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This spreadsheet illustrates the design check of helical stair at ... Reference : Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook - C.E.Reynolds and J.C.Steedman - 25.2 Stairs Materials Concrete fcu := 30MPa Reinforcement fy := 390MPa fyv := 235MPa d := h − ⎛ 40 + 16 + ⎜

Cross section

h := 200mm b := 2500mm Ri := 1000mm Ro := 3600mm

: depth of section : width of stair : internal radius : external radius

⎝

16 ⎞ ⎟ mm 2 ⎠

d = 136 mm d1 := b − ⎛ 40 + 10 + ⎜ 16 ⎞ ⎟ mm 2 ⎠

⎝

d1 = 2442 mm

Load calculation Dead load Concrete slab Steps g := gslab + gstep Live load q := 4kPa ULC w := 1.4 ⋅ g + 1.6 ⋅ q for helical stair of 2.6m width W := 2.6m ⋅ w W = 42.85 kN m w = 16.48 kPa gslab := gstep := h ⋅ 24kPa m 100mm ⋅ 24kPa m gslab = 4.8 kPa gstep = 2.4 kPa g = 7.2 kPa

Design moment, shear and torsion β := 250deg ϕ := 20deg b = 12.5 h

Radius of centerline of loading 2 R1 := 3

⎛ R 3 − R 3⎞ i ⎠ ⎝ o ⎛ R 2 − R 2⎞ i ⎠ ⎝ o

R1 = 2.54 m

Radius of centerline of steps R2 := 1 R + Ro 2 i

(

)

Page 1 of 5

R2 = 2.3 m

Rev A

Helical stair design check

: R1 R2 Item: Helical Stair Checked by: Sheet no.. ⎝ ⎠ + H ⋅ R2 ⋅ sin ( θ) ⋅ sin ( ϕ) 2 T = 10.11 We choose the chart table 177 (Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook .____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Prep'd by: Date : Project : Job No. k3 parameters k1 := −0.E.12 k3 := −0.07 kNm Vertical moment My := M0 ⋅ cos ( θ) + H ⋅ R2 ⋅ θ ⋅ tan ( ϕ) ⋅ sin ( θ) − W R1 ⋅ ( 1 − cos ( θ) ) My = −102.93 kN Mvs = −95..2 kNm β 2 θ = 125 deg ( ) Mn = −415.001 kN ( ) 2 Helical stair design check Page 2 of 5 Rev A .42 Redundant moment acting tangentially at midspan M0 := k1 ⋅ W ⋅ R2 Horizontal redundant force at midspan H := k2 ⋅ W ⋅ R2 Vertical moment at supports Mvs := k3 ⋅ W ⋅ R2 At support θ := Lateral moment Mn := M0 ⋅ sin ( θ) ⋅ sin ( ϕ) − H ⋅ R2 ⋅ θ ⋅ tan ( ϕ) ⋅ cos ( θ) ⋅ sin ( ϕ) − H ⋅ R2 ⋅ sin ( θ) ⋅ cos ( ϕ) .Steedman) using strain-energy principles to get the moments and force via k1...22 kNm Torsional moment T := ⎛ M0 ⋅ sin ( θ) − H ⋅ R2 ⋅ θ ⋅ cos ( θ) ⋅ tan ( ϕ) + W ⋅ R1 ⋅ sin ( θ) − W ⋅ R1 ⋅ R2 ⋅ θ⎞ ⋅ cos ( ϕ) . k2.17 k2 := 2.C.: of = 1.Reynolds and J.02 kNm Thrust N := −H ⋅ sin ( θ) ⋅ cos ( ϕ) − W ⋅ R1 ⋅ θ ⋅ sin ( ϕ) Lateral shearing force across stair Vn := W ⋅ R1 ⋅ θ ⋅ cos ( ϕ) − H ⋅ sin ( θ) ⋅ sin ( ϕ) Radial horizontal shearing force Vh := H ⋅ cos ( θ) Vh = −119.02 kN N = 0.84 kN Vn = 165.C.53 kNm H = 208. + W ⋅ R1 ⋅ sin ( ϕ) ⋅ R1 ⋅ sin ( θ) − R2 ⋅ θ 2 2 M0 = −38.

4 kNm M = 103 kNm CheckM = "OK" K = 0.25 − K ⎞⎥ ⎜ ⎟ 0.25 − K ⎞⎥ ⎜ ⎟ 0.9 ⎠⎦ ⎝ zcal = 123.95d Helical stair design check ⎡ ⎣ ⎤ ⎛ 0.7 mm zlim = 129.13% ∧ Aratio ≤ 4% ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ "Not OK" otherwise Checkratio = "OK" ( ) ( ) Design of tension reinforcement Ultimate resistant moment Design moment Mu := 0.9 ⎠⎦ ⎝ zcal = 2.95d1 z := ⎡ ⎣ ⎤ ⎛ 0.: of Design of edge tension reinforcement Ultimate resistant moment Design moment Mu := 0.____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Project : Prep'd by: Date : Job No.9 mm z = 2.07 zcal := d ⋅ ⎢0.3 × 10 mm 3 3 zlim if zcal > zlim zcal otherwise Area of reinforcement Provide Reinf ratio Check ratio Areq := M 0.71 kNm M = 500 kNm CheckM = "OK" K = 0.5 + zlim := 0.: Item: Helical Stair Checked by: Sheet no.156fcu ⋅ h ⋅ d1 M := 500kNm CheckM := "OK" if Mu ≥ M "Redesign" otherwise K := M fcu ⋅ h ⋅ d1 2 2 Mu = 5581.7 mm Aprov = 942 mm Aratio = 0.19 % 2 Aprov := 3T20 Aratio := Aprov b⋅h 2 Checkratio := "OK" if ⎡ Aratio ≥ 0.4 × 10 mm zlim = 2319.95 ⋅ fy ⋅ z Areq = 581.156fcu ⋅ b ⋅ d M := 103kNm CheckM := "OK" if Mu ≥ M "Redesign" otherwise K := M fcu ⋅ b ⋅ d 2 2 Mu = 216.2 mm Page 3 of 5 Rev A .5 + zlim := 0.01 zcal := d1 ⋅ ⎢0.

66 MPa νd = 0. 0.66 MPa νlim := max ⎜ 5MPa .25 ⎝ 25MPa ⎠ νc "Nominal link" if νd ≤ 2 "Design for link" otherwise 1 3 1 4 νc = 0.13% ∧ Aratio ≤ 4% ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ "Not OK" otherwise Checkratio = "OK" ( ) ( ) Shear reinforcement Design shear Vf := 226kN Vd := 226kN Average shear stress νf := νd := Limitting shear Check shear Vf b⋅d Vd b⋅d :at the face of the support :at distance d from face of support νf = 0.95 ⋅ fy ⋅ z Areq = 2248. 3⎟ ⎝ b⋅d ⎠ 400mm ⎞ k2 := max ⎛ 1 .78 MPa Checklink = "Design for link" Checklink := Helical stair design check Page 4 of 5 Rev A .71 k2 = 2. ⎜ ⎟ d ⎝ ⎠ k1 := min ⎜ k1 = 0.48 % 2 Aprov := 12T16 Aratio := Aprov b⋅h 2 Checkratio := "OK" if ⎡ Aratio ≥ 0.79 ⋅ k1 ⋅ k2 ⋅ ⎜ ⎟ ⋅ MPa 1.____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Project : Prep'd by: Date : Job No.1 mm Aprov = 2412 mm Aratio = 0.: Item: Helical Stair Checked by: Sheet no.94 1 3 νc := ⎛ fcu ⎞ 0.7 mm Area of reinforcement Provide Reinf ratio Check ratio Areq := M 0.8 ⋅ ⎛ ⎝ fcu ⎞ ⋅ MPa⎟ MPa ⎠ νlim = 5 MPa Checkν = "OK" Checkν := "OK" if νf ≤ νlim "Not OK" otherwise Concrete shear capacity ⎛ 100Aprov ⎞ .: of z := zlim if zcal > zlim zcal otherwise z = 123.

8 ⋅ ⎜ y1 := h − 2t ⋅ x1 ⋅ y1 ⋅ 0. 5⎟ ⋅ MPa MPa ⎠ Checkcombined = "safe" "safe" otherwise Helical stair design check Page 5 of 5 Rev A . h) Shear stress induced by torsion Limiting torsional shear stress vt := 2Ttor hmin ⎞ ⎛ hmin ⋅ ⎜ hmax − ⎟ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 hmin = 200 mm hmax = 2500 mm vt = 0. h) hmax := max ( b .91 MPa ⎛ ⎝ fcu ⎞ .8 v = 0.95 ⋅ fyv + b ⋅ νc⎟ ⋅ d ⎞ ⎠ Vn = 298.: of ⎛ Asv ⎝ sv ⋅ 0.5 kN Checkshear = "safe" Checkshear := "safe" if Vd ≤ Vn "Redesign" otherwise Torsional resistance Design Torsion Check torsion reinforcement Ttor := 12kNm hmin := min ( b .86 kNm CheckT := "safe" if Ttor ≤ Tr "reduce spacing of links s.4⎟ ⋅ MPa MPa ⎠ vtmin = 0.4 MPa Checktorsion := "provide torsion reinf" if vt ≥ vtmin "torsional reinf not required" otherwise Checktorsion = "torsional reinf not required" Distance to center of links Link dimensions Torsional resistance t := ( 40 + 10)mm x1 := b − 2t Tr := 0.25 MPa vtmin := min ⎜ 0.____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Prep'd by: Date : Project : Job No. 0.95fyv⎟ ⎛ Asv ⎝ sv ⎞ ⎠ Tr = 44.67 ⎛ ⎝ fcu ⎞ .v" otherwise CheckT = "safe" Check torsion combined with bending and shear stress Total shear v := vt + νf Checkcombined := "re-design" if v ≥ min ⎜ 0.: Calcualte shear capacity of section Item: Helical Stair Asv := 2 ⋅ R10 sv := 150mm Vn := ⎜ Check shear Checked by: :area of links at a section :link spacing Sheet no.

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