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GIFTED AND TALENTED EXERCISE: ALL HISTORICAL PERIODS, GEOGRAPHY AND REGIONS IN WORLD HISTORY CURRICULUM COMPACTING AND INDEPENDENT STUDY Topic: Geography in AP World History Process Purpose: In that 9* grade social studies is often world geography, many students arrive in 10" grade world history with a strong geographic knowledge. Offer these students a chance to test out of the materials used with each historical period of AP World History and substitute independent geographic studies activities. Content Purpose: Students will study the geography of each historical period from a differentiated perspective. Rather than identifying locations on the map, students will study aspects of history from the point of view of the Five Themes especially Regions. Materials: Curriculum Compacting — Independent Study Extension’s Menu by Historical Period INTRODUCTION In the Course Description for Advanced Placement World History is a two-page map of contemporary cultural regions in the world, Included is the statement loosely paraphrased as “regional boundaries change over time.” With this latest edition, students more than ever before are required to know and study geography as a part of the AP World History course. Additionally, the test includes maps and questions based on geographic issues. Students must be able to identify regions and locations, and answer questions about the impact of geography on historical events. Some students arrive in world history very well prepared for the geographic questions that the AP World History exam is likely to ask. Other students, however, are not prepared and AP World History teachers must teach and review geography as a part of world history. Advanced students tend to find these sessions useless and boring. After teaching the first listing of regions, give students the geographic review list for each new chronological period you begin. Make sure students have sources of maps and on-line sites to consult. Consider organizing your room around maps relevant to the historical period. National Geographic has many you can use. Before the unit is finished, test the students solely on geography. This could include location, regions, definitions, identifications, and multiple choice questions related to geographical aspects of history. CLOSURE Students have learned to approach geography from an independent study format. Additionally, students have learned to approach geography from a creative and differentiated format and create a representation for the class. (Oklahoma City Two Day AP World History Conference January 2006 6 Copyright 2006@ Paul William Philp INTRODUCTORY UNIT: REGIONS IN AP WORLD HISTORY A region is an area with an implied distinctiveness about the area that defines it. Such a distinction is made on the basis of a historical, political, economic, or cultural (linguistic, religious, ethnic or racial) cohesiveness that separates the region from its neighbors. Cultural regions and physical regions are two of the paradigms by which AP World History organizes content and free response questions (FRQs). These regions are designated in the AP subject guide for World History and included on the map below. Consequently, students must become familiar with all regions mentioned in order to organize their essays. Please make sure that students understand the difference between cultural and physical geographic regions. Sometimes they are similar and sometimes they are very different. It is a disaster if students answer a prompt asking for a cultural region with countries from a physical region. 1 5 GEOGRAPHIC THEMES - Regions; Characteristics of Place I. LOCATE A. CULTURAL REGIONS 1. Anglo-North America Latin America ‘West Africa East Africa Central Africa South Africa North Africa Middle East (S.W. Asia) Bey eA . CONTINENTS 1. North America 2, South America 3. Africa C. PHYSICAL REGIONS 1. Caribbean 2. Mesoamerica 3. Andean South America 4, West African Forest Area 5. West African Sahel 6. Ethiopian Highlands 9. Mediterranean 10. Western Europe 11. Eastern Europe 12. Central Asia 13. South Asia 14. East Asia 15. Southeast Asia 16. Oceania 4. North Africa 5. Burasia 6. Australia 13. Nile River Valley 14. Central Asia 15. Northern Asia 16. Trans-Eurasian Steppe 17. East Asia 18. Western Europe 7. Maghrib 19, Eastern Europe 8. Middle East 20. Indian Sub-Continent 9. Mesopotamia 21. Decean 10. Southern Africa 22. East Asia 11. East African Rift System 23, Southeast Asia 12. Central African Jungle 24, Polynesia ‘Oklahoma City Two Day AP World History Conference January 2006 7 ‘Copyright 2006@ Paul William Philp ve wERAT OF Book oF Geos aply tater y cubs for bentoing Feagraphy workers UNIT I: GEOGRAPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD ‘The first civilizations arose in areas of the world that were remarkably similar. All were river valleys located in areas closely bordered by deserts or steppes. The exception was the central valley of Mexico and the modern nation’s eastern coast, The climates were often dry and, even if there was rain, a year-round supply of water was problematic. Resources other than soil and water lacked and natural defensive features were minimal. Civilization may have arisen as a solution to survival and in order to fulfill needs. : boned I. THEMES - Human Environment Interaction; Characteristics of Place Uiblely Iv. LOCATE A. CONTINENTS 1. North America 4, Eurasia pons? 2 South America 5. Australia 3. Africa B. BODIES OF WATER 1. Atlantic Ocean 5. Red Sea 2. Pacific Ocean 6. Persian Gulf 3. Indian Ocean 7. Arabian Sea 4. Mediterranean Sea 8. Yellow Sea C. PHYSICAL FEATURES 1. Himalayan Mountains 8. Khyber Pass 2. Caucasus Mountains 6. Arabian Desert 3. Hindu Kush Mountains 7. Ordos Region 4. Sahara Desert 8. Thar Desert D. CITIES 1. Damascus 5. Loyang 2. Jerusalem 6. Thebes 3. Harappa 7. Babylon 4. Mohenjo Daro V. IDENTIFY AND LOCATE A. HISTORICAL REGIONS 1. Fertile Crescent 5. Valley of Mexico 2 Mesopotamia 6. Northern India 3. Upper, Lower Egypt 7. Southern India 4. Chinese Cultural Hearth 8. European Subcontinent B. RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS 1. Nile 4. Yangtze 2) Tigris and Euphrates 3. Indus and Ganges 3. Huang He (Oklahoma City Two Day AP Word History Conference January 2006 8 Copyright 2006@ Paul William Philp