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# ____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Project : Prep'd by: Date : Job No.: Item: Helical Stair Checked by: Sheet no.

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This spreadsheet illustrates the design check of helical stair at ... Reference : Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook - C.E.Reynolds and J.C.Steedman - 25.2 Stairs Materials Concrete fcu := 30MPa Reinforcement fy := 390MPa fyv := 235MPa d := h 40 + 16 +

Cross section

## : depth of section : width of stair : internal radius : external radius

16 mm 2

d = 136 mm d1 := b 40 + 10 + 16 mm 2

d1 = 2442 mm

Load calculation Dead load Concrete slab Steps g := gslab + gstep Live load q := 4kPa ULC w := 1.4 g + 1.6 q for helical stair of 2.6m width W := 2.6m w W = 42.85 kN m w = 16.48 kPa gslab := gstep := h 24kPa m 100mm 24kPa m gslab = 4.8 kPa gstep = 2.4 kPa g = 7.2 kPa

## Design moment, shear and torsion := 250deg := 20deg b = 12.5 h

R 3 R 3 i o R 2 R 2 i o

R1 = 2.54 m

)
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R2 = 2.3 m
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## Helical stair design check

____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Prep'd by: Date : Project : Job No.: R1 R2 Item: Helical Stair Checked by: Sheet no.: of

= 1.11

We choose the chart table 177 (Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook - C.E.Reynolds and J.C.Steedman) using strain-energy principles to get the moments and force via k1, k2, k3 parameters k1 := 0.17 k2 := 2.12 k3 := 0.42

Redundant moment acting tangentially at midspan M0 := k1 W R2 Horizontal redundant force at midspan H := k2 W R2 Vertical moment at supports Mvs := k3 W R2 At support := Lateral moment Mn := M0 sin ( ) sin ( ) H R2 tan ( ) cos ( ) sin ( ) H R2 sin ( ) cos ( ) ... + W R1 sin ( ) R1 sin ( ) R2
2 2

M0 = 38.53 kNm

H = 208.93 kN

## Mvs = 95.2 kNm

= 125 deg

Mn = 415.22 kNm Torsional moment T := M0 sin ( ) H R2 cos ( ) tan ( ) + W R1 sin ( ) W R1 R2 cos ( ) ... + H R2 sin ( ) sin ( )
2

T = 10.07 kNm Vertical moment My := M0 cos ( ) + H R2 tan ( ) sin ( ) W R1 ( 1 cos ( ) ) My = 102.02 kNm Thrust N := H sin ( ) cos ( ) W R1 sin ( ) Lateral shearing force across stair Vn := W R1 cos ( ) H sin ( ) sin ( ) Radial horizontal shearing force Vh := H cos ( ) Vh = 119.84 kN Vn = 165.02 kN N = 0.001 kN

## Helical stair design check

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____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Project : Prep'd by: Date : Job No.: Item: Helical Stair Checked by: Sheet no.: of

Design of edge tension reinforcement Ultimate resistant moment Design moment Mu := 0.156fcu h d1 M := 500kNm CheckM := "OK" if Mu M "Redesign" otherwise K := M fcu h d1
2 2

K = 0.01

0.25 K 0.9

3

Areq :=

M 0.95 fy z

Checkratio :=

## "OK" if Aratio 0.13% Aratio 4% "Not OK" otherwise Checkratio = "OK"

) (

Design of tension reinforcement Ultimate resistant moment Design moment Mu := 0.156fcu b d M := 103kNm CheckM := "OK" if Mu M "Redesign" otherwise K := M fcu b d
2 2

K = 0.07

## zcal := d 0.5 + zlim := 0.95d

Helical stair design check

0.25 K 0.9

## zcal = 123.7 mm zlim = 129.2 mm

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____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Project : Prep'd by: Date : Job No.: Item: Helical Stair Checked by: Sheet no.: of

z :=

z = 123.7 mm

Areq :=

M 0.95 fy z

Checkratio :=

## "OK" if Aratio 0.13% Aratio 4% "Not OK" otherwise Checkratio = "OK"

) (

Shear reinforcement Design shear Vf := 226kN Vd := 226kN Average shear stress f := d := Limitting shear Check shear Vf bd Vd bd :at the face of the support :at distance d from face of support f = 0.66 MPa d = 0.66 MPa

Check :=

## 100Aprov , 3 bd 400mm k2 := max 1 , d

k1 := min

k1 = 0.71 k2 = 2.94
1 3

c :=

1 3

1 4

## Helical stair design check

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____________________________________________________________________________________________ _ Prep'd by: Date : Project : Job No.: Calcualte shear capacity of section Item: Helical Stair Asv := 2 R10 sv := 150mm Vn := Check shear Checked by: :area of links at a section :link spacing Sheet no.: of

Asv sv

0.95 fyv + b c d

Checkshear :=

## "safe" if Vd Vn "Redesign" otherwise

Torsional resistance Design Torsion Check torsion reinforcement Ttor := 12kNm hmin := min ( b , h) hmax := max ( b , h) Shear stress induced by torsion Limiting torsional shear stress vt := 2Ttor hmin hmin hmax 3
2

Checktorsion :=

## "provide torsion reinf" if vt vtmin "torsional reinf not required" otherwise

Checktorsion = "torsional reinf not required" Distance to center of links Link dimensions Torsional resistance t := ( 40 + 10)mm x1 := b 2t Tr := 0.8 y1 := h 2t x1 y1 0.95fyv

Asv
sv

Tr = 44.86 kNm

CheckT :=

## "safe" if Ttor Tr "reduce spacing of links s.v" otherwise

CheckT = "safe" Check torsion combined with bending and shear stress Total shear v := vt + f Checkcombined := "re-design" if v min 0.8 v = 0.91 MPa

"safe" otherwise

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