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Optional Geography 6 Human Geography

Optional Geography 6 Human Geography

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Published by: ABID H on Jun 13, 2011
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12/18/2012

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On an aveage, India receives about 118cm of rainfall, which is an important

source of moisture supply to theplants and surface run-off. A large proportion of

the water resources of India is located in those regins which lie in the zone having

a mean annual rainfall of 100cm. Rainfall is also the major source of the recharge

of underground aquifers. The underground aquifers are generally brackish in the

regions with scanty rainfall. For example, there are a number of areas in western

Rajasthan where the water from wells is very brackish and which cannot be used

even for irrigation.

The rainfall pattern shows great spatial and temporal variation. Over the

Khasi hills in Meghalaya, rainfall may reach 1100 cm in one year, while inparts

ofwestern Rajasthan, it may be less than 10cm in one year. About 80% of the

rainfall received in India comes during the four-month monsoon period from June

to October. The total rainfall on the Indian Territory is estimated to be about 3,

700, 4000 million cubic metres (168 million hectare metres). Of this quantity,

abour one-third is lost due to evaporation, about 22% is lost through seepage and

the rest runs off into the river systems. The total volume of run-off is about

1,645,000 million cubic metres or 76 million hectare metres, representing abour

Dream Dare Win

www.jeywin.com

Dream Dare Win

Courtesy : Saidai Manithaneyam

www.jeywin.com

117

44% of total rainfall. Of the water that seeps into the ground, only about 333,500

million cubic metres (16 million hectare metres) recharges the groundwater.

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