EG19: Abis Interface

Engineering Guideline for NR 8.6 and NR 8.5.1

401 - 380 - 349 Issue 2.0 November 1999 Lucent Technologies - Proprietary This document contains proprietary information of Lucent Technologies and is not to be disclosed or used except in accordance with applicable agreements Copyright © 1999 Lucent Technologies Unpublished and Not for Publication All Rights Reserved

Copyright ©1999 by Lucent Technologies. All Rights Reserved. This material is protected by the copyright laws of the United States and other countries. It may not be reproduced, distributed, or altered in any fashion by any entity (either internal or external to Lucent Technologies), except in accordance with applicable agreements, contracts, or licensing, without the express written consent of the Customer Training and Information Products organization and the business management owner of the material. Notice Every effort was made to ensure that the information in this information product (IP) was complete and accurate at the time of printing. However, information is subject to change.

Contents

1

INTRODUCTION About this Guideline Overview

1-1 1-1 1-1 2-1 2-1 2-1 2-1 2-3 2-3 2-4 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 2-11 2-12 2-13 3-1 3-1 3-2

2

DIMENSIONING THE ABIS INTERFACE FOR E1 Dimensioning the Abis Interface Abis Interface timeslot allocation Releases prior to NR8.0 Abis Interface timeslot allocation From release NR 8.0 Abis Timeslot Usage - Configuration Rules Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Example 4 Example 5 Example 6 Example 7

3

DIMENSIONING THE ABIS INTERFACE FOR T1 Dimensioning the Abis Interface Abis Interface timeslot allocation

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iii

Contents

Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Releases prior to NR8.0 Abis Interface timeslot allocation Abis Timeslot Usage - Configuration Rules Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Example 4 Example 5 Example 6 Example 7 Summary 4 REFERENCES References 5 ACRONYMS Acronyms COMMENTS FORM

3-2 3-3 3-4 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 3-11 3-12 3-13 3-14 4-1 4-1 5-1 5-1 5-3

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1

Introduction

About this Guideline
This Engineering Guideline provides a description of the physical characteristics of the Abis Interface and defines how it is dimensioned within the “Lucent GSM Network”.

Overview
The Abis Interface supports signaling and traffic circuits between the Base Transceiver Station (BTS2000) and the Base station Controller Frame (BCF-2000). The E1 Abis Interface is based on a data rate of 2.048 Mbit/s, the T1 Abis interface is based on a data rate of 1.544 Mbit/s. E1 carries 32 x 64 Kbit/s channels, while T1 carries 24 x 64 Kbit/s channels. Functions implemented at the Abis Interface are: • • • Voice/Data traffic exchange Signaling exchange between the BCF-2000 and BTS-2000 Transport of O&M information between the BTS-2000 and the BCF-2000

The bandwidth of each Abis Interface is shared by 31 timeslots1 for E1 and 24 timeslots for T1. Some timeslots are allocated to carry traffic and others to carry signaling information. When the Abis Interface is used in a Type 6 architecture, “Traffic” timeslots are subdivided into 4 x 16 2 Kbit/s subrate GSM1800/GSM900GSM1900 traffic channels. The situation is shown schematically in Figure 1 (E1) and Figure 2 (T1). Dual Band operation Traffic channels from differing frequency bands may be freely mixed onto a single Abis link following the normal configuration rules for single band use. E1 has 32 timeslots but timeslot 0 is utilised for frame synchronisation. These are termed “full-rate” 16 Kbit/s traffic channels. “Half-rate” 8kbit/s traffic channels will be available in the future.
2 1

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1-1

Introduction

Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

BTS-2000
2.048 Mb/s

BCF-2000

TS0

TS1

TS31

8 Bit frames Bit transfer Rate

either

or

64Kbit/s

64Kbit Signalling link Lucent release 4 method

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

4 Sub-rate channels in T ffi timeslot

Lucent release 5 method LAPD signalling concentration function

3 Kbit

13 Kbit

Abis Physical Characteristics

Figure 1: Physical characteristics of the E1 Abis Interface.

BTS-2000
1.544 Mb/s

Vocoded Speech

Overhead

BCF-2000

TS0

TS1

TS24

8 Bit frames Bit transfer Rate

either

or

64Kbit/s

64Kbit Signalling link Lucent release 4 method

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

16 Kbit

4 Sub-rate channels in T ffi timeslot

Lucent release 5 method LAPD signalling concentration function

3 Kbit

13 Kbit

Abis Physical Characteristics

Figure 2: Physical characteristics of the T1 Abis Interface.

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Vocoded Speech

Overhead

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Dimensioning the Abis Interface for E1

Dimensioning the Abis Interface
Lucent BTS-2000 products can have up to 3 Abis interface connections (e.g. 3 x E1 2.048Mbit/s links). • • Alternatively: • • 1 Abis interface to a BCF-2000 2 Abis interface outputs to provide the multidrop capability 2 Abis interfaces to a BCF-2000 1 Abis link output to provide the multidrop capability

One exception is the Lucent BTS-2000/2C which has a maximum of 2 Abis interfaces: • • 1 Abis interface to a BCF-2000 1 Abis link output to provide the multi-drop capability.

Abis Interface timeslot allocation
Releases prior to NR8.0
Each TRX connected via the Abis interface requires three timeslots:
• • 2 for voice traffic/data 1 for signaling

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Each Cell/Sector connected via the Abis interface requires 1 timeslot for O&M signaling.

Example: for a 3-sectored (3,3,3) site;

# Timeslots

= =

3 x # TRXs + # Cells 3 x 9 + 3 = 30 timeslots required

The Lucent BSS configuration allows a maximum of 7 multi-dropped BTS-2000s on a single Abis 3 Interface connection.

The maximum number of TRXs which can be placed on a single Abis is 10.
i.e. 3 x # TRXs + # Cells = = 3 x 10 + 1 31 (Max. No. of timeslots available on a single Abis

A single cell cannot be split across different Abis links. An omni 11 or omni 12 cannot be supported with rd Release 4 software release. A 3-sectored 4,4,4 or 4,4,3 can be supported by placing the 3 cell on a second Abis.

Number of Multidrops

1 Maximum TRXs Timeslots Required 10 31

2 9 29

3 9 30

4 9 31

5 8 29

6 8 30

7 8 31

Table 1: E1 Timeslot allocation summary (without LAPD concentration)

3

Multidrop indicates that more that one BTS can utilise the same Abis interface connection

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

SYNC

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

TRX1

TRX2

TRX3

TRX4

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

T or S07

T or S06

T or S05

T or S04

T or S03

TRX5 T or S04

S01

Where T =Traffic Channel ST = TRX Signalling S0n = Signalling for Cell n

Figure 3: Timeslot allocation with Release 4 software release.

Abis Interface timeslot allocation
From release NR 8.0
Network Release 8.0 provides the LAPD Link Concentrator Function. This allows the concentration of 4 logical signaling links onto one physical timeslot on the Abis Interface (i.e. .4 x 16Kbit/s subrate slots). This allows a more economical use of the Abis transmission capacity. Both TRX related signaling and cell (O&M) related signaling can be combined into a single timeslot, but all signaling channels sharing a timeslot must be in the same cell.
Each TRX connected via the Abis interface requires: • • or − 3 TRXs + 1 O&M ( all TRXs must be in the same cell and O&M must relate to that cell) 2 timeslots for voice traffic/data 1 timeslot for signaling. 1 timeslot can accommodate signaling for: − up to 4 TRXs (all TRXs must be in the same cell)

With these capacity increases, a single Abis interface can support up to 12 TRXs in multicell or single cell configurations

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TRX10

TRX6

TRX7

TRX8

TRX9

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Abis Timeslot Usage - Configuration Rules
This Abis LAPD Concentration can be used from GSM 8.0 onwards and on the BTS-2000 (with MRIF) and BTS-2000/2C, but is not usable on the BTS-2000P (with RIF) or the RBS-900.
The maximum recommended concentration rate is 4:1 (i.e. one BTC and three RT signaling slots per Abis timeslot or four RT signaling slots per Abis timeslot). If a cell (BTS) requires more than one Abis timeslot containing signaling channels (i.e. cells with more than 3 RTs) then the load (number of signaling channels) per Abis timeslots should be balanced (as described in table opposite). Number of Multidrops

1 Maximum TRXs Timeslots Required 12 28

2 12 28

3 12 30

4 12 28

5 12 29

6 12 30

7 12 31

8 11 30

9 11 31

10 10 30

Table 2: E1 Timeslot allocation summary (with LAPD concentration)

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

BTC, RT:0 BTC, RT:0, 1 BTC, RT:0, 3 1, 2 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1 3 4 nd RT:2, 3 2 2 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1 3 5 nd RT:2, 3, 4 3 2 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 4 1, 2 6 nd RT:3, 4, 5 3 2 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 4 1, 2 7 nd RT:3, 4, 5, 6 4 2 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1 3 nd 8 2 Abis TS RT:2, 3, 4 3 rd RT:5, 6, 7 3 3 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 4 1, 2 9 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5 3 rd RT:6, 7, 8 3 3 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 4 1, 2 10 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5, 6 4 rd RT:7, 8, 9 3 3 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 4 1, 2 11 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5, 6 4 rd RT:7, 8, 9, 10 4 3 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 4 1, 2 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5 3 12 rd 3 Abis TS RT:6, 7, 8 3 th RT:9, 10, 11 3 4 Abis TS * Abis timeslot containing signaling channels, this column doesn’t describe the absolute timeslot number.
Table 3: Balancing the Abis load

No. of TRXs per cell 1 2

No of used Abis timeslots * 1st Abis TS st 1 Abis TS st 1 Abis TS

Usage

Concentration rate 2 3 4

• • • • •

The Abis timeslots containing BTC signaling information will be configured on Abis timeslots 31, 30 and downwards. Abis timeslots 1, 2 and upwards will be configured as traffic slots (containing traffic channels). If an additional RT signaling slot is required, the Abis timeslot behind the last used “traffic” timeslot will be used. Each BTC requires it’s own Abis timeslot. It is impossible to concentrate BTC signaling slots (of different cells) into one 64kbit/s Abis timeslot. Due to FEICE-4881 there will be no merge of signaling channels of different cells (BTSs) into one Abis timeslot. The Abis timeslots containing BTC signaling channels will be filled with signaling channels for up to 3 RTs (the number of RT signaling channels depends on the number of RTs per cell and is given in Table 1).
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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

RT signaling and traffic channels:
For each RT a signaling channel is set first and then the traffic channels are created. The first RT signaling channels will be set to the Abis timeslot containing the BTC signaling channel of the appropriate cell (e.g. timeslot 31). If this Abis timeslot is already filled (as described in Table 1) then a new Abis timeslot (containing RT signaling channels) will be created, followed by the Abis timeslots containing RT traffic channels.
The same Abis configuration will be used for both BSS types: BCE-2000 and BCF-2000.

Remarks:

• • •

This Configuration Rule will be used by the Site Independent Scripts to support the creation of new BTSs. If an additional RT will be installed at a existing BTS the operator is not forced to use Table 1 (For example, if there is a BTS containing 3 RTs with all signaling channels in TS31 it is not necessary to move the RT signaling channel of RT:2 to the Abis timeslot containing the signaling information for the new RT:3). Possible restrictions in reference to the feature “BTS-2000/2C extension to 10 TRX” are not considered in this Configuration Rule.

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 1
For a 3-sectored (4,4,4) site: Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 12 = 24
Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 4 + 1= 2 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B and C are the same in this example. Total # signaling channels required = 3 x 2 = 6 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 6 + 24 = 30 The situation is shown schematically in Figure 4.

Cell 1
SYNC

Cell 2
T T T T S02 S4T T T T T

S01

S4T

T

T

T

T

TRX1

TRX2

TRX3

TRX4

TRX5

Cell 2
T T T T S03 S4T T T

Cell 3
T T T T T T

TRX10

TRX11

Where T =Traffic Channel SnT = Signalling for n TRXs S0n = Signalling for Cell n

Figure 4: Timeslot allocation for 4,4,4 configuration, with Release 5 release.

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TRX12

TRX7

TRX8

TRX9

TRX6

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 2
For a 2 x 2-sectored 3,3 on a single Abis:
Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 12 = 24 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis.

# Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4

3 + 1 therefore 1 timeslot required 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B and C are the same in this example.

Total # signaling channels required = 4 x 1 = 4 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 4 + 24 = 28

Cell 1
SYNC

Cell 2
T T T S3T+ S02 T T T T T T

S3T+ S01

T

T

T

TRX1

TRX2

TRX3

TRX4

TRX5

Cell 3
S3T+ S03 T T T T T T S3T+ S04 T T

Cell 4
T T T T

TRX10

TRX11

TRX6

Where T =Traffic Chanel SnT = Signalling for n TRXs S0n = Signalling for Cell n

Figure 5: Timeslot allocation for 2 x 2 sectored 3,3 on a single Abis, using release Release 5 software.

The Lucent BSS configuration at Release 5 allows a maximum of 7 multi-dropped BTSs on a single Abis Interface connection.

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TRX12

TRX7

TRX8

TRX9

Dimensioning the Abis Interface for E1

Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 3
4-4-4 Multicell or Multidrop Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 12 = 24 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 4+1=2 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B and C are the same in this example. Total # signaling channels required = 3 x 2 = 6 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 6 + 24 = 30. The situation is shown schematically in Table 2 below. Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Cell 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic Signaling RT:2,3 RT:2 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic TRX4 RT:3 Traffic RT:0 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic Signaling RT:2,3 RT:2 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic TRX4 RT:3 Traffic RT:0 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic Signaling RT:2,3 RT:2 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic TRX4 RT:3 Traffic Signaling Signaling Signaling BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1

A

B

C

C B A

Table 4: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (4-4-4 Multicell)

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Example 4
6-6 Multicell or Multidrop Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 12 = 24 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 6 + 1 = 2 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B are the same in this example. Total # signaling channels required = 2 x 2 = 4 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 4 + 24 = 28.
Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Cell 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic Signaling RT:3, 4, 5 TRX4 RT:3 Traffic RT:3 Traffic TRX5 RT:4 Traffic RT:4 Traffic TRX6 RT:5 Traffic RT:5 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic Signaling RT:3, 4, 5 TRX4 RT:3 Traffic RT:3 Traffic TRX5 RT:4 Traffic RT:4 Traffic TRX6 RT:5 Traffic RT:5 Traffic TRX1

A

B

B A

Signaling Signaling

BTC, RT:0,1,2 BTC, RT:0,1,2

Table 5: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (6-6 Multicell)

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Example 5
2-2-2-2-2-2 Multidrop (e.g. 6 x BTS-2000/2C) Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 12 = 24 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 2 + 1 = 1 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B, C, D, D, E, and F are the same in this example. Total # signaling channels required = 6 x 1 = 6 Total # Timeslots required = # signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 6 + 24 = 30.
Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Cell TRX1 A TRX2 TRX1 B TRX2 TRX1 C TRX2 TRX1 D TRX2 TRX1 E TRX2 TRX1 F TRX2 F E D C B A Signaling Signaling Signaling Signaling Signaling Signaling 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1

Table 6: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (2-2-2-22-2 Multicell)

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Example 6
8-4 Multicell or Multidrop Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 12 = 24 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 # TRX + 1 = 4 4 + 1 = 2 4 8 + 1 = 3 4

# Signaling Timeslots for cell B =

Total # signaling channels required = 2 + 3 = 5 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 5 + 24 = 29.
Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Cell 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic Signaling RT:2, 3, 4 RT:2 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic TRX4 RT:3 Traffic RT:4 Traffic TRX5 RT:4 Traffic Signaling RT: 5, 6, 7 RT:5 Traffic TRX6 RT:5 Traffic RT:6 Traffic TRX7 RT:6 Traffic RT:7 Traffic TRX8 RT:7 Traffic RT:0 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic Signaling RT: 2, 3 RT:2 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic TRX4 RT:3 Traffic

A

B

B A

Signaling Signaling

BTC, RT:0, 1 BTC, RT:0, 1

Table 7: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (8-4 Multicell)

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Example 7
12 Omnicell Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 12 = 24 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 12 + 1 = 4 4

Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 4 + 24 = 28.
Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Cell 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic Signaling RT: 3, 4, 5 RT:3 Traffic TRX4 RT:3 Traffic RT:4 Traffic TRX5 RT:4 Traffic RT:5 Traffic TRX6 RT:5 Traffic Signaling RT: 6, 7, 8 RT:6 Traffic TRX7 RT:6 Traffic RT:7 Traffic TRX8 RT:7 Traffic RT:8 Traffic TRX9 RT:8 Traffic Signaling RT: 9, 10, 11 RT:9 Traffic TRX10 RT:9 Traffic RT:10 Traffic TRX11 RT:10 Traffic RT:11 Traffic TRX12 RT:11 Traffic

A

A

Signaling

BTC, RT:0,1,2

Table 8: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (12 Omnicell)

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

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Dimensioning the Abis Interface for T1

Dimensioning the Abis Interface
Lucent BTS-2000 products can have up to 3 Abis interface connections (e.g. 3 x T1 1.544Mbit/s links). • • Alternatively: • • 1 Abis interface to a BCF-2000 2 Abis interface outputs to provide the multidrop capability 2 Abis interfaces to a BCF-2000 1 Abis link output to provide the multidrop capability

One exception is the Lucent BTS-2000/2C which has a maximum of 2 Abis interfaces: • • 1 Abis interface to a BCF-2000 1 Abis link output to provide the multi-drop capability.

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Abis Interface timeslot allocation
Releases prior to NR8.0
Each TRX connected via the Abis interface requires three timeslots:
• • 2 for voice traffic/data 1 for signaling

Each Cell/Sector connected via the Abis interface requires 1 timeslot for O&M signaling.

Example: for a 3-sectored (2,2,2) site;

# Timeslots

= =

(3 x # TRXs) + # Cells (3 x 6) + 3 = 21 timeslots required

The Lucent BSS configuration allows a maximum of 7 multi-dropped BTS-2000s on a single Abis 4 Interface connection.

The maximum number of TRXs which can be placed on a single Abis is 7.
i.e. (3 x # TRXs) + # Cells = (3 x 7) + 1 = 22 timeslots required

A single cell cannot be split across different Abis links. Number of Multidrops

1 Maximum TRXs Timeslots Required 7 22

2 7 23

3 7 24

4 6 22

5 6 23

6 6 24

Table 9: T1 Timeslot allocation summary (without LAPD concentration)

4

Multidrop indicates that more that one BTS can utilise the same Abis interface connection

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

TR X1

TR X2

TR X3

TR X4

TR X5

ST

T

T

ST

T

T

S01

TR X6

TR X7

Where T =Traffic Channel ST = TRX Signalling S0n = Signalling for Cell n

Figure 6: Timeslot allocation with Release 4 software release.

Abis Interface timeslot allocation
From release NR 8.0
Network Release 8.0 provides the LAPD Link Concentrator Function. This allows the concentration of 4 logical signaling links onto one physical timeslot on the Abis Interface (i.e. .4 x 16Kbit/s subrate slots). This allows a more economical use of the Abis transmission capacity. Both TRX related signaling and cell (O&M) related signaling can be combined into a single timeslot, but all signaling channels sharing a timeslot must be in the same cell.
Each TRX connected via the Abis interface requires: • • or − 3 TRXs + 1 O&M ( all TRXs must be in the same cell and O&M must relate to that cell) 2 timeslots for voice traffic/data 1 timeslot for signaling. 1 timeslot can accommodate signaling for: − up to 4 TRXs (all TRXs must be in the same cell)

With these capacity increases, a single Abis interface can support up to 10 TRXs in multicell or single cell configurations

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Abis Timeslot Usage - Configuration Rules
This Abis LAPD Concentration for T1 can be used from GSM 8.0 onwards and on the BTS-2000 (with MRIF2) and BTS-2000/2C, but is not usable on the BTS-2000P (with MRIF, RIF) or the RBS-900.
The maximum recommended concentration rate is 4:1 (i.e. one BTC and three RT signaling slots per Abis timeslot or four RT signaling slots per Abis timeslot). If a cell (BTS) requires more than one Abis timeslot containing signaling channels (i.e. cells with more than 3 RTs) then the load (number of signaling channels) per Abis timeslots should be balanced (as described in table opposite). Number of Multidrops

1 Maximum TRXs Timeslots Required 10 23

2 10 24

3 10 24

4 10 24

5 9 23

6 9 24

7 8 23

8 8 24

Table 10: T1 Timeslot allocation summary (with LAPD concentration)

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

BTC, RT:0 BTC, RT:0, 1 BTC, RT:0, 1, 3 2 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1 3 4 2nd Abis TS RT:2, 3 2 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1 3 5 2nd Abis TS RT:2, 3, 4 3 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1, 4 2 6 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5 3 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1, 4 2 7 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5, 6 4 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1 3 nd 8 2 Abis TS RT:2, 3, 4 3 3rd Abis TS RT:5, 6, 7 3 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1, 4 2 9 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5 3 rd 3 Abis TS RT:6, 7, 8 3 st 1 Abis TS BTC, RT:0, 1, 4 2 10 nd 2 Abis TS RT:3, 4, 5, 6 4 3rd Abis TS RT:7, 8, 9 3 * Abis timeslot containing signaling channels, this column doesn’t describe the absolute timeslot number.
Table 11: Balancing the Abis load

No. of TRXs per cell 1 2

No of used Abis timeslots * st 1 Abis TS 1st Abis TS 1st Abis TS

Usage

Concentration rate 2 3 4

• • • • •

The Abis timeslots containing BTC signaling information will be configured on Abis timeslots 24, 23 and downwards. Abis timeslots 1, 2 and upwards will be configured as traffic slots (containing traffic channels). If an additional RT signaling slot is required, the Abis timeslot behind the last used “traffic” timeslot will be used. Each BTC requires it’s own Abis timeslot. It is impossible to concentrate BTC signaling slots (of different cells) into one 64kbit/s Abis timeslot. Due to FEICE-4881 there will be no merge of signaling channels of different cells (BTSs) into one Abis timeslot. The Abis timeslots containing BTC signaling channels will be filled with signaling channels for up to 3 RTs (the number of RT signaling channels depends on the number of RTs per cell and is given in Table 1).

RT signaling and traffic channels:
For each RT a signaling channel is set first and then the traffic channels are created. The first RT signaling channels will be set to the Abis timeslot containing the BTC signaling channel of the appropriate cell (e.g. timeslot 31). If this Abis timeslot is already filled (as described in Table 1) then a new Abis timeslot (containing RT signaling channels) will be created, followed by the Abis timeslots containing RT traffic channels.
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Dimensioning the Abis Interface for T1

Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

The same Abis configuration will be used for both BSS types: BCE-2000 and BCF-2000.

Remarks:
• • This Configuration Rule will be used by the Site Independent Scripts to support the creation of new BTSs. If an additional RT will be installed at a existing BTS the operator is not forced to use Table 1 (For example, if there is a BTS containing 3 RTs with all signaling channels in TS31 it is not necessary to move the RT signaling channel of RT:2 to the Abis timeslot containing the signaling information for the new RT:3). Possible restrictions in reference to the feature “BTS-2000/2C extension to 10 TRX” are not considered in this Configuration Rule.

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 1
For a 3-sectored (3,3,3) site: Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 9 = 18
Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 3+1=1 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B and C are the same in this example. Total # signaling channels required = 3 x 1 = 6 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 3 + 18 = 21 The situation is shown schematically in Figure 7

Cell 1
S01 + S3T T T T T T T S02 + S3T T T

Cell 2
T T T T

TRX1

TRX2

TRX3

TRX4

TRX5

Cell 3
S03 + S3T

T

T

T

T

T

T

TRX8

TRX7

TRX9

Where: T =Traffic Channel SnT = Signaling for n TRXs S0n = Signaling for Cell n

Figure 7: Timeslot allocation for 3,3,3 configuration, using release Release 5 software.

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TRX6

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 2
For a 2 x 2-sectored sites, 2,2 configs on a single Abis:
Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 8 = 16 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis.

# Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 2 + 1 therefore 1 timeslot required 4 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B and C are the same in this example.

Total # signaling channels required = 4 x 1 = 4 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 4 + 16 = 20

Cell 1
S3T+ S01 T T T T S3T+ S02 T

Cell 2
T T T

TRX1

TRX2

TRX3

Cell 3
S3T+ S03 T T T T S3T+ S04 T

Cell 4
T T T

TRX5

TRX6

TRX7

TRX4 TRX8

Where: T =Traffic Channel SnT = Signaling for n TRXs S0n = Signaling for Cell n

Figure 8: Timeslot allocation for 2 x 2 sectored 2,2 on a single Abis, using release Release 5 software.

The Lucent BSS configuration at Release 5 allows a maximum of 7 multi-dropped BTSs on a single Abis Interface connection.

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 3
3,3,3 Multicell or Multidrop Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 9 = 18 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 3+1=1 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B and C are the same in this example.

Total # signaling channels required = 3 x 1 = 3 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 3 + 18 = 21. The situation is shown schematically in Table 2 below. Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Cell TRX1 A TRX2 TRX3 TRX1 B TRX2 TRX3 TRX1 C TRX2 TRX3 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic

C B A

Signaling Signaling Signaling

BTC, RT:0,1,2 BTC, RT:0,1,2 BTC, RT:0,1,2

Table 12: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (3,3,3 Multicell)

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Example 4
5,5 Multicell or Multidrop Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 10 = 20 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 5+1=2 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B are the same in this example. Total # signaling channels required = 2 x 2 = 4 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 4 + 20 = 24. Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Cell TRX1 TRX2 A TRX3 TRX4 TRX5 Signaling TRX1 TRX2 B TRX3 TRX4 TRX 5 B A Signaling Signaling Signaling 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT:4 Traffic RT:4 Traffic RT: 0, 1, 2 RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT:4 Traffic RT:4 Traffic RT: 0, 1, 2 BTC, RT: 3, 4 BTC, RT: 3, 4

Table 13: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (5,5 Multicell)

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 5
2,2,2,2 Multidrop (e.g. 6 x BTS-2000/2C) Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 8 = 16 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 2+1=1 4

Signaling Timeslots required for cell B, C, D and E are the same in this example.

Total # signaling channels required = 4 x 1 = 4 Total # Timeslots required = # signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 4 + 16 = 20. Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Cell TRX1 A TRX2 TRX1 B TRX2 TRX1 C TRX2 TRX1 D TRX2 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic

D C B A

Signaling Signaling Signaling Signaling

BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1 BTC, RT:0,1

Table 14: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (2,2,2,2 Multicell)

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 6
6, 4 Multicell or Multidrop Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 10 = 20 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 # TRX + 1 = 4 6+1=2 4 4+1=2 4

# Signaling Timeslots for cell B =

Total # signaling channels required = 2 + 2 = 4 Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 4 + 20 = 24. Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Cell TRX1 TRX2 TRX3 A TRX4 TRX5 TRX6 Signaling TRX1 TRX2 B TRX3 TRX4 B A Signaling Signaling Signaling 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT:4 Traffic RT:4 Traffic RT:5 Traffic RT:5 Traffic RT:2, 3, 4, 5 RT:0 Traffic RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:2 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT:3 Traffic RT: 2, 3 BTC, RT:0, 1 BTC, RT:0, 1

Table 15: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (6-4 Multicell)

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Example 7
10 Omnicell Traffic Timeslots required = 2 x # TRXs = 2 x 10 = 20 Perform the signaling timeslot calculation on a per cell basis. # Signaling Timeslots for cell A = # TRX + 1 = 4 10 + 1 = 3 4

Total # Timeslots required = # Signaling timeslots + # Traffic timeslots = 3 + 20 = 23. Timeslot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Cell 4:1 concentration RT:0 Traffic TRX1 RT:0 Traffic RT:1 Traffic TRX2 RT:1 Traffic RT:2 Traffic TRX3 RT:2 Traffic Signaling RT: 3, 4, 5, 6 RT:3 Traffic TRX4 RT:3 Traffic RT:4 Traffic TRX5 RT:4 Traffic RT:5 Traffic TRX6 RT:5 Traffic Signaling RT: 7, 8, 9 RT:6 Traffic TRX7 RT:6 Traffic RT:7 Traffic TRX8 RT:7 Traffic RT:8 Traffic TRX9 RT:8 Traffic RT:9 Traffic TRX10 RT:9 Traffic Signaling BTC, RT:0,1,2

A

A

Table 16: Performing a Timeslots calculation on a per cell basis (10 Omnicell)

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

Summary
Table 17 gives a brief summary of the Abis maximum capacities: Max. BTSs on drop & insert Max. No. of TRXs E1 T1 E1 T1 7 (see note 2) 6 (see note 2) 10 (see note 1) 7 (see note 1)

NR to 8.0 (without LAPD concentration) LM4 NR from 8.0(with LAPD concentration) LM5 10 (see note 2) 8 (see note 2) 12 (see note 1) 10 (see note 1)
Table 17: A summary of the Abis maximum capacities

Note 1: Figures are based on a single cell containing the maximum number of TRXs. Note 2: Figures are based on the maximum number of cells each containing one TRX.

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References

References
[Ref. 1] [Ref. 2] BSS Network Configuration Training Course (WL9011), Issue A, June 19 1997 Lucent Network Design Tool (NDT). Available through Offer Engineering, Swindon, England Network Configuration Guidelines Abis signalling link concentration (EG 1)

[Ref. 3] [Ref. 4]

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References

Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

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Acronyms

Acronyms
ACC ACE ACU BCF BHCA BSS BTC BTS DCE DFU DTE GOS GMSK GSM HP ITU-T LAPD MSC MRIF Advanced Communications Cards Antenna Coupling Equipment Accessory Control Unit Base station Controller Frame Busy Hour Call Attempts Base station Sub-System BTS Central Controller Base Transceiver Frame Data Communications Equipment Digital Facility Unit Data Terminal Equipment Grade Of Service Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying Global System for Mobile communications Hewlett Packard International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications Link Access Procedural type D Mobile service Switching Centre Mini Rack Interface

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Acronyms

Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

NDT NSAP O&M OMC PCM30 RBS-900 RIF RT SDFU SS7 STF TRX BCF BSS BTC BTS GSM ITU-T LAPD MRIF NDT O&M PCM30 RBS-900 RIF RT TRX

Network Design Tool Network service Access Point Operations & Maintenance Operations and Maintenance Centre Pulse Code Modulation Radio Base Station 900 Rack Interface Radio Terminal Sub-rate Digital Facility Unit ITU-T Signaling System No. 7 Speech Transcoding Frame Transceiver Base Controller Frame Base Station System BTS Central Controller Base Transceiver System Global System for Mobile communication International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications Link Access Procedural type D Mini Rack Interface Network Design Tool Operations & Maintenance Peripheral Module Channel Radio Base Station 900 Rack Interface Radio Terminal Transceiver

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Abis Interface Engineering Guideline

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