FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

SECTION 6 ROADSIDE FURNITURE

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 140

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 6 .2.1.2 6.1 6.2.5.6 6.3 6.1.3.1.2.ROAD FURNITURE Page 6.L Page 141 .5.2.5 6.1.7 6.1.3 6.4 6. Ibu Pejabat JKR.5.2 6.2.5.1 6.2 6.2 6.2.3.1.4.5.2.4 6.4.5 6.2.5.5.1.3.2.1 6.1.2 TRAFFIC SIGNS Description Sign Definitions Sign Classification Standards Permanent Traffic Signs General Requirements Foundations Posts Sign Plate Sign Faces Backing Frames Construction and Assembly Location and Erection Covering of Permanent Traffic Signs 6.1.4 6.5.1 6.1 6.2 6.2.1.1 CORRUGATED SHEET STEEL BEAM HIGHWAY GUARDRAIL Description Materials Beam Element Posts Installation of Guardrails Setting Posts (Timber or Steel) Placing Beams Anchorages Marking and Storage Marking Storage Basis of Acceptance Beam Elements Posts and Block-Outs S6-143 S6-143 S6-143 S6-143 S6-143 S6-144 S6-144 S6-144 S6-144 S6-144 S6-144 S6-144 S6-144 S6-144 S6-145 S6-145 S6-145 S6-145 S6-145 S6-146 S6-146 S6-146 S6-146 S6-147 S6-147 S6-148 S6-149 S6-149 S6-151 S6-151 6.5.5 6.1.1.1.2 6.3 6.2.1 6.8 6.2.2. K.9 Cawangan Jalan.3 6.1 6.2 6.2.5.1.2.5.2.

9 6.3.11 6.4.3 6.8 Temporary Traffic Signs Traffic Signs On Gantries Preparation and Finish of Metal and Other Surfaces S6-152 S6-152 S6-152 6.3.6 6.1 6.3 6.L Page 142 .3.2.4.1 6.4.8 6.2.1 6.3.3 6.5 Cawangan Jalan.3.3.3.4.3.4 6.3.7 6.2.2 6. Ibu Pejabat JKR.2 6.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works Page 6.10 6.4.4. K.3.4 6.4 6.3.3.2 6.6 6.4.7 6.3.5 6.4.3.3.3 ROAD MARKINGS Description Road Marking Materials Preparation of Site Preparation of Material on Site Laying Protection of Markings Reflectorisation Thickness Tolerance on Width Defective Materials or Workmanship Clearing Up CONCRETE KERB Description Materials Installation of Kerbs Excavation Cast In Situ Kerb Precast Concrete Kerb Slipforming for Concrete Kerb Backfilling S6-153 S6-153 S6-153 S6-153 S6-154 S6-154 S6-154 S6-154 S6-154 S6-156 S6-156 S6-156 S6-157 S6-157 S6-157 S6-157 S6-157 S6-157 S6-157 S6-158 S6-158 6.3.

733. Guardrail timber posts and blockout pieces shall be of the dimensions as shown on the Drawings.1 6. Cawangan Jalan. all conforming to the requirements of AASHTO Specification M180 and as necessary for erecting the guardrails as shown on the Drawings or as required by the S. (b) Timber Posts Timber posts and block-out pieces shall be of medium hardwood (except the species Merpauh and Rengas) as classified by the Malaysian Timber Industry Board in its publication `Malaysian Hardwood'. 6. Heavy hardwood can also be used as an alternative with the approval of the S.1. Ibu Pejabat JKR.2 Posts (a) Steel Posts Steel posts shall be channel sections of dimensions as shown on the Drawings and the material shall conform to B. Both the posts and blockout pieces shall be hot-dip galvanised in accordance with Sub-Section 6. and the Drawings. connecting and splicing bolts.1.1 CORRUGATED SHEET STEEL BEAM HIGHWAY GUARDRAIL Description This work shall comprise the supply and installation of corrugated sheet steel beam highway guardrails inclusive of bolts.2. nuts and washers.ROAD FURNITURE 6. All cut faces shall be smooth and square as shown on the Drawings.1 Beam Element Unless otherwise specified on the Drawings. all in accordance with this Specification. The preservative retention in the outermost 25 mm shall not be less than 16 kg per cubic metre. 6.1.2. The fibres of the block should run in the same direction as those of the post. shall be channel sections of dimensions as shown on the Drawings and shall be of the same material as that used for the posts. and shall be treated according to M. nuts.1.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works if used. etc. SECTION 6 .1.. Guardrails shall be fabricated and furnished complete with terminal or buffer sections. K. The block-out pieces. posts and other ancillary works.L Page 143 . 449 Part 1 Grade 43.O.2 Materials 6.O. All timber components shall be cut and drilled before treatment with preservative.2.S. The post shall be sound and free from loose knots or decay with no cracks at the top.O. and as directed by the S.S.1. corrugated sheet steel beam highway guardrails shall conform to the requirements of AASHTO Specification M180 for Class `A' Type II (galvanised) guardrail with effective length of beam 3810 mm (12 feet 6 inches).

6.1 Setting Posts (Timber or Steel) Before posts are erected.5 Basis of Acceptance 6.1.4 Marking and Storage 6.O.O.O. The cost of all sampling and testing shall be borne by the Contractor.1. there is detection of non-compliance with the requirements of this Specification through random sampling carried out by the S.1.3 Anchorages Anchorages shall be constructed as shown on the Drawings and as directed by the S.1.L .O.1 Marking In addition to the marking specified in AASHTO Specification M180.O. Posts shall be spaced as indicated on the Drawings. and as directed by the S. Ibu Pejabat JKR.1. If.2 Storage All galvanised beam elements. After the posts are in place.1. nuts and washers and posts shall be stored under a cover that will protect them from rain until they are erected or used.3. terminal sections.1.4.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 6. is satisfied that the Contractor is capable of installing the post to the designed depth.3 Installation of Guardrails 6. bolts..4.1 Beam Elements All material shall be subjected to inspection and sampling in accordance with AASHTO Specification M180 at a sampling rate of 1 in every 200 or as directed by the S. 6.1. Posts may be installed by means of driving with suitable equipment if the S. K. While in storage. 6. the holes shall be backfilled with grade 20/20 concrete compacted in such a manner as not to displace the posts from correct alignment as shown on the Drawings. 6. line and level. then the material of the lot will be rejected and the Contractor shall remove the same from the Site at his own cost.O. 6. the material shall not be in direct contact with the soil and there shall be a minimum space of 300 mm between the lowest most elements and the ground surface. the JKR logo shall also be marked on each beam element. in the subsequent installation. Post holes at the correct positions shall be dug either manually or mechanically to the required level.O. The posts shall then be set plumb in the holes with the front face forming a smooth line to the approval of the S.3. the alignment and finished levels of the guardrails shall be set accurately on site for approval by the S.3. The Contractor shall provide and arrange the testing facilities and the test pieces as and when requested by the S. Page 144 Cawangan Jalan. accurately.1.O.2 Placing Beams The guardrail beams shall be fixed and firmly bolted together with the block-out pieces on to the post to the lines and grades as shown on the Drawings.5.

2 TRAFFIC SIGNS 6.O.O. However.O.2. K. all in accordance with the details shown on the Drawings and as specified herein.1. all necessary foundations. (b) Timber For each lot of 200 pieces or less of either timber posts or timber block-outs supplied to the Site.L Page 145 . lighting units and electrical installations where required. fixtures and fastenings.2 Sign Definitions For the purpose of this Specification. the following clasifications shall apply :(a) Permanent Traffic Signs Any of the traffic signs defined in Sub-Section 6.O. the Contractor shall submit certificates from an approved testing laboratory certifying compliance with the properties required and the mill certificate. anchorages. (b) Temporary Traffic Signs 6.5. traffic signs are defined as follows :i) Non-illuminated signs are those signs which are not lit either internally or externally and shall be retro-reflective. 6.O.2.2 above or any part thereof designed by the Contractor with the approval of the S. sign plates. the Contractor shall submit a test report from an approved testing laboratory certifying compliance with specified timber species and other qualities. shall be removed from the Site.1 Description This work shall consist of the supply. which will not remain in position at the completion of the Works. The Contractor shall provide and arrange the testing facilities and test samples at his own expense as and when instructed by the S.3 Sign Classification For the purpose of this Specification. reserves the right to conduct further tests on the materials supplied. assembly.O. to complete the work all to the satisfaction of the S. etc. ii) Externally illuminated signs are those which comprise either retro-reflective or non-retroreflective facing with external lighting luminaire. However. 6. application of paints and finishes. Any of the traffic signs defined in Sub-Section 6.. the S. Ibu Pejabat JKR. to remain in position upon completion of the Works.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works It shall include all excavation and backfilling.2 Posts and Block-Outs (a) Steel For each lot of 200 pieces or less of either steel posts or steel block-outs supplied to the Site.2.2. brackets.2. the S. erection and installation of sign faces. The steel which has been rejected by the S. posts and backing frames.2 above or any part thereof as designated on the Drawings or as directed by the S. 6. reserves the right to conduct further tests on the materials supplied.O. Cawangan Jalan.

2. unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. 873. for foundations shall be carried out in compliance with this Specification and shall be approved by the S. erection of formworks. Unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. K. placing of reinforcement. Types of lock shall be kept to a minimum.4 Standards All traffic signs shall. before placing of concrete and backfilling.2 Foundations The type and size of foundations for permanent traffic signs shall be as shown on the Drawings and.'s approval the details of fabrication drawings for all signs. 6. All externally illuminated traffic signs shall comply with Category 1 luminance of B. Traffic signs shall be carefully handled to prevent damage (methods shall include the use of proper slings).1 General Requirements Permanent traffic signs shall be constructed. 873 unless otherwise shown on the Drawings.S. Kuala Lumpur. provision shall be made for cable entry through the foundation by means of ducting as shown on the Drawings. 6. shall comply with this Specification.2. except where specified otherwise. located and erected as shown on the Drawings or as directed by the S. or other period agreed by the S. unless otherwise stated therein. All traffic sign housings shall be provided with vandal and weather resistant locks. 6.2. Posts shall be supported for a minimum of three (3) days after placing the concrete. in the quantities determined by the S.O.2.5. Keys.S. assembled. and shall be Cawangan Jalan.. the Contractor shall submit for the S.O. comply with the requirements of ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) Series 2. etc. Ibu Pejabat JKR.O.. Before the commencement of fabrication of any traffic sign. Backfilling shall not take place until at least 48 hours after placing the concrete. Each complete traffic sign or part thereof shall be capable of passing the tests specified in B. All excavations. shall be provided to the S. published by Cawangan Jalan.5 Permanent Traffic Signs 6.5.O. Ibu Pejabat JKR.O. signs supported by a single post placed in the ground shall have the post installed centrally in 300 mm diameter holes filled with grade 20/20 concrete complying with Section 9 of this Specification to within 450 mm of the ground surface. The hole shall be excavated either mechanically or manually.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works transported and stored in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.L Page 146 . Where signs are illuminated.O.

G.W. Subject to the S.5.L Page 147 .4 Sign Plates All permanent sign plates shall be as shown on the Drawings and shall comply with B. iii) Dynamic Shear -550 kPa.) tapes may be used as an alternative to rivets.S. Where more than one sheet is used to make up a sign plate.S. unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. of approximately the same size and shape. Compartments for electrical equipment shall be as shown on the Drawings. sheets of aluminium alloy HS 30-WP conforming to B. 873. Nevertheless.440 N per 100 mm.2.4 m in width shall be made from a single sheet. 6.H.2 m in height and 2. A sign plate not exceeding 1.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 6. 873. Where pockets are formed in concrete foundations their plan dimensions shall be 100 mm larger than those of the post. posts shall not protrude above the top of the sign unless supporting an external luminaire where the protrusion shall be kept to a minimum.O. Ibu Pejabat JKR. 1387. and the position of the joints shall be to the approval of the S. such compartments shall be on the post furthest from the carriageway unless otherwise directed by the S.5.3 Posts Posts for permanent traffic signs shall be as shown on the Drawings and shall comply with B. K. However. the sheets shall be rectangular.910 kPa.S. Signs erected on a single post shall be positioned so that the post is in the centre of the sign. riveting shall be carried out only after the application of the sign face.'s approval.O. In the case of signs supported by more than one post. Unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. Flange plates shall have holes or slots as shown on the Drawings to accommodate any holding down bolts. the tape shall comply with the following requirements :i) Peel Adhesion . Posts shall be of tubular hollow section steel of not less than 50 mm outside diameter complying with B.2. Sign plates shall be drilled at all locations where rivets or bolts are required for attaching the plate to the backing frame or fixings before application of the sign face. double sided "Very High Bond" (V. 1470 with a minimum thickness of 3 mm.S. Sign plates shall be made of 10 S. ii) Tensile Adhesion .B. Cawangan Jalan. All backfilling of foundation pits and reinstatement of existing surfaces above the foundations shall comply with the relevant requirements of this Specification.O.

it shall extend over the top and bottom edges of these sections by not less than 3 mm. these shall extend for the whole width of the sign.5.. Edge sealing shall be continuous and uniform and shall also be applied to all bolt and rivet holes. Ibu Pejabat JKR. Where sheeting is applied to extruded sections by pressure roller. Cawangan Jalan. K. folds or cuts.L Page 148 . with the agreement of the S. be fabricated out of the same material as the sign plate and shall have corners cut to the same radius as the other corners of the sign plate.. the respective Malaysian Standard Specification. air bubbles and other blemishes. Plastic sheeting shall be applied evenly over the whole surface of the sign plate and shall adhere fully. the number of sheets shall be kept to a minimum.O. sign faces shall be formed from a single piece of plastic sheeting. All retro-reflective plastic sheeting shall be fixed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Top and bottom light spill screens shall be considered part of the sign plate and any stiffeners and mounting fittings shall be designed to accommodate the combined size.5 Sign Faces Sign faces for permanent traffic signs shall be as shown on the Drawings and shall comply with the `Draft Malaysian Standard Specification for Reflective Sign Face Materials' (SIRIM Reference D111 [ISCF]). Where. All faces up to 1 m in size shall be produced with a single sheet and no joint will be accepted. Where top and bottom light spill screens are required as shown on the Drawings.O. butt joints in plastic sheeting will not be accepted. and on replacement of this draft. The overlap in the horizontal joints shall be from the top and the vertical joints shall be from the left. A coat of clear lacquer shall be applied to the whole of the face and edges of each finished sign plate at the time of fabrication. All plastic sheetings used on the same sign shall be carefully matched for colour to produce a uniform appearance both by day and by night.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works Only vertical and horizontal joints shall be permitted and all joints in plastic sheeting shall be overlapped by not less than 6 mm. Unless otherwise agreed by the S. It shall be free from twists. Non-uniform shades of colour on any one sign will not be accepted. 6. The lacquer shall be continuous and uniform and shall be of the type specified or supplied by the manufacturer of the sheeting material. more than one plastic sheet is used.2. The edges of all plastic sheeting shall be sealed. cracks.

5. Screen processed letters.S. pastes and finishing coats used shall be compatible with the sheeting material. 1474.S. numerals. bolts and washers. The sign plate shall be riveted or bonded with double sided V. posts and other components shall be de-burred prior to assembly.H. 6.7 Construction and Assembly Traffic signs shall be constructed and assembled as shown on the Drawings and shall comply with B.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works fabricated from 40 mm x 40 mm x 3 mm angles. tape to the backing frame after the application of the sign face. their joints shall be welded or joined with suitable brackets utilising nuts. The angles used for the backing frames shall be made from aluminium alloy HE9-TE conforming to B. numerals. They shall be applied in accordance with the sheeting manufacturer's instructions.2. The details of joints between angles of the backing frame and of joints between sections of large signs shall be to the approval of the S. a letter of warranty for the specified period for all sign faces from the supplier of the sheeting or the sign fabricator. the sign faces shall last not less than 5 years without any serious blemishes or defects for Engineering Grade retroreflective sheeting and 8 years for High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting. and the standards of fabrication and workmanship shall be such that under normal conditions of service and proper maintenance.B.5. The finish of all sign faces shall be capable of passing the tests described in B. K. Where large signs are built in sections. 873.S. the backing frames of these sections shall be bolted together with 8 m diameter bolts at not more than 200 mm centres.6 Backing Frames Backing frames for permanent traffic signs shall be as shown on the Drawings and shall comply with this Specification. 873. symbols and borders shall be screen printed with materials in accordance with the sheeting manufacturer's instructions. The Contractor shall furnish to the S.L . Where framing and stiffening are not an integral part of the sign plate. Ibu Pejabat JKR. Any inks.2. All sign plates. bolted or riveted together to form the backing frames as shown on the Drawings.O. backing frames. Backing frames shall not project beyond the face of the sign. 6. Signs exceeding 600 mm in height or width shall be stiffened by means of angles while signs exceeding 1 m in height or width shall have a backing frame Cawangan Jalan. Page 149 Any cut-out letters. symbols and borders shall be of material compatible with the sheeting to which they are applied. The angles shall be welded.O. purlins.

washers and/or screws.. In addition to the requirements of this Specification. Ibu Pejabat JKR. Connections shall be made at every point where a purlin crosses a post. the sign stiffening and framing shall be continuous in the horizontal direction.O. and shall not exceed 300 mm on cross braces. Page 150 Where purlins are adopted. columns shall not be drilled and wiring shall be contained in approved external conduits. have a clear lacquer.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works before final installation and they and their anchorages shall be installed so as to achieve the loadings. Traffic signs to be erected on road lighting columns shall have fixings compatible with the column cross-section and finish. Where purlins are not adopted. immediately prior to the insertion of the rivet or bolt. All rivets and other devices used in the fixing of sign plates to their stiffeners or backing frames.O. Any hole drilled to accommodate rivets or bolts in plates with plastic sheeting shall.. Spacing of rivets or other devices used in the fixing of sign plates to their stiffeners or backing frames shall be uniform and shall not exceed 150 mm around the outside edge of any sheet or section of a sheet. torque settings and requirements shown on the Drawings.O. An additional washer of neoprene. Where traffic signs. as recommended by the manufacturer of the plastic sheeting. bolts. shall be of a material compatible with the materials being joined. shall be used against the sign face to protect it from the effects of any metal nuts.L . to match that part of the face. are required to have holding down bolt fixings. The surfaces of rivets or bolts exposed on the sign face shall be coloured by a material approved by the S. applied to its edge to prevent the ingress of moisture. Banding systems shall be of stainless steel. nylon or other material approved by the S. they shall be attached to each vertical member of the backing frame and the sign stiffening and framing shall be continuous in the vertical direction. or those used in the construction of housings. Where ferrous components are permitted. K. variable message traffic signs shall be of a type approved by the relevant authorities.O. the bolts shall be lightly greased Cawangan Jalan. including external lighting luminaires or their supports. Hollow rivets shall be filled with a plastic plug flush with the head of the rivet. purlins shall be spaced equally apart. Sign plates shall be connected to posts by a method approved by the S.O. Unless otherwise permitted by the S. Unless otherwise permitted by the S. any drilling of such components shall be completed before the application of any finish.

resited or removed without prior approval from the S.9 Covering of Permanent Traffic Signs Where it is required in the Contract that permanent traffic signs are to be blanked-out or are to have an alternative message. 5 mm thick plastic distance pieces between the sign face and cover plate. Cawangan Jalan. the covering to be adopted shall comply with the following requirements.5. Any holes remaining in the finished sign face shall be filled with blocked rivets coloured on the face by methods approved by the S.O. Signs erected on two posts shall have each post positioned so that the distance from the centre of the post to the edge of the sign plate is 300 mm unless otherwise directed by the S.O. All posts shall be erected plumb and where two or more posts are provided for any one sign. Any pockets formed in concrete foundations to receive the posts shall immediately prior to erection be cleaned out. All traffic signs shall have their exact location determined by the S.5 mm (16 S. Where self-adhesive plastic film is used. Ibu Pejabat JKR.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 6. K. and recorded on the as-built Drawings.G. washers and nuts or non-ferrous rivets not more than 600 mm apart.) thick made from a material compatible with that of the sign plate. Traffic signs mounted on posts. A minimum space of 50 mm shall be left between the covering and the face to permit airflow over the sign.L . the bolts passing through 12 mm diameter.W. The posts shall be placed centrally in the pockets and be bedded on and filled up to finished foundation level with grade 20/20 concrete. Any loose covering used must be sufficiently opaque to prevent reflection from the covered sign and be securely fastened to the back of the sign.5. it shall be compatible with the sign face materials and be applied and removed in compliance with the manufacturer's instructions. or a material approved by the S.8 Location and Erection The approximate location of each permanent traffic sign shall be as shown on the Drawings.O. the face of the posts shall be lined up.2. No traffic sign shall be dismantled.2. shall be erected to have their faces plumb and orientated in relation to the carriageway in accordance with ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2B/85. Page 151 6.O. Under no circumstances shall tape or other adhesive material be applied to the face of the sign. Traffic signs mounted on gantries shall be erected as shown on the Drawings.O. The covering shall be 1. Cover plates shall be fixed by means of 5 mm diameter stain less steel bolts. except those on gantries.

Making good shall be carried out immediately after removal of the traffic sign to the satisfaction of the S. authorises its removal. the signs shall comply with the relevant requirements of this Specification. 873 and in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.O.O. Removal of temporary traffic signs shall be carried out as soon as they become superfluous or a hazard to traffic.S.O.S. fittings and purlins shall be prepared and protected in compliance with B. 873. 6.2. Cawangan Jalan.2. shall have its sign face securely covered with one of the materials described above until such time as the S. K. has given his approval.8.Location and erection of temporary traffic signs shall be in accordance with ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2C/85.9. Steel posts and post housings shall be prepared and protected in compliance with B.2. Traffic signs which are to be covered shall not be erected on trafficked highways without the covering in place.O.8 Preparation and Finish of Metal and Other Surfaces Traffic signs shall be prepared. electro-plating or application of zinc or aluminium spray or other e quivalent finish approved by the S. 873. protected against corrosion and finished in compliance with B.5.O.O.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 6. Ferrous steel shall be finished both inside and out by galvanising.7 Traffic Signs On Gantries Where traffic signs are erected on gantries. Aluminium and other metals shall be left untreated unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. for approval beforehand.O. Methods of removal and making good shall be submitted to the S. be dulled with paint using a method approved by the S. Page 152 . 873.L 6. Faces of sign plates shall be prepared to receive sign face materials in compliance with B. Any temporary covering of temporary traffic signs shall comply with Sub-Section 6.S.S.2. Backs of aluminium or aluminium alloy sheets forming plate signs and external parts of luminaire housings and other permanently exposed components shall.O. Irrespective of any requirement in the Contract to cover signs.2. Ibu Pejabat JKR. Fabrication and construction of gantries shall be as shown on the Drawings and as directed by the S. Erection of temporary traffic signs mounted on posts shall comply with Sub-Section 6.5. Steel backing frames.6 Temporary Traffic Signs Temporary traffic signs shall be constructed either as non-illuminated or externally illuminated signs as directed by the S. any traffic sign erected at such a time that its legend does not relate either wholly or in part to the traffic movement and route in operation. Removal of any covering shall be carried out with minimum disturbance to traffic and only after the S. to prevent retroreflection.

6. letters. The markings shall be white or yellow laid to the dimensions and at the locations shown on the Drawings and as specified herein or as directed by the S. Internal surfaces shall.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works (a) Thermoplastic Material Thermoplastic material shall comply with the requirements of B.1 Description This work shall consist of the supply of road marking material and its application to form continuous or intermittent lines. primer or undercoat shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and to the satisfaction of the S.S. Yellow thermoplastic material shall be of standard colour B.3 Preparation of Site Thermoplastic material and road marking paint shall be applied only on a surface which is clean and dry. 3262 Part 1. equipment. Cabinets and feeder pillars shall have final coats of paint applied on Site after final installation.L Page 153 . If a primer or undercoat is necessary to ensure proper adhesion of the marking paint to the road surface without bleeding or other discoloration.O. mud or extraneous matter or over old material or paint marking incompatible with the paint being applied.3. 6. It shall not be laid over loose detritus. symbols or figures. 6. A tack coat compatible with the marking material shall be applied in accordance with manufacturer's instructions prior to the application of thermoplastic material. and warning and traffic guidance signs as necessary for the safe and efficient completion of the entire work.S. The rate of application of tack coat. Ibu Pejabat JKR.S. tools. unless otherwise shown on the Drawings.3 ROAD MARKINGS 6. The work includes the supply of all labour. Cawangan Jalan. K.O. arrows.2 Road Marking Materials The marking material shall be one of the types detailed below as indicated on the Drawings or as directed by the S. materials. including the fitting of any internal apparatus required as part of the permanent Works. 164. stainless steel shall be left untreated except where the component is visible against the sign face when it shall be coloured on the face by methods approved by the S. Yellow paint shall be of standard colour B.S. receive the same treatment as for external surfaces except that final paint coats shall be applied before internal components are installed. 356 (Golden Yellow). External surfaces shall be prepared and protected as described in the Contract. (b) Road Marking Paint Road marking paint shall comply with the requirements of M.3. 381C No.O. 356 (Golden Yellow).O. 381C No.3. Unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. the primer or undercoat shall be fully compatible with the marking paint and the road surface.

6088 (see Table 6. Ibu Pejabat JKR. each weighing not more than 4 kg.8 Thickness The determination of thickness shall be in accordance with B.7 Reflectorisation Solid glass beads to be incorporated in marking materials prior to application to road surfaces shall be Class `A' glass beads complying with the requirements of Table 1 of B. 6.L Page 154 .6 Protection of Markings All markings shall be protected from traffic until they have dried sufficiently so that no pick-up by vehicle tyre will occur. lane lines. Solid glass beads for additional surface reflectorisation shall be Class `B' glass beads complying with the requirements of Table 2 of B. etc.2).3.1).3. Excess material shall be discarded on completion of application. A thermometer of sufficient accuracy shall be used during laying to ensure that overheating of the material does not occur. Once molten hydrocarbon resins shall be used within 6 hours and wood and gum resins shall be used within 4 hours. hand-propelled or self-propelled machine according to the marking configuration and the type of marking material approved for use.O.O.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY HStandard Specification For Road Works specified.3. K. be set out with stencils which comply with the size and spacing requirements as shown on the Drawings. The use of thinners or other additives shall not be permitted unless otherwise approved by the S. screed.S.. (b) Road Marking Paint All paint shall be thoroughly stirred before application to keep the pigments in uniform suspension.3. The material shall not be heated beyond the manufacturer's specified temperature during application.3. The rate of application of the marking material for each coat shall be that recommended by the manufacturer unless otherwise Cawangan Jalan. Road markings of a repetitive nature other than centre lines. If the material is supplied in block form it shall be broken into pieces.. 6. unless otherwise decided by the S. 6088 (see Table 6. shall. lane lines and edge lines shall be marked by approved mechanical means or as directed by the S.S. 3262 Part 3. the succeeding coat shall not be applied until the previous coat has fully set.O. When more than one coat is used. 6.4 Preparation of Material on Site (a) Thermoplastic Material Thermoplastic material shall be supplied in block or powder form.5 Laying Centre lines. 6. which shall be melted in a heater fitted with a mechanical stirrer to prevent local overheating. Appendices B and C. Other markings shall be applied by brush. spray.S. 6.

% Defective Beads as tested in accordance with Appendix D 850 800 300 180 Below 180 0 to 5 5 to 20 30 to 75 10 to 30 0 to 15 80 20 Cawangan Jalan. % Spherical Beads by mass as tested in accordance with Appendix C Max.1 . Ibu Pejabat JKR. % Defective Beads as tested in accordance with Appendix D 1.CLASS `A' GLASS BEADS : PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION. Sieve Percentage Retained Min. ROUNDNESS AND DEFECTS B. ROUNDNESS AND DEFECTS B. Sieve (um) Percentage Retained Min.2 .S.18 mm 850 um 425 um 0 to 3 0 to 10 90 to 100 70 30 TABLE 6. K.CLASS `B' GLASS BEADS : PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION. % Spherical Beads by mass as tested in accordance with Appendix C Max.L Page 155 .S.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works TABLE 6.

. Ibu Pejabat JKR. `no waiting'. -sprayed lines other than yellow lines : not less than 1.O.10 Defective Materials or Workmanship Materials which are defective or which have been applied in an unsatisfactory manner or to incorrect dimensions or in a wrong location. (b) Road Marking Paint Road marking paint shall be laid to give a wet film thickness of not less than 315 microns and not more than 400 microns.3.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 6. K. Cawangan Jalan. etc.5 mm.O.O.3.) : not less than 2 mm nor more than 3 mm. -sprayed yellow edge lines (for `no parking'.8 mm. (a) Thermoplastic Material Thermoplastic material shall be laid to the following thicknessess :i) for synthetic hydrocarbon resin binder -screed lines : not less than 2 mm nor more than 5 mm. existing markings shall be removed in the same manner as above. 6. -sprayed yellow edge lines (for `no parking'.L Page 156 .3. splashes and smirches of marking material completely to the satisfaction of the S. 6. shall be removed by approved chemical or mechanical means. Where directed by the S. the road pavement shall be made good and the markings reapplied all at the Contractor's own expense and to the approval of the S.11 Clearing Up The Contractor shall clean up all spatters. ii) for gum or wood resin binders -screed lines : not less than 3 mm not more than 5mm.9 Tolerance on Width The tolerance on the specified width of the marking shall be within the range of + 10% and minus 0%. To the extent necessary. -sprayed lines other than yellow lines : not less than 2 mm. etc. `no waiting'.) : not less than 0.

4.3 Installation of Kerbs 6. All spaces under the kerb shall be filled with bedding material which shall be thoroughly tamped.4. Minor defects shall be repaired with mortar containing 1 part Portland cement to 2 parts sand. All soft and unsuitable material shall be removed and replaced with suitable material as defined in Section 2 of this Specification. the concrete shall be covered with suitable material and kept moist for a period of 7 days. levels.4. Cawangan Jalan.4.2 Materials Concrete for kerb sections shall be grade 25/20 concrete unless otherwise indicated on the Drawings and shall conform to the requirements of Section 9 of this Specification.1 Description This work shall consist of the supply and installation of cast in situ or precast concrete kerbs constructed at the locations and in accordance with the lines.2 Cast In Situ Kerb When a cast in situ kerb is placed next to a concrete pavement.4 CONCRETE KERB 6. bedding shall be grade 10/25 concrete.3 Precast Concrete Kerb Precast concrete kerbs shall be cast using steel moulds and shall be of the types as shown on the Drawings. expansion joints in the kerb shall be located in line with expansion joints in the pavement. 6. The bedding material shall then be placed and compacted to form a bed of required thickness as shown on the Drawings.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 6. Unless otherwise shown on the Drawings. K.3.3. 6. Each kerb shall be set so that its front top arris conforms to the line and grade required.1 Excavation Excavation shall be made to the required depth and the base shall be trimmed and compacted to a firm and even surface.L Page 157 .3. 6. dimensions and types as shown on the Drawings. Ibu Pejabat JKR. grades. Forms shall not be removed within 24 hours of the concrete being placed. 6. After placing and compaction.4.4. Concreting shall generally be in accordance with the requirements of Section 9 of this Specification. all in accordance with this Specification. Expansion joints shall be formed at the intervals shown on the Drawings using preformed filler 10 mm in thickness in accordance with the specification for the pavement joint filler.

The kerbs shall be dense with regular sides. K.4 Slipforming for Concrete Kerb In situ concrete kerbs shall be laid by an approved automatic kerbing machine or.FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 6.O.3. and shall be impervious. by the concrete paver itself. Where a Portland cement concrete pavement is to be constructed contiguous to a kerb. Cawangan Jalan. The finished work shall be true to line. edges.5 Backfilling The spaces in the front and back of each kerb shall be refilled to the required elevation with suitable material approved by the S. finished to a fine surface free from blow holes and dragging. if practicable in the case of concrete pavements.4.3. which shall be tamped in layers of not more than 150 mm until properly compacted. The expansion joint in the kerb shall be 20 mm in width and shall be filled with an expansion joint filler of the same nominal thickness as the pavement joint. Any voids between filler and the concrete kerb shall be filled with mortar.4. 6. grade and level to within ±10 mm and shall present a smooth appearance free from kinks and distortion visible to the eye. expansion joints shall be constructed in the kerb directly in line with pavement expansion joints. Kerbs shall be laid with joints as narrow as possible and filled with mortar containing 1 part Portland cement to 2 parts sand.L Page 158 . arrises and chamfers. Ibu Pejabat JKR.

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