The Economic Impact of Breed-Discriminatory Legislation in Cincinnati Ohio.

Over the past several thousand years, dogs have transcended positions from hunting companion to family pet, to full-fledged member of the family. Dogs are an integral part of everyday life for millions of American households. There are currently an estimated 74.8 million dogs living in the United States, with 39 percent of U.S. households owning at least one dog.[1] Of those 74.8 million dogs, at least 5 million would meet one or more of the various definitions attached to the label “pit bull.” [2] This study measures the economic impact of Breed-Discriminatory Legislation in Cincinnati Ohio Data for Cincinnati Ohio Estimated Number of Dogs Estimated Number of Dogs described as Pit Bulls 80,720 5,610

Breed-discriminatory legislation not only affects owners of the targeted dogs by interfering with their right to own property, but also taxpayers forced to fund its enforcement. Animal control programs already tend to be underfunded. Attempting to enforce breed-discriminatory laws will only deplete limited animalcontrol resources more quickly. Misguided breed-discriminatory laws restricting specific types of dogs will cost the citizens of the community of Cincinnati Ohio over $511,700, while accomplishing little. Estimated costs include: Costs Associated With Breed-Discriminatory Laws
Euthanasia 1% Court 15%

• Animal control and enforcement costs: $292,200; • Expenses for kenneling and veterinary care: $85,080; • Expenses related to euthanasia and carcass disposal: $77,760;

Kenneling/ Veternary 17% Enforcement 53%

• Litigation costs resulting from dog owners impacted by the legislation: $6,660; • DNA testing costs: $49,980. Actual costs to the citizens of the community will be higher as these estimates do not include:

DNA Test 10%

• Shelter veterinarian if not already onsite; • Increased enforcement staffing; • Capital costs associated with increased shelter space.

[1] American Veterinary Medical Association, U.S. Pet Ownership & Demographics Sourcebook , (Schaumburg, Ill: Membership & Field Services, American Veterinary Medical Association), 2008. [2] Calculations based on analysis by John Dunham and Associates, a New York City based economic consulting firm.

John Dunham and Associates: New York


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