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BTS3900A GSM V300R008

Product Description

Issue Date Part Number

03 2008-07-15

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Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but the statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Contents

Contents
About This Document.....................................................................................................................1 1 System Structure of the BTS3900A.........................................................................................1-1 2 Overview of the BTS3900A......................................................................................................2-1
2.1 Marketing Orientation of the BTS3900A........................................................................................................2-2 2.2 Structure of the BTS3900A Cabinet...............................................................................................................2-2 2.3 Logical Structure of the BTS3900A................................................................................................................2-7 2.4 Software Structure of the BTS........................................................................................................................2-8

3 Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900A.......................................................................3-1 4 Monitoring System of the BTS3900A.....................................................................................4-1 5 Reference Clocks of the BTS3900/BTS3900A........................................................................5-1 6 Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A.................................................................................6-1 7 Topologies of the BTS...............................................................................................................7-1 8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A.............................................................................8-1
8.1 Configuration Principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A....................................................................................8-2 8.2 RF Signal Cable Connections of the DRFU....................................................................................................8-7 8.3 Topology of DRFUs Connected by CPRI Cables.........................................................................................8-14 8.4 Typical Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A.....................................................................................8-16

9 OM System of the BTS..............................................................................................................9-1
9.1 OM Modes of the BTS....................................................................................................................................9-2 9.2 OM Functions of the BTS...............................................................................................................................9-6

10 Technical Specifications of the BTS3900A........................................................................10-1
10.1 Capacity Specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A.................................................................................10-2 10.2 RF Specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A..........................................................................................10-2 10.3 Engineering Specifications of the BTS3900A............................................................................................10-3 10.4 Surge Protection Specifications of the BTS3900A.....................................................................................10-5 10.5 Physical Ports of the BTS3900A.................................................................................................................10-5 10.6 Compliance Standards of the BTS3900/BTS3900A...................................................................................10-8 10.7 Environmental Requirements of the BTS3900A......................................................................................10-10 10.7.1 Environmental Requirements for Operating the BTS3900A...........................................................10-10 Issue 03 (2008-07-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd i

Contents

BTS3900A GSM Product Description 10.7.2 Environmental Requirements for Transporting the BTS3900A......................................................10-12 10.7.3 Environmental Requirements for Storing the BTS3900A...............................................................10-15

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figures

Figures
Figure 1-1 BTS3900A system architecture..........................................................................................................1-1 Figure 2-1 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (1).............................................................................2-3 Figure 2-2 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (2).............................................................................2-4 Figure 2-3 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (3).............................................................................2-5 Figure 2-4 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (4).............................................................................2-6 Figure 2-5 Logical Structure of the BTS3900A...................................................................................................2-7 Figure 2-6 Software structure of the BTS............................................................................................................2-8 Figure 3-1 Power distribution of the BTS3900A.................................................................................................3-1 Figure 4-1 Monitoring ports of the BBU..............................................................................................................4-1 Figure 4-2 Structure of the monitoring system....................................................................................................4-2 Figure 6-1 DL traffic signal flow.........................................................................................................................6-1 Figure 6-2 UL traffic signal flow.........................................................................................................................6-2 Figure 6-3 Signaling flow.....................................................................................................................................6-3 Figure 7-1 Star topology of the BTS....................................................................................................................7-1 Figure 7-2 Chain topology of the BTS.................................................................................................................7-1 Figure 7-3 Tree topology of the BTS...................................................................................................................7-2 Figure 7-4 Ring topology of the BTS...................................................................................................................7-2 Figure 7-5 Regroupment for disconnection in the ring topology.........................................................................7-5 Figure 8-1 Slots of the BBU.................................................................................................................................8-7 Figure 8-2 Mapping between the RF signal cables and their colors....................................................................8-8 Figure 8-3 Connections of RF cables for S1 (without transmit diversity/with transmit diversity)/S2 (without transmit diversity).................................................................................................................................................8-9 Figure 8-4 Connections of RF cables for S2 (PBT)/S3 (without transmit diversity)/S4 (without transmit diversity) .............................................................................................................................................................................8-10 Figure 8-5 Connections of RF signal cables for S2 (4-way receive diversity)..................................................8-11 Figure 8-6 Connections of RF cables for S2 (transmit diversity)/S4 (transmit independency).........................8-12 Figure 8-7 Connections of RF cables for S5 (without transmit diversity)/S6 (without transmit diversity).......8-13 Figure 8-8 Connections of RF cables for S7 (without transmit diversity)/S8 (without transmit diversity).......8-14 Figure 8-9 Typical topology of the DRFUs.......................................................................................................8-15 Figure 9-1 Network structure of the OM system.................................................................................................9-2

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Tables

Tables
Table 4-1 Monitoring signals of the BTS3900A..................................................................................................4-2 Table 4-2 Functions of the Monitoring System....................................................................................................4-2 Table 7-1 Comparison of Network Topologies....................................................................................................7-3 Table 8-1 RF configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A....................................................................8-3 Table 8-2 Configuration principles of BBU boards.............................................................................................8-7 Table 8-3 Configuration (1)..................................................................................................................................8-9 Table 8-4 Configuration (2)................................................................................................................................8-10 Table 8-5 Configuration (3)................................................................................................................................8-11 Table 8-6 Configuration (4)................................................................................................................................8-12 Table 8-7 Configuration (5)................................................................................................................................8-13 Table 8-8 Three typical topologies of the DRFUs.............................................................................................8-15 Table 8-9 Typical configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A...........................................................................8-16 Table 9-1 Functions of the BTS OM system........................................................................................................9-3 Table 10-1 Operating frequency bands of the BTS3900/BTS3900A.................................................................10-2 Table 10-2 Output power of the DRFU in the BTS3900/BTS3900A................................................................10-2 Table 10-3 Receiver sensitivity of the BTS3900/BTS3900A............................................................................10-3 Table 10-4 Dimensions.......................................................................................................................................10-3 Table 10-5 Weight..............................................................................................................................................10-4 Table 10-6 Specifications of the input power.....................................................................................................10-4 Table 10-7 BTS3900A Power Consumption......................................................................................................10-4 Table 10-8 Surge protection specifications of the BTS3900A...........................................................................10-5 Table 10-9 Power ports of the BTS3900............................................................................................................10-6 Table 10-10 BBU transmission ports.................................................................................................................10-6 Table 10-11 DRFU transmission ports...............................................................................................................10-7 Table 10-12 BTS3900A alarm ports..................................................................................................................10-7 Table 10-13 Other external ports of the BTS3900A..........................................................................................10-7 Table 10-14 Climatic requirements..................................................................................................................10-10 Table 10-15 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances....................................................10-11 Table 10-16 Requirements for mechanical stress.............................................................................................10-12 Table 10-17 Climatic requirements..................................................................................................................10-12 Table 10-18 Requirements for the density of mechanically active substances................................................10-14 Table 10-19 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances....................................................10-14 Table 10-20 Requirements for mechanical stress.............................................................................................10-14 Issue 03 (2008-07-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd v

Tables

BTS3900A GSM Product Description Table 10-21 Climatic requirements..................................................................................................................10-15 Table 10-22 Requirements for the density of mechanically active substances................................................10-16 Table 10-23 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances....................................................10-17 Table 10-24 Requirements for mechanical stress.............................................................................................10-17

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About This Document

About This Document

Purpose
This describes the overview of the BTS3900A GSM. It describes the components, software and hardware structure, subsystems, configuration type, signal flow, clock synchronization, and topologies of the BTS3012. This document also lists the technical specifications of the capacity, RF, engineering, lightning protection, and physical ports of the BTS3900A.

Product Version
The following table lists the product version related to this document. Product Name BTS3900A GSM (BTS3900 for shot afterwards) Product Version V300R008

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:
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Network planners Field engineers System engineers

Change History
For changes in the document, refer to Changes in BTS3900A GSM Production Description.

Organization
1 System Structure of the BTS3900A This describes the BTS3900A. It consists of the BBU3900, the DRFU module, the power distribution box, and RF cabinet. The BBU3900 is installed in the power distribution box. The DRFU module is installed in the RF cabinet. 2 Overview of the BTS3900A This describes the physical structure, logical structure, and software structure of the BTS3900A.
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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

3 Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900A The BTS3900A allows the 220 V AC input. 4 Monitoring System of the BTS3900A This describes the monitoring system of the BTS3900A. The monitoring system monitors the power, fans, and environment. 5 Reference Clocks of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A supports three types of reference clocks: line clock, BITS clock, and free-run clock. 6 Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The signal flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A consists of the traffic signal flow and the signaling flow of the BTS. The BTS3900/BTS3900A signal flow is classified into the DL traffic signal flow, UL traffic signal flow, and signaling flow. 7 Topologies of the BTS The BTS supports the star, chain, tree, and ring topologies. The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and ring topologies. In practice, these topologies can be combined. Optimum utilization of the topologies can improve the quality of service and save the investment on the transmission equipment. 8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A This describes the configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A, RF cable connections, CPRI cable connections, and typical configurations of the DRFU. 9 OM System of the BTS The OM system implements the management, monitoring, and maintenance tasks of the BTS3900. It provides various OM modes and multiple maintenance platforms to meet different maintenance requirements. 10 Technical Specifications of the BTS3900A The technical specifications of the BTS3900A involve capacity specifications, RF specifications, engineering specifications, surge protection specifications, physical ports, environmental requirements, and compliance standards.

Conventions
1. Symbol Conventions The following symbols may be found in this document. They are defined as follows Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk that, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

DANGER

2

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About This Document

Symbol

Description Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could cause equipment damage, data loss, and performance degradation, or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save your time. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

WARNING

CAUTION
TIP

NOTE

2. General Conventions Convention Times New Roman Boldface Italic Courier New 3. Command Conventions Convention Boldface Italic [] {x | y | ...} [ x | y | ... ] { x | y | ... } * [ x | y | ... ] * Description The keywords of a command line are in boldface. Command arguments are in italic. Items (keywords or arguments) in square brackets [ ] are optional. Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars.One is selected. Optional alternative items are grouped in square brackets and separated by vertical bars.One or none is selected. Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars.A minimum of one or a maximum of all can be selected. Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars.A minimum of zero or a maximum of all can be selected. Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Names of files,directories,folders,and users are in boldface. For example,log in as user root . Book titles are in italics. Terminal display is in Courier New.

4. GUI Conventions
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Convention Boldface >

Description Buttons,menus,parameters,tabs,window,and dialog titles are in boldface. For example,click OK. Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">" signs. For example,choose File > Create > Folder .

5. Keyboard Operation Convention Key Key1+Key2 Key1,Key2 Description Press the key.For example,press Enter and press Tab. Press the keys concurrently.For example,pressing Ctrl+Alt+A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently. Press the keys in turn.For example,pressing Alt,A means the two keys should be pressed in turn.

6. Mouse Operation Action Click Double-click Drag Description Select and release the primary mouse button without moving the pointer. Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and quickly without moving the pointer. Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the pointer to a certain position.

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1 System Structure of the BTS3900A

1

System Structure of the BTS3900A

This describes the BTS3900A. It consists of the BBU3900, the DRFU module, the power distribution box, and RF cabinet. The BBU3900 is installed in the power distribution box. The DRFU module is installed in the RF cabinet. Figure 1-1 shows the BTS3900A system. Figure 1-1 BTS3900A system architecture

BBU Power cabinet

RF cabinet

DRFU

The BTS3900A consists of the following modules:

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1 System Structure of the BTS3900A
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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

The BBU3900 is used for baseband processing and enables interaction between the BTS and the BSC. The DRFU, the double-transceiver filter unit, performs modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals. The power distribution box and RF cabinet provides space for BBU3900 and DRFU and the functions of power distribution, heat dissipation, and surge protection.

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2 Overview of the BTS3900A

2
About This Chapter

Overview of the BTS3900A

This describes the physical structure, logical structure, and software structure of the BTS3900A. 2.1 Marketing Orientation of the BTS3900A This describes the BTS3900A, an outdoor macro base station developed by Huawei. The BTS3900A mainly consists of the BBU and the DRFUs. Compared with traditional BTSs, the BTS3900A features simpler structure and higher integration. 2.2 Structure of the BTS3900A Cabinet The BTS3900A cabinet consists of the RF cabinet and the APM30 power cabinet. The RF cabinet is categorized into two types: 3RFU cabinet and 6RFU cabinet. For the BTS3900A, the APM30 battery cabinet and APM30 transmission cabinet are optional. The battery cabinet provides longtime backup power, and the transmission cabinet can accommodate the transmission equipment of the user. 2.3 Logical Structure of the BTS3900A This describes the logical structure of the BTS3900A. It mainly consists of the BBU and DRFUs. The logical structure of the BTS3900A consists of the RF subsystem, control subsystem, power subsystem, and antenna subsystem. 2.4 Software Structure of the BTS The BTS software consists of the platform software, signaling protocol software, OM software, and data center. The latter three are application software, and the platform software provides support for the application software.

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

2.1 Marketing Orientation of the BTS3900A
This describes the BTS3900A, an outdoor macro base station developed by Huawei. The BTS3900A mainly consists of the BBU and the DRFUs. Compared with traditional BTSs, the BTS3900A features simpler structure and higher integration. The features of the BTS3900A are as follows:
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It is developed on the basis of the unified BTS platform for Huawei Wireless products and enables the smooth evolution from 2G to 3G. It supports the Abis IP/FE interface in hardware and enables Abis over IP through software upgrade if required. It shares the BBU subrack with the DBS3900 to minimize the number of spare parts and to reduce the cost. It can be flexibly installed in a small footprint and can be easily maintained with low cost. It supports multiple frequency bands, such as PGSM900, EGSM900, and DCS1800. It supports transmit diversity and PBT. It supports two-antenna or four-antenna receive diversity to improve the uplink coverage. It supports the GPRS and the EGPRS. It supports omnidirectional cells and directional cells. It supports the hierarchical cell, concentric cell, and micro cell. It supports multiple network topologies, such as star networking, tree networking, chain networking, ring networking, and hybrid networking. It supports the A5/3, A5/2, and A5/1 encryption and decryption algorithms. It supports the cell broadcast SMS and point-to-point SMS. It supports synchronization with the BTS3012. A single cabinet supports up to 12 TRXs with the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4. Multiple cabinets at a site support up to 72 TRXs with the maximum cell configuration of S24/24/24.

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2.2 Structure of the BTS3900A Cabinet
The BTS3900A cabinet consists of the RF cabinet and the APM30 power cabinet. The RF cabinet is categorized into two types: 3RFU cabinet and 6RFU cabinet. For the BTS3900A, the APM30 battery cabinet and APM30 transmission cabinet are optional. The battery cabinet provides longtime backup power, and the transmission cabinet can accommodate the transmission equipment of the user. The components of the BTS3900A include the DRFU, BBU, DCDU-02, FMUA, FAN unit, and GATM, among which the GATM is optional. Figure 2-1 shows the typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet that consists of a 6RFU cabinet and an APM30 power cabinet.

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Figure 2-1 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (1)

(1) 6RFU cabinet (4) FMUA module (7) BBU (10) APM30 power cabinet

(2) DRFU module (5) DCDU-02 module (8) PDU -

(3) FAN unit (6) GATM module (9) Power subrack (AC/DC) -

Figure 2-2 shows the typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet that consists of a 3RFU cabinet and an APM30 power cabinet.

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figure 2-2 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (2)

(1) Battery (4) FAN unit (7) GATM module (10) Power subrack (AC/DC)

(2) 3RFU cabinet (5) FMUA module (8) BBU (11) APM30 power cabinet

(3) DRFU module (6) DCDU-02 module (9) PDU -

Figure 2-3 shows the typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet that consists of a 3RFU cabinet, a 6RFU cabinet, and an APM30 power cabinet.

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Figure 2-3 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (3)
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8 7 6

5 4 3 11

2 12 1

(1) 6RFU cabinet (4) FMUA module (7) BBU (10) APM30 power cabinet

(2) DRFU module (5) DCDU-02 module (8) PDU (11) Battery

(3) FAN unit (6) GATM module (9) Power subrack (AC/DC) (12) 3RFU cabinet

Figure 2-4 shows the typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet that consists of a 6RFU cabinet, an APM30 power cabinet, an APM30 transmission cabinet, and an APM30 battery cabinet.

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figure 2-4 Typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet (4)

(1) 6RFU cabinet (4) FMUA module (7) BBU (10) APM30 power cabinet (13) APM30 transmission cabinet

(2) DRFU module (5) DCDU-02 module (8) PDU (11) DCDU-03A module (14) Battery

(3) FAN unit (6) GATM module (9) Power subrack (AC/DC) (12) Transmission unit (15) APM30 battery cabinet

NOTE

For details about the configurations of the APM30 power cabinet, APM30 transmission cabinet, and APM30 power cabinet, see the APM30 User Guide.

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2.3 Logical Structure of the BTS3900A
This describes the logical structure of the BTS3900A. It mainly consists of the BBU and DRFUs. The logical structure of the BTS3900A consists of the RF subsystem, control subsystem, power subsystem, and antenna subsystem. Figure 2-5 shows the logical structure of the BTS3900A. Figure 2-5 Logical Structure of the BTS3900A

CPRI

DRFU

RF signals

MS Bias-Tee TMA

BSC

E1

BBU

GATM


RF signals

CPRI Optical transmission device E1

DRFU

Bias-Tee

TMA

Control subsystem

RF subsystem

Antenna subsystem

DCDU-03A

DCDU-02

PDU 220V AC

220V AC

-48V DC Battery Power subsystem

Power subrack (AC/DC)

The logical subsystems of the BTS3900A are as follows:
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RF subsystem whose functions are implemented by the DRFU Control subsystem whose functions are implemented by the BBU Power subsystem whose functions are implemented by the following modules:
– – – – –

PDU Power Subrack (AC/DC) DCDU-02 DCDU-03A Battery

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Antenna subsystem whose functions are implemented by the following modules:
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– – –

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

GATM TMA Antennas

2.4 Software Structure of the BTS
The BTS software consists of the platform software, signaling protocol software, OM software, and data center. The latter three are application software, and the platform software provides support for the application software. Figure 2-6 shows the software structure of the BTS. Figure 2-6 Software structure of the BTS
Signaling protocol software OM software

Data center

Platform software

Platform Software
The platform software provides support for the signaling protocol software, OM software, and data center. The functions of the platform software are as follows:
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Timing management Task management Memory management Module management Managing the loading and running of the application software Providing the message forwarding mechanism between modules Tracing massages between modules to facilitate troubleshooting

Signaling Protocol Software
The functions of the signaling protocol software are as follows:
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Processing the radio network layer protocol Processing the transport network layer protocol, which performs transport data configuration, ALCAP processing, and SAAL processing
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Managing the internal logical resources (such as cells and channels) of the BTS and the mapping between physical resources and logical resources

OM Software
The OM software works together with the maintenance terminals such as the LMT to maintain the BTS. The functions of the OM software are as follows:
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Equipment management Data configuration Performance management Commissioning management Alarm management Software management Tracing management Security management Backup management Log management

Data Center
The data center stores the configuration data of all the modules.

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3 Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900A

3

Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900A
The BTS3900A allows the 220 V AC input. Figure 3-1 shows the power distribution of the BTS3900A. Figure 3-1 Power distribution of the BTS3900A
BTS3036A power system

220V AC -48V DC

Power subrack (AC/DC)

Battery

FMUA 220V AC PDU DCDU-02 DRFU0-2 AFMU BBU GATM DCDU-02 DRFU3-5

DCDU-03A

-48V DC

The description of the power distribution is as follows:

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3 Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900A
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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

When the external 220 V AC is used, the PDU leads the 220 V AC into the PSU (AC/DC) in the power subrack (AC/DC). The PSU converts the 220 V AC to -48 V DC, and then transmits the converted DC back to the PDU. The PDU distributes the -48 V DC. Part of the -48 V DC is directly distributed to certain modules. Part of the -48 V DC is distributed to the DCDU-02. The DCDU-02 then distributes the -48 V DC to certain modules. When the APM30 transmission cabinet is configured, the PDU leads the -48 V DC to the DCDU-03A in the transmission cabinet. The DCDU-03A then distributes the -48 V DC to certain modules. The power subrack (AC/DC) performs the charging and discharging of the batteries.

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4 Monitoring System of the BTS3900A

4

Monitoring System of the BTS3900A

This describes the monitoring system of the BTS3900A. The monitoring system monitors the power, fans, and environment.

Description of Monitoring Ports
Figure 4-1 shows the monitoring ports of the BBU. Figure 4-1 Monitoring ports of the BBU
Monitoring signal bus 0 Monitoring signal bus 1 Alarm signal 0 to 3 Alarm signal 4 to 7
EXT-ALM1 EX T-ALM0 MON1 MON0

UELP
TX0

CPRI0 1 RX0 TX1 RX1

TX2

2

CPR12 3 RX2 TX3

RX3 TX4

4

CPR14 5 RX4 TX5 RX5 LIU0 LIU1 LIU2 LIU3

INSIDE

OUTSIDE
CPR11

GTMU
ETH FE0

TX

RX

CPR13

CPR15 RUN ALM ACT

EXT-ALM1

EXT-ALM0 MON1

MON0

FE1

USBTEST

E1/T1

RST PWR

RUN

Alarm signal 12 to 15 Alarm signal 8 to 11 Monitoring signal bus 1 Monitoring signal bus 0
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The BBU can provides up to two RS485 bus ports and 16 Boolean inputs. The modules on the RS485 bus 0 cannot substitute those on the RS485 bus 1. If two MPUs with the same DIP switch setting are configured, they cannot be installed on the same bus.

Components of the Monitoring System
Figure 4-2 shows the components of the BTS3900A system.

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4 Monitoring System of the BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figure 4-2 Structure of the monitoring system
BBU
RS485 bus0 GATM2 FMUA1
FAN1 FAN2

DCDU-02 1

DCDU-02 2

FMUA2 ……

BSC
RS485 bus1
EMUA PMU AFMU1 GATM1

Door sensor of the power cabinet

Door sensor of the battery cabinet

Boolean0-15 DCDU-03A AFMU2
Door sensor of the transmission cabinet User interface

NOTE

bus0 is the RS485 bus 0; bus1 is the RS485 bus 1.

Table 4-1 describes the monitoring signals of the BTS3900A. Table 4-1 Monitoring signals of the BTS3900A Unit FMUA (mandatory) GATM2 (optional) PMU (mandatory) AFMU (mandatory) GATM1 (optional) FMUA (optional) Address bus0 bus0 bus1 bus1 bus1 bus1

Functions of the Monitoring System
Table 4-2 shows the components of the monitoring system. Table 4-2 Functions of the Monitoring System Unit FAN Control
l l l

Fan failure monitoring Adjust the fan speed Temperature and fan speed monitoring

GATM
4-2

Reports the RET control alarm signals.
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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

4 Monitoring System of the BTS3900A

Unit EMUA

Control
l

Communicates with the central processing unit through the two RS485 ports Input voltage monitoring Provides independent 12 V DC/24 V DC temperature and humidity sensor ports. Provides Boolean input signal monitoring ports, and connects to the Boolean monitoring signals in dry contact mode or OC mode. Provides six external Boolean output control ports in relay node mode. Communicates with the central processing unit through the RS232/RS422 serial port. Manages the power system and charging and discharging of batteries. It reports water alarms, smokes alarms, door control alarms, standby Boolean alarms, ambient humidity and temperature, battery temperature, and standby analog values. Power distribution monitoring and alarm reporting

l l

l

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PMU

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l

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l

DCDU-02 FMUA

Provides the monitoring of surge protection failure
l

Collecting environment alarm information in the cabinet. The environment alarm is classified into temperature alarm, humidity alarm, smoke alarm, water immersion alarm, and door status alarm. Collects surge protection alarm information of the DC power distribution unit. Monitors the operating status of fans. The fan speed can be adjusted based on the temperature or adjusted by the central processing unit. Stops the rotation of the fans when the ambient temperature is low. Temperature monitoring and reporting RS485 port cascading and extension The FMUAs can be cascaded.

l

l

l

l l l

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5 Reference Clocks of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

5

Reference Clocks of the BTS3900/BTS3900A
The BTS3900/BTS3900A supports three types of reference clocks: line clock, BITS clock, and free-run clock.

Line Clock
The BBU3900 directly extracts clock signals from the E1/T1 interface. Then, the BBU exports the precise 2 MHz and 8 kHz clocks after frequency dividing, phase locking, and phase adjusting. The 2 MHz and 8 kHz clocks are used for frame synchronization and bit synchronization in the BTS3900/BTS3900A.

BITS Clock
The BBU3900 supports the BITS clock mode by providing a port for the 2.048 MHz BITS clock.

Free-Run Clock
When the external reference clocks are unavailable, the oven controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) on the GTMU of the BBU3900 provides the 13 MHz clock to ensure the normal operation of the BTS.

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

6 Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

6

Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

The signal flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A consists of the traffic signal flow and the signaling flow of the BTS. The BTS3900/BTS3900A signal flow is classified into the DL traffic signal flow, UL traffic signal flow, and signaling flow.

DL Traffic Signal Flow
The DL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the BSC to the MS through the BTS3900/ BTS3900A. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A, the BBU and DRFUs work together to process the DL traffic signals. Figure 6-1 shows the DL traffic signal flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A. Figure 6-1 DL traffic signal flow
Downlink traffic signal flow DRFU DBUS CBUS FHBUS 2 CPRI 3 RF signals

1 E1 BSC

BBU

DRFU

3 RF signals

MS


DRFU 3 RF signals

The DL traffic signal flow is as follows: 1. 2. The BSC sends E1 signals to the BBU through E1 or optical cables. After receiving the E1 signals, the BBU processes the E1 signals as follows: (1) Extracts clock signals from the E1 signals (2) Configures the BTS system based on the data configuration on the OML (3) Encapsulates the E1 data in the format of the CPRI frame, and then transmits the data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable 3.
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After receiving the signals, the DRFU processes the signals as follows:
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6 Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

(1) Decapsulates the high-speed CPRI frames to obtain the baseband signals (2) Transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for encapsulation and interleaving (3) Converts the digital signals into the analog signals and modulates the analog signals into RF signals (4) Combines or divides the RF signals based on its own configuration (5) Transmits the combined or divided signals to the antenna subsystem

UL Traffic Signal Flow
Opposite to the DL traffic signal flow, the UL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the MS to the BSC through the BTS3900/BTS3900A. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A, the BBU and DRFUs work together to process the UL traffic signals. Figure 6-2 shows the UL traffic signal flow. Figure 6-2 UL traffic signal flow
Uplink traffic signal flow DRFU DBUS CBUS FHBUS 2 CPRI 3 RF signals

1 E1 BSC

BBU

DRFU

3 RF signals

MS


DRFU 3 RF signals

The UL traffic signal flow is as follows: 1. 2. The antenna receives the signals sent from the MS. If the TMA is configured, the received signals are amplified by the TMA and then transmitted to the DRFU through the feeder. After receiving the UL signals, the DRFU processes the signals as follows: (1) Divides the UL signals received from the antenna, Rx1 in, or Rx2 in (2) Converts the divided analog signals into the digital signals to obtain the baseband signals (3) Transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for decryption and deinterleaving (4) Encapsulates the processed data in the format of the CPRI frame, and then transmits the data to the BBU through the CPRI signal cable 3. After receiving the signals, the BBU processes the signals as follows: (1) Decapsulates the high-speed CPRI frames to obtain the baseband signals (2) Encapsulates the baseband signals in the format of the E1 frame, and then transmits the signals to the BSC through the E1 cable or the optical cable
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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

6 Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

Signaling Flow
This describes the BTS3900/BTS3900A signaling flow on the Abis interface. The BBU serves as the control unit and works with DRFU to process the signaling. Figure 6-3 shows the signaling flow. Figure 6-3 Signaling flow
Signaling flow DRFU DBUS CBUS FHBUS 2 CPRI

1 E1 BSC

BBU

DRFU


DRFU

The signaling flow is as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The signaling data received from the BSC is transmitted to the BBU through the Abis interface. The BBU encapsulates the signaling data in the format of the CPRI frame, and then transmits the signaling data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable. The DRFU decapsulates the CPRI signals into the baseband signals, transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for processing. The BBU encapsulates the data of its own status in the format of the CPRI frame, and then transmits the data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable. The BBU decapsulates the received CPRI signals to obtain the baseband signals. The BBU obtains the status of the BTS by analyzing the baseband signals. Then, the BBU transmits the information on the BTS status to the BSC through the Abis interface.

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

7 Topologies of the BTS

7
Network Topology
Figure 7-1 Star topology of the BTS
BSC

Topologies of the BTS

The BTS supports the star, chain, tree, and ring topologies. The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and ring topologies. In practice, these topologies can be combined. Optimum utilization of the topologies can improve the quality of service and save the investment on the transmission equipment.

Figure 7-1 shows the star topology of the BTS.

BTS BTS

BTS

Figure 7-2 shows the chain topology of the BTS. Figure 7-2 Chain topology of the BTS

BSC

BTS

BTS

BTS

Figure 7-3 shows the tree topology of the BTS.
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7 Topologies of the BTS

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figure 7-3 Tree topology of the BTS

BTS

BTS

BTS

BSC

BTS

Figure 7-4 shows the ring topology of the BTS. Figure 7-4 Ring topology of the BTS
A BTS0 BSC D B BTS1 C

BTS2

Comparison of Network Topologies
Table 7-1 describes the comparison of different network topologies.

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7 Topologies of the BTS

Table 7-1 Comparison of Network Topologies Networking Mode Star topology Application Scenario Applies to common areas, especially densely populated areas, such as cities. Advantage
l

Limitations Compared with other topologies, the star topology requires more transmission cables.

Simple networking Easy project implementation Convenient maintenance Flexible capacity expansion High network reliability

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l

Chain topology

Applies to sparsely populated areas in strip-like terrain, such as areas along highways and railway tracks.

Reduces costs in transmission equipment, construction, and transmission link lease.

l

As signals pass through many nodes, the transmission reliability in the chain topology is reduced. The faults in the current-level BTSs may affect the lower-level BTSs. The number of levels in a chain network should not exceed five.

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7 Topologies of the BTS

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Networking Mode Tree topology

Application Scenario Applies to areas where network structures, site distribution, and subscriber distribution are complicated, for example, an area where large-scale coverage overlaps hot spot or smallscale coverage.

Advantage Requires fewer transmission cables compared with the star topology.

Limitations
l

As signals pass through many nodes, the transmission reliability is reduced. This makes it difficult for maintenance and engineering. The faults in the current-level BTSs may affect the lower-level BTSs. Capacity expansion is difficult. The number of levels in the tree should not exceed five.

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7 Topologies of the BTS

Networking Mode Ring topology

Application Scenario Applies to common scenarios. Due to its strong self-healing capability, the ring topology is preferred if permitted by the routing.

Advantage If there is a breaking point in the ring, the ring breaks into two chains at the breaking point automatically. In this way, the BTSs preceding and following the breaking point can work normally despite the breaking point; thus improving the robustness of the system. For example, BTS0, BTS1, and BTS2 are sequentially connected to form a ring. When B fails, the BTS topology preceding B remains unchanged, and the BTSs following B form a chain (anticlockwise), as shown in Figure 7-5.

Limitations In the ring topology, there is always a link section that does not transfer data.

Figure 7-5 Regroupment for disconnection in the ring topology
Clockwise A BTS0 BSC D BTS2 C BTS1 Anticlockwise B

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

8

Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

About This Chapter
This describes the configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A, RF cable connections, CPRI cable connections, and typical configurations of the DRFU. 8.1 Configuration Principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A uses DRFU transceiver module and DRFU built-in duplexer. A single cabinet provides up to 12 TRXs with the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4 and supports the dual-band application. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A, the antenna subsystem, DRFUs, and BBU need to be configured. 8.2 RF Signal Cable Connections of the DRFU One end of the RF jumper is connected to the RF port on the DRFU and the other end is connected to the feeder. You can determine the appropriate RF ports based on the actual configuration modes. 8.3 Topology of DRFUs Connected by CPRI Cables The DRFUs support various network topologies: star, chain, and ring. 8.4 Typical Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A This lists the number of components required for the cell configuration of S1/1/1, S2/2/2, S4/4/4, S6/6/6, S1/1/1 + S3/3/3, S2/2/2 + S2/2/2, and S4/4/4 + S4/4/4.

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

8.1 Configuration Principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A
The BTS3900/BTS3900A uses DRFU transceiver module and DRFU built-in duplexer. A single cabinet provides up to 12 TRXs with the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4 and supports the dual-band application. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A, the antenna subsystem, DRFUs, and BBU need to be configured.

Basic Configuration Principles
l

Smooth upgrade of configuration. If multiple types of hardware configurations meet the requirements for configuring the parameters in network planning, the configuration mode that implements the smooth upgrade is preferred. The BTS3900/BTS3900A solution is recommended in S4/4/4 cell configuration or lower configurations. When multiple antennas are permitted, the BTS3900/BTS3900A solution can be applied in S8/8/8 and S4/4/4+S4/4/4 dual-band cell configurations. Wide coverage. The DRFU supports wide coverage. The DRFU can work in PBT, transmit diversity, or 4-way receive diversity mode in configurations lower than S2.

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Antenna Configuration Principles
l l

One antenna can serve up to two DRFUs to support the S4/4/4 configuration. By default, the receive diversity is adopted in the GSM. That is, two feeder (two single antennas or one dual-polarized antenna) must be configured in a cell. When one internal combination is allowed, the cell configuration of S4 and lower configurations use a single antenna, the configurations of S5 to S8 use a double antenna, and the configurations of S8 to S12 use a triple antenna. Each sector of the BTS must be configured with the minimum number of antennas. For the 2-antenna receive diversity, each sector has two antenna channels; for the 4-antenna receive diversity, each sector has four antenna channels.

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RF Configuration Principles
Table 8-1 describes the RF configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A.

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

Table 8-1 RF configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A Principle Configuration principles of the DRFU ports Description
l

Example In the S3/3 configuration, three DRFUs need to be configured. The TRXs provided by the middle DRFU belong to different cells. Then, the Rx1 in port on the middle DRFU is the input port, which belongs to the first cell, for receive diversity of TRX 1. The input port for RX main diversity of TRX 2 is ANT1. The Rx2 in port is the input port, which belongs to the second cell, for receive diversity of TRX 2. The input port for RX main diversity of TRX 2 is ANT2.

ANT1 and ANT2 are the TX ports of the duplexer. They are connected to jumpers. Rx1 in, Rx1 out, Rx2 in, and Rx2 out are used for the interconnection between the DRFU modules. When the two TRXs provided by the DRFU belong to the same cell, both Rx1 in and Rx2 in can be the input ports for receive diversity of the two TRXs. When the two TRXs provided by the DRFU belong to different cells, Rx1 in is the input port for RX diversity of TRX 1; Rx2 in is the input port for receive diversity of TRX 2. CPRI_0 and CPRI_1 are the ports for high speed signal cables. They are connected to CPRI ports on the BBU. Star topology is adopted between the BBU and DRFUs. The DRFUs and the high-speed interfaces on the BBU have a one-toone mapping relationship. That is, if DRFU slot 1 is idle, CPRI port 1 on the BBU is also idle. A single cabinet supports the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4.

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Configuration principles of a single cabinet

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None

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Principle Configuration principles of multiple cabinets

Description
l

Example None

When star and ring topologies are adopted between the BBU and DRFUs, three levels of DRFUs in a ring can be connected to one BBU. That is, one BBU supports 3 x 3 = 9 DRFUs. When star and chain topologies are adopted between the BBU and DRFUs, three levels of DRFUs on a chain can be connected to one BBU. That is, one BBU supports 6 x 3 = 18 DRFUs. The non-combination configuration is recommended for the DRFU to avoid the power loss in combination and to reduce the power consumption of the BTS. If combination is required, the cavity combiner must be configured outside the DRFU and one combination is recommended. A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application; however, three DRFUs support the S3/3 application. When the DRFU works in transmit PBT, transmit diversity, or 4-way receive diversity mode, a DRFU provides only one TRX. Therefore, the actual configuration does not involve the mode of configuring two TRXs in one sector.

l

Non-combination in the transmit channel

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None

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Configuring two TRXs in one sector

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For example, for a site in S5/4/7 cell configuration, nine DRFUs are installed meeting the requirements of S6/4/8 cell configuration but data is still configured in S5/4/7 cell configuration.

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

Principle Number of DRFUs

Description
l

Example
l

When the number of TRXs of the site is less than 12, an odd number of TRXs can be configured for a cell. Number of DRFUs = round up [(Number of TRXs + Number of S1 cells) ÷ 2] When the number of TRXs of the site is greater than 12, two TRXs should be configured for a cell. Number of DRFUs = round up (Number of TRXs after two TRXs are configured in one sector ÷ 2)

S3/3/3: Number of DRFUs = round up (9 ÷ 2) = 5; S1/2/3: Number of DRFUs = round up [(6 + 1) ÷ 2] = 4. After two TRXs are configured in one sector, the S5/5/5 configuration is S6/6/6. Number of DRFUs = (6 + 6 + 6) ÷ 2 = 9.

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TRX allocation in double antenna mode

After TRX allocation, the cells with the odd number of TRXs are adjacent cells.
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l

S5 = S3 + S2 or S5 = S2 + S3 S6 = S4 + S2 or S6 = S3 + S3 S7 = S4 + S3 or S7 = S3 + S4 S8 = S4 + S4
l

In S3/5/4, S5 can be divided into S3 + S2. Then, the cell configuration is S3/(3/2)/ 4. In S2/5/5, the first S5 is divided into S2 + S3; the second S5 is divided into S3 + S2. Then, the cell configuration is S2/(2/3)/ (3/2).

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Principle Configuring double TRXs in a site

Description
l

Example None

If the number of DRFUs is less than or equal to 6 in a double-TRX site, the two TRXs are configured in the same cabinet. If the number of DRFUs of the two bands is less than 3, the 900 MHz DRFUs are installed in the 3 slots on the left, and the 1800 MHz DRFUs are installed in the 3 slots on the right. When two RF cabinets are configured and the number of DRFUs of each band is less than 6, the 900 MHz DRFUs are installed in the first cabinet and the 1800 MHz DRFUs are installed in the second cabinet. The DRFUs are installed in the slots according to the typical S4/4/4 configuration. When two RF cabinets are configured and the number of DRFUs of one band is greater than 6, the band with fewer DRFUs shares the cabinet with the other band. Mixed configuration of DRFUs are not allowed.

l

NOTE

In the mode of configuring two TRXs in one sector, a DRFU belongs to only one sector.

Configuration Principles of the BBU
l

One BBU provides six CPRI ports. In the chain topology, a single BBU can support up to 36 TRXs. Figure 8-1 shows the BBU slots.

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

Figure 8-1 Slots of the BBU
FAN 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UPEU/UEIU UPEU

l

Table 8-2 describes the RF configuration principles of the BBU. Table 8-2 Configuration principles of BBU boards Board or Module BSBC UBFA UPEU Description 1 pcs must be configured. 1 pcs must be configured.
l l

1 pcs must be configured. 1 pcs can be configured when the backup power is required. The UPEU, however, cannot be configured with the UEIU at the same time. 1 pcs must be configured when three or more than three BTS3900 cabinets are configured. In the outdoor application, 1 pcs must be configured when two or more than two APM30 power cabinets are configured. 1 pcs must be configured. The GTMU occupies slot 5 and slot 6. Not required in the BTS3900 1 pcs must be configured in the BTS3900A. The UELP occupies slot 0.

UEIU

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GTMU

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UELP

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8.2 RF Signal Cable Connections of the DRFU
One end of the RF jumper is connected to the RF port on the DRFU and the other end is connected to the feeder. You can determine the appropriate RF ports based on the actual configuration modes.

RF Cable Connections of the DRFU
l

The transmit mode and antenna mode described in the following list are set on the BSC side. The RF cables differ from each other in colors. Figure 8-2 shows the mapping between the RF signal cables and their colors.

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figure 8-2 Mapping between the RF signal cables and their colors
Feeder jumper CPRI signal cable RF jumper between the cascaded DRFUs

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

S1 Without Transmit Diversity, S1 with Transmit Diversity, and S2 Without Transmit Diversity
The S1 without transmit diversity, S1 with transmit diversity, and S2 without transmit diversity use the configuration of one DRFU and one dual-polarized antenna. Table 8-3 describes the related configurations. Table 8-3 Configuration (1) Typical Configuration Mode S1 without transmit diversity S1 with transmit diversity S2 without transmit diversity Transmit Mode Antenna Mode Cable Configuration
l l

Transmit independency or combining Transmit diversity Transmit independency or combining

Double Antenna

Double Antenna Double Antenna

One DRFU module One dualpolarized antenna

Figure 8-3 shows the cable connections. Figure 8-3 Connections of RF cables for S1 (without transmit diversity/with transmit diversity)/ S2 (without transmit diversity)

Antenna

UELP INSIDE OUTSIDE

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

S2 with PBT, S3 Without Transmit Diversity, and S4 Without Transmit Diversity
The S2 with PBT, S3 without transmit diversity, and S4 without transmit diversity use the configuration of two DRFUs and one dual-polarized antenna. Table 8-4 describes the related configurations. Table 8-4 Configuration (2) Typical Configuration Mode S2 with PBT S3 without transmit diversity S4 without transmit diversity Transmit Mode Antenna Mode Cable Configuration
l l

PBT Transmit independency or combining Transmit independency or combining

Single Antenna Double Receiver Single Antenna Double Receiver Single Antenna Double Receiver

Two DRFUs One dualpolarized antenna

Figure 8-4 shows the cable connections. Figure 8-4 Connections of RF cables for S2 (PBT)/S3 (without transmit diversity)/S4 (without transmit diversity)

Antenna

UELP INSIDE OUTSIDE

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

S2 (4-Way Receive Diversity)
The S2 with 4-way receive diversity uses the configuration of two DRFUs and two dualpolarized antennas. The related configuration is as follows:
l l

Receive mode: 4-Way Receive Diversity Set the antenna mode to Double Antenna 4-Way Receiver.

Figure 8-5 shows the cable connections. Figure 8-5 Connections of RF signal cables for S2 (4-way receive diversity)

Antenna

Antenna

UELP INSIDE OUTSIDE

S2 with Transmit Diversity and S4 with Transmit Independency
The S2 with transmit diversity and S4 with transmit independency use the configuration of two DRFUs and two dual-polarized antennas. Table 8-5 describes the related configurations. Table 8-5 Configuration (3) Typical Configuration Mode S2 (with transmit diversity) S4 with transmit independency Transmit Mode Antenna Mode Cable Configuration
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Transmit diversity Transmit independency or combining

Double Antenna Double Antenna

Two DRFUs Two dualpolarized antennas

Figure 8-6 shows the cable connections.
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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figure 8-6 Connections of RF cables for S2 (transmit diversity)/S4 (transmit independency)

Antenna

Antenna

UELP INSIDE OUTSIDE

S5 Without Transmit Diversity and S6 Without Transmit Diversity
The S5 without transmit diversity and S6 without transmit diversity use the configuration of three DRFUs and two dual-polarized antennas. Table 8-6 describes the related configurations. Table 8-6 Configuration (4) Typical Configuration Mode S5 without transmit diversity Transmit Mode Antenna Mode Cable Configuration
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Transmit independency or combining

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DRFU0: Single Antenna Double Receiver DRFU1: Single Antenna Double Receiver DRFU2: Double Antenna DRFU0: Single Antenna Double Receiver DRFU1: Single Antenna Double Receiver DRFU2: Double Antenna

Three DRFUs Two dualpolarized antennas

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S6 without transmit diversity

Transmit independency or combining

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

Figure 8-7 shows the cable connections. Figure 8-7 Connections of RF cables for S5 (without transmit diversity)/S6 (without transmit diversity)

Antenna

Antenna

UELP INSIDE OUTSIDE

S7 Without Transmit Diversity and S8 Without Transmit Diversity
The S7 without transmit diversity and S8 without transmit diversity use the configuration of four DRFUs and two dual-polarized antennas. Table 8-7 describes the related configurations. Table 8-7 Configuration (5) Typical Configuration Mode S7 without transmit diversity S8 without transmit diversity Transmit Mode Antenna Mode Cable Configuration
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Transmit independency or combining Transmit independency or combining

Single Antenna Double Receiver Single Antenna Double Receiver

Four DRFUs Two dualpolarized antennas

Figure 8-8 shows the cable connections.

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Figure 8-8 Connections of RF cables for S7 (without transmit diversity)/S8 (without transmit diversity)

Antenna

Antenna

UELP INSIDE OUTSIDE

8.3 Topology of DRFUs Connected by CPRI Cables
The DRFUs support various network topologies: star, chain, and ring. Figure 8-9 shows the typical topology of the DRFUs.

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

Figure 8-9 Typical topology of the DRFUs

Chain connection

Star connection

Ring connection

UELP INSIDE OUTSIDE

NOTE

When the chain topology is used, a maximum of three levels of DRFUs can be connected to one BBU.

Table 8-8 describes the three typical topologies of the DRFUs. Table 8-8 Three typical topologies of the DRFUs Topology Star Advantage
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Disadvantage Compared with other topologies, the star topology requires more transmission cables.

Simple networking Easy project implementation Convenient maintenance Flexible capacity expansion High network reliability

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l

Chain

Supports the maximum configuration

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Low network reliability Requires a large quantity of transmission cables

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Topology Ring

Advantage High network reliability

Disadvantage Complicated network structure

8.4 Typical Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A
This lists the number of components required for the cell configuration of S1/1/1, S2/2/2, S4/4/4, S6/6/6, S1/1/1 + S3/3/3, S2/2/2 + S2/2/2, and S4/4/4 + S4/4/4. Table 8-9 lists the typical configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A. Table 8-9 Typical configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A Typical Configuratio n S1/1/1 S2/2/2 S4/4/4 S2/2/2 + S2/2/2 Number of DRFUs 3 3 6 6 Number of Antennas 3 3 3 6 Number of Other Components of the BTS3900
l l l l l

Number of Other Components of the BTS3900A
l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l

BTS3900 cabinet: 1 FAN: 1 DCDU-01: 1 BBU: 1 Power subrack (DC/DC): 1 (+24 V DC input) Power subrack (AC/DC): 1 (220 V AC input) GATM: optional BTS3900 cabinet: 2 FAN: 2 DCDU-01: 2 BBU: 1 Power subrack (DC/DC): 1 (+24 V DC input) Power subrack (AC/DC): 1 (220 V AC input) GATM: optional

APM30 power cabinet: 1 Power subrack (AC/DC): 1 PDU: 1 BBU: 1 GATM: optional RF cabinet: 1 FMUA: 1 DCDU-02: 2 FAN: 2 APM30 power cabinet: 1 Power subrack (AC/DC): 1 PDU: 1 BBU: 1 GATM: optional RF cabinet: 2 FMUA: 2 DCDU-02: 4 FAN: 4

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S6/6/6 S1/1/1 + S3/3/3 S4/4/4 + S4/4/4

9 8 12

6 6 6

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8 Configuration of the BTS3900/BTS3900A

The number of antennas in a dual-band network is applicable to the configuration that the two bands do not share the antennas. When the two bands share the antennas, the number of antennas in the dual-band network is calculated in the same way as that in the single-band network.

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9 OM System of the BTS

9
About This Chapter

OM System of the BTS

The OM system implements the management, monitoring, and maintenance tasks of the BTS3900. It provides various OM modes and multiple maintenance platforms to meet different maintenance requirements. 9.1 OM Modes of the BTS The OM modes of the BTS consist of the Site Maintenance Terminal mode, Local Maintenance Terminal mode, and centralized network management mode. 9.2 OM Functions of the BTS The OM functions of the BTS3900 consist of equipment management, software management, configuration management, service management, performance management, security management, alarm management, and environment monitoring.

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9 OM System of the BTS

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

9.1 OM Modes of the BTS
The OM modes of the BTS consist of the Site Maintenance Terminal mode, Local Maintenance Terminal mode, and centralized network management mode. Figure 9-1 shows the components of the BTS OM system. Figure 9-1 Network structure of the OM system
iManager M2000

Site Maintenance Terminal

BTS VLAN BSC

Site Maintenance Terminal

BTS LMT

You can maintain the BTS3900 in the following modes:
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Site Maintenance Terminal mode: The Site Maintenance Terminal is locally connected to the BTS through the Ethernet. You can use the Site Maintenance Terminal to operate and maintain the site, cell, Radio Carrier (RC), Baseband Transceiver (BT), channel, and board. In this mode, only one BTS can be maintained at a time. LMT mode: The LMT is used to maintain the BTS through the OM links on the Abis interface, which is an interface between the BSC and the BTS. The LMT communicates with the BSC through a LAN. You can use the LMT to operate and maintain the site, cell, RC, channel, and board. This mode is used in configuring and modifying the data of the BSC and BTS. Centralized network management mode: The Huawei iManager M2000 is used to maintain the BTS through the OM network. The M2000 can operate and maintain the site, cell, channel, and board. In this mode, multiple BTSs can be maintained at a time.

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Table 9-1 lists the functions of the BTS OM system.

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Table 9-1 Functions of the BTS OM system Maintenance Object Maintenance Items for the Site Maintenance Terminal Viewing resources Performing site Opstart Testing the RF specifications Providing site management rights Forcibly loading software Activating software Resetting a site hierarchically Testing sites Monitoring environment Testing transport performance Querying the ring topology parameters Querying the bar codes Querying alarm delay time Managing the site board parameters Providing the optical transmission board command console Testing the E1 BER Managing the RET antenna Maintenance Items for the LMT Maintenance Items for the M2000 Managing the reporting of performance data Managing NE users Monitoring NE status Centralizing user management Monitoring NE performance Monitoring NEs in real time Viewing file information of NEs

Maintaining sites

Downloading the BTS software Configuring the BTS software Loading the BTS software Activating BTS software Querying BTS running status Querying BTS attributes Resetting BTSs hierarchically Browsing the BTS initialization progress Querying the software version running on the BTS Testing the BTS Monitoring BTS resources Monitoring environment Viewing BTS logs Testing transport performance Performing the BTS hard reset Providing the optical transmission board command console Querying the temperature in the equipment room Maintaining the ring network

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Maintenance Object

Maintenance Items for the Site Maintenance Terminal Managing cell attributes Managing cell extended attributes Performing cell Opstart Performing cell performance tests Modifying the administrative state of the cell

Maintenance Items for the LMT

Maintenance Items for the M2000 Viewing the statistics of the cell distribution Viewing the basic configuration of the cell Viewing the configuration of the CCH of a cell Viewing neighbor cells Monitoring the configuration of an object Collecting the alarms of the monitored object Blocking/unblocking cells

Maintaining cells

Modifying the administrative state Performing force handovers Sending cell system messages Querying frequency scanning Configuring frequency scanning

Maintaining BT

Performing BT Opstart Re-Initializing a BT Setting the TRX full power emission Modifying the administrative state of the BT Performing BT tests Viewing the channel status

-

-

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Maintenance Object

Maintenance Items for the Site Maintenance Terminal Managing RC attributes Managing RC extended attributes Performing RC Opstart Re-Initializing an RC Modifying the administrative state of the RC Viewing the automatic power correction type Obtaining the power mode of the RC

Maintenance Items for the LMT

Maintenance Items for the M2000 -

Maintaining RC

Modifying the administrative state Testing the RC performance Viewing the power mode of the RC Viewing the automatic power correction type Conducting loopback tests on the RC Testing idle timeslots Testing codec modes Resetting RCs Controlling the RC power

Maintaining channels

Managing channel attributes Performing channel Opstart Modifying the administrative state of the channel Performing loopback tests

Modifying the administrative state Monitoring the channel status Monitoring the channel interference band Performing the loopback test on a channel Testing the channel performance

Viewing the basic configuration of the cell Viewing the configuration of the CCH of a cell

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Maintenance Object

Maintenance Items for the Site Maintenance Terminal Configuring racks Configuring boards Managing boards

Maintenance Items for the LMT

Maintenance Items for the M2000 Viewing NE board reports Querying inventory data

Maintaining boards

Querying the software version running on the board Querying the matching of boards Querying bar codes of boards Querying board information Maintaining clocks Resetting boards Performing switchover of boards Querying the power module status Resetting smoke alarms Managing batteries Setting/Querying power module parameters Performing the loopback test on board communication links Querying the cavity state and the cavity frequency Setting the TMA feeder Resetting the auxiliary equipment Maintaining the RET antenna

9.2 OM Functions of the BTS
The OM functions of the BTS3900 consist of equipment management, software management, configuration management, service management, performance management, security management, alarm management, and environment monitoring.

Equipment Management
Through the OM system, you can query the status of all the components (boards/modules) and all the external devices (power supply/environment monitoring/RET). You can also perform data configuration and status management for some devices.
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Software Management
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Provides various functions, such as downloading and activating the BTS software, upgrading patches, and loading and downloading files. The associated tasks involve consistency check on the software and hardware releases, release management, and software upgrade. Allows the BTS software upgrade through the USB port on the BBU without a PC.

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Configuration Management
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Checks whether the added, deleted, or changed BTS data is consistent with the actual situation. Supports automatic data backup. Supports dynamic and static data configuration. In dynamic data configuration, the data immediately takes effect after modification; in static data configuration, the modified data takes effect after the BTS is reset.

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Service Management
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Supports parameter setting and alarm query for the baseband boards, RET antenna, and environment monitoring device. Supports various OM functions for the RET antenna, such as automatic scanning, data configuration (antenna tilt and TMA gain), status query, and alarm reporting. Supports perfect self-test on hardware installation. The BTS can use the software package saved in the USB disk to perform local upgrade; thus shortening the upgrade period.

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Performance Management
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Monitors the performance of the internal and external telecommunications networks and generates alarms when the performance deteriorates Monitors the operating status of the BTS, such as monitors the traffic volume on the ports and measures the technical data of the BTS Monitoring the usage of key components in the board, such as the CPU and DSP

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Security Management
The OM system provides security management functions, such as connection management, user authentication, encryption, and forward and backward resolution of the interface messages between the BTS software and the OMC.

Alarm Management
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Supports query of real-time alarms and history alarms Collects internal and external alarms, such as the environment monitoring device inputs and Boolean inputs Processes alarm correlation to ensure precision and accuracy in locating alarms Provides functions of saving, interpreting, prompting, shielding, filtering, confirming, clearing, post processing, and reporting of alarms Provides functions of detecting and reporting alarms, and processing alarm correlation in the system
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Environment Monitoring
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The BTS has a perfect environment monitoring system. The environment monitoring system provides customized solutions regarding door control, infrared, smoke, water damage, humidity, and temperature monitoring.

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10 Technical Specifications of the BTS3900A

10
About This Chapter

Technical Specifications of the BTS3900A

The technical specifications of the BTS3900A involve capacity specifications, RF specifications, engineering specifications, surge protection specifications, physical ports, environmental requirements, and compliance standards. 10.1 Capacity Specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A capacity specifications are in terms of the number of TRXs and cells. 10.2 RF Specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The radio frequency specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A involve the specifications related to the operating frequency bands, the transmitter, and the receiver. 10.3 Engineering Specifications of the BTS3900A The BTS3900A engineering specifications consist of the dimensions, weight, power supply, and power consumption. 10.4 Surge Protection Specifications of the BTS3900A This describes the surge protection specifications of the BTS3900A. The surge protection specifications of the BTS3900A ports consist of the DC or AC power supply, antenna, signal, and dry contact alarms. 10.5 Physical Ports of the BTS3900A The BTS3900A provides many physical ports to connect to the external equipment. The physical ports of the BTS3900A consists of power ports, transmission ports, and alarm ports. 10.6 Compliance Standards of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A complies with the standards of power distribution, EMC, surge protection, safety, operating environment, transportation adaptability, and storage adaptability. 10.7 Environmental Requirements of the BTS3900A This describes the environmental requirements. The requirements consist of the BTS3900A consist of the environmental requirements for operating, transporting, and storing the BTS3900A.

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10 Technical Specifications of the BTS3900A

BTS3900A GSM Product Description

10.1 Capacity Specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A
The BTS3900/BTS3900A capacity specifications are in terms of the number of TRXs and cells.
l l l l

A single cabinet holds up to six DRFUs. A single cabinet serves up to six sectors. A single cabinet supports the maximum configuration of S4/4/4, up to 12 GSM TRXs. A single site supports up to 72 GSM TRXs in the maximum cell configuration of S24/24/24.

10.2 RF Specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A
The radio frequency specifications of the BTS3900/BTS3900A involve the specifications related to the operating frequency bands, the transmitter, and the receiver.

Operating Frequency Band
Table 10-1 lists the frequency bands supported by the BTS3900/BTS3900A. The spacing between two frequencies is 200 kHz. Table 10-1 Operating frequency bands of the BTS3900/BTS3900A Operating Frequency RX Frequency Band Band PGSM 900 MHz EGSM 900 MHz GSM 1800 MHz 890–915 MHz 880–915 MHz 1710–1785 MHz TX Frequency Band 935–960 MHz 925–960 MHz 1805–1880 MHz

Transmitter specification
Table 10-2 lists the rated output power of the DRFU in the BTS3900/BTS3900A. Table 10-2 Output power of the DRFU in the BTS3900/BTS3900A Operating Frequency Work Mode Band 900 MHz 900 MHz 900 MHz 1800 MHz 1800 MHz
10-2

Output Power (GMSK/ 8PSK TOC) 45 W/30 W 20 W/14 W 71 W/47 W 40 W/26 W 18 W/12 W
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10 Technical Specifications of the BTS3900A

Operating Frequency Work Mode Band 1800 MHz PBT

Output Power (GMSK/ 8PSK TOC) 63 W/42 W

Receiver specification
Table 10-3 lists the static receiver sensitivity of the BTS3900/BTS3900A. Table 10-3 Receiver sensitivity of the BTS3900/BTS3900A Receive Mode Receive independency Operating Frequency Band 900 MHz 1800 MHz Two-way receive diversity Four-way receive diversity 900 MHz 1800 MHz 900 MHz 1800 MHz Static Sensitivity (Typical Value) -113 dBm -113 dBm -116 dBm -116 dBm -118.5 dBm -118.5 dBm

10.3 Engineering Specifications of the BTS3900A
The BTS3900A engineering specifications consist of the dimensions, weight, power supply, and power consumption.

Dimensions
Table 10-4 lists the dimensions of the BTS3900A cabinet. Table 10-4 Dimensions Cabinet Type RF cabinet APM30 Power Cabinet Cabinet base Width (mm) 600 600 600 Depth (mm) 480 480 480 Height (mm) 700 700 200

Weight
Table 10-5 lists the weight of the BTS3900A cabinet.
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Table 10-5 Weight Cabinet Type RF cabinet (DRFUs not involved) RF cabinet (DRFUs involved) APM30 power cabinet (BBU not involved) APM30 power cabinet + RF cabinet Weight (kg) 58 130 65 205

Power supply
Power supply: The power supply to the BTS3900A meets the specifications listed in Table 10-6. Table 10-6 Specifications of the input power Power Type 220 V AC Rated value 220 V AC Allowed Range 176 V AC to 280 V AC

Power consumption
Table 10-7 shows the power consumption of BTS3900A. Table 10-7 BTS3900A Power Consumption Configurations S2/2/2 (900M, TOC = 20 W, not combined) S4/4/4 (900M, TOC = 20 W, combined) S4/4/4 (900M, TOC = 45 W, not combined) S2/2/2 (1800M, TOC = 18 W, not combined) S4/4/4 (1800M, TOC = 18 W, combined) S2/2/2 (1800M, TOC = 40 W, not combined) S4/4/4 (1800M, TOC = 40 W, not combined) Typical Power Consumption (W) 540 1150 1150 530 1140 750 1140 Maximum Power Consumption (W) 780 2120 2120 840 2070 1150 2070

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10.4 Surge Protection Specifications of the BTS3900A
This describes the surge protection specifications of the BTS3900A. The surge protection specifications of the BTS3900A ports consist of the DC or AC power supply, antenna, signal, and dry contact alarms.
NOTE

l l l

The surge protection specifications of the BTS3900A are defined in compliance with EN300 253, YD/T5098, and YD/T 5068. In addition, the specifications meet ITU-TK series and IEC61000-4-5. The unspecified surge current with maximum discharge current is called nominal discharge current. surge protection is required on the DC power input port upper-level .

Table 10-8 Surge protection specifications of the BTS3900A Port Name Signal port Surge Protection Mode Differential mode Common mode Transmission port Differential mode Common mode E1 port Differential mode Common mode AC input port Differential mode Common mode DC input port Differential mode Common mode Surge Current 3 kA (8/20 us surge current) 5 kA (8/20 us surge current) 3 kA (8/20 us surge current) 5 kA (8/20 us surge current) 3 kA (8/20 us surge current) 5 kA (8/20 us surge current) 60 kA (8/20 us surge current) 60 kA (8/20 us surge current) 10 kA (8/20 us surge current) 15 kA (8/20 us surge current)

10.5 Physical Ports of the BTS3900A
The BTS3900A provides many physical ports to connect to the external equipment. The physical ports of the BTS3900A consists of power ports, transmission ports, and alarm ports.
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Power port
Table 10-9 Power ports of the BTS3900 Port Name Power input terminal Module Function

Wiring Unit of the Power 220 V AC input Subrack (220 V)

Transmission Ports
Table 10-10 BBU transmission ports Port Name INSIDE OUTSIDE Port DB25, male DB26 male Function Transmits the four E1/T1 signals between the UELP and the GTMU Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the BBU and the BSC Provides the input and output of the optical and electrical transmission signals between the BBU and the RF module Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC Reserved. Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information FE1 DLC connector Reserved. Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information

CPRI0-CPRI5

SFP

E1/T1

DB26 male

FE0

RJ45 connector

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Table 10-11 DRFU transmission ports Port Name CPRI0 Port SFP female connector Function Connected to the BBU directly, or connected to the upper-level cascaded DRFU Connected to the lower-level cascaded DRFU

CPRI1

SFP female connector

Alarms Ports
In the BTS3900A system, the alarms ports vary with the optional modules configured in the BBU3900.
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When the BBU3900 is configured with one UPEU, two RS485 buses and 8 dry contact signals are provided. When the BBU3900 is configured with two UPEUs or one UPEU plus one UEIU, 4 RS485 buses and 16 dry contact signals are provided.

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Table 10-12 BTS3900A alarm ports Port Name MON0 Port RJ45 connector Function Provides the input and output of the externally collected environment monitoring signals in format of the RS485 frame to the GTMU Reserved Transmits the externally collected environment monitoring signals in format of the dry contact signals to the GTMU Reserved

MON1 EXT-ALM0

RJ45 connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector

EXT-ALM1

Other External Ports
Table 10-13 Other external ports of the BTS3900A Port Name ETH Port RJ45 connector Function Used for local maintenance and commissioning

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Port Name USB

Port USB connector

Function Reserved. Used in software upgrade from a USB disk

TST

USB connector

Connected to a tester for testing the output clock signals

10.6 Compliance Standards of the BTS3900/BTS3900A
The BTS3900/BTS3900A complies with the standards of power distribution, EMC, surge protection, safety, operating environment, transportation adaptability, and storage adaptability.

Power Distribution Standards
The compliance standards are as follows:
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ETS300132-1-1 Power Supply Interface at the Input to Telecommunication Equipment ETS300132-1-2 Power Supply Interface at the Input to Telecommunication Equipment

EMC Standards
The compliance standards are as follows:
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CISPR 22 (1997): limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of information EN55022 (1998): limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of information CISPR 24 (1998): Information Technology Equipment --Immunity characteristics --Limits and methods measurement IEC61000-4-2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 2:  Testing and measurement techniques Section 2:  Electrostatic discharge immunity test Basic EMC Publication IEC61000-4-3: Electromagnetic compatibility; Part 3:  Testing and measurement techniques Section 3 radio frequency electromagnetic fields; immunity test IEC61000-4-4: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4:  Testing and measurement techniques Section 4:  Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test Basic EMC publication IEC61000-4-5: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 5:  Testing and measurement techniques Section 5:  Surge immunity test IEC61000-4-6: Electromagnetic compatibility: Part 6:  Testing and measurement techniques: Section 6 conducted disturbances induced by radio-frequency fields; immunity test IEC61000-4-29: Electromagnetic compatibility: Part 29: Testing and measurement techniques and voltage variations on d.c. Input power port immunity test

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10 Technical Specifications of the BTS3900A

ETSI 301 489-1 V1.3.1 (2001-09): Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM);  Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 1:  Common technical requirements FCC Part 15: Federal Communication Committee - part 15- radio frequency device

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Surge Protection Standards
The compliance standards are as follows:
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IEC 61312-1(1995) Protection Against Lightning Electromagnetic Impulse Part I : General Principles IEC 61643-1(1998) Surge Protective devices connected to low-voltage power distribution systems ITU-T K.11(1993) Principles of Protection Against Overvoltage and Overcurrents ITU-T K.27(1996) Bonding Configurations and Earthing Inside a Telecommunication Building ETS 300 253(1995) Equipment Engineering; Earthing and bonding of telecommunication equipment in telecommunication centers

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Safety Standards
The compliance standards are as follows:
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3G TR34.907 V3.0.0 Report on electrical safety requirements and regulations IEC 60950-1 Safety of information technology equipment EN 60950-1 Safety of information technology equipment IEC60215 Safety requirement for radio transmitting equipment

Operating Environment Standards
The compliance standards are as follows:
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EUROPEAN ETS 300 019-1-3 Class 3.1 "Stationary use at weatherprotected locations" EUROPEAN ETS 300 753: Equipment Engineering(EE) Acoustic noise emitted by telecommunications equipment 1997 EUROPEAN ETS 300 019-1-3-Amd

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Transportation Adaptability Standards
The compliance standard is as follows: EUROPEAN ETS 300 019-1-2 Class 2.3 "PUBLIC transportation"

Storage Adaptability Standards
The compliance standard is as follows: EUROPEAN ETS 300 019-1-1 Class 1.2 "not temperature-controlled storage"
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10.7 Environmental Requirements of the BTS3900A
This describes the environmental requirements. The requirements consist of the BTS3900A consist of the environmental requirements for operating, transporting, and storing the BTS3900A. 10.7.1 Environmental Requirements for Operating the BTS3900A This describes the working environment of the BTS3900A, which should meet the specified requirements. The specified requirements consists of the climatic, biological, air purity, and mechanical stress requirements. 10.7.2 Environmental Requirements for Transporting the BTS3900A This describes the optimal transportation environment of the BTS3900A. It focuses on the climatic, waterproofing, biological, air purity, and mechanical stress requirements for transporting the BTS3900A. 10.7.3 Environmental Requirements for Storing the BTS3900A This describes the optimal storage environment of the BTS3900A. It focuses on the climatic, waterproofing, biological, air purity, and mechanical stress requirements for storing the BTS3900A.

10.7.1 Environmental Requirements for Operating the BTS3900A
This describes the working environment of the BTS3900A, which should meet the specified requirements. The specified requirements consists of the climatic, biological, air purity, and mechanical stress requirements.

Climatic requirements
Table 10-14 lists the climatic requirements during the operation of the BTS3900A. Table 10-14 Climatic requirements Item Temperature Document Scope -40 ºC to +50 ºC (without canopy) -40 ºC to +55 ºC (with canopy) Temperature variation rate Relative humidity Altitude ≤ 3 ºC/min 5% RH to 100% RH
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The BTS operates normally when the altitude ranges from -60 m to 3,000 m. When the altitude ranges from 3,000 m to 4,000 m, the operating temperature of the BTS drops by 1ºC each time the altitude increases by 200 m.

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Air pressure Solar radiation

70 kPa to 106 kPa ≤ 1120 W/s2

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Item Thermal radiation Wind speed

Document Scope ≤ 600 W/s2 ≤50 m/s

Biological Environment Requirements
The operating environment of the BTS3900A should meet the following biological requirements:
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No fungus or mildew may grow in the equipment room or near the equipment. The place is free from rodents, such as rats.

Air Cleanness Requirements
The air cleanliness requirements related to the operating environment are as follows:
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The air is free from explosive, conductive, magnetically conductive, or corrosive dust. The density of chemically active materials meets the requirements listed in Table 10-15. Table 10-15 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances Chemically Active Substance SO2 H2S NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 NOx Unit mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 Density ≤0.30 ≤0.10 ≤1.00 ≤0.10 ≤0.10 ≤0.01 ≤0.05 ≤0.05

Mechanical Stress Requirements
Table 10-16 lists the mechanical stress that the equipment can endure during operation.

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Table 10-16 Requirements for mechanical stress Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub item Shift Acceleration Frequency range Unsteady impact Impact response spectrum II Static payload Document Scope ≤3 mm None 2 Hz to 9 Hz ≤250 m/s2 None ≤10.0 m/s2 9–200 Hz

0

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The impact response spectrum refers to the maximum acceleration response curve generated by the equipment under the specified impact excitation. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6ms. The static payload refers to the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in normal pile-up method.

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10.7.2 Environmental Requirements for Transporting the BTS3900A
This describes the optimal transportation environment of the BTS3900A. It focuses on the climatic, waterproofing, biological, air purity, and mechanical stress requirements for transporting the BTS3900A.

Climatic Requirements
The transportation environment of the BTS3900A should meet the climatic requirements listed in Table 10-17. Table 10-17 Climatic requirements Item Temperature Temperature variation rate Relative humidity Document Scope -40 ºC to +70 ºC ≤ 3 ºC/min 10% to 100% (without wind)

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Item Altitude

Document Scope
l

The BTS operates normally when the altitude ranges from -60 m to 3,000 m. When the altitude ranges from 3,000 m to 4,000 m, the operating temperature of the BTS drops by 1ºC each time the altitude increases by 200 m.

l

Air pressure Solar radiation Thermal radiation Wind speed Road class

70 kPa to 106 kPa ≤ 1,120 W/m2 ≤ 600 W/m2 ≤ 50 m/s 2K4, including 2K3 and package transportation on 3rd-level roads in high altitude areas without environment protection

Waterproof Requirements
The waterproofing requirements related to the transportation of the BTS are as follows:
l l

The package should be intact. Waterproofing measures should be taken to prevent rainwater from leaking into the package. There should be no water accumulated inside transportation vehicles.

l

Biological Environment Requirements
The transportation environment of the BTS3900A should meet the following biological requirements:
l l

No fungus or mildew may grow in the equipment room or near the equipment. The place is free from rodents, such as rats.

Air Cleanness Requirements
The transportation environment of the BTS3900A should meet the following air cleanness requirements:
l l

The air is free from explosive, conductive, magnetic conductive, or corrosive dust. The mechanically active substance must meet the requirements listed in Table 10-18.

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Table 10-18 Requirements for the density of mechanically active substances Mechanically Active Substance Suspended dust Falling dust Sand
NOTE
l Suspended dust: diameter ≤ 75 μm l Falling dust: 75 μm ≤ diameter ≤ 150 μm l Sand: 150 μm ≤ diameter ≤ 1,000 μm

Unit (mg/m3) mg/m2h (mg/m3)

Density ≤ 35 ≤ 0.2 ≤ 30

l

The density of chemically active materials meets the requirements listed in Table 10-19. Table 10-19 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances Chemically Active Substance SO2 H2S NOx NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Unit (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) Density ≤ 0.30 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0.05 ≤ 1.00 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0.01 ≤ 0.05

Mechanical Stress Requirements
The transportation environment of the BTS3900A should meet the mechanical stress requirements listed in Table 10-20. Table 10-20 Requirements for mechanical stress Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub item Shift Acceleration Document Scope ≤ 3.5 mm None None ≤ 10.0 m/s2 None ≤ 15.0 m/s2

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Item

Sub item Frequency range

Document Scope 2–9 Hz 30 m2/s3 2–10 Hz ≤ 250 m/s3 ≤ 10 kPa 9–200 Hz 3 m2/s3 10–200 Hz 200–500 Hz 1 m2/s3 200–500 Hz

Random vibration

Spectrum density of accelerated speed Frequency range

Unsteady impact

Impact response spectrum II Static payload

NOTE
l The impact response spectrum refers to the maximum acceleration response curve generated by the

equipment under the specified impact excitation. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6ms.
l The static payload refers to the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top

in normal pile-up method.

10.7.3 Environmental Requirements for Storing the BTS3900A
This describes the optimal storage environment of the BTS3900A. It focuses on the climatic, waterproofing, biological, air purity, and mechanical stress requirements for storing the BTS3900A.

Climatic Requirements
The storage environment of the BTS3900A should meet the climatic requirements listed in Table 10-21. Table 10-21 Climatic requirements Item Temperature Temperature variation rate Relative humidity Altitude Document Scope -40 ºC to +70 ºC ≤ 0.5 ºC/min 10% to 100% (without wind)
l

The BTS operates normally when the altitude ranges from -60 m to 3,000 m. When the altitude ranges from 3,000 m to 4,000 m, the operating temperature of the BTS drops by 1ºC each time the altitude increases by 200 m.

l

Air pressure Solar radiation

70 kPa to 106 kPa ≤ 1,120 W/m2

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Item Thermal radiation Wind speed

Document Scope ≤ 600 W/m2 ≤ 50 m/s

Waterproof Requirements
The storage environment of the BTS3900A should be waterproof. The equipment is preferably stored indoors. The indoor storage environment should meet the following waterproof requirements:
l

There should be no water on the ground, and water should not leak into the package of the equipment. In the equipment room, the BTS3900A is installed in a position that is not prone to water, for example, from automatic fire protection devices or the air conditioner.

l

If the equipment has to be placed outdoors, ensure that:
l l l l

The package is intact. Waterproofing measures are taken to prevent rainwater from leaking into the package. There is no water on the ground and water does not leak into the package. The package is not directly exposed to sunlight.

Biological Environment Requirements
The storage environment of the BTS3900A should meet the following biological requirements:
l l

No fungus or mildew may grow in the equipment room or near the equipment. The place is free from rodents, such as rats.

Air Cleanness Requirements
The storage environment of the BTS3900A should meet the following air cleanness requirements:
l

There should be no explosive, conductive, magnetic conductive, or corrosive dust in the air. The mechanically active substance must meet the requirements listed in Table 10-22. Table 10-22 Requirements for the density of mechanically active substances Mechanically Active Substance Suspended dust Falling dust Sand Unit (mg/m3) mg/m2h (mg/m3)
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l

Density ≤ 5.00 ≤500.00 ≤ 300
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Mechanically Active Substance
NOTE

Unit

Density

l Suspended dust: diameter ≤ 75 μm l Falling dust: 75 μm ≤ diameter ≤ 150 μm l Sand: 150 μm ≤ diameter ≤ 1,000 μm

l

The density of chemically active materials meets the requirements listed in Table 10-23. Table 10-23 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances Chemically Active Substance SO2 H2S NOx NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Unit (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) (mg/m3) Density ≤ 0.30 ≤ 0.10 ≤0.50 ≤ 1.00 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0.01 ≤ 0.05

Mechanical Stress Requirements
The storage environment of the BTS3900A should meet the mechanical stress requirements listed in Table 10-24. Table 10-24 Requirements for mechanical stress Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub item Shift Acceleration Frequency range Unsteady impact Impact response spectrum II Static payload Document Scope ≤ 1.5 mm 2–9 Hz ≤ 250 m/s2 ≤ 5 kPa ≤ 5.0 m/s2 9–200 Hz

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BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Item
NOTE

Sub item

Document Scope

l The impact response spectrum refers to the maximum acceleration response curve generated by the

equipment under the specified impact excitation. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6 ms.
l The static payload refers to the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top

in normal pile-up method.

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