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Dry factor (converts AD to Dry) (100-ADM)/100 Dry = AD / ((100-ADM)/100) b. AR factor (converts Dry to AR (100-TM)/100 AR = Dry x ((100-TM))/100) c. DAF factor (converts Dry to DAF) (100-Dry Ash)/100 DAF = Dry / ((100-Dry Ash)/100) Where: TM is Total Moisture ADM is Air Dried Moisture (Moisture in the Analysis Sample) AR is As Received Basis AD is As Determined (Air Dried) Basis Dry is Dry Basis DAF is Dry Ash Free Basis 2. Two Stage Total Moisture Formula (Refer to ASTM / ISO) Two stage total moisture determination is used when the coal sample is too wet to divide or crush without the potential of loosing significate amounts of moisture amounts of moisture. TMar, % = [RMad, % x (100 - FMad, %) / 100] + FMad % M = Total moisture; FM = Free Moisture; RM = Residual moisture 3. Calorific Value Conversion Factors: MJ/kg = kcals/kg / 238.846 MJ/kg = Btu/lb / 429.923 kcal/kg = MJ/kg x 238.846 kcal/kg = Btu/lb / 1.8 Btu/lb = MJ/kg x 429.923 Btu/lb = kcals x 1.8 4. CO2 Emission Factor: t/CO2/TJ = As Received Carbon x 3.667 x [10,000/NCV(p)] in kJ/kg= As Received Carbon x 3.667 x [2388.46/NCV(p)] in kcal/kg 5. Fuel Ratio = Fixed Carbon / Volatile Matter 6. Hydrogen in Coal: Refer to ASTM 3180 / ISO 1170 In-as-much as hydrogen values may be reported on the basis of containing or not containing the hydrogen in water (moisture) associated with the sample, alternative conversion procedures are defined below: Use following conversions to report H including or excluding H in moisture:

Total Hydrogen as-determined (ad): includes H in the analysis moisture 1. Hydrogen (excluding H in moisture) H(dry base) = [Total Hydrogen(ad)-(AMx0.1119)] x (100/(100-AM)) 2. Hydrogen (including H in moisture) H(ar) = [Total Hydrogen(db) x ((100-TM)/100)]+(0.1119*TM) 3. ISO 1170 reports H air-dried basis excluding H in the as analysed moisture. H(air-dried) = Total Hydrogen(as-determined) - (Analysis Moisture x 0.1119) Hydrogen and Oxygen Factors based on the atomic weight of H20 Hydrogen = Moisture X 0.1119 Oxygen = Moisture X 0.8881 7. Net Calorific Value (NCV) Conversion Factors: Ref: Net Calorific Value (ASTM D5865-03) The heat produced by combustion of a substance at a constant pressure of 0.1 Mpa (1 Atm), with any water formed remaining as vapour. ISO 1928-1995 at constant volume Qv, net,m,J/g =( Q gr,v,d - 206.0 [ wHd ] ) x (1-0.01xMT) - (23.05x MT) Qv, net,m,kcal/kg = ( Q gr,v,d - 49.20 [ wHd ] ) x (1-0.01xMT) - (5.51x MT) ISO 1928-1995 at constant pressure Qp, net,m,J/g = { Q gr,v,d - 212.2 [ wHd ] - 0.8 x [wOd + wNd] } x (1- 0.01MT) - 24.43 x MT Qp, net,m,kcal/kg = { Q gr,v,d - 50.68 [ wHd ] - 0.191 x [wOd + wNd] } x (1- 0.01MT) - 5.84 x MT [ wHd ] = H content of the sample less Hydrogen present in the moisture w(H)d = w(H) x 100/100-MT MT= Total Moisture ASTM 5865/3180 at constant pressure Qp(net)ar,J/g = Qvar(gross) - (215.5 x Har) Qp(net)ar,Btu/lb = Qvar(gross) - (92.67 x Har) Qp(net)ar,kcal/kg = Qvar(gross) - (51.47 x Har) Har = total hydrogen where hydrogen includes hydrogen in Sample Moisture Har = [(Had-0.1119xMad) x (100-Mar)/(100-Mad)] + 0.1119 x Mar 8. Seyler’s Formula: Various parameters of Coal can be estimated from the Ultimate Analysis and Calorific Value determinations, using Seyler's formula, and other similar calculations (e.g. Dulong's formula). Reference: * COAL -Typology -Physics -Chemistry -Constitution D.W. Van Krevelen (third edition 1993) Page 47 VMdaf = 10.61Hdaf - 1.24Cdaf + 84.15 Hdaf = 0.069 (Qdaf/100+VMdaf) - 2.86 Cdaf = [0.59 (Q,daf/100 - 0.367VMdaf) + 43.4]

** ISO 1928-1995 Part E.3.3 Estimate of the hydrogen content, calculated using Seyler's Formula wH = 0.07 x w(V) + 0.000165 x qv,gr,m - 0.0285 x [ 100 - MT - w(A) w(H) - is the H content of sample less H contained in moisture, as % mass w(V) - is the VM content of sample with moisture content MT, as % mass w(A) - is the ash content of sample with moisture content MT, as% mass qv,gr,m - is the gross CV of sample with moisture content MT, in joules/g Note.1** Only valid when the calculated Hdb is greater than 3% Note.2* Only valid when the Odaf content is less than 15% Note.3 Can give erroneous results if coal shipments are a blend of low and high rank coals 9. Dulong's Formula GCV(db) = 333xC(db) + 1442(H(db) - O(db) / 8) + 93xS(db) GCV is in (kJouls/kg dry basis). C, H, O, S as percent on a dry basis

A draft survey is a means of determining the weight of material loaded onto or discharged from a vessel. This measures the displacement in water prior and after loading or discharge. By recording the initial displacement of the vessel, prior to loading (or prior to discharge) and then after, the weight of the cargo can be determined. Experienced and highly qualified SGS surveyors can produce accurate draft survey weights. During the draft readings, several other key factors are taken into account and measured before the weight of the cargo loaded or discharged can be determined. These include: • • • • The density of sea or river water Changes in quantity of ballast between initial and final draft readings Changes in consumables on the vessel between initial and final draft readings (fuel oil, potable water, etc.) Allowance for trim and deformation corrections (SGS uses data from the vessel’s draft tables)

The accuracy of a weight determined by draft survey depends upon sea conditions at the time of loading or discharge (pitch and swell) and the weight of the cargo loaded when compared to the total capacity of the vessel.

which then calculates the weight loaded or discharged. Top of Form Bottom of Form Draft Survey: Procedures and Calculation Aug 25 SurveyorsSurveyors draft survey. This result is reviewed before being released to you and the raw data is retained for further review.SGS has trained draft surveyors who work to a defined draft survey protocol. Raw data are fed into a spreadsheet format. marine surveyor 79 Comments .

Reading the draftmark of the ship. Aftward Starboard Side (AS). Forward Starboard Side (FS).Draft Surveyor. fuel oil. i.e. View the Draftmark: Draftmark illustration Use the small boat to go around the ship and get as near as possible to the draft mark for best viewing. Midship Starboard Side (MS). The Draft Survey procedures and calculation ascertained as the following series : 1. because reading the draftmark is .. 4. Reading the Draftmark Finally. fresh water that existing onboard at the time of survey. Reading the Draftmark of the ship Commonly. and After at both sides of the ship. Fore. Aftward Port Side (AP). Using Hydrostatic Table provided onboard to calculation. The surveyor should be read all above marks clearly. which consist of six (6) points of draftmarks. I have comfort time to complete this post after having busy with some surveys that I should fulfil. all ship are designed with draftmark for working with Draft Survey to determined their actual weight. Midship Port Side (MP). Any terms on this post should be referred to previous post Draft Survey: Terms of Conduct. 2. The draftmark could be find at six (6) points on the below places: • • • • • • Forward Port Side (FP). Sampling and testing the sea water or dock water density at the place where the vessel floats. Midship. 3. Determining of deductible weights by measuring and sounding of ballast tanks.

the Apparent Trim is the Trim that visually find. and for Oil complete it with density and temperature . Why? Because the ship draft will not be the same at different water densities (at the lower density means the ship more sink and at the higher density means the ship more float). The Fresh Water was at density 1. but this process is hard to do and involves many rules of conduct to gain the correctness and accuracy of Draft Survey itself (I will post it later). Its useless and un-professional.the first and most essential process. Records all in the survey book includes with the density for Ballast and Bilges. Fuel and Diesel Oil. To determine the density of water. Inserted the Hygrometer on to the water sample on the Sampling Can or Tube. so we could do calculation. Determining of deductible weights by measuring and sounding Deductible Weight could measure by sounding the tanks which used the Sounding Tape or gauging the tank level by visual inspection. As the ship draftmark is not placed at the perpendicular. we need the instrument named Hydrometer or Density Meter. Any deductible weight such as Ballast Water. and Fore Mean or Am = (AP+AS)/2.000. The draftmark read is recorded on the surveyor notebook.025 and the fresh water at density 1. I think all necessary data was completed. Where as the water density is subject to changes which follow with water tide that carrying different water salinity and temperature on to the ship dock.000. I am not saying that other processses is not essensial. while Apparent Trim or AT = Am – Fm. do not try to remember it or write down in your palm hand. Draftmark posision and correction to perpendicular. Mid Mean or Mm = (MP+MS)/2. Fore Mean or Fm = (FP+FS)/2. The sea water density is indeed at density 1. Fresh Water. then we could check the scale pointed on the surface of the sampling water. This table is included all data that we need to complete the calculation. The calculation is uses Displacement Table or usually called Hydrostatic Table. directly engage with the sampling of sea water or river water around the ship’s dock. View the Sounding Pipe: Sounding Pipe Using Hydrostatic Table provided onboard to begin calculation. and Bilges is notify to check. • Raw Draft Calculation. Sampling and testing the sea water or dock water density After reading the draftmark. the Fore and After draft should be corrected with distance from the • . Records the water dock density as survey data.

025) / 1. the deductible also need to corresponding to the table that named Tank Table / Tank Capacity Table. Mid draft corrected or Mcd = Mm + Mc. Fore and After Mean Draft or FAm = (Fcd + Acd)/2. Refer to the sounding records that done before. and if the Trim by Head (stem). Coresponding to the MMM or Quarter Mean result. And we have got the Displacement corrected by Density or DispDenc = DispT + Denc. In case of at some port where the water salinity is high. to estimate the quantity of cargo onboard. and LBM = Length Between Mark or Length between Fore and After draftmarks or LBM = LBP – (Fd + Ad). and MTC. First Trim Correction or FTc = (TT x LCF x TPC x 100) / LBP. • • • • . Total Deductible or Deduct = Ballast Water + Fresh Water + Bilges + Fuel Oil + Diesel Oil. where the Aden is Actual Density that surveyor has taken sampling and testing previously. the Fore correction should be plus and After correction minus. Some Hydrostatic table provided with these correction result. True Trim or TT : Actual Ship Trim after draft corrected or TT = Acd – Fcd. and Mean of Mean of Mean Draft or MMM or Quarter Mean = (MM + Mcd)/2. (after corrected by density we will get the actual ship weight as per shown by Draft Survey) Deductible Calculation. Records them accurately. this total should be minus to the Displacement corected by Density. due to the Actual Density is usually lower than 1. and After draft corrected or Acd = Am + Ac.025 (fresh sea water). Density Correction or Denc = DispT x {(Aden – 1. The same as draft. The correction rules is: if the Trim by Stern. the Fore correction should be minus and After correction plus. Displacement. The above calculation is similar with : MMM = {(Fcd x 1) + (Acd x 1) + (Mcd x 6)}/8.draftmark to perpendicular. Mean of Mean Draft or MM = (FAm + Mcd)/2. Get the Displacement or Disp. The Net Displacement or NDisp = DispDenc – Deduct. The result always plus (+). the surveyor could be calculate the total deductbile existing onboard. the density correction could be plus (+). • • • • • • • • • • True Draft Calculation / Draft Corrected. Second Trim Correction STc = (TT x TT x MTC x 50) / LBP. For Unloading. the Net displacement should be minus with Light Ship and Constant. But if not the reference pattern is for Fore Correction or Fc = (Fd x AT) : LBM and After Correction or Ac = (Ad x AT) / LBM. Could be plus or minus depend on LCF. Where Fd = Fore distance to perpendicular.025}. LCF. The Midship correction is parallel with the fore correction with the same pattern. The Net Displacement is the actual ship weight after minus with deductible weight. the surveyor could check the value of needed parameters on Hysdrostatic table like. Ad = After distance to perpendicular. Fore draft corrected or Fcd = Fm + Fc. Displacement corrected by Trim or DispT = D – (FTc + STc). The density correction commonly in minus (-). TPC.

Rahul Rai Feb 09. Surveyors 3.Take 10 readings which you have to then make an average by divided to 10. Please make it specific.. Regards. Such device are based on the principle that the turbulence on the surface of the water does not extend down to any great depth.I think difficult for the amateur writer like me to describe the complex narration of draft survey calculation. flexible. A measuring device may to be use to improve the accuracy of draft measurement. :) Draft Survey: Terms of Conduct Draft Survey: Specimen of Calculation 79 Comments (+add yours?) 1. the sample of Draft Survey Calculation will be post sooner or later. they use a long. open ended. First way: . 2011 @ 22:58:48 what is the formula for cargo calculation .The result gained is the best draft that near to the actual draft. Surveyors Feb 17. but to make it clear. Surveyors Feb 16.From the above reading you have to eliminate 2 readings (1 of the highest level and 1 of the lowest level) . Surveyors 2. 2011 @ 16:13:45 Dear Ferdhy. Second way It is recommended to use the Draft Measuring Equipment. 2011 @ 09:25:08 Hi Rahul. . weighted hose projecting downwards to below the turbulence. what is the formula you mean? what calculation do you wanna do? Regards. .You have to read 12 (twelve) times when the swell showing the high and the low levels.

. ferdhy Jan 26. and Aft. Surveyors Jan 22. The trim factor is made for trim correction at Forward. Surveyors 7. 2011 @ 12:46:25 Hi George. 2011 @ 20:47:24 Dear mr. Mid. Yes you could do it. 2011 @ 12:55:01 Dear Anatoly. Surveyors Jan 22. Regards.thanks 5. 2011 @ 12:48:47 Captaouf. Surveyors Jan 22. surveyor how to read actual draft mark at water swell condition. These correction applied at the mean draft to obtain the corrected mean draft. Mid. and Aft. Surveyors Jan 22. I have no formula that you meant. These correction applied at the mean draft to obtain the corrected mean draft. Surveyors 8. Regards.4. Regards. The trim factor is made for trim correction at Forward. I have no formula that you meant. 2011 @ 12:55:02 Dear Anatoly. Surveyors 6. The Draft Survey is possible for any conditions you meant.

Surveyors 9. Why it so and is it a correct way? Will be appreciated to hear any comments. 2011 @ 21:43:00 Good Day. There is a formula to get LCF using both trim factors and LBP. Please remind me if any issues regards this.frw so called apparent trim. 2010 @ 23:20:17 Dear Surveyors! Have one question. we have to refer to these trim. George Dec 12. but there are “trim factor fwd” and “trim factor aft”. Anatoly. So it used corrected trim to look at ballast tables with trim corrections.aft-d. Anatoly Jan 05. Sometimes there is no LCF mentioned in ship’s hydrostatic tables. So. 2010 @ 13:25:29 it possible the calculate the draft survey with negative trim or even keel 11. When we calculate the draft survey we use corrected trim (after correcting for distances of draft marks from perpendiculars) to enter the hydrostatic tables and ballast tables. Mr. if you find any information from the ship that the table is made refer to actual trim. you should use the actual one. As long as I know. In the other hand. I mean that all chief engineers and surveyors I have seen so far use apparent trim to enter the capacity tables with trim for bunker tanks. Regards. captaouf Dec 15. the ship tank table is made calibrate with the trim (apparent trim). do you have the formula? Thanks for help.Thanks for your questions. Surveyor. 10. Bat rgds George . However when everybody calculates the bunkers in fuel oil tanks or mdo tanks at time of bunker survey everybody use simply d.

http://www.jp/ship/ittc/presentation/Proc-Propulsion.martv. . . Best Regards.http://www. 2010 @ 17:21:45 . you could obtain by the following steps: .com/TECHPAPERS/All%20Papers/NavalArch/AnalysisA.sounding the tank.and calculate the Metric Ton quantity.riam. Surveyors 13.Ballast Water Density : 1. Ballast calculation is simple.ac. Surveyors Dec 08. You could refer to the Loading Manual Book that provided onboard the vessel. . Thanks for comment. .482.12.check the cubic quantity on the ship ballast tank table.020. Surveyors 14. Regards.35 M. 2010 @ 14:34:03 Dear Ipah. Regards.120 Cubic Meters.Sounding of tank DBT 1 P : 5. 2010 @ 14:00:26 Dear Nitin. For example : .Metric Ton quantity = 368.120 x 1. Surveyors 15.020 = 375.35 M = 368. .pdf . CADET IPAH MIUKELOM BEN Dec 05.kyushu-u. .pdf Hope the above can help you.taken the ballast water density. Surveyors Dec 08.Cubic quantity on table at 5. Surveyors Dec 08. 2010 @ 14:07:08 Dear Traore. You may check the following links : .

19. the calculation is directly to corrected draft): Fcd = 2. Example (briefly. Surveyors Nov 05.502 FAm = 2. 2010 @ 13:01:55 You are welcome Nguyenvanluu. meanwhile the deflection correction is applied at the Mean Draft.that based on draft. The calculation result is the same for both methods. 2010 @ 18:17:04 Dear Sir. 18.542 .232 Acd = 2.dear captian. nguyenvanluu Nov 04. 2010 @ 15:08:48 Dear Mcdudz. can you explain us how to make calculation on ballast? best regards 17. i am a cadet of maritime academy of Nigeria. due to it was made up to the Quartermean (Mean of Mean of Mean – MMM).851 Mcd = 2. For bulker vessels .The range may be taken from Cargo load of 7000 MT up to 15000 MT. Nitin Patel Nov 22. The Draft Survey formula has considered to deflection correction.Thanks! 20. Surveyors Nov 02. indicate any thumb rule OR Empirical formulae. 16.how can we ascertain the cargo weight which can be loaded in the vessel. could you please send me the procedure and methods of surveying one unit of the propulsion plant of a ship. TRAORE ABOUBAKAR Nov 23.could you pls. 2010 @ 12:43:25 I see this brief very useful to me to figure out steps to calculate the draft survey. 2010 @ 22:56:54 thank you for draft survey explanation.

Thanks. The Formula that I have inserted on my previous posts. I have respect for you explain any proble darft survey. Regards.MMM = (MM + Mcd) / 2 = 2. For Draft Survey Formula : .Hogging = 2.040 (Deflection or D) . Please advice me whether any mistakes. Regards. programs.000 dwt. SANTOSO Oct 26. as commonly use on the Ship’s Draft Survey.030) = 2. For Deflection correction: . As you know in big ship’s specially more than 80. I have some queries also. you could refer to my late posts.522 . 2010 @ 00:18:28 Good day. Regards.512 (use to check corresponding displacement at table) 2.512 For any abbreviations.040) = 2. 2010 @ 09:02:09 Dear sir.542 = -0.FAm = 2.542 . mcdudz Oct 12. Surveyors 22. pls advise if the deflection correction are still aplicable now a days? As I look some draft survey reports. Surveyors Nov 02. Surveyors 21. Can you give me a simple formula to calculate cargo on boat with draft survey? Thanks for your answer. the deflection correction is not found or applied.1.542 + (-0.502 – 2. Practicips 23.542 + (3/4 x -0.Equivalent Draft = FAm + 3/4 D = 2. there no simple formula for Draft Survey. . the deflection correction is big.MM = (FAm + Mcd) / 2 = 2. Pls advise also your calculation in deflection correction if you have. 2010 @ 13:37:05 Dear Santoso.

due to I am rarely check my mail. Or he wanna test the surveyor at the time :) In the end. comment or feedback on this website. please asking for the Original Hydrostatic (in blue printing) from the ship to get the correct information and calculation. I asked the Chief Officer about it. You can drop your question. Surveyors Sep 10. . etc.24. I back to the table and checked the LCA and written down as LCF. Surveyors Oct 04. Khan Oct 02. I try to guess the LCF. When the first time meeting with this case. and reopen the Hydostactic Table many times but nil. Then. Regards. Thanks. I am very confusing. It is recommended for surveyor to check the terms and the calculation rules that provided on the Hydrostatic Table prior doing calculate. So.. Unfortunately he did not know because he is the new Chief Officer and doing calculate with the Loading Manual on Ship’s Computer.com... 2010 @ 00:01:52 Hi Luis.yusuf(at)live. I have ever found the same case like yours. My mail address is faisal. 2010 @ 11:47:12 Dear Khan. Surveyors 25. If you are in doubt. In the case. then I found LCA = LCF (Longitudinal Center of Floatation) That the answer. I reopened the data page and rechecked the Terms : LBP = Length between Perpendicular MTC = Moment to ChangeTrim at 1 cm. Regards 26. you may also find LCB = LCF. etc. 2010 @ 21:34:10 Dear Sir What is your email address? I tried to post my questions 3 times but seem like it go no where. The best you can do is find the terms on Hydrostatic Table that you working with. Usually in the first page you will find it.

Atau kalau bahasa yang menjadi kendala. Mungkin kamu belum begitu familiar dengan istilah perkapalan. 2010 @ 19:38:31 Dear Surveyor can u pl mail me what is the procedure to calculate draft of Petroleum Tanker / vessel and oil tanker / vessel 29. venu gopal Jul 28. Luis 28. surveyors Jul 07.google. Ada juga Training Draft Survey yang diadakan oleh Asosiasi Independent Surveyor Indonesia (AISI) coba check di http://www. surveyors Jul 07.org. Thanks. 2010 @ 01:19:29 Hi Feras. Salam. 2010 @ 02:29:53 Dear Sir. I could try to find the answer. Luis Zuniga Aug 16. Terimakasih untuk komentarnya. . Surveyors 27. Unfortunately no cross curves were available.. Please clarify what does “the vessel is half loaded but yet above zero” means? So.com/#. kamu bisa kopi artikel nya dan terjemahkan di http://translate. In some vessels I have found that no information about LCF is vailable in the Hydrostatic tables.aisi-indonesia. Surveyors 30. all the others are except LCF.Regards. no more ship’s info available also There is some way to calculate the LCF value?? Appreciatte in advance your answer. 2010 @ 01:31:59 Hi Tamim.

. . and make avarage draft from the 10 results remained. istilah yang sering d gunakan dan contoh perhitungannya 32. 2010 @ 08:54:26 dear sir.Vessel is secured at the wharf properly. but the basics are : . derrick etc).Use the small boat to read close the Draft Marks. Me in my best. . Actually it should be write down in one posting.For the heavy swell sea condition it is recommended to read and record 12 times. saya tertarik ingin mempelajari draught survey tapi. Surveyors 31. (ballast. thanks. . what sign does the LCF get if it is reducing.Find the draft in meter first then continue with centimeter to prevent big error. . .No any ship’s liquids transfer activity allowed during reading. fresh water. There are some rules to get the best result. terima kasih atas artikel bapak ini. where the Draft Survey is begin from the reading part. . karena ada istilah yang tidak saya mengerti dan perhitungannya saya harap bpk mw memberi penjelasan tentang draught survey. Draft Mark reading is the essential part of Draft Survey. my question is: regarding the lcf sign as to be applied for the formula used to calculate the first trim correction.Read the Draft Marks as close as possible. Trying to post this as complete version soon. do not see it from the ship’s maindeck.i.Best Regards. . feras Jul 04.No any ship’s gears movement allowed at the time. surveyors May 30. taken out 1 biggest and 1 smallest of the reading results. (such as crane. 2010 @ 14:24:21 Waalaikum Salam. saya bingung untuk mempelajarinya. fuel and diesel oil). 2010 @ 15:11:13 dir pak surveyor.e the vessel is half loaded but yet above zero!? is it minus or plus??? very urgent reply required 33. tamim Jul 05.

Kind Regards Joe TOVA 36. I read your data related to draft survey which is very helpful for me and i learn manay thinks which I not know abt. the Density Correction is the correction for water mass weight. Joe TOVA May 27. Surveyors 34. please if you can send me answer by mail i will very thankfull of you Best Regard Ejaz Khan . the Ship Hydrostatic Table is makes at Sea Water Density (1. surveyors May 30. it shoud be applied density correction to gain the actual weight.025). There is no relation between Density Correction to Ship Light Ship and Constant. 2010 @ 13:57:54 Dear Joe.Would greatly appreciate your expect advice and answers. Regards. Fisrt.Second one. I’m new in this field of surveying and I was hoping if you could clarify the following. Commonly. Displ Corrected for trim – Actual Displ = Density correction. Ejaz Khan May 26. Q: What’s the significance of ‘density correction’ and also is there a relation between Density Correction and the Ships lightship constant. you could check my last post Draft Survey : Terms of Conduct for Light Ship and Constant Terms. 2010 @ 13:19:56 Assalamoalykom Dear Faisel how r u. As the ship is floating on the sea water or river water that may have different densities. I am First time asking to you some questions my 1st question is that plz can you Expalan that which kind of Ruls are involved to Record Draft Marks (You said abt that you will post later) and my 2nd question is What is light ship & Constent onboard. Regards. 2010 @ 11:39:47 Dir Sirs. Surveyors 35.

37. but certainly you do devide it. surveyors Mar 18. Its happen due to point of LCF sometimes moving to the aft and fore of Ship Centre / Midship. I think the data to be followed was written on the Hydrostatic Table. Mathematically. 2010 @ 22:40:09 Good day. 2010 @ 10:08:51 Hi Mehdi. 2010 @ 19:55:40 Dear Sir How do i calculate approx. This will be influent to reduce FTc total value when you do calculate it. Appreciated you as my Senior. where it will result the LCF in Minus and Plus.15 with other numbers. . FTc is more fluctuate than STc. Mannu May 02. draft of a newly build vessel with all deadweight on board. But if then we verify and will find that the both correction is applied trim to complete the calculation. 39. I am a junior surveyor struggling to learn draft survey I would like to know the formula to calculate especially LBM: length between mark FD “ Fore distance to perpendicular: AD : after distance to perpendicular: Thank you very much indeed 38. What all parameters do i need for it from stability booklet. Thanks for comment.15 depends on the LCF’s distance from Midship.00 like 0. D. Can you explain with an example. as I have just completed 10% surveys of yours. HIGLY APPRECIATE IF YOU SEND ME BY RETURN MAIL THE ASTM TABLE 54 FOR VCF DENSITY& TEMP CORRECTION TKS& RGDS 40.RATNAYAKE Apr 02. you have been times 0. john May 10. 2010 @ 00:33:03 DEAR SIR. The value of LCF could be down below the 1. The more trim you get the more correction will be.

1 s / d 0. Regards. And the MTC value is typically the high number.On the other hands. In fact the practice of this ideal condition can rarely be achieved minimum range within the limits 0. Faisal 41. In the next steps. Regards. Could you throw some light on tolerance limits of Draft survey for different vessel sizes. Regards. When the technique is still less true implementation. 2010 @ 09:13:50 Dear Nitin. when all the requirements in the calculation of survey based on the Draft UN / ECE Code 1990 followed. the deviation can be achieved up to 1%. means above 3. Faisal 42.5% of the total weight. Faisal 43. the surveyor need to carry out the final draft survey in the same way when the ship has completed discharge her cargo.000 DWT between 0. surveyors Mar 18. surveyors Mar 18. Thanks. The initial survey Net displacement that deducting / minus with the final survey Net Dispalcement will show you the total amount of cargo discharge from the mentioned ship.6%. Anyone has any advice? waiting for your comment. when the ship arrive at discharge port. 2010 @ 19:10:00 Dear Sir. so it will advance for your calculation. .3%.3 s / d 0. 2010 @ 09:54:54 Nitin.00. the accuracy could be expected in the limit: .000 DWT between 0. . Nitin Patel Mar 17.For ship <10.For ship >10. the Specimen of Calculation on the post is made for initial survey. Here the experience and skill of surveyor are involved. the MTC is not subject to minus.

44. 45. Faisal 47. 2010 @ 11:44:52 . use one illustrative example and make use of figures. surveyors Feb 26. You should check the port and starboard draft at stern for your draft survey. Thanks for your questions. As my experience. 48. 2010 @ 13:40:23 Hi Herah. Regards. I will post soon: how to calculate ship bunker.8595 to 0.00065. the draft at the Aft on the flat of stern that usually found in the container ship is additional draft for reference only.Pls.9245 with Correction Factor Per Degree Celcius at 0. You could refer it to the Fore and Aft Distance on Hydrostatic Table that provided by the ship and compare with your draft reading place. Nitin Patel Mar 17. surveyors Mar 03. 2010 @ 18:24:26 Pls advise if the draft marks aft are on the flat of the stern and on the after end of the rudder need any correction or not. Nick Feb 28. Regards. explain me the total draft survey of a dry bulk vessel with detailed calculations . Refer to your first question. The second: For SG 0.. Thanks. Faisal 46. 2010 @ 19:06:12 PLs. I see many containerships with the draft marks aft on the flat of the stern. surveyors Mar 03. as known the correction is applied from the draft mark location.9900 is included on 0. 2010 @ 14:03:49 Hi Nick.

2010 @ 18:57:55 Sir. .The complete calculation will be posting soon. what is the coefficient factor if you have 0.9700.Hi Darussalam..9844:average combined SG+TCF is 0. Darus Feb 25.ASTM Table 54B for VCF is gained by Oils Density @15C and Temperature. thanks for the information… can you give me a simple calculation for tank sounding for bunker?? Regards Darus.. . 2010 @ 15:12:58 dear sir. student23 Feb 25. mehdi shamlou Feb 25.9900: TCF at 40 degree celcius is 0.one thing which I still am thinking about and not found answer is in some cases the second trim correction was larger than FTC . plz answer this problem for calculating bunker: A vessel is to take a 1000 MT of IFO.. Just check the blog later. . 2010 @ 17:16:36 Dear colleuges I have done almost 3000 attendances on vessels for draft survey. Regards. . student23 Feb 25.Quantity in Kiloliter @15C (x) Weight Correction Factor (from ASTM Table 56) resulting Quantity in Metric Ton. 2010 @ 19:04:01 Sir.Sounding resulting Quantity in Cubic Meter (see on Tank Quantity Table).Quantity in Cubic Meter (x) Volume Correction Factor (from ASTM Table 54B) resulting Quantity in Kiloliter @15C. Simplify the calculation for tank sounding were as follows : .9900 Specific gravity @ 15 degree celcius? 50.Calculate correction made:SG at 15 degree celcius is 0. 49. Thanks for your comment.? Why warm regrads mehdi 52. . Can you answer this problem ? 51.

53. The above formula you have submitted is not correct.B. . V. I am also surveyor too. i want to know what is the MCTC and way they uses during draft calculation LCF and MCTC. Faisal 54. 2010 @ 02:20:49 Let ROB = x A – B / C – B = x – D / E -D (A-B/C-B)+D = x / (E-D) (A-B/C-B)+D ____________ = x (E-D) 55. You’d better to check it. kindly give me reply. You could check in my previous post and read the downloadable materials. 2010 @ 01:11:33 is there any shortcut for the interpolation method shown above? I know my professor taught us but coudn’t remember. surveyors Feb 06.PANDYA Feb 05. Regards. 2010 @ 13:21:15 Dear Ariz. Ariz Dadiz Feb 25. 2010 @ 11:49:28 Thanks Pandya. Sir.. 57. thanks Aris 56. 2010 @ 16:28:15 Hello. Ariz Dadiz Feb 25. Thanks for comments. maybe you misplace the elements. surveyors Feb 25.

2010 @ 15:28:09 Good day. Because we should consider the unique shape of the ship to make calculation for Draft Survey (except for box shape vessel). – to fore) LBP – length between perpendiculars So after getting A.thanks. Is there a formula or do you have an easy method for calculating the weight using the true trim that is not on the hydrostatic table eg. 2009 @ 14:54:30 I use this correction formula for ballast tanks: A=S-Trim*Ltank/(2*LBP) A – Adjusted Sounding at Aft Bulkhead Tank S – Actual Sounding Ltank – length of the tank Trim – vessel’s trim(+ to aft. Please take a look the sample of Interpolation on my post Draft Survey: Specimen of Calculation. 2010 @ 13:55:27 Dear Ashveer. “surveyors” Your formula show more ballast water in tank when vessel’s trim is to aft. 58. This formula can be used only when the tanks have a almost paralelipipedic shape (no way to be used for forepeak and afterpeak). refers it to the Tank Capacity Table to find the quantity on Tank. which is not true. . Laur Dec 09. surveyors Feb 04. Mr. ToonaVaraRano Jan 02. Ashveer Jan 23. Thanks for comment. I think there is no formula or easy method likes you meant. T1 given t3 given calculate weight found t2 between given trims for a specific sounding. I am a junior surveyor struggling to learn interpolation . 59. Really would appreciate your help 60. If the vessel has no correction tables for ballast tanks is advisable to ask that the vessel to be put on even keel(if is safe). 2010 @ 12:06:12 Thanks for the blogpost! 61.

2009 @ 11:09:33 Thanks Suhendar. surveyors Oct 28. Kindly pls advise the rule for percentage of different between draft survey with shore scale/weigher. Both of them are recommended.62. Thanks/Suhendar 65. Suhendar Oct 23. The Scale is essensially uses for actual quantity received by the Receiver. and the Scale is depends on the accuracy of calibration of unit of Scale. i was wondering if you could post any example of procedure in draft survey on calculating the ballast considering trim and when ballast in cargo hold corrections for add. student 63. surveyors Oct 14. Faisal 64. as long as I known there is no rules to arrange the percentage of differences for both techniques. Caused each Technique should be accurate. 2009 @ 17:51:20 Dear Sir. it should be resulted the same figure of weight quantity. 2009 @ 08:45:10 Alex. The Draft Survey and Shore Scale / Weight Scale were the same function to determine quantity of cargo. Also procedure when calculating fuel. 2009 @ 11:14:46 Dear All. Draft Survey is depends on the Hydrostatic Table calibration. Regards. And if the Techniques has the same accuracy. student Oct 29. because you never know how much cargo losses or spillages during discharging and conveying by truck to the Scale. Regards. For Bulk Cargo. For other readers. please submit your comments if you have got the rules as Suhendar asked for. it is recommended to use draft survey. . height when measuring from top.

Faisal 66. Regards. due to on tug / vessel with trim the liquid on tank were at different level between sides (fore and aft sides of tank). 68. As your sounding quantity still in Cubic Meter. Alex Oct 13. Thanks to comment. surveyors Oct 08. that was really helpful. Although in calculation the differences of both methods (1 and 2) in small quantities as well. the D they meant is D after 1st and 2nd trim correction. By mean. Waiting for your next comments. Valter. I am in opinion that the Displacement corrected to density should be the displacement after corrected by the 1st and 2nd trim correction. 2009 @ 12:46:55 Dear Capt. The correction is made to flat it on the same level (being actual liquid level) for calculation. Alex Oct 13. the density of fuel oil is needed to converted the Cubic Meter to Kilo Liter. :) . Regards. 2009 @ 20:02:43 Dear Sir. and than from Kilo Liter to Metric Ton.You have to consider the trim of tug boat to obtain the correction of sounding that you have done. The UN ECE might be mean the same. ASTM Table 54b (for Volume Correction Factor or VCF) and Table 56 (for Weight Correction Factor or WCF). 2009 @ 13:11:02 Thanks. but it could be a question to standard of draft survey that we have to use from the our customers. This method is commonly use for bulk carrier and it recorded on vessel hydrostatic table. where we mentioned as DispT. the vessel displacement should be free from all vessels un-box shape and un-even keel correction before correcting by density. Alex 67. What if we have to consider the trim of the tugboat and the density of the fuel oil? Please advise.

Expect to read the Draft maximum sea vessels.025) / 1. pipes installed along the width of the entire ship – the size is taken from the overall width. mounted on both ends of the pipe to facilitate water level measurements. . I’m asking You for the opinion becouse we have discousssed a lot among my coleagues. .If possible.Best Regards. strong.Sc.Reading Draft sea side obtained through adding to or subtracting from the land side of the manometer readings . 70. milind Oct 03. . I have find discrepancy between your way to calculate density correction and UN ECE recomandations (which is used as a standard for many customers). Faisal 69. Your way and also my opinion is the same Denc = DispT x {(Aden – 1. UN ECE method Denc = D x {(Aden – 1. 71.In circumstances like this. 1.025} Please tell me your opinion. . 2009 @ 20:12:57 Dear sir. consisting of clear plastic hose. Regards Capt Valter Suban. VALTER SUBAN Oct 07. 2009 @ 11:07:45 Thanks that was helpful. 2009 @ 08:59:29 Hi Milind.025} 2.All air must be expelled from the hose and the pipe surface is maintained at a higher . The difference is in Displacement where by you Displacement corrected for the trim should be used. surveyors Oct 03. read the Draft and land next to the sea with the help of manometer. although it is not possible or dangerous. . while by UN ECE standard the displacement from the table (line 161) should be used.025) / 1.The surface is measured from the same base line and taken to the same distance from both sides of the ship’s centerline. M.

ANSWER: The width of effective 8:50 x 2 = 17. 2. :) 73.00M.375 – 26. the right side of the manometer readings 8.38m Tank sounding table shows: 1) 2. The Formula is: ROB = D + {((A – B) / (C – B)) x (E – D)} As per the above formula the ROB found 26. Alex . 26. the centerline Draft. surveyors Oct 03. 1994 72. if the difference between the 2 readings manometer manometer readings higher right = 25cm. I would like to know the formula to calculate the remaining bunker (MGO/Fresh Water/LO/GO/DO) on board based on the tank sounding table.00M.40 – 26. Thanks.K.85×0. VERSION.157 m3.400 = C.153m DRAUGHT SURVEY THE U.153m. you have to use interpolation to get the mentioned quantity.307m wide differences in management.elevation than the deck on the centerline. Centerline Draft = 0153 8:00 = 8.50 = E. Alex Hoe Sep 24.50m3 How to get the value (ROB) at 2. SAMPLE OF CALCULATION .380 = A.15m3 2) 2.15 = D. Let’s assume 2. 2. 2009 @ 07:59:01 Hi Alex. Full width of the ship = 20. and 26. . Differences half-width = 0307: 2 = 0.85 d = 20.50M on both sides of centerline.375 = B.The height of the water surface on both sides of the ship measured above deckline (h) or other fixed surface. For example: Sounding – 2. 2009 @ 00:26:02 Dear Sir. You can try it. with the triangle at 0:25: 17 = d: 20.38m? Regards.QUESTION: Draft midships left = 8. The difference between the height divided by two and the result (d) is added to or subtracted from the readings Draft one to get the mean on Draft centerline.25: 17 = 0. .85m. Draft midships Calculate the mean.

The formula is as follows: A = S + {(U – DF) x F} Where : . Regard. Myo Sep 06. Draft Survey formula is for general uses. 75. Myo 77. I have made try to adopt from Petroleum Calculation named Weight Formula.74.Because the technique in our country were very poor to learn. 2009 @ 12:31:14 Hi James.A : Adjusted Sounding at Aft Bulkhead Tank .Union of Myanmar at South East Asia. there is no differences for formula between the Ship and Hopper Barge Draft Survey. I want to request you that to explain about Draft survey for Barge carrier and Hopper calculation.D : Total Height of Tank .S : Actual Sounding .I want to know the formula to calculate the water content of Sea Sand cargo. Your posted were support me to learn about Draft survey. Milind Sep 23. you could download the complete Draft Survey Standard and Procedures at this LINK 76. Thanks for your comments. 2009 @ 10:14:28 Hi Myo.I’m a junior surveyor in our country.U : Sounding point distance to Aft Bulkhead . 2009 @ 16:09:51 Dear Sr. surveyors Sep 06... thanks for your question. For references. surveyors Sep 08. As I know. 2009 @ 16:24:48 Can some one please guide me on the procedure of calculating overside drafts of a vessel with a list and where over side drafts cannot be successfully read.

2009 @ 05:37:39 I found your brief on draught surveys very informative. A = 1. – Lenght Over All (LOA) : 182.50 meters.014 and DF = 19. marine surveyor 47 Comments As I have promised you.00 M.998 MT. The Ship’s Particulars shown : Name of Vessel : MV. James Barr Draft Survey: Specimen of Calculation Jan 26 SurveyorsSurveyors draft survey. now we could directly go to the point. For example No. U = 3. 78.27 + {(2.70 M. Can you advise if there is a standard correction formula for asertaining the amount of ballast in a tank where there are no trim corrections available. – Breath (B) : 32. I write down this post to explain specimen of Calculation in Draft Survey.20 M.DF = D x F.27 + 0.301.F : Trim Factor. .00 x 0.261 Then.27 + (2. – Net Tonnage (NT) : 17.664 MT. LBP = 182.014 = 0.45 M. – After Distance to Perpendicular (Ad) : 9. Trim = 2.00 meters. The vessel has alongside at the wharf in port to discharge the grain cargo.00 M.5 – 0.342 MT. OCEAN BALL. – Light Ship (LS) : 7. refers it to the Tank Capacity Table to find the quantity on Tank.014} A = 1.. – Gross Tonnage (GT) : 28.15 M.27 meters.00 meters. marine survey. – Summer Draft (SD) : 12. So after getting A.00 meters So we can calculate.5 : 182 = 0. Ok. D = 19.014) A = 1.163 M. Does anyone has the other correction ways? I would be plesant if you could submit reply to this comment. – Fore Distance to Perpendicular (Fd) : 1. where the formula is Trim divided by LBP. (check on Tank Capacity Table).780 MT. – Depth (D) : 17.261) x 0. Constant (CS) : 320 MT. F = 2.Port of Registry (POR) : Panama.239 x 0. – Lenght Between Perpendiculars (LBP) : 179. James Barr Sep 03. . 2 Water Ballast Tank Portside: Sounding = 1. Please also refer to the previous post Draft Survey : Procedures and Calculation. Regards.031 A = 1. – Summer Deadweight (DWT) : 52. See Picture : .

16 + 10.021112 . – Lub Oil (LO) : 29.79 M / Fore Draft Starboard (FS) : 10.00 MT.800 M.Fore Draft Port (FP) : 10.Mid Mean (Mm) = (MP + MS) / 2 = (10.375 M.800 = 0.00 MT.81 M.35 / 2 = 11.03) / 2 = 21.025.45 x 0.70 + 9.19) / 2 = 22.Density of Sea Water Sample (Den) : 1.81) / 2 = 21.00 Cubic Meter at Density 1.45) = 167. .79 + 10.Mid Correction (Mc) = (Md x AT) / LBM = (0.000 M (Not Available) . .03 M. During inspection.90 + 11.16 M / Aft Draft Starboard (AF) : 11.85 = 0.004 M (rounded to 3 Decimals).175 – 10.003798 = 0. .375) / 167.Diesel Oil (DO) : 161.93 / 2 = 10.Mid Draft Port (MP) : 10.00 – (1. .85 = 0.90 M / Mid Draft Starboard (MS) : 11.00 MT.Length Between Mark (LBM) = LBP – (Fd + Ad) = 179.Ballast Water (BW) : 265. ————————————————————————————————————– The Draft Survey Calculation is described as below : Raw Draft Calculation .Fore Mean (Fm) = (FP + FS) / 2 = (10.Fore & Aft Distance The Surveyor came onboard and made Draft Survey to determine the quantity of cargo on arrival.Aft Draft Port (AP) : 11.175 M.00 MT.60 / 2 = 10.19 M. . .Apparent Trim (AT) = Am – Fm = 11.Aft Mean (Am) = (AP + AS) / 2 = (11.021. . – Fresh Water (FW) : 183. .Fore Correction (Fc) = (Fd x AT) / LBM = (1.375) / 167.375) / 167. she’s draft marks and others data finds as the followings : .85 M Draft Correction to Distance to Perpendicular.965 M.00 x 0. .Aft Correction (Ac) = (Ad x AT) / LBM = (9. .85 = 0.70 x 0. . .Fuel Oil (FO) : 612.

210 +[ {(10. .9455 /2 = 10.266.3 x 54.266.965 + 10.860 MT (DISP.961 / 2 = 10.970 M : 54. .Fore and Aft Mean (FAm) = (Fcd + Acd) / 2 = (10.10. .220 .1. .180 +[ {(10.196 + 65.021 M (rounded to 3 Decimals).263 = 54.196 x 1) + (10.021 = 11.Mid Draft Corrected (Mcd) = Mm + Mc = 10.980 M : 54.10.790) / 8 = 87.010} = 54.980 M : 54.860 + 16.196) / 2 = 21. . we could obtain : Displacement (Disp) .970 M : 1.Disp at 10.010) = 54.210 + 0. .970)} x (54.196 M.003 /0.97275 M = 10.970) / (10.010) x 0.965) /2 = 21.210) = 54. .190 MT (Below LCF on Table). True Draft and True Trim . FULL).TPC at 10.266.860 +[ {(10.321. .TPC at 10. FULL).996) /2 = 21.970 M : 54.283.000 = 10.321.9805 + 10.796 M.965 + 0.973 M : 54.180 MT (Below LCF on Table).973 .796 + 11.= 0.210} = 54.Disp at 10.180)] .973 M : 1.796 x 1) + (11.10.980 .97275 M = 10.Quarter Mean (MMM) = (MM + Mcd) /2 = (10.Mean of Mean Draft (MM) = (Mcd + FAm / 2) = (10.996 M. .190 .9805 M.Aft Draft Corrected (Acd) = Am + Ac = 11.965 M.003 /0.973 M : 54.266.LCF at 10.266.10.Fore Draft Corrected (Fcd) = Fm + Fc = 10.970)} x (1.Disp at 10.10.970)} x (54.782 / 8 = 10. . . Longitudinal Centre Flotation (LCF) .004) = 10.True Trim (TT) = Acm – Fcm = 11.860)] = 54.54.210 MT (Below TPC on Table).800 + (-0.TPC at 10.LCF at 10.196 – 10.86 + (0.796 + 11.210)] = 54.400 M.3 x 0.003 = 54.210 {(0.070 . ————————————————————————————————————– Hydrostatic Table Refer to the Table.973 M.266.980 .996 x 6)} / 8 = (10.860 {(0.Or MMM = {(Fcd x 1) + (Acd x 1) + (Mcd x 6)} / 8 = {(10.980 M : 1.210 + (0.970) / (10.973 .970) / (10.213 MT.070 MT (DISP.992 /2 = 10.010) x 54.973 .10.123 MT Ton Per Centimeter (TPC) .175 + 0. Final Draft Calculation .980 .54. .LCF at 10.796 = 0.220 MT (Below TPC on Table).973 M.

180 + (0.003 = 1.183 M.= 1.180 + 0.3 x 0.003 /0.010) x 0.180 {(0. .010} = 1.010) = 1.

003 /0.060 709. .11.610 {(0.3 x 0.MTC = MTC 1 – MTC 2.MTC 1 at 11.470 M : 709.MTC 1 at 11.610 + 0.473 .5 = 11.5 = 10.473 M.470)} x (710.973 + 0.————————————————————————————————————– Moment To Change Trim (MTC) .010) x 0.610 (Below Table). . .473 M : 709. .135 = 709.480 .745.060 (Below Table).610)] = 709.MTC 1 = MMM + 0.MTC 1 at 11.480 M : 710.11.450) = 709.450} = 709.610 +[ {(11.470) / (11.610 + (0. .

473 M : 686.183 x 100) / 179. .5 = 10.192.213 x 1.470) / (10. we collected the data as follows: .Disp = 54.213.460 + (0.LBP = 179. .283. First Trim Correction (FTc) .473 M.True Trim (TT) = 0.010) x 0.003 /0.3 x 0. ————————————————————————————————————– **** From the above results.TPC = 54. .473 .0. . MTC = MTC 1 – MTC 2 = 709. . So.400 x 54.093 = 686.10.0.770 . – LCF = 1.MCT = 23.MTC 2 at 10.553 = 23.192.745 – 686.480 .123 MT.MTC 2 at 10.310} = 686.480 M : 686.553.310) = 686. .FTc = (TT x TPC x LCF x 100) / LBP = (0.5 = 10.183.460 (Below MTC on Table).000 .973 .10.00 M..770 (Below MTC on Table).MTC 2 at 10.MTC 2 = MMM . .460)] = 686.460 {(0.460 + 0.686.400 M.460 +[ {(10.470)} x (686.470 M : 686.

492 + (-211.369 = 54.DispT = Disp + (FTc + STc) = 54.025} = 54.298. Displacement Corrected to Density (DispDenc) .298.000 MT.. Displacement Minus to Deductible Weight = Net Displacement (NDisp) .000 MT.STc = (TT x TT x MTC x 50) / LBP = (0.897) = 54. .829. For the new ship.000 = 185. please refer to the Chief Officer Constant Declaration or Draft Survey Previous Port. – FW = 183.780. – FO = 612.729.025} = 54.NDisp = DispDenc .Light Ship (LS) = 7.BW = 265.000 = 44.192 x 50) / 179. or we could calculate it in the final survey after the Ship completing to discharge her cargoes (empty Ship).025) = 54.332 MT.To estimated quantity cargo onboard.025) / 1.400 x 23.970 – 7.000 MT. Displacement Corrected to Trim (DispT) .DispDenc = DispT + Denc = 54.298.595 MT.Denc = DispT x {(ADen – 1. – Constant (CS) = 320.000 + 320.400 x 0.625 MT.780.256.829.= 256. we need to know about Light Ship and Constant.331615 = 14. Density Correction (Denc) . Light Ship and Constant data is provided on the Ship’s Loading Manual. ————————————————————————————————————– See the following Draft Survey Report Form.283.897 MT.025) / 1.492 MT.298.970 MT.037 MT.000 MT.00 = 14.037) = 54. we could refer to the Constant on the Manual.Total Deduct = 1. but for the old ship it Constant may vary.536 / 179.0039024) = -211. .EstCOB = NDisp – (LS + CS) = 52.283.896554 = -211.829.025 = 271. Second Trim Correction (STc) .298.Deduct = 54.Actual Density (ADen) = Sample Sea Water Density = 1.332 + 1.625 = 52. Estimated Cargo onboard (EstCOB) . . – LO = 29.00) = 52. Deductible Weight (Deduct) .00 = 1.100.123 + 15.021 – 1.00 x 1.123 + (14.492 x (-0. 625 MT. .595 – 1. .256.004 / 1.970 MT.DO = 161.086.000 MT.35916 / 179.492 x {(1.970 – (7. 036514 = 1.086.492 x (-0.000 MT.021 .

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500 – 8. that it should be found before loading. it not changeable. Faisal 2.888 = 366 MT In the initial survey when the vessel carried 50. CS = 59. 3. except the tiny one. and till to discharging cargo. Regards. The actual constant will be getting when the ship is empty by Net Displacement – Lightship. It is Germany made and the temperature 27. Surveyors Jan 22.500 MT cargo (as per B/L). My device was in the same range but it look bigger. Pleas.pdf. For temperature 20 C. 2011 @ 09:43:09 Dear George.754 MT and lightship 8. freshwater. 2011 @ 13:36:44 Dear Nicolas. Surveyors.5 C. Regards. and minus deductible (ballast.888 MT CS = 9. but it is the proximate constant (as we do not know the cargo declare is right or not). bunker. I’ll be very pricier. Draft Survey: Procedures and Calculation Surveyors Moved 47 Comments (+add yours?) 1. Net displacement is the displacement after corrected by 1st and 2nd trim correction.etc). 2011 @ 18:02:54 Mr.and I understood.254 MT and lightship 8.Surveyor could you explain haw to found CONSTANT (CS).888 = 366 MT.254 – 8. Example : Net displacement 9. George Feb 14.888 MT.org/images/7/7f/NIST_History_of_Thermal_Compensation.754 – 50.We have completed the Initial Draft Survey. you could calculate constant as well. I hope it useful and see you in the next post. Surveyors . I think is nothing wrong with your device. it is industrial standard. Surveyors Feb 17. net displacement 59. density correction. Please check this link: http://pcdmiswiki.

Surveyors Dec 08. Surveyors Dec 08. Surveyors 9. Up to now.it’s such a bonus to my training … thanks again!!! 8.. . 2010 @ 14:22:32 Dear Capt. Regards. 2010 @ 07:39:53 Thank you so much for this column!…. 2010 @ 22:59:49 Dear Benny. captaouf Dec 15.0-1.4. nicolas Jan 17. 2010 @ 13:51:09 Dear Budi Santoso. but what confuses me is very small and ranging temperature is 20C. Wellcome. benny Dec 11.1. Surveyors 7. please oh please never stop this …you information is vital to the assistance of junior surveyours like my self …i look forward to more information about surveying …. 5.It is highly appreciated. Surveyors Dec 12. Regards. I can’t found another method for 2nd trim corrections as you are requested. 2011 @ 16:53:09 I ve just got a hydrometer ranging 1. 2010 @ 13:20:28 it s possible the calculate draftsurvey with negative trim 6.

Surveyors . 2010 @ 16:35:20 I am junior surveyor struggling to learn draft survey .The Trim is the different between the mean of After Draft and Fore Draft.34 M After Draft Starboard side : 2. thank’s 12. Surveyors Oct 20. Regards.10 M Fore Draft Starboard side : 2.36 M Mean of After Draft : 4. 2010 @ 13:54:03 Hi Elattar.35 M – 2.24 M. Surveyors 10. The calculation applied as follows : Fore Draft Port side : 2. the Trim = Mean of After Draft – Mean of Fore Draft = 4.11 M After Draft Port side : 4.12 M Mean of Fore Draft : 2. captaouf Dec 01. Thanks for appreciation. could u explain ”the trim calculation”. busan Nov 15.35 M So. Ashish Nov 12. 2010 @ 14:59:01 Thanks 13. Best Regards. 2010 @ 01:03:16 dear sirs: i forget how i can foun 2em trim correction there 2 methode what is the second methode for 2 trim correction best regards 11.11 M = 2.

Surveyors Sep 10. Thanks. E. Mehmet Sep 20. I was going through the draft survey calucation sheet posted by you and it seems to be helpful for bingners… i would appreciate if you can post some litrature on trimming of bulk carriers too… thanks n good day . 2010 @ 01:12:54 Hi Vishal. 2010 @ 08:42:12 Bro can u explain to me with chart how to get the formula 4 the pependicular correction and trim correction. my job volume is above normal. so I almost have no time to update this blog. As now.78 meters TPC = 10. It was brilliant and proves that you have incredible experience 15. Surveyors 18. Best Regards. 2010 @ 04:11:56 Dear Surveyor.52 mt how do we calculate her draft (in salt water) when she is loaded with 3000 mt of cargo please ? thank you. 17. Thank you very much for the explanation. 16. sam Sep 23. 2010 @ 16:08:49 hello. 2010 @ 21:31:19 Hi. I will consider it.Elattar Oct 11. Vishal Aug 11.14. mean draft = 1.

0m 3. i WILL WRITE AGAIN 3. 2.578m ??? Best regards.45) = 0.trim 3.000 – 3.0 – 223.0 So how to gat for value for 2.0 223.46 at trim 3.46 – ??? 2.578 correction is = 0 3. tun Jul 14.8 216.0m 3.19.0m 2.066 = C iv.266 = D v. (3.578m 4.01 : 0.8 – {(219.000 = 0. 2. See the following steps how to find 2.46 m .578 – 3. First.50 -2.000) = 0.000) : (4.50 226.46 m and trim 3. sounding 2.45) : (2.578 : 1.0 21.578m 4.8 2. 2.578: i.46 – 2. I would like to know tank sounding calculation formular. Tun .46 = C + {(D – C) x B} If you do the right calculation the result should be 219.45 = 219. Surveyors Jul 30.20 = B iii.05 = 0.578 = A ii.306.0 – {(226. Surveyors 20. 2010 @ 09:26:04 Dear SIR. 2010 @ 02:18:28 Dear Tun.46 ???? 2.8 216. 2010 @ 09:23:32 Dear Sir.0) x A} = 224.50 226.8) x A} = 218.8 2.45 219.0 223.45 219. Regards. tun Jul 14.50 = 226. you could do separate the calculation (interpolation) to find the quantity at the trim and sounding easier. (2.8 – 216.0m 2.

23. YBD Jul 11. surveyors Jul 07. Surveyors 25.56 M. ABOVE TWO QUESTIONS. For example : Ship’s Mean Draft is 5. TUN . As Terms : Ton Per Cm Immersion (TPC) the number of metric tones required to change the mean draft of a vessel by 1 centimeter. tun Jul 02. 2010 @ 16:26:51 DDEAR SIR. By means.22.00 MT onboard. The Ship Beam is the same meaning with Ship Breadth or Ship Width. Thanks for self-solving your previous two questions. When the ship’s mean draft is change to 5. Regards. Thanks for your question.SO HOW TO FIND OUT IT. Surveyors 24. BEST REGARDS.55 M.BUT WE DID NOT UNDERSTAND IS TPC CORRECTION . 2010 @ 00:46:31 Dear Pankaj.00 MT. every centimeter of ship’s draft going up or down on to the water will count by Metric Ton. Regards.WE FOUND AND UNDERSTOOD. 2010 @ 14:42:37 Grateful if you could post a Draft Survey Calculation for a vessel with draft marks and hydrostatic tables in Feet & Inches. surveyors Jul 07. TPC is 49. means the ship has received the load quantity 49. 2010 @ 01:45:30 Dear Tun.

tun Jul 02. pankaj Jun 22. BEST REGARDS. MTC 1 = MMM + 0. 2010 @ 11:17:27 Dear Surveyor. 2010 @ 19:02:01 Dear John.004m) Best regards. 2010 @ 17:11:40 I am junior surveyor struggling to learn draft survey . 2010 @ 15:10:31 Dear Survyor. Regards.26.HOW TO GET IT?) THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR REPLY. I have explained it on last post “Draft Survey Procedure and Calculation”.5 ( THIS 0. Tun 28.004m) ? From Draft correction to distance to Perpendicular calculation Fc is ( 0.5 IS FROM WHERE.WE ARE WAITING YOUR REPLY. tun Jul 02. TUN 27. Just take a look back. so please u tell me what is the meaning of ship beam.004M) Please explaine to me ( _ 0. Please explain to me above calculation . surveyors May 12.We do not understand one point TRUE DRAFT AND TRUE TRIM HOW GET (Fc is (_ 0. Sorry sir We have one more question. 29. Surveyors .

I am a junior surveyor struggling to learn draft survey I would like to know the formula to calculate especially LBM: length between mark FD “ Fore distance to perpendicular: AD : after distance to perpendicular: Thank you very much indeed 31. Best Regards. Keep in touch. I will post it once available. Thank you very much for the explanation. It was brilliant and proves that you have incredible experience. Sadanand . Rgds. I have never seen a tank capacity table. 33. 2010 @ 11:25:17 nice specimen . Can you please let me know or post a specimen of calculation for determining corrected sounding from the one physically observed on the tank using a tank capacity table.30. I have used Draft survey Lt which is freely available in google and easily downloadable. surveyors May 01. leyden Apr 28. Surveyors 32. Please try it and post your comment on this software. It wud be gr8. Sadanand Apr 23. john May 10. 2010 @ 18:10:17 Thanks Leyden. 2010 @ 21:03:13 Dear Surveyor. 2010 @ 23:16:22 Good day. have any specimens on grain loading calculations .

2010 @ 11:06:00 Dear Sadanand. Sadanand 36. Please can anyone brief me about V. and then compared against the shore TCV. A VEF(L – Load) should be developed at the load port using only load port TCV’s and discharge VEF(D – Discharge)’s should only use discharge port TCV’s. Regards. 2010 @ 20:23:36 Dear All.F. The adjusted vessel TCV is divided by the shore TCV to obtain a voyage VEF for each voyage.L. surveyors Apr 21. Sadanand Apr 20. The sum of all the qualifying vessel VEF’s are averaged to obtain the VEF. “Jack” Szallai – Orion Associates L.34.3% of the average ratio of all voyages listed. Faisal Source: John A. 2010 @ 19:01:05 Still waiting for the draft survey program.(Vessel Experience Factor) ? Regards. cristian Apr 16. surveyors Mar 25. . Voyages with no shore side measurements should also be excluded along with any voyage that is not with in +/. I have put downloadable pdf file regards to this matter on the download box. The VEF is a compilation of the Total Calculated Volume (TCV) measured on the vessel and adjusted for On Board Quantity (OBQ) or ROB (Remaining On Board). Even voyages that do not meet the qualifying voyage criteria should be included. A minimum of five qualifying voyages must be used to obtain a workable VEF.C.E. All voyages should be listed starting with the most current and working backwards. Voyages prior to structural changes that affected the vessel’s tank capacity should be excluded. 35.0. 2010 @ 12:53:14 Thanks Phlom. 37.

2010 @ 09:30:17 Dear Joseph.doc. you should need more effort to learn about basic . if you have any related articles you could send me one. 2010 @ 10:06:06 Dear Phlom. the Draft survey is the same with others science. Faisal 38.You could send any materials related to marine survey and surveyor that you have to my email. Thanks. I will published it on my blog. I was to my first draft survey. So thx! 39. Yesterday I have discussed by email with my friend Ronald. 2010 @ 04:50:27 I am back. surveyors Mar 18. 2010 @ 10:03:56 Dear Chistian. he will be given the raw program in excel to attach on my blog for reviewing by the blog visitors. On the last mail. Draft survey would be more prefer for seaman or the person who has experienced with ship. surveyors Mar 18. As observer…cause i am still learning :d But it was really interesting. cargo and port. Phlom Mar 25. Faisal 40. where everybody can do it as long as he/she has been wilfulness to learn it. Welcome. Then I will post it here. Best Regards. For pre-launching.pdf and . They are . Faisal 41. If is any study material that i can send it to you just mail me and i’ll look for it. he told me that he will launch the New Draft Survey Program. surveyors Mar 18. Regards. Thanks. Firstly. Regards. Hope it could be done. And i used youre specimen as example and it was very good. he said that the download link will submit to me on the next 14 days.

) Draft Survey: The Accuracy and Factors Effecting Jan 22 Surveyorsdraft survey. Phlom Mar 18. descriptions and terms among them. especially when the cargo loaded or discharged from the vessel shown extremely different weight with the references Weight Scale or Counter Weight. marine surveyor draft survey 2 Comments Sometimes the accuracy of Draft Survey is a big question. I want to study Draft Survey and Bunkers. will post it shortly. Hope it is more to come. surveyors Feb 10. Unfortunately. Sadanand Feb 09. JOSEPH CHRISTIAN ACQUAH Mar 15.F. Ia’su! 43. the parties concerns would be doubt on to the .knownledge of the characteristics. 2010 @ 22:15:53 Somebody has a basic draft survey programme (in excel for example)? 44.. It is really useful. 2010 @ 13:07:41 Dear Sadanand. Any Special Help? 45. 2010 @ 04:11:18 Hy there! Thanks for this specimen. 2010 @ 23:20:37 I am an Accountant.E. 2010 @ 20:23:04 Please give specimen report for survey of liquid surveys such as phosporic acid and also explain the derivation for Vessel Experience Factor(V. cristian Mar 17. specifications. Then practising the theory you have got is the best way to improve your skill. Thanks. Faisal 42. Is there any feedback for Joseph? Just leave your comments! Regards. 46.

The effect on ballast calculations can be minimized unless there are reasons to the contrary by leaving a measurable quantity of water in the ballast tank instead of pumping it dry.Mud and/or scale in ballast tanks: The quantity of mud and/or scale will increase over a period of years.weight resulted by Draft Survey. especially if they have not been permanently marked on the hull. on the extend of scale formation and on the cleaning which is carried out. Draught Survey UN ECE: Code of Uniform Standards and Procedures UN ECE was published the Factors Affecting Draft Survey as follows : 1. If there is any doubt. dry soundings of ballast tanks do then not necessarily mean that no water is present. can cause erroneous readings. It is very difficult to quantify. since any water will accumulate in the fore end. upon request of the shipsowners. Regularly large bulk carriers arrive at unloading ports with a slight trim by the head as a result of burning fuel from the aft located fuel tanks during long sea passages. the draft marks should be re-sited at the next drydocking. 2. may however issue the special calibration certificates for each compartment of the vessel.Incorrect hydrostatic information or draft marks: Investigations carried out in specially performed draft surveys have indicated that there can be significant errors in the determination of displacement due to typographical errors or arithmetical errors in the ship’s hydrostatic tables. Since generally the sounding pipes are located aft only. as they have been relying upon the mentioned scales for many years.Incorrect tank calibrations: This is normally ascertained after a number of draft surveys when a constant error may appear. This could be improved if the tables furnished to the surveyor bore an approval stamp by the flag government or the classification society. The calculation would then use a difference in known water quantities rather than assume that a tank is completely empty : in this way the error would be confined within the density differential of the mud and the ballast water. Draftmark The Draft Surveyors as the person in charge should be solve this issue to prevent any claim in the future. 3. depending on the sediment in any ballast taken. Clasification societies. A number of years careless re-painting of draftmarks. It may be verified by a carefull draft survey when just the tank(s) in question are filled or emptied with no other weight changes. When the ballast tables . Where is the doubt came from? The next investigation is required to calm down these issues.

Solar bending: Vessels of approximate 50. 5. Both assumptions may be incorrect. the resultant error in the exact cargo weight will be minimal.Use of approximate methods for corrections: The mathematical methods used to correct for trim and/or hull deflections.Vessel squat: When a vessel is moored in a tidal stream or a fast flowing current. when one assumes empty or tabulated quantities. it is assumed that the hull shape has not been deflected. But. Consequently. are approximations because of limitations of time. The sinkage is due to a number of complex factors due to the hydrodynamic properties of the hull. There appears to be no effect at current speeds below 2. swell or passing traffics.5 cms at 17. a sea water sample should be taken from the maximum draft as a check. 9.Water disturbance: Normally due to wind. it has no effect on the calculation of the cargo weight.e.Asymmetrical hull deflections: If the mean draft midships differs from the mean of the forward and after drafts. If conditions are inductive to squat.Variations in seawater density: If a loaded vessel has a small underkeel clearance. 4. both may be wrong. In river ports or in proximity of river mouths or of industrial plants. in shallow water. 7. The effect would normally be a hogging which can be appreciable. .000 mt dwt bulk carrier and reported in “Seaways” (March 1987). However. the seawater may hold mud/sediment in suspension. adds weight to the ship. especially if dry docking is delayed or if there is a failure in the anti-fouling paint. This may be apparent from the bottom layer sample. there may be numerous layers of water with differing densities. its draft will increase. 10. expense and the work site. if these conditions exist. as a modified sine curve). Again. considerable quantities of residual ballast water are found. If there is no difference between the mean draft midships and the mean of the forward and after drafts. This is due to the fall of the pressure of the water between the bottom of the hull and the seabed. or shifting the vessel to another berth where the effect of squat are known to be less or absent. If the draft is not read at all six draftmarks. consider waiting for slack water. the hull may be twisted without the fact being known. This assumption is inherent in the two-thirds and quarter-mean methods of correcting for hull deflection. especially where underkeel clearance is small and which cannot be accurately determined by theoretical calculations.00 hrs on the same day with no movement of weight within the vessel (apart from normal oil/water consumption for an anchored vessel). Some readings taken on a 74.Bottom shell growth: Marine growth on the bottom of the ship.00 hrs and 27. because this weight should not change between the start and finish surveys. i. it will squat in the water. showed that the fully loaded vessel was sagged 5 cms at 07. However.are subsequently entered with zero sounding and the head trim. which may substantially affect the accuracy of the water samples unless properly detected. In practice. it is assumed that the deflection of the hull shape takes the form of a parabolic curve.000 mt deadweight and upwards. Accurate reading of the draft requires the use of a draft reading tube. 6. if the same methods are correctly and uniformly employed in all surveys. may be subject to hull deflections caused by solar bending of the deck and structure above the waterline. the surveyor and the master should monitor carefully that the vessel is fully afloat and not touching the bottom and for best accuracy.e. or chemicals in solution could effect its density. the hull deflection may not be a parabolic curve or there may be deflections between the ends of the vessel and the midship points (i. this water does not actually have to be present. 8. If it is suspected.5 knots. unless the vessel is docked for a long period or the antifouling paint deteriorates.

even if a suitable correction to the draught readings cannot be determined.e.Vessel is secured properly. Surveyors has concerned to Draft Mark Reading. this will vary from ship to ship. The loss of weight due to its removal is weight taken from the light displacement. derrick etc). but should never replace the reading of draughts using the fixed draught marks on the ship’s hull. In the case of the anchor itself. and that all the drafts are visible. Draft Surveys – Volume And Weight Calculations: Draft Surveys are to determine the quantity of cargo loaded in. Draft Mark reading is the essential part of Draft Survey. inaccessible. the draught readings may be misleading. . This anchor weight should be rounded to the nearest half tonne.if in better equipped ships.87 —————————————— 1000 The link diameter is the diameter of the steel rod.Squat: While measures the draught. which has its effect on displacement and soundings of liquids in tanks and other spaces * Weights other than the cargo. but this information should be available on board. or discharged from a vessel or barge and are dependent on the fact that the vessel or barge is always afloat. The survey report should include reference to Possible Squat Effects. 11. Some of the common problems during draft surveys one should always be aware of are: * Unusable sounding pipe – i.Anchors and Chains: The anchors may be in the housed position. ballast. Additionally. it can be calculated with reasonable accuracy by the following formula: Weight per shackle (Tonne) = 15 x (link diameter in cm)2 x 3. which are poorly calibrated * Tunnel space/duct keel that cannot be sounded * Loaded vessel aground prior to commencement of discharge * Loaded vessel aground after completion of loading prior to sailing * Listed vessel. due to the effects of squat. which makes up each individual link. 13. Surveyor’s opinion: All the above are very clear explanations and guides. 12. this amount should therefore be added to the quantity of cargo. where the Draft Survey is begin from the reading part. or consumables that are not the same between the starting and the finishing surveys.No any ship’s gears movement allowed at the time. when there is a strong current running and there is water depths of less than twice the draught of the vessel. The following are some rules to get the best result : . where they contribute to the lightship. There should be information available on board to enable the surveyor to establish or calculate the weight of the missing anchor and cable. The vessel’s staffs cooperation is needed to success the good reading. .Draught gauges: Draught gauges may be very helpful as a check. blocked or broken * Ballast holds. Then the anchors will be on the sea bed along with a given length of cable. (such as crane.. or they may have been used in the mooring of the ship. In case of the chain cable. correction tables for trim and/or hull deflection are available. then such tables should be used instead of the approximate methods.

2011 @ 15:48:56 Dear William.Don’t do the sampling near the overboard (cooling water/ballast water).Read the Draft Marks as close as possible. (ballast. 1/2 dan 5/6 from mid draft. .Use the small boat to read close the Draft Marks. at the sea side near the mid draft. Procedures and Calculation.For small ship < 10.000 DWT : at least 3 samples.Do the sampling at the seaside. taken out 1 biggest and 1 smallest of the reading results. . kindly refers to the previous post of Draft Surveys : Terms of Conduct. I have some collected information. . at the depth of 1/3 and 2/3 from mid draft. The density at the shore side could be different because the water between the ship and the shore doesn’t move/stagnant.the depth difference . To avoid incorrect sample taking : . read the density.Hydrometer is not calibrated to adapt to sea water pressure.the different places (around the ship) from where the sample is taken. Surveyors Feb 16.For the heavy swell sea condition it is recommended to read and record 12 times.Sample is only effective before/after draft reading. taken pictures for the next clarifying. Surveyors Bunker Survey Calculation Software for Surveyor 2 Comments (+add yours?) 1. .As soon as the sample is taken. Mistakes in Hydrometer: . fresh water.for big ship > 10.000 DWT : 2 samples. To know more. The density of the water around the ship could be different because of: .No any ship’s liquids transfer activity allowed during reading. .Find the draft in meter first then continue with centimeter to prevent big error. and Specimen of Calculation. . . .Hydrometer is made of metal or bronze and it can rust. .. .The temperature around the water is incorrect. at the sea near the mid draft and at the depth of 1/6. fuel and diesel oil). Regards. do not see it from the ship’s maindeck. Do you have any issues regards this? please drop down your comments here. and make an average draft from the 10 results remained. Regards your comment. It is important to do the sampling to the water where the ship is floating to get its density. . . Thanks for your comments.

Here to there is no friction.000. however the upward buoyant force is supporting the downward force of the ship weight. Just using a 1. Poor samples can be attributed to poor sampling devices and lack of knowledge.For additional information..gov. If there is a difference between the surface water density of 1. middle and bottom draft can give poor results because a wall sided ship displaces the water down like a piston. Another thing to think about is that there is no friction on the immersed sides of the vessel.023 at 13 meters the error will be equivalent to 3 TPC or about 195 MT light if the surface water density is used.000 MT it displaces over 75. The only force that supports the vessel is that upward force on the bottom plating. Sampling using the emergency fire pump seems to work just fine. so while there is great pressure normal to the surface of the side there is no buoyant support because this is no friction on the side of a vessel in still water. the author of Stability and Trim for the Ship’s Officer. On Panamax size vessels with a draft of 13 meters.020 and bottom density of 1. I have found that the averaging of water densities. namely the top. Keep this in mind if a ship’s displacement is 75.000 liters of water.001 error in the density reading will be equivalent to a 1 cm error in draft reading. I am William E. For every 0. any comments or thoughts? I have done many draft surveys against shore scales.au/shipping_safety/marine_notices/2006/Documents/0506. please check the link of The correct use of marine hydrometers at http://www.5 liter capture device is not adequate.pdf Regards. William E. 2011 @ 02:34:28 Draft Surveys and Water Density. 4th Ed. George. George Jan 31. Bunker survey Top of Form Bottom of Form How to Conduct Bunker Survey Feb 22 . Surveyors 2. To get great results it is best to use the density of the water under the vessel. 2005.amsa. which is a United States Coast Guard License Exam Reference for Ship’s Officers in the United States.

Sounding Tape. the Bunker Survey is required to check the amount Bunker transferred or supplied onto the Ship’s Tanks. and sometimes Lubricating Oil (LO) is included. Thermometer. the Person who responsible for bunker onboard. Go Sailing Commonly this is done prior to and after a time charter period than mentions as On Hire Bunker (prior) and Off Hire Bunker (after). Petroleum ASTM Table 54B (for Product Oil) and Table 56. Oil and Water Paste. and Measuring Method recommended to use (Ullage or Sounding) for each Oil Tank. usually Fuel Oil (FO) and Diesel Oil (DO). Bottle or Can for Sampling (if required taken samples).000). Reference Height. Sounding is determined the level of liquid tank from the bottom of the tank to the liquid surface (typically applied for light liquid). Sampling Can. Google and Glove.750 -1. Ullage means to determine the level of liquid of tank by measured the empty . This job is associated with Ship’s Chief Engineer. marine survey 11 Comments What is Bunker Survey? The survey is carried out to measure and ascertain the quantity of Bunker onboard at the specific time. Steps for Conducting Bunker Survey Identify and records the number and Depth of Tank. Survey Tools required for Bunker Surveyor Notes Book. Flashlight. Density Meter for Oil (0. This survey is produced the report that states the amount of bunker.SurveyorsSurveyors bunker survey. In this post limits to how to conduct the Bunker Survey on the ship tanks only.

Checking the accuracy of the Sounding Tape. for the accessible tank only. Let me know if I miss something by your comments and feedbacks. The Service and Settling Tanks are not accessible due to the oil on that tanks were in heating condition at the high temperature.9720 / 400)} = 0. that is required to calculate the Tank Quantity Table.9870 / 400) + (200 x 0. the topic is about the way to calculate ship bunker that we have found on the ship tanks. Density Commingle = {(200 x 0. I have explained the general step for Bunker Survey conducts.4860 = 0. Check the Ship’s Draft Marks to get the Ship Trim for Trim correction. by means the Combine Density between two Oils (Old and New Oils) that has mixed on one tanks which they have different in Density.space from top of the Tank (the mouth of Sounding Pipe) to the liquid surface (typically applied for heavy liquid). and New Oil 200 Cu. Now. Tank Quantity Table (provided by Ship’s Chief Engineer). Regards. In case we used Ship’s Sounding Tape. please checking the tape. . I think now you could conduct Bunker Survey. includes the Oil density. Where it is approaching the actual oil density.9720. this stage will involved the Sounding level of each tank. Calculations. We could records the tank gauging for determining the quantity. The both methods will point to the same result. Record the Last Bunker Report. it is recommended to use your own Sounding Tape. Records the quantity of bunker onboard when the ship arrives at Port (arrival Condition) as per Engine Log Book. Ship’s Trim and List. the Detail of Bunker Survey Calculation will be post shortly. It is suggested to read the last post to become familiar with calculation. it is recommended to calculate the Density Commingle.9795. Attached the sounding Tape with Oil Paste to make easy and clear to show of oil level (recommended for Light Oil). Example to calculate Density Commingle: FO Tank No. Surveyors In my last post How To Conduct Bunker Survey. total oil on tank 400 Cu.M with density 0.4935 + 0. and check the ship Inclination or Listing for List Correction. ASTM Table 54B to ascertain the Volume Correction Factor (VCF – to convert from Cubic Meter to Kiloliter) and ASTM Table 54B for Weight Correction Factor (WCF – to convert from Kiloliter to Metric Ton). Sounding each Oil Tank and records the level of Oil on the tank. check temperature and oil density. If you could not taken the oil sample for checking density. Time and Place of last Bunker supplied. Taken Oil sample. the pattern is {(Old Oil Quantity x Oil Density / Total Oil on Tank) + (New Oil Quantity x Oil Density / Total Oil on Tank)}. and the Oil Density from the Engine Log Book.9870. 1 C. Issued the Tank Sounding and Bunker Report. Old Oil 200 Cu.M with density 0. Oil Density and Temperature.M. the temperature at the thermometer available on each tank.

Observe Volume = {(3. Corrected Sounding = 3.Bunker Survey The bunker calculation is simple and needs the following: . ** Question : FO Tank No. Now we could go with sample of 1 tank to test the calculation.Table ASTM 54B (VCF) and Table ASTM 56 (WCF).40) + 157.9870.07/0. . .68 Cu. .M. .9870 (see the picture below you need to interpolate if any different numbers on both columns).48 + 157.27 Meter.20 = 161.Temperature of Oil on Tanks.Tank Sounding data and Tank Capacity Table.20) x (163.20 = 4.T 54B (VCF) > Density @ 15C 0.The Quantity in Metric Ton = Oil Vol x VCF x WCF. ** Answer : . .20 = (0.10) x (6.27 – 3. The Corrected Sounding means below is the sounding after correcting with vessel’s trim and list.Oil Density @15C. Temperature = 34 degrees celcius.30 – 3.30 M = 163.20) / (3.60 – 157. Density @ 15 C = 0.60 Cubic Meter. at Sounding 3.9903 at 34 C = 0.20 Cubic Meter.20 M = 157.20)} + 157. . Tank Volume at Sounding 3. 1 Center.

ASTM Table 54B . Sample calculation tanks sounding attached below.T 56 (WCF) : Density @15C 0.9870 x 0.9892 = 157.So.0011 = 0. just uses ASTM Table 6B for VCF.9892).9903 – 0.0011 = 0.9892 (Quick formula with reducing factor for WCF is Density @ 15C – 0. .85 MT. We don’t need to see the table anymore. The Quantity in MT is 161. . ASTM Table 11 for WCF in Long Ton and then ASTM Table 13 for WCF in Metric Ton. Tank Sounding Note : If you do calculation with Volume in Barrel. Just drop your comments around this topic.68 x 0.9903 at 34 C = 0.

Regards. 2011 @ 09:23:15 Hi Naina. 2011 @ 09:19:39 Dear Paul. Surveyors How to Conduct Bunker Survey Draft Survey: The Accuracy and Factors Effecting 53 Comments (+add yours?) 1. you could check at software page.Regards. You may take long distance course for marine survey at IIMS (international Institute For Marine Surveyor). Sorry for late reply. you should order it from ASTM website. Faisal 2.uk for more detail. Hope you can work with it. Surveyors 3. I have load the simple program for ASTM table.org. 2011 @ 10:00:26 Hi Korso. Surveyors Feb 17. I have some assignments to do. 2011 @ 09:16:59 . Surveyors Feb 17. The calculation presented on the post is for general use. Regards. For references. Regards. there is no different way to calculate between small ship and big ship. The copies you meant is not legal copy to distribute. Faisal 4. Surveyors Feb 17. please check the site http://iims. Surveyors Feb 17.

Hi Evgeny, Thanks, it is correct when the temperature at 31 and density 0.9905 you will get VCF at 0.9891. But I was made the calculation at temperature 34 and density 0.9903 where the VCF is 0.9870. You could check the software page where I have load table 54B program, hope it useful. Regards, Faisal Regards, Faisal

5.

Surveyors

Feb 17, 2011 @ 09:11:13

Hi Zakir, Thanks for commenting. Regards, Faisal

6.

KORSO T. ILIES

Feb 13, 2011 @ 21:50:55

Hi, I’m a young marine surveyor from algeria, and I would thank you verry mutch for all the informations you’re provinding us with, in fact the country were I am information are practically not available at all, and I would like to ask you if you can provide me with a copy of Table ASTM 54B (VCF) and Table ASTM 56 (WCF), that would help me verry mutch, many thanks in advance, and have a nice swell, best regards

7.

Mohamed

Feb 08, 2011 @ 12:41:10

Dear Surveyors I am not suveyor, I hv been working as Executive Operations in a shipping company since 2006. I would like to know how to calculate bunker in tug boats with the BHP 2500 to 4000 BHP. and also pls guide to me to calculate Draft survey of barge from the capacity of 5000 DWT to 20,000 DWT. I hv been assign to give presentatino about these two by Thursday. Your kind help in this regard is highly appreciated.

Regards Naina

8.

Paul Okuneh

Feb 06, 2011 @ 04:09:51

Thanks very much for your concern in educating people freely. I need your advice on the best certification I should go as regards Inspection Jobs. I am a Nigerian. Regards. Paul Okuneh

9.

Evgeny

Feb 05, 2011 @ 09:36:00

Dear Faisal, Good day! You have a mistake VCF in example table and as a result next steps of calculation is wrong. As per API MPMS Chapter 11.1 (ASTM D 1250-04 and IP 200/04), Table 54B for your density +15C 0.9905 and fuel temp. +31C the true VCF is 0.9891. Best Regards,

10.

zakir

Feb 01, 2011 @ 16:23:27

I am switching from sea to shore job as a bigginner in ship survey your works and comments will be of good help for me. Thanks for your valuable contribution in sharing knowledge for the advancement of the shipping industry in the area of surveying

11.

Surveyors

Feb 01, 2011 @ 16:03:51

Thanks Capt. Miguel.

12.

Surveyors

Feb 01, 2011 @ 16:03:17

Thanks Gouanfo, Welcome onboard of Marine Surveying. You could contribute your sea experience here. Regards, Faisal

13.

gouanfo innocent

Jan 26, 2011 @ 18:45:58

as I am switching from sea to shore job as a bigginner in ship survey your works and comments will be of good help for me. Thanks for your valuable contribution in sharing knowledge for the advancement of the shipping industry in the area of surveying

14.

**CAPT. MIGUEL SAIZ MONROY
**

Jan 26, 2011 @ 01:32:52

VERY GOOD INFORMATION …THANKS A LOT…. INDEPENDENT SHIP & CARGO SURVEYOR – CURRICULUM VITAE Capt. ( r ) MIGUEL SAIZ MONROY ( Lic. No. 17085010 – DIMAR –Col.). MARINE SURVEYOR, ISM & ISPS INSPECTOR CONSULTANT, MARITIME INSPECTIONS, DELIVERY / REDELIVERY, BUNKER SURVEYS, DRAFT SURVEYS, PORT CAPTAIN, PORT OPERATIONS, CARGO INSPECTIONS, CONDITION SURVEYS, ON HIRES / OFF HIRES IN COLOMBIAN NORTH PORTS.Capt. ( r ) MIGUEL SAIZ MONROY – surveyorsaiz@hotmail.com; http://surveyor2007.spaces.live.com C. de C. No. 17085010 de Santa Fé de Bogotá, D.C. – Licencia de Navegación No. 17085010 – D I M A R – COLOMBIA N I T No. 17085010 – 0 – Régimen Simplificado Tel / Fax No. 5 7 5 – 3 0 1 5 9 7 5 – M o b i l e s: 3 0 0 8 0 2 6 7 6 7 y 3 0 0 8 0 3 7 2 0 7 – VHF Ch 16 Calle 72 No. 39 – 222 – Piso 2 – Carrera 41 No. 71 – 79 Piso 2 – Barranquilla – Colombia – S.A.

15.

Surveyors

Jan 22, 2011 @ 13:05:14

Thanks Vasim, Hope you could help the other surveyors. Regards, Surveyors

16.

Vasim A.S.

Jan 14, 2011 @ 19:06:25

Dear all Surveyor’s……

2010 @ 14:29:43 Dear Erwin. you need to attach Table ASTM 54B for the calculation program. Surveyors Dec 08. Contact me on :. Surveyors 21. we just only make vessel on evenkeel and going to calculated the quantity. 2010 @ 14:21:00 Dear Ali. Surveyors Dec 08. erwin Dec 05. I will post it shortly. 2010 @ 12:01:12 dear surveyor. Regards.If u want any kind of imformation or problem in calculation or any dout …. Best Regards. if found no trim and hell correction. Surveyors Dec 08.vasimjam@yahoo. Regards. Thanks. 2010 @ 14:25:35 Dear Silvio. Surveyors 19.co. Surveyors 20. 2010 @ 01:43:24 that in a report i must mention the amout of the damage exemple the collision between the ship and the tugboat 18. .in 17. Yes. I will sol for u people…. Yes. captaouf Dec 27. it is the easiest way to do draft survey.

23. When all preparation is completed. the feeder will prepare the pump and hose to connecting to the mother ship manifold. The Bunkering Process is commonly as the transfering oil from one ship to another. The process is simple. The quantity agreed could be ascertained by sounding or pointed by flowmeter. 2010 @ 01:15:57 dear sirs We need information on discharging supervision of marine bulk oil. Surveyors . Regards. After completing the transfer. The mother tanks and/or flowmeter is checked and prepared by the ship crews. Surveyors Nov 02. 2010 @ 05:44:56 Dear Faisal Could you please. Thanks in advance yours faithfully 25. the tanks or flowmeter will re-check to get the quantity. A. in connection with ullaging of ship’s tanks and quantity calculation. 2010 @ 13:54:35 Mr. Could you please revert on this issue. the feeder ship or barge that carried oil. will be alongside at the ship that needs the oil (lets say it mother). 2010 @ 23:26:07 draft survey: 2 em trim correction: what the precedure the found 2 trim correction the are 2 methode i want now secon d methode for second trim correction thank 24. silvio duarte Dec 01. the feeder will start to pump the oil to the mother tank as amount agreed. After alongside.tks 22. Then the feeder cast off. ali hussein Nov 24. send me and explain the wedge formula. The computer system will be needed together with table ASTM 54B. capt yacine Nov 26.

05) x (163. Thanks for your correction.20 = 161.48 + 157.20)} + 157.20. you could use the calculation for both with same formula. Surveyors 28.A Oct 29.07/0. Surveyors Sep 27. Faisal 31. 2010 @ 02:17:30 Hi 30.40) + 157.10) x (6. After finding the liquid level. 27.05 (where does it come from) in below part Observe Volume = {(3.60 – 157.30 – 3. 2010 @ 13:53:10 Dear Tyler.20 = (0. Surveyors Oct 20. 2010 @ 02:25:35 thanks very useful step by step but please explain why you use 3.M. Mr. VINAY Oct 20.20) / (3. fatihah Sep 26. Regards. 2010 @ 18:30:09 sir i need to know about bunkering process in detail……. I have changed it on the mentioned post. 2010 @ 16:09:15 . 29.27 – 3. it was mistyped and should be 3. Regards.26.20 = 4.68 Cu. 2010 @ 13:12:01 Hi Ixora. tyler Oct 20. The ullage and sounding are only the method to find the level of liquid on the tank.

Rahdian Jul 28. Surveyors Aug 08.dear Faisal. it is this bunker calculation can be used in ullage or sounding calculation. 2010 @ 16:49:54 Hi Faisal. you also could send your contribution for this blog.0011 = 0. i dont understand is how ure getting the 0. 2010 @ 01:24:59 hello surveyors. Thanks. 2010 @ 11:55:42 Dear Nash. Have a nice day as well. You are great. 2010 @ 02:20:49 Hi Rahdian. Surveyors Jul 30. 32.9892@34 C. WITH REFERNCE TO THE EXAMPLE ABOVE IVE COPIED THE CONFUSING PORTION BELOW “”T 56 (WCF) : Density @15C 0. you give a good contribute for as .0011 = 0. Regards.9903 at 34 C = 0. The 34C should not be there. Thanks for feedback.9903 – 0. I have make mistyping. nash Aug 01. We don’t need to see the table anymore”" 34.9892 (Quick formula with reducing factor for WCF is Density @ 15C – 0. i do understand everything but . you have not shown the T56 table here its very confusing here with WCF. Have a nice day . Surveyors 35. Regards. Surveyors 33.9892).

I need this table very urgent. I need soft copy of this ASTM table . . Regards. sankadio Jul 24. you could learn by joining the survey company in your country as well. 2010 @ 01:43:30 good calculation 40. 2010 @ 01:04:13 Dear Indran. 2010 @ 03:16:40 oh sorry my mail ID is : reene50@ymail.com/2010/03/27/bunker-survey-calculation/. Surveyors Jul 26.com 38. Please be noted that the author of this blog is Surveyors / Faisal not Sadanand as you are mentioned. If you are serious.pdf” and “MEASUREMENT OF PETROLEUM ON BOARD MARINE VESSELS.com/2010/02/22/how-to-conduct-bunker-survey/ and http://sevensurveyor.pdf”. Could you please send me this ASTM54B Table softcopy. Reene Jul 24. 2010 @ 03:15:33 Dear Sadanand. Plz…in the image above I couldn’t see any values. Reene Jul 24.36. Then you could download at downloading sidebar on my website the “Bunker survey guide. 2010 @ 22:12:58 Hi Reene. I have published two posts about bunker survey.. you could re-read http://sevensurveyor. The four resources is good enough to guide you for conducting bunker survey. Surveyors 37. It’s request from me. surveyors Jul 07. Plz send me soon. 39.

kindly pls explain. best regards Aly Hussein 44. 2010 @ 14:25:22 Daer Abu.Regards. surveyors May 30. how I can calculate the Trim & List correction of sounding. Thanks for your reading and comment. Surveyors 42. 2010 @ 20:08:41 Dear sir. surveyors Jul 07. thank you indeed for Your contribution on this site. in case there are no Trim & List correction tables are available on board. Kindly check one of the comment at post Draft Survey Procedures and Calculation >> http://sevensurveyor. 2010 @ 19:31:06 Dear Surveyor. Surveyors 41. indran Jul 02. give some info from where i start. 2010 @ 00:38:30 Hi Aly. Thank you indran 43. I just starting to learn how to conduct bunker surveying . aly hussein Jun 17. I have ever answers the same comment as you had. .com/2009/08/25/draft-survey-procedures-and-calculation Regards.

aly hussein May 12. 1. yours faithfully Aly Hussein 47.50 M or 1. Example with Capacity Table : Fuel Tank No. ABU SMITH May 17.00 …………… -200 / 000 / 200 / 400 / … …. 2010 @ 14:46:01 Dear Sadanand Could you please explain. how you find out the Trim correction & List correction for sounding.00 / … …. 2010 @ 17:47:04 Sadanad. surveyors May 01. 1C. Trim Correction for Tank No.45.00 / 1.00 / 0. 2010 @ 14:31:15 Dear Sadanand.0 degree to Starboard Side.00 …………… -600 / 000 / 400 / 600 / … …. 1C in MM ——————————– TRIM ——————————– SOUNDING …… -1. 2. Vessel’s Trim : 1. aly hussein May 12.00 …………… -600 / 000 / 600 / 800 / … . Sounding : 1. I can afford you with the calculation you meant. may be post later.00 / 2. 2010 @ 20:05:16 THANKS FOR THIS INFORMATIONS 46. Aly Hussein 48. in case there are no Trim & List correction tables are available on board.500 MM. 3. Briefly.00 M. For the complete one. Good day Way of simple explanation and a wonderful Regards. Vessel List : 1.

The above post is excellent and gives a detailed survey procedure.0 / 3. Regards.0 / 1. surveyors Apr 14. / 3. Regards.0 / … Corr …… 300 / 200 / 100 / 000 / -100 / -200 / -300 / From the both tables we could get the corrected sounding as below : Corrected Sounding (CS) = Sounding (S) + Trim Correction (TC) + List Correction (LC) TC at S 1. 2010 @ 08:57:10 Thanks Sadanand. Sadanand .00 M is 300 MM (by Interpolation) LC at List 1. 2010 @ 16:36:22 Dear Surveyor.0 / 2.0 degree to starboard (the right part beside 0.0 degree) is -100 MM. Faisal 51.List Correction for Tank No. Sadanand 50. Please explain the specimen of calculation to find out the corrected sounding corrected with trim and list.800 – 100 = 1. Thanks a lot. CS = S + TC + LC. Best Regards. Surveyors 49.70 M.. 2010 @ 18:22:14 Dear all. Your contribution to this site is phenomenal. Hope could find more interesting topic on the next post.50 M and Trim at 1. That’s all.0 / 0. Sadanand Apr 27. CS = 1500 + 300 +(-100) = 1.700 MM or 1.. Sadanand Apr 13.0 / 1.0 / 2. 1C in MM ——————————— PORT / STARBOARD ———— LIST ….

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