This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
The frequency in TV channel 2 broadcast is 54-60 MHz. The maximum beam current in the picture tube is for white in the picture. A picture tube is similar to a loudspeaker. The two Baseband signals are video and audio. Video signals have a higher frequency compared to audio signals.
1-3 What are the abbreviations for the following types of equipment? a. Special-effects generator. SEG b. Studio-transmitter link. STL c. Electronic newsgathering. ENG 1-4 a. b. 1-5 a. b. c. 1-6 a. b. c. 1-7 a. b. 1-8 c. d. 1-9 a. b. c. The Flyback high voltage depends on horizontal scanning. AFC is used for horizontal synchronization. Channel 14 is a UHF channel. A modern unit has two functions: modulation and demodulation. T The ASCII code uses 128 combinations of7 bits for alphanumeric information. T The channel 3 signal is a modulated RF signal. The maximum RF signal at the antenna input terminals from a video game is 3 mV. Facsimile is an example of slow-scan TV. Facsimile pictures generate low video frequency, compared with those for TV broadcasting. T An infrared vidicon camera tube can show difference of temperature in the scene. T TV channel receiver set for cable input in a 36-channel system is 3,4 or 6. The head end feed the trunk. The line drop is at the subscriber branch. Rotating heads increase the writing speed for video recording. T The type C video recorder produces two slanted tracks on the tape for each picture field. T
Chapter 2 The Television Picture 2-1 a. b. c. 2-2 a. b. 2-3 a. b. 2-4 a. b. 2-5 a. b. c. 2-6 a. b. 2-7 a. b. The Y luminance is for black-and-white picture information. The chrominance signal for color is 3.58 MHz. What is the frequency of horizontal synchronizing pulses for every line, in hertz? 15,750 Hz. What is the frequency of vertical synchronizing pulses for every field? 60 Hz What is the horizontal scanning frequency in hertz? 15750 Hz. What is the time for scanning one horizontal line in one second? 63.5 s. What is the vertical field-scanning frequency, in hertz? 60 Hz. How many scanning fields are there in one picture frame? 2 How many fields are scanned in one second? 60 Motion is shown by a rapid succession of still pictures. T Flicker results when the screen is made alternately bright and dark. How many complete picture frames are scanned in 1 sec? 30 How many scanning lines are there In one frame? 525 One picture element is a pixel. A still picture has many pixels, T The position of a picture element is important in the reproduction.
Dynamic Shading corrects for optical effects in the light splitter. CVBS means composite video. c. and blue picture information. The depth-of-field is improved with a higher f stop. and blue light. d. c. 3-7 a. Dichroic mirrors are more efficient than optical filters for separating red. b. b. d. .4545. The use of bias lighting in Saticon reduces the image lag. c. Gamma correction is more important for color TV. 3-2 a. Static shading corrects for non-uniform dark currents. The lens inverts the optical image on the faceplate of the camera tube. The typical target voltage is more than 50 V. The average screen illumination is its brightness. b. c. What is the diagonal screen size for 19CP4 picture tube? 19 To what deflection angle does a maximum deflection angle of 45 either side of center correspond? 90 The usual heater voltage for picture tubes is 6. b. burst and sync. Chapter 4 Picture Tubes 4-1 a. White is stretched by the picture tube. A low f stop rating allow more light. The plumbicon camera tube uses a lead-oxide target plate. What is the width of TV broadcast channel? 6 MHz What is the intercarrier sound frequency? 4. More video signal increases the contrast. The composite video signal includes the camera signal. White balance is necessary for color cameras. b. 3-10 a. b. 3-6 a. 2-9 a. b.3V. The target of the Saticon is not constructed in the same way as that of the Plumbicon. b. c. b. The diameter of the vidicon image plate is about 2/3. The signal variations are produced by the target plate. b. 2-10 a. b. c.5 MHz What is the maximum frequency deviation for the FM sound signal? 25 kHz What is the aspect ration for a TV picture? 4:3 The picture carrier signal is AM. b. Gen-Lock is used to synchronize multiple cameras. c. signal and blanking. d. The standard composite video signal from a camera is 1 Vp-p with negative sync. Commercial movie film is run at 24 film frames per second for TV. green. 1 or 1.2 inch. To how many lux units is the illumination of 3 fc approximately equal? 30 The SEG can also be used as s production switcher. The dark current is checked when the lens cap is on. 3-9 a. c. 3-8 a. 3-5 a. The sound carrier signal is FM Chapter 3 Television Cameras 3-1 a. Image lag is a problem of the target plate.c. The gamma required for the camera tube is 0. 3-4 a. c. Beam alignment is similar to centering of the electron beam. 2-8 a. b. 3-3 a. green. The chrominance signal includes red. The horizontal scanning with and the linearity affect the color video signal in single-tube color pick-up. The photoconductive layer have less resistance with increasing light.
Typical anode capacitance is 2000 pF. Most of the electrons in the beam flow out of the anode terminal. Neck shadow result when the deflection yoke is too far back. The color purity magnet serves as a centering magnet. 5-3 a. Chapter 5 Set up Adjustments for the Color Picture Tubes 5-1 a. 4-9 a. b. 5-2 a. The ADG circuit have a high current when the receiver is first turned on.000 holes. The phosphor numbers for monochrome is P4 and for color picture tubes is P22. Aluminized tubes do not need an ion-trap. When a picture tube is being discharged. may indicate a short circuit between the cathode and the control grid in the picture tube. The holes in the shadow mask is conical in shape to prevent secondary emission. A yellowish brown monochrome picture slowly balancing to a neutral gray scale indicates weak emission in the blue gun. b. The typical anode voltage for projection tubes is 30 to 80 kV. What is the color of the P1 phosphor? Green Typical anode voltage for a 25-in color picture tube is 30 kV. Control Grid is the most negative electron gun. A solid red raster is a check for good color purity. 4-5 a. c. c. Permanent magnets are used for static convergence. c. Separation of the beams for the red. b. b. 4-12 a. 4-11 a. Two permanent-magnet rigs just behind the yoke are used for centering the beam in monochrome receivers. b. A G3 voltage of 200V is used for low-voltage focus method. b. with the picture appearing silvery gray where it should appear white. b. the G3 focus voltage is an adjustable value of several kilovolts. The color purity is adjusted for the raster. b. 4-3 a. b. 4-4 a. b. c. d. No picture. 4-8 a. b. c. green and blue colors is accomplished by the shadow mask. one color at a time. The coils above and below the electron are for H scanning. b. Color fringing on the edges of the picture is a sign of misconvergence. b. A TV projection picture shows less detail than the image on a direct-view picture tube. b. The crossover point for focusing is formed by the first electron lens. c. A shadow mask has about 300. T . 4-10 a. c. Ambient room lighting makes black on the screen appear lighter. 5-5 Static convergence is done for the center of the screen. The color purity and beam landing adjustments are the same. blank raster and no control of brightness. b. Weak emission from the cathode of the electron gun causes saturation limiting. 4-6 a. The degaussing is done 60 Hz ac. Degaussing should be done before the color purity adjustments.4-2 a. Hold-down circuits limit the amount of color saturation. Ultor or Anode is the most positive electron gun. For most color picture tubes. Opaque phosphor masking improves contrast by making black appear darker. 4-7 a. 5-4 a. c. In-line guns are easier than the delta guns in making the convergence adjustments. with a bright. Small white dots in the picture are used for convergence adjustments. The small magnets embedded in the yoke housing correct for pincushion distortion. the ground end of the clip lead should be connected first.
The color purity is adjusted before the dynamic convergence. b. What are the 3 parts of the composite video signal? Camera signal.a. b. and B screen-grid adjustment is set for visual cutoff.5 s. 5-8 a.000. b. The background controls are for dc bias. How many scanning H lines are there in a complete frame? 21 How many H lines are there in each field? 10 and ½ How many H lines are there in each V retrace? 3 Interlace scanning require odd number of horizontal lines. The brightness control vary the dc bias for the picture tube. b. The frequency of equalizing pulses is 60 Hz. Typical ac signal drive for a 19-in picture tube is 140 Vp-p.2 s. b. d. Chapter 7 Video Signal Analysis 7-1 a.5 The camera signal: 92. Sync polarity is negative. V sync: 3H lines wide V blanking 21H lines wide Equalizing: 31. 5-9 a. 6-4 a. 7-7 a. b. 6-5 a. c. G. Pincushion magnets are used for monochrome picture tubes. Visible H trace? 53. How many horizontal lines are in an odd or even field? 262 and ½ Retrace is faster than trace. . and B video drive controls are set for white. b. 7-5 a. b. G. 7-6 a. Flicker is caused by the changes between black and white. Typical dc grid bias for 19-in picture tube is –60 V. The H sync pulses have a higher frequency than the V sync pulses. c. The G2 master screen control varies the dc voltage video signal. 7-4 a. Chapter 6 Scanning and Synchronizing 6-1 a. c. b. 5-6 a. Increasing the vertical blanking rate prevents flicker. V retrace takes more time than H trace. 7-3 a. All synchronizing pulses have the same amplitude. For the total picture area. The R. c. The abbreviation TB (Top to Bottom) is vertical pincushion correction. c. The R. b. 6-3 a. b.500 Hz IRE of Sync: 40 Black set up: 7. c. b. Typical video signal voltage for the picture tube is 100 V with negative polarity. 6-2 a. it is 144. 5-7 a. c. Width of H sync pulse? 5 s. Maximum number of pixels for each horizontal line is 426. 7-2 a. The basic waveform for dynamic convergence is the parabola or a half sine wave. H sync and H blanking.5 Width of H blanking pulse? 10.
Gamma affects the contrast. b.39 and 0.00 Red: 0. c. 8-4 a. e. b. b.7-8 a. What is the value of the Y voltage for the following bars? White: 1. What is the phase angle for the Q modulator? 90 Which stage has inputs of Y + C signals? Multiplexer Which resistor has I and Q modulation? Rc The input to the matrix includes R. c. 8-5 a.89 What is the frequency of the chroma bandpass filter? 3.11 Yellow: 0. The B-Y and R-Y can be combines to form G-Y. Calculate the values for the yellow and blue bars in the following: Y signal: 0. 8-11 a.11 Q signal: -0. The B-Y is 180 out of phase with the color sync burst. b. The R-Y phase is in quadrature with B-Y. b. will produce white? Blue What color is the complement of blue? Yellow Green. 8-3 a. b. 8-6 a.58 MHz. The average dc level is close to the blanking level for a dark scene.750 Hz The hue of the B-Y video signal is mainly blue. Chapter 8 Color Television Circuits and Signals 8-1 a. d.30 Green: 0. c.89 and 0. e. c. G and B video signals. produces cyan.58 MHz What is the repetition rate for the complete group of the color sync burst? 15. 7-9 a. Name the two inputs to the R – Y demodulator? C and Osc (r-y) What is the phase angle between B-Y and R-Y? 90 Name the three output of the matrix. b.45 What is the hue of the color sync burst? Yellow-Green What is the phase difference between the color sync burst and the B-Y signal? 180 What is the phase angle of the R-Y video? 90 What is the frequency of the individual cycles in the color sync burst? 3. Compared with 100 percent saturation. c. Red is the hue of the color. b. The picture tube reproduce black with zero beam current. Picture tubes have a gamma greater than 1. Y. b. . b. b.31 C signal: 0. 8-12 a. The output to the matrix includes Y luminance and two color-mixture signals. a desaturated color have more luminance for the Y signal and less chrominance for the C signal. c. when added to blue.45 and 0. Red has a low luminance. 8-2 a. c. b. What are the practical Baseband frequencies for the color video signal? 0. What are the phosphor colors for the tricolor tube? RGB 8-13 a. 8-7 a. c. Pink is different from red in saturation. c. What color when added to yellow. d. 8-8 a. b. 8-10 a. The Y signal has 59 percent G video. d. I and Q The two inputs to the modulator are I and Osc.59 Blue: 0.5MHz Large areas of picture information is easier to show in color. 8-9 a.
How many horizontal details can be resolved with 300-line resolution? 400. .27 MHz What is the exact vertical field-scanning frequency for color TV? 59. Smooth diagonal lines show good interlacing. What is the p-p value for a 3. The ball chart test is for the camera.8-14 a. The PAL system alternates the phase of the color signal in successive lines.579545 MHz Which frequency is made exactly an odd multiple of H/2? C signal. 9-8 a. Excessive gain at 3. b. How many gray-scale steps are in the EIA test pattern? 10. b. b.58 Mhz is too high. VIRS and VITS. 9-12 a. b. c. Which peak C value matches 100 percent white in amplitude? Cyan. 9-2 a. The line in the vertical wedges indicates horizontal resolution. A ball chart is used with crosshatched pattern. Which test signal has the reference values for the chroma phase and amplitude? VIRS. How many microseconds is the width of the window signal? 26. A 2T sine-squared pulse has no high frequency components above 4 Mhz. d. d.25 s.25 s. Which two lines in V blanking are used for VITS? 17 and 18. How many actual horizontal details correspond to the resolution of 210 lines? 280. Monoscope is a special type camera tube with a fixed image of a test pattern printed on the target. The maximum permissible nonlinearity for broadcast cameras is 2 percent. What video frequency corresponds to 240 lines of horizontal resolution? 3Mhz. How many IRE units is the white window signal? 100. 9-4 a.5T pulse has a peak amplitude higher than the flat part of the window signal. 8-15 a. b. A vectorscope is an oscilloscope. VIRS is transmitted on line 19. How many H lines wide is the vertical sync pulse? 3. A fixed image is engraved on the target plate of the Monoscope. 9-7 a. b.5. c. 9-13 a. 9-5 a. The SMPTE code uses lines 12. b. b. c. c. c.58 Mhz signal on each step of the modulated stair-step in IRE units? 7. and other production information. 9-11 a. d. SMPTE – Society of Motion Pictures and Television Engineers SMPTE time code is used to identify the program material. time of day. d. Chapter 9 Video Test Signals 9-1 a. A modulated 12. 13 and 14 in the vertical blanking time. c. 9-6 a. In the test pattern. 9-9 a.734. T. b.75 Mhz cause ringing. b. A T sine-squared pulse have an HAD of one picture element. What is the exact horizontal line-scanning frequency for color TV? 15. What line is used for the mulitiburst test signal? 17. 9-10 a.94 Hz What is the exact color subcarrier? 3. What is the highest test frequency in the multiburst? 4. b. the H resolution measures the vertical lines. frame number. Videotext – when data are distributed in the form of video signals Name the test signals transmitted in the vertical blanking interval. This means that the gain for 3. c. A 2T sine-squared pulse has an HAD of 0.2 Mhz. What is the count for the H line just after all the equalizing pulses? Line 10. b. 9-14 a. c.
Teletext – method of using TV broadcast signal. c. d. the gap or the tape? Gap The high-frequency response improved with a thinner head gap. 10-8 a. b. b. T In the VHS and Betamax systems. 10-5 a. at 6 or 7 is the angle in each head canted. Videodisk machines are generally used for playback but not for recording. The range of 30 to 40 Hz is 3 octaves. Head switching takes place at the bottom of the TV picture. The timing reference for the scanner servo in the recording is the V sync divided by 2.579545 MHz. 10-3 a. The highest frequency to be played back in a typical VCR is 5-6 MHz. d. T Which is nonmagnetic. T A laser source produces coherent light. 10-9 a. c. T CHAPTER 10 Video Tape Recorders and Disk Players 10-1 a. c. b. T The recorded pits on an optical videodisk vary in depth. but the video tracks cannot. c. In video recording. A 700 kHz is a color-under. F The CED and VHD systems both use capacitance variations for signal. The angle of wrap that the tape makes around the scanner head slightly is more than 180. 3. 10-4 a. b. It is the system of transmitting communications signals in the vertical blanking interval. The time delay of the comb filter is 1H or 63. T A sample-and-hold circuit is used as a timing comparator. The luminance is recorded as an FM signal.5s. 10-6 a. In VHS system. F The audio and the control heads rotate in the same direction as the scanner. T A pickup coil next to a magnet on the scanner shaft indicates the position of the reference video head. b. The canted azimuth angle work better for luminance signals. F The color-under process is necessary in optical videodisk recording. d.97Hz. c. 10-11 a. f. F The CED system is based on variations in capacitance. The frequency range of the recorded FM signal is less than 3 octaves. T The deeper the pit in a disk. T A tone generator on the scanner shaft indicates the frequency of rotation. c. T The audio track can be erased. T Frequency modulation is used for video signals. T One TV field does a slant track record in one pass. 10-7 a. d. the lesser the capacitance. The supply reel of tape in the video cassette is at the left side. The control and audio are the two stationary recording heads. d. c. the luminance signal is modulated for recording. the head core. b. b. c. c. c. The poor tracking of the video heads causes snow in the picture. 10-10 a. c. The frequency that is the 455th harmonic of H/2 is 3. T Disk rotation is 450rpm in the CED system. . both the tape and the head gap are in motion. F In the zero guard-band system. d. The color-under system is used in the CED method bit not for optical disks.58 MHz corresponds to 629 kHz color under frequency. T The VLD system requires a laser light beam. b. by either broadcast or cable television. b. The exact frequency of the CTL pulses is 29. 10-2 a. Increasing the drum diameter increases the writing speed. 10-12 a. b. Tape speed is controlled by the capstan. There are 2 octaves in a range of 4:1 in frequencies equal. T The VCR and TV receiver must be operating on the same channel in order to record. c.e. b. For video recording FM is better than AM. d. b. Visual captions for the TV picture can be encoded in the V blanking time.
which control needs to be adjusted? V Hold The screen has too much black area across the bottom. c. 67.75 MHz of the lower sideband is transmitted. 4.75 MHz. There are 1000 megahertz in a 1 GHz. Color sub carrier. 11-8 a. Chroma after the video detector 4.25 MHz. F. Channels 6 and 7 are most likely to have adjacent-channel interference.15 and 61.Chapter 11 Television Transmission 11-1 a. T The higher the antenna. b.1-MHz modulation of a 61. A 4 GHz is a downlink frequency. The emission-type number for vestigial sideband transmission is A5C. b. Line-of-sight transmission uses sky waves from the ionosphere. b. e. 4. Which control would you adjust? Height Is a sawtooth waveform of current needed in the V coils.83 MHz. Picture carrier. Separation of center frequency from the picture carrier signal. c. c. 71. Second sound IF carrier 3. 70. b. d. Upper side carrier for 3-MHz video modulation. b. b. Maximum frequency deviation. 25 kV – the anode high voltage for a color picture tube. Horizontal Flyback – horizontal retrace time The AGC rectifier is a peak detector.25-Mhz carrier. d.75 Mhz. With 0. c. Tip of sync 100 11-2 a. d. T More AGC bias reduces the receiver gain. Picture IF 2. c. Chapter 12 Television Receivers 12-1 1. 12-3 a. 11-7 a. Blanking 75 c. Values for the FM sound signal in TV. T A part. Vertical Sync 12-2 a. b. 80% List the values for the following frequencies in Channel 4.20 kHz swing. The picture and sound signals use separate. The AGC action keeps the picture contrast approximately the same for different station. the side frequencies are 61. the longer the radio horizon distance. which is 66 to 72 MHz. H coils. T 11-4 a. b. The frequency offset for the cochannel stations. c. or both? Both Is AFC used for the V or H deflection oscillator? H Oscillator Is high voltage for the picture tube anode produced by the V or H output circuit? H output circuit 45. or 12. T The tolerance for the picture carrier frequency is +/. c. 12-4 a. b. 18 V – a typical dc supply voltage for small signal transistor amplifiers. 70.5 average b. All the upper sideband is transmitted. T The UHF television channels are 6 MHz wide. 11-3 a. c.1000 Hz. F A half-wave dipole is shorter for higher frequencies. 11-6 a. c.35 MHz. T Multipath signals cause ghosts in the picture. 25 kHz. T Is the sync used for the deflection oscillator of the amplifier? Oscillator The V oscillator frequency is too low. Vestigial sideband transmission of the AM picture signal. A 6 GHz is an uplink frequency.25 MHz. Sound carrier. f. d. 11-5 a.58 Mhz 60 Hz . Maximum white 10 to 15. 10 kHz. or about 0 to 0. c.5 Mhz 3.FM spectrum lies between channels 6 and 7.5 MHz. b. Percentage of modulation for +/. Satellites differ in angular heading by 3-5.
the local oscillator frequency for the tuning in channel 14. d. Too much black space at the bottom of the screen can be caused by weak vertical output. The mixer is the main source of receiver noise. The dc component of the video signal determine the brightness. b. T The standard level of composite video signal for connections between modular units is 1 Vp-p. b. d. Channel selectivity is determined IF.12-5 a. T The synchronizing pulses produce the scanning raster. Video detector is the stage in the TV receiver that is driven by the IF section. The IF response at 45. 12-11 a. b. 12-12 a. A single bright line across the center of the screen can be caused failure of the oscillator or amplifier or a defect in the coupling circuits or yoke. T A TV monitor does not have an RF tuner. e. The output stage operates similar to class c amplifier. The dc bias on the vertical amplifier affects the height and linearity of the raster. T. d. A typical time constant for the vertical integrator is 50 s. c. b. A high-voltage supply for the picture tube is included in the TV monitor. b. c. c. The 41. c. c. All the sync pulses have the same amplitude. T. RF Amplifier. b. HAFC is for horizontal sync. d. The direct coupling method preserves the dc component. b. 13-4 a d.stage in the receiver that the output signal of the VHF mixer feed. A break in the IF section can cause the symptom of no picture on a clean raster without snow. The output from the RC integrator is the voltage across C. 13-3 a.2 Mhz. The input signal for the video amplifier is supplied by the video detector.75 Mhz is equal to 50 percent. e. The resonant frequency of the sound takeoff trap in the video circuits is 4. 13-6 a. The separated sync includes all the sync pulses. c. T An overload picture is usually out of sync. AC video signal drive is varied by the contrast. 13-5 a.25 Mhz IF sound signal is 4. The video amplifier bandwidth in a monochrome receiver is generally 3.5 Mhz above the picture signal. 12-6 a. 13-7 HAFC – Horizontal AFC. 517 Mhz. b.stage in the tuner that is the most efficient in reducing oscillator radiation. b. c. 12-7 – wala lng 12-8 a. c. T The separated sync is inverted from the pulses in the composite video signal. b. The input for the V integrator is taken from the sync separator.5 MHz. b. V Hold control makes the picture stop rolling. 13-2 a. The diagonal black bar represents H scanning. The maximum frequency deviation of the FM associate sound signal is 25 kHz. The sync separator is a common-emitter amplifier. 12-10 a. . Horizontal Flyback is for high voltage. T Chapter 13 Raster circuits and Sync 13-1 a. It is a PLL. IF Amplifier. T A break in the antenna circuit can cause the symptom of no picture but with snow. c. 12-9 a. b.stage that produces the greatest receiver noise. c. The local oscillator beat above the RF signal frequencies. Mixer. F The V sync pulse has the lowest frequency. The frequency of the second sound IF signal when the receiver is tuned to UHF channel 14 is 4.5 MHz.
The relative gain for 42.3MHz.5 MHz. Circuits that can cause the trouble of no color are Bandpass amplifier. b. b. VHF broadcast channel does a TV receiver with a cable converter stay tuned at 2. Color red generally does not have a drive control. T The color control varies the gain of the bandpass amplifier.5 khz. No vertical hold is used. the monochrome picture and raster will be yellow. A synchronous demodulator needs two input signals. An open in the green output-adder stage results in a magenta picture. 14-9 a. 14-5 a. e. The whole gen-lock circuit can be contained in one dedicated chip. No horizontal output results in a total loss of the raster since the Flyback high voltage depends on the horizontal output. T The burst amplifier is on during H Flyback time. c.3 or 4. b. or confetti is predominantly magenta. b. The gen-lock system is used in television cameras and other studio equipment to provide the V and H drive signals. c. 14-10 a. The crystal ringer is shock-excited by color burst. d. b. f. c. b. The burst amplitude used to determine the ACC bias. The R-Y demodulator fails. 14-8 a. 14-7 a. The burst separator is off during horizontal trace line. b. T Color snow. It provides excellent interlacing. The bandpass amplifier is tuned to 3. T No color sync means that colors drift through the picture. d.. Chapter 14 Color Television Receiver Circuits 14-1 a.17 MHz in the IF amplifier is 50%. T The AFPC circuit provides dc control voltage for the color oscillator. The voltage regulator is used for the line rectifier. DC coupling used for the demodulator output. c. A fixed phase error in the color oscillator causes wrong hues. c. c. c. When the blue gun is dead. The manual color control varies the amplitude of the 3. T For the TV power supply: The Tripler is for high voltage. color oscillator and color killer. d. b. colors red and cyan will be missing from the picture. The angle between R-Y and B-Y is 90 . T The Y signal produces a monochrome picture. T The ACC circuit varies the gain of the first BPA.58 MHz chroma signal. the burst and oscillator cw signals are 90 out of phase. c. d. T In an AFPC phase detector.58 MHz with a typical bandwidth of +/. The beat frequency between the associated sound carrier and the picture carrier is 4. 14-6 a. The output from the BPA feed the demodulators. The superband channel number just above VHF broadcast channel 13 is 23. 14-4 a. .a. c. The drive controls adjusted for white. b. c.05 MHz. b. 14-2 a. 13-8 a. b. 13-9 a. T Burst is used to produce the dc bias from the color-killer diode detector. The value of the beat frequency between the associated sound carrier and color subcarrier is 920 kHz. The color killer bias is on the PBA. b. T Chapter 15 Cable Television 15-1 a. T A monochrome picture can be produced without the 3. T The tint control adjusts for the phase angle for the demodulated color video signals.58-MHz chroma section. The bandwidth of the I signal is 1. T The master oscillator operates at 31.
b. T A light-modulated signal is limited to narrow bandwidth in the modulation. Meter loading decreases the voltage reading. water-1. The frequency of 13 GHz is in the microwave band. T Typical index of refractions: glass. T FM can be used for microwave links for television. 15-10 a. An isolation transformer has separate primary and secondary windings. b. A scrambled channel usually has a picture that is out of sync.75 MHz. Sync and blanking bars from another channel can be caused by overload distortion. d. T 16-3 a. c. as evidenced by rolling and diagonal bars. F Refraction means the bending of light waves. b. T Coaxial cables have I2R losses. T Thinner cable has greater losses. 15-6 a. c. . A slope-control circuit increases the amplifier gain for higher-frequency channels. c. T Fiber-optic cable makes use of internal reflections of light. b. T The reference level for the dBmV unit is 1mV. T The video IF carrier in a cable converter is generally 612. 16-4 a. d. The value of the VSWR when a cable is terminated in its Zo is 1. c. e. The external multiplier for a high-voltage probe is 900M. T The wider blade in a polarized ac line plug connects to the chassis in receivers with a line-operated halfwave rectifier. T In two-way cable systems. T Supertrunks have the cable channels that are heterodyned down to lower frequencies. The cable converter uses two local oscillators. Open ends of transmission line correspond to a parallel resonant circuit. d. F DMM has higher resistance as a dc voltmeter. The poling signal is in the band of 107 to 119 MHz. T Losses increase with higher temperature.8. The head end of a cable system is the starting point of cable signals. A scrambles channel needs decoding pulses to restore the sync. A line with more C per unit length has a lower Zo. b. A 6-dB loss reduces the signal level by one-half. b. 15-7 a. b. c. The outer conductor of coaxial cable serves as a shield. An oscilloscope with a 50 MHz bandwidth must be used for TV servicing. c. c. T Fiber-optics cable has very low losses.4. 15-9 a. b. d. Generally RG-59U cable is used for the drop line. The local oscillator for the up converter operates in the UHF range. c. b. c.15-2 a.3 Chapter 16 Television and Video Servicing 16-1 a. b. 15-12 a. 15-3 a. T A trunk cable is the main line for cable signals. 15-4 a.5 mV in dBmV units is –6 dBmV. Cable losses increases at higher frequencies. b. 15-11 a. T The insertion loss is lower than the tap loss for line taps. The signal level of 2 mV in dBmV units is 6dBmV. c. c. The upstream signal is in the band of 5 to 30 MHz. T Wave traps to attenuate premium channels are usually located in the feed line to each subscriber. 15-5 a. The value of R that was used to terminate RG-59U coaxial cable for impedance matching is 75 ohms. diamond-2. b. c. 15-8 a. A balun is used to match the 75- coaxial cable to the 300- receiver input. The signal level of 0. T Each cable channel is selected by setting the frequency of the VCO for the up converter. the same cable for downstream and upstream signals.1. b.0.
15. b. T A dual-beam oscilloscope has a CRT with two electron guns.5 MHz Brightness . Conduction in the SCR kills the high voltage. Excessive moisture can trigger the automatic stop in a VCR. 10. c. b. The range of the tint control when it can move a color one bar to the left and right is +/-30. T. b. Color bars have the standard amplitude of 75 IRE units. c. Which color-difference signal has the same phase as the burst? (B-Y) Which color bar has the output from a B-Y demodulator? Sixth No horizontal output can kill the sound. A gassy picture tube can make the anode voltage too low. The standard output voltage from a color camera is 1V p-p. c. 16-5 a. 11. Transformer T1 is the horizontal output transformer. 16-11 a. 17. b. T A tuner subber produces the IF output signal. 4. END CHAPTER QUESTIONS: Chapter 1 Applications of Television Matching Type 1. If the anode potential drops a few kilowatts. The trouble is in the Horizontal Oscillator. 8. 16-6 a. T. T. T The NTSC color-bar generator produces standard chroma and luminance values. 16-8 a. 16-9 a. Blooming in the picture tube indicates a poor HV regulation. T. 5. d. a. An inexpensive way to obtain a good alignment tape is a copy the manufacturer’s original. Insufficient beam current in a vidicon causes a low-contrast picture. 14. b. b. green and blue for color camera is done by pointing the camera at a stair-step reflectance chart. 13. The grounded clip lead should be connected first in order to discharge the high voltage. c. Vidicon Baseband signal TV channel bandwidth Channel 2 frequencies Amplitude modulation Frequency modulation Picture frames per second Horizontal lines per frame Cable television Special-effects generator Channel 3 or 4 Infrared TV Facsimile Coaxial cable impedance Chroma signal Byte Intercarrier frequency Anode high voltage Camera tube Video signal 6 MHz 54 to 60 MHz RF picture carrier signal RF sound carrier signal 30 525 Head end SEG VCR RF output Closed-circuit TV Slow-scan TV 75 ohms 3. b. T A receiver with current in the ADG coils has AC power input. 9.58 MHz 8 bits 4. 12. the raster will be bigger. A delayed-sweep oscilloscope uses two internal time bases. 3. Balancing red. Hum in the sync can cause bend in the picture. Two pairs of horizontal bars are produced by 120-Hz ripple in the video signal. T. 16-10 All answers are TRUE. d. the problem of no color can be paused by poor electrical focus. c. e. T. c. d. 6. Ina single-tube color camera. 18. 16-7 a. F A large error in the scanner rotational speed makes the picture look as if it were out of horizontal sync. 2.b. 7. The picture tube shows a thin vertical line before the screen goes black. T The color bars in a gated rainbow pattern differ in hue phase by 30. 16-12 a. e. 16. The TV switch on an oscilloscope can be set for two cycles of video signal. at either the V or the H scanning rate. b. T.
this time equals 6. Precise scanning size and linearity are most important in a single-tube color pickup. One-half line spacing between the start positions for scanning even and odd fields produces exact interlacing. The hue 180 out of phase with red is a cyan. A low-contrast picture in which white seems flat and lacking in detail suggests a low beam current. 4.58-MHz color subcarrier and the 4. A Plumbicon is a camera tube that has a minimum lag. 1. Greater p-p amplitude of the 3. Camera signal output without sync is called non-composite video. 12. but the sync pulses are needed for timing. 3.2A. “The keystone effect produces a square raster”. A lens has an 8-cm focal length and 4-cm diameter. 9. 8. Sawtooth generator circuits produce the scanning raster. Chapter 8 Color Television: Circuits and Signals Fill in the blanks. If the horizontal flyback is 10%. Beam alignment magnets for the camera tube are adjusted while rocking which control the electrical focus. 9. 4. 7. 7. 6. In the frame for which interlaced scanning is used. 10. “31. 3. In the sawtooth waveform for linear scanning the complete cycle includes trace and retrace. The number of lines scanned per frame in the raster on the picture tube screen is 525.4s. alternate lines are skipped during vertical scanning because the vertical scanning frequency is doubled from 30 to 60 Hz. Plumbicon is a camera tube that uses a lead oxide (PbO) for the photoconductive target plate.58-MHz chrominance signal indicates more saturation. 2. Special effects and production switching are done by the SEG.5 MHZ intercarrier sounds. 6.2. Chapter 6 Scanning and Synchronizing Fill in the blanks. 1. .it is a false statement. 1. The gamma of the picture tube is 2. 10. The hue of color sync phase is yellow green. 8.500 Hz for the vertical scanning frequency” is a wrong assertion. If the camera cannot be placed far away enough to include everything in the scene. The interfering beat frequency of 920 kHz is between the 3. 2. 4. 5. The width of a vertical sync pulse with its serrations includes the time of six half-lines. the number of complete horizontal lines scanned during vertical flyback is 10.Chapter 3 Television Cameras Fill in the blanks. 5. Its f rating is 2. change the lens to one with a shorter focal length. The part of the invisible spectrum where camera pickup tubes have the greatest output is the yellowgreen. Brightness variations of the picture information are in the Y signal. 2. A typical value of vidicon dark current is 0. Given a 635-s vertical retrace time. 3. or three lines. 5. 11.
58 MHz. I signal has color information for 1. 9. Which of the following statements is true? Negative transmission means that the carrier amplitude decreases for black. 2. A typical frequency for the FM luminance signal in VCR recording is 3. 6. The difference between the sound carrier and color subcarrier frequencies is 0. Which of the following applies to the color-under technique? Chroma frequencies are reduced. 7. The modulated picture carrier wave includes the composite video signal as the symmetric carrier level without the lower envelope. Chapter 12 1. Tilting the video head gaps is necessary with the zero guard bands.5 Mhz video signal modulating the picture carrier. is 3.5 Mhz.58 Mhz? 4.” –it is a false statement. 10.83 Mhz. 4. In all standard television broadcast channels. 6. 8. in kilohertz is 25 kHz. The difference between the sound carrier frequencies in two adjacent channels is 6 Mhz. In channel 14 (470 to 476 Mhz). the tapespeed is regulated by the controltrack pulses. Chapter 11 1. 3. The maximum deviation of the FM sound signal. 9. How many octaves is the frequency range of 1 to 8? 3 Which system can be used for both recording and playback? VHS How many TV fields are recorded on one slant track of tape? 1 The video heads rotate at high velocity to increase the writing speed. 12. the disk capacitance varies with the pit depth.58-MHz modulated chrominance signal is the brightness of the color.58-MHz C amplifier in the receiver does not operate. 13. The color with the most luminance is yellow. 4. If the 3. The part that rotates to meter o the tape at constant speed is capstan.58 color signal is transmitted at 474. for any station. The hue of a color 90 leading sync burst phase is cyan. Servocontrol of speed and phase is used for the video scanner head. 2. Switching for each field is required for the video heads.25 upper side frequency. To make the tape speed the same in playback as in recording.21 Mhz A comb filter is used to cancel chroma crosstalk. 9. 14. 3.3-MHz bandwidth.5 Mhz. the difference between the picture and sound carrier frequencies is 4. 7. 8.92 Mhz. 12. 10. both upper and lower side frequencies are transmitted. 8. With a 2 Mhz video signal modulating the picture carrier signal for channel 4 (66 to 72 Mhz). Chapter 10 From the multiple choice questions: 1. With a 0. 11. the 3. 7. which of the following frequencies are transmitted? 67. 11. 15. The second IF value for color in receivers.6. Line-of-sight transmission is a characteristic of propagation for the VHF band and higher frequencies. 5. “A fully saturated color is mostly white. Which system uses a laser light beam for playback? VLP In the CED system. 3. What oscillator frequency is needed to heterodyne 629 khz up to 3. The average voltage value of the 3. 5. the result will be no color. 10. 2. Contrast of picture Audio signal output Gain control of RF and IF Video amplifier FM detector AGC .25 Mhz carrier frequency and 69.
A crystal-ringer circuit is used for the AFPC on color oscillator. A trunk cable run has a loss of –20 dBmV. The cable converter output for the TV receiver is usually on channel 3. Which of the following stages must be on during horizontal Flyback time? Burst separator. 7. 7. The upstream signal in two-way cable systems has the frequency of 5 to 30 MHz. 11. for up-down cable converter is 612. the voltage gain of the next amplifier should be at least 10. Which control varies the phase angle of the color video signal? Tint Which of the following stages has the bias from the AGC and color killer circuits? Chroma BPA. To make up for this loss.5 Mhz sound signal is 0. 7. 3. 3. Which of the ff is a midband cable TV channel is A or 14.8s time delay? Y video. 6. in megahertz. The output of the color oscillator feeds the color demodulators. 5. The beat frequency between the 3. The balance for Y video signals to the three guns in the picture tube is set by the drive controls.92 MHz. IF conversion Synchronization of picture Brightness of raster DC electrode voltages Snowy picture Adjacent-channel selectivity Baseband video signal Mixer Sync separator High-voltage supply Low-voltage supply RF amplifier IF wave traps Video detector Chapter 14 1. Frequency synthesis is used for the VCO in the up-converter. 9. The trouble is no color. 2.4. 5. A tap for the subscriber drop line has a high tap loss. 4. 6. 10. 11. 6. 10. 14. 15. the decoding pulses are sent on the sound carrier. The most popular plug for the RG-59U coaxial cable is the F connector. Which of the ff is true? Weak signal causes snow in the picture. Which of the following applies for a monochrome picture? Chroma amplifier off. 8. The output of the burst separator feeds the AFPC for color oscillator. 8. Drifting color bars in the picture indicate trouble in the AFPC for color oscillator.58 color subcarrier and the 4. The color oscillator does not operate. . 5. 8. 9. A typical value for the IF signal. 12.75. 4. The color level control is in the BPA. Coaxial cable for distribution systems has an impedance of 150 ohms. Chapter 15 1. 13. 10. 2. Which of the following is not tuned to 3. Which needs a 0. For in-band descramblers. 9.58 Mhz? Video preamplifier The contrast control is in the Y video amplifier.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.