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Poetic Devices

Poetic Devices

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Published by Jovana Ivanovic

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Published by: Jovana Ivanovic on Jun 13, 2011
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POETIC DEVICES

Alliteration: A poetic device where more than 2 words in the poem, close to each other, begin with the same sound Ex: an aching, aging antelope Silly, circus, sloths

Simile: A comparison of the two things using the words "like" or "as" Ex: His hands flapped like wild birds

Metaphor: A comparison of 2 things using a direct statement Ex: an aged man is but a paltry thing, a tattered coat upon a stick

Personification: To give humans characteristics to non-living things or animals Ex: Ten thousand daffodils I saw at a single glance, tossing their heads in a sprightly dance

Onomatopoeia: An imitation of sound; where the words sound like what they mean Ex: hiss, sizzle

Oxymoron: The joining of 2 opposite or contradictory words in a single phrase Ex: sweet pain, cruel kindness

Symbolism: Using an object that stands for or represents something more than itself Ex: dove, representing love

place. or an eye Imagery: The use of sensory details to create a mental picture or image Ex: Continuous as the stars that shine/ And twinkle on the milky way/ They stretched in never-ending line/ Along the margin of a bay Assonance: A similarity of vowel sounds when read aloud Ex: In silence deep the legions stream Consonance: Repetition of consonant sounds when read aloud Ex: A springful of larks in a rolling cloud TYPES OF POETRY Sonnet: a poem consisting of 14 lines ( iambic pentameter) with a particular rhyming scheme Free verse: An irregular form of poetry in which there is no identifiable pattern or rhyming scheme Ode: an ode is a type of lyric poetry. praising and glorifying a person. like a marble. sometimes presented as a song. or thing Ex: An ode to Dreamers Blank Verse: A poetic style. which uses iambic pentameter (natural speech . feeling like three thousand pounds Juxtaposition: The combination of two or more words that do not normally have an obvious connection with each other Ex: "Today I am a small blue thing.Hyperbole: The use of exaggerated words to create a strong effect Ex: So full.

rhythm) Concrete Poetry: Poetry that visually conveys the poet's meaning through the graphic arrangement of letters. words. or symbols on the page Ex: "Gemini" TYPES OF RHYME Single or Masculine rhyme: A similarity of sound in one syllable Ex: There was a young fellow named Hall. glorious Eye rhyme: The words look like they should rhyme. who fell in the spring of the fall Feminine rhyme: When two syllable rhyme Ex: A truth that·s told with bad intent beats all the lies you can invent Triple rhyme: When three syllables are similar in sound Ex: victorious. stood/blood Internal rhyme: When there is a rhyme within the verse itself rather than at the end of the line Ex: Ina mist or cloud. on mast or shroud . but they don't Ex: have/gave.

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