CACAT KRISTAL (IMPERFECTION CRYSTAL
CITRA BUHATIKA 1021207015 Pascasarjana Kimia Universitas Andalas Padang, 2011
Vacancies b. Self-interstitial atoms c. Grain Boundaries
.Types of Imperfections
y Point defects
a. Interstitial solute atoms d. Dislocations y Area defects a. Substitutional atoms y Line defects a.
Linear Defects (Dislocations) Are one-dimensional defects around which atoms are misaligned. a crystal vector. y Edge dislocation: ² b to dislocation line y Screw dislocation: ² b || to dislocation line
. which is a measure of the distortion of the lattice around the defect. charaterized by a vector in the lattice called the Burger·s vector b. [uvw].
transition from lattice of one region to that of the other .low density in grain boundaries * high mobility * high diffusivity * high chemical reactivity
.slightly disordered .Area Defect
y Grain Boundaries
.regions between crystals .
One case is a twin boundary (plane) ² Essentially a reflection of atom positions across the twin plane.
This is a type of ´coincidence-siteµ boundary (atoms in the boundary are in lattice positions of both crystals
Planar array of dislocations