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Nancy Roper

Nancy Roper

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Published by: shahani_yo on Jun 08, 2011
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Nancy Roper

Winifred W. Logan

Alison J. Tierney 

Born in the United Kingdom on September 29, 1918  A Registered Sick Children s Nurse  A Registered General Nurse (World War II)  An Examiner for the General Nursing Council  Wrote a book: Man s Anatomy, Physiology, Health and

Enviroment  1964: First British nurse writer  1967: Principles of Nursing  1976: Clinical Experience in Nurse Education  1988: Principles of Nursing in Process Context 

Qualified as a nurse at the Royal Infirmary M.A. degree at the University of Edinburgh 1972: First Director of Nursing Services 1978: Executive Director Before retirement: Head of Department of

Health and Nursing (Glasgow Caledonian University) 

At an early age desires to become a nurse  Mid 1960 s, nurses are poorly paid  1969: Graduated with Distinction  1971: Registered General Nurse  1976: awarded a Ph. D (Doctoral Thesis)  1984: Director of the Nursing Research Unit at the

University of Edinburgh was appointed to a Personal Chair of Nursing Research  Book: The Elements of Nursing

1. Person > An individual is central to the model and is conceptualized as attending to the 12 ALs according to dependence/independence status for each of them and the stage on the lifespan against the influential factors. 2. Health > The expected outcome when preventing potential problems from becoming actual ones is the acquisition and maintenance of a positive health status.

4. Nursing > Defined as helping people to:  Prevent potential problems related to their Als  Alleviate or solve health problems  Cope in a positive way with any health problems


Activities of Living

> The current model seeks to define 'what living means' and categorizes these discoveries into Activities of Living (ADL), in order to promote maximum independence, through complete assessment leading to interventions that further support independence in areas that may prove difficult or impossible for the individual on their own. 

The model also incorporates a life span continuum,

where the individual passes from fully dependent at birth, to fully independent in the midlife, and returns to fully dependent in their old age/after death. III. Factors Influencing ALs a. Biological - the impact of overall health, of current illness or injury, and the scope of the individual's anatomy and physiology all are considered under this aspect.

c. Sociocultural - the impact of society and culture experienced by the individual. Expectations and values based on (perceived or actual) social class or status, or related to the individual's perceived or actual health or ability to carry our activities of daily living. Culture within this factor relates to the beliefs, expectations and values held by the individual both for themselves and by others pertaining to their independence in and ability to carry out activities of daily living.

e. Politico economic - this is the impact of government, politics and the economy on ADL's. Issues such as funding, government policies and programs, state of war or violent conflict, availability and access to benefits, political reforms and government targets, interest rates and availability of fundings (both public and private) all are considered under this factor.

y 1980: The Elements of Nursing,1st Edition y 3rd and 4th Edition of the Book: The Elements of

Nursing: A Model for Nursing Based on a Model of Living y based loosely upon the activities of daily living (ADLs) that are evolved from the work of Virginia Henderson in 1966 y most widely used nursing model in the United Kingdom

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