Principles of Microwave Transmission Microwave transmission relies on three key elements

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y y y

Use of radio frequency to achieve the transmissions (operating between 1Ghz to 170Ghz) Clear line-of-sight with no obstacles in the way Regular relay stations required due to line of site and cost considerations

Advantages:
y y y

No cables needed Multiple channels available Wide bandwidth

Disadvantages:
y y y

Line-of-sight will be disrupted if any obstacle, such as new buildings, are in the way Signal absorption by the atmosphere. Microwaves suffer from attenuation due to atmospheric conditions. Towers are expensive to build

See Diagrams below

MICROWAVE SHOWING RF SECTION .

EXPLODED VIEW OF THE RF SECTION Courtesy Spectrum Microwave. . Inc.

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