EE8412

Advanced AC Drive Systems Topic 3

Power Converter Topologies

Courtesy of ABB
Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2006, ISBN: 0-471-73171-4

1

EE8412

EE8412 Advanced AC Drive Systems

Power Converter Topologies

Lecture Topics
1) Two-level Voltage Source Inverters 2) Cascaded H-bridge (CHB) Inverters 3) Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters 4) Current Source Converters

2
Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2006, ISBN: 0-471-73171-4

1

EE8412

Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies

Two-level Voltage Source Inverter
• Inverter Configuration
P
g1
D1 D3 D5

S1
A

g3

S3

g5

S5 iA iB

Vd

Cd

B
D4 D6

O
LOAD

C g2

iC
D2

g4

S4

g6

S6

S2

N

Assumption: dc capacitor very large → dc voltage ripple free
3
Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2006, ISBN: 0-471-73171-4

EE8412

Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies

Two-level Voltage Source Inverter
• Square Wave Operation
P

g1

D1

S1
A

g3

S3

D3

g5

S5

D5

iA
Vd
Cd ∞

iB
B
D4

vg1 vg2 vg3 vg4 vg5 vg6 v AN
0

ωt

ωt

C
D6

iC
D2

Vd

g4

S4

g6

S6
N

g2

ωt ωt ωt

S2

v BN
0

v CN
0

• Gating arrangements 60° apart Conduction angle: 180° Complementary gating: S1 on → S4 off S3 on → S6 off S5 on → S2 off • During first 60° period S1 on , VAN = Vd S6 on, VBN = 0 S5 on, VCN = Vd

v AB
0

Vd
2V d / 3 V / 3 d

ωt

v AO
0

ωt

iA
0

π 3

π 3
π

π 2
D1 S1

ωt

D4

S4

C u rre n t-ca rryin g d e v ice s in leg A

Why called two-level?

vAN = 0 or =Vd
4

Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2006, ISBN: 0-471-73171-4

2

ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Load Phase Voltage • Phase voltage calculation ⎧v AO = (v AB − vCA ) / 3 ⎪ ⎨v BO = (v BC − v AB ) / 3 ⎪v = (v − v ) / 3 ⎩ CO CA BC Vd ∞ P g1 D1 S1 A g3 D3 S3 g5 D5 S5 iA iB Cd B D4 D6 O LOAD • Fourier expression C g2 iC D2 v AO 2 = ∑ Vd sin (nωt ) n =1. .EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Inverter Output Voltage • Line-to-line voltage v AB = n =1. Wiley-IEEE Press. 5 . 7 .47 Vd 3 6 Textbook: Bin Wu.. 2006.11.816Vd 3 5 Textbook: Bin Wu. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 3 .11. π n ∞ g4 S4 g6 S6 S2 N • rms value ⎛ 1 V AO = ⎜ ⎝ 2π ∫ 2π 0 ⎞ (v AO ) 2 d (ωt ) ⎟ ⎠ 1/ 2 = 2 Vd = 0. Wiley-IEEE Press... ∞ ∑ 4Vd π ⎞ ⎛ nπ ⎞ ⎛ cos⎜ ⎟ sin⎜ n(ωt + ) ⎟ nπ 6 ⎠ ⎝ 6 ⎠ ⎝ • Fundamental-frequency voltage 4Vd π VAB1 = cos = 0. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.. 5 .13 . 7 .78Vd 6 2π • rms voltage ⎛ 1 V AB = ⎜ ⎝ 2π ∫ 2π 0 ⎞ 2 v AB d (ωt ) ⎟ ⎠ 1/ 2 5π / 3 ⎛ 1 ⎛ 2π / 3 ⎞ (Vd ) 2 d (ωt ) + ∫ ( −Vd ) 2 d (ωt ) ⎞ ⎟ =⎜ ⎜∫ ⎟ π ⎠⎠ ⎝ 2π ⎝ 0 1/ 2 = 2 Vd = 0.13. . 2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.

‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 8 4 . Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Gate Signal Generation vmA vcr π 2π v g1 vg 4 v AN Vd Phase A v mA > v cr v g1 > 0 (v g 4 < 0) v g 4 > 0 (v g1 < 0) S1 on ( S 4 off ) S 4 on ( S1 off ) v AN = Vd v mA < v cr v AN = 0 Vg1 and Vg4 are complementary Textbook: Bin Wu.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Modulating and Carrier Waves v vcr vmA ˆ Vcr vmB ˆ Vm vmC ωt • vcr – Carrier wave (triangle) • Amplitude modulation index ma = ˆ Vm ˆ Vcr f cr fm • vm – Modulating wave (sine) • Frequency modulation index mf = 7 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. 2006. 2006.

‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. n < (mf -2). are eliminated 10 Textbook: Bin Wu.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Line-to-Line Voltage vAB v v cr vmA ˆ V cr v mB ˆ Vm v mC ωt 0 P S1 S3 S5 v AN A Vd Vd B C ωt vBN Vd 0 S4 S6 S2 ωt N v AB 0 v AB 1 Vd π 2π ωt 9 Textbook: Bin Wu. fm = 60Hz. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Waveforms and FFT v AB Vd π 2π 3π v AO 2Vd / 3 iA • ma = 0. 2006. mf = 15. Wiley-IEEE Press.49 Vd mf ±2 2m f ± 1 3m f ± 2 4m f ± 1 • Low order harmonics. 2006. fcr = 900Hz • Switching frequency fsw = fcr = 900Hz π 2π 3π V ABn / Vd V AB1 = 0. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 5 .8. Wiley-IEEE Press.

612Vd 11 Textbook: Bin Wu. 2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 6 .max = 0.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Harmonic Content V AB n Vd n =1 2m f ± 1 mf 4m f ± 1 ±2 3m f ± 2 3m f ± 4 ma • VAB1 versus ma is linear • VAB1. Wiley-IEEE Press. 2006. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Space Vector Modulation (introduction) V3 OPO SECTOR III SECTOR II r jβ V2 PPO r V ref r ω SECTOR I V4 OPP PPP OOO r θ V1 POO r α V0 SECTOR IV SECTOR V SECTOR VI r OOP r V5 V6 r POP 12 Textbook: Bin Wu.

ma = 0. 2006. 2006.1ms 13 Textbook: Bin Wu. fsw = 900Hz. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 7 . Ts = 1. Wiley-IEEE Press. Wiley-IEEE Press.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Two-level Voltage Source Inverter • Space Vector Modulation (introduction) Sector VI V IV III II I I II III V IV VI v AB Vd 0 π 2π 3π v AO 0 2V d / 3 iA 0 π 2π 3π • f1 = 60Hz. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters CHB Inverter Fed MV Drive Source: ASI Robicon 14 Textbook: Bin Wu.696. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.

S12 S32 E S 42 S 22 vH 2 E E S12 and S42. S32 and S22. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 8 . S31 and S21. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Converter Topologies (7. N Converters in cascade. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. 2006.and 9-levels) A S11 S31 A E E vH 1 S 41 S 21 vH 1 S12 E S 42 S 32 E vH 2 vH 2 S 22 E vH 3 S13 E S33 vH 3 S 43 S 23 N E vH 4 N 16 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. 2006.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Converter Topologies (5-level) LOAD O A S11 S31 B C E S41 S 21 vH 1 E E Complementary Switch pairs: S11 and S41. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. Wiley-IEEE Press. 15 Textbook: Bin Wu. but no switching devices in series.

2006. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Inverter Waveforms (7-level. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. Wiley-IEEE Press.0 • # of voltage levels: m = 7 • # of carriers: mc = m .0 v cr 2 v cr 3 v mA 0 -1. Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 vAB 6E 0 9 .EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Phase Shifted PWM v cr 1 1. phase shifted) vH1 vH 2 vH3 vAN 3E 0 • Switching occurs at different times • fsw(device) = 60 mf = 600Hz • Inverter phase voltage levels: 7 • Low EMI • Line-to-line voltage levels: 12 • Close to a sinusoid • Low THD 18 Textbook: Bin Wu. 2006.1 = 6 • Phase shift: 360°/ mc = 60° S11 S31 v g 11 v g 31 vH 1 E v cr 1− v cr 2 − v cr 3 − A π Carriers: vcr1 and vcr1Carriers: vcr2 and vcr2Carriers: vcr3 and vcr3- E vH 1 S 41 S21 H1 v g 12 v g 32 vH 2 E π S12 E S 42 S32 v g 13 v g 33 vH 3 E π vH 2 S 22 H2 v AN 3E 0 S13 E S 33 v AN = v H 1 + v H 2 + v H 3 π vH 3 S 43 S 23 H3 m=7 N 17 Textbook: Bin Wu. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.

4 0. phase shifted) V AB n Vd ∆y 0.224 ∆x n=1 0.3 ∆y ∆x = 1.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Harmonic Spectrum (7-level.1 6m f ± 7 6m f ± 1 6 m f ± 11 0 0 0. 2006.8 ma • Inverter equivalent switching frequency: fsw(inv) = 6 fsw(device) • Small filter size for sinusoidal outputs. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 10 .2 6m f ± 5 0. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.6 0. 2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Harmonic Content (7-level.2 0. 20 Textbook: Bin Wu. phase shifted) V H 1 n / Vd 2m f ± 1 4m f ± 1 6m f ± 1 •Lowest harmonics: around 2mf • Lowest harmonics: around 6mf • Containing triplen harmonics VANn / Vd 6m f ± 3 6m f − 9 6m f + 9 VABn / Vd 6m f − 7 6m f ± 1 6m f + 7 • No triplen harmonics • Equivalent fsw(inverter) = 60(6mf ) = 3600Hz 19 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. Wiley-IEEE Press.

0 POD 21 (c) Phase opposition disposition (POD) Textbook: Bin Wu. IPD) vmA vcr1 vcr2 vcr3 vcr3 vcr2 vcr1- • # of voltage levels: m = 7 • # of carriers: mc = m .1 = 6 v g11 v g31 vH 1 π v g 12 v g 32 vH 2 π v g 13 v g 33 vH 3 v AN v AN = v H 1 + v H 2 + v H 3 π π } • fsw(device) << fcr (900Hz) • fsw(device) – Not the same for all switches. • Device conduction angle – not equal.0 vcr1 vcr2 0 vm π • # of voltage levels: m = 5 • # of carriers: mc = m .0 1.0 IPD (a) In-phase disposition (IPD) 1. Wiley-IEEE Press.0 vcr1 vcr2 0 vm vcr3 vcr4 -1. • Necessary to swap switching pattern.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Level Shifted PWM 1. 2006. 2π vcr3 vcr4 -1. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 11 .0 π 2π 3π APOD (b) Alternative phase opposition disposition (APOD) vcr1 vcr2 0 vm π • IPD provides the best harmonic profile.1 = 4 2π 3π vcr3 vcr4 -1. •m=7 22 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. 2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Gating Pulse Arrangement (7-level.

2006. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters NPC Inverter Fed MV Drive Courtesy of Siemens 24 Textbook: Bin Wu. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 12 .) •m=7 v AB 2π 4π • Close to a sinusoid • Low THD. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. 2006. Wiley-IEEE Press.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Cascaded H-bridge Inverters • Inverter Output Voltages (7-level. low EMI m f + 16 VABn / Vd m f − 16 mf −8 mf ± 2 mf +8 • Equivalent fsw(inv) = fcr = 3600Hz 23 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. IPD) vH 1 vH 2 vH 3 v AN 2π 4π • Switching occurs at different times • fsw(device) = fcr /mc = 600Hz (avg.

DB2 . 2006. DB1.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters • Inverter Topology (three-level NPC) id DZ 1 S1 D1 D2 E Cd1 S2 A iA B C Vd Z iZ DZ 2 S 3 iB iC O E Cd 2 D3 D4 S4 Six clamping diodes: DA1. Wiley-IEEE Press. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters • Switching State Complementary Switch pairs: SX1 and SX3. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 13 . Wiley-IEEE Press. DC1 and DC2 25 Textbook: Bin Wu. SX2 and SX4. DA2 . 2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. 26 Textbook: Bin Wu.

III. V. IV.15 0. VI 27 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters • Space Vector Diagram V15 r Sector II V8 r V14 r Sector III V9 r V3 r V2 r V ref V7 r r Sector I 19 space vectors: Zero vector: Small vectors: Medium vectors: Large vectors: V0 V1 – V6 V7 – V12 V13 – V18 V16 r V4 r V0 r θ V1 r V13 r V10 Sector IV r V5 r V6 r V12 Sector VI r V11 r V17 r Sector V V18 r Six sectors: I.05 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 n 20 22 26 28 28 Textbook: Bin Wu. 2006. II.0% 0. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters • Simulated Waveforms (Space vector Modulation) vg1 vg 4 π 2π 3π v AZ +E 0 -E v AB +2E 0 -2E V ABn / Vd THD = 41. Wiley-IEEE Press. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.1 14 16 0. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 14 . 2006.

ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters • Level-shifted PWM (four-level) 1 . Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 15 .EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters • Harmonic Spectrum (Space vector Modulation) V AB n / Vd ma V AB n / Vd ma 29 Textbook: Bin Wu. 2006. 2006.0 (a ) vg1 vg2 vg 3 (b ) v AN 0 3E (c ) v AB 0 3E (d ) iA 0 π 2π (e ) 3π 30 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press.0 v cr1 vcr 2 vcr 3 -1 . ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.

ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Converters PWM Current Source Converter Fed MV Drive Courtesy of Rockwell Automation 32 Textbook: Bin Wu. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 16 . 2006.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Neutral Point Lamped (NPC) Inverters • Harmonic Content (four-level. IPD Modulation) V AB n / Vd ma 31 Textbook: Bin Wu. 2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. Wiley-IEEE Press. Wiley-IEEE Press. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.

Assist GCT commutation .Reliable short circuit protection – constant dc current . 2006. Wiley-IEEE Press.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Converters • Current Source Inverter S1 S3 S5 g1 A g3 g5 iw is ic O • Switching devices: . ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.Reverse blocking GCT Id B v AB C LOAD S4 S6 g6 g2 S2 Cf Cf Cf g4 Function of output capacitor C: .Simple topology – no antiparallel diodes . ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.Reduce harmonic distortion Features: .Four quadrant operation 33 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 17 . ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • PWM Techniques 1) Trapezoidal PWM (TPWM) 2) Selective Harmonic Elimination (SHE) 3) Space Vector Modulation (SVM) 34 Textbook: Bin Wu. 2006.Very low dv/dt on motor terminals .

ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Trapezoidal PWM (TPWM) v cr vm Vˆm 0 Vˆc r π 3 2π 3 π 2π ωt v g1 vg2 vg3 2π ωt ωt ωt ωt ωt ωt vg4 vg5 vg6 iw 0 Id π 3 2π 3 π 2π ωt • Number of pulses per half cycle: Np = 7 36 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. 2006. 35 Textbook: Bin Wu. . 2006. Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 18 . one switch connected to the positive dc bus.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Switching Constraints g1 P S1 S3 S5 g3 g5 iw A Id .Inverter output current waveform must be defined. and the other to the negative dc bus. only two switches are turned on.dc current Id cannot be interrupted. S4 B C S6 g6 N S2 g2 g4 At any time instant. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.

2 0. Wiley-IEEE Press.6 0.2 0.8 • Np = 15 • Fundamental does not change much with ma I wn ˆ I ma n=5 w1 0.4 n=1 0.2 n=5 n=7 0 0. 2006. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 19 .04 25 0 0.8 n = 11 n = 17 n = 13 19 0 ma 37 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Inverter Waveforms (TPWM) 38 Textbook: Bin Wu.6 0.4 0.4 0. 2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.16 0.12 n=7 0.6 0.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Harmonic Content (TPWM) I wn ˆ I w1 0.8 0.08 29 23 0.

2006. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Selective Harmonic Elimination (SHE) iw π 3 −θ1 2π 3 Id 0 θ1 θ2 π 6 π π 3 π 2π ωt 3 −θ2 • Not all the switching angles are independent. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 20 . ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. • Number of harmonics to be eliminated: k = ( N p − 1) / 2 • No modulation index control – the magnitude of inverter output current is controlled by the dc link current Id Textbook: Bin Wu. 2006. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 39 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Inverter Waveforms (SHE) Harmonic eliminated: 5th and 7th Harmonic eliminated: 5th 40 Textbook: Bin Wu. • Only two harmonics can be eliminated with 5 pulses per half cycle. Wiley-IEEE Press. Wiley-IEEE Press.

41 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. 2006. . ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Space Vector Modulation (SVM) jβ SECTOR III r I3 ω θ SECTOR II r I4 r I ref r I2 α SECTOR IV r I0 SECTOR I r I5 SECTOR V r I1 r I6 SECTOR VI • Definition of . ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Simulated Waveforms (SVM) iw 2π 4π is v AB 2π 4π 42 Textbook: Bin Wu. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.six active current vectors and one zero vector. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 21 . Wiley-IEEE Press.six sectors. 2006.

EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Inverter • Harmonic Content (SVM) I wn I w1 n=1 0.08 0. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.2 0. 2006. Wiley-IEEE Press.02 n =5 7 11 17 0 0 0. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 22 .6 0. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’. 44 Textbook: Bin Wu.06 19 0. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Rectifier • Converter Topology Ld g1 S1 S3 S5 id vs Ls is iw A B L O A D vd C Utility Supply Cf S4 S6 S2 • Switching devices: Reverse blocking GCT • Function of filter capacitor Cf: To assist GCT commutation.04 0. Wiley-IEEE Press. To reduce line current THD.4 0. 2006.8 13 ma 43 Textbook: Bin Wu.

‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.95 Trace A: current in switch S1 Trace B: Rectifier input current iw Trace C: Line current is 45 Textbook: Bin Wu. Wiley-IEEE Press. Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 EE8412 Advanced AC Drive Systems Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies 46 Textbook: Bin Wu. ISBN: 0-471-73171-4 23 .EE8412 Topic 3 Power Converter Topologies Current Source Rectifier • PWM Techniques 1) Selective Harmonic Elimination (SHE) 2) Space Vector Modulation (SVM) • Experimental Waveforms (SHE with 5th and 7th harmonic elimination) ma = 0. 2006. 2006.7 ma = 0. ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’.

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