&,fp&marmp&m

EdkifiHa&;[morsm;

jrefrmusL;ypfzdk&rfrS EdkifiHa&;[morsm;
'gav;rsm;
w½kwfEkdifiHom; /------/ igwdkU tm;upm;orm;/
ajcaxmufESpfzufr½Sdbl;/ a&ul;tm;upm;rSm odyfxl;cRefwm/
jrefrmEkdifiHom; /-- -- -/ 'grsm; qef;wmvkdufvkdU/ vufeJU
ul;vJ&&JUom;eJU/
½k½SEkdifiHom; /-------- / igwkdUqDu oDcsif;a&;q&m/ odyfawmfwm/
vufESpfzufvHk;r½Sdbl;/ ola&;wJhoDcsif;awGodyfaumif;/
jrefrmEkdifiHom; /--- -- / 'gvnf; bmrSrqef;bl;/
ajcaxmufeJUa&;rSmaygh/
tar&duefEkdifiHom;/----/ igwkdUqDu odyÜHynm½SifBuD;/ ajcaxmufa&m
vufa&m vIyfvkdUr&bl;/ 'gayr,fh odyfukdBuD;us,fwJh tawG;tac:awG
trsm;BuD;ajymcJhw,f/
jrefrmEkdifiHom; /------ / 'gvnf;rqef;bl;/ yg;pyfu
pum;ajymvkdU&aewmyJ/ ajymrSmaygh/
w½kwf? ½k½S? tar&duefEkdifiHom;rsm;/-----/ rif;uvnf; rqef;bl;csnf;
2

ajymae/ 'Dxufbmrsm; qef;p&m ½Sdao;vkdUvJ/
jrefrmEkdifiHom; /------ / igwkdUqDrSm acgif;r½Sdbl;/ EkdifiHukdtkyfcsKyfvmwm
ESpf 20 jynfhawmhr,f/
w½kwf? ½k½S? tar&duefEkdifiHom;rsm;/-----/ [kduf
( wifjyol-  botchan  )

vlqdkwm..
armfpudkNrdKUwpfae&m/ vlwpfOD;vrf;avQmufvmonf/ wdkufay:rS tkwfcJ
wpfcsyf jyKwfusNyD; xdkvrf;avQmufol acgif;ay:wnfhwnfh jyKwfus\/
vrf;avQmufol aooGm;\/
0dkif;0ef;Munfhaeolrsm;xJrS wpfa,mufuajym\/ 
“MunfhMuprf;...
wdkufay:utkwfcJ

'Dtpdk;&vufxufrSm
jyKwfusNyD;awmif

vlao&owJU/

vrf;awmif vGwfvGwf vyfvyf ravQmuf&JwJUb0/” 
xdkpOf Munfhaeolrsm;xJrS wpfa,mufu 0ifajym\/

3

bmaumif;wm&SdvJ../
'Dtpdk;&vufxuf

“olUudk usaemfodygw,fAs/ olu tpdk;&tzGJU0ifvlwpfa,mufAs” 
xdkol\ pum;oHtqHk;.. vlawGxHrS toHrsm; wnDwnf;xGufvm\/ 
“MunfhMuprf;/ 'Dtpdk;&vufxuf bmaumif;wm&SdvJ/ vrf;ay:udk tkwfcJ
awmif vGwfvGwfvyfvyf uscGifhr&Sdbl;/” 
( wifjyol- kowhiteman  )

aygvGef;vdkU
tmqD,Hacgif;aqmifrsm; pnf;a0;yGJtNyD;rSm tdrf&Sif puFmyl0efBuD;csKyfu
ZdrfcHoabmFBuD;wpif;ay:rSm npmpm;yGJusif;yay;\/ eJeJneufvmawmU
acgif;aqmifBuD;awG eJeJaxGvmBuonf? xdkpOfrSm rav;&Sm;0efBuD;csKyfu
tvGeft&om&Sdaom yef;oD;rsm;csaBuG;um b,fvdkvJ pm;vdkUaumif;vm;
[kar;avonf/

tm;vHk;u

t&rf;t&om&Sdvdkufwm[k

aNzqdkBuvQif

yef;oD;awmif;rsm;,lí a&xJypfcsvdkuf\? tm;vHk;u bmNzpfvdkUvJ ar;aom
tcg uRefawmfwdkUqDrSm 'grsKd;awGu aygvGef;vdkU[k cyfBuGm;BuGm;av;
aNzonf/

tdrf&Sif0efBuD;csKyfuvnf; tm;usrcH tvGeft&om&Sdaom acsmUuvufawG
csaBuG;&if;

acsmUuvufyguifrsm;udk

a&xJypfcsNyum

usKyfwdkUqDrSm

'grsKd;t&rf;aygwm[k 0ifYBuGm;pGmqdkNyefavonf/
usefacgif;aqmifrsm;u wpfa,mufrsufESmwpfa,mufBunfYum BuGm;p&m&Sm
pOf;pm;Bu\/ 'gayrJU odBuwJYtwkdif; tmqD,H10edkifiHxJrSm olwdkU 2edkifiHudk
,SOfedkifolur&Sdoavmuf ...
tJ'DtcsdefrSm

Nrefrmacgif;aqmifu

0kef;ueJx&yfNyD;

olYvlawGbufudk

BunfYum a[Uwpfa,mufvmprf;[k cyfrmrmvSrf;ac:vdkufonf ...
xdktcg yHkcHk;ay:wGif tacGtcufrsm; wvufvufawmufaNymifaeaom
NrefrmppfAdkvfcsKyfwpfa,mufu cyfukufukufav; olUtem;rSmvm&yfav\/
acgif;aqmifBuD;u

xdkppfAdkvfcsKyf\vnfukwfudkudkifum

oabFm0&ef'g

teD;odkU qGJac:oGm;NyD; a&xJodkUaqmifUuefcsvdkufavonf ...
NyD; ae&modkUNyefvmNyD; aBumiftrf;trf;ESifY oltm;0dkif;BunfYaeol tm;vHk;udk
0ifYBuGm;BuGm;BunfYvdkuf&if; ....
]]usKyfwdkUqDrSm AdkvfcsKyfawG t&rf;aygw,fAsm}} [kaNymvdkufavawmUonf/
( wifjyol-  mokenlay  )

5

a&m*g
&efukefjrKdY&Sd

emrnfMuD;

txl;ukaq;cef;MuD;\

ydkif&Sifq&m0efMuD;onf

aps;uGufavhvma&; tpD&ifcHpmudk zwf&Iaeavonf/
(1) a,musfm;rsm;wGif tjzpfrsm;aoma&m*grsm;rSm tqkwf? tonf;ESifh
ywfouf onf/
oHk;oyfcsuf - aps;uGufwGif oufoufomom&EdkifjyD; ? uHprf;rJrsm;pGm
ygaom ? t&nftaoG;nHhaq;vdyfrsm;? t&ufrsm;udk aomufoHk;jcif;aMumifh
....
(2) rdef;rrsm;wGif tjzpfrsm;aom a&m*grsm;rSm ESvHk;ESifhywfoufonf/
oHk;oyfcsuf - aeYpOf aps;oGm;Muaom tdrf&Sifrrsm;twGuf twufMurf;
vSaomukefaps;EIef;aMumifh...
(3) ausmif;om;rsm;wGif tjzpfrsm;aoma&m*grsm;rSm rsufpdESifhywfoufonf/
oHk;oyfcsuf

-

tvGefw&mao;i,fatmif

csHKYxm;aom

pmrsm;udk

zwfMujcif;aMumifh ...
txl;wifjycsuf - rsufpdESifhem; ukoa&;XmebufwGif vlem tqrwef
rsm;jym;vmaerIaMumifh

txl;ukq&m0efMuD;rsm;

xyfrHwdk;csJYcefYxm;&ef

vdkaeygonf/ xl;jcm;aomxdka&m*g\ vu©PmrSm vlemrsm;\tqdkt&
]]rsufpdjzifh wyftyfjrifaom t&mrsm;udk owif;tjzpfjyefvnfem;axmif
&aomtcg vHk;0uGJjym;jcm;em;aejcif;aMumifh}} [lí jzpfygonf/
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )
6

jynfol
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif jzpfonf/
OD;ae0if;tm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;
wifjyonf/
OD;ae0if;u jynfolawGudk ]]rdk;ay:axmifrypfbl;}} [k jcdrf;ajcmufav\/
OD;armifarmiftm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;
wifjyonf/
OD;armifarmifu ]] rapmifhEdkifMuawmhbl;vm; }} [k acsmhav\/
OD;apmarmiftm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;
wifjyonf/
OD;apmarmifu ]]usKyfwdkYa&G;aumufyGJjyD;&if ppfwef;vsm;jyefr,f}} [k uwday;
av\/
OD;oef;a&Ttm; vufatmufi,fom;rsm;u jynfolawG rjidrfoufaMumif;
wifjyonf/
OD;oef;a&T u ]] bm ... jynfolawG.. [kwfvm; .... b,fuvlawGvJ? jynfjrdKY
uvm;}} [k jyefar;av\ /
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

7

umuG,fol
aEG&moD ausmif;ydwf&ufwGifjzpfonf/
zcifonf ol hom;MuD;tm; av;*G ypfoifay;\/
tawmftwefypfEdkifvmaomf om;MuD;u ]] taz- om;ypfEkdifvmjyD? bmawG
udk ypf&rvJ}} [k ar;avonf/
zcifu - ]] om; rif;jcHxJudkqif;? acgif;&if;jcHu 0ufawG wdk hpdkufcif;xJudk
0ifxdk;&ifypf?ajc&if;jcHu MuufawG jcHxJ0ifvm&ifvJypf}} vdk hrSmvdkufygowJh/
om;MuD;onf rdrdjcHxJwGif tMudrfMudrfywfaomfvnf; ypfp&mum;rawG h/
wcsDaomf tdrfa&S hyef;jcHav;twGif;rSm vIyfvIyfjrifonfESifh ypfvdkuf&m
ypfrSwfudk wnfhwnfhrSefjyD; rdrdnDi,f\ idkoHudkvnf; wjydKifeuf Mum;&
avonf/
zcifum; jym,mcwfvsuf ]] om;MuD;&,f rif;rvJ &ufpufvdkufwm
udk,fhnDav;udk ypf&ovm; ... ay; - rif; av;*G ... aemuf rypf&awmhbl;}}
[k qlylae&if;rS ....
om;MuD;\

idkoHygMuD;ESifh

ajymvdkufaom

pum;oHudk

Mum;&aomf

yufvufvefav\/
om;MuD;ajymvdkufonfrSm

-

]] tazuvnf; om;u om;wdk hjcHudk umuG,faewmyg}} [l\/
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )
8

toHk;tEIef;
vlwcsdK hpum;ajymaeMuonf/
yxrvl - ukefaps;EIef;awGu MuD;vmjyD/ rif;wkd hydkufqHudk odyfroHk;MueJ h/
wvwv&wJh ydkufqHudk vufxJrSm roHk;yJ z,fcsefxm;MuOD;/
'kwd,vl - [kwfw,f/ reufu aps;em;rSm vlawG &kH;&Hk;tkyftkyfeJ hpum;ajym
aeMuvdk hem;axmifMunfhwm ukefaps;EIef;taMumif; csnf;yJ /
yxrvl - aMomf 'geJ h reufjzef usaemfwdk hc&D;xGufzdk hawG h&yfudk b,frSm
vkyfrvJ/
'kwd,vl - awG h&yfudk tm;vHk; tqifajywJhae&m vkyf&r,fAs/ oli,fcsif;
awGtm;vHk;tkyftkyfpnf;pnf; jyefrqHkjzpfwmMumjyD/ tm;vHk; vdkufEdkifzdk h
pDpOfMu&atmif

....

yxrvl - [kwfyAsm; / "gwfqDeJ hum;vJ tqifoifhAsdK h.... tif; - "gwfqD
odkavSmif&wmuawmh

enf;enf;cufom;/

qDaps;uvnf;

jrifhoudk;/

'gayr,fh - pdwfrylygeJ husaemf qDtvHktavmuf odkrSD;xm;jyD;ygjyD/
wwd,vl - 'Dr,f 'Dr,f ... udk,hfvlwdk hpum;ajymaewm wrsdK;MuD;yJ /
toHk;tEIH;wcsdK h qef;aeovm; vdk h....
y+'k - (toHudkESdrfhvsuf) udk,hfvluvJ a0;&efaum .... usKyfwdk hu ]pk}
qkdwm rygatmifa&SmifajymaeMuwmyg .....
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

9

tif*sifwHk;MuD;
rqv acwfu qdk&S,fvpf pD;yGm;a&; udkoa&mfwJh [momav;yg/
qdk&S,fvpfacwfqdkawmh odwJhtwdkif; ypönf;awGudk o,fcsifwdkif;o,f?
a&mif;csifwdkif;a&mif;vdkU r&bl;av/ tm;vHk; tpdk;&u csKyfudkifxm;wm/
ae&mwum &SmazGa&;? ppfaq;a&;awGeJU/ ]]arSmifcdk ypönf;}} qdkwJh pum;vHk;
w,facwfpm;wmudk;As/ rSwfrdMur,fxifygw,f/
Mum;bl;wJh [moav;yg/ waeUvlwa,mufu? 

Volkswagen 

um;av;

armif;vmowJh/ tJ? vrf;rSm&SmazGa&;eJUwdk;a&m/ &SmazGa&;u um;taemufzHk;
udk zGifhMunfhNyD;? ar;vdkufowJh/
]]cifAsm;? 'Dtif*sifwHk;BuD;? b,fuo,fvmwmvJ...}} wJh/
( wifjyol- om*d )

tMudKufqHk;i&J
i&JodkY vlwpfa,muf a&mufvmonf/ i&Jrif;u xdkvltm;jypf'PfruscHcif
a&G;cs,fcGifhwpfckay;\/ xdkrSmtjcm;r[kwf i&JuscH&ef EdkifiHtm; a&G;cGifh
ay;jcif;jzpfonf/
odkYjzifhi&Jom;wpfa,mufudk xdkoltm; EdkifiHtvdkuf i&Jrsm;ESifh4if;wdkU\
jypf'PfpD&ifyHkrsm;udk vdkufjycdkif;avonf/
10

xdkvlvnf; tar&duef? jAdwdef? *syef tp&SdaomEdkifiHrsm;ESifh 4if;wdkY\
Murf;wef;í a0'emrsm;jzifh jynfhESufaeaom jypf'PfpD&ifyHkrsm;udkawGYjyD;
aMumufvefYí aeavonf/ xdkaemuf jrefrmhi&JodkY a&mufvmavonf/
tqdkyg vli,fonf jrefrmEdkifiH i&Jta&SYwGif vltrsm;tjym;wef;pDvsuf
jypf'PfuscH&ef apmifhvsufaeonfudk awGYaomtcg? 4if;tm;vdkufjyaom
i&Jom;tm; tb,faMumifh[líar;av\/
jrefrmhi&JwGif w&m;pD&ifyHkrSm 3 rsdK;jzpfavonf/
xdk 3rsdK;rSm – 
1/ vQyfppfxdkifcHjzifh ESdyfpufjcif;udk cH&jcif;/
2/ MumyGwfjzifh &dkufESufjcif;udk cH&jcif;/
3/ opfom;jym;ay:wGif oHrsm;pGm&dkufxm;í jypf'PfuscHoltm; oHcRef
rsm;bufwGif wuftdyfcdkif;jcif;jzpfonf/
i&Jom;vnf; tqdkygvltm;þuJhodkY&Sifh;jyav\/
1/ jrefrmh i&JwGifvQyfppfxdkifcHkjzifh ESdyfpufaomfvnf; tcsdefjynfheD;eD;
rD;rvmaomaMumifh jypf'Pfoufomjcif;/
2/ MumyGwfjzifh&dkuf&efwm0efusaom i&Jom;rsm;rSm rGef;wnfhtcsdefavmufrS
a&mufvmwwfjyD; rMumrD aehvnfpmxGufoGm;pm;wwfMuonf/ jyefvmjyD;
vQifvnf; twif;ajym? [dkoGm;vdkuf? 'Dvmvdkufjzifh waeYwmtcsdef ukefqHk;
ojzifh jypf'Pfay;&ef tcsdefrsm;rsm;yifr&SdvdkufwwfaMumif;?
3/ opfom;jym;ay:rS oHacsmif;rsm;vJ cdk;a&mif;pm;í ukefvkeD;yg;jzpfaeí
jypf'PfMucHvQif oufomaMumif;?

11

tqdkygtaMumif;rsm;aMumifh jrefrmhi&Jtm; a&G;cs,folrsm;í wef;pDolrsm;ae
aMumif;&Sif;jyygonf/
(wifjyol-  elf2006  )

tjypfr&Sd&if
wcgaomf axmufvSrf;a&; t&m&Sdonf tusOf;om;wOD;tm; ppfar;ae\/
t&m&Sd / / rif;udk igwdk htMurf;ywrf;enf;awG roHk;csifbl;uGm .... rif;
udk,fhtjypfudk udk,fhbmom 0efcHvdkufyg ...
tusOf;om;/ / uGsefawmfhrSm tjypfr&Sdygbl;cifAsm ... uGsefawmf rw&m;
tzrf;cH&wmyg/
t&m&Sd / / 'Dae&mawmif a&mufvmrSawmh tjypfr&SdyJ aervm;uG ...
tusOf;om;/

/

wu,fygcifAsm

.... uGsefawmf

bmtjypfrS

r&SdyJ

tzrf;cHcJh&wmyg/
xdktcg t&m&Sd\ajymvdkufaom pum;aMumifh tusOf;om;rSm acgif;ikdufpdkuf
usoGm;avonf/
t&m&SdajymvdkufonfrSm ]]a[haumif rif; aocsmpOf;pm;aemf ... rif;
tjypfr&Sdbl; qdkwmaocsm&if axmif ESpftuefhtowfr&Sd usoGm;Edkifw,f ...
pum;ajym qifjcifyg ....}} [l\ /
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )
12

bmeJ hwkef;
aejynfawmf wGifjzpfonf/
EdkifiHawmf

tMuD;tuJonf

OD;ay:OD;\avSsmufxHk;rsm;udkzwfjyD;

vGefpGm

oabmusvsuf OD;ay:OD;uJhodkY trwfrif;rsm; olYtem;wGif&SdvSsif aumif;rnf
[k rdef hMum;av\/
xdk haMumifh teD;em;&Sd t&m&Sdrsm;uvnf; OD;ay:OD;pmtkyfudk tvkt,uf
zwfMu&if; rif;vdkvdkuf rif;MudKufaqmifzdk h awG;awmaeMuavonf/
wae haomf - aqmufvkyfjyD;ump wHwm;MuD;wpif;tm; oGm;a&mufppfaq;
&m ....wHwm;MuD;rSm vIyfaeonfudk awGY&ojzifh t&m&Sdav;wpfOD;rS ]]wHwm;
MuD;uvnf;Asm ...}} [k wD;wdk;a&&Gwfvdkufrd\/ xdktcg tMuD;tuJrS ]] [Jh
wHwm;MuD;u bmjzpfwkef;}} [k jyefar;av&m .....
t&m&Sdav;rS ]] bkef;awmfaMumifh ewfjynfodk hwdk;vsdK;ayguf qufoG,fay;
aeovdkygyJ cifAsm; }} [k acwfopf OD;ay:OD; vkyfMunfhvdkuf&m tMuD;tuJrS
vGefpGm oabmusonfjzpfaomaMumifh qkawmf? ygrpfawmfrsm; ay;oem;
av\/ t&m&Sdvnf; rsm;pGm*kPfwufavonf/

13

wzef - zGifhvSpfjyD;ump qdkifbmpD;wD; odk h0ifa&muf ppfaq;aepOf ...
wdkufqdkifvSpGmrD;ysufoGm;onf

jzpfaomaMumifh .... ]]w,f -

rD;u

abmufrJhaMumifhysuf&owkef;}}
[k ar;jref;av&m ...vdrfrmyg;eyfaom t&m&SdrS ]] rSefyg? EdkifiHawmf
tMuD;tuJ\ udk,fa&mift&Sdeft0gudk vsyfppfrD;ewfom;rS r,SOfEdkifaom
aMumifh a0;&modk hz,fcGmajy;ojzifh rD;ysuf&ygonf cifAsm;}} [k ajzMum;
vdkuf&m oabmusvSojzifh qkawmf ygrpfawmfrsm; xyfrH csD;jrSifhjyef
avonf/
xdkodk h vSnfhvnfppfaq;jyD;tjyef tpnf;ta0;cef;raqmifwGif pnf;a0;
aeMupOf – 
orD;awmfav;tm; rjrifrdonfudk owdxm;rdaomaMumifh tMuD;tuJrS ...
]] [Jh ighorD;awmfav; rawG hrdygvm; }} [kar;avonf/
xdktcg ... yg;eyfjyD; pum;MuG,faom t&m&SdrS ]] rSefyg? a&SmifvTJr&Edkifaom
obm0w&m;\ usDpm;rIaMumifh udk,fvufrtDromjzpfvsuf tem;,lae
aMumif;yg }} [k jyefajzav\/
þwGif EdkifiHawmf tMuD;tuJonfvnf; rdrdudk,fukd bdk;awmfeD;eD; xifrSwf
aejyDjzpfaomaMumihf tpnf;ta0;udk &kyfodrf; vlpkcGJavonf/
aemufwae hreufwGifrS - tpnf;ta0; vlpHkcsdefüf rdrdt&m&Sdav;udk xyfrH
prf;oyfvdkonfjzpfaomaMumifh ]] [Jh- bmeJ hwkef; }} [k ar;av\ / ( bm
a&m*geJ hwkef;[kar;&rnf jzpfaomfvnf; tMuD;tuJrSm bdk;awmf\ 'dkif,m
avmh*frsm;rS raoGzDvdkaomaMumifh rl&if;twdkif;ar;avonf/)
14

vdrfrmyg;eyfjyD; owd0D&d,jzifh jynfhpHkaom t&m&Sdav;rS rqdkif;rwGyif ...
]]AdkufeJYygcifAsm;}} [k jyefajzonfwGif ...tMuD;tuJ crsmvnf; rwfwyfrS
pef hpef hvJí avief;pGJavawmhonf/
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

wm0efudk,fpD
aejynfawmf tpnf;ta0; cef;r wae&m ....
tMuD;tuJ/ / rif;wdk hEdkifiHawmf umuG,fa&;tpDtrHawG ighudkwifjyprf;/
0efMuD; / / [kwfuJh ... jynfolawGqlyl&if ol hvleJ holjyefxdef;odrf;zdk h
pGrf;tm;&SiftzGJYukd

zGJYpnf;ay;xm;ygw,f/ bkef;MuD;ausmif;awGudkawmh

MuHYcdkifa&;tzGJYudk wm0efay;jyD; apmifhMunhfcdkif;xm;ygw,f/
t"du&kPf; ESdrfeif;a&; &JawGudkvnf; wkwfawG? 'dkif;awG tjynfht0 wyfqif
ay;xm;jyD;? tcgtm;avsmfpGm ESpfzufcGJavhusifhay;xm;ygw,f/
ygwDawG? ausmif;om;tzGJ hawGudkvnf; wefjyef tzGJ hawG zJG hpnf;jyD;
jynfolawG xifa,mifxifrSm;jzpfatmif vkyfaeygw,f/ rD'D,m wl rD'D,m
wkdufyGJudkvnf; t&Sdefrysuf qufvuf qifETJaeygw,f cifAsm/
15

tMuD;tuJ/ / at; .... 'gqdk b,fqdk;vdk hvJ/ aumif;w,f qufxdef;xm;/
aMomf 'geJ h ighppfAdkvfav;awGudka&m bmwm0efay;xm;ovJ/
0efMuD; / / olwdk h tGefvdkif; wufaeMuygw,f cifAsm;/
tMuD;tuJ/ /

a[ ........

( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

igvJygw,faemf
wpfcgu EkdifiHawmf orwrif;awGcsnf;oD;oefU av,mOfwpfpD; pD;vmMu
owJh/
]0kef;} qkd av,mOfBuD;u odrfhodrfhwkefoGm;ygw,f/
e*g;BuD;wpfaumifu av,mOfBuD;udkcGpD;NyD; av,mOfukd b,fvkdrS quf
armif;vkdUr&atmif Ncdrf;ajcmufaewmyg/
'geJU ½k½Sm; or®w ylwifu atmfajymvkdufowJh/
]]igwkdUqDu aygufuGJtm;tjyif;qHk; EsLu,m;'Hk;eJU cGif;vkdufr,f}}

16

e*g;uat;at;aq;aq;ygyJ/
'geJU tar&duefor®wrif; a*smhbk½Sfu 0ifatmfajymvkdufowJh/
]]igwkdUqDu 

Starwars 

pDrHudef;u

vufeufqef;awGeJUypfvkdufr,f/

ab;z,fyg }}
e*g;BuD;uat;at;aq;aq;ygyJ/ av,mOfudk ydkNyD;awmhawmif vIyf&rf;ae
ygao;owJh/
'geJU rjzpfacsbl;qkdNyD; OuúXBuD; AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;u acgif;uav;jyLNyD;
wkd;wkd;ajymvkdufw,f/
e*g;BuD;vnf;aMumufvefUwMum;

ckefysHajy;vTm;aysmufuG,foGm;ygw,f/

'geJU wjcm;aom or®wrif;awGu tm;vHk; tHhMowBuD; 0kdif;ar;Muwmaygh/
bmrsm;ajymvkdufygwkef;aygh/
tbu at;at;aq;aq;yJ jyefajymvkdufowJh/
]] jrefrmEkdifiHudkoGm;aeMuwm..../ igvJygw,faemf }}
( wifjyol-  botchan  )
17

olrsm;usawmY  “rSL;MuD;” rvkyf& ... wJY
e0wvufxufrSm udk,fYzmomudk,f &mxl;awGwdk;ay;vdkufMuwm AdkvfcsKyf
MuD;awGrsm;vmawmY olwdkYxJu tmPmt&dSqHk;vludkay;zdkY wDxGifvdkufwJY
&mxl;u  “AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;”  wJY/ AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;xufawmif &mxl;
trsm;MuD; MuD;oGm;wmaygY/
tJ'gudk

tm;usvdkY

'ku©a&mufoGm;wJY

yk*d¾Kvfwa,muf&dSoAs/

olu

rEåav;jynfolYaq;&HkMuD;u aq;&HktkyfMuD;qdkyJ/ rEåav;rSmu t&ifwkef;uvdk
r[kwfyJ aq;&HkawGursm;vmawmY aq;&Hktyk fMuD;awGvnf; av;ig;a,muf
&dSwmaygYAsm/

'gayr,fY

wjcm;aq;&Hktyk fMuD;awGu?

ydkjyD;pDeD,muswJY

tckeuajymwJY yk*d¾KvfMuD;&JY tkyfcsKyfrIatmufrSmyJ &dSowJY/
tEDS yk*d¾KvfMuD;[m udk,fuydkjyD; yg0g&dS&JYom;eJY? wjcm;olawGeJY  “aq;&Hktkyf
MuD;”  qdkjyD; tac:ta0: wlaewmudk rESpfjrdKY[efwlyg&JY/ waeYawmY
olxkwfjyefwJY XmewGif; ausnmcsufwckxJrSm  “aq;&HktkyfrSL;MuD;”  qdkjyD;
vufrSwfatmufrSm a&;vdkufowJY/
tJ... rMumcifyJ tJ'D aq;&HktkyfMuD;vnf;
jyKwfygava&mAsm/
tm;uswmvm;? &GJYvdkufwmvm; q&mMuD;&,f/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

18

MudKuf&ma&G;
EdkifiHYacgif;aqmifrsm;udk

jzKwfcsifvSsif

trsm;qHk;

toHk;jyKavY&dSMuaom

taMumif;jycsuf ESpfck&dSygonf/
¤if;wdkYrSm vmbfpm;rI (  bribery  ) ESifY tdrfaxmifa&;azmufjyefrI(  adultery  )
wdkYjzpfygonf/
bbMuD;[k emrnfwGifusefcJYaom AdkvfcsKyfMuD;tm; jzKwfypfvdkaomtcg
xdkpOfu twGif;a&;rSL;(1) jzpfaeao;aom AdkvfcsKyfcifnGefY vufxJwGif
taMumif;jyp&m ESpfckvHk; udkifxm;jyD;jzpfavonf/
xdkYaemuf AdkvfcsKyfcifnGefYu xdkAdkvfcsKyfMuD;tm; ac:ajym\/ 
“cifAsm;udk uGsefawmfwdkY jzKwfzdkY taxmuftxm;awGawmY &Smxm;jyD;jyD? 
bribery 

eJYjzKwfwmudk MudKufovm;?  adultery  eJYjzKwfwmudk MudKufovm;

a&G;ayawmY” 
AdkvfcsKyfcifnGefY nSyfajymvdkufaom t*FvdyfpmvHk;udk aumif;pGmem;rvnf
aom bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u ajzrdajz&m “ t'yfxGD ”  [k ajzrdcJYavonf/
odkYESifY bbMuD;ESifY rif;orD;av;wdkYZmwfvrf; vlxkMum;odkY a&muf&dSoGm;
cJYjcif; jzpfygownf;/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

19

Local Call 

wpfcgu tar&dueforw bk&Sf &,f? NAdwdefu 0efMuD;csKyf wdkeDbvJ &,f?
NrefrmNynfu OD;oef;a&T&,f...(3) a,muf[m aoNyD;aemufydkif; i&JNynfudk
a&mufvmMuw,f/ ,rrif;MuD;qDrSm qHk;Nzwfcsufudkapmifhae&if; olwkdY&Jh
rdef;rawGqDudk

owd&vkdY

zkH;ac:csifvmw,fwJh/

tJ'geJU

bk&fupNyD;

zkH;ac:wm r'rfbk&fS eJY ( 5 ) rdepfavmuf tvGrf;o,fvkdufw,f/ ( 5 )
rdepfaNymNyD; zkH;csvkdufawmh ,rrif;MuD;u zkH;aNymc a':vm ( 1000 )
awmif;vkdufw,f/ bk&fu bmvkdYzkH;caps;MuD;wmvJvkdYar;awmh vlNynfudkac:
wmrdkY  oversea  rdkYvkdYygvkdaNymvkdufw,f/ aemuf wkdeDu zkH;xyfac:w,f../
olu awmh ( 10 ) rdepfMumw,fwJh/ ,rrif;MuD;u olYqDu a':vm
( 1000 ) yJ awmif;vkdufw,f/ bk&Sfu olYwHk;u ( 5 ) rdepfudk a':vm
( 1000 )? wkdeDusawmh ( 10 ) rdepfukd a':vm ( 1000 ) qkdawmh
raMueyfbl;aygh/ ,rrif;MuD;udk ar;awmh NAdwdefu tar&duefxufydkeD;vkdY
ygvkdYNyefaNymw,f/

aemufqkH; OD;oef;a&TtvSnfhusawmh

r'rfoef;a&TeJh

zkH;aNymvkdufwm ( 5 ) rdepfvnf;ru..( 10 ) rdepfvnf;ru...( 1 )
em&DMumoGm;w,fwJh/ ,rrif;MuD;u oef;a&TqDu ( 5 ) a':vmyJ
,lvkdufw,fwJh/ tJ'DrSm bk&Sfaum? wkdeDaum pdwfawGqkd;NyD; ,rrif;MuD;udk
tNypfqkdwmaygh/

tJ'DrSm,rrif;MuD;u

olYrdef;rqDac:wm 

Oversea 

Call 

....ygwJhcifAsm;..../
( wifjyol-  exotic  )

20 

bmNyefaNymvnf;qkdawmh........
r[kwfbl;.... 

Local 

Call 

ay:vmjyefjyD
udkZm*emjuD;wpfa,muf axmifxJa&mufaewkef; oef;a&$juD;a&mufcsvm_yD;  "udkif;/
rif;tckaxmifxJa&mufae_yD? rif;ighudk[movkyfEdkifao;&Jhvm;?"  vdhkar;owJh? udkZm*em
u  "usKyfudk 'Daehxkwfowif;pmwpfapmif/ a&wpfyHk;eJh aumfcGufwpfcGuf omay;yg" 
vdkh_yefa_ymvdkufw,f?
oef;a&$"gwfyHkygwJh

vdkcsifwJhypPnf;awGvJ&a&m
pmrsufESmudkvSef/

cGufuaumfcGufqdkawmh

udkZm*emvJ

cGufudka&yHk;xJESpf_yD;

a&ay:udkcsuf_cif;

owif;pmrSm

_yefv$wfvdkufa&m?

_yefay:vma&maygh?

tJ'DtcsdefrSm

udkZm*ema_ymvdkufwmuawmh "awmuf/ ay:vm_yef_yD 'DcGuf"

( wifjyol- Wyclef  )

xm0& bk&m;ocifawmif rrSDyg
wcgu tar&duefor®w&,f? w&kwfor®w&,f? usaemfwdkU AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;
&,f xm0&bk&m;ocifudk oGm;awGUMuygowJh/ ...
xm0&bk&m;ocifu oifwdkU odvdk&mudk ar;Muygqdkawmh wa,mufjyD;
wa,muf ar;Muawmhwmaygh/
yxrqHk; tar&duefor®wu ar;w,f/
] b,fawmhrsm;rS tar&duef[m urÇmwckvHk;udk EdkifiHa&;? ppfa&;t&
jydKifbufuif; vTrf;rdk;EdkifrvJ } .. wJh/
21

xm0&bk&m;ocifu cPpOf;pm;vdkufjyD; jyefajymw,f/
] jzpfawmhjzpfr,f ... 'gayr,hf rif;rrSDawmhbl; } .. wJh/
tar&duefor®w idkygava&m/
jyD;awmh w&kwfor®wu ar;w,f/
] b,fawmhrsm;rS w&kwfjynf[m urÇmYpD;yGm;a&;wckvHk;udk vTrf;rdk;EdkifrvJ} ..
wJh/
xm0&bk&m;ocifu ckeuvdkyJ cPpOf;pm;vdkufjyD; jyefajymygw,f/
] jzpfawmhjzpfvmr,f .. 'gayr,hf rif; rrSDawmhbl; } .. qdkawmh
w&kwfor®wvJ idkjyefwmaygh/
aemufqHk;awmh AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;tvSnhfaygh/ ..
olUar;cGef;vJ Mum;jyD;a&m xm0&bk&m;ocif idkygava&m/
olar;wmu ] b,fawmhrsm;rS jrefrmjynfrSm a&awGrD;awG rSefrSmvJ } .. wJh/
rsuf&nfvnf&GJMum;xJu xm0&bk&m;ocifu jyefajz&Smygw,f/
] jzpfawmhjzpfr,f ... 'gayr,hf igrrSDawmhbl; } ...... wJhAsm /
( wifjyol-  yzg  )

22

tckuHaumif;w,f
wrvGefb0rSm a*smhbkcsf &,f? bboef;&,f? Avm'Drm ylwif&,f twlwl
awGYjyD; vrf;avQmufxGufcJhygw,f/ olwdkY wpfae&mta&muf vuf0g;uyf
wdkifrSm um;piftwifcHxm;&wJh a,&Ic&pfawmfeJYawGYygava&m/ tJ'DrSmwif
a*smhu a,&Iem;udk wdk;oGm;jyD;awmh
]t&Sif? om;awmf touf&SifcJhwJh b0rSm om;awmf uHaumif;cJhygvm;/}
a,&Iu ]at;.. rif;uHaumif;cJhw,f/ bmvdkYvJqdkawmh rif;[m tMurf;zuf
orm;awGudk EdSrfESif;cGifh &cJhvdkYyJ/}
jyD;awmh ylwifu a,&Iudk ]uRefawmfrsdK;aum touf&SifpOfu b,fvkd
uHaumif;cJhygvJ/} vdkYar;w,f/ a,&Iu ]rif;vJ uHaumif;cJhwmyJ.. bmvdkYvJ
qdkawmh rif;[m wdkif;jynfudk pdwfwdkif;us yHkazmfEdkifcJhvdkYyJ/}
aemufqHk;ydwftaeeJY uRefawmfwdkY bboef;u tm;usrcH ]uRefawmfa&mAsm..
b,fvdk uHaumif;cJhvJ/} vdkYar;w,f/ tJ.. ar;vdkufwJh cPrSm a,&I
vufESpfzufvHk; vIyfoGm;w,f.. 'gayr,f.. um;pifwifcHxm;&wmqdkawmh
vIyfvdkYr&blk;/ jyD;awmh bboef;udk tHMudwfjyjyD; 'Dvdkajymw,f/
]at;.. ighvufESpfzufpvHk; vIyfvdkYr&wmyJ rif;uHaumif;w,fvdkYrSwf/}

( wifjyol- deathmetalster  )

23

Myanmar & Wireless 

*syefEkdifiHrS blrdaA'ynm&SifawGu wl;azmfa&;vkyfuGufwpfckuae rxifrSwf
yJ aNratmufrDwm ( 1000 ) ausmfrSm

Copper  Wire

awGwl;azmfawGY&dS

oGm;Muw,f/ *syefrS odyÜHynm&SifawG&Jh prf;oyfrSKt& atmufygtwdkif;
rSwfcsufwpfck csvkdufMuw,f/
rdrdwdkY bkd;ab;bDbifawG[m a&S;ESpfaygif; 1000 cefYuwnf;u
Wire Coxial Technology

Copper 

awGtokH;NyKcJhMuw,fwJh../

tJ'gudk rcHEkdifNzpfoGm;wJh tar&duefawGu olwdkYEkdifiHrSm aNratmufrDwm
( 2000 ) wl;cJhMuw,f/ xl;qef;pGmeJY

Fibre  Cables

awGudk awGY&dSoGm;

w,f/ tar&duef ynm&SifawGu atmufygtwdkif; rSwfcsufcsvkdufMuw,f/
rdrdwdkY bkd;ab;bDbifawG[m a&S;ESpfaygif; 1000 cefYuwnf;u
Technology ( or ) Photonic Technology

Optical 

awGtokH;NyKcJhMuw,fwJh../

aemufqkH; NrefrmEkdifiHrS AdkvfcsKyfMuD;awGuvnf; tm;usrcH NrefrmhaNratmuf
udkwl;azmfckdif;vkdufMuw,f/ rDwm ( 1000 ) wl;w,f....bmrSrawGYbl;/
rDwm ( 2000 ) wl;w,f...bmrSrawGYao;bl;/ 'geJY ydkaocsmoGm;atmif
rDwm ( 3000 ) txd wl;vkdufMuw,f/ tHhMop&myJAsm../ bmqkdbmrS
udkrawGYwm../ 'geJY aemufqkH;rSwfcsufwpfck csvkdufMuw,f/
rdrdwdkY bkd;ab;bDbifawG[m a&S;ESpfaygif; 1000 cefYuwnf;u
Technology

awGtokH;NyKcJhMuw,fwJh../

( wifjyol-  exotic  )

24 

Wireless 

aumfr&Sif
wpfcgujrefrmEdkifiHu 0efMuD;csKyfwpfa,muf tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiHudk tvnfoGm;
owJh/

tif'dkeD;&Sm;0efMuD;csKyfvnf;

olYtdrfudkac:jyD;

{nfhcHwmayghAsm/

aumif;ayhnGefYayhqdkwJhtpm;taomufawG? t&ufawGeJY {nfhcHayr,fh jrefrm
0efMuD;csKyfu tif'dk0efMuD;csKyf&JY eef;awmfwrQ xnf0gvSwJh tdrfawmfMuD;udkyJ
oabmusaeowJh/ aemufqHk;raeEdkifawmhwmeJY ]AsdKY tif'dk0efMuD;? cifAsm;
vcb,favmuf&vdkY 'DtdrfMuD;udk aqmufEdkifwmvJ} vdkYar;rdowJh/ 'Dawmh
tif'dk0efMuD;u bmrS jyefrajzao;bJ jywif;aygufuae vSrf;jrifae&wJh
jrpfMuD;udk vufndK;vSrf;xdk;jyD; ][dkrSmawGYvm; jrpful;wHwm;MuD;} qdkawmhjrefrm0efMuD;csKyf/ / ]awGYygw,f}
tif'dk0efMuD;csKyf/ / ] 20% } vdkYajymvdkufowJh/
aemufwpfESpfMumwJhtcgrSmawmh tif'dk0efMuD;csKyfu jrefrmjynfudk jyefjyD;
tvnfvmowJh/ jrefrm0efMuD;csKyfvnf; *kPf,l0ifhMuGm;pGmeJY olYtdrfudk
zdwfwmaygh/ tJ'DrSm tif'dk0efMuD;csKyfwpfa,muf tdrfxJudkawmif r0if&
ao;bl;?

tdrfa&SYrSmwif

yg;pyfta[mif;om;eJY

ai;jyD;&yfaerdw,f/

jrefrm0efMuD;csKyf&JY tdrfawmfu olYtdrfxuf q,fqru crf;em;wmudk;/
wpftdrfvHk;udk

pusifausmufawGeJY

rGrf;rHxm;jyD;?

aumfaZmawGuvnf;

eif;&ufp&mawmifr&Sdbl;wJh/ 'geJY tif'dk0efMuD;vnf; t&JpGefYjyD; ar;vdkuf
w,f ]cifAsm; vc b,favmuf&wmvJ[if? tdrfMuD;u [D;aewmyJ}?
jrefrm0efMuD;csKyf/ / ] [dkrSmjrpful;wHwm;MuD;awGYvm;}
[kjrpfudkxdk;jya&GYar;vdkufonf/
tif'dk0efMuD;csKyf/ / ] rawGYygvm;? b,frSmvJAs} [kjyefar;vdkufonf/
25

xdktcg jrefrm0efMuD;csKyfu rdefYrdefYMuD;jyHK;í

atmufygtwdkif; ajymcsvdkuf

avownf;/
] 100%}
( wifjyol-  Eistein  )
t<um;jydKifyGJ
tmqD,H xdyfoD;rsm;tpnf;ta0;wGif EdkifiHtoD;oD;rS acgif;aqmifrsm;
tBuGm;NydKifMuav&m yxrOD;pGm rav;&Sm;acgif;aqmifu ...
]usKyfwdkU rav;vlrsKd;awG wnfaqmufxm;wJh rdk;arSsmfwdkufAsm? v udk
xdaevdkU} [k MuGm;avonf/
xdktcg tjcm;acgif;aqmifrsm;u wpfa,mufwpfayguf 0dkif;0ef; EdSyfuGyf
avrS rlvtjrifh jyefa&mufatmif avsmhoGm;avonf/
acgif;aqmif toD;oD;rSm olwdkUEdkifiHtaMumif;udk tmaygiftm&if;oefoefjzifh
BuGm;vdkuf? wjcm;acgif;aqmifrsm;u 0dkif;EdSyfuGyfvdkufjzifh olwkdU MuGm;cJhorSs
rlvxufrsm;pGm jyefjyefavsmhcsaeMu&onf/
aemufqHk; tba½TqDrS bmrSMuGm;oH rMum;&ojzifh tm;vHk;u 0dkif;ar;Mu&m?
]igwdkU EdkifiHrSm rdef;rawGu uav;arG;&if zifaygufuae arG;w,fuG} [k
ajymav&m tm;vHk; tHk;tHk;uGsufuRuf jzpfNyD; oufaojycdkif; avawmhonf/
xdktcgrS

tba½Tu

rdefUrdefUBuD;NyHK;um

vGJoGm;wmyguGm} [lownf;/
( wifjyol- Black­Xenon )
26

]igMuGm;wmu

ESpfvufryJ

tajctaeaumif;wmu
wpfcgu

tpdk;&tjuD;tuJwpfOD;onf

aemufvdkufrsm;ESifh

tpnf;ta0;twGuf

c&D;xGufjuonf? vrf;wGif rawmfwq ,mOfwdkufr+ _zpf_yD; tm;vHk;aq;@Hkodkh
a&mufoGm;juonf? tjuD;tuJ. owif;udk ar;_ref;pHkprf;&eftwGuf owif;axmuf
rsm; vma&muf_yD; q&m0eftm;ar;_ref;cJhonf?
owif;axmufrsm; ? q&m/q&m--- tjuD;tuJa_ctae b,fvdkvJ?
q&m0ef ? tif; --- ta_ctae raumif;bl;?
owif;axmufrsm; ? ol&Jh aemufvdkufawGaum---?
q&m0ef ? tif; -- olwdkhvJta_ctae raumif;bl;?
owif;axmufrsm; ? 'gqdk b,folta_ctae aumif;vJq&m?
q&m0ef ? igwdkh wdkif;_ynf?
( wifjyol-  loyalty  )

ighudkbmrSwfaevJ
wpfcgu tpdk;&tjuD;tuJwpfOD;onf ntcsdefwGif wpfa,mufwnf; t_yifxGufrd&m
vrf;wGifvk,ufolESifh wdk;onf?
vk,ufol ? ygor# ydkufqHtukefxkwf?
tjuD;tuJ?-- a[h-- rif; -ighudkbmrSwfaevJ-- igb,folvJodvm;--- ig
'Dwdkif;_ynf&Jh tpdk;& tjuD;tuJuG?
vk,ufol ? 'gqdk-- ,lxm;or#awG tukef_yefay;?
27

taumif;qHk;0g'

wpfcgu

urÇmay:rSm

(&nf½G,fcsufuawmh

EdkifiHa&;0g'

tpnf;ta0;yGJBuD;usif;yw,f/

urÇmay:rSmaumifqHk;0g'udka½G;r,faygh/)urÇmay:u

EdkifiHacgif;aqmiftm;vHk;ESifh 0g'&Siftm;vHk; wufa&mufMuwmaygh/
(rSufcsuf/ / jrefrmEdkifiHuODoef;a½TBuD; ESifh wpfaqGwpfrsdK;vHk; wufa&muf
onf[kowif;&½Sdygonf/)
tNydKiftqdkifyJ [pfwvmwdkU?rlqdkvDeDwdkU?wdkeDbvJwdkU?vifuGef;wdkU?ponfjzifh
EkdifiHaygif;pHku acgif;aqmifESifh0g'&Sif tm;vHk;[m olwdkU0g'aumif;aMumif;
a[majymjiif;ckefMuwmaygh/

tm;vHk;wpfa,mufESifhwpfa,muf t&SH;ray;Muovdk b,folrSvJb,f0g'
aumif;w,fvdkU rqHk;jzwfEdkifMuzl;aygY/ aemufqHk; tm;vHk;owdxm;rdwmu
jrefrmEdkifiHuOD;oef;a½TBuD;ESifh taygif;ygrsm;[m bmrSrajymbJ Nidrfoufae
MuwmudkawGU&w,faygh/ tm;vHk;u 'DvdkNidrfaeyHkaxmuf&if OD;oef;a½TBuD;qD
rSmtm;vHk;ESifhrwlyJ tm;vHk;xufaumif;wJh0g'wpfck&Sdr,fvdkU xifMuwmaygh/
vmwHk;uawmh aqGrsdK;awGa&mufzl;atmif tvnfoabmrsdK;eJU bmrSrajymbl;
vdkUpOf;pm;xm;ayrJh tm;vHk;uawmif;qdkvmwmeJU OD;oef;a½TBuD;u pifay:
wufoGm;ygw,f/
pifay:a&mufa&mufcsif;yJ

tm;vHk;u

OD;oef;a½TBuD;udk

jrefrmEdkifiHudk

b,f0g'ESifh tkyfcsKyfovJvdkUar;ygw,f/ 'Dawmh OD;oef;a½TBuD;u olrsm;
28

awGvdk &Snf&Snfa0;a0;rajymyJ wpfcGef;xJajymNyD; qif;vmcJhwJhtcgrSm....
vlaygif;rsm;pGm&SdwJh tpnf;ta0;cef;rBuD;[m tyfusoHawmifMum;&atmif
wdwfqdwfoGm;ygawmhw,f/ tm;vHk;[m tmap;xnfUcH&ovdk tvefUwMum;
ESifh bmrSrajymEdkifawmhygbl;/
OD;oef;a½TBuD; ajymvdkufwmuawmh wpfcGef;xJyg/

]]rkom0g'}} wJhAsm...../
(wifjyol-  peterhein1983  ) 

Myanmar Fashion 

oHvHk;ESifha&pufygaom EdkifiHNcm;om;tm; NrdKUwGif;odkUvdkufvHydkUaqmifay;&ef
MuHKMudKufvmavonf/ yltdkufaomaEG&moD NzpfaeaomaMumifh EdkifiHNcm;om;
u ...
]]

rif;wdkUvlrsdK;awG

ylNyif;rIudktHwkovdk

igvJvdkufvkyfrSNzpfawmhr,f?

igb,fvdk'DZdkif;vkyf&rvJqdkwm aNymNyprf;ygOD;uGm }}
oHvHk;u
]] ryklygeJU uRefawmfNyr,f...? a[m'DrsufrSefrnf;MuD;udkwyfvdkuf 'g[m
aeumrsufrSefr[kwfbl;

txuf?

atmuf?

ab;rSm

bmawGNzpfaevJ

rNrif&awmhyJ cifAsm;vufwpfurf;udkyJ pl;pdkufMunfh&awmhr,f/ NyD;&if a[m'D
mp3 player

av;udk em;axmifaevdkuf? txuf? atmuf? ab;u vl

awGbmawGaNymaevJ bmrSrMum;awmhbl;/ a[m'D yDauawGudk tqufrNywf
0g;NyD; armf&ifndKvdk apm'urwufbJ zm*lqefvdk wdwfwdwfav;aevdkuf/
29

'gqdkcifAsm; &efenf;oGm;r,f/ aemufqHk;taeeJU a[movdkav; acgif;uae
a&avmif;vdkuf? ylwJh'PfudkcHEdkifoGm;NyD }}
qdkNyD;

EdkifiHNcm;om;acgif;uae

a&avmif;csvdkufw,f/

cPaeawmh

EdkifiHNcm;om;u [wfcsD; . . [wfcsD; eJUacsNyD; ESmawGydwfvma&m/ 'DawmhrS
oHvHk;u
]] tm;vHk;tdkauoGm;NyD? vmoGm;r,f? 'DvdkrsdK;omqdk NrefrmNynfwESHUwvsm;
cifAsm; oGm;csifwJhqDoGm;NyD; awGUcsifwJholeJU awGUvdkU&NyD }} qdkNyD;ac:oGm;
ygawmhw,f/ 

( wifjyol-  Flame of Passion ) 

tdkb,fhbDueD&,f? apmifh&wmarmvGef;vSbd . . .
tNidrf;pm&if;udkifMuD;ESifh acwfa[mif;EdkifiHa&;orm;MuD;wdkU tv’myov’my
aNymaeMuonf/ tNidrf;pm;pm&if;udkifMuD;r
]] 'geJU cifAsm; [dk[moav;Mum;zl;vm;? pm&if;Z,m;qdkwm bDueDeJU
wlw,fqdkwmav }}
EdkifiHa&;orm;a[mif;MuD;u
]] rMum;zl;bl;? 'gayr,fh uRefawmfhtNrifawmh bDueD[m pm&if;xufpm&if
tpdk;&tzGJUeJU ydkwlw,fxifwmyJ/ bmawGudkzHk;uG,fxm;vJvdkY tm;vHk;u
*&kwpdkuf apmifhMunfhaew,fxifayr,fh trSefrSmawmh b,fawmhuRwfNyD;
NyKwfusrSmvJvdkU apmifharQmfaeMuwm }} 
( wifjyol-  Flame of Passion )

30

NrefrmNynf Nyoem aNz&Sif;enf;
waeYaomtcg tv’gt&SifNrwf&,f? a,&SKc&pfawmf&,f? oMum;rif;OD;rmC
wkdYu urÇmhNidrf;csrf;a&;twGuf awGYqkHaqG;aEG;cJhMuw,f/ oabmwlnDcsuf
awG &cJhMuw,f/ tv’mt&SifNrwfu tkdprmbifvm'ifukd oGm;awGYr,f/
c&pfawmfu or®w bk&Sfukd aNzmif;zsr,f/ OD;rmC uawmh AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;ukd
wm0ef,l&r,fwJh/
'geJY bmomMuD; (3)ck&Jh wefcdk;&SifawGu &ufaumif;&ufNrwf a&G;NyD;oumv
urÇmausmf tMurf;zuform; (3)OD; eJYawGYMuw,f/ awGYwJhae&mu [dr0E¬åm
awmifaNcu vSkKdPf*lwpfckrSmyg/ taESmifht,Sufr&dS pum;aNymvkdY&atmif
0ifaygufrSm vkHNcKHa&;tapmifhawG csxm;vkdufw,f/
tJovkdeJYawGYMuNyD; ( 3 )em&DtMumrSm c&pfawmfu or®wbk&fSeJYtwl *lxJu
ae xGufvmw,f/ c&pfawmfu NyKH;aew,f/ bk&Sfuawmh tuRwfw&m;
&oGm;[ef&dSygw,f/
tapmifhrsm; / aqG;aEG;yGJ taNctae b,fvkd&dSygovJ t&Sif/
c&pfawmf / tcktcsdefupNyD; ppfyGJawG &yfpJawmhr,f/ or®wbk&fSu Nidrf;csrf;
a&;&Jhwefzkd;ukd owdxm;rdoGm;NyD/
aemufxyf ( 3 ) em&DtMumrSm tv’mt&SifNrwfu *lxJuae xGufvmw,f/

31

bifvm'ifvnf; ygvmw,f/ bifvm'ifykHpHu tv’mukd ydkíydkí &dkao
av;pm;ae[ef ay:vGifaew,f/
tapmifhrsm; / aqG;aEG;yGJ taNctae b,fvkd&dSygovJ t&Sif/
tv’m / bifvm'ifukd vlaumif;olaumif;Nzpfatmif aNymif;vJvkdufEkdifygNyD/
tcktcsdefupNyD; ol[m tMurf;zufvkyfief;awGeJY ygwfoufawmhrSm r[kwf
ygbl;/
aemufxyf ( 3 ) em&D tMumrSmawmh AkdvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;oef;a&G *lxJuae
xGufvmw,f/

a'gowaxmif;axmif;eJYaygh/

olYaemufrSm

OD;rmCMuD;

pdwfysufvufysufeJY/
tapmifhrsm; / b,fvkdNzpfwmvJ t&Sif/
OD;rmC / NrefrmNynfrSm Nidrf;csrf;zdkYvkdNyDqkdwJhtaMumif; oef;a&Gukd wwfEkdif
oavmuf em;csygw,fuGm/ 'Dawmh olu ighukd yk'fr 5(n) t& tNypf&dS
w,fvkdY pGwfpGJygava&m/ tckighudk tif;pdefaxmifykdYrvkdY wJhuGm/ 
( wifjyol-  exotic )

32

armf'efoMum;rif;
waeYaomtcg oDv?orm"d eJY NynfhpkHwJh vlwpfa,mufukd oMum;rif;u
zdwfNyD; Adrmefukd ac:Nyw,f/ xl;qef;vkdufykHuawmh oMum;rif;&Jhtcef;xJrSm
em&DawG awmifykH&mykHygyJ/ em&Dqkdifawmif olYtcef;avmufem&DawG rrsm;
avmufbl;/ 
“oMum;rif; ....... 'Dem&DawGu bmvkyfwmvJ” qkdawmh vdrfaNym? nmaNymwJh
olawGukd rSwfxm;wmqkdyJ/ 
“[m...oMum;rif;u acG;om;a&yk&ykdufeJY a&;rSwfw,fqkd....”  vkdYaNymvkduf
awmh... 
“atmifrm... bmrSwfaevJ/ armf'efoMum;rif;...uG ES,fES,f&& rSwfvkdY/
vlwpfa,mufpDtwGuf em&DwpfvkH;csif;pDeJY rSwfwm/ wpfcgvdrfaNym&if
puúefYwHu wpfcga&GYw,f/ q,fcgvdrfaNym&if q,fcga&GYw,fayghuGm...” 
wJh/
w,f[kwfyghvm;/ 
“'geJY ... oMum;rif; ....... a[m [dkem&Du puúefYwHawG a&GYaeygvm;As..” 
qdkawmh .../ 
“tJ'g... um;yGJpm; em&DuG” wJh/ 
“[dkem&DuaumAs.... wpfpuúefYNyD; wpfpuúefY a&GYaeygvm;” 
“tJ'g... Nrefrmh&kyfNrifoHMum; owif;aMuNimwJhvl&Jh em&D..” wJh/

33

“a[mAsm.../ [kdem&DMuD;Muawmh yifhultdrfawGawmif wufNyD; &yfaeyghvm;As/
b,folYem&Dwkef;” 
“tJ'g... omrnq&mawmfMuD; &Jh em&DuG” 
“pum;rpyf? A[kokwaygh oMum;rif;MuD;&,f..../ AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;oef;a&T&Jh
em&D ua&mAsm...” vkdYvnf;ar;a&m ... oMum;rif;MuD;u... 
“[m .... olYem&DMuD;u vnfvGef;vdkY.. yefumvkyfxm;&w,f” ....wJhAsm; / /
( rkd;rc rS ul;,lNyD; teJi,f NyifqifazmfNyxm;Ncif;yg ) 
( wifjyol-  exotic ) 

'gawmYrjzpfbl;
tdkqmrmbifvm'if wpfa,muf tar&duef&JU&efu ajy;&if;eJU jrefrmEdkifiH
wGif EdkifiHa&;cdkvIHcGifh,l&ef qHk;jzwfvdkufygw,fwJh/ tar&duef&JU &efol
jzpfwmcsif; wlaewJhtwGuf jrefrmjynfujzifh olYtwGufawmh vHkNcHKrI
ay;Edkifr,f xifraygh/
tJ'geJU tdkqmrmeJU bbBuD; aqG;aEG;Muawmh? tqifawmfawmfajyygw,fwJh/
bbBuD;uvnf; jrefrmjynfrSmvmae&if tar&duefu vufzsm;eJUawmif
rxdap&bl;? tmrcHw,f bmnmaygh/ 'gayr,fh aemufqHk;wpfcsufrSm
tdkqmrmu

b,fvdkrS

vufrcHEdkifvdkY

34 

aqG;aEG;yGJ

ysufoGm;&ygowJh/

tJ'guawmh tdkqmrmu BuHUzGHUtoif;xJ 0if&rSmqdkwmygyJ/
( wifjyol- armifbwf )

bmom ysufrSmpdk;
bbBuD;wpfa,muf

tar&duef&JU&efu

ajy;&if;eJU

tmz*efepöwefwGif

EkdifiHa&;ckdvIHcGifh,l&ef qkHk;jzwfvkdufygw,fwJh/ tar&duefeJU &efoljzpfwmcsif;
wlaeojzifh tmz*efepöwefujzifh olUtwGuf vHkNcHKrIay;Edkifr,fxifraygh/
'geJU bbBuD;eJU tkdqmrmaqG;aEG;Muawmh tqifawmfawmfajyygw,fwJh/
tkdqmrmuvnf; tmz*efepöwefrSmvmae&if tar&duefu vufzsm;eJUawmif
rxdap&bl;? tmrcHw,f bmnmaygh/ bbBuD;uvnf; olUrSm ygvmr,fh
a':vmoef;aygif;rsm;pGmudk

tkdqmrmudk

pdwfBudKuf

cGJay;yghr,faygh/

'gayr,fh aemufqHk;wpfcsufrSm tdkqmrmu b,fvdkrS vufrcHEdkifvdkY
aqG;aEG;yGJ ysufoGm;&ygowJh/
tJ'guawmh OD;jrifharmifudk omoema&;0efBuD;cefUay;&r,f qdkwmygyJ/ 
(  wifjyol-  botchan )

35

MuufqlqD
a&TjrefjynfrSm

a&TOmPfawmfpl;a&mufjyD;

MuufqlqDuae

avmifpmqD

jzpfatmif vkyfaewm Mum;zl;MurSmaygh/
usaemfwdkYjrdKYrSm MuufqlqDuae pufoHk;qDtjzpfoHk;vdkY &jyD;qdkwJho&kyfjyyGJ
&Sif;vif;yGJvkyfw,f/ wdkif;rI;udk,fwdkifvmMunfhwmav/ jrefrmhtoHuvnf;
wDAGDvm&dkufw,f/

yGJvnf;pa&m

MuufqlqDxnfh

w&kyfeDvdkYac:wJh

aqGrsdK;aygufaz:EdkifiHu rD;pufxJxnfhjyD;awmh rD;xGef;jyrvdkYayghAsm/ pufxJ
qDxnfhjyD;

pufEdI;wm

rEdk;bl;jzpfaew,f/

wdkifrI;uvnf;

aocsmudk

Munfhaewm qdkawmh ya&m*sufwm0efcH AdIvfrI;MuD;u pufEdI;aewJhvludk ....... 
“acG;rom; 'DZ,fxnfhvdkuf? 'DZ,fxnfhvdkufqdkjyD; wdwfwdwfav;tHMudwfjyD;
ajymwm” 
'DZ,fvnf;xnfhvdkufa&m

rD;cdk;trJawG

Asm....../ 
( wifjyol-  Big Boy )

36

xGufvmjyD;

pufvnfoGm;a&m

[dkxJrSm
raeUu pvHk;rSma&mufaewJh nDrwpf0rf;uGJav;eJU zkef;ajymjzpfMuw,f/ olu
a&SUvxJrSm bef;ausmf ( jrefrmjynf ) jyefrSm/ ol[dkrSm&Sdaewkef; usaemf
uvnf;jyefrSmqdkawmh oluvmMudKr,fwJh/ usaemfuajymw,f... 
“at;[m.. avqdyfuae tdrfyJa&mufrvm;? [dkxJyJ wdkuf&dkufa&mufoGm;
rvm;rodbl;”...vdkUajymawmh? oluckvdktm;ay;ygw,f/ 
“[m...aumif;wmaygh... rMuD;&m? [dkxJrSmq&mawmfawGzl;&wmayghwJ”h.....uJ/
( wifjyol-  Mya  )
jrifMunfYvdkufyg
tJ'D pvHk;unDrav;yJ/ [dk pdefr*FvmaqmifacG xGufpwkef;u vlawG
uvnf;t&rf;ajymMu/

'Duvnf;MunfhcsifvSjyD/

'Dudkvnf;ra&mufao;/

tJ'golu bef;ausmfuaejyefa&mufcgp? tacGudkoluMunfhvmcJhwmav/
olUudkzkef;qufjyD; tacGtaMumif;ar;wmaygh/ 'Dbufuvluom [yfxdk;
vdkufar;ae&wm? olurajymcsifovdk ajymcsifovdk? jyD;awmhajymao;wm...
usaemfjzifh qHk;atmifawmifrMunfhcJhygbl;... ? rsufESmawGjrif&wm usufoa&
r&SdvdkU..wJh/ usaemfuvnf;ar;rdjyefa&m/  “owdkUorD;ua&m vSvm;”  vdkU
qdkawmh...

37

“olYtazMuD;udk *g0eftjzLMuD; 0wfay;xm;wJhyHkudkom rsufpdxJjrifMunfhvdkuf
aygh rMuD;&m”... wJh/
( wifjyol-  Mya  )

NyD;cgprdkU
yk*vdu [kdw,fpDrHudef; wcktwGuf AdkvfrI;BuD;wOD; vma&mufrnfjzpfaom
aMumifh jymwmwdkU jym&mcwfaeMuonf/ reufapmapmxJu jym&mcwf
ae&aomaMumifh tawmfav;t&Sdef&aeMuonf/ owfrSwfxm;aom tcsdefem;
uyfvmonf/ ydkif&SifrS jymwmrefae*smudkar;vdkufonf/
]]a[h ppfaq;a&;awGrvmao;ygvm;uG}}
t&ifuqdk tpnf;ta0;rwdkifcif ppfaq;a&;qdkaom [kdvSef'DvSef a0guD
awmfuDESifhvlwcsdKU vma&mufwwfaomaMumifh ar;&jcif;jzpfonf/
jymwmrefae*smrSm ]]vmrSmygapmao;vdkUyg q&m}} [kjyefajymonf/
wcP . . .
a[ma&mufvmMuonf/ rqvm*spfuav; wpD;wnf; 0ifvmonf/

38 

um;ay:rS ukwfacsmif;acsmif;jzifh qif;vmonf/ &Ha&Gawmf av;a,muf
avmufjzifh ...
ydkif&SifrS ]] q&mwdkU &Smp&m&Sd jrefjref&SmMuyg AdkvfrI;BuD;awmfMum vmawmhrSm}}
[kqdkum wHcg;zGifhay;vdkufonf/
xdkolonf AdkvfcsLyfrI;BuD;xdkifckHwGif xdkifvdkufonf/ 'DawmhrS olESifhtwl
ygvmaom Adkvfav;u ydkif&Sifudk ajymavonf/
]] tJ'gAdkvfrI;BuD;cifAs }}
'DvdkeJU

yGJNyD;vdkU

tm;vkH;jyefoGm;MuawmY

ydkif&Sifu

jymwmrefae*smudk

ar;vdkufonf/
]] b,fvdkjzpfwmvnf;uGm t&ifuqdk wcrf;wem;vmwmr[kwfvm; }}
jymwmrefae*sm jyefajzvdkufonf/
]] pufwifbm NyD;cgprdkUyg q&m }} wJh/
rSwfcsuf/ / pufwifbm ta&;tcif;tNyD; ykef;vQdKuG,fvQdK; tcsdef/
( wifjyol-  nelayne  )

39

vdSsKY0SufcsufaygufMum;rI
qkdAD,uftifyg,mBuD; wnf&SdpOfumv? waeh oufBuD;&G,ftkd wpfa,muf
armfpukdjrdKh vrf;rv,fwGif avSsmufí atmfaeonf/ olatmfonfrSm ...
" wkdif;jynfukd tkyfcsKyfwJh aumifawGtm;vHk; acgif;(OD;aESmuf)r&Sdbl; "
rBumyg xHk;pHtwkdif; olYhukd au*sDAD axmufvSef;a&;rsm; zrf;oGm;\/
aemufqHk; w&m;&Hk;rS Bum;emppfaq;jyD; axmif'Pf 15 ESpfcsvkdufonf/
jypf'Pf tao;pdwfrSm ...
ol\ pum; " wkdif;jynfukd tkyfcsKyfwJhaumifawGtm;vHk; acgif;(OD;aESmuf)
r&Sdbl; " twGuf axmif'Pf 1 ESpf?
tJ ... wkdif;jynf\ xdyfwef;vdSsKY0SufcsufaygufBum;jcif;twGuf axmif'Pf
14 ESpf ... wJh/
( wifjyol- Zulu  )
udkZl;vl;&JU [moav;udk qufxm;wm &Sdao;vdkUyg... tJ'D vludk axmif 15
ESpfcsvdkufayr,fh aemuf 3 ESpfavmufaeawmh jyefvTwfay;vdkufygw,f...
bmvdkUvJqdkawmh " wkdif;jynfukdtkyfcsKyfwJh

aumifawGtm;vHk; acgif;

(OD;aESmuf)r&Sdbl; " qdkwJhudpö[m tJ'DtcsdefrSm (aemuf 3ESpftMumrSm)
40

EdkifiHawmf xdyfwef;vQdKU0Sufcsuf r[kwfawmhvdkUygwJh... ( jynfolawG tm;vHk;
vufcHvdkufNyDav )
( wifjyol- solidsnake  )

tcGifYta&;
aemufwpfcku &k&Swpfa,mufu jyefajymjyjcif;yg/
qkdAD,uf,leD,H tcsdefumv? waeh armfpukdjrdKh puf&Hkwckokdh tar&duef
EkdifiHom; wpfa,muf a&mufvmjyD;? &k&S tvkyform;wpfa,muf ESifh
pum;vufqHk us\/
tar&duef " rif;wkdY &k&SawGu igwkdY tar&duefawGvkd or®w raumif;&if
raumif;bl;vkdY zGifhajymvkdh&vm;/ or®w tdrfjzLawmfa&ShrSm atmfvkdY&vm; "

&k&S "r&bl;"/
tar&duef

"rif;wkdh&k&SawG

igwkdYvkd

'Drdkua&pD&Sdvm;"
&k&S "r&Sdbl;"/
41

vlhtcGifhta&;

tjynfht0&Sdvm;?

tqHk; &k&Su jyefajym\/
&k&S " rif;wkdh tar&duefawG igwkdY &k&Sm;awGvdk puf&HkvmjyD;? tckvkd tvkyf
aumif;aumif; rvkyfvkdY &vm;"
tar&duef "[ vkyfvkdYr&bl;uG/"

&k&S "rif;wkdYtar&duefawG igwkdY &k&SawGvkd tvkyftcsdefrSm tjyifxGuf?
aq;vdyfaomuf? vzuf&nf aomufvkdY&vm;/"

tar&duef " [m 'Dvkdvnf; vkyfvkdYr&bl;uGm/"
&k&S "rif;wkdYtar&duefawG igwkdY&k&SawGvkd? tvkyfukd zdzdpD;pD; aumif;aumif;
rvkyfbJ vukef&if vkyftm;ctjynfht0&vm;/"

tar&duef "'grsdK;vnf; r&bl;uG/ igwkdY ukd,fvkyf&if vkyfoavmuf
bJ&wm/"
&k&S "awGYvm; rif;wkdY tar&duefawGvkyfvkdYr&wm igwkdY tukef&w,f/"
( wifjyol- Zulu  )
42

EdkifiHawmfqdkwm
AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;oef;a&Tu wyfrawmfaeYwdkif; rdefYcGef;ajymMum;jrJjzpfav\/ 
“&JabmfwdkY igwdkY[m EdkifiHawmf wdk;wufMuD;yGm;zdkY udk,fpGrf;&dSorSs OmPfpGrf;
&dSorSs aqmif&GufMu&rSmyJ jzpfw,f/” 
ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm Mumvm\/
xdktawmtwGif; AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;\wynfYom;ajr;rsm;rSm q,foufpm;rukef
atmif? csrf;omoGm;Muav\/ wdkif;jynfum; qif;&JrGJawvsufyif/
aemufqHk;wGif jynfolwdkYrSm atmufygtwdkif; jiD;jiLvdkYom ae&ygawmYonf/ 
“ atmf ... EdkifiHawmfqdkwm olwdkYudk,fudkolwdkY ajymwmudk; ...” 
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

43

rJay;jcif;
qE´cH,lyGJ usif;ya&;twGuf wm0ef&Sd yk*d¾Kvfrsm;udk owif;axmufrsm;rS
ar;jref;aeMuonf/
axmuf/ / tckusif;yr,fh qE´´cH,lyGJrSm rJvdrfr,fvdkY owif;awG us,fus,f
jyefYjyefY ay: xGufaeygw,f ... tJ'geJ hywfoufjyD; &Sif;jyay;ygvm; cifAsm
...
wm0efcH/ / r[kwf&ygbl;cifAsm ... rJvdrfzdkYtpDtpOf vHk;0r&Sdygbl;/ csrSwf
xm;wJh Oya'rsm;eJYtnD usif;yay;oGm;rSmyg/
axmuf/ / aMomf [kwfuJh ... b,fvdkrsm; rJay;&rSmvJ cifAsm ....
wm0efcH/ / yxrOD;pGm rJ&HkrSm rJay;zdk hpm&if;ay;jyD; rJpm&Gufudk &,l&ygr,f/
axmufcHr,fqdk&ifawmh owfrSwfxm;wJh tuGufrSm trSefuav; jcpfvdkuf
&HkygyJ/ odyfvG,fygw,f/
axmuf/ / uefYuGufrJeJYywfowfjyD;awmh &Sif;jyay;ygOD;/
wm0efcH/ / tJ'geJYywfoufjyD;awmh usaemfhrSm ajymydkifcGifhr&Sdygbl;/ odcsif&if
txufudk tpD&ifcHay;yghr,f ....
axmuf/ / [kwfuJh ... y,frJudka&m b,fvdk owfrSwfygovJ ...
wm0efcH/ / Muufajccwfjcpfxm;wJh rJawGudk y,frJ tjzpfowfrSwfygw,f
cifAs ....
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

44

aA'ifa[mjcif;
aA'ifq&m OD;a&Tonf emrnfausmfwpfOD; jzpfonf/ wynhfav;rsm;pGm\
0dkif;0ef;ynm,lrIudk cH&oljzpfonf/
wae h- vlwOD; 0ifvmonf/
q&m / / uJ emrnfav; ajymygOD; ...
ar;ol/ / ]] ----}}
q&m/ / aMomf ... we*FaEGom;yJ ... cifAsm; MuD;yGm;udef;jrifw,f/
we*FaEGeH eJ hpwJh EdkifiHMuD; wpfEdkifiH&J hoH&Hk;a&S hrSm pm&Gufw&Gufudk udkifjyD;
vrf;avSsmuf&if aiG tpkvdkuf tjyHKvdkuf0ifjyD; emrnfausmfr,f/ tMuD;tuJ
awG&JY Munfh&I apmifrrIudk &vdrfhr,f ....
xkdol xGufoGm;jyD; aemufwpfOD; 0ifvmjyefonf/
q&m/ / uJ emrnfav; ajymygOD; ...
ar;ol/ / ]] -----}}
q&m/

/

aMomf

...

we*FaEGom;yJ

...

cifAsm;

owdxm;&r,f/

we*FaEGeH eJ hpwJh EdkifiHMuD; wpfEdkifiH&J hoH&Hk;a&S hrSm pm&Gufw&Gufudk udkifjyD;
45

vrf;avSsmuf&if tMuD;tus,f 'ku©awGYvdrfYr,f/ tzrf;tqD;jrifw,f/
axmifwef; usudef;&Sdw,f/ tMuD;tuJawG trsuf&Svdrfh r,f ....
xdkol xGufoGm;jyD;aemuf ....
wynfhrsm;u 0dkif;jyD; ar;Muavonf/
wynfhrsm;/ /q&m emrnfav;yJ ar;jyD; b,fvdk a[mvdkufwmvJ ...
we*FaEGom;csif; twlwl a[mcsufu vHk;0 qefYusifaew,faemf ...
j*dKvfpD; j*dKvfeif;aMumifhrsm;vm;/
q&m/ / tif; - rif;wdkYeJYrvJ cufygw,f/ aA'ifa[mw,fqdkwm
jyifyA[kokwav;vJ &Sd&w,fuG ... yxrvl emrnfu udkat;vGif wJ h/
'kwd,vlu OD;tkef;oef; wJhuGm .... ig bmrS rwGufbl; .. emrnfMunhfjyD;
a[mvdkufwmyJ .....
( wifjyol-  Clinton  )

46

20 &mpkbbrSL;MuD;&JUtqdk/
igwdkUt&ifuqdk wdkufyJGtvDvDrSm tEdkif&wm &rfbdkvdk pdwfrsdK;eJU taocH
wdkufcJhwmuG...
om;awmfwdkUvnf; wdkufyGJwpfyJGudk &rfbdkvdkpdwfrsdK;arG;jyD; wdkuf&if EkdifudkEdkif
&r,fuG..../

21 &mpkbbrSL;MuD;&JUtqdk/
om;awmfwdkU.... &rfbdkvdk pdwfrsdK;arG;&if... tbwdkUwyfu vHk;0vufrcHbl;
aemf...[Gef;/
awoGm;r,f..../ bmrSwfaevJ/ %$^#^*!@@@*(*^^$
( wifjyol- GeneralBoz  )

47

“[,f ... 'gawmY ...” 
waeYoü “bdk;awmf rif;rw&m;MuD;”onf rdrd\ aejynfawmfopfMuD; rnfrSs
pnfum;om,maeoenf; qdkonfudk odvdkaomaMumifY trwfMuD; OD;ay:&l;
tm; ac:í ar;jref;awmfrl\/
bdk;awmf/

/ “[JY? ay:&l;? igudk,fawmfjrwf aejynfawmfopfMuD;&JY vuf&dS

tajctaeudk odvdkawmfrlw,f/ armifrif; odoavmuf avSsmufwifprf;/” 
OD;ay:&l;/

/  “rSefvSyg? bkef;awmfaMumifY t&SifYaejynfawmfMuD;[m

ewfjynfeJYrSm;avmufatmif pnfum; om,m0ajym aejyDjzpfaMumif;yg/” 
bdk;awmf/

/  “tdrf;? igudk,fawmf tm;&awmfrlvSouG,f? tus,fo0ifY

&Sif;vif; avSsmufwifOD;avmY trwfMuD;/” 
OD;ay:&l;/ /  “rSefvSyg? &Hk;awmfrsm; tm;vHk;udk &efukefrS a&TYvmjyD;aMumif;
yg/ &efukefyd#uwfwdkufMuD;rS pmtkyftm;vHk;udk o,f,ljyD; aejynfawmf
yd#uwfwdkufopfMuD;tjzpf

wnfaxmifjyD;aMumif;yg/

&efukefwd&pämef&HkrS

wd&pämefrsm;udkvnf; aejynfawmfwd&pämefO,smOfodkY ajymif;a&TYxm;&m tawmf
pHkpHkvifvif &dSaeygjyD ... zsmY/” 
bdk;awmf/

/ “rD;rsm;aum rSef&JYvm;uGJY/”

48 

OD;ay:&l;/

/  “rSefvSyg? &efukefjrdKY&JY vSsyfppfrD;cGJwrf;rsm;udk avSsmYjyD;

aejynfawmfudk vSsyfppfrD; xdefxdefnD;ap&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif;yg” 

bdk;awmf/

OD;ay:&l;/

/ “udk;uG,fzdkY twGufaum ...” 

/ “rSefvSyg? &efukefu a&Twd*Hkbk&m;MuD;udkvnf; 'Dudk a&TYvmzdkY

MuH&G,f xm;ygw,f... zsmY” 

bdk;awmf/

/ “aumif;ouG,f? aemufjyD; igYvlawGzdkY aysmfp&m yg;p&mawG

pDpOfay;zdkYvnf; rusefapeJYOD;uGJY/” 
OD;ay:&l;/

/ “rSefvSyg? &efukefrSm&dSwJY tEdSyfcef;rsm;udkvnf; Zdrfr,frsm;yg

rusefcJYavatmif ajymif;vmcJYcdkif;jyD;ygjyD ...zsmY/” 
bdk;awmf/

/ “[,f ... 'gawmY topfav;awG &Smcdkif;vuG,f ...” 

( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

49

bbMuD;aus;Zl;
cv& ( ) \ wyfom;opf oifwef;qif;yGJwGifjzpfonf/ tcrf;tem;
tpDtpOfwGif qk&&Sdaom oifwef;om;rsm;rS BuGa&mufvmaom {nfhonf
awmfrsm;ukd aus;Zlwifpum; jyefvnfajymBum;&ef tpDtpOfvnf; xnfhoGif;
xm;\/ oifwef;rqif;rDuwnf;u oifwef;rI;u qk&&Sdaom &Jabmfrsm;ukd
4if;wkdY aus;Zl;wifpum; ajymBum;&mwGif tbBuD; (AkdvfcsKyfrI;BuD;) \
*kPfaus;Zl;aBumifh 4if;wkdY ,ckuJhodkY xl;csGefxufjrufolrsm; jzpfvm&aBumif;
rjzpfrae xnfhoGif;ajymBum;&ef trdefYcsxm;\/
oifwef;qif;aomaeY/
yxr ... taumif;qHk;pHjyqk&&Sdaom oifwef;om; atmifjrifhu 
“usaemf ,ckvkd pHjyqk&&Sdjcif;[m tbBuD;&Jh *kPfaus;Zl;aBumifhjzpfygw,f/
usaemf bmbJvkyfvkyf tbBuD;ukd tjrJESvHk;oGif;jyD; vkyfwJhtwGuf tckvkd
pHjyqk &&Sdjcif;jzpfygw,f/” 
vufckyfoHrsm; wajzmif;ajzmif; ...
aemufwpfa,muf? pmayxl;csGefqk&oifwef;om; oef;Ekdif 
“usaemf tckvkd pmayxl;csGefqk &&Sdjcif;[m tbBuD;&Jh *kPfaus;Zl;aBumifh
jzpfygw,f/ usaemf pmay oifcef;pmawG avhvmrSwfom; oif,lwJhae&mrSm
50

tbBuD;ukd tjrJESvHk;oGif;wJhtwGuf tckvkd pmayxl;cGsefqk&&Sdjcif; jzpfyg
w,f/” 
vufckyfoHrsm; a&SYutwkdif; ...
aemufqHk;wpfa,muf? vufajzmifhtaumif;qHk;qk& oifwef;om; armifwl; 
“usaemf tckvkd vufajzmifhtaumif;qHk;qk &&Sdjcif;[m tbBuD;&JY*kPfaus;Zl;
aBumifhjzpfygw,f/ tJh'DaeYu usaemfypfrJhypfrSwfpuf0kdif;&JY tvnfwnfhwnfh
rSm tbBuD;&JYyHk ay:vmvkdYygbJ/” 
vufckyfoHrsm; apmapmuxuf ykdjyD; qlnHoGm;onf/
rBumrD armifwl; wyf&if;rS aysmufoGm;avonf/
( wifjyol-  Zulu  )

ynma&;pepfopf
bef;ausmfa&TEdkifiHBuD;wGif wuúúodkvfBuD; 1001 ckwnfNyD;? ynma&;udk pvkH;?
,yufvuf wdkYudkomru qvdrf (qdkrmvD,m) &aumuf (&0rf'g)
wdkYudktrSDvkdufEdkif BudK;pm;aecsdef ..

51

*sKyfBuD;/ / tdrf; .. igYEdkifiHawmfw0Srf;u wuúúodkvfBuD; 1001 ckrSm
rsdK;qufopf rD;cJjymzkH;av;awG ay:xGuf&JUvm; ynm0efBuD;/
ynm0efBuD;/ / “*sKyfBuD;wdkYzkef; rdk;odkYcsKef; ayG;ykef;aygifrSm raeom” qdkovdk
rD;cJjymzkef;av;awG tajrmuftrsm; awGY&Sdxm;aMumif;yg ..
*sKyfBuD;/ / at; ... at; ... awGY&if a&avmif;xm;vdkuf? rawmf
xawmufaeOD;r,f/
(þwGif rD;cJa&avmif; ynma&;pepfBuD; ay: xGef;vmownf;/ )
( wifjyol-  cohtet  )

Edk;wJYol owdxm; 
Vote  No  ,  Vote  No 

MuHYzGYHawGuvnf; 

No 

eJY jynfolawG&JYtoHawG xGufvmawmY &0wawG?
wJYolawGudk rJ&HkawGrSm uifr&mawGwyfxm;jyD;

rSwfxm;r,f/ od&ifrvG,fbl; qdkwJYavoHawGeJY &yfuGufxJrSm vdkufjyD;
jcdrf;ajcmufovdkvdk pnf;&Hk;aeovdkvdk vkyfMuowJY/
'DawmY eD;&m"m;aMumufaeMuwJY vlawGuvnf; olwdkYa&SYrSm  “  Edk;  ” 
qdkwYJpum; wdk;wdk;awmif r[ rdzdkY owdxm;aeMu&w,fqdkyJ/

52

wnrSm ...
&yfuGufuav; tdyfarmusp ...
oef;acgifausmfvdkY vlajcwdwfaewJYtcsdef ...
us,fus,favmifavmif atmfvdkufwJYtoHaMumifY vlawG tdyfaysmf&mu
vefYEdk;vmMu&owJY/ 

“a[Y ... 'D&yfuGufxJrSm Edk;wJYolawG &dSovm;uG” 
bk&m;

...

bk&m;?

MuHYzGHYawG

noef;acgifMuD;awmif

pnf;&Hk;a&;rsm;

qif;aeMuovm;aygY/ vlawGvnf; wHcg;aygufu tomacsmif;MunfY,if;
&ef&SmrSmpdk;vdkY toHawmifrxGuf0HYMubl;/ nMuD;rif;MuD; rl;jyD;&rf;aewJY
udk,fawmfu vrf;ay: rSm&yfjyD; tJovdkyJ xyfxyfatmfaeowJY/
twefMumvdkY olYudk wkHYjyefwJYtoH bmrSrMum;rS ... 

“at; ...tm;vHk;tdyfae&ifjyD;a&m? quftdyfMu? Edk;aewJYol&dS&if
igeJYawGYr,f ” vdkUMudrf;0g;jyD; xGufoGm;ygowJY/
atmf ... trl;orm;udkawmif aMumufaeMu&wJY b0ygvm;aemf/
( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

53

acG;rSr[kwfwm 
“rD'D,mudk rD'D,meJYwdkufr,f”  qdkwJY AdkvfcsKyfausmfqef;&JY r[mAsL[meJY
etzu rD'D,mwdkufyGJMuD; qifETJvmwm tawmft&dSef&aeygjyD/
tJ ... tckvnf; twdkuftcHawGu 
vkyfvmMuawmY

Vote  No  Campaigm 

awG

etzuvnf;  “urfydef;udkurfydef;eJYwdkufr,f”  qdkwm

xyfvkyfvmjyefa&mAs/ olwdkY&JY 

Vote  Yes  Campaign 

rSm yg0ifvIyf&Sm;

MuolawGuawmY xHk;pHtwdkif; &0wawG? MuHYzGYHawG? pGrf;tm;&SifawGyJaygY/
&yfuGufwckrSm MuHYzGHYwa,mufu  “Edk;”  orm;awGudk tm;usrcH jydKifjyD;? 
“&ufpf” “&ufpf” eJY vdkufajymvdkufwm? MumawmY pum;ryDEdkifawmYyJ “,uf” 
“,uf”  qdkjyD; jzpfoGm;owJY/ tJ'DrSm cyf&Gwf&Gwf olYbMuD;wa,mufeJY
awGYawmYwmyJ/
olu olYbMuD;udk “bMuD;vnf; ,uf&r,faemf” vdkYoGm;ajymrdwm ...
[dku bmjyefajymovJqdkawmY ... 
“[..aumif.. ,uf&atmif igu acG;rSr[kwfwm” ...wJY/
rSwfom;&ef /

/ acG;rsm;om (vSsmjzifY) vsufygonf/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

54

trdtrnf? tztrnf
qm*sifarmif\om;Nzpfol *sLeD,marmiftm; r'rfarmif ausmif;oGm;tyfonf?
avQmufvTmwGifa&;xm;aom tztrnf .......... ESifU trdtrnf ...... udk
NunfUNyD; q&mru r'rfarmifukd  “&l;aeovm;”  [kar;onf/ r'rfarmifu 
“q&mr owif;pmrzwfbl;vm;”  [kNyefar;vkdufonf/ cspfpGmaom pmzwf
y&dwfowfMuD;a&m

owif;pmzwfbl;ygu

r'rfarmifNznfUvdkufaom

*sLeD,marmif\ tztrnfESifUtrdtrnfudk odMurnfNzpfygonf?? tu,fí
rodao;yguþya[Vd\tajzudk pmrsufESm ( 56 ) wGif &SmMunfYMuyg/
arwåmcH,lvQuf
&wemarmif

bbMuD;&JU Mo0g' (jzpf&yfrSef)
&efukefjrdKUawmfrS aeylawmfodkU 0efMuD;XmeawGpjyD;ajymif;wJhtcsdefayghAsm...
taqmuftOD;topfawGrSm ae&mxdkifcif;pDpOf...a&TUvmwJhypönf;awG ae&mcs
vkyfaewkef;..
bbMuD;MuGvmw,fqdkawmh.... t&m&Sdtbdk;MuD;awGu vuftkyfrcsDcsifyJ...
csDjyD;...

55

bbMuD;&JUMo0g'udk cH,lcsifa,mifaqmifaepOfrSm....
bbMuD;&JU yg;pyfawmfrS 'Dvdkpum;ajymoGm;ygw,f....
rif;wdkUawG avmavmq,fysif;ae&if opfyifawGeJU pum;ajymaetHk;ayghuGm
.... wJh...
bbMuD;jyefMuGoGm;wJhtcsdefrSm.... t&m&Sdtbdk;MuD;awGu wpfa,mufrsufESm
wpfa,mufMunfhjyD;.... yg;pyfta[mif;om;eJU usef&pfcJhygw,f... t&m&Sd
tbdk;MuD;awG tm;vHk;u pdwfxJrSm....
aMomf... wdkif;jynftkyfcsKyf rif;vkyf aewm... 'DvdkvlMuD;ygvm;.... wJh..../ /
( wifjyol- GeneralBoz  )

udk&wemarmif&JY ya[Vdtajz
tztrnf - wyfrawmf
trdtrnf – wyfrawmf

56

bufrSm;vdkY
wdkif;jynftjuD;tuJwOD;onf

rdrd\emrnfeSifh*kPfudk

jrSifwifcsifonfh

twGuf udk,fhyHkudk wHqdyfacgif;tjzifh xkwfa0cJhonf/ xkwfa0jyD; wv
tjumwGif a&mif;tm;aumif;raumif; pmwdkufjuD;odkY udk,fwdkifoGm;a&muf
pHkprf;cJhonf/
tjuD;tuJ..... “ighyHkeJY wHqdyfacgif; a&mif;tm;aumif;vm;a[h” 
pmwdkufrSk;...... “aumif;ygw,f......'gayr,fh wHqdyfacgif;u? aumf odyfruyf
bl;vdkY ajymjuw,f/” 
tjuD;tuJ...... “rjzpfedkifwm” 
udk,fwdkif wHqdyfacgif;wckudk ,ljyD;? aemufausmudk wHaxG; axG;um
pmtdwfay:wGif uyfjunfhvdkufonf/
tjuD;tuJ........ “uyfwmrS jrJaewmyJ” 
pmwdkufrSk;....... “olwdkYu wHaxG;udk wHqdyfacgif;a&SYbufrSm axG;juvdkhyg/” 

( wifjyol-  xinyaw13  )

57

usK;ypfawGtwGufolaX;jzpfenf;
( uRefawmfMum;cJh&wJh tGefvdkif;u&w,fqdkwJh[moav;yg )
rSL;BuD;u oleJYausmif;aezufoli,fcsif;a[mif;oHk;a,mufudkawGUawmY ...
rSL;NuD;/

/]rif;wdkoHk;a,mufMunfU&wm odyftqifajyMuyHkray:bl;... ajym

...igbmulnD&rvJ}}
yxrwpfa,muf/ / ]ighudk um;wpfpD;avmufay;ygvm;uGm}
rSL;BuD;/

/]at;uGm rif;BudKufwJhum;wpfpD; ,loGm;vdkufuGm}

'kwd,wpfa,muf/
rSL;BuD;/

/ ]iguawmh tdrfwpfvHk;avmuf vdkcsifw,fuGm}

/ ]aumif;NyD ig pDpOfay;vdkufr,f}

wwd,wpfa,muf/

/ ]iguawmh odyfrvdkygbl;/ rif;"gwfyHkBuD;BuD;udk

abmifeJY vdkcsifw,fuGm}
rSL;BuD;/

/ ][ ... tqef;ygvm;/ aumif;NyDuGm ighyHkwpfckay;vdkufr,f}

tJ'Dvdk tultnDawGay;vdkufNyD; aemufajcmufvtMumrSm olUoli,fcsif;
oHk;a,mufeJYjyefqHkawmh?
um;awmif;wJholi,fcsif;u

um;a&mif;vdkufwJh

ydkufqHukefoGm;vdkU

t&iftwdkif;yJ jyefjzpfaew,f/
tdrfawmif;wJhvlvnf; t&iftwdkif;yJ tqifrajyjyefbl;/
xl;xl;jcm;jcm; "gwfyHkabmifeJUawmif;wJh oli,fcsif;u 0wfaumif;pm;aumif;
eJY um;awGzkef;awGeJY jzpfaewmawGY&w,f/ rSL;BuD;vnf; tHhMovdkU ar;Munfh
58

awmh? olu ]rif;rodcsifygeJUuGm igtqifajy&if rif;0rf;omayghuGm} vdkYyJ
ajymoGm;w,f/
rSL;BuD;odyfpdwf0ifpm;oGm;w,f/ aemufaeYusawmh olYwynfhwpfa,mufudk
oGm;pHkprf;cdkif;w,f/ olUwynfhjyefvmawmh ]olUtdrfoGm;Munfhwm awmfawmf
csrf;omwmudkawGU&w,f/ bmtvkyfvkyfvJ qdkwmrod&bl;/ tdrftaemuf
xJudk vlawG0if0ifoGm;wmyJ awGUcJhw,f} vdkYjyeftpD&ifcHw,f.../
rSL;BuD;u “rif;vnf;tdrftaemufxJvdkuf0ifNyD;pHk;prf;acs” vdkYcdkif;vdkufw,f/
tJ'Dawmh olYwynfhu tdrftaemufxJxd tjcm;olawGeJYvdkuf0ifoGm;awmh
vlawGtrsm;BuD;? wef;pDapmifhaewJhvlawGtrsm;BuD;yJ/
olUtvSnfha&mufawmh tcef;xJ0ifMunhfawmhrS........
tcef;Murf;jyifrSm rSL;NuD;&JY}"gwfyHkudkcsxm;w,f/ eH&HrSma&;xm;wmu...
1/ xdyfwHawG;eJUwkdUcsif&iff 5000
2/ zaemifheJUaygufcsif&if 10000
3/ ½SL;½SL;aygufcsif&if 30000
vdkYa&;xm;wmudk awGYvdkuf&ygw,f ...wJY/

( wifjyol- tu,f'rD )

59

'DaeY olr&l;yg/

wcgu

tjuD;tuJonf

pdwÅZaq;&Hkodkh

oGm;a&muf

junfh&IcJhonf/

aq;&Hk&Sdvlemrsm;u tjuD;tuJudk awGYonfeSifh..  “tjuD;tuJ usef;rmygap
...aeaumif;ygap....oufawmf&Snfygap...”  [k aumif;csD;ay;um judkqdkju
onf/ odkYaomf vlemwOD;rSm bmrSrajymbJ tjuD;tuJtm; rsufeSmvJTjyD;
aeonf/ tjuD;tuJu jrifaomf  “  'Dvlemu igYudkjrifwmawmif rjudkqdk
ygvm;” [k aq;&Hktkyftm; ar;vdkufonf/
aq;&Hktkyf jyefajzvdkufonfrSm  “  vlem&Jhpdwf 'DaeY tajctaeaumif;
aew,f ” [lownf;/
( wifjyol- xinyaw13  )

tm;vHk;aysmfMu&atmif

wpfcgu edkifiHawmftjuD;tuJ acgif;aqmifoHk;OD;[m &[wf,mOfpD;jyD; edkifiH
tajctaeudk avYvmzdkY vSnfhvnfcJhw,f/
yxr tjuD;tuJ  “  wu,fvdkY tckcsdefrSm igom aiGwpfaxmifwefwpf&Guf
ypfcsvdkuf&if aumuf&wJhvlu t&rf;aysmfrSmyJ”

60

'kwd, tjuD;tuJ  “  wu,fvdkY igom 500wefeSpf&Guf ypfcsvdkuf&if
vleSpfa,mufaysmf&r,f” 
wwd, tjuD;tuJ  “wu,fvdkh igom 10wefq,f&Guf ypfcsvdkuf&if
vlq,fa,muf aysmf&r,f” 
olwdkYtcsif;csif;

ajymaewJh

pum;udkjum;awmh

av,mOfrI;u

tckvdk

ajymvdkufowJh... 
“tjuD;tuJwdkh oHk;OD;vHk;om ckefcsvdkuf&if edkifiHrSm&SdwJh vlawGtm;vHk;
aysmfjurSmyJ” [lownf;/

( wifjyol- xinyaw13  )

uav;wdkYodwJY ol&Jaumif;

wpfcgu oGm;avol bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u rlvwef;ausmif;av;wpfausmif;ukd
rmvfwDrD'D,m

uvkdpfU&Grf;qdkvm;

zGifUyGJ&SdvdkUoGm;owJU/

zGifUyGJtNyD;rSm

ausmif;tkyfMuD;eJUtwl bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u ausmif;om;awGudk&if;&if;ESD;ESD;eJU
EIwfqufygowJU/
ausmif;ol?ausmif;om;awGuvnf; vuftkyfav;awGcsDNyD; bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;
qdkNyD;EIwfqufNueJUaygU/
61

tJ ... bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u b,fvdkpdwful;aygufoGm;w,frod? Nrefrm&mZ0if
xJu xif&Sm;ausmfMum;wJU ol&Jaumif;MuD;wpfa,mufavmuf aNymNyygOD;
vkdUar;owJU/
ausmif;om;? ausmif;olawGqDu bmoHrSrxGufvmawmU ausmif;tkyfMuD;
rsufESm[m qD;&GufavmufyJ&SdawmUowJU/
bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;/

/  “om;wdkUorD;wdkU arUaeMuw,fxifw,f/ bb

tpazmfay;r,f/ tJ'Dol&Jaumif;MuD;u "m;a&;vSHa&; uRrf;usifw,fav/
olemrnfu usef eJUpw,fav ...” 
qkdawmU ...
ausmif;om;av;wpfa,mufu olodw,fqkdwJY t"dyÜm,feJU vufaxmifNy
awmUrS ausmif;tkyfMuD;vJ &ifxJutvkH;MuD; usoGm;ygowJU/ 'gayrJU
bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;u  “om;od&if aNzprf;ygOD;uG”  vdkUaNymvdkufvdkU wynfU
Nzpfol&JUtaNzpum;udkMum;NyD; ausmif;tkyfMuD;a&m bbAdkvfcsKyfMuD;ygrsufESm
rnf;ueJ NzpfoGm;ygowJU/
armifnDrav;wdkUa&
ausmif;om;av;aNzvdkufwJU

Nrefrm&mZ0ifxJu

ol&Jaumif;MuD;wpfa,mufuawmU

xif&Sm;ausmfMum;wJU

usefausmif; ygwJUuG,f/

armifnDrav; wdkUvJ tJ'DNrefrmol&Jaumif;MuD;udk rarUMueJUaemf/ /

( wifjyol-  yadanarmg  )

62

pum;aNymaom AdkvfcsKyf

wpfcgaom

tcgu AkdvfcsKyfMuD;cifnGefY acwfaumif;pOftcguayghAsm/

w&uf AkdvfcsKyfMuD;u wyfrawmfaeYtwGuf Nyifqifxm;wJh awmfvSefa&;
yef;NcHukd vSnfhywfMunfh&SK ppfaq;aew,fwJh/ olwpfa,mufxJ pdwfvGwf
ukd,fvGwf Munfhae&if;rS AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; &kyfxka&SYa&mufvmygowJh/
&kwfw&uf ...
" a[haumif .. cifnGefY "
qkdwJhtoHxGufvmw,f/ &kwfw&uf olvnf; a'goxGufNyD; b,fol
ac:vnf;qkdNyD; [kda0hMunfh .. 'Da0hMunfheJaygh/ aemufrS olYukd ac:aewm
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; &kyfxkMuD;u Nzpfaeygyaum/ olvnf; &kyfxkMuD;ukd
aMumifawmifawmifeJY ai;Munfhaewkef; ... 
" a[haumif cifnGefY .. igtckvkd rwfwwf&yfaewm Mumawmh anmif;vmNyD/
rif;wkdYighukd av;pm;ao;w,fqkd&if ightwGuf Nrif;wpfaumif &Smay;yg "
vdkY ajymowJh/
tJh'geJYaemufawmh AkdvfcifnGefYvnf; AdkvfcsKyfausmuf&kyfu pum;aNymw,f
qdkwmudk csufcsif;yJ wyfcsKyfMuD; ukdoGm;owif;ay;wmaygh/ wyfcsKyfMuD;u
r,kH&Smbl;wJh/ ausmuf&kyfu pum;aNymwm rNzpfEkdifbl; .. bmbl;aygh/
tJh'geJY AdkvfcifnGefYuvnf; olYq&mukd . .q&mr,kH&if yef;NcHxJvkdufMunfhyg
.. ausmuf&kyfu pum;aNymaewmukd awGYvdrfhr,faygh/ aemufqkH;awmh
wyfcsKyfMuD;vnf; [kwfvkd[kwfnm; .. AdkvfcifnGefYac:&mukd vkdufoGm;w,f/

63

tJ

..

wyfcsKyfMuD;vnf;

ausmuf&kyfMuD;u

AkdvfcsKyf&kyfxka&SYvnf;

t&iftwkdif;yJ/

pum;vnf;

a&mufaum

raNymbl;wJh/

..

tJh'geJY

wyfcsKyfMuD;vnf; pdwfawGt&rf;qkd;NyD; AkdvfcifnGefYukd csufcsif; &mxl;u
tem;ay;vkdufw,f / ( r,kHr&SdeJY / AdkvfcifnGefY NyKwfwm tJh'gaMumifh .. )
aemufaeYMuawmh &mxl;u avmavmvwfvwf NyKwfxm;wJh AdkvfcifnGefY
wpfa,muf

a'geJYarmeJY

AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;aMu;&kyfqDukd

a&mufvmyg

a&mwJh/ a&mufa&mufcsif;yJ ... 
"  AkdvfcsKyfu uRefawmfhukd nmw,fAsm/ pum;aNymwwf&Jhom;eJY bmvkdY
raeYu pum;raNymNywmvJ "
wJh/ tJh'DrSm AdkvfcsKyfNyefaNymvkdufwmu ... 
" cifnGefY .. igu rif;ukd Nrif;wpfaumifyJ &Smckdif;vkdufwm/ rif;u EGm;MuD;
ac:vmwmukd;uG "
vkdY qdkygowJh/

( wifjyol-  exotic  )

64

'DvdkjrifrS trSefqHk;

'DaeU bwfum;ay:uae NrifcJU&wmav;yg/
tck avmavmq,f0wfMubdkU pufrI(1)uxkwfwJU wD&SyfawG aq;wHqdyf
&dkufaewmyg/ aq;a&mif&dkufxm;wmu trSefNcpf yHkMuD;yg/
'D trSefNcpf yHkMuD;u ? wD&Syfta&SUbufrSmvJ trSefNcpfMuD; ? wD&Syf
taemufbufrSmvJ ? trSefNcpfMuD; As ? tMuD;MuD;bJ/
'D wD&SyfawGudk aq;&dkuf ? a&avSsmfNyD; ? tNyifrSm wef;pD xkwfvSrf;xm;wm
wD&Syfu a&pdkaeNyD;? a&SUydkif;eJUaemufydkif; uyfaewm? trSefNcpfMuD; (2) cku
uefUvefUNzwfMuD; ? trSm;NcpfMuD;yHk Nzpfaeygvm;As/
awGUwJUvlwdkif;u ? tJ'gudk ? vufndK; xdk;xdk;NyD; ? &DaevdkufMuwmAsm/
trSefNcpfudk ? raocsmrSmpdk;vdkU ? b,fwcg? nmwcg ? ESpfcgrSefvdkufygrS/
trSefqHk; NzpfoGm;awmUwmudk;As/ [D; ? [D; /

( wifjyol-  azawgyi  )

65

ol&Jaumif;av;a,muf
wcgwkef;u usaemfhtazu olYwynfh 1 a,mufNzpfwJh ordkif;ar*smeJY
ausmif;NyD;xm;oludk ]]rif; .. ordkif;ar*smeJY ausmif;NyD;xm;wmqdkawmh ....
yk*Hacwf ol&Jaumif; 4 OD;u b,folawGqdkwmaNymprf;uGm ... }} qdkNyD;
ar;awmh .... wynfhvkyfwJholu ]][m ... q&muvnf; vG,fvG,fav; ...}}
qdkNyD; ...
usefppfom; ...&,f
iaxG&l; ...&,f .
ivHk;vz,f ... &,f ...

teJi,fpOf;pm;NyD; .... aemufqHk; 1 a,mufudkaNymcsvdkufwmu
iZifum &,fyg q&m ... }} tJvdk aNymcsvdkufygava&mwJhAsm ....
anmifOD;zD;udk olrodawmh ... tay:u vlawGu emrnftprSm ]i} awGeJY
pxm;awmh

olvnf;

awmfygayw,f

...

&rf;&GD;vdkufyHk&ygw,f
yk*HacwfrSm

....

awmfawmfav;udk

ay:wl*DBuD; aoewfwum;um; ...

taNr§mufBuD; w&rf;&rf;eJY ....
tJ'g rlvwef;ausmif;om; r[kwfbl;aemf ... bGJU&xm;NyD;om; vl 1
a,mufNzpfyg\/ ...
(wifjyol- iZifPmef;)
66

jiif;y,f&jcif;taMumif;&if;
uGsefawmfESifY uGsefawmfYoli,fcsif;wdkY em*pfrkefwdkif;taMumif; ajymaerdMu
ygonf/
uGsefawmf/ / aoaMucJY&wm aomif;eJYcsDcJYwm wu,fYudk pdwfraumif;
p&myJAsm/ MudKwifumuG,fa&;awGom vkyfay;cJY&if 'Davmufxd qHk;&HI;rSm
r[kwfbl;As/
oli,fcsif; / / aemufydkif; u,fq,fa&;vkyfwm tm;enf;vdkY xyfaorSmu
ydkrsm;vdrfYr,fxifw,f/
uGsefawmf / / tckvnf; tultnDay;r,fY vluawmif ADZm&zdkY c,ae&r,fY
taygufAsm/
oli,fcsif; / / tar&duefudk olwdkY b,favmufrkef;rkef;? 'ku©o,fawG
twGuf pOf;pm;jyD; u,fq,fa&;tultnDudk vufcHzdkYaumif;ygw,fAsm/
uGsefawmf / / at;Asm? jynfolawG'ku©udk jrif&JYom;eJY bmvdkY'Davmufawmif
cg;cg;oD;oD; jiif;ae&vJ em;vnfvdkYudk r&bl;Asm/
xdkpOf

teD;tem;wGif

wDAGD*drf;upm;aeaom

oli,fcsif;

om;av;\

0ifajymvdkufaom pum;aMumifY uGsefawmfwdkYESpfa,muf yg;pyfta[mif;om;
jzpfoGm;&ygonf/ 
“',f'DwdkYuvnf;Asm? &rfbdkygvmrSmaMumufvdkY aerSmaygY” ...wJY/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )
67

tdrfwGif;a&;

tckvdk tcsdefrsdK;rSm 'DxJ 0ifa&;&wm pdwfodyfroefY ovdkyJ/ 'gayr,fhvnf;
&Dp&mxuf armp&mu ydkrsm;wJh taMumif;av;wpfck ajymjycsifvdkYyg/
rkefwdkif;NyD;umpu taemufEdkifiHawGu tultnDay;zdkY urf;vSrf;aewJh
tcsdefrSm? w½kwfeJU ½k&Sm;u avoHav;awmif r[awmh? usaemfu tJ'D
udpöudk wAspfawmufawmuf ajymaewmeJU? usaemfhtudku .....
]]rif;uvnf;uGm

olwdkYu

olrsm;tdrfwGif;a&;udk

0ifrpGufzufcsifvdkY

aerSmaygh}} wJh/
tif;ayghav? olwdkYwawGu ]]olrsm;tdrfwGif;a&;? rpGufzufa&;}} oabmwl
nDcsuf ,lxm;wJh olawGudk;/
( wifjyol- armifbwf )

68

Disaster tppf

jrefrmjynfrkefwdkif;aMumifY

tm;vHk;aMuuGJaewm

oli,fcsif;eJYpum;pyfrdvdkY

ajymjzpfwmav;yg/

rSefayr,fY
&Dp&m

waeYu

r[kwfvSayr,fY

tckcsdefrSm aoG;xGufatmif rSefaewmeJY wifvdkufygw,f/
++++++
aMumifaMumif/ / 'Dwcg jrefrmjynfudk0ifwJY rkefwdkif;u igwdkY odoavmuf
ordkif;rSm tqdk;0g;qHk;  Disaster  yJ.....
oli,fcsif;/

/

tqdk;qHk;???

[kwfvdkYvm;...

rif;uvJ...

aocsm

jyefpOf;pm;ygOD;....
aMumifaMumif/ /
MuHKzl;vdkYvm;....

[kwfygw,fuG... igwdkYwoufrSm

'Davmufqdk;wm

(aMumifaMumif wpfa,muf oli,fcsif;u jyefar;vdkY

wu,facgif;ajcmufoGm;wmyg )
oli,fcsif;/ / rif;ajymwmrSm;w,f... wu,fY tqdk;qHk;  Disaster  tppfu
vGefcJYwJY eSpf-20 ppftpdk;&wufuxJu jzpfaewmuG.....
( wifjyol- aMumifaMumif )

69 

ijyL;awGujyJ&w,f &Sdao;Asm...
avab;'ku©onfawGtwGuf yxraeUu t0wftpm;awG uDvdk 200
xnfhay;vdkufwm tqifajyygw,f... 'kwd,aeU uDvdk 600 avmuf
xnfhay;vdkufwmudk taumufcGefu &pfw,fwJhav... xkwfcGifhr&Sdbl;...
oifay;xm;wJhtwdkif; uRefawmfwdkUe,fu trsdK;awGtwGuf oli,fcsif;awG
u

vSLzdkUay;vdkufvdkUyg

tyf&r,fwJh...

'geJU

qdkwmvJ

vSLcGifhr&Sdbl;wJhAsm...

o,fvmwJholawGuvJ

rvSL&&ifae

olwdkUvuf
cifAsm;wdkU

vufxJawmhrtyfEdkifbl;qdkawmh? tajctaeu wif;rmvmovdk tjyifu
u,fq,fa&;twGuf t0wftxnfvufcHr,ftzGJUawGuvJ apmifhaeMuawmh
aemufqHk; taumufcGefu u,fq,fa&;tzGJU0ifawGudk 'Dt0wftpm;awG
'ku©onfawGqDudk aocsmaygufa&mufatmif wm0ef,lNyD; vSL'gef;r,fh
taMumif; cH0efcsufxdk;cdkif;NyD;rS xkwfay;vdkufw,fwJh....
tr,frif; olwdkUuyJ jynfolUvufxJ aocsmaygufa&mufap&r,fhtaMumif;
vufrSwfxkd;cdkif;&w,fvdkU...

usL;ypfwdkUa& rjyHK;bJ 0g;vHk;uGJatmif &,fcGifhjyKygaemf...

(wifjyol- solidsnake  )

70

'Drdkua&pDudkrBudKufvdkY
vlESpfa,mufpum;ajymNyD;vrf;avQmufvmonf.....
yxrvl - a[haumifrif;rJoGm;ay;rSmvm; ?
'kwd,vl - ay;rSmayghuG? 'gutoufjynfhNyD;om; EdkifiHom;wdkif;vkyf&wmyJ.
yxrvl - 'geJY rif;bmrJay;rsm;vnf; ...
'kwd,vl - uefYuGufrJay;rSmaygh ..
yxrvl -a[haumif&?rif;udk ppfvm; ap;vm; vkyf&ifb,fvdkvkyfrvnf; ...
'kwd,vl  –  igYudk bmvdkYuefYuGufwmvnf;vdkY vmar;&if ]] om;u
'Drdkua&pDudkrBudKufbl; ... tckvuf&SdtmPm&SiftkyfcsKyfa&;yJ BudKufw,fvYdk
..}} ajymvdkufrSmaygh/
( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

MudKwifrJ
vlESpfa,muf owif;pmzwf,if; ajymaeMujcif; jzpfygonf/
yxrvl/ / AdkvfcsKyfodef;pdefu u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;awG uGyfuJzdkY tvkyfrsm;
aewmawmif MudKwifrJray;yJ aejynfawmfjyefjyD; rJay;w,faemf/
'kwd,vl/ / atmf? MudKwifrJay;&if olYudkvnf; ZGwf trSefjcpfcdkif;rSm
aMumufvdkYaerSmaygY/
( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

71

tvSLY&Sifemrnf
vlESpfa,muf tifwmeufay:wGif 

chatting 

vkyfaeMuaom pum;rsm;

jzpfygonf/
yxrvl/ / AdkvfcsKyfjrifYaqG urÇmausmfatmif t&SufuGJoGm;&wJY owif;
zwfjyD;jyDvm;/ ,dk;',m;uae vSLvdkufwJY ypönf;awGudk oluyJ vSL'gef;
ovdkvdk olYemr,fwyfjyD; a0cdkif;wJY taMumif;av/

'kwd,vl/ / 'Davmufav;rsm; cifAsm;yk*¾dKvfu jzKHawmifjzKHr,f rxifygbl;
Asm/ olwdkYrSm &SufaMumjywfaewm MumvSjyDyJ/

yxrvl/

/

jzHK&r,fudk,fYvl?

tJ'Dowif;Mum;jyD;

AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;u

pdwfqdk;awmfrlaeowJYav/
'kwd,vl/ / bmvdkYvJ? tJ'Dvdk nmwmudk rMudKufvdkYvm;/

yxrvl/ / r[kwfbl;/ tvSL&SifemrnfrSm oleJYMudKifMudKifY emrnfudk
rwyfvdkYwJY/

( wifjyol-  mgpo  )

72

rod&ifrar;&
vlwpfa,mufBuHcdkifa&;(BuHzGwf)&kH;xJudk0ifvmw,f ...
pma&;rav; 1 a,mufudkawG hwmeJar;vdkufw,f ...
aumif;av;/

/ ]] tpfr uGsefawmfwdk hi,fi,fwkef;uav ausmif;awGrSm

ausmif;om;awGudk BuHcdkifa&;toif;0ifcdkif;w,fav ..}}
pma&;r/ / ]] [kwfw,fav ... bmjzpfvdkvnf; .. }}
aumif;av;/ / ]] uGsefawmfYpm&if;&Sdao;vm;vdkY vmar;wmyg }}
pma&;r/

/ ]] cP ...... &Sdao;w,farmifav; pdwfryleJ ... 'geJY

bmvdkYtckrSvmar;&wmvnf;}}
aumifav;/

/ ]]bm&,fr[kwfygbl;? tckrJqE´cH,lyGJrSm uGsefawmf

bmrJay;vnf; odcsifvdkYyg}}

( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

73

a&vmvdkY
ausmufajrmif;om;/====/ a[haumif&? rif;wkdUqDrSm rD;vmaeNyDqkd/ ( tHhMo
[efjzifh )
ausmufwHwm;om;/====/ [kwfw,fuG/
ausmufajrmif;om;/====/ rif;wkdUu uHaumif;w,fuGm/a&vJvm rD;vJvm?
igwkdUrSmom ...
ausmufwHwm;om;/====/ rif;wkdUuvnf; vG,fvG,fav;[mudk/ a&vmvkdU
rD;vmwmuG/
( wifjyol- botchan  )

tudkbmygvJ
avqdyfu 0efxrf;aumif;awG taMumif;zwf&awmh pkcspfoli,fcsif; jzpfyHkudk
jyefowd&jyD; jyHK;rdw,f/ [dk;wkef;u 

Q2  pass 

qdkd rdef;rawG? bmawG

vdkufaevdkY&wmr[kwf... yGJpm;eJYvmwJholqdk&ifvnf;..... ...ydkufqHawGpkjyD;rS...
jrefrmjynfjyefMu&awmh tenf;qHk; 2ESpfavmufaejyD;rS jyefavh&SdMuw,f/
tJ'Dawmh...oljrefrmjynfudk...yxrqHk;tacgufjyefawmh rawGYwmMumjyDjzpfwJh
rdom;pkeJY.... rdef;rtwGuf? olYom;twGuf ? oli,fcsif;awGtwGuf qdkjyD;
acsmuvufawG? vufaqmifawG trsm;MuD; ygoGm;wmayghaemf/ 'gayrJh
taumufcGefjidwm bmrS rygbl;av/ xHk;pHtwdkif; ....taumufcGefvJ
a&mufa&m....ar;awmhwmyJ/

74

tudk bmygvJwJh/

'Dawmh

olu....

[m..

ygwmawmh

rar;eJYAsm..

trsm;MuD;yJ/

acsmuvufawG?ygwdwfxrDawG... jyD;awmh... pD;u&ufwawmifh... t&uf
wykvif;.../
qdkvJqdka&m...tJ'Duyk*¾dkKvffawG&JY..rsufvkH;awGqdk....ta&mifawGawmufukefwm
aygh aemf.../
olwdkYudk ay;r,frSwfvdkY..../
tJ'D oli,fcsif;u...wu,fu *spfuefuef&,f/ r[kwfwm vmvkyfvdkY
uawmh..odyfjyD;aMumufwwf..tm;emwwfwmvJ[kwfbl;/
olu.. bmqufjyD;ajymvJqdkawmh....
'gayrJh..acsmuvufu..usKyfom;twGuf...ygwdwfu.. usKyftareJYrdef;r
twGuf...

pD;u&ufu

usKyfoli,fcsif;awGtwGuf...

t&ufu

usKyf

q&morm;twGuf.. cifrsm;wdkYzdkYawmh r[kwfbl;vdkY..
av,mOfwuGif;vHk;Mum;&atmif tmjyJoHMuD;eJYajymjyD;..... vSnf;udkwGef;jyD;
xGufvmvdkufwm.. tdwf'DvlawG..... yg;pyfta[mif;om;..... bmrS.. rajym
EdkifawmhyJ usefcJhMuowJhav.../

(wifjyol- suuchit  )
75

( aMu;rHkowif;pmyg aMunmcsufrS ) 
“obm0 ab;tEå&m,fusa&mufaom a'orsm;&Sd jynfolrsm;twGuf
usefrma&; owday;EId;aqmfcsuf” 
(1) &moDOwk'PfcHEdkifwJh trdk;tumatmufrSm aeMu&ef?
(2) aEG;axG;aom t0wftpm;rsm;udk 0wfqifyg/
(3) a&udk usKdaomufyg/ odkYr[kwf uvdk&if; cwfaomufyg/
(4) oefY&Sif;vwfqwfaom ylaEG;wJh tpm;tpmrsm;udkom pm;okH;Muyg/
(5) ,ifvkHtdrfomudk okH;pGJMuyg/
(t,f'DwmYxH jyefpmwapmifrS )
vlMuD;rif;wdkY\

EdI;aqmfcsuft&

uGsefawmfwdkYavab;'ku©onfrsm;[m

usef;rma&;tod tjynfY&dSaeMujyDjzpfygonf/ xdkodkYvdkufemEdkif&ef rnfolu
rnfodkYulnDMurnfudkvnf; &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; azmfjyay;apvdkygw,fcifAsm;/

(wifjyol- mgpo  )

76

jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef 
“jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”jzifY ratmifjrifaom qdk&S,fvpfpepfudk wnfaqmuf
cJYonfY OD;ae0if;\wynfY ... “jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”  'Drdkua&pDpepftwkudk
ZGwfcsDwufaeaom OD;oef;a&T onf ...
,ck em*pfrkefwdkif;udpöwGifvnf;  “jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”jzifY u,fq,fa&;
vkyfMu&ef nTefMum;xm;ay&m ...
vufawGYtaumiftxnfazmfay;Muaom olYi,fuGsefMuD;rsm;uvnf; wjcm;
urÇmYEdkifiHrsm;\ vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;ESifY uGJjym;pGm ...
-EdkifiHjcm;tultnDrsm;? uGsrf;usifolrsm; 0if&cufatmif vkyfxm;jcif;?
-olrsm;vSLxm;aom ypönf;rsm;udk rdrdwdkYemrnftm; tvSLY&Sifemrnf wyfjyD;rS
a0cdkif;jcif;?
-olwyg;vSLxm;aom ypönf;rsm;udk a&mif;pm;jcif;?
-tavmif;rsm;udk ajrjrKyf&rnfYtpm; a&xJjyefarSsmjyD; ajz&Sif;jcif; tp&dSaom
rawmfwa&mf vkyfenf;rsm;jzifY aqmif&Gufaeonfudk awGY&ay&m ...
uGsEkfyfwdkYjynfolrsm;taeESifYvnf; 

Burmese  classic 

rS

yk*¾dKvfMuD;\

enf;vrf;udk iSm;oHk;jyD;?  “jrefrmYenf;jrefrmY[ef”jzifY qHk;rcdkif;csifpdwfrsm;om
wzGm;zGm; ay:aygufae&ygawmYonf/

(wifjyol-  mgpo  )
77

OD;armYvmjyD
txufygowif;

*sdKukwf&l;MuD;oef;a&TxH

aygufMum;oGm;aomtcg

olYi,fuRefrsm;udk þokdYajAmifvdrfawmhonf/
]tck[m

pyful;ryful;umvrdkYyguGm/

rluaumif;ygw,f?

vlawGu

raumif;vdkYyg? tajctaeawGu OD;armhvmygjyD} (OD;armhrSmaygh aemufuyJhu
pHk;pHk;jrKyfaejyDudk; )

( wifjyol-  coolcupid  )

&l;wmcsif;wlayr,fY
ar; / / OD;apmarmif aygufu&awGavSsmufajymwkef;uawmY &l;oGm;vdkYqdkjyD;
&mxl;ujyKwfoGm;w,faemf/ tck OD;oef;a&T bk&if&l;&l;jyD; aygufu&awG
avSsmufvkyfawmY &mxl;urjyKwfbl;/ tJ'g bmYaMumifYvJ/

ajz / / olu ppfwef;vsm;jyefr,fvdkY uwdray;cJYbl;av/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

78

uav;ajcmufenf;
i,fi,fwkef;u tpm;taomuf jzKef;wD;wJhuav;awG? qkd;wJh uav;awGukd
rdb tkyfxdef;olawGu 'Dvkd ajcmufw,f? eifwkdh'Davmuf rqkd;eJh? rjzKef;wD;eJh?
eif;wkdhukd rD&mz&m? tDoD,kd;yD; ,m; ykdhjypfvkdufr,fqkdjyD;/
tck wjcm; EkdifiHu rdbawG olwkdh uav;awGukd ajcmufjcif&if ...
eifwkdhukd jrefrmjynfykdhvkdufr,f? bmrSwfvnf;?
( wifjyol-  Zulu  )

aomuuif;a0;aeEdkifa&;
vlem / / q&m? uGsefawmf pdwfaomuawGzdpD;aevdkY aysmufatmif
b,fvdkvkyf&rvJq&m/
q&m0ef / / cifAsm; a&'D,dkawG rSefrSefem;axmifovm;/ owif;pmawG
rSefrSefzwfvm;/
vlem / / [kwfuJY? zwfygw,fq&m/
q&m0ef / / [kwfjyD 'gqdk&if tJ'gawGtm;vHk;udk jzwfvdkufawmY/
tpdk;&wDADGeJY owif;pmawGudk rMunfYawmY&if owif;vdrfawG jrifvdkY
Mum;vdkY xGufr,fY a'goawGvnf; rxGufawmYbl;/ bDbDpDwdkY 'DAGDbDwdkYudkyg
em;raxmifawmY rMunfYawmY&if ydkaumif;w,f/ wu,fjzpfaewmawGudkyg
rjrif&? rMum;&awmY pdwfrqif;&J&bl;aygY/
79

owif;pmzwfjcif;tusdK;

{&m0wDwdkif;rS 'ku©onfwOD;onf 14.5.08 aeYxkwf aMu;rHkowif;pmudk
zwfMunfYrdí

txufygw&kwfajrivsifowif;udk

awGYvdkuf&onfwGif

pOf;pm;rdonfrSm ...
atmf ... w&kwfawG igwdkYxuf uHqdk;ygvm;? olwdkYwyfawG pD;p&m
&[wf,mOfawmif

r&dSvdkY

rdkif

60

awmif

ajcvsifavSsmufjyD;rS

u,fwJYolawGqDa&mufw,f/ igwdkYqDrSmawmY &[wf,mOf (7)pD;MuD;eJYawmif
vdkufu,fEdkifowJY/
xdkodkYawG;vdkufrdrS

tenf;i,fpdwfoufom&oGm;jyD;

u,fq,fa&;qef

atmufodk;odk;ESifY csufxm;aomxrif;udk jrdef,SufpGm oHk;aqmifavawmY
ownf;/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )
80

0#fvnfr,f

em*pf jzpfjyD; jrefrmjynfrSm a&yef;pm;aewmav;yg/
vrf;wGif rdef;rMuD; 2 a,mufawG.Mu&m .....
yxrrdef;rMuD; / / em*pfwdkufvdk. aoMuaMuMuwmudk vlwdkif; 0rf;enf;
aeMuw,faemf/
'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/ /atmifrav; aysmfaewJh olawG&dSao;w,f/ taysmfqHk;
awmif&dSao;/
yxrrdef;rMuD; / / t,f vlvlcsif; rpmemwJhvlawG/ b,folawGvJ
ajymprf;ygath/ nnf;ajymwJh taysmfqHk;uaum b,folwkef;/
'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/

/

oGyfeJ.oGyfoH

orm;awGaygh/ taysmfqHk;uawmh

a&mif;wJholawGeJY

0dorpD;yGm;a&;

'dk.wdkif;jynfu oef;a&TMuD;&J. orD;

oEåma&Tav/
yxrrdef;rMuD;

/

/[dkwavmu

r*FvmaqmifwJh

wpfa,mufrvm;/

usLyfawmifMunfhvdkuf&ao;/ ol.tpm; Zufawmifav;w,f/ olu bmvdk.
0rf;omwmvJ/
'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/ /oluajymw,fwJh ol.bmom &dSvdk. pdefawG 0wfwmudk
jrefrmjynfu vlawGu remvdk jzpfw,fwJhav pdwfaumif; rxm;bl;wJhav/
tckawmhh aoMu aMuMujyD iwfMujyDwJhav aumif;w,fwJh/ ol.udkajymwJh
vlawG 0#fvnfwmwJhav/
81

yxrrdef;rMuD; / /atmifrav; ajym&ufvdkufwm/ oltvSnfhMurS 'Dxuf
0#fvnfrSm jrifa,mifao; /
'kwd,rdef;rMuD;/ /b,fvdkvnfrSmwkef; /ajymprf;ygOD;/
yxrrdef;rMuD; / /ol.wdk.avmuf raumif;wm vkyfr,fhol&dSOD;rvm; /olwdk.
tvSnhfMu&if i&JjynfrSm i&Jom; wpfzuf 1000 pDeJ. &l;&l;aygufcsdefawmif
&rSm r[kwfbl;/
[kajymjyD; okwfokwfeJ. awmMunfhawmifMunfh xGufoGm;MuavowJh/
roifhawmfwmrsm;&dS&if wnf;jzwfay;Muyg/ 'geJ. uRefawmfajymw,f rajym
eJ.aemf/ uRefawmfu olrsm;ajymwm Mum;vdk. jyefajymjywmaemf
( wifjyol- SawKyiPhyu  )

aemufusoGm;wmcGifYvTwfyg
vlESpfa,muf n ( 8 ) em&Dowif;udk MunfYaeMuonf/
yxrvl / / rkefwdkif;jyD;wm ESpfywfausmfrS OD;oef;a&Tu 'ku©onfawGudk
xGufawGYwm bmoabmvJuGm/
'kwd,vl / / igMum;wmawmY vlawGMum;xJoGm;zdkY oifYavSsmfygjyDqdkwJY
pdwfa&m*gq&m0ef&JY cGifYjyKcsufu 'DaeYrS&vdkYwJY/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )
82

urÇmYpHcsdef
tMuHay; / / AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;cifAsm/ tckqdk&if 10 &ufaeY rJay;yGJrSm
92.4%awmif axmufcHrJ&w,fvdkY aMujimjyD;ygjyD/ usefwJYjrdKYe,fawG&JY
&v'f[m ta&;rygawmYygbl;/ 'gaMumifY tJ'DtwGuf tm&HkrpdkufawmYyJ
u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;udkyJ tav;ay;oifYygjyD cifAsm/
oef;a&T / / bmrSvmajymraeeJY/ igu rJay;yGJrSm urÇmYpHcsdef csdK;csifwmuG/
tMuHay; / / [kwfuJY 'gYtwGufawmY pdwfylp&m r&dSygbl;? urÇmY
tnpfywfqHk; qE´cH,lyGJqdkwm vlwdkif;odaeMuygjyD/
( pdwfxJu jyefajymwmaemf/ wu,fjyefajym&Jw,f rxifMueJYtHk;/ )

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

83

aojyD;wmawmif axmufcHr,f

{&m0wDwdkif;

&Gmav;w&GmrS

touf&Sifusefaeaom

vlwpkonf

u,fq,fa&;tzGJYrsm;udk arSsmfaeMupOf pufavSav;wpif; 0ifvmonfudk
awGYaomaMumifY 0rf;omoGm;Muavonf/ odkYaomf uHqdk;pGmyif xdktzGJYonf
&du©ma0aomtzGJYr[kwfyJ

pm&if;vmaumufaomtzGJY

jzpfaeavonf/

tzGJYacgif;aqmif / / uJ cifAsm;wdkY&GmrSm aowJYol b,fESpfa,muf&dSvJ
pm&if;vmay;Mu/
&Gmom;rsm;u pm&if;ay;aomtcg aemufvdkufESpfa,mufu pmtkyfESpftkyf
xJwGif wjydKifwnf; vdkufa&;rSwfaeMuojzifY &Gmom;wa,mufu pmtkyf
tzHk;rsm;udk cdk;MunfYrdaomtcg ....
wcku... aoqHk;olpm&if;
aemufwcku ... MudKwifrJay;olpm&if;
qdkjyD;a&;xm;wmudk tHYzG,fokw awGYvdkuf&ygowJYAsm/

( wifjyol- mgpo  )

84

tm;vHk;[m 'ku©onf

em*pfrkefwkdif; tulnDay;a&; ukodkvfjzpftzGJUuav;wpfckrS tzGJU0ifwpfOD;
onf rkefwkdif;'PfcHcJh&aom NrdKUwpfNrdKUokdUa&muf½SdoGm;onf/ bkef;awmfBuD;
ausmif;wpfckrS 'ku©onfrsm;tm; vufcHapmifha½Smufxm;onf[k Mum;od
vkduf&í tqkdygae&mokdU tulnDay;&ef a&muf½SdoGm;avonf/

vli,f/---------/ bkef;bkef;bk&m;? bkef;bkef;&JUausmif;rSm 'ku©onf
b,favmuf ½SdaeygovJbk&m;/
bkef;awmfBuD;/----/

'umav;&,f/

wu,fawmh

bkef;bkef;wkdU

'umav;wkdU tygt0if jrefrmjynfoljynfom; tm;vHk;[m 'ku©onf
awGygyJ/

( wifjyol-  botchan  )

85

“bwfuD;” rGef;rSmpdk;
ukvor*¾

taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyf

ArmjynfoGm;rnfY

owif;udk

zwfjyD;aemuf oli,fcsif;wa,mufxH zkef;qufjzpfygonf/
uGsefawmf

/

/

Mum;jyD;jyDvm;a[Y/

befuDrGef;udk,fwdkif

Armjynf

oGm;awmYr,fwJYuG/
xdktcg

oli,fcsif;u

jyefajymvdkufaom

pum;aMumifY

uGsefawmf

yufvufvefoGm;&ygonf/
oljyefajymonfrSm .... 
“  odyfjyD;vnf; 0rf;omraeeJYtHk; udk,fYvl/ ppfAdkvfcsKyfawGu 'Dwcgvnf;
b,fvdk bwfuD;&dkuf&r,fqdkwm MudKjyD; pDpOfjyD;om;/ igawmY befuDrGef;
wa,muf  “bwfuD;” rGef;jyD; jyefoGm;&rSmyJ jrifa,mifaew,fa[Y” 
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

86 

xl;qef;aevdkY

uGsefawmfYoli,fcsif;wa,muf uGefjyLwma&SUrSm tvkyf½Iyfaeygonf/
uGsefawmf / / bmawG&SmaewmvJuG/
ol / / owif;wyk'f rawGYrdao;vdkY &SmaewmyguGm/
uGsefawmf / / bmtaMumif;rsm;vJuGm/
ol

/

/ tar&duefoabFmawG ArmYa&ydkifeuftem; a&mufaewmeJY

ywfoufvdkYuGm/
uGsefawmf / / 'grsm; txl;tqef;vkyfvdkY? 0ufqdkufwumrSm ygaewmudk/
ol / / 'Dudpöudk jynfyuArmawG axmufcHqE´jywmawmY zwf&wmaygY/
'gayr,fY 'DwcgawmY at;vGifwdkYtzGJY tar&duefoH½Hk;a&SYrSm

oGm;jyD;

uefYuGufqE´jywJYowif; rawGYrdao;bl;a[Y/ tJ'g xl;qef;aevm;vdkYyg/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

87

arSmifcdkypönf;
OD;av;MuD;wa,mufu uGsefawmfYudkar;ygonf/
ol / / igYwl arSmifcdkypönf;qdkwm bmvJodvm;/
uGsefawmf

/

/

vGwfvGwfvyfvyf

wifoGif;

o,f,lcGifYr&dSwJY

ypÆnf;awGudkac:wmAsm/ ppfaq;a&;*dwfawGrSm rd&if cGifYjyKcsuf &dS r&dS
ar;r,f/ r&dS&if odrf;r,f/ odrf;wmrcHcsif&if oufqdkif&mudk vmbfxdk;Asm/
tJovdkrS r[kwf&if jzpfwJYvrf;aMumif;uae cdk;jyD;o,fAsm/
ol / / [kwfw,f/
uGsefawmf / / aemufwrsdK;u jynfolydkifypönf;awGudk rormwJYenf;eJY
cdk;xkwfjyD;a&mif;pm;w,fAsm/ tJ'gawGvnf; arSmifcdkypönf;yJaygY/
ol / / rSefw,f? 'gqdk aemufqHk;ay: arSmifcdkypönf;[m bmvJodvm;/
uGsefawmf / / rodbl; OD;av;/
ol / / rod&ifrSwfxm;? em*pfu,fq,fa&;ypönf;awGaygYuG/ 

“ Asm ”... 
( wifjyol- mgpo  )
88

wwfvdkYvkyfaewmr[kwf ...
raeYu  CNA  rSm AdkvfÚmPf0if;udk owif;axmufawG0dkif;AsL;wmNyoGm;w,f/
owif;axmufawGu em*pfeJUywfowfNyD; EdkifiHNcm;rD'D,mawG(  BBC  ? VOA 
wdkUudk&nf&G,fw,fxifyg&JU)&JU owif;xkwfvTifhrSKtay: b,fvdkoabmxm;
ovJ ar;awmh ...
olaNymcsifwmu 'Dowif;XmeawGuowif;udk csJUum;NyD;wifNywwfw,fvdkY
aNymcsifwmxifygw,f/ 'gqdkvJ  These media are always exaggerating the 
situation about Myanmar  vdkYaNym&if&aewmudk

...

&kyfwnfMuD;eJUaNymcsvdkufwmu  I say one, they say two  wJh/
( wifjyol-  arch­angel  )

tpdk;&EIef;
( etzatmufqGJ “tajcmufajr” bavmYcfrS owif;wyk'frS )
1/ puFmylEkdifiHwGif jyKvkyfonfh tmqD,H0efMuD;rsm; tpnf;ta0;wGif
OD;nPf0if;u ysufpD; qHk;&HI;rI wefbdk;pkpkaygif;rSm tar&duefa':vm 10
bDvD,Htxd&dSEkdifaMumif;? tpdk;&taejzifh ,aeYtxd u,fq,fa&; twGuf
usyf 50 bDvD,H oHk;pGJcJhNyD; qufvufoHk;pGJvSsuf&dS aMumif; ajymqdkoGm;onf/

89

( pmzwfolwOD;\rSwfcsuf )
aMomf ... igwdkYtpdk;&ES,f? u,fq,fa&;vkyfwJYae&mrSmawmif a':vmudk
tpdk;&EIef;eJY wGufjyD;vJaewkef;yJudk;/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

EdkifiHawmf tBuD;tuJ&JU apwemeJU OmPftajrmftjrifqdkwm 

credit to maynyane blog. 

( wifjyol- solidsnake  )

90

bbvDwdkY&JYjydKifyGJ
rav;&Sm;u tefu,ftrf eJY pifumylu bbMuD;vD wdkY[m..olwdkY
vmbfpm;vm;?

rpm;vm;

qdkwm

jynfolawGa&SYrSm

oufaojyMuzdkY

waeYawmh qHk;jzwfvdkufMuygowJh/ b,fvdk oufaojyMu rvJqdk&if...
olwdkY[m....olwdkY &dk;om;aMumif; a&ay:rSm vrf;avQmufjyMur,fayghaemf/
&dk;om;rI 'D*&Dtvdkuf....a&ay:rSm...ay:r,fayghav/
tefu,ftrfupavQmufygw,f/
pxGufwJhtcsdefuae..wjznf;jznf;

jrKwfoGm;vdkufwm..

[dkzufurf;udk

a&mufwJhtcsdefrSmawmh a&u vnfyif;xda&mufoGm;w,fwJh/
pifumylu

bbMuD;

vDuawmh

at;aq;yJwJh/

pxGufwJhae&muae

wzufurf;a&mufwJhxd a&ay:rSm &SyfwdkufjyD; ayghayghyg;yg;av; avQmufjy
oGm;ygowJhuG,f/

ajcaxmufav;awmifrS

a&xJrjrKwfbl;wJh/

'geJY..

bbMuD;vDu &dk;om;aMumif; jynfolawGu vufcHp&mjzpfoGm;yga&mwJh/
**********************
bbvD ESifh OD;av;*dk wdkY twGif;pum;
bbvD - armif*dka&.../ aus;Zl;yJa[h..ighudk acgif;ay:wifjyD; a&atmufu
avQmuf&wm..armoGm;a&maygh.../ bmvdkcsifvJ ..ajyma[h../
(pifumyl? rav;&Sm; oli,fcsif;rsm;ESifh pum;0dkif;rS..)
( wifjyol- suuchit  )

91

armp&m
&,fp&m awmh r[kwfbl; armp&m av;yg/
em*pf

tvGefumvoHk;av;&uf

wm0ef&Sdol

twGif;rSm

cyfMuD;MuD;wa,muf

avab;

tajccHynmOD;pD;Xmeu
twefoifhcJYwJY

jrdKYu

txufwef;ausmif;wpfausmif;udk a&mufvmygava&m/ ausmif;u trdk;u
oHk;yHkESpfyHkavmuf

r&SdawmhbJ?

t&ifu

caemfeDcaemfeJY

tdrfomawGu

tukefbkef;bkef;vJaew,f/ q&m q&mrawG u0rf;omtm;&eJY vlMuD;vmjyD
qdkjyD;

tysuftpD;awGudk

arQmfvifhcsufawGeJY/
a0YMunfhvdkufjyD;

vdkufjyMuwmayghav/

yk*¾d KvfMuD;u
olvmwm

tm;vHk;udk

'DtwGuf

bmrsm;ulnDEdkifrvJ
rsufvHk;av;wcsufyJ

r[kwfbl;?

q&mq&mrawGeJY

rdom;pkawG tm;vHk;axmufcHrJay;MuzdkY twGufvmwm/ tysuftpD;awG
uawmh udk,fxludk,fxeJY jyifMuayghvdkYajymjyD; axmufcHrJudpöudkyJajymjyD;
jyefoGm;w,f/ q&mq&mrawG&JY tdrfawGab;uif;Mu&JYvm;? tqifajyovm;
avmu0wf pum;av;awmif ajymroGm;bl;wJY/
vlowif;vlcsif;aqmifjyD; tJ'DtaMumif;tjyifudka&mufvmawmY ausmif;om;
rdbawG&ifarmzdkY jzpfvmwmaygh/ rMumcifausmif;zGifhvdkY ausmif;tyf&if
tvIaiG

weifhwydk;ay;&awmhr,f/

rkefwdkif;&efaMumifh

tukeftusawG

rsm;ae&wJYMum;xJ aiGxyfxGufOD;r,fqdk&if EGrf;yg;wJYolawGtwGuf MudKawG;
jyD; armp&mMuD;Asm/
( wifjyol- Jin_kaleat  )
92

azaznHYw,f ...

wpfcgwkef;u

pD;yGm;a&;&Sifwpfa,mufu

olYom;udkausmif;oGm;BudKawmh

..om;i,f u
]] azaz em*pfudkodvm; ..........}}
]] odwmayghom;&,f ... }}
]]'geJYrsm; azaz&,f ...oleJYodwmrsm; ae hwdkif;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfae&ao;w,f ..}}
]] [ .. igYom;&? bmqdkifvdkYvJ ...}}
]]twef;xJu rD;rD; (taumiforD; ) uajymw,f/ olYtazuem*pfeJaygif;NyD;
wvyJ&Smwm .. um;2pD;tjyifwdkufawmifjyifaqmufEdkifao;w,fwYJ ...}}
( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

93

vlvnfMuD;
em*pfudktaBumif;NyKNyD;

e*dkuwnf;u

ESmupfaeaom

tar&duefESifY

aewdk;wyfrsm;onf NrefrmNynfudk 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkufNyD; Nynfoltrsm;udk
ESdyfpufuvlNyKaeaom ppftpdk;&udkNzKwfcsvdkufygonf...
ppftpdk;&NyKwfustcg ppfacgif;aqmifrsm;udk NynfolUw&m;&kH;wifNyD; Nynfol
rsm;u tNypf'PfpD&ifavonf/ pD&ifyHku rpifwGif;BuD;xJwGif udk,fusKd;&Sm
&mZ0wfrSKrsm;udk rlwnfí ESpfNrKwfxm;&efNzpfonf/ tNypfxif&Sm;vGef;aom
ppfacgif;aqmifBuD; 3a,mufudk rpifwpfwGif;xJwGiftwlxm;\/ eHygwf
2acgif;aqmifrSm usL;vGefaom tNypfBuD;rm;í ar;zsm;NrKwfonftxd tESpfcH
xm;&onf/ olu ab;ywf0ef;usifudk vSnfYywfBunfY&m eHygwf 1 BuD;u
&ifacgif;avmufay:atmif ESpfcHxm;&onfawGYaomaBumifY a'gowpfBuD;ESifY
]][m ... cifAsm;BuD;u usKyfxuftqaygif;rsm;pGm udk,fusKd;&Smxm;wmbJ
'geJYbmaBumifY

&ifacgif;avmufbJ

tESpfcHxm;&wmvnf;

rw&mbl;

usLyfuGefyvdef;wwfr,f}}
[katmf[pfar;Nref;awmU eHygwf 1BuD; NyefaNymonfum;
]]a[Uaumif;wdk;wdk;uG ig eHygwf 3 ykckH;ay:wuf&yfaewm}} [lowwf

( wifjyol-  mokenlay  )
94

yg0g&drf;*sm; ...

ausmif;om;av;wa,muf pmar;yJGtrSwfaumif;vdkY oltaru vdkcsifwYJ
tacG0,fay;r,f ..wJY/
'gayr,fh olvdkcsifwJYacGu tacGa&mif;wJqdkifrSmr&Sdawmh ..acGa&mif;wJolu
..nDav; yg0g&drf*sm;topfxGufw,f Munfhygvm;vdkajymvdkufawmh ...
uav;taMumuftuefjiif;w,f ..
xdktcg tarjzpfolu om;yJyg0g&drf*sm; BudKufw,fqdk .. tar [dkwpfcg
wkef;uawmif yg0g&drf;*sm; tacGawG pmtkyfawG0,fay;ao;w,fav ....
om;i,fu

[kwfw,f

t&ifutacGyJBunfhawmh

yg0g&drf*sm;awGudk

vlaumif;xifwmwJ .. 'gayr,fh pmtkyfvnf;zwfvdkufa&m yg0g&drf*sm;
qdkwm pGrf;tm;&SifwJY arar&JY/ vrf;xJuvlawGajymw,fav ..pGrf;tm;&Sif
qdkwm bkef;BuD;awGudk&kdufwmwJY .. tJawmh yg0g&drf*sm;qdkwmuvnf;
bkef;BuD;awGudk&kdufwJolawGqdkawm hvlqdk;awGaygh ..wYJ /

( wifjyol- gdchaos  )

95

pHerlem
vlESpfa,muf EdkifiHwumta&; aqG;aEG;aeMuygonf/
yxrvl

/

/

vmr,fY

ZifbmabGa&G;aumufyGJrSm

twdkuftcHawG

tEdkif&zdkYrsm;aew,fwJYuG/ tmPm&Sif rl*gbDawmY 'Dwcg wu,f jyKwfjyD
xifygw,f/
'kwd,vl / / odyfjyD; xifraeeJYtHk; udk,fYvl/ tckavmufqdk rl*gbDuvnf;
rJEdkifatmif

b,fvdknpf&rvJqdkwm

ArmjynfudkMunfYjyD;

oabmayguf

aerSmyg/ tckqdk OD;oef;a&T&JY enf;vrf;twdkif; twk,l jyifqifaeavmuf
ygjyDuG/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

aemufqufwGJowif;
twnfrjyK&ao;aom aumv[vowif;rsm;t& ZifbmabGor®wrl*gbDu
olwdkYEdkifiH\

a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif

OuúXtjzpfyg

OD;atmifwdk;tm; vma&mufiSm;&rf;aeygaMumif;/

96

aqmif&Gufay;&ef

obm0ab;udk BudKodolrsm;
vlom;awG[m olwdkUudk olwdkU urÇmay:rSm todÚmPf tjrifhrm;qHk;&,fvdkY
owfrSwfMuygw,f/ wu,fvnf;[kwfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ivsif? rkefwdkif;?
rD;awmifaygufuGJrI pwJh obm0ab;tEå&m,fawGudkawmh b,fvlom;urS
BudKwifrodEdkifcJhygbl;/
tJ'Dae&mrSmawmh

wd&pämefawG[m

vlom;awGxuf

omvGefcJhygw,f/

ivsifvIyfrSm? rkefwdkif;usrSm? rD;awmifaygufuGJrSmawGudk wd&pämefawGu
BudKwifodEdkifygowJh/ BudKwifodjrifNyD; awmhvnf; tJ'D ab;tEå&m,fu
uif;vGwf&mudk BudKwifajymif;a½TUhMuygowJh/
rdwfaqG oif,Hkygovm; ?
r,Hk&if oufaoom"u taxmuftxm;cdkifvHkpGmjyygr,f/
em*pfrkefwdkif;[m jrefrmjynfudk 2008 arv 2 &ufeJY 3 &ufrSm
0ifa&mufwdkufcwfoGm;vdkY

vlaygif;odef;eJYcsDaocJh&wm

vlwdkif;todyg/

'gayr,fh wd&pämeftcsdKUuawmh rkefwdkif;0ifr,fqdkwm BudKodcJhvdkY ab;vGwf
&mudk

ajymif;oGm;MuNyD;

ab;vGwf&mudk

tEå&m,fuif;cJhMuygw,f/

ajymif;oGm;cJhwmrS

wpf&ufESpf&uf

[kwfygw,f/

BudKwifajymif;cJhwm

r[kwfygbl;/ ESpfESpfcGJavmuf BudKwifNyD; rkefwdkif;vGwf&mudk ajymif;oGm;cJh
Muwmyg/ wu,fygAsm.../

97

tJ'D

wd&pämefawG[m

0ifvmr,fqdkwm

2008

MudKodaevdkY

arvrSm
2005

&efukefNrdKUudk

em*pfrkefwdkif;

Edk0ifbmavmufxJu

rkefwdkif;

vGwfuif;&m aejynfawmfudk ajymif;a½TUoGm;cJhuswmyg/
uJ.. rdwfaqG.. wd&pämefawG[m obm0ab;tEå&m,fawGudk BudKodEdkif
w,fqdkwm ,HkNyDvm; /
( wifjyol-  wmason666  )

'gvnf;[kwfom;yJ
vlESpfa,muf jiif;cHkaeMuygonf/
yxrvl / / AdkvfcsKyfMuD;awGAsm/ olwdkYtdwfuyfawGxJrSm cdk;xm;wJY
a':vmawG oef;eJYcsDjyD;&dSaewmyJ/ tJ'DxJuae 'ku©onfawGudk enf;enf;
avmufawmY jyefvSLzdkYaumif;ygw,f/
'kwd,vl / / olwdkYvnf; rvSLcsifvdkYawmY b,f[kwfrvJAsm/ tJovdk
w&m;r0if &xm;wJYydkufqHawGjzpfaevdkY cufaewmaygY/ 'ku©onfawGtwGuf
uGsefawmfwdkY

cdk;xm;wJYxJu

enf;enf;avmuf

jyefvSLay;ygw,fvdkY

vlod&SifMum; jyefvkyfvdkY aumif;ygYrvm;/ uJ ... ajymygtHk;/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )
98

wdkY[mwdkYyJem;vnfw,f
em*pfrkefwdkif;jyD;uwnf;u

uGsefawmfYudk

ArmrSef;odwJY

rdwfaqGawGu

vlrIa&;t& owif;ar;MuwmawGudk jyefajz&wmuvnf; tmaygufrwwf
ygyJ/
olwdkYtm;vHk;ajymavY&dSwmu owif;awGxJrSm tpdk;&u vlrqefatmif
vkyfaewmawGudkMunfYjyD; olwdkYem;rvnfEdkifMuwJY taMumif;yJaygY/
wa,mufvmvnf; ... em;rvnfEdkifbl;
aemufwa,muf .... em;rvnfEdkifbl;
aemuf ..... .... em;rvnfEdkifbl;
MumawmY &Sufawmifvmw,f/ 'geJYyJ pdwfememeJY aemufxyfar;wJYolawGudk
'DvdkyJ jyefajymae&ygawmYw,f/ 
“[kwfygw,f/ rif;wdkY em;vnfrSmr[kwfygbl;/ tckudpöudk woufvHk;
cHvm&wJY igwdkY[m igwdkYyJ em;vnfEdkifrSmyguGm/” 
( wifjyol- mgpo  )

99

tdyfrufqdk;
vl1/ / ymdkwpfaeYu neufMuD; oef;a&TtdrfrSm q&m0efawG bmawGeJY
&kwf&kwfoJoJjzpfw,fqdk.. Mum;rdvm;
vl2/

/

at;uG..

oef;a&Tu

aoG;awGbmawGaqmifhwufjyD;

tdyfae&if;

&kwfcsnf;

ta&;wMuD;jzpfoGm;w,fvdkY

ekd;vmwm
Mum;w,f/

vl1/ / at;at;...tJ'gbmaMumifhvdk hMum;rdvJ..
vl2/ / tdyfrufqdk;rufw,fqdkyJ..
vl1/ / bmtdyfrufrdk htJavmufxdawmifa&;MuD;cGifus,fjzpf&wmvJ..
vl2/ / tdyfr,fxJrSm olYwpfaumifxJ vlxktv,fMum; a&mufoGm;w,f
ajymw,f..
vl1/ / atmf................................../
( wifjyol-  bubble029  )

100

uJ ..bmaNymcsifao;vJ
a[m'DysufvHk;xufaumif;wJY

ysufvHk;rsKd;

zwfBunfYygtHk; ...

( wifjyol- mokenlay  )

101

b,folawGxkwfedkifao;ovJ

qif jcif awG; ac: ol rsm;
EdkifiHawmftMuD;tuJ / / usKyf avab;'ku©onfawGudk apmapmuwnf;u
xGufawGYcsifaewmygAsm/ usKyfyg&if u,fq,fa&;vkyfief; t&dSeft[kefawG
ysufukefrSmyJvdkY qifjcifawG;ac:jyD;? yk*¾vduqE´xuf 'ku©onfawG&JY ta&;
udk OD;pm;ay;jyD; ESpfywfausmfaemufusjyD;rS vmawGYwmygAsm/
'k-EdkifiHawmftMuD;tuJ / / (cyfaxGaxG avoHjzifY ) 'Dvdktajrmftjrifrsm;?
iguykdawmif&dSao;/ tckxd bmrSrvkyfao;yJ qifjcifawG;ac:aewkef;uG/
( wifjyol- mgpo  )
aemufrSt0pm;yg
u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;rsm;tifwkduftm;wkduf aqmif&Gufaeonf[k qdkaom
0efMuD;csKyfudk 'ku©onf&Gmom;wpfa,mufu ar;onf/
]tMuD;tuJajymawmh acwfrDzGHjzdK;wdk;wufjyD; pnf;urf;jynfh0wJh 'Drdkua&pD
EdkifiHudkoGm;aew,fqdk? tckuRefawmfwdkYrSm pm;p&m?aep&m?0wfp&mawmif
r&Sdygvm;}
0efMuD;csKyf/

/oGm;aeygw,fAsm/ vrf;rSmbmvdkYpm;rSmvJ/ a&mufawmhrS

t0pm;aygh/
( wifjyol-  coolcupid )
102

qkwHqdyfawGbmaMumifhrsm;
ppfom;wpfa,mufu &ifbwfrSm qkwHqdyfokH;ck csdwfxm;w,f/
wpfa,mufuar;ygw,f/
- 'DqkwHqdyfawGu b,fvdkawGajumifh&xm;wmvJ/
ppfom;av;uvnf; taotcsm &Sif;jyygw,f/
- 'DyxrOD;qkH;&cJhwJh qkwHqdyfu uRefawmfrSm bmqkwHqdyfrS r&Sdao;vdkh
ay;wJhqkwHqdyfyg/
'D'kwd,qkwHqdyfuawmh yxrqkwHqdyf&xm;wJholudkrS ay;wJhqkwHqdyfyg/
'Dwwd,qkwHqdyfuusawmh

yxreJh'kwd,qkwHqdyf

&xm;jyD;wJholudkrS

csD;jrSifhwmrdkvdkh &xm;wmygwJh/
wkdYaygwmMuD;awG qkwHqdyf awGrsm;ae&csif;taMumif; &Sif;&Sif;vif;&Sif;
odygNyD...
( oli,fcsif;awG bavmh uul;vmwmyg...)
cifwJh
xkqpfol

103

yHkrSeftajctae
ar; - &efukefNrdKUBuD; 80% yHkrSefjyefjzpfqdkAs
ajz - rjzpfao;ygbl;As
ar; - 'geJY ae&mawmfawmfrsm;rsm; vQyfppfrD; 24 em&D jyef&aeNyDqkd
ajz - tJ'gukdu yHkrSefjyefrjzpfao;wmayghAs
rSwfcsuf

-

vQyfppfrD;jyef&aomae&mrsm;

rsm;vmonfESifhtrQ

yHkrSef

rD;jyefjywfpjyKvmNyD jzpfygaMumif; 0rf;omp&mowif;aumif; yg;tyfygonf/
....
nyangyi 

pumvdrfjyufvHk;
vl&TifawmfESpfOD; jyufvHk;xkwfaeMuygonf/
udk*Gwdk / / rif;orD;u igYudkb,fvdkac:vnf; odvm;/
udk*G&Snf / / b,fvdkac:vJ/
udk*Gwdk / / [D; [D;? “wkdkwdk” “wdkwdk” wJY/

104

udk*G&Snf / / tHr,f? b,fwkef;u jrifoGm;vdkYvJ/
udk*Gwdk / / [m? b,fu jrifoGm;&rSvJ/ emrnfudk cspfpEdk;ac:wm/ cspfpEdk;
ac:wm/
udk*G&Snf / / 'gjzifY igvnf;ar;r,f/ igwkdYbbMuD;udk MudKifMudKifu
b,fvdkac: ovJ/
udk*Gwdk / / rodbl;/
udk*G&Snf / / rod&ifrSwfxm;/ “oef;a&” “oef;a&” vdkYac:w,f/
udk*Gwdk / / tHr,f? cspfpEdk;av; ac:wmbJvm;/
udk*G&Snf / / b,fuvm[kwf&rSmvJ/ aotxdatmif &rf;EdkifatmifvdkY 
“ao&rf;” “oef;a&” qdkjyD; ajrSmufay;aewmuGJY/ 
mgpo

105

emrnftjynfYtpHku ...
oli,fcsif;ESpfa,muf pum;aNymaeMuygonf/
1 / / a[ wkdY aygwmMuD;awGeJY *syefoHtrwfMuD;wkdY awGqkHyGJvkyfw,fuG/
2 / / bmtwGufvJ.../
1/ / oHtrwfu pufwifbmwkef;u wpfcgrdkufNyD;NyD? ckwpfcg em*pfrSm
NynfolawGukd enf;enf;MunhfygOD;vkdY qkdw,fwJh/
2 / / tHr,f? MuD;aygMuD;awGu bmwJhwkef;/
1 / / [m? oHtrwfuvnf; usKyfrkdufEkdifwkef; rkduf&wm...awmfMum
urÇmhckH;&kH;wYkd? t0DpdwkdYuac:vm&if b,fvkdqufrkdufvkdY&rvJqkdNyD; MuD;rkduf
MuD;awGuqkdowJh /
2/ / a[... qkd;yghuGm.../
1 / / oHtrwfuvnf; awmfawmfvnf; aNymNyD;a&m ...aemufqkH;b,fvkdrS
aNymr&rJh twlwl qkdNyD; EIwfquf Nyefygava&mwJh...NyefcgeD; wpfa,muf
csif;qDukd vufqGJEIwfqufwJhtcg *syefeHrnfav; aNymNyD; EIwfqufw,fwJh/
2 / / *syefeHrnff....??? /
1 / / at;uG ...Jing Soe  wJh /
2 / / bmt"dyÜg,fua&m.../
1 / / bmvJawmh aNymroGm;bl;uG aygwmMuD;wkdYuawmh *syefeHrnf topf
av;&NyDqkdNyD;...tMuD;tus,faysmfaeMuav&Jh.../

wzGJYvkH;uvnf;

vkdcsif

eHrnfuvnf; wpfvkH;xJay;oGm;wmqkdawmh ... ol,lr,f ig,lr,feJY
Niif;MuckefMuygava&mwJh...

106

aemufqkH;awmh pDeD,mtvkduf 

Jing  Soe  1,  2  ,  3, 

... qkdNyD; ,lzkdY

oabmwlvkdufMua&mwJhuGm.../
*syefoHtrwfMuD;wkdY

*syefNyefa&mufawmh

vkyfw,fuG/ rD'D,mawGu a'geJYarmeJY 
0kdif;ar;Muwmav...
eHrnfawGbmawGay;NyD;

vlawGu

olwkdYrD'D,mawGeJY
jing  soe 

'Davmufrkef;aewm

&if;&if;ESD;ESD;

awGYqkHyGJ

qkdwm bmvJqkdNyD;
bmvkdY

'if;wkdYukd

qufqH&ovJayghuGm.../

oHtrwfuawmh at;at;aq;aq;ygyJ...olu  “ao”  wpfvkH; NzKwfac:
vkdufwmygwJh...Nrefrm pum;ygyJwJhAsm.../ 
htusitthu 

a&G;&r,fqdk&if ...
vlwa,mufu rkqdk;wOD;tm; ar;onf/
ar; / / cifAsm;awGYzl;wJY tEÅ&m,ftMuD;qHk; wd&pämefoHk;aumifudk ajymjyyg/
ajz / / usm;&,f .. jcaoFY&,f .. tJ .. oef;a&T&,faygYAsm/

107

ar;

/

/

qdkygawmY?

cifAsm;

tJ'DoHk;aumifvHk;eJY

wjydKifwnf;

&ifqdkifawGYw,fAsm/ 'gayr,fY cifAsm;aoewfxJrSm usnfqefESpfawmifYwnf;
ygr,fqdk b,ftaumifawGudk a&G;jyD; ypfrvJ/
ajz / / oef;a&TudkyJ ESpfcsufqifY ypfvdkufrSmaygY/ 
mgpo 

om;wkdYodom;yJ ...
'gav;uawmhwu,fhtjzpfrSefav;yg/
&efukefu wyf0if;twGif;urlvwef;ausmif;rSmaygh
q&mr/ /wynfhwdkYa& tckwdkif;jynfudktkyfcsKyfaewJh AdkvfcsKyfBuD; wpfa,muf
emrnfudkod&ifajymyguG,f/
ausmif;om;rsm;/ /AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;
q&mr/ /[Jh...uav;awG emawmhrSmyJ/ AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;u r&Sdawmh
bl;uG,fh.. igajymwmu AdkvfcsKyfBuD;oef;a&Tudk ajymcsifwm/
ausmif;om;rsm;/ /odygw,fq&mr? q&mrajymwJhvlBuD;ut&rf;qdk;vdkYyg..
('gawmifuav;awGu 3wef;yJ&Sdao;wmaemf)
tu,f'rD

108

pum;ryDvdkYyg
awmifilom;awG “cs” eJY “&S” rSefatmif rajymwwfwm usL;ypfrsm;
odMurSmygaemf/ tJovdk pum;ryDwmaMumifYyJ tckajymr,fY [moav;
jzpfvm&ygowJY/
wcgwkef;u AdkvfcsKyfcifnGefY wdkif;cef;vSnfYvnfrSmrdkY
Xmeqdkif&mvlMuD;awG[m jrdKYe,ftpnf;ta0;cef;rrSm reuftapmMuD;xJu
apmifYaeMu&owJY/ awmfawmfaejrifYwJYtxd ay: rvmawmY vlawGvnf;
acgif;wvSnfYvSnfY vnfwarmYarmY jzpfaeMuygowJY/
tJ'Dvdkjzpfaewkef; tcrf;tem;rSL;&JY aMunmoHxGufvmygw,f/ 
“{nfYonfawmfrsm;cifAsm? Adkvf&SKyfMuD;eJYtzGJY a&mufvmawmYrSm jzpfwJYtwGuf
tqifoifY ae&m,lay;Muyg&ef” wJY/
tcrf;tem;rSL; awmifilom;uawmY olYzmol pum;ryDrSef;awmif
owdjyKrd[ef rwlygbl;/ “Adkvf&SKyfMuD;” “Adkvf&SKyfMuD;” eJY txyfxyf
qufjyD;aMunmaevdkufwm atmufu y&dówfcrsm &,f&cuf?
atmifYxm;&cufeJY awmfawmf 'ku©a&mufcJYMu&ygowJY/
tJ'Duwnf;u awmifilom;rsm; tcrf;tem;rSL;vkyfcdkif;zdkYawmY awmfygjyDvdkY
jzpf&owJY/ [kwfr[kwfawmYrod? Mum;zl;wmyg/

109

usL;ypfrsm;uawmY awmifilom;xGufwJYtoHurS trSefvdkYrsm;
ajymMuvm;rodbl;aemf/ 
mgpo 

wdkifay;vdkufyHku
awmifilom;rsm; wcsdKhpmvHk;ryDwm

trSefygbJ/ tJaemufwpfckuvnf;

wu,fjzpfwm/ rqvacwfwkef;u/ tcrf;tem;wpfckrSm/
tcrf;tem;rI;uvnf; xHk;pHtwkdif; csif;BuD;aygh/ tcrf;tem;awG xHk;pHt&
EkdifiHawmf tvHukd tav;jyKvkdh jyD;&if usqHk;avjyD;aom AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef;
ESifhwuG

tmZmenfacgif;aqmifBuD;rsm;tm;

tav;jyKvkdhqkdjyD;/

yxr

EkdifiHawmftav;jyKuawmh csif;BuD; ajzmifhajzmifhygbJ/ 'kwd, usawmh
pmvHk;rsm;awmh csif;BuD;arhoGm;w,f/ 'gayrJh AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef;eJh tmZmenf
acgif;aqmifBuD;awG usqHk;oGm;wm u &efukefqkdwmukdawmhodw,f/ 'geJh
wkdifay;vkdufwmu [kd;&efukefjrdKhrSm usqHk;oGm;wJh vlawGukd tav;jyKwJh/ 
Zulu

110

GOOD TIPS TO GET YOU FEEL BETTER 

1. Open a new file in your computer. 

2. Name it "THAN SHWE" 

3. Send it to the trash. 

4. Empty the trash. 

5.  Your  PC  will  ask  you,  "Do  you  really  want  to  get  rid  of  "THAN 
SHWE"? " 

6. Firmly Click "Yes." 

7. Feel better. 

written by baung

111 

wd&dpämefawG
wd&pämef&lHu wd&dpämefawG aejynfawmfudk a&TUaepOfuyg/
tdrfu orD;i,fav;u *sme,fwpfapmifudkMunfUNyD;  “azaza& wd&pämefawG
awmUaejynfawmfudkajymif;oGm;NyD/ &efukefrSmr&SdawmUbl;”  vdkU qdkvmwm
aMumifU ab;tdrfu &yfuGufvlMuD; rMum;cif rkefUauR;NyD; yg;pyfydwf
vkduf&ygw,fcifAs// 
sideeffect 

awmif;yHkawmif;enf;
jrefrmEdkifiHom;wpfa,mufeJU rav;&Sm;EdkifiHom;wpfa,muf pum;EdkifNydKifvk
aeMuygw,f/
jrefrmEdkifiHom; ]] rif;wdkUqDrSm olawmif;pm; &Sdvm; }}
rav;EdkifiHom; ]] &SdwmaygUuG}}
jrefrm ]]b,fvdkawmif;vJuG}}
rav; ]][ cGufqGJawmif;wmaygU}}
jrefrm ]] at; igwdkUqDrSm rif;wdkUxuftqifUjrifUw,fuG/ igwdkUqDrSm
olawmif;pm;awGu cGufrqGJawmUbl;/ aAsmufqJGNyD;awmif;wmuG/ r,Hk&if
'DrSmMunfU }} qdkNyD; em*pftwGuf tvSLvufcHaewJU owif;pmawG
xkwfjyvdkufwm rav;vlrsdK;&SHK;oGm;ygw,fcifAsm///// 
sideeffect

112

pGrf;tm;&SifawGac:vdkuf&rvm;
&efukefNrdKU&JU qifajczHk;rSmNrdKUe,fwpfck&JU ae0if&Dwa&mtcsdefrSm
trsKd;orD;wpfOD;udk bkef;BuD;wapäu 0ifa&mufyl;uyfaESmuf,Sufaeygw,f/
&yfuGuftwGif;rSm&SdwJU wwfuRrf;em;vnfwJUvlMuD;awGvnf;
bkef;BuD;wapäxGufoGm;atmifrwwfEkdifBuygbl;/
&yfuGufausmif;ubkef;BuD;awGvnf; y&dwf&Gwf? urfr0gzwfayr,fU
r&wJUtwGuf vufavQmUvdkuf&ygw,f/
tJ'DUtcsdefrSm vlwpfa,mufu
bkef;BuD;wapäyl;uyfaewJU trsdK;orD;em;uyfNyD; pum;wkd;wdk;ajymvkdufwm
csufcsif;qdkovdk bkef;BuD;wapäxGufoGm;ygava&m/ tJ'DawmU
tm;vHk;vJthHMojyD; bmrsm;ajymvkdufwmvJvdkU0dkif;ar;vdkufwJUtcgrSmawmU
]]vG,fvG,fav;ygAsm ? pGrf;tm;&SifawGac:vdkuf&rvm; vdkUajymvdkufwmaygU}}
wJUav//// 
khoon

113

a,mufsm;Edkifenf;
uGsefawmfYoli,fcsif;awGxJrSm

rdef;rt&rf;EdkifwJY

olwa,muf&dSw,f/

oltjrJa<u;aMumfwwfwmu rdef;rEdkifwm rcHcsifvdkYudk udk,fxufomwJY
rdef;rrdsK; &SmjyD;r,lcJYwmaygYuGwJY/
olYt,ltqeJYolawmY

[kwfaewmygyJ/

olYrdef;ru

&kyf&nfuvnf;

&GufMurf;a&usdK? ynmvnf;odyfrwwf? Opöm&dStodkif;t0dkif;uvnf;r[kwf
qdkawmY

tdrfaxmifOD;pD;jzpfwJY uGsefawmfYoli,fcsif;uyJ

Edkifcsifwdkif;Edkif

aewmaygY/
'DuaeY
udkawGYvdkY

tJ'Doli,fcsif;eJYqHkrdwm
ar;MunfYawmY?

olYrsufESmay:rSm

olYrdef;r

'Pf&m'PfcsufawG

aqmfyavmfwD;vTwfvdkufwmvdkY

cyf&Suf&SufeJY jyefajzw,f/
uGsefawmfvnf; tHYtm;oifYwmeJY? b,fwkef;upjyD; rif;rdef;r rif;udkEdkifoGm;
&wmvJ vdkYar;awmY ...
igYrdef;r trsdK;orD;a&;&mtzGJYxJ 0ifjyD;uwnf;u tcsdK;ajymif;oGm;wmyJuGm...
wJY/
'Dowif; tdrfurdef;r Mum;oGm;&if 'ku©/ rjzpfao;bl;? trsdK;om;a&;&mtzGJY
qdkwma&m&dSvm; pHkprf;xm;OD;rS jzpfrSmyg/ 
mgpo

114

atb,fnmbD
uRefawmfMum;zl;wJY ysufvHk;av;u
AdkvfcsKyfatb,fvf

u

udkZm*em

udkaxmifxJrxnfYcifrSm

ar;bl;w,fqdkwJYpum;yg....

MumaejyDaygY.....

udkZm*emudk AdkvfcsKyfatb,fvfuwcFEkywådOmPft&rf;aumif;w,fqdkawmY
txJra&mufcif[moav;wckajymjyEdkifrvm;vdkYar;w,f....
udkZm*emuvnf;csufcsif;bJjyefajzygw,f.....
Zm*em / / [kwfuJY uRefawmfYvufESpfzufrSm t*Fvdyftu©&m  A  eJYB 
udkudkifxm;ygw,f 
A  udkb,fzufvuf

?  B  udknmzufvuf

'gqdkb,fvdkajymrvJ.....
AdkvfcsKyf / / A b,f nm B aygY........
Zm*em / / [kwfygw,f atb,f nmbDaygYAsm......
b,favmufxda&mufwJY ysufvHk;av;vJ......... 
wipper

115

rSmudkifxm;ygw,f......

Zm*emjyufvHk;rsm;
wcgwkef;u Zm*emudk axmifxJrSm rqv0efMuD;csKyf OD;armifarmifcu
ac:awGUw,fqdkyJ/ Zm*emu oa&mfwmawmfvGef;awmh olYudk b,fvdk
oa&mfrvJqdkNyD;

OD;armifarmifcu

odcsifaeygw,f/

OD;armifarmifcu

aemufvdkufaemufygawGeJY

Zm*emudk

xkH;pHtwdkif;
vmawGUw,f

qdkygawmh/ ESpfzufawGUMuawmh Zm*emu OD;armifarmifc&JU rsufrSefudk
cPiSm;vdkufygw,f/ OD;armifarmifcvJ bkrodbrodeJY iSm;vdkufwmaygh/
Zm*emu rsufrSefudkaoaocsmcsmwyfMunfhygw,f/ NyD;awmh cyfvSrf;vSrf;u
ckHwckrSm tNidrfhom;oGm;xdkifNyD; odyfrNrif&wJhykHpHeJY ]]tefu,f? tefu,fhudk
Munfh&wm

awmfawmf0g;aew,f?

0g;aewmyJ}}

qdkNyD;

tefu,fhtaemufuvlawGtm;vkH;vJ

cyfwnfwnfeJY

OD;armifarmifcwa,muf

aNymcsvdkufygw,f/

bmrSrwwfEdkifbJ

tJvdkeJY

vSnfhNyefvmcJh&w,fvdkY

Mum;zl;ygw,f/
aemufwcku Zm*emtNidrfhwpfckrSm ysufvkH;ysufwm tpdk;&udkxdyg;w,fqdkNyD;
&Jpcef;u ac:owday;ygw,f/ olYudk aemif'DvdkawGysuf&if bmvkyfr,f?
nmvkyfr,fqdkNyD; oufoufn§mn§m owday;w,fvdkY aNym&rSmaygh/ olwdkYvJ
auseyfavmufatmif
Zm*emudk

aNymNyD;wJhtcg

pcef;rª;u

at;at;aq;aq;

]]'gavmufyJ

ESifvTwfvdkufygw,f/

ukvm;xdkifuaerMuGawmh
ar;ygw,f/

rsufESmaoav;eJY em;axmifaewJh

tJ'DrSm

ukvm;xdkifay:xkdifNyD;&if

olYudk

cifAsm;NyefEdkifygNyD}}
Zm*emu

bmvdkYxrNyefwmvJqdkNyD;

Zm*emu

]]q&m&,f

Nyefrqif;wwfawmhbl;}}
116

qdkNyD;

qdkNyD;

pcef;rª;a&SUu
pcef;rª;u
uRefawmfu
aNymvdkufvdkY

at;at;aq;aq;

ac:owday;wJh

&JawG

Zm*emudk

em;befESpfcsuf

okH;csufavmuf usif;vdkufygava&mwJh/ 
Mini_Me 

odawmYodygw,f
uGefjrLepf0g'usqkH;jyD;wJhaemufrSm vlwpfa,muf[m aumfzDqdkifwpfqdkifxJ
vrf;avSsmuf0ifvmjyD; uGefjrLepfowif;pmwpfapmifukdar;ygw,f/
usaemfwkdh uGefjrLepfowif;pmawGrxm;awmhbl; cifAsm
pm;yGJxdk;av;u &dk&dkaoaoajzygw,f/cPMumawmh tJ'D{nfhonfu
uGefjrLepfowif;pmxyfar;ygjyefa&m/ pm;yGJxkd;av;u
usaemfwdkhqDrSm uGefjrLepfowif;pmawG rxm;wmMumygjyDcifAs
vdkhxyfajzygw,f/ rdepftenf;i,fMumjyefawmh tJ'Dolu
uGefjrLepfowif;pmxyfar;jyefygw,f/ pdwfwdkvmwJhpm;yGJxdk;av;u
usaemfwdkh uGefjrLepfowif;pmawG rxm;wmMumjyDvdkh
ajymaewmcifAsm;em;rvnfbl;vm;
{nfhonfu tckvdk jyefajymygw,f/
tif;odygw,f/ 'gayr,fh tJovdk jyefajymaewmMum;&wm
em;0ifyD,HjzpfvGef;vdkhygAsm/ vkyfygOD;/xyfajymygOD;uGm 
Source : Russian Jokes 

happyvalley

117

aysmfp&mawGrsm;ygwJY igwdkY&JYwdkif;jynf
wavmu EdkifiHjcm;a&mufaewJY oli,fcsif;wa,mufqDu pm&ygw,f/
oli,fcsif;
.................................................. ...........................
.................................................. ..............................
jrefrmjynfrSmwkef;u

tjyifuae

tdrfjyefa&mufjyDqdk&if

rD;vmvm;?

rvmvm;qdkwmodatmif rD;cvkwfudkzGifYMunfYwwfwJY tusifYuygaeawmY?
'Dudka&mufcgpuqdk&if

tvkyfuae

udk,fYtcef;udkjyefa&mufw,fqdk

rD;cvkwfudk a,mifa,mifjyD; zGifYMunfYaewwfao;w,f/ aemuf.. Mumvm
awmYrS

ig..jrefrmjynfrSm

r[kwfawmYygvm;vdkY

owd0ifvmwwf,if;

tJ'DtusifYvnf;aysmufoGm;ygw,f/
'gayr,fYoli,fcsif;a&
rD;vm&ifvJaysmf&? a&vm&ifvJaysmf& qdkwJY jrefrmjynfu &ufav;awGudkyJ

118

atmufarYaerdygw,f/
.................................................. ......................................
.................................................. .........................................
rif;&JYoli,fcsif;
.............
...wJY/
ola&;jyawmYrSyJ

udk,fwdkif;jynfvnf;

b,favmufaysmfp&maumif;w,f

qdkwm od&awmYw,f/ [kwfuJY? aysmfp&mawG wu,frsm;ygwJY uGsefawmfwdkY
&JY wdkif;jynfvdkYyJ qdkvdkufcsifygw,fAsm/ 
mgpo

119

wvHk;0w¦K
jrefrmjynfrSm wrsufeSm0w¦KawG waMumif;0w¦KawGtaMumif; us,fus,f
avmifavmifacwfpm;wkef;u pma&;q&mwa,mufu&GJYjyD; wvHk;0w¦KqdkjyD;
a&;vdkufwmav;yg ....
pma&;q&memrnfeJY pmtkyfudkrrSwfrdvdkY rudk;um;edkifwm cGifhvTwfay;yg ....

]rD;jyefvmcsdef}
a[;............... 

zzz

120

,kHMunfcsuf
ouú&mZff2010 ..
acwftpm;qkH;owif;uawmY

udk;xyfBuD;bk&m;a&SUu

ewf&kyfAkdufyl

2

&kyfygyJ/ olwdkYa&SYrSm rrSefwJY pum;vmajym&if zaemifYeJY xaygufMuvdkYyg/
oufaojycsifwJY orD;&nf;pm;awG? aiGa&;aMu;a&; pm&if;&Sif;csifolawGeJY
pnfum;aeygw,f/

olwdkY

AvBuD;awGeJY

qdkawmY

vdrfajymrd&if

racsmifbl;rSwf ..
tJ'DrSm jynfolawG&JU ,kHMunfrIudk &csifwJY trwfavmif; 3 a,mufu
tMuH&oGm;w,f/ ewf&kyfBuD;awGa&SUrSm olwdkY ,kHMunfcsufawGudk usdefjyr,f?
'gqdk jynfolawG vTwf,kHNyDaygY ..
tJ'geJY ygwDtrwfavmif;&,f? BuHYzGwftrwfavmif;&,f ? wrwfom;
trwfavmif;&,f twlwlvmMuw,f ..
ygwDtrwfavmif; / / uRefawmfY ,kHMunfcsufuawmY ]jynfolawGtwGuf
'Drdkua&pD o,faqmifvmzdkYygyJ}
(zkef; .. zkef; .. ewf2yg;u wa,mufwcsuf zaemifYeJY 0dkif;aygufMuygw,f)
ewf 2 yg;/ / jynfoltwGufrajymeJY rif;udk,fwdkifawmif vGwfvGwf
vyfvyfajymvdkY&vm;uG/

121

BuHUzGwftrwfavmif; / / uRefawmfY ,kHMunfcsufuawmY ]jynfoludk
vlrIa&;vkyfief;awGeJY tvkyftaMuG;jyKzdkYyg}
(zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. ewf2yg;u wa,mufESpfcsuf zaemifYeJY
0dkif;aygufMuygw,f)
ewf 2 yg;/ / em*pfwkef;u rif;b,fa&mufaevJ[if? xyfaygufvdkuf& ..
wrwfom;trwfavmif; / / uRefawmfY ,kHMunfcsuf ..
(zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; ..
zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; ..
pum;awmifrqkH;ao; ewf2yg;u r&yfrem; zaemifYeJY aygufawmYwmygyJ)
wrwfom;trwfavmif; / / ae .. ae .. MuygOD; .. uRefawmfbmrS
rajym&ao;bl;av ..
ewf2yg; / / ,kHMunfcsuf .. rif;wdkYrSm ,kHMunfcsuf rS r&Sdwm ..
uJ .. vdrftkef;uGm .. (zkef; .. zkef; .. zkef; ..) 
cohtet

122

tEå&m,fuif;atmif pDpOfay;xm;ygvsuf
rD;tifrwef rSefwJh e,fNrdKUuav; wpfckrSm tawmfMum aezl;ygw,f/
r,Hkr&dSeJU olrSefyHku 'Dvdk/ wpfaeUudk rD;ESpfem&Dvmygw,f/ twdtusyJ?
ckepfem&Dvm udk;em&Dao/ rydkvJ rydkbl;? rvkdvJ rvdkbl;/ usaemfwdkU taeeJU
tvkyfvkyf&wm tawmfyJ tqifajywmuvm;/ a&pufqdkvJ tNrJwrf;
zGifhxm;vkduf&Hk? tdrfu rD;cvkyfawG qdkvJ ydwfp&mrvdk? vSsyfppf a&aEG;tdk;
xrif;tdk; qdkvJ a&av;xnfhNyD; tqifoifh yvyfwyfxdk;xm;vdkuf&Hkaygh/
tpdk;&u

vlawGudk

vdkavao;r&dS

xm;yHkrsm;

rD;awG

a&awG

ydwfwmzGifhwmawmif udk,fhvufeJUudk,f vkyfp&m r&dSbl;aygh/ 'Davmuf
pDpOfay;xm;vsufu

"mwfvdkufaowJh

romu

wjcm;[kwf&dk;vm;.. tbtdrfu um;armif;wJh &Jabmfav;aygh/ 
palmtree

123

&dSao;Asm../

“vdyfpm ... wdkif;rSL;tdrf0if;” 
wcgu aq;&HkMuD;wck&JY ta&;ay: Xmeudk AdkufatmifYwJYvlemwa,muf
a&mufvmygw,f/

t&ifqHk;

vlem&JYudk,fa&;&mZ0ifudkar;&wmaygY/ 

“bmtvkyfvkyfovJ” 
“wdkif;rSL;&JYum; armif;ygw,f” 
“b,frSmaevJ” 
“wdkif;rSL;tdrf;0if;xJrSmyJ aeygw,f” 
wm0efusq&m0efav;u

vlemrSwfwrf;pm&Gufay:rSm? 

“tvkyftudkif-‘

'&dkifbm? vdyfpm-wdkif;rSL;tdrf0if;”  vdkYjznfYjyD;? aq&Hk;&Hkwifay;vdkufygw,f/
‘'gayr,fY

'grsdK;qdkwm

aq;&HktkyfMuD;qD

csufcsif;owif;ydkY&r,fY

xl;jcm;jzpfpOfwckjzpfaew,fqdkwmudk tvkyfyg;r0ao;wJY q&m0efav;u
rodvdkY owif;rydkYvdkufrdbl;wJY/ 'geJY aq;&HktkyfMuD;crsm wdkif;rSL;MuD;&JY
'&dkifbmudk

nwGif;csif;

oGm;zm;Edkifr,fY

tcGifYta&;MuD;

qHk;&HI;oGm;

&awmYwmaygY/
aemufaeYrS

'DtaMumif;udkodoGm;wJY

vlemudkoGm;jyD;

owif;ar;?

tvum;ay;zdkYutp)

aq;&HktkyfMuD;[m

vdktyfwmawG

tukefvkyfay;zdkY

(

q&m0efawGudk

uref;uwrf;
aq;awGtukef
nTefMum;eJY

awmfawmftvkyf&IyfoGm;&ygw,f/ aemufawmY nu*sLwDuswJY q&m0ef

124 

awGudk

ac:jyD;?

Mudrf;armif;awmYwmygyJ/

q&m0efav;uvnf;

aMumufaMumufeJY jyef&Sif;jy&wmaygY/ 
“vlemu '&dkifbmtqifYavmufqdkawmY uGsefawmfvnf; odyfta&;rMuD;bl;
xifvdkufvdkYyg q&mMuD;” 
“wdkif;rSL;&JYtdrfuqdk&if '&dkifbmutp ta&;MuD;w,fqdkwm oabmayguf
&rSmaygYuG” 
'Dae&mrSm aemufq&m0efav;wa,muf 0ifajymwmu .. 
“uGsefawmf aoaocsmcsmar;MunfYawmY olYq&mu wdkif;rSL;awmYwdkif;rSL;?
'gayr,fY ppfwyfuwdkif;rSL; r[kwfbl;/ &Jwdkif;rSL;wJYq&mMuD;” 
'DawmYrS aq;&HktkyfMuD;vnf; enf;enf;pdwfoufom&m&oGm;wJYyHkeJY  “vcGD;rSyJ
... vdyfpmudk wdwdususra&;Mubl;” vdkY&Suf&SufeJYajymjyD; olY&JYqlylwmawGudk
&yfvdkufawmYowJY/
aemufaeYawGrSmawmY aq;&HktkyfMuD;[m tJ'Dvlemudk udk,fwdkif oGm;rMunfY
awmYyJ? wynfYwa,mufa,mufudkyJ owif;ar;cdkif;wmavmufyJvkyfawmYwJY
taMumif;?

'DZmwfvrf;udkjyefajymjywJY

ajymygw,f/

125

uGsefawmYfoli,fcsif;q&m0efu

[kwfw,fav? zm;w,fqdkwJYae&mrSm b,ftwdkif;twmtxd zm;&rvJ
qdkwmvnf;

pOf;pm;&ao;w,f

r[kwfvm;/

t&Sufajy

'DavmufqufjyD;

vkyfay;aewmaemf/

'&dkifbmrsm;jzpfaevdkYuawmY

&Jwdkif;rSL;&JY'&dkifbmrdkYom

bmrSawmifqufjyD;

rD;owfwdkif;rSL;&JY
zm;jyaep&m

rvdkawmYbl;av/ 
mgpo 

b,fuAdkvfMuD;vJ
'gu wu,fjzpfcJhwmyg/ tmPmodrf;jyD; ptcsdef? e0w u jrdKh&Gm?
&ufuGufawGtxdqif;jyD; &yf&GmudpöawGukd vkyfaewJhtcsdefaygh/ tvHkjrdKhe,f
rSmyg/ ppfwyfu &ufuGufxJtxd qif;jyD; tpnf;a0;yGJvkyfw,f/ 'DvkdeJh
ppfwyfu wm0ef&Sdolu olu b,fwyfu? b,f&mxl; tqifhaygh/ 'DvkdeJh
&ufuGufxJu vlawGeJh rdwfqufawmh wpfa,mufu olu AkdvfBuD;
b,folaygh vkdhajymawmh ppfwyfu yk*¾KdvfeJeJ jzHKoGm;w,f/ [m AkdvfBuD;vm;?
vmyg usaemhem;rSm vmxkdifygaygh/ 'DvkdeJh ppfwyfuvlu owd&awmh
ar;w,f/ AkdvfBuD;u b,fwyfuvJaygh/ tJh'd AkdvfBuD; ajzvkdufwmuawmh
t&HrD;owfuygwJh/ 
Zulu

126

&GufqpfvTwfvdkufwmqdk&if ... oGm;
aemifawmfawGajymawmh owd&wmav; ajymOD;r,f/ wu,f jzpfcJUwmaygh/
&Srf;jynfe,f a&SUwef;pcef;wpfckrSmaygh/ naecif; uif;ODu csif;&Jabmfav;/
vljzLwdkU

wyfudka&mufwmvnf;

3

v

awmifrjynfhao;bl;/

acsmif;xJa&qif;csKd;aewJU

wyfcJGt&mcHAdkvfBuD;u

a&SUwef;qdkwmvnf; 'gyxrqHk;aygh/
olUuif;csdefrwdkifcifu

olUuif;csdefrSm pcef;xJjyef0ifwmaygh/uif;orm;u ar;wmaygh/
]] &yf..b,folvJ.. }}
q&mBuD;uvnf; pcsif aemufcsifwmeJU/
]]

ig

vG,fwdkif;vQH

ppfXmecsKyfu?

&GufqpfvTwfvdkufwm/

rif;wdkU

wyf&if;rSL;eJU awGUcsifvdkU... }}
csif;&Jabmfav;u..
]]

'gqdk..

oGm;... }}

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127

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gdchaos

128

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cohtet

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htusitthu

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naythawtar

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koluchaw

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gdchaos

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bubble029

137

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