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QS, QT & 1900 Series Tractors.

SERVICE

MANUAL
)

Form 552974·2 (4/83) Supersedes 552974-1

I. GENERAL

I]

QS, QT & 1900 Series Tractors

II. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

III. DRIVE CHAIN

IV. FUEL SYSTEM

I & I

V.CHASSIS.

VI. HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

[I

VII. ENGINEfj

VIII. TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS

E:]

as, or

& 1900 SERIES TRACTORS
PAGE

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE GROUP III. DRIVE TRAIN ....•...... 3-1 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE 3-1 PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION , 3-2 HYDROSTATIC TRANSMISSION FLOW CHART 3-3 HYDROSTATIC IDENTIFICATION .. 34 TESTING HYDRO 6-3 TRANSAXLE REMOVAL (EATON) •. 3-7 TRANSAXLE REMOVAL (SUNSTRAND) 3-8 HYDRO REMOVAL ......•. , •... , .3-9 HYDRO REPAIR (EATON ......•.. 3-10 HYDRO REPAIR (SUNSTRAND) ... 3-11 TRANSAXLE .....• , ....•.... , , . 3-22 OIL SEAL INSTALLATION, , , .• , . ,3-25 BEARING INSTALLATION., ..... ,3-28 HYDRO INSTALLATION" .. , .. ,.3-29 TRANSAXLE REINSTALLATION (EATON) , .• , ....•..•. , .... , .. 3-31 TRANSAXLE REINSTALLATION (SUNSTRAND) ..•••. , ., • , .. , , •. 3-32 GROUP IV. FUEL SYSTEM .. " •.••••• TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE •••..•. SERVICING, .... , ., "" .. , ... , .. FUEL VALVE., ..•.....••..•..•. DUEL VALVE, , .•• FUEL FILTER .....••..•....•. , •• AIR CLEANER. , CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENTS ....• GROUP V. CHASSIS ,., .. 1-1 1·2 14 1-5 1-6

GROUP I. GENERAl.

..••.........•.

SERIAL NUMBER INFORMATION SPECIFICATIONS MAINTENANCE CHART LUBRICATION POINTS ........••. LUBRICATION CHART •....•...... GROUP II. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

2·'

TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE 2·' ELECTRICAL WIRE COLOR GUIDE. 2-3 WIRING DIAGRAM 1660 SIN 0100101 THRU 0199999 .•............••. 24 WIRING DIAGRAM 1660 SIN 0200101 AND LATER .....•..•....... : .. 2·5 START AND RUN CIRCUIT 1660 ...• 2·5 LIGHT CIRCUIT 1660 SIN 0100101 THRU 0199999 , ,., 2-6 LlG HT CI RCUIT 1660 SIN 0200101 AND LATER , ....•. , .. ,2·7 CHARGING CIRCUIT 16600100101 THRU 0199999 , 2-6 CHARGING CIRCUIT 16600200101 AND LATER , ••...... , 2-7 WIRING DIAGRAM 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 .•... , , ,2-8 WIRING DIAGRAM EARLY MODELS 1666 SERIAL NO'S 0600101 THRU 2-9 WIRING DIAGRAM EARLY MODELS 1666 SERIAL NO'S 0600101 THRU 0799999 .... , ..............•.. 2-10 WI R I N G D lAG RAM 1666 SIN 0600101 AND LATER ........ , ......... 2-11 LIGHT CI RCUIT 1666 SIN 0100101 TH RU 0499999 ..........••.... 2·12 LIGHT CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 AND LATER ............•.•... 2-12 START RUN CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 ..... 2-13 START RUN CI RCU1T 1666 SIN 0500101 AND LATER 2-13 CHARGING CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 .•. , ..... 2-14 CHARGING CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 THRU 0599999 2-14 CHARGING CJRCUIT 1666 SIN 0600101 AND LATER •... : 2·15 PTa CLUTCH CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 ... , ••... 2-15 PTO CLUTCH CIRCUIT 1666 Sin 0500101 THRU0599999 .....•... 2-16 PTO CLUTCH CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0600101 AND LATER 2-16 SEAT SWITCH CI RCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 AND LATER 2-17 TESTING ELECTRICAL SYSTEM .•• 2-18

4-'
4-1 4-2

4-2
4-2 4-2 4-3 4-4 5-1

STEERING ASSEMBLY •..••..•.•.. 5-1 HYDROSTATIC ADJUSTMENTS ...• 5-4 BRAKE ASSEMBLY .•.......... , .. 5-5 INTERLOCK SWITCHES ..........• 5-6 POWER TAKE-OFF (P.T.O.) ..•..•. ,5-7 GROUP

VI. HYDRAULIC

SYSTEM .•.••

6-'
6-1 6-3 6-5 7·1 7-1 7-3 7-4 7-5

TROUBLESHOOTING GUiDE .•...•. TESTING HYDRAULIC SYSTEM .... HYDRAULIC POWER LIFT •.••...•. GROUP

VII. ENGINE

TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE QT-160NAN ENGINE ....•...•...• OS-16 KOHLER ENGINE .....•.... OT-17 KOHLER ENGINE .. , . .' ..... GROUP VIII. TRACTOR ATTACH-

MENTS .................•..
MOWER DECKS SNOW THROWERS TILLERS

, •. 8-1 " .. 8-1 8-5 8-7

. B._. NUMBER MODELS: 1660 (QS-16} a ENGINE MODEL/SPEC NUMBER FIGURE 1-4 . NUMBER ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER MODELS: 1666 (OT-16) I ji FIGURE 1-1 SIN 0100101 THRU 0599999 t:ngrne Model Number. ~ as.GROUP I. Number. GENERAL SERIAL NUMBER INFORMATION Model number of Tractor. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 1-1 REV.:::+-. Engine Serial Number.-. Engine Spec. . KOHLER ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER KOHLER 1666 '(QT-'17) SIN 0600101 AND UP AND 1900 SIN 0100101 D UP ENGINE MODEL AND SPEC. A. Serial number of Tractor..-"""":-' ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER . 4/83 ONAN ENGINE MODEL AND SPEC.

020 (0.5 mm) S Mark In Timing Hole MODEL 1666 (SERIAL NO'S) 0600101 AND LATER) Kohler KT 170S Spec. (690 cc) 17 H. (770 cc) 19 H. Speed Control .. Spark Plug . cable operated Bendix Type 15 Amp. 4 cycle . Spark Plug Size Spark Plug Spark Plug Gap '" Breaker Point Gap Timing . in. Starter .63 mm) . shaft. shaft.QS~ QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 1-2 REV.025 (0.63 mm) 020 (0. shaft. (587 cc) . Breaker Point Gap Timing .025 (0. Spark Plug Gap . air cooled 2 cyl. Type . (1.63 mm) .4 liter) Mechanical Remote cable operated Bendix Type 15 Amp. Spark Plug Size ..0 mm) 47 cu. air cooled 2 cyl. at 3600 RPM Paper Element Kohler 4508302 with Precleaner 5208302 1-1/2 Ots. Piston Displacement .. 15 Amp. air cooled 1 cyl. cable operated Bendix Type . Mfr's H. 3-3/4" (95 mm) x 3-1/4" (82. In.5 mm) SP Mark in Timing Hole Governor Speed Control Starter Charging System .P. flywheel Alternator 14 mm Champion RBL 15Y ...5 mm) SP Mark in Timing Hole . Rating Air Cleaner Oil Capacity MODEL 1660 Kohler K·341 AOS Spec. at 3600 RPM Paper Element Kohler 4708301 1-1/2 Quarts (1. 4 cycle 3-1/8" (79 mm) x 2-3/4" (70 mm) 42.. In.P.P. 4/83 GENERAL (Continued) SPECIFICATIONS KOHLER ENGINE Manufacturer Model/Spec Type Bore and Stroke Piston Displacement Mfr's H.. Rating Air Cleaner Oil Capacity Governor .. Bore and Stroke . flywheel Alternator 14 mm Champion H10 . ENGiNE Manufacturer Model/Spec .P. MODEL 1966 (SERIAL NO'S) 0100101 AND LATER) Kohler KT 1905 Spec.4 liter) Mechanical Remote.. Charging System . 4 cycle 3·1/8" (79 mm) x 3·1/16 (78.18 cu.89 cu.020 (0.. 24152 & 24197 Harz. 71172A & 71176A Harz. 24106A. at 3600 RPM Paper Element Kohler 4708301 3 Pints (1.42 liter) Mechanical Remote.5 mm) 35.P.. 16 H. flywheel Alternator 14 mm Champion RBL 15Y 025 (0. 49139 Harz.

.........•.....n..................Model 11 Eaton) Transmission Oil Capacity 10 Quarts Speed Infinitely Variable Forward ..•.. Length Width ..•............. (1660 & 1666 series 0100101 thru 0499999 .......... 59 i....•.... cable operated .....30-1/4 in......•.. (76... I CHASSIS Steel..........•....•..••. (103 em) Height ..63 mm) 020 (0.•........................ 1966 .Sundstrand In-Line) (1666 Series 0500101 and later....................••............. air cooled............... Spark Plug Spark Plug Gap Breaker Point Gap .......•...........•.................•...•.....................3 cu........P. (19 em) Shipping Weight .....5 mm) 25° B..S cm) Wheels turned out ................. 45 in.........•................ 4/83 MODEL 1666 (SERIAL NO'S 0100101 THRU 0599999) Type ..P. 2425 A thru C.. Timing .. OT & 1900 SERIE:S TRACTORS Page 1-3 REV. ..GENERAL (Continued) SPECIFICATIONS ONAN ENGINE Manufacturer Model/Spec Onan --::-:-:: OS. (114 em) Wheel Base ..............0-8 mph (0-12.................... (150 em) Ground Clearance ........................6 mm) 40..............C........... (660 ec) 16 H.••....With Terra Tires .................•......40-1/2 in.......... (179 cm) Wheels turned in ... 2938 0 & E & 3283 F Harz........9 liter) Mechanical Remote.......... 48-1/2 in..........................•.......4 km/hr) Brakes .Transaxle Center 7-1/2 in.............. (123 em) Turning Radius ............... Rating Air Cleaner Oil Capacity Governor Speed Control Starter Charging System Spark Plug Size ......•....... formed frame 70-1/2 in.............. Bendix Type 15 Amp...............8 km/hr) Reverse . BF/MS Spec....•..•....•.... Bore and Stroke Piston Displacement Mfr's H.... flywheel alternator 14 mm Champion H8 025 (0...D. 4 cycle 3-1/8" (79 mm) x 2-5/8" (66. In... 850 Ibs...... shaft... Disc Type ....•............0-4 mph (0-6....•............••......./ (385 kg) Transmission .. 2 cyl.....•... at 3600 RPM Paper Element B140-1216 2 Quarts (1..........................•............T.........•...

replace if one piece Check electrolyte level . 'More oflen under extreme conditions . * Brakes - 50 Hrs.* Bells 50 Hrs." 'b Fuel Filler - 100 Hrs. 4/83 GENERAL (Continued) CHART Length of Operation Daily or 10 Hrs. 100 Hrs." 25 Hrs. 100 Hrs..Use Air Hose if Available Service or Replace Service or Replace Adjust Adjust Check and Adjust Brake Clean If two piece. 400 Hrs. Ignition Timing Engine Valve Tappets Power. ·Battery - Daily Hydrostatic Transmission 50 Hrs.' . - Breaker Points - 200 Hrs.Add water as Necessary Clean .Take-Off 1666 SIN 0200101 and later 1660 1966 100 Hrs.Use Air Hose if Available Check for Wear and Adjust Check for Damage and Air Pressure Change and Add oil to Bring to Operating Level (Use only Bolens Filter) Check for wear and Adjust Engine Cooling Air Screen - Engine Air Cleaner - Cooling Fins - (Engine) - .os.._---------------------MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE REQUIRED QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 1-4 REV. ---------_.* Tires 25 Hrs. . Daily or 100 Hrs.'') Type of Maintenance Brush Clean Shake Out Dirt Clean Precleaner (if equipped) Replace Element Clean .. Spark Plugs - 100 Hrs.* .* 50 Hrs.. Transmission Filter - After First 5 Hours then After Every 100 Hrs.

GENERAL (Continued)

as, or

& 1900 SERIES

TRACTORS Page 1-5 REV. 4/83

[

MODEL

1966

SHOWN

as,
__

& 1900 SERIES TRACTORS P_a_9_e_1_w_6_R_E_V_" _4/_8_3__.

or

GENERAL (Continued)
LUBRICATION CHART
Type of Lubrication Engine Oil SAE 30 Oil Type SE-SC SAE 10W30 or 10W40 TYPE SC, CC, SO or SE SAE 10W30 Oil TYPE SE-CC SAE 5W30 or 5W20 TYPE CC, SO or SE SAE 5W-20 Oil TYPE SE-Ce SAE 5W-30 or 5W20 TYPE SC, SO or SE With Sunstrand Hydro's Type "F" Automatic Transmission Fluid Amount Required Add Oil To Full Mark Replace Onan 2 Ots(1.9 liter) Kohler (K 341) 1-1/2 Ots. (1.4 liter) Kohler (KT 17) 3-1/2 pints (1.7 liter) Kohler (KT 19) 1-1/2 Ots, (1.4 liter) -

,."\

LUBRICATION 1.

REQUIRED

Length of Operation Daily & 10 Hrs. Onan 50 Hrs.* Kohler 25 Hrs. * Onan 50 Hrs.* Kohler 25 Hrs* Onan 50 HRS.* Kohler 25 Hrs.* Check Weekly Or 30 Hrs.

Engine Crankcase (Spring, Summer, Autumn) (+120° F. to 30° F) 49° F to -1 ° C Average

Temperature

(Winter) (+30° ro 0° F.) -1°C to -18°C· (Winter) (Below 0° F.) Below -18°e

sc.

cc.

L.

<')

Hydrostatic Transmission (Capacity 10 qts.)

-

With Eaton Hydro's SAE 20, Oil When Oil is Discolored Drain and refill with: (Type "F" Automatic Transmission Fluid with Sunstrand Hydros) (SAE 20 Oil with Eaton Hydras) Wheel Bearing Grease Grease With Multi Purpose

Level must be maintained in the operating zone

3.

Front Wheel Bearings -

Once a year

Pack

4.

Front Wheel Spindles -

30 Hrs. Or Once a Year 30 Hrs. Or Once a Year 30 Hrs. Or Once a Year 30 Hrs.

1-2 Strokes
r'

5.

Front Axle Pivot -

Grease With Multi Purpose * * Grease With Multi Purpose "* Oil Oil Oil Light Machine Oil

1-2 Strokes

6.

Steering Shaft -

1-2 Strokes

7. 8.

Pivot Shaft Brake Linkage

Small Amount Small Amount Small Amount Small Amount

r:

3D Hrs. 30 Hrs. Or Once a Year 30 Hrs.

9.
10.

Travel Pedal Shaft Hydrostatic Control Arms -

*More often under extreme conditions. "Or equivalent NOTE: A hand grease gun is recommended when greasing your unit. Lubricate all linkages, levers, and pins not equipped with grease fittings with an oil can once a week, or oftener depending on operating conditions.

GROUP II: ELECTRICAL SYSTEM TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE

as,

or &

1900 SERIES

Page 2-1 REV. 12/78

PROBLEM

PROBABLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Starter Motor does not energize and solenoid does not click.

1. Attachment

drive engaged.

1. Disengage PTO.

2. Brake pedal not depressed. 3. Corroded or loose electrical solenoid
connections .
.•

2. Depress brake pedal. 3. Clean and tighten Red/White
wire at solenoid. 4. Check and replace if necessary. (Refer to switch testing.)
-

4. Inoperative swi tches - Attachment drive, brake and key switch. 5. Inoperative key switch.

5. C heck and replace if necessary. (R efer to solenoi d testing.)

6. Defective key switch.

6. Check and replace if necessarv, (Refer to ignition
switch test.) 1. Charge battery.

Starter Motor does not energize but solenoid clicks.

1. Discharged battery.

2. Corroded or loose electrical connections
on solenoid, or starter. 3. Inoperative solenoid.

2. Check solenoid or starter. 3. Check and replace if necessary. 1. Check battery, charge or replace if necessary. 2. Clean and tighten. 1. Check and refi IL 2. Check and replace if necessary. 1. C lean and tighten.

Engine cranks slowly.

1. Weak or discharged battery.

2. Corroded or loose electrical connections
at battery. Battery discharges rapidly. 1. Low water level. 2. Inoperative battery. Battery will not charge. 1. Corroded or loose battery cables. 2. Inoperative battery.

2. Replace battery. 3. Check diode and replace if
necessary. Check rectifier/ regulator by substitutions. (Refer to diode test.)

3. Inoperative diode or rectifier/regu lator.

Check. Refer to Arrachment drive switch test. 3. Replace. 3. Connect or repair blue 4. Cheek and replace of neeessary. Check and replace of neeessary. 4. 5. 1. 3. (1666-0500101 and later)(1966) 1. Check and replace if neeessary. Broken seat switch wi res. Install properly and tighten. Seat switch must be activated either by operator in seat or the interlock switch button pulled up. 2. Engine kills when Attachment drive switch in turned on. drive switch. Refer to seat switch test. Loose or poorly connected white wires or poor black ground wire. Broken or loose wires. Attachment drive inoperative (Attachment drive light works). 2. 1. Broken red wire between Attachment drive switch and key switch. . 2. 2. 4/83 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) . (QT-1666 & 1966 series only) 3. Inoperative seat switch. Seat switch is not adjusted properly. 1. PROBABLE CAUSE GUIDE REMEDY 1. Inoperative condensor. Inoperative 1. 1. Adjust so switch is disengaged when operator is not seated.as. Check purple wire between PTO switch and electric clutch. Inoperative Attachment (QT 1666 Series only) 5. ) TROUBLE SHOOTING PROBLEM Lights not operating. 2. wires between seat switch and Attachment drive switch. 2. 1.. 2. 2. Check and replace if neeessary. Continued operation of attachments when operator is not seated. No operator in seat. 1. electric clutch. Refer to Attachment switch test. Bu Ibs bu rned out. Adjust so switch is engaged when operator is seated. Replace. Bad light switch. (QT-1666 & 1966 series only) Attachment drive inoperative (Attachment light inoperative). Inoperative . or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-2 REV. Attachment drive switch. Check and replace if necessary. 2. Seat switch is not adjusted correctly. 2. 1.

12/78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WIRE COLOR CODE COLOR Black Black/Yellow Red Red/White Red/Black Red/Yellow Orange FUNCTION Ground Solenoid Ground Switched 12 Volts Amp Meter Pos. Clutch Temperature Oil Pressure EXPLANATION Lead between solenoid and ground switch "Run" or "On" Key Position For Amp Meter polarity indication Amp Meter polarity indication 12 Volts start position only 12 Volts during run and start position To indicate polarity on 2nd wire From engine kill circuit Accessory Stop Circu it Function Function Function Function of of of of light light light light circu it circu it circuit circu it - Yellow Yellow/Red Blue Blue/Black White White/Green White/Blue White/Red White/Black Brown Brown/Orange Brown/Yellow Purple Green Gray Obtained from 12 volt ignition coil Obtained from stator Lead used between sender and indicator Lead used between sender and indicator Some of the products from Vendors will not match our color system. Generally the Vendor uses black wire.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) as. however. we will try to interrupt this difference by using a connector located near the Vendor item. or & 1900 SERIES Page 2-3 REV. Terminal Amp Meter Neg.O.T. Terminal Start Circuit Ignition Circuit Stator Leads Stator Leads Stop Circuit S?fety Interlock Lights Hi Beam Lo Beam Brake Light Back Up Light Tach Tach Signal Tach Signal P. .

PURPLE RIY . 17. 14. 12/78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) WIRING DIAGRAM 1660 SIN 0100101 THRU 0199999 1.INTERLOCK SWITCH BRAKE INTERLOCK SWITCH CONNECTOR REGULATOR/RECTIFIER AMMETER CIRCUIT BREAKER 20 AMP IGNITION SWITCH LIGHT SWITCH HEADLIGHTS TAILLIGHTS (OPTIONAL) HOURMETER (OPTIONAL) CONNECTORS (NOT USED ON 1660) SWITCH (NOT USED ON 1660) RIY 2. ENGINE IGNITION COIL STARTER SOLENOID BATTERY P.T.RED/BLACK w ENGINE MOUNT w OFF POSITION RIM 1 POSITION 2 REAR VIEW OF IGNITION START POSITION SWITCH 3 . 7.YELLOW B . 13. 16. 18. 15. 3. o RIB R R R WIRE COLORS 0. 5.QS. 9. 12. 4.ORANGE R -RED Y .O. 11. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 2·4 REV. 10.RED/YELLOW R/W . 6.BLACK W W-WHITE P . 8.REDJWHITE RIB .

RED B .T.REDIYELLOW R/B .T.ORANGE .O. 6. INTERLOCK SWITCH BRAKE INTERLOCK SWITCH CONNECTOR REGULATOR/RECTIFIER AMMETER CIRCUIT BREAKER" 20 AMP IGNITION SWITCH LIGHT SWITCH HEADLIGHTS TAILLIGHTS (OPTIONAL) THROTTLE SOLENOID ~ COLOR CODE 0" ORANGE R . 3. 8. 7.BLACK W-WHITE R/Y . INTERLOCK SWITCH BRAKE INTERLOCK SWITCH IGNITION SWITCH AMMETER CIRCUIT BREAKER COLOR CODE R -RED B . 2. 4.BLACK R/W .O. OT & 1900 SERIES Page 2-5 REV. 5. 12/78 WIRING DIAGRAM 1660 SIN 0200101 AND LATER ENGINE IGNITION COIL STARTER SOLENOID BATTERY P. CONDENSER IGNITION COIL STARTER SOLENOID BATTERY P. 10.REDfWHITE R/B • RED/BLACK OFF POSITION RUN POSITION START POSITION REAR VIEW OF IGNITION SWITCH START-RUN CIRCUIT 1660 SIN 0100101 AND LATER 1.REDIYELLOW RfW .RED/BLACK 0.REDfWHITE R/Y . 9.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) OS.

or & 1900 SERIES Page 2-6 REV.as. 7. 12/78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) CHARGING CIRCUIT 1660 SIN 0100101 THRU 0199999 1. 9. 4. 3. 6. ENGINE CONNECTOR HEADLIGHTS CONNECTOR (NOT USED ON 1660) HOURMETER (OPTIONAL) TAILLIGHT (OPTIONAL) LIGHT SWITCH IGNITION SWITCH BATTERY SOLENOID CIRCUIT BREAKER AMMETER REGULATOR/RECTIFIER· 12 Y Y ·1 R R COLOR CODE w R w Y -YELLOW R-RED B ·BLACK W-WHITE RIW ·REDIWHITE R/B -RED/BLACK ENGINE MOUNT - CHASSIS BOLT - . 2. 8. 5. 11. RECTIFIER/REGULATOR 4. 6. ENGINE 2. 7. 10. 13. 12. 5. CONNECTOR 3. AMMETER CIRCUIT BREAKER SOLENOID BATTERY IGNITION SWITCH COLOR y y CODE YELLOW RED RED/WHITE RED/BLACK BLACK R Y R R/W R/B B LIGHT CIRCUIT 1660 SIN 0100101 THRU 0199999 1. B.

3. 6. 9. 12/78 Page 2·7 RECTIFIER/REGULATOR IGNITION COIL CONDENSOR BATTERY SOLENOID CIRCUIT BREAKER AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH CONNECTOR COLOR CODE R/W 0R B R/W R/B ORANGE RED BLACK REDIWHITE RED/BLACK - LIGHT CIRCUIT 1660 SIN 0200101 AND LATER R RECTIFIER/REGULATOR BATTEflY HEADLIGHTS CONNECTOR HOUR METER (OPTIONAL) TAILLIGHT (OPTIONAL) LIGHT SWITCH IGNITION SWITCH AMMETER 10.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) CHARGING CIRCUIT 1660 SIN 0200101 AND LATER o R 1. SOLENOID 1. 2. 2.BLACK W -WHITE R/B . 6. 5. 4. 8. as.RED/BLACK R/W· RED/WHITE ENGINE MOUNT . 4. 8. W W R COLOR CODE R· RED B . 9. QT & 1900 SERIES REV. 3. CIRCUIT BREAKER 11. 7. 7. 5.

14. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 2-8 REV. 3. 16. 7. 6. 4.as. 5. 8.20 AMP AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH P. 2. 12. 13.T. 12/78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 RED/YELLOW RED/WHITE WIRING DIAGRAM RED ORANGE PURPLE WHITE ENGINE MOUNT CHASSIS BOLT 1. 18. 9.O. 19. 11. 15. 17. INDICATOR SWITCH OPTIONAL HOURMETER LIGHT_SWITCH INTERLOCK SWITCH TAILLIGHTS CONNECTOR HEADLIGHTS ATTACHMENT DRIVE DRIVE OFF DRIVE ON REAR VIEW OF ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH OFF RUN REAR VIEW OF IGNITION SWITCH START . 10. ENGINE IGNITION COIL STARTER CONNECTOR REGULATOR/RECTIFIER SOLENOID BATTERY CIRCUIT BREAKER .

19. CHASIS MTG. ENGINE 2. 12. 15.O. 13. 8. 17. 9. 14. 10.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) WIRING DIAGRAM SIN 0500101 THRU 0599999 RED/YELLOW REDJWHITE as. IGNITION COIL STARTER CONNECTOR REGULATOR/RECTI FIER SOLENOID BATTERY CIRCUIT BREAKER . 1. 3.T. 7. 12/78 Page 2-9 RED BLACK WHITE BLACK ENGINE MTG.20 AMP AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH P. 16. 6. 11. 5. or & 1900 SERIES REV. INDICATOR LIGHT HOURMETER LIGHT SWITCH INTERLOCK SWITCH TAILLIGHTS CONNECTOR HEADLIGHTS ATTACHMENT DRIVE DRIVE OFF DRIVE ON REAR VIEWOF ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH OFF RUN REAR VIEW OF IGNITION SW1TCH START . 18. 4.

14. 5. or & 1900 SERIES Page 2-10 REV. 12.O. 11.as. 8. 15. 6. ENGINE ATTACHMENT DRIVE STARTER CONNECTOR HEADLIGHTS SOLENOID BATTERY CIRCUIT BREAKER . 4. 7. 3. 2. 10. H. 13. 16.T. INDICATOR SWITCH OPTIONAL HOURMETER LIGHT SWITCH INTERLOCK SWITCH TAILLIGHTS-' CONNECTOR REAR VIEW OF ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH REAR VIEW OF IGNITION SWITCH DRIVE OFF DRIVE ON .20 AMP AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH P. 12/78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) 1666 SIN 0600101 THRU 0700700 RED/YELLOW WIRING DIAGRAM RED/BLACK ORANGE PURPLE RED ORANGE RED PURPLE RED BLACK ORANGE PURPLE ENGINE MOUNT CHASSIS MOUNT WHITE 1. 9.

ATTACHMENT 3. 11.T. 14. 6. ENGINE 4. QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-11 REV.O. 16. 15.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) QS.20 AMP AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH P. 9. 7. 4/83 WIRING DIAGRAM 1666 SIN 0700101 AND LATER 1966 SIN 0100101 AND LATER II ORANGE RED RED/BLACK ctJi Lr (9) PURPLE RED! YELLOW RED ORANGE ORANGE PURPLE RED BLACK PURPLE ENGINE MTG CHASSIS WHITE MTG 2. 5. 17 DRIVE STARTER CONNECTOR HEADLIGHTS SOLENOID BATTERY CIRCUIT BREAKER . 10. 8. 12. 13. 1. INDICATOR LIGHT OPTIONAL HOURMETER LIGHT SWITCH INTERLOCK SWITCH TAILLIGHTS CONNECTOR REAR VIEW OF ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH REAR VIEW OF IGNITION SWITCH DRIVE OFF DRIVE ON OFF RUN START .

5.. 7.QS~ QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-12 REV.RED/WHITE . CIRCUIT BREAKER 9. 3. BATTERY HEADLIGHTS SOLENOID CIRCUIT BREAKER AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH 7. R w COLOR CODE R . 4.BLACK -WHITE .. 2. LIGHT SWITCH B. 4. 5.. CONNECTOR TAILLIGHTS LIGHT SWITCH PTO SWITCH IGNITION SWITCH AMMETER B.RED/BLACK R/W . HEADLIGHTS LIGHT CIRCUIT r-----. TAILLIGHTS 9.BLACK W-WHITE RIB .RED B .REO/WHITE LIGHT CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 AND LATER 1966 SIN 0100101 AND LATER 1. CONNECTOR RIB R w w COLOR CODE RCHASSIS BOLT B W RIB R/W RED . BATTERY 3. 4/83 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 1. SOLENOID 10. 6. 6.RED/BLACK . R 2.

7.BLACK R/W . 8.RED/BLACK .RED 0.RED/YELLOW RIB . 4. 5. IGNITION COIL 2. STARTER SOLENOID BATTERY CIRCUIT BREAKER AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH BRAKE INTERLOCK SWITCH PTO SWITCH SEAT INTERLOCK SWITCH o COLOR CODE R .ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) as. 3.ORANGE B . SWITCH BATTERY SOLENOID CIRCUIT BREAKER AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH STARTER R/Y RIY R R COLOR CODE R0BR/Y RIB R/W RED ORANGE BLACK REDIYELLOW RED/BLACK REO/WHITE START-RUN CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 AND LATER 1966 SIN 0100101 AND LATER o 1. PTO SWITCH 3. 6.RED/WHITE RIY . 4/83 START-RUN CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 1. 5. 9. 2. 8. 6. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-13 REV. 7. BRAKE INTERLOCK 4. 9.

3. 7. 7. 4. 8.R Y B R/W R/B RED YELLOW BLACK RED/WHITE RED/BLACK R/W . STARTER SOLENOID BATTERY RECTIFIER/REGULATOR AMMETER CONNECTOR CIRCUIT BREAKER IGNITION SWITCH A COLOR CODE R· RED v : YELLOW B .RED/BLACK AIW CHARGING CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 THRU 0599999 6 1. 2. 4. 8. 3. 12/78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) CHARGING CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 1. STARTER SOLENOID BATTERY CONNECTOR REGULATOR/RECTIFIER IGNITION SWITCH AMMETER CIRCUIT BREAKER RIB A COLOR CODE .RED/WHITE R/B . 2. OT & 1900 SERIES Page 2-14 REV. 5.OS. 6. 5.BLACK R/W . 6.

INDICATOR LIGHT 4.PURPLE . 2. AMMETER 7.T. IGNITION SWITCH AMMETER CIRCUIT BREAKER SOLENOID BATTERY R COLOR CODE R B R/B R/W RED BLACK RED/BLACK RED/WHITE P~T. 3.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) CHARGING CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0600101 AND LATER 1966 SIN 0100101 AND LATER as. P. Or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-15 REV.O.Oa CLUTCH CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0499999 1. 4. SWITCH 5.T. P.RED/BLACK . CI. CLUTCH 2. 4/83 1. IGNITION SWITCH 6. SOLENOID 9.T.O.O.RED/WHITE R . HEADLIGHT PLUG 3.BLACK .RCUIT BREAKER 8. 5. BATTERY p RIB COLOR CODE R B P R/B R/W -RED . P.

O. 5. CLUTCH SOLENOID LIGHT CIRCUIT BREAKER AMMETER IGNITION SWITCH P.T.REDIBLACK R/W . 5. P.pPURPLE R/W .O. 6.O.T. 6. p COLOR CODE R R .RED/BLACK B .T. P. SWITCH P. CLUTCH CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 THRU 0599999 1.T.O.O.REDIWHITE RIB .as.RED/WHITE P.BLACK P . CLUTCH PLUG P. BATTERY 4. 9. 7.BLACK .O.T.T.WHITE RIB . B.PURPLE W . SWITCH IGNITION SWITCH AMMETER CIRCUIT BREAKER SOLENOID BATTERY HOUR METER COLOR CODE R . INDICATOR LlGHT 2. CLUTCH CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0600101 AND LATER 1966 SIN 0100101 AND LATER 1.ORANGE . 8.O. 4/83 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) P. 10.RED 0. 2. 3. HEADLIGHT 4.RED B .O. 7. INDICATOR LIGHT P.T. 3. QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-16 REV.T.

IGNITION SWITCH 4. BATTERY COLOR CODE 0RBRIW ORANGE RED BLACK RED/WHITE RIB . ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH 2. AMMETER 5.RED/BLACK .ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) SEAT SWITCH CIRCUIT 1666 SIN 0500101 AND LATER 1966 SIN 0100101 AND LATER as. CIRCUIT BREAKER 6. 4/83 ' o 1. SOLENOID 7. SEAT INTERLOCK SWITCH 3. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-17 REV.

If voltage is less than 9. . zero resistance.110TO CHECKING VOLTAGE 1. it is necessary to subject the battery to a load test.' Check battery electrolyte level. Meter should indicate zero resistance.200TO 1. replace battery. The battery must be at least 75% charged for this test. Battery voltage should not drop below 9. To determine the percentage of charge a hydrometer reading shou ld be taken.280 100% '. replacement is necessary. The following table illustrates ranges of specific gravity for each cell in various states of charge at 800F.230 TO 1. make sure mechanical adjustments of the actuating mechan isms are correct.5 volts. SEAT SWITCH The seat switch open (NO). 160 . Battery must be fully charged. DISCHARGED BATTERY 3. SOLENOID TEST The solenoid is a sealed unit and must be replaced if found inoperative. . I f same resu Its are obtained. . . . If test does not activate the plunger. . . 140 TO 1. repeat steps 1 through 4.220 50% 1. 4. To test switch connect a ohm meter and depress plunger.250 TO 1. When contact is made the plunger should be activated. or & 1900 SERIES Page 2~18 REV. BRAKE FIGURE 2-1 SWITCH (Figure 2-15) The brake switch is wired normally open (NO). . 10% 1. is wired normally To test connect ohm meter as shown in Figure 2-1 and depress plunger. Meter should indicate .170 TO 1. add water if necessary. For this test the battery should be approximately 800 F. (260 C).5 and 12.190 25% 1.250 75% 1.)S. 2. Battery voltage can be checked with a volt-ohm meter and should be between 11. BATTERY CRANKING TEST SWITCH TEST Before electrical tests of the switches are made. 1. It should be between 11.0 volts at the end of this 15 second test. At normally closed position the meter should indicate a infinite resistance. Check battery voltage.5 volts. SPECI FIC GRAVITY PERCENTAGE CHARGED 1.0 volts.130 . Crank the engine using the starter motor for 15 seconds.. 12/78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) TESTING ELECTRICAL SYSTEM TESTING CHECKING BATTERY SPECIFIC GRAVITY To determine whether the battery is capable of meeting the requirements of the starting motor. To test the solenoid connect 12 volts between the solenoid case and the small solenoid terminal. At normally open (NO) position the meter shou Id indicate a infinite reading. CAUTION: I f battery is the 12 volt power source a spark may ignite battery gases.5 and 12.

or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 2-19 REV. Resistance should be zero. 4/83 TESTING ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ATTACHMENT DRIVE SWITCH (1966 & 1666 only) TESTING IGNITION SWITCH When switch is in down position check continuity between the middle terminal and top terminal on same side. (Check both sides) See Figure 2-3. Test the ignition switch for proper internal connections using an ohm meter or contlnulty light. @ OFF RUN START "OFF" POSITION FIGURE 2-3 "RUN" POSITION "START" POSITION FIGURE 2-4 . Resistance should be zero.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM (Continued) as. When switch is in top position check continuity between the right middle terminal and right bottom terminal. See Figure 2-3. Terminals should be closed only in positions indicated in Figure 2-4.

Close valve 1. Reduce load or drawbar loading operation 4. 6. System Iowan oil 3. Faulty control linkage 5. replace if necessary Repair or replace hydro 4. Refill and . 6. Replace filter and oil . QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-1 REV. Replace filter. 6. Free wheeling valve open (Sundstrand Hydro models) 2. Unit will operate in one direction only Hydro input shaft not turning 4.. Plugged oil filter 2. Fan not turning . 2. Filter or suction line clogged 3. 6. 6. Replace or adjust 5. 5. clean or replace if needed Loss of power 1. Check fan for proper 5. Refill to proper level 3. correct problem One check valve stuck open 2. 4. _--- -~ . Check and add as necessary Hydro 2. 6. 12/78 REMEDY 1.~ '~ - 5. Close valve 3. Check for leaks and refill to proper level 2. Air in system Engine lugs down 4. Remove and inspect.. Oil level low 2.-_' GROUP III: DRIVE TRAIN TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE PROBLEM Unit will not operate in either forward or reverse PROBABLE CAUSE QS. correct problem Check input shaft key. Replace filter Check linkage. Low on oil 1. Clean external surface 3. clean and refill system 4. 1. . Free wheeling valve partially open (Sundstrand models) 2. Dirt on transmission Excessive load or high drawbar loading 1. Worn linkage 5.check for leaks Check engine for proper power level " Unit operating hot 1.. Hydro unit not functioning 1. Partially plugged filter Internal damage to hydro Repair or replace hydro ..----~~. 3. Faulty control linkage Check linkage..

H. Charge pump housing should have the L. EATON To identify. 4/83 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC IDENTIFICATION & REPAIR IMPORTANT: A Left Hand drive hydrostatic is used in the "Q" series tractor. locate the Serial Number stamped in area specified. Model Number is located on the hydrostatic identification tag. FIGURE 3.. REPAIR If the hydrostatic transmission is in need of repair. refer to the Eaton Service & Repair Manual.QSJ QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 3~4 REV. 3. 2. (Left Hand) casting marking up and above the input shaft.4 . Motor housing must have the round casting mark up. FIGURE 3-3 1 SUN OSTRAND 1. This manual is available at the factory.

QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-1 REV. Check input shaft key. 6. Check linkage. Fan not turning 5. 2. 2. 6. Hydro input shaft not turning 4. 3. Faulty control linkage 5. 3. correct problem S. Check linkage. Check fan for proper 5. Refill and . ) One check valve stuck open 2. clean or replace if needed Check and add as necessary Close valve . 3. 6. Remove and inspect. QS. correct problem 2. Oil level low Dirt on transmission Excessive load or high drawbar loading 4. 3. 2. 2.check for leaks 6.. Faulty control linkage 1. Replace or adjust 5. Worn linkage 5. clean and refill system 4. 3. Low on oil Free wheeling valve partially open (Sundstrand Hydro models) Filter or suction line clogged 1. PROBABLE CAUSE 1. Refill to proper level Replace filter 4. replace if necessary Repair or replace hydro - 6. 3. Hydro unit not functioning Unit will operate in one direction only 1. Air in system Engine lugs down 4.GROUP III: DRIVE TRAIN TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE PROBLEM Unit will not operate in either forward or reverse 1. Partially plugged filter Internal damage to hydro 4. 6. Replace filter. 12/78 REMEDY Close valve Free wheeling valve open (Sundstrand Hydro models) System Iowan oil Plugged aU filter 2. 2. Check for leaks and refill to proper level Clean external surface Reduce load or drawbar loading operation Unit operating hot 1. Check engine for proper power level 1./ Loss of power 1. Replace filter and oil Repair or replace hydro .

with easy reversing. In the motor section. so does the pressure of the fluid in the transmission. The further the swash plate is tilted the longer the stroke of the pistons. When implement hydraulic cylinders are actuated. At the bottom of their stroke. all from the cylinder block under high pressure. SUNDSTRAND Engine power is transmitted to the pump input shaft of the transmission by the tractor drive shaft Rotation of the input shaft causes the main pump block and the charge pump to turn. and a system of valves located between • the pump and motor. pressure decreases and torque output drops. . the reverse acceleration valve performs in the same way. transmission closed loop varies as the "load" increases or decreases. all with a constant input speed. the oil is by-passed to the case and pumped into the transaxle.as. oil is under low pressure throughout the circuit. QT &1900 SERIES Page 3·2 REV." When the variable swashplate is tilted in the opposite position. When the variable swashplate is in the vertical or neutral position the pistons do not move in or out resulting in no oil flow to the pistons in the motor section. thus reversing the direction of the tractor.past the acceleration valve body forces the valve down against its seat. causing a greater volume of oil being pumped to the motor section. The transmission converts mechanical energy at its input shaft into fluid flow under pressure from its pump. a variable displacement. The function of this valve is to regulate the supply of low pressure oil to the pistons in the pump section. The excess charge oil is bypassed by this valve to the implement circuit. leaking . a charge pump. The charge pump relief valve is a simple spring loaded valve. through the inlet filter. If the load increases. the pressure supplied by the charge pump is limited by the implement relief valve. The greater the load (pressure). the pressures are reversed and the motor cylinder block will rotate in the opposite direction. high pressure Oil. Thus the tractor will not move. radial bali-piston pump. radial ball-piston motor. The acceleration valves are placed in the circuit to limit vehicle acceleration to a safe rate. The high pressure oil travels through internal passages to the inlet side of the piston motor. high pressure oil acting on the back of the piston forces the piston "down the stationary tilted swash plate causing the cylinder block to rotate and turn the output shaft. When the control lever is advanced rapidly from the neutral to the forward position. the pistons pass again to the low pressure side of the valving plate and are refilled by the charge pump and oil returning from the motor through the low pressure line. as they rotate across the angled swashplate forcing the. thus initiating the power transmitting function. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) PRINCIPLE OF· HYDROSTATIC OPERATION EATON The Eaton Model 11 hydrostatic transmission is composed of four(4) major components. the pressure of the fluid in the hydrostatic . The reason for this is to permit the charge pump to supply high pressures for intermittent periods to permit sufficient pressures for implement cylinder actuation. With the control lever in neutral. When the implement relief valve opens. a fixed displacement. . If the load is lessened. The acceleration valve will remain in this position as long as the control lever position is unchanged. The purpose of this transformation is to provide a means of having an infinitely variable output speed. This change in load and pressure automatically changes the torque output of the transmission. As the vehicle continues to accelerate at the safe rate. By tilting the variable swashplate the pistons are forced in and out of the cylinder block. transfers this fluid energy to its motor which in turn converts it back to mechanical energy at its output shaft. stopping the bleeding of oil to the low pressure side. When the control lever is moved into reverse position. Oil from the reservoir is drawn by the charge pump. and forced into the low pressure line by way of the low presure check valves. Oil introduced into the low pressure line by the charge pump fills the area in back of the pistons in the pump section. the circuit pressure increases and the forward acceleration valve bleeds some of the high pressure oil to the low pressure side of the circuit thus limiting vehicle acceleration. In operation. the more torque the transmission produces to match the load requirements. thus increasing the speed of the tractor.

Locate hydraulic line between hydro charge pump and lift control valve and disconnect at hydro. Disconnect 3. Place one foot on the rear hitch or use a bar in rear hitch hole to balance the transaxle while removing. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 3~ REV . 7. tip the transaxle backward to rest on a 6" block. 10. Slowly roll the complete 4. oil line between control valve and oil filter manifold at manifold.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) TRANSAXLE REMOVAL EATON HYDRO MODELS MODEL 1666 SHOWN as. Remove· tunnel (A) Figure 8. drain fluid and dispose of. transaxle and hydro back and out of the frame.4/83 7 UH" UO" 1. 3-7. Remove the four screws securing the transaxle to the frame. 6. 9. Remove right hand and left hand brake arm extensions (C) (2 bolts each). Remove the two top mounting screws (F). After the transaxle assembly has cleared the frame. Remove seat and fender assemblies: Be careful to disconnect the seat switch wires before removing. If transaxle is to be worked on. Remove cotter pin and 14. 13. Disconnect two brake arms (B) from brake cross shaft. Block tractor at midframe. Disconnect rod (E) from lock plate to brake cross shaft at cross shaft. 5. 12. 2. . washer and disassemble control rod (D) from the foot pedal shaft. 11. 15.

Slowly roll complete transaxle and hydro assembly back and out of frame. Remove cotter pin and disconnect quadrant control link at brake cross shaft. FIGURE 3-8 . Remove Right and l. block up under filter until all subsequent removal steps have been performed. Uncouple both lift system fluid lines (temporarily lie up to steering wheel) . Remove hydro control rod clevis pin at travel pedal shaft arm. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3·8 REV. Block tractor securely at mid-frame. Temporarily. NOTE: Driveline will slip off the hydro input shaft. Remove Right and Left brake rod adjusting nuts. TIP transaxle backward to rest on a 6" block.as.. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) TRANSAXlE REMOVAL SUNDSTRAND MODELS HYDRO Remove Sea! and fender assembly.elt brake arm extensions (2 bolts each). After transaxle assembly has cleared frame. Remove all 4 (axle to mainframe) mounting capscrews. Place one foot on rear implement hitch (or use 3/4" bar in rear hitch hole) to balance transaxle white removing the 2 top front bracket screws. Drain transaxle fluid and discard. Hold driveline temporarily to avoid damaging fan blades.

Disconnect hydraulic lines (Reference "A" fig. 7. 2. Disconnect hydraulic suction line (A) and save. See transaxle removal. 2. Remove hydro oil filter. remove the three hydraulic tube fittings and install them into the new hydrostatic. Ibs. Tip the transaxle back and rest on a 6" block.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC REMOVAL QS. 5. Remove remaining 2 oil filter lines at hydro. 4.5 N. (32. To disassemble. 3- 1. Slide shaft forward until it clears hydro input shaft. Remove nut and washer on control shaft and slide control arm assembly (8) off and save. Remove any dirt or grease from hydraulic suction line (A) fittings. NOTE: A PULLER MAY HAVE TO BE USED WHEN REMOVING THE CONTROL ARM. 6.m). If replacing complete hydro. Do not tighten. If replacing complete hydro. Position bevel gear onto new hydrostatic and fasten. 4/83 11) EATON HYDROSTATIC (FIG. Disconnect pick-up tube line (Reference "8" at hydro end. SUNDSTRAND 1. Drain fluid from Transaxle. . Remove the transaxle from the frame. Remove the four (4) mounting screws (C) securing the hydro and oil filter. hold spacer (E) in place when loosening nut. remove bevel gear (D) on output shaft. 4. 5. 3. 6. HYDRO 3. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-9 REV. Loosen set screw and remove bolt holding drive shaft on engine crankshaft. 9. Remove bolt holding neutral adjusting rod (Reference "Clf). 3-12). NOTE: DO NOT REUSE OLD FLUID. Torque nut to 24 ft. FIGURE 3-11 8.

3-12). 8. NOTE: HOLD HYDRO WHILE REMOVING LAST BOLT TO PREVENT IT FROM DROPPING. .as. 5. Drive out roll pin (Reference "D" fig. 9. This manual is available at the factory. 10. EATON HYDRO TESTING For testing procedure. HYDROSTATIC REPAIR REPAIR If the hydrostatic transmission is in need of repair. page 6-3. NOTE: DO NOT REUSE OLD FLUID. 2. "e"). Remove bolt holding neutral adjusting rod (Reference 3. Remove roll pin from free wheeli~~ valve ·if replacing hydro. Loosen set screw and remove bolt holding drive shaft on engine crankshaft. Remove the two oil line fittings and the pickup tube fitting from old hydro. 4/83 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC REMOVAL SUNDSTRAND 1. 6. refer to Hydraulic Section. Disconnect pick-up tube line (Reference "8" at hydro end. 4. REMOVE HYDRO FROM TRACTOR. Remove linkage as an assembly. 3-12) holding linkage to control shaft. QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 3-10 REV. Remove hydro oil filter. Slide shaft forward until it clears hydro input shaft. refer to the Eaton Service and Repair Manual. Disconnect hydraulic lines (Reference" A" fig. HYDRO Drain fluid from Transaxle. 7. Remove the remaining three bolts holding hydro.

A LINE SHOULD BE SCRIBED ACROSS THE TOP OF THE TRANSMISSION SO THE PROPER POSITIONS OF THE SECTIONS WILL BE MAINTAINED DURING REASSEMBLY. After removal. IMPORTANT: Do not use a cleaning solvent that is harmful to paint or rubber. or & 1900 SERIES Page 3~11 REV. Pump section 3.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC SUNDSTRAND HYDRO REPAIR If trouble shooting and pressure checks indicate a need for disassembly of the hydrostatic for repair. 12/78 REPAIR MOTOR SECTION I SCRIBE LINES FOR PROPER POSITIONS DURING ASSEMBLY HYDROSTATIC EXPLODED VIEW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Cap Screw Bearing Motor Housing Thrust Plate Motor Shaft Cylinder Block Assembly Check Valve Cap "0" Ring Spring Ball Pipe Plugs Gaskets "0" Ring Back Up Ring Free Wheeling Valve Motor Valve Plate Pin Bearing "0" Ring 20 Acceleration Valve Spring 21 Acceleration Valve Assembly 22 "0" Ring 23 Hex Plug 24 Center Section 25 Pump Valve P!ate 26 Pump Shaft 27 Roll Pins 28 Pump Swash Plate 29 Snap Ring 30 Bearing 31 Snap Ring 32 Pump Housing 33 Control Shaft 34 Bearing 35 Seal 36 Washer 37 Retaining Ring 38 Trunnion Shaft LEGEND FOR FIGURE 3-15 39 Hex Plug (Implement) 40 Snap Ring (Later Models) 41 Shim Pack 42 Charge Relief Valve Spring 43 Poppet Valve (Charge) 44 Poppet Valve (Implement) 45 Hex Plug 46 Filter Union 47 Implement Relief Valve Spring 48 "0" Ring 49 Drive Pin 5i0 Charge Pump (Gerotor) 51 Bearing 52 Charge Pump Housing 53 Seal 54 Identification Tag 55 Cap Screw 56 Hex Plug (Charge) . Charge pump section 2. the unit must be removed from the tractor. FIGURE 3-14 as. Motor section NOTE: BEFORE DISASSEMBLY OF THE· VARIOUS SECTIONS. To simplify the repair of the hydrostatic it will be discussed in four basic sections: 1. the open ports should be sealed off and the external surface thoroughly cleaned in a mild cleaning solvent. Center section 4.

12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) E ) HYDROSTATIC REPAIR MOTOR SECTION PUMP SECTION . QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-12 REV.as.

12/78 Page 3-13 REPAIR 2. 3. 3. SMALL DIAMETER SEAL. The pin. seal can now be inspected replaced if necessary. inspect the input shaft especially the keyway. The gerotor surface should be inspected on both sides for grooves or pick-up of foreign material. AND A HARDENED INPUT SHAFT. bearing . QT & 1900 SERIES REV.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC REMOVAL OF CHARGE PUMP 1. as. The charge pump oil cavity leadins and inner housing surface should be inspected for damage or excessive wear. Remove the four capscrews and pull housing off the input shaft. INSPECT OIL CAVITY LEAD-INS AND HOUSING SURFACE INSPECT DRIVE PIN FOR CRACKS FIGURE 3-18 . HARDENED / SHAFT SMALL SEAL NEEDLE BEARING SMALL BORE IN HOUSING FIGURE 3-17 INSPECT GEROTOR ON BOTH SIDES SURFACE e~ -. for burrs or sharp edges that could damage the lip seal. FIGURE 3-16 CHARGE PUMP INSPECTION NOTE: THE CHARGE PUMP USES A NEEDLE BEARING. 1. 2. Damaged or worn parts should be replaced. and and charge pump "0" ring. Before removing housing. THE HARDENED INPUT SHAFT IS NEEDED TO PROVIDE THE INNER RACE FOR THE NEEDLE BEARING. drive gerotor assembly. The drive pin should be inspected for cracks of fatigue points.

1 1/-: . PUMP HOUSING/ 2...- _ .••. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC REPAIR SEPARATING PUMP. ._ _"J TWO ROLL PINS ARE USED ON CONTROl... or s 1900 SERIES Page 3-14 REV. The three sections are somewhat spring loaded so care must be taken to prevent the transmission from falling apart. When the four capscrews have been removed. B. ~ 2. A.. 3. Remove pump variable swashplate.. Remove thrust plate from swashplate. Set the hydrostatic pump end down on a soft wooden block with a center hole for the input shaft to extend into.. With a punch and light hammer tap spring roll pins through variable swashplate. SHAFT 3.. DISASSEMBLY SECTION 1... Remove the four capscrews located in the motor section which hold the 3 sections together.as. charge pump end down on a soft wooden block with a center hole for input shaft to extend into. MOTOR AND CENTER SECTIONS PUMP HOUSING 1. rr. ----.. OF PUMP Remove cylinder block assembly from pump housing. the transmission should separate into the three basic sections. INSPECT NEEDLE BEARINGS & SEALS ~~ ONE ROLL PIN~I IS USED ON TRUNNION SHAFT INSPECT THRUST PLATE FIGURE 3-19 ~=Il\ -00 INSPECT NEEDLE BEARINGS & SEALS . I . NOTE: EXCESSIVE HEAVY POUNDING MAY DAMAGE BEARINGS INPUT SHAFT SNAP RINGS FIGURE 3-20 . Remove all screws equally to prevent damage to threads or surfaces. Set pump housing.

c.
D. 4.

DRIVE TRAIN (Continued)
HYDROSTATIC
Push shafts from swashplate and housing and remove the swashplate. Press the needle bearings from housing.

as, REPAIR

QT & 1900 SERIES. REV. 12/78

Page 3-15

INSPECT CYLINDER BLOCK FOR WEAR OR PICK-UP OF FOREIGN MATERIAL

Remove pump drives haft.
A. Remove snap rings.

8.

Tap lightly on input end of pump shaft with a soft hammer to remove the bearing and shaft. Press bearing from driveshaft.

C.

INSPECTION SECTION
1.

OF PUMP

)

Inspect control and trunnion shaft bearings and seals. Inspect thrust plate for scratches or wear. Replace all worn or damaged parts.

FIGURE 3-21

2.

INSPECTING CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLIES
The pump cylinder block and the motor cylinder block are identical. 1. Inspect the cylinder blocks for wear or pickup of foreign material. . Inspect the piston retainer for straightness. The retainer must be straight so the piston slipper surfaces will not wear uneven. Inspect the piston assembly. The lubricant hole must be free of obstruction and the slipper surface even. If the slipper surface has more than 1/32" taper, the cylinder block assembly must be replaced. FIGURE 3-22

2.

3.

INSPECT SLIPPER SURFACE FOR WEAR

Individual parts are not available for the cylinder blocks because of the close tolerances. If any problem is evident the complete cylinder block must be replaced.

LUBRICANT HOLE MUST BE FREE OF OBSTRUCTION FIGURE 3-23

as, or

& 1900 SERIES

Page 3~16 REV. 12/78

DRIVE TRAIN (Continued)
HYDROSTATIC REPAIR
CHECK VALVE "0" RINGS

DISASSEMBLY SECTION
1.

OF CENTER

Remove valve plates and valve plate locating pins. Remove gaskets. Remove bearings. Remove check valve "0" rings, pump side and check valves, motor side.

2. 3. 4.

o

1--- .:
FIGURE 3-24

C)

PUMP VALVE PLATE LOCATING PIN

PUMP SIDE OF CENTER SEC.TION

INSPECTION SECTION
1. 2.

OF CENTER

MOTOR VALVE PLATE LOCATING PIN CHECK VALVE ASSEMBLIES

Inspect bearings. Inspect check valves and check valve seats. Make sure check valves operate freely. Inspect back side of motor and pump valve plates for dirt or wear in the locating pin slots.

Q

3.

MOTOR SIDE OF CENTER SECTION FIGURE 3-25 INSPECT BOTH PUMP AND MOTOR VALVE PLATE PIN SLOTS FOR WEAR

PUMP AND MOTOR VALVE PLATE IDENTIFICATION
Since the pump cylinder block assembly only turns in the Left hand or clockwise rotation, the lead-ins in the pump valve plate are located for Left hand rotation only. The motor cylinder block assembly turns in both directions thus the motor valveplatsftastead-instor both right and Left hand rotation.

FIGURE 3-26

DRIVE TRAIN (Continued)
HYDROSTATIC
MOTOR VALVE PLATE LEAD~IN CHAMFERS

as, or
REPAIR
PUMP VALVE PLATE L.H. LEAD-IN CHAMFERS

& 1900 SERIES REV. 12/78

Page 3-17

FIGURE 3-27

FIXED SWASH PLATE

DISASSEMBLY OF MOTOR SECTION
1. Remove cylinder block assembly. Remove thrust plate. Remove Snap Ring (Later Models). Tap on internal end of motor shaft to remove shaft and bearing from housing. Press bearing from motor shaft. MOTOR SHAFT

2. 3.

4.

r:.....

5.

INSPECTION OF MOTOR
SECTION
1. Inspect thrust plate for scratches or wear. Replace all worn or damaged parts.

FIGURE 3-28

Ibs. 3. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC REPAIR 5. 5. MOTOR SECTION 1. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-18 REV. OF CENTER Install bearings into center section. Press bearing to shoulder on motor shaft. ASSEMBLY SECTION 1. 4. Install thrust plate onto motor housing swashplate. Install Snap Ring (Later Models).100 inch from polished surface. 6. 7. Align Splines of cylinder block assembly with splines of motor shaft and install into housing. 5. 3.QS. Install "0" rings to pump side of center section. Torque check valves to 10ft. Install motor shaft and bearing into housing. 2. The pump valve plate has two lead-ins and goes on the pump side of center section and the motor valve plate has four lead-ins and goes to the motor side of center section. 4. 2. LEGEND Cap Screw Bearing Motor Housing Thrust Plate Motor Shaft Cylinder Block Assembly Snap Ring (Later Models) FIGURE 3-29 ASSEMBLY SECTION 1. 2. Install valve plate pins and valve plates. printed end out. Bearings must protrude . 4. Use new gaskets on both sides of center section. Install check valves on motor side of center section. OF MOTOR 3. .

until flush to .. Bearing 6 13.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC CENTER SECTION 1. lettered edge out. l~ P !l!l-j 5 9: 11: . Center Section ~ ~ 19. Acceleration Valve Assembly 16. 2- 8all 3---Pipe Plugs 10 6 :. "0" Ring 16 0 17. 4. Place swash plate over driveshaft in-to housing. 5 e ~D "V" . 5. 12. Position pump housing with check valve passageways up. 6 FIGURE 3-30 MOTOR VALVE PLATE LEAD-IN CHAMFERS PUMP VALVE PLATE L. Press bearing on pump shaft to shoulder. 3. QS. Acceleration Valve Spring 15.H. 3. LEAD-IN CHAMFERS FIGURE 3-31 ASSEMBLY OF PUMP SECTION 1. 074 o~ l . "0" Ring 14. Install input shaft and bearing into housing. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-19 REV. Pump Valve Plate \J:f 4. Gaskets -~~ ~ 7 "0" Ring ~ 8 Back Up Ring / Free Wheeling Valve 11 10 Motor Valve Plate 12 Pin /. . Press bearings into housing.005" below lip seal recess of housing. 2. HexPlug 17 \ ~'tI 18. 12/78 REPAIR LEGEND Check Valve Cap "0" Ring Spring 1~@j\ /3 2 2.

CONTROL SHAFT 8. 21. I. 23. 27 /\!JJ I ~ 0\ ' '16 20 21 a' <- <. 9. 10. Hex Plug (Implement) 19. Install thrust plate to swashplate. '. 3. 13. @ O· ~ (It-3 I/ ~~ 5 6 ~ ({. 11 . PUMP SECTION 1. Align splines of cylinder block kit with input shaft splines and install into housing. ~ . . 26. ~ \. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC REPAIR 6. Insert shorter trunnion shaft Into housing and swashplate from left side and longer control shaft (small hole end) into housing and swash plate from right side. 6. 15. 4. 11 2 20.as.. one on trunnion shaft side. /7 ::~~~gRing 4 [0£L. 7. TRUNNION SHAFT / . Control Shaft 14. 27. or & 1900 SERIES Page 3-20 REV. 22.. FIGURE 3-32 CONTROL \ SHAFT 9.. \fY () __ ~.ff' > 19 24 I 6 I/ I I 25 FIGURE 3-33 . 24. "0" Ring Shim Pack Charge Relief Valve Spring Poppet Valve Implement Relief Valve Spring Hex Plug Filter Union 16 1~ Poppet Valve \~ Hex Plug (Charge) ~~ 9/ 12 13 14 \ ~~ ~ ~ Y:'? < '~ '- 22 <. 5. Trunnion Shaft 18. Cylinder Block Assembly Pump Shaft Key Thrust Plate Pin Pump Swashplate Snap Ring Bearing Snap Ring Pump Housing Pipe Plugs Bearing / 12. ONE ROLL PIN IS USED ON TRUNNION SHAFT " TWO ROLL PINS USED ON . 12\ 5 8 /" 10 17. Proper installation is when pins are 1/4" into swashplate. 7. 16. Install the spring roll pins. LEGEND 8. Two on control shaft side. 25. 2.

!J4''''*. NOTE: IF TORQUE EXCEEDS THIS AMOUNT... 6. SCRIBE LINES FOR . 2. Install the seal into the housing until seated. Install the input shaft bearing into the charge pump housing. 12/78 REPAIR Clean all parts and lubricate with new hydrostatic transmission fluid before assembly. and Motor sections properly. with the lettered side out. Bearing must be installed from the inside and be flush to . Install gerotor assembly over drive pin. 3. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3~21 REV. ~.005/1 below its bore. Be careful not to damage lip seal..DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE CHARGE PUMP OF as... Center.. MOTOR SECTION 4..PROPER POSITIONS DURING ASSEMBLY CHARGE PUMP SECTION FIGURE 3-35 . Install new "0" ring into housing groove. "!IiI •• I 5. Check the torque needed to turn the input shaft. PUMP SECTION~ CENTER SECTION FIGURE 3-34 2. output shaft. ~'-. 3. and control shaft Torque reading should not exceed 25 in..."'~ /~·tI ASSEMBLY OF HYDROSTATIC Align Pump. Ibs. Torque capscrews to 20 ft. lbs. ~. Install the 4 capscrews and torque to 35 ft.~.:. Install charge pump housing. . 1. Install drive pin into hole in input shaft. Ibs.HYDRO WILL HAVE TO BE DISASSEMBLED TO LOCATE BINDING.-.. <. 1. Press only on the outer edge.

SIDE GEARS FIGURE 3-36 The two pinion gears slide on the pinion shaft and are held in position by the side gears when the carrier is assembled. _-PINION SHAFT ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE OF THE CARRIER AND AXLE A snap ring is used to hold the side gears on the splined axle shafts.as. INSTALL A WEAR WASHER BETWEEN THE GEAR AND BULL GEAR HOUSING. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE TRANSAXlE Dismantle the complete transaxle assembly and inspect all the parts when performing internal repairs. or & 1900 SERIES 0 Page 3~22 REV. FIGURE 3-37 SNAP RING THRUST WASHERS FIGURE 3-38 . CAUTION: MAKE SURE THE SNAP RING IS SEATED PROPERLY IN THE GROOVE. NOTE: WHEN ASSEMBLING. AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 3-38. Follow the assembly procedures as shown in the next few pages. REPLACE OLD PINION GEARS WITH NEW GEARS. The pinion shaft is a slip fit into the machined grooves in the bull gear.

SEAT AXLE BEARING TO A DEPTH OF 1/32" (0. (41 N. If the clearance is greater than .005 to .76 mm) shims must be installed.m) BULL GEAR .DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) TRANSAXlE ASSEMBLY The carrier side plates hold the assembly together and are bolted with four 5/16-18 x 3-1/2" capscrews. The right side housing must be removed and the correct number of shims installed until end play is between . The end play should be . 12/78 w TORQUE TO 25 to 30 FT.010 (0.030 (0. Cluster gear end play can be checked between thrust washer and side of housing using a feeler gauge.44 T.005 to .13 to 0.79 mm) ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE TRANSAXLE HOUSING OF 49 Check needle bearings in side housings: If needles show signs of pitting or any other damage replace them. NOTE: ALWAYS INSTALL THE NEEDLE BEARINGS WITH THE STAMPED END (THE END WITH IOENTIM FICATION MARKINGS) AGAINST THE BEARING DRIVING TOOL. lbs. LBS.004 (0.10 mm) MIN. (34 to 40 N. or & 1900 SERIES Page 3 23 REV. These four bolts should be torqued to 30 ft.79 mm) FIGURE 3-40 .030 (0.m) CHECKING TRANSAXLE CLEARANCES Check cluster gear and axle shaft end play.76 mm). Use a needle bearing driver and seat bearing to a depth of 1132" (0. . as. END PLAY PINION SHAFT THRUST WASHER FIGURE 3-39 CARRIER ASSEMBLY BEVEL PINION SEAT SIDE HOUSING NEEDLE BEARING TO A DEPTH OF 1/32" (0.8 mm) below the mach ined surface. The axle shaft end play can be checked between the spacer and the carrier side plate.030 (0. A dial indicator may also be used.25 mm) MIN.76 rnrn).13 to 0. END PLAY.

Keep the Bearings clean. as illustrated. to keep the Bearing in line. INSTALL CORRECTLY DONT hammer a bearing into a housing! You are sure to damage the bearing. The punch should have a pilot. 3. or a similar method where possible.as. ing with on arbor pren usin". Don't guess at housing bore sizeget it from our cotalog. 1. CI pilot punch. Leave the grease on the outside of Bearing. DO press bearings into hous. Place the stamped end of the Bearing against the shoulder of the punch. ////// RESS RAM . as shown. tricky job and Is not necessary. DO . Do not wipe them. It is a tough. 4. First place round 01' plain end of beoring In housing: then use press against stomped end. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3~24 REV. Use an arbor press. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) TRANSAXlE ASSEMBLY BEARING INSTALLATION LUBRICANT DON'T try to wipe or wash the lubricant out of needle b~arings.n$tafl bearings with ori-::inallubricant left In them -more can be addl'd Clfter instQllation. because the unstamped end of the Bearing will lead best into the housing bore. 2.

chamfer end of shaft over which seal must pass. If shaft is already in place.000-It b. Lubricate sealing lip(s) With any light machine oil before installing Apply a light coat of any suitable Sealing Compound to 0. FIGURE 3-41 .. Be sure housing bore diameter. In cases where the completed machine is painted where seal is exposed..il"l ahort 7.-y-D"d .. 3. {2J llJbriC:GII bo. Be sure sealing lip has not been damaged. 4 sleeve is not possible. be sure temperature does not exceed operating temperature of seal to avoid injury to the sealing member. 0' pcn. 12/78 2. See "C" in Figure 3-60... keyways or holes use a sleeve as shown at "8" in Figure 3-60.. a tapered sleeve must be used made to the dimensions shown at "A" in Figure 3-60.DlS" LESS THAN HOUSIN G 01.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) Oil SEAL INSTALLATION OIL SEAL INSTALLATION 1. in. W'a.) When possible. keyway or holes should be rounded and lubricated with a heavy grease. use an arbor press to insert seal into housing.. mask area to prevent paint being deposited on shaft and sealing lip. the edges of the spline.. Install seal with lip facing medium to be sealed. 5. "e rl 9. It is desirable to seat seal against a shoulder in the bore to help prevent cocking 10. DRIVING TOOLS 0. tun btt-Dt •. REMOVE SHARP EDGES MOUNTING mfYf FOR USE WIn! 'LAIN SHAFTS SLEEVES HOTES. Be sure seal is not cocked when applying pressure..ibla 1"o1 "0(. . bore depth and shaft diameter are correct and within the recommended tolerances. Whenever possible. otherwise use a sleeve as illustrated at "A" or "8" in Figure 3-60. Press seal into housing with smooth uniform pressure applied by means of a pressfitting tool. 8. Provide radius or chamfer at housing bore entrance."'oft). When seal must pass splines. no special precautions are required other than removing all burrs and sharp corners from shaft... -1:1."_ '1. 6. When the shaft enters against the sealing lip.H Ihould b. When shaft is assembled from reverse side of sealing lip. If the use of an assembly QS~ QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-25 REV. 01 S lu . and tt.. 11. (The' reverse is used only when it becomes more important to exclude a medium than to retain it... Do00010' TO O.0. of seal to provide a margin of safety against seepage through the pressfit in housing bore... use a sleeve-type pressfitting tool. If paint is baked on. Extreme care must be taken to avoid depositing any compound on the sealing number. Inspect all surfaces for scratches or nicks.

12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) Needle housing to 1/16" counter bearings in end of axle should be seated 1132" (0. Make sure thrust washer is installed on cluster gear. To install bevel gear assembly and cluster gear they must be installed together in their normal position as they are meshed in the transaxle. and slide shafts into the needle bearings. If the cluster gear or pinion gear is replaced. A woodruff key is used to prevent the bevel gear from turning on the shaft. (40 N. Figure 3-44. The right side of the bevel gear must have a torrington bearing assembly. Bolt left side housing with axle assembly to the center housing.as. An arbor press should be used to . See Figure 343.m). Make sure new gasket has been installed and torque housing capscrews to 30 ft. AXLE SEAL Install carrier and axle assembly into the left side housing. The cluster gear must have a thrust washer and the axle FIGURE 3-45 . make sure part numbers are checked to assure proper gear ratio. Use a seal driver and drive seals until they bottom in axle housing counter bore. OT & 1900 SERIES Page 3~26 REV. The bevel gear can be removed from the shaft if replacement is necessary.8 to 1. See Figure 3FIGURE 3-42 LEFT SIDE HOUSING BEVEL GEAR FIGURE 3-43 FIGURE 3-44 45.6 rnrn) below bore for the axle seal. Be careful not to damage axle seal in end of housing. Figure 3-46. AXLE HOUSING NEEDLE BEARING ASSEMBLY - Axle seals should be replaced whenever unit is repaired. Ibs. press the bevel gear on and off the shaft.

:-~ -. If the clearance is greater than .~. GASKE~ . The axle shaft end play can be checked between the spacer and the carrier side plate.~ : d'.. .. •• : • .-. ..4 RACE..13-0.76 mm) 34 FT.005 to . ± 4 FT.....·~:t~-~i.030 THRUST RACE _ 2--~ft.10 TO 0._i.13 TO 0.SST. as.005 TO .------~.004 TO . j' '. ~ (~_:_. LBS." «: (0.\".13 TO 0.4 "..030 (0. CLUSTER GEAR -16T.:.030 (0. ..DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) TRANSAXlE ASSEMBLY shaft a spacer and torringon bearing assembly. The end play should be ..25 mm) NEEDLE BEARING _ 2 .005 to . After the bearings and spacers are installed.76 mm) -LH.··.:<.~-----.: :. - :1 !" ~BEVEl BORE FOR HVDROSTAT ·~THRUST ROLLER BEARING-1 THRUST RACE .i?+ SEAL . GASKET ".1 NEEDLE BEARING . PINION SHAFT -17T <.. Be careful not to damage axle seal.. ~~'_) ::.25 mm) ~::.<. "a:" "_ . The right side housing must be removed and the correct number of shims installed until end play is between .H.." d i . Cluster gear end play can be checked between thrust washer and side of housing using a feeler gauge. Figure 3-48. AND .. rr .10 TO 0.~'-~4Jr ':!:':.2 BACKLASH .. BACKLASH . Jp.. ~~:~~TG R_Oi~~~ ~: :-'=-llu lf~~~u u 1:I)..~ ·..S3T...END PLAY .·..::..• . .~~ I ·'M~~'=--~Sh_"""" {.1.2 1:'-"~ [~C' . QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3~27 REV.:'-\:---. CHECK AXLE CLEARANCE BETWEEN SPACER AND CARRIER SIDE PLATE £\tii F '1 vtJ~&.2 NEEDLE BEARING .005 TO .. Figure 3-47. .010 /:. Use a new gasket and torque capscrews to 30 ft.:_/ 1L'"'4-.76 mm).13-0.030 (0.:~ .. J(~ '. .VTiT1FE~~~':~ R.030 (0. ~-' K . lbs..../ ..~'. THRUST .'~. 12/78 )I CHECK CLUSTER GEAR CLEARANCE BETWEEN THRUST WASHER AND TRANSMISSION CASE CHECKING TRANSAXlE CLEARANCES Check cluster gear and axle shaft end play...-.m) FIGURE 3-49 .-. shims must be installed. LBS.. A dial indicator may also be used.' (0. ..76 mm).004 TO .'j'SPACER TORQUE TO _. /' . 1. SHIM FOR ~:~:: DIMENSION GEAR .... (47 N.76 mm).\ (0. (40 Nm)... the right side housing can be bolted in place.010 :'. ~..

H.QS. 2. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3-28 REV. Bull Gear Carrier Axle Gear 44T Hex Hd Screw 5/16-18 x 3-1/2 1.H. Transaxle Cover Lock Washer 5/16 Counterbore Capscrew 3/8-16 x 1 L. 24. 26.H. 20. 16.H. Dipstick Tube Transaxle Housing Oil Seal Needle Bearing Gear 56T Woodruff Key L.H. 13. 15. Axle Pinion Shaft L. 8. L. 25. 9. 7. .H. Axle Pinion Shaft Assy 25T Thrust Race Thrust Bearing 12. 21.H. 23. 17. 5. 29. 4. 18. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) TRANSAXlE ASSEMBLY 22. 28. Transaxle Cover R. 19. Cover Gasket Gear Ass'y 45T . 3. Cover Gasket Pinion 10T R. 11. 30. Bull Gear Carrier Gear 22T 27. 14.16T Dowel Pin Shim R. 10. 6.H. Retaining Ring Pipe Plug R.

3-52A). Make sure snap ring is properly installed in the groove. NOTE: IF FILTER IS INSTALLED OVER PROTECTIVE TAPE. nut (A). SUNDSTRAND 1. Torque 24 ft. 3-9).) . suction FIGURE 3~51 7. NOTE: BE CAREFUL VALVE. Tip the transaxle back and rest on a 6" (15 cm) block. Install screws hydro nut to the four mounting (0) to secure the and oil filter. On hydro package. 2. (32. NOT TO DAMAGE Install hydro and the three bolts. Connect hydraulic tube (E). 4.m).5 N.5 N. Install gasket onto hydro using grease to hold it in place. (Save longer bolt to attach neutral adjusting rod. bend the thin washer up around one or two of the flats on the nut to secure it. The snap ring should be replaced when it shows signs of weakness or distortion. When replacing the hydro package the bevel output gear must be removed from the old hydro and installed on the new one. Torque nut to 24 ft. NOTE: REFER TO OLD HYDRO FOR BOLT PATTERN TO LOCATE GASKET. 5. I nstall the three hydraul lc tube fittings. Install hydro to transaxle housing. 7. (32. 6. OIL PASSAGE WILL BE BLOCKED AND DAMAGE TO THE HYDRO WILL OCCUR. Do not tighten packing nuts so fittings can be adjusted to lines. 352) or a nut (fig. The bevel gear is held on with either an external snap ring (fig. QS. 4. 12/78 REINSTALLATION 3. Ibs. and bevel gear (8) on output shaft. Install roll pin into free wheeling valve. 3. HYDRO Remove protection cap from oil filter stud and stake stud to prevent it tram turning further into hydro during filter installation. Install the two oil line fittings and pick-up tube fitting (fig. Remove protective tape from oil filter pad on hydro. with nut holding bevel gear.m). Install spacer. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 3~29 REV. Install control arm assembly (C) to control shaft. 5. 6. Secure with nut and washer.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) HYDROSTATIC EATON HYDRO 1. 2.Ibs.

Install neutral adjusting rod and torque all four bolts to 31 tt: Ibs. or & 1900 SERIES ----~----------------~-----------------------------. Slowly roll transaxle between the two side frames.----------------------8. Torque to 60 ft. 1.m). (30 N. TRANSAXLE REINSTALLATION EATON HYDRO MODELS C. Position right and left hand brake rods on inside of frame rails. Slide drive shaft onto hydro shaft. Install two top transaxle mounting screws (F). Instal! new hydraulic 10 Ots. 11. Install the two hydraulic oil lines and lighten packing nut. 8.m). Lay lock plate rod (E) on top ot cross shaft (G). Connect two hydraulic to hydro and filter. 3.5 liter). Direct hydro control B. 4. Connect lock plate arm (E) to cross shaft arm.. . Page 3~30 REV. Install pick-up tube and lighten packing nut.as. lines 7. fluid. 5. 4/83 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) 9. 6. (42 Nm). Torque two top transaxle bolts to 23 tt. Ibs. Connect hydro control rod (D) to foot pedal arm with clevis pin and cotter pin. 2. Ibs. At the same time position the following: A. NOTE: A NEW OIL FILTER IS RECOMMENDED. Install linkage on control shaft and drive in roll pin to hold in place. (81 N. rod (0) toward arm (H). 10. Line up transaxle to frame and install the four axle mounting screws (I). 9. (9. Lay hydro control rod (D) over brake across -shaft (G). D.

18. until wheels stop. 16. Start engine and run at low RPM.DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) aS QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 3-31 REV. then back to Neutral. 17. in place (A) Figure 3FIGURE 3-55A 12. 4/83 J TRANSAXLE REINSTALLATION 10. & 15. shorten adjusting rod (B) Figure 3-55A or 3-55B. Remove spark plug or plugs from engine and motor engine for 15-20 seconds. See Figure 355C for seat switch connection. 11. Reinstall the seat. Restart engine. Add if necessary. reverse. FIGURE 3-55C . Actuate lift system. 14. Block up rear wheels. Secure tunnel 54. Tighten all hydraulic fittings. Recheck transaxle fluid level. If wheels continue to creep forward when in Neutral. Position the fender in place and connect the two wires to the seat switch and secure fender. Reinstall spark plug or plugs. Lengthen adjusting rod if wheels creep backwards. 13. press pedal forward. Check for interference around drive shaft and fan.

2. Check for 1/8" clearance between drive shaft and hydrostatic. Tighten set screw. Be sure "Quadrant to brake cross shaft" link is led up over brake cross shaft. Block up rear wheels. 4. Start engine and run at low RPM. Slide driveshaft onto hydro input shaft until hole lines up on engine crankshaft. install the 4 axle housing capscrews. 14. 6. Adjust engine mounts if necessary. 7. . Start capscrews and turn in fingertight. 16. Add if necessary. Recheck transaxle fluid level. Loosen pick-up tube line at hydro end. Fill transaxle asembly with approximately 10 quarts (9. Torque to 60 ft. 12/78 DRIVE TRAIN (Continued) TRANSAXLE REINSTALLATION SUNDSTRAND 1.20 seconds. Remove spark plug or plugs from engine and motor engine for 15 . Lay travel pedal control rod over brake cross shaft and aim rod toward travel pedal arm clevis. 11. Actuate lift system. Install bolt and nut and tighten. Line up transaxle with frame. lbs. shorten adjusting rod (C) Figure 3-57. 15. Restart engine. If wheels continue to creep forward when in Neutral. 17. FIGURE 3-56 put shaft and flywheel to achieve 1/8" (3 mm) clearance. 3. Place foot on implement hitch or place a 3/4" bar into implement hitchpin hole and begin rolling assembly into tractor frame. 10. Grease filter "0" ring and install hand tight only. Match one of the two top transaxle mounting holes with drift punch through front bracket. Balancing transaxle (with bar in hitch or foot on hitch) roll unit on in to engage driveline to hydro input shaft. then back to Neutral. press pedal forward.as. 9. or & 1900 SERIES Page 3-32 REV. 13. S. HYDRO MODELS Set transaxle back up into normal position. until wheels stop. Fill a new Bolens oil filter with hydrostatic fluid (type "F"). . reverse. Hook up quadrant link to brake cross shaft and secure with cotter key. 5. until fluid leaks out. Reinstall spark plug or plugs. Shims may be added between engine out12. Install treadle control rod clevis pin. Retighten.46 liter) of new hydrostatic fluid. Lengthen adjusting rod if wheels creep backwards. Lay the Right and Left hand brake rods on inside frame ledge. Reinstall Right and Left brake arm extensions and readjust brakes.

1. Loose fuel line fitting Carb float setting set too high Tighten fuel line Adjust float 2. 5. 3. Empty fuel tank Fuel filter plugged Refill tank Clean or replace fuel filter Clean out vent 2. 1. 6. Adjust float Install new air filter Tighten carburetor mounting screws 3.. High or low speed mixture adjustments off 1. 3. and install new fuel filter Check linkage. Choke linkage not working properly 2. FUEL SYSTEM :. 2. Carburetor out of adjustment Water in fuel system 5. 6. carburetor float setting etc. 2. 12178 TROUBLE SHOOTING PROBLEM Hard starting 1. as.GROUP IV. Clean fuel lines. 3. Gas tank vent plugged Carburetor leaks 1. PROBABLE CAUSE Fuel shut off valve closed 1. No fuel reaches carburetor Dirty air filter 7. 3. Incorrect float setting Dirty air filter Carburetor loose on engine block 2. Adjust carburetor - 4. 4. Clean system and refill with clean fuel Install new air filter 7. 1. Readjust carburetor 2. Open valve Check linkage and repair 2. . GUIDE REMEDY or & 1900 SERIES Page 4-1 REV. carburetor. 4. Engine starts but runs rough with low power output 1. Dirt in fuel system 3. Engine flooded 4.

SERVICING TYPICAL FUEL FLOW DIAGRAM AIR INTAKE FUEL-AIR MIXTURE INTO ENGINE FUEL FILTER FIGURE 4-1 FUEL TANK Fill with clean fresh gasoline of regular grade. Check to see that vent hole in fuel tank cap is no! plugged. Filter shape may change with different models.as. 4/83 FUEL SYSTEM (Continued) \ . FILTER FUEL FILTER (Figure 4-2) Remove and replace when dirty.. FUEL VALVE The fuel valve is located under the fuel tank as shown in Figure 4·1. This valve must be fully open for proper operation of the tractor. .) DO NOT MIX OIL WITH GASOLINE. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 4~2 REV. (For cold weather operation use winter blend gaSOline. REFUEL OUTDOORS WITH ENGINE STOPPED AND COOL.

Saturate foam pre-cleaner in engine oil. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 4-3 REV. On Models 1966 service Precleaner. Wash foam pre-cleaner in liquid detergent and water.. The dry type paper element is cleaned by gently tapping on a flat surface when doing this. MODEL 1666 0600101 A LA "A" MODEL 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0599999 ONAN ENGINE __.- MODEL 1966 KOHLER ENGINE . Wipe dirt or dust accumulation from cover including base plate where used. be careful not to damage gasket surfaces on element. disassemble and service air cleaner components every 50 hours of operation. Install foam pre-cleaner over paper cartridge. Figure 4-68. every 25 hours or more often under extreme dirty dusty conditions.. Reassemble cover and screw down tight. Remove foam pre-cleaner by sliding it off the paper cartridge. Do this more frequently (even daily) if extremely dusty or dirty conditions prevail. Wrap foam pre-cleaner in cloth and squeeze dry. IMPORTANT: DRY TYPE PAPER ELEMENTS SHOULD BE REPLACED AFTER 200 HOURS· REPLACE AT 100 HOURS IF ENGINE IS OPERATED UNDER DIRTY CONDITIONS. 4/83 Under normal operating conditions. Squeeze to distribute and remove excess oil.-. DO NOT attempt to clean dry type paper element in any liquid or with compressed air as this will damaged the paper filter material. AIR CLEANER FUEL SYSTEM (Continued) as.

12/78 Page 4-4 FUEL SYSTEM (Continued) SERVICING CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT ONAN ENGINE MODEL 1666 SIN 0100101 THRU 0599999 The carburetor has a main fuel (high speed) adjustment and an idle fuel adjustment. readjust them for smooth operation. Turn the screw to give approximately 1/32 inch (0. Do not open more than 1 12 turn beyond the maximum point of power.as. THE NEEDLE DOES NOT COMPLETELY SHUT OFF FUEL WHEN TURNED FULLY IN. Then. NOTE: BAFFLE MUST BE REMOVED TO ADJUST CARBURETOR. - . Set the th rottle stop screw (located on carburetor throttle lever) with no load connected and while running at a low speed setting. allow the engine to warm up. If the adjustments have been disturbed. Idle adjustment affects operation at idle or low speed conditions.8 mm) clearance between the screw and pin at idle. turn needles off their seats 1 to 1-1 18 turns to permit starting. If engine develops a "hunting" condition (alternate increase and decrease of engine speed). The main adjustment affects operation under high engine speed conditions. CAUTION: FORCING THE NEEDLE AGAINST ITS SEAT WILL DAMAGE IT. try correcting by opening the main adjusting needle a little more. Slightly more fuel may be needed(openabo~1/4turnfurthe0 when sudden load is applied. Open the main jet until the engine runs smooth under acceleration with no load. Under normal circumstances. Engine idle speed 1900 RPM. or & 1900 SERIES REV. Set the engine idle speed at 1900 RPM. Before final aojustrnent. Make the idle adjustment under no load. factory carburetor adjustments should not be disturbed.

Run engine at full throttle for about 5 minutes. With the engine thoroughly warmed up and running at full throttle (and full load if possible). When properly adjusted. Back screw out until engine regains speed and then slows down again (overrich setting). Turn "Idle Fuel Screw" clockwise until it bottoms lightly (DO NOT FORCE) then back out 1/2 to 3/4 turn. Turn screw back in until it is positioned halfway between lean and overrich settings. turn "MAIN FUEL" screw in until engine slows down (lean setting). then backout 2 turns. THE NEEDLE DOES NOT COMPLETELY SHUT OFF FUEL WHEN TURNED FULLY IN. Idle adjustment affects operation at idle or low speed conditions. turn solenoid "B" in or out of bracket "C" until idle speed of 2350 RPM is achieved. FORCI NG THE NEEDLE AGAINST ITS SEAT WILL DAMAGE IT. 12/78 Page 4-5 ADJUSTMENT FIGURE 4-10 . recheck above adjustments. as.FUEL SYSTEM (Continued) SERVICING CARBURETOR KOHLER ENGINE MODEL 1660 The carburetor has a main fuel (high speed) adjustment and idle fuel adjustment. Restart engine and loosen hex nut "A". then shut engine off. engine will accelerate smoothly and operate steady. If adjustments have been disturbed adjust carburetor as follows: Turn the "MAIN FUEL" needle in (clockwise) until it bottoms lightly (DO NOT FORCE). The main adjustment affects operation under high engine speed conditions. Under normal circumstances. let engine idle for about 1 minute. Retighten nut "A". If engine diesels. or & 1900 SERIES REV. factory carburetor adjustments should not be disturbed. see figure 4-10.

Rough idle is often due to idle speed screw (C) being set too low. If adjustments have been disturbed adjust carburetor as follows: Turn the "MAIN FUEL" screw (A) and IDLE fuel screw (B) in (clockwise) until it bottoms lightly (DO NOT FORCE). in the same manner for smoothest idle. Under normal circumstances. "An "C" "8" CAUTION FORCING THE NEEDLE AGAINST ITS SEAT WILL DAMAGE IT. Idle adjustment affects operation at idle or low speed conditions.QS. THE NEEDLE DOES NOT COMPLETELY SHUT OFF FUEL WHEN TURNED FULLY IN. A FIGURE 4-11 . turn "MAIN FUEL" screw in until engine slows down (lean setting). QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 4-6 REV. Check this also. 4/83 FUEL SYSTEM (Continued) SERVICING CARBURETOR MODELS 1966 AND 1666 SIN 0600101 AND LATER KOHLER ENGINE The carburetor has a MAIN fuel (high speed) adjustment (A) and an IDLE fuel adjustment (8). The main adjustment affects operation under high engine speed conditions. For preliminary setting back out Main fuel screw (A) 2-1/2 turns and IDLE fuel screw 1-1/4 turns. Adjust the IDLE fuel screw (B). engine will accelerate smoothly and operate steady. Turn screw back in until it is positioned halfway between lean and overrich settings. Back screw out until engine regains speed and then slows down again (overrich setting). When properly adjusted. With the engine thoroughly warmed up and running at full throttle (and full load is possible). factory carburetor adjustments should not be disturbed.

9. pressure can be applied to the front axle. Readjust drag link to center steering wheel. Front axle should pivot with a small amount of drag. By ad- 4. 1/8 (3mm) TO 3/8 INCH (10mm) FIGURE 5-2 LESS THAN AT REAR OF TIRES justing screws (A). Reading across front of tires should be 1/8 to 3/8 inch (. 2. 10.H. 5.GROUP V. Raise front of tractor and adjust as required.3/8-24 Flat Washer Lock Screw Ball Joint Hex Nut 5/8-18 Tie Rod OS. center line to center line. 3. Measure distance across rear of front tires. Measure distance across front of front tires. Knuckle Arm Flat Washer Castellated Nut . Nut -1/-20 Cotter Pin Woodruff Key Grease Fitting Spindle Assembly R. 16. center line to center line. Hand Ball Joint L.1/2-20 Flange Bearing R. Hand Ball Joint R.H. 15. -.9 cm) less than across the rear of tires. 4/83 8. 20. Nut . 6. CHASSIS STEERING ASSEMBLY LEGEND FRONT AXLE ASSEMBLY 1. Figure 5-2. 18. 7. 13.H.H.H. 3. Front Axle Tie Rod L. 1 7. 14. Turn steering wheel so that front wheels are straight ahead. 11. 4. FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT 1. If adjustment is necessary loosen lock nuts on tie rod and turn tie rod in or out as required. Knuckle Arm L. DRAG LINK TlEROD~ 2. . OT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 5-1 REV. 19. After adjustment is obtained tighten hex lock nuts securely. FRONT WHEEL ADJUSTMENT Models 1666 SIN 1000101 and later and 1966 An adjustment has been provided on the front axle to cut down on excessive engine vibration.H.3 to . 12.

FIGURE 5-4 STEERING GEAR REBUILDING Disassemble and replace bevel pinion and the 2 sector shaft bushings. Remve left footrest lier units. 12.62) ARE AVAILABLE TO OBTAIN FREE MOVEMENT THROUGH SECTOR ARC WITH MINIMUM BACKLASH. Slide steering shaft through support and slide on shim washers removed in step 11 above. 5-3. QT & 1900 SERIES REV. REASSEMBLY 1. Observe back lash while rotating sector. 10. on ear- 4.as. 11. 5. 12/78 Page 5-2 CHASSIS (Continued) STEERING ASSEMBLY REMOVAL 1. Slide sector gear (D) off of steering shaft (E). Slide steering shaft (E) out. Disassemble steering support from frame if needed. 6. 3. 4. Slide on sector gear and rotate under pinion gear. Rotate pinion gear (C) to left until sector (D) drops toward engine. 8. Slide washers (F) onto steering shaft. 3. NOTE: TWO NYLON WASHERS (SHIMS 1709224(~031) AND 1725069 (0. NOTE: A PUNCH CAN BE USED TO PARTIALLY REMOVE KEY. 9. Remove washers (F) from steering support and save. Remove key from steering shaft. . 2. negative battery Close petcock. Some force may be needed to slide gear off. FIGURE 5-3 7. Install pinion shaft in steering support casting. 2. Disconnect cable. remove sector shaft and install nylon washer. Position lift in down position. If excessive. Fasten steering frame. support to Slide steering shaft (E) through support. disconnect fuel line at filter and remove fuel tank. Crank engine to move lift into down position. Remove stop nut (A) Figure Remove front tie rod ball joint (8) Figure 5-4.

Tighten nut until it snugs up against the outer bearing. Replace if necessary. 6. Spin wheel to align bearings. Reinstall front ball joint (B). 11 . 7. WHEEL HUB ASSEMBLY 5. wise till chalk mark is straight forward. place a chalk mark on pinion shaft facing you. a 8. S. If this seal is damaged in any way replace it. 2 MODELS 1660 & 1666 3. 7. 12. Install outer bearing. Dry with compressed air or clean cloth. Rotate steering wheel clock- 9. (Model QS & QT SIN 0100101 THRU 0599999) Remove wheel (5) and hub assembly (6) from spindle. Pack bearings with a good grade of wheel bearing grease. With the Bolens steering cap logo in its normal level reading position. Ball joints on tie rod should be 19-1/4" (49 cm) apart. 4/83 Insert key into shaft (E) and slide steering sector (0) on shaft Run stop nut (A) onto shaft and secure. Turn steering wheel to left and engage pinion. Remove cotter pin (2) and unscrew slotted nut (3). OT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 5-3 REV. Remove inner bearing (8) from hub. 13. then back nut off to nearest sial in line with hole in spindle and install new cotter pin. Remove the dust cap (1). Install wheel and hub assernbly to spindle. lnstall inner bearing and seal into hub. OS. Rotate sector gear into mesh with pinion gear. Keep rotating till pinion is in the center of sector gear (0). MODELS 1666 SIN 0600101 and later & 1966 FRONT WHEEL BEARINGS Front wheel bearings should be repacked at least once a year. 9. Clean bearings in a cornrnercial solvent. Check both for wear or pitting. Remove outer bearing (4}. Clean both inner race (9) and 10. 10. Do not spin the bearing with compressed air. Remove seal (7) from hub. Damage to the bearing could result. 1. Install dust cap. SIN 0100101-0599999 4. outer race (10). 6.CHASSIS (Continued) STEERING ASSEMBLY 5. FIGURE 5-5 . 14.

4. To move toe of pedal farther away from operator. "C f ' 5. After desired adjustment is reached. Lock hex nut "A" Figure 5-6 or 5-6A. align hole in pedal end of rod "C" with hole in control arm and secure with pin "8" or rod "0" and cotter pin. When the brake pedal is depressed. I STEERING ASSEMBLY TRAVEL PEDAL The travel pedal angle can be adjusted for the operator's comfort. FIGURE 5-6A DISC BRAKES If the brake linkages have been disassembled for any reason readjust as follows: The brake system on these tractors has a "Neutral" interlock built into it. To bring toe of pedal closer to operator. If the parking brakes are locked the transmission is also locked in "Neutral". 1. 4/83 CHASSIS (Continued) \. 'FIGURE 5-6 3. 2. Remove pin or rod from control arm Figure 5-7 or 5-7A. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 5-4 REV. . Loosen nut "A" 5-6A. pin "An Figure 5-8 moves into slot "8" of lock plate "C" moving the transmission controls into the "Neutral" position.as. Figure 5-6 or "e" Remove cotter pin from pin 8 or rod D. lengthen rod "C". shorten rod "C" Figure 5-6 or 5-6A.

(203 N. Adjust nuts "E" Figure 5-9 on brake rods to contact arm extension assemblies. TORQUE TO 150 FT. THE BRAKE PADS Remove brake assembly "F' Figure 5-10 from tractor. and arms "D" Figure 5-9 to the rear of the slot in the tractor frame. 3. 2. BRAKE PAD ADJUSTMENT o TO . NOTE: BE SURE TO ADJUST THE BRAKES ON BOTH WHEELS eQUALLY TO AVOID UNEVEN BRAKiNG. 12/78 2. With the brakes fully released. Reverse the above procedure to reassemble. Remove one of the bolts "G" Figure 5-9 which hold the brake pads in the bracket.m) FIGURE 5-10 . Lock the brake pedal in this position. Depress brake pedal until pin "A" Figure 5-8 of control just enters slot "8" of lock plate.CHASSIS (Continued) BRAKE ASSEMBLY 1. 4.010 (0 TO 0. QSJ QT & 1900 SERIES Page 5~5 REV. Move brake arms "0" Figure 5-9 forward to remove brake pad/disc clearance. The brake pads can now be removed. LBS. CHECK FOR PROPER OPERATION.2 mm) 3. adjust the length of arms (D) to clear center section casting of transaxle. REPLACING 1.

6 cm). A seat switch is located .as. pin (A) should just be in slot (8) of lever (C) Figure 5-11. The switch can also be activated by raising the seat and lifting the interlock button (I) up. If not loosen. (Models 1666 SIN 0500101 and later & 1966) I 2. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 5-6 REV. If switch does not activate adjust as follows: (Model 1666 SIN 0100101 thru 0199999) Loosen hex nuts "D" Figure 5-12 and move switch support "E" either forward or rearward until proper adjustment is obtained . 4/83 CHASSIS (Continued) INTERLOCK SWITCHES ) INTERLOCK 1. . When brake pads contact disc. FIGURE 5-12 FIGURE 5-13 . under the seat. . bracket (H) and move to correct location. (Model 1660 & 1666 SIN 0200101 thru 0499999) Adjust clip (F) Figure 5-14 on brake rod till switch activates. To check adjustment depress brake pedal. SWITCHES One switch is on the brake linkage. This switch should be activated when back edge of seat support (G) Figure 5-13 is depressed 5/8" (1.

3. install new belts as follows: 1. 0400101 and up. 2. into the "On" position. (8). Should it become necessary to replace Attachment Drive belts. MAKE SURE IDLER IS ALIGNED BEFORE NEW BELTS ARE INSTALLED_ MODEL 1660 (OS. Place attachment drive fever into the "Off" position. 4/83 MODEL 1660 1666 SIN 01 thru 04 "F" Place switch in OFF position. . Remove hood.. Place attachment drive lever 3. IF THIS PROBLEM EXISTS.CHASSIS (Continued) POWER TAKE-OFF (P. Outside idler (see figure 5-15) Serial No. Remove spring (C) and cable for attachment drive control. FIGURE 5-15 MODEL 1660 E "0''- 2. 5. NOTE: SHREDDING OF BELTS IS GENERALL Y CAUSED BY A MISALIGNED IDLER PULLEY. Unhook spring (A) Figure 5-5 from idler arm. Reverse the above procedure to install the new belts. as.) MODEL 1666 (OT16) Inside idler (not shown) Serial No's 0100101 thru 0399999.O. FIGURE 5-14 4. Remove cotter pin (A) Figure 5-16 and pin in lower brake shoe pivot and drop shoe.16) Should it become necessary to replace Attachment Drive belts. Remove old belts. 5. install new belts as follows: 1. Remove hood. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 5-1 REV.T. "B" FIGURE 5-16 4.

_~/_O_"B_" _ "A" FIGURE 5-17 ___. Test control for proper -belt tension. Move brake shoe up in slots until there is . 7.. (D). Remove four locknuts (B) and remove brake plate mounting. bolt from center Remove sheave and armature assembly..... 3. ------IL.. Remove rotor assembly.~. BRAKE SHOE ADJUSTMENT MODEL 1660 (QS-16) Should the Attachment Brake need adjustment as follows: 1. 2.T.as. MODEL 1660 2...l. 8..) 6.012 inch clearance between the brake shoe and the rim of the Attachment Drive Sheave.----- I __ ..I~J. . ATTACHMENT DRIVE BRAKE ADJUSTMENT MODEL 1666 (QT-16 & OT-17) & 1966 REMOVAL NOTE: DO NOT USE WHEEL PULLER TO REMOVE CLUTCH/BRAKE. Disconnect polarized plug (A) Figure 5~19 from clutch. MODEL 1660 Reverse above procedure to install new belts.._____ CABLE ADJUSTMENT Should the belts on the attachment drive slip adjust as follows: 1...O. 4/83 or & 1900 CHASSIS (Continued) POWER TAKE-OFF (PDT.L-L -~ -"""1/ r. Loosen the two capscrews "A" Figure 5-17 on the Left side of the tractor console. SERIES TRACTORS Page 5-8 REV.. BRAKE ADJUSTMENT HAS BEEN DISTURBED WHILE REPLACING THE BEL T5 READJUST AS SHOWN. /1 II ffY 1-.O. Remove mounting of crankshaft./ - -~---l __ ------~~~~--~~7. Remove idler spring Remove old belts.:---- NOTE: IF THE P. LO /0)-----. Drive proceed FIGURE 5-18 Loosen two hex nuts and capscrews "A" Figure 5-18.J.. Move bracket "8" down in slots.

or & 1900 SERIES Page 5-9 REV. This can be accomplished as follows: Position a . remove with a cleaning fluid such as barcothene. the following procedure is recommended prior to its use. The clutch/brake is now ready for continuous.25 mm) and a maximum of . 12/78 INSTALLATION Position coil assembly on engine piloting in crank-shaft seal bore.. E NOTE: ALLOW ENGINE DRIVEN ATTACHMENTS TO COME TO A COMPLETE STOP BETWEEN ON·OFF CYCLES. Insert key into keyway in shaft Push rotor and armature assembly with pulley onto engine shaft until hub bottoms on crankshaft shoulder.38 mm) thick shim in each slot provided (4) in brake flange and turn on clutch/brake. Place plain washer and lockwasher on clutch mounting capscrew.51 mm) should be maintained. Reconnect coil assembly lead to lead from switch making certain connection is secure and wire is not rubbing against rotating parts. Install capscrew into tapped hole in center of crankshaft. burrs and dirt from engine shaft with sandpaper. TUrn clutch/brake off and remove (4) shims.020" (0. Install the four brake mounting studs into engine block. pour a generous quantity of cleaning fluid between working surfaces. Remove coil assembly from engine. and put throttle in fast position. Secure with tour 10-32 x 1/2 socket capscrews and Jockwash ers. as. / FIGURE 5-19 MAINTENANCE Remove rust. engaging and disengaging driven attachments. Hold clutch from rotating.015" (0. trouble-free duty. If the clutch/brake has not been used over a long period of time.O.T. Start tractor engine. Apply light coat of grease or oil to shaft.CHASSIS (Continued) POWER TAKE . Alcohol or ammonia are acceptable substitutes. . Recheck gap through the slots provided. Push on the brake flange until it bottoms out.010" (0. c. b. a. Tighten the (4) locknuts until they just contact brake flange. (CAUTION: Do not over torque locknuts as damage to brake flange may result). The brake portion may require readjustment periodically depending upon unit usage. Turn clutch/brake switch on and off six times. A minimum of . Once the clutch/brake has been installed. Adjust brake as described under maintenance. The unit is self-adjusting for wear and never requires lubrication. With engine off.OFF (P. Position gearshift in neutral position. the clutch portion requires no further maintenance.) Remove four 10-32 x 1/2·socket head capscrews and lockwashers securing coil assembly to crankcase. while tightening capscrew. Place compression springs on brake mounting studs. If oil or grease contaminate clutch working surfaces.

T.010" .25 . b. CLUTCH SPECIFICATIONS 1666 0100101 to 0199999 1666 & 19660200101 Voltage Resistance Current Draw and later 12 VDC 2.8 Amps POLARIZED PLUG ONE OF FOUR CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT WINDOWS ---=='~~~ COIL ROTOR USE LOCTITE PIPE SEALANT ON TWO LOWER STUDS BRONZE WASHER .015 CLEARANCE AT EACH OF FOUR WINDOWS TORQUE ALL FOUR MOUNTING STUDS TO 20 FT. ELECTRIC P. NOTE: REMOVE GREASE OR OIL FROM CLUTCH/BRAKE ~ WORKING SURFACES AS OUTLINED UNDER MAINTENANCE. This is done by inserting a feeler gauge in the (4) slots provided in the brake flange. Check armature/ rotor air gap. Attachment should turn freely. 4/83 CHASSIS (Continued) POWER TAKE-OFF (P..) TROUBLESHOOTING Electrical Data See wiring diagram in the electrical section of this manual.3 ohms. EACH FIGURE 5-20 .5 Ohms 4. readjust brake as described under maintenance. A normal resistance reading should be between 3. Check wiring system for an intermittent break or poor electrical connection. LBS. The gap should be between . The field assembly should then be replaced.0 and 2.010/. look for broken wires or connect cl utch lead and check resistance reading of clutch coil. check for loose belts.O. Engine driven attachment rotates slower than normal.as. If the gap is greater.2 Ohms Current Draw 3.0. Inspect engine driven attachment with clutch bel! removed. If voltmeter does not register a reading.Check electrical system for broken wires or bad connections.O. Voltmeter should read more than 10 volts. Check voltage at clutch lead.7 Amps Voltage 12 VDC Resistance 3.T. Clutch does not engage . QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 5~10 REV. Check clutch/brake pulley grooves for grease or oil. A reading outside these values indicates a faulty coil. a. Check clutch/brake working surfaces for grease or oil.020" (0.51 mm) with the clutch/brake switch in the "off" position.

4.. No charge pressure 3. HYDRAULIC SYSTEM TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE QS~ QT & 1900 SERIES Page 6-1 REV.GROUP VI. 5. Load drops when control valve is in neutral position 1. 7. . 6. Repair lift valve 1. Implement relief valve stuck open (Sundstrand) Weak Implement relief spring (Sundstrand) Oil line leaking Malfunctioning Malfunctioning lift valve lift cylinder 3. Check level and refill Check valve. clean or replace if necessary Replace spring 2. Repair lift cylinder 2. Install gage and check pressure 2. 12/78 PROBLEM Hydraulic lift inoperative PROBABLE CAUSE REMEDY 1. Replace hose 2. Oil leaking past lift cylinder "0" rings 3. 7. Replace line Repair or replace valve Repair or replace cylinder 6.. Replace "0" rings Lift valve or lift cylinder leaking 1. 5. Leaking hose from valve to cylinder 1. System low on oit 1. Lift valve "0" rings leaking Leaking "0" rings 3. 4.

FIGURE 6-1 EATON CYLINDER OIL FILTER HYDROSTATIC HOSE ASSEMBLED CONTROL VALVE FIGURE 6-2 ... 12/78 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (Continued) SUNDSTRAND HYDROSTATIC TRANSMISSION LIFT CYLINDER ~ HOSE ASSEMBLIES I I ~ \ ~~ #.as. TRANSAXLE AND SUMP ASSEMBLY FLOW INDICATION VALVE IN "UP" POSITION OR CYLINDER RETRACTED VALVE IN "DOWN" POSITION OR CYLINDER EXTENDED . or & 1900 SERIES Page 6-2 REV...

To check the hydrostatic pressure install a tee hydraulic fitting between hydrostatic port (A) Figure 6·2 and existing hydraulic tube. Load too heavy.1. (3100 .S. The pressure reading should be no less than 450 P. Hydraulic Hydraulic leaking. move the hydraulic control valve lever to the lift position until the hydraulic cylinder reaches the end of its travel. QT & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 6-3 REV. valve or cylinder 3. 4/83 TESTING HYDRAULIC SYSTEM EATON MODELS The hydrostatic and lift pressure can be checked using a pressure gauge which reads at least 1000 P. cylinder or If the pressure reading is below 450 to 500 P. Plugged oil filter or pickup tube line. Restriction in line from hydro to hydraulic cylinder.S. To check the lift pressure. check the following: 1.HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (Continued) QS. Malfunctioning valve. 2.S.S. (3100 . Start engine and run for 5·10 minutes. (6890 kPa). . ± 50 (964 kPa). System low on oi l.1.S. Connect pressure gauge to hydraulic tee.3790 kPa) and the hydraulic cylinder does not operate. At full RPM the pressure reading should be 140 P. oil line leaking.3790 kPa) and the hydraulic cylinder does not operate properly. If the pressure reading is 450 to 550 P.1. check the following: 1. 2.1. 3. (3100 kPa). 4.1.

3. refer to the drive train. 2.and the hydraulic cylinder does not operate. If the valve or spring is pitted.S. Group Ill.QS~ QT & 1900 SERIES _________ Page 6-4 REV.P.and the hydraulic cylinder does not operate. wore uneven. 1 SHIM . The relief valve spring could be too weak or the valve not seating properly. Malfunctioning cylinder or valve. The pressure reading should be no less than 550 P.' '"'" } TESTING HYDRAULIC SYSTEM SUNDSTRAND MODELS The implement pressure can be checked using a pressure gauge which reads at least 1000 P. check the following: 1.012" IN THICKNESS Will INCREASE PRESSURE APPROXIMATELY 50 P. Move the hydraulic control valve lever to the tift position until the hydraulic cylinder reaches the end of its travel. Malfunctioning relief valve. System Iowan oil. 2. For further information on trouble shooting the hydrostatic.. . If the pressure reading is below 550 to 800 P.S.S.I.L.I. 12/78 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (Continued) .I. If no pressure reading is picked up on the gauge the charge pump relief valve could be stuck open or the charge pump inoperatlve. 4. NOTE: SHIMS ARE AVAILABLE TO INCREASE IMPLEMENT RELIEF VALVE PRESSURE. CHECKING THE IMPLEMENT RELIEF VALVE Remove the implement relief valve from the hydro Figure 6-4 and inspect for a damaged valve or distorted spring. Restriction in line from hydro to hydraulic cylinder. Load too heavy. If the pressure reading is below 550 to 800 P.. Plugged oil filter or pickup tube line.M.1. replace.S.I. . Hydraulic oil line leaking. 5. To check the implement pressure install the gauge into the hydrostatic Figure 6-3. implement Hydraulic valve or cylinder leaking. 3.S. or distorted. check the following: 1. Start the engine and run at full R.

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (Continued) HYDRAULIC POWER LIFT ALL MODELS REPAIRING THE HYDRAULIC CYLINDER FIGURE 6-3 To remove the piston rod assembly (A) from the cylinder. Cylinder Head 9. as. 12178 / HYDRAULIC CYLINDER 1. "0" Ring 14. Ring Washer 5. cylinder head. ) When the piston rod assembly is removed from the cylinder tube hex nut (0) can be loosened and the piston. Oil Seal 3. "0" Ring 6. must be removed. FIGURE 6-5 LEGEND 2. and related "0" rings and ring washers removed. IMPORTANT: Grease "0" rings to prevent damage during assembly. Ring Washer 7. which goes through hole (C) in the cylinder tube. Hex Nut 15. Snap Ring 4. Remove 900 elbow from cylinder tube. Ring Washer 10. Piston 13. "0" Ring 11. Piston Rod Assembly 2. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 6-5 REV. FIGURE 6-6 . the internal snap ring (8) and the hose fitting. Cylinder Tube A PISTON ROD REMOVAL 1. Pull the piston rod out until it is fully extended. Ring Washer 12. Pinch snap ring together and pull on piston rod until the assembly slides out of the cylinder housing. All parts should be inspected and new "0" ring's installed. 3. "0" Ring 8.

FIGURE 6-7 REPAIRING THE HYDRAULIC CONTROL VALVE The hydraulic control valve regulates and changes the direction of oil flow to the hydraulic cylinder when the control lever is actuated. Be careful not to lose the spring loaded detent plug. Small burrs and scratches can be removed from the spool with fine emery cloth. To remove the spool from the valve remove the capscrew in the end of the spool. Remove the spool by pushing it out the lever end of the valve body. flat washer and spring guides. 12/78 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (Continued) HYDRAULIC POWER LIFT I ~~d~ I I I OUTLET LIP SEALS O~O ---0 DETENT ASSEMBLY {! I I INLET RELIEF VALVE ASSEMBLY I SPOOL . This end has a chamfer in the bore which is a lead for the packings.. guide sleeve. "Lip Seals" are used on the spool to provide a seal in the bore. Repair lip seals are available for the control valve. spring. If the spool or valve body is damaged the complete valve assembly must be replaced. Clean all parts before assembly. ASSEMBLY 1. 3. Lubricate seals and insert spool with seals into valve body. DISASSEMBLY The spool is matched to the bore in the valve body.as. 2. Install the spool into the valve body from the lever end. Install flat washer. spring. 4. Be careful not to damage seals. spring. the detent ramp. QT & 1900 SERIES M Page S 6 REV. Install new lip sea! rings onto spool with the opening towards the inside of spool. Install detent. ad- . Secure to spool with capscrew and lockwasher. justing screw and jam nut into detent housing of valve body. spring guide and detent ramp onto end of spool.

3. 3. Tight tappet clearance Backfiring 1. 6. Fuel mixture too lean Improper timing 7. Replace pump 9. 3. Adjust tappets 1. Clogged or filter fuel line high 3. Adjust gap or replace 4. or & 1900 SERIES REV.5. 6. shroud or cooling fins Improper fuel 2. Insufficient available cool air Dirty air intake screen. Clean and refill tank with proper fuel 4. Check fuel line or filter Check and repair wire lead . Loose or grounded tension wire points 5. Worn or burnt breaker 7.GROUP Vila ENGINE GUIDE as. 2. Engine overchoked 2. Replace breaker points 7. Make sure area in front of flywheel is open Clean intake screen. Loose or grounded Overheating 9. Valve "sticking" . Close fuel petcock and engage starter until engine fires Reopen fuel petcock Readjust or clean carburetor plug 1. 2. Replace condenser - B. 12/78 Page 7-1 TROUBLE SHOOTING PROBLEM Hard starting of power or loss PROBABLE CAUSE REMEDY 1. Faulty condenser 6. 7. h v. Faulty spark plug or 4. 4. Carburetor improperly improper dirty or adjusted gap 2. 3. shroud and cooling fins 1. Faulty fuel pump break point wire leads B. 6. Adjust carburetor Reset timing Lessen work load Fuel mixture too lean Improper ignition timing Engine overloaded 5. 2. Adjust carburetor Reset timing Free up valve 3. Check and replace 1.

Use recommended spark plug Improper timing 1. 3. Spark plug gap too wide 2. 3.QS. Adjust" idle speed 2. Clogged fuel line 2. Adjust spark plug gap 2. 12/78 ENGINE (Continued) TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE (Continued) PROBLEM Skip at high speed PROBABLE CAUSE REMEDY 1. Clean fuel system Replace choke control Adjust carburetor Clean arid tighten ignition connections Tighten manifold and carburetor Clean gas cap vent Replace fuel pump - 5. Improper carburetor setting or lack of fuel Wrong type spark plug. 4. 4. 1. 3. 6. Clean fuel line 2. Replace gaskets . 1. Vent in gas cap plugged 8. 6. Engine will not idle Fuel pump faulty Improper carburetor idling adjustment Carburetor clogged Spark plug gap set too close Leaking carburetor or manifold gaskets 8. Reset timing 1. Clean carburetor Adjust spark plug gap 4. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 7·2 REV. Refill tank and adjust carburetor Install correct spark plug 3. 2. 7. Operating erratically 4. 4. 5. Water in fuel Faulty choke control Improper fuel mixture Loose ignition connections 1. 3. 3. . 4. Air leaks in manifold or carburetor connections 7.

Remove the top screws and loosen bottom screws from the top panel Right and Left support brackets. P. NOTE: IF THE RUBBER ENGINE MOUNTS HAVE BEEN REMOVED FOR ANY REASON. 5. A SEPARATE MANUAL COVERING ENGINE REPAIR IS AVAILABLE. 12. C. 12/78 Page 7 3 3. Disconnect NEGATIVE battery cable. NOTE: BOTH IN AND OUT OF WARRANTY REPAIR OF THE ONAN BF ENGINE AS USED IN THE OT16 TRACTOR CAN BE PERFORMED BY AUTHORIZED BOLENS DEALERS. Tighten four engine mounting bolts securely. Reinstall driveline and insert staybolt into engine shaft. . as. INSPECT HYDRO INPUT SHAFT AND KEY. Remove hood and side panels. B965-250 FROM YOUR NORMAL PARTS SOURCE. IDLER SPRING FIGURE 7-2 LOWER CENTER IS THE "FRONT" MOUNT AND THE MORE FLEXIBLE MOUNT WITH THE HIGHER CENTER IS THE "REAR" MOUNT. 6. 7.ENGINE (Continued) ENGINE REMOVAL OT-16 ONAN ENGINE REMOVAL AND REINSTALLATION 1. CHECK RUBBER MOUNTS FOR DAMAGE OR FATIGUE CRACKS. BEFORE REINSTALLING ENGINE. 4. 13. choke and throttle cables. Close fuel tank petcock and disconnect fuel line al fuel pump. THE MORE RIGID MOUNT WITH THE 14. Remove drive shaft. Set engine and cradle assembly into frame on the 4 mounting brackets and insert bolts loosely. Run engine before reinstalling side panels and hood. coil. CAUTION: Recheck routing of alternator leads to prevent abrasion.T. Unhook gas line at bottom blower housing clip. B. INSPECT ENGINE SHAFT AND KEY. NOTE: A. 11. 2. ORDER FORM NO.O. LOOSEN LOWER SCREW EACH SIDE AND SWING BRACKET FORWARD AND DOWN 9. 10. Remove the 4 rubber mount bolts and driveline staybolt. Unhook PTO idler spring and remove PTO belts. Install PTO belts and position spring. Remove air cleaner assembly. Raise engine and cradle assembly up and out of tractor frame. or w & 1900 SERIES REV. COAT BOTH WITH NEVER-SEEZ BEFORE REINSTALLING. 'Pivot brackets forward and down. alternator and starter cable. S. Disconnect electric clutch.

3. altern ato r-I gnilion can nect ors and starter cable. NOTE: IF THE RUBBER ENGINE MOUNTS HAVE BEEN REMOVED FOR ANY REASON. Tighten four engine mounting bolts securely. 2. REMOVE TO SCREW ON EACH SIDE ENGINE. 5. 12/78 ENGINE {Continued} }- ENGINE REMOVAL OS-16 KOHLER ENGINE REMOVAL AND REINSTALLATION 1. Close fuel valve and unhook fuel tank hold down spring. Right rear carries extra halfnut to attach electrical ground. Disconnect fuel line at fuel pump inlet. 12. Disconnect PTO clutch return spring. Remove the 4 rubber mount bolts and drives haft staybolt. LOOSEN LOWER SCREW EACH SIDE AND SWING BRACKET FORWARD DOWN 7. With clutch lever in "ON" position. 11. CHECK RUBBER MOUNTS FOR DAMAGE OR FATIGUE CRACKS. 4.QS. 9. C.BE PERFORMED BY AN AUTHORIZED KOHLER DEALER. Set engine and cradle assembly into frame on the 4 mounting brackets and insert bolts loosely. INSPECT HYDRO INPUT SHAFT AND KEY. . Hold driveshaft at hydro to prevent damage to fan as rear joint clears hydro input shaft. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 7-4 REV. With clutch lever in "OFF" position. 8. Reinstall drive line and insert staybolt into engine shaft. fuei filter and complete fuel line from tractor. Run enqlne and observe belt guide behavior before reinstalling side panels and hood. 14. NOTE: A. Remove fuel tank. 6. Raise engine and cradle assembly up and out of tractor frame. remove belts from pulleys. Remove driveshaft. brake band and linkages. 10. 13. 15. B. Reinstall PTa belts. INSPECT ENGINE SHAFT AND KEY. remove cotter pin and washer at lower Right Hand brake anchor stud and remove brake band from stud. Disconnect headlight. Remove hood and side panels. Disconnect NEGATIVE battery cable. THE MORE RIGID MOUNT WITH THE LOWER CENTER IS THE "FRONT" MOUNT AND THE MORE FLEXIBLE MOUNT WITH THE HIGHER CENTER IS THE "REAR" MOUNT. Disconnect choke and throttle cables. Slide driveline forward on engine shaft. Remove belt idler pivot bolt from axle bolster and remove complete idler arm assembly. COAT BOTH WITH NEVER-SEEZ BEFORE REINSTAlliNG. BEFORE REINSTALLING NOTE: IN WARRANTY REPAIR OF THE KOHLER K341 AOS ENGINE MUST . 16.

17 & K.T. 7. Remove drive shaft bolt.T. (31 N. B. INSPECT ENGINE SHAFT AND KEY. Remove air cleaner from engine. 6. (E) and pivot away from engine (if equipped). COAT BOTH WITH NEVER-SEEZ BEFORE INSTALLING. Take note the position of the ground wires. nsn "e" FIGURE 7-5 '0" 8. Pull through shield. alternator-ignition connectors and starter cable (C). Close fuel valve and disconnect fuel line from filter at engine side (0). Remove fuel tank. (5. 2. . 17. 10.ENGINE (Continued) ENGINE REMOVAL as. Reverse the above procedure when reinstalling engine. A. Disconnect right rear engine support (F). Raise engine and support assembly up and out of tractor frame. BEFORE REINSTALLING ENGINE. NOTE: WARRANTY REPAIR OF THE KOHLER K. 19 ENGINE MUST BE PERFORMED BY AN AUTHORIZED KOHLER DEALER. NOTE: IF THE RUBBER ENGINE MOUNTS HAVE BEEN REMOVED FOR ANY REASON. Pull through heat shield. Disconnect light harness (A). 5. 4/83 KT17 AND KT19 KOHLER ENGINE REMOVAL AND REINSTALLATION (FIGURE 7-5) 1. Pull through engine heat shield. 15. 12. Torque four engine support bolts to 23 ft. Slide drive shaft off of engine stub shaft.m). Remove the three remaining engine support bolts (G). 14. Disconnect choke and throttle cables. Disconnect battery cables and remove battery. Disconnect electric clutch (B). THE MORE RIGID MOUNT WITH THE LOWER CENTER IS THE "FRONT" MOUNT AND THE MORE FLEXIBLE MOUNT WITH THE HIGHER CENTER IS THE "REAR" MOUNT. Disconnect PTa clutch idler spring and remove PTa belts. Torque engine drive shaft bolt to 49 in. 4.m). 16. 9. Loosen side panel supports NOTE. 13. 11. Remove hood and side panels (if equipped). Ibs.5 N. or & 1900 SERIES TRACTORS Page 7-5 REV. CHECK RUBBER MOUNTS FOR DAMAGE OR FATIGUE CRACKS. 3. Ibs.

Install drive pulley to output shaft. The input shaft should have a maximum of .J GEAR CASE REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBLY (Models 19209. c.005" (0. from 4. See 1. 5. Remove gear case assembly mower mounting bracket. or Page 8-1 & 1900 SERIES ADD 6/81 2. 3. Lift front of mower up and drain oil from case. Figure 8-2. NOTE IF A TWO FOOT LEVEL IS NOT AVAILABLE USE A SMALLER LEVEL AND A METAL STRAIGHT EDGE SUCH AS A CARPENTER'S SQUARE. If necessary. 6. If the bearing has any end play. TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS MOWER DECKS MOWER LEVELING 1. Insert output shaft (A) with gear and bearing in place and assemble outer snap ring (D). Remove plug (C) and outside snap ring (D).12 PSI (88 kPa) Rear . Set gauge wheels to the 3 inch cutting height. 2.. G EAR CASE ASSEMBLY (Models 19209.12 mm) clearance. 19210 & 19211) ) Turn adjusting screw (B) or nut (C) Figure 8-1. Remove universal joint. expansion plug (C) and oil L- -'-- . Remove output shaft (A).H. clockwise to raise the front of mower and counterclockwise to lower. Insert input shaft (E) in case. Lower mower to the ground.005" (0. to check for front to rear leveH ng. . To achieve 7. Check mesh of gears. 8-2 b. See parts list for shim numbers. Place a two foot level across the mower deck.. (J) or (K) to remove gap.8 PSI (55 kPa) LATER MODELS as. cover and disassemble the beltfrom the drive pulley. If gears are loose shim as required at points (H). 6. remove and replace all bearings and oil seals. Assemble snap ring to secure shaft.19210 & 19211 ) correct end play. 4. Front . GEAR CASE ASSEMBLY INSTALLATION AND RE5. shim as required at point (J) to achieve a maximum of . shim at point parts list for shim numbers. 1. 2.. . Remove the mower R. capscrews (A)_ securely retighten Fig. Check tires for proper pressure. Pull shaft out. gear and bearing out of gear case. Remove any burrs on end of shaft. Slide shaft (A). (H). Place the tractor on a level surface. Remove drive sheave (B) and woodruff key. Assemble seal (F). Remove input shaft (E) by removing oil seal (F) and snap ring (G). 3. 3. NOTE TURN BOTH ADJUSTING SCREWS THE SAME NUMBER OF TURNSTO MAINTAINTHESIDETO SIDE LEVEL After mower is adjusted.GROUP VIII. Loosen capscrews (A) Figure 8-1 .12 mm) end play. as follows: a.

~~/.'.005 Ball Bearing Shim .:~. '.... R. Through gear case opening.005 end play . Install belt and belt cover to mower. ~.) . 9.Check backlash by holding shaft (A) and turning shaft (J). Remount gear case assembly with gasket to mower base.e" .J>:.>~!:'... Remove cover (D). 4. 11.005 14 Needle Bearing 15 Gear Case 16 Bevel Gear. Replace all worn parts.(. 7. 12. If loose shim at points (H) and (K). >. if required. Remove cover (B) and roller bearing (e). 3.H.:7.32 liter) of EP90 gear lube.::>. Shim. Install gear (F) and secure using nut (E) and cotter pin. 2. 5/16-18 Lockwasher. Fig.e. QT & 1900 SERIES Page 8-2 ADD.32 liter) of EP90 gear lube."-. 26T 17 Gear Case Gasket GEAR CASE ASSEMBLY (Model 19212) Fig. GEAR CASE BREAKDOWN (Models 19209. Install oil seal (I). 8. Insert input shaft (J) through bearings.@ AP~IY Sealant to both sides 164~) 6 15 -. Secure cover {OJ. Install cover (B). 2. 8. ~ 18---@) ~5 e©r-4 1 2 3 Shim Washer . g~liV. remove cotter pin and nut (E). (0. GEAR CASE DISASSEMBLY (Model 19212) 1.. Install drive pulley to output shaft. 9. Check backlash between gears. remove and replace any bearings and oil seals..010 Output Shaft Woodruff Key. 3/16 x 3/4 Hex Head Screw. ~--) 13-® 12-~ ~~"".15 rnm) backlash. 3/8 NPT Pressure Relief Valve Lock Nut. Install belt and belt cover. Slide output shaft assembly out of case. (0. 6/81 TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS (Continued) MOWER DECKS 8. . 9. Apply sealant to both side of gasket before assembly." 40r6-Shim-~ for . Remove oil seal (I) and slide input shaft (J) out. 5/16·18 x 1-1/4 10 Oil Seal 11 Drive Pin. 5.. 8-4 5.lheave 19 20 21 22 --. If required.. See parts list for shims. 5/16 18 Shim . 19210 and 19211) 1 Expansion Plug i J 1iO" ~ 19 20 21 ". 10.~. 11. Slide gear (F) off of input shaft and remove woodruff key {G}and shims (H).8 9 .. Reinstall gear case to mower. Remove the universal joint..310 ~d~ . If gears move hard remove required shims (H). 4. Fill gear case with 11 oz. GEAR CASE ASSEMBL Y 1.006" (0. Fill gear case with 11 oz.. 7. 13. Slide shims (H) on shaft and install woodruff key (G).~. Remove any burrs on end of shaft.as.. 1/4 x 1-1/2 ~. 8·3 6.:. belt cover and remove belt from the gear case.<__ (" @:"61 f 22 ~ ~:~::~:~~~:~~ 4 5 6 7 . n OR -=it" ~ ~~' ~9 5 14 ~ _~">::""Q~ . Disassemble the gear box from the mower su pport. 10. to achieve a maximum of . 6.11 Square Plug. Remove the rear plug and drain the oil. "I J1 .. 3. Install output shaft (A) assembly and bearing into case. Remove drive pulley and woodruff key from output shaft (A).

18 x 3/4 2 Loc~washer..003 19 Shim. _5/16 3 Beanng Retainer 4 Gasket 5 Gas~et C B 6 eanng up 7 Bearing Cone 8 Retaining Ring 9 Gear Case 10 Breather 11 Retaining Ring 12 Oil Seal 13 Input Shaft 14 Woodruff Key.. .. 1/8 x 1-1/2 27 Gear.29T 28 Shim 1-1/2 x .. 16 '-..... Output 17 Bearing. 9 I 1 I L..006 end . - ~~~28 20 Shim for ...TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS (Continued) MOWER DECKS GEAR CASE BREAKDOWN (Model 19212) as.030 23 24 Shim for .006 end play ~ 'J!I. 1/4 22 Capscrew. 3/4-14 NPT 24 Cover 25 Gasket Cover 26 Cotter Pin.015 20 Slotted Nut.. 5/16.. 7/8-14 UNF 21 Lockwasher. 29 Bearing Cone 30 Bearing Cup 31 Gasket... <. 1·1/2 x .1 Fig. 1/4-20 x UNC-3 23 Plug. ItJ ~'''''''' Shim for 5 •~ . 1/4 x 7/8 15 Bevel Pinion. 6/81 . . I !9'~~ /\~ r-.006 end play '1. 1ST 16 Shaft. or Page 8·3 & 1900 SERIES ADD. I I I 12 1 ----! ~ @ I I I I @-6 ~11 <.. .005 . @ 29 30 rt. Retainer 18 Shim."tJ~J ( " " [W@ 1 Capscrew. 8·5 . 4~ play 31 • 11-~ ~ 2---\W ~ • • <.

1 3_ Place shaft assembly in spindle housing. Lubricate these grease fittings after every 100 hours of operation with FMC Bolens multi-purpose grease and grease gun. 7. ~4 u-5 ~_6 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Grease Fitting Hex Nut Drive Sheave Ball Bearing Spacer Washer Shaft Assembly Woodruff Key Cutter Blade Plate Lock Washer Hex Screw s - TORQUE TO 300 IN. Remove shaft assembly housing. 4. 6/81 TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS MOWER DECKS (Continued) ). (34 Nm). Remove 4 bolts (8) holding spindle assembly and remove spindle assembly from mower deck. PI ace bearing (C) on shaft assembly. spacer and bolts with lockwashers. Torque bolts to 25 ft. --1' z /' ~. LUBRICATION There are three grease fittings on the mower. 3. SPINDLE REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBL Y (Figure 8·6) 1. Remove top pulley (A). one on top of each blade spindle. SPINDLE 1 BREAKDOWN 4. 8-6 TORQUE TO 90 FT. 5. Place other bearing (E) on shaft assembly. Assemble blade. 5. 3-@ ~4 . Secure nut and torque to 90 ft. especially on mower after washing out. LBS.as. and other pivot points with a few drops of lubricating oil. 6. 8. Frequently lubricate the linkage. Remove belt covers. Torque four (4) bolts (8) to 250 in. QT & 1900 SERIES Page84 ADD. Ibs. 8-7 . (34 Nm) Fig.. 2. Remove belt from spindle. (122 Nm) 1. (122 Nm). Place spindle housing assembly on mower deck and secure. 6. lbs. Place spacer (D) on shaft assembly. SPIN DLE ASSEMBLY from spindle (Figure 8·6) Fig. (28 Nm'). Assemble spindle sheave (A).. lbs. 2. Remove two bolts securing cutting blade. LBS.

Locate master link in chain and remove. 1. 3. Chain can now be slipped out. Drain oil. 2. AUGER REMOVAL 1. Fill to plug level. GEAR CASE INSTALLATION 1. Apply sealant to gear case gasket. 2.H. Place oil pan under gear case. Bearings can be removed with a wheel puller or by heating them. If auger is to be replaced. Coat both ends of auger shaft with loctite Grade D. 3. 1. 4. 4. QT & 1900 SERlE: Page 8-5 ADD. 4. Remove universal joint (G). from guard. Reinstall universal joint. Place new or old bearings over loctite ends of auger shaft. 4. Place gasket and gear case in place and secure using (4) 5/16·18 x 3/4 screws. AUGER REINSTALLATION Fig. 8-8 GEAR CASE REMOVAL 3. 3. Remove four screws (A). Place chain on sprockets. A chain too loose is incfined to jump and too tight a chain will cause excessive wear of chain and sprockets. Reinstall guard. Auger should freely slide out. 2. Place auger in the housing and resecure guard bearing (D) using existing hardware.TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS (Continued) QS. remove the (2) end bearings. Remove slack of chain with tension block (B) and secure in place. 1. Remove the (6) 3/8 x 1/2" screws and lock washers (C) securing the bearings to the housing. 5. 3. Fill gear case through oil plug (F) on L. 2. . Assemble master link to chain ends. 2. Loosen tension block (B) on chain. 3. Remove chain. 2. Remove gear box and gasket. 5. CHAIN INSTALLATION The chain is properly adjusted when it has approximately 1/8" (3 mrnl of slack. Loosen set screws in hub (E) to free shaft of gear box. 6/81 SNOW THROWER CHAIN REMOVAL 1. Secure hub (E) in place with set screws. Remove (4) 5/16-18 screws securing gear box. 4. side of housinq casting with SAE 90 gear lube. Install chain.

needle bear- 4. Shim Seal. Slide output shaft out. shim at points (J). Remove snap ring (B). Remove outer snap ring [E] and bearing (F). Install oil seal (Gl. remove and replace all oil seals and bearings. Oil Retaining Ring 12 13 14 15 Fig. Lock with snap ring [B}. Remove plug (AI. GEAR CASE ASSEMBLY 1.as. 1 Shaft. 2. 6/81 TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS (Continued) SNOW THROWER GEAR CASE DISASSEMBLY 1. Check end play of shafts. "K" 5. If necessary. Slide out shaft through ing {O. IJA. If gears turn hard. Output 2 Seal. 3. Slide shaft out. 7. I F. 3. 3/4 Washer. Slide input shaft in place and lock with snap ring (H). Remove input shaft by removing oil seal (G) and snap ring (H). See parts list for shim numbers. Check shafts for correct gear mesh. or & 1900 SERIES Page8-6 ADD.I 2. Remove gears and any shims. If gears 8.8•9 5. Slide output shaft (Cl down until shaft clears gear (D). Place ear (D) and any previous shims in position and slide output shaft through. are loose. Needle Retaining Ring Key 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Gear Case Ball Bearing Shim. GEAR CASE BREAKDOWN 6. Install bearing (F) and outer snap ring (E). 04. remove required shims at point K and add to point L If gears are loose add shims at point K from point L. 8-10 .9. 6. 9. Oil Bearing. Hold output shaft and turn input shaft.

pack grease between seals (H). With gear case on a flat surface. 3. 2. When tine shaft (G) is reassembled. Remove tiller from tractor. Fig.003" (0. If gears move hard. (122 GEAR CASE DISASSEMBLY 1.H. GEAR CASE ASSEMBLY If gears are loose remove shims at point (E) and add shims at point (F). shim at point (E). nuts (e) to 90 ft. link from Fig:S·11 "8" E:. If required. fill gear case through either the top plug hole (K) or side hole [L} to hole (Ll level with EP90 gear lube. 5. Also apply grease to exposed shaft (G). Remove tiller tines from gear case shafts by either loosening nuts (e) through hole (D) or by removing tine hubs (E) to loosen nuts.H. 6. 2. 4. 3. 1. End play should not exceed . 4. 1. See parts list for shim numbers.TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS (Continued) as.07 mm). Before assembling oil seal (B) check end play of input shaft (e) and gear (D). Remove screws and lock washers securing the case and cover together. Check backlash of gears. supports 4. 2. remove required shims at point (F) and add shims at point (E). key 2. Lift cover (A) off. 8·12 . Ibs. 6/81 TILLERS GEAR CASE REMOVAL 1. Assemble oil seal (B). Reverse the above procedure. and L. Remove chain connector chain. GEAR CASE REINSTALLATION 3. See Figure 8-12 and 8·13 for assembly. Remove cover side woodruff in tine shaft. Torque Nrn]. Remove depth shoe (B). (A). 5. Remove hood. Disassemble and remove any damaged parts. or Page8·7 & 1900 SERIES ADD. Remove R.

13 Tooth 38 Shim. 1/4 x 1 35 Filler Cap Assembly Pipe. 40 Tooth 33 Pinion and Shaft 34 Woodruff Key.005 . . aT & 1900 SERIES Page 8-8 ADD. 1 Pitch Sprocket. 5/16 x H/16 Shaft Spacer Sprocket. 15 Tooth t" Pitch Needle Bearing Thrust Washer Gear. . 39 Tooth Key. 6/S1" TRACTOR ATTACHMENTS (Continued) TILLERS GEAR CASE BREAKDOWN 1 2 3 4 5 6 6A 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 7 Seal Washer Oil Seal Oil Seal Needle Bearing Capscrew Lockwasher Flat Washer Tiller Case Thrust Washer Hi-Pro Key. 10 Tooth 1" Pitch 22 Pipe Plug. 1/8 NPT 23 Stud 24 Capscrew. 5/16 x 2 Tine Shaft Set Screw. . 5/16 Gear Case Cover Gasket Bearing Cup Bearing Cone 30 Shim.as.020 NI Gear Lube EP90 . 31 Spacer 32 Bevel Gear. Roller Chain Roller Chain. 3/8-16 x 1/2 Connector.Plug 36 Drive Pin 37 Pinion. 5/16-18 x 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 25 26 27 28 29 2-114 Lockwasher.005 39 Retaining Ring 40 Thrust Race 41 Retaining Ring 42 Oil Seal 43 Thrust Race 44 Shim.