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Actix Training Services Edition B
All contents of this document are the property of Actix and are provided for information purposes only. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Actix will not be held liable for technical or editorial omissions made herein, and will not be held liable for incidental, consequential or other similar damages resulting from the use of its products. Copyright © Actix 2005. All Rights Reserved
Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B
Analyzer Training Course • 2
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 5 SCOPE OF THE COURSE ................................................................................................................................ 5 WHO SHOULD ATTEND ANALYZER TRAINING?........................................................................................... 5 PREREQUISITES............................................................................................................................................ 6 TOPICS TO BE COVERED .............................................................................................................................. 7 INTRODUCTION TO ACTIX ANALYZER ......................................................................................................... 8 ANALYZER’S KEY FEATURES ...................................................................................................................... 9 WHAT’S NEW IN SVS VERSION 1.3..................................................................................................... 10 TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS................................................................................................................. 10 DATA VISUALIZATION ............................................................................................................................... 10 LICENSING ................................................................................................................................................. 10 GETTING STARTED WITH ANALYZER ............................................................................................ 11 STARTING ANALYZER ............................................................................................................................... 11 CONFIGURING ANALYZER ......................................................................................................................... 13 LOADING CELL SITE DATA ........................................................................................................................ 17 DATA AGGREGATION (BINNING)............................................................................................................... 22 VIEWING DATA IN ANALYZER........................................................................................................... 23 LOADING FILES ......................................................................................................................................... 23 VIEWING SCANNER DATA IN ANALYZER................................................................................................... 26 INDEPENDENT NODE DATA IN ANALYZER ................................................................................................. 26 THE FAVORITES GROUP............................................................................................................................. 28 VIEWING DATA ON MAPS .......................................................................................................................... 29 MODIFYING LEGEND RANGES ................................................................................................................... 30 VIEWING DATA ON CHARTS ...................................................................................................................... 40 VIEWING DATA IN THE MESSAGE BROWSER ............................................................................................. 44 VIEWING DATA IN THE PROTOCOL STACK BROWSER ................................................................................ 45 VIEWING DATA IN TABLES ........................................................................................................................ 47 VIEWING DATA ON WORKBOOKS .............................................................................................................. 48 THE REPLAY TOOL .................................................................................................................................... 49 VIEWING DATA ON STATE FORMS ............................................................................................................. 50 UPLINK DATA ANALYSIS ..................................................................................................................... 61 EXPLORING CALL TRACE DATA ................................................................................................................ 61 SUPERSTREAMING CALL TRACE AND DRIVE TEST DATA .......................................................................... 62 MERGING MULTIPLE DRIVE FILES IN THE WORKSPACE ........................................................ 64 THE NETWORK IMAGE......................................................................................................................... 65 CREATE A NEW NETWORK IMAGE ............................................................................................................. 65 BATCH LOAD FILES INTO THE NETWORK IMAGE ....................................................................................... 67 DISPLAY DATA FOR THE ENTIRE NETWORK .............................................................................................. 68 START A NEW DAY – ATTACHING A NETWORK IMAGE ............................................................................. 68 ANALYZER QUERIES AND FILTERS ................................................................................................. 69 FILTER ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................................... 70 BINNED QUERY / CUSTOM ANALYSIS QUERY ........................................................................................... 74 CROSSTAB QUERY – SORT BY SITE AND SECTOR ...................................................................................... 78 EVENT QUERY - DROPPED CALL WINDOW ................................................................................................ 81 STATISTIC ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................. 86
Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 3
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 99 APPLICATION PACKAGES ....................................... 99 RUNNING A PRE-DEFINED REPORT .........................................................................CELL SITE CONFIGURATION USING THE NETWORK EXPLORER ........................................................................................................ 109 WHERE TO GET MORE HELP..... 87 IMPORTING NETWORK DATA..................................................................................................................................................................... 116 GPRS DATA ANALYSIS .................................................................................................. 103 CREATING A CUSTOM REPORT ............................................................................................................. 97 REPORTING GSM NETWORK PERFORMANCE ...................................... 110 HELP FILE ......................... 112 ACTIX WEB SITE ................ 113 APPENDIX A – GSM EVENT DEFINITIONS......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 MORE ADVANCED TRAINING ........................... 87 UPDATING CELL SITE DATA ..................................................................................................................................... 113 CONTACT YOUR INSTRUCTOR .......................................... 116 GPRS TEST DESIGN ................................................................................................................... 122 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.....................................................3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 4 ... 114 APPENDIX B – GPRS OPTIMIZATION PARAMETERS........................................................................... 117 APPENDIX C – STATEFORMS ATTRIBUTES....................................... 110 TECHNICAL SUPPORT ............................................................................................................................ 105 PRINTING DATA ..................................................................................................................... 108 SAVING YOUR PREFERRED LAYOUT.....
Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization begins with a high-level presentation of the Analyzer interface and its capabilities. call trace and protocol data in optimizing networks Experienced technicians involved in field optimization Anyone looking to maximize the return on their investment in Actix Analyzer • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. We will then cover how Analyzer can be customized to tailor existing optimization processes to the specific needs of the participants. Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? • • Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization System Performance Engineers responsible for measuring and quantifying network quality relative to competitors and/or established benchmarks Engineers looking to further understand the application of drive test. Our goal is to give new users an understanding of what Analyzer can do and how it can help them improve the quality of service for their network subscribers.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 5 .Introduction Scope of the Course Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization provides a comprehensive overview of Actix Analyzer – Service Verification Solution (‘Analyzer’). Upon completing the course. Participants are given ample opportunity to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs. These instructors are experts in using Analyzer to increase productivity and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments. participants will be able to put what they learned in the class to work to identify and solve real network problems. This course is led by experienced instructors.
The method for setting this parameter varies by operating system. • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Analyzer performs best when the Windows Virtual Memory Paging size is set to between 1000 and 1500 MB. or at least minimum requirements: Recommended: Processor – Pentium III 700 MHz Operating System – Windows 2000 Professional Memory (RAM) – 512 Megabytes Available Hard Disk Space – 15 Gigabytes Minimum: Processor – Pentium II 333 MHz Operating System – Windows 95 or NT SP3 I Professional Memory (RAM) – 128 Megabytes Available Hard Disk Space – 1 Gigabyte In addition to the hardware requirements listed above.Prerequisites • • Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages and limitations of each dataset Access to Actix Analyzer software Basic computer literacy. Please consult your operating system help for specific instructions regarding this parameter.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 6 . including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications A machine meeting recommended.
Topics to Be Covered • Configuring your Analyzer workspace including map. which highlight how Analyzer can be used to fine-tune network performance and further enhance quality of service. • • • • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Using pre-defined and custom analyses to analyze data and devise tailored optimization solutions. Viewing data in a variety of ways to gain insight into possible network problems. cell site. and parameter configuration in order to display your geographic area and network cell plan. Using the Help options and maximizing the benefit of technical support.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 7 . Diagnosing and solving quality of service problems with drive test and switch data. Using some of the latest task-oriented application packages and their supporting engineering notes. Identifying the impact of wide area network optimization changes in terms of quality of service using advanced features that allow Analyzer to be tailored to integrate seamlessly into developed optimization processes and procedures.
including field-test equipment. including Ericsson MTR. and Nethawk.Introduction to Actix Analyzer Mobile phone network operators strive to maximize the capacity and quality of their networks in order to ensure customer satisfaction and increase revenues. Comarco Baseline. There are many sources of performance data available. Abis. It supports a wide range of file formats and provides you with a straightforward user interface. Actix Analyzer provides the ideal solution for your network optimization problems. including Ericsson TEMS. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Actix Analyzer is a post-processing tool for the top-down optimization of wireless networks. scanners. Actix supports a wide variety of collection file formats. The collection and analysis of network performance metrics forms a large part of this effort. and Nokia Online Protocol Analyzers on the A.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 8 . and Gb interfaces for GSM/GPRS networks including Tektronix K1205. and call traces. and Ascom Q-voice Switch (Mobile Traffic Records) Traces. including: • • • Drive Test Collection Tools. Nemo TOM. Ocean.
Interface with Excel allows detailed statistical and mathematical analysis of any data set. Analyses may be run quickly using pre-defined report templates. Drive test and call trace files may be combined to link forward and reverse link data. Data may be queried on user-defined criteria and filtered accordingly. OMC-R traces. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Gb. resulting in a much smaller file. The most commonly requested analyses and calculations are carried out automatically. Access to high-level statistical information and detailed engineering parameters. The Network Image feature enables aggregation of large volumes of drive test data into one file. and Abis traces.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 9 . Easy-to-understand Windows user interface means information can be interpreted quickly. including only key parameters. and A.Analyzer’s Key Features • • • • • • • • • Supports most of the industry standard file formats for drive-test.
Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Stand-alone Configurations – Users from the same customer will be able to readily interchange hardware keys without the inconvenience of having to move. Commutable Network Configurations – The Actix customer who uses the Analyzer in a commutable network configuration will now have more flexibility in configuring the use of licenses to support usage in the office and in the field. EDGE support is currently available for Nemo. The Auto Import feature is available to automatically update the cellrefs file with changes to network data.A-SVS supports the analysis of GPRS and EDGE networks. Invex 3G and XTel data collection formats. Licensing Several licensing options are available to meet the varied needs of different customers. Data Visualization Preconfigured StateForms . Data testing measurements provide technology independent data protocol metrics provided by wireless data collection equipment.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 10 .A number of preconfigured GSM and GPRS StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. Cell Site Configuration – The Network Explorer has been updated to ease the cell site configuration process. Protocol Stack Browser – The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only.3 Technology Enhancements AMR Measurements – Adaptive multi-rate (AMR) parameters available for analysis include Setup Parameters and Frame Measurements. copy. or replace license files. The Display Cell Data view provides easy access to network data details within the workspace. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. GPRS parameters are available for all major collection vendors. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. GPRS and EDGE Protocols .What’s New in SVS Version 1. AMR measurements are currently available for the TEMS. and will soon be available for TEMS and XTel.
Starting Analyzer Using the Shortcut on the Start Menu Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. a folder is created from the Start button that contains a shortcut for Analyzer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 11 . To use this shortcut to start Analyzer. It will appear on the desktop. right-click on the Analyzer item on the start menu and choose Create Shortcut. Actix Folder Analyzer Shortcut Start Button Figure 1 . select Start → Programs → Actix → Analyzer. you can start Analyzer in several ways.Getting Started With Analyzer Starting Analyzer As with any Windows application. Note: If you would like to add an Analyzer shortcut to your desktop. When you install Analyzer.
A blank Analyzer workspace then opens: Toolbar Main Menu Workspace Status Bar Figure 2 . the splash screen is displayed while the application loads.After starting Analyzer.An Empty Workspace in Analyzer Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 12 .
5. 3. known in Analyzer as a “cellrefs” file. click Add to open the Open Layer dialog. you will need to load some MapInfo maps and point Analyzer to a valid. there are a few configuration matters to attend to. which can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\MapFiles\Maesse MapInfo layers are named according to the geographic location of the data (usually abbreviated US state name and county name). applicable cell site database. The Layer Layer Options Layer Properties Layer Reorder Figure 3 .tab) data to present data analyses on map backdrops.tab. Setting up Maps This section shows you how to load MapInfo tabular (.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 13 . In the Map Window. click on the Layers icon: Control Dialog will open: Current Layers . 2. In the Layer Control dialog.tab) file. and by the Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click on the Maximize icon to maximize the Map window. In class.Configuring Analyzer Before you can begin analyzing data.The Layer Control Dialog 4. Open a new map by selecting View → Display new Map. Select or type in the name of a MapInfo Map (*. the map file we will open is Maesseh. In order to obtain some geographical reference points for your log files. 1. then click Open.
Check boxes also are also available to Allow Overlapped Text and Allow Duplicated Text. hide.type of data contained in the file.tab contains highway-level data for Essex County. You may want to modify the layer properties by selecting the layer and choosing the various options within the Layer Control Dialog: A. or modify map labels. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. Properties → Labels: Use the Label Properties dialog to show. Sub-MCD. State level tables (school districts and elevation contours) For example. The label font can be controlled through the Label Style button. Massachusetts. 6. § Override the default vector coloring by checking Override Style and modifying the Layer Style. The label position and label offset can be modified at the bottom right corner of the dialog.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 14 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Properties → Display: Use the Display Properties dialog to control the display features of the map layer. The following table lists some of the common abbreviations used for MapInfo data types: Suffix Layer Type Y1 RtHwy010_Top Y2 RtHwy010_Bot X1 IntShld010 X2 IntShld1040 Pc Cultural Points Pn Natural Points Pm Municipal Points R Railroads H Highways S Streets Wr Water (rivers) Wb Water (bodies of water) Lm Landmarks Cb City Boundary Mc Minor Civic Division Cy County Other MapInfo layers: Voting District. uncheck both the Display within range box. B. the MapInfo layer named Maesseh. § § § § § To turn off labels (recommended to improve map load time). Native American Lands.
close the Layer Control dialog with the Close button and changes will take effect. To make a layer writeable. open the Middlesex and Suffolk County highway layers and modify their labels and visibility as in Step 7.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 15 . 8. C. check the box next . check the . § Moving map layers toward the bottom layer is recommended to set them as a backdrop for displaying cell site data and logfile parameters. After modifying any desired layer properties. 7. In addition to the Essex County highway layer. Reorder → Up and Reorder → Down: Use the Reorder buttons to change the ordering of the layers.§ Select OK to exit the Display Properties dialog. Map Toolbar Figure 4 . box next to the layer name under the pencil icon § § Layers → Remove: Use the Remove button to remove a map layer from the workspace. Layer Accessibility: To display a layer. To make a layer to the layer name under the eye icon selectable.MapInfo Layer for Essex County Highways Displayed on a Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. check the box next to the layer name under the arrow icon .
and then drag the cursor to the second Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. View Entire Map – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → View Entire Map. 10. More Pan and Zoom Options The pop-up menu in the Map window offers a variety of convenient pan and zoom options. and use the Properties Display dialog to set the Display within Zoom levels 0-10 miles. 12.9. In the Map Layers. you can control the point at which the highway names and highway numbers become visible on the map.Reorder the map layers using the Up and Down buttons on the Map Layer dialog to improve the appearance of the map 11.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 16 . Centering – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Center. select the highway layer. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. you can control at what degree of magnification they become visible. Investigate the impact of your changes. Panning – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Pan.Click and drag a rectangle around a small area of interest on the map. like the street layers. The cursor will change to a hand symbol. This helps to eliminate cluttered map displays. 13. then click on a point in the map window. For the highway numbers. Previous View – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → Previous View. Zooms out to show the entire map area you have defined. The map will pan with the point you selected as the center.To return to the previous view. Click the first point of the two you would like to measure the distance between. In the case of the highway layer.Right-click on the map and choose Zoom → Zoom In from the popup menu or click on the Zoom In button on the Map toolbar. For some detailed layers. right-click on the map and choose Zoom →Previous View. Click and drag to move the map in the viewing pane. Returns to the last zoom setting by undoing the last zoom operation. 14. Pan the map viewing area to the new map by right-clicking in the map area. use the Properties Labels to set the visible range to 0-3 miles. Measuring Distances on the Map – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Distance. then choosing Zoom → Go to Layer and selecting the map layer you just added.
In the Open dialog.allows the map to be saved to many common graphical formats for viewing outside Analyzer. select Tools → Preferences. Zoom to Map Scale . we will point Analyzer to a preformatted cellrefs file. on the File Location line.permits the user to display the map based on common map scales. check under Map Units → Distance.txt’ which has been installed in the following location: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs 4. Export Map . 2. From the main menu. One application of this would be to bring in raster maps of coverage predictions from a planning tool for visual inspection of predicted against measured coverage. Note: When you are finished panning and zooming. a formatted database must exist containing location and configuration data for each cell site. so if you are not sure what the current units setting is. This may be useful if it is desired to overlay printed maps from Analyzer over other maps or coverage predictions. Other Mapping Options Copy to Clipboard allows the current map to be pasted into other MS applications for reporting and presentation. 1. changing the unit type if appropriate. we will show you how to format your own data for recognition by Analyzer. Notice that the distance is displayed next to the cursor and is continuously updated as you drag. Click OK to close the Preferences dialog.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 17 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements. Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites in Analyzer.allows the importation of raster images for use as backdrops. New Raster . although it can have any name. and have the map showing the area you are interested in. For now. double-click on the name of the current cellrefs file. and then display the sites on the map. navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. Later in the course. In Analyzer. The units are not displayed. In class the file we will use is called ‘Training GSM Cellrefs. In the Change Preferences dialog. we refer to this file as the ‘cellrefs’ file. remember to return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button on the map toolbar. 3.point.
By default the cell sites are now visible: Figure 5 . in addition to BCCH. At this point. “sectors” are called “cells” based on the European terminology. select the site layer (named GSM_Site-Site_Name) 2. In the Layer Control dialog box. press the Labels button. enabling the display of Site Name or Site ID. choose File → New Workspace to create a new workspace.Map with Cell Sites Displayed Displaying Site Labels Labels may be displayed on the map to show identifying information for each cell site. there is no need to save the current workspace. or Beamwidth. Click OK to close the message box. Site labels are displayed independently of cell labels. Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog.5. then cell labeling: 1. In Analyzer. In the new workspace. Azimuth. A message box will be displayed saying that the new cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. From the Main Menu. 6. The following instructions specify first site labeling. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Analyzer loads cells upon opening Analyzer or starting a new workspace. click View →Display New Map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 18 .
Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. In the Layer Control dialog box. The Key Field label shows only the site ID. If you wish to change the font of the labels. BCCH is a popular labeling option. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 19 . use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. as it allows you to quickly identify the BCCH frequency on each sector.The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. 6. select the cell layer. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: o o o Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 11. In the Label Properties box. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. press the Labels button 10. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. format the Cell Labels: 8. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display.Click OK in the Label Properties dialog. 7. The Site Labels have been formatted. 5. Currently. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. which is named GSM_Cell-BCCH-Beamwidth 9. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. 12. Verify that each of the following options is checked: o o o Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4. 13. and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels. 14. Next.3.If you want to offset the label from the cell site symbol.If you want to change the font of the labels.In the Label Properties box. All GSM_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling. there are two label formats from which to choose: o o The Site_Name (default) shows only the site name. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog.
Details about that sector or site will appear in the Display Cell Data window. From the main menu.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 20 . From the main menu. To obtain more detailed information on each site or sector: 1. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 3.Formatted Cell and Site Labels Viewing Cell Site Information A cell’s Azimuth. select Window ? Tile Horizontally or Window ? Tile Vertically. Beamwidth and Sector ID can be obtained by running the mouse over a sector on the map. 2. select View ? Display Cell Data. 4. Click on a sector wedge or site dot on the map. Display site data of interest on the map.Figure 6 .
Display Cell Data Window Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 21 .Figure 7 .
Time binning combines data in the time domain using a user-specified duration for the bin. such as ServBSIC and ServBCCH. Location binning is analogous to overlaying a spatial grid on top of the data with a user-defined granularity. For network state parameters. For example measurement parameters. Use location binning when multiple drive test teams are collecting data in the same area and composite analysis using all the drives is required. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The aggregation method used to create one bin from many data points depends on the type of parameter. and location binning. Highlight the time field and set the Time to 1000 ms. such as dropped calls and handoffs. time binning. Events. This mode is commonly used for drive test analyses.Data Aggregation (Binning) Analyzer aggregates data into groups called bins in order to provide a reasonable number of data points from a computing and analysis perspective. and reports to Time based. Use distance binning when road conditions. 2. are binned by the number of events occurring within the component measurements. • • • 1. • Message binning places a user-specified number of messages into each bin for averaging. If you set the number of messages to average equal to 1. such as RxLev and RxQual. Analyzer has four modes for determining how to divide data into bins: message binning. are binned by averaging all component measurements into one data point. like traffic lights or congestion. Set the binning mode for maps. 3. In the Tools → Preferences dialog. click on the ‘+’ next to Binning to expand it. require multiple stops and data from the same area may be consolidated. Distance binning combines data into bins corresponding to the distance travelled by the test mobile.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 22 . a bin is given the most frequently occurring value in the component measurements. distance binning. Time binning of 1000 ms is the default binning in Analyzer. This can be used when examining several drive files crossing over the same geographic area. charts. each message is placed into its own bin thus the net result is no averaging of the data.
dt1 TEMS Investigation 1. then expand the GSM node and examine each data group and parameter. we will move on to some of the basic viewing options for drive test data.Expanded Workspace Showing Data Groups and Parameters Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. as shown in Figure 7. Expand the file tree in the workspace and select the NemoGSM (0) stream from the Nemo Drive Test 1 file. Load the following drive test files by selecting File → Open Logfile or by clicking the Open Logfile icon: . These files are located in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles directory: o o Nemo Drive Test 1.Viewing Data in Analyzer Loading Files Now that you are more familiar with the Analyzer environment. Figure 8 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 23 . 1. Expand the layers under the NemoGSM (0) stream. 3.log 2.
To see these data groups. Device Info – Information about the specifications of the mobile making the call. Downlink Measurements – Serving RxLev and RxQual measurements made by the mobile. Neighbor Cell Info – BCCH. all neighbor measurements are broken out by channel number. AMR Measurements – Call setup and inband signaling measurements extracted from AMR-enabled handsets are contained in this group.Upon loading a GSM data file. If an event is not present in the tree. and RxLev for each neighbor. BSIC. including throughput. Dedicated Radio Link – Once a call has been established. In addition. channel usage. parameters that are associated with the cell serving the call are contained here. Event Data – Call events triggered by Layer 3 messaging or registered by the drive test vendor’s equipment. and BSIC. open any log file contained in the training package. serving BCCH.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 24 . coding scheme. GPRS Measurements – Metrics associated with GPRS data calls. Target Cell Info – Information about the target cell for a handoff including BCCH and BSIC. which are also broken out by ARFCN. • • • • • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The following data groups are created under the GSM node: • • • • Statistics Data – Information about handover interval and duration Serving Cell Parameters – Information about the serving cell identity. TBF information and events can be found here. note that several data groups are created for each device contained in the file. Specific events registered by the T+M vendors’ hardware not derived from layer 3 messaging by Analyzer are included here. it did not occur in the file. Vendor Specific – Measurements that are specific to the particular collection device used.
TCP. PPP. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) serves primarily to provide some security to datagrams in the IP network. ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) supports error. • IP (Internet Protocol) provides a connectionless addressing scheme of packets. Application Statistics – This group contains the number of bytes transmitted by the data application. control and informational messages within the data network. Protocol Measurements – This group contains throughput values for each layer in the IP stack. or datagrams. Right-click on several of the parameters under each group and note that they can be displayed on tables. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) establishes a virtual connection between a source and a destination in a data network. and in workbooks. This group contains statistics for the IP. charts. • • • • • • • • • • Task Settings – This group contains task identifiers including Task_Id. Task Summary – This group contains application level parameters summarizing the entire task. Connection – This group contains details for data connections activated within the logfile. HTTP Statistics – This group contains metrics for any HTTP session within the logfile. maps. Ping Statistics – This group contains metrics for any ping session within the logfile. Under the Data Testing node.The Data Testing node in a GPRS or EDGE handset stream provides data parameters that are not specific to the air interface.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 25 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. the following groups may be found: • Application Measurements – Find instantaneous application layer throughput here. This is the value that most closely approximates the end user’s experience. Task_Name and Task_Key. ICMP and RLP2 layers. to be delivered in a packet-switched data network.
charts. and XK series scanner devices. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and workbooks like all regular drive test parameters. tables. Comarco baseline. This includes GPS information. This information can be displayed on maps.Viewing Scanner Data in Analyzer Analyzer supports the GSM scanners including the TEMS scanner. Independent Node Data in Analyzer The Independent data node in Analyzer includes measurements that are technology and T+M vendor independent.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 26 . Information for the site data node parameters will be generated if a valid cellrefs file is loaded in the Analyzer when a logfile is loaded. Site Data Node information and Message Type information.Scanner Stream Expanded to Show Its Contents Note that under the Scanner data group. Nemo Seegull. The site data node information appears in the workspace similar to the illustration below. The site data node contains information resulting from the integration of the cell plan information and drive test data. several groups have been created to help you easily drill down into the data. open logfile Grayson CW Scan.LOG and expand the stream Spectrum Tracker (0): Figure 9 . To better understand the Scanner data that is presented.
The same information as above for each neighbor position along the drive.Expanded Site Data Node in the Workspace The Site Data Node contains the parameters listed below: • • • • ServingCellDistance – The distance between each point on the drive and the current serving cellsite ServingCellLat – The latitude of the serving cellsite at each point along the drive route ServingCellLon – The longitude of the serving cellsite at each point along the drive route ServingCellID/SectorID – The alphanumeric identity from the cellrefs file of the serving site name and sector name. This data can be viewed on a table synchronized to a map to eliminate the need to look up channel/color code information to determine the serving cell at each point on the drive NeighborCellDistance/Lat/Long/CellID/SectorID .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 27 .Figure 10 . • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.
In the Workspace.The Favorites Group You may find that having access to all of the parameters within the log file in the Workspace is not necessary. click to select the ServRxLevSub parameter from the Downlink Measurements group. Favorites Tab Figure 11 . find ServBCCH and add it to Favorites. 1. You can easily move between All and Favorites as necessary. 3. Analyzer allows you to identify the subset of parameters you need quick access to and place them in the Favorites Group. find ServRxQualSub and add it to Favorites. then right-click on it and choose Add to Favorites from the pop-up menu.Workspace Showing the Favorites Parameters Displayed Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. In the workspace. This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the workspace. click on the Favorites tab view of the items you added is displayed. find CallDropped and HandoverOK and add them to Favorites. A tree 5. 2.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 28 . Under Serving Cell Parameters. Under Downlink Measurements. Under Events. . and that it may make finding key parameters more difficult. 4.
RxLevSub Displayed On a Map 2. o Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Notice that the legend appears to the left of the map. You can display each parameter on a separate map by rightclicking on the second parameter in the Workspace Browser and choosing Display on Map. First. Display the serving cell signal level for the handset stream NemoGSM (0) on the map from the file Nemo Drive Test 1. The count for each range is in parentheses to the right of the range. Figure 12 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 29 . you have two options: o You can add the second parameter to the same map as the first by clicking on the second parameter in the Workspace Browser and dragging it onto the original map. 1. Then right-click and select Display on Map. If you would like to display a second parameter.Viewing Data on Maps You can use Analyzer to create maps to display your data. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub.
To edit an existing range to match your network thresholds. 4. 3. select and type in the new maximum or minimum and click on the Update button to register the changes. Changes made to the ranges on the map legend will also be made to these other views. If at any time you want to back out of all of the changes you have made. type the maximum and minimum in the spaces provided and click on the Add button. click on the Cancel button.Modify Ranges Dialog For RxLevSub 2. Select the ServRxLevSub stream in the Map Legend window and right-click on it.Modifying Legend Ranges 1. 5. To add a new range. Delete ranges you don’t need by selecting them one at a time and pressing the Remove button. Note: The ranges set for the map are also used for grouping data for histograms in workbooks and the histogram tab on tables. Choose the Modify ranges option to change the number of legend ranges and some of the range boundaries.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 30 . Figure 13 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.
Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Your cursor will change from an arrow to a ‘+’. Select the ServRxQualSub layer and click on the Offset button. This file can be copied and shared with other members of your team. If you prefer. To use the Offset Tool to offset RxQual from RxLev. you will be presented with the Selected Legend box. To add the RxQual from the handset to the current map.6. you can use the Offset Tool instead of entering specific x and y offsets. After clicking OK. Your cursor will stay at ‘+’ and will now have a dotted line connecting it to the point you just clicked. The dotted line indicated by how much the ServRxQualSub layer will be shifted. a. You can use the Offset box to enter an amount to move the RxQual in the x and y directions. One file is created for each parameter range. The RxQual is drawn directly on top of the RxLev trail. The Map Offset Tool 1. 9. Modify the colors of each range to match your network schema from within the Modify Ranges dialog by selecting the range. c. on the map to open the layers 3. Click on the Layers button dialog. then click OK. click on the Layers button to get into the Layer Control Dialog. 8. click OK. 7. click OK. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. Note: These changes to the ranges are saved automatically. Drag the selected parameter onto the map. and picking a new color from the palette. type in a name for the new set of ranges. Click on the Offset Tool button. Click any where on the map. To accept the changes you have made to the legend settings. b.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 31 . To overwrite the existing default legend range settings with your new settings. 2. clicking on the Selected button in the Set Colors box. d. Click on a second point to complete the offset. These files are located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\FormatGroups\UserSettings. To keep your default legend range settings as they are and add your new legend settings as an alternate set of legend ranges.
then dragging one on top of the other in the legend. In the legend.4.1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 32 . drag the RxLev layer on top of the RxQual layer in the legend. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Display ServRxLevSub and ServRxQualSub on a map.1. 2. The points will be colored by RxLev with their size determined by RxQual. You can return a layer to its original position by manually setting the x and y offsets to zero or by clicking on the Reset button in the Map Offset Tool.1. This will replace the two data streams with one composite stream. Creating a Multi-Dimensional Map Stream You can create a two-dimensional map by dragging two parameters onto a map. Visibility Check Boxes RxQual Stream 1. 3. Close the current map. 1.Map of RxLev and RxQual Data 5.1 R Figure 14 . Turn layer visibility on and off by clicking the layer’s checkbox in the legend. The color of the points in the resulting stream will be determined by the value of the stream that was dragged and the size of the points is determined by the value of the other stream.1.
Figure 15 - Multi-Dimensional Map Trail
4. A third dimension can be added to the plot. You can set the symbol type to denote the value of the third parameter. 5. Drag the ServBCCH from the Serving Cell Parameters group onto the map. 6. In the legend, drag ServBCCH on top of the ServRxLev and ServRxQual multi-dimensional stream. Note that the new plot shows color corresponding to RxLev, symbol size based on RxQual and symbol type denoting serving BCCH. The legend information is automatically updated when multi-dimensional plots are created. 7. Remove the multi-dimensional layer through the Layers dialog by selecting it and clicking the Delete button. Note: Separate legend ranges exist for each parameter for the size, symbol, and color ranges. For example, you may choose to display ServRSSISub divided into five ranges when it is viewed by color, and only two ranges when viewing it by size.
Lines to Cells and Cell History
With a cell plan loaded, lines from each location on the drive route to their corresponding serving cell and neighbor cells will be drawn. Set the map cursor in the Select mode and click on any point on the drive route.
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Line to Serving Cell
Lines to Neighbor Cells
Figure 16 - Map Showing Lines to Cells
You can view the serving or neighbor cells for more than one point on the map by clicking on the Area Select button on the map toolbar and choosing one of the options now available on the toolbar, either Select Box, Select Radius, or Polygon Select. In addition to viewing serving and neighbor cells for an individual point data point or a subset of the data, a Cell History plot can be drawn. This plot shows the line to the serving cell for each point on the drive route. 1. To create this type of plot, click on the Layers button on the map toolbar. 2. Select the Lines to Serving Cells layer
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3. Click on the Lines button to access the dialog below:
Figure 17 - Line Layer Properties Dialog
4. Select the All datapoints option for the Lines draw mode. 5. For the Technology, choose GSM from the drop-down list. 6. For the Color lines with, choose ServBCCH. 7. For Label lines with, choose None.
Figure 18 - Map Showing Lines to Serving Cell For Each Point
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2.Label Properties Dialog Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 36 . and BCCH onto the map. All the options are controlled through the Label Properties dialog accessed from the Map Layers for the layer under observation. click on the Label button to see the dialog box below: Figure 19 . This can be used to display the serving cell number value or serving site identity name adjacent to the drive route. 1. With the BCCH layer selected. Move BCCH below the RxLev and RxQual layers in the Map Layer dialog. 3.Displaying Data Values as Text on Maps The values for one or more parameters can be displayed as text on the map. Drag RxLevSub. Move the RxLev layer between the RxQual and BCCH layers. RxQualSub. 4.
The settings on this dialog are as follows: Data Data Field – Select this option to display the parameter value next to the data point. Hide adjacent duplicate text – Controls whether each adjacent bin with the same data value has a label displayed.Text Style Box Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Formatted Field – Select this option to display the parameter name and value next to the data point. and text effects for the label text. background color. size. Figure 20 . Disable this feature for parameters like Serving Channel Number or Site ID where the point of interest is where a change occurred. Allow Overlapped Text – Use this option to draw all labels. Styles Label style – This button opens the Text Style box. From this box you can modify the font face. even if they overlap partially or fully. Display within range – Use this option for layers like maps or cell sites when you would like to see the values when zoomed in close to the area but the labels clutter then viewing area when zoomed farther out. Visibility Show – Controls whether or not the labels appear on the map.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 37 .
Data Field. For visibility. Center. choose this option to have the labels drawn in the direction of the line to cell. select the RxLev. Label X offset – Set the vertical distance from the label to its data point. For visibility. Alignment – Choose Left. For the ServBCCH layer. choose this option to have the labels drawn horizontally. set Label X offset to -10 and Label Y offset to 5. Vertical – Draws label from left to right. check Show and Allow overlapped text. Along the line – Used with Lines to Cells layers.Map with Labels Displayed and Formatted For RxLev and ServBCCH Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 38 . Horizontal – Rotates the label 90 degrees. or Right. 6. For the position. Figure 21 . 5. For the position. In the Layer Control dialog.Position Across the line – Used with Lines to Cells layers. set Label X offset to 10 and Label Y offset to -15. Label Y offset – Set the horizontal distance from the label to its data point. across the line to cell. check Show and Allow overlapped text. Select the Data Field option.
Map Scale and Coordinates Displayed Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. To show or hide the cursor coordinates. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Scale. In addition. Map Scale and Coordinates Figure 22 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 39 . right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Lat/Lon.Map Scale and Coordinates By default. • • To turn on or off the scale. the latitude and longitude coordinates of the cursor can be displayed. the map scale will appear in the lower left corner of the map window.
With the Nemo Drive Test 1 file open in the Workspace. expand Downlink Measurements and select ServRxLevSub. 1. 2. to view the data as a to return the chart to a time series 5. Select ServRxQual and drag and drop it onto the first chart to display both parameters on one chart.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 40 . Click on the Histogram button distribution. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.RxLev Displayed On a Chart 3. Your chart should look like this: Figure 23 . 4.Viewing Data on Charts Analyzer can create a variety of charts for the analysis and inspection of data. Click on the Series button chart. Right-click on ServRxLevSub and choose Display on Chart from the pop-up menu.
From the Neighbor Cell Info node. RxQual And Strongest Neighbor RxLev displayed On a Chart Note that RxQual appears on a separate axis from the RxLev values. 7. The events will appear on the chart as vertical lines. and drag and drop NborRxLev_0 onto the chart. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. When parameters are expressed in different units they will appear on separate y axes.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 41 . Your chart should look like the figure below.RxLev. Drag and drop a few events onto this chart.6. expand the NborRxLev node. Figure 24 . Multiple values can be dragged onto a single chart.
Drag and drop the dropped call event onto the chart you currently have open. 4. Many chart properties can be customized through the Properties dialog. On the Chart Series page. Reposition the Properties Dialog so that you can see the chart with the dialog open. click on Titles… to change one of the titles. 2. Figure 25 . the chart is automatically updated. 9. As you change the properties of the chart. Use the Axis dialog to increase the RxLev max value to -15 dBm. 3. Right-click on the chart and choose Chart Properties from the menu.You can zoom in on a section of interest. 8. Click and drag a rectangle from upper-left to lower-right on the chart around the second dropped call. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. You can return to the original view by clicking and dragging a rectangle from lowerright to upper-left. such as a dropped call.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 42 . by dragging a rectangle from upper-left to lower-right.Chart Zoomed In On a Dropped Call Modifying Chart Properties 1.
with the chart still open. create a map displaying the same data. 11. Still on the Chart Series page. labels.5. 9. Click to select data on either the map or the chart and notice that the views are synchronized. click the Select button to activate the selection cursor. 8. click Edit → Paste to paste your chart into that application. 7. and ticks.If you want to select a point on the map. On the Chart Legend page. use the up and down arrows to change the order in which the parameters are plotted. On the Chart Axis page. 6. 12. redefine the style for the axis.In Analyzer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 43 . modify the fonts and colors. 10. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Create a three-dimensional chart using the options on the Chart → 3D page. Click on the Copy icon to place a copy of your chart on the clipboard.In Word or PowerPoint.
Watch as the Messaging Window synchronizes to display the messaging information corresponding to the event you selected. 3. Figure 26 . Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. The browser also includes events derived from the Layer 3 messaging. Select a section of text in the Message Browser and click on the Copy icon. In the Search box. To open the browser right-click on the stream name NemoGSM (0) in the workspace and choose Display Message Browser from the pop-up menu. then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. Click on an event in the Event Panel.Messaging Displayed in the Message Browser 1. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 2.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 44 . and filtering operations on the data. type ‘drop’. searching.Viewing Data in the Message Browser Analyzer provides the Message Browser to allow you to analyze all the messaging seen from the phone.
click on the Message Format tab and modify the Font for the Message Browser. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. display a parameter. Open Word and click Edit → Paste to paste the text into the current document. such as ServRxLev or ServRxQual. 5. If you click to synch the message browser with an event. In the Properties dialog. Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser is a view that allows you to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. and GPRS RLC and MAC messages Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The following Protocol Stack Browser views are available for GSM and GPRS drive test data: • • • • • Layer 3 – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages and message direction Layer 3 Signaling – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages only All – Message pane displays all GSM Layer 3 and handset-specific messages GPRS Events – Message pane displays messages signifying GPRS events GPRS RLC / MAC – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3. In Analyzer. 6. Click on a point on the map or chart. As with the maps and charts. it will point to the message whose receipt triggers that event. and watch as the message browser scrolls to highlight the messaging corresponding to that point in time. Investigate the use of bookmarks by selecting a subset of messages and marking them with the Toggle button and then using the adjacent Next and Previous Toggle buttons to step through them. 7. on a map or chart. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 45 . and investigate the results of checking some of the options. click on the Properties button then on the Message Format tab.4. the message browser synchs with other Analyzer data views. To try this out.
3. Click on a message header from the series in the top portion of the Browser Window and notice the complete message displayed in the bottom pane for the message you selected.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 46 . such as ServRxLevSub on a map.GSM Layer 3 Protocol Stack Browser Open the Layer 3 Protocol Stack Browser view for the Nemo Drive Test 1 sample file: 1. Click on a point on the map and watch as the Protocol Stack Browser scrolls to highlight the message in the top pane and display the complete message contents in the bottom pane. 2. type ‘CC Release’. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. the Protocol Stack Browser synchronizes with other data views. To try this out. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. Right-click on the NemoGSM (0) stream in the workspace and choose Protocol Stack Browser ? Layer 3 from the pop-up menu. 4. display a parameter. In the Search box. As with the maps and charts. then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. Select the All Rows button at the top of the Protocol Stack Browser to view all messages including Layer 3 and handset-specific messages.Figure 27 .
Viewing Data in Tables Tables provide a quick and simple view of numeric data for a selected attribute. Click on the dropped calls to synch the map with the table. Add RxLev to the table by right-clicking on the RxLevSub parameter in the workspace and dragging it onto the table. To do this. 4. and the time series data for the parameter displayed the a table. Display ServRxQualSub from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset on a table. select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. such as mean.RxQual Series Data Displayed in a Table 2. Click on the Statistics tab to view the automatically calculated statistics. Tabs for View Options Figure 28 . The ranges on the Histogram tab are determined by the ranges set in the map legend. 3. 5.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 47 . You can look at statistics. Display the dropped call event on a map. and maximum. then right-click and select Display on Table. minimum. Click on the Histogram tab to see the ranges and their counts. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. histogram distribution information. 1.
3. produce reports.Viewing Data on Workbooks The Workbook feature allows you to manipulate data within a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet environment.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 48 . Figure 29 . 1. If you are looking to save your results or do more comprehensive formatting. and save and share your work. then right-click and select Display on Workbook. latitude. Select Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub. provided that you have Excel installed on your computer. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click on the Statistics tab to see the automatically calculated statistics. you may find Analyzer’s table feature easier to use. If you just want to browse numerical data.RxQual Displayed in a Workbook 2. and longitude. a workbook is the best choice. Notice the series data being displayed in Excel with time. Click on the Histogram tab to view the ranges and counts. You can display the data in charts.
4. Making sure that the NemoGSM (0) stream is selected in the replay tool. To access the replay tool. The table has also updated by highlighting the relevant data. whether or not you have a parameter from the stream displayed.The Replay Tool The replay tool allows you to sequentially view data points in the files you are analyzing. map. 3. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.The Replay Tool Progress Bar 5.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 49 . you can move forward or backward. then drag the dropped call event onto the same map. Step Backward Step Forward Play Forward Stream Selection Play Backward Play Speed Figure 30 . 2. The stream selection box allows you to choose which stream to watch. select Tools → Display Replay. RxQual. Resembling the controls of a VCR. 1. Experiment with the remaining buttons to see how they interact with the rest of the views. Use the Window menu to tile the map and table horizontally. You can move through data displayed on a chart. near the beginning of the drive. Click on the Step Forward button to move to the next point on the drive. 6. It will display all open logfiles. Display the dropped call. and ServBCCH on a table. 8. Display RxLev from NemoGSM (0) on a map. automatically or manually advancing through the data. RxLev. 7. or table. Notice that the selection box on the map moves to the next data point in the drive. select a point on the map.
you can quickly ascertain the values of several optimization parameters for problem identification. The preconfigured forms available for GSM drive test data are: • • • • • • • • GSM Call Events GSM Current Channel GSM CW Scan GSM Event Navigator GSM Neighbour Chart GSM RxLev Measurement Chart GSM Scan Chart GSM Serving + Neighbours Figure 31 . Used in conjunction with the replay tool.Viewing Data on State Forms Actix State Forms allow you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 50 . and charts. Using Preconfigured StateForms A number of preconfigured GSM StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. maps. tables.GSM Current Channel Form Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.
If you are not seeing information in the forms. Use the drop-down list to select the stream you wish to view data for. make sure that the form that you have selected applies to the type of data you want to analyze. Forms can also be selected from the View ? Forms option on the main menu. If the Stream Selector is not visible. verify that the right data stream is selected. The Stream Selector drop-down will appear.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 51 . when selecting a form. 2. In general. right-click on the form and select Stream Selector. 3. For example.The preconfigured forms available for GPRS drive test data are: • • • • • GPRS Data Session GPRS Data Timeslots GPRS Event Navigator GPRS Throughput (DL) GPRS Throughput (UL) Figure 32 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. do not select the GSM CW Scan chart for a logfile containing handset data.GPRS Throughput Chart View the GSM Current Channel form for the Nemo Drive Test 1 sample file: 1. Right-click on the stream name NemoGSM(0) in the workspace and choose Display Form ? GSM Current Channel.
Select GSM Current Channel Form 4. Forms with measurement views like the GSM Current Channel form or the GSM Call Events form may be best viewed when docked with the replay tool at the side of the screen as seen in the figure below.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 52 .Figure 33 . Figure 34 .GSM Current Channel Form Docked in Workspace Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.
you can adjust the top and right-hand borders to allow for more viewing space in the platform. Once docked like in the view above. To dock a form at the bottom of the workspace. and the creation of new forms from scratch using the State Forms Editor. you can adjust the top border to allow for more viewing space in the platform. To dock a form on the left side of the workspace.GSM Event Navigator Form Docked in Workspace 7. drag over the bottom section of the Workspace Browser. The following sections describe the modification of existing forms. Click the gray horizontal line at the top of the form. Figure 35 . bring up the form and click the docking button (to the left of the minimize button). Forms with chart views like the GSM Handoff Event Navigator or the GSM RxLev Measurement Chart may be best viewed when docked at the bottom of the screen as shown below. bring up the form and use the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) to dock it next the Workspace Browser.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 53 . and release. Once docked like in the view above. 6. Then. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.5. making sure that the right border of the form does not stretch past the midpoint of the entire Analyzer viewing platform. drag the thin gray line of the form to the bottom right side of the screen so that it is completely on the left half of the viewing platform. Preconfigured forms can be edited to meet your individual analysis needs.
axl. The stream selection box will appear. chart. Select any point on a map. Browse to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\State Forms directory and open the file called gsm handset. 3. Note: If the stream selection box is not visible. Note: If the generic GSM handset form does not launch. make sure the appropriate stream is selected in the StateForms stream selection box. The selected stream must correspond to data currently displayed on another Analyzer view (map. with the Nemo Drive Test 1. right-click on the blank StateForms box and select Open File. Once loaded. select the NemoGSM(0) stream. chart.Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor The StateForms Editor allows you to view custom forms.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 54 . The components of the StateForms Editor window are shown in the figure below. In this case. modify existing forms. right-click on the StateForms box and select Stream Selector. From the Tools menu. 2. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. or table and notice that the contents of the form will update to reflect the state of the network at the point you selected. In this case. select StateForms Editor. and build new forms from scratch. table or message browser).dt1 file open. display ServRxLevSub on a table. 4. Stream Selection Box Bar StateForms File Options Toolbar Parameter Values Figure 36 .The StateForms Editor 1.
Modifying an Existing StateForms File You can use an existing StateForms file as it is. 3. Click Open File and choose the gsm handset. Cut – Removes an object from the form and puts it on the clipboard. or you can make modifications to it. Toggle Design Mode. right-click on the form area and choose Show Stream Selector.StateForms Window in Design Mode The buttons on the StateForms toolbar are. The StateForms window now shows the design view: The attribute window will be displayed. To modify the StateForms display: 1. but that you are also interested in the timing advance. click Tools StateForms Editor. Array Attribute Value. If you do not already have the StateForms file displayed. Select. Copy. from left to right. Suppose the GSM handset file has almost everything you would like to see. showing all of the attributes that can be set for the selected object and the Design Mode toolbar will be displayed. Line Chart. on the StateForms File 2.axw file. Cut. StateForms Design ToolBar Attribute Window Figure 37 . Copy – Copies an object to the clipboard. Paste. Delete – Removes an object from the form. Scan Chart. Note: If the File Options Toolbar is not visible. and Group Box. showing all of the types of objects that can be added to a form along the options for manipulating objects already on the form. Attribute Value. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Label. Using the delete key on your keyboard will not work. Delete. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button Options Toolbar.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 55 .
Hold down the CTRL key and select the RxLev and RxQual meters. Label – Click and drag a rectangle. expression values can be shown. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. In addition to being able to display parameter values. Click and drag the rectangle where you would like the label to appear. select a parameter that is collected as an array. 1. with serving cell distance displayed in miles instead of meters. One or more parameters can be displayed on a line chart to see how the values vary across the drive. Time Chart – Click and drag to define the chart area. With these items selected. such as Neighbor Cell Info → NborRxLev. Toggle Design Mode – To exit the design mode and return to the view mode. then type your text into the Caption field in the attribute window. Attribute Value – Click and drag a rectangle then choose an attribute from the list. specify the number of rows and columns your table will have. Add the ‘Timing Advance’ label by clicking on the Label button. On the GSM handset form currently open.Paste – Places a copy of the object on the clipboard on the upper-left corner of the form. click the Toggle Design Mode button. as well as the labels for those meters. In the attribute window.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 56 . This type of chart is used to display information like signal levels from neighbor or scanner information in bar chart form. Scan Chart – Click and drag to define the chart area. we will add timing advance and serving cell distance. Array Attribute Value – Click and drag to define a table. click the Delete button. The attribute value can be displayed as a text value or on a scale bar. 3. Select – To put the cursor into select mode to allow you to select an object on the form. For the attribute corresponding to this table. 2. Group Box – Used to visually group attributes on your form that belong together. click and drag to define a rectangle. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button to open the StateForms file in design mode if you are not in design mode already.
To create the timing advance attribute. Use the Attribute Picker to select GSM → Dedicated Radio Link → ServTimingAdvanceActual. click the Attribute Value button and drag a rectangle to the right of the timing advance label object. 10. choose False. If all of the text does not fit in the label. 18.For the Expr. 6. 15. expand the label object by dragging a corner handle.For the Bar Color. For Auto Size Font.For Use Value to Color. Select the timing advance attribute object and click on the box next to the Attribute field in the Attribute Window. choose the same color as the background of your form.344’.Click on the Toggle Design Mode button to return to the View Mode. 17. choose 0) None. 8. 13.For the Expression. For Use Value to Color.For Font Auto Size. 5.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 57 . enter 2.4. 14. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 11. create a label whose caption is ‘Serving Cell Distance’. For the Bar Color. Note that pasted objects always appear in the upper-left corner of the form. choose False. Decimals. choose 0) None. 7. 16. Select the label object. 9. choose the same color as the background of your form. enter ‘ServingCellDistance/1609. and modify the Caption in the Attribute Window to read ‘Timing Advance’. You can do this by creating a label from scratch or by copying and pasting an existing label. Notice that the State Form now incorporates the changes that have been made. choose False.To add the information about serving cell distance.For Font Auto Size. 12.Click on the Save button to save the changes you have made.
To start a new StateForms file. or modify an existing form to better meet your needs. To begin adding objects to the StateForms sheet. You can also design your own forms from scratch. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. We will create a new file for this example. click Tools → StateForms Editor.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 58 . 2. 3. Our form will look like this: Figure 39 .New StateForms File 1.New Timing Advance and Serving Cell Distance Parameters Figure 38 .StateForm Modified to Include Timing Advance Parameter Creating Your Own StateForms File Several sample StateForms are provided by Actix. If you do not have the StateForms window open. You can start a new StateForms file or you can add a sheet to an existing file. click the New File button . click the Toggle Design Mode button to open the sheet in Design Mode.
To create the Attribute Bar for RxLev. 10. setting the caption to ‘RxQual’.Select the RxQual Attribute Bar object and make the following changes in the Attribute Window: o Specify Min+Max: True Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Click and drag the rectangle. click the Attribute Value button and drag a rectangle to the right of the RxLev label object. Select the label object and make these modifications in Attribute Window: o o o Caption: RxLev Autosize Font: False Font Height: 10 6.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 59 . Select the RxLev Attribute Value object and make the following modifications in Attribute Window: o o o o o o o o o o o o Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Max: -50 Bar Range Min: -100 Bar Color: Use the pallet to pick blue Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Use Value to Color: 3) Value Bar Attribute: GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 10 Extent Right: True Extent Bottom: True 9.4. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for the RxQual label. click the Attribute Bar button and drag a rectangle to the right of the RxQual Attribute object. 7. 5. 8. Add the RxLev label by clicking the Label button. For the RxQual attribute value.
15. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.axl.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 60 . 12. 14.Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the State Forms directory and call it Training StateForms.Select the Group Box object and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: o o o o o o Caption: Network Parameters Text Color: Use the pallet to select dark blue Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 12 Font Use Default: False Font Bold: True 13.o o o o o o o o o o o Bar Range Max: 7 Bar Range Min: 0 Bar Color: Use the pallet to pick purple Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Use Value to Color: 3) Value Bar Attribute: GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub Font Auto Size: False Font Height: 10 Extent Right: True Extent Bottom: True 11.Test your new StateForms file by displaying a parameter from the NemoGSM(0) stream on a map.Return to the View Mode by clicking the Toggle Design View button. click the Group Box button and click and drag a rectangle around the other objects on the form. selecting that stream in the StateForms window.To add the Group Box object. then selecting a point on the map.
Uplink Data Analysis Uplink data is as important as downlink data to the overall heath of a wireless network. without the benefit of associated GPS data. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Notice that the file includes downlink and uplink parameter values. and allows the engineer to obtain a picture of the uplink performance of the network.txt 2. you will look for uplink problems on the sample network using call trace and drive test data. Simply use the Open Logfile button and browse to find the files of interest. This procedure allows the display of uplink data on a map. 1. Exploring Call Trace Data Call trace data may be opened in Analyzer using the same method as opening drive test files. workbook. but does not contain location data for each parameter. it is not possible to view uplink parameters such as Uplink RxLev and Uplink RxQual on a map. chart. or message browser. there is no way to know where in the network these areas are located. Expand the Ericsson MTR 1 data file and explore the contents. Call trace data by itself may be displayed on an Analyzer table. When merged with drive test data collected at the same time as the call trace.txt Ericsson MTR 2.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 61 . Analyzer supports GSM call trace data from most major base station equipment vendors. Because uplink data is collected at the base station. 3. Load the following call trace files into the Analyzer workspace. Display a parameter on a table. Display the parameter ULRxQualFull from the Uplink Measurements group on a chart. In this section. o o Ericsson MTR 1. Though it is easy to see when the areas of poor uplink RxQual occurred. The logfiles can be found in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles folder. GPS coordinates contained in the drive test file are associated to data points from the call trace.
dt1 Call trace: Ericsson MTR 1. 9. as long as the base station and drive test equipment times are synchronized. 1. Used throughout Analyzer. the parameter that you associate with a stream of one type (i. Load the drive test and the switch data files from the CD into the Workspace: o o Drive test: Nemo Drive Test 1. only streams with check marks will be merged into the resulting superstream. However. The functionality supports a collection method where drive test and switch data are collected simultaneously on a cluster of cells of interest.DT1. .e. The process is called superstreaming. Click OK to create the superstream. Select Correlated Parameters as the merge method. Use the attribute picker to select GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub as the correlating parameter for the Ericsson file. In the SuperStreaming dialog. This allows you to plot uplink information on a map. 8. 4. Files may also be merged on time. Note: In the Superstreaming dialog box. check the Nemo Drive Test 1 (drive test) and Ericsson MTR 1 (switch file) streams. 5.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 62 .Superstreaming Call Trace and Drive Test Data Analyzer allows you to synchronize data from the different data sources it supports. Change the name of the superstream from the default of SuperStream001 to Uplink and Downlink Data. In this example. . Use the attribute picker next to Correlated Parameters to select GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxQualSub as the correlating parameter for the Nemo file.TXT) will appear in the Attribute column for all streams of that type. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select Tools → Create Superstream. Click the Settings button to display the Merge Method options. Highlight the Nemo Drive Test 1 stream. a parameter common to the drive test and call trace files is specified in order to merge on. 6. It aligns the information in the files based on a parameter that was collected by both the drive test and switch trace devices. The attribute picker is the button with the right-arrow icon . an attribute picker allows you to select the Analyzer parameter of interest without the risk of mistyping the parameter name. or to plot the difference between uplink and downlink parameters on a map. 7. Highlight the Ericsson MTR 1 stream.txt 2. 3.
10.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 63 .When Analyzer has finished creating the superstream. Notice how easy it is to locate areas containing poor uplink quality! These trouble spots are caused by the phone’s inability to communicate back to the base station. 11. and may be attributed to a mobile failing to increase its transmit power when required or to excessive path loss between the phone and the base station. message browser. You can perform analyses on the Superstream using the map. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. chart. and table features discussed earlier.Display ULRxQualSub from the Uplink Measurements group of the newly created superstream on the map. it will appear in the Workspace: .
Click OK in the SuperStreaming dialog to create the superstream merged using timestamps. message browser. Name the superstream Merged Handset Data. it will appear in the Workspace: . Ensure that the following files are loaded in the Analyzer workspace: o o o Network Drive 1. In the SuperStreaming dialog. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.dt1 Network Drive 2. To create a superstream containing several drive test files: 1. Superstreams may be saved in workspaces. You can perform analyses on the superstream using the map.e. Network Drive 2. chart. Select Tools → Create Superstream. and Network Drive 3 streams. as long as all component files are saved in the same workspace. Superstreaming multiple drive test files is desirable when you require one-click functionality for displaying the same parameter from multiple streams on any Analyzer view. Use Timestamps is the default Merge Method. When Analyzer has finished creating the superstream. and query features discussed earlier. or when aggregate statistics on multiple drives are required. 3. 4. check the Network Drive 1. 5.dt1 2. drive test or call trace).Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace Analyzer’s superstream mechanism may be used to merge multiple files collected on the same link (i. Superstreaming creates a pointer to files already open in the workspace and does not create any new files.dt1 Network Drive 3.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 64 .
The Network Image
Frequently, optimization engineers are asked to provide a complete network overview for management, customer service, and planning purposes. A complete network drive may consist of a large number of data files from different sources, that when combined include a very large amount of data. All of the parameters, messaging, and other information available from a logfile may be helpful when performing an in-depth analysis, but when you are interested only in general information about the state of your network, this information may not be worth the time required to load and manipulate it. Actix Analyzer allows you to create a composite database consisting of multiple drives that is much smaller than the sum of the individual drive files. This is accomplished in Analyzer using the Network Image feature. Network Images extract the most commonly used network parameters and store them in an external file (*.dat). This is useful when you are performing a system-wide analysis or benchmarking activity. Because only key parameters are saved into the Network Image file, this file is much smaller than the sum of its component files. A network image populated with data is saved as a separate, smaller file from the original logfile. The original logfile is not altered in the creation of a network image repository. The data contained in a network image file differs from normal logfiles, in that the image file contains only the parameters specified and is binned according to the image definition. Network image files are pre-configured by Actix. Please contact Actix technical support for any specific requests for network image templates.
Create a New Network Image
Assume you were asked to combine four logfiles representing a day’s worth of driving by four different engineers. We will create a network image to consolidate the data into one reasonably sized file: 1. Create a network image by selecting Network Image → Create Network Image from the main Analyzer menu. 2. For the name, enter ‘Network Drive’. 3. Select the GSM → Handset → Location Binned (3 sec) Image, then click OK. This will create a network image of the data sets that is binned based on location with a grid size of three arc seconds.
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Figure 40 - Creating a Network Image
4. In the Save dialog, save the file under C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\NetworkImageDefns. Your workspace will update after creating the network image. Browse the workspace and investigate the new template called Network Drive. This template is currently an empty shell that will be populated with data extracted from logfiles.
Figure 41 - Workspace Showing the Network Image
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Batch Load Files Into the Network Image
The Network Image that you just created is nothing more than an empty directory structure. You must now add data from log files into this structure. Files do not need to be open in the workspace in order to be added to the Network Image. 1. To load files into the network image, right-click on the Network Drive network image in the workspace and select Batch Load Files. 2. In the resulting dialog, select the following files located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Data Files\ (Note: Unlike with the superstream, these files DO NOT need to be open in the workspace). • • Network Drive 1.dt1 Network Drive 3.dt1 • • Network Drive 2.dt1 Network Drive 4.dt1
3. Click Open to begin processing the files. 4. A Load Results report, like the one shown below, will appear once processing is complete. Select OK to close the report.
Figure 42 - Analyzer Dialog Showing That File Processing is Complete
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Display Data for the Entire Network Many logfiles contain data for more than one device. Network image templates. Using standard Analyzer actions. display some parameters on charts. and Tables. Neighbor Cell Info. 3. maps. Notice that key optimization parameters in the Serving Cell Parameters. each of the files added to this particular network image were collected using only one handset. browse and select Network Drive. can accommodate multiple data streams collected under a single logfile. Attach the previously created network image by selecting Network Image → Attach Network Image. Dedicated Radio Link. Expand the Network Drive. Display some parameters on Charts. Create a new workspace by selecting File → New Workspace from the main Analyzer toolbar. 2. 1. The handset was attached to Slot 0 of the device. using the templates supplied with your Analyzer installation. 2. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. However. Expand the Network Drive. and Event Data groups are included in the network image. In the resulting dialog. Notice how quickly the network image attaches! 5. Note that you can process scanner and handset data into a single network image or create a separate network image for scanner data. such as the location binned template used in this example. Key optimization parameters from three separate files have been combined into a single.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 68 . and tables. Start a New Day – Attaching a Network Image Saving multiple files into one Network Image will allow a significantly faster load time than when loading each file individually. smaller file that loads into Analyzer much faster than the original files. Downlink Measurements. so you will find all data in the populated network image under a stream called Network Drive. The workspace will update to reflect the change. Maps. 4. 1. Demonstrate the faster load time by starting a new workspace and attaching the network image. Select Open to attach to the network image.
All queries created during training may be stored in the same file. Your customized analysis. In Analyzer. called a query. Analyzer supports six types of query and filter analyses: • • • • • • Filter Analysis Binned Query Analysis Crosstab Query Analysis Statistic Analysis Histogram Analysis Event Query Analysis Analyzer includes the ability to use queries to assist in the detection. Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters from one or more data streams.aqf file Training_Class_Queries. and presentation of network problems. These analyses can be saved in individual files or into a single file. select the Existing Analysis tab Select any queries to save and click the Export button Browse to a folder that you wish to save your query in. You can save any or all of the analyses you create to use later and share with coworkers. All custom analyses can be saved for future use through the Analysis Manager: • • • • Select Tools → Analysis Manager In the Analysis Manager. accessed. You may want to highlight potential problem areas. • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Analyzer’s default structure provides the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Queries folder for an easy place to store queries. and edited in the Workspace through the Analysis Manager. Name the *. The queries can be created.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 69 . files of analyses have the AQF extension.Analyzer Queries and Filters You can create customized analyses within the Analyzer. can be saved in a Workspace and reused for future drive data. correction. or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality for the purpose of speeding up the analysis of data. Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define.
2. Click OK to create the filter. Access the attribute picker by selecting the right arrow icon 5. Follow the steps to create a new filter: 1. enter ‘4’. For the Filter Name. display ServRxQualSub on a map. 3.aqf query file. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. enter ‘PoorRxQual’. Figure 43 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 70 . Right-click on the Nemo Drive Test 1 data stream and select Filter → Create a New Filter. choose the ServRxQualSub from the attribute picker. For the expression. A filter analysis tests data on a single criterion and passes the data if the criterion is met. go to the Existing Analysis tab of the Analysis Manager and select the Import button. 4.• To import the queries into a new Analyzer session. From the Nemo Drive Test 1 data stream. . Filter Analysis You can create a filter that highlights those points that have RxQual greater than or equal to 4 to identify all the locations on the drive with poor quality of service. Analyzer will automatically apply the filter to any information already displayed in the workspace. 6. For the Threshold. choose >=. Open the saved *. For the operation.Filter Wizard 7.
11.aqf. 9.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 71 . 10. Assume that good signal strength is indicated by ServRxLevSub greater than or equal to –90 dB.To remove a filter.Save the query to a file called Training_Class_Queries.To edit a query once it is created. not just RxQual. Highlight the analysis (or analyses) you wish to save and press the Export button. Highlight the analysis you wish to edit and press the Edit button. and select the Existing Analyses tab. Repeat the exercise above to create a filter for good signal strength.Good RxLev Filter Wizard Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.aqf extension. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. The Filter dialog should look like this: Figure 44 . Browse to a folder you wish to save your query in and click Save. Add the ServRxLev and ServBCCH parameters to the map. The filter should be under the Filters category. Note that the same filter will work on any GSM handset file that contains the ServRxQualSub parameter. 12. All query fields will be available for editing. and select the Existing Analyses tab.8. is filtered. select the stream in the workspace. select Tools → Analysis Manager. Note that the data for all parameters. Confirm that the query was created by going to Tools → Analysis Manager and clicking on the Existing Analyses tab. The points you see now are the values of RxLev and BCCH when RxQual was greater than or equal to 4. and uncheck the tick mark against the filter. All of the selected queries will be saved to a single file with a *. right-click on it.
Investigate the AND and OR operators when using these two filters. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.BCCH Filtered for Poor RxQual and Good RxLev You can also use the filter function to determine which locations are being served by distant cells. What is indicated by good signal strength and poor call quality? The following figure shows the BCCH parameter from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream with both the Poor RxQual and the Good RxLev filters applied.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 72 . Figure 45 . We will use a threshold of 6000 meters for this filter.
Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The Filter Wizard screen should look like this: Figure 46 . You can zoom in on these points.Filter Wizard For Creating the Distant Server Analysis You can apply this filter to the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset and display ServRxLevSub on a map. That map would look like this: Figure 47 . then use the Select cursor to show the lines to cells for each point.aqf file.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 73 . There are only a few points served by distant sectors.The parameter we are interested in for this analysis is Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellDistance.Distant Server Filter Results With Lines To Cells Displayed Save all of the filters you have created to the Training_Class_Queries.
The results of a binned query can be displayed on a map. Create the ServingCellDistance in Miles query using the Analysis Manager: 1. enter ‘ServingCellDistance in Miles’. find the serving cell distance under Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellDistance and double-click on it to add it to the expression. table. A simple. 5. or workbook. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. Analyzer displays the serving cell distance in meters.Creating the ServingCellDistance in Miles Query 4. Set the Format to Float. chart. 2. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. ServingCellDistance in Miles By default. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder.344’. type in ‘/1609.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 74 . The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Float in the window. 6. In the parameters box. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. For the Description. using functions and inequalities. 3.Binned Query / Custom Analysis Query The Binned Query allows you to define a new parameter based on existing parameters. yet very useful example of a binned query is the conversion of the serving cell distance from meters to miles. Figure 48 .
and the condition is known as a “dragging handover”. Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. When the neighbor is significantly stronger than the server. Dragging Handover Query Occasionally in a GSM network. 10.7. For the Description.Binned Query Wizard Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The query will appear in the Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. 8. Create the Dragging Handovers ? query to detect locations that are suffering from the dragging handoff condition.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 75 . Select Tools → Analysis Manager. enter ‘Dragging Handovers?’. Click OK to create the query. Figure 49 . handovers do not occur as quickly as they should. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. expand the Queries → Binned Queries group. 9. the handover should have taken place. Under the handset stream. This condition occurs in locations where the strongest neighbor is seen at a level that at least 6-8 dBm stronger than the server. and can result in interference and poor perceived call quality when frequency reuse plans get tight. 3. This condition may be indicative of a sector that propagates outside of its intended footprint. 2. Create this query using the Analysis Manager: 1.Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. The query will detect locations where the strongest neighbor is at least 8 dBm stronger than the server.
Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Boolean in the window. 6.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 76 . This function will parse an array and select the largest value in it. type in ‘-8)>’. type ‘(‘. 10. Set the Format to Boolean. In the Parameters pane select GSM → Neighbor Cell Info → NborRxLev and double-click on it to add it to the expression. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder.We will create a custom parameter that identifies locations where the RxLev for any neighbor is more than 8 dB greater than the RxLev of the serving sector. 4. 3. The Expression is: (array_max(NborRxLev)-8)>ServRxLevSub 1. 5. Figure 50 . Click OK to create the query. 2. In the attribute pane. The query will appear in a new Queries group under every data stream in the workspace.Right-click on the Dragging Handovers ? query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. 8. expand the Queries → Binned Queries group. Under the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream. In the Expression Builder. double-click on the array_max function. From the available functions.Results of the Dragging Handovers Query Displayed On a Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 7. 9. go to GSM → Downlink Measurements → ServRxLevSub and double-click to add it to the expression. Click to select the <<attribute>> placeholder in the Expression Builder.
Figure 51 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 77 . Refer to the StateForms section for instructions on using Analyzer StateForms. but this data is not useful unless you know which frequencies are causing the problem. Synchronize the GSM Neighbors state form with the map to investigate some of the areas suffering from dragging handovers. Once the problem BCCHs are identified. you can perform adjustments to the network to resolve the problems.GSM Neighbors StateForms Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. A custom state form may be used in conjunction with the query results in order determine the why handovers are dragging.Determining the locations of dragging handovers in the network may be interesting.
and number of dropped calls as the statistics to display for each group. 2. 3. Name the query “Sort by Site and Sector”. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. 4. and the mean ServRxLevSub. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select. it will look like this: Figure 52 . Use the attribute chooser to select Independent → Site Data Node → Analyzer Training Course • 78 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and a query can contain several options for grouping data. This example will have the Serving Site and Serving Sector as the grouping options. mean ServRxQualSub.Crosstab Query – Sort by Site and Sector The crosstab query is used to group data and display statistics for each group. When the query is completed and the results are displayed on the statistics explorer. The groups can be sorted.3 • Edition B . Click on the New Dimension button. Select the Crosstab Query icon and click on New.Results of Crosstab Query on the Statistics Explorer To create the crosstab query: 1.
12. Enter the Statistic name. 5. All of these statistics will be available for the complete drive. The query statistics are the results that you would like to include for each dimension. Select the method to use to calculate the statistic.ServingCellID to add the serving site as the first dimension. 9.aqf file. 7. Click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic Window. and the number of dropped calls. Specific parameters relating to each statistic are included in the table below. The statistics that we will include in this query are the mean ServRxLevSub. Use the attribute chooser to select the statistic of interest. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. 6. in your Training_Class_Queries.Once completed.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 79 . 10. 8. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. Statistic Name Mean ServRxLevSub Mean ServRxQualSub # Dropped Calls Expression ServRxLevSub ServRxQualSub EventCallDropped Method of Calculation Mean Mean Count 11. for each serving site and sector.Click OK when finished with the Statistic Window.Be sure to save the Sort by Site and Sector crosstab query. the mean ServRxQualSub. The parameters that you choose will be displayed as the columns in the statistics explorer. Use the attribute chooser again to select Independent → Site Data Node → ServingSectorID to add the serving sector as the second dimension. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.
3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 80 . the crosstab query results can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace. Display the EventCallDropped event on the same map. View ServRxLevSub from the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream on a map. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 1.Figure 53 . such as Site 95. Run the crosstab query on the Nemo Drive Test 1 handset stream. sorted by serving channel and color code. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. In this case. it may be useful to view data for only one serving site. and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer. Filter the Crosstab Query Results The Filter button on the Statistics Explorer may be used to quickly filter query results in the Stats Explorer and in any other Analyzer view.Specifying the Dimensions and Statistics for the Crosstab Query Display the Crosstab Query Results Once created.
use the attribute picker Event Data → EventCallDropped. click the Filter button again.Dropped Call Window The Event Query allows you to extract key performance statistics for a user-defined time or message window before or after a defined event like a handover failure or dropped call. In the Statistics Explorer.2. press the Filter button in the Statistics Explorer. With the row for Site 95 selected. Tile the map and the Statistics Explorer vertically in the workspace by selecting Window → Tile Vertically. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. The filter will be unapplied from both the map and the Statistics Explorer. Event Query . Viewing the window surrounding an event can provide insight into whether a pattern exists among undesirable events. 3. Select the Event Query icon in the dialog and click on New. 5. For the Trigger Selection. Notice that only data points served by this site remain in the Statistics Explorer and on the map. such as multiple handover failures or drops on the same cell. select the row for Site 95. To remove filtering. to select GSM → 3. The parameter will show up in the triggering window.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 81 . or multiple drops due to low coverage. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. We will create an Event Query to return statistics in a five-second window for each dropped call in the file 1. 2. 4.
For the name of the query.Setting Up the Event Query 4. 5.000 milliseconds before the event and 0 milliseconds after the event. enter ‘Dropped Call Window’. choose Time Based and set the window to 5. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 82 . For the Window Range.Figure 54 . Click Next. 6.
3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 83 .Choose a Calculation Method for Each Event Query Statistic Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 8. To define a statistic to be displayed in the event window. For the name. Figure 56 . click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic window. and Statistics For the Query 7. enter ‘Site ID’. Dimensions.Figure 55 .Defining the Name.
Double-click on the ServingCellId parameter to insert it into the expression. In the Parameters area of the Expression Builder. Choose the Edit button below the line that reads “Enter the expression that should be calculated in your statistic:”. Click OK when finished with the Statistic window. select Last Value. 10.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 84 .Click OK to exit the Expression Builder. Inside the top portion of the window.Expression Builder for the Event Query 13.In the Statistic window.9.The Expression Builder will launch. In this case. 11. 12. select the method to calculate the statistic.Click inside the parentheses of the State() function. This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists.Repeat steps 7 through 13 above to define the following statistics (choose an appropriate name for each one). type State(). expand the Independent → Site Data Node tree. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Figure 57 . The statistics that do not require the use of the State() function can be picked using the Attribute Chooser instead of the Expression Builder. 14.
Once completed. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. sorted by the time of the event (in milliseconds). Displaying Event Queries Once created. Run the event query on the Nemo Drive Test 1. How many dropped calls occurred in this file? What appears to be the primary reason for the dropped call(s)? Figure 58 .dt1 handset stream.Displaying the Results Of the Event Query Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed.Expression State(ServingSectorID) State(ServBCCH) State(ServBSIC) ServRXLev ServRxQual State(NborBCCH) NborRxLev Method to Calculate Last Value Last Value Last Value Mean Mean Last Value Mean 15. and selecting Display the Statistics Explorer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 85 . the event query can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace.
3. Click on the statistics tab of the table to view the statistics for the ServingCellDistance in Miles query. 2. Use the drop down list to select ServingCellDistance in Miles. 7. Find the new statistic analysis under the Queries node. Right-click on it and display it on a table. Generate Statistics for a Binned Query 1. 4.Statistic Analysis The Statistic Analysis is used in conjunction with a binned query to generate statistics for the results of the query. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Select the Statistic icon in the dialog and click on New. 5. Enter ‘ServingCellDistance in Miles Stats’ in the Description field.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 86 . Do not remove any data points. 6. We will use it to generate statistics for the ServingCellDistance in Miles binned query. Click OK to create the analysis. Select Tools → Analysis Manager.
Cell Site Configuration Using the Network Explorer The Network Explorer allows you to import network element data into Analyzer. As long as the data is in a tabular format with one row for each sector. Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format In order to import cell site data from your own network. The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are REQUIRED for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace. All other parameters are optional. Analyzer will be able to import the data. The Automatic Import feature provides an automated method of updating cell site information in Analyzer as changes are made to the network. Importing Network Data The important thing to remember about Analyzer’s network data import process is that the process requires two files: 1.txt. and how to configure the Automatic Import tool. containing only Analyzer header information. with one row for each individual sector in a network.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 87 . A blank file. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 2. creating a cell plan file called cellrefs. This section describes how to import delimited data into Analyzer. To maximize the benefit Analyzer can bring to GSM network analysis. A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form. It also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded into Analyzer. to be populated with formatted data. you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below.
Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. Locates site icons on map. Governs the shape of the sector “wedge” icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. for informational purposes only. Mobile network code. for use with A and Abis link data BCCH BSIC GSM_Cell GSM_Cell BCCH BSIC Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. for use with A and Abis link data MSC name. Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map. Mobile country code. BSIC is the concatenation of the NCC and BCC values for a cell. for informational purposes only. Locates site icons on map. for informational purposes only.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 88 . BSC name. Numeric identifier for the site. Location area code. This field must be numeric! Base Station Power MCC MNC LAC BSC Name BSC ID MSC Name MSC ID GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_BSC GSM_BSC GSM_MSC GSM_MSC EIRP MCC MNC LAC BSCName ID MSCName ID Base station power.GSM Cell Site Parameters for Import: Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number Azimuth Beamwidth Analyzer Group GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Site GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. CI GSM_Cell CI Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. for use with A and Abis link data MSC identity. for use with A and Abis link data BSC identity. for informational purposes only.
they are used for labeling purposes only. following these guidelines will provide the best results: 1. entries that have multiple sets of lats/longs for the same Site ID. Figure 59 . The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location. Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed.that is. Beware of non-unique Site ID's .GSM Cell Site Data Spreadsheet Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data Although Analyzer does not require cell site data fields to be listed in a particular order. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal. Though the columns can be in any order for import into Analyzer. 2. Additionally.The figure below is an example of a delimited GSM file that could be used to import a site list into Analyzer. the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 89 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import into Analyzer. Position information must be accurate in order for Analyzer to display sites in the correct location on the map. Non-unique Site ID's will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges. as should latitudes with a 'South' notation. Site Names need not be unique .
• A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: . See the section on Loading Cell Site Data on page 17 for more details. ensure that Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site database. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 90 . We recommend renaming this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation. #NetworkData – datafile • Every Analyzer installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs. To point the Analyzer to the file you wish to populate with the new cell site data.txt located in the directory called: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs • The file to be populated need not be named “cellrefs. use the File Location line in the Tools → Preferences dialog.Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data Before importing new cells into Analyzer.txt”.
you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data.Network Explorer Window The Network Explorer display consists of two panels. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 91 . 1.Importing the Data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and pointed Analyzer to a valid cellrefs file. If you have pointed Analyzer to a cellrefs file containing only header information. On the toolbar select Import → Import From New Template to open the Import dialog. you will not see any cell site data at this time. To access the Network Explorer. Select the appropriate network data file and click Open to display the Import Settings dialog. 2. select Tools → Network Explorer Figure 60 . 3.
Adjust these settings if necessary.Import Settings Dialog (Step 1 of 2) 4. Check the appropriate Delimiter. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.Figure 61 . 5. In most cases. Click Next. 6. 7. Give the Template a meaningful Template Name. the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 92 .
based on the table below: Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional. Repeat for each of the required fields in the GSM_Site data node.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 93 . Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter.Figure 62 . and this field must be unique for each site in the database.Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign GSM_Site Data 8. but this field is frequently used for the site label. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter. Required Required Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Required. Expand the GSM_Site data node.
Figure 63 .3 • Edition B . Expand the GSM_Cell data node. based on the table below: Field Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP BCCH MCC MNC Required for proper operation? Required Required Required Optional Required Optional Optional Analyzer Training Course • 94 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Repeat for each of the required fields in the GSM_Cell data node. Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter.Column Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign GSM_Cell Data 9. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter.
Required Optional. Select Yes to overwrite existing data.e. 2. 13.If any errors occur during the import.e. An example of a custom field would be the phase of the site where: 1 = On Air 2 = Under Construction 3 = Planned for Next Year Azimuth_Display Phase_Display 10. 2 = blue.To save the formatted site information. 3 = green). select the Save button.log 12. 1 = red. a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created.Field LAC CI BSIC Face_Display Required for proper operation? Optional Required. 14. Drill into the GSM Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector.Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned.Close the Network Explorer by clicking the “X” at the upper right hand corner. If the current workspace contains existing site data.Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. as well as a folder containing GSM Cell Elements. you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. 3) in order to color sectors on the map by face number (i. but map this field to a custom integer field to color sectors on the map by that field. 11. 15. but map this field to the integer azimuth field in order to color sectors on the map by azimuth range.Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_GSM_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer. The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 95 . 1. Optional. but map this field to the integer sector ID field (i. Select No to append to existing data. Location and ID of the site will appear. and this field must be unique for each site in the database. The Name. Optional. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.
right click on the GSM_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location.16.Use Zoom to Layer to Locate Cells on Map Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Figure 64 .3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 96 . 17.After closing the Network Explorer.If cell icons do not appear on the map. view a new map by selecting View → Display New Map. Be sure to close the map with the “X” at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view.
use the Automatic Import feature to detect changes to an existing cell plan and import the updated cell site file into Analyzer.) can be modified directly from the Network Explorer.Automatic Import Setup Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Figure 65 . Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 97 . etc. BCCHs. complete frequency retune). Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! If the cellplan file is updated (multiple sites added. Instructions for using the Automatic Import feature follow. • Automatic Import of Cell Site Data The Automatic Import feature detects changes to cell plan data and updates the configured site data every time Analyzer is opened.Updating Cell Site Data There are two convenient ways to update cell plan information in Analyzer: • Minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths.
Expand the Automatic Import option under Cellrefs and select the Enable Automatic Import option. copy the template of interest from the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\Templates directory to the same directory on your machine. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. From the Analyzer main menu. Once Automatic Import is configured.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 98 . Once a template has been created. and will be changed accordingly in your Analyzer cell site file each time Analyzer is opened. select Tools ? Preferences. Select the Automatic Import Input File. 5. a new Analyzer workspace must be started in order for that template to appear in this list. 2. To use a template created on another computer. Click OK to exit the Change Preferences dialog. Select the Automatic Import Template. A message will appear that Automatic Import has been enabled and that your currently loaded cellrefs will be overwritten the next time Analyzer is restarted. any changes to the Automatic Import Input File will be detected.To use the Automatic Import feature: 1. 3. This is the text file that contains your delimited site data. 4.
Reporting GSM Network Performance The reporting features in Analyzer allow you to create high-level management reports based on your data. Reports are user-definable formatted outputs that make use of Analyzer’s integration with Microsoft Excel. formatted output is required. Reports. Application Packages Actix Analyzer v4. The two packs currently available for GSM users are: • • DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis DT Handover Settings and Power Control Running Application Packs Once a data file is loaded. but are not always included. unlike Application Packs. They can be used when a professional. Through the Analysis menu on the main menu bar 2. including running Application Packs. Reports may be included with an Analyzer installation (such as the GSM Training Materials).3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 99 . Use Reports when generating outputs for multiple streams of data and when you want to design a custom formatted template from scratch.1 contains application packages specific to each mobile technology supported by the software. • This section describes the use of both reporting mechanisms. Two different mechanisms exist for creating for producing integrated. running pre-defined Reports. but time constraints do not allow for the creation of a custom template. the application packages can be accessed in one of two ways: 1. polished reports that can be used to analyze high-level network statistics or communicate test results in a professional format: • Application Packages are a technology-specific series of reports that are installed automatically with every Analyzer installation. each focusing on a particular aspect of mobile network optimization. and creating custom Reports. By right-clicking on the stream name in the Workspace Browser Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The application packs are a series of reports. Application Packs are typically used to obtain a high-level overview of call statistics. allow for formatted outputs of multiple streams of data.
The bottom pane is called the Report window and contains a list of available reports associated with the selected application pack. an Application Pack window will appear. Once you have selected one of the Application Packs from the menu. and it contains a summary of major call events and statistics for the selected stream. the results of the reports can be saved. printed. Cell Report Window Figure 66 . and shown in their raw form in Microsoft Excel. The top panel is referred to the Cell Explorer.Report Options for the DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Once executed.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 100 . The window is divided into two panes.Note: The application packs require Analyzer to be pointing to a valid cellrefs file in order to function properly. Information in the cell explorer is organized by serving site and sector.
quality. intra/interband handover and neighbors with 5dBm of the server for PDF and CDF.Percentage of samples where at least one neighbor is stronger than the serving cell and all neighbors within 5 dBm from the server for PDF and CDF in tables and graphs Neighbour Level .Call Details Report Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.A summary of the number of occurrences of various messages and events Design Validation . RxSubQual. and TA Neighbour Level Single – Band .Dual Band .Charts showing the distributions for RxLevSub.Shows percentage of band usage.Classifies data points as having good or bad design according to interference.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 101 . as tables and graphs • An example of the Call Details report output is shown below: Figure 67 . and dominance thresholds Measurement Charts .DT Design Validation and Quick Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: • • • • Call Details .
DT Handover Settings and Power Control
This application pack contains the following reports: • • Handover Quality - Chart of quality measurements for the whole file, and for the five seconds before and after each handover Handover Level - Chart of the change in downlink received level due to handover, measured in five second windows before and after each handover Handover Interval - Chart showing the interval between handovers Handover Classification - Percentage breakdown between good and poor design, and breakdown poor design by class Power Distribution – Histogram of power, in dBm, by number of occurrences and includes the mean dBm Power Step Distribution – Histogram of power step changes, in dB Power Step Interval – Histogram of the time interval, in seconds, between power step changes
• • • • •
The Handover Interval report is shown below:
Figure 68 - Handover Interval Report
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Running a Pre-Defined Report
Since Application Packs are built into the Analyzer, they may not exactly meet your team’s reporting requirements. Additionally, App Packs can only be run on a single stream of data. Analyzer Reports allow you to create custom reports using Microsoft Excel, and those reports may include data from multiple streams. Reports from multiple measurement sources allow you to compare data collected simultaneously or look at your network before and after making a change. In this section, you will populate a pre-defined Analyzer Report template that contains multiple data streams. In the next section, you will create a custom report from scratch. To run the pre-defined report: 1. From the Analyzer main menu select Workbook → Open Workbook/Report. 2. Navigate to C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and Open the report called GSM Before and After Network Change.xls. 3. Analyzer prompts you to select a data stream to replace the ‘before’ stream. Select the handset stream from Nemo Drive Test 1.dt1 and click OK. 4. Analyzer then prompts you to select a second data stream. Select the handset stream from Nemo Drive Test 2.dt1 and click OK. 5. Analyzer will generate the report and launch Excel. Expect for this to take a few moments. When this is complete, click on the Report tab in the Excel workbook and examine the formatted report. The output of the report is shown on the following page.
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Figure 69 - Results of the Before and After Network Change Report
The Analyzer GSM Training Materials come with several pre-defined reports that can be run according to the steps above. These reports are: • • GSM Before and After Network Change – Presents key call statistics for two different data streams. GSM Cluster Optimization Report – Designed for use during integration of a new site or cluster. Compares actual statistics against pre-defined metrics. GSM RxLev and RxQual Report – Presents key performance statistics for RxLev and RxQual, including graphical representations.
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like the one shown below. Excel will launch.RxQual Histogram and Statistics Report To create this report: 1. 2. Figure 70 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. and then formatting the report page using Excel.Creating a Custom Report Creating your own formatted report template is as easy as viewing the data you require on a workbook. Since RxQual is the parameter that provides the best estimate of user-perceived voice quality. Select the parameter ServRxQualSub from GSM → Downlink Measurements.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 105 . the value of this parameter throughout a network is of great importance. The Workbook will contain three sheets. Right-click on it and choose Display on Workbook. Ensure that the Nemo Drive Test 1 file is loaded into the Workspace. The objective of this section is to create a simple report. which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window. to display a histogram distribution and statistics for the RxQualSub parameter.
Cut and paste the new chart onto the “Report” sheet in the workbook or choose to have the chart inserted as an object on the Report sheet. 12. 10. position the histogram on the page. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Then switch to the Statistic Formatted Data tab and select the cell containing the data you wish to add to your report.3.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 106 . 8. Select the chart icon from the top menu bar of Excel: 6. 9. Click on the Histogram Formatted Data tab.To place the mean and standard deviation statistics in the table in your report. 5. format a table around the statistics and add any other desired formatting. Press Enter after selecting that cell to create the reference. Click on any blank sheet in the workbook and rename the sheet “Report”.Add a title to the worksheet. The chart wizard will open: . Select a simple column chart and follow the Wizard prompts and instructions. Click the Finish button in the chart wizard and a basic chart will be created. Save the file in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports folder and name it RxQual_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report. 4. 11. Click and drag to define a window around the data set. Figure 71 .From the Excel main menu. including the column headers. type “=” in the cell you would like to hold the value on the Report sheet.Chart Wizard in Excel 7. select File → Save.
Select the Nemo Drive Test 2 handset stream and watch the formatted report regenerate for the new data. 3.Running the Report on New Data 4. Running Your Report with New Data 1. Select Workbook → Open Workbook to open the RxQual_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report saved previously to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory.13. A dialog will appear that prompts you to select a data stream(s): Figure 72 . Ensure that the Nemo Drive Test 2 file is loaded into the Workspace.Close the Excel workbook.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 107 . Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 2.
4. add a title. To print your map using the Map Layout Designer: 1. The Map Layout Designer may be used to arrange the map and legend on the page. Select Print when the map layout is arranged to your satisfaction. 6. Select Print Preview from the Toolbar to determine what the printed page will look like. 9.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 108 . and preview the output. 4. choose Properties from the Toolbar to change the label font. Choose the page layout for the map and select OK to bring up the Map Layout Designer. Move the Legend so that it is not overlapping the map trail. 2. In the Print Setup dialog. Display data on a map in the workspace. and margin sizes. Move the label box and the map so that they are not overlapping. To change the map layers visible in the Legend. Open a map with data in the workspace. Double-click on the Label box to change the title of the map. Resize the legend as necessary. To print a map using the Quick Print option: 1. Select the Print button from the map toolbar. Use the Options button in the lower left hand corner of the Print Setup dialog to adjust map size. 7. Select the Layout button from the toolbar. select OK to print the map. double click on the Legend to activate it and collapse any layers that are not to appear. 5. 5. The Quick Print option allows you to bypass the Map Layout Designer and print the map with a legend in a fixed position. 3. Expand any layers that should appear. Resize the text box as necessary. Select the paper source. legend visibility and scale. page orientation. With the Label Box selected.Printing Data A-SVS features two different ways to obtain printed map outputs. content. Close Print Preview to make any modifications necessary. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. 2. 8. 3.
Double-click on the Desktop shortcut to open Analyzer with all of your frequently used queries in place. Saving a workspace in Analyzer allows you to save the following items: • • • • • Window layouts Open files you are currently working with Custom analyses you have created Custom attributes you have executed Superstreams you have created To save your workspace click File → Save Workspace As and give the file a name. The Analyzer file structure includes a ‘Workspaces’ folder that can be used to hold your saved workspaces. The workspace may then be saved as a shortcut on the Windows Desktop. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. the workspace includes all data display windows within the Analyzer application window. but no data files. together with the Workspace Explorer. To start up Analyzer with a set of commonly used queries. A workspace created with Analyzer may be opened directly from the Windows Desktop.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 109 . though you can save a workspace to any location.Saving Your Preferred Layout In Analyzer. simply save a workspace with the queries of interest.
Actix Online Help Options Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. which can be accessed by clicking on Help menu on the main menu. You can look up information about a particular topic either by choosing an item from the index or by entering keywords and performing a search.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 110 . The primary help documentation can be found under Help → Contents. Figure 73 .Where to Get More Help Help File Analyzer includes comprehensive online help.
Highlighted Parameter and Corresponding Attribute Help Entry The contents of the Help window can be printed. Figure 74 . and then click on an item in the Workspace.Specific information. can be accessed by clicking on Help → Attribute Help. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. stored under Favorites.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 111 . or you can open the Attribute Help window. You can look up an item in the alphabetized list. like the definition of engineering parameters. and resized or minimized to enable side-by-side review as operations are performed in Analyzer.
and on the Actix Web site. email. Email: support@actix. The version number of the software is available by going to Help → About Analyzer.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 112 . please leave your contact information and a brief description of the nature of the call. and Singapore to provide assistance. In the US technical support can be reached at: Phone: 1 (877) 72-ACTIX (toll free) 1 (877) 722-2849 Between the hours of 09:00-17:00 EST If you are calling outside of hours. Figure 75 .com/html/support.Technical Support Technical support is available by phone.com On the Web: www.About Analyzer Window Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Technical personnel are located in Reston. London UK.htm When contacting Actix Support please have your license key number and the software revision number you are using ready to speed up the resolution of your problem.actix. USA. VA.
com and can be accessed directly from the Online Help menu under Visit the Actix Web site. Unless you specifically decline.actix. Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. To confirm you are using the most current version of the software please check under the Help → About Analyzer menu and compare that with the current release cited on the Web site.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 113 . If you have any questions please contact our support staff. Actix frequently improves the Analyzer with incremental updates to the software as further test and measurement vendors’ formats integrated into the tool or updated in accordance with new versions of phones or infrastructure. it contains further application modules for Analyzer for common optimization tasks. and other products. or to book any of these courses. please contact your instructor or Actix sales manager. Additional copies of this manual are available from Actix support or from your instructor More Advanced Training Actix offers a range of training courses designed to improve the understanding. Upgrades can be downloaded from the web providing the support and maintenance contract purchased with the software is still current. To confirm the training has met your expectations you are invited to complete a post training survey and highlight any aspect of the course that could be improved or did not meet your expectations. the Analyzer.Actix Web Site Our Web site is located at: www. and sections on Frequently Asked Questions. the instructor may contact you within six weeks of this course to follow up and discuss further any questions you have. Contact Your Instructor The objective of this training session is to provide all attendees with the knowledge and desire to use Analyzer on returning from the course. proficiency and productivity of engineers using Actix Analyzer for network optimization and performance in the fast paced world of wireless communications. In addition to containing information about Actix. For more information.
For Grayson and compatible GSM log files. a Call Completed event is triggered if the following criteria occur: ? ? Call Dropped Outgoing Call Setup OK or Incoming Call Setup OK Followed by RR: Channel Release with Cause=Normal For GSM log files that contain air interface messaging.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 114 . For Grayson GSM and compatible log files. a HandoffOK event is triggered if the following occurs: ? ? ? Requirement: CC: Handover Command Not Followed By: A transition to idle mode Followed By: CC: Handover Complete Handover Fail Contains geographically referenced occurrences for all handoff failures. Assignment Fail Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. it defines a successful handover and is obtained from the RR Handover Complete message. For LCC GSM. Contains geographically referenced points where a traffic channel/slot assignment failed. a handoff failure event is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? First Requirement: CC: Handover Command Not Followed By: A transition to idle mode Followed By: CC: Handover Failure Location Update OK Location Update Fail Assignment OK Contains geographically referenced points where a location update occurred successfully. Contains geographically referenced points where a location update failed.Appendix A – GSM Event Definitions Event Call Completed Definition For GSM log files that contain air interface messaging. a Call Dropped event is triggered if the following criteria occur: ? ? Outgoing Call Setup OK or Incoming Call Setup OK Not followed by RR: Channel Release with Cause = Normal ? Handover OK Followed by a transition to idle mode Contains geographically referenced occurrences of all successful handoff events. Contains geographically referenced points where a traffic channel/slot was assigned.
Event Incoming Call OK Definition An incoming call initiation event is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? DL CC: Setup UL CC: Alerting Incoming Call Setup Fail An incoming call setup failure is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? CC: Setup Followed by CC: Call Confirmed Followed by a transition back to idle mode Outgoing Call OK A successful mobile origination is triggered if the following requirements are met: ? ? UL CC: Setup DL CC: Alerting Outgoing Call Setup Fail An outgoing initiation failure is triggered if the following sequence of messages occurs: ? ? ? CC: Setup Not followed by CC: Call Confirmed Followed by a transition back to idle mode Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 115 .
GPRS network drive tests must be designed to capture the aspect of the network of interest. the analysis and optimization procedures for these two types of networks are not the same. the parameters of interest are different than when analyzing GSM drive test data. GSM performance engineers will become responsible for ensuring the integrity of these data networks. FTP uploads and downloads provide the maximum channel usage over a continuous time period. providing a good picture of maximum throughput attainable. but small enough to avoid being affected by uncontrollable variables. as they contain compressed data that will not be subject to very much extra compression during transmission. Stationary testing is preferable over mobile testing to reduce the effect of cell updates on throughput. and describes areas of interest when analyzing this data with Actix A-Solutions. Ideally. The FTP server ideally should be located within the GPRS network on the Gi interface. the test should be conducted in an area of strong radio coverage.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 116 . Locating the server within the GPRS network eliminates internet-related variables for testing purposes. FTP test files should be large enough to provide a good test case. This document provides some suggestions for the design of GPRS drive test scenarios. Although GPRS networks share radio resources with GSM network.Appendix B – GPRS Optimization Parameters As GPRS network become more prevalent. When analyzing GPRS drive test data. Ideal file sizes are 300 kb for download testing and 100 kb per upload testing. Zipped files are ideal. GPRS Test Design Different tests may be designed for testing different aspects of GPRS network performance: Throughput analysis • • The purpose of this test is to determine the GPRS data rate over the air interface and for the end user application. • • • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1.
3 • Edition B . provided the parameter has been collected by the collection equipment. various parameters can be used to analyze the performance of the network. GPRS Data Analysis Once GPRS data has been collected. Analyzer Training Course • 117 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. • Throughput – GPRS logfiles contain throughput values collected within the GPRS network and at the application level. A cell update typically results in 3-5 seconds of down time before communication with the new cell is established. RLC Throughput and Application Throughput are the most commonly used for analysis of GPRS networks. Each parameter described here can be viewed using the Actix Analyzer platform. Ping is a good application for this type of analysis based on its relatively simple command structure and concrete timing expectations. o RLC Throughput (Radio Link Control) provides data rate for the logical link between the mobile and the PCU and can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. Typical ping delay over GPRS is 750 ms.Latency and signaling analysis • The purpose of this test is to verify the GPRS message sequences. Mobile testing on highways or commuter transit routes is recommended for testing the effects of cell updates and mobility on the GPRS network. RLC throughput provides the best indication of data transfer over the air interface. cell updates are initiated by the mobile which breaks the connection with the abandoned cell before reselecting a new cell. Stationary testing in areas of high potential usage is recommended to analyze GPRS behavior with typical RF conditions. • • Analysis of the effects of the RF environment on the GPRS network • • • The purpose of this test is to determine how well the GPRS data network operates in the existing GSM radio environment. An IP sniffer such as Ethereal may be used to view communication between the client computer and the server at the IP level (as opposed to communication between the mobile and the server seen from the GPRS handset). In a GPRS network. This type of test might be used to verify the operation of new network equipment. and the time between key GPRS events.
the higher the resulting throughput. CS 4 provides virtually no error correction and the highest maximum data rate. Check timeslot usage with the parameters in the GSM → GPRS Data → GPRS RMAC → Dedicated Radio Link group. TCP throughput can be found in the Data Testing → Protocol Measurements group. • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. but should only be used in areas where RF conditions are excellent to avoid losing packets.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 118 . o o Figure 76 .Uplink RLC and Application Throughput • Timeslot Usage – The more timeslots allocated to a GPRS data session.o LLC Throughput (Logical Link Control) provides the data rate between the mobile and the SGSN and can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. Target application throughput for GPRS is 11-13 kbps per timeslot for Coding Scheme 2 (CS 2). TCP Throughput provides the data rate on the logical link maintaining flow and congestion control between the two communicating computers. Coding Scheme Usage – GPRS relies on four different coding schemes to provide an appropriate balance between error correction and maximum data rate. Application Throughput most closely approximates the end user experience and can be found in the Data Testing → Application Measurements group. CS 1 provides substantial error correction. Timeslots may be allocated based on data rate requested and network congestion. CS usage information can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → GPRS RMAC → Dedicated Radio Link group. resulting in a lower maximum data rate.
High RCL_DL_BLER or RLC_UL_Retransmission values typically result in lower throughput. The handset measures and updates the serving cell based on local radio conditions. the mobile will constantly release and be allocated new TFIs.e.RLC DL Throughput and BLER • Cell Updates – In GPRS networks.• GPRS Radio Conditions – The best indicators of GPRS radio conditions are RLC_DL_BLER and RLC_UL_Retransmissions. Use the ServCI parameter in the GSM → Serving Cell Parameters group to determine whether multiple cell updates are affecting GPRS throughput. During a constant stream of data (i. TFIs will be assigned in consecutive numerical order if no other users are on the cell. TFI and TBF – Timeslots are shared between GPRS users. both of which can be found in the GSM → GPRS Data → Vendor Specific group. there is a 3-5 second break in data transfer during a cell update.3 • Edition B . Each data transmission in a timeslot includes a TFI indicating to which mobile the data corresponds. TFI numbers will jump if there Analyzer Training Course • 119 • Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. RLC_UL_Retransmissions indicates unacknowledged blocks sent by the mobile that must be resent. During sporadic transmit or receive activity. Diminished throughput and high BLER Figure 77 . the mobile will keep the same TFI. cell updates are controlled by the handset rather than by the network. FTP download). During sporadic activity. Each GPRS user is granted a Temporary Flow Identity (TFI). Temporary Block Flow (TBF) on the uplink and on the downlink. Because the connection with the abandoned cell is broken before the connection is resumed with the target cell. RLC_DL_BLER indicates the percentage of corrupt blocks received that cannot be decoded by the mobile.
GPRS performance will suffer the more users share the same resources. Protocol analyzer traces on the Gb link may be used to see whether a problem is more widespread than just the test mobile. TCP behavior analysis is a good place to start if RF conditions and RLC throughput Analyzer Training Course • 120 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. The RLC layer ensures that the mobile has sufficient resources to communicate on the radio link. and presence messaging.File Download Throughput and TFI • GPRS Signaling – All GPRS signaling can be accessed via the Analyzer message browser or Protocol Stack Browser. RLC messages and procedures include Channel Request. LLC-based Protocols provide communication between the mobile and the SGSN.3 • Edition B . Immediate Assignment. Bursty TFI during bursty download activity Figure 78 . Knowledge of protocol signaling can help to identify and pinpoint network-based problems. o RLC-based Protocols provide communication between the mobile and the PCU. Acks & Nacks.are multiple users on the cell. o • TCP Behavior – TCP is in place to maintain a problem-free connection between two computers via a system of sequence numbers and acknowledgements. and acknowledgement of the mobile on the network. LLC procedures include mobile attach messaging. PDP context activation. The sequence numbers and acknowledgements can be examined in an IP sniffer file such as Ethereal.
the sender may hold data and reduce throughput while waiting for earlier packets to be acknowledged. o Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Some potential TCP problems are: o Missing Packets . If the RWIN setting is too small.TCP behavior causes the receiver to acknowledge packets with the number of the next expected packet. If the receiver misses a packet it will acknowledge the number of the missing packet.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 121 . Receive Buffer Size Window – The receive buffer size window. but application throughput is poor. defines how many packets can be sent out by the sender without receiving an acknowledgement from the receiver.looks good. even as other packets are sent and received. or RWIN setting. until the missing packet is finally received.
and Array Attribute Value objects. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the label scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. Select a font face. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the label area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Select a text color. Below is a list of the attributes associated with the sheet and with the Label. Set the height of the StateForms sheet.Appendix C – StateForms Attributes There are six types of objects that can be placed on a StateForms sheet. Attribute Sheet Width Sheet Height Auto Scale Background Grid Size Snap to Grid Function Set the width of the StateForms sheet. Makes the label appear depressed. Label Attributes Attribute Caption Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Right Extent Bottom Function The text that will be displayed in the label. Set the spacing for the design mode grid of dots. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the label scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Distance from the top of the label to the top of the form. Set to ‘True’ to automatically align the top left corner of the object with the design grid. Background color of the label. Height of the label. Make the text italicized. the sheet itself has attributes which can be set. Attribute Value. Set the background color of the sheet. Distance from the left edge of the label to the left edge of the form.3 • Edition B . In addition. Select a font size. Width of the label. When set to ‘True’ the size of the objects on the sheet will scale up or down to fill the sheet as the sheet window size is changed. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Make the text bold. click on any part of the sheet that is not occupied by an object. Analyzer Training Course • 122 Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Sheet Attributes To access the sheet properties. Adds a border around the label.
To display an expression instead of a straight parameter value. Set the size of the subdivisions into which you would like to divide the attribute level bar. Select the format group for the expression you are using Normal – No Default – Append Units – Use to display the units that correspond to the expression when a format group for the expression has been set. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected. Text – used to display the parameter value as text rather than a level bar. Set to ‘True’ to display the parameter value as text Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the minimum value of the attribute level bar Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the maximum value of the attribute level bar Set to ‘True’ to display the divisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into Set to ‘True’ to display the subdivisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into Set the size of the divisions into which you would like to divide the attribute level bar. ---Background color of the attribute value. Decimals Display Validity Text Change Flag Text Change Color Color Legend Color by Format Group Color Value Expr. type the expression here as it would appear in the Binned Query expression builder. Value Bar – Use this setting to fill the attribute value bar in with the bar color to indicate the level of the parameter value. Adds a border around the attribute value. Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Set the color used to indicate a change in the parameter’s value. Fmt. For parameters that are arrays. Convert Units – Set the number of decimal places in the result of the expression. Use the Analyzer tree of parameters to select the attribute whose value you would like to display. Holds the last valid value of the parameter until a new valid value is collected. Array Index Attr. Value Hold Expression Expr Format Group Expr. enter the index of the array element whose value you would like to display.3 • Edition B . Mode Expr. ---Set to ‘True’ to color the level bars using the color scheme established in the map legend. Background – used to fill in the entire attribute value bar in with the bar color.Attribute Value Attribute Specify Min+Max Bar Range Min Bar Range Max Bar Color Use Value Color Function Set to ‘True’ to specify the minimum and maximum values when the attribute value object is used as an attribute value bar Set the minimum value for the attribute value bar Set the maximum value for the attribute value bar Set the color that will fill the attribute bar as the parameter value changes None – used when you want to displayed the attribute value as text without a color behind it. ---Set to ‘True’ to highlights changes in the parameter value from the preceding data point to the current data point by changing the color used to display the parameter value. Analyzer Training Course • 123 Show Value Text Show Min Text Show Max Text Show Minor Ticks Show Major Ticks Minor Tick Spacing Major Tick Spacing Attribute Attr.
Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the minimum value of the attribute level bar. Array Attribute Value Attribute Array Columns Array Rows Array Base Offset Specify Min+Max Bar Range Min Bar Range Max Bar Color Use Value Color Function Number of columns in the array attribute value matrix. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Set the size of the subdivisions into which you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Select a font face. Width of the attribute value. Analyzer Training Course • 124 Show Value Text Show Min Text Show Max Text Show Minor Ticks Show Major Ticks Minor Tick Spacing Major Tick Spacing Attribute Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Distance from the left edge of the attribute value to the left edge of the form. Select a text color. Distance from the top of the attribute value to the top of the form. Use the Analyzer tree of parameters to select the attribute whose value you would like to display. Set to ‘True’ to display the parameter value as text. Make the text bold. Make the text italicized. Set the size of the divisions into which you would like to use for the attribute level bar. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. Set the minimum value for the attribute value bar. Height of the attribute value. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the array value area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Set the maximum value for the attribute value bar. Number of rows in the array attribute value matrix. To begin displaying parameter values starting at a location in the array other than its beginning. Select a font size. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Set the color that will fill the attribute bar as the parameter value changes. Set to ‘True’ to display the text showing the maximum value of the attribute level bar. Set to ‘True’ to display the divisions you would like to divide the attribute level bar into. None – used when you want to displayed the attribute value as text without a color behind it. Value Bar – Use this setting to fill the attribute value bar in with the bar color to indicate the level of the parameter value. specify the index of the first array element you would like to display. Background – used to fill in the entire attribute value bar in with the bar color. Text – used to display the parameter value as text rather than a level bar.3 • Edition B . set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. Set to ‘True’ to display the subdivisions you would like to use for the attribute level bar.Attribute Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Bottom Extent Right Function Makes the attribute value appear depressed. Set to ‘True’ to specify the minimum and maximum values when the attribute value object is used as an attribute value bar.
Back Color Back Color Override Border Line Border Sunken Text Color Font Auto Size Font Height Font Use Default Font Name Font Italic Font Bold Left Top Width Height Extent Bottom Extent Right Introduction to SVS for GSM 1. Convert Units – Set the number of decimal places in the result of the expression. Select a font size. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the array attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. If you would like to display the value of an expression instead of a simple parameter. Adds a border around the array attribute value.. Height of the array attribute value. Set the color used to indicate a change in the parameter’s value. Set to ‘True’ to make the contents of the array attribute value scale as the form size is changed in View Mode. Makes the array attribute value appear depressed. ---Set to ‘True’ to highlights changes in the parameter value from the preceding data point to the current data point by changing the color used to display the parameter value. Width of the array attribute value. Set to ‘True’ to activate the background color you have selected.3 • Edition B Analyzer Training Course • 125 . Value Hold Expression Expr. ---Set to ‘True’ to color the level bars using the color scheme established in the map legend. select the format group for the expression to be displayed. Select a text color. If you are using an expression. Decimal Display Validity Text Change Flag Text Change Color Color Legend Color by Format Group Color Value Expr. set to ‘False’ to Activate Bold and Italic settings. Format Group Expr. Make the text bold. Make the text italicized.Attribute Attr. Select a font face. ---Background color of the array attribute value. Frmt. Expr. Normal – No Default – Append Units – Use to display the units that correspond to the expression when a format group for the expression has been set. Mode Expr. Distance from the top of the array attribute value to the top of the form. Mode Function Holds the last valid value of the parameter until a new valid value is collected. enter the expression here as it would appear in the expression builder. Set to ‘True’ to have the font size change to fill the array attribute value area or set to ‘False’ to set the font size yourself. Distance from the left edge of the array attribute value to the left edge of the form. Set to ‘True’ to keep the font plain. Select the format group for the expression you are using.
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