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PRESENTED BY: M. Haris Wali Raza
Dated :13th October, 2010
What is Poultry?
Poultry comes from the LATIN word, ´POULEµ, which means to ´HANGµ. Poultry is a category of domesticated birds kept by humans for the purpose of their EGGS and MEAT. Poultry include Chicken, Turkey, Ducks, and Geese.
Importance of Poultry
In poultry, short period is required for growth and marketing. Can adjust rapidly to changing economic factors i.e feed, availability, cost, number of birds on feed. Other livestock industries require longer length of time from birth to market (e.g. Cattle)
.. . palatable and nutritious food protein.7 grams per head per day.e 102. Poultry products are relatively inexpensive. Chicken meat and eggs are a rich source of protein which helps in fulfilling the requirement i. Poultry meat is considered to be the most hygienic kind of all meats. It has proved to be a profitable business and is a good source of cheap.Cont.
8% Number of Poultry Farms is 28.8% Contribution in total meat production is 23. Currently Pakistan is at the 11th Rank in Asia in Chicken Meat Production.200 Billion Directly or indirectly employed people are 1.000 Number of Poultry feed mills is 141 Number of Hatcheries is 285 (as per 2008) Current investment in Poultry Sector is Rs.5 million Chicken Meat Production in Pakistan is 707(µ000) Tonnes out of Asia¶s 28691.1(µ000) Tonnes.1% Share in agriculture GDP is 4. Production of Eggs is 11839 Million .Overview Growth of poultry sector is 15-20 % per annum Per Capita Consumption is 3.696 Kg Share in GDP is 1.
Later on. when the first modern hatchery unit in karachi was established. the investments have taken keen interest in this sector .Brief history Poultry as on commercial scale in the private sector started due to pioneering effect made by PIA in 1965.
The commercial poultry farming emerged through the combined efforts of government and private sector. .Cont«« Result of which substantial development has taken place towards expansion of this industry. Now commercial poultry production is concentrated around the large urban centers in the province of sindh and punjab.
In Sindh and Punjab Karachi Mirpurkhas Sukkur Nawabshah As well as in small cities lahore Rawalpindi Bhawalpur Rahimyar khan Mianwali multan .
Commercial farming Rural poultry farming. .e.The Poultry Sector Poultry produced in Pakistan is being developed through two management systems i.
47 30.00 .55 7.34 3484 96.30 28.42 448.79 3611 100.77 7.95 26.54 2007-08 75.51 7620 550.22 9.41 Commercial Poultry Layers Broilers Breeding Stock Day old Chicks Eggs Meat Total Poultry : Day old chicks Poultry Birds Eggs Poultry Meat 000 Tons Million No¶s 418 477 10197 554 456 518 10711 601 499 562 11258 651 000 Tons Million No¶s 24.45 2008-09 76.84 30.70 7.57 3457 98.99 468.The Poultry Sector TYPE : Domestic Poultry : Cocks Hens Chicken Eggs Meat 000 Tons Units Million No¶s 2006-07 74.08 35.11 9.82 370.20 6682 456.25 387.32 36.11 30.92 7136 501.02 8.84 34.61 425.56 407.
DIVISION OF POULTRY INDUSTRY Hatchery sector Poultry farming sector Feed sector .
etc.Division of Poultry Industry 1 Hatchery sector: Backbone of poultry industry. . It is labor intensive and requires investment for working capital mainly for the purchase of feed. chick. vaccination. 2 Poultry farming sector: Rearing of poultry birds / chicks for meat and eggs is classified as poultry farming. Its establishment requires significant investment. Eggs are placed in incubators for 21 days and day old chicks sold to the farming sector.
Feed mills requires huge investments for development of infrastructure. .Division of poultry Poultry farming can further be classified into following three categories: Breeder Farming Layer Farming Broiler Framing 3 Feed sector: Major expense in poultry industry.
sorghum Canola meal Soybean meal Rice polished Guar meal Sunflower meal Limestone and di-calcium phosphate Millet Fish meal 55 to 60% % % % % % % % % 12 5-8 10 4-5 4-5 3-4 3-4 3-4 . Wheat. such as. maize.³70% of the COP is FEED´ Poultry feed comprises of grains. rice.
A good nutrition plays a significant role for optimum production and on a scale of 1 to 10. . it has rating of 7.Role of FEED Role of feed and nutrition for livestock production is as essential as management or animal itself but its fiscal contribution surpasses all other aspects.
. Leghorn.Important Breeds Some of the important breeds are: Buff rock.
Important Breeds Light Sussex Rhodes Island Red .
Important Breeds Fayoumi Dhoki .
Environmental Control Houses Poultry sector is contributing its major share to provide animal protein to common masses and is stiving hard to fulfill the gap of animal protein in the country But this important sector is facing a great problem in the form of heat stress. . resulting into severe shortage of poultry meat. Hot and humid weather conditions coupled with manual and poor management practices increases the mortality in flocks. depresses their growth and makes poultry production an unmanageable and uneconomical pursuit.
providing tunnel ventilation. The ECH with evaporative cooling system. . This has solved the great hurdle of heat stress in the way economical commercial poultry production. The technology of ECH is rapidly becoming popular among broiler producers due to its significant advantages.Cont« The modern trend of environment control houses (ECH) in poultry production has brought a great revolution in poultry industry of Pakistan in the recent years. giving the wind chill has markedly improved the broiler production system.
cutting down the about 60% cost of vaccine and medication against COH. Equal distribution of feed and water to broilers through automatic system in ECH has markedly improved the uniformity up to 95% as compared to 75% in COH. . ECH being complete closed system has minimized the incidence of diseases. . Mortality in ECH has been decreased to 2%-3% as compared to 10% in COH. ECH maintains the uniform temperature round the clock providing very conducive environment to the broilers avoiding fluctuation in the day and night temperature.Advantages of ECH The ECH brings down the temperature by 10 to 15C as compared to the conventional open-sided houses (COH) and makes it comfortable like colder regions.
DISTRIBUTION PRODUCER (88%) WHOLESALER ( 9%) RETAILER (3%) .
Gumboro . respiratory and/or nervous systems. Mycoplasmosis .Affects the digestive. Newcastle Disease .Affects the immune system .Diseases and Side-Effects Some of the Common Diseases are.Affects the respiratory system.
caused by viruses and usually characterized by respiratory symptoms.Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) Avian Influenza is a highly variable disease of domestic and wild birds. Clinical Signs of the disease : 1) Ruffled Feathers 2) Reduced Egg Production 3) Mild effects on the Respiratory System .
The Ministry of Health in Pakistan informed WHO of 8 suspected human cases of H5N1 avian influenza infection in the Peshawar area of the country. The first human-to-human transmission of Avian flu in Pakistan was confirmed by WHO in April 2008 when a poultry worker in Peshawar apparently passed the disease on to members of his family. One of the cases got recovered and a further two suspected cases have since died. .Suspects of Avian Flu In December 2007.
National Programme for the Control and Prevention of Avian Influenza This project is of three years duration (2007-2010) having total allocation of Rs.142 million. 1180. The project is aimed at Development Avian Influenza (AI) surveillance & reporting system & Handling AI outbreaks strengthening diagnostic capabilities & AI vaccine quality control in country. .
000 blood samples. Establishment of Bio Security Lab-3 is under Process.The major achievements of this project Established 40 Surveillance unit. The project collected and analyzed 190.5 million as compensation to Avian Influenza affected farmers. 66 Rapid Response Units (RRUs). Pakistan is maintaining Avian Influenza (bird flu) free status since June 2008. .000 swab samples and more than 200. Disbursed Rs 23.
Electricity -.Linkages Backward ² Feed industry ² Transportation ² Steel and construction -.Fan industry Forward ² Feed industry ² Fertilizers industry ² Textile industry .
2220 Rs. 1400 Rs 162 . 46 Rs.CURRENT PRICING OLD DAY CHICK ( BROILER) EGGS 30 DOZEN CRATE Feed 50/kg Bag Broiler live/kg Rs.
Health centers should be opened that would provide veterinary services to poultry farmers Quick disease diagnostic facilities. Improvements in housing and equipment can provide healthy environment. .Recommendation The industry should be encouraged to invest more to modernize in existing plants and also setup new plants.
Thank you .
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