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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d
: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliograﬁ: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...
dialihmediakan. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Jakarta.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Oleh karena itu. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. dapat diunduh (down load). dalam hal ini. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. pada tahun 2008. Kami berharap. Pemerintah. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. dicetak. Namun. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. digandakan.
convention. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various ﬁelds of science to prepare you to go to university. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. especially the editors and team. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. Hopefully. These activities explore your creativity. for facilitating us to publish our work. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). Last but not least. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. collaboration. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. reﬂection and language use. cultural knowledge. problem solving.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. acting out dialogues. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. Bandung. support and encouragement. July 2008 Writers iv . We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves.
9. 15. Listening. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. i. Speaking. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. 3. 17. Englishclub. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Each chapter consists four language skills. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. 10. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 8. 14. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 11. 12. v . 5. 7. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 13. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. 6.e. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. 16. 2. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. 18. 4. Reading and Writing. Learning Reﬂection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order.
Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .
accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.
Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 128
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 152
Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178
Source: Publisher's Documentation
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n
It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.
Look at the picture and answer the following questions.
Source: Publisher's Documentation
1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?
Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Cut Nia. Cut Nia. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is . What's your name? Good morning. For example: You will hear: Hello. . Dian : Really? Good. parties.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Englishclub.3 . a. . Anyway. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. b. Dian : 7 . Pay attention to the responses of greeting.. Nice to meet you. My name is Risa. 2. b. Hi. dinners and other social situations. My name is Edo.. b. 5. You can ﬁnd how to make proper introductions at business functions. a. Hello. too. Dian : 1 . 4. 9 10 Rian : . Desi.2 . 8 . Nice to meet you. Rian : Yeah. Nice to meet you. a. Cut Nia. It's Nice to See You 3 . 4 5 6 Rian : . Bye. Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. How are you? I'm just ﬁne.. a. Then. b. She meets Rian. right. Rian : Oh. Good morning.com. We are in the same class. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. they introduce each other. Good morning. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. .com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. ivillage. so I have a friend to share with. Nice to see you. My name is Edo. 3. I'm Deni. Good bye. The correct response is (b) Hi. 1. How do you do? Hi. I'm your neighbour. b. Mari Memasak Sendiri. introducing and parting expressions. I'm Cut Nia. Glad to meet you. Nice to meet you. Rudi. By the way. Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. b. What's your name? Hi. a. a.
Introduce yourself to him/ her. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 7. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 4. When you are going shopping with your father. 2. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. 1. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. 6. Ask his/her name. 3. 5. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it brieﬂy. You meet a new classmate at school. Introduce yourself to them. hometown and address.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. you meet your father's friend. 3. 5. You can add any information related to the questions. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at ﬁrst? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 2. 1. 1. Activity 7 Answer these questions. 4.
Harry : Good morning Mit.. 6. it's nice to hear your story. I see.. 7. 3. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. 8. 5. 4.. Johny. Then practise it with your friend. nice to meet you again after long holiday. I also played football and sand with my brother. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. Mirna : Anyway. 9. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. Sir. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Johny? Mr. 2. sit down. nice to meet you too. Mitha a. 1. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. d. Mirna. shorts. Mr. I went to Bali. I bought shirts. and also traditional clothes.. I swam and surfed on the beach. Toni. Mirna : Hi. How do you do Mr. b. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. c. Mirna : Wow. Johny : . It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. Mitha : Oh. It sounds great. Toni : Hello. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. d. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Mirna : Well. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . 10. I had a great vacation there. This is Mr.
1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. I (swim) two or three times a day. so I was the one who talked to people. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. Love to your parents. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and ﬁll in the following form based on the text you heard. I (hope). but he was afraid to open his mouth. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). See you soon. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. but no tourists. the food's great. but it was fun to try. Yogyakarta April. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. The people are friendly. It was a really great place.
Sri : Hi. Asep. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. How are you? Asep : I'm ﬁne. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. say greetings and partings. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. How about you? Sri : I'm ﬁne too. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally.ivillage. I can spend my whole day for cooking.Speaking In this section. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. 1. Asep : Elvi. my new friend. Let's go to the crowd. Act them out with your friends'. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. let me introduce myself. 2. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. I'm from Papua. Asep : Hello. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a speciﬁc relationship to you. perform a monologue of recount texts. My name is Ali. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others.com Study the following dialogues. Denias : By the way. 3. Nice to meet you. Denias : Hi. Source: www. Thank you. Denias : Hi. It's Nice to See You 7 . make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. Asep : Nice to meet you too. this is Denias. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. I'm Denias.
Cipto. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. Cipto. Nice to meet you. too. My hobby is cooking too. It's nice and exciting. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Andi : Nice to meet you. How's the trip? Yani : Well.. Don is my friend b. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Andi : How do you do. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Andi : Excuse me.. It was ﬁne. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Don : Pleased to meet you too. let's talk about cooking later. Asep : Alright my friends. his new colleague at the airport. then. Andi : OK. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Cipto : Great. Nice to see you. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow.. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . too. Cipto. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Thanks. . great. Don wants to meet you c. thanks. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. You must be tired. Cipto : That's very kind of you. Cipto this is Yani. Cipto : How do you do. We can talk about cooking later.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . I'm Cipto Susanto. Read the dialogues once again. Yani : Hello. Andi : Not at all. introducing. I'll take you to the Hotel ﬁrst. a.
introducing. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning... Goodbye... Hello. meeting and parting.. Let me introduce you to . Hi! I'm ... Good afternoon... Bye. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself... I'd like you to meet . Peter–Jeny. This . thanks. Goodbye. My name is . Allow me to introduce .... it's been so nice... Hello! My name is . here's Peter.. Allow me to introduce my self. Do you know . I'm . How do you do? Not bad. Bye. Excuse me my name's . How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night. My name's . How do you do? My name is . Good morning.. Fine. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night... Oh look. See you. See you later.. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . Good evening.. Good afternoon.What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings.... Good evening.. Yes. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning..... It's Nice to See You 9 . How nice to see you Hello.
I stay in the Uptown Apartment on ﬁfth Avenue. 1. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. Budi : Anyway. Budi : 5 . At a meeting. Sorry. your English teacher. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rendi : See you then. Rendi : Mine's on tenth ﬂoor. Then practise it with your partner. 4 . introduces you to Tini. your friend. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. 3. Budi : That's great. In the classroom. . Wayan is your friend. 2 Budi. you introduce Mr Lubis. He introduces Sofyan. I also stay there on eleventh ﬂoor. Goodbye. her sister. Dewi. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • ﬂag-ﬂags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. 4. his brother. 2. to you. to your father.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. I have to get going. Reni.
Study the events. At night. 5. It was great. No. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. We built the camp next to a small river. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. 1. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. Last weekend. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. so we built a ﬁre camp. my friends and I went camping. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . I didn't do anything special. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. On Monday.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. I had a lovely time. It was getting darker and colder. 3. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. The next day. we held a ﬁre camp night. Then complete the following table with different names. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. 2. 2. Look at the following example. 4. For example: 1. read poetry. danced. We sang. played magic tricks. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some ﬁsh for supper. we packed our bags and got ready to go home.
m p. 5. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time.m p.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.m pm p.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m a. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a ﬁre camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. 2. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3.m p. 1.m a.30 3.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the ﬂowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.m p.30 6 a. 4.m p. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class. Saturday Sunday 6.
7. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. and his face looked so familiar. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. but he really wanted me to have it. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. 2. 3. looking for a record store.Reading In this section. 5. He thanked me and tried to give me something. I thought it was money. read and understand recount texts. I found the record store and listened to a few records. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he ﬁnd in his wallet? Explain. I decided to buy it. I was walking down Sunda Street. 2. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. 4. It was a photo. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 1. 1. 3. 6. He was very friendly. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . so I took it. I said 'no' at ﬁrst. 8. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience.
He walked for four miles.edu. but I didn't have enough money. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . How far did the writer walk? a. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. Taken from Ready to Write. c. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. Because he didn't see alarm clock. 1. First. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. d. He got a terrible day. b.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) .focus on individual people ie use the words. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. d. c. visited . d.write in the past tense eg had. Finally. 2. He walked for three miles. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. He has a terrible day. Because he didn't set alarm clock. c. What did he do after having breakfast? a. 3. He gets a terrible day. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . c. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. d. I wanted to take a taxi. b. b. crutched. He walked for ﬁve miles. 4.au. He had a terrible day. Then.use action words eg helped. Because his alarm clock didn't work. but of course I missed it. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. Next.lmpc. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. He walked for two miles. Source: www. After breakfast. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. I or we . b.
I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. Events: tell what happened. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. The writer hopes to take a taxi. b. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and ﬁnd their synonyms. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. c. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. First. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally.5. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. missed /mɪsd/ 6. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. but of course I missed it. in what sequence. I had a terrible day yesterday. I wanted to take a taxi. d. What does the writer hope? a. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. It's Nice to See You 15 . 1.
" After driven her home I went back to my house.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. At one o'clock. Yes. Taken from New Horizons in English. I had my early breakfast. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. it was three o'clock. we had a romantic dinner. After praying and taking a bath. At seven. Finally. I was a little bit crazy. Then she said "Yes. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. She smiled. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. I met her at four o'clock. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. took a little walk and went to a movie. So. • • • • • • Use at with speciﬁc times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . because I was about to propose a girl. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her ﬁnger. Study the prepositions of time and the example. Work in pairs. It wasn't a regular day. I remembered all my lines.
2. She was born October 31.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with speciﬁc dates: on June 30 on April 21. 1. She takes the train Saturday 9. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952.au It's Nice to See You 17 . Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door.lmpc. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. 5. Adapted from www. 3. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. 4:00 the afternoon. Only after my mother was totally satisﬁed would I be allowed to rush out of the front door. I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. 1995 1998. 4.edu.
Speechless. Write it in your diary.m. 3.Writing In this section. Answer the questions that follow. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. Confuse. 3. 5. 4. Happy. This morning Andika called me. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. write recount texts. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. 28th 2008 08. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. 2. March. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 5. 1. 1.00 p. I was surprised. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. 2.
00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia.30 10.. Remember to begin with topic sentences. .00-1.30-9. At 08. He wrote his journey in his diary. I came in to the class and greeted the students. Tuesday 08.30. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. I ﬂew from his home in Mexico City to New York City.00-3..30 11.00 1. When I had seen the sights in Europe. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. Activity 4 Study the following schedule.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order.00 12..30-11.30-12. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph. It's Nice to See You 19 . After through Asia. I went to south America and ﬁnally back home to Indonesia.00 9. First.00-10. I spent a week in New York and then ﬂew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe.
decide the conclusion at each stage. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family.peperonity. He telephoned me and invited me to see a ﬁlm and I accepted. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difﬁcult talking to her. Rewrite it using your own words. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband.com Activity 6 Read this story. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. then she moved to rembang. the head of rembang regency. he started talking about himself.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. kartini.recount. her condition was getting worse and she ﬁnally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. her father was rmaa. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. As you read the text. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. his name was singgih. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. everyone knows who kartini is. her mother. nowadays indonesian women progress is inﬂuenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. but after giving birth to a son. She wouldn't say a word. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. and there was no stopping him. so I rang her and asked her for a date. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. Write it in your workbook. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice.
I never want to see him again. He was so insensitive. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. It was awful. and you should have seen Maya's face when she ﬁrst came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. Then he suggested that we took a bus. She refused everything that I offered her.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. She's a real snob. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. She explained that she was still full from lunch. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. His story I got there on time. I didn't know where to look. I was getting ready. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . His story She was a real bore. I think she was impressed by my suit. His story I would never call her again. I wasn't even hungry. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outﬁt he was wearing. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. She behaved terribly. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. but she kept muttering throughout. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. I wanted to crawl into a hole. I explained that I was Maya's date. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. I almost died of embarrassment. The ﬁlm was very funny. and never apologized. One date with her was more than enough.
the passengers were eating raw ﬁsh and meat. d. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. After a few weeks. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . c. b. a. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch ﬁsh from the sea to eat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting ﬁlm about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Paciﬁc Ocean. e.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. Although the passengers were safe.
k. The ﬁlm ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. Consider the following. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. 1. My sister and I went to see a ﬁlm last night. She put the things on her list in time order. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. i. 2. But my sister and I enjoyed the ﬁlm. j. h. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. But their boat sank and they were drowned. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 .f. g. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to ﬁnd help. 4. After they had been on the island for two months. 3. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. Activity 8 Yesterday.
What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. say greetings and goodbye. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends.Re-orientation : 2. • Good morning. my name is Dewi. • Good evening.Orientation : . introduce yourself and others. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. meeting and parting. you are expected to be able to: 1. respond to oral instructions. Parting • Goodbye. write a recount text. Now. How do you introduce yourself? 2. 6. What do you say to greet people? 3. • See you later. I am Deri. respond to the expressions of introducing. answer the questions: 1. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . perform a monologue of recount texts. 2. identify the structure of recount texts. 4. • Good night. 3. 5. • Hello.Events : . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 7. b. Language Functions a.Chapter Summary 1. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. 8. Introducing • Hi. c.
Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .
What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. respond to narrative texts. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. 1. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent.Listening In this section.
4. Oh really? That's too bad. 4. I'm delighted to hear that. a. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. No. Oh. 3. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. that's good news. b. b. Oh really? That's great. that's bad news. 2. I'm so happy. Is that right? That's too bad. a. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. b. Oh. 8. It gives me satisfaction. a. 1. 2.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. b. b. 5. 6. 3. b. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. a. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. a. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. 5. 7. 1. I'm sorry to hear that. repeat the words and expressions. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. How poor she is. Then. The best response is …. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. a. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 .
Andi : He wasn't. When do we go there. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away. their history. Mom. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. priorities and values). Hani : Thanks Mom. experiences. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. his friend. He broke his legs. Deni : Hi. 5 Andi : . Mother: My dear daughter. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. He couldn't 4 .g. your father said that he would take you to the department store. She is very happy.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. Andi. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. priorities and values). was he? Deni : He was. has just got an accident. Rudi. our history. Source: www. Hani : Thanks for your praise. experiences.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he was such in pain. Andi : Oh 3 . and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 .about. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. sympathy and affection. Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. He must have skidded in the rain. experiences.g. experiences.
7. You are excellent and brilliant. It's got Rp.000. 5. 7. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. 3. Well done. Number one has been done for you.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. 4. 3. 4. 2. I heard that Budi was in jail. 8. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. 4. You get Rp 10. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. Yesterday. Many people died and got serious injured. 2. 1. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. Then make the best response for each expression. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. 1. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard.000 credit bonus. 5. 6. I've lost my wallet somewhere. 8. 2. 3. You get a free ticket for this holiday. 100. Congratulations. Rendi was knocked down by a car. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 .on it. Did you hear that Mr. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. on the TV news.
"Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. Finally. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. However. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . Taken from Readings to Remember.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. Then. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conﬂict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The little girl said yes she was. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. Different writers organise their stories in different ways.
It gives me a great pleasure. 8. 7. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. I'm so happy. Your brother has a problem. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 6. He looks sad. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. 1. One of your friends had an accident. what are the expressions? 4. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . It makes me happy. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. 3. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. I'm delighted to hear that. What a shame. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. Are you ﬁne? Oh dear. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 2.Speaking In this section. 10. What a nice news. 1. I know how it feels. 5. 4. 9. It's really great.
pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. no. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you.. e. It's always hard to lose someone you love. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. c. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. It's lovely.. Mommy…. Come on. Retno : Yes. However.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. I am going to work. poor John. The italicised sentence is used to express . Ali : Thanks. Retno : Mommy. I hope so. you know. Basri : Of course. Go tell your daddy. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. She is very happy. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. You don't look very happy. Mother : I'm right here. Basri : Hi. d. Retno : Dad. that's wonderful. where is mom? Father : She is back there. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. b.. I'm so happy right now. I can't still believe that she's gone. I will. What's up? Retno : Mom. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ivan. Mother : Yes. this week has been so terrible for me. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. : Oh. Then act them out in front of the class. Ali. I hope he'll be better soon. Pay attention to your expressions.
Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy.. I'm extremely sorry to hear that.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. Oh dear. Oh that's awful. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. sympathy and affection. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . What's wrong with you? Hope you will be ﬁne. I'm with you. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . Hooray! It's lovely. I'm delighted to hear that... It gives me a great pleasure. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. I'm so happy. What a terrible situation for you. sorry to hear that. I do sympathise (I assure you).
Express your sympathy in the dialogue. You have my sincere . Eka : I know that Sir. I'm afraid I cannot ﬁnish my job at the moment. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . that's excellent. Sir. 1. I'm for you.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Mother : Oh really. Wandi : Mommy. Ranti : Thanks Mom. Your friend's father has passed away. 2. Activity 5 Now. make dialogues based on the following situations. Eka : Thank you. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Eka : Excuse me. Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to ﬁnish this project right away. Then act them out with your friends'. Then practise them with your friends'. I'm . I'll take . Sir. Sir. you know what. Mother : I'm right here. I'm so now. mommy…. Take all the time you need. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. He is very happy. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. Mr Andrew : Oh. Use the expressions you have learned. Eka? Eka : Well. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Don't worry about this project.
in which case they would have bought salt from him. His father told him that he should have poured water on the ﬁre instead. only to be thrown out by the people. Rushing to the place. 1. if he wanted to sell salt there. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. Then. In the final event. In the next place he went to. He stepped in to stop the ﬁght and was gored to death by angry bulls. the man saw two bulls ﬁghting with each other. When he returned home. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. again to be chased away. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. He ﬁrst went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. Do a storytelling to your friends. he started drumming and dancing. a couple were ﬁghting with each other. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. There he dug a huge hole. they would have bought his salt. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. the people there would have bought salt from him. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. 4. 3. 2. Taken from English Bestseller 12. he went to a village where there happened to be a ﬁre. This made the people angry and they chased him away. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. When he returned home.
death /deθ/ 8. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. Well. events and outcome of the story. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3.. 2.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. There was a rich man having three sons. he gave them much money. As their sons were no longer children. 1. Can't you imagine that . Make sure that you fully understand the story. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. 1. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. characters. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. dug /dʌg/ 2. Example: Let me tell you something. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. It could be a folk tale or a legend. pour /pɔ:/ 4. Identify the setting. Retell it in front of the class. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. Use the following steps as your guide...) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well.
superhero c. At once curious and conﬁdent. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . And so he experiments considerably.grimmfairytales. 1. fable b. read and understand narrative texts. a. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. 2. May 10. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. Decide the types of them.com Visit www. and retell it in front of your class. a Englishclub. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'.Reading In this section. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. science-ﬁction f. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. Source: Publishers Weekly. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. Activity 1 Answer these questions. by Sue Robinson. folk tale d. Use your dictionary to check new words. Bear in the Barnyard. fantasy g. Choose one of your favourites. adventure e.
by Paul Bright. What type of ﬁction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-ﬁction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . May 10. It shows you types of ﬁction read by students in a class. warty and winged. these monsters ﬂee the bedroom when they discover the child. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow.b Under the Bed. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. spiney red.5% 7. Hairy green. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.
I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. You must do something to earn your own living. "What stupid sons I have!" He said.1. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. One day." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. When I die. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. Now. You must do the same. One day. he said to his sons. What type of ﬁction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite ﬁction? Can you ﬁll in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of ﬁction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. Instead. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. They had spent all their money uselessly. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. 4. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. The eldest son met a hunter. The second son met a basketmaker. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. he killed his father. 2. He thought that hunting would be ﬁne so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. "You are no longer children. the eldest son tried to shoot a ﬂy on his father's forehead. 3. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. I am not going to leave you very much money. You can use it to start your own business. he was very angry.
" he said. He put his bag on the ﬂoor near his table. "You must send your son away. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. Because of this. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. a young man came to the inn. The young man thanked him. It was full of small gold bars." He looked inside. That evening." he said. he picked up his bag. they were very unhappy. Sau Ling was very honest. He returned the bag to him. "You are really very honest. After ﬁnishing his meal. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. a fortune-teller came to the house. When Sau Ling was a young man. "It feels so heavy. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. They believed what the fortune-teller said. They loved him very much. "That's strange!" he thought. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. they found a baby boy outside their door.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. What would you do with your money? 2. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. Several years later. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. One day. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . in its place. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. They had no children. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. 1.
The fortune-teller did not know what to say.resolution father to give you a job. 8. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. He gave Sau Ling a good job. and resolution." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 ." The young man's father was a rich merchant. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. "But go home ﬁrst. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. complication. 3. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. The fortune-teller was also present. 2. 9. "and take a holiday. 2000 Every text has its own structure. 5. Sau Ling told them what had happened. 6. 4. Then ﬁnd their synonyms." he said. 1. 10. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. 7. He left the house without saying a word. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution.
you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. "Rosaura. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterﬂy. forgetting all about her hiding game." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. her red ribbon ﬂuttered. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. Suddenly." said her mother. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. His eyes scanned the ﬁelds for Rosaura's red ribbon." called her mother." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. a bright yellow butterﬂy darted by. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. "Rosaura! There you are. But Rosaura was already through the gate. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. In her tangled black hair. As the sun reached the far side of the ﬁeld. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. "It's time for lunch. But it was nowhere to be seen. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. "Not yet. It was her favourite game. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. As soon as she had ﬁnished her food she slipped down from her chair. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. where are you going?" called her mother. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and heading for the fields. She crouched quietly. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the ﬁelds.
And that. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn." said Rosaura's father. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. 2. staring over the ﬁeld.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. "They will stay with us!" Every year. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. 5. Her father looked away in disappointment. As the sun came up bright and strong. In the dawn. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the ﬁeld. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a ﬂower before." said her mother. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. As night fell. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. "I see her!" he cried. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. Now the sun had set. It was ﬁlled with red ﬂowers swaying and ﬂuttering in the tall grass. looking for the red ribbon. 4. is how the red poppy came to be. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the ﬁelds and watched the red ﬂowers dancing under the sun. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. 3. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father ﬁnd her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 ." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. "She was always happier in the ﬁelds. 1. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the ﬁeld. but the red petals of a ﬂower. But they could ﬁnd no red ribbon. say the Indians. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. But it was another red ﬂower. casting a red glow over the ﬁelds. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour.
Her father looked away in disappointment. Chinese. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture.6. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. existing in ancient Egypt.wikipedia. 2. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In afﬁrmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use inﬁnitive. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the ﬂower were her ribbon? 7. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. ancient Greek. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Negative 1. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. Most of the humanities involve stories. 2. and Indian culture. Afﬁrmative 1. Her father did not look away in disappointment. What did Rosaura's father say about the red ﬂowers ﬁlled the ﬁeld? 9. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. 2. 1.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. Stories are of ancient origin. What do Indians say about the story? 10. Source: www.
The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. students (talk. Use simple past tense form. 3 4. 5. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. 7. 2. They do not know each other. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. just) quietly by themselves. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . 9. 10. Rosaura runs away from her house. She cries in front of me. just) my car by about an inch. In a few minutes. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. 2 It was my ﬁrst day of class. almost) a car accident last night. I (ﬁnd. It sounded like the United Nations. already) full of students. Other students (speak) Japanese. 1. 8. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. The other car (miss. and some (converse) in Arabic. 6. The room (be. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. On one side of the room.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. busily) to each other in Spanish. I (have. however. It (come) right at my car. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Some of the students. ﬁnally) the right room. (sit.
write main ideas and its supporting ideas.joglosemar. who was hunting in the forest. When he met Ekalaya. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya. 4. 1. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. Arjuna was surprised to ﬁnd that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. Durna's favourite student. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. a young man watched the practice. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. Angry and disappoin ted. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. The result was astonishing. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. Innocently. Ekalaya ﬁnally encountered Arjuna. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. 3. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. From far away. Have you ever written a story? Is it difﬁcult or not? What makes you feel difﬁcult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna.Writing In this section.co. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. He was Ekalaya.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. write narrative texts. Adapted from www. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. 2.
Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. It will guide you in writing a story. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. The ideas above are developed into the ﬁrst paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. Look at the following example. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery. • There was a young man who watched the practice. In English. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 .
Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. One day. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by ﬁlling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. destroying it. The sword broke instantly. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. Then." The blacksmith was very furious. breaking the bowl in the process. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. You can use Story B as an example. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. In the end. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 4 Study the following stories. Worried that he would be cheated. He was not the best blacksmith. He tried to ﬁt the bowl onto his head. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. And he poured water into the hat. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order.
You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. A Greedy Child 2. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . especially hunters. Here are some ideas to inspire you. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. Then. • He was very angry with human beings. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. 1. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. develop them into a short story. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter.
write a recount text. b. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. 6. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. • You have my sincere condolences. 3. . respond to narrative texts. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. respond to expressions for showing happiness. identify the structure of a narrative text. • It's really a great pleasure. Identify the structure of the text.Chapter Summary 1. you are expected to be able to: 1. 2. Now.Complication : a crisis arises. . Language Functions a. sympathy. If you find some difficulties. for better or for worse. answer the questions: 1. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. sympathy and affection. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. 7. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. Generic Structure . and affection. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. What will you say when you are happy? 2. express happiness.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. 4. 8. 2. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted.
accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 . accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making.
you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. Source: CD Images 1. 6. Where or when would you ﬁnd this situation? 2. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. accepting and declining an invitation. 1. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 4. 8. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. 3.Listening In this section. 7. Then. answer the questions. respond to oral instructions. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. 5. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment.
in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. 2 ? 3 Rita : . great. Dialogue 2 Dr. decide. 5. who always sees him for general check up. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. I'll decide to come or not. 7.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. but I've got an exam tomorrow. his friend calls him. On the way home. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. One day. Thank you very much. Then ﬁnd any possible responses to each expression. Rita : Wow. 4. Would You Like to Come? 53 .com The tone of an invitation is always positive. I'll be at your house at 8. please. I'd like to. Clever phrasing. Now. I'd love to. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. I have nothing to do. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. novels. They enjoy reading stories. and watching drama. Dialogue 1 Englishclub.express. 3. 1. 10. but I can't come. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. I'm very sorry.00 in the morning. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Then. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. write. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. Arief and Rita have a chat. 8. 2. 9. 6. He had a friend. it won't surprise you. Mr Andre Posuma. but you should express the details clearly. I don't think I can come to your party. For further tips visit to invite someone www. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation.
: OK. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Fauzi. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : See you. Work in pairs. Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. 4 . Then. : What's wrong? : Hmm. Kambing guling is my favourite food. 6 . This is Andre. Thus is about our appointment. Andrea. Fauzi. . See you. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . 2. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. : 5 . 1. Ten minutes later. 7 : Well . Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. : . : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. It has been two months since my last visit to you. 3. We can meet next time. : Alright. . I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Rudi : . It's me. I will attend a meeting.m. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment.Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. actually. : Bye. : . : Hi Andre. Bye. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon.
my name is Lina. The girl : I'm Fanny. cut cheese into slices. 4. After a long silence. 6 . I think . Santi : Hi. 3 . 5. 3.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. Lina : No.) It's very delicious. Fany : That's OK. Fany. the girl offers something. Lina : It's very simple. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. 1. . Finally. 2. Lina is reading a book in the city park. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and ﬁll in the blank spaces. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. 1 . Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. Spread butter on each piece. (Lina takes the sandwich. Compare your answers to your friends'. 8 I'm late. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Would You Like to Come? 55 . There is someone approaching her. Nice to meet you too. place the slices on one piece of the bread. take two pieces of bread. Then. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. By the way. Lina continues her reading. A girl : Excuse me. put the other piece 7 . She interrupts them...
. After that.. Finally. push the drawing pin . you can now blow .. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel..Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something.. First.. draw two lines . Next. 2... cut inwards . You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. 1996 Instructions: 1... 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials. Match the following titles with the correct steps.. 5.. Then.. fold over each point . 4.. 3.
and scissors. list the stages involved in making the coffee. you will make a whale. 4. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 4. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. Things You Do 1. 2. a pencil. 2. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. 1. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 3. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. By seeing the pictures below. 5. 3. 5. Then. a ruler. After listening. 2. answer the questions. 1. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee.
3. 5. 4.Speaking In this section. What about tomorrow tonight. perform a monologue of procedure texts. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 1. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Just wait for me. 2. we're having a party on Friday. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. Hey. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. Let's go jogging sometime. 4. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. It's my birthday on Friday. I'll be free at that time. 1. accepting and declining an invitation. 3. 2.
ask for permission e.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. Say. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 . Ari : Well. that's great. But you have to come to the clinic. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. Ira : Hi. a. I'd love to. Ari : Well. Sandra : OK. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. I have many matters to settle down. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. invite someone to go d. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. Be ready. Ira! This is Ari. Robi : Hi. Sandra. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment.. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. Rin. It's about Nasreddin. accept an invitation c. thanks. The italicised sentence is used to . decline an invitation b. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. There will be a great ﬁlm tonight.. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. I'd love to. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. Read and practise another dialogue. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure.. I can't. how've you been? Ari : Alright. Then act them out with your friends. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7.30.
. I'd like to. With the greatest pleasure...m.... Thank you very much for inviting me. accepting. I can't . • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will .. You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p... Mrs Lina Sugiarto. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. Would you care to . I'd very much like you to .. All right (then). 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. We should be pleased/delighted if you could ... I don't think I can.... We'd very much like to . but . • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to .. Like to come to . What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting. Bye. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you. Bye. Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme.. I can't.... OK! I'd like to love to come. declining an invitation and an appointment. What a delightful idea. Receptionist : You're welcome. Shall we come to .... but . You must come to . Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to . L-I-T-A.? Dr.. Unfortunately..... but ..m... I wish I could..Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p... I don't think I can. I'd love to. You will . Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there. I'm afraid I've already promised . Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto.. Come and .. That would be very nice.. Thank you for asking me. but ... Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry....... Receptionist : Alright...... Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry...
She/he promises that she/he will come. Invite this people to your party. Wendy. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. good. He declines because he is busy. ? Sure. 2. You refuse. Persuade him to come. I'll help you. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . See you then. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. OK. I don't have any plans at this moment. Thank you very much Wendy. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned.. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. 1. You accept. He doesn't want to accept.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise.. 6. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. as he doesn't know anybody. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. Then act it out in front of the class. I'll promise I'll be there. By the way. I'll be there. . The headmaster. The senior teacher. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. You are at school. Oh. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. for a little party at my house this weekend. He/She accepts. You're welcome. this weekend is my special day. I don't think I can make it. He accepts it. Would You Like to Come? 61 . 4. I'm so sorry I can't make it. You invite a new student to join the party. 3. See you. o'clock. 5. ? Well. Bye. You'll have a graduation party this evening.
Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. 3. 2. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. 4. 1.
How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Sprinkle it with salt. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Sally : Then. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . Cut up the tomatoes. a cup of rice. what do you do? Emily : . Yudi : Good. salt and a pan with a lid. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. Cut the chicken into small pieces. Emily : . Yudi : All right. Sally : How do you . Then. Fry with vegetables for ﬁve minutes.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. onions and green peppers into quarters. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Use the following model. pepper and spices. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb.
Ismail : First. cut tomatoes. 5. Cook gently for three minutes. Add water. fry them in a pan for ﬁve minutes. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. ½ teaspoon of salt. onions. Cook gently for one hour. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Heat until the water boils. salt and pepper. Next. Well. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. Then. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. 3. 1 small onion. 4. 5. Then. When it has boiled. Mix together egg and lemon juice. put the lid on and cook it for about ﬁfteen minutes. 2. Fry them in a pan with butter for ﬁve minutes. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. Tell the class about it. small clove garlic. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. Add rice and cook on low heat for ﬁfteen minutes. 7.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . ﬁrst of all. 6. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. 2. Be careful with the knife. spices. 8 cups of water. 4. wash the rice in cold water. and garlic into small pieces. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. 3. turn down the heat. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. onions. (Continue with your own words. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. Add a little of salt and pepper. spices. ¼ teaspoon of butter. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. and garlic into small pieces.
2. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they ﬁnd a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. 1. 4. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow.Reading In this section. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. 4. identify the structure of a procedure text. 2. 3. 3.
Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. push the pin on top of the motor. 4. To move the fan up or down. 2. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 2. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. 1. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. How to operate a fan 1. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. 4. In a how–to–text. materials needed and methods or steps. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kafﬁr lime leaves 1 tablespoon ﬂour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What do we do ﬁrst to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. then press the tilt adjustment knob.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. 3. namely goal. To change the speed of the fan. press one of the switches at the bottom.
13. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium ﬂame. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and ﬂatten a little with a fork. 7. 10. 15. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . 12. Fry until golden brown on both sides. unitecnology. When the oil is hot. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and ﬁnd their meaning. Stir in the ﬂour. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 4. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. 8. fried shallots and lime leaves. 1. drop the fritters into the oil. ﬁve or six at a time. Source: www.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. 4. 5.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 3. 14. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. 2. 3.english. 5. 6. 6. May 2. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. followed by the egg. 11. 2. Pay attention to your pronunciation.
giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. Adapted www.com 1. Use the Internet. costume makeovers. In an auction. Moreover. Before give an unusual gifts. A massage. a. d. Track down items such as rare prints. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. Visit art supply stores. Follow links until you ﬁnd what you want. In the internet. special d. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. a unique furniture d. weird c. a day at the spa.howabout. Give a welcome service. craft shops. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. a photo frame c. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. In the craft shop. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. it is suggested that we give … ﬁrst a. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. great b. 3. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. 2. Look for gifts wherever you ﬁnd yourself. a rare print b. Anywhere. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. So. c. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. The word well-known in the ﬁrst line means …. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. especially when you were on a trip.
important Giving gifts may be important to ….g. rules for games. For further Information visit www. unitecnology. e. b. "Don't be noisy.g." said David. "Make sure the car is in neutral." asked the mother. The word "do" could be persuasive.english. (command) "Help me. "Don't hurry. It functions as prohibition.g.4.g. but could also express irritation. the fax. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. You press the stop button. unique d." said father. Would You Like to Come? 69 ." said the teacher. a. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. get the recipient attention d. b. "Press the stop button. 3. 1.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. recipes. "Stand up. rare b. the tape recorder." 2. sweet c. science experiments. You make sure the car is in neutral.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. Dian told Andi. Do come on time. e. road safety rules. a.g. how to use the video. make us unusual b. the computer. b." said mother." the teacher told the pupils. the photocopier. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. Do be quiet. a. 5. e. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. a. how to succeed. a. The word in the text that means not too many is …. celebrate special moments Englishclub. complete our collections c.
4. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 4. 9. Your uncle is writing a novel. 1. 1. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. 10. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2.m. 7. 2. Report it to the class. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. 3. 8. He cannot concentrate his mind well. 3. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. The volume of the television is too loud. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. magazine or in the internet. 5. He always late although his wife often warns him. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. 5. What will your father say? It is 6 a. 6.
1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table.Writing In this section. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. 4. 2. write procedure texts. 3. • • • • • • • • next butter roast ﬁrst pour ﬁnally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese ﬂour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors ﬁrst Would You Like to Come? 71 .
1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. meat and eggs. The pictures will help you to arrange it. • At the same time. you will need some rice. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . tomatoes and cucumber. if you like. Do it in pairs. add it to the meat and the vegetables. garlic. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. pepper and other spices. • Then.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. • Finally. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. • The best vegetables to use are onions. you can break in two or three eggs. vegetables. cook the rice in another pan. • To make fried rice. • Now. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • Stir the mixture and add salt. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. • First.
Next. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. c. Rewrite it using your own words. From the tail meat. ﬁrst you have to plug in the cord. You must also twist off the ﬂippers at end of tail section. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. It contains nine mistakes. Work individually. It is not difﬁcult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. After these twisted off. After that. Then you can begin to record it. remove the black vein. e. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. Find the errors and correct them. First. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. a. Well. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. b. Finally. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. And then tested the voice level recorder. d. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. use your ﬁngers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece.
Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. Write a recipe of your favourite food..Goal.. you are expected to be able to: 1. Now. .Materials (not required for all procedural texts) . Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. perform a monologue of procedural texts. respond to expressions for an appointment. respond to oral instructions.. identify the structure of procedural texts. • Will you come with . If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. 6.. 4. 3. write an instruction or procedural text. 2.. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. invite someone. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. Write the method or steps clearly.Chapter Summary 1. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . respond to invitation. • Join me. make and cancel an appointment. • I'm sorry I can't make it. 7. answer the questions: 1. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. • I'll be there. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. 8. Generic structure . Declining an appointment • Sorry. I don't think I can make it. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter.
d. d. b. Beijing. c. The manager could help the man who lost his money. Hotel manager's ofﬁce. b. Two steps. a. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. d. £5. Here they are. d. How nice to see you. c. 7. Five tins. I'm ﬁne. c. The manager. The farmer's youngest son. Inside the gentleman's room. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. 1. Where does the story take place? a. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. I won't say no. Here it is. Who was shouting? a. b. Where was the landowner from? a. Good morning. 5. Three steps. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Here is it. Good afternoon. d. The hotel owner.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. A. Restaurant manager's ofﬁce. The farmer's oldest son. choose the best answer. Tokyo. 11. Two tins. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. £150. d. Five steps. £15. c. 10. 9. The landowner's youngest son. invitation d. d. b. How do you do. Four tins. d. b. Outside the gentleman's room. The man losing his money. Nice to meet you. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Where did the girl ﬁnd the money? a. 2. Good night. 14. What could the manager do? a. 3. Thanks anyway. b. Inside the manager's room. b. £50. Three tins. d. a. c. The landowner. c. offering b. c. I'd love to. d. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. a. The manager could call the police. 6. Seoul. Countryside. d. gratitude c. d. Then. b. a. The manager could do nothing. b. The girl. Bank manager's ofﬁce. c. 8. You are going to hear several short dialogues. 13. b. c. c. b. Good evening. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. 12. b. 4. 75 . b. Four steps. thank you. c. Hotel lobby. Sorry I can't. It is here. Inside the waitress' room. c. a. c.
namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. His stomach couldn't take any more food. 17. we take six eggs. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. to the size of the omelette. in other words. over a quick ﬂame for a minute or two. This takes half a minute. we fold it. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. tin or enamel. The ﬂame is now turned down a little. in the middle. with salt and tissue–paper. All this is a swift business. not the whisk. d. c. This takes about two minutes. when hot. letting the liquid ﬂow into the empty spaces. not too hot. Rudely. Politely. break them into a bowl. b. c. b. Meanwhile. once or twice. Angrily. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. not of aluminium. taking care always to move towards the middle. it is fatal to beat too long. or butter and best lard. our fryingpan is getting hot. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. b." a. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. d. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. The fryingpan must be made of iron. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. until large bubbles form on the top. He wanted the table to be cleaned. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. d. keeping as calm as we possibly can. and add a good teaspoonful of water. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. Then. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. He was not hungry. c. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. Harshly. For three portions.15. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 16. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs.
c. The shape of an omelette. Won't you introduce d. 23. 24. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. c. One made of aluminium. When the frying-pan is getting hot. It is better than beating it for too short a time. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. c. d. b. here is it d. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. d. b. d. Yes. 25. One made of iron. b. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. One made of aluminium and enamel. The states of an omelette. here they are c. a. No. When the ﬂame gives no more froth. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. here it is b. A soon as the flame is light golden. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . What is important about the frying– pan? a. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. we feel impatient c. b. d. Rubbing with salt and paper. 19. Rubbing with hot water. a. b. as the classical French term says. How are you? c. Ferry : I am Ferry. 22. Dedy.of the omelette along one side. Then. we feel relaxed d. Review 1 77 . c. c. . Washing with salt and paper. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper.com 18. Let me introduce myself. c. 27. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. b. This last touch makes all the difference. The size of an omelette. d. It should never be a small one. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. An omelette made in France. Good morning. we feel tired b. When the butter is a different shade. a. 21.recipetips. d. It should never be a very ﬂat one. here are they Eka : to my friend. I'll introduce b. 26. One made of tin 20. Taken from www. How do you do? d. It doesn't matter. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. It should be the same size as the omelette. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. It's very interesting. b. You are introduced c.
an. a. given b. (shave) this morning 44.28. Sorry. a. c. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. I'd be unhappy to accept it. a. c. give d. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . Do come on time. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. I have gone to the cinema d. or the. Do you come on time? d. them c. Randy : Oh. 45. but some other time. d. c. I went to the cinema c. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. Student : . giving 32. Why? a. he 33. they 34. The underlined sentence expresses a. himself c. b. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I was going to the cinema 31. themselves b. Dudi does his homework by a. 30. You did come on time. Did come on time. gave c. him b. b. Who are ? a. 43. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. Sure. Yes. Use substitution form to ﬁll in the blank spaces. Hanny. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. d. I'll fetch you at 8 p. I did not because I was in a hurry. Thanks a lot. Evi : Alright. Don't worry about it. 39. happiness. You are entirely welcome. Too bad it didn't work. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. Teacher : Thanks for your help. gratitude. (put) the books in their previous place. but I'm very busy. 35. I her a bunch of roses this morning. I go to the cinema b. compliment. d. 40. 29. Yesterday. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . C. c. maybe. Thanks. hisself d. a. sympathy. she books all day along. I think . I . it didn't work out. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. their d. (read) the 42. Complete the following sentences using a.m. that would be very nice. how awful! I'm so sorry. b. b. That's very kind of you. 41.
Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .
great charming fantastic congratulate terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. Repeat after him/her. 1. 3. 3. 8.Listening In this section. 5. 2. 4. 7. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 6. 6. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 4. 1. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 5. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 7. 8. respond to narrative texts. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. No.
4 right now. b. It is nice to hear you. 3.. I got the highest score for the test. b. You look great. thanks. his friend. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 2. a. By the way. he meets Desi. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. That's awful! Thanks anyway. Thank you very much a.. Andi. a. a. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. 5 Desi : That's great. 1. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. Never mind. For example: You will hear : a. b. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Andi. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 .. Desi : Thanks. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. Congratulations. Desi. Congratulations on your success. 5. Andi. a. b. The best response is .Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. 2 today! I love your new hair style. I can't believe it! That's terriﬁc. too. On the way home. b. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Congratulations! That's amazing. Desi : Hi. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. 4. 1 ? Andi : I am ﬁne. b. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. Andi : 3 . I've got it.
Ina : I think so.. a.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisﬁed with it. You look beautiful on it. Andi. Andi. You will hear "Well done. I know you are very smart. 6 ! 7 : your compliment.. For example: 1. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. It goes with my shoes. . listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. 1. Mention where they are from. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. : Never mind Andi." 2. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition.. Sorry to hear that d. Eta : Thank you. You are so kind. It's my pleasure. Joko : It's a 4 . Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. The next day. b. 2 . no. Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you. that's amazing." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. Then. discuss the following questions with your friends'. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. I don't like it e. It's so difﬁcult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. I dont' think so c. Now. 2." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. I guess it's just my luck. Andi : Oh. You will hear "You're terriﬁc/fantastic. Desi.
"I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. "my friend was right. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it. 1. and in ten minutes all job was done. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house. and the walls are bigger. 5. After lunch she 6 to paint. 6. 8. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. she said "Your house is ugly. My house is 2 than yours. That she got an idea. listen to the tape once again and complete the story." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. I have to repaint it. and she worked very carefully. 2. the Witch her house and she said to herself. 4. When she looked around the room. One morning.Activity 8 Now. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom ﬁnish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . 3. 7. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. It worked very fast. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit. The Witch was very happy. "Broom.
Really happy d. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. All of the above. They can be imaginary. A horse. A Roman Soldier. 5. unitechnology. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Really sad b. d. d.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. To show how cunning the Greeks were. personal experience. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. Defenseless e. myths and legends. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. c. None of the above. e. 4. They scared the Romans c. horror stories. adventure stories. With help from a wooden horse.ac 3. b. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. e. Source: www. romances. e. d. They made the Romans drink b. b. c. slice of life. A Greek Soldier. No Information. factual or a combination of both. ballads. A Greek King. fables. historical narratives. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. mysteries. With the help of alcohol. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. science ﬁction. 2.english. 1. They destroyed the city gate e. What was the purpose of the text? a. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. c. b. They may include fairy stories. Drunk c.
You compliment someone on their appearance. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . d. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. 5. 3. Your brother have got an award. Congratulations! Well. What are they doing? 3. f. g. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. 4. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. What do you see in the picture? 2. perform a monologue of narrative texts. c. Situations a. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions.Speaking In this section. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. Your friend has just passed an important exam. b. 6. Activity 2 Expressions 1. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. 2. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation.
Great job! Thanks. Thank you. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. it is. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. it's not necessary. you are quite charming. Pandu. 1. What did you do to it? Not much. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. It looks a lot different. No. I like your hair style! You're terriﬁc/fantastic. Oh. Harsya. Let's go celebrate it. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ussy. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. I really must express my admiration for your party. I just finished modifying it. You are looking good. it's a must. Good idea. thanks. I f I may so.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. My compliments on your beautiful.
3.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. 3. Discuss with your partner. Congratulations on your …. Well done! Fantastic/terriﬁc! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. May I congratulate you on …. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. 2. 4. It was great to hear …. Your relative is going abroad for studying. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . I won the race. 2. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. I must congratulate you. 5 : : I just won ﬁrst prize from a quiz. I've found a new job. 4. I'd like to be the ﬁrst to congratulate you on …. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. 1. 1. Your brother has done excellent job.
Dad. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. Mom. Dony's father : Well done. playing chess 5. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. Don. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. Dony : Thank you. 2. 2. Your friend is elected as one of the ﬁnalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. 4. Your friend is good at: 1. 3. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. 1. story telling 4. Use the expressions of complimenting. Your partner got a scholarship. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. 1. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Use the expressions of congratulating. playing the piano 2. I'm very proud of you. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Activity 8 With your partner. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. Boby : Hi. Don. For example: Donny has passed his exams with ﬂying colour and get the best ranking at his school. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . didn't you? Dony : That's right. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. playing tennis 3. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that.
but it didn't seem to mean anything. "We need a change." she said. very like his father. fevered and gibbous. When the moon rose." she said. and some did not knot know which they were ﬁghting for." "Oh sure. the lion. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. All the animals of the jungle joined in. It was a terrible ﬁght and it lasted until the setting of the sun. "The new order." she said. "What king?" he inquired." said the tigress as she went to look after her young." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. "The old order. long live the king!" Inside the den. Taken from Readings to Remember. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. "The king is here to see you. "Come out. and some fought for both. screaming in horror. "Leo." said the zebra. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. a male." said the aardvark. sleepily." said the tiger. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. one of whom. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. in my honour. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. is king of beasts." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger.Activity 9 Work in group. "The king of beasts. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of ﬁghting. except that of her cubs. the lioness woke her mate. He was monarch of all he surveyed. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. "I am the king of beasts. "What are we ﬁghting for?" someone asked the aardvark." he roared." said the tiger. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. "The creatures are crying for a change.
"Excuse me. "I am sorry." asked Evi. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. 2. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. If so. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . At school they meet the headmaster in his ofﬁce. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. Sir. who is the cleverest student in the class. doesn't go to school anymore. Did the tiger and the lion ﬁght for the crown? 6. Then act it out in front of the class." "Thank you very much. "Okay. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. "Our teachers asked me where you were. her classmate. you may not stop studying here. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. Budi. came to see her at home." told Evi. Who won the ﬁght. Taken from English for SMA 2. Were there any beasts survive the ﬁght? 10. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. "No . ." continued Budi. I think it is not a serious problem. What do you think if I stop studying. Where did the story take place? 3. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. "I am sorry to hear that. "Oh. Change the following text into dialogue. Are you with me?" asked Budi. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. "You are a very smart student. . The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his ofﬁce. the tiger or the lion? 9. That's kind of you." said Evi happily. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the ﬁght? 7. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. not to me." told Evi. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. The Cleverest Student Evi." said Budi.1. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. it is not a good solution.
Reading In this section. 3. 5. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. Activity 2 Before reading the story. identify the structure of narrative texts. 3. 6. 2. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. read and study the following words and ﬁnd their meanings. 1. 8. 5. 4. 2. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 1. reading and understanding narrative texts. 7. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 4.
A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. That night. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. But one day. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. Beowulf went to the lake. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. The knights were afraid and they did not want to ﬁght the dragon. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. The dragon was very big and breathed ﬁre. What did Grendel's mother do when she ﬁnd out about her son's death? 7. It lived in a cave with treasure. he went to the King's castle. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. 1. In the morning. When he came back. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. He was half-man and half-monster. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. and it attacked people. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. He was king for ﬁfty years. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. He lived in Denmark. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. a dragon came to his country. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. One day.
I am sure." said the crow. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. I wear black and I am unique. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. "I am sure you are. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself." he concluded arrogantly. "but you must be nearsighted as well.11." he said." And with this he trotted away into the woods. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. as the most famed and talented of all birds. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak. but sly. geometricians. as the shortest distance between two points. and somewhere. my ﬂight is known to scientists and engineers. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. now that I look more closely. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom." said the fox." said the fox. Last. b." The fox had read somewhere. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. "Bars may come and bars may go. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot." said the crow quickly. I am the map maker. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. "and share my lunch with me. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. Taken from www. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. Any two points." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. c. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. but I am hungry and must go. 12. every two points. The Fox and the Crow A crow. and scholar." "Tarry awhile. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. but crow bars last forever. and began to tell about himself. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. I am the pioneer of ﬂight.aesopfables. but never least. and somewhere else. "Oh. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. and they are a dollar a hundred. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. his appetite appeased. "I recognize you." said the fox.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 .
7. 3. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. 7. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. 4. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. 5. 4. 2. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Then. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. The crow's appetite appeased. He is the map maker. The fox is really arrogant. You can do mini research in the library. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. 5. 8. Ask your parents or grand parents. 1. 6. The story probably took place in the jungle. 1. 3. retell it in front at the class. There are two main characters in the story. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. 8. 6.
Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments.canauthorsniagara. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be ofﬁcially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the ﬁnalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. September 29 from 2 to 5 p. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-ﬁrst" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.m.
are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. sleep. to belive c. The play was written by Shakespeare. 3. etc. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. The sentences above use passive voice. to belived e. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. 4. In passive voice.. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. 5.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. 1. 5. 2. The cameraman takes the President's several times. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. to be descendant from dinosaurs. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . oils. belived d. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. 4. The ﬁreﬁghters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. 3. My brother buys me this new computer game. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. UN Shot Komodo . they belive b. come. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. a. 2. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. 1. A ﬁre melts the wax statue at the House of Wax.. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. The form of passive is: be + past participle.
You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. You could do the same. I won't be free anymore. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of ﬁnding food. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. saying. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. He was very thin. It's a good deal for both of us. I think I will surely die. "Oh. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. the wolf had little hope of ﬁnding food. "But. With hardly enough energy to walk. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . I'm more free than you are." "But. don't worry about that. a dog out for a walk noticed him. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. well-fed. But." After saying this. "The dog called after the wolf. He was curious about this. As he lay beneath a large tree. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived." answered the dog. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else.aesopfables. but I'm healthy." Taken from www. if I am chained up." said the dog. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. he asked the dog about it. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. I will arrange it. In that way. and I have a warm place to sleep. the wolf turned and ran away." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. the dog felt sorry for him and said. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. Finally." said the wolf. You'll get used to it soon enough. as they were walking.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. "If I come to live with you." "You're right. I hardly think about it anymore. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was." the wolf said. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you.
writing narrative texts. 1.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. 2.Writing In this section. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. Activity 1 Answer these questions. 4. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. Have you ever written a story? What do you do ﬁrst when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www.aesopfables.
they are not in the correct order. For further steps in writing narrative. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture.infoplease.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. 1 2 Englishclub. then read the sentence given below. He was very angry and threw a stone at them.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b.com 3 4 5 6 a. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. In the final paragraph. visit www. d. c. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point. So has sat down under the tree to sleep.
The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. for when the gold was there. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. g.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . A neighbor. while he was going from one village to another. and enjoying hearty meals. Appearances are deceptive.e.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. The Miser. you had it not. k. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements.short-stories.co. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been ﬂayed and thrown aside. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. Activity 4 Study these stories and ﬁll in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. "Pray do not grieve so. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. It will do you quite the same service. Taken from www. as you did not make the slightest use of it.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. said. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. and digging down. and stole it. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. i. and place it in the hole. One day. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing.co. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure.short-stories. came to the lump of gold. leading the Lamb a little apart. but go and take a stone. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. j. he soon made a meal off her . h. So. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. on his next visit. f." Taken from www. he felt very tired.
Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 3.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conﬂict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. make your own narrative story. 2. 1. Choose from the following categories.
. 2. Pay attention to the structure of the text. a crisis arises. Complimenting • You look great. identify factual meaning in the texts. answer the questions: 1. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. the crisis is resolved. I must say that you are . : to amuse. Now. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • You look terriﬁc.. b. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. write narrative texts. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on..Chapter Summary 1. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. Language Functions a. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . identify the structure of narrative texts. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. 6. 5.. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. 3. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. for better or for worse. 2. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. 4. you are expected to be able to: 1. optional. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. a stepping back to evaluate the plight.. 7. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. congratulate and compliment others.. Write and tell your favourite folklore. performing a monologue of narrative texts.
Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .
respond to descriptive texts. And you? 2 I'm just ﬁne. How are you this morning? Hi. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Here it is. 2. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. 2. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. 1 . Please come in and have a seat. 6 . 5 . respond to invitation. Henry. 3 . 1. Here it is and 4 . I'll tell him. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. It's all right. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8 . How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. Yuni. Fine. By the way. sure.Listening In this section. Great. 3. . Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. please.
Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. 3. a. Choose the best response for the expressions. What picture is it? Where do you usually ﬁnd that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . 2. 3. b. You will hear some expressions. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. I'd love to. 2002 1. 4. b. Thank you so much. a. No. 4. 5. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. Yes. I'm sorry. a. 2. b. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. 1. 5. a. I won't. b. You're great. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. I can't.4. b. 5. I'm very grateful to you. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. a.
1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. Adapted from www. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. It is named 2 which means 3 . 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java.Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. Besides its thousand doors. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .central-java-tourism.
Be ready at 7. I won't say no. After visiting the museum. I'll be there. 4. 2. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. Will you pick me up? Sure. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. 1. 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 3. OK? All right.Speaking In this section. 2. on the way home. 6. 5. perform a monologue of descriptive text. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue.
. The temple is extravagant.. Great... I’d like to very much.. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before. Thanks.? Will you join . Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .? Do you want to come with . Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for ... I’d love to. What is it like? It's very beautiful. I'm sure my parents won't mind.... Wow.. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class..? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to . Would you like to .. Thank you. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. Yes. Actually. my parents are taking me there again this vacation.... Activity 4 Study the following dialogue. Let me express my gratitude . I wish I can see it for myself.. I won’t say no .What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to ... Then..
There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. Give suitable responses. Tini has lent you a magazine. a. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. 5.Activity 5 Work in pairs. Create dialogues based on the following situations. 1. Tini has lent you a magazine. 4. 10.. that is hand-written e. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 3. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 4. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . 8. written by hand b. writing hand c. 9. 2. 7. 1. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 6. 2. 3. 4. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. 1. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . 3. 2. 3.. 2. hand-written d.
he made a simple raft and sailed there. a German. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. On the island. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. there are 600 large statues. and no doors. To prove this. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. all the way from Peru. On top of a hill. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. Thor Heyerdahl. 3.2 metres thick. Africa. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. believed that they were built by people from South America. We don't really know why they are there. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Paciﬁc. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools.000 years ago. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. no windows. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island.
They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. doors and roofs. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Easter Island 1.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. 2. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. 3. How did they move the trees? We don't know. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. 2000 One thousand years ago. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. They used stone for the walls and wood for the ﬂoors.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide.
At Niagara Falls. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. At night.S. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Canada is on one side of the river. 3. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. at the falls. 2. and the U. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock.000 feet (305 metres) wide. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. The American Falls are about 1. There. and the American Falls are in the United States. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . state of New York is on the other side. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. It is on the Niagara River. Ontario. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. 5. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally.5 mile (0. 4.8 kilometre). The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. They are not as high as the American Falls. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. but they are 2.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. 1.
• He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. take off. Off is used with verbs: get off. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. while searching for Davis or David's island. 5. 1. 8. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. 3. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. at Jln. 6. in the park. put off. The island's ofﬁcial Spanish name. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. after lunch time. before June. Isla de Pascua. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. for a week. while she was at the bank. before him. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. for the sake of. 4. is Spanish for "Easter Island".11. at lunch. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's ﬁrst recorded European visitor. in 2005. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. Example: • I stand in front of the class. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. for ages. at midnight. 7. in Canada. of making. in the Middle Ages. after me. on Monday. on the wall. glance of eye. during the night. before asking. 2. After/before is used with period of times. 9. at the corner of. on June 18. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. after summer. after reading. • For the sake of God. Soka no. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. in the United States.
Giza is located near the Nile River. and the third 12 King Menkaure. The second was built 11 King Khafre. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. There is only one pyramid at Giza. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B.C. 5. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. There are 10 pyramids Giza. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 15 It stands his pyramid. 4. 2. Pyramids are built for king's servants. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. called the Great Sphinx. was probably built 14 Khafre. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. Then. 3. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. The largest was 10 built King Khufu. decide whether the following statements are true or false. T/F 1.
identify the structure of descriptive texts.wikimedia. 2. 4. 3. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. read and understand descriptive texts.Reading In this section. e. 5. you will learn how to: • • • ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. b. Can you ﬁnd a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you ﬁnd this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 2. d. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. 4. learn these words.upload. 6. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”.org 1. Source: www. 3. 5. c. Meanings or Synonyms a.
Wareng village. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. Many tourists go to this cave. Somehow. l.6. 8. m. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice ﬁelds. Pay attention to the structure of the text. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. i. Nyi Kamiyem. 9. j. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. 10. who often sings in the cave. 12. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. k. in Tabuhan. People sell agates on the cave terraces. it is like a fair. identiﬁcation description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. does not doubt anything. The visitors dance. 11. The route is easy. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. g. forgetting all problems. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. 7. coconutpalms and birds. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. h. 13.
However. in the east corner. The people chased the spirits away. There is a stream in the cave. According to Kartowiryo (90). Besides the cave. 1. so people need lights. qualities. The cave is dark. It normally uses simple present tense. 4. The identiﬁcation part is the part where writers of descriptive text identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. it can be heard from inside. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. 2. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. went to the cave to ﬁnd out what was wrong. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. have a nice journey. By the way. a beach nearby. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identiﬁcation and description. do you want different souvenirs? You can ﬁnd them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. No one dared go inside. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. 3. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. and characteristics. Watukarang. Some people now use the place for meditation. However. Taken from Hello English Magazine. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you ﬁnd peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . So. and a local guide will lead the way. Description text focuses on speciﬁc participants. which can only be seen outside. The description part describes parts. is good to visit. January. It was believed to be a sacred place. village elder.
Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 10. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. 7. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . People who are in the cave can hear the stream. 6. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 2. 5. 8. 7. 6. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. The cave is used for meditation. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. 3. You ﬁnd the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. 4. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. Activity 5 In pairs. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. 9. 8. 9.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo ﬁnd out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. T/F 1.
and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. "Aloha. Midwest. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Included in the price is full board. ﬂag in some time. "Fine". A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. Honolulu on Oahu. has a population of 900. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on ﬁve vowels and just seven consonants. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Paciﬁc feels immediately that he has one foot ﬁrmly anchored in the American Way of Life. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. consuming 9. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Paciﬁc cruise route and is the ﬁrst cruise ship to ﬂy the U. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. Big Island and Maui. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. and this is the pattern throughout the day. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999.S. Most of the almost 2.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea.000 aboard have their homes in the U. from colourful shirts. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. Kauai. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise.S. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. Oahu. At breakfast. sufﬁces as answer. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. where the cruise starts.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. The simple response. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America.
Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. 5. February 13. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. 3. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 2. Deﬁnition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. 4. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can ﬁnd the following information. There is a reason for the crowds. Information Paragraph 1. 2005 1. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4.
and it was erected entirely by hand. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. and huge stone walls and gates. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . the most famous temple in China. without nails.400 kilometres. near Beijing. crowded with worshippers. Its length is about 6. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and ofﬁce buildings. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. Temple of the Jade Buddha. The main part of the wall is about 3. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. on Mount Badaling. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. Source: Microsoft Encarta. constructed entirely of wood. This section is about 7. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. temples. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. has two statues of Buddha. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city.460 kilometres long.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. rises to about 11 metres high.
2. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base.T/F 1. 8. 3. Writing In this section. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Beijing is China's largest city. 3. 5. 2. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. write descriptive texts. 4. 1. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. 4. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. 7. 6. 5. In your opinion. which one is the most amazing. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing.
Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong.masham3d. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. September 2000 Source: www.wordpress. cruises. For the more experienced. swimming with dolphins. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. hurtle down frothing rapids. Medewi is also good for beginners. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. Lovina. which regularly attract the pros. Padang Bai. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. For snorkelling and diving. Australia. Then answer the questions.ﬁles. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. snorkelling. diving. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. Further aﬁeld.228 metres) on the world's ﬂattest and smallest continent. Tulamben and Amed in the east. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. Canggu. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. Candidasa. Taken from Hello Bali.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone.
What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. Actually. Activity 4 Study the following text well. Taken from Kang Guru. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. Australia does have 1. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's ﬁnest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Mt. and even Mt.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. 2. some interesting mountainous terrain. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. Townshend. 2000 the tower of london was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. including areas of the Blue Mountains. the crags of Tasmania. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840.
3. comma (. 1998. Take Off. Compare it to your friend's. 1. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. 2.).) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the ﬁrst paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. Discuss what they are about.Activity 5 Answer these questions. Study the following announcements. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. 2 Source: True Colors. Can you explain the function of period (.
2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. is another favourite place to visit. Choose one of them and then describe it. For this reason. draws many visitors. Every year. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. etc. a famous church.Activity 7 With your friend. one of the world's largest art museums. Then write your own sentences based on these words. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. 10. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. At night. 3. camping. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. 5. 8. 4. The Louvre. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. Paris is often called the City of Light. 2. singing contest. 7. millions of people visit Paris. hiking. 9. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. 1. e. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. many palaces and statues are lit up. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris.g. study tour. The Cathedral of Notre Dame.
com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. To ﬁnd out about them.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.nationalgeographic. new7wonders.1 Englishclub.com The Wall of China Source: www3. just visit www. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 .
8. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . express gratitude. perform a monologue of descriptive. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. place or thing. 6. d. 2. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. I really appreciate your . ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. write a form of announcement. Thanks a lot. Accepting an invitation a. That sounds a nice idea. I'd be delighted to. Identiﬁcation : identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. 10. Generic Structure a. respond to invitation 3. I'd love to b. b. Now.Chapter Summary 1. sentences into paragraphs. 7. Description : describes parts. respond to report texts 4. answer the questions: 1. respond to gratitude 2. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. 5. Thank you very much.. 9. d. I'm very grateful to you for. read a descriptive text aloud.. characters. c. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter.. write accurately words phrases. guess meaning in context. c... I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. qualities. you are expected to be able to: 1. b.
com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .photo bucke t.
Another disaster? (Then. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. 4. 3 Father : . 3. 4. 5. Many people became homeless. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Iwan : Dad. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. It's very tragic. I don't believe it. I ﬁnd that very surprising. 2 . I can't imagine that.Listening In this section. What kind of expressions are they? 1. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue.) Iwan : Yeah. respond to news item texts. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 2. 1. Compare your answer with your friends'. 6. 3. 7. Good heavens! No. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 4 Father : . What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. 2. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. Thousands of people were killed.
Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. He told me about our holiday. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. no. 6 Indah : . Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. What a shocking.. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. pay attention to our leader. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. guys.. 1. 5 . Respond to each news that your friends tell you. Andi : I'm serious. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. Please. answer these questions. We will have a holiday someday. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. Activity 6 In groups of four. Andi : Keep calm guys.. It seems that he brings 2 for us.OK my friends. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Aldi : Shh. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. Headline News 131 . 3. be quiet. 4. Report your answers in front of the class. 5. 2. please! I have something to tell you. 1 Andi : . That's very disappointing. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. I tell you the truth.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class.
1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in ﬂoods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. Your response: I think it's good news. then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park.Activity 7 Listen to tape. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
to 7:30 p.m." Mochtar said. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed. Taken from The Jakarta Post. in time for National Education Day.. April 15. com on Monday. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. would be on May 2.m." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. During study time. "My ofﬁce is still drafting 2 on study time. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. Headline News 133 . 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. no TV. "The study time must be effective. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. game consoles. he said. as quoted by Tempointeraktif.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply.
Romi was knocked down by a car. 5. Many people died and got serious injured. 3. 4. 4. Ask ﬁve questions about it. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. on the TV news. Source: Earthquakes. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. 2. 2006 1. perform a dialogue of news item texts. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. 3.Speaking In this section. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. I heard that Rian was in jail. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. Yesterday. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence.
that's terrible. Yesterday.000 feet in the air. at the school canteen. : Yeah. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. He's not the only guy in the world. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. : That's too bad. you're right. actually. he gave me a bar of chocolate. I don't have time to think about love right now. Ria. I got the news from his best friend. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23.. Let's go to the class. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. a. It was in mid air. Sandi : I don't understand. did he? Dina : No. The window didn't break. Frans. Hadi : really? . Besides. : Listen. Sandy : Oh. Mrs. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. b. : Good heavens! Look at this. e. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . did it? Dina : Yes. Take it easy. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. : You're right. it did.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. c. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. The bell is ringing. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. ! I've been waiting for it so long. d. Oh. Act them out with your friends. come on. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper..
. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. 2. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. that's very surprising. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. I ﬁnd that very surprising. are you? 2. 1. He wasn't. Respond to the news appropriately. 3. 1. Express your amazement. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. 5. I'm on strike now. Act them out with your friends.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that .. Well. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. How very surprising/amazing. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. Express your sympathy. surprises me. Give respond to the news. 4. Your friend's father has passed away. You aren't. Tell your classmates about it. Mr Anwar was very ill. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. I ﬁnd it astonishing/extraordinary.
Activity 5 Englishclub. an ofﬁcial said Saturday. 2004. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen.com/ english Answer these questions orally. is on the verge of extinction. 2005. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. November 23-29. 2. Read the news in front of the class. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition.indonesiaheadline. March 8. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. cellular phones. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. 4. Pay attention to your intonation. 2008 Headline News 137 . The Jakarta Post. Pretend you are a news reader. Time. December 29. 2003/January 5. Source: Tempo. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you ﬁnd the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. as the protected species. The robbers took their cameras. 2004 1. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. just visit www. one of many at the reserve. 3.
Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. B : Really? I don't believe it. Sarah McCaffrey was ﬁned 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her ﬁrst claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . make a dialogue.
bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13.. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. They include witnesses. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. 1. 1. and the place where the event happened. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. 2. people involved. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . 4. expert opinions. news /nju:z/ 2. Headline News 139 . or the authority..) 3. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. Find out the main event of the news. Background consists of event elaboration.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9.. Use the following guidance." (Continue with your own words. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. Identify its background. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. Find out the information sources.
Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Ask your classmates and ﬁll in the name of those doing the following activities. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3.Reading In this section. 4. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. identify the structure of news item texts. 7. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. 2. 6. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. 3. 5.
Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than ﬁve people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com
The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The ﬁrst part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.
State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.
Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.
The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their
"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's inﬁdelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com
The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006
The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. ﬁght b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise
Read the following words taken from text and ﬁnd the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise
Then. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from English Form. Do it individually. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. identify the structure of the text. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare." Taken from English Form. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were conﬁrmed last night.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. 3. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. 2." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. 1. However. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. 4.
Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the ﬁrst news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours conﬁrmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.
Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before
Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the ofﬁce.
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."
Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.
Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008
simple and catchy.Writing In this section. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. Source: Microsoft Encarta. what. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. when and where. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. 2. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. The … of the newspaper is usually short. 2008 1. 2. write news item text.
Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. 5. 6. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. Source: www. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend.my-indonesia. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7.info Headline News 149 . Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news.3. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. Sometimes. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite ﬁshing that can smash coral reefs. 8. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. Along the way.
faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deﬁcit. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. meet the people's demand he said. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. To prevent abuse. he said. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage.9 million kiloliter. At ﬁrst.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. Do it individually. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday.tempointeraktif. According to him. kerosene extra supply.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . however. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. "because. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. he said. there was a kerosene demand hike. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. he said. after the fasting month. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. Additional supply. Source: www. According to him.
Mr Iwan Sugiarto.m. last night. 7. etc) technology education. Fire in City Hotel There was a ﬁre at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. The guest was badly injured in the ﬁre. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. January 23. Rewrite them in your workbook. The hotel manager. Mr Sugiarto said the ﬁre had caused over US$70. 4.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the ﬁre started on the third ﬂoor.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words.000 worth of damage to the hotel. Then ﬁnd a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. Then present it to the class. 6. debate. etc) contest (speech. 1. but all the other guests escaped safely. You can choose one of the following topics. May. 2008 Source: Tempo. etc Headline News 151 . 2. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. 5. the ﬁre had spread to the 4th and 5th ﬂoors of the hotel. 3. By the time the ﬁre department arrived. groups. Source: www. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text.tempointeraktif. said the ﬁre had started in a guest bedroom. Source: Kompas.
. you are expected to be able to: 1. by participants. express surprise. to whom. write news item texts. 3. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. respond to surprise. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. identify factual information in news item texts. . and amazement. respond to news item texts. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. and amazement. : to inform readers. What should be included in a news item text? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. 2.Sources : Comments.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. 6. Generic structure . Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Now. 4.Chapter Summary 1. in what curriculum stances. 5. answer the questions: 1. perform a monologue of news item texts.
d. b. 10. a. d. 153 . 8. It keeps the body big. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. d. It keeps the body healthy. a. Incessant rain. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. a. Rock. thank you. Thank you. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. d. The travelling cost was still the same. A tidal wave. d. c. c. Yeah. There was no effect to the travelling cost. What a surprise! It's nothing. 3. c. A landslide. b. Oh. 2. yeah. Dirt. 6. d. d. 9. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh? a. 1. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. It keeps the body strong. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. Milk contains nothing. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. b. c. 4. A mount eruption. The travelling cost doubled. Of course.Review 2 7. It keeps the body strong and healthy. c. Are you kidding? No. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. No. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Tsunami. c. You’re joking. Fantastic. d. c. c. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. Of course. b. a. What does milk do to the body? a. c. 5. I don’t think I can make it. Of course. b. b. An earthquake. Not at all. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. You must be kidding. d. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. I’m sorry to hear that. c. thank you. b. b. d. A. b. Well done. Thank you. a. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. Thanks.
11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.
12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.
B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's ﬁrst experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I ﬁnd any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork
from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com
13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difﬁcult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.
17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.
Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior ofﬁcials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004
21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.
a. b. c.
Less than ﬁve houses. More than ﬁve houses. Five houses. .
d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?
d. at midnight
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
b. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. c. The synonym of the italicised word is . d. calamity 26. d. The residents. Tohirin's neighbour. c. c. b. students. d. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. the schools become part of the process.24. Sukawi Sutarip. however. 28. writing and speaking skills. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. A resident of the District of Tembalang. The bedrooms. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. Sukawi Sutarip. The kitchen. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. c. b. These are some important factors that should be considered. The mayor of Semarang. from the time of birth. Achyani. The guest and bedrooms. a. students who develop skill in two or more languages will ﬁnd further studies easier. b. 25. A joint effort between parents. A villager of Sendangguwo. fortune whirlwind storm d. The mayor of Semarang. Dayat. The residents and neighbours. The guest rooms. d. c. 27. his wife and senior ofﬁcials. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Children learn what is important through their school year. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. In today's world. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. and the schools is established. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. The Tembalang District head. b. English is considered Review 2 157 .
What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. If a dual language programmes isn't available. Language acquisition needs to be active. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the less problem a child will have with improper word use. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. or is too expensive. Therefore. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. The more active in each language students become the more proﬁcient and conﬁdent they will be. The earlier a second language is learned. Why is Mandarin important? 35. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. 29. When a child learn two languages in parallel. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. What is meant by the "team"? 32. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. When do children start the process of learning? 31. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her ﬁrst language.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. Taken from The Jakarta Post. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38.
as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. I have to inform you. A B : : : : : : : 44. 41. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. Put this. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. that. 50. please. B : I'd love to. ! B 51. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. The national museum is visited by the students. A B 52. who else can children rely on to protect them. 43. 47. 40.C. Just pick me up at seven. A B 53. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. She said. I'm really I work in the 48." 42. anytime. after or nor to connect the sentences below. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. "I don't know anything about the robbery. those or these to complete the sentences. A : . Review 2 159 . but. I sleep in the class sleepy. Use and. 45. 49. or or so to connect the sentences below. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. The teacher gave the students a new book. My uncle has had an accident. . In the end. Yeah. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. before. . Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. I know her same place with her. He buys a ruler on the way home. 46. books are mine. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. Use for. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. Match them with their headlines. 54.
Take her home and make her happy. Floods Displace More than 7. We work hard. 56. 58. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. has caused the Awash river to overﬂow its banks. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. We pray hard. According to the parents of the victim. Torrential rain since August 19. e.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely.55. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. Bogor and Tangerang. b. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. As if that had not been our intention all along. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. We laugh hard. 57. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The Headlines a. c.
Little John. Balanchard Karen. Tan Soon et al.G. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 2002. al. 1988. Standar Isi. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. English Form 3. Comber. Hill. New York: Pearson Education. 2000.). Hartmann. Cambridge English for School. Michael et al. Blundell. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. 2000. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Elaine (ed. Harris. Function in English. Favourite Stories from Singapore. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Kirn. 2003. 161 . L. Doddy. Andrew and Diana Hicks. 1990. English Form 4. 1999. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Opportunities Elementary. A. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. English for SMA Volume 2. 1990. 1990. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Pamela and James Mentel. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Ibrahim. 2002. Lars and Michael Walker. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. 1981. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth.Bibliography Books Alexander. Ready to Write. London: Oxford University Press. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Jon et al. Elaine and Darcy Jack. 2003. Bandung: Graﬁndo Media Pratama. L. 1994. 2006. Second Edition. Root Christine. Israel. 2000. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. 2003. Mellgren. Achmad et. Hock. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Monteiro.
Reading. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary.short-stories.photobucket.write.com http://www. 366 and More Fairy Tales. Fourth Edition.breakingnewsenglish. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. Oshima. 2007.com http://www.).indonesiaheadline. Singapore: Oxford University Press. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary.com http://www. 2006.thejakartapost. Schlakman. New York: Macmillan.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . May 10. 2004 The Jakarta Post.ac http://www. 2005.english.about. 1997. Brown.uk http://www. Oxford: Oxford University Press.com http://www.canauthorsniagara.joglosemar.my-indonesia. Inc.com http://www. Alice and Ann Hogue. April 15.grimmfairytales. 2008 Websites http://www. 2004. The World Book Encyclopedia. World Book. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book.express. Inc. 2004.Nolasco. March 8. 2008 The Jakarta Post.wordpress.com http://www. December 29. Tanka.aesopfables. 2002.info http://www. Practical English Usage.org http://www.org http://www. Swan.com/english http://www. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. London: Oxford University Press. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27.ﬁles. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. USA: World Book.co. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Michael. 1983. 2005 Time. January 18. Rob.masham3d. Watson.com http://www.unitechnology.wikipedia. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.com http://www. Solomon (ed. 2006 The Jakarta Post. 1993. 2005 The Jakarta Post. May 2. Judith et al. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. Readings to Remember.
2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2008 Tempo Kompas. Time.com Earthquakes. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. May. 2006 Microsoft Encarta.com Microsoft Encarta. May 10. December 29. 2004. May 10. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. March 8. The Jakarta Post. 2008 Kompas January. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 1992 Tempo. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly.photobucket. November 23-29. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 www. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2005.football-walpapers. 23. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 2007 Bibliography 163 . 2002 Microsoft Encarta.
relating to. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of ﬂuid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. rudimentary tails. relating to. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. intricacy.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on ﬂesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing ﬂowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. used in. caricature. speciﬁcally: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of.
or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: ﬁrst-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. increase. quality. timeless. or destruction. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a ﬂeeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deﬁciency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deﬁcient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. soundness. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. loss.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difﬁculties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . desirability. especially: to increase or improve in value.
especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. occurring. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. speciﬁcally: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. group. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not veriﬁable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a ﬂuid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a deﬁnite volume and does not expand indeﬁnitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magniﬁcent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for proﬁt: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting.
a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. destroyed. make tight. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. a compressed abdomen. especially: rumour wildﬁre /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or sacriﬁced under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow ﬂexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terriﬁc /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. jewels.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular deﬁnite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conﬂict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a ﬁlling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-ﬁction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): ﬁction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientiﬁc factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 .
4. 117. 27. 24. 4. 78. 73 R recipe 66. 16 Balanchard Karen. 122. 10. 31. 145. L. 112. 173. 9. 41. 70. 91. 174 congratulate 79. 55. 175. 22. 72. 135. 68. 42. 147. 102. 136. 41.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 158 introduce 3. 60. 94. 67. 37. 86 D description 106. 171. 92. 115. 10 H happiness 25. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 170 headline 82. 91. 99. 4. 8. 74. 134. 98. 40. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 78. 80. 8. 31. 107. 7. 93. 130. 159 pleasure 81. 167 reported speech 145. 33.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 152 O orientation 15. 40. 3. 184. 128. 169. 166 P parting 2. 50. 81. 82. 170. 10 passive voice 96. 178 invitation 53. 85. 108. 10. 41 Watson. 165. 96. 125 direct speech 145. 148. 100. 130. 184 greeting 2. 43. 166. 162. 111. 88. 102. 142. 174. 80. 34 appointment 54. 103. 101. 98. 137. T text structure 15. 80. 159 S story 75. 179 G gratitude 75. 61 C character 13. 89. 131. 174 procedure 57. 109. 165. 29. 129. 85. 8. 125 descriptive 107. 142. 122. 129. 50. 84. 84. 97. 149. 134. 177. 184 L legend 36. 82. 66. 82. 104. 146 E events 11. 116. 151 Index of Author Molgana. Brown 83 Schlakman. 169. 153. 30. 135. 135. 148. 94. 181 surprise 53. 147. 164 complication 41. 50. 177. 101. 79. 83. 63. 3. 26. 172. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 28. 81. 101. 184 I instruction 2. 166 N narrative 14. 9. Agus 11 Mellgren. 166 news item 151. 26. Michael 92 Little John. 85. 138. 117. 101. 71. 112. 171. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 152 F fable 37. 176 sympathy 78. 24. 179. 100. 152. 132. 98. 75. 31. 3. 99. 16. 140. 15. 115. 139. 102 compliment 78. 141. 4. 46. 143. 25. 139. 59. 116. 167 recount 141. 37. 90. 93. 9. 102.
Rian : Bye. I went to Bali. Rian : Yeah. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Santi and I have to go right now. Fany : That's O. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. Santi : Hi. Dian : Good morning. How do you do? 4. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. Nice to see you. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. shorts. 3. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. My name is Rian. Let me introduce myself. Anyway. too.K. 4. Take care. right. It's OK. Mirna. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. See you later. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Santi. Good morning. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Bye. Santi. My name is Lina. I'm sorry I'm late. A girl : Excuse me. Lina : No. nice to meet you too. Mirna : Well. Then. A girl : Hi. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Lina. Let me introduce you to Lina. I bought shirts. Rian : Oh. My name is Rudi. Toni : Hello. I'm Dian. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. 5. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Mirna : Anyway. it's nice to hear your story. Toni. Rian : Good morning. See you later. Hello.. I swam and surfed on the beach. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. and also traditional clothes.. 5. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Allow me to introduce myself. Nice to meet you. 2. How do you do? Nice to meet you. Wina. She interrupts them. 3. Fany. 1. Andi. I'm Rendi. How are you? My name is .. Lina : See you. 6. My name's Desi. She meets Rian. Mirna : Wow. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. so I have a friend to share with. this is Santi. 2. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Lina. Dian : Really? Good. Fany : Well. Lina : Hi. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Mari Memasak Sendiri. I also played football and sand with my brother. Activity 3 Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. 169 . Activity 4 1. I must go now. We are in the same class. they introduce each other. Hi. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Dian : Nice to meet you too. By the way. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. It sounds great. Santi : Hi. There is someone approaching her. this Lina. I'm Fany. I had a great vacation there. so you like cooking? I like cooking too.
Love to your parents. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. was 2. 5. I swam two or three times a day. He must have skidded in the rain. well. It was a really great place. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. You know what. My father bought me a motorcycle. surfed 9.Activity 9 1. but it was fun to try. did 3. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. I'm so happy. your father said that he would take you to the department store. I'm delighted to hear that. My brother got an accident last night. I hope. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. 2. Hani : Thanks Mom. 7. It gives me satisfaction. swam 7. Our teacher's father just passed away. and the weather's a lot better than at home. bought 8. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Hani : Hooray! That's great. Dear Evi and Andi. 5. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. but he was afraid to open his mouth. When I got back to town. When do we go there. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. Andi. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. there wasn't much left. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. Activity 3 1. 3. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. the food's great. The people are friendly. 8. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. left 6. 3. 4. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. See you soon. I am also happy to have parents like you both. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. played 10. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Words 1. had 4. so I was the one who talked to people. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Mom. You win a free ticket to Bali. went 5. good news 2. I'm so happy. as I said. April. 4. but no tourists.
"My sons. He broke his legs. 4. He wasn't.. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf.. "Rendi was knocked down by a car.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. Panji : Thank you. But i don't know where to ﬁnd them. All of them are folk tale books. I like to read fable. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. "Yesterday. they are on the corner shelves. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always ﬁghting. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. Panji : Thank you very much. "You are excellent and brilliant. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. Boni : Folk tale books .. You get Rp 10. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence" 7. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. on the TV news.000 credit bonus. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. I need some books about folk tale. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. He couldn't even stand up. The little girl said yes she was. 2 3. Taken from Readings to Remember. Boni : Let me help you. Finally." 3. I like Sangkuriang story. I'll see him in the hospital right away. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. Was he badly injured? Sure. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. 100. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. hmmm . Now. and unite to assist each other. That's terrible. "Congratulations. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. The story and the adventure is interesting. I am Lita.on it. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf." 5. was he? He was. Panji. "Did you hear that Mr. 2004 Activity 5 1. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. You get a free ticket for this holiday. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. but if you are divided among yourselves.. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. Boni : Don't mention it. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead." 8. My name is Putra I like reading comics. My name's Fitra. he was such in pain. if you are of one mind. Activity 7 1. you will be like these sticks together. It's got Rp. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. The title is Uzumaki Naruto. I am Ridwan. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. I'm reading Aesop's fables." 4. so he decided to teach them a lesson. I'm interested in reading legends.000.) These are the books that you need.. What I don't know where to ﬁnd them." 2." Tapescripts 171 . He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. "I heard that Budi was in jail. Many people died and got serious injured. The father said. Bon. That's very kind of you.its a bout superhero. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. "Well done. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello.
but I can't come. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. it won't surprise you. I think . (Lina takes the sandwich. Then. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. 6. Dr Fauzi : OK. and watching drama. After a long silence. I'd like to. Nice to meet you too. Arief and Rita have a chat. He had a friend. Bye. Finally. I'll decide to come or not. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. • Take two slices of bread. Activity 8 1. place the slices on one piece of the bread. It has been two months since my last visit to you. 9.. She interrupts them. Doni : Great. Then. Fany : That's OK. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. I'd love to. 10. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. my name is Lina. This is Andre. who always sees him for general check up. Santi : Hi. The girl : I'm Fanny. By the way. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. take two pieces of bread. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. On the way home. Lina continues her reading. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Mr Posuma : Alright.) It's very delicious. This is about our appointment. I'm sorry I can't make it. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. A girl : Excuse me. the girl offers something. 4. decide. Dr Fauzi : Bye. See you. Ten minutes later. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. great.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. Fauzi. I have nothing to do. put the other piece on the top. Then. You will come to my birthday. cut cheese into slices. Dr Fauzi : See you. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. I'd love to come. Let's meet at ﬁve. Mr Posuma : Hello. I'll be at your house at 8. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. that's OK. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. One day. First. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. How about tomorrow morning? 8.. We can meet next time. Susi. Spread butter on each piece. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. I'll promise I'll be there. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. Thank you very much. Lina : It's very simple. won't you? 3. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Mr Posuma : Hello. Mr Andre Posuma. Activity 3 1. Fauzi. Thank you for asking me. 7. After that. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. Lina : No. I'm sorry I'm late. his friend calls him. Now. I will attend a meeting. Rita : Wow. please. It's me. I don't think I can come to your party. Dr Fauzi : Well. Fany. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . but I've got an exam tomorrow.00 in the morning. I'm very sorry. Nice to meet you. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Andre. See you there. • Cut some cheese into slices. novels. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. There is someone approaching her. They enjoy reading stories. It's OK.
Draw a face on your whale. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Then. "I left the money in my room. say you want to make four cups of coffee. 6. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. Add boiling water. You will have a crease in the centre.' he said. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. but he could do nothing. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. 7. 8. 3. See? OK? Andre : Yes. Boil the water for three minutes.' I said. Now. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. 5. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. 4. Pour it into a glass or cup. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. James : Thanks for your help. "Well. When it starts to boil. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's ofﬁce and sat down. Jim.' The manager was sympathetic. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. then unfold it. Put some water in a pot. What you have should look like a kite. you take it off the stove. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. 5. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . Alex : Good morning. Place the paper on a ﬂat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. I'm ﬁne. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. "and it's not there now. Make your folds as sharp as possible.2. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. 3.' she said. I'm Smith. and stir it.' I said to the manager. 2. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. 3. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. Here it is. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. and when it reaches the top. Santi : Din. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. Jim : Don't mention it. Leave it for three minutes. Put an egg into the water. Take out the egg and let it cool. Then you light the gas. So. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. 2. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. OK? You put four cups of cold water. 1. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. It contained £50. thanks. thanks a lot. 4. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. Activity 11 1. Jim. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. or else it'll overﬂow and make a terrible mess. Add some sugar or milk. Heat the water. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot.
6. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. You are so kind. You look great today! I love your new hair style. 5. 2. It is me. he meets Desi. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. How are you doing? Andi : I am ﬁne. • Well done! • Fantastic/terriﬁc! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. I got a scholarship to study abroad. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Desi. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. this is really delicious. 8. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. 7. 3. 8. By the way. 2. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. Andi. It's my pleasure. I guess it's just my luck. My brother won a national singing contest. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 6. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. 7.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. In the course of the meal. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. 1. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. Andi. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. 3. "This is enough for me. that's amazing. 4. thanks. 4. 2. 3. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. • I like your hair style! • You're terriﬁc/fantastic. too. Taken from English Bestseller 12. I passed my ﬁnal exam 5. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. Andi. Desi. terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. Andi. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. On the way home. Andi : Oh. "Oh. Activity 3 1. • May I congratulate you on …. Desi : Never mind Andi. Tie the ends together. She congratulates and compliments Andi. My stomach can't take any more food. The next day. Andi : Thank you very much. Desi : Hi. Andi. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. saying at the same time. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. Desi : That's great. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. I've got it. the farmer's youngest son ran in. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. I got the highest score for the test. politely saying. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. his friend. Desi : Wow. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. no. shouting. You look great. I know you are very smart.' Just then. Joko : It's a terriﬁc job. Your performance is amazing. You know what. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. Desi : Thanks. I'm so happy right now. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table.
By the way. It's all right. Malin Kundang 2. "my friend was right. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. Please come in and have a seat. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. And you? I'm just ﬁne. After lunch she started to paint. 5. That she got an idea. How kind of you. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. The Witch was very happy. Thanks. one on top of the other. It worked very fast." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. B. 3. she said "Your house is ugly. C. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to inﬁltrate the strong roman defense. Henry. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . The entire ediﬁce is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. Great. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. Activity 5 A. Thanks. I have kept the package for you. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. thank you. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. Sangkuriang 4. When she looked around the room. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. 4. In the afternoon she ﬁnished the lower part of her house. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. The police have found your missing purse. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. thanks. Here it is. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. sure. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. and the walls are bigger. I'll tell him. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. Fine. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. Here it is and thanks. Activity 3 1. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. This man has saved y our daughter's life. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. The Romans. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. How are you this morning? Hi. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. please. and in ten minutes all job was done. and she worked very carefully. I have to repaint it. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. in southwestern England. Yuni. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. "Broom. Where do they originally come from? 1. My house is more beautiful than yours. The Red and White Onions 3. Thanks. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'.
look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. I tell you the truth. What a surprise! 2. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. Good heavens! 6. The tender process for the project is expected to ﬁnish by the end of June." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. guys. Many roads are ﬂooded. Are you serious? 6. He ﬁnds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. Oh really? Is it true? 3. no! Another disaster? (Then. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. Thousands of people were killed. Well. My goodness! 5. Aldi : Shh. What a shocking. pay attention to our leader. South Jakarta. We will have a holiday someday.. 7. please! I have something to tell you. " The design of the park is under way. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. I don't believe it. no. 3. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. : I'm serious. He told me about our holiday.OK my friends. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I can't imagine that. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. Please. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. Really? 4. Are you serious? 4. that's very surprising. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. from April 18 to 20.. South Jakarta. No. I ﬁnd that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. dear. It's very tragic. : Oh. be quiet. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. How very surprising/amazing. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Father : Oh.) Iwan : Yeah. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. It seems that he brings bad news for us. 5. Andi : Attention. : Keep calm guys. Many people became homeless. This is terrible. News 3 Lately. in July. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. Father : We know how it feels. Iwan : Dad. That's very disappointing. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. You must be kidding. I don't believe it. Besides its thousand doors. 2. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes.. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron.
Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. In addition. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy.m. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday." Mochtar said. the regency's capital. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. ﬁve hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of ﬁnish homework. Rita : Thank you. to 7:30 p.. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. Kristin : I can't come to your party. I don't think I can make it. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. when cereal prices began rising. Agus : Well done. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . in time for National Education Day. Taken from The Jakarta Post." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. : Let's meet at 8. Since early 2007. A staff of the local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. Tanti : Hey.000. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. : I'm busy.com on Monday. Herman. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. Rani : Thanks. 1996 3.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. "My ofﬁce is still drafting the regulation on study time. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. The trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. You deserve to get that award. would be issued on May 2. The regulation. November 18. My brother is ill. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. with four Premier League games to go. no TV. game consoles. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. During study time.000. 1. he said.00.m. He is in the hospital now. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. paralysing trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. "The study time must be effective. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea.
00 p. b 2. this is Santi. Activity 4 1. How are you? 3. spent 12. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. He was very friendly. Santi. 5. Good morning 5. 7. My name is Rian 6. In March. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. at 4:00 in the afternoon. Activity 5 1. swam 11. Nice to meet you too 8. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. She says see you. 7. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Lina. Let me introduce you to Lina. 3. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. I'm Deni. She was born in October 31. Activity 10 1. We sang. saw 6. 4. as I said. she does. 5. 6. Andika did.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. b 5. Desi. I'm Dian. 8. Activity 8 1. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. 2. lazy 10. went 5. c 3. Event 3 : When I got back to town. 2. 2. read poetry. Nice to see you. Yes he did. get 3. (b) Glad to meet you. Nice to meet you. She talks to Lina. No. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. than 8. 6. She was so surprised. had 7. 3. Good morning 2. 28th 2008 at 8. 10. My name is Lina. got 2. (b) Hi. 5. this Lina. It took for about one and a half hour. (b) Good morning. 3. At noon when it was getting darker. Activity 3 1. Activity 4 1. Hi. too. (b) Hi. A piece of paper that the man gave. 5. a Activity 8 1. Activity 2 1. 2. 3. Rudi. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. 4. Bye. We went camping. Activity 3 1. c 4. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. She also introduces herself. He was looking for a record store. well. she didn't. 2. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. played magic tricks. She confuse. Linda was born in 1952. happy. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. It takes place in the city park.m. 7. 4. 2. Take care. 4. there wasn't much left. He was walking down Sunda Street. Allow me to introduce myself 3. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. 4. quiet 4. 4. I must go now 9. danced.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. 5. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. Yes. 3. He was so surprised. (a) I'm just ﬁne. speechless. believe 9. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks.
He is looking for some books for his assignments. I'm so glad right now. that's good news. Answer Key 179 . No. Sally was listening to music in her room. They didn't not know each other. Ridwan. Activity 6 1. (a) Oh. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. Rosaura ran away from her house. I'm so happy for you. Superhero ﬁction. Activity 9 1. asked 7. Activity 2 1. she didn't. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. She cried in front of me. Sangkuriang 4. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. Activity 4 Answers may vary. Folk tales books 5. 2. 2. great 3. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. Activity 8 1. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. Answer may vary. 7. Putra. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. That's terrible 3. How awful! 5. even stand up 2. 5. 2. Harry Potter 3. 10. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. 3. proud 4. 8. blessed Dialogue 2 1. waited 5. 5. 8. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. saw that 4. Six peoples. 4. 7. Fitra. Boni and Panji.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. A folk tale. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. Legends. 9. 4. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. 10. that's too bad 6. Rosaura. I'll take care of it. legends. 6. 4. superhero comics. 3. I'm so sorry to hear that. The red ﬂowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the ﬁelds. happy 2. Hiding from her mother and father. (b) Oh really? That's great. 3. Answer may vary. opened 2. 2. Activity 4 1. Answer may vary. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. Activity 7 1. 4. fable. Answer may vary. adventure novel. disappeared 8. Answers may vary. they couldn't. 7. Metro-Goldwyn 4. Because the colour of the petals of the ﬂowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. 5. nightgown on 3. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. It's about ﬁnding the story books. 6. Activity 3 1. 8. 9. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. 2. 4. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. (a) How terrible! 3. a basket of food 6. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. Did you hear 4. 3. No. You have my sincere condolences.
After that 7. 2. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 8 1. 2. I'm sorry I can't make it. I'd love to. I'll be there 6. Turkish coffee. • Finally. Ask a friend. Certainly. d 17. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. • Stir the mixture and add salt. 1. To make the fan move sideways. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. 4. 3. • The best vegetables to use are onions. 15. b a c c b 16. 10. Do you want some? 3. Thirty students. Activity 2 1.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 7. • Then. Answers may vary 3. 7. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. Activity 7 1. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 2 1. c b a b d 11. 4. 5. 13. Invitation. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Answer may vary. Would you like to come to my house? 2. Review 1 A. 4. d 2. 2. 3. tomatoes and cucumber. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. 3. you can break in two or three eggs. Activity 6 1. I'm sorry. 3. push the pin on top of the motor 4. a 3. a 5. meat and eggs. Activity 4 1. Nice to meet you. b d a c a Listening 6. that's OK. 8. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese ﬂour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector ﬁrst then next ﬁnally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. • Now. Could you tell me 5. if you like. • First. Invitation. press one of the switches at the bottom. pepper and other spices. Let's meet at ﬁve. on the top. 8. Activity 10 1. First. 5. It's OK. To move the fan up or down. 2. Twenty eight. d 4. I'd love to come. To change the speed of the fan. then press the tilt adjustment knob. How to Boil an Egg. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. 2. vegetables. Being friendly. 6. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 9. 2. Eighty six percents. 14. Activity 3 1. Being friendly. garlic. 2. 12. 2. Activity 2 1. 4. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. How to Make a Cup of Tea.
(g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. 45. I do. 44. they didin't. shouted 4. 6. 6. 3. True 5. d 34. b 4. I'm so happy 5. 5. 40. False 8. b 2. 7. he felt very tired 3. Congratulations 6. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. 5. 43. 2. 19. 7. found out 9. come over 2. b 5. 24. went to the shop 6. 30. 4. True 2. True Activity 9 1. 22. c d b a a 41. Is it true 2. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. a 2. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. 2. c 4. 39. 42. I think so. True 7. He died. it started Activity 10 1. Activity 8 1. 37. b 5. a c c b c C. looked around 5. 4. ran away. 32. A family is helped by the ﬁreﬁghters from being trapped in a ruin. Reading 18. 4. True 6. 9. 6. She went to the castle and killed a knight. 5. b 35. more beautiful 3. Fifty years. e 3. 20. Well done! 7. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. a paint brush 10. Thank you very much 4. No. 27. c Activity 2 1. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. 5. 10. Yes. 31. 3. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. a 4. Activity 3 1. 36. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. started to 7. 3. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. Answer Key 181 . How are you doing 2. Activity 3 1. Writing 23. 8. 4. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. False 3. 29. 33. a 3. A dragon. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 25. 21. A special sword. ﬁnished 8. while he was going from one village to another. the the a Yes.B. (k) One day. a 3. bought read Put shave killed. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. Activity 4 1. Grendel 2. d a a d c 28. 38. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. It is me terriﬁc job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. Activity 6 1. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. The wax statue is melted by a ﬁre at the House of Wax. 26. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. You look great today 3. False 4.
near Activity 13 1. Activity 2 1. East of the cave. long winding corridors 6. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. F 3. Africa Time of building: 1. d 5. It is on Niagara River. b 5. Picture 2 B. historical buildings 2. 10. 2. 2. And so on. thanks 1. of 6. 90 years old. Lawang Sewu 3.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. 6. i 9. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . On Sunday morning. thank you 3. of 10. for 2. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. how kind of you. stained glass windows 5. m 11. 2. 8. h Activity 4 1. Activity 2 1. 3. a 3. how grateful I am. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. 4. 9. 2. F 4. 7.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. he is. T 5. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. thanks 2. 4. Picture 3 C. at 9. 7. of 11. It's all right. A steep gorge. 3. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. k 4. Canada and the United States. Activity 3 1.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. coconut-palms and birds.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. Activity 8 1. he can. for 15. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. She'd love to. Ardi does. Thanks. thanks 4. Yes. of 4. Returning sport magazine he lent. of 8. Wareng village. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. Yes. 6. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. on 7. j 2. 3. 3. 5. 6. T 2. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-riceﬁelds. Activity 12 1. in 13. 5. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. Activity 5 A. b 10. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. in a lime hill called Tapan.8 kilometre). landmark Location: in the South Paciﬁc. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. Activity 7 Answers may vary. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. 4. Wiyogo. The wall is from stone and the ﬂoors. 5. in Tabuhan. a thousand doors 4. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). for 12. l 13. doors. and roofs are from wood. 5. 3. a 2. Activity 3 1. 8. Activity 10 1. e 6. for 5. 2. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. g 7. b 4. 5. 3. 11. 4. a 8.5 mile (0. for 3. c 12. f 3. to 14. Easter Island Answers may vary. I won't say no.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back.
Activity 5 1. 3. Activity 7 1. and a prison-the scene of murder. 9.K. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. they do. through ﬂower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. 2. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. As little as 1. No. crowded 4. Paragraph 10–12 2. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Oahu. This is terrible. no! 4. so gloomy 6. F 9. T 8. Are you serious? 2. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. News 5 Activity 9 1. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. How the Tower of London was. huge 2. issued 4. Activity 7 1. bad news 5. will force 2. I don't believe it. T Activity 6 1. A plain big stone. lovely 5. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. Big Island and Maui. Paragraph 3 4. Since then it has been a fortress. and years of imprisonments. How the Tower of London is now. 10. Oh. Yes. In 1999. we can't. Paragraph 17 3. showing nine centuries of British history. 9. ceremonies. to study 5. F 5. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. F 7. Attention 4. Full board. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. regulation 3. entertainment centers 6. Lights. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. News 2 4. News 1 5. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia.8. News 6 3. F 10. F 6. phrases. look! 2. They contain a description of places. Answer Key 183 . or Mahalo in Hawaiian. 3. News 4 6. 7. Activity 4 The Tower of London was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls.'s ﬁnest castles. 2. from colourful shirts. 4. and. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. execution. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. News 3 2. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. Paragraph 14 2. Activity 5 1. a palace. is the home of the Crown Jewels.250 euros per person for seven nights. draw 3. "Fine". F 3. Activity 2 1. It also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays. 3. T 4. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. 8. 3.700 kilograms. T 2. Oh. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. 5. Paragraph 7 5. Kauai. The Tower is one of the U. 6.
The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. they have.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 30. The students visit the national museum. 3. 29. 53. Ministry of Defence. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. In the room where top scientists meet 4. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. b 2. 32. ending statements Activity 3 1. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. Activity 2 1. 15. 17. d 55. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. F 4. 4. quotes 8. 33. 37. 6. 12. 36. d b 28. 50. c 58. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. students. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . a Activity 7 1." said Mr Ardi. and schools. 51. b c 24." said Mrs Zakia. 19. T 2. 3. 35. Jazz forecast All weekend." 2. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. 14. b 4. 7. Alya said. 4. 2. headline 2. 40. 1. b a 22. b c 27. a 56. 13. Reading C. These 47. 41. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. Those 46. 52. b 57." asked Nia. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. Activity 9 1. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. The man said. b a d c Listening 5. 3. c c 23. 18. the events 4. before 49. B. c 21. 31. "Meet me in my ofﬁce. Activity 4 1. Review 2 A. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. 2. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. 42. F 6. d Because parents want their children academically competitive."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. but 44." 5. 16. Answers may vary. 38. but 48. a 5. a d a c 39. introductory paragraph 3. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. 54. date 5. a 3. b c c a 9. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. T Activity 5 1. T 3. T 5. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. d b 25. The students were given a new book by the teacher. caption 7. photograph 6. "The team' means parents. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. 11. From the time of birth. 34. Yes. d d 26. 10. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. 8. for 45. Between the age of two and six. Hamdan asked. 20. "Please return my books that you borrowed.
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