Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo Lecture from Prof Francis August Ramos Transcribed by Nikko Izar
Noli Me Tangere
NOVELA EL TAGALA Influenced by Eugene Sue’s The Wandering Jew Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Harriet Beecher Stowe Bible Describing the Philippines under the Spanish Government and Church Jose Rizal was a student in Univiersidad Central de Madrid House of Paterno – every propagandist will give a chapter as their contribution But the propagandist wants to write about women in Europe and about gambling Rizal wrote it by himself “Don’t touch me”, Huwag mo kong salingin It should be in the gospel of John instead of Luke “Araw ng Pagkabuhay” / Resurrection with St. Mary of Magdalene It was made in Madrid, Paris and Germany Lost chapter in Elias at Salome Finished in 1887 Berlin 2000 copies for P300 borrowed from Maximo Viola Copies were given to Ferdinand Blumentritt, Graciano Lopez, Mariano Ponce and Felix Hidalgo The galley proof was given to Mr. Viola as sense of gratitude Dedicated to the Philippines Social Cancer Chapter 1 – House of Kapitan Tiyago Characters: Crisostomo Ibara son of Don Rafael Ibarra – friend of Kapitan Tiyago (owner of the house)
pessimists. frivolous. optimist.H del Pilar El Fili students – humorous. leaders and followers Students discussing and debating – defeat of their cause Plans of students – revolution
. M. noisy. El Fili – revenge and anger Both show situation of the Philippines during the Spanish Period Idea of liberalism.Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo Lecture from Prof Francis August Ramos Transcribed by Nikko Izar
Ma. silent. Freedom and Revolution Thoughtful. critical. discursive and dialectical Effects of Leonor Rivera. Calamba Controversy. Clara – lover of the main character Padre Damaso-fat Franciscan curate of San Diego Padre Sibyla – Dominican friar of Binondo Senyor Guevarra – Tenyente Don Tiburcio de Espadana and Donya Victorina Easy reading. serious. indifferent. industrious. more of action and motion (Voltairian) EL FILIBUSTERISMO NOVELA EL FILIPINA Motivated by the Calamba affair and not by his experience in his student years Both Noli and El Fili shows strong anti-Clerical and even anti-Catholic color It discredit the colonial government and religious institutes A weapon used by a rationalist liberal of the 19th century would use Made in Brussels Belgium in Ghent with Jose Alejandrino and Edilberto Evangelista With the help of Valintin Ventura Dedicated to Gomburza Noli – love story.
like holidays. anti-clerical 5.Isagani. Sandoval – Peninsulares -shows a 19th century Spanish liberalist.Lachuacha student.always irritates his classmates
. illusion and disappointments of Rizal 3. open-minded.Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo Lecture from Prof Francis August Ramos Transcribed by Nikko Izar
Simoun – want to have an academy of Spanish language – organization of Jehu El Fili professors – Father Millon – the bad professor in Physics Father Sibyla – not loved by Rizal – became vice rector of the university Shows discrimination (Tabo) Students of UST 1. Juanito Pelaez. intelligent. periods and places 6. reasonable and brave 2. generous. pessimistic.adopted by Kapitan Tiyago -Another angle of Rizal as a medical student -Shows enigmatic ambiguity character and feeling -oscillating between fear and hope -like Rizal – Pessimism and optimism. great orator. most interested with the girls -universal type of person common to all schools.Basilio.unfaithful sweetheart of Paulita Gomez -without notable defects.scpetical.Tadeo. Makaraeg. anti-type of Sandoval -Mistrust of the government and friars -also like Rizal 7.Pecson.afford to go to Europe -leadership character like Rizal in Companeros de Jehu -very rich -comfortable financial situation like Rizal -discreet 4.
rash. Freedom in an essential component of human dignity and 4. unhappy experience in the classroom -joined the rebels Priest – hypocritical. injuruos to the sacred hierarch. God. God is the ultimate reason of the universe 2. He believed in a God who made himself known by the unfolding of the human mind through: 1. placid patient. Ph.PLacido Penintente – Peaceful. love is the supreme manifestation of a human’s recognition of his divine origin GOD IS THE ULTIMATE REASON OF THE UNIVERSE Rizal called it Providence.Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo Lecture from Prof Francis August Ramos Transcribed by Nikko Izar
Unforgivable crime.liberalist free thinking Friars – wicked Filipinos – despairing Kill all the Spanish authorities and friars! Reaction of Noli: Jose Rodriguez – full of heresies. foolish. ignorant. blasphemies and grossest errors False. heretic Recurrenty Themes in Rizal’s Works by Florentino H. D.grabbing intrigues. offensive to friars. to the faithful. Only scientific solutions really work in the interest of the human community ALL HUMANS ARE EQUAL IN DIGNITY
. meddling.he married Paulita Gomez 8. impious. enlightenment by the natural sciences He did not think much of politics and power. Hornedo. These are what I percieve to be recurrent themes in the works of Jose Rizal 1. all humans are equal in dignity 3. erroneous. conservative Ibarra. education and 2. and so forth.
2. THE SPIRIT HE/SHE RECEIVED FROM GOD CANNOT UNFOLD. and be defended even to the death. 1. He saw the emerging need of violence as a last resort. He had tender sympathy for the poor and helpless: 1. The apparenr inferiority of certain oppressed peoples is caused by their oppressed and brutalization of oppressors. He was concerned for the basic needs and happiness of his family and other people around him. FREEDOM IS ESSENTIAL TO DIGNITY UNLESS A HUMAN IS FREE. He provided potable water for the people of Dapitan. -NO MATERIAL PROGRESS -THERE WOULD BE NO DESTITUTION OF BODY AND SPIRIT Dignity is virtuousness.
Love is the supreme manifestation of any human’s recognition of his divine origin Rizal was often nearly mystical. This consuming concern for people’s welfare was his religion. 4. He taught the ignorant 3. This must be upheld as honor at all times. but he was unwilling to accept the concomitant death of innocent bystanders and illprepared revolutionaries. NOT according to mere convenience. THE BEST IDEAS CANNOT BE EXPRESSED 2. The white man has been particularly guilty of this oppression.Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo Lecture from Prof Francis August Ramos Transcribed by Nikko Izar
No human is born superior to thers in dignity. and virtue means living according to principles.
. WITHOUT FREEDOM. SCIENCES CANNOT FLOURISH AND WITHOUT THE SCIENCES. He tried to alleviate pain through medicine.