This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
By Tamarapu Sampath Kumaran
About the Author: Mr T Sampath Kumaran is a freelance writer. He regularly contributes articles on Management, Business, Ancient Temples, and Temple Architecture to many leading Dailies and Magazines. His articles are popular in “The Young World section” of THE HINDU His e-books on nature, environment, festivals and different cultures of people around the world are educative and of special interest to the young. His e-books – Guide to 108 Divya Desams, Guide to 275 Siva Sthalams, Ganesha, Muruga, Pilgrimage to Narasimhaswami shetrams, Tirupati Gangamma, Vision of Sri Madhwacharya and Guru Raghavendra, The Path of Ramanuja, Guide to Kancheepuram and Hinduism in a nutshell have been well received in the religious circle. He was associated in the renovation and production of two Documentary films on Nava Tirupathi Temples, and Tirukkurungudi Temple in Tamilnadu.
Acknowledgement: I wish to express my gratitude to the authors from whose works I gathered the details for this book, and Courtesy, Google for some of the photographs. Special thanks to www.scribd.com for hosting my e-books.
Ramayana The name Ramayana is a tatpurusha compound of Rama and ayana ("going or advancing"), meaning to "Rama's Journey". The Ramayana consists of 24,000 verses in seven books (kaṇḍas) and 500 cantos (sargas).
Ramayana is ascribed to Sage Valmiki, regarded as India's first poet. The Epic is traditionally divided into several major kaṇḍas or books, that deal chronologically with the major events in the life of Rama: The Bala Kanda describes the birth of Rama, his childhood and marriage to Sita. The Ayodhya Kanda describes the preparations for Rama's coronation and his exile into the forest. The third part, Aranya Kanda, describes the forest life of Rama and the kidnapping of Sita by the demon king Ravana. The fourth book, Kishkindha Kanda, describes the meeting of Hanuman with Rama, the destruction of the vanara king Vali and the coronation of his younger brother Sugriva to the throne of the kingdom of Kishkinda. The fifth book is Sundara Kanda, which narrates the heroism of Hanuman, his flight to Lanka and meeting with Sita. The sixth book, Yuddha Kanda, describes the battle between Rama's and Ravana's armies. The last book, Uttara Kanda, describes the birth of Lava and Kusha to Sita, their coronation to the throne of Ayodhya, and Rama's final departure from the world The Sundara Kanda, the fifth chapter in the Ramayana, focuses on the adventures of Hanuman. Scholars argue that immediately after the birth of Hanuman his mother Anjana named him Sundar (handsome boy) as he was extremely charming owing to the Divine Power imbibed in him. In support of this in Valmiki Ramayana the fifth chapter of the Ramcharitmanas, which abounds in great and glorious deeds of Hanuman, has been entitled as Sundar Kanda. Hanuman also called as Bajrang Bali , Pavan Putra, Anjaneya, Maruthi, Vayuputra, Vaayunandhan and Kesarinandha is an embodiment of utmost devotion, sacrifice, immense strength, celibacy and humility. He is one of
the few gods in Hinduism that appeals across caste lines, by followers of Vaishnavism, Shaivism and Shakta orders. Hanuman, in one interpretation, is the incarnation or reflection of Shiva. Other interpretations, consider Hanuman to be the son of, or a manifestation of Vayu, god of wind. Hanuman is endowed with 28 transcendental divine opulence, with perfection in each. Hanuman's origin is derived from several mythological stories. Different stories are told explaining Hanuman's birth. According to Vishnu Purana once Narada who was infatuated with a princess prayed to Lord Vishnu to make him look like Sri Vishnu, with a Hari-Mukh (Hari means Lord Vishnu and Mukh means the face) so that the princess would garland him at the Swayamvaram. Vishnu instead bestowed him with the face of a monkey, since Narada's request for Hari has the dual meaning of vanara. Unaware of this, Narada went to the princess, who burst into laughter at the sight of his monkey face in the court of all the kings. Narada, unable to bear the humiliation, cursed Vishnu, that Vishnu would one day be dependent upon a Vanara for assistance. Vishnu replied that what he had done was for Narada's own good, as he would have undermined his own powers if he were to enter matrimony. Upon hearing this, Narada repented for cursing the Lord. But Vishnu told him not to repent as the curse would act as a boon, for it would lead to the birth of Hanuman, without whose help during his Rama avatar He could not kill Ravana. Another nerration is that when Ravana tried to enter the abode of Shiva, he called Nandishwara "a monkey". Nandishwara in turn cursed Ravana, that a monkey would burn his Lanka. The story of the birth of Hanuman goes thus: Brihaspati had an attendant called Punjikasthala, who was cursed to assume the form of a female monkey — a curse that could only be nullified if she would give birth to an incarnation of Lord Shiva. Reborn as Anjana, she performed intense austerities to please Shiva, who finally granted her the boon that would cure her of the curse. When Agni, the god of fire, gave Dasharatha the king of Ayodhya, a bowl of sacred dessert to share among his wives so they may have divine children, an eagle snatched a part of the pudding and dropped it where Anjana was meditating, and Pavana, the god
of wind delivered the drop to her outstretched hands. After she took the divine dessert, she gave birth to Hanuman. Thus Lord Shiva incarnated as a monkey, and was born as Hanuman to Anjana, by the blessings of Pavana, who thus became Hanuman's godfather. Hence, Hanuman is also known as "Maharudra" because he was born of the boon given to Anjana by Shiva. Another story narrates that Shiva and Parvati, decided to transform themselves into monkeys and indulge in amorous games in the dense Himalayan forests. During a climactic moment, the seed of Shiva found its mark and impregnated Parvati. Since they were in simian form it was but natural that the offspring born of such a union too would be a monkey. Not desiring to go against the laws of nature, Shiva directed the wind god Vayu to carry his seed from Parvati's womb, and deposit it into that of Anjana - a female monkey, who at that very moment was praying for a male child. Vayu then carried the seed and deposited it into Anjana's womb, who conceived the child “Hanuman.” Another story mentions that Anjana, a lovely young Vaanara maiden was one day strolling in the sylvan gardens of Kishkindha. At that time the wind god Vayu, who was rushing hurriedly swept her garland away. Anjana was startled and about to get angry with the god, but by then the strong and energetic wind god had realized his folly and returned to apologise. As he cast his eyes on her, he was struck by Manmatha, the god of love. He apologized to her delicately and Anjana was taken in very much by this handsome young man. They married. In time, they had a lovely baby boy. He was called Anjaneya or Anjana's son Two exceptional traits further marked his birth. The first was that unlike ordinary children, Hanuman was born wearing a loincloth. This was an early pointer to his life-long pursuit of a celibate, almost ascetic lifestyle. The other significant occurrence was the presence of elaborate earrings adorning his ears, which is justified by the following story: At the time of Hanuman's birth, the undisputed leader of the monkey-world was Vali, a strong and powerful ape. When Vali came to know that Anjana was pregnant with a child who was bound to develop into a powerful rival, he decided to end matters in Anjana's womb itself. He created a missile using five metals: gold, silver, copper, iron and tin. When the unsuspecting mother was asleep, he directed the missile into her womb. A normal child may have succumbed to this dastardly attack, but not one born of Shiva's fiery seed. The missile as soon as it touched Hanuman's body melted, and transformed into a pair of
earrings. Thus wearing the trophies of his first battle, fought while still in his mother's womb, Hanuman gloriously entered this world.
Indeed, having both Shiva and Vayu as his illustrious fathers, he was no ordinary child. Hanuman was restless, spirited, energetic and inquisitive. He was obviously endowed with awesome strength and the scriptures abound in tales expounding on his remarkable feats
The birth of Hanuman released Anjana from the curse. Before she returned to heaven, Hanuman asked his mother about his life ahead. She assured him that he would never die, and said that fruits as ripe as the rising sun would be his food. Mistaking the glowing sun as his food, the divine baby leapt for it. While trying the grab the Sun, as a ripe fruit he saw Rahu the dragon making his way to devour the sun and thus cause an eclipse. Mistaking him to be a worm, the restless Hanuman dashed towards Rahu and attempted to catch hold of him. Rushing for his life, Rahu sought shelter in the refuge of Indra, the Lord of the skies. Indra picked up
his deadly thunderbolt, mounted his white elephant named Airavata and made off in search of Hanuman, seeking to restrain his seeming impudence. The clouds rumbled and lightning thundered across the vast skies in an expression of Indra's wrath. But neither this scary scenario, nor the mightily armed Indra on his high mount, was sufficient enough to induce even a trace of fear in the heart of Hanuman. On the contrary, the spectacle only served to fuel his excitement and mistaking Airavata for a toy, he made a grab for the pachyderm, seized its trunk and leapt on its back. Taken aback by the child's spirited and playful defiance, Indra stuck at Hanuman with his thunderbolt, and the wound thus inflicted hurtled him speedily down to the earth. His father Vayu immediately sprung to his rescue and caught him in mid air. Vayu withheld releasing air. The three worlds began to choke and struggle for want of air. The gods panicked and rushed to the creator Brahma for help. Brahma went to Indra and asked him to apologise to Vayu, for he had struck a mere little child with his tremendous thunderbolt. Indra, realizing his folly, and Vayu yielded to Indra's apology while Brahma revived Anjaneya. The gods, realizing their folly, went in unison to Vayu and asked for his forgiveness. To make amends they showered the following blessings and powers on the monkey child: a). Brahma: "May you live as long as Brahma himself lives." b). Vishnu: "May you live all your life as the greatest devotee of God." c). Indra: "No weapon of any kind will wound or hit your body." d). Agni: "Fire will never affect you." e). Kala: "May death never courts you." f). All the Devas (gods): "None will ever equal you in strength and speed." Vayu asked the little monkey to pay his obeisance to Brahma. The mischievous one did so and when the pleased Brahma told him to ask for a boon, he cleverly asked, 'Give me all the wisdom you have!' Brahma, understanding the magnitude of the little boon, smilingly granted him the boon. For giving away wisdom only multiplied it and did not make the giver any poorer for it! Further, Brahma granted that he would, because of his wisdom, be a Chiranjeevi or an eternal being. Brahma concluded the session by bestowing on Hanuman a power greater than even Vayu and Garuda, and endowed him with a speed faster than even the mightiest
wind. Thus pacified, Vayu restored air into the cosmos and Hanuman was returned to his parents. A permanent mark was left on the baby’s chin hanuḥ (meaning "jaw" in Sanskrit)), explaining his name – Hanuman one whose chin is broken (by the thunderbolt). On ascertaining Surya, the Hindu deity Sun, to be an all-knowing teacher, Hanuman raised his body into an orbit around the sun and requested that Surya accept him as a student. Surya refused, claiming that as he always had to be on the move in his chariot, it would be impossible for Hanuman to learn effectively. Undeterred by Surya's refusal, Hanuman enlarged his body, placed one leg on the eastern ranges and the other on the western ranges, and with his face turned toward the sun made his request again. Pleased by his persistence, Surya agreed and Hanuman became his disciple, but had to face his constantly moving guru by traversing the sky backwards at equal pace, while taking his lessons. Hanuman's phenomenal concentration took him only 60 hours to master the scriptures. He became well versed in the four books of knowledge (the Vedas), the six systems of philosophies (darshanas), the sixty-four arts or kalas and the one hundred and eight occult mysteries of the Tantras. Surya considered the manner in which Hanuman accomplished his studies as his tuition fees, but when Hanuman requested him to accept something more than that, the sun god asked Hanuman to assist his spiritual son Sugriva. by being his minister and compatriot.
Hanuman was mischievous in his childhood, and sometimes teased the meditating sages in the forests by snatching their personal belongings and by disturbing their well-arranged articles of worship. Finding his antics unbearable, but realizing that Hanuman was but a child, the sages placed a mild curse on him by which he became unable to
remember his own ability unless reminded by another person. It is hypothesised that without this curse, the entire course of the Ramayana war might have been different, for Hanuman demonstrated phenomenal abilities during the war. The curse is highlighted in Kishkindha Kanda and Sundara Kanda when Jambavan reminds Hanuman of his abilities and encourages him to go and find Sita. The specific verse that is recited by Jambavantha is: पवन तनय ब्ल पवन समाना बुिद्ध िववेक िवज्ञान िनधाना | कवन् सो काज किठन जग माही जो निह होय तात तुम्ह पाहीं || You are as powerful as the wind. You are intelligent, illustrious and an inventor. There is nothing in this world that’s too difficult for you; whenever stuck, you are the one who can help.
Meeting Rama Along with Lakshmana, Rama while searching for his wife Sita, who had been abducted by Ravana, reach the vicinity of the mountain Rishyamukha. Sugriva, who has been defeated in the war by his elder brother Vali, was hiding along with his followers and friends in this forest. Having seen Rama and Lakshmana, Sugreeva and his companions were full of fear that Vali would have sent these worriers to kill them. But Hanuman asked them not to be afraid and assured Sugriva that he will ascertain their identities. Hanuman was Sugreeva's general. Earlier he had saved Sugreeva from a mad elephant by holding it by its trunk and flinging it away, earning him the position he held presently. Hanuman was an excellent ambassador. He could easily understand the nature of other people. As soon as he saw Rama and Lakshmana, he realized that they were not deceivers, but noble persons. He approaches the two brothers in the guise of a Brahmin. His first words to them are such that Rama confirmed that the Brahmin should be one who has mastered the Vedas. He noted that there is no defect in the Brahmin’s countenance, eyes, forehead, brows, or any limb. He points out to Lakshmana that his accent is captivating, adding that even an enemy with sword drawn would be moved. When Rama introduces himself, Hanuman
reveals his own identity and falls prostrate before Rama, who in turn embraces him warmly. He praises the disguised Hanuman further, saying that sure success awaited the king whose emissaries were as accomplished as he was. Hanuman took Rama and Lakshmana to Sugreeva. Hanuman had hopes that these brave young men would make Sugreeva king again. Here, they befriended Sugreeva and helped him ascend the throne. Sugreeva, in return, promised all help to find Sita. Rama was shown a small bundle of jewels that was described by Sugreeva's men as having fallen from the sky. Rama instantly recognized them as Sita's. Rama helps Sugreeva regain his honour and makes him king of Kishkindha. Sugreeva and his vanaras, most notably Hanuman, promise to help Rama defeat Ravana and reunite with Sita. Thereafter, Hanuman's life becomes interwoven with that of Rama Sugreeva's army was divided in four and each battalion went in each of the four directions. Hanuman, instinctively, opted to go south with his men. He reached the southern shores and there he learnt that Ravana of Lanka had carried Sita away to the island in a flying chariot. Upon encountering the vast ocean, every vanara begins to lament his inability to jump across the water. Hanuman too is saddened at the possible failure of his mission, until the other vanaras and the wise bear Jambavan begin to extol his virtues. Hanuman then recollects his own powers, enlarges his body, and flies across the ocean. . He stood atop a mountain, offering his prayers to his father, Vayu, and with a roar that shook the earth leaped across the ocean On his way, he encounters a mountain that rises from the sea, proclaiming that it owed his father a debt, and asks him to rest a while before proceeding.
Not wanting to waste any time, Hanuman thanks the mountain and carries on. He then encounters a sea-monster, Surasa, who challenges him to enter
her mouth. When Hanuman outwits her, she admits that her challenge was merely a test of his courage. After killing Simhika, a rakshasa, guarding Lanka, he enters the Capital. When sent as Rama's envoy, Hanuman was given a ring to convince Sita that he truly was her husband's messenger. Hanuman reaches Lanka and marvels at its beauty. In beautiful Lanka, bearing all the insignia of a flourishing kingdom, Hanuman wandered in the guise of a little monkey. He went hither and thither looking carefully at each woman to see if she was Sita. Vibhishana, Ravana’s brother, detailed Hanuman about the whereabouts of Sita. He showed the way to Ashokvan where Sita was kept captive. He also warned Hanuman to remain vigilant and cautious as Sita was guarded by rakshasa women loyal to Ravana and would not hesitate to kill any intruder. Thus forewarned, Hanuman saluted his newly formed friend and left for the garden for his first meeting with Mother Sita. It was easy for Hanuman to jump and climb the trees, to hide himself in the bushes or the leafy branches. He could, in addition, at his will, become very small and thus escape the attention of the guards. At last Hanuman entered the garden. He could see a beautiful woman humming sad sweet notes. Upon moving closer, he understood that she was pining for her Lord to come and take her back. Understanding that she was none other than Sita, he looked about to find if somebody was watching and seeing none, sprang up before her, startling her.
He held his palms together and paid obeisance to her. To assure her that he was there on a mission for Rama, he showed her Rama's ring which he had carried along, and reassures her that Rama has been looking for her, and uplifts her spirits. He offers to carry her back to Rama, but she refuses his offer, saying it would be an insult to Rama as his honour is at stake. After meeting Sita, Hanuman begins to wreak havoc, gradually destroying the palaces and properties of Lanka and killing a large number of guards, including Ravana's son, Akshaya However, in the process Hanuman was captured by Ravana's guards and to subdue him, Ravana's son Indrajit uses the Brahmastra. Though immune to the effects of this weapon, Hanuman out of respect to Lord Brahma, allows himself be bound. Deciding to use the opportunity to meet Ravana, and to assess the strength of Ravana's hordes, Hanuman allows the rakshasa warriors to parade him through the streets. Hanuman was wise by Brahma's boon. He knew that war begets only sorrow even for the victor. He desired a peaceful settlement. With this intent he went to Ravana's court, introduced himself and sought peace. A haughty Ravana and his misled men laughed at the sight of a mere monkey being the ambassador for peace. Ravana sat on the throne set at an elevated level. Simply to exhibit to Ravana that he was not pitted against somebody that could be crushed, Hanuman coiled up his tail so high that it was higher than Ravana's throne
and sat upon it. He conveys Rama's message of warning
and demands the safe return of Sita. He also informs Ravana that Rama would be willing to forgive him if he returns Sita honourably. Enraged, Ravana orders Hanuman's execution, whereupon Ravana's brother Vibhisana intervenes, pointing out that it is against the rules of engagement to kill a messenger. Ravana then orders Hanuman's tail be lit afire. As Ravana's forces attempted to wrap cloth around his tail, Hanuman begins to lengthen it. After frustrating them for a while, he allows it to burn. Escaping from his captors, with his tail on fire he burns down large
parts of Lanka. After extinguishing his flaming tail in the sea, he returns to Rama. He now returned to Rama with the promising news of Sita's presence in Lanka. Hanuman briefed Lord Rama about the situation in Lanka. With his younger brother Lakshman and with a big army of monkeys, Rama prepares to invade Lanka. Upon reaching the sea shore, Rama first worshipped Lord Shiva and prayed for the success of his mission. However, he did not know how his vast army would be able to cross the ocean to invade. Lord Shiva
told Rama to build a bridge with the help of one of his army personnel, an ape named Nal, the son of the god of construction. Rocks were brought and, under Hanuman's supervision, Nal threw them into the sea, where they miraculously floated. A long bridge was thus built connecting Lanka with the shores of India, and Rama's army crossed the sea and reached the outskirts of Ravana's kingdom.
Despite many attempts by Sri Rama and his men to come to a peaceful settlement with Ravana, this did not materialize. Filled with egoistic pride and egged on by his un-wise ministers, Ravana declared war. Both armies suffered - Ravana's because its king wanted war and Rama's because its leader wanted peace. Stark distinction in intent apart, nothing
was different in the fate with which they met. Barren land that was the meeting ground for the two armies was now drenched in blood; men lay everywhere broken, pierced and torn in every limb, every muscle, every bone, every nerve; they lay there alive, half-alive, barelyalive, nearly-dead and dead; writhing and twitching in pain until they could no more writhe and twitch.
With the coming of Indrajit, Ravana's son, who had the ability to make himself invisible and who wielded terrible weapons of boon from the gods, the scenario was turning bad in Rama's camp. Even Lakshmana lay in a swoon. There remained only Rama, Hanuman and Vibheeshana to lead and not many among the soldiers. The arrow that had wounded Lakshmana was blessed in such a way that whoever was wounded in the night with it could not recover if the cure was not obtained before daylight. The physician prescribed a herb that could save Lakshman's life but it grew far away in one of the mountain ranges of the Himalayas and someone had to fetch it before day break When everything seemed apparently lost, Jambavan asked Hanuman to bring some herbs from the Sanjeevani Mountain. So, with an urgent mission
on hand, Hanuman leapt skyward and flew north like lightning. Having spotted the Sanjeevani, he alighted upon it, only to see that it was densely forested, difficult to distinguish one herb from another. Instantly he decided that instead of trying to discover the herbs needed, he would carry the mountain itself back to Lanka! Growing to an enormous size with his powers of Mahima, he dug his hand deep beneath the mountain and with a
thunderous, "Jai Sri Rama," he uprooted it from its base, held it in his hand and flew south. To thwart the efforts of Hanuman, powerful Ravana compelled the sun to arise on the mountain at midnight. Enraged by the conspiracy, Hanuman leapt up, seized the sun under his arm and put the mountain on his head. Only after the application of the desired herb upon Lakshman's wound did Hanuman permit the sun to depart. It was spectacular to see a whole mountain descend upon Lanka's battlefield. Jambavan took the herbs and revived the dying men. Even men from Ravana's camp were treated. These grateful men, who would otherwise have died neglected and in anonymity, now insisted upon fighting for Rama. With the herbs from Sanjeevani now available, after a ferocious battle of many days, Ravana was defeated and victory ensued. Indrajit was killed by Lakshmana and Ravana by Rama. Lanka was liberated, Vibheeshana was crowned king and the land, now sanctified by Rama's advent and Vibheeshana's coronation, came to be called Sri Lanka. Sita was reunited with her Lord and, the exile period now over, they returned to Ayodhya. Hanuman accompanied Rama upon his triumphant return to Ayodhya and there was given by Rama the blessings of perpetual youth and deathless existence. Hanuman, the mighty ape that aided Lord Rama in his expedition against evil forces, is one of the most popular idols in the Hindu pantheon. Believed to be an avatar of Shiva, Hanuman is worshiped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion. Hanuman's tale in the epic
Ramayana - where he is assigned the responsibility to locate Rama's wife Sita abducted by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka — is known for its astounding ability to inspire and equip a reader with all the ingredients needed to face ordeals and conquer obstructions in the way of the world.
After the war, and after reigning for several years, the time arrived for Rama to depart to his heavenly abode.
Hanuman, however, requested to remain on earth as long as Rama's name was venerated by people. Sita accorded Hanuman
that desire, and granted that his image would be installed at various public places, so he could listen to people chanting Rama's name.
STORIES OF HANUMAN There are many interesting legends surrounding Hanuman. 1. When Lakshmana is severely wounded during the war against Ravana, to revive him, Hanuman is sent to fetch the Sanjivini, a powerful life-restoring herb, from Dunagiri mountains in the Himalayas. Ravana realises that if Lakshmana dies, a distraught Rama would probably give up, and so he dispatches the sorcerer Kalanemi to intercept Hanuman. Kalanemi was a witty sorcerer and takes the guise of a sage and successfully deceives Hanuman. With the help of the apsara, whom Hanuman rescued from her accursed state as a crocodile, was able to uncover the plot and after successfully slaying the evil sorcerer Hanuman reaches the Dunagiri Mountains. Ravana, upon learning that Kalanemi has been slain by Hanuman, summons Surya to rise before its appointed time because the physician Sushena had said that Lakshmana would perish if untreated by daybreak. Hanuman realising the danger, grows many times his normal size, and detains the Sun God to prevent the break of day. He then resumes his search for the precious herb, but, when he finds himself unable to identify which herb it is, he lifts the entire mountain and delivers it to the battlefield in Lanka.
Sushena then identifies and administers the herb, and Lakshmana is saved. Rama embraces Hanuman, declaring him as dear to him as his own brother. Hanuman releases Surya from his grip, and seeks forgiveness, as the Sun was also his Guru.
2. Hanuman was also called "langra veer"; langra in Hindi means lame and veer means "bravest of brave". The story behind Hanuman being called langra is as follows. He was injured when he was crossing the Ayodhya with the mountain in his hands. As he was crossing over Ayodhya, Bharata, Rama's young brother, saw him and assumed that some rakshasa was taking this mountain to attack Ayodhya. Bharat then shot Hanuman with an arrow, which was engraved with Rama's name. Hanuman did not stop this arrow as it had Rama's name written on it, even after it injured his leg. Hanuman landed and explained to Bharat that he was moving the mountain to save his own brother, Lakshmana. Bharata apologised for his mistake and offered to fire an arrow to Lanka, on which Hanuman could ride in order to reach his destination faster and more easily. But Hanuman declined the offer, preferring to fly on his own, and he continued his journey with his injured leg. 3. Shortly after he is crowned Emperor upon his return to Ayodhya, Rama decides to ceremoniously reward all his well-wishers. At a grand ceremony in his court, all his friends and allies took turns being honoured at the throne. Hanuman approaches without desiring a reward. Seeing Hanuman come up to him, an emotionally overwhelmed Rama embraces him warmly, declaring that he could never adequately honour or repay Hanuman for the help and services he received from the noble Vanara. Sita, however, insists that Hanuman deserved honour more than anyone else, and Sita gives him a necklace of precious stones adorning her neck. When he receives it, Hanuman immediately took it apart, and peering into each stone. Taken aback, many of those present, were surprised to know why he is destroying the precious gift. Hanuman replied that he was looking into the stones to make sure that Rama and Sita are in them, and if not, the necklace is of no value to him. At this, a few mocked Hanuman, saying his reverence and love for Rama and Sita could not
possibly be as deep as he implies. In response, Hanuman tears his chest open, and everyone is stunned to see Rama and Sita literally in his heart. 4. Hanuman is also considered to be the brother of Bhima, on the basis of their having the same father, Vayu. During the Pandava’s' exile, he appeared disguised as a weak and aged monkey to Bhima in order to subdue his arrogance. Bhima enters a field where Hanuman was lying with his tail blocking the way.
Bhima, unaware of his identity, tells him to remove it. In return, Hanuman tells him to remove it himself. Bhima tries, but was unable to do it despite his great strength. Suddenly it dawned upon his that it cannot be a monkey that he was dealing with. He fell at the monkey's feet and said: Oh, mighty one! I beg of you to reveal your true identity to me. I am your humble servant!
Shedding his disguise, Hanuman revealed himself. He blessed Bhima saying: Shed your pride and take refuge in the Lord. You shall be victorious! Bhima bowed down to his brother in all humility. 5. During the great battle of Kurukshetra, Arjuna entered the battlefield with a flag displaying Hanuman on his chariot. The incident that led to this was an earlier encounter between Hanuman and Arjuna, wherein Hanuman appeared as a small talking monkey before Arjuna at Rameswaram, where Rama had built the great bridge to cross over to Lanka to rescue Sita. Upon Arjuna's wondering aloud at Rama's taking the help of monkeys rather than building a bridge of arrows, Hanuman challenged him to build a bridge capable of bearing him alone; Arjuna, unaware of the vanara's true identity, accepted. Hanuman then proceeded to repeatedly destroy the bridges made by Arjuna, who decided to take his own life. Vishnu then appeared before them both, chiding Arjuna for his vanity and Hanuman for making Arjuna feel incompetent. As an act of penitence, Hanuman decided to help Arjuna
by stabilizing and strengthening his chariot during the imminent great battle. According to legend, Hanuman is one of the three people to have heard the Bhagavad Gita from Krishna, the other two being Arjuna and Sanjaya. 6. In the Ramayana, Hanuman is said to have rescued Shani, the planet Saturn, from the clutches of Ravana. In gratitude, Shani promised Hanuman that those who prayed him (Hanuman) would be rescued from the painful effects of Saturn, which in Hindu astrology, is said to produce malefic effects on one's life when one is afflicted "negatively" with Saturn.
Another interesting legend deals specifically with the planet Saturn (Shani). Perceived to be an unfavorable influence, it is believed that Saturn visits each individual at least once in his/her lifetime for a period of seven-and-ahalf years. As fate would have it, Saturn descended on Hanuman when he was busy building a bridge over the ocean to help Rama and his army cross over to Lanka. Hanuman requested the planet to postpone his visit till he had successfully assisted Rama in regaining Sita. But Saturn was adamant and Hanuman had to bow against the will of nature. He suggested that Saturn sit on his (Hanuman's) head as his hands were engaged in serving Rama and his legs were too lowly for Saturn. Saturn happily settled on Hanuman's head and the mighty monkey continued with his work, piling heavy boulders and stones on his head in an apparently casual manner and carrying them to the construction site. After a while Saturn found it impossible to bear the load of the heaped boulders any longer and wished to climb down. Hanuman insisted that he complete his mandatory seven-and-a-half years but Saturn pleaded for release saying that the seven-and-a-half minutes he stayed on Hanuman's head felt like sevenand-a-half years anyway. Thus speaking Saturn took leave of Hanuman and since then worshippers of this monkey god rest assured that the unavoidable ill effects of Saturn's seven-and-a-half years stay, can be whittled down by a true devotion to Hanuman. 7. In another incident as the battle progressed, the demon king Ravana lost all his brothers and sons and it became clear that he was headed towards defeat. Finally, he sent for his only surviving son Mahiravana, a powerful sorcerer who ruled over the underworld (patala loka). Mahiravana was a great devotee of Goddess Kali, from whom he had obtained vital occult secrets. Initially Mahiravana did not wish to join the fight against Rama
understanding his weakness for ritual magic. When Ravana insisted Mahiravana agreed. The great sorcerer Mahiravana managed to kidnap both Rama and his brother Lakshmana while they were sleeping. He left behind, in place of their bed, a dark trail stretching deep into the bowels of the earth. Hanuman searched for Rama and Lakshmana and suspecting some foul play made his way to patala, the subterranean kingdom of Mahiravana. The gates of Mahiravana palace were guarded by a young creature called Makaradhwaja (known also as Makar-Dhwaja or Magar Dhwaja), who is part reptile and part Vanara. The story of Makardhwaja's birth is said to be that when Hanuman extinguished his burning tail in the ocean, a drop of his sweat fell into the waters, eventually becoming Makardhwaja, who perceives Hanuman as his father. When Hanuman introduces himself to Makardhwaja, the latter asks his blessings, but fights him to fulfill the task of guarding the gate. Hanuman defeats and imprisons him to gain entry. Upon entering Patala, Hanuman discovers that to kill Mahiravana, he must simultaneously extinguish five
lamps burning in different directions. Hanuman assumes the Panchamukha or five-faced form of Sri Varaha facing north, Sri Narasimha facing south, Sri Garuda facing west, Sri Hayagriva facing the sky and his own facing the east, and blows out the lamps. There he found Rama and Lakshmana tied to a post, their bodies anointed with mustard oil and bedecked with marigold flowers, ready to be sacrificed. Near them, Mahiravana was sharpening the sacrificial blade and chanting hymns to invoke the goddess. Hanuman taking the form of a bee whispered into Rama's ear, "When Mahiravana asks you to place your neck on the sacrificial block, inform him that being of royal lineage you have never learned to bow your head. Tell him to show you how." Mahiravana fell for the trap. No sooner had he bowed his head in the ritually prescribed manner than Hanuman regained his form, seized the
blade, and decapitated the sorcerer. Thus did Hanuman turn the tables and sacrificed the demon himself to Mother Goddess Kali. Impressed, she made Hanuman her doorkeeper and indeed many temples of the goddess are seen to have a monkey guarding their doorways.
Freeing Rma and Lakshmana, Hanuman carried them on his shoulders and brought them back to Lanka. Further, to this day, Hanuman is invoked in any fight against sorcery, and amulets and charms depicting him are therefore extremely popular among devotees. 8. Mahiravana's death filled Ravana's heart with fear. He consulted the court astrologers who studied his horoscope and decreed that the alignment of celestial bodies was not in his favor. As per Indian astrology each individual is governed by nine planets, known as the navagrahas. Ravana thought that by changing the alignment of these heavenly bodies he would be able to alter his destiny. Mounting his flying chariot he rose to the skies, captured the nine planets, and herded them to his capital in chains. He then began a series
of rituals which if successful would force the planets to realign themselves in his favor. When Hanuman came to know of this ritual, he assembled and led a band of daredevil monkeys to Ravana's sacrificial hall, intending to disrupt the proceedings. They found the villain sitting beside a fire altar with his eyes shut in profound meditation, chanting
mantras. The group of simians let out a loud war cry and rushed into the hall. They snuffed out the sacred fire, kicked off the ceremonial utensils and wiped off the occult diagrams (yantras) painted on the floor. Unfortunately none of this roused Ravana from his deep trance and he continued chanting the holy formulas. Hanuman realized that Ravana would have to be stopped at any cost, otherwise the villain would succeed in changing the course of destiny. Towards this end he devised a mischievous plan, and ordered his lieutenants to enter the female chambers and scare away Ravana's many wives. The monkeys did as instructed and attacked Ravana's queens pulling their hair, scratching their faces and tearing away their clothes. But it was all to no avail; the immovable Ravana did not stir. At last the monkeys confronted Mandodari, wife of Ravana. They bared their teeth, beat their chests and began to grunt menacingly. Terrified, Mandodari lamented, "Woe is me. My husband meditates while monkeys threaten my chastity." Her words terrified Ravana to open his eyes and rush to her defence. Thus having successfully distracted Ravana, Hanuman ran back to the sacrificial hall and liberated the nine planets held captive there. For having successfully aborted Ravana's misplaced attempts to subvert fate, Hanuman won the eternal gratitude of the grahas and is thus believed to exercise considerable power over them. Correspondingly, he is worshipped by his devotees whenever they perceive their troubles to be a result of the unfavorable configuration of celestial bodies. Indeed, Hanuman is often shown trampling under his feet a woman who is said to represent Panvati, a personification of baneful astrological influences.
10. If yoga is the ability to control one's mind then Hanuman is the quintessential yogi having a perfect mastery over his senses, achieved through a disciplined lifestyle tempered by the twin streams of celibacy and
selfless devotion (bhakti). Hanuman is the ideal Brahmachari and He is also a perfect Karma yogi since he performs his actions with detachment, acting as an instrument of destiny rather than being impelled by any selfish motive. Hanuman - The First to Teach Pranayama and the Inventor of the Surya Namaskar Pranayama is the ability to control one's breath so that the inhalation and exhalation of air is rhythmic. Vayu, the god of air and wind, first taught pranayama to his son Hanuman, who in turn taught it to mankind. The Surya Namaskar (salutation to the sun) too, was devised by Hanuman as a greeting for his teacher Surya. 11. Tantra represents the occult side of Hinduism. With the aid of chants (mantras) and diagrams (yantras) Tantriks (practitioners of Tantra) channel the powers of the cosmos for the advantage of humanity. Tantriks believe that Hanuman is the most accomplished of their lot having achieved the much-sought after eight occult powers: 1). Anima - The ability to reduce his size. 2). Mahima - Ability to increase his size. 3). Laghima - The ability to become weightless. 4). Garima - Ability to increase weight. 5). Prapti - The ability to travel anywhere and acquire anything. 6). Parakamya - Irresistible will power. 7). Vastiva - Mastery over all creatures. 8). Isitva - Ability to become god like with the power to create and destroy. Courtesy: the annual issue of the spiritual journal 'Kalyan,' published at Gita Press Gorakhpur the following narration is given about the potency of Hanuman mother’s milk. 12. On their way back to Ayodhya, Hanuman thought of visiting his mother Anjana who lived on a mountain nearby. Rama and all other members of the
party too were curious to meet Hanuman's mother and hence the chariot was diverted to her dwelling. On reaching the place Hanuman approached his mother whose happiness knew no bounds. She embraced her with a bundle of joy. All others present too bowed in reverence to the mother of Hanuman. The worthy son narrated to her the entire sequence of events ending with Ravana's death on the battlefield. Surprisingly, his words did not please his mother but rather she became remorseful and addressed Hanuman thus: "My giving birth to you has been in vain, and feeding you with my milk has been of no avail." On hearing her strange words everyone became panicky and were left speechless. Hanuman too stared at her in mute incomprehension. After a brief pause she continued with her tirade: "Shame on your strength and velour. Did you not have enough power to uproot Ravana's city, of vice Lanka on your own? Could you not have annihilated the ten-headed monster and his army yourself? If you were not strong enough to do so it would have been better if you had at least perished yourself in fighting him. I regret the fact that even though you were alive Lord Rama had to build a perilous bridge of stones over the turbulent ocean to reach Lanka and had to fight the massive army of demons and thus suffer a great ordeal in order to recover his beloved Sita. Indeed, the nourishment my breast has given you has proved to be unfruitful. Go away and don't ever show me your face again." Anjana's annoyance stemmed from the fact that even though Hanuman was supremely capable of bringing back Sita on his own during that visit itself, he did not do so and much effort had to be expended later to accomplish the mission. With folded hands Hanuman addressed her: "O Great Mother, no way have I compromised on the sacred worth of your milk. I am but a mere servant. During that visit I had been instructed only to search for Sita and not kill Ravana. Had I done so of my own accord it would have amounted to overstepping my brief. I therefore acted scrupulously and kept my word." He added that in fact, he had asked Sita, when he met her in Ravana 's captivity, whether she would prefer to be rescued by him at that very moment. She replied in the negative stressing that it was her husband's duty to liberate her and Rama himself would have to come and take her back. The entire gathering corroborated Hanuman's version and much mollified his distressed mother. She spoke to him affectionately: "Dear son I never
knew all this but now that I do it is comforting that my milk has indeed borne abundant fruit." The repeated glorification of her own milk by Anjana was not relished by Lakshmana, who thought it an exaggeration. Sensing this, she addressed him saying: "Lakshmana, you are wondering why this apparently feeble monkeywoman is harping on the efficacy and potency of her own milk? My milk is indeed extraordinary." Saying this Anjana squeezed her breast and the oozing milk shower shot to a nearby mountain cleaving it thunderously into two. Addressing Lakshmana again she elaborated: "Hanuman has been brought up on the same milk, how it could ever go to waste?" 13. After safely reaching Ayodhya, Rama in no time settled down to a happy life of kingship and matrimony. Hanuman continued to be a constant and devoted companion with an unrestricted access to Rama. Life went on normally. Many delightful episodes from this period establish Hanuman as the ultimate bhakta, and shed much light on his unique personality.
Every morning Hanuman would observe Sita put a red mark on her forehead and smear the parting of her hair with vermilion powder, enacting a ritual which is the exclusive prerogative of married women in India. Being naturally of a curious bent of mind he asked her the reason behind this daily ritual. "For the well-being of my husband," replied she. Hanuman, ever the humble well-wisher of his chosen lord wondered: "If a virtuous woman like Sita has to apply vermilion in this manner for the good of Lord Rama, I, a mere monkey, need to do more." Thus thinking, he took a bowlful of the paste and smeared his whole body with it. Needless to say, both Rama and Sita were moved by the purity of Hanuman's heart. Since then, idols of Hanuman are colored a rich vermilion red. 14. According to the Ramayana following Lord Rama's victory over Ravana and the subsequent coronation of Lord Rama and Sita Devi in Ayodhya,
guests at the coronation received gifts before their departure. But when it came to Anjaneya, Lord Rama said that Sri Anjaneya would remain with him always. Overjoyed, Sita Devi made a Vadai Maalai (garland of vada) for Sri Anjaneya and adorned it on him so that he would eat it and be happy. Since then, the practice of adorning Sri Anjaneya with the Vadai Maalai came into existence. Devotees adorn the Vadai Maalai to please Sri Anjaneyar and receive his blessing for a happy and problem free life.
Devotees also offer garlands made of Tulashi, betal leaf, lime, fruits and vegetables to Anjaneya. These are considered to be very beneficial in helping devotees to over come their problems 15. The character of Hanuman teaches us of the unlimited power that lies unused within each one of us. Hanuman directed all his energies towards the worship of Lord Rama, and his undying devotion made him such that he became free from all physical fatigue. And Hanuman's only desire was to go on serving Rama. Hanuman perfectly exemplifies 'Dasyabhava' devotion — one of the nine types of devotions - that bonds the master and the servant. His greatness lies in his complete merger with his Lord, which also formed the base of his genial qualities. The Five-Headed (Panchamukhi) Hanuman - An Intriguing Image The Vaishnavas evolved a syncretic form of Hanuman with five heads and ten arms, incorporating in the composite image five important Vaishnavite deities and signifies as under:
At the center a monkey's face - Sri Hanuman faces east. He grants purity of mind and success A lion's visage representing Narasimha faces south. He grants victory and fearlessness. An eagle's head symbolizing Garuda facing west removes black magic and poisons. A boar head of Varaha facing north, showers prosperity, wealth. A horse's face for Hayagriva facing the sky gives Knowledge and happy family. Each head signifies a particular trait. Hanuman courage and strength, Narasimha fearlessness, Garuda magical skills and the power to cure snake bites, Varaha health and exorcism and Hayagriva victory over enemies. Relevance of Hanuman in Hindu philosophy: In Hindu symbolism, a monkey signifies the human mind, which is ever restless and never still. This monkey-mind happens to be the only thing over which man has absolute control. We cannot control the world around us but we can control and tame our mind by ardent discipline. We cannot choose our life but we can choose the way we respond to it. Thus Hanuman is the temperamental human intellect, which is unquiet and excitable. It is only by diverting it to the path of pure bhakti (devotion), that it can be made aware of its profound and silent essence. Thus, Hanuman is no ordinary monkey. While embarking on the search for Sita, the monkeys were confronted by the vast ocean lying between them
and Lanka. They wondered how they would make their way across this mighty obstacle. Someone suggested that Hanuman jump and cross over the sea. But Hanuman was doubtful, "I cannot do that," he said. At that moment, one of his companions reminded Hanuman of the awesome powers lying dormant within him. Instantly Hanuman regained memory of his divine strength and he successfully leaped across the ocean. Thus our mind too needs to be reminded of its divine potential and of the fact that it can achieve phenomenal heights provided it believes in its ability to perform the task in question. Truly Hanuman is symbolic of the perfect mind, and embodies the highest potential it can achieve There is no town or village in India without a temple for Hanuman. Hanuman is also a popular deity, in Tibet, Southeast Asia, Japan, and China, and many temples are erected for his worship.
यतर् यतर् रघुनाथकीतर्नं ततर् ततर् कृतमस्तकाञ्जिलम् । बाष्पवािरपिरपूणर्लोचनं मारुितं नमत राक्षसान्तकम् ॥ yatra yatra raghunāthakīrtanaṃ tatra tatra kṛta mastakāñjalim । bāṣpavāri paripūrṇalochanaṃ mārutiṃ namata rākṣasāntakam ॥ Bow down to Hanumān, who is the slayer of demons, and who is present with the head bowed down and the eyes full of flowing tears wherever the fame of Rāma is sung
Anjana nandanam Veeram janaki soka nasanam, Kapeesa Maksha hantharam, Vande lanka bhayangaram. Salutations to the terror of Lanka,
Who is the heroic son of Anjana, Who brought to an end , all sorrows of Sita, Who is the king of monkeys , Who killed Aksha the son of Ravana. Mano javam , maruda thulya vegam, Jithendriyam buddhi matham varishtam, Vatha atmajam vanara yudha mukhyam, Sree rama dootham sirasa namami. I bow my head and salute the emissary of Rama, Who has won over his mind, Who has similar speed as wind, Who has mastery over his organs, Who is the greatest among knowledgeable, Who is the son of God of wind, And who is the chief in the army of monkeys. Anjaneya madhi patalananam, Kanchanadri kamaneeya vigraham, Parijatha tharu moola vasinam, Bhavayami bhava mana nandanam, I bow before the darling son of the god of wind, Who is the son of Anjana, Who is great among killers of ogres, Who is like a golden mountain, Who is handsome to look at, And who lives near the roots of Parijatha tree. Yatra yatra Raghu nada keerthanam, Thathra thathra krudha masthakanjalim, Bhashpa vari pari poorna lochanam, Maruthim namatha Rakshasanthakam. I pray and salute the son of wind god, Who brought to end the rakshasas, Who is always present with eye full of tears, With head bowed in veneration, Wherever the praise of Lord Rama is sung.
Budhir balam yaso dhairyam nirbhayathwam arokadha, Ajadyam vak paduthwancha hanumath smaranath bhaveth. He who meditates on Lord Hanuman, Would be blessed with knowledge, strength, Fame, courage, fearlessness, health, Tirelessness and mastery over words Hanuman remained celibate his entire life and is known as the greatest devotee of the god Rama, who loved him the best. His devotion to Lord Rama and Sita was so great that once he tore open his chest with his claws to show that images of Rama and his wife were engraved upon his heart. Hanuman was not only a warrior of great strength, but he was also well versed in the scriptures and science. Hanuman is the ninth author of grammar. Tuesday is considered as the sacred day of worship for Lord Hanuman.
One day Valmiki came to know that the great Hanuman too had penned the adventures of Rama, engraving the story with his nails on rocks.
A curious Valmiki traveled to the Himalayas where Hanuman was residing to partake this version. When Hanuman read out his narration Hanumad Ramayana, Valmiki was overwhelmed by its sheer power and poetic caliber. It was truly an inspired piece. Valmiki felt both joy and sorrow. Joy because he had had the chance to hear an exceptionally beautiful poem, and sad because it obviously overshadowed his own work. When Hanuman saw the unhappiness his work had caused Valmiki he smashed the engraved rocks destroying his creation forever. Valmiki was
emotionally moved by this act of Hanuman and wished to write on the greatness of Hanuman. He could fulfill his wish in his rebirth as Tulasidas. Later, one tablet is said to have floated ashore during the period of Mahakavi Kalidasa, and hung at a public place to be deciphered by scholars. Kalidasa is said to have deciphered it and recognised that it was from the Hanumad Ramayana recorded by Hanuman in an extinct script, and considered himself very fortunate to see at least one pada of the stanza.
Such was Hanuman's selflessness. For him, narrating the tales of Rama’s adventures was a means to re-experience Rama, not a ticket to the hall of fame. Hanuman's name too illustrates his self-effacing character, being made up of 'hanan' (annihilation) and 'man' (mind), thus indicating one who has conquered his ego. Hanuman Chalisa हनुमान चालीसा is a devotional song based on Lord Hanuman, written by Tulasidas in the Awadhi language, and is his best known text apart from the Ramacharitmanas. The word "chālisā" is derived from "chālis" in Hindi, which means 40, as the Hanuman Chalisa has 40 verses Legend goes that Tulasi Das went to meet the then Emperor Aurangazeb in Delhi after having had a vision of God Sri Rama in Gokula, the birth place of God Sri Krishna. The Emperor challenged Tulsi Das to show Sri Rama to him. When Tulsi Das replied that it is not possible without true devotion to Rama, he was imprisoned by Aurangzeb. In the prison, Tulsi Das is supposed to have written the beautiful verses of the Hanuman Chalisa on Sri Hanuman.
When he completed the Hanuman Chalisa in prison, it is said that an army of monkeys menaced the city of Delhi. The king unsuccessfully tried to control the monkeys with his forces. Finally, the Emperor is supposed to have realized that the monkey menace was a manifestation of the wrath of Hanuman, the Monkey God. He released Tulsi Das and urged him to intervene in this grave matter and it is said that the monkeys stopped their mischiefs immediately after Tulsi's release. Tulsi Das says in the Chalisa that whoever chants it with full devotion to Hanuman, will have Hanuman's grace. Amongst the Hindus of Northern India, it is a very popular belief that chanting the Hanuman Chalisa invokes Hanuman's divine intervention in grave problems, including those concerning evil spirits and this belief is based on the claim made in the Chalisa itself. Shri Guru Charan Saroj Raj Nij mane mukure sudhar Varnao Raghuvar Vimal Jasu Jo dayaku phal char After cleansing the mirror of my mind with the pollen dust of holy Guru's Lotus feet, I Profess the pure, untainted glory of Shri Raghuvar which bestows the four fold fruits of life. (Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha). Budhi Hin Tanu Janike Sumirau Pavan Kumar Bal budhi Vidya dehu mohe Harahu Kalesa Vikar Fully aware of the deficiency of my intelligence, I concentrate my attention on Pavan Kumar and humbly ask for strength, intelligence and true knowledge to relieve me of all blemishes, causing pain. Jai Hanuman gyan gun sagar Jai Kapis tihun lok ujagar Ram doot atulit bal dhama Anjani-putra Pavan sut nama Victory to thee, O'Hanuman! Ocean of Wisdom, All hail to you O'Kapisa! (fountain-head of power,wisdom and Shiva-Shakti). You illuminate all the three worlds (Entire cosmos) with your glory.
You are the divine messenger of Shri Ram. The repository of immeasurable strength, though known only as Son of Pavan (Wind), born of Anjani. Mahavir Vikram Bajrangi Kumati nivar sumati Ke sangi Kanchan varan viraj subsea Kanan Kundal Kunchit Kesa With Limbs as sturdy as Vajra (The mace of God Indra) you are valiant and brave. On you attends good Sense and Wisdom. You dispel the darkness of evil thoughts. Your physique is beautiful golden coloured and your dress is pretty. You wear ear rings and have long curly hair Hath Vajra Aur Dhuvaje Viraje Kandhe moonj janehu sajai Sankar suvan kesri Nandan Tej pratap maha jag vandan You carry in your hand a lightening bolt along with a victory (kesari) flag and wear the sacred thread on your shoulder. As a descendant of Lord Sankar, you are a comfort and pride of Shri Kesari. With the lustre of your Vast Sway, you are propitiated all over the universe Vidyavan guni ati chatur Ram kaj karibe ko aatur Prabu charitra sunibe ko rasiya Ram Lakhan Sita man Basiya You are the repository of learning, virtuous and fully accomplished, always keen to carry out the behest's of Shri Ram. You are an ardent listener, always so keen to listen to the narration of Shri Ram's Life Stories. Your heart is filled with what Shri Ram stood for. You therefore always dwell in the hearts of Shri Ram, Lakshman and Sita Sukshma roop dhari Siyahi dikhava Vikat roop dhari lanka jarava Bhima roop dhari asur sanghare Ramachandra ke kaj sanvare You appeared before Sita in a Diminutive form and spoke to her in humility. You assumed an awesome form and struck terror by setting Lanka on fire. With over-whelming might you destroyed the Asuras
(demons) and performed all tasks assigned to you by Shri Ram with great skill. Laye Sanjivan Lakhan Jiyaye Shri Raghuvir Harashi ur laye Raghupati Kinhi bahut badai Tum mam priye Bharat-hi sam bhai You brought Sanjivan (A herb that revives life) and restored Lakshman back to life, Shri Raghuvir (Shri Ram) cheerfully embraced you with his heart full of joy. Shri Raghupati (Shri Ram) lustily extolled your excellence and said: "You are as dear to me as my own brother Bharat." Sahas badan tumharo yash gave Us kahi Shripati kanth lagaave Sankadik Brahmadi Muneesa Narad Sarad sahit Aheesa Thousands of living beings are chanting hymns of your glories; saying thus, Shri Ram warmly hugged him (Shri Hanuman). When prophets like Sanka, even the Sage like Lord Brahma, the great hermit Narad himself, Goddess Saraswati and Ahisha (one of immeasurable dimensions). Yam Kuber Digpal Jahan te Kavi kovid kahi sake kahan te Tum upkar Sugreevahin keenha Ram milaye rajpad deenha Tumharo mantra Vibheeshan mana Lankeshwar Bhaye Sub jag jana Even Yamraj (God of Death) Kuber (God of Wealth) and the Digpals (deputies guarding the four corners of the Universe) have been vying with one another in offering homage to your glories. How then, can a mere poet give adequate expression of your super excellence. You rendered a great service to Sugriv. You united him with Shri Ram and he installed him on the Royal Throne. By heeding your advice, Vibhishan became Lord of Lanka. This is known all over the Universe. Yug sahastra jojan par Bhanu Leelyo tahi madhur phal janu Prabhu mudrika meli mukh mahee Jaladhi langhi gaye achraj nahee
On your own you dashed upon the Sun, which is at a fabulous distance of thousands of miles, thinking it to be a sweet luscious fruit Carrying the Lord's Signet Ring in your mouth, there is hardly any wonder that you easily leapt across the ocean. Durgaam kaj jagat ke jete Sugam anugraha tumhre tete Ram dware tum rakhvare, Hoat na agya binu paisare The burden of all difficult tasks of the world become light with your kind grace. You are the sentry at the door of Shri Ram's Divine Abode. No one can enter it without your permission, Sub sukh lahai tumhari saran Tum rakshak kahu ko dar na Aapan tej samharo aapai Teenhon lok hank te kanpai All comforts of the world lie at your feet. The devotees enjoy all divine pleasures and feel fearless under your benign Protection. You alone are befitted to carry your own splendid valour. All the three worlds (entire universe) tremor at your thunderous call. Bhoot pisach Nikat nahin aavai Mahavir jab naam sunavai Nase rog harai sab peera Japat nirantar Hanumant beera All the ghosts, demons and evil forces keep away, with the sheer mention of your great name, O'Mahaveer!! All diseases, pain and suffering disappear on reciting regularly Shri Hanuman's holy name. Sankat se Hanuman chudavai Man Karam Vachan dyan jo lavai Sub par Ram tapasvee raja Tin ke kaj sakal Tum saja Those who remember Shri Hanuman in thought, words and deeds with Sincerity and Faith, are rescued from all crises in life. All who hail, worship and have faith in Shri Ram as the Supreme Lord and the king of penance. You make all their difficult tasks very easy. Aur manorath jo koi lavai Sohi amit jeevan phal pavai Charon Yug partap tumhara Hai persidh jagat ujiyara
Whosoever comes to you for fulfillment of any desire with faith and sincerity, Will he alone secure the imperishable fruit of human life. Sadhu Sant ke tum Rakhware Asur nikandan Ram dulhare Ashta sidhi nav nidhi ke dhata Us var deen Janki mata You are Saviour and the guardian angel of Saints and Sages and destroy all Demons. You are the angelic darling of Shri Ram. You can grant to any one, any yogic power of Eight Siddhis (power to become light and heavy at will) and Nine Nidhis (Riches,comfort,power,prestige,fame,sweet relationship etc.) This boon has been conferred upon you by Mother Janki Ram rasayan tumhare pasa Sada raho Raghupati ke dasa Tumhare bhajan Ram ko pavai Janam janam ke dukh bisravai You possess the power of devotion to Shri Ram. In all rebirths you will always remain Shri Raghupati's most dedicated disciple Through hymns sung in devotion to you, one can find Shri Ram and become free from sufferings of several births. Anth kaal Raghuvir pur jayee Jahan janam Hari-Bakht Kahayee Aur Devta Chit na dharehi Hanumanth se hi sarve sukh karehi If at the time of death one enters the Divine Abode of Shri Ram, thereafter in all future births he is born as the Lord's devotee. One need not entertain any other deity for Propitiation, as devotion of Shri Hanuman alone can give all happiness. Sankat kate mite sab peera Jo sumirai Hanumat Balbeera Jai Jai Jai Hanuman Gosahin Kripa Karahu Gurudev ki nyahin One is freed from all the sufferings and ill fated contingencies of rebirths in the world. One who adores and remembers Shri Hanuman. Hail, Hail, Hail, Shri Hanuman, Lord of senses. Let your victory over the evil be firm and final. Bless me in the capacity as my supreme guru (teacher).
Jo sat bar path kare kohi Chutehi bandhi maha sukh hohi Jo yah padhe Hanuman Chalisa Hoye siddhi sakhi Gaureesa One who recites Chalisa one hundred times, becomes free from the bondage of life and death and enjoys the highest bliss at last. All those who recite Hanuman Chalisa (The forty Chaupais) regularly are sure to be benedicted. Such is the evidence of no less a witness as Bhagwan Sankar. Tulsidas sada hari chera Keejai Das Hrdaye mein dera Pavantnai sankat haran, Mangal murti roop. Ram Lakhan Sita sahit, Hrdaye basahu sur bhoop. Tulsidas as a humble devotee of the Divine Master, stays perpetually at his feet, he prays "Oh Lord! You enshrine within my heart & soul." Oh! conqueror of the Wind, Destroyer of all miseries, you are a symbol of Auspiciousness. Along with Shri Ram, Lakshman and Sita, reside in my heart. Oh! King of Gods Tuesdays and Saturdays are a special day to worship Lord Hanuman. It is auspicious to read Hanuman Chalisa and Hanuman slokas to get peace of mind and eradicate unnecessary fears from our minds.
Astothara (108) names of Hanuman with meanings Anjaneya Anjanagarbhasambhoota Ashokavanikachhetre Akshahantre Balarka Bheemasenasahayakrute Batnasiddhikara Bhakthavatsala
Son of Anjana Born of Anjani Destroyer of Ashoka Orchard Slayer of Aksha Sadrushanana Like the Rising Sun Helper of Bheema Granter of Strength Protector of Devotees
Bajrangbali Bhavishya Chanchaladwala Chiranjeevini Chaturbahave Dashabahave Danta Dheera Deenabandhave Daithyakulantaka Daityakarya Dhruddavrata Dashagreevakulantaka Gandharvavidya Gandhamadhana Hanumanta Indrajit Jambavatpreeti JaiKapeesh Kapeeshwara Kabalikruta Kapisenanayaka Kumarabrahmacharine Kesarinandan Kesarisuta Kalanemi Harimarkatamarkata Karagrahavimoktre
With strength of daamod Chaturanana Aware of Future Happenings Glittering Tail Suspended Above The Head. Immortal Four-Armed Ten-Armed Peaceful Courageous Defender of the Oppressed Destroyer of Demons Vidhyataka Destroyer of All Demons' Activities Determined Meditator Slayer of the Ten-Headed Ravana Race Tatvangna Exponent in the Art of Celestials Shailastha Resident of Gandhamadhana One with Puffy Cheeks Prahitamoghabrahmastra Vinivaraka Remover of the Effect of Indrajit's Brahmastra Vardhana Winner of Jambavan's Love Hailing Monkey Lord of Monkeys One who swallowed the Sun Head of the Monkey Army Youthful Bachelor Son of Kesari Son of Kesari Pramathana Slayer of Kalanemi Lord of the Monkeys One who Frees from Imprisonment
Kalanabha Kanchanabha Kamaroopine Lankineebhanjana Lakshmanapranadatre Lankapuravidahaka Lokapujya Maruti Mahadhyuta Mahakaya Manojavaya Mahatmane Mahavira Marutatmaja Mahabala Mahatejase Maharavanamardana Mahatapase Navavyakruti
Organizer of Time Golden-Hued Body Altering Form at Will Slayer of Lankini Reviver of Lakshmana's Life The One Who Burnt Lanka Worshipped by the Universe Son of Marut (wind god) Most Radiant One with colossal body Swiftness like Wind Supreme Being Most Courageous Adored Like Gems Parakrama Of Great Strength Most Radiant Slayer of the Famous Ravana Great Meditator Pandita Skilful Scholar
Parthadhwajagrasamvasin Having Principal Place on Arjuna's Flag e Pragnya Prasannatmane Pratapavate Paravidhyaparihara Parashaurya Parijata Prabhave
Scholar Cheerful Known for Valour Destroyer of Enemies Wisdom Vinashana Destroyer of Enemy's Valour Tarumoolastha Dweller under the Parijata Tree Popular Lord
Paramantra Pingalaksha Pavanputra Panchavaktra Parayantra Ramasugreeva Ramakathalolaya Ratnakundala Rudraveerya Ramachudamaniprada Ramabhakta Ramadhuta Rakshovidhwansakaraka Sankatamochanan Sitadevi Sarvamayavibhanjana Sarvabandha Sarvagraha Sarvaduhkhahara Sarvalolkacharine Sarvamantra Sarvatantra Sarvayantratmaka Sarvarogahara Sarvavidhyasampath Sitashoka Shrimate
Nirakartre Acceptor of Rama's Mantra Only Pink-Eyed Son of Wind god Five-Faced Prabhedaka Destroyer of Enemies' Missions Sandhatre Mediator between Rama and Sugreeva Crazy of listening Rama's Story Deeptimate Wearing Gem-Studded Earrings Samudbhava Born of Shiva Deliverer of Rama's Ring Devoted to Rama Ambassador of Rama Slayer of Demons Reliever of sorrows Mudrapradayaka Deliverer of the Ring of Sita Destroyer of All Illusions Vimoktre Detacher of all Relationship Nivashinay Killer of all Evil Effects of Planets Reliever of all Agonies Wanderer of all Places Swaroopavate Possessor of all Hymns Sawaroopine Shape of all Hymns Dweller in all Yantras Reliever of all Ailments Pradayaka Granter of Knowledge and Wisdom
Shrunkalabandhamochaka Reliever from a Chain of Distresses
Nivarana Destroyer of Sita's Sorrow Honored
Simhikaprana Sugreeva Shoora Surarchita Sphatikabha Sanjeevananagahatre Shuchaye Shanta Shatakanttamadapahate Sitanveshana Sharapanjarabhedaka Sitaramapadaseva Sagarotharaka Tatvagyanaprada Vanara Vibheeshanapriyakara Vajrakaya Vardhimainakapujita Vagmine Vijitendriya Vajranakha Vagadheeksha Yogine
Bhanjana Slayer of Simhika Sachiva Minister of Sugreeva Gallant Worshipped by Celestials Spotless, Crystal-Clear Carrier of Sanjeevi Mount Pure, Chaste Very Composed and Calm Destroyer of Shatakantta's Arrogance Pandita Skilful in finding Sita's Whereabouts Destroyer of the Nest made of Arrows Always engaged in Rama's Service Leapt Across the Ocean Granter of Wisdom Monkey Beloved of Vibheeshana Hard Like Metal Worshipped by Mynaka Spokesman Controller of the Senses Strong-Nailed Lord of Spokesmen Yogi (Saint
Vaikasamasa Krishnapaksha Dasami, and Poorvapada - Margazhi Moolam (as per Tamil calendar) is the birth star of Anjaneya and is observed with piety by his devotees in temples and houses.
Ram Lakshmana Janaki Jai Bholo Hanumaniki