CONJUNCTIA A. Dupa aspect 1. Simple: but, if, and. 2. Compuse: however, unless, otherwise. 3.

De legatura: as…as, both…and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, whether…or . 4. Locutiuni: as well as, as if (de parca), as though (de parca), for instance, that’s why, so long as (atata timp cat). B. Dupa functie 1. De coordonare a) “and” - care leaga - propozitii intre ele - parti de vorbire de acelasi fel Ex: I go and stay there for a week b) “as well as” Ex: I work in a school as well as at home. c) “neither…nor” Ex: I am neither in the kitchen nor in the bathroom. d) “not only…but also…” Ex: I am not only intelligent but also pretty. e) “as well” Ex: He is calm and good as well. f) “either…or” Ex: They are either brother and sister or husband and wife. g) “furthermore” (cu atat mai mult) Ex: I speak English, furthermore I wood like to visit England. h) conjunctii adversative: but, while, whereas (pe cata vreme, tinand seama de) – contrasteaza cu propozitia principala. Ex: I am tall but fat. I am talking while you are righting. k) conjunctii disjunctive: or, else, or else (ori, cu alte cuvinte), otherwise (altfel). Ex: Would you prefer coffee or tea? Please put your coat else you get whet. Learn your lesson otherwise you fail. i) conjunctiile concluzive: consequently, on that account, so, then, that is why (iata de ce), therefore (de aceea). Ex: I haven’t slept therefore/that is why I am tired.

j) conjunctii explicative: for example, for instance, namely, that is to say. Ex: Only one friend of mine left Romania, namely Ela. I like do a lot of thinks for instance/example reading, dancing, … 2. De subordonare – acelea care introduc o propozitie secundara. Unele dintre ele sunt specializate pe anumite tipuri de propozitii. Ex: pt. concesive: through, although (desi) pt. conditionale: if pt. comparative: as if (de parca), as though pt. predicative sau pt. subiective, completive directe, atributive (1) Subordonate predicative – introduse prin: a) “what” Ex: The question is what I must read. b) “who” Ex: The question is who is he. c) “where” Ex: The question is were I go. d) “when” Ex: The question is when I can come. e…) whatever, whoever, that, why (2) Subordonate subiective – introduse prin: a) “that” Ex: It is necessary that you should understand this rule. b) “what” Ex: It doesn’t matter what you believe. c) “who” Ex: It hasn’t be decided who is the leader of the team. d) which, whoever, whatever, whichever, when, how, why, where, if, whether. (3) Subordonate completive directe (cele cu forma de complement): if, that, whether, whatever, whoever, wherever, why, whichever. Ex: She sad that she was tired. I don’t know if you leave Romania. I don’t know whoever want’s my dog. I do whatever you want me to do. I may take whatever book you want. (4) Subordonate indirecte – introduse prin: to whom, to what, to anyone, whoever. Ex: I may give the flowers to whom you want. You interpret whatever she says.

(5) Subordonate prepozitionale – introduse prin: who, whom, whoever, whichever, how daca sunt precedate de o prepoziitie. Ex: You depend on what I say. You must approved of whatever she says. (6) Subordonate atributive – introduse prin: whose, which, whom, were, why, when, that. Ex: This is the woman who loves me. This is the man whose wife is pretty. This is the boy whom I greeted. (7) Subordonate adverbiale – introduse prin: as, like, much as, how, in the manner, as if, as though, just. Ex: No one speaks like you do. They acted much as I told them. (= respectand majoritatea celor spuse de mine) (8) Subordonate conditionale – introduse prin: if, on condition that, only if. Ex: I shall come soon if/on condition that I find my passport.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful