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Eigen Value and Eigen Vector Physical Significance

By: Manu Prakash

Linear Transformation of Vector 5 3 1 11 3 5 2 13 Matrix (A) x Vector (V1) = vector (V2) Generally vector transformation leads to formation of a new vector [A] x [V1] = [V2] .

5 3 1 8 3 5 1 x Vector (V1) = 8 vector (V2) Matrix (A) In this particular case vector V1 is transformed to vector V2. [A] x [V] = [V] . and magnitude by which vector is scaled is called Eigen Value. This vector V1 is special case called Eigen Vector. which is identical to V1 only differ in magnitude.

‡ each and every vector when transformed by given matrix results in another vector whose magnitude and direction is changed. ‡ Infinite number of points on circle are vectors. ‡ These 2 Eigen vectors are those one by which circle is stretched into an ellips. ‡ Only 2 vectors( Eigen) do not change their direction.2 X + 2 y = 2 1 ‡ Consider a stretchable membrane on which circle is drawn. .

x=-1:0. y2=t(2. z2=t(2. y=sqrt(1-(x.2)*z. hold on plot(x. z2=t(2.y) title('Transformation [-2 3. hold on plot(x.2)*z.z) hold on x2=t(1.y2.'red').Matlab Script ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ clc clear all close all %% Linear transformation 1 t=[5 3.'red'). plot(x2.2)*z.'color'.'color'. plot(x2.1)*x+t(1.2.2. %% Linear transformation 2 t=[-2 3.2)*y. hold on x2=t(1.^2)). subplot(1.z2.2)*y.2)*y.3 5] applied to circle').z) hold on x2=t(1.'color'.z2.1)*x+t(1.2)*z.y) title('Transformation [5 3.3 -2].1)*x+t(2.3 5].2) plot(x. z=-sqrt(1-(x.y2. plot(x2. hold on x2=t(1. plot(x2.025:1.1)*x+t(1.1)*x+t(2.3 -2] applied to circle').2)*y.1)*x+t(1. y2=t(2.1) plot(x. .^2)).1)*x+t(2.'red').'red'). subplot(1.'color'.1)*x+t(2.