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Project Outline

Project Outline

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Published by: Raj Rajeshwar Choudhury on Jun 12, 2011
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‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduction 1 Tourism in India 16 Important tourist destinations of India Recent developments 2 Growth [statistics] 2 Latest trends 2 Benefits of tourism 2 Conclusion 1

Introduction

contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India witnesses more than 5 million annual foreign tourist arrivals and 562 million domestic tourism visits. Ministry of Tourism is the nodal agency to formulate national policies and programmes for the development and promotion of tourism. Concerted efforts are being made to promote new forms of tourism such as rural, cruise, medical and eco-tourism. ‡ According to World Travel and Tourism Council, India will be a tourism hotspot from 2009±2018, having the highest 10-year growth potential. India's 5,000 years of history, its length, breadth and the variety of geographic features make its tourism basket large and varied. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has a growing medical tourism sector.

‡

Tourism in India with a Tourism in India is the largest service industry,

Important tourist destinations of India (by state)               1 Andhra Pradesh 2 Assam 3 Bihar 4 Chhattisgarh 5 Delhi 6 Goa 7 Himachal Pradesh 8 Jammu and Kashmir 9 Karnataka 10 Kerala 11 Madhya Pradesh 13 Manipur 12 Maharashtra 15 Orissa          14 Meghalaya 16 Puducherry 17 Punjab 18 Rajasthan 19 Sikkim 22 Uttar Pradesh 20 Tamil Nadu 21 Uttarakhand 23 West Bengal .

. Gnana Saraswati Temple .ramappa temple . Amravati's siva temple .Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh has a rich cultural heritage and a variety of tourist attractions. Andhra Pradesh is the home of many religious pilgrim centers of tourist interest such as Tirupati . beaches and temples.thousand pillar temple in Warangal. forests. vemulavada temple. The state of Andhra Pradesh comprises scenic hills.Srisailam. Buddhist centres at Amravati.

the Manas National Park and Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. the largest river island Majuli. Guwahati. Kamakhya temple. historic Sivasagar famous for the ancient monuments of Ahom Kingdom. Assam boasts of famous wildlife preserves ± the Kaziranga National Park. . the capital city of Assam.Assam Assam is the central state in the North-East Region of India and serves as the gateway to the rest of the Seven Sister States. Other notable features include the Brahmaputra River.

Kesariya.Muzaffarpur. Munger.So npur.Sasaram.Bihar Bihar is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world with history of 3000 years. Other Attraction includes Mahabodhi Temple.Gaya. Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library. . Places of tourist interest are: Patna. a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Barabar Caves. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments that are dotted all over this state.Takht Sri Patna Sahib.Darbhanga.Nalanda.

forests and wildlife. Sirpur. Bhoramdeo temple. Ratanpur and Malhar. mountains. Ramgarh and Sita Bengra. Rajim.. .Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh is a new state but with an ancient civilization. Main attractions of Chhattisgarh are Chitrakot Waterfalls. The state is blessed by nature with magnificent water falls. which can be felt by visiting the historical remains in the state. There are many tourist attractions worth seeing. Kutumsar Caves.

Qutub Minar. A fine blend of old and new.Delhi Delhi is the capital city of India. Red Fort. Humayun's tomb. ancient and modern. Jama Masjid. Delhi currently has many renowned historic monuments and landmarks such as the Tughlaqabad fort. Lotus temple. Laxminarayan Temple. Purana Quila. . Delhi is a melting pot of cultures and religions. Rashtrapati Bhavan. India Gate. Lodhi Gardens. Modern monuments include Jantar Mantar.

Hindu temples. and wildlife sanctuaries. Dudhsagar Falls. and Shantadurga are famous attractions in Goa.Goa Goa is one of the most famous tourist destinations in India. Mangueshi Temple. Portuguese churches. The Basilica of Bom Jesus. and dance performances. with colorful masks and floats. The Goa Carnival is a world famous event. drums and reverberating music. Goa is famous for its excellent beaches. .

paragliding.Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is famous for its Himalayan landscapes and popular hill-stations. Many outdoor activities such as rock climbing. ice-skating. is very popular among tourists. Other popular hill stations include Manali and Kasauli. The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a Mountain railway which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. the state capital. mountain biking. . and heli-skiing are popular tourist attractions in Himachal Pradesh. Shimla.

Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India. . The Hindu holy shrines of Amarnath and Vaishno Devi attract thousands of Hindu devotees every year. Often dubbed "Paradise on Earth". Hindu and Muslim shrines. Srinagar Phalagam. Yeusmarg and Mughal Gardens etc. gardens and forts. Tourism forms an integral part of the Kashmiri economy. It is noted for its scenic landscape. Notable places are Dal Lake. Gulmarg. castles. ancient temples and mosques.

The monuments present at Badami. Jog falls of Karnataka is one of the highest waterfalls in Asia. Pattadakal. which are at Hampi and Pattadakal. Gokarna. This state has 21 wildlife sanctuaries and five National parks. . and many more are places of tourist interest. Karnataka has many beaches at Karwar.Karnataka Karnataka has been ranked as fourth most popular destination for tourism among states of India. Surathkal. Aihole. Karnataka has two World heritage sites. Hampi. Murdeshwara.

. coupled with its varied demography. Nicknamed as one of the "10 paradises of the world" by National Geographic. has made it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Kerala is known for its tropical backwaters and pristine beaches such as Kovalam. Its unique culture and traditions.Kerala Kerala is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. Kerala is famous especially for its eco-tourism initiatives.

Sanjay. . Madhya Pradesh has famous national parks like Kanha. Shivpuri. Pench. exquisitely carved temples. the Tomb of Rani Lakshmibai. Gwalior is famous for its fort.Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh is called the "Heart of India" because of its location in the centre of the country. forts and palaces are dotted all over the state. and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Jai Vilas Palace. stupas. Innumerable monuments. Bandhavgadh. The temples of Khajuraho are world-famous for their erotic sculptures. Md. Ghaus & Tansen.

Ajanta Caves. . Ellora Caves and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus are the three UNESCO World Heritage sites in Maharashtra and are highly responsible for the development of Tourism in the state.Maharashtra Maharashtra is the second most visited state in India by foreign tourists. Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations together contribute for the Tourism sector of Mahrashtra. from the ancient Elephanta Caves. Mumbai is the most popular cosmopolitan city in India which is known for its architecture.

Manipur Manipur as the name suggest is a land of jewels. Some of the main tourist attractions are: Imphal (Capital) Churachandpur Keibul Lamjao National Park War cemeteries Loktak Lake Moreh . The beautiful and seasonal Shirui Lily at Ukhrul .Sangai and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are few of the rare things found in Manipur.

trekking and hiking. Weinia falls . Meghalaya. water sports etc. also offers many adventure tourism opportunities in the form of mountaineering. Cherrapunjee is one of the most popular tourist spots in North East of India.Bishop Falls etc.Meghalaya Meghalaya has some of the thickest surviving forests in the country.The hot springs at Jakrem near Mawsynram is also important tourist spot. rock climbing. The popular waterfalls in the state are the Elephant Falls. Meghalaya has 2 national parks and 3 wildlife sanctuaries. Shadthum Falls. Therefore constitutes one of the most important ecotourism circuits in the country today. .

the classical and ethnic dance forms and a variety of festivals. The Sitalsasthi Carnival is a must see for everyone who wants to see a glimpse of the art and culture of Odisha at one place. . especially the Konark Sun Temple and The Leaning Temple of Huma. art and natural beauty. Ancient and medieval architecture. religion. culture. pristine sea beaches.Orissa It has been a preferred destination from ancient days for people who have an interest in spirituality. Orissa is also famous for its well-preserved Hindu Temples.

Puducherry is one of the most popular tourist destinations in South India. Mahe and Yanam. churches. temples. combined with the systematic town planning and the well planned French style avenues. Karaikal.Puducherry. still preserve much of the colonial ambience. and statues. which. The city has many beautiful colonial buildings.Puducherry The Union Territory of Puducherry comprises four coastal regions viz. .

Some of the villages in Punjab with their beautiful traditional Indian homes. culture and history. . farms and temples. spirituality and epic history. ancient civilization.Punjab The state of Punjab is renowned for its cuisine. is a must see for any visitor that goes to Punjab. India-Pakistan border at Wagah is also a popular tourist attraction. Punjab also has a rich religious history incorporating Sikhism and Hinduism. Tourism in Punjab is principally suited for the tourists interested in culture.

Rajasthan Rajasthan. literally meaning "Land of the Kings". Attractions: Jaipur Jodhpur Udaipur Jaisalmer Barmer Bikaner Mount Abu Pushkar Keoladeo National Park . is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Northern India. The vast sand dunes of the Thar Desert attract millions of tourists from around the globe every year.A UNESCO World Heritage Site Nathdwara Ranthambore .

Tsangpo Lake Sikkim is considered as the land of orchids.Handicraft Shops 5. . which in the local language means "peaceful home". Sikkim is well known among trekkers and adventure lovers.Baba Mandir 2.Sikkim Originally known as Suk-Heem.Rumtek Monastry 4.Nathula Pass 3. The important places to visit are: 1. mystic cultures and colorful traditions.

Kodaikanal. Tamil Nadu has some great temples like Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple. Yelagiri are widely visited. . Hill stations like Yercaud. Kanyakumari is the southernmost tip of India provides scenic view of sunset and sunshine over the Indian ocean. Ooty. Valparai. The state also holds the credit of having maximum number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (5) in India. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple. Brihadeeswarar Temple.Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu is the top state in attracting the maximum number of foreign tourists in India.

It boasts of some old hill-stations developed during British era like Mussoorie. Char-dhams. Badrinath. skiing slopes and dense forests. Trisul are peaks above 23000 Ft. valley of flowers. Neelkanth. Almora and Nainital. Chaukhamba. snow-clad mountains. Panchachuli. Nanda Devi . and many shrines and places of pilgrimage.Dunagiri. It contains glaciers.Uttarakhand Uttarakhand is called "the abode of the Gods". Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in the Himalayas. . Kedarnath.

Varanasi.Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh is important with its wealth of monuments and religious fervour. It also has a rich cultural heritage. It is also home of India's most visited site. and Hinduism's holiest city. Ayodhya. . Kanpur. Prayag. and at the heart of North India. Sarnath. Places of interest include Varanasi. Dudhwa National Park and Fatehpur Sikri. Mathura. Agra. Lucknow. Jhansi. Allahabad. Uttar Pradesh has much to offer. the Taj Mahal.

Towards the British colonial period came the architecture of Murshidabad and Coochbehar. Some of the major buildings of this period are well maintained and several buildings have been declared as heritage structures. Darjeeling is a beautiful hill station which lies in the lap of Himalayas. Almost all regions of this beautiful state is full of greenery. Wildlife of sunderban is famous which attracts many tourists . it is the only state of India which extends from sea coast to the Himalayas.West Bengal Kolkata. one of the many cities in the state of West Bengal has been nicknamed the City of Palaces. The Hindu architecture of Bishnupur in terracotta and laterite sandstone are renowned world over.

‡ The Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur. ‡ The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata. ‡ The Nalanda is located in the Indian State of Bihar. was completed in 1986 and serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian Subcontinent. built for Queen Victoria . ‡ The Bahá'í temple in Delhi. The Golden Temple is located in Amritsar. ‡ The Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. built during the British Raj. ‡ The Taj Mahal Palace is an icon of Mumbai. India. Tamil Nadu have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. ‡ The Victoria Terminus in Mumbai. ‡ The Hawa Mahal in Jaipur also known as Palace of Winds. Tamil Nadu ‡ The Airavateswara temple in the town of Darasuram. It has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles.E to 1197 C. ‡ The Golden Temple is one of the most respected temples in India and the most sacred place for Sikhs. Tamil Nadu. ‡ The Shore Temple.Historic monuments 1 ‡ The Taj Mahal is one of India's best-known sites and one of the best architectural achievements in India. Punjab. was a Buddhist center of learning from 427 C.E.

Nature tourism ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Wildlife in India Hill stations Beaches Adventure tourism .

Kaziranga. Kanha. Ranthambore. The world's largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in southern West Bengal. Some well known national wildlife sanctuaries include Bharatpur. The country's protected forest consists of 75 National parks of India and 421 sanctuaries. Bengal Tiger. often engrained culturally and religiously often being associated with deities. India also has a large variety of protected wildlife. Leopard and Indian Rhinoceros. many of which are unique to the subcontinent. Manas National Park. .2 Wildlife in India India is home to several well known large mammals including the Asian Elephant. Periyar. of which 19 fall under the purview of Project Tiger. Asiatic Lion. Sundarbans and Keoladeo National Park are UNESCO World Heritage Site. Manas and Sariska. The Kaziranga National Park. Corbett. Its climatic and geographic diversity makes it the home of over 350 mammals and 1200 bird species.

Several hill stations served as summer capitals of Indian provinces. but many hill stations remain popular summer resorts. Yercaud and Kodaikanal in Tamil Nadu Shillong in Meghalaya Shimla. Araku. or. princely states. Srinagar and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir Darjeeling in West Bengal Munnar in Kerala Ooty. Most famous hill stations are: Mount Abu.It is also known as The Queen of Satpura. the role of these hill stations as summer capitals has largely ended. Madhya Pradesh . of British India itself. Kullu in Himachal Pradesh Nainital in Uttarakhand Gangtok in Sikkim Mussoorie in Uttarakhand Manali in Himachal Pradesh Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh 1 Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Haflong in Assam Hill stations . Andhra Pradesh Gulmarg. Since Indian Independence. Rajasthan Pachmarhi. in the case of Shimla.

Puducherry Beaches of Mahabalipuram Beaches in Mumbai Beaches of Diu Beaches of Midnapore. Kerala Marina Beach. Some of the famous tourist beaches are: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Beaches of Vizag.Beaches ‡ India offers a wide range of tropical beaches with silver/golden sand to coral beaches of Lakshadweep. Orissa Beaches of Digha. Chennai City Beach. Andhra Pradesh Beaches of Puri. West Bengal Beaches of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Beaches of Lakshadweep Islands 1 . West Bengal Beaches of Goa Kovalam Beach. States like Kerala and Goa have exploited the potential of beaches to the fullest.

some of these are:Skiing in Manali.Adventure tourism Some tourist are adventures in nature. on the other this difficult places having scenic natural beauty attract this tourists. In India there are so many spots which offer adventure tourism. They like to travel in the adventurous tourist spots. Himachal Pradesh River rafting and kayaking in Himalayas Mountain climbing in Himalayas Rock climbing in Madhya Pradesh Skiing in Gulmarg or Auli Boat racing in Bhopal 1 Paragliding in Maharashtra .

A National Policy on tourism was announced in 1982. the National Committee on Tourism formulated a comprehensive plan for achieving a sustainable growth in tourism. At Government level the development of tourist facilities was taken up in a planned manner in 1956 coinciding with the Second Five Year Plan.‡ Tourism development in India has passed through many phases. has involved the local bodies like Panchayats as well as Private institutions for the development of the tourism in India ‡ Government established Hotel Management and Catering Technology Institutes and Food Craft Institutes for imparting specialised training in hoteliering and catering 1 Recent developments . ‡ After the 80¶s the tourism activity gained momentum. Under this policy govt. The Sixth Plan marked the beginning of a new era when tourism began to be considered a major instrument for social integration and economic development. The approach has evolved from isolated planning of single unit facilities in the Second and Third Five Year Plans. Later in 1988. The Government took several significant steps.

It was just around 17 thousand in 1951.36 million in 1998.11.Growth ‡ Domestic tourism is as old as the Indian society. 1 . thus registering a compound annual growth of 12.7. It increased to 167 million in 1998 from just 64 million in 1990. ‡ The growth of inbound tourism since Independence has been quite impressive. domestic tourism has grown substantially during the last one decade.7 crore in 1951. Tourism receipts on the other hand have grown at a phenomenal rate of 17 per cent to Rs.540 crore in 1998 from Rs. From this level it rose to 2.8 per cent. According to available statistics.

and this slowdown in demand growth is forecasted to continue into 2009 as recession has already hit most of the top spender countries. with a negative growth in September 2008 and a 3. as room occupancy continues to decline. and the decline was exacerbated in some regions due to the outbreak of the influenza AH1N1 virus.1 Latest trends ‡ As a result of the late-2000s recession. Growth from 2007 to 2008 was only 3.3% growth in passenger traffic through September. As the global economic situation deteriorated dramatically during September and October as a result of the global financial crisis. The Asian and Pacific markets were affected and Europe stagnated during the boreal summer months. reducing their expansion rate but keeping a 6% growth from January to August 2008. The hotel industry also reports a slowdown. Only the Middle East continued its rapid growth during the same period. while the Americas performed better. reaching a 17% growth as compared to the same period in 2007. .7% during the first eight months of 2008. growth of international tourism is expected to slow even further for the remaining of 2008. with long-haul travel expected to be the most affected by the economic crisis. This negative trend intensified as international tourist arrivals fell by 8% during the first four months of 2009. This slowdown on international tourism demand was also reflected in the air transport industry. international arrivals suffered a strong slowdown beginning in June 2008.

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crafts. textiles. Many tourists are attracted to the export industry. which means that as of 2009.3 billion in 2019. and travel and tourism contributed 6 percent ($67. home furnishing.9 billion in 2009. gems and jewelry. In 2009. which includes gifts. With the increase of tourist visits. about one in every 15 citizens worked in this service industry.Benefits of tourism 1 ‡ According to the World Travel and Tourism Council. India's growth rate was ranked the highest of all southeast Asian countries. the export industry earned $16. In 2009. which will increase to $51. . this number is expected to increase to over 7 percent by 2019. which makes India a very desirable tourist destination.4 billion by 2019.3 billion) to the gross domestic product. which was expected to increase to $187. India's growth rate in tourism is expected to increase. leather. Travel and tourism also contributed over 6 percent of total employment. over 31 million people were employed in travel and tourism.

1 Conclusion ‡ .

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