Anthony P.

Carnevale Jeff Strohl Michelle Melton

Acknowledgements
• Introduction Acknowledgements
3

We would like to express our gratitude to the individuals and organizations that have made this report possible. First, we thank the Lumina Foundation and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for their support of our research over the past few years, and in particular, we are grateful for the support of Jamie Merisotis, Hilary Pennington, Holly Zanville, and Parminder Jassal. We are honored to be partners in their mission of promoting postsecondary access and completion for all Americans. We also want to thank our editor, Vic Caleca, and our designer, Woodpile Studios, as well as Ban Cheah, Nicole Smith, Stephen Rose, Tamara Jayasundera, Laura Meyer, Peter Daniels, and numerous other colleagues, too many to list here, who provided support and insight throughout the process.

Table of Contents

Introduction Summary of Findings Table of Major Groups

6 8 30

Comparison Across Major Groups Agriculture and Natural Resources Arts Biology and Life Science Business Communications and Journalism Computers and Mathematics Education Engineering Health Humanities and Liberal Arts Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Law and Public Policy Physical Sciences Psychology and Social Work Social Science

32 46 54 62 74 82 90 98 110 124 132 144 152 160 168 176

• Table of Contents
5

are all Bachelor’s degrees the same? Over the years. But other. for most students. students have had little financial data on hand to help them choose between majors. However. when asked whether to go to college. That is why we detail the economic value of 171 specific undergraduate majors. While going to college is undoubtedly a wise decision. At the extreme. labor force has grown from 28 percent to 34 percent. then. too. which majors should students consider if they want the best chance of earning familysustaining wages? And. more specific questions have been harder to resolve. that is how much more money a full-time. Although earning potential is not the only issue a student should consider when selecting a major.1 • Introduction At the extreme. Bachelor’s degree holders earn 84 percent more than those with a high school diploma. On average. Since 1992. we believe it is an important one. what you take while you’re there matters a lot. the proportion of workers with Bachelor’s degrees in the U. there has been a persistent lack of available information about the economic consequences of choosing one academic major over another. as we stated. returns to majors run a wide gamut. . the answer should be a resounding “yes.S. Answering that big general question has been relatively easy.” And statistics show that Americans are drawing that conclusion in ever-growing numbers. Our report finds that different majors have different economic value. the highest earning major earns 314 percent more at the median than the lowestearning major at the median. the highest earning major earns 314 percent more at the median than the lowest-earning major at the median. full-year worker with a Bachelor’s degree can expect to earn over a lifetime than a colleague who has no better than a high school diploma. As a result. here is a number to keep in mind: 84 percent. No longer. Namely. On average. Clearly.Introduction 6 When considering the question of whether earning a college degree is worth the investment in these uncertain economic times.

full-year workers with Bachelor’s degrees (but no graduate diplomas) vary dramatically — from $29. and the like. for instance. These same earnings information by gender and race/ethnicity. Earnings are a function not only of which degree you have. Among other things. In some ways. 1 The second section compares earnings and other outcomes across broad major groups. The pathways between education and work: which occupations and industries employ the most workers with various majors. • Introduction 7 . then. The remaining sections deal in detail with each of the 15 major groups. we also found that there are significant differences. we give an overview that compares all detailed majors by earnings. Our study evaluates the economic impact of different majors only on full-time.000 for Petroleum Engineering majors.To summarize. The likelihood that a person with a specific major will obtain a graduate degree and the subsequent earnings return that a graduate degree confers. while we found that any degree is better than no degree. we detail the wages for Physical Sciences majors compared to Humanities and Liberal Arts. labor force characteristics.000 for Counseling Psychology majors to $120. providing information on. The list of all 171 majors and the 15 groups into which they fall can be found on page 30. These groups are: l l l l l l l l l l l l l Median earnings and earnings variation among typical workers (at the 25th and 75th percentiles) for all (not only recent graduates) full-time. They compare the majors within these groups. and the likelihood of attaining a graduate degree between Education and Communications and Journalism majors. the differences in earnings between a General Business major and an Accounting major. The second section aggregates the 171 majors into 15 major groups. analyzes holders of Bachelor’s degrees only (those who do not get a graduate degree). l l l l l l Agriculture and Natural Resources Arts Biology and Life Science Business Communications and Journalism Computers and Mathematics Education Engineering Health Humanities and Liberal Arts Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Law and Public Policy Physical Sciences Psychology and Social Work Social Science Not all Bachelor’s degrees are the same. gender and racial/ethnic composition. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s degree. a student’s choice of undergraduate college major can be almost as important as deciding whether to get a Bachelor’s degree at all. we detail: l In the summary of findings. with one exception. Data on labor market attachment (employment and work status) by specific undergraduate major. For example. full-year workers. the median earnings for full-time. For example. and all of our data. but also what you have majored in.

Summary of Findings: Highlights and Tables of Detailed Majors
The 2009 American Community Survey includes questions on major field of study for all individuals holding a Bachelor’s degree that results in 171 majors. This section details findings at the specific major level.
Most and Least Popular Majors Given the immense number of majors available, any one attracts only a small percentage of the total population. usiness Management and Administration B (8 percent) is the most popular major, followed by General Business (5 percent), Accounting (5 percent), and Nursing (4 percent). l he least popular majors include Military T Technologies, Soil Science, and Pharmacology (all less than 1 percent of all majors). (See Tables 1-2)
l

Gender Concentrations by Major arly Childhood Education is the major E with the highest proportion of women (97 percent). It is followed by Medical Assisting Services (96 percent), and Communication Disorders Sciences and Services (94 percent). l he majors in which women are most T heavily concentrated are almost exclusively in the Education and Health fields. l he majors with the highest proportion of T men are Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (97 percent), and Mechanical Engineering and Related Technologies (94 percent). l he top 10 majors with the highest T proportion of men are in the Engineering and Industrial Arts and Consumer Services majors. (See Tables 3-4)
l

• Summary of Findings
8

Top Majors by Race/Ethnicity sians with Bachelor’s degrees are most A concentrated in Computer Engineering (33 percent of people in these majors are Asian), followed by Statistics and Decision Science (30 percent) and Neuroscience (27 percent). l chool Student Counseling has the highest S proportion of African-American Bachelor’s degree holders (38 percent), followed by Human Services and Community Organization (21 percent) and Counseling Psychology (20 percent). l iological Engineering has the highest B concentration of Hispanic Bachelor’s degree holders (22 percent), followed by International Business (21 percent), and Social Psychology (19 percent).
l

Which degree you have matters—but so does your major.

ther Races (including Pacific Islanders O and Native Americans) are most concentrated in Court Reporting (8 percent), followed by Mathematics and Computer Science (4 percent), and Cognitive Science and Biopsychology (3 percent). l hite Bachelor’s degree holders are conW centrated in Forestry (93 percent), Natural Resources Management (92 percent), and Agriculture Production and Management (92 percent). (See Tables 5-9)
l

Earnings for the Most Popular and Least Popular Majors2 usiness Management and Administration B is the most popular major (8 percent of all majors). Bachelor’s degree holders with this major earn $58,000 at the median and their earnings range from $40,000 at the 25th Percentile to $85,000 at the 75th Percentile. l eneral Business is the second most G popular major (5 percent of all majors) with median earnings of $60,000, ranging from $40,000 at the 25th percentile to $90,000 at the 75th percentile. l ccounting is the third most popular major A (4 percent) and earns $63,000 at the median and ranges from $43,000 at the 25th percentile to $95,000 at the 75th percentile. l t the other end of the spectrum, A some of the least popular majors include Actuarial Science (median $68,000), Oceanography (median $70,000), Botany (median $42,000), and Miscellaneous Agriculture (median $47,000). (SeeTables 10-11)
l

etroleum Engineering is by far the highestP earning Bachelor’s degree major with median earnings of $120,000 and 75th percentile earnings of $189,000. This is followed by Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration with median earnings of $105,000 and Mathematical and Computer Science with median earnings of $98,000. l ounseling Psychology is the lowest-paying C Bachelor’s degree major with a median of $29,000 and a 75th percentile peak of $42,000. This is followed by Early Childhood Education, with median earnings of $36,000 and Theology and Religious Vocations and Human Services and Community Organization, which both have median earnings of $38,000. (See Tables 12-13)
l

Majors with the Lowest Earnings at the 25th Percentile Another way to understand the value of a major is by the earnings at the 25th percentile. From this perspective: harmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and P Administration (25th percentile: $83,000), Petroleum Engineering (25th percentile: $82,000), and Mathematics and Computer Science (25th percentile: $75,000) are the top three earning majors. l ounseling Psychology has the lowest 25th C percentile earnings ($21,000), followed by Health and Medical Preparatory Programs (25th percentile: $24,000), and Studio Arts (25th percentile: $26,000). (See Tables 29-30)
l

2

ll earnings data are A for full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s degree (no graduate degree).

• Summary of Findings
9

Highest- and Lowest-earning Majors

Median earnings for those with Bachelor’s degrees vary greatly— from $29,000 for Counseling Psychology majors to $120,000 for Petroleum Engineering majors.

Variations in Earnings There are numerous reasons why Bachelor’sdegree holders earn widely varying amounts— even within a given major. As might be expected, majors that earn the most also have the highest variation in earnings.
l

Highest- and Lowest-earning Majors: Men
l

10

While having the highest median earnings, Petroleum Engineering also has extreme variation. The gap between the typical highest earning and typical lowest earnings is $107,000.

l

l

Petroleum Engineering has the largest gap between earnings at the 25th and 75th percentiles: $107,000. This is followed by Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering majors (variation: $76,000) and Mining and Mineral Engineering majors (variation: $73,000). Early Childhood Education majors have the least variation ($16,000), followed by Teacher Education ($18,000), and Special Needs Education majors ($18,000). (See Tables 27-28)

l

Male Bachelor’s degree holders4 earn the most with a major in Petroleum Engineering (median $120,000), Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration (median $110,000), and Chemical Engineering (median: $92,000). Male Bachelor’s degree holders earn the least with a Visual and Performing Arts major (median: $36,000); one of the few majors where women earn more than men. This is followed by Theology and Religious Vocations (median: $40,000) and Human Services and Community Organization (median: $40,000). (See Tables 16-17)

• Summary of Findings

Earnings by Race/Ethnicity5
l

Highest- and Lowest-earning Majors: Women
l

3

This analysis is done only on women working full-time, full-year with a terminal Bachelor’s degree. This analysis is done on men working full-time, full-year with a terminal Bachelor’s degree. The variations in earnings by race are complicated—they could be due to a variety of factors, including occupational and industrial segregation, age structure of people who attained these majors (older workers would earn more), or discrimination. We have not analyzed the reasons for these differences. However, all earnings by race are for full-time, fullyear workers with a terminal Bachelor’s degree.

l

4

Female Bachelor’s degree holders3 earn the most with a Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration (median $100,000), followed by Information Sciences (median $75,000), and Chemical Engineering (median $72,000). Female Bachelor’s degree holders earn the least in Theology and Religious Vocations (median $33,000) followed by Human Services and Community Organization (median $35,000), and Cosmetology Services and Culinary Arts (median $36,000). (See Tables 14-15)

l

l

l

5

l

Whites have the highest earnings with a Bachelor’s degree in Petroleum Engineering (median: $120,000) and earn the least with a major in Early Childhood Education (median: $36,000). African-Americans earn the most with a major in Electrical Engineering (median: $68,000) which is significantly less than the median for Whites ($90,000) and Asians ($80,000) in these majors, but just slightly ahead of the Hispanics ($60,000). African-American Bachelor’s degree holders earn the least with a major in General Medical and Health Services (median: $32,000) which is $18,000 lower than Whites with the same major. Hispanics earn the most with a major in Mechanical Engineering ($70,000 median). However, the median for Hispanics is $13,000 less than the median for Whites with the same major. Hispanics earn the least in Theology and Religious Vocation majors with median earnings of $30,000, which is less than the White and African-American medians in this field.

Biological Engineering majors are widely dispersed through industries.l l l l l Where Majors End Up Working By Occupation l Bachelor’s degree majors link to occupations with different levels of connectivity.000). 77 percent of Bachelor’s degree holders who majored in Medical Assisting Services work in the Health Services industry. Engineering occupations (14 percent) and Sales occupations (9 percent). The majors with the highest rates of graduate degree attainment include: l l l School Student Counseling (91 percent). Special Needs Education is another example of a major that tightly links to an occupation (71 percent of these majors are found in Education). Other Races (including Pacific Islanders and American Indians) earn the most with a major in Nursing (median: $60. Sales occupations (15 percent). The underlying data suggests that this is one explanation of earnings variation. and Education occupations (13 percent). l Nursing majors lead to employment in the Health Services industry 84 percent of the time. Graduate Degree Attainment and Impact of Graduate School on Earnings Some majors are more likely to obtain a graduate degree than others. but 6 percent are found in Management occupations.000).000) which is slightly less than that of Whites ($40. most majors lead to broad sets of occupations. Office occupations (14 percent). but no major is perfectly linked to an occupation. it is more often the case that a major opens employment doors across many industries. For instance: l l However. This is especially the case in the Health Services and Educational Services sectors. Professional Services (10 percent). Educational Administration and Supervision (89 percent). (See Table 34) l Physics majors can be found in Computer occupations (19 percent). • Summary of Findings 11 Asians earn the most with a Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration major (median: $100. For instance: l Liberal Arts Majors are found in the Educational Services (17 percent). Management occupations (19 percent). Health Services (11 percent).000) and the least with a major in General Business (median: $40. but in limited cases majors have a tight relationship with an industrial sector. Retail Trade (9 percent) and Financial Services (9 percent) industries. Asians earn the least with a major in Elementary Education (median: $34. They are in Durable Manufacturing (16 percent). (See Tables 18-26) By Industry Frequently. and Non-Durable Manufacturing (9 percent) industries. Liberal Arts majors are found in Management occupations (18 percent). Health and Medical Preparatory Programs (79 percent).000). (See Table 31) However. For instance: . Construction (11 percent). (See Table 32) l 82 percent of Nursing majors end up in Health Practice Occupations.000) which is just slightly under that of Whites ($108. 70 percent of Special Needs Education majors work in the Education Services sector. knowledge is used widely across industrial sectors.

Pharmacology. Other majors have relatively high unemployment rates. and Communication Disorders Sciences and Services (32 percent) are associated with more part-time work.6 Those with the highest earnings bump from a graduate degree include: l l l Health and Medical Preparatory Programs (190 percent). among them Social Psychology (16 percent). including Geological and Geophysical Engineering. Zoology (123 percent). (See Tables 35-36) 12 Obtaining a graduate degree leads to higher earnings. How much additional earnings a graduate degree confers varies by undergraduate major. and Educational Administration and Supervision (11 percent). (See Table 37-38) 6 This varies for a variety of reasons. Visual and Performing Arts (35 percent). Those majors with the lowest rates of graduate degree attainment include: l Work and Employment Status Some majors. . Miscellaneous Social Sciences (134 percent). Construction Services (11 percent). Studio Arts (3 percent). other majors are less likely to obtain a graduate degree. such as Medical Assisting Services (48 percent). Petroleum Engineering (7 percent). and Geological and Geophysical Engineering (97 percent) are associated with high rates of working full-time. and School Student Counseling. Communication Technologies (11 percent). (See Tables 41-42) l • Summary of Findings l Commercial Art and Graphic Design (9 percent). such as Genetics (99 percent). Other fields. Mining and Mineral Engineering (99 percent). Nuclear Engineering (11 percent). Those majors which get the lowest earnings boost from graduate education include: l l l Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology (1 percent).In contrast. (See Tables 39-40) Some majors have virtually no unemployment. Military Technologies. and we do not claim that it varies solely based on the undergraduate major.

01 <.01 <. Precision Production and Industrial Arts Geological and Geophysical Engineering Nuclear Engineering Soil Science Geosciences Educational Administration and Supervision Pharmacology Astronomy and Astrophysics Military Technologies School Student Counseling • Summary of Findings 13 1: TOP 10 MOST POPULAR MAJORS .01 <.Tables 1–42 Business Management and Administration General Business Accounting Nursing Psychology Elementary Education Marketing and Marketing Research General Education English Language and Literature Communications Percent Total 8 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 Percent Female 44 39 52 92 71 91 51 76 67 58 Percent Male 56 61 48 8 29 9 49 24 33 42 2: LEAST POPULAR MAJORS Percent Total <.01 <.01 <.01 <.01 <.01 Percent Female 11 27 9 24 36 53 56 27 7 94 Percent Male 89 73 91 76 64 47 44 73 93 6 More people with Bachelor’s degrees majored in Business Management than any other major.01 <.01 <.

5 Asians are most concentrated in Computer Engineering.5 67 5 1 27 <0.3: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH HIGHEST CONCENTRATION OF WOMEND Percent Women 97 96 94 94 93 93 92 91 89 88 Percent Men 3 4 6 6 7 7 8 9 11 12 Women are heavily concentrated in Education and Health majors. • Summary of Findings Early Childhood Education Medical Assisting Services School Student Counseling Communication Disorders Sciences and Services Library Science Family and Consumer Sciences Nursing Elementary Education Nutrition Sciences Special Needs Education D There was a tie for last place. and we are representing some.Percent Percent Races & White American Hispanic Asian Ethnicities 54 4 9 33 <0.5 61 8 1 30 <0. of those majors that tied.5 68 0 5 26 1 67 3 3 26 1 64 6 7 22 1 61 4 14 22 <0. these may not add to 100 percent. .5 68 5 6 20 1 66 6 8 20 1 71 5 4 20 <0. 14 4: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH HIGHEST CONCENTRATION OF MEN Percent Women 3 6 7 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 Percent Men 97 94 93 92 91 91 91 90 90 90 Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies Military Technologies Construction Services Electrical and Mechanic Repairs And Technologies Nuclear Engineering Industrial Production Technologies Mechanical Engineering Mining and Mineral Engineering Electrical Engineering Technology 5: TOP 10 MAJORS BY CONCENTRATION OF ASIAN BACHELOR’S DEGREE HOLDERS∆ Percent Percent Other Percent African. but not all. Computer Engineering Statistics and Decision Science Neuroscience Biomedical Engineering Other Foreign Languages Electrical Engineering Military Technologies Biochemical Sciences Applied Mathematics Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration ∆ Due to rounding.

and we are representing some.5 21 11 1 2 20 3 5 1 18 6 5 1 18 10 4 2 16 9 3 1 16 3 4 <0. of those majors that tied. these may not add to 100 percent.5 69 13 14 3 1 61 7 13 18 1 73 4 13 10 <0.5 Biological Engineering International Business Social Psychology Court Reporting Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Military Technologies Clinical Psychology Industrial and Organizational Psychology General Engineering International Relations ∆ Due to rounding.Percent Percent Races & American Hispanic Asian Ethnicities 38 <0. • Summary of Findings 15 .5 15 7 6 1 15 6 7 1 14 4 7 1 School Student Counseling Human Services and Community Organization Counseling Psychology Health and Medical Administrative Services Public Administration Social Work Miscellaneous Social Sciences General Medical and Health Services Public Policy Community and Public Health D Percent White 56 65 72 71 67 71 77 71 72 73 There was a tie for last place.5 6 <0. these may not add to 100 percent.5 61 14 15 2 8 70 5 14 9 1 61 4 14 22 <0.5 70 14 14 2 <0. 7: TOP 10 MAJORS BY CONCENTRATION OF HISPANIC BACHELOR’S DEGREE HOLDERS∆ Percent Percent Other Percent African.6: TOP 10 MAJORS BY CONCENTRATION OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN BACHELOR’S DEGREE HOLDERSD∆ Percent Percent Other African. these may not add to 100 percent. of those majors that tied.5 8 5 2 8 7 13 2 21 11 1 2 18 10 4 2 3 9 11 2 11 6 18 2 Court Reporting Mathematics and Computer Science Molecular Biology Cognitive Science and Biopsychology Astronomy and Astrophysics Area Ethnic and Civilization Studies Human Services and Community Organization Public Administration Intercultural and International Studies Electrical Engineering Technology D Percent White 61 82 68 64 84 69 65 67 75 62 ∆ There was a tie for last place. but not all.5 58 4 21 16 1 67 12 19 2 <0. ∆ Due to rounding.Percent Percent Races & White American Hispanic Asian Ethnicities 62 3 22 12 <0. 8: TOP 10 MAJORS BY CONCENTRATION OF OTHER RACES & ETHNICITIES BACHELOR’S DEGREE HOLDERSD∆ Percent Percent Other African. and we are representing some. but not all. Due to rounding.Percent Percent Races & American Hispanic Asian Ethnicities 14 15 2 8 8 2 4 4 6 7 16 3 6 11 16 3 <0.

000 88. and we are representing some.000 125.000 120.000 43. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.5 91 3 4 1 <0. and we are representing some.000 63.000 134. these may not add to 100 percent.000 90.000 D * Full-time.000 40.000 110.000 54. Due to rounding.000 82.000 58.5 3 6 <0.000 92.000 70. and we are representing some.000 29.000 106.01 <.000 60.000 30.000 70. 11: EARNINGS FOR THE TOP 10 LEAST POPULAR MAJORS*D Percent of All Majors <.5 92 2 3 3 <0. 10: EARNINGS FOR THE TOP 10 MOST POPULAR MAJORS*D Percent of All Majors 8 5 5 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 Earnings at 25th Percentile 40.5 • Summary of Findings Forestry Natural Resources Management Agriculture Production and Management Plant Science and Agronomy Nuclear Engineering Animal Sciences Soil Science Miscellaneous Agriculture Agricultural Economics Art and Music Education D 16 ∆ There was a tie for last place.5 90 3 5 2 <0.000 80.000 50.000 100. .000 52.01 <.5 91 4 4 1 <0.000 47. but not all.000 42. of those majors that tied. of those majors that tied.000 45.000 50.01 <.000 100.000 56.01 Earnings at 25th Percentile 53.5 90 5 3 1 1 90 4 4 2 <0. There was a tie for last place.000 39.01 <.01 <. but not all.000 40.000 40. There was a tie for last place.5 92 2 4 2 <0.000 95.000 50.000 43.000 Earnings at 75th Percentile 85.01 <.000 48.000 Business Management and Administration General Business Accounting Nursing Psychology Marketing and Marketing Research Communications Elementary Education Computer Science Finance Median 58.000 31.000 Earnings at 75th Percentile 126.000 65.01 <.01 <.000 65.000 80. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 75.000 Actuarial Science Electrical and Mechanic Repairs and Technologies Metallurgical Engineering Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Botany Mining and Mineral Engineering Oceanography Physical Sciences Mathematics and Computer Science Miscellaneous Agriculture Median 68.000 50.000 57.01 <.000 60.000 42. but not all.Percent Percent Races & White American Hispanic Asian Ethnicities 93 1 4 2 1 92 2 3 2 <0.9: TOP 10 MAJORS BY CONCENTRATION OF WHITE BACHELOR’S DEGREE HOLDERSD∆ Percent Percent Other Percent African.000 D * Full-time.5 91 <0.000 44.000 50.000 98.000 31. of those majors that tied.000 69.000 75.000 77.000 80.000 35.

000 Earnings at 75th Percentile 42.000 70.000 86. but not all.000 106.000 60. and the least in Theology and Religious Vocations. of those majors that tied.000 36.12: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST MEDIAN EARNINGS*D Earnings at 25th Percentile 82.000 40.000 65.000 120.000 Earnings at 75th Percentile 189.000 67. and we are representing some.000 40.000 31.000 Percent Male 58 74 77 78 93 93 83 86 70 87 Median Male Earnings 110.000 105.000 85.000 80.000 60. but not all.000 67.000 24.000 125.000 92.000 60.000 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 87.000 52.000 60.000 80.000 64.000 86.000 82.000 134.000 59.000 26.000 40.000 * Full-time.000 52. 13: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST MEDIAN EARNINGS*D Earnings at 25th Percentile 21. • Summary of Findings 17 Petroleum Engineering Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Mathematics and Computer Science Aerospace Engineering Chemical Engineering Electrical Engineering Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Mechanical Engineering Metallurgical Engineering Mining and Mineral Engineering Median 120.000 .000 98.000 27.000 38.000 110.000 53.000 26. First Field of Degree 5% code Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Information Sciences Chemical Engineering Computer Science Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Computer Engineering Business Economics Civil Engineering * Full-time.000 38.000 44.000 30.000 120. D There was a tie for last place.000 80.000 * Full-time.000 62.000 75.000 80.000 80.000 75.000 60.000 79.000 40. D There was a tie for last place. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Counseling Psychology Early Childhood Education Theology and Religious Vocations Human Services and Community Organization Social Work Drama and Theater Arts Studio Arts Communication Disorders Sciences and Service Visual and Performing Arts Health and Medical Preparatory Programs Median 29.000 80.000 70.000 105.000 120.000 59.000 80.000 29.000 83.000 39.000 29.000 52. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Women earn the most with a degree in Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration. 14: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR WOMEN* Percent Female 42 26 23 22 7 7 17 14 30 13 Median Female Earnings 100.000 45.000 50.000 115.000 27.000 70. and we are representing some.000 72.000 60.000 71.000 80. of those majors that tied.

000 90.000 l 7 l l l l 70.000 82.000 80. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 82.000 36.000 * Full-time.000 40.000 92.000 110. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 45.000 36.000 52. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 86.000 36.000 l 59 68 81 14 33 41 78 53.000 18 l 16: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR MEN*D Percent Female Petroleum Engineering Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Chemical Engineering Aerospace Engineering Electrical Engineering Engineering and Industrial Management Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Environmental Engineering Metallurgical Engineering Mechanical Engineering l Median Female Earnings l 42 23 l 100.000 38. of those majors that tied. but not all.000 80. and we are representing some.000 56. There was a tie for last place.000 38.000 Percent Male 76 22 l • Summary of Findings Theology and Religious Vocations Human Services and Community Organization Early Childhood Education Animal Sciences Cosmetology Services and Culinary Arts Agriculture Production and Management Social Work Linguistics and Comparative Language and Literature Studio Arts General Agriculture * Full-time.000 38.000 38.000 52. D .000 50. Median Male Earnings 40.000 l l l l 7 70.15: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR WOMEN* Percent Female 24 78 100 41 32 19 86 67 59 22 Median Female Earnings 33.000 35.000 72.000 37.000 80.000 48. Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Percent Male 100 58 77 100 93 100 100 100 100 93 Median Male Earnings 120.

000 83.000 l l l l l l Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings l l Petroleum Engineering Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Chemical Engineering Aerospace Engineering Electrical Engineering Mining and Mineral Engineering Mechanical Engineering Engineering and Industrial Management Engineering Mechanics Physics and Science 100.000 l l l l l l l l l l 59.000 40.000 40.000 38.000 80.000 l l 70. • Summary of Findings 19 Visual And Performing Arts Human Services And Community Organization Theology And Religious Vocations Drama And Theater Arts Social Science Or History Teacher Education Physiology Teacher Education: Multiple Levels Music Elementary Education Studio Arts .000 90.000 40.000 39.000 40.000 39.000 45.000 45.000 * Full-time.000 49.000 44. and we are representing some.000 35.000 83. D There was a tie for last place.000 80.000 92.000 45.000 l l * Full-time.000 42.000 Percent Male 35 22 76 44 56 51 30 59 12 41 Median Male Earnings 36. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 45.000 l 60. 18: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR WHITES*D AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings l l 120.000 l 68.000 l 65.000 l 70.000 l l 70.000 97. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 95.17: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR MEN* Percent Female 65 78 24 56 44 49 70 41 88 59 Median Female Earnings 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. but not all.000 40.000 33.000 45.000 108. of those majors that tied.000 l 80.

000 l l 36. Electrical Engineering. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 l l l l l l l l l l l l 40.000 80.000 60.000 64. African-Americans earn $22. .000 61.000 40. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 41.000 58.000 68.000 59.000 60. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 l 38. 20: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS* AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings 90.000 l l l l Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings l l l l 20 Even in their highest-paying major.000 34.000 55.000 70.000 38.19: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR WHITES* AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings 32.000 40.000 54.000 50.000 41. Counseling Psychology Early Childhood Education Human Services and Community Organization Theology and Religious Vocations Communication Disorders Sciences and Services Studio Arts Teacher Education: Multiple Levels Elementary Education Social Work Family and Consumer Sciences • Summary of Findings l l l l 30.000 l 70.000 l 65.000 65.000 65.000 37.000 40.000 70.000 38.000 65.000 35. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 * Full-time.000 l l l l l l * Full-time.000 less than Asians with the same major.000 83.000 l 70.000 58.000 76.000 70.000 62.000 65.000 56.000 60.000 60.000 40.000 less than Whites and $12.000 38.000 35.000 l 37.000 65.000 42.000 40.000 56.000 l Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Information Sciences Computer Science General Engineering Nursing Management Information Systems and Statistics Architecture Medical Technologies Technicians Computer Networking and Telecommunications Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings l 80.000 60.000 55.000 l 75.000 l 70.000 40.000 60.

l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 46.000 40.000 47.000 l 72.000 68.000 41.000 80. but not all.000 l 36.000 40.000 80. 22: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR HISPANICS*D AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings 83.000 43.000 43.000 44. and we are representing some.000 80.000 44.000 39.000 65.000 41.000 70.000 65.000 95.000 l Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Management Information Systems and Statistics Computer Science Electrical Engineering Computer and Information Systems Chemical Engineering Architecture Nursing Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings l 70.000 70. D There was a tie for last place.000 59.000 l . but not all.000 l Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings l l l l General Medical and Health Services Early Childhood Education Family and Consumer Sciences Human Services and Community Organization Social Work Fine Arts Physical Fitness Parks Recreation and Leisure Liberal Arts Mass Media Elementary Education l l l l l l l l l 38.000 65.000 38.000 40.000 60.000 38.000 38.000 50.000 l 40.000 40.000 l 65. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. D There was a tie for last place.000 35.000 65.000 38.000 l * Full-time. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 40.000 59.000 62.000 34. • Summary of Findings 21 37.000 l l l l l l 55.000 70.000 32.000 61.000 65.000 64.000 60.000 70.000 75.000 35.000 l 80. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. of those majors that tied.000 80.000 40.000 60.000 l 41.000 40.21: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS*D AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings 50.000 60.000 37.000 60.000 56.000 90.000 * Full-time.000 60. of those majors that tied.000 56.000 51.000 58. and we are representing some.

000 40.000 30.000 74.000 43.000 75.000 l 60.000 47.000 l l l 50.000 50.000 70.000 90.000 75.000 59.000 l 61.000 l 70. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 40.000 72.000 80.000 56.000 62.000 44.000 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 70.000 40.000 43.000 45.000 40.000 34.000 43.000 80. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 * Full-time. of those majors that tied.000 50.000 46.000 40. .000 Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings l l l l l l l l l l l l Theology and Religious Vocations Advertising and Public Relations General Education Social Work Mathematics Physical and Health Education Teaching Biology Psychology Elementary Education Fine Arts • Summary of Findings 37. 24: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR ASIANS*D AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Computer Science Physics Civil Engineering Chemical Engineering General Engineering Mathematics 108.23: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR HISPANICS* AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings 38.000 60.000 40.000 40.000 70.000 50.000 42. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 80.000 38.000 76.000 95.000 40.000 65.000 38.000 80.000 38. but not all.000 52.000 22 * Full-time.000 42.000 l 51.000 50.000 l l l Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings 100.000 42.000 80.000 80. and we are representing some.000 80. D There was a tie for last place.000 70.000 38.000 40.000 50.000 70.000 40.000 l l l l l l l l l l 68.000 38.

000 38.000 43.000 58.000 Petroleum Engineering Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Mining And Mineral Engineering Actuarial Science Engineering Mechanics Physics and Science Engineering and Industrial Management Oceanography Physics Economics Business Economics * Full-time.000 67.000 60.000 40.000 60.000 Earnings at the 75th Percentile 189.000 110.000 l 34.000 50.000 38.000 68.000 63. 27: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE MOST EARNINGS VARIATION BETWEEN THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th Percentile 82.000 126.000 l Music Elementary Education Family and Consumer Sciences General Education Mass Media General Agriculture Liberal Arts Fine Arts History English Language and Literature * Full-time.000 65.000 l l 50.000 48.000 • Summary of Findings 23 .000 l 38.000 l 37.000 l 45.000 Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings 70.000 120.000 46.000 42.000 53.000 42.000 42.000 40.000 45.000 50. v Sample size problems prevent us from providing great detail about the earnings of Other Races/Ethnicities.000 45.000 47.000 110.000 68.000 43.000 66.000 44. 26: EARNINGS FOR OTHER RACES*v AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings 60.000 50. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 l 44.000 70.000 40.000 50.000 50.000 Nursing Business Management and Administration Accounting General Business Commercial Art and Graphic Design * Full-time.000 60.000 49.000 41. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 46.000 52.000 41.000 52.000 53.000 l 44.000 l l 40.000 50.000 40.000 35.000 115.000 105.000 l 40.000 l 37.000 42.000 73.000 125.000 48.000 45.000 l 47.000 l 40.000 68.000 40.000 Other Races Asian & Ethnicities Median Median Earnings Earnings 33.000 42.000 42.000 73.000 108.000 40.000 45.000 49. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 76.000 43.000 41.000 40. Difference 107.000 51. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.25: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST MEDIAN EARNINGS FOR ASIANS* AfricanWhite American Hispanic Median Median Median Earnings Earnings Earnings 42.000 52.000 38.000 120.

and we are representing some. but not all.000 28. 29: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST EARNINGS AT THE 25TH PERCENTILE* Median Earnings 105.000 21.000 24 There was a tie for last place.000 86.000 29.000 51.000 120.000 78.28: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LEAST VARIATION BETWEEN THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILED Earnings at the 25th Percentile 29.000 31.000 60.000 53.000 55.000 22.000 18.000 134.000 87.000 52.000 24.000 Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Petroleum Engineering Mathematics and Computer Science Chemical Engineering Aerospace Engineering Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Computer Engineering * Full-time.000 54. of those majors that tied. .000 100.000 35.000 26.000 35.000 53.000 45.000 120.000 56. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 60.000 50.000 103.000 27.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile 83.000 55.000 85.000 21.000 18.000 • Summary of Findings Early Childhood Education Special Needs Education Teacher Education: Multiple Levels Mathematics Teacher Education Elementary Education Language and Drama Education Counseling Psychology Social Work General Education Art and Music Education D Difference 16.000 75.000 71.000 82.000 75.000 33.000 28.000 60.000 115. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 19.000 60.000 24.000 Earnings at the 75th Percentile 120.000 80.000 110.000 Earnings at the 75th Percentile 45. of those majors that tied.000 55.000 30.000 32.000 75.000 Counseling Psychology Health and Medical Preparatory Programs Studio Arts Visual and Performing Arts Human Services and Community Organization Theology and Religious Vocations Molecular Biology Miscellaneous Health Medical Professions Botany Early Childhood Education * Full-time.000 57. D There was a tie for last place.000 56.000 19.000 32.000 60.000 101.000 63.000 21.000 105. but not all.000 42.000 34.000 189.000 57.000 24.000 26.000 56.000 27.000 29.000 Earnings at the 75th Percentile 42.000 52. and we are representing some.000 98. 30: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE LOWEST EARNINGS AT THE 25TH PERCENTILE*D Earnings at the 25th Percentile 21.000 59.

31: OCCUPATIONAL CONCENTRATION: EXAMPLES OF MAJORS WITH TIGHT LINKAGES WITH AN OCCUPATION 1st Occupation (%) HLTH PROF (82) HLTH PROF (76) EDU (71) HLTH PROF (69) EDU (66) 2nd Occupation (%) MGMT (6) SALES (7) MGMT (8) OFF (8) OFF (9) 3rd Occupation (%) HLTH SUP (2) MGMT (5) OFF (5) HLTH SUP (5) MGMT (6) 32: OCCUPATIONAL CONCENTRATION: EXAMPLES OF MAJORS THAT ARE DISPERSED ACROSS OCCUPATIONS 1st Occupation (%) COMP (19) MGMT (19) MGMT (18) MGMT (18) MGMT (18) MGMT (18) MGMT (18) MGMT (18) MGMT (18) 2nd Occupation (%) MGMT (19) SALES (13) OFF (16) LS (16) SALES (16) SALES (15) EDU (11) HLTH PROF (13) SALES (13) 3rd Occupation (%) ENGR (14) LS (10) ARTS (12) SALES (9) OFF (15) OFF (14) OFF (11) SALES (13) OFF (12) 4th Occupation (%) SALES (9) HLTH PROF (9) SALES (10) HLTH PROF (8) EDU (11) EDU (13) COMM (10) OFF( 10) COMM (10) Physics Zoology Drama and Theater Arts Ecology History Liberal Arts Miscellaneous Psychology Multi-Disciplinary or General Science Philosophy and Religious Studies Some majors link up with specific occupations— but some majors do not. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN • Summary of Findings 25 Nursing Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Special Needs Education Medical Assisting Services Elementary Education .

33: INDUSTRY CONCENTRATION: EXAMPLES OF MAJORS THAT HAVE TIGHT LINKAGES WITH A PARTICULAR INDUSTRY 1st Industry (%) HS (84) HS (77) HS (75) EDU (70) CON (69) HS (69) EDU (66) HS (64) EDU (62) EDU (60) 2nd Industry (%) EDU (3) PROF (3) PROF (5) HS (11) PROF (6) EDU (9) HS (8) MAN-d (7) HS (5 ) RETL (13) 3rd Industry (%) PUB (3) EDU (3) EDU (3) PUB (4) MAN-d (4) PUB (3) FIN (4) RETL (7) MAN-nd (4) OS (8) • Summary of Findings Nursing Medical Assisting Services Medical Technologies Technicians Special Needs Education Construction Services Treatment Therapy Professions Elementary Education Nuclear. and Biological Technologies Teacher Education: Multiple Levels Educational Administration and Supervision 26 34: INDUSTRY CONCENTRATION: EXAMPLES OF MAJORS THAT ARE WIDELY DISPERSED ACROSS INDUSTRIES 1st Industry (%) EDU (17) FIN (17) EDU (17) FIN (17) EDU (17) MAN-d (17) AG (16) MAN-d (16) PROF (16) PROF (16) FIN (16) 2nd Industry (%) PUB (15) PROF (17) HS (11) PROF (17) RETL (11) RETL (11) RETL (11) CON (11) HS (10) EDU (14) RETL (11) 3rd Industry (%) HS (12) EDU (10) RETL (9) EDU (15) PUB (11) PROF (10) FIN (7) PROF (10) PUB (10) RETL (13) PROF (10) 4th Industry (%) FIN (9) PUB (8) FIN (9) MAN-d (9) AG (10) MAN-nd (9) CON (6) MAN-nd (9) ARTS (9) MAN-nd (6) MAN-d (8) General Social Sciences International Relations Liberal Arts Mathematics Miscellaneous Agriculture Operations Logistics and E-Commerce Agriculture Production and Management Biological Engineering Ecology Fine Arts General Business Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd . Industrial Radiology.

and Biological Technologies Film Video and Photographic Arts Marketing and Marketing Research Advertising and Public Relations 37: HIGHEST AVERAGE EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Percent Boost from a Graduate degree 190 134 123 115 107 106 101 93 81 78 Health and Medical Preparatory Programs Miscellaneous Social Sciences Zoology Molecular Biology Public Policy Biology Biochemical Sciences Chemistry Pre-Law and Legal Studies Physiology • Summary of Findings 27 School Student Counseling Educational Administration and Supervision Health and Medical Preparatory Programs Communication Disorders Sciences and Services Counseling Psychology Library Science Physics Clinical Psychology Biochemical Sciences Nuclear Engineering 91 percent of School Student Counseling majors obtain a graduate degree. . while only 9 percent of Commercial Art and Graphic Design majors do so. Industrial Radiology.35: TOP 10 MAJORS MOST LIKELY TO OBTAIN A GRADUATE DEGREE Percent with Graduate Degree 91 89 79 72 70 67 67 66 64 64 36: TOP 10 MAJORS LEAST LIKELY TO OBTAIN A GRADUATE DEGREE Percent with Graduate Degree 9 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 14 15 Commercial Art and Graphic Design Communication Technologies Construction Services Cosmetology Services and Culinary Arts Electrical And Mechanic Repairs and Technologies Hospitality Management Nuclear.

 40: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH HIGHEST PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT Part-Time Percent 48 35 32 31 30 30 29 29 29 29 Medical Assisting Services Visual and Performing Arts Communication Disorders Sciences and Services Pharmacology Health and Medical Preparatory Programs Linguistics and Comparative Language and Literature Treatment Therapy Professions Studio Arts Music Botany . but not all. of those majors that tied.38: LOWEST AVERAGE EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Percent Boost from a Graduate degree 1 3 7 11 11 12 13 15 16 16 • Summary of Findings Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology Studio Arts Petroleum Engineering Oceanography Mass Media Advertising and Public Relations Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Forestry Computer Engineering Miscellaneous Education 28  39: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH HIGH FULL-TIME EMPLOYMENTD Full-Time Percent 99 99 97 96 96 96 95 95 95 94 Genetics Mining and Mineral Engineering Geological and Geophysical Engineering Engineering Mechanics Physics and Science Nuclear Engineering Oceanography Mechanical Engineering Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Petroleum Engineering Agricultural Economics D There was a tie for last place. and we are representing some.

of those majors that tied. but not all. ** Of people in the labor force. and we are representing some. and we are representing some. but not all.  42: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST UNEMPLOYMENT RATES D8 Social Psychology Nuclear Engineering Educational Administration and Supervision Biomedical Engineering Linguistics and Comparative Language and Literature Mathematics and Computer Science United States History Court Reporting Counseling Psychology Studio Arts D Unemployment Rate 16 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 10 9 There was a tie for last place. of those majors that tied.41: TOP 10 MAJORS WITH THE HIGHEST EMPLOYMENT RATESD Employment Rate 100 100 100 100 99 99 99 98 98 98 D There was a tie for last place. • Summary of Findings 29 Geological and Geophysical Engineering Military Technologies Pharmacology School Student Counseling Medical Assisting Services Metallurgical Engineering Treatment Therapy Professions Agricultural Economics Agriculture Production and Management Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology .

Table of Major Groups AGRICULTURE & NATURAL RESOURCES AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION & MANAGEMENT ANIMAL SCIENCES FOOD SCIENCE FORESTRY GENERAL AGRICULTURE MISCELLANEOUS AGRICULTURE NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PLANT SCIENCE & AGRONOMY SOIL SCIENCE ARTS COMMERCIAL ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN DRAMA & THEATER ARTS FILM VIDEO & PHOTOGRAPHIC ARTS FINE ARTS MUSIC STUDIO ARTS VISUAL & PERFORMING ARTS BIOLOGY & LIFE SCIENCE BIOCHEMICAL SCIENCES BIOLOGY BOTANY COGNITIVE SCIENCE & BIOPSYCHOLOGY ECOLOGY ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE GENETICS MICROBIOLOGY MISCELLANEOUS BIOLOGY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY NEUROSCIENCE PHARMACOLOGY PHYSIOLOGY ZOOLOGY BUSINESS ACCOUNTING ACTUARIAL SCIENCE BUSINESS ECONOMICS BUSINESS MANAGEMENT & ADMINISTRATION FINANCE GENERAL BUSINESS HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES & PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS & STATISTICS MARKETING & MARKETING RESEARCH MISCELLANEOUS BUSINESS & MEDICAL ADMINISTRATION OPERATIONS LOGISTICS & E-COMMERCE COMMUNICATIONS & JOURNALISM ADVERTISING & PUBLIC RELATIONS COMMUNICATIONS JOURNALISM MASS MEDIA COMPUTERS & MATHEMATICS APPLIED MATHEMATICS COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMPUTER ADMINISTRATION MANAGEMENT & SECURITY COMPUTER & INFORMATION SYSTEMS COMPUTER ENGINEERING COMPUTER NETWORKING & TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPUTER PROGRAMMING & DATA PROCESSING COMPUTER SCIENCE INFORMATION SCIENCES MATHEMATICS MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION ART & MUSIC EDUCATION EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION & SUPERVISION ELEMENTARY EDUCATION GENERAL EDUCATION LANGUAGE & DRAMA EDUCATION LIBRARY SCIENCE MATHEMATICS TEACHER EDUCATION MISCELLANEOUS EDUCATION PHYSICAL & HEALTH EDUCATION TEACHING SCHOOL STUDENT COUNSELING SCIENCE & COMPUTER TEACHER EDUCATION SECONDARY TEACHER EDUCATION SOCIAL SCIENCE OR HISTORY TEACHER EDUCATION SPECIAL NEEDS EDUCATION TEACHER EDUCATION: MULTIPLE LEVELS ENGINEERING AEROSPACE ENGINEERING ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING ARCHITECTURE BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CIVIL ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING & INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING MECHANICS PHYSICS & SCIENCE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING GENERAL ENGINEERING • Table of Major Groups 30 .

& OTHER COMMON FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDIES HISTORY HUMANITIES INTERCULTURAL & INTERNATIONAL STUDIES LIBERAL ARTS LINGUISTICS & COMPARATIVE LANGUAGE & LITERATURE OTHER FOREIGN LANGUAGES PHILOSOPHY & RELIGIOUS STUDIES THEOLOGY & RELIGIOUS VOCATIONS UNITED STATES HISTORY INDUSTRIAL ARTS & CONSUMER SERVICES CONSTRUCTION SERVICES COSMETOLOGY SERVICES & CULINARY ARTS ELECTRICAL & MECHANIC REPAIRS & TECHNOLOGIES FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES MILITARY TECHNOLOGIES PHYSICAL FITNESS. ETHNIC.GEOLOGICAL & GEOPHYSICAL ENGINEERING INDUSTRIAL & MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES MATERIALS ENGINEERING & MATERIALS SCIENCE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING MECHANICAL ENGINEERING RELATED TECHNOLOGIES METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING MINING & MINERAL ENGINEERING MISCELLANEOUS ENGINEERING MISCELLANEOUS ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES NAVAL ARCHITECTURE & MARINE ENGINEERING NUCLEAR ENGINEERING PETROLEUM ENGINEERING HEALTH COMMUNITY & PUBLIC HEALTH GENERAL MEDICAL & HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH & MEDICAL ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES HEALTH & MEDICAL PREPARATORY PROGRAMS MEDICAL ASSISTING SERVICES MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES TECHNICIANS MISCELLANEOUS HEALTH MEDICAL PROFESSIONS NURSING NUTRITION SCIENCES PHARMACY PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES & ADMINISTRATION TREATMENT THERAPY PROFESSIONS HUMANITIES & LIBERAL ARTS ANTHROPOLOGY & ARCHEOLOGY AREA. PARKS. LATIN. INDUSTRIAL RADIOLOGY. GERMAN. & BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES OCEANOGRAPHY PHYSICAL SCIENCE PHYSICS PSYCHOLOGY & SOCIAL WORK CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY HUMAN SERVICES & COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION INDUSTRIAL & ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY MISCELLANEOUS PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY SOCIAL WORK SOCIAL SCIENCE CRIMINOLOGY ECONOMICS GENERAL SOCIAL SCIENCES GEOGRAPHY INTERDISCIPLINARY SOCIAL SCIENCES INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS MISCELLANEOUS SOCIAL SCIENCES POLITICAL SCIENCE & GOVERNMENT SOCIOLOGY STATISTICS AND DECISION SCIENCE • Table of Major Groups 31 . & CIVILIZATION STUDIES ART HISTORY & CRITICISM COMPOSITION & SPEECH ENGLISH LANGUAGE & LITERATURE FRENCH. & LEISURE PRECISION PRODUCTION & INDUSTRIAL ARTS TRANSPORTATION SCIENCES & TECHNOLOGIES LAW & PUBLIC POLICY COURT REPORTING CRIMINAL JUSTICE & FIRE PROTECTION PRE-LAW & LEGAL STUDIES PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC POLICY PHYSICAL SCIENCES ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES & METEOROLOGY CHEMISTRY GEOLOGY & EARTH SCIENCE GEOSCIENCES MULTI-DISCIPLINARY OR GENERAL SCIENCE NUCLEAR. RECREATION.

and Biology and Life Science. Asians make more than Whites. and Hispanics make $56.Comparison Across Major Groups • Comparison Across Major Groups We have categorized 171 undergraduate majors into the following major groups: • griculture and A Natural Resources • Arts • Biology and Life Science • Business • ommunications and C Journalism • Computers and Mathematics • Education • Engineering • Health • Humanities and Liberal Arts • ndustrial Arts and I Consumer Services • Law and Public Policy • hysical Sciences P • Psychology and Social Work • Social Science The most popular major group is Business. Law and Public Policy.000.000 less than men in this category (followed closely by Engineering and Physical Sciences. making $18. Asians make $72. Other Races.000 less than their male counterparts). with 25 percent of all students. the least popular are Industrial Arts and Consumer Services and Agriculture and Natural Resources. the median earnings for Whites with an undergraduate major in Engineering are higher than those for Asians. There are racial differences.000. with 1. African-Americans make $60. For example.000).000. where women earn $17.6 percent each. while the lowest are the Education and Psychology and Social Work groups ($42. Psychology and Social Work. Women with an undergraduate major in the Social Science group have the largest earnings differentials. Other Races make $57.000. 32 . in Health.000). and Hispanics (Whites make $80.000). However. African-Americans. The highest median earnings are found in the Engineering major group ($75. too.

• Comparison Across Major Groups 33 Engagement with the labor force also varies significantly by major group. Those most likely to be unemployed are in the Arts group (8 percent). Education (77 percent). while those least likely to be unemployed are in the Health major group (with unemployment of only 2 percent). Biology and Life Sciences majors get the largest return to a graduate degree (101%). while those in the Communications and Journalism and Industrial Arts and Consumer Services major groups are the least likely (only 20 percent do so). However. The likelihood of being unemployed fluctuates by major group as well.000 (a difference of $52. Law and Public Policy also has the highest concentration of Hispanics (10 percent). . while the major groups with the highest concentrations of men are Engineering (84 percent) and Agriculture and Natural Resources (70 percent). The group with the widest variation is Computers and Mathematics. Earnings within these major groups can differ widely. The highest concentration of Asians can be found in Computers and Mathematics (16 percent).000). followed closely by Business (21 percent). and Psychology and Social work (74 percent). People with an undergraduate major in Biology and Life Science are the most likely to obtain an advanced graduate degree (54% do so). where the 25th percentile median earnings are $48. and Arts majors get the smallest returns (23%). Those most likely to work full-time are in Engineering (93 percent) and those most likely to work part time are in the Arts group (24 percent). The likelihood of obtaining a graduate degree varies significantly by major group. The major group with the highest concentrations of Whites is Agriculture and Natural Resources (90 percent).The major groups that have the greatest concentrations of women are Health (85 percent). while the highest concentration of African-Americans is in Law and Public Policy (14 percent).000. and the 75th percentile are $100.

000 Physical Sciences 55. 70. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Engineering Computers and Mathematics 60.000 34 .000 Agriculture and Natural Resources 50.000 Health 59.000 Business 60.000 Communications and Journalism * Full-time.000 Social Science 50.• Comparison Across Major Groups MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR GROUPS* 75.

000 Law and Public Policy 50. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Industrial Arts and Consumer Services 50.000 Education 42.000 Humanities and Liberal Arts 44.50.000 Psychology and Social Work * Full-time. • Comparison Across Major Groups 35 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR GROUPS* (Continued) .000 Biology and Life Science 47.000 Arts 42.

000 40. ** Of people in the labor force.986. However.000 44.000 42.000 52.000 41.000 50.5 8.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 35.000 30.A gr Nat icultur ura e an l Re sou d rces Com and munic Jour atio nali ns sm Bio l Life ogy an Scie d nce Com Ma puter them s an atic d s s ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† • Comparison Across Major Groups Total Bachelor’s % of All Majors Arts 530.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 73 77 46 79 80 68 56 27 23 54 21 20 32 44 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 35 23 101 40 25 31 33 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 90 10 76 24 81 19 90 10 82 18 91 9 82 18 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) † 96 92 95 95 94 94 96 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 60.888 1.959 5.030 5.446.728.6 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 50.000 50.000 55.000 100.000 35.392 10.1 3. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major. * Full-time.003 3.000 48.000 75.000 50.000 65.000 35.568.000 40.6 1.263 25.000 90.000 36 75.000 34.9 1.384 4.000 70.000 40. Edu cati ines on .0 Bus 1.539.000 32.197.000 75.6 1.000 23. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

9 • Comparison Across Major Groups 37 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* 75.000 47.707 1.000 74. However.732 6.000 45.488 8.000 42.000 62.000 59.000 87.000 49.000 32.000 42.000 35.7 554. Soc ial S c Phy s ic ienc e .000 38.000 60.9 3.000 30. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 38.000 38.000 70.000 50.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 53.000 38.000 87.2 2.000 102.4 2. ** Of people in the labor force.341. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.669 5.000 32.000 75.000 49.000 50.Indu Con strial sum Arts er S and ervi ces Hum Libe anitie ral A s an rts d es ienc Psy Soc cholog ial W y an ork d Law Pub and lic P olic y inee ring al S c Hea l th POPULARITY OF MAJORS† 2.6 768.633 2.000 36.689 6.808.786.3 936. * Full-time.8 1.287.000 49.000 Eng 80.782 9.978 2.000 33.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 63 69 59 80 76 52 55 60 37 31 41 20 24 48 45 40 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 32 50 48 35 45 70 43 57 WORK STATUS* 93 7 77 23 80 20 84 16 90 10 86 14 79 21 86 14 PERCENT EMPLOYED** 94 † 98 93 95 95 95 94 94 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.320.000 55.

000 45.000 63.000 51.000 40.000 42.000 40.000 45.000 42.000 48.000 36.000 43.000 55.000 8. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 44. Edu cati on Edu cati ines on .000 15.000 50. these may not add to 100 percent.000 l l l 48.000 41. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 59.000 57.000 43.000 45.000 16.000 40.5 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY RACE* White Median Earnings African-American Median Earnings Hispanic Median Earnings Asian Median Earnings Other Races and Ethnicities Median Earnings 50.000 36.000 44.000 47.000 48.000 55.000 50.000 40. ∆ Due to rounding.000 8.000 11.000 53.000 40.000 55. Agr Nat icultur ura e an l Re sou d rces Com and munic Jour atio nali ns sm Bus Bio l Life ogy an Scie d nce Com Ma puter them s an atic d s s RACE AND ETHNICITY Arts ines RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 90 2 4 3 81 5 7 7 1 76 7 6 11 1 76 8 7 8 1 81 8 6 4 1 67 9 7 16 1 82 7 7 3 1 <0.000 37.000 73.000 51.000 Bus l 50.000 38 * Full-time.000 * Full-time.000 38.000 60.000 45.A gr Nat icultur ura e an l Re sou d rces Com and munic Jour atio nali ns sm Bio l Life ogy an Scie d nce Com Ma puter them s an atic d s s GENDER • Comparison Across Major Groups Arts GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 30 70 61 39 55 45 45 55 64 36 31 69 77 23 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 40.000 12.000 40.000 73.000 48.000 13. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 71.000 66.

000 79.000 l l l 42.000 12.Indu Con strial sum Arts er S and ervi ces Hum Libe anitie ral A s an rts d es ienc Psy Soc cholog ial W y an ork d Law Pub and lic P olic y inee ring al S c Hea l th GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS 16 84 85 15 58 42 35 65 41 59 42 58 74 26 47 53 • Comparison Across Major Groups 39 EARNINGS BY GENDER* 62.000 64.000 70. Indu Con strial sum Arts er S and ervi ces Hum Libe anitie ral A s an rts d es Psy Soc cholog ial W y an ork d Eng ienc Law Pub and lic P olic y ring inee sica Hea Eng Phy RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ 71 5 9 14 1 73 9 5 13 1 80 6 6 7 1 83 7 6 3 1 72 14 10 3 1 74 8 6 11 1 76 11 8 5 1 75 9 7 8 1 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY RACE* 80.000 60.000 42.000 60.000 52.000 44.000 45.000 50.000 * Full-time.000 55.000 55.000 17. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 40.000 50.000 10.000 40. Soc ial S lth cien l Sc ce Soc ial S c Phy s ic ienc e .000 42. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 52.000 47.000 48.000 44.000 60.000 7.000 44.000 60.000 42.000 45.000 70. ∆ Due to rounding.000 48.000 60.000 65.000 40.000 50.000 50.000 72. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 40.000 56.000 15.000 46.000 58.000 42. these may not add to 100 percent.000 52.000 17.000 16.000 52.000 60.000 57.000 42.000 44.000 40.000 18.000 * Full-time.000 44.000 48.000 48.000 55.000 43.

000 38.000 Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rts Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces Law Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc Soc hology ial W an ork d Soc ial S cien ce Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rt s Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces La w Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc holo Soc ial W gy an ork d 87.000 Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com Mat puters hem and atic s Edu cati on Eng inee ring lth Hea Eng inee ring 80.000 38. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 32.000 * Full-time.000 32 55.000 23 75.000 31 41 Hea lth I I 32.000 21 75.000 70.000 20 100.000 35.000 33.000 74.000 34.000 48.000 30.000 62.000 45.000 54 90.000 30.000 Soc ial S cien ce Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) .000 35. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 27 65.000 40.000 44 53.000 75.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for All Terminal Bachelor’s Degree Holders 20 24 48 45 40 87.000 37 Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es Arts Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es A rt s Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com Mat puters hem and atic s Ed u cati on 102.40 • Comparison Across Major Groups 75.000 36.

000 I I 48.000 80.000 45.000 Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es Arts Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es A rt s WHITE MEDIAN EARNINGS* 45.000 47.000 42.000 African-American Median Earnings Median Earnings for All Terminal Bachelor’s Degree Holders White Median Earnings Median Earnings for All Terminal Bachelor’s Degree Holders Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rts Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces Law Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc Soc hology ial W an ork d Soc ial S cien ce Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rt s Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces La w Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc Soc hology ial W an ork d 60.000 41 • Comparison Across Major Groups .000 51.000 40.000 Hea lth 44. * Full-time.000 36.000 Soc ial S cien ce 44.000 60.000 38.000 60.000 Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s AFRICAN-AMERICAN MEDIAN EARNINGS* 41.000 52.000 59.000 50.000 63. Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s 50. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 42.000 42.50.000 55.000 44.000 * Full-time.000 73.000 47.000 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com Mat puters hem and atic s Edu cati on Eng inee ring lth Hea Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com Mat puters hem and atic s Ed u cati on Eng inee ring 60.

000 45.000 72.000 HISPANIC MEDIAN EARNINGS* Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s * Full-time.000 45. 55.000 42.000 40.000 Soc ial S cien ce 48.000 44.000 Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es Arts Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es A rt s 48.000 ASIAN MEDIAN EARNINGS* Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s 43. 53.000 52.000 44.000 51.000 52.000 50.000 Asian Median Earnings Median Earnings for All Terminal Bachelor’s Degree Holders Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rts Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces Law Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc holo Soc ial W gy an ork d Soc ial S cien ce Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rt s Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces La w Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc holo Soc ial W gy an ork d 48.000 Hispanic Median Earnings Median Earnings for All Terminal Bachelor’s Degree Holders 55.000 44.000 40.000 Eng inee ring lth Hea 70.000 43.000 Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com Mat puters hem and atic s Edu cati on 56.42 • Comparison Across Major Groups 40.000 37.000 Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com Mat puters hem and atic s Ed u cati on Eng inee ring Hea lth 42. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 40.000 71.000 I I 50. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 .000 40.000 * Full-time.

000 8k 17k Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com pute Mat hem rs and atic s Edu cati on Eng inee ring lth Hea Com and munic Jour ation nali sm s Com Mat puters hem and atic s Ed u cati on Eng inee ring Hea lth 42.000 16k l Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s Biol Life ogy and Scie nce Bus ines s 11k * Full-time. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 10k 7k 15k 16k 17k 12k I l l l Other Races and Ethnicities Median Earnings Median Earnings for All Terminal Bachelor’s Degree Holders 40k|55k 40k|48k 45k|57k 50k|66k 44k|55k 60k|73k 40k|48k 62k|79k 60k|70k 43k|50k 40k|55k 42k|58k 48k|65k 40k|52k 46k|64k Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 42.000 OTHER RACES AND ETHNICITIES MEDIAN EARNINGS* 13k 36.l EARNINGS BY GENDER* * Full-time.000 Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rts Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces Law Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc Soc hology ial W an ork d Soc ial S cien ce Hum Libe anitie ral A s and rt s Indu Con strial A sum r er S ts and ervi ces La w Pub and lic P olic y Phy sica l Sci ence s Psyc Soc hology ial W an ork d 45. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Soc ial S cien ce 18k 43 • Comparison Across Major Groups .000 57. 50. 15k l 8k l Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es Arts Agr Nat iculture ural a Res nd ourc es A rt s 12k 48.000 60. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Agriculture and Natural Resources • Comparison Across Major Groups Arts Biology and Life Science Business Communications and Journalism Computers and Mathematics Education Engineering Health Humanities and Liberal Arts Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Law and Public Policy Physical Sciences Psychology and Social Work Social Science MGMT (24) ARTS (25) MGMT (16) MGMT (25) MGMT (21) COMP (46) EDU (54) ENGR (32) HLTH PROF (69) MGMT (18) MGMT (22) PROT (32) MGMT (18) COMM (18) MGMT (22) SALES (15) MGMT (14) HLTH PROF (15) SALES (18) SALES (17) MGMT (16) MGMT (9) MGMT (22) MGMT (8) OFF (15) SALES (12) MGMT (11) SALES (11) MGMT (16) SALES (16) LS (8) OFF (12) LS (12) FIN (18) ARTS (14) OFF (7) OFF (9) COMP (9) OFF (4) SALES (14) EDU (9) OFF (11) LS (10) OFF (15) OFF (13) OFF (7) SALES (12) SALES (11) OFF (12) OFF (14) SALES (6) SALES (6) SALES (7) SALES (3) EDU (11) TRAN (8) COMM (9) HLTH PROF (10) SALES (11) FIN (7) BLDG (4) EDU (8) OFF (8) BUS (6) EDU (7) BUS (4) BUS (3) ARCH (4) HLTH SUP (3) ARTS (6) OFF (7) SALES (8) OFF (8) EDU (8) BUS (6) 44 * Full-time. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN .

Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .WHERE MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Agriculture and Natural Resources Arts Biology and Life Science Business Communications and Journalism Computers and Mathematics Education Engineering Health Humanities and Liberal Arts Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Law and Public Policy Physical Sciences Psychology and Social Work Social Science AG (13) PROF (18) HS (19) FIN (17) INFO (14) PROF (26) EDU (55) MAN-d (25) HS (72) EDU (15) CON (13) PUB (43) PROF (14) HS (26) FIN (16) PUB (11) RETL (12) PROF (14) PROF (12) PROF (13) FIN (12) HS (9) PROF (22) RETL (6) PROF (11) EDU (12) HS (8) HS (14) EDU (12) PUB (13) RETL (9) EDU (11) EDU (11) RETL (10) EDU (10) MAN-d (11) RETL (5) CON (9) EDU (4) FIN (10) TRAN (10) FIN (7) EDU (10) PUB (12) PROF (11) MAN-nd (7) INFO (8) PUB (9) MAN-d (8) RETL (9) INFO (7) FIN (5) MAN-nd (7) PUB (4) RETL (9) HS (10) PROF (7) MAN-nd (9) FIN (9) HS (9) PROF (7) HS (6) MAN-nd (8) PUB (7) FIN (9) EDU (7) PUB (4) PUB (6) FIN (3) HS (9) ARTS (8) RETL (5) MAN-d (8) PROF (7) RETL (8) • Comparison Across Major Groups 45 * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

000). in the aggregate. earnings for Asians ($43. About 27 percent of people with these undergraduate majors obtain a graduate degree and. 13 percent work in Agriculture. The lowest-earning are General Agriculture. and 2 percent African-American. Due to rounding. and Miscellaneous Agriculture while the highest-earning is Food Science.000 less per year than men. women with these majors make.Agriculture and Natural Resources This group includes the following majors: • Agriculture and Natural Resources • Agricultural Economics • griculture Production and A Management • Animal Sciences • Food Science • Forestry • General Agriculture • Miscellaneous Agriculture • atural Resources N Management • Plant Science and Agronomy • Soil Science 46 Agriculture and Natural Resources make up 1.2 Likewise.000—a difference of $40. 11 percent in Public Administration. However. 7 percent in Professional and Business Services.000 median earnings of Whites. and 6 percent in Financial Services. The racial composition also is heavily skewed in one direction: 90 percent White. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only.1 The gender makeup is fairly lopsided—70 percent of people in these majors are men and 30 percent are women. Median earnings for people with a Bachelor’s in the Agriculture and Natural Resources major group are $50. 2 . 24 percent work in Management. 7 percent in Manufacturing. median earnings in Agriculture and Natural Resources can vary widely. 8 percent in Life Science. African-Americans ($36.000.6 percent of all majors.000. 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. 3 percent Asian. By industry. these may not add to 100 percent. with the 25th percentile earning $35. 15 percent in Sales. Overall. get an average earnings boost of 35 percent. Animal Sciences.000) are less than the $50.000). and Hispanics ($40. Of people who majored in Agriculture and Natural Resources. and the 75th percentile earning $75. There are significant earnings variations among the specific majors within this group. 4 percent Hispanic. $15.000. 9 percent in Retail Trade. as a result. and 4 percent in Building occupations. 7 percent in Office.

Soil Science * Full-time.000 Natural Resources Management 47.000 Food Science 60. About 4 percent are unemployed.000 Animal Sciences Median earnings for people with a Bachelor’s in the Agriculture and Natural Resources major group are $50. • Agriculture and Natural Resources 47 Fully 90 percent of people with an undergraduate major in Agriculture and Natural Resources who are in the labor force and employed work full-time. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Forestry 60.000 Agriculture and Natural Resources Major Group 65.000 Agricultural Economics 50. .000 Miscellaneous Agriculture 45.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES MAJOR GROUP* 50.000 General Agriculture 44.000 Agriculture Production and Management 50.000 Plant Science and Agronomy 50. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000.

000 39.264 13 75 68 72 75 25 32 28 25 31 l Foo d Sc ienc e Fore stry ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s • Agriculture and Natural Resources % of Major Group 530. † Soil Scie nce .000 50.000 50.921 16 88.000 74.000 l 48 l PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 73 72 82 67 57 74 60 27 28 18 33 43 26 40 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 35 40 30 54 28 15 45 24 l WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 90 10 94 6 92 8 88 12 89 11 92 8 88 12 86 14 88 12 91 9 83 17 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 96 98 98 97 92 97 95 97 95 96 94 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 41.071 3 57.000 41.000 53.000 40.000 38.143 1 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 50.000 92. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 100.437 11 5.427 100 6 82.000 l EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 35.877 1 72.000 72.000 30.000 44.000 54.000 30.000 45.000 34.000 85.000 34.000 45.000 60.168 14 69.752 18 7.000 75. * Full-time.Ag Nat ricultu Maj ural R re and or G esou roup rces Agr Eco icultura nom l ics Agr Prod icultur Man uction e age and men t Ani mal Scie nces Gen Agr eral icul ture Mis c Agr ellane o icul ture us Na t Man ural Re age sourc men es t Plan Agr t Scien ono c my e and 96.000 l 75.828 17 18.000 44.000 70.000 30.888 32. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 65.000 75.000 42. However.000 24.000 50. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 40.000 47.000 59.000 40.000 33.000 60. ** Of people in the labor force.

000 Male Median Earnings Difference l 37.000 17.000 12.000 60. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 l 43.000 l l l 15.5 <0.5 <0.000 52.000 50.000 42.000 53.000 36.5 <0.000 8.5 1 <0.000 38. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid. Ag Nat ricultu Maj ural R re and or G esou roup rces Agr icul Eco nom tural ics Agr Prod icultur Man uction e age and men t Ani mal Scie nces Gen Agr eral icul ture Mis c Agr ellane o icul ture us Nat Man ural Re age sourc men es t Plan Agr t Scien ono c my e and 84 3 6 7 90 3 5 2 92 2 3 2 92 2 4 2 1 <0.5 1 <0. these may not add to 100 percent.000 20. Soil Foo Scie stry nce Soil Scie nce .5 3 6 <0.000 l l * Full-time.000 72.000 15.5 <0.000 10.000 l 55.000 10.5 ienc e RACE AND ETHNICITY d Sc Fore RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 90 2 4 3 90 5 3 1 92 2 3 3 91 3 4 1 77 6 3 15 93 1 4 2 91 <0.000 50.000 53.000 52.000 50.5 ∆ Due to rounding.000 60.Ag Nat ricultu Maj ural R re and or G esou roup rces Agr Eco icultura nom l ics Agr Prod icultur Man uction e age and men t Ani mal Scie nces Gen Agr eral icul ture Mis c Agr ellane o icul ture us Na t Man ural Re age sourc men es t Plan Agr t Scien ono c my e and 25 75 48 52 33 67 28 72 Foo d Sc ienc e Fore stry GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 30 70 18 82 22 78 49 51 63 37 17 83 24 76 • Agriculture and Natural Resources 49 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings 40.

000 30. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.50 • Agriculture and Natural Resources 75.000 30.000 * Full-time.000 26 25 32 28 25 40 Fore stry 74.000 45.000 Ag Nat ricultu Maj ural R re and or G esou roup rces Agr Eco icultura nom l ics Agr Prod icultur Man uction e age and men t Ani mal Scie nces Foo d Sc ienc e stry Fore Gen Agr eral icul ture Ag Nat ricultu Maj ural R re and or G esou roup rces Agr Eco icultura nom l ics Agr Prod icultur Man uction e age and men t Ani mal Scie nces Foo d Sc ienc e 85.000 72.000 18 70. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 75.000 39.000 I I 54.000 28 75.000 .000 30.000 33. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 41.000 38.000 34. 35.000 27 92.000 33 43 100.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Agriculture and Natural Resources Major Group as a Whole Mis c Agr ellane o icul ture us Nat Man ural Re age sourc men es t Plan Agr t Scien ono c my e and Soil Scie nce Gen Agr eral icul ture Mis c Agr ellane o icul ture us Na t Man ural Re age sourc men es t Plan Agr t Scien ono c my e and Soil Scie nce Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) .

WHERE AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Agriculture and Natural Resources Major Group Agricultural Economics Agriculture Production and Management Animal Sciences Food Science Forestry General Agriculture Miscellaneous Agriculture Natural Resources Management Plant Science and Agronomy Soil Science MGMT (24) SALES (15) LS (8) OFF (7) BLDG (4) • Agriculture and Natural Resources 51 MGMT (36) SALES (21) FIN (11) OFF (6) BUS (3) MGMT (27) SALES (19) OFF (8) BLDG (7) FIN (6) MGMT (24) MGMT (27) LS (22) SALES (14) SALES (16) MGMT (17) HLTH PROF (8) OFF (8) PROD (8) PROD (6) EDU (7) OFF (5) BC (5) LS (14) SALES (12) MGMT (23) SALES (18) OFF (9) TRAN (5) BUS (5) EDU (17) MGMT (17) SALES (15) ARTS (12) INST (9) MGMT (21) LS (12) SALES (9) OFF (8) PROT (7) MGMT (23) MGMT (22) SALES (15) LS (21) BLDG (12) SALES (16) LS (10) OFF (6) OFF (7) PROT (6) * Full-time. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Agriculture and Natural Resources Major Group • Agriculture and Natural Resources Agricultural Economics Agriculture Production and Management Animal Sciences Food Science Forestry General Agriculture Miscellaneous Agriculture Natural Resources Management Plant Science and Agronomy Soil Science AG (13) PUB (11) RETL (9) MAN-nd (7) PROF (7) FIN (21) AG (11) RETL (8) PUB (8) WHLS-d (7) AG (16) RETL (11) FIN (7) CON (6) MAN-nd (6) AG (14) MAN-nd (35) AG (21) MAN-nd (10) RETL (13) PUB (17) PROF (10) PROF (8) PROF (9) EDU (9) PUB (8) MAN-d (8) PUB (9) ADMN (6) CON (6) 52 AG (15) RETL (11) PUB (11) MAN-nd (7) PROF (6) EDU (17) RETL (11) PUB (11) AG (10) FIN (7) PUB (21) PROF (14) EDU (7) ARTS (7) CON (5) AG (14) AG (18) RETL (11) PROF (14) ADMN (11) RETL (13) PUB (10) HS (12) WHLS-d (7) PUB (11) * Full-time. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .

53 • Agriculture and Natural Resources .

6 percent of all majors. 7 percent Asian. 14 percent in Management. and 6 percent in Health Services. The lowestearning are Studio Arts.2 Earnings for Asians ($44.1 Sixty-one percent of all people in these majors are women. and 8 percent are unemployed. 18 percent work in Professional and Business Services. and 8 percent in Education occupations. while the highest-earning is Fine Arts. The racial makeup of these majors. these may not add to 100 percent. Drama and Theater Arts. By industry. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. Median earnings for those with a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Arts are $44.000 and the 75th percentile earning $65. 25 percent work in Arts. 8 percent in Information Services. However. 12 percent in Office.000). 2 . Due to rounding. 11 percent in Education Services. and Visual and Performing Arts. About 23 percent of people with these undergraduate majors obtain a graduate degree and. and 39 percent are men. 12 percent in Sales. on average. and 1 percent Other Races. get an average earnings boost of 23 percent. Of people who have majored in Arts. is 81 percent White. and Hispanics ($40. African-Americans ($38.Arts This group includes the following majors: • ommercial Art and C Graphic Design • Drama and Theater Arts • ilm Video and F Photographic Arts • Fine Arts • Arts Arts account for 4. There are great earnings variations among the specific majors within this group. women with these majors make.000 less than men. $8.000). with the 25th percentile earning $30.000 median wage earned by Whites. Earnings in Arts as a whole can vary widely. 5 percent African-American. • Music • Studio Arts • Visual and Performing Arts 54 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. in the aggregate.000. 7 percent Hispanic.000) are less than the $45.000—a difference of $35. 12 percent in Retail Trade. About 76 percent of those with a major in Arts who are employed and in the labor force work full-time.000. as a result.

000 Commercial Art and Graphic Design 45. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF ARTS MAJOR GROUP* 44.000 Studio Arts 40.000 Drama and Theater Arts 40.000 Film Video and Photographic Arts 45.000 Fine Arts 42.000 Visual and Performing Arts * Full-time. • Arts 55 .000 Music 40.000 Arts Major Group 46.

000 30.540 10 101.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile • Arts Difference 30.000 31.000 60.000 35.000 60. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 45.000 66. † Visu Perf al and orm ing A rt s 23 Maj or Mus ic Stud A rt s Fine io A r A rt s ts .000 34.214 7 490.000 26.384 100 445.000 65.000 31.000 29.859 15 67.Com and mercia Gra l phic Art Des ign Dra The ma and ater A rt s Film Pho Video togr and aph ic A rt s Gro up ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 1.432 29 161.000 56 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 77 91 76 87 77 59 72 77 23 9 24 13 23 41 28 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 23 27 40 24 22 28 3 30 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 76 24 80 20 72 28 79 21 77 23 71 29 71 29 65 35 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 92 92 91 92 92 95 91 93 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 35.000 30.000 40.000 58. ** Of people in the labor force.000 65.000 28.517 3 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median Earnings 44.604 32 224.000 42.000 40.000 60. * Full-time.000 32.000 46.000 35. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.539.000 40. However.000 26.000 33.000 34.000 65.000 45.218 4 48.

000 50.000 9.000 40. these may not add to 100 percent. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.5 1 <0.000 7.000 45.000 40.000 38.000 5.000 39.5 1 <0. • Arts 57 Com and mercia Gra l phic Art Des ign Dra The ma and ater Arts Film Pho Video togr and aph ic A rts roup RACE AND ETHNICITY RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Othe Races and Ethnicities 81 5 7 7 78 5 8 9 86 5 6 2 81 4 10 5 81 5 5 8 80 6 6 8 85 3 5 6 80 5 8 7 1 <0.000 42.Com and mercia Gra l phic Art Des ign Dra The ma and ater A rt s Film Pho Video togr and aph ic A rt s Gro up GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 40.000 40. Visu Perf al and orm ing Arts or G Maj Arts ic Stud Arts Mus Fine io A rts Visu Perf al and orm ing A rt s Maj or Mus ic Stud A rt s Fine io A r A rt s ts .000 3.000 8.000 48.000 -4.5 ∆ Due to rounding.000 41.000 10.000 50.000 61 39 67 33 60 40 42 58 63 37 51 49 66 34 77 23 * Full-time.000 45.5 2 <0.000 42.000 36.000 50.000 8.

Com and mercia Gra l phic Art Des ign Dra The ma and ater A rt s Film Pho Video togr and aph ic A rt s Gro up EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 65.000 65. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 30.000 31.000 60.000 30. Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Arts Major Group as a Whole PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 23 9 24 13 23 41 28 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Visu Perf al and orm ing Arts 23 Gro ajor rts Arts M Fine A ic Stud Mus io A rts Visu Perf al and orm ing A rt s Maj or Mus ic Stud A rt s Fine io A r A rt s ts .000 • Arts 58 Com and mercia Gra l phic Art Des ign Dra The ma and ater Arts Film Pho Video togr and aph ic A rts up I I * Full-time.000 30.000 66.000 26.000 60.000 65.000 60.000 32.000 58.000 26.000 29.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN .WHERE ART MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) Arts Major Group Commercial Art and Graphic Design Drama and Theater Arts Film Video and Photographic Arts Fine Arts Music Studio Arts Visual and Performing Arts ARTS (25) 2nd Occupation (%) MGMT (14) 3rd Occupation (%) OFF (12) 4th Occupation (%) SALES (12) 5th Occupation (%) EDU (8) ARTS (41) MGMT (18) MGMT (12) OFF (16) SALES (11) ARTS (12) OFF (8) SALES (10) COMP (5) EDU (8) ARTS (28) ARTS (22) OFF (16) ARTS (18) MGMT (15) MGMT (14) EDU (16) OFF (12) OFF (12) SALES (13) MGMT (14) SALES (10) SALES (11) OFF (13) SALES (11) MGMT (10) PERS (4) • Arts 59 EDU (9) ARTS (10) EDU (8) OFF (17) EDU (15) SALES (13) MGMT (13) ARTS (11) * Full-time.

WHERE ART MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) Arts Major Group Commercial Art and Graphic Design Drama and Theater Arts Film Video and Photographic Arts • Arts Fine Arts Music Studio Arts Visual and Performing Arts PROF (18) 2nd Industry (%) RETL (12) 3rd Industry (%) EDU (11) 4th Industry (%) INFO (8) 5th Industry (%) HS (6) PROF (26) EDU (13) RETL (14) PROF (12) MAN-nd (8) ARTS (12) MAN-d (7) INFO (10) INFO (6) RETL (8) INFO (25) PROF (16) EDU (19) PROF (14) PROF (15) EDU (14) RETL (10) RETL (11) HS (9) RETL (13) PROF (8) EDU (11) RETL (8) MAN-nd (6) HS (8) FIN (7) EDU (6) MAN-d (6) OS (8) ARTS (7) 60 EDU (20) FIN (10) INFO (9) PROF (9) ARTS (8) * Full-time. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

61 • Arts .

Biology and Life Science This group includes the following majors: • iochemical Sciences B • iology B • otany B • Biology and Life Science • enetics G • icrobiology M • iscellaneous Biology M • olecular Biology M • euroscience N • harmacology P • hysiology P • oology Z • ognitive Science and C Biopsychology • cology E • nvironmental Science E 62 .

1 There is great variation in earnings among the majors that make up this group. and 9 percent in Public Administration. . Women with these majors make a median wage of $45. 15 percent in Health.000).000 and the 75th percentile earning $75.000—a difference of $40. Due to rounding. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. 16 percent work in Management.1 There is a small gender imbalance in these majors (women are 55 percent.2 Earnings for African-Americans ($45. 81 percent work full-time. By industry. get an average earnings boost of 101 percent. About 5 percent are unemployed. All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. Earnings in Biology and Life Science as a whole vary widely.000 median wage earned by Whites. on average. is 75 percent White. and 11 percent in Sales occupations. 11 percent in Education.000. and 1 percent Other Races. these may not add to 100 percent.5 percent of all majors. about $12. 2 • Biology and Life Science 63 Biology and Life Science majors account for 3. 12 percent in Life Science. while Asians earn slightly more ($53.7 percent African-American. Of all Biology and Life Science majors who are in the labor force and employed. 19 percent work in Health Services.000. The major with the lowest median earnings is Botany. men are 45 percent).000 less than men. The racial makeup of these majors. 11 percent Asian.000) and Hispanics ($40. 14 percent in Professional Services. with the 25th percentile earning $35.000) are less than the $51.000. as a result. while the highest is Microbiology. Median earnings for those with a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Biology and Life Science are $50. 6 percent Hispanic. About 54 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and. Of people who majored in Biology and Life Science.

000 Environmental Science 50. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Biochemical Sciences 51.000 Biology and Life Science Major Group 60.000 Science–Life/Physical 50.000 Zoology 50.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF BIOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE MAJOR GROUP* 53.000 Molecular Biology * Full-time.000 Microbiology • Biology and Life Science 53.000 Biology 50. 64 .000 Miscellaneous Biology 45.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF BIOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE MAJOR GROUP* (Continued) 45.000 Physiology 44. .000 Botany • Biology and Life Science 65 Genetics Pharmacology Neuroscience Cognitive Science and Biopsychology * Full-time.000 Ecology 42. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.

197.000 33.000 36.000 42.181 1 l l l l Biol Life ogy and Maj Science or G roup Scie Life nce– /Ph ysic al ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of All Majors 1.000 30.760 62 13. † Eco logy 36 Biol ogy Bota ny . ** Of people in the labor force.000 75.000 75.000 29.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 48 46 36 44 46 60 64 66 52 54 64 56 54 40 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 86 101 101 106 49 74 l WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 83 17 81 19 83 17 80 20 71 29 80 20 83 17 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 95 95 95 95 97 98 94 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.003 100 63. However.000 80.041 3 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 53. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.315 5 745.000 27. * Full-time.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* • Biology and Life Science Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 36.000 30.000 50.000 50. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 53.593 1 39.000 39.000 80.000 60.000 56.000 44.000 40.000 35.000 44.Bioc Scie hemica nces l Cog and nitive S Biop cien sych ce olog y 8.000 47.

En v i Scie ronmen nce ta l

Mis c Biol ellane ous ogy

iolo gy

Mic robi olog y

Mol ecul ar B

rosc ienc e

colo gy

Phy siolo gy

Gen etic s

POPULARITY OF MAJORS†
97,406 8 7,977 1 61,196 5 32,133 3 22,138 2 8,380 1 4,257 <0.5 42,944 4 50,682 4

MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR*
51,000
l

60,000

50,000

45,000

Pha

l

l

45,000

50,000

EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE*
37,000 37,000 35,000 28,000 33,000 38,000 • Biology and Life Science
67

l

l

l

72,000 35,000

l

84,000 47,000

72,000 37,000

63,000 35,000

l

l

75,000 42,000

75,000 37,000

l

l

l

PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE
71 39 47 61 43 43 45 45 39

29

61

53

39

57

57

55

55

61

EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE
40 67 47 115 78 123

l

l

l

WORK STATUS*
84 16 99 1 81 19 81 19 84 16 78 22 69 31 76 24 82 18

PERCENT EMPLOYED**
93 96 94 96 98 94 100 96 92

The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population. However, we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major. * Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid. ** Of people in the labor force.

Zoo logy

Ne u

rma

Cog and nitive S Biop cien sych ce olog y
53 47
l l l

Biol Life ogy and Maj Science or G roup

Bioc Scie hemica nces l

Scie Life nce– /Ph ysic al

GENDER

GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS
Percent Female Percent Male 49 51 55 45 52 48 57 43 60 40 60 40

EARNINGS BY GENDER*
Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings • Biology and Life Science Difference 46,000 60,000 14,000 45,000 57,000 12,000 49,000 60,000 11,000 45,000 58,000 13,000
l

40,000 51,000 11,000

l

l

* Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.

68

Cog and nitive S Biop cien sych ce olog y
64 6 11 16 3

Biol Life ogy and Maj Science or G roup

Scie Life nce– /Ph ysic al

Bioc Scie hemica nces l

RACE AND ETHNICITY

Biol o

Bota

RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆
% White % African- American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 75 7 6 11 76 7 6 11 68 5 6 20 75 9 6 10 72 5 4 17 88 2 6 4

1

1

1

1

1

Due to rounding, these may not add to 100 percent.

Eco
1

logy

gy

ny

Eco logy

Biol ogy

Bota

ny

En v i Scie ronmen nce ta l

Mis c Biol ellane ous ogy

iolo gy

Mic robi olog y

Mol ecul ar B

rosc ienc e

colo gy

Phy siolo gy

Gen etic s

GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS
43 57 55 45 62 38 45 55 52 48 64 36 56 44 55 45 50 50

EARNINGS BY GENDER*
42,000
l

55,000

40,000

43,000

Pha

l

l

49,000

45,000

55,000
13,000

l

68,000
13,000

57,000
17,000

50,000
7,000

l

l

45,000
-4,000

57,000
• Biology and Life Science
69

l

l

l

12,000

* Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.

Env i Scie ronmen nce tal

Mis c Biol ellane ous ogy

iolo

gy

olog

ar B

ienc

colo

gy

y

e

tics

ecul

siolo

rosc

gy

Gen e

Mol

Neu

Mic

Pha

RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆
88 3 5 74 8 <0.5 71 7 5 80 4 8 68 6 7 67 5 1 72 1 7 75 7 8 82 4 3

3
1

18
<0.5

17
<0.5

8
<0.5

16
3

27
<0.5

19
<0.5

10
1

Phy

10
1

Due to rounding, these may not add to 100 percent.

Zoo

logy

robi

rma

Zoo logy

Ne u

rma

000 33.000 75.Cog and nitive S Biop cien sych ce olog y Scie Life nce– /Ph ysic al Bi oc Scie hemica nce l s B i ol B ot any EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 80.000 80. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 36.000 Eco 72.000 30.000 75.000 29.000 37.000 • Biology and Life Science 35. Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Biology and Life Science Major Group as a Whole 70 Cog and nitive S Biop cien sych ce olog y I I Scie Life nce– /Ph ysic al Bioc Scie hemica nce l s Biol PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 52 54 64 56 Bot 54 40 Eco 36 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Env Scie ironme ntal nce Biol Life ogy an Maj Scienc d or G e roup any logy ogy Env Scie ironme ntal nce Biol Life ogy an Maj Scienc d or G e roup l o gy o gy 29 .000 36.000 * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 56.000 60.

000 • Biology and Life Science 71 * Full-time. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 63.000 35.000 38.Mi s Biol cellane ous o gy iolo g y l o gy Mo l ecu lar B olog nce y robi o scie rma c s Phy siolo gy G en etic Neu ro Mi c Pha EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 84.000 33.000 37. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 75.000 28. Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Biology and Life Science Group as a Whole Mis Biol cellane ous ogy iolo gy olog e lar B ienc colo gy y I I s siolo gy Gen Mic Mol rosc Pha PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 61 53 39 57 57 Neu 55 55 Phy 61 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Zoo logy robi rma etic ecu Z oo logy .000 75.000 72.

Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE BIOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Science– Life/Physical Biology and Life Science Major Group Biochemical Sciences Biology Botany • Biology and Life Science Cognitive Science and Biopsychology Ecology Environmental Science Genetics Microbiology Miscellaneous Biology Molecular Biology Neuroscience Pharmacology Physiology Zoology MGMT (17) HLTH PROF (13) LS (11) SALES (11) OFF (8) MGMT (16) LS (20) HLTH PROF (17) OFF (24) HLTH PROF (15) HLTH PROF (14) MGMT (16) MGMT (15) LS (12) MGMT (12) LS (11) SALES (10) SALES (11) EDU (10) SALES (11) LS (9) OFF (8) SALES (8) OFF (8) EDU (8) MGMT (27) MGMT (18) MGMT (19) LS(29) HLTH PROF (21) HLTH PROF (16) HLTH PROF (17) HLTH PROF (28) HLTH PROF (40) HLTH PROF (22) MGMT (19) SALES (14) LS (16) LS (13) HLTH PROF (19) MGMT(17) LS (15) LS (17) ENGR (22) LS (20) MGMT (16) SALES (13) COMP (9) SALES (9) SALES (12) MGMT (12) LS (17) MGMT (13) MGMT (13) EDU (17) ENGR (11) SALES (13) LS (10) OFF (8) HLTH PROF (8) BUS (8) SALES (9) SALES (11) PROT (11) OFF (9) LS (12) COMM (10) OFF (9) HLTH PROF (9) FOOD (7) OFF (7) OFF (6) COMP (8) PROD (5) OFF (8) EDU (9) MGMT (10) PROD (6) COMM (5) OFF (7) 72 * Full-time.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE BIOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Science– Life/Physical Biology and Life Science Major Group Biochemical Sciences Biology Botany Cognitive Science and Biopsychology Ecology Environmental Science Genetics Microbiology Miscellaneous Biology Molecular Biology Neuroscience Pharmacology Physiology Zoology HS (17) PROF (14) EDU (11) PUB (9) MAN-nd (8) HS (19) MAN-nd (18) HS (21) PUB (13) PROF (14) EDU (16) PROF (13) RETL (12) EDU (11) PROF (15) EDU (11) EDU (11) PUB (9) HS (15) MAN-nd (8) AG (8) MAN-nd (8) MAN-d (9) PUB (8) HS (8) • Biology and Life Science 73 PROF (27) PROF (16) PROF (19) PROF (31) HS (30) PUB (22) PROF (22) EDU (59) RETL (34) HS (32) HS (13) EDU (10) HS (10) PUB (17) EDU (19) PROF (14) HS (15) HS (22) PROF (23) MAN-d (16) EDU (9) EDU (12) WHLS-nd (9) PUB (10) RETL (7) HS (14) MAN-nd (12) PROF (11) EDU (17) HS (8) HS (15) RETL (7) PROF (11) Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd INFO (9) ARTS (9) MAN-nd (6) MAN-d (9) EDU (8) EDU (8) MAN-nd (7) ADMIN (5) PROF (13) FIN (7) PUB (11) FIN (8) FIN (7) EDU (6) FS (9) RETL (7) FIN (6) MAN-d (7) RETL (2) EDU (11) PUB (7) MAN-nd (7) * Full-time. Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .

Business This group includes the following majors: • ccounting A • ctuarial Science A • usiness Economics B • usiness Management and B Administration • inance F • eneral Business G • Business • uman Resources and H Personnel Management • nternational Business I • anagement Information M Systems and Statistics • arketing and M Marketing Research • iscellaneous Business and M Medical Administration • perations Logistics and O E-commerce • ospitality Management H 74 .

Earnings in Business can vary widely. these may not add to 100 percent.000 and the 75th percentile earning $90.000. 18 percent work in Sales occupations. as a result. and 55 percent are men. and 7 percent work in Public Administration. Due to rounding. women with these majors make $16. and Other races ($48.000).Business is the most popular major group. 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. 12 percent work in Professional and Business Services. 90 percent work full-time.000). There is also great variation within these majors. By industry.1 The gender ratio of in this major group is close to even. 25 percent work in Management occupations. while the major with the highest median earnings is Business Economics. 17 percent work in Financial Services. Of people who received an undergraduate major in Business.000 less than men with these majors. About 5 percent are unemployed. However. Hispanics ($48.000). full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. and 7 percent Hispanic.2 Earnings for Asians ($51.000). Of people who obtained an undergraduate major in Business that are in the labor force and employed. and 6 percent work in business occupations. 12 percent work in Office occupations. 8 percent African-American. 18 percent work in Finance occupations. the major with the lowest median earnings is Hospitality Management. and 1 percent other. The racial make-up of these majors are.000 for those with a Bachelor’s who majored in Business. African-Americans ($47.000 — a difference of $50. 8 percent Asian. 2 • Business 75 . 45 percent of all people in these majors are women. it accounts for 25% of all majors. get an average earnings boost of 40 percent. Median earnings are $60. 8 percent work in Manufacturing.000) are less than the median wages for Whites ($63. About 21 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and. 76 percent White. 10 percent work in Retail Trade. on average. with the 25th percentile earning $40.

000 General Business • Business 58.000 Business Major Group 75.000 Miscellaneous Business & Medical Administration 50.000 Operations Logistics and E-Commerce 65. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Business Economics 68.000 Business Management and Administration 58.000 Actuarial Science 67. .000 Hospitality Management 76 * Full-time.000 Management Information Systems and Statistics 65.000 Marketing and Marketing Research 55.000 Finance 63.000 International Business 53.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF BUSINESS MAJOR GROUP* 60.000 Accounting 60.000 Human Resources and Personnel Management 55.

l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.020 146.000 65.000 44.000 73.333 9.000 55.000 45.843 86.021 48.000 50.015.873 74. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. * Full-time.647.000 48.000 100.000 88.000 38.000 58.263 1.000 35.000 53.000 Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 79 76 82 70 80 74 79 88 71 72 80 86 83 76 21 24 18 30 20 26 21 12 29 28 20 14 17 24 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 40 37 l 18 35 43 43 45 33 51 25 32 43 63 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 90 10 89 11 91 9 89 11 90 10 91 9 90 10 86 14 89 11 88 12 91 9 88 12 87 13 89 11 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 95 95 95 95 94 94 95 94 93 92 95 94 93 93 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.446.000 78.000 50.537 133. However.000 50.785.000 46.ALL Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group POPULARITY OF MAJORS† 8.000 60.000 85.000 80.000 94. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 75.000 39.000 90.000 39.000 65.5 1 33 9 20 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 60.004 1.000 50. † • Business 77 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE sine ss Hos Man pitalit age y men t H um an R and Man Perso esourc age nnel es men t Inte rnat Bus ines ional s Man age I nf m andormatio ent Stat n Sy istic stem s s Ma Mar rketing keti and ng R esea Mis r ch cella Bus ines neous Adm s & inist Med rati ical on Ope rati and ons E-C ommLogist erce ics Bu Majsiness or G roup Acc oun ting Eco nom Bus ics Maniness and agem Adm ent inist rati on Fina nc e Scie nc e Bus ines s Gen eral Bu Actu aria l 2 2 1 2 12 1 1 .000 40.000 40.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 40.000 65.000 94.000 90.000 33.110 1.000 53.000 81.000 47.000 57.000 50.421 761.000 55.000 43.565 58.520 2.000 47.000 115.000 52. ** Of people in the labor force.000 58.000 42.538 168.000 72.000 43.000 40.000 63.478 100 18 <0.000 67.000 95.511.000 126.000 68.000 39.

000 50.000 l 80.000 69. ines s Hos pita Man lity age me Hum nt an R and Man Perso esourc age nnel es men t Inte Bus rnatio ines nal s Man Inf agem andormatio ent Stat n Sy istic stem s Mar s keti Mar keti ng and ng R esea Mis rch Bus cellane ines ous Adm s & inis Me Ope tration dical and ration E-C s Lo omm gist erce ics ting aria s Ec oun Actu ines Bus Gen Acc eral Bus sine ss Hos Man pitalit age y men t H um and an Re Man Perso sourc age nnel es men t Inte rnat Bus ines ional s Man Inf agem andormatio ent Stat n Sy istic stem s s Mar keti Mar ng a keti ng R nd esea Mis r ch Bus cellane Adminess & ous inist Med r Ope ation ical and ration E-C s Lo omm gist erce ics Eco nom Bus ics Maniness and agem Adm ent inist rati on Fina nc e Bu Majsiness or G roup Acc oun ting Scie nc e Gen eral Bu Actu aria l Bus ines s 4 10 11 1 13 8 3 4 21 16 1 9 6 12 7 5 5 7 10 5 7 3 6 1 <0.000 65.000 50.000 10.GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 45 55 52 48 40 60 36 64 44 56 36 64 39 61 56 44 64 36 59 41 38 62 51 49 47 53 35 65 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 50.000 13. • Business ono mic Bus s ines Man s age and Adm ment inist rati Fina on nce Bu Majsiness or G roup l Sci ence 78 RACE AND ETHNICITY RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % AfricanAmerican % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 76 71 79 79 75 77 76 74 75 58 73 83 78 83 8 7 8 8 9 12 1 4 4 11 1 4 4 12 10 8 6 1 6 6 10 8 6 9 1 1 <0.000 70.000 20.000 64.000 16.000 75.5 ∆ Due to rounding.000 12.000 17.000 62. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.5 <0.000 l 16.000 18.000 70.000 l 66. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 57.000 65.000 15.5 .000 50.000 60.000 14.000 64.000 22.000 48.000 55.000 21.000 42.000 52.5 <0.000 64.000 41.000 14.5 <0.000 * Full-time.5 <0.000 55. these may not add to 100 percent.000 48.000 70.

000 81.000 24 Acc oun ting Acc Actu oun ting aria l Bus ines s Bu Majsiness or G roup Bu Majsiness or G roup 53.000 I I 28 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Business Major Group as a Whole 94. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 21 95.000 80.000 * Full-time.000 26 21 Gen eral Bus mic Bus s Maniness and agem Adm ent inist rati on Fina nce Eco nom ics Bus Maniness and agem Adm ent inist rati on Fina nc e 90.000 18 Actu aria l Sci ence Scie nc e 115.000 50.000 29 78.000 94. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 20 14 17 24 88.000 20 100.000 35.000 30 Bus ines s Ec ono 85.000 50.000 43.000 33.000 47.000 ines s Hos Man pitalit age y men t Hum and an Re Man Perso sourc age nnel es men t Inte Bus rnatio ines nal s Man Inf agem andormatio ent Stat n Sy istic stem s s Mar keti Mar ng a keti ng R nd esea Mis rch Bus cellane ines ous Adm s & inist Med Ope ration ical and ration E-C s Lo omm gist erce ics sine ss Hos Man pitalit age y men t H um and an Re Man Perso sourc age nnel es men t Inte Bus rnatio ines nal s Man Inf agem andormatio ent Stat n Sy istic stem s s Mar keti Mar ng a keti ng R nd esea Mis r ch Bus cellane ines ous Adm s & inis Me Ope tration dical and ration E-C s Lo omm gist erce ics Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) 79 • Business .000 40.000 43.90.000 40.000 126.000 40.000 40.000 12 39.000 Gen eral Bu 72.000 38.

WHERE BUSINESS MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Business Major Group Accounting Actuarial Science Business Economics Business Management and Administration Finance General Business Hospitality Management Human Resources and Personnel Management • Business International Business Management Information Systems and Statistics Marketing and Marketing Research Miscellaneous Business & Medical Administration Operations Logistics and E-Commerce MGMT (25) FIN (49) COMP (51) MGMT (29) SALES (18) MGMT (19) BUS (11) FIN (20) FIN (18) OFF (9) MGMT (11) SALES (20) OFF (12) SALES (7) FIN (10) OFF (11) BUS (6) BUS (3) OFF (8) BUS (4) MGMT (26) MGMT (26) MGMT (25) MGMT (34) SALES (18) FIN (25) SALES (22) SALES (15) OFF (15) SALES (18) OFF (12) OFF (15) FIN (10) OFF (11) FIN (10) FOOD (9) BUS (7) BUS (5) BUS (6) BUS (5) MGMT (25) MGMT (24) BUS (22) SALES (20) OFF (13) OFF (16) SALES (12) BUS (12) FIN (6) FIN (10) 80 COMP (40) MGMT (23) SALES (9) OFF (8) BUS (4) SALES (32) MGMT (25) OFF (12) BUS (7) FIN (5) MGMT (25) SALES (18) OFF (15) FIN (9) BUS (6) MGMT (31) OFF (16) SALES (15) BUS (14) COMP (7) * Full-time. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE BUSINESS MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Business Major Group Accounting Actuarial Science Business Economics Business Management and Administration Finance General Business Hospitality Management Human Resources and Personnel Management International Business Management Information Systems and Statistics Marketing and Marketing Research Miscellaneous Business & Medical Administration Operations Logistics and E-Commerce FIN (17) PROF (19) FIN (54) FIN (24) PROF (12) FIN (14) PROF (24) PROF (15) RETL (10) PUB (9) RETL (5) MAN-d (9) MAN-d (8) MAN-d (7) CON (4) RETL (8) PUB (7) RETL (7) RE (3) WHLS-nd (5) FIN (15) FIN (39) FIN (16) FS (35) RETL (10) PROF (10) RETL (11) RETL (7) MAN-d (9) RETL (7) PROF (10) PROF (7) PROF (9) MAN-d (6) MAN-d (8) HS (6) PUB (8) RE (4) HS (6) FIN (5) FIN (13) FIN (18) PUB (12) PROF (12) HS (11) RETL (9) RETL (8) WHLS-d (7) MAN-d (7) EDU (7) • Business 81 PROF (21) FIN (15) MAN-d (8) RETL (8) PUB (8) RETL (15) FIN (15) PROF (11) MAN-d (7) MAN-nd (5) FIN (13) PROF (10) RETL (9) RE (9) MAN-d (7) MAN-d (17) RETL (11) PROF (10) MAN-nd (9) TRAN (8) * Full-time. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .

and the major with the lowest median earnings is Mass Media.000— a difference of $41. African-Americans ($41.000. However.000 less than men ($44.000. The racial makeup of these majors. 82 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on full time. for instance. and 1 percent Other Races.000).000 in median wages earned by Whites. while the 75th percentile median earnings are $75.000).000) are less than the $50. $55.000.9 percent of all majors.2 Earnings for Asians ($45. and 36 percent are men. on average. Earnings for those with an undergraduate major in Communications and Journalism can vary widely. these may not add to 100 percent. women with these majors make. 8 percent AfricanAmerican. get an average earnings boost of 25 percent. is 81 percent White. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only.000). and Hispanics ($43. $11. 2 .000 vs. in the aggregate. as a result.1 Almost two-thirds (64 percent) of people in these majors are women. Due to rounding. 6 percent Hispanic.Communications and Journalism This group includes the following majors: • dvertising and A Public Relations • Communications • Journalism • Communications and Journalism • Mass Media Communications and Journalism account for 5. 4 percent Asian. The major with the highest median earnings is Journalism. Median earnings for those with only a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Communications and Journalism are $50. the 25th percentile median earnings are $34. About 20 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and.

9 percent in Retail Trade.000 Communications 45. 17 percent in Sales. 14 percent work in Information Services. 21 percent work in Management. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Journalism 50. 13 percent in Professional and Business Services. and 8 percent in Health Services.000 Communications and Journalism Major Group 51. By industry. 82 percent work full-time. MEDIAN EARNINGS OF COMMUNICATIONS AND JOURNALISM MAJOR GROUP* 50. Of those with Communications and Journalism majors who are in the labor force and employed. • Communications and Journalism 83 .000 Advertising and Public Relations 50.Of people who have received an undergraduate major in Communications and Journalism. and 7 percent in Education occupations. 10 percent in Education. 9 percent in Financial Services. 14 percent in Office. 14 percent in Arts.000 Mass Media * Full-time. About 6 percent are unemployed.

344 10 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median Earnings 50.776 9 898.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 80 85 81 78 83 20 15 19 22 17 84 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 25 12 26 28 11 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 82 18 84 16 83 17 81 19 84 16 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 94 93 93 94 93 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population. * Full-time. However.000 35. ** Of people in the labor force.000 50.986.000 32.030 100 174.Com and munic Maj Journa ations or G lism roup Ad v Pub ertising lic R elat and ions Com mun icat ions nali sm ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 1.564 20 204.000 71.096 45 389.000 34.000 80.000 45.000 50. † Mas s Jour Med ia . we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 75.000 42.000 45.000 51.000 77.000 73.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile • Communications and Journalism Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 34.000 39.000 39.000 35.000 41. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

Com and munic Maj Journa ations or G lism roup Ad v Pub ertising lic R elat and ions Com mun icat ions nali sm GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 64 36 66 34 58 42 59 41 48 52 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 44.000 46.000 • Communications and Journalism 85 * Full-time.000 11.000 47.000 10.000 60.000 56.000 9.5 1 <0. these may not add to 100 percent.000 10. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 13.000 55.000 55. Mas s Me nali dia Mas s Jour Med ia .000 46.000 50.000 40.5 ∆ Due to rounding. Com and munic Maj Journa ations or G lism roup Adv Pub ertising lic R elat and ions icat ions mun sm RACE AND ETHNICITY Com Jour RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 81 8 6 4 84 6 6 3 80 9 6 3 84 7 5 3 77 10 6 6 1 1 <0.

000 32. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 34.Com and munic Maj Journa ations or G lism roup Ad v Pub ertising lic R elat and ions Com mun icat ions nali sm EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 75.000 35.000 71. Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Communications and Journalism Group as a Whole mun sm Com Jour PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 20 15 19 22 17 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Mas s Me 86 nali dia Mas s Jour Med ia .000 34.000 • Communications and Journalism Com and munic Maj Journa ations or G lism roup Adv Pub ertising lic R elat and ions icat ions I I * Full-time.000 80.000 77.000 73.000 35.

WHERE COMMUNICATIONS AND JOURNALISM MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) Communications and Journalism Major Group Advertising and Public Relations Communications Journalism Mass Media 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) MGMT (21) SALES (17) ARTS (14) OFF (14) EDU (7) MGMT (25) MGMT (23) ARTS (28) ARTS (19) SALES (20) SALES (21) MGMT (22) SALES (17) OFF (16) OFF (14) SALES (14) MGMT (16) ARTS (9) ARTS (10) OFF (10) OFF (15) BUS (5) BUS (7) • Communications and Journalism 87 EDU (4) COMP (7) * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN .

88 Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .WHERE COMMUNICATIONS AND JOURNALISM MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) Communications and Journalism Major Group Advertising and Public Relations Communications • Communications and Journalism Journalism Mass Media 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) INFO (14) PROF (13) EDU (10) RETL (9) FIN (9) PROF (22) INFO (12) INFO (26) INFO (22) RETL (11) PROF (12) PROF (14) PROF (13) FIN (10) FIN (11) EDU (9) RETL (10) INFO (8) RETL (9) FIN (7) EDU (9) EDU (8) EDU (9) RETL (6) FIN (6) * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

89 • Communications and Journalism .

About 32 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and.000 — a difference of $52. 12 percent in Financial Services.2 Earnings for Asians ($71. 16 percent Asian. Of those with a Bachelor’s in Computers and Mathematics who are in the labor force and employed. The racial makeup of these majors. 16 percent in Management.Computers and Mathematics This group includes the following majors: • pplied Mathematics A • ommunication Technologies C • omputer Administration C Management and Security • omputer and C Information Systems • Computers and Mathematics • omputer Engineering C • omputer Networking and C Telecommunications • omputer Programming and C Data Processing • omputer Science C • nformation Sciences I • athematics M 1 Computers and Mathematics account for 5. 9 percent African-American. 11 percent in Manufacturing. women with these majors make.1 percent of all majors. with the 25th percentile earning $48. 6 percent in Sales.1 Less than a third (31 percent) of people in these majors are women.000 and the 75th percentile earning $100. and Other Races ($50. 26 percent work in Professional and Business Services. and 1 percent Other Races.000 in median wages earned by Whites. and 4 percent in Business occupations. African-Americans ($59. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. 91 percent of those people work full-time. Of people who majored in Computers and Mathematics. Median earnings for those with only a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Computers and Mathematics are $70. is 67 percent White. The major with the highest median earnings is Mathematics and Computer Science.000).000.000). in the aggregate.000. Earnings in Computers and Mathematics can vary widely. 7 percent in Office. as a result. on average. Hispanics ($55. 7 percent in Information Services. and the major with the lowest median is Communication Technologies. However. Due to rounding.000) are less than the $73.000 less than men. these may not add to 100 percent. and 7 percent in Education Services. 90 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. • athematics and M Computer Science 2 . and 69 percent are men. 46 percent work in Computers. get an average earnings boost of 31 percent. By industry.000). $13. About 6 percent are unemployed. 7 percent Hispanic.

000 Mathematics 66.000 Computer Programming and Data Processing 55.000 Computers and Mathematics Major Group 98.000 Computer Science 75.000 Communication Technologies * Full-time.000 Computer Administration Management and Security 55.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF COMPUTERS AND MATHEMATICS MAJOR GROUP* 70.000 Computer and Information Systems 56.000 Mathematics and Computer Science 76.000 • Computers and Mathematics 91 Computer Engineering 67.000 Applied Mathematics 75.000 Information Sciences 62.000 Computer Networking and Telecommunications 50. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. .

000 76.858 718.Co Ma mputer Ma thema s and jor G tics rou p App lied Ma them atic Com s Tec munic hno logi ation es om Info puter rma and tion Sys tem Com s put Eng er inee ring Com Ne pute Teletworkinr com g an m d Com unica Pro pute tions Dat gram r a Pr min oce g an ssin d g C om put er S cien ce Info rma tion Scie nce s ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 1.765 55.000 40.000 55.508 146.000 45.087 7.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 68 48 89 81 80 67 81 81 72 76 53 71 32 52 11 19 20 33 19 19 28 24 47 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 31 56 44 25 16 25 25 22 33 92 l l WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 91 9 86 14 83 17 88 12 94 6 94 6 91 9 92 8 92 8 93 7 86 14 89 11 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 94 95 92 94 94 95 93 94 94 95 95 90 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 75.316 68.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile • Computers and Mathematics Difference 48.000 49.500 240.000 35.829 100 1 3 2 14 8 3 2 42 4 20 <0.000 75.000 52.000 45.000 42.000 101.5 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 70.000 100.000 47.057 58.000 90.000 35.000 100.657 36. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 82.000 62. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 100.000 98. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.959 14.000 59.000 134. † Ma t Com hemat put ics a er S nd cien ce Co m Adm pute Ma inist r and nagemration Sec ent urit y C Ma them atic s 29 l . However. ** Of people in the labor force.000 75.000 50.000 35.000 75.000 58.000 41.000 66.546 354.000 86.000 100.836 27.000 55.000 50.000 52.000 55.000 50.000 70.728. * Full-time.000 50.000 67.000 35.000 39.000 40.000 41.000 80.000 56.

Ma t Com hemat put ics a er S nd cien ce Co Ad mput Ma minist er and nagemration Sec ent urit y C Ma them atic s Ma t Com hemat put ics a er S nd cien ce l l l Co Ad mput Ma minist er and nagemration Sec ent urit y C Ma them atic s .000 Difference 13.000 21.000 l l 15.000 56.000 44.000 * Full-time.000 54.000 75.000 -10.000 67.000 16.5 1 <0.000 78.Co Ma mputer Ma thema s and jor G tics rou p App lied Ma them atic s Com Tec munic hno logi ation es om Info puter rma and tion Sys tem Com s Eng puter inee ring Com Ne pute Teletworkinr com g an m d Com unicat ions Pro pute Dat gram r a Pr min oce g an ssin d g C om put er S cien ce Info rma tion Scie nce s GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 31 69 36 64 33 67 31 69 35 65 19 81 27 73 31 69 27 73 29 71 44 56 33 67 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings 60. these may not add to 100 percent.000 65.5 1 ∆ Due to rounding.American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 67 9 7 16 66 6 8 20 79 7 7 6 69 13 9 9 64 13 8 14 54 4 9 33 72 14 7 7 67 5 12 15 64 9 7 19 68 12 6 13 78 6 5 10 82 8 2 4 4 1 1 1 <0.000 79.000 60. • Computers and Mathematics 93 Co Ma mputer Ma thema s and jor G tics rou p App lied Ma them atic s Com mun Tec hno icatio logi es n om Info puter rma and tion Sys tem Com s Eng puter inee ring Com Ne pute Teletworkinr com g an mun d icat Com ions put Pro Dat gram er a Pr min oce g an ssin d g Com put er S cien ce Info rma tion Scie nce s RACE AND ETHNICITY RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African.000 13.000 80.000 l 9.000 60.000 50.000 l 50. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 75.000 65. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 60.000 45.5 1 <0.000 l 70.000 Male Median Earnings 73.000 9.5 1 <0.

000 42.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Computers and Mathematics Group as a Whole 28 24 47 Ma them atic s 90.000 50.94 • Computers and Mathematics 100.000 49.000 75.000 Com Info puter rma and tion Sys tem Com s put Eng inee er ring Com Ne pute Teletworkinr com g an m d Com unicat ions Pro pute Dat gram r a Pr min oce g an ssin d g Com put er S cien ce Info rma tion Scie nce s Com Info puter rma and tion Sys tem Com s Eng puter inee ring Com Ne pute Teletworkinr com g an mun d icat Co ions Pro mpute Dat gram r min a Pr oce g an ssin d g Com put er S cien ce I n fo rma tion Scie nce s 100.000 33 39.000 45.000 48.000 20 55.000 35.000 101.000 29 Ma t Com hemat put ics a er S nd cien ce .000 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Ma t Com hemat put ics a er S nd cien ce Ma them atic s 134.000 50.000 40.000 I I 100.000 80.000 11 75. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 32 52 70.000 82. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 * Full-time.000 19 19 35.000 19 o Ad mput Ma minist er and nagemration Sec ent urit y Co Ma mputer Ma thema s and jor G tics rou p App lied Ma them a Com Tec munic hno logi ation es C tics Co Ma mputer Ma thema s and jor G tics rou p App lied Ma them atic s Com Tec munic hno logi ation es C o Ad mput Ma minist er and nagemration Sec ent urit y 86.000 100.

WHERE COMPUTERS AND MATHEMATICS MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Computers and Mathematics Major Group Applied Mathematics Communication Technologies Computer Administration Management and Security Computer and Information Systems Computer Engineering Computer Networking and Telecommunications COMP (46) COMP (33) ARTS (26) MGMT (16) MGMT (19) MGMT (14) OFF (7) SALES (10) SALES (14) SALES (6) EDU (6) COMP (10) BUS (4) FIN (5) OFF (9) COMP (38) MGMT (17) SALES (8) OFF (6) BUS (6) COMP (48) COMP (55) MGMT (17) MGMT (14) OFF (8) ENGR (10) BUS (5) OFF (4) SALES (4) SALES (4) COMP (22) MGMT (16) SALES (13) OFF (11) ARTS (11) Computer Programming and Data Processing Computer Science Information Sciences Mathematics Mathematics and Computer Science COMP (49) COMP (55) COMP (46) COMP (26) COMP (42) OFF (13) MGMT (17) MGMT (18) MGMT (17) MGMT (37) MGMT (6) OFF (5) BUS (8) EDU (11) SALES (7) SALES (6) SALES (5) SALES (7) SALES (9) TRAN (3) PROD (5) ENGR (3) OFF (7) OFF (8) EDU (3) * Full-time. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN • Computers and Mathematics 95 . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

WHERE COMPUTERS AND MATHEMATICS MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Computers and Mathematics Major Group Applied Mathematics Communication Technologies Computer Administration Management and Security Computer and Information Systems Computer Engineering Computer Networking and Telecommunications PROF (26) FIN (18) PROF (19) FIN (12) PROF (15) INFO (18) MAN-d (11) TRAN (11) MAN-nd (10) INFO (7) EDU (10) RETL (8) EDU (7) MAN-d (8) FIN (8) PROF (19) FIN (12) PUB (9) INFO (8) EDU (8) PROF (24) PROF (36) FIN (13) MAN-d (20) PUB (10) FIN (8) MAN-d (9) INFO (7) EDU (8) PUB (5) • Computers and Mathematics INFO (19) PROF (12) RETL (10) FIN (10) MAN-d (9) Computer Programming and Data Processing Computer Science Information Sciences Mathematics Mathematics and Computer Science PROF (26) PROF (31) PROF (27) FIN (17) PROF (43) FIN (14) MAN-d (12) FIN (13) PROF (17) FIN (12) HS (11) FIN (10) MAN-d (9) EDU (15) MAN-d (11) MAN-d (9) INFO (7) PUB (8) MAN-d (9) EDU (6) RETL (8) RETL (6) INFO (7) RETL (6) TRAN (5) 96 * Full-time. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

97 • Computers and Mathematics .

Education This group includes the following majors: • Art and Music Education • Early Childhood Education • ducational Administration E and Supervision • Elementary Education • General Education • anguage and Drama L Education • Library Science • athematics Teacher M Education • Miscellaneous Education • hysical and Health P Education Teaching • School Student Counseling • cience and Computer S Teacher Education • Secondary Teacher Education • Special Needs Education • ocial Science or History S Teacher Education • eacher Education: T Multiple Levels • Education 98 .

Median earnings for those with a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Education are $42.000). 7 percent AfricanAmerican.000. get an average earnings boost of 33 percent. on average. 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. earnings for Asians ($37. in the aggregate. and 6 percent in Sales occupations. By industry. Due to rounding. and 23 percent are men. The major with the lowest median earnings is Early Childhood Education. 55 percent work in Education Services. The racial makeup.1 This major group has a significant gender imbalance—some 77 percent of people in these majors are women. 5 percent in Financial Services.6 percent of all majors. 54 percent work in Education.000 versus $48. 2 • Education 99 . while the major with the highest median earnings is Miscellaneous Education.000 less than men ($40. Earnings in Education vary widely. Of those who are in the labor force and employed. and 4 percent in Public Administration.000).000). these may not add to 100 percent. 9 percent in Health Services.000 in median wages earned by Whites and African-Americans.000 and the 75th percentile earning $55.000) are less than the $42. 7 percent Hispanic.000. In spite of much larger numbers. $8. women with these majors make. 3 percent Asian. and Other Races ($36.Education accounts for 10.2 Likewise. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. is 82 percent White. Of people who have received an undergraduate major in Education. About 44 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and. Hispanics ($40. 9 percent in Management. 9 percent work in Office. 5 percent in Retail Trade. with the 25th percentile earning $32. About 4 percent are unemployed. as a result. and 1 percent Other Races.000—a difference of $23. 82 percent of work full-time.

000 Art and Music Education • Education 42.000 General Education 42. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Miscellaneous Education 46. 100 .MEDIAN EARNINGS OF EDUCATION MAJOR GROUP* 42.000 Language and Drama Education * Full-time.000 Education Major Group 50.000 Physical and Health Education Teaching 44.000 Mathematics Teacher Education 43.000 Secondary Teacher Education 45.000 Science and Computer Teacher Education 42.

.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF EDUCATION MAJOR GROUP* (Continued) 42. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Special Needs Education 41.000 Elementary Education 36. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Teacher Education: Multiple Levels 40.000 Social Science or History Teacher Education 42.000 Early Childhood Education Educational Administration and Supervision Library Science • Education 101 School Student Counseling * Full-time.

000 50 50 30 80 20 96 E a rl Edu y Child h cati on ood A rt Edu and Mu cati on sic Ed u Maj cation or G roup Elem Edu entary cati on Gen eral E ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 3.000 42. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.460 4 42.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 32.000 24. * Full-time.000 45.000 29.806 4 4.5 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median Earnings 42.000 19. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 23.000 34.732 33 963.000 31.169.000 55.692 <0.452 <0.5 1. † Libr l l l l 67 l a ry Scie nce . ** Of people in the labor force.000 l 40.000 36.duc atio n Ed u Adm cationa and inistra l Sup tion ervi sion La n Dra guage a ma Edu nd cati on 136.000 32.000 16.568.000 42.718 27 9. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 l PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) • Education 56 55 66 11 58 57 33 44 45 34 89 42 43 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 33 30 41 36 32 l 102 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 82 18 78 22 80 20 79 21 80 20 84 16 83 17 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 96 96 95 89 96 96 93 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 l 50.000 32.005 5 149.000 56.000 24.000 21. However.392 100 176.000 56.000 l 55.

000 l 43.000 l 54.000 41.000 35.000 53.000 60.658 2 158.000 45.899 3 126.000 42.5 44.000 19.000 34. ** Of people in the labor force.909 4 58.000 42.000 24.000 36.000 l 58.000 18.000 39.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 35.271 1 182.000 75.000 27.000 28. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.733 2 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* 44.000 33.000 51.000 50.949 6 1. * Full-time.271 <0.300 4 227. † Sp e Edu cial Nee cati on ds . However.000 62.000 46. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 35.000 32.000 18.000 l PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 51 60 61 9 51 51 54 44 57 49 40 39 91 49 49 46 56 Tea Mul cher Ed tiple uca Leve tion: ls 43 • Education 103 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 32 16 33 49 26 39 32 36 l WORK STATUS* 83 17 85 15 83 17 93 7 87 13 84 16 84 16 81 19 83 17 PERCENT EMPLOYED** 97 97 96 100 95 95 96 96 94 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 24.Scie Tea nce & C cher o Edu mpute r cati on Phy Edu sical & H cati on T ealth each ing Seco Edu ndary T cati on eache r Mat Tea hemati cher cs Ed u cati on Soc i Hist al Scie nce ory Ed u o cati Teache r on r Mis c Edu ellane cati ous on Sch Cou ool Stud nsel ing ent POPULARITY OF MAJORS† 60.000 60.000 36.537 5 97.

000 4. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 48.000 49.000 45.5 Earl Edu y Child h cati on ood Libr l l l Art Edu and Mu cati on sic Edu Maj cation or G roup cati Elem Edu entary cati on Edu • Education RACE AND ETHNICITY eral RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 82 7 7 3 90 4 4 2 80 10 6 2 85 3 6 5 87 5 5 3 74 9 11 6 64 13 10 13 104 1 <0.000 46.000 8. these may not add to 100 percent.000 6.5 1 1 1 1 Gen <0. Libr ary Scie nce a ry Scie nce .000 36.000 48.000 l l 39. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 E a rl Edu y Child h cati on ood Ed u Maj cation or G roup A rt Edu and Mu cati on sic Elem Edu entary cati on Gen eral E GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 77 23 70 30 97 3 53 47 91 9 76 24 93 7 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 40.duc atio n Ed u Adm cationa and inistra l Sup tion ervi sion La n Dra guage a ma Edu nd cati on 82 18 42.000 40.000 l l l * Full-time.000 9.5 ∆ Due to rounding.000 8.000 40. on Edu Adm cationa and inistra l Sup tion ervi sion Lan Dra guage a ma Edu nd cati on 87 4 7 2 <0.

000 6.000 46.000 11.5 Mis c Edu ellane cati ous on 7 5 49 51 44.000 48.000 EARNINGS BY GENDER* GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS <0.000 1 Tea Mul cher Ed tiple uca Leve tion: ls • Education Tea Mul cher Ed tiple uca Leve tion: ls .000 1 88 4 4 2 105 Sp e Edu cial Nee cati on ds 74 26 40.000 6. these may not add to 100 percent.000 84 3 1 * Full-time.∆ 5 63 37 86 6 2 40.000 50.000 45.000 <0. Due to rounding.5 <0.5 1 85 8 5 Soc i Hist al Scie nce ory Edu o cati Teache r on r Spe Edu cial Nee cati on ds Soc i Hist al Scie nce ory Ed u o cati Teache r on r 88 12 42.5 Scie Tea nce & C cher o Edu mpute r cati on Seco Edu ndary T cati on eache r Scie Tea nce & C cher o Edu mpute r cati on 57 43 43.5 Sch Cou ool Stud nsel ing ent Sch Cou ool Stud nsel ing ent 6 3 42 58 87 4 39.000 50.000 4. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 44.5 Mat Tea hemati cher cs Edu cati on 57 43 60.000 50. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Phy Edu sical & H cati on T ealth each ing l l l Phy Edu sical & H cati on T ealth each ing 6 94 56 38 6 RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ <0.000 5.000 44.000 7.000 6.000 <0.000 5 85 6 3 1 6 88 4 2 Seco Edu ndary T cati on eache r 48 52 40.000 16.000 Mat Tea hemati cher cs Ed u cati on Mis c Edu ellane cati ous on 82 10 5 2 <0.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 29.000 45.000 50. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.duc atio n A rt Edu and Mu cati on sic Ed u Adm cationa and inistra l Sup tion ervi sion La n Dra guage a ma Edu nd cati on 55.000 * Full-time.000 56. Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Education Major Group as a Whole on I I Edu Adm cationa and inistra l Sup tion ervi sion Lan Dra guage a ma Edu nd cati on Earl Edu y Child h cati on ood cati Libr 67 Art Edu and Mu cati on sic Edu Maj cation or G roup Elem Edu entary cati on Edu eral • Education PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 106 44 45 34 89 42 43 Gen 50 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Libr ary Scie nce a ry Scie nce .000 34.000 32.000 32.000 32.000 E a rl Edu y Child h cati on ood Ed u Maj cation or G roup Elem Edu entary cati on Gen eral E EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 55.000 56.000 31.

000 33.000 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Tea Mul cher Ed tiple uca Leve tion: ls • Education 107 Tea Mul cher Ed tiple uca Leve tion: ls .000 Mat Tea hemati cher cs Ed u cati on Mis c Edu ellane cati ous on 40 62. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Seco Edu ndary T cati on eache r I I Soc i Hist al Scie nce ory Edu o cati Teache r on r Spe Edu cial Nee cati on ds 60.000 * Full-time.000 35.000 36.000 Phy Edu sical & H cati on T ealth each ing Sch Cou ool Stud nsel ing ent Scie Tea nce & C cher o Edu mpute r cati on 60.000 32.000 35.000 35.54.000 91 49 49 46 56 43 Scie Tea nce & C cher o Edu mpute r cati on Seco Edu ndary T cati on eache r 36.000 39 Mis c Edu ellane cati ous on Phy Edu sical & H cati on T ealth each ing Sch Cou ool Stud nsel ing ent 58. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 49 Mat Tea hemati cher cs Edu cati on 75. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Education Major Group as a Whole Sp e Edu cial Nee cati on ds 51.000 34.000 Soc i Hist al Scie nce ory Ed u o cati Teache r on r 53.

WHERE EDUCATION MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) Education Major Group Art and Music Education Early Childhood Education Educational Administration and Supervision Elementary Education General Education Language and Drama Education Library Science Mathematics Teacher Education Miscellaneous Education Physical and Health Education Teaching School Student Counseling Science and Computer Teacher Education • Education Secondary Teacher Education Social Science or History Teacher Education Special Needs Education Teacher Education: Multiple Levels EDU (54) EDU (54) EDU (65) 2nd Occupation (%) MGMT (9) SALES (8) MGMT (9) 3rd Occupation (%) OFF (9) MGMT (8) OFF (7) 4th Occupation (%) SALES (6) OFF (7) SALES (4) 5th Occupation (%) BUS (3) COMM (4) COMM (3) EDU (28) EDU (66) EDU (50) EDU (52) EDU (25) EDU (57) EDU (25) EDU (34) COMM (43) EDU (50) EDU (45) EDU (38) EDU (71) EDU (65) BUS (26) OFF (9) MGMT (10) OFF (12) OFF (18) OFF (9) MGMT (18) MGMT (11) HLTH PROF (21) MGMT (12) MGMT (12) MGMT (13) MGMT (8) MGMT (7) MGMT (20) MGMT (6) OFF (9) SALES (8) BLDG (14) COMP (7) OFF (12) SALES (11) OFF (19) OFF (9) OFF (9) OFF (10) OFF (5) OFF (6) COMM (8) SALES (4) SALES (7) MGMT (7) LGL (9) MGMT (7) SALES (11) OFF (9) MGMT (17) BUS (3) SALES (8) SALES (8) SALES (3) SALES (6) COMP (6) BUS (2) BUS (3) ARTS (3) COMP (7) FIN (5) BUS (5) HLTH PROF (4) COMP (3) HLTH PROF (3) BUS (4) COMM (2) PROD (4) 108 * Full-time. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE EDUCATION MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) Education Major Group Art and Music Education Early Childhood Education Educational Administration and Supervision Elementary Education General Education Language and Drama Education Library Science Mathematics Teacher Education Miscellaneous Education Physical and Health Education Teaching School Student Counseling Science and Computer Teacher Education Secondary Teacher Education Social Science or History Teacher Education Special Needs Education Teacher Education: Multiple Levels EDU (55) EDU (53) EDU (56) 2nd Industry (%) HS (9) RETL (7) HS (23) 3rd Industry (%) RETL (5) HS (7) RETL (3) 4th Industry (%) FIN (5) FIN (4) FIN (3) 5th Industry (%) PUB (4) OS (4) PROF (2) EDU (60) EDU (66) EDU (52) EDU (54) EDU (23) EDU (57) EDU (29) EDU (39) HS (45) EDU (52) EDU (47) EDU (42) EDU (70) EDU (62) RETL (13) HS (8) HS (8) FIN (6) HS (13) FIN (7) PUB (10) HS (10) PUB (15) HS (7) HS (8) HS (10) HS (11) HS (5) OS (8) FIN (4) RETL (6) HS (6) OS (12) PROF (6) RETL (8) PUB (7) UTIL (13) RETL (4) PUB (7) RETL (7) PUB (4) MAN-nd (4) ARTS (6) RETL (3) PUB (5) PROF (5) INFO (11) PUB (5) HS (7) RETL (6) EDU (12) PROF (4) MAN-d (4) PUB (7) RETL (3) RETL (4) PUB (6) PUB (3) FIN (4) RETL (4) MNG (9) MAN-nd (3) MAN-d (6) FIN (6) FIN (8) PUB (4) • Education 109 FIN (4) FIN (6) FIN (3) FIN (4) * Full-time. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .

Engineering This group includes the following majors: • Aerospace Engineering • Architectural Engineering • Architecture • Biological Engineering • Biomedical Engineering • Chemical Engineering • Electrical Engineering • lectrical Engineering E Technology • ngineering and Industrial E Management • Engineering • eological and Geophysical G Engineering • ndustrial and Manufacturing I Engineering • ndustrial Production I Technologies • aterials Engineering and M Materials Science • Mechanical Engineering • echanical Engineering M Related Technologies • Metallurgical Engineering • Miscellaneous Engineering • iscellaneous Engineering M Technologies • aval Architecture and N Marine Engineering • Nuclear Engineering • Petroleum Engineering • ngineering Mechanics E Physics and Science • Engineering Technologies • Environmental Engineering • General Engineering 110 .

full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. 9 percent Hispanic. as 84 percent of engineering majors are men and 16 percent are women.000). and 4 percent in Architecture occupations. 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. 9 percent in Construction. 9 percent in Computers. Of people who majored in Engineering. Median earnings for those with a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Engineering are $75. Earnings in Engineering can vary widely.Engineering makes up 8.000. African-Americans ($60. with the 25th percentile earning $53. 22 percent in Management. on average. 14 percent Asian.000 and the 75th percentile earning $102.000).000) are significantly less than the $80. and 1 percent Other Races.000 (a difference of $49. 93 percent work full-time.2 percent of all majors. Median earnings for those with a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Engineering are $75. About 6 percent are unemployed. The racial makeup of these majors. these may not add to 100 percent.000 ($17. earnings $62.000). and Other Races ($57.000 median earnings of Whites. About 37 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and.1 The gender composition is heavily skewed. 32 percent work in Manufacturing. Hispanics ($56. 32 percent work in Engineering.000 less than median earnings for men). By industry. However.2 Earnings for Asians ($72. get an average earnings boost of 32 percent. 5 percent African-American. The major with the highest median earnings is Petroleum Engineering and the major with the lowest median earnings is Biological Engineering. Of Engineering majors who are in the labor force and employed. and 6 percent in Public Administration. women make significantly less than men. 22 percent in Professional and Business Services. as a result. is 71 percent White. Due to rounding.000).000. 2 • Engineering 111 . 7 percent in Sales.

000 Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering 80.000 Mining and Mineral Engineering 78. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. .000 Civil Engineering 78.000 Electrical Engineering 82.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF ENGINEERING MAJOR GROUP* 75.000 Engineering and Industrial Management 70.000 Aerospace Engineering 86.000 Metallurgical Engineering 80.000 Mechanical Engineering 80.000 Petroleum Engineering 87.000 Chemical Engineering 85.000 General Engineering 112 * Full-time.000 • Engineering Engineering Mechanics Physics and Science 75.000 Engineering Major Group 120. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering 75.

000 Industrial Production Technologies 64.000 • Engineering 113 Engineering Technologies 55.000 Architectural Engineering 65.000 Biological Engineering Geological and Geophysical Engineering Nuclear Engineering * Full-time.000 Miscellaneous Engineering Technologies 60.000 Architecture 62. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. . l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies 63.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF ENGINEERING MAJOR GROUP* (Continued) 70.000 Environmental Engineering 69.000 Materials Engineering and Materials Science 69.000 Electrical Engineering Technology 65.000 Biomedical Engineering 68.000 Miscellaneous Engineering 68.

l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 49.000 60.000 50.000 102.000 50.164 1 15.000 42.000 35. † eeri ng Elec Eng trical inee ring Elec Eng trical Tec ineerin hno logy g Eng and ineer Man Indus ing age trial Eng ment Me ineer and chanic ing Scie s Phy nce sics 38.000 60.000 60.000 55.000 120.000 50.000 78.000 68.537 285.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 63 59 72 68 62 50 55 65 58 80 72 53 37 41 28 32 38 50 45 35 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE • Engineering % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 32 28 19 24 48 23 25 30 23 17 40 l WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 93 7 90 10 88 12 88 12 87 13 89 11 93 7 93 7 93 7 94 6 89 11 96 4 114 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 94 95 94 91 96 89 95 95 94 93 91 95 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.897 1 42 20 28 47 Eng Maj ineerin or G g roup Ae Engrospace inee ring Arc Eng hitectu inee ral ring e Biol Eng ogical inee ring Bio Eng medica inee l ring Che Eng mical inee ring hite ctur Civi l En gin Arc .041 14.000 63.000 49.000 68.249 1 264.000 90.000 86. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 87.488 58.496 153.000 84.ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 2. ** Of people in the labor force.786.402 29.000 55.000 110.331 578.000 78.000 85. * Full-time.000 110.000 52.000 50.000 103.000 83.000 48.000 100.000 68.000 115. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 120.054 9 1 15.000 45.000 87.000 33.000 46.000 65.000 42.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 53.000 57.000 42.000 75. However.000 60.000 68.067 1 6 10 21 3 100 2 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 75.380 78.

000 50.000 80.000 62.000 125.000 64.740 24.000 48. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.482 <0.000 43.925 4 3 1 16 1 9.000 48.000 l 189.000 107.000 42.000 106.641 1 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* 60.948 5.000 48. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 46.000 69.000 44.5 5.000 46.000 42.000 69.000 80.000 91.843 362.000 87.041 <0.000 47.000 105. * Full-time.772 58.000 44.000 93.5 47.000 44.000 43.000 100.000 l 101. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 90. † • Engineering 115 .000 80.471 1 11.432 25.000 52.931 <0. ** Of people in the labor force.000 56. However.629 2 2 10.000 82.930 73.POPULARITY OF MAJORS† 29.000 70.000 59.000 76.085 <0.000 45.556 <0.000 l 82.000 51.000 46.000 70.444 458.000 50.000 l 120.000 90.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 79 55 68 59 60 81 52 62 80 49 63 67 84 61 36 67 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 35 22 41 24 32 39 28 33 56 18 7 Eng Tec ineerin hno logi g es Env Eng ironme inee nta ring l Gen Eng eral inee ring Geo Ge logic Engophysical and inee al r Indu ing Man strial Eng ufact and inee urin ring g Indu Tec strial hno Pro logi duc tion es Mat eria Eng ls Mat ineerin eria g a ls Sc nd ienc Mec e Eng hanic inee al ring Mec han Eng ic Tec ineerinal hno logi g Rela ted es Met Eng allurg inee ical ring Min Eng ing an inee d M ring iner al Mis Eng cellane inee ous ring Mis Eng cellan Tec ineerineous hno lo g Nav gies and al Ar Eng Marinchitectu inee e re ring Nuc lear Eng inee ring Petr oleu Eng inee m ring 75.000 l 55.000 88.000 120.5 7.000 l l 21 45 32 41 40 19 48 38 20 51 37 33 16 39 64 33 l l l l l WORK STATUS* 94 6 94 6 94 6 97 3 93 7 94 6 89 11 95 5 91 9 94 6 99 1 94 6 93 7 95 5 96 4 95 5 PERCENT EMPLOYED** 96 97 95 100 95 94 92 95 95 99 97 95 94 97 89 97 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 50.5 109.000 96.000 l EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 44.5 14.000 73.000 65.5 13 <0.

5 <0.000 17.000 79.5 1 ∆ Due to rounding.5 <0.000 70.000 62.5 . erin g Elec Eng trical inee ring Elec Eng trical Tec ineerin hno logy g Eng and ineer Man Indus ing age trial Eng ment Me ineer and chanic ing Scie s Phy nce sics Eng Maj ineerin or G g roup Ae Engrospace inee ring Arc Eng hitectu inee ral ring e Bio Eng logical inee ring Bio Eng medica inee l ring Che Eng mical inee ring hite Civi Arc l En gine ctur eeri ng Elec Eng trical inee ring Elec Eng trical Tec ineerin hno logy g Eng and ineer Man Indus ing age trial Eng ment Me ineer and chanic ing Scie s Phy nce sics l l l Eng Maj ineerin or G g roup Ae Engrospace inee ring Arc Eng hitectu inee ral ring e Biol Eng ogical inee ring Bio Eng medica inee l ring Che Eng mical inee ring hite ctur Civi l En gin Arc 16.000 80.000 82.5 <0.000 10.000 79.000 l l l 1 2 <0.5 1 <0.000 90.GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 16 84 12 88 19 81 31 69 26 74 45 55 28 72 16 84 11 89 10 90 17 83 17 83 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings 62. RACE AND ETHNICITY • Engineering RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 71 5 9 14 79 3 6 12 77 7 7 8 75 4 11 10 62 3 22 12 68 <0. these may not add to 100 percent.000 70. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.5 <0.000 18.000 70.000 * Full-time. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Male Median Earnings Difference l l 55.000 86.000 l l 72.000 58.000 l l 65.000 l l 20.000 92.5 5 26 71 5 8 15 76 3 8 12 64 6 7 22 62 11 6 18 89 5 2 4 79 5 8 7 116 1 <0.000 73.

5 16 4 91 4 1 1 83 12 4 117 17 83 l l 1 • Engineering 10 90 l l <0.000 72.000 10 90 70.000 70.000 78.000 55.000 65. l l 9 9 5 91 82 4 RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ 80.000 53.5 2 5 79 13 2 2 88 8 81 4 7 7 7 75 12 6 3 81 <0.000 <0. Due to rounding.000 18 1 l l l 2 6 27 73 83 9 <0.000 1 l l 71 3 5 29 79 13 <0.000 76 13 1 l l 6 4 94 85 6 5 <0.5 l l 5 4 33 67 85 6 <0.000 65.000 13.5 20 80 12.000 70 14 9 1 * Full-time.000 80.5 13 87 l l 120. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 80.5 5 21 79 67.5 Eng Tec ineerin hno logi g es Env Eng ironme inee nta ring l Gen Eng eral inee ring Geo Ge logic Engophysical and inee al ri Indu ng stria Ma Eng nufact l and inee urin ring g Indu Tec strial hno Pro logi duc tion es Mat eria Eng ls Mat ineerin eria g a ls Sc nd ienc Mec e Eng hanic inee al ring Mec han Eng ic Tec ineerinal hno logi g Rela ted es Met Eng allurg inee ical ring Min Eng ing an inee d M ring iner al Mis Eng cellane inee ous ring Mis Eng cellan Tec ineerineous hno lo g Nav gies and al Ar Eng Marinchitectu inee e re ring Nuc lear Eng inee ring Petr oleu Eng inee m ring Eng Tec ineerin hno logi g es Env Eng ironme inee nta ring l Gen Eng eral inee ring Geo Ge logic Engophysical and inee al ri Indu ng stria Ma Eng nufact l and inee urin ring g Indu Tec strial hno Pro logi duc tion es Mat eria Eng ls Mat ineerin eria g a ls Sc nd ienc Mec e Eng hanic inee al ring Mec han Eng ic Tec ineerinal hno logi g Rela ted es Met Eng allurg inee ical ring Min Eng ing an inee d M ring iner al Mis Eng cellane inee ous ring Mis Eng cellan Tec ineerineous hno lo g Nav gies and al Ar Eng Marinchitectu inee e re ring Nuc lear Eng inee ring Petr oleu Eng inee m ring .∆ l l 13 87 75 11 9 5 60. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 <0.000 1 3 97 l l <0.5 3 7 10.000 74.000 EARNINGS BY GENDER* GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS <0.5 21 79 15.000 63.000 80.000 82.5 15 7 61 13 85 60.000 12. these may not add to 100 percent.5 9 91 l l l <0.

000 60.000 20 I I 120.000 Bio Eng logical inee ring Bio Eng medica inee l ring 38 120.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Engineering Major Group as a Whole 28 110.000 Arc hite ctur e 32 35. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 45 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) 93. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 37 115.000 21 51.000 52.000 Eng Maj ineerin or G g roup Ae Engrospace inee ring Eng Maj ineerin or G g roup Ae Engrospace inee ring Arc Eng hitectu inee ral ring Arc hite ctur e 41 50.000 53.000 50.000 57.000 110.000 42.000 90.000 60.000 100.000 Bio Eng logical inee ring Bio Eng medica inee l ring Ch Engemical inee ring Civi l En gin eeri ng 45 35 42 48.000 Ch Engemical inee ring Civi l En gine erin g 50 103.000 * Full-time.000 44.118 • Engineering 102.000 60.000 84.000 Ele Eng ctrical inee ring Ele Eng ctrical Tec ineerin hno logy g Eng and ineerin Man Indus g age trial men t Eng Mec ineerin and hanic g Scie s Phy nce sics Eng Tec ineerin hno logi g es Env iron Eng inee menta ring l Ele Eng ctrical inee ring Ele Eng ctrical Tec ineerin hno logy g Eng and ineerin Man Indus g age trial men t Eng Mec ineerin and hanic g Scie s Phy nce sics Eng Tec ineerin hno logi g es Env iron Eng inee menta ring l .000 28 45.000 47 88. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 87.000 Arc Eng hitectu inee ral ring 83.

000 90.000 90.000 96.000 Ge Engneral inee ring Ge Geoologica Eng physic l and inee al ring Indu Ma stria Eng nufact l and inee urin ring g Ind Tec ustrial hno Pro logi duc tion es Mat Eng erials Mat ineerin eria g a ls Sc nd ienc e Mec Eng hanic inee al ring Me Eng chanic Tec ineerinal hno logi g Rela ted es Met allu Eng inee rgical ring Ge Engneral inee ring Ge Geoologica Eng physic l and inee al ring Indu Ma stria Eng nufact l and inee urin ring g I nd Tec ustrial hno Pro logi duc tion es Mat Eng erials Mat ineerin eria g a ls Sc nd ienc e Mec Eng hanic inee al ring Me Eng chanic Tec ineerinal hno logi g Rela ted es Met allu Eng inee rgical ring 41 125.l 100.000 * Full-time. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 32 101.000 50.000 105.000 40 19 48 38 52.000 44.000 87.000 20 51 37 91.000 33 I I Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Engineering Major Group as a Whole 16 120.000 106.000 50.000 48.000 45.000 39 64 33 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) 189.000 55.000 47.000 59. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Mi Engning an inee d M ring iner al Mi Engscellane inee ous ring Mi Engscellane Tec ineerin ous hno logi g es Nav and al Arc Eng Marin hitectu inee e re ring Nuc lear Eng inee ring Petr oleu Eng inee m ring 119 Mi Engning an inee d M ring iner al Mi Engscellane inee ous ring Mi Engscellane Tec ineerin ous hno logi g es Nav and al Arc Eng Marin hitectu inee e re ring Nuc lear Eng inee ring Petr oleu Eng inee m ring • Engineering .000 48. Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 44.000 82.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE ENGINEERING MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) Engineering Major Group Aerospace Engineering Architectural Engineering Architecture Biological Engineering Biomedical Engineering Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Electrical Engineering Electrical Engineering Technology Engineering and Industrial Management Engineering Mechanics Physics and Science Engineering Technologies • Engineering Environmental Engineering General Engineering Geological and Geophysical Engineering ENGR (32) ENGR (34) ENGR (39) ARCH (36) ENGR (21) ENGR (23) ENGR (35) ENGR (45) ENGR (37) 2nd Occupation (%) MGMT (22) MGMT (16) MGMT (18) MGMT (22) MGMT (19) MGMT (20) MGMT (26) MGMT (26) COMP (18) 3rd Occupation (%) COMP (9) TRAN (15) CON (8) ARTS (7) OFF (7) SALES (12) SALES (7) CON (5) MGMT (17) 4th Occupation (%) SALES (7) COMP (10) ARTS (8) SALES (7) SALES (7) BUS (7) COMP (6) OFF (4) SALES (6) 5th Occupation (%) ARCH (4) SALES (5) BUS (6) OFF (4) BLDG (6) COMP (7) PROD (4) SALES (4) INST (3) ENGR (24) MGMT (16) COMP(16) INST (9) SALES (8) MGMT (36) SALES (17) ENGR (9) BUS (7) COMP (6) MGMT (19) MGMT (24) ENGR (19) COMP (17) COMP (15) ENGR (17) INST (9) OFF (5) TRAN (8) PROD (5) ENGR (48) ENGR (31) MGMT (17) MGMT (18) PROD (9) COMP (10) SALES (7) SALES (8) BUS (3) PROD (5) 120 ENGR (28) LS (19) MGMT (18) COMP (6) BLDG (4) * Full-time. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN .

Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN • Engineering 121 ENGR (31) MGMT (22) INST (12) OFF (9) SALES (7) . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE ENGINEERING MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* (Continued) 1st Occupation (%) Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Industrial Production Technologies Materials Engineering and Materials Science Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies Metallurgical Engineering Mining and Mineral Engineering Miscellaneous Engineering Miscellaneous Engineering Technologies Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Nuclear Engineering Petroleum Engineering 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) MGMT (31) ENGR (28) SALES (8) COMP (6) BUS (5) MGMT (24) ENGR (16) SALES (10) OFF (8) PROD (8) MGMT (29) ENGR (44) ENGR (28) MGMT (24) SALES (17) SALES (7) COMP (6) COMP (6) PROD (4) PROD (4) ENGR (29) ENGR (32) MGMT (21) MGMT (29) SALES (11) SALES (11) INST (8) COMP (8) PROD (7) OFF (5) MGMT (31) ENGR (28) HLTH PROF (7) OFF (7) SALES (6) MGMT (28) ENGR (23) CON (8) OFF (7) SALES (6) MGMT (27) COMP (14) ENGR (11) SALES (8) OFF (6) ENGR (42) ENGR (45) MGMT (22) MGMT (32) BUS (8) SALES (6) COMP (7) OFF (5) HLTH PROF (7) CON (4) * Full-time.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .WHERE ENGINEERING MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) Engineering Major Group Aerospace Engineering Architectural Engineering Architecture Biological Engineering Biomedical Engineering Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Electrical Engineering Electrical Engineering Technology Engineering and Industrial Management Engineering Mechanics Physics and Science Engineering Technologies • Engineering Environmental Engineering General Engineering Geological and Geophysical Engineering MAN-d (25) MAN-d (33) PROF (38) PROF (47) MAN-d (16) PROF (28) MAN-nd (34) PROF (34) MAN-d (33) 2nd Industry (%) PROF (22) TRAN (18) CON (23) CON (11) CON (11) MAN-d (19) PROF (15) CON (27) PROF (21) 3rd Industry (%) CON (9) PROF (17) MAN-d (10) PUB (7) PROF (10) HS (16) MAN-d (14) PUB (11) INFO (6) 4th Industry (%) MAN-nd (7) PUB (9) FS (5) MAN-d (4) MAN-nd (9) EDU (8) PUB (6) MAN-d (6) UTIL (5) 5th Industry (%) PUB (6) RETL (4) PUB (5) RETL (4) PUB (9) INFO (7) FIN (4) UTIL (4) PUB (5) MAN-d (30) PROF (13) TRAN (7) RETL (6) INFO (6) MAN-d (27) RETL (10) PROF (9) MAN-nd (7) CON (6) MAN-d (21) MAN-d (18) PROF (13) PROF (15) PUB (8) PUB (13) FIN (7) CON (11) ADMN (7) MAN-nd (7) PROF (45) MAN-d (24) MAN-d (14) PROF (21) MAN-nd (10) CON (9) PUB (9) MAN-nd (5) UTIL (5) RETL (5) 122 PROF (24%) Mining (22) FIN (11) PUB (10) EDU (9) * Full-time.

Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd • Engineering 123 PROF (23) MAN-d (14) TRAN (13) UTIL (10) CON (5) .WHERE ENGINEERING MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Industrial Production Technologies Materials Engineering and Materials Science Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies Metallurgical Engineering MNG and Mineral Engineering Miscellaneous Engineering Miscellaneous Engineering Technologies Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Nuclear Engineering Petroleum Engineering 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) MAN-d (36) PROF (11) MAN-nd (10) FIN (6) CON (5) MAN-d (32) MAN-nd (10) PROF (9) RETL (6) CON (5) MAN-d (41) MAN-d (40) MAN-nd (16) PROF (18) PROF (8) MAN-nd (7) RETL (7) UTIL (5) FIN (5) CON (5) MAN-d (33) MAN-d (46) PROF (13) PROF (13) TRAN (10) WHLS-nd (11) RETL (8) MAN-nd (4) CON (6) RE (4) MNG (27) PROF (22) PUB (12) MAN-nd (7) HS (7) CON (30) MAN-d (14) MAN-nd (11) PROF (9) PUB (5) PROF (16) MAN-d (14) CON (13) MAN-nd (8) FIN (8) UTIL (46) MNG (44) PROF (16) MAN-nd (12) MAN-d (15) PROF (10) PUB (9) WHLS-d (8) HS (6) RE (5) * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

AfricanAmericans ($55. 13 percent Asian. 6 percent in Retail.000.000). women with these majors make about $60. and Other Races ($60. these may not add to 100 percent. About 2 percent are unemployed. • utrition Sciences N 1 124 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime.000) fall well below the $70. 72 percent work in Health Services. and 4 percent in Education Services. while the highest-earning is Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration. By industry. 9 percent African-American. 8 percent in Managerial.1 There is a significant gender imbalance in this major group (85 percent of people with these majors are women.000 and the 75th percentile earning of $80. and 4 percent in Office occupations. 77 percent work full-time. is 73 percent White.2 Earnings for Whites ($60. However. on average. 5 percent Hispanic. Earnings in Health as a whole vary widely. which is $10. Median earnings for those with only a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Health are $60. 15 percent are men).Health This group includes the following majors: • ommunity and C Public Health • eneral Medical and G Health Services • ealth and Medical H Administrative Services • ealth and Medical H Preparatory Programs • Medical Assisting Services • edical Technologies M Technicians • iscellaneous Health M Medical Professions • ursing N • Health Health accounts for 6.000 — a difference of $35. Of Health majors who are in the labor force and employed. Hispanics ($52. Due to rounding.000.000. Of people who majored in Health.000). as a result. and 1 percent Other Races. About 31 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and. The racial makeup of these majors. get an average earnings boost of 50 percent. with the 25th percentile earning $45.000). The lowest-earning of these majors is Health and Medical Preparatory Programs.9 percent of all majors. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only.000 less than men. 69 percent work in Health Practice.000 in median wages earned by Asians. • harmacy Pharmaceutical P Sciences and Administration • reatment Therapy Professions T 2 .

000 Medical Assisting Services 55.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF HEALTH MAJOR GROUP* 60.000 Nutrition Sciences • Health 125 45.000 Health and Medical Preparatory Programs * Full-time.000 Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration 60.000 Medical Technologies Technicians 56. .000 Miscellaneous Health Medical Professions 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Nursing 60.000 Community and Public Health 46.000 Treatment Therapy Professions 58.000 Health Major Group 105.000 Health and Medical Administrative Services 48.000 General Medical and Health Services 42.

000 24.000 78.000 42.379 66.000 47.000 48.000 38.844 54.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 45.000 46.000 37.000 67.457 133.000 67.919 144.000 71.000 60.197 6 10 48 36 ofes n sion t Thera s py n Sc ie .000 38.000 71.000 40.732 44.000 40.000 28.271 81.000 40.000 80.000 83.981 100 2 4 4 1 2 6 3 60 3 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 60.000 72.396.000 35.000 120.759 18.Hea l th M ajor Gro up Com Pub munit lic H y an ealt d h Gen eral and Hea Medic lth S al ervi Hea ces Adm lth an Serv inistr d Med ices ativ ical e Hea Pre lth and par ato Medi ry P cal rog Med ram s Serv ical A s s is ices ting Med Tec ical T hnic echn ians olo gies Mis cell Med ane ical ous H Pro fess ealth ions Nur sing ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 2.000 35.320.000 32.000 35. † nce Pha s Pha rmacy and rmace Adm utica Tre inistrat l Scienc es ion Pr atme ritio Nut 227. However.000 55.000 80.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 69 60 63 68 21 78 73 60 76 63 52 64 31 40 37 32 79 22 27 40 24 37 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree • Health 50 58 76 40 190 66 46 57 43 42 13 20 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 77 23 78 22 76 24 88 12 70 30 52 48 81 19 76 24 77 23 74 26 81 19 71 29 126 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 98 94 95 97 95 99 97 96 98 97 98 99 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 80.531 59.000 60. * Full-time.000 57.842 1.000 32.000 77. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 35.000 44.000 28.000 29.000 105.000 36. ** Of people in the labor force.000 39.000 45.000 48. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 32.552 92.000 58.000 40.000 56.

000 70.000 10.000 45.000 68.000 <0. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 18 6 77 23 l l l 6 1 12 8 65 l l 5 1 5 5 83 6 4 72 7 77 10 9 5 65.000 65.000 11.000 15 71 51.∆ % White GENDER RACE AND ETHNICITY % Hispanic Difference Percent Female Percent Male % Asian % African.000 10. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.5 Nut ritio n Sc ie 52 48 20 10.000 100.000 55. 7 71 76 24 Female Median Earnings 60.000 60.000 60.5 5 71 4 6 5 80 Pha es Pha rmacy rma and Adm ceutica l Tre inistrati Science atm on s Pr e 16 79 21 1 ofes n sion t Thera s py 127 85 15 6 <0.000 7.000 <0.American GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % Other Races and Ethnicities EARNINGS BY GENDER* Male Median Earnings 9 5 73 85 13 15 GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS 1 Hea lth M 70 30 73 14 4 7 1 * Full-time.000 18.000 8.000 58.000 45. these may not add to 100 percent. Due to rounding.000 41.5 nce Pha s Pha rmacy and rmace Adm utica Tre inistrat l Scienc es ion Pr atme ofes n sion t Thera s py .000 48.5 • Health 8 92 13 1 ajor Gro up Com Pub munit lic H y an ealt d h Gen eral and Hea Medic lth S al ervi Hea ces Adm lth an inis d Me Serv ices trativ dical e Hea Pre lth and par ato Medi ry P cal rog Med ram s Serv ical A ices ssist ing Med Tec ical T hnic echn ians olo gies Mis cell Med ane ical ous H Pro fess ealth ions Nur sing Hea l th M ajor Gro up Com Pub munit lic H y an ealt d h Gen eral and Hea Medic lth S al ervi Hea ces Adm lth an Serv inistr d Med ices ativ ical e Hea Pre lth and par ato Medi ry P cal rog Med ram ical s Serv As s ices i s ti n g Med Tec ical T hnic echn ians olo gies Mis cell Med ane ical ous H Pro fess ealth ions Nur sing 89 16 11 <0.5 77 23 9 7.000 <0.000 62.000 110.000 42.000 1.000 46.000 73 5 7 l l 55 45 13 2 72 Nut ritio n Sc ienc 4 96 8 55.

• Health

128

80,000

45,000

* Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE

EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE*

31
Hea lth M ajor

71,000 67,000

35,000 32,000 39,000

40 37 77,000 32 71,000 24,000 79 40,000 44,000 22 27 40 28,000 78,000 72,000 57,000

I I

80,000

48,000

24 37
Nut ritio n Sc ienc

Gro up Com mun Pub lic H ity an ealt d h Gen and eral M Hea edic lth S al ervi Hea ces Adm lth an inis d Me Serv ices trativ dical e Hea lth a Pre par nd M ato ry P edical rog ram Med s ical Serv ices Assist ing Med Tec ical T hnic echn ians olo gies Mis cell Med ane ical ous H Pro fess ealth ions Nur sing

Hea l th M ajor Gro up Com mun Pub lic H ity an ealt d h Gen eral and Hea Medic lth S al ervi Hea ces l th a Adm n Serv inistr d Med ices ativ ical e Hea l th a Pre par nd M ato ry P edical rog ram Med s ical Serv ices Assist ing Med Tec ical T hnic echn ians olo gies Mis cell Med ane ical ous H Pro fess ealth ions Nur sing

67,000

35,000

Nut

ritio

n Sc

ie

120,000

83,000

48 36
Pro

Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Health Major Group as a Whole

Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%)

Pha es Pha rmacy and rmace Adm utica inis l Sci trat enc Tre es ion atm

fess ent Th ions era py

nce Pha s Pha rmacy rma and Adm ceutica inis l Sci trat enc Tre es ion atm

80,000

40,000

Pro fess ent Th ions era py

WHERE HEALTH MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION*
1st
Occupation (%)

2nd
Occupation (%)

3rd
Occupation (%)

4th
Occupation (%)

5th
Occupation (%)

Health Major Group Community and Public Health General Medical and Health Services Health and Medical Administrative Services Health and Medical Preparatory Programs Medical Assisting Services Medical Technologies Technicians Miscellaneous Health Medical Professions Nursing Nutrition Sciences Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration Treatment Therapy Professions

HLTH PROF (69) MGMT (20) HLTH PROF (27)

MGMT (8) HLTH PROF (16) MGMT (13)

OFF (4) OFF (12) OFF (12)

SALES (3) SALES (9) SALES (9)

HLTH SUP (3) BUS (6) EDU (8)

MGMT (25)

OFF (22)

HLTH PROF (15)

BUS (10)

SALES (8)

SALES (17) HLTH PROF (69)

MGMT (17) OFF (8)

OFF (12) HLTH SUP (5)

HLTH SUP (11) MGMT (3)

HLTH PROF (10) BUS (3)

HLTH PROF (62)

MGMT (9)

LS (6)

HLTH SUP (4)

OFF (3)

HLTH PROF (22) HLTH PROF (82) HLTH PROF (35)

OFF (16) MGMT (6) MGMT (14)

COMM (15) HLTH SUP (2) OFF (13)

MGMT (13) OFF (2) SALES (9)

SALES (6) SALES (2) EDU (5)

HLTH PROF (76) HLTH PROF (60)

SALES (7) MGMT (9)

MGMT (5) OFF (5)

HLTH SUP (3) COMM (5)

OFF (2) HLTH SUP (4) • Health
129

* Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.
Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN

WHERE HEALTH MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY*
1st
Industry (%)

2nd
Industry (%)

3rd
Industry (%)

4th
Industry (%)

5th
Industry (%)

Health Major Group Community and Public Health General Medical and Health Services Health and Medical Administrative Services Health and Medical Preparatory Programs Medical Assisting Services Medical Technologies Technicians Miscellaneous Health Medical Professions Nursing Nutrition Sciences Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration • Health Treatment Therapy Professions

HS (72) HS (34) HS (47)

RETL (6) PUB (15) EDU (11)

EDU (4) EDU (12) FIN (8)

PUB (4) PROF (6) PUB (8)

FIN (3) FIN (5) RETL (4)

HS (53)

PROF (7)

FIN (6)

PUB (6)

RETL (4)

HS (25) HS (77)

RETL (13) PROF (3)

FIN (13) EDU (3)

PUB (7) ARTS (3)

MAN-d (6) INFO (2)

HS (75)

PROF (5)

EDU (3)

MAN-nd (2)

MAN-d (2)

HS (34) HS (84) HS (40)

PUB (10) EDU (3) EDU (9)

EDU (9) PUB (3) FS (7)

RETL (7) FIN (2) PUB (7)

FIN (7) MAN-nd (1) RETL (6)

RETL (58) HS(69)

HS (27) EDU (9)

MAN-nd (3) PUB (3)

WHLS-d (2) RETL (2)

FS (2) FS (2)

130

* Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.
Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd

131 • Health .

German.Humanities and Liberal Arts This group includes the following majors: • nthropology and Archeology A • rea. Ethnic. Latin. and F Other Common Foreign Language Studies • istory H • Humanities and Liberal Arts • umanities H • ntercultural and I International Studies • iberal Arts L • inguistics and Comparative L Language and Literature • ther Foreign Languages O • hilosophy and P Religious Studies • heology and T Religious Vocations • nited States History U 132 . and A Civilization Studies • rt History and Criticism A • omposition and Speech C • nglish Language and E Literature • rench.

000. with the 25th percentile earning $32.Humanities and Liberal Arts make up 9.000 — a difference of $38. Of people who majored in Humanities and Liberal Arts. Median earnings for those with only a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Humanities and Liberal Arts are $47. on average. $43. 15 percent in Office. African-Americans ($44. and 1 percent Other Races.000).000 and the 75th percentile earning $70. 80 percent work full-time. Earnings in Humanities and Liberal Arts as a whole vary widely. 2 • Humanities and Liberal Arts 133 . while the highest is United States History. is 80 percent White.2 Earnings for Asians ($44.000 less than men. However. Hispanics ($42.000). The racial makeup of these majors.000. 6 percent Hispanic.000). 18 percent work in Managerial. 15 percent work in Education Services. women with these majors make.000. 11 percent in Professional Services. By industry. as a result. The major with the lowest median earnings is Theology and Religious Vocations. About 7 percent are unemployed. in the aggregate. 6 percent African-American. Due to rounding. 7 percent Asian.7 percent of all majors.1 These majors have a gender imbalance: 58 percent of people in these majors are women and 42 percent are men. and 10 percent in Financial Services. these may not add to 100 percent. and Other Races ($42. which is $7.000 for Whites. There is considerable earnings variation among the majors that make up this group. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. get an average earnings boost of 48 percent.000) are somewhat lower than the median earnings of $48. About 41 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and. and 14 percent in Sales occupations. 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. Of those with these majors who are in the labor force and employed.

000 Liberal Arts 48.000 History 48.000 English Language and Literature 48.000 Humanities • Humanities and Liberal Arts 48.000 Art History and Criticism 50.000 United States History 50.000 Humanities and Liberal Arts Major Group 57.000 Other Foreign Languages 48.000 Philosophy and Religious Studies * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. 134 .MEDIAN EARNINGS OF HUMANITIES AND LIBERAL ARTS MAJOR GROUP* 47.

000 Area. • Humanities and Liberal Arts 135 . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Latin. Ethnic.000 French. and Civilization Studies 45. and Other Common Foreign Language Studies 45.000 Linguistics and Comparative Language and Literature 45.000 Composition and Speech 45. German.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF HUMANITIES AND LIBERAL ARTS MAJOR GROUP* (Continued) 45.000 Anthropology and Archeology 44.000 Theology and Religious Vocations * Full-time.000 Intercultural and International Studies 38.

Ge Co n.000 66.000 70.000 30.000 57 43 42 80 20 93 Hum and anitie s Maj Libera or G l Art roup s Ant and hropolo A rc heo gy logy ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of All Majors 3.000 32.000 33.000 50. gua ore r ge S ign tudi es 48 .000 70.000 34.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 32. and Stud ies A rt and History Crit icism Eng and lish Lan Lite g ratu uage re 925.073 28 48.943 6 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 47.782 100 125.000 36.000 33.000 45.000 71.235 2 67.287.000 32. and rma Lanmmon F Othen.000 45.000 37.336 2 Com and positio Sp e n ech 185. However.A re a Civi .000 35. Ethn i liza tion c.000 68. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 45. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.427 4 92.012 3 80.000 35. * Full-time.000 35.000 38. ** Of people in the labor force. † Fre Lati nch.000 45.000 38.000 70.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) • Humanities and Liberal Arts 59 57 56 65 66 52 41 43 44 35 34 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 48 43 51 51 55 43 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 80 20 78 22 74 26 76 24 80 20 76 24 136 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 93 94 92 91 93 95 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 65.

000 35.000 45.ies POPULARITY OF MAJORS† 595.000 48.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 54 63 64 75 53 56 47 62 50 46 37 36 25 47 44 53 38 60 35 59 42 45 69 36 21 52 WORK STATUS* 84 16 77 23 78 22 82 18 70 30 78 22 80 20 81 19 83 17 PERCENT EMPLOYED** 93 91 93 94 90 91 92 96 90 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 32.000 43.333 1 637. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 30.000 37.715 6 15. † • Humanities and Liberal Arts 137 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE The Reli ology a giou nd s Vo cati ons Uni Hist ted Sta tes ory 85.000 73.617 2 48.000 43.403 1 178.000 48.000 48. * Full-time.000 67.299 <0.000 32.063 1 46.000 37.000 44.000 43.000 33.000 48.000 73. However. ** Of people in the labor force.000 77.000 70.822 5 191.000 27.000 50 Inte Inte rcultura rnat iona l and l St u d Lin Comguistic Lan para s and Lite guage tive ratu an d re Hist ory Phil Reli osophy giou a s St nd udie s Oth Lan er Fore i gua ges gn ies Hum anit Libe ra l A rt s .000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 34.000 48.000 57.000 25.216 18 40.000 30. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 38.000 75.000 43.000 40.288 19 58.5 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* 50.000 70.000 52.000 30.

000 42.000 56.000 45.000 7.000 40. Ethn i liza tion c.000 42.000 12.000 50.000 7. Ge Co n.American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 80 6 6 7 87 3 6 4 69 8 7 13 88 1 5 6 85 7 4 3 78 4 12 6 138 1 <0. and rma Lanmmon F Othen.000 52.000 7. these may not add to 100 percent. and Stud ies A rt and History Crit icism Eng and lish Lan Lite g ratu uage re 67 33 45.5 ∆ Due to rounding.000 50. Ge Co n.000 8. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.A re a Civi .000 7.000 49.000 52. and Stud ies Art and History Crit icism Eng and lish Lan Lite g ratu uage re 82 6 5 6 1 Hum and anitie s Maj Libera or G l Art roup s Ant and hropolo Arc heo gy logy RACE AND ETHNICITY • Humanities and Liberal Arts RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African.000 52.000 14.000 * Full-time. gua ore r ge S ign tudi es Fre Lati nch.000 42. Ethn i liza tion c. and rma Lanmmon F Othen. gua ore r ge S ign tudi es 76 24 .5 Com and positio Spe n ech 2 1 1 <0. Fre Lati nch. Are a Civi .000 Hum and anitie s Maj Libera or G l Art roup s Ant and hropolo A rc heo gy logy GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 58 42 61 39 70 30 85 15 Com and positio Sp e n ech 60 40 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 43.

ies Lin Comguistic Lan para s and Lite guage tive ratu an d re GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS 40 60 61 39 65 35 60 40 78 22 60 40 35 65 34 66 42 58 EARNINGS BY GENDER* 40.000 40.5 2 2 1 1 1 1 <0.000 40.000 42.000 50.000 52.5 <0.000 7. • Humanities and Liberal Arts 139 RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ Hist Libe ral A anit rts s The Reli ology a giou nd s Vo cati ons Uni Hist ted Sta tes ory 60.000 13.000 38. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 55.000 55. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 33.000 15.000 10.000 l * Full-time.000 42. ies Inte Inte rcultura rnat iona l and l Stu d Lin Comguistic Lan para s and Lite guage tive ratu an d re Phil Reli osophy giou a s St nd udie s Oth Lan er Fore i gua ges gn The Reli ology a giou nd s Vo ca tion Uni Hist ted Sta tes ory ies ory Hum 86 5 5 4 73 8 10 8 75 3 9 11 75 7 9 8 65 7 12 16 67 3 3 26 82 6 4 7 79 12 5 4 75 12 11 2 <0.000 50.000 14.000 8.000 46.000 50. these may not add to 100 percent.000 42.000 54.000 4.5 ∆ Due to rounding.000 l Inte Inte rcultura rnat iona l and l St u d Hist ory Phil Reli osophy giou a s St nd udie s Oth Lan er Fore i gua ges gn ies Hum anit Libe ra l A rt s .000 12.

Ethn i liza tion c. and O an.000 30.000 44 70.000 35.000 33.000 43 32.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Humanities and Liberal Arts Major Group as a Whole Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Hist ory Hist ory .000 I I Eng and lish Lan Lite g ratu uage re 68.000 Com and positio Sp e n ech 34.000 35 32. and Stud ies A rt and History Crit icism 65. Ger m n Com . ther mon Lan gua Foreig ge S n tudi es Hum and anitie s Maj Libera or G l Art roup s Ant and hropolo Arc heo gy logy Are a Civi . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Ger m n Com . and O an.000 34 43 48 46 Fren Lati ch.000 70. EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 41 66. ther mon Lan gua Foreig ge S n tudi es 77. Ethn i liza tion c.140 • Humanities and Liberal Arts 32. and Stud ies Art and History Crit icism Com and positio Spe n ech Eng and lish Lan Lite g ratu uage re Ant and hropolo A rc heo gy logy Hum and anitie s Maj Libera or G l Art roup s A re a Civi .000 71.000 * Full-time.000 70.000 Fren Lati ch.000 34.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Oth Lan er Fore i gua ges gn 75.000 * Full-time.000 Inte Inte rcultura rnat iona l and l St u d Libe ra l A ies 25 Libe ral A rts 70.000 27.000 33.000 35.000 53 38 50 I I Phil Reli osophy giou a s St nd udie s 52.000 30.000 36 Inte Inte rcultura rnat iona l and l Stu d ies 70.000 The Reli ology a giou nd s Vo cati ons 85. EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE 37 Hum anit ies ies Hum anit 73.000 32.67.000 37.000 Un Histited Sta ory tes Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Humanities and Liberal Arts Major Group as a Whole Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) 141 • Humanities and Liberal Arts .000 rt s 47 30.000 30.000 44 Ling Com uistics Lan parati and Lite guage a ve ratu re nd Oth Lan er Fore i gua ges gn Phil Reli osophy giou a s St nd udie s The Reli ology a giou nd s Vo ca tion s Un Histited Sta ory tes Ling Com uistics Lan parati and Lite guage a ve ra t u re nd 73.

and Civilization Studies Art History and Criticism Composition and Speech English Language and Literature French. Ethnic.WHERE HUMANITIES AND LIBERAL ARTS MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Humanities and Liberal Arts Major Group Anthropology and Archeology Area. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. and Other Common Foreign Language Studies History Humanities Intercultural and International Studies Liberal Arts Linguistics and Comparative Language and Literature Other Foreign Languages Philosophy and Religious Studies Theology and Religious Vocations United States History MGMT (18) OFF (17) MGMT (20) SALES (21) ARTS (17) MGMT (20) OFF (15) SALES (13) OFF (15) OFF (20) MGMT (16) OFF (15) SALES (14) MGMT (12) SALES (10) MGMT (18) EDU (14) SALES (13) EDU (11) EDU (8) EDU (9) ARTS (8) OFF (12) EDU (11) ARTS (6) BUS (7) COMM (8) BUS (7) SALES (10) ARTS (10) MGMT (17) MGMT (18) MGMT (20) OFF (16) SALES (16) OFF (13) EDU (16) OFF (15) SALES (11) SALES (13) EDU (11) EDU (10) BUS (6) BUS (6) ARTS (10) MGMT (21) MGMT (18) OFF (18) SALES (15) SALES (14) OFF (14) EDU (8) EDU (13) LGL (6) BUS (5) • Humanities and Liberal Arts MGMT (17) MGMT (19) MGMT (18) OFF (16) OFF (15) SALES (13) SALES (14) SALES (9) OFF (12) EDU (12) ARTS (7) COMM (10) ARTS (12) COMP (7) COMP (8) COMM (32) MGMT (23) OFF (12) SALES (16) MGMT (11) EDU (12) EDU (9) OFF (11) SALES (7) COMP (9) 142 * Full-time. Latin. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN . German.

German.WHERE HUMANITIES AND LIBERAL ARTS MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Humanities and Liberal Arts Major Group Anthropology and Archeology Area. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. and Civilization Studies Art History and Criticism Composition and Speech English Language and Literature French. Latin. and Other Common Foreign Language Studies History Humanities Intercultural and International Studies Liberal Arts Linguistics and Comparative Language and Literature Other Foreign Languages Philosophy and Religious Studies Theology and Religious Vocations United States History EDU (15) PROF (15) EDU (14) RETL (18) EDU (18) EDU (17) PROF (11) RETL (11) HS (14) PROF (13) INFO (13) PROF (12) FIN (10) HS (11) FIN (10) ARTS (8) PROF (10) INFO (10) RETL (9) EDU (9) PROF (9) EDU (7) RETL (8) FIN (10) HS (9) PUB (9) OS (9) INFO (6) HS (7) RETL (8) EDU (21) EDU (15) EDU (15) FIN (11) FIN (14) PROF (13) PROF (10) RETL (10) HS (13) HS (9) PUB (10) RETL (9) RETL (7) PROF (9) FIN (9) PROF (18) EDU (17) EDU (15) HS (11) FIN (12) RETL (9) PUB (8) FIN (9) RETL (7) PROF (9) EDU (18) PROF (13) OS (13) FIN (14) EDU (11) FIN (11) INFO (11) PUB (11) PROF (11) PROF (9) HS (10) EDU (10) RETL (8) OS (9) HS (9) OS (33) FIN (15) EDU (12) EDU (13) HS (10) RETL (10) RETL (7) INFO (9) PUB (6) PROF (9) * Full-time. Ethnic. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd • Humanities and Liberal Arts 143 .

2 Earnings for Asians ($45. The major with the lowest median earnings is Family and Consumer Services. 3 percent Asian. get an average earnings boost of 35 percent. 12 percent in Sales.000. 7 percent African-American. P Parks. 6 percent Hispanic. and 9 percent in Education occupations.000 less than men.000).000). Median earnings for those with a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Industrial Arts and Consumer Services are $50.000—a difference of $42. $40.000. women with these majors make. with the 25th percentile earning $33. and Hispanics ($42. Recreation. in the aggregate. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only.Industrial Arts and Consumer Services This group includes the following majors: • onstruction Services C • osmetology Services and C Culinary Arts • lectrical and Mechanical E Repairs and Technologies • amily and Consumer Sciences F • ilitary Technologies M • hysical Fitness. on average. and Leisure • recision Production and P Industrial Arts • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Industrial Arts and Consumer Services account for 1. There is considerable earnings variation among the majors that make up this group. • ransportation Sciences and T Technologies 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime. By industry. Due to rounding. The racial makeup of these majors. and 10 percent in Transportation. African-Americans ($40. 12 percent in Education Services. while the highest is Construction Services. Of people with these majors. 13 percent work in Construction. 2 144 .000 earned by Whites.000. and 1 percent Other Races. Earnings in Industrial Arts and Consumer Services as a whole vary widely. is 83 percent White. which is $15. About 20 percent of people with Industrial Arts and Consumer Services majors obtain a graduate degree and.000 and the 75th percentile earning $75.000) are somewhat lower than the median wage of $50. 35 percent women). as a result.1 There is a gender imbalance in these majors (65 percent men. However. these may not add to 100 percent.6 percent of all majors. 22 percent work in Managerial.

84 percent work full-time.000 Transportation Sciences and Technologies 57. Parks. About 5 percent are unemployed. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.Of those with Industrial Arts and Consumer Services majors who are in the labor force and employed. and Leisure 40.000 Cosmetology Services and Culinary Arts 43.000 Electrical and Mechanic Repairs and Technologies 46.000 Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Major Group 70.000 Physical Fitness.000 Family and Consumer Sciences • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services 145 Military Technologies Precision Production and Industrial Arts * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. MEDIAN EARNINGS OF INDUSTRIAL ARTS AND CONSUMER SERVICES MAJOR GROUP* 50.000 Construction Services 64. Recreation. .

000 59.000 l 75. Re ness.250 16 2.272 1 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 50.000 l 23 16 l .000 30.000 100.000 50.000 39.000 30.000 40. a nd Leis creatio u re n.791 1 331.159 7 Cos Serv metolo g Cul ices an y inar d y Ar ts Elec trica Mec la and hanic R nd Tec hno epairs logi es Fa m Con ily and sum er S cien ces Mili Tec tary hno logi es Ph y s Park ical Fit s.ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of All Majors 554.000 29.000 31.000 l 43. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 38.701 18 l Indu Con strial A Maj sumer rts and or G Serv roup ices Con Serv structio ices n 64.707 100 70. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 42. ** Of people in the labor force.000 l PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services 80 89 89 88 74 70 76 77 84 20 11 11 12 26 30 24 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 35 19 37 50 31 l l l WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 84 16 93 7 87 13 93 7 76 24 90 10 81 19 93 7 85 15 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 95 95 91 96 96 100 95 92 96 146 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 70.000 l 61. † Prec and ision P Indu rodu stria ction l Ar ts Tran spor Scie ta t Tech nces an ion no lo d gies 97.000 50.000 46.000 30.000 l l 90. However. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. * Full-time.000 31.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 33.692 2 319.000 57.000 68.000 70.000 50. 9.750 13 36.000 40.342 60 6.

5 72.5 11 89 65. a nd Leis creatio u re n.000 6.000 87 92 6 2 8 l l RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ 1 7 36.000 78 8 5 8 60.5 7 93 l <0.000 83 35 65 6 3 1 * Full-time. 11 89 l <0.5 49 51 40.000 46. Due to rounding. Re ness.000 <0. l l Cos Serv metolo g Cul ices an y inar d y Ar ts Elec trica Mec la and hanic R nd Tec hno epairs logi es Fa m ily a Con sum nd er S cien ces Mili t a ry Tec hno logi es Ph y s Park ical Fit s.000 20.∆ GENDER RACE AND ETHNICITY % Asian % White Difference % Hispanic Percent Male Percent Female % African-American Male Median Earnings Female Median Earnings % Other Races and Ethnicities EARNINGS BY GENDER* 7 GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS 40. these may not add to 100 percent.000 56. Re ness.000 1 Cos Serv metolo g Cul ices an y inar d y Ar ts Elec trica Mec la and hanic R nd Tec hno epairs logi es Fam ily a Con sum nd er S cien ces Mili Tec tary hno logi es Phy s Park ical Fit s.000 61 4 l l 9 91 1 14 22 84 8 6 2 5 82 10 4 80 6 6 7 93 7 40.000 55.000 77 10 4 l l Indu Con strial A Maj sumer rts and or G Serv roup ices Con Serv structio ices n 62 Indu Con strial A Maj sumer rts and or G Serv roup ices Con Serv structio ices n 38 1 79 8 6 7 15. and Leis creatio ure n.000 15. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 1 l l Prec and ision P Indu rodu stria ction l Ar ts Tran spor Scie tat Tech nces an ion nolo d gies Prec and ision P Indu rodu stria ction l Ar ts Tran spor Scie ta t Tech nces an ion no lo d gies 147 • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services .000 55. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

Rec tness.000 12 30.000 30. Pre Pro cision and ductio Ind n ustr ial A rts Tra nsp Scie orta Tec nces a tion hno nd logi es Cos Ser metolo Cul vices a gy inar nd y Ar ts Elec Mec trical and hanic and Te c R e p hno airs logi es Fam ily a Con sum nd er S cien ces Mil itar Te c y hno logi es Phy sica Par l Fi and ks.000 40.000 11 70. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Ind Con ustrial Ma sumer Arts an jor G Se d rou rvices p Con Ser struct vice ion s Ind Con ustrial Ma sumer Arts an jor G Se d rou rvices p Con Ser struct vice ion s I I 30 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Industrial Arts and Consumer Servies Major Group as a Whole 61.148 • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services 75.000 33. Leis reat ure ion.000 26 59.000 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Cos Ser metolo Cul vices a gy inar nd y Ar ts Elec Mec trical and hanic and Tec Rep hno airs logi es Fam ily a Con sum nd er S cien ces Mil itar Tec y hno logi es Phy sica Par l Fi and ks.000 11 68. Rec tness.000 30.000 * Full-time. Pre Pro cision and ductio Ind n ustr ial A rt s Tra ns p Scie orta Tec nces a tion hno nd logi es . PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 20 100.000 24 23 16 90. Leis reat ure ion.000 50.000 39. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

Parks. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN 149 • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services . and Leisure Precision Production and Industrial Arts Transportation Sciences and Technologies MGMT (22) MGMT (54) SALES (12) CON (12) EDU (9) ENGR (9) TRAN (8) BUS (7) OFF (7) SALES (5) FOOD (32) MGMT (30) SALES (14) OFF (7) PROD (5) INST (37) EDU (21) OFF (29) PROD (12) MGMT (15) PROT (19) TRAN (11) OFF (15) SALES (13) OFF (8) SALES (11) MGMT (12) SALES (7) COMM (8) COMP (8) MGMT (16) SALES (16) EDU (13) OFF (9) PERS (9) MGMT (22) PROD (14) INST (13) SALES (8) PROT (7) TRAN (32) MGMT (14) SALES (8) OFF (7) INST (6) * Full-time.WHERE INDUSTRIAL ARTS AND CONSUMER SERVICES MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Major Group Construction Services Cosmetology Services and Culinary Arts Electrical and Mechanic Repairs and Technologies Family and Consumer Sciences Military Technologies Physical Fitness. Recreation.

and Leisure Precision Production and Industrial Arts Transportation Sciences and Technologies CON (13) CON (69) EDU (12) PROF (6) TRAN (10) MAN-d (4) HS (10) RETL (3) ARTS (8) UTIL (2) FS (36) OS (14) RETL (8) HS (7) EDU (6) TRAN (26) HS (24) RETL (24) MAN-d (22) EDU (21) PUB (19) CON (12) RETL (9) PROF (18) RETL (11) PUB (7) UTIL (13) OS (7) FIN (6) MAN-nd (8) EDU (18) HS (15) ARTS (14) RETL (7) FIN (7) MAN-d (24) PUB (16) CON (12) PROF (12) WHLS-nd (7) • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services TRAN (40) PUB (10) MAN-d (8) EDU (6) RETL (5) * Full-time. Recreation. Parks.WHERE INDUSTRIAL ARTS AND CONSUMER SERVICES MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Industrial Arts and Consumer Services Major Group Construction Services Cosmetology Services and Culinary Arts Electrical and Mechanic Repairs and Technologie Family and Consumer Sciences Military Technologies Physical Fitness. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd 150 . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

151 • Industrial Arts and Consumer Services .

3 percent Asian and 1 percent Other Races. Due to rounding. 32 percent work in Protective.3 percent of all majors. About 5 percent are unemployed. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. Of people who majored in Law and Public Policy. and 11 percent in Office occupations. Median earnings for those with only a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Law and Public Policy are $50. in the aggregate. 11 percent in Management. Earnings in Law and Public Policy as a whole vary widely. The major with the lowest median earnings is Public Policy. while the highest is Public Administration. $42.000. as a result. which is $16. Of Law and Public Policy majors who are in the labor force and employed. 2 • Law and Public Policy 152 . get an average earnings boost of 45 percent. 10 percent Hispanic. 41 percent female). About 24 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and. 8 percent in Health Services. with the 25th percentile earning $36. Women with these majors make.Law and Public Policy This group includes the following majors: • Court Reporting • riminal Justice and C Fire Protection • Pre-law and Legal Studies • Public Administration • Public Policy Law and Public Policy make up 2.000 and the 75th percentile earning $74.000) are somewhat lower than the $55. African-Americans ($42. 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime.2 Earnings of Whites ($52. 90 percent work full-time. and 7 percent in Financial Services.000.000). 43 percent work in Public Administration.000—a difference of $38. and Hispanics ($50. The racial makeup of these majors. 14 percent African-American. these may not add to 100 percent. is 72 percent White. Earnings for majors within this group can vary significantly.000 less than men. By industry.1 Within these majors.000 median earnings of Asians.000). on average. there is a significant gender imbalance (59 percent male.000.

000 Law and Public Policy Major Group 59.000 Public Policy Court Reporting * Full-time. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid. • Law and Public Policy 153 . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY MAJOR GROUP* 50.000 Pre-Law and Legal Studies 48.000 Criminal Justice and Fire Protection 49.000 Public Administration 50.

l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.315 6 13.000 l 73. * Full-time.000 41.978 100 6.085 85 52.000 l PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 76 72 80 64 56 50 24 28 20 36 44 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 45 34 81 35 107 l WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) • Law and Public Policy Part-time (%) 90 10 85 15 90 10 88 12 89 11 82 18 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 95 90 95 91 94 94 154 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 59.000 38.000 34. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.864 7 44.000 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 l 50.000 38. However.000 94. ** Of people in the labor force.000 30.281 1 652.000 54.000 48. † Pub 50 lic P olic y .000 49.000 66.000 35.000 75.Crim inal and Just ic Fire Prot e ecti on ing La w a Pub nd lic P ol Maj or G icy roup Cou rt R epo rt PreLa w a Leg al S nd tudi es ion Pub lic Ad m inist ra t ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 768.000 l 74.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 36.433 2 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median Earnings 50.000 36.

000 14.5 2 ∆ Due to rounding.000 70.000 l 41. Crim inal and Just ic Fire Prot e ecti on g Law a Pub nd lic P ol Maj or G icy roup rtin PreLaw a Leg al S nd tudi es tion Pub l l l Pub lic Adm inist ra epo RACE AND ETHNICITY Cou RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 72 14 10 3 61 14 15 2 73 14 10 2 70 14 8 8 67 18 10 4 72 15 • Law and Public Policy 155 1 8 1 <0.000 17.000 50.000 58.Crim inal and Just ic Fire Prot e ecti on ing La w a Pub nd lic P ol Maj or G icy roup Cou rt R epo rt PreLa w a Leg al S nd tudi es ion Pub lic Ad m inist ra t GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 41 59 57 43 39 61 72 28 43 57 48 52 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings Male Median Earnings Difference 42.000 20.000 59.000 45.000 58.000 16. these may not add to 100 percent. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid. Pub 6 7 1 lic P rt R olic y lic P olic y .000 l l * Full-time.

000 74.000 66. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 * Full-time.Crim inal and Just ic Fire Prot e ecti on ing La w a Pub nd lic P ol Maj or G icy roup Cou rt R epo rt PreLa w a Leg al S nd tudi es ion Pub lic Ad m inist ra t EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 94.000 73. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 36.000 34.000 40.000 75.000 36. Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Law and Public Policy Major Group as a Whole Crim inal and Just ic Fire Prot e ecti on g I I Law a Pub nd lic P ol Maj or G icy roup rtin PreLaw a Leg al S nd tudi es tion Pub 50 Pub lic Adm inist ra epo Cou PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE • Law and Public Policy 24 28 20 36 44 156 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Pub lic P rt R olic y lic P olic y .000 35.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN • Law and Public Policy 157 .WHERE LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) Law and Public Policy Major Group Court Reporting Criminal Justice and Fire Protection Pre-Law and Legal Studies Public Administration Public Policy 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) PROT (32) PROT (23) MGMT (11) MGMT (22) OFF (11) INST (13) COMM (9) OFF (9) SALES (8) BUS (7) PROT (36) OFF (10) COMM (10) MGMT (10) SALES (8) LGL (28) MGMT (27) MGMT (29) OFF (15) PROT (14) OFF (17) MGMT (10) SALES (13) COMP (10) SALES (9) OFF (11) SALES (9) BUS (6) FIN (7) BUS (8) * Full-time.

WHERE LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) Law and Public Policy Major Group Court Reporting Criminal Justice and Fire Protection Pre-Law and Legal Studies Public Administration Public Policy 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) PUB (43) PUB (28) HS (8) FIN (14) FIN (7) ADMN (13) PROF (7) OS (10) RETL (5) FS (8) PUB (46) HS (8) FIN (7) RETL (5) PROF (5) PROF (31) PUB (35) EDU (16) FIN (15) HS (11) INFO (13) PUB (11) FIN (8) PUB (13) HS (7) EDU (8) TRAN (9) RETL (5) PROF (7) FIN (8) * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd • Law and Public Policy 158 .

• Law and Public Policy 159 .

There is also great variation in median pay for the majors within this group.000. and 1 percent Other Races. N and Biological Technologies • ceanography O • hysical Science P • hysics P 1 Physical Sciences make up 2. 10 percent in Life Science. 2 160 • Physical Sciences .000) and Hispanics ($44. Due to rounding. which is $17.000 and the 75th percentile earning $87. Earnings in Physical Sciences as a whole vary widely. Of people who majored in Physical Sciences. and 10 percent in Health Practice occupations.000. Industrial Radiology. About 5 percent are unemployed.1 There is a slight gender imbalance in these majors (men 58 percent and women 42 percent). 86 percent work full-time. The major with the lowest median earnings is Nuclear. 11 percent Asian.000 in median wages earned by Whites. women with these majors make. 6 percent Hispanic. 14 percent work in Professional Services. with the 25th percentile earning $38. Industrial Radiology. while the highest are Physics and Oceanography. 18 percent work in Management. in the aggregate. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. on average. However. African-Americans ($47.Physical Sciences This group includes the following majors: • stronomy and Astrophysics A • tmospheric Sciences and A Meteorology • eology and Earth Science G • eosciences G • ulti-disciplinary or M General Science • uclear. 14 percent in Health Services.000 less than men. is 74 percent White. All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime.8 percent of all majors. and 9 percent in Manufacturing. get an average earnings boost of 70 percent. 11 percent in Sales. 10 percent in Education.000 — a difference of $49. as a result. and Biological Technologies. Of those with these majors who are in the labor force and employed. Median wages for those with only a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Physical sciences are $59.000) are significantly less than the $60. The racial makeup of these majors. 8 percent African-American. About 48 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree and.000). these may not add to 100 percent.000. $48. By industry.2 Earnings for Asians ($52.

. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Multi-Disciplinary or General Science 52.000 Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology 62. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 Science: Life/Physical 59.000 Physical Science 67.000 Nuclear.000 Chemistry 55. and Biological Technologies Astronomy and Astrophysics • Physical Sciences 161 Geosciences * Full-time. Industrial Radiology.000 Oceanography 70.000 Geology and Earth Science 58.MEDIAN EARNINGS OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES MAJOR GROUP* 53.000 Physics 69.000 Physical Sciences Major Group 70.

000 42.000 42.000 l l 80.000 80.000 37.270 4.000 43.000 38.000 l 80.000 52.408 236.000 49.000 87.680 13.000 l 67.Geo Ear logy a th S nd cien ce Geo s c ie nce s Mu or G lti-Disc ene iplin ral S ary cien Nuc ce Ra lear.232 91.000 92.633 3.918 460.000 68.000 67.454 1 10 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 53.000 44.954 1 9.855 94.5 1 25 10 1 49 2 7.000 38.000 l 55.771 100 <0. Sci Life ence– /Ph ysic al Phy s ic a Ma jor G l Scien rou ces p As t ron As t rop omy an hys ic s d Atm Sci osph Met ences aeric eoro nd logy Che mis try In d Bio iology dustri logi .000 40.000 62.000 105.000 69. ** Of people in the labor force. However.000 58.000 38.000 59.000 58.091 14.000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference 36.000 54.000 110. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 94. * Full-time.000 42. † Phy s ic s .000 47.000 39.000 70. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 86.000 l l PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 48 52 43 64 40 55 37 68 88 51 59 33 Phy s ic 52 48 57 36 60 45 63 32 12 49 41 67 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 86 70 1 93 27 73 11 41 l l l l WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 83 17 86 14 86 14 82 18 87 13 88 12 91 9 87 13 86 14 96 4 86 14 83 17 PERCENT EMPLOYED** • Physical Sciences Employed (%) 95 95 94 98 95 95 95 94 98 94 91 94 162 The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population. an al cal Tec d hno Oce logi ano es g rap hy al S c ienc e ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 936.000 70.000 l 100.000 50.000 42.

5 3 69 7 6 17 89 4 3 3 81 <0.000 l 75.000 63.000 66.000 l l * Full-time.000 l 48.000 50. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 l l 62.000 Phy s ic l l l l l 40.000 35.5 ∆ Due to rounding.000 16.000 48.5 1 1 <0. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. an al cal Tec d hno Oce logi ano es g rap hy al S c ienc e GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 49 51 42 58 27 73 20 80 44 56 27 73 36 64 51 49 51 49 33 67 31 69 18 82 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings 46. Sci Life ence– /Ph ysic al Phy sica Ma jor G l Scien rou ces p Ast ron Ast rop omy an hys d Atm ics Sci osph Met ences aeric eoro nd logy Che mis try Geo Ear logy a th S nd cien ce Geo scie nce s Mu or G lti-Disc ene iplin ral S ary cien Nuc ce R lear .Geo Ear logy a th S nd cien ce Geo s c ie nce s Mu or G lti-Disc ene iplin ral S ary cien Nuc ce lear Ra . Sci Life ence– /Ph ysic al Phy s ic a Ma jor G l Scien rou ces p As t Ast ronomy rop hys and Atm i c s Sci osph Met ences aeric eoro nd logy Che mis try In d Bio iology dustri logi . Phy 1 sics Phy s ic s .000 17. In ad Bio iology dustri logi a .000 75.000 14.000 Difference 14. these may not add to 100 percent.5 8 5 90 7 <0.5 1 1 2 <0.000 65.American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 75 7 6 11 74 8 6 11 84 <0.000 60.000 Male Median Earnings 60. cal and l Tec hno Oce logi ano es g rap sica l Sc ienc Phy hy e RACE AND ETHNICITY RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African.5 5 14 73 10 8 9 77 4 4 14 83 2 8 5 72 11 7 10 73 5 4 17 • Physical Sciences 163 1 1 2 <0.000 l l l 13.000 l l 50.

cal and l Tec hno Oce logi es an Geo Ear logy a th S nd cien ce Geo scie nce s Mu or G lti-Disc ene iplin ral S ary cien Nuc ce R lear Sci Life ence– /Ph ysic al Phy Ma sical S jor G cien rou ces p As t ron As t rop omy an hys ic s d Atm Sci osph Met ences aeric eoro nd logy Che mis try Geo Ear logy a th S nd cien ce Geo s c ie nce s Mu or G lti-Disc ene iplin ral S ary cien Nuc ce Ra lear. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 52 87.000 39. an al cal Tec d hno Oce logi ano es g Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Physical Sciences Major Group as a Whole rap hy 92.000 36 60 45 63 86.000 40.000 38. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 36.000 Sci Life ence– /Ph ysic al Phy Ma sical S jor G cien rou ces p Ast ron Ast rop omy an hys ics d Atm Sci osph Met ences aeric eoro nd logy Che mis try I I 37.000 110. 42.000 80. In ad Bio iology dustri logi a .000 41 Phy sica Phy s ic al S c Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Phy s ic ienc 105.164 • Physical Sciences 80.000 * Full-time.000 48 57 42.000 80.000 e s 67 .000 94.000 In d Bio iology dustri logi .000 38.000 100. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 42.000 50.000 32 12 49 ogr l Sc Phy sics aph y ienc e .

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN . Industrial Radiology.WHERE PHYSICAL SCIENCES MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Science– Life/Physical Physical Sciences Major Group Astronomy and Astrophysics Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology Chemistry Geology and Earth Science Geosciences MultiDisciplinary or General Science Nuclear. and Biological Technologies Oceanography Physical Science Physics MGMT (17) HLTH PROF (13) LS (11) SALES (11) OFF (8) MGMT (18) SALES (11) LS (10) HLTH PROF (10) OFF (8) EDU (43) COMP (12) MGMT (9) FOOD (8) OFF (8) LS (33) LS (22) COMP (10) MGMT (19) OFF (9) EDU (8) FIN (8) SALES (8) MGMT (7) HLTH PROF (8) LS (19) LS (41) MGMT (19) MGMT (17) SALES (11) SALES (13) COMP (5) COMP (8) PROD (5) FIN (7) MGMT (18) HLTH PROF (13) SALES (13) OFF (10) EDU (7) HLTH PROF (46) LS (26) MGMT (15) MGMT(23) SALES (8) TRAN (9) ENGR (5) EDU (6) BUS (4) PROT (6) MGMT (24) COMP (19) LS (10) MGMT (19) EDU (10) ENGR (14) OFF (8) SALES (9) BUS (7) EDU (8) • Physical Sciences 165 * Full-time.

Industrial Radiology. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE PHYSICAL SCIENCES MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Science– Life/Physical Physical Sciences Major Group Astronomy and Astrophysics Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology Chemistry Geology and Earth Science Geosciences MultiDisciplinary or General Science Nuclear. and Biological Technologies Oceanography Physical Science Physics • Physical Sciences HS (17) PROF (14) EDU (11) PUB (9) MAN-nd (8) PROF (14) HS (14) EDU (10) MAN-nd (9) MAN-d (8) EDU (45) MAN-d (11) FS (8) OS (8) WHLS-d (6) PUB (18) MAN-nd (22) PROF (15) PROF (14) INFO (14) EDU (11) MAN-d (10) HS (10) EDU (9) MAN-d (9) PROF (24) PROF (28) PUB (18) PUB (20) MNG (6) MNG (12) MAN-d (6) EDU (12) RETL (6) FIN (9) HS (20) PROF (10) EDU (10) RETL (8) MAN-d (7) HS (64) PUB (18) MAN-d (7) PROF (16) RETL (7) MAN-nd (10) UTIL (3) TRAN (9) WHLS-d (3) EDU (8) PUB (19) PROF (21) PROF (13) MAN-d (19) MAN-nd (11) EDU (14) EDU (10) FIN (7) INFO (9) RETL (6) * Full-time. 166 Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd .

167 • Physical Sciences .

Psychology and Social Work

This group includes the following majors: • Clinical Psychology • ommunications Disorders C Sciences and Services • Counseling Psychology • Educational Psychology • uman Services and H Community Organization • ndustrial and Organizational I Psychology • Miscellaneous Psychology • Psychology • Social Psychology • Social Work

Psychology and Social Work make up 5.4 percent of all majors. Median earnings for those with only a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Psychology and Social Work are $42,000.1 There is a significant gender imbalance in this major group (74 percent female, 26 percent male). However, women with these majors make, in the aggregate, $40,000, which is $12,000 less than men. The racial makeup of these majors, on average, is 74 percent White, 11 percent African-American, 8 percent Hispanic, 5 percent Asian and 1 percent Other Races.2 Whites ($44,000), African-Americans ($40,000) and Hispanics ($40,000) all make somewhat less than the median wages of $48,000 earned by Asians. There is great variation within the majors that make up this group. The major with the lowest median earnings is Counseling Psychology, while the highest is Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Earnings in Psychology and Social Work as a whole vary widely, with the 25th percentile earning $30,000 and the 75th percentile earning $62,000—a difference of $32,000. About 45 percent of people with these majors obtain a graduate degree, which gives them an average earnings boost of 43 percent. Of people who majored in Psychology and Social Work, 18 percent work in Community Services, 16 percent in Management, 15 percent in Office, 11 percent in Sales, and 8 percent in Education occupations.By industry, 26 percent work in Health Services, 12 percent in Education, and 12 percent in Public Administration. Of those with a major in Psychology and Social work who are in the labor force and employed, 79 percent work full-time. About 6 percent are unemployed.

1

• Psychology and Social Work
168

All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime, full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. Due to rounding, these may not add to 100 percent.

2

MEDIAN EARNINGS OF PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK MAJOR GROUP*
42,000 Psychology and Social Work Major Group 53,000 Industrial and Organizational Psychology 45,000 Miscellaneous Psychology 45,000 Psychology 40,000 Communication Disorders Sciences and Services 39,000 Social Work 38,000 Human Services and Community Organization 29,000 Counseling Psychology

Clinical Psychology

Educational Psychology

Social Psychology * Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. Sample size was too small to be statistically valid. • Psychology and Social Work
169

l

Psy Soc cholog Maj ial Wo y and or G rk roup Clin ical Psyc holo gy Com mun Dis i and orders cation Serv Scien ices ces Cou Psyc nselin holo g gy

Ed u Psyc cation holo al gy Hum and an Se Org Comm rvices aniz uni ty a Indu tion Org strial Psyc anizat and holo iona l gy Mis Psyc cellane holo ous gy

sych olog y
7,798 <0.5

ALL

POPULARITY OF MAJORS†
Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group
1,808,669 100 10,762 1 63,482 4 14,715 1 8,562 <0.5 64,606 4 17,149 1 30,059 1,318,539 2 73 272,997 15

MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR*
Median earnings
42,000
l

40,000

29,000

l

38,000

53,000

45,000

45,000

Soc ial P
l l l l

39,000

EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE*
Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference

30,000

l

31,000

21,000

l

27,000

37,000

30,000

31,000

30,000

62,000 32,000

l

59,000 28,000

42,000 21,000

l

53,000 26,000

78,000 41,000

64,000 34,000

65,000 34,000

52,000 22,000

l

l

PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE
Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%)
55 34 28 30 38 73 62 50 57 52 57

45

66

72

70

62

27

38

50

43

48

43

EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE
% Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree
43 49 67 37 28 69 45 32

l

l

l

WORK STATUS*
Full-time (%) Part-time (%) • Psychology and Social Work
79 21 79 21 68 32 81 19 88 12 88 12 79 21 84 16 79 21 93 7 80 20

PERCENT EMPLOYED**
Employed (%)
94 95 97 90 96 94 94 94 94 84 95

The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population. However, we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major. * Full-time, full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid. ** Of people in the labor force.

170

Soc ial W ork

Psyc holo gy

000 12.000 10.000 Soc ial P l l l 38.000 53.5 1 <0.000 13.000 48.000 l 42.Psy Soc cholog Maj ial Wo y and or G rk roup Clin ical Psyc holo gy Com Diso munic and rders ation Serv Scien ices ces Cou nsel Psyc holo ing gy Ed u Psyc cation holo al gy Hum and an Se Org Comm rvices aniz uni ty a Indu tion stria Org l Psyc anizat and holo iona l gy Mis Psyc cellane holo ous gy sych olog y 68 32 GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 74 26 76 24 94 6 74 26 78 22 81 19 63 37 71 29 71 29 88 12 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings 40.000 l l l 35.000 55.5 1 <0.000 Male Median Earnings Difference 52.5 2 1 <0.000 41. Psy Soc cholog Maj ial Wo y and or G rk roup Clin ical Psyc holo gy Com Diso munic and rders ation Serv Scien ices ces Cou nsel Psyc holo ing gy Edu Psyc cation holo al gy Hum and an Se Org Comm rvices aniz uni ty a Indu tion stria Org l Psyc anizat and holo iona l gy Mis Psyc cellane holo ous gy sych ial P 67 12 19 2 olog gy Psyc 77 9 8 5 y Soc 71 16 9 3 RACE AND ETHNICITY RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 76 11 8 5 70 14 14 2 85 5 5 4 72 20 3 5 80 12 4 4 65 21 11 1 69 13 14 3 71 12 10 7 Soc ial W holo ork Soc ial W ork Psyc holo gy 1 <0.000 5.000 l 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.5 1 ∆ Due to rounding.000 40. • Psychology and Social Work 171 . these may not add to 100 percent.000 l l l l l l l l * Full-time.5 <0.000 57. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 12.

000 78. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 31.000 27.000 30.000 65.000 21. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 * Full-time.000 42.172 • Psychology and Social Work 62.000 43 Soc ial W ork .000 64. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 45 59.000 31.000 53.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Psychology and Social Work Major Group as a Whole 50 Edu Psyc cation holo al gy Hum and an Se Org Comm rvices aniz uni ty a Indu tion Org strial Psyc anizat and holo iona l gy Mis Psyc cellane holo ous gy Psyc holo gy l Psy Soc ia Soc Ed u Psyc cation holo al gy Hum and an Se Org Comm rvices aniz uni ty a Indu tion Org strial Psyc anizat and holo iona l gy Mis Psyc cellane holo ous gy Psyc holo gy Soc ial P 43 48 cho ial W ork Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) logy sych olog y 52.000 30.000 37.000 66 72 70 Psy Soc cholog Maj ial Wo y and or G rk roup Clin ical Psyc holo gy Com mun Dis i and orders cation Serv Scien ices ces Cou Psyc nselin holo g gy Psy Soc cholog Maj ial Wo y and or G rk roup Clin ical Psyc holo gy Com mun Dis i and orders cation Serv Scien ices ces Cou Psyc nselin holo g gy 62 27 38 I I 30.

Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Psychology and Social Work Major Group Clinical Psychology Communication Disorders Sciences and Services Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology Human Services and Community Organization Industrial and Organizational Psychology Miscellaneous Psychology Psychology Social Psychology Social Work COMM (18) MGMT (16) OFF (15) SALES (11) EDU (8) SALES (23) MGMT (21) OFF (12) COMM (12) HLTH PROF (7) EDU (19) HLTH PROF (18) OFF (16) SALES (12) MGMT (9) COMM (29) OFF (15) BUS (15) EDU (11) MGMT (9) EDU (43) OFF (22) BUS (8) MGMT (7) SALES (7) COMM (27) OFF (15) MGMT (15) EDU (7) PROT (6) MGMT (25) OFF (20) BUS (13) FIN (10) SALES (10) MGMT (18) MGMT (17) EDU (11) OFF (15) OFF (11) COMM (13) COMM (10) SALES (12) SALES (9) EDU (8) MGMT (30) COMM (45) COMM (21) OFF (13) OFF (11) MGMT (11) FIN (9) SALES (6) COMP (7) EDU (5) • Psychology and Social Work 173 * Full-time.

full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.WHERE PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Psychology and Social Work Major Group Clinical Psychology Communication Disorders Sciences and Services Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology Human Services and Community Organization Industrial and Organizational Psychology Miscellaneous Psychology Psychology Social Psychology Social Work HS (26) EDU (12) PUB (12) FIN (9) PROF (7) HS (28) WHLS-nd (13) RETL (11) PUB (11) EDU (10) EDU (30) HS (22) PROF (10) RETL (7) FIN (6) HS (52) EDU (10) FIN (7) RETL (5) MAN-nd (4) EDU (46) RETL (19) HS (11) ADMN (8) PROF (5) HS (34) PUB (21) EDU (12) FIN (6) RETL (5) FIN (16) PUB (16) PROF (13) RE (9) MAN-d (7) HS (20) HS (22) EDU (12) EDU (12) PUB (12) FIN (10) FIN (10) PUB (10) MAN-d (8) PROF (8) HS (29) HS (45) EDU (19) PUB (17) PUB (15) EDU (9) PROF (11) OS (5) TRAN (5) RETL (4) • Psychology and Social Work * Full-time. Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd 174 .

175 • Psychology and Social Work .

1 The gender makeup in these majors is fairly balanced overall (53 percent men. while the highest is Economics. There is great variation among the majors that make up this group.000 median earnings for Whites. About 40 percent of the people with Social Science majors obtain a graduate degree and. 8 percent Asian. 1 All of the earnings data presented here is on fulltime.000 less than men. 13 percent in Office. Hispanics ($48. 86 percent work full-time. 22 percent work in Management.000). 9 percent in Health Services. is 75 percent White. The major with the lowest median earnings is Sociology. Women with these majors make. 16 percent in Sales. and 6 percent in Business occupations. 9 percent African-American. in the aggregate. The median wages for those with a Bachelor’s degree who majored in Social Science are $55. 13 percent in Public Administration.Social Science This group includes the following majors: • Criminology • Economics • General Social Sciences • Geography • nterdisciplinary Social I Sciences • International Relations • iscellaneous Social M Sciences • olitical Science and P Government • Sociology • tatistics and Decision S Science Social Science accounts for 6. and Other Races ($45. and 8 percent in Retail Trade. 2 • Social Science 176 . About 6 percent are unemployed. African-Americans ($44. with the 25th percentile earning $38.000 and the 75th percentile earning $87. 7percent Hispanic.000).9 percent of all majors. 47 percent women).000). By industry. 7 percent in Finance. on average.000—a difference of $49.2 Earnings for Asians ($50.000) are significantly less than the $60. these may not add to 100 percent.000. about $46.000. 16 percent work in Financial Activities.000. Of Social Science majors who are in the labor force and employed. Of people who majored in Social Science. and 1 percent Other Races. which is $18. Earnings in Social Science as a whole vary widely. get an average earnings boost of 57 percent. full-year workers with a Bachelor’s degree only. The racial makeup. as a result. 11 percent in Professional Services. Due to rounding.

000 Political Science and Government 54.000 General Social Sciences 48.000 Economics 67.000 Criminology 48.000 Social Science Major Group 70.000 Sociology * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 Miscellaneous Social Sciences 50.000 Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 45.000 International Relations 49. • Social Science 177 .MEDIAN EARNINGS OF SOCIAL SCIENCE MAJOR GROUP* 55.000 Geography 51.000 Statistics and Decision Science 59.

000 EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* Earnings at the 25th percentile Earnings at the 75th percentile Difference Geo grap hy 38.000 108.259 4 50.000 48.000 50.000 71.000 37.592 1 674.000 74. However.000 34.000 87.000 51.341.000 69.000 36.000 38. we also include the number of degree holders to provide the reader with an ‘order of magnitude’ sense of the number of people with this major.000 33.689 100 62.000 37.000 70. † 178 St a Dec tistics a ision nd Scie nce 52 Eco nom ics .000 32.000 66.000 45.536 3 656.000 34.000 48.000 40.000 35.000 67.000 52. ** Of people in the labor force.000 42.Inte Soc rdiscip ial S lina cien ry ces Inte Rela rnation tion al s Mis Soc cellane ial S ous cien ces Poli and tical Sc Gov ienc ernm e ent Soc iolo gy 66.000 92.626 16.030 28 108.000 49.000 68.000 90.000 39.652 1 MEDIAN EARNINGS BY MAJOR* Median earnings 55.523 29 25 2 50.176 5 104.000 54.123 586.000 68.000 49.000 51.000 42.172 3 16.000 75.000 33.000 PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE Did not obtain graduate degree (%) Obtain graduate degree (%) 60 78 60 64 70 48 40 22 40 36 30 EARNINGS BOOST FROM OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE % Earnings Boost from Graduate Degree 57 67 50 47 42 24 WORK STATUS* Full-time (%) Part-time (%) 86 14 87 13 90 10 80 20 89 11 81 19 PERCENT EMPLOYED** Employed (%) 94 97 94 94 94 92 • Social Science The ACS data are best used to discuss distributional characteristics of the underlying population.000 35. * Full-time.000 68 53 54 53 66 32 47 46 47 34 38 51 134 62 34 80 20 85 15 78 22 86 14 82 18 91 93 97 93 95 Soc Maj ial Scie or G nce roup Crim inol ogy Gen Scie eral So nces cial ALL POPULARITY OF MAJORS† Total Bachelor’s % of Major Group 2.000 34.000 59.000 85. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

5 1 1 Gen Scie eral So nces cial Soc Maj ial Scie or G nce roup RACE AND ETHNICITY Crim RACIAL AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF MAJORS∆ % White % African-American % Hispanic % Asian % Other Races and Ethnicities 75 9 7 8 73 9 12 4 73 6 6 15 71 13 9 6 89 3 3 4 61 8 1 30 1 2 <0.000 42.000 42.000 63.000 54. • Social Science 179 Sta Dec tistics a ision nd Scie nce ogy ics Eco nom grap inol hy St a Dec tistics a ision nd Scie nce Eco nom ics . these may not add to 100 percent.5 1 <0.000 42. l Sample size was too small to be statistically valid.000 54.000 52.000 l Soc Maj ial Scie or G nce roup Crim inol ogy Gen Scie eral So nces cial GENDER GENDER COMPOSITION OF MAJORS Percent Female Percent Male 47 53 42 58 34 66 56 44 30 70 51 49 EARNINGS BY GENDER* Female Median Earnings 46.000 l Geo grap hy 54.000 12.Inte Soc rdiscip ial S lina cien ry ces Inte Rela rnation tion al s Mis Soc cellane ial S ous cien ces Pol and itical Sc Gov ienc ernm e ent Soc iolo gy 70 30 60 40 54 46 41 59 68 32 42. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 17.000 l * Full-time.000 74.000 12.000 10.000 63. Inte Soc rdiscip ial S lina cien ry ces Inte Rela rnation tion al s Mis Soc cellane ial S ous cien ces Pol and itical Sc Gov ienc ernm e ent Soc iolo gy 81 9 7 3 73 4 13 10 77 16 3 4 79 8 7 5 72 14 7 5 1 <0.000 41.000 16.5 Geo <0.000 60.000 68.000 49.000 18.5 ∆ Due to rounding.5 <0.000 22.000 14.000 l 73.000 44.000 57.000 26.000 Male Median Earnings Difference 64.

000 33.180 • Social Science 87.000 38.000 71. PERCENT OBTAINING A GRADUATE DEGREE EARNINGS AT THE 25TH AND 75TH PERCENTILE* 40 68.000 34.000 47 68.000 Soc Maj ial Scie or G nce roup Crim inol o gy 42.000 40. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.000 * Full-time.000 47 Inte Soc rdiscip ial S lina cien ry ces Inte Rela rnation tion al s I I 74.000 33.000 30 32 85.000 38.000 50.000 34 Mis Soc cellane ial S ous cien ces Poli and tical Sc Gov ienc ernm e ent Soc iolo gy Sta Dec tistics a ision nd Scie nce Inte Soc rdiscip ial S lina cien ry ces Inte Rela rnation tion al s Mis Soc cellane ial S ous cien ces Poli and tical Sc Gov ienc ernm e ent Soc iolo gy 92.000 34.000 36 Gen Scie eral So nces cial Geo grap hy 75.000 32.000 Soc Maj ial Scie or G nce roup Crim inol ogy Eco nom ics Gen Scie eral So nces cial Geo grap hy 22 40 Eco n omi cs 69.000 52 Obtain graduate degree (%) Did not obtain graduate degree (%) St a Dec tistics a ision nd Scie nce .000 39.000 108.000 Earnings at the 25th Percentile Earnings at the 75th Percentile Median Earnings for Social Science Major Group as a Whole 46 90.

WHERE SOCIAL SCIENCE MAJORS END UP BY OCCUPATION* 1st Occupation (%) 2nd Occupation (%) 3rd Occupation (%) 4th Occupation (%) 5th Occupation (%) Social Science Major Group Criminology Economics General Social Sciences Geography Interdisciplinary Social Sciences International Relations Miscellaneous Social Sciences Political Science and Government Sociology Statistics and Decision Science MGMT (22) PROT (31) MGMT (26) MGMT (16) MGMT (19) OFF (17) MGMT (21) MGMT (30) MGMT (24) MGMT (17) MGMT (29) SALES (16) OFF (13) SALES (20) OFF (16) OFF (13) MGMT (15) OFF (19) OFF (15) SALES (18) OFF (16) COMP (29) OFF (13) SALES (9) FIN (14) SALES (14) COMP (10) EDU (12) SALES (12) COMP (8) OFF (13) COMM (14) FIN (13) FIN (7) MGMT (9) OFF (10) COMM (10) SALES (9) SALES (11) BUS (10) SALES (7) BUS (7) SALES (12) OFF (10) BUS (6) COMM (7) COMP (6) EDU (10) ARCH (6) COMM (10) FIN (6) PROT (6) PROT (5) EDU (7) ENGR (6) * Full-time. Occupation Abbreviations: Architecture = ARCH Arts = ARTS Blue Collar = BC Building = BLDG Business = BUS Community Service = COMM Computer Services = COMP Construction = CON Education = EDU Engineering = ENGR Finance = FIN Food Service = FOOD Health Professionals = HLTH PROF Health Support = HLTH SUP Installation = INST Legal = LGL Life Science = LS Management = MGMT Office = OFF Personal Service = PERS Production = PROD Protective Services = PROT Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN • Social Science 181 . full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

Industry Abbreviations: Administrative Services = ADMN Agriculture = AG Arts = ARTS Construction = CON Education Services = EDU Financial Services = FIN Food Service = FS Health Services = HS Information = INFO Management Services = MGMT Manufacturing (durable) = MAN-d Manufacturing (non-durable) = MAN-nd Mining = MNG Other Service = OS Professional Services = PROF Public Administration = PUB Real Estate = RE Retail Trade = RETL Sales = SALES Social Science = SS Transportation = TRAN Utilities = UTIL Wholesale Trade (durable) = WHLS-d Wholesale Trade (non-durable) = WHLS-nd • Social Science 182 .WHERE SOCIAL SCIENCE MAJORS END UP BY INDUSTRY* 1st Industry (%) 2nd Industry (%) 3rd Industry (%) 4th Industry (%) 5th Industry (%) Social Science Major Group Criminology Economics General Social Sciences Geography Interdisciplinary Social Sciences International Relations Miscellaneous Social Sciences Political Science and Government Sociology Statistics and Decision Science FIN (16) PUB (38) FIN (27) EDU (17) PROF (20) HS (24) FIN (17) PUB (20) PUB (14) HS (19) PROF (28) PUB (13) RETL (11) PROF (11) PUB (15) PUB (16) PUB (15) PROF (17) EDU (12) FIN (13) PUB (16) FIN (26) PROF (11) HS (9) RETL (7) HS (12) FIN (9) EDU (14) EDU (10) OS (11) PROF (13) EDU (11) PUB (15) HS (9) FIN (6) MAN-d (6) FIN (9) RETL (7) PROF (11) PUB (8) HS (10) RETL (9) FIN (9) HS (5) RETL (8) PROF (5) PUB (6) RETL (7) TRAN (6) FIN (10) HS (7) PROF (8) EDU (8) PROF (8) RETL (4) * Full-time. full-year workers with a terminal Bachelor’s.

183 • Social Science .

georgetown.edu What’s it Worth?: The Economic Value of College Majors is comprised of Selected Findings and a main report.edu/whatsitworth .3300 Whitehaven Street. Suite 5000 Washington. DC 20057 cew. The main report is available from the Center on Education and the Workforce and at cew. Washington.georgetown. DC 20007 Mail: Campus Box 571444. NW.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful