This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE / DEPARTMENT BUILDING TECHNOLOGY
CONTENTS FAÇADE DESIGN MASTER MASTER PROGRAM COURSES SEMESTER 1 & 2 COURSES SEMESTER 3 COURSES SEMESTER 4 CHAIR DESIGN OF CONSTRUCTION FAÇADE RESEARCH GROUP CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS PARTNERS FROM INDUSTRY INTERNATIONAL NETWORK OF UNIVERSITIES ADMISSION AND CONTACT 2 4 8 10 14 16 18 20 22 26 27 Concrete façade with integrated heating system. Zollverein School of Managament (architect: Sanaa) i .
the Façade Design Program at TU Delft Faculty of Architecture . typology. but also because it needs to fulfill extremely high technological and functional demands. With its holistic approach. Careers The Façade Design Program is one of the two specialization areas of the general MSc Building Technology track. at Detmold School of Architecture and Interior Design.FAÇADE DESIGN MASTER “A growing complexity of design and building processes require increased specialisation of important areas of architecture. safety. Within this context. have to fulfill several technical and architectural demands and functions related to a broad range of aspects and engineering disciplines. by participating in international symposia and workshops. fabrication and assembly of façades. International network Within the Façade Design Program the Faculty of Architecture also works with partner universities in Germany (Detmolder Schule für Architektur) and Switzerland (Luzerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts).Department of Building Technology . Key topics are energy consumption and sustainability. A façade defines not only a building’s appearance and its architectural expression. Link to practice Due to the cooperation. You may also choose to start your own business or Façade Mercedes Benz Museum. the International Façade Master offers ideal advanced education for individual positioning and future-oriented specialisation within the field of architecture. Not only because the facade coins the perception and design of architecture. materialization. for example. students also benefit from close links with professional practice. Stuttgart (architect: UN Studio) 1 2 . MSc graduates in Building Technology with the specialization Façade Design might find a career as either a technical generalist or a façade specialist at architecture or engineering firms. pleasant ambience and sustainability. facade planning as an integral part of the overall architectural process. the KCG (Knowledge Centre of the Dutch façade industry) and several related façade manufacturers (Oskomera Group and Scheldebouw/Permasteelisa). façades play an important role and thus. you can benefit from these international contacts. Façade Research Group The education is strongly interconnected with the research and practical applications of the Façade Research Group (part of chair DOC). in the façade or supply industry. complex and multidisciplinary parts of a building. member of design team UN Studio) Façades are one of the most technically challenging. or project development sectors. knowledge and re- search exchange with the VMRG (Dutch Façade Builder Association). In view of this fascinating and multidisciplinary context. As a student. The success of a building is measured in terms of its technical functionality with regard to comfort. plays a major role. Hereby.“ Marco Hemmerling (Prof.will teach MSc candidates how to design and develop façade structures on an academic level. but also how well it functions.
This is structured as an integrated design process driven by quantitative performance evaluations on three aspects: structure. During this year a wide range of theory and integrated design components are covered related to different disciplines such as mechanics. compuScheme of Msc track Building Technology and Architectural Engineering tation and modeling and production techniques. This specialization focuses on architecture and engineering as the inseparably linked basis for building design. First year Both the Building Technology tracks (Façade Design and Research & Development) and the Architectural Engineering specialization share a common base in the first year. on how these relate to each other and to the architecture of the building. and complete the process with virtual and physical prototypes. Second year At the end of the second semester students will have to make their final choice for one of the 3 4 . students work on the spatial-functional design of a building in applying building system integration from concept phase on. components and (sub)systems of building structures. The other specialization is Research & Design. product development. Quantitative research relates to acoustic. they move on to a final design in drawings. In the first semester. climate and construction. ‘Component & System design’ focuses on system development of a façade in the context of a building design. ‘Building Design’. focuses on the innovative and sustainable design of elements. building physics. The Building Technology track. In the second semester. In addition to this track the Department of Building Technology of the TU/ Faculty of Architecture also offers the specialization Architectural Engineering. which focuses on materials. Students start the design process by developing an innovative concept in the form of a programmatic and visual scenario. material science. consisting of these two specializations. climate and sustainability or product development. heat transfer and structural performance as input. quantitative performance studies.MASTER PROGRAM The Façade Design Program is one of the two specializations of the MSc Building Technology track at Delft University of Technology. The first year forms the basis for the specialized in-depth studies of the second year.
The fourth semester builds on the graduate project preparation.MASTER PROGRAM three BT specializations: Architectural Engineering. Example façade with prefabricated elements Also an (international) symposium and additional workshops are part of this course. In parallel to the more theoretical course Façade Technology. The second quarter of 3rd semester consists of preparation work for the graduation project in the 4th semester. 3) Sustainability.on a specific and varying research topic. Lectures of the course are embedded within several themes: 1) Architecture and façades. completed in the previous semester. The course Façade Technology consists of several lectures organized by the Faculty of Architecture and the Faculty of Civil Engineering & Geosciences of TU Delft and parties from professional practice: the VMRG (Dutch Façade Builder Association). the KCG (Knowledge Centre of the Dutch façade industry) and several related façade manufacturers. Students work on an individual graduation project. 6) Safety aspects of facades and 7) Quality aspects of facades. The thesis can be directly related to one of the Façade Research Programmes as organized within the Façade Research Group or to the façade industry by means of a in-company graduation project. climate and comfort 4) Production and assembly of façades. comprising a technical research assignment in an innovative or design research domain. 5 6 . 2) Construction and detailing of façades. The first quarter of the 3rd semester of the Façade Design Program consists of the courses Façade Technology and Future Façade Design. The Façade Design Program starts twice a year. After this first year.by means of a more practical research and design assignment . being relevant within the Façade Research Group (part of chair DOC). all three specializations will diverge into their own direction. Research & Development or Façade Design. 5) Materials and facades. in the first and third quarter of the academic year respectively. the course Future Façade Design focuses . Façade Design Program students will follow an in-depth program focused on façades during the 3rd and 4th semester.
AR2B020 Construction Design (2 ECTS) . see appendix B or TU Delft Course browser (www.AR2B010 Applied Mechanics II (2 ECTS) .AR2B160 Building Analysis (1 ECTS) + 15 ECTS free electives FEM analysis of cold bridge of aluminium profile (item of course Building Physics I & II) 7 8 .AR2B040 Structural Design (2 ECTS) .AR2B070 Building Physics II (2 ECTS) .AR1B081 Product Design (8 ECTS) .AR2B060 Techn.nl). Building Design I (4 ECTS) . Please note that both the Building Technology tracks (Façade Design and Research & Development) and the Architectural Engineering specialization share the same course program during the first two semesters.AR1Ar060 Architectonic design I (3 ECTS) .studiegids.AR1B050 Material Science (4 ECTS) .AR2B080 Climate Design (2 ECTS) . COURSES SEMESTER 1 .tudelft.nl).studiegids.COURSES SEMESTER 1 & 2 An overview of courses of the first two semesters of the Façade Design Master is given below: For more detailed information about the actual course contents.AR1B090 Production Techniques (2 ECTS) For more detailed information about course contents see appendix A of this booklet or TU Delft Course browser (www.AR1B010 Applied Mechanics (4 ECTS) .tudelft.AR1B071 Building Physics I (5 ECTS) . COURSES SEMESTER 2 .AR1B030 Computer Aided Design I (4 ECTS) .
Potsdamer Platz. Several case studies will be discussed.) and refurbishment in rela- 9 10 . 1st quarter of semester 3): The course Façade Technology focuses on specific and changing topics relevant to the façade industry and architectural practice. architecture and future façade principles. students in this course will have to work independently on a technical research and design assignment (mostly related to new (future) façade technologies) in order to apply and test their theoretical knowledge so far and to further improve their research. Lectures The major part of the course Façade Technology consists of several lectures organized by the Faculty of Architecture and the Faculty of Civil Engineering & Geosciences of TU Delft and parties from professional practice: the VMRG. The assignment will be related to one specific and varying façade theme . climate and comfort’: focus on different façade principles (double façade. there is a period of approximately 7 weeks (approx. ´Ceramic´ façade. climate façade. The course consists of a theoretical part. 3 a 4 days per week) of independent working. under supervision and with consults of the teacher involved.COURSES SEMESTER 3 AR3420 Future Façade Design (9 ECTS. as well as a symposium and accompanying workshops. design and engineering skills. the KCG and several related façade manufacturers. 1st quarter of semester 3): Within the fascinating and complex context of modern and future façades. 2) ‘Construction of façade’: façade detailing.being relevant to the façade industry and architectural practice – and will be embedded within one of the current façade research programmes of the Façade Research Group (part of Design of Construction). consisting of a couple of lectures on the related topic and followed by a brainstorm and workshop session. calculation and construction principles. Berlin (architect: Renzo Piano Workshops) AR3420 Façade Technology (6 ECTS. 3) ‘Sustainability. The assignment will start with a small workshop. During these seven weeks each student will have to work out their ideas and solutions to a higher and more detailed plan level. Lectures of the course are embedded within several themes: 1) ‘Architecture and façades’: within this theme the focus will be on façade design. After the workshop. etc.
7) ‘Quality aspect of facades’: focus on several building standards and quality control for façade industry.Production and assembly aspects of facades on site.).) 6) ‘Safety aspects of facades’: focus on typical safety aspects such as fire safety. The preparation work can be directly related to collaborating companies and/or current research projects within de Façade Research Group (part of chair Design of Construction). burglar resistance. .Etc.).Combination of aspects. etc. . etc. 5) ‘Materials and facades’: focus on some typical materials commonly used in façade industry (glass. . ´Jackbox´. fall safety.Design of and research in new sustainable and more ecological facades. etc. which will be recorded in a report. prefab unit. This involves drawing up a learning plan and completing a preparatory course of study. Depending on the University that is organising the conference and workshops the location will be Detmold. aluminium. specific details connections. student work at University of Detmold (partner University) AR3B410 Graduate Project Preparation Research & Design: Façade Design (15 ECTS. . Lucerne or Delft. .tudelft. One or more focus points can be (depending on the topic): . building physical aspects and climate design. Conference and workshops The conference (free access for students) and accompanying workshops are organised in cooperation with partner universities in Germany (Fachhochschule Lippe und Höxter in Detmold) and Switzerland (Lucerne University of applied Sciences & Arts) and will also be attended by students from these universities. (curved) concrete. see appendix C or TU Delft Course Browser (www. etc. For more detailed information about course contents. 11 12 . production and assembly aspects of facades will be discussed. 2nd quarter of semester 3): Preparation for graduation work on a façade related subject. The conference and workshops will take approximately one week.Special façade detail topics (special products.COURSES SEMESTER 3 tion to sustainability.nl). 4) ‘Production and assembly of façade’: process planning.Study in and exploration of future envelope principles. new developments (composites.studiegids.
COURSES SEMESTER 4 AR4B400 Laboratory of Research & Design. This graduation project builds on the graduate preparation completed in the previous semester. Graduation work: Open Modular Façade Concept (Joep Hovels) 13 14 . Façade Design (30 ECTS. This thesis comprises a specific technical research assignment . semester 4): This semester is completely focused on individual graduation work within the fields of façade technology and design. The thesis work can be directly related to one of the façade research programmes as organized within the Façade Research Group or to the façade industry by means of an in-company graduation project.tudelft. For more detailed information about course contents.nl). see appendix D or TU Delft Course Browser (www. design research and possibly the execution of design proposals by means of mock-ups .in an innovative or design research domain specific technical or research assignment related to facades.studiegids.scientific study.
facade design. This forms a synergy between research and education. Ing. The DOC-site www. In addition to a personal engagement of teachers and researchers in building projects. 15 16 .nl will give you further information about the chair. Throughout this approach. Ulrich Knaack.CHAIR DESIGN OF CONSTRUCTION The Façade Design Program is organized by the Department of Building Technology of Delft University of Technology and related chair Design of Construction (DOC). its construction principles and its relation with the manufacturing process takes place. facade design and special structural principles. That is why a conceptual idea must already capture the final shape of a building as it is perceived by its users. representing the main aim of research driven education.tudelft. Here the results of each research are tested in models in order to reveal potential problems which might occur during a project realisation on a larger scale. In parallel to the bachelor. The chair Design of Construction (DOC) aims at the main features of structural engineering. In the field of research the main focal points lie within the area of glass. individual study groups are also integrated with different parts of the curriculum. the application of construction materials and elements as well as the spaces in-between materials and elements. The Chair Design of Construction is lead by Prof.doc. master and thesis projects. By Selection of books published by chair Design of Construction undertaking research it is the chair’s aim to develop and test the implementation of new and renewed construction methods and material applications. Dr. systembuilding as well as the systematic and structural organization of the building profession. an analysis of the systematics of structural engineering. the connection between education and research is achieved by a systematic integration of the curriculum within the research projects. During the bachelor and master courses the chair covers topics such as system-building.bk. About the Chair Design of Construction An essential part of designing buildings is the necessity to translate ideas into structures.
and today façades are one of the most important elements of the installation system. Tillmann Klein E: T. In addition. more respect is paid to user friendliness and climatic performance. Façade Research Group. Research on ‘Deflateables’. For more info about the Façade Research Group and related research topics please contact the project leader of the group: Dipl. Secondly. use of vacuum technology in façades Ulrich Knaack founded the Façade Research Group at the Chair Design of Construction. Façades represent the interface between the user and his living environment and the outside world. Ing. a clear trend to more ecological solutions in terms of energy savings. The team concentrates on exploring future possibilities for the building envelope.FAÇADE RESEARCH GROUP Instruction and education is coupled with the current façade research programmes as organized within the Façade Research Group at Delft University of Technology.nl will give you further information about current research programmes.nl 17 18 . Within the Façade Research.tudelft.doc. we envision the future building being a living interactive body.bk. façade construction has undergone extensive development. The DOC-site www. Dr. Ing. Construction methods are becoming increasingly sophisticated. About the Façade Research Group During the past decades. resulting in system based design methods. There are several causes. with the façade as one of the most complex building components. Prof.Klein@tudelft. which is always expressed in the façade appearance. first the architectural development in general. According to the idea of “research driven design” and “design driven research”.
Climate . Target groups for the conferences are architects.bk. and facades can no longer be considered truly functional without a valid climate concept. building engineers and the industry. which were exclusively designed by the architect. engineering and research to share information about projects. The conference is financially supported by the Dutch and International association of metal façade builders (VMRG and FAECF).Skin The role of the building envelope related to the energy performance of a building and the comfort of the user is signiﬁcant and. Tillmann Klein / +31 (0)15 27 83098 / T. deadline 26.Loeve@tudelft.Klein@tudelft. Since the introduction of the double leafed façade.Dijkshoorn@tudelft. The theme of the conference in former years: 2007: “The Future Envelope I: A Multidisciplinary Approach”. practical experience and their visions for the future climate-oriented building envelope. For these conferences.bk. Conference on Building Envelopes Faculty of Architecture TU Delft (NL) Thursday 14. Following the successful conference “The Future Envelope” in 2007. under the aspect of sustainability. But what does that mean in practice? Can conventional methods of execution still be applied? Can the façade be compared with other disciplines. Ulrich Knaack. the performance of the future façade will be tuned in accordance with the entire building. Dr. May 2008 Conference posters 2008 and 2009 19 20 . Both conference and workshops are also part of the study program of the façade design program.tudelft. May 2009 Faculty of Architecture Chair Design of Construction in cooperation with Federation of European Window and Curtain Walling Manufacturers Associations TU Delft FAECF Conference on Climate-Oriented Building Envelopes Faculty of Architecture TU Delft (NL) Thursday 05. several international speakers are invited from different disciplines to talk about their experience and vision related to façades. and can we learn from those? 8:45 Registration 9:15 Opening speech 9:30 – 11:00 Session 1 Jan Knippers Daniel Meyer Kees Kaan 11:30 – 13:00 Session 2 Bert Lieverse Matthias Michel Mick Eekhout 14:00 – 15:30 Session 3 Tillmann Klein James O’Callahan Jan Cremers 16:00 – 17:00 Session 4 Jeroen Scheepmaker Brian Cody Oliver Kühn 17:00 – Discussion Organisation: Facade Research Group TU Delft Prof.nl Registration: www. Program 9:00 Registration 9:30 – 11:00 Session 1 Jos Lichtenberg Nico Kremers Rob Nijsse 11:30 – 13:00 Session 2 Arjan van Timmeren Graham Dodd Bert Lieverse 14:00 – 15:30 Session 3 Marcel Bilow Andrew Watts Mathias Schuler 16:00 – 17:00 Session 4 Kurt Pfenninger Jan Pesman Stefan Behnisch Just like a ﬁne musical instrument is attuned with the entire orchestra. June 2008 Faculty of Architecture Chair Design of Construction in cooperation with Federation of European Window and Curtain Walling Manufacturers Associations TU Delft FAECF The Future Envelope 3 Vereniging Metalen Ramen en Gevelbranche VMRG Facades -The Making Of The Future Envelope 2 Vereniging Metalen Ramen en Gevelbranche VMRG Architecture .Skin”. In contrast to facades by Mies van der Rohe.A.tudelft. is coming into focus more and more. The conference and workshops are obligatory part of the course Façade Technology (AR3420).M.nl Registration: www.M.the making of”. The conference is accompanied by workshop sessions with our partner universities in Detmold (Germany) and Lucerne (Switzerland) of the Façade Design program. 2009: “The Future Envelope III: Façades .nl/futureenvelope. Tillmann Klein / +31 (0)15 27 83098 / T.nl Info: Angelique Loeve / +31 (0)15 27 84094 / A. May 2009 Peter Boelhouwer / Dean Faculty of Architecture Knippers Helbig / Engineering Unversity Luzern / Facade Technology Claus en Kaan Architecten General Secretary FAECF / Industry Imagine Strucrture / Structural Design TU Delft / Octatube TU Delft / Façade Research Group Eckersly O`Callaghan / Structural Engineering HFT Stuttgart / Hightex Group Alcoa Architectural Systems / Industry TU Graz / Arup GmbH GKK Architekten Location: TU Delft Faculty of Architecture Berlagezaal Julianalaan 134 2628 BL Delft TU Eindhoven / Product Development VMRG / Facade Industry TU Delft / ABT Structural Design TU Delft / Climate Design Arup / Material Design General Secretary FAECF TU Delft / Façade Research Group Newtecnic Facade Architecture Transsolar Climate Design Emmer Pfenninger Partner AG / Facade Design Cepezed / Architecture Behnisch & Partner Architects Location: TU Delft Aula Congresscentrum Collegezaal C Mekelweg 5 2628 CC Delft 17:00 – Discussion Organisation: Facade Research Group. today’s facades are complex systems. our goal is to again gather international specialist from the ﬁelds of architecture. deadline 5. A similar concept of conference and workshops is also organised by our partner University Fachhochschule Lippe und Höxter in Detmold.Klein@tudelft.nl Info: Jolanda Dijkshoorn / +31 (0)15 27 84234 / J.nl/futureenvelope. 2008: “The Future Envelope II: Architecture Climate .CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS Conferences and workshops In the series “The Future Envelope” a yearly conference about façades is organised by the chair Design of Construction. it is obvious how the climate performance of a building can be an important tool for architectural expression. A multitude of people are involved in the very early planning phase.
real estate agents and contractors. the Oskomera Group is a leading specialist in fire-. the corrective and preventative maintenance of façades is one of a number of specialist areas. Designs range from historic steel façades to modern climate controlled and second skin façades: from advice to perfect completion. architects.right from the design stage. More info: www.PARTNERS FROM INDUSTRY The Façade Design Program has close links with professional practice via the VMRG (Dutch Façade Builder Association). Focusing on design and construction principles. More info: www. In addition. at various phases of project development.oskomera. They supports their clients. production and assembly consultancy for complex façade and steel construction projects worldwide. provide quality tests and supervise consultancy programs and knowledge projects. In addition to providing several courses the KCG has a helpdesk for short and fast consults. including project developers. the Oskomera Group develops a variety of façades and steel structures . explosive-. They provide several façade related courses. In addition. Barcelona (architect: Jean Nouvel) 21 22 .nl Solar blinds façade Torre Agbar. More information in alphabetical sequence: OSKOMERA GROUP The Oskomera Group is engaged in engineering. bulletand burglary-resistant products besides restoration and renovation. The KCG aims at spotting new technical developments in the façade field and related fields and to translate these developments into new knowledge. The KCG (Knowledge Centre of the Dutch façade industry) and several related façade manufacturers (Oskomera Group and Scheldebouw/Permasteelisa).vmrg. Over the years Oskomera has become particularly specialised in projects for solar power generation.nl KCG KCG is the Knowledge Center of the Dutch façade Industry in the field of metal (aluminium and steel) and synthetic façade elements.
conservatories and curtain walls. design and engineering.com VMRG As a trade organisation.scheldebouw. doors. and promotion.V. aluminium. specific façades in the top of the international construction market.vmrg. the environment. components and materials like shading devices. plastics etc. with a network of 50 companies in 26 countries. training. of which 25 % in R&D. copper. According to the VMRG. ceramics. legislation and regulations. steel. stainless steel. has a long history and a proven good reputation on the area of designing. Gartner and Scheldebouw. the VMRG represents manufacturers of metal façade elements such as windows. precast concrete. More info: www. More info: www. fronts.. The group contains approximately 6000 employees. These companies represent a joint annual turnover of about €600 million.nl Façade construction on site 23 24 . One of the VMRG’s primary goals is to create the best possible collaboration between the various parties that the VMRG companies encounter during the façade-building process. part of the Permasteelisa Group. On the stock market of Milan the listed Permasteelisa Group is one of the world market leaders for specific façades and interior decoration with activities on 4 continents. active and interactive façades with ventilation. good mutual communication ultimately leads to better results. The VMRG promotes the interests of its approximately 120 member companies in the areas of technology. glass. natural stone. The group uses the branch names Permasteelisa. fabrication and assembling on building sites of unique.PARTNERS FROM INDUSTRY SCHELDEBOUW/PERMASTEELISA Scheldebouw B. Scheldebouw is using all kinds of systems. market analysis.
a Department of the University of Paderborn. The University also offers postgraduate courses that confer a Certificate. courses of study involving ecological. in addition to the strongly technically and scientifically-oriented departments. is the largest in North RhineWestphalia and has a national reputation.Detmolder Schule für Architektur und Innenarchitectur (Germany) The Detmolder Schule für Architektur und Innenarchitectur of Hochschule OWL originated from the Fachhochschule Lippe and the Fachhochschule Höxter. Diploma or Master of Advanced Studies upon completion. furniture and automotive industries. interior design and civil engineering. It comprises several campuses. sociological and economic aspects. art and design. The Construction Division in Detmold. business. which function as suppliers for the building. Hochschule OWL .INTERNATIONAL NETWORK OF UNIVERSITIES Within the Façade Design Program the Faculty of Architecture also works with partner universities in Germany and Switzerland. It is imbedded in a region strongly characterized through its medium-sized corporations. as well as design and foreign languages are gathered under this new university roof. all of them centrally located in. as well as in music. Luzerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (Switzerland) In 1997. social work. are powerful drivers of business and cultural life in central Switzerland. and cultural institutions are part of our success. More than 4100 students are now enrolled in Bachelor and Master programmes at the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts. The five schools. or close to. seven regional. Innovative curricula and a stateof-the art infrastructure are geared to the needs of the students and their future employers. Research and close co-operation with local industry. with its specialized fields of architecture. which specialize in engineering and architecture. Since 2002. Their degree programmes are approved by the Federal Department of Economic Affairs. the city of Lucerne. public-funded universities of applied sciences were created in Switzerland. business. Cladding residential building Düsseldorf (architect: Frank Gehry) 25 26 .
Knaack@tudelft.nl E: UK@PDUK. Dr.bk.nl For more information about the Faculty of Architecture see: www.C.nl P: +31 (0)15 27 81064 (Responsible MSc Building Technology Track Coordinator) Faculty of Architecture Department Building Technology Julianalaan 134 2628 BL` Delft The Netherlands 27 . please contact the MSc Building Technology Track Coordinator.de About MSc Building Technology Track: ir.C.vanDooren@tudelft.studyat.G.ADMISSION AND CONTACT ADMISSION Students applying for admission to the Building Technology track.tudelft. Ulrich Knaack E: U. Ing. For more information about application and admission see: www.nl CONTACT For more info about the Façade Design Master please contact: About Façade Design Program: Ir. Arie Bergsma E: A.tudelft. Candidates with other degrees may need to meet additional admission requirements. must generally hold a Bachelor’s degree in Architecture or a related equivalent.Bergsma@tudelft. Elise van Dooren E: J.nl P: +31 (0)15 27 84094 (Coordinator Façade Design) Prof. specialization Façade Design.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?