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Getting Started Using Adams/Durability
• Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial • Modal Stress Recovery Tutorial • nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial • MSC.Fatigue Tutorial
2 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability
Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial
Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 3
This chapter guides you through a tutorial that teaches you how to use Adams/Durability with Adams/View. We assume that you will work through this tutorial in sequential order. Therefore, we give you more guidance in the beginning and less as you proceed through the tutorial. If you choose not to work through the tutorial in sequential order, you may have to reference the beginning sections for some of the basic concepts. This chapter contains the following sections:
• What You Will Create and Simulate • Starting Adams/View and Creating a Database • Applying a Rotational Joint Motion • Applying a Translational Joint Motion • Setting Up Requests • Comparing Physical Test Data with Virtual Test Data • Conclusion
Before doing this tutorial you should be familiar with the basic features of the Adams/View interface. For information about the Adams/View interface, refer to the online help for Adams/View.
This tutorial takes about one hour to complete.
4 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability About Adams/Durability About Adams/Durability Adams/Durability extends the traditional test-based durability design process into the virtual world. damage. you can read and write time history information of loads. forces. and communicates with durability analysis programs such as nSoft. FE-Fatigue. . strains. such as vehicle spindle loads. you can also examine stresses. and accelerations in the following traditional formats: • nCode’s DAC • MTS Systems Corporation’s RPC® (Remote Parameter Control) III Adams/Durability interfaces with measured load histories. and with durability test machines. or fatigue life on flexible components of your virtual system. Using Adams/Durability. With Adams/Durability.
you will simulate the model and output the data in DAC format.2 points per second in a test lab. to verify if the Adams model response to imported physical test data matches the physical model response to the same data. from a physical model. which we developed using CAD data. You will write out response time histories in DAC format and compare this response to output data from a test lab. • After that. • Finally. you validate an Adams kinematic model of an automotive quarter suspension against a physical model. you will define two joint motions that reference spline data and vary over time and cause displacement at the spindle. Wheel Strut_Top Upper_Arm Body Knuckle Rack Tie_Rod Lower_Arm Figure 1 Adams Model of Suspension . you will compare the virtual test data (in DAC format) with physical test data (in RPC III format). • Next.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 5 What You Will Create and Simulate What You Will Create and Simulate In this tutorial. you will instrument the model to monitor the resulting displacement. Figure 1 shows the suspension model. and go through the steps shown next: • First. The physical test data represents 10 seconds of motion data sampled at a rate of 51. You will use Adams/Durability to perform a load cycle on an Adams suspension model using physical test data in RPC III format. You will use an existing Adams model of a quarter vehicle suspension.
please contact your system administrator. Right-click the File To Read text box. Navigate to a drive and directory that you want to use as your working directory. Note: next to the Start in text box. Select the Find Directory tool dialog box. you may need to set the permissions to Full Control to modify the tutorial files. 6.6 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Starting Adams/View and Creating a Database Starting Adams/View and Creating a Database You’ll start by running Adams/View and importing a model called suspension. 9. and select Browse. Do either of the following depending on the platform on which you are running Adams/View: • In UNIX. Set File Type to Adams/View Command File (*. and select OK. point to MSC. This ensures that all your work gets stored in the working directory you selected. and then select Adams . Select OK. point to AView. • In Windows. Select Import a file. Navigate to the directory install_dir/durability/examples. If you need to create a new directory. and select the directory suspension. This displays the Find Directory The Start in text box specifies the working directory that Adams/View uses as the default directory for reading and writing files. Note: On Windows. 3. Adams/View reads all files associated with the model from this new directory. 7.cmd). type the command to start the Adams Toolbar at the command prompt. from the Start menu. The File Import dialog box appears.View. 5. select the Create New Folder button. Select the directory. install_dir is the directory where the Adams software is installed. If you cannot locate this directory. point to MD Adams 2010. and then press Enter. 8. Note: Navigating to a directory makes this new directory the default for file selection. To start Adams and create your database: 1. Select the Adams/View tool . The Select File dialog box appears. but does not change the working directory for saving and writing files. 2. point to Programs. The Welcome dialog box appears in the Adams/View main window. and enter a directory name. . 4.Software.
. Select the file suspension. In the Select File dialog box. 12. The suspension model appears in the Adams/View main window.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 7 Starting Adams/View and Creating a Database 10.cmd. 11. select OK. In the File Import dialog box. select Open.
you’ll create a spline to reference the RPC III file and channel arguments from a test performed on a physical model in a test lab. you’ll apply a rotational joint motion to the Upper_Arm that references a spline function. You supply the test data curve using a SPLINE statement that references a RPC III file.rsp. . From the Build menu. and then select General.8 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Applying a Rotational Joint Motion Applying a Rotational Joint Motion In this section. The INTERP function returns either a derivative of a test data curve or an interpolated value from a test data curve. and reference data in channel 1. point to Spline. point to Data Elements. You will apply the motion using the INTERP function. You will apply the motion as shown next: • Creating a Spline • Defining a Rotational Joint Motion Creating a Spline In this section. To create a spline: 1. You use the RPC III file physical_test.
The Select File dialog box appears with the current directory showing the files in the directory you last selected (install_dir/durability/examples/suspension). Defining a Rotational Joint Motion Now you’ll apply a rotational joint motion to the Upper_Arm revolute joint.suspension.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 9 Applying a Rotational Joint Motion The Data Element Create Spline dialog box appears. 6. Select the file physical_test. 3. enter . Select OK. In the Channel text box. . 7.rsp. using the INTERP function to reference the spline you created in the previous section. In the Spline Name text box. Right-click the File Name text box. 4. 2. This file contains physical test data from a test performed on a physical model in a test lab. Adams/View creates a spline that references the physical test data from channel 1 of the RPC III file.rsp. as shown next. 5. physical_test. enter 1. Select OK. and then select Browse.jounce_data.
Next. right-click the rotational joint motion icon. In your model. From the Motion tool stack in the Main Toolbox. 3. In the New Name text box.10 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Applying a Rotational Joint Motion For more information on the INTERP function. select the Rotational Joint Motion tool 2. To modify the rotational joint motion: 1. based on the referenced spline. you will rename the joint motion so that you can easily identify it. and then select Rename. To rename the rotational joint motion: 1. Select OK. Select Upper_REV as the rotational joint. Adams/View creates a constant-speed rotational joint motion. By default. and then select Modify. point to Motion:MOTION_2. enter jounce_input. . In your model. point to Motion:jounce_input. You want the rotational joint motion to vary over time. . The Rename Object dialog box appears. Adams/View creates a rotational joint motion. To define a rotational joint motion: 1. 2. you will modify the rotational joint motion so that it varies over time. right-click the rotational joint motion icon. refer to the Adams/Solver online help. Therefore. next.
Select OK. you receive an error when you select OK. . INTERP(time. is also a valid entry. which indicates cubic interpolation between data points. 4. 1. jounce_data)*DTOR where: • time is the independent variable that specifies what you are interpolating • 3 is the method of interpolation. enter the following function: 3. 2. 3. Check your function syntax carefully. which indicates linear interpolation. Note: If you enter the function incorrectly.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 11 Applying a Rotational Joint Motion The Impose Joint Motion dialog box shown next appears. In the Function (time) text box. • jounce_data is the name of the referenced spline • DTOR is the angle conversion factor from degrees to radians.
you’ll apply a translational joint motion to the Rack translational joint. and then select General. physical_test. . From the Build menu. you will rename the joint motion so that you can easily identify it. 3. but you reference data in channel 2. enter 2. you’ll create a spline statement to reference the file and channel arguments from a test performed on a physical model in a test lab.rsp. Select OK. Right-click the FIle Name text box. Defining a Translational Joint Motion Now you’ll apply a translational joint motion to the Rack translational joint. 6. as follows: • Creating a Spline • Defining a Translational Joint Motion • Simulating Your Model Creating a Spline In this section. To create a spline: 1. In the Channel text box. point to Spline. enter . 2. In the Spline Name text box. physical_test. From the Motion tool stack in the Main Toolbox.suspension.rsp.rsp. Adams/View creates a spline that references the physical test data from channel 2 in the RPC III file. The Select File dialog box appears. This file contains physical test data from a test performed on a physical model in a test lab. Next. You use the same RPC III file. 5.12 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Applying a Translational Joint Motion Applying a Translational Joint Motion In this section. select the Translational Joint Motion tool .steer_data. 2. To define a translational joint motion: 1. Select Rack_Joint as the translational joint. Select the file physical_test. point to Data Elements. 4. select Browse. The Data Element Create Spline dialog box appears. You will apply the motion using the INTERP function. Adams/View creates a translational joint motion. using the INTERP function to reference the spline you created in the previous section.
Select Durability Interpolation. The Joint Motion dialog box appears. 2. Enter the following: • Independent variable: time • Interpolation Method: Cubic (3) • Spline Name: steer_data . right-click the translational joint motion icon. 5. and then select Rename. based on the referenced spline. From the pull-down list of expression types. In the Function (time) text box. select OK. In the New Name text box. Check your function syntax carefully. From the Function Builder. From the Joint Motion dialog box. select the Function Builder tool The Adams/View Function Builder displays. point to Motion:steer_input. 4. the next step is to modify the translational joint motion so that it varies over time. In your model. select OK. In your model. 3. 8. Note: If you enter the function incorrectly. Therefore. Adams/View creates a constant-speed translational joint motion. enter steer_input. By default. . select Spline. Select Assist. 3. Delete the existing expression.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 13 Applying a Translational Joint Motion To rename the translational joint motion: 1. The Interpolation dialog box displays. and then select Modify. To modify the translational joint motion: 1. The Rename Object dialog box appears. 2. 10. 6. You want the translational joint motion to vary over time. Select OK. you receive an error when you select OK. select OK. Simulating Your Model Now you will simulate the model to verify that it runs. From the Interpolation dialog box. 9. 7. right-click the translational joint motion icon. point to Motion:MOTION_3.
and then remains in simulate mode. 2. check your spline definitions and motion function expressions. . To return to the initial model configuration. 3. make sure that you are referencing channel 2.14 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Applying a Translational Joint Motion To simulate your model: 1. 4. Select the Simulation Start tool The model simulates and completes a jounce-rebound followed by a right-hand turn maneuver. the spline definition for steer_data. Select the Simulation tool . . For example. If your simulation fails. Set up a simulation with an end time of 5 second and 50 output steps. select the Reset tool Note: .
Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 15 Setting Up Requests Setting Up Requests In this section. point to REQUEST. point to Measure. you will set up a virtual instrument to monitor the displacement at the spindle_center as follows: • Creating a New Request • Setting Up Adams Results in DAC Format • Simulating the Model Creating a New Request You’ll create a new request that behaves like an instrument to measure and output the displacement at the spindle_center. From the Build menu. To create a new request: 1. and then select New. .
4. 6.16 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Setting Up Requests The Create a Request dialog box shown next appears. 5. . 7. 2. and then select Browse. and then select Browse. select Spindle_Center. Set Output Type to displacement. The Database Navigator appears. The Database Navigator appears. and then select OK. Right-click the J Marker Name text box. Under ground. Under Knuckle. point to Triad. Right-click the I Marker Name text box. In the Request Name text box. 3. enter instrument. select Spindle_Ref. point to Triad.
when you simulate the model. 8. Setting Up Adams Results in DAC Format By default. 3. you will set up Adams/Durability to generate results in DAC format. Therefore. point to Solver. The Solver Settings dialog box appears. The Durability Files container appears. and then select Output. Set Save Files to Yes. refer to the Using Durability tab in the Adams/Durability online help. Use the defaults for all other text boxes. you want the results of your simulation in standard RPC III or DAC format. Set DAC Files to On. you cannot use results in Adams format in physical testing machines. Select OK. However. 4. 5. In the File Prefix text box. 2. Adams/View generates results in Adams format. Select More.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 17 Setting Up Requests 8. select OK. Set all of the file options to No. For information on generating results in RPC III format. enter suspension. From the Database Navigator. In this tutorial. To set up Adams results in DAC format: 1. Additional text boxes appear. 7. From the Settings menu. 6. Set Output Category to Durability Files. 9. .
Your dialog box should look like the following : 10. .18 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Setting Up Requests 9. Select Close to close the Solver Settings dialog box. To simulate your model: 1. Simulating the Model Now you will simulate the model to generate results in DAC format. Set up and run a simulation with an end time of 10 seconds and 512 output steps. This matches the sampled rate of the physical test data that you will use later in the tutorial to validate the results of this simulation.
one per request component. the files will be named: suspension_instrument_X. The files are named according to the DAC file naming convention shown next: prefix_request name_component label. Therefore.dac. 2. R2. suspension_instrument_Y. In this case. Adams/View can only store one channel of data in a DAC file. it is instrument. it is suspension. Adams/View creates six DAC files. In this case. After the simulation completes. Adams/View stores DAC files in the current working directory. and so on. You can ignore these messages. Note: If you don’t reset the model. R3). in this simulation.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 19 Setting Up Requests As the simulation proceeds. Y.dac. then all the simulation results will not be entered into the DAC files. Therefore. . Note: You will receive several warning messages (spline out of range and required extrapolation).dac where: • prefix is the prefix you specified when you set up the Adams results in the Simulation Settings dialog box. • request name is the request name you specified when you created a new request in the Create a Request dialog box. • component label is the reserved label assigned to the six components of request data by Adams (one of X. reset the model. Adams/Durability outputs requests in DAC format. Z. R1.
The test data represents 10 seconds of motion data sampled at a rate of 51. This data is in RPC III format.20 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Comparing Physical Test Data with Virtual Test Data Comparing Physical Test Data with Virtual Test Data In this section. There are the following five channels of data in the RPC III file: • Upper control arm actuator drives data that controls jounce and rebound in the suspension. To import physical test data: 1. select Measure_Spindle_1. • Translational response of the spindle center measured in the global y-direction. 2. The File Import dialog box appears. and then select OK. . 4. 7. From the Channel list. and Measure_Spindle_3. Measure_Spindle_2.rsp. Select OK.2 points per second. Select physical_test. • Importing Physical Test Data • Importing Virtual Test Data • Plotting Data Importing Physical Test Data This section describes how to import physical test data from tests performed on a physical model in a test lab. 6. From the File menu. • Rack and pinion actuator drives data that controls steer. 5. and then select Browse. select physical_test. • Translational response of the spindle center measured in the global x-direction. 3. Select the Surf check box. point to Import. 8. and look at the plots. In the RPC III File list. Right-click the File to Read text box. and then select RPC File. Open Adams/PostProcessor. The Select File dialog box appears. • Translational response of the spindle center measured in the global z-direction. you will compare physical test data from a physical model with the virtual test data you generated in this tutorial.
dac to select all three files. the DAC and the RPCIII file objects are stored in the database and they reference the virtual test data stored in the DAC and RPC III files. and look at the plots. 7. and then press the Shift key and select suspension_instrument_z. Select Clear Plot. Adams/PostProcessor enters the file names in the Files to Read text box. Select OK. To import virtual test data: 1. 2. and then select DAC Files. Plotting Data Finally. you will compare the virtual test data from your suspension model with physical test data from the physical model of a suspension. point to Import. 11. However. Select suspension_instrument_x. From the DAC list. Select Open. The Select File dialog box appears. From the File Data list. select REQUEST_1_X. Set Source to RPC III. . Select Surf.dac. In the DAC Object Name text box. 9. 4. Set Source to DAC. To plot data: 1. Note: This becomes the default directory for any further file selections. 10. In the Adams/PostProcessor File menu. select Instrument. Navigate to the working directory that you specified at the start of the tutorial (see Step 4 ). and REQUEST_1_Z. 3. Right-click the Files to Read text box. 5.Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 21 Comparing Physical Test Data with Virtual Test Data Importing Virtual Test Data Here you import virtual test data from the simulation you performed in the previous section. 6. 8. 3. enter instrument. The File Import dialog box appears. Clear selection of Surf. 2. Note: Virtual test data is stored in DAC or RPC III files and not in the modeling database. REQUEST_1_Y. and then select Browse.
you will notice noise in the physical test data plots. select instrument. 7. Similarly. Select Add Curves.22 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Comparing Physical Test Data with Virtual Test Data 4. Select the right vertical axis. Compare the two plots. Change the limits to match the other (left) vertical axis (that is. . due to possible joint relaxation in the physical test. Set Source to DAC. and that the displacement peaks are captured. From the RPC III File list. Clear the selection of Auto Scale. 5. You need to manually adjust one of them. select REQUEST_1_X. The noise is most prevalent on the Measure_Spindle_1 and Measure_Spindle_2 plots. Note: Since a vibration of about 10-20 Hz was not damped out in the physical test. 6. From the Channel list. however. Adams/PostProcessor gives a slightly different scale for the two vertical axes. indicating that there is no phase shift. From the File Data list. There is a minor amplitude shift. 14. compare: • Measure_Spindle_2 (RPCIII source) with REQUEST_1_Y (DAC source) • Measure_Spindle_3 (RPCIII source) with REQUEST_1_Z (DAC source) The virtual test results and the physical test results should be almost exactly the same. By default. 13. 9. -75 to 0). 15. 8. 12. select Measure_Spindle_1. 10. select physical_test. Select Add Curves. 11. From the DAC list.
Learning Adams/Durability Tutorial 23
This tutorial shows that despite minor differences, there is a good correlation between the physical test data and the virtual test data from Adams/Durability. It also shows that the Adams model’s response to imported physical test data matches the physical model’s response to the same data, and that the virtual prototype is kinematically consistent with the physical prototype.
24 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability
Modal Stress Recovery Tutorial 1
Modal Stress Recovery Tutorial
you’ll learn to compute stresses on a crankshaft model. The model contains one rigid body of the piston and two flexible bodies with modal stress shape information from a NASTRAN analysis.2 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Overview Overview In this tutorial. . see the Adams/Flex online help. The goal is to determine the maximum von Mises stress in the arm. For more information. A simulation will be performed of only the inertia effects of the crankshaft starting at rest and ramping up to about 5000 RPM in 0. The tutorial includes the following sections: • Importing the Model and Loading the Plugin • Running an Analysis • Viewing Flexible Body Stresses • Plotting Nodal Stress This tutorial takes about one hour to complete.1 seconds. Stresses or strains can only be animated on flexible bodies that reference an MNF containing stress or strain modes.
4. 2.cmd. To import the model: 1. set File Type to Adams/View Command File (*. Note: To automatically load Adams/Durability each time Adams/View starts up. In the Select File dialog box. To load Adams/Durability: 1. The crankshaft model appears in the Adams/View main window. contact your system administrator. Note: On Windows. In the File Import dialog box. select OK. Right-click the File To Read text box. point to Plugin Manager. The Select File dialog box appears. . Select OK. you will import the crankshaft model and load the Adams/Durability plugin. From the Tools menu. you may need to set the permissions to Full Control to modify the tutorial files. install_dir is the directory where your Adams software is installed. select Import a file. You will use these commands later in this tutorial. 9. 6. select the Load at Startup checkbox.cmd). Select the Find Directory tool directory.Modal Stress Recovery Tutorial 3 Importing the Model and Loading the Plugin Importing the Model and Loading the Plugin Here. 7. 3. From the Welcome dialog box. select the Yes check box next to Adams/Durability. Copy the files from install_dir/durability/examples/engine to your working directory. next to the Start in text box. In the Load column. In the File Import dialog box. If you cannot locate this directory. 8. This creates the Durability menu and adds various stress and strain Plot Type menu options for Contours in Adams/PostProcessor. Navigate to your working 5. 2. select OK. and then select Browse. and then select OK. 3. Select the file crankshaft. Start Adams/View.
Select the Simulation Start tool The model simulates.4 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Running an Analysis Running an Analysis Here you will run an analysis on the crankshaft model.1 second and a step size of 0. select the Reset tool . 2. . To return to the initial model configuration. Piston Shaft Arm (biele) To run an analysis: 1. Select the Simulation tool . . and the piston as a rigid body. 3. and then remains in simulate mode. the shaft and arm (biele) are defined as flexible bodies.001. Note that in this tutorial. 4. Set up a simulation with an end time of 0.
The default maximum and minimum values of the legend correspond to those for the model displayed for the time frames currently defined in the Animation tab. set the (deformation) Scale to 200. 6. Restart the animation. 3. Reset your animation. To view the stresses on the crankshaft: 1. 2. Pause the animation by selecting the Pause tool. 5. From the Contour Plot Type pull-down menu. Adams/Postprocessor displays the model to be animated. select Von Mises Stress. 4. Right-click in the blank animation window. In the Component text box. mapping contour colors to stress values. In the property editor for the biele. Open Adams/Postprocessor. Select the Animation tab. you will view the stresses on the crankshaft. 7. Note that the color on the biele and shaft is adjusted (from the previous animation) so that the scale is consistent on all parts in the display. 9. In the treeview. Adams/Postprocessor performs the animation. with stress appearing on both the shaft and biele. 2. Change the Maximum Value from about 545 to 200 MPa. 3. The default legend scale is not useful in this case. You can alter the appearance of the legend using the parameters in the bottom of the window. select the Play tool. select the biele component. Because both the shaft and biele components contain stress. To isolate the stresses on the arm (biele): 1.Modal Stress Recovery Tutorial 5 Viewing Flexible Body Stresses Viewing Flexible Body Stresses Here. The colors on the model map to the colors in the legend. Now you will animate one component of your model. the arm and most of the shaft remain blue due to highly localized stresses in the shaft. in the Flex Props tab. they are shaded blue indicating zero stress state for the current (initial) frame. 5. To start the animation. Select the Contour Plots tab. Notice that a legend appears in the window. specify the biele flexible body. 8. Play the animation again. Note that during the animation. 4. 10. indicating the level of stress at the various points on the model. . and select Load Animation. Switch to Animation mode.
6 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Viewing Flexible Body Stresses Notice that the arm no longer animates in the system. . a piston arm inside an engine primarily undergoes axial (compression) stress due to combustion forces. the display isolates the arm. Instead. This is consistent with the arm’s deformation. Also note that the stress contours exhibit mostly a bending stress state in the arm: blue representing zero stress in the middle of the arm and red representing high stress along its edges. 6. Only the effects of inertia are being simulated. But these forces are not simulated in this model. Typically. Stop the animation.
and select the Page Layout:2 Views. and then select Load Plot. select Nodal Plots. Open the Adams/PostProcessor window. 4. An X-Y plot of nodal stress is displayed. 8. or remain in Adams/View (don’t exit). over & Under tool This splits the Adams/PostProcessor window into two. Note that a maximum value of approximately 91 MPa occurs at time 0. 12. 6. Set Analysis to Last_Run. Set Source to Results Sets. Right-click in the blank animation window. Select OK to close the Compute Nodal Plot Components window. A new result set named biele_STRESS will be generated for the nodal stress component. 10. In the Select Node List text box. To plot nodal stress: 1. 3. 9. . 7. In Adams/Durability. Note: If you plan to go on to the next tutorial. from the Durability menu. Select the node_768_VON_MISES component.094 seconds. Select Add Curves. 2. Set Result Set to biele_STRESS. Set Flexible Body to Biele. save the results (database) from this tutorial.Modal Stress Recovery Tutorial 7 Plotting Nodal Stress Plotting Nodal Stress Here you will generate a plot of the stress at a particular node over time. enter 768. Right-click the Page Layout tool . 11. 5.
8 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Plotting Nodal Stress .
nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 1 nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial .
Material Input • Analyzing Current Job • Viewing nCode FATIGUE Results in Adams This tutorial takes about one hour to complete. . refer to your nCode documentation. This chapter will not discuss the entire functionality of nCode. For more detailed information on nCode. only those features that specifically apply to this tutorial. The following sections are included: • Getting Started • Exporting for nCode • Starting nCode and Setting the Working Directory • Specifying the FE-Fatigue Options • Viewing FatFE .2 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Overview Overview In this tutorial. you’ll learn about modal stress recovery for fatigue life prediction (FLP) in the nCode environment.
nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 3 Getting Started Getting Started Before starting this tutorial. you must complete the procedures in Importing the Model and Loading the Plugin and Running an Analysis. .
3. 2. 4. From the Durability menu. enter shaft-skin. Select Modal Coordinates and complete the following: • Analysis: Last_Run • Basis: Orthonormalized • Format: DAC 5.fes (binary partial FES file) • shaft-skin. In the Job Name text box. enter shaft. In the Flexible Body text box. where n goes from 1 to 28) . Select FES File and complete the following: • Set Format to Binary. The FE-Fatigue Export dialog box displays. The following files are created and will be used as input for an FE-Fatigue analysis: • shaft-skin. point to FE-Fatigue. • Select All Nodes. You can also export modal coordinates for subsequent FE-Fatigue damage analysis using modal superposition. 6.4 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Exporting for nCode Exporting for nCode You can generate a partial FES file (nCode file format) suitable for FLP analysis when stress or strain blocks are present in the MNF.dac (modal coordinate time history for mode n. Select OK. To export for nCode: 1. and then select Export.laf (loads association file) • shaft-skin_n. • Select Stress.
Set your working directory to the one where the FES. use the sample universal files Biele. Select Set Directory. Your screen should now look like the following:.unv provided in the directory. Skip the following procedures and start in the section. If your FES. . 2. Start nCode.nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 5 Starting nCode and Setting the Working Directory Starting nCode and Setting the Working Directory The working directory for this tutorial cannot have any blank spaces in the path. You will encounter error messages later in this tutorial if your working directory path contains spaces. 3. Viewing nCode FATIGUE Results in Adams using these sample universal files. DAC. DAC. move them to a different location before you continue.unv and Shaft. For example. /install_dir/durability/examples/engine. and LAF files you generated in the previous section are located. Note: If you don’t have nCode but want to try displaying fatigue results. To start nCode and set your working directory: 1. you can’t use c:\Program Files\Adams\working. and LAF files from the last tutorial are located in a path containing blanks.
6 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Starting nCode and Setting the Working Directory .
Enter shaft-skin as the input fatigue filename.Partial to Full FES Completion dialog box appears. select the FE-Fatigue tab. The FATFE .Loadcase Input Creating the FATFE-Fatigue Jobname Entry To create the FatFE-Fatigue jobname entry: 1. you will be: • Creating the FATFE-Fatigue Jobname Entry • Setting the FatFE . From the nSoft Menu dialog box. 5.nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 7 Specifying the FE-Fatigue Options Specifying the FE-Fatigue Options In this section. Select OK. Complete the dialog box as shown below : 6. Select OK. . 3. 2. Select the fatfe tool. 4.
Refer to Starting nCode and Setting the Working Directory. .laf).Loading Input dialog box. nCode will search for a load association file for this job (shaft-skin. If this Adams/Durability-generates file exists. double-click on a load case. Complete the Advanced Options dialog box as shown below : 8. Setting the FatFE . Next. The time history appears.Partial to Full FES Completion . the following message window appears : 9. Select Yes to continue. In the FATFE . you may need to check the path of your working directory.8 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Specifying the FE-Fatigue Options 7. Note: If you encounter error messages here.Loading Input dialog box displays. The FATFE .Partial to Full FES Completion .Loadcase Input To set the FatFe load case input: 1. It is an ASCII file relating to each unit load (stress) case in the FES file to a DAC file of the load time history. Select OK.
Partial to Full FES Completion .Material Input dialog box appears. The FATFE . 3. 4. Select OK to continue.nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 9 Specifying the FE-Fatigue Options 2. If you do not have a local materials database for FE-Fatigue. . Select OK to return to the full list of load cases. nCode warns you that a copy of the central database will be made to the local area. Select OK.
10 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Viewing FatFE . 2.Partial to Full FES Completion .Material Input To view the FatFE material input: 1. Select OK. . In the FATFE . Complete the rest of the dialog box as shown below: 3. double-click Group 1.Material Input dialog box.Material Input Viewing FatFE .
Material Input The Material Input dialog box appears as shown below: 4. A message window appears asking if you want to begin the analysis.nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 11 Viewing FatFE . Select Yes. The Analysis Form dialog box appears. . Select OK. 5.
The Results Filename Entry dialog box appears. . Select OK. Starting Analysis To analyze the current job: 1. Complete the Analysis Form dialog box as shown below : 2.12 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Analyzing Current Job Analyzing Current Job You are now ready to perform a fatigue analysis.
Viewing Global Results After the Fatigue Analysis finishes. As the analysis runs. . Complete the Results Filename Entry dialog box as shown below: 4. Select OK. select OK. a dialog box displays the progress. • After reviewing the results. you can view the results showing the most damaged nodes.nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 13 Analyzing Current Job 3.
Select OK. In the Flexible Body text box. 9. 7. select Life Repeats. 7. select shaft. point to FE-Fatigue. 5. In the treeview. select Damage.14 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Viewing nCode FATIGUE Results in Adams Viewing nCode FATIGUE Results in Adams Here you will learn to import and view your FE-Fatigue results. Note that the arm appears grey in this display. This will be SHAFT-SKIN.unv file in which your nCode FE-Fatigue results were saved. The damage plot shows two highly damaged spots on the shaft. This is because FE-Fatigue computes the total result instead of providing intermediate results over time. select Last_Run. 5. These options are used for postprocessing nCode results.UNV if you ran your own FE-Fatigue analysis. Select the Contour Plots tab. Adams/Durability adds more Plot Type options (under Contours) to Adams/PostProcessor. Zero (0) damage means infinite life. or Shaft. select the shaft component of the crankshaft model. 6. From the Plot Type pull down menu in the Contours tab section. The FE-Fatigue Import Universal Results File dialog box appears. Start the animation by selecting the Play tool. Select OK. Once you’ve imported a universal file from FE-Fatigue. Notice that a legend appears in the window. 6. . From the Contour Plot Type pull-down menu.unv if you are using the sample results file. Notice that the damage contours do not change during the animation. Right-click in the Adams/Postprocessor window. 4. In the Analysis text box. 3. 10. 2. To import your FE-Fatigue results: 1. Damage is the inverse of life of a part. This is because no FE-Fatigue results are available for this flexible body. In the property editor. Open Adams/Postprocessor. Pause the animation by selecting the Pause tool. Select the name of the . 8. and then select Load Animation. Right-click the File Name text box. The model to be animated is displayed in the window. 2. and then select Import. 4. and then select Browse. 3. To view your FE-Fatigue results on the shaft: 1. From the Durability menu. set Plot Type to Contour.
except at the two damaged points on the shaft. Here.nCode FE-FATIGUE Tutorial 15 Viewing nCode FATIGUE Results in Adams 11. life is represented in number of repeats and 1x1020 is considered infinite life in FE-Fatigue. and where the arm connects to the shaft. Infinite life is predicted for the component. Notice that the contours of the shaft and legend are updated with the life of the component. .
16 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Viewing nCode FATIGUE Results in Adams .
Fatigue Tutorial .Fatigue Tutorial 1 MSC.MSC.
Fatigue This chapter will not discuss the entire functionality of these products.Nastran • MSC. you will perform modal stress recovery and fatigue analysis using: • MSC. The following sections are included: • About the Model • Part 1 . refer to your specific product documentation.Mode-Shape Analysis • Part 2 .2 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Overview Overview In this tutorial.Patran • Adams • MSC. only those features that specifically apply to this tutorial.System-Level Simulation • Part 3 . For more detailed information.Fatigue Life Calculation This tutorial takes about one hour to complete. .
Patran with component loads from Adams.Nastran and then replace the rigid part with a flexible one for the left LCA. We also provide an MSC.Fatigue Tutorial 3 About the Model About the Model The model is an Adams system model of an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) mounted on a four-post test rig (see Figure 1 below). so the method of fatigue analysis will be based on modal susperposition.Nastran model of the left lower control arm (LCA) for building a flexible body's modal neutral file (MNF).MSC.Fatigue and MSC. These component loads are in the form of modal coordinates (responses). You will generate the MNF using MSC. you will perform a fatigue analysis using MSC. Figure 1 ATV Model . After the Adams simulation. The model that is distributed in the Adams/Durability installation is made up of rigid bodies only.
Run MSC.dat from the install_dir//durabilityexamples/ATV directory to your working directory. This data can be efficiently combined with the modal coordinate results from Adams for subsequent fatigue evaluations in MSC. A partial mass invariant calculation is requested with the MINVAR option. you will find two files that were created in the run directory: left_lca_0. When the job has completed successfully.Patran and MSC.Nastran input file: PARAM POST 0 .Patran • Viewing Results in MSC. The geometry and stress data that will be stored in the resulting MNF is optimized with the PSETID option for the surface (skin) only. To run the MSC.Fatigue.Patran • Attaching Results in MSC.PSETID=2 . To take advantage of this feature.Patran Running the MSC. No output of gridpoint strains are requested with the OUTGSTRN option.OUTGSTRS=YES.Nastran to obtain the reduced flexible modes in MNF format and the modal stresses in XDB (MSC.FLEXONLY=YES. These files are important in completing the rest of the tutorial. You will perform the following steps: • Running the MSC.Nastran Simulation Note: On Windows. Depending on your computer resources it could take 5-10 minutes to run the job.mnf and left_lca.xdb.Nastran supports the output of ortho-normal modal stress or strain resulting from MNF generation in XDB format.Nastran input file we provided for this tutorial is set up for MNF generation using the ADAMSMNF statement: ADAMSMNF FLEXBODY=YES. 2. you will run MSC. The MSC.dat as the input file. you may need to set the permissions to Full Control to edit the tutorial files.MINVAR=PARTIAL.Nastran Simulation • Importing the Model in MSC.OUTGSTRN=NO The output of grid point stresses are requested with the OUTGSTRS option.Nastran using left_lca. Copy the file left_lca. Note: install_dir is the directory where Adams is installed. You can move on to the next step in the tutorial while the analysis is running.4 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 1 .Mode-Shape Analysis In this section.Nastran simulation: 1.Nastran binary attachable) format. the following statement has been added to the MSC.Mode-Shape Analysis Part 1 . MSC.
Set Create to Multiple Groups.Fatigue Life Calculation. enter tutorial. • Select OK to close the dialog box. This will be handy during the fatigue analysis process in Part 3 . .Nastran Input. • Browse to left_lca. • Set File name to *.dat. 3. 5. 6. Set Method to Property Type. In the Filename text box. Select OK to close the New Database dialog box. From the File menu. select it. select Import. select Create. 4. Figure 2 Nastran Input File Import Summary Dialog Box The following operation automatically separates shells from solids.Patran and open a new database (from the File menu. • Set Source to MSC. 8. 2. and then select Apply to import the model. select your working directory.Patran: 1.Patran To import the model into MSC. Start MSC. From the Group menu.dat. and then specify the following: • Set Object to Model.Mode-Shape Analysis Importing the Model in MSC. • The Nastran Input File Import Summary dialog box displays as shown in Figure 2. 7. From the Look in pull-down menu. select New).MSC.Fatigue Tutorial 5 Part 1 .
This process is called modal stress recovery (MSR). • Select Stress Tensor as the Fringe Result.xdb file. highlight mode 7.Nastran and imported into Adams using the MNF. This allows you to obtain a true twodimensional stress tensor (which should always be the case on free surfaces) and also avoids uninteresting computation on internal nodes. 2. Select Results. You will reference the Membrane group later in this tutorial.Mode-Shape Analysis 9. a common practice to skin any solid model with a thin shell membrane.Patran. therefore. MSC. Select Apply. . • Set Object to Quick Plot. and then select OK. Fatigue is a phenomena that normally originates on the surface. A list of 40 mode cases in the result selection window appears.Patran You will now attach the modal results from MSC. and then view the results. a nonrigid body mode). Select Apply. • Highlight one mode case with a frequency higher than zero (that is. In the Select File dialog box. Viewing Results in MSC. 4. 3. For example. Select Apply. Later in this tutorial. Select Select Results File.Patran: 1. Perform some simple plotting as follows: • Set Action to Create. but modal stress shapes. and then specify the following: • Action: Access Results • Object: Attach XDB • Method: Result Entities 2.Patran: 1. Attaching Results in MSC. 3. these stress shapes will be combined with results from Adams to obtain actual stress values.Nastran in MSC.Patran creates two new groups named Membrane and Solid. These represent the orthonormalized modes that were computed by MSC.Patran To view the results in MSC. The stresses you are viewing are not actual stress values sustained by the component. It is.6 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 1 . browse to the left_lca. To attached results in MSC. Select Analysis.
MSC.MSC. . By default.Mode-Shape Analysis 4.Patran saves all databases. Close the MSC.Patran window or by selecting File and then Quit.Fatigue Tutorial 7 Part 1 .Patran session by closing the MSC.
select Import a file. you will run a dynamic simulation of the vehicle to produce loads (modal coordinates) for the flexible lower control arm (LCA) in the left-front suspension.System-Level Simulation In this section. By typing in the name. . 3. enter ATV_4poster. In the File to Read text box. Select OK. Adams/View locates the file in the Adams installation directory (in durability/examples/ATV).8 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 2 . There is no need to browse for this file. In this session you will perform the following steps: • Importing the Model into Adams/View • Building the Flexible Suspension Arm • Animating Modes of the Flexible LCA • Modifying the Damping of the Flexible LCA • Running the Adams Dynamic Simulation • Viewing Adams Results • Exporting Results to MSC.Fatigue and used for stress calculation. The modal coordinates will be exported to MSC. 2. This model contains the all-terrain vehicle standing on a four-poster rig.Fatigue Importing the Model into Adams/View To import the model into Adams/View: 1. All parts are rigid. 5. Building the Flexible Suspension Arm Next you will replace the rigid LCA with a flexible one. 4. Zoom in on the left LCA in the front suspension as shown in the figure below. Select OK. To build the flexible suspension arm: 1.System-Level Simulation Part 2 . In the Welcome dialog box. Start Adams/View.
Click on the first table row. right-click the MNF File text box. and then select Preserve location. 3. from the Build menu.MSC. and then rotate while pressing left mouse button. You want to keep the bushings at the point where they where originally defined in the rigid model. right-click the Current Part text box.Fatigue Tutorial 9 Part 2 . and then select Rigid To Flex. Select the Connections tab. To browse for the MNF. The table displayed compares the connection points on the flexible body with the connection points on the rigid body. click on the lower left suspension arm. To replace the rigid LCA with a flexible LCA. 4. point to Flexible Bodies.mnf • To select the rigid body to be replaced. 5. and then select Pick. select the rigid part you want to replace and the MNF as follows: • Current Part: RB2_left_lca_59 • MNF File: left_lca_0.mnf is already correctly positioned so this is all you need to do in the Alignment tab. you will notice that there is a small offset for the four bushing connection points. Using your mouse.System-Level Simulation Figure 3 Left LCA • To rotate the view: Press r on the keyboard. The flexible body defined in the . In the Distance column. and then select Browse. • To zoom: Press w. 2. . In the Alignment tab. point to Part. • To translate: Press t.
The rigid part is now replaced by the flexible body as defined in the . Select the flexible LCA. and to the damper (shock) and knuckle with one bushing each. 3. knuckle. 4.mnf. The table should now look as shown in the figure below. To verify that the flexible LCA is correctly connected to the rest of the model: 1.10 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 2 . and damper in the same way as the rigid body. From the Tools menu. 2. Repeat the previous step for rows 2 through 4 of the table.RB2_left_lca_59_flex. Select Topology By Parts. It should be connected to the frame using two bushings.System-Level Simulation 6. . select Database Navigator. The flexible body is connected to the frame. Close the Database Navigator. Select OK. Figure 4 Connections Table 7.ATV_4poster. .
The high-frequency modes are usually unusual looking. 2.000 Hz will be increasing with respect to their frequency based on the STEP function. . A STEP function will define the damping. In the dynamic simulation results. Modifying the Damping of the Flexible LCA The high-frequency modes are normally not very active in a dynamic simulation. Modes 1 through 6 are rigid-body modes and are automatically disabled. The higher the frequency.0.5%.000 Hz will have damping ratio of 0.000 Hz will have damping ratio of 100%. for example. expect to see 40 modal coordinates. Animate the modes by selecting a Mode Number (that is.Nastran and imported from the . one coordinate for each mode. you will use the method of setting critical damping on the very high frequency modes. the higher the damping. but don’t participate in the dynamics because of the high damping applied to them. and then select Modify. but useful for describing local deformations around the attachment points. There are two strategies to avoid them: • Disable the modes. a static position with local deformation around an attachment point. and then select Modify. Here.000 . Clear the selection of default next to Damping Ratio.10000. The modes are enabled. The first few modes are very similar to the free-free modes of the component.1) This means: • Modes with a frequency below 1. right-click the flexible LCA. • Modify damping so high-frequency modes are critically damped.Fatigue Tutorial 11 Part 2 .MSC. • Modes with a frequency above 10.System-Level Simulation Animating Modes of the Flexible LCA To animate the modes of the flexible LCA: 1. • Modes in the range of 1.1000. If the Flexible Body Modify dialog box is not already displayed. 2. Enter the following function for the Damping Ratio: STEP(FXFREQ.mnf. The first mode of interest is mode number 7. Right-click the flexible LCA. You can animate each of the 40 modes calculated by MSC. 3. To modify the damping of the flexible LCA: 1. 7) and then selecting the Animation tool .005.10. This may cause simulation difficulties if any of the disabled modes are necessary to describe.
This could also have been done by defining tire forces and a road profile.01 seconds • Select Start at equilibrium position. Each post that the vehicle is standing on will move in the vertical direction to simulate the vehicle running in rough terrain. you would get a 10% damping ratio for mode 7.12 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 2 . point to Solver. which is too much considering the component is made of steel.01. .System-Level Simulation Note that default damping is usually not useful. renders highly accurate simulations. which increases the stability and robustness of the corrector at small step sizes. 4. We use the SI2 formulation here because high accuracy of the inputs to the fatigue analysis is crucial. Select OK to save all modification and close the Flexible Body Modify dialog box. The Stabilized Index-2 formulation enables the integrator to monitor the integration error of velocity variables and. and then select Executable. Running the Adams Dynamic Simulation To run the Adams dynamic simulation: 1. select Interactive Controls. Change your Adams/Solver settings: • From the Settings menu. • To avoid the screen being updated at every output time step taken by the solver (therefore speeding up the solve time). From the Simulate menu. If you used default damping here. 5. Perform the following: • Set End time to 10 seconds • Change list2+ to Step Size • Set Step size to 0. especially not in this case. 3. If you do not start from equilibrium. A positive side effect of the SI2 formulation is that the Jacobian matrix remains stable at small step sizes. 4. therefore. The simulation will take a few minutes. Select the Play tool to start the simulation. 2. your results will contain initial transient vibrations. • Set Choice to C++. Modify Adams/Solver dynamics parameters: • Set Category to Dynamics. which is not preferred. 6. clear the selection of Update graphics display. Close the Solver Settings dialog box. • Set Formulation to SI2 and Error to 0.
In the dashboard (the lower section of the postprocessing window) select. you will use Adams/Durability to view the stress data. by right-clicking in the window. 3. 2. In the upper left corner of Adams/PostProcessor. 7. 5. and then selecting Load Animation. Before you start the animation: • In the Contour Plots tab. Load the Adams/Durability plugin using Tools Plugin Manager. Select Add Curves The plot displays as shown next.MSC. Stress. This is the time history of force magnitude in the bushing between the flexible CLA and the shock. select Postprocessing. set Contour Plot Type to Max Prin. the following: • Source: Objects • Filter: force • Object: BUSHING_9.System-Level Simulation Viewing Adams Results To view the Adams results: 1. Figure 5 Adams Results Next. use the pull-down menu to select Plotting. for example. 6. Load the animation. . This is the bushing connecting the LCA with the spring/damper • Characteristic: Element_Force • Component: Mag 4.Fatigue Tutorial 13 Part 2 . From the Review menu.
and then select Pick or Browse) • Analysis: Last_Run (right-click in the text box. 9. from the Durability menu.0 • Count: 3 11. which is located on the bottom surface of the LCA. 8. 12. select Hot Spots Table. and then select Last_Run) • Type: Maximum Principal Stress • Radius: 30. Animate by pressing the Play button. To create a table that lists the three most critical areas of the LCA.System-Level Simulation • In the Camera tab. 10. Adams/Durability displays the Hot Spots table as shown in the following figure. Close the Hot Spots Information dialog box. . point to Guesses. When the calculation is complete. Reset the animation. close to the cross-beam connection. and then specify the following: • Body: RB2_left_lca_59_flex (right-click in text box. The hottest spot is located around node 2990.14 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 2 . Select Report. set Follow Object to RB1_frame_57 (the frame). • Zoom in on the flexible LCA and orient the display so that you are looking at the bottom surface of the LCA. point to body. point to Analysis. Lock the rotations.
From the Durability menu.MSC. it is only the modal coordinates that are exported. The stress shapes in the XDB file will be combined with the modal coordinates from Adams in MSC.Fatigue.Fatigue: 1.Mode-Shape Analysis) and stored in the XDB file. The stress shapes are already calculated (Part 1 . Modal coordinates for the flexible LCA are now exported in DAC format (40 files with prefix ATV_4poster) suitable for import to MSC. Select OK.Fatigue. . To export results to MSC.Fatigue. Specify the parameters as follows: • Flexible Body: RB2_left_lca_59_flex • Job Name: ATV_4poster • Modal Coordinates (make sure this box is checked) • Analysis: Last_Run 2. Clear the selection of Run MSC. One file is produced for each modal coordinate.Fatigue Tutorial 15 Part 2 .Fatigue When you export the results to MSC. it is actually not the stresses as calculated in Adams that we export.Fatigue.System-Level Simulation Figure 6 Hot Spots Table Exporting Results to MSC.Fatigue. point to MSC. 3. and then select Export.
Mode-Shape Analysis of this tutorial. There is also a stand-alone version of MSC.Fatigue. select Open to open the tutorial.Fatigue as a plugin to MSC.db file that was created in Part 1 . Select Main interface. Start MSC. In this section.Fatigue Life Calculation Part 3 .Fatigue that is offered with a limited version of MSC.Fatigue To set up stress-life analysis in MSC.Fatigue • Running S-N Fatigue and Factor of Safety (FOS) Analysis • Importing and Reviewing Results in MSC. you will use MSC. you will predict fatigue life to failure and life factor of safety based on modal superposition and a standard S-N analysis (also known as Stress Life or Total Life).Patran.16 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 3 .Fatigue Life Calculation For this portion of the tutorial.Patran • Importing and Reviewing Results in Adams (Optional) Setting up Stress-Life Analysis in MSC. You will perform the following steps: • Setting up Stress-Life Analysis in MSC. select MSC. From the Tools menu.Fatigue: 1.Patran.Patran. 2. and from the File menu. 3. .Fatigue • Importing and Combining Modal Coordinates in MSC.
Fatigue Tutorial 17 Part 3 . Material. All fatigue-related files will have this prefix.Solution Parameters. and Loading • Job control .Fatigue Life Calculation 4.Patran.MSC. Complete the dialog box as shown next.Fatigue dialog box contains the five steps to complete your fatigue job: • Three inputs . being sure to set Analysis to S-N .Used to submit and monitor fatigue jobs • Results .Used to postprocess fatigue results . The bottom section of the MSC. Enter fat_left_lca for the jobname for the fatigue jobs in MSC. 5.
Fatigue Life Calculation 6. 8. MSC. Select OK to close the Solution Parameters dialog box.18 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 3 . . A design life of 60000 is derived from a simple assumption that under the given loading condition. 7. the target life is around 10.Fatigue will perform an additional analysis to assess the load scaling factor to reach a given target life. The design life is the number of repetitions this part is expected to withstand without failure. indicating the highest conservatism in material properties scatter. Select Solution Params and complete the dialog box as shown next : The Certainty of survival is set to 99%. Select Material Info.000 km and that the 10-second repetition was performed at an average speed of 60 km/h.
9. and then select OK.Fatigue Tutorial 19 Part 3 .MSC. You can select multiple materials for the same run and access advanced material options.Fatigue Life Calculation MSC. Select MANTEN_SN (carbon wrought steel). 11. Select No Finish and No Treatment. Click in the first cell of the spreadsheet (Material) and scroll through the available material list below it. such as temperature dependency. Keep the defaults for all remaining fields. 10. The region is the part of your model that will be analyzed. As mentioned previously. Set Region to Membrane. This is the key in recreating the stress history at each node that will be used for rainflow cycle counting (central to fatigue analysis algorithm). you are only interested in the surface element and you will use the previously created Membrane group as the target region. Importing and Combining Modal Coordinates in MSC.Nastran output) and modal coordinates (from Adams).Fatigue offers a built-in library with more than 200 predefined materials.Fatigue The Loading Information dialog box is the spreadsheet that displays the association between modal stresses (MSC. . 12.
tdb). enter the following: • Source and target Filename: ATV_4poster* • Description 1: modal coordinates • Load Type: Scalar . 2.dac files (the output from Adams created in Part 2 . Then. Select Loading Info.20 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 3 .Fatigue Life Calculation Figure 7 Loading Information Dialog Box To import and combine the modal coordinates: 1. In the PTIME – Load Time History dialog box. 3. perform the following: • Select Load files. MSC.Fatigue needs to load the relative *. • Select OK. To access the modal variables. Select Time History Manager to open the local time database.System-Level Simulation) into the local time database (ptime.
Your spreadsheet should look similar to the image shown below. Doing so will update the number of rows in the spreadsheet from 1 to 40. 6. Select Fill Cell to populate the Load Case ID column. 8.dac files. From the MSC. Make sure the first cell in the Time History column is selected to populate column 2. Be sure to select Enter on your keyborard after setting this value. and then select OK to close the PTIME-Database Options dialog box. Select End. 2. perform the following: • Set Number of Static Load Cases to 40. To start the analysis. and then select OK. Select More enough times to make sure all load channels are loaded.Fatigue Life Calculation • Units: none • Select OK. • Select Fill Down OFF and the option changes to Fill Down ON. 4.DAC: Running S-N Fatigue and Factor of Safety (FOS) Analysis To run the analysis: 1. 11. 9.Fatigue Tutorial 21 Part 3 . Select the first available results loadcase (… Mode 1…) in the Select a Results Load Case list.Fatigue menu. • Select the first cell in the Load Case ID column. In the Loading Information dialog box. 10. Select ATV_4POSTER_01. select Job Control. The PTIME dialog box shows that you have 40 . 7. .MSC. From the Select a Stress/Strain Tensor list.1 – Stress tensor.DAC from the Select a Time History list. Figure 8 Spreadsheet for ATV_4POSTER_01. and then select Apply. Select exit. • To access all available results in the database in the Results Filter dialog box. 12. select Apply. Leave the remaining default values. • Select Get/Filter Results to open the Results Filter dialog box. select Select All Results Cases. select 1. 5. • The 40 files start loading.
MSC. Select Damage from the Fringe Result list.22 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 3 .Patran database as the Total Life and Factor of Safety subcases for postprocessing.Patran form (not in MSC.Fatigue tab near the bottom right corner of the MSC. A workaround is to deactivate the Analysis Manager using the MSC. Select Safety Factor as the fringe result. If you receive the message ERROR: cannot communicate with Queue Manager. The smallest factor of safety is 2. In the results window. Select Apply to read in the results.Fatigue. From the Durability menu.Fatigue automatically accesses the results based on the current job name. point to MSC. You can check the status by accessing Job Control ActionMonitor Job. To view a quick plot of the factor of safety in MSC.Patran is trying to run MSC. When completed. 3.Patran. . fat_left….disable().Patran To import and review the results in MSC. The results are now stored in the MSC. 2. Select Results. 3. and then resubmit the job. 5. select Results on the main MSC. Importing and Reviewing Results in Adams (Optional) To import and review the results in Adams: 1. You can create a damage plot to improve the visualization of the critical areas.Fatigue Life Calculation Wait a minute or two until the fat_left_lca fatigue job has been submitted.Patran: 1. 4. and then periodically selecting Apply. scroll through the list of Result Cases.Fatigue through the Analysis Manager without a defined environment. and then select Factor of Safety. the status window displays the following message: Safety factor analysis completed successfully.Patran command analysis_manager. and then select Import.Patran window. To see a damage plot: 1. MSC. Importing and Reviewing Results in MSC. Select the MSC. Select Apply. Select Total Life from the Result Cases list. 2.70. 6. Note that the highest damage occurs at three critical regions of the LCA. and then select Apply.Fatigue).
The results are displayed in Adams/PostProcessor.fef. Select the Contour Plots tab.Fatigue Life Calculation 2.\fat_left_lca. 4. Select RB2_left_lca_59_flx as the flex body. you do not need to animate the results. .Fatigue Tutorial 23 Part 3 . for example. as shown below. Figure 9 RB2_left_lca_59_flx Contour Plot . 3...MSC. and then select OK. 5. Browse to the fatigue results file (*. Because the results represent the total results for the simulation. Set Contour Plot Type to Life (Log Repeats).fef).
Fatigue Life Calculation .24 Getting Started Using Adams/Durability Part 3 .
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