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Published by: vkshamini916042 on Jun 08, 2011
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A bandage is a piece of cloth or other material used to bind or wrap a diseased or injured part of the body. Usually shaped as a strip or pad, bandages are either placed directly against the wound or used to bind a dressing to the wound. A dressing can consist of a wide range of materials, sometimes containing medication, placed directly against the wound.

.  Immobilize an injured part of the body to prevent further injury and to facilitate healing.  Bandages can be used to hold dressings in place.  Absorb drainage. to relieve pain.  Protecting and promoting healing wound.PURPOSE OF BANDAGE  Stop the flow of blood.  Hold a medicated dressing in place. and swollen joints.  Hold a splint in position.  Elastic bandages are useful to provide ongoing pressure on wounds such as varicose veins.  Provide a safeguard against contamination. and generally to make the patient comfortable. fractured ribs.  Cushion the injured area.

Observe circulation by noting pulse. Assess skin before applying bandage for any breakdown. Make sure the body part to be bandaged is clean and dry. leave fingertips or toe tips exposed for observation. Where possible. Do not end a bandage on wound or at the back of the body. End the bandage on the outer side of the body. Cover the area 2 inches above and 2 inches below the affected area (wound). and sensation of the body part to be wrapped Always start bandaging from inner to outer aspect and far to near end. temperature. Overlap turns and slightly stretch the bandage.(Wear gloves where necessary). Always start and end with two circular turns. (Adequacy of blood circulation). ensures flexibility of the joint. skin color. Always stand in front of the part/victim to be bandaged except when applying a bandage to the head. eye. When bandaging a joint. Cover two third 2/3 of the previous turn. Assist victim to assume confortable position on bed or chair and support the body part to be bandaged. Be sure the bandage is rolled firm. .(Except immobilization of joint is required).PRINCIPLE & PROCEDURES FOR APPLYING BANDAGES y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Wash hand. and ear.

TYPE OF BANDAGE y TRIANGULAR Triangular bandages could be used on many part of the body to support and immobilize. . y CRAPE BANDAGE Type of woven gauze which has the quality of stretching.

ADHESIVE BANDAGE y Use to retain dressing and also used where application of pressure to an area Is needed . hands. cotton material. Frequently used to Retain dressings on wounds of fingers. eyes.GAUZE OR COTTON BANDAGE y Lightly woven. toes. ears. head. Feet.

METHODS OF APPLYING BANDAGES         Circular Spiral Reverse spiral Figure of eight CIRCULAR TURN Circular turns are used chiefly to anchor bandages and to terminate bandages .

y Apply the end of the bandage to the part of the body To be bandaged. such as upper arm and upper leg. y Secure the end of the bandage with tape. . metal clips Or a safety pin over uninjured area. SPIRAL TURN Spiral turns are used to bandage cylindrical parts of the body that are fairly uniform in circumference. y Encircle the body part a few times or as needed. each Turn directly covering the previous turn.

. each turn overlapping the preceding one by two-thirds the width of the bandage. Continue spiral turns at about 30 degree angle. y Terminate the bandage with two circular turns. and secure the end as described for circular turns.Kkkkk. SPIRAL REVERSE TURN Spiral reverse turns are used to bandage cylindrical parts of the body that are not uniform in circumference.m y y Make two circular turns to begin the bandage. such as the lower leg or lower fore arm.

Terminate the bandage with two circular turns. and secure the end as described for circular turns. and bring the bandage upward at about a 30-degree angle. Place the thumb of the free hand on the upper edge of the bandage. overlapping each previous turn by two-third the width of the bandage. Make each bandage turn at the same position on the limb so that the turns of the bandage will be aligned. y y y y y y FIGURE OF EIGHT TURN . Unroll the bandage about 4-6¶¶ then turn the hand so that the bandage is folded down.y Begin the bandage with two circular turns . The thumb will hold the bandage while it is folded on itself. Continue the bandage around the limb.

Application of bandages on elbow. overlapping the previous turns by two-thirds the width of the bandage. around it. and then below it. and secure the end appropriately. Terminate the bandage above the joint with two circular turns. ankle &knee y y Begin the bandage with two circular turns. y HEAD BANDAGING . Carry the bandage above the joint. making a figure eight-continue above and below the joint.

and pin infront. locking it with the horizontal bandage twice around the head.Vertical bandage carried twice forwards and once backward. Continue to pass the vertical bandage backwards and forward. TRIANGULAR BANDAGE OF THE HEAD . each time a little to the left and right alternately.

letting the point (apex) fall on the back of the neck.y Turn the base (longest side) of the bandage up and center its base on center of the forehead. Tuck the apex behind the crossed part of the bandage and/or secure it with a safety pin. Take the ends behind the head and cross the ends over the apex. Take them over the forehead and tie them. if available. y y y APPLY A TRIANGULAR BANDAGE SLING .

y y y y y EYES INJURY & BANDAGING A penetrating eyes injury is usually caused by a sharp object which has gone in. or tear the material into a triangular shape. the apex of the sling is beyond the elbow. The knot should fit into the ³hollow´ at the side of the neck on the uninjured site. Bring the lower portion of the material over the injured arm so that the bottom corner goes over the shoulder of the uninjured site. and the top corner of the material is over the shoulder of the injured site.y A triangular bandage sling is usually made from a muslin bandage. . or is protruding from the eyes. but any material that does not stretch (such as a fatigue shirt. Tie the two corners together so that the knot will not slip. Fold. or shelter-half) can be used. trousers. blanket. Position the forearm so that the hand is slightly higher than the elbow (about a 10 degree angle). cut. Bring the top corner behind the casualty¶s neck. poncho. Insert the material under the injured arm so that the arm is in the center.

remove all foreign material from the casualty¶s mouth. Do not touch the eyes or any contact lens. Bandage dressing in place. Ask casualty to hold this in place. Do not allow casualty to rub eye. check for obstruction in the airways. If penetrating eye injury. Place sterile pad or dressing over injured eye. place pad around object and bandage in place.Warnings:     Bandaging:       Support casualty¶s head to keep it as still as possible. lie casualty on back. Do not try to remove any object which is penetrating the eye. . If the casualty is unconscious. covering injured eye. Do not apply pressure when bandaging the eye. JAW INJURIES & BANDAGING y Before applying a bandage to a casualty¶s jaw. Ask casualty to try not to move eyes.

allow the jaw enough freedom to permit passage of air and drainage from the mouth. it also immobilizes a fractured jaw. Take the longer end over the top of the head to meet the short end at the temple and cross the ends over. Bandaging: Place the bandage under the chin and carry its ends upward. Adjust the bandage to make one end longer than the other. y y y y FINGER BANDAGING y For finger and hand bandaging take a roller bandage varying in width from one inch to three inches wide and five yards long. Take the ends in opposite directions to the other side of the head and tie them over the part of the bandage that was applied first. . In addition to stopping the bleeding and protecting the wound.y The dressing and bandaging procedure outlined for the jaw serves a twofold purpose. When applying the bandage.

and having each crossing point one half inch higher up than the one preceding. making the crossing point in the middle of the finger. then around the hand and toward the person on the down stroke. which has the advantage of giving better compression is made by carrying.y After the dressing has been applied take two or three turns around the finger to hold the bandage from slipping. as illustrated. then from left to right making the distances neat and even. the bandage away from the person applying it on the upper stroke. carry the roll around the finger. The figure of eight. y .



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