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M. F. Husain

M. F. Husain

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Published by: Jeff O'Connell on Jun 14, 2011
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M. F.



M. F. Husain
M.F. Husain

MF Husain at Museum of Islamic Art, Doha Birth name Maqbool Fida Husain Born Died 17 September 1915Pandharpur, Bombay Presidency, British India 9 June 2011 (aged 95)London, England, United Kingdom

Nationality Indian; Qatari[1] Field Training Movement Works Awards Painting, Drawing, Writer Sir J. J. School of Art Progressive Art Group Mother India; illustrations to Ramayana, Mahabarata Padma Shri Padma Bhushan Padma Vibhushan http:/ / www. mfhussain. com/


Maqbool Fida Husain (17 September 1915 – 9 June 2011) popularly known as MF, was a prominent Indian painter. According to Forbes magazine, he has been called the "Picasso of India".[2] Husain was associated with Indian modernism in the 1940s. After a long career, in 1996, when Husain was 81 years old, controversy arose over paintings originally created in the 1970s which were interpreted as anti-Hindu. After legal cases and death threats in his home country, he was on a self imposed exile from 2006. In January, 2010, he was offered the citizenship of Qatar, which he accepted. He died in London in June 2011.

Husain first became well-known as an artist in the late 1940s. In 1947, he joined the Progressive Artists' Group, founded by Francis Newton Souza. This was a clique of young artists who wished to break with the nationalist traditions established by the Bengal school of art and to encourage an Indian avant-garde, engaged at an international level. In 1952, his first solo exhibition was held at Zürich and over the next few years, his work was widely seen in Europe and the U.S. In 1955, he was awarded the prestigious Padma Shri award by the Government of India.[3]

Massachusetts) showed a solo exhibition from 4 November 2006 to 3 June 2007.F. ". The film was intended as a tribute to Ms.[5] He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1973 and was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1986.[14] Controversies In the 1990s some of Husain's works became controversial because of their portrayal of Hindu deities in the nude or in an allegedly sexual manner.[5] He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1991. setting a world record at Christie's South Asian Modern and Contemporary Art sale. Husain was a special invitee along with Pablo Picasso at the Sao Paulo Biennial in 1971. England. [12] issued by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center [13] in Amman. 1990-2011 Husain went on to become the highest paid painter in India.[21] [22] The artist left the country stating that "matters are so . eight criminal complaints were filed against Husain.[20] A series of cases were brought against him and a court case related to the alleged obscene depiction of Hindu goddesses in his paintings resulted in issuing a non-bailable warrant against Husain after he failed to respond to summons. Jordan. Twenty-six Bajrang Dal activists were arrested by the police. staying away from India. a rebel. fetched $1. Sabarimala spokesperson. F. Delhi High Court dismissed these complaints of "promoting enmity between different groups . he made his first film. and musical euphoria. that was later compromised by Hindu's.[11] His name was included in the list of the 500 Most Influential Muslims in the World.[16] [17] [18] In 1998 Husain's house was attacked by Hindu groups like Bajrang Dal and art works were vandalised. There were also reportedly death threats. went to Kerala High Court and it granted an interim order to stay the granting of the award until the petition had been disposed of. including Gaja Gamini (with his muse Madhuri Dixit who was the subject of a series of his paintings which he signed Fida).. Husain was charged with hurting sentiments of people because of his nude portraits of Hindu gods and goddesses. In 2004. by painting Hindu goddesses — Durga and Sarswati. His autobiography is being made into a movie tentatively titled The Making of the Painter. It exhibited Husain’s paintings inspired by the Hindu epic. starring Shreyas Talpade as the young Husain.[4] [5] M. but expressing a strong desire to return. the Mona Lisa. For the last years of his life he lived in Dubai and London. The leadership of Shiv Sena endorsed the attack. His single canvases have fetched up to $2 million at a recent Christie's auction..[6] He has also worked (produced & directed) on few movies. In February 2006. which published them in an article headlined "M. despite fears of arrest. In response.[7] In this film she can be seen portraying various forms and manifestations of womanhood including the muse of Kalidasa.6 million. Through the Eyes of a Painter. F.[9] The announcement led to controversy in Kerala and some cultural organisations campaigned against the granting of the award and petitioned the Kerala courts. Dixit herself.M. Husain's Battle of Ganga and Jamuna: Mahabharata 12.[10] In early 2008. Rahul Easwar. Mahabharata.[8] The Peabody Essex Museum (PEM) (USA. Husain: A Painter or Butcher".[15] The paintings in question were created in 1970. from the Hindu epic. a large diptych. Husain 2 1965-1990 In 1967. when they were printed in Vichar Mimansa. but did not become an issue until 1996. a Hindi monthly magazine.[19] Protests against Husain also led to the closure of an exhibition in London. It was shown at the Berlin Film Festival and won a Golden Bear. He went on to make Meenaxi: A Tale of Three Cities (with Tabu). At the age of 92 Husain was to be given the prestigious Raja Ravi Varma award by the government of Kerala.

Following the wave of protests the enraged artist pulled off his movie from the theaters. Satish Gujral went on record to ask Husain whether he will be bold enough to treat icons of Islam in the same manner. F. As a result. Anybody and everybody can file a case against us now. however.M.[33] “ “ Nothing is bad in being creative but the artists should not go for such artwork. 2006 issue. All-India Muslim Council. The movie was well received by the critics.[33] [34] As long as such a law exists in the statutes.[25] [26] The painting later appeared on Husain's official website. Raina and a host of other artistes. India Today. Krishan Khanna.[31] However Gujral says he deeply regrets the way Husain was treated and forced into an exile because of what he terms "the mob culture". stated that "It's not just Husain's but the entire artist community's lives which are at stake. Husain's son stated that the words were a phrase referring to divine beauty that were being sung by the central character played by Tabu. art critics and art gallery owners. Raza Academy. one of Husain's contemporaries. K.[32] According to a senior Hindu artist and former President. Gopal Adivrekar. who supported the petition. include filmmaker Saeed Mirza. nobody can be faulted for approaching the courts against Hussain's objectionable paintings.[23] 3 Mother India In the February 6. ” ” Writing in The Pioneer. theatre personality M. it praised Husain because his "life and . In response to the controversy. Tripathi asserts that. which may hurt the sentiments of a segment of the society. Others who have expressed anger at the "vicious campaigns" against Husain.[24] Organizations like Hindu Jagruti Samiti and Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) have protested persistently against Husain displaying the painting on the websites and even in exhibitions in north Europe. The council was supported by Muslim organisations like the Milli Council. it adds to India's disgrace.[28] The All-India Ulema Council complained that the Qawwali song Noor-un-Ala-Noor was blasphemous. This does not do India proud. According to Shashi Tharoor. 2006 Husain apologised and promised to withdraw the painting from an auction. Anyone can infringe upon our lives". and went on to win various awards. on February 7. India's highest award. social activist Nafisa Ali. Husain's admirers petitioned the government to grant Husain the Bharat Ratna. It argued that the song contained words directly taken from the Quran. Bombay Art Society. writing in the International Herald Tribune. Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Hind and Jamat-e-Islami. ” Other Indian artists expressed criticism. What's more shameful is that a government that claims to be the secular alternative to Hindu nationalists is threatening to prosecute Husain. nor can the judiciary be pilloried for ordering action against the artist for his persistent and deliberate refusal to appear before the court. Husain legally complicated that I have been advised not to return home". This advertisement contains a painting of Bharatmata (Mother India) as a nude woman posed across a map of India with the names of Indian States on various parts of her body. Meenaxi: A Tale of Three Cities Husain's film Meenaxi: A Tale of Three Cities[27] was pulled out of movie theatres a day after some Muslim organisations raised objections to one of the songs in it. a national English weekly published an advertisement titled "Art For Mission Kashmir". Chandan Mitra wrote. notes that Hindu goddesses have regularly been portrayed in the nude by Hindu artists.[30] “ It is hypocritical to place curbs on Husain's artistic freedom. The exhibition was organised by Nafisa Ali of Action India (NGO) and Apparao Art Gallery. Supporters and critics The artistic community was supportive[29] as well as critical. Salil Tripathi. He said there was no intention to offend.

F. hindujagruti. a wonderful human being and a very good friend". 2007 . 1998 (http:/ / www. 10 :: May 9 .22. jo/ docs/ 0A-FullVersion-LowRes. 1996 (http:/ / www. "The 500 Most Influential Muslims" (http:/ / www. htm) . asp?artistid=4) [6] (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 2006/ feb/ 07nude. CNN-IBN.[38] India's Prime Minister. hindu.[37] He died at the Royal Brompton Hospital in London. Husain paintings.URL retrieved August 22. rediff. htm) . Husain (http:/ / www. org/ activities/ campaigns/ national/ mfhussain-campaign/ hussain_verdict. htm) [11] ibnlive. asp?NewsID=1095086) [15] Protest against M. indiafm. com/ 2007/ 05/ 09/ int8. com/ artistbiography.URL retrieved March 5.09:00 IST (http:/ / www. art work at Palette Art Gallery. iht. 2007 [19] Frontline. santabanta. asp?filename=Va062406vanityfair. com/ fline/ fl1510/ 15100210. archive. aspx?id=c9b9d89a-8d70-4536-a113-fbd39b839ec2& & Headline=MF+ Hussain+ selected+ for+ Raja+ Ravi+ Varma+ award) [10] The Hindu.M. forbes. hinduonnet."[39] The actress Shabana Azmi called him an "iconoclastic painter. 2006 [5] M. dnaindia. Forbes Magazine.URL retrieved August 22. Retrieved 2011-01-03. com/ wallpapers/ biographyasp?catid=404). hindujagruti. php) [17] The Hindu online edition: Delhi High Court dismisses complaints against M. com/ m_f_husain. F. html) [12] The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.com" (http:/ / web. This is the opportune and crucial time to honour him for his dedication and courage to the cultural renaissance of his beloved country. Retrieved 12 December 2006. htm) [24] Naked Mother India Painting (http:/ / www. com/ india/ M-F-Husain-given-Qatar-nationality/ articleshow/ 5614470. indiatimes. Husain's Derogatory Paintings (http:/ / www. 15 :: No. Husain (http:/ / www. com/ artistbiography. php) . masterstroke-husain-painting-fetches-16-mn (http:/ / www. tehelka. rissc. ibnlive. com/ wallpapers/ biographyasp?catid=404) on 13 October 2007.[40] Talking about his self-imposed exile and death outside of India painter Akbar Padamsee said that it was a "pity that a painter as important as Husain had to die outside his own country because of a crowd of miscreants". com/ storypage/ storypage.F. html) [3] palette art gallery: biography of Husain (http:/ / www. Retrieved 25 February 2010. com/ news/ 2008/ mar/ 21mf. 2006 . html) [22] India's Supreme Court suspends arrest warrant for artist M. Husain" (http:/ / www. jo/ [14] Police attach MF Husain's property in Mumbai (http:/ / www. Counterfeit artist (http:/ / www. hindustantimes."[35] On his part Husain stated that Hindu leaders have not spoken a word against his paintings. dawn. August 22. and they should have been the first ones to have raised their voice. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ lead5. com/ report. [2] The Picasso of India. paletteartgallery. Husain at 20th Century Museum of Contemporary Indian Art web site (http:/ / www. and India's President Pratibha Patil said his death "left a void in the world of art. [13] http:/ / www. rissc. 2006 [21] Fundamentalists strike again on Indian contemporary art. asp?artistid=4) [4] Profile of M. India (http:/ / www. pdf) (PDF). com/ story_main18.[36] 4 Death M F Husain died aged 95 on 9 June 2011 after being unwell for several months. org/ activities/ campaigns/ national/ mfhussain-campaign/ paintings. htm) . com/ news/ masterstroke-husain-painting-fetches-16-mn/ 61692-19. (http:/ / members. Vol. F. The work of the muse. cms). com/ 2004/ 04/ 09/ stories/ 2004040904231400.URL retrieved August 22. htm) [20] Rediff India Abroad: M F Husain booked for his paintings of nude gods (http:/ / ia. com/ features/ 2006/ 08/ 22/ 1460/ index. asp) [9] MF Hussain selected for Raja Ravi Varma award (http:/ / www. php) [23] Hussain’s property: SC issues stay order (http:/ / www. org/ hussaincampaign/ painting.[41] References [1] "M F Husain given Qatar nationality" (http:/ / timesofindia. hinduonnet.URL accessed on March 5. . hindujagruti. 2006 [18] Full text of the Delhi High Court Verdict in Hussain's Case. com/ forbes/ 2005/ 1226/ 128sidebar. pdf) . htm) [7] "santabanta. . F. paletteartgallery. org/ activities/ campaigns/ national/ mfhussain-campaign/ intro.F. The 2006 Collectors Guide. com/ articles/ ap/ 2007/ 05/ 08/ arts/ AS-A-E-ART-India-People-MF-Husain.F. . com/ 2007/ 09/ 14/ stories/ 2007091460170400. org/ web/ 20071013082710/ http:/ / santabanta. sanatan. Husain work are beginning to serve as an allegory for the changing modalities of the secular in modern India — and the challenges that the narrative of the nation holds for many of us. "High Court restraint on award for M. (http:/ / mattersofart. Manmohan Singh said his death was a "national loss". Husain: M. F. php#1) [16] (http:/ / www. [8] IndiaFM News Bureau. contemporaryindianart. and is due to be buried in the city on 10 June 2011. rediff. html). The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.

indianexpress. uk/ news/ world-south-asia-13708844). 5 External links • Husain's website (http://www. BBC. bbc. php). asp?cu_no=2& item_no=365512& version=1& template_id=57& parent_id=56) [37] "India's most highly prized artist MF Husain dies aged 95" (http:/ / www.M. com/ site/ topics/ article. tribuneindia. . indianexpress. 2006 (http:/ / www. NDTV. html) [30] Salil Tripathi. com/ mag/ 2006/ 11/ 26/ stories/ 2006112600090300.URL retrieved November 26. com/ article/ india/ artist-and-legend-mf-husain-dies-in-london-reports-111118).The Tribune [29] Artists rally behind a beleaguered Hussain (http:/ / archive. 9 June 2011. dailypioneer. com/ catFull. '''com/ articleshow/ 1405262. com/ articles/ 2006/ 05/ 29/ opinion/ edtripathi. The Hindu.Times of India Story Accessed on March 5. India Express. asp?id=354472) . indiatimes.com/) . International Herald Tribune.) [33] Husain's painting. 2007 [27] M. dies in exile" (http:/ / www. hindustantimes. . htm). co. 2006 [26] HJS lodges FIR against Nafisa Ali for selling Hussain's art (http:/ / www. F. imdb. independent. May 31. iht. hindu. com/ articles/ 07/ 05/ 10/ 10124210. [38] "MF Husain dies – lauded in exile by India’s artistic fraternity" (http:/ / blogs. [40] "Prominent Indian artist MF Hussain dies" (http:/ / english. gulfnews. com/ story/ 293365-3. 2006 [36] News Article. gulf-times. aljazeera. Gulf Times. The Independent. Hindustan Times [32] The Indian Express (http:/ / www. html). com/ 2004/ 20040417/ nation. txt& writer=mitra) [35] The Shashi Tharoor Column. [41] "M F Husain.Outlook Story. 9 June 2011. outlookindia. 2010 (http:/ / www. merinews. Al Jazeera. Retrieved 9 June 2011.mfhussain. Accessed on March 5. com/ name/ nm0403967/ ) at the Internet Movie Database [28] Husain pulls Meenaxi out of theatres (http:/ / www. Retrieved 9 June 2011. co. 2006] [31] A brush with genius (http:/ / www. . [39] "Artist and legend MF Husain dies in London" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 9 June 2011. Husain [25] MF Hussain apologises for obscene paintings (http:/ / timesofindia. ndtv. com/ pti_news. net/ news/ asia/ 2011/ 06/ 201169104654633361. uk/ 2011/ 06/ 09/ mf-husain-dies-–-lauded-in-exile-by-india’s-artistic-fraternity/ ). com/ news/ m-f-husain-the-great-indian-artist-dies-in-exile/ 801595/ ). com/ StoryPage/ StoryPage. aspx?id=6d5f40c7-7033-4eca-9434-d4b27b29313c& ParentID=a72f998f-0098-446f-889a-8e2c3bc183ab& & Headline=A+ brush+ with+ genius). cms) . Husain (http:/ / www. . com/ columnist1. F. 9 June 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2011. November 26. June 2. 9 June 2011. jsp?articleID=125020) [34] Art for God's sake (http:/ / www. html. asp?main_variable=Columnist& file_name=mitra/ mitra250. htm#8) . controversy refuses to die (http:/ / www. Retrieved 9 June 2011. The Great Indian Artist. 9 June 2011. Meanwhile: The right to be offended (http:/ / www. .

Mar4d. Wchougle. Husain  Source: http://en. Versus22. అహ్మద్ నిసార్. WWGB. William Ortiz. White Shadows. ESkog. Tukahan. Túrelio. Licenses and Contributors File:MFHussain. Sohailstyle.abbas. Fieldday-sunday. Xp54321. Anwar saadat. 320 anonymous edits Image Sources. John of Reading.php?title=File:MFHussain. Renamed user 551. IndianGeneralist. Yuckfoo. Ekabhishek.ahmed. Sherenk. Skier Dude. Mks86.rampal. F. Bender235. Tserengthapa. Yogesh Khandke. Emmanzur. Tide rolls. Kevin. Gaius Cornelius. Rjogh. Kkm010. Vividmind. Joshygeorge. Unarayanadas.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Ayaz360 (talk) License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Saki. Tabletop. Korg. Max1831. Hrh80. Ground Zero. Mattgirling. Redtigerxyz. George The Dragon. Favonian. Salih. Abhishek727.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Shyamsunder. Rajvaddhan. 0/ .wikipedia. Rjwilmsi.jose. Tri400. Arshan. Gurubrahma. Riggedfallacy.Article Sources and Contributors 6 Article Sources and Contributors M. Paul Barlow. Sfacets. Geeree. Martinp23. Wantadvicedontaskme. KnowledgeHegemonyPart2. Bhadani. Hindushastri. Udaykanwar2292. Linguisticgeek. Anythingforart. Pras. Megan1967. Viswanath Vellaiappan. Boing! said Zebedee. Ichatt4957. Rickjpelleg. Dvipa. Skoosh. Rajeshroshan. Arfaz. Hemanshu. Gwernol. Andycjp. Thariqcp. Bakasuprman. Coffee. Eraserhead1. D6. Mowgli. Arrwiki. AKeen. Karims2020. Goldenboat. YellowMonkey. Getramkumar. Ceyockey. Randhirreddy. Jacob. Spundun. Donald Albury. The wub. Pareshpisipati. Bwithh.kota. Fundamental metric tensor. Gp2much. Mahirzz. Astaines. Raven1977.jpg  Source: http://en. Aumnamahashiva.org/w/index. Abecedare. Tux the penguin. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Neerajbhushansingh. Yamla. Synchronism. Rigmahroll. PrinceRegentLuitpold. Adi4094. Wizardman. NewAgeKvetch. SchnitzelMannGreek. Ayaz360. Thiseye. Drfoop.php?oldid=433441102  Contributors: AA. Stagecraft111. Ronz. Harshavardhan83. Donrods. Varuag doos. J JMesserly. Goethean. SpaceFlight89. Kannanwrites. RoyBoy. Navihtamt. Utcursch. Beetstra. Docu. Possum. Subrata Roy. SiobhanHansa. SoCalSuperEagle. Fæ.wikipedia. Mfhusainscrolls. Fastily. Stepontree. MER-C. Jmabel. Miskaton. Nez 27. Tyrenius. Xezbeth. Anushe. Arsh.org/w/index. Tbhotch. Leujohn. Gensanders.

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