RIZAL AND HIS CHILDHOOD YEARS IN CALAMBA

Yap, Apple Joyce Soliman, Stacey Samantha Balingit, Patricia Mae

Jose was born on June 19. During his delivery. In this picturesque town filled with different crops to harvest was born a young boy named Jose. specializing in the production of sugar. Calamba was an agricultural town.JOSE RIZAL C alamba is an enchanted town enclosed in a valley between Laguna de Bay and Mt. 1861. with green landscapes and scenic views. with Father Pedro Casanas as his godfather. Three days after his birth. and practically owned by the Dominican friars. his mother nearly died because of his very big head. . Jose was baptized at the Calamba Catholic Church by Father Rufino Collantes. Tenants were given had a hard time then. Makiling.

they moved to Binan where they had a son. Paciano. Concepcion (1862). Narcisa (1852). There were Saturnina (1850).RIZAL FAMILY J ose was the seventh child in the family of 11 children of Don Francisco and Dona Teodora. Jose·s ancestry was very diverse. He became a gobernadorcillo of Binan and married a Chinese Filipina mestiza. Josefa (1865). Lucia (1857). They had 14 children. Ines dela Rosa. Jose (1861). His great grandfather was a Chinese merchant named Domingo Lamco who married a Chinese mestiza. Juan Mercado. (1851). . Olimpia (1855). Trinidad (1868) and Soledad (1870). From Manila. They changed their name to Mercado. Maria (1859). Cirila Alejandrina. one of whom was Jose·s father Don Francisco.

One of their daughters. Truly. Brigida married Lorenzo Alberto Alonso. The family also had a thriving business in rice and sugar. owned a carriage and horses. . at that time. a Filipina with Japanese ancestry. Teodora. They valued education. They lived a life of affluence and comfort. Jose·s family was typically middle class at that time. He married Regina Ursua. considered higher in status than most of the Filipinos. who became Jose·s mother.Jose·s great grandfather on his mother·s side was Manuel de Quintos a Chinese mestizo from Lingayen. their family was. and had a daughter. lived in a house of adobe and hardwood. symbols of wealth and respectability then. even personal servants and private home tutoring. a vast home library. They were even able to send the children for further education in Manila.

She completed her studies in Colegio de Santa Rosa. Jose described him as a model father because of his honesty. From Francisco. a woman of more than average education. a prestigious college for girls.DON FRANCISCO DONA TEODORA Don Francisco Mercado was an educated man. Jose inherited a practical temperament. self-respect. culture and religion. poise. . and seriousness. He became a tenant at the Dominican hacienda in Calamba. self-sacrifice. He took courses at the Colegio de San Jose. stoicism. frugality and industry. and a sacrificing and industrious housewife. Jose described her as a disciplinarian. Jose inherited a sense of dignity. From her. and fondness for poetry. Dona Teodora Alonso was also educated. temperament of a dreamer. serenity.

Because of this garden. and if the incidents in Calamba also happened across the Bay. as Concha taught him the importance of sisterly love. Frequent visits from Father Leoncio Lopez further strengthened his religion. noting every detail of what he saw. and was given special care by his parents due to his poor health. Jose was a very observant young boy. When Jose was four. died. Concepcion. whom Jose calls Concha. he had a fondness for nature. He would sit out on the shore of Laguna de Bay.CHILDHOOD MEMORIES FIRST SORROW J ose had a happy and comfortable childhood in Calamba. exchanging stories in the family garden. . In Calamba. The observations he made in his early years strongly shaped his political and social ideas. scholarship and intellectual honesty. thinking of what was beyond the waves. he already knew how to read the Bible. These stories made the young boy interested in legends and folklores. Jose was able to witness the acts of cruelty and violence that the Guardia Civil did on his fellow Filipinos. Jose deeply treasured the times when his personal servant would tell him stories and legends in the azotea after the prayer. Rizal was a religious young boy because of his mother. Family activities included praying the Angelus together daily. At the age of three. It was the first time that he cried.

had once been tempted bu it. the moth died in search of the beautiful light. dazzled by the flame. At first she only felt pleasantly warm. For young Jose. this encouraged her and she flew closer and closer until at last. any old dwarf a giant. he died in search of truth. but was soon asking herself: ´Now why should by mother try to give me such a scare? Why should I close my eyes to such a pretty sight? These old people are such cowards! They think every fly an elephant. He knew that the moth was a victim but he realized the sweetness in dying for it.µ No sooner said than done. fell and perished in it. She herself. What harm can it do me. she had barely escaped with half-burnt wings. an old moth had warned her daughter against the flame. It is very much like Jose·s would-be life. and the silly little moth went fluttering round the flame.THE MOTH AND THE FLAME One of the fables his mother told him was of The Moth and the Flame: Once upon a time. a little silly? What a story I shall have for all the other girls if I. being very careful of course. . Just like the moth. so invitingm yet fatal and deceitful for it destroyed whoever came too close. so long as I am careful? What am I. The frightened young moth promised to obey. Because of the story of the moth. freedom and justice. whatever she says. said. Jose realized that one has to sacrifice and suffer the consequence of one·s action for the attainment of a goal. so beautiful. if I come near the flame. take a closer look.

A self-portrait of Jose. He showed that love for the national language with the desire for freedom. drawn later on in his life. He called upon his fellow youth to love their native tongue. entitled Sa Aking Kababata or To My Fellow Children. Jose already had a concept of nationalism. he was able to master the alphabet and showed great interested in reading. He also had a knack for sketching. This shows that at an early age. with his mother (his reading teacher and critic) in the family library. depicting his knack for sketching. sculpture and literature. At age three. . painting. Rizal wrote his first poem at age eight. because of the beauty of Calamba and his admiration for his mother.EARLY DEMONSTRATION OF TALENTS J ose was clearly a smart young boy.

. Upon helping to fix the marriage of her uncle. Jose was able to witness the cruelties that the Filipinos suffered from the Guardia Civil and spent a lot of time thinking why people had to undergo them. Jose was woken up to the injustice of the Spanish regime. Because of this event. The family attempted to get her released. Upon the unjust arrest and incarceration of his mother in 1871. She was made to walk 50 km from Calamba to Santa Cruz.FIRST TASTE OF INJUSTICE A s a young boy. as most of Dona Teodora·s arrestors were frequent visitors at home. but it was only when the graceful dancing of Soledad charmed the governor-general was Dona Teodora freed from prison. and was jailed for 2 and a half years. Dona Teodora was accused of trying to poison her uncle·s wife. and lost confidence in friendship and trust of his fellowmen. Jose acquired a hatred for the Spanish regime.

later inspired Jose to seek for the oppressed Filipinos.Jose was 11 when his brother Paciano narrated to him the injustice suffered by the three Filipino priests. GOMBURZA . This event redemption not for this member of Philippines.60). and write an emphatic and heartfelt dedication to the three priests (p. particularly Father Burgos. his teacher at Colegio de San Jose. If event. Jose would have been a the Society of Jesuits in the Jose would go on to write El Filibusterismo later.

His first private tutor was Maestro Celestino. then to university for a college degree. Jose. First came the privat tutors. did not understand the needs and aspirations of the common Filipino. she hired private tutors that taught him at home. and finally. Dona Teodora. then Maestro Lucas Padua. At an early age. He grew up detached from the masses. His training as an illustrado explains why Jose did not have any real consciousness of the magnitude of the suffering that people went through. completing his .PREPARATION FOR FORMAL SCHOOLING studies in Europe. Later. and so. prayers and poetry. then a private secondary school. was his first teacher. just like other principalia children. writing. She encouraged young Jose to write verses. and rudiments of Latin. Jose showed a knack of learning the alphabet. His third tutor was Leon Monroy who further honed his skill in reading. was trained to become a middle-class illustrado. Jose·s mother.