235

BOOByrrRl\PS

DEPARTMENT

OF

THE

ARMY

FIE L D MANUAL

HEADQUARTERS,
FIZI.b

DEPARTMENT

Of THE ARMY

SEPTEMBER
1LunJ.I.L}
No. 50-31 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE AR~Y

1965
I

WABHlNOlON 0.C. J'; &p!.rnzt.r 1965
t 1

BOOBYlRAPS
~ ~

ClURACl"ERJ8TlCB
~.of~ ..

OF lIDOBTTRA PS

removal of ooobytr aps in com ba t. b. Included are desert pti()n~ and discussions of the design and fu netioning ch a.r ac teristics ot stan da rd demo litlon iterns ~ ti ring deviees exp los[ ves, an dace ssso r ies - and nW:;5 iles, such as hand gt".en.ades. mortar ammu illt ion, art. [1;er y a mmu n itill n, and bombs. c. This manual also contain" information on it varit!ty of .items -a.nd ind:ig!noos materials uxCul for improvising firing devices, explosi ves, and pyrotech n le rei xtnres for guerri lla WB rfare a pp 1i3
;S

~~.---------------&~.T-I _ ..

--..

.T
_

1-:2
9-7

cations.

_I.

.Ba.iI

dnt1*intt
L _ & _ ~ • L _ •••• ~ •• ~ ~ ~ ~ I ~

.~ •••
...

H
In--l4 l5--17

f
9

L Factory-produced booby traps (dirty trick devices) are desai bed.. Most ot these he.ve been. develo ped. and used. ill the field
by

I_.'1.atinn
s.ti,.
e-ti:m I. .FiriDc Ill. ~ I. ~ IL ~
II. ~

BOOBY1"JlAlIPUfO EQUlPrtmNT
n __ u_u __ uu u __ U~ .

14

p.erti T:I en t to boobytrapp; ng ope ra tlons are provided lor th~ protection of troops from casualty. e. Sa! ety
Q.lea&ll ~

forei:rn armies.

&

~

.... & .. + _.&_~.&~&

L&.&_~ __..__&~~----------_
__
__

~...•

1.8-28 J'1-3.O
1:t.--35

Ii)
U
15

l. The contents of this manual ~re applicable to nuclear and non-

0....,.... 4. COli81KUG1::JQN l'L"OHNIQllI3

nuclear w:arlarer 2. Co""".an

UIbeII iP.:m.i.nafI.r.Idr

~_. ~.... _
u_~~un ••
n ••••

C'aA.ifta 5.. Ml..8dELLA.NEoua g... 'L~ ~

iii. ~~----_~_~_.A.~AAA&&
D. l~.
II. ~
~H

..

~Id",.nnun

BOOBYTRAPS
•• __ ~ __ •

__

.&&

T.TT_---~.
U~U .._

to-M
415--48

n-H

ec
85 Sl

50.

7S

c.......

_

_n_nnn

.9-~
.lH--&:;!

"T

T

6. BOOSYT.I.AP bET'EC'l'lON l~ ~ ~r~~~-----~ ...

~ ~&&~._.... .. ~T

AND 'REMOVAL ~.. _
r r _

___rJ

fo:r each comment should be gjven to insure proper interpretation and eva) uation. Forward aU commen ts di rect ly to th~ Commendant, U. S. Army E Ill'lneer School. F OTt Be~VOl r, Virgin ia 22060.

Usen of th.i~ manu aJ are enc.ouraged. to forward comments or recommendations for changes for improvement. CQ.lJ'Ul1ents!houJd be referenced to the page~ paragraph) and line of text. The reason

fiJ.--fIS

liS

128

3

s.~n
1.
ly-p1i&

'I. PIIHeiNS Of OPEltAtlON.

CHAPTER 1

A boobytra p is an exploai ve c har:rre- eun ni n gly con trl ved to be fired by an unQUS pectinw ]:Jetson who distu rb.s. an a pp.aren t If harmlnA obj tid Of' performs a pres urn ab u.f-e aet ..Two types ate in Q se -improvised ud manu faetu red .. 1m pro~ised boobytra ps ar@ assem,. ~ .. and SEOp. bled tram lpecially provided material or constructed fr.ommaterials ~ This manIa] contains ereeed urea, tee: h.n.1que-s I and expedients generally llHd tar othe-r purposes, Ma!"lfac tu red boobytra pa are Cot the fn::lttu~tjon ot the soldier in the a.ssembly] use, detection! and dirty triclc devices made a t .a factor}' for issue to troo~s... They

of laobytfGpt

C:HARACTERlSTlCS OF 8COBYTIAPS 5edign t INTIODUctION

'y

POOR MAN
lDQ8Uy Irnita te

t

S JA..l1E"S BOND Vol.

3

236
IL IIIIL
~~AITS

BOOBYTRAPS

some obje:t or artiel. that hal IOUvenir appeaJ or t.hM may be used by the t.l.rret to advanta...
-4
A boobytrap 'COnsists of a main char" tl.riq' deYic~ dandard bue {not alway! used) and detonatot-. Another lteml the llhiversal
t

.... At. t .. Ung Iaobytrapa b

a.totIV! J..CIlON.

destru(tor. is an &da.pbl' for IMtaltml a nrinl devieeUHmbly in a looded proj eeti 1@ bomb to malet a.n. imprttyjHd boobytrap. Also, or fl'l'inC'dev fee Qsemblie.s are often I ttached to- the ma.i n e.har,p by mean. of a lencth of detonatiDI" cord.
5.
H
IN~'IA riCKS 1101 NMI NG WU ..., A SMALl. QUNmTY 0' ~IGHL Y :&ieo..l:lUTI'f'1 !DlOUYI ~ ~ Wlrti A COM" ..... rc't!Ll'

.Ml fVU "liMO DIV1CE Co 11~

'lasUl1-.~f
".. :$TONE mlOllYE

JIlOl'.-.G ACTION.

lI4o~ytra .. Rring Chain n"~G 0tA.1N A sa •• O. .,

~
I I I

I
I I I

, ~

I

I

LUG. QU.um'h'

~

01 I't.UNalllVI ~XfilO$1 VI.

....._ ........
- .._ .._

-

.. ---I

!11I".fR'

.: L,.I:A$£tJ
"1l1li1:1 ~.

- --- -- ..---- ...... _- ........ _..--_ ............-_._ .._ ........ -_.
- -._ ..-- -_ ...-_
..

-_

PON UP

M5 nDSl.MI!-lnL\SI!"_' "11...0 GIVler

•• ~~~ """!"'. ~...

"':

:p::;:::::;:::t .. "

.

------..---- .--_ --

P.

J'I!!IIIIH)N.d..!AU UI!IIINC IOWa ~ STAnS UROIaY! ACnOH.

DE1'QNA1''' toIm~~
r:

TN1

~

:i~ . ..... '.Iim

-- ...._

.

.....__

""

O!V"

-

---.,.. ...... _- --- --- .........

---- - ............ ._._ _--- ........... -............ .....-III

-

-

..

T1I.rT
~

.-

• ...

7.
.Ir.

PIrI. Devlc. In+emal
"tlNG pmcr... ~.,... IL!CnIC

,A..dI.p •

NI«l'lOH

ACI'1U.rtD MA "f II'ofIIIHALIT ~... .MAN 'f' 'iNAn TO ..

nu. r!

~....e~~...
I
6, ........
__

1111 "JiNG OIA&H..
IEMOVM OP WIDOE

ClOUI tl.:rJIT ~

~

CONTACtS

PIllS flKlllC eA'~

ActleM

.,.

HI\UI'IIID .A.CWCIW (II !D\.0Il0NI .. nil IGOIYIIAI
Ql. .... .

IT....,.. ,..

.....

..

.. ~ICAL

'Y

Ql.. lID STlIal.. DIIV&I

ITS !IIutG.. .IIES '_UUl()+.I CA ••

MIAI

POOR la-IAN'S IJl\JvIE 3 BOr-·[) Vol.
C.
MJ,..,Pl.IatQtt

3

2]7

BUOBYTRAPS

1

.... T'tdQtJOH THI I:IIBUCAI. COMI'G\IN)

~""""M~CA1

tAoUill R..WI TKl.f n... 1111 NPOIIU'1'Ol.

vided. 88 reqgired to meet boobytpppiq neaIa. b. .Ana1' and higher Mnm).lDden. may de1epJ:e .utbori.ty to lq boobyhajM tD &I low as rliviaion «C!ITDIlruIei' All bJ.Ih6 romlDQlrL
~

by apeS,]i st& Ml military pe.rsonIlelt hnwn-t!J'", an trained in baDdLJ'], .g ~ u.r.I alhe.r baob,.trappiDc materialt so that t.her ~. U DaC.-11:ry, boubytrap & .Dli.tle or inatalJ .a :!JimpJe boobytr.ap. 9• ............,. .. AnIQr cmnnwwlen: iatwe .prial iDatnactiOba for the ue of buobytn]lll!l within their rmnmand. 8uppliea are a..thoriKd and Jlra-

IJI!ric:tcL
G.

~J

IILIQ' ~

to to

ww ~. 08,...,., ......D. JrdUJlt.'Il(TH:J+.I

fln.L.M-ICTIO..... flU:t.WUT

.n~ a.

---

to keep aD interested b"oops adlriM:d of ~8D1T acti vitiM. H ])OSSibl~ all boOOyt:r.a.ps ATe n.traliud; ath.rhee dq~

d.. En8'lJl1'" boobytrapM.

hi'"
hi.chet'

u the Iactkal aituatiOJl ,.,. requirE.. Remrda of .all boobytrapa laid Are ~
heI.dqgart.an.
Il"IJU,

this autborit,'" lor a deftnite or .iDdeft.Dite
and forwuded

u soon ... diMMVerai" are ~

Wl&8

the7 are properly ma.rked by wa.rninJ" sigus.

s.c.o.
1a.

II.

PIAllNING

co.&lf{A,.. ~D IMto
.,. ftlC.SP'rtC)lUI ..... [i

nla

HDlUII! ON tCt O. TH!

poacarTS
II..aVL

GI••
.. A.

MIINII

~TOI

ftAIH

nt«)

IN UtI!! CAU~NG ltIAT "UI TMIl! MAnMG!l1DV!

__lI.-N-~~

PUUIJ.I! ON 1JtI TO,. UIAa ".. YlAL, ... NG nil IUUtlUIIC. ACID TO ... 1.1 W1nI TMI R..\IH fiOWDIL f'ICDUI:]H(I A .... MI THAT THI! DEI'OHA TOI.

...

.lAMeI
~

MODR

1":1

8

fl.

,.......

t 1)

a.. The iDgmious use- of local rlllOUrees and .tandard itA!rDa iI impottant in maJrinK eff'ecti "e boobytraps.. They m..t be limple :In ~Dfinmtionl rudily di.quiaed, and deadly. They mq produce .~ results if COlleaiTed. in ely ClWAiDa: &nd. bWlt ·in ~ IOrmL B:oobytr&pa cauae uncertainty and suapiciOll ill. the ",tnd of th. enemy. Th(!!f 1ZUIY .urpri8e him,. tnub'ate hia plana. .aad iupire in hh aoldien a feat" of the un mOWll. 11. In withdrawal:l OCdlrtrape may be uaed in much the .me W&J" as nuiaanee mines, Bulldings and oths' forma -of :Il:LelW. ~ ~~ di ven.io:n. uound obataclelS. I'OI.d bl:oebt bridps, fordI.: and. llimilar art!Ila at!! 11litab1e location for eallCMDna boobytnip& . 0.. ID ddeue. boohytrllPKJ plaeed in the JlI.th of the enem;y at .trated~ loutiOll3 in .uftlclet IlIImhers. .may impede hiA prop "; pnnJIlt detailed. reeoDDOi8.IJX.e~ and delay dilJl.l'D'[in-. and ~ .crf JIltnet\eJda.
11.. Prlndpl ..

lal:dcal!hdl

Kp()wLedp of these princj~ will aid the ROidiert not only in placing baob,-traps expertly. bu d&tacti.lllr and 8. voiding those of the enemy . ..ao1YTlAJl
boobytra.~
(QNCUU!O ....

to :eel the optimum benefit from

Certain basic principles. as ald a.!I warfare itself.. must be tollo.,..ed.

....c

~10

1001:

WW II QI!!:IM .... ' N MJoC.IC: OMICAL

'lJlr
Cln.t!ltl_ THl AMtuU!! .. THI CHIMJCAL TO C:OUOOE ". trrAlNIMG W IIIr fQ~MG THI mUCR TO .. U 1t11 DllCMAlOI. THI DE\.AY II
.......

~!~ DElAY

w.su
(JaVIOO5 J!'iJlLWllf

N_HI

1'I!Ij ••

WI 11

TO (:OIIOOf

K'II TN!! (HeMI':"l

"

Iltl TIMI

or

GU.II AMKlU

...,H.A&ANCU

mE IfTAI,...lNU

CQIB)II'III ~lMtcAL

Of 100 I YnJo...tNG· MU!T II! IEJIIiOrw:w
I til. "'100 #..N 0- vlOlF.s ... "I,~EM.~"

~lMIlHf IS .MA~A.ro.'r UTTU AND OTHEI fV'~ ~fS.

TO :lJJ(.CfiS. AU.

Co 1I1:n" AlEA$ MPtLU 01 OTHD (~IIC1"

'" nl!:H11OH ... cD a.. 01'4 H. .

MA..,

I'lI:.NCi DI:iTIA.D ftO~ A (CJ NNIHCl t(

.1

0IlA"r

CIIAP'TEI. 2

9

USI OF BOOIY1IAPS
~ I. USlC DOCIIIIiI

Sllpplement rnineflelda b7 mueuinl ibm obIbcle ~ ~ ..ad "bl the coDluaion'Of t.he eD.eD1Y. idicf cuulti. ... iIattoy material and lower morale. Boob)'trap5 an un&Dt laid ~
li

I..

IM'1en' PrinIIpIM

POOR
0.
ItQA;O

J-.1A.N S I

LJAlVIES

BON
11

n

Vol.

3

238

EOOBYTRAPS

O.l ..CUJ,

JlO(;Q. ,... LL... TlII!I" LITT!II!, ITC., I All ~D-lAl lOClll fl

dl.a!-ge if!. placed on a. hard 8Urlace. This defl.e.etll the exploai"'it: 1V&ve upward. A c harge detonatmg 6 to 10 feet above tht .rround witt darnalfe; a larger .ru. than Oil(! laid on o:r below the lll.l.rfaee.
e,

redoee the work at Ute site to the minimum, b. Loc:a.~iot&. Ch.a.rg~ lIhowd be p[aced. whert!! they wilt da the moat damq-e. A cham detonated arainst & atone wall will expend itIi fore, t n magnifi~ intensity aWBY f:rom the walt The 10000e of .-n 4!:l pjo:siCD on the ground wiU a.ft'ec:t the surroundl Ttl air mON if the

CJ..ame eenatit.!. M&ny inexpensive boobytraps, !imp le to make
eaey
II

ud

ttu..tnber of the expeb.si v e and CQJllpJex kind. Comp!@]( rnee h.anisrna
IbO" ~

to lay will del.l.)r and confuse the enemy more than .. 8:Dl.&l1
13 t ft laytnr,

PlUSU.f. I'tt...-o

1H.1 ...U:

D(YU::I!!

to

G.4Tt l[tliO "'LAC 1:6 !M WllDl NOS" ., IU ItDI NO I!!r-ITlANI!Z!. N'fO ..... :5~"M 1I'L.Jt,(:.I:-s. W'I-I u~ I :tOl.Olfl:1 ....... !VIO.... 01 r TI-I!I. DInA"I CIiAIG1:5- ,.A Y OfF_

tage th.Iw the simpl@ type. 11 ~c:. Complete recOIl naig:a;anee of aD area is essential to good p'."n JDK' .. Without lhiH and I:he prep&nluon of • p~ boahytnp8 .r:n.-.Y Dot be used I!freclivel,.. Boobytra,p teama are best suited to tun"ey' a
eomba t area to d~rmjDI!! I.... Plan. 01 0,-,. ....

ec:.at mote" ~1re

and: Oll~ tittle more

1dVe-

its boobyb'apphl:l'

~jlM

IltiM..

with lnOveJDe:ot p]D,D8 is ea tremely essential. Boobytrape ahould not be IBid ill Qre&EI where friend1y troo"P8 will :remai n fOJ' .-r
&ppreciBbJe
wh
r;~

his plana with.ott:.n- taetieal plan..a. Timing of boob,1n.p open.ti.ons

~ The ~om:mander with authority to use boobytrape coardipp tel

and whf!!n it will to... rtan.fll""] ..IJ!rt t 1¥. b-!-.npA 3

len.rth of time. Plans \fln indleate what fa

to be doD~ ta ~ 1IlW!d.. ('~ ....... l1y

I

12
•. A,..,.U,I TO CUtIOSS,1" klO.l'1I.AI"S LAIO I~ IOtD PO:s.mOM TO DIU Ii ,.... QJ ... 01tI II;IT oUlV L llii.
0. KU" DU .... r .00 ... IIJ.",I tC+lII:rr!N'It y , IlPEArm, IU.T !NCOUu'Gf CAUL~So3I''H:.li.:l'_-~ .N OIIVIOU) liool,,", ... ' MAY J...o~I!' ,l,NrII '[I~A"J A M 0 DlAIlt. "I' 01'&.

1CC11'tb.n Mill.~ .1: IAI ~m. 'rH1I! UHnnt'1 ED g "ONAlIOt-! Of A. .o!U.'Y
ACTIDN

It.

WR5

trained t.roops i!lr"e &S'!!ijp_ed such t.a.abr ~_ 'Tl-iP.! rla-n Rnthn ...'F.P.& tJ,p J[!'V.! nf ~.r':ap.!1JI i A.nd t.hp. i¥1WS* anli derulltiP.l! i"etIuind ill ~fied aJ"ftLS. dependi ne. nn thlP: terr.ain ~I ~1'1111!1 T~ lIII" d m~WTi a 1 ~ v.ii I1111:JI.e• TM romplKioD ot tM detai 1~ plan i3 delepJ:ed! 1:0 the t:ommall der respoMl ble fol' i.nataU• ..tion. .M.at.criAlD lire Dbtnincd from uni:t DUPPly l5Wlrn on thl! 1xwU.~ Df 'ib£ proJXl.~ actioa. G.. Gomplf!'te I(oordinatio:o b!lWeI!Il the 'b oop (:.(.JIJI1..l)ldu and UII!' DMcer mperviJDng boub:t l:t ap .activiti es is eMential. The area .dmuld be ev.aeu.ated immedi. tel,. f()llowing the c.ompletioo of the job. rl. 'The commander installing boobyb-aps prepares & detai Jed p1&.n indieatiBg the site an.d the location~ number" type,. and settilll'. He e.saignK boc:Jbytrap teams to specific &rftQ and the layinc of 8peci ~ fled types. The plan coven auanpmenta tor· supplies Md tranApor. ta.tIon and desi patm the location w here an :pre)imi nary wurk: on toobytta ps will boa d~D&.Thna tahJw, are eat.abLiahcd to iI1lJllrt COlOpleLion of the work to -tarn1l1y with withd rawal pbase8 01. tactical plans.. e. In hasty withdrawal~ when there is DO time tor planning~ ekh karn wiJJ be DTI!n a .&1IJlP1y of mat.eriallllith imtnlttiom f O. bLiliuX the beEt poas..:."bJe U2 of it in the time aDowed. f.. Boobytrap planning :must give ~ cooalden.tion to all known charactet'istit:$ of the enemy. MmrIhem of team,., should study tb.e pen;on.al habi bs; of enemy ~diers~ oonatantly devi.PnJ' nIW methods to 8Ill'prise them. Repetitions may soon ~ a ]lattern easily deted.ed by an alert enemy. (J. With drawal operatiOD& are the lJ:IQ8t desirab1e 01 allfor-lByinz boobytnt.ps. WhelL an enemy meets a boobytup at the flnt obzrtar;~ hiM ~ thmu,rhout Ute ard l'rilI be dekyed eve.:. t!wugb DO others haYe been la.id, A few deadly boobytraps and lll8lI..Y dummies, laJ.d indiet;rirninatelYI can irutp.i~ anal em nOD. Dummies. however ~ !Jho.uJd be 1UlaernC8B.ble or w.eleas item 9.. Never throw ~w.ymaterial tb..&t may return in p1.ague friendly fon::ea !
t

DII'CH.fI! THI!M IN10 AlItA.

aool",llAr 14A' .sc..."n noo~:; o.
A

INChIIO.A.

y 0 I! EXII'1051VI:

14

M.O U .11: n'" LArD ........

s.ctIa. HI.
1:!5.

..nALI..Ano ...

12. l.emtlan af Char." (l. Prs"a-rati~ n.. Small compact boabytraps ue the rno.st des.it"eable for use in raids ill en emy- held terri tory, Eac h mem ber or a tam must carry hla own supplies and be able to operate independmdly. Boobytrap.s sh au to be aesernb 1 except fOT the- attaehmen t ed, of the firing devic@. before entering @nem)· territory. TIllI!I will

a uthorii:ed to use boobytraps is responsible for all within his zone 0, r et-:m.nlan d. He will keep RdeqrItt.te records &hawing their type. D om bel;..R nd Joe stion, and Prepllh intotmllticm OIL tileR laid and on praetk.. follollf"eci by the 8nP.Ul.Y. IJ.. llanagement of boobytrap 8et'Viees may be d elep.ted to th..e engineer 8b.ft' offleer~

onsaMllIiM G.. A rnmmander

...

POOR

MAN'S

JA1wiES

1\0:\11) ... .;01.

]

239
talwJ:b'. BoobTt;rap installation.!
nuipnCl minef\eldJ, ~~

B O()BYTRAP S
are reported and recorded .u the area l!ontaiDll both boobyb"apa

c. UDit eommanden
in their U'U8 lin: aJ.o rspomJible

reporting to higher heNJqw.rters all ..,. and minea or baobytr.-ps Uone . .i1!fonution obtained on enem.y buobytrap& a.B~ d.. 0flIeen :r~DAib1e fOT lsying boobytnpa. prepare plan8. (1)> TbiJ is tranamitted by the fastest mea. av~ lable con&iatent with Bignal aecurit)'". 1t i~l udea the Ioe.atioo of supervi.la preliminary preparatioDs" and direct their installa.tion. They forwm-d to proper author} ty a. detailed report of their prothe boobytrapped ares. 8~1ec~ tha numbe:r and type of ftliD. to ha laid (if antitank mine .. are bootrytr ..pped) r .... ., actrise all eo:nc.er.ned wtJm. !"!hanges alft! rn.ad-e. and I'ePl'rl to "'cmeer intelliren~ nnib t}, e diswvery 01 any new etleblY bocbytraps to be laid the estimated 5taninr a.d eompJ.etdDi.c:-.t!!II 0[" low--c:tl.Il.nina' Pf&Ctiees. ina: _tim~ and the tactit.:al pur pose, "I'M repOrt b ImtJa ted e, Eng; neer and in lAntry uniu. with sp«.ial training, have the by the eommander a uthcrized to 1&y the- 6eld. and forrBlpoaaibility of iJatalliD«' md DeuUalizjDe' boob,-trapa. SiDce warded to hi;rher he. dquarl~r!l. (2) ItM:tiGt-itMl 0/ l.ayi1lQ. This report bJ b:'aDsmitted by the ...t.eqnate :nnmt..era of trainees may mt aiway3 b@: am lable, all IiNopi U'e given familiarity jroItruetion in boobyb'apping. f...-te.t mean. available c.onalatent with aiJll8l MCUrity. It c:ontam, the loea tian and ~tent of the fte].d, tata1 om· 16. .. ce ......... berminea And boobytrap:a to be laid" aad. .timated Lite all activities in volvjng explosives. boobTl;fappiq is dantime ot eomp letSon. The oomman.d~ of the unit lute 1]i.,. ;protl4 onb' because of mi sta.ke1l men ID.B.ke. Preacri bed methods

must lmew the location o£ aU b;tobytn,p. and keep all !lubonHnaw so advi5ed. Su.bardi.uteI

tor

'"tm!.

t

at
~

mllSt be followed explicitly in th~ jlltert..~ f)f personal saf.ety and overaD ~eetivme&SL II. Before ...~biying a beobytrap, aU componen'b sho\lld be lapecbd for !JiI!I"IJic:eabi lity. They must be complete and iD workiQ' order ..~ ufeties.ar.d trigger-inr deviees must beehaed to luure proper action. and for rust or dents that might inlerfet1!: witb metJwdeal
a.et:lCD.

M

.".!'"'t'JII..... ;.,.,. .,--, ~.I'lr-r:._


r-- _..

..

--

16~

1_;r

6F

j

•, ...
I

iii

-

"m

~5 moo report to MIItrO] man bet ore gol ng eLsewhere~ " One P63Dn in each team is dftaignated leader to direct aU work. If pouibJl. rnembets of & team will avoid wor-king -cloH totrether wbm3 a ~p is assembled. One member should do all techDital W'Ul'k and. th-e othi!r be 8 bel per to ~arry supplies, ptO\-ride asei,.tane" needed, and learn the ~ll:l needed+ e. Boobytral)s laid durinl raids in to enemy held territory ahould be sma 11. aimple, .and easily install ed. Each mernber of a PartY ma.t carry the !UppUes he needs. The use of boobytra ps under t.lume COIlditions., ~ JlCCUr8 te l'~o:rd.a &re .im.pos;s~.a. lll&y be .. huard to fri=dly troupe i1 raid! into the !LUIU! area. should beeomeneedUl'7.

..ut DJlke certain that every man 1mOWB his job BDd .is toUIjiI'te;at to do it. TSDUJ win nma.in BepaJ"Bted .. that one n..y llOt I!Al.ffer trua.. I:IH! mUtake of anotIu!!r'. WJ.I!O & job ja eompleted~ aD t-...

b. U. boobytrappiq- plan ia JWt available. ODe mUst ~ prerand 011 arrival .t the site. 80 that th e material DbWnm will be RJqIlired item.. only. A centnl conttal point sheu ld be ertahUKhed in e.ch boobyt:n..p area where SQPp1if!8 may be u.nlokded ud hGm which direetiona may be given... In &reM where: mAny boobytrapl are mn.. c.m.tn.ted, safe ps spa ge rou tea from the control. point to -each ka.tioD. mo.t hI= marked elear1y~ Line! or t.-~:m&J' be uaeful wbete Yll*tion ia heavy. The fontrol tn.a.n u. the key mand Co Several tea.nvI may operate from one amtrol pobrL Ea.cb. (n.reJy more than 'two men) is aasillled to a 8P«ltk area IDII nppliM are iMued on1y .&9 needed. Eaeh detail eomTDlllMlg

f
'10

· •.
'!:
11
,f

r-

I

-_
r~

--..E..

-:J_jj, ~ A #: .,~
." ... '" «i _-

----:u
.-....

1- ,.III .ft -

........ ~

II".... "". ., ~
~...........

...
'I
r-

I-~
~,

~__"...
......_

...........
t

~

.._..,JAo,.~

...

.......

1" ................. ~flWlI"'~~~.....,~

1III..i.~

... -.JI ~

.,. """" ..-".. ~..... " _.,.. J

';---"'"

~

_

... ~

u ,. .......
I'.;

._.,~

_hi

~

. ...
'"

J

.. --- ..~-- ...
·

r...;

..
;.;;:

,-

,..-

/. !Toeadare tor iIurt.aillng' boobyb'ap:!l. is aa follow.,: (1) Select the site that will produce the optimum effect when the- boobytra» ~. actuated. (2) Lay the charge. then protect and conceal it. (3) A~hor the boobyb'.ap securely "ith nails. wi rei rape, or wed.pa. if neces5al'j" (") Camou Ha.re or conceal, if necessa ry. (fi) Teama arm boobytra ps Iy:rtematically. wor kinr ~ward
I
&

a ute. area,

(6) Leave the boobytr.pped &rea clean. Can7 away all itema ~t might b-etray the work that hM been done, such as Iootie dirt, empty boxes ta~ and broken vegetation. ObI iteTate footprin ts,
I

Boobytrapa ~ l'8ported aDd r~rded. for the irdormation of tactical eammanderl! and the prot.cl:ion uf friendly troopa from

17..

............

1ec...:I1Ig. ond Martini

tt.1lehI !I8IlCIa t.ke report to Ole comlNLDder thaI. di.nded: him 10 laJ' it. (8) Cotll~ The r1!pori of COmpletiOll ia tn,MmtttaJ. by tU :faat.t pouible meanL It eonbin. u... rmmher pel

POOR MAN'S JAMES

BOND

Vol. 3

240

BOQBYTRAPS

ttPe of bor4'tJ~ laid. )r,eatIcm aDd cteat at tta. ... ar u. aM. the tilM at. eanpl.t:ioa. TU tiijWRL II :r.... warded 'to &nIQ' ... Whea booby'-wa. VI ~ eftbar -lone or with. min_, the Npori 01. mt.d. aad b report of iDiti&tiob 01 J.,i:aa' will Iadad. the IIt1aJted Iltmlbar of boobJtraPi to be plaeed. aDcl tb npart of ampIet:iMli tM mamber p1Iced.

~-------------------11~.--------------------------~

awropriata B)'IDboL Boolqtrapped ana or balldinp are J.ett.ertd .... Jb'••~ beiq;the DMrMttothaenemy .. (2) The .mrltert bp-, 1oea~ aud m&thoda r}'f OperatiGIl of hoeb:ttr.iPl are _tfnd ia the NOTES aed:ioD. of th. fOl'QL If 8~ ..... j .... additiaaal Meets :may be .ttacbed. It tbe booby trap CIl1IIOt be adeqoatel.J' df!l!lf!rlbed in & few Bhort ... teneeI, a Ibtch of minim&..-n .d -rl.a.I...Ia will be jncluded. . (8) Tha...m:fa prepan.d. ~ with th. ...,..... f a 1Iae boob)'trap aDd lDnr.rded thnnQrh eh:umek!I to ..... 1eveJ. with.. .w.;,.. If • Bt:mdud fm-m .. BrIt .&n.n.b~ the da.t. nq;d:t aJ IIl1JBt; be mband. &Dd. IDhmitta! .. ail. E:a:JW«fi.,.t for .... (4.) Nuia.nce min.1I.Ida eont.JnJne both mi •• ad. boobytta .. lin ...aorded .. ~ ia FJ( ZO-32. 'WHD tba IJM" l$e IoeIttCdlI 01. boobJtn.JII ud maaat.ctwed ~ ,..nr-C be ~ N-

thtl'tlDdard mla. BIId r&coJd imm. n .. :It ID u foUcnra: (I) TIle ceneral loea.tiona uw aIwwn GIll h :latch, ualq the

6. ~.

BDubytra .. ~

~

... 'D.pl

_1M .,..,. 0lIl

11

CHAPTEI 3
IOOIYTIAJIPING 11. L...... cHon
M'DJ' ~

s..,....

IOUIPMENr

I. RBNG DIVICU

Iadude fURS, j_.:U tent .and ftriD,K dnic.. All U.8. m.dazillI.riq' devieeI bye the followibl' a,dvan taps ov.r 1mprori .. tions. eatahoorded~ 1Qiq in opa8 anU) tbeir Dumb. aad b'Pe are liahed supply, .peed of inat&. nation, depen dab ili ty of functioniIlJ~ __ &I m the DOts IWIdion of the form Uid iderdflw" ..,. crid COOl"- Nliltance to weather. and aafety. All .....V8 a mudard baR COllPLiDa' b7 wb1eb they m.ay readily be attaehed to • variety of ~harreL For diData l\ .... .....,~ BoobJtraPl ani marbd_ by 1I)JI!Ci.1 'triap]a:r slp.I more detailed information see TM9-18 7&.200. FIll... Dftlc. ,.t.w red 0Jl boIb ..... On tha aide fviq &WQ' Iruiiii the c1aqer I'. MIA1 Pr....
is eent:.nd. in .... "triaDt'le aDd. .. word BOOBYTRAPS is paiDted in ....bite acrGa tu IDp iii. 1IDch Iettar& STAN AG ~ IlIW ...... ia .; .. Dar ~ fClr'th-.lIbch wi:LJ:liI!!Ildzipe below the lD*'TiptiOb. Sip'~ IN .... of metal, -CiILAl. JJlutie, or similar mater.I.al. TtaeJ .are placed .aboYe pcMlnd,
l1l'i&, & 8-:iam. diameter

dev:ieea art available for uae in boobylrap&.

Th.eJ'

white ~

~ C~"'NL
c.Iw

n.

.....

c..

.........
.z"

D • Iii

l f•

rll....

ai .Act14il

t 1II1i-' ... ....,_ 10 ••
~M ... _ .....

ce

:I~"."_III

1'1&Il~

apg. dowDwa.rd., dow ...... Other obj d.e 01' b7

DIII!d bJ all traapI to i~ frieDdJ7btxttJtnPl dariq tile paiod "' .... i,.. -.ithc.tn.'InJ lnta _: --. 07 to 'ft.lIn IriaKIJr' fOl'Ol8 of the piIWI'J1CB of ACtin _ ,.,. boob,tr:ape. 1&

..nmc

"an

po'"

GIl

wit. f_:-. tree.. or ~

jq

the .pa iD. tM pamuI..

n..

...m-

~

......

.It"

."It...

1c..,..1iI. ~ rtlI.. ....

............ """..,.'1.
~,.Ib"'llri ~, ... ~

~"I

Thltty t.iJp14 i5III ......

ID.

the trinv pin downward until the atrik!r .piDdle paa.ea tMaqh the keyhole .aM. Tbb rtieaaea the striker to ftre the percuaai(]D cap.
prMIlln of 20 potlllda

A

b.. ~.

or more

OIl

the

preEUI'e

cap moveI

..... 1tT1V1 G.U'
..... ININGI ..... ...oa: AnACKI ..1IJ ...... ND C-"

..-an:a ..

20.

~~

wire.. ete... are removed.. ... 8igtu_ 811&8 are a160 uaed to muk CUIRl7 booby't;t&JIII or boobyb-Qpad &r-. all
DlU'~
1

tL ~~

When .....

dnam. • booby trapped area

M the
0.

IfUtalli.tf,Q.
(1)

...... McnJ!
aCT

eap from bas! ami crimp on ..... eItIetrk bIutlnr up. cnt:f.J'ett lAW' .AnZrI It. pIac" /GrfA,w tA.aa ~ 11K'1 IrMA ~ eM 01 ~1sdiIt.I _.

RcDove ~ve

tIGI

POOR MANIS

JAMES BOND Vol. 3

241
and

BOOBYTRAPS

(2) A"",bJe S-proupd. preuun bad &ftd. u;t.eukm.1Od ICtIW' hl top preuure C&PII If II;I!IIIIII. (8) Attech ftriar -devj~ uaembly to .ttud&rd heM

or

(C) Attaeh

t:rmr

dnia ••ymJjJy

m eJwwa

...,..._ If
.... ·1

~

Mia

It! ...........
_~ ....

~

....

e: llUklli'q,
(I) R.emave protctiv. i2p. (2) W'Jth crimpen, attaeh bla.ItinJ' cap to _dud ... ~ jhll m.w b. plGet.d .,. f.rlUr ,.... 1"* ...... of~ eup.. (3) AttIcb. 'ftriq devie& A" mhlJ' to d1arn.

* ...

.. DYta
(I)

CI) R.pJaee a1tty ~

weVPDhok

tum

n,...

tla5uWI IGAID

at

wire. Dail. or

2'

ariIiul pm ill ~
III

PIll FJRIIG

o
f...ten other -d to pull ItJ/.tv pU..

(a) Separate ftrfDs dmee and apIoIi.,. bloek.. (IJ DIlICI'nr .taDdari. baM ',NInbJ;T from :ftrtnK dmce.

ilaftilable.

lEVa

4. A.,.".'_,

(1) ABeIlo:r trip win and

nne.

(2) Rmnovi

:at,

loc::kina aaI-ety pin 1lnt and ~t.uJl~

r

~lCL

••
L~

M ...... D."_
.............

II.

11.... &111 ... • t

........ AcII.

...

31 •••

MII'"

Dintnai1Lg. (1) IDMrt nail ..lenl'th of wiJ:e. or or igi nat wet)' pin in poa1~ ti". aalety pin hole ~:nJt, (2) Tnaert & 1imJ1a:r pin in 100ki.n:r safety pin hole .. (8) Cut trip wire (4.) Separate ftrins device and eh.aJp,
II

.... ...., ...
7 • •

...
............

aTlI'
_,
.,
t

,

, d' I -..I

.r.J

........

41..., ...
(;1.1" ....

\\1 I '}/rt---<.I

__

t .....
aIIiI

dlllIn) I .._ ,.iiiI1IIIIIII!

,

'

....

.1'

liIl'f"

1. M3 ,.,...........
&..

Rri.. D.-.

CMr4Ct IWis tit•.
~

.un.. mp.

pia tram

b. ,....~. A. pall rd' a to 6 Ib.

~

win wHIIdft, .. &apeed .. of nimH Ja.d of .triter..nu. fI • .tribr to IN: tile JB'CID"
011bip

D

......,...

,

• ...,,111....
-iIt!! ...

...... IIIiM4I nh ••

1.....

~I~' •
6 .. 10 ...

...

11:...

fill ......

POOR MAK· S JAMES

BOND vci , 3

,_,. .... .,It:ift. ....1 ......... triJIII

...

242

BQOBYTRAPS

two. 10-" 1I"w I.

21
b.

ftII'tM~ 11II1II ~ ~I

F'~,.,.
(1) Pull.

,..,

....

1...............

M

j aw.!!II then .priq CJgeD.1 releuin, (2) Tenaion ..rn-. Iprins-driven
JOIU1'fil!!! SAI'Ul"

A Jull of. .. to 10 lb. OIl t&ut trip win. rai_ reIeBI@ pin until ahouJde:r ooDStriction In ba.rftl. Tba .triker

p.".

ltrilIer

to fiN perelJ..I!ion

e&p..

Releue of tension {eattiq of t&ut tripwire)
.trik&

release a.nd :lire tIN

»ereu gjon

permits to mrove 101ward.. IIIIIIP&rate from
cap.

"

~11
12.. L~

as ... , ......
caa.ce

..r..
w

Daaa

....
c..

.,

.. _II ••

I'. "1,1'

",T'
11116

........
••••

,
~~

.....
.l.i:ftiq" ~or~

, "11 ..

..t.w-t~

-~ .......... .....
~ IiMI ..

• eul·z1

;J

,...
._.

..........
1

wtt'·,,_,

jI!

_

..,...

0.11'

...... •• ;t .......
fJ.

1t. II...... _ IIINI ,.111

,'

.....

' ' ..............

5 ..

_1.&

l....sllin'. i

( 1) Remove protective. e.&p. (2) WIth erim.pen~ att.:h blQt:iq cap

(I)
C "')

;a.ws ~"'1dd be ~ /f"aM ~ eM of bktNttg CCIPCrl~

ftO

IfJriJy,

to atandtad base.
t~ +i

tt. ...... t" wjm

retabllDa" welrht m..• .tnbr
cap.

tD ftnI

m.
.

end in hole in Wi11(:h.. (6) WHh knurled knob draw up tdp wire until Icckiq wety pin iI pulled into wide partjOll. of safety pin hole..
26
..,'

Attach fbi:Q1' device '" embly tc &nehGred ebarp (mot be firm moUCh to -.ithatand puU 01 at ]MSt 20 lb.). Seettte OD! end at atp wire to anchor and place other

e&Jro

.... fi~

...

I

a... _
Ii. Af"JIIifeQ. (1) With cor.l .-enove BlIlall eoHe:t pin hum lormq ..reb" p.iD. and wlthdmw lockiq' mety pin. If it .to. nat puO
otd; ep'; IT, adjut winch wincliDa. (2) W"'Itll co~ pull oue poaitive 1I.fet;r pilL TIlia IbouId pall

out easily. If not,

aDd. ~

e, l~.

(1) :rn.ert

Bend alithtly to prevtCt dropPinl' out. (2) Remove ema11 eott..: pin from wet)' pin. (3) Hckiiq reJeIM • te dOWZl,replace at'1t7 pia with IIqth of No. 11 ~ Bend wiN ali,htly to prevent dnppIq'

&

len.rth

17 of l~

wire In lutlreeplor

hole.

out.

(4)

Itemoy.e protective eap from baM aDd with eriapn.

tAaft ~ itu:i, fNJiM. ... t.c: (5) Secure firina: device P" ::mbly in c~

att.adl fM'fiu:r-

bIutlns

C&D. Crimper

i...,.

.1IOMl4 PHI pia.....

£If ~,..,.

...

1M

POOR MAN'S J~S

BOND Vol. 3

243

II\LL.

d.. Af b"*a.

PftESSORE

BO.UID

(I) Place l'estra.iDi nr wei&"ht on top of liring device. (2) ~. WEt. wire from .afety pin hole. If wire doea

d.. ATIHDag .. (1) M~

....

cane 0'1'1 ~ 11~ restnlDln, wais'ht u. either iMuftlc1ent or lm~17 p1aced. (8) Ram,",,, heavy wire from intereeptorho]e.ltlhould~

not

(2) t'ti, wire ~ (a) Attach one end of hip wire other I'D pulIl'inI"~
(b}

iwitIAtioL 1leIImv.

satlt7

pin.

to

anchor .stake ucl the

Remove atldy pin.

freelJ .. N okt WitMraW til,,", tuir~ pie aMd ~ Ull lat. FfIIlotI Ir'IIiftg 11'ocedWf'f!
28

.,.,.,fu

wtr~·

.. DiMf'M.,.
(1) lnaert.

lftlatb.

~4
or' gina1
5af.f!ty

of heavy

iQe

(2) Separate :ftrJng dewice frem charp...

EA.o .lig41",t dVtu"~4M~ D/ ~M rt!tTaining weight ....igAt initiate tAe Itri"" dft,'1£e. ..

Bend wtr. to prevent

dropptnr ~a.t. ~"d

'VP'ire in. interceptor hale.
f!Q'f'"lJiwllIlJ

,. ~~.~~.
J"l.i __

l_ ...

(1) !dert length of wire., nai., or
pia hole.
(2)
C 3)

pin iD Mfety

Separate ftrinr device from charge.

Bemo:ve trip wi re,

IlEITltA~NIPIG WT
tAT LEAST B LI

I

S-:i."TIl

,;.-..;;....__-

....

TtIT

M. I-s-....

... C~

DeIar .......
..

r:..

This dnice cow'ma of & pall-type rue .lighter. 8-I!ICODd l_rth of fase. aad a blastiD2' cap.. Th..a blAd:ing cap .is protected. by • tranait caP.t SCl"8'WC on the ~
~"QI. ip.iter t:hrouIh the flub tmnpollJldt ignites the time fuse..
OD

A strona' pull

the T-ab&ped handle dra... ttl.
tAll,g

ft, ..

frieti.Ub

dpme tbat

II. 15-S1q.... 0.1.... Ddanatar
.. C~ia. ThiI device con.iatB of

lesth of fue" and blMtJnl' 'r-&p. Th.8 b'. din, cap is protected b7' a trauit cap .acr•• ed. an. the bue.

&

pull-fricticl1

!u.e ia'nit." 15-aecond

!Ito Fu,"tiDtt.i1ig. A Itroq' pu 11 on the pull ring dl"a'W'J the friction !Piter tIlroulh, the "Ph eompound <t.ausml • flame 1Vhic.h ignites 'the i1me. fusa.
t

POOH MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 3
....arec:Ju.

244

BOOBYTRp.,FS

,+.10. IAotdd IN pica,,!
(fi) Secure·

M

l~rtMr tTuza i4 .....1rfm&.

DPIW

"..

of bluem.Q' fJIIP·

firinl dftiee "lemhI)' In de&tttlctoY and tbea In

eba~

c.l~.

(1)

(2)

.s.cure dmce
SAIIfn'.1N

UDaCHW tranaitcap from bue.
in cI:Larp.

rec. ~[],_....,..... •........_.____.,
4. A.,..,..q. (1) Kanual illitiatiooD; ltaoove

CZ) Trill wire initiation. to pull rinJ'..

.:reV

piD.

4. AnalftQ .. (1) Craah ampale by lqUeain&, the coppar particm. of c.... I) Ittrdoft -.feb' drip.

e

(a) Attuh one end of trip wire 1m ardaor ttab .... tIw othc

(b) RemDve afet;, pin. ~ ..

---.......
.. Di:I&"",,,,,,,,.
(1)

.1
••

UU.....,flUtUi.

TAan .....

&tblinc ia DC--.ry'~1Mert
iupeetiOD bol ....
M1

ta/I..., tJI d"-"",",,,

an itnproviaec:l

t"

/11.--;'"1# cI.mce_ If

Mf,q ~D I:hrou.ab

cu..

IDMrl leJIrth of win,. aail.

!U

01' .,

La ,.,.

pID

16..

(I) Remove trip wire~

hoZL

a..C~.
c:~

"'.WI
c.Iw
CD

hi· 1IIri,. OewIn ...
1M ... III eM

(I) Separate ftrlna- device from eharp.

fl·/

L

W

i ~. II.

"' 2 ..

•• 1wtMId ~

...........
I ....

.... " ••
.. ..

1.......
II1II" .....

II

u~ •• DtI.,. Rdnv
LC~.
~

D.vIca

' 'JIIII'

....... .....

c.r.

D."""'aJI.
~

""_'I'IIII

71 II III

.......... .,....................... f" .• ......
l

I......

AdII.

~

",.

".~.

".,...

41 .....

, ....

4aIII ....

Uf'I:lr.,._l'I!IIOdq :r.vwaln. wef.IIlt 'tDIlatp,h ... .... .crIIr. fA ftn pcenulOll cap..

, ftI...

~""kW

L

["iii"".. (1) Imled. 1cld1 of ~..,. .... win iD. ib~ 8M -d -illtUb' to pJenIrt dreppiq oct. C:I) HaWq doWD Iatdl. 1 EiDOft uletJ" pia. ad ~
~ 01 tIdn wire.

boll. wtth

.,.1~.
C 1)

(I, Bcnove pmleetive eap. froc:Jm hM. aDd willa ena..,.. .t:t&eh DOllelectrlc bIu'tiq cap. cn._ i- .o.w ... %. .. '10M'" twlll, IIIuCiIw'
(4.) ....

Select d.niee ofpropv delq. (Z] IDMrt D&11la I.Dapediou hole to mt. are tIta, tItD8 .. .... not been re1talecL (3) Remov. protdIye cap from b.... C41 With uimpera, atIaeh bl&ltt ... cap to b....

,lIr.,."~ ",.. ....
rr. ad

C,..._,.

(IS) Attar.h

'.h.. "'ptr, MOl1a:hie bl·.tjn. ap, .and. dpIoUft .......
uNe leqtb of dekmeMq r.enI, ..
of ~tIp. cord to bIIltiq CAP ... III MM1M device with bidiOD tape. al10wbc lID.. of dlllmltlDI oord to ext.t&i bay(and joint.

POOR MAN'S
~

JAMES
LlI6N1'WIRI
~~

:<::::. A

...

BON~

\/0141

3

245

ROOBYTRAPS
end. Each chai n i.E- pac ked j n a h.a V'c'""Sack.and two haversae k5 iD, • woodeD box..

,........
....-r ••
....

~1IJWfD1

~ TD ~ ttl. Ale ..... 1I!rT1. CAfI

\ m:' ....

UfI

4.. A rMitt6r

(1) PLaee

~traiDhll' we1&bt on top of IriQ' daviee. (2) Kamove WI! wire irma afetr pin hoJe. It It ao. not come out ··ily, ~ ~t ill eith .. .insufBci_
improperly piAeed.. (8) Remove heavy wiN froID. interceptor hole.
01'

e, ],IS DemolitiOn, B!oc k (Tf! t 11I tot). The MZ demo] iticn block ie
pa~r wmppet'. It haa a tmeaded cap in each end. Ei«h.t b loeb 8 re packed in • b.aTer&aclI:. and two haversacks in B woodf!n box.. en.t~

In an &BP~t

NOH" P7'0eud ccrefitU!l.

,,~n

imprernated

TNT

tNT!RC:EPTOA

.. l'KIa""'~.
(1) ~

HCt..E

HEAVY GAGE

Jrwm. length of beny r-n wire in j nterteptar B.n4 ...,-ire to PreYeDt droppinw; wLr. (2) tnaett lenrth or thin 'Irire in safeb' pin hole, if
poaiblJe.
(B) Separate ftritti device u"etnbly
SAFETY'
WIRE I~

...,

W'RE mreflll4l u t~ ,HgA.tm c&turbnee-,,' rulnIt.IOe1f'At ""~~ ~.l lef,er aid ~tt eM wnu.

.koJe.

and explosive

charp.

T~T
e,

HEAVY GAGE 'MRE
s.ctIen II.

Ji6AI. lh-nwlUimt Bloek (Cmnporifw. C"'). This i8 & white pluti.~ exp"Josi\·e mere powerlu1 than rnT bat withaut the odor of C3. E;aeh block i~ wrapped j n plaauc: eoveri n.r with ..
t

DIMOUllON

II

threaded cap well in eaeh end. Twenty-four blocks
in a wooden 1:10%.

8.l"E'

packed

MATEltALS '011'" InrllfllWtM.n ....

27.

1:...... and Ace_rift .......... fMJ.2J .,.. TM 9-13'5 ..201).1

«. TNT. Thi& iI iUlJed ~I1 lA,. II! and I-pound bloeb in a. cardboard eon t.a.in.er ·wi th lacquered metal ends. One end hu a threaded c.ap wfdl. Hal f~ nd blocka are obt&lned by e IJ lPOll tiq' a l-pound p:B.C kqe in the e~Dter.

,. Jll1# Demoldioft Charge (ComporifiOft. C4). This i8i compoa:ItJ.a.n Ct in. & new paeJcaze meuunq 1 in. x 2 in. x 12 in, Ea.eb block has an adhesive compound on on e fat:@. Farther
lniOrma.tiDD La not a valtmJa. ~~ Jll1 B ~liUotI CIuJ1'Qe~ The :M118 dJafil! i. composed PETN and plasticlzera. The detonatiq rate fa approximately 2:B ,000 ft. pc' IMICODd_ Each paekqe t.OIltai III tOIll" aheJ!t.a ~ fax 8- ill. X 12 in. Eu:h liheet h.u 8J1 adhesive COfllpoUnd on one taee. Further In!ormation iI!I un.va.! lable, L~ B..Composition B II a lush exploaive with a Alatin effedi veDe8I bil'ber tho TNTjI and more aenaitift.

or

II. .111 eM'" DemDlitiatl.Bkleb ('r~t.r}Jt.()t). Th.l.ll explosive een-

am. of

ejeht 2~-pound t.etryto1 bleeka cut II incll.es apart Dnto • lingle line or deton.a.ti ng cord. wrueh extends 2 feet
beyond the and hlocb. All blor;k:s haVII a tetryl boG!d@r in
Me h

POOR Y.JU(' S ~tES
Becla.-

BO~JD "'(101. 3
$'

246
power. l~

BOOBYTRAPS

II UMd In eertain baaga10re torpedoes and .in abaped chaqeL

01. ita hieh deDtonation nde

...m ~

i. PB'l'N~'Ihla is used in datonatin&' cord. It D one of the ~
pa..

1ul military uj)lo.tiv~ equl to nitrodrCtl'.Ule .ad BDX. In detonatinr cord. PETN" lw: a. .eJoaitT ,ate of 21,000 feel: peraet.()lUi.

.l,.....

;. A -.a.toL A.mAtoI~ a. mixtu~ of am moDium nitrate aDd TNT, hal • relatl'?~ eff~ti\T'en6!ll! higher tb&n that of TNT. ADiatoi
(80/20) is used.

in the ballpJOff! ·torpedo.

Ie. 1WX? Thil is the base ~harl'e io the M6 ad. M1 eleetrie and Ilmwleetrie blasting catJs~ It ls bigb1.Y HDsi·tiv, •. and has a abattEai.n.l effect secoad only ~ nitrorlycarine..

SLACK POWDER
CORE' FIBR·E WRAPPING
39

l Ih~Cont.
(I) TIp". laM 11.~ consist of a flexible bmidei 8elIJnoo Jais eoUon tube ft lJed wi th PET N. On the oub.ide 1:1 &

COVERING

OUTER

lQyer of rayon with a wax &"tllD MrnposJtion finjsh. Type II_ the larger. diameter .and rreater te.n.si1e sf.nmgt.h.
.&

layer of uphalt covered by

pain\e9. abna.iv~ banda at5 .. 00t or 90..inch. intervals. Alth~i'~ 1

the bumiDi rate i, uniform (about 40 seconru:. ptr foot). It should be te. ted. befOrE- using by burni ng and timi ng a: 1+foot leqth.

BAND

BftASIVe

LENGTH

MAIiiiIICER$

FIBRE:
WRAPPING

a. MtfO'_ LiIl"teY ..
(1) TOo Nt(lU:

EXPLOSIVE
(2)

specl&! smooth. plutJc eoverin&, deSiped

TvPI! IV. This is ajrnjlat> to typo I ~d II, exeept for the

llne~8w· ~hefuse hold~,. ~p~ rem:Qve ,mp¢nq plug. insert timE!! fuse and tighten cap.
t

(2) ~

rti{Jad;

awa roup weatIwr ..

tar vilQl'OUa use

(a)

luert primel'" base and primer in end. of lighter
htrusiDg.

(h.l Put

hauling. (c) lJi:astrew fuse holder cap about lhr~ turns and insert a frllShly. cut end of time fuse jnto the- holE in the eap Until it res1B agai:nst the prj mer. (d) Tllht.en tap.
fumly
On

holder cap as shown, and screw fuse h.old.er cap

wuhers

and :IIl'"ommeta in open end ~f fu.&e

"'- Bfuting Tinv Ji't+le. T}us c:ons!8ts of blaCk ptr~;~d-e-riahtly t wrapped in layers of fabric and waterpntQfinr m..terial&. It
may be any color ~orange being the moSt common~ As burning rate varies from about 30 to 45 seconds per foot, each :rGU must be tested befo~e usin8' b)" bumiiil' and tim ing e. I.foot
Itqth.

(3)

To fire:

ft.

S«fef-M ~ ~'100. This· rue i~:ra dark green cord With. plastk cover ~ eithel' smooth or wi tit ai JlI'le fJOi n ted Rhr.aai \'1!! bands an.!lDd the 00 tsi de at I-foot Or 18-L nch intervale ud double

Not.!!. Li,hte.r ia ul1II.ble after thl! inJ«iiun
primer and th~ re.esembly

(&) Bmaove wety pin (b) PulJ on pull rina'.

of

p&rt&

of •

new

~ooR l'1A!iIS
,.. g&der~

JPJ1E;S

Bur.;.1J

Vol.

3

247

BOOBYTRAFS
".. I • 'fwrap •• Iwnp)on- torpedo is .. map

BltuMg Cam. E lectrie bJastiDK upa have three

~

of lellda ahort (4 to 10 it.) , medium (1.2 Ie l' It). and 101lJ'{50 to 100ft). The short.-ei rcuit tab or shant preYen ts accidental firi.". It lJlU8t he removed before the c.ap ~ conastell Ju the ftriri.a: cizcuJt. Mi Utar)' b.l.utilll eapI.aft required

u.. I.e

tat. ftIIad

to

m.u:t"e detonation

at mill't.M'y

explMi ve&.

,. m!U'd f1riq device, and of dCmatiq: (~~t--~~JFt~~]®~&=TI~~~(para !9): athe tlov-e hitch and two utra IeDath around the eap cordn ..t:tached by turn! .... e
M.ITAl ...

conneetlq ale!v& TbI k-dinll' .bU_ may be UIId .m.tv. in ItIr1s. ariD. t.mdJ& ThIr1 aN primed In leur ·....,..t by a Itadud tlriDl' dnici!!: • "ndlnl ftriD.w device. ~c bluUa.r cap, Imph of detonatiq' coN, primill.l' adaptv IDd. DOnaletttie blutlJw tap
with spJosiVeJ
• ann

hiP

of 10 load ...

with noR

.reeve mad

uaemblies

(steel

I

ru

q. N OK{!kctri.e Bkurti"JI OaTH. two t:n>es are available .. the No. 8 and the ~ial M'T. which resembles the No.. S in lippearance

f...

.5I-tOtf CIKU"
01

~..a

llADS

V

at either end. of the ~fn.
%9).

l.&IW'eh17;

and e~

methods

(pn.

uce)Jt for the ex}l&Jlded

OpF,.n

en d.

C
[

COffH QI
AlUloUNUM SMR.I.

I

( 117 ~~A~~~jaa~c~e~~a~~~.,~ lur securina; electric and nOJU!1ectric prlmf!l's in the ilireaded cap wel1l, of military expl08i'fe&. A ~e for euy iMartion 01 the electric lead. w1ree extends the full length of the adapter.

(I

::r-

========_11 "_'-=--=--=--=--=--=-==:::1 --~J
~~~~~~
II' P\.LL MING D!VICE D£TDNATING CORD TAPED TO NONELECTRIC

TRI:P WIRE

~

-t 111.0u"",.. NI D .. ,....eor.1b..and homiw t..iIlto datruc:"tor ... '-dad pzujd_ m{-etlEB,
~

~

e.;.. eomct
BLASTlNG CAP

leta. All 5taD.dard 1irillI' davie_ lrilh the.t.ndard bua coupll!l' -=:mr .into tbe top~

The demuctor ha!I boo8t:M c.&PI eoutainiDIf t.eb71 pal.


.If...

~

29.

M2A3 ShcIptd

This ehar~ conaists of a conical top, oonieal Hnlft'". in tea'ral $luIdoff,. thnaded elp well. and 11J,i pgunda ot u:ploalve. It Ill&)" be .l AUitGai' AcBNtar .. ThiI it • aetcmator dMJp.t for ~ lD three ".~: ~ a standard :ftrilll' deviee; .a .tandard firin .. boohytn,pJiial' aD titank miRes.. The Wp II threaUd; to I'Icli:ve devJ(:e., lHJnelecuJc blaatin,r c:aJ)1 ]~ gt detonati q' cord I pdmi nt: .u .nndJ.rd .&ring devieoe" uti tilt! ha.ae to 5erww' m MLtiitar.k 'UJ~l, IUId. IlOneleetric blutin.c ca.p: and a prim in,. RdaptM" and aUlu!I Ktivator weDs. electriC bl.a8tinl up connected to po~ sou.:rce:.
+

a.a.a.

a

USE

STO

~III"

IIIRE

CRlMPERS

POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 3

248

BOOBYI'RAPS

1

.__:-:a~'_.cl=:::::/~, •
MAPTER

IOURCE

fIOIIfER

E L!CTRIC BLAST.. CAP

&.

.1112..

II a ct.~ ..... ........ Ie the dtItoutrq eorc1 and aaaaleetrlc blutI1l.I cap aN pwr:ktd ftImJJ In the f'IIIe w.n with C4 uploalve.
..., ... &

.... tIl of ~

bT ~111' tbI taM with • .taDdanl1lriDl tII,b II1II1. • prctpIIf17 ,,","Ned ~ Of' b7 • tn.
W

II....... ... ..,. s. ......
II..

JI....-JF ' ...

~

primlq

d)Ied.

a.tn.:tor.

.upW. JlIlMlIdrie

w..tI.q

dw_

.• IIlIZE

S II... ..

MI!JI.
)

POOR :Mtt\Nt S JA~S
14........ '..... ..,.

BOND

vet ~

3

249

BOOBYTRAPS
acT'CIIAT_ ctIIIa ,.......,

TU hiP ~kIII. .. ahell ia rMdib' _pta! to baabytnppirc. the IuD 11 r&biNad and nspJaced. by I .rtand&rd ftriq: deyice ad & PlVpP'"ly.-.=...mlsl dettru.dor or a IStandud lriq ~ lmeth IJf Htoaatilll" eoret, primJq adapbtr. DDhelertric. hlutiq cap, .ad CAlI' (:N.IM PJIlOII'rI • prope:r11' .. lII'Imblled. dMtructor. If • _tractor 11 not avai1ablfJ the detonltiDi eord rwnaJeetrie bJutiDK: cap are p&eked ftrmIy ... Ai- " am • 1m. tile fuuwtll with. C4: uploaive.. A lad mlu ..,. be IIMd u tM maiD cbarp in • boubytrap by NIDO'VbIa' 1M ftIIII ad. MtaehJD. .. ItIDdard. pall or ~ n1M .......... m .. 1AIIil1_,. fuse W1IIl

and

1

,~

"

.. -PIIIl.
(I)

rQJ~R
+

'Co pr.... cbvppiq 0l1t. (2) Bamft poeiti,. cott.r pm aDd. npI&ce witlI ~ 01 tbID. win. BIad win elI.Ihtbr to })l"CYID.t d.ropplq' out. (S) .... 0'f'1 I1IuUc prot.Ktlva cap fram ItaDda.rd base .
(4) A'"

a.4l1P1101 wHIt

P w•• lrckfq utf1:7 cotter pia. in k1 pun ftriq deriee

at.,.

JIqth ~ thin ~

:a.u4 .u.~

_ble Irirc deYice~ actift~1

and mine..

li~.f"r"Juwe-&t.troN. (1 ) InNll"t J.cth of
pi

(2) Witbdn. IIahty p!~ and replace lrith 1Imdh of thitl wIr& s.,r.d win .u....IJ to prevent droppiD8' out. t (8) R '... ph'tic protecttn cap from at:.Ddard bale. (4) AM P'ble ft:rin.I dntce. aetifttor, IJld miDI.. Not&. Th. ft.rlnr derice mltd be Nt on a ftrm base. A pi_e af ?at .,.ute IIJMaed with the lUi fOf this purpose..
....

VCJt~ou.t.

u.NJ...

Q&'Q' win in iablrceJrtor hole in 11.6 ftriQ' 4nt.ce. Bead wire .u.,trtl'T to ~re-

l1li'' '.

MmT.t.M(

[R \
IIRGPEflL't 1lSSE.M8LEO DlST""":TOfI

r---•.
.....

fC.IIIY' ... 1"IItC:P"IaI

atAP1II 4
CONSrIUCftON f.IIt' .. ,••• AaHtuJr min. JUl Ia mine tIeJdI an boobyb:apped (or aetl\'aWl prim&r1l:J to "' .... ~ and eIu.riq .. dl..ftleroua, dffllr.aJt,. aut tfme MII.. pcII.ible iD, order to confu.. damorUMI delAr tb .....,. JlOIt .... Hard antituk miDel and ..., toreIp u:t5:tllllk min.,. have ~ fun MIa for IIUa pa.rpoa S. rM2O-aZ 6w moN UtlJ.led bdonnation .
L ••• lIth...,...

-ID

-J". MIE: WI.
1"EOtNlOUES

.......

"b.,1Ik

ali_.

mm....

u.s.

••

M ....
U.8.

....

of. pg.U or _ .....

_U:d.&rd

IIltitIU:

min ..........

an-hl."

Uy boobl'b"apped by ftrinr device. GP both, if

POOR MANIS
dw'nble.

JAME~ HOND Vol. 3

250

... PtUL. Dia hole to pmpm' d..,th to burT miDe on 'firm. fowdatIoa with to~ of pl 'ure plate &ml 'With or 1!IIiPt!y above

IP'O'Dl'i

level AnD. mine

before *41trap» •. IIliaht:lJ'

l.. Jlrflll'Mn-Btrl.ea.r~~ Dil' hole to proper depth to burt mi_ till ftrm fotmdat1oa~ 'With. top of preuara plDa nwI w:ltb or
aUptly above pvUnd lavti.. (1) l.. taUi""ll~

a

BOOBYTRAPS

(I) ,..."...,.

,.) Bmnove 1ocld":1 aatety cotter pin and replace .nth leqth.
of thin 1rire. Bend wire

(b) Remove

(c) Rem-tml 'Protective cap fTODl darLdard base ad .IHlftbJe

oi thin wire. Bmd wire IlLrhttr to preted
firinI: device, actiTB:torJ and miDe.

positive u.tet7 cotter pin and repIaee witb.leqth

to prevent dtcppiq' out.

dI'Oppiq out.

CAp

II

MJXIL'ARY FUZE WELL

ACTIVATOR

wb'e s1iptly to pre,ent droppin.l oal (b) Remove8&fetr pin. Appb' pressure on nle_ plate Imtil ¢n c.omeI tun easily. (c) lnaert 18JlI1:h 01 ll~ wire in Mfety pin hole aDd bed tlJ to prenat droppinl ou.f. (d) Remoq pretaeti.ve eap from nandard bMe.and .,leJDble ftrina' devie8 &etintor and min.~-

Ca'

bt8ert leqth of heavy 'Win

m

intelupt.oc'

bola. a.d

ali.,.

t

I

(e> Place min. and. ftrinl' a uembly in hole, uaiD,l preuure

board to wwe a 80lid 'foundatloa for ftriq dmee.

HIN WIRE.S
(2) A~

)
..

STO

BASE

L

~~

'-c.,.SKET

ANTITANK

PROTECTIVE CAP

MINE

Cal

ADchor one end of trip wint to dake and. futen the otIIer" to JIIIll riqJl (b) R~iIf loelAMg IG(.tr ItoVtl {Will.. (e) Reraove positive safety lat. (d)-~

E ....

.JIt:E BAilE

(e) ~

(b) c:.ntuJ;y mD09t thiD wit)" win CI¢ot'wtn.

(2) .. ,..,...... (a) CunovPIap ml-.

HE.W'T" !"TtIltCIEfI1'UIIII

-vm. hole at ...de to nmov. -r__
/lnl~ tUn. tbI bII
!-

.tM:

c&DIou1Iqa

(e) Rept.ce PQlJi ti"H! aslaty ji"st, then 1oclciQ' ~ety. (d) Cut trip wire. (tI} TW"li armin, dial of mjDe to uf 6 and r.,move
(1)

(a) Uncover earefolIJt. (b) LoQte boob,-trap assembly.

arm.mc

.

plUI-

vi heavy wire .in interceptor hole. (dJ Tun dIal on~ plate to ·sn ("'e) IIId Nplac.

(a) Uneovv miDi earehJl;y .. (b) Loc.te boabr'tIap Ml(mbly ..

(8) DiNt .....

(~)rn..t JeIwI:h.
allt7fork.

RIIJDOVI!fuse and

(.,) (h)

Replaee flPmmr plol". Recover mine 81l.d ftJing device.

rep1.ace :Safety clip.

(e)

(t)

IIlIppIq- plql (K) ReI.1mbl. mille.

'''''''K'ge

Bec:over

mine ad :fI:riq' deviee I.em""'.
P2"!8II1N p)a~

uuerew d....

tur~ aDd

~

«-..

PLUI

SH#'_

SAFET
FORK

251
HOLE
INT!:~PTOR

BUUBYTRAPS
sntibmk mine (PT-Mi-D) RO.I r pull fuze in each end. it 18 e&IIily boobytrapped by me&ll!l of w:il'e! ane hOHd to & stake underneath the mine and extended thrcqh a hole in the bottom of th.

baaniOUI to bnachill.l

ud eLearin.g partiaL Sav.inr an

that may prove exUemely

H!A\'Y WIR!----~L6

ease- to th~ fuze

pu. Ll

pill..

It. •... fIr .. p.~ .......
&

1V..

14
-

A.fiMAi

MitIc&

The CommunUt European and Asiatic armies boabytrap mines III • mu.ch cUt!enat fub.ion from that Gf the U.s.. and other NATO ronntri .. The Ge.rmau, in World War II u.aed both llJeCial antiLift drIicM u.d .atidiabrrbance fuzes, OIle Df which has been eo~ by the FreDeh.
(1)

A'fIIOffl~.
R~
1. TIle Rll";en:s. Iayjqt two 01 them" one on to» of. the otbt!ll'l ill the ..... hole.. The millel ",ee eormected by III llOV pqJllIIIe &lid & pull wire., so that the bottom mine
.au)d

(fJ.)

KotemI boohytrapped

Common iat

Chineee. and North wooden antitaDk m.inea by
10-1

NLt. "'Z!

detonate whert the top mine ...raA ltft.ed.

56
~5SUI~ BlOCK .... [ LJD
~E5SU1IE IDAA'O

'2.. TIu!: RnMiana .. phiaticaterl.

in World War 11 alao had • mon !Ilethod---a apeel'" wooden mtilift dmce. »Iaced and_ the mine. TbJa. however w:u r.dil;J' Jacated by probiq. It ecmaisted of an -outer" CI Be. & ehu&ef an MUV pu I] fuM, .. ptmaUl'e reJ.ee lid au.pport.e4 011 't1fG coil s~ aud. a .fuse ~f!:tIS hole. LiftiDI' the m.ine iDlti.a ted the antilift. T .. ~ it ~ -MflDen;tI.(.I to dimnn... Even thau.1h the preaure.-releue mipt be &!Cured by • rope or laatIL of ~ tile ehanees of additional pull wiYM and boobytl'l:p e.ha.qu &reO too JtU.t to riU. A1Io detuiontioQ. of the wooden ease from proIonpd ba.rial adda to the ditBeulty~ Ti.e ~.d ~ i&
to blotrl
~

'IIIOOS'1'(R

DfUCE

(!lOCKS,ll5Q ~ILl SNCE iN NlIM]

dI tUOOde. a.1ltitaat: ttIiN. mwd .,.,tiliftl- ...

..

(e) World
several

Wa1' II GeJ'TIt.a7tJ'. The German armies had
pressure-re.Ieaee

antitank
facaimiles
I

mines. I n a fu tu re war in EUrope., the5e
may appeal" on any ba.ttlefield.

devices

for boobyt:r8pping
0

r

oblong blocks of moulded exploBive joined together with brasa bo1ta and reeessed to contain tbl! metal Ibiker UBembly. 1t may be disarmed by insettinsr a aafet,. in the! lower safety pin hole .

NiJMUt.~ 4U uplosi" e !t1l till/ i, This consisted of two

.!

EZ. 8M t (EZ 4."). Thl!i device eonsi5U of AD ex]:lID--live: cbar~ & pressure..-l'"e'lease f\ ri ng mcha.ni sm. & aafety bar and a metal cn.sa When the: .s&!ety bar' is

the deviee .unna it.self by m-e&1Ul 01 clockwuplE iQ.l.idlJ tb. cue. Tilt dnJiu ed1tMt h.tl ~ .. removed
j

t1f'WId.

(b) Cud.ot~

TbU ... tdJ.te country

....

&

wooden

PooR

MAtJ' S JAMES BaND Vol.

3

252
19

BOOBYTRAPS

Mcb!~ l11i1 ...' »IT~t.AN1e flUN

r
140Dll. 1951.
ANTI DISTU.IJr,....a:

lI. Afttiper8'011'&eJ Min£&.

FlJlf

A ntlper!OJlllI1 minea are Laid ia anti tank mi nefleldl to halt and del&y -enemy troapa &Del malt!! breachiq and clearing AS di danrerous. and. time censuming as 1'Os&ible. Enemy min@ layers may ine.rease thia harr.assment substantially b)' layiq' ~ll bl ut type

tftc.u.

(2) T. Mi..Z U

(..) Gernw.,.. III addttloa. tG WNlai 1lIt:ilJft deri....

11M

r. Jli • .u ~

faa·

Get tA&an.A developed two UItId~ flaM, lDJtia.ted by preaml'e or pI"!'I''ImH'eIeIN for &etl.vaItn.l' T.dl6 miJle8 42 -.nd 41. To arm.. the ru.. II pJac:.d ill ~ fuse 1IVel1 and th. pnaan pl... HI.wtd down on top of the fue ..Iheariq the armiq pill. lLmtoval of & J)I'f!IUlD:e plate lBitiatM tIu! P1f,sn re-rel._ medII Diem and d.et.oaates the min-. .A.Jthoqh the T. JIi. Z

1;be

anti personnel mlDU nur th-t Rllchon and lIon, the trip wires, which, accot"ding to prOcedure. mDt be traced from. pun to aaeher before cutt.in.g. Tha.e ue e.rl;r«nely ha.zanJO\llo to bI"l!l.Cbing- e.nd elMrinr specia1j lib. who may detonate them gnaw&1'e!I by the prellure of 8 hnrlJ K:nElet or elbow on the pl"'eMUr!

nne

p1at~

« wa.a. an o:perimental
of tu
CM"-'J Mr

model that aver reached the field. ICGpies of both flW!l8 are IlIJW in .... in aeveral European a.r.mies. MiM.I...-..:E IU'IU. tAua faa CQtl 'MitJt.er b.r ithKti~ Q &iu~..... IIIGI'I:iw.gJ or r;olm&. dw"",cd,.

~I/~:...____Q__Q_____C
40. .A6iantDgH BoebytraPi laid in bllildiDp and thelr IUn'OQD.clibp eo be 'Nr7 eff'a::tive, BuUdl np are ~ attractive tc :ftahtinI: men for the.J pJ'"O'Vide.. degree of c:.o:rnfort and shelter from the elaznerttL Th"Y aJ"8 . 81M useful for hee.dqu.uten -here plaTll!. may be made aDd com.. municatjOIUJ carried on with crater dilpakh • .iI, . hn.,ediat. s...rroundi ngl e, Once a buildI US' bAA hem oec:upled .. it becomes the local pOint for tra val and comDlunieation from many directions. 'Ih.u.a \!If: i.mmediate yici ni ty becomes a potential location for boob,ytrapa. b. Dwellini:n. in sparsely populated areas otten h.a.ve aut buDd. ings_ wood piles. fruit trees. wellBt f.ncell with ptea. waJb. aDd other loa tiOll.S u..ily- ~j"m to wound or datror eareleN 801diera. c. Delayed action cb.ari'- detonated in hc.i ldinp aft8r tlwy &AI
s.cHon II.

100lYTIAPPING IIILDlIIGI

M

o

ooeupied are extremely e~ectiv .. Bach cbarr-II however .. are diftlcult if not almos.t impoaaible to OOI1cat .fspeclally in larse IIlUOIU')" 1 LI" .... T ~. I... ~ and atee! buiJdi~ whlch may require a lar.re quantity of @l:;ploalve (b) FFart.ce.~ The French bave & eopf of the T. Itt Z 48 anti- for senol..l!!. d a:m.qe ttl" destructiOJl. N0D.e blJ't .. mo!.t mreniou.a apeciatiAtj given time, help. I.D.d • 'Wide aelectiOll of ma talal c.an do dlsturbanee (pneaure aDd ~Nleue) fue, and Teller mine •• ..,... lDDdeli IH2 and 1948 this sa ti.daetorily. In World War Il~the Runiana prepa.red ncb ~ti'M17. Th. fa. ~ ..... iD the t- weli •• d 8! boobrnan for the GennaDL However .. after lOftJfcareful aearclta the nresmre plate acnwed IIowD om. top. ....eariq the the eha.rge and its eloekwork 'Cute were louted by me&na of • pin. RemovitC the prtIB8Urt plate actuates the 8tethoscope. Small buildinpF on the ot:h.!r hand, tMJ be only moder .. ately difHc 1l1t to deab-oy by delayed charpa. preuure-release element detoutillK" the mine.

anni.

POOR MAN'S JAl-'IES [lOND

Vol. 3

25.3

BOOBY"TRAPS
(a) Aueanble M3 pu U..releaae firin.r d ewice~ a tandAl"d bue and blutin, eap. (b) Plaee sheet. explosive iii. weiaht box~ (c) Bon hoi. in .ai de jamb for pu It vt j reo (d I ADehor one end -of pun wire to wjndow! and tIu-'t'ad
t

MIAI PflESSUFtE FIRING DEVI CE

thrctlsh ho]e in aide; ambo

(e) Attach free end of pull wire to ratchet on firlnc device. (fJ Arm ftrlne deriee. (1') ~] boobytrap. HOlE

PULL WIRE

FOR

M!
puu. FI Rl NG
OEl/~CE

Ptl..L-REl...EASE FUlliNG
D£V1CE
1-

;

~[.rCHARGE

1

~p'
U. En ...... c. ~ Cu:rioaity prompk 8 soldier to [nveatigate hurriedly an intend.... huildfD. In h1a path.. Womll!!ft. 1001:. or mare iuqu:iai tivmep :ma,... the mati. ve.. Ilia rwlih to be the fint inaide makM .all mtmDcat

Vrf ,.

2 lIZ LB _---t-t-n--'""
SHEET

EXPLOSIVE

CHARGE

ac.lIeat QQtI for boobytraps. For the fooli8h" • rlniDl' CODIleet.i m the :frODt door•• ide door or batk doors :may be au:fIcimL But for the a;perieneed aoldi_ who may arefully seek enhy to the t..
l

--.t lint and then try

clear the bIliJdiq ld:ol'1 by RoIYj eare:fal ad bapniOlIl. fJlfort IDI.J be IWJDi.red_ &. Sail _ Wiftdow.. Here boobytn.p!S malt be eoa.e.ltd to prnat deteetioo. by" the enemYl breakinz the pa.n.e Ol' kiUhll' out. door puel Bumnent windows should be boob,trap .... atth. ttlp 01' .Ia 'the ftMr andem.eatlL
b)

j

TOP

POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 3
(2) Elutric jf'ritllJ.
(It) Fasten two metal brackets

254
(c) ~
ciOIM.

BOOBYTRAPS
(d) Bore pull wire hole at proper spot inside Ja:iDb. (e) Cut other Ieg wire long enougb to twist on an iuu.lated loop OD ODe end and lit over pull wire hole. Loop IIhould be a.bout Jh ineh. in diameter .. (of) TwiBt CIb UTI J 1)f!;ulAted loop on. one end at lea 'Wire and H:UJ'I to lawel' bra.cket El that loop :ftb. 0"1Q' pqll wire hole. Fasten to j amb. (r) Anchor one end of In.5u1ated ~Wl wile At pnlper spot en door. IDd. thread free end throuP. puU wire hole sad loop fasten6d tD j amb. (h) Close door. FasteD tree end of pull wire to other loop

(b)
(c) ,d)

(e)

enough to wed.re two flashlight batteri es between. Plaee sheet e!tpla&ive ehaT;ie in weight box, Insern:l~rlc blartinl' cap In marge. Cut one IeI' w ire and a.tt&ch. to lower braeket. Cl:I t other 1eg wi re to proper lenEth to twi Bt an It n iDBU"
I..ted loop on end

to side

at Wel~t box

e:Jeebic, bwtin.r 1ec win to top braclurt..

ea.))

in cha~

and

t.asten mae

top of ..".-1 ndow weight. (f) On a length of leg wire tWi8t an unm su lated loop around the leg WL re hanging above th.@ weight Th read other end through other uninsula ted loop and fastM '00 top clalD.:p. Tape wire to window wejght.. (g) Test circuit with plovonmeter first, then insert batteries betw~ br aekets. ( h 1 Conceal boobyu-ap.

a.nd fasten to h.a.ngIn ."IBce just above

...nre

c, Doore. Improved d~io~
boobyfrapa
1

on doon exposed, a waste of time and m.aterial. except for PUl"p08e8 aI. deception. The best leea tion 1.8. head 01" side jam b, not the sill, ,..,.hicll i6 the often reeommended. The aUl :i.Ii ~.. so that ~ experHmc@d cl~arinl" U:a..L t.may ea5i ly l~te the ril'Wj n« while in the j amb, it is eoncealed by the dooratop. (1) H eaa ;cmb rig fJifttJ.

metho.ds have made the' use of wi th charg,ee..l firing devir.~,. and wir8!l!!

&4

(.j:) Che:::k ~pit with plvonotn4der ftrst, then (j) Install batterie!l between brackets. (k) CotK.eal boobytrapt

to hold it mu,aly

apfn~ I5tttd.

(a) Assemble M1 pull firing- deviee, standard base, ad non· electric blasting ea p. (b) A ssem b le length of dlfltona. inr cord .. priminl' adapter,. t nonel ectric blasting cap and. t!xplO.!i ve block. (e) Attach fLrina-device firmly ta stud and tape !ree end of length of detonating cord to nonelectric bluf:ing cap. (d) Drill hole 50 t proper place in headEr Q. nd head jamb~ ( e) An(.hor ene end of pv.H wil-e- at proper p.].a.c.e CD door
ann thread free end through holes. (f) Cloze door and attach pull wire to pWJ !'i.~g.. (g) Ann and coneea I boobytr~p.
MI PtA.L FIRnrtG

H!AD

JAMB

,

DEVICE ASTENED TO STUD

"

OOoR

(2) St4f! ,-fDtlb ·ntI,-ift.~

(a) Attach metal braeketl
wedge

(b) Insert sheet aploli ve charge 8nUlly between ltud and jamb.

two :IIaahli.lht batted.

to Bide jamb cla!e
betWeeD...

enoUlh to da.mage

C. Barns lnd cerum ns when

they

~ollapse ca U s@

hiueh

lr..ore

than wall s been use they bear l!ruc.h more weight. (1) 1lI wooden beams, holea for C':uTlcetlil("dexplosives should be bored close enou gh togather f D.r sympat netic d ewna tiga. An M..l d~Jay firIng- device anc detonator placed. in a hole

POOR MAN·S JAMES BOND Vol. 3
withln the bulk exp losi ve charge sheu ld suffice. Bui ldings of mAM,.nTY a..b..d 5fe.el eons truc:tion :ma.y .aJeo be boobytr apped with delay charges, The dime uity of thl! j ob depends often on tr.e interior finish, type of dec oration, heatj 11K ducts, air eond it~ ng. and tYPI: of' floors. oni (2} A (0] umn tn.ay be destroyed by a eh 8.Tge bu r ied below groend 1evel at its hue. .A1though 1-. eg vy delay c.hal'gl!l!! h"'ke tr.ese are often e Dll.llidered nll.u~s they are shown here because they may be fou nd il'l boabytr ap loeation.&.
I

255

BUUBrRAPS

17

j
..

L........"iI

'I
oJ

-

-...
~

~

WI1 DELAY
FIR ~hlG

r

OEVICE

_.--

--

t

\

,
\,

....

~

44,

Interior Fumlshi n•• Va.e.ated bUi ldin gs provlde m uch

Hurri'tdly en d s as 0 esks, fllin 8' cases •. ooking nten s: ls, taL 1e items, rug9. lamps, c and fcrrnl tare. E lectrie ligh t and pow er fixtt;.!'f;'~ar.e al so exp loitsb Ie. a~ De" ,,_ B eea Use of il::e eonst r ~eli on .n. d esk is easily boobytra pped, If earefull y plaeed the riggi!"lg may be nondetectabl e a nd if properly constructed t can not be neu :ra1iz~d. Electric fi rin g systems B.r~ the most sui lable for this purpose, Sheet tXDlo~ive is much bet ter 'tha n other tvpes, because its adh ~S] VI!: surface hol ds l t firmly in place. Check the elrcuit with a ga,lvonornetel' be/we installing the batteri~ ..

n j ty ior boobytr aplling. departi ng oecu pan ts u S.U ..l lly 1 ve beh ina s uch od d$ and ea
0 pportu

Loose floor boards sometimes are exe allent obj eets fal"" boobytrapping.. The ri niDI' mu.st escape detection.. ho,.,·eveJ'; otherwi!ie. it will be ineff «tjve..This l'iggin g m1ght be harder to detect if the 5\l pport und eruea th is e h.iseled (]at to let the fioorbo&rd sink

ct..

..

b.. 0~t Equipment. :MAI1Y items used in efflc as have boobytra]) e; A deuhle delay chain detonating boobytrap should be very po ten tid -eff'ecti ve if timed right and ski Ufully laid.. Fi,./l t, is the explorJ VE of • (1 ) TI!:'Ii!llk011t lis i ~. JIlinOl eruu-ge laid in. an llppet' story damaging the bnUd j "I' only (a) :RtmlOvec:onten ts from finder. alil'htly .. Then,. afte1' a curious crowd has .lathered. a second heavy (b) Assemble sheet explosive! shrapnel, and blasting cap, ehal"P or :seris of chargES gO off seriously damlg1ngo or dutl'oy(c) Remove ins u]a ti an from ends nf wi res ~nd twist t1:l the buildilll' and kilUna: or wounding mlU'LYonlookaz. form loop switch.

Ihout ~ inch when tramped on.

me

t

POOR M..ZU~' JA~JES S

BON0

ver ,

3

256 e. Blett1"ic
(2)
(1) Rmnove bottom plate.
17"0&

BQOBYTRAPS
Insert bulk explosi ve and eiedrie bLut.lq' cap. (I) Attach shorlmed leg wires to pOwer inlet.

(d} Place 000 bytra p in finder sa that the raising of the lid draws the loops to.rether. (e) I~s ukte in side of ease from con t8.ct with loop. with fri~tion ape.

batteries. N cte. Batteri~s

(t) Cheek ci reul t with plvanometer
DJ.ay

70

fir.,~then inatall

be connected to lecwirea by 'Wl"ap.. pin, them tii'htl)~ in pl&ee with friction tape..

.:~:a.ou~do
"r.. ~
-r"'IO.

n
TMItd1,..
( I)

5KEfT E )CpL.OS~VE

SULK

OR

r.l;:TlI»!!

(2) Card File. A wooden card file can be boobytrapped

eury element in teakettle. (2) Cheek ci reui t with aalvanom.et.er fir.I~ thea lllllall bat.teries. N ate. Batteries may be bound ti,btly it. elreuit with Iridin tape. FO!' u.fety and ease ~f assembly. use a wriAt watch del.,
in clreuit (para SOd: •

,,~_ ...... .n.II'~ 'l.....le -iN-leetu.p~lVe,
'L. 1 _' ...

e Ieetrit bl astine cap ad

DIm"-

t:ffecti ve]y by the use of a mousetrap rigged as a trigH' ~ :a standaxd base ~~ith bluting- cap attached, R support block faBten~d in9ide to ho1d the firing Dsem bly .at the prGpe_r 1e.. e[ 10r G]lE:ra tton, s nil a tril'pr btock ta hold · the tri8'a:er in armed. poe.ition. <a) Rit wire triuer of lDDmetrap with 5Cl"eW and metal sb-lpr (b) Locate BU ppOrt b leek on stri p8 at ·proper level to fix (c) Bore hole in support block a t proper place to admit itandard base and blastinz cap 80 that shMt meta] a.crew will strike percussion eap, ( d) Insert exp)osivf!. then. ~upport block 'M th moo setra p~
( e)
'fuing positien,
etandard base. and blss tin:ll cap in position. Raise trirg"er and elose lid so th&. t trigl'fJr i~ bed j,.

trl net' in trigiU block.

tI;z~C\~
eAn£RlE5

~t:URl' ELDIIElllr

(fj
~~lcnON TAn

[J:PLO!ElIVE aATTBI~D
... COI".IT,..,cr WnH r.J..I

9l-lEET

\

.cu~

II!!.

PNuut"e Coam. (1) Atd'idiftW""bIlMe eirea.it. (a) Al!!SeIllble.&heet explos.i ve, mereury el ementr and. alee· uk bluting cap in cooker. (b) Check circai t 'With ptvanwneter W6t I then iJLItall

~ ote. Batten ~B may ba bound tigh Uy in ci rcui t with ~etlO'D t&pe. F lOr safety and ease o[ 8filJ.elIlbly. lise .. wrist WIItch del&.?' in elrt:uft (paTR 60d) . 71 (2) LtJ"" ..wi'e!.
(lJ

batten es,

AMemble Kheet explorJve and eleeb1e bl8$til1l' cap. e 2) Cut leI' wire!!! to proper length. Remove insul.t:km

POOR MANIS

JAMES EOND Vol.

3

257

BOOBYTRAPS

The 1eJ' wires are connected j n the eircut t for detona t ian at tu m iUI' of. oft-on .witch.. ~ can .ia required in connectin r ·ler wires to prevent p~ matun. explO5ion.. fl. Bed.. Two methods may.be used-a (:ha.rgf. noeelectrjc blastinr ~Pt and pull ft rin2' &.vice or s. ch arge ha Lteri es, e teelr'ic bluti QJ' cap. aDd. mere ury switch element. (1) N onekctri( rigQitt(J. Ca) AsSemble pun wire, M1 puU tiring deviee, blaslinx cap. and sheet exp lo&ive ehArge. (b) Anchor pu 11 w ire so that a per son Billing at b'in:!' on bed Wl1] in iti3te firi ng- device. (e) COD.~ealboobytrap. Js,
I

'BATTERIES
CONTACt
IOUIIIlD IN Wit .. YA~[

from ends and twist to form loop Bwiteh ..
(3) Clu ~1t ci,.tu.1t witA catvon01ft~r.

(4) Fasten ona lex wire
puU wire .. (5) Secu re batteries

(inau lated)

to lid to serve

&J!I

friction tape..

in circuit by wrappinc tigh Uy with

LOOP

SW'CTCH-

FRICTION

T"PE

(2)

Eu~
(.)

rigging.

SHfET

M r RrutW ~1Ul T~:ktMum S~t..I. Both &eta may be boobytr ..ped by a.uemb tins- a charge and an electr Je blasting cap iniS.ide the cue.

EXPLOSIVE

BATTE:R.ES

~le :sheet y;plosl voe char P t electric bla&ti Ill' cap. and men::ury element. (b) Cheek cir-cu.it with ra,lvanom.eter. (e) Plaee boobytrap on bed to in inate "When its level position is disturbed.

{d.) ID.staU batteries

(e) Conceal boobytrap. 1'1ate. For-.£at t!ty an d ease of assembly. use a. wrist w ate h delay
in clnuit (pn3 &04) ~

friction tape.

in ei reui t by wr appiJ1&' tiptly with

OFF-ON

SWITCH

ia&tioo..

i. BGe!. A book 'With an attraeti (I)

VE:

cover is surf: to invite exllO-

Cut htllie 1.D booK large enough to ucommodate the

dz-

258

[lEVI CE.

FIFUNG

pressure- te IBase ~ pu J l-rel ea~.
a~ The jE!t
j nto

0: the

2. nd

pu IL

~2AS shaped eharge 1'ro~ the roadside directed

a moving-

destr ucti ve, (1) A~emblE! an 1'\.13 "pu1L~rel"eas.e firing device- and detonator .. length of d eton atjng cord ~ pr J mi n g ada pter, and nODel eetrie bias ~ ng cap. (2) Dri ve ancho r l;tnl( e i 11 ber mat SL de 0:· road an d attac b pull wire, DTjve !i!itake or lay log. stone, or other object on other side to suppert :pull wire at proper height off
ground+

v e! hit: le.is \rery

gina',

AasembJ e sheet ezplos ive~ electric blasti n&' cap, mercury elernen t, and shr~ pnel, (3) T ea~ eit"(.:k.it 'U.'i,h Qal" Cl1tOmt ttl" fiT' t, then (4) Secure batteries In cir-cuit bY'9.:T&pping tightly with fri.c!ti.on tape.

(3)

t 4.)

Attach '!irlng de\:ieE assembly to stake at propel" position. Fix sha.ped -charge in posi ti on to di rEII.!t ex pJ0::11 ve j et ~nto

vehicle-when front wheels hit tripWlI"'e.

( 5) Attach free end <If
taut,

'PU It

19

wi re in hoie in wi nt hand

d r.8. W

77

( 6) Serew primi ng ar.:apter and none ]ectr ic b las tl ng cap in
th read ed cap we ~ 1. (7 ) Conceal boo bytrap, ( S ) Arm 11ri ng device, Note: Cone may be filled with :fragments.

;

[
45.

:5Jo wjnr do wn enemy tTalftc~ ss pee [EII]]j" if they ate 1aid in .and around othe r obstruetions. Those placed "on paths and trail! are e1:~e-1Jent a8'ain.rt raiding parties tha t rnu st operate und er ~ver ~ d.a. ri:n ess, 441, Lo~atic..,. Boobytr aPE in road Wily oastruetions should be eoncea led on the enemy side. If the obstruction is heavy, requiring force to remove
R

HlghwG'tI.. T",II-, .nd Pt;Ith, Boobytrn ps used a Ion g .roads are

g-.rea t he! pin

NON - E LECTRrC

it, boobytra p~ eencea led un derneath will ine~f.! iU eif-e:ctiven-e:5s. Frapell bi ti an charges e..rl:! VeIY d estruc U \I e against personnel. The.s~ include hand grer .ades: hound, ng antipersonnel mines with their own s pecta ~fuzes act uated by ~res.sun or tri p wire; ordi na.r}· expmivl!;! charges. covered with pieces of scrap metal, nai]sJ gravel. lenz1,h.s of wire, n uis and bolts; snd the li ke, Th e latter may be
actuated by .any of th~ J.u:nd~l'd firing de\ice~hy pressure,

BLASTING

CAPS CORD

.......__ OETONATING

TAPED HERE

M3 PULL-RELEASE
~I

R. NG ,)E

VICE

POOR MAt-rt S .TA\1ES

BOND

\/01.

3

259

to b. An MS shaped charge boobytrap pla.ced overhead in. tree in boobJo1ra pped i!" time and equ ipm e n t a rs a v ai Ia bl E.. E-ven u nserv ice.. wooded area will datroy both tank and crew if loca.ted properJy. able it@:I])A may be r 1g:gl'd aga: nst acavanger i who may search Tr[p wire, being very thin and carnoufleage-color-ed, ifi not ea.ai1y th:roU(h the wreckage for useful things. o. Abn.na oned amm un j tion shou Id be 4:X plorted to th ~ maxidet.ected by a. dr ive.r. mU1':]. Chain detonations of cormeet.ed mine-s or sections of bang-Ellort;" (1) AS6emhle two. firing devices (only one rna)· be necessary) with. _detonators and lengths of detonatlng cord and .a tcrped 0 are particu lat" 1y etf ecti ve. de10natjng cord pzimer. (2) At.tac.h fttjng assemblles and MS shaped chara-t: in positien in tree~ so that when the vehicle eon taets t he t ri p wires) the explosive jet will penetrate the- crew compartment. ( 3] Arm boobytrap,
I

A.

c. Beobytraps !Ire applicable to storage areas where materials -cannot be remo'Ued or dastruyed. Severa] cha ~i~ strnt.egicaJly laid

11

\

~

\

\,

wiH prO\'e very rewardinz, A lumber pile provides f'X~E']]ent COhculment for an explosive rig.lln,g. Sheet explosive may be used in many plaees where TNT ja impractical, bec-ause of its size and shape. Here again chain detonations Df explosive blocks And bangll.lore torpedos w"i:~ dn extensive damage, if the- firing rneeharusrn is properly located anr! cunrungly concealed.

/

\

'lNT 'BLOCKS

.1.

A.bortdorIItCI (1) lmserl

V.hI d ••

al

a. T~tk,

Wh.e.e~. Jength of heaV)~ wiJ'e in interceptor hole in firif'Jg

(2) Remove sa.fety pin and replace with length of thin wire. E end both wires aligh t\ y to prevent ra.lling 011 t.
,---~

d&\'iee.

47 ~ 'S FI• .da1 Loc.t~onl

\\ 5 PRE SSl.RE -RELEASE F1RING DEVICE

«_ A.band-oned servicea ble or r~pal r abl e! items

are

ire([ uen t ly

(3) Assemble stan dard base, nonelectric blas;ting cap I and 1i t" inS' d.:vice. C Assemble two 2-block eX11lo.sive-charges, ncnelectric blast4} ing caps, ]:Iriming adapters, and 'engih of detonating cord.

260
(Ii) In hole prepared
t

EOOBYTR.APS

b. JIotOF. 11:t! f..n belt is :an exee1lent anehor for a pull 'Irire. The ulld et' truck wheel allernhle t..riDa' blocb (tak. wei.h t of! exploai ve I!:haqe)" charves. bear- pWl wi1't will be much harder to ·detect if anchor.d 1l.Dd.mnu.th thiq boU'~ protective blocka (take wei.rht otI :6rlnr bOttom puJ1e.y1l from when It may be ateDded any leD.cth to the device 1~and firinr device, -ftritc device .and charp. u (6) Arm liriDS' devlee.. Co E"lcctrid. Sv""'" A uHflll eombination 18a eharn primed with (7) COver boobYtrap, and eamouMa.p. an electric blastin&" cap with clam pa att.acMd to the lei wir"eI. Thi. IIlA7 be attached to detor .. te by tum TlJ: on the ipitim Iwt.lth. enpatlll the I tarter braldnJ, and the like.
II

ElECTRIC

t

BL.AST1NO CAP

d.. Botlr. Another combination u.M.eful .in. riam.r a seat or .any other part of tile Yehicle body is a ch.u'p detan.a.ted .le;1:ric:al17 by meuu of a ~UI"J' switch element.

« 1) Assemble ch.arp. eI~tric hinting
e]ement.
.. ~+

t:ap. and InIQ"1;IlJ'1

(2) PJac. boobytr.p in poRtion and cheek eircllit with • piA ttacb batteries in clreu.lt by wrappin,: tigbtly '1Iri th frietion tlp8. N ute. A.lwaya cheek ci rcuit before attaching batterieL ThI. rittlftI May be .llembled in a .small paWp fDl"~Utem. • aeat cushion or .. parat.d for oon vemel1.t!:efol" ano-u..r 1ai:ation in the body ottheTIhJ.eJe. (I)

Oil_

EJePLOSI\I£

SHEET
ElECTRN:

BLASTiNG CAP--""""III

BITTER~£S

)\

e\'"ery major powec lIlAnuf&etured boobytraps to UU ..... nst the en-em.J'. Most of them were ~harged. imit.ationa of UHfu~obj ects~ which maimed. or killed. helpll!l8&soldiera that handled them. The defect common to all at&.nda.rd boobytraptl hoWRVI!J". is that after the first or leCond expJOslOl'L" .. 1 othe:rs af the aume type beNwne lMft"eetlve. A "one-shot' job he.rdly justifies production
~

.... """r.I War Il, U. In Wor 1d

51. F....

I.".. Cl. -The Soviets Uled more .tand.a.rd boobytrapa in World War II tbu. any other eombatant. A weird auDrtm-en t of ch.ar,pd imita· titm:l itema luued to Gennan -.oJdien were dropped frOm Soviet plana. Some of these were:

or

(1) Cartridg-e boxe&, apparently

tailling' hip u:p]oeives ('2) BaDdap pacilebI contaillinl" dltoDaton

filled with ammaniti and dt!tonatorl..

011,

eon-

and Bhrapne.l.

POOR MAN'S
(5) Ban.d.q'e

JJU.1ES

B.OND Vol.

]

261

EOCBYTRAPS

cas. with Red C raN ~D5i,pia l'i;lPd as mines.. (4) RubOO ballB. about twice the size of a fiat that detonated
upon impact.

(5)

(6} Coenac bottlu filled with incendiary liquid. (7) Small red flap mark-ed with all M and a.tt.a.;hed to m.inll!2li th.a.t detonated when the ft ag wag removed.. (8) Imitation earth-gre-y colored frol.5 Uul.t dti!tonated when
p~Qn.

the Ud W&6 ra.iaed.

stJver-rrer Jight metal boxes or

Hasks that SQlodal when
EXPLOSIVE

I

LIQUID

(9) Flashlights containJnr high explosive ~'hich detonated when the switeh ".~asmoved.. (10) Mec·hanic.a.l pent i15, l\r atehes, cigarette oasu_ cll'arettewhen handled.

lirhterst

·18 h

oellus. and similar it:em.f! that detoo ted

the Sovi tU prepared a book boobytrap- The eh.arl'e inside detona tad wh en the cover WR.Ii
nlud
+

b. Knowm. the German interest in b~

Tti~fA.D£[] NT

(6) The I ~lia ns had n boobytra p ped headset eonte.i nin R' .an eiettrjc detonator con neeted to the termi nals on the ba.ek~ The oonn~tion of the headset into the live oomtn uniea tion line 1niti&t.E:d POWOERED EXPLOSI\iE AROUND DE
PACK EO
PAGE'S CuT OUl TO-~E-CEl": CHMGE AtfC Ftri NG OClllCEs

'9

.on complicated than the So" iet verSiion. above..
MST9IE[)
~su..4TltrJCi

e: ThI British also had a book boobytr&p; but it was .IJia"htly
TO ~
~

OF HJ.F'

OGE _.

DEToNA10R WIRED TO TEA HI IN ALS AF TER TI1 E D' APH RAM IS REM(1oJED

BATTE"

d. AU IOrb of dirty-trick

( l) A ftashl:ight .... Tigg!d 'with a charge and all. el~b'ic:: ras detonator pow-tred and ac to atee by the orilinal dry eell battery switch and ci rcuit,
t

d mas

WEre used by the

eDem)'-

WIRE LEA (6) The Germa.ns converted their own and enemy standard tall teens 1nto 000 by traps T he ex plosiv e .chArge W&£iI deionated by a pull fuze and .a. pull wire connected to the cap. When parti all y fi11ed wi th water a Tl d plae.e:d in its can\-'as ease, it wa.s ,'ery deceptive, The canteen hoobytrap had fUll effective radius of 3 to 5 yu~.
I

CtLNTEEN

(2) Bottles d~ignl!d to look like Uqllor bottles were filled with a Uq"Pid explosive d~ton8.ttd by .B. PlJlt.fricUon fuze a tta.ehed 10. the cork, pen, though very small, was rJ:gged with an explosive chn rg-e; .B. ~ pri ng d r j \Jt n striker to fire l\ percuslion cap. and a d etDna. tor. (41) The Japanese manufaezured a p.i:pe beobytrap with a char,le. detona tor ~and s ])ri ng-l oaded str ~ ker. ~31 A lountain

II

POOR J'.-11\.N' S I~A!'1E S BOND Vol.

3

262

BOOBYTRAPS

90 (7) Another German devi ce was the 'boobytrap whJatJe. ThlB r:On&l$ted of B pollceman's or referee1e wh..iatl. with. a charge- and & metal b.n 11 covered with a Jay.er of friction compound. B1Qw1ng the whistle moved the ball, J,fbltinc

pjDl" than othera.. How the E'Uofrri l1a may 'IlSe them, luyw£1'er. 1M unpredictable. AD &N Pl'Mlented to stirnulate initiative and arouse enthtWA8D1 to out - do backward enemy peoples in deviaiDg and
phac:ini' booby'b'aps and than eVE:r before in their 54. latpra.-i.. .:t nn. Fv.!:. &. PaM &ttrni"fl fuse to develop a high6 level 01 proficimlCJ"" detection an d removal. ond bp Ion. Cc.pt J-rJ incfle8 pf!T mt1Utte),

the friction carnpoo l] d and det-onating the charPi
MADE OF

VI BRATIN G BALL
FFUCTION MATE R~AL

r

(1) .Braid three Iengths of cotton string togeth.e:r.

(2) Mo:i5terl e blaclt powd~ to form. .. paste. Rub pule blto b twbted ~trin8' with finger, and allow to dry. 11a powder

92

COMPOUND
(8)

The German Peters ealJdy bar- boobyt;rap WiUJ in.renioua indeed, The explosive cha]"i~ fU2~ and thin ca.nV&3 pull device Were covered With ehoc olE. te.
CANVAS

is not avai1e.ble, mix 25 p&rt$ potbsl um nitrate (as.ltpeter) in an equal amount of water and add S parta pulverlzed eharf.oal and 2 parts pul vei%ed sulphnr- to form .. paste... Rub paste into twiBted .tring Mud allo .....to dry.

(3) Check bumiq

rate beforE using~
pet'

b. Slew bltrfti~" frue (J i~1la

m1ft,Utll)

I

(4) Cheek bu.ntin.r rate. (5) Before uing, cos.t 8.e''Pe:ral (nehes of the end to be fnaerted. into up or materiLl tn he ignited. with blaek powder
p&dI= (a (2) Jibcrn).

(1 ) Wash three lengths 01 etrina; or three shoelaees in hot soapy water and rinae, (2) Dissolve I part potuaiwn nl tr..te ill' pobiuium chlorate and 1 part rruulated BU,J'8-r in 2 parts hot WIler. (3) Soak !triq- or shoe]a.cea in solutiotl 8!Ld bnid threI str&nda togtther. Allow to dry,

e, Ez"i!'t.-'tWBwUng
s.ctIa..
51 .
U.

CaJ).

II.

JMPIOl/1SA.nONS

7.

In.. n... lty

Throurh jn10rmalj Oft en :tn.ilitary operations in World War III the U ~S. so) di E!T has been WE!! l..prep ..~d 10r the dangerous mi. linn 01 La.J"i detecting, an d disarming boobytr8. P8 in eonveatlenal ng. warfare. However, he now is virtu.a.lly A novice in comparison with. th@ cun n j ng an ding-en iott s present day guen-illa, who .. t the start was almost totally lacking in material and -Erluipmen t. b. ExperJence has shown that iD g'U@rrilla ·~rar:fllrel carried on by illy-equ ipped n a t; ve popula tj ens, boobytratfPing success depends larzely on ingen uity. Ex p losl ve, • necessary element, iii. either improvised irom commercial j:b~enb nr t"Art-'J:rtrd from tha en.elIly. Captu red minas, amm uni ~on.,. .and other Bimllar material are dj sassernh led an d ~'ru-y Qunt':p. nf .YI'I~i ~ sa"'l7fd .
.$2, T~nrng
n.D.VA

( l} With file -or other 1ns 1.rumen t make hole in end of liPt bulb. (2) ]! jacket is not Iivailable, aold8I' or I!:ecnrelv fasten two wires tQ bulb-one CoD ;metal thrli!adl. at ai~e- .. net ot..bv &t ltlet:d cont.a.r::t on bottom .. (I) FiB bulb and Ilttlpty' portion of blMting cap with black powder. Tape Dlastinr eap on top af bulb ..

h-RbdnR in thQ laazona learned trom the guerri Ilas, for' rr.a.tt}liternJ; th-ey have improvised and the way they ha VI!! UM!!ri tl-l Pf'Y. Rl"-E" ~ l50 .pp]ica.bl. to conventional warfare. Vw' lth 11ttle effart, 8 so ldier may be trained so tha.t with no military equipment whatever bat wjth ample fuods. he .m..ay- pr-EIUUi: himself to fight errec. ti ve ly with ma terials a ~ailabJe from merthAntl} j unk ldl€:!. and sal v... ~ ~ 53. Ap~tlMtlo" The irnprM·i.'!lllLt..ion! Included ill Uti~ m!~Ljun yre gathered from numere us S(J urces, Some may have wider a p»liea.tion to boobytrap~m~

Every' aoldier shculrl

1r-OJn

srnal L

.a:rTYU;I

POOR MAN' S J.~S
ea.rlti dge.
(2) Tape nonelectric.

E~OND Vol.

3

2.63
d...
R(,I~f!

BQOBYTRAPS
{ 1) Cut lEI' wires to proper len gth. (2) Prepare wQQM:n end plugs and. bore hole in one to receive leI wIres. (3 ) Thnad leg ow ires th rouch. he le in block. (4) Strip end o! one leg wire and twist into loop, and seeure other leg wire in position. (5) Test eircuit with gal vonom@'t@r~ (6) Ass.em ble metal c yU rider, con tac.t belt, pull cord t chI rp. blasting cap. end blocks. and ba tteries.
95
E'.. D ~~ t:O~T.A.C1

o.'nd Clf~~r

4

hlll\sting cap securely in cartl"idg~.

<3
... """""""'0

I ----11]

"'ON E'L£C TRI C Ell.. t..5 TlI't(; ell!! P

SMAll AP.MS
::AFfTFtI DG£

[: =--'~. .
~
fFiICTION
T'\pE

.J?

.¥.j81

_yo

.5 5.
11..

Tub e a.nd S tnke..,...

p~ I F".-ing D.yj"RI

Aasemb Ie tube, spri ng. str ~ker sh~:dl W l th ho I@ or with hex nut I soft wood o-r m eta. -:ap pi u gf pu U pi r. and j mprovised pere ussion cap assembly. N ate. l~Jwa.YI!assem ble fir :ng devie e before a ttachi r.g the iRlproj

~
~

pe-I"~'I18sion ea'p a.s:8embl)T.
~

I~

PLIJGS

·v:u ~
•) _/ f.I...ECTRIC flLiIII!TIM6 CAP

IOLT

II

e. Trip Lever
NO~E~ECTRlC
I

am PwU Pi«.

BATl(FII£!I

a_AST~N II;. CAP

(1)
I .,.PRQVI s~o
PE ~ClJS 510N

rt« t tlla.~mL-11.t.
(12 above)

Assem bl e contai n er J ~ ha rge, improvised pu 11 firing devic e
and trill lever.
CAP

\
b. Clot.h:fS Pin.

(1 lh7 rap stripped ~rjds of 1eg wires B rcun d c lethes pin j aws ) til make electrical contact. (2) Asaernble eharge, adapter ~ ele~tTi(' h].a~t"ing cap, and

clothes pin. ~ ("3) Insert woodsn w€!!dgf!~ anchor clothes pln, and ~ns:.an trip
~4)

wire. Cb eek c ireu it with g-B lvonom Eller

fir s t,t

11 connect baten

:oN T.t;.CT5

t ST.:!!IP~D

E~DS

Of" \..!E" (i. WI ~ E SIo
I N1 ,.O'ltslD

8I..A·STIN6

e,

Stake
{I )

0"'-

Pole }"i'iato-r.
ET ~

CAP

lJINKl (2) S Wpi'Rg pl&ceJftld?1l.

"I".NG

(2)

rnnrgE:. elce tr if.! !;lasti ng cap, and pull cord. Check circu it witb gr~~vonometer ti-ntJ then eennect bl::Lt ..
t@ri9:S+

As.sem b Ie stake o!" po lei contain

metal con tact p !ates.,

Assemble eonta iner • ~h:arge~ Imp roy ised ~ ring dey ~ ee (a above t and stake.
9a

t 3)

Fasten dow n top of con ta ~ net and flea] hole around

stake

with fric ti on tape.
IIiIt[TAl Pt..IDiT£~

.!6..
fI..

......

IfeeAu.ni~al C~.tUm.

Rnnll Dhiw ..

(1) FOl'ee atrihr

into hole in pressure board .. (2) Insert wood or soft metal shear pin lD shear pin hol e. (3) Aasemble striker. metal tube" bd improvised bIutina
cap (para 54) .

POOR MA-.1'J t S JAMES BOND Vol. 3
~

264

.

a

W(1'J,L TUIE

a

)
c.;'

(I)

s",.;,.,_,.,.III1WC b~

BOQEYTRAPS

(a' A......,b .. mal' eoDtada~ Iprf..... be&riDr baud,
ad. pran;r'I ~~ (b) Attacb 1.,.. wira to metal t.oa'lt&etl.

aO=::J·t:·====-. ~

.... .........
~

b. Eledricol.
(1)

Leu"
(.)

41"t'N.

(b) Aasemble wooden [even. rabber ItTip, and plaltic
spo~ge. (c)

Attach eontaet bloeb

to tnda ot wooden

]eNera.

Att.ch lee win

r.ontac:t..

'C=====~========~i~~ WOOOEU/ ~e.o..T~
LEV£"~ ~

r:::£

(a) A'-mble 1)0%, leavins" one Bide ope. (b) A.amble contact plate ad thr. lpaclq' b.ioeb :buid.. bozo (e' ~ill holes in .padlll' block for ler wir..
(d) Auernbl! plUnpT ~ metal re1.eue~ c.on tae.t bioek, metal E:OI1t.aet~ ao4 eo~ct .crew • (e) Thrad lei wire through holM in ~ei q. hled and attach 10 eontac.ta.

11.00(8

i .,II

;~

.... L.S

(6)
Pl.lnc

(2)

F~zi.b~ .ftde~"ONO!

.IIttal P1o%. (a), Attacb metal contact to wooden -ooatAct bJoc:k.

(.,

A ttac:h

meta]

(b) Thread

(e ) Attach fteribl@ :dd•.

board and attaeh to eontad.
!!l.IXJI!!Il.[ JaDl!.

1-. wires throu:.rh hoi. ib lower bIuiq
p1a'tal.

eontld plata to beuinr bo&rda.

[b) Aswnb] e ccmtact block and metal eotJ.taet., brKHtL mltal n .... _ptu Dl'llr, and wooden box lid. {c.) Bore hole in side of box for lei' wjrel. (d, Thrud ler wires throu Ih ho]e in box... (II!!) Atta.c:h one! leg win! to plunger tb other to metal
I

..... 0
ICWI:I

Note4 Batteries may be plac!e¢ inside bo~ if necessal"f .

contact.

~"IHG

IIIIJI[T ......

8

f_

LI•
COfIIITACT 1,.JiTl$.

..,..
17. ' .... 1. hl ... ·fI~ De.. Attach .tripped end& of cin.it wires to enrh of clothe! pin b> farm e.mtad& Attach t..ut trip wires below oont&eb.

~,

!PAl""

POOR

~.

S JAMES BOND voi .
,GIl

3

265

BQOBY"TRAPS

(1)

contacts.

Bore holes in top af mine body to. accommodate long
j

< 2 ) Al!.s.emble prlasau~ boa. rd ~ eel 1 8pdng.8 board &n-d metal contacts. (S ) Atta~h .;:jral it wire&..

wooden contact

"faltUl 59.

Ant~.ufl Dew:l0N (1)

102

a. Lf)op Co,da.~e.

~ETAL CONTACTS
P~ESSUI=r~ SOARD

D rill hole in bottom 01 mine to admit inw.lated pu II wi r~. (2) Auembl. plEJnpr. meta] rele&8e an i3 contact plate. (.8) A ~h eire aU wi rea and bar-e 100 p to plu nger con tac t and con tact plate. (4) Thrud anchored ins.l.ted tri p wire th rough holes Jn bottarn of mi ne an d eon met plate and attach to bare loo~..
1

b. Clot~

Pm. sui pped en dl of

SPRINGS
cir( U j t

(1) Attach

make contaets. (2) Place mine On toP. keepi Il.i contacts apart,
S T.I;III=IP£::J ENOS

wjres

to clothes pin


to

NQNIII,fT"..H

1("

...-...._~

f'LUNGn

n!::=1 ---it-- ~ AL ...... IT
lfi-~llE

son

~

ciacurt

WIR;E

'iootWL~liD

PUU WI I!

b. Doubb CIRCUIT
W~RES

Detonator. ( 1) DriU three holn-one

one in aid_to adm.i t nonIDetaU ie plunger and two electric

in bottom. one in partition. and
plates, 'P ~unger

b_tins" eaps.
(2)

A.sa.emble hl.u.ti-q-

tap. let: wirM. c.on tA~t

~ BoUam Plrl,~.

101

(1) Bore hol4!: in botta~ of mine can to adlnlt plunaer· (2. Attach loYNr metal contaet O~8l" 00118. (S J A.aaemble mine, pres8U.l'e bloek, upper Dletal eon tact and Mnmetallie plur..pr.. (4) Attach c.in;:aitwira
MI~E

.and. pre.a.ure bId. (a ) C d"reu~t 'Wit"" gal11m'lOm:..! ter fi"'st.. Then ecnnec l ba.tterie.s witb fric.tio n tape (4) I na tan bbJ;.tinll' c:ap conn ected to p ressu re firing dl!vic:~

""c,k

jn

side of miDI..

d. M~.frcp.
( 1) JlItC~iccl

e. SUdiq Co.t.aa..
( 1) AMemhlf:: metal e&pj r.onmeta Uit tube or earton, -.Jidinr cCln~t. \flJQdm p 1.. I"r and lee- wires at eontaets. ( 2;) Cleek cir~it 'It:itA a galw0fU)1JI.f:ter Ii t~then connect bat,.. r8 bri• ...-:ith friction tape.
(3)

See par. -44 b (2)
(:2) Ek~tricoJ (a) Remove trirrerin.r devicea from Jnoa&etrap .. CD) AlHDlble tn.p~eon tact plate, aDd cireui t wires. (c) PS.etI wei.rht on top with atrikar in armed po!!Iition...

Inltal] .aembly in tube.

POOR

Mt\N1S

JAMES EOND Vol. 3

266
c. A14,-,,;. ewe1£: Timer". ( 1) El.ee tric ..

BOOBYTRAPS

atem. which wiD~ Itri.q and e1oae. ci..reu.it. N ole. An alarm clock, heine R. very verea tlle del&.y may be emI'A 1nAta, pected in many other way •.
1
jo

(a) .A.s.semble base, m etal centaets, and alal'1ll [:)cc:k. (b) Tie knot in one &nil of string.. Thread ather end throuah metal cotrtatts and attach to alarm windina

(:o..-rAc:r
@

UIliNG

(2) N~~d:ric.

I.

E"L.[1;~1C;

ILiIlSTI HI; tAP

60. O.lay fIri"g D.ylc. e, CigCP'ettt Timer. ( 1) Teat burni ng rate of ti me tu z:e and ~ig~!"-ette. (A cisaret~ ll9uELllyburna a.t the rate ot 1 in~ in 7 to 8 minutes.)
(2)

Cut $lOpin, end on length of time f1J%.8. (.s) Assemble 910 ped end. of time fuze, ma tch head~ and clrar-

ette.

(b) RemoQ: X&ndard uJety pin from ftrins replace Wi th eNjly rmnoved pin. {e} Remove peeteetl we cap :from staDdard crimp on nonelectric 'bla sting cap. (d) ~w standard base with blantng tal) d&\·iee .. (e) Aas~)e alann ~Ioek and firing d eviee

(a) Dri 11hole :in bo&rd 01 proper size base tl,htly ~

to hold ~tandard
deviee .nd
ba.M and

into fJrina on board.

(!) Attach one end of leD.J1h of atring to eye En pin and the other to alarm. winding: steml wi nehes .trjnr and remove) aaf ety J)iIL
CIGARETTE

wriT
,.,,-hkb

UA~H[------------~[~~
HEAD
........ -.-~

...... MATCH

b. Dri,dSe:ed

Tim.er.

(1) Determine expa nsien Tate of seed&.
j

~~i--~

STD

(2) Place in j81" and add water. PfIJT"~ (8) Ae3etl'1blejar] lid, cireu It wi res. metal cpntacts~ and ttletal disk and Reu re wi th friction tape.
11M

eue: ---..
-0--

t
NOlI!ELECTIII IlIdTlNG CJJI

e

d.. W"'~ WG~th. T~m.M".
(1)

o.e.. icrw7 .ulall 1

Of" iutJ.

Dri 11.mall hoI. in pJutic erystal and attaeh cireWt wjre with ICleW of proper length to eont.Mt minute band. (b) Attach other clttuJt wJre to 9.88. (2) !'wl9hPe-~ ddall or La•. (a,
IlIU!D IU.... '14$,

.s:gns

L~lns

011 OlHl!l

(a) Remove minute hand. (b) Drill ,nwt1. bole in plam.1: cry a tal and attaeh -cb-cuit

wire with acre"" of proper length ILaDd. {c) Attach other c:il"ttrlt win to cue,.

to eoutacl hour

••

C LOC~ ATTACH ED
it> BASE

61.

.....

~ Pipe Bom&,.
(l) Gr~_

ALAFtM W~NOI NO STEM

(a) Drill hole in up or- plug to ailmit ~ of time f\l!£e. (b) Crimp nonelectric blastina: cap to Jen,th of time
fuze. (c) AlHlll.b~ pipej ClIp! or plu;ra~ time tule prhnert and apJOl!Iivi ehup.

POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 3

267

BQOBYTRAPS

- .... _'._ .. -a __l_._ ~.'_. I----~~·I"" •

~

.


bomb.
11

(2) II lltidiiturt4KU

(a) DriB hole in end eap to admit lenrth of burnt time tllSf' to make £ bomb look like .. l·dud.. (b) Att.ach el~tric ~p and m~}'"CU element OD ba.ae. ry (c) Test drcuj t with plvonometer fi.n~. then connect batteries VI ith (ric tion tape.

A tta.:::h nails to top e..nd sides 01 ch8.rg@ by mean!!! of tape 01" .trinl". Under certai rL eond itiOD::J~ nails may be requi red on MIl' two :& idea.
OX'

b. lI.Ta11 GT~

..

even on one side.

--

I I

... •

e d)

Assemble bomb.

Caution: 1f posslble, assem bl e bomb in pldu. 8S the meretJ ry element. Whetl d isturbed, may eause pr-etn8. tare explosion. To ...... semble more: u.fely and ~h· r attacll wrist w& tc:h ti mer in circuit.

~fffJ =~~

::::=' c
~lImlb :
I.AS(

,,1'1

TING CORD FROU FiRING

e, Dew y Bomb.

DEYIC£

aD
.-rt'rI SMUT

(1) C kfmirol d.e.l411.

(a) (b)

Crimp nonelectric bLastjng ca.pon be.&!!!of approprLate !til delay fi.riug device, Assem ble titl ng d~i ca and [harge in pBc.k.aa"er

ED'l.OSIYE

I~ ;

I-

~m

t.e) C rush copper end of tirhlg d ev ice with fi n;ren+ (d) Place package in guit.case or- oo..tainer. l Note. Use this oomh only when delay itl n ect;SSa.ry bu t ac.eu rs.t:y 1:1!MJC011daJ')'". as the delay time of any eh ~mic.alIirill, device varies
eonaidar ably .ar::eorwng to tern pen. tu re .
..II

(8} SJu;tgtm b013b. (&) Close One end of pi.pe with h e.mrner II allowing openina far deton.a ting cord p:rimer or eleetrit blMting

.• n•.

~

...

cap. (b) Remove protective cap from M1Al preuur. or Ml pul11iriDi device and crimp on nonelectric blastiIll" (c) Serew standard base with blasting eap into firin.r device. (d) .Assemble pi;.e. shrapnel wadding ~exploli ve; nonI

cap.

B..AST1NG

NONELECTRIC

CAP

n~--"--I

----ift-T,"IP

l

I

~£~iiiiiiiiiiiiiii: ~::

eleetrje primeT or eJeetric bla.sting -cap (for controlled fLrinr} Ilnd proper fuin, devic.e. N ote, The force of th e expl06ive and the !Strength of the pi pe are importAnt in calculating the !j:q of u.. chArge.
I

CRrMPERS

(2) A.ktrm clot" hid". (a) Dr 1n hole in wood en bnst- of pro))e'r ~i1:eto hold $tan~

dard base 11 ~y. rm (b ) R~rnove stand Br-d uf.ety pin Irom M.5 preu.urerelease _firing de-';lcII! and repl.acp with eaaiiy-re(e)

C rimp ncneleetric blMtjnrc (..AI) on standard base Sind att.ach tu fi rin,B d ev [CE:~ (d) AMemb 1e &1 ann clock an d ftri n r deyi-ce on .... -ooden (e) Attach one end of I!!ttinr in eye in pull pin and the other to Ute is. la.'t"Tn '" ind j n,. stem 80 that it.a tu mina wi n willeh the :strinl and withdraw the pin .. (f) Place ausnbly in wuitea.M or eon'b.ine!"-4
bRae.

ro.wed. pin.

POOR MAN·S JAMES BOND Vol. 3
CRIMPERS

2-68

30QEYTRAPS

-.
II;

... + ...------~

• :
L

...'t-.,.~-•. ~_~t. •
.... -...

... .. ..:.
I

--.• •
+

." ...

PROTECTIVE CAP

NONELECTRIC ALARM
CLOCr<
BLASTING

-

(4.) A ttaclL firilli' device to d~utinl' t:e.s80ries a.nd drum. of na]J&lm. (6) Ann flri~ cevie.e.

eord with tape,

( 5) Assemble Claymore mine with ])l'imiq and flring se-

CAP

ALARM ."bNG SYSTEM fl. E1I"t.~ B !Jm~. ( 1) Cut leg j rea of electric blaltiq cap of proper l-ength to make eireu it. (2) Stri p in8Ulation oft' ends at. eircait 1Viru and twist into -w.- inch 100ps to make loop lwiteh. (S) Tes t cireui t with plvonometer $,.~t, then attam. bat~j

teries. ( :4) Assemble cardboard ba.ao bll:tteri. electrk hlutinr cap, and ex p loai ve as. pacb.p. ( 5 ) Ati.AL'=h one end of ltdill' to lOOp twitch. 10 tlu.t It will pull the bared loop. toeether to elOM cireui t~ ( 6) Cut hoJe inaide of envelope IlDW ftap. ( '1) Fix package in eltt'elape firmly and thread miD. tm-Oll,ah hole. (8) Attach strj nB' finnly lIut concealed to undenJd. g! flap. (9) Close en ve lope with ela$tie band.
t

f. Rice Paddy Bomb.

ealMFUS

DOnelec:tric bla.stin&' cap. (2) Sttew atandat"d base wi th ~ pinto III pull firj 1lI' device..
(.8) AagerDble firin, deviee, de:tons.tilLJ: cont.llriminl' nonelectric blutillK es P.. and explosive charge. (4-) .A ttaeh char,;e to drw:n of napalm.. adapter,

'1) Remove protecti"v. cap from standard hue &tid ~rimp on

(IS) Arm firb~

device.

111

----'
rue TR'lC

[ NO. 912 9ATT£RiE5 )

BLASTING CAP
STRING

L

:

e. H(Jt.Shm~l Bomb. (1) Remove protective cap from ~d.&rd bue Qld.critnp on nonelectric blastin,c cap. (2) Scre"9v" base with up in Nl pu.lI irm, dna. f (a) Cr-imp nonelectrie blul:ittr eap on O'Deend of lenrth of detoIlatinl' cord and Inlh n in Cla,ymon mine.
t

o.

Tif!. C{U1. B r;m.b.
(1) Cut.a notched mau.l contact disk to provi da clur.anc:. for

J.e.ngth of stjff' insulated of ean,
{2) Cut sliff insulaMd

wire and ~ to

14 in,

from walls

and strip humation

w.i.n of proper leugth to

Bapport d.iIk
DD

from both enda. Bend hook

one

POOR MAN'S

JAMES BOND \701.

3

269

end to hold baTe RlspeJ'lAlon wire. Bend .lUff' wire to ~ Ih&pe.
Al&eJnble
inSlll_ted

.. ".J~ ....

BODBYTRAPS

te1-iee ..

5Upport wjr~ suapena. on wire and COIltact diu. Ched: dreu it with plvOD ometer first> thw CODD.t bat.
113

CUl_

expEmdve. ~ontaci to can" b]I.IUnr cap.

J2~
;I
I~

::0 ;=-~

E:::::t:=:l

t"I!llM";frS

110.

.....

=
J ~..

~TOIIA ING c:.Gf'D
.. DS1V'F

:"j

ell PIG~Ufo CJw.YQe.

{..

J~ r
1iI1TtIiiG

CPo

61.
&.

MiI.D..... a.,.u
I napro1li.eed. S~ed.

CIut.,-ge ..
CDne

(2) Placll Olnl! in c::cmWner. (8) Paek n.ploalve firmly in eonta.i ner I:D .a ]KeI of 2x hela'ht. (. ) Att.cb. ltandoffs to Bet chup abov. tu,pt at help t of of cone. 2x dJameter of cone. (5) Attach blA.atiD.I' cap at.rear dead center Df chN:p.

{I) Cut Itl"il) of thin metal to make to fit Rl1ll'ly cobt.IJner.

moo

of 30~ to 600 bl'le

(S) Ali.... ~ af platter with ~n.ter of ( .. ) Attach and arm 11 rin:e: (iev ice.
III

(2) Place pz'imer in rear eenter of charae.

(1) AuembJe ~ont.aiDeft eMT-"1 ..nd platter .. O\ar.re should weilh. lAme u. p latter ..

arm mil••

c

--.

~

...,..

gfIDI

Dell
»> ......

.....

~

• I
IZIIIIt:

I

~

.I'

..•

\

n.

.

__ ...... _

.'A4.
:rr~

~ .....

"

I. ~

+
I

[

WUW((
L IM~CIa~e.

J
or

~

I
1

i1T,u;g

/
11i1M'.

II. 1'JJl.71"twVf;'rl A n.tlp~~_'~
EqJlo8i1)d

( I) Aa.emble eont.aine:r. e.x.ploai ve, separator
AU, (5houJd be

maat

(2) Remove pl"C)tec::tive up from .t.andard base and erlmp nODelectric b lutiJlf'

14 wei;"h t of ,tv..pael ) .

bE ~,kf4.

to VAiftrr'm ckui~

and shrapnel.

a.u tAicA:on

(1) Attaeh Ihrapnel to omllt~ Ii&!! al base and tOwer with cloth.. tapej 0)" IerMn :retaiber. (2) Place layer pJutie ezpl .. ive on eo1tCave If,ide of hue. (3) Attach I~ to C0M4tir .id. of base. (4) Att.ac:h deetr.te blutin .. up It exaet rear eenter. (Ci) Attach Arin ....device to firllll' wires at proper diaaee from milLa for safety.

ca..,.

(8) Senw ltan.daro baae 'With b1uHn, tap into proper ftrin.r device. ( .. ) SecIU"e IiMbJ' fk.vice in place .. Cfi) FIx primer in rear center- of o:plMi ve and tape to firi ...
device.

11.

...

I

-...

\

.... 1/4 WT Of SI-oIRAPHEL

PLASTIC OPLOSI'IE

(6) Ann llrin. device.
MTAJNER «CLOTH.. SCREEN, Witt,
TAPE. ETC.)

TT

IT

TI

L

J
1Dt000VI

~C4ar0&RO. eoTJ'CII w~

SEI3'AIP'TOA

[TC.I

POOR MAN'S

.. Al'mS BOND Vol ~ 3 T

270
soli,
!

BOQEYTRAPS
(2)

"1

Opera ti nit" time $ou ld not exce-ed 20 minutes to avoi d operator fatlgue~ T·i.,.ed Pj7oerotO'T" aftm bet'ot7te Mrelesa cperotcwa.

root. or disturbed ~iJ gen erally,

cover. ~""111110!...
F'~INO
WIR£S

c. Gmptl.€l1+ These are hooks attae bed to 8 ]e:ngth of sto ut C01'd or wire ~long enough for the o per a.t.or to pull .a mine or boo bytl"'6 p from plaee :from a .sale tiistance OT from .a.t le&!rt 5.0 meters behind

FIRI"fG
DEVICE

BOQIYTRAP DmCTION
63.
Q..

CHAPTEI6 r.

11,.

1.chn.icl.M

Seetlen

AND REMOVAL CLE4RING MITHO~S

d. PTab U. Lengths of metal rod or stiff wire. or bA.~tanets. are good JjJ'Obesfor locatio i bar jed charges, Searching partiN Hom.. times work wi th rolled~1Jp sleeves better to f eel trip 'Wi res and ru dden obj eets,

Although engineer and infantry apeeialhts are respoD..3ible for boobytrap detr:eti~n. and removal. all milit&-y or.pnimtiona,u.. 8L(Tled to eombat zone mhzionll must provide tn.lned men to aaaist

them.

b. If pa&&lbJe. trained engll1ee?j infantry, or e.KplOljve ordnan~e dbposa 1 units wil I search 0 at and neutralize boobytcapa in front of friendlr troops or JWepsl'l! More -p...~e.lanes. When diIJ~o"ered, boobytrapi will either be d:iaarmed immediAtely or marked by WATT! in.g. • f ,.,.IST On Iy th-r simp].eones willlJ.e g iunn.a dliriq a-tWk ThoU! more compUeated win be mAl"ked and reported tor removal. «. To a\T-old cal5\laJ'tyt boobytrapp-ed Qrcaa CGpeew.11y vill.ap;(1 and other inhahi ted plaees. should be byp&SSed. to be cleared by specialists l.ter. Tactical uni ts v.·i 11 neu tralize boobytraps on ly ,,~ben necessary for continued IDO'Vt!'nJen t or ope:tation..

an

J

CI.,.ronm :Men -.,.T h0 clear boobytrap~ are orpniHd into diepo&al teama and &Mirned to i!'Ped fie areaa aCCOl"dinl' to their tnUning a.nd a:perienee,

6A.

I',

,-=-_

M (U" leer,. Sta ndard markera are carried by dlsposa] teams to desi.rnat.e the k.Jcatj on 01 known boobytr apa. lJe ndi ng their removaL
I!!!.

lelf and others war king with him.. 65. TODII anl:l Equl,.".",
a~ B od:g A ~01'.

a. Dir-ection and control hi the regpOnai bility of the penon in cli.arge of c.learance &!:ti vi ties who will(1) Haintai n a control point Dear at hand and rem&in in ~Iole CQlItac:t with his t:1u.rAnee J'&rlies. (2) Give aasistanc:e to t&pos;.l teams when requfnd. {S) Preserve new types of enemy @QuJpmerlt found for more urdul eka.rniQation by enginee-r intel] ipnee 'te$tns. b, Se&rehtng partie! will be suffic,lent ln number to eover an area promptly. wi thou t in terfe:tirtg with each other. f. TIlpe. M.a.rkj ng ta.pe is useful fOO" tr aei ng saf e routes. and e. In cIeri ng .a b Ltilding one person wi II dUeet all sea~h1 r'lg identifying da.ng-erous aJ"e8.S, partia usiped. fJ.. HaM TDO~. Small items, such as nsi!J!I. c.otter pias, pieees of d. Open al"e& ell!&.rRDCe wi U be preced ed by reeoDDaba.alu:e if wire, friction mise. safety pins, p liers, pocket knit e. hand mirror, th~ preseDce of boobytraps IB luspected. Ohce boobytrapa are scisao:r~ ftashli,lht, and screw driver are very useful iu booby-:tOllnd ~seare h must be thorough. trap clearance.. e, Se&n::hing p.ilJti8!5 must be r~ frequently. .A tired man,. 66. Detection or one wh08e a tte:n lion il attracted elsewhel"e i~ & d anger to him.. .I.l. The most carefu l obser\"atior, is requi red for the detection of
t t l

boobytraps.

Sold iers must be tra in ed Sond ci iscip Ij ned. to be on gu.rd J

Armor of variOb kind.s 15 av.ailabJe.. Spec.ial boots 9. nd shoe P~. also iuued, wi 11 rive ;Jr- tel'" prctKtiOlL qai nst bJast than boots p:nera.lly- worn. Ii-. M inc D~t-t r!tDt" 8~ 118 ( 1) Three ml ne detector. useful in thl! remu-val Qf baobytraps

are issued: ANjPRS.S (Polly Smith) and the uansistorJ eed, aural indica tiCD. model ~dealped fr.a metal ~tion1 and A N/PRS4 for nonmeta Ilie detection. Of the meta! deteetors, the traasistorleed model u the lighter and more powerful. All three models hav-e the BBme deTIC Lau::ea. They ma)' sfg:nal 8 smaJ 1 pieee of 90ra p &8 well as a rnetal-oa.sed explosive or .signal an air pocket in the

ot normal life. b., Often prisoner. of Wal' through interrogation ,a1veinforms .. tion on new o:r unknown boebytrs p devices that rrJlY aid in thei r identification and he. ndUng later on, Local inhabitants aJ50 often provide jnformation on booobytrapa laid in 't-he neighborhood. e. Sea.rehing for hoobytraps and delayed charges i~ diffleult and tedlouz pa.rti~u)Rrly when int:elligence is 1a.cl:ing or il:L.a.dequ.ate.. The extent of search required, the ease of plaeing and tamouJla.r1

especial1y when moving ever an area previously held by the enemy. A1though 8 soldier J::n:a.Y not. be assigned the responsibi l.ity lot'" Lheir detection. and clearance, he lnust he alert for any !dgn that In&Y hid) ca te thei r presence, He m us"t also discipline himself to look c8:refuDr for COIIIculed boobytra ps before perfonn ing many .a.cta

POOR MArJ'S

JAMES

BOND Vo2...

3

271

EOOByrrRAPS

iDg, and th~ (rent number of devices available to. the enemy m..a.b alight heJd at the other. DOI'~leg ft ues may be checked by Ioweri Jli''' the clearance of all cha.rgef. almost irnposslbte. Scarcn[ng parties brkk from a sate distance. before bei ng aent out, win be br: ~ ed on all that is known about n... Guard All buildings until they are occupied. ·enemy activities in the area .. cr. v,"'b.en possible and Dnly aiter a thoro'Ugh check, tam on An
13,

Qulcl.,., S.arc.hiI'lB iillll:hniquu As boobytra ps are so d ead ly and as a ru le c unningly concei ved and hidden, outdoor searc r~ parti es ehould be sus picious of 1ng a. All JJlwaible and ap'PArmttly valuable and useful property. b.. All disturbed grollrLd and litter from uplGah.e containers. c.. Marks intentionally left behind to a ttr-ac t nr diVel"t attention.

utilltie! from auuidt: the building ..

a..

in.gl while in Q. romolLt ur£'a,. ~e ra.n ~';"lop Qn (let[ ~~ ~h1t(t that 'W¢r1'I$ Aim nf rianO e"'_(t mbst 'Pl'llun bk aB8~ t t01t~ardse lJ-pro t.ett1on..
S.dlofl I, DISAIMING METHODS

by experir:m~e 4M ta:r~ful con1il'lVC~8 o/js€rta.tion ()f his ·8ttrt'ottltd-

Nou, A 80ldier btl tmin3'nh

MtI: dev.elop Aifll9t!n8E oj dc.:'1lfl()r.A ~a

Elrldence of former camouflage.

8. Abrupt chan.res Dr breaks in the oontihuity of anlol'object, such 69. N.utrali:t.arion sa .,mo·.tura!. appear.s.nces of feooet!!, pait1t vegtttatlon. and dust, tI. Th~ is the making of a dangerous boobytrap 3afl:! to handle. f. U:aneeessary things like nails, wire, or cord tha.t may be :part If tbil!l i9 nat possible, however, it must be deatroyed, ~eutTalb ..tion o~.boob:rtra.p. in'\l'olves two steps--disa1"'Jt'1..ing or replacing Sa.fEti~ in the 1irin" a. UnuBuBl marks that may be an enemy warning ot' dangf:r.. &ss.eI'l1 bh" .and de turift,!] or &epQ1":ilting Un::firjng assem b ly from the h. AD obstructions. for they are ideal. spats !crr ooobytrapa. main charge and the detonator from the.firing.assembly. Search carefully before Jiftinl'" a stone, moving a low n.nging lbnb, ~. Although types of boobytraps found in (".onv~ntiona.1 warfare or PU6hi.ng aside a broken-down wheelbarrow, in R combat :z(Jh£! vary rrea.tly. equipment used by most armies ill 1. Queer imprints or marks on :a road, which may lead a curious baeically s irnilAr exce pt in r:oru.t ruction d eta! Is. Accordi ngty, & penon to danger. knowledre of the meehanieal details and techniques in the DI! of ,.'• .A..bandoned vehicles, dugouts, wells, machinery, brldg~ gul- st&.ndard u.s. boobytrilppi1ll' equipment in ecnventional warfare Ues datU-e.g.or abandoned store.!. Also walk earefuUy in or around ~repBres & soldier to some ex.tent for dealing wi th that of the the.se. as pressure-release devicesare ea~i1Y'coneesi eo. under relative- enfmy. Th is. however is not tru e in guer r"iHawarla !'B. Most ell emy ly small obi eets, boo~"tra ps fou nd recen tl 'I ~ g1J~1*t iUa inf ested aN.&2~ were eunn k. Areas in which bocbytraps are not found hnIIl(!dj~tely~eVE!r ningly and in~nious]y ~ improvised .ann laid. SU1:h boobytraps can usum.e without further inves tig:a. tion thnt en tire are8,ll; are c. 1ear . rarely b@ neutralized even by the most experi e need spec ial ists, 1" ObvioD.Btrip wires, The presence of one trip wire attached to These are discussed and Illustrated in chapter 0. an object does not mean that there are ne others. Searchioi must be c.. Boebytraps 1lUI.y be neutralized by t wo methods, (1) Whencomplete. ever the loe.atjDn permits. they ma)+ be de~troyed by aetuatlnl' the mecha ni:;rn fram Ii B8 fe dis lan ce or d etonatin g a ch.arg~ near thl!! 'I. Ind~or SeoP'ching .c"-'Iqu., main charge, These she u ld be used at a 11times unl ~s.s tac ~ica I conThose In charge of dL!;pqsaJ teams should:, • ditiOhi!. Ale unfavorable (2) When nece-AAaryt boobytraps DULy be e, AS~.Q'D no mor-e ~n one man to 8 room In a building. dLu.ssembled b)' hand. As this is ex·tl"trnely dangerous, it should be b. Indicate the find IDg of a Jarre t.harge by B. prearranged sil'"n.aL All tMmB exeept those responsible for neutl13.1i:ting large . 122 ,. . clu.rges must then vacate the building immediately bv the oriR'inal a.ndertaken only by exFrltmced ano. extremel) skillful apec.lAhsu.. route of entry. • },totr.: Cum.']J~ete k1wu.:ledge ~f t~e ~slun 01 tht boob~tt"(lp ;f!.lould c. Enmme both sides of a door before touching So knob .. ObRenl"@ be obtat~d before .aJt~ neu~r"JtZatt(m loS ~ttmpt.:d. . throngh a window or break op~ a panel. 11 'doors and windOW!: d., In forward rnovernenta, all comphcated mec:harusrm.. to~ must be opened and both sides cannot be examined, use a long rope. an bypa.iSsed. These, are mal'"k~ and reported. for. neutralization d... Move c:areful]y in all buildlngs, for boobytraps may be rhmoo luter, when more deliberate Bellon may be taken without har1'&8S' to loose boards. trl OV~ ble br t cks, carpets, r&ised boards or stair men t by ~nemlo"fire. tre&rls~ window 1(J(':k~, door knobs, or e. ~l boobytIllPS exposed. to blast from ar!;illery fire or aerial e.. NEVer mOVE furniture. pictures, or simjlar obieets before bomb)ng shauld be d~~tl"Oyed lIT pl~e, . , eheclcing them cllrefully for release devices or pull wires, l. Boebytraps with unrecognisable or com~b~l1ted fj!~ng arf. Never open any box, ecpboard door. or drawer without care- TaDgE!lnents s?ould be marked and left for specialists to disarm, ful ch.eclci.ng. Sticky doors, drawers, or Eds; should be pulled with a (1) Electrically fired boobytraps are among the most dAngeTou~ long'ropl!.. of all: Though. rare in the put. they. now turn up freQuently In rl. Not sit 0:1. any chat r, sofa, or bed before careful examination. ~erl1Ua. w~:rfare. So~e may be Jd~ntlfie~ h7 the presence of eleeh. N ever connect broken wires or ope-rate switches be!ore ch ect- tI1:1! 1ea.d ~res, d.r~t ce. J s, or ot~IET~bat~1e~ Some are ~ll OOl1~ ing the entire circuit. Such action ma}~ connect power to a. charge. ~lners with all elements lllilc~ 1ruil~t! which actuate at. the &hrhtest i~ Remove all switch plates and trace all wires that; ~ppear for- disturbance. The~~ can hardly be dHHi1"med. eTJ'etl hy ~perts. eign to a eireuit, Examine aU appliances. (2)~ Another dlfficuJt type has d~l~ fUZJ.ng-8 ~prlng-:voundror t, mvet;:igate all repaired areas. Look for arming- holes. EnllU"ge elee.trJc ~}()~kwor~ for Jong del~ pe~]Orl5 OJ' cll~@JIll~l ~tlon flnn, 1 ,........ C'. b . b eft . d eVICe.s. A~ the tlme of d eto-nstlcn J 8 U11eerbnnt ~ uch boobytra PI wall and floor punctures~ aVlties may e ex.RInln@t'i yr ect1ng h ld be d ted· 1 ·f . ·b· ta t· H f 'bie.. a flashlight bEam 011 a hl..!1d mirror. (Th.is is also appUcable for s 01] P roy In p ace, I POs.sJ. U! or C 1CB Y eU:!tl searclting under a.ntilank mines.) 70. lUll,1. of Conllilud 121 o. Keep in con stant prw:ti ce by in Sl1ect: ng and swd yinr all k.. Empq..- all fire boxes;. rel"f'.o\'e the .a.shES~ eh~k fire wood. and known baobytrap m~thod.s and mecha.r'I~sm:s. mave h coalllile. ~. Develop patienc.e . .A careless a.~t may destruy you .e.nd other. 1. AI ways work from the b.!!Iement u't)lII.'ard. Ct.eek, move. and as w~ll. IlLUk evuything movable including \~ah~es.tape, levE'rs;o controls c. Renu:JDber that knowledge inspir€'s confiden~e. acree.ns~ .and the J jke. A clockwork de-lay m&y not be heani if it h ct. Let only one mli1n deal with .a boo bytra. p. Keep all oth~!I out well hidden. 01 d.anpl" tn.. Double cltock ba.!;o2D1.enl:.s and first t1.00l".s-es.pecial ty ehirnney .e. 1! ill doubt~ get help f.rom an expert, :flues. elevator and ven tiLa.tor sh.8& .. and ins.u l~ted dea.d AU r apa..:u. j. Ne~~e[' group to,rether when t h er-e is danger, Check str.aight flues and sh...~ftg by ob3'endn&" from one end against II, Be IJus.pieious of e.\,.ery unusual obj~ct.
l f

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POOR M..'\N' S _TAMES BOND
11. Rep.rdless of DB.tionaJity.. consider cunning .and [nge.niou, kj Her. 71.

Vol.

3

272

BOQBYTRAPS

I:very enemy .. rathl~

b. R~£zl 0/ Mat", C harpe (A "tita-nk M i1lt). Carefu l ptobi DB' or search around t.lu! chargoe is neceuary 10 loc::aq and neu tr-&lize all antiutt devieea. R~opjtlon of the type of. rlrilla: meclLani6m! used is neceuary to avoid cuua1ty. AU aafety metal

De.aU.cl Op.attons Q. Dt:!. true tiM10 i" Plcl.ee. (1) It daJnap is Re~ept.abl e, which ia generally the case out of doors J the operator rna,.. initiate boobytrap ri,ninl'l by their own mechaD ism. or- by a l'ope from & Wtf! poeition (at least 60 meterl &w-.y) " (~) The easjegt method of .Iettina rj d of • boobytrap Is t.o detonate I. pound of hlrh 9plos.iv~ adj acan t te. the main eha.r••.

fOIln5 extremely

~JU:;iUve u.lta readily detonated by handlihl' ..

Fuzes ()f certain types· become extremely Mnaitive to di.... lui the eh.ar,ge should be pulled from P1a.ce by • JTapnel Dr rope turbmce from. expomre to wet soil. The only all! method of aea .. :from a !&fa Jo.ca ticn, After till!! -chs.rp is pulled. the operator- should trali.zing 01" removing sueh de ter io1'8 ted boobytrs.ps ia detonathm. in wait at least SO aeccnds &S & B&fegulLrd .. pin.t Il oonceal.J delay pbtra I.CtiCD faze. 72. hpl • Ol.p,,_ c. H 4.;4 DiIa"'1ni'11g. None but trained gpeclaJiats mould uDdera. 1!!uany~exp]osive i~ !'~overed by hand neutralisa tlOIL ... take this job ..unless the boobytra p·5 eharacteriatiCiEi and di98.lDlin.r destroyed by apecialJy ..trained e1( plosl ve ordnance diSpOBal unltl.. te!hniqu5 are well known, Traiued llpecia.lilits only mould fnapeet Should untrained troop. be requ f red to do this, they Moo!d follD'W and destroy a1l un usu al or complic:ated mechanisml!l for wety rea.. estab Ulhed procedures with great care, E xploai VSi to bt! a.tanate:l !OM sDd for iniorma.tion on new enemy devil:e8. The following pro. should be buried in a pit at Ieast 4; feet dee~ 'DJ"Lder 2 feet of earth~ oeduru for hand neutrali:zatiOll are for ,.~idance only .. as the ex.ac:t free of rocb or other matter that may ber:omf.:.flying debris. MqU~ dependa on the type of devtee and the mann~r of pI.a.c.. b. CompoI'! en ts shou ld b@ placed on their side qr In position to ment. expose their huyest area to the icl"CE 01' the initiating e~1oaIve. Demol i on blocks should be used for destruction of lb.,", compoti (1) Do not touch any part af a boobytrap before examiniq it nents J if A\fBilable; but ban galore torped oes or dynamite m&J' ba ~ihly. Locate all IirinK' devic-e! and tbei r tri gger[na' meeh an- liubatitQted. P rimed eharges shou kI RlW8Yf! be eonneeted to AriD&' liIIUI... mechanisms by d-etonating- eord, so that bhlsti.ng eaJls may be eoD(2) When 'tract n:r wire" ..look for concealed intermediate devieea nacted Ilt the last min ute, Th.i..s elimi..rutte& cpertitIK the pit in the laid to impede searehl ns..Do not disturb any wires during the exam- Event 01 a mi sfi reo All persone enpa-e(l in di:lpoa.al mould tab ination of tfle ~bytr .. p, OO'ier when explosivE: eompcnenta 8I"E d~tonated. Despite the Z-foot (3} Cut loose trip "","iT" on]y ~r careful examination of all layer of e&rih, fragments ma~' be thrown at hi.rh 'Yeloe[ty for ...,.. connecti11.l ob j etta and. their tlJD~tion3 and rep1aciq all &at eli.. eral hundred vards. , 121 (4) Trace taut wires and disarm all connected flrinr devices bT replacing uf etiee. TAut wires shbul d be cut .only when the danpr at INDEX both ends ha& ~ eLim.fbaUd.

devieea must be rep1&cf:d.. 1:t' eomp1~te beutr"aJiUltion seems doubtr

123

(4)

.,v.

.

( 7} Without distu:rbing the main charre. cut detana tiQ' ~ord 01" other l mB betw"ee.n the disarmed :firing devices and the main
ehar.ll!r

(~) H~]~eu~dinaDm~~~u!i~~I!.lm~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~aI. wire ..eattel' pinK. &nd other obJ eets. (6) Never Ime force in disa.nni~ir firing de\""iees. AbudonecI mat.icl boobytra~inl
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(8) Cut wires leAding to .an electric detonator-OM at Q,. time. ~(:jIIII ... -~-~: --. r_ •• -- •• --. --. r (9) When u.8ing a probe. push it gently into the ,ground. StOf' AdI\T.a.tor lmDiI_ -- ---~ - •••• when ,... toucb any object... It may be a pressure eap Dr plate. ou A.d •. ~1lllIIIi--- - --- - - - ~~~•.•..

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Ex.plosive contai n ers 01 wood or cardboard" blll'i ed for lonr A.thority. bootlytrappi.DI ••••.• _ ..• periods are dangerous to distorb. They ar-e .ab.o ~ danprB&nt:,al(JfCI t.orpr.dCL. oua to probe if ID an ad'van~~ .8ta l.t! of decom porition. Deteriorated hi Ih explQJU\Tea are Ve1'l' susooptible to- detonation. Th as deatr-uc .. BlNtiDI capiII': ~c~c __~ r~.~~ ••••• _._._~~ __ ~.~.~ __ tion in lJlace of a boobytr a.p .and a c:oncen tra ted a:rea long el:po!!ied :E]..e(:~ClJ i~pruvil.etl __ .~_ ~_.~ • • __ • _. _~ ~... ~... _ • __ _ to mOl stu re llUL¥ detonate ma.ny others si m 11It a. neo w;]y. ~ODe~~----------~---~_~---~~_.~ __..__.__~~..T._ ~ 124 (2)
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Btidi:q: cmt.a.r:L ~_. _•. ~~_~ _ ~ utiOU8 in handJi nJ' d may m~hai8mJl. Altho\lch AmtUankmiJu! booby trapped ~ there may be little danger before the appojnted time, auxiliazy fir. PuU__• __: __~ in.. devieu may be present. All eompHeated aD d conluaing dei'ic.ea Pn!aU1'e"-rete.ue_ •• __ • ~~. ~__~• ~~~~_~~ 8hould ba destroyed in place or marked fer treatment by speei.1iIta. AtmGip bJd,. . __•. . ~~ ~~. ~_.•. _
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(8) Metal1k: explosive contajnere" after pmlon,ed burial are otten dangerous to remove. Oxidation :ma.y :make them reli&tant to deteetton. A.tter a time the exp10si ve rns.y beoome ecntamlna ted, increuinl' the dana:er in handling. E:s:plOBives con tAinm. picric .ell &re particularly dan,re:rOUl.as deterioratiOn from contact with
t

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BOND vo.i ,
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3

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BOOBYTRAPS
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