Analyzer Training Course Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

3
Actix Training Services Edition B

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Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B

Analyzer Training Course • 2

Contents
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 5 SCOPE OF THE COURSE ................................................................................................................................ 5 WHO SHOULD ATTEND ANALYZER TRAINING?........................................................................................... 5 PREREQUISITES............................................................................................................................................ 6 TOPICS TO BE COVERED .............................................................................................................................. 7 INTRODUCTION TO ACTIX ANALYZER ......................................................................................................... 8 ANALYZER’S KEY FEATURES ...................................................................................................................... 9 WHAT’S NEW IN SVS VERSION 1.3..................................................................................................... 10 TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS................................................................................................................. 10 DATA VISUALIZATION ............................................................................................................................... 10 LICENSING ................................................................................................................................................. 10 GETTING STARTED WITH ANALYZER ............................................................................................ 11 STARTING ANALYZER ............................................................................................................................... 11 CONFIGURING ANALYZER ......................................................................................................................... 13 LOADING CELL SITE DATA ........................................................................................................................ 17 DATA AGGREGATION (BINNING)............................................................................................................... 22 VIEWING DATA IN ANALYZER........................................................................................................... 23 LOADING FILES ......................................................................................................................................... 23 VIEWING SCANNER DATA IN ANALYZER................................................................................................... 26 INDEPENDENT NODE DATA IN ANALYZER ................................................................................................. 26 THE FAVORITES GROUP............................................................................................................................. 28 VIEWING DATA ON MAPS .......................................................................................................................... 29 MODIFYING LEGEND RANGES ................................................................................................................... 30 VIEWING DATA ON CHARTS ...................................................................................................................... 40 VIEWING DATA IN THE MESSAGE BROWSER ............................................................................................. 44 VIEWING DATA IN THE PROTOCOL STACK BROWSER ................................................................................ 45 VIEWING DATA IN TABLES ........................................................................................................................ 47 VIEWING DATA ON WORKBOOKS .............................................................................................................. 48 THE REPLAY TOOL .................................................................................................................................... 49 VIEWING DATA ON STATE FORMS ............................................................................................................. 50 UPLINK DATA ANALYSIS ..................................................................................................................... 61 EXPLORING CALL TRACE DATA ................................................................................................................ 61 SUPERSTREAMING CALL TRACE AND DRIVE TEST DATA .......................................................................... 62 MERGING MULTIPLE DRIVE FILES IN THE WORKSPACE ........................................................ 64 THE NETWORK IMAGE......................................................................................................................... 65 CREATE A NEW NETWORK IMAGE ............................................................................................................. 65 BATCH LOAD FILES INTO THE NETWORK IMAGE ....................................................................................... 67 DISPLAY DATA FOR THE ENTIRE NETWORK .............................................................................................. 68 START A NEW DAY – ATTACHING A NETWORK IMAGE ............................................................................. 68 ANALYZER QUERIES AND FILTERS ................................................................................................. 69 FILTER ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................................... 70 BINNED QUERY / CUSTOM ANALYSIS QUERY ........................................................................................... 74 CROSSTAB QUERY – SORT BY SITE AND SECTOR ...................................................................................... 78 EVENT QUERY - DROPPED CALL WINDOW ................................................................................................ 81 STATISTIC ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................. 86
Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 3

...................... 113 APPENDIX A – GSM EVENT DEFINITIONS................................................................................................................................... 112 ACTIX WEB SITE ................................................................................. 97 REPORTING GSM NETWORK PERFORMANCE ............................................................................................................................................................................. 99 APPLICATION PACKAGES .......................................................... 108 SAVING YOUR PREFERRED LAYOUT.................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 RUNNING A PRE-DEFINED REPORT ................ 110 TECHNICAL SUPPORT ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 114 APPENDIX B – GPRS OPTIMIZATION PARAMETERS.................................................... 87 IMPORTING NETWORK DATA...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 110 HELP FILE .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 117 APPENDIX C – STATEFORMS ATTRIBUTES............. 103 CREATING A CUSTOM REPORT ................................................................................................................................................................. 109 WHERE TO GET MORE HELP.................................. 87 UPDATING CELL SITE DATA ................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.......................3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 4 ............................ 105 PRINTING DATA ............................................................................................................................................................................................................CELL SITE CONFIGURATION USING THE NETWORK EXPLORER ................. 113 MORE ADVANCED TRAINING ........ 116 GPRS DATA ANALYSIS ................................ 116 GPRS TEST DESIGN ...................................................... 113 CONTACT YOUR INSTRUCTOR ................................................

call trace and protocol data in optimizing networks Experienced technicians involved in field optimization Anyone looking to maximize the return on their investment in Actix Analyzer • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. participants will be able to put what they learned in the class to work to identify and solve real network problems. Participants are given ample opportunity to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs. We will then cover how Analyzer can be customized to tailor existing optimization processes to the specific needs of the participants. Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. These instructors are experts in using Analyzer to increase productivity and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments. This course is led by experienced instructors.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 5 . Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? • • Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization System Performance Engineers responsible for measuring and quantifying network quality relative to competitors and/or established benchmarks Engineers looking to further understand the application of drive test.Introduction Scope of the Course Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization provides a comprehensive overview of Actix Analyzer – Service Verification Solution (‘Analyzer’). Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization begins with a high-level presentation of the Analyzer interface and its capabilities. Our goal is to give new users an understanding of what Analyzer can do and how it can help them improve the quality of service for their network subscribers. Upon completing the course.

• • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The method for setting this parameter varies by operating system. Please consult your operating system help for specific instructions regarding this parameter. Analyzer performs best when the Windows Virtual Memory Paging size is set to between 1000 and 1500 MB. or at least minimum requirements: Recommended: Processor – Pentium III 700 MHz Operating System – Windows 2000 Professional Memory (RAM) – 512 Megabytes Available Hard Disk Space – 15 Gigabytes Minimum: Processor – Pentium II 333 MHz Operating System – Windows 95 or NT SP3 I Professional Memory (RAM) – 128 Megabytes Available Hard Disk Space – 1 Gigabyte In addition to the hardware requirements listed above.Prerequisites • • Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages and limitations of each dataset Access to Actix Analyzer software Basic computer literacy.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 6 . including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications A machine meeting recommended.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 7 .Topics to Be Covered • Configuring your Analyzer workspace including map. Identifying the impact of wide area network optimization changes in terms of quality of service using advanced features that allow Analyzer to be tailored to integrate seamlessly into developed optimization processes and procedures. Using some of the latest task-oriented application packages and their supporting engineering notes. • • • • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. which highlight how Analyzer can be used to fine-tune network performance and further enhance quality of service. Using the Help options and maximizing the benefit of technical support. and parameter configuration in order to display your geographic area and network cell plan. Viewing data in a variety of ways to gain insight into possible network problems. cell site. Using pre-defined and custom analyses to analyze data and devise tailored optimization solutions. Diagnosing and solving quality of service problems with drive test and switch data.

scanners. including Ericsson TEMS.Introduction to Actix Analyzer Mobile phone network operators strive to maximize the capacity and quality of their networks in order to ensure customer satisfaction and increase revenues. Abis. It supports a wide range of file formats and provides you with a straightforward user interface. and Ascom Q-voice Switch (Mobile Traffic Records) Traces. Actix Analyzer provides the ideal solution for your network optimization problems. including Ericsson MTR. Actix Analyzer is a post-processing tool for the top-down optimization of wireless networks. Nemo TOM. and Nokia Online Protocol Analyzers on the A. including field-test equipment. Actix supports a wide variety of collection file formats. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Comarco Baseline. and Nethawk. and Gb interfaces for GSM/GPRS networks including Tektronix K1205. The collection and analysis of network performance metrics forms a large part of this effort. and call traces.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 8 . There are many sources of performance data available. Ocean. including: • • • Drive Test Collection Tools.

Data may be queried on user-defined criteria and filtered accordingly. Access to high-level statistical information and detailed engineering parameters. Analyses may be run quickly using pre-defined report templates. OMC-R traces.Analyzer’s Key Features • • • • • • • • • Supports most of the industry standard file formats for drive-test. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The most commonly requested analyses and calculations are carried out automatically. Gb. Easy-to-understand Windows user interface means information can be interpreted quickly. The Network Image feature enables aggregation of large volumes of drive test data into one file. resulting in a much smaller file. including only key parameters. and Abis traces. Interface with Excel allows detailed statistical and mathematical analysis of any data set. and A. Drive test and call trace files may be combined to link forward and reverse link data.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 9 .

AMR measurements are currently available for the TEMS.3 Technology Enhancements AMR Measurements – Adaptive multi-rate (AMR) parameters available for analysis include Setup Parameters and Frame Measurements. or replace license files.A-SVS supports the analysis of GPRS and EDGE networks. Stand-alone Configurations – Users from the same customer will be able to readily interchange hardware keys without the inconvenience of having to move. and will soon be available for TEMS and XTel. Licensing Several licensing options are available to meet the varied needs of different customers. GPRS parameters are available for all major collection vendors. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. Invex 3G and XTel data collection formats.What’s New in SVS Version 1. EDGE support is currently available for Nemo.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 10 . Data Visualization Preconfigured StateForms . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. Protocol Stack Browser – The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. Cell Site Configuration – The Network Explorer has been updated to ease the cell site configuration process.A number of preconfigured GSM and GPRS StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. The Display Cell Data view provides easy access to network data details within the workspace. Commutable Network Configurations – The Actix customer who uses the Analyzer in a commutable network configuration will now have more flexibility in configuring the use of licenses to support usage in the office and in the field. copy. The Auto Import feature is available to automatically update the cellrefs file with changes to network data. Data testing measurements provide technology independent data protocol metrics provided by wireless data collection equipment. GPRS and EDGE Protocols .

select Start → Programs → Actix → Analyzer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 11 . When you install Analyzer. a folder is created from the Start button that contains a shortcut for Analyzer. Actix Folder Analyzer Shortcut Start Button Figure 1 . you can start Analyzer in several ways.Starting Analyzer Using the Shortcut on the Start Menu Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. It will appear on the desktop.Getting Started With Analyzer Starting Analyzer As with any Windows application. Note: If you would like to add an Analyzer shortcut to your desktop. To use this shortcut to start Analyzer. right-click on the Analyzer item on the start menu and choose Create Shortcut.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 12 .An Empty Workspace in Analyzer Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. the splash screen is displayed while the application loads.After starting Analyzer. A blank Analyzer workspace then opens: Toolbar Main Menu Workspace Status Bar Figure 2 .

you will need to load some MapInfo maps and point Analyzer to a valid. and by the Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select or type in the name of a MapInfo Map (*. 2.tab) data to present data analyses on map backdrops.tab) file. applicable cell site database. 5. In class. Open a new map by selecting View → Display new Map. Setting up Maps This section shows you how to load MapInfo tabular (.The Layer Control Dialog 4.Configuring Analyzer Before you can begin analyzing data. then click Open. The Layer Layer Options Layer Properties Layer Reorder Figure 3 . known in Analyzer as a “cellrefs” file.tab. the map file we will open is Maesseh. which can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\MapFiles\Maesse MapInfo layers are named according to the geographic location of the data (usually abbreviated US state name and county name).3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 13 . there are a few configuration matters to attend to. click on the Layers icon: Control Dialog will open: Current Layers . 3. In the Map Window. click Add to open the Open Layer dialog. 1. Click on the Maximize icon to maximize the Map window. In order to obtain some geographical reference points for your log files. In the Layer Control dialog.

or modify map labels. Properties → Display: Use the Display Properties dialog to control the display features of the map layer. Properties → Labels: Use the Label Properties dialog to show.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 14 . the MapInfo layer named Maesseh. The label position and label offset can be modified at the bottom right corner of the dialog. The label font can be controlled through the Label Style button. State level tables (school districts and elevation contours) For example.tab contains highway-level data for Essex County. Check boxes also are also available to Allow Overlapped Text and Allow Duplicated Text. 6. B. Massachusetts. uncheck both the Display within range box. § § § § § To turn off labels (recommended to improve map load time). Sub-MCD. Native American Lands. § Override the default vector coloring by checking Override Style and modifying the Layer Style. The following table lists some of the common abbreviations used for MapInfo data types: Suffix Layer Type Y1 RtHwy010_Top Y2 RtHwy010_Bot X1 IntShld010 X2 IntShld1040 Pc Cultural Points Pn Natural Points Pm Municipal Points R Railroads H Highways S Streets Wr Water (rivers) Wb Water (bodies of water) Lm Landmarks Cb City Boundary Mc Minor Civic Division Cy County Other MapInfo layers: Voting District. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog.type of data contained in the file. You may want to modify the layer properties by selecting the layer and choosing the various options within the Layer Control Dialog: A. hide. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

7. check the box next to the layer name under the arrow icon . To make a layer writeable. close the Layer Control dialog with the Close button and changes will take effect. Map Toolbar Figure 4 . To make a layer to the layer name under the eye icon selectable. Layer Accessibility: To display a layer. C. open the Middlesex and Suffolk County highway layers and modify their labels and visibility as in Step 7.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 15 . After modifying any desired layer properties. § Moving map layers toward the bottom layer is recommended to set them as a backdrop for displaying cell site data and logfile parameters. check the . 8.§ Select OK to exit the Display Properties dialog. In addition to the Essex County highway layer. check the box next . Reorder → Up and Reorder → Down: Use the Reorder buttons to change the ordering of the layers.MapInfo Layer for Essex County Highways Displayed on a Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. box next to the layer name under the pencil icon § § Layers → Remove: Use the Remove button to remove a map layer from the workspace.

Pan the map viewing area to the new map by right-clicking in the map area. In the Map Layers. In the case of the highway layer. Zooms out to show the entire map area you have defined. Click and drag to move the map in the viewing pane. use the Properties Labels to set the visible range to 0-3 miles. 12. Panning – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Pan.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 16 . you can control the point at which the highway names and highway numbers become visible on the map. 10. you can control at what degree of magnification they become visible. The cursor will change to a hand symbol. 14. Measuring Distances on the Map – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Distance.Right-click on the map and choose Zoom → Zoom In from the popup menu or click on the Zoom In button on the Map toolbar. Click the first point of the two you would like to measure the distance between. Returns to the last zoom setting by undoing the last zoom operation. Investigate the impact of your changes. Previous View – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → Previous View. then click on a point in the map window. right-click on the map and choose Zoom →Previous View.Click and drag a rectangle around a small area of interest on the map. For the highway numbers. For some detailed layers. More Pan and Zoom Options The pop-up menu in the Map window offers a variety of convenient pan and zoom options. and then drag the cursor to the second Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.To return to the previous view. like the street layers. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button.9. and use the Properties Display dialog to set the Display within Zoom levels 0-10 miles. View Entire Map – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → View Entire Map.Reorder the map layers using the Up and Down buttons on the Map Layer dialog to improve the appearance of the map 11. The map will pan with the point you selected as the center. select the highway layer. 13. This helps to eliminate cluttered map displays. Centering – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Center. then choosing Zoom → Go to Layer and selecting the map layer you just added.

permits the user to display the map based on common map scales. on the File Location line.txt’ which has been installed in the following location: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs 4. 1. Later in the course. check under Map Units → Distance. and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements.allows the map to be saved to many common graphical formats for viewing outside Analyzer. 2. In Analyzer. Notice that the distance is displayed next to the cursor and is continuously updated as you drag. Note: When you are finished panning and zooming. and then display the sites on the map. The units are not displayed. In class the file we will use is called ‘Training GSM Cellrefs. a formatted database must exist containing location and configuration data for each cell site. For now. although it can have any name. we will show you how to format your own data for recognition by Analyzer. Export Map . changing the unit type if appropriate. In the Open dialog. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. remember to return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button on the map toolbar. we will point Analyzer to a preformatted cellrefs file.point. Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites in Analyzer. Other Mapping Options Copy to Clipboard allows the current map to be pasted into other MS applications for reporting and presentation. Click OK to close the Preferences dialog. double-click on the name of the current cellrefs file. select Tools → Preferences. so if you are not sure what the current units setting is.allows the importation of raster images for use as backdrops. This may be useful if it is desired to overlay printed maps from Analyzer over other maps or coverage predictions. we refer to this file as the ‘cellrefs’ file. In the Change Preferences dialog. Zoom to Map Scale . From the main menu.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 17 . and have the map showing the area you are interested in. navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. One application of this would be to bring in raster maps of coverage predictions from a planning tool for visual inspection of predicted against measured coverage. 3. New Raster .

Analyzer loads cells upon opening Analyzer or starting a new workspace. “sectors” are called “cells” based on the European terminology. At this point. A message box will be displayed saying that the new cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog.Map with Cell Sites Displayed Displaying Site Labels Labels may be displayed on the map to show identifying information for each cell site. By default the cell sites are now visible: Figure 5 . enabling the display of Site Name or Site ID. then cell labeling: 1. In the new workspace. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 18 . choose File → New Workspace to create a new workspace. select the site layer (named GSM_Site-Site_Name) 2. press the Labels button. Click OK to close the message box.5. Azimuth. From the Main Menu. In the Layer Control dialog box. click View →Display New Map. Site labels are displayed independently of cell labels. in addition to BCCH. there is no need to save the current workspace. 6. or Beamwidth. The following instructions specify first site labeling. In Analyzer.

In the Layer Control dialog box. 7.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 19 .3. select the cell layer. If you wish to change the font of the labels. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog.Click OK in the Label Properties dialog. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog.If you want to offset the label from the cell site symbol. Next.In the Label Properties box. which is named GSM_Cell-BCCH-Beamwidth 9. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. The Key Field label shows only the site ID. 5. 13. format the Cell Labels: 8. Verify that each of the following options is checked: o o o Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4.The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. BCCH is a popular labeling option. The Site Labels have been formatted.If you want to change the font of the labels. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. press the Labels button 10. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. In the Label Properties box. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. All GSM_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling. 6. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. 14. and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels. 12. as it allows you to quickly identify the BCCH frequency on each sector. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. Currently. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: o o o Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 11. there are two label formats from which to choose: o o The Site_Name (default) shows only the site name.

2. select View ? Display Cell Data. From the main menu. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Display site data of interest on the map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 20 . Click on a sector wedge or site dot on the map. From the main menu. 3.Figure 6 . Details about that sector or site will appear in the Display Cell Data window. 4. Beamwidth and Sector ID can be obtained by running the mouse over a sector on the map. select Window ? Tile Horizontally or Window ? Tile Vertically. To obtain more detailed information on each site or sector: 1.Formatted Cell and Site Labels Viewing Cell Site Information A cell’s Azimuth.

Display Cell Data Window Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 21 .Figure 7 .

Use location binning when multiple drive test teams are collecting data in the same area and composite analysis using all the drives is required.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 22 . are binned by the number of events occurring within the component measurements. such as dropped calls and handoffs. each message is placed into its own bin thus the net result is no averaging of the data. Time binning of 1000 ms is the default binning in Analyzer. are binned by averaging all component measurements into one data point. Set the binning mode for maps. a bin is given the most frequently occurring value in the component measurements. This can be used when examining several drive files crossing over the same geographic area. For example measurement parameters. such as RxLev and RxQual.Data Aggregation (Binning) Analyzer aggregates data into groups called bins in order to provide a reasonable number of data points from a computing and analysis perspective. Distance binning combines data into bins corresponding to the distance travelled by the test mobile. For network state parameters. In the Tools → Preferences dialog. require multiple stops and data from the same area may be consolidated. like traffic lights or congestion. Location binning is analogous to overlaying a spatial grid on top of the data with a user-defined granularity. click on the ‘+’ next to Binning to expand it. distance binning. Use distance binning when road conditions. time binning. and reports to Time based. charts. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. This mode is commonly used for drive test analyses. 3. Analyzer has four modes for determining how to divide data into bins: message binning. If you set the number of messages to average equal to 1. 2. such as ServBSIC and ServBCCH. • Message binning places a user-specified number of messages into each bin for averaging. Highlight the time field and set the Time to 1000 ms. Events. and location binning. • • • 1. The aggregation method used to create one bin from many data points depends on the type of parameter. Time binning combines data in the time domain using a user-specified duration for the bin.

Expanded Workspace Showing Data Groups and Parameters Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Viewing Data in Analyzer Loading Files Now that you are more familiar with the Analyzer environment. we will move on to some of the basic viewing options for drive test data. 1. Expand the layers under the NemoGSM (0) stream. 3. as shown in Figure 7. Load the following drive test files by selecting File → Open Logfile or by clicking the Open Logfile icon: . then expand the GSM node and examine each data group and parameter. Expand the file tree in the workspace and select the NemoGSM (0) stream from the Nemo Drive Test 1 file. Figure 8 .log 2.dt1 TEMS Investigation 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 23 . These files are located in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles directory: o o Nemo Drive Test 1.

To see these data groups. open any log file contained in the training package. AMR Measurements – Call setup and inband signaling measurements extracted from AMR-enabled handsets are contained in this group. Neighbor Cell Info – BCCH. If an event is not present in the tree. serving BCCH. Event Data – Call events triggered by Layer 3 messaging or registered by the drive test vendor’s equipment.Upon loading a GSM data file. In addition. parameters that are associated with the cell serving the call are contained here. BSIC. note that several data groups are created for each device contained in the file.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 24 . channel usage. it did not occur in the file. The following data groups are created under the GSM node: • • • • Statistics Data – Information about handover interval and duration Serving Cell Parameters – Information about the serving cell identity. Device Info – Information about the specifications of the mobile making the call. Specific events registered by the T+M vendors’ hardware not derived from layer 3 messaging by Analyzer are included here. TBF information and events can be found here. Target Cell Info – Information about the target cell for a handoff including BCCH and BSIC. • • • • • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Downlink Measurements – Serving RxLev and RxQual measurements made by the mobile. Vendor Specific – Measurements that are specific to the particular collection device used. and RxLev for each neighbor. and BSIC. Dedicated Radio Link – Once a call has been established. coding scheme. all neighbor measurements are broken out by channel number. which are also broken out by ARFCN. including throughput. GPRS Measurements – Metrics associated with GPRS data calls.

The Data Testing node in a GPRS or EDGE handset stream provides data parameters that are not specific to the air interface. and in workbooks.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 25 . Connection – This group contains details for data connections activated within the logfile. Under the Data Testing node. Application Statistics – This group contains the number of bytes transmitted by the data application. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) serves primarily to provide some security to datagrams in the IP network. ICMP and RLP2 layers. This group contains statistics for the IP. Task Summary – This group contains application level parameters summarizing the entire task. • IP (Internet Protocol) provides a connectionless addressing scheme of packets. control and informational messages within the data network. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. PPP. maps. Right-click on several of the parameters under each group and note that they can be displayed on tables. charts. Task_Name and Task_Key. HTTP Statistics – This group contains metrics for any HTTP session within the logfile. This is the value that most closely approximates the end user’s experience. ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) supports error. TCP. to be delivered in a packet-switched data network. Ping Statistics – This group contains metrics for any ping session within the logfile. or datagrams. • • • • • • • • • • Task Settings – This group contains task identifiers including Task_Id. the following groups may be found: • Application Measurements – Find instantaneous application layer throughput here. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) establishes a virtual connection between a source and a destination in a data network. Protocol Measurements – This group contains throughput values for each layer in the IP stack.

Viewing Scanner Data in Analyzer Analyzer supports the GSM scanners including the TEMS scanner. The site data node contains information resulting from the integration of the cell plan information and drive test data. Nemo Seegull. Information for the site data node parameters will be generated if a valid cellrefs file is loaded in the Analyzer when a logfile is loaded. This includes GPS information. Independent Node Data in Analyzer The Independent data node in Analyzer includes measurements that are technology and T+M vendor independent. Comarco baseline. To better understand the Scanner data that is presented.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 26 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.LOG and expand the stream Spectrum Tracker (0): Figure 9 . several groups have been created to help you easily drill down into the data. tables. charts.Scanner Stream Expanded to Show Its Contents Note that under the Scanner data group. and workbooks like all regular drive test parameters. This information can be displayed on maps. open logfile Grayson CW Scan. Site Data Node information and Message Type information. The site data node information appears in the workspace similar to the illustration below. and XK series scanner devices.

Expanded Site Data Node in the Workspace The Site Data Node contains the parameters listed below: • • • • ServingCellDistance – The distance between each point on the drive and the current serving cellsite ServingCellLat – The latitude of the serving cellsite at each point along the drive route ServingCellLon – The longitude of the serving cellsite at each point along the drive route ServingCellID/SectorID – The alphanumeric identity from the cellrefs file of the serving site name and sector name. This data can be viewed on a table synchronized to a map to eliminate the need to look up channel/color code information to determine the serving cell at each point on the drive NeighborCellDistance/Lat/Long/CellID/SectorID .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 27 . • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.The same information as above for each neighbor position along the drive.Figure 10 .

Favorites Tab Figure 11 . Under Events. 2. click on the Favorites tab view of the items you added is displayed. A tree 5. Under Downlink Measurements. 1. This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the workspace. find ServBCCH and add it to Favorites. find ServRxQualSub and add it to Favorites. Under Serving Cell Parameters. In the Workspace.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 28 . In the workspace. find CallDropped and HandoverOK and add them to Favorites. 3. then right-click on it and choose Add to Favorites from the pop-up menu.Workspace Showing the Favorites Parameters Displayed Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and that it may make finding key parameters more difficult. 4. . You can easily move between All and Favorites as necessary. Analyzer allows you to identify the subset of parameters you need quick access to and place them in the Favorites Group.The Favorites Group You may find that having access to all of the parameters within the log file in the Workspace is not necessary. click to select the ServRxLevSub parameter from the Downlink Measurements group.

You can display each parameter on a separate map by rightclicking on the second parameter in the Workspace Browser and choosing Display on Map.Viewing Data on Maps You can use Analyzer to create maps to display your data. The count for each range is in parentheses to the right of the range. Notice that the legend appears to the left of the map. 1. Display the serving cell signal level for the handset stream NemoGSM (0) on the map from the file Nemo Drive Test 1. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 29 . First. Figure 12 . If you would like to display a second parameter. o Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.RxLevSub Displayed On a Map 2. you have two options: o You can add the second parameter to the same map as the first by clicking on the second parameter in the Workspace Browser and dragging it onto the original map. Then right-click and select Display on Map.

Select the ServRxLevSub stream in the Map Legend window and right-click on it. 5. 4. type the maximum and minimum in the spaces provided and click on the Add button. Changes made to the ranges on the map legend will also be made to these other views.Modifying Legend Ranges 1. 3. If at any time you want to back out of all of the changes you have made. click on the Cancel button. Choose the Modify ranges option to change the number of legend ranges and some of the range boundaries. select and type in the new maximum or minimum and click on the Update button to register the changes. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 30 . Note: The ranges set for the map are also used for grouping data for histograms in workbooks and the histogram tab on tables. Figure 13 .Modify Ranges Dialog For RxLevSub 2. Delete ranges you don’t need by selecting them one at a time and pressing the Remove button. To add a new range. To edit an existing range to match your network thresholds.

Drag the selected parameter onto the map. Select the ServRxQualSub layer and click on the Offset button. on the map to open the layers 3. click OK. 9. To accept the changes you have made to the legend settings. type in a name for the new set of ranges. a. b. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. This file can be copied and shared with other members of your team. d. You can use the Offset box to enter an amount to move the RxQual in the x and y directions. click on the Layers button to get into the Layer Control Dialog. If you prefer. 7. These files are located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\FormatGroups\UserSettings. One file is created for each parameter range. The dotted line indicated by how much the ServRxQualSub layer will be shifted. Note: These changes to the ranges are saved automatically. The Map Offset Tool 1. you will be presented with the Selected Legend box. After clicking OK. Your cursor will stay at ‘+’ and will now have a dotted line connecting it to the point you just clicked. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. Click on a second point to complete the offset. Your cursor will change from an arrow to a ‘+’. To add the RxQual from the handset to the current map. Click any where on the map. c. 8. click OK. then click OK. To use the Offset Tool to offset RxQual from RxLev. Click on the Layers button dialog. Modify the colors of each range to match your network schema from within the Modify Ranges dialog by selecting the range. To keep your default legend range settings as they are and add your new legend settings as an alternate set of legend ranges. you can use the Offset Tool instead of entering specific x and y offsets.6.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 31 . and picking a new color from the palette. To overwrite the existing default legend range settings with your new settings. clicking on the Selected button in the Set Colors box. Click on the Offset Tool button. The RxQual is drawn directly on top of the RxLev trail. 2.

Map of RxLev and RxQual Data 5.1. 2.1. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Close the current map. 1. Display ServRxLevSub and ServRxQualSub on a map. 3.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 32 . then dragging one on top of the other in the legend. Visibility Check Boxes RxQual Stream 1. In the legend. The color of the points in the resulting stream will be determined by the value of the stream that was dragged and the size of the points is determined by the value of the other stream. Creating a Multi-Dimensional Map Stream You can create a two-dimensional map by dragging two parameters onto a map. Turn layer visibility on and off by clicking the layer’s checkbox in the legend. The points will be colored by RxLev with their size determined by RxQual. This will replace the two data streams with one composite stream. drag the RxLev layer on top of the RxQual layer in the legend.4.1. You can return a layer to its original position by manually setting the x and y offsets to zero or by clicking on the Reset button in the Map Offset Tool.1.1 R Figure 14 .

Figure 15 - Multi-Dimensional Map Trail

4. A third dimension can be added to the plot. You can set the symbol type to denote the value of the third parameter. 5. Drag the ServBCCH from the Serving Cell Parameters group onto the map. 6. In the legend, drag ServBCCH on top of the ServRxLev and ServRxQual multi-dimensional stream. Note that the new plot shows color corresponding to RxLev, symbol size based on RxQual and symbol type denoting serving BCCH. The legend information is automatically updated when multi-dimensional plots are created. 7. Remove the multi-dimensional layer through the Layers dialog by selecting it and clicking the Delete button. Note: Separate legend ranges exist for each parameter for the size, symbol, and color ranges. For example, you may choose to display ServRSSISub divided into five ranges when it is viewed by color, and only two ranges when viewing it by size.

Lines to Cells and Cell History
With a cell plan loaded, lines from each location on the drive route to their corresponding serving cell and neighbor cells will be drawn. Set the map cursor in the Select mode and click on any point on the drive route.

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Line to Serving Cell

Lines to Neighbor Cells

Figure 16 - Map Showing Lines to Cells

You can view the serving or neighbor cells for more than one point on the map by clicking on the Area Select button on the map toolbar and choosing one of the options now available on the toolbar, either Select Box, Select Radius, or Polygon Select. In addition to viewing serving and neighbor cells for an individual point data point or a subset of the data, a Cell History plot can be drawn. This plot shows the line to the serving cell for each point on the drive route. 1. To create this type of plot, click on the Layers button on the map toolbar. 2. Select the Lines to Serving Cells layer

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3. Click on the Lines button to access the dialog below:

Figure 17 - Line Layer Properties Dialog

4. Select the All datapoints option for the Lines draw mode. 5. For the Technology, choose GSM from the drop-down list. 6. For the Color lines with, choose ServBCCH. 7. For Label lines with, choose None.

Figure 18 - Map Showing Lines to Serving Cell For Each Point

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3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 36 . 1. This can be used to display the serving cell number value or serving site identity name adjacent to the drive route. 2. 3. click on the Label button to see the dialog box below: Figure 19 . 4. Move BCCH below the RxLev and RxQual layers in the Map Layer dialog. RxQualSub. Move the RxLev layer between the RxQual and BCCH layers.Displaying Data Values as Text on Maps The values for one or more parameters can be displayed as text on the map.Label Properties Dialog Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. With the BCCH layer selected. and BCCH onto the map. Drag RxLevSub. All the options are controlled through the Label Properties dialog accessed from the Map Layers for the layer under observation.

Text Style Box Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. size. Styles Label style – This button opens the Text Style box. Figure 20 . Disable this feature for parameters like Serving Channel Number or Site ID where the point of interest is where a change occurred. From this box you can modify the font face. Display within range – Use this option for layers like maps or cell sites when you would like to see the values when zoomed in close to the area but the labels clutter then viewing area when zoomed farther out.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 37 . background color. even if they overlap partially or fully. Formatted Field – Select this option to display the parameter name and value next to the data point. Allow Overlapped Text – Use this option to draw all labels. Visibility Show – Controls whether or not the labels appear on the map. and text effects for the label text. Hide adjacent duplicate text – Controls whether each adjacent bin with the same data value has a label displayed.The settings on this dialog are as follows: Data Data Field – Select this option to display the parameter value next to the data point.

Horizontal – Rotates the label 90 degrees. 5. Along the line – Used with Lines to Cells layers. select the RxLev. For the position. across the line to cell. For visibility. Label Y offset – Set the horizontal distance from the label to its data point. set Label X offset to -10 and Label Y offset to 5. set Label X offset to 10 and Label Y offset to -15. Select the Data Field option.Position Across the line – Used with Lines to Cells layers.Map with Labels Displayed and Formatted For RxLev and ServBCCH Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 38 . check Show and Allow overlapped text. Figure 21 . check Show and Allow overlapped text. Center. choose this option to have the labels drawn horizontally. For visibility. In the Layer Control dialog. choose this option to have the labels drawn in the direction of the line to cell. Label X offset – Set the vertical distance from the label to its data point. Alignment – Choose Left. Vertical – Draws label from left to right. or Right. Data Field. For the position. 6. For the ServBCCH layer.

the latitude and longitude coordinates of the cursor can be displayed. In addition. the map scale will appear in the lower left corner of the map window. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Lat/Lon. Map Scale and Coordinates Figure 22 . right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Scale. • • To turn on or off the scale.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 39 .Map Scale and Coordinates By default.Map Scale and Coordinates Displayed Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. To show or hide the cursor coordinates.

Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Your chart should look like this: Figure 23 . Right-click on ServRxLevSub and choose Display on Chart from the pop-up menu.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 40 . Select ServRxQual and drag and drop it onto the first chart to display both parameters on one chart.Viewing Data on Charts Analyzer can create a variety of charts for the analysis and inspection of data. 4. Click on the Histogram button distribution. Click on the Series button chart. With the Nemo Drive Test 1 file open in the Workspace. 1. to view the data as a to return the chart to a time series 5. 2.RxLev Displayed On a Chart 3. expand Downlink Measurements and select ServRxLevSub.

The events will appear on the chart as vertical lines.RxLev.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 41 . When parameters are expressed in different units they will appear on separate y axes. RxQual And Strongest Neighbor RxLev displayed On a Chart Note that RxQual appears on a separate axis from the RxLev values.6. Multiple values can be dragged onto a single chart. Your chart should look like the figure below. From the Neighbor Cell Info node. 7. Drag and drop a few events onto this chart. Figure 24 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. expand the NborRxLev node. and drag and drop NborRxLev_0 onto the chart.

9. the chart is automatically updated.You can zoom in on a section of interest. 4. such as a dropped call. On the Chart Series page. Many chart properties can be customized through the Properties dialog. Figure 25 . As you change the properties of the chart. 2. Drag and drop the dropped call event onto the chart you currently have open. click on Titles… to change one of the titles. by dragging a rectangle from upper-left to lower-right. Use the Axis dialog to increase the RxLev max value to -15 dBm.Chart Zoomed In On a Dropped Call Modifying Chart Properties 1. Click and drag a rectangle from upper-left to lower-right on the chart around the second dropped call. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Reposition the Properties Dialog so that you can see the chart with the dialog open. 8. Right-click on the chart and choose Chart Properties from the menu.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 42 . You can return to the original view by clicking and dragging a rectangle from lowerright to upper-left. 3.

redefine the style for the axis. with the chart still open. create a map displaying the same data. Still on the Chart Series page. Click on the Copy icon to place a copy of your chart on the clipboard. 12.5. labels. Create a three-dimensional chart using the options on the Chart → 3D page. 10. Click to select data on either the map or the chart and notice that the views are synchronized. and ticks. 11.If you want to select a point on the map. use the up and down arrows to change the order in which the parameters are plotted. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.In Analyzer. 8. On the Chart Axis page. click the Select button to activate the selection cursor. 6. modify the fonts and colors. 7. On the Chart Legend page. 9.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 43 .In Word or PowerPoint. click Edit → Paste to paste your chart into that application.

Click on an event in the Event Panel. In the Search box. searching. Watch as the Messaging Window synchronizes to display the messaging information corresponding to the event you selected.Viewing Data in the Message Browser Analyzer provides the Message Browser to allow you to analyze all the messaging seen from the phone.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 44 . type ‘drop’. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select a section of text in the Message Browser and click on the Copy icon. To open the browser right-click on the stream name NemoGSM (0) in the workspace and choose Display Message Browser from the pop-up menu.Messaging Displayed in the Message Browser 1. then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. and filtering operations on the data. The browser also includes events derived from the Layer 3 messaging. Figure 26 . 3. 2.

on a map or chart. and GPRS RLC and MAC messages Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 6. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. 5. 7. such as ServRxLev or ServRxQual. and watch as the message browser scrolls to highlight the messaging corresponding to that point in time. it will point to the message whose receipt triggers that event. In the Properties dialog. the message browser synchs with other Analyzer data views. Investigate the use of bookmarks by selecting a subset of messages and marking them with the Toggle button and then using the adjacent Next and Previous Toggle buttons to step through them. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. The following Protocol Stack Browser views are available for GSM and GPRS drive test data: • • • • • Layer 3 – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages and message direction Layer 3 Signaling – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages only All – Message pane displays all GSM Layer 3 and handset-specific messages GPRS Events – Message pane displays messages signifying GPRS events GPRS RLC / MAC – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3. and investigate the results of checking some of the options. Open Word and click Edit → Paste to paste the text into the current document.4. As with the maps and charts. To try this out. In Analyzer. click on the Message Format tab and modify the Font for the Message Browser. Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser is a view that allows you to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 45 . If you click to synch the message browser with an event. click on the Properties button then on the Message Format tab. display a parameter. Click on a point on the map or chart.

then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. Click on a message header from the series in the top portion of the Browser Window and notice the complete message displayed in the bottom pane for the message you selected.GSM Layer 3 Protocol Stack Browser Open the Layer 3 Protocol Stack Browser view for the Nemo Drive Test 1 sample file: 1. type ‘CC Release’. 2. display a parameter. In the Search box. To try this out. the Protocol Stack Browser synchronizes with other data views. Select the All Rows button at the top of the Protocol Stack Browser to view all messages including Layer 3 and handset-specific messages. Click on a point on the map and watch as the Protocol Stack Browser scrolls to highlight the message in the top pane and display the complete message contents in the bottom pane. 3. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. As with the maps and charts. 4. such as ServRxLevSub on a map.Figure 27 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 46 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Right-click on the NemoGSM (0) stream in the workspace and choose Protocol Stack Browser ? Layer 3 from the pop-up menu.

4. Click on the Histogram tab to see the ranges and their counts. such as mean.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 47 . Click on the Statistics tab to view the automatically calculated statistics. You can look at statistics. minimum. 1. Click on the dropped calls to synch the map with the table.RxQual Series Data Displayed in a Table 2. Add RxLev to the table by right-clicking on the RxLevSub parameter in the workspace and dragging it onto the table. and the time series data for the parameter displayed the a table. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. Display ServRxQualSub from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset on a table. Display the dropped call event on a map. To do this. 5. then right-click and select Display on Table. and maximum. 3. histogram distribution information. The ranges on the Histogram tab are determined by the ranges set in the map legend. Tabs for View Options Figure 28 .Viewing Data in Tables Tables provide a quick and simple view of numeric data for a selected attribute. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

you may find Analyzer’s table feature easier to use. a workbook is the best choice. and save and share your work.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 48 . Notice the series data being displayed in Excel with time.Viewing Data on Workbooks The Workbook feature allows you to manipulate data within a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet environment. Click on the Statistics tab to see the automatically calculated statistics. If you just want to browse numerical data. You can display the data in charts. provided that you have Excel installed on your computer.RxQual Displayed in a Workbook 2. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. produce reports. and longitude. latitude. 3. If you are looking to save your results or do more comprehensive formatting. 1. then right-click and select Display on Workbook. Select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. Click on the Histogram tab to view the ranges and counts. Figure 29 .

and ServBCCH on a table. Making sure that the NemoGSM (0) stream is selected in the replay tool. select Tools → Display Replay.The Replay Tool Progress Bar 5. Step Backward Step Forward Play Forward Stream Selection Play Backward Play Speed Figure 30 . whether or not you have a parameter from the stream displayed.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 49 . Display RxLev from NemoGSM (0) on a map. map. RxQual. you can move forward or backward. Click on the Step Forward button to move to the next point on the drive. 7. near the beginning of the drive. then drag the dropped call event onto the same map. Display the dropped call. To access the replay tool. Resembling the controls of a VCR. It will display all open logfiles. You can move through data displayed on a chart. 4. The stream selection box allows you to choose which stream to watch. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The table has also updated by highlighting the relevant data. automatically or manually advancing through the data. select a point on the map. 6. Use the Window menu to tile the map and table horizontally.The Replay Tool The replay tool allows you to sequentially view data points in the files you are analyzing. RxLev. Notice that the selection box on the map moves to the next data point in the drive. or table. 3. 1. Experiment with the remaining buttons to see how they interact with the rest of the views. 8. 2.

GSM Current Channel Form Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 50 . tables. Used in conjunction with the replay tool. maps. and charts.Viewing Data on State Forms Actix State Forms allow you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously. Using Preconfigured StateForms A number of preconfigured GSM StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. The preconfigured forms available for GSM drive test data are: • • • • • • • • GSM Call Events GSM Current Channel GSM CW Scan GSM Event Navigator GSM Neighbour Chart GSM RxLev Measurement Chart GSM Scan Chart GSM Serving + Neighbours Figure 31 . you can quickly ascertain the values of several optimization parameters for problem identification.

Forms can also be selected from the View ? Forms option on the main menu. The Stream Selector drop-down will appear. when selecting a form. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. For example. right-click on the form and select Stream Selector. do not select the GSM CW Scan chart for a logfile containing handset data. If you are not seeing information in the forms. 2. make sure that the form that you have selected applies to the type of data you want to analyze.GPRS Throughput Chart View the GSM Current Channel form for the Nemo Drive Test 1 sample file: 1. If the Stream Selector is not visible.The preconfigured forms available for GPRS drive test data are: • • • • • GPRS Data Session GPRS Data Timeslots GPRS Event Navigator GPRS Throughput (DL) GPRS Throughput (UL) Figure 32 . 3.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 51 . Right-click on the stream name NemoGSM(0) in the workspace and choose Display Form ? GSM Current Channel. In general. verify that the right data stream is selected. Use the drop-down list to select the stream you wish to view data for.

GSM Current Channel Form Docked in Workspace Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Forms with measurement views like the GSM Current Channel form or the GSM Call Events form may be best viewed when docked with the replay tool at the side of the screen as seen in the figure below.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 52 . Figure 34 .Figure 33 .Select GSM Current Channel Form 4.

GSM Event Navigator Form Docked in Workspace 7. Then. Forms with chart views like the GSM Handoff Event Navigator or the GSM RxLev Measurement Chart may be best viewed when docked at the bottom of the screen as shown below. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The following sections describe the modification of existing forms. Click the gray horizontal line at the top of the form. making sure that the right border of the form does not stretch past the midpoint of the entire Analyzer viewing platform. and the creation of new forms from scratch using the State Forms Editor. bring up the form and click the docking button (to the left of the minimize button). Figure 35 . 6. you can adjust the top and right-hand borders to allow for more viewing space in the platform. To dock a form on the left side of the workspace. Preconfigured forms can be edited to meet your individual analysis needs.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 53 . bring up the form and use the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) to dock it next the Workspace Browser. you can adjust the top border to allow for more viewing space in the platform. To dock a form at the bottom of the workspace. Once docked like in the view above.5. drag over the bottom section of the Workspace Browser. drag the thin gray line of the form to the bottom right side of the screen so that it is completely on the left half of the viewing platform. and release. Once docked like in the view above.

right-click on the blank StateForms box and select Open File. and build new forms from scratch.axl. From the Tools menu. The components of the StateForms Editor window are shown in the figure below. 3. chart. Once loaded. Note: If the stream selection box is not visible. chart.Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor The StateForms Editor allows you to view custom forms. 2.The StateForms Editor 1. 4. table or message browser). Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. or table and notice that the contents of the form will update to reflect the state of the network at the point you selected. Stream Selection Box Bar StateForms File Options Toolbar Parameter Values Figure 36 . select StateForms Editor. modify existing forms.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 54 . In this case.dt1 file open. Browse to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\State Forms directory and open the file called gsm handset. In this case. with the Nemo Drive Test 1. The selected stream must correspond to data currently displayed on another Analyzer view (map. display ServRxLevSub on a table. The stream selection box will appear. make sure the appropriate stream is selected in the StateForms stream selection box. Select any point on a map. Note: If the generic GSM handset form does not launch. right-click on the StateForms box and select Stream Selector. select the NemoGSM(0) stream.

Using the delete key on your keyboard will not work. Copy. Cut. Label. right-click on the form area and choose Show Stream Selector.StateForms Window in Design Mode The buttons on the StateForms toolbar are. Suppose the GSM handset file has almost everything you would like to see. StateForms Design ToolBar Attribute Window Figure 37 . The StateForms window now shows the design view: The attribute window will be displayed.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 55 . Delete. Toggle Design Mode. Scan Chart. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button Options Toolbar. showing all of the attributes that can be set for the selected object and the Design Mode toolbar will be displayed. Line Chart. Click Open File and choose the gsm handset. and Group Box. Delete – Removes an object from the form. from left to right. If you do not already have the StateForms file displayed. Select.axw file. Note: If the File Options Toolbar is not visible. showing all of the types of objects that can be added to a form along the options for manipulating objects already on the form. Array Attribute Value. click Tools StateForms Editor. To modify the StateForms display: 1. Paste. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. or you can make modifications to it. 3. Copy – Copies an object to the clipboard. Attribute Value. but that you are also interested in the timing advance.Modifying an Existing StateForms File You can use an existing StateForms file as it is. on the StateForms File 2. Cut – Removes an object from the form and puts it on the clipboard.

The attribute value can be displayed as a text value or on a scale bar. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click and drag the rectangle where you would like the label to appear. With these items selected. with serving cell distance displayed in miles instead of meters. expression values can be shown.Paste – Places a copy of the object on the clipboard on the upper-left corner of the form. Array Attribute Value – Click and drag to define a table. then type your text into the Caption field in the attribute window. One or more parameters can be displayed on a line chart to see how the values vary across the drive. click the Delete button. Time Chart – Click and drag to define the chart area. Attribute Value – Click and drag a rectangle then choose an attribute from the list. This type of chart is used to display information like signal levels from neighbor or scanner information in bar chart form.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 56 . For the attribute corresponding to this table. Add the ‘Timing Advance’ label by clicking on the Label button. select a parameter that is collected as an array. specify the number of rows and columns your table will have. 1. click and drag to define a rectangle. Scan Chart – Click and drag to define the chart area. Hold down the CTRL key and select the RxLev and RxQual meters. Toggle Design Mode – To exit the design mode and return to the view mode. such as Neighbor Cell Info → NborRxLev. click the Toggle Design Mode button. In the attribute window. Select – To put the cursor into select mode to allow you to select an object on the form. we will add timing advance and serving cell distance. On the GSM handset form currently open. Group Box – Used to visually group attributes on your form that belong together. 2. 3. Label – Click and drag a rectangle. as well as the labels for those meters. In addition to being able to display parameter values. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button to open the StateForms file in design mode if you are not in design mode already.

12. Select the label object. choose False. Notice that the State Form now incorporates the changes that have been made. 16. 15. choose 0) None.Click on the Toggle Design Mode button to return to the View Mode. To create the timing advance attribute. Decimals. expand the label object by dragging a corner handle. choose False. create a label whose caption is ‘Serving Cell Distance’.For Font Auto Size. choose the same color as the background of your form. 5.Click on the Save button to save the changes you have made. enter ‘ServingCellDistance/1609. choose False.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 57 . 8.To add the information about serving cell distance. and modify the Caption in the Attribute Window to read ‘Timing Advance’. Note that pasted objects always appear in the upper-left corner of the form. choose the same color as the background of your form. Use the Attribute Picker to select GSM → Dedicated Radio Link → ServTimingAdvanceActual.For the Expression. If all of the text does not fit in the label. choose 0) None.For Use Value to Color. 17. For Auto Size Font. 10. Select the timing advance attribute object and click on the box next to the Attribute field in the Attribute Window. For Use Value to Color. You can do this by creating a label from scratch or by copying and pasting an existing label.For the Bar Color. 6. 18.344’. For the Bar Color. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. click the Attribute Value button and drag a rectangle to the right of the timing advance label object. 13. enter 2. 9.For the Expr.For Font Auto Size. 14. 11.4. 7.

3. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. To start a new StateForms file. or modify an existing form to better meet your needs. 2. To begin adding objects to the StateForms sheet. We will create a new file for this example. click the New File button . You can start a new StateForms file or you can add a sheet to an existing file.New StateForms File 1. If you do not have the StateForms window open. click Tools → StateForms Editor. You can also design your own forms from scratch.New Timing Advance and Serving Cell Distance Parameters Figure 38 . click the Toggle Design Mode button to open the sheet in Design Mode. Our form will look like this: Figure 39 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 58 .StateForm Modified to Include Timing Advance Parameter Creating Your Own StateForms File Several sample StateForms are provided by Actix.

click the Attribute Bar button and drag a rectangle to the right of the RxQual Attribute object. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for the RxQual label. Select the label object and make these modifications in Attribute Window: o o o Caption: RxLev Autosize Font: False Font Height: 10 6. Click and drag the rectangle. 7. To create the Attribute Bar for RxLev. For the RxQual attribute value. 5. Add the RxLev label by clicking the Label button. click the Attribute Value button and drag a rectangle to the right of the RxLev label object.Select the RxQual Attribute Bar object and make the following changes in the Attribute Window: o Specify Min+Max: True Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. setting the caption to ‘RxQual’. 10.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 59 .4. 8. Select the RxLev Attribute Value object and make the following modifications in Attribute Window: o o o o o o o o o o o o Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Max: -50 Bar Range Min: -100 Bar Color: Use the pallet to pick blue Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Use Value to Color: 3) Value Bar Attribute: GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 10 Extent Right: True Extent Bottom: True 9.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 60 .Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the State Forms directory and call it Training StateForms. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 14. click the Group Box button and click and drag a rectangle around the other objects on the form.Select the Group Box object and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: o o o o o o Caption: Network Parameters Text Color: Use the pallet to select dark blue Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 12 Font Use Default: False Font Bold: True 13.Return to the View Mode by clicking the Toggle Design View button.o o o o o o o o o o o Bar Range Max: 7 Bar Range Min: 0 Bar Color: Use the pallet to pick purple Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Use Value to Color: 3) Value Bar Attribute: GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 10 Extent Right: True Extent Bottom: True 11. selecting that stream in the StateForms window. then selecting a point on the map.To add the Group Box object. 15.Test your new StateForms file by displaying a parameter from the NemoGSM(0) stream on a map. 12.axl.

Notice that the file includes downlink and uplink parameter values. Load the following call trace files into the Analyzer workspace. In this section. Call trace data by itself may be displayed on an Analyzer table. This procedure allows the display of uplink data on a map. 3. When merged with drive test data collected at the same time as the call trace. workbook. Exploring Call Trace Data Call trace data may be opened in Analyzer using the same method as opening drive test files. and allows the engineer to obtain a picture of the uplink performance of the network. GPS coordinates contained in the drive test file are associated to data points from the call trace. The logfiles can be found in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles folder. Because uplink data is collected at the base station. Display the parameter ULRxQualFull from the Uplink Measurements group on a chart. it is not possible to view uplink parameters such as Uplink RxLev and Uplink RxQual on a map.txt Ericsson MTR 2. or message browser.txt 2. chart. without the benefit of associated GPS data. you will look for uplink problems on the sample network using call trace and drive test data.Uplink Data Analysis Uplink data is as important as downlink data to the overall heath of a wireless network. Though it is easy to see when the areas of poor uplink RxQual occurred. o o Ericsson MTR 1. Analyzer supports GSM call trace data from most major base station equipment vendors. 1. there is no way to know where in the network these areas are located. Expand the Ericsson MTR 1 data file and explore the contents. Simply use the Open Logfile button and browse to find the files of interest. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Display a parameter on a table.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 61 . but does not contain location data for each parameter.

Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 7. The functionality supports a collection method where drive test and switch data are collected simultaneously on a cluster of cells of interest. Click the Settings button to display the Merge Method options. Highlight the Nemo Drive Test 1 stream. Highlight the Ericsson MTR 1 stream. 1. In the SuperStreaming dialog. Note: In the Superstreaming dialog box. Use the attribute picker next to Correlated Parameters to select GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub as the correlating parameter for the Nemo file. 9. 3. .DT1. The attribute picker is the button with the right-arrow icon . Change the name of the superstream from the default of SuperStream001 to Uplink and Downlink Data. Click OK to create the superstream. This allows you to plot uplink information on a map. an attribute picker allows you to select the Analyzer parameter of interest without the risk of mistyping the parameter name. or to plot the difference between uplink and downlink parameters on a map. 5.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 62 . the parameter that you associate with a stream of one type (i. Select Tools → Create Superstream. Files may also be merged on time. It aligns the information in the files based on a parameter that was collected by both the drive test and switch trace devices. a parameter common to the drive test and call trace files is specified in order to merge on. 6. Used throughout Analyzer. check the Nemo Drive Test 1 (drive test) and Ericsson MTR 1 (switch file) streams. The process is called superstreaming.txt 2. Select Correlated Parameters as the merge method. 8. Use the attribute picker to select GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub as the correlating parameter for the Ericsson file. .dt1 Call trace: Ericsson MTR 1. However. Load the drive test and the switch data files from the CD into the Workspace: o o Drive test: Nemo Drive Test 1.Superstreaming Call Trace and Drive Test Data Analyzer allows you to synchronize data from the different data sources it supports.e. In this example. only streams with check marks will be merged into the resulting superstream.TXT) will appear in the Attribute column for all streams of that type. as long as the base station and drive test equipment times are synchronized. 4.

and table features discussed earlier. it will appear in the Workspace: .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 63 .Display ULRxQualSub from the Uplink Measurements group of the newly created superstream on the map. chart. Notice how easy it is to locate areas containing poor uplink quality! These trouble spots are caused by the phone’s inability to communicate back to the base station.10. message browser. You can perform analyses on the Superstream using the map. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.When Analyzer has finished creating the superstream. and may be attributed to a mobile failing to increase its transmit power when required or to excessive path loss between the phone and the base station. 11.

Superstreaming multiple drive test files is desirable when you require one-click functionality for displaying the same parameter from multiple streams on any Analyzer view.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 64 . Use Timestamps is the default Merge Method. or when aggregate statistics on multiple drives are required. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Ensure that the following files are loaded in the Analyzer workspace: o o o Network Drive 1. When Analyzer has finished creating the superstream. Superstreams may be saved in workspaces. it will appear in the Workspace: . Name the superstream Merged Handset Data.dt1 Network Drive 3. Superstreaming creates a pointer to files already open in the workspace and does not create any new files. drive test or call trace). 3. Select Tools → Create Superstream. In the SuperStreaming dialog.dt1 Network Drive 2. message browser.dt1 2. and Network Drive 3 streams. You can perform analyses on the superstream using the map. 5. To create a superstream containing several drive test files: 1. as long as all component files are saved in the same workspace. chart. Network Drive 2. and query features discussed earlier. check the Network Drive 1. Click OK in the SuperStreaming dialog to create the superstream merged using timestamps.Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace Analyzer’s superstream mechanism may be used to merge multiple files collected on the same link (i. 4.e.

The Network Image
Frequently, optimization engineers are asked to provide a complete network overview for management, customer service, and planning purposes. A complete network drive may consist of a large number of data files from different sources, that when combined include a very large amount of data. All of the parameters, messaging, and other information available from a logfile may be helpful when performing an in-depth analysis, but when you are interested only in general information about the state of your network, this information may not be worth the time required to load and manipulate it. Actix Analyzer allows you to create a composite database consisting of multiple drives that is much smaller than the sum of the individual drive files. This is accomplished in Analyzer using the Network Image feature. Network Images extract the most commonly used network parameters and store them in an external file (*.dat). This is useful when you are performing a system-wide analysis or benchmarking activity. Because only key parameters are saved into the Network Image file, this file is much smaller than the sum of its component files. A network image populated with data is saved as a separate, smaller file from the original logfile. The original logfile is not altered in the creation of a network image repository. The data contained in a network image file differs from normal logfiles, in that the image file contains only the parameters specified and is binned according to the image definition. Network image files are pre-configured by Actix. Please contact Actix technical support for any specific requests for network image templates.

Create a New Network Image
Assume you were asked to combine four logfiles representing a day’s worth of driving by four different engineers. We will create a network image to consolidate the data into one reasonably sized file: 1. Create a network image by selecting Network Image → Create Network Image from the main Analyzer menu. 2. For the name, enter ‘Network Drive’. 3. Select the GSM → Handset → Location Binned (3 sec) Image, then click OK. This will create a network image of the data sets that is binned based on location with a grid size of three arc seconds.

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Figure 40 - Creating a Network Image

4. In the Save dialog, save the file under C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\NetworkImageDefns. Your workspace will update after creating the network image. Browse the workspace and investigate the new template called Network Drive. This template is currently an empty shell that will be populated with data extracted from logfiles.

Figure 41 - Workspace Showing the Network Image

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Batch Load Files Into the Network Image
The Network Image that you just created is nothing more than an empty directory structure. You must now add data from log files into this structure. Files do not need to be open in the workspace in order to be added to the Network Image. 1. To load files into the network image, right-click on the Network Drive network image in the workspace and select Batch Load Files. 2. In the resulting dialog, select the following files located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Data Files\ (Note: Unlike with the superstream, these files DO NOT need to be open in the workspace). • • Network Drive 1.dt1 Network Drive 3.dt1 • • Network Drive 2.dt1 Network Drive 4.dt1

3. Click Open to begin processing the files. 4. A Load Results report, like the one shown below, will appear once processing is complete. Select OK to close the report.

Figure 42 - Analyzer Dialog Showing That File Processing is Complete

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Expand the Network Drive. 2. smaller file that loads into Analyzer much faster than the original files.Display Data for the Entire Network Many logfiles contain data for more than one device. Create a new workspace by selecting File → New Workspace from the main Analyzer toolbar. Notice that key optimization parameters in the Serving Cell Parameters. 3. maps. Select Open to attach to the network image. using the templates supplied with your Analyzer installation. display some parameters on charts. Start a New Day – Attaching a Network Image Saving multiple files into one Network Image will allow a significantly faster load time than when loading each file individually. Key optimization parameters from three separate files have been combined into a single. Expand the Network Drive. Notice how quickly the network image attaches! 5. The workspace will update to reflect the change. such as the location binned template used in this example. 1. and Tables. 1. Using standard Analyzer actions. can accommodate multiple data streams collected under a single logfile. 2. Attach the previously created network image by selecting Network Image → Attach Network Image. and tables.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 68 . Network image templates. Downlink Measurements. Note that you can process scanner and handset data into a single network image or create a separate network image for scanner data. The handset was attached to Slot 0 of the device. 4. so you will find all data in the populated network image under a stream called Network Drive. However. Dedicated Radio Link. In the resulting dialog. each of the files added to this particular network image were collected using only one handset. Maps. Demonstrate the faster load time by starting a new workspace and attaching the network image. Neighbor Cell Info. and Event Data groups are included in the network image. Display some parameters on Charts. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. browse and select Network Drive.

You can save any or all of the analyses you create to use later and share with coworkers. Analyzer supports six types of query and filter analyses: • • • • • • Filter Analysis Binned Query Analysis Crosstab Query Analysis Statistic Analysis Histogram Analysis Event Query Analysis Analyzer includes the ability to use queries to assist in the detection. select the Existing Analysis tab Select any queries to save and click the Export button Browse to a folder that you wish to save your query in. Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define. The queries can be created. can be saved in a Workspace and reused for future drive data. files of analyses have the AQF extension.Analyzer Queries and Filters You can create customized analyses within the Analyzer. called a query. All custom analyses can be saved for future use through the Analysis Manager: • • • • Select Tools → Analysis Manager In the Analysis Manager. accessed. Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters from one or more data streams.aqf file Training_Class_Queries.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 69 . and presentation of network problems. All queries created during training may be stored in the same file. or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality for the purpose of speeding up the analysis of data. correction. You may want to highlight potential problem areas. These analyses can be saved in individual files or into a single file. Name the *. Your customized analysis. and edited in the Workspace through the Analysis Manager. Analyzer’s default structure provides the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Queries folder for an easy place to store queries. In Analyzer. • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

Filter Wizard 7. Right-click on the Nemo Drive Test 1 data stream and select Filter → Create a New Filter. 3. enter ‘PoorRxQual’. choose >=.• To import the queries into a new Analyzer session. 4. go to the Existing Analysis tab of the Analysis Manager and select the Import button. Click OK to create the filter. For the expression. display ServRxQualSub on a map. For the operation. 6. Follow the steps to create a new filter: 1. Figure 43 . A filter analysis tests data on a single criterion and passes the data if the criterion is met. Open the saved *.aqf query file. choose the ServRxQualSub from the attribute picker. 2. For the Threshold. From the Nemo Drive Test 1 data stream. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Filter Analysis You can create a filter that highlights those points that have RxQual greater than or equal to 4 to identify all the locations on the drive with poor quality of service.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 70 . Access the attribute picker by selecting the right arrow icon 5. . Analyzer will automatically apply the filter to any information already displayed in the workspace. enter ‘4’. For the Filter Name.

All query fields will be available for editing. The filter should be under the Filters category. The Filter dialog should look like this: Figure 44 . right-click on it. Highlight the analysis you wish to edit and press the Edit button. 11. select Tools → Analysis Manager. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. not just RxQual. Confirm that the query was created by going to Tools → Analysis Manager and clicking on the Existing Analyses tab. Browse to a folder you wish to save your query in and click Save. Assume that good signal strength is indicated by ServRxLevSub greater than or equal to –90 dB.8.To edit a query once it is created. The points you see now are the values of RxLev and BCCH when RxQual was greater than or equal to 4. select the stream in the workspace. Note that the data for all parameters. 10.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 71 .Good RxLev Filter Wizard Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and uncheck the tick mark against the filter.aqf.To remove a filter. 9. is filtered. All of the selected queries will be saved to a single file with a *. Repeat the exercise above to create a filter for good signal strength.aqf extension. Add the ServRxLev and ServBCCH parameters to the map.Save the query to a file called Training_Class_Queries. Note that the same filter will work on any GSM handset file that contains the ServRxQualSub parameter. and select the Existing Analyses tab. 12. Highlight the analysis (or analyses) you wish to save and press the Export button. and select the Existing Analyses tab.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 72 . Figure 45 . What is indicated by good signal strength and poor call quality? The following figure shows the BCCH parameter from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream with both the Poor RxQual and the Good RxLev filters applied.BCCH Filtered for Poor RxQual and Good RxLev You can also use the filter function to determine which locations are being served by distant cells.Investigate the AND and OR operators when using these two filters. We will use a threshold of 6000 meters for this filter. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Distant Server Filter Results With Lines To Cells Displayed Save all of the filters you have created to the Training_Class_Queries.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 73 .aqf file. You can zoom in on these points. That map would look like this: Figure 47 . The Filter Wizard screen should look like this: Figure 46 . There are only a few points served by distant sectors.Filter Wizard For Creating the Distant Server Analysis You can apply this filter to the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset and display ServRxLevSub on a map. then use the Select cursor to show the lines to cells for each point.The parameter we are interested in for this analysis is Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellDistance.

yet very useful example of a binned query is the conversion of the serving cell distance from meters to miles. using functions and inequalities. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. Select Tools → Analysis Manager.Creating the ServingCellDistance in Miles Query 4. or workbook. 3. enter ‘ServingCellDistance in Miles’. Create the ServingCellDistance in Miles query using the Analysis Manager: 1. 6. ServingCellDistance in Miles By default. Set the Format to Float. find the serving cell distance under Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellDistance and double-click on it to add it to the expression. A simple. The results of a binned query can be displayed on a map.344’. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Float in the window. Analyzer displays the serving cell distance in meters. table.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 74 . In the parameters box. chart. Figure 48 . 5. 2. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Binned Query / Custom Analysis Query The Binned Query allows you to define a new parameter based on existing parameters. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder. type in ‘/1609. For the Description.

When the neighbor is significantly stronger than the server. This condition may be indicative of a sector that propagates outside of its intended footprint. the handover should have taken place. enter ‘Dragging Handovers?’. For the Description. Create this query using the Analysis Manager: 1.7. 8.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 75 . Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. and the condition is known as a “dragging handover”. Create the Dragging Handovers ? query to detect locations that are suffering from the dragging handoff condition. The query will detect locations where the strongest neighbor is at least 8 dBm stronger than the server. The query will appear in the Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. Figure 49 . Under the handset stream. This condition occurs in locations where the strongest neighbor is seen at a level that at least 6-8 dBm stronger than the server. 2. expand the Queries → Binned Queries group. Dragging Handover Query Occasionally in a GSM network. Select Tools → Analysis Manager.Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. 10. 9. Click OK to create the query. 3.Binned Query Wizard Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. handovers do not occur as quickly as they should. and can result in interference and poor perceived call quality when frequency reuse plans get tight.

The Expression is: (array_max(NborRxLev[])-8)>ServRxLevSub 1. 9.We will create a custom parameter that identifies locations where the RxLev for any neighbor is more than 8 dB greater than the RxLev of the serving sector. Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. In the Expression Builder. 10.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 76 . Click OK to create the query.Right-click on the Dragging Handovers ? query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Boolean in the window. go to GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub and double-click to add it to the expression. In the Parameters pane select GSM → Neighbor Cell Info → NborRxLev and double-click on it to add it to the expression. In the attribute pane. 2. expand the Queries → Binned Queries group. 7. 5. Set the Format to Boolean. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder. 8. Under the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream.Results of the Dragging Handovers Query Displayed On a Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 3. Click to select the <<attribute[]>> placeholder in the Expression Builder. 6. type ‘(‘. This function will parse an array and select the largest value in it. double-click on the array_max function. Figure 50 . From the available functions. 4. The query will appear in a new Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. type in ‘-8)>’.

Determining the locations of dragging handovers in the network may be interesting. Refer to the StateForms section for instructions on using Analyzer StateForms. A custom state form may be used in conjunction with the query results in order determine the why handovers are dragging.GSM Neighbors StateForms Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. but this data is not useful unless you know which frequencies are causing the problem. you can perform adjustments to the network to resolve the problems.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 77 . Synchronize the GSM Neighbors state form with the map to investigate some of the areas suffering from dragging handovers. Figure 51 . Once the problem BCCHs are identified.

3 • Edition B . When the query is completed and the results are displayed on the statistics explorer. The groups can be sorted. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. and number of dropped calls as the statistics to display for each group. Use the attribute chooser to select Independent → Site Data Node → Analyzer Training Course • 78 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 4. 3. 2. it will look like this: Figure 52 . Name the query “Sort by Site and Sector”.Results of Crosstab Query on the Statistics Explorer To create the crosstab query: 1. and the mean ServRxLevSub. and a query can contain several options for grouping data.Crosstab Query – Sort by Site and Sector The crosstab query is used to group data and display statistics for each group. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select. This example will have the Serving Site and Serving Sector as the grouping options. Select the Crosstab Query icon and click on New. Click on the New Dimension button. mean ServRxQualSub.

Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 8. Enter the Statistic name. and the number of dropped calls. 6. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query.Be sure to save the Sort by Site and Sector crosstab query. Select the method to use to calculate the statistic. The parameters that you choose will be displayed as the columns in the statistics explorer.aqf file.Click OK when finished with the Statistic Window. 9. Statistic Name Mean ServRxLevSub Mean ServRxQualSub # Dropped Calls Expression ServRxLevSub ServRxQualSub EventCallDropped Method of Calculation Mean Mean Count 11. 10. Click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic Window. in your Training_Class_Queries. 12.ServingCellID to add the serving site as the first dimension. Use the attribute chooser to select the statistic of interest. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. The query statistics are the results that you would like to include for each dimension. The statistics that we will include in this query are the mean ServRxLevSub.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 79 . Use the attribute chooser again to select Independent → Site Data Node → ServingSectorID to add the serving sector as the second dimension. the mean ServRxQualSub. All of these statistics will be available for the complete drive. 5. for each serving site and sector.Once completed. Specific parameters relating to each statistic are included in the table below. 7.

The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed. Display the EventCallDropped event on the same map. View ServRxLevSub from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream on a map. Filter the Crosstab Query Results The Filter button on the Statistics Explorer may be used to quickly filter query results in the Stats Explorer and in any other Analyzer view.Specifying the Dimensions and Statistics for the Crosstab Query Display the Crosstab Query Results Once created.Figure 53 . sorted by serving channel and color code. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. such as Site 95. In this case. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. it may be useful to view data for only one serving site. Run the crosstab query on the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream. 1. the crosstab query results can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 80 . and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer.

Notice that only data points served by this site remain in the Statistics Explorer and on the map. With the row for Site 95 selected. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. select the row for Site 95.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 81 . Select the Event Query icon in the dialog and click on New. such as multiple handover failures or drops on the same cell. or multiple drops due to low coverage. To remove filtering. Viewing the window surrounding an event can provide insight into whether a pattern exists among undesirable events. 2. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. use the attribute picker Event Data → EventCallDropped. 4.Dropped Call Window The Event Query allows you to extract key performance statistics for a user-defined time or message window before or after a defined event like a handover failure or dropped call. 3. We will create an Event Query to return statistics in a five-second window for each dropped call in the file 1. 5. In the Statistics Explorer. click the Filter button again. to select GSM → 3. Tile the map and the Statistics Explorer vertically in the workspace by selecting Window → Tile Vertically. Event Query . The filter will be unapplied from both the map and the Statistics Explorer.2. press the Filter button in the Statistics Explorer. For the Trigger Selection. The parameter will show up in the triggering window.

enter ‘Dropped Call Window’. For the name of the query. For the Window Range.Setting Up the Event Query 4. 6.Figure 54 . 5. Click Next.000 milliseconds before the event and 0 milliseconds after the event. choose Time Based and set the window to 5.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 82 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

enter ‘Site ID’.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 83 .Choose a Calculation Method for Each Event Query Statistic Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. For the name. click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic window.Defining the Name. Figure 56 .Figure 55 . 8. To define a statistic to be displayed in the event window. Dimensions. and Statistics For the Query 7.

11.Repeat steps 7 through 13 above to define the following statistics (choose an appropriate name for each one). select Last Value. In the Parameters area of the Expression Builder.The Expression Builder will launch. Double-click on the ServingCellId parameter to insert it into the expression.9. expand the Independent → Site Data Node tree. 12.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 84 .Click OK to exit the Expression Builder. The statistics that do not require the use of the State() function can be picked using the Attribute Chooser instead of the Expression Builder. Click OK when finished with the Statistic window.Expression Builder for the Event Query 13. Inside the top portion of the window.In the Statistic window. Choose the Edit button below the line that reads “Enter the expression that should be calculated in your statistic:”. In this case.Click inside the parentheses of the State() function. This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists. 10. 14. type State(). Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. select the method to calculate the statistic. Figure 57 .

and selecting Display the Statistics Explorer. the event query can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. Displaying Event Queries Once created. How many dropped calls occurred in this file? What appears to be the primary reason for the dropped call(s)? Figure 58 .Displaying the Results Of the Event Query Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Expression State(ServingSectorID) State(ServBCCH) State(ServBSIC) ServRXLev ServRxQual State(NborBCCH[0]) NborRxLev[0] Method to Calculate Last Value Last Value Last Value Mean Mean Last Value Mean 15.Once completed. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed.dt1 handset stream. Run the event query on the Nemo Drive Test 1. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 85 . sorted by the time of the event (in milliseconds).

4. Enter ‘ServingCellDistance in Miles Stats’ in the Description field. 5.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 86 . 2. 6. Do not remove any data points. Select the Statistic icon in the dialog and click on New. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click OK to create the analysis. Find the new statistic analysis under the Queries node.Statistic Analysis The Statistic Analysis is used in conjunction with a binned query to generate statistics for the results of the query. Right-click on it and display it on a table. Use the drop down list to select ServingCellDistance in Miles. Click on the statistics tab of the table to view the statistics for the ServingCellDistance in Miles query. 7. We will use it to generate statistics for the ServingCellDistance in Miles binned query. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. Generate Statistics for a Binned Query 1. 3.

Importing Network Data The important thing to remember about Analyzer’s network data import process is that the process requires two files: 1. The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. This section describes how to import delimited data into Analyzer. It also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded into Analyzer. As long as the data is in a tabular format with one row for each sector. to be populated with formatted data. containing only Analyzer header information. and how to configure the Automatic Import tool. A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form. creating a cell plan file called cellrefs. Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format In order to import cell site data from your own network.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 87 . A blank file. Analyzer will be able to import the data. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Cell Site Configuration Using the Network Explorer The Network Explorer allows you to import network element data into Analyzer. The Automatic Import feature provides an automated method of updating cell site information in Analyzer as changes are made to the network. To maximize the benefit Analyzer can bring to GSM network analysis. with one row for each individual sector in a network. 2. All other parameters are optional. you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below. the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are REQUIRED for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace.txt.

Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. for use with A and Abis link data BCCH BSIC GSM_Cell GSM_Cell BCCH BSIC Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. BSIC is the concatenation of the NCC and BCC values for a cell. Numeric identifier for the site. for informational purposes only. Mobile country code. Locates site icons on map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 88 . Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map. for use with A and Abis link data MSC name. This field must be numeric! Base Station Power MCC MNC LAC BSC Name BSC ID MSC Name MSC ID GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_BSC GSM_BSC GSM_MSC GSM_MSC EIRP MCC MNC LAC BSCName ID MSCName ID Base station power.GSM Cell Site Parameters for Import: Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number Azimuth Beamwidth Analyzer Group GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. for informational purposes only. Mobile network code. Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. for use with A and Abis link data BSC identity. for use with A and Abis link data MSC identity. Governs the shape of the sector “wedge” icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. BSC name. for informational purposes only. for informational purposes only. CI GSM_Cell CI Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. Locates site icons on map. Location area code.

Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed.that is. Position information must be accurate in order for Analyzer to display sites in the correct location on the map.The figure below is an example of a delimited GSM file that could be used to import a site list into Analyzer. as should latitudes with a 'South' notation.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 89 .GSM Cell Site Data Spreadsheet Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data Although Analyzer does not require cell site data fields to be listed in a particular order. Site Names need not be unique . Additionally. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Non-unique Site ID's will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges. the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import into Analyzer. Beware of non-unique Site ID's . Though the columns can be in any order for import into Analyzer. the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields. entries that have multiple sets of lats/longs for the same Site ID. The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location. following these guidelines will provide the best results: 1.they are used for labeling purposes only. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal. 2. Figure 59 .

Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data Before importing new cells into Analyzer. To point the Analyzer to the file you wish to populate with the new cell site data. ensure that Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site database. use the File Location line in the Tools → Preferences dialog. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. #NetworkData – datafile • Every Analyzer installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs.txt located in the directory called: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs • The file to be populated need not be named “cellrefs. We recommend renaming this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 90 . • A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: . See the section on Loading Cell Site Data on page 17 for more details.txt”.

On the toolbar select Import → Import From New Template to open the Import dialog. 2. you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information.Importing the Data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and pointed Analyzer to a valid cellrefs file. you will not see any cell site data at this time. 3. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Network Explorer Window The Network Explorer display consists of two panels. Select the appropriate network data file and click Open to display the Import Settings dialog. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 91 . The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection. To access the Network Explorer. 1. select Tools → Network Explorer Figure 60 . If you have pointed Analyzer to a cellrefs file containing only header information.

the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply.Import Settings Dialog (Step 1 of 2) 4.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 92 . Check the appropriate Delimiter. 6. 5. 7. Click Next. Adjust these settings if necessary. Give the Template a meaningful Template Name.Figure 61 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. In most cases.

Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign GSM_Site Data 8. Required Required Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter. based on the table below: Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional. Repeat for each of the required fields in the GSM_Site data node. Expand the GSM_Site data node. Required. Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter. but this field is frequently used for the site label.Figure 62 . and this field must be unique for each site in the database.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 93 .

Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter.3 • Edition B . Repeat for each of the required fields in the GSM_Cell data node.Figure 63 . based on the table below: Field Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP BCCH MCC MNC Required for proper operation? Required Required Required Optional Required Optional Optional Analyzer Training Course • 94 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Expand the GSM_Cell data node. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter.Column Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign GSM_Cell Data 9.

Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_GSM_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer. Optional.To save the formatted site information. you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. 1 = red.Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned. 15.Field LAC CI BSIC Face_Display Required for proper operation? Optional Required. The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors. but map this field to a custom integer field to color sectors on the map by that field.e.If any errors occur during the import.Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. Location and ID of the site will appear. An example of a custom field would be the phase of the site where: 1 = On Air 2 = Under Construction 3 = Planned for Next Year Azimuth_Display Phase_Display 10. Select Yes to overwrite existing data. Select No to append to existing data. 2 = blue. 2. If the current workspace contains existing site data. but map this field to the integer azimuth field in order to color sectors on the map by azimuth range. 1. Drill into the GSM Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector. 13. Optional. 11. 3 = green).Close the Network Explorer by clicking the “X” at the upper right hand corner. a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created. but map this field to the integer sector ID field (i. select the Save button.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 95 . and this field must be unique for each site in the database.e. The Name. 14. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 3) in order to color sectors on the map by face number (i. as well as a folder containing GSM Cell Elements.log 12. Required Optional.

After closing the Network Explorer. 17.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 96 . view a new map by selecting View → Display New Map. Be sure to close the map with the “X” at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view.If cell icons do not appear on the map.Use Zoom to Layer to Locate Cells on Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.16. right click on the GSM_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. Figure 64 .

Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 97 . Instructions for using the Automatic Import feature follow. • Automatic Import of Cell Site Data The Automatic Import feature detects changes to cell plan data and updates the configured site data every time Analyzer is opened.) can be modified directly from the Network Explorer. complete frequency retune). Figure 65 .Updating Cell Site Data There are two convenient ways to update cell plan information in Analyzer: • Minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths. use the Automatic Import feature to detect changes to an existing cell plan and import the updated cell site file into Analyzer. Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! If the cellplan file is updated (multiple sites added.Automatic Import Setup Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. etc. BCCHs.

Once a template has been created.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 98 . Expand the Automatic Import option under Cellrefs and select the Enable Automatic Import option. and will be changed accordingly in your Analyzer cell site file each time Analyzer is opened. Select the Automatic Import Template. 3. copy the template of interest from the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\Templates directory to the same directory on your machine. a new Analyzer workspace must be started in order for that template to appear in this list. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 4. A message will appear that Automatic Import has been enabled and that your currently loaded cellrefs will be overwritten the next time Analyzer is restarted. 2. Once Automatic Import is configured. This is the text file that contains your delimited site data. 5. Click OK to exit the Change Preferences dialog.To use the Automatic Import feature: 1. Select the Automatic Import Input File. To use a template created on another computer. From the Analyzer main menu. any changes to the Automatic Import Input File will be detected. select Tools ? Preferences.

Reports. Reports are user-definable formatted outputs that make use of Analyzer’s integration with Microsoft Excel. Use Reports when generating outputs for multiple streams of data and when you want to design a custom formatted template from scratch. the application packages can be accessed in one of two ways: 1. They can be used when a professional. but time constraints do not allow for the creation of a custom template. • This section describes the use of both reporting mechanisms. polished reports that can be used to analyze high-level network statistics or communicate test results in a professional format: • Application Packages are a technology-specific series of reports that are installed automatically with every Analyzer installation.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 99 .Reporting GSM Network Performance The reporting features in Analyzer allow you to create high-level management reports based on your data. allow for formatted outputs of multiple streams of data. unlike Application Packs. Application Packages Actix Analyzer v4. Reports may be included with an Analyzer installation (such as the GSM Training Materials). each focusing on a particular aspect of mobile network optimization. Through the Analysis menu on the main menu bar 2. Application Packs are typically used to obtain a high-level overview of call statistics. running pre-defined Reports. The application packs are a series of reports. including running Application Packs. Two different mechanisms exist for creating for producing integrated.1 contains application packages specific to each mobile technology supported by the software. and creating custom Reports. formatted output is required. By right-clicking on the stream name in the Workspace Browser Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. but are not always included. The two packs currently available for GSM users are: • • DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis DT Handover Settings and Power Control Running Application Packs Once a data file is loaded.

3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 100 . Information in the cell explorer is organized by serving site and sector. the results of the reports can be saved. The top panel is referred to the Cell Explorer. Cell Report Window Figure 66 . The window is divided into two panes. Once executed.Note: The application packs require Analyzer to be pointing to a valid cellrefs file in order to function properly. an Application Pack window will appear. printed. and shown in their raw form in Microsoft Excel.Report Options for the DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The bottom pane is called the Report window and contains a list of available reports associated with the selected application pack. Once you have selected one of the Application Packs from the menu. and it contains a summary of major call events and statistics for the selected stream.

and TA Neighbour Level Single – Band . RxSubQual.Classifies data points as having good or bad design according to interference. quality. intra/interband handover and neighbors with 5dBm of the server for PDF and CDF.DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: • • • • Call Details .Shows percentage of band usage.Charts showing the distributions for RxLevSub.Percentage of samples where at least one neighbor is stronger than the serving cell and all neighbors within 5 dBm from the server for PDF and CDF in tables and graphs Neighbour Level .A summary of the number of occurrences of various messages and events Design Validation .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 101 .Dual Band .Call Details Report Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. as tables and graphs • An example of the Call Details report output is shown below: Figure 67 . and dominance thresholds Measurement Charts .

DT Handover Settings and Power Control
This application pack contains the following reports: • • Handover Quality - Chart of quality measurements for the whole file, and for the five seconds before and after each handover Handover Level - Chart of the change in downlink received level due to handover, measured in five second windows before and after each handover Handover Interval - Chart showing the interval between handovers Handover Classification - Percentage breakdown between good and poor design, and breakdown poor design by class Power Distribution – Histogram of power, in dBm, by number of occurrences and includes the mean dBm Power Step Distribution – Histogram of power step changes, in dB Power Step Interval – Histogram of the time interval, in seconds, between power step changes

• • • • •

The Handover Interval report is shown below:

Figure 68 - Handover Interval Report

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Running a Pre-Defined Report
Since Application Packs are built into the Analyzer, they may not exactly meet your team’s reporting requirements. Additionally, App Packs can only be run on a single stream of data. Analyzer Reports allow you to create custom reports using Microsoft Excel, and those reports may include data from multiple streams. Reports from multiple measurement sources allow you to compare data collected simultaneously or look at your network before and after making a change. In this section, you will populate a pre-defined Analyzer Report template that contains multiple data streams. In the next section, you will create a custom report from scratch. To run the pre-defined report: 1. From the Analyzer main menu select Workbook → Open Workbook/Report. 2. Navigate to C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and Open the report called GSM Before and After Network Change.xls. 3. Analyzer prompts you to select a data stream to replace the ‘before’ stream. Select the handset stream from Nemo Drive Test 1.dt1 and click OK. 4. Analyzer then prompts you to select a second data stream. Select the handset stream from Nemo Drive Test 2.dt1 and click OK. 5. Analyzer will generate the report and launch Excel. Expect for this to take a few moments. When this is complete, click on the Report tab in the Excel workbook and examine the formatted report. The output of the report is shown on the following page.

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Figure 69 - Results of the Before and After Network Change Report

The Analyzer GSM Training Materials come with several pre-defined reports that can be run according to the steps above. These reports are: • • GSM Before and After Network Change – Presents key call statistics for two different data streams. GSM Cluster Optimization Report – Designed for use during integration of a new site or cluster. Compares actual statistics against pre-defined metrics. GSM RxLev and RxQual Report – Presents key performance statistics for RxLev and RxQual, including graphical representations.

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Since RxQual is the parameter that provides the best estimate of user-perceived voice quality.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 105 . the value of this parameter throughout a network is of great importance.RxQual Histogram and Statistics Report To create this report: 1. Select the parameter ServRxQualSub from GSM → Downlink Measurements. like the one shown below. which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window. to display a histogram distribution and statistics for the RxQualSub parameter. 2. Figure 70 . Ensure that the Nemo Drive Test 1 file is loaded into the Workspace. Excel will launch. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Creating a Custom Report Creating your own formatted report template is as easy as viewing the data you require on a workbook. The objective of this section is to create a simple report. and then formatting the report page using Excel. The Workbook will contain three sheets. Right-click on it and choose Display on Workbook.

Select a simple column chart and follow the Wizard prompts and instructions. 4. select File → Save. Select the chart icon from the top menu bar of Excel: 6.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 106 . The chart wizard will open: . Cut and paste the new chart onto the “Report” sheet in the workbook or choose to have the chart inserted as an object on the Report sheet.Add a title to the worksheet. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click on the Histogram Formatted Data tab. Press Enter after selecting that cell to create the reference. 12. position the histogram on the page. format a table around the statistics and add any other desired formatting.3. Figure 71 . 11. 10. Click on any blank sheet in the workbook and rename the sheet “Report”. Click the Finish button in the chart wizard and a basic chart will be created. type “=” in the cell you would like to hold the value on the Report sheet.From the Excel main menu. Then switch to the Statistic Formatted Data tab and select the cell containing the data you wish to add to your report.Chart Wizard in Excel 7. 5. 9. Save the file in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports folder and name it RxQual_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report.To place the mean and standard deviation statistics in the table in your report. 8. including the column headers. Click and drag to define a window around the data set.

Select the Nemo Drive Test 2 handset stream and watch the formatted report regenerate for the new data. A dialog will appear that prompts you to select a data stream(s): Figure 72 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 107 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.13.Close the Excel workbook. 3. Ensure that the Nemo Drive Test 2 file is loaded into the Workspace. Select Workbook → Open Workbook to open the RxQual_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report saved previously to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory. 2.Running the Report on New Data 4. Running Your Report with New Data 1.

Use the Options button in the lower left hand corner of the Print Setup dialog to adjust map size. Display data on a map in the workspace. Select the Layout button from the toolbar. content. 2. 4. Select Print when the map layout is arranged to your satisfaction. Move the Legend so that it is not overlapping the map trail. add a title. Double-click on the Label box to change the title of the map. 3. To print your map using the Map Layout Designer: 1. 4. 2. To print a map using the Quick Print option: 1. legend visibility and scale. Select the Print button from the map toolbar. Open a map with data in the workspace. page orientation. 9. and margin sizes.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 108 . Expand any layers that should appear. 8. 7.Printing Data A-SVS features two different ways to obtain printed map outputs. choose Properties from the Toolbar to change the label font. 5. Move the label box and the map so that they are not overlapping. and preview the output. To change the map layers visible in the Legend. select OK to print the map. With the Label Box selected. double click on the Legend to activate it and collapse any layers that are not to appear. Select the paper source. The Quick Print option allows you to bypass the Map Layout Designer and print the map with a legend in a fixed position. Resize the text box as necessary. Resize the legend as necessary. 3. Close Print Preview to make any modifications necessary. 6. The Map Layout Designer may be used to arrange the map and legend on the page. 5. Select Print Preview from the Toolbar to determine what the printed page will look like. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. In the Print Setup dialog. Choose the page layout for the map and select OK to bring up the Map Layout Designer.

The Analyzer file structure includes a ‘Workspaces’ folder that can be used to hold your saved workspaces. simply save a workspace with the queries of interest. The workspace may then be saved as a shortcut on the Windows Desktop. together with the Workspace Explorer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 109 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Saving Your Preferred Layout In Analyzer. but no data files. though you can save a workspace to any location. the workspace includes all data display windows within the Analyzer application window. Saving a workspace in Analyzer allows you to save the following items: • • • • • Window layouts Open files you are currently working with Custom analyses you have created Custom attributes you have executed Superstreams you have created To save your workspace click File → Save Workspace As and give the file a name. A workspace created with Analyzer may be opened directly from the Windows Desktop. Double-click on the Desktop shortcut to open Analyzer with all of your frequently used queries in place. To start up Analyzer with a set of commonly used queries.

Actix Online Help Options Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Where to Get More Help Help File Analyzer includes comprehensive online help. You can look up information about a particular topic either by choosing an item from the index or by entering keywords and performing a search. which can be accessed by clicking on Help menu on the main menu. Figure 73 . The primary help documentation can be found under Help → Contents.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 110 .

stored under Favorites. can be accessed by clicking on Help → Attribute Help. You can look up an item in the alphabetized list. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Specific information.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 111 . and resized or minimized to enable side-by-side review as operations are performed in Analyzer. like the definition of engineering parameters. or you can open the Attribute Help window.Highlighted Parameter and Corresponding Attribute Help Entry The contents of the Help window can be printed. Figure 74 . and then click on an item in the Workspace.

In the US technical support can be reached at: Phone: 1 (877) 72-ACTIX (toll free) 1 (877) 722-2849 Between the hours of 09:00-17:00 EST If you are calling outside of hours. VA. The version number of the software is available by going to Help → About Analyzer.actix. London UK.com/html/support. Email: support@actix. Figure 75 .About Analyzer Window Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.com On the Web: www. and on the Actix Web site. Technical personnel are located in Reston. email. please leave your contact information and a brief description of the nature of the call.Technical Support Technical support is available by phone.htm When contacting Actix Support please have your license key number and the software revision number you are using ready to speed up the resolution of your problem.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 112 . USA. and Singapore to provide assistance.

or to book any of these courses. For more information. and sections on Frequently Asked Questions. In addition to containing information about Actix.actix. proficiency and productivity of engineers using Actix Analyzer for network optimization and performance in the fast paced world of wireless communications. Upgrades can be downloaded from the web providing the support and maintenance contract purchased with the software is still current.com and can be accessed directly from the Online Help menu under Visit the Actix Web site. If you have any questions please contact our support staff. the Analyzer. it contains further application modules for Analyzer for common optimization tasks. To confirm the training has met your expectations you are invited to complete a post training survey and highlight any aspect of the course that could be improved or did not meet your expectations. Unless you specifically decline. please contact your instructor or Actix sales manager.Actix Web Site Our Web site is located at: www. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 113 . and other products. Contact Your Instructor The objective of this training session is to provide all attendees with the knowledge and desire to use Analyzer on returning from the course. Actix frequently improves the Analyzer with incremental updates to the software as further test and measurement vendors’ formats integrated into the tool or updated in accordance with new versions of phones or infrastructure. the instructor may contact you within six weeks of this course to follow up and discuss further any questions you have. To confirm you are using the most current version of the software please check under the Help → About Analyzer menu and compare that with the current release cited on the Web site. Additional copies of this manual are available from Actix support or from your instructor More Advanced Training Actix offers a range of training courses designed to improve the understanding.

a Call Completed event is triggered if the following criteria occur: ? ? Call Dropped Outgoing Call Setup OK or Incoming Call Setup OK Followed by RR: Channel Release with Cause=Normal For GSM log files that contain air interface messaging. a HandoffOK event is triggered if the following occurs: ? ? ? Requirement: CC: Handover Command Not Followed By: A transition to idle mode Followed By: CC: Handover Complete Handover Fail Contains geographically referenced occurrences for all handoff failures. a Call Dropped event is triggered if the following criteria occur: ? ? Outgoing Call Setup OK or Incoming Call Setup OK Not followed by RR: Channel Release with Cause = Normal ? Handover OK Followed by a transition to idle mode Contains geographically referenced occurrences of all successful handoff events. Contains geographically referenced points where a traffic channel/slot assignment failed. a handoff failure event is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? First Requirement: CC: Handover Command Not Followed By: A transition to idle mode Followed By: CC: Handover Failure Location Update OK Location Update Fail Assignment OK Contains geographically referenced points where a location update occurred successfully.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 114 . For Grayson and compatible GSM log files. it defines a successful handover and is obtained from the RR Handover Complete message. Contains geographically referenced points where a location update failed. Contains geographically referenced points where a traffic channel/slot was assigned.Appendix A – GSM Event Definitions Event Call Completed Definition For GSM log files that contain air interface messaging. For LCC GSM. Assignment Fail Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. For Grayson GSM and compatible log files.

Event Incoming Call OK Definition An incoming call initiation event is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? DL CC: Setup UL CC: Alerting Incoming Call Setup Fail An incoming call setup failure is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? CC: Setup Followed by CC: Call Confirmed Followed by a transition back to idle mode Outgoing Call OK A successful mobile origination is triggered if the following requirements are met: ? ? UL CC: Setup DL CC: Alerting Outgoing Call Setup Fail An outgoing initiation failure is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? CC: Setup Not followed by CC: Call Confirmed Followed by a transition back to idle mode Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 115 .

Appendix B – GPRS Optimization Parameters As GPRS network become more prevalent. Stationary testing is preferable over mobile testing to reduce the effect of cell updates on throughput. the analysis and optimization procedures for these two types of networks are not the same.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 116 . The FTP server ideally should be located within the GPRS network on the Gi interface. GPRS Test Design Different tests may be designed for testing different aspects of GPRS network performance: Throughput analysis • • The purpose of this test is to determine the GPRS data rate over the air interface and for the end user application. FTP test files should be large enough to provide a good test case. providing a good picture of maximum throughput attainable. GSM performance engineers will become responsible for ensuring the integrity of these data networks. Zipped files are ideal. and describes areas of interest when analyzing this data with Actix A-Solutions. Ideal file sizes are 300 kb for download testing and 100 kb per upload testing. Although GPRS networks share radio resources with GSM network. • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. When analyzing GPRS drive test data. as they contain compressed data that will not be subject to very much extra compression during transmission. FTP uploads and downloads provide the maximum channel usage over a continuous time period. Ideally. GPRS network drive tests must be designed to capture the aspect of the network of interest. Locating the server within the GPRS network eliminates internet-related variables for testing purposes. the test should be conducted in an area of strong radio coverage. the parameters of interest are different than when analyzing GSM drive test data. This document provides some suggestions for the design of GPRS drive test scenarios. but small enough to avoid being affected by uncontrollable variables.

Latency and signaling analysis • The purpose of this test is to verify the GPRS message sequences. This type of test might be used to verify the operation of new network equipment. Typical ping delay over GPRS is 750 ms. RLC Throughput and Application Throughput are the most commonly used for analysis of GPRS networks. An IP sniffer such as Ethereal may be used to view communication between the client computer and the server at the IP level (as opposed to communication between the mobile and the server seen from the GPRS handset). RLC throughput provides the best indication of data transfer over the air interface. • • Analysis of the effects of the RF environment on the GPRS network • • • The purpose of this test is to determine how well the GPRS data network operates in the existing GSM radio environment. Each parameter described here can be viewed using the Actix Analyzer platform. and the time between key GPRS events. Ping is a good application for this type of analysis based on its relatively simple command structure and concrete timing expectations. Stationary testing in areas of high potential usage is recommended to analyze GPRS behavior with typical RF conditions. o RLC Throughput (Radio Link Control) provides data rate for the logical link between the mobile and the PCU and can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. GPRS Data Analysis Once GPRS data has been collected. provided the parameter has been collected by the collection equipment. • Throughput – GPRS logfiles contain throughput values collected within the GPRS network and at the application level. various parameters can be used to analyze the performance of the network.3 • Edition B . Analyzer Training Course • 117 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. A cell update typically results in 3-5 seconds of down time before communication with the new cell is established. Mobile testing on highways or commuter transit routes is recommended for testing the effects of cell updates and mobility on the GPRS network. cell updates are initiated by the mobile which breaks the connection with the abandoned cell before reselecting a new cell. In a GPRS network.

o LLC Throughput (Logical Link Control) provides the data rate between the mobile and the SGSN and can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. resulting in a lower maximum data rate.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 118 . the higher the resulting throughput. o o Figure 76 . CS usage information can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → GPRS RMAC → Dedicated Radio Link group. Timeslots may be allocated based on data rate requested and network congestion. • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Application Throughput most closely approximates the end user experience and can be found in the Data Testing → Application Measurements group. TCP throughput can be found in the Data Testing → Protocol Measurements group. Check timeslot usage with the parameters in the GSM → GPRS Data → GPRS RMAC → Dedicated Radio Link group. CS 1 provides substantial error correction.Uplink RLC and Application Throughput • Timeslot Usage – The more timeslots allocated to a GPRS data session. but should only be used in areas where RF conditions are excellent to avoid losing packets. Coding Scheme Usage – GPRS relies on four different coding schemes to provide an appropriate balance between error correction and maximum data rate. TCP Throughput provides the data rate on the logical link maintaining flow and congestion control between the two communicating computers. CS 4 provides virtually no error correction and the highest maximum data rate. Target application throughput for GPRS is 11-13 kbps per timeslot for Coding Scheme 2 (CS 2).

During sporadic activity. The handset measures and updates the serving cell based on local radio conditions. cell updates are controlled by the handset rather than by the network. Because the connection with the abandoned cell is broken before the connection is resumed with the target cell. During sporadic transmit or receive activity. TFIs will be assigned in consecutive numerical order if no other users are on the cell. High RCL_DL_BLER or RLC_UL_Retransmission values typically result in lower throughput. there is a 3-5 second break in data transfer during a cell update.RLC DL Throughput and BLER • Cell Updates – In GPRS networks. Temporary Block Flow (TBF) on the uplink and on the downlink. TFI numbers will jump if there Analyzer Training Course • 119 • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. RLC_DL_BLER indicates the percentage of corrupt blocks received that cannot be decoded by the mobile. both of which can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. TFI and TBF – Timeslots are shared between GPRS users. Use the ServCI parameter in the GSM → Serving Cell Parameters group to determine whether multiple cell updates are affecting GPRS throughput. During a constant stream of data (i. the mobile will constantly release and be allocated new TFIs. Diminished throughput and high BLER Figure 77 .3 • Edition B . RLC_UL_Retransmissions indicates unacknowledged blocks sent by the mobile that must be resent. Each GPRS user is granted a Temporary Flow Identity (TFI). FTP download).• GPRS Radio Conditions – The best indicators of GPRS radio conditions are RLC_DL_BLER and RLC_UL_Retransmissions.e. the mobile will keep the same TFI. Each data transmission in a timeslot includes a TFI indicating to which mobile the data corresponds.

LLC-based Protocols provide communication between the mobile and the SGSN. TCP behavior analysis is a good place to start if RF conditions and RLC throughput Analyzer Training Course • 120 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.are multiple users on the cell. and presence messaging. The RLC layer ensures that the mobile has sufficient resources to communicate on the radio link. PDP context activation.File Download Throughput and TFI • GPRS Signaling – All GPRS signaling can be accessed via the Analyzer message browser or Protocol Stack Browser. Protocol analyzer traces on the Gb link may be used to see whether a problem is more widespread than just the test mobile. The sequence numbers and acknowledgements can be examined in an IP sniffer file such as Ethereal. Acks & Nacks. o • TCP Behavior – TCP is in place to maintain a problem-free connection between two computers via a system of sequence numbers and acknowledgements. Bursty TFI during bursty download activity Figure 78 . Knowledge of protocol signaling can help to identify and pinpoint network-based problems. and acknowledgement of the mobile on the network. Immediate Assignment. RLC messages and procedures include Channel Request. o RLC-based Protocols provide communication between the mobile and the PCU. GPRS performance will suffer the more users share the same resources.3 • Edition B . LLC procedures include mobile attach messaging.

Receive Buffer Size Window – The receive buffer size window. If the RWIN setting is too small. If the receiver misses a packet it will acknowledge the number of the missing packet.looks good. the sender may hold data and reduce throughput while waiting for earlier packets to be acknowledged. defines how many packets can be sent out by the sender without receiving an acknowledgement from the receiver. Some potential TCP problems are: o Missing Packets .TCP behavior causes the receiver to acknowledge packets with the number of the next expected packet. until the missing packet is finally received. even as other packets are sent and received.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 121 . or RWIN setting. but application throughput is poor. o Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.

Select a font size. When set to ‘True’ the size of the objects on the sheet will scale up or down to fill the sheet as the sheet window size is changed. Set the spacing for the design mode grid of dots.Appendix C – StateForms Attributes There are six types of objects that can be placed on a StateForms sheet. Background color of the label. Below is a list of the attributes associated with the sheet and with the Label. and Array Attribute Value objects. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the label scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Select a font face. Distance from the left edge of the label to the left edge of the form. Label Attributes Attribute Caption Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Right Extent Bottom Function The text that will be displayed in the label. Distance from the top of the label to the top of the form. the sheet itself has attributes which can be set. Attribute Sheet Width Sheet Height Auto Scale Background Grid Size Snap to Grid Function Set the width of the StateForms sheet. Makes the label appear depressed. Height of the label. Select a text color. Set the background color of the sheet. Attribute Value.3 • Edition B . Width of the label. Make the text italicized. Set the height of the StateForms sheet. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. click on any part of the sheet that is not occupied by an object. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the label scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Adds a border around the label. Sheet Attributes To access the sheet properties. Set to ‘True’ to automatically align the top left corner of the object with the design grid. set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the label area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Analyzer Training Course • 122 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Make the text bold. In addition.

Convert Units – Set the number of decimal places in the result of the expression. Holds the last valid value of the parameter until a new valid value is collected. Fmt. Decimals Display Validity Text Change Flag Text Change Color Color Legend Color by Format Group Color Value Expr. Value Bar – Use this setting to fill the attribute value bar in with the bar color to indicate the level of the parameter value. Text – used to display the parameter value as text rather than a level bar. Array Index Attr. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Set to ‘True’ to display the parameter value as text Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the minimum value of the attribute level bar Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the maximum value of the attribute level bar Set to ‘True’ to display the divisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into Set to ‘True’ to display the subdivisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into Set the size of the divisions into which you would like to divide the attribute level bar. Set the color used to indicate a change in the parameter’s value. type the expression here as it would appear in the Binned Query expression builder. enter the index of the array element whose value you would like to display. Adds a border around the attribute value. ---Background color of the attribute value. To display an expression instead of a straight parameter value.Attribute Value Attribute Specify Min+Max Bar Range Min Bar Range Max Bar Color Use Value Color Function Set to ‘True’ to specify the minimum and maximum values when the attribute value object is used as an attribute value bar Set the minimum value for the attribute value bar Set the maximum value for the attribute value bar Set the color that will fill the attribute bar as the parameter value changes None – used when you want to displayed the attribute value as text without a color behind it. Value Hold Expression Expr Format Group Expr. Use the Analyzer tree of parameters to select the attribute whose value you would like to display. Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Mode Expr. Analyzer Training Course • 123 Show Value Text Show Min Text Show Max Text Show Minor Ticks Show Major Ticks Minor Tick Spacing Major Tick Spacing Attribute Attr. Select the format group for the expression you are using Normal – No Default – Append Units – Use to display the units that correspond to the expression when a format group for the expression has been set. ---Set to ‘True’ to highlights changes in the parameter value from the preceding data point to the current data point by changing the color used to display the parameter value. For parameters that are arrays. Background – used to fill in the entire attribute value bar in with the bar color. ---Set to ‘True’ to color the level bars using the color scheme established in the map legend.3 • Edition B . Set the size of the subdivisions into which you would like to divide the attribute level bar.

Select a text color. Set the color that will fill the attribute bar as the parameter value changes. Number of rows in the array attribute value matrix. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Set to ‘True’ to display the divisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the array value area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the maximum value of the attribute level bar. Text – used to display the parameter value as text rather than a level bar. Distance from the top of the attribute value to the top of the form. Set to ‘True’ to display the subdivisions you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. None – used when you want to displayed the attribute value as text without a color behind it. Background – used to fill in the entire attribute value bar in with the bar color. Value Bar – Use this setting to fill the attribute value bar in with the bar color to indicate the level of the parameter value. Array Attribute Value Attribute Array Columns Array Rows Array Base Offset Specify Min+Max Bar Range Min Bar Range Max Bar Color Use Value Color Function Number of columns in the array attribute value matrix. Make the text bold. Width of the attribute value.3 • Edition B . Set the minimum value for the attribute value bar. Set to ‘True’ to display the parameter value as text. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain.Attribute Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Bottom Extent Right Function Makes the attribute value appear depressed. To begin displaying parameter values starting at a location in the array other than its beginning. Height of the attribute value. Set the size of the divisions into which you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the minimum value of the attribute level bar. Select a font size. Analyzer Training Course • 124 Show Value Text Show Min Text Show Max Text Show Minor Ticks Show Major Ticks Minor Tick Spacing Major Tick Spacing Attribute Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Set the maximum value for the attribute value bar. Set to ‘True’ to specify the minimum and maximum values when the attribute value object is used as an attribute value bar. Make the text italicized. Use the Analyzer tree of parameters to select the attribute whose value you would like to display. Distance from the left edge of the attribute value to the left edge of the form. Set the size of the subdivisions into which you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Select a font face. specify the index of the first array element you would like to display.

Decimal Display Validity Text Change Flag Text Change Color Color Legend Color by Format Group Color Value Expr. Mode Expr. Format Group Expr. Normal – No Default – Append Units – Use to display the units that correspond to the expression when a format group for the expression has been set. Set the color used to indicate a change in the parameter’s value. Make the text italicized. Expr. Mode Function Holds the last valid value of the parameter until a new valid value is collected.Attribute Attr. If you are using an expression. Select a text color. ---Background color of the array attribute value.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 125 . Select a font face. Value Hold Expression Expr. Frmt. select the format group for the expression to be displayed. Select a font size. set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the array attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Distance from the left edge of the array attribute value to the left edge of the form. Distance from the top of the array attribute value to the top of the form. enter the expression here as it would appear in the expression builder. Select the format group for the expression you are using. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Width of the array attribute value. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the array attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Adds a border around the array attribute value. Makes the array attribute value appear depressed. Height of the array attribute value. ---Set to ‘True’ to color the level bars using the color scheme established in the map legend.. Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Bottom Extent Right Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. ---Set to ‘True’ to highlights changes in the parameter value from the preceding data point to the current data point by changing the color used to display the parameter value. If you would like to display the value of an expression instead of a simple parameter. Make the text bold. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the array attribute value area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Convert Units – Set the number of decimal places in the result of the expression.