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BP Statistical Review

of World Energy
June 2011
bp.com/statisticalreview

What’s inside?
1 Introduction
1
2

Group chief executive’s introduction
2010 in review

Reserves
Production and consumption
Prices
Refining
Trade movements

20 Natural gas
20
22
27
28

Reserves
Production and consumption
Prices
Trade movements

30 Coal
30
32

Reserves and prices
Production and consumption

35 Nuclear energy
35

36

Consumption

38 Renewable energy

6 Oil
6
8
15
16
18

36 Hydroelectricity

Consumption

38
39

Other renewables consumption
Biofuels production

40 Primary energy
40
41

Consumption
Consumption by fuel

44 Appendices
44
44
45

Approximate conversion factors
Definitions
More information

About this Review
For 60 years, the BP Statistical Review of
World Energy has provided high-quality, objective
and globally consistent data on world energy
markets. The Review is one of the most widely
respected and authoritative publications in the field
of energy economics, used for reference by the
media, academia, world governments and energy
companies. A new edition is published every June.
Methodology
The following methodological changes have been made to this
year’s Review:
• Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-to-liquids,
coal-to-liquids, and coal-to-gas) are counted as production for
the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption
for the converted fuel.
• A new table has been added to the Review for consumption
of commercial electricity produced from renewable sources.
Electricity from renewable sources is converted to tonnes of
oil equivalent following the same methodology used for
nuclear and hydroelectricity, and is included in the primary
energy consumption calculation.
• A new table has been added for biofuels production. Biofuels
consumption continues to be included in oil consumption data
(see footnotes to oil consumption table).
Find out more online
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 is available online
at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains all the tables
and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of
extras, including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear
energy, electricity and renewables.
• An energy charting tool, where you can view predetermined
reports or chart specific data according to energy type, region
and year.
• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the charts, maps
and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the historical data.
Appendices
For approximate conversion factors
and definitions see page 44.
View or order this Review at
bp.com/statisticalreview
About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, serving
millions of customers in more than 90 countries across six continents.
Our business segments are Exploration and Production, and Refining
and Marketing. Through these business segments, we provide fuel
for transportation, retail brands and energy for heat and light.

Disclaimer
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011
does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved
reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of
Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and
Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and Exchange
Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the
data series has been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data.

Guide to navigation
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 uses
the following icons and colour coding to help you navigate
your way quickly and easily through the document. Icons
and colours represent various energy types so you can
see, at a glance, which section you are in.

Oil
Natural gas
Coal
Nuclear energy
Hydroelectricity
Renewable energy
Primary energy

Group chief executive’s introduction

Bob Dudley
Group Chief Executive
June 2011

Energy in 2010 –
a strong rebound

Welcome to the 60th anniversary edition of the BP Statistical Review
of World Energy. Sixty years is a long time, and the energy world has
seen breathtaking change over this period – in technology, in political
and economic systems, and in many other facets of the environment
in which companies like ours operate. And yet the need for rigorous
information on global energy seems more important today than ever.
The data has changed dramatically – but this Review’s purpose
remains the same as it was in 1951: to provide the most timely,
objective global energy data available.

The Statistical Review has evolved in response to changes
in the world’s energy mix, as well as the increasingly global markets
that distribute that energy. What began as a review of global oil data
has expanded over the years to include natural gas, coal, nuclear
energy and hydroelectricity. Additional online content was added as
the internet grew in importance. This year, we are including for the
first time in the printed Review tables on renewable energy.

The story told by the data in this year’s Review is that of a
strong rebound of global energy consumption in 2010, following the
global recession. Consumption growth reached 5.6%, the highest
rate since 1973. It increased strongly for all forms of energy and in
all regions. Total consumption of energy in 2010 easily surpassed the
pre-recession peak reached in 2008. While consumption in emerging
economies continued to rise rapidly, OECD countries also saw growth
well above average. Globally, energy consumption grew more rapidly
than the economy, meaning that the energy intensity of economic
activity increased for a second consecutive year. The data implies
that global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel consumption will also have
grown strongly last year.

These facts pose important questions for our industry and the
countries where we produce and provide energy. They demonstrate
the need to redouble efforts to reduce energy intensity and pursue
a sustainable mix for the future. They also point to the need for
continuing investment to provide the increasing volumes of energy
that the world requires – all the time making sure that safety is our
utmost priority, something of which we are very mindful in BP,
following last year’s tragedy in the Gulf of Mexico.

Encouragingly, last year, the strong recovery in energy
consumption was accompanied by strong growth in production.
However, energy prices diverged: oil prices rebounded globally,
while natural gas and coal prices varied by region. Not surprisingly,
higher prices meant that oil saw the weakest consumption growth
among fossil fuels last year. OPEC production cuts, instituted during
the global recession, remained in effect throughout 2010 (and so far
this year) and informal production increases were not sufficient to
avoid higher prices in the face of the strong recovery in consumption.
Natural gas prices remained weak in North America – where
production of shale gas continued to climb – and were on average
lower in continental Europe, in part due to changes in contractual
pricing arrangements. Global LNG and UK spot prices increased
more strongly in the face of robust consumption growth. Coal prices
grew robustly in Europe, but were weak in the US and Japan.

Events so far this year have kept the world’s focus on energy:
the tragic tsunami in Japan and unrest in the Arab world have
disrupted energy flows, and rising prices ‘at the pump’ have raised
concerns about slowing the economic recovery. In uncertain times
such as these, the Statistical Review’s long-standing focus on
objective global energy data provides much-needed perspective
to help inform thinking in business, governments and civil society.
We hope that you will find this 60th edition to be a useful source
of information and insight.

I would like to thank BP’s economics team and all those around
the world who have helped prepare this Review – in particular those
in government in many countries who report the official data.

1

2010 in review
Overview
Global energy consumption in 2010 rebounded
strongly, driven by economic recovery. The
growth in energy consumption was broad-based,
with mature OECD economies joining non-OECD
countries in growing at above-average rates.
All forms of energy grew strongly, with growth in
fossil fuels suggesting that global CO2 emissions
from energy use grew at the fastest rate
since 1969.

Energy price developments were mixed.
Oil prices remained in the $70-80 range for much
of the year before rising in the fourth quarter.
With the OPEC production cuts implemented in
2008/09 still in place, average oil prices for the
year as a whole were the second-highest on
record. Natural gas prices grew strongly in the
UK and in markets indexed to oil prices (including
much of the world’s LNG); but prices remained
weak in North America – where shale gas
production continued to increase – and in
continental Europe (partly due to a growing share
of spot-priced deliveries). Coal prices remained
weak in Japan and North America, but rose
strongly in Europe.

1

Images
1 Downtown Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
2 Deepwater Gunashli platform, Azerbaijan.

Energy developments
World primary energy consumption – which this year includes for
the first time a time series for commercial renewable energy –
grew by 5.6% in 2010, the largest increase (in percentage terms)
since 1973. Consumption in OECD countries grew by 3.5%, the
strongest growth rate since 1984, although the level of OECD
consumption remains roughly in line with that seen 10 years ago.
Non-OECD consumption grew by 7.5% and was 63% above the
2000 level. Consumption growth accelerated in 2010 for all regions,
and growth was above average in all regions. Chinese energy
consumption grew by 11.2%, and China surpassed the US as the
world’s largest energy consumer. Oil remains the world’s leading
fuel, at 33.6% of global energy consumption, but oil continued to
lose market share for the 11th consecutive year.

Global energy consumption;
the strongest growth since 1973.

China’s share of global energy
consumption; the world’s largest.

2

+5.6%
%
20.3

Growth in global oil consumption. and for the first time accounted for a majority of global throughput. or 2. Chinese throughput grew by 1 million b/d.8 million b/d. OECD consumption grew by 0.1% 3 . though crude still accounts for 70% of global oil trade. the largest increase since 2002.2010 in review Oil 2 Dated Brent averaged $79. After falling for two consecutive years. Non-OPEC countries accounted for 58. an increase of 29% from the 2009 but still nearly $18 per barrel below the 2008 record level.000 b/d.6%.2%. the first increase since 2005.4%. or 5.8%. The gains in production were shared between OPEC and non-OPEC producers. the aggregate growth figure hides net reductions in the OECD markets of Europe. with prices reaching a peak near $94 at year-end. or 13.8 million b/d. Very strong consumption growth and continuing OPEC production restraint helped to push prices higher late in the year.000 b/d) and the Middle East (+2.000 b/d) and Qatar (+220. or 2. and Russia. The growth in global trade was roughly split between crude and refined products.5%. to reach a record level of 87.000 b/d). Installed refining capacity in the non-OECD now exceeds that of the OECD by 1.5%. Global crude runs increased by 1.000 b/d).50 per barrel in 2010. with Chinese consumption growing by 860. 570.000 b/d.4%) were the fastest-growing refined product category globally.000 b/d) accounting for almost 90% of the global total. although relaxed production discipline and rising output not subject to production allocations resulted in an increase of 960. the weakest among fossil fuels. middle distillates (+4. This was the largest percentage increase since 2004 but still the weakest global growth rate among fossil fuels. global oil consumption grew by 2. Driven by the economic recovery. Global refinery capacity utilization rose to 81. 680. Japan. with net Asia Pacific imports accounting for nearly 90% of the growth. the US and Canada.5%. Net export growth was largely from the Former Soviet Union (+7. Outside the OECD. Other benchmark crudes registered similar increases. However.4%.7 million barrels per day (b/d).2% of global oil production in 2010. consumption growth was a record 2. Continued declines in Norway – which saw the world’s largest decline – and the UK partly offset growth elsewhere. Net imports grew robustly in China (+14.000 b/d) and Japan (+7.4%.2%.2 million b/d. Growth was led by China – which recorded its largest production increase ever – the US. Capacity additions were concentrated in the non-OECD.1%. but did not match the rapid growth in consumption. roughly the same share as in 2000. Oil production outside OPEC grew by 860.4 million b/d. or 1. or 1. or 3.9% (480. After two consecutive declines. The largest increases were in Nigeria (+340.000 b/d).6%. Global oil production increased by 1. 280. Refining capacity increased by 720. or 2. the slowest growth since 2003.2 million b/d.5 million b/d.1%. global oil trade grew by 2.000 b/d last year.000 b/d). Non-OECD countries accounted for 85% of the increase. OPEC production cuts implemented late in 2008 were maintained throughout 2010.000 b/d or 10. +3.2%. 470. with growth in China (640. Growth remained robust in China and Middle Eastern countries.

led by growth in Russian exports. the largest volumetric growth was in South Korea. rising by 5.7%). Natural gas consumption growth.2010 in review Natural gas 1 World natural gas consumption grew by 7. Pipeline shipments grew by 5. Consumption growth was above average in all regions except the Middle East. Among LNG importers. A 22.4% . the strongest since 1984.7%). led by a 21. Global natural gas production grew by 7.7%) and Qatar (+30.6% and to a new record high. the UK and Japan. LNG now accounts for 30.1% in 2010. +7.4%. the US (+4.5% of global gas trade. with the world’s largest volumetric increase). The US had the world’s largest increase in consumption (in volumetric terms). falling for a fourth consecutive year. Russia and China also registered large increases – the largest volumetric increases in the country’s history in each case. The US remained the world’s largest producer.3%. with supply of unconventional gas continuing to grow despite weak North American natural gas prices (which traded at record discounts to crude oil in 2011) – while Canadian production saw the world’s largest decline. Production grew rapidly in Russia (+11.4%.6%.5% increase in India. Consumption in other Asian countries also grew rapidly (+10. the most rapid increase since 1984.2% increase in Qatari shipments. 4 Global natural gas trade increased by a robust 10.6% increase in LNG shipments was driven by a 53.

US.5%).3%. Louisiana. Other renewable energy sources continued to grow rapidly. or 240. Acknowledgements We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide the publicly-available data for this publication.com/statisticalreview.bp.000 b/d. 3 4 5 Images 1 Gas reception facility. 5 .1%. US. Coal now accounts for 29.000 b/d. 2 Digger working in a coal mine. Nevada. China last year consumed 48. the strongest growth since 1979. Global coal production grew by 6. constituting one of the largest sources of liquids production growth in the world.2% of the world’s coal and accounted for nearly two-thirds of global consumption growth. which together accounted for nearly 70% of global growth. The increase in wind energy in turn was driven by China and the US. further detail on renewable forms of energy.2% Coal’s share of global energy consumption. and electricity generation – is available at www. the highest since 1970. and to the researchers at the Heriot-Watt University Energy Academy who assist in the data compilation. Global hydroelectric and nuclear output each saw the strongest increases since 2004. Peterhead power station.2010 in review Other fuels 2 29. the fastest global growth since 2003. Chinese consumption grew by 10. Aberdeenshire. with China accounting for more than 60% of global growth due to a combination of new capacity and wet weather. UK.2%. Nevada. French nuclear output rose by 4. Chinese share of global coal consumption. Worldwide nuclear output grew by 2%.8%.8% of global energy consumption. 4 Palo Verde nuclear power plant.000 b/d. Growth was driven by the US (+140. up from 25.7%).6% 10 years ago. or 17%) and Brazil (+50. with China (+9%) again accounting for two-thirds of global growth. US.3%.6% 1. or 11. Elsewhere.5%. Global biofuels production in 2010 grew by 13. 5 Producing cellulosic ethanol at Verenium’s cellulosic biofuels business. 3 Hoover Dam. Coal consumption grew by 7. Additional information – including historical time series for the fuels reported in this Review. driven by continued robust growth in wind energy (+22. These forms of renewable energy accounted for 1. helping to explain the relative strength of coal prices in Europe.8% 48. Share of renewables in global energy consumption.6% in 2000. accounting for the largest volumetric increase in the world. with strong growth in all regions. Renewable energy used in power generation grew by 15. But consumption growth was robust elsewhere as well: OECD consumption grew by 5. Hydroelectric output grew by 5.6% of global energy consumption.4%. up from 0. coal production grew robustly in the US and Asia but fell in the EU. with three-quarters of the increase coming from OECD countries.6% in 2010.

8 10. America Total S.5 97.5 2.5 1.8 0.0 n/a 65.3 13.6 9.6 14.1 10.7 0.8 12.2 8.0 39.4 0.3% 100.3 1.5 n/a n/a 4.2 91.3% 0.5% 9.Oil Proved reserves At end 1990 Thousand million barrels At end 2000 Thousand million barrels At end 2009 Thousand million barrels Thousand million tonnes US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.3 n/a n/a 30.1% 0.5 5.3 1.1% 0.6 2.0 1.2 51.2 6.7 11.7 5.7 46.9 264.168mb’.0 0.4% 0. that noted in 2008 that the figure included ‘proven reserves of the Magna Reserve Project in the Orinoco Belt.3 107.3 0.4 0.0 0.5 9.2 115.2 59.0 1.5 8.1 8.2 6.3 126.5 112.2% ◆ 54.3 19.2 125.6 2.0 8.5 1.2% ◆ 0.2 76.6 1.6% 0.2 1.6 0.7% 0.2 1376.2 1.6 0.7 0.0 1.2 30.6 11.8 7.5 21.8 0.2 1.1 0.6 4.6% ◆ 0.2 35.9 25.8 0.2% 10.0 4.5 96.1 5.9 0.1 0.3 4.7 0.8 1.4 4.5 6.0 11.1 11.6 7.5 4.4 0.4 0.5% ◆ 5.1% 15.4 143.3 40.1 143.7 3.6 2.9 93.2 16.3 23.8 19.2 0.1 8.6 18.5 1.3 96.3 1.9 1.0 0.1% 0.2% 9.2 0.6 * 28.8 25.0 0.9 100.9 32.3 0.5 25.6% 77.1% 3.4 37.8 20.4 0.7 0.4 1.0 97.4 1.4 176. Oil & Gas Journal and an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information in the public domain.5 – 0.5 n/a 0.4 146.6 ◆Less than 0.5% ◆ 0.3 80.7 0.6 5.1 30.6 92.4 237.4 1. #Excludes Lithuania and Slovenia in 1990. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year.7 137.6 10.3% 3.8 6.1 2.3% 0.6 2.0 29.5 2.4 * * 17.7 18.0 0.6 0.0% 6.7 0.8 0.0 5.3 0.7 88.0 36.8 87.7 9.5 9.3 132.4 37.9 262.7 130.3 1. At end 2010 Thousand million Share barrels of total 30.3% 0.5 76.9 1.3 0.05.5 14.9% 8.2 696.0 33.0 0.9 76.0 11.5 0.8% 5.3% 0.2 13.1 0.5 14.7 42.2 137.9 25.1 2.8 1.4 17.3 20.2 1.8 211.0 101.1% 0.3% 7.0 260.3 1268.3 1003.1 1526.7% 0.9 18.6 0. †Less than 0.3 97.5 5.3 45.7 36.6 15.3 1.5 2.2 13. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union # Former Soviet Union Canadian oil sands• Proved reserves and oil sands 33.8 n/a 8.1 1519.1 659.7 6.2 3.4 74. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.1% 0.9 32.2 6.2 1.8 211.0 0.0 1.4 0.2 0.9 1.2 1383.4 2.8 3.4 4.4 0.6 32.2 34.8 2. •‘Remaining established reserves’.3 2.2 5.1 1.3% 0.0 25.1 21.3 849.1 752.9% 1. which amounted to 94.1% 0.4 763.2% 2.5 97.3% 0.3 2.4 18.4% 2.0 115.8 18.5 85.5% 0.8 0.9 30.1 27. third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat.3 † 101.6 0.9 22.3% 0.6 44.8 2. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources.2 0.9 58.3 81.1 0.8 14.1 4.3 139.6 0.8 4.7 3. Venezuelan reserves are taken from the OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin.8 92.3 15.7 0.4 139.2 68.1 63.9 1.5 2.9 93.8 2. & Cent.5 12. Canadian proved reserves include an official 26.6 0.9% 0.0% 0.0 18.5 0.6 60.7 46.4% 0.4 188.0 39.1 0.0 101.1 0.5 5.7 17. & Cent.9 99.5 12.3% 0.1 0.6 0.4 1068.5% 0. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.8 15.9 98.3 212.4% ◆ 0.6 2.8 0.3 14.6 3.6 71.1% 0.9 17.1 16.0 62.0 4.1% 9.7 17.1% 17.6 2.1 752.3 5.6 7.3 0.9 4.7 168.8 2.9 1.0 115.8 11.2 0.2 5.8 17.5 1.1% 2.9 18.4 6.6 – 0.0 4.8 46.8 5.5 1.1 41.3 2.0% 0. the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.8 2.4 3.6 5.1 1.2% 13.1 14.0 *More than 100 years.4 239.4 4.2 1.5 14.9 0.3 6.2 72.8 0.7 3.9 0.9 4.3 6.0 188.2 17.0 0.9 3.3 26.7 74.6 182.4 7.7 3.2 1.1 0.5 1.4 3.1% R/P ratio 11.5 1.1 163.6 6.8 94.4 0.9% 19.3 42.4% 1.3 10.4 36.05%.5 25.8 22.8 9.1% 0.8 0.5 billion barrels for oil sands ‘under active development’.4 37. 6 .1% 0.5 77.0 1068.5 20.1 14.7 0.0 0.1 4.1% 1.5 0.8 16.4 45.3 97.2 1.2 13.9 264.9 1.1 0.6 12.4 0.8 17.0 5.1 11.6 2. less reserves ‘under active development’.6 0.1 0.2 15.7 93.2% 7.1 1104.5 34.4% 0. Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.0 0.2% 1. Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.0 0.7 2.9 6.3 5.

America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific 0 80 85 90 95 00 05 10 0 World proved oil reserves in 2010 were sufficient to meet 46.9 17. down slightly from the 2009 R/P ratio because of a large increase in world production.2 thousand million barrels 54.2 3. America Europe & Eurasia Africa North America Asia Pacific 3.4 5.5 2010 Total 1383. surpassing the Middle East.6 2000 Total 1104.1 9.5 6.6 63.7 8.1 7. & Cent.1 8.2 thousand million barrels 9.4 9. & Cent.1 1990 Total 1003.8 10. America Europe & Eurasia Africa Middle East Asia Pacific 80 150 140 130 120 110 100 60 90 80 70 40 60 50 40 20 30 20 10 North America S.3 3.9 thousand million barrels 5.9 years – the world’s largest.6 65.3 7 . & Cent. An increase in Venezuelan official reserve estimates drove Latin America’s R/P ratio to 93.2 years of global production. 2000 and 2010 Percentage Middle East S.9 8. global proved reserves rose slightly last year. Distribution of proved reserves in 1990.Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years History 2010 by region 100 160 World North America S.

7% 30.5% 374 17661 -0.9% 41.0% 0.5% 41.5% 89 -4.7% 1. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 7733 2721 3450 13904 819 1268 711 409 100 138 3239 130 6813 282 363 95 744 3346 131 6536 144 2667 177 465 14950 3855 2614 2206 959 757 9491 548 2620 450 48 23547 1578 746 – 254 781 91 327 1475 2155 174 78 144 7804 809 193 3252 726 1456 735 176 328 200 7874 74893 21531 53361 31145 35734 3493 8014 7669 2677 3560 13906 830 1337 627 416 98 135 3142 137 6722 301 348 86 836 3418 130 7056 162 2476 171 466 15450 3892 2523 2148 960 754 9209 581 2551 455 47 23120 1562 742 – 234 758 177 301 1427 2274 217 71 134 7897 733 203 3306 727 1387 719 191 350 195 7811 74906 21314 53592 30640 35606 3285 8660 7626 2858 3585 14069 818 1499 601 401 98 155 2895 152 6619 311 371 115 1018 3333 127 7698 182 2463 171 501 16289 3709 2116 1995 904 764 8928 548 2390 457 48 21858 1680 905 – 238 751 230 295 1375 2103 241 74 135 8028 730 210 3346 753 1289 757 204 354 193 7837 74700 21440 53260 29261 35907 3339 9533 7400 3004 3789 14193 806 1555 564 427 92 164 2554 153 6314 313 368 116 1111 3264 123 8544 202 2257 166 509 16973 4183 1344 2329 824 879 10164 527 2695 448 48 23442 1852 870 24 217 749 266 240 1485 2238 265 68 138 8411 624 214 3401 756 1176 776 236 364 195 7742 77075 21174 55900 31020 35556 3128 10499 7228 3085 3824 14137 754 1542 551 535 94 152 2907 144 6680 315 390 113 1297 3189 119 9287 193 2028 152 497 17580 4248 2030 2475 786 992 10638 495 2847 420 48 24981 1946 1103 168 223 721 351 235 1623 2431 301 71 164 9336 582 210 3481 773 1130 793 223 427 235 7854 80568 20775 59793 33776 35385 2902 11407 6895 3041 3760 13696 725 1716 554 541 111 171 2937 142 6898 452 377 127 1356 2969 114 9552 192 1809 126 469 17542 4234 1833 2618 778 1028 11114 450 2983 416 34 25488 2015 1405 173 245 696 358 234 1745 2499 305 73 154 9902 580 206 3637 738 1090 759 265 398 286 7959 81485 19870 61616 34951 34695 2659 11839 6841 3208 3683 13732 716 1809 559 545 116 174 2808 139 6865 654 342 120 1426 2779 105 9769 186 1636 125 458 17599 4286 1999 2690 742 1110 10853 435 3149 380 32 25675 2003 1421 153 278 697 342 235 1815 2420 331 70 153 9918 551 221 3705 762 996 747 286 367 305 7940 81729 19463 62266 35098 34315 2422 12316 6847 3297 3471 13616 699 1833 561 520 114 154 2613 141 6635 869 311 122 1484 2551 99 9978 198 1638 114 453 17815 4322 2143 2636 715 1197 10449 415 3053 345 35 25309 2016 1684 144 228 710 350 230 1820 2305 468 97 166 10218 555 194 3737 769 972 763 305 337 320 7951 81544 19114 62430 34757 33991 2388 12795 6734 3251 3167 13152 682 1899 616 514 120 149 2558 139 6676 915 287 108 1554 2459 98 9888 207 1526 114 432 17590 4327 2428 2782 754 1378 10846 398 3088 304 33 26338 1993 1875 127 241 722 347 235 1820 2113 480 89 162 10204 555 175 3809 768 1003 768 321 317 340 8054 82015 18414 63600 35722 33466 2222 12827 7271 3224 2979 13474 676 2029 685 495 145 151 2438 133 6753 1033 265 95 1688 2358 93 10035 210 1452 107 411 17745 4199 2442 2489 813 1345 9893 375 2750 287 37 24629 1818 1784 118 270 742 307 230 1652 2061 479 83 155 9698 520 168 3800 754 990 739 331 345 329 7978 80278 18471 61807 33365 33699 2088 13214 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 7513 3.8% 2.2% 826 9.5% 0.7% 0.9% 1.7% 0.0% 16.3% 264 ◆ 0.0% 10007 2.6% 80 -4.Production* Thousand barrels daily US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.4% 13484 2.2% 100.4% 2.2% 10098 4.9% 1037 0.4% 21.3% -7.1% 5.3% 2.5% 34287 1.7% 13808 2.8% 0.2% 486 1.1% 18490 63605 2.9% 34324 2.5% 312 -4.5% 0.3% 216 -7.3% -0.9% 2402 16.7% 77.5% 0.2% 2958 -0.1% 5.9% 10. 8 . & Cent.5% 3. Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives. America Total S.9% 1.4% 2.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.4% 370 6.2% 4071 7.2% 4245 0.8% 3.0% 1659 2.9% 5.3% 122 3.1% 106 11.6% 3.7% 3336 4.1% 87 -17.2% 82095 2.4% 3. shale oil.0% ◆ 0.6% 0. oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately).3% 8350 4.1% 2.2% 12.8% *Includes crude oil.9% 0.1% 143 -8.2% 8.8% 2137 5.5% 0.1% 2137 -9.7% 801 16.3% 0.8% 0.2% 0.9% 10270 2.3% 0.1% 2460 2508 0.0% 1809 1851 3.6% 0.2% 2471 131 -1. & Cent.5% 2.5% 0.8% 334 0.0% 865 1.5% 8.8% 1.6% 38 25188 1.6% 3.6% 1339 0.8% -7.2% 1.9% 0.8% 245 6.2% 12.2% 146 -4.7% 12. ◆Less than 0.1% 0.7% 1757 4.3% 249 -5.6% 495 157 8.0% 0.7% 0.2% 6989 3.1% 0.6% 651 -3.3% 0.2% 8.2% 562 8.5% 1.0% 986 -0.7% 1569 13.8% 0.3% 2.8% 0.5% 16.7% 1951 -6.3% 274 -10.3% 4.7% 0.05%. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.2% 716 -3.2% 22.4% 292 736 -0.5% 385 2849 3.6% 172 2.5% 2.9% 0.3% 1.

4% 0.4% 757 5.0% *Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss.3% 192 -1.5% 146 -5.9% 1304 0.3% 1185 10.9% 0.0% 3291 3.5% 4451 1. America Total S.6% 147 0.2% 239 3.1% 2276 5.9% 0.8% 0.1% 0.4% 3319 2.7% 2.6% 0.2% 338 10.8% 1. consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels.0% 21.0% 0.7% 78 -0.1% 101 0.7% 0. and unavoidable disparities in the definition.0% 7821 4.9% 531 2.8% 557 8.9% 1799 1.5% 1.Consumption* Thousand barrels daily US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.7% 0.1% 0.0% 46438 0.0% 7.7% 261 -1.4% 2.1% 100.1% 1505 -1.3% 1590 -1.0% 269 0.9% 93 -25.9% 1.4% 0.1% 3.9% 1174 -1.0% 0.2% 0.3% 184 3.4% 0.8% 104 2.3% 31.1% 9057 10.6% 1.0% 0.2% 43 4.2% 3199 9. Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.3% 27237 5. measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.8% 305 -0.1% 1057 0.2% 2. & Cent.8% 0.4% 4349 4.4% 0.1% 22.6% 0.4% 242 -7.9% 314 -6.9% 1.2% 0.1% 0.0% 0.6% 2604 9.1% 0.8% 0.5% 47. 9 .2% 0.0% 0.1% 133 -29.2% 0.2% 0.9% 3.5% 282 0.4% 238 4.6% 5.5% 0.1% 16.6% 8.2% 219 4.3% 568 3.1% 2.5% 0.8% 1653 3.5% 2.1% 0.4% 286 0.1% 765 4.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.6% 1026 4.1% 682 8.2% 158 -5.5% 87382 3.9% 0.1% 2441 1.0% 2. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 19701 1922 1950 23574 434 2018 233 235 128 153 36 559 1060 4855 242 120 140 694 88 167 212 220 1994 2746 398 144 167 1930 162 48 879 204 426 318 197 2698 73 1425 339 260 668 78 253 1704 154 433 19582 1304 279 249 60 1578 396 1155 5021 191 552 457 1238 2439 831 65 4766 201 2261 1143 5530 460 131 371 347 645 2252 882 835 171 242 21135 76605 48128 28477 14585 3743 19649 2008 1939 23595 431 2047 227 219 131 146 28 622 1106 4956 263 79 146 662 92 177 202 218 2010 2787 403 141 182 1920 179 55 922 216 419 321 211 2688 67 1469 349 278 636 82 284 1704 148 461 19769 1322 260 253 73 1622 400 1218 5148 198 537 468 1278 2481 839 80 4859 243 2288 1160 5394 479 131 365 345 706 2259 936 831 186 252 21353 77304 48139 29165 14754 3754 19761 2051 1864 23676 391 2030 225 214 130 146 33 660 1112 4941 269 73 142 682 96 172 197 222 1953 2697 406 139 179 1915 191 51 933 211 430 332 220 2730 75 1473 356 264 647 85 282 1700 145 483 19750 1423 260 273 84 1668 439 1228 5374 221 524 480 1315 2540 839 80 5262 267 2376 1207 5320 521 136 356 329 690 2308 954 886 205 251 21987 78268 48106 30162 14679 3799 20033 2115 1909 24058 403 2010 225 214 136 139 31 535 1132 4825 291 84 146 738 111 184 189 235 1952 2648 395 137 175 1900 209 50 943 229 441 311 194 2755 70 1533 360 257 653 94 295 1723 156 509 19966 1509 267 296 95 1780 488 1180 5615 230 540 497 1344 2611 844 83 5771 269 2420 1232 5413 513 147 319 329 660 2326 994 953 220 256 22750 79823 48734 31090 14769 3889 20732 2231 1985 24947 423 2020 238 218 140 152 36 582 1138 4946 283 90 151 759 104 202 186 221 1963 2619 428 141 181 1850 223 53 984 219 469 315 224 2767 67 1600 347 255 658 96 310 1766 144 526 20198 1578 251 327 107 1913 515 1255 5946 239 556 513 1400 2708 855 83 6738 313 2574 1306 5238 533 148 324 338 739 2283 1039 1040 263 268 24081 82827 49566 33262 14953 3942 20802 2229 2032 25063 447 2078 251 232 166 152 41 628 1149 5144 292 106 145 762 110 210 194 229 1946 2592 426 163 191 1798 236 57 1049 221 487 324 218 2777 80 1623 349 260 648 101 296 1806 111 553 20356 1641 257 359 122 2001 553 1291 6225 250 616 514 1455 2835 886 94 6944 285 2567 1295 5334 523 152 311 315 817 2308 1049 1096 258 269 24503 84126 49996 34130 15101 3946 20687 2246 2021 24955 468 2094 261 241 179 147 46 661 1173 5271 292 96 162 748 117 207 198 222 1942 2609 444 168 191 1791 239 58 1070 226 512 294 214 2893 72 1608 356 266 629 103 308 1788 112 562 20498 1728 251 333 136 2074 584 1390 6497 258 598 528 1439 2824 918 93 7437 305 2571 1240 5203 512 155 354 285 865 2317 1039 1097 254 270 24914 84958 49794 35164 15103 4095 20680 2323 2070 25073 528 2234 343 233 193 153 47 682 1210 5622 275 91 150 752 114 205 200 223 1911 2380 435 168 195 1740 247 58 1123 235 531 296 218 2913 76 1629 342 241 651 111 338 1716 103 602 20271 1718 264 338 153 2200 617 1446 6736 286 638 549 1501 2974 925 93 7817 324 2835 1270 5029 542 155 385 300 941 2389 1093 1088 283 284 25753 86428 49611 36817 14801 4156 19498 2288 2055 23841 553 2382 353 230 203 172 43 712 1186 5835 277 73 166 818 119 209 196 222 1889 2502 427 164 187 1661 266 63 1069 225 549 278 216 3036 82 1587 333 256 657 117 323 1683 101 608 20358 1822 259 359 174 2387 654 1499 7153 309 680 528 1580 3097 936 98 7937 293 3068 1264 4836 544 156 386 265 990 2287 990 1090 300 275 25715 85999 48053 37946 14757 4291 18771 2179 1996 22946 521 2399 335 228 216 176 41 729 1182 5827 267 70 188 679 124 204 178 209 1822 2409 407 154 166 1563 253 54 1041 230 549 263 195 2936 79 1525 307 260 615 120 288 1610 101 581 19448 1787 246 399 176 2624 616 1584 7433 327 719 517 1632 3195 931 100 8201 280 3211 1289 4391 538 147 412 281 1067 2326 983 1121 304 283 25866 84714 45963 38751 14016 4153 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 19148 2.1% 195 -5.0% 3.7% 1.7% 19510 0.2% 410 -0.7% 0.7% 0.4% 6104 5.6% 2. & Cent.7% 0.4% 0.9% 327 -0.1% 578 -0.3% 0.7% 1.2% 2812 7.2% 3.5% 5.2% 180 2.6% 0.8% 262 3.0% 1.1% 0.4% 220 18.0% 0.3% 2.5% 40944 5.3% 413 2.0% 0.5% 2384 2.4% 0.3% 1744 -4.7% 125 3.3% 624 1.6% 1676 2.0% 1.3% 226 5.9% 372 -8.3% 55 3.3% 73 4. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.6% 324 15.0% 556 3.1% 1128 0.2% 23418 2.2% 715 4.5% 1994 -1.1% 256 -13.8% 2.3% 0.2% 1532 -2. Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes.1% 0.9% 52.5% 13890 -1.4% 10.7% 1.1% 25.6% 0.1% 242 -2.9% 941 0.

10 .5 161.3 122.9 122.8 4.0 14.3 21.2% 22.1 25.6 6.7 440.5 494.6% 25.2 63.2 4.7 19.0 21.7 458.9 24.2 5.7% 162.7 16. America Total S.1 35.9 464.1 130.9 117.Production* Million tonnes US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.8 39.05%.0 178.9 339.3 -0.5 53.3 13.6 4.5% 1.6 35.7% 77.3% 6.7 379.9 164.2 6.0 106.3% 1.3 144.7 5.9 11.4 14.8 2578.8% *Includes crude oil.9% 115.3 1.4 724.0 1620.2 10.5% 4.9 131.1 1489.5 1257.8 398.1 49.4 36.9 87.6 34.4 627.4 63.2 6.6 102.6 126.0 9.2 4.0 506.1% 120.9 203.2 513.3% 13.4 7.0 16.9 5.6 52.9 180.3 14.6 -6.8% 12.3% 399.0 818.3 323.4 47.0 11.8 11.8 34.6 – 12.2% 6.2% 203.7% 1.3 37.1 5.9 514.9 8. Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.5 19.5 60.0 17.9 9.4 47.4 18.8 10.4 1226.3 36.7% 92.3 128.8 35.4 8.2 71.9% 1.1 332. ◆Less than 0.0 27.3 7.1 624.7 66.2 11.2% 23.2 3008.2 2.7 1164.7 3.0% 41.3 114.2 40.9 7.9 3.9 1.6 -1.2 4.1 375.0 6.9 0.4 12.9 104.3 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 339.9 1.6 494.1 21.2 207.4 36.5 27.4 125.9 21.3 526.6 4.5 201.6 17.1 147.0 480.4% 15.4 4.8 17.8% 3.2 21.6 -4.4 183.9 156.3 27.8 14.3 2.3 172.3 36.3 3.8 6.1 7.1 2.7 35.9 83.4 57.8 34.2 126.7 864.4 349.2 129.0 1660.2% 478.2 108.6 1.4 118.2 12.2 347.1% 0.2% 126.8 109.9 35.4 34.9 7.6 600.2 2898.2 77.5 21.5 2.2 72.0 14.8 36.3 6.5 66.2 3004.7 84.2 23.2 110.2% 0.5 ◆ 0.0 112.2 -5.4 7.5 2.5 7.4 13.4 6.7 619.8 7.3 27.2 1198.5 1405.3 90.7 7.7 7.9 118.8 2.5 10.8 100.3 6.5 -3.5 313.5% 0.3 11.9% 1623.1 37.8% -7.2 16.5 16.5 35.3 150.2 84.7 20.6% 63.9 8.2 76.7% 0.4 137.0% 0.6 1478.0 129.2% 23.1% 2.0 166.8 515.0 116.4 34.2 370.4 6.1% 7.6% 0.9 105.7 57.9 30.5 0.7 11.6% 8.8 4.4 1675.6 149.6 856.3 105.5 10.7 1184.5% 0.5% 0.7 38.5% 3.3 33.6 10.9 14.0% 16.4 122.4 10.8% 105.4 26.3 6.2 5.1 1698.4 6.6 424.5 169.4% 21.1 23.1 996.5% 2.3 484.1 26.2 9.0 34.8 13.6 137.9 4.7 640. & Cent.3 19.6 12.5 105.8 15.6 860.9 35.5 9.2 3611.5% 18.4 148.9% 5.5 850.2 11.0 9.5 9.9 7.4 18.4 379.2 43.0 4.2 746.7 90.6 -9.5 44.8 76.0 42.8 3906.2% 350.2 1005.1 162.8 1011.9% 0.1% 98.7 338.8% 2.6 33.7 191.0 23.2% 146.9 187.7 488.2 13.1 17.8 76.8 7.9% 0.2 10.6 19.9 90.2 126.7 5.6 374.4 86.1 93.7 7.2 425.8 13.1 310.4 3701.2 153.1 67.9% 50.1 15.5 2.8 334.5 137.1 2.6 188.9 21.5 16.6 156.1 62.4 1597.5 82.7 155.6 95.5 85.0 978.6 35.1 99.6 3.6 345.1 11.2 124.6 23.4 660.8 40.2 8.0 7.5 119.5 190.3% 0.9 119.2 650.1 3.0 2705.0 98.3% 0.6 1000.5 22.8 135.7 5.2 6.9 421.4 69.0% ◆ 0.4 6.7% 12.1 328.9% 0.3 896.7 309.0% 467.3 393.4 27.5% 1632.2 912.6 4.3 15.2 36.7 667.2 166.4 34.7 35.2% 100.0 644.7 470.2 1048.7 577.8 40.3 174.7 14.8 3584.4 142.1 40.6 9.9 68.2% 203.5 8.4 1.4 11.0 344.7 385.3 337.6 17.2 348.2 1635.2% 8.0% 47.1 208.0 209.7 5.3 -0.2% 12.9 – 13.2 189.8% 0.7 12.6 145.3% 10.6 28. shale oil.1 12.6 13.0 1.1% 5.2 157.8 209.5% 0.0 6.5% 0.5 17.8 22.7 4.6 1217.6 850.9 32.8% 13.9 2.7 458.3 31.1 456.6% 0.0 69.3 1698.3 2967.2 1140.5 2600.1 5.1 8.8 48.7% 30.0 5.3 1510.1 3601.0 3.4 35.9 32.1% 3.5 33.2 7.0 8.4 470.4 162.9 66.5 5.8 -0.9% 505.1 176.2 147.8 10.6 5.2 69.6 346. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 352. oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately).1% 864.9 15.1 -8.5 17.8 9.3 103.5 48.5% 13.1 4.3 144.3 151.3% 0.6% 3.8 36.9 35.8 124.6 329.1 7.0 375.3% 2.3 7.6 54.3% -0.0 -0.2 36.6 9.6 35.5 7.1 38.5 11.3 15.2 466.6 190.8 157.7 9.1 -3.7% 39.5 77.5 10.5 27.8 318.0 2601.7 13.4 22.9 34.7 4.5 34.7 24.2 99.8 9.8% 0.1 46.4% 3.0 2.1 34.4 37.3 71.2% 8.2 35.3 27.9 15.2 113.8 4.7% 648.6 191.7 42.0% 0.4 1712.1 8.7% 0.2 6.1 35.2% 32.7 34.4 153.7 50.1 23.5 84.0 335.1 22.0% 0.8 0.7 1583.8 100.3 35.2 133.8% 0.3 2.7 3.8 20.9 171.1 132.9% 41.4 7.3 37.0 863.1 371.4 6.1 47.7 105.0 34.2 338.2% 38.3 160.3 9. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.8% 0.7% 0.4% 18.9 5.3 27.1 20.5 9.9 60.8 4.9 1.9 33.8 121.9 23.3% -7.9 3.1 24.8 669.8 66.3 15.0 0.7% 65.5% 19.6 -10.8 3.7 131.2 379.5 17.4 17.7 2.1 17.2 85.3 19.8 89.9% 0.1 31.7 3049.8 10.1 1680.7 -7.8 1624.1 110.4% 657.3 55.7 558.1 65.9% 1.5 632.8 142.9 86.7 64.5 11.0 844.9% 10.3 9.4 14.2 2974.6 158.4% 2.1 3.9 4.9% 0.2 6.4 4.8 41.8 167.6 932.4 86.2 15.3 -4.0 5.1 379.8 1.6 1206.5 2.0 1654.4 69.2 1114.8 -4.1 114.6 126.7% 81.8 6.5 26.7 81.8 76.7 3916.7 16.6 785.6% 3.0% 77.7 18.8 85.6 5.9 44.2 27.3 1708.1% 5.3% 12.5% 41.6 92.7 491.3 79.0 3069.5 377.4 8.2 22.3% 12.5 148.2% 3913.5 186.2 4.6 – 12.1 13.2 1124.6 40.8 19.6% 1.7 -17.5 380.9 3933.7 5.8 109.4 23.3% 2.0 7.2 853.6 138.1 128.4% 2.6 6.8 8.2 33.8 184.4 3.0 115.9 16.5 119.4 10.7 4.9 6.1 36.5 6.1 645.3 9.9 380.3 13.2 11.8 3831.6 27.1 484.8 485.5 7.2 0.0% 77.6 651.8% 1.3 70.7 3877.6 1.3 38.6% 32.4 21.3 20.0 7.4 68.5 8.5% 16.9 1693.8 15.5 -4.6 53.1 9.3 380.4 29.0 114.1% 5.2 12.6 8.2 17.9 33.7 848.2 98.2 20.4 123.8 206.1 46.2 35.8 158.6 8.5 34.4 77.9 74.1 646.1 304.5 1603.6 470.1 3904.6 26.0 122.3 8.9 131.6 78.5 1.6 140.8 31.7% 0.8 16.0 3.4 23.2% 12.5 16.3% 4.6% 3.7 4.3 4.7 8.2 5.7 16.9 21.8 46.1 181.3 11.2 7.9 17.2 6.1 444.0 67. & Cent.0 21.2% 1.8 1709.2 50.4 2.0 24.5% 2.0 7.1% 0.5% 8.

7 3.6 5.2 179.8% 80.9% 0.2 9.7 25.2 42.8 92.4 30.6 -1.0 7.0 92.8 28.0% 0.9 971.1 103.5 27.3 0.4 16.5 -8.2 36.3% 31.2 32.5 12.1 31.2 82.0 2.3 16.3 875.9 5.2% 8.7 75.6 939.5 92.0 80.6 47.7 24.4 12.8 25.5 25.1 12.3% 8.7 19.8 100.7 3.3 13.3 6. measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.2 11.7 376.5 44.1 15.2 135.0 928.6 33.4 10.1 12.0 15.4 -1.6 -13.1% 25.9 45.8 27.3 7.0 33.2% 147.2 12.7 8.4 10.3 5.0 5.4 12.4 11.9 9.5% 0.6 80.6% 0.8 42.6 0.1 12.3 10.1% 2.5 8.5 13.8 19.2% 15.8 107.6 94.2 4.5 79.9 0.4 30.5 2.5 58.9% 3.2 107.9 129.6 3.8 7.2 56.4 9.3 2.5% 1.4 18.6 2.7 8.6 724.6 20.8 7.8% 3.3% 1267.7 6.4 11.4% 0.8 4.3 11.0 49.6% 2.7% 1.2 10.7 44.4 5.0 76.7 5.1 44.2 14.9 9.6 3.0 14.9 42.2 243.3 135.8 2.2 30.5 21.5% 47.2% 0.5 4.9 58.5 91.1 54.4 702.3 33.1 10.1 103.7 2.6 10.9 4.6% 16.4 103.1 0.4 59.7 44.7% 1.9 89.5 72.3 239.5 40.5 48.0 59.4% 11.1 22.4 10.7 123.1 4.7 77.1% 0.8 231. Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes.2 49.8 13.8 13.4 3.1% 74.9 2.2 3.2 72.0% 360.7% 3.8% 2.4 12.6 964.6 13.6 26.6 19.4 13.0 70.0 16.5 91.9 3.6 69.3 14.8 146.1 90.0 73.8 23.9 79.1 16.6 1061.5% 4028.3 344.1 62.6 29.5 59.7 10.1 81.2 10.1 50.3 104.2 3.1 9.4 37.6 193.3% 62.2 30.1% 115.7 24.8 15.4 15.5 95.3 -1.7% 0.4 1203.1 29.7% 0.4 1.2 15.5 248.0 32.3 12.4% 0.5 243.2 16.1% 6.8 10.9 5.5 9.2 13.1 30.1 8.1 -2.7 14.9 1131.2 57.0% 7.3 14.5 699.4 3.4 5.3 2.9 105.6 3707.4 16.9% 52.4 28.1 7.8 52.6 144.8% 25.5 12.2 20.0 21.8 4.4 12.1 3.5 255.7 23.0 49.1 246.4% 0.0 12.3 6.2% 2.7 1070.7 186.8 77.9% 0. America Total S.2% 20.9 247.6 6.4 8.3 75.0 0.0 107.4 44.3 91.0 231.4 31.5 3.1% 6.7 30.5 7.5 12.0% 3.8% 1.7 12.1 936.0 44.2 19.5 922.5 8.2 314.2 100.8 10.7 95.7 1.4% 7.1 33.9 92.9 130.0 1.5% 5.9 15.5 95.6 369.5 12.7% 2.8 77. consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels.8 3908.7 11.4% 32.9 10.1 4.7 12.6 94.3 13.1 59.1 10.2% 10.8% 5.8 8.1 56.6 1604.4 9.5 4.4 8.4 24.7 66.7 -0.3 28.0 2.8 8.0% 13.0 5.8 4.6 46.9 1424.7 3.1 2.3 14.2 7.8 833.0% 1.7% 0.4 50.8 12.0 7.9 14.0 9.9 228.7 9.8 2.1 11.2 4.2 14.9 943.9 7.8 1813.8 1914.2 19.4 7.0 93.6 3.9 3996.5 43.7% 25.5 0.0 150.7 2.3 16.5 9.0 15.3 11.6 10.6% 46.5 9.7 9.8 1.8 24.8 50.6 63.3 11.9 30.9 16.7 11.1 8.0 1201.0 4.5 10.3 6.5 -1.3 1.2 17.9 107.6 26.9 10.7 23.6 38.4% 2.6 24.3 8.8 102.3% 0.5 5.5 12.1 26.4 16.9 16.0 26.8 17.5% 0.0 31.3 238.2% 1039.3 7.0 10.9 670.2% 7.7 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 850.0 997.9 945.5 7.7 8.4 20.1 88.8 67.8 40.6% 116.5 3.4 7.6 20.0 124.9 4007.2 192.7 100.5% 2113.5 10.4 22.6 49.2 224.9% 42.0% 21.2 81.1 11.7 9.2 79.2 116.2 78.9 21.5 23.3 7.1 133.3 181.6% 0.8% 0.3 135.1 3571.9 21.2% 0.3 7.8 1144.8 7.1 1124.4 10.0 4.7 25.6 91.4% 4.1 6.3 180.1 1061.5 -0.3 74.2 244.8 1163.4 -4.2% 10.7 7.5 3945.6% 5.4 10.5% 662.0 7.7 16.4 82.1% 9.2% 0.4 49.2 4.8 9.9 21.8 1059.1 9.7 2.6 1.9 261.0 14.5 129.0 1.5% 87.0 120.4 70.0 59.3 970.6 38.2 1571.9 92.0 11.0 12.2 23.3 30.6 3.5 20.8 55.4 5.4 21.7 5.4 58.3 1059. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.9 6.6 2217.7 8.3 5.5 90.2 9.2 32.1% 0.4 98.3 2276.7 4.9 0.6 12.4% 282.3 24.5 706.5 12. 11 .6 13.6% 79.1 49.9 59.0% 3.2% 4.0 1081.3 27.9 10.0 16.8 0.0 38.3 32.9 56.3% 10.1% 0.1 25.8 16.7 5.7 2287.0 20.1 134.1 37.9% 13.2 71.5 9.4% 201.5 20.1% 11.4% 0.4 2242.0 38.3% 9.0 15.0 78.0 55.6 7.9 63.9 82.4 194.0 11.3 3.0 75.2 10.4 12.1% 50.1 -1.9 111.2 -25.3 25.8 103.4 9.5% 201.1 966.9 268.4 13.5 2.4 79.0 24.6 129.7% 3.7% 922.5 9.9 118.6 -5.4 4.5 1786.4 6.4 12.2 16.3 14.3 19.3 37.6 61.2 97.3 11.3 9. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 884.7% 0.4 42.1% 0.4 4.8 119.0 22.3% 28.4 17.6% 0.5 10.1 2.1 13.6 120.7 13.3 86.5 3.7 2.9 20.1 3.5 79.5 86.0% 25.6 88.1 29.4 4.3 5.1 8.2 22.6 9.5 9.1 18.5 113.2 9.2 85.3 74.1 3.6 184.4 84.3% -1.6 13.2% 73.2 6.9% 49.1 56.4% 10.7 -5.9% 4.0% 0.6 -29.3% 0.0% 0.1% 0.6 128.3 247.0% 0.7 7.3 16.2 8.6% 5.6 271.8 26.6 10.1 40.0 4.0 3.1 2.2 224.2 2215.6 11.7 13.9 17.6 93.0 129.7 1128.2 4.9 14.8 52.1 9.9% 2.3 0.2 900.5 100.6 62.1 10.5 10.7 16.9 279.1 18.6 22.0 74.4 8.8 19.9 15.8 978.6% 0.0 10.2% 2.5 131.3 288.Consumption* Million tonnes US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent.4 103.9 87.3 86.0 10.1 125.5 83.1 82.1 58.1 13.5 104.1% 428.4% -7.4% 0.7 1.2 6.1 140.5 0.3 5.0 9.2 29.8 24.0 113.0% 155.8 29.3 263.5 89.5 11.9 10.1 3.6 7.1% 102.9 15.3 706.6 9.6 2.2 38.2 0.9% 1.0% 0.0 1025.6 92.0 151.6 38.4 7.5 2210.1 1354.0 3.5 7.3% 26.5 229.5 1018.1 185.5 28.4 141.2 93.0 88.1 1.2 5.1 2.2 31.6 10.1 51.8% 14.9 723.0 200.1 15.5% 6.3 3858.5 21.5 15.0 20.9 1.6 9.1 222.3 68.0 101.8 5.2% 0.6 0.0 271.5 87.3 2207.2 62.1 22.9 15.2 6.9 3.5% 0.5 9.9% 57.3 226.6 18.2 14.7 107.8 9.8 41.2 15.5 39.6 12.0 21.1 78.0 73.1 10.9 29.6 10.2 12.2 4.9 127.4 74.1 3.6 25.7 24.2 133.6% 1.5 1201.7 5.8 53.6 0.9 37.7 1381.0% 73.0 708.6 12.0 12.9 42.7 59.0 14.3 23.1% 22.5 351.1 12.3 2.9 14.9 6.9 6.6 10.1 24.3% 2.8 16.8 6.7 9.5 10.1 87.0 10.6% 0.3 14.8 10.4 112.5 13.7 -6.0 37.0 123.3 4.5 12.7 106.6 991.9 9.3 2289.2 25.1% 16.2 4.7 13.9 7.3 27.2 -5.9 85.7 2.4 90.9% 14.6 16.6 334.3 11.5 33.7 9.2% 7.2 7.8 8.1 50.1 88.4 0.2 -2.6 3.0 318.7 57.2 4.5 4.1 13.1% 11.1% 13.1 15.1 229.9 14.5 -0.8 13.7 3.4 884.4 93.2 13.1 104.3 3.0 23.1 19.2 952.8 93.5 60.5% 2.5 2303.4 302.2 8.0 25.1 33.3 90.2 117.7 6.5 3908. and unavoidable disparities in the definition.8 80.7 10.3 45.4 128.6 4.5 24.3% 4.2% 0.2% 12.8 19.9 48.2 198.0% 2.0 15.3 67.5 36.7 94.7 2094.7 252.3 1731.4% 36.5% 105.0 8.3% 0.5 3632.9% 14.5 1.0 241.7 3.9 92.7 12.9% 86.5 6.0 2.7 7.0% 0.2 5.6 717.8 118.1% 125.0 29.8 3.3 55.6 10.5 6.0% *Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss.3 28.3 0.9 4.8 92.5 11.1 122.2 4.2 2.0 6.2% 9.1% 35.3 5.9 -0.3 52.1% 28.5 13.2 7.5 -1.8 10.1 239.9 9.4 938.9 13.8 10.7% 12.8 23.7 41.5 7.9 34.5 4.4 930.1 2.9 884.4 88.0 23.9% 18.0 0.3 12.4 120.3% 17.6 9.0 709.1 9.7% 1.8 9.5 35.4% 155.5 9.9 23.1% 100.6 1125.5 3.3 3597.5 4.5 11.1% 8.7 1655.2 4.8 20.9 12.8% 3.7 62.8% 35.8 5.6 327.4 130.2 4.3% 83.1 57.2 1465.8 9.3% 2.0% 0.9 7.4 78.6 71.9 6.7 48.2 4.3 -0.1% 0.9% 59.3 57.8 1120.6% 8.8 60.5 12.8 388.2 12.7 14.0 8.0 0. & Cent.1% 11.5 17.8 3.6 15.9 3.

growth was above average in all regions. World oil consumption increased by 2. although Asia Pacific countries accounted for the majority (54%) of global consumption growth. Moreover. growth was broadly-based.25 2.75 0. with increases in all regions except Europe & Eurasia. America North America 85 90 95 00 05 10 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 85 90 95 00 05 10 World oil production increased by 1.8 million b/d in 2010.75-1.25-3. Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes 0-0.Production by region Consumption by region Million barrels daily Million barrels daily Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S.5-2.0 > 3.5 1.7 million b/d. growth was broadly split between OPEC and non-OPEC countries.0 12 0 . & Cent.

0% Fuel oil 10159 9858 9497 9579 9713 9836 9625 9676 9426 8786 8849 0.4% 2355 9.0% ◆Less than 0.2% 20.0% OECD Light distillates 17312 17291 17588 17738 18009 18059 18068 18167 17480 17440 17622 1.7% 100.1% 1628 1669 1656 1648 1759 1802 1847 2017 2091 2045 2203 Fuel oil 757 -1.4% 728 762 740 692 712 717 729 774 770 770 1309 3.2% 10.6% 50.5% Total European Union 14585 14754 14679 14769 14953 15101 15103 14801 14757 14016 13890 -0.0% 28.0% S.9% Middle distillates 6261 6495 6440 6626 6814 6981 7116 6978 7166 6857 6964 1.1% Fuel oil 1665 1675 1672 1626 1600 1599 1584 1503 1460 1284 1173 -8.5% 6760 7021 6968 7170 7364 7579 7746 7630 7855 7543 7663 Fuel oil 1230 -9.0% Europe Light distillates -1. bitumen.1% 18.2% 36.6% 50.7% Others 1036 1049 1140 1246 1299 1331 1348 1402 1423 1501 5021 5148 5374 5615 5946 6225 6497 6736 7153 7433 7821 5.9% 100.5% 21.3% Fuel oil 766 771 783 869 943 893 929 899 776 662 7.2% 30.9% Middle distillates 16535 16785 16568 16954 17360 17722 17832 17660 17366 16240 16669 2.0% Total Europe Former Soviet Union Light distillates 942 1000 1041 1077 1078 1094 1136 1205 1260 1234 1287 4. 13 . Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. lubricants.7% 36.1% 7795 7948 8070 8225 8766 9005 9058 9205 9312 9262 9836 Fuel oil 3163 2.0% 37.1% 2867 -2.4% Total World 76605 77304 78268 79823 82827 84126 84958 86428 85999 84714 87382 3.8% Total Japan 5530 5394 5320 5413 5238 5334 5203 5029 4836 4391 4451 1.6% 5842 5990 6269 6532 6890 7091 7180 7540 7616 7875 8326 Middle distillates 6.0% Total OECD Non-OECD Light distillates 6838 7118 7477 7805 8294 8580 8798 9268 9801 10162 10761 5.2% 5. other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.1% 21.7% 2.0% 1397 1385 1365 1369 1459 1541 1585 1727 1867 1932 1616 7.9% Others 4143 4082 4172 4109 4239 4143 4178 4166 3826 3766 3848 2.0% 11.8% 29. America 4855 4956 4941 4825 4946 5144 5271 5622 5835 5827 6104 4.1% 14. America Light distillates 4.6% 39.4% 576 590 603 627 666 680 670 695 742 773 802 Middle distillates 3.1% 1443 1411 1418 1421 1381 1467 1508 1608 1697 1749 1835 Middle distillates 7.0% World Light distillates 2.4% Others 1056 1114 1127 1063 1094 1158 1187 1224 1277 1264 Total S.7% 3743 3754 3799 3889 3942 3946 4095 4156 4291 4153 4349 4.1% Total US 19701 19649 19761 20033 20732 20802 20687 20680 19498 18771 19148 2.3% 31.2% 22.3% 100.4% 100.0% Total Middle East Africa Light distillates 3.5% 26.8% 22.8% 949 1032 1132 1190 1293 1373 1458 1457 1587 1686 1783 Middle distillates 3.5% Fuel oil 893 794 686 763 859 914 683 718 618 508 547 7.7% 100.5% 24150 24409 25065 25543 26303 26639 26866 27436 27281 27602 28383 Middle distillates 26665 27219 27219 27936 29182 29951 30460 30892 31192 30091 31417 4.1% 100. petroleum coke.1% 3.9% Others 5912 6083 6618 6941 7589 7678 7895 8354 8412 8827 9339 5.5% 36.7% 100.3% 26.8% Total North America 23574 23595 23676 24058 24947 25063 24955 25073 23841 22946 23418 2. ‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel.5% 21.0% 27. ‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes.0% European Union Light distillates 4037 3934 3836 3790 3776 3687 3549 3502 3317 3223 3183 -1.0% Fuel oil 1491 1385 1186 1251 1338 1394 1055 1081 941 801 826 3.3% 29.0% of which: Japan Light distillates 1742 3.8% Middle distillates 6809 6810 6653 6858 7131 7248 7297 7318 6936 6284 6548 4.1% 13. solvents. ‘Others’ consists of refinery gas.3% 9.0% Total Former Soviet Union Middle East Light distillates 5.0% Fuel oil 783 676 635 753 657 680 661 661 710 453 ◆ 880 Others 1071 1058 1014 986 951 953 969 956 948 880 19.5% 48.0% 100.Regional consumption by product group Thousand barrels daily 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total North America Light distillates 10090 10194 10505 10657 10972 11012 11133 11206 10860 10839 10949 1.9% Others 9719 9734 9870 9824 10041 10023 10112 10070 9689 9408 9395 -0.0% Total Asia Pacific of which: China Light distillates 2454 11. ‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF).4% Others 2622 2651 2731 2727 2763 2834 2853 2818 2814 2652 2570 -3.9% Others 2927 2939 3016 3039 3088 3165 3171 3145 3126 2953 15838 16015 15951 16077 16257 16411 16403 16115 16066 15295 15161 -0.8% 32.6% Middle distillates 1003 1029 1040 1085 1111 1144 1182 1253 1334 1211 1293 6.6% 3571 3421 3338 3475 3505 3493 3573 3605 3437 3101 5912 5.2% 100.7% 21. liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).4% 31.7% 30.6% Middle distillates 5852 5884 5735 5886 6116 6198 6226 6199 5801 5241 5449 4.0% of which: US Light distillates 8813 8890 9167 9275 9518 9548 9599 9597 9253 9257 9305 0. wax.5% Middle distillates 1592 1673 1785 1938 2277 2518 2713 2869 3079 3178 671 1.0% 46.7% Fuel oil 726 659 630 598 537 516 571 461 428 399 390 -2.0% Others 1131 1155 1335 1467 1837 1745 1896 2013 1957 2150 Total China 4766 4859 5262 5771 6738 6944 7437 7817 7937 8201 9057 10.8% Total Non-OECD 28477 29165 30162 31090 33262 34130 35164 36817 37946 38751 40944 5.9% 30.5% Others 5184 5207 5332 5291 5506 5410 5470 5467 5105 5022 5095 1.3% 22.8% 22.6% 8.1% 100.9% 18.6% 35.05%.7% Others 3927 3994 4310 4517 4920 4914 5103 5404 5351 5627 21135 21353 21987 22750 24081 24503 24914 25753 25715 25866 27237 5.6% 403 383 367 365 380 428 407 413 418 430 555 -0.9% Fuel oil 4562 4328 4081 4218 4156 4192 3782 3713 3518 2875 2753 -4. and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers). & Cent.0% 1843 1862 1870 1829 1781 1746 1705 1615 1565 1352 8.0% 100.1% 20.0% Others 1072 1067 1088 1131 1216 1191 1205 1236 1269 1309 1379 5.1% 1706 1689 1727 1757 1760 1823 1814 1791 1676 1678 1385 0.4% 36.1% 1277 1260 1359 1498 1681 1787 1900 2036 2125 2211 3577 12.7% 20.3% Middle distillates 10130 10434 10651 10983 11823 12229 12628 13232 13826 13851 14748 6.8% 45.7% 12.0% 100.4% 4309 4192 4097 4039 4023 3921 3781 3725 3521 3447 3401 Middle distillates 1.8% 24.5% 1640 1682 1737 1810 1894 1979 2107 2150 2275 2314 2387 Fuel oil 2035 5.9% 100. & Cent.4% 100.8% 39.9% Others 430 448 475 478 506 533 523 546 549 559 2439 2481 2540 2611 2708 2835 2824 2974 3097 3195 3291 3.1% Others 15631 15818 16487 16765 17630 17701 18008 18425 18101 18235 18734 2.9% 26.0% Total Africa Asia Pacific Light distillates 5.7% 16.1% Middle distillates 1971 1970 1944 1918 1869 1878 1760 1621 1502 1380 443 -2.0% Fuel oil 5597 5530 5416 5361 5556 5643 5844 5962 5908 5911 6096 3.2% 48128 48139 48106 48734 49566 49996 49794 49611 48053 45963 46438 1.2% 28.7% 10.2% 1030 1060 1095 1140 1155 1194 1224 1320 1389 1433 1486 Fuel oil 447 4.

America North America 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 35 35 30 30 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 Fuel oil 00 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 Others 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 35 35 30 30 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 00 01 02 03 04 05 Rotterdam product prices US Gulf Coast product prices US dollars per barrel US dollars per barrel 160 Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil 150 140 06 07 08 09 10 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 150 140 130 130 120 120 110 110 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 0 Source: Platts.Product consumption by region Million barrels daily Light distillates Middle distillates Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Former Soviet Union 00 01 02 Europe S. & Cent. . 14 0 160 Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil 10 10 93 0 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 0 Source: Platts.

64 49.23 23.75 35.23 14. Source: Platts.00 18.62 18.02 20.72 17. 1986-2010 Dubai dated.50 24.11 19.63 12.95 13.09 12.67 79.61 17.10 19.56 14.93 32.02 28.05 – – – 12.85 20.06 – – – 12.13 55.39 15.83 10.63 17.69 67.65 29.30 29.08 37.16 20.39 97.22 14.45 16.07 74.27 15.10 18.83 35.92 79.07 41.08 33.96 36.53 13.34 61.78 28.41 16.68 24.39 27.35 61. 1984-2010 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.49 56.16 19.97 28.59 66.43 63.18 15. †1976-1983 Forties.78 33.66 38.67 19.33 12.97 15.93 26.44 14.52 65.50 21.98 36.19 94.25 17. $ 2010 $ money of the day 15 .92 18.97 29.20 22. began Texas Iranian revolution Loss of Iranian supplies East Texas field discovered Netback pricing introduced Suez crisis Iraq invaded Kuwait Asian financial crisis Invasion of Iraq 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 1861-69 1870-79 1880-89 1890-99 1900-09 1910-19 1920-29 1930-39 1940-49 1950-59 1960-69 1970-79 1980-89 1990-99 2000-09 2010-19 0 1861-1944 US average.38 13.70 11.21 17.57 18.00 28.21 13.61 14.81 23.50 68.18 33.97 19. 1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.23 25.83 38.20 100.52 18.32 16.14 27.35 81.03 29.54 20.16 31.32 31.45 *1972-1985 Arabian Light.02 72.39 78.80 13.Spot crude prices US dollars per barrel Dubai $/bbI* Brent $/bbI† Nigerian Forcados $/bbI West Texas Intermediate $/bbI‡ 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2.55 25.26 21.80 28.92 14.00 19.29 29.69 34.39 19.42 24.82 17. Crude oil prices 1861-2010 US dollars per barrel World events Yom Kippur war Post-war reconstruction Fears of shortage in US Growth of Venezuelan production Pennsylvanian oil boom Russian oil exports began Sumatra Discovery of production Spindletop.17 14.55 28.25 26.10 16.27 54.45 17.43 18.21 18.06 61.48 101.31 30.46 18.25 36.74 26.14 72.87 14.93 14.61 36.26 61.73 20. 1984-2010 Brent dated. ‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices.06 27.44 25.74 16.41 10.42 22. 1984-2010 Brent dated.50 – – – 12.37 25.75 14.30 23.23 12.78 27.04 28.65 30.62 20.02 31.54 28.98 15.

2% 4.3% Africa 2188 2443 2377 2301 2304 2490 2352 2343 2455 2312 2454 Australasia 851 847 855 823 820 757 749 767 756 762 756 -0.0% 856 12.6% 422 – 0.0% 45124 -1.5% 2396 – 2.8% 0.1% 50.1% 2.2% 8.3% 440 3.0% 1.3% 5555 0.5% *Input to primary distillation units only. & Cent.3% – 0. America 5337 5332 4932 5023 5414 5391 5348 5470 5390 4775 4621 -3.0% 931 2100 – 2.0% 16.5% 6. Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 17594 -0.9% 8.6% 1.5% 0.7% 1.3% 7.8% Other Asia Pacific 6831 6841 6631 6877 7354 7470 7463 7489 7342 7065 7062 -0.2% Europe & Eurasia 19240 19394 19460 19952 20417 20782 20822 20758 20700 19562 19664 0.0% 6.2% 24516 -1.0% China 4218 4215 4395 4823 5382 5916 6155 6563 6953 7488 8492 13.7% 1757 – 1. America Total S.3% 1253 1. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.6% S.0% 2.3% 320 – 0.0% 1.8% 15240 -2. 16 Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis.1% 1427 3. (ESAI).8% 10121 6.7% 2.6% 740 0.0% 1197 – 1. Refinery throughputs Thousand barrels daily* 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total US 15067 15128 14947 15304 15475 15220 15242 15156 14648 14336 14722 2.7% Canada 1765 1812 1862 1880 1957 1883 1835 1908 1839 1773 1827 3.6% 8033 0.7% 6.1% 3.3% 4463 -3.5% 19.9% 8.8% Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.2% 6.4% 100.7% 2095 – 2.4% 4.4% Total World 68475 69067 68528 70516 72961 74029 74553 75393 75038 73063 74816 2.9% 91791 0.0% 1158 4.6% 6707 0.5% 0.2% European Union 13749 13685 13486 13733 14089 14172 14006 13765 13675 12693 12585 -0.3% 8.6% 7911 1.6% 3292 8.9% 1385 – 1.9% 1703 -9.Refinery capacities Thousand barrels daily* US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Netherlands Antilles Venezuela Other S.7% 19. & Cent.2% 46667 3.9% 3.4% 11.7% 22.4% 1.9% 5705 2.9% 2091 -11.3% 1303 – 1.7% 49.5% 613 – 0.6% 1274 -0.4% India 2039 2144 2212 2380 2559 2561 2860 3107 3213 3641 3903 7.8% 638 0.2% Japan 4145 4107 3986 4118 4038 4136 4026 3995 3946 3627 3619 -0.4% Mexico 1363 1398 1390 1436 1436 1415 1407 1395 1392 1392 1184 -15.8% Former Soviet Union 4583 4797 5060 5276 5417 5713 5873 6017 6189 6183 6388 3.6% 1.7% 1860 – 2.4% 1662 3. .4% 310 – 0.0% 3703 3.1% 9.7% 1.4% 2351 0.9% 16.2% 5.0% 26.0% 50.7% 673 1491 – 1. America Belgium France Germany Greece Italy Netherlands Norway Russian Federation Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 16595 1861 1481 19937 626 1849 320 1269 2207 6271 770 1984 2262 403 2485 1277 318 5655 1330 422 713 1778 6002 25399 1597 740 740 1806 440 1168 6491 2897 828 5407 2219 1127 5010 1255 2598 732 899 1403 21478 82473 44761 37712 15456 8574 16785 1917 1481 20183 619 1849 320 1269 2189 6246 785 1961 2274 412 2485 1278 307 5628 1330 422 713 1769 5912 25276 1597 740 759 1806 674 1170 6746 3164 815 5643 2261 1127 4705 1255 2598 874 1064 1512 21853 83469 44697 38771 15540 8404 16757 1923 1463 20143 619 1854 320 1269 2234 6296 803 1987 2286 412 2485 1282 310 5590 1330 422 713 1785 5754 25159 1597 740 809 1810 711 1248 6915 3228 829 5933 2303 1092 4721 1255 2598 1159 1068 1487 22444 84183 44900 39283 15691 8133 16894 1959 1463 20316 620 1915 320 1269 2229 6353 805 1967 2304 412 2485 1282 310 5454 1347 422 713 1813 5691 25005 1607 740 909 1890 645 1248 7039 3177 756 6295 2293 1057 4683 1255 2598 1159 1068 1416 22579 84468 45024 39444 15729 7937 17125 1915 1463 20503 623 1915 320 1284 2235 6377 782 1982 2320 412 2497 1284 310 5457 1372 422 693 1848 5687 25066 1642 740 931 2075 620 1248 7256 3116 763 6603 2558 1057 4567 1255 2598 1159 1068 1410 23037 85355 45169 40187 15803 7940 17339 1896 1463 20698 627 1916 320 1291 2251 6405 778 1978 2322 418 2515 1274 310 5522 1377 422 613 1819 5650 24999 1642 743 931 2100 620 1248 7284 3224 711 7165 2558 1057 4529 1255 2598 1159 1078 1428 23537 86147 45202 40945 15811 7945 17443 1914 1463 20821 623 1916 320 1294 2260 6413 774 1959 2390 425 2526 1274 310 5599 1377 422 613 1836 5537 25042 1727 748 931 2100 620 1283 7409 3049 694 7865 2872 1133 4542 1255 2633 1140 1125 1435 24693 87427 45422 42005 15857 7961 17594 1907 1463 20964 634 1935 320 1303 2310 6502 745 1962 2390 425 2497 1236 310 5596 1377 422 613 1819 5573 24966 1772 755 931 2100 625 1339 7522 3037 733 8399 2983 1157 4598 1255 2671 1197 1125 1443 25561 88552 45634 42918 15784 7958 17672 1951 1463 21086 634 2045 320 1303 2356 6658 745 1971 2366 425 2396 1280 310 5549 1377 422 613 1827 5559 24840 1805 744 931 2100 673 1345 7598 3171 734 8722 2992 1068 4650 1385 2712 1197 1175 1459 26094 89446 45784 43662 15658 7961 17688 1976 1463 21127 635 2095 320 1303 2335 6688 823 1873 2362 425 2396 1280 310 5527 1377 422 613 1757 5596 24761 1860 763 931 2100 673 1491 7818 3022 734 9479 3574 1106 4621 1385 2712 1197 1240 1605 27653 91068 45742 45326 15553 7965 *Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.7% 30.9% – 1.1% 1463 – 1.6% 20971 -0. & Cent.3% 49.8% 100.2% 0.2% 1914 -3.1% 1.0% of which: OECD 39710 39712 39046 39848 40415 40214 40019 39764 38856 37016 37287 0.5% 2712 – 3.5% 2.6% 4. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.3% Middle East 5430 5406 5482 5599 5805 6007 6294 6442 6404 6330 6513 2.8% Non-OECD 28766 29356 29482 30669 32546 33815 34534 35630 36183 36048 37529 4.5% 26. Inc.8% 11.8% 28394 2.3% 823 – 0.

Global average refinery utilization improved to 81.8 million b/d in 2010. The margins are on a semi-variable basis. Installed capacity in the non-OECD is now 1.& Cent. Regional refining margins US dollars per barrel 25 USGC West Texas Sour Coking NWE Brent Cracking Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking 20 15 10 5 0 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 -5 Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs. North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam) and Singapore. the first increase since 2005. i. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration (cracking. hydrocracking or coking). 17 . US Gulf Coast (USGC). refinery throughputs in the non-OECD exceeded those of the OECD.5%. For the first time. led by a 1 million b/d increase in China.Refinery utilization Percentage 100 90 80 70 60 North America S.7 million b/d increase in global refining capacity last year was also in China. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East Africa Asia Pacific World 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 50 10 40 Global crude runs grew by 1. Most of the 0.5 million b/d above that of the OECD. again appropriate for that region.

8 2.1 4.4 0.0 – 295.9 36.2 0.8 0.7% 4. ‡Less than 0.0 63.4 5.6 17.8% -3.0 28.3 33.1 – † – – – 0.7 – 23.8 – 577.2 45.3% 47.1 1.5 – 30.6% 11.2 57.3 – 596.2 2.6% 637 -51. & Cent.1 † 0.5 0.9 – 0.4 3.1 – 43.2 – 178.6 – 0.5 4.5 10.1 2. movements not otherwise shown.2 – 0.6% 6226 10.8% 6.6 – 139.3 6.0 5.8 119. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007.8 1.1 28.5 14.9 1.4 36.3% 5.7 1. Inter-area movements 2010 Million tonnes From US Canada Mexico S.2 – 41.5.1 1.2% 53510 2. ‡Excludes Japan.3 31.4 10. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Unidentified* Total imports *Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit.1 2.1% 22.8 – 0.6 4.2 3.1 5.7 141. unidentified military use. †Less than 0.9 0.9 1.2 116.0% 2.1 228.4 – 1.7% 1888 -7.6% 7.0 – 43. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Unidentified* Total imports US Canada Mexico S.6 – 225.9% 1.5 4.4 12.9 0.8 10.9 83.8 129.3 15.9 – – 0.4 9. & Cent.8 227.5 – 0.9 86.7 67.2 † 935. & Cent.7 † 0.1 175.0% 2599 3.4 0.4 0.1 1.3% 2871 -2. etc.1 † 1.8 – – † † 0.1 2.0 45.8 1.6 1.5 0.5 – 4.0 21.9 16.1 0.5% 4.4 0.2% 100.5 4.5 – 2532 1280 2211 702 756 1729 589 1686 – 10 8 49 10 8 119 – 11689 124 – 32 91 217 34 86 117 137 – – ‡ 1 2 2 4 – 846 477 7 – 26 90 9 12 2 – ‡ – – – 2 ‡ 11 – 636 769 2 30 – 102 14 111 91 256 ‡ 2 100 54 4 8 63 – 1606 358 27 136 327 – 5982 2355 1677 920 2 ‡ 14 172 19 36 69 – 12094 71 – – 9 304 26 308 – 59 – – 19 11 2 65 22 – 895 4 – – 1 1 20 142 15 29 – – 2 2 33 225 403 – 878 53 19 24 488 26 676 2383 203 878 254 147 – 12 57 147 596 – 5963 8 – 28 193 9 17 2612 80 428 21 28 13 – 3 73 84 – 3598 95 10 – 9 10 293 3629 17 8 44 56 23 60 – 13 300 – 4567 138 ‡ 10 185 176 192 921 4 – 4 40 114 210 114 – 782 – 2892 17 1 ‡ 27 41 318 4593 61 197 8 201 334 599 56 826 – – 7281 41 ‡ – 2 210 209 1 15 2 – – 28 25 ‡ 15 17 – 565 Thousand barrels daily From US Canada Mexico S.4 2.8 6.1 1. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa Asia Pacific‡ Rest of World* Total World 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 11092 11070 5329 15880 43371 11618 11531 5202 16436 44787 11357 11895 5070 16291 44613 12254 11993 5314 17191 46752 12898 12538 5203 18651 49290 13525 13261 5225 19172 51182 13612 13461 5201 20287 52561 13632 13953 5032 22937 55554 12872 13751 4925 23078 54626 11453 12486 4263 24132 52333 11689 12094 4567 25160 53510 890 1703 1814 3079 1967 4273 18944 2732 3293 3736 940 43371 910 1804 1882 3143 1947 4679 19098 2724 3182 3914 1506 44789 904 1959 1966 2965 2234 5370 18062 2620 3134 3848 1551 44613 921 2096 2115 2942 2066 6003 18943 2715 3612 3978 1361 46752 991 2148 2070 3233 1993 6440 19630 2917 4048 4189 1631 49290 1129 2201 2065 3528 2149 7076 19821 3070 4358 4243 1542 51182 1317 2330 2102 3681 2173 7155 20204 3225 4704 4312 1359 52561 1439 2457 1975 3570 2273 8334 19680 3336 4830 6004 1656 55554 1967 2498 1609 3616 2023 8184 20128 3260 4587 5392 1363 54626 1947 2518 1449 3748 2034 7972 18409 2938 4364 5631 1323 52333 2154 10.7 12.1 6.2% 3.9 8.7 39.4 421.0 15.05.0% 18883 2.6 0.7 7. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.6 2.5 2633.5 109.0 – 77.4 0.1 † 0.0 28.5 8.1 3.3 1.8 0.7 83.5% 8.4 9.3 – 1.4 – – 0.1% 21.1 0.6 14.2 † 14.9 0.2% 2.2 – 76.5 0.5 1.6% 35.5 0.4 – – 0.7 8.3 0.8 0.0 9.8 3.5 0.7 6.6 0.7 3.7 0.9 0.8 – – 27.2% 4.9% 1539 6.8 – 16.9% 3568 -4.6 10.5 – – 357.3 118. America Europe Africa Austral- asia To China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Rest of World Total – 125.6 2.5 0.1 3.0 – 1.2% 100.Trade movements Thousand barrels daily Imports US Europe Japan Rest of World* Total World Exports US Canada Mexico S.8 – 294.6 22.2 4.8 0.1 1.5% 8544 7.3 2. & Cent.2 – 0.2 0.6 † 0.1 † 128.1% 8.5 179.4 2.7 7.1 91.5 0.4 9.0% 2.5 14.7 1.0% *Includes unidentified trade.2 – – † † 1.1 0.7 5.0 7.7 0.6 0.8 0.1 1.2 24.2 2.3 5.6 4.8 16.4 – 37.8 20.1 43.3 0.2% 16.0 103.4% 4601 5.6 4.1 10. 18 2154 2599 1539 3568 1888 8544 18883 2871 4601 335 485 656 1196 302 1418 2472 – 53510 .9 0.9 0.3 33.4 0.4 10.5 0.1 0.2 – 2.

Intra-area movements (for example.1 28.5 83 0 83.9 63.9 0. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Unidentified* Total World Crude imports 456.1 12.5 9 37.7 30.7 1.05.2 16.0 US Canada Mexico S.4 7.5 44.3 43.1 131.8 131.5 40.3 227.1 5.8 28.9 99 9.0 5 11 16.7 24. unidentified military use.7 – 1875.2 757.6 39.2 7.4 18 86.7 29.9 7.7 1.0 36.0 – 0.3 36.2 14.8 Million tonnes Product Crude imports exports 121.1 Imports and exports 2010 US Canada Mexico S.8 129 9.1 † 11.2 29. Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific 21.0 828.5 – 1875.3 14.2 107.8 22.4 42 796 – 37670 Product exports 2126 609 177 933 1501 2158 2241 610 159 9 160 615 1196 295 1376 1676 – 15840 *Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit.2 2.1 65. movements not otherwise shown.9 33.8 80.8 10. & Cent.7 Crude imports 9159 580 7 419 9341 1 226 247 1 101 583 4710 3254 3711 800 4528 – 37670 Thousand barrels daily Product Crude imports exports 2530 266 629 1186 2753 101 212 250 144 152 295 1253 344 856 2092 2753 25 15840 28 1990 1362 2635 387 6386 16642 2260 4443 326 325 41 – 6.4 99.1 56.2 – 757.6 29.1 59.1 39.1 8.2 16.8 Product exports 101. between countries in Europe) are excluded.Major trade movements 2010 Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes) 295.2 19.0 11 1 118 118.9 83.0 29.7 4.6 109.6 162.9 225.8 39.0 184.1 28.6 0.8 131. 19 .0 234.6 6 20.9 100.3 318. †Less than 0.3 2.2 2 33.3 12. etc.9 16.8 103.7 112.9 125 1 25.4 57.7 45.9 465.3 0.8 45. & Cent.0 6.6 71.6 221.4 20.4 28.0 12.7 179.1 67.

5 2. the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.6% 0.9 * 8.1 78.9 14.1 2.1% 3.8% 1.1 3.4 45.0 65.9 192.4 571.2 0.3% 0.1 0.1 0.4 520.8 1.1 27.2 283.5 0.0 169.3 6.9 0.9 16.8 7.8 186.1 54.5 1.5 61.2 5.8 2.4 0.4 58.5 55.0 2.3 0.6 0.6 17.9 84.9 603.5 1.1 n/a n/a n/a 0.3 9.7 4.5 58.4 894.3 6.3 0.3 2.3 1.6 44.3 0.6% 1.2 0.2 †Less than 0.3 12.4 0.6 0.7 4.2 54.0 54.1 0. Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.6 3.3 261.2 1.4 0.7 0.4 1.3 1.0 98.0% 0.5 26.2 0. America Total S.0 36.1 0.1 0.4 76.6 0.5 33.1 170.1 * 56.7 25.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 5.0% 0.1 0.1 9.9 0.8 1.1 75.3% 0.6 * 22.0 * 65.9 125.0 2.2 41.5 0.1 7.3 2.1 1.1 17.8 283.7 70.6 0.3 0.5% 4.2 2.5 28.7 0.2% 0.0 1.3 0.2 5.6 33.4 16.7 29.7% 0.7 25.1 0.7% ◆ ◆ ◆ 1.3% 5.2% 8.0 * 50.7 2.2 1.1% 0.0 18. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *More than 100 years.9 0.8 0.3 42.7 0.3 1.8% 0.7 139.5 37.4 3.2 17.8 58.3 n/a 1.5 5.3 0.2 14.0 2227.0% 0.3 1.4 0.7 2677.8 0.1% 0.0 48.7 2. ◆Less than 0.3% 12.9 0.6 14.7 83.5 3.3 0.4 8.05%.1 103.4 5.4 0.3 7.6 19.7 54.7% 1.2 † 38.1% 15.0 0.3 4.0 0.9 1.0 9.9% 4.5% 0.8% 0.2 0.6 0.2% 0.0 1.6 11.3 0.1 0.8 7.3 0.0 0.8 1.4 15.2 108.0 1.9 41.7 1.8 8.8 29.1 1.2% 0.7 0.2 29.3 0.4 0.0 20.2 0.3 4.9 1.9 0.3% 0.3 62.6 10.7 0.2 6. n/a not available.2 2.2% 2.9 0.0 9.9 63.2% 0.6 7.8 50.5 0.9 1.9% 1.0 3.1 0.0 77.2 21.0 1580.1 0.8 8.9 1.5 12.7 109.7 1.5 0.9% ◆ 4.1 26.Natural gas Proved reserves At end 1990 US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.3% 31.2 * 78.1 6.2 1.4 0.6 1.2% 33.8 6005.8 8.5 0.5 Share of total R/P ratio 4. & Cent.1 0.5 n/a 49.4 0.4 12.5 9.2 1.8 0.7 0.6 0.3% 0.2 9.4 0.2% 0. 20 .5% 0.5 2.5 58.1 0.6 5.0 0.2 187. Trillion cubic metres 4.8 6608.2 75.2% 1.9 10.3 350.5 0.4 1.3% 0.1 86.4 0.4 63.2 0.7% 100.3 154.8 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2 29.3 At end 2000 Trillion cubic metres At end 2009 Trillion cubic metres Trillion cubic feet 5. & Cent. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year.9% 0.8% 1.3 0.2 1.0 21.7 2.6 44.2 6.6 2.2 0.2 2.7 186.1 10.2 29.1 12.1 0.2 2066.1 59.6 0.3 0.1% 0.3 2.7 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.7 1045.1% 90.3 0.2 1.8% 2.1% 0.7 2.4 6.1 7.5 72.1 0.1 0.3 24.3 1.1 15.5 9.1 1.5 2.1 4.5 * 95.9 0.3 3.9 3.4 6.6 3.8 4.2% 0.2% 0.7 0.4 28.2 51.0% 9.6 99.0 17.3% 0.5 1.2% 0.8 12.8 8.6% 1.9 12.6 66.3 60.7 15.9 0.5 16.0 0.4 0.2% 0.1 12.0 0.5 0.4 0.1 213.4 36.2 0.4% 1.8 2.2 n/a 0.0 0.4 1.5 11.0 159.4 0.9% 1.7 111.3% 23.0 55.4% 13.3 14.7 0.4 32.0 8.1 4.6% 7.2 14.6 11.1 0.1% 40.8 1.8 12.6 19.1 1.0 24.5 20.2 0.05.9 11.6 44.3 7.7 * * * 25.0 28.6 4.6 0.3 0.1% 0.4 1.4 272.1 1.2 † 0.4 49.1 0.0 0.7 0.7 2.2% 0.0 17.8 2.6 14.9 14.1 0.5 0.4% 0.0 3.0 3.3 8.3 63.4 4. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.4 84.5% 2.8 0.8 1.4 At end 2010 Trillion cubic metres 7.7 0.6 3.5 5.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1990.4 36. America 4.6 years of global production.3 7. driven by rising production.8 7.3 4. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific 0 80 85 90 95 00 05 10 0 World natural gas proved reserves in 2010 were sufficient to meet 58.7 6. & Cent.3 33.0 1990 Total 125.0 40.7 trillion cubic metres 2000 Total 154.9 4.Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years 2010 by region History 200 800 Middle East Asia Pacific World North America S. America Europe & Eurasia Africa 160 600 120 400 80 200 40 North America S.6 8.3 trillion cubic metres 2010 Total 187.7 21 .1 trillion cubic metres 43. & Cent.1 8.2 7. while Middle East and Former Soviet Union regions jointly hold 72% of the world’s gas reserves. 2000 and 2010 Percentage Middle East Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific Africa North America S.8 8.9 4.5 5.1 30. The Middle East once again had the highest regional R/P ratio.5 38. & Cent. R/P ratios declined for each region.

0 27.2 3.4 540.8 573.8 11.4% 1.6% 116.9 12.4 46.1 49.8 59.8% 0.4% 0.3 36.7 73.2 45.2 6.6 36.8 8.4 27.2 383.7 64.5 38.0 3.1 37.6 3.3% 8.6 11.7 116.0 1.4 511.5 56.2% 7.0% 460.9 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 611.7 15.2 30.5 15.5 17.8 – 0.6 526.2 35.0 103.5 23.2 6.4 32.4 3.2 151.0 69.7 12.0 17.4 2975.6% 18.5 12.3 29.8 1053.9% 6.9 1602.5 ◆ 8.3 7.3 12.8 18.6% 0.0 10.9 588.1 10.0 545.3 28.7 15.7% 0.7 1092.0 4.9 29.4 10.2 780.2 555.1 11.7 6.5% 1.0% 50.6 58.6 2. because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor.2 10.4 21.2 24.5 9.2% 6.4 1.3 8.4 3.6% 0.8 84.6 88.9% 2.9 946.0% 0.6% 66.7 66.5 12. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.8 45.0 14.4% 27.3 13.6% 32.0 11.5% 493.2% 0.3 12.7% 83.4 10.4 1433.5 5.2 7.6 58.1 1134.0 1043.5% 50.0 13.9 654.8 9.0 1.7% 1.9 12.8 60.1 5.5 40.9 10.7% 17.4 138.1% 3.2 47.1% 161.8 11.3 12.4% 42.9 35.8 66.5 186. than 0.1 45.4 31.6 17.7% Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.7 19.6 702.6 8.9 9.3 31.9 88.0 16.7 3.3 11.4 5.0 187.0 53.5 28.1 23.3 187.2 967.7 8.3 25.8 13.9 11.0 561.9 18.0 9.8 211.5 -0.9 131.4 21.6 10.4% 1.2 38.3 – 1.6 9.2 25.9 9.3 85.0 8.9 11.2 10.5 763.7 4.2% 7.7 13.6 29.4 3.0 7.2 9.5 12.6 64.3 108.3% 9.5% 0.4 11.5 62.7% 2.5 32.8 -2.0 5.0% 40.5 2.2 80.8 30.0% 55.0 14.5 2.4 12.7 48.1 10.3% 159.6 1001.8 10.1 -1.8% 57.1 536.1 131.3 1849.3 199.0 10.2 14.2 26.3 65.1 84.0 68.0 2478.6 28.6 81.1 3.7 49.5 16.0 28.0 4.5 690.6 14.4 21.5% 5.2 11.9 201.6 9. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 543.6 62.6 671.3 11.1% 4.9 19.5 130.6 20.4 35.4 15.3 17.7% 1.4 232.1 9.9 -9.5 1051.5 5.1 337.3 50.7 10.1 3.5 26.9 13.4 24.0 29.0 8.6% 4.3 69.6 781.0 29.0 13.7% 1.3 22.6 11.3 27.9 1.2 60.2 65.7 2880.0 54.2 7.2 704.7% 1.6 5.6% 18.9 1038.4 17.2 40.3 7.1 73.2 3.6 3.4 0.0 10.5 15.3 39.4 106.7% 0.5 85.8 184.7 4.2 14.3% 10.2 16.9 3.4% 0.2 0.0 6.0 2.8 33.2 1.8 163.1 2413.2 44.7 11.7 11.8 5.4 16.3 78.3 52.4 53.3 12.9 14.7 4.1 227.9 174.1 67.9% 63.2 15.7 23.0% 2.7% 3.2 42.3 8.9 52.4 18.9 46.5 2.3 5.9 152.9 300.5 42.1 79.5 9.1 13.5% 15.4 54.2 5.0% 1.6 -12.7 35.7 103.4% 0.8 111.7 48.4 10.3 37.5% 3.6% 209.5 32.3 70.9 2778.0 6.6 51.5 14.05%.4 580.3 0.7 9.8 11.2 10.1 11.4% 3193.3 30.6% 0.2 70.4 51.5 3.8 176.3% 0.5 4.7 6.0 27.1 12.6 69.7 37.1 66.9% -0.8 16.1 -3.3 759.0 33.4% 80.3 233.bp.8 89.5 5.2 74.5 19.0 13.4 17.6 41.0% 2.3 1927.6 3.3 -3.3 46.5 285.7 420.0 14.5 53.9% 0.3 63.1 22.9 7.1 6.5 1102.4 11.5 44.6 30.2 11.2 11.5 1.1 0.5 9.9 – 0.1 11.1% 17.9 26.0 1096.1 22.2 80.3% 51.7 42.2% 14.9 154.1 8.8 84.1 41.2 801.9 801.0% 1159.1 59.6 99.4% 39.1 4.1 24.2 19.1% 33.1 363.6 -4.6 71.1 16.2 7.5% 11. America Total S.4 10.7 36.4 17.4% 96.5 75.4 63.0% 2.7 524.7 321.9 82.2 14.4 54.3% 10.9% 36.4 10.1 187.0 18.5 36.1 4.4 9.8 13.3 12.5 29.8 52.7 13.3 -2.5% 2033.4 4.3 32.2 2950.0 65.5 27.7 60.8 12.1 570.3 1086.3 4.3 7.3 527.5% 757.3 3.7 384.2 6.4 – 0.4 96.0 49.0 9.4 16.0 10.6 182.0 12.3 9.7 12.7 6.3 1.5 39.2% 5.8 9.3% 138.5% 61.4 12. it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.4 1086.4 1701.6 1.1 766.7 969.2 144.7 4.3% 100.2 108.1 57.9 15.2 41.4 4.6 212.3 26. ◆Less 22 .4 16.1 12.5 17.0 1091.8 60.6% 0.4 601.2 51.0 2.3 59.7 223.1 7.8 657.5% 1.5% 3.5 12.6 1381.7 50. the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar).9 14.1 10.0% 0.3 53.5 592.4 12.4 11.0 1076.5 29.7 1.7 41.8 8.1 5.4 1073.7% 1.5 6.4 16.3 11.4 18.7 5.7 72. & Cent.4 30.5 5.5 23.9 1787.8 0. Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.5% 174.5 31.4% 0.4% 1.3 203.8 24.9 319.8 189.2 0.4 19.9% 0.2 538.1 43.5 38.0% 26.3 45.5 41.8 1523.8 55.2 10.8 9.8% 3.1 -2.7 12.2 2519.6 87.1 -3.5 20.7 103.6% 12.2 6.1 84.0 227.7 12.6 105.1 3.8 2.0 272. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *Excluding gas flared or recycled.8 582.0 15.5 4.9 12.6 2616.3% 106.8 7.9 1126.4 763.4 39.6 134.7 157.2 34.5 54.2% 1.9 595.9 9.0 44.5 772.9 1339.7 39.0 80.4 85.2 71.0 188.5 3.5% 0.3 723.6% 0.0 6.8% 0.7 30.6 35.4% 14.8% 59.2 6.3 78.5 104.3 – 3.3 35.3 14.2% 0.7 7.5 38.5 78.8 26.0 4.1% 1.1 526.6 8.2 12.2 1.4 37.1 4.6% 2.1 151.3 11.4% 2.7 3062.6 102.9 54.5 29.4% -3.6 752.1 24.com/statisticalreview.0 8.4 – 0.4 2694.1 118.6 339.1 19.0 743.5% 15.2 61.4 15.0 357.5 12.5 62.4 51.5 12.4% 0.0 10.0 15.9 7.9 27.1 82.3 262.1% 0.4 58.7 3.3% 10.5 1092.5% 15.8 44.9 0.6 2.5 69.0 17.0 4.9 446.8 528. Notes: As far as possible.7% 23.8 13.0 22.5 171.0 1032.5 11.9 24.9% 0.8 36.5 31.5 2.3% 42.4 23.9 16.3 208.6% 20.6% 82.1% 2.0 63.4 0.2 54.6 62.2% 7.8 71.7% 826.2 1848.2 11.4 15.7 27.4 5.9 11.5 53.5 1.6 41.2 10.6 9.1 0.4 183.2 7.9 6.6 62.9 2.2 108.3% 14.3 30.2% 36.7 4.4 18.9 20.0 11.9 402.9 3.4 65.9 32.4 100.5 89.3% 1.8 3.3 247.4 9.9 11.1 14.0 6.9 64.8 – 1.2 182.5 73. & Cent.2 10.4 16.2 5.5 231.2 28.3% 1.8 10.1 4.4 3.7 6.8 37.4% 13.4 191.8 48.9 61.9 9.1 407.6 50.9 1.8 131.3 7.9 8.5 22.2 – 3.2 60.6 13.9 39.1 11.1 938.5 4.7 49.3 763.0% 5.4 5.7 13.3% 28.1 77.5 11.1% 12.7 80.9 8.2% 70.5 47.4 30.4 793.Production* Billion cubic metres US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.6 4.5 3.7 11.5% 0.4 60.6 44.0 29.5 282.1 6.7% 19.0 737.0 – 2.2 46.

2 31.0% 9. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.1 12.4% 24.7 654.8 21.6 2.9 31.3 17.2 100.1 86.0 83.5 2.3 62.7 613.1 71.1% 7.8% 18.3 76.4 27.9 9.2 503.1 21.0 18.8 7.9 1.2 985.0 86.8 17.3 97.6 2520.1 107.6 9.1 4.3 90.1 27.9 6.9% 7.4% 6.6 10.4 1425.2 3.0 24.5 113.3% -15.0 2.7 759.6 4.3 4.2% 9.2% 11.0% 0.0 2.1 1148.1 5.3 303.7 4.0 44.9 4.1 4.4 31.7 15.8 64.4 33.1 53.3 389.8% 0.05.1 17.0% 1.5% 1.1 19.0 30.1 19.8% 0.9 27.0 30.9 0.3 414.6% 1.3 6.1 1067.4% -0.4 4.5 426.0% 1.6 7.3 14.9 3. measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.5 12.0 22.0 74.2 367.1 3.7 1.3 0.1% 11.5 2.7% 0.4 21.4% 33.3 567.0 583.1 8.7 19.1 31.2 3.4 11.6% 0.4 13.0 28.8 2.0 5.2% -5.4 42.4 614.7% 0.3 0.7 7.3 9.7 39.2 6.5 3.3 1368.8 81.5 24.4 782.0 26.6 807.1 28.1 1.4 2. they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.2 23.8% 1.2 78.0 11.0 77.0 10.8 16.7 2.6 18.6 22.1% 1.0 8.6% 0.9 22.2 91.1 26.9 604.1% 3.6 52.7 15.5% 1.6 0.1 17.7 36.2 0.5 36.5 394.7 1137.6 3169.2% 4.1 32.3 80.1 15.0 1143.2 1622.4 72.3 8.2% 4.9 11.7 13.7 9.3% 0.8 812.4% 16.7 36.5 1056.9 36.8% †Less than 0.9 16.5 2.3 8.8 71.7 43.1 27.7 26.7 4.5% 0.4 83.2 15.0 4.7 8.4 3.9 15.7 141.2 619.0 0.2% 0.2% 5.3% 0.3 12.0 229.9 † 9.5 28.8 16.1 8.2% 18.Consumption Billion cubic metres US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.1 23.4 67.9 135.9 30.7 27.8 12.5 2.7 1.1 69. as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor.1% 4.5 3.0 68.9 486.6 20.8 3.8 2. together with unavoidable disparities in the definition.1% 12.9 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 683.0 3.3 25.0 95.5 5.0% 6.6 12.5 3.7 1060.5 3.4 28.8 48.5 6.3 787.6 23.5 451.7 6.8 22.1 440.6 37.7 14.7 206.6 4.0 1546.1 3.3 4.3 29.3 6.4% 24.3 4.0 22.6 73.1 105.2 565.1 45.7 31.5 90.0 5.2 26.5 5.1 6.2 77.4 6.6 8.5 5.2 33.4 1500.0 65.1 41.6% 21.1 33.3 74.4 102.9 38.4% 2.4 13.4 3.6 15.1% 5.5 35.4 3.8 541.3% 17.1 43.4 93.1 646.1 4.4 87.1 2.1 3.3 7.7 19.6 3.7 19.1 56.1 37.5% 2.7 20.6 5.1% 13.1% 7.7 30.8 2.6 31.7% 0.6 2.2 4.1 43.2 3.5 3.9 23.5% 0.9 20.3% 26.8 630.2 4.7 40.3 100.2 17.3 45.5 481.5 11.2 19.8 17.6% 0.4 523.4 58.1 3.0 18.0 18.9 14.4% 15.0 24.8 3.5 247.2% 9.0 20.5% 7.2 3.5 4.6 3.2% -0.5 13.8 3.3 56.8 26.4 4.6 7.6 34.4% 51.5 19.7 5.6 7.0 93.9 16.com/statisticalreview.4 1.1% 38.1% 2.9 451.9 2.5 68.8 30.2 5.9 79.1 96.5 3.6% 7.4 82.1 7.7 2694.8 3.9 25.4 0.4% 100.0 43.7% 1.0 5.0% 0.3 7.0% 0.4 29.9 5.1 64.2 398.1% 0.7 13.4 2.2% 1.9% 14.2 69.6 0.1% 1.3 3.5 28.0 12.0 11.2 26.9 25.7% 8.7 5.7 0.2 3.8 2606.5 35.5 13.1 486.7 94.9% 0.8 96.6 1.0 4.7 38.1 25.6 29.2 8.3 1417.0 11.7 6.8% 3.8 68.4 17.1 82. Notes: As far as possible.5 3. & Cent.7 43.5 15.2 4.9 18.6 31.7 36.4% 6.2 32.1 87.7 4.9 40.1% 10.4 88.8 20.6 16.6% 10.0 33.9 2950.9 14.5 24.5 1016.2% 0.8 20.1 4.9 5.1 408.3 6.1 3.0 489.6% 21. 23 .3 24.8 14.0 658.4 49.2 494.1 28. America Total S.4 7.5 3.5 9.1 5.8 17.3 93.7 1278.3 16.7 38.5 20.6 3.0% 2.5 10.8 4.5 37.6 0.8 2010 share of total 5.9 7.1 40.4 19.0 30.6 1100.5% 0.4 33.8 774.3 12.1 73.4 25.8 492.0 459.3 26.5 97.8 3.2 60.3 32.1 1114.1 85.9 1471.9 25.6 324.6 21.6 400.4 1129.7 0.5 3.3 63.7 72.9 8.0 11.7 2.8 8.8 5.5 43.0% 4.0 95.1% 3.5 6.8 3.1 422.7 3.5 15.2 136.0% 1.2% 35.0 0.4 15.3% 8.2% 1.5 2.5 9.5 16.6 15.1 4.6 63.3 79.6 2.0 90.2 42.3% ◆ -6.7 2.4 3.6 366.0 8.2 18.0 4.0 85.5% 6.1 0.8 2411.1 24.9 45.4 45.2% 12.6 217.3 94.6 651.1 39.9 4.8% 4.0 17.3 70.8% 0.3% 13.9 3.0 13.5 367.6 37.3 23.8 105.1 6.0% 3.3 39.4% 1.4 6.0 53.6 9.7 2.7 88.8 96.4 3.9 60.8 4.5 1415.5% 0.4 23.4 9.6 4.6% 17.1 778.9 60.5 23.3 38.6 19.6% 2.9 30.1 18.4 5.6 4.7 4.2 2.4 43.4% 13.5% 6.6 629.8 11.1% 1.9 2.1 13.4% 2.7 50.8 37.2 8.1 70.0 37.4 2.9 5.1 0.7 5.0 24.3 13.5 2.4 3.4 59.1 43.9 4.9 45.8 3.9 18.8 16.0 30.1 93.5 77.6 42.2 41.5 5.0 31.2% 2.8 61.3 5.4 66.7 37.2 45.8 79.9% 0.5 2.5 15.0 8.8 35.9 13.4 10.8 19.8 31.6% 8.9 39.0 794.7 95.5 20.9 290. Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.3% 0.9 40.7 13.0 3026.9 34.0 6.9 13.1 41.7 3.8 1151.3% 3.4 0.0% 6.2% 6.4 24.8 40.1 8.2 17.6 27.7 19.1 36.0 1340.9 771.6% 10.6 3.8 77.8 29.9 46.6 3.2 29.2 41.9 81.bp.7 11.5 4.6 24.3% 10.2% 13.2 † 9.0 2455.0 65.2 31.9% 7.3 8.2 9.6 1023.2 2.1 11.0 65.2% 0.1 38.6 4.2 42.3 3.6 35.9 634.4 3.5 3.7 3.8 308.1 † 10.2 5.7 41.1 4.7 4.7 8.8 1422.9 47.0 96.3 10.2 2.6 34.0 79.0 78.2 4.4 31.3 14.1 135.4 1.0 4.4 28.4 20.6 147.9 117.1 5.9 846.9 4.3% -1.5 1359.9 21.2 62.6 2.4 20.8 44.7 13.4% 15.9 2.6 2.0 86.1 27.2 17.5 291.2 38.1% 21.9 3.4 29.9 0.1 12.5 24.8 4.1 33.6% 1.0% 0.3 94.9 416.05%.0 1.3% 0.1% 0.5 18.5% 4.0 26.8 0.5 20.8% 0.2 547.2 38.4 3.3 4.3 5.9 4.5 2.5% 0.9 37.7 98.7 92.8 97.3 8.8% 51.5 60.7 0.3 0.8 53.9 17.7 2.0 3.5% 1.2 4.6 14.5 8.2 35.1 37.3 33.6% 8.7% 0.0 109.7 49.4% 2.2 8.1 26.2 26.5% 0.2 8.9% 0.4 4.5% 0.7 0.7 28.0 3.0 14.9 72.6 2947.1 6.1 8.2 17.5 596.5 43.6 4.7 10.0 11.4 3.3 0.8 2.8 3. the data above represent standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar).3 3.1 5. & Cent.5 11.7 484.2 42.2 71.7 33.2 594.3 24.0 3.3% 4.4 25.5 82.6 32.7 71.5 66.9 † 11.3 13.7 15.1 9.2 350.5 1.4 1213.9 1.8 7.0% 14.4 29.9 16.5 16.1 20.3 39.3 33.2 79.9 42.3% 3.4 4.2 78.1% 7.5 131.2 83.4 1526.6 14.9 1122.4 28.0 10.2 17.7 15.0 22.9% 0.8 27.6 344.9% 6.4% 14.0 95.1 14.5 44.7 4.5 1.5 14.1 25.7 40.3 122.4 24.9 32.4 0.1% 4. ◆Less than 0.7 11.8 2.7 1355.0 1497.3 0.1% 9.7% -0.2 39.7 33.7% 0.4 7.1 2.5 3.6 34.4 6.9 95.2 11.2 19.2% 0.0 12.8 11.8 8.9% 0.6% 3.3 15.8 20.1 365.1 0.0 3.3 30.7% 26.7 89.6 32.7 35.9% 8.7 12.8 17.4 279.4 20.9 81.9 9.8% 14.0 42.7 10.4 49.0 1.5 134.5 2.3 384.5 5.9% 0.5 108.5 59.9 20.9 67.9% 6.2% 22.9 6.5 331.4 820.1 2.1 0.1 15.5 7.0 21.4 10.0 2842.2 8.0 40.8 7.8 22.3% 0.8% 0.3 39.9 2781.7% 11.3% 1.1 51.7 473.9 623.0 12.7 8.4 13.1 1392.1% 4.3% 0.1 5.9 2.9 10.2% 1.5 1.1 9.0 3.8 27.1 11.7 16.4 5.0 35.7 2.8 8.4 10.4 40.4 2.2 119.5 558.9 41.0% 56.4 12.4 7.1 22.5% 6.1 50. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes oil equivalent figures.2 0.6 1.0 95.9 4.4 12.2 1453.1 45.0 6.4% 48.0 11.3 186. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 660.7 33.9% 0.2 458. The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants.6 13.8 9.9 34.8 45.9 3.2 4.2 3.5 9.1 354.4 17.9% 0.7 23.9 4.8 20.0% 1.8 27.3 4.5 † † 18.4 1475.7 38.1 9.5 46.6 16.9 82.3 33.6 3.0 1.4 3.9 3.1 25.4 22.3% 12.7 35.7 3.1 40.2% 0.2 9.

6 208.7 2763.0 96.4 63.3 54.7 0.7 16.8 13.1% 0.5 80.6% 0.2 683.4 6.1 5.5 13.2 65.4% 87.8 41.4% 0.3 16.5 56.0 6.5 137.3 76.0% 1050.4 1.3 27.7 1.9% 63.2 24.0 697.9 156.3 14.5% 443.4 1531.4 991.6 11.3 22.8% 51.8 2238.0 42.5 37.7 18.8 508.3% 7.5% 10.1 -3.3 44.9 6.7% 750.5 62.2 59.4 256.1 18.3 32.5 21.7 2685.3 48.8% 0.6 3.1 9.9 10.2 362.0 10.8 9.3 12.1 22.6% 18.7 57.4 78.7% 1.9 16.6 73.4 48.3 12.0 37.5% 13.6 3.5% 682.5 26.2 210.9 21.3 44.6 74.6 704.8 37.9 10.9 5.1% 145.0 9.3 7.9 10.0 8.2 64.1 – 2.5% 45.6 901.5 164.4 – 0.4 14.5 694.8 270.5 16.1% 16.4 532.7% 3.1 9.5 55.0% 49.5 2.4 17.2 190.2% 14.9 11.9 16.2 37.9 8.6% 16.3% 9.9 5.8 92.2% 0.3 3.3 – 2.4% 38.7 9.9% 36.3 48.5 3.8 14.4 489.9% 0.0 17.7% 0.5 72.8 106.1% 1.0 938.5 0.7% 1.8 4.4% 2.8 4.9 43.8 76.8 530.0% 414.0 327.4 8.3 10.0 139.3% 38.5 516.6 11.4% 0.0 30.0 2664.7 73.2 11.1 4.4 9.6 289.1 17.3 28.4 34.5% 5.9 36.2 9.0 121.7 2.6 10.0 3.5 12.2 97.4 305.5 12.3 10.6 93.0 1.0 4.1 474.0 10.9% 0.5 168.4 38.2 1.8 -2.7 58.1 6.6% 4.0 20.6 9.6% 59.8 1735.5 39.1 35.9 9.5 2.2 11.0% 26.4% 0.1 10.4 0.7 9.8 28.1 182.2 7.8 48.7% 23.8 25.3 12.3 76.6 56.9 12.2 631.7 973.8 1028.0 18.9% 6.4 16.3 0.0 5.3 10.4 190.6% 32.8 664.3 5.1 7.5% 157.7 287.8 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 556.6 3. .5 8.1 870.6 1441.6 22.9 28.4 15.4% -3.6% 0.4 22.8% 0.2 31.1% 30.2 11.2 9.1 499.2 20.2 5.2 13.2 57.2 33.5 253.5 26.7 3.8 21.6% 105.9 72.1 10.8 5.7 9.2 494.4 52.0 3.3 12.3 12.9% -0.3 – 0.05%.3 1609.3 52.0 5.6 7.6 11.2 33.0 10. & Cent.4 9.5 86.3 53.3 59.2% 6.5 7.0% 0.7 17.1 23.4 11.2 76.5% 1.9 72.0 45.5 2507.0 6.6 70.9 991.7 11.5 15.1 8.2 53.7 13.0 17.7 -2.4% 0.8 3.3 1289.8 8.5% 1830.1 13.4% 1.1% 3.2 3.5 4.1% 2.8 14.5 23.0 29.9 6.6 2.7 10.3 345.7 -0.2 15.2 10.8 11.4 8.3 14.3 20.7 322.6% 18.4 728.7 0.3 63.6% 0.3 56.6 7.2 2.8 11.7 204.2 712.2% 6.4 2009 531.6 25.6 15.7 2.0 7.9 26.3 52.4 26.6 -9.9 79.1 9.7 2431.2 94. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 495.3% 1.4 16. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *Excluding gas flared or recycled.1 3.9 64.2 3.0 845.1 4.5 2.4 48.2 6.3% 0.9 2178.7 158.6 591.1 76.3 5.3 4.4 6.4 3.8 366.5 130.3 72.5 9.9 985.4% 11.2 7.7 10.4 8.3 38.7 38.3% 1.0 34.3 76.8 8.8 10.0 70. ◆Less 24 than 0.9 11.9 77.6% 73.4 14.0 47.3 12.4 2362.6 4.5% 3.5 45.6 41.9 11.0 8.7 505.2 6.6 56.4 172.8 58.1 13.5 13.9 484.5 23.7 40.7 64.2% 63.8 345.6 3.9 169.4% 0.4% 72.2 167.4 18.5 21.4 684.1 10.3 169.7 1.8 34.3 43.3 28.9 480.5 10.8% 53.1 15.6 66.4 37.8 57.2 54.2 522.8 7.3 41.1 21.3 56.1 43.7 22.1 11.2 473.3 209.4 4.1 244.3 23.9 5.4 10.4 33.6 29.8 62.9 136.8 934.7 535.2 2274.3 15.2 -2.2 8.0 37.1 10.5 41.0 9.9 95.4 1.8 45.9 34.7 17.2 8.1 181.0 1.8 29.4 0.1 54.0% 36.1 26.6 26.9 33.4 2600.0 378.5 3.2% 5.3 35.0 1000.8 2.2 1.7 10.4 621.3 27.5 9.9 10.4 35.9 5.6 5.6 11.3 29.0 11.2 15.9% 2.8 41.5% 0.2 46.0 61.8 0.9 0.7 79.9 604.5% 1.7 9.5 12.8 2.1 9.4 4.6 147.3 11.3 6.1 – 0.6 32.7 – 1.1 16.5 0.2% 1.7 26.1 9.0 – 1.Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.5 11.3 26.1 10.1 5.3 11.3% 124.3 32.9 4.3 20.5 17.5 14.5 995.1 31.9 58.3 80.0% 0.7 43.6 54.6 154.3 946.5% 3.6% 188.3 21.7 10.5 11.9 46.5 7.1 60.5 1371.7 58.3% 9.3% 100.2 – 3.7 -4.5% 15.4 16.3 5.8 4.5% 14.7% 1.0 11.7 1.9 10.4 475.7 54.3% 9.1 25.7 8.4 3.6 -3.2 977.5% 55.0% 5.8 3.7% 1.3% 45.3 24.7 69.8 60.6 27.1 303.0 49.9 53.5 67.1 1205.0% 2.1 55.0 20.4 104.7 1.1 62.1 8.4 27.9 10.4 710.0 23.9 24.8 976.8 29.7 136.7 7.3 31.7 947.5 11.2 48.7 179.4 29.7% 15.7 56.6 5.6 9.4 3.0% 1.1 4.5 118.1 124.4 1020.3 201.1 14.0 40.4 32.5 49.2% 7.7 12.2 222.7% 0.8 8.6 651.3 39.5 25.7 48.6 46.9 204.7 9.4% 24.4% 2880.3 50.5 14.2 30.7 5.4 8. America Total S.2 16.3 13.3 12.1 5.4 2.3 11.4 2.6 97.9 6.2 9.1 44.6 -3.5 3.7% 2.4% 1.1 51.7 14.7 2.8 872.0 32.3 695.2 13.1 401.5% 0.2 1243.9 14.6 100.9 3.6 164.2 118.5 714.1 35.6 65.8 729.3% 12.6 -12.8 118.8 3.4 71.2 6.4 19.8 31.4 70.3 2.9% 0.7 5.4 40.5 108.0 21.4 141.3% 95.7% 1.1% 10.1 36.1 19.7 10.5 0.2 4.6 27.0 170.5 989.3 93.0% 2.5 15.0 90.5 – 0.9 4.1 11.1 36.6 24.4 3.7% 19.1 4.8 44.4 93.9 32.5 7.6% 0.7 3.8 9.2 236.8 6.6% 0.3 541.9 25.7 16.8 8.8 9.3 13.8 852.9 521.3 5.0 89.7 166.7 ◆ 8.8 9.0 49.8% 3.3 2.0 62.6% 11.2 9.9 11.2% 0.2% 5.5% 0.4% 13.8 11.5 676.8 1664.7 35.7 165.6% 2.3 59.0% 2.8 3.3% 25.3 9.3 64.7% 75.6 168.7 7.9 33.7 35.9 43.9 6.3 27.8 24.6 1663.7 10.0 5.7 588.7 694.3 45.6 40.5 59.2 11.6 8.6 51.8 117.7 3.6 13.4 693.4% 1.0 5.0 479.1 12.4 27.3 48.4 40.2 187.5 9.6 13.3 16.9 54.2% 32.2 46.6 46.1 3.8 7.0 24.1 467.6 9.4 -1.0% 45.4% 35. & Cent.5 9.1 11.8 4.5 40.3 1.9 7.0 1.3% 8.9 929.5 27.4 24.2 25.7% Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.1% 3.8 10.0 8.3% 143.7 2.0 10.4 14.1 6.9 67.

2% 35.5 35.7 27.9 0.7 44.2 20.3 1.3 537.5 9.2 8.6 5.9 34.8 5.7 2.4 3.0 38.3 10.8 4.8 4.1 1.1 708.0 132.5 42.2 4.4 406.8 4.3 18.5 54.8 10.9 18.4 25.5 2.5 121.0 10.7 309.0 6.8 6.2% -5.0 26.2 10.5 443.4 37.0 2.9 35.4 40.3 577.6 65.0% 0.5 1.1 2.5 16.2 2.5 7.1 3.6 53.4% 51.0 14.3% 0.5 206.2 26.4 593.9 11.7 16.1 77.1 21.5 94.9 1324.7 16.7 6.8 18.4 83.8 65.0 767.6 453.2 23.2% 6.7 0.0 22.0 7.9 2.5 2.4 2.0 6.7 354.9 85.6 33.6 2.0 4.3 1010.7 40.9 1.6 18.8 24.5% 1.9 18.2 5.2 35.0 79.4% 15.3 3.6 60.4 4.5 261.5 2.9 14.5% 6.3 22.7 0.8 36.2 89.4 18.5 35.6% 3.9 75.6% 7.3 30.4 1313.4% 100.5 63.2 28.7 87.0 3.6 18.6 18.1 10.3 4.3 87.7 2.7 2.0 2.3 15.8% 0.2 12.9% 0.3% 3.0 2.8 4.0 121.0 437.6 36.0 28.4 74.6 86.6 39.0 493.2 17.6 3.8 15.2% 0.6% 21.8% 0.4 39.7% 11.7 3.1 15.8 5.6 503.1% 1.1 1023.0 14.5 14.8 10.2 4.5 1.1 10.8 2858.4% 24.6 18.7 2.7 3.1 11.8 746.2 3.9 3.1 29.5% 6.0 3.5 15.1 25.0% 2.8 27.2 4.2 3.2% 0.9% 0.3% 12.3 2.8 2009 588.1% 3.9 14.5 10.4 2.1 11.4 4.6 63.4 438.8 3.1% 2.9 8.1 42.5 8.8 10.6% 8.2 14.7 29.6 4.9 16.3 0.8 4.9 4.6 66.4 0.3 † 8.9 222.9 86.2 8.4 27.7 5.9 71.1 5.6% 10.0 24.8 4.1% 4.5 33.1 31.7 7.1% 9.4 67.7 6.2% 1.1 3.2 19.6 12.1 22.1 272.2 12.4 46. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 600.5 123.0 12.2% 4.9 27.3 0.8% 1.2 2.3 2.8 9.8 11. America Total S.5 396.0 63.1 11.4 71.7 39.1% 38.8 2.7 12.4% 48.1 3.0% 1.5 34.0 16.1 2.3 471.3% 13.2 90.7 2.3 26.6 3.8 715.1 30.3% 26.4 † † 17.7 4.1 1397.4 3.3 70.5 1.0% 4.7 2.0 27.1 25.8 39.5 97.6% 0.4 11.6 78.5 3.4% 2.0 1373.1 8.4 13.8% 0.1 36.7 5.5 739.9% 0.2 74.0% 6.1% 0.6 5.3 4.2 2.9% 14.7 2176.5 31.5 22.8 14.0 9.5 70.5 2.4 85.6% 10.5% 2.6% 0.4 3. together with unavoidable disparities in the definition.5 71.6 9.0 3.8 50.7 44.8 11.4% 6.6 24.6 86.0 32.9 7.0 11.7 11.3 8.3 374.1 18.4 32.5 12.6 8.0 14.9 7.8 315.1 22.7 30.3 85.8 4.6 3.3 64.8 15.7 23.0 914.3 444.5 10.5 61.3% 17.6 3.4 0.3 0.3 433.5 60.9 29.5 77.2 16.8 80.2% 9.7 8.5 24.8 3.3 1.1 19.1 85.9 2.1% 7.7 960.2% 0.0 12.8 68.1 2.6 3.7 22.5 2.0 6.4 2.5 29.2 12.3% 0.7 3.8 2.0 24.8 7.4 31.6% 21.9 733.7 23.4 71.1 101.2 24.9 40.8% 51.1% 7.2 7.2 5.4 7.9 11.4 2.3% 0.5 8.9 35.7 2.5 4.9 41.6% 17.4 4.4 75.6% 2.5 22.8 7.Consumption Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.3 9.2 34.2 17.4 3.9% 8.7 28.9 720. 25 .7 3.1 2.4 3.7 77.8 56.4% 2.3 3.0% 56.3 262.8% 4.8 7.9 57.2 544.9 81.8 7.4 3. ◆Less than 0.3 85.8% 3.9 18.7 21.7 56.2 2.6 6.9% 6.5% 0.3 2.0 1.0 70.4 33.8 29.5 7.4 4.8 8.3 5.8 360.0 87.2 23.4 72.5 2.2 17.3 4.8 2.3% 0.2 8.3 21.4% 2.2 34.1 22.3 81.3% 3.3% 10.1 710.8 3.8 12.8 509.5 71.7 26.9 9.0 25.6 1290.8 0.7 551.7 2.7 64.0 7.8 45.0 59.7 5.2 0.2% 22.9% 7.9 28.7 24.7% 0.2 30.5 2661.3% 1.3 292.0 36.4 277.3 1029.1 600.2 11.8 1151.4 30.2 3.2 0.4 7. Notes: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants.2 61.8 22.8 2.5 251.6 27.2% 12.0% 9.7 21.9 7.3 2.1 13.6 13.6 8.6 25.0 84.1 3.4 2.9 1347.0 59.3 0.0 1.3 32.6 5.2 1003.6 6.2% 0.8 8.5 4.2 73.5% 0.2 40.6 329.1 2.8 17.2 1225.5 32.5 74.8 3.0 7.6 1213.0% 14.1 15.4 23.7% 0.5 19.1 20.1 16.1 3.5 3.0 22.8 702.5 568.1 1.4 0.8 21.2 41.8% 0.4 22.1% 11.0 23.0 51.5% 0.9 886.5 36.5 62.8 15.7 5.1 330.6 487.7 17.4 318.9 17.6 2731.3 3.6 3.3 127.7 3.5 10.2 2.1 7.9% 0.7 1.0% 1.0 23.1% 4.6 2.3 2.8 1280.6 1.6 24.5 1033.5 121. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.5% 0.9 383.0 69.5 88.4 35.0 48.7 950.1% 4.1 11.8 25.2 2216.3 17.0 557.7 14.8 36.4% 33.8 27.6 1239.3% -1.6 45.8 97.05.1 0.9 8.2% 4.7 6.3 1.5 0.5 26.3 3.0 372.1% 13.5 7.6 31.1 17.1 31.6 22.9 33.1 2010 share of total 5.6 2.6 58.0 4.8 1092.6 11.0 3.7 359.9 329.9 8.2 3.0 98.3 7.4 58.3% -15.9 110.7 2.8 12.4 12.1 37.2 1036.6 3.1 17.2 14.8 13.7 52.9 3.2 59.7 2661.9 84.5 54.2% 1.3 14.1 3.9 12.6 38.8 12.7% 0.7 2.0 3.4% 24.1 34.2 920.0% 0.3 0.4 94.8 36.1 2.3 29.5 5.1 6.1% 3.4 9.2 14.3% 0.9 3.4 53.4 525.3% ◆ -6.2 2275.5 1.9 21.7 1016.8 37.0% 6.6% 1.8 62.8 298.9% 0.8 2353.7 12.8 27.1 14.9 34.0 0.1 38.7 19.1 19.2% -0.1 21.5% 0.2% 13.2 597.9 3.5 27.8 0.5 2.3 0.9% 0.0 2511.6 33.6 4.0% 0.9 34.4% 6.9 34.7 13.9 48.1 0.5 39.7 28.3% 4.5 379.7 35.7% 26.1 18.1 19.0 84.3 425.1 15.2% 1.4% 1.5 705.6 32.5% 6.6% 8.0% 1.6 † 8.8 7.7 4.4 5.3 54.7 58. measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.6 105.1 4.0 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 621.0 2.2% 0.8 22.3 954.3 22.2 3.7 74.5 3.6 8.5 38.5 9.3 367.3 3.4 13.7 25.6 2.9 87.8 1.8 18.2% 5.4 19.3 9.4 3.0 69.6 77.7 0.2 1275.3% 8.2% 9.1% 0.6 21.9 37.9% 0.8 31.1% 5.2 91.6 48.1% 12.8 510.9 560.6 2.3 19.7% 1.7% -0.8 0.4 6.5 22.3 573.5 43.8 64.7 19.7 29.3 15.0 35.9 18.9 78.0 70.5 346.3 85.4 17.2 4.9 7.5 15.5 690.4 3.4 32.8 28.0 15.4 14.7 81.5 17.7 16. & Cent.4 11.4% 14.9 2431.7% 8.4 2565.1 1260.2 3.5% 1.0 2.7 7.7 4.0 4.8 14.5 62.1 1.4 24.5 19.0 39.3 28.1 1.4 8.8 12.3 34.5% 4.5 9.4 413.9 66.9 42.2 11.6 1460.7% 0.0% 0.4 7.6 10.2% 11.1 32.3 1336.0 40.5 9.5 2.5 11.4 1358.9 45.4 6.0% 1.8 4.0 84.6 0.1 990.8% 0.0 6.0 168.3 20.4 65.6 7.1 10.1 15.1 56.7 24.7% 0.3 20.7 0.0 7.4 2.5 38.5 118.5% 0.8 534.5 0.3 0.7 66.9% 6.2 32.4 11.6 2.9% 7.4 4.4 73.2 26.1 19.4 3.1 3.9 17.8 33.1 37.9 79.4 31.9 19.6% 1.9 16.9 13.7 36.5 15.4 4.2% 18.0% 3.5 412. & Cent.4 36.4 5.6 5.4 10.8 28.5% 0.0 2.7 6.1 2.6 39.2 3.0 23.7 2.4 24.8 13.8 22.2 27.1% 1.5 14.4 3.7 32.2 39.2 1287.4 107.4% -0.3 26.5 25.2 30.8 12.7 6.7 2.4 16.1 28.1 90.5 13.3 33.1 85.9 7.9 10.4 30.3 85.1% 10.8 0.8% 18.3 2.5 74.5 39.8 18.6 4.0 54.1% 21.1 15.2 0.8 24.2 38.5% 1.4 440.1 † 9.3 29.6 2.4 19.4% 13.8 14.5 4.1 37.0 44.5% 7.5 38.7 26.2 81.7 14.6 3.3 15.0 30.1 15.7 5.9 350.4 10.1% 7.0 3.7 17.4% 16.5 2.1 73.5 41.5 59.6 10.2% 2.5 4.4 28.5 330.6 3.6 31.6 35.8 18.6 5.7 28.2 195.8 41.7 5.9 5.8 1223.9 70.05%.3 186.6% 0.3 78.4 3.3 4.3 9.7 37.3 406.0 575.4% 15.4 55.2 4.1 435.8 2.7 4.8% 14.1 13.6 8.4 30.1 14.3 21.8 3.1% 1.5 25.4 5.6 † 9.0 22.9 5.5 36.7 2.4 15.8% †Less than 0.5 6.4 32.9% 0.2 0.3% 0.6 10.

4%.0 26 10 0 . Russia recorded the largest production increment.0 > 2.Production by region Consumption by region Billion cubic metres Billion cubic metres 3500 Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America 85 90 95 00 05 10 3500 Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America 3000 3000 2500 2500 2000 2000 1500 1500 1000 1000 500 500 0 85 90 95 00 05 World natural gas production increased by 7.5 1.5-2.5 0. The US recorded the world’s largest gas consumption increment.0-1.0 1. Natural gas consumption increased by 7. Growth was above average in all regions.5-1. Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes oil equivalent 0-0. the largest increase since 1984. with above-average growth in all regions but the Middle East.3%.

Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).37 3.35 2.73 12.55 9.95 8.12 1.77 2.01 3.00 4.88 2.52 3. †Source: Heren Energy Ltd.91 4.33 4.33 5.41 13.10 5.49 1.05 3.71 3.77 5.66 3.23 4.00 2.93 2.58 2.17 2.56 *Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office. Natural Gas Week.66 11.83 4.06 4.83 6.85 3.19 2.98 4.72 4.89 3.83 5.35 3.32 5.39 2. 1991-2010 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).25 3.33 3.89 4.16 2.85 8.87 1.76 6.03 7.06 10.10 3.55 2.79 4.69 2.89 1.12 1.18 6.64 4.17 4.22 2.53 2.46 7.75 2.Prices $/Mmbtu US Henry Hub Average German Import Price cif UK NBP Japan LNG cif 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 03 02 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 0 Prices US dollars per million Btu 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 LNG Japan cif Average German Import Price* 5.27 4.05 0.69 2.34 3.47 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.91 3.38 3.42 2.62 3.28 3.54 3.23 4.85 6.14 7. ‡Source: Energy Intelligence Group.08 4.70 1.61 2.01 10.66 3.96 3.39 – – – – – – 1.27 4.14 4.88 7.57 3.52 8.27 8.76 10.86 1.92 1.69 5.69 1.09 2.17 7.08 2.82 2.50 2.00 3.56 3.46 2.64 2.64 3.96 1.01 Natural gas UK (Heren NBP Index)† US Henry Hub‡ Canada (Alberta)‡ Crude oil OECD countries cif – – – – – 1.36 1.75 3.70 2.74 10.89 6.64 1. 27 .76 2.99 3.82 3.07 3.46 3.85 8.18 3.95 16.05 7.25 5.23 4.63 5.45 0.19 2.79 6.87 6.38 7.00 4.29 2.99 3.89 0.57 4.03 11.56 8.78 3.32 1.98 1.

Natural gas: trade movements 2010 Numbers in blue refer to liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade Numbers in black refer to pipeline trade Numbers in red refer to both pipeline and LNG trade Fold out to see full table 28 .

08 16.50 – – 0.64 33.42 – 0.08 1.89 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.16 – – – – – – – 3.44 44.65 – – – – – – – – – – 2.42 2.08 – – 0.64 0.92 – 13.85 0.54 – – – 1.88 7.82 0.82 0.15 0.87 – – – – – – 93.08 4.08 0.48 19.17 – – – – – – – 0.66 – – 1.22 Source: Cedigaz (provisional).67 – – 11.85 – – 5.25 – 1.59 – Pe ru – – – Co lom bia Tri nid & T ad ob ag o – – – Bo livi a – – – Arg en tin a 0.82 1.25 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.44 – – – 0.91 5.05 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.50 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.35 – 3.08 2.36 4.95 2.81 677.32 – – – – – – 0.63 – – – – 0.94 – – 1.94 – 8.19 0.82 – – – 1.52 24.15 – – – – – – – – – – – 0.17 – 0.44 – 0.50 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.15 32.50 48.33 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.18 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.41 0.52 0.65 – – – – – – – – – – 6.08 – – – – – 0.12 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.23 – – – – – – 1.08 – 1.09 – – – – 6.89 1.65 – – – – – – – – – – 3.77 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.08 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.08 1.14 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5.41 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.72 – – 1.60 – 2.18 – – – – – 0.70 – – – – – 7.25 – – – – 0.29 0.43 – – – – – 6.09 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.45 30.21 – – 17.08 0.56 0. GIIGNL (aggregated data) for all flows.52 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.03 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.85 – – Me xic o 92.48 93.05 0.24 92.21 2.07 – 0.51 – – – – – 8.47 0.08 – 2.75 – – – – – – – 8.43 – – – – – – – 13.85 – 3.40 – – – – – – – – – – 0.54 31.25 – – – – – 0.05 – 0.18 – 0.61 1.61 12.10 – – – 14.56 – – – – 0.09 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.95 – – – – – – – 0.16 36.62 – – – 0.83 8.17 – 0.30 – 2.49 11.03 34.54 – – – – – – – – – – 1.95 1.62 – 9.08 1.12 0.45 – – 17.48 5.90 – 17.0 pipeline 0.08 – – – – – – – – – 3.26 – 26.02 – – – – – – – – – – 8.08 – 1.36 – – – – 7.90 0.08 2.15 – 0.75 – 19.04 – 3.12 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0. America Argentina Brazil Chile Dominican Republic Puerto Rico Uruguay Venezuela Europe & Eurasia Austria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg FYR of Macedonia Moldova Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Africa Ghana Morocco Tunisia South Africa Middle East Iran Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Syria United Arab Emirates Asia Pacific Australia China China Hong Kong SAR India Japan Malaysia Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Pipeline exports LNG exports Total exports Mo zam biq ue Nig eri a From Billion cubic metres 5.50 1.26 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.12 23.00 5.21 34.10 2.85 – – 0.63 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.16 28.98 – – – – – – – – – – 92.14 – 0.41 – – – – 0.08 – – – – – – – 0.57 3.08 – – – 6.91 15.77 – – – 0.31 55.08 – Tur ke y Un ite Kin d gd om – – – Sp ain – – – Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases.91 9.29 – 19.38 20.82 – – – – – – – – – – – 2.70 – 0.40 – 0.50 34.54 0.63 8.00 12.36 41.91 5.49 – 1.90 14.43 US To North America US Canada Mexico S.07 0.54 – – – 7.85 – 0.21 2.48 22.59 – – – – – – – – – – 1.12 – – – – – 0.00 44.08 – – 0.25 19.08 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.10 – 0.91 – – – 3.40 – 92.53 – 1.08 – – – – – 36.50 8.75 94.73 – – – – – – – – – – 13.64 0.78 – – 1.69 17.85 – – – – – – – – – – 0.87 – 1.48 – 2.76 – – – – – – – – – – 0.23 – 0.68 33.71 7.04 – 0.75 – – 2.54 0.70 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.85 2.09 – – – – – – – 0.88 – 4.66 2. CISStat.16 – – – – – – – – – 1.25 3.15 1.15 – 30.52 0.66 0.33 95.94 6.68 – 1.82 – – – – – – – – – 5.76 33.57 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2. & Cent.66 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4.0 LNG Az erb aija n Ne the rla nd s No rw ay – – – Ita ly – – – Ge rm an y – – – Fra nc e – – – De nm ark 0.82 – 2.34 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.63 – 0.35 – – 0.42 – – – – 3.51 – – 20.08 1.91 5. except intra-CIS trade.15 – – – – – – – – – – 0.42 – 8.24 92.84 – – 1.34 9.60 – – – – 0.47 5.44 – 0.71 53.72 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.03 53.13 0.77 0.07 1.29 66.00 0.82 0.08 – 0.47 0.89 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.25 3.55 12.40 1.24 – – – – – – – – – – – – 6.90 0.10 2.37 0.74 – 0.09 0.85 0.90 0.35 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.09 – 0.21 2.81 8.43 12.77 – – 3.90 – 0.18 – – – – – 3.40 – 0.08 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.40 – – Ca na da – 20.11 0.16 1.85 2.88 36.03 – – 0.08 – – 6.18 1.20 – – – – – – – – – – 0.45 6.15 – 1.17 – – – – – – – – – – 5.08 – – 0.43 – – – – 0.98 0.25 1.15 – 0.48 – 5.06 – – 25.11 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.83 – 3.20 – – – 5.32 – – – – – – – – – 0.20 0.96 2.36 4.82 – 5.33 0.05 – – – – – 3.66 2.81 – – – – 0.34 – – 0.47 0.08 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.08 – – 0.14 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.25 1.69 – – – – 0.45 0.04 – – – – 0.40 – 8.67 1.34 – – 0.35 – – 5.68 – – 18.52 0.33 0.83 9.29 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.83 – 3.15 0.16 6.62 – – – – – – – – – – 0.94 – 2.59 0.83 – 0.86 – – 0.82 0.91 9.71 15.50 – – – – 0.25 – – – – – – – 0.47 5.11 – 0.35 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11.96 – – – – 6.88 8. Includes re-exports from US and Belgium.69 0.26 – 0.03 9.95 7.30 – 0.42 – – 7.18 1.32 – – – 0.15 0.29 75.69 17.46 9.95 – – – – – – – – – – 5.18 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.15 – 1.05 – – – 3.98 – – 27.55 – – – – – – – – 19.66 2.90 7.90 – 0.78 0.42 – – – – – – – – – – 11.56 – 13.76 – 14.53 – – – – – – – – – – 14.40 11.27 – – 0.26 3.46 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.07 – – – – – – – – 2.72 105.16 3.65 – 15.07 – – 53.91 – – – – – – – – – 1.88 0.19 0.61 – 10.17 – 5.00 93.90 – 8.75 – – – – – – – – – – 3.15 4.45 – 13.00 14.50 1.16 – – – – – – 0. 0.15 32.19 – – – – – – – – – 10.04 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.50 – – 11.78 3.26 – 1.36 25.08 16.16 – – – – – – – – – – 9.05 6.82 2.67 6.82 3.69 0.83 9.18 – 2.07 – 0.33 1.47 – 14.80 – – 6.16 1.81 677.83 – – 3.17 11.26 Be lgiu m 5.08 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.15 – – 3.53 10.79 – 0.65 – 11.18 – 2.16 1.14 – – – – – – – – – – – 0.05 – – – 8.68 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.77 1.26 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6.52 18.63 1.57 – – 0.08 – – 3.63 0.50 1.41 0.52 2.16 – 0.08 – – – 1.39 3.77 1.36 4.90 24.60 3.15 – 0.38 1.57 – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.03 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.08 – – – 0.63 1.03 8.16 5.85 – 24.15 – – 10.17 11.16 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6.27 – 0.64 31.67 1.27 – – – 5.18 1.55 – 1.55 – – – – – 0.15 1.12 0.95 199.09 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.15 1.63 0.82 – 3.90 – 0.99 0.45 – 6.55 – – – – – – – 6.00 2.08 – 0.78 2.25 – – – 2.20 – – – 8.54 – 3.18 – – – – 0.38 12.25 20.97 10.23 – – – – – 3.23 2.82 – 5.50 – – – – – – – 1.34 3.17 0.01 – – – – – 27.45 – – – 0.25 0.29 0.98 – – – 0.38 – 0.25 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7.Natural gas: trade movements 2010 My an ma r Pip eli ne im po rts LN G im p or To ts ta im l po rts Ea st Tim or – – – 2.63 0.02 – – – 1.08 – – – – – 5.64 3.28 – 16.63 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.78 – – – 0.66 – – – – – – – – – – 15.17 – – – – – – 0.73 – – 0.52 – 0.63 975.04 0.41 – – – 0.86 1.18 – – – – – – – – – 0.92 – 18.56 – – – – – – – – – 1.76 – – – – – – – – 1.64 3.63 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.83 – – – – – – – 3.73 – 19.35 – – 30.59 – 297.17 – – 9.64 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.37 0.43 2.34 1.81 – 8.97 10.04 – – – – – – – 0.81 8.82 – 0.0 both LNG and pipeline Ma lay sia – – – Ind on es ia – – – Ch ina – – – Bru ne i – – – Au str alia – – – Ye me n Om an Un i Emted A ira rab tes Ira n – – – Qa tar Lib ya – – – Eg yp t – – – Alg eri a Eq u Gu ator ine ial a Ka zak hs tan Ru ssi Fe an de rat ion Tur km en ist an Uz be kis tan 0.95 186.15 75.55 – – – 8.40 0.66 – 0.89 31.33 100.59 297.83 5.09 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.25 19.37 0.72 – – – – – – – 4.10 2.80 – – – – – – – 2. .76 0.15 – – 0.80 16.16 – – 2.15 12.

0 5.8 10.9 5.1 6.9 20.1% in 2010.4%.0 92.6%) in LNG shipments. LNG exports are dominated by the Middle East region.8 9.9 55. driven by strong growth (+22.1 9. 29 .3 17. LNG now accounts for 30. Qatar (the world’s largest LNG supplier) saw its exports grow by 53.7 43.2%. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific Pipeline gas LNG Natural gas trade Pipeline exports and imports LNG exports and imports 500 Pipeline exports Pipeline imports North America Latin America Europe & Eurasia Africa Middle East Asia Pacific 500 LNG exports LNG imports 450 450 400 400 350 350 300 300 250 250 200 200 150 150 100 100 50 50 North America 0 Latin America Europe & Eurasia Africa Middle East Asia Pacific 0 Natural gas trade grew by 10.4 17. Pipeline shipments grew by 5.2 21.2 6.2 16.3 8.6 32.3 5.5 14.9 16. led by growth in Russia.5 4.1 44.4 18.8 5. & Cent.5% of global gas trade.1 36.0 12.Major trade movements Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres) 113.0 8.4 20. Europe and Eurasia accounts for roughly two-thirds of global pipeline gas trade.5 6.8 US Canada Mexico S.9 7.

0% 378529 44.01 41.47 56.50 41.96 36.95 †Source: McCloskey Coal Information Service.3% 7.54 64.71 43.58 49.20 38.12 62.9% 5709 0.65 43.79 68.11 88.82 158.5% 4559 0. Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions.19 .1% ◆ 150 3707 0.66 92.66 47.5% 241 97 130 231 * 91 120 * 148 82 22 223 44 183 303 43 9 495 73 27 462 13 317 257 119 301 * * 127 180 35 106 18 382 107 16 * 60 69 3 114 57 118 184 92 105 452 *More than 500 years.63 Japan coking coal import cif price 60.03 31.6% 6582 0.5% 228034 26.45 57.90 70.53 33.05%.4% 265843 30.83 39.92 32.5% 2366 0.51 35.90 34.1% 600 0. than 0.4% 30156 3. 30 Japan steam coal import cif price 50.5% 6746 0.57 60.86 122. ‡Source: Platts.76 42.81 50.0% 482409 56.08 71.2% 33600 3.2% ◆ 126 1239 0.59 29.1% 245088 28. Prices are for CAPP 12.25 38.1% 1203 0.60 72.80 38.51 50.7% ◆ 291 157010 18. Note: CAPP = Central Appalachian. fob = free on board.5% 502 0.30 48.68 37.96 51.6% 304604 35.54 60. Prices for 1990-2000 are the average of the monthly marker.82 55.1% 2070 0.34 62.81 110.00 31.79 35.9% 76400 114500 13.15 33.7% 3020 0. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year. the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.1% 724 0.01 28.500Btu.9% 860938 100.86 29. Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources.1% 1034 0.08 60. America Total S.18 44. cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).33 93.68 55. 2001-2010 the average of weekly prices.99 39.85 31.2% 530 0.8% 1211 0.90 50. 2001-2010 by coal price assessment date.03 167.26 51.1% 32895 3. & Cent. Prices for 1990-2000 are by coal price publication date.24 179. 1.54 45.16 118.11 105.53 29.53 40.29 29. ◆Less Prices US dollars per tonne 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Northwest Europe marker price† 43.00 28.91 63.6% 5529 ◆ 350 571 0.96 89.46 88.8% 479 0.01 29.69 41.9% ◆ 228 22175 2.48 42.45 45. America Bulgaria Czech Republic Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Middle East Total Middle East & Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand North Korea Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union Sub- bituminous and lignite 108501 3474 860 112835 – 6366 479 45 6890 2 192 99 – 13 21500 4338 10 49088 200 529 15351 228 1440 92990 30156 502 860 1203 32721 37100 62200 56100 1520 340 33 300 – – – 150 1582 159326 404762 155926 248836 5101 86725 128794 3108 351 132253 4559 380 – 679 5618 2364 908 40600 3020 1647 12100 1371 281 107922 330 1814 18522 – 20735 211614 – – 174 – 174 39300 52300 4500 4009 10 538 300 2070 126 1239 – 2125 106517 456176 222603 233573 51047 141309 Total Share of total R/P ratio 237295 27.04 69.77 54.74 34.Coal Proved reserves at end 2010 Million tonnes Anthracite and bituminous US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S.50 US Central Appalachian coal spot price index‡ 31.58 37.4% 1660 0.2 SO 2 coal.79 147. & Cent. fob.1% 40699 4.1% 2343 0.72 27.74 51.67 70.0% 60600 0.76 31.0% 56148 6.33 42.8% 8. World Energy Council 2010.1% 12508 1.52 64.3% 1100 0.3% 33873 3.

& Cent.Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years History 2010 by region 300 700 World North America S.3 6. Europe & Eurasia holds the largest regional coal reserves and has the highest regional R/P ratio. & Cent.8 2.1 30. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East & Africa Asia Pacific 0 100 90 95 00 05 10 0 World proved reserves of coal in 2010 were sufficient to meet 118 years of global production – by far the largest R/P ratio of any fossil fuel.2 35. 2000 and 2010 Percentage Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific North America Middle East & Africa S. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East & Africa Asia Pacific 250 600 500 200 400 150 300 100 200 50 North America S. Distribution of proved reserves in 1990.7 27. 31 .9 29.4 41.8 6.4 28.4 22.5 35.9 Source: Survey of Energy Resources. World Energy Council. America 3.8 1. but well below the 2000 R/P ratio of 210 years. & Cent.5 26.4 2010 Total 860938 million tonnes 2000 Total 984211 million tonnes 1990 Total 981780 million tonnes 1.

9 56.8 177.4 580.8 18.4 144.5 14.1 1.5 1.0 19.9% 2.3% 3.8 200.5 2.5 1.7 10.9 5.2% 1.8 2.4 189.5 5.7 5.6 24.4 33.7 3.7 22.1% ◆ 0.7 2.2 220.5 0. Note: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.2 1.2% 0.7 81.5 19.6 1461.5 1.4 5.4 438.5% 5.6 14.4 4.8 124.1% ◆ -7.9 42.5 39.8 43.9 40.2 23.5 133.4 41.6 1281.2% 5.4% 0.5% ◆ – -1.0% 48.7% 4.8 137.2 29.4 70.4 70.9 1013.5 53.6 2.8 3.4 1.7 8.0 15.7 33. 32 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 552.5% ◆ – 1.4 25.0 34.0 12.6 197.Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S.2 1.3 10.3% 15.3 205.0 142.3 2.0 23.9 4.2% 0.0 127.5% 0.2 34.9 2. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal).2 55.9 0.4 3.1 48.9 5.0 2.5 47.4% 67.5% -1.2 2.3 16.5 637.4 170.4 1800.2 1.8 1652.3 6.2 1.0 1.0 4.4 188.7% 8.0 244.2 *Commercial solid fuels only.2 2533.6 438.6 5.8 41.2% 4.2 33.3 1678.3% 2.9 10.4 5.3 71.9 0.3% -1.4 6.0 2.8 25.3 1039.8 436.9 1.7% 14.4 23.2 19.4 38.4 3731.2 9.7 4.5 2.6% 0.9 24.0 25.1 8.9% 8.9 184.2 1501.9 138.0 24.7 17.2 2.4 33.1 0.8 1.5 762.5 5.1% 2.5 36.7 1557.9 32.1 3470.7 1819.0 6.5 595.5 994.4 1659.3% 100.0 1.1 1.05.5 1474.1 2.1% 2.1 2352.5 41.5 5.1% -0.8 19.5 42.0 205.05%.5 5.2 53.9 5.1 225.1 3.2 2314.6 2.5 6.6% 1.5 6.5 5.1 33.5 5.3% 3.6 17.1% 9.9 38.8 39.1 180.0 2735.3 127.1 1220.1 181.3 8.1 228.3% -4.1 1.3 5.6 139.0 139.2 1. & Cent.2 15.6 7.0 596.8% 0.3 6.0% 0.0 6. and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.4 116.6 56.7 157.2 15.3 2.7 6.0% 0.7 3.2 43.6 7.1% 11.3 609.6 2200.5 198.1% ◆ -5.5 1.0 140.6 1.4 1021.2 15.7 153.7 9.5 63.5 181.0 1.5 237.7 131.5 132.9% -11.8 217.5 20.1 0.6 1431.1 210.4 5.0 1.1 578.4% 5.8 20.8 157.7 0.5 1174.5 5.2 68.9 4.7 2.5 1.1 55.7 212.5 19.5 † 44.3 424.8 0.7 3.8% 6.3 206.8 4.8 570.7 7.2 3362.1 1965.5 0.3 0.2 11.4 25.5 0.4 611.7 438.3% 9.0% 1.8 4.3 0.0% ◆ -28.6 117.0% 0.2 162.2 2893.4 1.3% 0.7 37.3 2.9 553.4 1.1% 14.5 17.5 8.8 978.3 15.9 56.6 1147.3 2431.4 142.8 2.9 4.9 47.1 6.9 1.2 6.6 5.1 67.3 853.9 540.7 5.2 0.5% -9.8 3511.5 42.3 2090.4 1. ◆Less than 0.4 1.3 5.5 1.1 9.7 2.1% 1.1 0.3 21.5 8.7 23.1 34.9% 8.0 1012.1% 4.4 1036.0 143.5 634.8% ◆ – ◆ – 1.3 1.4 996.9 51.8 4.8 3.9 144.4 33.2% 1.1 2.7 252.1 155.7 0.5 156.8 18.8% 1.2 1.9 5.3 452.2 809.6 3237.3 54.7 444.1 141. †Less than 0.8 1.3 6.5 0.2 5.7 6.4 0.3 0.6 2.6 1.4 12.9 0.9% 6.3 45.7 1003.3 210.4 38.7 2.8 138.4 1.8% 26.3 11.9 0.0 62.2 13.3 4.8 1302.9 25.2 2.1 0.3 17.8 10.2% 6.2 1.0 14.0 13.2 50.3% 8.3 15.4% 16.8 4.8 21.2 43.1 207.3 24.4 54.1 195.5 52.1% 0.8 126.3% 0.1 167.1 49.4 7.9 16.2 130.3 632.4 55.9 0.2 140.8 4.3 0.8 198.1 2.0% -6.1 23.3 7.2 618.1 188.4 1.4 8.8 2.bp.3 56.0 16.4 38.1 47.9 141.2 51.1 0.7 610.4 10.6 0.8 1.5 0.2 130.5% -0.1 6.6% 1.9 422.6 1.1 6.0% 1.4 239.2 47.4 216.1 93.4 24.0% 73.1 5.6 4.5 145. & Cent.3 2180.6 0.0 629.2 42.7 9.6 1.1 22.2% ◆ -17.1 2.1 5.3 1406.2 202.4 3064.2 5.6 19.5 2666.7 126.6 5.5% 1.9 5.2 1358.2 4.6 50.7 36.0 44.3 5.2% 0.1 1036.0 428.1 122.0 133.7 1.3 46.8 137.0 1881.1 28.8% 19.5 591.0 141.1 0.e.6 2325.0 2.6 3.9 1. America Bulgaria Czech Republic France Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 570.6 14.8 219.7 0.4% 5.6 589.2% 4.8 0.3 53.7 8.8% 0.7 3.0 2043.4 1.7 446.6 31.7 1.1 987.6 0.0 50.0% 2.5% .5 1.7 233.8 143.8 144.8 71.0 1.6 1.3 1.6 166.8 32.8 1.4 590.5 23.6 2.4 2010 share of total 2.2 0.0 587.7 148.0 17.0 9.0 6.5 3.9 1027.9 235.4% 2.3 1.5 54.8 60.8 2458.7% 0.8 148.9 4.4 44.8 1.4 † 43. i.4 2509.2 119.0 2477.com/statisticalreview.7 0.2 41.1 36.0 24.6 0.4 14.8 572.3 36.7 35.0 195.3% 0.5% 0.1 430.2 0.0 0.7 11.1% -2.4 0.0 8.9 1.5 56. America Total S.7 71.6 147.1 11.8% 7.4 0.8 2.7 134.5 137.5 71.

2 0.1 5.5 7.5 6.1 16.5 0.0 0.4 3. ◆Less than 0.1 2399.1 19.7% 69.3 7.4 1.0% – – 4.0 3.0 – – – – – 9.0 27.4 1908.9 1179.1 6.2 73.9 314.5 0.9% 0.3 737.2 3.8% 2.8% 1.1 7.8% 7.6 6.4 1556.5 2.8 4.6 3164.0 2.7 1130.0 3.1 18.9 – – – – – 9.1 31.2 4.5 7.6% 100.3% 6.2 22.4 84.1% 4. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal).9 0.5 4.0 4.4 13.7 3.1 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 524.5 54.6 108.9% ◆ -3.6 39.2 5.7 7.2% 2.4 15.9 7.1 2.8 13.6 2452.8 – 39.1% 3.3 3.2 20.2% 6.0 18.4 5.1 28.2% 4.1 1.7 98.9 6.1 7.1 128.0 528.4 81.3 0.6 1254.1 † 0.6 1.1 119.8 1.4 25.0 31.7 144.5 0.6 0.1 31.2% 1.1 21.1% 67.4% 0.2% – – – – – – – – – – 0.7 11.3 2.2 0.5% 3.1 94.2 0.0 22.8 40.7 1.6 4.8 85.8 17.6% -24.9 1157.6 34.7 3.4 3.5 – – 1.1 6.8 2.2 8.3% 0.7 – 0.2 2.6 250.2 – – – – – 7.1 13.8 1.8% 4.4 8.4 556.7 2412.4 4.8 0.7 6.8 0.7 534.5 – † 2.0 3.6 4.1 7.9 1.5 2.2 13.5 18.3 1.0 4.8% 0.8 2.8 2.1% 0.1 2858.1 53.6 2.2 120.4% 13.2% ◆ 6.6% ◆ – 6.2 – 0.5 55.1 7.9 80.7 19. & Cent.1 9.4 74.7 9.1% 13.1 2.5% 0.4 13.7 1.2 24.1 0.7 5.0 19.5 8.3 12.7 5.1 40.2 9.9 3.9 2476.2 294.0% ◆ 19.0% 1.3 13.2 606.05.9 599.4 123.0 29.5 1179.4 2.0 20.7 52.0 3.2 2105.3 85.6 1049.0 6.3% -2.1 0.9 0.4 – † 1.3 † 0.9% 0.2 102.2 11.9 6.5 1.8 24.5 1.2% ◆ 32.9 2.1 23.1 0.0 31.0% *Commercial solid fuels only.0 513. and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.6 1.5 14.5% -16.2 12.6 528.1 2.9 † † 5.6 12.1 19.7 – 76.5 0.0 603.1% -6.3 16.1 6.8 517.7 1761.2% 5.9 20.8 – – – – – 9.9 3.6 1.5 4.9 2384.6 12.7 1.1 7.0 166.4% 0.0 40.3 51.5 96.5 57.4 177.1 0.7 6.2 0.4 – † 2.2 466.7 3.1 – 37.8 7.1 8.1% 2.0 1.3 1.7 2098.4 – 0.0 3.5 11.1 552.7 – 49.0% 3.7 7.4 58.2 0.8 103.7 8.6 1.7% -2.5 17.1 614.4 794.7 38.0 18.4% 0.2 2.7 8.7% 3.4 4.0% 10.4 – 0.7 9.5 21.8 2.7 0.9 2.7 57.5 37.1% ◆ 3.05%.9 4.2 2.4 11.2 92.3 6.7 317.9 1.1 7.1 167.2 1.4 3.1 10.7 0.4 151.6 3.1 20.6 9.1% 2.1 7.0 5.9 7.3 8.4 4.7 – 54.3 10. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 569.5 1687.0 9.3 2.8 – 0.6 – – – – – 8.4 3341.8 104.7 1345.5 – 45.9 161.3 8.0 3.6 6.7 9.7 169.0 – 66.8 7.3 35.8 36.0% 5.6 8.7 8.2 310.4 1.0 0.8 6.1 21.0 0.7 34.8 593.0 562.6 0.3 7.0 22.2 4.4 1438.5 – 54.8% 0.8 1103.6 1.4 8.5 0.8 18.2 84.7 1.9 46.1 1.9 1.2 1.3% 15.3 75.1 614.3 0.6% 0.3 – 43.2 – – – – – 8.1 8.1% -21.6 6.6 604.4 – 36.9 – 59.1 32.7 5.3 † 0.6 55.4 161.1 36.0 3.3 1.4% 4.6 23.1% 1.5 2170.9 20.9 0.1 1.0 195.7 7.1 29.4 525.2 † † 4.1% 4.6 7.2 7.0 19.2% 0.e.7 5.7 18.3 9.0 19.2 7.5 3.8 38.8 – 39.0 49.6 17.6 3012.1 22.2 19.4% -14.8 8.9 71.1 3.3 21.6 1.7 22.8% ◆ -23.1 31.9 1.5 – † 2.4 0.6 12.5 1713.8 – 0.7% 2. 33 .4 6.3 0.6 58.7 – 0.0 21.3 85.4 1218.1 54.9 7.8 14.6 2.6 1.3 2.4 5.7% -16.5 94.2 0.7 88.8 1984.4 9.1 2.9 7.2 0.1 6.1 8.5 0.1 21.1 83.9 21.0 12.4 1515.9 1287.4 57.5 1343.3% 0.3 6.6 7.6 591.4 90.5 13.8 7.2 1.5 2.5 2.6 1200.0 2.6 0.4 1084.8 0.4 16.3 2.0 17.9 13.7 1171.1 76.3% 0.9% 0.6 91.2 2.2 9.1 1.1% – – ◆ 6.0 0.9 1. America Total S.2 0.1 26.9 1.3 0.1 6.7% 1.2 93.1 259.4 51.2 4.8 39.4 9.8 7.7 – 51.1% 1.6 57.2 1603.9 12.9 7.3 18.6 20.5 3.4 7.5 – † 2.2% -1.9 3.0% 6.8 13.0 – 0.0 – 39.4 8.6 574.0% ◆ 0.6 87.8 0.3 82.1 7.2 34.2 269.8 20.3 2.7 3.9 2.8 5.6 1.2 – 38.5 1.1 6.1 0.3 35.6 5.3 25.3 0.9 319.3% 0.1 7.2 4.8 12.1 552.1% 15.9 – – – – – 8.7 4.2 4.8 13.0 0.3 82.8 2.2 1.3 4.1 6. †Less than 0.0 0.1 † 0.8% 0.4 3.2 31.4 1170.0 – – – – – 9.5 – † 0. i.4 30.5 17.8 1.1 6.1% ◆ 5.2 20.1 0.1 2.4 – † 0.3 2.0 3.6% -0.0 23.9 21.7% 14.8 573.7 3.0 4.7 1133.1% 23.3 12.0% 0.6% 3.0 2.8 21.2 528.1 8.5 82.0 38.3 7.6 0.5 – † 2.1 0.3 566.1 51.0 3.6 10.5 56.7 486.1 3.6 16.5 210.1% 0.6 1266.6% 0.5 8.7 51.1% 2.0 † † 4.4 564.1% 0.6 94.3 1161.4% 1.4 – † 2.4 7.8% 0.3 92.3 43.2 84.3 0.4 1.7 0.2 4.8 17.8 5.0 0.6 103.1 4.7 166.2% 0.1% 2.1 314.0 – 35.5 20.5% 0.0 28.7 – – – – – 8.9 0.0 6.7 – 0.7 0.4 93.3% 0.6 3.7 – 68.8 14.7% ◆ 1.4 1.8 18.1 36.9 1.7 14.7 2. & Cent.7 0.0 4.0% 7.7 18.8 0.7 92.2 8.1 19.9 2677.2 30.9% 1.1 32.6 156.7 1.7% -10.2% – – 10.3 32.2% 23.3% – – ◆ -1.1% 7.8 – 0.8 5.1 34.4 30.3% 2.1 2010 share of total 5.6 5.0 0.8% 13.2 3.2 4.3 2.5 1190.5 2256.2% 0.2 9.4 12.4 606.5 33.2 0.5 2.1% ◆ -37.4 7.8 19.7 2.7% 7.8% 5.2 3.6 48.1 35.3 6.2 16.5% -4.3 – 40.8 2.2 23.4 100.1 † 0.9% 1.1% ◆ -7.2 496.5 – † 1.7 95.0 230.2% 10.1 15.7 0.3 15.5 4.4 38.4% 13.9 1.1 565.9 145.5 10.7 4.2 8.3 3.5% 3.4 121.1 21.8 518.0 4.3 170.7 36.0 0.0% 0.7 3.6 38.7 3.2 0.4 16.1 85.9 169.1 13.1 18.5 1.6 1479.7 184.1 7.4 6.7 6.2 112.9 84.6% 0.0 2037.1 1.4 1.6 518.1 21.0 21.4 99.2 12.8 – 39.3% 3.3 7.3 3305.4 751.0 2.2 8.2 15.9 – – – – – 9.4 16.7 166.1% 24.4 316.2 28.4 1.0 93.0 9.1 0.7 3555.0 106.7 166.7 1833.9 0.7 15.6 4.0 0.8 0.0% 0.8 12.Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.3 22.2% ◆ 6.7 15.7 0.4 936.0 – 53.8 5.6 5.6 1.1 28.7 41.0 3.9 1419.7 30.7 0.7 31.0 3.0 8.6 2.2% 1.9 1.5 2.7 † † 4.5 3.8 0.1 2.8 3.8 1.6 172.2 1.3 277.5 3305.3 82.9 4.6 1.8 3.3 6.4 31.0% 0.5 7.1 8.2 5.8 527.2% 31.0 3.9 0.9% 0.4 – 0.6 2.1 1.2 4.3 37.8 4.0 – 39.2 85.9 9.1% 48.2 7.3% 1.3 14.4 6.7 – – – – – 8.1% ◆ 5.0 † 0.0% 0.2 7.0% 5.6 6.5 315.1 23.9 19.1 26.5 56.7 6.1 25.8 4.1 11.6% 0.9 1.9 324.2 85.6 12.7 3.5 – 38.1 5.2% -16.1 7.2 2.5 3.0 105.3 87.2 9.4 1124.0% 8.8% 5.9 5.7 – 0.5% 9.8 125.4% -2.1 2185.1% 0.1% 0.

Consumption growth was above average in all regions except the Middle East and Africa.25 0. with Asia Pacific countries accounting for 79.0 1. Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes oil equivalent 0-0.Production by region Consumption by region Million tonnes oil equivalent Million tonnes oil equivalent 4000 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S.6% of global growth.5-1. America North America 3500 3000 3000 2500 2500 2000 2000 1500 1500 1000 1000 500 500 10 0 85 90 95 00 05 10 World coal production grew by 6.0-1. & Cent. The Asia Pacific region accounted for 88.5 > 1.3% in 2010.5 0. & Cent.7% of the increase. above the historical average.5 34 0 .25-0.6% in 2010. Global coal consumption grew by 7. America North America 85 90 3500 95 00 05 4000 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. led by a 9% increase in China – the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal.

7 36.3 6.2 614.5 – – – 3.5 212.3 507.7% 20.5 0.0 – 66.9 – – – 117.4 – 71.1 56.3 3.2 212.7 31.3 – – – – – – – – – – 2.3 – – 0.9 2.1 – – – – – – – – – – 3.0 1.0 – 5.4 0.2 9.8% 9.3 33.5 – – 25.2 37.2 29.9 – 3.2% 20.9 – – – 1.0 – – 0.0 – – – 114.4 – – – 10.1% – – – – – – – – – 0.5% 0.6 2.6 4.0% 272.2% 13.6 51.3 3.0 13.6% – – – – – – – – – – -100.0 8. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 179.9 – 5.0 192.2 – – – – – – – 4.8 – 65.4 537.7 – – 15.7 635.9 – – – 2.4% 34.7 4.0 92.3 32.2 185.1 – – 0.2 5.9 -6.4 20.4 – – 34.4 – – – 128.4 36.3 11.9 4.2 – – 18.5 4.3 226.5 102.6 60.9 – – 12.9 – – 5.8 600.0 15.5% 33.8 2.4 – 3.bp.7 18.3 – – – 2.0% 30.0 190.7 619.4 99.4% 2.4% 15.9 2.8 86.2% 38.9 4.3% 3.2 -2.9 287.2 205.7 97.9 – 3.0 – – – 2.1 17.4 – 2.9 213.1 1.0 187.0 – – – 1.4 1.Nuclear energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.1 – – – – – – – – – – 2.6 4.9 – 1.9 – 5.1 13.2 – – – – – – – 3.5 102.1 4.1 – 5.7% 16.0 625.4  5.2% 1.3 – 1.5 – – – – – – – – – – 2.4 1.8 – – – 10.5 6.3 15.3 584.8 – 3.1 37.1 – – 19.1% 6.0 38.6 99.2 – 5.9 – – – 119.1 – 4. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.9 – – – 1.7 – – – 113.8 15.0 3.0 102.1 – – – – – – – 4.6 -2.1% 0.4 181.4 16.0 – – – 2.6 224.3 9.2 2.1% 1.4 1.4 – 1.4 92.0 – – – 128.8 1.6 8.7 94.0 – 4.7 2.0 – – 9.3 14.3 5.2 – – 18.4 3.6 16.9 11.7 19.9 49.0 – – 0.2 11.6 -1.2 0.5 58.2% 0.0% 100.0 21.7 5.7 9.8 – – – 10.7 – – – 10.8 – 4.9 16.1 – – 0.2 – – – – – – – – – – 3.7% 16.6 – – 33.0 14.9 285.8 – 64. ◆Less than 0.3% – – – 66.0 2.7 37.5% 0.8 -1.3 – 1.2 – – – 1.7 – – – – – – – – – – 2.3 – – 0.8 2.0 511.6 285.2% 1.5% 31.4 – 3.3% 3.3 1.2% 5.2 20.4 – – – – – – – 2.5% 59.8 37.7 37.3 – 72.7 4.7 – 4.4 4.4 – – 27. Note: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.6 6.9 14.5 101.3 35.8 20.1% 13.1 -1.6 -11.4 17.9 14.7 – – 0.2 1.2 – 5.4 192.8% 0.6 2. 35 .2 31.4 187.8 – – – 104.2 – – – 119.2 3.9% 0.6 – – 32.9 265.4 6.5% 2.2 – – 20.8 – – – – – – – 4.7 519.6 – 2.9 – 2.8 – 2.2 517.1 – – – – – – – 4.5 53.8 4.6 – – – – – – – 4.5 58.4 76.3 – – 0.2% 1.6 2.1 13.1 – – 15.8% 2.9 – 2.2% 105.5 36.5 94.6 598.8 – – – 10.1 21.0 2.0 – – 0.5 – 3.9 0.4 0.4 9.3 56.1% – – – 0.7 3.05%.2 95.0 – – 17.8 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 192.0 2.2 – – – – – – – – – – 2.9% 1.3 2.4 201.2 1.5% 3.1 – 3.9 6.1 – – – 2.3 0.9 16.4 17.5 19.5 0.2 32.7% 10.4 98.0 – 4.9 197.1% – – – 3.3 – 5.8 2.5 – 3.2 530.5 4.2% 213.3 12.7 610.9 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – 12.0% – 0.8% 207.0% 6.2 – – – 3.5% – – – – – – – – – 131.2% 14.0 1.4 1.0% 0.3 2.6 – – 33.6 15.8 0.1 – 1.9 – – – 1.8 2.4 209.8 – 3.1 18.4 6.6 226.0 0.0 3.0 221.3 622.8% 5.8 – 3.3% 9.5 2.6 – – 33.9 – 2.3 20.4 – – – 2.1 522.4 186.7 3.3 38.6% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.3 8.1 – – 17.4 1.7 4.5 12.2 6.3 *Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply.9 – 5.0 – – – – – – – 4.9% 43.3% 1.8 4. & Cent.1 212.8 13.5 – – 29.7 – – – 10.9 276.5 15.6 – 72.0% 626.1 – 1.7 3.4 183.1 – 52.2 – – 20.2 626.6 – 5.6% – – – – – – 0.0% 520.8 30.9 3.6 33.9 3.0 6.0 – 5.2 1.4 4.1 – 1.8 37.7 14.6 3.2 56.0 – – – 125.8% 96.4 – – – 10.4 215.5 267.0 276.5 – 1.5% 2.8 524.5 – – – 2.0 – 63.9 – – – 1.2 0.6 229.4 5.5 3.9 – 3.7 – 3.5 99.1 -10.7 8.9 1.1 – 3.5% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4.1 94.4 – – 29.8 532.6% 6.1 3.7 – 2.0 202.1 2.5% – – – – – – 2.9 14.6 4.4 102.2 2. & Cent.9 – – – 1.6 3.1% 0.1% 0.3 2.2 – – – 123.2 215.8 – 2.0 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 -1.2 11.3 – – 20.5 22.3 6.8 – – – 10.3 6.7% 3.7 3.1% 0.0 16.7 – – – 3.7 81.8 280.8 – – – – – – – – – – 2.0% – – – – – – ◆ 33.3% – – – 0.9 – – – 1.0 -3.7% 21.5 202.1 210.6 – – 4.1% 0.0 224.4 – – 11.0 – 69.2 9.8 – – – 1.2 2.0 100.4 212.7 – 2.0% 0.5% – – – 3.3 20.3 – 3.4 5.3 0.1 60.9 1.0% 1.5 5. America Total S.8 17.com/statisticalreview.6 – 1.4 – – – 10.8% 83.6 276.3 3.5 1.2 – – – – – – – 4.2 7.2 6.3 -44.1 – – 3.8 – – 14.1 33.1 14.4 – 57.4 – 3.4 – – – – – – – – – – 3.2 – – 24.7 – – 0.8% – – – – – – – – – 10.8 288.0 – 3.6 2.4 – 4.4 6.0 – – 17.4 8.2 1.5% – – – – – – 3.6 0.8 – – – 10.0% – – – 5.2 – – – 2.5 506.8% 0.3 – – 20.

9 658.2 † 0.4 13.9% 3.7 0.6 0.6 19.2 8.2 0.8 9.1 0.6 17.1 1.7 1.9 13.0 1.2 -24.1 9.7% 60.4 3.3% 9.3 12.1 6.5 4.8 4.6 17.0 1.8 152.05.6% 4.9 † 0.1 6.3% 19.8 – – – – – 1.8 2.2 † 29.2 65.6 5.5 83.9 † 3.8% 4.5% 2.3 2.0 6.3 152.2 81.5 0.2 – 15.2 † 24.4 17.7 0.1 1.8 72.0% 0.0 2.6 5.7 – – – – – 0.2% 2.3% 5.6% – – – 17.0 5.2 – 0.7 0.4 83.6 – 0.3 17.1 -39.5 4.3 176.0 2.7 0.8% 7.6 4.7 7.9 – 1. America Total S.4% 0.2 2.3 2.6 55.2 3.7 0.9 72.1 8.9 130.2 8.0 80.8 684.4 2.6 0.1 4.8 32.4 2.1 1.8 0.8 3.2 1.6 1.5% 4.7 0.3 17.8 1.6 1.0 2.9% 246.9 20.2% ◆ 0.9 † 0.3 179.6 0.1 1.9 74.7 2.6 40.4 1.1 3.7 2.2 16.1 49.5 1.4 0.3 0.2 1.3 15.5 0.5 – 2.9 1.9 0.3 7.6 6.com/statisticalreview.5 0.6 9.9 – – – – – 1.6 0.3 0.9 1.8 2.0 5.1 0.4 58.6% 1.7% 6.8 596.0 1.4 2.3 † 0.1 † 32.5 296.8% 10.3 7.5 19.1% 83.4% 0.1 21.6 27.2 5.9 – 0.2 16.9 1.3 18.9 6.4 56.1 – 17.3 3.7 7.7 0.9 287.4 6.0% 2.6 – 2.3 18.1 1.6 3.7 40.7 16.6 5.0 14.1 0.6 † 0.2% 20.1 62.5 68.7 4.7% 157.5 153.1 4.2 † 27.8 – 0.9 8.0 1.0 – 13.7 2.7 0.3% 0.0 4.3 15.4 18.9% 0.9 76.2 88.1 3.6 0.4% 4.3 5.2 2.0 1.1 56. 36 .5 5.5 2.1% 1.2 -0.5 13.5 1.6 184.5% 23.6% 0.7 4.1 64.9 10.0 1.1% 2.6 295.9 0.7% ◆ 0.8% 0.3 4.6 1.1 0.8 308.5 17.0% 0.0 – 19.4 1.1 8.6 4.1 0.8 † 0.7 † 3.2 4.3 76.1% 10.1% 3.3% 0.1 1.5 6.2 6.3 13.9% 1.0 9.5 18.4% ◆ 0.1 17.4 – 2.3 80.7 0.8 6.6 60.2 15.2 39.0% 309.1 – 2.2 9.0 2.2 5.2 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 58.1 5.9 37.6 7.6 6.6 4.8 0.3% 0.6 83.3 † 0.4 1.8 218.6 4.1 8.1 3.0 76.8 0.9 16.7% 8.3 17.2 14.3 3.4 19.8 4.2% 3.0 – 2.4 – 18.5% 7.9% 195.1 7.8 8.8 0.2 11.5 † 0.0 0.1% 11.5 6.2 5.9% 0.9 0.7 29.2 9.5 151.7% 19.0 736.9 7.2 4.0 0.5 † 3.0 0.9 26.6 † 0.1% 0.5% 3.1 2.5 17.0 8.9 1.4 – 2.4 4.1 1.6 0.8 17.2 7.4% ◆ 0.0 6.2 – 13.05%.7 – – – – – 1.5% 0.1% ◆ † – ◆ 0.8 52.2 – 15.8 1.8 † 0.2% 3.2 47.0 5.7 3.9 – – – – – 1.3 302.5% 2.5 0.4 † 2.0 56.2 6.1 4.5 1.4% 0.0% 31.2 293.3 0.4% 3.1 8.3 292.7 301.7 1.5% – – – 2.3 595.9 8.7 -7.1% 0.3 † 28.3 132.bp.4 310.8 – 16.7 – 14.6 4.5 – 19.5 -5.2 85.3% 2.2% 0.4 585.4 – 18.7 5.3 6.0 5.5 -1.6 85.5 1.1 0.9 0.5 84.9 1.8 – 27.6 1.1 – 13.9 1.2 – 0.0 7.3 6.5 55.7 † 2.4 131.0 2.9 6.8 7.5% 0.3 0.7 340.6 1.7 8.2 696.0 -6.5 0.4 -10.8 † 3.9% 466.9 1. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 63.6 423.1 1.6 † 0. & Cent.5 18.6 0.9 8.4% 0.0 3.1 3.4 0.2 4.3 2.5% 3.7 51.3 4.8 14.1 1.0 – – – – – 1.3% 0.1 4.9 0.6 145.2 5.3 8.4 52.9% 1.8 0.2 4.0 35.8 132.6 0.5 14.3% 100.7 143.5 † 0.3% 11.2 – 0.8 82.3 3.3% 0.8% 1.8 0.9% 1.6 19.6 0.9 1.3 16.2% 1.5 4.3 5.7 0.6 † 3.7 0.5 † 0.6 † 0.2 13.2 157.9 -1.4% 0.2 10.0 3.6 18.9% ◆ † 7.4% 19.6 39.8 1.9 6.2% 89.9 -0.6 0.7 2.8 -3.Hydroelectricity Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.0% 0.0% – – – 25.6 0.8 0.6 18.2 † 24.7% 55.7 54.3% 22.9% 0.2 † 27.7 176.8 -20.2 10.1 8.6 9.0 – 2.9 724.7 17.6 1.3 6.0% 0.5 292.2 1.9 9.3 139.3 17.2% 0.1 0.1 0.1 11.2 15.1% 0.2 18.1 1.3 0.5 3.7% 2.0 0.0% 8.0% 0.6 39.7 1.1 0.7 † 0.1 4.1 1.6% 82.3 – 24.3 59.9 2.1 -1.2 62.4 69.6 0.0 16.9 4.4 13.9 9.8 19.1 1.0 7.7 1.3 64.2 5.5 70.0 7.5 2.3 4.1 13.2 0.7 4.8% 0.2% 2.7 44.3 98.3 109.1 4.1 54.2 1.5 – – – – – 0.2 7.9 1.1% 11.9 2.2 7.4 299.2 363.0 1.9 1.7 4.6 5.1 5.8% 1.1 80.1 6.3 – 19.7 0.1% 26.2 † 0.6 7.2% *Based on gross primary hydroelectric generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply.9 1.0 1.3 89.9 -0.5 5.2 1.6% 1.3 38.3 37.2 150.5 1.2 0.8 0.8 18.6 18.0 3.2 † 30.6 † 2.2 † 30.9 4.6 6.0% 1.4 60.2 – – – – – 1.7 4.8 0.4% 14.3% 2.3 † 0.6 1.4 0.2% 15.1 1.6 – 0.3 0.2 0.8 78.4 436.3 180.5 † 0.6 9.8% 775.0 40.4 2.9 3.9 22.1 288.0 – 15.7 169.2 50.3 9.5 4.0 63.0 0.5 1.2 0.7 1.6 10.4% 1.0% 3.6 0.8% 0.7 3.3 8.6 0.4 17.2% 0.3 3.0 19.1 9.8 5.4 192.1 1.9 0. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.5 2.9 153.0 – 2.0 180.1 0.3 4.6 5.4% 39.7 73.1 73.2 18.0 1.1 – 2.7% 1.4 4.8 -32.9 0.1% 0.4% ◆ † -49.2 5.8 – 22.2 † 31.3 61.7 2.1 21.3 2.0 8. & Cent.7 7.8 212.2 9.4 1.8 9.6 17.3 8.5% 2.1 2.1 0.5 7.1 0.2 9.5 21.1 0.4 13.9 2.2% – – – 0.3% 7.3 1.2 16.6 † 3.1% 149.6 4.1 3.6 37.4 7.1 127.0 1.2 10.6 3.5% 0.7 599.0 8.2 0.7 3.2 0.1 70.1 2.4 8.9 – 0.2% ◆ † -34.1% 21.1 2.4 79.7 4.3% 1.6 5.3 2.6% 9.1 146. †Less than 0.1 7.1 2.1 0.4 153.9 5.1 17.2 0.0 6.1 289.9 1.4 3.1 21.8 0.9 0.4 1.1 2.1 182.0 0.2 0.9 † 3.9 13.9 116.4 1.9 189.2% 6.8 – 1.4 134.2 2.4 39.2 1.3% 4.9 117.7 2.3 12.6 1.1 – – – – – 1.6 16.1 0.4% 20.1 7.0 12.0 – 2.3 3.2 – – – – – 1.4% 25.6 1.0 152.3 22.9 163.8 49.4 – 26.9 17.9 -13. Note: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.2% 0.4 188.6 56.0 0.9 7.2 60.9 4.6 19.5 0.6 0.6 12.8 122.0 128.0 3.5 † 0.5 143.8 0.0% 7.0 69.6 6.4 29.6 † 3.1 1.3 61.4 5.3 – 17.2 1.4 10.2 -0.3% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.2 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 9.8 1.2 21.8 -6.3 3.3 1.9 66.6 18.2 17.3 5.1 0.6 4.7 69.7 18.7 0.6 4.6 1.0 404.4 -1.0 5.3 -7.3 124.5 1.3 5.2 20.6 75.7 5.7 17.5 2.1 9.1% ◆ † 10.3 6.7 1.7 1.7% 1.7 633.5 † 3.6% 38.3 299.7 5.2 8.4 † 2.9 0.8 180.1 5.6 0.8 1.6 4.0 7.1 6.4% 0.7 1.5 148.1 0.4 1.2 13.3 140.7% 2.4 385.7% 163.6 1.7 † 2.8 8.1 10.8 14.9 11.9% 1.9 1.3 12.1 8.7 3. ◆Less than 0.8 88.1 2.6 16.6 – 25.6 1.2 9.1 -4.0 10.5% 0.

Asia Pacific.3% of global primary energy consumption.1% of global growth. America North America 7 World Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. Asia Pacific countries accounted for 72.Nuclear energy consumption by region Hydroelectricity consumption by region Million tonnes oil equivalent Million tonnes oil equivalent 700 Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America 800 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent.3%. double the historical average. Renewable forms of energy account for 3. Nearly two-thirds of the growth was in Europe and Eurasia. with the highest share (5.3% of global power generation. Other renewables consumption by region Other renewables share of power generation by region Million tonnes oil equivalent Percentage 180 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. America North America 600 700 600 500 500 400 400 300 300 200 200 100 85 90 95 00 05 10 0 100 85 90 95 00 05 10 0 World nuclear power generation grew by 2% in 2010. America North America 160 140 6 5 120 4 100 80 3 60 2 40 1 20 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 04 06 08 10 0 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 04 06 08 10 0 Renewable energy in power generation grew by 15. & Cent. with France recording the world’s largest incremental growth. 37 . & Cent.5% in 2010 and accounted for 1. and North America. Global hydroelectric output rose by 5. Growth remains concentrated in the leading consuming centres: Europe and Eurasia.8%) in Europe and Eurasia.

1 0.7 0.1 0.5% 3.7 – † 16.6 66.0% 0.0 0.2 3.1 19.2% 0.4% 11.0 – 2.6 – 0.3 – 0.3 100.1 1.6 43.7% 0.8 0.5% 15.2 3.4 0.4% 2.9 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.2 2.5 60.3 † 0.1 † – 1.3 0.5 1.1 0.2 – † 0.9 15.3 – 0.5 – 12.2 – 0.3 39.0 5.5% 0.7% 2.2 0.1% 13.7 105.1 0.1% 14.4 † 1.7% 2.3 1.3 0.3 7.2 0.3% 0.7 0.5 1.3 † 0.2 69.1 † 0.5 † 0.6 1.3 0.4 – † 12.1 0.6 0.6% ◆ 0.2 0.5 1.9 † † – – – – † † – 0.9 † 0.7% 3.2 6.1 † 16.4% – – 13.2 2.8 – 2.1% 0.0 1.4 18.8 – † – – – – † † – † 0.7 40.8 29.3% 0.6 † 0.4 14.1 – † 1.1% – – 38.2 0.8 0.1 20.1 0. America Total S.1 † – – – † † 0.6 † † – – – † † 0.6 – † 14.3 0.6 22.3 – 0.8 – 0.2 0.8 – 2.4 – – 0.6% 0.1 0.2 2.1 0.3 14.1 0.0% 11.1% -2.6% 7.4 – † 1. & Cent.1 2.1 † 5.9 1.2 – 0.5 1.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 – 3.05%.3 0.1 56.3% 6.1 4.8 2.2 0.6 2.6 0.9 † 4.2 0.0 – † – – – – † † – 0.5 1.9 – 1.2 51.3 – † 3.4 † † 1.7 5.3 19.5 1.2% *Based on gross generation from renewable sources including wind.2 0.2 2.05.3 1.6 4.9 6.0 0.8 16.7 137.4 0.5% 0.3 0.3 0.7% 20.4 0.0 1.4 2.6 46.1 – † 2.4 2.2 – 0.5 † 3.8 2.1 0.7 27.2 † 0.1% 13.5% – – ◆ 35.7% 11.5 0.7 2.3 3.7 2.3 † 0.9 0.4% 1.4% 22.3 † 1.1% ◆ 25.8 1.3 0.7 1.1 11.7 – † 0.6 158.1 † – 1.1 † 6.1 0.4 1.6 – 1.1 0.6 – 0.1 † 0.1% 27.3 0.3 0.3 1.1 0.6 74.4 7.3 16.1 5.1 – † 32.7 0.1 † 0.7 9.1 0.6 76.0 1.9% ◆ 5.5% 0.6 – 1.4 5.4 0.6 0.2% ◆ – 14.6 0.6 – † 13.4 0.0 – 2.3 0.1 65.5 0.0 1.3% -4.1 2.1 0.9 0.4 – 0.2 12.1 0.5 0.6% 21.2 0.1 – † 3.1 – † 1.1% 0.2% 32.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 † † † 2.3 1.1 – 2.7 1.7 13.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 – † † – 0.2 2.0% 0.1 1.0 – † 4.0 35.6 1.6 123.9% 204.2 0.4 – † 0.1 1.8 0.1 68.4 – 0.0% ◆ 8.1 1.5 1.3 0.2 0.6% – – ◆ – 4.3% 1.6 34.0 – 1.Renewable energy Other renewables consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.1 0.4 24.8 – 0.1% 16.1 † 0.7 11.9 48.3 – 0.3 0.4 4.7 53.1 9.3 0.9 1.1% 0.2 0.9 1.1 0.1 † – 1.3 – 0.4 60.9 0.6 2.7 23.4 30.3 33.0 0.1 – 0.5 5.3% 26.2 0.8 0.1 † – 1.0 1.4 3.2% 1.2% ◆ 28.4 † 0.0 8.1 † 18.4% 77.0% 0.4% 21.4% -1.8 † 0.4 0.2 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.7 – 1.8 † 3.5% 27.1 18.1 0.4 21.7% 42.1 1.5 0.5 0.3 16.0 – 1.4 † 1.2 1.3 0.1 0.3% 24.6 16.0 2.2 2.3 1.4 – – 0.4 1.3 0.2 0.6 2.6 1.1 0.1 12.1 † 3.3 0.8 34.1 – † 2.8 2.2 † 0.4 0.4 – 0.7% 0.6 † 1.1 0.1 0.6 1.9 1.1% 8.1 1.2 1.1 † 0.8% 26.3 – 2.0 1.1 5.6 – 0.8 0.6 0.4 – 0.1% 1.1 0.6 0.0 † † – – – – † † – 0.9% 7.9 122.6 0.3 0.6% 1.7 2.7 – † 17.3 0.3% 0.4 4.1 0.3 † 0.0% 1.3 3.4 1.8 † 0.3 – † 11.5 0.5 53.6 – 2.2 22.1 – † 1.5 35.4 1.4 0.1 – † 1.3 0.5 0.1% 0.5 0.4 0.2% 3.1 18.9 0. & Cent.5 0.1 3.4 49.9 1.1 2.0% 12.4 5.7 † 0.1 † † – – – – † † – 0.7% 0. and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply.6 2.9 – 1.8 14.6 – – 0.3 16.1 † 4.8 – 2.3 22.0% 11.3 – 0.7% 17.3 0.6 6.3 2.7 † 1.8 – 2.8 38.8 – 2.7% 22.8 0.5 3.0 83.4% -0.1 7.2% 0.3 4.2% 21.2% 88.2 0.3 1.9 0.5 2.6 – 0.7% 2.3 1.2 2.4 9.2 0.4% 0.2 0.4% -4.5% 1.0 0.0% – – 4.4 4.7 0.3 23.1 5.4 20. ◆Less than 0.8 – 0.8% 12.2 † 0.6 1.2% ◆ 2.2 0.0 – 1.2 41.2 0.3 5.6 0.5 2.5 – † 1.4 – – 0.5 61.6 0.5 6.6 0. †Less than 0.6 0.9% 0.5% 7.6 0.1 – † † – 1.1 – † 1.6 2. Note: Other renewables data expressed in terrawatt-hours is available at www.4 2.1 0.1% ◆ 8.1 0.1 † 1.5 2.9 – † 0.0 0.4 2.1 0.4 – † † 2.8 1.2 – 0.6 0.6% 0.7 1.6 8.4 6.3 – 0.4 2.1% 19.2 0.4 11.3 † † – – – – † † – 0.8% 2.2 2.6 0.5 0.3 1.8 – – – – – – † † – † 0.1 † 5.4 109.5 0.4 † † 1. geothermal.1 † † † – 1.0 0.0 1.6 1.0 10.2 54.7% – – ◆ 7.1 – † 2.1% 10.2 – 0.1 – 0.5 – 0.0% 0.3 0.3 2.4% 1.7% 1.1 † – 1.4% 13.3 – † 11.0 0.1 0. solar.3 0.8 92.9 1.0 4.2 – 0. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 17.3% 3.4 0.6 2.1 0.7 0.7 87.2 0.5 – † – – – – † † – † 0.2 29.1 – † † – 1.2 0.3 – 6.8 0.9 – † 0.1 6.7 4.2 24.9 59.3 0. 38 .9 – † 19.6 0.1 0.8 24.3 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 39.5% 1.2 0.2% 1.8 0.2% ◆ 17.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 9.1 – † 26.2 0.1 0. biomass and waste.9 – † 1.3 0.1 0.9 2.7 0.3 – 0.7 – 0.2 – † 0.1 0.1 1.2 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.9% 43.0 0.6% 9.bp.4 2.5 27.4 20.7% ◆ 689.1 1.9 29.8 † 0.1 3.8 – 0.7 3.5 6.2 † 0.4 † 0.6 0.7 0.1 † 0.3 2.8 5.1 10.0 2.7 1.6 3.9 3.1 22.3 0.5% 3.7 0.5 0.9% ◆ -76.1 2.9 6.1 † 0.7 44.3% 0.6 0.9 3.3 4.4 0.com/statisticalreview.8 – 1.4 – † † 1.7% 0.1 0.4 † 2.1 – † † – 1.5 – – 0.0% ◆ – – – – – – – ◆ 118.1 † – 1.1 0.2% – – -3.6 – † 0.1 0.2 2.5 – † 4.5% 0.9 – 1.1 – 0.5% 12.6% 5.0 0.3 3. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.3 0.0 0.1 † 0.1 5.8% 7.7 – 2.3 2010 share of total 16.6% ◆ – 9.7% 16.4 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 2.7 2.2 – † 3.2 0.4% 21.4 0.2 0.4 – 0.1% – – -21.5% 100.3 1.4 – 0.1 – † 22.9% – – 74.4% 0.5 – 0.6 † 0.3 2.7 0.5% 1.7 1.8 0.8 – † 1.

3% 97 -61.4% 180 – 0.6% 913 41.7% 44.5% 647 4.7% 26355 17. Licht.3% 0.9% 0.8% 18264 14.7% 22131 13. America Total S.8% in 2010.1% 1. Growth was driven by North America (+17.1% 283 17.5% 1687 60.5% of global primary energy consumption. Ethanol accounts for nearly three-quarters of global biofuels production.8% 0.8% 3275 5.5% 26. Note: Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is included in oil consumption. World biofuels production Million tonnes oil equivalent 60 Rest of World Europe & Eurasia S.5% 338 -14.6% 11354 7.6% 196 – 0.0% 3.6% 0.2% 30. America North America 00 02 04 06 08 10 Ethanol 2000 Ethanol 2010 Biodiesel 2000 Biodiesel 2010 30 40 20 20 10 0 North America S.7% 0.2%). 39 .0% 0.8% 15573 11.6% 275 36. & Cent.4% 151 84. & Cent.1% 448 26.5% 59261 13.5% 1179 23.8% 100.Biofuels production Thousand tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Jamaica Other S.0% 0.7%) and South and Central America (+14.9% 670 -11.8% 17.0% 2. US Energy Information Administration.5% 0.8% 0.5% 1.1% 19. Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2010 share of total 25351 17.3% 351 7.4% 4. biofuels accounted for 0. and is dominant in North America and South and Central America. America Austria Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands Poland Portugal Spain Sweden United Kindgom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Malaysia South Korea Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2991 105 3096 4 5212 – – 31 5248 18 – 315 215 70 – – – 70 – – 57 744 – 6 – – 82 – – – – 82 9176 3841 5336 744 – 3288 111 3399 9 5600 – – 30 5639 18 – 315 298 123 – – – 70 14 – 113 951 – 6 – 4 85 – – – – 89 10084 4350 5734 951 – 3987 113 4100 9 6149 – 54 69 6281 22 – 337 473 180 – – – 134 31 3 126 1305 – 6 – 146 91 – 1 – – 238 11930 5406 6523 1305 – 5226 113 5339 9 7068 – 74 78 7228 26 – 368 688 232 – 27 – 184 32 9 138 1704 – 6 – 396 94 – 2 – – 491 14767 7045 7723 1704 – 6357 113 6470 9 7135 – 56 93 7292 48 – 385 909 272 6 23 – 221 43 9 166 2081 – 6 4 492 99 – 4 3 – 603 16452 8549 7903 2073 11 7478 133 7612 9 7835 14 62 171 8091 70 1 439 1788 340 3 84 1 288 48 39 301 3401 – 6 20 622 114 – 9 52 18 833 19944 11013 8930 3378 22 9746 160 9906 29 8729 131 147 369 9405 105 21 798 2561 482 22 158 79 248 54 166 406 5103 – 6 54 858 134 48 39 80 109 1323 25743 15054 10688 5052 28 13456 461 13922 228 11323 141 138 472 12302 220 140 1121 3181 443 80 116 153 320 99 136 536 6546 – 6 70 1076 92 110 74 138 176 1736 34512 20494 14018 6469 49 19096 536 19637 632 14132 239 182 741 15927 263 278 2012 2727 617 77 279 136 356 118 196 1031 8091 – 10 110 1323 148 197 140 495 215 2628 46294 27728 18566 7944 129 21670 721 22399 1054 13962 326 196 457 15994 354 473 2312 2728 758 241 393 202 958 173 180 1825 10597 – 14 174 1399 82 250 217 618 353 3094 52098 32569 19528 9970 645 ◆Less than 0.3% 0.8% 2312 – 3.1% 2.8% 383 8.6% 454 -4.9% 2930 7.O.6% 1.5% 1.2% – – – ◆ 14 – 246 41.2% 0. these two regions accounted for three-quarters of global biofuels production.3% 2135 17. biodiesel is dominant in Europe and Eurasia.5% Source: Includes data from F.05%.0% 212 22.0% 37130 14. America Europe & Eurasia Rest of World 0 World biofuels production grew by 13.0% 42.3% 457 – 0.8% 0.2% 287 31.3% 37.4% 1399 – 2.8% 996 38.0% 62.3% 10447 4. & Cent. & Cent.9% 5.

4 14.9 17.7 54.0 25.3 323.1 259.4 89.9 74.5 38.7 168.7% 2.1 140.0% 2.9 52.9 971.8 69.1 153.4 79. 40 2008 2009 Change 2010 over 2010 2009 2302.2 144.5 65.2 171.2 129.7 19.5 19.2 12002.5 316.9% 11.7 46.1% -5.5 3570.9 15.5 65.1% -0.9% 1.5 18.8 98.8 23.0 109.3 21.8 77.6 261.7 2698.5 25.7 312.4 25.7 1038.6 134.7 13.7 135.6 13.7 91.2 326.1 25.8 25.5 34.9 2187.5 18.2 7.9 20.6% 1.1 24.2 25.1 95.5 212.3% -6.2 1814.8 46.9 317.4 34.8 40.1 37.4 118.0 28.7 176.1% 0.9 70.0 29.4 43.4% 3.4 334.2 9382.6 62.6 42.3 123.9 44.7% 3.4% 2.0 23.2 98.9 203.5 649.3 185.1 76.3 22.1% 2.5 514.8 22.0 11.4% -5.2 21.6 27.6 48.8 307.4 43.2 124.2 94.2 528.6 18.8 278.4% 3.4 14.0 100.4 318.5 90.4 297.9 168.7 19.0 129.1 18.6 34.3 112.1 137.7 8.6 49.4 12.6 29.5 300.5 19.2 125.8 2351.7 124.8% 0.0 159.5 27. Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes.7 47.2% 6.7% 0.2 167.9% 0.8% 1.3 72.2 27.4 188.0 135.5 11.9% 5.5 115.3 29.0 33.3 2348.2% 0.6 187.0 2683.4 63.6 64.1 17.6 116.3 80.4 77.3 75.5 73.7 29.9% 0. & Cent.7 14.8 9997.1 25.4 86.4 18.4 228.8 147.0 39.8 308.1 61.0 28.6 71.2 73.7 12.8 17.6 103.0 43.4 86.1% 3.8% 0.0 10800.5 28.3 18.4 20.1% 1.9 95.7 690.0 611.2 2757.6% 0.7 11.5 5133.5% 0.0 21.5 75.1 20.2 19.2 24.2 345.1 13.2 81.7 225.5 303.1 90.0 512.8 31.6% 1.4 52.5 64.5% 2.6% 100.9 80.1 130.0 116.2 80.8 11398.9 82.6 23.4 18.1% 4.4 20.6% 0.4 319.0 500.3% 3.4 121.8 14.7% 0.7 12.0 53.5 26.4 31.9 29.7 14.7 189.8 286.0 12.2 473.9 701.2% 1.5 45.3 236.7 84.9 112.1 19.9 53.7 68.4 115.9 61.8 17.4 30.8 65.3 51.2 24.7 467.1 8.2 45.8 107.8 39.6 157.0 97.4 3947.4% -2.8% 0.9 51.0 2821.5 24.1 21.6 91.7 255.4 8.9 25.2 15.6 182.6 3037.3 172.4 100.0 79. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2313.5 122.1 2761.8 15.5 37.7 16.0 116.7 26.0 71.2 19.9 664.3 158.5 83.1 569.8 11.8 5877.2 140.2 73.4 37.3% 6.5% .9 27.1 91.6 5405.0 97.1 38.6 100.9 20.5 324. including modern renewables used to generate electricity.2 17.1 158.8 22.9 657.7 510.5 28.2 201.2 33.8% 0.8 52.0 1805.7 25.4 41.1 20.1 29.9 48.8% 0.7 43.1 18.3 548.0 52.9 76.5 25.8 28.1 149.3 28.7 481.8 19.1 47.9 55.0 70.3 34.7 86.0% 1.2% 7.8 19.8 62.5 4215.3% 0.4% 0.1 21.4 26.5 44.7% 4.6 53.8 19.6% 0.7 14.6 70.7% 1.7 80.4% 5.4% 1.7 298.6% -24.1% 0.9 21.0 13.0 511.5 31.7 65.8 20.1 234.5 23.3 87.1 295.3 416.7% 0.4 70.5 134.0 40.4 69.0 8.8 691.9 53.4 25.2 120.2% 1.Primary energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent 2000 2001 2002 US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.6 15.2 44.8 101.0 80.3 25.2 80.4 51.2 1034.4 205.6 41.0% 1.1% 12.7 10.3 25.1 97.5% 53.05%.7 5414.6 1732.1 77.9 19.7% 1.9 1018.3 24.0 326.4 2982.4 107.7 117.9 207.3 631.0 252.9 67.1 106.7 69.2% 7.7% 0.8 58.7 106.4% 0.8 2971.7 177.5 45.6 14.0 324.0 522.1 28.6 182.4 56.8 20.3 11.0 2651.6 329.3 95.4 337.3 141.9 945.8% 1.4 272.3% 6.4% 0.9 23.8 12.0 254.8 939.0% 0.8 66.0 67.6 354.6 123. other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.1 64.1 9.6 1313.8 13.9 100.3 107.6 112.9 19.3 22.6 62.4 104.7% -2.4% 8.3 185.4 29.8 38.4 2925.9 1783.4% 7.8 32.8 255.9 23.2% 1.0 381.3 263.4 62.8 49.2 332.0 43.5 23.9 120.7 112.6 197.5 27.7 5378.9 36.4 18.6 80.0 21.3 81.1 360.9 86.6 71.3 2738.3 7.0% 0.9 52.6 77.1 1996.7 93.6% 3.1 29.8 23.7 29.9% 4.0 28.4 65.3 19.6 3049.6 589.8% -3.7 26.8 59.6 37.8 11.4 5622.3 221.3 1691.9 27.2% 0.2 131.6 19.4 922.0 118.4 152.6 4573.7 28.4 500.6 5658.0 19.2% 5.0 185.7 2771.8 95.7 48.2 259.9 39.0 620.0 2295.2% 5.9 55.4 2853.2 137.3 83.8% 0.8 90.0 19.2 59.4% 7.3 9.8 20.1 18.0 579.4 78.1 44.7 20.3 685.8 7.4 23.2% 3.5 199.8 32.8 25. primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels.1 153.6 37.2% 14.1 601.4 132.6 42.8% 10.1 108.0 4060.8 21.4% 1.5 439.6 18.1 126.1 5984.0 34.7 21.2 179.9 2720.3 47.2 27.0 17.9 34.6 111.0 110.2% 3.3 71.0 18.1 2835.6% 5.7 16.4 3027.5 66.5 15.5 5667.0 83.3 128.0 99.4 94.9% 2.5% 5.9 24.2 25.6 26.8 102.3 10.7 33.5 149.0 59.8 23.7 23.6 227.3 18.0 6.1 67.9 585.4% 5.7 302.1% 2.0 85.2 212.0% 1.8 59.1 372.1 97.9 24.6 312.5% -0.8 27.8 29.7 35.8 244.6% -1.4 5511.0 87.3 2259.6 25.8 33.4 69.3 25.0 343.5 165.2 5714.6 13.2% 10.3 32.5 115.9 87.6 12.6 29.2 220.9 22.7% 1.5 68.2% 9. ◆Less 2007 2010 share of total 3.8 186.2 37.8 3988.5 1531.3 32.9 70.1 1777.3 77.4% 5.0 21.3 258.3 4091.1% 0.1 46.1 26.7% 19.1 972.1 177.3% 2.0 21.6 516.9 20.8 657.2 23.9 134.5% 38.7 8.4 180.0 34.4 151.0 81.3% 6.2 992.0 35.8 22.4 68.3 30.3% 4.4 27.6 44.0 30.0 24.4% 5.8 2079.3 315.1 146.4% 0.1 33.8 95.6 21.2 10.9% 4.3% 0.8 23.2 193.3% 0.5 42.2 24.5 10.1% 5.7 202.9% 0.1 1072.7 464.8 11363.9 25.3 7.1% 24.1 472.8 57. America Total S.4 48.7 226.6 100.0 4206.3 125.5 59.5 1858.7 231.0 54.0 460.3 27.6% 0.6 29.8 17.3 187.4 24.4 136.7 29.7 14.2% 1.6% 7.3 5673.3 61.2 60.3 333.2 66.6 46.6 13.0 54.5 38.2% 0.4 74.0 33.8 479.3 18.1 89.1 2285.4 4859.0 51.2 19.1% 0.7 224.2% 6.8 26.5% 0.5 42.9 13.2 50.8 25.0% 0.6 480.0 1720.0% 0.0% 5.2 522.9 27.9 11.6 14.1 19.0% 0.7 41.6 209.4% 0.0 40.2 103.8 11.5 94.3 21.7 113.1 57.5 12.6 67.8 2817.1 527.0 120.0 49.7 48.9 114.5 39.4 8.4 81.0 164.8 10482.0 79.3% 23.6% 0.7% 4.0 34.9 1808.1 9465.6% 0.1 33.0 20.9 28.2% 20.1 8.4 235.4% 0.3% 1.5 24.7 108.5 81.6 20.8 209.6 54.2 24.2% 11.7 33.3 523.8 34.4 25.5 72.4 14.7 141.3 85.2% ◆ 0.1 33.3% 8.1 30.1 69.2% -0.4 5568.3 156.5 553.6 5683.6 329.0 524.6 21.3 104.2 339.2 31.1 337.4 644.7 29.2% 2.8% 3.2% 4.0 10.5 32.1% 2.1 192.1 1023.2 3782.7 2003 2004 2005 2006 than 0.2 8.7 2372.6 63.8 11.7 113.4 154.0 2818.5 81. & Cent.9 1678.8% 3.6 41.8 101.7 42.6 18.1% 2.9 28.9 44.7 2432.5% 46.5 1044.0 23.1 91.3 118.9% 0.8 86.8% 0.3 225.4 25.8 2833.9 16.4 38.0 17.7 44.8% 0.7 39.2 117.0 45.9 48.9% 0.7 28.6% 8.4 41.7 2320.6 218.1 169.6 102.6% 0.5 58.2 88.4 182.9 117.2 185.8 5445.1 37.3 14.3 77.4 675.3 52.7% 7.3 125.0 135.4 414.3 3349.8 22.9 34.5% 1.0 61.7 25.0% 3.3 30.3 32.5 41.2 12.2 325.4 2821.5 444.8 9.4 31.2 2870.7 21.0 654.8 39.7 25.5% 0.1 51.2 15.6 633.2 16.9 28.4 514.9 11087.9 20.1 14.3 *In this Review.2 24.7 2995.4 50.5 25.9 40.6 3025.8 1140.8 1738.0% 3.0 127.6 118.0 16.4 70.1 14.2 75.5 41.9 24.6 993.5 25.3 34.4 2861.3 74.5 364.5 83.2 2332.2% 0.4 98.5 9651.0 45.6 20.2% 9.1% 6.6 132.0 97.5 176.6 15.6 1751.1 87.9 18.0 64.0 13.1 88.0 225.6 27.6 46.3 235.4 21.8 120.1% 0.4 214.4 338.0 1786.7% 4.5 135.7 20.5 32.2 41.2 26.5 11.4 91.0 15.1 17.3 4486.3 29.7 257.8 23.3% 5.8 44.0 213.6 53.2 140.2% 9.8 6434.8 19.8 25.6 222.2 2204.1 95.7 147.1 50.4 109.3% 2.4 11535.3% 2.5 95.8 2860.2 8.1 28.7 104.9 18.2 256.3 76.2 110.9 69.7 34.1% 3.8 63.5 56.2% 0.1 253.7% 1.1 24.4 5435.6 24.2% 1.2% 5.9 103.

8 0.0 – 118.7 57.2 3.2 57.3 33.5 2.9 8.1 102.0 102.5 443.4 123.0 3.4 50.5 18.3 6.1 1.8 1.2 8.2 105.3 2.7 2.4 0.1 7.9 0.0 4.3 43.7 3.9 9.8 218.8 4028.8 2.6 8.8 1103.1 32.1 16.7 0.2 6.8 27.0 – 44. & Cent.4 39.0 4.7 107.6 0.4 246.7 4215.6 16.1 100.5 1.4 1313.1 2285.4 24.0 1.5 38.9 9.4 3.8 † 205.2 1.3 213.6 38.0 † † 4.1 1.2 96.5 † 0.6 2204.5 10.7 3.9 – – – – – – – 4.7 10.6 13.4 115.7 14.9 4.6 12.8 0.1 372.2 135.5 54.7 12.7 – 0.3 12.3 972.2 360.9 0.2 11.2 50.0 13.3 24.8 4.2 93.7 85.3 120.7 7.6 1.9 1.0 736.1 56.6 15.8 2.1 2185.1 3.4 77.0 – 86.3 1.7 3.3 † 20.2 12.4 1556.2 252.4 123.9 18.2 3.8 45.9 71.1 149.1 – 2.7 † 24.5 29.2 7.1 1.7 1.6 87.8 67.3 282.9 † 23.1 132.4 75.1 1397.3 9.8 2.8 9.5 5378.1 20.1 – 1.9 † 524.7 75.7 588.2 3.7 14.2 198.0 † 112.8 2.2 89.9 733.0 2.8 28.6 9.6 329.2 2771.7 18.2 9.2 5.6 12.2 0.2 6.8 30.9 42.3 1023.0 59.3 316.4 5.3 922.8 4.4 4.4 4.5 3.1 7.0 27.0 70.6 † 32.7 † 0.9 1.9 0.5 0.0 55.7 7.9 0.9 84.8 34.1 31.0 4.1 0.5 58.7 24.7 26.1 2009 Nuclear Hydro- energy electricity 190.5 35.9 3.0 5568.8 27.0 39.7 1.5 32.3 0.9 20.1 2.2 7.7 37.1 129.1 259.5 1713.2 3.2 4.1 – 3.1 23.3 4.1 5.0 – 80.0 40.7 3.7 6.0 3.8 17.3 585.0 3.8 59.7 0.1 – 81.8 20.5 41.1 33.1 4.8 272.8 † 120.8 80.0 – 24.2 234.1 7.8 – 6.7 5.5 – – – – – 0.9 2.3 78.5 19.8 62.2 14.5 14.2 157.9 87.5 1.9 146.2 15.8 23.3 – 28.1 611.7 – 201.2 38.4 1039.1 16.6 35.7 36.6 39.5 13.5 6.6 72.5 † 12.1 8.3 – 5.6 12.0 † 60.3 20.3 29.1 1.9 33.1 8.7 0.0 140.4 24.1 Oil 850.6 34.4 – 36.6 13.0 0.6 3.2 † † 4.0 0.7 3.0 1.3 *In this Review.8 6.6 3.5 1018.5 4.5 212.2 12.3 13.2 2.5 27.3 7.4 28.2 76.6 3.6 – – – – 0.1 664.2 20.7 5.3 8.4 6.6 0.9 11.6 4.8 – 80.5 62.8 11.2 – – 18.7 35.6 10.4 – 17.8 2.5 2.6 1.2 1.7 32.2 2.2 – 0.7 – 5.1 44.7 0.7 28.8 1914.9 268.7 77.9 670.5 8.3 85.4 13.1 690.6 13.0 9.4 125.3 149.3 207.4 4.0 – 23.1 5.3 – 24.8 – 3.6 4.9 5.3 35.9 31.1 13.1 – – 15.2 34.3 110.1 10.4 0.3 2. †Less than 0.6 38.3 125.9 – – – 10.8 – 0.8 1.2 6.1 88.6 4.0 5.9 17.1 2.7 4.8 15.4 – – – 131.8 7.7 5.6 6.0 152.8 0.8 – – – – – – – – – – 3.2 89.2 14.7 2.3 1.1 38.5 3.4 212.0 1.7 2683.6 – 1.3 954.0 22.2 – – – – – 0.4 27.8 244.1 11.5 – † 2.0 10.2 0.2 117.6 2.7 – 2.8 0.2 – 5.1 9.4 3.5 15.2 – 187.2 11.7 8.9 1.6 626.3 51.3 14.0 26.0 104.2 3.3 0.1 44.4 92.5 94.3 – 63.6 6.5 0.2 14.5 102.3 0.5 2.7 2094.3 0.8 † 3.6 † 34.5 – † 2.6 8.7 203.7 – 76.8 – 255.7 12.3 6.5 40.6 0.6 118.1 31.9 161.1 0.9 – – – 2.5 0.0 29.1 1.6 19.4 9.7 2.5 54.3 69.5 1.2 11.5 1267.1 49.5 118.4 83.6 309.5 42.5 201.0 511.9 6.4 2.0 3.3 1.3 95.4 3.5 6.6 46.1 2432.8 428.7 169.7 157.3 74.3 299.1 17.0 155.2 0.6 503.7 5.9 18.1 8.5 0.2 69.0 † 209.7 116.1 2.2 4.5 0.3 12.4 1.3 – – – – – – – 4.9 350.8 1.1 2.5 59.2 41.8 2.9 0.0 2.7 49.9 265.6 6434.6 19.0 0.9 3.3 3.5 202.2 18.8 0.1 8.9 34.3 3305.4 † 112.1 4.1 41.7 172.4 22.3 18.0 107.3 87.9 Renew- ables Total 39.1 56.6 – 27.6 16.5 12.5 Natural gas 621.6 1.3 1678.0 44.4 473.8 77.4 556.7 11.7 12.1 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 18.5 0. 41 .5 6.6 125.4 46.1 654.9 105.1 0.4 775.1 83.1 4.1 7.1 † 10.1 2.6 11.3 6.4 33.8 1.4 4.6 453.3 19.3 29.0 † 24. Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes.1 13.2 109.0 2.1 701.8 4. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union Oil Natural gas 833.1 23.3 85.9 3.3 65.5 1.3 8.9 86.6 53.1 – 25.6 5.7 † 30. including modern renewables used to generate electricity.5 59.9 13.0 132.4 – 42.6 250.1 8.7 14.0 14.0 15.0 151.5 0.7 25.3 195.6 39.4 – – – 128.9 1.2 85.1 0.7 0.2 4.3 537.8 † 83.0 16.5 121.2 3.0 5.1 12.7 9.0 35.3 277.6 9.0 26.2 9.6 528.2 2.9 13.4 436.2 192.8 1.1 Coal 524.2 5.1 2.0 0.6 78.4 2.0 27.8 167.9 1.7 2.9 2.7 – 68.5 11.5 22.5 23.6 32.1 34.0 22.1 0.9 1347.6 16.4 4.1 0.7 † 23.5 42.3 † 22.6 49.1 2010 Nuclear Hydro- energy electricity 192.6 2.5 34.4 1.6 2.9 14.0 1.0 – – 0.6 480.1 2113.3 18.6 19.6 108.9 – 3.6 2853.8 2858.1 500.0 767.7 17.8 68.0 372.0 40.5 113.5 10.0 23.3 312.2 25.9 360.6 7.6 201.7 † 2.2 614.1 35.8 7.1 2.7 3555.7 88.2 4.4 0.5 2.6 1049.7 74.4 11363.0 3.3 43.2 7.8 0.5 922.6 4573.6 – – 33.5 – 19.5 0.7 – – – – – 8.0 10.0 23.0 2.1 † 46.9 6.1 103.6 2971.0 0.1 147.1 155.6 1460.1 – – 16.8 † 0.1 18.0 28.8 4.7 1.8 158.6 0.4 10.8 – 65.6 168.7 4.6 23.2 17.9 1732.3 662.3 15.3 80.4 1.6 73.9 36.2 5.8 82.3 95.0 3.3 25.1 11.1 – 3.3 25.6 22.1 3.8 – 0.0 – – – 2.6 0.4 7.3 2.0 Coal 496.9 74.0 0.9 † 18.2 14.7 – – – – – 8.9 2.8 12.7 1.4 1.6 – 23.7 17.5 0.9 8.0 2.2 23.1 51.6 23.9 5984.3 † 28.6 – 25.3 30.3 7.9 0.7 0.5 2.8 3908.5 2661.6 38.9 0.5 6.4 1.1 3.7 24.3 13.7 0.4 6.4 319.1 62.2 4.3 163.2 0.8 4.4 6.6 8.1 12.2 1.0 – 35.7 † 0.5 6.9 20.3 14.5 412.4 20.1 76.7 5.1 66.4 75.0 † 3.6 3.7 95.1 4.3 0.1 6.3 0.7 169.2 520.8 – 83.3 9.3 64.1 7.0 – – 20.5 10.6 6.2 11.1 1023.2 1.0 14.9 33.4 27.0 150.2 – 66.7 30.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 14.6 12002.5 123.3 1.1 18.4 † 69.6 – 12.7 – – – 10.6 19.1 2.2 73.0 – 66.6 73.5 22.0 6.4 91.0 4.6 0.0 75.0 3.0 3.4 9. primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels.8 388.1 18.8 39.0 7.2 2.6 23.7 486.6 91.8 7.8 1.4 13.3 1.4 236.4 94.4 55.9 49.9 14.2 35.1 62.9 22.1 2.5 – – – 2.4 0.1 2.6 33.0 98.0 70.05.4 0.4 31.1 32.4 10.8 10.7 40.0 11.0 14.8 0.4 15.2 0.0 1.9 3.8 3.7 309.7 86.3 344.5 79.9 0.9 9.4 8.7 0.2 32.0 61.2 11.8 0.5 39.1 38.2 29.6 0.4 3.6 137. & Cent.2 97.6 2452.3 58.9 2384.9 8.4 31.3 3.2 Renew- ables Total 33.0 3.1 118.5 6.6 38.3 16.2 269.7 8.7 36.0 4.9 26.1 1.8 0.9 27.4 9.9 2187.5 101.4 0.1 16.4 2.2 0.8 28.9 307.5 83.2 31.3 79.2 0.6 184.5 5.7 3.9 – 39.9 42.7 8.3 – 67.6 – – 33.9 1.5 110.2 41.8 510.5 9. America Total S.2 – – 0.8 13.2 466. other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.6 – 48.3 2.0 59.6 25.5 17.3 4.4 47.8 0.3 † 26.Consumption by fuel* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S.0 84.7 0.3 28.5 2256.6 9.6 0.6 4.3 139.5 18.5 – 3.9 253.5 1.8 1813.9 19.2 88.0 0.2 8.4 1203.7 14.5 466.

accounting for 52. natural gas. and renewables in power generation. Oil remains the dominant fuel (33. the strongest growth since 1973. Oil is the dominant fuel for all other regions except Europe and Eurasia. In addition to being the largest consumer of coal. Growth was above average for oil. Europe and Eurasia are leading consumers of natural gas. 42 0 . accounting for 38. as well as for renewables in power generation. coal.1% of energy consumption. and the share of natural gas was the highest on record. hydroelectricity. Regional consumption pattern 2010 Percentage 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 North America S.6% of the global total) but has lost share for 11 consecutive years.6% in 2010.1% of the world total and for 67. the Asia Pacific countries are also the leading users of oil and hydroelectric generation. where natural gas is the leading fuel. coal is the dominant fuel. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific The Asia Pacific region continues to lead global energy consumption.World consumption Million tonnes oil equivalent 13000 Coal Renewables Hydroelectricity Nuclear energy Natural gas Oil 12000 11000 10000 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 0 10 World primary energy consumption grew by 5.1% of global coal consumption. nuclear power. nuclear. The share of coal in total energy consumption continues to rise. Within the Asia Pacific countries. & Cent.

0 3.9% of natural gas reserves.5 4. Non-OECD countries account for 93. though oil and natural gas proved reserves have generally risen over time.5 1. 43 . The Middle East holds the largest share of proved oil and natural gas reserves.Consumption per capita 2010 Tonnes oil equivalent 0-1.5-3. 90.0 > 6. and 56% of coal reserves.4% of the world’s proved oil reserves.0-4. Europe and Eurasia hold a significant share of the world’s natural gas and the largest coal reserves.0 Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2010 Years 500 Oil Natural gas Coal 400 300 200 100 OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union World 0 Coal remains the most abundant fossil fuel by global R/P ratios. Asia and North America also hold substantial coal reserves.5-6.

Poland.7 0.15 35. Denmark.065 Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) 1 billion cubic metres NG 1 billion cubic feet NG 1 million tonnes oil equivalent 1 million tonnes LNG 1 trillion British thermal units 1 million barrels oil equivalent 1 British thermal unit (Btu) 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) Products From 1 kilolitre billion cubic metres NG To billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes trillion British million barrels feet NG oil equivalent LNG thermal units oil equivalent Multiply by 1 0. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.025 1 1. Australia. coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are counted as production for the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption for the converted fuel.192 1. assuming a conversion efficiency of 38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation). Hungary. . 44 East and Southern Africa Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa.839 0. Greece.028 1. Germany. Israel.18 1  2204. West Africa Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola. Romania. Qatar. have been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station.7 48.948Btu = 0. France.17 42 1 – – – – – 49. Vietnam. Non-OECD All countries that are not members of the OECD. Kuwait. Cyprus.82 1 0. Country and geographic groupings are made purely for statistical purposes and are not intended to imply any judgement about political or economic standings. Belgium. some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts. Estonia. OPEC members Middle East: Iran. Lithuania. Sweden. Luxembourg. Uzbekistan.99 5.159 0.252kcal = 1.0238 – 307. OECD members Europe: Austria. North America US (excluding Puerto Rico). Portugal. Greece. Madagascar. 18 and 20. China. Bulgaria.8 7. United Arab Emirates. Thailand.028 0. No use is made of confidential information obtained by BP in the course of its business.6 8.2 48. Cyprus. Former Soviet Union Armenia. Slovakia.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre = 4. Norway. Slovakia. Bosnia-Herzegovina. Luxembourg. Malta.2898 1 0.36 0. Gibraltar. South Korea. Finland. 13.0 0. Hungary. South Korea. Mexico.5 tonnes of hard coal 3 tonnes of lignite See Natural gas and liquefied natural gas table 12 megawatt-hours One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4. Iraq.Appendices Approximate conversion factors Crude oil* Units 1 metric tonne From To tonnes (metric) kilolitres barrels Multiply by US gallons tonnes per year Tonnes (metric) Kilolitres Barrels US gallons Barrels per day 1 0.740 0. Italy.542 0.239kcal = 0. Other member countries: Australia. including Cape Verde. 1 barrel of ethanol = 0. Laos. Germany. Canada.00325 – 1. Indonesia. Czech Republic. China Hong Kong SAR*.021 0.021 0. UK. Kazakhstan. North Korea. Tajikistan. South and Central America Caribbean (including Puerto Rico). Philippines. Kyrgyzstan.33 6.60 0. Turkmenistan.5 7. Portugal. Taiwan.35 0.11 1. Denmark. Japan. Azerbaijan. Libya. Uganda. Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-toliquids.240 1. Georgia.8581 0. Serbia and Montenegro.1023 short tons = 6.7 1.187kJ = 3. Japan. Malta. Zambia. Sri Lanka). Ukraine.11 35.025 0. Netherlands. India. European Union members Austria. Lithuania. Tonnes Metric equivalent of tons.0038 – 7. Europe European members of the OECD plus Albania. North Africa Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to western Sahara. Poland. Spain. West Africa: Angola. 16.14 0. Singapore.149 To convert tonnes kilolitres to barrels to tonnes Multiply by 1 kilocalorie (kcal) 1 kilojoule (kJ) 11. Turkey. UK.19 7. Republic of Ireland. Malawi.4 terawatt-hours) of electricity in a modern power station. Netherlands.165 1 0.97 0.3 1 39. Estonia.90 0. Iran. Bangladesh.968Btu = 0.1364 0. Sweden. Bulgaria. Israel. Saudi Arabia.128 0. as well as electricity from renewable sources. Oceania. Russian Federation. Latvia. Rounding differences Because of rounding.086 0.844 1. Europe and Eurasia All countries listed above under the headings Europe and Former Soviet Union.118 0. US. Central and South America. Iraq. Pakistan. Chile. Republic of Ireland.62lb = = 1.01 39. All annual changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis except on pages 6. Croatia.5 6. South America: Ecuador. barrels to tonnes Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) Gasoline Kerosene Gas oil/diesel Fuel oil 0. Nigeria. Mexico. Spain. Czech Republic.939 tonnes to kilolitres 1. Syria. Belgium. New Zealand.6 1 5.57 barrel of oil 1 barrel of biodiesel = 0. Estonia.86 264. Chad.8 *Based on worldwide average gravity. Venezuela. Romania. Percentages Calculated before rounding of actuals. Finland. Switzerland. New Zealand. New Zealand. Middle East Arabian Peninsula.88 barrel of oil Definitions Statistics published in this Review are taken from government sources and published data. Australasia Australia. Moldova. Slovenia.33 8. Methodology The primary energy values of nuclear and hydroelectric power generation. Mongolia. France. Namibia.806 0. Cambodia. Papua New  Guinea. Italy.22 0. Asia Pacific Brunei. Nepal.133 0.055kJ = 860kcal = 3600kJ = 3412Btu Calorific equivalents One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately: Heat units Solid fuels Gaseous fuels Electricity  0 million kilocalories 1 42 gigajoules 40 million British thermal units 1. Slovenia. Malaysia.41 6. Myanmar. Jordan. North Africa: Algeria. Also Botswana. Zimbabwe. *Special Administrative Region. Canada. Latvia. Lebanon. South Asia (Afghanistan. Iceland. Belarus.74 0.351 1.

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