THYROID GLAND PATHOLOGY THYROID GLAND

Some thyroid pathologies include: y Adenomas (benign thyroid tumor) y Cyst y Cancer y Goiters(unusual enlargement of the thyroid) y Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism Butterfly shaped gland found superficially, in the lower anterior portion of the neck. Anterior to the trachea and inferior to the larynx It has two lobes which are bi-lateral and lie on each side of the trachea, these two lobes are united by the isthmus

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y

Thyroid cyst

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The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland responsible for secreting the hormones thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and calcitionin. The hormones assist in the metabolism of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates and absorption of calcium from the blood to be stored in the bones

Thyroid carcinoma

y Normal left lobe thyroid sagittal view . Ultrasound of the thyroid is typically used to diagnose a lump in the thyroid or a thyroid that is not functioning properly. real time. linear transducer would be used to ultrasound the thyroid Normal thyroid transverse view Patient Position y Patient should be placed in a supine position with the neck hyper extended with the head turned slightly away from the side in which the sonogram is to be performed.5-10MHz high resolution. Ultra sound can also be used to guide a needle biopsy.Ultrasonography uses on the Thyroid y y y Ultrasonography is the most common and useful way to image the thyroid gland and its pathology. y Normal Sonographic Appearance A normal thyroid appears homogeneous and moderately echogenic Procedures to Ultrasound the Thyroid Transducer y 7. A pillow or a rolled towel should be placed under the patient's neck to maintain hyperextension.

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