·PI:.<.

,;IAL

IIAI OLl, 'l;

117··01

1.

HJSTOR Y OF FLIGHT:

I. B-:.2C, 58 -l r,.. (T,.I\ I r·l, .Ih. G .,d ttl the 681h Bernb: rdrnum Wing. Seymour-Johnson AF'B, North Carolln , and KC-US '6J-l7l (Troubadour 11). assigned 10 Lin: 91th Bomhardmenl Win, Blylhevillc Alta. Arkanu!l (TOY l!.he time 10 the Spanish Tanker Task Forct'. Me.Nn AB. Sp In) collided and r .1SJ.tlU at ppr o rm te ly 09Z0Z, Ii J anuar y 1~'()6, \Via Ic 1'03 rllcip lIns In 1;I·ll I r lI·flll·li"l:: ope rallona 1n the Saddle Hock Ai r Re£Qflling Area., Spain. c!t;6° tr a c k, The rn l s s ron w s achedulcd Indoc:lnn3UVI1 !Ugh' (SAC OPOROB •.(,(,. Chrome Dnmt: Sorties 11 ar-d 1Z\. app/I»)(,.m.ttely lZ~C;O hourI> tI. ,ju .,IIUIl lUI Ihu B· t;~ and fJl>roKtmalely "1".0 hour" in dill' II " hlr III.· I<C: ·Il;. Two in r r"Cuclings we re e h duled , the IiI' lin th,' G,'ldl"lI Spur lAnd Ilh' c~'nl\d III rlu- SilddlC! Rotk Aro:i\. The crew Ten 160;.011 11,1,·,) \II C.lpl,\'" cr..,I'I. J, WcnLlurC, "-RC,6I1bS ( rcrdrl com1'I11I11u'r); 1101 LI It II !Iii lit J. RO()I11!Y. ~'VJJjlblC) ( oprlot): C plain [ e n Buchanae , _r-VJCllJ677 [rada r IIjlVI~i1I ...r); I ~l L' Slcphcm S. MOnlllnlUl, FV313Q365 (naV1j:<toT); ht Ll Georg~' J. CI sne r , FV112.2g47. (sulatilulc e lev t r()nir. \AI,) rf:.. ,,(fj('er, • the' r.'ltl.la,. EWO wa...a OmF). TSgr nonaJd P. Snyder, AIi'll" J·t~Il, (gwu .. 'r)· 1111(1MIIJ(H Larry O. Me :nger, FV764067 (l;taH pl11.1). Th CI~W I.r 1'n'llb.lulI .. 14. TJ.>Y III (1\11 Spul\1 h T:Jnlt,.·r ,.., j( rt.rc ,. r r om ,h,. '''Ulh i'llImh:"'drnC!n Wins. I)JOth A.r Refucllng Sq •. dr on , UI:rg1ltrolll AFU. T.· tl~. W'''I' MaJnr Emil J. Chapla, FV~t'l""'1 (.lIrt r alt 11111\111 nde r), C fll:lIn I"'olUt R. Lowe, FV30&044Jl, (c:ul'a1ol)i (,apt 1:11 lon' E. S,mm"ns. rVHO·IOOI. (nn/igat)L'): alln MSgt L uyd G. PutC'lllc:('hic', A F31960l'iS (hol.n\ operator). A unnrral ChNmu Dome hri{"itn~ "'.18 ~'('"c1"" led at 1(,O(lZ, l4 De c embe r- 1965, and p t>-lall,· .. I( brill(m" a. l03IlZ. II> J .. »ua r v 1')01.1, I"r III ~l ,rcw. 'rhe KC· IJr, '''I:' I"O(''''II'U ,I ":1':"'.' "I h, It'lln .).1 01)007 .• I~ January 19b&, .lnd pre .. '.• k~'oli br,c!:"R al 07.1"Z., I; J.IIIU. r'l I'JII(, r(·~ 1(, w,.jI 5,h"d,,:. d tu Ieud t hu lWO·· .hip r~'rmal'Oll ,h., J'trSl h.lH vf Ihl' rnj, .. ,IIIII. Pld",thl Ir IiI) l\ ·"l WOld normal whh Ih XCI! pliul' £ '\.111,1> '1' ... \to LIIIF ,..llli .. maltuncUun allu an oil P:CIIISUl'tI t r an m u e r IT 1'.1 n,.I;.:·I'. A,..". ~U\I ,.! Ill' r adl» nlainll'I1<1.n~O. Taa III took v r e Ie vun ml nure s lut.e , Th' milfsin:1 vr'}8reslll~d to tho Hlrsl i r rofuf'ling willa linlin' molin nimHI w,thin Ih\! VI' IIcrib~d block. T 16 r upo r-te d th.\! hili aUII'llIloL wUlIld not Ollllnlain p rer-i ae headlngs lUlU xa~l ~Utude. Th rrri .. ren W"I ('n L III ror the G"lutln Spur ARCP at O!iZaz. u Tea 16 r"Cueled IIIIing IIlC1pllr.t l4'ill,1'rClubndu',r IJ alld II. Briel d on-Joad wal L ken wlthonl all irllldvcrlllnt ultjl'c,nlllH'I, End oC ail' rorlleling l[;U:1l w .. s approxlmaroly 0615Z. ACta r cum .. I,. Lllln 111 .1 r r,,( 10It wi

..,r

r.,

a ..

'" 1I1l: h. .)(,'k ArQa wilJ, Iwo KC,' J5 liar Morl)l1 I\U, .5,).1111. TIll' ,HIli" n. ',.! (Tun tll ... still ·118 a nd nccompJ' d hI! rendu:t. ou s , Tlall ""\.lull", r III the c leu r w th no 1.,.l,"lulI.'C'. Nu.lI1l.ur l,· .. t"nl,ol·. KC-1J5 that n hlgh"r 'rm lin$( s pe e d bc' \I~,'d. Ind the lanJ\er
1)(

1

' ..

,,.a~t up<~r.\lill In h le<1<1 p<HH11"n rc:(uol!n IInHl WiHl . 61-Z7J. IIU"gollltld ircl'aCr commander

.'1 I'I';CI"

rOR Ol-'r'lC t. IIANOLINn Il

SE ONLY REO lAW A.f'R

1l7H4

,Pt:;CIAJ.

FCr' ,", ~ ,( 51'; ONLY ItA lILa,C, « QUIRE; 0 lAW AFR

127-4

"Ial

he w".,ld

have Hm ite d b ec knway capabilily

due

The r e \Y,\:I all "x~11\6 i.,",: lillm II p:ll:hud inlo a delle nt and exploded olg=lln abOUL 1600 Ie e t above the ground and again on "ollla"llng Lh ground. Bn.h B-o;Z pi lot a eje cted &uecell:i[IlUy. The B-5'! c-adar n vig to r I}J clI:d .ar,d was b-rened 3& he enl:(J;ullored eire" bal: imtnl!d.:II.'lv a['UT e:" '" II, LI Reaney. c.I'r::w (;~~Ol. r'dll\g in tho INs/' over
s e ~. baih:d .:-:l 'h:'Algh Ih,' r ad.rr
II, .-i';.lhH'R

ha'ch,

el~r:t1;d III ;; VIHy low a:I:,·.dc jalll prior to impao::.l of lh co ..kva IU ·lion. ,frid wa k.illed by "Upl't ',nl! ",,~ ,Ippn»)(,nllllt:ly Z5 yards aw.y ( ....-rn t he cuc.kIJil ... ·.. L,OII. TI.e ll-ljZ. I'al.l"l " n14<1Vll ~d tjl'lPdT Ile ,;1.1,1'\ I It! 1:1\" bill I" 11,,"<, c1"pll.Vl,d and he 'I:HJIVed a tnck inj Ty (rom ~i\l\di g HI hi" ,·.. 1. '1'hl' !,,,nnl'r .1'111 EWO OIl till' U.. C;;l dill I. • I!Jt:.1 .ll\d were [.11.,,1\' irlJJ"cd III the. n·.~uh, AI rh r ee pilel.1I II Ihl! B-5l :cSlIt.lt'd ,n tilt' II',. aud . ,',' p t ked up by fishing boars. Bcuh he r ada r l141vig lor and tho n "gull', •.Itled "n sh • .,re. M(lllt of .he wI't>r.:k.lgc 01 110'" airrraJ ill ,If! land;

[!b"

B-5l

navigill

.. r

-

~,,,"r;:1

<1~""[" .•

L,.

rnembe r s o! thl' KC-1J irn pac t , U. lNVES'rlCiATJON ANt) ANAL\'SIS:

a. C·":' NUlldwl' 1::: •• ':.', II •••:U j'.!i .. .!<;h: Ct.,w 11I"1I11otHIl Itl\',lv'cl'll lhitl ccrdcnt we I.l ")Ulld lu I,.. "Irr nl and q·,aJilieci III ",ceoI'd tl\\! vilh ufJiJllc~bJI' Ilirc, Ii .... H. '1'1... Ihlnl ,,11.11, M .. jur MIJllwi,,",'r. o<,cupy;n!; Ihl! pil.,l'. aeut u t lit IlIn,. II,,: '''' .. I"rot, \\,111 1·11-1 '~1I1 .11111'111.lhfll!ct n til(r pUC't, The In'nll" ornrnaude r , (;"pl. in WCI1c1ud, 0 C:upyin tho copilot'. ISO 1 at lhl! Hillu II". al'c'lflll"', \Y,l ,'ur-rC:Il' Otnd quallCl.ed .:1II II. 8-SllnalrucloT pi.lot , Thu i 01. L. R.... noy. w • navrg ato r ' .

oj'

"r

IIrt'.

\\\1"

•• I1J1 "11I,d te\ II....

.adYI.',O./,

It.: ....~ I

I' alt 'caCt ccrnmnmle r, pl.!in ,llIh Illl'llh.trc1m .nl WIn 0\& II. B-:'l ~.)pll.;)t in uPlI Old. u lu "in'rul' q,mmdnd"r II l6 M.\v IUo-1 und 10

l

f.·on

01"1-')

.1) rAW All'lt

Il7 .. ·1

c

, .._

-

1:utruc:tar pilot atatua on 3'" 1 5. Ca]1ta1n Ym40rt" .1..0 ~l.ete4 the B-~ c~:t.ll&kt bstructor Course, a.. tla m, Ct.l.U'al1da. DR&il.e4 l'8l'1ew o~ all. reCltfrdIl re II that he 1& .. yell-q1&l1r1e4 :&-52 pUdt. MaJo:r M6.. flIIU •• atlaJ.ped to the 68th Bc:alIard:Itent "iJIa .. D. a.1rcn1't ~er ill th Ql'1ng of l,961. ~d Yi« ~ hill standard1&&t.1oD reCl'OJ'IiI N"nIIl.I ~t he I Jlnu' obta1ned leu than ~ gna.4ell em all P"Xt1UIIIIII;T or in~t ~t ~hat1cm.s. lle reeeiTed .. 8t&tt qlAu.ncaUa em 2'0 Dsc:.eabv 19&.;, ~ CDILlit10d t;m4e. in all area. incl.D4.f.q a1r~. IfII:r1Jac the ,.r1Od 15 X&rch ~ to II X&T 1965, MaJor Ke.a1JIpr .. Zl'. R.core. cu.! 1II)t ~aa'te that be had been ad2IiIlhtered .. reqal.U1.t1oa m lDll CIt ~ ~ ~e yUh AlM60-1. lIe WI a.li&Dec! all • ~ JI»~ ooatroller all ~lprU 1~, ADd haa rc=IUJ:Ied 1D thill &II~ aUl tM PA~t t1M. 'Dl-e cop1.lot, Ut Lt; Ibm~, 11&8 eurrent ud q_U!1ec!. 1'0 reee.1n4 to ~ p~ rtc1enc;y e'Yal,UlLt1011on 15 SepteJlber 1965 cd a tonal J.utnaezrt nahatloD an 30 September 1965. The nu!ar cartptor, Cqt !\acbDa, •• current IIZI4 1[IBlitied. Ie reee1Ted Do ftmaal emluaUon on 18 October 196s. 'nie lonllt psde obtained _II ql&l1t1ed. 'Dle narlsltor, lilt Lt Jbltau, .. c\U'l'St D4 tlllol1.tied. Ie rueJ ..ed a t'oDal evahiatioD OIl 10 , 1965. ~. elect'ftlll.1u,.Ttare o:tt1cer, lat Lt Gl.ea"r, cn.&rreDt Cld qall.t1ec!. X. NCe1Te4 a fo~ rnU.\&tJ.OIl O'D 10 ~ 1965. 'lhe gunner, '.I'S«t Snyder, ".. C!1D'reJlt &lid q\l&llt1e4. Xe ~edTlld .. tona1 eY8llation OIl 11 DeC!eillber 1965.

_8

x..r

b. Crev lI\p,ber J-04, ltC-135A l61-ro: Priarr crew .aber. lnw1nd 1Jl .. th.l. accident ""re l:Urt'eot 8Jtd ql&l1!Jed 1Jl acc01'c!lmee Y1tb ~t 4U'Ict1YeB. !1he &1rerat't cam..nder, Major Chapla, rece1Ted • fbnal ~t &ad 'Prot1c1uQ evaluation CD 16 JUDe 1965. U. 1n1tSAl1uUetor pilDt ,\&lineation ..,alust1on tUgbt MaS ad!l1n1atere4 15 JU\&l7 l~. ~ardl reflect no ftgdardUatlon evaluat10n t1t.11ure.. 'nle C!op1lDt I o.pta1a laM, _I II\\rl'elIt e.ud qtall1'1ed. Ko ltU tonall3' e"f&hlate4 em 2T October~. ~e 1I&'rl..tor I 0.1>taJ.n as..ona, recaIftd 8A 1natNCtor-nanptor ~1e1_a:r ...al_U,OD 20 Dad_ber 1965. Jre re~l1'1!d .. ~o or "UlIIl'\&lJ..t1ed" ill ~1aD !'fIZ N1ure to croaa-c:heclll-1 CQIIIlIl811 beading -.,inn the J-~ DIPIn Ifte1' a tlLnI.. RaccalDI!l1ded correct 1ft actIon cOlls1et1na of two houn of 1IQIIar'r1.ad atw21 of ~J' U14 8teeriJlS p~"d\l.r ... and one grid zIIn1pUoa t~t tG be tloft \ID4el' the 1\IP8rr111on of an inlStnu:to1" DArtgator, "ftrIJ oa.plAte4 5 ~eS 11 .rall1l&l"7 1966. respec:tlftl,y. The 1l\1'llgbt recheck, Y1th a 1IU'pIal" dIItw crrt 20 hbruuy 1966, had JIO't been ada1.n1.terod. 'nil! bOCDope~tor, MBIt PtrtoU~C!h1o, ,._14 • ratlJls burtl"\lC'ilor boca dpe~tor. Xo _II C'\llT'IDIt loDeS ~al1f1ed, bart.ns bee ~~

n.

evaluated on 16 Juno 1965.

or

'

SPECIAL

FOR O~ "LANOLI~UIRED

USE ONLY LAW AFR

lZ.1:4

vich.al e xce iHioll. both a general and pt-e-takeQ(( briefing rendered by respectivo bomber and tanker stalL o{fice~s. Major Massinger. the B-5~ pilot in the lett seat at the time or the a cui d ent , dllJ not attend the general briefing with the cr w. Thi. o(flcer w ~ g,ven a gcnllr:!1 IHhding by hi supe rv iuc r , the will~ curnrn and post lIenior controller. The 8-5l and KC-13S 3lCcraCt command rio were instruct r pllotll iI) lheir r e i pe u ve aircraft anti h d flown L'W mission on at least one pr"vious O •• c:lt'lon. R",,:ew I.r ml s sl on pack gl: wall conductcel by alCccll:d sHICI olCltcl' and (X,rlaon \)C the el pertinent to this reporl arc included .15 alt. c hrn e nt •

KC-US
I £,OOZ/Z4 Dec 65

0900Z/15

J In 66

I

S'ECIAL

J'OR OIPI(t[AL~ ONLY 1tAlfI1i..TJ!O ~ un£D tAW tim

l..27-4

rrr.
1. p~

FIlfDI1IGS:

Cause. Supervloory error in that the 1nstru.ctnr pilot {e.1rcn>tt occupying the copUot's poeU;1on, 1'a.1J.ed to take lI.eCe66(l,Q" .etlan to prevent undcrrun and tlubeeq\lent collision with the tanker.
COICIIIIUIder;

2.

Contributing

Cause PacUJro.

a. Pilot enol" J.Jl that the pUot of the B-52 (1'!1't sea ), '\!bile e.ttempt~ to ICve into the ret"llellllg position, rule4 to lIIlI1ntarn 8\tt't1d~ 6~t1on betveen the two a1rcre.!t to aTOid COl11a10D and Ilubllequmt bre.up and c.rn.t.h or botb aircl"Ilft. b. Crev t&ctor. A hreakavay or tanker) 1&en it became apparent e.x1sted.
C\111.8

that

nat called by a baurdou8

\lll4elT\UlJ1J.na

any'

c:rev.eJlber

ccmd1Uon

(balabe.r

in that the IP/a1:r1:n.:tt commander of' the 11-52 penI1tted a utatr-qual.11'1ed pilot to occupy" primary erev poSition and allowed hila to attmspt the second all' T fUel10g 00 ChrClllCDome sortle.

Y1Dla.1:ipn

or

SAC O?CRD 23-66, annex

»,

puge 4, pare-«n:pb

4«(9)

d. Superneory t'ac1;l)r in that e\lffle1ent eII}oIhAa1ens n.at placed em tbe importance of ccmpllance v1tb the "striations ot BA.C OPO}(I)g)-66 au pert • .t.lIG to pr1lllaJy erev JICIIIb'!ro or:"l.IP11nt. the "eats ~1DB cr1t1~ pb~:, CJ~ fllabt.

oJ

3.

Additional

l"1pd!Mo

Ccmtributlna

to

the AeeideJ!,t.

a. pilot o~ the receiver a1Tcra.1't a~tl.r thought adeq'llate st!pe.Tation i'lOIII the tanker vae bcl"8 lIIIIinta1ned ~en be oba'lln1ld the a.l.t:1Jll.etereadJJ:!g 225' belov the tanker I G re1\telJ.~ altitude r and 'T\lrt1eaJ. velOCity 1nd1c.ator 11Id1cat1na a 300' pel' lI1n\lte rate or descent.

nse

4.

Ad4itl C!n4l. F1n4,1.ngs Not Co[ltrlbut1r1B, to the Alrc1dent. rl..1~t Man\lal

a. 'nIe tel. "oVtlrl'UJUl1I14" 10 uueet 11\ the Re1lael.1tls dellcribe both overrunning and underl'\.UU11ng .anCUTt:rII.

to
I

b. Arter 1'he craM at the t'ojO a.1r<:ratt, tJ\o cell leadera el.eeted to C!ODt1mze TII1'UeUns :rather than J.mmed1ate~ ret\U'D to the eraab lite. T.O. l-lC-l-J doeo not t'UlJy exp in what action 1tI0\Il4 be taken 'On~ OU'e tlDllter rcma.1n81i.u the i'omat1on.

.1:11

c. 'lh~ cu:cldcnt c1eruoped v1th .uch !Speed that the ltC-135 ('~" "lIS not able to cf ec:t agreeD !'rail the'ir tL:1rera.t't v1th the uca'Pe h.c1l1t1eD prov1dea 011th t aiTcra.!'t.
d. &wral ere" members ab<....." til...J~52 YeN! not CGIIPletc~ tmUllit.l' with thei7equ.1pnent and tbe ejection Il~ts ad h&d not been properly "rain-t! In hI! nee of parnc)urtea and eun1val. SeAr.

pCJonlll.

5. Md.1t1oM lkI rtt F1nd1:n e , fill TCtif16 .c:a'oeTa of ~e M:rcl'a!'t Ace1dent a,nr wrl' 1n lltD\llctc 11l\r6~\lnt thflt lIubllLbed d1rec:t1nc Ii.fiPllc:e.lIle to bo niSht ~e ere bxvU6ht out in tJlh acoident Wl'1"O udl'quate At. Jl _ tate or the ac:ddt'nt. It such dbect1n8 had been followll hl C1J,l P roonnel 1nY01Y~, this Maldent ~uld nat h.vo OI'C%\Il'n!d.

t
'FORmnCIAL
SPECIAL KAKtlLlliG

USE

REQmm:D :tAW A7R

am.r

127-4

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