Analyzer Training Course Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

3
Actix Training Services Edition B

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Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B

Analyzer Training Course • 2

Contents
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 5 SCOPE OF THE COURSE ................................................................................................................................ 5 WHO SHOULD ATTEND ANALYZER TRAINING?........................................................................................... 5 PREREQUISITES............................................................................................................................................ 6 TOPICS TO BE COVERED .............................................................................................................................. 7 INTRODUCTION TO ACTIX ANALYZER ......................................................................................................... 8 ANALYZER’S KEY FEATURES ...................................................................................................................... 9 WHAT’S NEW IN SVS VERSION 1.3..................................................................................................... 10 TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS................................................................................................................. 10 DATA VISUALIZATION ............................................................................................................................... 10 LICENSING ................................................................................................................................................. 10 GETTING STARTED WITH ANALYZER ............................................................................................ 11 STARTING ANALYZER ............................................................................................................................... 11 CONFIGURING ANALYZER ......................................................................................................................... 13 LOADING CELL SITE DATA ........................................................................................................................ 17 DATA AGGREGATION (BINNING)............................................................................................................... 22 VIEWING DATA IN ANALYZER........................................................................................................... 23 LOADING FILES ......................................................................................................................................... 23 VIEWING SCANNER DATA IN ANALYZER................................................................................................... 26 INDEPENDENT NODE DATA IN ANALYZER ................................................................................................. 26 THE FAVORITES GROUP............................................................................................................................. 28 VIEWING DATA ON MAPS .......................................................................................................................... 29 MODIFYING LEGEND RANGES ................................................................................................................... 30 VIEWING DATA ON CHARTS ...................................................................................................................... 40 VIEWING DATA IN THE MESSAGE BROWSER ............................................................................................. 44 VIEWING DATA IN THE PROTOCOL STACK BROWSER ................................................................................ 45 VIEWING DATA IN TABLES ........................................................................................................................ 47 VIEWING DATA ON WORKBOOKS .............................................................................................................. 48 THE REPLAY TOOL .................................................................................................................................... 49 VIEWING DATA ON STATE FORMS ............................................................................................................. 50 UPLINK DATA ANALYSIS ..................................................................................................................... 61 EXPLORING CALL TRACE DATA ................................................................................................................ 61 SUPERSTREAMING CALL TRACE AND DRIVE TEST DATA .......................................................................... 62 MERGING MULTIPLE DRIVE FILES IN THE WORKSPACE ........................................................ 64 THE NETWORK IMAGE......................................................................................................................... 65 CREATE A NEW NETWORK IMAGE ............................................................................................................. 65 BATCH LOAD FILES INTO THE NETWORK IMAGE ....................................................................................... 67 DISPLAY DATA FOR THE ENTIRE NETWORK .............................................................................................. 68 START A NEW DAY – ATTACHING A NETWORK IMAGE ............................................................................. 68 ANALYZER QUERIES AND FILTERS ................................................................................................. 69 FILTER ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................................... 70 BINNED QUERY / CUSTOM ANALYSIS QUERY ........................................................................................... 74 CROSSTAB QUERY – SORT BY SITE AND SECTOR ...................................................................................... 78 EVENT QUERY - DROPPED CALL WINDOW ................................................................................................ 81 STATISTIC ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................. 86
Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 3

......................................................................................... 97 REPORTING GSM NETWORK PERFORMANCE ...................................... 114 APPENDIX B – GPRS OPTIMIZATION PARAMETERS......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 110 TECHNICAL SUPPORT .................................................................................3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 4 ............................................................................................ 103 CREATING A CUSTOM REPORT ......... 87 IMPORTING NETWORK DATA................................................................................. 99 RUNNING A PRE-DEFINED REPORT ............................................................... 105 PRINTING DATA ............. 113 MORE ADVANCED TRAINING ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................CELL SITE CONFIGURATION USING THE NETWORK EXPLORER ................................................... 99 APPLICATION PACKAGES ............. 109 WHERE TO GET MORE HELP....................................................................................................................................................................... 110 HELP FILE ................................................................................................................................................................. 87 UPDATING CELL SITE DATA ......................................... 112 ACTIX WEB SITE .... 113 APPENDIX A – GSM EVENT DEFINITIONS................................................ 117 APPENDIX C – STATEFORMS ATTRIBUTES.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 CONTACT YOUR INSTRUCTOR ......................................................................................... 122 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1........................ 116 GPRS DATA ANALYSIS ....................................................................................................... 108 SAVING YOUR PREFERRED LAYOUT................................................................. 116 GPRS TEST DESIGN ......................................................................

Introduction Scope of the Course Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization provides a comprehensive overview of Actix Analyzer – Service Verification Solution (‘Analyzer’). These instructors are experts in using Analyzer to increase productivity and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments. Our goal is to give new users an understanding of what Analyzer can do and how it can help them improve the quality of service for their network subscribers. Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? • • Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization System Performance Engineers responsible for measuring and quantifying network quality relative to competitors and/or established benchmarks Engineers looking to further understand the application of drive test. Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. call trace and protocol data in optimizing networks Experienced technicians involved in field optimization Anyone looking to maximize the return on their investment in Actix Analyzer • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. This course is led by experienced instructors.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 5 . Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization begins with a high-level presentation of the Analyzer interface and its capabilities. We will then cover how Analyzer can be customized to tailor existing optimization processes to the specific needs of the participants. participants will be able to put what they learned in the class to work to identify and solve real network problems. Upon completing the course. Participants are given ample opportunity to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs.

Prerequisites • • Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages and limitations of each dataset Access to Actix Analyzer software Basic computer literacy. Please consult your operating system help for specific instructions regarding this parameter. including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications A machine meeting recommended. The method for setting this parameter varies by operating system. Analyzer performs best when the Windows Virtual Memory Paging size is set to between 1000 and 1500 MB.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 6 . • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. or at least minimum requirements: Recommended: Processor – Pentium III 700 MHz Operating System – Windows 2000 Professional Memory (RAM) – 512 Megabytes Available Hard Disk Space – 15 Gigabytes Minimum: Processor – Pentium II 333 MHz Operating System – Windows 95 or NT SP3 I Professional Memory (RAM) – 128 Megabytes Available Hard Disk Space – 1 Gigabyte In addition to the hardware requirements listed above.

Viewing data in a variety of ways to gain insight into possible network problems. Diagnosing and solving quality of service problems with drive test and switch data. Identifying the impact of wide area network optimization changes in terms of quality of service using advanced features that allow Analyzer to be tailored to integrate seamlessly into developed optimization processes and procedures. cell site. Using the Help options and maximizing the benefit of technical support. Using some of the latest task-oriented application packages and their supporting engineering notes.Topics to Be Covered • Configuring your Analyzer workspace including map. and parameter configuration in order to display your geographic area and network cell plan. • • • • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Using pre-defined and custom analyses to analyze data and devise tailored optimization solutions.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 7 . which highlight how Analyzer can be used to fine-tune network performance and further enhance quality of service.

The collection and analysis of network performance metrics forms a large part of this effort. Actix Analyzer provides the ideal solution for your network optimization problems. Abis. There are many sources of performance data available. including Ericsson TEMS. and Gb interfaces for GSM/GPRS networks including Tektronix K1205. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and Nethawk. and call traces. including Ericsson MTR. scanners.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 8 . It supports a wide range of file formats and provides you with a straightforward user interface. Actix supports a wide variety of collection file formats. and Nokia Online Protocol Analyzers on the A. Ocean. Actix Analyzer is a post-processing tool for the top-down optimization of wireless networks. and Ascom Q-voice Switch (Mobile Traffic Records) Traces.Introduction to Actix Analyzer Mobile phone network operators strive to maximize the capacity and quality of their networks in order to ensure customer satisfaction and increase revenues. including: • • • Drive Test Collection Tools. including field-test equipment. Nemo TOM. Comarco Baseline.

Interface with Excel allows detailed statistical and mathematical analysis of any data set.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 9 . The Network Image feature enables aggregation of large volumes of drive test data into one file. Access to high-level statistical information and detailed engineering parameters. Drive test and call trace files may be combined to link forward and reverse link data. Gb. OMC-R traces. and Abis traces. Data may be queried on user-defined criteria and filtered accordingly.Analyzer’s Key Features • • • • • • • • • Supports most of the industry standard file formats for drive-test. resulting in a much smaller file. The most commonly requested analyses and calculations are carried out automatically. and A. including only key parameters. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Analyses may be run quickly using pre-defined report templates. Easy-to-understand Windows user interface means information can be interpreted quickly.

AMR measurements are currently available for the TEMS. EDGE support is currently available for Nemo. GPRS and EDGE Protocols . Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. GPRS parameters are available for all major collection vendors.What’s New in SVS Version 1. or replace license files. Invex 3G and XTel data collection formats.3 Technology Enhancements AMR Measurements – Adaptive multi-rate (AMR) parameters available for analysis include Setup Parameters and Frame Measurements. Protocol Stack Browser – The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. Cell Site Configuration – The Network Explorer has been updated to ease the cell site configuration process. Commutable Network Configurations – The Actix customer who uses the Analyzer in a commutable network configuration will now have more flexibility in configuring the use of licenses to support usage in the office and in the field. Licensing Several licensing options are available to meet the varied needs of different customers. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Stand-alone Configurations – Users from the same customer will be able to readily interchange hardware keys without the inconvenience of having to move. and will soon be available for TEMS and XTel.A number of preconfigured GSM and GPRS StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. copy. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. Data Visualization Preconfigured StateForms .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 10 . Data testing measurements provide technology independent data protocol metrics provided by wireless data collection equipment. The Display Cell Data view provides easy access to network data details within the workspace.A-SVS supports the analysis of GPRS and EDGE networks. The Auto Import feature is available to automatically update the cellrefs file with changes to network data.

Getting Started With Analyzer Starting Analyzer As with any Windows application. Actix Folder Analyzer Shortcut Start Button Figure 1 . select Start → Programs → Actix → Analyzer. a folder is created from the Start button that contains a shortcut for Analyzer. Note: If you would like to add an Analyzer shortcut to your desktop. It will appear on the desktop.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 11 . When you install Analyzer. To use this shortcut to start Analyzer. you can start Analyzer in several ways. right-click on the Analyzer item on the start menu and choose Create Shortcut.Starting Analyzer Using the Shortcut on the Start Menu Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

After starting Analyzer.An Empty Workspace in Analyzer Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. A blank Analyzer workspace then opens: Toolbar Main Menu Workspace Status Bar Figure 2 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 12 . the splash screen is displayed while the application loads.

In order to obtain some geographical reference points for your log files.tab. In class.Configuring Analyzer Before you can begin analyzing data. you will need to load some MapInfo maps and point Analyzer to a valid. the map file we will open is Maesseh. Select or type in the name of a MapInfo Map (*. which can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\MapFiles\Maesse MapInfo layers are named according to the geographic location of the data (usually abbreviated US state name and county name). applicable cell site database. there are a few configuration matters to attend to. Setting up Maps This section shows you how to load MapInfo tabular (. then click Open. 2. The Layer Layer Options Layer Properties Layer Reorder Figure 3 . known in Analyzer as a “cellrefs” file.tab) file.tab) data to present data analyses on map backdrops. Click on the Maximize icon to maximize the Map window.The Layer Control Dialog 4. 1. click Add to open the Open Layer dialog.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 13 . In the Map Window. 3. 5. click on the Layers icon: Control Dialog will open: Current Layers . and by the Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. In the Layer Control dialog. Open a new map by selecting View → Display new Map.

You may want to modify the layer properties by selecting the layer and choosing the various options within the Layer Control Dialog: A. or modify map labels. The label position and label offset can be modified at the bottom right corner of the dialog. B. The label font can be controlled through the Label Style button. State level tables (school districts and elevation contours) For example.type of data contained in the file. § Override the default vector coloring by checking Override Style and modifying the Layer Style. the MapInfo layer named Maesseh. Sub-MCD.tab contains highway-level data for Essex County. Massachusetts. 6. hide. uncheck both the Display within range box. The following table lists some of the common abbreviations used for MapInfo data types: Suffix Layer Type Y1 RtHwy010_Top Y2 RtHwy010_Bot X1 IntShld010 X2 IntShld1040 Pc Cultural Points Pn Natural Points Pm Municipal Points R Railroads H Highways S Streets Wr Water (rivers) Wb Water (bodies of water) Lm Landmarks Cb City Boundary Mc Minor Civic Division Cy County Other MapInfo layers: Voting District. Check boxes also are also available to Allow Overlapped Text and Allow Duplicated Text. Native American Lands. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. § § § § § To turn off labels (recommended to improve map load time). Properties → Labels: Use the Label Properties dialog to show. Properties → Display: Use the Display Properties dialog to control the display features of the map layer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 14 . Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog.

Reorder → Up and Reorder → Down: Use the Reorder buttons to change the ordering of the layers. check the box next . open the Middlesex and Suffolk County highway layers and modify their labels and visibility as in Step 7. After modifying any desired layer properties. 8.MapInfo Layer for Essex County Highways Displayed on a Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 7. check the . box next to the layer name under the pencil icon § § Layers → Remove: Use the Remove button to remove a map layer from the workspace. Map Toolbar Figure 4 . To make a layer to the layer name under the eye icon selectable. To make a layer writeable. § Moving map layers toward the bottom layer is recommended to set them as a backdrop for displaying cell site data and logfile parameters. C. Layer Accessibility: To display a layer.§ Select OK to exit the Display Properties dialog.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 15 . close the Layer Control dialog with the Close button and changes will take effect. In addition to the Essex County highway layer. check the box next to the layer name under the arrow icon .

and use the Properties Display dialog to set the Display within Zoom levels 0-10 miles. use the Properties Labels to set the visible range to 0-3 miles. and then drag the cursor to the second Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Zooms out to show the entire map area you have defined. you can control the point at which the highway names and highway numbers become visible on the map. you can control at what degree of magnification they become visible. For some detailed layers. Centering – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Center.Right-click on the map and choose Zoom → Zoom In from the popup menu or click on the Zoom In button on the Map toolbar. Click the first point of the two you would like to measure the distance between.Click and drag a rectangle around a small area of interest on the map. like the street layers. For the highway numbers. 10. then click on a point in the map window. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. In the case of the highway layer. 12. Investigate the impact of your changes. Panning – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Pan. In the Map Layers.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 16 . Previous View – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → Previous View. Returns to the last zoom setting by undoing the last zoom operation.Reorder the map layers using the Up and Down buttons on the Map Layer dialog to improve the appearance of the map 11. The cursor will change to a hand symbol. select the highway layer.To return to the previous view. Pan the map viewing area to the new map by right-clicking in the map area. View Entire Map – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → View Entire Map. More Pan and Zoom Options The pop-up menu in the Map window offers a variety of convenient pan and zoom options. right-click on the map and choose Zoom →Previous View. The map will pan with the point you selected as the center. 14. then choosing Zoom → Go to Layer and selecting the map layer you just added. 13. This helps to eliminate cluttered map displays.9. Measuring Distances on the Map – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Distance. Click and drag to move the map in the viewing pane.

changing the unit type if appropriate. In class the file we will use is called ‘Training GSM Cellrefs.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 17 . Click OK to close the Preferences dialog. select Tools → Preferences. Other Mapping Options Copy to Clipboard allows the current map to be pasted into other MS applications for reporting and presentation. Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites in Analyzer. check under Map Units → Distance. One application of this would be to bring in raster maps of coverage predictions from a planning tool for visual inspection of predicted against measured coverage. we will show you how to format your own data for recognition by Analyzer.txt’ which has been installed in the following location: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs 4. In the Change Preferences dialog.permits the user to display the map based on common map scales. The units are not displayed. Note: When you are finished panning and zooming. navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. From the main menu. remember to return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button on the map toolbar. 3. on the File Location line. Zoom to Map Scale . and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements. a formatted database must exist containing location and configuration data for each cell site.point. double-click on the name of the current cellrefs file. Later in the course. we refer to this file as the ‘cellrefs’ file. This may be useful if it is desired to overlay printed maps from Analyzer over other maps or coverage predictions.allows the importation of raster images for use as backdrops. New Raster . and then display the sites on the map. so if you are not sure what the current units setting is. 1. Notice that the distance is displayed next to the cursor and is continuously updated as you drag. In Analyzer. 2. In the Open dialog. Export Map . and have the map showing the area you are interested in. For now. although it can have any name.allows the map to be saved to many common graphical formats for viewing outside Analyzer. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. we will point Analyzer to a preformatted cellrefs file.

Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. By default the cell sites are now visible: Figure 5 . Analyzer loads cells upon opening Analyzer or starting a new workspace. From the Main Menu. press the Labels button.5. In the new workspace. “sectors” are called “cells” based on the European terminology. in addition to BCCH. enabling the display of Site Name or Site ID. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Site labels are displayed independently of cell labels. 6. there is no need to save the current workspace. choose File → New Workspace to create a new workspace. At this point. Click OK to close the message box. In Analyzer. Azimuth. select the site layer (named GSM_Site-Site_Name) 2. A message box will be displayed saying that the new cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. The following instructions specify first site labeling.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 18 . then cell labeling: 1. click View →Display New Map. In the Layer Control dialog box.Map with Cell Sites Displayed Displaying Site Labels Labels may be displayed on the map to show identifying information for each cell site. or Beamwidth.

7. select the cell layer. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 19 . and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels. If you wish to change the font of the labels. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. Currently. there are two label formats from which to choose: o o The Site_Name (default) shows only the site name. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display.The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. In the Label Properties box.If you want to offset the label from the cell site symbol.Click OK in the Label Properties dialog. All GSM_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling. press the Labels button 10.In the Label Properties box. Verify that each of the following options is checked: o o o Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4. 14. 12. 6. The Key Field label shows only the site ID. format the Cell Labels: 8.If you want to change the font of the labels. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 5. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. 13. BCCH is a popular labeling option. Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. Next. which is named GSM_Cell-BCCH-Beamwidth 9. In the Layer Control dialog box. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. The Site Labels have been formatted. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: o o o Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 11.3. as it allows you to quickly identify the BCCH frequency on each sector.

3.Formatted Cell and Site Labels Viewing Cell Site Information A cell’s Azimuth. 4. To obtain more detailed information on each site or sector: 1.Figure 6 . Beamwidth and Sector ID can be obtained by running the mouse over a sector on the map. Click on a sector wedge or site dot on the map. From the main menu. select View ? Display Cell Data.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 20 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Display site data of interest on the map. 2. From the main menu. select Window ? Tile Horizontally or Window ? Tile Vertically. Details about that sector or site will appear in the Display Cell Data window.

Display Cell Data Window Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Figure 7 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 21 .

are binned by the number of events occurring within the component measurements. Use distance binning when road conditions. For network state parameters. like traffic lights or congestion. This can be used when examining several drive files crossing over the same geographic area. Distance binning combines data into bins corresponding to the distance travelled by the test mobile. Highlight the time field and set the Time to 1000 ms. such as RxLev and RxQual. are binned by averaging all component measurements into one data point. 2. In the Tools → Preferences dialog. time binning. Location binning is analogous to overlaying a spatial grid on top of the data with a user-defined granularity. click on the ‘+’ next to Binning to expand it. charts. Time binning combines data in the time domain using a user-specified duration for the bin.Data Aggregation (Binning) Analyzer aggregates data into groups called bins in order to provide a reasonable number of data points from a computing and analysis perspective. For example measurement parameters. Time binning of 1000 ms is the default binning in Analyzer. The aggregation method used to create one bin from many data points depends on the type of parameter. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. If you set the number of messages to average equal to 1. Events. and location binning. • Message binning places a user-specified number of messages into each bin for averaging. such as dropped calls and handoffs. 3.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 22 . Analyzer has four modes for determining how to divide data into bins: message binning. Set the binning mode for maps. and reports to Time based. require multiple stops and data from the same area may be consolidated. a bin is given the most frequently occurring value in the component measurements. • • • 1. such as ServBSIC and ServBCCH. each message is placed into its own bin thus the net result is no averaging of the data. distance binning. Use location binning when multiple drive test teams are collecting data in the same area and composite analysis using all the drives is required. This mode is commonly used for drive test analyses.

as shown in Figure 7. Figure 8 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 23 . Load the following drive test files by selecting File → Open Logfile or by clicking the Open Logfile icon: . Expand the file tree in the workspace and select the NemoGSM (0) stream from the Nemo Drive Test 1 file.log 2. Expand the layers under the NemoGSM (0) stream. 3.Expanded Workspace Showing Data Groups and Parameters Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Viewing Data in Analyzer Loading Files Now that you are more familiar with the Analyzer environment.dt1 TEMS Investigation 1. we will move on to some of the basic viewing options for drive test data. These files are located in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles directory: o o Nemo Drive Test 1. 1. then expand the GSM node and examine each data group and parameter.

parameters that are associated with the cell serving the call are contained here. channel usage. note that several data groups are created for each device contained in the file. • • • • • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. open any log file contained in the training package. Downlink Measurements – Serving RxLev and RxQual measurements made by the mobile. it did not occur in the file. TBF information and events can be found here. Neighbor Cell Info – BCCH.Upon loading a GSM data file. Vendor Specific – Measurements that are specific to the particular collection device used. Specific events registered by the T+M vendors’ hardware not derived from layer 3 messaging by Analyzer are included here. The following data groups are created under the GSM node: • • • • Statistics Data – Information about handover interval and duration Serving Cell Parameters – Information about the serving cell identity. Device Info – Information about the specifications of the mobile making the call. all neighbor measurements are broken out by channel number. Event Data – Call events triggered by Layer 3 messaging or registered by the drive test vendor’s equipment. coding scheme. In addition. and RxLev for each neighbor. Dedicated Radio Link – Once a call has been established.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 24 . BSIC. AMR Measurements – Call setup and inband signaling measurements extracted from AMR-enabled handsets are contained in this group. If an event is not present in the tree. and BSIC. including throughput. To see these data groups. GPRS Measurements – Metrics associated with GPRS data calls. which are also broken out by ARFCN. Target Cell Info – Information about the target cell for a handoff including BCCH and BSIC. serving BCCH.

This is the value that most closely approximates the end user’s experience. TCP. • • • • • • • • • • Task Settings – This group contains task identifiers including Task_Id. control and informational messages within the data network. charts. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) serves primarily to provide some security to datagrams in the IP network. Task_Name and Task_Key. to be delivered in a packet-switched data network. Protocol Measurements – This group contains throughput values for each layer in the IP stack. Under the Data Testing node. Right-click on several of the parameters under each group and note that they can be displayed on tables. PPP. ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) supports error.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 25 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) establishes a virtual connection between a source and a destination in a data network. Ping Statistics – This group contains metrics for any ping session within the logfile. Task Summary – This group contains application level parameters summarizing the entire task. Application Statistics – This group contains the number of bytes transmitted by the data application. • IP (Internet Protocol) provides a connectionless addressing scheme of packets. HTTP Statistics – This group contains metrics for any HTTP session within the logfile. the following groups may be found: • Application Measurements – Find instantaneous application layer throughput here. maps. Connection – This group contains details for data connections activated within the logfile. or datagrams. and in workbooks.The Data Testing node in a GPRS or EDGE handset stream provides data parameters that are not specific to the air interface. This group contains statistics for the IP. ICMP and RLP2 layers.

Independent Node Data in Analyzer The Independent data node in Analyzer includes measurements that are technology and T+M vendor independent. several groups have been created to help you easily drill down into the data. This includes GPS information.LOG and expand the stream Spectrum Tracker (0): Figure 9 . Site Data Node information and Message Type information. open logfile Grayson CW Scan. tables. To better understand the Scanner data that is presented. charts. and XK series scanner devices. Information for the site data node parameters will be generated if a valid cellrefs file is loaded in the Analyzer when a logfile is loaded. The site data node information appears in the workspace similar to the illustration below. The site data node contains information resulting from the integration of the cell plan information and drive test data. This information can be displayed on maps. and workbooks like all regular drive test parameters.Viewing Scanner Data in Analyzer Analyzer supports the GSM scanners including the TEMS scanner. Comarco baseline. Nemo Seegull.Scanner Stream Expanded to Show Its Contents Note that under the Scanner data group.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 26 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

The same information as above for each neighbor position along the drive. • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 27 .Figure 10 .Expanded Site Data Node in the Workspace The Site Data Node contains the parameters listed below: • • • • ServingCellDistance – The distance between each point on the drive and the current serving cellsite ServingCellLat – The latitude of the serving cellsite at each point along the drive route ServingCellLon – The longitude of the serving cellsite at each point along the drive route ServingCellID/SectorID – The alphanumeric identity from the cellrefs file of the serving site name and sector name. This data can be viewed on a table synchronized to a map to eliminate the need to look up channel/color code information to determine the serving cell at each point on the drive NeighborCellDistance/Lat/Long/CellID/SectorID .

Under Downlink Measurements. find ServBCCH and add it to Favorites. click to select the ServRxLevSub parameter from the Downlink Measurements group. This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the workspace. then right-click on it and choose Add to Favorites from the pop-up menu. 1. find ServRxQualSub and add it to Favorites.Workspace Showing the Favorites Parameters Displayed Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Under Serving Cell Parameters. A tree 5. In the workspace. 3. 4. Favorites Tab Figure 11 . click on the Favorites tab view of the items you added is displayed. . You can easily move between All and Favorites as necessary. 2.The Favorites Group You may find that having access to all of the parameters within the log file in the Workspace is not necessary.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 28 . find CallDropped and HandoverOK and add them to Favorites. and that it may make finding key parameters more difficult. Analyzer allows you to identify the subset of parameters you need quick access to and place them in the Favorites Group. In the Workspace. Under Events.

you have two options: o You can add the second parameter to the same map as the first by clicking on the second parameter in the Workspace Browser and dragging it onto the original map.Viewing Data on Maps You can use Analyzer to create maps to display your data. If you would like to display a second parameter. The count for each range is in parentheses to the right of the range. Then right-click and select Display on Map.RxLevSub Displayed On a Map 2. First. You can display each parameter on a separate map by rightclicking on the second parameter in the Workspace Browser and choosing Display on Map. Figure 12 . 1. o Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub. Display the serving cell signal level for the handset stream NemoGSM (0) on the map from the file Nemo Drive Test 1. Notice that the legend appears to the left of the map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 29 .

Modifying Legend Ranges 1. select and type in the new maximum or minimum and click on the Update button to register the changes. Select the ServRxLevSub stream in the Map Legend window and right-click on it. type the maximum and minimum in the spaces provided and click on the Add button. To edit an existing range to match your network thresholds. If at any time you want to back out of all of the changes you have made. Figure 13 . Delete ranges you don’t need by selecting them one at a time and pressing the Remove button. 4. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. click on the Cancel button. Note: The ranges set for the map are also used for grouping data for histograms in workbooks and the histogram tab on tables.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 30 .Modify Ranges Dialog For RxLevSub 2. 5. To add a new range. Changes made to the ranges on the map legend will also be made to these other views. Choose the Modify ranges option to change the number of legend ranges and some of the range boundaries. 3.

9. Modify the colors of each range to match your network schema from within the Modify Ranges dialog by selecting the range. The Map Offset Tool 1. 2. you can use the Offset Tool instead of entering specific x and y offsets. If you prefer. Note: These changes to the ranges are saved automatically. Your cursor will change from an arrow to a ‘+’. The RxQual is drawn directly on top of the RxLev trail. and picking a new color from the palette. To overwrite the existing default legend range settings with your new settings. click on the Layers button to get into the Layer Control Dialog. click OK. on the map to open the layers 3. This file can be copied and shared with other members of your team. Click any where on the map. then click OK. Click on the Layers button dialog. Click on the Offset Tool button. The dotted line indicated by how much the ServRxQualSub layer will be shifted. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. Your cursor will stay at ‘+’ and will now have a dotted line connecting it to the point you just clicked. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. To use the Offset Tool to offset RxQual from RxLev. type in a name for the new set of ranges. you will be presented with the Selected Legend box. c. 7. a. To accept the changes you have made to the legend settings. d. Select the ServRxQualSub layer and click on the Offset button. 8. click OK. You can use the Offset box to enter an amount to move the RxQual in the x and y directions. Click on a second point to complete the offset. clicking on the Selected button in the Set Colors box. To keep your default legend range settings as they are and add your new legend settings as an alternate set of legend ranges.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 31 . Drag the selected parameter onto the map. These files are located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\FormatGroups\UserSettings.6. One file is created for each parameter range. After clicking OK. b. To add the RxQual from the handset to the current map.

1.1. 3. Creating a Multi-Dimensional Map Stream You can create a two-dimensional map by dragging two parameters onto a map. The points will be colored by RxLev with their size determined by RxQual. then dragging one on top of the other in the legend. Visibility Check Boxes RxQual Stream 1. Display ServRxLevSub and ServRxQualSub on a map. Close the current map.1. In the legend.1. This will replace the two data streams with one composite stream. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Turn layer visibility on and off by clicking the layer’s checkbox in the legend.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 32 . 2. drag the RxLev layer on top of the RxQual layer in the legend. The color of the points in the resulting stream will be determined by the value of the stream that was dragged and the size of the points is determined by the value of the other stream. You can return a layer to its original position by manually setting the x and y offsets to zero or by clicking on the Reset button in the Map Offset Tool.Map of RxLev and RxQual Data 5.1.1 R Figure 14 .4.

Figure 15 - Multi-Dimensional Map Trail

4. A third dimension can be added to the plot. You can set the symbol type to denote the value of the third parameter. 5. Drag the ServBCCH from the Serving Cell Parameters group onto the map. 6. In the legend, drag ServBCCH on top of the ServRxLev and ServRxQual multi-dimensional stream. Note that the new plot shows color corresponding to RxLev, symbol size based on RxQual and symbol type denoting serving BCCH. The legend information is automatically updated when multi-dimensional plots are created. 7. Remove the multi-dimensional layer through the Layers dialog by selecting it and clicking the Delete button. Note: Separate legend ranges exist for each parameter for the size, symbol, and color ranges. For example, you may choose to display ServRSSISub divided into five ranges when it is viewed by color, and only two ranges when viewing it by size.

Lines to Cells and Cell History
With a cell plan loaded, lines from each location on the drive route to their corresponding serving cell and neighbor cells will be drawn. Set the map cursor in the Select mode and click on any point on the drive route.

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Line to Serving Cell

Lines to Neighbor Cells

Figure 16 - Map Showing Lines to Cells

You can view the serving or neighbor cells for more than one point on the map by clicking on the Area Select button on the map toolbar and choosing one of the options now available on the toolbar, either Select Box, Select Radius, or Polygon Select. In addition to viewing serving and neighbor cells for an individual point data point or a subset of the data, a Cell History plot can be drawn. This plot shows the line to the serving cell for each point on the drive route. 1. To create this type of plot, click on the Layers button on the map toolbar. 2. Select the Lines to Serving Cells layer

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3. Click on the Lines button to access the dialog below:

Figure 17 - Line Layer Properties Dialog

4. Select the All datapoints option for the Lines draw mode. 5. For the Technology, choose GSM from the drop-down list. 6. For the Color lines with, choose ServBCCH. 7. For Label lines with, choose None.

Figure 18 - Map Showing Lines to Serving Cell For Each Point

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Move the RxLev layer between the RxQual and BCCH layers. With the BCCH layer selected. RxQualSub. This can be used to display the serving cell number value or serving site identity name adjacent to the drive route.Displaying Data Values as Text on Maps The values for one or more parameters can be displayed as text on the map. 4. 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 36 .Label Properties Dialog Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 2. Move BCCH below the RxLev and RxQual layers in the Map Layer dialog. and BCCH onto the map. Drag RxLevSub. click on the Label button to see the dialog box below: Figure 19 . All the options are controlled through the Label Properties dialog accessed from the Map Layers for the layer under observation. 3.

From this box you can modify the font face. Hide adjacent duplicate text – Controls whether each adjacent bin with the same data value has a label displayed. Visibility Show – Controls whether or not the labels appear on the map. Styles Label style – This button opens the Text Style box. Formatted Field – Select this option to display the parameter name and value next to the data point.The settings on this dialog are as follows: Data Data Field – Select this option to display the parameter value next to the data point. background color. Disable this feature for parameters like Serving Channel Number or Site ID where the point of interest is where a change occurred. even if they overlap partially or fully. Display within range – Use this option for layers like maps or cell sites when you would like to see the values when zoomed in close to the area but the labels clutter then viewing area when zoomed farther out.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 37 . Figure 20 . Allow Overlapped Text – Use this option to draw all labels.Text Style Box Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. size. and text effects for the label text.

set Label X offset to -10 and Label Y offset to 5. Alignment – Choose Left. In the Layer Control dialog. Center. Horizontal – Rotates the label 90 degrees.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 38 . Vertical – Draws label from left to right. Label X offset – Set the vertical distance from the label to its data point. Label Y offset – Set the horizontal distance from the label to its data point. across the line to cell. For the position. 6. set Label X offset to 10 and Label Y offset to -15. For visibility. 5. For the position. For visibility. Along the line – Used with Lines to Cells layers. For the ServBCCH layer. Data Field. choose this option to have the labels drawn horizontally. check Show and Allow overlapped text. Figure 21 . check Show and Allow overlapped text. choose this option to have the labels drawn in the direction of the line to cell.Position Across the line – Used with Lines to Cells layers. select the RxLev. or Right. Select the Data Field option.Map with Labels Displayed and Formatted For RxLev and ServBCCH Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 39 . In addition.Map Scale and Coordinates By default. the latitude and longitude coordinates of the cursor can be displayed. To show or hide the cursor coordinates. the map scale will appear in the lower left corner of the map window. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Lat/Lon. Map Scale and Coordinates Figure 22 . • • To turn on or off the scale.Map Scale and Coordinates Displayed Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Scale.

Select ServRxQual and drag and drop it onto the first chart to display both parameters on one chart. to view the data as a to return the chart to a time series 5. Click on the Series button chart. Your chart should look like this: Figure 23 . expand Downlink Measurements and select ServRxLevSub. 2. With the Nemo Drive Test 1 file open in the Workspace.Viewing Data on Charts Analyzer can create a variety of charts for the analysis and inspection of data. 4.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 40 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 1. Right-click on ServRxLevSub and choose Display on Chart from the pop-up menu. Click on the Histogram button distribution.RxLev Displayed On a Chart 3.

6. RxQual And Strongest Neighbor RxLev displayed On a Chart Note that RxQual appears on a separate axis from the RxLev values. and drag and drop NborRxLev_0 onto the chart. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The events will appear on the chart as vertical lines. When parameters are expressed in different units they will appear on separate y axes. From the Neighbor Cell Info node. expand the NborRxLev node.RxLev. Your chart should look like the figure below. Multiple values can be dragged onto a single chart. Drag and drop a few events onto this chart. Figure 24 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 41 . 7.

4. 3. 9. such as a dropped call. Right-click on the chart and choose Chart Properties from the menu. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Many chart properties can be customized through the Properties dialog. the chart is automatically updated. You can return to the original view by clicking and dragging a rectangle from lowerright to upper-left. Click and drag a rectangle from upper-left to lower-right on the chart around the second dropped call.Chart Zoomed In On a Dropped Call Modifying Chart Properties 1. On the Chart Series page.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 42 . As you change the properties of the chart. 2.You can zoom in on a section of interest. Reposition the Properties Dialog so that you can see the chart with the dialog open. click on Titles… to change one of the titles. by dragging a rectangle from upper-left to lower-right. Figure 25 . Drag and drop the dropped call event onto the chart you currently have open. Use the Axis dialog to increase the RxLev max value to -15 dBm. 8.

In Word or PowerPoint. 10.5. click the Select button to activate the selection cursor. 8. On the Chart Legend page. 12. On the Chart Axis page. Still on the Chart Series page. use the up and down arrows to change the order in which the parameters are plotted.If you want to select a point on the map. with the chart still open. 6. labels. 9. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. click Edit → Paste to paste your chart into that application. Click on the Copy icon to place a copy of your chart on the clipboard. and ticks. Create a three-dimensional chart using the options on the Chart → 3D page. 7. modify the fonts and colors. redefine the style for the axis. 11. create a map displaying the same data. Click to select data on either the map or the chart and notice that the views are synchronized.In Analyzer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 43 .

In the Search box. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. and filtering operations on the data. 3.Viewing Data in the Message Browser Analyzer provides the Message Browser to allow you to analyze all the messaging seen from the phone. then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. The browser also includes events derived from the Layer 3 messaging. Click on an event in the Event Panel. 2.Messaging Displayed in the Message Browser 1. Watch as the Messaging Window synchronizes to display the messaging information corresponding to the event you selected. Figure 26 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 44 . To open the browser right-click on the stream name NemoGSM (0) in the workspace and choose Display Message Browser from the pop-up menu. Select a section of text in the Message Browser and click on the Copy icon. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. searching. type ‘drop’.

on a map or chart.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 45 . As with the maps and charts. 6. In the Properties dialog. To try this out. If you click to synch the message browser with an event. and watch as the message browser scrolls to highlight the messaging corresponding to that point in time. display a parameter. and investigate the results of checking some of the options. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser is a view that allows you to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. In Analyzer. Click on a point on the map or chart. Investigate the use of bookmarks by selecting a subset of messages and marking them with the Toggle button and then using the adjacent Next and Previous Toggle buttons to step through them. click on the Properties button then on the Message Format tab.4. The following Protocol Stack Browser views are available for GSM and GPRS drive test data: • • • • • Layer 3 – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages and message direction Layer 3 Signaling – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages only All – Message pane displays all GSM Layer 3 and handset-specific messages GPRS Events – Message pane displays messages signifying GPRS events GPRS RLC / MAC – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3. it will point to the message whose receipt triggers that event. the message browser synchs with other Analyzer data views. and GPRS RLC and MAC messages Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 5. 7. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. Open Word and click Edit → Paste to paste the text into the current document. click on the Message Format tab and modify the Font for the Message Browser. such as ServRxLev or ServRxQual.

2. In the Search box. To try this out. such as ServRxLevSub on a map. the Protocol Stack Browser synchronizes with other data views. Right-click on the NemoGSM (0) stream in the workspace and choose Protocol Stack Browser ? Layer 3 from the pop-up menu. Click on a point on the map and watch as the Protocol Stack Browser scrolls to highlight the message in the top pane and display the complete message contents in the bottom pane. Select the All Rows button at the top of the Protocol Stack Browser to view all messages including Layer 3 and handset-specific messages. 3. 4. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. display a parameter.GSM Layer 3 Protocol Stack Browser Open the Layer 3 Protocol Stack Browser view for the Nemo Drive Test 1 sample file: 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 46 . type ‘CC Release’. then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. Click on a message header from the series in the top portion of the Browser Window and notice the complete message displayed in the bottom pane for the message you selected.Figure 27 . As with the maps and charts.

To do this. Add RxLev to the table by right-clicking on the RxLevSub parameter in the workspace and dragging it onto the table. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. 3. The ranges on the Histogram tab are determined by the ranges set in the map legend. such as mean. Click on the dropped calls to synch the map with the table. 1. Display the dropped call event on a map. Click on the Statistics tab to view the automatically calculated statistics. 5.RxQual Series Data Displayed in a Table 2. 4. Click on the Histogram tab to see the ranges and their counts. and maximum. and the time series data for the parameter displayed the a table.Viewing Data in Tables Tables provide a quick and simple view of numeric data for a selected attribute. histogram distribution information. Display ServRxQualSub from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset on a table.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 47 . Tabs for View Options Figure 28 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. then right-click and select Display on Table. You can look at statistics. minimum.

provided that you have Excel installed on your computer. a workbook is the best choice. latitude. you may find Analyzer’s table feature easier to use. Click on the Statistics tab to see the automatically calculated statistics. Notice the series data being displayed in Excel with time. then right-click and select Display on Workbook.Viewing Data on Workbooks The Workbook feature allows you to manipulate data within a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet environment. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. If you are looking to save your results or do more comprehensive formatting. 1. 3. You can display the data in charts. and save and share your work. and longitude. Click on the Histogram tab to view the ranges and counts. If you just want to browse numerical data.RxQual Displayed in a Workbook 2. Figure 29 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 48 . Select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. produce reports.

Display RxLev from NemoGSM (0) on a map. select a point on the map. 1. RxLev. Step Backward Step Forward Play Forward Stream Selection Play Backward Play Speed Figure 30 . map. then drag the dropped call event onto the same map. Notice that the selection box on the map moves to the next data point in the drive. To access the replay tool. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 6. and ServBCCH on a table. select Tools → Display Replay. or table. you can move forward or backward. Experiment with the remaining buttons to see how they interact with the rest of the views. Use the Window menu to tile the map and table horizontally. 2. 3. RxQual.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 49 .The Replay Tool The replay tool allows you to sequentially view data points in the files you are analyzing. Making sure that the NemoGSM (0) stream is selected in the replay tool. Click on the Step Forward button to move to the next point on the drive.The Replay Tool Progress Bar 5. Resembling the controls of a VCR. You can move through data displayed on a chart. near the beginning of the drive. The table has also updated by highlighting the relevant data. automatically or manually advancing through the data. The stream selection box allows you to choose which stream to watch. Display the dropped call. 4. 7. 8. whether or not you have a parameter from the stream displayed. It will display all open logfiles.

Using Preconfigured StateForms A number of preconfigured GSM StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. tables. and charts. you can quickly ascertain the values of several optimization parameters for problem identification. maps. The preconfigured forms available for GSM drive test data are: • • • • • • • • GSM Call Events GSM Current Channel GSM CW Scan GSM Event Navigator GSM Neighbour Chart GSM RxLev Measurement Chart GSM Scan Chart GSM Serving + Neighbours Figure 31 . Used in conjunction with the replay tool.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 50 .Viewing Data on State Forms Actix State Forms allow you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously.GSM Current Channel Form Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

verify that the right data stream is selected. If you are not seeing information in the forms. Use the drop-down list to select the stream you wish to view data for. do not select the GSM CW Scan chart for a logfile containing handset data. when selecting a form. Right-click on the stream name NemoGSM(0) in the workspace and choose Display Form ? GSM Current Channel. make sure that the form that you have selected applies to the type of data you want to analyze. In general. Forms can also be selected from the View ? Forms option on the main menu. If the Stream Selector is not visible. For example. right-click on the form and select Stream Selector. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The Stream Selector drop-down will appear. 3.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 51 . 2.The preconfigured forms available for GPRS drive test data are: • • • • • GPRS Data Session GPRS Data Timeslots GPRS Event Navigator GPRS Throughput (DL) GPRS Throughput (UL) Figure 32 .GPRS Throughput Chart View the GSM Current Channel form for the Nemo Drive Test 1 sample file: 1.

Forms with measurement views like the GSM Current Channel form or the GSM Call Events form may be best viewed when docked with the replay tool at the side of the screen as seen in the figure below. Figure 34 .Figure 33 .GSM Current Channel Form Docked in Workspace Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Select GSM Current Channel Form 4.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 52 .

you can adjust the top border to allow for more viewing space in the platform. Click the gray horizontal line at the top of the form.5. Once docked like in the view above. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Figure 35 . Then. you can adjust the top and right-hand borders to allow for more viewing space in the platform. drag over the bottom section of the Workspace Browser. and the creation of new forms from scratch using the State Forms Editor. Forms with chart views like the GSM Handoff Event Navigator or the GSM RxLev Measurement Chart may be best viewed when docked at the bottom of the screen as shown below. drag the thin gray line of the form to the bottom right side of the screen so that it is completely on the left half of the viewing platform. making sure that the right border of the form does not stretch past the midpoint of the entire Analyzer viewing platform. and release. The following sections describe the modification of existing forms. 6. Once docked like in the view above. To dock a form on the left side of the workspace.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 53 . To dock a form at the bottom of the workspace. bring up the form and click the docking button (to the left of the minimize button). Preconfigured forms can be edited to meet your individual analysis needs.GSM Event Navigator Form Docked in Workspace 7. bring up the form and use the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) to dock it next the Workspace Browser.

chart. The stream selection box will appear. with the Nemo Drive Test 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 54 . 3. display ServRxLevSub on a table. right-click on the StateForms box and select Stream Selector.dt1 file open. chart. In this case. select StateForms Editor. table or message browser). From the Tools menu. The selected stream must correspond to data currently displayed on another Analyzer view (map. Note: If the stream selection box is not visible. select the NemoGSM(0) stream. right-click on the blank StateForms box and select Open File. 4.axl.The StateForms Editor 1. Once loaded. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The components of the StateForms Editor window are shown in the figure below. In this case. Stream Selection Box Bar StateForms File Options Toolbar Parameter Values Figure 36 . make sure the appropriate stream is selected in the StateForms stream selection box.Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor The StateForms Editor allows you to view custom forms. Select any point on a map. Browse to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\State Forms directory and open the file called gsm handset. and build new forms from scratch. 2. Note: If the generic GSM handset form does not launch. modify existing forms. or table and notice that the contents of the form will update to reflect the state of the network at the point you selected.

Toggle Design Mode. Delete. Label. Suppose the GSM handset file has almost everything you would like to see. Delete – Removes an object from the form. Line Chart. Click Open File and choose the gsm handset. Copy – Copies an object to the clipboard. Note: If the File Options Toolbar is not visible. If you do not already have the StateForms file displayed. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. showing all of the types of objects that can be added to a form along the options for manipulating objects already on the form. Using the delete key on your keyboard will not work. from left to right.StateForms Window in Design Mode The buttons on the StateForms toolbar are. and Group Box. StateForms Design ToolBar Attribute Window Figure 37 . Cut – Removes an object from the form and puts it on the clipboard. Paste. To modify the StateForms display: 1. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button Options Toolbar. click Tools StateForms Editor. showing all of the attributes that can be set for the selected object and the Design Mode toolbar will be displayed. but that you are also interested in the timing advance.axw file. Attribute Value. Array Attribute Value. Copy. Cut. 3. on the StateForms File 2. The StateForms window now shows the design view: The attribute window will be displayed. Scan Chart.Modifying an Existing StateForms File You can use an existing StateForms file as it is.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 55 . or you can make modifications to it. right-click on the form area and choose Show Stream Selector. Select.

click and drag to define a rectangle. such as Neighbor Cell Info → NborRxLev. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button to open the StateForms file in design mode if you are not in design mode already. For the attribute corresponding to this table. Toggle Design Mode – To exit the design mode and return to the view mode. Time Chart – Click and drag to define the chart area. 3. Add the ‘Timing Advance’ label by clicking on the Label button. specify the number of rows and columns your table will have. With these items selected. 1. Hold down the CTRL key and select the RxLev and RxQual meters. as well as the labels for those meters. click the Delete button. Scan Chart – Click and drag to define the chart area. The attribute value can be displayed as a text value or on a scale bar.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 56 . expression values can be shown. with serving cell distance displayed in miles instead of meters. we will add timing advance and serving cell distance. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click and drag the rectangle where you would like the label to appear. Label – Click and drag a rectangle. Group Box – Used to visually group attributes on your form that belong together. Array Attribute Value – Click and drag to define a table. One or more parameters can be displayed on a line chart to see how the values vary across the drive.Paste – Places a copy of the object on the clipboard on the upper-left corner of the form. Attribute Value – Click and drag a rectangle then choose an attribute from the list. select a parameter that is collected as an array. Select – To put the cursor into select mode to allow you to select an object on the form. then type your text into the Caption field in the attribute window. click the Toggle Design Mode button. 2. In addition to being able to display parameter values. This type of chart is used to display information like signal levels from neighbor or scanner information in bar chart form. In the attribute window. On the GSM handset form currently open.

344’. 14.Click on the Toggle Design Mode button to return to the View Mode. choose False. enter ‘ServingCellDistance/1609.For Use Value to Color. For the Bar Color. choose False. 7. choose the same color as the background of your form.To add the information about serving cell distance.For the Bar Color. choose 0) None. click the Attribute Value button and drag a rectangle to the right of the timing advance label object. 13. 10. 18.For the Expr. If all of the text does not fit in the label. Select the label object.Click on the Save button to save the changes you have made. and modify the Caption in the Attribute Window to read ‘Timing Advance’.For Font Auto Size. create a label whose caption is ‘Serving Cell Distance’.4. 5. expand the label object by dragging a corner handle. Use the Attribute Picker to select GSM → Dedicated Radio Link → ServTimingAdvanceActual. Note that pasted objects always appear in the upper-left corner of the form.For Font Auto Size. 17. enter 2. Decimals. For Auto Size Font. You can do this by creating a label from scratch or by copying and pasting an existing label. choose the same color as the background of your form. 12.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 57 . 15. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select the timing advance attribute object and click on the box next to the Attribute field in the Attribute Window.For the Expression. To create the timing advance attribute. 9. 8. 16. choose 0) None. 6. For Use Value to Color. Notice that the State Form now incorporates the changes that have been made. 11. choose False.

StateForm Modified to Include Timing Advance Parameter Creating Your Own StateForms File Several sample StateForms are provided by Actix. click the Toggle Design Mode button to open the sheet in Design Mode. You can start a new StateForms file or you can add a sheet to an existing file. or modify an existing form to better meet your needs.New StateForms File 1. We will create a new file for this example. click the New File button . To begin adding objects to the StateForms sheet. 2.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 58 . To start a new StateForms file. 3. If you do not have the StateForms window open. Our form will look like this: Figure 39 .New Timing Advance and Serving Cell Distance Parameters Figure 38 . click Tools → StateForms Editor. You can also design your own forms from scratch. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

5. 10. 7. click the Attribute Bar button and drag a rectangle to the right of the RxQual Attribute object. For the RxQual attribute value.Select the RxQual Attribute Bar object and make the following changes in the Attribute Window: o Specify Min+Max: True Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click and drag the rectangle. click the Attribute Value button and drag a rectangle to the right of the RxLev label object. Add the RxLev label by clicking the Label button. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for the RxQual label. To create the Attribute Bar for RxLev.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 59 . Select the label object and make these modifications in Attribute Window: o o o Caption: RxLev Autosize Font: False Font Height: 10 6.4. setting the caption to ‘RxQual’. Select the RxLev Attribute Value object and make the following modifications in Attribute Window: o o o o o o o o o o o o Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Max: -50 Bar Range Min: -100 Bar Color: Use the pallet to pick blue Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Use Value to Color: 3) Value Bar Attribute: GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 10 Extent Right: True Extent Bottom: True 9. 8.

Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Return to the View Mode by clicking the Toggle Design View button.Select the Group Box object and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: o o o o o o Caption: Network Parameters Text Color: Use the pallet to select dark blue Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 12 Font Use Default: False Font Bold: True 13. click the Group Box button and click and drag a rectangle around the other objects on the form.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 60 .Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the State Forms directory and call it Training StateForms.To add the Group Box object. 12. then selecting a point on the map. 15.axl. selecting that stream in the StateForms window.o o o o o o o o o o o Bar Range Max: 7 Bar Range Min: 0 Bar Color: Use the pallet to pick purple Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Use Value to Color: 3) Value Bar Attribute: GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 10 Extent Right: True Extent Bottom: True 11. 14.Test your new StateForms file by displaying a parameter from the NemoGSM(0) stream on a map.

When merged with drive test data collected at the same time as the call trace. 1. Load the following call trace files into the Analyzer workspace. or message browser. Display the parameter ULRxQualFull from the Uplink Measurements group on a chart. Simply use the Open Logfile button and browse to find the files of interest. there is no way to know where in the network these areas are located. chart. but does not contain location data for each parameter. GPS coordinates contained in the drive test file are associated to data points from the call trace. o o Ericsson MTR 1. without the benefit of associated GPS data. 3. Expand the Ericsson MTR 1 data file and explore the contents.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 61 . Exploring Call Trace Data Call trace data may be opened in Analyzer using the same method as opening drive test files. it is not possible to view uplink parameters such as Uplink RxLev and Uplink RxQual on a map. Analyzer supports GSM call trace data from most major base station equipment vendors. Because uplink data is collected at the base station. Display a parameter on a table. This procedure allows the display of uplink data on a map. The logfiles can be found in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles folder.Uplink Data Analysis Uplink data is as important as downlink data to the overall heath of a wireless network. you will look for uplink problems on the sample network using call trace and drive test data. Though it is easy to see when the areas of poor uplink RxQual occurred.txt Ericsson MTR 2. and allows the engineer to obtain a picture of the uplink performance of the network. workbook. Call trace data by itself may be displayed on an Analyzer table.txt 2. In this section. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Notice that the file includes downlink and uplink parameter values.

Use the attribute picker next to Correlated Parameters to select GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub as the correlating parameter for the Nemo file. 9.e. check the Nemo Drive Test 1 (drive test) and Ericsson MTR 1 (switch file) streams. or to plot the difference between uplink and downlink parameters on a map.TXT) will appear in the Attribute column for all streams of that type. The functionality supports a collection method where drive test and switch data are collected simultaneously on a cluster of cells of interest. This allows you to plot uplink information on a map. 6. a parameter common to the drive test and call trace files is specified in order to merge on. 5. Change the name of the superstream from the default of SuperStream001 to Uplink and Downlink Data. The attribute picker is the button with the right-arrow icon . the parameter that you associate with a stream of one type (i.Superstreaming Call Trace and Drive Test Data Analyzer allows you to synchronize data from the different data sources it supports. . Load the drive test and the switch data files from the CD into the Workspace: o o Drive test: Nemo Drive Test 1. Files may also be merged on time. only streams with check marks will be merged into the resulting superstream. Use the attribute picker to select GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub as the correlating parameter for the Ericsson file.txt 2. Highlight the Nemo Drive Test 1 stream. an attribute picker allows you to select the Analyzer parameter of interest without the risk of mistyping the parameter name. However. Select Correlated Parameters as the merge method. Note: In the Superstreaming dialog box. as long as the base station and drive test equipment times are synchronized. Select Tools → Create Superstream. 8. Click OK to create the superstream. Used throughout Analyzer. The process is called superstreaming. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 7. In the SuperStreaming dialog. 1. Click the Settings button to display the Merge Method options.DT1. In this example.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 62 . Highlight the Ericsson MTR 1 stream. 4. It aligns the information in the files based on a parameter that was collected by both the drive test and switch trace devices.dt1 Call trace: Ericsson MTR 1. . 3.

chart.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 63 . and table features discussed earlier.Display ULRxQualSub from the Uplink Measurements group of the newly created superstream on the map. 11.When Analyzer has finished creating the superstream. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. message browser. and may be attributed to a mobile failing to increase its transmit power when required or to excessive path loss between the phone and the base station. You can perform analyses on the Superstream using the map. it will appear in the Workspace: . Notice how easy it is to locate areas containing poor uplink quality! These trouble spots are caused by the phone’s inability to communicate back to the base station.10.

as long as all component files are saved in the same workspace. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 5. chart. In the SuperStreaming dialog. 3. Superstreaming creates a pointer to files already open in the workspace and does not create any new files. Select Tools → Create Superstream.dt1 2. Name the superstream Merged Handset Data. or when aggregate statistics on multiple drives are required. Use Timestamps is the default Merge Method. Network Drive 2. When Analyzer has finished creating the superstream.dt1 Network Drive 2. check the Network Drive 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 64 .e. drive test or call trace). it will appear in the Workspace: . You can perform analyses on the superstream using the map. Click OK in the SuperStreaming dialog to create the superstream merged using timestamps. To create a superstream containing several drive test files: 1. message browser. Superstreams may be saved in workspaces. and query features discussed earlier.Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace Analyzer’s superstream mechanism may be used to merge multiple files collected on the same link (i. 4.dt1 Network Drive 3. and Network Drive 3 streams. Ensure that the following files are loaded in the Analyzer workspace: o o o Network Drive 1. Superstreaming multiple drive test files is desirable when you require one-click functionality for displaying the same parameter from multiple streams on any Analyzer view.

The Network Image
Frequently, optimization engineers are asked to provide a complete network overview for management, customer service, and planning purposes. A complete network drive may consist of a large number of data files from different sources, that when combined include a very large amount of data. All of the parameters, messaging, and other information available from a logfile may be helpful when performing an in-depth analysis, but when you are interested only in general information about the state of your network, this information may not be worth the time required to load and manipulate it. Actix Analyzer allows you to create a composite database consisting of multiple drives that is much smaller than the sum of the individual drive files. This is accomplished in Analyzer using the Network Image feature. Network Images extract the most commonly used network parameters and store them in an external file (*.dat). This is useful when you are performing a system-wide analysis or benchmarking activity. Because only key parameters are saved into the Network Image file, this file is much smaller than the sum of its component files. A network image populated with data is saved as a separate, smaller file from the original logfile. The original logfile is not altered in the creation of a network image repository. The data contained in a network image file differs from normal logfiles, in that the image file contains only the parameters specified and is binned according to the image definition. Network image files are pre-configured by Actix. Please contact Actix technical support for any specific requests for network image templates.

Create a New Network Image
Assume you were asked to combine four logfiles representing a day’s worth of driving by four different engineers. We will create a network image to consolidate the data into one reasonably sized file: 1. Create a network image by selecting Network Image → Create Network Image from the main Analyzer menu. 2. For the name, enter ‘Network Drive’. 3. Select the GSM → Handset → Location Binned (3 sec) Image, then click OK. This will create a network image of the data sets that is binned based on location with a grid size of three arc seconds.

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Figure 40 - Creating a Network Image

4. In the Save dialog, save the file under C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\NetworkImageDefns. Your workspace will update after creating the network image. Browse the workspace and investigate the new template called Network Drive. This template is currently an empty shell that will be populated with data extracted from logfiles.

Figure 41 - Workspace Showing the Network Image

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Batch Load Files Into the Network Image
The Network Image that you just created is nothing more than an empty directory structure. You must now add data from log files into this structure. Files do not need to be open in the workspace in order to be added to the Network Image. 1. To load files into the network image, right-click on the Network Drive network image in the workspace and select Batch Load Files. 2. In the resulting dialog, select the following files located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Data Files\ (Note: Unlike with the superstream, these files DO NOT need to be open in the workspace). • • Network Drive 1.dt1 Network Drive 3.dt1 • • Network Drive 2.dt1 Network Drive 4.dt1

3. Click Open to begin processing the files. 4. A Load Results report, like the one shown below, will appear once processing is complete. Select OK to close the report.

Figure 42 - Analyzer Dialog Showing That File Processing is Complete

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display some parameters on charts. maps. Key optimization parameters from three separate files have been combined into a single.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 68 . Demonstrate the faster load time by starting a new workspace and attaching the network image. In the resulting dialog. Neighbor Cell Info. and Event Data groups are included in the network image. However. and Tables. Downlink Measurements. Dedicated Radio Link. so you will find all data in the populated network image under a stream called Network Drive. Expand the Network Drive. Notice that key optimization parameters in the Serving Cell Parameters. 1. can accommodate multiple data streams collected under a single logfile. using the templates supplied with your Analyzer installation. Notice how quickly the network image attaches! 5. Note that you can process scanner and handset data into a single network image or create a separate network image for scanner data. Expand the Network Drive. Network image templates. such as the location binned template used in this example. smaller file that loads into Analyzer much faster than the original files. Maps. Select Open to attach to the network image. 1. 2. Using standard Analyzer actions. each of the files added to this particular network image were collected using only one handset. 4. Display some parameters on Charts. Create a new workspace by selecting File → New Workspace from the main Analyzer toolbar. 2. 3. The workspace will update to reflect the change. browse and select Network Drive.Display Data for the Entire Network Many logfiles contain data for more than one device. The handset was attached to Slot 0 of the device. Start a New Day – Attaching a Network Image Saving multiple files into one Network Image will allow a significantly faster load time than when loading each file individually. Attach the previously created network image by selecting Network Image → Attach Network Image. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and tables.

select the Existing Analysis tab Select any queries to save and click the Export button Browse to a folder that you wish to save your query in.aqf file Training_Class_Queries. Name the *.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 69 . In Analyzer. These analyses can be saved in individual files or into a single file. files of analyses have the AQF extension. Analyzer’s default structure provides the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Queries folder for an easy place to store queries. • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Analyzer Queries and Filters You can create customized analyses within the Analyzer. Analyzer supports six types of query and filter analyses: • • • • • • Filter Analysis Binned Query Analysis Crosstab Query Analysis Statistic Analysis Histogram Analysis Event Query Analysis Analyzer includes the ability to use queries to assist in the detection. The queries can be created. You can save any or all of the analyses you create to use later and share with coworkers. Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define. correction. can be saved in a Workspace and reused for future drive data. or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality for the purpose of speeding up the analysis of data. Your customized analysis. You may want to highlight potential problem areas. and presentation of network problems. and edited in the Workspace through the Analysis Manager. All queries created during training may be stored in the same file. Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters from one or more data streams. called a query. accessed. All custom analyses can be saved for future use through the Analysis Manager: • • • • Select Tools → Analysis Manager In the Analysis Manager.

Open the saved *. 3. For the operation.aqf query file. Figure 43 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. For the expression. Click OK to create the filter. Follow the steps to create a new filter: 1. Filter Analysis You can create a filter that highlights those points that have RxQual greater than or equal to 4 to identify all the locations on the drive with poor quality of service. 4. From the Nemo Drive Test 1 data stream.Filter Wizard 7. enter ‘PoorRxQual’. 6. choose the ServRxQualSub from the attribute picker. enter ‘4’. For the Filter Name. choose >=. go to the Existing Analysis tab of the Analysis Manager and select the Import button. A filter analysis tests data on a single criterion and passes the data if the criterion is met. display ServRxQualSub on a map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 70 . Analyzer will automatically apply the filter to any information already displayed in the workspace.• To import the queries into a new Analyzer session. Access the attribute picker by selecting the right arrow icon 5. Right-click on the Nemo Drive Test 1 data stream and select Filter → Create a New Filter. . 2. For the Threshold.

is filtered. 11. The filter should be under the Filters category.8. 9.Good RxLev Filter Wizard Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Highlight the analysis (or analyses) you wish to save and press the Export button. Confirm that the query was created by going to Tools → Analysis Manager and clicking on the Existing Analyses tab. select Tools → Analysis Manager. 12. Browse to a folder you wish to save your query in and click Save. not just RxQual. Note that the same filter will work on any GSM handset file that contains the ServRxQualSub parameter. right-click on it. Add the ServRxLev and ServBCCH parameters to the map. and select the Existing Analyses tab. All of the selected queries will be saved to a single file with a *. select the stream in the workspace. and uncheck the tick mark against the filter. Highlight the analysis you wish to edit and press the Edit button. 10. All query fields will be available for editing. The Filter dialog should look like this: Figure 44 .aqf. The points you see now are the values of RxLev and BCCH when RxQual was greater than or equal to 4.To remove a filter.Save the query to a file called Training_Class_Queries.To edit a query once it is created.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 71 .aqf extension. and select the Existing Analyses tab. Note that the data for all parameters. Assume that good signal strength is indicated by ServRxLevSub greater than or equal to –90 dB. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. Repeat the exercise above to create a filter for good signal strength.

Figure 45 .BCCH Filtered for Poor RxQual and Good RxLev You can also use the filter function to determine which locations are being served by distant cells. We will use a threshold of 6000 meters for this filter. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. What is indicated by good signal strength and poor call quality? The following figure shows the BCCH parameter from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream with both the Poor RxQual and the Good RxLev filters applied.Investigate the AND and OR operators when using these two filters.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 72 .

There are only a few points served by distant sectors. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Filter Wizard For Creating the Distant Server Analysis You can apply this filter to the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset and display ServRxLevSub on a map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 73 . You can zoom in on these points.aqf file.The parameter we are interested in for this analysis is Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellDistance.Distant Server Filter Results With Lines To Cells Displayed Save all of the filters you have created to the Training_Class_Queries. That map would look like this: Figure 47 . The Filter Wizard screen should look like this: Figure 46 . then use the Select cursor to show the lines to cells for each point.

344’. In the parameters box. find the serving cell distance under Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellDistance and double-click on it to add it to the expression.Creating the ServingCellDistance in Miles Query 4. using functions and inequalities. 5. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. Analyzer displays the serving cell distance in meters. Set the Format to Float. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Float in the window. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 74 . Figure 48 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 2. table. yet very useful example of a binned query is the conversion of the serving cell distance from meters to miles. 6. Create the ServingCellDistance in Miles query using the Analysis Manager: 1. chart. The results of a binned query can be displayed on a map. 3. enter ‘ServingCellDistance in Miles’. or workbook. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder. type in ‘/1609.Binned Query / Custom Analysis Query The Binned Query allows you to define a new parameter based on existing parameters. A simple. For the Description. ServingCellDistance in Miles By default.

and can result in interference and poor perceived call quality when frequency reuse plans get tight. This condition occurs in locations where the strongest neighbor is seen at a level that at least 6-8 dBm stronger than the server. expand the Queries → Binned Queries group. the handover should have taken place. 9. Figure 49 . Select Tools → Analysis Manager. Under the handset stream. 8.7. Create this query using the Analysis Manager: 1. The query will detect locations where the strongest neighbor is at least 8 dBm stronger than the server. 2. handovers do not occur as quickly as they should. 3.Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. Dragging Handover Query Occasionally in a GSM network. When the neighbor is significantly stronger than the server. 10. For the Description. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 75 . Click OK to create the query. Create the Dragging Handovers ? query to detect locations that are suffering from the dragging handoff condition. This condition may be indicative of a sector that propagates outside of its intended footprint.Binned Query Wizard Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The query will appear in the Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. enter ‘Dragging Handovers?’. Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. and the condition is known as a “dragging handover”.

We will create a custom parameter that identifies locations where the RxLev for any neighbor is more than 8 dB greater than the RxLev of the serving sector. This function will parse an array and select the largest value in it. 8. From the available functions. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Boolean in the window. In the Parameters pane select GSM → Neighbor Cell Info → NborRxLev and double-click on it to add it to the expression. 9. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder. expand the Queries → Binned Queries group. 3. The Expression is: (array_max(NborRxLev[])-8)>ServRxLevSub 1. 6.Results of the Dragging Handovers Query Displayed On a Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click to select the <<attribute[]>> placeholder in the Expression Builder. 4.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 76 . 5. type ‘(‘. go to GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub and double-click to add it to the expression. Under the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream. In the attribute pane. Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. 10. 7. In the Expression Builder. The query will appear in a new Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. Figure 50 . double-click on the array_max function. Click OK to create the query.Right-click on the Dragging Handovers ? query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. type in ‘-8)>’. 2. Set the Format to Boolean.

A custom state form may be used in conjunction with the query results in order determine the why handovers are dragging. but this data is not useful unless you know which frequencies are causing the problem. Synchronize the GSM Neighbors state form with the map to investigate some of the areas suffering from dragging handovers. Figure 51 .Determining the locations of dragging handovers in the network may be interesting. you can perform adjustments to the network to resolve the problems.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 77 .GSM Neighbors StateForms Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Refer to the StateForms section for instructions on using Analyzer StateForms. Once the problem BCCHs are identified.

This example will have the Serving Site and Serving Sector as the grouping options. and a query can contain several options for grouping data. 3. and number of dropped calls as the statistics to display for each group. Use the attribute chooser to select Independent → Site Data Node → Analyzer Training Course • 78 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select. it will look like this: Figure 52 . When the query is completed and the results are displayed on the statistics explorer. Click on the New Dimension button.Results of Crosstab Query on the Statistics Explorer To create the crosstab query: 1. Name the query “Sort by Site and Sector”.Crosstab Query – Sort by Site and Sector The crosstab query is used to group data and display statistics for each group. 4. and the mean ServRxLevSub. 2. Select the Crosstab Query icon and click on New. The groups can be sorted.3 • Edition B . Select Tools → Analysis Manager. mean ServRxQualSub.

Enter the Statistic name. 7. Click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic Window. and the number of dropped calls. The parameters that you choose will be displayed as the columns in the statistics explorer. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. 10. the mean ServRxQualSub. Specific parameters relating to each statistic are included in the table below.ServingCellID to add the serving site as the first dimension. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query.Be sure to save the Sort by Site and Sector crosstab query.Click OK when finished with the Statistic Window. Use the attribute chooser again to select Independent → Site Data Node → ServingSectorID to add the serving sector as the second dimension. Statistic Name Mean ServRxLevSub Mean ServRxQualSub # Dropped Calls Expression ServRxLevSub ServRxQualSub EventCallDropped Method of Calculation Mean Mean Count 11.Once completed. in your Training_Class_Queries. 8. 5. for each serving site and sector.aqf file. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 79 . 9. The statistics that we will include in this query are the mean ServRxLevSub. 12. 6. Use the attribute chooser to select the statistic of interest. All of these statistics will be available for the complete drive. Select the method to use to calculate the statistic. The query statistics are the results that you would like to include for each dimension.

and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer.Figure 53 . View ServRxLevSub from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream on a map. it may be useful to view data for only one serving site. Run the crosstab query on the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. sorted by serving channel and color code. the crosstab query results can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace.Specifying the Dimensions and Statistics for the Crosstab Query Display the Crosstab Query Results Once created. such as Site 95. Filter the Crosstab Query Results The Filter button on the Statistics Explorer may be used to quickly filter query results in the Stats Explorer and in any other Analyzer view.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 80 . 1. Display the EventCallDropped event on the same map. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed. In this case.

4. Notice that only data points served by this site remain in the Statistics Explorer and on the map. 3. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Tile the map and the Statistics Explorer vertically in the workspace by selecting Window → Tile Vertically. 2. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. With the row for Site 95 selected. We will create an Event Query to return statistics in a five-second window for each dropped call in the file 1. 5. The filter will be unapplied from both the map and the Statistics Explorer.Dropped Call Window The Event Query allows you to extract key performance statistics for a user-defined time or message window before or after a defined event like a handover failure or dropped call.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 81 . In the Statistics Explorer. select the row for Site 95. such as multiple handover failures or drops on the same cell. Select the Event Query icon in the dialog and click on New. Viewing the window surrounding an event can provide insight into whether a pattern exists among undesirable events. or multiple drops due to low coverage.2. click the Filter button again. press the Filter button in the Statistics Explorer. use the attribute picker Event Data → EventCallDropped. to select GSM → 3. Event Query . For the Trigger Selection. To remove filtering. The parameter will show up in the triggering window.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 82 . Click Next.000 milliseconds before the event and 0 milliseconds after the event. 5.Figure 54 . enter ‘Dropped Call Window’. 6. For the Window Range.Setting Up the Event Query 4. choose Time Based and set the window to 5. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. For the name of the query.

Figure 56 .Defining the Name. enter ‘Site ID’.Choose a Calculation Method for Each Event Query Statistic Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic window. For the name.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 83 .Figure 55 . Dimensions. and Statistics For the Query 7. 8. To define a statistic to be displayed in the event window.

Figure 57 . The statistics that do not require the use of the State() function can be picked using the Attribute Chooser instead of the Expression Builder.Click inside the parentheses of the State() function. In this case. Choose the Edit button below the line that reads “Enter the expression that should be calculated in your statistic:”. Double-click on the ServingCellId parameter to insert it into the expression.Expression Builder for the Event Query 13. type State().In the Statistic window.9. This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists.The Expression Builder will launch. In the Parameters area of the Expression Builder. 11.Repeat steps 7 through 13 above to define the following statistics (choose an appropriate name for each one). expand the Independent → Site Data Node tree. 12. 14.Click OK to exit the Expression Builder. Click OK when finished with the Statistic window. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Inside the top portion of the window.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 84 . select the method to calculate the statistic. 10. select Last Value.

click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. and selecting Display the Statistics Explorer.Once completed. Displaying Event Queries Once created.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 85 . sorted by the time of the event (in milliseconds). the event query can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks.Displaying the Results Of the Event Query Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Expression State(ServingSectorID) State(ServBCCH) State(ServBSIC) ServRXLev ServRxQual State(NborBCCH[0]) NborRxLev[0] Method to Calculate Last Value Last Value Last Value Mean Mean Last Value Mean 15.dt1 handset stream. Run the event query on the Nemo Drive Test 1. How many dropped calls occurred in this file? What appears to be the primary reason for the dropped call(s)? Figure 58 . The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed.

6.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 86 . Right-click on it and display it on a table. 4. We will use it to generate statistics for the ServingCellDistance in Miles binned query. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. 5. 7. Enter ‘ServingCellDistance in Miles Stats’ in the Description field. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Statistic Analysis The Statistic Analysis is used in conjunction with a binned query to generate statistics for the results of the query. Use the drop down list to select ServingCellDistance in Miles. Find the new statistic analysis under the Queries node. Select the Statistic icon in the dialog and click on New. 3. Click on the statistics tab of the table to view the statistics for the ServingCellDistance in Miles query. 2. Generate Statistics for a Binned Query 1. Do not remove any data points. Click OK to create the analysis.

Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Cell Site Configuration Using the Network Explorer The Network Explorer allows you to import network element data into Analyzer. This section describes how to import delimited data into Analyzer. It also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded into Analyzer. All other parameters are optional. The Automatic Import feature provides an automated method of updating cell site information in Analyzer as changes are made to the network. Importing Network Data The important thing to remember about Analyzer’s network data import process is that the process requires two files: 1. containing only Analyzer header information. and how to configure the Automatic Import tool. The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. Analyzer will be able to import the data. To maximize the benefit Analyzer can bring to GSM network analysis. Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format In order to import cell site data from your own network. A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form. A blank file. with one row for each individual sector in a network. creating a cell plan file called cellrefs.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 87 . you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below. 2. the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are REQUIRED for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace. to be populated with formatted data. As long as the data is in a tabular format with one row for each sector.txt.

BSIC is the concatenation of the NCC and BCC values for a cell. Governs the shape of the sector “wedge” icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. Numeric identifier for the site. Mobile country code. CI GSM_Cell CI Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. for informational purposes only. Locates site icons on map. BSC name. Locates site icons on map. for informational purposes only. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map. for informational purposes only. Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells.GSM Cell Site Parameters for Import: Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number Azimuth Beamwidth Analyzer Group GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. for use with A and Abis link data MSC name. Mobile network code. for use with A and Abis link data BSC identity. Location area code.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 88 . for use with A and Abis link data MSC identity. This field must be numeric! Base Station Power MCC MNC LAC BSC Name BSC ID MSC Name MSC ID GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_BSC GSM_BSC GSM_MSC GSM_MSC EIRP MCC MNC LAC BSCName ID MSCName ID Base station power. for informational purposes only. for use with A and Abis link data BCCH BSIC GSM_Cell GSM_Cell BCCH BSIC Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 89 . Though the columns can be in any order for import into Analyzer. following these guidelines will provide the best results: 1. Additionally.The figure below is an example of a delimited GSM file that could be used to import a site list into Analyzer. Non-unique Site ID's will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Site Names need not be unique . Figure 59 .that is. Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal. the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields. Beware of non-unique Site ID's . entries that have multiple sets of lats/longs for the same Site ID.GSM Cell Site Data Spreadsheet Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data Although Analyzer does not require cell site data fields to be listed in a particular order. Position information must be accurate in order for Analyzer to display sites in the correct location on the map. the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import into Analyzer. as should latitudes with a 'South' notation. The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location.they are used for labeling purposes only. 2.

To point the Analyzer to the file you wish to populate with the new cell site data. We recommend renaming this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation.Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data Before importing new cells into Analyzer. #NetworkData – datafile • Every Analyzer installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs. • A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: . ensure that Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site database.txt”. use the File Location line in the Tools → Preferences dialog. See the section on Loading Cell Site Data on page 17 for more details.txt located in the directory called: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs • The file to be populated need not be named “cellrefs.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 90 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

If you have pointed Analyzer to a cellrefs file containing only header information. 3. 1. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data. On the toolbar select Import → Import From New Template to open the Import dialog. you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information. you will not see any cell site data at this time.Network Explorer Window The Network Explorer display consists of two panels. To access the Network Explorer. 2. Select the appropriate network data file and click Open to display the Import Settings dialog. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection. select Tools → Network Explorer Figure 60 .Importing the Data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and pointed Analyzer to a valid cellrefs file.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 91 .

Check the appropriate Delimiter.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 92 . Give the Template a meaningful Template Name. 7.Figure 61 . 6. 5. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. In most cases. Click Next. the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply.Import Settings Dialog (Step 1 of 2) 4. Adjust these settings if necessary.

Expand the GSM_Site data node. based on the table below: Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter. and this field must be unique for each site in the database. Repeat for each of the required fields in the GSM_Site data node.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 93 .Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign GSM_Site Data 8. Required. Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter. but this field is frequently used for the site label. Required Required Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Figure 62 .

Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter.Figure 63 . Repeat for each of the required fields in the GSM_Cell data node. Expand the GSM_Cell data node.Column Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign GSM_Cell Data 9.3 • Edition B . based on the table below: Field Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP BCCH MCC MNC Required for proper operation? Required Required Required Optional Required Optional Optional Analyzer Training Course • 94 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter.

Close the Network Explorer by clicking the “X” at the upper right hand corner. 11. 1 = red. but map this field to the integer sector ID field (i.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 95 . 13. 14.log 12. If the current workspace contains existing site data. Optional.e.Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned. Required Optional. 1. select the Save button. as well as a folder containing GSM Cell Elements. Optional. 3 = green). but map this field to a custom integer field to color sectors on the map by that field.Field LAC CI BSIC Face_Display Required for proper operation? Optional Required.Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. and this field must be unique for each site in the database.Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_GSM_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer. 2.e. An example of a custom field would be the phase of the site where: 1 = On Air 2 = Under Construction 3 = Planned for Next Year Azimuth_Display Phase_Display 10. Select Yes to overwrite existing data. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created. 15.If any errors occur during the import. Select No to append to existing data. 2 = blue. 3) in order to color sectors on the map by face number (i. but map this field to the integer azimuth field in order to color sectors on the map by azimuth range. The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors. you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. The Name. Location and ID of the site will appear. Drill into the GSM Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector.To save the formatted site information.

Figure 64 .Use Zoom to Layer to Locate Cells on Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.16. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. right click on the GSM_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window.After closing the Network Explorer. Be sure to close the map with the “X” at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view. view a new map by selecting View → Display New Map. 17.If cell icons do not appear on the map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 96 .

complete frequency retune). Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 97 . Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! If the cellplan file is updated (multiple sites added. • Automatic Import of Cell Site Data The Automatic Import feature detects changes to cell plan data and updates the configured site data every time Analyzer is opened. etc. Instructions for using the Automatic Import feature follow.) can be modified directly from the Network Explorer. BCCHs.Automatic Import Setup Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Updating Cell Site Data There are two convenient ways to update cell plan information in Analyzer: • Minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths. Figure 65 . use the Automatic Import feature to detect changes to an existing cell plan and import the updated cell site file into Analyzer.

2. Select the Automatic Import Template. From the Analyzer main menu. Click OK to exit the Change Preferences dialog. To use a template created on another computer. Select the Automatic Import Input File. and will be changed accordingly in your Analyzer cell site file each time Analyzer is opened. Expand the Automatic Import option under Cellrefs and select the Enable Automatic Import option. select Tools ? Preferences. 5. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Once a template has been created. Once Automatic Import is configured. copy the template of interest from the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\Templates directory to the same directory on your machine. A message will appear that Automatic Import has been enabled and that your currently loaded cellrefs will be overwritten the next time Analyzer is restarted.To use the Automatic Import feature: 1. 4. any changes to the Automatic Import Input File will be detected. 3. a new Analyzer workspace must be started in order for that template to appear in this list. This is the text file that contains your delimited site data.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 98 .

and creating custom Reports. formatted output is required. Reports. Use Reports when generating outputs for multiple streams of data and when you want to design a custom formatted template from scratch. Two different mechanisms exist for creating for producing integrated. Reports are user-definable formatted outputs that make use of Analyzer’s integration with Microsoft Excel.1 contains application packages specific to each mobile technology supported by the software. • This section describes the use of both reporting mechanisms. Application Packages Actix Analyzer v4. including running Application Packs. each focusing on a particular aspect of mobile network optimization. Application Packs are typically used to obtain a high-level overview of call statistics. running pre-defined Reports.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 99 . allow for formatted outputs of multiple streams of data. but time constraints do not allow for the creation of a custom template.Reporting GSM Network Performance The reporting features in Analyzer allow you to create high-level management reports based on your data. Through the Analysis menu on the main menu bar 2. They can be used when a professional. the application packages can be accessed in one of two ways: 1. By right-clicking on the stream name in the Workspace Browser Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The application packs are a series of reports. The two packs currently available for GSM users are: • • DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis DT Handover Settings and Power Control Running Application Packs Once a data file is loaded. unlike Application Packs. but are not always included. polished reports that can be used to analyze high-level network statistics or communicate test results in a professional format: • Application Packages are a technology-specific series of reports that are installed automatically with every Analyzer installation. Reports may be included with an Analyzer installation (such as the GSM Training Materials).

Once executed. Information in the cell explorer is organized by serving site and sector. and shown in their raw form in Microsoft Excel. The top panel is referred to the Cell Explorer. the results of the reports can be saved. and it contains a summary of major call events and statistics for the selected stream. an Application Pack window will appear. Cell Report Window Figure 66 . The bottom pane is called the Report window and contains a list of available reports associated with the selected application pack. Once you have selected one of the Application Packs from the menu. The window is divided into two panes. printed.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 100 .Report Options for the DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Note: The application packs require Analyzer to be pointing to a valid cellrefs file in order to function properly.

Percentage of samples where at least one neighbor is stronger than the serving cell and all neighbors within 5 dBm from the server for PDF and CDF in tables and graphs Neighbour Level .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 101 .A summary of the number of occurrences of various messages and events Design Validation .Charts showing the distributions for RxLevSub. RxSubQual. quality. and dominance thresholds Measurement Charts .Shows percentage of band usage.Call Details Report Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. intra/interband handover and neighbors with 5dBm of the server for PDF and CDF.Classifies data points as having good or bad design according to interference. and TA Neighbour Level Single – Band . as tables and graphs • An example of the Call Details report output is shown below: Figure 67 .Dual Band .DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: • • • • Call Details .

DT Handover Settings and Power Control
This application pack contains the following reports: • • Handover Quality - Chart of quality measurements for the whole file, and for the five seconds before and after each handover Handover Level - Chart of the change in downlink received level due to handover, measured in five second windows before and after each handover Handover Interval - Chart showing the interval between handovers Handover Classification - Percentage breakdown between good and poor design, and breakdown poor design by class Power Distribution – Histogram of power, in dBm, by number of occurrences and includes the mean dBm Power Step Distribution – Histogram of power step changes, in dB Power Step Interval – Histogram of the time interval, in seconds, between power step changes

• • • • •

The Handover Interval report is shown below:

Figure 68 - Handover Interval Report

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Running a Pre-Defined Report
Since Application Packs are built into the Analyzer, they may not exactly meet your team’s reporting requirements. Additionally, App Packs can only be run on a single stream of data. Analyzer Reports allow you to create custom reports using Microsoft Excel, and those reports may include data from multiple streams. Reports from multiple measurement sources allow you to compare data collected simultaneously or look at your network before and after making a change. In this section, you will populate a pre-defined Analyzer Report template that contains multiple data streams. In the next section, you will create a custom report from scratch. To run the pre-defined report: 1. From the Analyzer main menu select Workbook → Open Workbook/Report. 2. Navigate to C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and Open the report called GSM Before and After Network Change.xls. 3. Analyzer prompts you to select a data stream to replace the ‘before’ stream. Select the handset stream from Nemo Drive Test 1.dt1 and click OK. 4. Analyzer then prompts you to select a second data stream. Select the handset stream from Nemo Drive Test 2.dt1 and click OK. 5. Analyzer will generate the report and launch Excel. Expect for this to take a few moments. When this is complete, click on the Report tab in the Excel workbook and examine the formatted report. The output of the report is shown on the following page.

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Figure 69 - Results of the Before and After Network Change Report

The Analyzer GSM Training Materials come with several pre-defined reports that can be run according to the steps above. These reports are: • • GSM Before and After Network Change – Presents key call statistics for two different data streams. GSM Cluster Optimization Report – Designed for use during integration of a new site or cluster. Compares actual statistics against pre-defined metrics. GSM RxLev and RxQual Report – Presents key performance statistics for RxLev and RxQual, including graphical representations.

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2. Select the parameter ServRxQualSub from GSM → Downlink Measurements.Creating a Custom Report Creating your own formatted report template is as easy as viewing the data you require on a workbook. Figure 70 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 105 . The Workbook will contain three sheets. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. to display a histogram distribution and statistics for the RxQualSub parameter.RxQual Histogram and Statistics Report To create this report: 1. and then formatting the report page using Excel. Ensure that the Nemo Drive Test 1 file is loaded into the Workspace. like the one shown below. Excel will launch. Right-click on it and choose Display on Workbook. The objective of this section is to create a simple report. which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window. Since RxQual is the parameter that provides the best estimate of user-perceived voice quality. the value of this parameter throughout a network is of great importance.

Figure 71 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Then switch to the Statistic Formatted Data tab and select the cell containing the data you wish to add to your report. Save the file in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports folder and name it RxQual_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report. 11. Click on any blank sheet in the workbook and rename the sheet “Report”. 8. format a table around the statistics and add any other desired formatting.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 106 . select File → Save. position the histogram on the page. Select the chart icon from the top menu bar of Excel: 6. Select a simple column chart and follow the Wizard prompts and instructions.Add a title to the worksheet. Click the Finish button in the chart wizard and a basic chart will be created. Click and drag to define a window around the data set. 4. Click on the Histogram Formatted Data tab. Press Enter after selecting that cell to create the reference. 12. 9.3.To place the mean and standard deviation statistics in the table in your report. type “=” in the cell you would like to hold the value on the Report sheet.Chart Wizard in Excel 7. 10.From the Excel main menu. The chart wizard will open: . 5. including the column headers. Cut and paste the new chart onto the “Report” sheet in the workbook or choose to have the chart inserted as an object on the Report sheet.

13.Close the Excel workbook. Running Your Report with New Data 1. 3. A dialog will appear that prompts you to select a data stream(s): Figure 72 .Running the Report on New Data 4. Ensure that the Nemo Drive Test 2 file is loaded into the Workspace.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 107 . Select the Nemo Drive Test 2 handset stream and watch the formatted report regenerate for the new data. 2. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select Workbook → Open Workbook to open the RxQual_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report saved previously to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory.

Open a map with data in the workspace. 3. double click on the Legend to activate it and collapse any layers that are not to appear. With the Label Box selected. Close Print Preview to make any modifications necessary. 5. 2.Printing Data A-SVS features two different ways to obtain printed map outputs. 6. Expand any layers that should appear. To print your map using the Map Layout Designer: 1. Display data on a map in the workspace. Select the Layout button from the toolbar. 4. Select Print Preview from the Toolbar to determine what the printed page will look like. 3. 8. Choose the page layout for the map and select OK to bring up the Map Layout Designer. Select the paper source. Select Print when the map layout is arranged to your satisfaction. page orientation.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 108 . To change the map layers visible in the Legend. add a title. The Map Layout Designer may be used to arrange the map and legend on the page. 5. To print a map using the Quick Print option: 1. Use the Options button in the lower left hand corner of the Print Setup dialog to adjust map size. Move the label box and the map so that they are not overlapping. 4. content. legend visibility and scale. Select the Print button from the map toolbar. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. choose Properties from the Toolbar to change the label font. and preview the output. select OK to print the map. 7. In the Print Setup dialog. The Quick Print option allows you to bypass the Map Layout Designer and print the map with a legend in a fixed position. 2. Double-click on the Label box to change the title of the map. Resize the legend as necessary. and margin sizes. 9. Resize the text box as necessary. Move the Legend so that it is not overlapping the map trail.

Double-click on the Desktop shortcut to open Analyzer with all of your frequently used queries in place. but no data files. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. together with the Workspace Explorer. the workspace includes all data display windows within the Analyzer application window. though you can save a workspace to any location. To start up Analyzer with a set of commonly used queries.Saving Your Preferred Layout In Analyzer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 109 . The workspace may then be saved as a shortcut on the Windows Desktop. Saving a workspace in Analyzer allows you to save the following items: • • • • • Window layouts Open files you are currently working with Custom analyses you have created Custom attributes you have executed Superstreams you have created To save your workspace click File → Save Workspace As and give the file a name. The Analyzer file structure includes a ‘Workspaces’ folder that can be used to hold your saved workspaces. simply save a workspace with the queries of interest. A workspace created with Analyzer may be opened directly from the Windows Desktop.

Where to Get More Help Help File Analyzer includes comprehensive online help.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 110 . You can look up information about a particular topic either by choosing an item from the index or by entering keywords and performing a search. Figure 73 . which can be accessed by clicking on Help menu on the main menu.Actix Online Help Options Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The primary help documentation can be found under Help → Contents.

Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Specific information. Figure 74 . like the definition of engineering parameters.Highlighted Parameter and Corresponding Attribute Help Entry The contents of the Help window can be printed. can be accessed by clicking on Help → Attribute Help. You can look up an item in the alphabetized list. or you can open the Attribute Help window.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 111 . and resized or minimized to enable side-by-side review as operations are performed in Analyzer. and then click on an item in the Workspace. stored under Favorites.

VA. Figure 75 . Email: support@actix.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 112 . The version number of the software is available by going to Help → About Analyzer.com/html/support. email. In the US technical support can be reached at: Phone: 1 (877) 72-ACTIX (toll free) 1 (877) 722-2849 Between the hours of 09:00-17:00 EST If you are calling outside of hours. London UK.htm When contacting Actix Support please have your license key number and the software revision number you are using ready to speed up the resolution of your problem. and Singapore to provide assistance.Technical Support Technical support is available by phone. and on the Actix Web site. Technical personnel are located in Reston. USA.About Analyzer Window Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. please leave your contact information and a brief description of the nature of the call.actix.com On the Web: www.

or to book any of these courses. the Analyzer. If you have any questions please contact our support staff. it contains further application modules for Analyzer for common optimization tasks. and sections on Frequently Asked Questions. In addition to containing information about Actix. proficiency and productivity of engineers using Actix Analyzer for network optimization and performance in the fast paced world of wireless communications. To confirm the training has met your expectations you are invited to complete a post training survey and highlight any aspect of the course that could be improved or did not meet your expectations. Actix frequently improves the Analyzer with incremental updates to the software as further test and measurement vendors’ formats integrated into the tool or updated in accordance with new versions of phones or infrastructure.actix. and other products.com and can be accessed directly from the Online Help menu under Visit the Actix Web site. Additional copies of this manual are available from Actix support or from your instructor More Advanced Training Actix offers a range of training courses designed to improve the understanding. Unless you specifically decline. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. For more information. the instructor may contact you within six weeks of this course to follow up and discuss further any questions you have. please contact your instructor or Actix sales manager. Upgrades can be downloaded from the web providing the support and maintenance contract purchased with the software is still current.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 113 . To confirm you are using the most current version of the software please check under the Help → About Analyzer menu and compare that with the current release cited on the Web site. Contact Your Instructor The objective of this training session is to provide all attendees with the knowledge and desire to use Analyzer on returning from the course.Actix Web Site Our Web site is located at: www.

Assignment Fail Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 114 . a handoff failure event is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? First Requirement: CC: Handover Command Not Followed By: A transition to idle mode Followed By: CC: Handover Failure Location Update OK Location Update Fail Assignment OK Contains geographically referenced points where a location update occurred successfully. Contains geographically referenced points where a location update failed. For Grayson and compatible GSM log files. For Grayson GSM and compatible log files. a Call Dropped event is triggered if the following criteria occur: ? ? Outgoing Call Setup OK or Incoming Call Setup OK Not followed by RR: Channel Release with Cause = Normal ? Handover OK Followed by a transition to idle mode Contains geographically referenced occurrences of all successful handoff events. a HandoffOK event is triggered if the following occurs: ? ? ? Requirement: CC: Handover Command Not Followed By: A transition to idle mode Followed By: CC: Handover Complete Handover Fail Contains geographically referenced occurrences for all handoff failures. For LCC GSM. Contains geographically referenced points where a traffic channel/slot assignment failed. Contains geographically referenced points where a traffic channel/slot was assigned. a Call Completed event is triggered if the following criteria occur: ? ? Call Dropped Outgoing Call Setup OK or Incoming Call Setup OK Followed by RR: Channel Release with Cause=Normal For GSM log files that contain air interface messaging.Appendix A – GSM Event Definitions Event Call Completed Definition For GSM log files that contain air interface messaging. it defines a successful handover and is obtained from the RR Handover Complete message.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 115 .Event Incoming Call OK Definition An incoming call initiation event is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? DL CC: Setup UL CC: Alerting Incoming Call Setup Fail An incoming call setup failure is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? CC: Setup Followed by CC: Call Confirmed Followed by a transition back to idle mode Outgoing Call OK A successful mobile origination is triggered if the following requirements are met: ? ? UL CC: Setup DL CC: Alerting Outgoing Call Setup Fail An outgoing initiation failure is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? CC: Setup Not followed by CC: Call Confirmed Followed by a transition back to idle mode Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

• • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. FTP test files should be large enough to provide a good test case. providing a good picture of maximum throughput attainable. FTP uploads and downloads provide the maximum channel usage over a continuous time period. the parameters of interest are different than when analyzing GSM drive test data. Ideal file sizes are 300 kb for download testing and 100 kb per upload testing. When analyzing GPRS drive test data. GPRS network drive tests must be designed to capture the aspect of the network of interest. The FTP server ideally should be located within the GPRS network on the Gi interface.Appendix B – GPRS Optimization Parameters As GPRS network become more prevalent. This document provides some suggestions for the design of GPRS drive test scenarios.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 116 . Locating the server within the GPRS network eliminates internet-related variables for testing purposes. the test should be conducted in an area of strong radio coverage. Stationary testing is preferable over mobile testing to reduce the effect of cell updates on throughput. as they contain compressed data that will not be subject to very much extra compression during transmission. the analysis and optimization procedures for these two types of networks are not the same. and describes areas of interest when analyzing this data with Actix A-Solutions. Zipped files are ideal. GSM performance engineers will become responsible for ensuring the integrity of these data networks. Although GPRS networks share radio resources with GSM network. Ideally. GPRS Test Design Different tests may be designed for testing different aspects of GPRS network performance: Throughput analysis • • The purpose of this test is to determine the GPRS data rate over the air interface and for the end user application. but small enough to avoid being affected by uncontrollable variables.

This type of test might be used to verify the operation of new network equipment. Ping is a good application for this type of analysis based on its relatively simple command structure and concrete timing expectations. cell updates are initiated by the mobile which breaks the connection with the abandoned cell before reselecting a new cell. A cell update typically results in 3-5 seconds of down time before communication with the new cell is established. and the time between key GPRS events. various parameters can be used to analyze the performance of the network. Mobile testing on highways or commuter transit routes is recommended for testing the effects of cell updates and mobility on the GPRS network. • Throughput – GPRS logfiles contain throughput values collected within the GPRS network and at the application level. RLC Throughput and Application Throughput are the most commonly used for analysis of GPRS networks.3 • Edition B . • • Analysis of the effects of the RF environment on the GPRS network • • • The purpose of this test is to determine how well the GPRS data network operates in the existing GSM radio environment.Latency and signaling analysis • The purpose of this test is to verify the GPRS message sequences. In a GPRS network. Typical ping delay over GPRS is 750 ms. An IP sniffer such as Ethereal may be used to view communication between the client computer and the server at the IP level (as opposed to communication between the mobile and the server seen from the GPRS handset). provided the parameter has been collected by the collection equipment. o RLC Throughput (Radio Link Control) provides data rate for the logical link between the mobile and the PCU and can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. Stationary testing in areas of high potential usage is recommended to analyze GPRS behavior with typical RF conditions. Analyzer Training Course • 117 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Each parameter described here can be viewed using the Actix Analyzer platform. RLC throughput provides the best indication of data transfer over the air interface. GPRS Data Analysis Once GPRS data has been collected.

Timeslots may be allocated based on data rate requested and network congestion. Check timeslot usage with the parameters in the GSM → GPRS Data → GPRS RMAC → Dedicated Radio Link group. but should only be used in areas where RF conditions are excellent to avoid losing packets.Uplink RLC and Application Throughput • Timeslot Usage – The more timeslots allocated to a GPRS data session. CS 4 provides virtually no error correction and the highest maximum data rate. o o Figure 76 . Coding Scheme Usage – GPRS relies on four different coding schemes to provide an appropriate balance between error correction and maximum data rate. Application Throughput most closely approximates the end user experience and can be found in the Data Testing → Application Measurements group. resulting in a lower maximum data rate. • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Target application throughput for GPRS is 11-13 kbps per timeslot for Coding Scheme 2 (CS 2). TCP throughput can be found in the Data Testing → Protocol Measurements group. CS usage information can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → GPRS RMAC → Dedicated Radio Link group. CS 1 provides substantial error correction.o LLC Throughput (Logical Link Control) provides the data rate between the mobile and the SGSN and can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 118 . TCP Throughput provides the data rate on the logical link maintaining flow and congestion control between the two communicating computers. the higher the resulting throughput.

Each data transmission in a timeslot includes a TFI indicating to which mobile the data corresponds. cell updates are controlled by the handset rather than by the network. Each GPRS user is granted a Temporary Flow Identity (TFI). Because the connection with the abandoned cell is broken before the connection is resumed with the target cell. TFIs will be assigned in consecutive numerical order if no other users are on the cell. there is a 3-5 second break in data transfer during a cell update.e. During a constant stream of data (i. the mobile will keep the same TFI.3 • Edition B . During sporadic transmit or receive activity. both of which can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. RLC_UL_Retransmissions indicates unacknowledged blocks sent by the mobile that must be resent. the mobile will constantly release and be allocated new TFIs. During sporadic activity. Temporary Block Flow (TBF) on the uplink and on the downlink. RLC_DL_BLER indicates the percentage of corrupt blocks received that cannot be decoded by the mobile. Use the ServCI parameter in the GSM → Serving Cell Parameters group to determine whether multiple cell updates are affecting GPRS throughput. FTP download). TFI numbers will jump if there Analyzer Training Course • 119 • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.RLC DL Throughput and BLER • Cell Updates – In GPRS networks.• GPRS Radio Conditions – The best indicators of GPRS radio conditions are RLC_DL_BLER and RLC_UL_Retransmissions. The handset measures and updates the serving cell based on local radio conditions. High RCL_DL_BLER or RLC_UL_Retransmission values typically result in lower throughput. TFI and TBF – Timeslots are shared between GPRS users. Diminished throughput and high BLER Figure 77 .

Acks & Nacks. LLC-based Protocols provide communication between the mobile and the SGSN.3 • Edition B . GPRS performance will suffer the more users share the same resources. RLC messages and procedures include Channel Request. TCP behavior analysis is a good place to start if RF conditions and RLC throughput Analyzer Training Course • 120 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Immediate Assignment. PDP context activation. The sequence numbers and acknowledgements can be examined in an IP sniffer file such as Ethereal.File Download Throughput and TFI • GPRS Signaling – All GPRS signaling can be accessed via the Analyzer message browser or Protocol Stack Browser. LLC procedures include mobile attach messaging. The RLC layer ensures that the mobile has sufficient resources to communicate on the radio link.are multiple users on the cell. and acknowledgement of the mobile on the network. Knowledge of protocol signaling can help to identify and pinpoint network-based problems. Bursty TFI during bursty download activity Figure 78 . and presence messaging. o RLC-based Protocols provide communication between the mobile and the PCU. Protocol analyzer traces on the Gb link may be used to see whether a problem is more widespread than just the test mobile. o • TCP Behavior – TCP is in place to maintain a problem-free connection between two computers via a system of sequence numbers and acknowledgements.

the sender may hold data and reduce throughput while waiting for earlier packets to be acknowledged. Receive Buffer Size Window – The receive buffer size window.looks good. If the RWIN setting is too small. Some potential TCP problems are: o Missing Packets . defines how many packets can be sent out by the sender without receiving an acknowledgement from the receiver. o Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. even as other packets are sent and received. until the missing packet is finally received. or RWIN setting. If the receiver misses a packet it will acknowledge the number of the missing packet.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 121 .TCP behavior causes the receiver to acknowledge packets with the number of the next expected packet. but application throughput is poor.

Set to ‘True’ to automatically align the top left corner of the object with the design grid. Select a font face. Set the background color of the sheet. Background color of the label. Make the text bold. Label Attributes Attribute Caption Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Right Extent Bottom Function The text that will be displayed in the label.3 • Edition B . Attribute Sheet Width Sheet Height Auto Scale Background Grid Size Snap to Grid Function Set the width of the StateForms sheet. Select a text color. When set to ‘True’ the size of the objects on the sheet will scale up or down to fill the sheet as the sheet window size is changed. Makes the label appear depressed. In addition. Adds a border around the label. Sheet Attributes To access the sheet properties. set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. and Array Attribute Value objects. Analyzer Training Course • 122 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Set the spacing for the design mode grid of dots. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the label scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Distance from the left edge of the label to the left edge of the form. Set the height of the StateForms sheet. Attribute Value. the sheet itself has attributes which can be set. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the label scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Below is a list of the attributes associated with the sheet and with the Label. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. Select a font size. Distance from the top of the label to the top of the form. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the label area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Make the text italicized. click on any part of the sheet that is not occupied by an object. Width of the label. Height of the label.Appendix C – StateForms Attributes There are six types of objects that can be placed on a StateForms sheet.

Adds a border around the attribute value. Array Index Attr. Value Hold Expression Expr Format Group Expr. Fmt. enter the index of the array element whose value you would like to display. Holds the last valid value of the parameter until a new valid value is collected. To display an expression instead of a straight parameter value. Use the Analyzer tree of parameters to select the attribute whose value you would like to display. ---Set to ‘True’ to highlights changes in the parameter value from the preceding data point to the current data point by changing the color used to display the parameter value. Mode Expr. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Text – used to display the parameter value as text rather than a level bar.Attribute Value Attribute Specify Min+Max Bar Range Min Bar Range Max Bar Color Use Value Color Function Set to ‘True’ to specify the minimum and maximum values when the attribute value object is used as an attribute value bar Set the minimum value for the attribute value bar Set the maximum value for the attribute value bar Set the color that will fill the attribute bar as the parameter value changes None – used when you want to displayed the attribute value as text without a color behind it. For parameters that are arrays.3 • Edition B . Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Set the size of the subdivisions into which you would like to divide the attribute level bar. Value Bar – Use this setting to fill the attribute value bar in with the bar color to indicate the level of the parameter value. Background – used to fill in the entire attribute value bar in with the bar color. ---Set to ‘True’ to color the level bars using the color scheme established in the map legend. Analyzer Training Course • 123 Show Value Text Show Min Text Show Max Text Show Minor Ticks Show Major Ticks Minor Tick Spacing Major Tick Spacing Attribute Attr. type the expression here as it would appear in the Binned Query expression builder. Convert Units – Set the number of decimal places in the result of the expression. Set the color used to indicate a change in the parameter’s value. Set to ‘True’ to display the parameter value as text Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the minimum value of the attribute level bar Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the maximum value of the attribute level bar Set to ‘True’ to display the divisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into Set to ‘True’ to display the subdivisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into Set the size of the divisions into which you would like to divide the attribute level bar. Decimals Display Validity Text Change Flag Text Change Color Color Legend Color by Format Group Color Value Expr. ---Background color of the attribute value. Select the format group for the expression you are using Normal – No Default – Append Units – Use to display the units that correspond to the expression when a format group for the expression has been set.

Select a font face. Number of rows in the array attribute value matrix. Set to ‘True’ to display the divisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into. Use the Analyzer tree of parameters to select the attribute whose value you would like to display. Distance from the left edge of the attribute value to the left edge of the form. Value Bar – Use this setting to fill the attribute value bar in with the bar color to indicate the level of the parameter value. Height of the attribute value. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Array Attribute Value Attribute Array Columns Array Rows Array Base Offset Specify Min+Max Bar Range Min Bar Range Max Bar Color Use Value Color Function Number of columns in the array attribute value matrix. Select a text color. None – used when you want to displayed the attribute value as text without a color behind it. Set the minimum value for the attribute value bar. Make the text bold. Set the size of the subdivisions into which you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Distance from the top of the attribute value to the top of the form. Set to ‘True’ to display the parameter value as text.Attribute Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Bottom Extent Right Function Makes the attribute value appear depressed. Make the text italicized.3 • Edition B . Width of the attribute value. Text – used to display the parameter value as text rather than a level bar. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. To begin displaying parameter values starting at a location in the array other than its beginning. Set to ‘True’ to display the subdivisions you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the array value area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Analyzer Training Course • 124 Show Value Text Show Min Text Show Max Text Show Minor Ticks Show Major Ticks Minor Tick Spacing Major Tick Spacing Attribute Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Set the size of the divisions into which you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Set the color that will fill the attribute bar as the parameter value changes. Background – used to fill in the entire attribute value bar in with the bar color. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the maximum value of the attribute level bar. Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the minimum value of the attribute level bar. set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. Set to ‘True’ to specify the minimum and maximum values when the attribute value object is used as an attribute value bar. Select a font size. specify the index of the first array element you would like to display. Set the maximum value for the attribute value bar.

select the format group for the expression to be displayed. Mode Function Holds the last valid value of the parameter until a new valid value is collected. ---Set to ‘True’ to color the level bars using the color scheme established in the map legend. Select a font face. Value Hold Expression Expr. Format Group Expr. If you would like to display the value of an expression instead of a simple parameter. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the array attribute value area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Decimal Display Validity Text Change Flag Text Change Color Color Legend Color by Format Group Color Value Expr. Distance from the top of the array attribute value to the top of the form. Makes the array attribute value appear depressed. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Normal – No Default – Append Units – Use to display the units that correspond to the expression when a format group for the expression has been set. Make the text bold. Convert Units – Set the number of decimal places in the result of the expression.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 125 . set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. enter the expression here as it would appear in the expression builder. ---Set to ‘True’ to highlights changes in the parameter value from the preceding data point to the current data point by changing the color used to display the parameter value. Select a text color. Width of the array attribute value. Distance from the left edge of the array attribute value to the left edge of the form.. Make the text italicized. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the array attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Expr.Attribute Attr. Mode Expr. Set the color used to indicate a change in the parameter’s value. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. Height of the array attribute value. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the array attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Frmt. Adds a border around the array attribute value. Select the format group for the expression you are using. Select a font size. If you are using an expression. ---Background color of the array attribute value. Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Bottom Extent Right Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

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