J.

H STEWARD

BRIT'

Qf/T 1 :AN TO THE

2. Barometers and Thermometers. 3. Microscopes and Apparatus. 4. Surveying and Drawing Instruments. Compasses. 5. Optical Lanterns.

ratis, post

glasses.

6. iv— iuuy .Luc.x^v.nts, Rangefinders, Luminous Compasses, Signalling Instruments. 8a. Rifle Requisites. 9. Photographic Apparatus.

J. H. STEWARD, 406 STRAND 457 WEST STRAND 7 GRAC^CHURCH STREET LONDON, ENGLAND.

LAU°i?ftl c .TOBACCOS, &c. $ CARRIAGE BUI^ H.M. THE QUF ^ Sorters. H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES, |5kJfc &|i HH - THE ArEER 0F AND H.R.H. ^^^^5 AFGHANISTAN, THE DUKE OF CONNAUCHT, J^^^^^^ THECAEKW e A t R c CFBAR0DA ' A large assortment of New Carriages finished, and ready to finish to choice of colours at short notice ; also a selection of Second-hand Carriages, our own build, any of which may be hired with option of purchase if desired. INDIA-KTJBBER TYRES FITTED TO ANY CARRIAGE. V CARRIAGES BUILT SPECIALLY TO SUIT HOT CLIMATES.

311 OXFORD STREET, LONDON, W. Prize Medals: PARIS 1867, and LONDON 1873. Gold Medal: PARIS 1878. Telegraphic Address— " PHAETONS," LONDON.

Demy quarto, in 1 vol., cloth extra. Price 30*. net. BURMA By MAX. AND BERTHA FERRARS 300 pages text, and 450 Illustrations from Photographs. The life of the Burman is portrayed from the cradle to the grave. A series of 450 consecutive photographs illustrate the characteristic situations in the life of the leading race, the aboriginal or hill races, the effects of scenery, the animals, and the vegetation. The portrayal of no people has yet been carried out with this degree of fulness and of beauty. Burma presents contrasts to India, China, and Japan, as great as these do to one another. But just as Japan is becoming Europeanized and losing her

outward individuality, so is Burma also, and so is the Tyrol and every country whose charm lay in a distinctive aspect. In less thiui a generation the indigenous character of Burma will have passed. Even now the medley is such that only an observer trained to the habits and ideas of old Burma can separate the pristine features. Only by help of such an experience, and by studying each subject until a characteristic and artistic picture resulted, has it been possible to record the features of Burma in their original type. During the course of four years several thousands of special photographs were taken for this purpose. Illustrated Prospectus sent post free on application.

LONDON : SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & CO., Ltd. St. Dunstan's House, Fetter Lane, Fleet Street, E.C.

-. r

IGERS.

^OUNT WOLSELEY'S DECLINE AND Third Edition. Crown 8vo, cloth, fully illustrated, 3*. 6d. "A rare combination of military insight and literary skill." — Times. FIELD-MARSHAL LORD ROBERTS'S RISE OF WELLINGTON. Second Edition. Crown 8vo, cloth extra, fully illustrated, 3^. 6d. "A very interesting study of Wellington."— Spectator. GENERAL SIR EVELYN WOOD'S CAVALRY IN THE WATERLOO CAMPAIGN. Second Edition. Crown 8vo, cloth extra, fully illustrated, 3s. 6d. " Spirited and vividly written."— Daily News.

MAJOR E. S. MAY'S GUNS AND CAVALRY. An Account of the United Action of Cavalry and Artillery. Crown 8vo, cloth extra, fully illustrated, 3s. 6d. "No writer is better qualified than Major May to treat this subject."— Scotsman. FIELD ARTILLERY WITH THE OTHER ARMS: Its Employment. Illustrated from Military History ; and its Re-armament with Quick-firing Guns Discussed. By Major E. S. May, R.A., Author of ' Guns and Cavalry,' 'Achievements of Cavalry,' etc. With Plans. Crown 8vo, 6s.' '•We gladly welcome Major May's thoughtful and accurate treatise."— Daily News.

NEW WORK BY CAPTAIN MAHAN. LESSONS OF THE WAR WITH SPAIN. By Captain Alfred T. Mahan, D.C.L. Crown 8vo, cloth extra, 10s. 6d. net. In One Vol. of over 750 pages. Price 12s. 6d. net. New, Revised, and Cheaper Edition of CAPTAIN MAHAN'S LIFE OF NELSON. With New Preface by Captain Mahan. The Illustrations and Battle Plans as in the two vol. 36$. Edition (still in print), and an ENTIRELY NEW CHART, giving the general lines of Nelson's Cruisings, 1777 to 1805, with Crossed Flags in Red, indicating his chief Battles. "A cheap edition of this masterpiece is a national benefit. Captain Mahan is a most accomplished naval critic of the day, and he has traced the development of Nelson's powers and described his successive victories in a way that makes this book a professional classic."— Quarterly Review. CAPTAIN MAHAN'S WORKS ON SEA POWER. INFLUENCE OF SEA POWER UPON HISTORY. 1660-1783. With 25 Charts of Great Naval Battles. Demy 8vo, cloth extra, gilt top, xZs. -

INFLUENCE OF SEA POWER ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND EMPIRE. With 13 Maps and Battle Plans. 2 vols., demy 8vo, cloth extra, gilt top, 30s. INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES IN SEA POWER, PRESENT AND FUTURE. Crown 8vo, cloth extra, 10s. bd. net. UNITED STATES NAVY IN THE CIVIL WAR. The Gulf and Inland Waters. With Maps. New Edition. With Steel Engravings, <j$. THE LIFE OF ADMIRAL FARRAGUT. With Steel Portrait, also a General Map and Plans. Crown 8vo, cloth, 6s.

LONDON : SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & CO., Ltd. St. Dunstan's House, Fetter Lane, Fleet Street, E.C.

COPE'S TOBACCOS, &c, For Shippers and Exporters.

Special Lists of COPE'S MANUFACTURES, Cigars, Cigarettes, Snuffs, Tobaccos (Pressed, Spun, and Cut), suitable for Exportation, forwarded on receipt of Business Card.

10, LORD NELSON ST, LIVERPOOL 89, GREAT EASTERN ST., LONDON, E.C. Bonded Factory and Warehouse —

SIMPSON STREET. LIVERPOOL

For Liverpool: TELEGRAMS— Cope, Liverpool. For London: TELEGRAMS— Golden Cloud, London.

THACKER, SPINK & CO., CALCUTTA AND SIMLA, PUBLISHERS, BOOKSELLERS, STATIONERS, ETC., 5 & 6 GOVERNMENT PLACE, CALCUTTA, REGENT HOUSE, SIMLA.

STATIONERY of the Highest Class for ceremonial, private, and general uses. NOTE PAPERS specially made for India. CRESTS, MONOGRAMS, etc., engraved and embossed in colours or gold. VISITING CARDS, INVITATION CARDS, etc., engraved and printed. TESTIMONIALS AND SPECIALITIES of all sorts designed and executed in the best style. PRINTING, LETTERPRESS AND LITHOGRAPHIC, done in highclass style. PROCESS, ART, AND LINE BLOCKS prepared from Drawings, Photographs, etc., and carefully printed. STATIONERY, FANCY GOODS. All carefully selected. ENGRAVINGS, PHOTOGRAVURES, etc. A large selection. FIELD GLASSES, TELESCOPES, etc., chiefly by J. H. STEWARD. SILVER GOODS : Card Cases, Pencil Cases, Cigar Cases, etc. ARTICLES FOR TRAVELLING. All of the best manufacture. ARTISTS' MATERIALS, chiefly by WiNSOR and Newton, and

other best makers. DRAWING INSTRUMENTS. SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS. PLAYING CARDS. GAMES OF ALL SORTS. LISTS ON APPLICATION.

THACKER, SPINK & CO., Calcutta and Simla.

THACKER, SPINK & CO, CALCUTTA AND SIMLA.

LAYS OF IND. By Aliph Cheem. Tenth Edition. With 70 Illustrations. Comic, satirical, and descriptive poems, illustrative of Indian Life. 6s. THE TRIBES ON MY FRONTIER. An Indian Naturalist's Foreign Policy. By Eha. With 50 Illustrations by F. C. Macrae. Sixth Edition. 6s. BEHIND THE BUNGALOW. By Eha, author of ' The Tribes on my Frontier.' With 43 Illustrations by the same Artist. Fifth Edition. 6s. TWENTY-ONE DAYS IN INDIA. Being the Tour of Sri Ali Baba, K.C.B. By George Aberigh-Mackay. Sixth and enlarged Edition. With Illustrations. Crown 8vo, cloth, 6s. A NATURALIST ON THE PROWL. By Eha, author of 'The Tribes on my Frontier,' ' Behind the Bungalow.' Second Edition. 6s. ECHOES FROM OLD CALCUTTA. By H. E. Busteed, M.D., CLE. Third Edition, Enlarged and Illustrated. Post 8vo, 7s. 6d. A HANDBOOK OF INDIAN FERNS. By Colonel R. H. Beddome, F.L.S., Late Conservator of Forests, Madras ; author of ' The Ferns of British India,' ' The Ferns of Southern India.' 300 Illustrations. Imperial i6mo, 12$. 6d. FIRMINGER'S MANUAL OF GARDENING FOR INDIA. A New Edition,

thoroughly revised and rewritten. With many Illustrations. By H. St. J. Jackson. Imperial i6mo, 15s. THACKER'S INDIAN DIRECTORY, ANNUAL, embraces every detail, Commercial, Official, Social, etc., of the whole of British India and the Native States. With Maps. THACKER'S MAP OF INDIA, with Inset Physical Maps, Sketch Plans of Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras. Edited by J. G. Bartholomew. Corrected to present date, with Railways, Political Changes, and an Index of 10,000 Names, being every place mentioned in ' Hunter's Imperial Gazetteer.' In book form, -js. 6d. LARGE-GAME SHOOTING IN NORTHERN AND CENTRAL INDIA AND THIBET. By Brigadier-General Alex. A. A. Kinloch. 4to. 36 Plates and Map. Third Edition, enlarged, 42$. NATURAL HISTORY OF THE MAMMALIA OF INDIA. By R. A. Sterndale, F.R.Z.S. 170 Illustrations. Square i6mo, 12s. 6d. SEONEE : A Tale of Indian Adventure. 36 Illustrations. By R. A. Sterndale. A Book of Field Sports in Central India. Second Cheaper Edition. Ss. 6d. GAME, SHORE, AND WATER BIRDS. By Colonel A. Le Messurier, R.E. Revised and Enlarged. Nearly 200 Illustrations. A SUMMER IN HIGH ASIA. A summer ramble through Baltistan and Ladakh. By Capt. F. E. S. Adair (late Rifle Brigade). With a Chapter on Central Asian Trade by Capt. S. H. Godfrey. Illustrated, and a Map of the Route. Medium 8vo, cloth extra, 12s. 6d. net. BULLET AND SHOT IN INDIAN FOREST, PLAIN, AND HILL. With Hints to Beginners of Indian Shooting. By C. E. M. Russell, late Senior Deputy Conservator of Forests, Mysore Service. Demy 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d. THE ROD IN INDIA. Being Hints how to obtain Sport, with Remarks on the Natural History of Fish and their Culture. By H. S. Thomas, F.L.S. Third Edition, Revised. With numerous Illustrations. Demy 8vo, cloth, 15^. USEFUL HINTS TO YOUNG SHIKARIS ON THE GUN AND RIFLE. By "The Little Old Bear." Crown 8vo. Second Edition.

THE SPORTSMAN'S MANUAL IN QUEST OF GAME IN KULLU, LAHOUL, AND LADAK, TO THE TSO MORARI LAKES. With 9 Maps. By Lieut.-Col. R. H. Tyacke, late H.M.'s 98th and 34th Regiments. Fcap. 8vo, 6s.

THACKER, SPINK & CO., Calcutta and Simla. W. THACKER & CO., 2 Creed Lane, London.

Messrs. Wm. BLACKWOOD & SON'S SELECTED PUBLICATIONS. IN INDIA. By G. W. Steevens, Author of 'With Kitchener to Khartum,' 1 With the Conquering Turk,' ' The Land of the Dollar,' ' Egypt in 1898,' &c, &c. With a Map. Second Edition. Crown 8vo, 6s. WITH KITCHENER TO KHARTUM. By the same Author. With 8 Maps and Plans. Nineteenth Edition. Crown 8vo, 6s. A LIFE ON THE OCEAN WAVE. By Vice-Admiral Sir William Kennedy, K.C.B., Author of ' Sport, Travel, and Adventure in Newfoundland and the West Indies.' With Illustrations from Sketches by the Author. In 1 vol. demy 8vo. PERIODS OF EUROPEAN LITERATURE. A Continuous and Comparative History. Edited by Professor Saintsbury. THE FLOURISHING OF ROMANCE AND THE RISE OF ALLEGORY. (12th and 13th Centuries.) By the Editor. Crown 8vo, 5s. net. THE THE THE *** LATER RENAISSANCE. By David Hannay. Crown 8vo, 5*. net. FOURTEENTH CENTURY. By F. J. Snell. Crown 8vo, p. net. AUGUSTAN AGES. By Oliver Elton. Crown 8vo, 5*. net. Other Volumes in Preparation.

MODERN ENGLISH WRITERS. In handy crown %vo volumes, price is. 6d. each. MATTHEW ARNOLD. By Prof. Saintsbury. | R.L.STEVENSON. By L. Cope Cornford.

%* Other Volumes in Preparation. THE JUBILEE BOOK OF CRICKET. By Prince Ranjitsinhji Edition de Luxe. Signed by Prince Ranjitsinhji. Price £5 $s. net. Fine Paper Edition. With Photogravure Frontispiece and 106 full-page Plates. 25^. net. Popular Edition. With 107 full-page Illustrations. Sixth Edition. Large crown 8vo, 6s. THE INVASION OF THE CRIMEA: Its Origin, and an Account of its Progress down to the Death of Lord Raglan. By A. W. Kinglake. Adapted for Military Students. Revised by Lieut.-Colonel Sir George Sydenham Clarke, K.C.M.G., R.E. Demy 8vo, 15*. net. REFERENCE ATLAS, containing 63 Maps and Plans. Folio, bound in cloth, gs. net. HISTORY OF INDIA : From the Earliest Period to the present time. By John Clarke Marshman, C.S.I. Third and Cheaper Edition. Post 8vo, with Map, 6s. THE ARABIAN HORSE: His Country and People. By Major --General W. Tweedie, C.S.I., Bengal Staff Corps ; for many years H.B.M.'s Consul-Gen eral, Baghdad, and Political Resident for the Government of India in Turkish Arabia. In one vol. royal 4to, with Seven Coloured Plates and other Illustrations, and a Map of the Country. Price ,£3 3s. net. WORKS OF GEORGE ELIOT. (Standard Edition.) 21 yplumes, crown 8vo. In buckram cloth, gilt top, 2s. 6d. per vol. ; or in roxburghe binding, 3s. 6d. per vol. NOVELS BY GEORGE ELIOT. (New Cheap Edition.) Printed on fine laid paper, and uniformly bound. Adam Bede. 3$. 6d. — The Mill on the Floss. 3s. 6d. — Scenes of Clerical Life. 3s. — Silas Marner. 2S. 6d. — Felix Holt. 3s. 6d. — Romola. 3$. 6d. — Middlemarch. 7-y. 6d. — Daniel Deronda. 7s. 6d. GEORGE ELIOT S LIFE. New Edition. Crown 8vo, 7s. 6d. POCKET EDITIONS. In 3 vols., pott 8vo, 3s. net; leather, 4s. 6d. net.

SCENES OF CLERICAL LIFE. I ADAM BEDE. (People's Edition, 6d.) (People's Edition, 6d.) NEW ILLUSTRATED EDITIONS. SCENES OF CLERICAL LIFE. Illustrated I SILAS MARNER. Illustrated by R. Birch. by H. R. Millar. Crown 8vo, 2s. 6d. | , Crown 8vo, 5$.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD & SONS, EDINBURGH AND LONDON.

INDIA N HISTORY FOR THE P EOPLE. "RULERS OF INDIA" A Series of Political Biographies, presenting the Epoch-making Periods of Indian History. Edited by Sir W. W. HUNTER, K.C.S.I., M.A., LL.D. VOLUMES NOW READY. Crown Svo. 2s. 6d. each.

THE MARQUESS OF DALHOUSIE : and the Final Development of the Company's Rule. By Sir William Wilson Hunter, K.C.S.I., M.A., LL.D. BABAR : Founder of the Mughal Empire. By Stanley Lane-Poole, M.A. AKBAR : and the Rise of the Mughal Empire. By Colonel Malleson, C.S.I. DTJPLEIX : and the Struggle for India by the European Nations. By Colonel Malleson,

C.S.I. WARREN HASTINGS : and the Founding of the British Administration. By Captain L. J. Trotter. MADHAVA RAO SINDHIA : and the Hindu Reconquest of India. By H. G. Keene, Esq., M.A., CLE. THE MARQUESS OF CORNWALLIS: and the Consolidation of British Rule. By W.S.SetonKarr, Esq. MOUNTSTTJART ELPHINSTONE : and the Making of South- Western India. By J. S. Cotton, Esq., M.A. THE MARQUESS OF HASTINGS: and the Final Overthrow of the Maratha Power. By Major Ross of Bladensburg, C.B. AURANGZIB : and the Decay of the Mughal Empire. By Stanley Lane-Poole, M.A. RANJIT SINGH : and the Sikh Barrier between our Growing Empire and Central Asia. By Sir Lepel Griffin, K.C.S.I. HAIDAR ALI AND TIPU SULTAN : and the Struggle with the Muhammadan Powers of the South. By Lewin Bentham Bowring, C.S.I. THE MARQUESS WELLESLEY: and the Development of the Company into the Supreme Power of India. By the Rev. W. H. Hutton, M.A. THE EARL OF MAYO : and the Consolidation of the Queen's Rule in India. By Sir William Wilson Hunter, K.C.S.I., M.A., LL.D.

VISCOUNT HARDINGE ; and the Advance of

tie British Dominions into the Punjab. By his son and Private Secretary, the Right Hon. Viscount Hardinge. LORD WILLIAM BENTINCK : and the Company as a Governing and Non-Trading Power. By Demetrius Boulger. CLYDE AND STRATHNAIRN : and the Suppression of the Great Eevolt. By MajorGeneral Sir Owen Tudor Burne, K.C.S.I. EARL CANNING : and the Transfer of India from the Company to the Crown. By Sir Henry S. Cunningham, K.C.I.E., M.A. ALBUQUERQUE : and the Early Portuguese Settlements in Didia. By H. Morse Stephens, Esq., M.A. LORD LAWRENCE : and the Reconstruction of India under the Crown. By Sir Charles Aitchison, K.C.S.I. EARL OF AUCKLAND : and the First Afghan War. By Captain L. J. Trotter. LORD CLIVE : and the Establishment of the English in India. By Colonel Malleson, C.S.I. SIR THOMAS MUNRO : and the British Settlement of Southern India. By John Bradshaw, M.A., LL.D. EARL AMHERST,: and the British Advance Eastwards to Burma. By Anne Thackeray Ritchie and Richardson Evans. JOHN RUSSELL COLVIN : the last LieutenantGovernor of the North- West under the Company. By Sir Auckland Colvin, K.C.S.I. Supplementary Volumes, price 3s. 6d. each. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INDIAN PEOPLES.*^ By Sir W. W. Hunter, K.C.S.I. Eighty-fourth Thousand. JAMES THOMASON. By Sir Richard Temple,

Bart. SIR HENRY LAWRENCE, THE PACIFICATOR. By Lieut.-General J. J. McLeod Innes, R.E., V.C.

Sir MONTSTUART E. GRANT DUFF on the Series— "The delegates of the University Press exercised a wise discretion in selecting Sir William Hunter to be the editor of their ' Rulers of India ' Series. It may be said that he is far the greatest master who ever lived of those Indian facts which the Indian administrator ought to have present to his mind. He has, too, a remarkable literary faculty, a power of marshalling his facts in a manner to make them attract and retain the attention of the reader."

London : Henry Frowde, Clarendon Press Warehouse, Amen Corner, E.C.

W. & A. K. JOHNSTON'S MORE IMPORTANT ATLASES. THE ROYAL ATLAS OF MODERN GEOGRAPHY. 1900 Edition, containing Fifty-seven Maps and Indexes to 185,000 places. Imperial Folio, half-bound Russia or Morocco, price £6 6s. THE HANDY ROYAL ATLAS OF MODERN GEOGRAPHY. New Edition, containing Fifty-two Maps and complete Index to 74,000 places. Imperial 4to, half-bound Morocco, price £2 12s. 6d. THE WORLD-WIDE ATLAS, a wonderful production, containing 128 Plates of Maps, Plans of Cities, etc. Two Frontispieces. Introduction, and complete Index to 60,000 places. Royal 4to, handsomely bound in cloth, price 7.?. 6d. Half-bound Morocco, 12J. 6d. THE UNRIVALLED ATLAS, 22nd Edition, containing Forty full-coloured Maps, Indexes, etc. Full-bound cloth, price 3s. 6d. 200,000 Copies of this Atlas have now been sold.

THE MULTUM IN PARVO ATLAS OF THE WORLD, containing Ninety-six full-coloured Maps. Political, Physical, etc. Useful Statistics and Index. The Best and Cheapest of Miniature Atlases. Crown i6mo, full-bound cloth, price 2s. 6d. AN ATLAS OF INDIA. Containing Sixteen Coloured Plates of Maps and Plans of Cities. Size, 14 by 12 inches. With Historical and Statistical Letterpress by Sir W. W. Hunter, K.C.S.I., and a Complete Index of Names. Size, 12 by 8£ inches, full-bound cloth, price -js. 6d. Handsomely half-bound Morocco, price 14.?. Complete Catalogue of Atlases, Maps, Wall Illustrations, Globes, etc. , post free on application.

W & A V TOMNSTON Geographers to the Queen, VV. 00 A. IV. dUniNOlUlN, Educational and General Publishers Established 1825. EDINA WORKS, EASTER ROAD, and 20 SOUTH ST. ANDREW STREET, EDINBURGH ; 5 WHITE HART STREET, WARWICK LANE, LONDON, E.C.

THE ROYAL NAVY FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE PRESENT. By WILLIAM LAIRD CLOWES. Illustrated by Photogravure Portraits, Maps, Plans, and Pictures taken from contemporary and authentic sources. Each Volume is complete inj itself, with an Index, and orders are taken either for sets or separate Volumes. Vols. I. to IV., royal 8vo, 25*. each net. The Times, in reviewing Vol. IV., said—" ' The Royal Navy ' abundantly fulfils its promise. It is an admirable and indispensable work." "A worthy memorial of our naval history. . . . Will take high rank among the literary achieve-

ments of the Victorian era. A work that must now be regarded as indispensable to serious students of English history." — Daily Chronicle. *** The Publishers have decided to issue a Sixth Volume, as it was found impossible to complete the work as originally arranged in five volumes. It is hoped that Vol. V. will be ready shortly, and a final volume in April 1900.

LONDON : SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & CO., Ltd., St. Dunstan's House, Fetter Lane, Fleet Street, E.C.

JOHN DICKINSON & CO., LIMITED, paper /iBanufacturers, MILLS:— CROXLEY, APSLEY, NASH, HOME PARK, HERTS. BRANCHES:— MANCHESTER, BIRMINGHAM, BRISTOL, GLASGOW, BELFAST, CALCUTTA, BOMBAY, MADRAS, RANGOON, NEW YORK, CAPE TOWN, JOHANNESBURG, SYDNEY, CHRISTCHURCH, N.Z. Telegraphic Address: " COMMILES," LONDON. A. B.C. Code (4th Edition) used.

U

LION" BRAND

PRINTING PAPERS, SUPER CALENDERED PAPERS, "CROXLEY SPECIAL" AND "OCEANA" WRITINGS, "LION LEDGER" AND "LION" HAND-MADE ACCOUNT

BOOK PAPERS, "CROXLEY MANIFEST" AND "LION EXTRA STRONG" BANKS

RAJ. & GOVT. STAMP PAPERS WITH SPECIAL WATERMARKS. HUNDI, LOANS, CHEQUE PAPERS, ETC.

DICKINSON'S "ART PAPER" (REGISTERED TITLE) FOR ALL CLASSES OF ILLUSTRATED WORK. COATED PAPERS AND BOARDS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS.

BLOTTINGS, including "Asoka" Brand. Tinteds, Cartridges, Browns, etc.

ENVELOPES, CARDS, & CARDBOARDS RAILWAY TICKETS, NOTE PAPERS, BOXED STATIONERY AND ACCOUNT BOOKS.

SAMPLES ON APPLICATION TO 65 OLD BAILEY, LONDON, E.C. 7 HEW CHINA BAZAR STREET, CALCUTTA; OR, 12 BANK STREET, BOMBAY.

A SELECTION FROM THE LIST OF ORIENTAL TEXT BOOKS, DICTIONARIES, ETC.

HINDUSTANI. Forbes's Hindustani -English. Dictionary in the Persian Character, with the Hindi words in Nagari also : and an English-Hindustani Dictionary in the English character. By Duncan Forbes, LL.D. Royal 8vo, 42s. Forbes's Hindustani-English Dictionary, in the English Character. Royal 8vo, 36.J. Forbes's Smaller Dictionary, Hindustani and English, in the English Character. 4.2s. Forbes's Hindustani Grammar, with specimens of Writing in the Persian and Nagari Characters, Reading Lessons, and Vocabulary. 8vo, 10s. 6d. Platts's Hindustani Grammar. By John T. Platts. 8vo, lis. Platts's Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi and English. Imp. 8vo, £3 3*. Forbes's Bagh o Bahar, Persian Character, with Vocabulary. Royal 8vo, 12s. 6d. PERSIAN. Complete English-Persian Dictionary. Compiled from Original Sources. By A. N. Wollaston, C.I.E., H.M. Indian (Home) Civil Service. Royal 410, £1 us. 6d. (formerly £4. 14s. 6d.). A Comprehensive Persian -English Dictionary, comprising such Arabic words and phrases as occur in Persian literature. Being Johnson's Richardson's Persian, Arabic and English Dictionary revised and enlarged. By F. Steingass, Ph.D. Imp. 8vo, ^3 3 s. net. Forbes's Persian Grammar, Reading Lessons, and Vocabulary. Royal 8vo, 1 2s. 6d. Platts's Gulistan. With Vocabulary. A new Edition, thoroughly revised and corrected. Royal 8vo, 12s. 6d. Platts's Gulistan. Translated from a revised Text, with Copious Notes and a Life of the Poet. 8vo, 12s. 6d.

ARABIC. Forbes's Arabic Grammar, more especially for the use .of students preparing for the Indian Civil Services, and self-instruction of students in general. Royal 8vo, iSs. Palmer's Arabic Grammar, on the principles of the best Native Grammarians. 8vo, iSs. Steingass' Student's Arabic -English Dictionary. 8vo, 50?. Steingass' Student's English-Arabic Dictionary. 8vo, 28s.

A Practical Course of Turkish Study. By the Rev. Anton Tien, Ph.D., M.R.A.S., Professor of Turkish at the Imperial Institute. Crown 8vo, cloth, 16s. V* A Complete Catalogue of Books in Oriental Languages forwarded on application.

LONDON : SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & CO., Ltd. St. Dunstan's House, Fetter Lane, Fleet Street E.C.

Oriental manuals Bikkers, Dr. A. J. W. Malay, Achinese, French, and English Vocabulary, etc. Fcap., 7*. 6d. Birdwood, Alan R. An Arabic Reading-Book. Fcap., 5.?. Clarke, Lieut.-Col. H. W., R.E. The Persian Manual. Vocabulary of Useful Words, English and Persian. i8mo, 7-r. 6d. Davidson, Lieut. F. A. L. Anglicized Colloquial Burmese ; or, How to Speak the Language in Three Months. Fcap. , 3^. 6d. Douglas, Robert vK. A Chinese Manual, comprising Grammar, with Idiomatic PhrasesVnd Dialogues. Fcap., 10s. 6d. Forbes's Hindustani Manual. Dialogues and Vocabulary, in the Roma, Character. New Edition, entirely revised. By J. T. Platts. i8mo, 3*. 6d.

G-ough, A. E. Key to the Exercises in Williams's Sanskrit Manual. i8mo, 4?. Mackenzie, Captain C. F. A Turkish Manual. Exercises and Dialogues and Vocabulary. Fcap. , 6s. Nicholl, Prof. G. F. Bengali Manual. Specimens of current Handwriting, etc., and a short Asamese Grammar. Fcap., 7*. 6d. Palmer, Prof. E. H., M.A. The Arabic Manual. Reading Lessons and Exercises, with Analyses and a Vocabulary of Useful Words. Fcap., Js. 6d. Pincott, Frederic, M.R.A.S. The Hindi Manual. Exercises in various styles of Hindi Composition ; Dialogues on several subjects ; and a Complete Vocabulary. Fcap., 6s. Portman, M. V., M.R.A.S. A Manual of the Andamanese Languages. i8mo, io.y. 6d. Raverty, Major H. G. The Pus'hto Manual. Familiar Phrases, Proverbs, and Vocabulary. Fcap., $s. Robertson, F. E. An Arabic Vocabulary for Egypt. The Arabic by LOtfi YtissEF Ayrut. Fcap. 8vo, cloth, y. (15 piastres). Rogers, E. H. How to Speak Hindustani ; being an easy guide to conversation in that Language. Designed for the use of soldiers and others proceeding to India. New edition. Fcap. 8vo, paper, is. Tien, Rev. Anton. Egyptian, Syrian, and North African Handbook. A Simple Phrase- Book in English and Arabic, for the use of the British Forces, Civilians, and Residents in Egypt. Fcap., 45-. Manual of Colloquial Arabic. Comprising Practical Rules for Learning the Language, Vocabulary, Dialogues, Letters and Idioms, etc., in English and Arabic. Fcap., js. 6d. Neo-Hellenic Manual. Comprising Practical Rules for Learning the Language, Vocabulary, Dialogues, Letters, Idioms, etc. Fcap., $s. Williams, Monier. Sanskrit Manual. To which is added a Vocabulary by A. E. Gough. i8mo, Js. 6d. *** A Complete Catalogue seat post free 6a application.

LONDON : SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & CO., Ltd. St. Dunstan's House, Fetter Lane, Fleet Street, E.C.

Jggtablisbefr 1809, WM. DAWSON & SONS, LTD. Booksellers, Newsvendors, Stationers, and Advertising Agents, "CANNON HOUSE," BREAM'S BUILDINGS, LONDON, E.C. Newsvendors, and Advertising Agents to Her Majesty's Government Offices. English and Foreign Newspapers, Magazines, and Periodicals, are regularlydelivered in London, and punctually dispatched by first Mails after publication, to any address in the United Kingdom or Abroad.

Send for Wm. Dawson & Sons 9 , Ltd., New List of Annual Subscriptions.

The following are a few selected Annual Subscriptions (including postage), payable in advance, to Illustrated Weekly Newspapers, and Monthly Magazines, mostly in demand at Home and Abroad.

Rates Colonial Great NEWSPAPERS. gJS* Foreign MAGAZINES. **$* Britain. Rates. Abroad. £ s. d. £ s. d. ; £ s. d. Badminton Magazine . . . . 15 o

1 10 10 — 1 15 3 . and Xmas No. . . 1 13 o English Illustrated Magazine . and Summer and Christmas Nos 10 6 Review of Reviews . and . . 76 Harper's Magazine . .Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine . . . . 96 Fortnightly Review . 19 6 Contemporary Review . . . . . and Christmas No 196 — 1 14 o Country Life . . and Summer and Christmas Nos 10 6 Windsor Magazine. Summer and Christmas Nos. . . . 15 o Idler 15 6 Nineteenth Century 1 13 6 Pall Mall Magazine 16 o Pearson's Magazine. . . . . in 6 — 2 010 Graphic. 9 9 Black and White.182 — 1 16 10 Gentlewoman. . and Christmas No. . . . .96 Royal Magazine 76 Scribner's Magazine 15 o Strand Magazine.' Summer and Christmas Nos 10 o Wide World Magazine. . 1 13 6 Harmsworth's Magazine . . .

etc. and Christmas No 196 — 1 16 1 Ladies' Field.. asfr^gSjs&amp. EXETER. 1 10 6 — 296 Lady's Pictorial. . 1 10 10 — 1 15 3 Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News. EMPRESS OF INDIA. 1 8 2 — 117 4 Punch. . W. 23 NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE. SAFES. &amp. Lock.. in weekly parts 256 — 256 Illustrated London News. Safe. E. ORIGINAL MAKERS OF . AND LEICESTER..a INDIA STATE RAILWAYS.O. and Strong Room Manufacturers. and Summer &amp. HART &amp.Graphic (Daily).C. HOBBS. . and Christmas No 1 11 2 — 1 17 8 Navy and Army Illustrated . CO. and Four Supplements .196 — 228 BRANCH OFFICES: LONDON: 121 GANNON STREET. . and AT CARDIFF. and Christmas No. My Special appointment TO %* THE BANK OF ENGLAND HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN ||Njpl!? AND ITS BENCHES. Christmas Nos. LTD. and Christmas No.. . 16 o — 16 o Queen 189 — 1156 Sketch.

SEAMLESS STEEL BENT BODY SAFES TO MEET ALL RISKS. LONDON. Price Lists with Illustrations on Application. General Offices and Works : ARLINGTON ST„ LONDON. ESTIMATES AND SPECIFICATIONS FREE. AND ALL PURPOSES WHERE SECURITY IS REQUIRED. . N. LOCKS FOR PALACES. HOTELS. Show Rooms : 76 CHEAPSIDE. RAILWAYS.C. E. AND DOMESTIC PURPOSES. CABINET FURNITURE. A SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION FOR DIAMOND MERCHANTS. JEWELLERS.

Bandstands. CALCUTTA EXHIBITION. BRACKETS. Stairs. Gates.Agent in CALCUTTA: W. AND GENERAL IRONFOUNDERS. ELECTRIC LIGHT PILLARS.. POSSILPARK. Conservatories. Balconies. LESLIE &amp. CONTRACTORS BY APPOINTMENT TO HER MAJESTY'S WAR DEPARTMENT. Illustrated Catalogues of Patent Sanitary Appliances for Natives of India on Application. CO. Spray and Drinking Fountains. Verandahs. SANITARY. Co. CARRIERS. WALTER MACFARLANE &amp. SARACEN FOUNDRY. 2 Chowringhee Road. AND WIREWAYS. Stable Fittings. ARCHITECTURAL. ORNAMENTAL CONSTRUCTIVE WORK OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. Railings. Arcades. Ornamental Roofing. Covered Ways. GLASGOW. TWO GOLD MEDALS. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA A GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF THE RULING . Brackets.. Pavilions. Columns.

I. LONDON SAMPSON LOW.E. MARSTON &amp. AND OTHER PERSONAGES. CHIEFS. NOBLES.PRINCES. COMPANY LIMITED flnbltsbtrs to % |nbta @ffi¬´ / 1900 # BY SPECIAL PERMISSION DEDICATED TO HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY Victoria QUEEN EMPRESS OF INDIA 258460 . K. OF THE INDIAN EMPIRE WITH AN APPENDIX FOR CEYLON BY Sir ROPER LETHBRIDGE. TITLED OR DECORATED.C.

The Editor has received the most kind and valuable assistance from all those Indian officials who have charge of matters relating to Dignities and Titles . charged with the duty — a very necessary duty from the point of view alike of expediency and of national dignity — of recording and certifying national honours and titles. of regulating their conferment. and of controlling their devolution where hereditary. either by grant from Government. there has naturally been little uniformity in method or scale. for among those who have sent information regarding themselves and their families.INTRODUCTION 1. Some of the difficulty has been due to its novelty . naturally and properly directs so much of this business of State as cannot by any possibility be shirked. and must ere long receive the attention of the Government of India. The Foreign Department of the Government of India. or to any statement in it. Noblemen. Indian titles are officially defined to be. i e. being that Department which has charge of the relations of the Paramount Power with the Feudatory States and their Rulers. or Chancery. and Gentlemen whose names are included herein. but he is alone responsible for the contents of TJie Golden Book of India. Much of the information has been derived from the Princes.— Sources of Information. This difficulty will. it is anticipated. But the question of the very necessary establishment of a Heralds' College. has only once (in 1877) been seriously faced — and then its solution was postponed. The task of compiling this much-needed work has been of far greater difficulty than was expected. a new creation by Her Imperial . No official authority whatever attaches to this work. The results of this neglect are already deplorable. College. But the chief difficulty has been owing to the fact that India stands alone among civilized nations in possessing no special Department. soon disappear. or a Chancery of Dignities.

and not uncommonly using. in a plain and straightforward manner. In equal uncertainty is left. and more is likely to arise. would undoubtedly be hailed with pleasure in India by princes and people alike. true that the Foreign Department possesses a mass of more or less confidential information. and devices that are borne. or "by descent. the notice of Government. there is endless confusion in the banners. Much confusion has already arisen from this." The Government alone can be the judge of the validity of claims. either by the custom of the country or by personal assumption. there seems to be no public authority or accessible record for any of the ordinary Indian titles. or pressed upon. or by well-established usage. And it is clear that this Royal Prerogative. in many cases. there are at this moment some hundreds of families possessing. when such questions are submitted to. Tod's learned work on The Annals of Edjdsthdn 1 taught us long ago that badges and family emblems were as characteristic of Rajput chivalry as of the feudalism of Europe — appealing to similar sentiments. in the case of titles acquired by " descent " or by " well-established usage. title* derived from extinct dynasties or from common viii INTRODUCTION repute. sometimes justly. too. to be properly used. In the Lower Provinces of Bengal alone. or for the genealogy of the families holding hereditary titles. and similarly useful for historical and genealogical purposes. are in this way placed in a false and invidious position. ought to be exercised openly and publicly through the medium of a regular College or Chancery. It is. as also that of the Nobles of Feudatory States. yet not hitherto recognized formally by the British Government . To this day hundreds of Chiefs and country gentlemen in Rajputana. and thoroughly efficient machinery. the subjects of ruling and mediatized princes. for deciding all questions of the kind. Then. . The State regulation of all these matters.Majesty the Queen Empress through her representative . but more frequently perhaps unjustly. badges. But when that is not the case. by various families and individuals. and these. of course. the position of the descendants of ancient Indian royal and noble families . and of their relative strength.

But there seems to be no authority by whom the use of such emblems is directed or controlled . to decline to insert the particulars of any titles that have not been more or less formally recognized by the Government of India. . The Iculcha. or device on seal and for signature. For instance. except in about half-adozen very special cases. in the heraldry of the East. have long been and still are familiar in India. and indeed (from the historical and genealogical point of view) usefully. ." Figures of Hanumdn (the Monkey God). in connection with its Political Department — or. It is hoped that the publication of this work may have some influence in inducing the Government of India to establish that very necessary institution. in the case of the Raikat of i Colonel Tod says: — " The martial Rajpoots are not strangers to armorial bearings.in Central India. and many other hereditary devices and emblems. where there could not by any possibility be any doubt of the authenticity of the claims. the Editor has felt constrained. very reluctantly in many cases. of the lions. the Gangetic dolphin of Darbhanga. the red oriflamme of the "Sun of the Hindus" (the Maharana of Udaipur). Thus every petty Thakur (as well as Chiefs of higher degree). to petition Her Majesty to attach a duly-constituted Indian Department to the College of Arms in London under the Garter King of Arms. use their ancestral devices in their seals or accompanying their signature. take the place. the falcon of Marwar. with the silver quatrefoils. and of the Sacred Garur or Eagle. in Kathiawar. a Heralds' College or Chanceiy of Dignities. who can trace his descent from the proud Chauhan clan of Rajputs that gave the last Hindu Emperors to Delhi and Ajmir. called the "Chakra. the white and green stripes of the late Sir Salar Jang. still claims his ancestral right to the Chauhan santak. be raised from the fees and duties to be derived from the extended use of armorial bearings. . and in many other parts. . on the green flag of the Nizam. perhaps better. In the existing circumstances — it may be hoped only temporarily existing — described above. from Oudh iu the East to the Western Sea. nor has the Government of India ever had the prudence to avail itself of the rich store of revenue that might easily. of the Sacred Peacock. and the fleur-de-lys of the more elaborate and artificial coat-armour of the West. the leopards. or "lucky chapdti" (biscuit).

though there is some reason to doubt whether it appears in any official list. And so.' — Annals of Rdjdsthdn. In the Mahabharat. twelve hundred years before Christ. it has been determined that. the title appears to be unique iu India — and there can be no doubt whatever that it has been borne by something like twenty generations of hereditary kinsmen of the Rajas of Kuch Behar . vol. In Europe these customs were not introduced till the period of the Crusades. 123. while the use of them amongst the Rajpoot tribes can be traced to a period anterior to the war of Troy. Bengal. or Great War. the origin of all devices. pp. at least for the earlier editions of The Golden Book — which in many respects must necessarily have something of the nature of an experiment — the arrangement of the work shall be simply alphabetical. The lion rampant on an argent field is extinct with the State of Chanderi. in the district of Jalpaiguri. These emblems had a religious reference amongst the Hindus. INTRODUCTION ix Baikanthpur. distinguishing between Ruling Princes on the one hand. Amber idisplays the panchranga. the banner of Arjoona. In future editions it is possible j that the volume may be divided into separate parts. some account of this singularly interesting title has been inserted. its field adorned with the figure of the Indian Hanumdn. 124. too. and Dignitaries and Titled Personages of . i. and were taken from their mythology.The great banner of Mewar exhibits a golden Sun on a crimson field . After much thought and deliberation.— Method of Arrangement. and were copied from the Saracens . with a few well-known courtesy titles (see § 8 of this Introduction). 2. those of the chiefs bear a Dagger. or five-coloured flag. we find the hero Bheesma exulting over his trophy.

and any attempt further closely to define j precedence would be an invidious as well as unnecessary task. 1 strange as this may seem. as the next section of this Introduction will show. Rajas.British India on the other — or possibly distinguishing between Territorial f Titles and others. But the difficulties of classification would be exceedingly \ great in a large number of cases. their comparative position and importance may also be . for. even the most careful and accurate classification would. And. For instance. there is at : present no strict gradation of titles — and of some titles the relative values. and Nawabs of British India occupy a position very similar to that of the British Peerage at home . for practical purposes. after all. while the holders of the lower titles may be compared with our Knights Bachelors. and any attempt in that direction would I certainly greatly delay the appearance of the work. are different in different parts of India. Among the ruling chiefs. In India itself. the relative social importance of the various Dignitaries \ included in this work is well known. For European readers it may perhaps be sufficient to give very rough and I general analogies from the European system. The hereditary Maharajas. be of very ! little use . the relative posij tion of such potentates as the Nizam of the Deccan or the Maharaja of Mysore to the Indian Empire may not unfitly be compared with that of the King of Saxony to the German Empire. and the Knights and Companions of the Military Orders.

has the English title of "Prince of Arcot.— Indian Titles : General. In the list of one hundred and ninety-six titles mentioned above (which is . Baluch. The majority of these titles are Hindu (derived chiefly from the Sanskrit language). The Burmese titles. " The title of Prince is also x INTRODUCTION often given by courtesy as the English rendering of the title of "Shahzada.. are few in number . Afghan. estimated by observing the area and population of their respective States. 3." conferred by Her Majesty the Empress on certain descendants of the Tippu dynasty of Mysore. as compared with the smaller Kingdoms and Principalities of Central Europe. etc. while still fewer are Arakanese (or Magh). And it is of course exclusive of the Military Orders of Knighthood. such as Gaekwdr. ffolkar." called also " Amir-i. or Muhammadan (derived chiefly from the Persian). often applied (as lately in Manipur) to the heir to the Raj. the dynastic name of the Maharajas of Baroda . Two distinguished Parsi families have received the English title of Baronet . while one Madras family. Sindhia. of the old kings of Oudh. Thibetan. that of the Maharajas of Gwalior . others have been recognized by Her Majesty as hereditary. and of former Amirs of Afghanistan. Some Indian titles are personal . the descendants of the old Nawabs of the Carnatic. A list of one hundred and ninety-six different titles known to the Government of India has been compiled in the Indian Foreign Office. Nor does it include such titles as that of Yuvardj or Jubardj (Youthful Raja).Arcot. that of the Maharajas of Indore. It is intended in this work to distinguish those which are hereditary from those which are personal. Somali. for it does not include many dynastic appellations which have come to be regarded in the light of titles. Even this long list can hardly be regarded as exhaustive. though lengthy.

as Lokendra (" Protector of the World") borne by the Chiefs of Dholpur and Datia.given below in section 11 of this Introduction. and Fath Jang. Raikwdr. etc. Thdkur is also a frequently-used Hindu title. Rdwal. the prefix Mahd ("Great"). To these is added. The normal or typical title of Chiefs or Nobles of Hindu descent is Edjd (in the feminine Rdni). and in forms of courteous address with that of Saheb." Saheb is a somewhat similar affix." "Earl. Rdwat. Mahdrao. and is very commonly used as a courteous form of address . usually with the honorific suffix of BaMdur. Rao. Mahdrdj-Rdnd. Mahdrdna. Some of the latter are Rdnd. but they are common to Hindus and Muhammadans. much like the English " Esquire. Raikat. Some important feudatory Chiefs bear no other title. — Indian Titles : Ruling Chiefs. The title of . such are Mahdrdjd. and is placed at the end of the name. Raikbdr. Rai." etc. as in Mahdrdjd. such are Shamsher Jang ("The Sword of War"). analogous to the English "Duke. — thus Rao Bahddur and Khdn Bahddur are titles usually of rather more consideration than Rao Saheb or Khdn Saheb. but a few are common to more than one State. Naiodb. one of the many titles borne by His Highness the Nizam of the Deccan. but it usually is of less consideration than Rdjd. Muhammadan as well as Hindu. 4. Edjd. when used as the supplement of a title it indicates a rank somewhat less than Bahddur. Titles of the latter form are generally confined to a single personage or dynasty . P The normal or typical title of a Chief or a Noble of Muhammadan descent is i Naivdb (with Begam as its feminine form) . some are specific titles. Diwdn and Sarddr are titles very similar in character to that of Thdkur ." 1 * The Hero " ) is very commonly added (as an extra honorific) to all Indian titles. with a glossary of their meanings where known). The afiix Bahadur ("Brave. to indicate excess of rank. Some are descriptive titles. . or some of its numerous kindred forms. a title borne by His Highness the Maharaja of Travancore. somewhat analogous to the "Defender of the Faith" borne by our Gracious Sovereign.

it is therefore a suitable title for the first mediatized prince under the Indian Empire. to some descendants of former Amirs of Kabul. is one of the highest dignity. \ Mirza. Holkar and Sindhia are rather of the nature of dynastic names than of titles . Khdn. and can hardly be translated by any European title less august than "king". due sometimes to differences of language. and all these three are relics of the Mahratta Empire J Among the exceptional titles due to difference of language may be noticed that of Jam. charged with the absolute rule over an area more than INTRODUCTION xi twice as large as that of Bavaria and Saxony combined. having been originally a caste name . Other Muhammadan titles — sometimes equivalent in consideration to Nawdb. Sultdn. an outlying Himalayan principality in the Punjab. ness's ancestors were mediatized kings under the Emperor of Delhi. but not always — are Wall. Midn. and a population greater than that of the two kingdoms named. which is of Sindhi or Baluch origin . there are two Jams of ruling rank in Kathiawar. is known as the Nono of Spiti — " . and the GaeJcwdr (the title of one of the greatest of the Ruling Chiefs) is of a similar nature. Mir. The title. The first and greatest of all the Princes of the Empire is ^ always known as the Nizam of the Deccan — a relic of the time when His High. and sometimes of unknown origin. also Sarddr and Diwdn. Among the Ruling Chiefs there are some exceptional titles.Shdhzdda (" King's Son ") is given to some descendants of the Tippu dynasty of Mysore. sometimes to other known causes. The ruler of Spiti. Amir. and to some descendants of the old Kings of Oudh. and one in Baluchistan. though implying in itself fealty to an Imperial authority. which are common to Hindus and Muhammadans.

it is conferred. the Viceroy. as. Some of the heads of Hindu religious bodies are hereditary feudal chiefs . an additional step or grade in each rank is made by the custom. — Titles Recognized. when a Thdkur Saheb has been "authorized to use the higher title of Mahdrdjd Bahddur. not by a change in the ancient title of chiefship." The Maharaja of Puducotta is known as "the Tondiman". Thus. which is subordinate to the Bombay Government. Her Majesty has. and some other Madras Rajas are called "the Valiya Raja. which is of Somali origin . and their title is Mediant. The descendants of the ancient chiefs of Sind are called Mirs . In British India there is now a well-established order and gradation of nobility . just as similar creations and promotions are made in England." Some of the Madras Chiefs have peculiar titles of local origin. the Chief of Afghanistan is called Amir. some of the chiefs bear the title of Girad." Nine Feudatories (eight in the Bombay Presidency and one at Muscat in Arabia) bear the title of Sultdn. In the higher ranks of this nobility. though recognized by the British Government. But. or most of the titles mentioned above. One of the Assamese Rajas is known as " the Bohmong " . in a few very special cases. but by appointment to one or other of the classes of the orders of the Star of India or the Indian Empire — by the addition of descriptive titles — by an increase in the number of guns authorized for the salute. The Chief of Kalat in Baluchistan is both a Mir and a Wali. generally speaking. Amir. of . for instance. the Maharaja of Calicut bears the historic title of "theZamorin" — probably a local corruption of the Malayalam Samundri. In the Aden territory. authorized a change of title among the Feudatories . in which creations and promotions are made by Her Gracious Majesty's representative. or "sea-king. and Regularly Conferred by Her Majesty through the government of india. unknown as yet in England. another simply as "the Mong Raja. and has been created (like the Amir of Afghanistan) a Grand Commander of the Star of India. others are known by the Arabic titles of Sultdn.Nono " being a Thibetan form. 5. have come down to us from earlier times. such increase being usually a personal one — or by the conferment of Honorary military rank in the Imperial army. All. and Shaikh. when it is wished to confer honour on a ruling prince.

with or without the affix of Saheb. Above this rank is the title of Mdjd (with the feminine Mdni) for Hindus. and Khan Bahadur for Muhammadans and Parsis . or (in two cases) by a British Baronetcy. according to circumstance. But no rank below that of Raja for Hindus. or in any other way. or Nawab for Muhammadans. and Khdn for Muhammadans. xii INTRODUCTION by their munificence. are very commonly ex officio titles.. or of a Mahdrdjd Bahddur. Mai Bahadur is commonly used as the Hindu title in the Bengal Presidency. But where they have attained to higher rank than Khdn Bahddur. are the first or least considerable titles. It is one of the many anomalies of the Indian system as at present existing. for Hindus.making the creation or promotion in some cases personal. have distinguished themselves. . and this rank seems exactly analogous to that of Knight Bachelor in England. then. it has been indicated by appointment to one of the Military Orders. Next higher is a Mdjd Baliddur. and this may be hereditary or personal — a remark which applies to all the higher ranks. is the title of Maharaja. that there do not seem to be any Muhammadan analogies to these last two highest Hindu titles. in the aristocracy of British India. The ordinary sequence of rank. Indian gentlemen who. Mao Bahadur as that in the west and south of India. or by the conferment of British Knighthood. These seem to be very analogous to the various steps in the . or Khdn Bahddur . held by the subordinate officers of civil departments*. These. Rao Saheb. is now created hereditary. Higher again.conferred by the British Government. so that a Nawdb Bahddur may be the equal either of a Mdjd Bahadur. Nawdb (with the feminine Begam) for Muhammadans . Parsis share with Muhammadans their lower titles. and this is the title — though it has sometimes also been made simply an ex officio title — which is usually first conferred on. which adds to the dignity. British Peerage. Rai (or Rao in Southern and Western India) for Hindus. or a Nawdb Bahddur. or Khdn Saheb comes the title Rai Bahddur. Next above Rai Saheb. in others hereditary. Rao Bahddur. by tlieir patriotism. and above that is Mahdrdjd Bahddur.

is indicated by the subjoined tables : — . Maharaja. ov Ngwegunhmu. is the title given to the sons of Nawabs. they are nearly all styled Sarddr or Sarddr Bahadur — and their sons are often styled Mian. Raja. 6. Rai (or Rao). but Mai is also frequent (and of far higher dignity than it seems to bear in some other provinces).T. Diwdn. Rai (or Rao) Saheb. Rai (or Rao) Bahadur. Khan. or Midn. But the regular Burmese titles ordinarily conferred by the British Government are these : — (1) Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min (meaning "Recipient of a Medal for Good Service"). Among the Barons of the Punjab there is a remarkable uniformity of title . as is Diwdn also. and Mao. there is the greatest diversity in the form of the territorial titles — Thdhur being the commonest title. In Oudh and in the Central Provinces. Nawab Bahadur. though this is also an independent title. The eldest son of a Maharaja or Raja is called a Maharajkumar (or Maharajkunwar). and these titles have in some cases been formally conferred by the Government. on the other hand. — Burmese Titles. Maharaja Bahadur. or other Indian titles) either of Saivbwa. and so are Mdjd. The chiefs of the Shan and other tribes on the frontiers of Burma have the titles (equivalent to Mdjd or Thdhur. in the Punjab. Nawdbzdda. indicated by the letters A. Khan Bahadur. or simply Kumar (or Kunwar) . or Rajkumar (or Rajkunwar).M. Muhammadans. Khan Saheb. Hindus. Raja Bahadur. Nawab. or Myoza. after the name — much as the .

indicated by the letters T. 7. who enjoys a title specially conferred by the Sovereign.M.Ulama for Muhammadans. 8. indicated by the letters K. INTRODUCTION xiii (3) Thuya gaung ngwe Da ya Min (meaning "Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery "). belongs as of right • only to a limited number of the Feudatory Chiefs. take rank directly after titular Rajas and Nawabs ." conferred or recognized by the Queen Empress. but it is very generally conceded. There are many titles habitually used in India — and a few have been admitted into this work — that are not substantive titles in the strictest sense of the term. — Courtesy Titles. after the name.B. The title of "His 1 Highness. Of this nature is the title of ' ' Prince " in most cases — though not in the case of the Prince of Arcot. that holders of these titles.— Titles as Rewards for Learning.Companionship of the Bath in England is indicated by the letters C. ranking equally among themselves according to date of creation.D. It remains to notice two Imperial titles of ancient origin. as a matter of courtesy. These are Mahdmahopddhydya for Hindus. but may best be described as courtesy titles. and thus the dignity is rendered somewhat analogous to the high dignity of a Privy Councillor in the United Kingdom. and to a few of the Nobles of British India. as showing a wise regard for that reverence which great erudition has always commanded in the East.M. to . as indicating exceptional distinction in learning. (2) Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min (meaning "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour "). and Shams-ul.S. that were revived on the auspicious occasion of Her Majesty's Jubilee. after the name. It is noteworthy.

In some of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. not otherwise titled. cases. fourth. the second son that of Diwdn. commonly used. In some other parts he . But in most. and the fifth and younger sons that of Bdbu. Immemorial usage throughout India has conferred well-recognized courtesy titles on the heirs-apparent of the greater titles . and sometimes (but rarely) the second son bears the title of Pothait or Pothaildo. or as holding a similar title. and younger sons. it is also &lt. the third that of Thdkur. and in Manipur and in Hill Tipperah and elsewhere. the title of Bdbu has degenerated — like the French Monsieur and the English Esquire — into a mere form of address . unless recognized by the Government of India. in addressing the responsible Ministers * of the chief Feudatory States. are | sometimes styled Raja in common parlance. There is at least one Raja whose eldest son bears the courtesy title of Kunwdr. It may here be noted that. Chota Nagpur. and the third that of Ldl. third. and with the few exceptions above noted — is any name inserted in this work as that of a Raja. the heir-apparent is styled Jubardj or Yuvardj. But there seems to be no authority for this . in common use in Bengal. the younger sons are styled Bdbu. The title of i " His Excellency " has been specially granted to one or two Chiefs .most of the Feudatory Chiefs and the greater Territorial Nobles. nor — so far as is known to the Editor. especially in Madras. the eldest son of a Raja or Thakur frequently bears the title of Tikait or Tikaildo . the fourth that of Ldl. r The owners of some great Zaminddris or estates. probably in all. In Orissa. of the greater titled personages. and in some cases on the second. and Central India. even when they have not received the title from the Sovereign. but it belongs of right only to a very limited class— and particularly to the sons. as a matter of courtesy.

— Armorial Bearings. The colloquial use of the dynastic titles of Sindhia and Holkar may be illustrated by a somewhat similar Scottish usage. and the other becomes "Holkar" the moment he succeeds to the Indore Raj — the junior members of these ruling Houses using the title as their family 9. The Editor has already pointed out. by courtesy. by which the actual Chief or Laird is colloquially known by the name of his estate." The same title is borne by the heir-apparent to His Highness the Maharaja of Cochin." It will be seen that.is called Diwdn . these receive the courtesy title of Achchhan. the interesting title of "The Eralpad. Cameron becomes " Lochiel " the moment he succeeds to the estate of that name . should be marked by special titles. . The heir-apparent to the Zamorin of Calicut bears. so one of these young Princes becomes " Sindhia " the moment he succeeds to the Gwalior Raj. Mr. but his proper courtesy title is " the El ay a Raja. The curious Marumakkatayam law of inheritance which prevails in Malabar and the extreme south of India — under which the succession is to the offspring of the female members of the family. in those parts of India. under the Marumakkatayam law. but more commonly he bears the title of Midn. The heirapparent to His Highness the Maharaja of Travancore is often called by Europeans the First Prince of Travancore . no son of a Raja can ever be seen in the line of succession . while in the Punjab the heir-apparent of a territorial Sarddr is sometimes also called Sarddr. in an earlier section of this Introduction. among whom the next eldest to b * xiv INTRODUCTION the Raja is the heir-apparent — makes it very fitting that the rank of an heirapparent.

similar to the one levied in the United Kingdom. except by a most difficult and most unusual application to the Earl Marshal of England and the Garter King of Arms in London. or all of these together." It usually consists of pieces of cloth not made up. The nazar . on behalf of Empress. these have been authorized by the College of Arms in London for the two Indian Baronets. provided due regard were paid to Indian sentiments and prejudices. and perhaps for a few more — but as a rule the modus operandi is unknown. would be immensely popular among the Chiefs and notables of India . with the greatest goodwill on the part of those who would pay it. for an authorized grant. to present him with a khilat. but sometimes it consists of arms. a complete khilat may include arms. So. or other valuables. Indeed. — Ceremonies observed on the Installation of an Indian Noble. but it is doubtful whether he can do so at all. "Khilat" literally means "a Dress of Honour." It is signed. At present an Indian noble is justly proud of a cognizance that has been honourably borne for centuries by his ancestors. Such an institution. too. The Warrant title is called a Her Majesty the Seal of the conferring (or authorizing the hereditary succession to) a sanad — sometimes spelt "sunnud. although in most cases a turban and shawl form part of the gift. and receive from him a nazar in return. on the authorized use of hereditary cognizances or armorial bearings. jewels. or an elephant. by His Excellency the Viceroy . from a moderate duty. on the occasion of the installation or succession of a Chief or Noble. and bears the Official Empire. and a very considerable revenue might yearly be raised. with more modern adoptions of coat-armour . without any article of attire.the need that exists for the services of an Indian King of Arms and an Indian Heralds' College. 10. and would prefer to use it with full legal authority . It is usual — though there appears to be no invariable rule — for the local representative of Her Majesty.

who then asks him to take his seat. and that of the nobleman to be installed on his right. To the Darbar are invited all the civil and military officers available.(sometimes spelt nuzzur) must be of corresponding value to the khilat. son. The chairs for all the public functionaries are placed. or other noble of that rank. All functionaries. the khilat and sanad are presented. by the Governor. A company of soldiers is drawn up in front of the stairs. INTRODUCTION xv or other Chief Civil Officer of the Province . the Presiding Officer orders his Munshi to take the Chief to an adjoining room. as a Guard of Honour. rise from their chairs on the Chiefs reaching the Presiding Officer . also all the Indian notables and gentry of the neighbourhood. also according to their rank. in the right-hand line. The brother. On the arrival of the noble near the stairs. and any of the relatives of the nobleman who may be present. according to their station. The chair of the Presiding Officer is placed in the middle. After . in full Darbdr. occupy places. out of respect to him. by the Commissioner of the Division at the sudder-station (or capital). on the right hand of the Presiding Officer. where he is robed with the different parchas of the khilat except the pearl necklace. on the left hand of the Presiding Officer's chair. In the case of a Maharaja Bahadur. the Sarishtadar or Munshi of the Presiding Officer leads him to the audience. prepared previously for the purpose. or if they are unable to be present. LieutenantGovernor. The local notables and gentry occupy chairs. All functionaries and Darbaris must have assembled and taken their seats before the Chiefs arrival. according to their rank. After a short conversation.

and stands in front of the Presiding Officer. Titles. Also the sarpech.— List of Indian Titles. is very similar to the one described above. or titled personage of lower rank than a Maharaja Bahadur. or whatever may compose the khilat. INTRODUCTION 11. then ties the pearl necklace round the neck of the Chief. . with a Glossary of their Meanings 1 where recorded in the Foreign Office. Meaning. pearl necklace. or of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. he is again brought into the Darbar room. serves out the same. and then to all the Indian notables and gentry present — the Munshi bringing up each one in turn to receive the atr and pdn. The Chief presents the usual nazardna of gold mohurs. The latter. and then all resume their seats. But the Guard of Honour is not so large. and standing up. During the reading of the sanad the Presiding Officer and the functionaries resume their seats. The Presiding Officer then orders the Munshi to read out the sanad. and it is not necessary that the Chief Civil Officer of the Province should be present. the Presiding Officer orders atr and pdn to be brought . and he requests him to invest the Chief with it. is handed by the Commissioner to the Collector or Assistant Collector of the district in which the Chiefs estates are situated. rising from his seat with all the functionaries present.this. is invested with the insignia of the Order by the representative of the Empress. while the Chief and the local notables and gentry rise. After a short pause. A ceremonial similar to those described above is observed when a Knight Grand Commander. and the ceremony is at an end. or a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. or a Knight Commander. The ceremony of the Installation of a Raja Bahadur. They all then take their leave. first to the newly-installed Chief.

M. .. . at the end of a name a title = the English " Honourable. . Most powerful.. Amin-ud-daula (Tonk) .. T.. after name) (Burmese). of Indian Terms).. Azam-ul-Umara (Baoni) . Ahmudan gating Tazeik ya Min Recipient of a medal for good servke (A. . . Lord. . chief. Persian Wajdhat).Of exalted dignity. Ahsan Jang Excellent in war. Very great. .. used also as a title of respect.).. Arbab . Azim-ul-Iktidar (Sindhia) . ). as one exhibiting the presence of a fully authorized deputy (Mar Diet.Achchhan Achchhan {Malay &gt. . Asaf Jah (Nizam) . Azam. Bahadur Brave . distinguished in Jang war. Trustee of the State. . a title of honour to a Vicegerent or representative. Amir Prince. Amir-ul-Umara Chief of the nobles. and in Malabar applied especially to the males of the Royal family who have no office or official rank in the State (Glos. . a father.alam). . .. The greatest of the nobles. (Ajdhat." Bahadur Desai Desdi (Mar. . Ajahat (Sar Deshmukh) . .An Asaf (Solomon's Wazir. Alijah (Sindhia) .. Amir-ud-daula Sayyid-ul-MulkMumtaz A prince of the State. a hero . ruler of a province. according to the Muhammadans) in dignity.. . .

Brave in war. .. Sirmur. king. Bohmong (Chief of the Regritsa (Arakanese) Head leader. . . INTRODUCTION Titles. .. . See Nawab Begam) Lady . an honorific form of address. Lord of Braj. queen .Bahadur Jang (Bhartpur) . title of Mughal ladies. a sovereign. Chhatrapati Maharaj (Kolhapur) . . . . The Governor of Shiraz holds this title in Persia. . Barar Bans (Faridkot) . . .. Barar Bans Sirmur (Nabha) . Maghs) Brajendra (Bhartpur) . The Raja of Faridkot is head of the tribe — Griffin)... Lord of the umbrella. Sovereign. . .A just prince.A caste distinction. Bhup (Kuch Behar) . sl crowned head. Offspring of a Barar (a Jat tribe. . . . Begam (Bhopal. 1 Many of the " meanings " given in this Glossary are simply rough translations of the Oriental honorifics. Chaube .. . A king entitled to have an umbrella carried over him as a mark of dignity. . Lord of lords. an epithet of Krishna. . . Beglar Begi (Kalat) . Chaudhri Head man of a village . Davar . .

.Inglishia (Baroda.. Fidwi-i-Hazrat-i-Malika-i-Muaz-zama-i -Rafi-ud-Darja-i-Inglistdn (Sindhia) Gambhir Rao Ghorpade.Nishan-i-Hazrat-iKaisar-i-Hind (Faridkot) Fath Jang (Nizam) . Girad.i.i -Saadat-i. Patiala) Farzand.. . Hafiz-ul-Mulk (Bahawalpur) Heladi Naik Bahadur Desai Nadugauda. Farzand-i-Arjumand Akidat Paiwand Daulat-i-Inglishia (Nabha) Farzand-i-Dilband Rashikhul-Iti-kad Daulat-i-Inglishia (Jind and Kapurthala) Farzand-i-Dilpazir-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia (Rampur) Farzand. .i -Daulat.i. Himmat Bahadur Hisam-us-Saltanat (Sindhia) .Deshmukh Diler Jang (Dholpur) Dinkar Rao Diwan Diwan Bahadur .Khas.

. Kiritapati (Travancore) Kulashekhara (Travancore) Kumar or Kunwar Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min (K.. An hereditary native officer under the former Governments (Marathi). Meaning. A minister. a chief officer of State.M. Jhalawar) . Datia) Mahant Maharaj Kumar Maharaj Rana (Dholpur.. Khan Bahadur Khan Saheb. See Rao. Dinkar (Sanskrit).HizabrJang Ihtisham-ud-daula (Jaora) . Khan .S. after name) Lokendra (Dholpur... Khanzada . Intrepid in war.. the sun. Day-maker. Ihtisham-ul-Mulk Imad-ud-daula (Baoni) Indar (Kashmir) Jai Deo (Dholpur) Jalal-ud-daula (Dujana) Jam Jamadar . .

A Somali title. apparently = a chief. Brave champion. Pillar of the State. Lion of battle. preserver of the country. Beloved and trusty son of the English Government. Pomp of the country. .See Diwan and Bahadur. A son emblematical of the good auspices of Her Majesty the Empress of India. Pomp of the State. Esteemed son of the English Government. Victorious in battle. Sagacious chief. Glory of the State. (Sindhi) Chief. Favourite son of the English Government. Indra. God of victory. who is exalted in position. Guardian. Sword of the State. A servant of Her August Majesty the Queen of England. Beloved and faithful son of the English Government.

Great Raja or king. .Chief or leader.. INTRODUCTION Titles. • . . Protector of the world. Maharaja Bahadur.. prince. Maharani Great Rani or queen. Maharaja . Head of a religious order. . Son of a Khan. Lord.. Maharana Great Rana or king. Lord Paramount. Lord Paramount. Maharaja Dhiraj or Maharaj-Adhiraj . King of kings. Title of some Musalman chiefs settled in Pandu Mehvas. Possessor of a diadem. son of a Raja. Maharana Dhiraj (Udaipur) . Son of a Maharaja. king of kings. . title . Prince. Brave lord. Maharaja-i-Rajagan . Meaning. king of kings. Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour (Burmese). Maharao Great Rao or chief. . Head (Shekhara) of the race (Kulam).of Muhammadan nobles. . Supreme Rana or king.

. simply "Mr. Master. Mong Raja Muazzaz-ud-daula Mudabbir-ul-Mulk Muhtashim-i-Dauran (Sindhia) Mujahid-ul-Mulk Mukhlis-ud-daula (Bahawalpur) .. when prefixed. Lord of wealth. ." When affixed to a name. ... Malwandar (Nabha) . jewel. Patiala) . Maharawal Bahadur. . . Supreme Raja or king. Mani—a. . Muktar-ul-Mulk (Sindhia) .Maharao Bahadur (Kota). .A contraction of Amir Zada. . title of sons of Rajput princes.. Maharawal Great Rawal or prince. Mahendra Great Indra. Mian Lord. greatest... Mihin Sardar (Baoni) . Mir . . Victorious of the age. Mulk .. J Malik Master. Maharao Raja (Alwar and Bnndi) . ' ' nobly born. Mirza .. .. proprietor. Great Rawat'or prince. leader. a pearl. The Sultan par excellence. . ." Mirza Bahadur... Mani Sultan (Travancore) . Mihin. " Majid-ud-daula Glorious in the State. Chief. Malaz-ul-Ulama-ul-Fazila . Maharawat (Partabgarh . elder-born. . Malanmat Madar. . it signifies " Prince " .. Asylum of the learned and erudite. Mansur-i-Zaman (Sindhia. greater.

Mumtaz-ud-daula Mumtaz-ul-Mulk Mushir-i-Khas . Mushir-ud-daula Mustakil Jang (Dujana) Mustakim Jang . Privy counsellor. Distinguished in the country. a leader. . Counsellor of the State.. Probably a misprint or corruption of Malik.. Muzaffar-ul-Mamalik (Nizam) Naik Nasrat Jang (Bahawalpur) Nawab . Ruler of the country.. Devoted servant of the State.. choicest counsellor. Honoured of the State. Administrator orMinister of the country (The most) powerful of his age.. Distinguished in the State. a king. Nawab Babi (Balasinor) Mong (Arakanese).. Warrior (for the faith) of the country. Mutalik .

Nono (Spiti) Padmanabha Dasa (Travancore Padwi . The founder of the family once held this post in the Mughal Court. Nawab Begam (Bhopal). Nizam-ul-Mulk (Nizam) . Pant Pratinidhi Pant Sachiv Patang Rao Prince (Arcot).Hazar Mansabdar . chief. Vicegerent.. supreme. Loyal in battle. leader. Rai . Nizam-ud-daula (Nizam) . Mutlak. Rafi-ush-Shan (Sindhia) . and hence the title is INTRODUCTION Titles. Pancha. Victorious over kingdoms. principal.. Victorious in battle. Bdbi. door-keeper. Nawab Bahadur.Firm in battle. . .. Nayak.

. Rao Saheb. Rani . etc. Rai Ray an (Banswara) Rai Saheb. Raja Dhiraj Raja-i-Rajagan Rajeshwar.Rajaha ...... Raja Bahadur. Rao ..i. Rana . Rukn-ud-daula (Bahawalpur) Rustam-i-Dauran (Nizam) Rustam Jang . Sar Desai Saramad . Rawat ... Rashid-ul-Mulk (Baoni) .. Raj Saheb Raja . Rawal .. Rao Bahadur. Saheb-i-Jah (Baoni) Saif-ud-daula ......Rai Bahadur.. Rais-ud-daula (Dholpur) .i -Bundelkhand .. Raj Rajendra (Jaipur) Raj Rajeshwar (Holkar).

Ruler of the State. Of exalted dignity.i . Servant of Vishnu (the lotus-navelled).Hindustan (Jaipur) Sardar Sardar Bahadur. (Tibetan) Young nobleman. Administrator of the country. Noble holding a mansab or military rank of 5000 horse. Prince. Raj = Raja. King. Lord of kings. king of kings. Pratinidhi. Regulator of the State. From Patang. the sun. Sachiv. . Minister. prince. Or Farm. and Rao. title borne by a distinguished Maratha family. clan title borne after their names by certain Mehvas Chiefs (Bombay Gazetteer).Rajaha . prince.(Orchha) Saramad . a vicegerent . Rai of Rais.i . king of kings. Saulat Jang (Tonk) Meaning. (Prakrit Rai = Raja). Rejeshwar. prince of princes. chief. counsellor.

King. of INTRODUCTION . prince.Paramount Raja. Raja of Rajas. Fury of war. Possessed of dignity. Pillar of the State. + Ka (expressing Raja. Chief officer of rank. Queen. Do. A Rustam in battle. chief. Prince. especially Director of the country. From Rajan ( = Raja) diminuti veness ). Head of the Rajas of Bundelkhand. The Rustam (the most renowned Persian heroes) of his time. princess. chief. Title of a prince or among Rajputs. Chief Desai or ruler of a province. king of kings. Sword of the State. Head of the Rajas of Hindustan.

Sipahdar-ul-Mulk (Dholpur) Sipar-i-Saltanat (Kashmir) Srinath (Sindhia) Sultan . Shuja-at Jang . Shaikh-ul-Mushaikh . after name) Umdat-ul-Mulk Umdat-ul-Umara (Sindhia) Vanji (Travancore) ....Titles.M. Thakur Rawat.D.. Shriman Maha Naik Nadgaud Nagnuriebirada Himori..... Shaikh .. . Sawai Rao. Thakur Saheb.. Shiromani (Bikanir) . Thakurani Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min (T. Shahzada . Thakur Sena Rai.. Thakur . Sawai Sawai Bahadur (Kutch).. Shamsher Bahadur (Baroda) Shamsher Jang (Travancore) Shams-ud-daula . Sena Khas Khel (Gaekwar) Sena Pati .

General. Chief. Prince-Royal. Wazir-ul-Mulk (Tonk) Zamorin . Brave in war. The gem. Lord of Fortune. . having the excess of a fourth. A mighty man of the sword. Meaning. commander of the army of the State. Literally. A Hindu title. better than others by 25 per cent.e. Commander of the army of the country. Army. Wali(Kaldt) Walvi Wasava Wazir-ud-daula . Chief of the army. prince. the best (of). Doctor of doctors (of law).Chief. Shield of the Empire. The sword of war. The sun of the State.Vishwasrao "Wachanath Wala Shikoh (Sindhia) . i.

Communications relating to the Third Edition should be addressed to Sir ROPER LETHBRIDGE. Vernacular modification of Samundri. c/o Messrs. governor. Sampson Low. Clan title borne after their names by certain Mehvas Chiefs {Bombay Gazetteer). Chosen of the State. E. Fetter Lane. Of high dignity. ruler. St. NOTICE This Edition of The Golden Book of India contains the BirthdayHonours conferred in 1899. Vachan-ndth. feudal noble.Prince. From Vishwds. Chosen from among the nobles. Recipient of the Silver Sword for Braveiy (Burmese).. Chief. prince. K. Female Thakur. Minister of the State. LONDON. Do. Prince. Co. Dunstan's House. Do.C. Marston &amp. Or Vasava.E. . trust.C.I. Dynastic name. and Rao. Lord of Speech. the sea king (Malayalam). Or Valvi.

the first on January 22. 1899. ABAJI BALWANT BHISE. ABDUL ALI. Mir. ABDUL ALI. and grandson of his late Highness Azim Jah. Kasra Bakht Mirza Bahadur. and the second on May 30. The titles are personal. Residence. 1899. . 1891. being the son of Muazzazud-daula. ABBAS HUSAIN. Khan Bahadur. The title is personal. Muhammad. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Bombay. and Sarddr. The Khan Bahadur was born in 1863. Khan Saheb. Muhammad. Received the title on June 3. Shaikh. Received the title on June 3. Punjab. ABDUL ALI. 1884. — The titles are in italics. Residence : Bannu. 1873. Khan Saheb. and were conferred. ABBAS KHAN. See Muhammad. See Muhammad. and was conferred on September 11. Residence : Madras.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Note. first titular Prince of Arcot. He was granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur in 1876. Khan Bahadur. ABDUL ALI MULLA HIPT00LA MISRI. and is a descendant of the old Nawabs of the Carnatic. Residence: Bombay. Shahbazurgkhel. Rao Bahadur.

The title was conferred on January 1. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and was conferred on February 16. ABDUL GHAFUR KHAN. 1898. The title is hereditary. Residence : Allahabad. Bombay. Residence : Survey of India. 1897. The Nawab is the uncle of the ruling Nawdb of Savanur in the Dharwar district. Residence: Dharwar. Simla. 1898. Maulavi. Munshi. ABDUL BARI. The title is personal. Punjab. Khan Bahadur. and was conferred on January 1. ABDUL FATEH. ABDUL FIROZ KHAN. Residence : Teri. Maulavi. Khan Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. An Extra Assistant Commissioner .Bombay. Kohat. ABDUL GHANI. The title was conferred on June 22. Khan Bahadur. Khan Saheb. 1887. ABDUL GHAFUR. 1897. Residence : Nasik. Khan Bahadur. Has been DeputyCollector of Allahabad. Bombay. The title is personal. Muhammad. and was conferred on June 22.Maulavi. Khan Bahadur. ABDUL FIROZ KHAN (of Savanur). for services in Military Works Department. ABDUL GHAFUR. Bombay. Calcutta. Residence : Military Works Department. See Muhammad. 1887. The title is personal. Residence : Bhusawal. Khan Saheb. ABDUL GHAFUR KHAN (Khan of Teri). Nawdb. Received the title on January 1. Sayyid.

1899. Khan Bahadur. Kashmir. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Punjab. The title of Khan Saheb was conferred on June 22. Khan Saheb. ABDUL HAKIM KHAN (of Peshawar). as a personal distinction. NorthWestern Provinces. 1893.of the Punjab. for eminent services at Gilgit. b. 'Shadlkh. Residence: Pilibhit. Residence : Gilgit. Residence: Faridabad. 1893. The title was conferred (for learning) on February 16. Maulavi. as a personal distinction.KK. . Residence : Calcutta. The title was conferred on May 26. 1894. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. Maulavi (of Khairabad). ABDULHAKK. January 2. 1893. ABDUL HAMID KHAN. Residence: Meerut. Granted the title. The title was conferred (for learning) on January 3. Oudh. Created a Khan Bahadur. ABDUL HAMID. May 13. Residence . Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. 1887. Shams-ul-Ulama. His Highness . Residence : Malakand. Mir (of Tando Mir). January 2. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA AHWt H&amp. Shams-ul-Ulama. 1897 .. Maulavi. ABDUL HAI. Punjab Frontier. Sitapur. 1898. Northwestern Provinces. XJlcU Bahadur. ABDUL HUSAIN KHAN.

Residence : Surat. The title was conferred on January 2. Sind. Residence: Belgaum. Khan Saheb. Subadar-Major. Shams-ul-Ulama. on May 25. and having rendered excellent service in that capacity. and was conferred on May 1. Received the title on June 3. 1899. Residence: Benares. Bombay. received the title as a personal distinction on May 25. ABDUL KADIR. ABDUL JAMLL. ABDUL KADIR. Khan Saheb. Kazi. The title is personal. 1892. ABDUL J ALII. Received the title in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. Bombay. Residence: Bombay. 1897. Shaikh. Residence : Nasik. Khan Bahadur. Maulavi.I. Bombay. ABDUL ISLAM BIN ADAM. 1895.E. ABDUL KADIR. ABDUL JABBAR. . who was the ruler of Sind at the time of the annexation. Khan Saheb. Received the title on January 2. Khan Bahadur. and was conferred in recognition of his position as grandson of the Amir. Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on June 22. C. Is Professor of Arabic in the Benares College. Muhammad. Created a CLE. 1880. Residence: Hyderabad. on June 22. Residence : Calcutta. Oudh. Maulavi.. The Khan Bahadur is a Deputy Magistrate of the 24Parganas at Calcutta. 1897. Residence : Bareilly. 1899. Is Municipal Commissioner of Surat. Northwestern Provinces. Maulavi. 1899. The title is personal.1850.

walad ALI AKBAR KHAN. the Mir being a representative of one of theMirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Residence : Madras. Sind. Bengal . 1895 . The title was conferred on January 1. The title was conferred on January 2. 1899. ABDUL KARIM KHAN SAHEB. V.. Residence: Arabia. Residence: Bombay.O. Mir.I. North-Western Provinces. The Khan Bahadur also bears the Carnatic titles of Asad Jang Said-uldaula. 1884. 1888. and for his own acts of public generosity . Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred by the Carnatic Nawab. Shams-ulUlama. Kazi. b. May 21. 1898. The title was conferred on May 24. 1890..ABDUL KADIR KHAN. 1890. Residence : England. ABDUL KARIM. . and received the title on January 1. Khcln Bahadur. Has done good service in the Medical Department. and recognized by Government December 16.I.E.E. Is Indian Secretary to Her Majesty the Queen. ABDUL LATIF AGHA JOHAR. Shaikh Hafiz. ABDUL MAHMUD KHAN. Residence: Calcutta. Khan Bahadur. on May 24. C. ABDUL KARIM. 1891. The title is hereditary. for services rendered by his ancestors. C. Residence : Shikarpur. and a Companion of the Royal Victorian Order. Residence: Meerut. 1838. Empress of India. Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 25. ABDUL LATIF LONDE. C. Khan Bahadur. and he was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. for eminent oriental scholarship. Munshi Hafir.

ABDUL MAJID. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA ABDUL MAJID. Residence: Kangpur. Residence: Gulistan. ABDUL MAJID KHAN. Residence: Nagpur. Hakim Sayyid. Achakzai. KJidn Bahadur. Khan Saheb. The title was conferred on May 21. Is Honorary Magistrate. 1898. 1898. North. Malik. Punjab. Khan Saheb. 1894. Baluchistan. granted the title on June 22. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHIM. ABDUL QUAYYUM KHAN. ABDUL MAJID KHAN (of Delhi). Muhammad. Khan Bahadur. Central Provinces. 1894. Residence : Madras. Maulavi. Eeceived the title on June 22. Khan Saheb. 1897. Received the title on May 21. Residence: Delhi. Title conferred January 1. Khan Bahadur. 1898. Received the title on January 1.ABDUL MAJID. The title was conferred on January 1. 1898. Khan Bahadur. Punjab Frontier. Madras. ABDUL MAJID KHAN. Bazai. Khdn Bahadur. Residence: Tirah. 1897. 1898. Hazik-ul-Mulk. The title was conferred on May 21. Bengal. Is son of the Prince of Arcot. . ABDUL MAJID KHAN. ABDUL MAJID KHAN. Residence : Cuddapah. Residence: Baluchistan.Western Provinces. Title conferred May 26. Residence : Pilibhit.

Shaikh. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN. 1 87 7 . Khdn Bahddur. Received the title on June 3. Mysore. Muhammad. 1892. The title was conferred on January 1. Khdn Bahadur. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHIM HAKIM. Residence: Bombay. Residence: Bangalore.Western Provinces. The title was conferred on May 20. North. under the government of His Highness the Maharaja of Mysore. Title conferred January 21. Residence : Bannu. and received the title on July 13. The title was conferred by the Nawab of the Car- . Shaikh. The Khan Bahadur was a Deputy Commissioner in the district of Shimoga. The title was conferred on January 1 . Mysore. The title was conferred on June 22. Mysore. Residence: Zhob. 1899. Khdn Saheb. for good service in the Medical Department. Residence: Ghazipur. Khdn Bahadur. Khan Bahddur. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN. Khdn Bahddur. Khdn Bahddur. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHIM. 1892. 1897. Haji Muhammad Kadwani. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHIM KHAN. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN. 1882. Punjab. Khdn Bahadur. 1890. Residence: Bengal. 1896.Khdn Bahadur. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN. The title was conferred on April 6. Residence : Bangalore. Residence : Bushire. Baluchistan.

^M» Bahadur. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN. Residence: Rehli. Sagar. 1888. 1887. Residence : Bombay.C. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAUF. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAUF KHAN Subadar-Major. The title was conferred for services to Government in the Postal Department. Khdn BaMdur. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAZAK BIN KARTAS. Khdn Saheb. Punjab. Khdn Bahddur. on September 28. Is judgeof theS. Maulavi. M„ Khdn Bahddur. 1899. Central Provinces. for eminent service in Border Military Police.C. 1898. for distinction in oriental learning. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHMAN KHAN. Bengal. The title was conferred on February 18. Residence: Calcutta. and recognized by the British Government on December 16. The title was conferred on May 20. Residence : Peshawar. Khdn Bahddur.natic. Calcutta. Residence: Madras. Khdn Bahadur. 1890. . Punjab. Residence: Hazar a. 1897. for distinguished medical service. The title was conferred on June 1. ABDUL (ABDUS) SAMAD. A. ABDUL (ABDUR) RAZZAK. Received the title on May 21.1891. Residence: Jeddah. Shams-ul-Ulama. Residence: Indore. The title was conferred on January 1. Munshi. The title was conferred on June 22. F. Central India. 1890.1898. Received the title on January 1. Residence: Patna.

Khdn Saheb.and recognized by the Government on July 7. ABDULLA KHAN. 1892. Bengal. Muhammad. ABDULLA KHAN. The title of Khan Saheb was conferred on January 2. ABDULLA KHAN. The title was conferred on May 21. Residence: Sibi. Residence: Dera Ismail Khan. Shaikh. ABDULLA KHAN BAHADUR. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA ABDUL (ABDUS) SUBHAN. 1891. Baluchistan. The title was conferred on February 16. Hafiz. Hafiz Muhammad. 1893. . Sayyid. Khdn Bahddur. The title was conferred on May 30. The title was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Bombay. 1887. ABDULALLY. ABDUL (ABDUS) SUBHAN CHAUDHRI. and that of Khan Bahadur on May 30. Khdn BaMdur. ABDUL RAHEMAN. and the Nawab Abdulla Khan was specially selected to succeed to it in August 1881. Naicdb. Bajputana. 1891. Residence: Madura. Punjab. Nawdb. Sind. Khdn Saheb. Residence : Ajmir. 1898.ABDUL (ABDUS) SAMAD. Madras. The title was conferred on January 3. See Abdul Ali. Residence: Karachi. The title is hereditary. CLE. Residence : Bogra. See Muhammad. Khdn Bahadur. 1888. 1875. The title had been recognized July 30.

Received the title on January 3. Nawdb. Muhammad. Chaudhri. Kamr Kadr Mirza. Residence : Thagi Department. See Abdul. Madras. Muhammad. 1893. Bengal. Residence: Calcutta. Residence: Mangalore. See Muhammad Abu Talib Khan. Haji. Maulavi Sayyid. The title was conferred for eminence . ABDUS-SALAM. Residence : Calcutta. Received the title January 1. b.ABDUR. See Abdul. ABU TALIB KHAN. Sayyid. ABUBAKR. Khdn Bahadur. 1851. Bengal. Prince. Prince. ABUL KHAIR MUHAMMAD SIDDIQ. 1892. Rai Bahadur. Khdn Bahadur. See Banarji. 1898. Beari. Khdn Bahddur. ABUL ALI DARAGAH MIRZA BAHADUR. KMn Bahadur. Residence: Gaya. ABID ALI BAHADUR. See Abdul. Bengal. Rat Bahadur. This is the courtesy title of the twentieth son of the late King of Oudh. This is the courtesy title of the late King of Oudh. ABINAS CHANDRA BANERJI. ABDUS. ABU SALEH. ABHAI CHARAN MITTER. See Mittar. ABDUS SUBHAN. Sliams-ul-Ulama . ABDUS SUBHAN. Received the title on May 21. See Abdul. Maulavi.

on June 22. G. Pandit. Residence: Kheri. 1896. The title was conferred on January 1. Rao Bahddur. Residence: Vizagapatam. ADARJI JAMSHEDJI. AFGHANISTAN. Residence: Trichinopoly. Khdn Saheb. 1899. The title was conferred on January 2. Mutlur. The personal title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Bombay. G. The Raja of Kaimahra represents the elder branch of the Jan war family. . Rai of. the Raja of Oel representing the junior branch. ACHAYYAMMA GARU. Oudh. ADITYA RAM BHATTACHARJI. North-Western Provinces.I. Rdni. Khdn Saheb. His Highness the Amir of. ADARGANJ. b. for good service in the Customs Department. 1899. Residence: Bombay. 1880. C. Madras. The title was conferred on October 20. Sri Aukitham. Bengal. and succeeded Rajd Narpat Singh in 1886. ADARJI S0RABJI.S. ACHAL SINGH (of Kaimahra). June 15. The Pandit is Professor of Sanskrit in the Muir Central College.. His mother is the Rani Ranikunwar. Allahabad. A ruling chief. 1897. The title was conferred. 1897. Madras. Residence : Allahabad. 1885. Rdjd. ADINARAYANA AIYAR.in oriental learning on January 1. The title is hereditary.C. Khdn Saheb. for eminence in oriental learning. Received the title on January 2. Shaikh. Residence: Zaila. Residence: Nauhati. 1896.B. See Madho Parshad Singh. ADAM YUSUFBHAI. Mahdmapo'pddhydya.

1830.901. The area of the State is about 270. AFZAL KHAN.000 square miles . 1885. and 210 guns. Nawdb. See Muhammad Ali Bey.B. AFZAL KHAN. but was brought back after the last Afghan war. its population about 4. He is a THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA younger son of the late Amir Sher Ali Khan. He is entitled to a salute of 21 guns . 1897.S. Amir of Afghanistan. AGAR (REWA KANTHA). and maintains a military force of 19. His Highness was created a G.C. See Muhammad. See Muhammad.000.S. C.S. Sardar Muhammad. Nawab. 1894. 1894. chiefly Muhammadans. and was placed on the throne by the British authorities on July 22. The Sardar received the personal title of Nawab on January 1. b. on April 28. Lieutenant . 40. . C. Residence: Dera Ismail Khan.Colonel Wazirzada Muhammad. AFSAR. AFZAL KHAN. See Afzar. and a G. on January 1. Received the title on January 1. Thakur .His Highness Sir Abdur Rahman Khan. 1880. Major. CLE. Residence : Peshawar. Amir of Kabul. Muhammad.408 infantry.C. G. Punjab.I.. Nawdb. Khdn Saheb .I.I. Malik. AFZAR-I-JANG. was born about the year 1843. AFRIDI KHAN.500 cavalry. Residence: Kabul. and lived for some years as an exile.

AGR0R. Thakur Balwant Singh is a Rajput Chief (Hindu). 1890. AG0RI BARHAR. Balwant Singh. 1890 " for loyalty and public spirit. Central Provinces. See Bed Saran. Central India. is a Muhammadan of Rajput descent. Central India. Khdn Bahadur. This is generally a prefix. Bengal. AGHA KHAN. Rewa Kantha. Received the title on January 1.Gambhir Singh. A ruling chief. A ruling chief. See Ali Gauhar Khan. Residence: Rangoon. Calcutta. Khdn of. Residence: Agra Barkhera. Bhopal. His Highness. Thdkur of. Born about 1867 . . AHFAY-UR-RAHIM. Received the title on January 1. The population of the State. on July 9. The title is personal. Khdn Saheb. Residence: Jabalpur. AGRA BARKHERA (BHOFAL). See under the name that follows. AGHA AHMAD. Burma. which is situated in the Bhopal Agency. 1898. Rani of. and consists chiefly of Hindus. AHMAD. See Sultan. Bombay. Thdkur of. 1859. Ispahan!. which is hereditary. Maulavi." Residence: 70 Toltollah Lane. born about the year 1827. Muhammad. its population consists chiefly of Bhils. is about 4200. and was conferred on January 1. The area of the State is about 9 square miles . He succeeded to the title. AGHA. Khdn Bahadur. Residence : Agar.

Khdn Bahadur. Nawdb Bahadur. Nagar. The title was conferred on June 22. AHMAD ALI. AHMAD BAKHSH. AHMAD ALI. The Khan Bahadur served in the Bengal Light Cavalry from the year 1830 . Residence: Berar. Shams-ul-ulama. Malik Bal Lai. on May 30. He went through the Kabul campaigns. and received the title as a personal distinction on May 25. The title was conferred for learning. Residence : Calcutta. Residence : Hyderabad. which was conferred on him January 1866. 1815. was given the hereditary title of Nawab for his loj r al services. Nawdb. Maulavi. settled in the Fatehpur district in the reign of Shahab-ud-din Ghori. who was in the service of the Raja of Nagpur. Muhammad. 6 . Residence: Calcutta.Western Provinces. and in the Afghan war in 1839. Sardar Bahadur. and whose ancestor. b. Son of Tir Bakhsh. 1897. Deccan. and took part in the campaign against the Bhils in 1832. and joined in the pursuit of Dost Muhammad. Khdn Bahadur. AHMAD BAKHSH KHAN. See Muhammad. AHMAD ALI KHAN. The Sardar Bahadur. Residence: Fatehpur. For his loyalty during the Mutiny he was rewarded with a khilat. The Khan Bahadur has rendered good service on the Survey of India. 1891. 1892. and the title of Khan Bahadur.AHMAD. a jdgir (grant of lands). Khdn Bahadur. who is a pensioned RisaldarMajor in Her Majesty's Army. Shaikh. 1895. North. on May 25.

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA AHMAD GURIKAL. Sayyid Ikram-ud-din Ahmad. Manjeri. on Dost Muhammad of Pariawan. The title is hereditary. b. and a grandson of the late Saadat Ali Khan. Oudh. Khan BaMdur. succeeded 1877. 1877. b. 1893. The title is personal. Nawdb (of Fatehpur) . 1826. AHMAD HASAN KHAN. Residence: Malabar. accompanied the Emperor Humayun on his return from Persia. Received the personal title of Khan Bahadur on June 3. Residence: Bakarganj. Residence: Sehore.b. AHMAD HUSAIN KHAN. 1865. 1825. Residence : Pariawan. SHAIKH. King of Oudh. The title is hereditary. Madras Presidency. took service under the Delhi emperors. on account of his services in the Mutiny. Residence: Lucknow. The family originally came from Teheran . Khan BaMdur . NorthWestern Provinces. Granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur for good service in the Madras Police. Nawdb Bahadur. from which he retired on pension in 1888. The Nawab has two sons— Ali Husain Khan and Bakar Husain Khan. AHMAD HUSAIN KHAN (of Pariawan). Partabgarh. and was appointed a mansabddr by the great Akbar. Fatehpur. Oudh. The present Khan Bahadur is an Honorary Magistrate . Central India. AHMAD HUSAIN KHAN (of Fatehpur Haswa). and was conferred December 4. . Khan Bahadur. Son of the Nawab Kalb Ali Khan. its founder.

Sind. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 1874. m. Khan Bahadur. He was born in 1842. India. and was granted the personal title in 1875. Sayyid. G. The title was conferred on January 1. AHMAD KHAN. Khan Bahadur. 1894. and was conferred on February 16. Residence: Mylapur and Adyar. b. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.I.. AHMAD NUR KHAN alias MANGAL KHAN.S. Khan Saheb. Khan Bahadur. Jamadar.Western Provinces. K. January 1. as being that of a descendant of the ancient Mirs of Sind. Residence: 11th Bengal Lancers.C. The title is personal. Residence : AHMAD MOHI-UD-DIN. . Residence : Shikarpur. 1887. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. 1897 . AHMAD SHAH. Son of Ibruth Jang Bahadur. 1835 .I. Khan Bahadur. North. Punjab. to the second daughter of His Highness Nawab Zahir-ud-daula. Mir. being a son-in-law of his late Highness Zahir-ud-daula. Residence : Pilibhit. Residence : Madras. Residence: Jalandhur. by a niece of the Hon. Madras. 1864. CLE. 1888. second Prince of Arcot. The title is personal. AHMAD MUHI-UD-DIN. AHMAD KHAN. Created Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on June 22. .C. Sir Sharful Umra Bahadur. The Khan Bahadur is a member of the Carnatic family.S.AHMAD KHAN walad MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN.

Residence : Baluchistan. AHMAD YAR KHAN.E. where he remained with the headquarters camp till the city was taken. Khan Bahadur. When the Mutiny occurred at Meerut. 1892. JVawdb Bahadur. b. North. was conferred on him. K.. Residence: Sardhana.Western Provinces. bas long managed the large .I. and subsequently to the English in their retreat from Kabul. Succeeded in 1882. And each of his successors has received the title of Nawab for life on succeeding to the estates. and thence to Delhi. The Nawab Bahadur. raised a body of horse.AHMAD SHAH SAYYID (of Sardhana). See Ahmad. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA AHSANTJLLA. consisting of his followers and dependents. who was born in 1846. they were expelled from Kabul and settled at Sardhana.S.C. accompanied General Wilson's force to the Hindan . K. For these eminent services the title of Nawab. Nawab. The Hon. the head of the family. with a suitable khilat. The family are Muswi or Mashadi Sayyids. descended from Hayat Ali Musa Raza. Sayyid Muhammad Jan Fishan. Sir Khwaja. January 1. and officered by himself and his relatives . Received the title on May 25. On account of services rendered to Alexander Barnes in his Kabul mission.I. AHMED. and originally residing at Paghman near Kabul. Khan Saheb. when his men were employed to keep order in Delhi.C. Son and heir of the late Nawab (of Dacca) Kbwaja Sir Abdul Ghani. 1835. was present in both actions.

who was crested a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empie on January 1. Bengal.raja Chhatrasal of Panna (q. both as a liberal and enlightened landlord. A JIT SINGH (o Saliya). Rdjd. aged 23 years Residence : Ajaigarh. and has followed in the footsteps of his father. and in his large public benefactions. Central Provinces. 1897. Central India. A ruliig chief. aid belongs to many other public holies.). 544 infantry. chiefh Hindus. and was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on Junt 22. His Highness was born on September 9.C. descended from the famous Mah. His Highness Maha*aja Sawai Sir Ranjor Singh Bahalur. aid 13 guns. Diwan Senapati Jaipal Singh. His Highness. Bundelkhand. His Eghness has two sons — Raja Bahadur Bhopal Singh. 1897. The family motto is Radhir Ajai Wir (The Steadfast in Var is an Unconquered Hero). He is a Bundela Pajput. having been oiginally conferred by the Gond Rajalindi Shah of GarhaMandla. Residace : Jabalpur.E. The title is hereditary. Residence: Dacca. aged 30 years . Ajaifarh has an area of 802 square mile. and a population of 81. 1859.v. and maintains a mlitary force of 97 cavalry. Mahdrdjd of. He received the title of Nawab Bahadur on January 1.family property. Succeeded the late Raja Mahip Singh of Saliya in 1891. is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. 1892 .. K. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. His sons are Khwaja Hafizulla Khm Bahadur and Khwaja Salimulla Khan Bahadur. AJAIGARH.I.454. He is a member of the Legislative Council of Bengal. .

The chief maintains a military force of 46 men and 7 guns. daughter of Dhaibar Killedar of Baroda. The Mahdrdjd of. Laxumibai Saheb.040. alias Appa Saheb. Residence: Akalkot. AJUDHYA. Khan Saheb. . See Partab. Kolhapur. aged twelve and nine respectively. nd succeeded to the title in 1859. Thakur Daulat Sngh was born about the year 1835. 1887. See Ram Chand. is the son of Maloji Raje. Married. Residence: Ajrauda. b. Rdjd of. and was conferred on March 15. The area of the State is about 498 square miles. Thdkur &gt. Bombay. Bombay. The title is personal. 1867. His step-grandmother is the Lady Kamaljabai Saheb. alias Baba Saheb. widow of Shahaji Raje II. and its population is about 58. SHAHAJI MALOJI. A ruling chief . Has two daughters. Educated at Rajaram College.AJRAUDA (Wesfern Malwa)./. A ruling chief. and grand-daughter of His Highness the late Maharaja Khanderao Bahadur Gaekwar of Baroda. Diiodn of. AKALGARH.. 1881. le is a Rajput Chief (Hindu). chiefly Hindus. Rao Saheb Mehrban Shahaji Maloji Raje Bhonsle. but being a minor the management of the State was in the hands of the British Government till 1891. alias BABA SAHEB RAJE BHONSLE. AKBAR All. Danlat Singh. when the administration of the State was made over to him. though there are nearly 8000 Muhammadans. Is a descendant of the Bhonsle family . AKALKOT. Central India. His accession took place in 1870 . Residence: Satara. Guzra Raje and Putala Raje.

The title is personal. The title is personal. Rai Bahadur. Muhammad. . AKBAR KHAN. as a personal distinction..C. The Khan Bahadur was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Bengal.C. Bengal. 1893. Rai Bahadur. 1898.C. 1869.). The title was conferred on January 1. Prince. AKRAM KHAN.Khdn Bahadur. Residence : Bengal. January 4. Residence : Hyderabad.I. (of Amb. and was originally conferred by His Highness the Nizam of the Deccan.S. AKRAM HUSAIN. Nawdb Bahadur. January 2. Dacca. Sayyid.AKBAR All. and was conferred on January 2. North-Western Provinces. Khdn Bahadur.I. Is judge of S. Granted the title of Rai Bahadur. AKHIL CHANDRA MUKHARJI. Residence: Mulchar. AKBAR All. Sir Muhammad. The title is personal. See Muhammad. Mir. Muhammad Afsarul-Mulh Mirza Bahadur. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA AKHAI KUMAR SEN. Residence: Calcutta. . 1899. K. Allahabad. Shaikh. Received the title on May 21. Khdn Bahadur. C. 1897. being the courtesytitle of this nobleman as the twentysecond son of the late King of Oudh. Residence : Calcutta.S. AKBAR HUSAIN. Deccan. Residence: Allahabad.

The family did good service during the Mutiny. and was conferred on September 5. Punjab. Rafatul-Mulk. ALBEL SINGH (of Lidhran). ALBEL SINGH. 1897. Central Provinces. for distinguished military service. The title is hereditary. The title is personal. Residence: ALAM SHAH. Ambala. 1894. Khan Bahadur. who is also styled Iktidar Jang Afsar-ud-daula. Sardar. Sayyid. Pandit. Residence : Ludhiana. Residence : Ludhiana. ALAM KHAN. The title is personal. Punjab. The title is personal. Khan Bahadur. The Khan Bahadur holds the high rank of Risaldar-Major in Her Majesty's Army. ALI AHMAD. and was conferred on January 1. and was conferred on February 16. Risaldar. 1898. 1875. ALAM SHAH. in 1824. ALAM KHAN.See Muhammad. Residence : Kotla Nihang. 1883. b. The title was conferred on June 22. Residence: Bastar. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Mir. 1887. Received the title on May 21. Rai Bahadur. Punjab. The Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on January 8. ALAM CHAND. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Lahore. Punjab. Khan Bahadur. Rai Saheb. Khan Saheb. and the Sardar is descended from Sardar Jai Singh. and they were recog- . derived his titles from the Carnatic Nawab . Residence: With 1st Punjab Cavalry.

taking the name of Shadab Khan. The title is hereditary. Sind. ALI BAHADUR KHAN (of Saidpur). Was granted he personal title . Jhelum. and his descendants long ruled in the neighbourhood of Bhimbar . Residence: Jabalpur. Mir. Residence: Madras. Residence : Shikarpur. the Mir beiig a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexaion. TH title is held for life. Residence : Shikarpur. The title is hereditary. and the Raja) son is named Ali Akbar Khan. Raja. Residence : Shikarpur. See Muhammad.nized by Government in December. Punjab. Muhammal. Sadip Chand. The Raja is a Chib Rajput of very ancient descent. and one of the latter.. Mir. Central Provinces. 1829. Major. Hi* ancestor. Chib Chand. Residence : Saidpur. adopted the Mahammadan faith in the Court of 1ne Emperor Babar. ALI AHMAD KHAN tvalad NASIR KHAN. ALI BAKHSH KHAN wdad FAZL MUHAMMAD KHAN. Maulavi Sayyid. Kkh Bahadur. The title was conferred on May 26. b. 1893. ALI DOST SAHEB. ALI AHMAD KHAN. 1894. and was confirmed by that monarch in his possession. Khan Bahadur. Sind. ALI BEG. ALI BAKHSH KHAN *Ud AHMAD ALI KHAN. and the Mir is descended from one of the Mirs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Sind. Ml The title is held for life. the Mir being ajdescendant of one of the Mirs of Sindat the time of the annexation.

Residence JAgror. 1878. Is Khan of Agror. ALT HUSAIN KHAN. Oudh. Bahadur. as that of one of the descendants of the Mirs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 1877. His titles were originally conferred by the late Muhammad Ali Shah. Shujdat Jang. He is the grandson of the late Saadat Ali Khan. ALI DURKHANw¬´/a4 MAM BAKHSH KHAN. Sind. Residence : Lucknow. AH GAUHAR KHAI. Khan Bahadur. ALI HASAN KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. Mustakim Jang. Kiug of Oudh. and were recognized by Government. The title is persoal. December 4. in 1837. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs oj Chiefs of Sind at the time of thj annexation (see Khairpur). King of Oudh . 878. Residence: Lucknow. and was conferred on June 9. Mir. Oudh. The title is personal. The title is held for life. and was originally conferred by the late Muhammad Ali Shah. Bahadur. Moras. Is grandson of the late Saadat Ali Khan. 1877. Shams-ud-dauld Mukhtar-ul-Mulk. formerly King of Oudh. Residence: Arcot. The title is held for life.of Khan Bahadur onJanuary 1. Residnce: Shikarpur. King of Oudh . Residence: Shikarpur. and his title was recognized December 4. Mir. . Punjab. Amir-ud-dauld Ihtisham-ul-Mulk. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA All HASAN KHAN. Sind.

Residence: Shikarpur. Sardar Mirza Bahadur. Mirza Muhammad. The title is personal. Sind. and was conferred on January 1. 1898. Residence : Monghyr. b. ALI KHAN. and his title is a courtesy title. 1891. H. Prince. 1887. ALI KHAN. in consideration of his social position and learning. Residence : Jaunpur. Rajputana. The second title (Mir) is hereditary. Hafiz. ALI MAZHAR SAHIB. as His Highness is descended from the old Mirs or Chiefs of Sind. (q. 1835. All MUHAMMAD. The first title is personal. 1888. ALI MUHAMMAD SHAD. Mir. Sind. Sayyid. 1890. Residence : Karur. H.v. Connected with the Carnatic family. Residence : Tonk. Residence: . Bengal. The Prince is the fourteenth son of the late King of Oudh.) . ALI JAN. Residence : Calcutta. Received the title for services as Member of Council of the Tonk State. The title was conferred on February 16. CLE. Is the son of Mirza Khusro Beg. and was granted the title on January 1. personal to himself. Sayyid. 1877. Mirza. Residence : Hyderabad. Northwestern Provinces. "Was granted the personal title on June 1. Khan Bahadur. The Nawdb had received the title of Khan Bahadur on January 1. Khan Bahadur. Madras. Nawdb. Mir. The title is hereditary. Is a descendant of the same family as the Nawab Bahadur Vilayat Ali Khan. Bengal. ALI MAD AD KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN. Khan Saheb. Khdn Bahadur.ALI HUSAIN. on May 21.

1897. Muhammad. Residence : Shikarpur. Sind. Central Provinces. Rao Bahadur of. Bengal. Residence : Hyderabad. Mir. ALI NAWAZ KHAN walad GHULAM SHAH KHAN. The title was conferred on February 16. ALI MURAD KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN. Khdn Saheb. Mir. See Muhammad. Rdjd. The title is personal. Jamadar. and was continued for life in 1896. Bengal. ALIM KHAN. The title was conferred on January 1. C. Residence : Tippera. 1898. Khdn Bahadur. 1887. ALI NAKI KHAN. Khdn Bahadur. The title is personal. Jabalpur. The title is hereditary. Residence: Murwara. Residence : With 20th Bengal Infantry. September 1. and the Mir is a son of the Mir Ahmad Khan of the Shahwani branch of the Talpur family. Maulavi Muhammad. Chhatarpati. The Rao . ALI RAJA (of Cannanore). ALI NAWAB CHAUDHRI. . ALIPURA. b. See Muhammad. Mir. 1835. Mirza Bahadur. Maulavi Sayyid. A ruling chief. Khdn Bahadur. ALI NAWAB CHAUDHRI. Sind. See Musa.S. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Residence : Hyderabad. ALI MURAD KHAN walad FATEH KHAN. ALIMUDDIN. for good military service. The title was conferred on June 22.I. Kazi.Patna. Is Tahsildar of Murwara. formerly Amirs of Sind. Sind.

1853.891. and succeeded to the Raj on November 3. He is a Rajput (Hindu) of the Parihar clan. and 3 guns. chiefly Hindus. but including nearly 19. its population 14. and is descended from the Rao Mukund Singh.827. when the additional title of Bahadur was granted as a personal distinction at the Delhi Imperial Assemblage. He was born about the year 1881. on February 15. Rana Partab Singh. He is a Sisodiya Rajput. and succeeded to the Raj on February 14. The Rao Bahadur was created a C. Rdnd of.S. 1887. The area of the State is 836 square miles. but Rao only was used until the year 1877. Bundelkhand. A ruling chief. Residence : Alipura. chiefly Hindus. The area of the State is 69 square miles. Rao Pratap Singh. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. He maintains a military force of 6 cavalry. said to be descended from the family of His Highness the Mahdrdnd of Udaipur. The old title of the family was Sewai Rao . 1871. 277 infantry.000 Bhils. received a sanad from the British Government in 1808.of Alipura was born on August 29. and 7 guns. . its population is 56. whose grandson. and maintains a military force of 11 cavalry. ALIBAJPUR. 169 infantry. 10 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA a Sarddr of Panna. 1891. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India.I. Central India. The Rana is entitled to a salute of 9 guns.

Residence: Bellary. ALLAH BAKHSH KHAN. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction. Sind. Khan Bahadur. ALLAH YAR KHAN. Mir. in promotion from that of Khan Saheb. formerly Amirs of Sind. Madras. January 2. The title has been continued for life. ALLAH BAKHSH. Residence : Rawalpindi. for the same reason as above. 1895. Sind. ALLAH BAKHSH KHAN walad ALADITTA KHAN. Sind. Residence: Hyderabad. ALLAH BAKHSH walad GHULAM HUSAIN KHAN. The title has been continued for life. Mir. Mir. October 1. Residence: Dera Ghazi Khan. Saddozai. Residence: Shikarpur. Karyal. Received the title on June 3. Bhopdwar. ALLAH RAKHIO KHAN walad ALADITTA KHAN. Khan Saheb. Munshi. Central India. The title is hereditary.Residence : Alirdjpur. Punjab. b. Mir . Khan Saheb. Maulavi Sayyid. 1893. ALI-UD-DIN SAHEB. Punjab. Residence : Shikdrpur. The title was conferred on January 1. Sind. Residence: Shikarpur. The title is hereditary. ALLAH BAKHSH wafo^ALI BAKHSH. 1865. The title was conferred on May . the Mir being a son of Mir Ali Bakhsh of the Shahwani branch of the Talpur family. Khdn Saheb. 1899.

and held the government of the Derajat under the Nawab of Multan. On his death in 1816 he was succeeded by Hafiz Ahmad Khan. Punjab. and the present Nawdb. Residence: Kohdt. the founder of the family. ALLAHDAD KHAN. Baluchistan. C. Nawdb Sarfaraz Khan. Sarbuland Khan. He was succeeded by his son. and the first Nawab of Mankerah. ALLAHDAD KHAN walad AHMAD KHAN. Mir. besieged and took Mankerah. subsequently concluded. He was succeeded by his son.21. possession of the Mankerah territory. Mir. Sind. Punjab. however. in 1889. The title is hereditary. A treaty was. after the conquest of Multan. Shah Nawaz Khan. his daughter's son. and in the latter's time. ALLAHYAR KHAN (Khan of Hangu).I. who was the great-grandfather of the present Nawab. The title of Khdn Bahddur was conferred on January 1. and the latter by his son. and took up his residence at Bhakkar on the Indus.1887. Residence: Dera Ismail Khdn. 1895. the Mir being a Jdgirddr and a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Residence: Khanak and Barkhan. ALLAHDAD KHAN. Raisani. Punjab. Nawdb Sarfardz Khan. was an Afghan of the Saddozai. Residence : Hyderabad. through the Kabul Government. Nawdb. succeeded his father. Khdn Bahadur. The title was conferred on February 16. the present Nawab.S. by which the Nawdb was left in possession of a considerable territory. Residence : Shahpur. Khan Bahadur. . Ranjit Singh. Subsequently he obtained. a ruling race of Kabul. 1898. The title is hereditary.

1891. he assumed the title of Maharao Raja. and was conferred on February 1. Thakur of. Miyan (of Muzaffarnagar). Residence: Peshawar. Sind. on bringing the whole of Alwar into subjection. 1889. G. Punjab. His Highness the Maharaja Sawai of. Residence : Alva. ALUMAL TRIKAMDAS BHOJVANI. Khan Bahadur. The title is personal. and its population consists chiefly of aboriginal Bhils. on becoming Raja of Rajgarh. and is a Muhammadan of Rajput descent. Rao Saheb. The area of the State . ALVA (REWA KANTHA). Thakur Rasul Khan. ALWAR.d.C. Rao of Macheri. Was born about the year 1875. and proclaimed his independence in 1770 a. Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness the Maharaja Sawai Sir Mangal Singh Bahadur. A ruling chief. and subsequently. Rao Bahadur. and is descended from Pratap Singh. Bombay. Residence : Karachi. He is a Rajput (Hindu) of the Naruka clan. The area of the State is about 3 square miles.I. His Highness the Maharaja is a minor. took the title of Rao Raja of Macheri .THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 11 ALTAF HUSAIN. The latter. Rewa Kantha. on the death of the late Maharaja. and only succeeded to the Raj in the year 1892.S. The title was conferred on January 1. The family was an offshoot from the ruling family of Jaipur.

North-Western Provinces. The title is hereditary. 3676 infantry. to whom the Raja's daughter was married.2.000 Muhammadans). Babu. Bombay. Khandesh. Residence : Hamirpur. The revenue of the State is Rs. chiefly Hindus (but including more than 150. His Highness is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. is about 119 square miles in area . and 351 guns. AMAR NATH. and its population. that Raja Chhatarsal gave the village of Salaiyah in Pargana Panwari in dowry to Sabha Singh. Jalandhar. Rao. The title was conferred on January 1. and is of Bhil descent. Rai Saheb. and maintains a military force of 2189 cavalry. and the traditional account of its origin is. &lt. Residence: Nur Mahl. Rao Aman Singh's grandfather was Rao Nawal Singh. Residence: Amala. Konknas. Panwar Thakur. . Rai Saheb . The Raja was born about the year 1841. b. 1896.926. which consists chiefly of Bhils. Raja Ratan Singh. and other aboriginal tribes. Raja of. Babu. AMANAT FATIMA (of Basitnagar).658. Punjab. in Khandesh. See Basitnagar. 1896. Residence: Alwar. its population 682. Bey am. Rajputana. The State. 1849. which the family have ever since enjoyed. together with the title of Rao. is about 5300. Residence : Kashmir. A ruling chief. August 14.is 3024 square miles . Title conferred for good service on January 1. b. AMAN SINGH. AMAR NATH. 1876. which is one of the Dang States.972. AMALA.

Diwan. and is descended from Sardar Sujan Singh. Punjab. Punjab. Residence : Muzaffarnagar. Rai. K.Western Provinces. His successors were reduced to submission by Sardar Fateh Singh Ahluwalia.I. Received the title on May 21. and built a fort at Ramgarh. 1858. The family is of Jat origin. Residence: Ramgarh. Rai Saheb. Sarddr . Is Vice-President of the Jammu and Kashmir State Council. conquered Ramgarh and the adjoining territories. The title is hereditary. The family is of Rajput origin. 1891. 12 . Ambala. Residence: Shahkot. AMAR SINGH. The title was conferred on August 30. AMAR SINGH (of Balloki). AMAR SINGH. and subsequently by the Maharaja Ran jit Singh of Lahore. Is Governor of Jammu. Jalandhar. AMAR SINGH. who took possession of Shahkot and ten neighbouring villages in 1759 on the decline of the Mughal Empire. Mian.S. and claims descent from Singar Chand Raja of Bilaspur (Kahlur). A descendant of Raja Singar Chand. The title is hereditary. The title is hereditary. Rdjd Sir. b. North. Was created a Knight Commander of the most Exalted Order of the Star of India on November 11. named Khushal Singh. AMAR SINGH (of Ramgarh). Residence : Srinagar.AMAR NATH. Punjab. Kashmir. Residence: Jammu. Punjab. 1859. Sarddr. Residence : Jalandhar. 1898.C.

of the High Court. Nawdb of. .S. of which he has been the elected Chairman ever since the introduction of the elective system. C. son of the late Babu Durga Prasad Bai.. Amarendranath Rai. 1894. Is twelfth in descent from Raja Gajendranath Rai.I. B. Devendranath Rai. Sarddr. Residence: Amritsar.B. See Muhammad Akram Khan. The title was conferred on September 28. AMBADAS SANTIR. but removed to Behala towards the close of the last century. at Behala. on account of the Mahratta raids. Rai Saheb. Satyendranath Rai . See Seshaya. He has four sons — Surendranath Rai. Residence: Behala.A. The family was settled at Anarpur near Dum-dum. See Eaghunath Singh. Rai Bahadur. Sir. 1895. Calcutta. Rdjd of. The title was conferred on May 25. Residence : Jalandhar. Bengal. Bahadur. Berar.L. The title is hereditary. who was a Minister in the Court of Delhi in the reign of the Emperor Jahangir. AMB. AMB. especially in connection with the South Suburban Municipality. near Calcutta.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA AMAR SINGH (of Naugaza). Punjab. for meritorious service as SubadarMajor in the 5th Bombay Infantry. AMBIKA CHARAN RAI. Residence: Wun. Punjab. The Rai Bahadur has taken an active and enlightened part in municipal affairs.. AMAKAVATI SHESHAYA SHASTRI. 1827. AMBAR SINGH. b.

AMIN CHAND (of Bijwara). Is a Puisne Judge of the High Court of Calcutta. Residence : Shikarpur.AMETHI. Sayyid. AMIR BAKHSH. for eminent oriental scholarship. AMIN KHAN. 1896. Resi- . Sayyid* Khdn Bahadur. his son is Ram Chand. 1896. Sarddr Bahadur. February 15. Sayyid. Rdjd of. Residence: North-Western Provinces. 1894. Hoshiarpur. Khdn Bahadur. AMIR ALI KHAN walad FAZL MUHAMMAD KHAN. Residence: Ludhiana. 1887. in recognition of his position as an eminent member of the Calcutta Bar. 1877. The Hon. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. CLE. Shams-ulVlama. See Muhammad. Mir. Punjab. Khan Khel. AMIR All. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. AMIR ALI. Punjab. Khdn Bahadur. The Sardar Bahadur is of a Khatri family. He was created a Com- panion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Belongs to a family that claims descent from the Prophet. See Bhagwan Bakhsh Singh of Amethi. The title was conferred on January 1. The title was conferred on February 16. Received the title of Khan Saheb on January 1. AMIR AHMAD. 1887. Residence: Bijwara. Residence: Calcutta. The title has been continued for life. Sind. The title was conferred on January 1. Muhammad.

1898. Rdjd. Maulavi Sayyid. K. Residence: Allahabad. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. . on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. AMJAD ALI. of Mahmudabad . Khdn Saheb. AMIR HUSAIN. Jamadar. AMIR HASAN. 1888. Received the title on January 1. Sir Muhammad. Central Provinces. Khdn Saheb. The title is personal. Residence: Hazara. 1887. 1853.. Khdn. 1892. for military services. AMIR MUHAMMAD KHAN. 1898. AMIR SHAH. Khdn Bahadur. E. CLE. Malik. 1892. Sayyid. C I. North-Western Provinces. on January 1. Shamsul-Ularna. 1899. 1897. Residence: Calcutta. Residence: Nagpur. and received the title of Nawab on January 1. The title was conferred. AMIR HASAN KHAN. Punjab. The Khan Bahadur received the title on May 25. North-Western Provinces. Residence: Allahabad. Punjab. Khdn Bahddur. in recognition of high attainments in Arabic and Persian. and that of Nawab Bahadur on May 21. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . AMIR KHAN. January 1. Nawdb Bahadur. and was conferred February 16. See Muhammad. b. The title is hereditary. Khdn Saheb. Sayyid.dence: AMIR BAKHSH. Residence: With 11th Bengal Lancers. Residence: Lahore. Received the title on June 3.

who is a Hindu of Koli (aboriginal) descent. Residence: Amliyara. Chhachi. Residence: Rawalpindi. b. In 1857 the present Sardar (then Amrik Singh. The Thakur. Honorary Magistrate of Delhi. Sarddr. Sarddr Bahadur. Mahi Kantha. Punjab. and for his loyalty in the time of the Mutiny received an additional jdgir. . 1876. AMMEMBALA VENKATEAMANA POI. Eeceived the title on June 3. Thakur of. The title was conferred for eminent services in the Mutiny. Residence : Madras. AMLIYARA. Sayyid. A ruling chief. Residence: Delhi. Is son of Sardar Nehal Singh. Sardar Nehal Singh did valuable service to Government in the rebellion of 1848 . where they did excellent service. Rdwat of. and was allowed to take the name of Chhachi and to succeed to his father-in-law's jdgir. Punjab. Thakur Jalamsinghji Amarsinghji. who married the only daughter of Sardar Gurmukh Singh. and a population (chiefly Hindu) of 12. See Jalam Singh.437. 1836. The State (which is in Mahi Kantha. AMODA. Bombay. was born about the year 1860. His son is Sayyid Kasim Ali. AMRIK SINGH. Son of Sayyid Anwar Ali. 1899.13 AMJAD All. Rao Bahadur. eldest son of Sardar Nehal Singh) raised a risala of mounted police and took them down to Oudh. The title is hereditary. Bombay Presidency) contains an area of about 157 square miles. and succeeded to the gadi on April 23.

1898.AMRIK SINGH. Residence: Umrer. Was Subordinate Judge of Tirhut. Residence: Calcutta.I. Burma. ANAND AROYA MUDALIYAR. Central Provinces. 1887. Kyet thaye zanng Salwe yaMin. Mahdrdja Sir P.E. Residence : Egmore. Residence: Bassein. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on February 16. Nagpur. Residence : Ahmadabad. Madras. Received the title on May 20. Bengal. Residence: Bengal.G. Created a CLE. 1898. Hasanwalia. AMRITA NATH MITTER.^ This Burmese title (See Introduction.E. AMTJLAK SHIVDAS. See Vizianagram. 1898. 1895. Vidia Vinodha Avargal. G. Rai Bahadur. Bombay. ANAND CHANDAR SEN. Rao Saheb. Rai Bahadur. . 1897. 1893. Received the title on May 21. January 2. Received the title on January 1. Rai Bahadur. page xii) was conferred on January 1. ANANDA CHARLU. Sardar. on June 22. 1887. The title was conferred on February 16. as a personal distinction. Residence: Tirhut. ANANDA GAJAPATI RAZ. AN.. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. Rai Bahadur. Rai Bahadur. AMRITA LAL CHATTERJI.. 1896. Residence: Punjab. Panappakkam.. T. C. Is Extra Assistant Commissioner of Bassein. Rao Saheb. ANAND RAO. Mating.I. Granted the title of Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on May 25.

1883. Received the title on May 21. P. Rao Bahadur. V. Residence : Bombay. ANANTAMPLLLAI SINGARACHARIYAR. Central India.Janopacara Kirtha. Rai Bahadur. for having restored the ancient bridges at Sivasamudran. Ramaswami Mudaliyar in 1834. ANANTA CHARLU. Biwdn Bahadur. 1854. b.. Title conferred on his great-great-grandfather. The title is personal. Residence: Madras. Residence : Madras. Mandayam. b. 1891.O. The earliest Rajas were Raja Pratapaditya Rai and Raja Basanta Kumar Rai. Madras. and was conferred on May 24. ANANDRAO RAMKRISHNA TALCHERKAR. Residence: Vizianagram. 1898. T. Residence: Mysore City. 1884. Rdjd Rai. See Pananjeri. Received the title on January 2. Residence : Khulna. Rao. 1897. n . ANANTHA CHARULTJ.. It was originally conferred for approved service by the Emperor of Delhi.. The title was conferred on May 21. ANANDATONAI RAI. ANANDI DD* . Rai Bahadur. Granted the personal title on January 1. Residence: Indore. Bengal. 1898. P. Rao Bahadur. This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognized by Government. ANANTARAO PANTULU GARU.

Rai Bahadur. 1891 . Residence : . It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. See Muhammad. Maung Myook.M. Madras. 1898. ANKITAM ACHAYYAMMA. Khan Bahadur. 1890. Residence: Kotah. Rdjd of. Muhammad.D. The title was conferred on January 1. Burma. See Ramchandra. ANWAR-UL-HAK. Rao Saheb. and was conferred on January 1. ANAULA. Rani Sri. Muhammad. See Muhammad. ANWAR-UD-DIN. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. Khan Bahadur. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. ANTAJI RAMCHANDRA JOGLIKAR. 1887. See Mahesh Partab Singh. ANNAVARAPU PUNDARIKAKSHUDU PANTULU. Residence: Legaing. Rani." and is indicated by the letters T. Received the title on May 21. Rajputana. Rao Saheb. The title is personal. Residence : Vizagapatam. after the name. See Pundarikakshudu. Rao Bahadur. 1896. Rao Bahadur. ANTONY. Residence: Calcutta. and was conferred on May 30. The title was conferred on February 16. APPAJI GANESH DANDAKAR. The title is personal. APJI AMAR SINGH.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA ANATH NATH MULLICK. Maulavi.

recognized in 1886. Khan Bahadur. ARCOT THOPPA TIRTJVENKATASWAMI MUDALIYAR. Rai Bahadur. Prince of Arcot.. Sarddr Bahadur. 1899. The Princess of. See Thoppa. Rao Bahadur. ARJAN DAS. Madras. Residence: Ajmir. Raja of. A title. Rai Saheb. See Sheoram Singh. Tanjore. b. See Narayan Swami. APPU SASTRIYAR. ARCOT WINTEL SRINIVASA RAO. Bhai. LALA. . Rao Saheb. Rao Bahadur. ARCOT. 1855. Bombay. Rao Bahadur.Thana. See Wintel. 1889. ARGAL. Residence : Kumbhakonam. Received the title on January 2. and was conferred on April 9. ARBAB. Residence: Madras. Bombay. 1883. ARJAN SINGH. The title is a personal one. The title is personal. and was conferred on May 24. ARCOT. The title is personal. Khan Bahadur. ARCOT NARAYANSWAMI MUDALIYAR. Prince of. S. Residence: Punjab. Was granted the personal title in 1889 for services to education. JVawdb. Residence: Sholapur. APPAJI RAOJI. See Muhammad Munawwar Ali. ARDESAR DORABJI (of Ahmadabad).

Residence : Hoshiarpur. ARUR SINGH (of Naushahara Nangal). Sasddr Kanh Singh. Punjab. Punjab. Sarddr. and ultimately became one of his most powerful Sardars. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . and his eldest son. His son. Residence: Amritsar. took service with the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Sarddr Bahadur. Residence: Punjab. who joined the Kanahayya confederacy. Katha Singh. ARJUN SINGH (of Chahel). that of Sarddr Bahadur was conferred as a personal distinction on January 1. Sarddr Jodla Singh. Sarddr Gurmukh Singh. who had taken possession of Lahore in 1764 . Residence: Amritsar.The title was conferred as a personal distinction on January 1. 1845. Of a Shergil Jat family. The title is hereditary. The title is hereditary. ARJUN SINGH (of Mukerian). Sarddr. Is an extra Assistant Commissioner. was at this time only four years old . Sarddr Jassa Singh. were in the service of the Majithia Chief. so the Mahdrdjd Ranjit Singh resumed many of the jdgirs of the family. father of the present Sarddr. Succeeded his father Sardar Joala Singh in 1852. b. Its founder. He was killed in the battle of Theri on the Yusufzai border. The title of Sardar is hereditary . The Sardar comes of a Chahel Jat family. the founder of the family was Sarddr Mirza Singh. and his son Karm Singh. The Sarddr succeeded the late Sardar Nidhan Singh in 1892. and his grandson. 1894. on the overthrow of the Bhangi chiefs. Punjab. was in the service of the Bhangi Sardars. died of cholera at Kohat. 1898.

1898. 1893.E. The title is personal. Muhammad. Bengal. K. and was conferred on February 16. See Muhammad. The title was conferred on June 22. Residence: Bengal. ASGHAR REZA. Nawdb.C. Khdn Bahadur. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Received the title on May 21. and that of Nawdb on January 1.I. Sarddr. on the occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on January 2.Surgeon.Western Provinces. Khdn Bahadur. Muhammad. Residence: Survey Department. The title is hereditary. Is Assistant. ASHIK ALI KHAN. 1878. ASAD-ULLA KHAN. Bengal.15 ASAD KHAN. 1895. Residence: Baluchistan.. ASDAR All KHAN. 1888. ASHRAF ALI. Maulavi Mirza. Prince. Residence : Meerut. Khdn Bahadur. Mirza Bahadur. Calcutta. on January 1. Shamsul-Ulama. June 3. ASGHAR ALI BEG. Sayyid. Sir. ASGHAR HUMAYUN JAH. as the Sardar is the Chief of the Sarawan Brahuis. Is a prominent Zdmindar (landowner) of Krishnaganj in Purniah. 1887. 1897. See Mirza. . Khdn Bahadur. and a Knight Commander of the same Most Eminent Order. See Muhammad. North. Residence : Purniah.

ASOTHAR. The title was conferred on May 24. Residence: Military Works Department. Prince. ASSA NAND. Residence: Cossimbazar.ASHRAF-UD-DIN AHMAD. Rai Saheb. SubadarMajor. Received the title of Raja on September . Bengal. 1898. Residence: Kurram. ASHTI. Khdn Bahadur. Khdn Bahadur. 1893. See Faujdar Khan. ASKOT. See Narpat Singh. Rdjd. Received the title on May 21. Shaikh. 1893. Bengal. Rdjwdr of. Residence : Calcutta. Rai Bahadur. Lieutenant-Colonel Mirza. as a personal distinction. Lieut-Col. Received the title on May 21. Simla. Sayyid. Residence: Hodeida and Camaran. Received the title on January 1. Mirza. ATA-ULLA KHAN. ATA MUHAMMAD KHAN. See Pushkar Pal. Murshidabad. Created a Khan Bahadur. Raja. ASLAM KHAN. See Muhammad Aslam Khan. Rdjd of. 1889. CLE. 1898. Hon. Khdn Bahadur. on January 2.. Residence: Hughli. Mutawali of the Hughli Imambara. 1898. Bengal. Residence: Kashmir. ASHUTOSH MITTRA. The title was conferred on January 3. ASHUTOSH NATH ROY (of Cossimbazar). ASMAN JAH BAHADUR. ATA MUHAMMAD. Punjab Frontier. Nawdb of. The title is the courtesy title of the second son of the late King of Oudh. Sardar Bahadur.

and twenty-eight generations have intervened between him and the present Raja. A ruling chief. Orissa. and succeeded to the gadi on February 4. The Raja maintains a military force of 341 men. ATHAR ALI. and its population (chiefly Hindus) is about 31. Oudh. who founded this State in very early times by conquest. ATA-ULLA. Rdjd of. This State 16 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . Punjab. ATHGARH. Received the title on June 3. The Raja. The Maharaja. Received the title for eminent learning on June 3. Raja Sri Karan Biswanath Biwarta Patnaik. 1893. ATA-UR-RAHMAN. 1851. Descended from the Raja Niladri Deo Barman.9. Maharaja Mahendra Deo Sawant. The State is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals.000. was born on August 12. 1899. Residence : Athgarh. Residence: Lucknow. Bengal. Shaikh. Khdn Saheb. 1896. Bengal . Residence : Calcutta. Was British Agent at Kabul. 1877. its area is about 168 square miles. who is a Hindu of Kayasth descent. A ruling chief. Mahdrdjd of. 1898. 1891. was born about the year 1848. Shamsul-ulama. Received the title on June 3. who is a Hindu of Kshatriya descent. Maulavi. Khdn Bahadur. Residence : Commissariat Department. Simla. ATHMALIK. Residence : Wazirabad. Munshi. and succeeded to the gadi on February 8.

Hence the State changed its name from . having plotted to dethrone his brother.is said to have been founded by one Pratap Deo. At this time a Raja who was a Dom by caste was ruling on the north of the Mahanadi. where she gave birth to a son. with a view of bringing the aborigines into subjection. In course of time one of the chiefs who ruled after Pratap Deo divided the State into eight subdivisions. who. and although the Raja of Keunjhar sent ambassadors there to bring her back. Pratap Deo refused to allow her to return. Pratap Deo found a hand a (metal top) in a tank which he was excavating there. a brother of the Keunjhar Raja. and as his only son was dead. who. and gave the place and the State the name of Handpa. and a village called Pratap-pur still exists near it. renowned as the garh of the Dom Raja. Balbhadra's wife fled to Bonai. with seven other brothers of the Raja of Jaipur. and settled at Bonai. and of which one of the brothers was made Raja. and becoming ruler of his dominions. and placed a chief over each. he adopted Pratap Deo's nephew as his son and heir. to the present day. of which they took possession. At that time a Brahman named Gobardhan Deo was Raja of Bod. Pratap Deo defeated him. was put to death by him. The remaining five brothers fled for their lives to the hills. and went with her to Ramganj in Bod. founded a village and named it Pratap-pur after himself. came with their families on a pilgrimage to Puri. For some reason or other they had a quarrel with the Raja of Puri. by whom two of the brothers were put to death. The elevated plain across the Handpagarh is. The sister of this Raja of Bonai married Balbhadra Bhanj.

Rani. The Maharaja has a military force of 360 men and one gun. Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Residence : Survey Department. AULAD HUSAIN. The title was conferred. Orissa. Residence : Lahore. Sarddr. ATMA RAM. Bengal. on January 1. whose sons were dispossessed of much of their territory by the Maharaja Ran jit Singh of Lahore. The title is hereditary.Handpa to Athmalik (" eight chiefs "). Sarddr. See Mumtaz Ali Khan.774. Khdn Bahadur. Residence : Maloha. as a personal distinction. Calcutta. Punjab. ATTAR SINGH (of Maloha). Ambala. See Jagmohan Singh. descended from the Sardar Dyal Singh.E. and was conferred on January 2. 1882. The title was conferred on January 1. 1897. C. ATTA-ULLAH. ^ but there are more than 5000 aboriginal hillmen. on January 1. The State (which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals) has an area of 730 square miles. See Ata-ulla. Shaikh. Punjab. 1877.. The title was conferred on June 22. ATRAULA. ATRA CHANDAPUR. and the Sardar belongs to a Khatri family. 21. ATMA SINGH (of Padhana). Khdn Saheb. . Residence : Athmalik. Rdjd of. Madras. 1896. 1888. is chiefly Hindu . AUKITHAM ACHAYAMMA GARU (of Vizagapatam). Bdjd of. Rai Saheb. Its population. The title is personal.I. Residence : Vizagapatam.

M.25. Maung. Residence : Ye-u. and Bhagwant Rao. Pant Pratinidhi of." and was conferred on the Pratinidhi Parashuram Trimbak during the reign of Raja Rajaram Maharaj of Satara. . who is a Hindu Chief of Brahman descent. was born on November 27. The State was formerly a feudatory.000 to the Raja of Satara. 1848. The title of Pant was adopted by Parashuram Pratinidhi in 1846. 1894. Residence : Aundh. and was conferred on June THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 17 1. The title is personal. Bombay. Gangadhar Rao. He was a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council from 1866 to 1868. Satara. Residence : Myotha. Burma. and this was indicated by the title Pratinidhi. AUNDH. He has four sons — Parashuram Rao. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. 1888. The Pant Pratinidhi of Aundh. which meant "the likeness or representation of the Raja. AUNG MIN. Central Provinces. It means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour.Residence: Jabalpur. AUNG GYI.S. and succeeded to the gadi on June 11. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on January 1. 1833." and is indicated by the letters K. after the name. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. of Satara. Shrinivas Parashuram. Bhawan Rao. Mating. A ruling chief. on which occasion he paid a nazar of Rs. Burma.

. Raj a of. Residence : Kumbakonam. Madras. with a scanty population of about 500 Bhils. Rai Bahadur. Punjab. AYODHYANATH MISR SAMAVEDI. Received the title on June 1.. Rao Bahadur. Residence: Burma. Residence: Walavanad. Residence : Avchar. M. Bengal. for eminence in oriental scholarship. Pandit . AYYASWAMI. AVCHAR. 1887. A ruling chief. AYYASWAMI SHASTRIYAR. Succeeded the late Raja Rama Varma as head of this great Samarta family in 1892. and was conferred on January 1. 1897. 1890. The Naik. 1888. Madras. who is a Bhil (of aboriginal descent).AUNG ZAN. 1890. Residence: Jhelum. Is hereditary Raja of Walavanad. AWA. Maung. Bombay) is about 8 square miles. 1894. The area of the State (which is one of the Dang States in Khandesh. Naik Yeshwant Badal. Madras. Received the title on February 16. Raja. Residence: Cuddapah. AYIRANAZHE KOVDLAGAM PONNU UNNI. The title was conferred on May 26. Munshi. Khandesh. Naik of. was born about the year 1877. Mahdmahopddhydya. AURANGZEB KHAN. Bombay. the title having been recognized on December 16. B. The title is personal (entitling the holder to take rank in Darbar immediately after Rajas). PDLLAI. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. See Balwant. Residence: Muzaffarpur. Khan Bahadur. The title {see above) was conferred on June 22..

AZHAR HUSAIN. Khdn Bahadur. Khdn Saheb. AZAM SHAH. Khdn Bahadur. and was conferred on May 20. The title is hereditary. 1890. 1890. Punjab. Central Provinces. Khan Bahadur. Khdn Bahadur. AZIM HUSAIN KHAN. Residence: Hyderabad. 1886. 1899. Residence: Medical Department. Residence: Gauhatti. Residence : With 5th Punjab Cavalry. The title was conferred on June 22. The title of Khan Bahadur is personal. India. Received the title on June 3. Residence: Nagpur.AZAM. The title is personal. and was recognized by Government on December 16. Muhammad (of . Residence: Madras. AZIM KHAN. Sind. The title is personal. Raja. 1895. Residence: Dera Ismail Khan. Khdn. Kundi. Khdn Bahadur. Kazi Sayyid. AZMAT ALI KHAN. 1897. Khdn Saheb. Assam. AZIM-UD-DIN SAYYID GHUIAM M0HID-UD-DIN. The title was conferred on May 25. Muhammad. for distinguished military services. AZIZ-ULLA. AZIM KHAN. A prefix. 1865. Arbab. AZIZ MUHAMMAD KHAN. and was conferred on July 30. Residence: Poona. and was conferred on January 25. The title was originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. AZIZ-UD-DIN. See Muhammad. Akhund(of Matare).

During the Mahratta war Muhamdi Khan aided the British forces. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Is of a Jat family. It is indicated by the letters A. were in the service of the Mahrattas at the head of 200 horsemen. BA BWA. b. Mating. 18 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BA. who are styled Mandul Naushirwani. Residence : Thongwa. North-Western Provinces. Punjab. It is indicated by the letters A. claiming descent from King Naushirwan. 1895. and his services were suitably recognized on the restoration of order. 1891. Residence : Minbu. T. 1833. Muhamdi Khan. Mating. and his two brothers. Residences: Karnal. Myook. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min.Karnal). and were rewarded by a grant of extensive lands in Muzaffarnagar and elsewhere. and the further addition of Bahadur on January 1. after the name. The present Nawab formally received that title in 1868. most loyally aided the Government with all his retainers. the Nawab Ahmad Ali Khan. great-grandfather of Nawab Azmat Ali Khan. T. after the name. one-third of which descended to the ancestor of Nawab Azmat Ali Khdn. and Jaroda. JVaicdb Bahadur. During the disturbances of 1857. Burma. M. . The title was conferred on January 1. Myook. and at its close exchanged his lands in the Doab for the Pargana of Karnal. Muzaffarnagar. father of the present Nawab. The title was conferred on January 1. 1892. M.

Residence : Ambala. S. The title was conferred on May 29. The title was conferred on February 16. after the name. Burma. K.Burma. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. BABAN SINGH (of Malaudh). 1887. Received the title on May 21. The title is hereditary. Punjab. BABHNIPAIR. It is indicated by the letters K. 1898. 1898. Burma. A prefix. Bombay. 1886. M. Punjab. Residence: Poona. Rdjd of. after the name. It is indicated by the letters K. See Amar. M. Residence : Rangoon. BABA. It is indicated by the letters T. S. Residence : Henzada. Residence: Kallar. Sir. B ABU. after the name. Rai Saheb. The title is hereditary. Maung. the Sardars of . BA U. Burma. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min.I. D. BABURAO BHALCHANDRA ONKAR. Manng. 1887. Sarddr. BA TU. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. BA WA. Rao Bahadur.C. and a Knight Commander of the same on January 1. BABA KHEM SINGH BEDI. Sarddr. Residence : Salwin. Manng. BACHITTAR SINGH (of Shahabad). BABU AMAR NATH. A prefix. The title was conferred on February 16. M. See Lob Singh. January 1.E. 1897.

1877. The title was conferred on January 1. See Shankar Dat Dube. Mnkim. while one-sixteenth of the whole sum was excused in perpetuity. Residence : Buldana. when Malaudh was attacked by the Kukas. Punjab. BADR-UD-DIN HAIDAR. Muhammad. and Nabha. 1894. and therefore of the same stock with the Phulkian Chiefs of Patiala. 1833. Residence : Mysore. The title was conferred on February 24. Khan Bahadur. Rai Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. Sarddr Badan Singh was badly wounded by the rebels. Bengal.Malaudh (like those of Bhadaur) being descendants of Phul. Residence: Calcutta. BADLAPUR. The title was conferred on May 20. Khwaja. Barar. In 1857 he showed conspicuous loyalty. Jind. 1896. Rdjd of. b.. BADR-TJD-DIN. .Calcutta. 1882. Manlavi. being always ready with men and money to assist the Government. Khan Bahadur. Residence. he received as a reward the remission of a year's commutation money. BADRI DAS. The family is Jat Sidhu. Ludhiana. and himself fighting in person at the battles of Mudki and Firuzshahr. supplying fifty horsemen. and conquered the district of Malaudh from the Afghans of Maler Kotla in 1 754. Residence : Malaudh. did good service during the war of 1845-46. In 1872. on the occasion of the celebration of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. BADI-UD-DIN. who. The title was conferred on January 1. Sardar Badan Singh's father was Sardar Mit Singh. with his brother Fateh Singh.

The Rai Bahadur's ancestors held the office of Minister of Kumaon in the time of the Chand and Gurkha Raj.Western Provinces. BADU RAMASWAMI NAYUDU. Raja Moti Singh . BADRI PARSHAD. when the present . BAGHAL. and conquered THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 19 Baghal at an unknown date. Residence : Almora. Kishan Singh.BADRI DAT JOSHI. North. 1878. and was succeeded by his infant son. 1897. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Rao Bahadur. Residence : Shahj ahanpur. but after their expulsion in the latter year. the Puar chief (about twenty-fifth in descent from Uj jab De) was recognized by Government. A ruling chief . See Ramaswami. Rdjd of. Rai Bahadur. North. b. The title was conferred on February 16. who had been raised to the rank of Raja in 1875. October 4. Pandit. Rai Bahadur. b. 1877.Western Provinces. The title was conferred on June 22. who came from Ujjain. about 1841. Belongs to a Puar Rajput (Hindu) family. The State was overrun by the Gurkhas from Nepal between 1803 and 1815. descended from Ujjab De. but the latter also died on October 12. 1830. 1887. Raja Dhyan Singh. died on July 23. Succeeded to the gadi July 26. 1877.

to Umaid Singh. succeeded.633. had been unfriendly . a collateral descendant of Ujjab De. Succeeded to the gadi on January 31.130.Kaja. but in 1861 Lord Canning restored it. chiefly Hindus. The Rana was created a Companion of the Most Eminent . 1862. Belongs to a Rajput family. The title was conferred on May 24. and the State was at first again treated as lapsed . Punjab. the ancestor of whom came fromDorar Nagri in the Deccan. In January 1862 a sanad was granted to Rana Dalip Singh. 1839. 1860. But before the sanad conferring the grant could be prepared. Punjab. Rana Dalip Singh. Rand of A ruling chief . BAGHAL SINGH. Umaid Singh died.000 and the remaining fourth was granted to Rand Mohindar Singh and his heirs. and his last request was that his son Dalip Singh might succeed him. for good and loyal conduct. a cousin of the late Rana. Residence: Baghal. chiefly Hindus. and the State was at first treated as lapsed . The area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) is about 124 square miles . so on the expulsion of the Gurkhas. Residence : Sialkot. BAGHAT. He died without issue on July 11. brother of Mohindar Singh.. The Raja maintains a military force of 150 infantry and 1 gun. The area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) is about 60 square miles . CLE. He died in January 1849. Rai Bahadur. During the Gurkha wars (1803-15) the conduct of the then chief. Rana Mohindar Singh. its population 8339. b. three-fourths of the Baghat State was sold to Patiala for Rs. 1883. its population 20. but in 1842 Lord Ellenborough restored it to Rana Bije Singh. arid acquired possession of the State by conquest. leaving no direct heir.

CLE. BAGLI. Bombay. Residence : Junagarh. Residence: Bagli. 1892. He maintains a military force of 25 soldiers. Residence : Nao Hissar. Khan Saheb. Punjab. who was thegrandsonof His late Majesty Shujdud-daula. Ajahat Sir JDeshmvkh. King of Oudh. and was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on June 3. Central India. Shekh. Kathiawar. Baluchistan. Thakur Raghunath Singh. b. The Shekh is Vazir of His Highness the Nawab of Junagarh. Thdkurof. 1898. Raja of. See Sarf araz Begam. Khan Saheb. Nawdb Bahadur. Oudh. BAHADUR ALI KHAN. . Rao Saheb. Residence: Baghat. The title was conferred on January 1. 1860. Quetta. Its population is 14.645. 1893. so that its exact area is not known. and succeeded to the gadi in January 1869. 1896. Indore. Punjab. Residence: Lucknow. BAHADUR KHAN. BAHA-UD-DIN. A ruling chief . Received the title on May 21. Malik. The Thakur is descended from a Rahtor Rajput family (Hindu). BAHA-UD-DIN. See Ramchandra Narayan Mantri. BAGNI. chiefly Hindus. BAHADUR SINGH. The Nawab Bahadur is the son of the Nawdb Amir Ali Khan. Thakur. The State is enclosed within that of Gwalior. B AH ADURNAGAR. Residence : Thang.Orderof the Indian Empire on January 1. Nawdb-i-Amb.

on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Muhammad Sadik Khan was Governor of Bahawalpur under the Sikh Government.. whose ancestor came from Sind about the middle of the eighteenth 20 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA century. The title was conferred on January 1. and consolidated his power. BAHAR MAL. See Masuda. Nawdb of. the Nawab Bahawal Khan I.CS. in 1862. BAHADUR SINGH (of Sarekha).CLE. By the treaties of Lahore between the British Government and the Maharaja Kanjit Singh. and the chiefs of his clan retained virtual independence till his second son. was succeeded by his younger son. Saadat . Thakur of.L. A ruling chief . The Nawab rendered faithful assistance to the Government in the first Afghan war . and thereby Bahawalpur was protected from the Sikhs. and during the siege of Multan the troops of Bahawal Khan III. BAHAWALPUR. Residence: Merwara. His Highness Ruknud-Daula Nasrat Jang Hafiz-ul-Mulk Mukhlis-ud-Daula Nawab Sir Sadik Muhammad Khan Bahadur. Succeeded to the gadi in 1866. b. 1877. Thakur of. co-operated with Sir Herbert Edwardes. G. See Sarekha. the latter was confined to the right bank of the Satlej . Belongs to a Daudputra (Muhammadan) family. Thdkur. Rao. reduced the whole tribe. Bahawal Khan III.

comprising primary. Courts of Justice have been established. the present Nawab. under the general control of a Chief Court. and superior education.494. so that there might be no break in continuity of system on the Nawab's coming of age. and is en- . and during his minority the administration was placed in British hands. A stud farm for improving the breed of horses has been placed under the scientific supervision of a trained Forest Conservator. and are highly popular. middle. that the young Nawab should be supported .Yar Khan . The area of the State is 17. 1352 infantry.272 Hindus.285 square miles. He died in 1858. with 91. has been set on foot . Since then vast improvements have been made in the irrigation system of the country. native officers being appointed. Haji Khan. leaving his son. however. and 11 guns. but the latter was subsequently deposed by his elder brother. and was succeeded by his son. It was resolved. He had tof ace some serious rebellions. presided over by three native gentlemen. who assumed the name of Bahawal Khan IV. and new canals constructed in several parts of the territory. Existing works have been entirely remodelled. a central jail has been built. Three new towns have been founded. a boy of only four years old. and died suddenly in 1866. and the prison system greatly improved. which depends upon inundation canals for the greater part of its cultivation. in a difficult and dangerous position. chiefly Muhammadans. A system of Public Instruction. His Highness the Nawab Bahadur maintains a military force of 443 cavalry. who after his victory assumed the name of Fateh Muhammad Khan. the result of which is that the revenues have nearly doubled . by the Paramount Power. its population is 573.

1898. 1877. Rai Saheb. Rdjd Bahadur. Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. 1889. Rai Bahadur. See Muhammad Bahram Sbah. Indore. Residence: Bai. BAIDYA. The title was conferred on January 1. Punjab . BAIJ NATH. and that of Raja Bahadur on January 1. Residence : Calcutta. Rai Bahadur. Residences : The Palace. Thakur Manrup Singh. BAIKANTHA NATH DE. that of Raja on January 1. Lala. Bengal. Thdkurof. 1880. A ruling chief. Lahore. BAIDYANATH PANDIT. 1894. Received the title for eminent services as a Sub. BAI (INDORE). 1889.Judge. Bahawalpur. North. He was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. BAHRAM SHAH. The title was conferred on January 1. Received the title on January 1. on May 21. 1892. Residence : North-Western Provinces. and succeeded to the gadi in 1880. Shdhzdda. Residence : Cuttack. BAIJ NATH SAHAY. Bahawalpur House. Residence : Gaya. The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred on January 1.titled to a salute of 17 guns.Western Provinces. 1898. See also Boydo. BAIKANTHA NATH BASU. Central India. BAIJNATH SINGH. Residence : Mirzapur. Residence: Balasor. Raja Bahadur. Bengal. Bengal. . Muhammad (of Rassapagla). 1898. November 16.

of which Kuch Behar was an important part. BAIKUNTA NARAYAN SINGH. Rdni." which is of high antiquity. Jalpaiguri. Raikat of. For the head of the family. The Raja is the Zaminddr of Tundi in Manbhum.BAIKANTHPUR. They have the following system of titles for the various members of the family of the Zaminddr or proprietor of the Rdj. especially in Bengal) which have never been officially recognized by Government. and THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 21 the title "Kaikat. for his wife. The present Raikat is stated to be the twentieth in succession who has inherited the title . . and during the last Bhutan war the family rendered good service to Government. This is one of those customary titles (of which there are many. be regarded as only courtesy titles. The family is said to be descended from a brother of the founder of the Kuch Behar Raj . Rdjd. Rdjd . This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally recognized by Government. for the present. and which consequently must. Bengal. The family claims to be of Surya Vansa Rajput descent. Residence : Baikanthpur. Raikat Fanindra Deb. and to have come from Ajudhya. has been held to indicate that the early Raikats of Baikanthpur were Prime Ministers and Commanders-in-Chief of the Kamrup kingdom.

Nunu. . See BAKAR ALI KHAN. „ „ 3rd son . . see under Banwari Lai Singh. Mir. Thakurain. The title of Rao is nereditary in this lady's family. Nunu. Raja. Thakur. North-Western Provinces. Babu 1st son's 1st son . „ „ 2nd son . BAKAR All. . Residence: Farrukhabad. Thakur. is usually styled " Malek Shri . . Bengal. Tdlukddr of. Muhammad (of . 2nd son . The Malek Shri maintains a military force of 60 cavalry and 230 infantry. BAISNI (of Khimsipur). 5th and younger sons . Descended from a family of Jat Musalmans . 4th son . 1820. Kathiawar. . . Residence: Tundi.877. . 1841. " His son is named Jiwan Khan. partly Hindu. Succeeded to the gadi April 23. its population 15. Residence : Bajana.1st son . A ruling chief . Tikait. . Muhammad. Manbhum. Kumar. May 14. . . . 3rd son . The area of the State is 183 square miles . b. Malek Nasib Khanji Dariya Khanji. Kumar. Bombay. For a similar system prevailing in the Nawagarh family. BAJANA. partly Muhammadan. Muhammad.

Residence : Indore. The common ancestor. King of Oudh. Sayyid. who was a grandson of His late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. C. BAKAR ALI KHAN. Central India. January 1. 1895. January 1. Residence : BAKAR MIRZA. See Muhammad. for services rendered to the Kashmir State. BAKHSHI KHOMAN SINGH (of Indore). 1877. Residence: Oudh. Sarddr. The Sardar succeeded Sardar Shamsher Singh (who had adopted him as a scion of the same family. Residence : Rawalpindi.Kunwa Khera). BAKHSHI PARAMANAND. BAKHSHISH SINGH. and is descended from the same stock as the late Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. The Mirza Bahadur is a son of the Nawab Mumtaz-ud-daula. Punjab. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Chanda Singh and Jodh Singh. Sardar Shamsher . while from the former descended Sarddr Shamsher Singh and the Sindhanwalia family . the latter was the forefather of the late Royal family of Lahore. with the consent of Government) on the death of the latter in 1873.I. Mirza Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. 1883. Sindhanwalia. CLE. is the acknowledged head of all Sikh families between the Bias and the Indus. Nawdb. had two sons. Jats of the Sansi tribe. The Sindhanwalia family. On the occasion of the rebellion of Diwan Mul Raj. Budh Singh.S. Was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Rai Bahadur.

Rajputana. Kunwdr. Residence : Bakhtgarh. 1892.: Lahore. Amritsar. Rajputana. On the final annexation of the Punjab his jdgirs were continued to him for life. Punjab.Singh remained faithful to the British Government. Pancholi. The title of Sardar is hereditary in the Kathgarh family. BAKHTGARH (Bhopawar). Thakur Partab Singh. Residence. Residence: Hoshiarpur. 22 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BAKHSHISH SINGH. The population of the State is 8258. The Thakur was born in 1863. and succeeded to the gadi in 1869. Residence : Raja Sansi. Central India. Received the title as a personal distinction on May 25. The title is personal. Bhopawar. Residence : Udaipur. and was permitted to adopt the present Sardar. and in 1862 he was appointed an Honorary Magistrate. Thakur of. and the title to be hereditary. Rai Bahadur. Sarcldr. He is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. BAKHTAWAR SINGH. BAKHTAWAR SINGH (of Kathgarh). . chiefly Hindus. a large portion of his jdgirs to descend in perpetuity. and in December 1846 he was appointed a member of the Council of Regency. Punjab. A ruling chief. Is a Court Official of the Mewjir State (Udaipur). Punjab.

The Rai Bahadur's brothers are Pandit Manik Parshad of Indore. Muhammad. The title was conferred on February 16. and grandson of Tippu Sultan. and in 1866 was appointed a permanent Deputy Collector. Residence: Jabalpur. 1887. BALA PERSHAD. Sahebzada. See Dara Shikoh. Central India.. The title was conferred on February 16. The title is a courtesy one. by saving some of the records of the Agra Board of Revenue . Created a CLE. Rao Saheb. was a member of the Tippu family of Mysore. Residence: Poona. North-Western Provinces. Bombay. Rai Bahadur. November 5. 1887. Prince Anwar Shah. b. Prince. and was conferred on February 16.BAKHTIYAR SHAH. Rao Bahadur. 1898. on January 1. Received the title on January 1. and became merchants at Agra. CLE. and Pandit Kalika Parshad. Central Provinces. Rai. b. His father. Received the title on May 21. BAL GANGADHAR SATHE. Lala. 1834. BALA SHASTRI AGASE. BAL MUKAND. 1857. BALA KHAN alias DARA SHIKOH. 1898. Is Kamdar of Jigni. 1851. b. His ancestors (who were Khattris) came from the Punjab about 300 years ago. Mahdmahopddhydya. Residence : Calcutta. Khan Bahadur. Pandit. He did good service in the Mutiny of 1857. BALA PARSHAD. Rai Bahadur. The title is personal. 1898. 1887. the Rai Bahadur having received a Certificate of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877. Residence: Agra. Residence : Jigni. in recognition of .

1886. BALAVADRA PRASAD DAS. Residence: Balasinor. 1844. The Rajkumar has done good service by providing elephants for Government in time of war. Orissa. and was conferred . His eldest son. Residence : Ratnagiri. Bombay. Achutananda Das — are all styled Bdbu. claiming descent from Sher Khanji Babi.328. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. BALASINOR. Residence : Baroda. Succeeded his father. Rewa Kantha. Rdjkumdr Bairiganjon Bhuyan Mahdpiatra. Rao Bahadur. The family belongs to the Ganga Vansa. bears the title of Tikait Bdbu . b. This family is Pathan (Muhammadan). Nawab Jorawar Khanji Babi. the younger sons — Bisambhar Das. and 5 guns. This is one of the titles that seem never to have been formally recognized by the Government. 177 infantry. Bombay. the ancient race of the Gajapati kings of Orissa. Nawab Munawar Khanji. The area of the State is 189 square miles . from whom the title was derived. Bombay. The title was conferred on May 29. Rao Bahadur. BALABHAI MANCHARAM. 1896. The title is hereditary. A ruling chief. whose name is Umakanta Das Mahapatra. a distinguished officer in the imperial Service of Delhi. Raja. son of Bahadur Khanji Babi. its population 46. BALAJI KRISHNA BENDIGERI. Residence: Belgaum. Babi of.eminence in oriental scholarship. Residence : Balasor. in November 1882. Sachidananda Das. The title was conferred on January 4. Nityananda Das. chiefly Hindus. BALBAHADUR SINGH. The Nawab Babi maintains a military force of 60 cavalry.

Rai Bahadur. Pandit. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BALDEO SINGH (of Raipur). Residence: Bombay. . Rao Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. Rdjd. 1896. 1894. BALKRISHNA KASHINATH JOSHI. The title was conferred on May 20. Berar. The title is hereditary. 1896. BALKISHAN. Central Provinces. Residence: Rajgarh. Residence : Kangra. 1899. Residence : Ambala. BALBIR SINGH (of Kattahr). The title was conferred on April 1. Received the title on June 3. Residence: Kangra. Residence: Poona. BALKRISHNA BHIVAJI. 1881. 1899. Central India. The title was conferred on January 1. 1886. Rao Saheb. BALKRISHNA SAYANNA. BALLABH DAS.on January 1. Rai Bahadur. Punjab. Rao. BALKRISHNA. Residence : Berar. Residence: Bombay. Rao Saheb. See Balkrishna. The title was conferred on February 3. BALKRISHNA RAMCHANDRA TIPNIS. The title is hereditary in the Raipur family. Residence: Buldana. 1883. BALIKRAM. Punjab. Received the title on June 3. Punjab. Rao Bahadur. Rao Bahadur. Residence: Jabalpur.

the grandfather and predecessor of the present Chief. the founder of the family. The Rana maintains a military force of 50 infantry. who was the son of Amrit Rao. did good service in the Mutiny of 1857. having been a scion of the ruling House of Sirmur. brother of the last Peshwa. 1895 . His two uncles . Baji Rao. Rdjd of. Bhup Singh. predeceased him. and was rewarded with the title of Rana. Srimant Rao .BALMTJKUND DAS. Residence : Gwalior. 1898. the grandson by adoption of Venaik Rao. Bixcdn Bahadur. BALRAMPUR. 1860. its population is 5190. and that of Diwan Bahadur on June 3. Rajputana. Central India. Residence: Balsan. Alak Singh. The title is hereditary. BALWANT RAO (of Karwi). The title of Rao Bahadur was conferred on May 25. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. A ruling chief . Rai Bahadur. Residence: Alwar. Rana Bir Singh. BALTICH KHAN. chiefly Hindus. Received the title on January 1. so he was succeeded by his grandson. the Kunwar Govardhan Singh. Sarddr. Is a Mahratta Brahman. when a sanad was granted by the British Government. The area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) is 51 miles . Succeeded to the gadi November 17. 1828. Punjab. BALSAN. Residence : Baluchistan. See Bhagwati Prasad Singh. b. his ancestor. Munshi (of Agra). Munshi. His son. The Chiefs of Balsan were feudatories of Sirmur till 1815. the present Rana. BALMUKAND. Rand of. 1884. The title is hereditary. b. 1899.

Punjab.. BALWANT RAO G0PAL JAVDEKAR. Rdjd. 1890. and themselves deported. On the death of his brother. Residence: Awa. He has adopted a son. Jind. the tradition being that it was originally conferred by the Maharaja of Udaipur. Residence: Indore. North Western-Provinces. and their estates were confiscated. North. and did good service to the British power in the Mahratta wars and in the time of the Mutiny. the Sardar being the head of the younger branch of the Phulkian family of Malaudh (see Badan Singh. having before held that of Chima only. on January 1. Residence : Ludhiana. Moreshwar Rao. BALWANT SINGH (of Bir Chima). He is the son of the late Sardar Hakikat Singh of Bir. Central Provinces. The Raja was created a CLE. 1883. Residence: Karwi. he succeeded to the Bir estate. the common ancestor of the Houses of Patiala. Sarddr.Western Provinces. The title was conferred on May 20. born August 17. The title of Raja has been hereditary in this family from ancient times. Rao Saheb. Residence : Burhanpur. 1898. The title is hereditary. and did excellent service in the troubled times of 1857 . Nabha. Etah. BALWANT RAO BHUSKUTE. But Balwant Rao proved his loyalty. descended from Phul. The Rajas of Awa are Jadon Rajputs.joined in the rebellion of 1857. 1872. Sardar). Rao Bahadur. . and Bhadaur. CLE. BALWANT SINGH (of Awa). and is now the head of the family at Karwi. He is an Honorary Magistrate. Ranjit Singh. The title was conferred on January 31.

1836.21 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BALWANT SINGH (of Botala). . Sarddr. Chief of Ndbha. The title is hereditary. Sarddr Argan Singh. Sarddr Karam Singh was the head of the family in the time of the Mahdrdjd Ran jit Singh . and when the latter seized Lahore and Amritsar. His grandson. The title is hereditary. the Sarddr being a descendant of Dhanna Singh. and long known for their loyalty. as Sarddr Argan Singh's sister married Rdjd Devindra Singh. Residence: Gujranwala. great-grandfather of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Punjab. his son is named Barilol Singh. the ancestors of the Thakur having been in the Narsinghpur district from time immemorial. Residence : Gurdaspur. Narsinghpur. the Sarddr being descended from a Rajput family whose ancestor came originally from Bikanir. Central Provinces. it was originally conferred by one of the ancient Gond Rdjds of Mandla. Thdkur . Sarddr. Residence : Barehta. who was an associate of Sarddr Jodh Singh. Punjab. BALWANT SINGH (of Rangarh Nangal). and founded Rangarh Nangal in the Gurddspur district. The title is hereditary. Punjab. served in the battle of Sobraon. Belongs to a Raj Gond family . The late Rdjd of Nabha was a second cousin of Sarddr Balwant Singh. BALWANT SINGH (of Barehta). Karam Singh gave in his allegiance. b.

1889 . A ruling chief . The title is hereditary. BAMANJI JAMASPJI DASTUR. but with over 50. 1869. Bombay.. Jam. CLE. Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. Residence : Bamanbor. Jam. K. and a Knight Commander on January 1. A ruling chief. b. Central Provinces. BAN BIHARI KAPUR. Rdjd.I. The Rdja's son. See Bun.E.BALWANT SINGH (of Piprasar). Residence : Bamra.286. from the same stock as that of the Gajpati Rdjds of Puri in Orissa. about 1849. Lala. Residence : Sdgar. January 1. BAMANBOR. which acquired the Bamra territory by conquest in early times. with a population of 987. Residence : Poona. and descended from Debi Singh. Central Provinces. Sachidanand. See Bhambo Khdn. C. The area of the State is 12 square miles. BANAMALI CHAKRAVARTTI. The area of the State is 1988 square miles. bears the courtesy title of Tikait Babu. Bombay. Kdthidwdr. 1879. Is descended from a Gangabansi Rdjput family. 1895. Rdjd. Eai .000 belonging to Abor (aboriginal) tribes. Succeeded to the gadi on May 12. the Rdjd being the son of the Rdjd Anrudh Singh. BAMRA. many Hindus. Rdjd of. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. BAMBO KHAN. Rdjd of Orchha. Raja Sir Sudhal Deo. and its population is 81. The Grief of.

1897. 1848. Succeeded to the gadi in 1868. See Banarji. chiefly Hindus. BANGAL KHAN. His son is named Sayyid Gulam Ali Khdn. Received the title on June 22. and a Sayyid (or descendant of the Prophet). Jogizai. Residence : Howrah. 1894. 1887. 1846.. BANAMALI RAI. BANARJI. Son of Babu Navin Chandra Banarji of Bali in Howrah. BANDYOPADHYAYA. Nawab Sayyid Fath Ali Khan Bahadur. Nawdb of. The title was conferred on May 21. Residence: Zhob. Bengal.S. BANDI. The family held an ancient title. January 1. Baluchistan. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Rai Bahadur : b. Rai Bahadur. July 10. its population 30.Saheb. BANGANAPALE. 1898. Bengal. Rdjd of.754. Bengal. BANERJI. 1877. A ruling chief. Rao Bahadur. C. Residence : Pabna. See Bonomally. The area of the State is 166 square miles . Is a Shiah Muhammadan. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . See Padmanand Singh. Sarddr Bahadur. b.I. See Banarji. Is Chairman of Bali Municipality. Abinas Chandra. He was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Jdgirddr of Banganapale. the title of Nawdb was conferred in 1876. The title was conferred on May 26. Residence : Berar. Received the title onFebruary 16. BANDOJI JANARDHAN CHAUBAL.

and 1 gun.25 the Muhammadans being 5952. chiefly Hindus. and is styled " Yansdia " . 111 infantry. 1858. The area of the State is 215 square miles . RaiSaheb. 1898. The Chief has a salute of 6 guns. Central India. See Mir. A ruling chief . BANSI. Surat. Madras. Residence : Banganapale. for eminent services rendered during the Mutiny. Rdjd of. Residence: Bansda. The family is Solanki Rdiput (Hindu). BANSDA. Rai Bahadur. Mir (of Kadirpur). and proceeded in December 1857 with 1000 followers to rid Pargana Khairagarh of a formidable band of rebels who had gathered . its population is 34. Rdjd of. escorted the revenue-collections during the disturbances. The title was conferred on May 21. 1876. BANSPAT SINGH (of Bara). b. succeeded to the gadi on March 6. Khan Bahadur. See Ram Singh. it is descended from a chieftain of ancient times named Muldeoji. Residence: Angul. the Raja having loyally supported the police. The title was conferred on November 30. 1834. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. Rdjd. Maharawal Shri Pratapsinghji Gulabsinghji. 1898. BANSI DHAR. Residence : Alipura. BANIYAD HASAN.908. 1863 . The Maharawal maintains a military force of 24 cavalry. Bombay. December 6. BANKIM CHANDRA MOZOOMDAR. Received the title on January 1. b.

His son is the Maharaj-Kunwar Sambhu Singh Bahadur.145. Kathiawar. Maharawal of. The Maharawal maintains a military force of 640 cavalry.517. The area of the State (including that of its feudatory Kusalgarh) is about 1500 square miles.there. and 14 guns. Udai Singh. 783 infantry. Residence : Banswara. 1835. A ruling chief. b. Maharawal of Dungarpur. Bombay. gave the territory of Banswara to his younger son Jagmal Singh. the united population 38. January 30.Western Provinces. but with about 50. A ruling chief. its population 175.v. Residence: Bara. Succeeded to the gadi in 1842. BANTWA (GIDAR). Rajputana. BANS WARA. with the title of Maharawal. 1888. 1854. q. b. the united area is 221 square miles. Is descended from the same ancestry as His Highness the Maharaja of Rewah. Samat Khan Babi.000 Bhils (aboriginal). chiefly Hindus. Residence: Gidar. Is a descendant (through the Maharawal Udai Singh of Dungarpur. 1838. His Highness Rai-i-rayan Maharawal Sri Lachman Singh Bahadur. Khan of A ruling chief. b. Khan of. His Highness is entitled to a salute of 15 guns.) of the Maharanas of Udaipur ("Children of the Sun"). The Chief of Bantwa has the title of Khan Shri . and consequently a Sisodiya Rajput. Succeeded to the gadi on March 28. Khan Shri Fatheh-ud-din Khanji. North. There are now four divisions of the Bantwa State . BANTWA (MANA WAD AR). his family name is Babi. chiefly Hindus. Descended from a Pathan (Muhammadan) family. Allahabad. Residence: Manawadar. Kathia- . and belongs to a Baghel Rajput family.

by his wife. by the third son. Thdkur. BANWARI LAL SINGH. part of which is held by the present Rdjd. by the fifth and younger sons. and set up the Raj of Palganj in Hazaribagh. and part by the Thakurdni. Kun Saw. received from the old Mughal Government the title of " Azimatullah Amirul-Mulk Jagatindra Danishnanda Sipahdar Jang Bahadur. and was conferred on the Mahdrdj Kumar as the adopted son of the late Mahdraj Jagatindra Banwdri Govinda Bahadur of Banwaribad. Residence : Nawagarh. Rdjd . Nityananda. In Rdjd Banwdri Ldl Singh's branch of the family the following titles are held: — by the head. Myoza of. Rani . Bengal. BANWARI ANANDA DEB. Mahdrdj Kumar. Bengal. This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally recognized by Government.war. part by Thdkur Giridhdri Singh. A ruling . Nunu . widow of Thdkur Bhold Prasdd Singh. by the eldest son. Bombay. who rendered good service during the famine of 1866-67. Rdjd. Bdbu. and that a branch of this family obtained the Zaminddri of Nawagarh in Manbhum. Kumar. 26 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BANYIN. The family claims that its ancestor came from Baghelkhand. by the fourth son. . The Maharajd Jagatindra's father." Residence : Murshidabad. Mdnbhum. by the second son. The title is personal. Tikait .

The Nawdb Bahadur maintains a military force of 9 cavalry. 185 infantry. Zafar Jang. 1863. Main-ul-Mulk. Saheb-i-Jah. November 1. the Nawab Ghazi-ud-din Khan. A ruling chief. He is entitled to a salute of 11 guns." His ancestor. "The authority is God's. 1883. He is descended from a Pathan (Muhammadan) family of Bundelkhand. Residence : Banyin. Nawab Muhammad Hasan Khan Bahadur. but with 2342 Muhammadans. The title was conferred on February 16. His son. 1887. its population is 17. Residence : Baoni. and of the Calcutta and Allahabad Uni- . and was also connected with the family of the Nawab Vazir of Oudh.055. was grandson of Asaf Jah. Succeeded to the gadi on October 5. The Myoza is one of the Shan Chiefs. and 2 guns. was recognized as Chief by the British Government. b. Is a Fellow of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. and the country is God's. The family banner was displayed at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877. with the motto. Burma. the father of the present Nawab. Bundelkhand. The grandson of the latter was the Nawab Muhammad Mehdi Hasan Khan. Shan States. Nizam of Hyderabad. His Highness the Nawdb Bahadur of. chiefly Hindus. of the Koyal Asiatic Society. and rules over a State of about 230 square miles. at one time Minister at the Imperial Court of the Mughals. in consideration of eminence as an oriental scholar. BAONI. Mihin Sardar. Mahdmahopddhydya . CLE. Central India. BAPU DEVA SHASTRI. the Nawab Vazir-ud-daula Khan.. b." The area of the State is about 117 square miles.chief.1821. and his full titles are — "His Highness Azam-ul-Umara. Fakhr-uddaula. He obtained a grant of fifty-two villages from the Peshwa in Bundelkhand.

See Banspat Singh. Residence : Baramba. The title was conferred on January 1. 1895. See Bapu. chiefly Hindus. A ruling chief. and that of Rao Bahadur on January 1. The area of the State (which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals) is about 134 square miles . North. its population 29. Pandit. Residence: Dholka. Rdjd of. Residence : Benares. The Raja maintains a military force of 709 infantry and 3 guns. BAPU MIYAN SHER MIYAN. The Raja is descended from a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. Khan Saheb. Bombay.D. but with over 3000 belonging to aboriginal tribes. and in 1878 was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 1898.772.Western Provinces. BAPUMIA SHERMIA. BAPU RAO PATWARDHAN. BARA. . Central Provinces. The title of Rao Saheb was conferred on June 1.1896. Residence : Nagpur. Is the author of many works on Sanskrit literature and mathematics .. Khan Saheb. The history of the Baramba State commences from the year 1305 A.versities. with Hatakeshwar Raut. 1880. Raj a of. Raja Bisambhar Birbar Mangraj Mahapattar. Rao Bahadur. 1881. The title was conferred on January 1. Orissa. Central Provinces. Rao Bahadur. 1888 . Succeeded to the yadi on July 15. b. Residence: Nagpur. The family emblem is a leopard. BARAMBA. BAPU RAO DADA.

and two more generations. partly at Baraundha. Rdjd Bahadur of. Then the Raja Ragbirdayal. 1886. BARHARU. partly in Banda and partly in this territory. . His son ruled at Paturkuchar. Is a Raghubansi Rajput. Rat Saheb. A ruling chief . and 6 guns. Central India. then four more at Birgarh in the territory still belonging to the family . Rao of. See Murdhan Sah. BARHA. and received the additional title of " Bahadur " on the occasion of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877. Raja Thaknr Prasad Singh. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. Thirty-four generations are said to have ruled at Rusin in the Banda district . Kotwal of Bir. 75 infantry. See Barra. BAREH. See Bhareh. father of the present Raja. and obtained a sanad from the British Government in 1807. four more at Murfa. Bundelkhand. 1847. Residence : Baraundha. descended from a family of the highest antiquity in Central India. The area of the State is 239 square miles . and ruled there. ruled partly at Paturkuchar. The Raja Bahadur maintains a military THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 27 force of 15 cavalry. b.283. Succeeded to the gadi on August 18. Then the Raja Mohan Singh came to Baraundha. its population is 17. Rdjd of. chiefly Hindus.BARAUNDHA. B AUDI A.

sprung from Patai Rdwal. Bombay. See Muhammad. Damaji Gaekwar. and was conferred on May 24. Rao Bahadur of. Descended (like the Chiefs of Chhota Udaipur) from a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) family. Baluchistan. Muhammad. and was conferred on May 20. b. BARHPURA. October 4.S. The Gaekwar's full titles are — His Highness Farzandi-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwdr Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur.. 1890. Punjab. Residence : Quetta. and one of the Premier Princes of the Empire . 1875. and entitled to a salute of 9 guns. G. Maharaja Gaekwdr of. 1864. March 17. 1855. 1895. Maharawal Shri Mansinghji. Rewa Kantha.The Kotwal received the title of Rai Saheb on January 1. His Highness Maharaja Sayaji Rao III. Residence : Bombay. The Maharawal maintains a military force of 38 cavalry. 250 infantry. its population is 66. A ruling chief . BARIYA. A ruling chief. See Himanchal Singh. The title is personal. BARODA. 1889. Rdjd of. b. Succeeded to the gadi on March 5. The area of the State is 873 square miles . Mistry. BARKAT ALI KHAN. The title is personal. Khdn Bahadur. chiefly Hindus. 1863. Succeeded to the gadi on May 27. Khdn Bahadur. Residence : Kangra. Residence: Bariya. He is the descendant of the famous Mahratta leader. and 3 guns.I. the last Chauhan Chief of Champanir. Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India..C. who obtained . BARJORJI RTJSTAMJI. BARJORJI DORABJI PATEL. Khan Bahadur.822.

I 11) on the conclusion of the wars with the Peshwa. and firmly established the Gaekwari power throughout Gujarat and the neighbouring districts of Western India.. the same year in which his father was murdered by a Mughal emissary. and was succeeded by his son Damaji II.from the Shahu Raja of Satara the title of Shamsher Bahadur for his bravery at the battle of Ballapur. In 1803 a treaty was concluded with the British Power.. the old capital of Gujarat. and was succeeded by his nephew and adopted son Pilaji Gaekwdr. Pilaji was assassinated in 1731. who obtained from the Shahu Raja the additional title of Send Khas Khel (see Introduction. under which a British Resident was appointed to the Court of Baroda. from the Mughal Viceroy. he reconquered the capital of Gujarat. and forced many of its princes to pay him tribute . played a most prominent part in the history of India. a son of Govind Rao Gaekwdr. He commanded a division at the great and decisive battle of Panipat in 1761. who. Ananda Rao was succeeded by Sayaji Rao I. and he was followed by . Damaji Gaekwar died in 1721. and also Ahmadabad. Baroda. whose reign was long and on the whole prosperous. and that city has been the capital of the Gaekwars ever since. his two sons Govind Rao and Fatheh Singh became Gaekwars in succession. during a period of about forty years of almost incessant warfare. he conquered the ancient city of Anhalwara Patan. After his death. and the latter was succeeded by Ananda Rao. In 1732. He invaded Kathiawar. and provision was made for the maintenance of a strong subsidiary force. fought against the Imperial forces of Delhi at the close of the 17th century.

For His Highness himself. Of this marriage there has been issue two sons. for in April 1885 he lost his first wife. The reign of the Mahdrdjd Gaekwdr Sayaji III. and a son and heir named Fatheh Singh Rao. In December 1885 His Highness took as his second wife a Princess of the House of Dewas in Central India. named Jaisingh Rao and Sivaji Rao respectively. who has happily survived. niece of the Princess of Tanjore. who had died during the lifetime of their mother. Khande Rao Gaekwar. it has not been without the deep shadows of domestic bereavement. and who had borne him three children — two daughters. Ganpat Rao Gaekwar. and Mulhar Rao Gaekwdr. attended by . the present Maharani. has been one of progress and prosperity. who was invested by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress with the insignia of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India in 1892. His Highness Khande Rao Gaekwdr rendered loyal service to the Government at the time of the Mutiny But the rule of his successor was disgraced by misgovernment. Her Highness Chimnabai.three of his sons in turn. In 1875 the Gaekwar. and it terminated in his deposition under painful circumstances. and a Princess named Indira Raja. Her Highness the Mahdrdni Chimnabdi. whom he had married in 28 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 1880.

The Maharaja Gaekwar maintains a military force of 3562 cavalry and 4988 infantry. 1887. and not much less than that of Switzerland. the Viceroy. His Highness. and shortly afterwards was honoured by a visit of His Royal Highness to the capital of Baroda. On December 5.530.980 Muhammadans. was personally invested by the Queen Empress with the insignia of a Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. In area the State of Baroda is considerably larger than either Saxony or Wiirtemberg: its population is greater than that of Greece. His Highness is entitled to a salute of 21 guns. The State is one of the largest. It contains an area of 8570 square miles.000).718 Jains. and most advanced in India.000 per annum (at par £1. most populous.Sir Madhava Rao and the chief officers of the State. The revenue of the State is about Rs. On January 1. richest. chiefly Hindus . The family colour is that red which is called Bhagwd. and on that occasion was invested with the title of Farzand-i-Khdsi-Daulat-i-Inglishia by Lord Lytton as the representative of the Empress. the colour of the red earth of . His Highness having previously received the honour of Knighthood. attended the Imperial Assembly at Delhi to celebrate the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen as Empress of India.E.005. with 38 guns. 15. went to Bombay to meet His Royal Highness the Prince of "Wales .300. and 8118 Parsis. where the auspicious event was celebrated by the most magnificent hospitalities. but there are 174.185. Its population is about 2. 46. on the invitation of H. 1877.

Rana Ranjit Singh. The Raja maintains a military force of 50 cavalry. 1850. Succeeded to the gadi on August 25. The area of the State is 1362 square miles . A ruling chief. Central India. The Rana maintains a military force of 17 cavalry. Rai Bahadur. Western Malwa. A ruling chief. Is of a Rajput (Hindu) family. with 8605 belonging to aboriginal tribes. Residence: Barra. and 5 guns. chiefly Hindus. 1862. BASANT SINGH. A ruling chief. b. Rdjd of See Surendra Narayan Singh. Residence : Baroda. BARODA or SHE0PUR (GWALI0R). Rao of. Residence: Baroda. Is a Kshatri Gaur (Hindu). 1865. 1894. Central India. Central India. Raja Bijai Singh. Residence : Barwani. 1892. chiefly Hindus.the Mahabaleshwar hills. Bhai. The area of the State is 150 square miles. Madras. See Hanuman Singh. The Rai Bahadur is a Tahsildar of Vizagapatam.445. Rdnd of. The title was conferred on January 1. He is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. chiefly Hindus. b. akin to the ruling House of Udaipur. The . Rao Daukal Singh. 400 infantry. Residence: Vizagapatam. b. BARRA or BARDIA. Rdjd of. 1865. its population 9000. BARWANI (BH0PAWAR). BARWARI. BARWARA. Is a Sisodiya Rajput. 225 infantry. Succeeded to the gadi on September 27. Western India. BARU VENKATA RAMANARASU PANTULU. its population 56. 1888. Thdkur of. The population of the State is about 650. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor on December 14. Rai Saheb. Gwalior. and 9 guns.

Baluchistan. Residence: Jalandhar. from Sri Krishna. Raja Shamsher. b.345. Punjab. except Rawani. but on their expulsion in the latter year. its population is 64. BASHIR AHMAD. He maintains a military force of 100 infantry and 2 guns. The title is hereditary. Rai Bahadur. Succeeded to the gadi in 1849.Western Provinces. b. January 2. Residence : Bashahr. third Prince of Arcot. . Between 1803 and 1815 Bashahr was overrun by the Gurkhas. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family claiming descent. BASANTA SINGH. which was given to Keonthal. Chaudhri. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 29 BASAWA SINGH (of Laroa).title was conferred on May 25. 1893. a sanad to the Raja. 1860. Residence. Northwestern Provinces. 1895. chiefly Hindus. BASHAHR. North. confirming him in the possession of all his territories. Granted the title as a personal distinction in 1887. Residence: Bijnor. Khan Bahadur. A ruling chief. Singh. Granted the title. Is a landholder in the Bijnor district. 1839. Is the son-in-law of His late Highness Prince Intizam-ul-Mulk. The Raja has a son named Tika Raghunath Singh. Sarddr. Punjab. The area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) is 3257 square miles . the British Government granted. Rdjd of. through 120 generations. as a personal distinction.

1832. and his descendants held the grants rent free till Saadat Ali Khan resumed them. 1895. Begum of. and built the great fort known as the Bari Deohri . founder of the Kurwai State (q. who was succeeded on his death in 1864 by the Nawab Husain Ali Khan. Amanat Fatima. The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred as a personal distinction on February 16. who had plundered a convoy of Imperial treasure on its way from Khairabad to Delhi. Is the widow of the Nawab Dost Ali Khan of Basitnagar. The title of Nawab was recognized by Government as hereditary in 1864. BASHYAM AIYANGAR. BAS0DA (BH0PAL). The Nawab is a Pathan (Muhammadan) descended from the Nawab Dalel Kh&amp. Oudh. on May 25.Diwdn Bahadur. Nawab Muhammad Haidar Ali Khan. The area .. b. A ruling chief . E. BASITNAGAR. C. The latter was a distinguished Afgh&amp. On the death of the latter in 1871 the Begum succeeded to the title and estates. with the titles of Nawab and Haft Hazdri. Succeeded to the gadi in October 1897.). b. Residence : Shahabad. who sent him to Shahabad to punish the Pande Panwar Brahmans.I. He slew all the bandits.n. and is descended from Kildar Khan.Residence: Madras. He founded the city of Shahabad. Residence: Madras. and that of Diwan Bahadur on May 25. and was granted their extensive possessions in jdgir. 1856. or commander of seven thousand.v. The family is of Pathan origin.n officer under the Emperor Aurangzeb. Nawdb of. third son of the Nawab Diler Khan of Shahabad. Created a CLE. Venbakam. Hardoi. 1887. 1895.

Bhil. its population 7772. BASTAR. Central India. but with 1454 Muhammadans. Shan States. A ruling chief. who. Tenth in descent from Sej was Rajd Achal Singh. Succeeded the late Raja Mahesh Sitla Bakhsh Singh on May 5. The area of the State is 13. with Tej his brother.248. Residence : Baw. Burma. Bastar. came to Oudh and conquered the territories of the Dom Rdjd of Gonda.062 square miles . North-Western Provinces. The Ngwegunhmu is one of the Shan Chiefs. Rdjd of. 1890. ancestor of the present Raja. and other aboriginal tribes. Ngwegunhmu of. came from Warangal in the Deccan. b. whose founder. Succeeded to the gadi August 27. May 21. and settled at Bastar about the beginning of the 14th century.000 belong to Gond. BAW. Bhopal. 1839. chiefly Hindus. August 8. Residence : Jagdalpur. Raja Bhairam Deo. Rdjd of. 1870. of whom over 36. BASTI.of the State is about 22 square miles . Raja Patesri Partab Narayan Singh. its population 196. 1853. b. Belongs to an ancient Rajput family of high caste. in the 14th century. and rules over a State of about 350 square miles. Maung Hlaing. the Rajds of Basti belonging to a Kshattriya family claiming descent from a scion of the ancient Rajds of Kalhans. the rest being chiefly Hindus. Residence : Basti. Kakati Partabrudra. 30 . The founder of the latter family was Sej. who granted Basti to his cousin. The title is hereditary. A ruling chief. Residence: Basoda. Central Provinces.

. BAWZAING. 1844. The Myoza is one of the Shan Chiefs. President of the Municipal Committee. BECHARDAS VEHARIDAS. from 1886 to 1889 . b. Burma. Rao Bahadur . Myoza of. Desai. Residence: Rajpur. Residence: Bawzaing. Maung Kya Ywet. and Bardi. Burma. elected a Member of the Legislative Council. in possession of the estates for her life. leaving his widow. Ngwegunhmuof. North-Western Provinces. Residence : Kaira. from Pari Mai and Bari Mai of Mahoba in Bundelkhand. and is about 41 years of age. in Rewah. Bijaigarh. who some hundreds of years ago took service with Raja Madan of the Baland family of the Kharwdr tribe. the present Rani. Shan States. The Raja Kesho Saran Sah. in 1888 . and rules over a State of 30 square miles. Residence : Bawnin. and after killing him. Shan States. and granted the title of " Sarddr " in the same year. died without issue in 1871. divided his country and founded the three principalities of Barhar. 1851. TheNgwegunhmu is one of the Shan Chiefs. b. A ruling chief. received the title of " Rao Bahadur " from Government in 1887 . Bomba. Her heir is Babu Jagannath Prasad Singh of Jamgaon. the Chandel Rajas of Barhar being descended. Mirzapur. A ruling chief . The title is hereditary. Saw Kin. Nadiad. and rules over a State of 20 square miles. it is said. BED SARAN KUNWAR (of Agori Barhar). Bombay. Rani. February 26. Sarddr.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BAWNIN.

in 1869 . 1831. in 1872 a Delegate of the Parsi Chief Matrimonial Court in Bombay. b. and served in many other public offices "with credit to himself and advantage to the public. The Khan Bahadur's name is also sometimes spelt Byramjee Dadabhoy. eldest daughter of Khdn Saheb Cowashaw Sorabshaw Taleiyarkhan of Surat . and Elphinstone College. to Baie Sonabaie. in recognition of highly meritorious service in many important and responsible public offices. who had received a sherpao (or " Dress of Honour") from the Bombay Government in 1837. an eminent public servant. BEHRAMJI DADABHAI.BEDLA. Entered the Government Service in 1853. was specially selected in 1865 to succeed Colonel Dunsterville as Deputy Registrar-General and Registrar of Bombay — being the first gentleman of Indian birth ever appointed to fill that high office. February 1848. 1880. elected a Member of the Municipal Corporation of the City of Bombay . in 1879 acted as Inspector-General of Registration . Appointed J. His sons are — (1) Jehangeer Byramjee . See Karan Singh. Rao of." as testified by the Bombay Government when in 1880 he was recommended for the title of Khdn Bahddur. October 23. and having distinguished himself in various civil capacities. Bombay. See Bihari. The title was conferred on April 3. BEHARI. and Surat. He was married. Educated at Thanna. Khdn Bahadur. in 1878. as a personal distinction. and the title of Khan Saheb in 1847. and has issue. The Khdn Bahadur is the eldest son of the late Khan Saheb Ddddbhdi Shapurji. P. and again in 1880.

P. born 1851. married 1877 to Framji Cursetji Rustamji Thdndwdld. His daughters are (1) Awabaie. (3) Pherozebaie. born 1861. born 1864. married 1886 to Gulbaie Jamsetjee Seendwdld. Municipal Councillor for Bombay 1889. Byculla. married 1865 to Jerbaie Bargorji Hadda". who died in 1874 . and was conferred on May 24. Sdmant Rai. His brothers are — (1) Cowashaw Dadabhoy. married 1885 to Khorsetbanu Hormusjee Pestonjee Cama. and Member of the Sindh Sabha. acted as Chairman of the Nasik Municipality in 1880 and 1883. married 1865 to Ardasir Cursetji Ghandie. married 1884 to Jerbanu Ddddbhdi Pdlanji Bhedwdr. BEHRAMJI JEHANGIRJI RAJ KOTWALA. born 1850. (2) Dhanbaiji. Sind. BELASAR PARIDA. Residence: Foras Road. Is a Delegate of the Parsi Matrimonial Court at Kardchi.Dadabhoy. in recognition of his public services. (2) Cursetjee Dadabhoy. 1889. J. married 1877 to Dhanjibhoy Nasirwdnji Ghista. was Honorary Special THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 31 Magistrate at Nasik and Karachi from 1869 to 1890. Residence: Karachi. for Bombay 1888. born 1859. Khdn Bahddur. and (2) Manikji Behramji Ddddbhdi. Bombay. The Khdn Bahddur"s name is also sometimes spelt Byramjee (or Byramji) Jehanghirji Rajkotwdla. The title is personal. born 1845. born 1865. barrister-at-law of the Middle Temple 1887. This .

which the family has held as an hereditary title ever since. as a personal distinction.is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognized by Government.. Rai Bahadur. 1889. January 2. November 26. On the death of Mausa Ram in 1739 his son Balwant Singh sent an offering to Delhi. See Purandhar Singh. The family are Brahmans of the Bhuinhar clan. Punjab. 1855. when the Emperor and the Nawab Vazir of Oudh marched eastward to expel the British from Bengal. G. BELKHERA (MATANPUR). In the succeeding reign Mausa Ram. Benares.C. Succeeded June 13. and Chunar districts. the eldest brother of the branch occupying the ancient seat of the family in Utaria. In 1763. Orissa. TMkur of. foretold the succession of his posterity to the dominions then governed by a Hindu Raja. Some centuries later. BENARES. born November 6. and received from the Emperor his confirmation in the government of the Jaunpur. Residence : Cuttack. and the title of Raja Bahadur. and their traditions go back to the year 1000.E. rose to great favour with the Governor of Benares under the Nawab Vazir of Oudh. BELI RAM. in the decay of the Mughal Empire. Raja Balwant Singh was com- . It was originally obtained from one of the old Rajas of Kujung. b. His Highness Sir PRABHU NARAYAN SINGH. Maharaja Bahadur of. has issue — Kunwar Aditya Narayan Singh. Residence : Batala. 1893. a village near Benares. with the possession in his own right of four Parganas. some of the family who attempted to assert a turbulent independence were severely chastised by one of the lieutenants of the Emperor Farrukhsiyar. when a Brahman ascetic of Utaria.I. 1875. Granted the title.

On February 8. Raja Ishri Parshad Narayan Singh Bahadur. Raja Mahip Narayan. the late Maharaja Bahadur had been granted the privilege. son of Balwant Singh's daughter.pelled to join them. and by the treaty of 1775 the territory was finally declared British. and was succeeded by his son Udit Narayan Singh. Raja Mahip Narayan died in 1795. and he died in exile at Gwalior under the protection of the Maharaja Sindhia. but his troops took no part in the battle of Baksar. as Raja under the British suzerainty. The Raja was deprived of his government. who for his loyal services at the time of the Mutiny. On January 1. 1889. On the death of Balwant Singh in 1770 the Nawab Vazir of Oudh desired to seize the Benares territory. the Maharaja Bahadur was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India . The differences between Raja Chait Singh and the Calcutta Government under Warren Hastings are historically famous. and the latter in 1835 by his nephew and adopted son. as they became the subject of one of the articles of the impeachment that was framed against the great Governor-General. which was given on conditions to his nephew. 1877. and when he fled to one of his hill fortresses he was called back to receive confirmation of his posses- sions under the British Power. and on his death in 1889 he was succeeded by his nephew and adopted son. the present Raja. but the British Government compelled him to recognize Chait Singh. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. being stationed on the other side of the Ganges. the son of Balwant Singh. . received in 1859 the title of Maharaja Bahadur as a personal distinction.

that. See Vyankat Rao. BENKAT RAO. 1894. Mirzapur. Elijah.as a personal distinction. 1898. also as personal distinctions. BENI MADHAB BANEBJI. Received the title on May 21. . His Highness has been exempted from personal appearance in the Civil Courts. Bengal. of being addressed as " His Highness." and in September of that year the present Raja was granted the same privilege. Central India. 1898. He is entitled to a salute of 32 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 13 guns. on May 21. Khan Saheb. Bombay. Residence : Sukkur. BENI MADHO. Bhopal. Benares. with the title of Maharaja Bahadur. Eeceived the title. for services as Secretary of the local Famine Committee. Chakya. Residences : Ramnagar. Rai Bahadur. 1898. The Maharaja was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. in the case of failure of natural heirs. Residence: Calcutta. and has been assured by sanad. Rai Bahadur. Sind. the Government will permit and confirm any adoption of a successor made by himself or any future Raja that may be in accordance with Hindu law and the customs of his family. BENJAMIN. Residence : Sehore. The title was conferred on January 1.

who is a descendant from the Maharaja Jagat Raj by a collateral line. Is a Puar Rajput. from their ancestor Jagat Raj. Residence •' Nagpur. The Rao maintains a military force of 10 cavalry. BEZONJI DADABHAI. BHABAR. the Jagirdars have sometimes been styled Sawai Rao. adopted the present Jagirdar. Jdyirddr of. The present Rao's son is Kunwar Bahadur Noni Raghuraj Singh. and received the jdgir of Beri. Palanpur. See Gobind Singh. 1862. descended from Acharjya. Valiya Raja of. Rana Fat eh Singh Sardar Singh. 1848. He was succeeded by his son. The area of the State is 80 square miles. The title is hereditary. Rao Bijai Singh. The State has an area of about 28 square miles. BEPIN. Bombay. Raja. b. See Bipin. Succeeded to the yadi on March 18. 1898. received a sanad from the British Government. Khan Bahadur. See Rama Varma Raja. and two guns. and a population of about 5000. Residence : Beri. 66 infantry. Bundelkhand. its population is 7222. A ruling chief. Rand of. BEYPORE. A ruling chief. Raja of. whose son. . who married a daughter of the Maharaja Jagat Raj. The title was conferred on January 1. chiefly Hindus. BERI (BUNDELKHAND). The Chief of. A ruling chief . Khuman Singh. Central Provinces. BHADARVA. Residence : Bhabar. Central India. February 14. Jugal Prasad. son of the Maharaja Chhatarsal of Jaitpur. Bishnath Singh.BEONA. His grandson. b.

The title is hereditary. Sardar Agar Singh. BHAGA SINGH. Dharmsinghwala. Succeeded to the yadi in 1843. BHAG SINGH (of Sikandra). 1876. C. He had four sons. BHAG RAM. Bombay. A ruling chief. The State has a population of about 4000. BHADVA.. b. its population 1231. Residence: Kashmir. about 1826. Central India. Sardar. Residence : Bhadva.E. Kathiawar. Bombay. 1888. The Sardar has a son. See Rai Krishna Prasad Singh. named Jowahir Singh. who acquired a considerable territory by conquest in 1759 a. its population 9185. Succeeded to the yadi on January 26. His possessions were subsequently reduced by other Sikh Sardars. Sardar. Punjab. Rai Bahadur. The Raja is descended from a Sisodhiya Rajput (Hindu) family. Chief of. Succeeded to the gadi on May 10. The title of Sardar is hereditary . 1897. Maharaja of. BHADAWAR.I. Guna. 1883. Residence : Ambala. Jareja Bhav Singhji. Rai of. BHADRI. was the father of Sardar Bhag Singh. of whom the third. Residence: Bhadaura. A ruling chief. BHADAURA (GUNA). chiefly Hindus.about 1850. b. Descended from Dargaha Singh. The area of the State is 7 square miles . Created a CLE. The title was conferred on August 11. Pandit (of Jalandhar). 1885. on January 1. The area of the State is 27 square miles.d. Rewa Kantha. Residence: Bhadarva. Rdjd of. chiefly Hindus. See Mahendra Mahendra Singh. Raja Madho Singh.

Claims descent from an ancient Kshatriya family of Sikh Sardars. January 1. 1886. The Sardar was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. BHAGAT SINGH. Bengal. Residence: Chainpur. Sardar. BHAGWAN BAKHSH (of Pokhra Ansari). The title is personal. C. Cirencester. Sardar Vishnu Singh Kapur (of the Royal Agricultural College. Residence : Firozpur. The title is hereditary. Govind Singh . Hari Singh. Punjab. 1894. Rdjd. BHAGABATTI CHARAN CHATTERJI. 1846. and was recog- . and was conferred on April 19. b. The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred on January 3. Bengal.in this family." settled THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA in the district of Gujrat. Lahore . Punjab. 1893 . BHAGAT SINGH (of Kapurthala). 1872. Residence : Kapur Mahil. Rdjd. in recognition of eminent services in the Department of Public Works. Rajputana. of the "Party of Raja Sahibsingh. E. Gujrat. and of the Middle Temple) . The title was conferred on January 1. 1887). and that of Rdjd on January 1. 1898. b.Thakurai. September 1. 1890. Residence : Kapurthala. Palamau. I. Rai Saheb. Residence : Barrackpore. Sarddr Bahadur. Punjab. The Sardar Bahadur has four sons living — Sardar Krishna Singh Kapur (barristerat-law of the Middle Temple. BHAGAVAT DAYAL SINGH BAHADUR.

ultimately regained most of his possessions. and at last fell into the hands of Raja Sahajram Bakhsh. He was followed by Raja Umrao Singh." A descendant. of whom the third was Ram Singh. and the grateful saint responded with a blessing on the " Raja. with the title of Rao. Bara Banki. had three sons. 1877. Rao Kalian Singh. Oudh.nized as such. The title was conferred on May 20. The family is a younger branch of the Amethia Chattris (see Rameshwar Bakhsh Singh. . who. Residence: Rowni. Raja Umrao Singh. Lala. endeavoured to assert his independence in the time of Shujaud-daula. 1896." whence the title was ever afterwards borne by this branch. after the latter had been defeated by the English . His descendant. Rdjd. Oudh. The present Raja succeeded Raja Madho Singh in 1891. who are known as the " Bandagi Mian Amethias. on the division of the estates. the father of the present Raja. It is said that his great-grandson. Punjab. Madho Singh. Residence : Hoshiarpur. The title is hereditary. 1877. when the Raja succeeded his father. Residence : Sultanpur. the property saw many changes. His son. Raja of Kalinjar. but he was subsequently defeated and slain by the Nawab's forces. Rai Saheb. BHAGWAN BAKHSH SINGH (of AmetM). Raja of Amethi). as a minor. and was recognized December 4. Jamdhor Singh. After his death. BHAGWAN DAS. Rao Amar Singh. December 4. descended from Prithvi Chand. saluted a celebrated fakir with the respectful address of Bandagi Mian. took Pokhra Ansari. Haidargarh.

Subadar-Major. BHAG WANPUK. 1892. 1834. in recognition of M his long and valuable . Residence : Akola. BHAGWAT. Punjab. BHAGWAN SINGH. b. Entered the service of the Government of Bengal in the year 1839.D. For the latter service they received as a reward the remission of a year's commutation tax. Sardar Ram Singh. Received the title on January 2. BHAG WAT MAHANTI. is an Honorary Magistrate in the Ambala district . BHAGWAN SINGH. and onesixteenth of the whole has been excused in perpetuity. The title was conferred on May 30. The Sardar Bhagwan Singh. March 3. 1890. Rai Bahadur. His son is named Brijandar Singh. the first Sikh war. Peshawaria. whose title of Sardar is hereditary. Rai Bahadur. and lastly during the Mutiny in 1857. Residence: Mandalay. See Surajbhan Singh. Rai Bahadur. 1899. son of Jugal Mahanti. 1821 . received the title of Sardar Bahadur as a personal distinction. V. 1891. acquired the territory of Buner and other districts in 1751 a. and served for more than fifty years in a large number of offices with ability and fidelity. Burma. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Sohana Bedwan. Sardar Bahadur. Rdjd of. retiring on pension in 1891. belonging to a family of Karan or Utkal Kayasthas. Lala.d. and on January 1. b. In 1870 he received a gold watch and chain from the Bengal Government.. Ambala. Belongs to a Jat family.BHAGWAN DAS. The family appear to have done good service during the Gurkha campaign. Berar. Rao Saheb. whose founder.

1855. The Rao has a son. named Omar Singh. The title is hereditary . Bhumia of. Residence : Pompalo. and Sadanand Mahanti.— A prefix. BHAISAKHO. Bhuvaneshwar Mahanti. The title is hereditary. r&gt. . Paramanand Mahanti. Govindacharan Mahanti. and is said to have been originally received from Gori Shah. BHAGYAKUL. Orissa. 34 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA The Kai Bahadur has seven sons — Ramkrishna Mahanti. Jaikrishna Mahanti. In 1820 the then Bao received a sanad from Sir John Malcolm. Rdjd of. Rao. Badshah. Oudh.services. Nandakishor Mahanti. Residence : Nimar. and in 1886 the title of Rai Bahadur was conferred upon him as a personal distinction. BHAGWATI PRASAD SINGH (of Balrampur). Central Provinces. b. Kothdesh. BHAIRON SINGH (of Maslai). Residence : Gonda. See Srindth Rai. March 22. BHAI." as well as in consideration of "his successful exertions during the famine of 1866 " . Puri. The present Raja succeeded the late Maharani in 1896. See Ghari. Rdjd. BHAISATJNDA (BUNDELKHAND).

population 12. A ruling chief. The Jagirdar's great-grandfather. Residence : Bhaisola. Central India. and after their expulsion was confirmed in the possession of the Rana by a sanad from the British Government. Newal Kisor. dated September 4. 1815. The Jagirdar maintains a force of 52 soldiers. from the British Government. 1842.106. Thakur Bhim Singh. He succeeded to the gadi on January 16. The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family .Chaube Chhatarsal Prasad. Thdkur of. Residence : Bhajji. Jdgirdar of. A ruling chief. BHAISOLA or DOTRIA (BH0PAWAR). The population of the State is nearly 3000. Rana Durga Singh. See Bhaya. whose founder in early times came from Kangra. 1875. and was born about the year 1821. . Rdnd of. Killadar of Kalinjar (see Paldeo). Succeeded to the gadi in the year 1842. chiefly Hindus. Central India. Its area is 94 square miles. b. 1886. Succeeded to the gadi on November 18. Belongs to a Rajput family. It was overrun by the Gurkhas between 1803 and 1815 . The area of the State is 12 square miles. descended from Ram Krishna Chaube. A ruling chief. The Jdgirdar is of a Chaube Brahman (Hindu) family. Bhopawar. its population over 4000. The chief maintains a military force of 60 infantry and 1 gun. Residence : Bhaisaunda. was third son of Ram Krishna Chaube. and received a sanad. referred to above . BHAIYA. Punjab. and was born about the year 1878. and acquired the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) by conquest. Bundelkhand. chiefly Hindus. BHAJJI.

1835. Saispal. in the Mutiny of 1857. Sind. who was conspicuous for his loyalty. 1858.BHALUSNA. is descended from a Koli (Hindu) family. whose ancestors had in early times the title of Thakur. The title is hereditary. The Jam is a considerable Jdgirdar in the district of Shikarpur. and on his death was succeeded by his only son. Jam. and was conferred on July 18. The title is hereditary. Bombay. BHAMB0 KHAN. about 1852 . CLE. See Ramkrishna. Belongs to a Lodhi family. Central Provinces. Mahi Kantna. BHAMGARH. when converted to Muhammadanism by Sayyid Jalal-ud-din. and for the brave resistance he and his followers offered to the rebels. Residence : Narsinghpur. b. . on Raja Surat Singh Bahadur (cousin of the present Raja). Rdjd Manbodh Singh Bahddur. they bear the titles of Mian and Khan respectively. Thakur Mulsinghji. He was appointed an Honorary Magistrate . Rao of. See Ram Singh. b. The Jam has two sons — Khan Muhammad Alam Khan and Gulam Ali Khan. Ramkrishna Gopal. BHANDARKAR. and have been settled in the Narsinghpur district from time immemorial. the succession of his uncle. A ruling chief . When Raja Surat Singh died in 1870. the present Rdjd Bahddur. Residence: Shikarpur. Residence: Bhalusna. having been originally conferred on the Jam's ancestor. Thdkur of. Rdjd Bahadur. In 1835 the title of Rao was conferred on Surat Singh (afterwards Raja Bahadur) by the Raja of Delehri. BHAN PARTAB (of Imjhira). was recognized by the Government.

Thdkur Bhagwan Singh. chiefly Hindus. Central Provinces. 1858. Bhopawar. BHARGO RAO. Rdjd of. b. The population of the State is 1724. The Thakur succeeded his father. 1893. BHARRAI. Residence: Manbhum. Central India. Rao Sdheb of. Is an Honorary Magistrate. Thdkur. 1898. succeeded to the gadi in 1858. The Manki has a son named Jagannath Singh. BHARAWAN. Manki. BHARAT SINGH. Jabalpur. Rdjd of. Rao Bahadur. Residence : Central Provinces. BHAO SINGH (of Piparia). A ruling chief. Rdjd of. Keceived the title on January 1. Residence : Kampti. Rai Saheb. Central Provinces. The title was conferred on January 1. BHARADPURA (BHOPAWAR). BHANUDAS NAIDU. See Bhopal Singh. The title is hereditary. Bengal. The chief is a Bhilala. Residence: Piparia. See Malkhan Singh and Gajraj Singh. BHAREH. Chief of. See Rup Sinha. born about 1848 . Residence: Bharadpura. This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally recognized by the Government. who bears the title of Babu. . Bhumia Udai Singh.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 35 BHANDRA. See Madho Singh.

The title was conferred on June 22. Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1853. and seven generations further comes His Highness the present Maharaja. The population of the State is 2234. Residence: Bhartpur.BHARTPUR. The fifteenth in descent from Balchand was the Maharaja Brig Singh. Rao Bahadur. Rawat Sheo Singh. The Rawat is a Chandrawat Rajput (Hindu). He is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. who founded the Bhartpur State about the beginning of the 18th century. The banner of this chief is coloured red. BHATGAON. descended from Balchand. The area of the State is about 1974 square miles . Bahadur Jang. born about the year 1842. His Highness maintains a military force of 1647 cavalry. His Highness Maharaja Birjindar Sawai Sir Jaswant Singh Bahadur. b. Rdwat of. Succeeded to the gadi in 1861. and 2 guns more as a personal distinction. 1897. A ruling chief. its population 645. BHATKHERI. Residence : Bombay. and 54 guns. BHASKARA.666 Muhammadans and 4499 Jains. See Ramnad.I. Is of a Jat (Hindu) family. Is Darbar Vakil for Baroda State. Rdjd. 1871. . 1815. See Kunjal Singh. BHASKERAO BALKRISHNA PITALE (of Baroda). Sri Lachmanji Sahai.S. chiefly Hindus. chiefly Hindus. its motto is. 8207 infantry. G. but with 105.C.. A ruling chief. invested with full powers March 4. His son is the Kunwarji Ram Singh Bahadur. Mahdrdjd of. Rajputana.540.

and after whom the eastern part of the province of Kathiawar is called Gohelwad. Central India. fought with Ala-ud-din Khilji in 1303 a.d. April 26.d. the capital of the State was at Sihor. Succeeded to the gadi on the death of his father. at which time (1722-23 a.) an encounter with the Mahratta army took place near Sihor and resulted in the defeat of the Mahrattas. which show that the Gohels ruled in Saurashtra (Kathiawar) from a very remote period. G. There are evidences going as far back as 812 a. while Colonel Tod and others assert that the Gohels belong to the Solar race. with Bhausingji as ruler. On the fall of the Delhi Empire.d. the founder of the Shaka era. The old family title of " Rawal " was earned (as appears at page 258 of Tod's WesternIndia) at the memorable battle of Chitor.S. who belonged to the Lunar or Chandravansi race.C. when the Mahratta power gradually rose into importance. b. The struggle showed the weakness of the position of the 36 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . the late Maharaja Sir Takhtsinghji Jaswatsinghji. Thdkur of. His Highness Maharaja Bhausinghji. A ruling chief . The Gohels claim to be descended from the celebrated Pandavs.I. Any account of the predecessors of His Highness would cover the history of the illustrious tribe or clan of the Gohel Rajputs of Kathiawar. of whom he is the chief. and so trace their line from the celebrated Shalivahan. Western Malwa. 1875.Residence: Bhatkheri. BHAUNAGAR.

and was succeeded by his son Akherajji. and.capital. The latter effected great and rapid improvements in his dominions. studded the country with important public works. intersected his State with roads. who. died in 1852. and Bhausingji chose the present site and founded the city of Bhaunagar. civil and criminal. He died in 1816. Wakhatsinghji largely extended his dominions. and in 1771 assisted the British Government in reducing the pirate stronghold of Talaji. at the request of the Resident at Baroda. and was succeeded by his son Wajesinghji. at a cost of over . gave shelter to Raghunath Rao Peshwa. his son Bhausingji having died during his lifetime. Akherajji III.d.. Akherajji assisted the Mahrattas against the Mughal Viceroy Mominkhan. His loyalty to the British Crown was second to none in India. instituted a State Council. he constructed over 120 miles of railway at an expense of over eighty lacs of rupees.. died in 1854. who after a prosperous reign. extending over a period of thirty-six years. beautified his capital with permanent buildings of a most ornamental character. and having no male issue was succeeded by his brother Jaswatsinghji. sending him to Bombay in one of his own vessels. and was succeeded by his grandson Akherajji III. who died in 1870. generous in his grants for the public good. then a refugee. and during his lifetime cultivated the friendship of the British then trading in Surat. He died in 1764 a. It was this ruler. and revised the State laws. was a wise ruler and intrepid soldier. Liberal in his charities. too. which he considered more secure. and was succeeded by his son Wakhatsinghji. and was succeeded by his son Takhtsinghji. Akherajji died in 1772.

Crest: An Eastern galley argent t profile in full sail. Sir M.E.C. service with bezant. and his State is situated in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills.. Sir. Residence : The Motibagh Palace. The Seim is a Khasi. A ruling chief . 1898. Bhaunagar. See Rajendra Narayan Rai. Residence : . See Mancherji Mehrwanji Bhaunagri. of which corps he was Honorary Colonel. the population 464. Motto: j^pj ifiq ^^ c|TqT ("Man proposes but God disposes") on a label azure. 1889.671. Ram Singh. K. See Mancherji. Received the title on May 21. a lion statant of the first. BHAURAI RANCHODRAI DESAI. BHAWANI PARSHAD.I. BHAUNAGRI. about 1864.41. Assam.I. Residence: Godhra. in chief on a canton of the second. Khasi and Jaintia Hills. BHAVNAGRI. Rdjd of. he formed for Imperial service a regiment of Lancers — 350 strong — of men chiefly of his own clan.000. Arms: Gules. The area of the State is 2860 square miles . Bombay. Seim of.C. Is Diwan of Bijawar State. Received the title on June 3.five lacs of rupees. Residence: Bhawal.00. Rao Saheb. M. 1899. b. an eagle or displayed . Its population is about 555. chiefly Khasis and Christians. Succeeded to the gadi September 25. K. E. BHA WAL. Rai Bahadur. and the annual gross revenue Rs. BHA WAL. Supporters : Two bulls argent rampant.

BHERI. and was conferred on June 1. 1899. Rao of. See Lai Singh. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 37 . 1895 . See Chet Singh. BHIK CHAND. BHIKAM NARAYAN SINGH (of Deo). Rai Saheb. Received the title on June 3. Received the title on May 21. Central India.Bijawar. Rdni. Punjab.— A prefix. BHAYA MALL. for eminent services in the Medical Department. 1899. BHIKHAJI AMUT CHAUBE. Lala. BHAWANI PRIYA BARUANI (of Gauripur). Rdjd Bahadur. Residence : Quetta. Residence : Goalpara. 1888. 1890. Bombay. Sarddr of. Residence: Bombay. Khdn Saheb. The title is personal. and that of Rai Bahadur on June 3. See Bhikhaji. Residence : Peshawar. and was conferred on January 1. BHIKAJI RATANJI RANA. Rest* dence : Baroda. Assam. 1898. Rao Saheb. The title of Rai Saheb was conferred on January 1. Seth. Rao Saheb. BHAYA. See Deo. The title is personal. BHIKAJI AMUT CHAUBE. BHIKRA. Rai Bahadur. Baluchistan.

b. BHOJAKHERI. The title is personal. Received the title on June 3. Central India. for eminent scholarship and oriental learning. Residence : Bhilodia. Mahdmahopddhydya. Bombay. Rao of. . Residence: Military Works Department. BHOLA RAM. BHIMACHAEYA BIN RAMBHAT ZALFIKAR. 1893 (as a shareholder with one other). Khdn Saheb. Simla. 1899. The Rao is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. 1888. 1879. Thdkur of. and was conferred on May 1. Western Malwa. Rewa Kantha. and was conferred on January 2. and a population of 2213. See Udai Partab Singh. Rai Bahadur. Residence : Bhojakheri. BHOAR. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput family. The title is personal. Rao Bhawani Singh. BHINGA. Rdjd Bahadur of. BHINAI. Rdjd of. The title is personal.BHILODIA. See Krishna Singh. A ruling chief. See Mangal Singh. Residence: Bengal. Pandit. and was born about the year 1858 . Rai Bahadur. 1894. Residence : Bombay. Residence : Bombay. BHIMJIBHAI RUSTAMJI ASHBURNER. chiefly Hindus. and was conferred on January 1. succeeded to the gadi on December 9. The State has an area of 5 square miles. Thdkur of. 1898. Thakur Chhatrasinghji Raesinghji. The population of his State is about 250. in 1892. Succeeded to the gadi on November 10. BHOLA MISR. A ruling chief.

who was succeeded by the latter in 1868. Her Highness was created in 1872. in 1809. the Nawab Sultan Jahan Begum..S. and again in 1817. The State of Bhopal has usually been on the friendliest terms with the British authorities. mother of the ruling Princess. The first husband of Her Highness the Nawab Shah Jahan Begum died in 1867. In 1778. A ruling princess. Her Highness Nawab Shah Jahan Begum. on his death in 1844.BHOPAL. who took advantage of the weakness of the Mughals after the death of that Emperor to establish his independent authority in Bhopal and the neighbour- ing districts.I. Her Highness the Nawab Shah Jahan Begum is the seventh in lineal descent from the famous Dost Muhammad Khan. and has .I. An interesting feature in Bhopal history has been the fact that the Princesses of the ruling family have very frequently taken the most prominent part in the administration of the State. at the commencement of thePindari war. Dost Muhammad was an Afghan officer in the service of Aurangzeb.. on the occasion of General Goddard's march across India . and succeeded to the gadi on November 16. was born July 3. Begum of. in recognition of her high administrative qualities. Bhopal did good service to the British Power. founder of the Bhopal dynasty. C. G. at the time of General Close's expedition . 1838.C. 1868. a Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India . the Nawab Jahangir Muhammad . the latter has been acknowledged as Her Highness's heir-apparent. Kudsia Begum was succeeded in 1837 by her son-in-law. was succeeded by his widow. leaving one daughter. her late Highness Sikandar Begum. and the latter.

subsequently been appointed by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Empress to the Order of the Crown of India. Nizam Shah of Mandla. Her Highness the Nawab Begum maintains a military force of 803 cavalry. Residence : Bhopal. from which the Bhopal family is descended. Thdkur. Is descended from a Rajput family of the Kshatriya tribe. In 1871 she contracted a second marriage with the Maulavi Muhammad Sadik Husain. The title is hereditary. 1827. and 69 guns . 1896. the Mirazai Khel. chiefly Hindus. with 2 guns more within the limits of the Bhopal territory. Central Provinces. 1870. Rdjd.000 belonging to aboriginal tribes. Crest : A sheaf of arrows charged with a lily argent. Nawab Consort. Motto : JVasr Minullah. clan Chandra-Bansi- . a tower or within twelve musk blossoms proper in bordure. and is entitled to a salute of 19 guns. proper. The title is hereditary. Supporters: Mahsir (fish). a descendant of a noble family of Bokhara. The area of the State is 6872 square miles. The heir-apparent. and was originally derived from Raja. Succeeded the late Raja Aman Singh on December 7. b. the Nawab Sultan Jahan Begum. was married in 1874 to Ahmad Ali Khdn. a member of the Afghan clan. 2030 infantry. Arms: Vert.000 Muhammadans. April 28. but including over 80. and about 120. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BHOPAL SINGH (of Bhandra). Jabalpur. b. Central India. BHOPAL SINGH (of Urni Piparia). Residence: Bhandra. its population is nearly a million. having been originally derived from the Gond Rajas of Mandla. 6000 Jains.

Is a Brahman (Hindu). Succeeded to the gadi February 12. Narsinghpur. In 1867 the Thakur was made an Honorary Magistrate.d. the family is said to have migrated to the Gwalior and Jhansi territories. Poona. The present Pant Sachiv is the natural heir of Chimnaji Pandit. Berar. b. 1888. 1854. and was rewarded with a money grant and a parwdna. who reigned at Delhi in 1193 a. BHOTE KHAN LALKHAN. and were rewarded by Government with the village of Pat Ras. This family claims to be descended from Raja Anang Pal. the Pant Sachiv was one of the eight hereditary Ministers of the old Mahratta Empire. Bisram Singh and Narwar Singh. where some of its branches remain. Residence : Piparia. In 1842 the Thakur Bhopal Singh. Two brothers of this family. BHOR. The title is personal. The area of the State is 1491 square miles. Sankar Rao Chimnaji. chiefly Hindus.Tomar (or Tomar of the Lunar race). Khdn Saheb. the late Pant Sachiv .&lt. After the subversion of the Tomar dynasty. with his father and brother. They captured the fort of Ajaigarh and subdued the country round Mandla and Kurai . who was adopted by Raghunathrao on payment of nazars to the Raja of Satara and to the British Government. 1871. Central Provinces. Pant Sachiv of. Rendered good service in the time of the Mutiny. Residence: Bhor. Bombay. and provided with military appointments. and its population 145. captured a rebel. A ruling chief. . Residence: Khamgaon. and were rewarded with the tdhika Sainkhera. and was conferred on June 1. were called in by the Gond Raja of Mandla.876.

The title was conferred on June 22. and who rendered good service in the Lushai Expedition of 1871-72. See Kantit. Sarddr. Residence : Chittagong Hill Tracts. CLE. The title is hereditary. 1836. to the exclusion of Bhag Singh's son. Bengal. See Piyagpur. BHUBAN MOHAN RAI. Descended from Sardar Amar Singh. Bengal. by supplying coolies. Hari Singh. Residence : Dacca. BHUBAN MOHAN RAH A. Rdjd. etc. The Raja is the son and successor of the late Raja Haris Chandra. 1897. who was the chief of the Chakma clan in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. But Budh . formerly of great wealth and power in the Gurdaspur district. BHUP INDRA BAHADUR SINGH (of Kantit). BHUP SINGH. It was conferred by the Emperor of Delhi for approved service. Rdjd. b. the earliest Rajas being Raja Pratapaditya Rai and Raja Basanta Kumar Rai. Rdjd Rai. Residence : Khulna. The title was conferred on January 1. Rdjd. Sarddr Bhag Singh. (of Piyagpur). who overran the greater part of the district. survived his father only three years . Rai Bahadur. and on his death his cousin Budh Singh took possession of the estates. Belongs to the Bagga (Jat) family. Bengal.BHOWNAGGREE. See Bhaunagri. This is one of the titles that appear never to have been formally recognized by Government. BHUP INDRA BIKRAMA SINGH. Bagga (of Dabanwala). boats. 1894. BHUGANGA BHUSAN RAI. His son and successor.

1897. Hooghly. Residence: Bansberia. Bengal. BHUPENDRA. This is a title that appears not to have been formally recognized by Government. Rai Bahadur. Bakarganj. The family at one time possessed three farmdns of the time of the Emperor Muhammad Shah. 1857 . The family claims to have received it from the Emperor Aurangzeb in the year 1090 Hijrah. Bengal.Singh was deprived of his possessions by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. and states that the original sanad was in their possession up to the time of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. Punjab. Residence: Gurdaspur. b. in 1877. BHUPENDRA NARAYAN RAI (of Madhavapassa). Bakarganj. who was the father of the present Sarddr. This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognized by Government. Rdjd. bearing the seal of the Nawab Murshid Kuli Khan. received the title on January 1. . Subsequently the Lahore Darbar assigned a jdgir to Hari Singh. Rdjd Rai and Mahdsai. confirming Udai Narayan Rai in the Zaminddri of Chandradip. February 13. Residence : Poona. BHURAYA JUL! AY A. BHUPENDBADEB RAI. See also Bhup Indra. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA CO Residence : Madhavapassa.

He sutceeded to the gadi on August 23. Western Malwa. BIDH00. BHUTNATH DE. and was conferred on June 1. its population is estimated at 200. The title of CLE. Residence: Bichhrod. BHYS0NDA. was born about the year 1360.000. The population of his State is about 366. The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindi) family.. and a Thibetan by race. The title is personal. The area 'of the State is about 20. 1885. Thakur Madho Singh. Central India. and succeeded to the gadi in 1878. and succeeded to the gadi on April 17. was born about the year 1847. Residence : Bichhrod. Residence: Dholpur. A ruling chief. Thakur Ratan Singh. CLE. chiefly Buddhists. Rai Saheb. was conferred on May 24. 1874.. Rajputana. Residence: Public Works Department. 1888. BICHH10D I. A ruling chief . ThdJiur of. SeeBhaya. His Highness the Deb Raja is a Buddhist by religion. Thdkutof. Western Malwa. 1883. A ruling chief. Residence: Bhutan. BICHHROD II. 1897. The Thakur is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family . Simla. Residence: Raipur. . The title was conferred on June 22. See Bidhu. See Bhaisaunda. Deb Mjd of. chiefly Hindus. Thakur. His Highness Sangay Dorji. Centra! Provinces. BICHU SINGH.BHUTAN. Central India.000 square miles . BHYA. Rai Bahddur. BIDHU BHUSAN BANERJI.

a collateral branch of that which rules at Orchha. Residence : Bihora. Thakur of. BIHARI LAL KHAZANCHI. Jdgirddr of. He was born on November 16. and subsequent generations occupying Gurha in Bihat State. 75 infantry. Bundelkhand. BIHARI LAL BARICK. BIJA. Aperbal Singh. A ruling chief . 1899. Rao Bahddur. and 1 gun. Rewa Kantha. obtained a sanad from the British Government in 1807. Central Provinces. was the common ancestor of the Orchha and Bihat families — his third son. its population is chiefly Bhil (aboriginal). Bombay. BIHAT. Seth. and succeeded to the gadi on April 9. Received the title on January 2. 1897. Area of State is rather under 1 square mile . The Rao maintains a military force of 5 cavalry. Residence : Gaya. Succeeded to . Rao Mahum Singh. 1858. settling at Etaura. Rai Bahddur. Dya Pal. Residence : Jabalpur. Thakur Ude ClMmdL. 1872. A ruling chief. and that of Rao Bahddur on May 20. 1896. and finally Bihat itself. Central Provinces. Is a Gayawal of Gaya. 1829. A ruling chief. Residence: Bihat. Chief of Bihat. Babu. The title of Rao Saheb was conferred on June 1. BIH0RA. Residence : Hoshangabad. Central India. chiefly Hindus. Rai Saheb. The area of the State is about 13 square miles .BIHARI LAI. The Rao is descended from an ancient Bundela Rajput (Hindu) family. who ruled at Mahoni.Thdkur of. The Thakur belongs to a Rajput (Muhammadan) family. 1854. b. 1888 . Bengal. Arjun Pal. b. The title was conferred on June 22. Thakur Sardarbawa. its population 4704.

Punjab. and received. for the capture of a famous rebel named Mir Khan. The State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) has an area of 4 square miles. it is said. Subahdar of the Nagpur Raja. Raja Nizam Singh. Garab Chand. Rdjd.the gadi 1841. and a drum were bestowed on Raja Sangram Shah by the late Nawab Sidak Ali. a belt. and a population of 1158. 1849. a staff. but when they were expelled by the British in the latter year. together with a . Succeeded his father. 1859. on conditions of feudal service.D. The present Raja's father. The 40 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Thakur maintains a military force of 10 men. in 1871. chiefly Hindus. Residence : Bija. It was overrun by the Gurkhas between 1803 and 1815 . as 921 A. the younger son of Raja Bariya Singh of Fatehpur. when Pahar Singh. came from Ujjain in early times and conquered this territory. came to Chichli and Sangal. dating so far back. BUM BAHADUR (of Chichli). The title is hereditary . Belongs to a Rajput family (Hindu). the Thakur was confirmed in possession by a sanad. The family were settled at Fatehpur in Hoshangabad until 1227 . rendered good service to Government in the time of the Mutiny in 1857 . Raja Nizam Singh. b. The sanad has been destroyed by age. and was originally conferred by the Gond Kaja of Mandla. dated September 19. In 1808 a flag. a sanad of loyalty. in consideration thereof. whose founder.

See Burdwan. b. 1895. 1847. and the Bijawar territory is a portion of that which was ruled by his great ancestor. A ruling chief. with chauri and staff. son of Nizam Singh. is descended from Jagat Raj. North-Western Provinces. chiefly . Nizam Singh Sut Bijai Bahadur Singh. The area of the State is about 974 square miles. BIJAI BAHADUR SINGH (of Bijaigarh). BIJAI CHAND MAHTAB. which is " May the god Narsingh always help Bijai Bahadur Singh. obtained a sanad from the British Government in 1811. Central Provinces. BIJA WAR. 1844. December 24. named Kesri Singh." Residence: Narsinghpur. the motto on the Raja's seal is Sado Sahai Narsingh. b. Rdjd . The family banner is a yellow flag or pitambar. The title is an ancient one. He was also made an Honorary Magistrate. Residence : Mirzapur. His Highness the Chief of Bija war. Succeeded to the gadi November 23. Mahdrdjd of. 1842. See Bijai Bahadur Singh. and the son of the latter. The Raja Bijai Bahadur has a son whose name is Lai Saheb. BIJAIGARH. like those of Charkhari and Ajaigarh. Succeeded to the Raj on May 11.sword of honour and a money grant. Rdjd of. and is hereditary. the second son of the Maharaja Chhatarsal. its population 113. His Highness Maharaja Sawai Bhan Fartab Singh Bahadur.285. The great-grandson of the last-named is the present Maharaja Bahadur. The second son of Jagat Ra j was Birsinghdeo of Bijawar . MahdrdjKumdr.

The area of the State is 27 square miles. b. chiefly Hindus. Rani of. claiming descent from . His Highness maintains a military force of 100 cavalry.) Residence : Bijni. Central India. and 13 guns. A ruling chief.v. descended from Bika Singh.Hindus. BUNI. 1887. The chief maintains a military force of 4 cavalry. BUNA. Is a Rahtor Rajput. Bundelkhand. Jdgirddr of. the State being an offshoot of that of Orchha (q. Diwan Savant Singh of Bijna was the second son of Diwan Rai Singh. the Lord of the World ") . Residence. Central India. obtained a sanad from the British Government in 1823 . Maharaja of. and is in possession of ihe Bijni estates. A ruling chief.). who was the sixth son of Rao Jodha. The family is Bundela Rajput (Hindu) . and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. Goalpara.v. Bijna. 30 infantry. 1879. Is a iu ember of the Hashtbhaiya family {see Dhurwai). its population 2084. Sawanfc Singh's grandson. Bijawar. b. and 2 guns. Assam. January 1838. and his grandson :s the present chief.). Sueceeded to the gadi in 1850. Diwan Makund Singh. Surjun Singh. but with 2405 Muhammadans and 2506 Jains. Succeeded to the gadi August 19. 1000 infantry. Bundelkhand. Is the widow of the late Raja Kumud Narayan Bhup of Bijni. Residence. who are Bundela Rajputs. The Bijni family is descended from a younger son of one of the Rajas of Kuch Behar (q. its motto is Agnipratdp Vishicestia (Hindi. Chief of Jodhpur {q. and its banner was unfurled at the Delhi Imperial Assemblage in 1877. the founder of Bikanir. the common ancestor of the Hashtbhaiya. meaning "As lire resplendent.v. BIKANIR. His Highness Maharaja Raj Rajeshwar Siroman Sri Gangt Singh Bahadur.

Khandesh. A ruling chief . BILASPUR.000 Muhammadans and 21. The population of the State is about 276.Umalrai.340 square miles. Chief of. chiefly Hindus.000 Jains. His Highness maintains a military force of 400 cavalry. b. chiefly Hindus. A ruling chief. 564 infantry. but with over 50. Rdjd of. b. its population 509. BDLASPUR. Is descended from a Puar family. BILBARI. Is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. Bombay. Residence: Bilauda. Residence : Bikanir. See Mumtaz Ali Khan. BILAUDA. The State is one of the numerous Dang States in Khandesh .d. Central India. Rajputana. its area is under 2 square miles. The area of the State is 22. The title was confirmed to the family. Thakur Samrat Singh.021. . Atraula. about 1860. Mhosha walad Vaghu. Thdkur of. He is entitled to a salute of 17 guns. and its population about 1418. fifty-sixth in descent from Rama. Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1878. about 1872. See Kahlur. by the Emperor Ahmad Shah of Delhi in 1752 a. The Bikanir flag is yellow and red— the former representing Lakshmindrdyan. and the latter Devi. Western Malwa. Residence: Bilbari. and 91 guns. in the person of the THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 41 Maharaja Guj Singh. chiefly Bhils (aborigines).

E. BeD gal. 1898. The title is personal. Central Provinces. Rai Bahadur. Bengal. Residence : Hatwa. partly Hindus. Rai.E. Received the title on January 2. Rdjd. BINAYA KRISHNA DEB. Residence : Allahabad. Residence: Bara Banki. BINDA PARSHAD.BILEHRA. Created a CLE. Kunwar. CLE. Residence: Nagpur.Western Provinces. Received the title on Janu- ary 1. The population is about 600. was created a C. BIPIN BIHARI CHAKRAVARTTI. Residence : Bilod. See Hanumant Singh. Residence: Calcutta. and the succession to the gadi was undecided at the time when information was obtained in 1891. A ruling chief.I. 1898. on May 21. Central India.I. 1888. partly Muhammadan . This State is in Western Malwa. The title was conferred on May 25. Lieutenant. 1895. . The Khan of. Central India. 1893. 1898. C. 1899. Residence : Sirmur. Rai Bahadur. Oudh. The title was conferred on June 3. the ruling family is Muhammadan. on January 1. BIPIN KRISHNA BASU (BOSE). Rai Bahadur. BHfc BIKRAMA SINGH. BIL0D. who is Commandant of the Sirmur Imperial Service Infantry. BIPIN BIHARI B0SE (or BASU).. The Kunwar. and was conferred on June 1. Rdjd of. North.

1897. Residence : Madhavapassa. he was promoted to be a Knight Grand Commander of the same Most Exalted Order. This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognized by Government. See Rameshwar Bakhsh Singh. on May 25. Prime Minister of Nepal. Central Provinces. and on June 22. Bengal. for eminent services as Inspector of Schools. MaMrdjd Sir. Rdjd of Baramba. Bengal. Bakarganj. and was conferred on February 16. His Excellency the Prime Minister of Nepal was. Rai Bahadur. Bakarganj. . Nepal. The title was conferred on June 22. Rai Saheb. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Majesty the Queen Empress. 1897. Rdjd. BIRESHWAR DATT. created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. 1892..C. The title was conferred on June 22. BIRA SINGHA NARAYAN RAI (of Madhavapassa). G. bearing the seal of the Nawab Murshid Kuli Khan. Residence: Hazaribagh. Residence: Commissariat Department. Simla. BIRESHWAR CHATTERJI. Rana Bahadur. Rdjd of. BISAMBHAR BIRBAR MANGRAJ MAHAPATTAR. The title is personal.BIRSHAMSHER JANG. Lala.I. BIRSINGHPUR. 1887. Residence: Jabalpur. 1897. Residence : Khatmandu. BISHAMBHAR NATH. Rai Bahadur. confirming Udai Narayan Rai in the Zaminddri of Chandradip. The family at one time possessed three farmdns of the time of the Emperor Muhammad Shah. See Baramba.S.

Central Provinces. Besidence : Kekri. BISHAN SARUP. 1896. 1897. BISHAN DAS.42 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA BISHAMBHAR NATH. The title was conferred on June 22. The title was conferred on January 1. and that of Rai Bahadur on May 24. Bai Saheb. Thdkur. Ajmir. Besidence: Bhartpur. BISHAN DATT (of Murwara). BISHAN CHANDRA DATTA. b. Besidence: Ladakh. Jabalpur. . Bai Bahadur. The title was conferred on May 25. Bai Bahadur. Munshi.Western Provinces. Bai Saheb. Besidence : Bongong. BISHAN DAS. 1877 .Rajputana. Lala. Received the title on June 3. 1899. The title of Rai was conferred on January 1. The tdluka was given to the family of Anrudh Singh Baldeo Sahai by Raja Nizam Shah of Mandla about 1743. Besidence : Bulandshahr. 1889. Pandit. 1892. Besidence: Murwara. The title was conferred on May 25. The Rai Saheb is Wazir-i-Wizarat of Ladakh. 1831. BISHAN LAL. Lala. Bai Bahadur. 1892. Munshi. Bao Bahadur. The title is hereditary. Besidence : North-Western Railway. North.

Ludhiana. The Sardar belongs to a Jat family. acquired by conquest some villages in the Ambala district more than a century ago.BISHAN SINGH (of Bheri). Bai Bahadur. Besidence : Partabgarh. descended from Sardar Mahtab Singh.d. Punjab. 1890. The title is hereditary. Miran Kotia. BISHEN LAL SINGH (of Kendi). Bdjd. Bengal. for distinguished services to the State of Nabha in the Punjab. The Raja has a son. who bears the courtesy title of Tikai. The title was conferred on May 20.I. BISHESHWAR BAKHSH SINGH. in the Hazaribagh district.E. who was Zaminddr of Kendi. BISHESHWAR NATH. This is one of the titles that have not been formally recognized by Government. The title is hereditary. BISHESHWAR BAKHSH SINGH. named Jswar Pras&amp. BISHAN SINGH (of Nabha). for good service in respect to State Railways. Sarddr. The title is hereditary. Punjab. Sardar Rai Singh. Besidence : Bheri. who lived in 1761 a. . 1896. Pandit. Besidence .Western Provinces. Bai. Bai. a Sikh chief famous for his prowess. Diwdn. North.d Singh. The Diwan was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. at the commencement of the 18th century. Hazaribagh. The family is descended from Raja Nabir Singh. Oudh. C. Besidence : Calcutta. Besidence: Nabha. His son. Besidence : Jaunpur.

BOBBILI. Is the son of the late Raja Gauri Narayan. and reverted to British control after the Bhutan war in 1865. Bdjd of. by Raja Gyan Chand. Gond Raja of Mandla. and is said to have been conferred orginally on Raghubar Singh. and in 1765 came under British rule. BOD. Bdjd. See Venkatasveta Chala-pathi Ranga Rao. Thakur. Bdjd. father of RaoBishunath Singh. Besidence : Dacca. 1892. BITHAR. BISHUNATH SINGH. descended from a family said to be descended from the ancestors of the Maharaja of Kuch Behar. The founder received a jdgir from the Raja of Kuch Behar . September 15. Has rendered good service as Deputy Postmaster-General. They were under Bhutiya control for some time. and received the title as a personal distinction on May 25. 1888. Thdkur. Central Provinces. Raja Jogindra Deo. Bdjd of. See Sheonath Singh. 1870. his descendants subsequently became subjects of the Mughal Empire. having been originally conferred by Raja Nizam Shah. North. Besidence : Goalpara. 1868. The title is hereditary. Bai Bahadur. b. Besidence: Jabalpur. The title is hereditary. The title is hereditary. Succeeded . Bengal. BISHUN NARAYAN (of Sidli). Ravu.BISHNATH SINGH (of Katra Balkhera)." Bao. b. Assam.Western Provinces. Succeeded his father on October 1. Eastern Bengal. and was conferred on August 14. A ruling chief. Besidence : Cawnpur. about 1857. Bdjd of. BISHNU CHANDRA DATTA.

seventy generations back. certain officers of the Muhammadan Emperor were passing through this State with troops en route to Puri. When Raja Pratap Deb was the ruler. 1874. On their reporting the facts to the Emperor. father of the present Raja. It is said that the Rajas of Bod have always been famous for their loyalty to the Emperors of India who were in power from time to time.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 43 to the gadi on October 5. the younger sons Babus. when certain Mahratta officers went to . The title of Raja has been enjoyed since the time of the Mahratta rule . the title of " Swasti Sri Derlakhya Dumbadhipati Jharkhund Mandaleswar" was conferred upon the then Raja. it was formally recognized by the British Government on May 21. and thus earned their favour. in the lifetime of the late Raja Pitambar Deo. Formerly there was a main route through this State to the Central and Western Provinces. founded by Ganda Mardan Deo. and whenever any persons duly accredited by the Muhammadan or Mahratta rulers passed over it. during which time the Raja treated them very hospitably. The eldest son of the ruling Raja is called the Jubaraj . Belongs to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. Some of the troops having caught fever it was necessary for them to halt there for about a month. 1879. the Rajas of Bod used to render them every assistance. and gained their good opinion. This title continued till the time of Raja Banamali Deb.

and committed much violence. Bengal. The title was conferred on January 1. Simla. The Raja maintains a military force of 592 infantry and 2 guns. The Sonpur people continued their pursuit up to Bod. See Baidya. B0G0LA NAND MUKARJI. Orissa. Rai Bahadur. . Rai Bahadur. chiefly Hindus. 1894. Residence : Bod.Sonpur to realize peshkash. Residence : Telegraph Department. Bengal. The people of Sonpur formed a conspiracy to kill the officers. Residence : Arrah. its population 130. Rai Bahadur. 1899. 1899. Shri. who conferred the title of " Swasti Sri Prabalapratapaditya Parutapa Danasampanna Jharkhand Badshah " on the Raja. and in consideration of the above. B0LAK CHAND. Residence: Murshidabad. but over 37. This title was subsequently abbreviated to " Jharkhand Paichha " . the Raja was once for all exempted from paying peshkash to the Mughal and Mahratta rulers. B0LANDRA. Thakur Salamsinghji. See Badu. Received the title on June 3.000 belonging to aboriginal tribes. B0DD00. where the Raja took them prisoners and sent them to Nagpur. BOLAICHAND PAIN. B0IDY0. This conduct of the chief very much pleased the Mahratta ruler.103. Received the title on January 2. The area of the State (which is one of those known as the Orissa Tributary Mahals) is about 2064 square miles . who fled to Bod for refuge.

A ruling chief. Residence: Poona. 1877. Rdjd of. Khan Bahadur. See Kristen dr a Rai. about 1836. and kept it in his craw until the danger was over . and was in danger of falling into the hands of the enemy. Khan Bahadur. Raja Indar Deo Bahadur. about 1865. that of Potait is 44 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . BOMANJI S0HRABJI. Bombay. Is descended from a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. who call themselves Kodam Bangsa. 1876. when a peacock swallowed it. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. B0NAI. Rdjd Bahadur of. it is said. Residence : Bolandra. b. Is descended from a Rajput (Hindu) family. Residence : Bombay. The title of Tikait is the courtesy title of the heir-apparent . was abandoned. and in gratitude the family adopted the peacock as its crest. Mahi Kantha. BOMANJI BYRAMJI PATELL. its population about 873. The infant. The title was conferred on January 1.Thdkur of. Succeeded to the gadi on September 12. chiefly Hindus. The title is personal. Bombay. The area of the State is about 14 square miles . because the progenitor of the race was born under a kodam tree. 1899. b. B0LIHAR. Rendered good service to the Government during the Keonjhar disturbances in 1867-68. A ruling chief . and was conferred on January 1.

Thakur Amar Singh. Thakur Bhairon Singh. The title was conferred on June 22. The Rajd Bahddur has the following sons — Tikait Nilambar Deo. chiefly Hindus.gpur Tributary Mahals) is about 1297 square miles. The title was conferred on May 25. A ruling chief . Rai Saheb. Calcutta. B0YD0 NATH DEY. Indore. 1899 . about the year 1858. Central India. Rai Saheb. Rai Bahadur. BRAHMA MOHAN MALLIK. Residence: Hughli. Thdkur of. Residence: Borkhera. A ruling chief. Ldl Hari Krishna Deo. Residence.026. Western Malwa. and Bdbu by the younger sons. Chota Nagpur. BORKHERA. BRAHMA NARAYAN SINGH. Thdkur of. Rai Bahadur. The population of the State is about 1000. Received the title on January 2. 1898. Bengal. Is Superintendent of the Toshakhana of the Government of India. The title was conferred on January 1. if any.borne by the second son. Punjab. 1897. that of Ldl by the third son.jput (Hindu) family. partly Muhammadans. BORKHERA (WESTERN MALWA). its population 24. This is one of the titles that appear . The area of the State (which is one of the Chota N&amp.1895. Residence : Rawal Pindi. BOOTA SINGH. Central India. Thdkur. Succeeded to the aadi in 1873. h. Potait Bishambar Deo. Residence : Punjab Frontier. Residence: Bonai. The Thakur is descended from a R&amp. Bengal. Residence : Borkhera. BONOMALLY CHUCKERBUTTY. partly Hindus.

and the younger. BRAMHANANDMAL. Rdjd. the Rai Bahadur having held many important public offices. In this family no name is given to a son till he attains the age of twelve years. Bengal.not to have been officially recognized. the third is styled Kumar. named Ramkanai Singh. The title is personal. Bahadur. 1820. See Brij Lai Singh. Subadar. having retired on pension . are styled Bdbu. The Thakur's sons all bear the courtesy title of Bdbu. 1882. It was originally conferred by one of the old Rajas of Kujung. This is one of the titles that appear not to have been formally recognized by Government. The family claims to be of Rajput descent. The younger sons of the Rajd. except the fourth. has the title of Hikim. bears the courtesy title of Jubardj .Pa?A. his name is Madan Mohan Singh. the second. This is one of the titles that appear never to have been officially recognized by Qrovernment. who sometimes has the courtesy title of Bara Thdkur.-ifcu. BRAJA KISHOR SINGH. Rai Bahadur . Residence : Cuttack. Residence : Barabhum. BRIJ BHUKAN LAL. Rdjd. Bengal. named Syamsandar Singh. Residence : Manbhum. and was conferred on May 24. below the third. The Raja's eldest son. whose name is Sarat Chandra Singh. Manbhum. Orissa. bears that of Hikim . BRAJA GOPAL SINGH. This is one of the titles that have never been formally recognized by Government. b. The Raja's elder son is styled Tikait . Residence : Manbhum. Bengal. BRIGLAL SINGH.

May 15. Residence : Bhowani Patna. and having been granted a medal by Government at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on January 1. Received the title of Bahadur on July 4. born 1891.Lai. and was conferred on October 8. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. born 1874 . one of the founders of the Jubilee High School. The title was conferred on May 20. Kalahandi State. 1879. Deccan. 1888. and Secretary to the Trustees of the Husainabad Endowment. 1897. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 45 BRIJ MOHAN LAL. Succeeded the late Raja Raghu Kesari Deo on October 21. Residence : Lahore. BRIJ MOHAN DEO. His son is named Ananda Prasad.in 1872. BBITTO. Manohar . Has borne for many years a high character for loyalty and benevolence. Subadar. Rao Saheb. 1896. 1899. Bansi Dhar. Is an Honorary Magistrate of Lucknow . his grandson. BRIJ LAL GHOSH. Residence : Assam. President of the Kayastha Sadar Sabha of India. his greatgrandson. Residence : Lucknow. Rat Bahadur. Punjab. b. Oudh. Residence : Hingoli. The title is personal. Rdjd. Salvador Felin. . BRIJ LAL SINGH. 1877. Central Provinces. Lucknow . Received the title on June 3. born 1846 . Bahadur. 1896. Rai Bahadur.

the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Appointed Bncdn-i-Rdj of Burdwan in 1877. Residence : Hyderabad. Residence : South Canara. BUDDHA KHAN. and was conferred on January 2. At the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on January . BUDDHA VARAPU NARAYANAMURTHI PANTULU. 1877. 1888. Title of Raja conferred. adopted by the third brother of the late Maharaja Adhiraj Mahtab Chand Bahadur of Burdwan on August 31. 1853. Bengal. BUDHO KHAN walad MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN. November 11. BUN BEHARI KAPUR (of Burdwan).v. Residence: Murshidabad. Residence : Hathan. Rao BaMdur. Madras. BULAKA SINGH. Sarddr. January 2. The title is hereditary. Rdjd. Sind. Is a brother of the Rai Bishan Chand Dudhuria Bahadur (q. 1856. Merwara. Mir. Is a Deputy-Collector. Rai Bahadur. Punjab. Residence : Lahore. b. 1898. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence: Madras Presidency. as a personal distinction. BUDH SINGH DUDHURIA. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The title is personal. The title is personal and was conferred on January 1. and was conferred on January 2. See Muhammad Askari. 1893. BULAND JAH.). The title is personal. 1888. Khan.1896. and Vice-President of the Burdwan Raj Council in 1879.

I. and 144 guns.C. Maharao Rdjd of . 1889. Rajputana. and sole Manager in 1891 . son of Rao Bakht Singh Deoji. 1894. Residence : The Bonabas.E. about 1868.1 . its population about 254. and has rendered admirable services to the Burdwan Raj and to the country for many years past.C. Succeeded to the gadi March 28. proper. 1885. Its area is 2300 square miles . His Highness Maharao Raja Sir Raghubir Singh Bahadur. Appointed Joint Manager. and Member of the District Board of Burdwan . and on January 23. K. who founded the State of Bundi about the year 1242 a. is a believer in Raghunathji. ruler of Bundi. meamng "Raja Ram Singh. His Highness was created a K.C. with the motto Sri Rangesh Bhagt Bundesh Ram Singhe. was appointed Honorary Magistrate. and a nephew of His Highness the late Maharaja Mahtab Chand Bahadurof Burdwan. 1835 infantry.I.I. on January 1. Residence : Bundi. chiefly Hindus. received a Certificate of Honour." The State is situated in that part of Rajputana known as the Haraoti and Tonk Agency. Burdwan. BUNDI.I.. 1897. but with 9477 Muhammadans and 3101 Jains. Crest : A horse's head.C. erased. He maintains a military force of 446 cavalry. He is the natural father of the present Maharaj-Kumar of Burdwan (who is still a minor) . .S.E. and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 1877.d. Is a Chauhan (Hara) Rajput (Hindu). a Member of the Bengal Legislative Council.. K. 1885. descended from Rao Deo Singh.S. on January 1. a brother-in-law of the late Maharaja Aftab Chand Bahadur. The flag of the family is coloured yellow.701. Burdwan Raj estate. b. and a K.

BUNYAD HASAN. migrated to Bengal. dated 24th Rabiwal Akhir. confirming him as Zamindar and Chaudhri of Burdwan. who received a similar farmdn from the Emperor Aurangzeb. Khan Bahadur. the latter received &amp.D. dated 5 th Jamadiwal Awol. under the Fauzdar of Chakld Burdwan. Residence : Bara Banki. was appointed Chaudhri and Kotwal of Rekabi Bazar. Abu Rai Kapur settled in district Burdwan.). October 19. and also succeeded his father as Chaudhri. BURDWAN. Maharaj-Kumar Bijai Chand Mahtab. whence Abu Rai. He was succeeded by Babu Rai. and in 1657 a. 1881. Belongs to a Kapur Kshatriya family of Kotli in Lahore. 1898. etc. who owned Pargand Burdwan and three 46 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA other estates. a scion of the same family. Succeeded by his son Jagat Rama Rai. .. Was adopted by the late Maharaja. who is also the guardian and manager of the large estates of the young Maharaj-Kumar. and his grandson Krishna Rama Rai . and is the son of Raja Bun Behari Kapur of Burdwan (q. Then followed in succession his son Gyaneshyam Rai. Maharaja of Burdwan. farmdn from the Emperor Aurangzeb. b.v. the founder of the Burdwan Raj family. Mahdrdj-Kumdr of . Mir. Oudh. Punjab. The title was conferred on January 1.). in the thirty-eighth year of his reign (1695 A.d. Succeeded the late Maharaja Aftab Chand Mahtab Bahadur.

and about the same time the same Emperor wrote him a friendly letter. in the year 1736 a.d. bands. etc. intimating his creation as Raja Bahadur. in the ninth year of the Emperor Shah Alam (1768 a. adding some Mahals. dated 7th Rajab. and the additional title of Bahadur . in the official /armom that followed. was added also the command of 2000 cavalry . and also as a Commander of 4000 infantry. received a similar farmdn from the same Emperor. a. Kirti Chandra Rai. who received a sanad from the Emperor Ahmad Shah.). He was succeeded by .d. the nephew of Kirti Chandra. He was succeeded by his son Chitra Sen Rai.d. mentioning him as Zamindar and Chaudhri of forty-nine Mahals in Pare/and Burdwan. sanad conferring the title of Maharaja Adhiraj. who. in 1771 a. He was succeeded by his cousin. the Maharaja Tej Chandra Rai.).d. etc. Kirti Chandra Rai received a second farmdn from the Emperor Muhammad Shah. In 1765 he received another sanad. and making him a Commander of 5000 infantry and 3000 cavalry. in the forty-eighth year of his reign (1705 a.in the forty-third year of his reign (1700 a.d. nakara. who succeeded. from the Emperor Shah Alam. confirming him as Raja of Burdwan. received a farmdn recognizing him as Zamindar of Chakld Burdwan. To this. and giving him the title of Raja. with authority for guns. received a similar sanad to the last-named. Raja Tilak Chandra Rai . and again his son.d. and lastly. who in the twenty-first year of the reign of the Emperor Muhammad Shah (1740 a. granting an increase of the Zaminddri.) .).d. dated 20th Sawab. by order of the Emperor. in the seventh year of his reign (1753 a. He was succeeded by his son.). he received from the Commander-inChief..

Maharaja Mahtab Chand. and again during the troubles of the Mutiny.. The supporters are. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Governor-General.flower . the Maharaja did everything in his power to strengthen the hands of the Government. and at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi on January 1. On his death in 1879 he was succeeded by his adopted son. who. and by keeping open the communications in the neighbouring districts. and was succeeded by his adopted son. couped. He managed his great estates with so much success that they became some of the most prosperous in Bengal . confirming him in the title of Maharaja Adhiraj Bahadur. on attaining his majority in 1881. who. also proper. received a farmdn from Lord William Bentinck. the present Maharaj-Kumar. as a personal distinction. and pendent therefrom an escutcheon of the last. The arms are azure. around the neck a riband azure.d. In 1868 he obtained for himself and his descendants the licence of Her Majesty to bear the arms and supporters described below . the late Maharaja Aftab Chand Mahtab. Burdwan. points downwards. the right to receive a salute of 13 guns. in all his father's honours and possessions. he was granted. who is still a minor. 1877. He died prematurely in 1888. and at the time of the Santal Rebellion in 1855. and pendent therefrom an escutcheon of the last. around the neck a riband gules. on either side an iron-gray horse regardant. The family colour is dark blue with scarlet facings. an ancient Hindustani shield proper. The crest is an iron-gray horse's head.his adopted son. charged with a lotus-flower proper. charged with a lotus. was installed at the Palace. in 1833 a. between in chief a crescent argent and in base two swords in saltire. by placing elephants and bullock-carts at the disposal of the authorities.

and Agra. Burdwan . Mahtab Manzil. The Aftab House. Cawnpur. Fakir Sayyid (of Lahore). It means " Recipient of the Medal of Honour for Good Service. Chinsurah. Central India. Kurseong. Received the title on May 21. and was conferred on January 22. and Dilaram. Residence: Ahmadnagar. and Dar-ul-Bahr (Dilkusha Gardens). Bengal. and other residences at Bhagalpur. BYRAMJI SORABJI CARDMASTER. and was conferred on January 1. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Al BURHAN-UD-DIN-KHAN. BTA GALE. Burma. Rai Bahadur. Bengal. 1898. The title is personal. The Retreat. Residence : Pegu. after the name. The Rajbati. Benares. Residence : Lahore. The title was conferred on January 1. The Rosebank. Bombay. The title is personal. Calcutta . BYRAMJEE DADABHOY. Ahmudan gating Tazeik-ya Min. The Rajbati. 1894. Bengal. Punjab.proper. Residences: The Palace. BTJTA MALL. Kalna. See Behramji Dadabhai. Maung.M. 1889. Khan Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. Rai Bahadur.T." and is indicated by the letters A. Khan Saheb. Bengal. BTJTA SINGH. 1888. Darjiling. Khan Bahadur. See Boota. Burdwan. Residence: Bhopal. . Alipur.

dividing his empire of Malabar among his eighteen feudatories. Raja Kizhakke Kovilagam Mana Vikrama Bahadur.d. signal service in subduing the stronghold of an eastern invader. the Chola King of Choladesh.S. and a small piece of land called Kokorikot — whence the modern Calicut — Cheraman Perumal bidding them win what more they wanted with the sword. among these the next eldest male to the Zamorin is the heir-apparent. In 1766 the then Zamorin. and retired from political life. C. by which the succession is always to the offspring of its female members only . . ruling over the greater part of South Malabar. when Vasco da Gama arrived at Calicut in 1498. 1832. the Maharaja Sir Mana Vikrama Bahadur. the Zamorin of Calicut.I.CALICUT. the Portuguese. the last Emperor of Malabar. so they were overlooked in the distribution of territory. The tradition is that there were two youths of the Eradi caste from Pumthura. who rendered Cheraman Perumal. Succeeded to the gadi on the decease of the late Zamorin. it chanced that these two youths were absent on a pilgrimage to Benares. who derived his title from Cheraman Perumal. near Erode. The family follows the well-known Marumaklcatayam law of inheritance. the last Emperor of Malabar. and were presented by the Emperor with his Imperial sword. K. From that time the Zamorins were mainly engaged in wars with the Rajas of Cochin and their allies. b. Zamorin of. he found the descendant of one of these youths.. Accordingly. At the last moment they returned. The present Zamorin is believed to be the 120th in descent from the founder of the family. When Cheraman Perumal became a Buddhist in 352 a.

and voluntarily perished in the flames. set fire to his palace. in the year 1848. who was succeeded by his brother Bandeh Ali Khan. His Highness married in 1876 the Bibi Gauhar Khanum Saheb." Residence: Calicut. Thenceforward the Zamorins were (with short intervals of attempts at rebellion) the subjects of Haidar and Tippu. and a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on May 25. Munim Khan Bahadur. 1892. and in 1882 the Bibi Khurshid Jahan Begum. descended from Mirza Jafar Nizam-ud-daula. who married the daughter of Momin Khan Dehlami. The area of the State is about . The Nawab at the time of the Treaty of Bassein in 1802 was Fateh Ali Khan. Nawab of Cambay. See Kamaleshwari. the Nawab Husain Yar Khan. His Highness Jafar Ali Khan Saheb Bahadur. b. A ruling chief. Succeeded to the gadi June 11. father of the present Nawab. and was succeeded by the present Zamorin. created a Maharaja Bahadur in 1878. until the Calicut territory was ceded to the English by the treaty with Tippu in 1792. CAMBAY. Belongs to a Mughal (Shiah Muhammadan) family. Naxoab of. Mumtaz-ulMulk. Dilawar Jang Dawe Ekbalu. Malabar District. CAMALESHWARI. and the latter by his nephew. The late Zamorin was appointed a Fellow of the Madras University in 1882. His Highness Nawab Jafar Ali Khan Saheb Bahadur. Madras.being beleaguered by Haidar Ali of Mysore. He died shortly afterwards. The heir-apparent of the Zamorin under the Marumakkatayam law bears the interesting courtesy-title of "The Eralpad. The full title of His Highness is Sardar Nawab Najib-ud-daula. agent for Surat and Cambay. 1880.

The title of Mir has been continued by the Government for life. CHAIT. Thdlcur of. See Santalpur and Chadchat. See Jammu and Kashmir. and 12 guns. who in very early times came from Marwar to Chamba. CHADCHAT. His Highness Raja Sham Singh.48 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 350 square miles . Kaira. GHAMBA. Sind. See Musa. Sultan of. Residence : Shikarpur. its population about 86. Residence : Cambay. A ruling chief . CANNAN0RE. CASHINATH. CARSEDJEE. in 1866. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. 496 infantry. Sub- . Bombay. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1873. SeeChet.000 Muhammadans. descended from the Raja Sail. CASHMERE. The Nawab maintains a military force of 36 cavalry. Rdjd of. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Ali Raja. chiefly Hindus. His Highness the Maharaja Bahadur of. CHAKUR KHAN toalad AHMAD ALI KHAN. Thdlcur of. See Kashi. and a part of it was made over to the Maharaja Golab Singh of Jammu and Kashmir. Mir. In 1846 the State came into the possession of the British Government after the first Sikh war. See Kharsedji. with about 12.000. b.

but including 6859 Muhammadans. on the frontiers of Kashmir. In 1854 the sanitarium of Dalhousie was surrendered to the Government by the Raja of Chamba. being situated in the Himalayas. October 29. On his death in 1870 he was succeeded by his brother. Punjab. and his heirs. CHAMPA LAL. Seth. b. which is very mountainous. 1897. CHAND MAL. is about 3092 square miles . Chamba came again entirely under British control. The title was conferred on June 22. The Raja maintains a military force of 12 cavalry. Raja Gopal Singh. Rai. on whom the title of Raja was conferred by King Amjad Ali Shah of Oudh. and 3 guns. and was conferred on January 1. Succeeded the Raja Kashi Prasad in 1873.sequently. Rajputana. and was succeeded by the present Raja. by an arrangement made with the latter in 1847.773. Rai Bahadur. 200 infantry. who abdicated in 1873. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. 1877. Seth. and it was assigned to the then Raja. Residence : Chamba. Raja . Rdjd . and it was recognized as hereditary by the British Government in 1877. in consideration of the remission of part of the yearly tribute. Rajputana. Belongs to a Tiwari Brahman family. Raja Sri Singh. Residence: Beawar. however. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 1860. its population 115. and in 1867 the cantonments of Bakloh and Balun. Residence : Ajmir. CHANDAR SHIKHAR (of Sissaindi). The title is personal. chiefly Hindus. The area of the State.

Rao Bahadur. 1890. Lucknow. Residence : Lahore. in recognition of eminence in THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . Mahdmahopddhydya. Is Zamindar of Dalai Bazar. Punjab. Residence : Mymensingh. Mahdmahopddkydya. 1887. The title is personal. Oudh. 1899. CHANDRA KUMAR DUTT (or Datta). Rai Bahadur. Residence: Sissaindi. and was conferred on June 3. 1893. Noakhali. He was specially mentioned in Lord Canning's Proclamation of March 1858 as one of the six loyal Oudh Talukdars. Residence: Bakarganj. CHANDRA KANTA TARKALANKAR. 1898. Sind. Bengal. Rai Bahadur. in recognition of eminence in oriental learning. Residence : Dalai Bazar. 1898. The title is personal. CHANDRA KUMAR RAI.Kashi Prasad was consistently loyal during the Mutiny. Rai Bahadur. The title is personal. CHANDRA SIKHAR SINHA HARI CHANDANA MAHAPATRA SAMANTA. Was formerly Superintendent of the Government Press. and was conferred on May 20. Lahore. Received the title on January 1. and was conferred on February 16. Residence: Hyderabad. CHANDASINGH KANSINGH SHAHANI. and was granted large estates as a reward. and gave great assistance to British officers. Received the title on June 3. Received the title on January 1. Bengal. Bengal. CHANDRA NATH MITTRA.

Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. A ruling chief. and from whom are descended a very large number of celebrities in Central Indian history. Bhaya Mahabir Singh Deo. His Highness MaharajAdhiraj Sipadar-ul-Mulk Mulkhan Singh Bahadur. 1895. CHANDRABHAN BAM SINGH. Succeeded to the gadi June 17. a younger step-brother of Raja Garib Singh of Korea. Residence : Chang Bhakar. Maharaja of. descended from Jorawal Singh. Belongs to the famous Bundela Rajput family founded by Bir Singh in the 13th century. April. The title was conferred on May 26. chiefly Hindus. including the royal families of Orchha. The title was conferred on January 1. who first took the clan name of Bundela. The State is one of those known as the Chota Nagpur Tributary Mahals. Residence : Khandpara. Bombay. Rao Bahadur. Succeeded to the gadi July 10. CHANG BHAKAR. 15. Bengal. Bengal. CHARKHARI. CHANDULAL MATHURADAS. that is a collateral branch of the Korea Chauhan Rajputs. Madras. 1880. . 1894. Bhaya of. A ruling chief . January 1872. Its area is about 906 square miles. 1897. and its population about 13. b. 1879. b. Chota Nagpur. Residence: Kutch.40 oriental learning. Rao Saheb.466. Residence: Kutch.

who thus obtained one-third of his dominions. Central India. and assumed the Government of his State at a grand Darbar held at Charkhari on November 10. 1892. Charkhari. Kalpi. attained his majority in January 1892. His son is the present Maharaja. The motto of the family is Singhasanesho ran Vijayi (" The Master of the Throne is the Victorious in War"). Jaso. His grandson was the Maharaja Jai Singh. The area of the State is 788 square miles . acquired the sovereignty of Eastern and Northern Bundelkhand. The son of Jagat Raj was Kirat Singh . and Sarila. Sarila. the Maharaja Chhatarsal. and the grandson of the latter. Residence: Charkhari. received a sanad from the British Government in 1804. Being hard pressed by the Mahrattas. chiefly Hindus. and officials of the State. Bijawar. One of these descendants. . and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. Lughasi. Jagat Raj. descended the Chiefs of Ajaigarh. including Sagar.000. who succeeded as a minor in 1880. 1552 infantry. Ajaigarh. thakurs. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 188 cavalry. Jigni. while from the second son. and in celebration of the Proclamation of Her Gracious Majesty as Empress of India received the additional title of Sipadar-ul-Mulk. His eldest son inherited Panna. besides the Maharaja and the young Raja of Sarila. its population about 143. Charkhari. with 6000 Muhammadans. the Maharaja Vikramaditya of Charkhari.Panna. etc. numbering more than a hundred. Bijawar. all the principal jagirdars. he adopted the Peshwa as one of his sons. and 42 guns. Dattia. who attended the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in January 1877. At this Darbar were present.

ft. Rai Bahddur. 1832. Hajan Manik. Residence: Madras. V. Residence : Toungoo. CHEIK. 1892. see Introduction. 1887. Kurg. See Chhatar.E. Residence : Mercara. CHEPPUDHtA S0MIAH. CLE. Fellow of the Madras University. Residence : Mercara. 1892. Residence: Bombay. 1872.I. P. 1875. Dr. See Chowbe. See Gobind Singh. Seim of A ruling chief. Burma.. CHAVAN. The title was conferred on January 1. C. Succeeded . 1892. page xii) was conferred on January 1. 1882. Kurg. This Burmese title (on which. cr.. 1895. Maung. Is the Subahdar of the Yedenalknad. Thakur. 1899. Member of the Legislative Council of Fort St. 50 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA CHERRA.. Received the title on January 2.CHATAR. Thdkur of. Rao Saheb. CHAUMA. and of the GovernorGeneral's Council. George. Kurg. about 1833. P. b.. 1887. CHAUBE. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. CHEPPUDIRA THIMURIAH. CHENTSAL RAO. Superintendent of Stamps and Stationery. Rai Bahddur. Sarishtadar of the Madras Revenue Board. and received the title as a personal distinction on May 25.

The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred on the Thakur of Mangalgarh as a personal distinction on May 20. His Highness Maharaja Vishwanath Singh Bahadur. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. A ruling chief. Residence: Bhikra. as well as to the Paramount Power. The chief and his people (said to number about 9000) are Khasis. The area of the State is about 9 square miles. Assam. CHETAN SHAH. Mahdrdjd of. CHHATAR. and was conferred on January 1. 1851. 1877. The title is hereditary. b. CHET SINGH (of Bhikra). Residence: Cherra. 1896. This is one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. named Lala Tej Singh. Central India. 1866. Rewd Kantha. April 15. Residence : Bhopal. Rawal Chhatrasinghji. A ruling chief. The title is personal. Thakur of Mangalgarh. . CHHALIAR. Punjab. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Chhaliar. 1875. Belongs to a Puar Rajput (Hindu) family. Khasi Hills. Succeeded to the gadi June 21. Succeeded to the gadi November 14. descended from the Rajas of Rura in Etawah. August 29. The family are Sengar Rajputs. and has long been recognized.to the gadi May 24. The Rao has a son and heir. b. which pays a tribute to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Northwestern Provinces. Rdwal of. descended from the Sarddr Soneh Sah. 1866. CHHATARPUR. Rai Bahadur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Bombay. about the year 1863. tfeeChhatra. CHHATAR SAL. 1888. Rao. born October 8. 1866. b. Etawah. Residence : Shdhpur.

The title is personal. 1895. who was in military possession of the Chhatarpur jdgir when the British acquired Bundelkhand. CHHEDI LAL. Rat Bahddur. The area of the State is 1169 square miles . and was conferred on June 24. chiefly Hindus. The title is hereditary. The title is personal. Rdjd. Lala Sadasukh. A ruling chief.a Sarddr of the Panna Raj. Bundelkhand. Subaddr. and was bestowed on June 1. its population about 167. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. the father of the present Raja. Bhumia Mugat Singh. The Rai Bahadur's grandfather. Central India. Residence: Cawnpur. 1887. was a wealthy grain and cotton merchant in Cawnpur. 814 infantry. Central Provinces. . with about 5500 Muhammadans and 749 Jains. Bhumia of. Residence: Jabalpur. and 39 guns. CHHATRA KUNWAI (of Amgaon). The family motto is Agni pratdp Vishweshah ("As fire resplendent. who received the title of Maharaja as a personal distinction on May 25. Lala. The family is Lodhi. 1888. Residence : Chhatarpur.Major. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 39 cavalry. for eminent military service. Northwestern Provinces. He was granted a sanad by the British Government in 1806. Lord of the World "). The grandnephew of the latter was the Rdjd Jagat Raj. CHH0TA BARKHERA. Residence: Burma. Rai Bahadur. the Raja Partab Singh. and was succeeded by his son.700. CHHATRA SINGH. and was originally derived from Rdjd Hindi Shah of Garha-Mandla.

Bombay. A .b. The population of the State is about 125. Residence: Chhota Barkhera. Rewa Kantha. Maharawal of. bravely resisted Tantia Topi during the Mutiny of 1857 . Is descended from a Bhilala family. 1895. Maharawal Shri Fattehsinghji. from whom also descend the Chiefs of Baria. Central India. the Chauhans moved to Chhota Udaipur and to Baria. The family at THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 51 one time occupied a fort at Mohan . October 22. Residence: Chhota Udaipur. 256 infantry. the last Chauhan Chief of Champaner. descended from the famous Patai Rawal. and the latter was defeated by General Parke when encamped before the town of Chhota Udaipur. its population about 71. b. When Champaner was captured by the Muhammadans under Muhammad Begar in 1484. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 1865. Chief of. 1889. Succeeded the late Maharawal Motisinghji on February 29. The area of the State is about 873 square miles . The Maharawal maintains a military force of 50 cavalry. it pays tribute to the Gaekwar of Baroda. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) family . Succeeded to the gadi September 14. CHIKLI. The Rdjd Jitsinghji. and 4 guns. Bhopawar. Guman Singh.000. chiefly Bhils or Kolis or other aboriginal tribes. CHHOTA UDAIPUR. grandfather of the present Mahdrdwdl. 1884. A ruling chief. chiefly Hindus.

A ruling chief. 1893. Bombay. being one of the numerous Dang States in Khandesh. Residence: Madura. Khandesh. Naik Jinmya naiad Gudad Bhavan. Bengal. chiefly Hindus. Succeeded to the gadi in 1864. CHIKURDE. The title was conferred on January 1. See Vithalrao. Rao Bahadur. Khandesh. the Raja of Kolattiri having been one of those ?chief tains among whom Cheraman Perumal. chiefly (aboriginal) Bhils. Bhumia Umed Singh. Residence: Chinchli. 1888. b. Madras. Is a Muhammadan. and the Chief or Naik. Residence : Chiktiabar. The title was conferred on June 3. Rai Bahadur. Chief of. divided his dominions when he became a Buddhist and re- . Valiya Rdjd of. A ruling chief . Bombay. Residence: Chikli. and its population about 1668. Bhopawar. sometimes called Zimna walad Bhawan. is a minor and unmarried . CHINTAMANI DE. CHINGACHUN VITTIL G0PALAN NAYAR. Central India. The population of the State is about 415. b. Residence: Howrah. 1894. Bhumia of. about 1845. Emperor of Malabar. The area of the State is about 200 square miles . about the year 1864. CHINCHLI. its population about 1444.ruling chief. but descended from a Wasava Bhil (aboriginal) family. belongs to an aboriginal Bhil tribe. CHHIAKAL. Is the head of one of the branches of the Kolattiri House. Kerala Varma Raja. Deshmukh of. The State is also called Dang Chinchligadad. CHIKTIABAE. b. Succeeded to the gadi November 1. 1849. The area of the State is about 27 square miles.

and was entrusted with the administration. with a population of 241. The family.d. who took refuge in the jungles until the English obtained possession of the country. His State contains an area of about 1 square mile. follows the Marumakkatayam law of inheritance. This chief is of a Rajput (Hindu) family.ja. Succeeded his father as Raja in 1852. Bombay. A prince. The late Valiya Raja of Chirakal was called Rajaha Raja. like that of the Zamorin of Calicut and other Chiefs of Malabar. August 7. The title is hereditary. among whom the next eldest male after the Raja is his heir-apparent. He receives an allowance from Government. Devi Singh. by which the succession is to the offspring of its female members. Gangadhar Rao Madhao. CHITNAVIS. Residence : Chiroda. The Raja at the time of Tippu's invasion in 1789 was named Rama Yarma. See Muhammad Mahmud Ali Khan. See Gangadhar. and he was succeeded by the present Valiya Raja under the Marumakkatayam law. Rdjd : b. Residence : Malabar. Madras. was recognized by them in 1795 as R&amp. CHITPAL SINGH (of Nurpur Chitpalgarh). The Hon..tired from the world in 352 a. in compensation for the estate that belonged to his ancestors. and he committed suicide to avoid falling into the hands of the conqueror. In 1734 the Chirakal Raja was acknow- ledged by all members of the Kolattiri House as the head of the family. CLE. JVawdb of. 1847. Chief of A ruling chief. CHITARI. Kathiawar. chiefly Hindus. CHDRODA. and was so .

A ruling chief. of a Rajput (Hindu) family. and the grandson of the latter is the present Raja. and is now an Assistant Commissioner in Oudh. CLE. Rai Bahadur. The Raja represents one of the chief families of the ancient Sombansi race. Received the title on June 3. Oudh. b. 1899. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. . His State contains an area of nearly 4 square miles. Rawal Ramsinghji. and a population of about 1300. Residence: Darbhanga. 1866. and is the most direct descendant of the great Raja of Partabgarh. See Radha. was succeeded by his widow. Bombay. Mahdmahopddhydya. who adopted Shiuratan Singh of Karain and Tarwal. The Raja Duniapat. January 1. was appointed to the Statutory Civil Service in 1881.recognized on May 9. His son was the Raja Dhir Singh of Chitpalgarh . the Thakurain Kusal Kunwar. CHOTA LAL SIJWAR. Rdwal of. who possessed Partabgarh. Pandit. 1884. CHOBEY RADHA CHARAN. chiefly Hindus. Residence : Chorangla. 52 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA CHITRADHAR MISRA. CHORANGLA. Rewa Kantha. about the year 1846. Bengal. Residence: Partabgarh. who was educated at the Partabgarh High School.

1896. CHUMPA. Is an eminent Professor of the Medical College. A ruling chief. Mahdrdjd of. CHUNTLAL BOSE (or Basu). Assam. on May 20. is a scion of the Wadhwan family. Thakur of. as a personal distinction. Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred. See Chutia N&amp. CHOTA NAGPTJR. Succeeded to the yadi January 1.CHOTA NAGPUR. Residence: Calcutta. Residence : Dibrugarh. CHUTIA NAGPUR. Thakur Becharsinghji Raisinghji. b. See Raghunath. CHUNILAL SERAOGI. See Pratap Udit Nath Sahai Deo. 1840. named Kumar Madhavasinghji. Rao Bahadur. See Pratap Udit Nath Sahai Deo. 1897. Created a CLE. Mahdrdjd of. CHOWBE RAGHUNATH Das. Received the title on January 2. Mahdrdjd. 1887. Bombay. The title is personal. Bombay.E.gpur. on June 22. See Kondka. Kathiawar. CHUNDER. See Champa. and thus connected in race with the ruling Houses of Wankaner and Dhrangadra. Residence: Broach. Residence: Chura. The present Thakur has a son and heir. C. Rai Bahadur. Calcutta. CHURA. CHUNTLAL VENILAL. and was conferred on February 16. Maharaja. 1844. Rai Bahadur. 1899. CHUIKADAN. See Chandra. . Mahant of. being a Jhala Rajput. February 9.I.

S. 1852. with about 33. K. 1897. and is entitled to a salute (hereditary) of 17 guns.000. Rdjd of.E. Southern India. and conch or chank-shell. chiefly Hindus. lamp. CUDDALORE VENK0BA CHARIYAR. K." is Raja Vira Kerala Varma. and 4 guns. C00CH BEHAR. The heir-apparent. its population about 600. His Highness Raja Sir Sri Rama Varma. born in 1854. C. but in 1798 he signed a treaty. See^ Venkoba. . claiming descent (with the Royal House of Travancore) from the ancient Chiefs who ruled from Gokura in North Kanara to the southernmost point of India. Ernakolam. Diwdn Bahadur.COCHIN. His Highness the present Raja was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on June 22.C. The armorial bearings of the family are a palanquin with umbrella. Succeeded to the yadi in 1895. The predecessor of the present Raja was His Highness the Raja Sir Vira Kerala Yarma. C0WASJEE. the Raja of Cochin was tributary to that potentate . 327 infantry. The area of the State is 1361 square miles. Belongs to a Hindu family of pure Kshatriya blood. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Majesty the Queen Empress. acknowledging himself tributary to the British Power. who always bears the courtesy title of the " Elaya Raja.I. In the time of Haidar Ali in Maisur.I. See Kumaraswami. b. See Kuch Behar.000 Christians. See Kawasji.000 Muhammadans and 136. Residence: Tripuntora. CUMARASWAMI. A ruling chief. Mahdrdjd of. His Highness maintains a military force of 16 cavalry.

See Jamnia. DASHA. who was in the service of Shah Mahmud Begara of GujarAt. Rao Saheb. 1877. Bhumia of. and was conferred on January 1. Central India. 1868. Received the title on May 21. Motamia Gulabmia. Thakur of. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1885. Bombay. DABIR. his ancestor. 1893. July 21. Residence: Dabha. Residence: Dabri.CURSETJEE. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. "Western Malwa. Khan Bahadur. Bombay. its population is 1922. DAD MUHAMMAD KHAN. His Highness the Rao of. b. became a Musalman in 1483. Mian of. . Residence : Poona. b. chiefly Hindus. DADA MATHOJI SHELKE. Thakur Parbat Singh. DABRI. Succeeded to the yadi July 6. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. A ruling chief. 1898. See Kharsedji. CUTCH. Is one of the Gaekwar's tributaries. Mahi Kantha. See Kutch. 1878. Residence : Dadu Dero. Belongs to a family claiming descent from the Jhala Rajputs of Halwar in Kathiawar. A ruling chief. The title is personal. The area THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 53 of the State is about 99 square miles . Hari Singh ji. Sind.

on May 25. Residence : Seoni. Residence: Thana. DAFLAPUR. The Khan Bahadur received the title. is tributary to the Gaekwar and to Idar. . His ancestor Vikaji was in the service of Kalyan Mai. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family that came originally from Udaipur. The title is personal. Central Provinces. 1882. 1892. 1830. See Jath. Rao Bahddur. Thakur Jaswant Singhji. Bombay. Residence : Bombay. Khan Bahadur. Bombay. Chief of. DAJI GOVIND GUPTE. The title is personal. The area of the State is 72 square miles . Residence: Poona. its population 3877. and was conferred on January 1. from whom he obtained the grant of Dadhalya in 1674. Khan Bahadur. and was conferred on April 21. DAJI NILKANTH NAGARKAR. 1883. 1877. Bombay. b. A ruling chief. 1898. The title is personal. Rao of Idar. as a personal distinction. DADOBA SAKHARAM SHIRVALKAR. 1892. Residence: Dadhalya. DADABHAI PALANJI. Received the title on January 1. DADHALYA. Rao Bahadur. Residence: Poona. Mahi Kantha. The title was conferred on January 1. Rai Bahadur. and was conferred on February 28. chiefly Hindus. Bombay.DADABHAI HORMUSJI DUBASH. Thakur of. Rao Bahddur. DADU GULAB SINGH.

on one occasion. Residence: Nagpur. Rai Saheb. DAL CHAND (of Sahanpur). Rai. Bombay. named Muchh Padarath. and Bharat Singh. The Rai has four sons — Partab Singh. North-Western Provinces. 1842. Jagat Singh. in the course of which. and rising to high favour with Prince Salim (afterwards the Emperor Jahangir) in the Court of the Emperor Akbar. who.Residence : Poona. was slain . dated 1645. Is the representative of a Jat family of ancient origin. Central Provinces. Belongs to a family of Katehria Rajputs. Harbans Singh. DAJI RAM CHANDRA. Residence : Siarsol. was a man of great influence. the title of Rai. and subsequently the family removed to Nahil. grandfather of the present Rai. The title was conferred on May 25. A farmdn of the Emperor Shah Jahan. founded the town of Nagal on the Ganges. 1895. conferred the Zaminddri of Gola on Vikrama Singh. The Rai Tapraj Singh. b. Thakur of Nahil. Bengal. Katehria. DAKHINESHWAR MAIIA. The title is hereditary. 1893. the Rao Gopal Singh. They had many struggles with the Pathans during the 17th and 18th centuries. October 1827. obtained a Dress of Honour. claiming descent from Rao Hari Singh. b. in the 16th century. Succeeded his father. in 1884. a descendant of Rao Hari Singh. Rao. and the grant of the territory between Nagal and Barhapura. Residence : Sahanpur. DAL SINGH (of Nihil). The title was conferred on June 3. settled in Gola Raipur on the river Khanant. Kumar. A scion of this family. who came from Jind in the middle of the 16th century. The title is hereditary. Bijnaur. Rao Jetsingh.

Appointed to the Bombay . Thakur Daulat Singh. See Baghat. The title is personal. Residence : Bombay. b. leaving only a widow and two infant sons as the sole representatives of the family. and he also supplied provisions to the British forces on 54 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA their arrival in the district. on June 6. and Sardan Singh. DALPATRAM PRANJIVAN KHAKAR. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. at Diu on November 1. 1835. A ruling chief. Residence : Nahil. where he took high honours. The Rao Dal Singh has three sons — Bechu Singh. Jagannath Singh. (of Baghat). DALISNA. Residence: Dalisna. DALIP SINGH. and was conferred on February 16. Thdkur of. The population of the State is 765. CLE. Shahjahanpur. 1885. North. Bombay. Rao Saheb.in an engagement. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. father of the present Rao. defending the town of Pawayan when the Maulavi Ahmadullah Shah besieged it in 1857 . 1857. CLE.Western Provinces. Mahi Kantha. b. Rao Jetsingh. did good service in the Mutiny. Bombay. DALPATRAM DAYABHAI. 1887. Rand. Was educated at the Elphinstone College.

North. Bombay. Mahdmahopddhydya. An Honorary Magistrate of Bareilly. January 2. 1890. daughter of Meghji Jadavji. Residence : Bareilly. 1893. Has written and edited many important works. Granted the title. born November 11. and belongs to a family long settled in the Portuguese dominions in Western India. Is Professor of Sanskrit in Benares College. 1859. DAMODAR SASTRI. DAMODAR DAS. Residence: Surat. He is a Brahma-Kshatriya by caste. greatly distinguished himself as Educational Inspector of Kutch. Rdjd. 1870. physician of Bhaunagar. it entitles him to rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. as tutor to His Highness the Rao of Kutch. The title is personal. The Rao Saheb married.Western Provinces. Is a Member of the Managing Committee of the Seth Gokuldas Tejpal Charities. Pandit. Mazaulal. See Kalahasti.and has a son. also a Member of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 1859 . Bombay. Rai Bahadur. and in 1887 received the title in honour of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. Received the title on June 3. and other learned societies. Retired on pension in 1866 . and in other ways. DAMARA KUMARA MADDU VENKATAPPA NAYUDU BAHADUR GARTJ (of Kalahasti). Residence : 10 Cowasji Patel's Tank Road. Devkorbai. Residence: Benares.Education Service. 1899 . and a Trustee of the same . DAMODAR MAYARAM. and was conferred on May 20. Rao Saheb. as a personal distinction. DAMODAR VIJAYARANGAM MUDA- .

1876. A. b.LIYAR. Residence : Poona. Dastur. Received the title on June 3. Residence: Danta. 1899r Is Parsi HighPriest. Bombay.d. b. Residence: Bombay. 1887. 1860. North. The Maharana maintains a military force of 70 cavalry and 67 infantry. who are said to have come from Ujjain. One of the Premier Nobles of British India. Granted the personal title of Rai Bahadur. Shams-ul-Ulama. Rao Saheb. 1885. Succeeded to the gadi December 1. 1897.. DANTA. Maharaja Rameshwar Singh Bahadur. A landowner in Madras. A ruling chief . the late Maharaja . The title was conferred on June 22. Bombay. Khdn Bahadur. DARASHA RATANJI CHICHGAR. Is tributary to the Gaekwar and to Idar. DARBHANGA. The area of the State is 2300 square miles. Succeeded to the f/adi on the death of his elder brother. Maharana Jaswantsinghji Harisinghji. The title was conferred on January 1. The title was conferred on January 1.Western Provinces. b. DARA SHIK0H. Residence: Pilibhit. Belongs to a very ancient family of Pramara Rajputs. January 16. Mahdrdjd of. and to have settled in Sind in the year 809 a. 1850. DANAKOTI MUDALTYAR. its population about 18. Khdn Bahadur. Mahdrdnd of. Residence : Bombay. October 14. 1899. Rai Bahadur. DARAB PESH0TAN SATJJANA.000. alias BALA KHAN. 1898. 1852. Mahi Kantha. Residence: Madras. and Member of the Madras Municipal Commission.

.d. but they all died without issue. Nirpat Thakur. He died in 1607. Akbar the Great. Achit Thakur.Lachhmeswar Singh Bahadur. whose ancestor. obtained the title of Raja. when he died. and dying in 1662 was succeeded by his eldest son. Belongs to an ancient Rajput family. the Raja Subhankar Thakur. 1898. and the family has since then always taken the foremost part in every public philanthropic work in Bengal. and the grant of the Darbhanga Raj. who ruled till 1700 a. Gopal Thakur. Mahesh Thakur.000 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 55 in charitable relief. Sundar Thakur. He held the Raj for twenty years. and was succeeded by his son the great Raja Raghu Singh. Parmanand Thakur. and indeed in every part of the Empire — to which its vast revenues have been largely devoted. Some of the elder sons succeeded in turn to the Raj.d. and was succeeded by his brother. and on his death in 1642 was succeeded by his brother. on December 17. leaving six sons. the late Maharaja expended nearly £300. Of these the eldest. Purushottam. The latter died in 1684 without issue. succeeded to the Raj .. early in the 16th century. and Subhankar Thakur. from the Mughal Emperor of Delhi. In the great Bengal famine of 1873-74. He obtained the confirmation of the heredi- . and the family was continued in the line of the youngest son. Mahesh Thakur died in the year 1558 a. leaving five sons — Ram Chandra Thakur. Mahinath Thakur.

the ruins of which still remain there. He also obtained from the Mughal Government the grant of the lease of the whole of the Sarkdr Tirhut — including the modern districts of Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga — on the payment to Government of an annual revenue of Rs.000. however.287. on condition that he should " do justice. of this grant may be gathered from the fact that in 1685 a. but he adopted Pratap Singh. At one time. the Raja Narendra Singh. he was restored to favour. the Raja Bishnu Singh. and put the country in a flourishing condition. near Madhubani.769. who received large grants from the Nawab Subahdar Ali Vardi Khan. This Raja built a large mud fort at Bhawara. and was succeeded by his son. He died in 1736. relieve distress." These stipulations have been liberally fulfilled by Raja Raghu's descendants and successors in the Raj.100. the revenue of Sarkdr Tirhut was officially returned at Rs. The latter died without issue in 1740. younger brother . on condition of his engaging for the revenue. the Raja himself only preserving his liberty by prompt flight.tary title of Raja through the Nawab Mahabat Jang. who was at that time Mughal Subahdar of Behar. The Raja Narendra Singh died without issue in 1760 . the Nawab Subahdar. and the family resided there for the next half-century. and supporting the interests of the Mughal Government. the great-great-grandson of Narayan Thakur. and received large grants from the Mughal Government.d. during the administration of the Raja Raghu Singh. and was succeeded by his brother. jealous of the vast wealth accumulated by the Raja. The enormous value. in those early times. Subsequently. seized his property and carried off his family as prisoners to Patna.

of the Raja Sundar Thakur. he made over his 5&lt. leaving five sons — Kishan Singh. to which he removed in 1762. and was succeeded by his brother. but ultimately he obtained from the Board of Revenue the restoration of his estates. during a long administration of thirtytwo years. and son of the Raja Subhankar Thakur mentioned above.5 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA estates and the title to his elder sou . and three others. These disputes at one time became so acute that the settlement was made with others. the grant of Dharmpur. the Raja Madhu Singh. The Raja Madhu Singh. when. The Raja Madhu died in 1808. the Mughal Emperor of Delhi. Raja Pratap Singh determined to remove the family residence from the fort of Bhawara . had frequent disputes with the Calcutta Government in regard to the revenue payments and the extent of his rights over the land. on the ground of old age. who died without issue. who succeeded to the gadi in 1808. though it is probable that it had also been held by some at least of his ancestors. who succeeded him. The Maharaja Chhatar Singh. and he built a new Rajbari at Darbhanga. In that year the Raja received from Shah Alam. in the district of Purniah. Chhatar Singh is the first of the Darbhanga Rajas who is recorded to have held the higher title of Maharaja Bahadur. Raja Pratap Singh died in 1776. Chhatar Singh. lived till 1839. and it has been the seat of the family ever since.

1860. four houses. and not the ordinary Hindu law . These arrangements led to extensive litigation. leaving four sons — Maheshwar Singh (who succeeded him). Chester Macnaghten. Nitreshwar Singh. the Raj villages in Jarail. two elephants. Ultimately the High Court decided that the law of inheritance in this family must follow the family custom. which lands (as under feudal tenure) revert to the Raj on failure of male issue. For ten years the Maharaja Maheshwar Singh held the Raj. and died a few days afterwards. were under the guardianship of the Court of "Wards during their minority. He died on October 20. the younger obtaining sufficient properties in land for their maintenance. The late Maharaja Lachhmeswar Singh Bahadur. leaving two sons. Ganeshwar Singh. whose capacity for this work was so marked that he was afterwards selected by the Government for the Principalship of the Rajkumar College at Rajkot. He asked to have Kudra Singh's name entered in the Bengal Revenue Roll. and the present Maharaja Bahadur Rameshwar Singh. The Maharaja Rudra Singh died in 1850. and Gopeshwar Singh. for maintenance. and apartments in the Darbhanga Palace. a very able and sympathetic English gentleman. who succeeded him.Rudra Singh — giving to his younger son. in Kathiawar. and the present Maharaja Bahadur. and by the family custom (or Kuldchdr) the eldest son succeeds to the Raj. as tutor. Lachhmeswar Singh. as the younger son claimed a large share of the estates. the late Maharaja Bahadur. Bisdeo Singh. Mr. for the Princes and Chiefs of Western India. and had the great advantage of having. After the late Maharaja attained his majority he entirely devoted himself to the public duties of his position as one of the .

and subsequently with the Raja Piari Mohan Mukharji. a similar one at Kharakpur. and subsidized a much larger number of educational institutions. Kristodas Pal. C. and completed an elaborate system of irrigation works. During the lengthened discussions on the important Bengal Tenancy Bill.) as the representative of the landowners of Bengal and Behar. a first-class Dispensary at Darbhanga. which cost £3400.I. He long served as a Member of the Legislative Council of the Viceroy. and received warm recognition of the ability and moderation he brought to bear on this and other questions from successive Viceroys. In addition to the £300. as well as nearly thirty vernacular schools of different grades . planting them with tens of thousands of trees for the comfort of travellers.greatest nobles of British India. in every time of scarcity the late Maharaja's arrangements for meeting it were on a splendid scale. he acted (in conjunction at first with the lamented patriot. and largely contributed to many others.S. In carrying out his duties as one of the largest landowners of India he had the advantage of the assistance . To the public at large he was best known as one of the most munificent of living philanthropists. He constructed iron bridges over all the navigable rivers of the Raj. He built. He constructed hundreds of miles of roads in various parts of the Raj. which he maintained. for prevention of famine.000 expended in charitable relief during the Bengal famine of 1873-74. and entirely supported. and took a leading part in the debates of that body. and were in many cases the models for the Government measures. He built an Anglo-vernacular school at a cost of £1490. which cost £3500 .

its botanical and zoological gardens. With the aid of these gentlemen and others'. Henry Bell. formerly of the Bengal Civil Service. and the like. The late Maharaja devoted special attention to all agricultural improvements. Mr. But he also contributed very largely to objects of general public utility — as. and he was also a keen sportsman and a first-rate whip.50. and its many beautiful surroundings. under experienced English trainers. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 57 The new Palace at Darbhanga. with its immense stables. his jungles on the Nepal frontier affording some of the best sport in the country. is well known in England by the sketches that have appeared in the London illustrated papers. Llewhellin and Mr. He was a liberal patron of the turf. the Darbhanga Raj has attained the proud position of being regarded as the model for good and benevolent management. and was the owner of the largest and most valuable racing stud in India. specially selected with the approval of the Government — including Colonel Money. for instance. in the gift of Rs. Most of the late Maharaja's munificence was devoted to objects of charity pure and simple. In celebration of Her Majesty's Jubilee he remitted a . such as famine relief. W. G. of the Staff Corps.000 to the funds of the Imperial Institute. and especially to improvements in the breeds of horses and cattle in Behar. medical aid.of several very able English managers in succession.

Rai Bahadur. November 21. Darbhanga. Muzaffarpur. it is a large and thriving town. in recognition of eminent public . with a population (by the census of 1881) of 65. His Highness was created a Knight Grand Commander of the same Most Eminent Order. and in 1897. works of public utility.large portion of the rents of all his tenants for the year 1887. Bengal. Tirhut. chiefly Hindus. The present Maharaja Bahadur attained his majority in 1878. when he retired from the Service.955. Monghyr. b. when he was nominated to the Bengal Civil Service. 1888. Since his accession to the Raj in December 1897. and was conferred on January 2. and charitable remissions of rent. On the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty the late Maharaja Bahadur was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 1816. and Bhagalpur. of Chhapra. and served with much credit successively as Assistant-Magistrate of Darbhanga. was exempted from personal attendance in the Civil Courts. The capital. The family cognizance is the Gangetic dolphin or sacred fish of the Hindus. he has been granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur. The title is personal. The Darbhanga Raj comprises large portions of the modern districts of Darbhanga. In 1886 he was created a Raja Bahadur in recognition of his high rank and position. Purniah. and appointed a Member of the Legislative Council of Bengal. Residence: Darbhanga. and of Bhagalpur. It was computed that during his possession of the Raj an aggregate sum of something like two millions sterling was expended on charities. is the civil station of the district of the same name. DARGAHI LAL.

DARYAO SINGH (of Ghat Piparia). Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family . Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. whose founder came from Marwar at an unknown date and settled in the Simla Hills.Western Provinces. The title is hereditary. its population 590. KHAN. Residence: Cawnpur. Thakur Onkar Singh. DARYA title April abad. A ruling chief. Succeeded to the gadi on October 15. b. Central India. The Rana maintains a military force of 10 infantry. the predecessor of the present Thakur was Thakur Ranjit Singh. and an Honorary Magistrate since 1879. b. who succeeded to the gadi in 1856. b. DARIA KHERI. Rand of. Residence: Daria Kheri. 1888. chiefly Hindus. The Rai Bahadur is a Kayasth by caste. Succeeded to the gadi April 9. and the father of the present chief was the Rana Ram Singh. Rana Ram Saran Singh. Residence: HyderSind. Thdkur. The is personal. A ruling chief. DARRI. Simla Hills. Thdkur of. but has practised as a Pleader at Cawnpur since 1842. The area of the State is about 4 square miles .services as a Municipal Commissioner of Cawnpur since 1862. Punjab. 1831. 1861. Twentythree generations bore rule. its population about 616. 1843. with others in the Simla Hills . Residence : Darkuti. See Janjit. Sawai of. Khan Bahadur. The Gurkhas overran this State. DARKUTI. 1883. Bhopal. and when they were expelled by the British in 1815 the then Rand was confirmed in possession. North. and is a native of Bilgram in the Hardoi district . The area of the State is about 6 square miles . and was originally conferred by . 1867. and was conferred on 10.

1897. Mian of.). See Surma Ohand . Thdkur of. DATIA. Residence : Daspalla. said to be of the Solar race . Bengal. DATANA. Central India. but including about 13.the Mughal Emperors of Delhi. Raja of. 1860 .4 . is about 568 square miles .000 Kandhs and other aboriginal tribesmen. DASPALLA. The title of Raja has been enjoyed by the head of the family since the time of the Mahrattas. b.v. 1880. Western Malwa.000. Raja Narayan Deo Bhanj. succeeded to the gadi July 28. descended from a younger son of the Raja Narayan Bhanj of Bod (q. succeeded to the gadi December 10. 58 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Belongs to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. Residence: Sagar. 18t&gt. DATARPUR. His Highness Maharaja Sir . A ruling chief. Orissa. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. The Raja maintains a force of 343 infantry and 8 guns. The ancestors of the Thakur obtained Ghat Piparia in jdgir from the former Government of Sagar. Residence: Datana. 1874. The area of the State. The cognizance of the family is a peacock with tail spread. chiefly Hindus. Thakur Bhawani Singh. May 21. its population about 42. and was formally conferred by the British Government. A ruling chief . Central Provinces. b.

1857. Giver of Refuge "). A ruling chief. Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput family descended from Bir Singh. became ruler of Datia. Panna. Datia. Bhagwan Rai. His adopted son was the Raja Bijai Bahadur of Datia . who took the clan name of Bundela. by the Treaty of Bassein. Bijawar. Ajaigarh.I. the title of Lokindar was added. and settled in Bundelkhand in the 13th century . The ancient title of the family was Maharaja Rao Raja. 1877. by a new treaty and enlarged territories. and his second son. and the adopted son of the latter is the present chief. concluded with the Peshwa in 1802. and from whom are descended the ruling families of Orchha. Succeeded to the gadi November 20.C. on the deposition of the Peshwa. In the time of the Emperors Akbar and Jahangir. Maharaja of.Lokindar Bhawani Singh Bahadur. The State came under British control. etc. with other territories in Bundelkhand. whose succession was disputed by Arjun Singh (an illegitimate son of the Raja Bijai Bahadur). The motto of the family is Wir dalap Sharandah (" Lord of the Brave Army. b. 1854. at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. the Maharaja Bir Singh Deo was ruler of Orchha . and on January 1. K. sided with the British throughout the subsequent wars with the Mahrattas . The Raja Parichhat of Datia. In 1865 the Government recognized the title of Maharaja as hereditary . but was enforced by British troops. August 13. whose first treaty with the British Government is dated 1804. Charkhari. in honour of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India.S. His Highness was created a Knight Commander of the Most .. Sarila. and was rewarded in 1817.

Bombay.000. Central India. Lala. b. received the title on January 1. DATTA. 1844 . Bombay. chiefly Hindus. . DAUDBHAI MUSABHAI. Received the title on January 2. Created a CLE. The title is personal. Khan Bahadur. 1883. and was conferred on February 16. Khan Bahadur. its population about 183. Munshi. Bengal. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Rao Saheb. DAULAT CHANDRA RAI. Residence : Gujrat. 1897. Kumar.Exalted Order of the Star of India on January 1. Residence : Bombay. CLE. Residence: 24 Parganas. but including some 9000 Muhammadans. Residence : Surat. Residence : Bombay. DAUDBHAI IRAHIM. and 124 guns . 1897. The title was conferred on May 21. ffeeDtttt DATU GANESH SABNIS. Rai Saheb. Punjab. and was conferred on January 1. 1898. The title was conferred on June 3. DAULATRAI SAMPATRAI. Rao Bahadur. His Highness the Maharaja maintains a military force of 945 cavalry. 1898. 1893. on June 22. Residence : Datia. DAULAT SHAH. 1887. Punjab. The title was conferred on January 1. 5203 infantry. Residence : Surat. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty." Rai Bahadur. 1899. Residence : Jalandhar. The title is personal. 1898. DAULAT RAM. Bundelkhand. for good service in the Medical Department. The area of the State is about 836 square miles .

Is the son of Rai Hingan Lai. Residence : Bombay. DAYA KISHAN. 1865. Mir. was a feudal retainer of Sardar Amar Singh Bagga. Residence: Jaunpur. The title is hereditary. The family is of the Shergil Jat tribe. 1842. Received the title on June 3. December 5. and confirmed by the British Government. DAYABHAI KALIANJI DESAI. The title is hereditary. Kayasth. The title was conferred on January 1. b. born February 25. Sarddr. DAYAL CHANDRA SHOM. DAYAL SINGH (of Majithia). 1848 a. Residence: Baluchistan. Rai. The Rai has a son and heir named Madan Makund. for special services rendered to the Government during the Mutiny in the Jaunpur district. 1894.Western Provinces. h. North. Bengal. Khan Saheb. Rao Saheb. Khdn Bahadur. 1858. See Soloman. formerly Tahsildar of Dehra Dun. who had a jdgir and the honorary title of Deputy Magistrate and Collector conferred on him on August 4. The title was conferred on May 26.d. Kurd. 1898. 1899.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 59 DAURAN KHAN. derived originally from the Sikh Government. who was named Jodh Singh. The greatgrandfather of Sardar Dayal Singh. DAVID SOLOMAN. Residence : Calcutta. Rai Bahadur. who possessed a large .

and with his son. foreseeing further troubles. After the close of the Sutlej campaign he returned to Lahore at the invitation of the Council and the Resident. remained in the service of the Bagga Sardars till 1809. he left the Punjab for a pilgrimage. After the expulsion of the Gurkhas he was appointed Governor of the Hill States. and was succeeded in all his estates and honours by Sardar Lahna Singh. DAYAL SINGH. Sorter. where he died. He continued to perform valuable service . DAYAL SINGH (of Vadala). and in January 1848 he left for Benares. who received charge of the hill territory between the Ravi and the Sutlej. Residence: Majithia. he determined to leave the Punjab. to avoid the enmity of Pandit Jalla. father of the present Sardar. however. He was a skilful mechanist and an original inventor. 1898. received extensive grants from Ranjit Singh. He proved a most capable Governor. for . Residence: Sialkot. Punjab. Sardar Lahna Singh. and greatly improved the Sikh ordnance. Subsequently. and accompanied the Maharaja in his famous expedition to Kangra. The title was conferred. as a personal distinction. and consented to join the Council. on May 21. He entered the service of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh on the reduction of the Bagga Sardars. Sarddr Bahadur. Amritsar. Gyani. He died in 1788. His only son. Sardar Desa Singh. He died in 1832.territory in the district now called Gurdaspur. The title is hereditary. Punjab. and held a considerable jdgir. but on the rise of Raja Hira Singh to power.

Rai Saheb. b. and is 60 . b. 1896. the Rajas of Kaimabra belonging to the great Chauhan clan of Rajputs. Hakim Muhammad. The title is hereditary. DAYA WANT KUAR (of Kaimahra). Rao. 1860. 1890. The title is personal . See Saheb Singh . DAYEM HAKIM ABDULLA SHAH. Kheri. see also Sundar Singh. DAYALGARH. The title is hereditary. was originally conferred by the Carnatic Nawab. Sarddr of. See also Devi. Received the title on January 1. Residence : Kaimahra. Residence: Hyderabad. on April 22. and has come down from ancient times. North. See Muhammad.Western Provinces. DEBI. Residence : Allahabad. the late Raja Achal Singh. DEBI PARSHAD. 1848. Oudh. DEBI SINGH (of Rajwara). Residence : Thagi Department. and recognized December 1890. Deccan. and representing the elder branch of the Janwar family. 1898.v. and was conferred on January 1.services in the Thagi Department. the Rajas of Oel (q. Residence: Bhandara.) representing the junior branch. Khdn Bahadur. Succeeded her son. Rai Bahadur. Lala. The title is personal. DEBI PERSHAD. Rai. Central Provinces. The family is Bundela Rajput. Rani. DEBI PARSHAD.

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA a branch of that of the Rajas of Chanderi.Western Provinces. DEDHROTA. DEO. rendered excellent . Ganesam Singh. and again in 1804.S. 1888. A ruling chief . Raja Bhikam Narayan Singh Bahadur. b. DELHI SINGH (of Lakhnadon). Residence : Rajwara. The Raja Fatheh Narayan Singh. in 1782. Belongs to a Sesodiya Rajput family. was rewarded by Government for his services with a grant of land and other honours. The title is hereditary. DEBI SINGH. Residence: Dedhrota. North. its population about 1100. 1850. and claims to be descended from the ancestors of His Highness the Maharana of TJdaipur. September 4. Succeeded his father. K. Lalitpur. Thdiur of. for the Chaudhri's services in connection with the improvement of agriculture. The area of the State is about 10 square miles .C. Thakur. the Thakur being the representative of one of the ancient Chiefs of Seoni. in 1881. through Raja Rai Bhan Singh Bahadur. Chaudhri (of Asaura). The title is personal. and the son of the latter.I. Raja of.. Babu Manti Bhan Singh. Mahi Kantha. Rai Bahadur. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. the late Maharaja Sir Joy Prakash Singh Bahadur of Deo. Bombay. North-Western Provinces. who in 1816 was similarly rewarded with the grant of a Zaminddri . Thakur Punjaji. b. Residence : Seoni. Residence : Meerut. Central Provinces. He was succeeded by his son. 1839. and was conferred on December 1.

DEODAR. Oudh. Manti Bhan Singh was succeeded by his son. Succeeded to the gadi in 1 888 . His only son is the present Raja Bahadur. A ruling chief. Waghela Gambhir Singh. 1890. and then in 1866 created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Thakur of. Residence: Deodar. for meri- torious service in the Medical Department. Residence: Sultanpur. succeeded to the gadi in 1888. DEO DATT PANDE. Berar. Waghela Sardar Singh. Palanpur. Waghela Anandsingh Chandaji. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Joy Prakash Singh. on July 2. Bombay. he was at first honoured with the title of Maharaja Bahadur. 1843. Bengal. who was conspicuous for his loyalty and faithful services during the Mutiny in 1857 . DEODAR. A ruling chief. 1896. Residence: Gya. Thakur of. Waghela Dewaji Chandaji. Succeeded to the gadi April 1. Palanpur. Palanpur. Bombay. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. and for his laudable exertions in keeping this part of the district in order. Received the title. A ruling chief . and in quelling the insurrection in the Chutia Nagpur division. Rai Bahadur. Rao Saheb. 1837. Bombay. Residence : Deodar. The title is personal. b. . b. b.service in theKol insurrection of 1831. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Residence: Akola. Thakur of. DEO RAO VINAYAK. 1852. 1888. b. DEODAR. and was conferred on June 1. 1834. Residence : Deodar. DEODAR.

which is one of the Dang States in Khandesh. A ruling chief . See Yarlagadda. Mahi Kantha. Succeeded to the gadi April 1. its population is 1224. The area of the State is about 10 square miles . Rdjd of. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. A ruling chief . Residence : Derbhavti. Thakur of. Residence: Deodar. 1899. b. See Raghuji Rao. b.Thakur of. contains an area of about 76 square miles. DEVALIA. DEVARAKOTA. Srimant Rdjd of. Rdjd of. DE0RA0 JAY KRISHNA. 1853. Thakur Ramsinghji. chiefly Hindus. Raja of. Is Extra Assistant Commissioner in Berar. DER0L. DERA. The chief belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family. and a population of nearly 5000. Residence : Berar. A ruling chief . Rao Bahadur. See Rudr Partab Sah. See Agar. Received the title on January 2. Palanpur. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Bombay. Residence: Derol. . b. 1870. Thakur of. The State. DE0R. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 61 DEVENDRA NATH SAHAI DEO. 1890. Bombay. 1853. chiefly Bhils and Konknas (aboriginal tribes). DERBHAVTI. Bombay. Raja Bhonrao Ratnu. Khandesh.

1861. Senior Branch and Junior Branch (or Bdbd Saheb and Dddd Saheb). was succeeded by his adopted son. Both chiefs . dying in 1860. November 1849 . in 1824 . The family is a younger branch of that of the Rdjds of Chota Nagpur.. DEWAIR. DEVI PERSHAD. who adopted Rukmangad Rao. DEWAS. the present chief. and the latter by Tukaji II. succeeded to the gadi March 18. The Raja Kaluji had two sons. He succeeded Tukaji II. Tukaji and Jiwaji. Received the title on January 1. reside in different palaces in the same town of Dewds. 1872.Thcikur. Rdjd of {Senior Branch). Is a Magistrate of Rewa. Residence: Rewa. Central India. with His Highness the Raja of Dewds of the Junior Branch (who is called the "Dddd Saheb"). The two Rajas of Dewas. b. His Highness Raja Krishnaji Rao Puar. Residence : Lohardaga. Munshl. and these sons received from Baji Rao Peshwa the grant of the Dewas State in common — the descendants of Raja Tukaji being known as the Senior Branch or "Bdbd Saheb. Bengal. and is said to be descended from the pandrik nag or sacred Serpent . Thdkur Rdwat of See Hira. Rai Bahadur. commonly known as Khasi Saheb. and. 1898. The title is hereditary. its cognizance or crest is a cobra with a human face under the expanded hood. Rawat. " Bdbd Saheb." Tukaji was succeeded by Krishnaji. Belongs. and was originally conferred by the Mahdrdjd of Chota Ndgpur." A ruling chief. to a Puar Rajput family. descended from a common ancestor with the Rdjd of Dhar. and confirmed on December 23. but the rule of each chief is distinct within his own limits.

The latter died in 1864 and was succeeded by his son. 166 in- . Indore. December 20. 594 infantry. His Highness Raja Narayan Rao Puar. reside in different palaces in the same town of Dewds. Both chiefs rendered good service during the Mutiny. population 68. Belongs. and these sons received from Bdji Rao Peshwd the grant of the Dewds State in common — the descendants of Rdjd Jiwaji being known as the Junior Branch or " Dddd Saheb. His Highness the Rdjd maintains a military force of 79 cavalry. The area of the territories under the rule of the Dddd Saheb is 134 square miles . population about 73. to a Puar Rdjput family. " Dddd Saheb. Tukaji and Jiwaji." A ruling chief.rendered good service during the Mutiny. The two Rdjds of Dewas. Succeeded to the gadi August 8. chiefly Hindus. but including nearly 8000 Muhammadans. His Highness the Rdjd maintains a military force of 70 cavalry. Senior Branch and Junior Branch (or Bdbd Saheb and Dddd Saheb). but including nearly 7000 Muhammadans. in 1837. chiefly Hindus. adopted Haibat Rao. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Central India. but the rule of each chief is distinct within his own limits. Rdjd of (Junior Branch). who.222.940. The area of the territories under the rule of the Bdbd Saheb is 155 square miles . who succeeded him. b. the present Rdjd. DEWAS. with His Highness the Rdjd of Dewds of the Senior Branch (who is called the "Bdbd Saheb"). The Rdjd Kaluji had two sons. Residence: Dewds. 1860. and 14 guns ." Jiwaji adopted Anand Rao Pudr. 1864. descended from a common ancestor with the Rdjd of Dhdr.

Rai Bahadur. DEY. The title is personal. Thakur Chand Singh. Residence : Poona. Thakur Gopal Singh. chiefly Hindus. The area of the State is about 5 miles . 1834. Rao Bahadur. b. Belongs to a Rdjput (Muhammadan) family. Central India. which is in the Bhopdl Agency. A ruling chief. Received the title on May 21.fantry. Bombay. Belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. Thdkur of. b. Residence: Dewds. Kanny Lall. Central India. 62 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA DHAKJT KASHINATHJI. 1898. A ruling chief . Residence: Bombay. Succeeded to the gadi in 1854. Rao Saheb. See Kanhai Lai De. The State. and 6 guns. contains an area of about 10 square miles. b. Bhopdl. about 1820. G. The population of his State (which is in the Bhopdl Agency) is about 400. chiefly Hindus. Thdkur of. ODHARJI CHOTANEE. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Thdkur of. Indore. A ruling chief. Central India. DHAMASIA.. and an estimated population of about 1000. and was conferred on May 20. 1890. DHABLA GHOSI. Residence : Shujdwalpur. Succeeded to the gadi in 1871. Thakur Kalubawa. DHABLA DHIR and KAKARKHERI. Bhopdl. its population is chiefly .E. Residence: Shujawalpur. about 1836. DEWJI.I.

Sarddr of. Sarddr of See Mit Singh . DHAMI. Rai Bahadur. see also Partab Singh. The sanad recognizing the Rand is dated September 4. Rewd Kantha. and was . and received the CLE.Bhil (aborigines) . Rdwat of. DHANGA0N. Khdn Bahadur. and Sher Singh. Bombay. C. See Sarddr Singh. The title is personal. Rao Bahadur. but was made directly dependent on the British Power on the expulsion of the Gurkhas by the latter in 181 5. Punjab. DHANAKOTI RAJU. b. DHANDH0WAL. DHANJISHA HORMASJI. A ruling chief .I. W. chiefly Hindus . See Ujjal Singh. Residence : Rawal Pindi. The Rana maintains a military force of 60 infantry. See Danakoti. Created a Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction. DHANAKOTI MUDALIYAR.. 1815. 1899. Simla Hills. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Panjab Singh. Succeeded to the yadi January 26.. DHANAURA.E. 1855. The area of the State is 29 square miles . January 2. Khdn Bahadur. Punjab. The present Rana succeeded the Rana Govardhan Singh in 1870. on January 1. Rand of. whose founder. 1870. fled from Rdjpura in the Ambdla district. on the invasion of India by Shahab-ud-din Ghori in the 14th century. its population about 3300. 1893 . See Danakoti.E. DH AN JIBHAI FAKIR JI COMMODORE. Residence : Dhamasia. Residence: Dhami. Rana Fateh Singh. and conquered the territory ofDhami. The State was formerly a feudatory of Bilaspur.

Rdjd Jeswant Rao died .conferred on February 16. Rajputdna. About the year 1730 Anand Rao Pudr. Rai Bahadur. His Highness Raja Udaji Rao Baba Saheb Puar. to be the head of the Pudrs.I. said to be descended from the famous Hindu legendary heroes. who was the great-grandson of his namesake. celebrated for her courage and abilities. Rdjd of Dhdr. 1887. Rdjd of. Rdjd Bhoj is said to have been the first Pudr to come to Dhdr. Residence : Peshawar. who adopted Jeswant Rao. Residence : Kathiawar. DHANPAT RAI. was acknowledged by the Peshwd. Belongs (with their Highnesses the Rdjds of Dewds. The Rani was succeeded by her adopted son. Bombay. Residence: Lucknow. The title is personal. C. DHANPAT RAI. The Sarddr Bahadur is Superintendent of the famous Jaipur Imperial Service Transport Corps. DHAR. Punjab. Bdji Rao. the half-brother of the present Rdjd. Rai Bahadur. and was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. A ruling chief. 1887. 1899.. Sarddr Bahadur. and the determination with which she resisted the attacks of Sindhia and Holkar. One of the great historical Princesses of India. DHANPAT RAI. Rdjd. and was conferred on February 16. The title is personal.. and was recognized on December 9. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. 1864. widow of Anand Rao II. Oudh. was the Rdni Mind Bai. Rdjd Rdmchandra Pudr. Senior and Junior Branch) to the great Pudr Rdjput (Hindu) family. Residence: Jaipur.E. King Vikramdditya and Rdjd Bhoj.

The title is personal. Bhopawar. CLE. and created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. DHARAM NARAYAN. and the State was confiscated for rebellion during the Mutiny. 1883. chiefly Hindus. and 5 guns . and was conferred on January 2. The title of Viswas Rao (" Faithful ") is said to have been conferred on this family by the Mahdrdjds of Sdtdra. 1888. January 1. 1249 infantry. DHARAM NARAYAN PANDIT. as the descendants of Sivaji and the heads of the Mahratta Empire.000 Muhammadans and about 19. but it has not been recognized in recent years. Rai Bahadur. Central India. but it was restored in 1864 to the present Rdjd. who was then a minor. Residence: Dhar. but including about 12. The late Rdjd was granted the title of Mahdrdjd as a personal distinction. His Highness maintains a military force of 367 cavalry. The population is about 148. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Punjab. he had been created a Knight Commander THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 63 of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on January 1. The area of the State is about 1740 square miles. and it has many feudatories. Rai Bahadur. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. . 1877.000. Residence : Ambala.000 aborigines ..in 1857. The title is personal.

Sardar Dargaha Singh acquired considerable territory by conquest in 1759 A. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. His Highness Maharana Shri Narayandevji Ramdevji. Belongs to a Jat family. . Surat. 171 infantry. Dharampur. b. Punjab. Belongs to the Solar race of Udaipur. DHARAM SINGH (of Bichuri). and has received a sanad guaranteeing him the privilege of adoption. of Manjha. Sardar.. Jalandhar.D. and Shri Baldevji. His Highness maintains a military force of 40 cavalry. its population about 102. who was the father of the present Sarddr. and have always been recognized by the Paramount Power. Rdjd of. Shri Mohandevji. chiefly Hindus. in virtue of his descent from " the Sun of the Hindus. 1857. but his descendants were deprived of the largest portion of their estates by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. They were the Rajas of the Surat district when the British first came to the country. The area of the State is 794 square miles. Central India." the Udaipur Chief.000. The grandson of the Sardar Dargaha Singh was Sarddr Dewa Singh. Residence: Bichuri. Residence: Indore. Residence . Succeeded to the gadi January 20. 1860. His Highness's ancestors have borne the title of Maharana from time immemorial. His banner bears a goldenyellow sun in the centre of the field. DHARAMPUR. also several daughters and grand-daughters . September 3. 1840. His Highness has four sons— Shri Dharamdevji.and was conferred on February 15. Punjab". The title is hereditary. 1860. and is consequently a Sesodiya Rajput. and 4 guns. Has two grandsons. Shri Haridevji. b. Bombay.

DHARAMPURA. Appointed Deputy Collector in 1869 . whose founder came from Kaliangarh Sawain. b. and the late Raja was the seventh who had borne the title. on October 11. 1857. He was Raja of Parhat. Godavari District. 1854. Rao Bahadur. granted the personal title of Rao Bahadur in 1890 . A ruling chief . in the district of Partabgarh. DHARI. Assistant Commissioner of Salt Revenue in 1880 . b. See Sheolal Singh. The neighbouring Rajas conferred the title of Raja by tilak some 200 or 300 years ago. b. who in the year 1393 of the Samvat era came from Kanauj to Shiurajpur in the Cawnpur district. Thdkur of. Oudh. 1897. DHARMRAJ KUNWAR (of Parhat and Rajabazar). Bombay. the late Rao Lai Singh. 1862. 1878. and Biwdn Bahadur. Succeeded to a fifth share of this State on August 5. North-Western Provinces. as well as of Rajabazar. and a population of 1301. Residence : Cocanada. and was an Honorary Magis- . Succeeded his father. on October 18. 1874. Thakur Raesinghji Shivasinghj i. Thdkur of. Rednam. Cawnpur. the Raja Mahesh Narayan of Rajabazar. Rani. 1893. Is descended from the Raja Sheoraj Deo. Residence : Sipai. Residence : Dhari. 1896. Belongs to a Solankhya Rajput family. DHARMA RAO NAYADU. b. Thakur. and that of Diwan Bahadur on January 1. March 26. Rao. The State has an area of 3 square miles. The title is hereditary. DHARM RAJ SINGH. and acquired the territories of Rajabazar. The family are Raghubansi Rajputs. Madras. Rewa Kantha. Succeeded her late husband.

Garwara. b. 1884. Sarddr Balmdur . North. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor August 29. North. Residence: Maniwara. b.Western Provinces. Jaunpur District. Succeeded to the gadi in December 1887. Residence: Dharnanda. Nawab of Rahatgarh^ in return for which he received the title and considerable grants. Residence : Jaunpur. Rao Saheb. A ruling chief .trate both in Oudh and in the NorthWestern Provinces. 1889. for conspicuous gallantry in the Afghan "War. DHAUKAL SINGH. 1885. Thakur Bhim Singh. who was recognized by the British Government in 1843. 1859. The family are Kshatriya Hindus. Raja Sura Pratap Mahindra Bahadur. Gwalior. The title is hereditary. DHENKANAL. 1836. Residence : Rajabazar. b. 64 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA The population of the State is ahout 5000. A ruling chief. DHARNANDA. Received the title on June 28.Western Provinces. Rdjd of. chiefly Hindus. Rao Kehdri Singh. and . The father of the present Rao Saheb was the Rao Jag Raj Singh. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) family. Central India. The ancestor of this family. did good service with Sultan Muhammad. Central Provinces. DHARUP SINGH (of Maniwara). Thdkur of. Sagar. descended from Thakur Chhatar Sal.

The titles of Samant.316. who also recognized the title of Raja.000 Savars and other aboriginal tribesmen. Diler Jang. a flag bearing the emblem of the sacred fish. DHIRAJ LAL. b. said to have been founded by Harihar Samant Singhar. Belongs to a Jat (Hindu) family. Singhar. Rai Bahddur. Maharaj-Adhiraj Sri Sawai. from whom the State derives its modern name. The family crest and seal is the minaketana. Subsequently the title of Mahindra Bahadur was conferred by the Mahrattas. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor February 9. its population about 208. is 1463 square miles. Brahmarbar were conferred on'the family by the old Rajas of Orissa. DH0LPUR. Lokindar Bahadur. DHIYAN SINGH. 1862. NorthWestern Provinces. The title was conferred on January 1. 1894. which finally was conferred on the predecessor of the present chief by the Government of India in 1874. The title was conferred on January 1. Jai Deo. who established himself in Dhenkanal after killing the aboriginal Raja Dhenka.were anciently feudatories of the old Rajas of Orissa . Residence: Dhenkanal. 1896. Residence: Aligarh. Residence : Moradabad. but including about 80. His Highness the Mahdrdj Rdnd of. Munshi. The area of the State. The Raja maintains a military force of 343 infantry and 8 guns. chiefly Hindus. 1873. The full titles of this chief are — Major His Highness Rais-ud-daula Sipahdar-ul-Mulk. Chaudhri. Orissa. North-Western Provinces. which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. which . Mahdrdj Rand Nihal Singh. Bengal. A ruling chief . Rai Bahadur.

and in exchange granted to the Mahdrdj Rdnd Kirat Singh (ancestor of the present chief) the territories of Dholpur. Motto: Mitra Mitra. on a chief azure a sword between two towers or. In 1805 Lord Cornwallis granted Gohad to Sindhia. chiefly Hindus. when the Rdnd of Gohad. leaving a son and heir. The Mahdrdj Rand maintains a military force of 139 cavalry. His son married a daughter of the late Rdjd of Patidld. and 32 guns. but including 18. 1588 infantry. and was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Bdri. ancestor of the present Maharaj Rand. the present Mahdrdj Rdnd.traces its pedigree back to the 11th century. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. and was powerful in the 18th century. when it held lands under the Puar Kings of Delhi. and Rdjdkhera. The family colour was azure. joined the British troops in the Mahratta war in 1779. Arms : Or. Supporters : Two Rajput warriors in full armour. a " Hanumdn " gules. its population about 250. The area of the State is 1200 square miles . . and this has been subsequently adopted as the family cognizance. Crest : A " Narsinghji " (manlion) proper. His Highness is an Honorary Major in the British army. Kirat Singh was succeeded by Bhagwant Singh. with a figure of Hanumdn (the monkey-god) in the centre of the field. but in 1779 the British recognized the Rdnd as Mahdrdj Rdnd. but died before his father. In later times it acquired territory on the banks of the Chambal.000 Muhammadans and 2500 Jains. who succeeded his grandfather in 1873. but in an encounter towards the end of the last century the then chief captured from the Thdkurs of Bamraoli a golden-yellow flag.000. who showed great loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857. The title of Rand had been recognized by the Emperor Sikandar Lodi of Delhi.

S. Rdj Saheb of. Rao Bahadur. DHOLU. on October 28. sure foe"). M. Is the head of the Jhala Rajputs.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 65 Amitra Amitra (" Sure friend. b. R. K. and the chief of this family has consequently long held the title of Raj Saheb. CLE. His Highness's ancestors . 1899. K. Residence : Bombay. Khan Bahddur.d.C.S. A ruling chief . his late Highness the Raj Saheb Ranmalsinghji. and it is also commonly used as the vernacular equivalent of " His Highness.. January 11. Succeeded to the gadi on the death of his father." the title conferred by the Queen Empress.. and the founder of this dynasty is stated to have been Harapal Devji. by Jhala emigrants from Kathiawar. 1837. DHONDIBA HANUMANTRAO BARDE. It may be noted that the State of Jhalawar in Rajputana was founded in the beginning of the 18th century a..C. 1869. Rajputana.I. who obtained from the Solankhi Rajput Chief of Patan the grant of the district subsequently known as Jhalawar in Kathiawar. DHRANGADRA.I. Received the title on January 2. Residence: Dholpur. His Highness Sir Mansinghji Ranmalsinghji...d. while the title of " Maharana " is commonly used by the Jhala clansmen of their chief. The JMla Rajputs are said to have entered Kathiawar from Sind in the 8th century a. See Mancherji.

said : " His Highness the Raj Saheb of Dhrangadra commands respect as the head. Limri. then at Halwad in Kathiawar . especially in the matters of public instruction and internal communications.— from whom also descend the chiefs of Wankaner. and received the addition of four guns to his salute as a personal distinction. He has established an efficient girls' school at Dhrangadra. but he was on that occasion created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Sir Mansinghji has been distinguished for the enlightened character of his administration. To commemorate the visit of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to Bombay in 1870. Sayla. and Than-Lakhtar — were settled first at Patri in Ahmadabad . and many good schools throughout the State . When he was presented with the insignia of the Star of India. and other public works. and has constructed many good roads. speaking for the Government. and his loyalty was still more conspicuously displayed on the occasion of the landing of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales at Bombay in 1875. Wadhwan. which was celebrated by the erection and endowment of the Albert Edward Hospital at Dhrangadra. Chura. both of the Jhala tribe and of a ruling house second to none in domestic virtue. His Highness was prevented by serious illness from attending the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi on the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. at the same time as His Highness the Jam of Nauanagar. the Political Agent. He now accedes to the honours enjoyed by his . and finally at Dhrangadra. His Highness contributed a large sum towards the erection of a Dharmsdla at Rajkot .

its population about 100. Bombay. . ancl 6 guns. The area of the State is about 283 square miles .000. Kathiawar. he lost his eldest son and heir. Thakur Saheb Harisinghji Jaisinghji.father. A ruling chief . whose son (the grandson of the present chief) is now the heir-apparent to the gadi. Succeeded his father. the first Jam of Nauanagar.000. and is entitled to a salute of 66 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 9 guns. who founded that State in 1542 a. and 9 guns. The Raj Saheb maintains a military force of 103 cavalry. Thakur Saheb of. in 1879. Residence : Dhrangadra. 285 infantry. Residence: Dhrol. the late Rajkumar Jaswantsinghji. b. the late Thakur Saheb Jesinghji. its population is about 22. The area of the State is 1156 square miles. Is a Jareja Rajput. and the family is also the same as that of His Highness the Maharao Raja of Kutch. ." Much sympathy was felt for His Highness when. chiefly Hindus. the worthy son of a worthy sire. 1886. descended from a brother of Jam Rawal. chiefly Hindus. The Thakur Saheb maintains a military force of 25 cavalry. but including nearly 3000 Muhammadans. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. The decorations granted to these princes are the natural ornaments of exalted hereditary rank. but including about 6000 Muhammadans. 1846. DHR0L. October 26. 470 infantry.d. Sir Ranmalsinghji. Kathiawar.

Rai Bahadur. A ruling chief . about 1833. Is Vakil of Orchha. Succeeded to the gadi January 14. Thakur of. 1851 . is about 18 square miles . Received the title on January 2. Thakur Fateh Singh.. Rai Bahadur. DHULATIA. The title was conferred on May 25. DHYAN SINGH. its population is about 1600. DIDAR HUSAIN. Bengal. Rani of. A ruling chief . See Tara Moti. The title is hereditary. about 1866. Govindrao M. Mian. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Belongs to a Bundela Rajput (Hindu) family. DHURWAI. DIN MUHAMMAD. Khan Bahadur. Western Malwa. 1895. Punjab. which is one of the Hashtbhai jdgirs. The title was conferred on May 26. Bundelkhand. Diwan Ranjor Singh. Chaudhri. Central India. Received the title on June 3. Residence: Orchha. 100 infantry. DHAWAR HUSAIN AHMAD. 1899. descended from the Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha. Jdgirddr of.DHUKLE. Central India. Central India. Dhulatia. and 3 guns. Khan Saheb. b. Punjab. DILAWAR SINGH (of Tilokpur). b. Residence: Kangra. Residence : Dhurwai. Succeeded to the gadi in 1872. Residence. The area of the State. chiefly Hindus. Lala. DILBAGH RAI. Rao Saheb. 1899. Residence : Bombay. Residence : Gujrat. Shaikh. Khan Sa- . DILEHRI. See Dhiyan. The Jagirdar maintains a military force of 10 cavalry. Residence: Calcutta. 1894.

Central Provinces. for eminent service in the Police. as a personal distinction. Residence : Sonpur. Raghunath Rao. Received the title on June 3. 1881. Residence: Sagar. received the title on January 1. as a personal distinction. DINSHA D0SABHAI G0RWALA. Pandit. 1894. b. The title of Khan Saheb was conferred on August 18. See Edalji. Bombay. Rai Saheb. Central Provinces. Rao Saheb. Is Diwan of Sonpur. Granted the title of Kumar. Rdje Mashir-i-Khds Bahadur. 1896. CLE. 1898. Kumar. Honorary Magistrate and Municipal Commissioner of Calcutta. Bombay. DINENDRA NARAYAN RAI. DINSHA D0SABHAI KHAMBATTA. Rai Saheb. for distinguished service in the Education Department. Granted the title. The title was conferred on May 20. Central India. Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on January 1. 1893. DINKAR. DINKAR LAXIM0N GADGIL. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. Residence: Belgaum. Residence: Lahore. January 2. Residence : Mhow. Khan Bahadur.heb . January 2. The title was conferred on January 1. 1891. DINA NATH SEN. Edalji. Residence : Calcutta. See Raghunath. . DINSHA. DINA NATH. DINBANDHU PATNAIK. Residence: Disa. Residence: Calcutta. 1897. 1893. 1899. Rai Bahadur. 1843 .

Received the title on January 2. the grandfather of Rai Diwan Chand. Diwan Ramji Mai and Shamji Mai. was distinguished. Gaggan Mai. earned the title of Diwan in the time of the Emperor Aurangzeb . and obtained the title of Malik. appointed by him tutor of his grandson. See Muhammad Sharif Khan.DIP SINGH. Ramji Mai was THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 67 appointed Hazurnavis. His grandsons. DIRGUJ DEO. DIWAN CHAND. Thakur. but Diwan Nand Gopal. Palamau. Residence: Untari. and Shamji obtained a command in the Kabul army. who was in favour with the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Rajputana. Residence : Bikanir. b. as the founder of Ghartal in Sialkot. and rewarded by the grant of a jdgir and the appointment of Hazumavis. The only son of Diwan Ganpat Rai. DTWAN. 1899. Descended from a family whose ancestor. 1896. Is Zamindar of Untari. and received the title of Rai Bahadur on May 20. Rai Bahadur. Rai. in the time of the Emperor Akbar. and subsequently for Dera Nanak . . The Thakur is the Commandant of the Bikanir Imperial Service Camel Corps.— A prefix. Bhaiya. Bengal. The family left Ghartal for Jammu. 1835. Khan of. DIR. Rai Bahadur.

and Dera Ismail Khan .S. Residence: Bhera. as a personal distinction. DOSABHAI FRAMJI KARAKA. 1890. 1898. He was a brave soldier. Diwan Bahadur.returned to the ancestral home. Multan. Shahpur. late Collector of Bombay and Chairman of the Justices. Ambala. has subsequently been an able and successful journalist and author. Rai Saheb. DOMELI. Sayyid. DIWAN MUHAMMAD. Punjab. DIWAN JAMIAT RAI.I. Punjab. 1893. Has two sons. Mulk. The title was conferred on January 1. The title is hereditary. Received the title on January 1. DIWAN CHAND. and throughout the rebellions of 1847 and 1848 attached himself to the British Resident. January 2. Punjab. and is Vice-Presideut of the Punjab Press Association. Rai Saheb. C. and fought in the battles of Peshawar. as well as distinguished in municipal and university work. Created a . DIWAN JOWAHIR MAL. Raja of. who was appointed by the Maharaja Sher Singh officer in charge of the magazines. Granted the title. Khdn Saheb. Residence : Sialkot. His son was Diwan Ganpat Rai mentioned above. 1892. DODA KHAN. Punjab. Received the title on May 20. See Jamiat. Residence : Kharar. A distinguished citizen and official of Bombay. The Rai Diwan Chand was for some time Tahsildar of Roras in Wazirabad . Is Honorary Magistrate of Bhera. for eminent services in the post of Mir Munshi of the British Agency at Kabul. Residence: Sind. Munshi Brij Lai and Munshi Gayan Chand. Residence: Shahpur. Pandit. See Raushan Khan.

1864. and other territories added. The title is personal. Residence: Dugri. obtained the grant of large estates from Lord Lake as a reward for service rendered. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. by a sanad dated May 4. whose founder. Belongs to a Pindari (Muhammadan) family.Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on January 1. and was conferred on February 16. b. Nawab of. Khdn Bahadur. DUGRI. DTJJANA. Bombay. 1883. Mian Khuda Baksh. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Bhopal. Residence : Tajpur. Abdus Samand Khdn. Residence: Surat. Mian of. Thakur Anupbawa Dadabawa. b. Bombay. DOSABHAI PESTANJI. Residence : Dudhpur. about 1854. DUDHPUR. 1887. Central India. See Bhaisola. JalaUid-Daula Nawab Muhammad Muffitaz Ali Khan Bahadur Mustakil Jang. Belongs to a Rajput (Muhammadan) family. 1806. . DOTRIA. A ruling chief . A ruling chief. Succeeded to the gadi November 18. Succeeded to the gadi December 5. Residence: Bombay. The title is personal. DOST ALI KHAN. Thakur of. 1877. 1878. on the death of the late Nawab Muhammad Saadat Ali Khan. with his sons. The tenure was made hereditary. The Nawab belongs to an Afghan (Muhammadan) family. Nawab. Sind. A ruling cbief . b. Rewa Kantha. 1879. Succeeded to the gadi October 15. 1888.

but including nearly 6000 Muhammadans. for eminence in oriental learning.The Nawab Abdus Samand Khan was succeeded by his son Dunde Khan. on January 1. Sylhet. 1850. Maung. Central Provinces* DUN. Rao Bahadur. Punjab. The area of the State is 89 square miles . Myothugyi. Is Chief Minister of Palanpur. Mahdmahopddhydya. its population 23. Residence : Seoni. the father of Thakur Drug Singh of Sarekha (see Sarekha). Rai Bahadur. DTJLAM SINGH (of Piparia). b. Is Government Pleader. and he by the Nawab Hasan Ali Khan. Residence : Dujana. DTJLABJI D. BeDgal. Thakur. Residence: Pilokbar. The Nawdb maintains a military force of 25 cavalry and 140 infantry. DULAL CHANDRA DEB. Bengal. who was the father of the late Nawab Muhammad Saadat Ali Khan. The title is hereditary. 1897. Received the title on May 21. The title was conferred on January 2. Residence : Palanpur. 1898. The Thdkur is a grandson of Thakur Ananta Singh. who was a brother of Thakur Prithi Singh. DUKHA M0CHIN JHA. VED. chiefly Hindus. Residence: Sylhet. Thuye gauna . 6B THE GOLDEN BOOK OF 1N£&gt. Darbhanga.416. Received the title. Rohtak.1A 1890. Bombay. The title was originally derived from the Gond Rajas of Mandla.

D. after the name. 1839. chiefly Hindus. His Highness Maharawal Udai Singh Bahadur. the "Sun of the Hindus. Maharawal of. 1846. Nono of Spiti. the Maharaj Kunwar Khuman Singh.M.000." The Maharawals of Dungarpur were tributary. being found incompetent.ngwe Da ya Min. A ruling chief . Rajputana. descended from a branch of the ruling family of Udaipur. second son of the Chief of Partabgarh. to the Mughal Emperors of Delhi and to the Mahrattas. The title is personal. Subsequently the Maharawal Dalpat Singh succeeded to the gadi of Partabgarh. Succeeded to the gadi September 28. The title is hereditary. appointed to succeed. The distinctive family colour is red. from whom they were finally rescued by the British Power. Burma. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. 535 infantry. May 22. DUNGARPUR. the Nono being the descendant of the . Residence : Dungarpur.wal Jaswant Singh. The area of the State is about 1000 square miles. The Maharawal has a son and heir. The Bhils were reduced to submission. b. It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. a treaty being concluded iu 1818. Is a Sesodia Rajput." and is indicated by the letters T. His Highness the Maharawal maintains a military force of 251 cavalry. its population about 154. and his adopted son Dalpat Singh. Residence: Katha. 1 890.000 Bhils (aborigines). DUNJ SHETAN (of Spiti). from time to time. and 8 guns . so the British Government permitted him to adopt the present Maharawal (then a minor) to succeed him in Dungarpur. was deposed by the Government. but including 3609 Muhammadansand 67. and iu 1825 the Mahar&amp. and was conferred on May 20.

Residence: Hughli. DUE MUHAMMAD KHAN. and was conferred on May 30. 1822. and a Zamindar . who is an Honorary Magistrate. Spiti has been an outlying subdivision of the Himalayan district of Kangra* Punjab. whose family name is more commonly spelt " Law. Sheriff 1882 . elected a Governor of the Mayo Hospital April 11. formerly feudatories of Ladakh in Tibet. Since the conclusion of the first Sikh war in 1846. The Maharaja. Rai Saheb. The title is personal. The title is personal. The title was conferred on January 1.Tibetan Chiefs. senior partner of the firm of Messrs. The population of the valley— which is covered by deep snow every year from December to April— is hardly 3000. the title of Raja was con- ." was born at Chinsurah . appointed Justice of the Peace and Honorary Presidency Magistrate . 1878. CLE.. 1859.1895. Punjab. and was conferred on March 11. first native Member of the Port Commission. November 23. Khagwani. DURGA CHARAN LAHA. 1884. Bengal. See Darbhanga. 1891. Commissioner for the Reduction of Public Debt February 1882. and is administered by British officials with the aid of the Nono. Bahadur. Kangra. Member of the Imperial Legislative Council 1882 . Prawn Kissen Law and Company. Residence : Dera Ismail Khan. educated at the Hindu College. 1874 . DURBHUNGA. almost entirely Tibetan in race. DURGA CHARAN CHAKRAVARTI. b. made a Companion of the Indian Empire May 24. Calcutta . Maharaja. Punjab. President of the British Indian Association in 1885 and 1888 . Residence : Spiti. Member of the Senate of the Calcutta University . Member of the Bengal Legislative Council.

Babu. The title was conferred on May 21. in recognition of his eminence as an oriental scholar. 1894. 1849. b. " for good work as Personal Assistant to the Commissioners of the Patna and Presidency Divisions. 1852. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 69 DURGA GATI BANARJI.. DURGA PARSHAD. 1895.ferred in 1887. The title was conferred. 1891. The title was conferred on January 1. Calcutta. on May 25. born February 24. Lala. both Honorary Presidency Magistrates. Residence: Jai- . Rai Bahadur. October 12. on January 1. DURGA PRASAD. and Maharaj-Kumar Rishee Kesh Law. as a personal distinction. Rai Bahddut. Pandit. and exempted from personal attendance in Civil Courts January 27. 1847. the title of Maharaja conferred in 1891.Western Provinces. DURGA PARSHAD. Rai Saheb. 1898. and as Collector of Stamp Eevenue and Superintendent of Excise Revenue. CLE. Residence : Calcutta. Obtained the title on January 1. born May 4. North. The Maharaja has two sons— the Maharaj-Kumar Kristo Dass Law. again appointed a Member of the Imperial Legislative Council 1888. Mahdmahopddhydya. Calcutta. 1892. Residence: Punjab. Residence: 2 Cornwallis Street. 1892. Is a distinguished member of the TJncovenanted Civil Service." Created a CLE. Residence: Farukhabad.

Residence: Nepal. The title was conferred on January 1. Rai Bahadur. Romesh Chunder. 1897. Rai Bahadur. Ahmudan gaunr/ Tazeik .pur. Rai Bahddur. Rai Bahadur. DWARKA SINGH. Is District Engineer of Nadiya. CL. Received the title on January 1. Rai Saheb. Khdn Saheb. 1894. Mir. DURGA SINGH. Residence : Gwalior. See Romesh. Bengal. DWARKA TEWARI. 1899. DWARKA NATH SHEOPURI. The title is personal. Residence : Bakarganj. Bara Banki. Pandit. Rai Saheb. Received the title on January 1. Rai Bahddur. DWARKA NATH SIRCAR. DWE. Subahdar. 1898. The Rai Bahadur is an officer of the Nepal Residency Escort. 1899. Residence : DUTT. and was conferred on January l f 1890. Bengal. Bengal. Residence : Bareilly. Residence . Oudh. Residence : Kishnaghur. 1898. DWARKA NATH DUTT. Central India. NorthWestern Provinces. The title was conferred on June 22.E. Thakur. Rajputana. Residence : Nadiya. Received the title on January 2. DURRA KHAN. Received the title on May 21. Gitchki. DWARIKA NATH BHATTACHARJI. Maung. Bengal. 1899. Received the title on January 2.

ESSA JI. Khdn Bahddur. ELLAPA BALARAM. Central India. Biwdn Bahddur. See Jacob. Taungdwin. Residence : Secunderabad. Residence : Karachi. Bombay. Residence : Mhow. Rao Bahddur. . 1899. EDAVALATH KAKAT KRISHNAN. Bombay. Rdjd of. ELIJAH JACOB. The title was conferred on June 22. See Kakat. This Burmese title (see Introduction) was conferred on May 26. The title is personal. See Benjamin. Maharaja of . Residence: Bombay. 1899. ELAHI. 1897. 1898. EDALJI DOSABHAI. EDALJI PESTANJI. also see Cochin. 1894. Khdn Bahddur. Samuel. Burma. SeeDayal. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Bombay. The. CLE. and was conferred on February 24. Was created a CLE. Khdn Bahadur. See Ilahi. EKA. EDAIJI DINSHAH. DeccaU. 1894. Residence: Ahmadabad. Residence. ELAYA RAJA. EDALJI SORABJI CHENOY. Khdn Saheb. 1875. The title was conferred on May 21. See Narotam Singh. DYAL. ELIJAH BENJAMIN. See Travancore.ya Min. The title was conferred on May 26. Rdjd of. Khdn Bahddur. on January 1.

Rao Bahddur. Nawab Sir. 1894.ul4j the son of the 70 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA eldest son. Mount. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Kotah.I.ETIRAJULU PILLAI. December 31. and was conferred on April 12. son of Asghar Ali Khan. 1889. though the Nawab Mumta3-ud^d&amp. C. King of Oudh. Chaudhrain. The Nawab Sahiba is a lady belonging to the Homnabad family. Mumtaz-uddaula married Zinat-un-Nissa. Sind. Son of Nawab Mumtaz-ud-daula. and was conferred on May 24. Residence : Oudh. was alive. Residence: Bezwada. Rajputana. Khan Bahadur. FAIZ-UN-NISA. K. third King of Oudh.S. On the death of the latter he was succeeded by his second son. 1876. The title is personal. eldest son of Muhammad Ali Shah. PAGHFUR MIRZA. . FAIZ ALI KHAN BAHADUR (of Kotah). 1875. Residence: Tipperah. Ndwdb Sahiba. Residence : Karachi. FAIZ MUHAMMAD KAZI. The title is personal. The Nawab Bahadur was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. second king. Is the son-in-law of the late Wajid Ali Shah. Madras. the daughter of Malika Zamani. Amjad Ali Shah. one of the consorts of Nasir-ud-din Haidar. Mirza Bahddur. Bengal.

FARDUNJI PESTANJI. September 1827. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Hazara. The Arbab received the title of Khan Saheb on January 1. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Bombay. FAKIR CHAND. The family traces its descent from Sayyid Abdul Khair. Punjab. FAKIRJI JIWAJI. Residence: Oudh. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. who settled in Kara. The Khan Bahadur's ancestors received . Residence: Batala. Sayyid. The title was granted to Azmat-uddaula by King "Wajid Ali Shah in 1849. Lala. 1882. 1899. Maulavi. b. — Often a mere prefix. Rai Saheb . 1859 . Arbab. district Allahabad. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. 1898. Residence : Poona. being the son of the Nawab Azmat-ud-daula. Khan Bahadur. who married one of the King's daughters. August. 1897. The title of Khan Saheb was conferred on February 3. and was conferred on February 16. Sayyid. for distinguished service as a Judge. . Bombay. received the title on January 1. b. 1899. Punjab. The title is personal. 1874. FARID KHAN. 1887. King of Oudh. FAKIR. Nawab Intikhab-ud-dauld.UD-DIN. for services on the Hazara Border. Gurdaspur. of Khursan. and was conferred on October 8. The title is personal. in the year 1300.FAKHR-UD-DIN HAIDAR ALI KHAN. Khan Saheb. Is a grandson of the late Wajid Ali Shah. FARID.

1874. and the ancestor of the Sidhu and other illustrious Jat clans. seventeenth in descent from Jesal. and furnishing guides for the army. b. Succeeded to the gadi April 22. Is the head of the Barar Jat tribe of Sikhs. FARIDKOT. and in 1845. and the territory was granted to Diwan Mokam Chand. Pahar Singh received as his reward the title of Raja. 1899. 1842. In 1808 Faridkot submitted to the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. a fort about six miles south of the town of Faridkot. Khan Saheb. rose to eminence in the time of the Emperor Akbar.togetherwithhalf the territory confiscated from the Raja of Nabha. Faridkot was given back to its ancient possessors . the Sardar Pahar Singh of Faridkot attached himself to the English. when the first Sikh war broke out. the founder of the Jesalmir State. Raja Bahadur of Faridkot. Residence : Agra. Received the title on January 2. the Lahore General. and a descendant named Sardar Hamir Singh became independent Chief of Faridkot in 1782. A ruling chief. His nephew built Kot-Kapura. FARID-UD-DIN. A descendant of Barar's. North. He was succeeded . using his utmost exertions to collect supplies and carriage. But when in 1808-9 the British Government demanded from the Maharaja the surrender of his conquests on the left bank of the Sutlej. the family tracing their origin from Barar. Muhammad. His full titles are — His Highness Farzand -i-Saadat -i-Nishan -i-Hazrat-iKaisar-i-Hind Barar Bans Raja Bikrani Singh Bahadur.muafi grants from the Mughal Emperors for their ability and learning. the ancestral seat of his family. named Ballan.Western Provinces. Residence : Bombay. and in this obtained possession once more of Kot-Kapura. His Highness the Rdjd Bahadur of.

and a salute of 11 guns. Residence: Faridkot. Residence : Oudh. Shdhzdda. 300 infantry. the Raja "Wazir Singh. guarding the ferries over the Sutlej. Punjab. and greatly distinguished himself during the Mutiny of 1857 by seizing mutineers. who joined the English in the second Sikh war. whose village he destroyed. He was also exempted from the service of ten horsemen. Is a . Is the grandson of the late Amjad Ali Shah. and in 1862 he received a sanad conferring the right of adoption. For these services Raja Wazir Singh received the additional titles of " Bardr Bans Raja Saheb Bahadur. FARRUKH MUHAMMAD TAKI ALI. and 29. Mirza Bahadur. being the son of Mirza Dara Sitwat. 27. His troops served with credit under General Van Cortlandt in Sirsa and elsewhere.by his son.463 are Hindus." a khilat of increased value. The title was conferred by King Muhammad Ali Shah on Prince Dara Sitwat in 1838. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. and 6 guns . FARRUKH SIYAR. of whom 40.034. its population 97. fourth King of Oudh. The area of the State is 612 square miles .035 are Muhammadans. His Highness maintains a military force of 70 cavalry. and attacking a THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 71 notorious rebel named Sham Das. which he had previously had to provide .182 are Sikhs. The present Raja has given up excise and transit duties in exchange for compensation.

Nawab. The title was conferred on June 3. Khan Bahadur. K. Punjab. Sind. FATEH KHAN walad ABBAS ALI KHAN.B. b. M. and was recognized February 4. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Residence : Burma. FATEH CHAND. b. 1898. Residence : Sind. . 1896. Residence : Ludhiana.v. The title is hereditary. Residence : Hala. 1895. 1893. FATEH ALI KHAN. FATEH KHAN. Residence: Bahraich. Maulavi. Kazi. Subadar-Major (of Nabha). Nawab (q.E. 1897.Dr. Is the nephew of Sir Nawazish Ali Khan. 1853. 1868. a courtesy title.. Nawab. Succeeded to the title on November 19.. Residence : Lahore. Residence: Punjab. The title was conferred on May 25. Bengal.I. FATEH ALI KHAN (of Nawabgani). Khan Bahadur. The title is hereditary. who was restored to the throne of Afghanistan by the British.). The title is a personal one. Residence : Gaya.Rai Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. Received the title on May 21. Sind. FATEH KHAN.C. The title is personal . Mir.descendant of Shah Shuja. Punjab. Sayyid. Mir. Received the title on January 1. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. 1862. the King of Kabul. FATEH ALI SHAH. FARZAND AHMAD. Residence: Shikarpur.

The title was conferred on January 1. He was succeeded in 1825 by his widow the Rani . was Raja of Pawayan. . Punjab. Khan Saheb. 1898. and he was confirmed in his possessions by Mr. Received the title on May 21. Residence : Dera Ghazi Khan. Residence: Karnal. and was conferred on November 10. FATEH SINGH (of Pawayan). The Rdjd is an Honorary Magistrate. the leader of the second expedition. NorthWestern Provinces. Rdjd. Merwara. Wellesley. Udhai Singh. Makwal. Residence : Shdhjahdnpur. Khan. Haji. Residence: Hyderabad. b. Sind. Residence: Chang. At the time of the cession in 1802 the great-grandson of Udhai Singh. died in 1850. 1858. and was conferred on January 1. walad Sher Muhammad Khan. Punjab. and the present Raja succeeded his adoptive father on May 17. October 10. 1877. The title is hereditary.FATEH KHAN. The title is personal. FATEH KHAN. and the latter. The Khan is Khan of Chang. Sarddr. 1877. Mian. Belongs to a family of Gaur Rajputs. FATEH MUHAMMAD. the Deputy Governor. FATEH SINGH (of Guda). 1889. founded the town of Pawayan. 1891. His Highness being a descendant of the Amir who was ruling at the time of the conquest. having adopted Rdjd Jagannath Singh (the uncle and adoptive father of the present Raja). The title is hereditary. who first came into the district of Shahjahanpur to help the Rani of Nahil against the Pathans. His Highness. named Raja Raghunath Singh.

Shaikh. a minor of eight years of age. leaving his only son. Residence : Thehpur. 1894. The title was conferred on January 1. Khdn Bahadur. b. FATH All. Rdni of. On the annexation of the Punjab the Sardar's personal jdgir was confirmed to him for life — one quarter to descend to his son.72 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA FATEH SINGH (of Thehpur). . Rdjd of. FATEHPUR. Sardar Jiwan Singh. C. Khdn Bahddur. who is named Shamsher Singh. The Maharaja Ran jit Singh then seized the largest portion of the estate. giving Sardar Anand Singh. Sardar Anand Singh died in 1831. He died in 1804. jdgirs in Firozpur district. Residence : Calcutta. See Banganapale. the son and heir of Jiwan Singh. and his son. The title is hereditary. who was one of the most powerful of the Sikh chiefs during the latter half of the last century. Punjab.I. born in 1843. Sarcldr . Residence : Rampur. see also Umed Kuar. Nawdb. Lahore. FATEHYAB KHAN. Nawdb of.S. The title was conferred on January 1. died the next year. Muhammad. See Ratan Kuar . 1823. Nawdb. FATEHPUR. North. Descended from Sardar Milka Singh. FATEH-UD-DIN. See Takhat Singh. the present Sardar. 1895. FAUJDAR KHAN (of Ashti).Western Provinces.

Khdn Bahddur. Residence : Peshawar. Residence : Patna. FAZL HAKK KHAN. Wardha. 1899. Central Provinces. The title has been continued for life. and was conferred on February 16. FAZL IMAM SAYYID. Mir. FAZL DIN. FAYYAZ ALI KHAN. Munshi. Muhammad Khan Niazi.b. Khdn Saheb. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs who were Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Khdn Bahddur. Sind. The Nawab is the son of Nawdb Hatam Khdn. 1896. and has been recognized by the British Government. Received the title on May 21. FAZL AHMAD. Sind. Khdn Bahddur. about 1825. Mumtdz-ud-daula Nawdb. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Muhammad (of Pahasu). See Muhammad Fayyaz Ali Khan. Bengal. 1894. Residence : Chenab. The Nawab has a son and heir named Hatam Khan. The title was conferred on January 1. 1898. The title of Nawab was conferred by the Emperor Shah Jahan. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Karachi. The title is hereditary. . The title is personal . Residence: Ashti. Bombay. Residence: Shikarpur. The title was conferred on May 20. to whom Ashti was granted as a jdyir by the Emperor Jahangir of Delhi. Punjab. and is descended in a direct line from the Afghan chief. Khdn Bahddur. Residence . FAZL HUSAIN KHAN walad SOHRAB KHAN. Punjab. Bombay. FAZALULLAH LUTFULLAH. 1887.

The title is personal. Created a CLE. FRAMJI ARDESAR. Rdjd. FRAMJI COWASJI. a native of Ispahan in Persia. Khdn Saheb. and was conferred on May 24. CLE. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA .I. Residence : Hazara. The title was conferred on January 1.FAZL-I-RABBI. 1888. Khwandkliar. The title was granted June 22. The title is hereditary. FIROZ KHAN (of Barl). 1891. and their conquest of Kashmir. Bengal. Residence : Jalandhar. Residence: Baroda. are historical events. Residence : Ahmednagar. whose son. Khdn Bahadur. Bombay. son of Raja Ali Gauhar Khan . Khdn Bahadur. FAZULBHAI VISRAM. See Muhammad Fazl-ulla. They were settled in the Punjab about 300 a*d. on January 1. . 1896. named Sher Ahmad Khan and Gauhar Rahman. FRAMJI. 1895. 1897. Khdn Bahddur. Punjab. Residence: Murshidabad. Punjab. The Raja is a Gakkar chief. The Gakkars trace their descent from Kai Gohar. C. The title was conferred on May 30. Khdn Saheb.S. is said to have conquered Badakshan and part of Tibet. Dosabhai. The Raja has two sons. Muhammad. FAZL-ULLA. Residence : Bombay. Sultan Kaia. FAZL KARIM KHAN. See Dosabhai. and their resistance to the Emperor Babar.

A ruling chief. and a population of 1430. A*Mrc Bahadur. GAD. which is one of the Dang States of Khandesh. FRAMROZ ARDESIR MOOS. Tdlukddr of. Mahi Kantha. GABBAR SINGH (of Kundamardhangarh). FURZUND. The family is said to be descended from Shiani Shah Rao. Gond Raja of Mandla. The title was conferred on May 21. GADHKA. See Garh. b. Residence: Jabalpur. A ruling chief. Rdjd of. The title was conferred on January 1. GABAT. Residence : Gabat. 1898. Thakur Amarsinghji. b. 1898. Succeeded to the gadi October 6. Khan Bahadur. See Farzand. Rao.o. and belongs to a Makwana Thakura family. chiefly Bhils. Succeeded to the gadi as a . A ruling chief. Azam Jadeja Shivsinghji Govindji. chiefly Hindus. 1894. b. 1886. 1851. Thdkur of.RajaUmar Singh waladVevr&amp. Thdkur of. Residence: Abu. The State has an area of 22 square miles . Rajputana. The title is hereditary. and other aboriginal tribes. is 170 square miles . Central Provinces. is a tributary to Idar. its population 6309. GADHI. Bombay. 1868. Bombay. The area of the State. Konknas. Khandesh. and was originally conferred by Raja Bikram Shah. Succeeded to the gadi February 3. who first bore the title of Rao.73 FRAM JI NASARVANJI SANTUK. Residence : Bombay. Residence: Gadhi. 1869.

Has established and maintains several schools . on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign. and has given large donations to many public objects.Mahdrdjd. Kathiawar. Rai Bahadur. Lala. The title was conferred on February 16. a mosaic picture as a mark of appreciation of his kindness shown to the Catholics of Vizagapatam. November 26. 1887. Sri Goday Jaga . 1898. GAGAN CHANDAR RAI (of Baraset).. through his Delegate Apostolic in East Indies. its population 2252. Was a Member of the Madras Legislative Council from 1868 to 1884.TX. presented the statue of Her Majesty the Queen Empress of India to the city of Madras in honour of Her Majesty's Jubilee in 1887 . 1870. as a personal distinction. Rai Bahadur. in 1891.. GAJAPATI RAO. Punjab. 1828. the Companionship of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire in 1892 . Bombay. The title of Raja was conferred upon him in 1881 . Js a scion of the ancient Goday family of Vizagapatam in the Northern Circars. The area of the State is 23 square miles. Calcutta. North. Has received from His Holiness the Pope Leo XIII. Residence : Gadhka. Educated in the Hindu College. Q. Madras Presidency. and the title of Maharaia on May 21. andZamindarof Ankapalle and other estates. p f December 2. GAGAR MAL. and a Fellow of the University of Madras. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. chiefly Hindus.minor. Residence : Amritsar. CLE.Western Provinces. The Raja's grandfather. Residence: Ghazipur. The title was conferred on June 3. 1893.

Rao. Lord Connemara. when publicly complimenting the Raja on his presentation of the statue of the Queen Empress to the city of Madras. Goday Soorya Narayan Rao. The title is hereditary. followed in the footsteps of his father. dated April 17. Sarddr. with the motto." Sri Jaga Rao was succeeded by his son Sri Goday Soorya Narayan Rao." The Raja's crest is a rising sun over a Hindu device. born 1792. and during the famine of 1833 fed a large number of poor in the neighbourhood of Nellore. said of this gentleman I ' ' The Raja's father. Madras. It was pi him that the Honourable Court of Directors in a communication to the Government of Fort Saint George." in Sanskrit and Latin. and The Mansion. founded various charitable institutions. distinguished himself in^ the service of Government about the middle of the 18th century. 1789. GAJINDAR SINGH (of Majithia). Residences : The Mahal. Vizagapatam. The father of . died 1853. He also contributed largely to various public works. wrote I " We concur in the acknowledgment your Government have rendered of the zeal for our interests manifested on various occasions by Goday Jugga Row. Be- 7-1 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA longs to the same family of the Shergil Jat tribe as his first cousin the Sardar Dayal Singh of Majithia (see Dayal Singh). " I desire the Light. both Sardars being grandsons of Sardar Disa Singh. father of the Raja .

Sardar Bahddur. GALE MAUNG. being the son of Sardar Disa Singh by another mother. and was promoted to be a Sardar Bahadur on May 26. b. 1889.S. the late Rao Saheb Hindupat. The title is personal. Bombay. Is an Extra Assistant Commissioner in the Central Provinces.M.S. GA JRAJ SINGH. The title is personal. GANESH BALKRISHNA HANCHINAL. It means "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour.v. 1896. Sagar. Is the younger brother of Rao Saheb Malkhan Singh (q. Thakur. Azam. Sardar. The Sardar is the present head of the Dhiru Majra Sardars. Rai Bahadur. Burma. Residence: Amritsar. He has taken great interest in educational matters. Residence : Patiala." and is indicated by the letters K. they succeeded on the death of their father. 1899.) . Kyet thaye zauny shwe Salwe ya Min. GA JRA J SINGH (of Bharrai) . Received the title on January 2.Sardar Gajindar Singh was Sardar Ranjodh Singh. The title is hereditary. Residence: Dhiru Majra. Punjab. /. GANDA SINGH. 1865. Rao Saheb. 1883. Residence: Bharrai. Residence: Central Provinces. Central Provinces. Punjab. after the name. 1894. Residence : Tavoy. .. C. half-brother of Sardar Lahna Singh. He was a General in the Sikh army. and was conferred on January 1. Punjab. GANDA SINGH(of Dhiru Majra). and was conferred on November 26. who come of a Jat family. Residence : Belgaum. Ludhiana. on September 9. The Sardar has been created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India.

The title was conferred on February 16. Residence : Sholapur. Rai Bahddur'. Sar Subah. The title is personal. GANESH SITARAM SHASTRI. The title is personal. and was conferred on October 17. Rao Saheb. GANGA PARSHAD SINGH. Rao Bahddur. Received the title on January 2. The title is personal. Rai Bahadur. Rao Bahddur. Bombay. 1898. GANGA CHARAN DAS. The title was conferred on May 21. Residence : Bombay. for good service in the Police Department.. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Majesty the Queen Empress. Bombay. Residence : Lucknow. Oudh. GANESH NILKANT NADKARNI. 1883. Received the title on May 21. Central India. Rao Bahddur. Rai Bahddur. 1890. Received the title on May 21. Residence: Mahi Kantha. 1898. and was conferred on May 24. 1884. Bombay. GANESH VENKATESH JOSHI. GANESH GOVIND. 1899. 1887. Bombay. and was conferred on January 1. 1898. The title is personal. GANESH PANDURANG WAIDYA. Rao Bahddtir. Residence : Indore. as a personal distinction.GANESH GAmADKAB. Residence: Poona. Rao Saheb. Residence : Nasik. and was . GANESH PERSHAD SINGH. Thakur. Residence : Baroda.

The title was conferred on June 3. Residence : Darbhanga. Is Officiating Extra Assistant Commissioner. CLE. Gujrat. Rai Bahadur. North-Western Provinces. GANGA RAM. Central Provinces. Residence: Raipur. 1897. GANGA SINGH. Rai Bahddur. Punjab. Received the title on June 22. Lala.. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 75 GANGADHAR RAO MADHAV CHITNAVIS. Munshi. Rai Saheb. Residence : Kunjah. Residence : Punjab. A member of the Viceroy's Legislative Council . GANGA PERSHAD.conferred on July 6. Rai Bahddur. 1888. Was formerly an Extra Assistant Commissioner in the Punjab. 1895. Residence : Rewa. Central India. Received the title on January 1. The Hon. GANGA SINGH. Central Provinces. Residence : Nagpur. GANGA RAM. Residence : Benares. The title was conferred on January 1. 1898. Bengal. Rai Bahddur. 1893. Punjab. . Received the title on January 1. Rai Bahadur. Residence : Lahore. was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 25. 1898. 1895. GANGA RAM. 1897. Received the title on June 22.

Rdjd of. b. Punjab).985. 1897. The area of the State. The title is personal. known as the Sikhar family of Sikharpur or Pachete in Manbhum. NorthWestern Provinces. Rdjd of. chiefly Hindus. was created a Companion . Central Provinces. 1890. is 2484 square miles . The title is persona]. Residence : Gangpur. The title was conferred on February 16. GANPAT BABJI SAHASRABUDHE.GANGADHAR SHASTRI. Rao Saheb. Deccan. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. which is one of the Chota Nagpur Tributary Mahals. C. GANPAT RAI (of Deri Ghazi Khan. A ruling chief . Diwdn. and is named Tikait Harinath Sikhar Deo.E. The title was conferred on May 21. 1883. Residence: Chanda. 1898. Residence : Benares. Succeeded to the gadi November 28. and was conferred on May 24. GANGAJI RAMJI. Residence : Hyderabad. See Hukm Singh. Mahdmdhopddhydya. The Raja's eldest son and heir bears the title of Tikait. 1849. its population 107. GANGWAL.I. for eminent services rendered to Government as an Extra Assistant Commissioner in Baluchistan. and was conferred on January 1. See Suraj Pargas Singh.. Raja Raghunath Sikhar Deo . Bengal. in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. Rao Bahadur. G ANGPUR. The title was conferred on June 22. The Diwan. 1887. GANGSHA BAPU (of Palasgarh). 1858. Rdjd of. Rao Saheb. Belongs to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. Chota Nagpur. Residence : Aden. GANGWAI.

b. 1898. GANPATRAO RAMCHANDAR. Central Provinces. Residence : Bombay. The title is hereditary. GANPAT SINGH. Residence : Bombay. 1845. Thdkur. Residence : Bombay. The title is hereditary. 1892. and his jdgir was originally held by a family of Mowasses of Korkors. Residence : Ujjain. The title was conferred on January 1. Rai Bahadur. Is the Zaminddr of Harawat. 1892. having been originally conferred by the Rajas of Deogarh. Rao Bahadur. The title was conferred on May 30. GARAB SINGH (of Nandsa). 1870. 1896. The Rao has a son and heir. Bhagalpur. GANPAT RAO (of Jaisinghnagar).of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 25. The ancestors of this family were a branch of that of the ancient rulers of Sagar. GANPATRAO M0R0BA PITALE. Residence : Harawat.. Received the title on January 1. GANPAT RAO AMRITRAO MANKAR. Rao Bahadur. Rao Saheb. Bengal. Central India. named Narayan Rao. Sagar. and was conferred on October 31. The title is personal. and was originally conferred by the old Mahratta Government. The title is personal. GANU NAIDU. Residence: Jaisinghpur. the hereditary guardians of the . 1879.Ka0. Residence: Baluchistan. and was conferred on January 31. The Thakur is Jagirdar of Pachmari. Rao Bahadur.

Rai Bahadur. its population is almost entirely Bhil (aboriginal). Belongs to the Bundela Rajput . Rdjd of. Thdkur of. b. Jdgirddr of. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) family. which is the largest in the Sankhera Mehvas. Central India. 1884. A ruling chief. The State is feudatory to Gwalior. Residence: Garha. Belongs to a Chauhan Rajput (Hindu) family. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor March 16. b. See Tehri. A ruling chief. Bombay. contains an area of 134 square miles . Diwan Bahadur Chandra Bhan Singh. Guna. 1884. and was formerly a portion of the Rajhugarh jdgir.Cave of Mahadeo. Rewa Kantha. Succeeded to the gadi November 10. Its population is about 9500. Central Provinces. b. 1881. Its name is sometimes spelt Gharra. Thakur Chandrasinghji. GARHWAL. GARRAULI. 1866. Raja Balbhadar Singh. 1885. in the Pachmari Hills. Succeeded to the gadi April 7. GARH. See Mangal Singh. Residence: Garh. GARHA. A ruling chief. Residence: Nandsa. Rdjd of. The State. Thakur of. descended from a younger brother of one of the ancestors of the Chief of Chhota Udaipur. 1870. to whom the Thakur of Garh is tributary. 7G THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA GARHI. Hoshangabad.

October 17. etc). in 1872. its population 4976. Belongs to an ancient family. GAUR CHANDER MAN SINGH HARI CHANDAN MURDRAJ BHRAMARBAR RAI (of Parikud).(Hindu) family. the younger grandson of Rudra Pratap (founder of Orchha). Charkhari. U„ C. See U. was the founder of the Satgharia branch of this family. Jaso. whose founder was the Raja Jadu Raj. and the present Raja succeeded to the f/adi on the death of his father. from which descends the Garrauli Chiefs. He fought against the Subahdar of the province on behalf of the Nawab Parasuramraj Pandit. November 1850. and 4 guns. 1898. Sarila. b. Bijawar. GAUHAR KHAN. 56 infantry. The title of Raja is hereditary. Diwan Parichhat. Bundelkhand. The title was conferred on June 22. Residence: Quetta. Diwan Gopal Singh obtained a sanad. chiefly Hindus. He possessed Parikud and other territory in the time of the Mughals. GAUNG. Ajaigarh. Khdn Bahadur. Residence : Garrauli. receiving large grants of territory from the Nawab as his reward. Lughasi. He was succeeded by his so . Raja Chandra Sikhar Man Singh. Rdjd Bahadur. Central India. and defeated him. Man Singh. from the British Government in 1812.I. Mian. Jigni. of the Orchha stock that has given rulers to so many States of Central India (see Panna. Towards the close of the Mahratta rule . The Diwan Bahadur maintains a military force of 2 cavalry. The area of the State is 25 square miles . on whom the additional title of Bahadur was conferred. 1897. Datia. He was granted the title of Raja Bahadur as a personal distinction on January 1.S. 1844.

A ruling chief. Jdgirddr of. and incurred great personal loss at Banda. Belongs to a Brahman (Hindu) family. 1859. He became a leader of note. The chief maintains a military force of 43 cavalry. GAURHARI RAI. Rajdhar Rudra Pratap.the Raja Harisebak of Parikud was defeated by the Raja of Khurdah. Tdluhddr of. a khilat. its population is 10. Bengal. and in 1807 was granted the Gaurihar jdgir by the British Government. Succeeded to the gadi on the death of the late Rao Gajadhar Prasad. Rao Shamle Prasad Bahadur. The title is personal. GAVRIDAD. and was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Parikud. His son. the title of Rao Bahadur. did excellent service. Residence . Puri. GAURIHAR. chiefly Hindus. b. Orissa. and lost most of his possessions.691. 198 infantry. the head of the family. Residence: Midnapur. showed great liberality in the time of the Orissa famine of 1866. At the beginning of the present century Rajdhar Rajl Ram. Rai Bahadur. November 14. predecessor of the present Raja. in the Cawnpur Darbar of 1859. and the right of adoption. 1887. was a Sardar of the Banda-Ajaigarh State. Bengal. Raja Chandra Sikhar Man Singh. Residence: Gaurihar. Azam Jadeja Pratapsinghji Meruji. For this the Government conferred on him. The area of the State is 72 square miles. 1884. Central India. A ruling . and 6 guns. Bundelkhand. that held the title of "Sawai Rajdhar" from ancient times. and was conferred on April 7. and Governor of its fort of Bhuragarh at Banda.

The State. The title was conferred on June 22. saved the life of the Raja Mardan Singh from the Raja of Tehri. 1839. GHANASHAM. He has one son. An ancestor of the family. Residence : Bombay. has an area of 27 square miles . Succeeded to the gadi in 1855. Bat Saheb. Bao Saheb. GHAMAJI BALAJI RUKARE. Central Provinces. GHAMANDI LAL. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. and a population of 2381. 1899. Diwdn Bahadur of See Garrauli. See Ghansham. The title is hereditary. . having been originally conferred by Raja Mardan Singh of Garhakota. 1852. Sagar. GAWHALI. GEROLI. Bombay. chiefly Hindus. Received the title on January 2.chief. 1897. Residence : Pindarna. which was the original seat of the Chiefs of Palitana. Thakur . 19 infantry. Thakur Bhairao Parshad. Lala. Kathiawar. Residence: Simla. Residence : Gavridad. b. Chief of. See Raysinghpur. named Rawat Parshad. GAYA PARSHAD (of Pindarna). and obtained from him a sanad THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 77 btx copper-plate. b. The Talukdar maintains a military force of 11 cavalry. 2 guns. granting him lands and the title of Thdkur.

The Raja comes of a family of Baisni Jats. Rao Bahadur. Raja Tikam Singh was also created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. GHANSHAM NILKANT NADKARNI. Received the title on June 3. who obtained lands from the favour of the Naw&amp. who is an Honorary Magistrate. GHANSHAM SINGH (of Mursan). and was succeeded by Raja Tikam Singh. His great-grandson. Thakur Nand Ram.1851. He died in 1878. having a common ancestor with the Rdja Har Nar&amp.yan Singh of Hathras in Aligarh — a Jat Chief. during the Mutiny of 1857. Saadat Khan.b Vazir of Oudh. who largely increased the family estates.GHANAULI. by name Makhan. and was granted a jdgir by the British Government for good services performed in Lord Lake's campaign. and was succeeded by his grandson. died in 1696. Residence. Sarddr of. and assumed the title of Raja. and also increased the estates. and was succeeded by his son Phup Singh. and having long been recognized by Government. 1899. The latter left a son named Khusal Singh. for the excellent services of the Raja Tikam Singh. His son Bhagwant Singh succeeded in 1798. He died in 1749. was formally conferred on December 3. grandfather of the present Raja. Residence : Bombay. leaving fourteen sons. He died in 1823. who came from Rdjputana and settled in the neighbourhood of Mursan. See Uttam Singh. of whom above. of whom one was named Zulkaran. Rdjd Bahadur \ 6. the present Raja. The title is hereditary. 1859. .

Is the half-sister of his late Highness Muhammad Ghaus. and was conferred on January 1. The title is per- . Aligarh. GHATAKHERI. the Thakur being the head of a Raj-Gond family. Was granted the personal title of Nawab in 1822. Mysore. Residence : Madras. See Garha. See Khuman Singh. Diwan. 1895. Rdjd of. See Muhammad Ghayasud-din. Succeeded the late Thakur Ujyar Singh on September 8.Mursan. Thdkur of. tfawdb. Residence: Gharwara. Residence : Kadar. Shaikh-ul-Mushaikh. GHAYAS-UD-DIN. Residence: Ghari. GHARWARA. in celebration of the assumption of the Imperial title by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress.Western Provinces. The title is hereditary. Bhumia of. its population is about 980. Muhammad. The State is also called Bhaisakho. GHAUSIA BEGAM. Khdn Bahadur. Thakur Latkan Singh. GHARI. North. /. about 1839. GHARRA. GHAYAS-UD-DIN ALI KHAN. A ruling chief. the last of the titular Nawabs of the Carnatic. Central Provinces.. 1877. GHAUS SHAH KADARI. Khdn Bahddur. Succeeded to the gadi in 1864. Thdkur of. Belongs to a Bhilala family. Central India. GHAT PIPARIA. Bhumia Nahar Singh. See Hindupat. b. The title is personal. Thdkur of. 1878. Seoni. Bhopawar.

Khdn Bahadur. 1898. Residence : Bombay. Succeeded to the gadi January 5. Residence : Nasik. A ruling chief. Residence : Ajmir. GHORAM KHAN. The area of the State is . and was conferred on January 1. Khdn. Sardar. Bombay. Is tributary to the Gaekwar. The title is personal. GHAZANFAR ALI. Thdkur of. 1883. Sind. A member of the Carnatic family. Lehri. Residence: Karachi. Mir. Khdn Saheb. 1895. having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. The title was conferred on May 25.sonal. b. 1884. was recognized 1890 Residence: Madras. Khan Bahadur. GHAYAS-UD-DIN JALAL . Granted the title. Baluchistan. 1869. Residence : Sibi. Rai Bahadur. ThakurDada Saheb Surajmalji. Mir. Keceived the title on January 1.UD . GHOLAM. GHORASAR. 78 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA GHAZI KHAN. 1893. and. SeeGhvlim. and was conferred on February 21. GHELLABHAI HARIDAS. January 2.DIN. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Maiesty as Empress of India. The title is a personal one . 1877. as a personal distinction. Rind. Belongs to a Dabbi Rajput (Hindu) family. Kazi.

GHORIWAHA. GHULAM AHMAD-ULLA. Mirza. was recognized 1890. GHULAM AKBAR KHAN walad HUSAIN BAKHSH KHAN. AHMAD. having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Khan Bahadur Kasim Jang. GHULAM ALI KHAN walad GHULAM . Residence: Ghorasar. Sind. Khan Bahadur. Was a Companion of the Most Order of the Indian Empire. Nawdb.40 square miles . its population 8400. GHULAM AHMAD KHAN. Mir. Khan Bahadur. chiefly Hindus. Residence: Madras. Residence : Hyderabad. 1895. GHULAM AHMAD. 1895. GHTJLAM created Eminent May 24. Sarddr of. GHOSE SHAH KHADRI. Is styled Muhammad Khair-ulla Khdn. Residence : Gwalior. Central India. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. The title. The title was conferred May 25. The title. Bombay. Residence: GHULAM AHMAD KHAN. Residence: Jalandhar. CLE. Punjab. Khdn. having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. See Ghaus. Mahi Kantha. The title is hereditary. Residence: Madras. See Jamiat Singh. 1881. Sahebzada. Munshi. was recognized in 1890. for services on the Council of Regency of the Gwalior State. The title was conferred May 25.

Sind. but subsequently migrated to Nepal. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. North -Western Provinces. GHULAM HAIDAR KHAN. Munshi Khwaja. and finally settled at Benares. Belongs to a family that left Kashmir towards the close of the Durrani dynasty on the occasion of a political outbreak. Khwaja Ghulam Ghaus succeeded his uncle as Mir Munshi to Government. . Residence : Hyderabad. 1822. for which a sanad and khilat were conferred upon him. GHULAM GHAUS. See Ghulam Muhammad Ghaus. The title is hereditary. Residence : Batala. b. and was conferred on June 6. GHULAM FARID. engaged in commerce at Lhassa . Punjab. Sind. Residence: Shikarpur. Sind. The title has been continued for life. Residence : Allahabad. Rendered loyal service during the Mutiny of 1857. GHULAM GHAUS. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Khdn Bahadur Zulkadr . GHULAM ALI KHAN walad ZULFIKAR KHAN. 1891. and removing to Tibet. the Mir being a descendant of the Talpur Mirs. The title is personal. who were ruling in Sind at the time of the annexation. Mir. The title has been continued for life. Mian.SHAH KHAN. Mir. Residence : Hyderabad. The title was conferred on May 30. Achakzai. 1885. GHULAM ALI KHAN walad KHAN MUHAMMAD. Mir. Khdn Bahadur. and held that post till his retirement in 1 885 .

1899. Khan Bahadur. GHULAM HASAN ROGAY. Sind. GHULAM HASAN KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. h. Khan Saheb. The title is hereditary. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 79 GHULAM HASAN. Baluchistan. The title of Khan Saheb was conferred on May 20. Residence: Sind. Received the title on June 3. son of Sultan Muhammad Khan of Constantinople. Shaikh. There is also a sanad from Muhammad Shah. Punjab. The title has been continued for life.Khdn Bahadur. about 1847. 1899. and was conferred on January 2. . Mir. Residence : Amritsar. Belongs to a Jat (Muhammadan) family. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. 1888. GHULAM HAIDAR KHAN walad MUHAMMAD KHAN. Mir. Residence : Shikarpur. The title is hereditary. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Mulk . GHULAM HUSAIN (JATI). Residence: Bombay. Emperor of Delhi. Sind. The title is personal. Residence: Karachi. Residence: Gulistan. 1896 . the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. the tradition being that it was first conferred by Sultan Murad Khan.

Residence : Vellore. Residence : Dera Ismail Khan. GHULAM KASIM KHAN. Mir. and was conferred on October 6. 1864. The title has been continued for life. Punjab. originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Residence: Shikarpur. was conferred on December 5. Residence : Maksudangarh. Kati Khel (of Tank). The title is personal. on succession to the Chiefship of Tank. GHULAM JLLANI. GHULAM KADIR KHAN walad KHAIR MUHAMMAD KHAN. The title. 1899. Jf*'r. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. which is hereditary. was recognized in 1890. 1882. Nawab. Khan Saheb. Madras. The title is personal. Central India. 1890. North Arcot. Is Superintendent of the Maksudangarh State. Sind.GHULAM HUSAIN SAHEB. Sind. GHULAM KADIR KHAN (of Kharja. Central India. Is Nawab . The title. Residence : Gwalior. Residence: Madras. Residence : Shikarpur. Khan Bahadur. 1899. GHULAM KADLR KHAN walad KHAN MUHAMMAD KHAN. Received the title on June 3. Khan Bahadur. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. GHULAM KADLR KHAN. The title is hereditary. Received the title on January 1. Khan. Bulandshahr). and was conferred on May 20. GHULAM KUTAB-UD-DIN. Central India. Nawdb.

1897. The title is a personal one. was recognized in 1890. GHULAM MAHMUD. Is son of Muazzaz-uddaula. Residence: Madras. Received the title on January 1. Nawab. was recognized in 1890. Residence: Madras. Is son of the Prince of Arcot. and was conferred on April 3. Khan Saheb. Residence: Bombay. The title is a personal one. 1897. The title is personal. Residence : Perambalur. The title was conferred on June 22. Punjab. Residence: Madras. Khan. GHULAM MUHAMMAD. 1861. and was conferred on September 28. Khan Bahadur. GHULAM MOHIDEEN SAYYID ABDUL GHAFUR SAHEB. Khan Bahadur. 1899. Haji. The title is a personal one. Madras. GHULAM MOHI-UD-DIN SAHEB. GHULAM MUHAMMAD. and having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. 1884. GHULAM MUHAMMAD. Residence: . the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. and having been originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Khan Bahadur Ghalib Jane/ Sharf-xid-dauld. b. Residence: Madras. and that of Nawab on June 3. Khan Saheb. and grandson of his late Highness Azim Jah. GHULAM MUHAMMAD. Haji. 1898. 1885. Residence : Tanjore. Residence: Mamdot. Khan Bahadur. GHULAM MUHAMMAD GHAUS. Is styled Niamat Khan.of Mamdot. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur in 1876. Granted the title on June 22. Madras.

Punjab. Received the title on January 1. The title has been continued for life. b.Madras. Son of Sardar Jang. 1850. Sind. Residence: Dera Ismail Khan. Residence : Delhi. who were ruling in Sind at the time of the annexation. 1898. GHULAM MUHI-UD-DIN. Khan Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. GHULAM MUHAMMAD HAIDAR SAHEB. Granted the personal title of Khan Bahadur in 1885. GHULAM MUHAMMAD HASAN. Kazi. Madras. for which he received the title as a personal distinction in 1887. GHULAM MUHAMMAD KHAN. Rendered eminent service in the Madras Police. Khan Bahadur. Khan Saheb. 1852. Punjab. Residence : Hyderabad. 1834. 1897. b. b. Coimbatore. the Mir being a descendant of the Talpur Mirs. f or'good . b. GHULAM MUHAMMAD HASAN All. GHULAM MUHAMMAD KHAN walad RUSTAM KHAN. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction in 1883. Munshi. Mir. 1855. Re- 80 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA tired on pension in 1890. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Karur. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence: Madras.

GHULAM NAJAF KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. Residence: Madras. Is an Honorary Magistrate. Residence: Baluchistan. 1890. Is son of the Prince of Arcot. GHULAM NABI KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. Sardar. Mir. Sind. and having been conferred originally by the Nawab of the Carnatic. 1897. India. GHULAM RASUL. Khan Saheb. GHULAM MUHI-UD-DIN. Residence : Shikarpur. The title is hereditary. Mir. Miyan. GHULAM NABI ALI. The Mir is a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Khan Bahadur Nasir Jang. Punjab. Madras. GHULAM MURTAZA. Received the title on January 1. The title is a personal one. Sarai. GHULAM RASUL KHAN. Khan Bahadur. GHULAM RASUL.service in the Railway Department. Chaudhri. Residence : Peshawar. Sind. Khan Bahadur. The title is personal. Is a member of the Carnatic family. Jatoi. 1898. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Shikarpur. Granted the title on June 22. and was conferred on January 1. was recognized in 1890. The Mir is a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time _ of the annexation. Punjab. The title has been continued for life. Residence : Tanjore. The title was con- . Residence : Sialkot. The title has been continued for life. Residence .

. GHULAM SARWAR. 1859. and rules over one of the Simla Hill States. 1898. K.v.ur. Sind. GHULAM-ULLA KHAN walad GHULAM MUSTAFA KHAN. Belongs to a'Kshatriya family of the Chandra Vansi or Lunar sept. Punjab. whose founder . GHULAM RAZA SAHEB. Sind. b. Residence: Hyderabad. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Madras. 1897. Residence : Madras. Maharaja Bahadur of. The Mir is a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Maharaja Sir Ravaneshwar Prasad Singh Bahadur. See Sultan Muhi-ud-din. 1896. Residence: Ghund. GHULAM RASUL SAHEB.ferred on May 20. Sind.Ulama. The title has been continued for life. Received the title on January 8. GHULAM SHAH KHAN walad KHAN MUHAMMAD KHAN. GHULAM SADIK KHAN. Khan Saheb. Residence: Kohat.: Hyderabad. Residence : Peshawar. GHULAM SULTAN MUHI-UD-DIN. The title is hereditary. Chief of. Punjab. 1899. Residence: Hyderabad. Is a feudatory of the Raja of Keonthal (q. Received the title on May 21. 1898.). The title was conferred on June 22. Shams-ul. CLE. SubahdarMajor. Mir. Khan Bahdd. GHUND. Simla Hills. Residence. GIDHAUR. The Mir is a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Maulavi Haji. The title was conferred on January 1. Mir.

who is well known for his benevolence and loyalty. . and his grandson was the well-known Sir Jaimangal Singh Bahadur. and settled at Bardi in Rewah. From him the THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 81 ninth in descent is said to have built the temple of Baidyanath. and has a son and heir. on whom the title of Maharaja Bahadur was conferred for his eminent services during the Santal insurrection and the Mutiny of 1857. or trident of Siva. Raja Dalar Singh. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. married in 1885. the present Maharaja Bahadur. Educated in Sanskrit. fourteenth Raja. and the latter by his son. Persian.. is stated to have received a farmdn from the Emperor Shah Jahan in 1651. The family cognizance is a trisul. His ancestors had come from Mahoba in Bundelkhand. Sir Jaimangal Singh received the hereditary title of Maharaja Bahadur. Raja Gopal Singh was recognized by the British Government. also the privilege of exemption from attendance in Civil Courts.S. K. On January 1. Received a khilat from the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal on succeeding to the title. Residence : Gidhaur. Maharaja Shiva Prasad Singh Bahadur. He was succeeded by his son.I. 1877. and English. born in 1890.C. 1895. Hindi. was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 25.was Bir Vikram Singh. and he was the younger brother of the Raja of Bardi.

1884. GIRDHAR MAHADEV NAGARKAR. Maharaja. 1894. and belongs to a family settled in the Dinajpur district since the time of Akbar. 1872. Residence: Poona. Rao Bahadur. His daughter married Hari Ram Rai. A grandson of the latter by adoption. named Radha Nath. Bombay. The title is hereditary. Residence : Seohar. Bengal. named Srimanta Datta. 1875. was Raja of Dinajpur from 1677 to 1682 . was Raja from 1780 to 1801. was Zamindar of Dinajpur. who died in 1677. Raja Prannath. who adopted a young relative named Ram Nath. GIRIJA NATH RAI (of Dinajpur). Raja Jai Deb. January 4. who succeeded to the Raj. and was conferred on December 27. and was succeeded by his brother. at which time one of its ancestors. and died in 1760. GIRIAPA TIMAPA DESAI . b. GIRDHARLAL ULATRAM. at his accession he owned the greater part of . Bombay.Bengal. Kumar. The title is personal. Is the son of the late Maharani Sham Mohini of Dinajpur . The title was conferred on January 1. The title is personal. Rao Saheb. GIRIJA NANDAN SINGH. Residence: Ahmadabad. who had been Diwan to the Zamindar of Idrakpur. His son. and cousin of the Raja of Seohar. Is the eldest son of the late Raja Deo Mandan Singh. Bombay. The son of this marriage was Suka Deb Rai. from 1682 to 1723. and was conferred on May 24. Muzaffarpur. Heladi Naik Bahddu r Dtsai Nadugauda. Residence : Belgaum.

G0BUH). 1898. Bengal. Assam. Residence: Nalthoba. Simla. Residence: Dinajpur. Residence : Sylhet. Received the title on January 1. Residence: Saharanpur. b.Western Province*. The title is personal. Bengal. Rai Saheb. Residence: Saharanpur. 1856. 1856. 1898. The title of Maharani was formally conferred on that lady in 1875. husband of the late Maharani Sham Mohini. His grandson was the Raja Tarak Nath. Residence : Calcutta. The title was conferred on June 22. 1840 to 1865. Received the title on January 1. Maldah. Rai Bahadur. The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred on May 25. 1889. G . Rai Bahadur. for eminent public services. G0BIND JAS. Lala. and that of Raja on May 21. Residence : Transport Department. See also Govind. North-Western Provinces. JTorth. 1897.the three districts of Dinajpur. for her eminent benevolence during the great famine of 1873. GIRINDRA NATH MUKHARJI. and was conferred on May 24. 1895 . Red Bahadur. and Bogra. Raja. and adoptive father of the present Raja. for eminent public services. GHtlSH CHANDAR RAI. GIRISH CHANDAR RAI (of Rainagar). 1898. 1874. but after the Decennial Settlement the bulk of the estate was sold for arrears of revenue. G0BIND LAL. GHilSH CHANDAR DAS. b. and was conferred on April 2. Lala. The title is personal. Raja. Bengal.

GOBRA. Residence : Jaipur. GOBIND RAO NARAYAN. THAKTJR (of Chauma). and is the son of the late Raja Parachat. 1889. The title was conferred on June 22.Western Provinces. Rao Bahadur. 1896. Simla. who died on March 3. Residence : Allahabad. b. GOBIND SINGH (of Beona). Rdjd . GOBIND SAHAI. Thakurai (of Banka). Bengal. and was conferred on January 1. GOBIND PARSHAD SINGH. Punjab. Rai Saheb. The title is hereditary. Diwdn. Belongs to a Bundela Rajput family. 1872. . Residence : Gujranwala. after the defeat of the Bundelas by the combined forces of the Peshwa and Nawab Khan Bangash of Farrukhabad. North. The title is personal. November 29. 1878. The title is hereditary.82 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA GOBIND LAL. Rdjd of. 1897. North-Western Provinces. The title was conferred on May 20. Residence: Jalaun. Lala. GOBIND SINGH. Rao. Residence: Military Works Department. Rai Bahadur. The title is hereditary. and is stated by the family to have been obtained in the year 1746 from the Mahrattas. See Khet Singh. Residence : Palamau. Rajputana.

GOGAN. The title is hereditary. on account of his liberal contributions towards the erection of the Jabalpur Town Hall. North. The Raja had been created a Rao Saheb in 1867. GOGAN CHANDRA RAI. b. GOKAL NARAYAN. and Badri Narayan.*Gokul. Seth. a wealthy banker of Jabalpur. The Rai is also known by the name of Chotu Lai . Residence: Benares. Central Provinces. having been originally conferred by the Nawab Shujaud-daula Bahadur on an ancestor of the family named Lachmi Narayan. Granted the title of Rai Bahadur. Rdjd. who was Daroga of the palaces of the Begam. GOKUL. Rdjd. a gold medal was presented to him by the Government for his liberal help in fitting out the Madras Column.Western Provinces. Rai Bahadur. he has three sons — Babu Kesri Narayan. . GOKAL. alias Chotu Lai. North. See Gagan. GOKAL DAS. January 2. who rendered good services during the Mutiny in 1857. See Gokal. His father was Seth Kushal Chand. 1893. 1889. 1842.Western Provinces. Rai . Residence : Allahabad. See Gajapati. Mahabir Narayan. Khattri. &amp. for eminent services rendered in the Benares Opium Department.GODE NARAYAN GAJAPATI RAO. The title is personal. as a personal distinction. The Rai's father was the Rai Baldeo Narayan. Residence : Jabalpur. and was conferred on January 1.

Muralidhar Singha first settled in Khishma in the beginning of the 17 th century . translator of the Mahabharata. but has left a son and heir. whose ancestors are stated to have held the post of Accountant-General under the Nawab Nazims of Bengal. and it is stated that Raja Kali Prasanna Singha of Calcutta. Rai Bahadur. Belongs to a Kayastha family descended from Rai Lakshman Singha of Chaula. Residences: Dum-Dum. born 1881. Bankim Chandra Singha. 1825. Lala. Atul Chandra Singha. Zamindar of Ula in Nadiya District. Bengal. Oudh. Son of the late Babu Uma Charan Singhi. Residence: Faizabad. 1891. Rai Bahddur. His eldest son. born 1870 . ' Nadiya. The Rai Bahadur married a daughter of the late Babu Chandra Nath Mustafi. The title was conferred on June 22. Khishma. b. 1891. Rai Bahddur. Punjab. born 1875. in recognition thereof. Calcutta. Satis Chandra Singha. GOKUL CHAND. The Rai Bahadur has three sons — Anukul Chandra Singha. Has rendered good service in the Small Arms Ammunition Factory at Dum-Dum. Bengal.GOKUL CHAND. born 1865 . of Khishma. GOKUL CHANDRA SINGHI. The title was conferred on January 1. who was the Gushtipati or " Chief of the Clan " among the Maulik Kayasthas. Probodh Chandra Singha. 173 Cornwallis Street. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . Nadiya District. is a lineal descendant of this family. 1897. and received the title on January 1. Residence: Guj rat. near Calcutta . is deceased .

and aggrandized his possessions by conquest and statecraft. Succeeded by his son (3) Haloji.. is a Kumbhani.I.E. 1714-53. was both a warrior and a statesman. Succeeded by his son (4) Kumbhoji II.. Khan Bahddur.d. was only four years old when he succeeded his father. The title is personal. Raja. Succeeded by his son (2) Sagramji I. GONDAL. Succeeded to the gadi December 14. being a descendant of Kumbhoji I. . Bengal. founder of the Gondal dynasty . when on a visit to Bombay. Residence: Chittagong. The following is a brief summary of the history of this ruling family : (1) Kumbhoji I. 1877. Residence. Belongs to a Jareja Rajput (Hindu) family. Rai Bahadur. descended from the Nawanagar-Rajkot family .d. Succeeded by his grandson (5) Mulaji. . The.d. October 24. tracing its origin to the renowned Krishna. who died in 1899. Bengal. 1634-49 a. Manlavi. 1649-1714 a. 1869. 1753-90 a. and was especially . .83 GOLAK CHANDAR OHAUDHRI. GOND RAJA. and was conferred on January 1. See Earn Sha. was a most powerful chief . 1790-92 a.C. as a minor. A ruling chief.d. Basirhat.d. GOLAM QUASSIM. Thakur Saheb of. 1865. His Highness Thakur Saheb Sir Bhagwatsinghji Sagramji. Succeeded by his son (6) Dajibhai. 1897. 1792-1800 a.. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The title was conferred on June 22. who was a patron of letters. I. G.. founder of the Gondal dynasty.

" Nominated a Fellow of the . Succeeded by his son. Lord Reay.d. The last was a quiet and pious chief. in order to give the finishing touch to his education. 1814-21 a. (11) Bhanabhai. he undertook a voyage to Europe in 1883. though you have only been three years on the gadi.. Succeeded by his five sons one after another— (8) Nathuji. . . . in the company of Major (now Colonel) Hancock .d. . published an account of his tour under the title Journal of a Visit to England in 1883. was associated with Major (now Colonel) Nutt in the administrative business of his State. 1884. was pronounced by Government to be highly creditable to him. and his description of his duties as a ruler evinces a sound and clear judgment. (10) Chandra Sinhji. 1841-51 a. showing "good feeling and good taste. 185169 a. 1800-12 a. and assumed sole charge on August 24. 1821^1 a. Colonel West. the present Thakur Saheb. in the following words : "Thakur Saheb. His College career has been reported to be eminently successful. During his minority the State was at first administered direct by the British Government. I believe you have acted up to the pledges you then gave. both as regards the tone and the matter of it. He was educated at the Rajkot Rajkumar College and also at the Edinburgh University. 1812-14 a." Three years after his installation the Thakur Saheb was publicly complimented by the Governor.d. Succeeded by his uncle (7) t Devaji.d. a brave soldier and a wise ruler.fond of poetry. (12) Sagramji II. returned after six months . The reply made by him on the occasion of his installation to the address of the Political Agent.. but afterwards a Joint Administration was introduced.d. (9) Kanuji.d.

in which concerns he has invested about £500. in appreciation of his " exemplary quest of knowledge.D. and a Vice-President of the Deccan Education Society at Poona.Bombay University . Owing to the excellence of his administration 84 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA the British Government was pleased to raise Gondal from the rank of a second-class to that of a first-class State in Kathiawar.I. infirmary. Having been imbued with a love of science. rest-houses. and on that occasion was made a K. hospitals. to reside for a time at the Edinburgh University." conferred on him the honorary degree of LL.000. The same year he was requested to be a member of the deputation from the Kathiawar Chiefs that waited on Her Majesty the Queen Empress at the time of the celebration of Her Most Gracious Majesty's Jubilee. the territory has many macadamized roads. courts of justice. Takes a keen interest in the administrative business of the State. Returned to India in August 1887. In 1889 his wife — daughter of His Highness the Maharana of Dharampur— being taken very ill. municipalities.C. he again proceeded to Scotland in 1886. E. schools. and is a joint-proprietor of the " Bhaunagar-Gondal " and "GondalPorbandar " railways. post and telegraph offices. in 1887. Besides railways. the doctors advised her to go to England for a change. and His Highness was obliged to take her there . and other appliances of an improved administration. which.

heirapparent. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of . and received the title as a personal distinction on May 25." His Highness's sons are — Kumar Shri Bhojraj. Kumar Shri Bhupat Sinhje. meaning "Ready and True. born 1883 . 1896. Rai Bahadur. Her Majesty. and was conferred on January 1. The title was conferred on May 20. Residence: Bombay. has relieved his subjects of the burden of many obnoxious taxes. Residence: Gondal. Motto. is being educated in Edinburgh. . 1897. Residence: Calcutta. Rai Bahadur. born 1888 . GOPAL CHANDRA MUKHARJI. and remitted a vast amount of debt which his people owed him. Calcutta. Rao Bahadur. and personally invested with the Imperial Order of the Crown of India. 1892. 1889. is in England with his parents. His Highness was created ' a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Residence : Calcutta. — (Sanskrit) Sajy am cha Satyam. in return. have I voted him a statue by public sub| scription. GOPAL CHANDAR MUKHARJI. His subjects. Arms. in Devanagari character. Bombay. — A belt and sword with the word "Gondal" at the top. The title is personal. Has rendered good service as Chairman of the Kasipur-Chitpur Municipality. Her Highness was received by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. and on June 22.for the benefit of her health. Kathiawar. This is the first instance of a Rajput consort of a ruling chief ever venturing to overcome her caste prejudices. GOPAL BALWANTNENE. The Thakur Saheb has contributed numerous donations to deserving public institutions .

Bengal. having been originally conferred by the old Mahratta Government of Sagar. Rai Bahadur. Succeeded his father. 1859. Received the title on January 1. the late Maharaja Govind Lai Roy Bahadur. a Mahratta Brahman. . and received a political pension from the British Government on the cession. Central Provinces. The title is hereditary. b. Rai Bahadur. was an important Officer of that Government. Residence : Sagar.GOPAL DAS. Residence : Gwalior. Punjab. Mamlatdar of Narsinghpur. 1898. the Rao Lachhman Rao. on February 16. Rao. Residence: Bogra. and being a relative of the latter. 1895. The Rao's great-grandfather. GOPAL LAL ROY. GOPAL RAO (of Rehli). Mahdrdj Kumar. GOPAL DAS KUSALDAS. and was conferred on May 24. the late Rao Madho Rao. The title is hereditary. Bengal. in 1897. 1887. Residence : Lahore. Residence : Sagar. GOPAL HARI MULLICK. the Mussumat Parvati Bai. Rao and Potddr. Received the title on January 1. The title is personal. was made Mdmlatddr of Rehli. GOPAL RAO (of Sagar). who adopted the late Rao Madho Rao. Is the son of the late Rao Kishen Rao and descended from Govind Pandit. Residence : Tajhat. 1898. Received the title on the death of his father. b. See Gopaldas. Central India. Rangpur. 1884. GOPAL RAM. who came to Sagar with the Mahratta ruler from Puna. Rao Saheb. He was succeeded by his widow. Central Provinces. Rai Bahadur. and he was succeeded by his son.

Member of the Berhampur Municipal Council. Madras. Burma. having been originally conferred by the Peshwa. Rao Bahadur. 1887. 1856. P. Js Acting Judge of Cud- THE GOLDEN BOOK. OF INDIA 85 dapah . Residence: Ber- . The title is a personal one. Bombay. 1899. Received the title on January 2. 1887. b. Mahdmahopddhydya. GOPAL VISHWAS RAO. GOPALA CHARI. Is Minister of the Dhar State. Rao. and was conferred on February 16. Rao Bahadur. Residence : Gwalior. Chairman. Residence. 1843. Granted the title as a personal distinction in 1891 for his eminent municipal services. The title is hereditary. Pandit. The Rao Bahadur is known as the Raja of Malegaon. Sarukkai. Central India. 1884 . received the title on January 2. Rao Bahadur. in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. Residence: Cuddapah. GOPAL SINGHI. Rao Bahadur. 1899. GOP ALA CHARIYA KRADKAR. The Rao Bahadur's mother enjoys a pension from the Government. Central India. Biwdn Bahadur.GOPAL RAO SHIVDEO (of Malegaon).. Residence : Nasik. b. Residence: Dhar. 1894. The title was conferred on January 1. Bhamo. GOPALA. June 29.

1885. 1885. Is a son of Desai Surbhai Dayalji of Puni. Bombay Presidency. Madras. Rao Saheb. 1871. Succeeded . Northern Division. Bombay. Rao Bahadur . GOSAIN. Punjab. GOPALJI STJRBHAI DESAI. and of the Gujarat Vernacular Society. Thakur of. Appointed Fellow of the Bombay University. Rajkot . as a personal distinction.— A prefix. Ganjam. Rai. Thakur Punjabhai Ratansang. Residence : Firozpur. b. The title is personal. and with the settlement of the wording of the " Fashzamin " bonds entered into by the Kathiawar Chiefs. 1899. b. Is President of the Kathiawar General Library. GOPALDAS KHUSALDAS. Has received the thanks of Government for his services (in conjunction with his father) in bringing about the settlement of Wattans in Surat. Rao of. which extended from 1853 to 1892. a Life Member of the East India Association. GOTARDI. GOPI MAL. Residence: Bombay. June 24. and was conferred on May 31. for eminent public services in the Educational Service. Received the title on June 3. The title was conferred on January 13. 1859. Received the title of Rao Saheb in 1864. Residence : Surat. and the sanad conferring the title of Rao Bahadur in 1882 was delivered to him in full Durbar by the political agent at Bhaunagar. GOPALPURA. 1882. an important Zaminddr in that district. See Sheodarshan Singh. 1832.hampur. Educational Inspector. Surat. also in connection with archaeological researches in Kathiawar.

Lala.to a share of this State in 1893. See also Gobind. GOVIND RAMCHANDRA KHANDEKAR. Sardar Kushal Singh was the only one of the four who left any children. whose four sons. Ramgarh. Bombay. Gopal Singh. GOVARDHAN SINGH (of Ramgarh). Raja of Bilaspur (Kahlur). whose great ancestor was Raja Singar Chand. GOVIND GOPAL UCHGAONKAR. 1894. Rao Saheb. Residence: Gotardi.). Mahadeo. The title was conferred on May 26. tenth in descent from whom was Surat Singh. who holds the hereditary title of Sardar. was the grandfather of Mian Govardhan Singh. Residence : Ajmere.war. and his grandson. Punjab. for municipal services at Belgaum. with their retainers. 1898. GOVIND RANADE. Rai Bahadur. The State has an area of two square miles . Bombay GOVIND JAS. He built the fort at Ramgarh . Mian. The head of another branch of the same family is Sardar Ranjit Singh (q. Residence : Belgaum. Residence: Hardwar. and received Ramgarh as their share. His younger son was Kalal Chand. CLE. 1899. Descended from a Rajput family. Rewa Kantha. GOVIND. Rao Bahadur. Received the title on January 1. Residence: Ambala. The title is hereditary in this branch of the family. chiefly aboriginal (Kolis). aided the Raja of Nahan to conquer Such&amp. and other territories. .v. Rajputana. population 616. Received the title on January 2. North-Western Provinces.

GOVIND RAO (of Jaisinghnagar). 1887. Residence. Rao Bahadur. Central Provinces. Is VicePresident of the Saundatti Municipality. Rao. Bombay. GOVIND SAKARAM HOSUR. is descended from ancestors who were connected with the former rulers of Sagar . Rao Ganpat Rao (q. granted the title. Bombay. Berar. Bombay.v. Rao. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA GOVIND VENKOJI KHOT. on January 2. Rao Saheb.) and Rao Ram Chand Rao of Jaisinghnagar. Rao Saheb . and subsequently recognized by the Government of India. The title is personal. The Rao.). GOVIND RAO (of Rehli). named Rao Ganpat Rao. Residence: Rehli. having been originally conferred by the old Mahratta Government. and was conferred on January 1. like his kinsmen. GOVIND RAO RAMCHANDRA GARUD. Dhulia. b. and to one of them.See Mahadeo. Received the title on May 21. Mahdmahopddhydya. _ The title is hereditary. The title was conferred on January 1. Central Provinces. Belgauni. Sagar. The title is hereditary. Is a younger brother of Rao Gopal Rao of Rehli (q. GOVIND SASTRI. for eminent municipal services. Residence : Sagar.v. Residence : Saundatti. 1898. 1841. Residence : Amraoti. as a personal distinction. the pare/and of Jaisinghnagar was made over as its talukdar. 1893. .

The title is personal. Residence : Sagar. GUL HASAN KHAN. GUDA. Lala. Residence: Hyderabad. See Jai Singh. Rdjd of. GULAB SINGH (of Bina). and was conferred on January 1. Mir. Bombay. Rao Bahadur. Khan Bahadur: The title is personal. GULAB SINGH (of Meanoni). . See Fateh Singh. Rai Saheb. and was conferred on January 1. SeeQhxA&amp. Central Provinces. Sarddr of. The title is hereditary. Residence: Sanskrit College. Residence : Shikarpur. 1850. SeeGirish. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Rai Bahadur. Rao. GUR SAHAI MALL. GULAB SINGH. Residence: Surat. The title has been continued for life. Residence: Punjab. 1897. 1898. Central Provinces. Munshi. Residence: Lahore. Residence : Sagar. Rao Saheb. February 19. Received the title on June 22. Sind. GULER. GULAM. GUL HASAN KHAN walad WALI MUHAMMAD KHAN. 1890. b. Punjab.1899.1877.m. The title is hereditary. Sind. GRISH. Calcutta. GULAB DAS PARSHOTAMDAS. The title was conferred on May 21.

Andaman Islands. GURU CHAR AN DAS GUPTA. Umdat-ul»Umara. and was conferred on February 16. North-Western Provinces. Rai Bahadur. Fidwi-i-Hazrat-i-Malika-i-Muaz-zama i-Rafl-ud-Darja-i-Inglistan. C. A. 1892. Central India. Punjab. His Highness the Mahdrdjd Sindhia of . GURNAM SINGH.M. 1897.rul-Mulk. Residence : Jind. Is Assistant-Surgeon.D. G. Sarddr. The title is personal. Residence: Lahore. 1897. GURU PRASAD. The title is personal. 1877.I. and was conferred on January 1. MaharajAdhiraj Alijah Hisam-us*Saltanat Maharaja Sir Madho Rao Sindhia Bahadur Srinath Mansur-i-Zaman. 1886. A ruling chief. Residence . Saharanpur. The title is a personal one. and received the title of Sardar Bahadur on June 22. Is the head of the great Mahratta House of Sindhia. Residence: Port Blair. 1890.GURDIT SINGH (of Lahore). The Sardar is the Commandant of the Imperial Service Infantry of the Jind State. and was conferred on January 1. GURU. Sarddr Bahadur. 1887. Azim-ul-Iktidar Rafi-ushShan Wala Shikoh Muhtashaim-iDauran. Lala. Pandit (of Benares).— Often a mere prefix. Residence: Indore." Knight Grand Commander of the Most . Full title is — " His Highness Mukht&amp. GWALIOR. The title was conferred on June 22. Rai Bahddur. Mahdmahopddhydya. b. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor July 3.S. Punjab. in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. GURSARAN DAS.

the Treaty of Sarji Anjangaon in 1805. marrying the grand-daughter of Baiza Bai. won by Sir Arthur Wellesley (afterwards Duke of Wellington) in 1803. won by General Lord Lake. who rules over an area about equal to that of Holland. chiefly under French officers. His Highness. though nominally still a servant of the Peshwa. and subsequently a successful commander of the Peshwa's cavalry. The battles of Assaye. Mahadaji Sindhia.Exalted Order of the Star of India. He died in 1794. who was one of the greatest soldiers and cleverest statesmen ever produced by India. and the Pindari war in 1817 are important landmarks in the career of Daulat Rao Sindhia. to the care of the British Government. and in this way. whose reign of over thirty years is part of the history of India. On his death he commended his State and his younger widow. taught by that disaster. in 1804. is descended from the famous Ranoji Sindhia. who was at first regent of the . Daulat Rao Sindhia. Jhankuji Sindhia subsequently succeeded to the gadi by adoption. He greatly distinguished himself at the battle of Panipat in 1761. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA who became a member of the household of the Peshwa Balaji Rao. the son of a Dekhani pdtel. the famous Baiza Bai. and Saxony combined. he disciplined and strongly organized his army. and. and was succeeded by his grand-nephew. Ranoji Sindhia was succeeded by his second son. and over a population more numerous than that of Switzerland or of Greece. he became in 1764 really the ruler of Hindustan. Belgium. and of Laswari.

Family dissension. a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath.030. but including more than 160.000 Muhammadans. Sir Dinkar Rao. when an infant. extensive grants of additional territory. Madho Rao Sindhia Bahadur. numerous titles.743. He displayed great courage and loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857. His widow adopted a young scion of the Sindhia family. . The present Maharaja. The area of the State is 29.State. 12. and Jhankuji Sindhia died without issue in 1843. The Maharaja was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on May 25. Baiza Bai had to leave Gwalior in 3833. and a Companion of the Indian Empire. 1895. famous on so many battlefields. however. and became successively an Honorary General in the British Army. who succeeded under the title of Jaiaji Rao Sindhia. ensued . were compelled to flee to Agra. a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India. when his army revolted to the mutineers.046 square miles . was sheltered from the heat of the sun by the expanded hood of a cobra. and received many great and well-deserved honours during the rest of his long reign. He was restored and brought back to Gwalior by Sir Hugh Rose on June 19.000 aborigines of various tribes. is bhagwd. its population 3. and 167. the flag of that colour bearing on its field the representation of a serpent holding the sun and moon in its coils — referring to a legend that Ranoji Sindhia. succeeded as a minor in 1886. orange or brickred. chiefly Hindus. He maintains a military force of 5504 cavalry.000 Jains. The family colour. and an increase to his army . He obtained the right of adoption. and he himself and his Minister. 1858.

Rao Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. HAFIZ ABDULLA KHAN. Residence : HAJL— A prefix. Punjab. His Highness is entitled to a salute of 19 guns. 1897.11. Shaikh. Bombay. Sdrddr Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Peshawar. Thakur of. Nawdb. Khan Bahadur. Sayyid. and was conferred on May 24. See Sajan. Bombay. Residence : Sholapur. HABIB KHAN. HACHAEA0 AKBAT HARIHAR. Residence : Gwalior. f The title is personal. See Abdulla. HAJI SAJAN LAL.— Often a mere prefix. HAFIZ. See Harol. See Abdul Karini. Deshpande. HAD0L. HAIBATRAO MALHAR. Rao Bahadur. HAFIZ ABDUL KARIM. Central India. HAFIZ MUHAMMAD ABDUL (ABDUS) SAM AD. and 48 guns. HAIDAR SHAH. 1889. and within the limits of Gwalior territory to a salute of 21 guns. Residence : Belgaum. . The title was conferred on June 22. HAJI USMAN.040 infantry. See Usman. The title is personal. The title was conferred on June 3. See Abdul. 1893.

Rai Bahadur. HALERI. 1885. 1854. b. Khdn Saheb . Bahadur. and was conferred on June 1. 1895. Khdn Bahadur.88 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA HAKIM KHAN. Rdjd Bahadur of. . Malik. The title was conferred on May 8. Residence : Ghazipur. Coorg. HAMID All KHAN. HALARI SHAMANA. CLE (of Dera Ismail Khan. Punjab. Khdn Bahadur. h. &amp. Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Residence: Baluchistan. See Rampur. Residence: Mercara. 1877. Rdjd of. 1822. 1897. Subadar. Punjab). North-Western Provinces. and was conferred on May 18. Residence: Bannu. HAMAIL KHAN. HAKK NAWAZ KHAN. HALDI. The title is personal. HALDAUR. The title is personal. HAKK NAWAZ KHAN. Sikander Khel. 1888. See Thakur Parshad. See Maharaj Singh. Sarddr Bahadur. January 1. 1885. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Shahpur. Punjab. for distinguished service on the Baluch-Afghan Boundary Commission. Nawdb. Eeceived the title on January 1.*Halari.

HAMIR SINGH (of Pali). HAMID HUSAIN. 1887. 1896. Khdn Bahadur . Maulavi Sayyid. Is a Korkars Girassia Chief. but its origin is not known. See Muhammad Hamid-ulla. Maulavi. HAMIR SINGH (of Bayeri). Residence : Indore. Residence: Hoshangabad. Lalitpur.HAMID BAKHSH. Munshi. Khdn Bahadur. 1897. 1838. Seth. Sayyid Muhammad. The title is hereditary. HAMID-ULLA. b. 1898. 1823. Thakur Sawai^ Rai . . Central India. The title was conferred on October 5. Rao. Received the title on January 1. The title is hereditary. North-Western Provinces. His son and heir is Nirbhai Singh. b.Western Provinces and Oudh. Residence: Banpur. on the occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. b. North-Western Provinces. Has two sons — Thakur Umrao Singh and Thakur Sardar Singh. Central Provinces. Rai Bahadur. for which he received a khilat. Residence: Rampur. whose estates were confiscated after the Mutiny of 1857. HANMANT RAM RAMCHANDRA. Residence: Budaun. HAMID-UZ-ZAFAR KHAN. This Bundela Chief belongs to the family of the ex-Raja of Banpur. aged thirty-six years. Rendered assistance to the Magistrate of Harda during the Mutiny of 1857. 1847. Northwestern Provinces. Sliams-ul-Ulama. and was conferred on February 16. Residence : North. The title was conferred on January 1. Khdn Bahadur. The title is personal.

1841. is living. The State contains an area of 79 square miles. b. 1894. Is an Honorary Magistrate of Jabalpur district. Sagar. Lala.Western Provinces. Punjab. and the State under the management of the Mahi Kantha Agency. on August 24. HANUMAN SINGH (of Barwara). HAPA. Residence : Bareilly. 1895. Central Provinces. Central Provinces. Succeeded to the (jadi as a minor on the death of his father. The title is hereditary. Jabalpur. b.1897. North. Succeeded to the yadi August 4. Is at present a minor. Thakur of. 1889. Belongs to a Koli (Hindu) family. Received the title on January 1. Mahi Kantha. Thakur Wakhatsinghji. The title is personal. A ruling chief. HANUMANT SINGH (of Bilehra). and his widow. and was conferred on January 1. chiefly Hindus. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . Rai Bahadur. b. HAR NARAYAN. Residence: Jabalpur. Residence: Bilehra. Raja Nizam Shah. Pande. and a population of 1546. Thakur . Rai Saheb. having been originally conferred on his ancestors by the Gond Raja of Mandla. Residence: Bijeraghogarh.HANUMAN PARSHAD. HAR CHARAN. Rdjd . Residence : Hapa. Residence: Gugranwala. 1897. 1877. The late Thakur was named Madhusinghji. Central Provinces. and was conferred on June 22. the late Raja Khilawan Singh. the Thakurani Surajbai. The title is personal. 1895. Rai Bahadur. Bombay. Misr.

and was conferred on January 1. 1898. April 7. June 7. CLE. Rdjd of. Rdjd. 1877. HARAN CHANDRA MUKERJI. b. HARBALLABH NARAYAN SINGH. 1835. 1893. HARAHA. Residence : Gonda. HARBANS RAI (of Hatri). of whom the . The title was conferred on May 26. 1846. Has two sons. January 2. 1888. Bengal. 1894. The title was conferred on January 1. Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Oudh. and that of Maharaja on January 2. 1899. in 1494-95. Besidence : Bhagalpur. The family cognizance is a flag. The Maharaja had received the title of Raja in 1875 for eminent services rendered during the famine of 1873-74.89 HAR RATAN SINGH (of Majhgawan). 1848. Succeeded the late Raja on May 8. The title is personal. 1898. Besidence : Calcutta. Mahdmahopddhydya. The title is hereditary. Received the title on January 2. See Narendra Bahadur Singh. Rendered good service to Government during the Mutiny of 1857. Pandit. and is said to have been first conferred by a Muhammadan King. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Bai Saheb. Bdjd. b. (of Sonbarsa). bearing on it the figure of an elephant. HAKA PRASAD SASTRI. on the Raja Sahal Shah of Bakhtiyargarh. and had been granted the title of Raja Bahadur on January 1. Mahdrdjd Bahadur .

Punjab. and other Sardars of the Ambala division. Central Provinces. and took possession of the town of Jalandhar. Besidence : Damoh. Uttam Singh of Ghanauli. subsequently appointed President of the Council of Regency. were confirmed for life. and he received a sanad authorizing him to adopt an heir. The title is hereditary. but ultimately came under British control with the other Cis-Sutlej terri- . and on the annexation of the Punjab the jdgirs of himself and his cousin. created Raja of Sialkot. The founder of the family was Sardar Khushal Singh. the Raja Harbans Singh.d. they were subsequently wrested from the family by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. HARBANS SINGH. two-thirds of his jdgir was granted in perpetuity. 1847. 1846. In 1756 a. HARBANS SINGH (of Kandaula). Throughout the rebellion of 1848-49 the Raja Tej Singh remained faithful to the Government. who was Commander-in-Chief of the Sikhs in the first Sikh war. son of Jamadar Khushal Singh. the Raja being the brother and the adopted son of the famous Sardar Tej Singh. who now enjoys the title and estate. in 1862. Sardar. The title is hereditary. Bdjd . the Sardar belonging to the same family as those of the Sardars Tara Singh of Manauli. b. Besidence: Lahore. He died in December 1862. Raja Tej Singh rendered excellent service by raising horsemen during the Mutiny of 1857. who achieved conquests in the Manjha. he had large CisSutlej possessions. Sardar Bhagwan Singh. and on August 7.elder enjoys the title of Diwan — Diwan Kishori Singh and Bhan Partab Singh. having adopted his brother. and as a reward.

in June 1864. Sardar Dayal Singh. Granted the title. Sardar. Punjab. 1893. Besidence: Delhi. 1888. and was conferred on December 18.tories. as a personal distinction. Bai Bahadur. The title is hereditary. succeeded to the Kandaula estates. Bai Bahadur. January 2. Besidence: Bombay. Bao Saheb. Punjab. Roza. The title is hereditary . Besid- Ambala. the grandson of Sardar Khushal Singh. HARDIT SINGH (of Dayalgarh). and his grandson is the present Sardar. the brave and loyal Sardar Kahan Singh. See Hardhian Singh. Besidence : Kandaula. Sardar. Sardar Kahan Singh was the grandson of Tek Singh. The title is personal. For services during the Mutiny of 1857 the Sardars of this loyal family received large remissions from the Government. North-Western Pro- HARDHYAN SINGH. Ambala. HARDIT SINGH. HARDHIAN SINGH. HARDERAM ANUPRAM MUNSHI. who was in the 90 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . Is an Honorary Magistrate of Delhi. and Sardar Hardit Singh succeeded his father.

being again severely wounded in one of the rebel sallies. 1896. . Mandi. starting at once for Delhi with fiftythree of his retainers. served with his regiment in Kulu. See Narand Singh. was promoted to be Colonel. and. 1896. but was granted a peusion by the British Government. and was conferred on Januarj' 2. HABDOI. Rao Bahadur. and. Residence : Lahore. Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on May 20. Punjab. He fought on the Sikh side in the battles of Sobraon and Firuzshahr. 1888. Residence : Baroda. with large emoluments. and elsewhere. HARI CHAND. on the recommendation of General Ventura. Rai Bahddur. Rdjd of.service of the Bhangi Sardars of Lahore. including the re-grant of some of his old Sikh jdyirs. Residence : Multan. When the Mutiny broke out in 1857 he was one of the first chiefs selected for service by Sir John Lawrence. and received from them the grant of the village Nodhpur. Residence: Cuttack. Punjab. and being severely wounded in the attack on Raja Suchet Singh. HARI BALLABH BOSE (Basu). HARI APPAJI. he served with the Guides till the fall of the city. For these services he received substantial rewards from the Government. After the annexation Colonel Kahan Singh lost his jdgirs. was appointed Commandant in the Life Guards. The title was conferred on May 20. The title is personal. Kahan Singh entered the service of the Maharaja Ran jit Singh in 1822 .

HARI KRISHAN PANT. 1872. Assam. HARI CHAND (of Lahaiil) . Rdjd. 1857. . Datarpur. Residence : Ratnagiri. Received the title on January 1. and was conferred on October 3. Beni Chand.Residence : Bombay. The title is personal. being descended from Pahar Singh. Residence: Lahaul. 1877. b. son of Raja. and was succeeded by his son. in the time of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Rao Bahddur. and was conferred on January 1. a younger son of Raja Baz Bahadur . HARI RAJ SINGH (of Kashipur). Rai Saheb. Siba. The title is hereditary. Rai Bahddur. The Bai belongs to the same family as that of the Rajas of Kangra. HARI MOHAN SANDYAL. The title is personal. 1898. and was conferred on January 1.HARI CHAND (of Bhabaur). and his grandson. held a laxgejdgir in this district . being descended from Raja Pirthi Chand. 1894. etc. Jaswan. Bengal. Bombay. Oudh. Hoshiarpur. 1877. The title is hereditary. Punjab. HARI NARAYAN KALE. Residence : Cachar. HARI CHARAN SARMA. Rai Saheb. The title is personal. Rai Bahadur. died October 24. Residence: Nadiya. The title is hereditary. Kangra. Belongs to a family connected with that of the Chand Rajas of Kumaun. The Rai Karm Chand. Residence : Unao. Punjab. Thdkur. 1884. and was conferred on January 1. Goler. the present Rai. The title is personal. Rai. Rai Ratan Chand. Residence : Bhabaur. HARI CHAND YAJOJI.

Singh. Lai Singh. as recognized owner of the Tarai. and. grandson of Pahar Singh. with the aid of Faizullah Khan of Rampur. brother of Mohan Singh. was installed as Raja by Lai Singh. the Gurkhalis from Kathmandu invaded Kumaun and defeated the forces of Mahendra Singh. Hearing this. Mahendra Singh. Amar Singh Thapa. which of right belonged to the Nawab. son of Mohan Singh. on the death of the latter in prison in 1777. however. became Bakshi or head of the army. requested his aid in recovering it from the Gurkhalis. proclaimed himself Ra ja under the title of Mohan Chand. and fixed upon Kilpuri as his headquarters. who fled with his uncle. He eventually seized and imprisoned Raja Dip Chand. Mahendra Singh and his partisans. deprived of every acre that they could lay claim to. who claimed for him the protection of the Nawab of Oudh. the Gurkhali general. A war with Nepal would probably have . Raja of Kumaun from 1638 to 1678. In the time of Raja Dip Chand of Kumaun (1748-77). He himself was killed in 1788 by Harak Deb Toshi. marched on Kilpuri and thus deprived the Kumaunis of their only rallying-point. who again was driven out by Lai Singh. Mohan Singh. and represent- THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 81 ing that the tract from which the Gurkhalis had ousted them formed a part of the Tarai. fled to the Oudh Subahdar. where he endeavoured to enlist troops for an attack upon Kumaun. In 1790. to Kota.

. Tarai. and was conferred on January 2. The title was conferred on June 22. the present Raja. but his claim was dismissed.I. and was succeeded by his son. owing to bad management. Residence: Poona. Rao Bahadur. Bombay. He died in October 1886 . and was rendered so unhealthy that on the petition of the representatives of the family to the British Government. Partab Singh's claim to Bazpur was also negatived. this Pargana was reduced to a swamp. Residence: Madras. as Raja. received a sanad from the British Government in 1828. who married a daughter of Kupendra Bikram Singh of Nepal. but. HARI RAO. 1888. Raja Shiuraj Singh. it was exchanged for the confirmation of possession in taluqa Chachait in the Pilibhit district. Residence : Kashipur. Guman Singh. rendered good service during the Mutiny of 1857.resulted had not the good offices of Mr. by which the Gurkhalis agreed to yield up all pretensions to the low country. NorthWestern Provinces. Rao Bahadur. who gave him Rs. 1897. His son. Mahendra Singh retired first to Rudrapur and then to Kilpuri. C. HARI RAOJI CHIPLUNKAR. Lai Singh. son of Raja Lai Singh. 250 per mensem in 1820. son of Mahendra Singh. and was rewarded with the Order of the Star of India. The title is personal. He then petitioned the Government.S. The Raja is an Honorary Magistrate. Cherry promoted an understanding. and with an increased grant. for a share in Chachait. sued his uncle.. Sakharama. Kunwar Partab Singh. At the same time provision was made for the retention by the exiled family of some doubtful tenure of a portion of the Tarai for their subsistence. Lai Singh had held possession as head of the family and retained it. and has a son named Kunwar Udai Raj Singh.

1894. The title is hereditary. Gujranwala. Mian. 1887. Residence : Ludhiana. Central India. Punjab. Residence. Residence: Sambalpur. The Mian is a brother of Raja Amar Chand of Nadaun. Rai Bahadur. Kangra. Mahdmahvpddhydya. Js one of the Sikh Sardars of the Ludbiaua district. Residence. Residence: Punjab. HARI SINGH (of Akalgarh). . Sarddr. who died in 1873. The title was conferred on January 1. Punjab. Punjab. Central Provinces. The title was conferred on June 22. Indore. HARIHAR SHASTRI DRAVIDA. Punjab. HARI SINGH.HARI SINGH. Babu. The title is a personal one. Punjab. The title is hereditary. The Mian is an Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab. and was conferred on February 16. and a younger son of the Raja Sir Jodhbir Singh. Sarddr. The Sardar is one of the Sardars of the Gujrat district. for eminent services as an Inspector of Schools in the Punjab. Residence : Gujrat. Diwdn. Sarddr. HARIHARA SUBBARAYA AIYAR. HARIHAR SINGH. brother-in-law of the Maharaja Ran jit Singh of Lahore. HARI SINGH (of Nadaun) . It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. HARI SINGH (of Pindit Lala). 1897. The title is hereditary. The title is hereditary. in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. Punjab. Residence : Nadaun.

Bombay. K. The title is hereditary . The title was conferred on May 26. HARNAM SINGH. Surat. of Kapurthala. "Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. and other Sardars of the Ambala division.Avergal. Sir Ahluwalia. Rai Bahadur. G. Sarddr. see Harbans Singh (of Kandaula). Ambala.. Diwdn Bahadur. Residence: North.r belongs to the same family as those of the Sardars Tara Singh of Manauli.). The title is personal. b. 92 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA HARNAM CHANDAR.. Residence: Madura. 1885. and only brother of the late Raja Kharak Singh of Kapurthala. 1894.C. 1851. Received the title on January 2. Residence . 1897. the Sard&amp. and uncle of the present Raja of Kapurthala (q. Kunwdr . January 19. 1879. Residence : Kandaula.I. Madras. Sardar. HARINDAR SINGH (of Kandaula). For an account of the Kandaula branch of this family. The Sardar is a grandson of Sardar Dayal Singh of Kandaula.C. Uttam Singh of Ghanauli.Western Provinces. Rao Saheb. b. Punjab. and a Knight Commander on Janu- . HARILAL AMBASHANKAR. 1842.v. Seth.E. Is a son of his late Highness the Raja Sir Randhir Singh.S. and was conferred on January 1.I.

Punjab. b. Punjab. The title of Sardar is hereditary. secured some lands in Kharar. and was succeeded by his son. Succeeded the late Sardar Bur Singh. named Sardar Dharm Singh. but the eldest. of Mukerian. in 1892. b. Sarddr. and Ambala districts. Belongs to a Jat family. took possession of considerable territory in the Hoshiarpur. A ruling chief . Sardar Ganda Singh. Ambala district. Residence : Mukerian. He died at Patiala about the year 1876. Sarddr. About 1759 Sardar Salig Singh obtained possession of territory around Moron. Belongs to a Khatri family. The family fell under the power of the Maharaja Sher Singh . 1857. HARNAM SINGH (of Moron). Sarddr. but when the Jalandhar doab was ceded to the British after the first Sikh war. 1899. HARNAM SINGH (of Xharar).ary 1. The title is hereditary. His grandson. HAROL. 1861. in the Amritsar district. Residence: Ambala. His sons were deprived of much of their land by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. 1883. Residence: Kapurthala. the present Sardar. that came originally from Varpal. Sarddr Bahadur. Thdkur of. and received a khilat from the Government in acknowledgment thereof. Punjab. Sardar Dayal Singh. Firozpur. Residence: Jalandhar. HARNAM SINGH (of Mukerian). Succeeded . Thakur Jawansinghji. Punjab. b. rendered excellent services during the Mutiny of 1857. Hoshiarpur. whose ancestor. The title is hereditary. and is now enjoyed by Sardar Harnam Singh. a considerable jagiv was confirmed to the head of the family in perpetuity.

is hereditary. Belongs to a Thakerda (Hindu) family. chiefly Hindus. Mahi Kantha. was one of the most distinguished officers in the army throughout the Mutiny campaigns of 1857. amid universal expressions of regret. and 1859. Sarddr. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Residence : Sind. HARSA SINGH (of Mughal Chak). Alidn Bahadur. The title. The title is hereditary. and was honoured with the marked approval of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress and the Royal Family. The title is persona]. and was succeeded by the present Sardar. Mir. 1858. Muhammad. of Probyn's Horse. In 1876 he accompanied His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales to England. Its name is also spelt Hadol. and subsequently in the disturbances on the North-west frontier. was four times wounded. See Mu- . HASAN ALI walad MUHAMMAD AISAN. and had three horses wounded under him. Punjab. Sardar Anup Singh. He died in 1885. Residence : Karachi. 1888. He also fought with great distinction in the China campaign in 1860. Sind. HASAN ALI walad MUHAMMAD KHAN. Belongs to an ancient Sikh family. 1888. famous for the conspicuous bravery of its members. Bombay. and on many other great occasions .to the gadi March 22. He was present at the fall of Delhi. He twice received the Order of Yalour for bravery in the field. Gujiranwala. The State contains a population of nearly 3000. HASAN ALI. Residence: Mughal Chak. at the capture of Lucknow. Residence : Harol. and was conferred on June 1.

. Mirza.I. 1881. Nawdb. HASAN ALI KHAN. Maulavi Muhammad. Residence: Bombay. The title is hereditary. also President of the Karachi Madrasa Board. HASAN ALI MULLA HAKIMJI. President of the Sind Branch of the Central National Muhammadan Association. HASAN ALI BEY EFFENDI. See Murshidabad. See Muhammad. 1899. See Muhammad. . HASAN ALI KHAN. managing THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 93 the Karachi Muhammadan College. Khan Saheb. Khan Bahadur. . which has an endowment fund of about six lakhs of rupees.E. Residence : Baluchistan.C. His Highness.hammad. Received the title on June 3. The Nawab was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on February 5. CLE. HASAN ALI KHAN BAHADUR. Mir Muhammad. Bombay. HASAN AZAD. Residence : Karachi. Nawab Sir. CLE. Is a leading member of the Karachi Bar. 1884 . Mahabat Jang. and was in 1886 appointed Consul for Turkey by His Imperial Majesty the Sultan. K.

Rao. July 19. See Hasan Ali.HASAN BAKHSH. Maulavi. MahdrdjKumdr of. 1892. Residence : Nimar. Raja. Rdjd of. HASAN KHAN. b. See Ran jit Singh. HASANALI. Maharaja-Kumar Guru Mahadeo Laran Prasad Sahi." and in the eighty-seventh to " Sahi. and is said to have been originally conferred by Gori Shah Padishah. Sayyid. The patronymic of the earlier Rajas was u Sen " . Raja of. The title was conferred on May 21. b. 1844. The family is descended from Prithi Singh. HASAN RAZA SAHEB. Belongs to a Baghochhia Brahman family." in the eighty-third to " Mai." . The title is hereditary. The title was conferred on May 25. Residence : Madras. Khan Saheb. HATRI. who was eleventh in descent from the famous Bhoj Raj. 1898. HATI SINGH (of Chandgarh). this in the sixteenth descent was changed to " Singh. Sayyid. Sardar Bahadur. HASAN KHAN. See Harbans Rai. See Mehdi Ali Khan. See Sayyid. that claims to have been settled as Rajas in the district of Saran for 102 generations. Muhammad. HATWA. Muhammad. Punjab. Muhammad. September 5. 1893. See Muhammad. HASANPUR. Shams-ul-Ulama. Khan Bahadur. See Muhammad. Rdjd of. Residence : Gujranwala. Mir. HATNAPUR. HASHIM KHAN. Central Provinces.

when the Decennial Settlement was in contemplation. Bassant Sahi's son. he was succeeded by the second son. and his widow ascended the funeral pyre. and that of Maharaja Bahadur on the eightyseventh.The traditions of the family state that the title of Maharaja was conferred on the eighty-sixth in this hue. the Maharaja Kalyan Mai. in the time of "Warren Hastings. followed in his father's footsteps. who was a rebel against the British Government in 1767. the Maharaja Isham Karan Sahi Bahadur. probably one of those Muhammadan Chiefs who had rebelled against the Imperial authority in Southern Behar. Babu — afterwards Maharaja — Chhatardhari Sahi. In the time of Akbar it is said that the Maharaja Jubraj Sahi Bahadur obtained possession of Pargana Sipa by killing the Muhammad Chief Kabul Muhammad. Four generations later the Maharaja Sardar Sahi invaded the Majauli Raj. and ultimately fled to the Gorakhpur jungles. the Maharaja Fateh Sahi Bahadur. Babu Bassant Sahi. and doing all in his power to arrest Fateh Sahi. and was burnt with her husband's head on her lap. both by the Emperor of Delhi. In 1790. His cousin. Babu Mahes Datt Sahi. displayed his loyalty byassisting the Government with his retainers. Lord Cornwallis. The eldest son of the Maharaja Sardar Sahi died before his father . and imposed as terms of peace on the Chief of Majauli the condition that he and his descendants were not to display their nishans and dunkas (flags and drums) till these should be retaken from the Hasipur (or Hatwa) Rajas. and destroyed their garh or fort. leaving a son. and the Government was about to proclaim him the rightful successor of the rebel Fateh Sahi when he died. But in 1775 he was surprised by the rebel and killed. after inquiring into all the facts and the .

and was succeeded by the present Maharaj . and by the sanad of August 31. He died in 1896. 1874. and was rewarded at the close of the Mutiny with the grant of a portion of the confiscated estates of the rebel Kunwar Singh. the Maharaja Rajendra Partab Sahi Bahadur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. He was succeeded by his great-grandson. in favour of the late Maharaja Bahadur.&lt. The latter attained his majority and was installed on the gadi on August 31. who died in 1871. The family cognizance consists of a shield between two swords.Kumar. and again during the Mutiny of 1857. 1874.usages of the family. with tigers as supporters. leaving a minor son. He received a medal of distinction at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877. granted to the latter the estates of Fateh Sahi . the late Maharaja Sir Krishna Partab Sahi. and in 1837 the title of Maharaja Bahadur was conferred upon him.JTn " . the Maharaja Chhatardhari Sahi Bahadur rendered most valuable services to the Government. This title was renewed in October 1858 in favour of the Maharajd Rajendar Partab 94 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Sahi. At the time of the Santal insurrection. and underneath is the motto — V*nF!'WTs-l&lt. and in 1889 he was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.

Rdjd of. 1867. Bengal. which is hereditary. Residence : Dera Ismail Khan. Rai Saheb. Rai Bahadur. Subahdar. The title was conferred on January 1. Khan. Is Commandant of a Mountain Battery in the Imperial Service Troops. Muhammad. the late Rao Umrao Singh Bahadur. having been originally conferred by Prithiraj. The title was conferred on January 21. Saran. HAYAT KHAN.S. 1893. Bengal. Residence : Rewa. Succeeded his father. last Hindu Emperor of . Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. HAZARI LAL. Punjab HET RAM. on January 1.I. Central India. 1898. HETAMPUR.y Naicdb. CLE. Rao Bahadur: b. The title. Gosain. HEM CHANDRA SARKAR. Rai BaMdur. HET NAND LAL.Residence : Hatwa. is of ancient origin. Residence: Ajmer. Pandit. in 1889. HIMANCHAL SINGH (of Barhpura). 1880. Residence: Monirampur. Rai Saheb. The title is personal. February 20. HAZURA SINGH.Western Provinces. C. HILL TIPPERAH. Residence : Kashmir. 1884. Rdjd of. Created a CLE. HAZARA SINGH. See Muhammad. and was conferred on March 25. Rajputana. 1894. See Ram Ranjan Chakravartti. 1896. North. See Tipperah. Is an Honorary Magistrate. The title was conferred on June 3. Residence Bareilly.

HINDOL. HINDUPAT (of Ghat Piparia). The State is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. The title is hereditary. Orissa. is stated to be twenty-fifth in succession from them. 1877. chiefly Hindus. Central Provinces. Residence: Hindol. Jabalpur. Rao Bahadur. Thdkur.Delhi. The title of Raja has always been enjoyed by the head of this family since Mahratta times. Thdkur. 1893. The Raja. The title is hereditary. is of ancient origin. scions of the family of the Khemdi Raja in Ganjam. Succeeded to the qadi July 18. Raja Fakir Singh Mardraj Jagdeb. Thdkur of. Rdjd of. b. Raja Janardan Mardraj Jagder. See Sita Prasad. HIMANCHAL SINGH (of Kuarpur). The present Thakur is the son of the late Thakur . The State was founded by two brothers named Lakshman Mahratta and Bharat Mahratta. who succeeded his brother. Residence : Etawah. its population 33. HIMMATLAL DHIRAJIRAM.802. His father was Raja Ishwar Singh Mardraj Jagdeb. HIMMODH. and was formally recognized by Government in 1874. Bengal. The title was conferred on June 3. The present Raja. Bombay. NorthWestern Provinces. Residence: Jabalpur. A ruling chief . The area of the State is 312 miles. Residence: Katra Balkhera. The title. Central Provinces. maintains a military force of 148 infantry and 2 guns. HIMMAT SINGH (of Katra Balkhera). 1885. which is hereditary. Thdkur. The family cognizance is a dagger. Residence : Ahmadabad.

Rawat (of Dewair). and the present Raja is twentyfifth in succession from him. 1877. Subsequently. HINDUR (NALAGARH). from the old Mahratta THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 95 Government of Sagar. The family is descended from ancestors who obtained the village of Ghat Piparia. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family.Orjuri Singh. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence: Merwara. Raja Isri Singh. HIRA SAHEB LAL RAMANAJ PAR- . The area of the State is 249 square miles | its population is 53. Punjab.373. whose founder was named Aji Singh. for which the Thdkuri of Barauli was substituted. the fort was restored to him. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Central Provinces. Sagar. Succeeded to the gadi December 16. 1876. Residence : Hindur. The Raja maintains a military force of 375 infantry and 4 guns. b. but they were expelled by the British forces in 1815-16. Rdjd of. HIRA. A ruling chief. chiefly Hindus. with the title of Thdkur. The State was overrun by the Gurkhas. Residence: Ghat Piparia. in 1846. and in that year the Raja received a sanad confirming him in the possession of all his territory except the fort of Malaun. Thdkur Rdwat. 1832. as a personal distinction. but including 7201 Muhammadans.

Ahluwalia. . Bombay. in which he was severely wounded when fighting gallantly under Major Nicholson against the rebels in the Margalla Pass. Sarddr. Received the title on January 1. and after its close was sent with the Sher Singh brigade to assist the Maharajd Gulab Singh to subdue the rebellion in Kashmir. On the annexation he was rewarded with extensive lands. Rajputana. The Colonel rendered excellent service in this campaign. and also throughout the Multan rebellion (or second Sikh war). Sarddr Bahadur . HIRA SINGH. Residence: Survey of India. See Lai. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Colonel Budh Singh. b. and was conferred on February 16.I.SAD SINGH. Belongs to a Man Jat family. Rai BaMdur. Received the title on May 21. whose grandson. The title is personal. Man. Received the title of Sardar on May 25. descended from Sardar Sar ja Singh. Residence : Sind. March 3. On his death he was succeeded by his son. Residence : Bikaner. HIRANAND KHEMSINGH. Man (of Manawala). HIRA SINGH. Rajputana. 1887. 1898. Punjab. 1847. for eminent official services in the Survey. 1896. the present Sarddr.E. Residence: Amritsar. HIRA SINGH. served throughout the Sutlej campaign. C. Residence: Ajmer. Rai Saheb. The title is hereditary. Rao Bahadur. aud was promoted to be Sardar Bahadur on January 1. HIRA SINGH. 1898. 1892.

having entered the service in 1859. 1842. b. with medal. Raja of. 1881. The title was conferred on January 1. Thdkur of. Rao of.. 1891. See Rdmnad. In the same year he received a jdgir. Has long been a distinguished political officer on the frontier of Baluchistan and Afghanistan. Residence : Hirapur. succeeded to the gadi on May 1.HIRANYAGARBHAYAJI RAVIKULA MUTHUVIJAYA RAGUNATHA BHASKARA (Zamindar of Ramnad). Appointed Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab in 1879 . Received the title of Rai Bahadur as a personal distinction on April 20. Rao Chhatar Singh. Central India. and in 1882 was created a Companion of the Most 96 . HIRAPUR. See Nihal Singh. HISSAM-UD-DIN. A ruling chief . and was placed in charge of Sibi district. and received a khilat in 1877 for his services thereon. Shaikh. Rai Bahadur. Rdjd and Setupati. HITTTJ RAM. accompanied Sir Robert Sandeman on two missions to Kalat. 1821 . HIRAPUR. Khan Bahadur. 1841. when he received a reward for preparing a " History of Dera Ghazi Khan District and Frontier. Bhopal. having served in the Political Department throughout the Afghan war of 1880-1. Hyderabad." Appointed to special duty for Kalat in 1875 . The population of the State is 963. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. also the title of Rai. CLE. Residence: Secunderabad. b. chiefly Hindus. and in same year received a khilat at the Kalat Darbar.

Was on special duty in the Bolan Pass. Residence : Northern Shan States. pending installation of successor . and received the thanks of Government for the same.. 1897. The title is personal.S. and means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour. HKUN SAN TON HON. Shan States. etc. The title was conferred on May 21. Is Heng of Kokang in North Hsen Wi in the Northern Shan States. and was conferred June 22. 1884.M. Baluchistan.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. It is indicated by the letters K. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. CLE. for the Afghan Boundary Commission. Was in charge of arrangements for supplies. Deputed to hold charge of Las Bela State on the death of the Jam in 1889. and was on special duty with Sir R. Burma. across the Baluch Desert .M. It means " Recipient of . HKUN LAI (Sawbwa of Lai Hka). HKUN SAING.T. Is Sawbwa of North Hsen Wi in the Northern Shan States. March 1884 to November 1885. See Hsi Paw. Burma. Sandeman in 1889-91. in the military preparations for the expected outbreak of hostilities between England and Russia." and is indicated by the letters A. It means "Recipient of the Medal of Honour for Good Service. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Sahoe ya Min. The title was conferred on June 22." Residence : Lai Hka. and specially commended. 1898. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Residence: Sibi. 1897. after the name. HKUN LU KWAN. after the name.

HOPON. The title is personal. Maung (Shwedabo of Baw). See Indore. Residence : Northern Shan States.M. Khan Bahadur. Burma. This Burmese title is indicated by the letters A. Residence: Hopon. HOLKAB. Residence: Surat.the Gold Chain of Honour. is about 400 square miles. and was conferred on January 1.T. The area of the State. after the name. His Highness the Maharaja Bahadur {of Indore). Maung.D. Residence : Prome. Dastur. Burma. Burma. Khan Bahadur. the first was conferred .T. Kun Wara.M. HMU. Myoza of. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. 1888. Shams-ul-Ulama. which is one of the Shan States on the frontier of Burma. HORMASJI ADARJI PATEL. and was conferred on January 1. Burma. 1894.S. It means "Recipient of the Medal of Honour for Good Service. after the name. The title is personal. The title is personal. Residence : Shan State of Baw. after the name. and was conferred on June 1.M. Burma." and is indicated by the letters K. 1888. Bombay.M. HLAING. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min." and is indicated by the letters A." and is indicated by the letters T. Maung. HMAT. HOSHANGJI JAMASPJI. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Residence : Mogok. 1894. after the name. A ruling chief. The title is personal. These titles are personal . It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. and was conferred on June 1.

Residence: Narsinghpur. Hkun Saing. Bombay.on January 1. the Dastur Nasarwanji Jamaspji. The Raj&amp. 1878. The Sawbwa was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. which is one of the Northern Shan States on the frontier of Burma. The title is hereditary. HSENWI. 1859. The Dastur Jamaspassa family are descended from Assaji. . for loyalty and good service. is about 4000 square miles.Rq/a. Khan Bahadur. The last Dastur of that family. HUKM SINGH (of Gangwai). Chief of. The area of the State. S'ee Saw Naw Maing . and the second on January 1. Burma. A ruling chief. Residence: Hsi Paw. Central Provinces.TJlama entitles the Khan Bahadur — who is also a " Dastur. The title of Shams-ul-Ulama was conferred on Dastur Hoshangji Jamaspji in recognition of his eminence in oriental learning. 1890. 1895.. on July 1. Sawbwa of. See Hacharao. rendered valuable services to Government during the time of the Mutiny. succeeded THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 97 to it on September 19. CLE. Residence : Poona." or High Priest of the Parsis of the Deccan — to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. and received the title of Khan Bahadur as a reward for them in 1868. see also Hkun San Ton Hon. The title of Shamsul. HSI PAW. HUCHRA0. .

See Muhammad. Khan Bahadur. Rai Bahadur and Diwdn Bahadur. HUSSAN. Rajputana. HUSAIN KHAN. 1898. Residence : Hunza. Sarddr Bahddur. See Hasan. death of his father. and the second on January 1. A ruling chief. G. and the Premier Prince of the Indian Empire .HUKM SINGH. The title was conferred on June 22. The title has been continued for life. Subadar Muhammad. b. The title was conferred on January 1. His Highness the Nizam of. 1896. HUTWA. See Muhammad. Khan Bahddur. Sodhi (of Firozpur). 1897. HUSAIN KHAN. Mir. See Muhammad. HUMAYUN BEG. August 18. his late Highness the Nizam Afzul-ud- . Residence: North-Western Frontier. HURDAOLAL MUGATLAL MUNSHI. on the. Rao Saheb. 1893.C. Residence: Shikarpur. The first title was conferred oh January 3. Succeeded to the masnad as a minor. Khan Bahddur. Is "Wazir of Hunza. Punjab. HUSAIN ALI KHAN walad ALADITTA KHAN. The title was conferred on May 20.I. HUSAIN ALI KHAN. See Hatwa. Residence: Bikanir. Residence : Bombay. The Deccan). Muhammad. Khan Bahddur. HYDERABAD (or. 1896. Muhammad. 1866. HUSAIN KHAN. Arbab.S. Kashmir. Sind.

the real founder of the Hyderabad dynasty. and throughout this lengthened career. Nizam-ul-Mulk. Nawab Mir Sir Mahbub Ali Khan Bahadur. who was the hero of the capture of Bijapur in 1686 a. has been almost uniformly closely attached 1 Kulij or Qidij — sometimes spelt Chillich — . The dynasty.d. the successor of the Prophet. 1869. Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. February 26. The Nizam's full titles are — His Highness Asaf Jah. Nizam-ud-daula. after a long line of intervening generations. being lineally descended from the first Khalif. was the Turkoman Chief named Ghazi-ud-din. Belongs to a family of the highest antiquity and importance among Muhammadan rulers. and in the establishment of the Mughal power in the Deccan. thus established as the greatest native Power in the Indian Peninsula. he was largely concerned in the overthrow both of that kingdom and of the Golkonda dynasty. which then became a subah (or province) of the Mughal Empire of Delhi. His son and successor was Chin Kulij Khan. He was born in 1644 . which has ever since been retained by his descendants.daula. . and in 1713 was appointed Subahddr or Viceroy of the Deccan by the Emperor Farukh Siyar. Rustam-i-Dauran. with the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk (Administrator of the Country). he continually increased his power during the days of the declining vigour of the Mughal Empire. His descendant. Abu Bakr. one of the greatest of the Generals of the Emperor Aurangzeb. He reigned till 1748 &gt. Arastu-i-Zaman. Muzaffar-ul-Mamalik. attaining the great age of 104. 1 better known as the great Asaf Jah. Fath Jang. with occasional vicissitudes of fortune.

elder brother of the Empress Nur Jahan. occurs so often in later Indian history. During the reign of Shahjahan. subsequently borne by the Nawab Chin Kulij Khan and his descendants. to avoid confusion. . . and this title was conferred on Asaf-ud-daula Jumlat-ul-Mulk Asad Jang. Asaf Khan was changed to Asafud-daula. During the reign of Akbar three grandees received this title. and are still conferred by His Highness the Nizam. as a title. like that of his father. and father of the Empress Mumtaz Mahal (or Taj Bibi. and Umara or Jah. . whose mother was a daughter of Asaf Khan II. a relation of Asaf Khan IV. Under Ahmad Shah. Shahjahan's wife). who like his master is proverbial in the East for wisdom. the learned Professor Blochmann gives this note : "Asaf was the name of the Vazir of Solomon. and III. Dauld." As the ancient titles of the Mughal Empire are retained among the nobles of the Deccan. Badaoni.. whose name. and has consequently obtained from English writers the style of "Our faithful ally the Nizam.) on Abul Hasan. when titles containing the word Dauld were revived. and those containing Jang with Barons.is the Turki word for swwrd : and Kulij Khan. Jahangir conferred the title of Asaf Khan (IV. On the title of Asaf Jah. II. those containing Dauld vrith Viscounts ." At all the most critical periods in the history of the Indian Empire — in the Mysore wars. we find Asaf-ud-daula Amir-ulMamalik. Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah. Titles containing the words Jah or Umara may be compared with English Dukes or Marquesses. .. those containing Mulk with English Earls. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA to the British Power in India. bears the same meaning as the Persian Shamsher Khan. numbers them Asaf Khan I. lastly. Mulk. it may here be noted that in ascending order they contain the words Jang.

Nasir Jang. however. in a practical surrender of the Deccan to his rule.in the Mahratta wars. the founder of the dynasty. whose span is said to have exceeded a century. and his sons (uncles of Muzaffar Jang). and recently when Russian invasion seemed probable — the Nizam of the day has always rendered invaluable help. appears to have been merely due to his essential importance as the only available check to the growing power and harassing incursions of the Mahrattas — a constant source of disturbance and alarm to his titular master." i After the death of the aged Nizam-ulMulk the throne of the Deccan was long and fiercely contended for. It was the Nizam . known as Ghazi-ud-din. with actual sovereignty. he never assumed its title and insignia. and the armies of the Mahrattas and of the Nawabs of Arcot. an example of equanimity undaunted in adversity and superior to elation by success. Of Asaf Jah. Involved in these wars were also the English and French forces in the Carnatic. The immunity enjoyed by Nizam-ool-Moolk. The family. when death closed in 1748 a career remarkable and prominent in a stirring and productive time. The evening of his eventful life. indeed. and the later annals of the family are similarly clear of the grosser incidents of conquests. during the Mutiny of 1857. in his so strangely gained principality. Impartial estimates of his character can hardly begrudge his descendants a pride in the founder of their name and renown. He left them. and the Nizam's successors continued to be formally confirmed by mandates from the Mogul Emperors. by his grandson Muzaffar Jang. an English writer thus speaks : — " Content. too. to the last professed subordination to the Court of Delhi. for his politic compass and tenacious hold of independent power were unstained by treachery or cruelty. was spent by the first Nizam with singular retention of extraordinary physical and mental faculties. and Nizam Ali. with varying fortunes. Salabat Jang.

to succeed him in the office of Minister. and similarly after the conquest of Tippu the Nizam shared in the division of territory. In 1829 Sikandar Jah was succeeded by his son. and it had been founded in 1585 1 Quoted in the learned and voluminous History of Hyderabad Affairs. who died in 1853. Mir Alam. the Nawab Suraj-ul-Mulk. Nasir-ud-daula is described as having " a gracious disposition to private charity. In 1761 Salabat Jang was dethroned by his brother Nizam Ali. after the defeats of the Mahrattas at Laswari and Assaye. Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk. and the Raja Chandu LAI. the well-known Sir Salar Jang. Haidar and Tippu. the Nizam received large accessions of territory. who was served in turn by three famous Prime Ministers. and was succeeded by his son. Munir-ul-Mulk. when the Nizam appointed his nephew. as his capital . Secretary to the Government of His Highness the Nizam. Nizam Ali died in 1803. who reigned till 1857. and reigned till 1803 — playing a prominent part during the whole of that period in the incessant wars with the English. In accordance with these engagements. The first treaty between the British Power and the Nizam was concluded in 1766. who put him to death in 1763. by Muhammad Kutb Shah. the Nizam Sikandar Jah. followed by great and permanent treaties in 1798 and 1800. including the great and rich province of Berar . He had no great liking for affairs of State. which he left largely to the care of his Prime Minister. on the river Musi. . King of Golkonda. the Nizam Nasir-ud-daula. its ancient name was Bhagnagar. the Mahrattas. compiled for private circulation in 1883 by the Maulavi Sayyid Mehdi Ali.Salabat Jang who finally adopted the city of Hyderabad. and the Sultans of Mysore.

aided the movement. but in all Central." He died in May 1857. the military station. untried as he then was. . not only there. or even openly avowed sympathy with the mutineers. and that our terrible straits elsewhere THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 99 would have been multiplied and sorely aggravated. . But the Nizam was firm in his alliance. on the 17th of July in that memorable year. The loyalty of the late Nizam and his troops during the crisis ®f 1857 has been well commemorated by an English writer in the following words : — " When. attracting to our side all that was respectable in his Court and capital. The traditions of the . For we had at the time but one European corps at Secunderabad. Western. and was succeeded by his late Highness the Nizam Afzul-ud-daula. had the Nizam. about two miles from the central arsenal. and Southern India. just before the outbreak of the Mutiny.and with much bountiful kindness to his dependants. . which must have been left in the charge of native soldiers if attacked from the capital. father of the present Nizam. after a frantic promulgation of Jihad or Holy War on the part of the indigenous Muhammadans of both Southern and Northern India. and were repulsed by troops under the command of the late Colonel Briggs. and camped at Trimulgherry. there can be no doubt that any success at Hyderabad would have proved a signal for revolt to the bigoted and fanatic Muhammadan population. the Rohillas attacked the Residency.

after a signal victory obtained over the rebels at that place. and finding that the enemy. and captured both battery and stores. had made away with the Mehidpoor battery and arsenal stores. i. From these came emissaries. they bathed in the holy river at Calpee. consisting of the Mehidpoor contingent and the escaped garrison of Dhar. with letters and personal entreaties to join. were with us. are thousands of the same caste as those whose relatives elsewhere were murdering their officers. The greater portion of the contingent was presently ordered into the field. With only eighteen hours' warning. after fighting their way inch by inch. with bravery and endurance unsurpassed by any corps in the Service. when they formed a part of Sir John Malcolm's army in 1817. they immediately. after despatching Mrs. "And now for the behaviour of the Hyderabad contingent. cutting up a large number of mutineers.family also. these troops took the field. from the enemy. rattled off in pursuit. until. which a week later would assuredly hive been in position and used against us when the great . and not inefficacious in our hour of need. leaving their own fertile plain of the Deccan behind them. not only to their brethren of the contingent. the seat of former triumph to the contingent. where they fought. in time to rescue an English lady . and a brigade of all arms was pushed into Central India. the enemy having got several hours' start of them. and old memories of rescue from the Mahrattas. receiving their orders at seven in the morning. they arrived. after a forced march of sixty miles. charged. and starting at midnight of the same day. and were absent from their homes for fifteen months. under Sir Hugh Rose. Timmins to the camp of the Bombay column. recollect. e. and severing at a blow. In this force. Instancing a few of their exploits. about twelve miles distant from Mehidpoor. They overtook the rascals late in the afternoon. but to the Court itself. remaining the whole of that time under canvas. or marching towards the Mogul standard at Delhi. I may mention that at Mehidpoor. most important means of offence and defence.

beyond noticing the fact of their rapid journeys in advance of the main columns they accompanied. We also remitted the entire debt.000 were made to His Highness. Presents to the value of £10. The troops. In 1885 he offered to send troops to aid the Government in Egypt .' With the restoration of peace came full time for recognizing the Nizam's fidelity and active aid. which lasted throughout four days. It is not my intention to trace here the further exploits of the Hyderabad contingent troops.S. that His High- . But it was in 1887. and has demonstrated his attachment to the Empire in even more striking fashion. died in 1869.I. he repeated the generous offer. and in the same year. The territory transferred in '53 to our management was now yielding more than the requisite revenue. This acquisition affords an annual surplus of £15. under which. whose Rajah had been seduced into the rebellion of the Southern Mahratta country. was fought at Mundessoor..C. especially the native portion." The Nizam Afzul-ud-daula. and the Star of India was conferred on him. lived almost entirely on parched grain collected from the fields in the neighbourhood. in 1860. when there was a menace of Russian aggression on the Afghan frontier.battle. and was succeeded by his son. together with a transfer of the principality of Shorapoor. and immediately submitted to the process of hand manipulation over the fire. I need not dwell. districts of the value of 13 lacs were restored to the Nizam. accompanied often by the infantry and artillery. who has followed all the best traditions of his ancestors. and a new arrangement was accordingly proposed. G. Sir Hugh Rose termed these troops 'the wings of my army. the present Nizam. returning only to headquarters when a general action was to be fought.000. On the thousands of miles marched by the cavalry of this force. in the year of the Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty's reign.

This is my offer in time of peace. At ft later 100 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA stage you can count upon my sword.ness gave the most signal proof of his princely loyalty. All who have the welfare of India at heart are bound to consider what should be done. and to the burden it imposes on those charged with its safety and the care of the Empire. The Princes of India have not been blind to the movement of events. It seems to me that the time has arrived for showing in some open manner that India is united on this question. — No inhabitant can be indifferent to the persistent advance of another great military power towards India. and to show they are heartily in sympathy with those who are endeavouring to place the frontier in a proper state of defence. In August of that year His Highness wrote the following most remarkable and patriotic letter to the Viceroy of India . to the necessity that exists for putting the frontier in a proper state of defence . and for that reason I write now to spontaneously offer to the Imperial Government a contribution from the Hyderabad State of twenty lakhs annually for three years. so as to ward off all danger from our hearths and homes. We realize the financial responsibility the present state of affairs imposes on the Indian Exchequer. August 26.~Your sincere friend. for the exclusive purpose of Indian frontier defence. "My Friend. " Mir Mahbub Ali Khan." The effect of this letter on public opinion throughout the world was very . — "Hyderabad.

— I remain. and send this reply by his hands. Again thanking your Highness in the name of my Government. — I have received from Colonel Marshall your letter of the 26th of August. This duty undoubtedly has considerably added. " Dufferin. There is no doubt that the advance of a great military power towards the borders of India has imposed on the Government the obligation of taking those precautions for the defence of our frontier which are adopted by all nations on becoming conterminous with each other. and it is a convincing proof both of your Highness's statesmanlike capacity as well as of your generosity that you should have been the first among the Princes of India to recognize the principle that the Native States are as much interested as the rest of the Indian population in assisting the Government to take whatever measures may be necessary to preserve the borders of the Empire from any dangers which may arise from external complications. and will continue to add for some time. my friend.great. emanating as it does from the head of one of the largest and most important States in India. yours sincerely. for the noble example which you have set. It is difficult for me to express in fitting terms my sense of the ready loyalty and goodwill which have prompted your Highness to come forward at this time with so generous an offer. Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress was pleased to express her warm appreciation of the loyal action of His Highness in the following letter. as well as in the name of Her Majesty and the Government of England. " My Friend. to the expenditure of the Government of India . It is indeed a striking proof of the friendly feelings entertained towards Her Majesty and the British Government by the Princes of the Empire. no matter how friendly their existing relations. and I had the greatest satisfaction in acquainting the Queen Empress with the contents of your Highness's kharita. by His Excellency the Viceroy's hand : — " Simla. October 7." .

of any military operations beyond the frontier. not for want of will. We believe that feeling is shared by every potentate. although we have sanctioned an expenditure of some ten millions sterling on frontier defence. the rulers of the Native States would be compelled to play a certain part. great or small. . but rather of knowledge as to how and when to speak. indeed. nor. the step having been taken by the Nizam entirely on his own initiative. but he has chosen the very best and the most original mode of giving vent to the pent-up feeling of a large section of the Indian population. and it is this which makes the Nizam's princely gift all the more gratifying and significant. indeed. the offer of their military contingents. from Travancore to Cashmere. yet it has remained voiceless. magnificent in itself. But we are fortunately not in any imminent risk of war or invasion. even if caused by expenditure on objects from which that Court derives a direct benefit. . It is quite unexpected.And the appreciation of the people of England of the friendly action of the First Prince of the Indian Empire was aptly expressed in the following leading article in the Times : — "This is an intimation which no one can misinterpret. who are outside the red line of British administration. and now perceive that this advance constitutes a danger for them as well as for us. The action of the Nizam. as we have received before. There is absolutely no precedent in Indian history for the Nizam taking this step in time of peace. is enhanced by all the attendant circumstances. and we should receive. that the great Native Courts. We can assure His Highness that his generous friendship will wake a re- . In time of war and invasion. With remarkable acumen the Nizam has not only seen that the time has come. have been alive to th« incessant encroachments of Kussia in the direction of India. or. for any Native Court admitting the least responsibility in regard to the financial embarrassments of the Central Government. .

although its full effect will be felt most in the Peninsula of Hindostan. at a moment when even the suspicion of compulsion could not exist. but he has set all the feudatories of the Indian Empire a splendid example. but his real conviction is that for him personally the Nizam is quite as important a personage. his expressed thought may be for the Sultan as Caliph. When an Indian Mahomedan talks of the secular power of Islam. not merely for the noble proportions of his contribution to frontier defence. The Nizam's act cannot fail to arouse our enthusiasm at the same time that it furnishes a uniquecompliment to our authority and power. but it would not have possessed the same political significance. The great service which he has rendered our Government and cause is that. "The impression produced by the Nizam's letter will not be limited to India or this country. The Nizam has spoken not only ' as the oldest THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 101 ally of the English in India.sponsive feeling in the breasts of the British people. In doing this he has not only committed his own person and dynasty to a policy of implacable hostility to a foreign invader. If any other Indian chief had taken this step the deed would have been in a personal sense quite as gratifying. where the ruler of Hyderabad speaks as the great political chief among the fifty million Mahomedans of the Empire. but for the loyal feelings which inspired him to place on unmistakable record before the world the unanimity of opinion in India on the subjects of English rule and Russian aggression. he has come forward with the frank declaration that in his opinion every ruler and native of India has a common interest in the security of the country against external attack.' but as the fore- .

The Nizam's letter annihilates such petty and personal criticism. A great deal too much notice has been paid to alleged disaffection at native courts ana capitals. He is an infinitely greater prince. It is impossible after this to suspect Hyderabad of being less staunch in the cause of defending India than ourselves . and when the greatest and most powerful of Indian States is thus outspoken we may feel sure that the rest will not lag far behind. and the armies and the social state of Native States. . . The Nizam's letter is also important as putting an end to all possible ambiguity as to the cordial relations and good understanding subsisting between the Central Government and the chief feudatories of India. tested by his revenue.' This we never doubted.most Mahomedan potentate in our quarter of Asia. have now received the clearest possible refutations at the hands of the most representative Mahomedan prince in the Peninsula. and especially at the expense of Mahomedans. and his own personal enlightenment and that of his Government. and he declares in the most emphatic and unequivocal manner that if the fatal hour comes he will be with us. but what is as surprising as it . alienated by the greed and tyranny of England. so that the contest will be virtually over before the first shot is fired. . He has anticipated the crisis which may be before that country. that when the Czar's armies move towards the Indus the discontented princes and peoples. than the Ameer of Bokhara. may perhaps have been scanned with too closely critical an eye under the sudden perception of what might be a concealed danger. . instigated by outside intriguers . . the number of his subjects. and that 'England can count on his sword. The present Nizam has bettered his predecessor's example. will rise to welcome them as deliverers. . kept up in conformity with written treaty. who is termed the Head of Islam in Central Asia. The Nizam has been good enough to take the most effectual steps to shatter the pleasing belief of Russian commanders and some Continental critics. The silly stories which those adventurers who wish to make a livelihood out of Russian credulity have been circulating about English oppression in India.

who took the opportunity. as the first of Indian princes. to reiterate his sentiments of loyalty and friendliness in the following words : — "The historical friendship that has existed between my State and the British Government has not been confined to mere mellifluous words." And the speech of the Viceroy recipro- . could have rendered with the same effect. But we cannot do less than admit that he acquires an additional claim on our confidence and consideration by conferring an inestimable service on the whole of the Empire. as Viceroy of India . but has been tested by deeds — deeds in which the best blood of Hyderabad was shed in defence of British interests. when proposing the health of his distinguished guest. and not mere lip service.is welcome is that he has discovered the very best way to convince the world that his words are sincere. and one which no one but he. and was entertained at dinner by the Nizam. deeds in which British blood was spilt in defending the throne of a faithful ally. for there is no repaying such generosity and cordiality as he has shown. which I am not only most anxious to maintain but to increase by continuous deeds of loyal amity. both now and in the future." In November 1892 the Marquess of Lansdowne visited His Highness's capital in State. and the greatest magnate in alliance with the Crown. It would be futile to talk of making the Nizam some adequate return. British politicians can learn from his action the moral that British authority in India is both popular and useful. This friendship is a most precious legacy left to me by my ancestors. and at the same time that the menace from Russia is regarded by the responsible representatives of the Peninsula as a real and growing danger. In the union of those who will suffer from it is to be found absbiutesecufity. and the Nizam has shown that this union exists.

to recall the fact that its population is about five times that of Denmark. And I may add that there is no ruler whom. the following is an extract from it : — "His Highness the Nizam rules over an area of 100. there is no reason why the State should not be what His Highness.000 square miles and a population of over eleven millions of human beings. of Norway. upon personal grounds. desires it to be. I am sure. I may refer in illustration of my meaning to the liberality with which the support of the State has been given to such useful measures as the improvement of the water-supply of Secunderabad. His Highness's territories comprise some of the richest in natural resources of any in India.cated these sentiments . and to the public spirit shown by His Highness in connection with the appointment of the 102 . an example to the rest. It is perhaps instructive. and of Turkey in Europe. in order to give a correct idea of the importance of the State. the Government of India is more desirous of supporting and encouraging in the discharge of his onerous duties than His Highness the Nizam. considerably more than ' double the population of the Netherlands. while it is also considerably more than double that of the great island Continent of Australia and of that vast Dominion of Canada in which I had for some years the honour of representing Her Majesty. and they are all agreed in bearing witness to the personal qualities which have attracted to him the sympathy and goodwill of those with whom he has been brought into contact. and it is not too much to say that given a Government founded upon justice and personal security. It is satisfactory to know that he has on more than one occasion shown by his acts that he is sincerely anxious to do his duty as the ruler of this important State. Sweden. ' ! I have had the advantage of meeting several of those who have had official relations with him.

reminded every one of the feeling evoked in England by the illness of the Prince of Wales. and prisons. the prayers in all the mosques. Sir Vikar-ul-Umara. and the great Shamsiya family — the late Sir Asman Jah. and the public anxiety throughout the State. in revenue-administration and surveys. and in every other department. In communication and means of locomotion. the most thorough reforms have been attempted with marked success. based on the most . 1 886 . the late Shams-ul-Umara. It is not too much to say that the Nizam is idolized by his people. he has established an extensive system of public instruction. ably presided over by Surgeon-Lieuteuant-Colonel Lawrie— an enquiry which has already produced scientific results of importance. police. and the present Prime Minister. Sir Kurshid Jah. in finance. in sanitation. on the occasion of his serious illness in 1884. in the administration of justice." The progress of the State of Hyderabad under the rule of this brave and patriotic Prince has been most surprising. By the aid of these Ministers His Highness has developed his State by a great railway — which he opened in person on April 3. among whom the most prominent have been the late Sir Sahar Jang. cloth and silk weaving. shawl-making and the like — has been most marked. The recent increase in trade and manufactures — cotton-spinning. and is evident in every department of public affairs. in education. The Nizam has had the advantage of being served by many of the ablest and most experienced and successful Statesmen that India has produced. and which shows that His Highness is prepared to recognize the claims of philanthropy transcending the limits of his own possessions.THE« GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Chloroform Commission.

this chapati the warrior carried with him as an amulet through all his successful campaigns. which represents the "Lucky Chapati " of the first Nizam. In every way the progress attained. establishing schools for the training of nurses. especially of late. This family cognizance took its origin in the following incident. He has introduced and largely carried out a scientific system of Revenue Survey. has been most remarkable and gratifying. and presented him with a chapati as an emblem of good fortune . The family banner of the Nizam is coloured yellow. and in the sanitation of the great cities of the State. for use in time of famine. and is becoming a valuable centre for jail-manufactures. and put it on a par with that in British India . and safeguarded the rights of the poorer cultivators. both for elementary and for secondary education . although it contains some of the most desperate criminals in India. to be educated. When the first Nizam was departing to the wars in the Deccan. a holy man came forward to give his benediction to the hero of the faith. The Nizam has also established a system of famine-relief. His Highness has cared for the medical wants of his female subjects by employing lady-doctors. based on the Report of Sir James Caird's Famine Commission. is admirably arranged and administered. he has purified the administration of justice. and especially in the capital. that may be compared with that of British India. at the cost of the State.perfect models. Some of the sons of the Hyderabad nobles are sent to England. he has repaired the neglect of centuries in the maintenance and construction of tanks and wells. and it bears in its centre a disc. The great central jail of Hyderabad. and by many similar benefactions. and his descendants have ever since borne .

and more than twice as populous. with all reports. thereby keeping the Nizam fully informed of the state of public affairs. It is by far the largest. financial statements.000 square miles .I. and indeed.— with a Council of State. and in which he is very expert. K. its population is nearly 13.the device called the kulcha on their banner. which is his great amusement. which are temporarily administered by the British Government in trust for him — is about 98. richest. through the medium of a Prime Minister — His Excellency Sir Vikar-ul-Umara. and other documents. The Nizam maintains a military force of 6228 cavalry.E. and most populous of the feudatory States of India . but with over a million THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 103 Muhammadans. it is three times as large as Bavaria. 24. His Highness has fixed days in the week when he transacts public business with the Council.068 . The area of the Nizam's dominions — including the Berars or Hyderabad Assigned Districts.C. especially in that of tent-pegging. He is a keen sportsman. and thrice a week the Prime Minister attends at the Palace. The Nizam rules his State in a constitutional manner. His Highness is said to take a personal interest in all that goes on . and a proficient in all manly exercises.000.000. he acted as his own Minister. with the aid of an English officer lent him by the Viceroy. for some time before the appointment of the last Prime Minister. chiefly Hindus.

The ttle was conferred on May 25. IBRAIIM KHAN. See Muhammad Ibralim Khan. Sayyid. IBRAIIM SAYYID. IDAR.S. Deccan. Muhammad Awali Martabat Mirza Bahadur. IBAHIM. Sayyid.I. His Highness Maharaja Sri Sir Kesrisinghji Jawansinghji. Punjtb. Tie title was conferred on January 1.C. K. . Prince. HYDERSHA AMEDSHA MUNSHI. Succeeded to the yadi December 26. IBRA3IM HAJI SUMAR PATEL. IBRAHIM All. Sarddr. Is Wazir of the Bahawalpur Stite. ICHHRl SINGH. b. Residence : Gujranwala. A ruling chief. 1899. 1897. 1895.. North-Western Provhces. 3. Residence : Bombay. Residence: Bahawalpur. See Muhammad. Khan Saheb. IBA. 1898. Residence : Moradabad.infantry. IBRAHIM ALI. Khan Bahadur. Received the title on Jun&lt. Residence : Godhra. See Muhammad. and 35 guns. The title was conferred on June 22. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Hyderabad. IBRAR AHMAD. Khd% Saheb. Punjab. See Muhammad. 1864. See Muhammad Ibralim. The title is hereditary. His Highness is entitled to a salute of 21 guns. Kazi. Sayyid.D-ULLA. exclusive of the Prigah or Household Troops. Muhammad. Khan Bahddur. Khan Bahdaur. Bombay. Maharaja of. Maulavi. Haji.

the present Maharaja. son of Anand Singh. but including 8700 Muhammadans and 6266 Jains. and other important Princes. Belongs to the great Rahtor Rajput (Hindu) family. and his brother Bakht Singh Rahtor was the conqueror of Nagar. K. Rahtor Raja of Jodhpur. said to spring from the second son of the legendary hero Rama. was compelled to lose part of his territories. His Highness was educated at the Rajkumar College at Indore. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. the Raja Gambhirsinghji. and to which also belong the Chiefs of Bikanir and Kishangarh in Rajputana. and died in 1868.C. The latter was succeeded by the Maharaja Jawansinghji. when the famous Abhai Singh.1868. His State has an area of 2500 square miles . named Anand Singh Rahtor and Rai Singh Rahtor.429. and the Raja Sheo Singh Rahtor. who died in 1791. The Mahara ja has obtained a sanad of adoption . The Peshwa and the Gaekwar soon despoiled the young State. 1887. This tribute is still paid by the Chief of Idar. who died shortly afterwards. established themselves at Idar by force of arms. and a population of 258. and was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on February 15. and therefore of the Solar race. chiefly Hindus.S. In 1729. Sheo Singh was succeeded by his sonBhawan Singh. of whom the principal Chief is His Highnessthe Maharaja of Jodhpur. who in return receives tribute from some other minor States. as a minor. two other brothers. His Highness main- . leaving his son.. and to pay tribute to the Gaekwar. who was a Member of the Legislative Council of Bombay. was Subahdar of Guj arat under the Emperor Muhammad Shah. leaving the (jadi to a minor son.I.

1850. Mahi Kantha. Residence: Delhi. . A ruling chief . See Muhammad. 100 infantry. Prince. J.Shaikh. Punjab. The title was conferred on May 25. Bombay. IKDARIA. Residence : Lahore. and 21 guns. See Raipur Ikdaria.tains a military force of 54 cavalry. Hafiz. Residence: Ijpura. ILAHI BAKHSH. Muhammad. Thakur Gobar singly i. Khdn BaMdur. The title was conferred on June 3. 1891. 1895. ILAHI BAKHSH. The title was conferred on January 1. Mahi Kantha. Khdn Bahadur. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Mirza Bahadur. Khan Bahddur. b. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. IJPURA. Delhi. Sayyid Muhammad. Thdkvr of. Punjab. Muhammad. His State has a population of about 392. chiefly Hindus. Residence: 104 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA ILAHI BAKHSH. Punjab. Khdn Bahadur. Khadim-ulAima. IJAZ HUSAIN. Residence : Idar. IKRAM-ULLA KHAN.

second son of Raja Dulchi Ram of Jaisalmir. 1866. IMAM BAKHSH walad SHER MUHAMMAD KHAN (of Mirpur). The title is continued for life. Mir. The title is personal.The title is personal. Ludhiana. and was conferred on May 24. in recognition of his eminent services in the Survey . The State of Ilol is tributary to the Gaekwar. Fateh Khan. Sind. ILOL. Residence : Ajmir. Belongs to a Ed j put Muhammadan family. Thakur Wakhatsinghji Dipsinghji. Amir Khan. that claims descent from the same stock as that of the ruling house of Jaisalmir. Khdn Bahadur. Rai. and has succeeded to her private estate. 1834. chiefly Hindus. Mir. Khdn Bahadur. and Faizulla Khan. Bombay. Thakur. 1884. Residence : Hyderabad. A ruling chief. The title was conferred on April 10. He has three sons. Rajkot. IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. ILTIFAT HUSAIN. His descendants occupied Raikot till the death of Rani Bhagbari in 1852. Tulsi Ram. b. 1889. Its founder. is said to have become a convert to Islam in the year 1833. and was conferred on May 24. when the territory lapsed to the British Government. Residence : Baroda. Mahi Kantha. Belongs to a Koli (Hindu) family. Its area is 44 square miles . its population is 5603. IMAM BAKHSH (of Raikot). was educated at the Rajkumar College. as a personal distinction. Rai Imam Bakhsh is a distant relative of the late Rani. Bozdar. Residence : Raikot. 1889. 1864. b. Punjab. Residence : Ilol. and also to Idar. Succeeded to the gadi April 16.

Belongs to a Mazari Baluch famly that claims descent from Amir Hamza. to Agror. IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. the father of Sir Imam Balhsh. Sandeman's mission to Kal^t. 1877. received the title of " Mazar. and was created a Enight Commander of the Most Eninent Order of the Indian Empire. Mty 24. Batil Kbin. to Buner. in recognition of his loyal and zealous services in S5r R. received a sanad from the Mahiraja Ranjit Singh of Lahore.aamed Bahram Khan. A descendant. Durinj the Mutiny of 1857 Sir Imam Btkhsh gave conspicuous aid to the Government.. His eldest son. Mazari. He has done especially valuable work as an explorer in the Gilgit country. Bahrain Khan. The first title (of Mir. 1888. Kul Charag. He is a Member of the Municipal Committee of Dera Ghazi Khan . He has taken part also in exploring expeditions to the Vaziri country. and in the Shirani Hills. Nawdb. and was conferred on February 23. Mir. is hereditary. the second (of Nawab) is personal.C.E. whose sen.Department as an explorer of unknown tracts on the Frontier. and has received a khilaf and a chair in Darbar from the Government. was born in 18¬´JV and has married the daughter ani only . the uncle of the Prophet." meaning a lion in the Baluch language. Punjab. and one of tht most influential and loyal Chiefs m the Baluch frontier. K. and hence the mme of this Baluchi clan.I. Kandahar. on account of his gallantry in the battles with the Lashiris. also in Zhob and the Ghumal country. and settled in Kach *nd Makran. Sir. emigrated from Persiato Kalat. He is an Honorary Magistrate of the first class. and Kabul. Residence: Dera Ghazi Khan.

as a personal distinction. IMDAD IMAM. The title was conferred on January 1. Sayyid. INAYAT ALI KHAN walad MIR GHTJLAM SHAH. IMDAD ALI. IMDAD ALI KHAN walad TURAB All KHAN. to Sir Imam Bakhsh's desceidants. or headship of the clan. Punjab. IMLAI. Residence : Damoh. Residence: Patna. Sher Muhatnmad.child of his cousin. 1887. IMAM SHARIF. The title was conferred on May 24. Khdn Bahddur. Shams-ul-Ulama. See Lala Saheb. in recognition of his eminence as an oriental scholar. INAYAT ALI KHAN walad MIR . Residence : Dera Ghazi Khan. Residence: Sind. Khdn Bahddur. The title is personal. 1889. Mir. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 106 at the time of the annexation. Central Provinces. Mir. Sind. The title is hereditary. The title is continued for life. Residence : Survey of India. 1895. which marriage ensures* the "amanddrship. the Mir being a representative of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. JRdjd of. and was conferred on February 16. Bengal. Maulavi. Residence : Shikarpur.

The title is hereditary. Raja Indar Deo's grandfather was the ruling chief at Jammu.GHTJLAM SHAH. INDAR NARAYAN. Rdjd. Raja of Jammu. Khan Bahadur. INDAR DEO (of Akhrota). North-Western Provinces. b. He is the son of the late Raja Raghbir Deo. Shaikh. INAYAT HUSAIN KHAN. Rai . Belongs to a Pathan family. 1850. 1870. MunsM. The title is personal. September 1834. The title is personal. INAYAT HUSAIN. Residence: Hardoi. Oudh. Mir. who was the ancestor of the Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir. Belongs to a Brahman . Its founder was Raja Ranjit Deo. and was conferred on November 25. the son of Raja Darab Deo. and was conferred on June 3. and on June 6. Gurdaspur. The title has been continued for life. b. Khan Bahadur. The title is hereditary. 1893. who was ejected by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore when he conquered that territory. Residence : Akhrota. INAYAT-ULLA KHAN. 1858. and was conferred on June 5. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Allahabad. During the Mutiny he rendered valuable services at the risk of his own life and property. 1885. Deccan. Punjab. Residence : Hyderabad. Pathankot. and has been in service of the Government since 1850. and for these he has been rewarded with a grant. obtained the title of Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction. Sind. Residence: Hyderabad. The family is of ancient Rajput origin.

INDORE. and once (less happily) in those of Tulsi Bai (1811-17).C. On his death his son. He was educated at Agra.family of Kashmir. which were of the greatest value to the local authorities throughout the time of the disturbances. where. The late Pandit Rai Kishan Narayan was Settlement Deputy Collector of Sagar in the Central Provinces at the time of the Mutiny of 1857.I. His Highness MaharajAdhiraj Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar. at important periods. It is an interesting fact in connection with the history of this Principality. His Highness's full titles are — His Highness Maharaj-Adhiraji Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar Bahadur. Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. G. 1886. b. been in the hands of ladies of the family — once. and greatly distinguished himself by his courage and fidelity. and has two sons — Brij Narayan and Iqbal Narayan.S. the present Rai. who is a Subordinate Judge in the North-Western Provinces. Residence : Cawnpur. most successfully. with a grant of lands. who have occupied a very conspicuous place in the history of India since the first half of the 18th century. and in the year 1724 entered . Holkar is the dynastic name of the Princes of this great Mahratta family. 1860. North-Western Provinces. was born Malhar Rao. in 1693.. Maharaja of. Succeeded to the gadi on July 12. A ruling chief. It is derived from Hoi. inherited the title and estates. the founder of the dynasty. Bahadur. the name of the village on the Nira river in the Deccan. in those of the famous Ahalya Bai (1765-95). Malhar Rao adopted a military life in his early youth. As a reward he received the hereditary title of Rai. that its administration has twice.

the daughter-in-law of the first Holkar. a minor named Mali Rao Holkar. from which time his rise was very rapid. Tukaji Rao Holkar. The latter died in a few months . in a state of prosperity. in conjunction with Sindhia (see Gwalior.the service of the Peshwa. At last Jeswant Rao Holkar. Aided by her Commanderin-Chief. and at the great battle of Panipat. from the gratitude of the Peshwa. He continued to strengthen his position. Maharaja of). which. managed to maintain the position of the family. 106 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA the territory of Indore. in a well-ordered and prosperous condition. amid many vicissitudes of fortune. reverted to the Peshwa by British intervention after the Treaty . and the administration was then assumed by his mother. He defeated the combined armies of Sindhia and the Peshwa in 1802. at her death in 1795. he commanded one division of the Mahratta hosts. and had received. had conquered the Imperial Subahdar of Malwa. and left Indore. Eight years later he had become the Commander-in-Chief of the Peshwa's armies. and took possession of the Peshwa's capital of Poona . however. After that disaster he retired to Indore. and devoted himself to the development of this great Principality. Ahalya Bai. this clever and courageous lady ruled for thirty years. an illegitimate son of Tukaji. which he left in 1765 to his grandson. with most of the conquered territory. Thereon much disorder ensued.

an increased personal salute. Hari Rao Holkar. at Indore. and besieged the British Resident. who died in 1844.of Bassein in the same year. after the Treaty of Sarji Anjengaon. Malhar Rao Holkar . with varying fortune. and his rebellious troops soon after were forced to lay down their arms. however. by which Malhar Rao Holkar became a feudatory Prince of the British Empire. war ensued between Jeswant Rao Holkar and the Paramount Power. father of the present Chief. The latter. till at length. and was invested with the full management of the State. In 1852 he attained his majority. and sign a treaty on the banks of the river Bias in the Punjab. and the rank of a . and the administration was carried on by Tulsi Bai. and was the second son of Bhao Holkar. and the Treaty of Mandesar followed in 1818. The Maharaja. Tukaji Rao was only eleven years old at the date of his accession. who was exposed to much difficulty and danger in taking off the women and children to a place of safety at Bhopal. one of the concubines of the late Maharaja. and was succeeded by adoption by his late Highness the Maharaj-Adhiraj Tukaji Rao Holkar. In 1857 the Indore army mutinied. as Queen Regent. Sir Henry Durand. was succeeded by his adopted son. She was murdered in 1817 by her own officers . He died in 1833 without issue. in 1805. but the Indore army was defeated by the British forces at the battle of Mehidpur. leaving a minor son. Martand Rao Holkar was adopted as his successor. remained loyal. He died in 1811. but was speedily deposed by his cousin. Holkar was forced to surrender to Lord Lake. Kandi Rao. The Maharaja subsequently received a sanad of adoption. dying in 1843 without issue. Again.

being more populous than the former.000 belonging to various aboriginal tribes. and less so than the latter.000 Muhammadans. of the Vasishta Gotra or clan. He died in 1886. 6128 infantry. ancestor of the Raja. chiefly Hindus. In size the State of Indore may be compared with the kingdoms of Saxony or Wiirtemburg. The area of his State is 8400 square miles . and 19 guns elsewhere. Central India. and was succeeded by the present Maharaj-Adhiraj Bahadur. His Highness maintains a military force of 3231 cavalry. He is entitled to a salute of 21 guns within the limits of Indore territory. but is larger than either. Residence : Indore. In population it may be compared with the Grand Duchies of Hesse or Baden. its population about 1. but including about 73.Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. November 21. . tracing their descent from Deo Ridh Rai. and 86. and is known as a Prince of great enlightenment and ability. 1864. Like his illustrious father.Rdjd.055. having been assumed by Rai Dingar Deo. Itaunja). b.000. Belongs to a Puar Rajput (Hindu) family. INDRA BIXRAMA SINGH (of Raipur Ikdaria. eighth son of Raja Rudra Sah of Dharanagar or THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 107 . and having been recognized as hereditary by the Government in 1877. The title is hereditary. and 65 guns. he has received the rank of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. His Highness has visited England.

attained his majority. 1890. who took service under the King of Delhi. Mian.Deogarh. Lucknow. Rao Bahadur. 1886. The title is personal. Central India. four months after attaining his majority. Residence: Central Provinces. Residence : Bombay. then sixteen years old. and obtained from him important commands. Is a near relative of the Rdjd Narindar Chand of Nadaun (q.).S. 1892. The title is personal. Haji. K. ISHRI PARSHAD TEWARI. Resi- . ISHAN CHANDRA MITTRA. as a minor under the Court of Wards. Khdn Saheb. and was conferred on May 20. Residence : Charkhdri. Received the title on June 3. which they hold in almost sacred reverence. and was succeeded by his brother. Rat Bahadur. and received possession of his estate on January 2. Mahona.I. Bengal. and that it is the symbol of their right to the estates granted to them by the Emperors of Delhi. Oudh. Educated at Canning College. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. 1887. the present Rdjd. The Rdjds have before their residence a large square stone. and a descendant of the Rdjd Sir Jodhbir Chand. INJHAR SINGH. The late Rdjd Jagmohan Singh died in 1881. The title was conferred on January 1. ISHAK HAJI ISA. They say that they brought it from Delhi. Residence : Itaunja. Lucknow. 1899. Rat. v. The title is hereditary. ISHRI SINGH (of Nadaun).C. Residence : Hughli. and was conferred on February 16.

ISKHAN KHAN. 1892. Rai Bahddur. b. ISHWAR DAS. Bengal. 1826. Malik. Has received the thanks of Government for his public services and his benevolence. The title was conferred on January 1. The title was conferred January 1. Rai Rdjd Tikam Chand Bahddur. June 13. and was conferred on May 24. Residence: Madras. and his father. ISHWAR LAL OCHHAVARAM. Rao Saheb. Residence: Peshawar. Khdn Saheb. Rai Bahddur. Residence : Poona. His adopted son is named Lachmi Das. The titles are personal. 1895. The title is personal. Residence : Dacca. Belongs to a Kayastha family. Residence: Ahmadabad. ISHWAR CHANDRA SIL. KUn Saheb. Bombay. Punjab. were recognized by the Government in 1890. Rai Bahadur. Received the title on June 3. 1889. 1893. Tarin. Rdjd Ddyawant. Bombay. and having been conferred by the Nawdb of the Carnatic. ISHWAR DAS. Pandit. Received the title on June 3. the Rai Rdjd Makhan Lai Bahadur. 1899. 1899. Baluchistan. Rai Bahddur. The title was conferred on June 3. His grandfather. claiming descent from the famous Chitragupta. Residence : Calcutta. . Punjab.dence : Kdngra. ISHWAR CHANDRA MITTAR. ISMAIL BEG AMIR BEG. both successively held important posts under the Nawdbs of the Carnatic. Residence: Peshin.

brother of the Pinddri leader Chitu. Central India. Mian of. ITHAR KHAN AIMAT KHAN. 1897. A ruling chief. JABRIA BHIL and JABRI. Residence : Jabalpur. Assam. 1888 as a minor. Rai Bahddur. JADAV. The title was conferred on June 22. Reside nee : Malda. Khdn Saheb. Bombay. Belongs to a Pinddri (Muhammadan) family. Residence : Nowgong. Bhopdl. and was conferred on August 30. The title was conferred on January 1. See Raipur Ikdaria. Khdn Saheb. Elijah. 108 THE GOLDEN BOOK OP INDIA . Mian Yusuf Muhammad. Residence : Kolaba. Central Provinces. The State is tributary to Gwalior. b. ITAUNJA.ISMAIL KHAN walad SALE KHAN. Bengal. chiefly Hindus. and contains a population of about 1000. Bombay. 1888. The title is personal. Succeeded to the gadi May 10. descended from Rajdn Khdn. See Jadab. 1898. Rai Bahadur. see also Indra. Residence: Jalgaon. Residence : Jabria Bhil. The title was conferred on June 22. 1897. JACOB. Received the title on May 21. Khdn Saheb. JADAB CHANDRA DEB. 1874. 1898. JADAB CHANDRA BARTJA.

who appointed Ram Chandra Deo. the last Maharaja of Orissa. Kumdr. Residence : Aul.JADU. Is descended from the ancient Royal family of Orissa. and has subsequently rendered excellent service in the Police of the North-Western Provinces. while the other Ram Chandra Deo was made Raja of Khurda. .. See Yadu. and was granted by him the appellation of Haldar. was conquered by the Raja Man Singh {see Jodhpur) as Viceroy of the Mughal Emperor towards the close of the 16th century. During the Mutiny the Rai Bahadur was a prisoner in the hands of the rebels for five months. of whom the elder was also called Ram Chandra Deo. and was conferred on May 24. When subsequently Ram Chandra Deo. his title was disputed by the two surviving sons of Makund Deo. the son of Maharaja. Makund Deo. Is the son of the late Raja Padmalabh Deo of Aul. April 5. The title is personal. and has recently died. After the British conquest of Bengal he was appointed Tahsildar of Khas Mahal in Barrackpore. was proclaimed Maharaja of Orissa by the headmen of the country.B. Residence : Allahabad.Western Provinces. b. which his descendants retain as their family name. and his brother to be Raja of Sarungar of Patiya. North. Orissa. In 1803 the Raja of Aul acknowledged fealty to the British Government. Bengal. The Maharaja Makund Deo. to be Raja of Aul. and the disputes were finally settled by Raj 4 Man Singh in 1580 A. His great-grandfather was in the service of the Nawab of Murshidabad in Bengal. 1832. JADUNATH DEO (of Aul). 1889. succeeded to the gadi in 1840. JADUNATH HALDAR. Rai Bahadur. who was born in 1830. belonging to another family.

Is an Majesty's Army.JADUNATH MUKHARJI. Residence : Haz^ribagh. JAFAR YUSUF. being the younger son of Nizamud-daula. Bengal. JAFAR All KHAN. Nawab Bahadur. Is the grandson of the late Amjad Ali Shah. January 2. 1893. the Maharaja Ram Krishna Rai Bahadur of Nator. Residence: Lucknow. Nawab Bahadur. Muhammad. and at one time owned the greater portion of the Rajshahi district. The title is personal. Maharaja. and was conferred on January 1. JAFAR ALI KHAN. and was conferred on May 22. Residence: Indian Empire. who were eminent for many generations as Maharajas of Nator. JAGADINDRA NATH RAI (of Nator). Bombay. 1887. See Janjira." Granted the title of Rai Bahadur. The title is personal. Oudh. with Risaldar. The title is personal. who married a daughter of the King. Rai Bahadur. It is stated that the title of Maharaja Bahadur was conferred on Ram Jiban Rai by the Emperor of Delhi. His son was . CLE. King of Oudh. Khan Bahadur. officer in Her the rank of Caloutta. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the June 25. Chief of. as a personal distinction. and another sanad from Delhi was conferred on his grandson. Residence : Poona. 1876. JAFARABAD. 1877Belongs to a Saritra Brahman family. 1897. See Muhammad. The title was conferred on June 22. "for liberality displayed by him in various matters of public progress and improvement. JAFAR ALI KHAN.

Northwestern Provinces. Belongs to a Brahman family of Bengal. in which he held an important position. Raja of. 1894. and was conferred on February 16. Madras. and was ' conferred on January 2. The title is personal. Residence: Benares. 1896. the (adoptive) father of the present Maharaja. The title was conferred on January 1. Rao Bahadur. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 109 JAGANNADHA RAO. Bengal. Residence : Vizianagram. JAGADISHWAR CHATTARJI. Munshi. for long and approved service in the Opium Department. 1846. K. Received the title on January 2.the Maharaja Bisvanath Rai Bahadur of Nator. P. Rai Bahadur. who is said by the family to have been granted a political pension by the British Government in 1806. b. JAGANNATH. JAGAMANPUR. Residence: Agra. Rai Bahadur. Residence: Nator. Rajshahi. JAGAN PARSHAD. 1887. Rai Bahadur. See Rup Sah. Madras. Residence : Karnul. Valluri. The title is personal. Madras. . 1899. The title was conferred on May 26. 1888. JAGANNADHA CHETTIAR. His grandson was the Maharaja Gobindanath Rai Bahadur of Nator. Lala. Is Tahsildar of Karnul. March 17. NorthWestern Provinces. Rai Bahadur.

Kalalwala. Residence : Umri. Is the senior representative of the ancient Bilkhari (Rajput) Chiefs of Fort Bilkhar. . 29th jPunjab Infantry. About 600 years ago one of his descendants. 1850. JAGAT SINGH. The title was conferred on June 22. Rdjd. See Kapurthala. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 3. JAGANNATH BARUA. Succeeded to the gadi October 23. b. but was deposed by his son-in-law. Raja Ram Deo. JAGGAN. CLE. North-Western Provinces. fourth son of Jaswant. Thdkur. leaving only a few villages to the descendants of Raj 4 Ram Deo.Residence : Pilibhit. His Highness Sir. who built Fort Bilkhar after the fall of Kanauj. JAGAT SINGH (of Singhpur). JAGATJIT SINGH BAHADUR. CLE. JAGAT BAHADUR (of Umri). the vast ruins of which remain to this day in the mauza of Agyapur. Assam. descended from Ghaibar Sah. 1897. Residence: Singhpur. The title is hereditary. The present Raja has a son and heir. Bariar Singh Bachgoti (see Madho Prasad Singh. who slew his son Dalpat Sah. named Lai Krishna Pal Singh. November 17. Residence : SiaTkot. Narsinghpur. and great-grandson of Balbhaddar Dikhit. Oudh. Rdjd. Sarddr Bahadur. Rai). 1893. The Sardar Bahadur Jagat Singh. The title is hereditary... Partabgarh. Central Provinces. was the Bilkharia Chief of Patti and Fort Bilkhar. Residence : Jorhat. was formerly Subadar-Major. Rai Bahadur. See Jagan. 1872. and seized the fort. Punjab.

and subsequently for good services he was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. Oudh. is an Honorary Magistrate. Rai Bahadur. His grandson. JAGJODH SINGH. CLE. Residence : Chandapur. Is the son of the late Kunwar Peshawara Singh of the La- hore family. JAGJOT SINGH. the present Raja. Succeeded 1864. . Rai Bareli. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Rdjd. The title is personal. who was seventh in descent from Kanh. Sarddr. and Bahraich. the Kshatriya founder of Kanhpur in the time of the great Manik Chand. Rajputana. (of Atra Chandapur). JAGMOHAN SINGH. 1891. See Jagjodh Singh. Residence : Jaisalmir. 1841. Oudh. Rai Bahadur. Sarddr. JAGODESHWAR CHATTERJI. 1894. third son of Prasad Singh.JAGJIWAN. Punjab. Belongs to the great Kanhpuria (Rajput) family (see Surpal Singh Bahadur. August 21. Residences: Sialkot. Raja of Tiloi). 1877. who was in possession of Chandapur at the time of the conquest of Oudh by Saadat Khan. The title is hereditary. The title is hereditary. See Jagadishwar Chattarji. The Raja Shiudarshan Singh had half the estate confiscated at the time of the Mutiny in 1857. and was conferred on May 26. Mehta (of Bhuj). The seventh in descent from Madan Singh was the Raja Mandhata Singh. being descended from Raja Madan Singh of Simrauta. and received a Medal of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi on January 1. b.

1878. JAI KISHAN DAS. and was succeeded by 110 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA his relative. The title is hereditary. Punjab. and the second (Khan Bahadur) is personal. and were formidable opponents of the Emperor Babar. Residence: Hazara.S. JAI SINGH (of Guler). Rdjd. C. Khdn Bahadur. The title is hereditary. Raja Parmad Chand died childless in exile at Almora. Rani of. Raja Partab Chand. 1870. and having previously enjoyed the hereditary title of Mian. the father of the present Raja. b. Is the son of Raja Haidar Bakhsh Khan. JAHANGIRABAD. His son and heir is named Fazaldad. See Zebun-nisa. Rdjd. Belongs to a family of the Gakkar tribe. and is head of the Kangra family. Residence : Kangra.JAHANDAD KHAN (of Khanpur). Rdjd Bahadur. Rdjd. has acted as Extra Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab. JAI CHAND (of Lambagraon). and was conferred on February 28. 1881.I. His son and heir is named Rughnath Singh. The first title (Raja) is hereditary. The family is con- . Belongs to the Katoch family of Rajputs.. the Raja being the brother of the late Raja Shamsher Singh of Guler. who overran Kashmir in early times. See Jaikishan. 1851. Punjab. and was conferred on May 24. and was conferred on December 12.

Kangra. the present Raja. Raja Ram Singh. being the representative of Sahas. JAIBANS KTJNWAR (of Kaithola). From him a line of twenty descents from father to son ends in the late Raja Mahesh Bakhsh of Kaithola. the widow of the . He died in 1878. 1878. JAI SINGH (of Siba). The Siba family is an offshoot of the Guler family (see Jai Singh. the last of the old hereditary Rajas of Siba. The title is hereditary. Residence : Siba. and was conferred on August 7.nected with that of His Highness the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir by marriage. Raja). of Guler. calling it Siba after his own name. The title is personal. The title is hereditary. b. Punjab. who died without male issue in 1881. which itself was an offshoot of that of Kangra. The Chief of Kaithola is the head of the great Kanhpuria family (see Surpal Singh). the territory and title was continued to a scion of the family named Raj d Bije Singh. Punjab. Residence: Simla. but as an act of favour to His Highness the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. Succeeded the late Rand Ram Saran Singh in 1892. Rdjd. The estates were under Government management for some time. who is related to the family by marriage. and were then handed over to the present Rdni. The territory lapsed to the Paramount Power. Rdnd. and was succeeded by his son. died without male issue in 1875. Residence : Guler. JAI SINGH (of Kot Khai). 1849. Rdni. who conquered the Siba territory. a younger son of the Raja of Guler. Kangra. Punjab. the eldest son of Kanh. Is descended from Sibaru Chand. It is an offshoot of the families of Kangra and Lambagraon.

in 1857 rendered most valuable aid to the Government. He was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India in 1870. Oudh. JAIKISHAN DAS. Residence : Partabgarh. having long been in Government service. because they had slain the Kazi of Muttra. The title is personal.C. and ultimately was surprised and slain by the rebels at Kasganj. the present Rdjd Jai Kishan Dds Bahddur. Rdjd Bahadur. 1860. Mahdrdjd of. 1880. who fled to Etah from Muttra in the reign of Ala-uddin Ghori. Residence : Moradabad. C. descended from the legendary hero Rdma. Chaube Ghansham Das. is no unimportant part of the history of India. Rai Bahddur. 1861. and Deputy Collector of Bareilly.I. JAIPUR. JAIKISHAN DAS.S. 1832. Residence: Kashmir. Ascended the gadi as a minor September 18. had loyally supported him. Northwestern Provinces. b. His Highness Sir Madho Singh Bahadur. which. Tod devotes a large part of his learned Annals of Rdjdsthdn to the history of this family. November 24. although blind and infirm. indeed. Is the Chief of the famous Kachhwdha tribe of Rdjputs. . G. and was rewarded with the title and a grant of lands and other honours in 1860. and was conferred on January 18. b. 1894. and was invested with full governing powers on attaining his majority in September 1882. The title is personal.S. Lala. A ruling chief.late Raja. His brother. and therefore of the Swryavansi or Solar race. Belongs to a family of Chaube Brahmans. Is a Fellow of the Allahabad University. and having retired on pension..I. and was conferred on January 1..

drawn by eight horses. From Rama. there are enumerated 34 generations. the Emperor Akbar.. § 11)." The full title of the Maharaja is — His Highness Saramad-i-Rajaha-i-Hindustan Raj Rajendra Sri Maharaj-Adhiraj Sawai Sir Madho Singh Bahadur.Tod says of the ruling familv of Jaipur (otherwise called Amber or Dhundar) : "A family which traces its lineage from Rama of Koshala. .D. who transferred it to Jaipur in 1728. 106 generations. and Amber remained the capital of the dynasty until the time of Jai Singh II. may be allowed 'the boast of heraldry'. called the Chariot of the Sun. and in remembrance of this descent. and from Dhola Rao to the present Maharaja. the hero of the Rdmdyana. Raja Bhagwan Das of Jaipur was one of the first Princes of the Empire. the Cushites [Kachhwdha] of India celebrate with great solemnity the annual feast of the sun. perambulates his capital.the greatest of the legendary heroes of India. and the descendant of Ramesa. Early in the 11th century a descendant of Dhola Rao named Hamaji conquered Amber from the Minas. Surf/a ratha. In the time of the Great Mughal. the founder of the Jaipur State in 967 A. to Dhola Rao. ascending therein. Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (see Introduction.. on which a stately car. is brought from the THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 111 temple. Nala of Nishida. and Dola the lover of Maroni. and fixed his court there .

and Ujjain. who caused his death by poison. Some generations later. with contests with Jodhpur for the honour of marrying a Princess of Udaipur. But his adopted son and successor. five miles off). Prince Salim. and he was successively Governor of Kabul..Overcoming Rajput pride of race. Behar. not only as a warrior. the chronicles of the age are full of the exploits of the brother-in-law of the Emperor. the Raja Jai Singh. His nephew. In order to regain the privilege of marrying Princesses of the House of Udaipur — which honour they had forfeited by marrying a daughter to the Mughal Emperor — the Rajas of Jaipur agreed . Muttra. he it was who effected the capture of the famous Sivaji. Bengal. known as the Mirza Raja. Delhi. the Raja Man Singh. the subsequent history of the family is much occupied with leagues with Udaipur and Jodhpur against the Imperial Power. with Rajput rivalries and defections. he gave his daughter in marriage to the Emperor's son and heir. After the death of the Raja Jai Singh II. Assam. and Kabul . the second Jai Singh was famous. but also as an astronomer. was equally famous throughout the wars of Aurangzeb in the Deccan . and was himself one of the greatest Imperial commanders. founder of the Mahratta Power. Benares. He built observatories at Jaipur (to which place he removed his capital from the hills of Amber. and he is said to have fallen a victim to the jealousy of the Emperor. afterwards the Emperor Jahangir. was the most famous of all the Imperial generals. He and his Rajputs carried the arms of the Empire successfully into Orissa. and the Deccan. and with Mahratta raids. Bengal. in the time of the Emperor Muhammad Shah.

that the issue of the marriage with an Udaipur Princess should succeed to the Raj even before an elder brother by another Rani. and again in the famine of 1868. he was appointed a Councillor of the Empire. he was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India . azure. He rendered excellent service throughout the Mutiny of 1857. the British Government intervened . and this promise. the notorious Pindari leader (afterwards Nawab of Tonk). argent. The banner of His Highness that was unfurled at Delhi on that auspicious occasion was exceedingly interesting. As a reward. In the time of the Raj 4 Jagat Singh. produced endless troubles and disasters. sided first with the Raja of Jaipur against Jodhpur. At last. and was succeeded by his adopted son. and received a suitable addition to his titles and territory. he twice received an increase to his salute . The late Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh succeeded to the garli in 1835. for the Ra jput Pancharanga was properly rendered as " A Barry of 5 — yules. and the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India." The late Maharaja died in 1880. coupled with the rivalry of the Rajas of Jodhpur for the same privilege. took the Jaipur State under its protection. and on the occasion of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. in 1818. Amir Khan. and devastated each country in turn. and the solar lineage of the Kachhwaha Prince was indicated by the device " In chief a Sun in its splendour. as showing the close approximation of Rajput and European heraldic devices . and then with the Raja of Jodhpur against Jaipur. and the Raja became one of the great feudatories. vert. a scion of the Kachhwaha . or".

112 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA race. There are many Rajput Chiefs who are feudatories of His Highness. Maharaja Sri Vikrama Deo Garu (of Vizagapatam). 16. Supporters. and its population 2. argent." Residence : Jaipur. and to have gone to the oasis of the Great Indian Desert. 1886. — A tiger and a white horse. or .465 square miles . b.000 Jains. claiming direct descent from the divine Krishna. Motto. in chief a Sun in its splendour. — Barry of 5. the present Maharajd. and is entitled to a salute of 19 guns (including 2 guns personal). His Highness Maharawal Salivahan Bahadur.534. Jaipur is therefore larger than either Holland or Belgium. but including more than 170. The Mahard j 4 maintains a military force of 3578 cavalry. Rajputana. The area of the State is 14. whence it appears to have been driven by conquerors from Ghazni. azure. when Settled in the Punjab. bearing cinquefoils argent. — "Jato Dharma Stato Jayo. See Vikrama.000 Muhammadans and nearly 60. Arms. and 281 guns. who was its leader in very remote ages. which it . and more populous than Greece. Maharaja of. Crest. chiefly Hindus. 1891. Maharawal of.357. JAISAIMIR. Is the Chief of the Jadu Bhatti Rajputs. vert. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor April 12.099 infantry. A ruling chief. The tribe takes its name from Bhati. JAIPUR. gules. — A kuchnar tree proper. and undoubtedly boasting a lineage hardly less ancient than that of the great Maharana of Udaipur himself.

d. founded the city of Jaisalmir. and then sword in hand sallied forth to die amid the slaughtered heaps of the foe. Finally. not long after it had been repaired by the Rawal Dudu.. in 1294 a. chiefly Hindus. Outlying provinces were subsequently wrested from them by the neighbouring States of Jodhpur and Bikanir. The area of Jaisalmir is 16. and has enjoyed the blessings of peace. succeeded to the gadi in 1864.d. and he founded the city of Deorawal. about the year 1156 a.d. the Rawal Jaisal. the State came under the protection and control of the British Power. but is larger than either. after a siege that had lasted eight years. born in 836 a.d. when Mulraj II. having slain all their women and children.447 square miles.. was Rawal. and he was succeeded in 1891 by the present Maharawal. Again a similar disaster befell the city in 1306 a. his younger brother. put on the saffron robe. its population about 109.000 Muhammadans. Deoraj. One of his descendants. till at length in 1818. in the reign of the Rawal Sabal Singh.. On the death of the Rawal Ranjit Singh. under the rule of the Rawal Mulraj. the brave Bhattis were compelled to become feudatories of the Emperor Shah Jahan. bound the mor or nuptial crown on their heads. cased themselves in armour.has ever since inhabited. His . was the first to take the title of Rawal. Jaisalmir was captured and sacked by the Moslem troops of the Emperor Ala-ud-din. but including about 28. In extent it may be compared with Switzerland or Holland.000. and this was the occasion of one of the great Sakas so famous in Rajput history— when Mulraj and his warriors. the late Maharawal Bairi Sal. and built a strong fort there. More than a century later.

JAISINGHNAGAR. JAISINGH RAO ANGRIA. Shams-ulUlama. JALAM SINGH (of Amoda). on June 3. Rao of See Ganpat Rao . Khan Bahadur. on January 2. Received the CLE. Baluchistan. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 113 the late Eawat Lakshmi Singh of Amoda. and the present Rawat succeeded to the title and estates on the death of his father. descended from Jet Singh. for eminence in oriental learning. An Extra Assistant Commissioner in Baluchistan. JALAL-UD-DIN. Nimar. JALAL-UD-DIN KHAN. The title was conferred. as a personal distinction. Residence : Baroda. on January 1. 1891. Residence: Fatwa and Patna. . 1899. Thdkur of. JAKHNODA. Rdwat. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur.Kazi. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Residence: Amoda. 1889. CLE. Central .Highness maintains a military force of 140 cavalry. Residence : Jaisalmir. and was conferred on May 24. 1893. Maulavi. Rajputana. and 25 guns. The title is personal. See Jiwan Singh. Belongs to a Tuar Rajput family. also Govind Rao . Rao Bahadur. The title is hereditary. 353 infantry. Bengal. Residence : Quetta. also Ramchand Rao.

descended from Sardar Sukha Singh. The title is personal. and was conferred on January 1. Bombay. Madras. The title is hereditary. Kathiawar. JAMIAT SINGH (of Ghoriwaha). Residence : Lahore. Mir. Sardar. father of the present Sardar. See Bamanji. Rai Saheb. Baluchistan. The area of the State is about 36 square miles . Sind. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor December 31. who in 1759 established his power at Ghoriwaha in the Hoshiarpur district. The family subsequently fell under the power of Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. The title is personal. its population 2383. the Sardar being of a Jat family. Bamanji. The Talukdar maintains a military force of 4 cavalry and 35 infantry. 1898. Residence : Ho- . 1852. Punjab. Sukha Singh's grandson was the Sardar Partab Singh. 1868. Karanguli. A ruling chief . Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family.1892. JAIIA DEVANI. The title is hereditary. Diwan. JAM KHAN walad MUHAMMAD KHAN. JAMBULINGAM MUDALIYAR. Residence : Bolan Pass. Khan Bahadur. Fakir Sayyid. for services in the Bolan Pass. JAMAL-UD-DIN. Residence: Cuddapah. Rao Bahadur. JAMIAT RAI. Received the title on January 1. Dastur.Provinces. and was conferred on January 1. JAMASPJI. 1892. b. Residence : Hyderabad. CLE. Residence : Jalia Devani. Tdlukdcirof. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs who were Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Jareja Mansinghji. chiefly Hindus.

the founder of the dynasty. JAMMU AND KASHMIR. and a grandson of the Mian Jorawar Singh. 1840. Belongs to a Dogra or Jamwal Rajput family (Hindu) of ancient lineage.. Punjab. The area of his State is 492 square miles . who conferred on him the principality of Jammu.S.I. The Maharaja Ghulab Singh was the great-grandson of the Raja Dharabdeo .C. A ruling chief. concluded after the close of the first Sikh war. Chief of. G. and grandson of the late Maharaja Ghulab Singh. Maharaja of. Belongs to a Br&amp. At the outbreak of the first Sikh war he had been elected Minister of the . its population is 83. Ram Chandra Rao Gopal. Succeeded to the gadi September 12. . JAMKHANDI. He began life as a cavalry soldier. The Chief of Jamkhandi also bears the name of Appa Saheb Patwardhan.I. claiming descent from that of the former Rajas of Jammu.hman (Hindu) family. Is the son of the late Maharaja Ranbhir Singh.S. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor November 18. 1834. but including 7628 Muhammadans.shiarpur.917. Southern Mahratta Country. The Chief maintains a military force of 52 cavalry. who was constituted Feudatory Chief of the hill-territories east of the Indus and west of the Ravi (with certain specified exceptions) by the treaty of March 1846. A ruling chief. chiefly Hindus. Bombay. 943 infantry. MajorGeneral His Highness Sir Partab Singh Indar Mahindar Bahadur Sipari-Saltanat. G. b. b. and became a trusted officer under Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. and 1 gun. who was a brother of Raja Ranjit Deo. 1885. Residence : Jamkhandi. 1850.C.

500. including nearly a million Muhammadans. and its population is about 1. The Maharaja died on September 12. In the Mutiny of 1857 he rendered excellent service. He had the distinguished honour of receiving His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales at Jammu in 1876. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. and after the battle of Sobraon he negotiated a separate treaty with the British Power. and did good service in connection with the British Mission to Yarkand.. He died in August 1857. and sent a contingent to Delhi. by which he acquired the Feudal Chiefship of Jammu and Kashmir on payment of a sum of 75 lakhs of rupees. 1885. In point of area. G. the present Maharaja. the late Maharaja Ranbhir Singh. by the addition of 2 guns as a personal distinction. and was succeeded by his third and only surviving son.C. the .000 Buddhists.I. about half-amillion Hindus. I 114 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA he was gazetted a General in the Army and created a Councillor of the Empress. who was a munificent patron of learning. and over 20. who was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on May 25. 1892.Khalsa. he also had his salute raised to 21 guns. and was succeeded by his eldest son.S. The area of his State is 79.000. and was one of the most conspicuous Sikh leaders .784 square miles. In January 1877.

Bengal. see also Jam shed ji. Received the title on . A ruling chief. 1883. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 1855. Khan Saheb. Maulavi. Central India. and is entitled to a salute of 21 guns within the limits of the State. Punjab. a famous Bhumia of Jamnia.State is more than double the combined area of Bavaria and Saxony. JAMSHEDJI H0RMASJI MASTER. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Bombay. JAMNIA. and equal to that of any three or four of the smaller European kingdoms put together. Belongs to a Bhilala family — the Bhilalas being reputed to spring from the intermarriage of Rajputs and Bhils. Kashmir. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Bombay. His Highness maintains a military force of about 8000 cavalry and infantry. Residence: Police Department. Bhopawar. The title is personal. JAMSHEDJI FRAMJI PALKIWALA. JAMRAT HUSAIN KHAN. and was conferred on January 1. Residence: Srinagar. Succeeded to the gadi in 1863 as a minor. The title is personal. JAMSETJI. Residence: Kunjrod. JAMSHEDJI DHANJIBHAI WADIA. See Jejeebhoy. and was conferred on May 24. The founder of the family was Nadir Singh. Jamnia. 1899. 1877. Khan Bahadur. and to one of 19 guns in the rest of India. and Jammu. Received the title on June 3. and 288 guns. Bhumia Hamir Singh. b. Bhumia of.

the Rani being the last surviving Rani of the late Raja Narayan Singh of Sambalpur. 1893. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs who were Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Malik. JAN KHAN. east. Khan Bahadur. Central Pro- . Residence : Mhow. Khan Saheb. Residence: Sind.). The Rani uses this device on her seal. and left it to his elder son Raja Hirda Narayan. 1881. JAN MUHAMMAD NASIR-UD-DIN KHAN. Residence: Karachi. The title is personal. and west. Residence: Sambalpur. The title was conferred on June 3. Khan Saheb.May 21. 1898. 1893. Residence : Bombay. Balram Das Chauhan conquered Sambalpur about the year 1445 . Residence: Medical Department. south. The Chauhan device is the chakra — a circle with four tridents (trisul) as radii. Bombay. JAMSHEDJI RUSTAMJI. Received the title on June 3. India. Rani. Mir. and for signature.v. 1899. JANAK PRIYA. Central India. The title is hereditary. Sind. The Rajas of Sambalpur were Chauhan Rajputs of very ancient lineage. The title is hereditary. Residence: Shahpur. Khan Bahadur. Punjab. and was conferred on August 18. The title is personal. JAN MUHAMMAD WALI All MUHAMMAD KHAN. and was conferred on June 3. while his younger son became Raja of Sonpur (q. pointing north. JAMSHEDJI RUSTAMJI.

Residence: Rangpur.I. in 1847. 1879. descended from Rasul Khan. For his performance of this duty he received the grant of Nanpara. The title was conferred on January 1. Togh Pathan. The title was conferred " for liberality and public spirit. 1863. CLE. the wife of Prince Dara. JANARDAN SINGH. 1896. and the Raja succeeded his father.E. born 1870. Rai Bahadur. the late Raja Munawar Ali Khan. In 1763 his descendant Karam Khan of Nanpara obtained the title of Raja from the Nawab Shuja-ud-daula." on January 1. Raja. b. Oudh. . A ruling prince . who in 1632 sent him to Salonabad to coerce the Banjaras who had overrun the THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 115 jagir of Salona Begam. 1891. The present Raja was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire in 1886. Belongs to a Pathan family. (of Nanpara). 1845. Nawab Sir Sidi Ahmad Khan Sidi Ibrahim Khan. Raja.C.. b.JANAKIBALLABH SEN (of Mahiganj). JANJIRA. He is an Honorary Magistrate . Succeeded to the gadi January 28. and has a son and heir named Muhammad Sadiq Khan. JANG BAHADUR KHAN. Nawab of. Residence: Madras. Bengal. Residence : Bahraich. a Risaldar in the service of the Emperor Shah Jahan. The title is hereditary. K.

JANJIT. The Nawab maintains a military force of 310 infantry and 179 guns. JANKI KTJNWAR (of Paraspur). and it was recognized as hereditary in favour of the late Raja. on June 16. named Newal Singh. Raja Randhir Singh. Residence : Sagar. The Mahrattas often tried to conquer the island of Janjira . chiefly Hindus. Bombay. The Rani's son and heir is Bikramajit Singh. A descendant. its population is 76. but including 13.361.. obtained the title of Raja while on a visit to the Court at Delhi . who in 1670 transferred their allegiance to the Emperor of Delhi. the Rani succeeded her late husband. through Maharaj Singh. 1839. Aurangzeb. famous for their turbulence in the times before the annexation of Oudh. They claim descent from the Kalhans Rajas of Khurasa. He was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. The Nawab is also Chief of Jafarabad. The family were Abyssinian admirals of the fleet of the Muhammadan kings of Bij&amp. Rani: !&gt. Randhir Singh. The title is hereditary . Central Provinces. a small State in Kathiawar. Residence: Janjira. . Gonda. The area of the State is 324 square miles . Oudh. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. Residence: Paraspur. Kolaba.912 Muhammadans. 1895. The head of the family is the chief of the six Thakurs of Chhedwara. claiming descent from Sidi Sarul Khan.Belongs to an Abyssinian family of Sunni Muhammadans. alias NANBI RAJA (of Darri). Sawai.pur. but were always successfully resisted. second son of Achal Narayan Singh. 1878. The title is hereditary.

Residence : Bengal. Residence: Punjab. Received the title on January 2. 15 guns. Central India. Central Provinces. Residence : Datia. The State. Received the title on June 3. Nawab Ghafur Khan. chiefly Hindus. JANKI PARSHAD. Nawab of. Residence : Rajputana-Malwa Railway. and a population of 119. 1898. Pandit. Rai Bahadur. Kamdar (of Datia). JANNAT HUSAIN KHAN. Succeeded to the gadi April 30. Pandit. Rai Bahadur. Rao Bahadur. whom he represented at Holkar's Court. 1899. 177 infantry. The present Nawab has been appointed an Honorary Major in the British Army.JANKI NATH. His Highness maintains a military force of 63 cavalry. JANKI PERSHAD. Major His Highness IhtishamUd-Daula Nawab Muhammad Ismail Khan Bahadur Firoz Jang. an Afghan of the Swati tribe. descended from Nawab Ghafur Khan. has an area of 581 square miles . Is an Extra Assistant Commissioner in the Punjab. was confirmed by the British Government. The title is hereditary. After the battle of Mehidpur. A ruling chief. 1898. and. Belongs to a Pathan (Muhammadan) family. brother-in-law of the famous Amir Khan of Tonk. JAORA. Khan Bahadur. Jaora. Maulavi. as a minor. b. Thdkur. . but including 13.318 Muhammadans and over 2000 Jains.945. 1899. being in possession of this territory as a grant from Holkar. and is entitled to a salute of 13 guns.the capital of the State. which is feudatory to Indore. The title was conferred on January 1. 1865. Residence : Sagar. Received the title on May 21. 1855. JANKI PARSHAD (of Pamakheri).

its population is 90. Succeeded to the gadi in 1852. The Raja has a military force of 2 guns. 1890. chiefly Hindus. Rdjd of A ruling chief.I. JASHPUR. Residence: Jaora. contains an area of 116 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 283 square miles. chiefly Hindus. on June 22. Bombay. Rendered good service in the military operations in 1857 against the mutineers and rebels in Udaipur and Palamau. which is tributary to Baroda and Junagarh. Belongs to a Kathi (Hindu) family. Chief of.037. Khachar Ala Chela. Belongs to a Kshatriya (Rajput) family.S. and 5 guns. Succeeded to the gadi October 24. The Nawab has a son and heir named Muhammad Sher Ali Khan. May 21. b. 354 infantry.is a station on the Rajputana-Malwa railway. that came under British control in 1818. The State. . Kathiawar. Raja Pratap Narayan Singh Deo Bahadur. b. Bengal. Central India. Chota Nagpur. The area of the State is 1947 square miles. 1897. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. A ruling chief... who was created a C.T. C. 1822. formerly feudatories of the Mahrattas of Ndgpur. CLE.240. JASDAN. Residence : Jasdan. 1833. The Chief. Malwa. 1845. Residence : Jashpur.S. maintains a military force of 60 cavalry. and a population of 29.

Ambala. Belongs to a Jat family. JAS0.d. 1848. and again in the Mutiny of 1857. Bundelkhand. descended from the founder of the Orchha State that has given ruling families to Panna. During the Sikh rebellion of 1848-49. Diwan Murat Singh. Bhartichand. Jagirdar. Punjab. Charkhdri. at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. this family rendered good service to Government. Residence : Thol Thangor. and his great-grandson. and were rewarded for the latter service. b. On the death of Sardar Jawahir Singh he was succeeded by his two sons. Diwan Jagatraj.000. was the fourth son of the Maharaja Chhatrasal. and 4 guns. Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput family. who acquired the territory of Thol Thangor. descended from Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh. Succeeded to the gadi July 7. the present Sardars— Kishan Singh and Jasmer Singh of Thol Thangor. Datia. The Sardar Jasmer Singh has two sons— Ram Narayan Singh (born 1863) and Sheo Narayan Singh. 60 infantry. Diwdn of A ruling chief. received a sanad from the British Government in 1816. Sardar. b. Central India. the founder of the Jaso State. Residence : Jaso. The title is hereditary. The Diwan Bhopal Singh received the additional title of Bahadur as a personal distinction. chiefly Hindus. The Diwdn maintains a military force of 2 horsemen. in the Ambala district of the Punjab.JASMER SINGH. 1889. The area of the State is 75 square miles. by conquest in 1759 a. and most of the other States of Bundelkhand . 1860. . Ajaigarh. its population over 80.

85. b. father of the present Raja. Nurpur is a hill principality to the west of Guler. Sardar Charat Singh. but being compelled to take refuge in Chamba. Rai BaJuidur. Bhagirthibai. The Daphle is also Chief of Kardsgi . on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. about the year 1640 a. Rdjd. The Raja belongs to a Rajput family. and established himself at Pathankot. A ruling chief . was Raja of Nurpur. and will revert to it on the demise of the three widows of the late Chief.000 . He endeavoured to resist Ranjit Singh . Punjab.d. died in 1841 without issue.JASWANT RAI. i. The late Jagirdar. Subsequently the family removed to the hills . 1836. The title is hereditary. Punjab. Residence : Shahpur. He was succeeded by the present Rdjd. 1835. as a minor. JASWANT SINGH (of Nurpur). Belongs to a Mahratta (Hindu) family. for Rs. in consideration of eminent services in the Army Medical Department. Amritrao Rao Saheb Daphle. The title is personal. Rdmrao. Residence: Nurpur. and Nurpur became their capital in the time of Raja Basu. At the time of the conquests of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. and imprisoned in the fortress of Gobindgarh. Subsequently he was ransomed by his brother-in-law. who came from Delhi about 700 years ago. Kdngra. 1887. Jagirdar of. 1841. descended from Jit Pal. Raja Bir. and died before its walls. . and was conferred on February 16. who has received a large grant from the British Government. and in 1846 raised the standard of revolt. JATH. whereon his widow. the present Jdgirdar. adopted Amritrao. was given up by the Raja of Chamba. Succeeded to the gadi July 28. besieged Nurpur. and the jdgir of Daphldpur (or Dafldpur) is also really a part of this State.

Residence: Azamgarh. . Succeeded to the gadi in 1882. The title is personal. 1856. b. having been originally granted by the Raja Mori Pahlodh of Chanderi. hut including 2842 Muhammadans. JAWAHIR LAL. 1890. chiefly Hindus. Residence : Jath. b. Residence: Jawasia. The population of the State is about 607. JAWASIA. Residence: Jalaun.491. The title was conferred on January 1. Rai Saheb. and was conferred on May 20. Bijapur. 1898. The area of the State is 884 square miles . Residence: Jhamari. JAWAHIR LAL. 1858. Pandit. b. of Daflapur village. NorthWestern Provinces. Rdwat of. Lala. or headman. 1845. JAWAHIR SINGH (of Garhwal).THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 117 The founder of the Jath State was the hereditary pat el. A ruling chief . Sagar. Rai Bahadur. Rao. JAWAHIR SINGH (of Jhamari). chiefly Hindus. Central India. Bomhay. and subsequently confirmed under British rule. Western Malwa. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. North-Western Provinces. The title was conferred on May 26. Central Provinces. Rai Bahadur . The title is hereditary. Is a Deputy-Collector. Rawat Lai Singh. its population is 49. 1894. Residence : India.

descended from Jaya Mukni. Patangshah Vikramshah Mukni. b. Residence : Ahmadabad. The title was conferred on May 25. 1895. Succeeded to the gadi June 29. as a minor. Residence: Jawhdr.S. Is a merchant of the city of Bombay. March 3. Nim Shah. JEJEEBHOY. 1855. barbed. Bombay. His son. the late Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. obtained the title of Raja from the Emperor of Delhi in the year 1341. when (in accordance with the special Act of the Indian Legislature of 1860) he assumed the name of Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy in lieu of Manekjee Cursetjee. Khan Bahadur. The family cognizance is an arrow. Sir Jamsetjee. Belongs to a family that has long been regarded as the leaders of the Parsi community . a Magistrate and Member of the Legislative Council of Bombay. and a population of 48. a descendant of Raja Krishna Shah. The Raja maintains a military force of 8 cavalry and 25 infantry. and his widow. 1851. second Baronet. and has been created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. CLE. b. . JEHANGIR PESTANJI VAKIL. A ruling chief . See Pestanji. Bombay. Belongs to a Koli (Hindu) family. point downward. in 1877. Is the third Baronet . Th&amp. a freebooter who possessed himself of this territory about 1335. The late Raja Yikramshah died in 1865 .JAWHAR. Succeeded his father. Baronet. 1866. The State has an area of 534 square miles.I. who was then called Malhar Rao. adopted the present Raja. Raja of. C. Pestanji. the Rani Lakshmibai Saheb. chiefly Hindus.na. ninth Raja of Jawhar.556. son of Madhavrao Dewrao Mukni. JEHANGIR.

The family arms are azure. In 1860. also earned a similar reputation for benevolence and liberality. was so created in 1857. in 1869. referred to above. His very great wealth was used in promoting the good of others . Succeeded to the gadi September . and the second Baronet. and public spirit. and in the beak an ear of wheat. who died in 1877. of Bombay. 1852. The crest is a mount vert. shall relinquish their own names and assume those of the first Baronet. Bombay. married. all proper. 1882. daughter of Shapurji Dhanjibhai. born November 25. in recognition of his unbounded munificence. Cursetjee. Awabai Shapurji Dhanjibhai.C. 1878. and (2) Jamsetjee Cursetjee. thereon a peacock amidst wheat. married Jerbai. a sun rising above a representation of the Ghats (mountains near Bombay) in base. born 1860. the special Act of the Indian Legislature. K. on succeeding to it.. Residence : Mazagon Castle. A ruling chief. The present Baronet. Azam Vala Lakshman Meran. all proper. Esq.of Western India. Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. Sir Jamsetjee's brothers are: (1) Cowasjee Cursetjee. Tdlukdur of. 118 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 1849. and in chief two bees volant. Gulbai Rustamji Wadia .born November 11. in 1869. and has a son and heir.B. . enacting that all future holders of the title. married. JETPUR. was passed with the sanction of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The first Baronet. b. and of his undoubted loyalty.

A ruling chief . Residence: Jetpur. Jointly rules Jetpur with vseveral other Talukdars. . Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi September 1. 1890. Bombay. His Highness Raja Gopal Singh. and 4 guns . The title of Raja was bestowed on Kishan Das. Succeeded to the gadi June 14. succeeded to the gadi as a minor in October 1841. and a population of 92. 253 infantry. JHABUA.938. See Dukha Mochin Jha. The Raja maintains a military force of 64 cavalry. as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal. JETPUR. Kathiawar. b. Tdlukddr of. Kathiawar. the Emperor of Delhi.000 belonging to the aboriginal Bhil and other tribes. 1865. Kathiawar. Is joint-Talukdar of Jetpur with several others. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. The State flag is red. which was at one time tributary to Indore. Bhopawar. 1799. 1847. A ruling chief . who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. Tdlnkddrof. . 1883. Central India. b. b. chiefly Hindus. The State is tributary to Baroda and Junagarh. Residence: Jetpur. Bombay. Idar. The State. JHA. Azam Vala Surag Ganga. Joint-Talukdar of Jetpur With several others. by Ala-uddin.17. a remote ancestor of the present Raja. and for punishing the Bhil Chiefs of Jhabua. Bombay. JETPUR. Residence: Jhabua.A ruling chief. February 22. Residence: Jetpur. Belongs to the great Rathor Rajput family of the Maharajas of Jodhpur. 1841 . but including nearly 50. etc. Azam Vala Naja KalaDeodan. has an area of 1336 square miles .

A ruling chief . with the consent of the Maharaja and of the British Government. 3873 infantry. a portion of the State of Kotah was cut off. a younger son of the Chief of Halwad in Kathiawar. Bahadur. Mahdrdj Rand of. Succeeded to the gadi May 22. the present Maharaj Rana. took some retainers with him and went to Delhi. Thdkur of. Rajputana. His Highness Maharaj Rana 2alim Singh. his sister was married to the heir. His son. and a population of 340. The State has an area of 2694 square miles. b. son of Zalim Singh. His son Madhu Singh rose to high favour and rank in the service of tbe Mah£ra. as a minor. and was succeeded in 1876 by his adopted son.JHALARIA.d. and was invested with full powers of government on attaining his majority in 1884. and 94 guns. 1884. chiefly Hindus. b. Thakur Hatte Singh. Madan Singh. who had long been the successful administrator of Kotah. but including 20. His Highness was educated at Mayo College. Residence : Jhalra Patan. Ultimately. Is a Chief of the Jhala Rajputs. as a minor. and his descendants thus acquired the title of Mama ("maternal uncle") in Kotah. 1876. A ruling chief . In 1709 a.488. Ajmir . Thdkur of. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Prithi Singh. did good service during the Mutiny . See Jhalera. Madan Singh received the title of Maharaj Rana. and erected into the State of Jhala war. 1858.863 Muhammadans. Bhao Singh.ja of Kotah . Succeeded to the gadi June 24. whose ancestors came from Jhala war in Kathiawar. 1864. . His Highness maintains a military force of 403 cavalry. in 1838. JHALERA. JHALAWAR. under one of Madhu Singh's descendants.

The State (which is one of the Dang States of Khandesh) has an area of 8 square miles. Residence : Jhalera. Rao of. Rao of. 1871. 1893. chiefly Bhils. one of the sons of the great Maharaja Chhatarsal. 1860. The founder of Jigni was the Rao Padam Singh. JIGNI. descended from the founder of the Orchha. which has given ruling families to Panna. Charkhari. Ajaigarh. connected with Gwalior. Residence: Meiktila. See Jwala Singh. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor September 16. Subadar-Major. b. Residence: Jhari Gharkhadi. b.This is a Girdsia State. Khandesh. Burma. Bombay. JHARAULI. See Kaliyan Singh. JHAMARI. A ruling chief. JHAMAR0. . See Jawahir. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 119 State. Rao of. JHANDA SINGH. Jaso. * JHARI GHARKHADI. A ruling chief. Central India. 1850. Naik Sukrona loalad Chambarya Reshma. Bhopal. Datia. Chief of. The title was conferred on June 3. and most of the States of Bundelkhand. Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family. Rai Bahddur. Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput family. Rao Lakshman Singh Bahadur. Sarddr Bahddur of. and a population of 167.

and he and his troops took a prominent part in the siege and capture of the city. He died in 1864. His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-ul-itikad Daulat-i-Inglishia Raja-i-Rajagan Raja Ranbhir Singh Bahadur. and was succeeded by his son.d. The area of the State is 22 square miles. His grandson hy adoption (being adopted from the kindred ruling family of Panna) is the present Rao. Raja Bhag Singh. descended from Phul. the Raj 4 Ragbir Singh. obtained the title of Raja of Jind from Shah Alam. and . A great-grandson of Phul. the head of the Jadu Bhati Rajputs. b. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor March 7. the common ancestor of the ruling families of Patiala. named Gajpat Singh. A ruling chief . Residence : Jigni. Central India. Belongs to the famous Phulkian family of Sidhu Jats. Nabha. who was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India . The Rao Bahadur maintains a military force of 47 infantry and 3 guns. 1878. JIND. Jind. its population is 3427. who received the additional title of Bahadur at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi. Rdjd Bahadur of. and was accordingly confirmed by the British Government in his possessions. aided Lord Lake in his pursuit of Holkar in 1805. for which services he received large extensions of his territory. and other Punjab States. Bundelkhand. Emperor of Delhi in 1772. chiefly Hindus. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 1887. In 1857 Raja Sarup Singh of Jind was the first to march against the mutineers of Delhi . who founded Jaisalmar in 1156 a.His great-grandson was the Rao Prithi Singh. His son. Phul was twenty-ninth in descent from the Rawal Jaisal Singh. who received a sanad from the British Government in 1810.

The area of his State is 1259 square miles .247 Muhammadans and 4335 Sikhs. JIT SINGH (of Maheru). and 12 guns. Sarddr. he was appointed a Councillor of the Empress. who took possession of Maheru at the time of the decline of the Mughal power. Punjab. chiefly Hindus. two brothers. Sardar Charat Singh of Maheru made his submission to him. But on his death. these were resumed with the exception of Maheru. . In 1799 a. and the succession of Sardar Jaimal Singh. Belongs to a Jat family. JITMAN GURANG. His Highness maintains a military force of 379 cavalry. January 1. Residence: Shikarpur. Sardar Jawahir Singh. when the Maharaja Ranjit Singh became all-powerful in the Punjab.d. descended from Sardar Ramdas Singh and Sardar Gurdas Singh. The title is hereditary. Jalandhar. 1571 infantry. and on his death was succeeded by the present Sardar. succeeded. Residence: Maheru. The Sarddr Jaimal Singh did good service in the time of the Mutiny in 1857. JIND WADO walad AMIR ALI KHAN. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. and retained his possessions. and was confirmed in eleven villages. Residence : Jind. The present Raja succeeded in 1887.862. Punjab.at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. Sind. 1877. His son. Mir.. Subadar-Major. but including 34. and its population is 249. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The title is hereditary.

(of Shahzadpur). The title was conferred on May 25. i who fell in a battle with the Governor of Jalandhar. Assam. His successor was Sardar Karam Singh. Shamsul-Ulama. . who took possession of some territory in the Singhpura district. 1895.I. Residence : Shillong. b. A large number of Sikhs assembled around Dip Singh. The title is hereditary. Shahid. and has always been known among the Sikhs as " Shahid. which was the retreat of the Guru Govind Singh. after his defeat by the Imperial army of Delhi. C. descended from Sarddr Dip Singh. and was rewarded by Government." or the Martyr. who was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on January 1. with the other Cis-Sutlej territories. and his son is the present Sardar.S. JIWAN SINGH." or resting-place. Residence : Bombay. The title was conferred for eminence in oriental learning on June 3. Dip ] Singh was succeeded by Sudha Singh. which became a family name. Sardar Sheo Kirpal Singh. who was the Mahant of the " Damdama Saheb. the tenth and last Sikh Guru. 1893. 1860. JIVANJI JAMSHEDJI MODI. did good service in the time of the Mutiny of 1857. Belongs to a Jat (Sindhu) family. Sarddr. which. came under British control in 1808-9. who was ultimately slain in a battle 120 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA with the Governor of Lahore.Rai Bahadur.

His great-grandson was the famous Sardar Sham Singh. 1889. The latter is the eldest son of the late Sardar Thakur Singh. whose daughter was betrothed to the Prince Nau Nihal Singh. 1835. He died without issue in 1872. 1894. JIWAN SINGH. The 132 square miles . Belongs to a Sidhu Jat (Rajput) family. . and his estates were allowed to devolve on Sardar Ajit Singh. chiefly Hindus.1891. but being reproached with his inaction he joined the camp. Belongs to the Rahtor tribe of Rajputs (Hindu) . mountains. Rao Bahadur. 1890. and a younger brother of the Sirdar Jiwan Singh. occupies a fort picturesquely situated on the summit of a steep rocky hill. Sardar Sham Singh disapproved of the war. Thakur (of Jakhnoda). b. JTWAN SINGH (of Atari). The title is personal. The title is hereditary. Bana Indarjit Singh. Residence : Alirajpur. Ambala. and of Jobat. Residence: Shahzadpur. Sardar. grandson of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. His sons were Sardar Thakur Singh and Sardar Kanh Singh. Rand of. and was conferred on May 20. Punjab. Residence: Atari. Amritsar. Punjab. shut in on three sides by forest-clad overlooking the town area of the State is its population 9387. named Partab Singh and Changa Singh. b. as a minor. When the Sikh army invaded the Cis-Sutlej territory. and fell in battle in 1846. A ruling chief . JOB AT. and after the annexation much of the family estate was confirmed to the latter. Succeeded to the gadi on August 14. son of Sardar Thakur Singh. descended from Kanh Chand. Central India. He has two sons.

1870. The title is hereditary. and present a . and. 1838.but including 3916 belonging to Bhil and other aboriginal tribes. JODHA SINHA (of Kakhauta). representing the royal line of the Surya Vansa or Solar race.r Singh Bahadur. a series of splendid deeds which time cannot obliterate has emblazoned the Rahtor name on the historical tablet. He has a son and heir. claiming direct descent from the legendary hero Rama. born February 27.Western Provinces. Residence: Kakhauta. says of the family of the Jodhpur Maharaja — " It requires neither Bhat nor Bard to illustrate its nobility . "the land of death. The Rana maintains a military force of 5 cavalry and 44 infantry." a term applied formerly not only to the country of Marwar. J0DHPUR. like the Sesodias of Udaipur and the Kachhwahas of Jaipur. MaMrdjd of. North.. is Marwar — anciently Marusthdn. but to the whole of the great Indian Desert from the Sutlej to the Indian Ocean. Where all these races have gained a place in the Temple of Fame it is almost invidious to select. named Lala Guman Singh. the capital of which is Jodhpur (from the name of its founder). 1895. Rao. The Rao belougs to an old Sengar family. 1880. Bhopawar. Tod. who settled in Pargand Auraiya in Etawah. Is the Chief of the great Rahtor tribe or clan of the Rajputs. Etawah. in his learned Aninah of Rdjdsthdn. Central India.CjS. Succeeded to the gadi October 24. b. The proper name of the State. b. G. Residence: Jobat. A ruling chief. but truth compels me to place the Rahtor with the Chauhan on the very pinnacle.I. His Highness Raj Rajeshwar Maharaj-Adniraj Sard&amp." In Tod's work the Annals of J f dried r occupy a place only second to those of Me war (or Udaipur).

and the other THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 121 Princes of this territory — are nobles of high account and great local power. was conquered by Rao Chanda. succeeded to the gadi of Jodhpur. about the year 1382 a. After resisting the Emperor Babar. Raja Sur Singh. the Maharajas of Jodhpur and Jaipur. migrated westward to Marwar.d. and was the general of Akbar's troops who added Gujarat and the Deccan to the Mughal Empire. His grandson Jodh. Raja Jaswant Singh. and the Afghan Sher Shah. When Udai Singh's son. became the consort of the Mughal monarch. and ultimately Udai Singh's sister. and elsewhere. the famous Jodh Bai. Scions of the family became rulers of Bikanir and Kishangarh in Raj pu tana. the eldest of twenty-four sons of Kinmal.d. The famous Jai Chand was the last King of Kanauj. he rose to high favour with his Imperial uncle. Sivaji. Jodh ultimately had to submit to the Great Mughal.most interesting view of feudalism in India. of Idar and Ahmadnagar in Gujarat. Up to 1194 a. and his grandson. Mandor. moved the capital from Mandor to Jodhpur 1459 a. Even to the present day the feudal Thakurs of Rajputana — feudatories of their Highnesses the Maharana of Udaipur. His son. who was tenth in descent from Sivaji. the ancient capital of Marwar. and sent his son Udai Singh to take service at Delhi . Akbar.d. was the general whom the Emperor . the Rahtor family were rulers of the vast Empire of Kanauj.

a descendant of A jit Singh. elected Takht Singh. and plundered and utterly exhausted both States in turn. Raja Man Singh died in 1843. It was to the effect that the Jodhpur and Jaipur families. and by a treaty in 1818 Jodhpur became a feudatory of the Paramount Power. should recover this privilege. the famous Ajit Singh. At last the British Government intervened. and ordered the conversion of the Rajputs to Muhammadanism. Amir Khan. There was a long war between the Rajas of Jaipur and Jodhpur. and the nobles and Court officials. to the vacant ^as/t . with the consent of the British Government. In his time Aurangzeb in person attacked Rajputana.Shah Jahan sent against his rebellious son Aurangzeb. who were rival suitors for the hand of a Princess of Udaipur. The successor of Jaswant Singh was a posthumous son. then with Jodhpur. One stipulation of this league is famous. and the combined forces of the three great Rajput States held in check the armies of Aurangzeb. But Ajit Singh formed a league with Udaipur and Jaipur. took sides. and heavy troubles thereafter befell the Rahtor family. Raja of Ahmadnagar. the great Pindari leafier (afterwards Nawab of Tonk). on condition that the issue of any marriage with an Udaipur Princess should succeed to the Raj before all other children. leaving no son. first with Jaipur. sacked Jodhpur. The Raja Takht Singh did good service . and was defeated by the latter. and was disastrous to Jodhpur and Jaipur by reason of the domestic feuds it caused. who had lost the privilege of marrying Princesses of Udaipur because they had given their own daughters to the Mughal Emperors. Ajit Singh was murdered by his son Bakht Singh.

3653 infantry. The arms of His Highness were displayed on the banner presented to his predecessor by the Empress of India at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi in January 1877. In point of extent the Jodhpur State is larger than any of the smaller European States. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign.403.750. The area of his State is 37. its population is 1. in population it surpasses the Grand Duchy of Baden. and was succeeded by the late Maharaja Sir Jaswant Singh.. who was subsequently created a Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. that of G. the sacred garur of the Solar Rajputs. and is somewhat larger than Bavaria and Saxony combined. was conferred on the present Maharaja on June 22. Rajputana. The title is personal. J0GESH CHANDRA CHATTARJI (of Annliya.C.during the Mutiny of 1857. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress. The same exalted dignity. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 3162 cavalry.000 square miles . and 121 guns. Residence: Assam. and is entitled to a salute of 21 guns ('including 4 guns personal). Ranaghat. and was conferred on February 16. 122 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA .000 Muhammadans and about 172. Rexidemce : Jodhpur.). 1887.I. The family cognizance is the falcon. Rai Bahddmr. 1897. He died in 1873. chiefly Hindus. but including about 155.000 Jains.S.

See Diwan. and was conferred on January 1. Sir. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence: Maimansingh. 1893. Bengal. Mahdrdjd Bahddur. The Kumar is the son of the late Raja Anandanath Rai Bahddur. The title is personal. See Tagore. Rai Saheh.S. Bengal. Rai Bahddur. K. 1899. as the eldest surviving son of a Raja. 1897. JOGINDRA NATH MITTRA. Diwan. JOGINDRA KISHOR RAI CHANDHRI. Residence: Cuttack. JOTINDRA KRISHNA DEB. The title is personal. The Kumar holds this title as a personal distinction.I. Residence : Calcutta. Rai Bahadur.I. Diwan Bahddur. 1895. The title is personal. Residence: . Residence : Bengal. JOWAHIR MAL. The title was conferred on June 22. Punjab. on January 1. and was conferred on June 3. Residence: Rajshahi.S. JOY GOBIND LAW. CLE.JOGESHWAR CHANDRA CHANDRA. JOGINDRA CHANDRA MITTRA. JORA MAL. Residence : Delhi. The title is personal. JOGINDRA NATH RAI (of Nator). and was conferred on May 25. Bengal. Bengal. Kumar. JOTINDRA MOHAN TAGOR. C. 1895.C. Bengal. Kumar. 1892. Rai Bahddur. Created a CLE. Rai Bahddur. Residence : Calcutta.

received a sanad from Lord Lake in 1815. The Rana maintains a military force of 50 infantry. ceived the title on January 1. and the Rana. Created a Companion . Rana Karm Chand. JUBBAL. Rand of. Rai Saheb. 1861. Oudh. After great vicissitudes of fortune. b. The title was conferred on May 21. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor March 17. A ruling chief. Residence : Gwalior. CLE. Lala&gt. 1877. JUGAL KISHOR. The area of the State is 257 square miles . JUJHAR SINGH JU DEO. Punjab. 1898. Originally tributary to Sirmur. Is district engineer of Hardoi. Rai Bahddur. its population is 19. JUGAL KISHOR. Simla Hills. Puran Singh. The Jatter died in 1877. 1898. Residence: Hardoi. Puran Singh (who had given up his State to the British Government) died in 1849. Central India. Received the title on January 1. Rana Padam Chand. which preceded the present dynasty. and it was then resolved to restore the State to his son. and was suc- Rc- ceeded by his son. Residence: Delhi. the present Rana. Residence : Jubbal. Belongs to a Rahtor Rajput family {see Jodhpur). claiming descent from the ruling family of Sirmur. Rai Saheb. Punjab. this State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) was freed by the British after the conclusion of the Gurkha war. chiefly Hindus.Calcutta. JUGAL KISHOR. Rao Bahddur Diwan.196.

A ruling chief. Central India. but including 76. Bombay. chiefly Hindus. Becharbha Baryal. His Highness the Maharaja Bahddur of.w&amp. Nawab of. and 66 guns. 1895. His Highness maintains a military force of 251 cavalry. JUMKHA. who about the year 1735 expelled the Mughal Governor and established his own power. 1899. and was succeeded by his son.of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. Chief of. Residence: Junagarh. the late Nawab Sir Bahddur Khanji. The Nawab Sir Muhabat Khanji. Is tenth in succession from Sher Khan Babi. Belongs to a Babi Pathan (Muhammadan) family. who was invested with the insignia of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on November 20.L.r ? Bombay THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 123 . His Highness Sir Rasul Khanji Muhabat Khanji.499. was created Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India in 1871.C.S. the founder of the State.401 Muhammadans. 1890. His Highness the present Nawab was created a K. He died in 1882. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns.CS. K. See Jammu and Kashmir. Residence : Charkhari. and its population is 387. JUNAGARH. Kdthi&amp. A niling chief. Belongs to an aboriginal tribe.I. JUMM00 AND CASHMERE. b. Rewa|Kantha. 1972 infantry. on January 1. Residence: Jumkha. 1836. The area of the State is 3279 square miles.

who was in attendance on the Maharaja Sher Singh when that prince was assassinated. b. Devindar Singh and Mohindar Singh. Sarddr Jwala Singh Bahadur. 1892. JYOTI PRASAD GARGA (of Maisadal). 1822. Punjab. Sudha Singh. The title is personal. The title of Sardar is hereditary. 1890. Rdjd. Shahid. the Mahant of the " Damdama Saheb. The title is personal. Residence: Farukhabad. for his . and was conferred on January 1. is the present head of the Jharauli Shahids. 1848. Rai Bahadur. Residence : Jharauli. Belongs to a Sindhu Jat (Rajput) family. and was conferred on January 7. and Was severely wounded in the endeavour to defend him. b. Sardar Ganda Singh was killed at the battle of Firuzshahr. son of Sardar Jit Singh of Jharauli. Central India. Sarddr Bahadur. Residence : Gujranwala. The Sardar is the youngest son of the Sardar Ganda Singh. JWALA SINGH (of Wazirabad). and the higher title of Sardar Bahadur was conferred as a personal distinction on May 25. July 13. His successor. descended from Dip Singh. falling in battle with the Governor of Jalandhar." or resting-place of the Guru Govind Singh (see Jiwan Singh. Received the title on January 1.JWALA PERSHAD. Rai Bahadur. 1898. 1846. He has two sons. JWALA PERSHAD. b. Punjab. JWALA SINGH (of Jharauli). the family have since been known by the name of Shahid ("Martyr"). Sardar Jwala Singh is an Honorary Magistrate. Ambala. 1876. Residence: Ujjain. Sarddr . The title is hereditary. North-Western Provinces. Sardar).

is recorded to have rendered good service during the Orissa famine of 1866. KADATTANAD. The title is hereditary. Midnapur. The title is personal. Sayyifl. Bengal. Two ladies of this family at different periods — the Rani Janaki Devi and the Rani Mathura Devi — have been in charge of the Raj. Khan Bahadur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India." The Raja is the present representative of the Maisadal family."liberality and public spirit. Bhopawar. 1877. Residence : Kachi Baroda. Residence: Bengal. Khan Bahadur. to which it is adjacent. Thakur Dalel Singh. Their title of Raja is said to have been conferred by the old Nawabs of Bengal. Thakur of. Valiya Rdjd of. The late Raja. 1896. A ruling chief . One of his ancestors was driven out of Vatakumpuram by the Zamorin of Calicut. b. Succeeded to the gadi 1864. Lakshman Prasad Garga of Maisadal. The State is tributary to Dhar. and . KABLL SHAH. Central India. 1839. Shaikh. Belongs to a Samanda family. and contains a population of about 3000. and was conferred on January 1. which originally held the rule over a district named Vatakumpuram. Residence : Thar and Parkar. Rao of See Umrao Singh. The first Raja was the Raja Janardhan Upadhyaya. Residence : Maisadal. KABIR-UD-DIN. the present Raja being the twenty-eighth in descent. KACHESAR. Sind. KACHI BARODA. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on May 20. for meritorious service in the Medical Department.

Punjab. In 1766 Haidar Ali of Mysore invaded the country. the Raja and his family took refuge with the Maharaja of Travancore. by which the succession is with the offspring of its female members. Residence: Dera . Rai Bahadur. 1899. 1894. Residence : Badagara. Khan Saheb. the family follows the Marumakkatayam law of inheritance. KADER PRASANNA LAHIRY. Mian. Like the other Malabar Rajas. Residence : Gujranwala. Amdani.thenceforward the family ruled a district on the Malabar coast. where the Raja now lives. Khdn Saheb. In 1792 the Raja entered into an agreement with the British Government to receive an annuity as compensation for the estates of his ancestors. and the Raja took refuge with the East India Company's officers in Tellicheri . The Mian was granted the title of Khan Saheb as a personal 124 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA distinction on January 1. This territory is said to have been granted by the Cherakal Raja of Kolathiri. the next eldest male to the Raja being always his heir. Malabar District. Received the title on January 2. when the Sultan Tippu invaded the country. KADIR BAKHSH KHAN. KADIR BAKHSH BHATTE. and again. See Kedar. Madras. extending originally from Mahe to Badagara.

attracted by the place. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor February 3. KADIR HUSAIN. The title was conferred on January 1. 1877. and recognized on December 16. Harihar Chand. Khan Saheb. a sacred place in the Kangra district of the Punjab . 1872. KMn Bahadur. it was conferred originally by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Residence: Madras. Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. CLE. Residence : Madras. Residence : Kirkee. b.. a Raja whose territory was situated in the Deccan. Madras. and for his services to the State Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 25. conquered it and settled . A ruling chief. KADIR MOHI-UD-DIN. 1890. The title is personal. 1894. The title was conferred on January 1. His Highness Raja Bije Chand. Bombay. KAHLUR. he saw Jhandbhari. KADIR (SHAIKH) SHAIKH ABDULLA. Residence : Sind. Residence : Mysore. claiming descent from Argok. 1891. Muhammad.Ghazi Khan. Raja of. KADIRDAD KHAN GUL KHAN. KADIR MOHI-UD-DIN SAHEB. 1889. and was originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. 1892. Khan. came on a pilgrimage to Jwalamukhi. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Maunargudi. KADIR NAWAZ KHAN. and recognized in 1890. The Khan Bahadur is a Deputy Collector in Sind. Khan Bahadur. in the Hoshiarpur district. Punjab. a descendant of Argok in the fourteenth generation. and. The title is personal.

Residence : Faridpur. chiefly Hindus. Bengal. KAILASH CHANDAR BOSE (BASU). Residence : Ahmadabad. Bengal.). another carved out a principality for himself in Kanidon . The title was conferred as a personal distinction on May 20. 1887. The area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) is 448 square miles . Residence: Calcutta. The Raja maintains a military force of 40 cavalry. KAI KHUSRU BARJ0RJI COOPER. while a third son. Received the title on June 3. Rai Bahadur. The Raja Hira Singh. Punjab. predecessor of the present Raja. founded the State of Kahlur or Bildspur.v. its population is 86. KAILASH CHANDAR MUKHARJI. dated March 6. and was rewarded with a salute of 11 guns. and 11 guns. and was conferred on January 1. Rai Bahadur. and after their expulsion it was confirmed to the then Raja by a sanad from the British Government. KAILASH CHANDAR DAS. Khan Bahadur. 1893.546. Bir Chand. 1815. The title was conferred on January 1. The title is personal. Residence: Kahlur. 1895. Bombay. Rai Bahadur. One of Harihar Chand's sons conquered and took possession of the Chamba State (q. 1896. Simla Hills.down there. 620 infantry. for meritorious service in the Army Medical Department. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. for " long and meritorious service in . From 1803 to 1815 the State was overrun by the Gurkhas. rendered good service during the Mutiny of 1857.

Residence : Oudh. KAKRALI. for eminence in oriental learning. Thdkur of. See Lachhman Singh. The title was conferred on May 20. Rani of. Residence: Tellicherry. North-Western Provinces. Rao of See Jodha Sinha.the Bengal Secretariat. Calcutta. Edavalath. Rani of. Nawab Bahadur. KAITHOLA. KAILASH CHANDRA SIR0MANI. Di : I wan Bahadur. KAIMAHRA. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 125 KAKAT KRISHNAN. King of Oudh. Keceived title on January 1. Ghaudhri." Residence: 20 Durjipara Street. 1899. the Nawab Bahadur being the grandson of a daughter of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. The title is personal. Is Chairman of Municipal Council of Tellicherry. See Kamal. KAIMORI. Mahdmahopddhydya. KAKHAUTA. Rao of. Rao of. See Jaibans Kunwar. KAISAR MIRZA. f See Dayawant Kuar. Pandit. KAKARBAI. See Muhammad . Bengal. KAKARKHERI (BH0PAL). 1896. See Dhabla Dhir. Residence: Benares. He is the son of the Nawab Abul Hasan Khan. Madras.

Madras. KALAHANDI. and increased in consequence of the decline of that dynasty. the Raja Damarakumara Maddu Yenkatappa Nayudu Bahadur Garu. An ancestor of the Raja was the local Naik who procured for the English from the Raja of Chandragiri the privilege of settling at Madras and of building a fort there . 1876. Rdjd of.S. Punjab.I. Khdn Saheb. See Raghbir Singh. at the Darbar held at Calcutta on January 1. KALALWALA.Azim. 1899. The Raja owns large estates in Nellore and North Arcot districts. b. Madras. and his father's name being Chenappa. The family banner is the "Hanumadwajam. Residence: Kalahasti. C. 1850. KALANDAR KHAN. Kumara Maddu Venkatappa. Rdjd of. Belongs to an ancient family that acquired importance in the 15th century under the Government of the Rajas of Vijayanagar. See Karond." or flag bearing the device of Hanuman (the sacred monkey) in five colours. and a sanad granted hy the Emperor Aurangzeb of Delhi made the family directly subordinate to the Nawab of Arcot. Haji (Gandapurof Madi). Received the title on June 3. KALAHASTI. KALANDAR SHAH KHAN DARA- . Sarddr of. The late Raja received the Companionship of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India from His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. he stipulated that the place should be called Chenappa-patnam. Under the Muhammadan Government the head of the family held the position of aMansabddr of 5000 foot . Succeeded to the gadi on the death of his father. Nellore. Residence : Dera Ismail Khan.

at the time of the first Afghan war. The title of Beglar Begi was conferred on one of His Highness 's ancestors. and later on became a trusted leader of that monarch's troops. Waliof. Nasir Khdn died in extreme old age in 1795. on account of his supposed treachery (which was afterwards discovered to have been falsely attributed to him by his Wazir). when the treaty of 1854 was renewed and extended . and was succeeded by his son Mahmud Khan. and was succeeded by his brother. whose army thereon evacuated the country . Throughout the Afghan war .C. however. Mehrab Khan was the Wali of Kalat and ruler of Baluchistan . In 1839. his son Nasir Khan was reinstated by the British. the town and fort of Kalat were stormed by General Willshire. His Highness had an interview with the Viceroy of India (Lord Lytton) in 1876 at Jacobabad. Residence : Mahmudabad. stipulating for the protection of the State by the British Power. KALAT. the late Wali Sir Muhammad Khodadad Khan. and. and was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. he attended the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877.I. His Highness Beglar Begi Mir Sir Mahmud. Ahmad Shah Abdali. and in 1854 a treaty was concluded. A ruling chief. Nasir Khan subsequently was embroiled in wars with the King of Kabul..E. and the unfortunate Mehrab Khan was among the slain. by the great Persian invader Nadir Shah in 1739. Nash* Khan died in 1856. Bombay. named Nasir Khan. The title was conferred on June 3. Khdn Saheb. 1893.SHAH. G. In 1841. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. with his great vassals.

Myook. 1500 infantry. b. Khan Bahadur . 1895. and 6 guns . Residence : . and sending his son and heir-apparent to accompany the General in command of the army passing through his territory. and has had a long and distinguished service in the Judicial Department. for his" distinguished loyalty in the Mutiny and his good services. and is entitled to a salute of 21 guns (including 2 guns personal). Baluchistan. 1894. Residence : Rangoon. The area of the State is about 91.000. its population is about 150. This Burmese title (see Introduction) was conferred on January 1. Maung. 1889. Oudh. Residence: Kalat. KALE. 1828. 1894. Mating.000 square miles . Residence : Unao. This Burmese title (see Introduction) was conferred on January 1. His Highness maintains a military force of 300 cavalry. Kyet thaye zaung shive Salwe ya Min. KALB ALI KHAN. Mirza. The title is personal. chiefly Muhammadans.of 1878-79 the Wali rendered the most valuable aid to the Government — placing all the resources of his country at his disposal. 126 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA KALATHI." The Khan Bahadur was formerly SubJudge of Unao. and was conferred on May 24. Burma. June 22. His Highness the present Wali was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on August 10. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min.

NorthWestern Provinces. Major. Bhumia of. chiefly Hindus. on condition of preserving order in certain territory. Rai Bahadur. 1893. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur. 1894. who did good service in the Mutiny of 1857. KALI BAORI. Bengal. KALI BHUSAN GHOSH. Rai Bahd- . The title was conferred on May 26. Bhumia Sher Sing. Rai Bahadur. 1859. Residence : Barasat. b. Central India. Descended from Raja Baij Nath Misr. J. Received the title on January 1. Residence : KaU Baori. Residence : Gilgit. Kashmir. The State contains about 1700 inhabitants. Bogra. The Chief belongs to a Bhilala family. Bengal.September 20. KALI KUMAR DE. 1 889. 1894. 1898. Residence: Calcutta. KALE KHAN. Khan Bahadur. Bhopatoar. for eminent services in the Currency Department. Residence: Bareilly. A ruling chief . KALI KISHOR MUNSHI. This title is hereditary. as a personal distinction. Succeeded on October 7. Late Governor of Gilgit. 1893. Raja. KALI DAS CHAUDHRI. The title was conferred on January 1. Rat 'Bahadur. Residence: Hoshangabad. Burma. Granted the title of Rai Bahadur as a personal distinction. Is Zamindar of Sherpur. January 2. Rai Bahadur. Succeeded to the gadi in 1874. January 2. Residence: Sherpur. The Bhumia receives allowances both from Dhar and from Gwalior. 1895. Central Provinces.Tharrawaddy. KALI PRASANNA GHOSE. KALI CHARAN MISR.

.A. Bengal . and became Diwan of the State of Kuch Behar in August 1869. Burdwan. KALIYAN SINGH. The title is hereditary. and subsequently recognized by the British Government. b. Rai Bahadur. KALI PRASANNA MUKHARJI. 1861). Residence : Calcutta. Received the title on May 21. Rai Bahddur . born June 16. Calcutta. Sagar. Residences : The Dewankhana. 1860. B.. Bengal . 1841. The title was conferred on May 30. b. b. Rai Bahadur. 1878 . KALIYAN SINGH (of Jhamaro). and 4 Gangadhar Babu's Lane.L. Has three sons — (1) Charu Chandra Datt. Appointed to the Judicial Service in 1861. Was formally invested with insignia of office in 1870. KALIKA DAS DATT r Rai Bahadur. 1891. Central Provinces. Educated at the Krishnagar and Presidency Colleges of the Calcutta University (B. Has rendered long and meritorious service as Minister of the Kuch Behar State. The title was conferred on June 22. and became Member of the Kuch Behar State Council. July 3. 1863. 1876 . 1897. having been originally conferred by the old Mahratta Government of Deori. (2) Atal Chandra Datt. Bengal. Punjab. Meral. Son of the late Rai Golak Nath Datt.. Bengal. Dacca. 1881. Residence: Bhowal. KALI PRASANNA ROY.dur. Residence : Lahore. 1891. Rao. for eminent services in the Military Works Department. 1898. born January 23. Kuch Behar. (3) Nirmal Chandra Datt. and in recognition thereof was granted the title of Rai Bahadur on January 1. Residence : Jhamaro. born June 5.

1886. His son.708. originally of Kalsia in the Lahore district. KALIYANA SUNDARAM CHETTIYAR. The title was conferred on January 1. A ruling chief. 181 infantry. and the latter on June 22. and 3 guns. 5. Chekkappa. The former title was conferred on June 1. Sardar Banjit Singh. His grandson. Rao . was a brave and able man. b. Madras.1881. Rao Bahadur. Residence: Kalsia. 1895. but including 19. chiefly Hindus. Residence: Aligarh. The area of the State is 169 square miles .1840. Allahabad. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor August 28. When the CisSutlej States came under British protection. Was appointed aDeputy-Collectorinl878.Western Provinces. 1897 . for good services rendered in the management of the Magh Mela. The Sarddr maintains a military force of 48 cavalry. Jodh Singh. was the grandfather of the present Sarddr. Belongs to a Jat (Sikh) family. its population is 67. whose founder. Eao Umed Singh. Sarddr Gurbakhsh Singh. Residence: Cuddalore. 1888. Punjab. 1837. Sarddr Lahna Singh. conquered this territory in the last century. Diicdn Bahadur.930 Muhammadans and 5923 Sikhs. North.LU KHEEA. Sardar Jodh Singh followed the general example. LA. Sarddr of. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 127 ELALSIA. who made considerable conquests in the neighbourhood of Ambala towards the close of the century.

Rao. The title was conferred on May 20.of. b. Kdthidwdr. Thakur of. Kumar Shri. IAMALA PATI GH0SAL. Thakur Madan Singh. A ruling chief. Kdthidwdr. CALUBA. The Rao belongs to a Rajput family. chiefly Hindus. Rai Bahadur. Succeeded to the gadi 1843. Residence: Monghyr. Succeeded to the gadi October 11. See Kumdr. A ruling chief . Thakur fof Kaimori). LALUBAWA BHUNSINGHJI. 1889. See Kaliyan. Tdlukddr of. Central Provinces. 1830. KAMALESHWARI PAESHAD SINGH. CLE. CAMAL NARYA SINGH. Bengal. See Rdmpura (Rewa Kantha). 1850. Central India. 1896. Bombay. Bengal. Residence : Kalu Khera. . Belongs to a Muhammadan family in the Gohelwar Prant. Succeeded the late Rao Delan Singh on December 2. having been originally conferred by the Rdj-Gond Rd jd Nizam Shah of Mandla. The title is personal. Jabalpur. A ruling chief. Westei-n Mdlwd. KAMALPUR. CAMADHIA. Rai Bahadur. The State contains a population of about 1000. Mir Zulfikar Ali. b. The area of the State is 4 square miles . for distinguished service in th e Bengal Police. LALYAN. its population about 772. 1871. Residence : Naihdti. Residence : Kamadhia. The title is hereditary. b. and was conferred on January 1. TkdJcur. 1896. and his title is hereditary. Residence : Kaimori.

1887. The title has been continued for life. KAME KADK MIEZA. He has two sons. and Member of the local Municipal and School Committees. KAMEAN SHAH. See Abid Ali Bahddur. Central India. The Rdjd is an Honorary Magistrate. Receives an allowance. Bhopdl. named Kuar Omri Shdh and Kudr Sultdn Shah. KAMBAKHSH HASAN MIRZA BAHADUE. and subsequently recognized by the British Government. Belongs to a family of Gond (aboriginal) origin. Hoshangabad. and bears the title of Prince as a personal or courtesy title. Sind. Belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. In 1860 the British Government confirmed his jdgirs in perpetuity to Rdjd Kdmrdn Shah. on the occasion . in lieu of land rights. Raja. Residence: Calcutta. 1840. a younger branch of the family of Rdjd Sulaimdn Shdh of Deogarh and Ndgpur. from Gwalior. having been originally conferred by the ancient Gond Rdjds of Deogarh and Ndgpur. and was conferred on February 16. Residence : Ramangan. Residence : Hyderabad. The Prince is the tenth son of the late Wajid Ali Shdh. as the Mir is the representative of one of the Mirs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Mir. Khan Bahadur. b. Fakir. King of Oudh. Central Provinces. The title is hereditary. Residence : Kamalpur. The title is personal. The family became Muhammadan about 200 years ago. KAMR-UD-DIN. and of his father's good services previously rendered.1881. KAMBAE KHAN icalad SHEE MUHAMMAD KHAN. that is. in consideration both of his own loyal services during the Mutiny. Prince. Bengal.

descended from Sardar Ajudhya Parshad.v. received a sanad from the British Government. The Diwdn Bahadur is Chief Justice of the Travancore State. Central India.of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. Mirza Bahadur. Residence : Lahore. b. Travancore. The area of the State is 4 square miles. was succeeded by the present Jagirdar. an agent of the State of Charkhari (q. Residence : Tri vandrum. Belongs to a Kayastha (Hindu) family. 1874. KAME-UD-DIN HAIDAE.). Succeeded to the gadi October 23. See Harbans Singh . See Muhammad. He has sons. His son. July 18. 1847. KANDAULA. . Rao Gopal Lai. The Jagirdar maintains a military force of 15 infantry and 1 gun. Muhammad. Bundelkhand. and dying in 1874. see also Harindar Singh. The title was conferred on May 25. who became an agent of the Kalinjar Chaubes. Eao Eharat Parshad. A ruling chief . 1895. Sardar of. chiefly Hindus. Punjab. of whom the eldest is named Bhaya Ram Parshad. Residence: Kamta Raj aula. JDiwdn Bahadur. and obtained from them the jdgir of Kamta. Jagirdar of. KANCHI KRISHNASWAMI RAO. 128 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA KAMTA EAJAULA. its population is about 1500.

Residence: Kangseu. Bahadur. and was conferred on June 6. See Khandhai.Rai Bahadur. and from that time his honours — professional. 1871 . and a Chemical Examiner to Government. KANG. Honorary Member. Calcutta Medical College. and in the same year was appointed to a Professorship of Chemistry in the Calcutta Medical College. Calcutta Medical College. Sardar of.. The title of Rai Bahadur is personal. A ruling chief. CJ. KANHAILAL DE. 1870. Rai Bahadur. Prof essor of Chemistry and Government Chemical Examiner. . b. Burma. Shan States. 1863 . Fellow of the University of Calcutta. 1863 . September 24. Member Committee of the Economic Museum. This Chief rules over one of the Shan States. Myoza of. Burma. Justice of the Peace. He was appointed successively Member British Medical Association. In 1862 he was appointed Professor of Chemistry in the Presidency College of the University of Calcutta. 1872. Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. 1867-72 . teacher of Chemistry and Medical Jurisprudence to the Vernacular Classes. University of Calcutta. and other — have been exceedingly numerous. 1869-84. 1872.E." He was educated at the Medical College of Bengal. 1874. 1872. KANGSEU. and the name is very commonly spelt "Kanny Lall Dey. 1831. See Narayan Singh. for distinguished medical services. where he graduated with distinction in 1854. scientific. additional Chemical Examiner to Government. 1877-78. Member Faculty of Medicine. Rai Bahadur. The Rai Bahadur is a son of the late Radha Nath De.KANDHAI SINGH.

1877 . 1883 . World's Industrial Cotton Centennial Exposition. Member Central Committee for the Selection of the Vernacular TextBooks. Certificate of Honour in recognition of services to the State on the occasion of Her Majesty's assumption of the Imperial title. Juror at the Jaipur Exhibition. Member District Charitable Society. Calcutta University. U. for which he received certificates and medals. 1881. Amsterdam Exhibition.. Presidency Magistrate for Calcutta. Philadelphia. 1884 . Fellow Chemical Society. 1877-85 . Universal Exposition of Paris.S. 1883. 1881 . 1883-84 . 1887 . London. 1880 . Calcutta.S). 1886. 1862. and medical jurisprudence in Bengali. 1886. named Priyalal De (the name is very frequently spelt THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . He has helped to develop the drug resources of India. The Rai Bahadur is the author of treatises on chemistry.Municipal Commissioner. appointed Member of the Syndicate. Vienna Universal Exhibition. London (F. Examiner in Medical Jurisprudence. Vice-President of the Calcutta Medical Society. created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. He represented India at the International Exhibition. also Calcutta International Exhibition. and written an elaborate descriptive catalogue of same. 1886. The Rai Bahadur has a son. 1867 and 1878 . also thanks of the Government. and Colonial and Indian Exhibition. 1881-82 . 1884-85. physics. New Orleans. 1880. Honorary Fellow College of Physicians. 1886. 1872.C. Melbourne Exhibition.A. 1878. Member of Committee and Juror at the Calcutta Exhibition of Indian Art Manufactures.

Punjab. for eminent services in the P. Wun of. Raipur. a Fellow of the Chemical Society of London (F. and was conferred on March 30. Succeeded to the yadi as a minor December 5. Residence: Kanker. KANT. 1876. The area of the State is 639 square miles. The title is personal. born July 24. Punjab. KANHYA LAL. Received the title on January 1. were raised to the yadi by a popular vote in very early times. KANKER. The title was conferred on January 1. Residences: 11 Beadon Street and 62 Aheritola Street. Is a Deputy-Collector. Presidency Magistrate for Calcutta. Calcutta.S. Maharaj-Adhiraj Narhar Deo. 1855 . 1890. Central Provinces. 1886. 1897. 1898. The title is personal. During the dominion of the Haihai Vansi dynasty in Chhattisgarh the Kanker Zamindars were rich and prosperous. according to tradition. 1853. Residence: Jalandhar. Residence: Madras Presidency. Rai Bahadur. Maharaja of. See Po Tok.C. . and was conferred on January 1. Rao Bahadur.610.W. Punjab.D. chiefly Gonds (aboriginal tribe).). Rai Bahadur. 1850. Maung. Bengal. 1890. Rai Bahadur. b. Residence : Dera Ghazi Khan. CANNANUR NARAYANA AIYAR.129 Preo Lall Dey). KANHAYA LAL. whose ancestors. Residence: Lahore. A ruling chief. Belongs to a very ancient Rajput family. May 13. its population is 63. KANHAYA LAL.

Residence : Sind. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. Residence : Kantarawadi. The title is personal. [ANSHI SINGH. KANTI CHANDAR MUKHARJI. Received the title on May 21.. indicated by the letters K. Burma.. Simla. 1887. was conferred as a personal distinction on January 1. Residence : Madras.CANNAYYA CHETTI. Burma. Rai Saheb. 1896. Burma. C.M. after the name (see Introduction).I. 1891.. Myoza of. See Kanhai Lai De. Residence : Kansi. b. [ANRANMAL CHANDANMAL. The Rao Bahadur was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. and was conferred on June 1. V. This Burmese title.S. 1888. 1857. KANSI (Latawng of Kansi). Rao Bahadur. for distinguished services as Diwan or Prime Minister of the .I. The title is personal. Bombay. C.E. The Myoza is the Chief of one of the Karen States in Eastern Karenni. Rao Bahadur. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reigu of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and was conferred on February 16. Residence: Military Works Department.E. Rai Bahadur. Rao Bahadur. 1898. KANTARAWADI. Sawlawi. CANNY LALL DEY. 1898. C. The title was conferred on January 1. for eminent services to the State. Was elected a member of the Madras Municipal Commission in 1885. A ruling chief. Eastern Karenni. The population consists chiefly of Karens.

A ruling chief. son of Raja Vikramaditya. leaving two minor sons. This Chief rules over one of the Shan States on the frontier of Burma. 1863.) . Jagat Bahadur Singh. He was succeeded by his nephew and adopted son. As a minor succeeded his father. recovered his possessions . succeeded his father. Chief of. b. the first Raja of Benares (q. KANTIGYI. Belongs to an ancient family of Gaharwar Rajputs. Burma. In ancient times. Raja Rajendra Bahadur Singh. Residence : Jaipur. Raja Govinda Singh. Ram Ghulam Singh. in the year of his birth. Rdjd of. KANTIT. Its population consists almost entirely of Shans. but after the flight of Raja Chet Singh of Benares in 1781. K 130 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA of whom the elder. and the latter in turn was succeeded by his son. said to be a branch of that of the Rahtors of Kanauj. In 1758 the Raja Vikramaditya Singh of Kantit was driven out by Balwant Singh. He died in 1850. whose son was Raja Mahipal Singh . Shan States. settled at Benares. and descended from Gudan Deo. Rajputana. for a long series of years it appears that there was a Gaharwar Raj of the Kan tit family.State of Jaipur in Rajputana. Residence: Kantigyi.v. . south of the Ganges. and owning domains in Mirzapur district. Raja Rajendra Bahadur Singh. Raja Bhup Indra Bahadur Singh.

I. It is said that the title of Raja was conferred on an ancestor by one of the ancient Kings of Delhi. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor on September 5. 800 years ago. Central Provinces. before the family left Chanda.S. and the State lapsed into the form of a Zamindari. Rai Saheb. as she was born before the commencement of the present century . Received the title on January 1.. in the hands of the late Rani Sagan Kumari of Phulghar. Residence: Bijaipur. Belongs to a Jat Kalal (Sikh) family. Mirzapur.C.S. The Raja's full title is — His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikhul-Itikad Daulat-i-Inglishia Raja-i-Rajagan Raja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur. who was the lawful wife of the Raja Prithi Singh. Seth. KAPURCHAND. K. North. KAPHAS KUMARI (of Phulghar) . The Rani Sagan Kumari was more than seventy years of age when she succeeded to the estate.C. KAPURTHALA. The Rani belongs to a very ancient Gond family. Rdjd of. The title is hereditary. Residence: Phulghar. Central Provinces. September '1872. well known under the distinguished name of Ahluwalia. His Highness Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur. The Sardar Jassa Singh was one of the most conspicuous of the leaders who consolidated the Sikh Power during the .Western Provinces. Mm. Residence : Raipur. A ruling chief . Sambalpur. but the late Raja Jagsai died without legitimate heirs in 1867. On his death he was succeeded by the present Raja. 1898.I. descended from the Chanda stock of Gond Rajas. 1877. Until recently the Phulghar Zamindari was classed as a Gurjhat feudatory State. b.but hardly lived to attain his majority. from the village of Ahlu near Lahore. she was succeeded by the present Rani. K.

disorders and weakness of the Mughals. He died without issue. was associated with that of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the first Sikh treaty concluded with the British Government.I.S. his brother. and was succeeded by Sardar Bagh Singh. and on this account his Cis-Sutlej territories were confiscated. On the outbreak of the Mutiny in 1857. consequent on the invasions of Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Durani. The Kapurthala troops remained in Oudh for a whole year . G. and the name of Sardar Bagh Singh's successor. the brave Sardar Bikrama Singh Bahadur. volunteered the services of himself and all his followers.S. and then volunteered to aid in the subjugation of the rebellious Province of Oudh. a descendant of his uncle. and the Raja Sir Randhir .C. and his followers. The Chiefs of Kapurthala largely extended their territories and power . with conspicuous valour on the part alike of the Chief. the Raja Sir Randhir Singh.. he marched to Oudh at the head of 2000 horse and foot and four guns. They held most important positions — first at Bani to protect the Lucknow and Cawnpur road. C. Sardar Fateh. of Kapurthala. This force fought no less than six actions with the rebels. He strengthened the hold of Government in the Jalandhar Doab. and captured ten guns from the rebels. and accompanied by his brother.I. and in recognition of it he was created a Raja in 1849. and afterwards at Daryabad . but in the first Sikh war his troops fought against the British at the battle of Aliwal. . In the second Sikh war his son Sardar Nihal Singh rendered good service . His offer was accepted. In 1826 Sardar Fateh Singh sought the protection of the British Power against Ranjit Singh . Singh.

but including. the Oudh estates of His Highness have an area of 700 square miles.617. . on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. but unfortunately died at Aden on the way. 829 infantry. 82. See Muhammad Jam Jah Ali. The area of the State is 598 square miles .v. In addition to this. and many other honours. CLE.493 Sikhs. Gurdaspur. The Raja maintains a military force of 197 cavalry. (q. His Highness the present Raja was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on June 22. 10. as well as a khilat of Rs. Baundi. and Bhitaula. leaving also a younger son. and a population of 253. KARAM CHAND. and Ikauna. the Kunwar Harnam Singh.900 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 131 Hindus and 26.000. Oudh. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. the Raja Kharak Singh. Lala. Rai Saheb. chiefly Muhammadans.Punjab . KARA AHMAD. 1897.). Residence : Srigovindpur. and Ikauna. and 13 guns .Singh received as a reward for his loyalty and bravery large estates there. Baundi. its population is 252. and a daughter married to the Sardar Buta Singh of Sirnanwa.000. Residences: Kapurthala. father of the present Raja . The title was conferred on January 1. In 1870 he set out to visit England. 1897. He was succeeded by his son. confiscated from the rebellious Rajas of Bhitauli.

for eminent services in the Medical Department. Mir. KARAMAT-ULLA KHAN. the Mir being a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). Residence : Bengal.Punjab. Mir. KARAM DAD. 1895. they overran Kashmir in very early times. The title is hereditary. KARAM KHAN. KARAMAT-ULLA. For many hundreds of years the Gakkars were undoubtedly possessed of great power and a wide extent of territory . The Gakkars trace their descent from Kai Gohar. KARAMDAD KHAN (of Pharwala). Rdjd. See Muhammad. Residence : Shikarpur. Khan Saheb. Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. 1896. Residence : Shikarpur. Residence : Kalat. as the foremost of the Gakkar Chiefs of the Punjab. the Mir being a Jagirdar. The title is hereditary. Subadar. Sind. and traces of their occupation . Khan Bahadur. and a descendant of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur) . whose son. 1896. The title was conferred on January 1. of Ispahan in Persia. Khan Bahadur. Sultan Kaid. Kind. KARAM HUSAIN walad ALI GAUHAR KHAN. Muhammad. and the Raja succeeded his father in March 1865. KARAM HUSAIN. Baluchistan. Punjab. Residence: Muzaffargarh. The title has been continued for life. Makhdum. The title was conferred on May 25. is said to have conquered Badakshan and a part of Tibet.

and subsequently of Anand Singh. Bhangi. Mukarrab Khan was at last defeated by the powerful Sikh Chief. and in his day the power of the Gakkars was very great. and in the Emperor's Autobiography there is a notice of his contest with that Chief. Sultan Mukarrab Khan was the last independent Gakkar Chief. being confirmed in the possession of his large territories. Sardar Gujar Singh. the capital of the Gakkars — in 1526 a. They are usually of the Shia sect of Muhammadans. weakened. and captured it after a gallant resistance. The family were greatly impoverished. overrunning the Chib country as far north as Bhimbar. When the Emperor Babar invaded India. Babar marched against Pharwala — then. and he was treacherously put to death. giving up his possessions in the Chaj Doab. He left four sons. the ancient cradle . grandfather of the present Raja. Thipuria.are still to be found in the north and west of that country. which extended from the Chinab to the Indus. In 1826 the family was conceded some proprietary rights in Pharwala. and was treated by that monarch with the greatest consideration. the rival Chiefs of his own tribe declared against him. and compelled to retire across the Jhelum. and stripped of most of their possessions. He joined Ahmad Shah Durani on his several invasions of India. and captured Gujrat. as now. grandson of the famous Sardar Milkha Singh of Rawal Pindi.. by the attacks first of Sardar Gujar Singh.d. of whom the youngest was Sultan Shadman Khan. His power being thus broken. Hati Khan making his escape from one gate of the town as Babar's troops entered by another. He defeated the Yusufzai Afghans and the Chief of the Khattaks. Hati Khan was the Chief of the Gakkars.

Khan Bahadur. Rajputana. KARASGI. 1899. The title is hereditary. Residence: Aligarh. Residence : Pharwala. Punjab. Rao. Rao Bahadur. KARAULI. 132 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA KARAMSI DAMJI.. 1862. Residence: Bombay. Residence : Baluchistan. Received the title on January 1. he rendered excellent service under Captain Abbott in 1848-49.Western Provinces. G. He was succeeded by the present Raja in 1865. Northwestern Provinces. The title was conferred on January 1. KARAN SINGH. KARAMDAD KHAN.C. 1896. Succeeded to the gadi August 14. Rao (of Bedla). The title of Rao Bahadur was conferred on the Rao of Bedla as a personal distinction on May 20. Chief of. The title was conferred on January 1. 1894. Residence : Mewar.and home of their race. KARAN SINGH. 1886. 1896. A ruling chief . Rawal Pindi. North. who became Raja . Is the head of the great Jadun clan of . Mahdrdjd of . Rao Bahadur. Residence : Bijnor.E. and again during the Mutiny of 1857. b. KARAR HAIDAR. Shadman Khan's eldest son was Hayat-ullaKhan. Khan Bahadur. His Highness Maharaja Sir Bhanwar Pal Deo Bahadur Yadukul Chandra Bhal.I. See Jath.

and the present Maharaja Bahadur is ninth in succession from Dharm Pal. in 1348 a. and are called the Chandravansi or Children of the Moon. KARENNI.d. Western. and promoted to be a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order on June 22. and for these services he received an addition of two guns to his salute as a personal distinction. Arjan Deo. The title of Maharaja has descended to them from the remotest antiquity. Po Bya. The Maharaja Madan Pal rendered good service during the Mutiny of 1857. It has three feudatory dependencies — Bawlake. Chief of A ruling chief. sending a body of his troops against the Kotah mutineers . and was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India.E. Probably the first historical personage in the pedigree is Bijai Pal.d. and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns. Residence: Western .d. 1640 infantry. and Naungpale. on January 1.C. . but including 8836 Muhammadans. its population is 148. His Highness was created a K. and founded the capital of Karauli in Rajputana. Kyetpogyi. chiefly Hindus.I. The Maharaja Dharm Pal became Maharaja of Karauli in 1644 a. who claim descent from Krishna.Rajputs. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. The family banner is coloured yellow..670. Its population consists almost entirely of Karens. Rajputana. and 56 guns. The area of the State is 1208 square miles . He maintains a miltary force of 281 cavalry. Residence : Karauli. established the State. 1897. 1894. who built the fort of Biana in 995 a. Po Bya is chief of one of the Karen States in Burma.

Raja of See Tenduk Pulger. Residence : Sirsa.Western Provinces. and was conferred on May 20. Mahi Kantha. 1881. Thdkur of A ruling chief . Udit Partab Deo. Thakur Chain Singh. Raja Raghu Keshar Deo. 1890. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. when he held the military rank of Subahdar . 1856. The late R&amp. Thakur Bhawansinghji. A ruling chief . KAR0DIA. and in recognition thereof he received the title of Sardar Bahadur as a personal distinction. Residence : Karoli. by a sanad dated September 18. Sarddr Bahadur. North. Thdkur of. Central India. Oudh. He was distinguished for his bravery and loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857. KARMIE. Belongs to a Pathan (Afghan) family settled in Unao. Belongs to an ancient Rajput family of the Nagbansi (snake-race) clan — the cognizance of the Nagbansi clan is the sacred Serpent — descended on the female side from the original Gangabansi dynasty of Karond. The title is personal. b. Khan Bahadur. The area of the State is 12 square miles. b. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. 1864. and on the male side from the Rajas of Satrangarh in Chota Nagpur. Indore. Bombay. received the honour of a personal salute of 9 guns. A ruling chief. Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi October 26. chiefly Hindus. KARIM KHAN. Oudh. Succeeded to the gadi April 7. b. for his good services to Government. its population about 1500. which was conferred on January . KARIM-UD-DIN AHMAD. Residence : Unao. KAR0LI. 1871.Karenni. Residence : Karodia. b.ja. 1813. Burma. KAROND. 1860. 1880.

See Karar. Rdjd of See Partab. and received a Silver Medal of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in January 1877. The present Raja is thirty-first in descent from the founder of the dynasty. The Rai Bahadur's great-grandfather was in the service of the Nawab Nazim of Bengal . The title was conferred on February 16.1. Residence : Karond. 1887. October 1830. The Raja is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. He entered the Judicial Service in 1856 . became a first-grade Subordinate Judge in 1875. and his father and grandfather were employed under the GovernorGeneral's agent at Benares. Central Provinces. KASHI NATH BISWAS. 1877. See Kumara Venkata Perumal Raz.548. The area of the State is 3745 square miles. on the occasion of the Pro- THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 133 clamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty . KARVETNAGAR. Rai Bahddur . Rdjd. KARWI. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and its population is 224. Khan Bahadur. chiefly Gonds (an aboriginal tribe). KARRAR HAIDAR. See Balwant Rao. Sambalpur. Srimant Rao of. Rdjd of. b. KARWAR.

KASHI RAO HOLKAR DADA SAHEB. He received the title of Rai Bahadur in recognition of his long and meritorious services as a Judge. Rao Sir (of Indore). (3) Govinda.as Empress of India. Received the title on January 2. 1833. and has issue four sons — (1) Martand. Rao Sahcb. born June 24. In 1846 he married Ganga. daughter of Madhava Rao Khandekar Phadnis. Central India. born July 27. KASHINATH LAKSHMAN. married Lakshmibai. born July 30. Was invested with the title of Rao Bahadur at a Darbar held at Dhulia on June 15. and the son of Lak- shuman Krishna. (2) Waman. Northwestern Provinces. (4) Gopal. on October 23. KASHI PERSHAD. Bombay. The Rao Bahddur belongs to a Karhada Brahman family. 1867. Is Vakil of Charkhari. the only daughter of the late Jagirdar of Waroda.S. 1899. Rai Saheb. Mamlatdar of Tasgaon . Central India. 1899. Residence : Indore. Residence : Charkhari. daughter of Purushotam Pant Khandekar. K. daughter of Narayan Rao Bho- . b. of the Political Department and Police of Khandesh. born August 28. 1878. July 16. The title was conferred on May 24. Rao Bahadur. 1865.C. 1871. 1883.C. 1875. KASHI NATH SAMBHAJI MURKAR.I.S. daughter of Prathad Pant Shahane. in Khandesh. Residence : Bombay. Received the title on June 3. married Rukhminibai. Created a K. married Jankibai. 1883. late Mamlatdar of Satara. Residence: Benares. for long and distinguished service in the Police Department. married Gopikabai.I.

Sarddr. 1895. and that of Sarddr on June 22. Residence: Shdhjahdnpur. The title was conferred on January 21. Rdjd of. Khandesh. KASIM HASAN KHAN. Received the title on January 1. See Muhammad.S. Northwestern Provinces. KASIM ALI KHAN (of Pataudi).I. 1897. Muhammad. The General is Commander-in-Chief of the Forces of His Highness Maharaja Sindhia of Gwalior.MULK MIRZA BAHADUR. See Hari Raj Singh. Khdn Bahddur.patkar of Azvi. and was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. 1896. 1896 . KASHMIR. The Prince is the ninth son of the late Wajid Ali Shah. Residence : Bombay. 1897.UL . General. Khdn Bahddur. Punjab. KASHIPUR. Central India. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Jalgaon. Bombay. King of Oudh. The title of Khdn Bahddur was conferred on January 1. Sarddr Bahadur. KASIM HUSAIN TAJ . Khdn Bahddur. Residence: Pataudi. C. See Jammu and Kashmir KASIM ALI. Mirza Bahadur. KASHIRAS SARVE. His Highness the Mahdrdjd Bahadur of. KASIM HAJI MITHA. Residence: Gwalior. and 134 . Prince.

Besides . A ruling chief . Rdjd Bahadur of. and keep order on the frontier and perform other police duties under the Khandesh Superintendent of Police. Seth. Residence: Kassalpura. Residence : Jaipur. The title is personal. Madras. it was originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Mahi Kantha. 1887. Rdjd of. Seth. KATEHRA. Thakur Manaji. Residence: Kamthi. is about 500 square miles . The population of the State is about 400. its population rather over 10. Chief of. Rai Bahadur. b. Residence : Calcutta. KASTUR CHAND. A ruling chief. 1890. Chandra Singh Rahi Padri. called Sibandis. Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family. The title is personal . Bengal. KASTUR CHAND. chiefly Bhils. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Central Provinces. The Mewas Chiefs maintain a force of irregulars. which is one of the Mewas States in Khandesh. See Sardar Singh. by the British Government. KASSALPURA. KATARI. Thakur of. b. 1866. who collect the revenue. See Partab Bahadur Singh. The area of the State. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family.000. and was conferred on February 16. and was recognized on December 16. attend the Chiefs. KATHI.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA accordingly bears this title as a personal or courtesy title. 1823. Bombay.

Bombay. Central India. Belongs to a Makwanna Thakura (Hindu) family. Thakur of.362. are bound. KAT0SAN. His father was the Thakur Ram Singh of Pandaria. claiming descent from Sham Chand. A ruling chief . November 13. if called upon by their Chiefs. Thakur of. KATHIWARA. Rani of. KATIARI. 1874. Thakur of. b. Thakur Bahadur Singh. to furnish from 30 to 50 bowmen apiece. from whom the present Thakur is thirteenth in descent. KAVASJI. Belongs to a Raj Gond (aboriginal) family. see also Sarnet Singh. January 31. naiks. b. Bhopawar. 1849. See Mahtab Kunwar. Thakur Parhatsinghji Adaji. 1839. Hindus and Bhils. its population is 86. Thakur Rajpal Singh. Bilaspur. Thakur of. Residence : Kathi wara. A ruling chief . KAUSIL KISH0R PARSHAD MALL (of Majhauli). 1876. Residence : Kathi. chiefly Hindus. b. Residence : Katosan. a considerable number of Bhil headmen. 1897. Cen- . The area of the State is 887 square miles . its population is 2376. See Himmat Singh . The area of the State is 68 square miles . KAWARDHA. KATRA BALKHERA.these irregulars. The population of the State is about 1743. Bombay. See Majhauli. Mahi Kantha. Succeeded to the gadi December 11. A ruling chief . Residence: Kawardha. Succeeded to the gadi June 1. The Thakur maintains a military force of 39 infantry. See Kawasji. Succeeded to the gadi in 1865. Rdjd. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Khandesh.

The title is personal . Residence : Ahmadabad. KAWASJI E. 1899. Bombay. 1894. KAWASJI HATTI DARU. and THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . b. June 27. 1878. Khan Saheb. b. KAWASJI JAMSHEDJI LALKAKA. Central Provinces. and has issue two sons — Jahangir. 1889.tral Provinces. CLE. KAWASJI DINSHA ADENWALA. b. Manikbai. and Kaikhushro. Khan Saheb. Residence : Bombay. The title was conferred on February 21. Khan Saheb. KhdnBahcidur . Belongs to a Parsi family. December 3.1884. Created a CLE. daughter of Nasarwanji Khurshidji Sabavala of Surat. September 19. Khan Saheb. The title is personal. April 1881. PATEL. KAWASJI H0RMASJI DADA CHARJI. 1896. son of Jamshedji Dosabji Lalkaka. and was conferred on January 1. for eminent services rendered to the State in the Postal Department. Received the title on June 3. Is a Justice of the Peace. 1875. KAWASJI KAIKHTJSRTJ JASSAWALA. Married. Residence: Seoni. 1851. The title was conferred on January 1 . Residence: Bombay. May 29. Acted as Deputy-Postmaster General of the Central Provinces and Berar in 1889. Residence: Aden. on May 26. 1873. and of Rajputana in 1890.

Oudh. KAZI. ^ Residence: Meerut. Thakur Sheodan Singh. The Mirza Bahddur is the grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. 1848. Nawdb Bahadur. NorthWestern Provinces. Thdkur of. . KAZIM HUSAIN KHAN. Central India. Belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. Pandit. Muhammad. King of Oudh. being a son of the Nawab Nuazzam-ud-dauld Bahadur. KAZIM All KHAN (2). hting a son of the Mirza Azimus Shan Bahadur. being a son of the Nawab Ikhtiar-ud-daula Bahadur. Residence : Lucknow. KEDAR NATH. King of Oudh. Rdjd. KAZIM AH KHAN (1). Khurshed Jah. The title was conferred on January 1. Oudh. Rai Bahadur. Residence : Kayatha. Mirza Bahadur.— A prefix. The Nawab Bahadur is a great-grandson of the late Saddat Ali Khan. Nawab Bahadur. KAZIM ALI. See Muhammad. Residence: Oudh. by a daughter of that monarch. Residence : Lucknow. 1894. Muhammad (of Paintipur). who was a grandson of that monarch. Indore.135 was conferred on May 24. Residence: Aden. b. King of Oudh. See Muhammad. Mirza Bahadur. Prince. son of that monarch. Succeeded to the gadi 1863. KAYATHA. A ruling chief. 1889. EAZIM HUSAIN. The NaWib Bahddur is a grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah.

Sarddr. Rai Bahadur. The title is personal. Is Zamindar of Kasimpur. After his death his three sons. Rai Bahadur. son of Laha Singh. and Mohar Singh. Residence : Bali. Bengal. head of the Sikh misl or confederacy known as Sukarchakia. The title is personal. Sarddrs Fateh Singh.KEDAR NATH CHATTARJI. and the Mahdrdjd Ranjit Singh confiscated his jdgirs. with his son. Mohar Singh subsequently retired to Benares. Residence : Kasimpur. was taken into the service of Sardar Charat Singh. 1884. and served with distinction under Charat Singh's son. KEDAR PRASSANNA LAHIRI. and under his grandson the Mahdrdjd. Received the title on January 1. Sarddr Daydl Singh . fell in battle in the service of Sardar Charat Singh. Daydl Singh. Sardar Amar Singh. 1885. Sarddr Laha Singh. rose into favour with the Mahdrdjd . Sarddr Daydl Singh. Bengal. received a jdgir. who. and grandfather of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. Bengal. 1898. SINGH (of Khiva). His brother. Belongs to a Sikh family descended from the Sarddr Rai Maha Singh . and the last especially distinguished himself in an action with the Afghdns at Khiva in the Gujrat district. Residence: Howrah. and was conferred on May 24. KEDAR NATH KUNDU CHAUDHRI. and was conferred on June 6. Rai Bahadur. The title is hereditary. Rajshahi.

see also Rdm Singh. b. Sarddr Kishan Singh was loyal in the time of the Multdn rebellion of 1848-49 . KEONTHAL. and later. the Chiefs of Thiog. Ghund. 1813. in the time of the Mutiny of 1857. See Khenda . leaving Kishan. KENDA. 1852. A ruling chief . He died in 1860. and Sarddr Kehar Singh is the surviving member of the family. he rendered good service to Government. fought in the battle of Attock. After the expulsion of the Gurkhas a portion of the State was made over to the Mahdrdjd of Partidla. and his son. and Ratesh . for which he received some valuable jdgirs. a child of two years of age. died two years afterwards. He died in 1832 . Koti. Punjab. Rdjd of. He is also known as the Sarddr Nand Singh. viz. Succeeded to the gadi August 23. Belongs to a very ancient Rdjput family. and of 136 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . Madhan. Gujrat District. where he was severely wounded . when the title of Rdjd was conferred on Rdnd Sansar Sain for his services in the time of the Mutiny. and was rewarded for it.(grandfather of the present Sarddr). 1882. that bore the title of Rand from early times till 1857. and the remainder was confirmed to the then Rand by a sanad of the British Government in 1815. and he was again wounded in the expedition to Kashmir. Residence : Khiva. Kheri. He has six feudatory Chiefs subordinate to him. Sarddr Bishan Singh. Thdkur of. Raja Balbir Sain.

The invasion was unsuccessful. the last reigning Raja of Assam. See Chirakal. who were rulers in Assam for many centuries. From him the fourth in succession. 1861. KERALA VARMA VALIYA KOIL TAMBURAN. its population is 31. Residence : Keonthal. KEROWLEE. See Kishori. was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on May 25. November 1852. The Raja maintains a military force of 108 infantry and 2 guns. The area of the State is 112 square miles . and was conferred on February 2. The title is personal. Valiya Rdjd of. Punjab. See Kottayam. Rdjd. KESARI. and the Ahom .these the first four are tributaries. His Highness the Mahdrdjd of. Is the consort of Her Highness the Senior Rani of Travancore. 1895. Belongs to the historical Ahom dynasty. KERALA VARMA RAJA.154. Rdjd. KERALA VARMA RAJA. See Karauli. C. Rdjd. adopted the Hindu name of Jayadhajiya Singh . and are said to be originally Shans from Burma. The first Raja of the dynasty who adopted Hinduism is stated to have been Chuhum-Pha. KESHAB KANTA SINGH. the Raja being the grandson and representative of the late Raja Chandra Kanta Singh.S. Raja Chutum-Hla. Valiya Rdjd of. Travancore.I. chiefly Hindus. Residence : Trivandrum. and he was reigning at the time of the Mughal invasion by Mir Jumla under the orders of the Emperor Aurangzeb. who succeeded to the gadi in 1497 a.d. h. Simla Hills.

Assam. See also Kishori. KESOBATI KUMARI. at the close of which Assam was ceded by Burma to the British Power. and was conferred on January 1. who succeeded to the gadi in 1695 . 1864. Rao Bahadur. KESRI. Residence : Gauhati. Succeeded to the title on March 16. Then followed an invasion of the Burmese. KESHAVRAO BHASKARJI. . The family cognizance is an Arowan (Royal Umbrella) and Sripus Kalki (Golden Head-dress). The title is hereditary. The greatest of the dynasty was Raja Rudra Singh.Raja extended his frontier to Goalpara. and the grandson of the latter is the present Raja. November 24. Musjamat. Raja Gaurinath Singh was the titular Raja when the British first sent a force into Assam in 1792 to restore him after his expulsion by the Koch Raja of Darrang. 1899. I. Rao Bahadur. Residence: Bombay. 1898. Residence : Allahabad. and in the next century their power decayed. The title was conferred on January 1. KESOWJI NATHU SAILOR. Rai . Received the title on January 2. KESRI NARAYAN. The title is personal. Santal Parganas. Rdni. Residence: Hemuie. who ruled the country till the first Burmese war . Raja Gaurinath Singh had been succeeded in title by his brother. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 1895. Residence : Bombay. and of ancient origin. 1877. Bengal. Raja Chandra Kanta Singh .

ThdAr. Centrd Provinces.). the Maharaja of Jaipur in Rajputana. Two . Prattlpendra Deb. KET. a brother of Adi Bhanj. which then comprised the two States of Moharbhanj and Keunjhar.KESRI SINGH (of Lakhnadon). Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. and received as her dowry the State of Hariharpur. The following is the local tradition as to the way in which the Keunjhar Rajas got the patronymic of Bhanj. the Thaknr being the representative of one of tie ancient Chiefs of the Seoni district. Maung. Burma. after the name. the daughter of the Gajapati King of Puri. July 27. Seoni. Kyet thaye zaung shnn Salwe ya Min.v. KEUNJHAR. thirty-four generations back. The title is personal and was conferred on June 1. Rdjd of. the founder of the Moharbhanj State (q. 1849 . a son of Man Singh. Maharaja Dhanurjai Narayan Bhanj Deo. Residence : Lakhnadon. came to visit the shrine of Jagannath THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 137 in Puri. Ii means "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour. A ruling chief . 1861. and in which its borders were enlarged : — Jai Singh. Residence : Yaw. in which the State got the name of Keunjhar.M. 1888. claiming descent from Joti Bhanj. b. succeeded to the gadi as a minor September 4. The title is hereditary." and is indicated by the letters K.S. He married Padmavati.

Jotipur Garh. and established a garh (fort) at Jotipur. retired to Puri and lived there He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the army of the Gajapati King of Puri. the elder of whom was named Adi Singh and the younger Joti Singh. and gained a victory for him in the battle of Kanchi-Cavery in the Madras Presidency. where he dwelt. and left it in possession of his younger son. be- . Soon after. and in commemoration of his conquest of the territory of Mayura Dhwaja. hearing of the success of Prince Adi Singh. Govind Bhang being offended by some reason or other with his father. Jai Singh separated from his killa a portion of land which at present goes by the name of Ni jgarh zillah. Adi Singh on his accession to the gadi changed the name of Hariharpur into Moharbhanj. with its adjoining villages. and deprived of his Zarnindari. and since then the headquarters and the killa itself are called Khendu-Jhar or Keunjhar. The boundaries of killa Keunjhar since its foundation by Joti Bhanj up to the reign of Govind Bhanj are laid down in the topographical maps which were prepared by Government between 1850 and 1862.j families. He was conquered by Prince Adi Singh. Joti Bhanj. The Gajapati King of Puri. Prior to his death. Since that time the title has been hereditary in the Moharbhanj and Keunjhar Rd. after his own name. conferred on him the title of Bhanj. Thereupon the latter left Moharbhanj. was annexed to killa Keunjhar and called Jotipur Pir.sons were horn to him. Subsequently he removed his headquarters to a place where there was a spring (Jhar) in an ebony (kendu) forest . In Mauza Rarua in killa Hariharpur there was a petty Zamindar named Mayura Dhwaja in possession of five pirs. called it and the villages comprised in it Adipur Pir. Trilochan Bhanj.

January 1. 1877.d. In 1794 a. and on his return from Puri he was installed on the Keunjhar gadi. but including nearly 20. Residence: Keunjhar. it still pays its tribute through the former. Jainirdan Bhanj married Krishnapriya.ing informed of his father's death. The Mahar4ja maintains a military force of 2949 infantry and 32 guns. The title of Maharaja was conferred on the present Chief as a personal distinction. The area of the State. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. and received as dowry the Zamindari of Pal Lahera. It is commonly known as Anandpur. which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. he got the permission of the Puri Raja to return home. The cognizance of the family is a peacock with the tail spread. and though the latter was subsequently made independent. chiefly Hindus. is 3096 square miles . it was formally conferred by the British Government in 1874. The title of Raja is hereditary in this family. the petty Zamindars of Pal Lahera combined with the ryots of that State and opposed Janardan Bhanj 's possession of Pal Lahera.l Lahera .612. its population is 215. which adjoins the eastern border of the Keunjhar State. Oinssa.000 belonging to various aboriginal tribes. and dates from the period of the Mahratta dominion in Orissa . On the death of Krishnapriya in 1825. the R&amp. the daughter of Manipal and grand-daughter of Arnapurna. Before his departure he obtained as a reward from the | Ra ja the ^ Zamindari of Athgarh. From 1794 to 1825 the Raja of Keunjhar had full authority over P&amp.ni of Pal Lahera. Since that date the zillah of Athgarh has remained annexed to killa Keunjhar. .

Rdjd of. C. 1891. 1890. Created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on June 22. A ruling chief. Her Highness the Nawab. 1897. KHAEtBAKHSH KHAN. On January . 1896. See Ramnarayan Singh. KHAIRA. 1896. February 19. KHAIRAGARH. Kathidwar. 1866. 1879.T. and recognized on December 16. Khan Bahadur. Succeeded to the c/adi on the death of Lai Umrao Singh. last titular Nawab of the Carnatic. Marri.S. The title is personal . and was conferred on March 11. 138 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA KHAIR-UN-NISA BEGAM. it was originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Residence: Jasdan. The Mir received the title of Khan Bahadur on May 20. Bombay. Mir. Residence: Madras. Belongs to a Kshatriya family that claims descent from the ancient Maharajas of Chutia Nagpur. and received the title of Rajd as a personal distinction on January 1. KHACHAR ALA CHELA. Princess. The title is personal. Residence : Baluchistan. KHADIJA BEGAM SAHIBA. Raja of. Residence: Madras. Kamal Narayan Singh.Bengal. b. Her Highness is the Shadi widow of His Highness the late Nawab Ghulam Muhammad Ghaus Khan.

that conquered Sind in 1783 a. the late Mir His Highness Sir Ali Murad Khan. Rani of.d. KHAIRPUR. its population is 86. the Mir Ali Murad Khan cordially supported the British policy. Raipur. Residence: Khairagarh. See Surat Kunwar. and the rest of Sind was annexed and incorporated in the British territory. } Mir of. A ruling chief. Talpur. The area of the State is 941 square miles . Mir Sohrab Khan Talpur. His Highness Mir Sir Faiz Muhammed Khan. KHAIRIGARH. and subsequently his nephew. During the first Afghan war. guaranteeing the succes- . the State of Khairpur re- tained its political existence as a feudatory of the Empire. and in 1832 Khairpur was recognized as a separate State from the rest of Sind. the victory of Miani (Meeanee) effected the conquest of Sind. after the close of that war. In 1866 a sanad was granted to His Highness's predecessor. Has recently succeeded his father. Central Provinces. In 1813 he ceased to pay tribute to Afghanistan. Consequently.C. Is the representative of the historical Baluch family called Talpur.000. the title of Raja was declared hereditary. 1898.I. chiefly Hindus. when most of the Sind Mirs were believed to be hostile. with his two sons. named respectively Mir Rustam and Ali Murad — the last-named being the late Mir of Khairpur — founded the Khairpur branch of the Talpur rulers of Sind. in a treaty with the BritishPower. E. G.1. Talpur. In that year Mir Fateh AM Khan Talpur established himself as Rais of Sind . Mir Sohrab Khan gradually extended his dominions until they extended from the Jaisalmir Desert on the east to Kachh Gandava in Baluclustan on the west. when.

Belongs to the same family as the Rajas of Hatisi in Damoh district. Bhopal. ThakurHargayan Singh. Mian Karim Bakhsh. 1863. the late Thdkur Hamir Singh. see also Sheoraj Singh. 1897. The area of the State is 5 square miles . Bombay. Central Provinces. A ruling chief. Residence: Khairpur. 1864.153. KHAJURGA0N. His Highness maintains a military force of 700 cavalry. Thdkur. The Thakur maintains a military force of 15 cavalry and 50 . Residence : Sagar. chiefly Hindus. in 1894. A ruling chief. Belongs to a Kshatriya Yadav (Hindu) family. Succeeded to the gadi December 24. but including more than 26. Central India. Succeeded his father. 774 infantry. The title is hereditary.sion according to Muhammadan law. KHAKSIS. 1859. This branch of the family obtained the jdgir of Mohli from the former Government of Sagar. Succeeded to the gadi in 1883. KHALAK SINGH (of Mohli). Thdkur of. b. its population is 129. Central Provinces. chiefly Muhammadans. His Highness was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on June 22. and 32 guns.000 Hindus. Belongs to a Pindari (Muhammadan) family. See Shankar Bakhsh Singh . Rand of. Midn of. Residence: Khajuria. and was originally conferred by the Raja of Benares. KHALTHAUN. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. See Raghunath. Sind. its population is about 8000. chiefly Hindus. KHAJURIA. Rdjd of. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. The area of the State is 6109 square miles . The population of the State is 467. b.

through a long . Rao Saheb. 1887. Bombay. Residence : Thand. and was con- THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 139 ferred on February 16. Residence: Mongye. The title is hereditary. having been originally conferred by the Chief of Anigundi on an ancestor. KHANDERAO SIDRAMAPA DESAI NADGAODA (of Kurbet). Sind. Burma. KHAN MUHAMMAD KHAN walad WALI MUHAMMAD KHAN. Gupte. Residence : Khalthaun.infantry. for having cleared the jungles of Gokak of the bandits who frequented them — and having been recognized by the British Government. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. Khdn Bahddvr. Central India. KHAM HS0I. Shriman Maha Naik Nadgaoda Nagnuriebirada Himori. The title is personal. The title is personal. Mir. 1891. This Burmese title {see Introduction) was conferred on May 30. KHANDERAO APPAJI. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Residence: Peshawar. The title has been continued for life. Residence: Shikarpur. Punjab. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. KHAN BABA KHAN. Gwalior. Belongs to a Mahratta (Hindu) family claiming descent from Jogi Nikumbi Naik.

" changed at a later date for " Raste. who entered the service of the Shahu Raja of Sat&amp. named Haribaji Naik.ra. Khanderao Nilkant Raste. and claims the hereditary rank of Sardar. Residence: Belgaum. with considerable grants of land. was a Member of the Bombay Legislative . and was succeeded by his son. named Bhikaji. Vishwasrao Khanderao.series of generations. had a daughter married to the Peshwa Narayan Rao . and rose to high honours. and was conferred on January 1. he served with great success in many campaigns. The Rao Bahadur was educated at the Poona College . in the district of Ratnagiri . The title of Rao Bahadur is personal." The founder of the family was named Ballah. 1877. at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. Belongs to a Konkanasth Brahman family. Is also a First Class Sardar of the Deccan. Khanderao Baba Saheb succeeded his father Sidramapa Balapa Desai. originally the family name was "Gokhle. KHANDERAO VISHWANATH RASTE. was appointed to a military command by the celebrated Nana Farnavis under the Peshwa Mahadeo Rao Narayan . he was granted a pension by the Government in 1819. His son. b. in which they acquired important positions. Bombay. His great-grandson. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India — when he also received a Medal of Honour. 1845. the present titleholder. His descendant Shamji Naik had three sons. The second of these. was the ancestor of this family. resident from early times in Velneshwar. the eldest. was a Sardar of the Deccan of the second class . Rao Bahadur.

seventy-one generations ago. The Rajas of Khandpard defeated these petty Chiefs. Him the said Mangraj defeated.Western Provinces. and the younger. A ruling chief . There was at that time a Chief ruling over a tract from Ogalpur to Harichandanpur in Khandpara. claiming descent from a younger son of the Nayagarh family. were savage aborigines. his grandson Narayan Singh. Received the title of Bahadur on July 24. and strengthened the State of Khandpara. and took possession of his territory. and their subjects. 1884-86 . Residence : Bahadurpur. and his great-grandson Balunkeswar Singh extended their dominions. 1837. Up to the reign of Raja Narayan Singh Mangraj. Harihar Singh. Jadunath Singh Mangraj. KHANDPARA. Subadar-Major. Sardhapur.Council. became Raja of Nayagarh. and Khedpada. Raja of. Khandpara extended on the . Kadua. North. The petty Chiefs who ruled within the jurisdiction of this State during these times. is a Magistrate for Poona. formed villages and civilized the country. as his share. Succeeded to the gadi February 28. Gradually in course of time and by dint of arms. his son Pitabas Singh. 1896. Ghuntsahi. KHANDKAR FAZL-I-RABBI. Residence : Poona. cleared the jungle. Khwandkhar. Rai Bareilly. Khan Bahadur. See Fazl-i-Rabbi. b. all in Nayagarh. and also for Kolaba. retained possession of four Garhs or forts. 1867. Bahadur. The RaVjii Raghunath Singh of Nayagarh had two sons. Raja Natobar Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai. viz. The elder son. Bombay. KHANDHAI SINGH. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. and a Justice of the Peace for the town and island of Bombay. gave education to the savages.

the founder of the Khandpara State. on the west to Balaramprasad in Daspalla. and on the south up to Jogiapali in Nayagarh. the Raja of Bod did not give the State to his adopted son Makund Deb Bhanj. and defended the Maharaja of Orissa from the attacks of his enemies. and gave the new State the name of Daspalla. During the reign of Raja Niladri Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai. He engaged the Raja of Bod. and after defeating him made the said Makund Deb Bhanj Raja over a part of Bod territory.140 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA east up to Banki. on the north to Kantilo. but gave it to another person whom he subsequently adopted as his son. which . and it was enjoyed from this time down to Balunkeswar Singh. and he consequently sought help from the Raja of Khandpara. whom he had brought from Moharbhanj. was a very powerful Chief. This gave offence to Makund Deb Bhanj. The latter gave him as a reward the title of Bhai Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai. the Maharaja of Nagpur. got the title of Mangraj from the Maharaja of Orissa. son of Raja Balunkeswar Singh Mangraj. Banamali Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai. gave the Raja a flag. Banamali Singh. Raja Jadunath Singh Mangraj. which has been enjoyed by successive Chiefs to the present day. and expert in war. Raghuji Bhonsle. During the reign of Banamali Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai. This Banamali was a brave and powerful Raja. the son of Balunkeswar Singh.

is still used., When Orissa was first conquered by the British Government, Raja Narsingha Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai gave assistance to the chief military officers of the British Government, and received an elephant and a cannon in recognition thereof. The present Raja is a son of the late Raja Krishna Chandra Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai ; and succeeded his brother, the late Kunja Vihari Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai, who died without issue in 1867. The title of Raja is hereditary in the family, and dates from the period of the Mahratta dominion in Orissa; it was formally recognized by the British Government in 1874. The cognizance of the family is a tiger's head. The State, which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, has an area of 244 square miles, and a

population of 66,296, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a military force of 1085 infantry and 12 guns. Residence : Khandpara, Orissa, Bengal. KHANIADHANA, Raja Chhatar Singh, Jdgircldr of. A ruling chief ; b. 1863. Succeeded to the gadi December 13, 1869. Belongs to the great Bundela (Rajput) family of Orchha, that has given ruling families to Panna, Datia, Ajaigarh, and most of the States of Bundelkhand. Amresh was a younger son of the Maharaja Udit Singh of Orchha, and received the territory of Khaniadhana as his portion. Much of this territory was taken away by the Mahrattas. Fourth in descent from Amresh was the Raja Guman Singh, who received a sanad from the British Government in 1863. Guman Singh died in 1869, and was succeeded by the present Jagirdar, who on January 1, 1877, at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress

of India, received the title of Raja as a personal distinction. The area of the State is 84 square miles; its population is 13,494, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a military force of 5 cavalry, 65 infantry, and 2 guns. Residence: Khaniadhana, Bundelkhand, Central India. KHANPUR, Rdjd of. See Jahandad Khan. KHARAL, Mian Sursinghji Sardarsinghji, Mian of. A ruling chief ; b. 1860. Succeeded to the gadi April 20, 1884. Belongs to a Koli (Muhammadan) family. The area of the State is 16 square miles ; its population 3189, chiefly Hindus. Residence: Kharal, Mahi Kantha, Bombay. * KHARAN, Sarddr of. See Naoroz Khan. KHARDA, Rdjd of. See Mukund Deb. KHARIAR, Thdknr of. See Padman Singh. KHARSEDJI RUSTAMJI THANAWAIA, Khan Bahadur, CLE. Received the CLE. on June 3, 1899. Is Diwanof Ratlam. Residence: Ratlam, Central India. KHARSEDJI RUSTAMJI, Khan Bahddnr. The title is personal, and was conferred on January 1, 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

141

Majesty as Empress of India. Resi-

dence : Baroda. KHARSIA, Thakur Balwant Singh, Thdlcur of. A ruling chief; b. 1855. Succeeded to the gadi September 26, 1876. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Residence : Kharsia, Bhopal, Central India. KHARSOWAN, Thakur Mahendra Narayan Singh Deo, Thakur of. A ruling chief; b. 1869. Succeeded his father, Thakur Raghunath Singh Deo, March 2, 1884, as a minor. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from a younger son of the ancient Porahat family, that came into Orissa in very early times from Jodhpur in Rajputana. The title of Thakur was originally bestowed by the Raja of Porahat, and has been conferred on the Chief as a personal distinction. The State (which is one of the Chota Nagpur Tributary Mahals) has an area of 149 square miles, and a population of 31,051, chiefly Hindus. The Thakur has a military force of 3 guns. Residence : Kharsowan, Singhbhum, Chota Nagpur, Bengal. KHEM SINGH, Bedi, The Hon. Baba Sir, K.C.I.E. See Baba. KHEMCHAND, Tahilrdm, CLE. See Tahilram. KHENDA, Thakur of. See Rani Singh. KHERAWARA, Thakur Vajesinghji, Thakur of. A ruling chief; b. 1847. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The area of his State is 27 square miles; its population is over 1300, chiefly Hindus. Residence: Kherawara, Mahi Kantha, Bombay. KHERI, Chief of. Is a feudatory of the Raja of Keonthal (q.v.), and rules over one of the Simla Hill States. Residence : Kheri, Simla Hills, Punjab.

KHERWASA, Thakur Partab Singh, Thakur of. A ruling chief; b. 1880. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1887. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 500, Hindus and Muhammadans. Residence: Kherwasa, "Western Malwa, Central India. KHET SINGH (of Gobra), Rdjd; b. February 4, 1842. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by one of the old Gond Rajas of Garha-

Mandla, and confirmed by Government . Is a descendant of Raja Karan, and rendered good service in the campaigns that followed the Mutiny of 1857. Residence: Gobra, Damoh, Central Provinces. KHETTAR (KSHETTRA) CHANDAR ADITYA, Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on May 25, 1892. Residence : Bengal. KHETTAR (KSHETTRA) CHANDAR BANARJI, Rai Bahadur. The title is personal, and was conferred on December 6, 1884, for services rendered in the Public Works Department. Residence : Calcutta, Bengal. KHLANDA, Madan Singh, Chief of . A ruling chief ; b. 1880. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor December 27, 1889. The population of the State is about 1100, chiefly Hindus. Residence: Khianda, Guna, Central India. KHTLCHIPUR, Rao Bahadur Amar Singhji, Rao Bahadur of. A ruling chief ; b. 1834. Succeeded to the gadi November 27, 1868. Belongs to a Khichi Rajput (Hindu) family, descended from Durjan Sal, a Khichi

Chief. The area of his State is about 272 square miles ; its population 36,125, chiefly Hindus. The Rao Bahadur maintains a military force of 45 cavalry, 202 infantry, and 2 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. The family has a white banner (with black silk tassel), bearing the effigy of Hanuman, the monkey-god. The Rao Bahadur's eldest son is named Lalji Bhawani Singh. Residence: Khilchipur, Bhopal, Central India. KHIMSIPUR, Rao of See Baisni, Thakurain. KHIRASRA, JarejaRaisinghji Jijibhai, Tdlukddr of. A ruling chief ; b. 1850. Succeeded to the gadi January 1, 1872. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The area of his State is 13 square miles ; its population is 4377, chiefly Hindus. Residence : Khirasra, Kathiawar, Bombay. KHIR0DA PRASAD PAL, Rai Bahddxir; b. 1852. The title was conferred on January 1, 1897, for liberality and public spirit. Residence : Sikandarpur, Hooghly, Bengal. KHITABAT KHAN. See Muhammad Ghaus, Shaikh.

142

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

KHITISH (KSHITISH) CHANDAR RAI (of Nadiya), Maharaja Bahadur; b. April 16, 1868. The title was conferred on January 1, 1890, as a personal distinction, when the Maharaja Bahadur came of age after a long

minority ; and it has been enjoyed by the Rajas of Nadiya (or Nuddea) for many generations, having been first conferred by the Emperor of Delhi on the Maharaja Rudra ten generations ago. Belongs to a Kulin Brahman family of the highest caste, claiming descent from the famous Bhatta Narayan, one of the five Brahman apostles whom King Adisur brought to Bengal from Kanauj. A far man bearing the seal and signature of the Emperor Alamgir is extant, in which the Raja Rudra is addressed as Raja. His great-grandson, the Maharaja Krishna Chandra Rai, received two farmdns from the Emperor Shah Alam, conferring on him the title of Maharaja. Since the establishment of British rule in Bengal each Raja of Nadiya in succession has been created a Maharaja Bahadur. The late Maharaja Satis Chandra Rai Bahadur, Raja of Nadiya, was eminently loyal to the Government, and exceedingly liberal, especially to his tenants and to educational institutions. He presented a beautiful park as the site for the Krishnagar State College of the Calcutta University, at the town of Krishnagar, which is the capital of Nadiya ; and he subscribed largely to the funds, both for the building and for the endowment of that important institution. The present Maharaja Bahadur was his son by adoption, and has only recently (1890) attained his majority. Residence: Krishnagar, Nadiya, Bengal. KHIVA, Sarddr of. See Kehar Singh. KHOJANKHERA, Thakur Bakhtawar Singh, Thakur of. A ruling chief ; b. 1860. Succeeded to the gadi in 1878. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The population of the State is about 500. Residence: Khojankhera,Western Malwa, Central India. KH0MAN SINGH, Bakhshi, C.S.I. See

Bakhshi. KH0RY, A. .M M Khan Bahadur. The title is personal, and was conferred on February 16, 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. Residence : Mhow, Central India.

KHUDA BAKHSH, Jamadar, Khan Saheb. The title was conferred on January 1, 1896. Residence: The Somali Coast. KHUDA BAKHSH, Maulavi, Khan Bahadur. The title is personal, and was conferred on January 1, 1883, as a reward for highly meritorious service as Government Pleader. Residence: Patna, Bengal. KHUDA BAKHSH, Shaikh, Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1895. Residence : Amritsar, Punjab. KHUDA KAKHSH KHAN walad JAM NINDO, Mir. The title is hereditary, the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. He is the only son of the Jam Nindo Khan, a member of the Sohrabani branch of the Talpur family. Residence: Hyderabad, Sind. KHUDADAD KHAN, Khan Saheb. The title is personal, and was conferred on January 2, 1888. Residence: Sukkur, Sind. KHUDADAD KHAN, Kazi, Arbab, Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on June 22, 1897. Residence: Quetta, Baluchistan. KHUDADAD KHAN imlad KHAIR MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. The title

has been continued for life, the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. Residence: Shikarpur, Sind. KHUDADAD KHAN RAZU KHAN, Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1892. Residence: Karachi, Sind. KHUMAN SINGH (of Ghatakheri), Thakur. The title is hereditary. Rest' dence : Nimar, Central Provinces. KHURDA, Raja of. See Mukund Deb. KHURSHID JAH, Bahadur, K.C.I.E., Sir, JVawdb, Shams-ul-Umara, Amir-iKabir. One of the Premier Nobles of the Hyderabad State. The Nawab Bahadur, who was born about the year 1838, is the present representative (with his brother, Sir Vikarul-Umara, q.v., and his late cousin, Sir Asman Jah) of the great and powerful Shamsiya family, the first

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

143

among the noble families of Hyderabad, which has been frequently connected by marriage with the Ruling House, and entrusted with the hereditary command of the Paigah or Household Troops of the Nizam. Descended from the famous captain, Shaikh Abul Khair Khan, Imam Jang, Shamsher Bahadur, who was a Mansabdar in Malwa under the Emperor Aurangzeb.

He attached himself to the fortunes of the great Asaf Jah, the founder of the Hyderabad dynasty, under whose banner he rose to the highest commands. In 1745 he defeated a Mahratta force, and under the successors of Asaf Jah, the Nizams Nasir Jang and Salabat Jang, he continued his successful career. In 1752 he died at Burhanpur, and was succeeded by his son, Abul Fateh Khan Teg Jang, who became the first Noble of the Nizam Ali, obtaining the command of the Paiaak or Household Troops, immense territorial possessions, and the titles of Shams-ud-daula, Shams-ul-Mulk, and Shams-ul-Umara. He died in 1786, when campaigning in Panghul, and was succeeded by his son, who at the early age of four had received from the Nizam the titles of Ba-ud-din Khan, Imam Jang, Khurshid-ud-daula, and Khurshid-ul-Mulk. He succeeded to all the honours of his father, and became a famous scholar and savant, receiving at various times the titles of Teg Jang, Shams-ud-daula, Shamsul-Mulk, Shams-ul-Umara Bahadur, and in 1827 the title of Amir-iKabir. In 1849 he became for a short time Prime Minister of Hyderabad. He died in 1862, leaving two sons, Umdat-ul-Mulk (who became Amir-iKabir) and Ikhtidar-ul-Mulk (who became Vikar-ul-Uinara). The former died in 1877, when the latter succeeded him in the family honours, and as CoRegent of the State, adding the title of Amir-i-Kabir to that of Vikar-ulUmara. He died in 1881, leaving two sons, the Nawab Sir Khurshid Jah Bahadur and the Nawab Sir Vikar-ulUmara (Ikbal-ud-daula, Bahadur). Sir Khurshid was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on February 16, 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty; and he has held the offices of Member of the Council of Regency,

and Member of the Council of State. The Nawab is a fine Persian and Urdu scholar, and has travelled in many parts of India. Like their late kinsman Sir Asman Jah, both Sir Khurshid Jah and his brother Sir Vikar-ul-Umara have shared the fortune of their ancestor, in allying themselves in marriage with Princesses of the Royal House of Hyderabad. In his palace at Hyderabad are to be seen the sword and armour of his ancestor, Abul Fateh Khan Teg Jang, a warrior of great size and height. Residences: Hyderabad; Shams-ul-Umara's Baradari, Hyderabad. KHUSHAL SINGH (of Eajaur), Rdjd; b. 1846. The title is hereditary ; the Raja being one of the Chiefs of the Chauhan Rajputs, and boasting a direct descent from Prithiraj, the last Chauhan Rajput Emperor of Delhi, whose romantic history is sung by every Hindu bard, and whose fall virtually transferred the sovereignty of India from the Hindus to the Muhammadans. Prithiraj perished in battle with Shahab-ud-din Ghori in 1193 a.d. Eighth in descent from him was the famous Bhoj Raj of Hansi, who reconquered Ajmir, the old home of the Chauhan Rajputs — Prithiraj having been the son of a Chauhan Raja of Ajmir by a daughter of the Tomara Rajput Raja of Delhi, Anang Pal, and having been adopted by his maternal grandfather at Delhi. Fifth in descent from Bhoj Raj was Dhira Raj, who migrated from Hansi to Bilram; and fourth in descent from him was Sakit Deo, who founded Sakit, and whose descendants were the Chauhan Rajas of Sakit and Rajaur. His grandson, Bhupal Deo, had two sons, Yahani Sahai and Udaicharan; the latter founded the family of the Chauhan

Rajas of Mainpuri, the former remained as Raja of Sakit and Rajaur. Seven generations later Raja Sawant Sen was driven out of these ancestral possessions by the army of Ibrahim Shah Lodi, Sultan of Delhi ; but after the subversion of the Lodi dynasty by the invasion of Babar and his Mughals, Sawant Sen's grandson, named Chakra Sen, was enabled to return 'to Sakit and Rajaur as a feudatory of the Mughal Emperor. Eight generations followed each other in peaceful possession of

144

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

the Raj under the strong arm of the Mughals ; and Raja Hari Singh in the time of Aurangzeo was famous for his prowess, won many battles, and was high in the favour both of that Emperor and of his successors, the Emperors Farukhsiyar and Muhammad Shah. But in the time of Hari Singh's son, Raj Singh, the country was given up to anarchy, and during this disturbed period Sakit was seized by the Nawab of Farukhabad, and was lost for ever to the Chauhan Rajas of Rajaur. Raj Singh's grandson was Raja Datta Singh; and the grandson of the latter was the late Raja Drigpal Singh, father of the present Raja. Raja Khushal Singh has two sons, Kunwar Lai Jagmohan Singh, born 1873 ; and Kunwar Lai Dharm Singh, born 1883. Residence: Rajaur, Etah, North- Western Provinces. KHUSHAL SINGH, Subadar-Major, Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred

for eminent military services on May 25, 1894. Residence : Burma. KHUSHALRAI SARABHAI, Rai Bahadur. The title is personal, and was conferred on January 1, 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Residence: Ahmadabad, Bombay. KHWAJA— A prefix. KHYRIM, A., Khur Singh, Seim of. A . ruling chief ; b. 1843. Succeeded to the (jadi December 4, 1871. The Seim is Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States, the population of which is about 24,000, and consists of Khasis and Christian converts. Residence : Khyrim, Khasi Hills, Assam. KINNU RAI, Rai Bahadur; b. 1829. The title is personal, and was conferred on June 6, 1885, in recognition of his loyal services during the time of the Mutiny in 1857, when he protected the Stud property of the Government at the risk of his own life. Residence: Ghdzipur, NorthWestern Provinces. KINWUN MINGYI MAUNG GATING, C.S.I. Created a C.S.I. on February 16,1887. Residence: Burma. KIRALI, Cholu walad Apsingh Naik, Chief of. A ruling chief; b. 1861. Succeeded to the gadi November 1,

1886. Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family. The State (which is one of the Dang States of Khandesh) has an area of 12 square miles, and a population of 1671, chiefly Bhils. Residence^ Kirali, Khandesh, Bombay. KIRAT CHAND (of Lambagraon), Mian.

The title is hereditary, the Mian being the brother of the late Raja Partab Chand of Lambagraon, and the uncle of the present Raja, Jai Chand (q.v.) of Lambagraon, who is the head of the great Katoch Rajput family of Kangra. The Mian is the younger son of Mian Rudra Chand of Lambagraon, who was the grandson of the Raja Tegh Chand of Kangra, and who became the head of the Kaugra family on the failure of the elder branch. Residence : Lambagraon, Kangra, Punjab. KIRPAL SINGH (of Dhin), Sardar; b. 1836. The title is hereditary. The Sardar is the head of a Jat family of Sikhs, descended from Sardar Parsa Singh. The latter was the nephew and heir of Sardar Sham Singh, who at the time of the decline of the Mughal Empire came from the district of Amritsar, conquered the territory of Dhin in the Ambala district of the Punjab, and settled there. Parsa Singh's grandson was the Sarddr Ranjit Singh, who was slain by Kanh Singh, and who was succeeded by his son, the present Sarddr. Residence: Anibala, Punjab. KIRTI SAH (of Tehri), Raja. See Tehri. KISHAN. See Krishna. KISHAN DATT SINGH (of Oel), Rdjd; b. 1861. Succeeded his father, the late Raja of Oel, on October 18, 1879. The title is hereditary, having been originally conferred by the late King of Oudh in 1849, and recognized by the British Government in December 1877. Belongs to the Janwar family of Kheri, Oudh, of which the elder branch is represented by the Raja Achal Singh (q.v .) of Kaimahra. But the late Rdjd of Oel, Rdjd Anrudh Singh, was recognized as the head of the Kheri Janwars on account of his

great wealth and ability. The family were originally Chauhdn Rdjputs in the service of the Sayyids of Pihdni, having migrated from Rdjputdna in the sixteenth century. In the time of

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

145

Sayyid Khurd, Jamni Khan Jan war became Chaudhri of Kheri in 1553 a.d., with the right to levy a cess on all the lands in that Pargand. His descendants gradually increased their possessions, the Chaudhri Parbal Singh Janwar owning Oel, Kaimahra, and Khogi , and his descendant, the Rai Than Singh, of Oel, owning many more villages. In 1838 Rai Umrao Singh was the head of the family. The Rai Bakht Singh, grandfather of the late Raja Anrudh Singh, built a large and handsome temple at Oel. The Raja has a son and heir, named Kunwar Baldeo Singh. Residence: Oel, Kheri, Oudh. KISHAN KUMAR, Rai (of Sahespur), Rdjd; b. December 25, 1848. The title of Raja is personal, and was conferred on May 24, 1882, the family title being Rai. Belongs to a Kshatriya (Rajput) family, said to have come from the Punjab, and settled in the district of Moradabad, in the reign of the Emperor Muhammad Shah, by whom the title of Rai was conferred on its then head. On the cession of Rohilkhand, Rai Atma Ram, greatgrandfather of the present Rdjd, was chakladdr of Bijnor, and subsequently he entered the service of the British Government. His grandson, the late

Rai Pardaman Kishan, rendered good services during the Mutiny of 1857-58, assisting the British officers who had taken refuge at Naini Tal by sending them money and information. For these services he was rewarded with a grant of estates. The present Raja received a Medal of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on January 1, 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India ; and a khilat at the Agra Darbar of February 10, 1879. He is an Honorary Magistrate. ?He has a son and heir, Kunwar Raj Kumar. Residence : Sahespur, Moradabad, North- Western Provinces. KISHAN KUNWAR (of Rdmpur), Rdni; b. September 1857. The title is hereditary, the Raja of Rampur being the acknowledged head of the Rahtor Rajputs in Northern India, and boasting direct descent from the famous Jaichandra, the last Rahtor Rdjd of Kanauj, who was slain in 1191 A.D., when the Empire of Kanauj was sub-

verted by Shahdb-ud-dinGhori. Their Highnesses the Mahdrdjds of Jodhpur and Bikanir (q.v .) are descended from the eldest son of Jaichandra, the former being the head of the whole Rdhtor clan ; and the Rdjd of Rdmpur is descended from his second son, who was named Jaipdl. Prajanpdl, the fifth in descent from Jaipdl, left Kanauj, and established himself at Khor, where the family remained for many generations . There Jaideo, fourteenth in descent from Jaipdl, was attacked by Altamsh, and driven out after a siege of twelve years. Eight generations later Karan Singh settled in the district of Budaun. His greatgrandson, Rdjd Pratdp Rudra, received a grant of territory from the Nawab of Farukhabad for assisting him against

the Rohillas; and subsequently the Rdjd Rdmsahai, twenty-eighth in descent from Jaipdl, established the family residence at Rdmpur in Etah, where it still remains. At the time of the cession of the territories of the Nawdb to the British, Nawdl Singh was the Rdjd of Rdmpur, and his grandson, the late Rajd Rdm Chandra Singh, was the husband of the present Rdni. He died on May 20, 1883, and was succeeded by his widow. The Rdni has a grandson and heir, named Ldl Jagmohan Singh, born in 1877. Residence: Azamnagar, Etah, Northwestern Provinces. KISHAN LAL, Pandit, Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1895. Residence : Mustafabad, Punjab. KISHAN SINGH, Sarddr ; b. 1847. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat (Sikh) family, descended from the Sarddr Gurbakhsh Singh, who acquired some territory in the Ambdla district by conquest in 1759 a.d. The representatives of the family rendered good service during the first Sikh war of 1845-46, and also at the time of the Mutiny in 1857. Residence: Ambdla, Punjab. KISHAN SINGH (of Rai), Midn. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Rdjput family, descended from Rdjd Indar Singh, who ruled in Shdhpur in the Kdngra district. He married a daughter of the Katoch Rdjd of Kdngra (see Jai Chand, Rdjd of Lambagraon, Kdngra), whither he fled when driven out of his territory by Rdjd Pirthi L

146

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

Singh ; and his grandson, Mian Ishri Singh, father of the present Mian, obtained a considerable jdgir from the Rajd Sansar Chand of Kangra, son of Raja Tegh Chand. Ishri Singh's sister was married to the Jammu Eaja, Dhian Singh. Residence: Rai, Kangra, Punjab. KISHAN SINGH, Milmyal, Rai Bahadur; b. August 13, 1850. The title was conferred on December 12, 1884, in recognition of his remarkable services to the State, and to science, as an explorer in Nepal, Great Tibet, Mongolia, and elsewhere. Belongs to a Rajburah family of Rajputs long settled in Kum&un, who, during the rule of the Chands and Gurkhas there, held lease of the Parganas of Johar and Dhanpur. In 1812 his father, Deo Singh, procured the release of two British subjects from Tibet. The Rai Bahadur has been deputed on exploration duty four times, and has received honours from the Royal Geographical Society, and the Geographical Society of France, as well as substantial rewards from the Government. Residence : Kumaun, North-Western Provinces. KISHANGARH, His Highness MaharajAdhiraj Sardul Singh Bahadur, G.C.I.E., Maharaja of. A ruling chief ; b. December 10, 1857. Succeeded to the (/add December 25, 1879. Is one of the Chiefs of the great R&htor clan of Rajputs (see Jodhpur), and belongs to the Kishansinghot sept or sub-clan, so called from Kishan Singh, who was the founder of this State and city, and was the second of the twelve sons of Raja Udai Singh of Jodhpur, nicknamed Mota Raja (the Fat Raja) by the Emperor Akbar. His Highness

is a Hindu of the Ballabhkul Vaishnava sect, and was the son and successor of the late Maharaja Pirthi Singh. He was married in 1870 a.d. to the eldest daughter of the Maharao Umed Singhji of Sirohi, and on January 1, 1892, was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. His Highness has only one son, the Maharaj-Kunwar Madan Singh, born November 2, 1884, who is now the heir-apparent, as in March 1880 the Maharaja had the sorrow of losing an elder son when only five years old.

The Maharaja has two younger brothers — Maharaj Jawan Singhji, and Maharaj Raghunath Singhji. The families most nearly related to His Highness are the Rdjwin (or royal) family groups of Fatehgarh and Ralaota, which are, however, connected with him only in the seventh and eighth degrees of relationship respectively. As descendant of the Mota Raja\ Udai Singh of Jodhpur, the Maharaja has sub-clan relationship with the Chiefs of Jodhpur and Bikanir in Rdjputana; Ratlam, Jhabua, Sailana, Sitamau, and other Rahtor Chiefs of Central India; and Idar in Gujarat. By marriage His Highness is related to all the other great Rajput Houses, being himself the head of one of the greatest and most illustrious; viz. with the Sesodias of Udaipur and Partabgarh, with the Kachhwahas of Jaipur and Alwar, the Hara Houses of Bundi and Kotah, the Bhatis of Jaisalmir, and the Jhalds and Shekhawats. Among the more important of these matrimonial connections, which are interesting as illustrating the inter-marriages of the most illustrious Rajput Houses, may be mentioned the following : —

With, the Sesodias of Udaipur (the family oj "The Sun of the Hindus"). 1. His Highness's grandmother (widow of the Maharaja Mokham Singh of Kishangarh) is a daughter of the Maharana Amar Singhji of Udaipur. 2. His Highness's eldest sister is Dowager Maharani of Udaipur, being a widow of the late Maharana Sajan Singhji. 3. His Highness's son and heir-apparent, the Maharaj -Kunwar Madan Singh, has been recently betrothed to the fourth daughter of His Highness the present Maharana Fateh Singhji. The Kachhwahas of Jaipur. His Highness's third sister is married to the present Maharaja Sawai Madho Singhji, Chief of Jaipur, and is the Maharjini of Jaipur. The KachModhas of Aliear. His Highness's second sister was married to the late lamented Maharaja Man gal Singhji, late Chief of Alwar, and was the (Pat) head Maharani of Alwar. The Haras of Bundi. 1. The late Maharaja Ramsingh of Bundi's mother was a Kishangarh Princess. 2. His Highness's niece, a daughter of Maharaj Jawan Singhji, has been recently betrothed to the younger brother of the present Maharaja of Bundi,

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

147

The Jhdlds of Jhalawar. His Highness's fourth and youngest sister is married to the Maharaj Rana Zalim Singhji, present Chief of Jhalawar, and is the (Pat) head Maharani of Jhalawar. To the above may be added that His Highness's mother was a Princess of the" Rana wat" (Sesodia) clan, being a daughter of the late Raja Dhiraj Madho Singhji of Shahpura. In addition to the titles given above, formally recognized by the Government as belonging to the Maharaja of Kishangarh, His Highness also bears those of Vmdai Rajhai and Buland Makan. The area of the State is 724 square miles; its population is 112,633, chiefly Hindus, but including 8492 Muhammadans and 6295 Jains. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 499 cavalry, 2000 infantry, and 51 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Arms. — Argent, three towers proper, two and one ; in chief a Barry of 5 — gules, vert, argent, azure, or. [This is the Rajput Pancharanga ; see Jaipur.] Supporters. — Two horses. Crest. — A falcon rising, proper. [This is the sacred Garur, the cognizance of the Rahtor Rajputs; see Jodhpur.] Motto. — The Hindi words Niti Riti, meaning "Law and Usage." Residence: Kishangarh, Rajputana. KISHEN DAS, Sri, Rai Bahadur. See Sri Kishen Das. KISHEN SINGH, Bhai, Sarddr. Received the title on January 2, 1899. Residence : Kurram, Punjab Frontier. KISHOR SINGH (of Jhamari), Rao; b. 1840. The title is hereditary, and the Raos of Jhamari formerly held great possessions in the Sagar district. The title was originally conferred by the Raja Mori Pahludh of Chanderi,

and has been recognized by the British Government. The Rao has two sons, the elder (who has the courtesy title of Diwan) being Diwan Parichhat Singh Jangjit, and the younger being Jujhar Singh. Residence: Jhamari, Sagar, Central Provinces. KISHORI. See also Kesri. KISHORI LAL (of Gurgaon), Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on January 1, 1891. Residence: Rajputana and Malwa Railway, Bombay. KISHORI LAL (of Muzaffarnagar), Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred

as a personal distinction on January 1, 1892. Residence : Marwar, Rajputana. KISHUN. See Kishan. KIZHAKKE KOVILAGAM MANA VDXRAMA, Raja. See Calicut. KIZHAKKE MELEDATHDL KUNJI KOMBI ACHCHHAN (of Palghat), Valiya Rdjd. See Palghat. KODANDA RAO PANTULU, P., Rao Bahadur. See Pandurangi. KODE NARAYANASWAMI NAYUDU, Rai Bahadur; b. 1846. The title is personal, and was conferred on February 16, 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Entered the Government service in 1874 ; has rendered good service both in the Central Provinces and in Madras. During the Rumpa and Gudiem dis-

were at length .ra. C. A ruling chief . and proclaimed him Raja of the Mahrattas. 1884. G.and asserted his rights as the heir of his grandfather Sivaji.turbances. Is a descendant of the Mahratta family of Sivaji the Great. Rdjd of. and Sambhaji. when his half-brother Sambhaji (son of Raja Ram by another wife) succeeded him. fixed his capital at Satara.C.I. The contending claims of 148 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Shahu.. Madras. Tara Bai.L See Kerala. who was an idiot child of ten years. Residence : Vizianagram. Raja of Kolhapur. b. Sivaji's elder son Sambhaji was taken prisoner by the Emperor Aurangzeb. 1875. The latter died in 1712. and ultimately executed . being descended from Raja Ram.S. 1879-86. KOIL TAMBURANG. Meanwhile Raja Ram had died. Vizagapatam. served with much distinction in the Madras Police. but obtained his liberty in 1707. a woman of great ability and courage. and his widow. and removed Tara Bai from the administration. assumed the administration of Kolhapur in the name of her elder son Sivaji II. the founder of the Mahratta Empire. Raja of Sat&amp. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor on March 17. His Highness Sir Shahu Chhatrapati Maharaj. and husband of the famous Tara Bai.S. and his son Shahu was long detained in prison by the Mughals. his second son. KOLHAPUR. and again in the Golugonda Hill disturbances of 1891..

See Kamal. Bavda. and the Government appointed a relative. as Regent. and is entitled to a salute of 19 guns. the Chief of Kagal. His Highness. and its population is 800. In 1811 a treaty with the British Power was concluded. b.died in December 1883. A descendant. maintains a military force of 255 cavalry. Ichalkaranji Tor gal. Mahant of. His adopted son was Sivaji Maharaja Chhatrapati IV. but including 33. 1902 infantry. by His Highness the present Raja. of whom the most important are those of Vithalgarh. Sivaji III.022 Muhammadans and 46. with his feudatories. chiefly Hindus. and who was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on January 1. Residence: Kolhapur. and the independence of Kolhapur acknowledged. In 1870 Raja Ram visited Europe. 1887. K0NDKA.. A ruling chief . The Raja has eleven feudatory Chiefs subordinate to him. who was the eldest son of the Regent. Bombay. Kapshi. Kagal. 1895.732 Jains. by adoption. and 67 guns . Mahant Sham Kishor Das. Sivaji IV. He became insane. 1838. and died at Florence on his return journey. by which Kolhapur became a feudatory . Succeeded to the gadi December 13. K0M0L. or Chief Priests. and Datva. Raja Ram. Belongs to a Bairagi (Hindu) family of Mahants.189. he received some additional territory. and was succeeded.. The area of the State is 2816 square miles. . died in 1866. and as the Raja remained faithful to the British cause in the war against the Peshwa in 1817.settled in 1731. who was made a Knight of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. and on his deathbed was allowed to adopt his sister's son. when precedence was surrendered to Satara.

and was formally conferred by the British Government in 1875. 1864. Chota Nagpur. 1857. Is descended from Madhu Singh.the regulations of his order permitting marriage. Succeeded to the gadi April 4. The area of the State (which is one of the Chota Nagpur Tributary Mahals) is 1631 square miles. chiefly Hindus. K0TAH. See Rampdl Singh. Like His Highness the Maharao Raja of Bundi. who came to Korea from Rajputana about 600 years ago. b. its population is 32. Maharao of. His Highness Maharao Umed Singh Bahadur. A ruling chief . A ruling chief . was granted the feudatory Chiefship of . Rdjd of.d. b. Succeeded to the gadi June 11.979. the second son of the Rao Ratan of Bundi. Rdjd of. See Muhammad Khan. Rdjd of. 1889. K0T KHAI. the Maharao is one of the Chiefs of the Hard sept of the great Chauhan clan of Rajputs — Kotah forming with Bundi the tract known for centuries as Haraoti. claiming descent from a Chauhan Rajput Chief named Dhawal Singh. 1873. The title of Raja is hereditary in the family from early times. Rand of. Manbhum. Raja Pran Singh Deo. and conquered the country. The area of the State is 174 square miles . after the name of that sept. as a minor. Central Provinces. Residence: Kondka. KOREA. and its population is 29. See Jai Singh. who about the year 1625 a. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Residence: Korea. Bengal.846. K0T SARANG. K0RI SIDHAULI. Raipur. chiefly Hindus.

who. v. The late Maharao. who afterwards became the Emperor Shah Jahan. as feudatories of the Empire. was attacked by Jaipur and by the Mahrattas. succeeded his father in 1866. chiefly Hindus.Kotah and its dependencies. and this part became a separate Principality. Zalim Singh. under the name of Jhalawar (q. Chhatra Sal Singh. as a minor. Kotah. it was arranged that Zalim Singh's descendants should receive independent charge of a part of the State. Ultimately. Ajmir. who afterwards became the Emperor Aurangzeb. the present Maharao. to whom the Maharao gave up the active task of ruling the State. Early in the present century.275. and on his death in 1889 was succeeded by his adopted son. Mokand Singh was succeeded by his son Jagat Singh. with three of his brothers. The area of the State is 3797 square miles . . His Highness was a student in the Mayo College. Similar services to the latter Emperor were rendered by Madhu Singh's son and successor. greatly weakened by intestine dissensions. for his services to the Emperor JaMngir against his rebellious son. in THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 149 1838. to whom it became tributary. Mokand Singh . During a Ministry of forty-five years Zalim Singh raised the State of Kotah to great prosperity. It was only saved from ruin by the extraordinary abilities of its great Minister. ). fell in a battle at U jjain* agaiust Shah Jahan's rebellious son. its population is 517.

Bhumia of. Bhumia Moti Singh. Residence : Kothi. The area of the State is 90 square miles .1850. Mir of. A ruling chief . has an area of 6 square miles. KOTHI.866 Muhammadans and 4750 Jains. and were confirmed in possession by the British Government. whose father was Raja Ran Bahadur Singh .386. KOTAHA. b. Belongs to a Bhildla family. A ruling chief. succeeded the Raja Bahadur Bhagwat Bahadur Singh. and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns. Baghelkhand. its population is 18. Rdjputdna. and 4 guns. KOTHIDE. Jareja Jethiji. Central India. Raja Bahadur Avadhendra Bahadur Singh.but including 32. His Highness maintains a military force of 949 cavalry. 1828. Rdjd of. Succeeded to the f/adi January 8. Kathiawar. /&gt. 1870.. which is tributary to the Nawdb of Jundgarh. and a population of 2366. 1857. Belongs to a Baghel Rajput family (Hindu). KOTHARIA. Tdlnkddr of. chiefly Hindus. The family banner is orange in colour. Residence: . chiefly Hindus. and the family have been seated in Kothi for a great many years. Residence : Kotharia. The Rdjd maintains a military force of 35 cavalry. and 148 guns. displaying a figure of the Garur or sacred falcon of the Hara Rajputs. 210 infantry. 5756 infantry. A ruling chief . b. The Chief maintains a military force of 4 cavalry and 38 infantry. Residence : Kotah. 1896. See Muhammad Bakar Ali. Succeeded to the f/adi January 8. Succeeded to the gadi in 1860. The population of the State is about 500. The State.

v. 142 infantry. b. but fled to Travancore a second time on Tippu's invasion in 1789. Residence: Kotra Sangani. Bhopdwar. K0TI. and 4 guns. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor November 23. The late Valiya Rdjd of Kottayam was called Shangara Varma Rdjd. Subsequently they appear to have acquired some territory from the Rdjd of Chitrakal in Malabar. Valiya Rdjd of. The area of his State is 74 square miles . returned in 1782. by which the succession is to the offspring of its female members. 1842. and rules over one of the Simla Hill States. and to have come from the east and acquired sovereignty in Waindd. The Thdkur maintains a military force of 8 cavalry. Central India.Kothide. among whom the next eldest male after the Rdjd is his heir-apparent. Thakur of. K0TTAYAM. Belongs to a Jareja Rdjput family. follows the Marumakkatayam law of inheritance. Belongs to a family that claims to be of Kshatriya origin. Thakur Mulvaji Togaji. The family. Madras. Punjab. and died there. b. Chief of. A ruling chief . He receives an allowance from Government in compensation for the estate that belonged to his ancestors.). Simla Hills. chiefly Hindus. and he was succeeded by the present Valiya Rdjd under the Marumakkatayam law. 1887. Kdthidwdr. either by a gift or in war. On Haidar's invasion of Malabar the Rdjd and all his family fled to Travancore . K0TRA SANGANI. Residence : Koti. 1873. its population is 8642. Kerala Varma Raja. Is a feudatory of the Rdjd of Keonthal (q. . Residence : Malabar. like that of the Zamorin of Calicut and other Chiefs of Malabar.

" The Rai Bahadur rendered excellent service as DeputyMagistrate and Deputy-Collector of Diamond Harbour. in 1823. born 1854 . Rat Saheb . and known as the Baira Rais . Khdn Bahadur. Central Provinces. D. Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1. Received the title on January 1.K0TJRE KHAN. May 20. now settled in the Dacca district. Rai Bahadur. Residence : Deogan. Vice-President of the East Bengal Association. Jatoi. b. " for long and meritorious service under Government. KRISHNA CHANDAR RAI. The title is personal. formerly of Murshidabad. KRIPA SHANKAR. physician. who served under the Nawab Shaista Khan. b. 1885. appointed to the service of the Government of Bengal in 1841. Is an Honorary Presidency Magistrate of Calcutta. 150 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA KRISHNA BAKHSH EAI. etc. as a personal distinction. 1897. Hem . for good service in the Education Department. and was conferred on July 16. Is Zamindar of Deogan. Residence : Narsinghpur. Educated at Dacca College . 1898. Palamau. Bengal. Vipina Chandra Rai. born 1852 .. of the Judicial Service. He has five sons — Lalit Chandra Rai. Created a Khdn Bahddur. descended from Sri Chandra Rai. January 2. Punjab. and received from him a khilat. 1848. 1893. Belongs to an old Baidya family. Residence : Muzaffargarh. Honorary Magistrate of Muzaffargarh.L.

Dacca. born 1867 . Residence : Purbasthali. See Narendra. Residence : Hazaribagh. Sir Narendra (Deb).. Bengal.Chandra Rai. Gnan Chandra Rai. The title was conferred on May 21.L.I. 1898. Mahdrdjd Bahadur. KRISHNA.C. KRISHNA PRASAD SINGH. Bengal. See Hatwa. ifoi Bahddur. 1899. Sarat Chandra Rai. in recognition of his eminence as a Sanskrit scholar. Received the title on June 3. 1892.. Rai Bahddur. Rai. Nadiya. KRISHNA CHANDRA BANDOPADHYAYA (or BANERJI).L.. Rai Bahddur. conferred by the learned Pandits of the Sanskrit University of Navadwipa or Nadiya. B.. B. 1899. Residence : Baira. The title Nydyapanchdnana is a literary title or degree.. and refers to proficiency in the Nydya school of logic. Sir (of Hatwa). . born 1870. KRISHNA MOHAN MUKHARJI. The title was conferred. Bengal. M. Residence : Calcutta. K. for eminent services in the Judicial Department. KRISHNA PERTAP SINGH SAHI. Manikganj. Mahdmahopddhydya. Residence: Maimansingh.E. Nyayapanchanana. B. Received the title on June 3. KRISHNA NATH. Rai.A. Bengal.E. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. KRISHNA CHANDRA CHATTERJI.I. on May 24.A. Pandit. as a personal distinction.. born 1864 . K.C. Mahdrdjd Bahddur.

I. 1895. 1888. The title of Rao Saheb was conferred on May 25. The title . KRISHNA RAO BAPU SAHEB JADU. Rai Bahddur. Is the son of the late Lala Moti Ram Sah. Bombay. KRISHNA SAH.C. in recognition of his services as an Honorary Magistrate and Member of the District Board of Meerut. Residence : Meerut. as a personal distinction. The family has from time immemorial been bankers and landowners in the NorthWestern Provinces. KRISHNA SAHAI. March 18. 1856. Sir. as a personal distinction.E. The title was conferred on May 25. Residence: Dewas. Belongs to a Rajput family of the North-Western Provinces. Lala. Central India. KRISHNA RAO JALRAM. Residence : Nainital. who rendered distinguished services to the Government in the time of the Mutiny in 1857. The title was conferred on January 2. 1895. K. and received a handsome reward for them. North-Western Provinces. in recognition of his services as an Honorary Magistrate and Member of the Municipal Commission of Nainital. Rao Bahddur. b. North-Western Provinces. The Sardar was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 25. 1899. Residence : Gwalior.See Rai. Lala. The title was conferred on January 2. KRISHNA SINGH. for services as late President of the Council of Regency in Gwalior. 1895. Sardar. and that of Rao Bahadur on June 3. Pandit (Thakur of Bhoar). Rai Bahddur. Mahdmahopddhydya. April 2. Rao Bahddur. b. 1888. Residence : Malegaon. KRISHNA RAO MURLI. Central India. 1824. the well-known banker.

KRISHNAJI LAKSHMAN NALKAR. Residence : Ahmadabad. January 1. 1891 . Received the title on May 21. and was conferred on July 30. Vishwasraa. Bombay. and that of Diwan Bahadur on January 1.I. 1888. Residence : Nasik. for eminence in oriental learning. Madhubani. 1898. The title is personal. KRISHNARAO MALHARRAO. 1890. Rao Bahadur and Diwdn Bahadur. The Hon. Rao Saheb. C. Rao Saheb. Avargal. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 1886. Bengal. 1898. Residence: Calcutta. Received the title on May 21.is a personal one. KRISHNAMA CHARIYAR. KRISHNAJI RAMCHANDRA GURWARE. 1898. It entitles him to THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 151 take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. Is Honorary Magistrate. A Member of the Viceroy's Legislative Council. Darbhanga. Residence: Bhoar. The title is hereditary. Residence : Satara. and was conferred on January 1. Residence: Madras. KRISHNALAL OCHHAVRAM. Rao Saheb. Resi- . KRISHNAJI JAIRAM VILAIT. Bombay. Bombay. Vembakam. The title of Rao Bahadur was conferred'on January 1.K.

Bengal. Rao Bahadur. He had already received the title of Raja on February 23. 1!895. 1899. Bombay. He belongs to an old Kulin Brahman family. The title was conferred on January 1. Is Sanitary Commissioner of Baroda. Diwdn Bahadur. Residence: Baroda. Madras. R&amp. Residence : Travancore. and was conferred on June 1. originally called Sanyal.jshahi. and long settled at Bolihar in the district of Rajshahi. whose grandson was Ram Chandra Rai. Bengal. Received the title on January 2. Residence : Bezwada. His grandson was the Raja Rajendra Rai. for good service in the Opium Department. KRISHNASWAMI AIYAR. Rao Bahadur. KRISHNASWAMI AIYAR. KRISTO CHANDAR GHOSH. 1880. KRISHNARAO VINAYEK DHURANDHAR. KRISTENDRA RAI (of Bolihar). Padur Sitarama. The title was conferred on May 25. 1895. 1888.dence : Khandesh. The title was conferred on February 16. KRISHNASWAMI RAO. Appathurai. Rai Bahadur. Madras. father of the present Raja Bahadur. Residence : Bolihar. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Majesty. Diwdn Bahdduf. 1887. Residence: Madras. The title was conferred on January 1/ 1894. He rendered good service to the Government during the scarcity of 1874. Kanchi. as a personal distinction. Rdjd Bahadur. Is descended from Ram Rai Sanyal. whose adopted son was the Rdjd Shiva Prasad Rai. The title is personal. .

under the joint guardianship of SurgeonMajor (now Sir) Benjamin Simpson and Mr.) in Jalpaiguri. in March 1878. Was presented with medal and sword in 1877 at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. J. for which two guns were presented to His Highness by the British Government.v. A ruling chief . Was sent to England the same year to complete his education. from which family also descend the Bijni and Darung Houses of Assam. and the Panga family in Rangpur. St. in August 1863. secondly. H. in the Bankipur College. Succeeded his father.. During his minority the State rendered good service in the Bhutan war. Lieut. Rai Bahadur. Thdlcur of. since their first settlement in the plains . b. KUCH BEHAR. and was formally installed on his ancestral audi on .E. 1862. Keshub Chander Sen. KSHETTRA CHANDRA ADITYA. Returned to India in the spring of 1879. Bengal. the late Maharaja Narendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. See Himanchal Singh. in the Wards Institute at Benares . Mahd rdjd of. Married. first. His Highness was educated. 186365. G. Kneller. and next as a Law Student in the Presidency College. Belongs to a Kochi family that has held uninterrupted sovereignty for the last 382 years in this territory. -Colonel His Highness Maharaja Sir Nripendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur. See Khettar Chandar Aditya. Kneller. Calcutta. KUARPUR. the eldest daughter of the famous reformer.I. October 4. the Raikats of Baikanthpur (q. under the guardianship of Mr.C.Residence : Bankipur. Patna.

to take part in the rejoicings on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and established the " Anandamayi Dharmasala " (almshouse) in 1889. and granted a long term settlement of revenue to his subjects for thirty years. The Maharaja in 1888 established the Brahmo Somaj or the Reformed Church in the State of Kuch Behar. and presented house and lands at Darjiling. Was made Honorary Aide-de-camp to His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. He founded the Victoria College for higher education therein. His Highness established the India Club at Calcutta in 1882. assessments being made on the most approved principles. four . His Highness was appointed Honorary Major in the British Army in the same year. wherewith the Lowis Jubilee Sanitarium was started at that station in 1887. and was invested with the Insignia of Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress herself. by the LieutenantGovernor of Bengal. with the Maharani and children. He visited England in the Jubilee year 1887.152 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA November 8. The titles of Maharaja Bhup Bahadur were recognized as hereditary by the Government of India in 1885. the Maharani being invested with the Imperial Order of the Crown of India in the same year. with the rank of LieutenantColonel in the British Army. founded Nripendra Narayan Hall at Jalpaiguri in 1883. The Maharaja's age is now thirty. and he has issue. 1883.

Residence : Birbhum. but including 174. While in England in 1887 he received the distinguished masonic honour of Past Grand Senior Warden of England at the hands of the Most Worshipful the Grand Master.624. Residence: Kutch. installed District Grand Mark Master of Bengal.sons and two daughters. on June 30.— A prefix. Bombay. March 14. North-Western Provinces. one of the Maharaja's ancestors cut off the head of an enemy as an offering to the Goddess Kali). and 4 guns. KULA NAND. Khdn Bahadur. Darjiling. KUMARA VENKATA PERUMAL RAZ . KUDRAT AZIZ. Bengal. Residences: Kuch Behar. Rai Bahddur. b. KUMAR. Received the title for services in the famine of 1896 in Bundelkhand. 1887. Calcutta. chiefly Hindus. and is entitled to a salute of 13 guns. 1860. Babu. Shaikh. its population is 602. His Highness maintains a military force of 9 cavalry. Bengal. made District Grand Master of Bengal in 1890. The title is personal. The ancestral banner of the family displays a sword and a blade of grass (with which. Residence: Jalaun. KUMAR SHRI KALUBA. and was conferred on October 12. 1891. The crest is a "Hanuman. CLE. The area of the State is 1307 square miles . Was created a CLE. KUDRUT-ULLA. 176 infantry. See Muhammad Kudrat Aziz. according to tradition." holding a club in each hand.539 Muhammadans. 1849. The supporters are a tiger and an elephant.

came from Gaya about 1000 A. was taken under direct British protection after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 153 1815. Madras. KUMHARSAIN. KUMARAPURAM SHESHADRI AIYAR. Belongs to a family that was called the Bomma Raz (or " Bomrauze ") family. D. borne on its seal. The State. . See Sh'eshadri. Rdnd of. the family motto. is Karvetnagar Venugopdlaswdmi Sahdyam. 1851." Residence : Karvetnagar. Succeeded to the gadi November 12. 1899. North Arcot. A ruling chief. The family cognizance is a white flag with the device of a boar on its field . b. and confirmed by the British Government in 1802. Belongs to a Rajput family. by a sanad dated February 1816. Received the title on June 3. 1874. Rao Bahddur. Is the son of the late Raja of Karvetnagar. The title is hereditary. Residence : Madras.(of Karvetnagar). formerly a feudatory of Bashahr. Sir. Rana Hira Singh. whose founder. that rose to power in the district of North Arcot about 200 years ago. in consequence of the decline of the Vijayanagar dynasty.C.. meaning " May Venugopalaswami — the deity of Karvetnagar — assist.SJ. and acquired possession of the State by conquest. Kirat Singh. KUMARASWAMI MURUGESAM PHLAI. Raja. having been in the family from early times. Raja Kumara Bomma Raz. K.

and in consideration of his early attachment to British interests during the Gurkha war. b. Residence: Coimbatore. See Susang. The State was overrun by . after the name. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Maharaja of. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. The Rana maintains a military force of 45 infantry and 1 gun. Burma. Residence : Mone.M. KUNHIAR. 1836. Simla Hills. its population is 9515. The title was conferred on June 22.M. Kyet thaye zaung since Salwe ya Mm. descended from Bhoj Deo. Punjab. the Government confirmed the State to a collateral heir of the family named Rana Pritam Singh. 1897. Burma. KUN HMON. KUMUD KRISHNA SINGH (of Susang). for good and meritorious service. and was conferred on April 17. A ruling chief . Thakur Tegh Singh. Succeeded to the gadi in 1867. who in early times came from Jammu. Thakur of. Residence : Kumharsain. It means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour.Rana Kehr Singb died without issue in 1839. is 94 square miles. chiefly Hindus.S. The title was conferred on January 1. for distinguished service as an Inspector of Schools. who was succeeded in 1874 by the present Rana. b. KUN KYI (SAWBWA). The area of the State." and is indicated by the letters K. Mating. May 27. Madras. It is indicated by the letters K. Rao Bahadur. The title is personal.S. Residence: Ruby Mines. 1843. and conquered this territory. after the name. His successor was the Rana Bhawani Singh. which is one of the Simla Hill States. 1890. KUNATHAMAKOR NAGOJI RAO. Maharaja. 1897.

KUNWA KHERA. but on their expulsion by the British in 1815. claiming descent from Hari Rath. 1894. Rai Bahadur. who was the Diwan of Kalyan Sai. Chief of. and was succeeded by his . Nawdb of. of Kotwadi. The Thakur has a son named Shib Singh. the then Thakur. 1898. February 14. Residence: Allahabad. The present Thakur succeeded Rao Kishan Singh on the death of the latter in 1867. b. Punjab. Residence : Kunhiar. A ruling chief. Is Government Pleader. b. Belongs to a family descended from Jogi Rai.— A prefix. Khan Bahadur. its population is 1923. His descendant. Succeeded to the gadi January 25. Central Provinces. Raja. KUNWAR MUHAMMAD LUTF AH KHAN. chiefly Hindus. obtained Kurandwad in indm. March 20. Residence: Bhatgaon. Belongs to a Konkanasth Brahman (Hindu) family. Received the title on January 1. Raja of Ratnapur. See Muhammad Bakar Ali Khan. The title is hereditary. Trimbak Rao of Kotwadi in the Konkan. it was confirmed to Rao Puran Deo. KURANDWAD (Senior Branch). KUNWAR PERMANAND. North-Western Provinces. Residence: Talibnagar. 1815. and maintains a military force of 20 infantry. by a sanad dated September 4. Aligarh. 1876. Bilaspur. Received the title on January 1. The area of the State is 9 square miles. North.Western Provinces. alias BALA SAHEB PAT WARDHAN. 1850. 1844.the Gurkhas at the beginning of the century . CHINTAMAN RAO RAGHUNATH. KUNWAR. KUNJAL SINGH (of Bhatgaon). Simla Hills.

1854. and a population of 25. alias BAPU SAHEB PATWARDHAN. and 2 guns. Nilkanta Rao. Residence : Kurandwad. A ruling chief . Chief of. The Chief maintains a military force of 10 cavalry.son. Shares the Chiefship of this State with the Daji Saheb Patwardhan. is 182 square miles . all of the Patwardhan family. The Chief has a son and heir named Bhalchandra Rao. chiefly Hindus." The area of the State. Southern Mahratta Country. GANPAT RAO RAGHUNATH. but including 3409 Muhammadans." Residence : Kurandwad. Bombay. the Bala Saheb Patwardhan being the Chief of that division of the State that is known as " Kurandwad (senior branch). senior branch). There are three Chiefs of Kurandwad.811. Succeeded to the gadi April 5.187. The Chiefs maintain a military force of 12 cavalry. 306 infantry. while the Bapu Saheb Patwardhan and the Daji Saheb Patwardhan are j ointly the Chiefs of that part that is known as " Kurandwad (junior branch). b. its population is 35. KURANDWAD (Junior Branch). and 1 gun. chiefly Hindus. 1839. with the title of " Anna Saheb. 164 infantry. Southern Mahratta . who received the saranjam and the title of Sardar from the Peshwa. Belongs to a 154 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Konkanasth Brahman family (see Kurandwad." — being rather a larger part. hut including 2548 Muhammadans. which is in the Southern Mahratta country. The State has an area of 114 square miles.

631. chiefly Hindus. h. Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi July 1897. he was permitted to adopt his grandson. Belongs to a Konkanasth Brahman (Hindu) family (see Kurandwad. the son of his eldest daughter. Bhopal. 1898. but including 3609 Muhammadans. Having rendered good service to Government. Khan Bahadur. Rao Ba- . bearing on its field a crescent. KURANDWAD (Junior Branch). KURWAR. See Partab Bahadur Singh. 1852. and being without male issue. its population is 24. His descendant. KUSALPURA. The family banner is green. and 9 guns. 1880. Residence: Kurandwad. Central India. KURIMANIL VALLIAMANIA CHEY KETTI. Residence: Madras. See Kassalpura. The title was conferred on January 1. Bombay. senior branch). Nawab of. succeeded to the gadi in 1858. an Afghan leader. Harihar Rao Vinayak. the Nawab Muhammad Nazaf Khan. Residence: Kurwai. KUSHABA CHAPAJI KALE. Bombay. descended from Nawab Dalel Khan. Belongs to a Pathan (Muhammaclan) family. Thdlcur of. A ruling chief . Succeeded to the gadi as a minor April 5. Chief of A ruling chief . b. Nawab Muhammad Yakub Ali Khan. alias DAJI SAHEB PATWARDHAN. The Nawab maintains a military force of 12 cavalry. who was the late Nawab Munawar Ali Khan. Shares the Chiefship of this State with the Bapu Saheb Patwardhan (vide svpra). The area of the State is about 140 square miles . Southern Mahratta Country. KURWAI. 190 infantry.Country. 1854.

The Rao Khengar I. under the leadership of his ancestor. during whose reign.d. A ruling chief. After this the Rao Khengar succeeded in making himself the master of the whole of Kutch. from 1585 to 1631 a. and received from him most costly presents. His Highness Maharao Shri Mirza Raja Sawai Sir Khengarji.. Khengar's uncle. 1867. Succeeded to the gadi December 19. including his own horse. who was so much pleased with this feat that he conferred on the young prince the territory of Morvi.I. Bharmal .d. KUTCH. Rao Lakhpatji..hadur. Residence: Bombay. from whom the clan takes its name. the Jam Lakha Phulani. fled to Kathiawar. who came to Kutch from Sind early in the 14th century. A descendant.E. slew a Hon with his sword at a hunting party with the King of Ahmadabad.C. Khengar. with the city of Bhuj for his capital. Bahadur. 1899. the rulers of which are still called Jams. who reigned from 1741 to 1760 a. b. who was at the head of a large military force. 1875. the government of Gujarat passed from the Kings of Ahmadabad to the Mughal Emperors. His descendant. with the title of Rao. August 16. Received the title on January 1. Rao of. when oidy a lad of fourteen. Is Chief of the Jareja Rajputs. visited the Emperor Jahangir in 1617. was succeeded by Rao Bharmal L. elephants. dagger.d. and introduced other manufactures from Europe by the aid of an adventurer named Ramsingh ^ and the . the Jam Eawal.d. Lakha is said to have completed the conquest of Kutch in the year 1320 a.. son of Jara. in the north of Kathiawar. G. set up a cannon-foundry. and founded the State of Nawanagar. and a sword with diamondmounted hilt. in 1548 a.

He was a careful and painstaking judge. In 1813 both Fatheh Muhammad and the Rao died. Rao Bharmal II. for which the craftsmen of Kutch are still famous. . date from this reign. and to send troops into the Principality in 1816.. and again another in 1812. On the latter occasion the Rao was deposed. the Government of Bombay thus recorded the official appreciation of his career : " Marked by a love of truth and plain dealing. but there was so much disorder in the State that the THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 155 British Power was compelled to intervene. and again in 1818-19. On the death of Rao Desalji in 1860. and ruled happily for more than forty years. the Rao Desalji II.mechanical skill and working in metals. the Rao Raidhan II. The latter was succeeded by his son. sati (or the burning of widows on the funeral pile of their deceased husbands). and a staunch and devoted ally of the British Government. till 1860. In 1809 the rulers of Kutch sought British help. succeeded as a minor. A treaty was signed in that year. being on the gadi. With the help of a few Chiefs and Court servants he . He took vigorous measures to suppress infanticide. and the trade in slaves. and his son. but the administration of the State being carried on by a very powerful and ambitious Prime Minister named Fatheh Muhammad. Rao Desalji was probably more than any one else in Kutch learned in the traditions and customs of the Province.

avoided any struggle with the Jareja chiefs. he thrice visited Bombay — in 1870 to meet His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh. he undertook works of public usefulness. 1860 to 1875. in 1871 to take part in a Chapter of the Star of India. friendly intercourse. and timely concessions. In recognition of his excellent administration he was in 1871 honoured with the title of Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India. His Highness Rao Pragmalji was described by the British authorities as "most enlightened and liberal. Bombay. and the Alfred High School at Bhuj. These happy visits are marked by important public works dedicated to their Royal Highnesses — the Albert Edward Breakwater and Harbour Works at Mandvi. and the establishment of two "Rao Shri Pragmalji Scholarships" in the Elphinstone College. he showed himself anxious to improve the management of the State." The "Jareja chiefs" referred to are the Bhdyad — brotherhood or frerage of the ruling family. During the fifteen years of his rule. the provincial centre of education . and two in Sir Jamsetji Jijibhai's School of Art. and in October 1875 to meet His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. and devoted friend" ." as well as a "loyal. father of the present Rao. Unlike his forefathers. The Rao Desalji II. and introduced State systems of public instruction and of vaccination. which have cost over 12 lakhs of rupees. He framed codes for the guidance of his officers in matters of civil and criminal justice.managed the whole business of the country. was succeeded by his late Highness the Maharao Pragmalji. being all descendants of the first Rao. none of whom left Kutch. consistent. and by his knowledge of their character.

who was described at that time by the British Political Agent as "a most promising boy of ten. 1884.435. remitted transit duties. visited the State. having attained his majority of eighteen years of age. In the course of his speech on that occasion Sir James ." In 1877 Sir Richard Temple. in the name of the Queen Empress.000. Chhotalal Tewakram and Captain J. the Horse and Elephant Stables (Rs. in 1882. and occasionally remitted import duties in times of scarcity or deficient rainfall. Wray of the Staff Corps. and the Schools at Bhuj and Mandvi . The total expenditure on public works started during His Highness Rao Pragmalji's reign amounted to Rs. at an unusually early age. constructed the Pragsar Tank. Rao Pragmalji built a palace at Bhuj at a cost of about Rs. and a causeway in the large Hamirsar tank . he also built the Jail (Rs. as Rao of Kutch.000 .2. visited Bhuj. and finished the Bhuj-Mandvi road. the Hospital. and on the accuracy and ease with which he could converse in English — his education having been mainly in the hands of M.79. On November 14 of that year Sir James Fergusson. He was succeeded in 1876 by His Highness the present Maharajd. W. and introduced screw presses.509). he was invested with full powers of State. as Governor of Bombay. Rao Khengarji. and killed many wild animals. as Governor of Bombay. He ordered out cotton gins.184.241. and held a grand Darbar for the purpose of formally installing His Highness. He was admitted into the Council of Administration.of the British Government.3.303). which is an immense reservoir of rain-water in the Chadwa range of hills. and complimented the young Prince on his general progress. He was a great sportsman. and on August 11. including a number of panthers.

156 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Fergusson said : " I venture to augur very favourably of His Highness's reign. and during his absence he entrusted his State to his Diwan. but more hopeful still are his disposition and character. convince me that he possesses a kind heart as well as a clear judgment. and cherishes a resolute adherence to the call of duty. The frequent opportunities which I have had of judging of them. and they cannot fail to deepen their hereditary attachment to his family and person. His natural intelligence has been well developed. I shall deem myself very ignorant of character if His Highness does not realize our best anticipations. It may indeed actuate him to deserve and reciprocate it. Whilst in . he possesses a complete knowledge of the circumstances and wants of his country and people. as well as the unanimous testimony of those who have known him from childhood. Rao Bahadur Motilal Lalbhai. a Darbar was held at the Bhuj Palace for the investiture of His Highness with the hereditary distinction of "Sawai Bahadur. I doubt not that it will." conferred on the rulers of Kutch by the British Government. which is so remarkable. his mind has been instructed by a liberal education." On March 2. These qualities are not unknown to his subjects. In 1887 His Highness proceeded to England to represent the Princes of the Bombay Presidency on the occasion of the celebration of the Jubilee of the Queen Empress. 1885.

and named it after his mother. scholarships for female assistant-teachers at Bhuj. For males the Rao has founded scholarships for Kutchis receiving scientific and technical education in England. To encourage learning he has founded various scholarships of more or less importance. and one for girls attending the High School at Puna. the Rao Shri Khengarji scholarships.000. and especially in the education of women. It should be mentioned that the scholarships for Kutchis resident in Bombay alone were established at a total cost of . This last cost Rs. Among the scholarships for females may be mentioned the one to Kutch females attending the Grant Medical College in Bombay. the " Kutch Barton Scholarship " to Kutch females attending the Training College at Ahmadabad or Rajkot.32. He also founded the Fergusson Museum and Library at Bhuj. and further gives annual prizes for qualifying for auy professional function in connection with a mill.England His Highness was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Indian Empire. the Veterinary School at Puna and the College of Science at Puna . Bombay. also scholarships open to any citizen of Bombay attending the Ripon Technical School. 25. for Kutchis attending the Veterinary College at Bombay. at a cost of Rs. an institution erected as a memorial of the Governorship of Sir James Fergusson. and for the work of a captain of a steamer. for students receiving agricultural or other scientific education in India.000. and has also inaugurated a fund from which deserving scholars desirous to study in England or America can obtain their expenses. He takes a deep interest in education. He founded a Sanskrit school or Pathshala.

Other means of irrigation have also been adopted.672. Since the accession of His Highness to the gadi the expenditure incurred by the Darbar on works of public utility has amounted to Rs. Under his guidance strenuous efforts have also been made in the direction of reclamation of waste land. and fifteen new villages have been established. moreover. In the course of the last fifteen years the number of acres of waste land brought under the plough amount to 83. a firm though conciliatory ruler. the pier and reclamation works. In the matter of public works considerable improvements have been effected witliin recent years in connection with the extension of roads. the rainfall being limited and precarious.6.890. and the erection of new buildings.25. fond of pig-stick- THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 157 ing.Rs. He is. and to translate standard English works into the Gujarati language. shooting. He married the daughters .624. and is regarded hy his subjects with a deep and ardent attachment. and all manly exercises.000. the Darbar annually commissions competent persons to write essays on various subjects. and especially with the object of encouraging native talent and spreading knowledge amongst the people. As a further stimulus to education. His Highness is a thorough sportsman. Great attention is paid by His Highness to well-irrigation. which has been found by experience to be most suited to the peculiar requirements of the Province.

(2) The Moon. exclusive of the Runn of Kutch.and 164 guns. and educated at the Rajkumar College. cousins of His Highness the Raj Saheb of Dhrangadra. in Okha. but including 118. chiefly Hindus. born September 12. and was then created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. he visited England on the occasion of Her Majesty's Jubilee in 1887. according to old practice) of a small Darbar. born September 2. its population is 512. His sons are named — Madhubha.).084. 1412 inf antry. The State has an area of 6500 square miles. 1884.v. as illustrating oriental heraldry. in Rajpatana. on February 19.v. and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns. otherwise called Vijayarajji.). His Highness's sister was married to His Highness the Maharaja of Bikanir (q. in Kathiawar (q. The occasion of this marriage was remarkable for the substitution for the old custom of giving Fulekas (grand dinners and a nightly procession. and married a daughter of the House of Aramda. which overlooks the capital of Bhuj. 1888. # His Highness's brother is named Karansinghji.663 Jains. — The coat-of-arms adopted by His Highness's family is most interesting. The coat is shown in a document kindly supplied by the Kutch Darbar. and Manubha. born in 1870. and of the Rana Jalamsinghji. which is about 9000 square miles . Rajkot .of the Thakur Saheb of Sayla. showing that . Kathiawar. 1885 . in March 1889. His Highness maintains a military force of 354 cavalry.797 Muhammadans and 66. which His Highness touched. and was described by His Excellency the Diwan of Kutch in 1876 in the following I words : — "(1) The Fort of Bhujia. Arms. and remitted to be utilized in furthering the cause of female education. at which nazars were paid.

(8) A Cow. its population is 3648. and after their expulsion by the British was confirmed to the then Rana by a British sanad dated September 3. and showing specimens of her military retainers. 1848. Kutch. Residence: Kuthar. showing that Kutch is a maritime Power. showing the attributes by wbich the first Rao Khengar succeeded in regaining his lost patrimony. and is carried in State in all ceremonials by sowaris on the back of an elephant. Rana of. Succeeded to the yadi as a minor December 27. a flag with a gold-fish at the top. Rana Jaichand. (3) The Crown." Residence : The Palace. and conquered this territory.the reigning family belongs to the Lunar dynasty. Simla . representing the customary title of a native potentate. representing Kutch as a horse-producing country. (9) A killed Tiger. (5) The Trident of the family goddess. This is considered a valued present. KUTHAR. 1815. The State was overrun by the Gurkhas between 1803 and 1815. (4) The Mahi Muratab. claiming descent from Surat Chand. who came in early times from Kishtwar in Jammu. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. and the Jari Patha flag (with representations of the sun and the moon). A ruling chief. (10) The Motto adopted by the family. presented to a former Rao of Kutch by an Emperor of Delhi. indicating the great historical event from which the title of Rao was derived. (6) A Boat. emblematic of royalty. (7) Two Horsemen. chiefly Hindus. The area of the State (which is one of the Simla Hill States) is 19 miles square . b. and old weapons of the family. 1845. Bhuj. The Rand maintains a military force of 40 infantry. Western India.

born 1860. on account of his ''long and highly meritorious services. Its area is about 450 square miles . 1898. Myoza of. This Chief is Myoza of one of the Shan States on the frontier of Burma. Rdjd of. Residence: Kyaing Kan. Retired in 1886 on a special pension. KYAING KAN. Residence: Bulsar." Was appointed in the same year a Delegate in the Parsi District Matrimonial Court of Surat. Received the title on May 21. Has a son named Pestanji Kuvarji Kowasji. 1887. A ruling chief. KUTLAHR. Appointed to the service of the Bombay Government in 1840. See Rampal. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Is " an Honorary Magistrate of the First 158 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Class. March 1. Rao Saheb. its population chiefly consists of Shans. b. Kim Un. Bombay. Shan States. KUVERJI BHAIDAS. KYAING LUN. Myoza of. Khan Bahadur. 1822. KUVARJI K0WASJI. Residence: Surat.Hills. and during a service of fortysix years held various important posts with credit to himself and advantage to the State. A ruling chief. The title was conferred on February 16. Bombay. Punjab. This Chief is Myoza . Kun Maung. Burma. as a personal distinction.

Sawbwa of. Burma. Shan States. Is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Thinaung.M. KYAING TON. Burma. The area of the State is about 80 square miles. Residence: Kyaing Lun. Chief of. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Residence: Kyaukkuleywa. Shan States. KYAUKKULEYWA. This Chief is the Sawbwa of one of the Shan States on the frontier of Burma. Myothugyi.D. Residence : Kyaing Yongyi." and is in- . after the name. It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. 1890." and is indicated by the letters T. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. KYAING YONGYI. Shan States. A ruling chief. Shan States. It means "Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. The title is personal.of one of the Shan States on the frontier of Burma. He has four feudatory chiefs tributary to him — those of Kyaing Thingyi. 1887. The population consists chiefly of Shans. and was conferred on May 20. Maingthal. KYAW ZAW. Maung. Residence: Kyaing Ton. A ruling chief. A ruling chief. Burma. KYAW GAUNG. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. and Thin Nyut. Burma. Burma. with a few Yins. Maung Thaing. Residence : Ye-u. Its area is about 30 square miles . and was conferred on February 16. its population almost entirely Shans. Maung. Ngwegunhmu of. The title is personal. The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the frontier of Burma.

after the name. A ruling chief. The area of the State is about 300 square miles. North." and is indicated by the letters K. Received the title on January 2. Maung U. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. Ngiocgunhmu of A ruling chief. Myook.E. 1897. and was conferred on June 6. Kun Than. May 26.M. 1885. LACHHMAN. C. Myoza of. The title is personal. KYETHI BANSAN. Burma. KY0N. Thakur. KYM0RI. Maung. Residence : Kyethi Bansan. LACHHMAN DAS. LACHHMAN DAS. 1897. after the name. The title is personal.M.D. Punjab Frontier. Residence : Kyon.S. Residence : Pagan. KYE. and was conferred on May 20." and is indicated by the letters K. KYWE 0. Burma. Residence: Rangoon. Saheb. It means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Maung Po. . Burma. Rai . Residence : Burma. Residence: Muttra. after the name. 1886.dicated by the letters T. Residence : Dir. See Kaimori.S. See Lakshman. The area of the State is about 15 square miles. It means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour.. The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Burma. Seth. 1896. Kyct thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min.I. The title of Raja was conferred as a personal distinction on June 22.M.Western Provinces. The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Shan States. Raja. Shan States.

and was conferred on March 3.LACHHMAN DAS. The title is an ancient hereditary one. Rai Saheb. Residence: Punjab. October 19. LACHHMAN DAS HAZARIKA. Assam. The title was conferred on January 1. The title is personal. b. LACHHMAN SINGH (of Kakarbai). and succeeded his father. Received the title on January 1. Lala. Residence : Bombay. 1882. 1898. Residence: Lakhimpur. at the Imperial . Poplai. Rao. North-Western Provinces. LACHHMAN SINGH. LACHHMAN SINGH (of Wazirpur). grandson of Raja Malkhan of Orchha. Arjun Singh. the Rao's grandfather. 1826. The Rai Bahadur THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 15! belongs to a family from Cawnpur. Residence : Kakarbai. Rdjd. North-Western Provinces. This family of Bundela Thakurs is descended from Bharat Chand. The Rao Lachhman Singh was born about the year 1866. 1877. Rai Bahadur. The title of Rao is said to have been conferred on the great-grandfather of the present holder by the Maharaja of Panna. Rai Bahadur. the late Eao Udiajit. Is Extra Judicial Assistant Commissioner. and was conferred on May 24. The title is personal. assisted in restoring order in the Garotha Tahsil towards the close of the Mutiny. Jhansi. in 1890. as a personal distinction. 1880.

Deo (of . took refuge in Bhartpur. LACHHMI PARSHAD. He died at Aligarh a few months before the capture of that fortress by the British. and Kalyan Singh. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. took service in Sindhia's army. and the younger son. and his sons removed to Agra. and for his services during the time of the Mutiny. a hhilat. Bengal. The title was conferred on January 1. North-Western Pro- LACHHMI. the present Raja. Received the title on January 1. LACHHMI SAHAI. His grandson. Residence : Harda. Lachhman Singh's grandfather. The title was conferred on January 1. See also Lakshmi. Rai Bahadur. 1898. Central Provinces. he has received the title of Raja. and generally to the cause of education. originally resident at Karemna in Ra jputana. About 130 years ago Karemna was burnt by the troops of the Raja of Macheri (Alwar) in his war with the Raja of Bhartpur . Residence : Agra. Sarddr Bahadur. Belongs to a Rajput family of the Jadon clan. Rai Saheb. the ancestor of Lachhman Singh. 1898. LACHHMINARAYAN SINGH.Assemblage of Delhi. entered the Government service in 1847. Punjab. His eldest son was appointed Fotehdar of Pargana Ruphas by the Raja of Bhartpur. LACHHMI PRASAD SINGH. and various grants. but was subsequently poisoned . Monghyr. 1894. Residence : Amritsar. Residence : Sakarpara. Hoshangabad.

1825. Thakur. Residence : Damoh. Thdkur. The title was conferred on October 8. 1898. The Rai is an Honorary Magistrate and a member of the Municipal Committee of Peshawar. and other Chota Nagpur Chiefs in the district of Singbhum. Rai Bahadur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Bengal. The Thakur is one of the representatives of the great Porahat family. Residence : Bangalore. The title was conferred on January 1. LAKHMICHAND. as a personal distinction. Central Provinces. See Delhi Singh . Rao Bahadur. Rai. Residence: Bareilly. The title was conferred on January 1. b. 1895. He belongs to a Kshatriya family. Thdkur of. LAKHAN SINGH. in recognition of the Rai's exertions in improving the city of Peshawar. LAIHNA. see also Kesri Singh. who held the responsible and important office of Baftri in Peshawar during the Durani and Sikh rule. Kamalapuram. 1878. See Lehna. LAKHNADON. Residence : Peshawar. as a personal distinction.Kera). and is the son of the late Diwan Bhawani Das. Punjab. North-Western Provinces. 1877. Received the title on January 1. The Thakur was granted the title of Rao Bahadur as a personal distinction on January 1. LACHHMIYA NAYUDU. Rao Bahadur. from which are descended the feudatory Chiefs of Serikala and Kharsawan. LAKHPAT RAI. Pandit. 1875. . Residence: Kera Singbhum.

Naobai. Prior to his appointment as Prime Minister of the Baroda State he had rendered long and meritorious services to the Bombay Government . and . for Central Finsbury) in the administration of Baroda. Dadabhai Naoroji (subsequently M.1883. He became. first.P. Mamlatdar in Khandesh. The title was conferred on January 1. as a personal distinction. He retired in 1890 with a pension from the British Government. second son of Jagannath Baji Rao. Residence : Khandesh. The title was conferred on February 16. and finally in 1886 Diwan or Prime Minister of the State. Biwdn Bahadur. August 15. and while Deputy Collector of Sholapur endeared himself to the people to such an extent that they called their market after his name. 1835. 1887. Belongs to a Chan- 160 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA draseniya Kayastha Prabhu family . Chingubai.LAKSHMAN BHIKAJI WAKHARKAR." In 1874 he became Assistant Revenue Commissioner of the Northern Division of the Bombay Presidency. Chandrabai. then head of the Revenue Department in . and handsome allowances from the Gaekwar. "Lakshmanpet. and shortly afterwards was invited to aid Mr. LAKSHMAN JAGANNATH. b. 1895. and has issue six daughters — Gujabai. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. Bombay. Rao Saheb. Subahdar of the Naosari district. He married Bai Sitabai. Dhakubai.

Residence: Narayan Pet. LAKSHMI SHANKAR MISRA PANDIT.Sundrabai. and was conferred on January 1. LAKSHMI KUMARA SHATAKOPA CHARIAR. Rao Saheb. See Venkatasveta Chalapathi Ranga Rao. Residence: Russell Konda. 1890. Punjab. 1893. January 2. Rai Bahadur. as a personal distinction. The title is personal. Ravu. Residence : Benares. for eminent magisterial services in the Ganjam Hill Tracts. Granted the title. Residence : Ahmedabad. Poona. January 2. LAKSHMI CHELLAYA (of Bobbili). as a personal distinction. 1893. for eminent services in the Postal Department. Residence : Poona. The title was conferred on January 1. Rao Bahadur. LAKSHMI CHAND. Khdn Saheb. Madras. 1891. LAKSHMILAL DAULATRAI. for emi- nent services in the Baroda Residency. 1898. LAL BEG. The title was conferred on January 1. for eminence in oriental learning. Granted the title. Mahdmahopddhydya. The title was conferred on January 1. LAKSHMAN SINGH MATHURA SINGH. . Residence : Karnal. Bombay. Raja. Granted the title. Bombay. Rao Saheb. 1894. North-Western Provinces. Madras. Madras. Rai Bahadur. LAKSHMAN JIVAJI TILVE. Bombay. Residence : Baroda. Residence: Cochin. as a personal distinction. January 2. 1893.

and has been re-elected in many subsequent elections. Received the title on January 1. He translated into Bengali the English text-book on the Diseases of the Eye. b. 1898. and was deputed by the Government of India to Rajputana. Central India.LAL BIHARI LAL. In 1879 he was elected a Municipal Commissioner for the town of Calcutta. He is a Justice of . to attend upon His Highness the Maharaja of Jaipur. and is the son of Ishwar Chandra Mukarji. Macnamara. Belongs to a Kulin Brahman family. He then successively held the appointments of House Surgeon of the Calcutta Ophthalmic Hospital for thirteen years. an old and much-respected merchant of Calcutta. Rai Bahadur . Educated at the Free Church College of the Calcutta University . His good services there were duly acknowledged by the Government of Bengal. of the Calcutta Health Society . which has been highly eulogized by the most competent authorities. During the great Orissa famine of 1886 he was appointed Medical Officer in charge of the famine Itospitals that were opened at Chitpore and Sealdah for the relief of the famine-stricken. and of the India Club. by Dr. Has been several times Member of the Town Council of Calcutta. He is an elected Member of the Council of the Calcutta Bethune Society . Residence : Sutna. LAL MADHAVA MUKARJI. and in 1890 became a Member of the Syndicate. in 1841. Rai Bahadur. whose eyesight he successfully restored. He has taken a very prominent place among the great oculists of the world. Was appointed a Fellow of the Calcutta University in 1881. and subsequently graduated at the Calcutta Medical College. and teacher of Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery in the Campbell School for three years.

LAL PERTAB SINGH. Residence : Rewa. Khdn Saheb. See Lai Madhava Mukarji. the Government of India also presented him with a handsome sword and a richly-embroidered sword-belt. 1899. Residence: Calcutta. He is the first native gentleman who has been honoured with the President- THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 161 ship of the Calcutta Medical Society. LAL RAGHURAJ SINGH (of Pandaria). LAL MADHUB MOOKERJEE. The title is hereditary. The title was conferred on January 1. The founder of the family was Sham Chand . Khdn Saheb.in recognition of his distinguished medical services. LAL MUHAMMAD. Bombay. Is Assistant Diwan of Rewa. Residence: Gulistan. 1898. Thdkur. Shaikh. He is also the President and Honorary Lecturer of Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery in the Calcutta Medical School. and the late Thakur Gajapal Singh was thirteenth in succession. Achakzai. Rao Bahadur. was pleased to confer upon him the title of Rai Bahadur.the Peace for the town of Calcutta. Rai Bahadur. Received the title on January 2. He was the younger brother of the . Received the title on May 21. When Her Majesty the Empress. Residence : Baroda. Central India. LAL MUHAMMAD KHAN. Baluchistan. 1898.

Residence : Pandaria.) of Bheri. Sarddr Ratan Singh succeeded his father. Hira Saheb. LAL SINGH (of Talwandi). in the district of Ludhiana. The title is hereditary. He died in 1823. b. The Sarddr is the grandson of the Sarddr Dal Singh Naharna. LAL SINGH (of Bheri). Thakur Gajapal Singh has been recently succeeded. feudatory Chief of Kawardha (q. Kdlidnwdla. Residence : Bheri. by Thakur Lai Raghuraj Singh.Thdkur Rajpal Singh.). Sarddr. Punjab. after the first Sikh war. . who was adopted by the widow of the great Sarddr Fateh Sing. Rai Singh . 1822. 1888. The title is hereditary. The title was conferred on May 25. Belongs to a Jat (Sikh) family. CLE. well known for his prowess. LAL SINGH. The Sarddr is the cousin of Sarddr Bishan Singh (q. ^ His son. LAL RAMANAJ PARSAD SINGH.v. Miran Kotia. a Sikh Chief. who flourished about the year 1761 a. Punjab. The family came under British protection. Sarddr. Rai Bahadur. descended from Sardar Mahtab Singh. Bilaspur. Was created a CLE. 1895. at Pandaria. Central Provinces. and his grandsons are the Sarddrs Bishan Singh (son of Sarddr Sarmukh Singh) and Ldl Singh (son of Sarddr Gurmukh Singh) of Bheri. Residence: Rewa. on June 1. with the other CisSutlej Chiefs. Residence : Naiui Tal. and inherited his large possessions. Sarddr Rai Singh.d.v. North-Western Provinces. Ludhidna. acquired by conquest some territory in the Ambala district more than a cen- tury ago. Central India.

Biwdn of.. Sind. Sarddr Atar Singh died in 1851. One of their ancestors married a daughter of the Rdjput house of Ratanpur. Rdjd. His son. LALGARH. because they were caste-fellows of the Rdjd. the Rao Saheb was permitted to retain this title. the Gond Rdjd of Mandla. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor December 22. Residence : Shikdrpur. b. which he retained until the annexation of the Punjab. Sarddr Atar Singh joined the British under Major Edwardes. LALA GOVIND JAS. and obtained some jdgirs from Sheo Rdj Rai. Belongs to a Rdj Gond (aboriginal) family.and was succeeded by his eldest son. Sarddr Atar Singh. Rai Saheb. LALA SAHEB (of Imlai). LALA SUNDAE LAL. the present Sarddr Lai Singh. 1877. Residence: Jabalpur. who. The title is hereditary. On retirement from the public service. M . b. LALCHAND KEVABRAM. about the year 1846. but afterwards escaped. whose ancestors came from Dhamda to Mandla. Residence: Talwandi. Central Provinces. See Govind. and the family have been settled at Imlai in the Jabalpur district ever since. On the occasion of the outbreak at Multdn. and was succeeded by the present Sarddr. This was in 1624 a. Punjab. Rai Bahadur.d. received a seat in the Council of Regency. 1862. Rao Saheb. Diwan Hari Singh. Amritsar. was at first carried off by the troops. See Sundar. A ruling chief . and joined the same side.

Both these titles are personal. Rai Bahadur. Received the title on January 1. IALJI PURSHOTAM RAI. Central India. The Rai Bahadur has rendered good service as an Honorary Magistrate. and was conferred on May 24. LALTA PERSHAD. and as Vice-Chairman of the District Board of Hughli. 1869. Rao Bahddur. Rai Bahddur. The second title. Residence: Hughli. 1892. Bengal. Residence: . Rao Bahadur. 1898. for good service as an assistant to the Resident at Baroda. Bengal. 1881. that of Diwan Bahadur. LALUBHAI NANDLAL. and was conferred on February 3. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. 1898. 1892. Residence : Dholpur. 1886. chiefly Hindus. Rao Bahddur. The State contains a population of about 2500. The title was conferred on May 21. LALJI WALJI SETH. Residence : Pilibhit. Residence: Lalgarh. Biwdn Bahadur. Residence: Baroda. Residence: Madras. Received the title as a personal distinction on May 25.162 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 1888. Khan Bahddur. was conferred on May 25. The title is personal. The former was conferred on December 15. North. Lala. Rajputaua. Western Malwa.Western Provinces. LALIT MOHAN SINGH. The title is personal. LALLTJ LACHHMAN SINGH.

Bor Sing. 9 J LANGRIN. LAMA. LAMBAGRAON. U. 1896. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns as a personal distinction. A ruling chief . A ruling chief . LAS BELA. Residence : Las Bela. . Rao Bahddur. chiefly Muhammadans. The title was conferred on May 25.000. 276 infantry. Thakur Sursinghji Takatsinghji. The Jam was formerly a feudatory of the Wali of Kalat. Residence : Bhandara. The population of the State (which is one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. but has now the direct protection of the British Government. 1896. 1892.— A title. Assam. See Jai Chand. LANKA KRISHNA AIYANGAR. Mian of. Jam of. LAMBAGRAON. Baluchistan. The title was conferred on May 20.Ahmadabad. Residence: Langrin. Madras. 1850. Thakur of. and 4 guns.. Central Provinces. Residence: Srirangam. The area of the State is about 8500 square miles. Succeeded to the gadi January 14. Rao Bahadur. and its population about 56. Khasi Hills. The Jam maintains a military force of 33 cavalry. Bombay. and consists of Khasis and Christians. 1874. A ruling chief. Raid of. b. LATHI. See Kirat Chand. Succeeded to the gadi September 23. LATARIA BHA0 (of Kamtha). Seim of. through the Governor-General's Agent for Baluchistan. Assam) is about _ 1200.

Post THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 163 and Telegraph Office. a Dharmsdla. probably in commemoration of the relationship between the families. and are at present represented in Kathiawar by the ruling families of Bhaunagar. and Lathi. under their Chief. the great ancestor of the Gaekwars of Baroda. Belongs to a Gohel Rajput (Hindu) family. which claim to be Suryavansi (of the Solar race). about the year 1260. The State is tributary both to Baroda and to Junagarh . whilst the third son was the ancestor of the Chiefs of Palitana. until they were expelled by the Rahtors {see Jodhpur) at the end of the 12th century. it has the palace of the Thakur. as descendants of the legendary hero Rama. Thence. which is the capital. One of the Thakurs of Lawa married his daughter to Damaji Gaekwar. The town of Lathi. a good Dispensary. and gave the estate of Damnagar as a dowry. and the Lathi .thiawar. and in addition to the tribute the Chief of Lawa annually offers a horse to the Gaekwar of Baroda. being in return exempted personally from tribute. second son of Sejak. 1878. Palitana. they migrated to K&amp. The founder of the Lathi State was Sarangji. The Gohel sept of Rajputs are said to have occupied a part of Marwar for twenty generations. is now a station on the Bhaunagar-Gondal railway . Rajpipla. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor November 4. Sejak. whose eldest son became the ancestor of the Chiefs of Bhaunagar. 1875.b.

M. The title is personal. and Lawa came under the direct protection of the British Government. It means " Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour. Residence: Lathi. Burma. 1887. LAWA. The Thdkur belongs to the Kachhwdha Rajput family — that is.v. Mir. and was conferred on February 16. Sind. 25 infantry. A ruling chief. The area of the State is 18 square miles . the State having originally belonged to Jaipur. Mating.).Anglo. and 10 guns. Amir Khan. In 1867. Residence : Shikdrpur. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The Chief maintains a military force of 12 cavalry. LAXAMAN." and is indicated by the letters K. . after the name. Rdjputdna. LATIF HUSAIN KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. in the course of his Jaipur and Jodhpur campaigns. however. and having been granted by the Maharaja of Jaipur to one of the scions of his family. LAW YAN. It was conquered by the Pinddri leader. chiefly Hindus. The title has been continued for life. its population 6804. and the Thdkur of Lawa then became a feudatory of Amir Khan's State of Tonk.S. its population is 2682. The area of the State is 42 square miles .Vernacular School. See Lakshman. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). the ruling family of Jaipur (g. chiefly Hindus. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. Thakur of. this connection was terminated. Residence : Lawa. Residence : Mandalay. Kdthidwdr. Thakur Dhirat Singh. Bomhay.

LEHNA SINGH (of Manasawal). LEGYA.LAXMI. that claims to be descended from the legendary hero Krishna. after the name. Ktin Le. It is indicated by the letters A. Burma. Burma. 1801. See Le Bun Yu. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Sawbwa of. Granted the title. and means " Recipient of a Medal for Good Service." Residence: Rangoon." Residence : Rangoon. is said to have visited Jwalamukh on a pilgrimage. Vaidya. January 3. LEE BOON YEW. b. with three brothers. the area of which is about 1000 square miles. and on that occasion to have taken possession of Manasawal and the surrounding territory in the Hoshidrpur district. and means "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour. LAXUMAN JAGANNATHJI. thirtythird in descent from Basu Chand. . The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. His descendant. Belongs to a very ancient Rajput family. who is said to have taken possession of G arhmuktesar. 1891. through Basu Chand.M. Kyet thaye zaung since Salwe ya Min. Jodh Chand. Residence : Legya. Diwd n Bahadur.M. See Lakshman Jagannath. on January 1. after the name. and to have reigned there about 2000 years ago. LE BUN YTJ. It is indicated by tbe letters K. The title is hereditary. Rdnd Chigar Chand. 1893. Burma. as a personal distinction. LEE KIM SENG.S. Rdnd. See Lakshmi. The population consists almost entirely of Shans.T. Granted the title. as a personal distinction. A ruling chief.

its population is 1307. Bombay. The title is personal. also Saheb Singh . The Rdnd has four sons — Opindar Singh. A ruling chief. and another. Residence: Manasawal. See Mahtab Singh. See Limri. Thdkur Saheb of. LIAKAT HUSAIN. and was 164 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA conferred on May 4. Sarddr of. Hoshidrpur. also Albel Singh. b. Residence . LIKHI. North-Western Provinces.C. The title is personal. chiefly Hindus.E. 1886. Jandrdhan. Residence : Meerut. Thdkur of . and is said to have been confirmed by him in some of his lands. LIMBAJI BA0 TUKAJI BA0. also Sher Singh. LIDHBAN.. 1885. Has recently succeeded to the gadi as a minor. LIMRI. Rao Saheb.I. The area of the State is 30 square miles. Thakur Saheb Sir Jaswantsinghji Fatehsinghji. Khan Bahddur. Thd- . Residence: Likhi. Bijapur. K. Punjab. and was conferred on May 20. 1890.made his submission to the Mahdrdjd Ranjit Singh. Thakur Jaswant Singhji. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. also Sheonarayan Singh . LIMBDI. Madho Singh. Mdhi Kantha. Bombay.

In 1884 the Government of Bombay. was educated at the Rajkumar College. chiefly Hindus. who succeeded his father. In 1887 he was selected as one of the representatives of the Princes of Western India to present their loyal congratulations to the Queen Empress on the auspicious occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign . and of the President of the United States. who came from the north in very early times.000. and was the guest successively of the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. of the Viceroy of the Canadian Dominion. A ruling chief . and finished his education by visiting England in company with the Principal of that College. and on August 1 of that year was installed as ruler. its population is about 43. claiming a common descent with the Chief of Dhrangadra from Harpaldev. and has received high acknowledgment _ of his ability and success from successive Governors of Bombay. He attained his majority in 1877. and on that occasion he had the honour of receiving from the Empress in person the insignia of a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. May 23. appointed him a Member of the Legislative Council of Bombay. and established himself in that part of Kathiawar called Jhalawar from the name of his sept. and in the United States . in Canada. He has the reputation of being a most able and painstaking ruler. in recognition of the ability and industry with which he conducted the administration of his State. Rajkot.kur Saheb of. b. Belongs to a Jhala Rajput (Hindu) family. 1862. 1859. The Thakur Saheb . The area of the State is 344 square miles. The present Chief. the Thakur Saheb Fatehsinghji. He extended his tour to all the chief places of interest in the United Kingdom. but including more than 4600 Muhammadans. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor January 30.

K. and means " Recipient of a Medal for Good Service. and 28 guns." L0GHASSI. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Resi- dence : Limri (or Limbdi). The Hon.M.T. Nawab of. Kathiawar. Amin-ud-din Khan and Zia-uddin Khan . and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. See Lug- L0HARTJ. and Amin-ud-din was the great-grandfather of the present Na- . Rao Bahadur of. descended from Ahmad Bakhsh Khan. Myook. In consequence of this Firuzpur was confiscated. 1884. His son. who was employed by the Raja of Alwar in the negotiation with Lord Lake in 1806. after the name. Mating. In recognition of his services he received Loharu from the Raja. who had no share in his guilt. Bombay. 1859.. Succeeded to the gadi October 31. b. Nawab Sir AmirUd-Din Ahmad Khan Bahadur. 1891.C. hasi. Fakhar-Ud-Daula.maintains a military force of 35 cavalry. LIN. succeeded him. 174 infantry. but Loharu was subsequently restored to the brothers of the Chief.I. but was executed at Delhi in 1835 for compassing the murder of the British Resident at Delhi. It is indicated by the letters A. and the feudal possession of Firuzpur from the British Government. The title was conferred on January 1. Shams-ud-din Khan.E. Belongs to an Afghan (Muhammadan) family. A ruling chief.

The title is hereditary. as a personal distinction . Residence : Loharu. is said to have come from Rajputana in the 14th century. who traced his descent from the great King Jurasindhu of Behar.wab. Malik Ain-ud-din. and to have taken service with his friend. Has been a Member of the Legislative Council of the Viceroy. where he settled after expelling the Doms. Hissar. June 22. Punjab. who ruled the south of Oudh from Karra Manikpur. and in 1874 it was conferred on the Chief in recognition of good administration. The area of the State is 226 square miles . chiefly Hindus. Sahaj Sah. afterwards known as Khurasa. LOK SINGH (of Babhnipair). Created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.754. The title of Nawab was restored to the family. That officer found him and his band of Rajput soldiers useful in suppressing the internal disorders of the province. its population is 18. and assigned him in jdgir the trans-Gogra district. Succeeded the late Raja Udai Narayan Singh of Babhnipair in 1892. but including 1517 Muhammadans. . 1897. Their an- THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 165 cestor. in 1866. Rdjd. The Raja is the head of the only legitimate family of descendants from the old Kalhans Rajas of Khurasa. The Nawab maintains a military force of 94 men. whose raj extended from Hisampur in Bahraich far into the Gorakhpur district.

and pretended to comply. a small Brahman zamindar. and left not a member of his household alive. so should they also be blind. but that as his eyes had fallen out from hunger. The avenging ghost of the Brahman obtained the aid of the river Sarju. the last of the dynasty. The Rani had fled. but when the Dom came with his followers to claim his bride. who alone had endeavoured to make him break his fast. overthrew the Raja's fortress of Lurhiaghat. to her father's home in Rasulpur Ghaus. seventh in succession from Sahaj Sah. as though there have been one or two blind Rajas of Babhnipair. demanded her in marriage. . the majority of them have been unaffected in their eyesight. struck by the beauty of one of the daughters of the Chhattri. on the Brahman's advice. The outraged father sat for 21 days under a tamarind tree at the door of the ravisher. He carried off to his fort of Lurhiaghat near Khurasa the daughter of Ratan Pande. The curse has only been partially fulfilled. where the posthu- mous son of Achal Narayan Singh. The Kalhans Raja dissembled his rage at the indignity offered him. A lofty wave rusbed up from that river. In the 16th century. plied them with strong drink till they were insensible and then murdered them. modifying it only in favour of the offspring of the younger Rani. Before his spirit fled. and to whom he promised that her descendants (the present Rajas of Babhnipair) should succeed to a small Raj.Tradition says that the Dom Raja. refusing meat and drink till death put an end to his sufferings. he pronounced a curse of utter extinction on the family of his oppressor. whose fall is related in a well-known legend. was Achal Narayan Singh.

Residence: Peshawar. and Rasulpur Ghaus in Basti. two daughters. divided the inheritance. held the Raj till 1821. Oudh. Kesri Singh. whose sons. was shortly born. however. as Babu. including Babhnipair and Burhapara in Gonda. who had an infant son. 1888. Raja Udhai Narayan Singh was educated at Canning College. He was. the latter. The murdered man left an infant son. He has issue. The title is personal. Raj Singh and Himmat Singh. Rai Bahadur. when he grew up.Bhing Singh. Residence : Babhnipair. Babhnipair. widow of Indrajit Singh. the former taking Rasulpur Ghaus with the title of Raja. and received possession of the estates in 1873. who after a long struggle finally expelled the Kalhans. of a small principality. and transferred the title of Rdja to the holder of that estate. who forcibly possessed himself of the Pargana of Rasulpur Ghaus. His son. Abdhut Singh. the ancestor of the present Raja. Sixth in descent from Bhing Singh was -Madhukar Singh. stripped of the Burhapara Pargana by Alawal Khan. who was adopted by his cousin. and was conferred on January 2. He possessed himself. the aggressive leader of the Pathans of Atraula. For five generations the direct lineal descendants of the last Raja of Khurasa held the combined Parganas of Babhnipair and Rasulpur Ghaus. was killed in battle by the Raja of Bansi. The grandson of Raj Singh. LORINDA MAL. the present Raja. the childless Babu Rani Singh of Babhnipair. . Punjab. who died only a few years before the annexation. and was succeeded by the blind Raja Jai Singh. On the reoccupation of Oudh the estate was settled with Rani Sarfaraz Kumar. In 1867 the estates were taken under management of the Court of "Wards. Shuja Singh. Gonda.

after the name. from which are descended the ruling families of Panna. Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput (Hindu) family of the Orchha House. Chhatrasal's eldest son. Bir Singh. Rao Bahadur Khet Singh." and is indicated by the letters T. 166 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA LUGHASI. Residence : Burma. Maung. who first adopted the clan name of Bundela. and most of the other States of Bundelkhand .LU NAING. and having adopted the Peshwa as one of his sons. the Diwan Dhiraj Singh. and was conferred on May 20. Rao Bahadur of. and a footing in Bundelkhand. received a sanad from the British Government in 1808. Ajaigarh. LUCHMI. while the younger. July 21. who thereby acquired a third of his dominions. It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery.D. Three generations have intervened between . Salim Singh. and he had two sons. Seelaahhmi. became Diwan of Lughasi. Datia. succeeded him at Panna . 1872. b. The title is personal. A ruling chief.M. Succeeded to the gadi January 3. His descendant. Hardi Sah. all tracing their lineage from the same eponymous hero. 1856. Tlmye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. possessed large territories in Bundelkhand . His son. the Maharaja Chhatrasal. and is famous for having called in the aid of the Mahrattas against the Mughal Power. 1896. the elder of whom became Raja of Panna.

Dhiraj Singh and the present Chief. The Rao Bahadur maintains a military force of 6 cavalry.I. Bundelkhand. the Diwan received the hereditary title of Rao Bahadur at the Cawnpur Darbar of 1859. its population 6519. 1860. Residence: Lughasi. The area of the State is 388 square miles .d.. the ruler of Anhalwara Patan and Gujarat. August 11. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor October 7. May 25. Rdjd of. a valuable jdgir. b. Rana Bhimsinghji removed to Lunawara across the Mahi. The present Rao Bahadur is grandson of Sardar Singh.C. claiming descent from Sidraj Jaisingh. K. its population about 76. 78 infantry.000. As a reward for these services. Maharana Shri Sir Wakhatsinghji Dalelsinghji. and in 1434 a. but the rights of the latter were transferred to the British Government in 1861. Belongs to the family of the great Solanki clan of Rajputs. and was installed as ruler in August 1880 on attaining his majority. and 7 guns. The area of the State is 47 square miles . together with a khilat. 1867. LUNAWARA.E. authorizing the privilege of adoption. The Maharana was educated at the Rajkumar College. and a sanad. 1889. Central India.d. In 1857 the Diwan Sardar Singh of Lughasi was loyal to the Government during the time of the Mutiny. The State was tributary both to Baroda and to Gwalior . The Maharana's ancestors are said to have established themselves as Chiefs of Virpur in 1225 a. chiefly Hindus. He was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. . though half the villages of the State were laid waste by the rebels in consequence of his fidelity. A ruling chief. chiefly . Rajkot.

The title was conferred on January 1. Maulavi Hafiz Muhammad. Residence: Lwe-e. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Aligarh. LWE-E. Maung Shwe Pyi. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation.Hindus. Mir. Burma. A ruling chief. LUTF All KHAN. Burma. A ruling chief. Bombay. A ruling chief. LWEMAW. Ngwegunhmu of. See Muhammad. Shan States. Myoza of. but including over 3000 Muhammadans. Residence : Shikarpur. which has an area of about 30 square miles. 295 infantry. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. LUFT ALI KHAN walad ALADITTA KHAN. The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Ngwegunhmu of. LWEL0N. The Maharana maintains a military force of 201 cavalry. The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Maung Kan Chok. Residence: Lwelon. Shan States. Shams-al-Ulama. its area is about 400 square miles. The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier . as a personal distinction. Residence: Lunawara. Sind. North-Western Provinces. Kunwar Muhammad. the area of which is about 25 square miles. LUFT-ULLA. Maung Kyi. The population consists almost entirely of Shans. and 40 guns. 1894. Its population consists almost entirely of Shans. The title has been continued for life. The population consists almost . Rewa Kantha.

Received the title on May 21.v. MADHAB CHANDAR RAI. Is a feudatory of the Raja of Keonthal (q. Residence: Calcutta. Bombay. Residence: Lwemaw. . for eminent services in the Postal Department. MADAN MOHAN BAISAK. MADANPUR. Granted the title of Rai Bahadur. 1893. H. Rai Bahadur. and rules over one of the Simla Hill States. Punjab. Punjab. Received the title on January 1. on January 1. Residence : Madhan. Bengal. Is an Extra Assistant Commissioner. 1898. Thdkur of. Lala. Is Commandant of H. MADHAN. Burma. Residence : Baroda. Residence : Naihati. 1896.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 167 entirely of Shans. 1898. Chief of. MADHAVRAO BAJI. MADHAB. Residence: Assam. The title was conferred. MADHAV CHANDRA BARDHAI. Rao Bahadur. as a personal distinction. Residence : Lahore. Rai Bahadur. See Saheh Lai. Simla Hills. Shan States. The title was conferred on May 25. January 2. as a personal distinction. Rai Bahadur. 1895. MADAN GOPAL. SeeMadhav.). the Gaekwar's Light Field Battery. Rai Bahadur.

Prithvi Raj's brother.MADHAVRAO MALHARRAO (of Nagar). Vishwasrao.d. 1847. left Sambhalgarh.v. and for safety's sake adopted the name of Vasishtagoti (contracted into Batasgoti and ultimately Bachgoti). Bombay.). MADHAVRAO SOMAJI MORE. His descendant. Rai. the survivors emigrated. MADHO PRASAD SINGH (of Adharganj). Rai Mihrban Singh. His grandson. and wandering eastward. Bhilkaria. and aiding the Nawab Shuja-ud-daula in his war against the British. He married the daughter of Raja Ram Deo. The title is hereditary. See Mahadavrao Somji More. and ultimately dispossessed his brother-in-law. in Sultanpur. who vowed its extermination. was driven into exile by the Nawab. The sept having incurred the excessive wrath of the Emperor Ala-ud-din of Delhi. The title is hereditary. the Rai being the representative of the great Bachgoti sept of Rajputs. The Chief. Rao Bahadur. October 11.d. sprung from the ancient and illustrious family of the Chauhan Rajputs of Mainpuri (q. Chief of Patti. Bodh Singh. Residence : Khandesh. b. Bariar Singh. became chief military officer under the Raja. received the title of Rai from the Hasanpur Raja of Sultanpur. and his fort of . from the saint who called forth their ancestor (the Aynikula) from the fire to defend the Munis of Mount Abu against the demons. Oudh. settled about 1248 a. was defeated with him at the battle of Baksar in 1775 a. descendant of Chahir Deo. and seized the territory.

Residence : Jaunpur. Partabgarh. Residence : Dalippur. The title was conferred on May 24. and settled in the Jaunpur district. b. whose ancestors nine generations ago came from Baiswara in Oudh. He is an Honorary Magistrate and an Assistant Collector. and from the first boldly took the side of the Government. gradually reacquired much of the family property. b.Kot Bhilkar was sacked by the latter about the year 1780. Raja. 1857. MADHO RAM. Rai Bahadur. was succeeded by his eldest son. He rendered every assistance to Government. Residence: Cawnpore. North-Western Provinces. the title being hereditary. who in turn succeeded. and protected the lives and property of several indigo-planters. for these services he received a sanad and a grant of land. The Rai Bahadur rendered valuable service during the time of the Mutiny in 1857. this family being an offshoot of the Bais of Daundia Khera. Succeeded the late Raja Randhir Singh in 1889. Raja Mardan Singh 168 . Rai Sitla Bakhsh. and subsequently the title of Rai Bahadur. 1883. Rai Kalka Bakhsh Singh . MADHO SINGH. Oudh. MADHO SINGH (of Bharawan). as a personal distinction. His three sons. Lala. Belongs to a Kshatriya family of the Bais clan. North-Western Provinces. on November 23. 1821. and the latter by his brother. Belongs to a Kshatriya family of the Bais clau. The youngest. the present Rai. 1898. Rai Bahadur. 1852. The title was conferred on January 1.

TJidkur of. December 1. for eminent services in the Police Department. Central Provinces. February 2. MADHO SINGH. MADHU SUDAN SMRITIRATNA. b. for eminence in oriental learning. on January 1. Thakur Himatsinghji. He was consequently rewarded with a khilat. Residence: Mahuda. 1897. Rao Saheb. The title was conferred. 1835. Oudh. Residence : Nadiya. Kaira. and the ancient Rahtor Emperors of Kanauj . 1848. the predecessor of the present Rajii. Thakur. Rai Bahddur. 1895. The title was conferred on January 1. MAGORI. He was succeeded by Raja Randhir Singh. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. and after the recapture of Lucknow made himself useful in restoring order in the Sandila tahsil. and a grant of some confiscated estates. as a personal distinction. Hardoi. MAGANLAL JAICHAND. MADHU SUDAN CHAUDHBI. Received the title on May 26. Pandit . succeeded to the gadi as a minor on the death of his father. Rao Saheb.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA in 1857 gave shelter to some fugitives from Sitapur. March 1. Residence: Kharwa. 1832. Bengal. 1877. A ruling chief. claiming descent from the legendary hero Rama. Mahdmahopddhydya. Bombay. Received the title on June 3. The Thakur belongs to the illustrious family of the chiefs of the Rahtor clan of Rajputs. Residence: Bengal. Residence: Bharawan. the late Thakur Fatehsinghji. 1899. b.

Certain payments called kichri are made annually by this State to Idar. claiming descent from Urdhabo Gond. and settled in Sambalpur. The Sarddr Maha Singh belongs to a Gond (aboriginal) family. Sambalpur. acquiring a jdgir for military services from the reigning Raja of Sambalpur. Kunwars Mokhamsinghji and Daulatsinghji.v. Rai Bahadur. who in turn was descended from the second son of the last Rahtor sovereign of Kanauj. The title is hereditary. Mahi Kantha. chiefly Hindus. 1891. Bhaya. The Thakur was granted the title of Rai Bahadur as a personal distinction on January 1. Ratansinghji.v. through the House of Idar. 1849. Bombay. for his liberality during the famine of 1873-74. Residence: Allahabad. Sarddr.). MAHABIR PRASHAD SAH. MAHA SINGH (of Kharsal). Rdi Bahddur. its population 3076. Thakur.of the Suryavansa or Solar race. The head of this family uses the Gond device as a signature. Residence: Saran. Residence: Kharsal. b. who was descended from a younger son of one of the ancient Raos of Idar (q. Central Provinces.). MAHABIR PARSHAD NARAYAN SINGH. The Thakur has two sons.Western Provinces. North. 1875. MAHABIR SINGH DEO. See . The area of the State is 75 square miles . a soldier of fortune who came from Garha-Mandla. the founder of the Magori family. Bengal. having been a younger son of a Rawal of Malpur (q. Residence: Magori. and in recognition of the good services of his family to the Government. The title is personal. and was conferred on September 10.

1893. MAHADAJI BALLAL LAGHATE. Residence : Poona. MAHARAJ NARAYAN. The title is personal. Granted the title. Pandit. 1899. 1898. Rao Bahadur. "Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire February 15. Residence : Benares. Residence: Ratnagiri. Received the title of Rao Saheb on May 21. Rao Saheb. MAHADEO K.Chang Bhakar. Residence: Bombay. and was conferred on January 1. MAHADAVRAO SOMJI MORE. Rao Bahadur. MAHARAJ SINGH (of Haldaur). 1887. Residence: Bombay. . 1890. 1878.. as a personal distinction for good service in the Salt Department. Bombay. Sivapuri.Western Provinces. The title is personal. 1897. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 169 . on January 2. MAHADEO GOVIND RANADE. KUMTHEKAR. — Generally a prefix. Rdjd Bahadur. MAHARAJ. Rao Bahadur. Rai Bahadur. CLE. Bombay. North. and that of Rao Bahadur on June 3. Received the title on June 22. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and was conferred on January 1.

Raia (of Bhadawar). The Kao Maharaj Singh is the son of the late Rao Khuman Singh of Patan. under the Chief Commissioner of Assam . through the Subahdar Ghairdt Khan. Seim of. Central Provinces. having been originally conferred by the Mughal Emperor of Delhi.Residence : Bijnaur. Belongs to the same family as that of the Kao Bhopal Singh of Sehora. and the Maharaja is the present .. The title is personal. CLE. 1883. MAHARAJ SINGH (of Patan). See Thummon. Residence : Calcutta. consisting chiefly of Khdsis and Christians. whom he succeeded. MAHARAJ THUMMON SINGH HAZARI. Thakur. Rai Bahadur. The title is hereditary. Residence : Maharam. The Seim is the Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. North-Western Provinces. MAHDAUNA. Rao Saheb. in Sagar district. its population is 7591. but the title of Rdjd of Bhadawar is hereditary. Rao. Maharaja. b. b. Sagar. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 1881. Assam. MAHARAJ SINGH. for good services in capturing the fortress of Dhamoni. and was conferred on May 20. Khasi Hills. Residence: Patan. September 26. MAHARAM. 1859. Succeeded to the gadi December 15. MAHENDRA LAL SIRCAR. Central Provinces. 1877. 1835. MAHENDRA MAHENDRA SINGH. CLE. See Partab Nardyan Singh. January 1. The title of Maharaja is personal. Kison Singh. Residence : Sagar. 1890. A ruling chief . and was conferred on July 25. Rdjd of.

Achal Deo was the ancestor of the Bhadawar family at the time of Timur's invasion. the grandson of Rajao Rawat is entered as a mansabddr of 500. In the Ain-i-Akbari of Abul Fazl. in the Agra district. The Maharaja has been exempted from personal appearance in the Civil Courts. During the palmy days of the Mughal Empire the Raja of Bhadawar was reckoned. who is the Chief of all the Chauhans. including the title of "Mahendra. and Bundi. In the time of the Emperor Akbar. granted sanads to the family. At the Court of the Emperor Shah Jahan. copies of which are in existence. born October 11. slew a famous Meo freebooter named Haitu. and has a son and heir. and the ." Lord of the Earth. on the right bank of the Jumna. 1891. Maharajkumar Mahendra Sumrat Singh. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.head and representative of one of the greatest and most powerful historical families of the North-Western Provinces. and the Emperor Muhammad Shah. and (together with his re- tainers) from the operation of certain provisions of the Arms Act. Bhadauriya. the Raja Padam Singh. and he appears to have given the name of Bhadauriya to his sept of Rajputs. from the village of Bhadaura. has married a sister of the Raja of Mainpuri. 1875. Rajao Rawut. as one of the four Hindu "Pillars of the Empire". then the head of the family. the son of Aurangzeb. was a mansabddr of 1500. Jodhpur. May 30. with the Rajas of Jaipur. with the title of Raja. He is the Chief of the Bhadauriya sept of the illustrious Chauhdn clan of Rajputs . Azam Shah. and obtained great honours and rewards from the Great Mughal.

Is an Assistant-Surgeon in the Army Medical Department. Agra District. who died without issue in 1840. 1897. was the son of Raja Partab Singh. The late Raja Samait Singh. 1899. and the present Maharaja was the adopted son of Rdjd Samait Singh. Is a Deputy Magistrate. Rai Saheb. his levies barred the way of the mutineers through his territories. Residence: Bengal. 1898. The title was conferred on January 1. and successfully guarded the ghats of the Chambal and Jumna. 170 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA MAHENDRA NATH GUPTA. Residence: Calcutta. Received the title on January 2. The Mahdrdjd " showed conspicuous zeal and loyalty" during the period of the Mutiny of 1857 . North.Western Pro- MAHENDRA NATH CHATTARJI. Residence: Bengal. Received the title on January 1. and succeeded him. Received the title on June 22. and subsequently. the Rajas of Bhadawar rendered valuable aid . 1892. In the time of Lord Lake's campaigns against the Mahrattas. Eat Bahadur.to the British arms. . Bat Bahadur. Rai Saheb.history of the family is full and interesting. Residence: Naugaon. MAHENDRA NATH GUPTA. MAHENDRA NATH CHATTERJEE.

M. (Yakil of the High Court of Calcutta). and the estimation in which he is held by Indian scholars is marked by his title of " Nyayaratna. andMahimanath Bhattacharyya. The Mahamahopadhyaya.L. belongs to a Kulin Brahman family of the highest rank. . and his two uncles. North. Bat Bahadur. lor eminence in oriental learning.A. B.. born February 1868 .A. 1892. Munindranath Bhattacharyya. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. the daughter of Pandit Ram Chand Tarkabagis of Sonagachi. and the number of learned Pandits it has produced. The title of Mahamahopadhyaya was conferred as a personal distinction on February 16. 1887. B . born April 1870. He was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. He has a brother. 1881 . Pandit Madhabchandra Sarbabhauma. Guruprasada Tarkapanchanana and Thakurdasa Clmramani. in the Jehanabad subdivision of the district of Hugli. (of the Financial Department of the Government of India).. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. M. He married. May 24. were eminent Pandits. MAHESH CHANDRA NYAYARATNA. The title was conferred on January 21. Sabha Pandit of Maisadal Raj. born April 1863 . the Bhattacharyya family of Narit. in the year 1848. His father. Mahdmahopddhydya. MAHENDRA NATH OHDEDAR. Harinarayana Tarkasiddhanta.Besidence: Bengal." He .Western Provinces.A. He has a daughter and three sons — Manmathanath Vidyaratna. Besidence : Allahabad. CLE. which has long been distinguished for the zealous cultivation of Sanskrit learning. who is one of the most distinguished Sanskrit scholars in India.

of an examination. by the Government of Bengal. the Kdvya Prakds . etc. To this examination are admitted students from indigenous institutions (called Chatuspathis or Tols) as well as from the special classes that have been organized in connection with the Sanskrit College. and the Black Yajur Veda. Vtdydratna.succeeded. He has edited. but has taken a leading part in the opening out of good roads and tramways in his native District. all over Bengal. Professor E. The Authorship of Mrichchhakatika. by pecuniary help and otherwise. and the opening out of means of communication. The Mahamahopad- . and also. — are those of the ancient Sanskrit Pandits in the Universities of Nadiya. and elsewhere. Lupta Savivatsara. also the Mimdnsd Darsana. The Title Examination has been the means of stimulating in some measure. the rather waning zeal for the cultivation of Sanskrit learning. B. Tulasidhdrana Mimdnsd. Benares. He has done much for the general encouragement of Sanskrit learning. for the conferment of titles on meritorious students of special departments of Sanskrit learning. called the Sanskrit Title Examination. with copious Notes. Cowell (now Professor of Sanskrit in the University of Cambridge) as Principal of the Sanskrit College of Calcutta. He maintains a secondary school (a High Anglo-Sanskrit School) at his native village of Narit. and he has not only greatly improved the roads in and near about this village. in furtherance of famine-relief. He has written many pamphlets. During the tenure of the Principalship he has taken the initiative in the institution. The titles given — Nyayaratna. the promotion of education. after an interval. such as Bemarks on Baydnanda SarasvaWs Veda-Bhdshya.

and the Anthropological Society of Bombay . Bengal.hyaya is a Member of the Bengal Asiatic Society. the Board of* Examiners. a Member of the Bethuen (Girls') College Committee. the late Raja Rudr Partab Singh. Besidence : THE GOLDEN BOOK OP INDIA 171 Calcutta. the title heing hereditary on the death of his father. Rdjd. MAHESH PARTAB SINGH (of Anaula). Howrah. b. and he has lately been elected a Foreign Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences at Buda-Pesth. 1824. Succeeded to the Raj on March 23. Hindi. descended from the same ancestors as those of the TMkur of Bansi. and a Visitor of the Government Engineering College at Sibpur in the neighbourhood of Calcutta. Belongs to a Sarnet Rajput family. Narit. . 1890. the Calcutta University. the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science. He is also JointSecretary of the Hindu Hostel Committee. North-Western Provinces. and Benares. Gorakhpur. Residence : Anaula. and English. the Behar Sanskrit Samaj. Is the brother of the Maharaja Bahadur of Gidhaur in Bengal. Mahdraj-kumdr Rao. the Central Text Book Committee of Bengal. Amta. Persian. Residence : Gidhaur. Educated in Sanskrit. January 25. MAHESHWAR PRASAD SINGH.

The title was conferred on February 16. died in 1770. Alaknanda Chaudhurani. at which period RamaNath Chaki was in the service of the Raja of Kuch Behar. February 3. His son. 1853. and obtained the title of Chaudhri . 1887.. The latter. Sambhu Chandra Rai Chaudhri (son of Ram Rudra's younger son). and a friend to Sanskrit learning . Belongs to the Chaudhri family of Kakina. Rasik Rai Chaudhri. Raghu Ram. Ram Rudra Rai Chaudhri. as a personal distinction.MAHIGANJ. he died in 1710. became the first Zamindar of Kakina under the Mughals when they gained possession of Rangpur in 1687. leaving a minor son and heir. he founded a Bengali press. Rudra Rai Chaudhri. whose ancestors first settled in the district in the reign of Charles I. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Rdjd. shortly after the passing of Rangpur into British possession. who was distinguished as a philanthropist and scholar. See Janaki Ballabh Sen. Rdjd of. followed in succession . He was renowned as a Vedanta scholar. the latter died in 1768. and his grandson. b. Raja Rai Chaudhri. and kept a . successfully administered the Zamindari until her son. died in 1820. mentioned above as the father of the present Raja. His son. MAHIMA RANJAN RAI CHAUDHRI. The Raja is the son of the late Babu Sambhu Chandra Rai Chaudhri. the latter dying without issue in 1850 was followed by his cousin. became the Sendpati or Commander-inChiet of the Kuch Behar forces. Ram Narayan. Rangpur. succeeded in 1784. His son. and was succeeded in turn by his eldest son and grandson . His son. his widow.

and has issue a son. and its area is 53 square miles . and vice versd. Rdnd of. Residence : Mahlog. Muhammad (of Chitari). Khdn Bahadur. dated September 4. educated at Rangpur School. Benares. His son. Residences : Rajbari. See . attained his majority in 1871. conquered the country. the Thakur was confirmed in the possession of his State by a sanad from the British Government. and a composer of many national songs. Mahlog is one of the Simla Hill States. the motto — Nisi Dominus frustra. volant. its population about 9169. Has founded several schools and charitable institutions . and speaker on religious and political subjects. b. 1861. Kumar Mahendra Ranjan Rai Chaudhri. chiefly Hindus. Naxodb. 1880. Rangpur. claiming descent from the Rajput Chief Rana Hari Chand. MAHLOG. and died in 1880. The Rand maintains a military force of 30 men. the present Raja. 1874. author. A ruling chief. 1898. MAHMUD All KHAN. and on their expulsion in the latter year by the British Power. Succeeded to the gadi May 16. Simla Hills. Thirty-four generations of chiefs intervened between Rana Hari Chand and the late Thakur Dalip Chand. and founded the State of Mahlog. succeeded to the estate as a minor . born September 19. He married in 1868 Man Mohini Rai Chaudhurani. Punjab. Thakur Raghnath Chand. who succeeded to the gadi in 1849. proper. The Thakur was granted the title of Rana as a personal distinction on January 1. who in early times came on a pilgrimage. 1815. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. is a poet. The Gurkhas overran the district between 1803 and 1815 .number of Pandits engaged in translating Sanskrit works into Persian. Kakina . The family crest is an angel.

Khdn Bahadur. Residence: Kalat. MAHOMED. See Muhammad. Received the title of Khan Saheb on May 21. January 1. See Muhammad Amir Hasan Khan. MAHSTJD HASAN KHAN. Mir (of Kalat) . The title is a personal one. Shaikh. 1896. Khdn Bahadur. 172 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA MAHMUD JUANI. Residence : Karbal. Munshi. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.Muhammad. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. North-Western Provinces. MAHOMEDBHAI IBRAHIM. Residence : Akbarpur. Munshi. for eminence in oriental learning. Shams-ulUlama. CLE. 1899. 1878. and was conferred on February 16. Baluchistan. The title was conferred on June 22. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. . Khdn Bahadur. Raja of. MAHMUD KHAN. MAHMUDABAD. MAHMUD HASAN KHAN. MAHOMET. 1897. Residence : Bombay. 1887. Beceived the title on January 1. 1899. Residence: Calcutta. Cawnpore. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. See Muhammad. Bengal.

and lost some of his Ambala possessions. Sarddr. who was slain in battle.d. Residence : Lidhran. Ambala. Rani. MAHTAB SHAH. MAHTAB SINGH (of Lidhran). the Rani. 1878. Oudh. The title is hereditary.Western Provinces. Sardar Mahtab Singh is the son of the Sardar Budh Singh. The Raja has recently died. Sardar Jai Singh obtaiued considerable territories in Lidhran. Subadar-Major. the Governor of Sirhind. Residence : Upper Burma. who was born in 1812. Pun- . b. for which he received a suitable reward. Ludhiana. He was succeeded by his only son. Khdn Saheb. and in Kharar. Punjab. The title was conferred for eminent Police service. about 1759 a. as a personal distinction. Received the title on January 1. who succeeded to his estate in accordance with the rule of Chanda Vanda. MAHTAB SINGH. who joined the Nishanwala misl or confederacy which opposed Zain Khan. on April 23. On the invasion of Ahmad Shah Durani he fled to the hills. by each of whom he had children. North. on the late Raja Tilak Singh of Katiari. the Sardar being a descendant of Sardar Jai Singh. has succeeded him. 1897. Hardoi. which before his return had fallen into the hands of the Maharaja of Patiala. Ludhiana. which is the custom of this family. MAHTAB KUNWAR (of Katiari). Residence : Lahore. Residence : Katiari. The title of Raja was conferred.Mainpuri. who had three wives. and his widow. Rai Bahadur. Ouclh. 1868. on May 20. and rendered excellent service to Government during the Mutiny of 1857. Sardar Charat Singh. 1896. in the district of Hardoi.

which has an area of about 800 square miles. A ruling chief. Raja Raghbir Singh.jab. The grandfather of the present Raja was the grandson of Durjan Singh. on February 14. Durjan Singh. The Raja Raghbir Singh obtained the title of Raja. with the title of Rais. Residence : Maihar. Nimar.709. Kun Hmon. The title is hereditary. was in possession of Maihar. descended from Beni Hazuri. Central Provinces. and 7 guns. A ruling chief . The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. The Raja maintains a military force of 8 cavalry. b. and ultimately obtained from his master the jdgir of Maihar. When Baghelkhand became British territory by the Treaty of Bassein in 1802. Baghelkhand. Residence: Piplod. who was in the service of the Bundela Raja of Panna. Raid of. named Jadbir Singh. MAING KAING. Rand of. he has a son and heir. The family claims descent from the famous Chauhan Rajputs of Ajmir. but including more than 10. Belongs to a Jogi (mendicant ascetic) family of Hindus . MAIL0G. 227 infantry. 1843. chiefly Hindus. See Narendra Bahadur Pal. Rand. MAIHAR. and he was confirmed by the British Government. Central India. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1852. See Mahlog. MAHULI. MAHTAB SINGH (of Piplod). The area of the State is 400 square miles : its population is 71. Myoza of. and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. 1869 . the youngest son of Beni Hazuri. Rdjd of. Succeeded the late Rana Amed Singh in 1892.000 belonging to aboriginal tribes. in place of the older title of Rais. and a population .

MAING NAUNG. which has an area of about 800 square miles. MAING PUN. The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Sawhwa of. Burma. Shan States. This State has four considerable feudatory States on the other side of the Salwin river. The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Kun Ti. named Maing Han. Sawbwa of. Myoza of. Kun Tun. Residence : Maing Naung. and a population consisting mainly of Shans. Residence : Maing Pun. and Maiug Tun. The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. A ruling chief. A ruling chief. Residence : Maing Pan. and most of the Sawbwa's subjects are Shans. Shan States. Shan States. Maing Ta. Kun Pwin. and a population consisting mainly of Shans. Burma. MAING SEIK. which has an area of ahout 900 square miles. Maing Sut. Residence: Maing Kaing. Burma. Including these its area is about 3000 square miles. with a few Yins. A ruling chief. A ruling chief. Shan States. The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. which has an area of about 4000 square miles (more than three- . Burma. Myoza of. Kun Hlaing.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 173 consisting almost entirely of Shans. MAING PAN.

Shan States. with a good many Yins. Kun Kyaw. Biswa or Bisu Sen. claiming descent from the famous ascetic Mayar Bhat. all of whom were styled Sen. to Bodh Mall.d. Myoza of. MAING SHU. Residence: Maing Shu. obtained the title of Mall on account of his bravery from one of the Delhi Emperors. Burma.. MAISADAL. MAING SIN. Rdjd of. Burma. Residence: Maing Sin. had a son. MAINPURI. Burma. The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. After him there were 79 generations of Rajas. Shan States. A ruling chief. See Rampartab Singh of Mainpuri. Rdjd of. The Myoza 'is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. which has an area of about 100 square miles. Hardeo Sen. with some Yins. by one of his wives. The latter. who was the great ancestor of the Bisen clan. Kausil Kishor Parshad Mall Bahadur. and a population consisting mainly of Shans. and a population consisting largely of Shans. Kun Maha. He is the Chief of the great Bisen clan of Rajputs in the Gorakhpur district. The 80th Raja. which has an area of about 50 square miles. and a population consisting almost entirely of Shans. The Raja succeeded the late Raja Udai Narayan Mall of Majhauli in 1891. Rdjd of. Myoza of. and .fourths as large as the kingdom of Saxony). MAJHAUU. Rdjd. a Surajbansi Rajputni named Surajprabha. See Jyoti Prasad Garga. Residence: Maing Seik. Shan States. A ruling chief. Then followed 23 generations. who succeeded in 1564 a.

and having long been recognized. MAJITHIA. 1869 . MAKRAI. The late Raja. Residence : Cawnpur. Residence : Majhauli. 1874. 1846. The title is hereditary. Rao. has been held 174 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . "When the British Government took the district. Rdjd of. 1832. born April 2. 1866. MAKHAN KUMARI.— A title when followed by two names.is said to have been arrested for arrears of revenue by order of the Emperor Akbar. The title was granted on January 1. Succeeded to the gadi December 5. having been originally conferred on the Thakur ancestors of the Rao Makat Singh by the Raja Gyan Chand. in which the title of " Rajd Hatiya Rai. Bhagalpur. and died in 1891. succeeded Raja Tej Mall in 1843. Residence : Lachhmipur. Udai Narayan Mall. Sarddr of. tfeeHarRatan Singh. b. A ruling chief. b. the Raja was Ajit Mall. The Rao has two grandsons — Lai Singh. Rdjd of." originally conferred by the Emperor of Delhi. See Umrao Singh. born June 28. who was Chief from 1753 to 1806. Bengal. MAJHGAWAN. Gorakhpur. Rdni. North. Raja Bharat Sah. MAKHDUM. MAKAT SINGH. Thakurani. North-Western Provinces. and Ladan Singh. 1898.Western Provinces. Belongs to a very ancient Gond (aboriginal) family.

Central Provinces. MALAISOHMAT. See Gopal Rao Shivdeo. b. claiming descent from Raja Durjan Sal. TJ Lat Singh. 1858. MAKSUDANGARH. its population is about 12. RAJ. MALER K0TLA. His Highness Nawab Muhammad Ibrahim Ali Khan Bahadur.from time immemorial. The State is a feudatory of Gwalior .764. and was conferred on May 20. Residence : Maksudangarh. an ancient Khichi chief of the Rajputs. MALEGA0N. Sarddr of. 1889. Punjab). Belongs to a Khichi Rajput (Hindu) family. Rdjd Bahadur of.000. Naicdb Bahadur of. Residence : Malaisohmat. Bhopal. Raja Raghunath Singh. Residence : Makrai. Residence: Bombay. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in November 1865. Rdjd of A ruling chief. 1890. chiefly Hindus. and a dhanka or drum. Assam. 1849. Succeeded to the gadi July 16. The State has an area of 155 square miles . A ruling chief. Central India. Seim of. and a population of 16. MALAUDH. consisting chiefly of Khasis and Christian converts. b. See Sundar Singh. b. Succeeded to the gadi April 10. chiefly Hindus. Rai Saheb. A ruling chief . Babu (of Kartarpur. Belongs to an Afghan . Khasi Hills. The Seim is Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. The title is personal. The Raja is entitled to be attended by a redcoloured flag as a banner. Hoshangabad. its population is about 450. under the Chief Commissioner of Assam . 1890. MALAK. 1871.

was forced to sign a treaty. it was frequently involved in feucls with its Sikh neighbours. and being hard pressed by the forces of the Raja Amar Singh of Patiala. and obtained in marriage a daughter of the Afghan Emperor of DelLi. In 1794 a combination of Sikh Sardars attacked Maler Kotla under the Bedi Saheb Singh. and reduced to extremities. experienced the vengeance of the Sikhs . The State gradually became independent during the decay of the Imperial power of Delhi in the 18th century.family.and founded the town of Maler Kotla in 1657 a. and guaranteed against the encroachments of the Maharaja Ranjit . when he was saved from destruction by the intervention of the Raja of Patiala. In 1787 the Rajd of Patiala aided the Nawab of Maler Kotla against the Sikh Sardar of Bhadaur. The Nawab was besieged in Maler Kotla. In General Lake's campaigns against the Mahrattas. Shaikh Sadrud-din. however. came from Kabul about the end of the 15th century. the Nawab Bhikan Khan. but being under Afghan and Muhammadan rulers. and again in 1761 the same Nawab aided the forces of Ahmad Shah Durani against the Sikhs. who obtained the title of Nawab irom the Emperor Alamgir.d. the Nawab of Maler Kotla joined the British army with all his followers. whose ancestor. In 1732 the Nawab Jamal Khan aided the Imperialist troops against Rdjd Ala Singh of Patiala . Fifth in descent from him was Bazid Khan. and especially with the powerful Chiefs of Patiala. and in 1809 was taken under British protection. with a territory in the province of Sirhind as her dowry. Jamal Khan's son. a descendant of the great Sikh Guru. Baba Nanak. under which peace ensued for many years.

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 175 MALHAR RAO.000. when he died without issue in 1871. and the .000.000. Punjab. He maintains a military force of 60 cavalry. MALHAJINI. and shows that at a Darbar held by the Emperor Shah Alam a very high position was conferred on this family. Residence: Maler Kotla.000. The area of the State is 164 square miles . The late Nawab. including 2 guns which were added to the salute as a personal distinction on January 1. Rdjd of. The title is hereditary. and 6 guns. The Nawab enjoys the title of " His Highness" as a personal distinction. Rao. Sikandar Ali Khan. he was succeeded by the present Nawab. 228 infantry. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Majesty as Empress of India. 1827. which styles his ancestor Raja Ambaji Bahadur Ingli. The Rao possesses a sanad of the time of the Emperor Shah Alam. and accordingly. in 1862. See Parbal Partab Singh. the Muhammadans about 24. the family having heen the rulers of Jabalpur district during the time of the Mahratta Government. 1877. Ingli. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. I.Singh of Lahore. the heir of a collateral branch of the family. its population is about 71. and the Hindus about 16. of whom the Sikhs number about 28. obtained the assurance of the British Government that any succession in accordance with Muhammadan law would be respected.

MALLIEM. A ruling chief: b. Central Provinces. under the Chief Commissioner of Assam . was ruler of Jabalpur under the Mahratta Government. Residence: Bharrai. The Seim is Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. MALKHORDA. Thdkur of. consisting chiefly of Khasis . Central Provinces. Residence : Jabalpur. Nawanagar. b. Bombay. its population 11. Succeeded to the gadi June 23. Succeeded to the gadi on the death of his father. 1875. 1896.management of several tdlukas entrusted to them. b. 1843. 49 infantry. Seim of. and Morvi . Sdgar. Thakur Modhji Mulvaji. The title is hereditary. 16. MALIK— A prefix. Thdkur of. MALLANPUR. See Richhpal Singh. MALKHAN SINGH (of Bharrai). and was originally conferred on Rati Rao by the old Mahratta Government of Deori. the Malia family being an offshoot of the Morvi branch. its population is 12. on September 9. See Murad Ali. Belongs to the great Jareja Rajput (Hindu) family which has given ruling Houses to Kutch. MALLR. 1846. Kdthidwdr. Rdjd of. chiefly Hindus. The area of the State is 102 square miles . July 1. father of the present Rao. See Maneshwar Bakhsh Singh. Rao Saheb. 1862. the late Rao Saheb Hindupat of Bharrai. A ruling chief. Hain Manik. The Thdkur maintains a military force of 25 cavalry.224. The Thakur has a son and heir named Raisinghji. Residence : Malia. MALIA. and 1 gun.338. Succeeded to the gadi December. Jam of. Rao Gangddhar Ingli. 1868.

MAN SINGH (of Sarwan). and pays kichri to Idar. 1882. b.and Christian converts. and was conferred . Succeeded to the gadi April 12. Residence : Lahore. through the ancient Raos of Idar. its population is 14. The Rdwal is the direct descendant of Rdwal Virajmal. 1863. The area of the State. Sarddr Bahadur. Residence: Mdlpur. MALPUR. chiefly Hindus. is 324 square miles. Bombay.M. CLE. A ruling chief .. eighth Rao of Idar. It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. The titJe is personal. Burma. on the death of his father. the late Rdwal Sheosinghji Khumdnsinghji. Punjab. of. who was the younger son of Kirathsinghji. Thuye gating ngwe Da ya Mia. Rawal Dipsinghji Sheosinghji. Mdhi Kdntha. The title is hereditary. 1890." Residence : Prome. The Rdwal belongs to the illustrious family of the Chiefs of the Rdhtor clan of Rajputs. January 1. The title (which is indicated by the letters T. Maung. Rdwal of. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire._iVrtwaZ&gt. and was conferred on May 20. See Ghulam Kutab-ud-din. Khasi Hills. claiming descent from the legendary hero Rdma and the ancient Rdhtor Emperors of Kanauj of the Suryavansa or Solar race. MAN SINGH. Sarddr. MAN SINGH (of Mokal). MAN. 1886. which is tributary to Baroda. after the name) is personal.D.009. Residence: Punjab. Residence: Malliem (or Mylliem). the founder of the Malpur State. MAMDOT. Rao Bahddnr.

MAN SINGH. Rai Bahadur. Sarddh Bela Singh (cousin of Sarddh Kdhan Singh. was drowned in the Sutlej in the vain attempt to ford the river after the bridge of boats had been broken down. and in September he greatly distinguished himself by the gallantry with which he led his troop against very superior numbers of the enemy — when he was wounded in the head. and was conferred on March 12. Residence : Sukpur. Firuzshahr. whose ancestors rose to considerable power and importance during the reign of the Mahdrdjd Ran jit Singh. Bhagalpur. On his retirement in 1861 he was made Honorary Police Magistrate of twenty-eight villages in the neighbourhood of his ancestral seat of Mokal. The title is hereditary. and Bela Singh. Residence: Ratldm. The title of Rai Bahadur is personal. with his son Surjan Singh. Bengal. Central India. The Sarddr is the head of the Mokal family of Sindhu Jats. in recognition of the excellent services rendered by the Thdkur in the famine of 1873-74. Mdna Singh's 176 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA father). Thakur. and his horse was wounded under him. and in 1862 .1879. severely wounded at Sobraon. Sarddr. and Sobraon. 1875. fought on the Sikh side at the hattles of Mudki. M ANA SINGH (of Mokal) .onOctober 31. In 1858 Sardar Mana Singh was appointed an officer of the 5th Banda Military Police.

b. as a personal distinction. See Lehna Singh. b. Residence : Mokal. the Poona College. Lahore. 1839.received a considerable grant of land. Has rendered distinguished service in the Public Works Department of Bombay. Sardar of. and the Executive Engineer of the Presidency City of Bombay. Rdnd of. and the Poona School of Engineering. (3) Lai Singh. (2) Partab Singh. amongst whom the eldest male is the heir-apparent. 1832. born 1849.E. MANA VIKRAMA RAJA.. born 1852 . is a C. the Khan Bahadur was educated at the Elphinstone High School. or First Raja of Calicut.E. "The Eralpad" is the courtesy title borne by the heir-apparent to the Zamorin. as well as Khan Bahadur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Is . A respected member of the Parsi community. by which the succession goes to the offspring of the female members of the family. MANCHERJI KAWASJI MARZBAN. born 1855.. MANAWALA. C. He has three sons— (1) Narayan Singh. MANASAWAL. under the Marumakkatayam law of inheritance. Residence : Calicut. Madras. Raja. The title was conferred on January 1. July 7. See Hira Singh. 1877. Punjab. Malabar District. The Eralpad.I. The Eralpad bears also the title of Second Raja of Calicut {see Calicut). in recognition whereof he has been created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Khan Bahadur.

London. born August 15. Mithibai. on June 22.. Has acted as the representative of His Highness the Maharaja of Bhaunagar on many important occasions in England .I. The title is personal.I. Khan Bahadur. MANCHERJI RUSTAMJI DHOLU. MANCHERJI MEHRWANJI BHAUNAGRI. 1858. Western Malwa. Married Gulbai. Esq. June 28. Rawat Kesri Singh. an Associate Member of the Institute of Civil Engineering. P. daughter of Danaji Kueeoji.E. Is Member of Parliament for the North-East Division of Bethnal Green.a J. Residence : 3 Cromwell Crescent. Belongs to a Doria Rajput (Hindu) family. Residence: Aden. and Carlton Club. 1888.W. A ruling chief .E. Bhaunagar. of Bombay . of Calicut. for his distinguished services both to the State of Bhaunagar and to the Indian Empire. MANDA. Bombay . . Rdjd of. and a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Residence: Bombay. Created a CLE. K. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1861. Sir. See Rampartab Singh. and a daughter. London. 1858. C. Kathiawar. and has issue a son. S. 1897. London. . named Murzban. 1897. Is a Member of Council of the National Indian Association and of other public bodies. Mirza. and was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.C. Was elected President of the Municipal Corporation of the City of Bombay in April 1890.C. on June 22. Mugasett.I. 1886. MANDAWAL. Central India. and a K..P.. Residence : Mandawal. married to Jehangir D. and was conferred on June 1. Rdwat of. b. M. The population of the State is about 2000.E. Fellow of the Bombay University .

MANDHATA. 1883. About that time the reigning Chief of Suket. named Sahu Sain. the latter left Suket to seek his fortunes elsewhere. A ruling chief . See Yashwant Singh. Nimar. After the expulsion of the Gurkhas by the British Power in 1815. 1846. The founder THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 177 of the family was the Thakur Chhatar Singh. MANDI. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family of the Chandravansi or Lunar race. 1895. until the year 1200 a. Succeeded to the gadi on the death of the late Thakur Moti Singh on May 13. Thdkur of. and was the first Raja of this State. Isri Sain was the Raja of Mandi . Central Provinces. Residence: Mandhata. b.d. MANDHATA. His Highness Raja Bije Sain Bahadur. Thakur Piar Singh. At the time of the Gurkha invasion in 1803. Ajbar Sain. founded the town of Mandi. he submitted to the invaders on condition of being left unmolested. Mandi came under the control of the Superintendent of the Hill . Rao of. and his descendant. b.MANDAYAM ANANTAMPILLAI SINGARACHARIYAR. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor January 26. whose successive Rajas ruled from the earliest ages over the combined States of Suket and Mandi. Rao Bahadur. Rdjd of. quarrelled with his younger brother . See Anantampillai . 1851.

The area of the State is 7 square miles. its population is about 140. 1890. Balbir Sain died in 1851. b. and Raja Balbir Sain in October of the same year received a sanad.000. and it suffered greatly from the turbulence of the Sikh army after the death of the Maharaja Ran jit Singh in 1839. the British Government consented to intervene. and was succeeded by his son. . about the time of the first Sikh war. Rana Jitsinghji. invaded the State. 'Residence: Mandva. Punjab. Mandi with the whole of the Jalandhar Doab was ceded to the British Government . and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. Residence: Mandi. 1877. Rewa Kantha. The Raja Bahadur maintains a military force of 25 cavalry. but including more than 2000 Muham- madans. Rand of A ruling chief . But at last. but of these only about ten now exist in any preservation — the most famous being the hill-fort of Kamlagarh mentioned above. the Sikh commander. By the treaty of March 1846 with the Sikhs. and the Raja in vain besought the aid of the British. confirming him in his possessions under conditions of feudal service. then a minor. and 10 guns . Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Bombay. General Ventura. MANDVA. 1600 infantry. chiefly Hindus. The area of the State is 1125 square miles . Succeeded to the gadi as a minor September 13. In February 1846 the Rdjd Balbir Sain formally tendered his allegiance. According to the traditions of the country there were at one time no fewer than 300 fortresses in this State .States appointed by the Sikh Government of Lahore. the present Raja. and reduced the celebrated fort of Kamlagarh.

The title was conferred on January 3. Rand of. Residence : Bombay. and has a son and heir. The founder of this branch of the family was Ratan Singh. Received the title January 1. when the present Raja succeeded to it as a minor. b. 1893. Kheri. Rao Bahadur. Residence: Poona. Bombay.MANEKCHAND KAPURCHAND. About the year 1580 a. Raikwar. MANEKJI KAVASJI D0TIVALA. 1850. Rana Jit Singh. Received the title on June 3. The title was conferred on January 1. b. descended from the Raikwars of Baundi (see Sarabjit Singh. Residence : Bombay. Rai Bahadur. the family acquired considerable possessions in the Sitapur district. Khan Sahcb. Belongs to a Raikwar family. Raja Maneshwar Bakhsh Singh. Residence : Mallanpur. 1899.d. Residence: Madras. Oudh. MANESHWAR BAKHSH SINGH (of Mallanpur). Received the title on June 3. 1830. Succeeded . A ruling chief . was educated at Benares and Lucknow under the Court of Wards. Residence : Bombay. 1899. The title of the family having been originally Rao. Kunwar Debi Bakhsh Singh. MANEKJI KHARSIDJI NARIMAN. MANEKJI JAMSETJI CHANDANA. Khan Bahadur. by whom his estates were managed for many years. Rdjd. and subsequently extended their territory into the districts of Kheri and Bahraich. Raja). MANEPANDA MTJTANNAH. 1889. Khan Bahadur. 1899. He is an Honorary Magistrate. that of Raja was recognized as hereditary in 1864. MANGAL KHAN.

Residence : Ludhiana.v .to the gadi as a minor November 9. by the British Power. MANGAL SAIN. See Ahmad Nur Khan. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) 178 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA family. The title was conferred on January 1. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The sanad of the latter is dated December 20.) . The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred on January 1. Raja Bahadur. 1877. as a personal distinction. (of Bhinai). but after the expulsion of the Gurkhas. The Rana maintains a military force of 25 men. Residence: Ajmir. Residence : Mangal. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The Rand has a son and heir. Rai Bahadur. which is one of the Simla Hill States. Khan Bahadur. The area of the State. 1844. The State was anciently a feudatory of Kahlur (q. The title was conferred on January 1. The . Punjab. 1815. MANGAL SINGH. Rai Bahadur. CLE. Babu. Punjab. Simla Hills. CLE. MANGAL SINGH.. MANGAL KHAN. named Tilok Singh. the latter declared Mangal to be dependent only on the British Government. its population is 1060. chiefly Hindus. 1877. Thakur (of GarM). 1896. who had overrun it from 1803 to 1815. is 13 square miles. alias AHMAD NUR KHAN.

1853. The title of Diwan Bahadur was conferred. North-Western Provinces. Bombay. His Excellency. Residence: Azimganj. on January 1. Belongs to a Vadnagra Nagar Brahman family of Nariad in Gujarat. Rao Saheb. 1844. MANI LAL BANERJI. MANIBHAI JASBHAI. Received the title on May 21. Rai Bahadur. Rajputana. as a personal distinction. 1899. Residence: Belgaum. Bengal. See Chhatar Sal. Received the title November 22. Residence : Alwar.I. b. to His Highness the Rao of Kutch. Thakur.Thakur was created a C. on May 25. The title was conferred. 1897. The title was conferred on June 22. MANGALGARH . and in other States of Western India. Residence: Mathura. b. Thakur of. 1897. MANGESH ANAJI. Murshidabad. His Excellency has rendered valuable service to His Highness the Gaekwar. on October 30. MANI LAL NAHAR. 1898. Diwan Bahadur. as a personal distinction. Rai Bahadur. MANGI LAL. Residence : Calcutta. and becoming Chief . Residence: Belgaum. 1884. Bombay. 1895. In 1870 he was invited by His Highness the Nawab of Junagadh to a seat in his Council . The title was conferred on May 21. Prime Minister of Baroda. MANGESH ANNAJI.E. September 30. Rai Bahadur. 1898. Rao Saheb . Seth.

and on again returning to Baroda. and he has also published some important works in Gujarati and English. In May 1876 Mr. Manibhai was appointed Diwan of Kutch. at the express desire of his late Highness the Maharaja Pragmalji. Residence : Petlad. Baroda State. 1875. the title of Rao Bahadur was conferred on him. and Hirabhai. and then at Baroda. With a short interval. THE GOLDEN BOOK Ofl INDIA . then Rao of Kutch. and his tact and judgment largely contributed to the settlement of a long-standing dispute as to jurisdiction between the Rao and his feudatories of the Royal House. In Baroda his administration has been thoroughly successful. he administered the government of Kutch until the close of 1885. the Bhayad. together with a valuable khilat. especially in the collection of the revenue. first at Palanpur. Between 1872 and 1876 he rendered admirable service as native assistant to the Resident. aged about twenty-nine. and on September 25. he introduced important reforms in the Judicial and Police Department. For more than four years. and in May 1890 the Maharaja Gaekwar appointed him Diwan or Prime Minister of that great State. three daughters and two sons — Motibhai (of the University of Bombay). In 1884 he obtained the title of Diwan Bahadur. he was at the head of various departments in Baroda. and in education and sanitation . Here he introduced great and most beneficial reforms in all departments. during which he returned to the Baroda Service. at a public Darbar held at Baroda. with a valuable khilat.Justice of that State. aged about twenty. he received very substantial recognition of the value of his services from His Highness the present Rao of Kutch. He has issue.

the State was overrun by the Burmese. the Raja was compelled to seek British aid. Rdjd of. MANIPUR. as it was attended by the massacre of a considerable British force. who obtained the Raj about the beginning of the 18th century. See Manekji. His adopted son (formerly named Pamheiba) was the Raja Gharib Nawaz. Again in 1824. and in 1890 the Government of India resolved to put an end to them. restored to Burma in 1834. in the reign of the Raja Gambhir Singh. 1891. The first attempt to intervene was disastrous. Belongs to a Kshdtriya (Hindu) family. Raja Chura Chand. who made several successful invasions of Burma. In the time of his grandson. descended from Raja Churai Romba. the Raja Jai Singh {alias Ching Tung Romba). 1886. Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi September 18. See Niephrodsyne. but the latter were at length expelled by the aid of British levies. and when peace was concluded in 1826 Gambhir Singh was able to extend his boundaries by the inclusion of the Kubo valley.179 MANIKCHARI. and a treaty was concluded in 1762. including some high officers of State. A ruling chief . the Burmese invaded Manipur . Khan Bahadur. MANIKJI KAWASJI DOTIVALA. In that year the Raja Gambhir Singh died. These disorders at length became unendurable. The latter territory was. and the State subsequently has suffered much from internal dissensions and frequent changes of rulers. The outrage was immediately . b. however.

1868. and all those who were responsible for the massacre were either hanged or otherwise rigorously dealt with. Granted the title for meritorious services on January 1. 1839. Residence: Calcutta. Sarddr Diwan Singh. The State had technically lapsed. b. The State has an area of about 8000 square miles. MAN0HAR SINGH (of Pathrala). on account of the rebellion. MANNU LAL. Residence: Manipur. b. and a population estimated at about 220. Residence: Delhi. Lala. and the next in dignity to him is called the Sendpati (sometimes spelt " Senaputty "). but including about 4881 Muhammadans. Received the title on January 1. Sarddr.288 belonging to various Hill tribes. chiefly Hindus.000. 1836. Rao Saheb of.followed by condign punishment. The title is hereditary. Rai Bahadur . and were punished accordingly. MANTWARA. See Dharup Singh . see also Sarup Singh. 1897. and thereupon the present Raja was placed on the gadi. Assam. and 85. 1897. but it was resolved to select a youthful Raja from among the descendants of the ruling family. On the deposition of the late Raja — who had enjoyed the title of Maharaja as a personal distinction — these persons were found to have been implicated in the recent outrages. b. MANMATHA NATH MITRA. Rai Bahadur. and to continue the political existence of Manipur as a feudatory State. grand- . In this State the Prince next in succession to the gadi has the courtesy title of Yuvardj or Jubardj.

and son of Sarddr Sohel Singh. 746 to 942 a. One of the sons of Sardar Diwan Singh was the late Sarddr Fateh Singh.d. he deprived the family of much of their possessions. When the Maharaja Ranjit Singh conquered the Jalandhar Doab. The area of the State is 73 square miles. Rao Saheb. Rawal Shri Takntsinghji. . its population is 13. 1877. Mdhi Kantha.. Belongs to a Chaura Rajput (Hiudu) family. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor May 18. The late Rdwal of Mansa. and was conferred on January 14. was fourteenth in descent from Sursinghji. Rdwal of. a scion of the ancient Chaura Rdjput dynasty that reigned at Anhilwdra Patan. Residence: Sehwan. Residence : Pathrdla. 1888.father of the present Sardar. His brotherin-law. chiefly Hindus. Sind. 180 THE GOLDEN BOOK OP INDIA MANSHARAM walad WATANMAL. conquered^ certain territory in the Jalandhar district. Rdwal Sursinghji.d. about the year 1759 a. Sarddr Baghel Singh.299. was also a celebrated Sikh leader of those days. b. father of the present Sarddr. Punjab. The title is personal. Rdjsinghji Bhimsinghji. 1889. Residence: Mdnsa. whose founder. Sarddr Manohar Singh has two sons — Sarddr Sundar Singh and Sarddr Dasaundha Singh. Bombay. Jdlandhar. appears to have obtained an assignment of territory at Mansa on the downfall of the Anhilwdra Patan dynasty. MANSA. A ruling chief.

who had saved his (the Raja's) life from the Raja of Tehri. Belongs to the same family as that of the Thakur Gaya Parshad of Sagar. its population is 1104. Seim of. MARDAN SINGH (of Pindarna) . Khasi Hills. The Seim is Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. Residence: Maosanrani. 1890. Residence : Bombay. See Sultan Singh. under the Chief Commissioner . b. b. MAOIONG. Rai Bahadur. b. A ruling chief . Residence: Pindarna. 1842. The Seim is Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. Ami of. 1863. Sam Burai. The title was conferred on May 21. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor March 28. Seim of. 1888. MANUJI RAGHUJI.MANSUKH RAI. The title is hereditary. under the Chief Commissioner of Assam . 1877. 1867. Residence : Berar. Sagar. Residence : Maoiong. consisting chiefly of Khasis and Christian converts. The Seim is Chief of one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. Succeeded to the gadi August 27. 1899. A ruling chief . Burom. Rao of. MARH PIPARIA. its population is 1646. Khasi Hills. Assam. Central Provinces. Received the title on June 3. Assam. having been originally granted by the Raja Mardan Singh of Garha-Mandha to an ancestor of this family named the Rawat Parshad. 1898. Succeeded to the gadi May 5. b. consisting chiefly of Khasis and Christian converts. Jit Singh. Thdkur. Rao Saheb. under the Chief Commissioner of Assam . A ruling chief. MAOSANRAM. MARIAO. 1854.

Khasi Hills. Rai Bahadur. MAROTIRAO BHUJANGRAO. MARWAR. The title was conferred on January 1. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. its popidation is 3669. Residence: Ahmadnagar. MASUDA. MASUKHRAM MULJI. CLE. MARZBAN. Assam. Residence : Masuda. Bengal. Residence: Ahmedabad.. The title of Rao Saheb was conferred on January 1. MASUD All MIRZA BAHADUR. Tluikur of. Residence: Calcutta. 1877. The title is . Residence : Mariao. See Jodhpur. and bears the title as the courtesy title of his high rank. and was conferred on February 16. The title was conferred on May 30. The Prince is the twelfth son of the late King of Oudh. MAT A DIN.of Assam . 1893. 1891. CLE. 1891. Rao Bahadur. Raj pu tana. consisting chiefly of Khasis and Christian converts. See Mancherji. Bombay. The title is personal. Rao Bahadur. Ajmir. His Highness the Maharaja of. MARTAND WAMAN SHOTRYA. Mancherji Kawasji. Prince. Residence : Baroda. Rao Baliddur. Bombay. June 3. Rao Saheb Singh Saheb. 1887. The Thdkur was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Bombay.

its population is about 2630. Central India. Belongs to a Bhilala family. Madras. Rao Bahadur. Rao Saheb. Residence: Patna. 1890. The title was conferred on January 1. 1S95. Bengal. 1899. chiefly THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 181 Hindus. A ruling chief . Rana Ranjit Singh. Granted the title May 25. Rai Saheb. Rai Saheb. See Purandhar Singh. Residence : Mathwdr. Residence: Allahabad. Residence : Military Works Department. MATHUSAMI ATYAR NATARAJAIYAR. and was for some time Subordinate Judge of Muzaffarpur. MATANPUR (Belkhera).personal. The Rai Bahadur has rendered long and meritorious services to Government in the Judicial Department. 1861. Thdkur of. See Dada. Is District Registrar. MATHURA MOHAN MUKHARJI. and was conferred on January 1. Simla. Dada. . The area of the State is about 140 square miles . North-Western Provinces. MATH0JI SHELKE. Bhopdwar. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1865. 1892. b. Rand of. MATHWAR. Residence: Tanjore. Tanjore. Received the title on January 2. MATHTJRA DAS.

the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). Burma. The title of Kai was conferred on February 16. The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. Khan Bahadur. Punjab. The title was conferred on June 3. MAULA VI. Residence : Khorasan. Shan States. Burma. and that of B. but with some Yins. See Maulavi. MAYA DAS. but with some Yins. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty . 1887. MAYARAM SHAMBHUNATH. MAUNG MAN. Residence: Firozpur. Sawbwa of A ruling chief. MATING. Shan States. Salmi. 1894. Myoza of. which has an area of about 2500 square miles. Punjab. MAULA BAKHSH. 1893. — A prefix (Muhammadan). A ruling chief. Residence : Shikarpur. 1899. Received the title on June 3. Mir. Kun Wa.MATJKME. and a population consisting almost entirely of Shans. Rai Bahadur. Residence : Rawal Pindi. Residence : Maung Man.— A (Burmese) prefix. The title is hereditary. and a population consisting almost entirely of Shans. The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier.ai Bahadur on May 26. which has an area of 25 square miles. Lala. MAYA DAS. Sind. Munshi. Rai Saheh. Residence : Maukme. MAULVI. MAULADAD KHAN walad WALIDAD KHAN. Rao Saheb. Kim Hmon. The title was conferred on .

Madras. The Mian received the title of Khan Bahadur on May 26. The Babu received the title of Rai Bahadur on June 3. Babn. for services rendered to Government during the Bhutan war. MEDAM STJBBANNA CHETTIAR. Bengal. 1878. Fateh Nawdz Jang Bahddur. MEDINI PARSHAD. Residence : Hyderabad. 1899. Is Councillor of Karnul. Rao Bahadur. Naicdb Bahddur. Residence : Karnul. Residence: Surat. Khan Bahadur. alias MEGHRAJ OSWAL (of Murshidabad. MEHDI ALI KHAN. Murshidabad.June 28. MEGHRAJ KOTHARI. Bengal). Residence : Kurwai. The Nawdb was formerly Secretary to the Government of His Highness the Nizam of the Deccan. and received the high acknowledgments both of His Highness the Nizdm and of the British Government. 1867. Deccan. Mian. Rai Bahadur. MEHDI All. 1893. and was conferred on October 8. Residence : Monghyr. in whose service also he has visited Europe. the Nawdb Baha- . For distinguished services to that Government His Highness was pleased to confer on him the title of Nawdb Mohsin-ulMulk. with his colleague the Nawdb Mehdi Hasan. Nawdb Mohsin-ul-Mulk. Residences : Goalpara. Bombay. Rai Bahddur. The Nawdb has occupied some of the most responsible posts in the State of Hyderabad. 1894. MAZHAR All KHAN. Assam . The title is personal. Received the title on January 2. Madras. and Azamganj. Central India. The title is personal.

who was the grandson of a daughter of Saddat Khdn. The title is hereditary. or Narwal as it was then called. who visited Hasanpur. his name being changed to Tdtar Khdn . Residence: Oudh. and Partdb Bahddur Singh. MEHDI ALI KHAN. from which his sons adopted the name of Khanza- 182 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA das. For an account of the Hindu branch of this clan. Tilok Chand. Sher Shah delegated to Hasan Khan the power of conferring the title of Raja on whom he pleased within the limits . Muhammad (of Hasanpur). Rai of Adharganj. with the name he received the title of Khdn Bahddur or Khdn-i-Azam. fell a prisoner into the Emperor Bdbar's hands. Rdjd. according to tradition. The Nawdb Bahddur is an Honorary Magistrate in Oudh. great-grandson of Bariar Singh. Rdjd of Kurwdr.dur being the son of Nawdb Jafar Ali Khdn. The most famous of his descendants is his grandson. the founder of the village of Hasanpur and the favourite courtier of King Sher Shah. and to regain his liberty adopted the Musalmdn faith. Hasan Khan. son of Jai Chand. Jura Rae. had three sons. King of Oudh. the Rdjd being the head of the Musalmdn branch of the great Bachgoti clan. Burhdn-ulMulk. and one of the most important Chiefs in Southern Oudh. see the articles on Madho Parshad Singh. of whom Pirthipat Singh founded the Kurwar branch and Jai Chand was the ancestor of the great Hasanpur branch.

Hasan Khan died at Hasanpur and was buried in the family mausoleum to the west of that town. who took an active part against the English during the Mutiny : he commanded the infantry of the rebel army at the battle of Sultanpur (March 22. they took up his turban. by whom he was killed in battle. being succeeded by his brother. Under the terms of the general amnesty he was maintained in possession of his estates on the reoccupation of Oudh. and rashly opposed the Nawdb (Saf dar Jang). He was an . Khairat Ali. and stealing into Zabardast Khan's fort at night found him sleeping alone. He collected allies and a large army to settle with the Chief of Rewa a question of precedence. Hyat Khan of Maniarpur. He was succeeded ten years later by his son. Zabardast Khan. Raja Muhammad Ali succeeded his father. His grandson continued the feud and seized from the Maniarpur family the Kanait estate. comprising twelve villages. is noted for his feud with his half-brother. sword and slippers. Roshan Ali Khan succeeded his father. Ismail Khan. Khairat Ali. This incident led to a reconciliation and the recognition by Zabardast Khan of the separate Maniarpur estate. in 1869. The sons of Hyat Khan determined to avenge their father's death. when Ashraf Ali obtained possession of them. but the latter shirked the conflict and failed to appear at the rendezvous. whom he eventually killed. and left their own instead to show how far he had been in their power. The estates were held in direct management until 1809. 1858).of Banouhda: no assumption of a taluqa in Eastern Oudh was complete without investiture by homage to him. the names of which he changed to Shahpur. and died in November 1860. Husain Ali. fourth in descent from Hasan Khan. in which his son was killed. Instead of killing him.

Residence : Sultanpur. For distinguished services to that Government His Highness was pleased to confer on him the title of Nawdb Fateh Nawaz Jang Bahadur. The title is personal. Nawdb Bahadur. MEHDI HASAN KHAN. The Nawab is well known as a powerful writer in the Times and other organs of public opinion. Residence : Sultanpur. the Nawab Bahadur being the son of Ikhtiar-uddaula. The title is personal. MEHDI HUSAIN KHAN. MEHDI HASAN KHAN. Residence : Hyderabad. King of Oudh. with his colleague the Nawab Mehdi Ali Mohsin-ul-Mulk. Deccan. and received the high acknowledgments both of His Highness the Nizam and of the British Government. MEHDI HASAN. having been promoted to that office from the high and responsible post of Chief Justice of Hyderabad. the Nawab Bahadur having married the daughter of a daughter of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. The . Nawdb Bahadur. Oudh. The Nawab Bahadur is the son of Mirza Wala Jah Bahadur. The Nawab Bahadur is the son of Mirza Ali Jah Bahadur. grandson of Saddat Ali Khan.Honorary Magistrate pf the third class. Oudh. The Nawab Bahadur was formerly Home Secretary to the Government of His Highness the Nizam of the Deccan. He was succeeded by the present Rdjd in 1896. King of Oudh. Nawdb Fateh Nawaz Jang Bahadur. Nawdb Bahadur. Mirza. and in the service of the State of Hyderabad he visited Europe. and holds this courtesy title as a descendant of one of the Kings of Oudh.

with his son Sardar Gurdit Singh (father of the present Sardar). came long ago from Bhatneo. Burhan-ul-Mulk. MEHR NAJAF KHAN. Muhammad. See Muhammad Najaf Khdn. the Sarddr being the head of a Kohlj THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 183 Kshatriya family. Mitha Tiwana. rendered excellent service to the Government . MEHR SINGH. they joined Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edwardes. Chhachi. A descendant of Sardar Tehil Singh. whose ancestor. Residence : Sultanpur. Sardar Tehil Singh. Received the title of Khan Saheb on May 21. and elsewhere . King of Oudh. settled at Salargarh in Chhach in the Rawal Pindi district of the Punjab. and served under him to the end of the war. named Sardar Jiwan Singh. and for eight years was stationed at Dera Ismail Khan. Bombay. 1857. 1898 . 1899. MEHER HOSHANG DASTUR. entered the service of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore .Mirza "Wala Jah Bahadur's grandfather was the grandson of the son of one of the daughters of Saadat Khan. Khdn Bahadur. Mir. Tank. Oudh. and made considerable conquests. b. Sardar Jiwan Singh . and that of Khan Bahadur on June 3. The title is hereditary. served with credit at Bannu. Sarddr. Residence: Poona. During the rebellion of 1848 Sardar Jiwan Sing.

JVawdb. Subadar-Major (of Ludhiana). MEHTA PANNA LALJI. Punjab. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. See Phirozshah. Sind. Sardar. on January 1. MEHR-ULLA KHAN. Received the title of Raja as a personal distinction on May 21. CLE. Residence: Burma. MEHTA. Residence : Rajputana. and was conferred on May 24. 1888.died in 1852. Residence: Jhelum. Residence: Bombay. 1890. Rustamji Dhanjibhai. The title is personal. Khdn Bahadur. CLE. Rdjd. Residence: Thai. and was succeeded by his son Sardar Gurdit Singh. MEHRJIBHAI KUVARJI TARAPURWALA (of Kolhapur). Residence: Ganjam. Phirozshah Merwanji. and was conferred on January 1. He was succeeded by his eldest son. MEHRAN KHAN. CLE. Saheb ( of Kallikota and Attagada). 1898. . MEHRBAN-I-DOSTAN SRI HARI HARA MARDARAJA DEVU GARU. CLE. MEHTAB SINGH. Rai Bahadur. who again rendered admirable service to the Government during the Mutiny of 1857. 1889. The title of Nawab is personal. See Rustamji. The title was conferred on July 27. "Was created a CLE. May 24. 1896. Rai. MEHTA. 1887. Residence : Baluchistan. the present Sardar. Madras.

MIR SHAMS SHAH. 1864. b. Khdn Saheb. b. MIR DURRA KHAN. Lala. METHARAM HARI SINGH. 1899. Residence: Sind. 1891. MIHAR CHAND. Residence: Lahore. 1897. See Raushan. MIAN. 1847. The title was conferred on June 22. 1891. Received the title on January 1. MIR ROSHAN ALI ASAD AH. MEWAR. MIR NASIR ALI. Khdn Bahadur. The Talukdar maintains a military force of 22 infantry and 3 guns. See Udaipur. Bhai. Residence : Northern India Salt Department. The area of the State is 34 square miles. Rai Bahadur. Punjab. Jareja Madhavasinghji Mansinghji. Received the title on June 3. Bombay. Khdn Bahadur . MIR BANIYAD HASAN (of Kadirpnr). A ruling chief . Oudh. Rai Bahadur. 1898. Rao Saheb. Kathiawar. MIHAN SINGH. chiefly Hindus. 1861. The title was conferred on January 1. Tdlukddr of. its population is 3454.MENGNI. MIR. Khdn Saheb. See Durra. Residence : Amritsar. — Generally a prefix. Residence : Bara Banki. Succeeded to the gadi September 12.— A prefix. . Punjab. Received the title on May 21. Residence : Mengni. 1898. His Highness the Mahdrdnd of. Granted the title May 30. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Khdn Bahadur.

Residence : Kalat. 184 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA with the title of Sardar. The area of the State is 320 square miles . Southern Mahratta Country. MIRA BAKHSH. Khdn Bahadur. chiefly Hindus. and 7 guns. The title was conferred on May 20. of which two lapsed in 1842 and 1845 respectively. Indore. b. MIR WAZIR ALI. Baluchistan.732. Belongs to the Patwardhan (Brahman) family. but including 7473 Muhammadans. the present Chief of the senior branch was educated at the Rajkumar College. Of the two that remain as feudatory States.d. 1875. to whose ancestor. Bombay. 1866. its population is 69. Oudh. The Khdn Bahadur is an Honorary Magistrate of Lucknow . the grant of the Miraj State. was made by the Peshwa Madhava Eao in 1764 a. A ruling chief . Residence : Miraj. and ranks as a First-Class Sardar in the Southern Mahratta country. 1896. 494 infantry. . Govind Hari Patwardhan. Chief of. Khdn Saheb. The Chief maintains a military force of 51 cavalry. Residence : MIRAJ (Senior Branch). 1892. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor June 6. Residence: Lucknow. Gangadhar Rao Ganpat. and for his public services received the title as a personal distinction on May 25. In 1820 the State was divided into four shares. alias BALA SAHEB PATWARDHAN.

The family banner is known as bhagwajhenda. 1876. The area of the State is 207 square miles . Govind Hari Patwardhan. who was born in 1833. who was the grandson of Gangadhar Rao Govind. Sardar. alias ANNA SAHEB PATWARDHAN. and succeeded to the gadi February 5. Is the son of the late Harihar Rao Dada Saheb. 253 infantry. MIT SINGH (of Dhandwal). Of the two that remain as feudatory States. MIRZA.541. Residence : Miraj. the Sardar . granted the Miraj State with the title of Sardar. Calcutta. — Generally a prefix or affix. but including 1667 Muhammadans. Belongs to' the Patwardhan (Brahman) family. Lakshman Rao Harihar. The title is hereditary. In 1820 the State was divided into four shares. chiefly Hindus. the Peshwa Madhava Rao in 1764 a. Chief of . its population is 30. son of the above-mentioned Govind Hari Patwardhan. and the Chief is entitled to be attended by danka (kettledrums). MIRZA ASHRAF ALI. Southern Mahratta Country. and other marks of dignity. 1898. MISR. Residence : Presidency College. and 5 guns. the present Chief of the junior branch is the grandson of the late Lakshman Rao Anna Saheb. founder of the State.— A prefix. of which two lapsed in 1842 and 1845 respectively. Shamsul-Ulama.MIRAJ (Junior Branch). Maulavi. A ruling chief. to whose ancestor. The title was conferred on January 1. Bombay.d. and is an ensign of a red colour . pdlki (State palanquin). lagi (flags). The Chief maintains a military force of 25 cavalry.

and of his eminent services on the local and . 1887. Sah. Dacca . MOHAN LAL.being descended from a Jat leader. which has an area of about 1000 square miles. Punjab. MITRA. Abhai Charan. 1839. Received the title on January 1. May 12. 1853. MITTAR. Sardar Man Singh. Kun Yan. The Rai Bahadur is a descendant of the Mittar (Mitra or Mitter) family of Charimandel in Vikrampur. Has done good service in the various Lushai expeditions. See Surendra. 1897. who conquered the territory of Dhandwal.D. Rai Bahadur. b. MOHAN LAL. Residence: Mobye. about the year 1759 A. MITRA.Western Provinces. in recognition of his loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857. and a population consisting almost entirely of Shans.. A. Rai Bahadur. Rai Bahadur. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Rai Saheb . Central Provinces. March 31. Residence : Jalandhar. See Muhammadgarh. M0HAMEDGARH. 1897. Sawbwa of. 1841 . b. The title was conferred on February 16. 1891. Rai Bahadur. and was rewarded with the title on January 1. Rai Bahadur . MOB YE. Residence: Bareilly. Burma. MOHAN LAL. See Ashutosh. Residence : Jabalpur. Surendra Nath.rpur. The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States on the Burma frontier. in the district of Hoshi&amp. North . The title was conferred on January 1. Shan States. b. A ruling chief. Residence: Chittagong Hill Tract.

Succeeded his father. 1894. Thakur Eimmatsinghji. 1882. See Khalak Singh. Central Provinces. Seth (of Renda). MOHARBHANJ. 1896. He belongs to an important Brahman family long settled in the district of Agra. Residence : Agra. succeeded to the gadi in 1875.d. Raja Sriram Chandra Bhanj Deo. MOHAN SINGH (of Mohli). The title is hereditary. and pays Tcichri to Idar. Jaspal. Thirteen generations later Thakur Prithwi Raj moved to Ghorwaro. Belongs to a Puar Rajput (Hindu) family. was born in 1854. Edjd of. b. Bombay. moved from Chandrawati to Harol in Mahi Kantha in 1226 a.677. the late Thdkur Hamir Singh. its population is 14. Mahi Kantha. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor October 6. The area of the State is 560 square miles . A ruling chief. the founder of this branch of the family.District Boards. Umedsinghji Daulatsinghji. Residence: Sagar. Thdkur.Western Provinces. 1876. Residence : Mohanpur. Rai Saheb. and died in 1882. North. The late Thakur. . Central Provinces. Thdkur of. It is tributary to Baroda. MOHAN LAL. Residence: Sagar. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 185 MOHANPUB. A ruling chief. The title was conferred on May 20. chiefly Hindus. claiming descent from the ancient Eaos of Chandrawati near Mount Abu in Rajpatana.

which is Moharbhanj proper. Thirty-nine generations of Rajas intervened between Adhi Bhanj and the late Raja. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor May 29. . and the family cognizance is the sacred peacock with tail spread. Bengal. The Raja maintains a military force of 512 infantry and 11 guns. on January 1. as a personal distinction.b. and Adhi Bhanj retained the country between the Subarnarekha and Baitarani rivers. The eldest son and heir-apparent of the Raja in this State is entitled to the courtesy title of " Tikait Babu".737i nearly equally divided between Hindus and aboriginal tribesmen. and gradually to have established his authority over the country between the Subarnarekha river and the borders of Dhenkanal. and a connection of the then Raja of Jaipur. MOHENDRA. the Raja Jadunath Bhanj Deo. is 4243 square miles . See Mahendra. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India — as also his grandfather. The area of the State. Subsequently a member of the Moharbhanj family named Joti Bhanj established himself in the southern part of this territory as Raja of Keunjhar. Adhi Bhanj is believed to have come from Ra jputana into Orissa about 2000 years ago. its population is 385. Orissa. Residence: Moharbhanj. 1872. claiming descent from Adhi Bhanj. 1882. Krishna Chandra Bhanj Deo. which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. Belongs to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. had many years before been granted the same personal distinction for his services in queUing a rebellion in the Kolhan. 1877. who was granted the title of Maharaja. said to have been a Kachhwaha Rajput.

MOHSIN ALI KHAN walad TURAB ALI KHAN. the honour of K. Rai Bahadur. the Nawab. Succeeded recently to the chiefship as a minor. MONE. Sawbwa of. The Sawbwa is Chief of one of the Shan States. for some years Prime Minister of His Highness the Nizam. MOMEIK. {Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. See Khalak Singh. and during his minority the State is administered by the Chief Commissioner of Burma. Burma. The Sawbwa has received from the Viceroy. K. Is the head of one branch of the great Shamsiya family.M. for the good . Is the son and heir of the late Nawab Bahadur His Excellency Sir Asman Jah. A ruling chief . Deccan. 1883. Residence: Hyderabad. Kun Kyi. See Man Singh. M0KAL.MOHINI MOHAN BARDHAN.S. The area of the State is about 2100 square miles. b. Residence : Hyderabad. and see also Khurshid Jah). The title of Mir has been continued for life.M. Shan States. its population consists almost entirely of Shans. Kun Maung. The title was conferred on June 22. Residence : Momeik. Sind. 1890. MOIN-UD-DIN KHAN BAHADUR.. see also Mohan Singh. meaning "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour"). Sahebzddd. Thdkur of. Mir. Sawbwa of A ruling chief. MOHLI. on the Burma frontier. Residence: Tippera. the Mir representing one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation. the Premier Nobles of Hyderabad {see Yikar-ul-Umra . b. Sarddr of. 1897.S. Bengal. as representing Her Majesty the Empress.

Khan Saheb. Residence : Bombay. The late Rao Saheb Kishan Bao was born in 1824. The family also held the title of Subadar under the Mahrattas. 1892. Received the title on June 3. Rao Saheb. The title was conferred on January 1. MORADABAD. Rao Saheb. See Niephrodsyne. MORAR RAO KSHIRSAGAR. MORESHWAR RAO. has an area of about 300Q 186 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA square miles. MOOS. who was the Prime Minister of the old Mahratta Government of Sagar. which.S. Burmah. Residence : Mone. A. Residence: Bombay. and was an Honorary Magistrate. 1899. Raja Bahadur of. the Rao Saheb being the descendant and representative of Rao Vinayek Rao. He died . See Jaikishan. ultimately rose to be Prime Minister.. MONEY. He had originally come from the Deccan. See Mani. MONG RAJA. and having been appointed a Mamlatdar by the Mahratta Government. The title is hereditary. and a population consisting almost entirely of Shans. Shan States.services rendered by him to the Imperial officers. with its feudatory Kyaing Ton. and his good administration. He is the Chief of one of the most important of the Shan States of Burma.

Bombay. Rao Bahadur. A ruling chief . and was conferred on May 24. that has also given ruling Houses to Kutch. MORO GOPAL PANDHARI. and a population of 89. 1883. G..I. and was succeeded by his son. Thdkur of. 1870. Bombay. and administers the affairs of his State in person. and other States . but including 11. has an area of 821 miles . The title is personal. 1882. The title is personal. MORWARA. His Highness. He was educated at the Rajkumar College. Kathiawar. who was created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on July 31. Rao Saheb. Residence : Poona. Rao Bahadur.recently.E. See Tharad and .942 Muhammadans. His Highness Thakur Saheb Sir Waghji Ravaji. which is tri- butary to Baroda and Junagarh. in Kutch.C. Residence: Ahmadnagar. 1888. Residence: Sagar. 1155 infantry. April 17. MORVI. chiefly Hindus. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. MORO KRISHNA DABHOLKAR. 1858. Thdkur Saheb of. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor February 17. The State. and was conferred on May 24. and 7 guns. Nawanagar. Malia. Central Provinces. Belongs to the illustrious Jareja Rajput (Hindu) family. The title is personal. the present Rao Saheb. Residence : Bombay. maintains a military force of 121 cavalry. which possesses a port named Jangi.964. Bombay. and was conferred on January 2. MOROBA KESHRI NATH SENJIT. the Thakur Saheb of Morvi is also Jagirdar of Amerdi. 1897. has visited Europe. b. Residence: Morvi.

Bhumia of. Bombay. Residence : Akyab. 1887. MUAZZIM HUSAIN. b. Bhopawar. Residence: Barisal. The State has a population of 595. Rao Bahadur. Khdn Bahadur. on January 2. A ruling chief. December 1. The population of the State is about 4000. 1848. but according to some accounts are the descendants of intermarriages between Rajputs (Hindu) and Bhils (aboriginal). "ULAVTHQ^Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Succeeded to the gadi on the death of his father. and means "Recipient of the Medal for Good Service. after the name. the late Thdkur Hiraji.Morwara. MRA U. Thdkur of. MOTIRAM RAJARAM VAKIL. MOTA KOTHARNA. Central India. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Sayyid.M. It is indicated by the letters A. The Thakur claims to be descended from the great Chauhan clan of Rajputs. as a personal distinction. Residence: Mota Barkhera. 1864. . Residence: Surat. Burma." The Maung is Extra Assistant Commissioner and Akunwan of Akyab. 1835. Belongs to a Bhilala family. Thaknr Parbatsinghji. Residence : Mota Kotharna. 1893. Bengal. MOTA BARKHERA. chiefly Hindus. Mahi Kantha.T. The title was conferred on February 16. November 6. Bhnmia Bharat Singh. The title was conferred. b. the Bhilalas are generally accounted aboriginal. Burma. as a personal distinction. The title was conferred on May 25. Bombay. A ruling chief . 1895.

Chief of. said to have been a son of the Maharana of Udaipur. The title is I hereditary. Rdjd.E. which. The second family name of Ghorpare is said to have been given because one its ancestors managed to scale a fort previously deemed impregnable. Belongs to the Bhonsle-Ghorpare family. MUDALIYAR. The family is also said to have a common ancestor with Sivaji the Great. The family banner is called the " Bahuta. claims descent from Chob Rao. Savalai Ramaswami. the founder of the Mahratta Empire.MUBARAK KHAN walad GHULAM SHAH KHAN. Residence : Hyderabad. MUDHOL. who came to the Deccan in very early times. 1861. See Ramaswaini. and green. . by attaching a cord to the body of a ghorpad or iguana. C. black. Knight. though Mahratta.. the Mir being the repre- THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 187 sentative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). Sind. and obtained from the King of Bijapur the territory of Mudhol with the title of Raja. Sir S." and is a triangular flag or ensign of three colours — white. A ruling chief . Mir. b. Vyankat Rao Balwant Rao Raje Ghorpare. and thereby drawing himself up. alias BALA SAHEB. 1862. April 9. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor March 27.I.

became a feudatory of the British Power. His State has an area of 362 square miles. Nawab Bahadur. Southern Mahratta Country. and a population of 52. Shams-ul-Ulama. Yyankat Rao I. the grandfather of the present Chief. Residence: Peshawar. Residence: Mudhol. but ultimately took military service under the Peshwas. . Balwant Rao. the present Chief. MUHAMMAD ABBAS. and was succeeded by his son. 387 infantry. The Nawab Bahadur enjoys it as the husband of a grand-daughter of the late Saadat Ali Khan. MIrza. Bombay.163. and 1 gun. chiefly Hindus. The title is personal. 1887.. Residence : Oudh. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. He holds the rank of a First Class Sardar of the Southern Mahratta Country. 1896." MUHAMMAD ABBAS. King of Oudh. The title is personal. MUHAMMAD. He died in 1854. Klidn Bahadur. and was conferred on February 16. and was succeeded by his son. See under the name that follows it. Punjab. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. A very general prenomen among Muhammadans. but including 3710Muhammadans. Mufti Mir. The title was conferred on May 20.The Chiefs of Mudhol fought against Sivaji. The Chief maintains a military force of 20 cavalry. who died in 1862. He is the son of the Nawab Sharikud-daula. for eminence in oriental learning. when there is no entry under " Muhammad. Residence : Bengal. MUHABBAT KHAN (of Torn).

1876. b. as twentyfourth son of the late King of Oudh. Majid-ud-dauld Mumtdz-ul-Mulk Ba- . See Abdul (Abdur) Rahim. See Abdul. The title is personal. CLE. MUHAMMAD ABDUR RAHMAN. MUHAMMAD ABDUL BARI. Shams-ul-Ulama. halfbrother of his late Highness Azim Jah. 1899. 1858. The title is personal. Residence: Madras. Khan Bahadur. 1898. Bengal. Created a CLE. Residence : Madras. half-brother of his late Highness Azim Jah.MUHAMMAD ABBAS HUSALN KASRA BAKHT MIRZA BAHADUR. Punjab. and is the courtesy title of the Prince. Isakhel. MUHAMMAD ABDULLA KHAN BAHADUR. MUHAMMAD ABDUL All. Khan Bahadur. and was conferred on March 30. Khan Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. the Khan Bahadur being a grandson of Rashid-ud-daula. See Abdur Rahman. Residence: Calcutta. Prince. MUHAMMAD ABDUL WAHAB SAHEB. 1858. Khan Bahadur. Maulavi. b. on January 1. Residence: Madras. the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. Residence : Bannu. MUHAMMAD ABDUL JALIL. and was conferred on March 30. the Khan Bahadur being a son of Rashid-ud-daula. 1876. the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. Received the title on January 1. The title is personal. MUHAMMAD ABU TALIB KHAN. MUHAMMAD ABDUL (ABDUR) RAHIM. See also Abbas.

Rustam Jang. Has married the grand-daughter of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. Punjab.. Nawdb. MUHAMMAD AFZAL KHAN. May 24. and was conferred on October 8.I. Khdn Saheb. See Afzal. The Nawdb had received the title of Khan Bahadur on August 3. Residence : Peshawar. Nawdb Bahadur. MUHAMMAD AHMAD ALI. Nawdb. Residence: Oudh. and has been recognized by Government. it was originally conferred in 1838 by the late Muhammad Ali Shah. and is the son of the Nawdb Hashmatud-daula. The title is personal.S. MUHAMMAD AFZAL KHAN. Received the title . MUHAMMAD AHFAZ-UR-RAHIM. Sardar. See Ahfaz. 1874. Sarddr Bahadur. the Nawdb Bahadur being the son of Mirza Jalil-us-Shan. 1881. MUHAMMAD AKBAE KHAN.188 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA hddur. King of Oudh. King of Oudh . Jogizai. Residence : Lucknow. Lieutenant-Colonel Wazirzada. and was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. The title is personal. 1886. The title is personal. C. Oudh. King of Oudh.

MUHAMMAD AKBAR KHAN. 1868. fighting on the side of the British Government. The Nawab Bahadur is Chief of Amb. was a loyal Chief. Jahandad Khan. Orakzai.I. Residence: Zhob. where he and his ancestors have long been independent. Punjab. on the right bank of the Indus. MUHAMMAD AKRAM HUSAIN AFSAR-UL-MULK MIRZA BAHADUR. . Residence: Gilgit. Belongs to a Pathan (Muhammadan) family .S. and was conferred on September 25. Sir. In recognition of these services he was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Nawdb Bahadur.C. 1897 . and rendered effective aid during the disturbances in Agror on the Hazara frontier. MUHAMMAD AKBAR KHAN (of Jamnm). 1881. son of Painde Khdn. Wazir-i-Wazarat.on June 22. The Khan Bahadur belongs to an Afghan family of the Orakzai clan. The title is personal. The Nawab Bahadur Sir Muhammad Akram Khan showed active and gallant conduct in the field. He also holds Western Tanawal. Khdn Bahadur. and was conferred on May 24. Baluchistan. in the Hazara district. See Akram. Prince. who rendered good service in the time of the Mutiny in 1857. MUHAMMAD AKRAM KHAN. and that of Khan Bahadur on January 1. from the British Government. Khdn Bahadur. Residence : Peshawar. and given the title of Nawab in 1868 . 1899. Received the title of Khan Saheb on June 22. K. (of Amb). and his father. 1897. The title is personal.

Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on June 22. Residence. in promotion from that of Khdn Saheb. MUHAMMAD ALI. Residence : Hyderabad. 1877. Granted the title of Khan Bahadur. MUHAMMAD ALI. Is Commandant of the Hyderabad Imperial Service Lancers. Khdn Bahadur. E. Deccan. Nawab Afsari-Jang. Sind. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . Nawdb. as a personal distinction. and been promoted to be a Knight Commander of the same Most Exalted Order.and subsequently he has received the higher title of Nawab Bahadur. T. The title is hereditary. Best' dence: Bangalore. the Mirza being a descendant of the Oudh family. and was conferred on January 1. Khdn Bahadur. 1893. Mysore. Major. MUHAMMAD All KHAN. Mirza.. Sehwan. C. Punjab. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. the Mirza Bahadur being a son of Rafi-us-Shan Mirza Muhammad Naki Ali Bahadur. Residence : Oudh. Bedar Bakht Bahadur. Residence : Hazara. The title is personal. 1897. MUHAMMAD ALI BEG. and grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. Afsar-ud-Daula.. third King of Oudh. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. January 2. MUHAMMAD ALI. Residence : Madras. Oudh.I. Residence : Lucknow. MUHAMMAD ALI. The title is personal. Mirza Bahadur. The title is personal.

1895. great-grandson of the Nawab Muhammad Nijabat Khan. was the father of the present Nawab. Punjab. who succeeded him. The Nawab Bahadur bears this courtesy title as the grandson of the late Amjad Ali Shah. MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN (of Kunjpura). in 1849.189 MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN. The Nawab Muhammad Rahmat Khan. and its Chief was invested with Magisterial power. and obtained from that Emperor the title of Nawab. and the second. Nawab. He aided the invader Nadir Shah. He came from Kandahar with a following of free-lances. who married the daughter of that monarch. Residence: Oudh. Nawab j Bahadur. MUHAMMAD AH KHAN (of Jahangirabad). The Nawab Bahadur's father was the Nizam-ud-daula. came under British protection. In 1808-9 the Chief of Kunjpura. 1891 . of whom the eldest died without issue. with the other Cis-Sutlej States. and ultimately established himself at Kunjpura. left four sons. fourth King of Oudh. Khan Bahadur. Residence: Kunjpura. The latter has a son and heir named Muhammad Ahmad Ali Khan. and that of Nawab on May 25. the Nawab being the descendant of a Pathan family founded by the Nawab Nijabat Khan about the close of the last century. Natodb. The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on January 1. The title is hereditary. the Nawab Gholam Ali Khan. Karnal. Kunjpura became British territory. In the rearrangements after the second Sikh war. Resi- .

MUHAMMAD AMIN. The title is personal. MUHAMMAD AMLN KHAN. Punjab. the Mirza Bahadur being the son of the Nawab Imam Ali Khan. Khan Bahadur. MUHAMMAD ALI NAKI KHAN. and . The title is personal. Bengal. Khan Saheb. Mirza Bahadur. the Raja Nawab Ali Khan. Prince. Rdjd. and was conferred on May 20. The title was conferred on May 21. North-Western Provinces. 1849. Maulavi.dence: Bulandshahr. who was the grandson of the late Shuja-ud-daula. 1858. 1897. MUHAMMAD ALI NAWAB CHAUDHRI. Is Extra-Assistant Commissioner. Received the title on June 22. Residence : Central Provinces. MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN (of Chitari). being the courtesy title held by the Prince as the eleventh son of the late King of Oudh. b. Sayyid. MUHAMMAD AMIR HASAN KHAN. See AM.C. 1898. Khdn Bahadur. in 1858. Residence : Karnal. Punjab. Succeeded his father. Mirza. King of Oudh. Khdn Bahadur.E. Residence : Oudh. The title is personal. The title is personal. See Muhammad Mahmud Ali Khan. MUHAMMAD ALI KHAN.I. Residence: Calcutta. K. KhanKel. 1890. Shams-ul-Ulama. 1880. MUHAMMAD AMIR. Residence : Kohat. Khan Bahadur. (of Mahmudabad). b. Sir. MUHAMMAD ALI MIRZA BAHADUR. and was conferred on March 27. These titles are hereditary.

were conferred by the British Government on December 4. and died at that place. 1877. the Nawab . and though belonging by birth to the younger branch of the family. because at some remote period the title of Khan was bestowed on one of their ancestors. Mumtaz Jang. A descendant. He was Imperial 190 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Governor of Jaunpur. as a special mark of recognition of his public services. The family is Shaikh Sidiki . obtained the additional titles of Bahadur. May 24. His descendant. who about 1360 a. The Nawab Daud Khan's son. Mahmud. The founder of the family was Shaikh Nathu. but they are usually called Khanzadas. is the head of the elder branch by adoption. Daud Khdn. Sayyid-ul-Mulk. was created a Nawab. 1883. 1884. the Nawab Bazid Khan. and was rewarded for his services by the grant of large estates in Fatehpur. being a General in the Delhi army. and it has ever since remained the seat of the family. founded the town of Mahmudabad about 1677. and some others. was employed by the King of Delhi against the Bhars. having been originally derived." a distinction proposed for him by Sir Henry Davies when Chief Commissioner of Oudh.d. Muzaffar Jang. and Daud's grandson. The Raja of Mahmudabad is also entitled to be addressed as " Amir-uddaula. from the Mughal Emperors of Delhi and from the Kings of Oudh. with other honours. and March 5. The Raja is the first cousin of the Raja of Paintepur.

the present Raja. MUHAMMAD ANWAR-UD-DIN. 1897.n. b. having adopted a cousin from the Belahra side. who was a minor under the Court of Wards till 1867. Is son of the Prince of Arcot. He died in 1858. and Canning College. and became the ancestor of the Raj&amp. and has since been President of that important body. Muhammad Ikram Khan's two sons. the elder. named Ali Muhammad Kh&amp. he was also a distinguished scholar and poet.Muhammad Imam Khan. both died without issue . He is an Honorary Magistrate.s of Paintepur and Belahra. and on January 2. Maghar Ali Kb an. The title is personal. when she died. At the great Darbar held by the late Lord Lawrence in Lucknow. obtained Belahra. 1849. the Nawab Muhammad Ikram Khan. Oudh. and has the powers of an Assistant Collector. Lucknow. The latter was an able man. who succeeded him in 1810. Residence: Madras. half- . was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Safaraz Ali Khan and Musahib Ali Khan. 1876. the widow of the latter. MUHAMMAD ANWAR. named Nawab Ali. who greatly increased the estate . Granted the title on June 22. while the younger. divided his estates between his two sons. Khdn Bahadur. he was presented with a Sword of Honour. Sitapur. retained Mahmudabad. and was conferred on March 30. Educated at Sitapur School. was at the head of the Mahmudabad estate till 1838. 1893. He has a son and heir. Benares College. In 1871 he was elected Vice-President of the British Indian Association. Khdn Bahadur. born 1881. Residence: Mahmudabad. and was succeeded by his only son. the Khan Bahadur being one of the sons of Rashid-ud-dauld.

. 1890. Maulavi. MUHAMMAD ANWAR-UL-HAK. 1897. The title is personal. Is an Assistant Superintendent of Port Blair. Bengal. Rajputana. MUHAMMAD ASGHAR HUMAYUN JAH MIRZA BAHADUR. Prince. as being the son of Prince Rafi-uz-Shan Mirza Muhammad Naki Ali Bahadur. and grandson of his late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah.. being the courtesy title of the sons of his late Majesty the King of Oudh. the Mirza Bahadur being the son of the Mirza Khurram Bakht. The title is personal. and was conferred on May 20. CLE. Residence : Port Blair. Residence: Oudh. The title is personal. The Prince is the sixteenth son. Residence: Madras. Mirza Bahadur. Khdn Bahadur. being the courtesy title enjoyed by this nobleman as seventh son of the late King of Oudh. The title is personal. Mirza Bahadur.brother of his late Highness Azim Jah. The Mirza Bahadur enjoys this title as a personal distinction. MUHAMMAD ASHIK ALI KHAN. Residence : Oudh. King of Oudh. Bengal. The title was conferred on June 22. MUHAMMAD ASKARI. Residence : Calcutta. and grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. King of Oudh. the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. Andaman Isles. Residence: Calcutta. Residence : Abu. Prince. Khdn Bahadur. MUHAMMAD ASGHAR An. MUHAMMAD ASKARI BULAND JAH MIRZA BAHADUR. MUHAMMAD ASLAM KHAN.

C. Sarddr Bahadur. Michael and St. The title of Sardar Bahadur is personal. MUHAMMAD AZIM (of Kakrali).G. and so recognized by the British Government in 1877. 15th February. The head of the family was. 1853. frequently engaged with the British troops. the repu- . Chaudhri. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 191 before the annexation of Oudh. MUHAMMAD ASLAM KHAN. JVawdb. 1881 . the late Raja Khaslat Husain. however. and acting as Nazim of Hardoi and the neighbouring districts. and was conferred on October 22. in 1882. having been so under the old Government of Oudh. Residence: Peshawar. He had. The present Chaudhri's grandfather. -Colonel. George. Punjab. Kazi. 1887. Has been created a Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Succeeded his father. The title of Chaudhri is hereditary. and was a noted and active rebel leader. Chakladdr or Chaudhri of Sandila. was well spoken of by Sir William Sleeman in his account of Oudh. b. 1899.M. He at first took part against the Government in the Mutiny of 1857.Lieut. that of Nawab on January 1. Chaudhri Hashmat Ali. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.

Prince. being engaged in many actions against the rebels. shortly before his death. MUHAMMAD AZMAT ALI KHAN. Residence: Calcutta. Residence : Punjab. and. Munshi. Khan Saheb. The present Chaudhri is an Honorary Magistrate . See Azmat Ali Khan. Peshawar. born 1867. Secretary to the Aujuman-i-Hind of Oudh. being the courtesy title enjoyed by the Prince as the sixth son of the late King of Oudh.tation of being an honourable enemy. Bengal. named Muhammad Jan. The title is hereditary. MUHAMMAD AZIM. never guilty of any cruelties . 1897. Residence: Shikarpur. Khan Bahadur. who was an Honorary Magistrate and Assistant Collector. MUHAMMAD BABAR MIRZA BAHADUR. MUHAMMAD AZIM KHAN. he has a son and heir. and became as active on the side of the Government. Khan Saheb. . Chaudhri Khaslat Husain. The title is personal. Sind. Residence : Kotla. MUHAMMAD BAKAR xcalad AHMAD KHAN. Punjab. Residence: Hardoi. Received the title on January 2. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). and early in 1858 he tendered his submission. Is an Extra Assistant Commissioner. For these services he received a Jchilat and a grant of land. MUHAMMAD BADR-UD-DIN. Oudh. See Badr-ud-din. Arbab. 1899. He was succeeded by his son. was given the rank of Raja as a personal distinction. The Arbab was created a Khan Saheb on June 22. Punjab. Mir.

He has two sons— Sayyid Muhammad and Muhammad Jafar Ali. Ambala. The ruler of Kotaha was a Rajput Raja named Dup Chand. who was the Physician to the Imperial Court at Delhi. the fort was rebuilt. and his fort at Kotaha was destroyed. died without issue. Mir. Suc- . obtained from General Ochterlony. after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in 1815. Punjab. Both the Raja Dup Chand and his son. 1851. His grandson. and his grandson. and forced his son to embrace Islam. Again. contrary to the orders of Government . he repaired to Delhi to get assistance from the Emperor. Residence: Kotaha. claiming descent from Kasim Ali Khan. was reinstated in his estates. he obtained some troops to reinstate him. He died in exile. and acquired the Kotaha territory in the last century in the following circumstances.MUHAMMAD BAKAR All (of Kotaha). Mir Muhammad Jafar Ali Khan. and the Mir banished. MUHAMMAD BAKAR An KHAN (of Kunwa Khera). During the Mutiny of 1857 the Mir Muhammad Akbar Ali Khan was suspected of sympathizing with the rebels. Nawab . b. in 1864. Fil Murad. as Political Agent. Kasim Ali Khan. so Kasim Ali Khan then established himself in their place at Kotaha. the Mir belonging to a Sayyid (Muhammadan) family. Being expelled by the Sirmur Raja. the present Mir. The force was accompanied by the Imperial Physician. The title is hereditary . a feudatory of the Raja of Sirmur. it was again destroyed. and having given one of his daughters to the Imperial zandna. the grant of the jdgir of Kotaha.

who was the Prime Minister of the King Muhammad AH Shah. constructed numerous public works. and gained the 192 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA universal respect and affection of the people. a Kashmiri noble who took service with Asaf-ud-daula. The latter was succeeded by his son. Khwaja Safi's son. Nawao Munawar-ud-daula. . Prime Minister to Nasir-ud-din Haidar from 1830 to 1832. and to Muhammad Ali Shah in 1837. CLE. and left a portion of his vast property to his brother's son. Muhammad Ali Shah. in 1875. the late Nawab Amjad Ali Khan. Ahmad Ali. As Chakladdr he made the district a garden.ceeded his father. having been originally conferred by the King of Oudh. in 1875. Oudh. Sitapur. on an ancestor of the present Nawab. who was a General in the army of the King of Oudh. Nawab Ashraf-ud-daula. The Nawab is descended from Khwaja Safi. Sahebzdda. The title is hereditary. MUHAMMAD BAKHTIYAR SHAH. See Bakhtiyar. Amjad Ali Khan. was Nazim of Muhamdi and Khairabad from 1799 to 1819. and recognized by the British Government in 1877. and himself connected by marriage with the King's family. He died December 24. fifth King of Oudh. MUHAMMAD BARKAT ALI KHAN. 1837. He was succeeded by his son. Residence: Kunwa Khera. the present Nawab. Hakim Mehndi.

where. Muhammad Arif Khan. In 1848 he was severely wounded in the fight at the Amb Bagh in the Jashwan Dan . He is a Member of the Senate of the Punjab University. Khan . Residence: Bombay. and assisted in the capture of the 26th Native Infantry mutineers. MUHAMMAD FARID-UD-DIN. alias Buddu Khan . and subsequently in raising mules and muleteers for service in Abyssinia. Appointed Extra Assistant Commissioner of Lahore . and has a son and heir. and distinguished himself by his exertions in the cholera epidemic at Lahore in 1867 .Khan Bahadur. The Khan Bahadur entered the service of the British Government in 1847. and on retirement on pension received a grant of land. he gallantly showed the way up the hill to attack the insurgents posted on the top. The Khan Bahadur's father. for distinguished military and police services. and rendered good service as a police officer in the Hoshiarpur district. who followed the Nawdb Bahadur Khan from Peshawar into India. Belongs to a Pathan family. named Bashir Ali Khan. The title was conferred on May 29. MUHAMMAD DAYEM HAKIM ABDULLA SHAH. and has received the thanks of the Government of India and of the Punjab for his valuable political services. he entered the service of the British Government. was the son of Abdulla Khan. 1868. Subsequently he became Risaldar of the Mounted Police at Amritsar. Punjab. In 1860 he was appointed Tahsildar of Lahore. under the orders of Lord Lawrence. then Commissioner of the Trans-Sutlej States. 1899. The title was conferred on January 1. descended from Muhammad Sahab Khan. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Lahore. Hakim.

He and his nephew. a favourite of the Emperor Akbar. Eleventh in descent from him was L41 Singh. and lost their estates. Dundi Khan. 1876. the daughter of the Dor Raja of Kol. MUHAMMAD FAYYAZ ALI KHAN (of Pahasu). where the family have ever since been seated. one of them. hence this branch of the family is called Lalkhani. but again rebelling. in 1894 . During the reign of Aurangzeb.C. to assist him against the Chandels. Nawdb .S.d. 1881. his estates were given to Mardan Ali Khan. and July 12. 1856. He received a large territory as the dowry of his wife. who received from the Emperor the title of Lai Khan . Belongs to an ancient Musalman Rajput family. Dundi Khan was pardoned. the late Murad Ali Khan. and were conferred on September 9.. Sir Faiz Ali. opposed the British in the Mahratta war in 1803. and he subsequently settled at Pahasu. His large territories were divided among his five sons . another nephew of Nahar Ali Khan. whose ancestors were Badgujars who settled in the Bulandshahr district about 1185 a. Murad Ali and his son. 1870. the family became Musalmans. who had been faithful to the British cause. MUHAMMAD FATEHYAB KHAN. was the grandfather of the present Nawab of Pahasu. The titles are hereditary. the latter had been created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on January 28. Khan Bahadur. K. the last Chauhan Emperor of Delhi. b.Sahcb. the late Sir Muhammad Faiz Ali Khan. behaved with conspicuous .I. See Fatehyab. Mumtaz-ud-dauld. and in 1774 the Emperor Shah Alam granted a large estate to Nahar Ali Khan. See Farid. Succeeded his father. Partab Singh was invited by Prithviraj.

Khdn Bahadur. Residence: Madras. it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. b. in recognition of his position as son of his late Highness Zahirud-daula. and . and rendered most valuable services. Residence: Madras. The title was conferred on October 8. The latter was Commander-in-Chief of the Jaipur troops. Bulandshahr. MUHAMMAD FAZL-ULLA. MUHAMMAD GHAUS. and also as the Superintendent of the State of Kotah . an extensive grant of lands.loyalty and bravery throughout the Mutiny of 1857. The title is personal. 1868. Residence : Madras. and recognized on January 1. Khdn Saheb. Residence: Pahasu. North-Western Provinces. and was rewarded with a khilat. The title is personal . he was also a Fellow of the Allahahad University. Khdn Bahadur. as a personal distinction. MUHAMMAD GHAYAS-UD-DIN. Haji. 1891. and recognized on December 16. 1875. MUHAMMAD GHAUS. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. Is also styled Intizam Khdn Bahadur. and was exempted from personal appearance in the Civil Courts. He THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 193 had distinguished himself as the Prime Minister of the State of Jaipur. and the various honours already noted. The title was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Khdn Bahadur. 1890.

third King of . Mirza Bahadur. The title is personal . MUHAMMAD HAMp. as the courtesy title of a grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. in recognition of his position as the son of the Nawab Ahmad-un-Nisa Begam. and recognized on December 16. Khdn Bahddur. 1850. MUHAMMAD HAMID BAKHSH. Haji. Residence : Budaun. 1890. being the courtesy title of the Mirza Bahadur as a son of the late Amjad Ali Khan. The title is personal. Residence: Hyderabad. 1898. Khdn Bahadur. Persia. Residence : Thagi and Dakaiti Department. MUHAMMAD HASAN. Khdn Bahadur. The title is personal. 1889. The title is personal. and was conferred on January 20. and grand-daughter of his late Highness Nawab Azim-ud-daula. 1899. North Western-Provinces. it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Residence : Oudh.was conferred on January 1. Khdn Bahadur. fourth King of Oudh. The title is personal. Gitchki (of Sami). MUHAMMAD HASAN All. daughter of the Nawab Azim-un-Nisa Begam. Sulaimdn Kadr. Residence : Kermanshah. MUHAMMAD HASAN All. Received the title on January 1. MUHAMMAD HASAN. Simla. MUHAMMAD HAMID-ULLA. 1883. Residence: Madras. Mirza Bahadur. Khdn Bahadur. and was conferred on February 23. penultimate Nawab of the Carnatic. Residence: Sami. h. Sayyid. 1888. Sardar Mir. The title was conferred on January 1. Deccan.

and was conferred on February 16. MUHAMMAD HASAN AH.E. Sind. who was born in the Fort of Hyderabad. the ancient capital of the Amirs of Sind. Residence: Lucknow. b. His Highness Mir. Shams-ul.TJlama . O 194 . 1824. Before the annexation the Sindi title of the Mir Nasir Khan was " Sarkar Faiz Asar " . for eminence in oriental learning. MUHAMMAD HASAN ALI KHAN walad MUHAMMAD NASHt KHAN C. The title is personal. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. Residence : Delhi. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. of Sind.I. as the courtesy title of a grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. and is now a political pensioner. and that of the present Mir was " Sarkar Rafiatmadar. August 14.Oudh. 1887. MUHAMMAD HASAN AZAD. The title is personal. Is the son of his late Highness Mir Nasir Khdn. Mirza Bahadur. and died in 1845. about three miles from Hyderabad. Maulavi. third King of Oudh. who was born in 1802 .. became one of the ruling Mirs or Princes of Sind in 1833. living in his own village. The Mirza Bahadur's father was Mirza Azim-us-Shan. Residence : Hyderabad." His Highness was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 24. Oudh. two years after the annexation of that Province. Talpur. Punjab. He was succeeded by His Highness the present Mir. Residence : Oudh. The Mirza Bahadur's father was Mirza Khurram Bakht. 1894.

Prince. The title is personal. as the courtesy title of the twenty-first son of his late Majesty the King of Oudh. Bengal. 1886. Wazirud-dauld Mudabbir-ul-Mulk. MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN BAHADUR. 1883. The Mirza Bahadur's father was the Nawab Hasan Ali Khan. Residence : Shikarpur. and was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Residence: Calcutta. Residence : Patiala. The title has been continued for life. The title was conferred on January 20. His Excellency is the Prime Minister of the State of Patiala .. January 1. Residence: Oudh. Punjab. Mirza Bahadur. MUHAMMAD HASHIM AKHTAR JAH. Khalifa Sayyid. CLE. as the courtesy title of a son-in-law of the son of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. The title is personal. grandson of that monarch. The Mirza Bahadur's father was Mirza Muhammad Jafar Khan. Sind. as the courtesy title of a great-grandson of the late Shu ja-ud-daula. Residence : Oudh. and to the Empire. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. Mirza Bahadur. Mirza Bahadur. MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN. King of Oudh. .THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA MUHAMMAD HASAN KHAN. as a personal distinction. third King of Oudh. for eminent services rendered to the State of Patiala. Mir. The title is personal.

The title was conferred on May 1. Maulavi. Arabia. . as a personal distinction. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN. Received the title on January 1. Vice-Consul at Jeddah. Residence : Jeddah. Residence : Patiala. 1897. Mushir-ud-dauld. Punjab. Mumtaz-ul-Mulk. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN. 1898. Residence : Khairagarh. Residence: Sitapur. The title was conferred on January 1. Khan Bahadur.MUHAMMAD HASHIM KHAN. Oudh. Received the title on January 1. Shaikh. 1821. January 20. The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on May 24. Residence : Rohtak. B. 1895. Residence: Bengal. Maulavi. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN. Central Provinces. Khalifa Sayyid. Khan Bahadur. Khdn Bahadur. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN. 1897. Is H. 1889. b. Khdn Saheb . 1896. for good services rendered to the State of Patiala and to the Empire. The Sardar Bahadur is a Risaldar-Major in Her Majesty's Army. The title was conferred on May 20. 1880. Khan Bahadur. Mir. Khan Bahadur. Sarddr Bahadur. Punjab. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN. for good services as Diwan of the Khairagarh State. The title was conferred on June 22. Assistant-Surgeon. 1859. Residence : Allahabad. M. and the other titles were similarly conferred. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN. Is the Foreign Minister of the State of Patiala. 1883. b. Maulavi.

Nawdb. MUHAMMAD HYAT KHAN. The Sardar Bahadur is a Risaldar-Major in Her Majesty's Army. in recognition of his position as son THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and was conferred on October 8. Subahdar. 1887. for good services rendered in the Army Medical Department as Assistant Surgeon. The title was conferred on January 5. b. Residence: Punjab.I. Received the title of Nawab. The title is personal. 1868. Khdn Bahadur. Residence: 2nd Sikh Infantry. Khdn Bahddur .8. 1839. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN B AKR KAMYA . MUHAMMAD HUSAIN KHAN. North-Western Provinces. MUHAMMAD IBAD-ULLA. Residence: Lahore. Residence: Calcutta. and was conferred on January 1. Sarddr Bahadur. The title is personal. Is a Divisional Judge. MUHAMMAD HUSAIN KHAN. as the courtesy title of the nineteenth son of his late Majesty the King of Oudh. Residence : Aligarh. 1875. The title is personal. Punjab. Prince. Khdn Bahadur. Mirza Bahadur. 1889. Bengal. on January 1. 1886. in recognition of good military services as an officer of the Second Sikhs.MUHAMMAD HUSAIN ALI KHAN. The title was conferred on February 16. Khan C. as a personal distinction.. as a personal distinction.

grandfather of the Khan Bahadur. Residence: Madras. For important services rendered during the Mutiny of 1857. Kazi Fakhr-ud-din. The title is personal. Hdji Imam Bakhsh. and was conferred on August 3. The title was conferred on June 1. 1837. Mirza Bahadur. The title is personal. Prince. 1856. in recognition of his position as son of Rashid-ud-dauld. Bengal. settled in Jaunpur in the time of the Mughals. Mirza Bahadur. b. 1888. The title is personal.195 of His Highness Zahir-ud-dauld. Bengal. Residence : Jaunpur. as the courtesy title of the eighth son of his late Majesty the King of Oudh. 1876. and was conferred on March 30. Residence : Calcutta. Residence : Peshawar. The Khan Bahadur is an Honorary Magistrate. 1874. whose ancestor. Sayyid. Khan Bahadur. as a personal distinction. Belongs to a Muhammadan family. b. The title is personal. the first of the titular Princes of Arcot. Residence : Calcutta. North-Western Provinces. Khan Bahadur. received a Tchilat and a considerable grant of land. MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM. MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM KHAN. MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM AH AWALI MARTABAT. Punjab. Residence: Madras. MUHAMMAD IJAZ HUSAIN KHADIMUL-AIMA. half-brother of his late Highness Azim Jah. as the courtesy title of the twenty-third son of his late Majesty the King of Oudh. . Prince. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. Khdn Bahadur. MUHAMMAD IBAD-ULLA.

See Ikram. Bengal. being the courtesy title of a grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. Khdn Bahadur. Mirza. Mirza Bahadur. Residence: Calcutta. Nawdb Bahadur. Oudh. The title is personal. The title is personal. Bengal. The title is personal. See Kadir Nawaz Khan. being the courtesy title of the fifth son of the late King of Oudh. Sayyid. Khan Bahadur. . MUHAMMAD KADLR NAWAZ KHAN. being the courtesy title of the third son of the late King of Oudh. MUHAMMAD JAFAR All KHAN. MUHAMMAD JAM JAH All KARA AHMAD. Mirza Bahadur. See Ildhi. 1890. Khan Bahadur. who married a daughter of that monarch. Residence: Calcutta. MUHAMMAD JOGI. and was conferred on January 1. third King of Oudh. Residence: Madras. Residence: Calcutta. Khan Bahadur. Mirza Bahadur. Prince. The title is personal. The Nawdb Bahadur is the son of the lateMuazzam- ud-daula. Prince. Residence: Lucknow. being the courtesy title of the fourth son of the late King of Oudh. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL SAHEB. MUHAMMAD JALAL. Bengal. MUHAMMAD IIAHI BAKHSH.MUHAMMAD IKRAM-ULLA KHAN. Prince. The title is personal.

The Mirza Bahadur is the son of Rafi-u-Shdn Mirza Muhammad Naki Ali Bahadur. 1875. 1870. Bengal. b. The title is personal. b. Residence: Oudh. Rdjd Ibad Ali Khdn. Mirza Bahadur. MUHAMMAD KARAMAT-ULLA. one of the surviving sons of that monarch. The Mirza Bahadur's father was Mirza Mustafa Ali Haidar. Khurshed Jah. being the courtesy title of a grandson of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. in recognition of his position as a son of his late Highness Zahirud-dauld. Prince. son of that monarch. fourth King of Oudh. MUHAMMAD KASIM All. The title is personal. MUHAMMAD KAZIM HUSAIN. Rdjd . Khdn Bahadur. Residence: Oudh. MUHAMMAD KAZIM HUSAIN KHAN (of Paintipur). Mirza Bahadur. and was conferred on October 8.MUHAMMAD KAMR-UD-DIN HAIDAR. 196 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . The title is personal. being the courtesy title of a grandson of Amjad Ali Shah. The title is personal. Residence : Madras. Succeeded his father. Residence: Calcutta. 1852. third King of Oudh. Mirza Bahadur. being the courtesy title of the eighteenth son of the late King of Oudh. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot.

The family were dispossessed by the Awans. Belongs to the Shaikh Sadiki family known as Khanzadas. the late Raja Ibad Ali Khan (father of the present Raja of Paintipur). received Belahra in Bara Banki as his portion . having been originally conferred on Ibad Ali Khan in 1853 by the King of Oudh. the R&amp. and by the Awans. Edjd. see the account given of this family under the heading " Muhammad Amir Hasan Khan. also acquired Paintipur. They were settled near the Salt Range. Residence: Paintipur. Sitapur. the younger son. who was also a distinguished Chief. and was celebrated for his valour. He built the fort called Kot Sarang after his name. The title is hereditary. The sixth in descent from him was Raja Fateh Khan. a General of the Mahajara Ranjit Singh . For the family history down to the time of Muhammad Imam Khan. but having become divided among themselves. but were subsequently granted some land by the Sardar Dhanna Singh Malwai.in 1870. The Janjoah tribe of Rajputs were in early ages very powerful. and subsequently recognized by the British Government in 1877. and became Raja of Paintipur as well as Belahra. Raja of Pharwala). Oudh. Mazhar Ali Khan." When Muhammad Imam Khan divided his estates. born in 1889. Raja of Mahmudabad.ja being the head of the Janjoah Rajput family of Kot Sarang. Raja Sarang was the founder of the Kot Sarang family. The Raja has a son and heir. and his grandson. The title is hereditary. and is the first cousin of the Raja of Mahmudabad. and was ultimately slain in a fight with the Afghans near Makhad. father of the present Raja. they were dispossessed of much of their territory by the Gakkars (see Karamdad Khan Gakkar. MUHAMMAD KHAN (of Kot Sarang).

1887. Bombay. MUHAMMAD KHAN. The title was conferred on February 16. The Sardar Bahadur has three sons — Yusaf Ah. Residence: Peshawar. 1896. and his conspicuous bravery as an officer of the distinguished Corps of Guides. Munshi. Dehlvi. Sardar Bahddur. in recognition of his services during the Mutiny campaigns. He retired as a RisaldarMajor on a special pension in 1871. The title was conferred on . Sardar Khan. Raja Muhammad Khan has three sons — Ahmad Khan. MUHAMMAD KHAN. as a personal distinction. Punjab. and received a grant of land in the district of Peshawar. Haji. MUHAMMAD KHAN. and a third (still a minor). Punjab. Khwaja (of Hoti). Residence : Thana. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The title was conferred on February 16. Khdn Bahddur.of Lahore. Residence: Jhelum. MUHAMMAD KHAN. Punjab. Khan Bahddur. The title was conferred in 1857. MUHAMMAD KHAN (S1KANDAB KHAN). as a personal distinction. Nawdb. as a personal distinction. MUHAMMAD KHAN. Residence : Dera Ghazi Khan. Received the title on June 3. Malik. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on May 20. Sabz Ali. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and Aziz Khan. Punjab. Punjab. Residence: Tiwana. 1899. Khan Bahddur. Khan Bahddur. 1887. He is an Honorary Magistrate of Peshawar. Residence: Peshawar.

Residence : Madras. Residence: Lahore. 1897. Khdn Bahddur. . It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. 1875. MUHAMMAD LUTF-ULLA. MUHAMMAD KHAN. Khdn Bahddur. Wall. and was conferred on THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 197 February 16. and was conferred on October 8. b. Received the title of Khan Bahadur on May 25. 1845. Khdn Bahddur. 1887. 1892. MUHAMMAD LATIF. MAULAVI HAFIZ. Shams-ul-Ulama. in recognition of eminent public services rendered as Extra Judicial Assistant Commissioner. 1897. Punjab. Shams-ul-Ulama. Khdn Bahddur. MUHAMMAD LUTF ALI KHAN. Khan Bahddur. in recognition of his position as son-inlaw of his late Highness Zahir-uddaula. The title is personal. MUHAMMAD KUDRAT AZIZ. Sayyid. See Wali. MUHAMMAD MAHMUD. Residence: Merwara. Kunwar. Residence : Madras. See Lutf.June 22. The title is personal. This title is personal. for eminence in oriental learning. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Moat Gracious Majesty. and that of Shams-ul-Ulama on June 22. and was conferred on January 20. Rajputana. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot.

January 2. and grand-daughter of his late Highness Nawab Azimud-daula. the title of Nawab was conferred on him. Muhammad.. Residence: Oudh. MUHAMMAD MAJID MIBZA. 1859. See Mehdi Ali Khan. Khdn Bahddur.S.Western Provinces. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. fourth King of Oudh. Mirza. The title is personal. in recognition of his position as son of the Nawab Ahmad-un-Nisa Begam. . Residence: Bulandshahr. being the courtesy title of a grandson of the late Amjad Ali Shah. as a personal distinction for life. He rendered good services during the Mutiny of 1857. Raja. is given under that heading. MUHAMMAD MAHMUD All KHAN (of Chitari).1883. At the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi on January 1. penultimate Nawab of the Carnatic. who is his nephew. and as a reward. 1893. who is the surviving son of that monarch.v.I. Residence: Madras. October 9. Chitari came to Muhammad Mahmud Ali Khan. father of this Nawab. When the estates of the Nawab Mardan Ali Khan were divided among his sons. Sulaiman Kadr (q. 1826. 1877. he received the title of Khan Bahadur as a personal distinction. of Pahasu. with a khilat and a grant of lands in Bulandshahr district. on September 16. Nawab. North. and the family history down to the time of the Nawab Mardan Ali Khan.C. The Mirza is the son of the Mirza Muhammad Hasan Ali. the daughter of Nawab Azimun-Nisa Begam.). and declared hereditary. The Nawab belongs to the same Musalman Rajput family as the Nawab Sir Muhammad Faiz Ali Khan. MUHAMMAD MEHDI All KHAN (of Hasanpur). K. b.

MUHAMMAD MOHSIN. and the hereditary title of Khan Bahadur. the present Khdn Bahadur. See Muhammad Mohsin. Prince of Arcot .din. 1859. Zul-Kadr. descendants of the famous Anwar -ud. 1861. MUHAMMAD MUNAWAB AM. Khdn Bahddur. North. The title is hereditary. Sayyid. b. succeeded on the death of Nasir Ali Khan. who was created Nawab of the Carnatic by the Nizam of the Deccan. and rendered loyal services to the Government. 1869. and assisted the garrison in the Allahabad Fort by communicating information. and was conferred on September 10. Succeeded the late Amir-iArcot (Prince of Arcot) in 1889. and has been appointed a Deputy Collector of the North.Western Provinces. b. Is the representative of the former Musalman dynasty of the Nawabs of the Carnatic. He was the Deputy Collector of Allahabad at the time of the Mutiny in 1857. on the father of the present Khdn Bahadur.Western Provinces. the grant of some confiscated estates. the Sayyid Muhammad Nasir Ali Khan. His son was the Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan. Khdn Bahadur. Walajah Nawab of the Carnatic. He has a son and heir. who was supported on the masnad of Arcot by the exploits of Clive against the . His son. Zul-Kadr. MUHAMMAD MUHSIN. and ranks as the first noble of the Carnatic. the Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan. Zul-Kadr. In recognition of these services he received a khilat. 1832. born August 22. Residence : Jaunpur. furnishing supplies. and offering money. Sir. He separated himself from the rebels.

v. Ghulam Muhammad. may here be recited — His Highness Azim Jah Umdat-ul-Umara.French under Dupleix. whose full titles. Azim-ud-daula. Zulfikar Jang. The present Prince of Arcot is the son of Muazzaz-ud daula Khan Bah&amp. 1870. Khdn . 1897. according to local usage. Fitrat Jang. Sipahsalar. And on the same occasion. titular Nawab of the Carnatic. first Prince of Arcot. Madar-ulMulk. Muhammad Badi-ullah Khan Bahadur. He was granted the title of Khan Bahadur. Prince 198 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA of Arcot. Siraj-ul-Umara. on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Juhilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen Empress. dated August 2. His grandson was the Nawab Azim-ud-daula. and Ghulam Muhi-ud-din (q. and succeeded as Prince of Arcot in 1889. four sons of the Prince.dur. He was succeeded by his late Highness Zahirud-daula. Abdul Majid. who was granted the latter title by Her Majesty's letters patent. first Prince of Arcot. Asad-ud-daula-al-Ingl iz Zahir-ud-daula. Madras. Umdat-ul-Mulk. Amirul-Umara. 1876. MUHAMMAD MUNIR SAHEB. second Prince of Arcot.) were granted the title of Khan Bahadur. whose son was his late Highness Prince Azim Jah. Muhammad Ah Khan. March 3. and grandson of his late Highness Azim Jah. Muhammad Anwar.l. Residence: Amir-Mah&amp. Created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on June 22.

MUHAMMAD NAJAF KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. November 20. MUHAMMAD MURID walad MUHAMMAD WARIS. 1887. This title is personal. and was conferred on June 22. The title is personal. known as the Khwaja Pir of Herat. Residence: Hyderabad. Oudh. Shams-ul-Ulama . MUHAMMAD MURGAY. North-Western Provinces. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Lucknow. The title is personal. Received the title on June 3. Anseri. Residence : Allahabad. Residence: Calcutta. 1834. Sind. Kazi. Residence : Bombay. Is Deputy-Collector of Allahabad. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and was conferred on February 16. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. the Mir being a representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). Belongs to the family of Khwaja Abu Ismail Abdulla. 1899. b. MUHAMMAD MUSTAFA. Khdn Saheb. MUHAMMAD NABI. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Nawabs. The title was conferred on January 1. The title has been continued for life. 1898.Saheb. 1897. See Munir. MUHAMMAD NAIYIM. Khan Saheb. Say yid. Maulavi. 1887. for eminence in oriental learning. . The family was held in great esteem and respect by the Mughal Emperors of Delhi. Khdn Bahadur. and was conferred on February 16. Mir.

in recognition of his position as son-in-law of his late Highness Zahir-ud-daula. and all his jdgirs were made perpetual jdgirs. MUHAMMAD RABNAWAZ KHAN. born 1862. The father of the present Nawab was the Nawab Fau jdar Khan. For these services he received the title of Khan Bahadur. Punjab. b. the present Nawab. The title is personal. MUHAMMAD NIZAM-UD-DIN. Mirza Bahadur. Sind. In 1857 the Nawdb went to Kabul again. where he remained till March 1859. and a valuable jdgir. He died in 1875. . Hakdad Khan. The title is personal. Khdn Bahadur.Residence : Shikarpur. MUHAMMAD NAKI ALI DILAWAR JAH. and was conferred on October 8. In 1854 he was deputed as Envoy to the Court of Kabul . He also rendered good service during the Sheorani and Kasrani expeditions. Prince. as a personal distinction. Nawab. Bengal. Residence: Calcutta. 1840. Residence: Dera Ismail Khan. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. and in 1875 the title of Nawab was made hereditary. born 1876. Aladad Khan. and in 1856. Lord Dalhousie conferred on him the personal title of Nawab. being the courtesy title of the seventeenth son of the late King of Oudh. 1875. who rendered good services during the Multan campaign of 1848 under Lieutenant (subsequently Sir Herbert) Edwardes. He received various further honours and rewards for his remarkable services . after the conclusion of the treaty with the Amir of Kabul. and was succeeded by his son. Residence: Madras. Alizai. The Nawab Muhammad Eabnawaz Khan has three sons — Mahmud Khan. The title is hereditary. born 1857 .

Rajputana. Munsni. and recognized on December 16. Mirza. Residence: Calcutta. Mirza Bahadur. 1833. . THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 199 MUHAMMAD RAHMAT-ULLA BEG.MUHAMMAD RAHMAT-ULLA.Western Provinces. Belongs to a Kamboh (Musalman) family. 1887. The title was conferred on June 3. Khan Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. Residence : Madras. 1875. being the courtesy title of the thirteenth son of his late Majesty the King of Oudh. b. Residence : Karauli. MUHAMMAD REZA All SULTAN. North. 1893. The title is personal. it was originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. 1862. in recognition of his position as son of his late Highness Zahir-uddaula. MUHAMMAD RASHID-UD-DIN KHAN (of Delhi). The title is personal. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. Khan Bahadur. Bengal. Prince. Khdn Bahadur. The title is personal. July 13. Firoz Jang. Residence : Benares. Residence: Madras. The title is personal. MUHAMMAD RAUSHAN All. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. and was conferred on February 16. MUHAMMAD SADIK. b. Khan Bahadur. and was conferred on October 8. 1890.

The latter became a Muhammadan and an eunuch . The title is personal. See Muhammad Sayyid. MUHAMMAD SAKHAWAT HUSAIN. who married a daughter of that monarch. served the Government as a Tahsildar and Honorary Magistrate. Sagar and Abhiman. 1835. Gautam. who settled at Meerut three centuries ago. Haji Muhammad Mumtaz Ali Kaan. Oudh. and was Wazir in the time of the Mughal Emperors. Nawab Bahadur. of Mehnagar in Nizdmabad. He las been a Deputy Magistrate in the Irrigation Department. Belongs to a family descended from Chandra Singh. 1877. Khan Bahadur. Raja. MUHAMMAD SAIYAD. He had two sons. third King of Oudh. b. entered the Imperial service of Delhi. His father. The title is hereditary. and a khilat for loyal services during the Mutiny in 1857 . MUHAMMAD SADIK ALI KHAN. on the occasion of the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. See Sakhawat. Received a satad in Darbar from Lord Canning. The Nawab Bahadur's father was the Nawab Muazzam-ud-daula. Residence : Lucknow. Residence : Meerut. took the name of Daulat. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India . MUHAMMAD SALAMAT KHAN. and the title of Khan Bahadur on February 16. 1887. also a Certificate of Honour at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on January 1. rose to be .claiming descent from the Nawab Asad Khan. being the courtesy title of a grandson of his late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah. North-Western Provinces.

The latter was imprisoned by the Nawab Vaeir for refusing to pay revenue. North. Nawab . assumed the title of Raja. Khan Bahadur. and built the fort there. and that of . and had two sons. He died in 1826. Azam founded the town of Azamgarh in 1665. Jahan Khan. named Bikramajit. was appointed Faujdar of Jaunpur. After the defeat of the Nawab Vazir by the British forces at Baksar. which became the residence of the family. and was succeeded by his two sons in turn. His son Iradat. His nephew Harbans. The Raja is an Honorary Magistrate. established himself in the Raj. married a Muhammadan wife. and was succeeded by his son. whose claim to the Raj was at last allowed by the Government in 1866. and retained it till his death in 1771. born in February 1849.Western Provinces. and was succeeded as claimant by his eldest son. Babu Muhammad Khalik Khan. the present Raja. Residence: Azamgarh. who was slain in 1761 in a quarrel with the Nawab Vazir's agent. His widow adopted a son named Nadir Khan. The grandson of Harbans. Mubarak. a cousin of Jahan Khan. and in 1612 A. Azmat was killed by the Imperial troops about 1688 for failure to pay revenue. who appears to have been a claimant of the Raj. February 9. was succeeded in 1756 by his son. sou of Sagar. 1859. Ikram and Mahabat.Wazir of the Household. named Azam and Azmat. MUHAMMAD SALAM-ULLA KHAN.D. b. and died in confinement about the year 1731. 1888. His heir-presumptive is his brother. named Azam Khan. The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on June 1. alias Akbar Shah. The latter died in 1858.

d.G. received a. and Shams-unNisa. Muhammad Rahim Khan. and was conferred on January 1. and three daughters. Berar. Buldana. George. Mirza. Berar. who is the jdgirddr and Magistrate of Dewalghat. alias PIYARI SAHEB.200 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Nawab on May 29. the last independent Mughal Emperor of Delhi. Michael and St. Mohr-unNisa. 1891. Residence: Aden. His grandfather. 1891. Has been created a Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St. The title is personal. Budr-un-Nisa. Residence : MUHAMMAD SAYYID BAKHT.jdgir for his services rendered to General Sir Arthur Wellesley (afterwards Duke of Wellington) in the campaign of Assai (Assaye). the heirapparent of the Emperor Shah Alam. The title is personal. 1803 a. Residence : Dewalghat. MUHAMMAD SAMI-ULLAH KHAN. as the courtesy title of one of the great-grandsons of the Prince Mirza Jahandar Shah. Khdn Bahadur. Muhammad Rahim Khan's son was Muhammad Bismillah Khan. The Prince. Buldana district. G. MUHAMMAD SALEH JAFAR. The Nawab has two sons — Muhammad Nurulla Khan and Muhammad Aziz-ulla Khan .M. father of the present Nawab. as personal distinctions. having incurred the displeasure of his father the . in recognition of his services and those of his family to the Government. Belongs to a Shirani Pathan family of Dewalghat.

There the Palace on the river-side. as a residence for the Prince. was given by Mr. Subahdar. Residence : 20th Bengal Infantry. Residence: Dir. MUHAMMAD SHAH SAYYID. was the father of Mirza Muhammad Sayyid Bakht. The title is per- . Nigarish Khdn Bahddur Ihtisham Jang Ihtisham-ud-daula. MUHAMMAD SHAMS-UD-DIN HAIDAR. Nawdb. Vellore. Punjab Frontier. The Khan of Dir received the title of Nawab on June 22. Mirza Bahddur. on the occasion of the Jabilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. MUHAMMAD SHARIF KHAN (Khan of Dir). called the Shiwala. Subsequently. Duncan. 1887. MUHAMMAD SHARIF. Khdn Bahddur. being the courtesy title of a grandson of his late Majesty Amjad Ali Shah. 1897. MUHAMMAD SIBGHAT-ULLA.. The title is personal. Mirza Mahmud Jan. fled from Delhi to Lucknow. 1891.Emperor. son of that monarch. One of the Prince's grandsons. North-Western Provinces. for distinguished services as an officer of the 20th Bengal Infantry. Residence: Benares. and the family have lived there ever since as political pensioners. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence: Oudh. the British Resident.D. Residence: Madras. fourth King of Oudh. and was conferred on February 16. Khdn Bahddur. The Mirza Bahadur's father was the Mirza Mustafa Ali Haidar. in 1788 A.he removed to Benares. The title is personal. to reside under the protection of the British Government.

Matilavi. See Suraya Jah. fourth King of Oudh. Residence: Kandahar. MUHAMMAD SURAJA JAH. MUHAMMAD TAKI KHAN. and recognized on December 16.). MUHAMMAD USMAN KHAN. Sulaiman Kadr (q. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty.sonal . THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 201 . The Mirza's father is the Mirza Muhammad Hasan Ali Bahadur.v. Residence: Madras. The title was conferred on May 26. 1894. The title is personal. Mirza. MUHAMMAD TAKI. Khdn Saheb. being the courtesy title of a grandson of his late Majesty Amjad AH Shah. and was conferred on February 16. Central Provbces. See Ubaidullah. the only surviving son of that monarch. Sarddr Bahddur. See Sultan. 1890. Khdn Bahddur. Residence : Harda. 1887. MUHAMMAD UBEIDULLA. The Sardar Bahadur is a Subahdar-Major in Her Majesty's Army. Shams-ul-Ulama. Mirza. MUHAMMAD TAKI All. Residence: Oudh. Kazi. it was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. Khdn Saheb. Mirza. MUHAMMAD SULTAN SAHIB. The title is personal.

Khan Bahadur. Belongs to an Afghan (Muhammadan) family.v. 1890. Nawab of A ruling chief. MUHAMMAD WAZIR-UD-DIN. North. The Khan Bahadur is also styled Mutamid Khan Bahadur. Bengal. The title is personal . Residence: Madras. Residence: Calcutta. of which the Muhammadgarh State is an off- . Punjab. on January 1. and recognized on December 16. 1894. 1881. Haii Shaikh. Succeeded to the gadi October 1897. Received the title. Residence : Kohat. MUHAMMADGARH. Khan Khel. MUHAMMAD YUSUF All KHAN. Nawab Muhammad Hatim Kuli Khan. MUHAMMAD USMAN KHAN. Residence: Punjab. Maulavi. as a personal distinction. it was originally conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. descended from Dalel Khan. 1897. The title was conferred on June 6.attached to the Body-guard of His Excellency the Governor of Madras. 1866. in recognition of his position as an eminent member of the Bar of the Calcutta High Court. Khan Bahadur. b. Residence : Agra. Residence: Madras. as a personal distinction.).Western Provinces. 1885. Khdn Bahadur. Khan Saheb. MUHAMMAD YUSUF. MUHAMMAD ZAKAB All. The title was conferred on January 1.C. Khdn Bahddur. and has been appointed A. to His Excellency. for eminent services in the Educational Department.D. See Mahomedbhai. founder of the State of Kurwai (q. The title was conferred on March 9. MUHAMMADBHAI.

The area of the State is 27 square miles . chiefly Hindus. MUKUNDRAI MANIRAI. Residence: Madras. Rai Bahadur. Is Zamindar of Saidabad in Murshidabad. Residence: Muhammadgarh. but including about 900 Muhammadans. MUKUND DEB (of Khurdah). 1899. MUKUND BALKRISHAN BUTI. Rdjd. Rai Bahadur. 1884. Rao Saheb. Bengal. Residence: Puri. Bhopal. Bombay. Sarddr of. Khdn Bahddur. 1887. 1899. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. MUKUND LAL BURMAN. and was conferred on February 16. Received the title on January 2. and was conferred on June 9. 1878. The title is personal. MUHI-UD-DIN SHARIF. The Nawab's eldest son bears the title of Mian. . The title was conferred on January 2. MUKERIAN. Rdjd of. MUKTAGACHI. See Prem Singh. The title is personal. its population is about 5300. The title is personal. 1884. and was conferred on March 29. The Raja is the present representative of the ancient Gangavansa dynasty of Kings of Orissa. and was conferred on January 1.shoot. Central India. The title is personal. Bengal. See Surja Kant Acharji. MUHIUJI NARSUJI. Bengal. Central Provinces. Babu. Residence: Bombay. Murshidabad. Rao Bahddur. Residence : Nagpur. Residence : Saidabad. Residence: Surat.

A ruling chief. . and the last Pramara King of Chitor was conquered by the Gehlots. its population is 19. 1870. chiefly Hindus. Belongs to a family claiming descent from the great Pramara (Parmar) clan of Rajputs. Bombay. or " Sons of Fire. The Pramaras were one of the four divisions of the Agnikulas. Thdkur of. Tod says of them in his learned Annals ofRdjdsthdn : ' ' Though the Pramara family never equalled in wealth the famed Solanki princes of Anhilwara. was probably a Pramara Rajput. it is said. Parmar Sartansinghji Ramabhai. The Thdkur is known in Kathiawar by the title of " Parmar Shri. and the Purihara. Kdthidwdr. The title is personal. MULI. He maintains a military force of 79 cavalry and 230 infantry. Residence : Muli. it attained a wider range and an earlier consolidation of power than either. or shone with such lustre as the Chauhan [of Ajmir and Delhi]. and was conferred on January 20. the Thakur being.d. the Chauhan. 1882. and almost the only surviving Chief of that great clan." The area of 202 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA his State is 133 square miles. Residence: Ajmir. the only Pramara Chief in Western India.MULCHAND S0NI." of the heroic ages in India— the other three being the Solanki.832. April 12. probably in 714 a." The great Chandragupta. Rao Bahddur. 1834. b. Succeeded to the gadi June 29. the Sandracottus of the Greeks.

The population of his State is about 9000. Shekhan Khdn. after ten years. b. Received the title on June 3. 1865. Residence: Multhan. The title is hereditary. he openly rebelled. MULTHAN. Atraula). Akbar the Great. tendered his submission to Akbar's Viceroy in Oudh. b. where he incurred the Emperor's displeasure by conniving at the escape of the Raja of Bikanir from a beleaguered fort. A ruling chief . 1899. He then encamped before Atraula. But in 1571 his only son. which is still held by his descendants. Rdjd. and the latter title was recognized by the British Government as hereditary in 1879. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1849. and joined the old Afghan party of Sher Shah. Belongs to a very ancient Pathan family. 1838. the uncle of the Prophet. Residence . and after two years' siege he slew the Rajput Prince of that place. and .MTJLJI NARAYAN. by whom Humayun was for a time driven into exile. from which. Bombay. claiming descent from Khalid. Its founder in Atraula was Ali Khan of Manota. He refused to submit to the restored Emperor Humdyun. Central India. in the district of Muzaffarnagar. Bhopdwar. Threatened with death. Rao Saheh. the original title of Malik was exchanged for that of Rdjd by Adam Khan about the year 1650. or to his son. The Thakur belongs to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. Thdkur of. and in the year 1552 established the Raj. October 6. Ah Khan then seized the Raj of Nagar in Basti . chiefly Hindus. MUMTAZ All KHAN (of Bilaspur. Thakur Dalpat Singh. son of Walid. he was driven by a rising of the Hindus under the son of the former Rdjd. He accompanied the Emperor Humayun in his expedition to Gujarat.

engaged in a feud with the Jan war Rdjd of Bhinga (q. he raised a handsome tomb over the remains of his parent. The unnatural battle was fought at Sarai in Pargand Saadullanagar . He died. The late Rdjd.v. was induced to join the rebels. however. Daud Khdn's son.v. Umrao Khdn. who died in 1858. Daud Khdn. the son was victorious.) . Shekhan Khdn was allowed to return to Atraula with his father's head and a grant of the Zaminddri . and ruled in Atraula for twenty years. a General of the rebellious Begam of Oudh. His son. which is still used in their signatures by the chieftains of this family. His descendants in later generations have been engaged in frequent bloody feuds with their neighbours. His son.) and Bdnsi. Adam Khdn. had been engaged for many years in a desultory border warfare with the Chief of Balrdmpur. in 1865. was the first Chief of the family to exchange the title of Mdlik for that of Rdjd. and he presented it in person at Delhi. leaving no male issue. . who succeeded as a minor. and kept his word by having his father's head cut off and embalmed. where it was placed as a trophy on the Ajmir Gate. As his reward he received the title of Shri Khdn Azam Masnad Ali. before the establishment of the British rule in Oudh. and the rebel Begam of Oudh promised him a share of the possessions of the loyal Chief of Balrdmpur.promised to bring in his father's head if he were furnished with a sufficient number of troops. the Rdjds of Balrdmpur (q. when it was dug out by Mendu Khdn. and it is said that he was such a powerful archer that an arrow shot by him into the gateway of the Bhinga fort was so deeply buried that it was never extracted till the time of the Mutiny of 1857.

Punjab. Rai. Received the title on May 21. Oudh. Received the title on January 2. The Government decided that he should succeed to his father's estates. MUNNA LAL DUBE. Prince of Arcot. and was recognized in 1886. MUNISWAMY PILLAI. The Rdjd has married a daughter of the Rdjd Jang Bahddur Khdn of Nanpara (q. which were under the management of the Court of Wards from 1865 to 1866. The title was conferred on January 1. 1899. Rai Saheb. Is secretary to the Anjumani-Mafid-i-ahla-i-Islam. Muhammad. Madras. MUNAWAR ALI. Khdn Bahadur. MUMTAZ ALI KHAN. 1892. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 203 MUNIR SAHEB. The title is personal. MUNNA LAL. Residence: Madras. Rao Bahadur. Residence : Ludhiana. Khdn Bahddur. 1898. 1894. Residence : Chengalpat.but the present Rdjd was born as a posthumous son on October 6th of that year. Muhammad. Oudh.v. Residence: Gonda. Re- .). Arkadu. Peter. Khan Saheb. Gonda. MUNISWAMI MUDALIYAR. Residence : Madras. Rao Saheb. The title was conferred on May 25. Munshi. See Muhammad Munawar Ah. Residence : Atraula.

b. His great-grandfather. MUNSHL— A prefix. the present Jam succeeded as a minor in September 1866. Sind. Rdjd of.ceived the title on May 21. named Muhammad Arif . b. 1897. Residence: Narsinghpur. Residence: Jabalpur. His father was Muhammad Hayat. Muhammad Harun. came from Herat and settled in Hala. MURALI. October 1857. Residence: Muradabad. Rohilkhand. Sind. MURAD ALI (of Malir). Central Provinces. The title is hereditary . MURID AHMAD KHAN walad NASIR KHAN. The title has been continued for life. Residence: Shikarpur. Jam. The Khan Bahadur has a son. and was conferred on April 16. b. Sind. MURED ALI. The title is hereditary. Rai Bahadur. Khan Bahadur. 1842. Residence : Karachi. 1830. Received the title for distinguished military service on January 1. January 7. Kazi. See Murli. MURID HAIDAR KHAN walad IMAM . Residence : Hyderabad. See Sheopal Singh. at the time when Jam Sams was ruler of Sind. 1898. MURDHAN SAH (of Barha). Rdjd. Mir. MUNRAM SINGH. Sind. MURARMAU. The title is personal. December 18. The Jam is the Chief of the Jokia clan of Baluchis. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation {see Khairpur). Central Provinces. 1869.

Muhabat Jang. G. Received the title on January 2. The Nawab Bahadur's full titles are — Ihtisham-ulMulk. 1880. Punjab. received the here- . Nawab Sir Sayyid Hasan All Khan Bahadur. the present Nawab. b. Is the eldest son of the late Muntazim-ulMulk.BAKHSH KHAN. MURSAN. which is a branch of the Rind Baluchis. 1846. the Malik has sanads of the Emperors Aurangzeb and Muhammad Shah in which this title is used. The title has been continued for life. 1882. Residence : Lucknow. Amir-ul-Umara.. G. Residence : Karachi. Is an Honorary Magistrate.C. See Ghansham Singh. Sind. Lala.C. Nawdb Bahadur of Murshidabad. and was conferred on August 16. MURLI DHAR.I. Nawab Sir Sayyid Hasan Ali Khan Bahadur. Muhabat Jang. Rdjd of. Sind. 1821. Mir. MURSHEOABAD. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). Rais-ud-Daula. for services rendered to Government during the Mutiny and in the Bhutan war. 1899. Mulk or Malik.E.E. Nussat Jang. The title is hereditary. Is the Chief of the Kalmati clan. Nawdb Bahadur of. Behar. b. Nawab Sayyid Mansur Ali Khan Bahadur. Rai Bahadur. MURLI MANOHAR. Oudh. The title is personal. about the year 1851. last titular Nawab Nazim and Subahdar of Bengal. and Orissa. MURID KHAN. The late Nawab Nazim resigned his position and titles on November 1. Rai Saheb.. Residence : Shikarpur. Mohsin-ud-Daula. Belongs to a Kshatriya family. His eldest son. August 25.I. b. Residence : Ambala. Faridun Jah.

Midnapur. In May 1887 he was granted the khilat or style of Ihtisham-ul-Mulk. Nawdb Sir Sayyid Hasan Ali Khan Ba- 204 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA hadur. 1891. In February 1887 he received the dignity of Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Purneah. Maldah. 1891. dated February 17. This arrangement was confirmed and validated by the Council of His Excellency the Viceroy and GovernorGeneral. Muhabat Jang. 1880 . with a settled income. Rangpur. Amir-ul-Umara. Patna. and received in return a fixed hereditary position. of 1891. with the hereditary title. and was promoted to be a Knight Grand Commander of the same Most Eminent Order in May 1890. Hughli. Calcutta. Rais-ud-Daula. 1882. passed on March 21. Dacca. Birbhum. by Act XV. in addition to that of Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad. On March 12.ditary title of Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad by a sanad. and with the family estates in the districts of Murshidabad. Rajsbahi. the Nawab Bahadur confirmed the act of his father of November 1. of Amir-ulUmara. This arrangement confirmed to the Nawab Bahadur the rank and dignity of Premier Noble of the Provinces under the LieutenantGovernor of Bengal. The Nawab Bahadur has five sons — (1) Asaf Kadr Sayyid Wasif . and the Santal-Parganas attached to the title of Nawab Bahadur in tail male. by an Indenture entered into between the Secretary of State for India in Council and himself.

1875 .M.B. who was married to Fatima. Nawab Nazim of Bengal. 1885. His descendants were for some time rulers of the province of Yemen in Arabia. Mir Jafar himself was at first Commander-in-Chief to . Najafi Khan. The motto is " Nil Desperandum. was Governor of the fortress of Gwalior . was key-holder to the tomb of Ali at Najaf . and still holds. born January 7. Behar. The crest is a Zulfikdr (sword of theKhalif Ali) proper. One of his uncles. was Subahdar of Cuttack. who became. 1883 . eldest son of Ali. (5) Sayyid Mohsin Ali Mirza. Sayyid Husain Najafi. and from this Ibrahim are derived the Murshidabad family. Subsequently a descendant. bom April 26. daughter of Hussain Ali's youngest son. and another. A grandson of Hasan Massanna and Fatima Soghra was called Ibrahim Taha-Tahaie ("the pure. One branch of the descendants of this marriage has held for several centuries. the cousin and successor of the Prophet. Hasan Massanna. The grandfather of Mir Jafar had married a niece of the Emperor Aurangzeb. left a son. and Orissa. born November 18. and his grandson was Mir Jafar. a dolphin proper above a cheval regardant. the office of Grand Sharif of Mecca. born March 15.Ali Mirza. (4) Sayyid Yakub Ali Mirza. born June 9." " the unsullied ") . (3) Sayyid Asaf Ali Mirza. (2) Iskandar Kadr Sayyid Nasir Ali Mirza. on the fall of Nawab Suraj-ud-Daula. The supporters are the lion and the unicorn. who married Fatima Soghra. Below the shield the monogram N. Najaf Khan." The Nawab Bahadur is descended both from the Prophet and also from Ali. the Prophet's daughter. Hasan. The family arms adopted by the Nawab are — argent. 1876 . also proper. 1881.

a full-length portrait of His Majesty. MTJRTAZA HUSAIN (of Bhilwal). Wala Jah. he married. but again came into power after a few months. in 1825. Residence: The Palace. Ali Jah. the Nawab Shah Khanum. in 1793. the father of the present Nawab. Murshidabad. who was the last Nawab Nazim of Bengal. and continued on the Masnad till 1765. Mubarak-ud-Daula. The grandfather of the present Nawab Bahadur received from His Majesty King William IV. Mubarak-ud-Daula was succeeded by his son.the Nawab Nazim Ali Vardi Khan. brotherin-law of Ali Vardi Khan. Najm-ud-Daula. and the dignity of the Grand Cross of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order with the Insignia. Mir Najm was succeeded in 1766 by his brother. He was succeeded. Humayun Jah. in 1770. MTJRWARA . This Prince was succeeded in 1838 by his son. Thdkur of. when he was succeeded by his son. after the victory at Plassey in 1757. and was succeeded by his grandson Nawab Suraj-ud-Daula in 1756. In 1760 he was set aside for a short time in favour of his son-in-law. and Orissa. Bengal. Behar. in 1821 . whose sister. and Wala Jah by his son. Nasir-ul-Mulk. by Mir Jafar. and he by another brother. the late Faridun Jah Sayyid Mansur Ali. Mir Kasim. See Mustafa Husain. See Ram Datt. a minor son of Mir Jafar. The Nawab Ali Vardi Khan became Subahdar in 1740. in 1810. Ali Jah was followed by his brother. The portrait of His Majesty is one of the chief ornaments at the Palace at Murshidabad. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA . and this Nawab by his son. Nawab Saif-ud-Daula.

b. The agreement of 1796. amongst whom the next eldest male is always the heir-apparent. a Musalman Minister of the Kolathiii Raja of Malabar. Madras.jas or Sea-Kings of Malabar and the adjacent islands. under which the succession is with the offspring of its female members. 1870. by which the family came under British control. and settled at Subeha. Sultan (of Cannanore). though Muhammadans. 1830. October 31. said to have been founded by Mamali Kidavi. follow the Marumakkatayam law of inheritance general among the Hindu Rajas of Malabar. who was appointed the "Ali Raja" — or SeaKing of the Laccadives and adjacent islands — by the Cherakal Raja. having been so since the time of the Emperor Shah Jahan in 1616 a.d. Chaudhri. the Raja of Cannanore being the representative of the old Moplah Ali R&amp. accompanied the Sayyid Salar to Oudh. Belongs to a Musalman family whose ancestors.. In 1616 a.d.205 MUSA. Residence: Malabar. Raja . a female member of the family. It is remarkable that the family. b. The title is hereditary. who assigned him a residence at Cannanore. Ali Raja. The present Sultan Ali Ra ja succeeded his predecessor under this law on November 15. MUSTAFA HUSAIN (of Bhilwal). 1849. MUSSAMAT— A prefix. Khwaja Bahram and Khwaja Nizam. and recognized by the British Government in 1877. The title is hereditary. was signed by the Bibi. Shaikh Nasir was appointed . Belongs to a Moplah (Muhammadan) family.

Rao Saheb. Was appointed a Deputy Collector in 1859. Principal Sadr Amin. 1872. who is the nephew of the late Chaudhri. He has a son and heir named Mujtaba Husain.. Residence : Madras. of Madras University. 1878. Residence : Subeha. 1832. Fellow of the Madras University. born in 1874. Bara Banki. and was conferred on January 1. 1883. who had succeeded his father-in-law Chaudhri Lutf-ulla. Judge of the Court of Small Causes. 1871. 1868 . MUTHUSWAMI PILLAI.Chaudhri of Subeha by the Empress Shah Jaham.L. In 1792 Chaudhri Imam Bakhsh largely increased the possessions of the family. The title is personal. MUTHUSWAMI AIYAR. Police Magistrate. Oudh. Sarddr of. On his death there was protracted litigation as to the succession . MUSTAMH) KHAN BAHADUR. C. See Tilak Singh. See Muhammad Zakar Ali. CLE. Mussamat Bichan-un-Nisa. in recognition of his distinguished services in the Judicial Service. b. ultimately the estates were divided between the widow of Sarafaz Ahmad. The title . Chaudhri Sarfaraz Ahmad. Is a B. T. See Adinarayana. MUSTAFABAD.. MUZAFFAR BAKHT. was invested with the special powers of an Assistant Collector. and the present Chaudhri. 1865 . In 1860. Puisne Judge of the Madras High Court of Judicature. 1890. Created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Residence: Madras. MUTLUR. Mirza.

as the courtesy title of one of the great-grandsons of the Prince Mirza Jahandar Shah. Mir. Residence : Lower Zhob. MUZAFFAR HUSAIN KHAN icalad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. the heir-apparent of the Emperor Shah Alam.E. Received the title on January 2. 1897. Waliwal. C. Sind. 206 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA MUZAFFAR. The title has been continued for life. Deccan. KHAN. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire for distinguished military services on June 1. Residence : Shikarpur. Mirza. Sarddr Bahadur. Khan Saheb. MUZAFFAR KHAN. . Marwal (Malik of Wall). Punjab. the last independent Mughal Emperor of Delhi. who was the brother of Mahmud Jan." The Mirza Muzaffar Bakht is a first cousin of Mirza Muhammad Sayyid Bakht.Bannu. see the account under the heading "Muhammad Sayyid Bakht.is personal. The title was conferred on June 22. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). MUZAFFAR KHAN. 1899.I. For the family history. Kazi. Holds the rank of Risaldar-Major in Her Majesty's Army. Residence: Wali. Residence: Hyderabad. North-Western Provinces. Residence : Benares. Khan Saheb. 1888. being the elder son of Zafar Bakht.

Mating. See Malliem.T. MYO.M. It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. Burma. 1899. 1898. Maung. Residence: Tharrawadi. Burma. for good service in the Customs Department. Maung. 1891. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Seim of. It means " Recipient of the Medal of Honour. 1890. Burma.MTJZHAR ALI. The title is personal. The title is personal. It means " Recipient of the Medal of . after the name. and was conferred on January 1.D. The title is personal. after the name. Thuye gaung ngxoe Da ya Min. 1888. after the name. and was conferred on May 24. Residence: Berbera. Burma. Myitkyina. Maung. after the name." and is indicated by the letters A. MY AT THA. MY AT SAN. Residence : Rangoon. Received the title on January 2." and is indicated by the letters T.M." and is indicated by the letters A.M. and was conferred on January 1. and was conferred on January 1. Maung. and was conferred on June 1. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. Residence : Myingyan. Khan Saheb. The title is personal. The title is personal.M. MYLLIEM.D.T. 1892. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. Myook. It means " Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery. Residence : Mogaung. Residence: Chindwin." and is indicated by the letters T. Mating. It means " Recipient of the Medal of Honour. 1889. MY AT THA GYAW. MY AT PIT. MYAT TUN AUNG. Burma. Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min. The title (see above) was conferred on January 1.

One of his descendants. after the name. and one of the Premier Princes of the Empire . appear to have settled in the Ashtagrain division of the Mysore dominions towards the close of the 14th century. and was then succeeded by his son.Honour. and was given the name of Mahesh-uru. is said to have been .T. His Highness Maharaja Krishnaraja Wadiar Bahadur." ana is indicated by the letters A. Here Bettud Chamraj. from Mahesh-asura. The younger. 1884. and one of them married the daughter of the local palegdr or Baron of the village of Hadanaru. These Rajas were called Wadidrs or Wodeydrs of Mysore — Wodeydr being a plural or honorific form of Odeya. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor on the decease of his late distinguished father. named Yedu Raya.. the Maharaja Sir Chamarajendra Wadiar Bahadur.S. Kanarese for " lord. MYSORE. Of these. the buffalo-headed demon destroyed by the goddess Kali. and the six-fingered Raja's son was Here Bettud Chamraj II. A ruling chief. two brothers.C. Belongs to a Rajput (Kshatriya Hindu) family.d. Bole Chamraj. June 4. and by this means established his rule in those parts. b. to 1422." Here Bettud Chamraj was succeeded by his two sons in turn. in allusion to a physical peculiarity . named Vijayaraj and Krishnaraj. in whose time the fort of Mysore was built on the site of a village formerly called Puragere. ruled over Mysore from 1399 a. G. Residence : Rangoon. The grandson of the latter was a Raja named Here (or Arberal) Chamraj — arberal meaning six-fngered.I. Buffalo-town. Burma.M. whose ancestors came to the south in very early times from Dwarka in Kathiawar. Mahdrdjd of.

been subverted by the alliance of the Muhammadan Chiefs of the Deccan. for during this period the famous Muhammadan Haidar Ali rose to power. His adopted son was Hadinente Tingal Chamraj.jd as a puppet-prince." The long reign of Chikka Krishnaraj. so that Raj Wadiar of Mysore and his descendants. Raj Wadiar. in 1588. having obtained possession of the important strategical position of Seringapatam. because he had been made bald by a stroke of lightning. The great Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar on the Tungabhadra had previously.named Dole. from 1734 to 1765.j&amp. Dodda Krishnar&amp. was hardly more than nominal. rapidly increased their power and THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 207 extended their dominions. where the family ultimately became extinct . Tippu Sultan. immensely increased the Mysore . and ultimately became the sovereign of Mysore. and in the year 1609-10 he seized the strong fortress of Seriugapatam. Chikka Krishnaraj — Chikka means " Junior. His grandson. He reigned from 1578 to 1616. formerly held by a lieutenant of the Kings of Vijayanagar. and the descendants of the Vijayanagar dynasty had taken refuge at Penuakonda. This process of aggrandizement continued down to the time of the R&amp. or The Da Id. and was succeeded by his adopted son. retaining the Mahar&amp. and those of his even more famous son. ninth Raja of Mysore. who died in 1733. who reigned from 1713 to 1730." or «• The Less. was the greatest and most successful of all these early Wadiars. Haidar's splendid military powers.j.

1865. The adoption was sanctioned by the Government of India in April 1867 . the State was successfully administered by a Diw&amp. an infant son of Chamraj.rd Krishnaraj terminated by the British Government assuming the direct administration of the country in 1831. and made the State the greatest in Southern India. Of the Mahar&amp. fell into disorder after the retirement of Purnaiya . and when the British Government resolved that Mysore should revert to the control of the family of its ancient rulers. a Brahman statesman of great ability. The affairs of the State. a scion of the Bettada Kote branch of the royal house. in order to retain the shadow of a Hindu dynasty. the famous Purnaiya.n or Prime Minister. who nominally succeeded him. who was the third son of Chikka Krishna Araso.jd adopted as a son and successor the young prince. and the other died childless. Chamraj had died in captivity ..r&amp. was placed on the gadi. by name Krishnaraj. from 1799 to 1810. On June 18.jd as the titular sovereign. and the misgovernment of the Mahaj&amp. retaining the Mah&amp. During the minority of the Maharajd Krishnaraj. the late Mahar&amp. The young MaharaVja proved himself in every way so deserving of the position that in 1881 it was resolved that the sovereign power should be restored to . however. the late MaMrajd Ch&amp.ja Chikka Krishnaraj 's two sons. permitted the third wife of Chikka Krishnaraj to adopt a young kinsman named Chamraj.ma Rajendra Wadia&gt.dominions. and its rulers the most formidable potentates in the whole country. and on the death of the Maharaja Krishnaraj in 1868 the late Maharaja was duly installed in his place as titular sovereign. one was strangled by orders of the Sultan. Not long before the fall of Tippu and the conquest of Seringapatam by the British in 1799. Haidar then.

n or Prime Minister of His Highness.L.S. has been maintained and improved. in public instruction. and aided by the able Prime Minister.I.the sovereign title.S.C. its general advance in prosperity under the Mah&amp. K.raja's rule has been marvellous. that of Her Highness the Mahar&amp. (q. Sir K. The subsequent history of the Mahdr&amp. and on March 25 in that year the "Rendition" — the term has become historical — was carried out by the installation of the Maharajd as a Ruling Chief. Mr. Notwithstanding that the State has been devastated by one of the most terrible famines ever known — that of 1877-78 — and by several very serious droughts. K. when the British Chief Commissioner handed over his office to the Diw&amp." The good administration of the country. in the collection and expenditure of the revenue. by His Excellency the present Prime Minister.).raj&amp.I. British as well as feudatory.. who had so long possessed the confidence of the late Mah&amp. — abundantly justified the " Rendition.v. His Highness had the advantage of being assisted by several Indian statesmen of the first rank and the highest abilities .ni-Regent.j&amp. very fortunately . In all the ordinary duties of an Indian Government — in the administration of justice. C. Rangacharlu — who was himself an administrator of no mean power — having been taken.'s rule — and since His Highness's lamented death. in the protection afforded to life and property.C. which had been firmly established under the rule of Sir Mark Cubbon and his successors as Chief Commissioners of Mysore. Sheshadri Iyar. His Excellency Sir Sheshadri Iyar. in public works — it is admitted that the Government of . by whose aid the Maharaja attained an administrative success not surpassed in any part of the Indian Empire. the place of the late Diwan. acting for the youthful Maharajii. in sanitation.

and . in the encouragement of mining and other in- 208 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA dustries.Mysore can compare not unfavourably with that of the Provinces under direct British rule. largely from Professors of their own sex and rank in life — undoubtedly represents by far the most successful attempt that India has seen to put the ladies of India on the same intellectual level with their husbands and brothers. was in 1890 made elective. which was instituted some years ago as a body nominated by the Maharaja. In regard to local self-government. The famous school at Mysore city that is known as " Her Highness the Maharani's High-Caste Girls' School" — in which 400 girls belonging to the families of highest caste in Mysore receive a liberal education. in female education. The expenditure on railways in this State in the year 1891 was nearly 3. and in the fostering of habits of local self-government among the people — it is held by many (and apparently with some reason) that the State of Mysore is ahead of most of the rest of India.000 rupees.000." with which the Diwan every year takes counsel. the "Representative Assembly of Mysore. in precautions against famine. In some highly important respects — in the development of communications. while the Principality is being opened out in every direction by railways under State control or with State encouragement. The success of the goldmining of Kolar is perhaps due as much to the wise and liberal laws which regulate it as to the richness of the district in the precious metal .

His Highness asks me to take this opportunity publicly to acknowledge the expressions of warm gratitude which have reached him from all sides for the privilege of election granted last year. and the Commercial interests of the State. thus commented on the results of the change: — " By command of His Highness the Maharaja. but it is most gratifying to His Highness that. the Industrial. in the very first year of its existence. which meets here to-day for the first time under the election system sanctioned last year. when His Highness was pleased to grant the valued privilege of election. he was not without some misgiving as to how the experiment would succeed . to exercise the privilege with so much judgment and sense of responsibility as to send to this Assembly men in every way qualified to speak on their behalf. in a reputation for prudent and far-sighted philanthropy. and the intellect of the country should have already taken so much interest in the working of the scheme augurs well for the future of the Institution. Last year. though unused to the system. Those measures were described fairly and minutely by the Prime Minister in his Address to the Representative Assembly on October 4. in the following words : — " Before I proceed to take up the various departments of the State." But it is in measures for the prevention and the relief of famines that tbe Government of Mysore has earned its best and most enduring laurels. the electoral body has been able.the Prime Minister in his Address to the Assembly in 1891. I have much pleasure in welcoming you to this Assembly. You come here as the duly elected Representatives of the Agricultural. the industry. 1892. you will naturally . That men representing the capital.

owing both to the local failure of crops and to large exports to neighbouring Madras districts. A few showers which came later on permitted of the sowing of the ordinary dry crops in most taluks. Tumkur. But by November it was evident that the north-east monsoon too had failed. One of the first things to attract my attention was the insufficient supply of food grains at the various local markets. Chitaldroog. and chiefly to inspire the people with confidence alike in the famine policy of the Government and in the method proposed for carrying it out. These soon began to fade from insufficient moisture. In the beginning of December. — . and altogether there was every indication of an impending distress of a very aggravated type. partly in expectation of a further rise in price and partly from fear of thefts and robberies. It was evident that owners were holding back their stocks. and Bangalore. In the Maidan parts of the Mysore and Hassan districts the south-west monsoon was so scanty and precarious that the early dry crops were completely lost. and that the general out-turn of dry crops would not be much above a four-anna average in most taluks. and towards the end of November the price of food grains began to rise rapidly. but also to organize the relief measures required for the different tracts. by command of His Higlmess the Maharaja. and had in consequence to defer the preparation of land for cultivation much beyond the usual season. except in a few scattered favourable situations. The northern and eastern districts did not get any of the early rains. Kolar. The failure of fodder was widespread. with the small exception of our Malnad Taluks. I started on a tour through the worst taluks of the districts of Mysore. The tanks had received no water. has recently passed. My immediate object was not only to ascertain by personal observation the actual condition of the country and the requirements of the people. and wet cultivation under them could not be attempted. The rain which fell towards the end of September raised hopes of a favourable change in the season.expect me to say a few words regarding the severe drought through which the whole of the Province.

In the other districts this class of cultivation was not nearly so successful. were thrown open for the free use of the raiyats' cattle. Local merchants were duly apprised of the preparedness of the Government to meet THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA any local insufficiency by import of grain from outside the Province. About 10. as well as a large number of Amrut Mahal Kavals.so fruitful a source of waste and loss during the previous famine.500 acres of tank-bed were thus brought under cultivation. the aggregate value of the crops thus raised is estimated at over Rs. In the Tumkur district. and there was heard afterwards no complaint of insufficient supply at any local market. tank-beds which were fast becoming dry were ordered to be leased for cultivation on very favourable terms. The total area of grazing land thus made available to the public was 1600 square . where the cultivation was timely and extensive. and for their safe and ready consignment by the railway. To meet the serious want of fodder which was apprehended.90.000. all State forests and plantations. With the object of raising quickgrowing dry crops likely to yield an early supply of food and fodder. The crops raised were generally Bengal-gram and jolam. Another matter which I found necessary to impress upon local officers early in my tour was the need of the greatest economy in the use of the available supply of water in tanks. without any restrictions as to the taluks or districts from which they might come. These measures tended to make prices more uniform and steady throughout the Province. I accordingly lost no time in arranging for due police protection of grain in transit and at places of storage. while at the same time the prices of food grains obtaining at the several weekly santes or markets in the interior were ascertained and regularly published as a stimulus to local trade.

The works tlms selected were ' minor tanks. such as improvement of village sanitation. the Madigars. Its execution was entrusted to the hereditary village Patel. was the scheme of relief upon which His Highness's Government chiefly relied. the Holiyars. These works were also of special local utility. Raiyats were also further permitted to cut and remove tender date-leaves for use as fodder. the landless field labourers. With this object in view. and it is reported to have been used for grazing nearly 519. It was believed they and their families could live upon comparatively small wages if these could be earned near their own villages. In devising our scheme of Relief Works my chief aim was to afford the poorer agriculturists. etc. and for execution within each such circle some suitable work or works were selected. in brief outline. take care of the infirm and young dependent upon them. To meet the rare cases in which such minor tanks were not available. look after their cattle and other property.' whether yielding revenue or not. The improvement of such tanks was of such vital importance to the villagers as a body that there was every guarantee that the grants given for it would be properly applied. planting of topes in villages and round the fringe of the waterspread of the bigger tanks. within a radius of three or four miles.. 000 head of cattle. so as to leave no inhabited "village without the means of earning fair wages. for in such a case they would be able to return to their homes at the end of each day's work. Such. as also to provide work near villages after completion of the tanks taken up. the means of earning a sufficient livelihood near their own homes. and some good return shown for the money spent. a programme of works of a supplementary character was got ready. a privilege which was eagerly availed of in most taluks of Tumkur and Chitaldroog.miles. every affected taluk was divided into a number of small circles. etc. for it . and receive from their neighbours any additional help they might require.

besides a number of old wells which required deepening. calculated to irrigate 5252 acres. but under the same agency and serving the same object as those works. were the drinking-water wells. A system of periodical inspection and general control by the Shekdar and Amildar was established. owing to the scarcity of good drinking water which existed in most places. They were all works of permanent utility. the employment of local labour on private works on a large scale was established by the grant of Government loans to landholders for special permanent improvement of their lands. 000 (chiefly from local funds) had been sanctioned. Chitaldroog. showed themselves fully equal to the high responsibility thus placed upon them. with due regard to local circumstances. There were in hand 850 such wells. from the Patel to the District Officer. and the distrust which raiyats at first evinced towards a new measure of this kind soon gave place to an eager desire to secure the loans. but were of special immediate value. Besides the regular relief works. 000 for 917 kapile and 530 yatam wells. and that the scheme of relief planned was carried out with complete success in every affected part. for which a total grant of Rs. The most important of this class of works were the irrigation wells under the scheme I described to you last year. The loans sanctioned aggregated Rs. The working of the scheme in each of the districts of Kolar. Another important class of works for which Government loans were given was the con- . 138. I am able to bear testimony to the fact that the entire Executive. principally new wells undertaken wherever most needed. The number of applications received was so numerous that the grants had to be confined to localities where provision for employment of labour was most needed. 280.was deemed safer to rely upon the autonomy of the village than upon paid agency from outside. Tumkur. and wide discretion given to district officers as regards the details of execution. and Bangalore was entrusted to a special officer in subordination to the Deputy Commissioner. In addition to works under direct Government agency.

and the weaker members have died. During P 210 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA the past season loans to the extent of Rs. We have found them far more effective for real relief than large central works under professional agency. not because they are not in need of employment. and special encouragement afforded for the construction and improvement of these most useful private works by a system of Government loans. A few loans were granted also to enable Inamdars to repair their tanks. where much of the dry cultivation depends upon the retention of moisture under these kattes. and their sufficiency for purposes of relief is proved by the fact that nearly 2400 of them could not be completed during the past season. and themselves reduced to a famished condition. It is well known that before their cattle are lost. both Government and private. the people do not quit their homes. especially in the Chitaldroog district. That order was accordingly withdrawn.21. about 2900 were in actual execution in the affected tracts. for previous experience had shown that in the earlier stages of famine the people can never be induced to leave their homes in quest of employment on distant works. The restriction placed upon the construction and improvement of these kattes by an order of 1873 was felt as a great hardship. Our main anxiety was to avoid the necessity for concentrating large numbers upon distant works. but because they are bound to their homes by ties they are unable to sever. Of works referred to above.175 were sanctioned for 251 such works. . They had the effect of keeping the people employed near their own homes. which when completed will benefit 5069 acres.struction and repair of Saguvali kattes.

and the balance is under process of realization. however.300. to be resold when the demand became re-established. Melkote. the Government eventually adopted the system of purchase proposed by Mr. Besides placing the means of earning wages within the ready reach of the general population.000 weavers.580 has already been recovered by the resale of cloths purchased.P. Another class for whom special relief was . It was in operation at Bangalore. always the first to suffer on every occasion of widespread scarcity and high prices. The final net expenditure is expected to be trifling compared with the large numbers relieved. Dodballapur. A sum of Rs. The Sahukars were paid a small commission. In Bangalore city alone the relief thus given extended to 4000 looms with 10. and other weaving centres.and when eventually compelled to take this step they are so demoralized that they are more likely to wander about aimlessly than to settle down on distant works under a strange agency. the demand for whose manufactures had all but disappeared owing to the high prices of grain which prevailed. Kolar. Under this system the Government made advances of money to local Sahukars of standing for purchasing on behalf of Government the entire produce of the looms at the market value. After much consideration of alternative measures. Madhava Rao for the Bangalore district. This system was the means of affording efficient relief to the industrious weaving class. Relief Works for possible resort in the event of the distress being unusually prolonged. Molkalmuru. 85. and in return they guaranteed the full recoupment of the advances made. The advances made amounted to Rs.34. The most important among them were the weavers. including commission and other charges. We had. ready at hand a programme of D. we adopted several measures for the relief of special classes.W. But happily we had no occasion to do more in this direction than expand the ordinary Public Works in some of the affected tracts. Anekal.

which has to be continued till the next harvest.484 Muhammadans and 29. Compensation for dearness of gram had to be given to the Silledars.found necessary were the minor village servants — the Madiga. It will probably have to be continued till the next gram harvest. gangmen. His Highness the Maharaja . A number of Holeyars and Madigars were given employment in the collection of Tangadi bark in the Kolar district. and about equal to that of Portugal. and one-half of the quit-rent on all Service Inam lands of the minor village servants." The area of the State is 24. on relief works under execution. Others not so employed were paid wages as work-overseers. and of bamboos lor the Government depots in that and the Mysore district. and much of this will have to be remitted eventually.8000. were paid a monthly salary of Rs.249 Christians. and the Mohatarfa house-tax of the poorer landless classes. The total of remissions thus given amounts to about four lakhs.186. Eight hundred and fifty-one of them.3 each as a temporary measure. A moiety of the Potgi allowances of village officers was ordered to be paid on application before the date on which they are payable. etc. etc. but including 200. With the arrangements made for the relief of general and special classes. Further relief was given by the remission of one-half of the assessment on all wet lands under tanks which lay waste or could only be culivated with dry crops. which is more than double the population of Norway. employed in watching Ukkads or Police outposts and doing quasi Police duties. Its population is 4. chiefly Hindus. except to a very insignificant extent.. six lakhs of revenue had to be postponed. gratuitous relief was found to be unnecessary. the Toti.709 square miles.188. the Talavar. which is more than double the combined area of Switzerland and Saxony. The contributions from villagers oh which they generally subsist cease during every season of a general failure of crops. Besides this. amounting up to the end of June to over Rs.

His Highness is entitled to a salute of 21 guns.S. Residences : The Palace. The Raja of Nabha is descended from Tiloka. the eldest son of Phul . and 10 guns. carrying an antelope's head. Supporters. See Nava. 1871. sable..maintains a military force of 1173 cavalry. which was unfurled at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. G. b. Nabha Bhadaur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. 3425 infantry. — 'A lion passant. 1877. beaked and THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 211 armed or.C. Utakamand. A ruling chief . besides an Imperial Service Corps for the special service of frontier defence. Mysore . whose great-grandson. from its founder Phul. Hamir . were — Arms. The Palace. Crest. January 1. NABHA. Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi June 9. all proper. armed and unguled or. known as the Phulkian family.I. elephantheaded tigers. NABA. which has given ruling families to Patiala. Belongs to the great Sidhu Jat family.— Satvas (yali). Maiwandar Bahadur. The arms displayed on the banner of the Maharaja of Mysore. — Murrey (the Indian Bhagwd) % a garur berunda (sacred double-headed eagle) displayed aryeut. etc. 1843. His Highness Farzand-iArjumand Akidat Paiwand Daulat-iInglishia Barar Bans Sarmur Raja Sir Hira Singh. Bangalore . and other Punjab States. Jind.

Hira Singh (then a jdgirddr of Jind. Raja Bhagwan Singh. and was consequently deposed.682 Sikhs and 50. Raja Devendra Singh. Jind. On the occasion of the Proclamation of Har Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of Iudia in 1877. chiefly Hindus. By the sanad of May 5. and his son. a successor to his Raj should be chosen by the other two Chiefs from among the descendants of Phul. the Muhammadan Viceroy. was selected and placed on the gadi. During the Mutiny of 1857 Raja Bharpur Singh rendered most valuable services. 178 Muhammadans. pensioned.Singh. was slain. The area of the State is 928 square miles . it had been provided that if either of the three great Phulkian Princes (Patiala. he was granted an addition to his titles. and an increase of his salute from 11 to 13 guns. as a personal distinction. neglected to furnish supplies to the British troops during the first Sikh war in 1845. and was rewarded with a large increase of territories. as a mark of independence. its population 261. consequently. on the death of Raja Bhagwan Singh in 1871. but his son. but including 77. founded the town of Nabha in 1755 a. Raja Bharpur Singh.824. Nabha) died without heirs. the present Raja. In 1808-9 the State came under British control.d. He joined the Sikh Chiefs in the great battle of Sirhind. and established a mint at Nabha. and granted the privilege of adoption. in the time of Rajd Jaswant Singh. He was succeeded by his brother. who died without issue in 1871. 1860. installed in his place. but a scion of the family of Tiloka). He has been created a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. His Highness maintains a military . when Zain Khan.

force of 366 cavalry. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). The title has been continued for life. Mahdmahopddhydya. Sind. The title is personal. The title was conferred for eminence in Oriental learning. 1898. Trichinopoly. and was conferred on June 9. see also Pirthi Singh. Residence : Kumbhakonam. Mirza. Madras. Mahdmahopddhydya. See Ishri Singh. NADATHUR SRIMAT SUNDRA RAJAGHARIAR. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns (including 4 personal guns). NADAUN. 1883. Bombay. The title is personal. NADADUR. Residence : Nabha. NADATHUR SRIRANGACHARYA SWAMI. The title was conferred for eminence in Oriental learning on May 21. Received the title for eminence in oriental learning. Residence : Madras. Residence : Srirangam. NADIR BAKHT. 1899. Punjab. 1253 infantry. NADAUN. NABI BAKHSH KHAN walad SHER MUHAMMAD (of Nurpur). and also Sher Singh. NABHULAL NANHALAL. See Narindar Chand. Mian of. on June 22. NADATHUR SALAGOPACHARIAR. Madras. Residence : Ahmadabad. Mahdmahopddhydya. See Nadathur. and 18 guns. Residence : Hyderabad. being the courtesy title of a descendant of Prince Mirza Jahandar . 1897. Rao Saheb. J^r. on June 3. Rdjd of.

and was succeeded by his son. b. the present Raja. Balbhadra Singh. 1855.v. See Khitish. Residence: Benares. The Mirza is a brother of the Mirza Muzaffar Bakht (q. the last independent Mughal Emperor of Delhi. He died in 1874. his son. and they are both first cousins of Mirza Muhammad Sayyid Bakht. Raja Jadubind Singh. The State has an . Raghubind. and the honour of a salute. ruled at Nagod for the last 900 years. and was rewarded by the grant of exteuded territories. He was succeeded in 1818 by his son.). December 30. The Mirza is one of the sons of the late Mirza Zafar Bakht. but in 1809 the Raja Lai Sheoraj Singh obtained a sanad direct from the British Government. which has. succeeding as a minor. under the 212 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA heading of whose name will be found an account of the descent of this family. NADIYA. Mahdrdjd Bahadur of. The State was at one time feudatory to Panna. heir-apparent to Shah Alam. Raj&amp. North-Western Provinces. the right of adoption. A ruling chief . Rdjd of. 1874. who have lived peacefully at Benares under the protection of the British Power since 1788. Belongs to a Pharihar Rajput family.Shah. Succeeded to the gadi June 12. through many vicissitudes. who was deposed in 1831. NAGOD. Raja Raghubind Singh rendered good service during the Mutiny of 1857.

with a Hindi motto. Belongs to a Dawa Ahir family. October 28. 1867. he received a sanad from the British Government in 1807. NAGOJI RAO. but including 7965 belonging to aboriginal tribes. was originally a Sardar of Jaitpur. b. The banner of the family is yellow. Rao of. He died in 1808. See Naigaon. His Highness the Rdjd of. NAHIL. See Kunathamakor. The Raja maintains a military force of 6 cavalry. meaning "Faithful in perilous times. Rdjd of. . but having possessed himself of the territory of Naigaon Ribai. the late Kunwar Jagat Singh. and is entitled to a salute • of 9 guns. Central India. A ruling chief.629. See Sirmur. bearing a trisul or sacred trident on the field . NAIGAON. The Thakurain maintains a military force of 6 cavalry." Residence: Nagod.area of 450 square miles. and 4 guns. Rao Bahddur. Residence : Naigaon Ribai. 116 infantry. chiefly Hindus. Jdgirddrin of. See Dal Singh. The area of the State is about 8 square miles . its population 3365. NAIGAON RIBAI. and 1 gun. Succeeded to the gadi on the death of her late husband. NAHAN. Bundelkhand. and was succeeded by his son. Kunwar Jagat Singh. and a population of 79. Baghelkhand. NAIGAWAN. 1839. Central India. father of the late Thakur. Thakurain Larai Dulaya. 51 infantry. chiefly Hindus. Lachman Singh. confirming him in the possession. See Umrao Singh. Kunathamakor.

Rdjd of. Srimanta Rai. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. Residence: Conjeveram. Bengal. Belongs to a family claiming descent from Vishnu Das Hazra. Residence : Oudh. See Muhammad. Khdn Bahadur. Rdjd of . NAJAF KHAN. The title was conferred on October 8. 1858. who was settled in Jessore district. The title is personal.NAJAF All KHAN walad ALI AKBAR KHAN. Muhammad Dilawar. as a personal distinction. His son. ninth Raja of Naldanga. Sind. Succeeded his father. December 22. 1852. Mirza Bahadur. in 1871. Raja Pramada Bhusan Deb Rai. Oudh. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). in the beginning of the 16fch century. Raja Indu Bhusan Deb Rai. Mir. NALDANGA. in recognition of his position as son-in-law of his late Highness Zahir-ud-daula. Madras. is said to have distinguished himself by slaying a . Khdn Bahadur. 1875. being the courtesy title of a son of a grand-daughter of the late Muhammad Ali Shah. Prince. Residence: Shikarpur. as a minor. Sayyid. King of Oudh. and was conferred on January 1. See Hindur. NALAGARH. Jah. The title has been continued for life. b. NAJM-UD-DIN HUSAIN. Muhammad. b. NAKI All KHAN. Residence : Rai Bareli. NAKI All. walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. The title is personal. Majid-ud-dauld. Mir. 1890. See Muhammad. NAJM-UD-DIN HTJSAIN.

Rain Deb Rai. Mriganka Bhusan Deb Rai. 1885. as a personal distinction. . the fourth.d. and the fifth. Residence : " Hazra Asrama. Jessore.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 213 rebel Pathan Chief. Bengal. and to have obtained for this service from the Subahdar of Bengal a jdgir and the title of "Ranabir Khan.. built a great many Hindu temples. who died in 1656 A. born 1889. Has been appointed Member of the District Board. a crescent moon proper. and consequently obtained the title of Raja from the Emperor Shah Jahan. Surya Narayan Deb Rai. slew the Raja Kedareswar. .d. on June 26. He also founded and maintained a "Higher Class English School. . in 1746 A. The present Raja came of age in December 1879. second Raja. born 1882. The family arms are — argent. died in 1698 A. Has two sons — Pannaga Bhusan Deb Rai. in chief a trident between two crossswords proper." Three generations later Chandi Charan Deb Rai. The third Raja. Indra Narayan.D. and enjoyed the estate as ninth Raja from 1854 to 1871. Krishna Deb Rai. for which he has received the thanks of Government. in 1788 a. His successor. Indu Bhusan Deb Rai. The late Raja. He has established scholarships for Sanskrit learning. and elected a Member of the British Indian Association." and a Dispensary. and received the title. was born in 1836." Naldanga.D. and medals for female education. Jessore . which are still in existence.

NANAK BAKHSH. The title was conferred on May 20. Rao Bahadur. NALINAKSHA BASU (BOSE). which is one of the Mewas States of Khandesh. Residence: Bombay. to which tribe also the Chief belongs. Residence : Burdwan. Khandesh. is Motamidof the Patiala State. Lala. The title was conferred on May 24. is 30 square miles. Bombay. 1889. Rai Bahadur. Residence : Nale. b. . as a personal distinction. A ruling chief . in recognition of the Raja's position as the present representative of the Ramgarh Rajas. Bengal. Residence : Ahmadabad. Residence: Bombay. and was conferred on May 20. NANA M0R0BA.NALE. b. Hazaribagh. NAM NARAYAN SINGH (of Ramgarh). and was conferred on November 1. Khan Bahadur. its population about 300. Rdjd. 1890. and as Chairman of the Burdwan Municipality. Residence: Ramgarh. The area of the State. The title is personal. Bengal. The title is personal. 1890. Chief of. See Ram Krishna. 1860. 1859. Bombay. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1872. Lashkari Kanha Padvi. NANABHAI KAVASJI. NANA BHAYA SAHEB {alias RAM KRISHNA ABAJI). 1836. Residence : Patiala. Rao. NANABHAI M0R0BA. 1899. chiefly Bhils (aborigines). Received the title on January 2. as a personal distinction. in recognition of eminent services as an Honorary Magistrate. Punjab. Rai Bahadur . Rao Saheb.

Chaudhri. Residence : Saharanpur. 1891. Sarddr. Khan Bahadur. and was conferred on May 26. Residence: Rajputana. Pandit. Residence : Baluchistan. NANDA G0PAL BANERJI. Received the title on June 3. Rai Bahadur. NANAK CHAND. Rai Saheb. North-Western Provinces. January 2. Rai Saheb. 1894. Central Provinces. NANAK CHAND. Residence: Punjab. Bengal. Residence : Manbhum. See Kehar Singh. The title is personal. The title was conferred on June 22. Lala. Residence: Kashmir. 1897. NAND LAL KADL. Rai Bahadur. and was conferred on May 30. A ruling chief. 1898.NANAK BAKHSH. 1888. 1893. as a personal distinction. Rai Saheb. Raja Balram T&gt. The title was conferred on May 25. The title is personal. Lala. NAND KISH0R. Title of Raja Bahadur conferred. 1899. Rai Saheb. and was conferred on June 1. as a personal distinction. 1866. Rai Bahadur. Received the title on May 21. Received the title on June 3. NAND SINGH (of Khiva). Punjab. 1899. Residence : Lahore. 1892. Residence: Sagar. Pandit. 214 . NANDGA0N.s i Mahant of. Shaikh. The title is personal. NAND LAL. NAND RAM.a. b.

Residence: Nanke. Rao Bahadur. its population is 16. 1815. Bombay. Thakur. and the title of Mahant has been recognized by the British Government. The late Chief. Central Provinces. The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States of the Burma frontier. NANDSHANKAR TUUASHANKAR. Burma. NANGAON. NANKOK. Maung Kun Kye. Thdkur of. which has an area of about 80 square miles. and a population consisting chiefly of Shans. A . A ruling chief. 1877. "Western Malwa. the present Mahant. Raipur. 1883. Residence: Surat. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Succeeded to the gadi as a minor November 4. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. A ruling chief. Succeeded to the gadi in 1833. Mahant Ghazi Das. Central India. NANKE. but of an order that is allowed by its rules to marry) family. Kun Ion. Zalim Singh. was an able and energetic ruler. chiefly Hindus. The title is personal. and has received the title of Raja as a personal distinction. The area of the State is 155 square miles . Shan States. Residence: Nandgaon. Myoza of. and was conferred on January 1. Belongs to a Bairagi (Hindu of the Ascetic Mendicant caste.764. Ngwegunhmu of. and was succeeded in 1883 by his son. b. The feudal tenure of this State was originally conferred by the Mahratta Raja of Nagpur on his family priest. Residence : Nangaon.

Rdjdof See Jang Bahadur.ruling chief. Burma. Residence: Nankon. 1893. and was conferred on January 1. Shan States. The Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the Shan States. The title is personal. Burma. Burma. Shan States. with an area of about 12 square miles. CLE. January 2. A ruling chief . NANTJ AIYAR BALAKRISHNA. Maung Pyan. Residence: Nankok. Residence : Bombay. through the Garter King of Arms. Residence : Nantok. — Azure. Residence : Pudukotta. Rao Bahadur. NANKON. NANPABA. NANTOK. CLE. Ngwegunhmu of. The Ngwegunhmu is the Chief of one of the Shan States. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. A ruling chief . NA0R0JI NASIRWANJI WADIA. CLE. which has an area of about 30 square miles. a grant of arms. Arms. (of Nanpara). 1889. Rdjd. Burma. The Myoza is Chief of one of the Shan States. 1894. Has received from Her Majesty. Burma. Madras. and a population consisting chiefly of Shans. Maung Kun Pu. NA0R0JI MANIKJI WADIA. Burma. Ngwegunhmu of. May 25. and a population consisting chiefly of Shans. and a population consisting chiefly of Shans. in chief an anvil of the last encircled by two branches of the . on a f esse or. having an area of about 40 square miles. Shan States. Was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.

Residence: Hardoi. gules barbed and seeded between two bees volant of the third. slipped.E. K. Was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire..CI. as a personal distinction. Crest. NA0R0Z KHAN.cotton-tree. Sardar. 1887. Residence : Kharan. NARAND SINGH (of Hardoi). 1890. argent. 1897. CL. December 7. on the occasion of the Jubilee THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 215 . Northwestern Provinces. See Narayan. Residence: Ahmadabad. holding a double-headed hammer. Jalaun. The present Raja inherited it on May 1. Khan Bahadur. The title is personal. The title was conferred on February 16. all proper. h. also proper. Residence: Bombay. proper. and very ancient. Sir (of Kharan). — In front of a sun rising a cubit-arm erect. 1888. Vakil. Rai Bahddur. Rdjd of See Narendra Lai Khan. A. The Khan Bahadur was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1. and was conferred on January 2. The title is hereditary. NARAJOL. NA0R0JI PESTANJI. May 24.E. a rose. Bombay. 1858. NARASIM AIYANGAR. Rdjd. vested above the elbow. and in base a ship under sail at sea. NARAIN. 1888.

The title was conferred on January 1. Residence: Bombay. 1836. See Ranipur. Rai and Rai Bahadur.of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. . 1886. and is famous for the eminent services he has rendered to the cause of Indian education. Rao Bahadur. dating from 1855. Under the sanction and encouragement of His Highness the late Maharaja. August 22. Residence : Berar. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. and in accordance with this plan Her Highness the Maharani's High Caste Girls' School of Mysore is effecting almost a revolution in the standard of education among the ladies of that province. NARAYAN DHANAJIRAO THORAT. Residence : Lucknow. The title is personal. The Rai Bahadur is Judge of the Small Cause Court of Lucknow. the Rai Bahadur has elaborated a plan for the higher education of the women of the upper classes of Mysore which has been remarkably successful. as a personal distinction. and of Her Highness the Maharani Regent of Mysore. Rai Bahadur. Belongs to a distinguished Brahman family. Rai ofNARAYAN BALWANT BHISE. Residence: Mysore. Oudh. The title is personal. Munshi. NARAYAN DAS. 1877. Belongs to an Agarwala family that originally came from Alwar in Rajputana. Rao Bahadur. 1882. and was conferred on January 1. and was conferred on February 10. b. for long and meritorious services rendered to Government. NARAYAN BHAI DUNDEKAR. NARAYAN BALI (of Rampur). and settled at Agra.

Bombay. Bombay. NARAYAN RAGHUNATH G0RAKSHAEAR. Maharaja of Satara. Dinkar Rao. Rao Saheb. Central Provinces. Sholapur. The title was conferred. NARAYAN RAO. and was conferred on . The father of the presem Dinkar Rao was named Dhanaji Tlorat. Belongs to a family claircing descent from Maha Saji Rao. Rao Saheb. Residence : Poona. Krishna Rao. NARAYAN MEGHAJI LOKHANDE. The title is personal. The title is personal. on January 1. NARAYAN KRISHNA (oi Narayanrao Krishnarao). Residence : Sagar. R. Residence : Bombay. Th3 family cognizance or crest is a talvdr or Indian sword.JDinkar Rao. Residence: Bombay. Rao Bahadur. 1896. point to the left. and was conferred on May 10. Retidence : Satara. Received the title on January 2. as a personal distinction.. Rao Saheb. edge upward. The title is hereditary. 1883. Ganpat Rao was the founder of this branch of the family. His descendant. The title was conferred on June 22. The title is personal and was conferred on May 24.he title of Dinkar Rao from the Baba Saheb. Rao Saheb. the Rao Saheb being descended from the old Mahratta rulers of Sagar. NARAYAN PANDURANG BANAVALEAR. Residence : Poona. 1899. NARAYAN RAO. The title is hereditary. Bombay. Bombay. received -. 1897. Residence: Barsi. Rao Bahadur. NARAYAN RAJARAM MULE. Rao Saheb. 1884.

February 16. Narayan Rao is the son of the late Amir-ulUmara Ghorpade. and was conferred on February 16. being the courtesy title of a son of the late Maharaja Sher Singh. Sendpati. Central Provinces. Ram Chandra Rao. Residence: Kolhapur. NARAYAN (RAGHUNATH) SHASTRI GOKHLE. NARAYAN SINGH. . Amir-ulUmara Ghorpade Malanmat Madar. and consequently his honours were declared hereditary by the British Government. Punjab. The title is personal. NARAYAN RAO TJRF NANA SAHEB GHORPADE (of Datwad)." or Commander-inChief. It entitles him to take rank in Darbar immediately after titular Rajas. The title is hereditary. 216 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA NARAYAN SINGH. Residence: Wardha. including that of " Senapati. Bombay. 1887. This title is personal. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. from the Maharaja of Kolhapur. 1887. for eminence in oriental languages. At the time of the Mahratta war the Ghorpade aided the British against the Peshwa. who obtained these titles. Residence: Lahore. Sarddr Bahadur. Bombay. the Ghorpade being the descendant and representative of Maloji Rao Ghorpade. Kunwdr. Residence : Belgaum. Mahdmahopddhydya. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty.

Mian. NARAYAN VASUDEO BARVE. The Mian has rendered good service in the Police of the Punjab. Rdjd. NARAYAN SINGH. and that of Rao Bahadur on June 3. NARAYAN SINGH (of Kang). 1899. The title is hereditary. Sardar Gaur Singh's son was Sarddr Hari Singh. Punjab. The title was conferred on January 1. who. The Sardar is descended from Sardar Gaur Singh. Rao Bahadur. See Thakur. took possession of Kang and the surrounding territory on the decline of the Mughal Empire in the last century. 1877. Residence : Kapurthald. Rao Bahddur. Residence: Bombay. Punjab. was the father of the present Sardar. NARAYAN VISHNU BAPAT. Received the title of Rao Saheb on May 21. Mysore. 1892. Rao . Bombay. Residence : Rohtak. 1898. with his two brothers. Thakur. Rai Bahadur. and was conferred on February 24. NARAYAN SINGH. Residence : Ratnagiri. Sarddr. Rai Bahadur. whose grandson. Punjab. and received the title of Sardar Bahadur on June 22. NARAYAN TRIMBAK WAIDYA. 1885. Rao Bahadur. the Sardars Dargaha Singh and Dharm Singh. and received the title of Rai Bahadur as a personal distinction on May 25. 1897. The title is personal. NARAYAN SWAMI MUDALIYAR. Sarddr Bhup Singh.The Sarddr is Commandant of the Imperial Service Infantry of the Kapurthala State . Arcot. Residence : Jalandhar. Residence : Bangalore.

and was conferred on January 1. See Buddhavarapu. Rao Saheb. NARAYANRAO APPAJI VAD. 1892. 1887. Central India. K. Residence: Bombay. Madras. Mysore. Rao Bahadur. NARAYANASWAMI MUDALIYAR. Residence: Nasik. See Kannanur. Residence: North Kanara. 1877. Rao Bahadur. Mysore. 1889. Bombay. Rai Bahadur. The Rai Bahadur belongs to a family of Arcot. The title is personal and was conferred on June 29. The title is personal. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. B. Rao Bahadur. Rao Bahadur. 1886. NARAYANRAO BHIKAJI. and was conferred on February 16. Rao Saheb. Bombay. and was conferred on May 25. The title is personal. The title is personal. and was conferred on May 24. NARAYANASWAMI PILLAI. The title is personal. Residence : Jhabua. NARAYANA AIYAR. 1894. Residence: Bangalore. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The title is personal and was conferred on January 1. NARAYANAMTJRTHI PANTULU. Arcot. NARAYANRAO RAMNAVA UDEAVAR.Bahadur. . Residence : Bangalore. Tiruvalur (of Madras).

rn him was Raja Lachmi Narayan Singh of Haraha. Bisram Singh was the founder of the family . Eight generations later was Rdjd Chattarpat THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 217 Singh. and was succeeded by his son. Rao Bahddur. Bombay. Bombay. 1885.NARAYANRAO TRIMBAK. and was conferred on October 19. Rdjd . 1887. NARBHE1AM RAGHUNATH DAS. Residence : Ahmadnagar. 1867. Rao Bahadur. North-Western Provinces. 1851. NARENDSA BAHADUR PAL (of Mahuli). Residence : Ahmadabad. Rao Saheb. Residence: Mahuli. and was conferred on February 16. The title is hereditary. The title is personal. b. eighth in descent fr&amp. NARAYANRAOJI NISAL. b. who died in 1859. the Raja beiig the head of the important Surajbans family of Mahuli. on the cccasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. NARENDRi. The title is hereditary. . Residence: Nisik. ttdjd . BAHADUR SINGH (of Haraha). the present Rdjd. The title is ancient and hereditary. Bombay. June 30. Basti. Belongs to a Surajbans family that came from Kumaun about 350 pears ago and settled first at Faizabad. April 27. The title is personal.

but subsequently a son was born to him. Bard Banki. b. K.The Raja has a son and heir. served the Government as a Deputy Magistrate for about nine years. and he consequently divided his estates between his own son and his adopted son. and a leading Member of the British Indian Association — of which important body he has been thrice unanimously elected President. Amongst other works of benefit to the public he constructed a good road from Diamond Harbour to Kalpi. who obtained a medal from Lord Clive. Sir. leaving eight sons. the Raja Raj Krishna Deb Bahadur (father of the present Maharaja). Pargand Daryabad. a Justice of the Peace. During the Viceroyalty of Lord .. Sir Narendra was educated at the Hindu College. named Rahuraj Singh. NARENDRA KRISHNA (DEB).E. Despairing of having any male issue. 1822. Raja Bahadur). Behar. he adopted one of his nephews. of whom the Maharaja Sir Narendra is the only surviving one. for his services during the war with the Nawab Suraj-ud-daula and the establishment of the British Power in Bengal after the battle of Plassey. He was famous for his munificence.C. October 10. Raja Raj Krishna Deb Bahadur died at the age of forty-two. whose ancestors are said to have enjoyed honours conferred by the Mughal Emperors and the Nawabs of Bengal. in which capacity he earned a solid reputation. Belongs to the Sobha Bazar family of Calcutta. from 1844 to 1853. born 1877. the Raja Gopi Mohan Deb {see Rajendra Narayan Deb. Oudh. and the title of Maharaja Bahadur. and Orissa. Residence : Ranikatra. and on his retirement began his public life as a Municipal Commissioner. Maharaja Bahadur. The founder of the family was the Maharaja Nava Krishna. a distance of eight miles.I.

. Punjab. and several other sons. Sarddr Bahadur.. NARINDAR SINGH. The Raja succeeded his father. NARHAT. Raja. B. Residence: Lahore. Subsequently he has been created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.L. Bengal. NARENDRA LAL KHAN (of Narajol). in 1890. and then was granted the title of Mahara ja as a personal distinction. The family is of Rajput (Katoch) origin. Punjab. He has a son and heir. The title was conferred. and he was also appointed a Member of the Imperial Legislative Council of India. Residence: Calcutta. Bengal. Rdjd. in which he attained a distinguished position. Residence : Nadaun. on May 25. M. See Pahar Singh. a Member of the Statutory Civil Service of Bengal. 1895. and Joint-Magistrate of Sealdah.Northbrook he was formally gazetted a Raja. The title is hereditary. and . Rao of. and has occupied a great many posts of dignity and public usefulness. The grandfather of the Raja was Sir Jodhbir Singh.A. Kangra. NARINDAR CHAND (of Nadaun). as a personal distinction. The title of Sardar is hereditary. On the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India he was invited to attend the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi. brother-in-law of the Mahdrdjd Ranjit Singh of Lahore. Residence : Midnapur. the late Raja Amar Chand of Nadaun. NARINDAR NATH. having long held that title by courtesy . The title is hereditary. Kumar Gopendra Krishna Bahadur. Diwdn.

b. Residence : Eka. and was conferred on January 1. Residence: Lahore. The father of the present Rdjd. Mainpuri. 1835. to whose possessions he succeeded. NAROTAM SINGH (of Eka). Kunwdr. Residence : Lahore. 1892. The late Raja Lachhman Prasad Singh was an Honorary Magistrate . being an offshoot of the Partapner House. The title is hereditary. and married the daughter of the Raja of Aijhi. Punjab. succeeded to the Rdj in 1862 a. Belongs to the illustrious Chauhan clan of Rajputs. Punjab. North-Western Provinces. Fatehpur. North-Western Provinces. . and consequently a descendant of Prithvi Rdjd. Rdjd. June 10. NARSILAL REVADAS. Hira Singh. The title ishereditary. 218 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA the Ra ja of Asothar being a descendant of Deogaj Singh.1891. Residence: Asothar. last Chauhdn Emperor of Delhi and Ajmir. The title is personal.d. NARINJAN NATH. b. who came from Khichhidara or Raghugarh in Central India in 1543. and was succeeded by the present Rdjd. NARPAT SINGH (of Asothar). 1869. Rdjd. The latter has a son named Ldl Singh. Residence: Ahmad- .the personal title of Sarddr Bahadur was conferred on May 25. The title is hereditary. on his death in 1891 he was succeeded by Raja Narpat Singh. Rao Bahadur. he died in 1876.

450 infantry. succeeded in 1875. 1884. The area of the State is 623 square miles. The family banner is white with a scarlet bordure. The title is personal.D. NARSINGH DAS LALA. His Highness Raja Mahtab Singh. Residence : Jammu. 1894. A ruling chief . Parasa Ram. and 6000 belonging to aboriginal tribes. The title is personal. b. and ultimately compelled the Rawat. Rai Bahadur. Rdjd of A ruling chief . 1883. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. and was conferred on May 25. Central India. which is at present tributary to Indore. and 16 guns. Residence : Narsinghgarh. His Highness maintains a military force of 318 cavalry. descended from Ajab Singh. NARSINGH DATT. in 1681.abad. Bhopal. who was Minister to the Rawat of Rajgarh. chiefly Hindus. b. Raja Partab Singh. Succeeded to the gadi June 28. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor December 4. but including about 5000 Muhammadans. 1895. 1839. and was conferred on May 26. Bombay. NARSINGHGARH. father of the present Raja. succeeded him as Minister in 1660 A. to share his dominions with him — thereby founding the State of Narsinghgarh. NARSINGHPUR..427. Raja of. his father in 1872 having received from the British Government that hereditary title. Residence: Howrah. His son. Raja Sadhn Charan Man Singh Hari Chandan. its population 112. bearing in the centre the effigy of Hanuman. Bengal. . 1890. Rai Bahadur. and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. Belongs to an Umat Rajput (Hindu) family. the monkeygod.

born 1864 . and Krishna. Orissa. Bombay. Residence: Poona. May 16. which was formally confirmed by the British Government in 1874. Bengal. b. as well as member of many local Committees. The Rao Saheb was educated at Satara. NARUK0T. NARSIRAM VAJERAM. ousted the aboriginal headmen and assumed the government. 1841. b.of whom there have been twenty-three generations of Rajas in Narsinghpur since the time when its founder. Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. NARSU RAM CHANDRA G0DE0LE. The Raja maintains a military force of 184 infantry. Dharma Raja. 1881. is 199 square miles . and was conferred on August 11.583." in addition to the hereditary title of Raja. Chief of. Residence : Kila Narsinghpur. Poona . A ruling chief. For the last nine generations son has succeeded father. 1888. The area of the State is 143 square miles . Rao Saheb. The family cognizance is a scorpion. Rao Bahadur. Dipsingh Jagatsingh. Bombay. The title is personal. . The area of the State. its population is 32. Residence: Kaira. From 1857 to 1887 he was Secretary and Engineer to the Poona City Municipal Corporation . and from 1887 to 1889 Executive Officer to the Poona Cantonment Fund. and thence was appointed to the Public Works Department of Bombay in 1861. and was conferred on June 1. and at the Science College. each bearing the styles and titles of "Man Singh Hari Chandan Mahapatra. which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. He has two sons — Ananta. 1842. He is now Member of the Poona Municipal Corporation. born 1874. The title is personal. and an Honorary Magistrate. chiefly Hindus.

NASARVANJI KHARSEDJI. Received the title on June 22. Western Malw&amp. 1882. Residence : Delhi. 1894. The title is personal. Rao of. chiefly Hindus. Mir. b. NASHIPUR. chiefly Hindus. See Mir Nasir AH. . 1863. Succeeded to the gadi June 12. and was conferred on June 22. Central India. Bombay.. Bombay. and was conferred on January 1. Rao Raghunath Singh. b. The title is personal. See Ranajit Sinha. Residence : Jhotwar.its population is 6440. Rdjd Bahadur of. 1848. The population of this State is about 2000. Belongs to a Jhala Rajput (Hindu) family. Residence : Broach. A ruling chief . 1897. Residence: Ahmadnagar. NARWAR. It is tributary to Baroda. Khan Bahadur. THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 219 NASARVANJI HORMASJI CHOKSY. Khan Bahadur. and was conferred on January 1. Bombay. Mir. Khan Bahadur. The title is personal. NASARVANJI SHERIADJI GINVALA. Residence: Bombay. Khan Bahadur. 1877. Gujarat. Khan Bahadur. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. NASIR All KHAN. Residence : Narwar. 1897. NASIR ALI.

Residence: Oudh. and was conferred on January 1. Bengal. Khan Bahadur. Sind. NASWADI. Oudh. Chaudhri. the Mir being the representative of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). Residence : Lucknow. Belongs to a family claiming descent from the first Khalif .v. NASRAT ALI KHAN walad IMAM BAKHSH KHAN. 1880. grandson of that monarch. The title is personal. Nawdb Bahadur. Oudh. He is a nephew of Muhammad Azim (q. The title has been continued for life. hereditary Chaudhri of Kakrali in Hardoi district. A ruling chief. Thakur Mansinghji. 1895. He is a son of Sulaiman Mirza. 1899. The . NASIR-UD-DIN MIRZA. He is an Honorary Magistrate. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. b. Chaudhri Nasrat Ali. King of Oudh.NASIR-UD-DIN AHMAD. Khan Bahadur. NASIR-UD-DIN KHAN. The title is personal. Maulavi Sayyid. b. The title is personal. Residence: Medical Department. being the courtesy title of a great-grandson of his late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah. rendered valuable service to Government in connection with the preparation of the Oudh Rent Act. Mir. Residence : Bihar. Khan Bahadur. August 18. Khan Saheb. Thakur of.). and was conferred on January 2. 1849. NASRAT All. India. 1888. Received the title on June 3. Residence : Shikarpur. and Assistant Secretary of the British Indian Association. His ancestors held high offices under the former Governments of Oudh.

Bombay. Thdkur of. NATHU MALL. 1896. The title was conferred on January 1. NATOR. The Sardar is Commandant of the Imperial Service Infantry of the Alwar State. NATHAN SINGH. 1897. Punjab. Residence : Ahmadnagar. Rajput&amp. Central India.na. NATHU SINGH. b. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Lala. Sarddr Bahddur. NATHU BAPUJI. 1877. Rai Saheb. 1895. Seth. A ruling chief . . Residence: Khurja.State. Bombay. 1899. Residence: Alwar. Thakur Pirtbi Singh. See Jogindra Nath Rai. NATHU RAM. has an area of about 8 square miles. NorthWestern Provinces. Lala. See Nathu Mall. and received the title of Sardar Bahddur on June 22. Rai Saheb. The title of Rai Saheb was conferred on the Chaudhri as a personal distinction on January 1. Residence: Sonepat. The title was conferred on May 25. Kumar of. The population of the State is about 407. Residence : Naswadi. Residence : North-Western Provinces. Residence : Harda. Rai Bahddur. which is tributary to Baroda. 1892. NAULANA. Chaudhri. Succeeded to the yadi as a minor in 1884. Residence : Naulana. Rao Bahadur. and was conferred on August 13. Central Provinces. chiefly Hindus. The title is personal. The Thakur is still a minor. NATHU RAM. Rewa Kantha. Western Malwa. Rai Saheb. Received the title on January 2. NATHI MAL. 1881.

At the close of the campaign he joined the Police. and marched at the head of these followers into Hindustan. for very distinguished services during the Multan rebellion and the Mutiny of 1857. and leaving 200 foot with the Deputy Commissioner of Dera Ismail Khan. When the Mutiny broke out in 1857 he raised 600 men. was killed in this service.NAURANG KHAN. and his son. Delhi. retiring on a pension after three years. and on one occasion saved Lieutenant Lind's life by killing a Sepoy who was about to bayonet that officer when dismounted. Abdulla Khan. born 1866. and was desperately wounded at that time. Mehardil Khan. Muhammad Zaman Khan. but continued to volunteer for service on the frontier. A third . 1859. Muhammad Zaman Khan. as a personal distinction. left a son named Bakhtiyar Khan. mentioned above. He was engaged in the actions against the rebels at Jhelum. The title was conferred on March 11. has three sons — Faiz Muhammad Khan. born 1862 . Sayyid Muhammad Khan. and elsewhere. Najafgarh. He raised 50 horse and 100 foot for service in the Multan campaign. he joined Sir Herbert Edwardes with the residue at Peshawar. and the title of Khan Bahadur. For these services he received a jdgir in perpetuity. Another son. Khan Bahddur. born 1864. Belongs to the Gandapur (Afghan) family of Kulachi in the Dera Ismail Khan district of the 220 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Punjab. His son.

NAVIN. NAVALPUR. Residence : Kulachi. on June 22.*Nobin. NAWAB-I-AMB. The title was conferred on June 22. 1897. NAVA KRISHNA RAI. 1897.son. See Baha-ud-din. Residence : Surma Valley. has a son named Samandar Khan. b. Residence : Bengal. Khandesh. which is one of the Mewas States of Khandesh. CLE. Bombay. Rai Saheb. Succeeded to the gadi in 1876 as a minor. as a personal distinction. The title was conferred on January 1. Residence : Bombay. to which tribe also the Chief belongs. Bengal. chiefly Bhils (aborigines) . The title was conferred as a personal distinction on January 1. Punjab. Assam. NATJR0Z. Risaldar. 1896. and a population of 180. The State. Shaikh Baha-ud-din. A fourth son. Rai Bahadur. Central Provinces. Residence : Calcutta. . The title was conferred as a personal distinction. NAWAB An SHAH. Rai Saheb. NAVA KISH0R SEN. has an area of 20 square miles. NAVA G0PAL SARKAR. &amp. 1899. Khdn Saheb. A ruling chief. Phulsingh Lashkari Padvi. Khdn Saheb. has two sons — Gulzar Khan and Kunidad Khan. Received the title on January 2. Sikandar Khan. 1894. Residence : Navalpur. Chief of. NAVROJI BEHRAMJI SANTUK. Residence: Nimar. See Naoroz. 1867. Dera Ismail Khan. Sarfaraz Khan.

His Highness Jam Shri Sir Vibhaji Ranmalji. Maulavi. and his widow. especially in the departments of education and public works. and other States of Western India. A ruling chief. Belongs to the illustrious Jareja Rajput family that has given ruling families to Kutch. 1827.C. The Jam Ranmalji was a popular ruler. but he has also earned a great reputation as an administrator. The title is personal. said to have been the elder brother of the then Jam of Kutch. K. the Rani Achuba.NAWAB JAN. NAWAB MIRZA. Jam Rawal. 1839. and distinguished himself by the ability with which he saved his people from the horrors of the famines of 1834. 1887. who became the Jam Ranmalji. Rajkot.S. NAWANAGAR. who was a son of that monarch. He has also . and 1846. Khdn Saheb.Oudh. Bengal. and was the father of the present Jam. The latter died in 1814 without male heirs . Bahadur. Succeeded to the gadi February 22. b. The present Jam is equally distinguished as a sportsman. In 1788 the great fort of Nawanagar was constructed under the orders of one of Jam Rawal's descendants. Residence.I. He was also a famous sportsman and lion-killer. the Jam Jasaji. as a personal distinction. third King of Oudh. May 8. being the courtesy title of a grandson of his late Majesty Muhammad Ali Shah. adopted Ranmalji. Jam Saheb of. The title was conferred on July 6.. Dhrol. Residence : Calcutta. 1852. for valuable services rendered to Government in the Foreign Department. Is the son of Mirza Humayun Bakht. emigrated from Kutch and established himself at Nawanagar in 1535.

and 117 guns. His Highness had the honour of being one of those Princes of Western India who first received His Royal Highness the Prince of "Wales on the occasion of his memorable visit to India in the winter of 1875-76. he was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. and he then had the honour of receiving an addition of four guns to his salute. Aliabad. in 1875. Residence : Nawanagar. 1866. He has a son and heir. Kathiawar. Bombay. NAWAZISHALI KHAN. 1878. as a personal distinction. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India . including a personal salute of 4 guns. as a personal distinction.C. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns. born about the year 1884. and the administration of justice within his State. b. but including about 50. K. the Jam went to Bombay to take part in his reception.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 221 greatly improved the system of revenue-collection. Similarly. The title was conferred on May 21. In 1877 the Jam was an invited and honoured guest at the Imperial assemblage at Delhi. the Nawab Ali Raza Khan .I. Nawab .147.E. Sir. and of the great public services of his distinguished father. chiefly Hindus. On the ocoasion of the visit to India of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh. and a population of 316.000 Muhammadans. His Highness maintains a military force of 191 cavalry. The State has an area of 3791 square miles. On January 1. 3060 infantry. (of Nawabganj). in recognition of his position. 1828.

and his estate was confiscated by Muhammad Akbar Khan. with Nadir Shah. when the latter invaded India. on the accession of Ahmad Shah Durani. He obtained the district of Hazara. was appointed Chief Agent of the Commissariat Department. when commandant . and during the rebellion of 1848-49 furnished 100 horsemen for active service. whom he accompanied in his last invasion of India.Bahadur. When the British army brought back Shah Shuja to Kabul in 1839. and it was mainly by his aid that the British prisoners were ultimately enabled to make their escape and join the relieving army of General Pollock. He accompanied the British forces to India on the evacution of Afghanistan. In 1857 Ali Raza Khan voluntarily raised a troop of horse and sent it to Delhi at his own expense. in consequence of which he received a British pension. During the disasters that followed he remained faithful to British interests . D. Ali Raza Khan. north of Kandahar. His son. Hidayat Khan. who came from the province of Sherwan on the west coast of the Caspian Sea. and by whose instigation he was assassinated. who was living on his estate. Daly. During the Sutlej campaign he joined the British camp with his brothers and 60 horsemen of his tribe . and served with conspicuous gallantry throughout the Mutiny campaigns. accompanied Shah Zaman to Lahore in 1797. On his return Sardar Ali Khan was appointed Governor of Kandahar. mortgaging for the purpose his house and property at Lahore. and of himself. Hidayat Khan's son. descended from Sardar Ali Khan. Belongs to a Quazilbash or Kazilbash family of high rank in Afghanistan . LieutenantColonel H. this troop formed part of Hodson's Horse.

A ruling chief. Punjab.of Hodson's Horse. 1888. . Rdjd of. Succeeded to the gadi March 2. and Lahore. and he was for some time a Member of the Imperial Legislative Council of India. with the title of Nawab conferred in 1864. The family have also received a grant of lands in Lahore district in the Punjab. the Nawab Nawazish Ali Khan. . a scion of . . On June 1. Belongs to the Rajput (Hindu) family. and on all occasions has been conspicuous for chivalric valour. Oudh." As a reward he received a large grant of lands in Oudh. and in all important works of public utility or benevolence in that Province. 1877. 222 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA NAYAGARH.. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. of whom there have been twenty-two generations of Rajas in Nayagarh since the time when its founder.. Raja Raghunath Singh Mandhata. 1890. The Nawab was made an Honorary Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab on January 1. . A braver soldier never took the field. and this. His gallantry has won for him the First Class of the Order of Merit. wrote of him in February 1859 : " He has served throughout the war. Residences: Bahraich. was continued to his son. he was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. Surjya Mani Singh. on his death in 1866. He has taken a prominent part in the foundation of the Punjab University.

is 588 square miles . Maulavi Shaikh. Khan Bahadur. NAZIR HUSAIN KHAN.622." The late Raja. established himself there. Maulavi. chiefly Hindus. Ladhu Kishor Singh Mandhata. Residence: Banda. Received the title on January 1. Bengal. Received the title on June 22. Punjab. Central India. and succeeded to the gadi September 20.the family of the Rajas of Rewah. 1851. 1897. Khan Bahadur. which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. Shams-ul-Ulama. Residence: Delhi. 1842. was born about 1843. its population is 114. Residence : Ajaigarh.Western Provinces. The area of the State. The title was conferred on October 8. North. The title was conferred on January 1. b. NAZIR AHMAD. the second of the titular Princes of Arcot. Shams-ul-Ulama. NAZIR All. Maulavi. 1897. NAZIM NATJ NAHAL SINGH. Residence \ Madras. NAZAR MUHAMMAD KHAN. 1875. The Raja maintains a military force of 741 men and 9 guns. Received the title on June 22. Sayyid. Orissa. Received the title on June . as a personal distinction. Rat Bahadur. The family cognizance or crest is a tiger's head. Residence: Delhi. The family obtained at various times from the Rajas of Puri the titles of " Champati Singh Mangraj" and "Mandhata. NAZIR HUSAIN. 1898. 1898. Is Deputy-Collector of Banda. Hakim. Residence: Kila Nayagarh. in recognition of his position as son-inlaw of his late Highness Zahir-uddaula. Khan Bahddur.

One of his descendants. between the years 1803 and 1815. and forced the Nepalese to conclude a treaty of submission. The family of the Maharaja is said to be of Sisodiya Rajput descent. about three years after the complete conquest of Nepal by his Gurkha troops. and was conferred on January 1. but in 1814 the British intervened. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor May 17. in the time of Warren Hastings. Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. NEPAL.d. The late Prime . to the British Power. The ruling race of Nepal is the Gurkha.M after the name. sent a large army into Nepal in 1792. b." Residence : Prome. Residence : Lucknow. and the other outlying districts. A ruling chief . invaded Tibet on two occasions. 1881. Subsequently. the Dehra Dun. and in 1816 a treaty was signed. 1899. claiming descent from the Raja Prithvi Narayan. The title is personal. which transferred the control both of those territories and of Kumaun.3. His Highness Maharaj-Adhiraj Prithvi Bir Bikram Jang Bahadur Sah Saheb Bahadur Shamsher Jang. It is indicated by the letters K. who died in the year 1771 a. as Suzerain of Tibet. but the Emperor of China. the Gurkhas of Nepal. and means "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour. about the year 1790. that advanced within 26 miles of the capital. NE DUN. 1875. notwithstanding great internal dissensions. which also furnishes some of the best officers of the Indian army. Maung. Oudh. Maharaja of.. Khatmandu. expelled the Gurkhas from the Punjab territories in 1815. 1889. and brought back great booty. overran the Cis-Sutlej territory of the Punjab and the Simla Hill States.S. Burma.

Its population is estimated at 2. G. NIAMAT KHAN.200 infantry. was driven out of the Raj of Rajauri by .T. The title is personal. Hamid-ulla Kh&amp. after the name. consisting of sub-Himalayan valleys and mountain-ranges. It is THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 223 indicated by the letters A. Sir Jang Bahadur. and 920 guns . was well known in England.B.M." Residence: Mandalay.C. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 54 cavalry..000 square miles. Nepal. 48. 1879.. Raja. and was conferred on January 1. who gave material help in the reduction of the rebellious province of Oudh. in the territory now called Jammu. Burma. and is entitled to a salute of 21 guns.I.000.n. Maung.S. 1890. The State has an area of 54. as a personal distinction. The title was conferred on August 1.C. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min.000 and upwards. NI. Residence : Khatmandu. who for many generations were Rajas of Rajauri. NIAMAT-ULLA KHAN (of Renin). Belongs to a Rajput family. G. and means "Recipient of the Medal for Good Service. and was the virtual ruler of Nepal from 1846 to the time of his death in 1877. and belonging to His Highness the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. The late Raja.Minister of Nepal. He rendered good services in the Mutiny of 1857 by sending Gurkha troops. See Ghulam Muhammad.

1846. The title is personal. in 1869. Residence : Rehlu. He was succeeded by his eldest son. boats. Bengal. sometimes called Maghs (Mugs) or Arakanese — who occupy the northern portion of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. and succeeded his father.the late Chief of Jammu .. Mong Raja. and he was appointed an Honorary Assistant Commissioner of the Punjab. Residence: Manikchari.who was born about the year 1848. and he was originally the Babaing or Sardar of a number of villages. NIHAL CHAND. by supplying coolies. 1895. Rai Bahadur. Rai Bahadur. Though no longer Raja of Rajauri. b. and was conferred on May 25. Kangra. The founder of the family was named Khedu. and he subsequently settled at Rehlu in the Kangra district. the present Raja. His descendant was Konjai. The present Mong Raj 4 has recently succeeded to the gadi. and tbe hereditary title of Mong Raja has been confirmed to the family. Residence : NIHAL CHAND. Chittagong Hill Tracts. the grandfather of the late Mong Raja Narabadi. receiving an annual allowance from the Jammu Government in compensation for the loss of his estate. Residence : . Punjab. Lala. the Mong Raja Keojosine. The title is hereditary. NIEPHRODSYNE (of Manikchari). and was conferred on May 25. The title is personal. the personal title of Raja was conferred upon him by the British Government for his services during the time of the Mutiny in 1857. etc. 1892. The family are the hereditary Chief of the Palangtha clan of Hill Burmese. The latter did good service to the Government in the first Lushai war. His predecessor was the Mong Raja Narabadi.

Maulavi Sayyid. NILGIRI. 1897. Residence: Deogarh. Their ancestor. Sardar Bahadur.H. claiming descent from Narayan . Belongs to a Kshatriya (Hindu) family. General. Received the title on June 22. The title is hereditary. took possession of Shahkot and the neighbouring territory in 1759 a. NIHAL SINGH. Sardar Bahadur. 1827. North-Western Provinces. The Sardar is the younger brother of the late Sardar Bakhsh Singh. Punjab. Sardar Sujan Singh. on the decline of the Mughal Power. NIJABAT HUSAIN. The title was conferred as a personal distinction on May 25. Kashmir. 1832. Narsinghpur. NIHAL SINGH (of Shahkot). 1895. NIHAL SINGH (of Hirapur). Thdkur. son of Amrika. He has a son and heir. the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. Raja Krishna Chandra Mardraj Hari Chandan. Sardar. Bhai.. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor November 22. The Sardar is the son of the late Sardar Kharak Singh. Punjab. Bengal. Residence : Srinagar. who was one of the grandsons of Sardar Sujan Singh. Residence: Ambala.Muzaffarnagar. b. Khan Saheb.d. Rdjd of. The family subsequently came under the power of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. father of Sardar Amar Singh of Shahkot. Residence: Shahkot. Residence: Hirapur. named Sundar Singh. Is Adjutant-General of the forces of H. A ruling chief. NIHAL SINGH. The title is hereditary. 1898. Jalandhar. Received the title on May 21. under whose name has been given some account of this family. Central Provinces.

which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals. but including 6366 members of various aboriginal tribes. Central India. Orissa. who married a daughter of Raja Pratap Rudra Deb. From him the present Raja is twenty-fifth in descent . and founded the Nilgiri Raj. mostly Bhumij. nearly every successive Raja bearing the style and titles of Mardraj 224 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Hari Chandan. The title is personal. as well as that of Raja. a scion of the reigning House of Chota Nagpur. Residence : Miraj. The family cognizance is a karaila flower.972. and was conferred on February 16. Rao Saheb. NILMANI MUKERJI. The title is personal. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Rao Bahadur. about the commencement of the fifteenth century. NILKANTH JANARDAN KIRTANE. and was conferred on October 31. NILKANTH GOVIND GOKHALE. The Raja maintains a military force of 177 infantry. 1879. Bengal. The area of the State. Mahdmahopddhydya. is 278 square miles .Singh Bhujang Mandhata Birat Basant Hari Chandan. which was formally recognized by the British Government in 1874. The title was conferred on . chiefly Hindus. Bombay. its population is 50. Residence : Nilgiri. 1887. Raja of Orissa. Residence : Dewas.

belong to a family descended from a Rajput foundling. Bhopawar. . about 1807. A ruling chief. Residence : Hoshangabad. The title was conferred on May 20. Bengal. Is Principal of Sanskrit College. NILMANI SINGH DEO (of Pachete). and the Bhumia is responsible for the police of the road between Dhar and Sultanpur. Central Provinces. He has several sons. and was conferred on November 22. The population of the State is about 4600. Bhumia Dariyao Singh. The Bhumia maintains a military force of 2 cavalry and 28 infantry. 1898. b. NIRBHE SINGH MANDLOI (of Shohpur). Rai Saheb. the late Raja Garur Narayan Singh. Residence : Sanskrit College. Rao Saheb. Bengal. chiefly Hindus. Residence: Sagar. The title was conferred on January 1. The State is tributary to Dhar. 1892. The present Raja is fifty-ninth in descent. Rdjd.January 1. and succeeded to the estate on the death of his father. b. The title is personal. who is said to have been suckled by a cow on the Kapila Hill near Jhalda. NIMKHERA. Central Provinces. The Rajas of Pachete in Manbhum. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor in 1864. Belongs to a Bhilala family. Bhumia of. for eminence in Oriental learning. Central India. born about 1849. 1896. 1861. NIRPAT SINGH DANGE (of Rehli). on the western boundary of the district of Manbhum. 1861. Calcutta. Chota Nagpur. Residence : Tirla. of whom the eldest and heir-apparent is the Kumar Hari Narayan Singh. Residence : Manbhum.

Sayyid. The population of the State. NITAI CHAND CHATTARJI. and was conferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic. 1898. Khasi Hills. See Muhammad Nizamud-din. Received the title on January 1. . Received the title on January 2. b. 1870. Residence: Nongkhlao. U. Khdn Saheb. consisting of Khasis and Christian converts. A ruling chief. Succeeded to the gadi July 30. Rai Bahadur. N0B0. Residence: Nobo Sophoh. N0BIN CHANDRA CHAKRAVARTTI. which is one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. Succeeded to the gadi March 16. Assam. Residence: Madras. 1890. NIZAM-UD-DIN AHMAD. The title was conferred on January 1. 1876. N0B0 S0PH0H. Kson. Kine Singh. The Khan Bahadur was one of the Chief Officers of the last Nawab of the Carnatic. Khasi Hills. consisting chiefly of Khasis and Christians. NTZAM-UD-DIN. Is Assistant-Surgeon and Lecturer in the Medical College of Agra. Belongs to a Khasi (Christian) family. which is one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. 1847. The title is personal. Residence : Calcutta. 1894. b. Munfiz Jang. N0NGKHLA0. A ruling chief. The population of the State. Rai Bahadur. Seim of. Khdn Bahadur. See Nava. Residence: Bombay. Assam. Residence : Agra. is about 7368. Bengal. is about 840.NISAR HUSAIN. 1843. and recognized on December 16. 1899. Northwestern Provinces. Seim of.

Red Saheb. Residence: Nongspung. . NONGSTOIN. Belongs to a Khasi family. Rdjd of. Singh. walad MUHAMMAD HUSAIN All KHAN. NUR MUHAMMAD KHAN.NONGSPUNG. Succeeded to the gadi November 11. is about 1506. Mir. Parba. 1885. The title was conferred on June 22. Residence: Punjab. which is one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. is 8472. A ruling chief. Residence : Nongstoin. U. Belongs to a Khasi (Christian) family. Khasi Hills. consisting of Khasis and Christians. NONITRAM. b. Rax Bahadur. in recognition of His Highness's position as the representative of one of the ruling Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the annexation (see Khairpur). 1860. 1897. Assam. b. NRITYA GOPAL BOSE. His Highness. Residence : Hyderabad. Residence: Calcutta. 1897. The title was conferred on June 22. See Jaswant Singh. 1860. NURPUR. Sind. which is one of the Khasi and Jaintia Hill States. Scim of. A ruling chief. The population of the State. The population of the State. consisting of Khasis THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 225 and Christians. Seim of. and was conferred on December 24. M. 1844. 1878. Lala. Assam. Succeeded to the gadi May 15. The title is personal. Khasi Hills.

OEL. Rdjd of. The State of Nyaungywe has four feudatories — Inleywa. See Ubaidulla. Kazi Muhammad. A ruling chief.. Khan Bahadur. See Nasrat. K. The population consists chiefly of Shans. See&amp. Letthet. NUSRAT All. see Introduction . and has received the honour of K. Burma. and. Shan States. NYAYARATNA.M.khW.NURPUR CHITPALGARH.S. 0KH0Y. including these dependencies. See Nasarvanji. OMRITA. 0BH0Y. OKHIL.S.Sawbwa of. NUSSERWANJEE. (Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. Shams-ul-Vlama. its area is about 2500 square miles. NYAUNGYWE.M. OBAIDULLAH. Residence : Nyaungywe. meaning "Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour ") from Her Most Gracious Majesty the Empress. Burma. Rdjd of See Kishan Datt Singh. Saw On. Kyanktal. See Akhai. and Thigyit. See Amrita. The Sawbwa is the Chief of one of the Shan States. CLE. See Chitpal Singh. See Mahesh. . Mahesh Chandra. See Abhai. Chaudhri.

Myook. Lala. Lughasi. migrated westward. and a descendant named Sanpal took possession of Korar. which has given ruling families to Panna. K. In legendary times the Garhwar Rajputs were ruling at Benares . and on the subversion of that throne by the Musalmans. in the 14th century. and other Chiefships of Bundelkhand. surnamed Pancham. Central Provinces. after the name. In 1532 a. 1892. His son. 1874. Succeeded to the gadi March 15. It is indicated by the letters A.E. took the clan name of Bundela. Burma. Ajaigarh. Is Township Officer. Meiktila.ON GAING. Mahdrdjd of A ruling chief.. Sarila. The family extended its possession southward during the next hundred years. Maung. then the chief of the Bundelas. Jaso. Ahmudan gating Tazeik ya Min. Rai Bahadur. and was conferred on May 25. Is the head of the great Bundela family of Garhwar Rajputs. Received the title on January 1. 1898. ON TUE. Residence : Mahlaing.C. Bijawar. Residence : Seoni. Maharaj a Mahindra Sawai Sir Pratap Singh Bahadur. . b. 1854.d. Maung. 1898. and means "The Recipient of the Medal for Good Service. The title (see above) was conferred on January 1. Burma.d. Datia. Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min. See Umar. Hem Kurn. east of Jhansi. ORCHHA. The title is personal. by which his family and the country of Bundelkhand has ever since been known. Rudra Pratab. Bir Singh." Residence : Prome.T. Charkhari. 00MER.M. and settled at Mau Mahoni in the northwest of that Province in the 13th century a. Jigni. His Highness Saramad-IRaj aha-I-Bundel-Khand. ONKAR DAS.I.

was created a K. Raja Vikramaditya Mahendra was the Chief of Orchha. and 90 guns . whilst Matkur Sab. Bundelkhand.) . When Bundelkhand passed under British control.founded Orchha. Residence: Tehri. after some disputes. On the death of the latter his widow adopted Hamir Singh. From his younger son. chiefly Hindus. 1894. Central India. and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns (including 2 guns personal). Ajaigarh. The area of the State is 1933 square miles . Dattia. and other Western States. He died in 1834.E.C. 4400 infantry. His son. but including 9560 Muhammadans and 7233 Jains. its population 311.I. His Highness maintains a military force of 350 cavalry. sprang the many families of the Eastern Bundelas (Panna.. etc. the Raja Bir Singh Deo. by conquering Jhansi and forming it into a new and ultimately a powerful State. the present Maharaja. Udyajit. though the Mahrattas succeeded in dismembering it. the elder son. OTTTJR VASAVA MEN0N. a descendant of the same family. was succeeded by Sujan Singh. In 1882 His Highness received the additional title of Sawai . was famous in the reigns of the Emperors Akbar and Jahangir. and he was succeeded in 1874 by his younger brother. Rao Baha- . and on January 1. and was the founder of many great public works Orchha was THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA the only State of Bundelkhand that did not fall under the power of the Peshwas.514. and. and by the treaty of 1812 he became a feudatory of the British Power. was the ancestor of the Chiefs of Orchha.

dur. Received the title on January 2, 1899, for good service in the Police Department. Residence: Madras. 0YARAT CHANDU MEN0N, Rao Bahadur. Received the title on January 2, 1899. Is Sub-Judge, Madras. Residence: Madras. PACHETE, Raja of. See Nilmani Singh Deo. PADAKAN0LA RAMA RAO, Rao Bahadur. See Rama. PADMAN SINGH, Thakur (of Khariar), Raja. The title was conferred on February 16, 1887, as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Residence: Khariar, Raipur, Central Provinces. PADMANANS DINGH (of Baneli),i?a;a. The title was conferred on January 2, 1888, as a personal distinction, on his succeeding his father, the late Raja Lila Nanda Singh Bahadur. The great-grandfather of the present Raja, Dular Singh, reoeived the title of Raja Bahadur for services rendered to the

British Government in the Nepal war. Raja Dular Singh died in 1821, and the title was continued to his son, Raja Bidya Nanda Singh. The latter died in 1851, and the title was in like manner continued to his son, Raja Lila Nanda Singh, the father of the present Raja, as a personal distinction. Residence : Purniah, Bengal. PADRAUNA, Rai Udit Narayan, Rai of, Rdjd of; b. November 24, 1855. The ancient title of Rai is hereditary, that of Raja was conferred as a personal distinction on June 22, 1897. The Raja belongs to a family of Kurmis

claiming descent from the celebrated Mayyura Misra, being thus connected with the families of the Rajas of Majhauli and Tamkuhi (q.v.). Rai Isri Partab rendered good service in the Mutiny, and was an Honorary Magistrate for ten years before his death, when he was succeeded by his son, the late Rai Madan Gopal. The present Rai, now Raja, succeeded Rai Madan Gopal on December 16, 1890. Residence : Padrauna, Gorakhpur, North-Western Provinces. PAGADALA KAVERIPAKAM JAGANNADHA CHETTIAR, Rao Bahadur. See Jagannadha. PAHAR SINGH (of Narhat), Rao; b. 1854. The title is hereditary. The Rao is descended from the illustrious family of the Bundela Rajputs that has given its name to the Province of Bundelkhand, and ruling Houses to most of the States of Bundelkhand, including Orchha, Panna, Datia, etc. (q.v.). The Narhat family is an offshoot of that of the Raja Sardar Singh Bahadur of Katehra (q.v.). In 1851 Rao Bakht Bali, father of the present Rao, was in possession of the estate. Residence: Narhat, Lalitpur, Northwestern Provinces. PAHARI BANKA, Diwan Mihrban Singh, JDiwdn of. A ruling chief. Succeeded to the gadi November 14, 1890. Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput family, the head of which is the Maharaja of Orchha (q.v.). Rai Singh, a descendant of the youngest son of Bir Singh Deo, held from his kinsman, the Chief of Orchha, the Buragaon jagir, and this he divided among his eight sons — whence the States so formed were called the

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

227

Hashtbhdya jdgirs, or "Appanages of the eight brothers." Only four of these now exist — Dhurwai, Bijna, Tori, and last Pahari Banka, which was given to Umed Singh, the youngest son of Rai Singh. His great-grandson, the Diwan Ishri Singh, obtained a sanad from the British Government in 1823 confirming him in the possession of this State. He was succeeded by the Diwan Bijai Bahadur, who was in turn followed by the late Diwan Piyariju, father of the present Diwan. The area of the State is about 5 square miles; its population is 1094, chiefly Hindus. The Diwan maintains a military force of 20 men. Residence: Pahari Banka, Bundelkhand, Central India. PAHASU, Munitdz-ud-daula, Nawab of. See Muhammad Fayyaz Ali Khan. PAHRA, Chaube Radho Charan, Jdgirddr of. A ruling chief; b. August 17, 1856; succeeded to the gadi January 14, 1868. Belongs to a Chaube Brahman Hindu family, claiming descent from Ram Krishna Chaube, Kildddr (Governor of the Fortress) of Kalinjar, from whom descend also the other three branches of "the Kalinjar ChaubSs," viz. the Chiefs of Paldeo, Taraon, and Bhaisaunda (q.v.). His son, Salig Ram, received a sanad from the British Government, confirming him in the possession of Pahra. His great-grandson is the present Jdgirddr. The area of the State is 10 square miles; its population is 4016, chiefly Hindus. The Chief maintains a military force of 12 cavalry, 100 infantry, and 2 guns. Residence : Pahra, Bun-

delkhand, Central India. PAINTIPUR, Rdjd of. See Muhammad Kazim Husain Khan. PAKALA G0PALA RAO, Rao Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1891. Residence: Barhampur, Madras. PAL, Jareja Ratan Singh, Tdlukddr of. A ruling : chief ; b. 1841. succeeded to the gadi October 25, 1879. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family, of the Jareja clan. The State, which is tributary to Baroda and Junagarh, has an area of 21 square miles, and a population of 1214, chiefly Hindus. The Talukdar maintains a military force of 2 cavalry and 16 infantry. Residence : Pal, Kathiawar, Bombay.

PAL LAHARA, Raja Ganeshwar Pal, Rdjd of A ruling chief; b. 1884. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor, August 30, 1888. Belongs to a Kshatriya (Rajput Hindu) family, claiming descent from Raja Santosh Pal, alias Pat Ganeshwar Pal. Twenty-two generations have intervened, in regular descent from father to son, between the founder of the family and the present Raja, each Raja receiving alternately either the style of " Pat Ganeshwar Pal" or "Pat Muni Pal." The late Raja, Chintamani Pal, was styled " Pat Muni Pal." He succeeded to the gadi^ in 1860. The State had for a long time been included in that of Keunjhar, the Raja having been treated as a feudatory of Keunjhar. But this caused many feuds, and Pal Laharawas at length declared a British feudatory, independent of Keunjhar. The late Pat Muni Pal rendered distinguished services during the operations for the suppression of the Keunjhar rebellion in 1867-68, and received as a reward the title of Raja Bahadur

as a personal distinction. He died in 1888, and was succeeded by the present Raja, styled in turn Pat Ganeshwar Pal. The family cognizance or crest is the cobra or hooded snake. The area of the State, which is one of the Orissa Tributary Mahals, is 452 square miles ; its population is 14,887, chiefly Hindus. The Raja maintains a military force of 94 infantry. Residence : Pal Lahara, Orissa, Bengal. PALAJ, Thakur Danlat Singh, Thdkur of. A ruling chief ; 6.1878. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor. The State has a population of 1701. The Thakur belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family. Residence: Palaj, Mahi Kantha, Bombay. PALANJI ADARJI MISTRI, Khdn Bahadur. Received the title on June 3, 1899. Residence : Karachi, Bombay. PALANJI HORMUSJI DADACHANJI, Khdn Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1898. Is an Assistant-Surgeon. Residence: Bombay. PALANJI PEST0NJI RAGHINA, Khdn Saheb. The title was conferred on January 2, 1899. Residence : Bombay. PALANJI RATANJI, Khdn Saheb. The title is personal, and was conferred on

228

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

August 18, 1881. Residence; Surat, Bombay.

PALANPUR, His Highness Sir Sher Muhammad Khan, Lohani, G.C.I.E., Diwdn of. A ruling chief; b. 1852. Succeeded to the yadi September 19, 1877. Belongs to the Afghan family of the Lohani clan, whose ancestors occupied Behar in the time of the Emperor Humayun. Ghazni Khan, the Chief, obtained the title of Diwan from the Emperor Akbar in 1597, for successfully repelling an invasion of Afghans, and he was also made Governor of Lahore. His descendant in 1682 received the province of Jhalod (including Palanpur, Disa, and other districts) from the Emperor Aurangzeb ; but in 1698 his successor was driven westward by the Rahtor Rajputs of Marwar, and settled in Palanpur, where the family has ever since remained. In 1809 the State came under British control. In 1812 the Diwan Firoz Khan was murdered by his Sindi guards ; his son, Diwan Fateh Singh, was reinstated by British troops under General Holmes, but was ultimately removed from the chief ship for maladministration. The late Diwan Zorawar Khan was granted the additional title of " His Excellency " ; he succeeded to the gadi in 1854, and dying in 1877 was succeeded by his son, the present Diwan. The family banner is crimson, with a bordure vert . The area of the State is 3150 square miles, with a population of 236,461, chiefly Hindus, but including 27,256 Muhammadans. His Highness the Diwan maintains a military force of 294 cavalry, 697 infantry, and 80 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 11 guns. Created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, January 2, 1893 ; and a Knight Grand Commander, January 1, 1898. Residence : Palanpur, Bombay. PALASNI, Thakur Indra Singhji, Thdkur of. A ruling chief ; b. 1885. Succeeded the late Thdkur Jitsinghji on Sep-

tember 28, 1896. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The area of the State, which is tributary to Baroda, is about 6 square miles. Residence: Palasni, Rewa Kantha, Bombay. PALASVIHIR, Naik Nawsa walad FIRIA, Chief of. A ruling chief ; b. 1830. Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal

tribe) family. The area of the State, which is one of the Dang States of Khandesh, is about 2 square miles ; its population about 220, chiefly Bhils. Residence : Palasvihir, Khandesh, Bombay. PALDE0, Rao Chaube Anradh Singh, Jdgirddr of. A ruling chief ; b. October 18, 1837. Succeeded to the gadi April 2, 1874. Belongs to the Chaube Brahman family, known as the "Kalinjar Chaube Jagirdars," of whom there are now four ruling chiefs — those of Paldeo, Taraon, Bhaisaunda, and Pahra (q.v.). Descended from Chaube Ram Krishna, who was kildddr (Governor of the Fortress) of the ancient and famous fort of Kalinjar under the Chief of Panna. His sons successfully defended the fort against Ali Bahadur, who died in the attempt to take it. At a later period the family held the fort for some time against British troops ; but ultimately they came to terms, and received Kalinjar and some territory around it as &jdgir. Subsequently the Government resumed the fort of Kalinjar, giving the four brothers of the Chaube family the four States named above, as feudatory jdgirs, in exchange. Thus Baldeo Singh became the first Jagirdar of Paldeo, and his son, Dariao Singh, received a sanad from the British Government. The present Jagirdar is fifth in descent from him ; and at the Imperial Assemblage of Delhi in

January 1877, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India, he received the title of Rao as a personal distinction. The area of the State is 28 square miles ; its population is 8824, chiefly Hindus. The Rao maintains a military force of 10 cavalry, 200 infantry, and 3 guns. Residence : Paldeo, Bundelkhand, Central India. PALGHAT IYYENAR KTJTTI PHLAI CHINNASWAMI PILLAI, Rao Bahadur. Received the title on May 21, 1898. Residence: Palghat, Malabar, Madras. PALI, Rao of. See Hamir Singh . PALITANA, Thakur Saheb Sir Mansinghji Sursinghji, K. C.S.I. , Thdkur of. A ruling chief; b. 1863. Succeeded to the gadi November 24, 1885. Belongs to the same family of Gohel

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

229

Rajputs as that of His Highness the Maharaja of Bhaunagar; descended from ancestors who were driven out of Marwar in Rajputana by the Rahtors in the 12th century. The late Thakur Saheb Sursinghji succeeded to the gadi on June 1, 1860, and dying in 1885, was succeeded by his eldest son, the present Thakur. The State is famous for the greatest of all the sacred hills of the Jains, Satrunjaya, which is covered with a large number of magnificent Jain temples. The area of the State is 289 square miles; its population is

49,271, chiefly Hindus, but including 3581 Muhammadans. The Thakur Saheb was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India on January 1, 1896. He maintains a military force of 74 cavalry, 401 infantry, and 7 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 9 guns. Residence : Palitana, Kathiawar, Bombay. PALLANJI. tittPtianjL PAIXI CHENTSAL RAO PANTULU, CLE. See Chentsal. PALLONJI. See Palanji. PAMAKHERI, Thakur of. See Janki. PAMPAPATI SASTRIYAR, Gankalapur, Rao Bahadur. The title was conferred on June 3, 1893. Residence : Cuddapah, Madras. PAN BYTJ, Maung, Myook, Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min. This Burmese title (see Introduction) was conferred on May 30, 1891 . Residence : Ye-u, Burma. PANANJERI CALAPPA ANANTA CHARLTJ, Rao Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1898. Residence : Bellary, Madras. PANAPPAKKAM ANANDA CHARLTJ, CLE. See Ananda Charlu. PANCHAM SINGH, Rao; b. May 31, 1860. The title is hereditary. Belongs to a Bundela Rajput family; descended from Partabju, who in early times founded the village of Swasa in Panwari, and obtained from the Raja Jagat Raj of Jaitpur (son of the Bundela Maharaja Chhatarsal — see A jaigarh) a grant of the village with the title of Rao. The Rao has a I son and heir, named Bhopal Singh. I

Residence: Swasa, Panwari, Hamirpur, North-Western Provinces. PANCHANPTJR, Rao of. See Raghunath Singh. PANDARIA, Tlidkur of. See Lai Raghuraj Singh. PANDE, Deo Datt, R«i Bahadur. See Deo. PANDE HANUMAN PARSHAD, Rai Bahadur. See Hanuman. PANDIT.— A prefix. PANDURANG RAO TANTIA GORE, Rai Bahadur. The title is personal, and was conferred on January 1, 1878. Residence: Dewas, Central India. PANDURANGI KODANDA RAO PANTULU, Rao Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1898. Residence : Vizagapatam, Madras. PANGANUR, Sugatur Yimmidi Sankara Payal Yesunath, Bahadur, CLE., Zaminddr of; h. January 1, 1830. Succeeded as Zaminddr of Panganur on July 6, 1847. His ancestor in the 15th century held the village of Sugatur under the Rajas of Vijayanagar. Later on the family founded the town of Kolar in Mysore, now famous for its gold mines, and acquired considerable territory in that neighbourhood. In the 16th century two brothers divided the estates between them; and by this partition the ancestor of the present Zaminddr acquired Kolar and Sugatur. Later on the family extended its influence in the

direction of Cuddapah (Kadapa), and Panganur was seized and fortified, and this and other acquisitions were held under the Nawabs of Cuddapah. In 1757 a.d. the Mahrattas overran the Zaminddri, half of which was ceded to them. The Zaminddr subsequently became subject to Haidar Ali of Mysore, and passed under British control on the conquest of that dynasty. The Zaminddr has two sons — Ra je Sugatur Yimmidi Vira Basavanna Payal Yesunath Bahadur Varu, and Raje Sugatur Yimmidi Kumara Chikkara Payal Yesunath Bahadur Varu. The family banner bears the device of a bull. The Zaminddr was created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on January 1,1884. Residence: Panganur, North Arcot, Madras,

230

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

PANJAB SINGH (of Dhandhowal), Sarddr. The title is hereditary. The Sardar is brother of Sardar Partab Singh of Dhandhowal (q.v.) ; belongs to a Jat family of Sikhs, whose founder, Sardar Man Singh, conquered territory on both sides of the Sutlej in the year 1759 a.d. His son, Sardar Joga Singh, was succeeded in turn by his son, Sardar Chanda Singh, the father of the Sardars Partab Singh, Panjab Singh, and Sher Singh, all of Dhandhowal. Residence: Dhandhowal, Hoshiarpur, Punjab. PANNA, His Highness Maharaja Mahindra Sir Rudra Pratap Singh Mahindra Bahadur, K.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd

of. A ruling chief ; b. July 10, 1848. Succeeded to the gadi June 9, 1870. Belongs to the great Bundela Rajput family, of which His Highness the Maharaja of Orchha (g.v.) is the senior representative, and of which junior branches are the ruling families in Datia, Garrauli, Lughasi (q.v.), and many other States in Bundelkhand, which Province takes its name from this clan. The Panna House is descended from Udyajit, younger son of Rudra Partab, the Bundela founder of the Orchha State. Udyajit's grandson, Champat Rai, made himself independent both of Orchha and of the Musalmans ; and his son the Maharaja Chhatrasal, acquired very extensive dominions in Eastern and Northern Bundelkhand. His eldest son, Hardi Sah, became Chief of Panna, while his second son was the ancestor of the Chiefs of Ajaigarh, Charkhari, Bijawar, and Sarila ; his third son was the ancestor of the Jigni family, and his fourth son the ancestor of the Jasu Chiefs. Hardi Sah's son was named Sobha Singh, and under his rule and that of his two successors the power and extent of the State were diminished by frequent wars, and the setting-up of independent chieftainships within its borders. The greatgrandson of Sobha Singh was named Kishor Singh, and he obtained a sanad from the British Government in 1807. The late Maharaja rendered valuable services during the Mutiny of 1857, in reward for which he obtained a hand pome khilat, the privilege of adoption, and a personal salute of 13 guns. The present Mah&raja succeeded

in 1870, and in 1876 was invested with the insignia of a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India by His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. The area of the

State is 2568 square miles ; its population is 227,306, chiefly Hindus, but including 5989 Muhammadans and 16,690 belonging to various aboriginal tribes. It is famous as producing the largest supply of diamonds of any district in India in modern times. His Highness maintains a military force of 165 cavalry, 1157 infantry, 36 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 13 guns (including 2 guns personal). Residence: Panna, Bundelkhand, Central India.

PANNA IAL, Mehta, CLE., Rai, His Excellency. Prime Minister of Udaipur ; b. August 1843. The title of Rai was conferred on January 1, 1877, as a personal distinction, on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. The title of "His Excellency" is the courtesy title of the Rai as Prime Minister of the State of Udaipur, Rajputana. Belongs to a family that long occupied a position of influence in Bikanir, Rajputana, and that first acquired the designation of " Mehta " from an ancestor, Kuram Chand becoming some centuries ago Prime Minister of the State of Bikanir. Kuram Chand, Mehta, also received a jdgir and honours from the Emperor of Delhi. Towards the end of the 16th century a grandson of Kuram Chand, Mehta, moved to Udaipur, and settled there; and his descendants, Agarji Mehta and Hunsraji Mehta, rose to high office under the Maharana Ari Singhji in 1762 a.d., receiving charge of the fort and the district of Mandalgarh in Mewar. Three of the descendants of Agarji Mehta have been Prime Ministers of Udaipur before the present Rai, namely, Devi Chand, Sher Singh, and Gokul Chand. The Mehta Murali Dhar, father of the Rai, died in 1886. The Rai was

created a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire in 1887. In 1858 he married the daughter of Rai Chhagan Lai, and has issue, a son and heir, Kunwar Fateh Lai Mehta, born 1868, and

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

231

educated at the Ajmir College. Residence : TJdaipur, Rajputana. PANTH HPLODA, Narayan Rao Janardhan, Chief of. A ruling chief; b. 1869, Succeeded to the gadi in 1887. Belongs to a Deccan Brahman family, and is a co-sharer in the Chiefship of tlis State with Pandit Gopal Rao Narajan. The population of the State is 4086, chiefly Hindus. Residence: Panfch Piploda, Western Malwa, Central Inda. PANTH PIPLODA, Pandit Gopal Rao Narayan, Oiief of. A ruling chief ; b. 1838. Sieceeded to the gadi as a minor in 1840. Belongs to a Deccan Brahman family, and is a co-sharer in the Chiefslip of this State with Narayan Rao Janardhan. The population of tie State is 4086, chiefly Hindus. Residence: Panth Piploda, Western Milwa, Central India. PARAN CHANDRA BOSE, Rai Bahddw\ Has rendered good service as Hmorary Magistrate of the Maniktala Municipal Bench in the TwentyPirganas. Received the title as a personal distinction, May 25, 1892. Residence : Calcutta.

P/RAPANAD, Valiya Rdjd of. See Raja Raja Varma Raja, Rdjd. P1RASPUR, Rdni of. See Janki. IARATJR, Rdjd of. SeeTh&knr Narayan Singh. PARBAL PARTAB SINGH (of Malhajini), Rdjd; b. August 20, 1867. The title is hereditary. The Raja is Chief of the Parihar clan of Rajputs; descended from Mahip Singh, who came from Jagni near Mahoba, and settled in the district of Etawah about seventy-five years ago. The Parihars are a small clan of Rajputs, occupying the lands between the rivers Kuari and Chambal, which under the name Parihara formed a portion of Sarkar Trichh in the time of the Emperor Akbar. They were notorious for their lawless character, and for harbouring gangs of Thags and Dakaits. Their great ancestor was Bilan Deo, from whom the seventh in descent was Nahar Deo. On the defeat of Anang Pal of Delhi in the 11th century the Chief of the Parihars, Sumit Rai, fled to the wild region of the Panchnadi and colonized it, giving it the name

Parihara. Raja Mahipat Singh, who died about 1857, was succeeded by his son, Raja Bijai Singh, who married a daughter of the Raja, of Bhinga. He died in 1867, and was succeeded by his son, the present Raja, then a minor, the estate being under the Court of Wards till 1888. The Raja was educated at the Etawah High • School. He married the second daughter of the Raja Sheopal Singh (q.v.) of Murarmau, in the Rai Bareli district of Oudh, the Chief of the Bais Tilokchandi clan. The title of Raja was recognized as hereditary in 1889. Residence: Malhajini, Etawah, North-

western Provinces. PARBHTJDAS KISHANDAS MODI, Rao Bahadur ; b. October 4, 1831. The title was conferred on June 26, 1884, as a personal distinction, for long and meritorious service in the Government Service, in which he attained to the rank of Acting Assistant AccountantGeneral of Bombay. He entered the Service in April 1851, and retired with a good-service pension in April 1888, having greatly distinguished himself. The Rao Bahadur has been thrice married — (1) in March 1848, to Jamnabai, daughter of Kasidas Ramdas, Esq., of Surat ; she died in 1859 : (2) in February 1865, to Jamnabai, daughter of Gaurdhandas Premanand, Esq., of Baroda; she died in 1877: (3) in March 1878, to Prankorbai, daughter of Vithaldas Farukhsiyardas, Esq., of Dharangaon, Khandesh. The Rao Bahadur has adopted (in May 1866) a son, named Nagindas Parbhudas Kishandas Modi, born in 1878. The Rao Bahadur belongs to a Jadavbansi Hallai Bhattia family, and was educated at Surat. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace for Bombay in 1890. Residence: Bombay. PARDUMAN SINGH (of Ramgarh), Mian Sarddr Bahadur. The title is hereditary, the Mian being the eldest son of Sardar Ran jit Singh of Ramgarh in the Ambala district. Belongs to a Rajput family, claiming immediate descent from the Rajas of Kahlur (q.v.) or Bilaspur. Rajd Singar Chand, Raja of Bilaspur, had two sons, the elder of whom, Megh Chand, inherited his father's Raj, while the younger, Kalal Chand, was the ancestor of the Ramgarh Sarda>s. Tenth in descent

232

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

from him was Surat Singh, whose son, Khusal Singh, with three brothers, joined the N&han R&jd in making large conquests, out of which they were permitted to retain Ramgarh. The three brothers died without issue. Khusal Singh built a fort at Ramgarh, and his two sons, the Sardars Maldeo Singh and Narayan Das Singh, on his death divided his lands between them. One of the grandsons of Sard&r Maldeo Singh was Sard&r Ranjit Singh of Ramgarh, who was a jdgirddr Magistrate in the Amb&la district, and father of Mian Parduman Singh. The Mian received the personal title of Sardar Bahadur on May 25, 1895. Residence: R&mgarh, Amb&la, Punjab. PARENDA, Rdjd of. See Sheopras&d Singh. PARHAT, Rani of. See Dharmr&j Kunwar. PARIKUD, Rdjd of. See Gaur Chander. PARKHALI, Sarddr of. See Sheonarayan Singh. PARMANAND. See also Kunwdr Permanand. PARMANAND, Bakhshi, Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred on January 1, 1895. Residence : Sagri, Punjab. PARON, Raja Gajandhar Singh, Rdjd of. A ruling chief; b. 1869. Succeeded to the gadi as a minor December 31, 1882. Belongs to the illustrious family of the Chiefs of the great Kachhw&ha clan of Rajputs,

from which springs the family of His Highness the Maharajd of Jaipur, claiming descent from the second son of the legendary Solar hero, Rama, and from the ancient Hindu Emperors of Ajudhya of the Surjya Vansa or Solar dynasty. According to the Rajput chronicles the seventy-second in descent from Rama was the Raja Nala, the hero of the famous Sanskrit poem of Ndla and Ddmdydnti, who migrated westward (possibly in the 3rd century), and founded the city of Narwar and the kingdom (renowned in classical story) of Nishidha. One of the sons of Sora Singh, Thakur of Narwar, thirty-third in descent from Raja Nala, was Dhola Rai, who became the founder of the great State of

Dhundar in Rajputana, betcer known as Jaipur. The Kachhwaha Thakurs of Narw&r, however, with an experience probably unique in Indian history, seemed to have continued in possession of that place from the semi-legendary times of the Rajd Ndla, through all the vicissitudes of the Hindu, Pathan, and Mughal periods of lomination, right down to the time cf the Mahrattas. At the commencement of the present century the Thikur Madhu Singh, of the line of Mia, was still in possession of Narwa.% his family having held it during tie lapse of at least fifteen centuries. But at last Madhu Singh was drivenDut by Daulat Rao Sindhia, and revenged himself by continually raiding and plundering in the territory of Gwalor. In 1818 Madhu Singh was taken under British protection, and granted the State of Paron as a feudatory ol Gwalior, on condition of protecting the Gwalior territory from robbers. In 1857 Madhu Singh's successor, Raja Man Singh, at first joined the mutineers, but in 1859 he surrendered, under pronise

of being amnestied. Subsequentlyhe rendered valuable service to tie Government in connection with tie capture of Tantia Topi, and wis granted an increase of territory, wifi a pension. In 1883 Raja Man Singi died, and was succeeded by his son the present Raja, then a minor. Tht population of the State is 7328, chiefly Hindus ; it contains about thirty-four villages, of which the town of Paron is the chief. Residence : Paron, Guna, Central India. PARTAB. SeePratap. PARTAB BAHADUR SINGH (of Katari), Rdjd; b. March 10, 1874. The title is hereditary, having been so recognized in 1864. Belongs to the important Kanhpuria family of Rajputs, of whom the Raja Surpal Singh Bahadur (q.v.) is the chief. The great ancestor of the Kanhpurias was Kanh, from whose second son, Rahas, was descended Balbhaddar Singh, the progenitor of the Rajas of Katari. The late Rajd Sarn&m Singh died childless in February 1869, leaving the estate to his widow, Rani Harnath Kunwar, for life, with power to nominate an heir. She died on May 5, 1886, having left the estate to the present Rajd, who

THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA

233

was one of the nearest male relatives of R&jd Sarnam Singh, heing a descendant of Barwand Singh, Rajd Sarnam Singh's uncle. Residence : Katari, Sultanpur, Oudh.

PARTAB BAHADUR SINGH (of Tiraul), Rdjd. Succeeded to the title in 1889. The title was conferred on January 1, 1877, as a personal distinction, on the present Raja's grandfather, the late Raja Ajit Singh of Tiraul, in recognition of his signal services during the Mutiny of 1857; and in 1888 the personal title was ordered to be for two generations, i.e. for the Raja Ajit Singh and his successor. Belongs to the very ancient Sombansi Rajput family of the old Rajas of Partabgarh, being descended from Sujan Sah, a younger son of the Raja Sangram Sah of Partabgarh. During the Mutiny of 1857, when the Raja Gulab Singh of Tiraul refused to receive the fugitives from Sultanpur, his nephew, Ajit Singh, then of Mallupur, took them into his fort, protected them for many days, and then escorted them himself, with as many followers as he could command, to Allahabad. For this his house and property were sacked by the rebels, and he had to flee from Oudh. He continued loyally to render good services throughout the period of the disturbances, and at the restoration of order received all the Tiraul estates, with a khilat, and ultimately with the title of Rajd. He was an Honorary Magistrate, and had the powers of an Assistant Collector. He died in 1889, and was succeeded (under the orders of 1888) by his grandson, the present Rajd, whose title, on January 1, 1898, was made hereditary. Residence : Tiraul, Partabgarh, Oudh. PARTAB BAHADUR SINGH (of Karwar), Rdjd; b. August 31, 1876. The title is hereditary, having been so recognized in December 1864. The Raja is the chief representative of the great Hindu Bachgoti sept of the illustrious

Chauhan clan of Rajputs, claiming descent from Chahir Deo, brother of the renowned Prithvi Raj, last Chauhan Emperor of Delhi and Ajmir. His descendant, Bariar Singh, fled from the wrath of the Emperor Ala-uddin Khilji, and, wandering eastward, settled in the Sultanpur district. He

married the daughter of R£j& Ram Deo, the Bilkharia Raja of Patti, and ultimately ousting his brother-in-law, seized the estate and the famous fort of Kot Bilkhar. He was succeeded at Kot Bilkhar by his youngest son, Raj Singh, who had three sons, of whom the second, Rup Singh, became the ancestor of the Hindu Bachgoti Rajas of Karwar and of the Musalman Bachgoti Rajas of Hasanpur {see Mehdi Ali Khan, Raja of Hasanpur). The late Raja Madho Pratab Singh of Karwar died without heirs, and left the estate to his widow, Rani Kishnath Kunwar. She adopted the present Raja, and left him the estate on her death in June 1885. He is a minor, the estate being under the Court of Wards, and is being educated at the Wards' College, Agra. Residence: Sultanpur, Oudh. PARTAB CHAND, Rai Bahadur. Is an eminent banker of Allahabad. Received the title as a personal distinction on May 25, 1892. Residence : Allahabad, North- Western Provinces. PARTAB NARAYAN SINGH, Sir, K.C.I.E. (of Ajudhya), The Hon. Mahdrdjd; b. Juljr 13, 1855. Was formerly known as the Rajd of Mahdauna, the title of Raja being hereditary. The title of Maharaja is personal, and was conferred on February 16, 1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The Maharaja is

He attracted.the grandson and successor of the famous Maharajd. with the title of Rajd and the rank of premier Raja in Oudh. was appointed Ndzim of Daryabad. He was still further advanced by the succeeding Kings of Oudh. the grandfather of the present Mahdrdjd). Darshan Singh. or Quartermaster-General of the Resident's camp. one of the most prominent of the Oudh Talukdars during the Mutiny of 1857. and in 1845 his youngest son. when on leave at Lucknow. Rudauli. Belongs to a Sankaldip (or Ceylon) Brahman family. His great-grandson. He was the King's Muh- 234 THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA temin. Man Singh of Mahdauna. and in 1849 accompanied Sir William Sleeman on his memorable tour through Oudh. commenced life as a trooper in the 8th Light Cavalry. whose founder. Darshan Singh died in 1844. and a farmdn of King Muhammad Ali Shah conferred upon him the Raj of Mahdauna. was Chaudhri of Bhojpur. the notice of the Nawab Saadat Ali Khan.sukh Pathak. with the -titles of Raja Bahadur and Saltanat Bahadur. Bakhtawar Singh. who obtained his discharge. and Sultanpur. was in 1827 appointed Ndzim of Sultanpur and Faizabad. Sad&amp. and appointed him a jamaddr. and afterwards a risalddr. the late Maharaja Mdn Singh (mentioned above. Raja Bakhtdwar Singh's younger brother. He obtained from the King of Oudh the title of Rdjd Bahadur for capturing a revenue .

the Maharani Sobhao Kunwdr. In 1875 the Mahdrdni appointed another heir. and was succeeded by his widow. 1895. and though at first for a time he took part with the rebels. During the Mutiny he saved the lives of a very large number of European refugees. Oudh.defaulter of Surdjpur. Residence : Shahganj. and that of Saltanat Bahadur for arresting a notorious bandit. after much litigation. 1870. Sleeman narrates at length how Rdjd Man Singh "removed" Harpal Singh. leaving his large estates to his nephew and adopted son. In 1869 he was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Raja Man Singh. but. on October 11. He ranks third among the Barons of Oudh. for which feat he was known as Kaim Jang ("Steadfast in war"). and at present enjoys the title of Honourable. Faizabad. and died in his fiftieth year. . the Privy Council decided in favour of the succession of the present Mahdrdjd. and the grant of the extensive confiscated estates of the Raja of Gonda. The Mahdrdjd was created a Knight Com- mander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire on May 25. In 1855 Raja Bakhtdwar Singh died childless. he subsequently strenuously assisted the Government in the suppression of the Mutiny and the restoration of order. For these services he obtained the title of Maharaja Bahadur. After the annexation Rdjd Mdn Singh was deprived of his estate as a defaulter in the payment of the revenue. who is the son of Narsingh Narayan Singh of Ajudhya by a daughter of the late Mahdrdjd. Gargbansi of Maniarpur. as a member of the Legislative Council of the NorthWestern Provinces and Oudh.

the Sardar being the representative of a Kshatriya family of Fatehabad and Ferowal on the Bias. Hoshidrpur district. whose sons are at present the Sardars of Ghanauli. of whom the latter died childless. whilst the descendants of the second son. He was succeeded by his two sons. and Kardaula. Ambala.B. Manauli. Punjab. The family lost their Trans-Sutlej possessions to the Mahdrdjd Ran jit Singh . The title is hereditary. and the former had six sons.. and the . His grandson. The eldest son of the latter was Sarddr Diwdn Singh.d. Sarddr Ddl Singh. The title of Sardar is hereditary. C. PARTAB SINGH (of Mianpur). Sarddr Rdm Singh. They rendered valuable services during the Mutiny of 1857. with his brother Sardar Uttam Singh of Ghanauli.I. and conquered Ghanauli and other territories in the Cis-Sutlej States in 1756 a. for their Cis-Sutlej possessions they came under British control with the other Cis-Sutlej Chiefs. b. descended from Lala Jaswant Rai.D.. who was the second son of Sarddr Budh Singh. PARTAB SINGH BAHADUR. Sardar Partdb Singh of Ghanauli is a son of the late Sardar Bhopal Singh. dying in 1791 A. Sarddr. Colonel Maharai-Dhiraj Sir. who seized the town of Jalandhar. See Jodhpur. being representative of one branch of the family of Sikh Sardars descended from Sarddr Khushal Singh. and. the Sarddr. was succeeded by his son. and received as a reward large remissions of the commutation tax. father of Sarddr Partdb Singh.C. Bhunga. G. acquired Mianpur by conquest in the last century. hold jdgirs in Una territory. the Sardars Budh Singh and Sudh Singh. Sarddr Gurdit Singh.S. Residence: Ghanauli.PARTAB SINGH (of Ghanauli). 1846. Sarddr Bahadur.

Sardar. as well as during the Mutiny of 1857. 1820. The Sardar is the brother of Sardar Ajit Singh (q. first distinguished himself in the service .).v. Ambala. Punjab. Residence: Dhandhowal. He has a son and heir. Sardar Himmat Singh.b Singh of Dhandhowal (q. Sarddr Diwdn Singh rendered good service in the war of 1845-46. Sarddr Kharak Singh. PARTAB SINGH (of Dhandhowal). belongs to a Jat family of Sikhs. The title is hereditary. whose founder.d.). was succeeded in turn by his son Sardar Chanda Singh. His son. Residence: Miaupur. 1897. Sardar Joga Singh. His son. Sardar Man Singh. The Sardar is brother of Sardar Panj&amp.v. Punjab. Sardar Shamsher Singh. Chet Singh. Sardar. Sardar Partab Singh received the title of Sardar Bahadur on June 22. PARTAB SINGH (of Alawalpur).third son. the father of the Sardars Partab Singh. died without issue. and Sher Singh (q. conquered territory on both sides of the Sutlej in the year 1759 a. for which service the family received THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA 235 permanent benefits in the way of remissions of commutation tax.v. b. The title is hereditary. who was the Chaudhri of the Maloha ildka in the Nabha State. Hoshiarpur. descended from Chaudhri Gulab Rai. Panjab Singh.) . Belongs to a Bais Jat family. and was himself present at the battle of Firuzshahr.

The title is hereditary. except the Alawalpur and Dhogri ildkas. Sardar Achal Singh joined Sardar Ranjodh Singh of Majithia against the British in the first Sikh war. which he divided equally between Sardar Achal Singh (son of the deceased Sardar Albel Singh) and Sardar Kishan Singh. The son of Sardar Kishan Singh. Sardar Ajit Singh (q. who was an associate of Sardar Jodh Singh. Sardar Himmat was present at the conquest of Multan. and died in 1822. obtaining from time to time extensive jdairs.v. and in 1812 a. His elder son. 1827. and after Jodh Singh's death served under his son. the younger son of Himmat Singh. b. to attend on the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. He was wounded in the Tiri campaign. His . Charat Singh. from whom he received grants of land. Sardar Albel Singh. in the lifetime of his father. Sardar Partab Singh has a son and heir. and the Maharaja resumed most of his jdgirs. obtained a large jdyir on the reduction of Nalkhera.d. descended from Dhanna Singh. PARTAB SINGH (of Botala). Sardar. but subsequently rendered good service.) and the Sardar Partab Singh of Alawalpur. Punjab. died without issue. great-grandfather of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh.d. Residence: Alawalpur. including that of the Alawalpur ildka. He died in 1857. Sardar Basawa Singh. Sardar Himmat Singh died in 1826. in which he soon rose to the greatest eminence.of the Phulkian Chiefs. Jalandhar District. In 1808 a. Bhagwan Singh. he was appointed Agent of the Nabha State. entered the latter's service. and was succeeded by his two sons. the Sardar being one of the representatives of the important Kshatriya (Sikh) family of Botala.

Gujranwala. The 236 .sons followed the fortunes of the ancestors of Ranjit Singh. September 10. and was severely wounded in the endeavour to defend him. obtained a Dress of Honour. Residence: Punjab. Sardar Dharam Singh's son was Sardar Ganda Singh. and rising to high favour with Prince Salim (afterwards the Emperor Jahangir) in the Court of the Emperor Akbar. was the grandfather of Sardar Partab Singh of Botala. Sardar. PARTAB SINGH (of Rania). The title is hereditary. Sardar Dharam Singh. Sardar Dayal Singh (g. Is descended from a Jat family of ancient origin. Residence : Botala. and the grant of the territory between Nagal and Barhapura. the title of Rai. b. A scion of this family. PARTAB SINGH (of Sahanpur). Rai. named Godham Singh. The title is hereditary. Punjab. and his grandson. named Muchh Padarath.v. Sardar Kirpal Singh of Kun]ahia. who was in attendance on the Maharaja Sher Singh when that prince was assassinated. the late Rai Daichand. where his son Sardar Kirpal Singh (one of the younger brothers of Sardar Partab Singh) was wounded. The Sardar Partab Singh of Botala has a son and heir. that came from Jind in the middle of the 16th century. 1897. Succeeded his father. and Sardar Joala Singh.). He was killed at the battle of Firuzshahr. founded the town of Nagal on the Ganges. on October 9. The Sardar Ganda Singh was succeeded by his four sons — Sardar Partab Singh being the eldest. 1866.

and is consequently one of the Chiefs of the illustrious Sesodia clan of the Rajputs. drove Udai Singh to the jungles. and called after his name. was a man of great influence. the future founder of Udaipur.d. during the subsequent campaigns of the Mughal Emperors. founded the State of Partabgarh. by the great Mughal Akbar. whence he subsequently issued to build Udaipur — the Rawat Bhikaji. Belongs to a family that is a junior branch of that of " the Sun of the Hindus. Bijnaur. Mahdrdwat of. A ruling chief. great-grandfather of the present Rai." the Maharana of Udaipur. which is now paid through the British Government. to submission to Delhi .. and the Chief of Indore still receives that tribute. PARTABGARH. and in the reign of the Emperor Shah Jahan the Rawat received from that monarch the title of Maharawat. Succeeded to the gadi February 18. In 1561 a. His Highness Maharawat Raghunath Singh Bahadur. The present town of Partabgarh was built by the Maharawat Partab Singh. North-Western Provinces. with its capital at Deolia. b. it is distant about eight miles east of the ancient capital of Deolia. a scion of the Royal house of the Sesodias.THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA Rajd Tapraj Singh. was Rana — and just seven years before the terrible sack of Chitor. about the beginning of the 18th century. Residence : Sahanpur. Partabgarh passed under British control in 1818. Partabgarh was reduced. the ancient capital of the Sesodias. . 1890. 1857. With the other States of Rajputana. when Udai Singh. On the establishment of the Mahratta power in Malwa the Maharawats became tributary to Holkar. which his descendants retain.

Sind. 1877. Dalpat Singh." and she is also styled "The Junior Rani of Travancore. The area of the State is 1460 square miles. Rao Bahadur. 1887.568. the late Maharawat Udai Singh. Dalpat Singh died in 1864. PARUMAL KHUBCHAND. 454 infantry. See Pratap. b. The Government of India has recognized the Rani's right to bear the title of " Her Highness. on the occasion of the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of India. Is the sister of His Highness the Maharaja of Travancore (q. His Highness. Her Highness the Rani. Rao Bahadur. and was conferred on January 1. and was conferred on February 16.v. Rajputana. Bombay. Residence : Partabgarh.In 1844 the Maharawat died. and its population is 79. with his chief feudatories.229 Bhils (aboriginal tribe) and 4243 Mubammadans.). and was succeeded by his son. but who resigned Dungarpur on his succession to Partabgarh. chiefly Hindus. Residence : Surat. who had become Maharawal of Dungarpur by adoption." Residence : Trivandrum. . PARTAP. Residence : Karachi. Travancore. Southern India. and 4 guns . The title is personal. and was succeeded by his grandson. PARVATI BAI. PARVATI SHANKAR MANISHANKAR DAVE. but including 24. 1850. maintains a military force of 327 cavalry. The title is personal. on the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Diwan. He was followed by the present Maharawat in 1890. and is entitled to a salute of 15 guns.

Punjab. 18