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CAM101 Complete Course Notes Reduced Size

CAM101 Complete Course Notes Reduced Size

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Published by: haydenfarquhar on Jun 11, 2011
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Cholesterol and steroids

• Cholesterol is a complex lipid that is imported into cell membranes
• The build-up of cholesterol in blood and blood vessel walls increases the risk of CVD
• Some are converted into various steroids, mostly hormones (e.g. oestrogen, testosterone, cortisol)
• Small amounts exist in foods, but we can produce our own, so cholesterol is not essential in our diet


• Examples are thromboxanes and prostacyclins
• These are ‘local hormones’ made in the body from polyunsaturated fatty acids
• They are not present in foods
• Different eicosanoids affect blood clotting, blood pressure and inflammation


• Structurally similar to triglycerides, but also contain phosphate and organic bases (e.g. chlorine)
• Crucial in cell membrane, breathing, blood clotting
• Small amounts are in some food, but these get digested in the gut
• We make them in our cells, so they are not essential in our diet

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Fat soluble vitamins – A, D, E, K

• These are fat-soluble organic compounds
• The main ones are A, D, E and K
• We cannot make them on our own (except for Vitamin D) so, small amounts are essential in our diet
• Mostly found in foods that contain fat

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