You are on page 1of 10

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3) Zokam Tonology and Orthography:

Taang Zomi

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)


/z mi m ml mn ml m z | tm/ Gelhtu: Taang Zomi
/l tu | t z mi/

<Lang>
Nung-in <Khat> vai i gen khin hi. Aw-tom, nuaikiat /xt/ pen <Khat> ci-in gelh-in, aw-sau, pheipai /xt/ pen <Khaat> ci-in gelh leeng, kitel khial lo ding, ci-in i gen hi. Tua pen Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (2) i ci hi. http://www.zomilibrary.com/main/archive/files/zomi-mimal-min-malgawm-zia%282%29_5d43434324.pdf Tun Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3) kipan ni. Khuangnung /x n/ Pu Tg. Lang Za thu, a za ngei i om kha ding hi. Pu Khan Thuam a kisuam sawm ciangin, Pu Lang Za va beel masa hi. Rev. Tg. Kham Za Nang /t xm z n/ (Louisiana, USA), Tg. Khup Khan Thang /t xup xn t/ (Oklahoma, USA), Major Rev. Tg. Khup Cin Pau /t xup tsn pu/ (Singapore) cihte in tel mahmah ding uh hi. A min awsuah zong tel mahmah ding uh hi. Tedim-ah, Tg. Ngul Lang, Tg. Lang Khat Thang, Tg. Lang Suan Pau, Tg. Lang Za Gin, Tg. Lang Suan Mang, Tg. Lang Suan Mung cihte om hi. Tuate pen aw-tom nuai-kiat vive ahi hi. /l/ cih ding, ahi uh hi. Tu lai-a gelh dan zui leeng, Tg. Ngul Langh /t l l/, Tg. Langh Khat Thang /t l xt t/, Tg, Langh Suan Pau /t l sn pu/, Tg. Langh Za Gin /t l z n/, Tg. Langh Suan Mang /t l sn m/, Tg. Langh Suan Mung /t l sn m/ ci-a gelh ding, ahi hi. 20 NOV 2010 ni-in Tongsan googlegroup-ah, Bus Accident a site hong suak hi. No. 11-na-ah, Lian Za Pum, S/o Lang Za Kam, Tonzang kici hi. Pu Tg. Lang Za sung-a Lang pen / l/ (nuai-kiat, tom) hi lo-in, /l/ (pheipai, sau) ahi hi. Tg. Laang Za /t l z/ ci-in malgawm leeng, kitel pah ding hi. Friday, June 10, 2011 Page 1 of 10

Taang Zomi

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

Tua bangmah-in, Tg. Lian Za Pum pa Tg. Lang Za Kam sung-a Lang pen /l/ (pheipai, sau) ahi hi. Tg. Laang Za Kam /t l z km/ ci-in malgawm leeng, a kitel pah ding, ahi hi. http://groups.google.com/group/tongsan/browse_thread/thread/c9ec3d72aba9d152/2bc8be1abf33 0656?lnk=gst&q=Min+Maan+#2bc8be1abf330656 http://groups.google.com/group/tongsan/browse_thread/thread/c9ec3d72aba9d152/bf585bf11782 5e26?lnk=gst&q=Min+Maan+#bf585bf117825e26 Georgia-a om laphuak Sia Tg. Lang Khen Mang sung-a Lang zong, /l/ mah ahi hi. Tg. Laang Kheenh Mang/t l xen m/ cih ding mah ahi hi.

<Cin>
Cin Mang ci-in gelh leeng, pasal ahih lam i thei pah-a, Ciin Man ci-in gelh leeng numei ahih lam i thei pah hi. Vowel nih kizom-a gelh ding a deih lote in, Cin Mang le Cin Man ci-in gelh ding uh hi. Cin Man sung-a Man i muh ciangin, numei hi, ci-in i thei thei-a, ahih hangin, Cin Mang sung-a Mang i muh ciangin, numei hiam, pasal hiam i thei tuan kei hi. Bang hang hiam cih leh, Mang pen pasal bek hi lo-in numei in zong, zangh hi. Tua ahih manin, pasal ahih leh Cin aihkeh Cinh /tsn/ ci-in malgawm leeng-a, numei ahih leh Ciin /tsin/ ci-in malgawm leeng, kitel pah hi. Hih, Cin le Ciin pen i zatzatsa ahi hi.

<Kham>
Tonzang-ah Pu Tg. Kham Cin om-a, Tedim-ah, Pu Tg. Kham Cin Thang om hi.. Hih muntea Kham pen a aw-sau, pheipai ahi hi. /t xm tsn/ le /t xm tsn t/ ahi uh hi. Tg. Khaam Cin, Tg. Khaam Cin Thang ci-in malgawm leeng, kitel pah hi. Tonzang-ah Tg. Kham Za Thang om-a, Tedim-ah Tg. Kham Za Kam om hi. Hih munte-a Kham pen aw-tom, pheipai ahi hi. /t xm z t/ le /t xm z km/ ahi uh hi.

<Mang>
Ka nite khat tapa pen Tg. Mang Tung Thang kici hi. Tedim Ukpi Pu Tg. Pum Za Mang /pu Page 2 of 10 Friday, June 10, 2011

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

Taang Zomi

t pm z m/ a kitap ahi hi. Ka suahpih ka naute khat pen Tg. Lang Suan Mang kici hi. Tg. Mang Tung Thang sung-a Mang pen aw-sau, pheipai /m/ hi-a, tua bangmah-in, Tg. Lang Suan Mang sung-a Mang pen aw-sau, pheipai /m/ ahi hi. Tg. Mang Tungg Thang /t m t t/ le Tg. Langh Suan Mang /t l sn m/ ahi uh hi. Teeklui khua Sia Tg. Mang Tung Thang hong om leeuleeu hi. Ama ma-in, Tg. Awn Za Mang (Immigration Office) hong om hi. Amau min pen a tung-a i gensa Mang tawh kibang lo hi. Aw-tom pheipai /m/ ahi hi. Tg. Mang Tungg Thang /t m t t/ le Tg. Awn Za Mang /t n z m/ ahi uh hi. Tu-a aw-tom, pheipai Mang pen i malgawm zia ding a dang om thei tuan lo-a Mang ci-a malgawm ding mah hong suak hi: Mang Tungg Thang le Awn Za Mang. Tua ahih manin, a masa aw-sau, pheipai Mang pen Maang ci-a malgawm ding ding hong suak hi: Maang Tung Thang le Lang Suan Maang. I gensate tawh kizui-in, Maang Tungg Thang le Langh Suan Maang ci-a malgawm ding hong suak hi.

[zop lai ding]

Friday, June 10, 2011

Page 3 of 10

Taang Zomi APPENDIX =

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

Table of Contents
Outline of Suggestions for Correction of the Ambiguous Spelling of Some Zomi Personal Names....5
Conventions Used................................................................................................5 I. Long and Short Vowels....................................................................................6
1. Long Vowel - Tone 1 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []......................................................6 2. Long Vowel - Tone 3 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 3 []......................................................6 3. Long Vowel - Tone 3 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []......................................................6 4. Long Vowel - Tone 4 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []......................................................6

II. Tones................................................................................................................8
1. Tone 1 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel......................................................8 2. Tone 1 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 3 [] - Short Vowel.....................................................8 3. Tone 1 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Long Vowel......................................................8 4. Tone 1 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel.....................................................9 5. Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Long Vowel......................................................9 6. Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel......................................................9 7. Tone 3 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel.....................................................9

Page 4 of 10

Sunday, May 8, 2011

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

Taang Zomi

Outline of Suggestions for Correction of the Ambiguous Spelling of Some Zomi Personal Names
By Taang Zomi

Conventions Used
1. The topics are arranged in order of vowel length (Long, Short, Creaky, and Reduced). e.g., Long Vowel Tone 1; Short Vowel Tone 1; Long Vowel Tone 3; Short Vowel Tone 3; Long Vowel Tone 4; Short Vowel Tone 4; Long Vowel Tone 4, Creaky Vowel Tone 4; Reduced Vowel Tone 4; etc. 2. The topics are arranged in order of tones (Tone 1, Tone 2, Tone 3, and Tone 4). e.g., Tone 1 - Long Vowel; Tone 1 - Short Vowel; Tone 3 - Long Vowel; Tone 3 - Short Vowel; Tone 4 Long Vowel; Tone 4 Short Vowel; Tone 4 Creaky Vowel; Tone 4 Reduced Vowel; etc. 3. Personal names are listed in order of alphabetic letters (from A to Z). e.g., Cin, Do, Kham, Lang, Mang, No, Siam, Vial, Zo 4 Orthographic words (spellings) are transcribed within angle brackets < >. e.g., <Kim>, <No>, <Zo> 5. Phonemes are transcribed within forward slant brackets / /. e.g., Ciin /tsin/; Cin, Cinh /tsn/; Khaat /xt/; Khat /xt/. 6. Phones (or allophones), if any, are transcribed within square brackets [ ]. e.g., Khua /xu/ has three allophones: [xu], [x], and [x]. Za /z/ has four allophones: [z], [z], [z], and [z] 7. A question mark [?] is used for a spelling that is questionable, doubtful, or unresolved. Friday, June 10, 2011 Page 5 of 10

Taang Zomi

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

I. Long and Short Vowels


1. Long Vowel - Tone 1 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []
Sr Prevalent LongTone 1 Short Tone 4 No Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) <Cin>, <Cinh> 1 <Cin> /tsin/ <Ciin> /tsn/ Table 1. Long Vowel - Tone 1 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []

2. Long Vowel - Tone 3 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 3 []


Sr Prevalent Long Tone 3 Short Tone 3 N Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct o Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) (3) /xm/ (4) <Khaam> (5) /xm/ <Kham> <Mang> (6) 1 <Kham>

2 <Mang> /m/ <Maang> /m/ Table 2.Long Vowel - Tone 3 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 3 []

3. Long Vowel - Tone 3 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []


Sr Prevalent Long Tone 3 Short Tone 3 No Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) /xt/ (3) (4) <Khaat> /xt/ (5) <Khat> <Lang>, <Langh> (6) 1 <Khat>

2 <Lang> /l/ <Laang> /l/ Table 3.Long Vowel - Tone 3 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []

4. Long Vowel - Tone 4 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 []

Page 6 of 10

Friday, June 10, 2011

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

Taang Zomi

Sr Prevalent Long Tone 4 Short Tone 4 No Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) (3) /xen/ (4) (5) (6) <Khen>, <Khenh> <Kheen>, /xn/ <Kheenh> Table 4. Long Vowel - Tone 4 [], and Short Vowel - Tone 4 [] 1 <Khen>

Friday, June 10, 2011

Page 7 of 10

Taang Zomi

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

II. Tones
1. Tone 1 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel
Sr Prevalent Tone 1, Long Vowel Tone 3, Long Vowel No Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) (3) /n/ /s/ (4) <Niangg> <Siamm> (5) /n/ /sm/ <Niang> <Siam> <Vial> (6) 1 <Niang> 2 <Siam>

3 <Vial> /vl/ <Viall> /vl// Table 5. Tone 1 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel

2. Tone 1 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 3 [] - Short Vowel


Sr Prevalent Tone 1, Short Vowel Tone 3, Short Vowel No Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcriptio Spelling n (1) (2) /km/ /n/ (3) (4) <Kimm> (5) /km// <Kim> <No>, <Noo> (?), <Zo> (6) 1 <Kim> 2 <No>

<No>, <Nou> (?) /n/

3 <Zo> /z/ <Zo>, <Zou> (?) /z/ Table 6.Tone 1 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 3 [] - Short Vowel

3. Tone 1 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Long Vowel


Sr Prevalent Tone 1, Long Vowel Tone 4, Long Vowel No Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) <Suan>, <Suanh> 1 <Suan> /sn/ <Suann> /sn/ Table 7. Tone 1 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Long Vowel

Page 8 of 10

Sunday, May 8, 2011

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3)

Taang Zomi

4. Tone 1 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel


Sr Prevalent No Spelling (1) (2) /lm/ Tone 1, Short Vowel Tone 4, Short Vowel Suggested Correct Spelling (6) <Lam>, <Lamh> <Pum>, <Pumh> Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription (3) (4) <Lamm> /lm/ (5)

1 <Lam>

2 <Pum> /pm/ <Pumm> /pm/ Table 8. Tone 1 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel

5. Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Long Vowel


Sr Prevalent Tone 3, Short No Spelling Vowel Tone 1, Short Vowel Tone 3, Short Vowel Tone 1, Short Vowel

Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) (3) /li/ /nem/ /tl/ <Luai> <Nem>, Neem <Tual> (4) (5) /li/ /nem/ /tl/ <Lhuai> (?) <Nemh>, <Neemh> <Tuahl> (?) <Vumh>, <Vuumh> (6) 1 <Luai> 2 <Nem> 3 <Tual>

4 <Vum> /vum/ <Vum>, <Vuum> /vum/ Table 9. Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Long Vowel

6. Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel


Sr Prevalent Tone 3, Long Vowel Tone 4, Short Vowel No Spelling Phonemic Suggested Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Correct Spelling Transcription Spelling (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Khat (6) 1 Khat /xt/ Khaat /xt/ Table 10. Tone 3 [] - Long Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel

7. Tone 3 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel

Friday, June 10, 2011

Page 9 of 10

Taang Zomi Sr No Prevalent Spelling

Zomi Mimal Min Malgawm Zia (3) Tone 4, Short Vowel T Phonemic Suggested Correct Transcription Spelling (5) /ts/ /dm/ /d/ /xn/ /l/ <Cingh> <Dimh> <Dho> <Khanh> <Nguhl> (?) <Vungh> (6)

Tone 3, Short Vowel Phonemic Suggested Transcription Correct Spelling

(1)

(2) /ts/ /dm/ /d/ /xn/ /l/

(3)

(4) <Cing> <Dim> <Do> <Khan> <Ngul>

1 <Cing> 2 <Dim> 3 <Do> 4 <Khan> 5 <Ngul>

6 <Vung> /v/ <Vung> /v/ Table 11. Tone 3 [] - Short Vowel, and Tone 4 [] - Short Vowel

Page 10 of 10

Friday, June 10, 2011