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Table of Contents
1. Automation Architecture.......................................................3 1.1 Design........................................................................................................................3 1.2 Approach for Test Automation..................................................................................4 2. Introduction to QTP........................................................11 2.1 QTP Environment Compatibility.............................................................................12 2.2 Versions of QTP......................................................................................................13 3. Add-Ins...............................................................................21 3.1 Types of Add-Ins.....................................................................................................21 3.2 Conditions for Add-ins............................................................................................22 4. Conventions.........................................................................23 4.1 Test Case Naming Conventions:..............................................................................23 4.2 Script and Action Naming Conventions:................................................................23 4.3 Variables and Constants:..........................................................................................25 4.4 DataSheet Naming and Parameter Naming Conventions:.......................................26 4.5 Function Naming Conventions................................................................................27 5. Settings...............................................................................28 5.1 QTP Test Settings....................................................................................................28 5.2 Record and Run Settings..........................................................................................29 5.3 Active Screen Capture Level...................................................................................29 5.4 Object Repository....................................................................................................30 5.5 Expert View.............................................................................................................32 5.6 Setting related to the Application Used:..................................................................35 6. Objects...............................................................................38 6.1 Objects....................................................................................................................38 7. Data Table..........................................................................40 7.1 Datatable Object and related Functions:.................................................................40 7.2 Organizing Data Sheets for Global & Local variables............................................41 7.3 Parameterizing using Data driven Wizard.............................................................42 7.4 Importing and Exporting Datasheets:...................................................................46 8. Actions................................................................................49 8.1 Actions Settings.......................................................................................................49 8.2 Iterations using rows................................................................................................50 8.3 Action Template.......................................................................................................51 8.4 Script Startup...........................................................................................................51 8.5 Splitting Actions, Re-usable Actions, Internal/External Actions............................52 9. Object Repository................................................................53 9.1 Per Action/Shared Object Repository:.....................................................................53 9.2 Merging of two object repositories:.........................................................................55 9.3 Limitations:..............................................................................................................57 10. Variables...........................................................................58 10.1 Action Parameters................................................................................................59
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10.2 Test Parameters......................................................................................................61 10.3 Environment Variables..........................................................................................63 10.4 Variable passing from one Action to another.......................................................64 10.5 Scope of Variables.................................................................................................66 11. Check Points......................................................................68 11.1 Types of Checkpoints............................................................................................68 11.2 Output Values for Verification..............................................................................70 12. Reusable Library................................................................72 12.1 Introduction...........................................................................................................73 12.2 How to establish a Reusable Library.....................................................................73 12.3 How to use this Reusable Library.........................................................................75 13. Regular Expressions..........................................................75 13.1 Description.............................................................................................................75 14. Recovery Scenario............................................................80 14.1 Exceptional Handling using Recovery Scenarios..................................................81 14.2 Sample for Recovery Scenario:...........................................................................87 15. Optional Steps...................................................................93 15.1 Description:........................................................................................................93 16. Reporting...........................................................................95 16.1 Different Options for Reporting.............................................................................96 16.2 Functions used for Reporting..............................................................................97 16.3 Reporting Formats.................................................................................................99

1. Automation Architecture
1.1 Design

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60761011.doc QTP Frame Work 1.2 Approach for Test Automation Description Confidential Page 4 of 100 .

where Reusability was one of the main aspects. Automation Framework: For Quality deliverables. Approach for automation begins with finding out the conditions and business rules given by the client and grouping similar conditions.doc QTP Frame Work Approach for Test Automation is used for building a strategy for automation starting from the Requirement phase till the deployment phase. are identified as Reusable transactions.60761011. important things that should be followed are: • Following common coding structure for all the scripts Page 5 of 100 Confidential . and grouped together as different Test cases. All the Identified Scenarios which consists of different transactions where explained to Testing Team. Depending on the flow of transactions. all the transactions where grouped together as different scenarios. Then common functionalities where identified. business rules together as Test cases or Test Scenarios. Testing Team. SAP Consultants. Steps involved in Approach for Test Automation are as follows: • • • • • • • Requirement gathering from the client Understanding and Analyzing the Requirement Grouping the requirement into Test cases Preparing the Design for Automation Building Scripts depending on the Design Review of Scripts at Offshore Delivery to the Client For example in the Unilever project: Since it is Project for Automation of SAP. design for automation of scripts was done. While SAP Consultants where onsite for gathering Requirements. After defining different Test cases. Under standing of requirements was done at the client side. where all the transactions. which are common in the scenarios. Work done at the offshore was to analyze on the appropriate version of the QTP Tool to be used and to get licenses for QTP. Installation of QTP and SAP. Team was divided into two. user accounts for SAP access. Requirement gathering from the client included knowledge transfer at onsite. where all the transactions including the customized transactions where explained to the SAP Consultants of satyam.

Major types of Recovery used in this project where Popup Window.doc • • • • • QTP Frame Work Consistent coding conventions Use of Reusability for making code efficient and minimal Efficient use of Object Repository Use of Error and Exception handling Functions Use of Data table object. Environment variables for using data For example in the Unilever project: Coding Structure used is that there will a main Action for all the scripts which is named as corresponding Test case name. Importing of sheets is done at the beginning before calling other actions and exporting of sheets is done at the last. In Error handling using Recovery. Design for Structure of Scripts used in Unilever Project: Main Action. Object state and on Error Recoveries. similar transactions (Actions) are made as reusable so that its not required to record those transactions again and again. which calls all the other Called Actions Confidential Page 6 of 100 . all the common types of exceptions or errors are given common Recovery scenarios using regular expressions. This Action intern will call all the other actions (Each Transaction used in the script would be an action) in the script. so that the data in the fields of the Imported sheets are used as input data to the script. Importing and Exporting of sheets is also done in this main action. Sheets corresponding to all the actions in the scripts are imported. were recorded in one script and is reused in all the scripts where the transaction is required. There are many transactions which are reused in the scripts.60761011. which minimized the number of Recovery scenarios and Functions used. which ever transaction was common among scripts. output data from the script is also collected and exported to the corresponding sheet. Error handling in the unilever automation is done by using Recovery Scenario where each Recovery scenario calls a function which handles the recovery by exiting all the other transactions (actions) when recovery fires.

doc Actions (transactions) in the script QTP Frame Work <Action Name> Main Action in the Script Calls <Action Name> Ex: S014_001 (Action Name) Ex: ME21N (Action Name Which is same as the Transaction name in SAP) Confidential Page 7 of 100 .60761011.

Data Table handling Error handling. Common Functionality Related code etc Tool & Application Settings. Recovery. messaging etc Script Development using Record & Play back Deliver the script after Verification & Validation Confidential Page 8 of 100 . Log Reporting. File Handling.doc QTP Frame Work Design of the Approach for Test Automation is given below Identification of Test Cases for Automation Identification of Common Functionality Coding Standards. Logout. Object Repository.60761011. House Keeping etc General library containing String handling. Restoring. Date handling. Naming Conventions & Templates Building the Re-Usable Library Application Login.

QTP Framework in SAP Automation Confidential Page 9 of 100 . LB01. Common Functions are LT12.60761011.ReportEvent etc Business Transactions Scripts are LB01 and LT04 Note: The phase in blue color indicates where more efforts are required in analyzing and recording to generate a script. MM03. Actions for the Transactions Login. MM03 Recoveries are gAlready_exist. MM03 Coding Standards & Naming Conventions like ‘The file name as per convention .doc Design for Automation of Test cases for Unilever Foods: QTP Frame Work It’s a description of Automating a test case belongs to SAP by explaining a scenario S014-081 Scenario Objective: Moving a Material from Raw Material Storage Location to a Production Storage Location. ‘The Action named as per transaction ID’ Building the Re-Usable Library like ‘The common functionality being reused’ Application Login. Logout and common functions like LT12. qrs Error handling like On Error Resume Next. Creating a Transfer Requirement and a Transfer Order. LT04.Scenario name’. Reporting like reporter. LT012 and Logoff.qrs S014_164_Materia l_Not_Maintained.

• • Mission critical processes like core activities like sales order processing are prime candidates for automated testing and have been considered for automation. • Repetitive Testing Confidential Page 10 of 100 . string etc Error handling Library Recovery Scenario Actions Guidelines followed for identification of Test Cases for Automation • Tests that need to run once and those that need frequent human intervention are usually not worth the investment to automate and have not been considered for automation. Re-Usable Library: Generic Library calls for handling data.g. As Automated testing can be used to verify the performance of application paths that are used with a high degree of frequency when the software is running in full production e. creating customer records.60761011. date. Invoicing and other high volume activities where software failure would occur frequently have been considered.doc QTP Frame Work Test Data Handling and Data Sheet Importing SAP Application Session Login Script for Business Transaction/ Test Case Test Results Reporting and Application Closing.

Avoiding scenarios that require high degree of coding while automating so that script’s complexity is reduced and high maintainability of the script is ensured. This scenario is faced very frequently in enterprise applications as in pricing tables and leads to the complexity of the script and subsequently the effort. If the numbers of rows were very high the execution time of the script would be high. it is better to prove the business scenario wherein tables with row selections figure by identifying a fixed row number. Hence.doc • • • • • QTP Frame Work Applications with Long Life span – Longer the application in production greater the benefits from automation.60761011. Avoiding screens where objects are created dynamically Avoiding business scenarios where complex hardware is involved Selecting a row in a table results in an additional challenge from. Though possible to automate this increases the complexity of the script. Some automation tools provide the facility to read each row in a table and for focusing on a specific row. • 2. Avoiding dynamic screens. Confidential Introduction to QTP Page 11 of 100 . This leads to performance issues of the recorded script.

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2.1 QTP Environment Compatibility
QTP (version) supports a wide range of working environments and thereby can be used for practically any application. Core Environments Supported by QTP: - Windows applications (MFC) - Visual Basic - Java - ActiveX Enterprise Applications: - SAP - Siebel - PeopleSoft - Oracle Web Technologies: - HTML - DHTML - JavaScript Browsers: - Internet Explorer - Netscape - AOL Emerging Technologies: - .NET winforms, webforms, web services - J2EE Web services - XML, WSDL, UDDI Terminal Emulators: - 3270 - 5250 - VT100 Server Technologies:

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60761011.doc - Oracle - Microsoft - IBM - BEA - ODBC - COM / COM+ Multimedia: - Flash - RealAudio / RealVideo - Windows Media Player Operating Environment Operating Systems Supported: Databases Supported: Networks Supported: Programming Languages Supported: Windows XP/2000/NT Windows 95/98/ME

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(Not Applicable) TCP/IP JavaScript Java HTML Visual Basic (VB) XML Middleware Supported: Microsoft .NET

2.2 Versions of QTP
QTP 6.5: To successfully install and run QTP6.5, following minimum system requirements are required : Computer/Processor: IBM-PC or compatible with a Pentium® II 266 MHz microprocessor (366 MHz recommended). Windows® 98 Second Edition, Windows® 2000— Service Pack 3, Windows NT® 4.0—Service Pack 6a, Windows® Me, or Windows® XP—Service Pack 1.

Operating System:

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128 MB of RAM (256 MB recommended) 150 MB of free disk space for a compact installation or 200 MB for a typical or complete installation Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0–6.0.

Supported Environments QuickTest Professional supports creating, recording, and running tests in the environments described below. Standard Windows Applications Win32 API MFC Visual Basic Applications Visual Basic 6.0 Browsers
• • • •

Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.01–6.0 (required) Netscape Navigator 4.06–4.7x (optional) Netscape 6.1, Netscape 6.22, and Netscape 6.23 (optional) AOL 5.0 and 6.0 (optional)

ActiveX Grid Controls In addition to basic support of ActiveX properties and methods, QuickTest Professional supports context-sensitive recording and verification on the following ActiveX Grid controls:

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2 FPSpread.1 FPSpread.4 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.3 FPSpread.TDBGrid TrueOleDBGrid60.Spread.DTPicker.1 Apex True DataBound Grid 5.5 (OLEDB) FPSpreadADO.fpSpread.SSDBGridCtrlApt.0 Sheridan Data Grid 3.Spread.TDBGrid ActiveX Calendar Controls In addition to basic support of ActiveX properties and methods.0 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.doc Name FarPoint Spreadsheet 2.1 SSDataWidgets. QuickTest Professional supports context-sensitive recording and verification on the following ActiveX Calendar controls: Name ProgId Microsoft Date and Time Picker Control 6.0 Microsoft DataBound Grid 5.0 (SP4) MSComCtl2.Spread.MonthView.5 FarPoint Spreadsheet 6.0 Microsoft Flex Grid 6.0 Apex True DataBound Grid 6.1 SSDataWidgets.MSFlexGrid.fpSpread.4 MSGrid.0 (OLEDB) FPSpreadADO.3 FarPoint Spreadsheet 6 (OLEDB) Microsoft Grid 1.0 Apex True OLE DB Grid 6.0 (SP4) MSComCtl2.0 FPSpreadADO.3 TrueDBGrid50.0 ProgId QTP Frame Work FPSpread.TDBGrid TrueDBGrid60.0 Sheridan Data Grid 2.60761011.Spread.2 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.2 Microsoft MonthView Control 6.DBGrid MSFlexGridLib.Grid MSDBGrid.5 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.fpSpread.2 Confidential Page 15 of 100 .SSDBGridCtrlApt.

contact your sales representative or Mercury Interactive Customer Support. • Additional Environments QuickTest Professional add-ins support other environments such as Java. QTP 8. Oracle.0 and earlier: Java support and Oracle support are now available as separate add-ins to QuickTest Professional 6.5 supports testing on the following multimedia applications: • • Microsoft Windows MediaPlayer controls. PeopleSoft.60761011. Siebel. Note for QuickTest Professional 6.0 and higher RealPlayer controls supported for Internet Explorer browsers (the controls within applications containing browser controls are not supported) Macromedia Flash 4 or 5 objects that are ActiveX controls in Internet Explorer. You can also test Macromedia Flash 6 clips containing only Flash 4 or 5 commands. version 6. . For more information about QuickTest Professional add-ins.0: Confidential Page 16 of 100 .doc Multimedia Applications QTP Frame Work QTP6. SAP solutions.5 and are no longer part of the core product. Web Services. and terminal emulator applications.NET Windows and Web Forms.

5 . Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.NET Add-in 6. or Windows 2003 Server. and an additional 120 MB of free disk space on the system disk (the disk on which the operating system is installed).0: • • • • • • Java Add-in 6.5.60761011. you need the following minimum system requirements: Computer/Processor: Operating System: Memory: IBM-PC or compatible with a Pentium II 266 MHz microprocessor (366 MHz recommended).0.5 PeopleSoft Add-in 6. Windows 2000-Service Pack 3 or Service Pack 4.1 SAP solutions Add-in 6. Free Hard Disk Space: Browser: Supported Add-ins The following external QuickTest 6.5 Terminal Emulator Add-in 6.5 Oracle Add-in 6.5 Service Pack 2-6.5.1 Confidential Page 17 of 100 .x add-ins are supported for use with QuickTest Professional 8.doc QTP Frame Work System Requirements To successfully install and run QTP8. it is recommended to have at least 150 MB free disk space on the system disk for the operating system and Quick Test Professional to run correctly.0.5. After Quick Test Professional is installed. 250 MB of free disk space for application files and folders. Windows XP-Service Pack 1. 128 MB of RAM (256 MB recommended).

22.5.1 (optional) • AOL 8.NET Add-in. the Add-in for SAP solutions 6.5. Browsers • Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. QuickTest Professional supports context-sensitive recording and verification on the following ActiveX Grid controls: Confidential Page 18 of 100 . recording. the .60761011.5.MFC Visual Basic Applications Visual Basic 6.1 Supported Environments and Programs QuickTest Professional 8. Standard Windows Applications 1. and running tests or components using the environments and programs described below. Netscape 6.0 (required) Netscape 6.cannot be used with QuickTest Professional 8. Netscape 6. Netscape 7.02.0.1.NET Add-in 6.23.0 Note: Visual Basic .0 add-ins. or any 6.0 (optional) • ActiveX Grid Controls In addition to basic support of ActiveX properties and methods.NET applications are supported by the QuickTest Professional .doc QTP Frame Work Note: Siebel Add-in 6.0 and 9.Win32 API 2.0 supports creating. and Netscape 7.5 Service Pack 2-6.

1 Apex True DataBound Grid 5.Spread.0 Microsoft Flex Grid 6.5 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.DTPicker.fpSpread.MonthView.3 FarPoint Spreadsheet 6 (OLEDB) Microsoft Grid 1.3 FPSpread.Spread.fpSpread.0 Sheridan Data Grid 2.TDBGrid ActiveX Calendar Controls In addition to built-in support for ActiveX properties and methods.1 FPSpread.2 Microsoft MonthView Control 6.Spread.MSFlexGrid.0 (OLEDB) FPSpreadADO.1 SSDataWidgets.TDBGrid TrueOleDBGrid60.SSDBGridCtrlApt.0 Apex True OLE DB Grid 6.5 FarPoint Spreadsheet 6.2 FPSpread.doc Name FarPoint Spreadsheet 2.fpSpread.1 SSDataWidgets.0 Microsoft DataBound Grid 5.0 Apex True DataBound Grid 6.3 TrueDBGrid50. QuickTest Professional supports context-sensitive recording and verification on the following ActiveX Calendar controls: Name ProgId Microsoft Date and Time Picker Control 6.0 FPSpreadADO.0 ProgId QTP Frame Work FPSpread.2 Confidential Page 19 of 100 .TDBGrid TrueDBGrid60.DBGrid MSFlexGridLib.4 MSGrid.0 (SP4) MSComCtl2.Grid MSDBGrid.Spread.5 (OLEDB) FPSpreadADO.2 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.4 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.0 FarPoint Spreadsheet 3.60761011.SSDBGridCtrlApt.0 Sheridan Data Grid 3.0 (SP4) MSComCtl2.

. for Database checkpoints). and XP. 2002. Additional Environments QuickTest Professional add-ins support other environments such as Java. you can work with Microsoft Excel 2000. and terminal emulator applications. 2002. Microsoft Query When using Microsoft Query with QuickTest Professional 8. SAP Solutions. Oracle.NET Windows and Web Forms. to import or export data to or from the Data Table). contact your sales representative or Mercury Interactive Customer Support. PeopleSoft. Confidential Page 20 of 100 . For more information on QuickTest Professional add-ins.0(for example. and XP.doc QTP Frame Work Microsoft Excel When using Microsoft Excel files with QuickTest Professional 8. 2003. you can work with Microsoft Query 2000. Siebel.60761011.0 (for example. Web Services. 2003.

Web &Visual Basic 8.0 cannot be used with Quick Test Professional 6. Net Web Java XML Default Add-Ins: Active X controls.5 Oracle add-in 6.5 Add-ins Siebel add-in 8.0 .0 6. Net add-in 6. If you are using Quick Test Professional 6.60761011.5.5.0 cannot be used with Quick Test 8. Add-Ins 3.1 Java add-in 6.5 version of your add-in. Multimedia.5 Oracle add-in 6. • The add-ins for Quick Test Professional 6. you will need to get the 6. Web Note: Quick Test Professional Siebel add-in 6.5 PeopleSoft add-in 6.1 Sap add-in 6. Visual Basic.2 Java add-in 6.5. Confidential Page 21 of 100 .0. Net add-in 8.5 Terminal Emulator add-in 6.5 and Web services add-in 6.5. Web &Visual Basic .5 .2 Default Add-Ins: Active X Controls.5 Default Add-Ins: Active X Controls.1 Types of Add-Ins QTP version 8.0 Terminal Emulator add-in 8.doc QTP Frame Work 3.

Net .To create a checkpoint.Net Add-In The . 3.Net add-in. 3.doc QTP Frame Work 3. if a Web application contains complex controls like ActiveX or other controls developed in . Quick Test Professional can recognize HTML controls like edit fields. Confidential Page 22 of 100 .Net.60761011.2.x browser is already installed before installing the Quick Test Professional Java Add-in. it is a plain HTML page. you must load the Web add-in as well as the Java Add-in.Net like ASP.2 Conditions for Add-ins 3.2 .x’s built-in JVM (not Java Plug-ins). without the . parameterize a step.2.3 Sap Add-In The Sap add-in is required for all SAP applications. confirm that the Netscape 4.2. In SAP application Grid Tables. when the page is sent to the browser.Net add-in to achieve object recognition. it is required to use the . even though the application has been developed using .Net server controls. or to add a method from individual java applets. To test Java applets or applications running on Netscape 4.Net add-in is required to support objects developed in . However. Labels can be identified only if SAP Add-in is installed.1 Java Add-In When testing Java applets in a Web browser. and use the Web tab of the Record and Run Settings Dialog box to specify your record and run preferences. When testing Java applets in a Web browser web Add-in as well as java add-in must be loaded . Status Bar messages. buttons etc. the Java Add-in must be loaded.In some cases.

Test Case 4.60761011. so for writing the test case for a particular scenario naming convention used is module name followed by scenario name.doc QTP Frame Work 4. Script naming should be done consistently with clarity and traceability. Consistency should be maintained in following the hierarchy of naming.1 Test Case Naming Conventions: Test cases should be named in a manner that enables easy identification of the corresponding Use case (or the Scenario) for which the Test Case is written. Confidential Page 23 of 100 . if S014_01 is the scenario name. If the name of the Use Case were UC_001 then the Test case name would be TC_001. 4. The Onlooker should be able to trace the test case back to the use cane name or Scenario name by the name of the Test Case. SAP transactions are divided into different modules. Every Test Case contains one or more Conditions.2 Script and Action Naming Conventions: Similar to the Test case naming. For Module IMWM. Conventions The Conventions for Naming for test cases. Use Case Or Scenario For example: Example 1: Considering that Each Use case is associated with one Test case. Typically each Test Script is prepared corresponding to each Test Case. Example 2: In the Unilever Automation Project. in those modules different transactions are grouped together as a scenario. Each Condition can be represented by an action in the script. Scripts and Actions vary from Project to Project depending upon the Client. so name of the test case for the S014_01 scenario was given as IMWM_S014_01.

Hierarchy of the Action in the Test Script. E.The hierarchy should be maintained in case the use cases or test cases are nested.g. Therefore it would be easier to understand the Action if the name of the action represents the Functionality. Action Naming: Each Test Script can contain one or more Actions.doc QTP Frame Work Use Case Test Case Condition1 Condition2 Condition3 ……… Test Case Condition 1 Condition2 Test script Action1 Action2 Therefore for a Test Script corresponding to a Test Case named TC_001 would be QTS_001. This also adds a huge advantage when the Actions are made reusable.: TC_01_014 would have a QTP Test Script as QTS_01_014. Actions can be named in 2 ways: 1. Example: REUSE_Login. Reusable Actions can be used between various scripts.: An Action written or recorded for logging the user should be named as Login or Authentication for easy understandability. For E. Functionality of the Action 2. Confidential Page 24 of 100 . 1. Functionality of the Action: Typically Actions are segregated by their functionality in the Test Script.g. When an Action is to be made reusable the action should be named as REUSE_(Action name). with one or more actions representing a test Condition.60761011. An Action for booking tickets should be named as Book_Tickets An Action for exiting the application named as Exit.

g. Double) Objects Set oFile = Nothing Strings sTitle = "Welcome!" User interface elements uPara. Currency. e. Indicating the data type therefore is less important for constants. Actions can be named as per Hierarchy. General Conventions followed in VBScript are: Data Type Prefixes: By using data type prefixes. the naming conventions for variables can be followed alike VB Script Naming Conventions. your variables always indicate what they are designed for.076 (Byte.60761011. I'm using just six prefixes: Prefix b d i o s u Data Types Boolean (true or false) Example bChecked = True Date/time dStartTime = Now All numeric data types iTax = iPrice * 0.: Test Case Name  TC_01 QTP Test Script Name  QTS_01 Name of 1st action in the Script  QTS_01_01 Similarly Name of 9th Action in the ScriptQTS_01_09 4.doc QTP Frame Work 2.style. For e. Therefore.title = cTitle Confidential Page 25 of 100 . Long. Const cTitle = "Welcome!" UDocument. Prefix letter c for all constants can be used. for purpose of Clarity and tracking.display = "block" Constants Prefix: Usually there are only a handful of constants in any scripts.g.3 Variables and Constants: QTP Scripts are in VB Script. Single. Integer. Hierarchy of the Action in the Script: Since Actions are a part of the Test Script.

Local data sheets The Global data sheet. Parameter Naming: Various Types of Parameters used in QTP are: 1) Test Parameters a) Test Input Parameters: These should be named as IN_(relevant variable name). ACTIN denoting that it’s an Action Input Parameter. named after the Action to which it belongs. The name following IN should be a relevant name for the variable. 1. This can be renamed as Global for all the Scripts for consistency. can be used efficiently for the data sheet too. 2) Action Parameters a) Action Input Parameters: These are local to Action of a Test. These can be named as ACTIN_(variable name). ‘In’ denoting that it’s an input parameter for the Test in whole. which is a common sheet for all the actions of the script.60761011. these should be named as OUT_(relevant variable name). which when named following its naming conventions. Example: ACTIN_iResult b) Action Output Parameters: These could be named as ACTOUT_(var name). Each Action in the Script contains one data sheet. Example: OUT_sStatus. Typically. Confidential Page 26 of 100 . This should also comply with the standard variable naming conventions.. is named by default as dt_globalsheet.doc QTP Frame Work 4. Therefore the name of the datasheet follows directly the name of the Action.4 DataSheet Naming and Parameter Naming Conventions: Every QTP Test Script contains 2 types of sheets. which is local to the Action. Example: IN_bFlag. IN_iIncrement etc. Global data sheet 2. This is by default. b) Test Output Parameters: On the similar lines of Input Parameters. OUT representing that it’s an output parameter. denoting the purpose of its use.

doc Example: ACTOUT_bFlag QTP Frame Work 3) Environment Variables: Environment variables are either built-in or User defined. Built-in variables cannot be declared named by the user.60761011. Func_Add Confidential Page 27 of 100 . This can provide clarity and difference between a Reusable Action and a Function that can be used within Actions. Example: Func_Save . so their naming convention is not discussed.5 Function Naming Conventions Functions should be named as Func_(name). User Defined Environment Variables are either Internal or External. Internal Variables: ENV_INT_(variable name) External Variables: ENV_EXT_(Variable name) 4.

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5. Settings
5.1 QTP Test Settings
Before Running or Recording any test on QTP, the QTP Test settings need to be set as per the requirements of the Test. Setting these Test Settings before starting a Test plays a crucial part in the behavior of the test. These can be found at the path Test>Settings. A dialog box pops up, in which various tabs are present which allow one to set • Properties of the test like Add-Ins used • Run time Preferences • Resources like files, data tables, and repository to be used. • Parameters required in the Test. • Environment variables used • Web navigation • Recovery Scenarios

Note: For further details about the use of each tab, refer to QTP Test Settings

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5.2 Record and Run Settings
After Setting the Test Settings at Test>Settings, the next important settings for actually recording the application and running it for Testing are to be set at the Test>Record and Run Settings. This dialog box opens automatically, when recording a test for the first time. The details of which application to record are set in this dialog box.

For further details about these settings refer to Record and Run Settings.

5.3 Active Screen Capture Level
One of the most useful fetaures of QTP is the various views it provides, out of which Active view is the most unique.The selection of the appropriate Active Screen Capture level influences the storage space, properties stored and the view of the Active screen. The selection can be made by going to Tools>Options>Active Screen. The Active screen settings can also set at the Test>Record and Run Settings. The active screen capture level can be set to any of the 4 levels i.e. Complete, Partial, Minimum and None.

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For details about each capture level, refer to ActiveScreen Capture Level.

5.4 Object Repository
When a test is recorded, QTP adds each object on which an operation is performed, to the Tools>object repository. Objects can be added to the repository while editing the tests too.While recording, Objects are added to the repository in either of the two ways: a. Object Repository per Action b. Shared Object Repository.

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spy objects. Confidential Page 31 of 100 . find and replace property values etc.60761011. the user may choose a location to save the shared object repository files for all the tests. objects are identified and separated on the basis of each action and the corresponding object repository for the test is created in the test folder.doc QTP Frame Work The settings can be changed by going to Test>Settings>Resources>Object Repository Type In the Per-Action mode.and their properties can be seen and manipulated in the Tools>Object Repository.There are provisions in this Object Repository Dialog box to add new objects. All the Objects recorded during a test.In the Shared mode.

when the application is open. Active Screen View: Pictorial view of the currently active Screen. Replace. Expert View b. d. Keyword View: Hierarchical Representation of Actions c. Add Objects : A Button to add new objects to the repository. to see its Properties. 5.60761011. c. the various representations of the Script. Object Spy: To Spy any Object.doc QTP Frame Work The First Section of Object Repository Dialog Box contains provisions to a. The second section of the dialog box contains provision to Find. Export: To Export any objects to an outside location. there are 3 important views that enable us to understand clearly. b. and Remove the properties of an object in the Repository also set any default values for the properties. Highlight: To highlight the object selected in the repository.5 Expert View While recording Tests in QTP. They are a. Confidential Page 32 of 100 . Add.

doc QTP Frame Work In the Expert View. QTP displays each operation performed on the application in the form of a script.60761011. The script is comprised of VBScript statements and the view is a script editor with many script editing capabilities. For each object and method in an Expert View statement. which enables easy traceability. a corresponding row exists in the Keyword View and a corresponding Active Screen in the Active Screen view. Fig: Active Screen Component corresponding to Expert View Statement Confidential Page 33 of 100 .

5... Confidential Page 34 of 100 . the user can add and update statements and enhance the tests and components with programming.1 Step Generator: If the user is familiar with VBScript. its power and flexibility can be increased by adding recordable and non-recordable VBScript statements as required for tasks like Check Points.doc QTP Frame Work Fig: Keyword view and Active Screen view corresponding to one expert view statement 5. then any Syntax errors of the step can be Identified in its Keyword view.Datatables etc. After the test or an Action is recorded.60761011.whenever a step is added to a script.These additional steps can be added either manually or using Insert>Step >Step Generator .

by selecting from a range of context-sensitive options and entering the required values.web based(java and .Apart from the windows applications using MFC and simple web applications(which can be run with default addins).The generated step gets added at the position of cursor in the expert view. The Step Generator enables you to add steps quickly and easily. by selecting from a range of context-sensitive options and entering the required values.6 Setting related to the Application Used: The different kind of Applications that can be tested using QTP are windows applications. rest all applications require a special Add-in to be purchased to do the testing.SAP.Net).doc QTP Frame Work The Step Generator enables you to add steps quickly and easily. VBScript functions.60761011.Oracle etc. In the Step Generator dialog box you can define steps that use: • test object methods and properties • utility object methods and properties • calls to library functions.Each Confidential Page 35 of 100 . and internal script functions 5.

It purely depends on the type of application . using which various setting options can be chosen. results in a new tab in all the setting dialog boxes .60761011. how to choose a particular setting option. Example of a SAP Add-in : Fig: The Add-in manager dialog with SAP add-in Confidential Page 36 of 100 .doc QTP Frame Work Add-in which is bought and installed.

For detailed information of the settings of the tabs other than the special tabs refer Record and run settings. Confidential Page 37 of 100 .60761011.doc QTP Frame Work Fig: Record and Run Settings with a SAP Add-in.

1 Objects Objects are the things which contains different properties and methods.doc QTP Frame Work 6. thus by using Activate method Activate property of the present window object is set to true. Exist is a property which is common to many objects which returns true if that object exists. we first have to define to which class it belongs to which is one of the property. each object has different properties. thus the window object will be activated if not in activated mode. Confidential Page 38 of 100 . which is necessary to describe the object. Activate. which are used for changing the properties of the object that is in order to manipulate with the object properties we use. Objects 6. Methods: Methods are functions.60761011. Property: Property describes about the object defined. Activate is a method used to activate the window object. For example: If we take a window object. minimize etc. maximize. GetROProperty and methods such as ChildObjects. For example: If we take a window object. For Example: Window is said to be an object which consists of properties such as Exist. which differentiates the given object with other objects. it belongs to a window class.

one is Dialog and the other is Window object.60761011. there are two main Objects. Dialog Parent Object named as “Login” Child Object named as “Agent WinEdit Name:” “Set” is the method associated with “WinEdit” object Confidential Page 39 of 100 .doc QTP Frame Work Sample for Object hierarchy: Method for “WinEdit” Object “Dialog” Object Child Object for “Dialog” Object In the above sample of code. This objects contain child objects. here Set is the method used to set a text into the WinEdit object. For Dialog object which is named as “Login” has WinEdit object with name as “Agent Name:” as childobject.

Data Table In QTP scripting there are many objects that are used. so that all the data in the imported sheet can be used in the script.AddSheet(“Sheetname”). Syntax: Datatable.doc QTP Frame Work 7. deleting. updating data of an excel sheet used. 7.1 Datatable Object and related Functions: Description Basic use of Datatable object is to create an object for adding. “nameofthedestinationsheet”) • Exportsheet : This function is used to Export sheet from the script. Syntax: Datatable.Exportsheet(“nameofExcelfilewithpath”. all the data including output values are stored in the default sheet for the action. One of the Objects used in QTP scripting is DataTable Object. “nameofthesourcesheet”.60761011. “Nameofthesheet”) • • Addsheet : Used for adding a sheet into the script file.GetRowCount Confidential Page 40 of 100 . Syntax: Datatable. this sheet is exported and stored in a specified location using this function. Main functions of the datatable object: • Importsheet : This function is used to Import sheet into the script. GetRowCount: This function is used to get the no of rows in a particular sheet.Importsheet(“nameofExcelfilewithpath”.

that action will run as many times as the number of rows in the excel sheet of the action. Globalsheet is used in order to store values in the sheet and the values stored in Globalsheet can be used in all the actions. in order to find the row for which action is running currently we use GetCurrentRow function.GetSheet(“Sheetname”).Value(“Fieldname”.”Global”) Localsheet: Each and every action in the script will have its own Localsheet.Value(“Fieldname”. For using the data from the Local sheet we use following function: Datatable.doc QTP Frame Work • GetCurrentRow: This function is used to get the current row of a particular sheet.60761011.GetCurrentRow 7.Value(“Fieldname”.Value(“Fieldname”.dtlocalsheet) Or Datatable. they are Globalsheet Localsheet Globalsheet: Globalsheet in any script is unique. name of the Localsheet of a particular action is same as the action name. When an action is run by using run setting as “run on all rows”.”Sheetname”) Confidential Page 41 of 100 . Syntax: Datatable.2 Organizing Data Sheets for Global & Local variables Description There are two types of sheets in any QTP Script. For storing a value in the global sheet we use the following function: Datatable.”Global”) = Value For using the values from the global sheet we use the following function: Value = Datatable.

in the same way that you can use a Find and Replace All operation instead of a step-by-step Find and Replace process. checkpoints. If any property of an object is taken. QuickTest can also show you each occurrence of the constant so that you can decide whether or not to parameterize the value.60761011.3 Parameterizing using Data driven Wizard Description The Data Driver enables you to quickly parameterize several (or all) property values for test objects. and/or method arguments containing the same constant value within a given action. that property can be parameterized using Data driven Wizard.doc QTP Frame Work Organization of Global and Local sheets with the actions used in the script are shown below: Action name: “Login” Local Sheet for “Login” Action Global Sheet 7. Confidential Page 42 of 100 . You can choose to replace all occurrences of a selected constant value with a parameter.

which is as given below: • • Select a value which should be parameterized and click on “Parameterize” button.doc QTP Frame Work Different steps for parameterization using Data driven Wizard is as follows: • • Go to tool bar option Tools and select Data Driver option We will get a list of all the properties of all the objects which can be parameterized (i. There will be two options to be selected as given below: Confidential Page 43 of 100 .60761011.WinEdit("Agent Name:").Set "name" The Set property of WinEdit Object appears in the list of Datadriver with “name” as Value representing the Set property of “Agent Name” Editbox. for all the objects where a value for a property is given in the script) For example consider script for entering Login name which is as follows Dialog("Login").e.

Confidential Page 44 of 100 . For each step. which parameterization options you want to use. you can choose whether or not to parameterize the value. this will enable us to select an other instance of the constant selected and parameterize that instant.doc QTP Frame Work Step-by-step Parameterization: Enables you to view the current values of each step containing the selected value.60761011. it will continue the same process till all the instances of the given value are done. the Next button is enabled when you select this option. and if so.

60761011. The Finish button is enabled when you select this option. When you select this option the Parameter details area is enabled.doc QTP Frame Work Parameterize all: Enables you to parameterize all occurrences of the selected value throughout the action. Confidential Page 45 of 100 .

and in the next screen select the datatable Field from where the property for which the value belongs is parametererized. Confidential Page 46 of 100 .doc QTP Frame Work Here Parameter tab can be selected using the button given at the “Parameter” radio button. 7.60761011. The data in the imported sheet replaces the data in the destination sheet (see SheetDest argument).4 Importing and Exporting Datasheets: Description Importing and Exporting of Datasheets are used for reading. Importing Datasheet: Description Imports a sheet of a specified file to a specified sheet in the run-time Data Table. writing and manipulating the data in an excel sheet. click on “Finish” button thus all the instances of the value selected for parameterization will be parameterized.

the sheet is inserted as the last sheet of the file. since action name and corresponding sheet name should be same. If the current file exists. There are two functions for Importing. a new file is created and the specified sheet is saved. Function for Exporting the whole Excel file: Exports the file into the script with all the sheets which are there in the excel file.60761011. If the current file exists and the file contains the specified sheet. Same as Importing.”sourcesheetname”. • • • If the specified file does not exist. the exported sheet overwrites the existing sheet. Note: Sheets in the excel file should match with the Actions in the script to use the data efficiently. Importing the whole excel file and Importing the sheets in the file. but the file does not contain a sheet with the specified sheet name. Syntax: Import “filenamewithpath” Function for Importing the sheets from the excel file: Imports the specified sheet into the script.doc QTP Frame Work Note: All the fields in the imported sheets should match with the data used in the script. Function for Importing the whole Excel file: Imports the file into the script with all the sheets which are there in the excel file. Confidential Page 47 of 100 . Exporting the whole excel file and Exporting the sheets in the file. There are two functions for Exporting. ”destinationsheetname” Exporting Datasheet: Description Exports a specified sheet of the run-time Data Table to the specified file. Syntax: Importsheet “filenamewithpath”.

doc Syntax: Export “filenamewithpath” Function for Exporting the sheets from the excel file: Exports the specified sheet into the script.”sourcesheetname”.60761011. Syntax: Exportsheet “filenamewithpath”. ”destinationsheetname” QTP Frame Work Confidential Page 48 of 100 .

or to run iterations only for certain rows in the Data Table.60761011. Actions 8. Confidential Page 49 of 100 . to run iterations on all rows in the Data Table.doc QTP Frame Work 8.1 Actions Settings You can use the Run tab of the Action Call Properties dialog box to instruct QuickTest to run only one iteration on the called action.

If the action's data sheet contains fewer rows than the global sheet.doc QTP Frame Work 8.60761011. In the second iteration of the test. Runs the called action with the number of iterations according to the specified row range. the Data Table parameters in the action continue to take data from the second i. this action will run only one iteration. In the third and subsequent iterations of the test. suppose an action's data sheet has two rows and the global sheet has four rows.e. Run one iteration only Run on all rows Run from row __ to row __ The Run tab of the Action Call Properties dialog box applies to individual action calls and refers to the rows in the action's data sheet. then during each iteration of the test.2 Iterations using rows The Run tab includes the following options: Option Description Runs the called action only once. the last row of the action's data sheet is used for each subsequent test iteration. Data Table parameters in the action take data from the second row of the action's data sheet. During the first iteration of the test. Runs the called action with the number of iterations according to the number of rows in the action's Data Table. If you choose to run one iteration only for the action and you choose to run iterations on all rows of the global data sheet. the last row of the action's data sheet. Confidential Page 50 of 100 . Data Table parameters in the action take data from the first row of the action's data sheet. using the row in the action's data sheet that corresponds to the current global iteration number. The data that the action parameters use during each repetition of the test are based on the iteration number for the test. For example.

Check for mandatory input fields for all iterations in the datasheets that are being imported. Action Description. Recovery scenario used etc. scenario must be specified with an appropriate name. An action template applies only to actions created on your computer. if you always enter your name as the author of an action. Every action.doc QTP Frame Work 8. such as Data Table files. To view the Action template refer to ActionTemplate.60761011. To create an action template: 1. Action name. function calls. The Data Table can be any Microsoft Excel (. Create a text file containing the comments. Confidential Page 51 of 100 . All new actions you create contain the script lines from the action template.mst is recognized as an action template. you can add this comment line to your action template.xls) file.4 Script Startup • • • • Check for the required add-ins for an application. you can create an action template. Include action template for every test containing script id.mst 8.mst in your <QuickTest Installation Folder>\dat folder. and other statements that you want to include in your action template. The text file must be in the structure and format used in the Expert View.3 Action Template Creating an Action Template If you want to include one or more statements in every new action in your test. The option area Other location instructs Quick Test to use data stored in the specified Data Table location. 2. Save the text file as ActionTemplate. Only the file name ActionTemplate. Example: The Resources tab of the Test Settings dialog box can be used to associate specific files with the test. For example.

Confidential Page 52 of 100 . 8. Re-usable Actions. A test is made up of calls to actions. specific activities that you perform in your application.doc QTP Frame Work For a sample external file refer to Sample External File • Check for the “Data table iterations” under the test settings for which the test has to be run.60761011. it contains a call to a single action or create tests that call multiple actions by inserting calls to them. to make the design more modular and efficient tests. For further details refer to QTP test settings doc. Internal/External Actions Actions help divide your test into logical units.5 Splitting Actions. When you create a new test.

• For further details on creation & splitting of actions refer to Actions. They can be modified only in the test with which they are stored. Object Repository 9. and can be called only once. • external action—a reusable action stored with another test.60761011. • Non-resuable-actions —an action that can be called only in the test with which it is stored.1 Per Action/Shared Object Repository: Confidential Page 53 of 100 . External actions are read-only in the calling test. 9.doc There are three kinds of actions: QTP Frame Work reusable action—an action that can be called multiple times by the test with which is stored in the local test as well as by other tests.

Go to Test -> Settings. select one of the options: • Select "Per-action" to set the Object Repository mode for your test to the Object Repository per action mode. Click the "New" button or go to File -> New to open a new test. Select the Resources tab. In the Object repository type box. 2. 3.doc Setting the Shared /per action Object Repository option QTP Frame Work To set only one test to use the Shared Object Repository option: 1. Below are some of the factors based on which Per Action option is selected Confidential Page 54 of 100 .60761011. 4.

If you selected Shared in step 4. enter the Object Repository file name or click the ellipse button <. To create a new Shared Object Repository file. Below are some of the factors based on which Shared Action option is selected • • • Whenever there are common objects across transactions Maintenance of object repository is very easy Whenever size of object repository is 1MB 5.tsr) from the Open dialog box.60761011. 3. specify the Shared Object Repository file you want to use as the test's Object Repository file. Click the "Set as Default" button. Loading of per Action object repository takes less time as the size is less Select "Shared" to set the Object Repository mode for your test to the Shared Object Repository mode. To create a new Shared Object Repository file..2 Merging of two object repositories: General: Confidential Page 55 of 100 . you will not be able to change the option. Once you have modified the script. To specify a file. Note: These steps need to be done in a new script. enter a new file name and path in the Shared box. To specify a file. enter the Object Repository file name or click the "Browse" button and select a resource file (*. Go to Test -> Settings.doc • • • • QTP Frame Work Whenever there are no common objects across transactions Ease of building object repository. 2. Click <Apply> and <OK>. Select the Shared option for the "Object-repository type". 9.5 and above 1.. To set all new scripts to use a Shared Object Repository: For Quick Test Professional 6. 6. 4. Click the New button or go to File -> New to open a new test. 5.> and select a resource file (*. Specify the Shared Object Repository file you want to use as the test's Object Repository file. enter a new file name in the Shared box. Select the Resources tab. 7.tsr) from the Open dialog box.

in order to create a shorter name) in one repository but not in the other. It can also be that the user has decided to modify the automatically assigned logical name of an object (for example. or decide to keep two objects that for the inexperienced eye would seem identical. to assume that the two objects are actually the same object. We call this a name conflict. For example. Note: The Merge Utility works only on machines where QTP8. Merge Object Repositories Utility Main Window: This utility is designed to supply simple access to the functionality implemented by the Confidential Page 56 of 100 . The user might want to merge two objects that were not initially the same.g. In this case. but with the same descriptive properties. recording on web browsers would likely generate identical logical names for browsers that have nothing in common. It is also likely that if the text on a button has changed. The Merge Utility allows you to merge the content of one Object Repository to another one thus giving you the flexibility and the power in controlling the content of the Object Repository and the ability to dynamically change this content.0 is installed. between which some test objects properties have changed (e. even though the object behavior has not changed.60761011. new tests would record a new logical name for it. Due to the nature of the operation it is often not the case. or if all objects had only exact replicas in other files. Conflicts: The implementation of the merge algorithm is quite simple when the object repository files have different objects in them. This utility is intended for an advanced user that builds powerful tests.doc QTP Frame Work The Object Repository File Merge Utility allows users to merge object repository files into a single file. if we try to merge two object repositories from tests that were recorded at different time points. whether a button is enabled) then the same object exists in the two repositories with different properties. two objects will exist with different logical names. Resolving Conflicts: It is not trivial to identify and handle conflicting objects. or to ignore one of the conflicting object. We call this a description conflict as the two objects have the same name. For example. It is therefore possible to either keep the two objects (and their subtrees) separated. but different descriptive properties. We will discuss these choices later in detail.

so we will discuss the different options in detail. The Formula 1 control has a limitation of 255 sheets so the limitation is 255 Actions per test. 2. If the size crosses more than 1MB loading of object repository takes lot of time . For different options of Merging refer to Merging of Object Repositories. You may be able to add additional Actions after reaching the 255 "limit". Confidential Page 57 of 100 .3 Limitations: 1. As the operation is not trivial. the UI has many options to select.doc QTP Frame Work ObjectRepositoryMgr COM component.60761011. however those Actions will not be able to access a local data sheet. The reason is that each Action has a data table sheet. The limitation on the number of Actions is 255. Mercury Interactive recommends that you keep the Object Repository under 1 MB and perform regular backups. 9.

Insert another "call to" to the same Action.60761011. Example: In a new script. you will see the data sheet added to the data table. insert a "call to" a reusable Action. The data sheet for the Action will only be loaded once. you may be able to have more than 255 Actions within the script. 10. This applies to "call to" Actions only. This can be accomplished if you are calling the same Action more than one time within the script.doc QTP Frame Work Note: If you are calling reusable Actions. They are: Confidential Page 58 of 100 . The data sheet will not be added again. Variables In QTP scripting there are mainly 3 types of variable that we use. When the Action is added to the script.

You can also specify a default value for each action input parameter. Input values for an action parameter can be retrieved from the test (for a top-level action) or from the parameters of the action that calls it (for a nested action). you define a name and a type. You can specify output parameters for an action.1 Action Parameters Action parameters enable you to transfer values between actions and their nested actions in your test. modify. You can specify input parameters for an action so it can receive input values from elsewhere in the test. and delete input and output parameters in the Parameters tab of the Action Properties dialog box. Environment Variables. and then use that value as input in a later step in the calling parent action. Input values for an action can be retrieved from the test (for a toplevel action) or from the parameters of the action that calls it (for a nested action). For example. or from a step in a toplevel action back to the script or action that ran (called) your test. You can define.doc • • • Action Parameters. Setting Action Parameters You can specify input parameters for an action so that steps in the action can use values supplied from elsewhere in the test. The default value is saved with the action and is used by the action if a value is not defined for a parameter in the action call. so that it can return values for use later in the test. or you can use the default value that QuickTest provides for the parameter value type that you choose. or pass values back to the application that ran (called) the test. so that it can output values for use later in the test. You can also specify output parameters for an action.60761011. QTP Frame Work 10. You define the parameters that an action can receive and the output values that it can return in the Parameters tab of the Action Properties dialog box. which we declare in the script. Confidential Page 59 of 100 . from your test to a top-level action. you can output a value from a step in a nested action and store it in an output action parameter. VB Variables. For each input or output action parameter. You specify the actual values that are provided to these parameters and the locations in which the output values are stored in the Parameter Values tab in the Action Call Properties dialog box.

The default value is an empty string. Click in the Name box and enter a name for the parameter. 3/2/2005. You can select one of the following types: o String—A character string enclosed within a pair of quotation marks.60761011. A row for the new parameter is added to the relevant list. you can click in the Default Value column and click the arrow to select a True or False value. If you select a Boolean value type. for example. QuickTest adds them automatically when the value is inserted in the script during the test run. 2. o Date—A date string. o Boolean—A true or false value. you can click in the Default Value column and click the arrow to open a calendar from which you can select a date. If you enter a value and do not include the quotation marks. Confidential Page 60 of 100 . The default value is today's date. Click the Add button next to the Input parameters or Output parameters lists to add a new parameter to the appropriate list.doc QTP Frame Work To add a new input or output action parameter: 1. 3. Select the value type for the parameter in the Type box. "New York". The default value is True. If you select a Date value type. for example.

You can also use the Parameters tab to modify or delete existing test or component parameters Confidential Page 61 of 100 . 2. QuickTest checks whether it is a number. Modify the values as necessary in the edit boxes of the parameter row. you must specify the value in the format that is required in the location where you intend to use the value. Note that if you select the Any value type. If you are defining an input action parameter. 4. 2. QuickTest automatically encloses it in quotation marks if the previous value had quotation marks. If you wish. click in the Description box. Select the parameter you want to delete from the Input parameters or Output parameters list. you must enclose it in quotation marks. then enter a description of the parameter. For example. If the value is not a number. the purpose of the parameter in the action. the password characters are masked when you enter the password in the Default Value field. To delete an existing action parameter: 1. Password—An encrypted password value. you can define input parameters that pass values into your test or component and output parameters that pass values from your test or component to external sources. The default value is an empty string. o Any—A variant value type.2 Test Parameters In the Parameters tab of Test Settings. When you specify a value of Any type. if you intend to use the value later as a string. 5. which accepts any of the above value types. for example.60761011. If you are editing an existing value. The parameter is removed from the list. If you select a Password value type. The default value is 0. click in the Default Value box and enter a default value for the parameter or you can leave the default value provided by QuickTest for the parameter value type. Select the parameter you want to modify from the Input parameters or Output parameters list. Click the Delete button . 10. o To modify an existing action parameter: 1.doc o QTP Frame Work Number—Any positive or negative number. The default value is required so that you can run the action without receiving parameter values from elsewhere in the test. QuickTest automatically encloses it in quotation marks. The default value is an empty string.

• Output parameters—Specifies the parameters that pass values to sources that are external to the test or component. You can add and delete input and output parameters for your test or component using the parameter control buttons: Option Description Confidential Page 62 of 100 .doc QTP Frame Work The Parameters tab contains two parameter lists: Input parameters—Specifies the parameters that receive values from sources that are external to the test or component.60761011. • You can edit an existing parameter by selecting it in the appropriate list and modifying its details.

Using Test or Component Parameters Once you have defined test or component parameters. enter a default value for the parameter in the Default Value column. Defining Values for Input Parameters When the test or component runs. Throughout the test run. the purpose of the parameter in the component. These variables are saved with the test and are accessible only within the test in which they were defined. for example. unless you change the value of the variable programmatically in your script. you insert them in your test or component by specifying the test or component parameter name with the Parameter reserved object. You can create or modify internal. Removes the selected parameter from the test or component.60761011. Enter a name for the new parameter and select the parameter type. You define test or component parameters in the same way you define action parameters. QuickTest uses the default value for each defined input parameter if a specific value has not been defined for the parameter in either QuickTest or Quality Center. which is a list of variables and corresponding values that can be accessed from your test. regardless of the number of iterations. input parameter values for tests and components are taken from in the Input Parameters tab of the Run dialog box. 10. the value of an environment variable remains the same. When you run a test or business component from QuickTest. Confidential Page 63 of 100 . You can enter a description for the parameter. If you are defining an input parameter. user-defined environment variables for your test in the Environment tab of the Test Settings dialog box or in the Parameter Options dialog box.3 Environment Variables QuickTest can insert a value from the Environment variable list. in the format: Parameter("ParameterName").doc QTP Frame Work Adds a parameter to the appropriate parameter list. There are three types of environment variables: • User-Defined Internal—variables that you define within the test.

Note that external environment variable values are designated as read-only within the test. You can subsequently retrieve these values and use them as input at a different stage in the run session. and their types. are defined in the Action Properties dialog box. the default value that is specified in the Action Properties dialog box is used. These variables are accessible from all tests. You use the Parameter Values tab of the Action Call Properties dialog box to specify the values of input action parameters used by the called action and to specify the locations in which you want to store output action parameter values. • User-Defined External—variables that you predefine in the active external environment variables file. You can create as many files as you want and select an appropriate file for each test. such as Test path and Operating system.4 Variable passing from one Action to another QuickTest enables you to retrieve values in your test or component and to store them as output values. Note: QuickTest also has a set of predefined environment variables that you can use to set the values of the Record and Run Settings dialog options. You can also parameterize the value used for a particular input action parameter using any available parameter type. or change files for each test run.60761011. Confidential Page 64 of 100 . You can pass variables from one action to another by setting Action Call Parameter Values. The actual input and output action parameters that an action can receive or return. which retrieve values during the test run and output them to internal environment variable parameters for use in your test. You should not use the names of these variables for any other purpose. If you do not set a value for an input action parameter in the Action Call Properties dialog box. and are designated as read-only. 10.doc QTP Frame Work Tip: You can also create environment output values. • Built-in—variables that represent information about the test and the computer on which the test is run.

doc QTP Frame Work You can specify a location in which to store the output action parameter values. In the Output parameters area. To specify a location in which to store an output action parameter value: 1. which can be used in the called action. Confidential Page 65 of 100 . click in the Store In box for the parameter and enter a variable name.60761011.

then the value is stored in a runtime variable for the duration of the run session. When you insert a call to a copy of an action. You can accept the default name assigned to the variable or enter a different variable name. a Data Table parameter. If you change the action parameters defined for an action. you can click the output storage button in the Store In box to open the Storage Location Options dialog box in which you can specify a location for storing the output value. Repeat this procedure for each output action parameter value in the list. 2. or an environment parameter. 10. the copy of the action is inserted with the action parameters and action call parameter values that were Confidential Page 66 of 100 . the actual values specified for input action parameters and the locations specified for action output parameters can be different for each call to the action. Alternatively.doc QTP Frame Work If we choose variable to store the value. However. and then view the action properties for a call to that same action in a different part of the test. You can select to store the value in a test or action parameter. An action's parameters are stored with the action and are the same for all calls to that action.60761011.5 Scope of Variables Mainly there are two types of variables: action parameters and environment variables. you can see the action parameters have changed.

or change files for each test run. Note that external environment variable values are designated as read-only within the test. The action call values for the second action are taken from the default values of that action's parameters. When you split an action. These variables are accessible from all tests. Environment variables can be accessed from your test. unless you change the value of the variable programmatically in your script. You can create as many files as you want and select an appropriate file for each test. the action parameters are copied to both actions.  Built-in—variables that represent information about the test and the computer on which the test is run. the value of an environment variable remains the same. These variables are saved with the test and are accessible only within the test in which they were defined.doc QTP Frame Work defined for the action you copied. user-defined environment variables for your test in the Environment tab of the Test Settings dialog box or in the Parameter Options dialog box. Throughout the test run. such as Test path and Operating system.60761011. and are designated as read-only. There are three types of environment variables:  User-Defined Internal—variables that you define within the test.  User-Defined External—variables that you predefine in the active external environment variables file. You can create or modify internal. Confidential Page 67 of 100 . regardless of the number of iterations.

you can check that a radio button is activated after it is selected or you can check the value of an edit field. consider a Web site that can display a map of a city the user specifies. Note: Standard checkpoints are supported for all add-in environments • Image Checkpoint checks the value of an image in the application or Web page. combo boxes. We can record the new map that is displayed after one click on the control key that zooms in the map. For example. For example. 11. we can check that the map zooms in correctly.1 Types of Checkpoints In QTP the following types of checkpoints can be inserted to check various objects in a Web site or application. lists. we can check that a selected image's source file is correct. For example. Using the bitmap checkpoint. radio buttons. Confidential Page 68 of 100 . Check Points A checkpoint is a verification point that compares a current value for a specified property with the expected value for that property. The standard checkpoint checks a variety of objects such as buttons. Note: Bitmap checkpoints are supported for all add-in environments • Table Checkpoint checks information within a table. The map has control keys for zooming. etc.60761011. • Standard Checkpoint checks the property value of an object in your application or Web page.doc QTP Frame Work 11. Image checkpoints are supported only for the Web environment • Bitmap Checkpoint checks an area of a Web page or an application as a bitmap. You can add a table checkpoint to check that the time of the first flight in the table is correct. For example. suppose an application or Web site contains a table listing all available flights from New York to San Francisco. Note: Image checkpoint can be created by inserting a standard checkpoint on an image object.

1 of the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines requires you to provide a text equivalent for every non-text element. • Text Checkpoint checks that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place in the application or a Web page. consider an application or Web page that displays the sentence Flight departing from New York to San Francisco. You can add an Alt property check to check whether objects that require the Alt property under this guideline. Text area checkpoints are supported for Standard Windows. You can create a text area checkpoint to confirm that the number displayed on the button is the same as the number entered in the form. do in fact have this tag. you can check how long a Web page takes to load or whether a Web page contains broken links. Visual Basic. Table checkpoints are supported for Web and ActiveX environments & for many other external add-in environments. guideline 1. Accessibility checkpoints are supported for the Web environment • Page Checkpoint checks the characteristics of a Web page. • Accessibility Checkpoint identifies areas of your Web site that may not conform to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. Text checkpoints are supported for all add-in environments • Text Area Checkpoint checks that a text string is displayed within a defined area in a Windows application. Page checkpoints are supported for the Web environment Confidential Page 69 of 100 . Note: You create a page checkpoint by inserting a standard checkpoint on a page object. and ActiveX add-in environments Text area checkpoints are also supported for some external add-in environments. For example.60761011. suppose your Visual Basic application has a button that says View Doc <Num>. For example. where <Num> is replaced by the four digit code entered in a form elsewhere in the application.doc QTP Frame Work Note: You create a table checkpoint by inserting a standard checkpoint on a table object. For example. We can create a text checkpoint that checks that the words "New York" are displayed between "Flight departing from" and "to San Francisco". according to specified criteria. For example.

you can use a database checkpoint to check the contents of a database containing flight information for your Web site. Database checkpoints are supported by all environments.60761011. XML checkpoints (file) are supported by all environments For more specific information refer to Checkpoints Adding checkpoints in a test in QTP There are several ways to add checkpoints.2 Output Values for Verification The following are the categories of output values that can be created: • • • • • Standard Output Values Text Output Values Text Area Output Values Database Output Values XML Output Values For more information refer to Checkpoints Adding output values in a test in QTP Confidential Page 70 of 100 . For example. XML checkpoints (Web page/frame) are supported for the Web environment. • • To add checkpoints while recording To add a checkpoint while editing the test For more information refer to Checkpoints 11.doc QTP Frame Work • Database Checkpoint checks the contents of a database accessed by your Web site. • XML Checkpoint checks the data content of XML documents in XML files or XML documents in Web pages and frames.

doc • • QTP Frame Work To add checkpoints while recording To add a checkpoint while editing the test For more information refer to Checkpoints Output Values Properties Dialog Box The Output Value Properties dialog box enables you to choose which property values to output and to define the settings for each value that you select. Note: If you insert an output value on a Web page. the Page Output Value Properties dialog box opens. HTML verification and All objects in page. These options are relevant only for checkpoints and are disabled when defining output values.60761011. This dialog except that it contains two additional option areas. The output values can be output to either of these locations: • • Global\Local Sheet Environment variables Confidential Page 71 of 100 .

doc • Action\Test Parameter. Reusable Library Description Confidential Page 72 of 100 .60761011. QTP Frame Work This option is given in the output options dialog box 12.

subroutine. We can also edit the list of associated library files for an existing test in the Test Settings dialog box. library. and then associate the files with our test. subroutines. a) Functions i. User defined We can specify the default library files for all new tests in the Test Settings dialog box (Test > Settings > Resources tab). but invaluable. We can call any VBScript function. etc.. Defining Resource Settings for Your Test Confidential Page 73 of 100 . Note that once a test is created. thus saving the considerable time and effort it can take to generate new software. The reusable library was designed with reuse very much in mind. 12.60761011. the authors go on to consider how the components that may be found could be used. contained within any library file that is associated with our test.doc QTP Frame Work When forming a new product the traditional engineer can take advantage of ready-made subassemblies. 12. making it essentially a small. etc. the list of files specified in the Test Settings dialog box is independent of the files set as default in the Test Settings dialog box..1 Introduction In QTP we can create VBScript library files containing VBScript functions. classes. Any text file written in standard VBScript syntax can act as a library file. Starting with an introduction to software reuse and a discussion of its feasibility. reusable software components offer the same possibilities. Built-In ii. To the test engineer. Changes to the default library files list in the Test. the same components can be incorporated into many whole new systems.2 How to establish a Reusable Library a. modules.

We can also set the currently associated library files and object repository settings as the default settings for all new tests.60761011. from an action in your test or from an associated library file by inserting an ExecuteFile statement in our action or library file. b. and to specify the object repository mode and file to use for our test. the ExecuteFile statement executes all global code in the specified file in order to make all definitions in the file available from the global scope of the action's (or library file's) script. To execute an externally-defined function: Confidential Page 74 of 100 .doc QTP Frame Work We can use the Resources tab of the Test Settings dialog box to associate specific files with your test. subroutines. such as VBScript library files and Data Table files. When we run our test. classes. etc. Executing Externally-Defined Functions from Your Test We can create a VBScript file and call its functions..

3 How to use this Reusable Library.doc QTP Frame Work 1. 13.. classes.60761011. Add an ExecuteFile statement to an action in your test or in an associated library file using the following syntax: ExecuteFile FileName where FileName is the absolute or relative path of our VBScript file. Regular Expressions 13. 1. from the specified VBScript file as necessary in your action or within other functions in an associated library file. Use the functions. subroutines. etc. Store the file in any folder that you can access from the machine running your test. 12. 3. 2. Create a VBScript file using standard VBScript syntax.1 Description Confidential Page 75 of 100 .

if it is otherwise a special character. To indicate that the period is not part of a regular expression. A series of periods indicates the same number of unspecified characters. A regular expression is a string that specifies a complex search phrase.|\n) 3. By using special characters we define the conditions of the search. To match any single character including \n. The backslash (\) can also instruct Quick Test to recognize certain ordinary characters as special characters. 1968. or welcome followed by a space or any other single character. welcomed. write: 196[789] 4. or 1969. Matching Any Single Character A period (. For example. Matching Any Single Character Not in a List Page 76 of 100 Confidential .com The period would be mistaken as an indication of a regular expression. matches welcomes. Matching Any Single Character in a List Square brackets instruct QuickTest to search for any single character within a list of characters. you would write it as follows: mercurytours\.mercuryinteractive\. The most common expressions that can be used to create regular expressions are: 1.60761011. consider a Web site called: mercurytours. enter: (. For example.mercuryinteractive. to search for the date 1967. Regular Expressions enable Quick Test to identify objects and text strings with varying values. For example: welcome. Using the Backslash Character A backslash (\) instructs Quick Test to treat the next character as a literal character.com 2. To increase the flexibility and adaptability of the tests we use regular expressions.) instructs Quick Test to search for any single character (except for \n).doc QTP Frame Work While creating checkpoints we have an option only to search or check for a specific text string or a specific value of a property.

and cr. 7. 10. 8. Matching the Beginning of a Line Confidential Page 77 of 100 . Matching Any Single Character within a Range In order to match a single character within a range. to match any year in the 1960s.doc QTP Frame Work When a caret (^) is the first character inside square brackets. just as in mathematics and programming languages. write: 196[0-9] A hyphen does not signify a range if it is displayed as the first or last character within brackets. For instance. fo(o|b)ar causes Quick Test to match either fooar or fobar.60761011. For example: ca?r matches car and cr. Matching One of Several Regular Expressions A vertical line (|) instructs QuickTest to match one of a choice of expressions. For example: foo|bar causes QuickTest to match either foo or bar. For example. For example: ca*r matches car. 11. Matching One or More Specific Characters A plus sign (+) instructs QuickTest to match one or more occurrences of the preceding character. 5. but nothing else. Matching Zero or More Specific Characters An asterisk (*) instructs QuickTest to match zero or more occurrences of the preceding character. For example: [^ab] matches any character except a or b. but not cr. + . { } ). For example: ca+r matches car and caaaaaar. 9. you can use square brackets ([ ]) with the hyphen (-) character. Using groups is especially useful for delimiting the argument(s) to an alternation operator ( | ) or a repetition operator ( * . caaaaaar. Matching Zero or One Specific Character A question mark (?) instructs Quick Test to match zero or one occurrences of the preceding character. Grouping Regular Expressions Parentheses (()) instruct Quick Test to treat the contained sequence as a unit. ? . it instructs QuickTest to match any character in the list except for the ones specified in the string. [-a-z] matches a hyphen or any lowercase letter. 6. or after a caret (^).

and the underscore (_). etc. while a string that is followed by ($). You can use a combination of brackets and an asterisk to limit the search to a combination of non-numeric characters. For example: book matches book within the lines—book. $.60761011.* matches start. For example: [a-zA-Z]* Creating checkpoints with Regular Expressions Confidential Page 78 of 100 . or after a newline character. _). %. 14. For example: \w{3} causes Quick Test to match 3 occurrences of the alphanumeric characters AZ. a-z. 0-9. you can combine the `. Combining Regular Expression Operators You can combine regular expression operators in a single expression to achieve the exact search criteria you need. 0-9. while ^book Matches book only in the lines—book and book list 12. matches only lines ending in that string. It matches Ab.Matching Any AlphaNumeric Character Including the Underscore \w instructs QuickTest to match any alphanumeric character and the underscore (A-Z. Matching Any Non-AlphaNumeric Character \W instructs QuickTest to match any character other than alphanumeric characters and underscores. r9Cj. starter. ^. a-z. Matching the End of a Line A dollar sign ($) instructs Quick Test to match the expression only at the end of a line. starting. 13. *. It matches Ab4. For example: \w* causes QuickTest to match zero or more occurrences of the alphanumeric characters—A-Z. 15. and # . my book. or z_M. start. or before a new line character. or 12_uYLgeu_435. For example: \W matches &. and book list. For example. a-z. and book list. and the underscore (_). r9_.doc QTP Frame Work A caret (^) instructs QuickTest to match the expression only at the start of a line.' and `*' characters in order to find zero or more occurrences of any character (except \n). For example: book$ Matches book only in the line—my book. For example: book Matches book within the lines—my book. For example. started. 0-9.

1.60761011. For more information on creating checkpoints with regular expressions refer Regular Expressions Analyzing a Test with Regular Expressions When the test run is completed.doc QTP Frame Work Regular expressions are generally used in the context of creating checkpoints to check a range of values. The checkpoint passed because the text was displayed in the format specified by the regular expression. In the results tree. 12 Select CheckPoint "Fax Order No\. expand (+) Test RegExpression Summary > RegExpression Iteration 1 (Row 1) > Action1 Summary > Flight Reservations > Fax Order No. [0-9][0-9]". Confidential Page 79 of 100 . Examine the checkpoint results. the Test Results window opens.

a window that may pop up on screen. For example. For example. A recovery scenario consists of the following:  Trigger Event—The event that interrupts your test run. This is a problem particularly when running tests unattended—the test is suspended until you perform the action needed to recover.60761011. and application crashes during a test run can disrupt your test and distort test results. You can prioritize the scenarios associated with your test to ensure that trigger events are recognized and handled in the required order. A recovery scenario file is a logical collection of recovery scenarios. Recovery scenarios are saved in recovery scenario files.  Recovery Operation(s)—The operation(s) that need to be performed in order to continue running the test. The Recovery Scenario Manager provides a wizard that guides you through the process of defining a recovery scenario—a definition of an unexpected event and the operation(s) necessary to recover the test run. you must first associate it with that test. Unexpected events. Recovery Scenario You can instruct Quick Test to recover from unexpected events and errors that occur in your testing environment during a test run. clicking an OK button in a pop-up window. For example. or restarting Microsoft Windows. errors. To instruct Quick Test to perform a recovery scenario during a test run. grouped according to your own specific requirements. and from which point in the test Quick Test should continue.  Post-Recovery Test Run Option—The instructions on how Quick Test should proceed once the recovery operations have been performed. or a Quick Test test run error. if at all. Confidential Page 80 of 100 . or skip a test step entirely and continue with the next step in the test. A test can have any number of recovery scenarios associated with it.doc QTP Frame Work 14. you may want to restart a test from the beginning. you can instruct Quick Test to detect a Printer out of paper message and recover the test run by clicking the OK button to close the message and continue the test. For example.

If you are using a new recovery file. You can create a new recovery file or edit an existing one.doc QTP Frame Work When you run a test for which you have defined recovery scenarios and an error occurs. Choose the folder in which you want to save the file. you need to save the recovery file. Note: If you choose On error in the Activate recovery scenarios box in the Recovery tab of the Test Settings dialog box. If you chose this option and need to recover from an unexpected event or error that may occur in the last step. 14. Confidential Page 81 of 100 . If a trigger event has occurred. You create recovery scenarios using the Recovery Scenario Wizard. You can also control and activate your recovery scenarios during the test run by inserting Recovery statements into your test. If you added or modified scenarios in an existing recovery file. Tip: You can also click the arrow to the right of the Save button and select Save As to save the recovery file under a different name. you of a test can do this by adding an extra step to the end of your test. the recovery file and its scenarios are saved. You then save the recovery scenarios in a recovery file. Click the Save button . Quick Test looks for the defined trigger event(s) that caused the error. For more information on creating a Recovery File refer to Creating a Recovery File Saving the Recovery Scenario in a Recovery File After you create or modify a recovery scenario in a recovery file using the Recovery Scenario Wizard. the Save Attachment dialog box opens. the recovery mechanism does not handle triggers that occur in the last step of a test.1 Exceptional Handling using Recovery Scenarios The Recovery Scenario Manager dialog box enables you to create recovery scenarios and save them in recovery files. Creating a Recovery File You save your recovery scenarios in a recovery file. which leads you through the process of defining each of the stages of the recovery scenario. To save a new or modified recovery file: 1. and associate them with a specific test or tests. 2. Quick Test performs the corresponding recovery and post-recovery operations. A recovery file is a convenient way to organize and store multiple recovery scenarios together.60761011.

and you click the Close button in the Recovery Scenario Manager dialog box. The recovery file is saved in the specified location with the file extension . Quick Test prompts you to save the recovery file. Indicates that the recovery scenario is triggered when the property values Confidential Page 82 of 100 . The Recovery Scenario Manager contains the following recovery scenario icons: Icon Description Indicates that the recovery scenario is triggered when a window pops up in an open application during the test run. you can use the Recovery Scenario Manager to manage them. the recovery file and its scenarios are saved.60761011.qrs.doc QTP Frame Work 3. Click Yes. and you click Yes to the message prompt. Tip: If you have not yet saved the recovery file. Type a name for the file in the File name box. If you added or modified scenarios in an existing recovery file. and proceed with step 2 above. Managing Recovery Scenarios Once you have created recovery scenarios.

To view recovery scenario properties: 1 In the Scenarios box. The Recovery Scenario Properties dialog box displays the following read-only information about the selected scenario: Confidential Page 83 of 100 .60761011. Indicates that the recovery scenario is triggered when a step in the test does not run successfully.doc QTP Frame Work of an object in an application match specified values. select the recovery scenario whose properties you want to view. Indicates that the recovery scenario is triggered when an open application fails during the test run. The Recovery Scenario Properties dialog box opens. 2 Click the Properties button . The Recovery Scenario Manager enables you to manage existing scenarios by:  Viewing Recovery Scenario Properties  Modifying Recovery Scenarios  Deleting Recovery Scenarios  Copying Recovery Scenarios between Recovery Scenario Files Viewing Recovery Scenario Properties You can view properties for any defined recovery scenario. you can double-click a scenario in the Scenarios box. Alternatively.

To copy a recovery scenario from one recovery scenario file to another: 1 In the Scenarios box. When you delete a recovery scenario from the Recovery Scenario Manager. select the scenario that you want to delete. Modifying Recovery Scenarios You can modify the settings for an existing recovery scenario. Deleting Recovery Scenarios You can delete an existing recovery scenario if you no longer need it. Copying Recovery Scenarios between Recovery Scenario Files You can copy recovery scenarios from one recovery scenario file to another. The recovery scenario is deleted. Quick Test ignores it during the test run. with the settings you defined for the selected recovery scenario. the corresponding information is deleted from the recovery scenario file. Note: If a deleted recovery scenario is associated with a test. Page 84 of 100 Confidential . 3 Navigate through the Recovery Scenario Wizard and modify the details as needed. select the recovery scenario that you want to copy.60761011. plus the name and path of the recovery file in which the scenario is saved. select the scenario that you want to modify.doc QTP Frame Work  General tab—Displays the name and description defined for the recovery scenario. 2 Click the Copy button .  Recovery operation tab—Displays the recovery operation(s) defined for the recovery scenario.  Post-Recovery Operation tab—Displays the post-recovery operation defined for the recovery scenario. The Recovery Scenario Wizard opens. 2 Click the Edit button . 2 Click the Delete button . The scenario is copied to the Clipboard. To delete a recovery scenario: 1 In the Scenarios box.  Trigger Event tab—Displays the settings for the trigger event defined for the recovery scenario. To modify a recovery scenario: 1 In the Scenarios box.

When a trigger event occurs. displaying read-only information regarding the settings for the selected scenario. Alternatively. You can also choose to disable specific scenarios. 4 Click the Paste button . To view recovery scenario properties: 1 In the Scenarios box. Tip: When a trigger event occurs.doc 3 Click the Open button QTP Frame Work and select the recovery scenario file to which you want to create a new recovery scenario to copy the scenario. The Recovery Scenario Properties dialog box opens. or all scenarios. 2 Click the Properties button . or click the New button file in which to copy the scenario. Note: If a scenario with the same name already exists in the recovery scenario file.60761011. Setting the Recovery Scenarios List for Your Tests After you have created recovery scenarios. select the recovery scenario whose properties you want to view. Quick Test checks for applicable recovery scenarios in the order in which they are displayed in the Recovery tab. you can associate one or more scenarios with a test in order to instruct Quick Test to perform the recovery scenario(s) during the test run if a trigger event occurs. The Recovery tab of the Test Settings dialog box lists all the recovery scenarios associated with the current test. that are associated with a test. You can change this order as described in “Setting Recovery Scenario Priorities” For more information on “adding a recovery scenario to a test” refer to Adding Recovery Scenario to a Test Viewing Recovery Scenario Properties You can view properties for any recovery scenario associated with your test. you associate them with selected tests so that Quick Test will perform the appropriate scenario(s) during the test runs if a trigger event occurs. You can also define which recovery scenarios will be used as the default scenarios for all new tests. Quick Test checks for applicable recovery Confidential Page 85 of 100 . Setting Recovery Scenario Priorities You can specify the order in which Quick Test performs associated scenarios during a test run. Adding Recovery Scenarios to Your Test After you have created recovery scenarios. The scenario is copied to the new recovery scenario file. You can prioritize the scenarios and set the order in which Quick Test applies the scenarios during the test run. you can double-click a scenario in the Scenarios box. you can choose whether you want to replace it with the new scenario you have just copied.

but Quick Test will no longer perform the scenario during a test run. 3 Repeat steps 1-2 for each scenario whose priority you want to change. The selected scenario is no longer associated with the test. When you disable a specific scenario. select the scenario you want to remove.doc QTP Frame Work scenarios in the order in which they are displayed in the Recovery tab of the Test Settings dialog box. You can enable the scenario at a later time. a step that selects a check box may cause a pop-up dialog box to open. 2 Click the Up or Down button . Quick Test moves to the next step because it successfully performed the check box selection Confidential Page 86 of 100 . For example. the scenario itself still exists. Although the pop-up dialog box is defined as a trigger event.60761011.  On error—The recovery mechanism is activated only after steps that return an error return value. Enabling and Disabling Recovery Scenarios You can enable or disable specific scenarios and determine when Quick Test activates the recovery scenario mechanism in the Recovery tab of the Test Settings dialog box. Removing Recovery Scenarios from Your Test You can remove the association between a specific scenario and a test using the Recovery tab of the Test Settings dialog box. 2 Click the Remove button . After you remove a scenario from a test. The selected scenario’s priority changes according to your selection. select the scenario whose priority you want to change. To enable/disable specific recovery scenarios:  Select the check box to the left of one or more individual scenarios to enable them. To remove a recovery scenario from your test: 1 In the Scenarios box. Note that the step that returns an error is often not the same as the step that causes the exception event to occur. To set recovery scenario priorities: 1 In the Scenarios box. To define when the recovery mechanism is activated: Select one of the following options in the Activate recovery scenarios box:  Always—The recovery mechanism is activated after every step. but is not performed by Quick Test during the test run. it remains associated with the test.  Clear the check box to the left of one or more individual scenarios to disable them.

the current step is this tenth step.60761011. and do not change the default list that you defined. it is this tenth step that returns an error and triggers the recovery mechanism to close the dialog box. In this case. take a new recovery scenario. and not the step that caused the trigger event.  Never—The recovery mechanism is disabled.doc QTP Frame Work step. functions or other conditional or looping statements that do not require performing operations on your application. in the “Select Trigger Event” screen of Recovery Scenario Wizard. The next several steps could potentially perform checkpoints. After the recovery operation is completed.2 Sample for Recovery Scenario: For adding a recovery Scenario: Let us take an example of a popup window exception. select “pop-up window” Radio button as shown below. 14. It may only be ten statements later that a step instructs Quick Test to perform an operation on the application that it cannot perform due to the pop-up dialog box. when we give wrong password in the login dialog box then we get the following popup window: In order to handle this. Setting Default Recovery Scenario Settings for All New Tests You can click the Set as Default button in the Recovery tab of the Test Settings dialog box to set the current list of recovery scenarios to be the default scenarios for all new tests. In Flight Application. Any future changes you make to the current recovery scenario list only affect the current test. Confidential Page 87 of 100 .

then details of the pop-up window appears as follows: Confidential Page 88 of 100 . we can specify Pop-up window condition.doc QTP Frame Work In the next screen.60761011. by spying the popup window.

then in the next step select “Press ENTER Key” radio button. In the recovery operation screen select “keyboard or mouse operation” radio button.60761011. In the next screen select “Add another recovery operation” check box as given below: Confidential Page 89 of 100 .doc QTP Frame Work then in the next step.

We can add the Recovery Scenario to our test while we create a new Recovery Scenario by checking the “add Scenario to current test” check box in “Completing the Recovery Scenario Wizard” screen of Recovery Scenario Wizard. In the “Post-Recovery Test Run Options” screen select “Repeat current step and Continue” radio button. Adding a Recovery scenario into the Test: We can add the Recovery Scenario to our test in two ways. 1.doc QTP Frame Work then in the next step. give a name to the recovery scenario. Confidential Page 90 of 100 . In the recovery operation screen select “function call” radio button Specify the path and name of the library file which has the appropriate function for entering the password and clicking “ok” button of “Login” dialog box. thus the recovery will be created.60761011.

Confidential Page 91 of 100 .doc QTP Frame Work 2.60761011. The other way to add Recovery Scenario to our test is by adding the required scenario file in the recovery tab of Test Settings Dialog box.

doc QTP Frame Work Confidential Page 92 of 100 .60761011.

QuickTest does not necessarily abort the test run. for those objects QTP by default sets as optional. If a dialog box may or may not appear at a particular instanse then that dialog box actions performed can be set as optional. those objects are as follows: Dialog boxes with title bar as Auto Complete File Download Internet Explorer Netscape Enter Network Password Error Security Alert Security Information Security Warning Username and Password Required Confidential Page 93 of 100 . QuickTest automatically marks as optional steps that open certain dialog boxes.1 Description: When running a test. if the screen or dialog box doesn’t appear or will continue the normal flow. Default Optional Steps: There are some default objects. Optional Steps 15.60761011. It bypasses any step designated "optional" and continues running the test. if a step does not succeed in opening a dialog box.doc QTP Frame Work 15. which QTP recognizes as optional. By default. You can manually designate additional steps as optional. so that it proceeds to the next step.

doc QTP Frame Work Setting Optional Steps: There are two ways of setting Optional steps: 1.Link("link_name") Confidential Page 94 of 100 .60761011. 2. Example: OptionalStep.Browser("browser_name"). The Optional Step icon will be added next to the selected step. You can also add an optional step from the Expert View by adding OptionalStep to the beginning of the VBScript statement.Page("page_n ame"). We can directly Right-click a step in the Keyword View and choose Optional Step.

choose Start > Programs > QuickTest Professional > Test Results Viewer. Reporting The process of reporting is to customize the test results. To open the Test Results window.doc QTP Frame Work 16. and add the appropriate comments and reports to the test results to increase the readability of it. the Test Results window opens when a test run is completed. By default. Test Results Window After a test run. The Test Results window contains the following key elements: Menu bar—Displays menus of available commands. Test results toolbar—Contains buttons for viewing test results (choose View > Test Results Toolbar to display the toolbar). Note: You can open the Test Results window as a standalone application from the Start menu. • • Confidential Page 95 of 100 . Reporting can be done in various formats. we view the results in the Test Results window.60761011.

• On Errors – adds screen shots only on occurrence of error • On Errors and Warnings – adds on both errors and warnings. • Active Screen—Shows the active screen of the particular window or step in the results.doc • QTP Frame Work Test results tree—Contains a graphic representation of the test results in the test results tree. 16. • Test results details—Contains details of the selected step. Confidential Page 96 of 100 .1 Different Options for Reporting There are 3 options for screen capture the screens to the results: • Always – adds screen shots to the results for every step. thus selection of “Always” option should be done only if the client wants to view all the screen shots for reference during review. • Never Note: If “Always” option is selected then the result file will occupy lots of memory.60761011.

ReportEvent EventStatus. the test fails. 2 or micDone: Sends a message to the report without affecting the pass/fail status of the test. 3 or micWarning: Sends a warning message to the report. or Confidential Page 97 of 100 . 12". 1 or micFail: Causes the status of this step to be failed and sends the specified message to the report. Description of the report event. and does not affect the pass/fail status of the test. Name of the intended step in the report (object name).2 Functions used for Reporting 1.60761011.doc QTP Frame Work 16. EventStatus Number or pre-defined constant ReportStepName String Details in Example String N/A The following example uses the Report Event method to report that the checkpoint on this window has passed. When this step runs. 4 or micInfo: Applies an information status (and icon) to the step."Fax Order No. The string will be displayed in the step details frame in the test report . Syntax: Reporter. in] Argument Type Description Status of the report step: 0 or micPass: Causes the status of this step to be passed and sends the specified message to the report. You can use this method to completely disable or enable reporting of steps following the statement. Filter Property Retrieves or sets the current mode for displaying events in the Test Results. ReportStepName."The check point for this window has passed " 2. ReportEvent Method Reports an event to the Test Reports. Reporter. Not in use. Details [. but does not cause the test to stop running. This status does not affect the pass/fail status of the test.ReportEvent 0.

Confidential Page 98 of 100 .ReportEvent micGeneral.ReportEvent micGeneral. ReportPath Property Retrieves the folder path in which the current test's Test Results are stored. "4". "" Reporter. "2". "3". No events are displayed in the Test Results. " 3. Only events with a fail status are displayed in the Test Results.ReportEvent micGeneral. "" Reporter.ReportEvent micGeneral. Example The following example uses the Filter method to report the following events in the Test Results: 1. "1". 2. 5. "5". "6". Only event with a warning or fail status are displayed in the Test Results.60761011.doc QTP Frame Work you can indicate that you only want subsequent failed or failed and warning steps to be included in the report. "" Reporter.Filter = NewMode The mode can be one of the following values: Mode 0 or rfEnableAll 1 or rfEnableErrorsAndWarnings 2 or rfEnableErrorsOnly 3 or rfDisableAll Description Default. Syntax: To retrieve the mode setting: CurrentMode = Reporter. "" Reporter. Reporter.ReportEvent micGeneral. All reported events are displayed in the Test Results.Filter To set the mode: Reporter. "" Reporter.ReportEvent micGeneral.Filter = rfDisableAll Reporter.Filter = rfEnableAll Reporter. and 6.

in which all the objects are stored in a hierarchy in .xml format.3 Reporting Formats The results of the QTP runs are stored in the Results folder.60761011. This is useful in transfer of the results information across platforms. Confidential Page 99 of 100 . dim Path Path = Reporter. which must be specified before starting the test run. The following example uses the ReportPath method to retrieve the folder in which the test's Test Results are stored and displays the folder in a message box. The results are stored in 2 types of formats: • QTP format – this is the format in which the results are displayed in the test window.ReportPath Argument Type Path Example QTP Frame Work Description String The folder path in which the current test's Test Results are stored.doc Syntax Path = Reporter. opens with QTP • XML format – the results are also stored in XML file. since it is based on simple Unicode format.ReportPath MsgBox (Path) 16.

doc QTP Frame Work Fig: results in XML format Confidential Page 100 of 100 .60761011.

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