ESTIMATOR'S PIPING

MAN-HOUR MANUAL

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Man-Hour Manuals and Other Books
by John S. Page
Conceptual Cost Estimating Manual
Cost Estimating Man-Hour Manual
for Pipelines and Marine Structures
Estimator's Electrical Man-Hour Manual/3rd Edition
Estimator's Equipment Installation
Man-Hour Manual/3rd Edition
Estimator's General Construction
Man-Hour Manual/2nd Edition
Estimator's Man-Hour Manual on Heating,
Air Conditioning, Ventilating, and Plumbing/2nd Edition
Estimator's Piping Man-Hour Manual/5th Edition

John S. Page has wide experience in cost and labor estimat­
ing, having worked for some of the largest construction firms in
the world. He has made and assembled numerous types of esti­
mates including lump-sum, hard-priced, and scope, and has
conducted many time and method studies in the field and in
fabricating shops. Mr. Page has a B.S. in civil engineering from
the University of Arkansas and received the Award of Merit
from the American Association of Cost Engineers in recogni­
tion of outstanding service and cost engineering.

ESTIMATOR'S

MAN-HOUR MANUAL

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JOHN S. PAGE

G. _? Gulf Professional Publishing
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an imprint of Butterworth-Heinemann

Estimator's Piping Man-Hour Manual
Fifth Edition

Copyright © 1958, 1967, 1976, 1987, 1999 by ButterworthHeinemann. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of
America. This book, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced
in any form without permission of the publisher.
Originally published by Gulf Publishing Company,
Houston, TX.
10 9 8 7 6 5 4

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Page, John S.
Estimator's piping man-hour manual / John S. Page. — 5th ed.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-88415-259-6 (alk. paper)
1. Pipe-fitting—Estimates—United States. 2. Labor time. I. Title.
TH6721.P3 1999
696'.2'0299—dc21
99-18583
CIP
Printed in the United States of America.
Printed on acid-free paper (<»).
For information, please contact:
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Butterworth-Heinemann
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Tel: 781-904-2500
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available, contact our World Wide Web home page at:
http: //www. bh. com

45° Nozzle Welds—Reinforced Concentric Swedged Ends Eccentric Swedged Ends End Closures—Pressure Type Heavy Wall End Closure—Pressure Type Large O. . 1 2 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 28 29 30 31 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 . 140 and 160 Pipe Bends—Heavy Wall—45° or Less Pipe Bends—Heavy Wall—Over 45° to 90° Inclusive Pipe Bends—Large O.D.D. Sizes Attaching Flanges—Screwed Type Attaching Flanges—Screwed Type Attaching Flanges—Screwed Type Attaching Flanges—Slip-On Type Attaching Flanges—Slip-On Type Attaching Flanges—Weld Neck Type Attaching Orifice Flanges—Slip-On and Threaded Types Attaching Orifice Flanges—Weld Neck Type General Welding Notes Butt Welds—Inert Gas Shielded Root Pass Machine Butt Welds Manual Butt Welds—Scheduled Manual Heavy Wall Butt Welds Manual Large O. 90° Nozzle Welds—Reinforced 45° Welded Nozzles 45° Welded Nozzles—Reinforced Large O.D. Pipe for Fabrication . Notes On Pipe Bends Standard Types of Bends Pipe Bends—Schedule 20 to 100 Inclusive Pipe Bends—Schedule 120. Butt Welds 90° Welded Nozzles 90° Welded Nozzles—Reinforced Large O. . xii Section One—SHOP FABRICATION OF PIPE AND FITTINGS Section Introduction Shop Handling Scheduled Pipe for Fabrication Shop Handling Heavy Wall Pipe for Fabrication Shop Handling Large O. xi The Human Factor in Estimating. xi Introduction.D. Pipe End Closures—Pressure Type 90° Coupling Welds and Socket Welds 'Diet Type Welds .D.D.D. 90° Nozzle Welds Large O. 45° Nozzle Welds Large O. .CONTENTS Preface.D. .

D. 90° Nozzle Welds Local Stress Relieving—Scheduled Local Stress Relieving—Heavy Wall Local Stress Relieving—Large O.D.D.D. .D. Pipe Butt Welds Preheating 90° Nozzle Welds Preheating Large O.Flame Cutting Pipe—Scheduled Flame Cutting Pipe—Heavy Wall Flame Cutting Pipe—Large O. Sizes Flame Beveling Pipe—"V" Type Machine Beveling Pipe—"U" Type. Sizes Full Furnace Stress Relieving and Heating Treatment Radiographic Inspection—Scheduled Radiographic Inspection—Heavy Wall Radiographic Inspection—Large O. 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 50 51 Section Two—FIELD FABRICATION AND ERECTION Section Introduction Handling and Erecting Straight Run Pipe—Scheduled Handling and Erecting Straight Run Pipe—Heavy Wall Handling and Erecting Straight Run Pipe—Large O.D. Pipe Threading Pipe—Including Cut Welded Carbon Steel Attachments Drilling Holes in Welded Attachments Machining Inside of Pipe Machining Inside of Large O.D. "V" Type and Double Angle Beveling Heavy Wall Pipe Beveling Large O.D. Sizes Machine Cutting Pipe—Scheduled Machine Cutting Pipe—Heavy Wall Machine Cutting Pipe—Large O. Sizes Magnetic or Dye Penetrant Inspection of Welded Joints Magnetic or Dye Penetrant Inspection of Welded Joints Testing Fabricated Assemblies—Flanged Ends Testing Fabricated Assemblies—Plain or Beveled Ends Testing Fabricated Assemblies—Heavy Wall Access Holes Miscellaneous Fabrication Operations Man Hours Per Foot of Cylindrical Coil Fabrication Bending Only 39 40 41 42 43 . Sizes Making on Screwed Fittings and Valves Field Handling Valves Field Erection Bolt-Ups Attaching Flanges—Screwed Type Attaching Flanges—Screwed Type 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 .D.D. Pipe Boring Inside Diameter of Pipe and Installing Straightening Vanes Installing Flow Nozzles Preheating Butt Welds and Any Type Flange Welds Preheating Heavy Wall Pipe Butt Welds Preheating Large O. Size Handling and Erecting Fabricated Spool Pieces—Scheduled Handling and Erecting Fabricated Spool Pieces—Heavy Wall Handling and Erecting Fabricated Spool Pieces—Large O.

45° Nozzle Welds—Reinforced Concentric Swedged Ends Eccentric Swedged Ends End Closures—Pressure Type Heavy Wall End Closures—Pressure Type Large O. 90° Nozzle Welds Large O.D. . Sizes Access Holes Instrument and Control Piping Soldered Non-Ferrous Fittings vii . Pipe Butt Welds Preheating 90° Nozzle Welds Preheating Large O.D.D. Sizes 90° Welded Nozzles 90° Welded Nozzles—Reinforced Large O.D.D.D.Attaching Flanges—Screwed Type Attaching Flanges—Slip-On Type Attaching Flanges—Weld Neck Type Attaching Orifice Flanges—Slip-On and Threaded Types Attaching Orifice Flanges—Weld Neck Type General Welding Notes Manual Butt Welds—Schedule Manual Butt Welds—Heavy Wall Manual Butt Welds—Large O. 90° Nozzle Welds—Reinforced 45° Welded Nozzles 45° Welded Nozzles—Reinforced Large O.D. Pipe Boring Inside Diameter of Pipe and Installing Straightening Vanes Installing Flow Nozzles—Holding Ring Type Preheating Butt Welds and Any Type Flange Welds Preheating Heavy Wall Pipe Butt Welds Preheating Large O.D. Pipe End Closures—Pressure Type 90° Coupling Welds and Socket Welds 'Olet Type Welds Flame Cutting Pipe—Scheduled Flame Cutting Pipe—Heavy Wall Flame Cutting Pipe—Large O. 90° Nozzle Welds Local Stress Relieving—Scheduled Local Stress Relieving—Heavy Wall Local Stress Relieving—Large O. 45° Nozzle Welds Large O.D.D.D. Sizes Hydrostatic Testing—Scheduled Hydrostatic Testing—Heavy Wall Hydrostatic Testing—Large O.22 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 136 . Sizes Radiographic Inspection—Scheduled Radiographic Inspection—Heavy Wall Radiographic Inspection—Large O.D.D. 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 98 99 100 101 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 1ll 112 118 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 1. Sizes Threading Pipe—Including Cut Welded Carbon Steel Attachments Drilling Holes in Welded Attachments Machining Inside of Pipe Machining Inside of Large O. Sizes Flame Beveling Pipe—"V" Type Flame Beveling Pipe—Large O.D.

Liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Reflex Type Liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Reflex Type Liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Reflex Type . Handle Valves through 42-in Field Erection Bolt-Ups All Welded Fabrication Flame Cutting or Beveling Machine Cutting and Beveling Pipe Threading Pipe Welded Attachments and Drilling Holes in Welded Attachments Local Stress Relieving Radiographic Inspection Magnetic or Dye Penetrant Inspection Hydrostatic Testing Access Holes 145 146 147 . 179 .PVC-Plastic Pipe Saran Lined Steel Pipe and Fittings Schedule 30 or 40 Rubber-Lined Steel Pipe and Fittings Schedule 40 Lead Lined Steel Pipe and Fittings Flanged Cast Iron Cement Lined Pipe and Fittings Schedule 40 Cement Lined Carbon Steel Pipe with Standard Fittings Double Tough Pyrex Pipe and Fittings Overhead Transite Pressure Pipe—Class 150 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 Section Three—ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION Section Introduction Shop Handling Pipe for Fabrication Handle and Erect Fabricated Spool Pieces Handle and Erect Straight Run Pipe Pipe Bends Attaching Flanges Make-Ons through 12-in. Pressure Gauges Pneumatic Liquid Level Instruments—Local Mounted Pneumatic Liquid Level Instruments—Local Mounted Pneumatic Pressure Instruments—Local Mounted Pneumatic Temperature Instruments—Local Mounted Thermometers and Thermowells Thermometers and Thermowells 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 . 148 149 150 151 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 Section Four—PNEUMATIC MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION Section Introduction Liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Transparent Type Liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Transparent Type Liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Transparent Type Liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Transparent Type liquid Level Gauge Glasses—Reflex Type .

85 Pneumatic Liquid Level Transmitters 186 Control Panel Installation 187 Connecting Pneumatic Panel Board Instruments 188 Connecting Pneumatic Panel Board Instruments 189 Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING Section Introduction Machine Excavation Hand Excavation Rock Excavation Shoring and Bracing Trenches Disposal of Excavated Material Backfilling and Tamping Underground 150 Lbs. 181 Relief Valves—Flanged 182 Relief Valves—Flanged 183 Pneumatic Flow Transmitters 184 Flow Indicating Transmitters. .99 Section Seven—PAINTING Section Introduction Surface Area of Pipe for Painting Sand Blast and Paint Pipe 200 201 202 Section Eight—PATENT SCAFFOLDING Section Introduction Erect and Dismantle 203 204 Section Nine—INSULATION Section Introduction Indoor Thermal Type Insulation—Hot Pipe 205 206 20? . . . .Thermowells and Thermocouples 180 Relief Valves—Screwed . B. . . . Cast Iron Pipe Underground Vitrified Clay and Concrete Pipe Socket Clamps for Cast Iron Pipe Pipe Coated with Tar and Field Wrapped by Machine 190 191 192 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 Section Six—HANGERS AND SUPPORTS Section Introduction Hangers and Supports 198 1. . Flow Recorders and Flow Controllers . 1. & S. .

208 . 248 . 209 210 . 211 211 212 213 214 215 215 215 215 215 216 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION Section Introduction Circumference of Pipe for Computing Welding Material Circumference of Pipe for Computing Welding Material—Heavy Wall Circumference of Pipe for Computing Welding Material—Large O. .Section Ten—SAMPLE ESTIMATE Section Introduction Sample Job Estimate Form Shop Fabrication—Carbon Steel Shop Fabrication—Alloy Field Erect—Shop Fabricated Piping Field Fabricate and Erect—Screwed Field Fabricate and Erect—Welded Erect Valves—Screwed and Flanged Hangers arid Supports Sandblast and Paint Pipe Insulation Hand Excavate Underground Piping Estimate Summary . Sizes Weights of Piping Materials—General Notes Weights of Piping Materials—1" Weights of Piping Materials—VA" Weights of Piping Materials—IW Weights of Piping Materials—2" Weights of Piping Materials—2W Weights of Piping Materials—3" Weights of Piping Materials—3^" Weights of Piping Materials—4" Weights of Piping Materials—5" Weights of Piping Materials—6" Weights of Piping Materials—8" Weights of Piping Materials—10" Weights of Piping Materials—12" Weights of Piping Materials—14" Weights of Piping Materials—16" Weights of Piping Materials—18" Weights of Piping Materials—20" Weights of Piping Materials—24" Hanger Load Calculations—General Notes Hanger Diagram Table of Weights Hanger Load Calculations Minutes to Decimal Hours—Conversion Table 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 230 . 240 241 241 241 .D.

or other heavy industrial project one often con­ fronts 12-18 major accounts. construction equipment. I have reviewed several construction estimating software packages and have yet to find one that I would completely rely on. and each account has 5-100 or more sub-accounts. The answer is the human factor: In preparing a complete estimate for a refinery. a science. I established an average productivity rate of 70%. If a material take-off is avail­ able. such as general economy. realistic estimating is still largely a function of human insight and expertise. to name a few.000.PREFACE Updated with the addition of 26 new tables on pneumatic mechanical instrumentation. These items must be considered for each individual job. John Page Houston. labor relations. Each project has unique aspects that still require the seasoned consideration of an experienced professional. I wish to call your attention to the introduction on the following pages entitled "Pro­ duction and Composite Rate. These costs can be readily obtained by a good estimator who can visualize and consider job schedule.000 to $5. ranging in cost from $1. this cost can be obtained from vendors who will furnish the materials. The man hours or percentages compiled throughout this manual are based on this percentage. Computers are wonderful tools. and weather. petrochemical. projects supervision. Construction estimating is an art. you might wonder what a collection of man-hour tables offers that a computer program does not. equipment usage. size. job conditions. both in the shop and field on many piping jobs located throughout the country. This manual is intended for those individuals. warehousing and storing. You will not find any costs for materials. and I recommend that it be done by those who understand and appreciate all three of these facets.000. including several for labor and cost estimating. While it would seem that such numerous variables provide the perfect opportunity for computerized algorithmic solution. I believe that the book will decrease the chance of errors and help the partially experienced estimator to deter­ mine more accurately the actual direct labor cost for the complete fabrication and installation of process piping for a given industrial or chemical plant.000. or overhead. the per­ centages) were determined by gathering hundreds of time and method studies coupled with actual cost of various operations. accu­ rate. cost-effective. They can solve problems as no human can. and a craft." which is the key to this method of estimating. Texas . depend­ ing on the project and its engineering design. shop set­ up. but I do not believe construction estimating is their forte. fabricating. By careful­ ly analyzing these many reports. and location. This book is strictly for estimating direct labor in man hours only. The Human Factor in Estimating In this high-tech world of sophisticated software packages. this fifth edition is written for the majority of estimators who have not had the advan­ tages of years of experience and/or of being associated with a firm that spends thou­ sands of dollars for time studies and research analyses. The following direct man hours (or in the case of alloy and nonferrous materials.

6. I have found after comparing many projects that production percentages can be classified into five categories and the production elements can be grouped into six different classifications. you may still wonder with such a wide percentage range how to determine a definite percentage. Productivity efficiency in conjunction with the production elements must be con­ sidered for each individual project. 4. Type Very Low Low Average Very Good Excellent Percentage Range 10-40 41-60 61-80 81-90 91-100 Although you may agree with the ranges described here. 4. 5. 3. The most important area to be considered before calculating labor dollars is productivity efficiency.INTRODUCTION Production and Composite Bate This is the golden key that unlocks the gate to the wealth of process pipe estimating informa­ tion that follows. 5. This is a must if the many man-hour tables that follow are to be cor­ rectly applied. 3. Things that should be evaluated under this category are: xii . GENERAL ECONOMY This is simply the state of the nation or area in which your project is to be developed. 2. General economy Project supervision Labor relations Job conditions Equipment Weather The five ranges of productivity efficiency percentages are: 1. 2. 1. To illustrate how simply this is done we will evaluate each of the six elements and give an example with each. The six different classes of production elements are: 1.

we find that our supervision will be normal for this type of work and we arrive at an estimated productiv­ ity rate of 70%. Business trends and outlooks b. This usually results in a dissatis­ fied client. The contractor who tries to cut overhead by using cheap supervision usually winds up doing a very poor job. and a loss of future work. the chances are that you will have a poor lot to draw from. LABOR RELATIONS Have you a good labor relations man in your organization? Are the craftsmen in the area experienced and satisfied? Are there adequate first-class craftsmen in the area? Like project supervision things that should be analyzed under this element are: a. Pay xiii . you will have a fair chance of obtaining good supervision. 3. Example: To show how to arrive at a final productivity efficiency percentage. but by no means excellent. we estimate our productivity percentage at 75%. This may sound good. Since it is of a high average. If business is normal. This is because when business is good. thus creating good job conditions. PROJECT SUPERVISION What is the caliber of your supervision? What experience have they had? What can you afford to pay them? What have you to draw from? Areas to be looked at under this element are: a. If business is excellent. Experience b. Supply c. but actually it means your productivity range will be very low. the type of supervision and craftsmen that you will have to draw from will be very poor. Supply c. 2. Example: After careful analysis of the three items listed under this element. However. Under normal conditions there are enough good supervisors and craftsmen to go around and everyone is satisfied. a loss of profit. This will tend to create bad labor relations between your company and supervision and thus produce unfavorable job conditions. It must be left to management. the productivity efficiency will tend to rise. Experience b. the estimator has no control over this. The employment situation Let us say that you find these items to be very good or excellent.a. Pay Like general economy this too must be carefully analyzed. Construction volume c. let us say we find this element to be of a high average in the area of the project. All the estimator can do is estimate his projects accordingly. On the other hand if you find the general economy to be of a fairly good average.

Since this is the case we estimate a productivity percentage of 70%. Usability b. dependent on the project. we arrive at an effi­ ciency rating of 65% for this element. c. after evaluation we estimate a productivity rating of only 60%. 4. that we have an ample supply to draw from. Example: Let us assume that our company equipment is in very good shape. Condition c. Scope of work Site conditions Material procurement Manual and mechanized operations By careful study and analysis of the plans and specifications coupled with a site visitation you should be able to correctly estimate a productivity efficiency percentage for this item. EQUIPMENT Do you have ample equipment to do your job? What kind of shape is it in? Will you have good maintenance and repair help? The main items to study under this element are. . Example: Let us say that the project we are estimating is a completely new plant and that we have ample time to complete the project but the site location is low and muddy. however. d. 5. Since this is the case. Can and will your organization pay the prevailing wage rates? Example: Let us say that for a project in a given area we have found our labor relations to be fair but feel that they could be a little better. we feel that the most important of these items that should be analyzed under this element are as follows: a. JOB CONDITIONS What is the scope of the work and just what is involved in the job? Is the schedule tight or do you have ample time to complete the project? What is the condition of the site? Is it high and dry and easy to drain or is it low and muddy and hard to drain? Will you be working around a plant already in production? Will there be tie-ins making it necessary to shut down various systems of the plant? What will be the relationship between production personnel and con­ struction personnel? Will most of your operations be manual or mechanized? What kind of material procurement will you have? There are many items that could be considered here.The area where your project is to be constructed should be checked to see if the proper experienced craftsmen are available locally or if you will have to rely on travelers to fill your needs. b. Every estimator should know what type and kind of equipment his company has as well as what kind of mechanical shape it is in. a. There­ fore. and that we have average mechanics. Maintenance and repair This should be the simplest of all elements to analyze.

Past weather reports b. However. 5. 4. we must consider the composite rate to correctly arrive at a total direct labor cost. We have now considered and analyzed all six elements and in the examples for each individ­ ual element have arrived at a productivity efficiency percentage. you can make a good labor value estimate for any place in the world at any time. 6. 3. WEATHER Check the past weather conditions for the area in which your project is to be located. by giving due consideration to the items as outlined under this element your guess will at least be based on past occurrences. 2. During the months that you will be constructing what are the weather predictions based on these past reports? Will there be much rain or snow? Will it be hot and mucky or cold arid damp? The main items to check and analyze here are as follows: a. 390 ^ 6 = 65% average productivity efficiency At this point we must caution the estimator. Rain or snow c. At best. Example: Let us assume that the weather is about half good and half bad during the period that our project is to be constructed. we must now divide the total percentage by the num­ ber of elements to arrive at an average percentage of productivity. Hot or cold This is one of the worst of all elements to be considered. This example is only a guide to show a method of arriving at a productivity percentage. . Let us now group these percentages together and arrive at a total percentage: Item 1. Productivity Percentage 75 70 65 60 70 ___5Q_ 390 Since there are six elements involved. General economy Project supervision Labor relations Job conditions Equipment Weather Total . using the man-hours in the following tables. Next. By considering the preceding elements for each individual project along with the proper man-hour tables that follow. all you have is a guess.6. We must then assume a productivity range of 50% for this element.

00 = 144.44 as figured becomes equal to 70%. The estimator must also again consider labor conditions in the area where the pro­ ject is to be located.00 8 hours @ $18. Rate of pipefitter craft in a given area: General foreman Foreman Journeyman Fifth-year apprentice . for 80 hours $2.00 per hour $18.00 per hour NOTE: General foreman and foreman are dead weight because they do not work with their tools.80 = $25. in dollar value.00 8 hours @ $23.44 composite man-hour rate for 100% time.035.50 $2. a composite rate should be used when converting the man-hours to direct labor dollars. The foregoing explanation should enable the ordinary piping estimator to turn out a better labor estimate and will eliminate much guesswork.50 per hour $23. Example: This will illustrate how to obtain a composite rate: We assume that a certain pipe project will need four 10-man crews and that only one general foreman will be needed to head the four crews. . $23. Therefore. however.75 = $ 47.035. your composite rate should have an adjustment of 5% as follows: $25.Most organizations consider the cost of field personnel with a rating of superinten­ dent or greater to be a part of job overhead and that of general foreman or lower as direct job labor cost.50 -T. for pipe fabrication and installation.75 per hour $23. The direct man hours on the following pages have been deter­ mined on this basis. they must be considered and charged to the composite crew. Let us assume that you have evaluated your job and find it to be of a low average with a productivity rating of only 65%. Therefore.44 x 105% = $26.656.71 composite rate of 65% productivity Simply by multiplying the number of man hours estimated by the calculated compos­ ite rate. This means a loss of 5% of time paid per man hours. Note that the man hours are based on an average productivity of 70%. Therefore.00 = 1. He must determine how many men he will be allowed to use in a crew plus how many crews he will need. you can arrive at a total estimated direct labor cost. the composite rate of $25.50 8 hours @ $23.50 188. Crew for composite rate: One general foreman One foreman Nine journeymen Fifth-year apprentice 2 hours @ $23.00 Total.

apply the percentages which appear under Section Three to the following pages listing the various shop fabrication operations. For alloy and non-ferrous fabrication. No consideration has been given to overhead or profit in any way. All labor for unloading from railroad cars on trucks. fabricating and re­ turning to storage area or loading for delivery to erection site have been given due considera­ tion in the man hours listed. The man hours listed for the various operations are for labor only. .Section One SHOP FABRICATION OF PIPE AND FITTINOS It is the Intent and express purpose of this sec­ tion to cover as nearly as possible all operations which may be encountered in a shop engaged in the pref abrication of process piping for any type of industrial or chemical plant. hauling to fabrication area. and have no bearing on ma­ terials which must be added in all cases for a complete labor and material estimate. storing in fabrication yard or warehouse.

10 . 0.091 0. 0.048 0. .065 0. 4 8 .329 o.033 0.068 0. 149 0.031 0.059 0. . 273 0. 041 0.036 0.241 0.053 0.291 20 OD 0. 044 0.254 18 OD 0. procuring necessary pipe and materials to fabricate spool piece. . . 138 0. 030 0.079 0. .031 0.044 0. 1 .036 0. . . .058 0. 12 24 OD . . transporting necessary ma­ terials to point of fabrication and the transporting of finished work to temporary storage. 210 0. 189 0.119 0. 029 .039 0 031 0 033 0 035 0. . . 070 0. 134 14 OD 0 116 0. .033 0.041 0. .049 0.039 0. 161 0. 159 0. .034 0. .063 0. .071 5 0 048 0.214 0.035 0. 110 0. 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 . . . 218 16 OD 0. 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 .055 0. . . .045 0. 096 0. . 183 Man hours include unloading pipe from railroad cars or trucks and placing in shop storage.053 0. . . . 030 0.088 0. Units apply to any length spool piece or segment of work. .036 0.041 0.044 0.063 0. 370 Pipe Size Inches Schedule 10 to 60 .051 0. .2 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION SHOP HANDLING PIPE FOR FABRICATION Carbon Steel Material Wall Thickness Through Schedule 160 DIRECT MAN HOURS PER FOOT Schedule 80 to 100 Schedule 120 to 160 0 029 0. 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 . 186 0.079 g 0. . 039 0.

124 1.. 0.228 0.490 0.618 1.434 0.25 3.750 1.. 0.651 0.50 0.248 0..772 0.596 0.778 0.25 2.689 0..201 0. . Units apply to any length spool piece or segment of work.463 1. .25 5.284 „ . . .255 1.75 3.110 0.359 0.669 0..729 0.. .405 0.00 2..809 0..129 0. 0. „ .498 0. 0.149 .119 0. 0.494 0.413 0.087 0.00 1.527 0.218 0.119 0.951 0.75 5.75 2.75 6.00 1..921 0.022 1.478 0. -- 0. 0..302 0.071 .182 0.392 0.323 1.255 0.673 0.215 0.25 1.046 1. „ -- - .501 0.610 0.50 1. procuring necessary pipe and materials to fabricate spool piece. 0.983 1.50 3 "or less 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 0.324 0... . „ .148 0.286 0.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 3 Heavy Wall Carbon Steel Material DIRECT MAN HOURS PER FOOT WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES Nominal Pipe Size .429 1.565 1.314 0.081 4.886 „ .558 „ 0..743 0.631 .377 0. .00 4.174 0.225 1.467 0.798 .512 1.139 0.. Man hours include unloading pipe from railroad cars or trucks and placing in shop storage..701 0.416 0.276 0.179 0.554 0.563 0..189 1..390 0.308 0. .486 2.75 4. transporting necessary ma­ terials to point of fabrication and the transporting of finished work to temporary storage.281 0.345 0.528 0.355 1. „ .237 0.329 ..754 0. 0.466 0.129 „ 0.214 0.078 0.099 0.00 3. ..400 1.713 0.146 0.529 1.361 0.274 0.339 0. -- .246 .330 0.50 5.576 0.. .636 1..199 0...00 5.540 0.626 0.. .103 0.675 1.065 0.731 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 .296 1.50 3.151 1.441 0.451 0. .358 0.362 „ - .597 0.159 0..25 4..245 0.408 0.857 0.837 0.315 0.

453 1.479 0.352 0.600 5..517 0.740 0.25 0.750 0.364 0.504 0.453 0.593 0.695 1.552 0.741 0.543 0.286 0.650 0.251 0.514 0.407 0.421 0.560 0.428 0.808 0.891 1.451 0.135 1. .000 1.100 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .234 0.803 0.25 0.723 0.422 0.543 0.765 1.676 26 28 30 32 34 36 2.400 1.642 0..708 0.813 1.503 0.464 0.020 1.380 0. transporting necessary ma­ terials to point of fabrication and the transporting of finished work to temporary storage.563 0.659 3.100 1.75 0.305 1.353 0.410 1.550 0.244 1.677 0.386 0.570 0.830 0.484 0.204 1.233 4.642 1.780 0.00 0.50 1.628 2.360 0.505 0.970 4.290 0.960 1.434 0.268 0.120 1.498 0.465 0.580 0.877 4.041 1.D.502 0. Sizes Carbon Steel Material DIRECT MAN HOURS PER FOOT O. PIPE INCHES 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 .670 0.542 0.506 0.387 0.819 0.444 0.570 1.25 0.00 0.25 1. „ .410 0.993 1.600 1.75 1.75 0.299 1.402 0.734 0.660 1.570 0.855 1.595 0.264 0.473 0.370 1.532 0.405 0.469 0.50 0.607 0.001 2. Man hours include unloading pipe from railroad cars or trucks and placing in shop storage.692 3.D.895 6.461 0.675 0.520 1.658 0.194 1.322 0.534 0.270 0.543 0.403 0.352 0.50 1.603 0.304 0.662 0.00 1. procuring necessary pipe and materials to fabricate spool piece.506 0.995 2. .I .468 0.630 1.610 .285 0.442 0.880 1.700 1.578 0.410 0.570 1.00 0.440 1.336 0.073 1.810 1.440 0.842 0.50 0.446 0.902 2.307 0.426 0.4 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION Large O.778 3.392 0.560 5.303 0.726 0.480 1.740 5.75 1.372 0.427 0.50 0.502 0.720 0.860 0.927 0.00 1.282 0.453 0. .751 1.690 0..490 0.445 0.568 0.25 0.301 0.170 1.528 0.521 0.520 1.640 0.690 1.359 1.530 0.750 0.480 1.900 0.593 0.634 0.734 3.910 0.75 0.222 0.338 0.480 5.372 0.592 0.00 0.320 0.703 0.621 0.520 1.105 26 28 30 32 34 36 4.334 0.954 0.363 0.610 0. Units apply to any length spool piece or segment of work.940 0.830 1..588 0.354 0.763 1.624 0.500 Or Less 0.376 0.633 0.

etc. must be furnished in two or more sections for assembly in the field. 7 U-Bends are to be considered as such only when the bends are continuous arcs or if the tangent between arcs of the same radius is l'-0" long or less. Bends Without Tangents: For Pipe Bends (Sch.10 or 11. For bends having a radius of less than 5 diameters add 50% to man hours shown. add the man hours for threading. double angle bends. add 15% to man hours shown. are too bulky for transporting or handling and therefore. Compound Bends: Man hours of pipe bends other than the standard types illustrated or with bends in more than one plane are obtained by adding together the man hours of the com­ ponent bends that are combined to produce the compound bend. 5 Offset Bends and No. 160 and less) ordered without tangents. If the tangent between arcs is longer than l'-0". welding neck flanges. Connecting Tangents: No.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 5 Minimum Bending Radii: Man hours shown for pipe bends are based upon a minimum bending radii of 5 nominal pipe size diameters. Welding Long Bends: When it is necessary to weld together two or more pieces of pipe to produce the length required in the pipe bend. double quarter bends. Preparation For Intermediate Field Welds: When Pipe Bends.. e. i. or lap joints add the man hours applicable for this operation. 5 Offset Bends are considered as such only when each angle is 90° or less and the connecting tangents between arcs are within the maximum of I'-O" specified in the preceding note. add 100% to the bending man hours shown for each additional 10 feet of arc or part thereof. Bends With Long Arcs: For pipe bending with an arc exceeding 10 feet. with the exception of large sizes and/or lighter walls which must be bent on longer radii. an extra charge should be made for the additional cuts and bevels. Bends from 181° to 359° should be man houred at the same man hours as a No. use the man hours of the next larger shown size. 9. Unlisted Sizes: For unlisted sizes. . the bends should be considered as compound bends. add the man hours for welding. of the same radius are I'-O" or less. slip-on weld flanges. When such tangents are longer than I'-O" the bends should be man houred as one "U" and two 90° Pipe Bends. No. Beveled Ends: If Pipe Bends are to have the ends beveled for welding add the man hours for beveling. Flanged Ends: if Pipe Bends are to have the ends fitted with screwed flanges. Thread Ends: If Pipe Bends are to have the ends threaded only. particularly No. 11 Bend. 9 Expansion U-Bends are to be considered as such only when the bends are continuous arcs or if the tangents between the "U" and the 90° bends. Offset Bends: No.

4 Crossover Bend No.9 Expansion U-Bend No. 8 Double Offset U-Bend No.Ti Angle Bend to 179° No.3 450 Bend No.3i Angle Bend Leu than 45° No. 10 Double Offset Expansion U-Bend . 2 Single Offset Quarter Bend No.6 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION NoJ Quarter Bend 9QO No.li Angle Bend 46° to 89° No.5 Offset Bend -EH No. 6 Single Offset U-Bend No.11 Circle Bend No.

8 45.4 12.2 4.3 9.3 2.2 5.9 8.4 42.3 .4 43.8 4 4. -- 24 OD 81.6 17.1 88.3 23.6 4.9 83.6 10.5 4. 2 Single Offset Quarter No..3 7. No.1 44.9 3.3-45° U-1800 No.4 21.6 5.5 7. 7 No.3 24.2 9.3 2.0 27.7 17.4 12. 4 Cross.6 14.8 31.0 2.1 3.4 22. 11 Circle 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 1.No.0 12.7 5.4 HOD 22.8 15.4 -- For General Notes on pipe bends.4 31.6 2 2-1/2 2.7 8.8 3..8 8 9. "U" "U" No.0 3.4 16 OD 28.3-1/2No.5 4.2 10. -- -- - 20 OD 48.6 12.4 10.4 3. Q 10 12.1 67.3 56.3 5 5. 5 Offset No.2 5.9 12 17.7 3 3-1/2 3.7 33.2 83.5 6.6 5.9 4. 10 Double Offset Exp.8 2.0 7.7 54.0 52.1 11.8 16.0 8. 9 Offset Exp.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 7 PIPE BENDS Schedule Numbers 2O to 1OO Inclusive Labor Only for Making Pipe Bends with Plain Ends Carbon Steel Material Double Extra Strong Weight NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.9 7.6 Single Offset "U" No.9 4. No.4 41.9 8.6 61.8 3.9 10.1 12.6 4.5 25.0 3. — — -- — -- .4 23.4 5.0 72. 7-1/2Lessthan45° 91° to 179° No.7 6.8 -- .4 6.7 17.2 5.9 6.8 5.6 2.8 8.6 32.8 17.8 8.0 35.0 8 7.4 17.9 25.5 5.3 11.4 2.3 6.9 5.1 3.0 17.2 6.1 $9.0 2.2 -- 103.0 13.8 1..8 67. 1-1/246° to 89° No.0 -- 66.1 3. see pages 5 and 6.3 33. — .2 -- -- 18 OD 37.6 103.7 13.0 4. 8 over Double No.4 22. 1-90° No.8 38.8 11.

7 14.3 32.4 5.2 8.5 18.8 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION PIPE BENDS Schedule Numbers 12O.4 103. Offset No.2 _.3-1/2.5 6.8 20.6 7.2 8.7. see pa. 16 OD 34. -- — — — — ---- — -— -- .3 8. 10 No.1/2Lessthan45° 91° to 179° No.4 11.8 20.1 7. 1-1/246° to 89° No.7 50.3 45.6 53.4 3.5 6.3 27.5 7. 1-90° No.4 103.9 7.8 -- .7 6 8. 4 Double Cross.0 8.7 4.8 87.0 54.4 20.No.0 9.3 15.7 10.0 11.7 5.7 U-1800 No."U" "U" Circle 1-1/2 2.4 2.0 12.3 25. — b\)r Gftiemi Notes* on pipe bends.4 14.6 4.1 2.8 16.6 4.7 -- -- 20 OD 54.4 -- 18 OD 44. 24 OD 89.4 -- -- -- .6 Single Offset "U" No.0 39. 2 Single Offset Quarter No.7 3 3.2 10.5 9.6 2 2-1/2 2.5 11.2 3.3 6.8 14 OD 26.8 32.8 36.9 66.6 45.8 39.7 37.7 3.8 Offset over Double Exp.0 2.7 5.8 3.4 14.5 29.1 10.2 6.0 82. 11 Exp.2 20.8 15.3 10 14.7 9.3 2.8 15. 14Oand 16O Labor Only for Making Pipe Bends with Plain Ends Carbon Steel Material Double Extra Strong Weight NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins. 9 No.3-45° No.3 28.3 9.No.6 50.2 20..1 40.9 26.6 4 5. 1 1-1/4 No.2 7.4 64.4 6.4 11.5 7..5 12 20.6 4.2 4.9 5.9 65.8 75.4 59.1 8 11.6 3.0 5.gefs 5 and 6.9 5 6.4 6.3 28.4 17. 5 Offset No.1 13.1 2.9 75.5 19.1 24.7 64.8 3.5 10.5 5.2 4.

1 5.5 16.9 29.7 80.2 74.7 21.7 5.25 153. -- 8. 15.4 35.6 67.5 5..1 57.5 132.. -- .4 .0 162.5 103.3 140.8 36. .8 64.6 39.7 52.0 19. 61.8 14. 47.75 133.2 ..8 5. „ -..0 81.1 11.1 98. - .4 76.4 33.2 43..1 58.2 52.4 32.0 94. .3 144.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 9 PIPE BENDS Heavy Wall—45° or Less Labor only for Making Pipe Bends With Plain Ends Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES 7.5 8. ..75 3.25 1.8 53.9 133.2 88. .1 165.75 4.0 19.3 151.4 - 2.5 194.3 For General Notes on pipe bends.0 85.2 13.4 88..0 69.8 26.2 17.1 38. . „ .8 68.5 23.6 94.2 73.2 .8 89.6 124.00 144.25 2.7 10.00 191.1 11.8 40.00 „ 13.0 69.2 „ .6 92.25 3..00 3.3 40.5 22.6 183.6 78.9 .4 114.7 43.6 50.5 63.7 104.. see pages 5 and 6.00 1.6 176. 124.1 6..6 27. - 4 "or less 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 2.2 45.75 6.50 7.9 39.0 155.4 23.00 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 34.6 75.. -- —.2 4.9 48.9 .5 ..6 56.50 1...75 178.3 51.1 25.5 „ .9 207.1 45.2 116.. 22.6 172.6 205.8 92. 66..8 .50 .3 62.8 14.0 54.2 28.5 34...9 20 22 24 4.6 10.50 164..50 1.1 „ 51.3 190.3 223.6 -.3 26.7 31.25 4.8 ._ 111. - „ 31..4 17.7 19. . 2.1 100.50 3. -- 10.0 24..

1 130..75 5. 64..8 52. .4 23.3 144. .9 172..2 „ 47.7 45.5 22.7 10..2 74..0 .7 . 119. ..5 36.8 14. 189.6 183.50 34.25 2...25 4.1 27.6 93.1 149.5 175.3 203.0 86.0 91.00 7.1 8..5 8.4 187.00 3.8 „_ „ 133.00 144.9 For General Notes on pipe bends.00 5. -- .. 51..1 200.5 16.7 21.9 . .8 36.0 41.0 96.8 „ .0 .9 56.. 31. — -- — -- — .25 5.8 95.6 .6 60.9 31. -- „ 13.00 2.75 2..0 67. - 1.2 54.1 11.50 6. 69..75 4.50 10.4 100.0 82.7 „ .8 26.2 13.3 28.0 56.2 70.0 154.0 114.25 1.5 55.2 141.0 73.7 163.5 63.6 65.9 176.3 223.1 165.4 47.5 119._ ripe Size 4" or Less 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES 7.3 61.25 3.2 43..3 42.2 28.8 .8 153.0 19.7 31..8 14.2 17.8 .6 „ .50 1. .1 237.0 .5 194.9 79..8 98.. .7 80.00 4. see pages 5 and 6. -- „ 15.7 19.1 67.4 17..6 .5 48.0 38.6 106...8 109. .3 74.6 10.10 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION PIPE BENDS Heavy Wall—Over 45 ° to 9O° Inclusive Labor Only For Making Pipe Bends With Plain Ends Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal rx. 1.3 37.0 24.8 42.8 81.2 34.9 39.5 23..50 3..1 11.4 33.4 -- ..6 76. -- 2.75 3. .6 27. 4.5 132.0 19.9 50.0 161. 22.5 216.75 6.8 124. ..1 57.0 90. „ . .4 104.2 88.3 208. For bends 91 ° through 180° add 75% to the above man hours.50 5.

2 187.4 183.4 176.6 217.4 217.50 223.0 378.6 250.6 348.4 266.8 123.0 311.25 167.6 225.4 357.4 26 28 30 32 34 36 2.0 306.2 4.8 216.6 3.00 255.00 158.8 291.8 101.2 118.0 205.6 255.6 271.8 199.2 227.8 229.8 2.6 277.8 4.4 195.0 212. see pages 5 and 6.0 116. D.0 5.6 228.75 189.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 100.6 297.2 4.0 205.8 289.4 185.4 140.0 262.2 For Genera! Notes on pipe bends.8 139.0 5.00 199.8 6.2 286.4 198.6 138.75 2.0 268.0 403.8 300.8 261.8 231.2 360.6 225.6 279.2 264.8 345.4 106.2 174.0 26 28 30 32 34 36 4.0 217.25 210.2 5.6 281.6 172.0 115.50 1.25 138.0 333.4 367.75 126.4 221.8 216.2 223.6 148.4 103.00 138.2 295.2 250.4 119.75 151.4 154.4 262.50 144.4 273.8 284.8 253.25 1.2 244.2 178.4 271.D.00 2.2 176.4 165.2 320.8 319.2 270.6 230.50 176.2 166.2 189. Sizes Labor Only for Making Pipe Bends with Plain Ends Carbon Steel Material MAN HOURS FOR 10' OF ARC OR PORTION THEREOF WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES O. Pipe Inches .2 131.1 237.8 265.750 1. .4 333.2 313.2 3.0 239.6 277.0 3.2 114.6 388.2 145.8 145.2 307.2 121.6 135.4 143.2 3.2 142.8 171.2 102.4 115.2 241.4 238.8 291.0 160.6 151.6 322.6 272.4 176.6 340.8 194.500 Or Less .2 325.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 11 PIPE BENDS Large O.0 5.6 300.0 140.75 237.6 228.4 255.0 104.4 208.2 284.4 180.50 120.00 1.0 158.8 183.2 106.

2 1. . .5 •i 1. . . 1. . 9. 16 OD 18 OD .0 1. .4 1. . . Necks and Straight Runs of Pipe NET MAN HOURS EACH 1. . Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing. . . 2 20 OD .3 1. 5 24 OD . . . . .1 10 2. . . and Higher 125 Lb. . . . .9 . 7.5 3. . . 6. .4 . 2.9 3. 1 3.4 10.2 1. . 3 46 5. . . . Cast Iron and 150 Lb. . .0 2.6 6 18 8 2.6 3 12 250 Lb. . . . . . . .3 . . Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flange. .8 4.7 1. . 2. 1 2 or less 2-1/2 3-1/2 1. 14 OD . . .12 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION ATTACHING FLANGES—SCREWED TYPE Labor—Cutting and Threading Pipe—Making on Screwed Flanges and Re facing Carbon Steel Material For Bends. Steel Pipe Size Inches . The price of the flange must be added in all cases. .2 55 6. . . . 1. . . .6 Flanges: Man hours are for labor only.6 . .4 4 1. . . Cast Iron and Steel 300 Lb. . Headers.

5 5.0 9.3 3.4 1.7 1.8 14.4 3.1 8.7 3.9 8.9 5.0 13.6 15.8 4.6 3.7 10. 2 or less 2-% 1. 600 Lb.0 2.6 10.7 9.3 2.5 7.9 3.9 13.7 4. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing. 300 Lb.9 6.6 8.1 3.3 2.7 11.0 2.7 13.9 2.5 1.5 1.9 2. 2500 Lb. 900 Lb.1 1.3 2.7 4.5 6. Manual Seal Welding at Back and Refacing Carbon Steel Material Straight Pipe.3 9.8 8.7 7.2 2.3 3.5 4.6 16.7 1.2 7.3 2. The price of the flange must be added in all cases.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 13 ATTACHING FLANGES—SCREWED TYPE Labor—Cutting and Threading Pipe.9 1.4 4.8 6.4 5.0 3. Bends.3 10.6 3. Headers and Nozzles NET MAN HOURS EACH SERVICE PRESSURE RATING Size Inches 150 Lb.2 4.9 10. 1500 Lb.6 7.0 12.5 3. 400 Lb.1 11.9 3.9 7.9 6.2 8.4 6.4 5.3 2.6 2.7 2.9 5.8 5.2 2.7 1.3 14.3 2.7 1.7 4. .1 2.5 5.5 2. Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flange.6 2.1 13.8 18.3 2. Making on Flange.0 2.4 2.2 4.9 1.0 3.3 Flanges: Man hours are for labor only.1 9.3 4.6 11.0 3.1 4.

8 7.8 4.3 5.2 10.6 12. Making on Flange.1 24 OD 16.8 6.6 6.3 2.1 5.2 16 OD 9.2 6. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.0 6.4 4. The price of the flange must be added in all cases.14 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION ATTACHING FLANGES—SCREWED TYPE Labor—Cutting and Threading Pipe.2 17.9 3.8 2.7 2.8 5.2 20 OD 11.2 -- 3.6 15.4 7.3 9. Bends.3 13.6 3. 600 Lb.6 5 2.4 3.9 12. 400 Lb. Straight Pipe. Manual Seal Welding at Back and Front and Refacing Carbon Steel Material.3 3. Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flange.1 2.2 4.9 3.0 22.6 5.0 4 2.4 3.2 19-6 21..1 13.3 18.9 11.2 8. 4.5 8.1 12.2 16.9 1. ISOOLb.1 8.2 .6 6.5 5.0 18 OD 10.2 3.3 12 6.3 6 3. 900 Lb.1 2.9 10.1 8 4.9 9.3 2.8 3.9 7.1 3.5 2. -- .3 2.1 2. 2500 Lb.2 4.7 1.4 11.7 16.5 2.1 4.7 2.9 4.5 SERVICE PRESSURE RATING Flanges: Man hours are for labor only.8 15.7 3 3M­ 2.5 14.3 2.1 2.0 14 OD 7.6 10 5..0 9. 300 Lb.8 3.2 6.7 5.9 8. Headers and Nozzles NET MAN HOURS EACH Pipe Size Inches 150Lb.9 2.3 12.6 18.5 2.5 2. 2 or less 2% 1.5 9.7 4.7 13.8 7.9 2.

1 1!4 1% 0.7 15.2 1.9 0.8 2.0 1.6 1.5 17.5 11.0 1.8 2. Weld Fittings or Bends: For attaching flanges to weld fittings or bends with no straight tangents or on a straight section of pipe. - Flanges: Man hours are for labor attaching the flange perpendicular to the centerline of a section of straight pipe or to a straight section of pipe on the end of a bend..6 16. Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flanges.3 9.4 29.1 23.3 1.0 1.8 7.3 4.0 18 OD 10. Refacing: For flanges requiring refacing after welding increase above man hours 50'7r.9 20.5 3.6 8.3 11.6 2.2 6.6 2 2% 1. 600 Lb.2 1.9 6. 900 Lb.5 1.9 1.6 9.5 39.0 _ 30 OD - - 27.6 1.1 6.9 4.9 13.6 2.6 6.1 33. but other than perpendicular to the centerline.1 22.9 3.3 7.0 19.8 16 OD 8.8 1.0 21.4 10.2 1.9 3.2 5.4 41.7 37.0 1.0 9.1 2.ATTACHING FLANGES—SLEP-ON TYPE Labor—Slipping on Flange Manual Welding at Front and Back Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH SERVICE PRESSURE RATING Q­ „ oize Inches 1500 Lb.0 36.2 1.6 3.6 2.1 1.8 17.0 26 OD - - 23.9 2.0 16.6 2.5 2.1 12 6.9 34 OD - - 30.6 - 37.8 8.6 11.1 HOD 7.4 2.1 3.9 1.9 0.2 1.8 150 Lb.0 14.1 1.7 52 5 2.5 28. 300 Lb. 1 1.3 26.2 10 5.6 17.6 32.0 2.8 0.2 1.5 6 3.1 3.9 20. 1 2500 Lb.5 5.6 13.2 _ 42 OD _ .1 2.7 26.4 1.2 3 3% 1.2 1.6 2.1 2.0 13.1 24 OD 15.9 46.4 4.8 36 OD _ - 32.2 4.3 3.4 13. 400 Lb. .5 33.9 9.5 7.3 11.8 8 4.3 4.5 20 OD 12.3 5.6 17.2 44.9 4 2.7 15.3 5.3 10.5 2.9 2. add 25% to the above man hours.6 12.4 14.0 3.1 7.

52 2.32 3.38 1. For additional information see notes at bottom of preceding page.84 2.72 . For sizes 2" through 4" time is included for manual welding on front.08 5.37 6.10 6.30 4.78 .92 4 1. ISOOLb.10 2.64 14 OD 2.55 3.50 1.59 30 01) _ - 8.92 8. 900 Lb.56 1.08 1.88 3. 600 Lb.68 5. Above man hours should be used in lieu of manual welding slip-on flanged joints on all shop machine welded slip-on flanges which can be rotated.04 3.37 6. r ~ 1. OD - - 9.55 3.28 2.20 .90 .55 1.54 :«.42 4.90 8 1.14 9.88 13. " 2500 Lb.22 11.56~ 2 2-1/2 .34 : 1.06 4.11 5. Unlisted sizes take the next highest listing.96 1.45 3.76 5.44 1.10 10 2. .05 8.99 7.65 18OD 3.26 4.90 11.82 3.90 26 01) - - 7.88 16 OD 2.86 - ­ - ­ Man hours include slipping-on carbon steel flange.48 2.40 5.75 20 OD 3. Welding both front and back.25 2.76 4.16 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION ATTACHING FLANGES—SLIP-ON TYPE Labor—Slipping on Flange and Machine Welding at Front and Back Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH SERVIC E PRESSURE RATING Ins.58 9.76 11.81 4. tack welding and machine submerged arc.28 ­ _ 42 OD - - 11.66 .32 3.74 3 .51 7.72 4.18 2.26 1.06 _ 34 01) - - 9.72 1.55 3.80 5.15 3. ! 2 6 1.67 2.50 1. 300 Lb.12 2.96 1.80 1.39 13.26 1.85 9.86 2.72 4.65 5. 400 Lb.72 3.11 4.10 6. 150 Lb.83 24 OD 4.22 12.03 6.70 2.55 5.09 3.98 2. Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flange.96 1.03 6.24 12 2.20 1.24 4.

90 9.00 <.20 3.00 8 3.30 8. 24 OD 10.60 3.30 4.50 4.50 1.06 42 OD _ - 19.76 13.40 1.10 7.60 11.30 2.20 11.40 8.88 15.90 10. 2500 Lb.10 6.20 1.30 5. M OD _ 36 (3D _ ~ 16.40 8.20 3 1.30 4. 400 Lb.70 16.20 11.70 1.10 12. 10 2.00 1..60 6.00 14 OD 6. Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flanges.23 - _ Man hours include aligning and tack welding carbon steel weld neck flange and machine submerged artwelding to pipe.90 8.06 19.60 1.90 3.90 11. Unlisted sizes take the next highest listing.30 2.30 - 18 OD 8.30 6.30 6.30 .10 12.90 4.20 1.43 22.50 3.90 2.40 7.60 1.00 _ - 26 OD 30 OD 150 Lb.90 if] OD 7.70 5.90 1.73 18.50 1.20 2.80 1.90 3.60 2.20 2.80 4.90 2.90 4._ 20 OD 9.00 .10 11.20 12 5.88 _ 15.80 1.10 9.10 10 4.20 14.90 5.10 10.30 7.60 8.80 5.70 12. 2 1.40 4 2.88 15.30 2.70 2'/2 1.60 7. SERVICE PRESSURE RATING 600 Lb.60 2. 900 Lb.00 18.70 6.70 7.25 5.76 _ 13.65 19.20 3.30 _ 12.03 13.05 1.. 1500 Lb. _ _ 300 Lb. 2.10 6.70 8. _ _ _ .Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 17 ATTACHING FLANGES—WELD NECK TYPE Labor—Aligning Flange and Butt Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.50 3.90 3.

3 12.2 12 18.9 12. placement of paddle-type plates.7 24.5 _ _ _ _ 34 69.4 9.9 27..0 8. and bolting up of pair of orificetype flanges.5 0 9.0 35..9 14.0 8 12.5 MS 25.4 - _ 30 60.1 - - _ _ _ Slip-On Types: Man hours include slipping on.2 _ _ 18 28. 900-1500 Lb. or threading of pipe.3 4.1 21.8 15.7 _ 8.5 12.3 16.1 _ - 42 80. See respective tables for these man hours. 3 5. and bolting of pair of orifice flanges.5 6.. beveling. All man hours exclude cutting.1 18.2 9. 20 33.8 10 15.3 4 6.8 - . 24 41.18 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION ATTACHING ORIFICE FLANGES­ SLIP ON AND THKEADED TYPES Carbon Steel Material MAN HOURS PER PAIR SERVICE PRESSURE RATING Slip-On Type Threaded Types Size Ins.5 7. . placement of paddle-type plates. 300 Lb.5 - .9 21.0 18. 300 Lb. Threaded Types: Man hours include screwing on.0 _ 36 74.6 _ _ 14 22.8 18. welding. 400-600 Lb.0 9.3 - _ 2(5 53.

4 20.6 _ 60.2 21.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 19 ATTACHING ORIFICE FLANGES—WELD NECK TYPE Carbon Steel Material MAN HOURS PER PAIR Size Ins.7 15.7 29.9 18.7 - _ 36 42 _ Man hours include setting.1 35.2 60. 900 Lb.9 20 28.6 6.5 10.2 20.4 13 ?* 8 13.H 24. 600 Lb.8 43.3 14 19. See respective tables for these man hours. and bolting up of pair of orifice flanges. welding.4 68. placement of paddle-type plates.4 15.8 18.9 52.9 29.3 4 7.6 28.3 21.2 IN 26.8 8.4 9.0 7.4 33.3 44.8 20.3 34. 87.2 9.5 50.0 19.6 1 *> 16.1 44. 400 Lb.2 12.8 10.2 10 14.7 31.6 24 37. SERVICE PRESSURE RATING 300 Lb.2 31. Man hours exclude cutting and beveling of pipe.5 22.0 67.1 13.9 45.4 12.1 27.7 6 9.7 7.7 _.1 37.8 if . 3 5.6 34 _ 57.7 62.6 91.1 26. .8 8.6 15. 2H _ 41. aligning.2 22.6 _ 30 - 47. 1500 Lb.5 24. 21.2 _.0 27.1 41.

. add the following percentages to the welding man hours to cover extra problems in fit-up: 1) Through 1/2" wall 2) Over 1/2" through 1" wall 3! Over l"through 2" wall 4) Over 2" through 3" wall 5) Over 3" wall 40% 30% 20% 15*8 10% . add 30% to the man hours of a standard thickness butt weld. 3) When nozzle welds are to be located on a fitting increase nozzle weld man hours 50%. when required.20 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION GENERAL WELDING NOTES Backing Rings: When backing rings are used. . 50%. Nozzle Welds: Following percentage increases should be allowed for the following conditions: 1) When nozzle welds are to be located off-center of the runiexcept tangential) increase man hours shown for nozzle welds. In addition the following percentages should be added if applicable: 1) When backing rings are tack welded in on one side. 2) Add 80% to nozzle welds for tangential nozzle welds. add 10% to the man hours of a standard thickness butt weld. add 25% to the welding man hours to cover extra problems in fit-up.50% 60% 70% Sloping Lines: Add 100% to all welding man hours for this condition. Consumable Inserts: When consumable inserts are used. Long Neck Nozzle Welds: The welding-on of long neck nozzles should be charged at the schedule 160 reinforced nozzle weld man hours. Shaped Nozzles. 3) Preheating and stress relieving. 2) When backing rings are completely welded in on one side. Nozzle Weld Fit-Ups and Dummy Nozzle Welds: These should be charged at a percentage of the completed nozzle weld man hours as follows: 1) Shaped Branch 2) Shaped Hole in Header 3) Fit-up of Both Branch or Header (whether tack-welded or not) 4) Dummy Nozzle Weld (no holes in header) 50% . . should be charged at full butt weld preheating and stress relieving man hours for the size and thickness in which the backing ring is installed.

83 5 1. 4. Man hours do not include the use of an oxygen analyzer. For preparation of nozzle welds.D 11. CHROME ALLOY AND STAINLESS STEEL Pipe Size Inches AH Thicknesses Pipe Size Inches All Thicknesses 2 "or less 2-1/2 0.D. increase the above man hours 50 percent for each additional pass for which the purge is held.12 3 0. 6.99 20O.D.42 1 6.D.D 28O. 14.67 38 O.36 36O. increase above man hours 20 percent.75 30O. 7. 3.D.68 60 O. 13.D.39 10 1.D.92 40O. and mitre butt welds for inert gas shielded root pass add 100 percent to the above man hours.88 6 1.Section One~SHOP FABRICATION 21 SPECIAL fTrUNG AND PREPARATION FOR INERT GAS SHIELDED ROOT PASS WELDING Butt Welds NET MAN HOURS EACH CARBON STEEL. 8.93 18O. coupling welds.D.D.87 16O. 'olet welds.06 42 O.D.19 46 O. 10.22 54 O.45 0. 6.48 Man hours shown will apply either with or without an internal nitrogen purge. Man hours do not include the installation of consumable inserts or end preparation for consumable inserts. If the purge is to be held longer than the first two passes. 5.06 14O. 4.66 44 O.14 34O.23 12 2.D.64 26 O.D 9. 3. For internal argon purge.D. 9.90 48 O.06 8 1.D. 2.37 6. .D.D.D. 4 0.15 24O.94 32O. 7.D.

43 16O.95 24O.17 20O. grinding or stress relieving. 2.37 3. 1.85 4. tack welding.60 .80 1.D.19 2.72 4.90 4 .89 — . All sizes of butt welds shown below the ruled lines are %" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.65 -- .12 2. 2.45 . beveling.36 5.13 3.08 1.D..15 18O. Man hours include cutting.55 -- .D. machine set-up and submerged welding.15 8 .54 1. 1.68 2.70 .05 2.0 1.10 7..92 10 1.32 14O.44 12 1. See respective tables for these charges.55 . 40 60 80 160 2 2-1/2 .74 2.36 1.D.26 1. manual single pass or backing ring. Above man hours should be used in lieu of manual butt weld man hours on all shop machine welds which can be rotated.D.50 . fitting. Above man hours do not include preheating.96 5.40 . .30 6 .99 1. .51 4. 3.19 1.90 1. This procedure not applicable to alloy pipe.22 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION MACHINE BUTT WELDS Submerged Arc Butt Welds Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH SCHEDULE NUMBER Size Ins.80 3 .

6 8.. See man hours for pre­ heating.7 2.7 0.7 16.9 10.1 -- 1. .8 2. use Schedule 160 listings.2 -- -- 1.2 13.5 4.2 4. Preheating: H specified or required by Codes._ -__ 0.7 0. Cutting and Beveling Pipe: Man hours do not include cutting and beveling of pipe.1 3._ -__ -— .4 10. add for this operation.2 18 OD 1. 2 5.7 25.8 1 8.6 4.0 1.4 4. 1 5.9 1.6 2.8 1.2 3.7 7.6 20 OD 5.4 5.3 Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe determines the man hours that will apply.2 __ __ 6 1.0 15.0 26.4 4.6 7.1 3.5 11.4 36. General Notes: For additional notes on welding see page 18.7 3.8 16 OD 4.0 31.3 -__ .6 3._ 140 __ 160 80 100 120 0.4 2.3 9.4 1.6 11.9 .1 10.4 4 1.5 5.8 1..0 1.3 34. 1 1.8 2 2-1/2 0.4 28.7 16. See man hours for stress relieving.8 3.3 7.5 13.1 3 3-1/2 1.9 41.7 0. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.8 2.4 7.3 17.5 22. 1 1 6.9 1.4 --- -__ -__ -- -- 1.8 8.7 0.9 6.6 4.5 1.6 5 1.1 8 2.5 4.1 7.1 14 OD 3.2 1.2 5. A.3 1.9 18.8 50..4 .2 4.3 5.6 0.9 1. For butt welds of double extra strong materials.4 13. 1 60 __ --.7 3.2 5.7 12 3.1 27.2 2.8 ---__ _. an extra charge should be made.3 19.2 2.6 24 OD 5.0 0. -~­ __ 0.9 8.6 4.5 21.7 0.5 14.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 23 MANUAL BUTT WELDS Labor for Welding Only Carbon Steel Materials NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.0 9.7 0.1 11.2 10 2. 2.1 4.S.5 -__ 3. Code of Pressure piping where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.2 2. 1 23. 1 — .0 3. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.1 1.9 SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 __ -__ 30 __ __ 40 0.3 5. 2.7 0.2 17.9 11.8 2.9 5.8 3._ 2. 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 Extra Standard Heavy Pipe Pipe &OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick 1/2" Thick 0.5 2.3 1.2 1.6 .7 __ -__ -__ -__ -- -- 1.3 7. Mitre Welds: Add 50% to butt weld man hours.3 30.6 21. Where stress relieving is required. 1.5 0.6 2. See respective tables for these charges.6 0. A.8 -- 1.2 1.11 sizes of butt welds shown below the ruled lines are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.

.7 7.7 22..5 92.00 1.9 53.3 14.50 „ „ .9 77. - 2.9 105.4 30.6 101.3 130.4 .1 27.6 47.25 4...00 4.75 6. 31.2 91. .4 .8 8.3 2.5 4.5 11..2 82.6 83. 3.1 160.6 19.8 „ .4 96. .5 42.3 61.2 39.1 234.8 91.6 252.3 186.2 27.7 16.8 6.7 163.5 30. ..24 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION MANUAL HEAVY WALL BUTT WELDS Labor for Welding Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES . . 10.7 227.3 _ 2.9 177.5 4.8 5.9 35.2 16.0 17.8 146.8 71.2 250.75 4.9 53.6 78.1 36.1 3. 2.5 13.8 35.1 270..75 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 3.2 105.3 11.50 1.3 41.50 1 .2 8.8 36.3 46.9 .1 46.3 148.3 203.4 23.9 46.00 5.8 203.2 80.750 1.1 89. 68.8 61.4 70.4 - 11.1 109.5 25.5 213.25 1.25 „ .25 5.0 5.6 5.0 19.9 183.8 191.6 141.4 214.6 189.4 172. .5 60.1 13.2 23.2 31.9 .50 5.3 19.00 2.. — | j 135.4 19...4 56. „ 15..9 222.8 70.3 66.8 8.00 160.2 33.4 7..8 80...4 47.7 39.2 26..8 75.9 69. .9 124.3 63.3 For Genera! Notes on welding.7 - 3.1 61.1 233.00 2.7 ^ 41. „ -- „ .0 54.75 5..2 119.25 3.75 4. .7 53.7 23. see pages 20 and 23.8 173.2 114.50 3.

7 11.7 67.6 24.6 12.9 16.2 99.0 44.5 127.7 17.3 377.9 221.4 255.4 177.D.3 38.6 88.8 20.6 25.8 58.4 127.6 33.2 70.9 177.3 44.6 33.3 42.9 4.2 20.00 1.3 186.1 18. BUTT WELDS Labor for Welding Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH O.500 .2 78.5 65.75 2.3 64.4 188.4 357.4 78.8 44.6 70.8 57.9 29.5 144.3 40.75 6.5 98.4 191.2 76.8 145.00 52.2 36.1 31.5 95.2 63.6 55.7 52.50 3.0 42.9 291.3 55.0 22.0 331.75 3.7 92.7 136.0 166.2 39.75 2.0 77.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 25 MANUAL LARGE O.6 101.1 77. see pages 20 and 23.5 48.2 72.8 39.5 92.4 339.2 31.7 270.6 120.4 206.2 152.6 1 152.7 293.25 5.5 10.3 106.5 9.7 274.5 219.00 172.750 1.4 207.50 4.7 85.3 93.5 45.9 15.8 92.3 199.5 29.7 272.9 46.9 273.5 77.0 311.9 135.2 99.8 349.50 1.1 12.1 63.75 5.1 31.8 314.1 44.0 28.5 334.2 129.9 328.3 88.6 211.1 291.8 26.3 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES For General Notes on welding.375 .9 60.6 107.1 49.3 292.9 201.1 84. PIPE INCHES .2 20.1 57.4 19.1 50.0 310.0 234.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 7.7 221.6 253.1 93.6 58.2 114.5 238.7 100.4 22.0 58.2 39.2 52.8 237.9 1 16.0 252.8 31.3 57.1 107.5 22.5 117.2 112.8 405.8 13.9 24.2 270.1 157.50 2.0 84.4 35.2 18.3 72.8 66.7 265.50 5.5 70.1 16.5 83.4 57.3 63.1 8.8 234.0 78.D.1 211.7 23.6 288.9 305.8 252.0 50.1 122.75 4.6 27.2 36.00 3.9 70.4 136.1 91.9 52.9 i 165.6 13.6 285.5 47.3 148.8 29.7 36.4 39.7 117.0 310.9 227.0 34.5 67.3 2.8 107.5 84.9 100.00 5.6 252.25 4.4 188. .3 36.25 3.7 104.9 382.3 49.0 18.2 49.6 81.3 90.2 239.9 162.0 359.4 60.25 1.9 26.8 56.7 47.

etc. use man hours for 90° reinforced nozzles. For use of Gusset plates.0 23. 2. S.8 15.7 _- — -- 9.4 [ 19.9 17.3 33.0 9.8 15.3 SCHEDULE NUMBERS :.0 -- -- 4.3 2.7 3.1 27.7 30.9 2.9 12. See man hours for stress relieving. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving.5 37.6 19.6 12. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A. A.4 6. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made. .9 7.as stiffeners not for reinforcement.3 3.9 7.5 80 100 -- 1.8 46.0 43. Reinforcement: Man hours given above are for plain welded nozzles only. The size and wall thickness of header (not the size of the nozzle) determines the preheating man hours.1 6.3 5.3 39.0 11.8 3.5 16.0 40.0 6.1 .5 -- -- -- -- -- 4.9 6.0 55.9 2.5 10.2 1. 1 5.7 3.8 9.0 66.2 13.8 1. or by the use of reinforcing rings or saddles as specified.7 1 13.4 41. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.1 7.8 11.5 15.3 51.2 2. For nozzle of double extra strong pipe thickness.6 25.1 22.5 12.4 11.0 9.4 -- -- 2.0 6. See man hours for pre­ heating.1 14 OD 16 OD 4.0 7.. 1.9 -- -- 3.26 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 90° WELDED NOZZLES Labor For Cutting And Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Standard Extra Heavy Pipe Pipe & OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick 20 Size Ins.9 2.5 4.0 -- 7.7 10.5 29.9 4. 12.7 120 6.4 33.1 2. 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 3.0 6.5 8.4 2.3 6.1 2.5 9.0 12 -- 60 5 10 160 40 4 8 140 30 4.8 11.9 27.9 18.7 5.3 29..3 —­ 2.3 — 1 12.9 9.5 45.9 24.2 24.0 8. Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply. For Genera] Notes on welding.9 23.2 2.4 6.8 3.2 __ --.9 9.0 18 OD 20 OD 9.1 All Nozzles other than 90° should be charged at the man hours shown for 4o nozzles.6 65.6 5.9 2.8 4.1 3.6 30.9 5.2 .3 47.1 2.0 58.5 7.8 12.8 14.7 3.0 24 OD 12.add 25% to the net man hours shown above.3 7. All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.3 — -- -- 2.8 4.5 35. Code for Pressure Piping.7 6.2 21.8 1.5 4. .0 13. 3. see pages 20 and 23.9 35.2 10. Preheating: If specified or required by Codes. If reinforcement is required and produced by building up the nozzle weld.1 38.7 18.9 -- 6. add for this operation.9 8.1/2 1.3 3.0 59.3 5.0 6.5 7.0 77. use Schedule 160 man hours.5 16..8 18.9 | 17.

0 47.3 — 5 8. Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply.8 13.1 16.9 25.8 6. 8.1 50. 4.0 46.0 5.2 19. 6.4 52.5 -- 10.1 16.6 __ -- 4 7.4 27.6 17. Standard Extra Pipe Heavy Pipe &OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 -- 6.0 -- 8.2 19.8 __ — -- 13.4 61.5 33.0 97.6 5.3 39. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.5 6.3 6 8. The price of the nozzle and reinforcing materials must be added.3 30.1 8 9.3 16.0 62.7 51.6 9.4 8.3 29..9 22.3 72.5 13.2 20.3 9.4 59.5 10.6 29.8 10.0 54.7 -- — 4.1 6.1 -- -- 4.4 14 OD 13.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 27 90° WELDED NOZZLES—REINFORCED Labor For Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.1 -- -- -- 3 3-1/2 5.5 37.5 12. Preheating.2 18.5 71.1 20.5 34. See man hours for stress relieving.6 84.9 12.2 22.2 16.9 23.8 13..4 4.8 6.4 -- 10.9 22.9 11.5 50.2 15.7 44.1 .4 . For General Nolex on welding.1 12 12. use Schedule 160 man hours.3 24 OD 18. 2 2-1/2 4.0 15.7 30. see pages 20 and 23. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.9 9. All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved. A.5 18.8 10.7 -__ 10.4 48.2 20 OD 17.1 20.8 27.7 -__ 7.9 44. 8 1 24. See man hours for pre­ heating.7 15.9 11.22.0 11.1 20..1 6.3 18 OD 16.7 .S.0 12. If specified or required by Codes. Code for Pressure Piping.7 -- _.6 13.7 23.7 38.3 25. For nozzles of double extra strong pipe thickness.7 31.9 8.9 7.0 13.5 ..6 51.3 10 10.0 17. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving.4 1-1/2 4.1 126.6 5.9 7.1 33.8 17.0 5.4 55.3 16 OD 15.3 13.5 17. The size and wall thickness of header (not the size of the nozzle) determines the preheating man hours.9 9.8 83.4 40. Reinforcement: Man hours are for labor only.4 74.0 8. add for this operation.2 37.6 __ 5.8 ^**mmm^f All Nozzles other than 90° should be charged at the man hours shown for 45° nozzles.. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made.8 10. .8 40.6 15.9 12.

8 117.7 64.2 34.2 89.3 71.5 111.3 76.9 .6 38.3 123.1 122.2 83.2 130.6 68.8 66.5 176.6 67.500 .0 149.3 116.6 184.6 264.0 63.2 85.0 99.2 213.25 1.6 267.1 32.6 93.2 65.0 142.1 142.375 .00 1.2 237.0 j .8 104.3 67.3 123.3 119.8 69.4 119.2 117.0 53.4 127.7 56.0 136.1 90.9 192.0 165.4 192.4 54.1 81.5 80.9 94.375 .5 88.1 74.1 149.2 117.3 88.1 152.1 237.0 86.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 21.3 63.7 102.2 102.0 81.7 59.1 57.1 101.4 150.9 84.4 79.6 86.2 75.2 66.2 49.0 53.5 112.9 38.9 45.5 74.8 91.0 117.2 i 1 2.8 86.0 128.3 98.3 165.7 40.0 163.4 118.4 170.7 53.9 93.2 69.4 136.75 2.9 50.75 2.9 63.0 103.9 123.8 46.6 76.3 110.6 130.0 27.8 50.D.9 211.4 40.1 178.0 63.5 187.0 145.2 133.0 44.2 39.3 79.0 90.8 59.2 45.8 156.2 171.6 53.7 56.25 29.2 58.2 86.25 1. D.50 1.9 78.5 95.6 138.00 1.2 88.8 73.4 45.6 166. 90° NOZZLE WELDS Labor For Cutting And Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH NON REINFORCED 90C NOZZLE WELDS O.9 97.9 136.2 130.0 24.6 28.4 33.8 107.5 88.7 108.2 235.5 45.4 137.50.2 68.8 112.0 123.0 29.00 2.9 71.8 106.5 133.750 1.4 49.750 1.5 78.2 96.1 122.9 103.3 147.7 80.8 28.5 117.6 132.9 43.7 153.7 137.3 104.8 39.7 155. Pipe Inches .3 72.8 214.3 98.25 REINFORCED 90 NOZZLE WELDS 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 .0 23.7 105.3 297.3 76.6 212.2 149.3 192.8 91.5 58.5 92.6 51.0 45.5 60.0 129.1 66.28 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION LARGE O.6 208.8 168.1 32.1 153.5 42.3 76.0 171.2 190.1 102.1 181.5 92.0 132.8 72.9 150.0 112.6 169.2 79.9 84.8 47.9 38.7 52.500 .2 104.1 188.4 96.0 58.50 1.1 131.1 32.4 37.6 66.4 36.0 109.0 195.9 59.

3 9.9 3.6 .5 12.6 103.4 2..3 20.7 29.1 4.2 16 OD 18 OD 10.6 60.9 7. See man hours for stress relieving.4 9.4 70.9 43.7 37.0 13.5 12.9 63.1 22.5 15.9 6 6.0 13.8 30.5 17.6 14.0 88.3 5.4 17.8 --- 2. use Schedule 160 man hours.2 -.1 10. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater. A.2 12 9.6 4.0 17.2 -__ 10.0 18.6 14.5 32.2 11..9 __ -8.8 6.9 20.3 7.7 54.9 5.0 13.2 9.1 8.7 38..5 16.6 29.1 78. .5 32. see 'pages 20 and "23.7 --- 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 -_--_ SCHEDULE NUMBERS 30 40 -__ __ 2.2 6.8 47.4 17.3 Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply.1 5.1 46.1 -.8 7.7 39.8 62.1 5.0 44.8 2.5 23.2 8.6 -~_ 7.5 2.6 --- 4 4.7 .4 2.8 19.4 3-1/2 3. The size and wall thickness of header (not the size of the nozzle) determines the preheating man hours.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 29 45° WELDEDNOZZLES Labor For Cutting And Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Extra Standard Heavy Pipe Pipe &OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick 1/2" Thick 20 Size Ins.1 25.1 11.1 25.3 15._ -__ 80 2. For General Notes on welding.3 24.1 18.8 7.4 _--_ __ __ 3.1 8. etc.6 79.8 3.5 2.2 30.9 12.4 20.1 2.5 12.1 8.0 21. For use of Gusset plates. If re­ inforcement is required and produced by building up the nozzle weld.1 34. See man hours for pre­ heating. -- 6.5 2. T __ __ 2.8 6.3 7.5 38. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.7 57.3 9.0 14.7 -9.9 14 OD 22.1 55.6 4.5 9. Man hours given above are for plain nozzles only. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving.2 10 8.1 89.add 25% to the net man hours shown above.not for reinforcement.1 11.1 36. All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.9 3. Preheating: If specified or required by Codes.3 46.6 -- 5 5. S.3 — --- 60 __ --__ -__ __ 100 __ 120 __ 140 160 -__ _--_ __ 3.3 3.3 28.8 3.2 -- 8.7 10.0 8 7.1 20 OD 24 OD 14. For nozzles of double extra strong pipe thickness.4 51.8 21.9 13. 12. add for this operation.8 4.. Code for Pressure Piping.6 4.6 13. or by the use of rein­ forcing rings or saddles as specified use man hours for 45° reinforced nozzles.5 2. 6.4 50.3 --- 3.9 41.8 4.7 4.5 15.6 5.5 73. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made.1 18. Reinforcement.as stiffeners.

6 23.3 97.8 20. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving.0 27.1 24.6 8.30 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 45° WELDED NOZZLES—BEINFORCED Labor For Cutting And Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.4 27.2 32.6 8. For nozzles of double extra strong pipe thickness. 6.1 26.7 37. 7. Preheating.1 19.7 21.8 20.3 60.9 25. See man hours for stress relieving.5 21.6 23.0 111.2 32. Code for Pressure Piping.2 37.8 43.3 13.8 30.7 -- 11.7 8.6 34.7 41.7 16.7 70.4 12.6 70.4 67.4 -- 13.0 6.8 79.0 13.5 -- -- -- 11.3 13.4 25.8 17.4 14. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.6 Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply.8 .2 23.4 45.6 52.1 __ -- -- 2-1/2 11.7 9.6 . 6.9 30.4 112.7 43. 5.6 12.7 16. Standard Extra Pipe Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick 1/2" Thick 20 SCHEDULE NUMBERS 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1-1/2 5.9 12. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made.3 17.0 38.1 10.9 18. use Schedule 160 man hours.8 27.7 -- 17.7 13.9 53.7 68.9 2 6.1 -- _.0 13.4 22.8 71. If specified or required by Codes._ _.1 17.3 17.4 14.8 33.3 74. add for this operation.9 96.1 82.S._ -- 9.0 31.4 72.7 11.7 3 3-1/2 7.2 -- .0 9.4 14.7 59.5 25.7 16.5 80.9 6.1 -- -- -- 14.6 21.2 17.7 42. A.1 .9 44.4 20.8 20.5 83.3 22. The size and wall thickness of header (not the size of the nozzle) determines the preheating man hours.2 -- -- -- 8.3 60.7 14.3 18.7 18.9 -- 6.0 11._ 27.0 30.5 36.1 99. I 21..3 — .1 10.8 51. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A. Reinforcement: Man hours are for labor only. See man hours for pre­ heating.7 -- 9..6 23.7 -- 14.8 6. The price of the nozzle and reinforcing materials must be added.6 38.0 4 5 6 8 10 12 OD 14 OD 16 OD 18 OD 20 OD 24 OD 14.9 25.0 6.3 18.7 14.5 65.0 44.4 15. All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved. .3 130.5 50.7 8.8 55.

6 271.500 .4 190.6 75.1 101.1 155.1 31.2 90.8 102.2 181.9 169.6 108.7 60.6 196.4 204.375 .750 38.6 73.4 244.7 156.50 1.0 190.2 157.1 95.4 135.4 158.3 98.0 80.3 88.2 1.0 176.9 137. and 30.4 226.9 92.6 116. 91.8 71.9 146.4 58.4 .9 84.4 217.3 164.9 75. 45° NO2KLE WELDS Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH O.0 77.1 51.7 68.0 137.3 251.0 149.1 131.0 49.8 37.1 226.375 . 139.6 137. 63.0 36.D.0 220. Pipe Inchess 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 NON-REINFORCED 45 ' NOZZLE WELDS .6 70.9 200.4 142.6 182.75 28.2 104.5 256.7 149.6 43.4 81.4 .1 173.5 283.6 77. REINFORCED 45 NOZZLEWELDS .8 118 124 130 136 147 158 171 185 199 228 256 285 .0 97.4 138.6 121.4 154.9 54.6 52. see pages 20.4 192.5 127.D.7 51.6 62.750 1.3 147.5 120.2 127. .00 1.0 216.5 37.9 111.7 104.2 149.2 67.4 115.4 132.3 137.1 84.7 183.0 84.0 260.5 56.9 156.1 201.3 66.2 100.4 281.8 114.25 1.2 105.0 105.3 117.500 .9 99.6 163.3 163.1 199.9 126.1 71.5 1.j 2. .4 _1 32.4 121.0 246.6 100.8 124.8 84.2 16 17 18 18 20 22 23 25 27 31 35 39 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 1.2 48. 29.5 138.00 .7 86.2 99.4 60.7 156.3 123.4 164.0 240.0 117.7 165.6 118.50 1.1 173.8 173.0 284.8 88.5 140.5 87.7 71.5 105.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 31 LARGE O.2 95.9 43.0 92.8 60.8 222.3 101. For General Notes on 'welding.6 77.9 1 125.8 176.9 67.3 177.2 71.5 106.3 112.0 89.7 76.0 59.00 I j .00 2.8 317.4 43.4 | 2.1 119.0 251.0 107.2 79.4 176.4 45. 23.75 2.4 66.6 234.25 1.5 140.1 39.1 95.0 314.0 227.7 78.0 122.9 155.7 92.8 132.0 115.3 62.2 207.8 88.1 45.2 107.2 130.2 65.6 199.5 112.5 52.8 54.4 61.7 145.7 118.2 51.0 352.9 208.2 183.12.

7 2.6 -- 5.8 -- -- -- 3.3 -- 3.1 30.7 2.6 10.32 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION Labor for Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.7 -- 8.2 --.1 52.9 .4 2.6 6.2 6 3.5 42.4 2. 14 OD 11.4 21.4 24. 5.4 58.0 50..4 16. — -- -- -- -- -- Pipe Thickness: The wall thickness of the pipe determines the man hours that will apply.8 4 2. 16 OD 16.3 30.3 38.4 — -- 8. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.5 SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 — __ 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 -- 1.0 27._ 1.0 5.7 23.3 20 OD 23. 3.5 19.0 12.1 7.3 -- 1.3 .6 29.6 7.8 — -- -- 2.3 3.5 — 6.6 -- 5.4 15.9 -- -- 4.8 10 6.0 2.7 18 OD 20.5 23.8 3.1 24 OD 31.0 4.0 -- 4.8 16.8 2.7 . For swedged ends on double extra strong pipe thickness..5 - _.5 31.. .3 38.6 20.4 1.0 -- 6.5 42.6 .4 8 5.1 54.5 11.8 29.4 24.2 15.3 36. 10.1 -- -- __ 2.5 17.6 1.1 13.5 33. Ends: All man hours are based on ends being furnished either plain or beveled for welding.8 10.0 7.5 18.6 10. 3.7 14.2 -- _. use Schedule 160 man hours.8 2.0 — -- 13.4 11.0 50.8 22.6 5.1 32.3 5 3.4 1.9 37.8 _.7 65.1 3 3-1/2 1.2 16.3 — -- — -- 12 8.3 36.0 2.5 43. Extra Standard Heavy Pipe Pipe &OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick 1/2" Thick 2 2-1/2 1.

3 6.9 2.1 6.6 1.2 20 OD 30.3 85.3 -- 6.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 33 ECCENTRIC SWEDGED ENDS Labor for Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins. 38.2 .5 -- 6 4.0 „ -.8 49. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.7 68.5 __ 140 160 _.2 34..7 3.2 34. Standard Extra Pipe Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 -- 1. 2.9 2.4 4.„ __ 16 OD 23.6 11.3 18 OD 27.2 44.2 72.5 2 2-1/2 1.6 17.8 38.4 16. 1 40.6 -- — .0 2.5 5. .9 -- 6.3 30.2 8.1 13.4 17.2 6.9 21.0 21..7 -- 1.0 18.5 — -- Pipe Thickness: The wall thickness of the pipe determines the man hours that will apply.2 ..1 12.3 -- -- 3.3 24 OD 43._ 76.3 2.1 -- 54.3 31.5 69..5 27.0 4.6 17.1 8.1 -.7 5 3.5 51.9 _._ 11. For swedged ends on double extra strong pipe thickness.9 37.2 -- -- 4._ .7 27.4 26.5 -- — _.2 14 OD 16.3 .5 -- 3 3-1/2 2.5 27.2 23. 3.8 43.1 23.8 3.5 53.2 9.2 10.6 L7 1.1 13.7 8. 3.4 10 8.3 58.0 27.5 43.5 30.8 3.9 11.7 20.0 12.2 48.3 -- 4 2. 8 6.1 8. -- 2.5 46. 6. use Schedule 160 man hours. Ends: All man hours are based on ends being furnished either plain or beveled for welding.4 25. -.2 . — -- -- _.0 2.5 58.2 -- 10..3 -- 2.2 6..6 16.2 5.7 17.8 12 11.

9 SCHEDULE NUMBERS XX Hy.9 .. All sizes of butt welds shown below the ruled lines are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved. 1 1.0 3.0 24. Where stress relieving is required. Unlisted Sines: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.. See man hours for stress relieving. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.5 10.. i2 11.5 2 2-1/2 1.2 10.5 .1 1.3 47.0 __ 3.8 18.3 1.1 -- 8.0 19.9 2.9 26..6 16.2 67. 1 5.9 5.7 49. an extra charge should be made. 5. saddle. specified or required by Codes.S. 8.6 10 3. 2.0 16. if the end closure involves a circumferential weld. Code of Pressure Piping where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.7 44.3 8.3 35.1 12 4.8 8.6 18 6.3 . add for this operation. 1 1.7 10. __ 2.5 .9 2.5 11.7 -- _.6 36.6 13.8 18.8 4 1._ 4.0 3.9 __ 8 3.6 9.0 2. 1 19.3 .5 2.5 57. -- -- -_ __ 1.4 20 16. Preheating: If. 12. or flat plate type.. -- -- 2. orange peel.6 1.4 1.6 13. or 160 40 60 80 100 120 140 0.6 .3 1. A.5 60.9 .0 2.9 25.1 37. Standard Pipe & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick Extra Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes 1/2" Thick 1-1/2 0.4 __ — 1.3 1.. Pipe Size Ins.8 0.6 12.4 39.8 -- 0.2 14.6 1.­ 10.7 30.3 40.9 5.0 3.8 17.6 7.0 __ __ -__ -- 3. 1 1.2 1.2 2.1 8O.8 2.2 8.1 4. Construction: End closures as such are shop fabricated closures.3 2.7 6.1 .34 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION All Labor Carbon Steel Materials NET MAN HOURS EACH Nora.3 6.5 22.8 .0 8.0 7.5 28.6 5 6 1.7 27.9 32.8 7.3 1.0 1..1 -- 4. .4 12.9 19.2 14 5.8 14.9.. 6. See man hours for pre­ heating.2 20. 6.0 . For double extra strong pipe thickness use Schedule 160 man hours. 1 3 3-1/2 1.9 27.6 Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of pipe determines the man hours that will apply.7 6. 24 9.

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

H

35

SU

sCarbon Steel Material

NET MAN HOURS EACH
WrZIAI~
THICKNESS I?;
1.00

,750

f .25

1.50

1.75

I

8.1
9.8
15.7
16.5
22.3
I
_

-

__
40.4
5tj.O
56.4
75.0
83.7
90.3
99.3
108.3

12
14
Iti

18
20

22
24

20

22
24

- 4.75180.8

~5.00

1:u.9
145.0

125.0
137.6
150.1

3.25

-

58.6
59.1
78.5
87.6
94.5
104.0
113.4
5.25
129.4
142.4
155.4

2.225

2-50

4.25

-1. .50

-_

__

3.00

-

21.9
23.0
31.2
43.2
49 .t3
58.0
64.6
69.7
76.7
83.7

I

’10

2.0

3.50

-

($1.2
f j 1.H

3.75

-

64 .ti

8-5.7

82.0
91.5

115.6

108.7
llX.5
5.50

103.2
113.6
123.8
5.75

98.8

133.3
146.7
160.1

137.3
151.1
lli4.9

4.00
I
_

I

437.6
89.6
99.9
107.8
118.7
129.4

-_

--

__

I

__

112.1
128.4
134.6

6.00

141.4
155.6
169.8

C o ~ t s t ~ u r f i mEnd
t closures ah such a r e sholj fabriuatetl closures; or.ange p 4 , saddle, or f l a t pl&e type
Pveltecttiwg. If spwified or required by code, add for this operation. See man hours for preheating.
Stws.s Reliewirrg: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material ia required by the A.S.A.Code of I’ressure Piping

here the waIl thickness ih

~ 4 or

greater.

All the ahrive butt weltlh are k”or greater and must he stress rrlic~vet.l,if end closure involvw a aretirnfermtiai
MPl<l.

36

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

LARGE O.D. PIPE END CLOSURES—PRESSURE
TYPE
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH

O.D.
Pipe
In.

WALL THICKNESS IN.

.375

.500

.750

28.2
29.8
31.3
32.6
33.9
35.1
36.3
37.8
39.3
40.6
42.0
43.4
46.4
49.6
2.25

34.5
36.4
38.3
39.9
41.5
42.9
44.4
46.2
48.1
49.7
51.4
53.1
56.7
60.7

45.1
48.3
50.9
53.0
55.1
57.0
59.0
61.4
63.9
66.0
68.3
70.5
75.3
80.6

2.50

2.75

3.00

3.25

3.50

3.75

4.00

26
28
30
32
34
36

97.2
104.4
109.8
114.4
118.9
123.0

105.8
113.6
119.5
124.5
129.4
133.8

113.1
121.4
127.7
133.1
138.3
143.0

120.3
12!). 2
135.9
141.6
147.2
152.2

128.7
138.2
145.4
151.5
157.5
162.9

134.9
144.8
152.4
158.8
165.1
170.1

141.4
151.8
159.7
166.4
173.0
178.3

148.2
159.1
167.4
174.4
181.3
186.9

4.25

4.50

4.75

5.00

5.25

5.50

5.75

26
28
30
32
34
36

154.3
165.6
174.3
181.6
188.7
194.6

160.6
172.4
181.4
189.0
196.4
202.6

167.2
179.5
188.8
196.7
204.5
210.9

172.9
185.6
195.2
203.4
211.5
218.1

178.8
191.9
201.8
210.3
218.7
225.5

184.9
198.4
208.7
217.5
226.1
233.2

191.2
205.1
215.8
224.9
233.8
241.1

6.00
196.6
210.8
221.8
231.2
240.3
247.9

26
28
30
32

34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
54
60

j

1.00
55.1
59.1
62.3
64.8
67.4
69.7
72.2
75.1
78.1
80.7
83.5
86.2
92.1
98.6

1.25

1.50

64.4
69.1
72.8
75.8
78.8
81.5
84.4
87.8
91.3
94.3
97.6
100.8
107.7
115,3

73.4
78.5
82.7
86.1
89.a
92.6
95.9
99.7
103.7
107.1
110.9
114.5
122.3
131.0

1.75
81.5
87.1
91.7
95.5
99.3
102.7
106.4
110.6
1 1,5.0
118.8
123.0
127.0
135.6
145.3

Construction: End closures as such are shop fabricated closures; orange peel, saddle, or flat plate type.
Preheating: If specified or required by codes, add for this operation. See man hours for preheating.

2.00
89.5
96.1
10 I. I
105.3
109.5
113.3
117.4
122.0
126.8
131.0
135.7
140.1
149.6
160.3

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

37

90° COUPLING WELDS AND SOCKET WELDS
Labor For Cutting And Welding
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH
90 —3000 #
Coupling
Weld

90 — 6000 #
Coupling
Weld

1.4
1.6

1.7
1.9

0.5
0.5

0.5
0.6

1.8
2.1
2.3

2.2
2.5
2.8

0.6
0.8
0.8

0.7
0.9
1.0

2-1/2

2.9
3.4

3.6
4.2

0.9
1.1

1.3
1.4

3

4.0

4.9

1.2

1.7

Pipe
Sizes
Inches
1/2 "or Less
3/4
1

1-1/4
1-1/2
2

SOCKET WELDS
Sch. 100 &
Sch.40&80
Heavier Pipe
Pipe

Man hours shown are for welding of coupling to the O.D. of the pipe only.
If couplings are to be welded to the I.D. of the pipe, add 50% to the above man hours for pipe thickness up to 1 inch,
and an additional 12% for each 1/4 inch or fraction thereof of pipe thickness over 1 inch.
Any coupling welded to pipe heavier than schedule 160 should be man houred as a 6,000 pound coupling.
For couplings welded at angles from 45" to less than 90° and couplings attached to fittings increase above man
hours 50%.
For couplings welded at angles less than 45% increase above man hours 759J.
Socket welds do not include cut. See respective man hour table for this charge.

38

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

'OLET TYPE WELDS
Labor For Cutting And Welding
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH
NOMINAL PIPE SIZE

Standard
Weight
And 2000*

Extra Strong
And
3000#

Greater Than
Extra Strong
And6000#

Outlet

Header

1/2
3/4

All Sizes
All Sizes

1.3
1.6

1.7
1.9

2.2
2.6

1

All Sizes
All Sizes
All Sizes

1.8
2.0
2.6

2.2
2.5
3.2

2.9
3.3
4.3

2-1/2

All Sizes
All Sizes

3.4
4.0

4.2
5.1

5.6
6.7

3

All Sizes

4.6

5.9

9.2

4

All Sizes

6.1

7.4

9.8

5

All Sizes

6.9

8.1

11.9

6

All Sizes

7.6

8.6

13.9

8

All Sizes

8.4

9.2

16.4

10

All Sizes

11.8

16.9

26.3

12

All Sizes

16.5

19.6

38.9

14
14

14" and 16"
18" And Larger

20.7
18.4

23.0
20.7

46.9
51.0

16
16

16" and 18"
20" and Larger

24.7
21.8

26.4
23.8

61.2
66.3

18
18

18" and 20"
24" and Larger

29.3
25.8

32.1
28.4

79.1
85.2

20
20

20" and 24"
26" and Larger

35.6
31.0

39.0
34.7

87.8
94.6

24
24

24" and 26"
28" and Larger

54.5
45.9

63.7
55.1

105.3
113.5

1-1/4
1-1/2
2

Man hours are based on the outlet size and schedule except when the run schedule is greater than the outlet
schedule, in which case the man hours are based on the outlet size and run schedule.
For elbolet or latrolet welds, and weldolets, threadolets, etc., that are attached to fittings or welded at any angle
other than 90°, add 50% to the above man hours.
For sweepolet attachment welds, add 150% to the above man hours.

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

39

FLAME CUTTING PIPE—PLAIN ENDS
Labor For Straight Pipe Only
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH
Standard
Pipe&
O.D. Sizes
3/8" Thick

Extra Hvy.
Pipe&
O.D. Sizes
1/2" Thick

20

30

40

60

80

100

2" or Less

0.09

0.13

-

-

0.09

..

0.13

2-1/2

0.10

0.15

--

-

0.10

--

3

0.13

0.18

--

..

0.13

4

0.18

0.24

--

0.18

5

0.21

0.31

--

--

0.21

6

0.29

0.38 '

--

--

0.29

8

0.40

0.56

0.40

0.40

10

0.56

0.80

0.56

12

0.61

0.95

14O.D,

0.85

16 O.D.

Pipe
Size
Inches

SCHEDULE NUMBERS
140

160

-

0.18

0.15

--

--

0.20

--

0.18

--

--

0.24

--

0.24

--

0.33

0.36

0.31

--

0.38

...

0.43

--

0.38

--

0.49

--

0.55

0.40

0.51

0.56

0.66

0.75

0.84

0.99

0.56

0.56

0.80

0.86

0.95

1.08

1.24

1.50

0.61

0.61

0.75

1.13

1.19

1.29

1.50

1.66

1.78

1.13

0.85

0.85

1.00

1.25

1.45

1.55

1.70

2.00

2.10

0.95

1.40

0.95

0.95

1.40

1.55

1.65

1.85

2.00

2.25

2.55

18O.D.

1.20

1.70

1.20

1.40

1.70

1.90

2.00

2.25

2.40

2.70

3.15

20 O.D.

1.45

1.90

1.45

1.95

2.10

2.25

2.40

2.65

2.80

3.25

3.70

24 O.D.

2.20

2.80

2.20

2.95

3.10

3.25

3.35

3.65

4.05

4.55

5.15

120

For mitre cuts less than 30°, add 50% to the above man hours.
For mitre cuts 30° or greater, add 100% to the above man hours.
Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling, threading, etc. See appropriate
man hour tables for these operations and time requirements.
For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings, add 50% to the above man hours.

10 8.75 5. ..45 _ „ 5..65 ] 2.25 22..80 7.15 3. .25 21.20 3.00 7..65 10.60 16.45 3.55 7.60 19.25 3.55 8.50 „ - .75 3. . .00 .25 14. „ „ ..40 13..00 16. „ 11.20 5. etc.. add 100% to the above man hours.25 4. threading.. ._ - .10 1..50 4. „ - .65 2.60 .05 10.55 12.25 4.80 0.75 18.35 1.25 5.10 1. „ -- 3..00 3. ..65 6..95 11.65 11.35 1.45 8.85 8.70 8.80 0.75 4.65 2.70 4. add 50% to the above man hours.00 4.60 3.50 5.50 3.95 5. .90 14.05 15.05 9.90 3.60 6. -- — -- 1. „ .95 3. .35 7.65 2.90 5.95 1.20 5.. For mitre cuts 30° or greater.. .45 5. See appropriate man hour tables for these operations and time requirements.00 5.10 6.25 4.90 2.80 6..20 2.30 20.15 For mitre cuts less than 30°.15 2. 1.80 10. .35 7.00 16.85 3.40 18..50 4.55 7.50 9.80 17.00 13.00 17..25 5.50 „ „ .30 12..75 5.05 11.80 13.50 1.35 2.750 1.80 7.70 14.45 9.90 15. -- 1.50 .15 2. 2.60 6. -- -- 3..90 2.75 2.75 6.40 1.00 0.20 .45 8. .25 3...05 „ — -- 1 1.45 0.10 8.40 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION FLAME CUTTING HEAVY WALL PIPE—PLAIN ENDS Labor For Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .25 1.20 5.60 1.65 15..70 4.10 2.45 2.80 . .05 10..30 9.25 2. . -- .65 3.05 4.05 .70 9. add 50% to the above man hours.70 1.35 2..80 15..35 6.90 4. - 6.10 4.55 17. „ .80 7. For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings.85 5.00 4. Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling.90 2.70 2.

00 9.40 10. D.40 11.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 3.05 14.15 13.55 17.65 18.00 18.95 7. For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings.90 10.15 11.30 12.60 10.95 7.85 13.25 5.25 5.50 13.83 15.50 1.70 13.80 7. add 50% to the above man hours.15 22.55 17.50 26.70 13.10 6.80 16.45 7.500 .70 14.15 24.15 8.80 11.35 13.65 5.65 10.00 25.85 8.45 9.35 21.40 6.35 11.10 9.75 14.65 16.75 23.20 12.70 7.85 22.80 10.85 20.D.05 8.00 6.25 15.06 6.00 12.90 7.50 22.00 3.90 14.30 13.40 16.25 11.35 6.40 9.35 13.80 6.05 9.37 5.60 6.95 11.05 16.75 17.35 6.50 15.55 12.30 6.45 9.20 4.75 3.65 11.87 5.10 23.35 9.00 21.95 11.95 7.25 4.35 23.00 1.16 14.20 11.75 12.95 23.05 19.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 41 FLAME CUTTING LARGE O.70 7.10 7.15 13.75 24.30 7.95 13.05 4.50 2.90 7.95 11.18 16.05 5.25 11.25 18. Pipe Inches .30 8.25 15.30 14.45 5.45 7.50 21. add 100%. to the above man hours.00 17.30 10.55 13.45 9.50 12.80 6.20 20.40 10.85 8.25 1.90 13. threading. See appropriate man hour tables for these operations and time requirements.95 13.30 18.50 4.00 15.37 5.50 2.65 6.80 6.90 9.15 12.80 9.45 16.30 8.40 14.60 23.40 12.40 6.20 12.85 10.28 15.63 17.55 25.30 8.25 3.70 9.45 10. PIPE—PLAIN ENDS Labor For Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH O.20 11.55 12.45 7.70 8.15 18.50 5.65 21.40 12.75 12.65 9.30 4. For mitre cuts 30" or greater.80 11.10 14.65 10.62 4.70 9. etc.90 15.65 6.80 18.75 4.25 20. add 50% to the above man hours.85 8.90 10.375 .40 21.750 1. Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling.15 8.85 8.30 17.00 5.85 10. .00 17.15 9.55 8.30 14.65 16.65 14.10 20.55 6.55 7.75 22.90 19.50 4.50 20.20 10.74 16.85 14.15 8.05 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES For mitre cuts less than 30°.75 18.10 6.75 6.37 6.40 21.85 15.87 6.65 11.20 5.35 11.45 8.30 12.75 2.10 6.15 9.45 19.75 5.30 24.25 10.90 10.25 2.75 5.75 24.15 7.50 3.55 22.70 12.65 19.80 9.

42

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

MACHINE CUTTING PIPE—PLAIN ENDS
Labor For Straight Pipe Only
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH
Standard
Pipe&
O, D. Size
3/8" Thick

Extra Hvy.
Pipe&
O.D. Sizes
1/2" Thick

20

30

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

2 "or Less
2-1/2"

0.20
0.22

0.29
0.33

--

--

0.20
0.22

--

0.29
0.33

--

--

--

0.40
0.44

3

0.29

0.40

-

0.29

--

0.40

-

••-

0.53

4

0.40

0.53

--

--

0.40

--

0.53

-

0.73

--

0.80

5

0.47

0.69

--

..

0.47

..

0.69

-

0.84

6

0.64

0.84

--

--

0.64

--

0.84

--

1.09

1.22

8

0.89

1.24

0.89

0.89

0.89

1.13

1.24

1.47

1.67

1.86

2.20

10

1.24

1.78

1.24

1.24

1.24

1.78

1.91

2.11

2.40

2.75

3.33

12

1.35

2.11

1.35

1.35

1.67

2.51

2.64

2.86

3.33

3.69

3.95

14O.D,

1.89

2.51

1.89

1.89

2.22

2.78

3.22

3.44

3.77

4.44

4.66

16O.D,

2.11

3.11

2.11

2.11

3.11

3.44

3.66

4.11

4.44

5.00

5,66

18O.D.

2.66

3.77

2.66

3.11

3.77

4.22

4.44

5.00

5.33

5.99

6.99

20O.D

3.22

4.22

3.22

4.33

4.66

5.00

5.33

5.88

6.22

7.22

8.21

24O.D.

4.88

6.22

4.88

6.55

6.88

7.22

7.44

8.10

8.99

10.10 11.43

Pipe
Sizes
Inches

SCHEDULE NUMBERS

0.95

For mitre cuts less than 30°, add 50% to the above man hours.
For mitre cuts 30° or greater, add 100% to the above man hours.
Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling, threading, etc. See appropriate
man hours tables for these operations and time requirements.
For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings, add 50% to the above man hours.

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

43

MACHINE CUTTING HEAVY WALL PIPE—PLAIN ENDS
Labor For Straight Pipe Only
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH
WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES

Nominal
Pipe
Size

.750

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24

1.00
1.78
..
..
-----

1.78
2.11
2.44
3.00
3.55
--..
..
-


3.00
3.11
3.55
4.22
4.66

-..
--


3.33
3.77
4.22
4.66
5.22
5.88
6.77
-„
---

..
..
4.22
4.77
5.44
5.88
6.33
6.99
8.10
..
---


..
4.77
5.22
5.88
6.44
7.22
7.77
9.32
8.66
11.54
--

..
..
5.99
6.55
7.22
7.99
8.66
10.55
11.54
12.88

10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24

2.75
8.88
9.99
10.99
12.54
14.10
15.54
17.43
19.31

3.00
9.44
10.77
11.88
13.54
15.10
16.76
18.87
20.98

3.25
11.54
12.43
14.54
16.54
18.43
20.09
22.76

3.50
12.43
14.10
15.76
17.87
20.09
22.31
24.86

3.75
..
15.10
17.09
19.31
21.76
24.31
26.20

4.00
..
..
16.54
18.76
21.42
23.64
26.20
29.08

4.25
.„
..
..
-.
..
25.64
28.19
31.75

4.75

5.00

5.25

5.50

5,75

6.00

49.42
32.41
37.52

31.19
34.52
39.52

33.30
36.41
41.96

35.08
38.41
44.40

37.19
40.52
46.62

39.07
42.74
49.17

20
22
24

--

2.50

..
7.66
8.21
8.99
9.88
11.54
12.88
14.54
15.76
17.87

4.50


27.53
30.30
34.74

For mitre cuts less than 30°, add 50% to the above man hours.
For mitre cuts 30° or greater, add 100% to the above man hours.
Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling, threading, etc. see appropriate
man hour tables for these operations and time requirements.
For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings, add 50% to the above man hours.

44

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

CUTTING LARGE O.D. FIFE—PLAIN ENDS
Labor For Straight Pipe Only
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH

O.D,
Pipe
Inches
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
54
60

26
28
30
32
34
36

26
28
30
32
34
36

WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES

.375
7.77
8.99
9.55
10.55
11.54
12.88
14.54
16.21
18.09
20.54
22.98
25.97
29.22
32.46

.500
10.32
11.21
12.10
12.88
14.21
15.43
15.87
18.09
20.65
22.64
24.86
27.31
30.70
34.12

.750
11.66
12.54
13.54
14.21
15.32
16.54
17.87
19.54
21.42
23.64
25.97
28.19
31.70
35.23

1.00
12.54
13.54
14.10
15.10
16.21
17.43
18.76
20.09
21.98
24.31
26.53
29.08
32.72
36.34

1.25
12.88
14.10
14.87
15.76
16.76
18.09
19.31
20.98
22.76
25.31
27.42
29.97
33.70
37.45

1.50
13.54
14.65
15.43
16.54
17.43
18.76
20.20
21.87
23.98
26.09
28.53
30.86
34.70
38.56

1.75
14.10
14.87
15.87
17.09
18.09
19.31
21.31
22.76
24.86
26.97
29.53
32.08
36.08
40.09

2.00
14.54
15.43
16.54
17.43
18.54
19,98
21.98
23.64
25.64
27.86
30.30
32.86
36.96
41.07

2.25

2.50

2.75

3.00

3,25

3.50

3.75

4.00

15.32
16.54
17.43
18.43
19.54
20.65

19.76
20.98
21.98
23.09
24.31
25.31

21.42
21.87
22.64
23.98
25.20
26.20

23.09
23.64
24.31
25.31
26.09
26.97

24.86
25.53
26.64
27.53
28.64
29.52

26.97
27.86
28.75
29.64
30.53
31.75

28.19
29.19
29.97
30.86
31.75
32.97

31.19
31.97
32.97
33.86
34.74
35.96

4.25

4.50

4.75

5.00

5.25

5.50

5.75

6.00

33.86
34.74
35.63
36.74
37.74
38.63

36.74
37.74
38.41
39.52
40.63
41.63

39.41
40.29
41.40
42.29
43.29
44.40

41.96
43.18
44.07
44.96
45.84
47.06

44.62
45.51
46.62
47.51
48.51
49.73

47.40
48.29
49.17
50.17
51.28
52.17

50.06
50.95
51.84
52.73
53.95
54.95

52.73
53.61
54.50
55.50
56.61
57.83

For mitre cuts less than 30", add 50% to the above man hours.
For mitre cuts 30C or greater, add 100% to the above man hours.
Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling, threading, etc. See appropriate
man hour tables for these operations and time requirements.
For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings, add 50% to the above man hours.

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

45

FLAME BEVELING PIPE FOR WELDING
"V" TYPE BEVELS
Labor For Straight Pipe Only
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH
Pipe
Size
Inches

Standard
Pipe&
O.D. Sizes
3/8" Thick

Extra Hvy.
Pipe&
O.D. Sizes
1/8" Thick

SCHEDULE NUMBERS
20

2" Or Less
2-1/2"

0.07
0-08

0.10
0.12

3

0.10

0.14

4

0.14

0.19

5

0.17

0.24

-

6

0.23

0.30

-

8

0.32

0.44

10

0.44

12

30

--

40

60

80

100

0.07
0.08

.-

0.10
0.12

--

..

140

160

0.14
0.16

0.14

0.10

-

120

-

i 0.19

0.14

-

0.19

--

0.26

0.28

0.17

-

0.24

--

0,30

0,34

--

0.23

-

0.30

0.39

0.43

0.32

0.32

0.32

0.40

0.44

0.52

0.59

0.63

0.44

0.44

0.44

0.63

0.68

0.75

0.83

0.48

0.75

0.48

0.48

0.59

0.89

0.94

1.03

--

14O.D,

0.67

0.89

0.67

0.67

0.79

0.98

1.14

-

..

j

160.D.

0.75

1.10

0.75

0.75

1.10

1.22

1.35

-

18O.D.

0.94

1.34

0.94

1.10

1.34

1.50

--

--

j

20 O.D.

1.14

1.50

1.14

1.54

1.65

1.82

-

--

240.D.

1.73

2.20

1.73

2.32

2.44

0.65

..

.,

_L

For mitre bevels add 50% to the above man hours.
Above man hours are for flame "V" beveling only and do not include cutting or internal machining. See respective
man hour tables for these charges.
For beveling on the ends of bends or shop trimmed fittings, add 50% to the above man hours.
The above man hours are for wall thicknesses of 7/8" or less. For wall thicknesses greater than 7/8" refer to man
hours on following pages.

46

Section One-SHOP FABRICATION

MACHINE BEVELING PIPE FOR WELDING
"U" Type, "V" Type And Double-Angle Bevels
Labor For Straight Pipe Only
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH
Pipe
Size
Inches

Standard
Pipe&
O.D. Sizes
3/8" Thick

Extra Hvy.
Pipe&
O.D. Sizes
1/2 "Thick

20

30

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

2" Or Less
2-1/2"

0.33
0.34

0.36
0.37

..
--

..
--

0.33
0.34

..
--

0.36
0.37


-

..

..
--

0.87
0.91

3

0.36

0.39

--

--

0.36

--

0.39

-

--

..

0.93

4

0.39

0.42

..

-

0.39

--

0.42

--

0.72

0.99

5

0.40

0.50

--

--

0.40

0.78

1.06

6

0.46

0.59

--

..

0.46

--

0.59

--

0.83

8

0.63

0.91

0.63

0.63

0.63

0.81

0.91

1.05

1.18

SCHEDULE NUMBERS

0.50

L

10

0.91

1.26

0.91

0.91

0.91

1.26

1.36

12

0.97

1.50

0.97

0.97

1.18

1.77

14O.D.

1 .34

1.77

1.34

1.34

1.57

16 O.D.

1.50

2.20

1.50

1.50

18O.D.

1.89

2.68

1.89

20 O.D,

2.28

2.99

240.D.

3.46

4.41

..

1 16

1.32

1.87

2.83

1.87

1.69 12.34

2.03 1 2.83 3.14

3.35

1.97

2.28

2.93

3.21

3.78

3.97

2.20

2.44

2.60

3.50

3.78

4.25

4.82

2.20

2.68

2.99

3.21

4.25

4.54

5.10

5.95

2.28

3.07

3.31

3.54

4.54

5.01

5.29

6.14

6.99

3.46

4.65

4.88

6.14

6.33

6.90

7.65

8.60

9.73

1.50

.|

For bevels on the ends of bends or shop trimmed fittings, or mitre bevels, add 50% to the above man hours.
For "lip" bevels, add 50% to the above man hours.
For rolled down "lip" bevels, add 75% to the above man hours.
Above man hours are for machine beveling only and do not include cutting or internal machining. See respective
man hour tables for these charges.
All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line have a wall thickness greater than 7/8" and must have U-type or double
angle bevels in accordance with ANSI and ASME codes for pressure piping. Sizes above the ruled line are 7/8" wall
thickness or less. The man hours shown above the ruled line are for bevels as required for inert arc root pass
welding.

2.09 4.80 14.75 4.06 8.57 1.39 21.50 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 1.62 17.87 16..60 9. -- ..94 10. 14.11 6.91 5.84 „ -- 2..89 2. „ 4.61 6. -.02 „ „ „­ .10 22.31 8.25 2.71 11.00 8.73 1.96 3..70 1.50 .00 4.17 24..67 6.91 21.69 18..46 11.39 10.14 2.89 10.75 6. - .72 5..10 5. ..29 2..70 10.20 19..91 4..50 -- „ „ .04 5.00 17.65 2.55 7.86 1.50 „ 6.59 3.54 1.99 26. .74 7.14 11.. 1.31 .. 3.42 14.72 4. of pages .75 16.14 3. .. 15.40 12.00 18.87 .96 5.96 3. 1.34 3. -- 1.35 6..46 22.16 13.34 3.39 10.91 1. .60 9.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 47 BEVELING HEAVY WALL PIPE FOR WELDING "IT Type Or Double Angle Bevels Labor For Straight Rpe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size .06 8.55 16.80 25.09 4.66 14.50 .66 5.96 12.54 4.65 4. .57 ..91 5.40 12.60 „ - —-2. -- .98 6.02 2.50 5.750 1.65 12.29 5.51 10.55 -- 3.81 19.90 20.29 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES 2. .00 18.55 7.34 3.. .25 1. 7.39 2.71 2.25 4.65 .75 2.43 For General Notes.97 4...35 13.41 5.35 4.55 7.25 5.45 and Mi.25 9.70 19.25 8.76 2. .59 22.09 3.69 8.00 —.24 7..82 9.95 .00 3.98 6.71 3.39 2.00 8.40 3.61 1.20 21.75 3.66 23. 9. see the bottom.12 8.25 27.94 10.00 1..11 „ 8.25 5. -.

22 19. .25 3.47 13.42 21.65 7.52 11.96 12.89 10.32 8.34 12.51 18.20 9.93 31.69 8.56 17.85 21.16 12.50 2.38 9.31 2.44 4.57 5.14 21.41 4.33 18.34 8.00 8.14 18.03 8.00 1.85 21.91 12.59 8.75 4.62 16.40 3.44 9.20 18.76 8.28 4.48 6.00 8.63 22.31 8.23 10.41 28.65 11.82 9.91 28.85 13.90 27. D.49 22.27 10.70 18.42 13.65 20.93 30.53 7.50 1.70 21.96 11.80 22.89 10.00 24.00 19.46 11.31 16.02 18.69 9.92 14.92 20.96 27.75 5.13 4.39 9.21 11.51 10.42 29.33 6.02 26.43 30.81 16.57 9.25 1.50 5.97 4.39 9.82 5.41 13.70 10.47 13.36 12.00 5.28 8.10 13.23 10.12 15.77 3.75 3.00 2.92 14.04 5.81 17.50 4.25 16.75 6.25 4.52 26.93 30.40 12.10 12.31 14.41 27.98 23.47 13.46 26.71 19.50 24.375 . PIPE FOR WELDING Labor For Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES OJD.95 9.02 11.01 19.750 1.37 22.58 20.00 8.43 7.44 8.70 10.91 12.25 8.22 19.62 31.81 16.11 14.500 .87 13.36 14.89 10.76 9.22 26.01 9.48 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION BEVELING LARGE O.42 14.61 14.92 29.00 16.51 19.55 15.11 29. Pipe Inches 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 FLAME CUT "V" BEVELS MACHINE CUT "V" OR DOUBLE ANGLE BEVELS .19 17.43 23.50 32.82 17.76 15.18 3.76 6.00 3.81 24.80 14.32 16.89 8.42 21.65 11.13 32.91 12.30 14.72 20.69 8.04 5.48 29.27 10.75 2.38 11.21 20.53 28.57 17.61 14.49 15.31 15.39 9.01 25.08 6.64 7.01 17.92 20.83 26.28 12.41 12.36 15.87 23.45 0.89 10.61 28.33 25.81 15.00 8.02 16.93 7.71 25.86 6. see the bottom of pages k<> and 46'.11 15.80 14.80 15.72 11.06 23.54 3.76 18.26 7.17 5.10 4.12 7.23 20.10 13.06 16.13 4.76 9.65 3.75 4.82 For General 'Notes.57 25.51 25.47 12.71 17.16 9.20 23.19 29.25 2.25 5.57 5.51 18.09 11.50 3.

25 0.59 0.73 2.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 49 THREADING PIPE—INCLUDING CUT Labor for Cutting and Threading Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Standard Pipe& O. -- - 0. .49 -- 0. 3.09 3.07 2.. 2. For threading the ends of bends.75 1.56 1.39 1..25 0. 0..82 10 Pipe Size Inches SCHEDULE NUMBERS 140 160 „ - 0. 0.49 .36 0. .36 .71 4.26 1.55 1.75 2. 1.13 - .69 3...36 4 0.09 .D.17 0.50 3..23 ..49 5 0.14 1.82 0..59 - 20 O.17 1.00 " 1.25 0.14 0.51 3.72 7.82 0..22 5. 0..00 4.40 -- . 0..87 3. -- 0.46 2... 24O.09 12 1.51 2.71 14O. For shop make-on of screwed fittings use 50% of the above man hours.14 3.79 2.26 3.09 3.36 0.13 6.92 2. 0.91 .51 3.23 0. 1.51 3. Sizes 3/8 "Thick Extra Hvy.75 2.46 . 4..36 -- 0. Above man hours are for die cut IPS pipe threads only.07 1..50 - . add 100% to the above man hours.D.07 1.13 4.17 1. 0..82 1.00 3.71 4.59 0.D.D.56 1.D.26 2.02 1.17 1.81 5.50 3..01 2.00 4.39 5.66 6 0.51 16O.66 -- 0.17 0.84 4.61 3. 3 0. .19 2.79 8 0.50 6.46 0.79 . 2.D.71 -- 0.34 .34 „ .50 2.33 2.01 2..17 1.30 2.25 0. 18O.76 0. .D.00 4.39 6. Pipe& O.30 1.75 2.01 2.30 1. Sizes 1/2 "Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 2 " or less 2-1/2 0.14 1.92 3..77 .

1 1-3/4 007 0. add 175% to the above man hours.06 1 0 04 0.24 0. If preheating is required. etc. perpendicular to contoured surface.28 0.04 3/4 004 0.44 2.27 1.2 2 008 0.1/2" 0.08 1-1/4 0 06 0. For drilling holes in pipe or other contoured objects.93 1.46 0.59 0.59 0.41 0. If holes are to be tapped—Add 33-1/3%.18 1. For drilling holes in pipe or other contoured objects. anchors.2 Thickness of Plate. Man hours do not include machining of bases.03 I/ 2" or less 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 1-3/4 2 2-1/2 3 Unlisted thicknesses of plate or sizes of holes take the next higher listing.1 1-1/2 0 06 0. . add 100% to the above man hours. etc.68 0.01 1. Drilling of Sentinel.73 0. Unlisted thicknesses take the next higher listing.84 0.78 4 1. 1-1/2" and 2" 2.51 0.93 1. oblique to contoured surface. 1" and 1-1/8" 1-1/4". Inch Fillet Welding per Lin.10 1.59 0.46 0.01 1. supports.46 0.1/4" and 2.41 0.68 0.76 0. Inch 1/2 or less 004 0.41 0.39 0.93 0.36 0.72 0.50 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION WELDED CARBON STEEL ATTACHMENTS NET MAN HOURS PER LINEAL INCH ** Layout and Flame Cutting per Lin. The above man hours are for drilling holes in flat carbon steel plate and structural shapes only. Safety or Tell Tale holes will be charged at . Angles Etc.10 1. add 100% to the above man hours.35 3-1/2 0.84 0.05 man hours.26 0. lugs. in Inches HOLE SIZE 3/4" and Smaller 7/8".24 0.28 0.52 1.59 0.33 0.20 0.46 0. DRILLING HOLES IN WELDED ATTACHMENTS Carbon Steel Material MAN HOURS EACH Thickness of Plates.76 0.33 0. Inches **Figure labor on basis of total lineal inches to be cut and fillet welded.

2 18 OD 1.2 10 1.0 1.7 0.4 0.4 0.1 HOD 1.1 1. Nos.6 0.7 4 0.7 5 0. 120.8 6 0.8 14 2.8 24 7. For machining the ends of bends add 100% to the above man hours. Nos. at the ends with weld metal and grinding where it is necessary for proper fit of backing rings. See respective tables for these charges. to 100 Inclusive Double Extra Strong & Sch.9 1.6 16 OD 1.3 1.7 24 OD 2.5 3 3-1/2 0.4 0.3 10 1. bends or fittings.4 0.5 0.4 18 3.9 8 0. Built-UpEnds: Man hours for built-up ends are for building up the I.8 5 0.7 3 3-1/2 0.6 2 or less 2-1/2 0.9 6 0. of straight pipe. 140 & 160 Size Inches Net Man Hours per End 2 or less 2-1/2 0. add 225% to the above man hours.6 4 0.5 12 2.1 Machining: Man hours for machining the inside of straight pipe are for any taper bore from 10° through 30° included angle. add 50% to the above man hours.7 12 1.9 3.6 0.7 0. Cutting and Beveling: Man hours do not include cutting and beveling.D.6 0.1 2. For machining to a controlled "C" dimension (as required for power piping critical systems).9 20 OD 2.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 51 MACHINING INSIDE OF PIPE Built-Up-Ends Carbon Materials Only Built Up Ends on Inside Diameter of Pipe and Fittings with Weld Metal to Provide for Specified Outside Diameter of Machined Backing Ring Machining Inside of Pipe Net Man Hours per End Size Inches Standard Extra Strong & Sch.8 2.1 8 1.6 0.1 16 3. .9 20 4. For counterboring (up to a maximum of 2" in length).5 2.

58 6.34 56.82 8.39 12.58 34 5.68 9.71 9.01 to 4.27 7.88 28 4.25 2. PIPE Built-Up Ends Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER END Machining Inside of Straight Pipe Only I.26 to 3.49 5.67 46 10.36 13.49 10. See respective tables for these charges.03 4. For counterboring (up to a maximum of 2" in length).73 93.59 48.41 11.57 12.28 14. Pipe Size Inches .D.86 60 14.D. of straight pipe. Build-Up with Weld Metal O.76 83.02 7.25 9.70 44 9. add 50% to the above man hours.27 7. Cutting and Beveling: Man hours do not include cutting and beveling.26 32 4.78 14.03 15.27 35.13 8.83 5. add 225% to the above man hours.00 3.25 13.81 13.32 11.29 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES Machining: Man hours for machining the inside of straight pipe are for any taper bore from 10" through 30' included angle.39 12.50 4.69 19.70 12.74 4.47 11.50 1.75 6.36 42 8.500 to 1.03 65.37 10.18 6.60 17.00 Man Hours Per End 26 3.00 48 11.43 54 12.40 40 7.80 10.51 to 2.89 74.15 7.51 to 6.90 41.70 29.49 5.31 16. at the ends with weld metal and grinding where it is necessary for proper fit of backing rings.52 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION MAdHNING INSIDE OF LARGE O.67 36 6.18 23. For machining the ends of bends add 100% to the above man hours.02 7.25 14.22 10.41 11.63 9.70 104.35 6.94 15. bends or fittings.00 11.82 8.75 7.24 15. .92 17.95 5.84 8.15 15.27 12. For machining to a controlled "C" dimension (as required for power piping critical systems).39 13.D.63 10.76 9. Built-Up Ends: Man hours for built-up ends are for building up the I.50 8.D.24 30 4.55 10.23 14.31 38 7.55 19.

0 14.3 32 .Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 53 BORING INSIDE DIAMETER OF PIPE AND INSTALLING STRAIGHTENING VANES NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size Inches Boring I.7 28.0 31.2 108.7 11.5 25.3 6.3 87.7 76. Man hours for installing straightening vanes are based on installing vanes in pipe where boring the I.8 28 -- 33.D.1 40 -- 72.0 18 37.7 12 21.4 119. 30.6 5 99 7.4 9.0 20 48.3 16 30.3 18. If boring I.. add boring man hours as shown above.7 16.0 25. .5 26 .0 16.8 10.1 14 25.2 42 -- 79.5 24 67.2 20.3 9.1 12.9 58.0 10 17.9 21.9 22.4 45.D.8 17. of pipe is required or specified.D.6 50.7 13.6 38. of Pipe Carbon Steel Installing Straightening Vanes Alloy Carbon Steel 4 8.4 11.2 98.9 8 14.2 36 -- 58.7 30 -- 38.2 Man hours for boring I. 45.. only include boring pipe for a length of four times nominal pipe size.D.7 34 -- 50.1 6 11.0 67. of pipe is not required.5 38 -- 65.

6 40 339. and any other labor operation or non-destructive testing operation required for the butt weld.4 28 160.D.6 239..4 302.4 5 35.0 36 270.0 12 60.8 46.D. butt weld.0 32 210.7 41. Inches Flow Nozzles Carbon Alloy Steel 4 32.9 144.4 268.9 14 O. See respective tables for these charges.7 188.2 70.2 10 53.1 113. 65. 94.4 386..8 53.3 42 380. add for the bevels.8 8 46.4 61.4 26 140.1 6 39.2 211.2 87.9 18 O.54 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION INSTALLING FLOW NOZZLES Holding Ring Type Carbon Steel and Alloy Materials NET MAN HOURS EACH Pipe Size Inches Flow Nozzles Carbon Alloy Steel Pipe O.3 168.1 467.3 20 O.6 34 240.8 77.D. Man hours include internal machining and nozzle installation.4 16O.7 .0 342. 83.7 99. 118. 74. 24O.D.9 38. butt weld preheat.3 -- „ .D. .D.1 30 184.3 38 303. For installing welding type flow nozzles.

7 4. -- 0.2 0.3 .7 4. add 100% to the above man hours. 0.1 -- 1.6 2.8 .3 6. 0.1 1.9 . - 0.5 -- 0.8 1.6 - 0.9 SCHEDULE NUMBERS 140 160 Pipe Thickness: The wall thickness of the material determines the man hours that will apply.2 3.1 1.4 0.1 4. but not exceeding 600°F.. or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up To 400 °F.4 .2 3.1 1.8 -- - 0.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 55 PREHEATING BUTT WELDS AND ANY TYPE OP FLANGE WELDS Labor Only Carbon Steel.1 6.4 6.9 20 OD 2.4 . -- 0..5 1. use Schedule 160 man hours.9 5. Standard Pipe & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick Extra Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes 1/2 "Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 2 2-1/2 0.4 0.6 . For preheating of double extra strong material..2 18 OD 2.5 1.8 0.9 2.2 5.5 1400 1...6 5. add 50% to above man hours.8 4.6 -- . Preheating: For preheating to temperatures above 400°F.3 0.6 7.4 2.7 0.1 1..3 1.6 1.3 9.1 1.6 1.3 1. -- .6 0.5 4. -- 0.2 7.9 2.8 5 0.2 12 1.3 0..3 12.2 3. .3 0. „ -- 0.5 5.8 0.8 1.4 8.6 3. Mitre Welds: For preheating of mitre welds.5 0.9 2.5 2.4 10.9 6 0.1 5.3 7.5 0..7 .2 3..2 0.8 3.1 0.0 3.9 24 OD 3.1 1..2 8.4 „ -- „ -- 0.0 2.8 1.1 4.4 0.5 .6 2.9 11.9 1.5 1.7 7. 0.6 3. NET MAN HOURS EACH -­ Size Ins.3 1.6 3. Man Hours: Man hours for preheating are additional to charges for welding operations.5 .8 9.2 2.. 0.1 10 1.5 0.6 1.5 3.4 0.9 -- 1.6 0.8 - 0.1 1. 0.8 4 0.8 3.3 8 0.4 5.3 2.7 2.2 4.9 6.9 8.6 16 OD 1.5 4.0 2.5 3.5 3 3-1/2 0.8 0..9 2..7 1.0 2.

3 1.3 9.5 3.7 32.5 For General Notes..1 3.. „ 20.5 24.0 13.2 16..75 5.75 2.4 12.2 6. .9 14.9 6.8 11.2 23.6 1.0 12.3 7.3 6.00 5.0 7.6 13.5 „ .5 20...5 14.5 .3 8. see the bottom of page 55.3 3.8 4.8 27.4 24.0 17.2 15. .9 7.8 8..6 30..00 3.2 29.8 10.8 18.7 8.50 1.4 2. - „ 1.9 33.4 15.3 22.3 23.7 8.6 14.9 3.2 21. NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .1 2.0 1. 8.25 6.5 10.7 5. 11.00 2. -- 2.4 7.7 10.6 5..4 17..1 5. -- .1 8. 1.56 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION PREHEATING HEAVY WALL PIPE BUTT WELDS LABOR ONLY Carbon Steel or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up to 400 °F.9 .. .25 ..6 30.50 .1 9.2 11.75 3.8 .0 „ 8.2 ..6 ..0 28.. 2.50 1. „ LOO 1..9 3.0 28.7 4..8 4.6 24.4 18.7 3. „ 21.1 2.2 .7 25.25 5.5 14.7 9.00 4.4 11..2 29. .9 1.1 16.0 2.8 11.4 16.7 26.5 1.6 15. „ 2.4 15.50 5.2 28..9 — .6 6.7 2.1 4.7 19.75 4.9 20.9 18.8 2. -- .8 27..00 22.0 2.3 4.50 3.4 21. - . 2.25 1. - .25 3._ „ .4 12. „ .8 2.9 11.4 15.3 .5 26.4 23..8 19.5 „ 11.6 16..75 6.0 5. 4.8 6.750 0.0 13.9 27..5 -..

9 31.9 30.5 17.5 13.0 44.2 33.2 12.1 11.2 17.4 27.75 2.75 5.6 47.9 53.7 39. PIPE BUTT WELDS AND ANY TYPE FLANGE WELDS Carbon Steel Material For Temperatures Up to 400°F.7 27.5 41.6 18.2 30.6 8.2 48.1 9.5 36.2 30.8 14.9 38.5 24.7 4.3 13.9 32.8 45.3 28.6 11.8 8.1 42.9 34.4 18.2 37.9 8.0 32.4 15.6 25.5 45.1 22.0 24.0 26.25 1. Pipe Inches .7 37.9 24.4 43. NET MAN HOURS EACH WA LLTHICKN ESS IN INCHES O.D.8 20.0 13.3 2.3 38.3 22.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 57 PREHEATING LARGE O.0 32.8 38.50 5.4 12.5 10.0 42.8 24.00 5.0 28.7 36.7 43.3 31.2 28.9 16.7 34.0 10.3 48.4 29.4 23.0 23.5 17.6 15.2 13.6 15.6 47.00 3.6 27.5 18.8 14.3 24.8 22.4 33.50 3.1 45.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 6.1 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 For General Notes.9 31.5 21.9 21.00 4.6 29.0 7.3 28.9 14.1 45.50 2.5 41.4 35.3 35.7 21.0 10.5 17.7 14.8 26.1 42.75 6.6 11.2 27.3 39.5 51.0 13.9 34.0 53.7 9.25 19.9 16.50 4.8 28.8 33.3 15.8 18.50 1.0 29.3 49.6 43.9 46.3 21.0 22.9 12.7 12.00 34.6 33.4 11.25 3.5 16.750 1.3 34.1 26.7 47.8 43.9 7.4 7.5 9.7 24.3 23.3 16.8 12.1 27.0 47.6 36.25 5.4 19.6 19.6 39.4 38.6 48.5 16.4 30.0 37.4 25.8 24.0 11.6 21.8 32.7 50.8 39.7 44.5 39.6 19.7 13. .00 2.0 28.5 31.75 3.0 19.500 or less .3 37.3 35.9 41.2 7.0 25.8 36.2 40.7 9. see the bottom of page 55.9 13.0 11.2 9.4 10.3 41.4 14.7 32.6 15.2 41.2 10.9 24.5 24.8 17.6 14.9 43.00 1.0 29.0 39.4 23.7 40.5 7.75 4.D.1 21.4 46.1 8.7 35.7 28.9 26.8 26.2 11.9 30.0 47.2 10.5 21.3 20.4 19.

.0 8. - — - .5 10 1.2 8. 1.. Standard Pipe & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick Extra Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes 1/2 "Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2 2-1/2 0.9 .5 0.1 11.0 3.8 4.8 2.6 12..6 -- - 1. For reinforced 45° nozzle welds.4 5.8 4..6 3.4 5.6 3.8 3 3-1/2 0..4 „ 1.9 3.2 2.5 0.4 0.5 0.1 7. threadolet or socket welds should be charged at the same man hours as shown for the same size and schedule nozzle.4 1.5 0.9 1..9 -- - 0.6 0.1 2.8 1. Preheating of coupling.8 14.0 6.6 5.0 3.4 0.7 18.5 15..6 SCHEDULE NUMBERS Pipe Thickness: The size of the nozzle and the wall thickness of the header or nozzle (whichever is greater) determines the man hours to be used. - 0.7 1.6 6. For preheating to tempera­ tures above 400 T.3 2.7 - 2.7 1..5 2.9 7.9 10. .4 1.0 3..0 16.7 5.9 5.1 5.8 „ -- .6 10.3 9.2 - 0.6 4.7 8.9 3. or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up to 400 °F NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.6 „ 1. „ -- 0.1 6.4 20 OD 4. 4 0.9 2.1 2.2 8.9 2.8 0.0 16.6 -- 0.9 16 OD 2.58 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION PREHEATING 90° NOZZLE WELDS Carbon Steel.1 -- 1.0 12 2.6 0.0 11.3 2.3 1. -- 0.8 -- 0. add 150% to the above man hours.9 -- 1.5 24 OD 5.5 3.6 13.0 140D 2.6 .2 5. For preheating of double extra strong thickness use schedule 160 man hours.0 5.1 8 1.1 5.2 -- 1.6 7.4 1. add 100% to the above man hours. weldolet.6 „ .7 10.2 13.1 7. For 45° nozzle welds.7 2. add 50% to the above man hours.7 2.5 _.5 3.4 14.6 6 1.1 8.8 0.6 4.2 .8 11. -- 0.3 8.2 3.1 2.4 3.8 2.1 1.7 1.3 6.5 7.6 18 OD 3.8 0.8 . Man hours for preheating are additional to man hours for welding operations. Time: For reinforced 90 ° nozzle welds.4 5 0.4 1.9 5.5 4. -- — -- „ -- 0. but not exceeding 600 °F. add 100% to the above man hours.5 0.9 -- 1.7 3.

NET MAN HOURS EACH O. .0 19.1 48 15.1 25.9 41.6 21.0 54 17.0 19.4 41.9 38 12.8 24.7 15. Time: For reinforced 90° nozzle welds.7 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES Pipe Thickness: The size of the nozzle and the wall thickness of the header or nozzle (whichever is greater) determines the man hours to be used.7 13. 9O° NOZZLE WELDS Carbon Steel.4 31.1 13. Preheatmg of coupling.7 9. Man hours for preheating are additional to man hours for welding operations.2 26. threadolet or socket welds should be charged at the same man hours as shown for the same size and schedule nozzle.00 2.500 .Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 59 PREHEATING LARGE O. or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up to 400 °F.5 14.7 11.3 22.8 10.1 10.9 36.3 18.9 26.75 2.3 21.7 23.9 17.50 1.1 45.8 16.3 23.8 23.3 28.00 1. add 100% to the above man hours.9 13.3 36 11. add 50% to the above man hours.7 11.3 30.2 20.750 1. For reinforced 45 ° nozzle welds.25 26 8.4 12.6 47.8 26. add 100% to the above man hours.4 16.5 21.3 30.1 15.25 1.7 14.D.5 30 9.5 14.5 24.7 17.8 18.0 36.0 20-7 23.9 27. weldolet.2 10.3 12.5 22.9 13.7 18.4 19.1 34. For 45 ° nozzle welds. but not exceeding 600°F.8 52.0 32 9.4 42 13.1 25.D.3 26.3 20.0 58.0 33. Pipe Sizes" .7 52.1 16.5 32.2 9.3 18.1 46.8 60 19.6 19..2 15.8 28.0 41.9 19.9 28 8. add 150% to the above man hours.7 21.1 37.0 40 13.4 17.8 32.7 37.5 17.5 21.0 14.9 29.8 28.6 41.3 34 10. For preheating to temperatures above 400°F.

Pipe Thickness: For Stress relieving butt welds and flange welds. 3.7 7.4 2.4 5.4 6. The stress relieving of butt welds joining valves to fabricated assemblies must be man houred as the man hours covering local stress relieving.0 5.3 2. unless valves have been welded into the assembly.8 7.9 4.6 -- -- 3. 3.3 4.9 3.0 6.8 5.4 „ -- 2.6 5.0 3. For stress relieving nozzle welds.0 4.8 6.6 - 3.6 5.3 4.5 9.6 ..6 3. S.9 4.0 5.9 5.0 .8 8. Man hours shown below the ruled line .2 7.0 6.1 6. .4 2.7 SCHEDULE NUMBERS 120 140 160 .0 3. even though adjacent assemblies can be full furnace stress relieved as a unit. NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins..LOCAL STRESS BELIEVING Gas or Electric Method—Butt Welds—Nozzle Welds or Any Type of Flange Welds Carbon Steel Materials Temperatures to 1400T. or.3 4.7 „ „ .3 2. the wall thickness of the pipe determines the man hours that will apply.3 4.4 2.8 20 OD 5.0 5.7 5.3 4. -- 2. For local stress relieving of double extra strong material.8 1 5.4 Q I/O 4.5 10. 2. use Schedule 160 man hours.6 4.0 12 4.4 7.5 — -- .0 6.2 -- -- 3.4 6. .2 7. the size and thickness of the header to which the nozzle is attached determines the man hours that will apply.6 27 4 2..3 5.3 6..0 6.1 TT MOD 4.6 .2 -- 3. ! 3.2 6.5 4.6 8.0 7.4 5.0 5. classifying them in their applicable groups.2 -- 3.8 7.7 4.6 7.0 -- 3.7 6 3.5 4.6 3.1 8. A.0 6.6 3.8 6.5 3 U it £i 2.5 26 . Code Requirements: All welds in piping materials having a wall thickness of 3/4" or greater must be stress relieved to comply with the requirements of the A.6 2.0 7. and computing the total man hours..9 9.. Standard Pipe & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick Extra Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes 1/2 "Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 „ .8 8.6 3.2 6.3 4.4 5.5 - 3.2 6.0 - „ 2.7 5.7 8 3.5 26 2. 2.7 4.6 6.7 4.5 10 3.9 3.. Code for Pressure Piping.6 7. -- 2.8 8.0 4.2 3.0 | "•" :*f4 2 2-1/2 2. (2) By totaling all pieces included in the complete requirement which can be full furnace stress relieved as units.4 5 3. Valves: Stress relieving may be done by the local stress relieving process.7 5.3 3.8 24 OD 6. .3 5. Man Hours: The total man hours for stress relieving shall be determined as follows: (1) By computing the total of all welds contained in the complete requirement figure on the basis of local stress relieving unit man hours..0 5.4 5.7 16 OD 5.9 5.in the above schedule cover sizes having a wall thickness of 3/4" or greater..1 «» 3.6 6. the complete fabricated assembly may be full furnace stress relieved as a unit. Whichever of these two methods develops the lower man hours should be used in determining the man hours for stress relieving.6 2.6 5.7 5.8 18 OD 5.

1 16..8 18. .8 11.00 1.3 4.9 8. see the bottom of page 60.00 3.7 17.8 25..4 ...6 12.0 9.50 5.750 1. .1 22. 6.50 10.50 1.0 9.7 5.0 „ „ .2 7....1 8.3 6.9 9..9 29. -- .9 14..00 23. .7 16.7 7.7 32.. 9.2 13.8 7.6 28.9 17.5 .4 12. .2 13.4 13... 5.8 21.6 9. .0 17.75 3.2 26.1 14. .4 19..9 29..1 10.4 For General A?ote.7 32.75 6.75 4.3 8.1 16.1 « . . .25 2.9 8. „ -- . 15.7 29.1 19..3 27.6 „ -- . 22.4 11.3 13.75 5.2 7.5 27.s.8 7. .9 16.25 4.0 11..8 10.4 12.7 11.2 26. ..8 15.00 5..0 6.4 .4 9.9 15.0 13. -- .8 25. .. -- 8. -- „ „ 7.0 30.5 ..8 10.0 14..50 3. .7 15..00 4.3 30.1 10. .2 13.7 7. 14.25 1.2 5.7 21. ..2 14.50 4.1 15. 21.4 18. 12.9 6.6 5. -- 4.5 4.1 22.5 8.. . NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .6 12.9 6.5 10.0 26..75 2.5 19.9 18.. „ 6..4 2.5 24. 13.0 9.2 10.5 23.. ..9 „ .3 30.6 .7 11.8 8.6 25.3 15..3 „ .3 6.25 3.7 16..5 9.4 7.7 .1 33. .4 „ .4 10.0 18.00 2.8 11.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 61 Carbon Steel Material Temperatures To 1400° F..7 .25 5.2 14.5 5.

50 1.7 17.3 17.6 32.3 26.4 43.4 36.8 11.7 17.1 23.0 35.9 43.4 8.8 10.7 12.5 26.2 49.2 38.5 25.4 55.6 29.1 17.0 18.7 25.3 29.2 49.9 47.5 15.3 9.25 3.7 11.0 38.4 19.75 5.5 14.6 29.2 25.8 14.9 45.1 15.7 21.1 25.8 12.500 .9 31.6 25.4 34.0 12.7 14.4 18.3 42.4 50.3 2. T3' Pipe Size .7 22.7 20.3 13.1 54. Nozzle Welds or Any Type of Flange Weld Carbon Steel Material Temperatures to 1400° F.6 31.9 34.2 47.0 46.2 33.0 14.2 9.4 31.9 19.4 12.5 49.3 31.4 28.5 42.4 39.2 40.00 4.5 25.8 14.3 16.3 4.9 18.00 5.5 23.1 13.8 38.3 50.9 8.4 18.1 33.1 37.3 31.1 40.0 37.50 5.62 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION LARGE O.1 29.25 1.8 18.6 21.4 42.D.7 45. NET MAN HOURS EACH WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES O.3 11.1 31.5 19.50 2.25 5.7 34.4 48.4 32.5 42.5 27.0 53.0 39.7 20.6 42.00 41.00 2.3 48.8 28.2 24.50 3.2 21.7 51.8 14.6 16.4 13.00 1.8 28.0 38.9 12.1 34.8 30.8 23.0 15.7 36.9 16.6 48.7 20.5 37.8 28.8 13.8 45.7 54.4 16.0 9.5 52.6 11.3 34.4 23.0 28.8 28.5 11.7 38.3 19.1 36.75 3.750 1.3 40.4 21.6 45.7 41.3 45.4 34.8 10.2 15.75 6.3 23.0 35.2 23. LOCAL STRESS RELIEVING Butt Welds.6 58.0 43.8 10.0 15.5 26.0 27.8 51.9 21.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 7.1 31.5 36.9 23.7 25.3 55.4 23.3 58.3 42.0 12.1 9.9 50.0 40.0 24.4 27.5 9.1 32.7 28.3 56.7 18.1 35.75 2.8 31.5 52.8 16.2 14.4 32.5 17.25 4.7 55.3 45.1 30.6 29.0 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 For General Notes.9 47.1 52. .75 4.9 61.0 21.1 48.3 39.00 3.375 .7 52.2 40.7 35.50 20.7 57.0 24.8 44. nee the bottom of page 60.4 32.8 21.4 28.2 37.4 25.0 12.8 54.0 56.5 26.8 26.3 26.1 46.6 23.8 10.1 19.5 22.D.

7 1701° to 2200° Inclusive 1.4 1401° to 1700° Inclusive 0. times total number of times piece must be heated to get full coverage.1 Exposed sections of pieces too large to be placed entirely within the furnace will be included in subsequent furnace heat or heats until all parts of the piece have been stress relieved or heat treated. Materials to be quenched after annealing must not exceed over-all furnace dimension.3 1251° to 1400° Inclusive 0. Quenching is included in the above man hours.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 63 FULL FURNACE STRESS RELIEVING AND HEATING TREATMENT Carbon Steel and Alloy Materials NET MAN HOURS Fahrenheit Temperature Per Hundred Pounds 0° to 1250° Inclusive 0. . To calculate the man hours for this operation use: total weight of fabricated piece times man hours per pound depending on temperature.

49 1.75 .62 1.71 1.64 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTION X-Ray or Gamma Ray Inspection of Butt Welds Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Wall Thickness Thru Extra Strong Wall Thickness Greater Than Extra Strong Thru Schedule 120 Wall Thickness Greater Than Schedule 120 Thru Double Extra Strong 2 or less 0..10 5 0.86 2.32 2.08 2.56 2.50 1.10 16 1.31 1.02 2.20 6 1.35 18 2.62 20 2.36 8 1.17 1.55 Nominal Pipe Size Man hours listed above cover radiographic inspection of butt welded joints by X-raying or gamma-ray.93 1. For radiographic inspection of nozzle welds add 200% to above man hours. For radiographic inspection of mitre butt welds add 50% to above man hours.98 1.81 2.07 1.. For radiographic inspection of slip-on flange welds add 100% to above man hours.22 2.34 1. 0.15 3. at the option of the client.04 1.90 24 2.20 1.75 .98 3 0.74 3. .52 10 1.98 4 0.94 14 1.71 12 1. 0.85 0.

06 1.98 7.50 1.00 4.. 3.35 9..19 6.68 1..77 5.85 3.51 2.91 3.58 2.21 2.22 1....08 6. ­ 5.60 3.62 3.76 6.55 1.75 2.41 1.85 2..74 2.94 3.00 2. - .62 5.. see the bottom of page 8..45 4.47 3. 1.61 7.85 3..82 For General Notes.67 2.49 -- „ 1.02 3.31 3...95 2.30 2.17 . .98 4.22 7..14 2.11 4.50 6.10 2.50 „ 4. .85 -.00 6. ­ 1.06 8..79 .30 3. 1.44 3. --- 2.. „ .70 2.66 7.05 2.28 1. .41 5.87 2.53 2.25 2.49 6.68 1.00 5.50 3.10 5.00 4.70 4.72 9.95 4.25 4.71 1.27 4.15 3.25 3. „ .16 5.61 7.50 „ - „ „ 2.47 1.47 1.75 4.76 4.35 2..92 2.21 4.39 3.03 2.65 8.25 3.87 6.25 1.24 .19 4.76 4.94 2. .30 8.55 1.12 5.77 5. -.4.54 5.. .46 4.75 6. -* -- . „ .50 1.34 2.59 . .00 2.36 1.07 9.. -1.78 .00 4.83 5.00 1..60 1..25 1..38 2.07 3.44 8.750 1.37 4..10 3.03 8..75 5.79 1..50 3.17 1. „ .00 8.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 65 HEAVY WALL RADIOQBAPHIC INSPECTION X-Ray or Gamma Ray Inspection of Butt Welds Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES . -- .66 .70 8.81 4.77 3. .42 4.25 _ 3. . 1.34 7.33 8.36 1.31 .40 9.25 5.75 3.27 4.50 5.01 7.

44 6.26 15.89 15.75 8.54 12.50 16.81 10.29 11.97 4. see the bottom of page 64.75 5.32 8.54 17.51 9.57 25.45 9.86 11.56 5.86 22.94 12.65 4.17 8.90 10.63 19.70 9.36 21.10 14..19 4.58 10.84 20.00 3.40 5.50 12. .27 7..33 10.15 3.09 11.00 4.62 24.70 15.62 13.00 2.78 12.18 9.70 17.05 .79 6.92 10.94 5.74 8.69 11.83 25.40 20.57 6.43 11.D.46 13.07 10.00 1. .42 6.16 13.75 5.77 21.73 7.81 6.50 5.57 8.18 7.61 14.34 9.22 18.750 or Less 1.07 3.70 7.00 9.16 11.27 14.92 13. 2.02 4.59 10.75 6.86 13.71 4.19 16..27 4.03 13. RADIOGRAPfflC INSPECTION X-Ray or Gamma Ray Inspection of Butt Welds Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH O.25 2.46 5.29 9.61 23.69 9.50 6.52 10.10 8.88 14.30 8. .49 8.56 7.79 13.82 16. -- .86 9.15 14.25 3.95 10.56 11.50 1.84 6.45 10.54 16.86 9.92 18. Pipe Size .76 3..73 11.91 14.00 5.32 27.. .89 11.50 5.17 12.25 5.83 10.54 11.90 5.29 22.44 3.50 8.85 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES For General Notes.52 8.59 11.52 10.86 10.62 4.87 4.50 15.58 8.98 7.50 15.91 19.56 7.66 12.13 9.06 11.86 11.17 12.84 8.D.69 5.63 11.06 22.48 5.84 13.75 3.22 6.06 12.24 12.84 9.42 11.75 4.94 4.31 5.00 9.28 12.50 10.30 23.22 9.54 7.96 26.08 20.33 8.05 10.07 21.04 23.25 4.31 3.09 7.56 5.06 10.59 18.22 6.78 4.14 10.80 8.06 7.26 9.22 19.32 9.67 26.80 11.38 13.50 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 3.22 7.36 3.29 13.25 1.07 5.42 6.50 3.18 10.30 4.82 3.22 15.02 8.23 6.18 25.57 15.57 9.75 2..34 24.14 17.54 7.59 14.90 8.78 7.66 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION LARGE O.

7 4. bosses.1 1.2 7.4 2.9 2. thredolets and weldolets use the man hours shown for corresponding sizes of nozzle welds.6 0.2 4. For inspection of slip-on flange welds add 50% to the above man hours.9 0.2 6.3 14 OD 3.7 1.3 2-1/2 0. When specifications call for multiple inspections during the progress of welding.6 5.4 1.6 8.5 3. the man hours shown above will apply for each of the total number of inspections.Section Otie-SHOP FABRICATION 67 MAGNETIC OR DYE PENETKANT INSPECTION OF WELDED JOINTS All Thicknesses and Schedules NET MAN HOURS EACH DYE PENETRANT MAGNETIC Size Inches Nozzle Welds Butt Welds Nozzle Welds Butt Welds 2 or less 0.2 1.2 1.7 20 OD 4.3 3.2 6.8 4. For inspection of small connections such as couplings.8 6 1.5 2.4 3 0.5 11.4 6.4 5.6 1. .6 2.9 4 1.0 2.8 5.7 24 OD 5.5 8 2.9 1.9 5.8 1.7 3.1 1.1 1.5 7. Magnetic particle or liquid penetrant inspection of weld end preparations should be charged at the same man hours as comparable inspection of the same size butt weld.9 16 OD 3. add 150% to the above man hours to include both the nozzle weld and the pad weld.5 9. For inspection of reinforced nozzle welds.8 7.3 5.0 3. 2 5 1.8 1.6 3-1/2 0.6 6.1 0.8 8.1 4.9 18 OD 4.0 12 3.1 Man hours above are for a single inspection.1 10 2.7 2.9 1.

6 10. Pipe Size Butt Welds Nozzle Welds 26 5.5 12.4 21.9 10.4 10.0 15.7 48 11.4 15.8 19.5 38 8.9 16.5 13.8 7.3 9.4 18. add 150% to the above man hours to include both the nozzle weld and the pad weld.0 25.5 34 7.8 13.D.0 19. Magnetic particle or liquid penetrant inspection of weld end preparations should be charged at the same man hours as comparable inspection of the same size butt weld.4 17.3 13.7 32 7.7 14.1 11. When specifications call for multiple inspections during the progress of welding.9 8.4 36 8.6 30 6.1 17.8 11.5 42 9.2 Magnetic Dye Penetrant Nozzle Welda Butt Welds Man hours above are for a single inspection.7 13.8 16.2 12.6 54 12.8 14. thredolets and weldolets use the man hours shown for corresponding sizes of nozzle welds.0 28.4 60 14.4 9.2 19.6 46 10.3 21.68 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION All Thicknesses and Schedules NET MAN HOURS EACH ALL THICKNESSES AND SCHEDULES O. For inspection of small connections such as couplings.4 40 9. For inspection of slip-on flange welds add 50% to the above man hours.5 8.3 14.7 17.3 15.2 13. the man hours shown above will apply for each of the total number of inspections.7 20.8 11. .6 44 10. For inspection of reinforced nozzle welds.9 12.9 9.3 10.7 28 6.2 22. bosses.

7 Above man hours are for flanged ends only.5 1.8 2. NET MAN HOURS PER FLANGED OUTLET Nominal Pipe Size 300 Lb.7 6 2.1 4 1.6 14.0 5.1 -- 16 6.2 3.5 5. Man hours are for a maximum holding time of one hour at test pressure.7 3. and 1500 Lb.6 1. 2 "or less 1.7 3. 2500 Lb.3 1.0 2.1 2.6 2-1/2 1. or Less 400 Lb.2 2.0 2.8 2.8 14 5.3 10. and 600 Lb.5 18 7.5 9.8 2.2 5.6 1.3 3.2 6.9 10 3.1 15.000 P.2 2. 900 Lb. See following tables for plain or beveled ends..7 24 12.7 4.6 2.3 6.0 8 2.1 20 8.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 69 TESTING FABRICATED ASSEMBLIES Hydrostatic Testing of Flanged Ends Carbon Steel Material For Pressures Not Exceeding 4.1 9.4 1. .2 8.3 1. .5 5 1.0 3.0 3 1.3 6.1 12 4.2 1.4 7.2 4.0 1.I.S.

1 7.8 41. Pipe& O. - -- 4.1 -- -- - 5. NET MAN HOURSPER END Pipe Size Inches Standard Pipe& O.2 21.7 -- 6.5 2.8 11.1 13. 13.4 17.3 Above man hours are for plain or beveled ends only.D.5 15.4 9.2 18.7O Section One-SHOP FABRICATION TESTING FABRICATED ASSEMBLIES Hydrostatic Testing of Plain or Beveled Ends Only Carbon Steel Material For Pressures Not Exceeding 4.4 13.8 8.4 23.6 14 O.3 5.1 31. See preceding table for flanged ends.000 P. 7.5 5.D.D.4 14.9 25.I.0 16.9 5.5 4.8 11.1 29.3 20 O.9 16O.6 25.9 12.0 6.6 4 3. 6.8 7.0 3.8 6.2 9.8 4.0 16.3 7.1 11.7 16.6 23.S.1 -- -- 2. Sizes 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2 "or Less 2.2 24 O.0 11.5 13..3 20.1 6.1 -- -- 4.3 8.6 .4 5.2 12.5 15.9 14.8 6.0 8.4 -- 5.1 6.4 6 4.1 -- 7.1 9.2 -- 5.1 11. 10.6 20.5 6.1 10.8 7.2 13.6 - 3.2 10.2 „ 7.0 3 3.4 -- -- 3.5 -- 4.9 5. 9.0 -- 8.9 4.9 -- 4.8 .8 26.6 3.5 - 2.2 -- -- 3.8 7.7 9.9 19.D. -- 3.3 54.4 9.8 -- -- 2.5 6..D. .D.9 9.8 7.9 30.D.5 12 6.7 15.9 4.4 2-1/2" 2.8 11.6 -- 6.7 7.4 -- „ „ 5.3 35.9 18 O.4 5 3.8 8. Sizes 3/8" Thick Extra Hvy.7 36.0 12.9 4.9 20.3 5.8 7.1 5.4 8 4.0 - 3. Man hours are for a maximum holding time of one hour at test pressure.1 10 5.9 10.5 10.1 47.4 15.

5 44. -- 2..75 5..50 5.8 65.3 333.5 33.4 48.7 289... . „ 166.0 51.25 28.750 6.3 7.5 13.2 Above man hours are for plain or beveled ends only.5 129.50 „ „ .4 57.0 287.5 280.2 311.5 .5 11.5 39.2 88.9 57.0 51.9 20.2 41.00 236.7 76.5 101.6 135.50 3.2 9.7 141.0 24..25 1. .7 .00 3.9 38. 2.3 129. . „ 1..75 6.9 5.6 16.50 „ 7...2 124..25 198.7 113. .1 308.3 180. .3 12.6 33.6 251.0 93.4 19.4 274.000 P.1 161.1 43. Man hours are for a maximum holding time of one hour at test pressure.4 229..9 262..2 110.7 78. -- .00 5. NET MAN HOURS PER END Nominal Pipe Size 3 "or less 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .8 13.2 86...8 51.5 48.5 23.0 174.7 — .3 20.5 37.4 57. .75 4.3 114. -- ..9 7.. .2 69. -- 2.75 3.3 119. „ -- . ..4 86.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 71 HEAVY WALL TESTING FABRICATED ASSEMBLIES Hydrostatic Testing of Plain or Beveled Ends Only Carbon Steel Material For Pressures Not Exceeding 4.5 99.3 96.9 17. .7 31. 84..9 16.2 .00 _ -- 2.00 6.75 . -.5 198.2 45.25 38.2 112.7 3.3 21. „ .S..8 86.1 58.. 12.7 251. 8.00 — .7 28.5 8.. .50 .. 1.2 75.3 44.3 28. .0 233.4 — . -- 10.2 10.5 9.25 4. .0 67..5 10.. -- .3 58.2 „ -- --- 4.3 27. ..5 76.3 214. -- „ -..2 „ .1 4.0 264..0 23.6 82.8 182.1 13..9 103.8 98.I..9 202.6 32.0 218..7 147.0 95.5 66.9 8..8 65.0 74. -- — .7 154.1 24._ 1. See proceeding table for flanged ends.5 212.4 226.1 „ .

22.8 2.0 4.2 3.3.2 10.8 5. 2. 12 1. add 0.6 38. 8 1.0 2. For openings larger than I" in diameter add 25% to the above man hours for each 1/4" increase in diameter.9 26.2 3. 34. 6. 40.8 1.5 2. .9 5. 48 3..3 44. 18 Over 2 "to 2.4 6.2 2.9 3.1/2" Over 2.7 - 20.30 2.1/2 "to 4" Over 4 "to 6" -- .. 46.28. 36 2.9 3.60 4.2 4.8 8.1.6 3.9 10.7 3.5 3.9 14.5 man hours each.5 4.4 1.9 Man hours include access holes through 1" diameter (drilled and tapped) for radiographic inspection of welds when specified or required.2 2. 42 2.3 32. 24 2. If plugs are to be included and seal welded.7 5.72 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION ACCESS HOLES Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH WALL THICKNESS Nominal Pipe Size Uptol" Over I"to2" 2-1/2.6 . 16.5 2.3 -- - 2.1 2.3 4.5 .9 4.8 54.2 6.9 7.5 3.7 7. 2.7 2.

Flange Size Inches Man Hours Flange Size Inches Man Hours 3 or less 0. J.5 8 1.0 man hours per foot for thickness greater than 1". Preheating Coupling Welds: On any size you should charge the man hours of Preheating a 2" extra heavy Nozzle Weld.3 20 3. the following X-Rays should be taken and charged accord­ ingly. T.9 16 3.Section One-SHOP FABRICATION 73 Descaling R. J.0 18 3. grooves of flanges because of Stress Relieving or Heat Treating should be removed and charged for at the foEowing man hours.6 12 1.5 4 0.6 14 2.2 6 1. Lineal Welding X-rayed should be charged at 0.8 24 4. Flange Faces: Oxidation (scale) created in R.9 10 1. Mitre and Nozzle Welds X-rayed should be charged at 50% more than the Butt Weld X-ray man hours. T. For alloys add 25% to these man hours. Slip-on Welds X-rayed will be charged the same man hours as a Butt Weld X-ray. .9 — — Miscellaneous X-Rays: If specified.7 man hours per foot through 1" thickness and at 1.

09 0.07 0.09 0.04 0.10 0.08 80" and over 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.10 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.04 0. See respective pages for these man hours.12 0.05 0. to 100 Ft.06 0. All welding. .09 0.74 Section One-SHOP FABRICATION MAN HOURS PER FOOT OF CYLINDRICAL COIL FABRICATION BENDING ONLY "A" — Coils containing 40 Ft.08 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.06 36" to 60" 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.11 0.08 0.08 Work Included: Man hours include bending only.04 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.06 0.05 0. and More 3/4" PIPE 1/2" PIPE Diameter of Coil (C-C) Schedule 10-60 Schedule 80-160 A A B C B C Schedule 10-60 A B C Schedule 80-160 A B C o.09 0.09 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.09 36" to 60" 0.04 60" and over 0.08 0.09 0.06 60" and over 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.04 0. "C" — Coils containing 100 Ft.08 0. handling and erection are additional.os 18" to 36" 0.06 0.05 0.09 0.05 36" to 60" 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.09 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.07 0.06 0.13 0.04 0.05 0.04 0. and Less "B" — Coils containing 40 Ft.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.08 0.04 1" PIPE Diameter of Coil (C-C) 1-1/4" PIPE Schedule 10-60 Schedule 80-160 Schedule 10-60 Schedule 80-160 A A A A B C B C B C B C 18" to 36" 0.06 0.11 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.05 1-1/2" PIPE Diameter of Coil (C-C) 2" PIPE Schedule 10-60 Schedule 80-160 Schedule 10-60 Schedule 80-160 A A A A B C B C B C B C 18" to 36" 0.05 0.04 0.10 0.07 0.06 0.

Section Two FIELD FABRICATION AND ERECTION This section is intended to suffice for the com­ plete labor involved in the installation and field fabrication as maybe necessary to put a system of process piping into operation in an industrial or chemical plant.ferrous piping and fittings. we have found that these are op­ erations that will balance themselves out over a complete piping job. 75 . While it is true that the aforementioned operations involve more time than is required merely to haul materials from and on the job. hauling from storage to erection site and rigging or hoisting into place have been given due consideration in the man hours listed for the various operations. fabricating shop or storage area. For the field fabrication and erection of alloy and non . All labor for unloading from railroad cars or trucks hauling to and unloading at storage facil­ ities. No consideration has been given to overhead or profit. The man hours listed are for labor only and do not have any bearing on materials or equipment. nevertheless. apply the percentages which appear under Section Three to the following pages listing the various field operations.

34 0.19 0.43 0. It does not include welding.35 0.21 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 0.19 18 OD 0.28 0.73 1.04 Man hours include all labor for unloading and storing in yard.18 0.24 0.15 1.21 0.32 1. bolt-ups.20 0.64 0.24 0. make-ons or scaf­ folding.17 0.24 0.34 0.75 1.17 0.03 1. double above man hours.02 1.18 0.60 0.49 2.43 8 0.28 0.31 0.18 0.38 0. and rigging and aligning in place.39 18 OD 0.87 1. and everdur pipe.27 2 2-1/2 0.39 5 0.16 0.17 1.16 0.23 0.21 0.48 0.82 12 0.19 0.88 1.38 4 0.30 0. For brass.29 0.00 1400 0.26 0.23 0.17 0.25 0.20 0.17 0.60 20 OD 1.52 0. copper. loading and hauling to erection site.16 0.32 3 3-1/2 0.65 10 0.50 8 0.76 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION HANDLING AND ERECTING STRAIGHT RUN PIPE DIRECT MAN HOURS — PER FOOT Pipe Size Inches SCHEDULE NUMBERS 10 to 60 80 to 100 120 to 160 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 0. See respective pages for these items.81 24 OD 1.22 0. .19 0.20 0.26 0.

. „ -- .57 3.04 3. -- .42 2.16 6.52 6.62 2. .23 4. . 1.70 4..34 1.22 2.66 1. -- .60 0.71 6.73 5.. .76 0. 3. „ -- 2.47 2.750 1.09 3..96 1...75 4.88 7.36 1.99 4.10 7.00 6.71 -„ „ .00 2.27 3.26 4.50 3.59 4. loading and hauling to erection site.28 2..21 5.00 4..24 2.89 2.65 0.26 2.86 .75 6..13 4.00 1. 3.89 1. .18 1. and rigging and aligning in place..81 1.98 „ -- . .00 5.07 2.31 6..Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 77 HANDLING AND ERECTING HEAVY WALL STRAIGHT RUN PIPE Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER FOOT Nominal Pipe Size 3" or less 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .43 0.25 7.50 „.33 4.46 .97 9. See respective tables for these items.09 1.50 5..81 0. make-ons or scaffolding.18 9.. . 0.95 1.39 .25 1.97 2.37 „ 4.5 2.43 3. .54 1.25 1.. „ 5.75 0.67 3. "" ... Man hours do not include welding.27 3.. bolt-ups.10 1.56 „ . .02 8. 0. _.50 .43 4.69 3.87 8.98 2. . .87 1.43 7.00 1.09 5.40 0..56 0..38 2..58 8.. 4.65 0.50 1.71 2.1.57 1.51 1.25 5.55 8.67 7.95 .25 3..69 2.56 2.86 1.34 3. .17 1.73 2.60 5.06 _„ 2.48 0.25 2.98 1.54 0. ..25 1.79 2.80 0.69 1. 0.. .80 .73 1. 1.72 1.78 3..71 0.96 3.. „ 5..84 3.38 8..40 1.29 8.75 5.55 2.30 1.78 1. .91 .89 3.14 2.36 0.07 4.50 1.00 3.35 . „ - 2.. 0...49 .16 3.75 3.19 1.92 Man hours include all labor for unloading and storing in yard.

05 6.31 3.49 1.49 2.04 1.60 4.67 5.51 3.26 4.33 8.28 2.13 2.20 6.37 2.60 2.78 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION HANDLING AND ERECTING LARGE O.52 4.06 3.63 7.40 7.89 3. loading and hauling to erection site.33 2.94 6.09 2.51 2.92 4. bolt-ups.53 6.54 1.70 2.24 3.00 2.88 1.64 3.98 3.53 2.D.58 2.91 4. -.41 5.00 5.20 7.71 1.41 3.66 2.79 1.750 1.71 1.50 3.40 2..75 4.05 2.15 3.08 3.21 3.05 5.13 4.13 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 .72 7.73 7.05 2.46 2. Pipe Inches .61 1.87 3.70 1.31 3.22 8.01 2.12 5.39 2.16 3.73 4.83 4.59 2.01 7.75 3.49 3.25 2.78 2.83 3.16 2.18 1.96 10.33 1.87 1.25 2.80 8. and rigging and aligning in place. STRAIGHT RUN PIPE Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER FOOT WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES O.27 7.57 11.42 1.31 1.20 5.68 2.52 1.93 3.15 2.14 2.41 2. .35 3.93 2.84 2.78 2.61 1.70 9.06 4.97 3.D.84 8.59 3.04 9.42 7.17 2.75 3. Man hours do not include welding.97 4.93 9.85 7.92 3.93 3.68 9.00 1.59 4.00 3.38 6.31 2.98 2.75 6.88 1.50 2.02 3.30 2. make-ons or scaffolding.35 9.17 2.35 3.60 9.72 5.40 1.26 2.60 1.26 2.44 2.35 2.54 6.33 2.40 1.48 8.25 1.47 2.500 or less .54 1.23 3.06 8.68 2.02 3.81 2.82 2.40 4.06 8.66 2.96 9.45 1.12 6.29 3.03 2.23 1.84 7. See respective tables for these items.50 1.96 5.89 2.00 4.07 9.77 1.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 1.25 3.15 7.74 4.99 8.88 3.56 5. .20 3.16 3.45 5.24 1.46 4.75 2.67 2.23 2.92 2.79 5.14 3.47 2...32 8.64 8.29 5.00 5.25 5.92 3.98 2.74 2.87 2.50 5.00 4.75 5.20 4.48 2. „ Man hours include all labor for unloading and storing in yard.96 4.67 2.36 2.83 10.73 3.11 4.67 3.88 3.49 3.50 4.69 4.54 3.78 1.48 8.58 3.39 10.94 2.65 3.63 1.

48 1.44 0.40 0. See other pages for these charges.30 0.43 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 Man hours are for labor only and includes handling and hauling from storage yard.27 0.26 0.94 2.54 3-1/2 0.84 8 0.34 0.59 0.62 4 0.88 1.71 2.32 0.99 10 0.00 1.41 0.51 3.23 1.39 0.34 0.72 1. . For brass.52 0.29 0.37 0.45 0.27 1.01 1.69 20 OD 1.40 0.34 18 OD 1.72 6 0.29 0.32 0.74 2.30 0.34 0.27 0.22 3.36 0. copper and everdur pipe.35 0.04 24 OD 1. 38 12 0.44 0. It does not include welding.69 14 OD 1.49 0.50 0. and aligning.64 0.47 0.57 0.81 0.48 0.35 1 0.32 0.01 16 OD 1. bolt-ups.30 0.41 0.28 0. make-ons or scaffolding. Units apply to any length spool piece or segment of work.96 2.46 2. unloading and rigging in place. double above man hours.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 79 HANDLING AND ERECTING FABRICATED SPOOL PIECES Carbon Steel Material DIRECT MAN HOURS — PER FOOT BY SIZE Pipe Size Inches SCHEDULE NUMBERS 10 to 60 80 to 100 120 to 160 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 0.57 0.29 0.66 5 0. 39 0.

03 - .31 1..17 „ „ . . .„ .39 3. unloading and rigging in place.14 1.33 3. and aligning.16 3. .75 6.50 1..15 11.75 5.13 7.96 3.07 1.53 11.29 7..00 3. . ..79 3.58 4. make-ons or scaffolding.72 0.76 2..64 1.33 4.97 9.58 6. Units apply to any length spool piece or segment of work.68 4..05 4.59 5. This does not include welding.95 2.23 3.20 8...01 8.80 5.75 2.66 9.. 4.29 5. 1.47 1.43 1.00 5.42 4.29 Man hours are for labor only and include handling and hauling from storage yard.70 5.12 5...88 2.14 3.26 4.38 5.00 5.43 6.47 .68 . „ „ 7. 1..02 8.72 8.20 1. -- 0. „ -- 2.25 0.43 9.84 0.50 3.79 1.75 4.. .33 3. 2.46 3.58 3. — 1..54 2.81 0.50 1. .98 1. .91 4.25 5.61 0.57 3.34 .20 6.77 3.58 4.94 9.._.77 3.10 2.07 - . „ „ 5. 3.28 ...75 3.07 .80 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION HANDLING AND EKECTING HEAVY WALL FABRICATED SPOOL PIECES Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER FOOT Nominal Pipe Size 3 "or less 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .78 5.79 2.72 2.50 .50 2.14 5.89 11.00 8.94 3.17 5.90 1.25 2...00 0.92 6.50 5..93 12.43 10.67 0.48 8..43 . -- „ „ 1. -- .750 1.42 3. .66 11. 1.49 2. „ ..00 3.60 2.04 2.00 4.01 2. bolt-ups.80 4.58 2.84 . .14 4.50 „ 0.27 2.82 10.67 3.25 3.82 4..96 6.. .25 2..77 2.31 2.65 1.78 10.84 8.05 4.36 2.76 3.84 2.55 .42 .98 1..25 4... 7.22 1. See other pages for these charges. . .11 3.00 2.23 9.

52 7.87 13.47 5.12 3.85 9.94 3.00 12.69 3.28 2.62 3.91 12.93 4.54 3.12 9..63 8.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 1.00 1.63 7.07 1.00 12.99 4.64 4.29 3.76 2.48 15.44 4.00 4.75 3.50 4.29 2.64 12.64 12.50 2..04 4.49 3.75 5.60 5.D.66 4.35 5.38 2.17 2.84 3.27 4.80 3.59 2.45 3.45 8.25 3.07 2.16 3.35 3. .18 2.37 4.05 3.12 8. Units apply to any length spool piece or segment of work.93 14.67 6.68 5.18 4.98 4.03 11.26 6. make-ons or scaffolding.17 4.62 2. FABRICATED SPOOL PIECES Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER FOOT O.74 13..06 3.42 2.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 81 HANDLING AND ERECTING LARGE O.24 9.74 10.99 6. unloading and rigging in place.84 4.96 4.05 6.75 7.500 or less .75 16.50 1.31 13.25 3.80 3.21 3.94 6.20 4.44 10.40 12.98 3.07 2.11 4.60 5.11 13.73 6.75 4.31 2.51 9.72 4.75 4.75 2.68 10.99 7.06 7.70 11.83 4.25 4.00 3.56 5.77 1.32 11.42 14.56 2.44 3.01 10.67 2.28 2.20 3.83 2.45 14.18 8.00 5.80 2.96 4.02 5.93 3.87 3.91 4.50 3.58 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .20 4. -.08 4.75 3.49 4.61 2.35 3.30 14.84 2.00 2.750 1.46 4.62 4.73 9.85 6.26 3.28 8.35 4.46 3.77 2.25 3.42 3.00 8.37 11.30 5.09 2.96 14.73 4.06 11. bolt-ups.88 8.74 5. and aligning.58 3.44 5.68 4. Pipe Inches .51 13.80 3.97 2.25 5.43 2.68 3.16 3.86 2.02 3.88 5.35 13.36 4.18 2.05 3.69 2.52 11.12 6.91 2.46 2.08 3.08 3.01 9.66 3.41 6.90 4.25 2.65 3.73 11.86 5. This does not include welding.02 3.D.68 12.25 5.84 15.24 5. See other pages for these charges.53 2.38 2.88 5.86 3.19 3.64 4.65 2.00 6.60 6.28 4.32 3. „ Man hours are for labor only and include handling and hauling from storage yard.81 2.43 7.97 3.65 14.93 5.41 12.53 2.56 3.66 11.22 4.25 1.50 5.37 7.31 3.75 6.

. 1 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 0. 8. 3 2 2-1/2 0. 0. Size Inches 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 BACK WELDED PLAIN .5 0. . 0.4 1. .4 0. .9 Man hours per connection only. . . field handling and erection. .7 . .5 18 . .4 0.6 15 4.4 0. . . .0 1. 2 0. See pages pertaining to these operations. . . . . .5 0. . .6 2.2 1.8 K . . 0. .1 3. . . 4 0. . Ells and Valves = Two Connections Tees = Three Connections Crosses = Four Connections .1 O.9 1. .4 4 0. 1 0. 2 0. . threading. . . . . . . .4 3 3-1/2 0. .6 0. .8 1(1 1.9 2. .2 1(> 14 4. . 5 .1 24 17 5.8 '/»() 1 (i 5.82 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION MAKING ON SCREWED FITTINGS AND VALVES NET MAN HOURS EACH PER CONNECTION Nom.3 0.4 1? 12 11 13 4. . additional man hours are required. For cutting. . .I 0. . .

4 0.9 14.7 1.0 2.7 2.8 25.3 0.3 5.8 0.7 29.9 7.5 0.4 15.1 3 3K: 1.1 4.4 2.0 7.2 17.8 14. flanged.3 4.0 12.8 2. 300-400 Lb. 1500 Lb.6 2 1.3 1.1 8 2.1 0.9 13.5 38 11.5 9.5 0.4 16 5.! :& 1/2 *1 1 l!/4 H» 2 1 SERVICE PRESSURE RATING 4 1.6 32 10. No man hours for welds.9 19.2 1.3 14.1 29.2 0._ 30 9.8 13.2 0.7 3.3 0.6 __ _ 34 10.6 4.7 2.1 6. add 125% to above man hours.8 31. See pages pertaining to these items.5 0.2 11.4 5 2.9 46 12. .3 0.3 0.7 20.6 0.6 36 10.4 1.0 15.3 0.3 30.0 6 2.0 3.4 26.9 0.5 0.0 12 4.1 6.3 16. or bolt-up included.7 18.1 3.7 28 9.6 3.2 21.5 0.1 12.2 5.2 0.9 10.4 3.2 0. For motor operated or diaphragm valves. 600-900 Lb.8 7.7 15. 2500 Lb.7 8.3 11.7 13.4 0.5 26 8.1 10.1 8.5 11.9 22.3 13.5 14 5.2 2.2 1.3 2.9 I/.2 0.3 0. Use 150# allowance for standard brass and iron valves.3 0.6 2.4 40 11.5 10.2 42 44 11. 0.5 1.1 20 7.6 14.0 27.9 17.6 0.4 0.2 0.5 12.3 5.6 4.4 24 8. making-on.4 1.8 18 6.8 16.9 18.5 23.Pipe Size Inches 150 Lb. and expansion joints.8 1.3 13.7 21.3 8.3 20. Use 300# allowance for extra heavy and 200 Ib.5 10.1 18.8 15.1 24.2 0.8 3.0 2.7 1.7 2.6 20.0 15.2 0.3 14.9 10 3.5 19. and weld end valves.1 6.2 0.7 9.4 4.8 12.4 0.5 " _­ _ — _ _ _­ ! Man hours only — screwed.5 0.4 0.6 0.0 2.9 1.5 1.2 5.7 11.5 28.0 1.2 1. brass and iron valves.7 .

. 24 6. _ .6 10.4 9.8 6.2 20 5.8 8. For standard cast iron use 150# allowance.6 9.8 14 3.8 11. The handling of bolts or studs and gaskets is included. Above man hours do not include handling of valves.4 8.5 7.5 1.2 1.6 7.8 fi 1.1 2. 1500 Lb.0 7.2 12.8 1.4 2.6 6.8 8.1 2. ring joint.4 10.3 4.2 1.7 4.4 10.2 6.9 10 2.3 1.9 9.2 3.7 5.8 40 9. flanged fittings.9 11. .0 7. 900 Lb.0 10. 2l!2 0.7 8.3 .3 12._ _ 2 or less 26 7. For extra heavy cast iron use 300# allowance.0 10.6 5.9 10.3 11. 30 7. female or fittings with special facings are used.5 1.6 9.8 5.5 1.1 13.8 2.8 36 9.1 11. 600 Lb.7 13.9 5.6 2._ _ _ " _L"_ Man hours for labor only for each joint on valves.0 3 3ia 0.4 11.3 8.6 7.4 4 1..4 1.8 4.0 2.7 9.3 _ _ 38 9.7 3. add 25% to above units.1 11.84 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION FIELD ERECTION BOLT-UPS NET MAN HOURS EACH Pipe Size Inches SERVICE PRESSURE RATING 150 Lb.2 6.2 9.8 4.8 0.9 1.4 18 4.4 3.1 12 3.0 1.0 3.6 3.7 10.8 2.5 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.7 _ 16 4.0 3.9 1.3 6..7 0.8 12. 300-400 Lb.2 1.7 _ 32 8.2 9.3 _ 34 8.0 1.5 6.6 3.9 0.8 ­ _ 2500 Lb.2 1._ .1 2..2 _ _ .5 1.7 1.4 8 2.4 5.4 7.1 4.7 2. and spools.2 _.4 4. fittings or spools.8 0. Where tongue and groove.3 42 10.6 28 7.7 4.

and Higher 2 or less 2-1/2 1. Headers.7 4.7 2.0 12. Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flanges.5 5.2 1.3 1. .7 8. The price of the flange must be added in all cases.5 Flanges: Man hours are for field labor only. Steel 250 Lb.4 6.4 1. Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.8 2.6 1.8 4 1.4 1.0 5 1.Section Two~FIELD FABRICATION 85 ATTACHING FLANGES .1 3. Unlisted Sizes.1 2.5 2.Cast Iron and 150 Lb.5 3 3-1/2 1.3 20 OD 7.4 12 3.7 24 OD 11.3 8 2.2 6 2.8 10 3.5 7.1 16 OD 5.SCREWED TYPE Man hours — Cutting and Threading Pipe — Making on Screwed Flanges and Refaclng Carbon Steel Material for Bends. Necks and Straight Runs of Pipe NET MAN HOURS EACH Pipe Size Inches 125 Lb.1 14 OD 4.1 18 OD 6.6 1. Cast Iron and Steel 300 Lb.

600 Lb. The price of the welding materials and flange must be added in all cases.8 4.4 2.8 26.1 5.4 24 OD 19. 400 Lb. Headers and Nozzles NET MAN HOURS EACH SERVICE PRESSURE RATING Pipe Size Inches 150 Lb.9 9.7 4.9 17.1 20 OD 13.0 6 3.4 5.4 2..6 21.1 11.4 7. 300 Lb. Making on Flange Manual Seal Welding at Back and Front and Refacing Welded or Seamless Carbon Steel Material.1 14.6 3.0 10.0 8 4.6 . .7 12. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.9 3.2 2.1 8.0 17.9 4.3 5.3 4.5 6. 1500 Lb. Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flanges.86 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION ATTACHING FLANGES—SCREWED TYPE Man Hours—Cutting and Threading Pipe.9 14.3 3.0 8.6 2.0 8.6 2. Bends.9 19.4 16 OD 10.1 9.2 3 2.7 18 OD 12. Straight Pipe.3 8.9 2.9 6.5 9.6 7. Flanges: Man hours are for labor only.2 2.0 2.3 3. 3.3 16.0 10 6.2 5 3.6 3.7 15.0 12 7.5 6.5 15.2 6.7 -- 4.3 13.0 16.1 20.9 4.6 3-1/2 4 2.3 19.8 14 OD 8.9 11.3 14.5 6.2 3.5 22.3 10..7 24.7 .3 17.2 3.8 11.6 10.8 5.4 2. 2 or less 2-1/2 2.8 5.4 21.6 2.6 11.1 4.5 4. 900 Lb.9 3. 2500 Lb.4 2.3 3.2 2.7 9.7 13.3 8.8 5..1 3.8 7.9 3.1 3.

0 7. Making on Flange Manual Seal Welding at Back and Refacing Carbon Steel Material.6 3.0 HOD 6.3 16.3 10 5.6 3.8 6. 900 Lb.9 3-1/2 4 2.6 -- 24 OD 15.8 4.6 16 OD 8.0 3.6 3.0 2.4 4.9 4.8 15.5 3. Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flanges.2 5 2. 10. 2500 Lb.9 18 OD 9.9 6 3.0 2.6 SERVICE PRESSURE RATING 600 Lb.7 17.2 2.5 4.6 2.2 2.5 2.4 19.0 5.3 15.3 12.4 12. Bends.2 2.6 1.4 5.0 -- 3.6 8.5 12.1 9.3 17. The price of the flange must be added in all cases. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.3 3.0 3.9 3.6 11.6 10.4 7.2 18.5 2. Headers and Nozzles NET MAN HOURS EACH Pipe Size Inches 150 Lb. Straight Pipe.5 13.6 2.0 2.5 5.0 2.5 9.1 3.7 6.7 8 3.0 4. 1500 Lb.6 3.8 6.3 4.3 2.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 87 ATTACHING FLANGES—SCKE WED TYPE Man Hours—Cutting and Threading Pipe.8 7.2 5.6 2.3 3.9 13.7 1.9 10. Flanges: Man hours are for field labor only.0 14.0 .4 7.7 8.5 7.2 2.0 -- 3.7 2.6 13.3 10.8 21. 300 Lb.5 -- 20 OD 11.8 9.9 4.5 9.3 2.3 5.4 2.0 7.5 3 2.7 5.3 2.0 11.2 5.3 11. 2 or less 2-1/2 1. 400 Lb.8 12 5.

6 5.4 6.5 12. 600 LB.9 5.6 27.1 46. 2500 LB.0 17.8 2.0 2.4 44.7 27.0 15.5 19.1 13.7 1.0 14.8 6. See man hours for stress relieving.1 2.1 11.1 7.1 23. _ _ _ — Flanges: Man hours are for field labor only. 30 O.1 2.4 26.0 10.5 16.3 2. Straight Pipe.9 8.8 5. .0 20. Headers and Nozzles NET MAN HOURS EACH Pipe Size Inches 150 LB.8 1.1 6. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.88 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION ATTACHING FLANGES—SLIP-ON TYPE Man Hours Slipping on Flange.8 43.9 3. Preheating: If specified or required by codes. add for this operation. See man hours for pre-heating.3 7.7 16.3 2 2-1/2 1.D.7 31. Bends.5 4. 20 O.1 2.3 2. 36 O.3 3.3 1.1 23.3 17. 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 0.4 1.2 33.0 1.9 4 5 6 8 10 12 140.7 3.D.3 2.D.7 32.0 17.8 38.0 3.0 1.5 1.3 2.0 36.4 1.8 1.7 20. 18O.3 3.7 54.0 13.4 21.4 2. Pipe Thickness: Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flanges.7 3.2 19.4 - 2.5 5. SERVICE PRESSURE RATING _ _ .8 2.9 12.4 1.5 49. add for this operation.4 6..0 .4 3.2 9.4 1.4 8.4 1.2 14.4 1.5 4.2 1.6 3.9 1. 12. .0 11. 34 O.2 2.1 25.3 1.2 7. Manual Welding at Front and Back Carbon Steel Material. 26 O.3 1.2 18. 1500 LB.7 38.9 44.6 1.1 2.5 34.8 2. 900 LB._ - 300 LB.3 52.4 1.7 8.D.6 -- 4.5 15.8 22..D.7 9. Stress Relieving: If specified or required by codes.3 3.8 37.9 _ .D.0 15.3 9.D. The price of welding materials and the flange must be added in all cases.4 3.9 7.D.8 4.3 10.3 13.D.5 21.9 3. 42 O.2 38. 24 O.0 4.0 1._ _ _ — 5.8 2.1 _ __ 3.0 11. 16 O.0 3.2 _ 5.8 8.6 3 3-1/2 1.6 30..0 11.D.6 18. _ - 400 LB.

5 23.5 5. and butt welding carbon steel weld neck flange to pipe.0 3.1 10.5 11. 400 Lb.3 20 OD 13.0 16.8 2.3 If! OD 9.6 5.8 32.2 :i 2.5 2.5 4 3._ Ins.0 12.5 3.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 89 ATTACHING FLANGES—WELD NECK TYPE Labor—Aligning Flange and Butt Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH SERVICE PRESSURE RATING Size 150 Lb.9 14.1 4.0 5.8 3.2 10. 14 OD 8.4 15.7 6.0 5.3 10. 1.8 32.6 10. 600 Lb.7 7.9 21.6 2 11' 1.1 11.3 4.6 18. 300 Lb.5 _.2 1» 6.2 _ - 30 OD _ - 24.6 8 5.4 7.2 4.5 36.7 4.6 9._ _ 30.2 12.6 8.3 1. 2500 Lb.5 9.8 ») 4.2 23.3 7.8 10.5 22.5 18.0 14. 1500 Lb.8 12 7.5 36. Man hours are for any wall thickness of pipe used with listed flanges. 900 Lb.3 13. 49.7 26.1 18 OD 12.0 8.3 16.8 26. Unlisted sizes take the next highest listing.1 - _ 34 OD 36 OD - 42 OD _ Man hours include aligning.4 22.8 _ 34.6 3.8 9.4 28.3 7.4 18.5 10.0 4.9 10.3 14.7 - .8 4.7 6.4 6.6 3.8 2.7 _ 26 OD _ - 20.9 11.7 7.4 2.6 11.3 2.9 7.5 2.7 12.7 15.8 2.2 3.4 2.3 . . tack.0 6.1 4.5 12.9 16.6 _ 24 OD 17.8 52.3 12.

6 17.8 12. All man hours exclude cutting.6 Threaded Types 300 Lb.4 16.0 24 54. 20 45.7 _ Hi 33.6 9.3 24.2 _ 7.90 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION ATTACHING OBIPICE FLANOES—SLIP-ON AND THKEADED TYPES Carbon Steel Material MAN HOURS PER PAIR SERVICE PRESSURE RATING Size Ins.2 7. 3.2 28.0 3(i 98.5 28.2 12 24.2 13.3 - 1.1.4 25. 400-600 Lb.7 2V2 5.6 8.4 4. .0 4 8. placement of paddle-type plates.0 8 16.8 14 29.8 42 107.7 (i 12. placement of paddle-type plates.1 6.6 _ _._ _ Slip-On Types: Man hours include slipping on.3 _ IS 38. Threaded Types: Man hours include screwing on.2 - 30 80.2 5.6 _ _ - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - _ _ . 1 11/4 llK '> Slip-On Type 300 Lb.3 5. See respective tables for these man hours.2 4.2 5.2 37. and bolting of pair of orifice flanges.0 24.7 1(» 20.0 21.2 _ 7.2 _ 7. or threading of pipe.2 19.7 12.6 47.0 10.2 5.2 32. 900-1500 Lb.8 '3 7..2 _ 7. 5.4 21. and bolting up of pair of orifice flanges. welding.8 4.2 17.7 - 34 92.0 26 71. beveling.

9 28.8 7. 32. See respective tables for these man hours. aligning.5 _ _ .8 17.-.1 7.5 45..8 63.8 11. L500 Lb.6 _ 7.3 35.4 7.2 5.4 57.9 60.8 55.9 89.8 liM 5.2 7.4 19.2 50.1 7.1 37.4: 37. .Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 91 ATTACHING ORIFICE FLANGES—WELD NECK TYPE Carbon Steel Material MAN HOURS PER PAIR SERVICE PRESSURE RATING 600 Lb.2 12.0 116.6 47.6 41.2 26.4 — _ 5.1 41.5 21.4 54.„„-.0 25.9 27.8 38.H 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 26 30 34 36 42 5. 900 Lb.»„.1 10.0 27.2 7.3 76.8 7.3 28.1 83.6 28._ _ I i ..8 122.4 58.8 70.1 30.5 10.1 14.2 5.. Man hours exclude cutting and beveling of pipe.4 24.2 80.6 22.8 25.2 7.0 10.5 16.-.9 13.2 5.2 10.4 12.3 18.8 _ _ — 400 Lb.2 49.2 7..4 91.8 39.9 20.4 13.7 59.3 7.8 lie 2 3 4 6 .4 36. I 5.3 34. placement of paddle-type plates.8 39.1 7.7 16.8 67.4 8. Size Ins.3 29. welding.-„„—„ Man hours include setting.6 44. and bolting up of pair of orifice flanges.7 32.1 17.4 25.4 7.4 5. 300 Lb.2 20.8 80.

should be charged at full butt weld preheating and stress relieving man hours for the size and thickness in which the backing ring is installed. Consumable Inserts: When consumable inserts are used. 50%. 1) When backing rings are tack welded in on one side. add the following percentages to the welding man hours to cover extra problems in fit-up: 1) Through 1/2" wall 2) Over l/2"through 1"wall 3) Over l"through 2"wall 4) Over 2" through 3" wall 5) Over 3" wall 40% 30% 20% 15% 10% . 3) Preheating and stress relieving. 3) When nozzle welds are to be located on a fitting increase nozzle weld man hours 50%. Shaped Nozzles. Nozzle Weld fit-ups and Dummy Nozzle Welds: These should be charged at a percentage of the completed nozzle weld man hours as follows: 1) Shaped branch 2) Shaped hole in header 3) Fit-up of both branch or header (whether tack-welded or not) 4) Dummy nozzle weld (no holes in header) 50% 50% 60% 70% Sloping Lines: Add 100% to all welding man hours for this condition. In addition the following percentages should be added if applicable. add 30% to the man hours of a standard thickness butt weld. when required.92 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION GENERAL WELDING NOTES Backing Rings: When backing rings are used. add 10% to the man hours of a standard thickness butt weld. Nozzle Welds: Following percentage increases should be allowed for the following conditions: 1) When nozzle welds are to be located off-center of the run (except tangential) increase man hours shown for nozzle welds. Long-neck Nozzle Welds: The welding-on of long neck nozzles should be charged at the schedule 160 reinforced nozzle weld man hours. add 25% to the welding man hours to cover extra problems in fit-up. 2) When backing rings are completely welded in on one side. 2) Add 80% to nozzle welds for tangential nozzle welds.

1 6.4 6.1 3. For Geneml Notes on welding.2 13. Preheating: If specified or required by codes.4 15.0 _- 2.8 0. 1 -- 1.1 5. Add 50% to butt weld man hours.4 5.8 3.0 1.4 19. add for this operation.8 59.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 93 Man Hours—Welding Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.3 2.1 1.1 2.5 . Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made.0 6.0 5. Cutting and Beveling Pipe: Man hours do not include cutting and beveling of pipe.0 1.2 20.9 22.0 1.9 1.0 49.7 33.3 11.2 16.2 25.3 8.8 0.1 4.8 -- 2-1/2 3 .7 5.3 8.3 13.4 21.4 1.6 5.0 29. use schedule 160 man hours.0 3.2 35.0 7.9 10.9 9.4 6.3 5. for butt welds of double extra strong materials..9 2. Mitre Welds.3 1. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.8 0.4 1.8 3. See respective tables for these charges. 2.8 0.8 5.9 2 1.4 1. See man hours for stress relieving.0 12 3.2 1.1 -- 6 2. 2.3 3-1/2 1.8 6.8 0.0 1.6 3.6 — -2.3 1. see page 92. All sizes of butt welds shown below the ruled lines are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.S..0 -__ 3.6 1 9.3 4. . Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel materials is required by the A.9 40.5 16.6 4.6 6.7 0.A.3 19.6 -- 1.0 6.9 6. -— -__ 30 __ __ -__ ___ 40 0.8 -- 1.8 20.5 26.6 20 OD 24 OD 6. Extra Standard Heavy Pipe Pipe & OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 __ 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 0.2 60 __ --__ __ 80 0.9 43.8 9.3 __ 1.6 5.5 11.8 4.8 1.5 8.8 19.9 -- 13.2 12.1 3.2 HOD 16 OD 18 OD 4.7 4.6 -- 4 1.0 25.7 0.1 17. 1.1 I 6.7 25.1 4.0 2.7 5 1.3 Pipe Thickness: Wail thickness of the pipe determines the man hours that will apply.4 9.9 7.4 -- 1.6 13.0 6.3 __ 100 __ _--_ __ __ __ 120 140 1 160 .5 -- 8 2.7 3.5 -_.0 1. See man hours for preheating.5 1.7 27.6 3.7 2.6 3._--_ -- 1. code for pressure piping.8 8.9 37.8 0.6 31.8 0.1 -— 2.6 L8 -__ 2.6 10 3.7 -.3 4.6 8.6 4.4 12.3 5.0 3.

.2 26.9 240. „ -- -81.1 193..0 For General Notes on welding.8 189..4 82.1 140.3 129. 55...2 94..50 5.7 173.9 252.8 66..6 29.1 71.2 72.1 49.94 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION MANUAL HEAVY WALL BUTT WELDS Labor for Welding Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .25 2.3 78..5 64. - 3.6 39.1 4.4 108.5 41.5 251.2 .7 8.3 62.9 84.1 16..3 16.75 4. .7 42..00 2.8 240.8 -- .00 189.1 107. „ 159.4 42.5 46.9 72.8 96. . „ -­ . .1 295.7 .6 19.25 4.7 204.9 82.4 15...5 92..6 275.. ..4 209. -- „ -- 10.4 31.4 32..5 10.3 2.7 6.4 89. .8 46.7 3.6 36.25 36.5 276.1 319. -- .4 4.00 4.6 23.9 105.750 2.25 „ 5.2 22.0 13. .2 23..3 82.00 3..8 298.7 27.4 124.. .8 8. ..1 49.7 174. -- -­ .00 5.75 3.7 6.1 37. „ .2 268.4 13.8 95.8 154..3 32.. .9 225.00 3. -- 1.2 19.6 124.. -- 1.3 119.5 203.8 48.1 13.4 91.3 .75 5.7 4.4 8. - 12.5 114.3 62.75 2.50 — 6.0 109.9 56.1 23.6 262..25 5. .2 35.5 43.1 55.50 3.7 54.9 27..5 20.5 1. .4 18.0 10.75 6.50 .7 99.50 .5 .7 - .1 167. see pages 92 and 93.4 54.7 72.3 219.8 223..9 75.3 63. -.1 135..2 27. - 1.6 216.0 .6 147.

5 33.8 32.8 90.9 83.9 39.5 37.2 313.6 118.9 34.8 276.7 34.0 68.7 90.2 15.4 171.2 24.75 4.1 127.1 298.25 1.1 85. see pages 92 and 93.7 109.2 107.3 119.9 21.7 29.7 28.2 22.1 65.1 92.75 6.50 1.9 58.5 61.0 298.5 34.3 137.7 345.6 53.0 85.7 345.4 49.4 18.5 298.6 76.9 250.0 58.4 76.1 394.2 40.0 83.4 112.2 319.1 26.0 67.4 46.1 301.25 3.3 106.6 57.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 95 MANUAL LARGE O.25 5.00 5.2 2.2 37.4 365.9 109.8 48.5 99.2 153.3 340.7 367.1 79.4 23.00 1.3 222.5 134.75 2.2 180.4 27.9 237.3 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 For General Notes on welding.6 322.7 478.7 68.6 323.8 185.4 46.0 4.0 117.4 43.1 52.2 150. BUTT WELDS Labor for Welding Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH O.5 55.750 1.0 99.1 319.9 67.5 49.0 343.5 138.9 82.75 5.6 421.2 91.2 17.6 52.25 4.6 75.7 174.5 400.3 161.5 180.50 5.7 138.9 244.5 24.8 66.9 20.375 .9 79.4 195.3 75.0 161.75 2.3 68.3 343.8 74.3 54.4 26.6 445.0 36.50 2.8 42.9 360.D.3 71.3 104.9 99.4 10.5 15.0 91. .7 78.9 258.D.5 126.5 46.9 387.4 192.4 69.5 371.3 45.2 159.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 61.9 118.4 281.3 31.3 222.5 104.0 11.50 3.5 225.2 144.2 92.1 15.9 391.4 82.00 3.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 203.9 42.5 132.1 16.0 46.1 282.9 101.9 250.5 19.00 8.1 59. Pipe Inches WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .9 209.4 261.8 116.5 412.8 299.4 277.9 21.0 126.5 24.0 52.75 3.3 39.4 13.8 43.0 117.4 366.9 142.0 12.500 .3 337.7 280.0 268.7 6.0 59.4 71.5 96.9 62.1 41.3 196.0 110.5 150.3 68.3 219.6 36.7 56.0 424.3 62.0 31.2 109.8 234.7 29.5 92.50 4.9 126.7 451.7 123.2 209.9 110.2 322.0 27.7 58.1 170.2 243.2 52.9 261.3 98.

3 8. -- „ - 6.4 51.6 - 10. -- 3. The size and wall thickness of the header (not the size of the nozzle) determines the preheating man hours.8 36.9 . Standard Pipe & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick Extra Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 60 20 30 .2 2.6 .1 25. See man hours for stress relieving.1 27.0 53.6 21.0 69. -- .4 21.2 2-1/2 3 21 10.2 3. 7.5 5.2 10.1 44.6 15.6 15.A.8 90. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving.6 35.4 .7 24 OD 14..5 8 6.9 16 OD 10.9 6.3 6.3 9.7 41.1 7.0 5. Preheating: If specified or required by codes.7 77.8 3.6 10.. -- 3.2 3.. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel materials is required by the A.9 -- 8.S.7 28.9 12.2 26.3 7.9 -- -- 5. code for pressure piping.1 8.9 All nozzles other than 90 ° should be charged at the man hours shown for 45" nozzles.5 2..2 21..8 — -- .1 10.8 8. .4 4.3 32.0 64.3 8. 40 100 120 140 160 2.6 16.5 10 7.0 -- 5.7 39.6 16.9 „ -- .0 18.9 13. -- 2. - 4.2 19.6 . where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.3 18 OD 11. use schedule 160 man hours.7 .9 34. -- 2 2.8 69.4 2.6 16.. add 25% to the net man hours shown above....7 55.2 2. .3 11.1 3.1 -- 6.0' 80 22 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2.0 I 23.6 38.2 18.6 5 5.8 14.4 13.8 . or by the use of reinforcing rings or saddles as specified use man hours for 90° reinforced nozzles. All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.1 9.2 20. For General Notes on welding.6 4.6 3-1/2 4 4.9 47.. etc.3 32.6 15.3 6.1 6. see page 92.8 12 8. as stiffeners not for reinforcement.1 17. Reinforcement: Man hours given above are for plain welded nozzles only.2 27. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made.0 18. -- „ -- 5.8 _. For nozzles of double extra strong pipe thickness.4 2.0 22.8 77. Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply.3 11.9 60.1 11. add for this operation.6 9.7 34. j - .2 20 OD 13.0 15.3 22.5 2.0 - 8.3 12.1 3.5 41.4 2.5 28.1 19.4 30..4 7.4 4.9 : HOD 9.6 — „ - .2 2.3 8.0 55..3 13.96 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 90° WELDED NOZZLES Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins. •- 3.9 3. For use of gusset plates.7 6 5.4 45. See man hours for preheating.7 46.1 3.9 7.3 13..7 4. - 2.1 2.1 10.1 7.6 -- -- 4. If reinforcement is required and produced by building up the nozzle weld.1 49..3 5.

Preheating: If specified or required by code.5 — -- 7.1 18. Reinforcement: Man hours given above include the labor requirements for reinforcement produced by building up the nozzle weld.6 60.0 -- - 8.7 16.7 11.S.3 32.5 .3 20.5 61.1 26.7 16. See man hours for stress relieving. -- „ 12. Standard Pipe & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick Extra Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes 1/2 "Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 1-1/2 5.3 36. add for this operation.0 18 OD 19.4 85.6 98.1 12 14..9 17. or by the use of reinforcing rings or saddles as may be specified.3 20.4 14.9 65.7 11.5 39.0 10.0 31.4 32.6 55.4 - -- 5.0 16.9 8. - — - 5.7 7.5 60.2 26.4 -- 2 2-1/2 5.7 6 10.9 7..0 5. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.6 47.5 7.3 5.8 120 140 160 7.6 16 OD 17.8 24.0 -- 5.0 . For General Notes on welding. - .8 - 11.3 12.3 1 35.5 19.1 22.1 30.5 44.1 23.8 - 15.9 22.3 47.2 12.5 11. All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.1 26..0 46.8 24. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.7 12.7 14.3 5 9.3 27.4 59.2 17.9 10. code for pressure piping. n All Nozzles other than 90° should be charged at the man hours shown for 45" nozzles.2 ••••••Mil 20 OD 21.7 14 OD 16.9 7.1 - 10..1 54.. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made. For nozzles of double extra strong pipe thickness use schedule 160 man hours.0 - 12.2 18.0 34.0 17.7 16.6 21.3 26.7 99..4 45.5 15.5 23.9 23.0 115.1 SCHEDULE NUMBERS 12..8 84.8 57.6 70.8 39.4 18.3 14.0 — -- .0 59.A.8 5.3 87.8 8 11. .3 34..5 72.1 10. - 9.8 19. -- 6.7 7.9 8. - . -- 5.8 73. see page 92.2 14.8 11.3 30. See man hours for preheating.3 5. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving.5 [29.8 3 3-1/2 6.7 13.5 52.8 30.7 .8 .5 63.8 10 12.0 -- 4 8.8 52.2 24 OD 22.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 97 90° WELDED NOZZLES—REINFORCED Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.7 12.8 - - 9.2 15. Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply.1 40. The size and wall thickness of header (not the size of the nozzle) determines the preheating man hours.5 44.7 — -- .7 22.0 37.0 20.

9 177.1 138.6 280.5 100.1 173.1 68.00 2. .5 63.0 59.9 126.7 78.00 1.7 104.6 200.4 104.5 For General Notes on welding.5 53.6 53.3 107.4 162.8 153.6 64.4 151.5 146.3 31.8 120.1 60.7 46. and 97.3 132.2 249.0 108.1 113.3 153.4 103.00 2.6 40.5 69.3 128.0 194.1 89.50 1.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 24.25 1.5 180.6 63.0 94.3 144.5 250.4 168.6 122.8 66.4 144.8 198.9 194.7 226.8 80.8 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES REINFORCED 90° NOZZLE WELDS 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 .6 121.8 87.7 146.6 82.7 77.9 34.7 81.5 156.9 102.8 78.3 227.4 74.8 28.7 40.9 51.4 46.6 123.4 161.25 34.7 230.1 115.6 93.1 55.2 29.750 1. Pipe Inches .4 227.7 84.3 129.4 350.3 106.1 156.0 54.6 139.9 53.25 1.1 179.0 224.3 104.500 .6 58.75 2.4 145.3 106.0 162.0 138.2 38. see pages 92.7 160.9 89.4 311.1 152.6 102.5 196.4 184.5 68.4 86.6 167.8 95.3 138.08 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION LARGE O.5 63.2 123.6 202.0 102. 96.6 81.2 43.3 245.8 222.500 .375 .7 123.D.0 111.8 220.0 138.6 70.2 38.0 119.1 44.0 53.3 48.5 62.1 218.2 70.1 62. 90° NOZZLE WELDS Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH NON-REINFORCED 90° NOZZLE WELDS O.7 176.2 140.0 202.8 252.9 108.0 87.3 99.0 177.0 113.8 210.6 53.0 92.7 84.7 59.6 106.6 102.3 107.5 1 15.6 85.7 207.4 50.9 132.1 55.9 76.1 192.5 110.5 252.3 153.7 163.4 90.0 140.4 315.8 156.0 78.5 145.2 157.1 48.8 68.8 117.5 123.4 183.0 33.9 176.4 74.0 176.375 .4 278.0 125.7 79.8 93.6 99.9 116.4 154.9 110.9 171.2 89.8 66.4 121.2 280.7 130.8 74.2 161.2 99.50 1.6 78.3 79.1 45.5 137.75 2.0 95.8 45.2 59.6 149.1 122.D.5 87.1 95.5 213.0 138.1 68.3 38.3 131.3 58.0 92.750 1.4 132.6 90.7 180.1 71.4 74.4 95.1 33.0 45.4 113.00 1.3 201.

not for reinforcement.5 18. as stiffeners.6 9.9 81.0 120 38.5 6.1 ! 38.9 124..3 3.4 48.7 52.4 4 5 5.8 2.7 36.4 14.0 11.1 22.7 13.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 99 45° WELDED NOZZLES Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.3 25.6 43.4 14. General Notes: For additional notes on welding see page 92. — SCHEDULE NUMBERS 30 40 ""** 2._ — — — -- 9.6 12.3 46. .0 11.4 18. A.6 9.9 54.7 31.0 ________ 55.2 2.1 8.6 10.6 23.7 59. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.1 15. code for pressure piping.4 7.1 86.«.2 — 3.3 40..5 — — 6.7 7.5 j 34. See man hours for pre­ heating.7 28.4 16 OD 18 OD 14.4 30.9 3.8 -- 4.6 10 12 9.8 I 43.2 71.2 61.2 21.1 18.9 11.9 14 OO 12.9 5.9 16.1 8. add for this operation.5 1 48.8 35. or by the use of reinforcing rings or saddles as specified use man hours for 45° reinforced nozzles. — _—_ 5. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made. Reinforcement: Man hours given above are for plain nozzles only.6 64.6 .4 4.7 5. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving.7 — __ 25.9 35.1 5. use schedule 160 man hours.2 68. All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.6 21.9 -*~ .7 15.2 13.8 22.1 4.9 3. etc.5 .3 121.1 _— 3 3-1/2 4.6 45. The size and wall thickness of the header (not the size of the nozzle) determines the preheating man hours.4 14.1 100 140 160 ~ 4.6 9.8 4.7 26.8 10.6 8.7 7. Standard Extra Pipe Heavy Pipe 6 OD Sizes ft OD Sizes 3/8 "Thick 1/2" Thick 20 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2.3 3. 14. Preheating: If specified or required by codes.4 4.2 15.6 10. For use of gusset plates. See man hours for stress relieving.0 74.4 45. For nozzles of double extra strong pipe thickness.2 51.1 5.6 8.5 17.2 20.4 — 7.7 15.1 20.5 15.8 93.7 18.2 20 OD 24 OD 17..8 Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply.9 6.3 21.7 .1 8 8.9 9.9 3.7 80 2.4 104. -- 10.8 65.1 8 7.1 20.1 92.5 104.4 11.9 60 «.9 3.2 3.1 5.3 74..6 10. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.8 — 11.2 20. add 25% to the net man hours shown above.9 6.6 4.1 13.9 9.0 17.2 26.6 29.8 12.2 3.1 7.6 —— 2 2-1/2 3.8 2.S.11 28. If reinforcement is required and produced by building up the nozzle weld.

8 82.4 98.2 31.9 — _.3 85.6 -- 11.9 7.2 21.4 .1 6.5 15.0 32.9 60. Reinforcement: Man hours given above includes the labor requirements for reinforcement pro­ duced by building up the nozzle weld.8 70.9 52.._ 20.8 15.5 71.0 31.6 21.8 17.5 28.8 2 2-1/2 6. .6 38.2 59.1 1 44. add for this operation.8 13.8 97.8 17. where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater. See man hours for pre­ heating.2 76.9 87.0 .5 117. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.6 -- -- 16.7 10.2 25.1 35.3 3 3-1/2 8.5 21.6 35.4 32.5 79.2 21.2 13. 1-1/2 Standard Extra Pipe Heavy Pipe &OD Sizes &OD Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick 20 __ 7.8 15.4 32.8 39.6 45.8 93.2 84.7 26.7 29. code for pressure piping.8 -- — — — — _- 17.7 24.1 81.1 52. Where stress relieving is required an extra charge should be made.100 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 45° WELDED NOZZLES—KEINFORCED Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.2 70.5 140 160 . S.1 -- 6. 5 48. The size and wall thickness of the header (not the size of the nozzles) determines the preheating man hours.0 10.5 53.9 113. 13. .0 23.2 21.8 132.6 38.8 -- 7.7 51.8 -- „ 8..3 27.9 114.0 23.3 19. Preheating: If specified or required by codes.7 10.6 30. For General Notes on welding.7 9.9 65.1 -- 13.3 15.7 51.7 154.1 -.8 17. The size and wall thickness of the header determines the man hours to be used for stress relieving* All pipe sizes shown below the ruled line are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.4 50.3 19.2 40.1 6 8 10 12 MO D 16 OD 18 OD 20 OD 24 OD 17.7 62.5 28. or by the use of reinforcing rings or saddles as may be specified. — 120 7. For nozzles of double extra strong pipe thickness.9 71.3 21.7 25.6 26.4 35.5 11.7 23.6 4 5 11.5 11.4 45.1 13.4 62.5 13.3 19.3 14.2 82.0 23. A.2 _.8 7. 10.7 9.6 30.4 44. 13.7 43..9 7.7 25. use schedule 160 man hours.4 131.1 20.8 18.5 27.8 17.2 — .6 37.2 29._ __ — — SCHEDULE NUMBERS 30 — 40 60 80 100 6.1 Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of the pipe used for the nozzle determines the man hours that will apply..2 29. 10.1 21. see page 92.5 15.1 15. See man hours for stress relieving.

7 79.8 95.75 2.6 93.5 302.6 193.2 37.2 80.0 259.5 156.2 60.8 262.1 71.6 80.3 209.7 336.00 2.3 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES REINFORCED 45* NOZZLE WELDS 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 .5 165.2 147.8 194.1 145.0 78.7 139.4 231.1 259.7 118.6 194.0 202.3 208.4 133.5 144.5 204.1 173.4 112.5 162.8 187.8 42.4 174.0 296.6 136.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 48 54 60 33.8 332.50 1.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 101 LARGE O.4 83.5 288.7 61.D. see pages 92.9 226.6 53.1 141.3 218.7 90.0 302.7 143.7 182.9 91.6 320.8 268.5 159.8 66.2 176.3 127.9 172.9 214.8 124.3 99.3 235.6 254.6 46.8 89.25 45.2 71.3 203.1 138.8 333.3 224.375 .4 244.0 57.2 165. and 9"i .2 132.6 71.9 199.0 91.4 106.6 61.500 .25 1.6 84.7 266.7 184.4 70.5 75.4 10S.6 125.2 105.8 94.5 86.2 148.0 140.3 107.1 215.2 171.00 1.5 146.0 104.5 108.3 150.1 415.1 335.750 1.5 192.7 68.0 143.6 240.375 .9 137.9 127.00 2.2 114.8 134.4 123.1 154.4 118.4 161.7 290.8 99.1 126.7 123.1 327.0 149.8 132.7 187.6 72.9 371.8 154.7 83.6 176.4 194.3 215.1 74.4 136.7 303.9 51.3 267.8 276.2 168.4 163.2 119.4 138.8 234.6 109.4 150.3 155.7 162.3 91.6 116.7 183.1 53.2 204.5 374.1 223.D.4 62.6 296.8 269.0 38.6 64.6 224.9 64.8 280.2 161.7 44.0 77.3 95.9 283.6 307.7 133.8 237.3 60.3 101.3 163.0 For General Notes on welding.25 1.4 51.7 256.2 245.8 207.75 2. 96.8 120.6 216.6 104.4 421.500 .9 176.5 241.3 99.2 155.2 112.0 164.5 374. 45° NOZZLE WELDS Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH NON-REINFORCED 45° NOZZLE WELDS O.2 119.0 84.2 204.9 185.6 192.6 235.6 140.6 236.2 124.1 51.2 207.9 58.1 468.5 184.00 1.4 183.8 214.750 1.5 103.4 73.0 161.8 124.5 99.1 88.0 104.5 142.8 78. Pipe Inches .0 84.2 44.50 1.0 116.7 184.1 112.8 116.

6 10.8 10.1 2.4 — 3 3-1/2 2.6 29._ — Pipe Thickness: The wall thickness of the pipe determines the man hours that will apply.2 6 8 10 12 1400 16 OD 18 OD 20 OD 24 OD 13.3 38.8 5 3. 2.4 23.8 6. 3.9 7.8 50.7 27.5 4.6 22. For swedged ends on double extra strong pipe thickness.4 — -~~ 3.4 19.6 1.8 10.4 27.6 20.9 45.8 -- 2.8 2.1 5.1 59.0 2.2 — 4 2.0 51.8 35.8 — 18.4 — -- 3.0 2.7 43.5 22.1 59.102 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION CONCENTRIC SWEDGED ENDS Labor For Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins. Ends: All man hours are based on ends being furnished either plain or beveled for welding.„ -- -- — -.5 — — 13.6 26.1 76.9 9.2 9.4 16.5 34.3 7.7 14.8 3. Standard Extra Heavy Pipe Pipe &OD Sizes 6 OD Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick 20 2 2-1/2 1.2 — 12.6 19. use schedule 160 man hours.8 3.9 18.8 64. 34.4 23.8 43.3 — _.2 _-- — 15.9 — — — — 29.8 3.5 36.5 -- 2.3 45.2 3.8 — 2.4 -- 6.6 12.1 2.6 27.5 — — — 11.8 4.6 5..9 5.7 43.5 36. .6 24.6 32.8 — -- 39.3 4.2 — -- 5.6 19.4 35.3 68.6 SCHEDULE NUMBERS 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 — 1.1 7.0 50.8 6.4 .3 _.1 13._ . .5 4.3 2.1 7.6 1.2 9.2 -- -- 4.9 62.0 11.8 15.6 19. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.4 — — -_.

4 140 __ 160 3.8 19.0 .1 100 __ — __ __ .7 13.8 2.0 36.8 4 3. 1.3 7.0 16.6 .5 45.2 „ „_ .1 — 24.7 MOD 2.5 5 4.9 3 3-1/2 2.3 — -- 10.5 54.1 13.2 2.6 80.8 3.1 9. .6 60 __ — 80 2.2 27.9 3.9 4.1 — — __ — 3CHEDU LENU1HBERS 30 40 _.7 — — — — M Ri ^ 91.1 — — -- 4. 6.9 43.2 20...5 — -- 16 OD 27.4 27.1 4.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 103 ECCENTBIC SWEDQED ENDS Labor For Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.0 2.5 32.2 47.0 4.9 — 20. For swedged ends on double extra strong pipe thickness.4 14. __ Pipe Thickness: The wall thickness of the pipe determines the man hours that will apply.4 40.4 85.8 7. 9 O R1 a 1 31.9 — 7.0 10..4 40. ..0 68.9 7.5 60. 20 OD 36.. Ends: All man hours are based on ends being furnished either plain or beveled for welding. use schedule 160 man hours. 2 Extra Standard Heavy Pipe Pipe &OD Sizes it OD Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick 20 2-1/2 1.3 2..6 52.9 32.8 64. R1 01.0 6 4.2 3.2 3.5 20.8 100.1 21.2 — -- — 7.8 89.9 56.7 21.0 16.6 — 5. J n<9 tA o*.1 25.1 24.8 58.6 3.7 -- 18 OD 32.3 11.0 — — — — — — — — 8 7.9 7.4 12.0 37.1 — — — 22. f\W\ \JLJ 11.8 2.8 32.3 68.3 10 10.4 31.0 6. — 10.2 2.0 62.0 . Unlisted Sixes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.4 30.3 2.6 32.4 19.2 12 13.0 10.9 36. — 120 — — __ — 7.1 45.5 4.2 19.

1 20.7 12.5 46.0 9.3 — 2.7 12 5.1 58.6 — Pipe Thickness: Wall thickness of pipe determines the man hours that will apply.5 — __ -- 2. saddle.3 3 3-1/2 1.3 18 7. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.0 7.3 2.. 8.3 12.7 3.6 3.3 3.3 4.5 37.5 1.9 12. or flat plate type.9 56.6 23.9 16.2 1. If specified or required by codes.8 27.2 1.7 8.6 5.3 2.3 1. All sizes of butt welds shown below the ruled lines are 3/4" or greater in wall thickness and must be stress relieved.4 23.8 2.8 2. See man hours for pre­ heating.4 9.3 .8 19.9 15.2 -- — __ 1.0 24. 7.3 20 9. 120 140 — -- — XX Hy. if the end closure involves a circumferential weld.8 1.8 47.9 10. or 160 1-1/2 0.7 4.7 21.7 12.7 4.6 8.0 18. Standard Pipe Pipe Size & OD Sizes Ins.5 16.5 9. 6 2.9 1.8 79.9 10.104 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION END CLOSURES—PRESSURE TYPE Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nom.1 4 1.6 31. Unlisted Sizes: Unlisted sizes take the next higher listing.8 29.5 32.5 1.5 — 14. S.2 21.8 2.6 14. Preheating. Code for pressure piping where the wall thickness is 3/4" or greater.5 — . A.6 2.0 0. 3/8" Thick Extra Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 40 60 80 100 0.1 1.4 -- 5.3 1.8 3.7 7. Where stress relieving is required.8 18 9.7 9.8 67.6 71.0 35.9 .9 32. See man hours for stress relieving.9 28. For double strong pipe thickness use schedule 160 man hours.8 _..2 33.6 42. 5 2. Construction: End closures such as orange peel.9 .9 2 2-1/2 1.6 -- 1. add for this operation.9 44.5 7.8 23.5 16.3 1.9 2. ..2 15.0 11.9 19.6 5.2 6.6 8.8 10 4.9 4. an extra charge should be made.4 1.2 42.5 1..7 14 6.3 8 3.3 13.7 13.1 24 10.S 4.1 52.

8 16.6 — — — — — _ 1.7 _ — — — - 14.9 150.50 3.A._ - _ _ _ _ — _ __ - 25.8 72. Code of Pressure Piping where the wall thickness is s/4" or greater.1 36.0 62.75 _ _ 2.7 133. .50 __ 1.1 69.7 117. add for this operation.7 46.25 _ 9. orange peel.9 127.6 158.00 _ 8. See respective man hour tables for stress relieving.5 111.50 5.00 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 44.5 86.25 4.8 62.1 112. End closures as such are field fabricated closures.1 29.9 162.4 99.4 76. See man hours for preheating.6 18.6 88.9 33.8 2.25 _ _ _ _ 1.0 116.7 53.75 3.8 66.5 156. or flat plate type.2 82.8 27.2 101.5 26.8 134.9 15.4 _ 3 4 5 6 8 10 !•> ii. Preheating: If specified or required by codes.7 30.25 2.9 62.00 20 22 24 142.7 92.00 5.1 21.1 152.6 200.50 _ _ __ — 10. 1 136.8 51.5 98.5 19. _.50 — _ _ _ .2 127. if end closure involves a circumferential weld.8 4.6 103.6 61.2 95.4 177.9 3.2 90.6 117.0 183.1 9.1 66.7 66.3 145.3 _ _ _ - — _ — .8 121.25 5.8 23. 14 16 18 20 22 24 _ _ _ _ j 1.4 111.6 166.8 _.75 5.00 4.8 57.1 54. saddle.0 22.9 41.75 6.3 173.8 41.3 194. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A._ — 3.0 58.S..9 183.2 140.9 96.8 68.8 39.0 146.6 80.4 28.5 122.1 147.4 Construction.5 162.7 109.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 105 HEAVY WALL END CLOSURES—PRESSURE TYPE Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size WALL THICKNESS IN.8 171.5 47.00 2.8 106.7 164.3 47.7 24.0 178.8 27.3 72.7 _ _ _ — — _ 132.1 _ 79.2 72.9 104.6 119.7 77.6 128.750 5. Al! the above butt welds are 3/4" or greater and must be stress relieved.9 13.2 102.8 92.3 82.6 11.8 76. .4 93.75 4.5 98.4 _ 69.1 188.8 87.8 108.8 105.7 168.3 139.4 157.1 152.

acid for this operation.3 248.0 67.2 85.3 150.7 261.6 135.7 62.0 81.9 95.6 92.75 26 28 225.6 130.4 211.2 121.3 69.9 71.6 72.5 189.0 140.00 182.8 134.25 4. .4 204.5 65.0 60.4 167.7 66.5 205.9 127.0 248.25 1.6 96.5 40.7 138.1 266.6 122.0 230.8 44.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 114.0 231.2 47.1 5. if the end closure involves a circumferential weld.750 through 6.2 54.5 203.8 222.4 174.4 194.5 40.5 79.6 46.0 254.0 69.6 109.9 204.1 144.4 119.A.7 108.1 223.6 97.0 219.00 3. See man hours for preheating.6 189.2 98.75 4.8 283.0 45.0 249.6 52.4 77.1 136.1 65.9 38.2 159.9 133.00 1.6 178.2 100.5 4.6 160.8 108. In.50 3.5 160.750 1.5 105.8 200.1 246.4 42.3 256.7 157.1 124.1 171.5 144.00 5.3 176.2 258.500 .3 113. 26 28 30 82 84 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 .0 41.0 96.8 58. Code of Pressure Piping where the wall thickness is .2 57.7 73.8 222.9 80.1 195.25 2.1 165.0 103.2 133.4 196.00 33. See respective table for stress relieving.3 76.2 170.S.6 105.9 163.6 107.6 83. Stress Relieving: Stress relieving of welds in carbon steel material is required by the A.6 101. or flat plate type. Preheating: If specified or required by codes.5 101.1 149.7 166.9 135.00 must be stress relieved.2 117.2 112.6 113.5 80 32 34 36 Construction: End closures as such are field fabricated closures.7 197.2 95.25 3.3 211.1 241.8 58.2 88.4 47.9 220.6 92.6 53. saddle.2 5.0 171.7 179.7 272.4 93.7 111.2 234. Pipe WALL THICKNESS IN.1O6 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION LARGE O.50 218.9 192.1 62.2 129.7 140.9 187.6 257.7 117.8 187.9 152.2 102.6 60.50 2.2 145.3 240.7 116.3 115.4 238.4 205.5 56.0 50.7 214.4 126.2 88.5 135.6 242. PIPE END CLOSURES—PRESSURE TYPE Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH O.7 229.4 54.1 210.2 36.9 179.6 5.3 154.8 213.2 125.7 266.9 87.0 152.0 146. Above wall thickness .8 185.D.2 118.1 188.9 284.8 35.0 149.8 232.75 142.0 226.75 3.50 1.8 239.0 141.9 89.1 248.2 168.5 76.1 197.1 173.8 275.2 2.5 232.5 85.7 157.1 86.9 179.5 75.3 124. orange peel.4 214.6 292.5 143.4 275.7 43.9 160.5 82.6 265.4 51.875 .7 123.3 145.50 4.1 163.4 130.3 129.D.6 154.25 6.75 2.1 49.V4" or greater.7 151.

0 1. 100 & Sch.0 2.0 SOCKET WELDS Sch.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 107 90° COUPLING WELDS AND SOCKET WELDS Labor for Cutting and Welding Carbon Steel Material Pipe Size Inches 90°— 3000 * Coupling Weld 90°— 6000 # Coupling Weld 1/2 "or less 3/4 1.9 0.6 3 4.6 5.9 0.1 4.8 2.2 0.8 1.3 1.9 3.5 1.D.5 2.3 3. If couplings are to be welded to the I.D.4 2.9 4.8 1. Socket welds do not include cut.2 0.6 0. add 50% to the above man hours.40&80 Heavier Pipe Pipe Man hours shown are for welding of coupling to the O. of the pipe only. of the pipe. .2 2 2-1/2 3. For couplings welded at angles less than 45% increase above man hours 75%.7 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2. For pipe thickness up to 1 inch.1 2. add an additional 12% for each 1/4 inch or fraction thereof of pipe thickness over 1 inch.6 1.0 1. Any coupling welded to pipe heavier than schedule 160 should be man houred as a 6000 pound coupling.6 2. See respective man hour table for this charge.4 2.6 0. For couplings welded at angles from 45° to less than 90° and couplings attached to fittings increase above man hours 50%.6 0.6 1.7 0.

4 36. etc.9 58.8 Extra Strong and 3000 # 2.1 33. For elbolet or latrolet welds and weldolets.7 10.2 91.7 16.9 4.9 108..8 5.8 30.9 6.0 2.6 11. in which case the man hours are based on the outlet size and run schedule.4 76.4 27.9 73.4 7.7 44.3 13.0 98.5 26.5 3.7 40.9 30.1 130.3 9.1 2.7 4.5 2.0 7.8 121.4 Greater Than Extra Strong and 6000 # 2.0 18.8 8. add 50% to the above man hours.9 8. thredolets.5 1.9 3.5 Man hours are based on the outlet size and schedule except when the run schedule is greater than the outlet schedule.5 23.0 3.2 2.7 9.7 13.3 3.2 44.6 19.9 32.3 7.3 63.9 10.6 5.9 6.0 100.7 53.7 62.8 4.6 19.3 2.0 23.9 39.IOS Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 'OLET TYPE WELDS Labor Cutting And Welding Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size Outlet 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 14 16 16 18 18 20 20 24 24 Header All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes All Sizes 14' And 16" 18" And Larger 16" And 18" 20" And Larger 18" And 20" 24 "And Larger 20 "And 24" 26" And Larger 24 "And 26" 28 "And Larger Standard Weight And 2000 # 1.9 35.8 2.2 28. add 150% to the above man hours.8 21.7 29.9 3.7 52. that are attached to fittings or welded at any angle other than 90°. For sweepolet attachment welds. .4 22.4 25.7 70.5 9.

0.17 0. .D.24 0.70 0.05 2.45 0..15 1.64 0.78 „ ..84 5.86 1.43 1. .91 2.21 0.24 0.38 0.66 3. threading. 0..61 2.71 2.93 3.76 1.44 1. Pipe& O D Sizes 1/2" Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0.61 2.21 0.37 6.66 „ „ „ . etc.71 2.30 1. add 50% to the above man hours.96 2.83 3.15 0.24 1.98 1.24 3.65 2.10 0.90 2.21 0. add 100% to the above man hours.64 0. 0.30 „ .28 0.33 0.41 0.30 2.48 1.70 0.13 2.70 0.30 2.83 3.66 3.24 2.59 3.21 0. 0. .36 0.72 4.13 4.28 0.12 0.14 1.09 1.84 0. .17 0..37 1.D.67 1. add 50% to the above man hours.64 0..42 1.28 0. . Standard Pipe& 3/8 "Thick Extra Hvy.31 -.19 3.86 1.64 0.73 1.98 1.46 0.15 0.D.42 2..46 0.36 0. See appropriate man hour tables for these operations. ..60 „ .D.95 „ -„ 0.12 0.08 o n Sis»» V AA^.09 1. 24 O.48 3.23 0.15 0.37 0.01 2.D.. 0. Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling.92 1. 20 O. For mitre cuts 30° or greater.78 2..30 4.21 0.46 0.10 0.45 0. 16 O.98 1.33 0.01 2.44 0. For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 109 FLAME CUTTING PIPE—PLAIN ENDS Labor For Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Pipe Size Inches 2" Or Less 2-1/2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14O. kjleas SCHEDULE NUMBERS For mitre cuts less than 30°.73 2. 18O. .09 1..64 0.99 1.63 1.97 1.36 2.09 1.46 0. .56 0.64 0.49 0.30 3.48 0.42 1..15 0.78 2.09 1..59 0.92 1..30 1.60 0.

.75 5.84 6. 8.54 2. - .89 3..25 4.30 1. — - „ .00 17.61 7.00 5..14 6..84 4.HO Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION FLAME CUTTING HEAVY WALL PIPE—PLAIN ENDS Labor For Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES . .84 4.25 15.02 8. 2.57 13.77 21.49 8.84 -- --- -- .50 3.07 4.92 15.09 10.60 .75 4.94 16. add 100% to the above man hours.77 2.49 8. .48 3..79 10.. .23 19.14 6.27 5.13 3..77 3. For cutting the ends of bends or trimming fittings.64 17.63 14. „ 1..89 .. .94 1. -- 2.60 6.50 1.72 26.15 6.24 2..94 0.13 4.79 9..13 3.31 5.14 „ For mitre cuts less than 30°.92 13.50 4. .00 0.60 19.14 6. -..38 9.50 5.41 23.72 6. .59 1.35 22.50 10.61 6. add 50% to the above man hours.750 1.86 13.61 7.73 8. threading. 13.38 9.24 2.59 1.67 7. add 50% to the above man hours.70 19.25 1.64 20.60 5... — -- . - 1. .31 2.68 11.00 3.25 4.87 14.30 " 2.03 11. ..26 10.26 9..31 7.78 5..54 2. .77 3.. etc..19 3.00 18. .58 18.97 11.79 9...02 9..63 16.25 6.12 1.53 0.00 4.24 2.75 3.35 21.48 2.73 8.99 16.14 3.13 3.91 10.20 8.75 .96 4.75 6.00 2.37 4.84 7.50 „ . „ 2. .48 1.27 11.. -.22 4.47 5. 2. -- 3.72 5.56 12.39 12..11 18.92 8..25 4.46 .54 24. Man hours are for cutting pipe with plain ends only and do not include beveling.25 — .00 .72 4.77 22.78 20..10 6. For mitre cuts 30° or greater. See appropriate man hour tables for these operations.36 3. .65 1.02 5..50 — — .68 12.42 3.89 2..

84 7.78 5.25 5.00 22.46 17.20 8. see the bottom of page 110.20 8.00 18.00 5.26 9.75 16.63 12.27 12.15 12.42 23.97 10.28 15.50 28.91 8.93 17.50 2.14 6.67 7.73 8.22 13.20 7.21 13.50 5.06 20.49 7.61 27.63 14.57 13.10 13.74 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 For General.61 9.47 18.95 23.67 29.25 1.63 15.48 23.34 13.00 1.00 18.45 13.62 12.13 4.42 22.44 9.40 16.33 12.40 18.25 2.67 26.26 27.74 13.96 6.94 19.75 3.47 19.84 7.20 7.32 6.81 15.38 8.62 10.52 15.22 14.50 7.49 8.55 8.43 25.61 9.10 15.97 10.62 10.39 11.75 6.90 24.75 5.31 7.68 12.74 13.99 16.38 10.03 28.09 30.91 7.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 111 FLAME CUTTING LARGE O.65 21.74 11.39 19.99 15.68 12.25 5.61 6.46 19.79 9.97 10.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 4.41 21.69 14.09 9.50 1.81 15.20 7. r>-_ _ ripe Inches .81 16.52 16.21 28.92 12.18 21.16 14.62 10.57 14.62 10.99 17.43 6.06 20.68 12.11 17.75 2.92 12.38 11.45 14. Notes.67 27.23 16.59 22.73 6.39 13.79 9.58 16.20 8.91 8.92 14.67 7.79 10.91 9.26 9.16 16.04 12.97 12.53 20.79 9.95 21.29 8.00 3.87 14.87 15.72 8.49 5.50 4.05 19.75 4.26 9.14 6. PIPE-PLAIN ENDS Labor for Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES O.84 7.39 12.50 11.03 28.27 11.55 28.72 24.78 25.73 26.25 4.69 17.13 20.15 11.22 15.57 15.92 13.85 18.49 7.04 13.27 12.00 18.19 24.500 .00 21.D.92 13.50 30.14 26.93 16.02 8.50 10.91 19.87 14.375 .50 3.44 20.20 6.81 14.32 18.87 17.25 3.97 29.00 23.57 13.53 17.25 25.08 27.52 18.19 25.68 11.34 15.00 8.34 14.78 26.79 9.62 11.26 9.51 16.12 4.10 13.85 10.57 12.07 5.27 11.00 23.14 8.55 8.83 2.45 11.37 25.53 20.14 8.D.44 9.22 14.60 22.53 19.750 1.30 22. .

12 0. .86 1.77 0.55 0.D.16 0.12 0.37 0.86 0.08 0.20 -- 0.D.27 0.55 .16 0.14 3 0.55 0.68 0.82 1. 0.35 -- 0. -- -- -- - 20O.26 -- 0.72 0.27 1.28 „ 0..16 4 0. See respective man hour tables for these charges.20 0.D.35 1.37 0.77 0. Above man hours are for flame "V" beveling only and do not include cutting or internal machining..58 1. 0.35 1.49 8 0.57 1. 2.18 0.35 .16 .60 2.12 -- 0. Pipe Pipe& Pipe& Size Inches O. 18 O. 0.45 - 0.13 1.91 1. -- „ -- 0.D.51 0.04 2.32 .72 0.86 1..08 0.12 0.15 -- -- - - 240. 0.09 -- 2 "or less 2-1/2" 0.D.31 -- - - 16O.86 0.37 0._ 10 0.14 „ . -_ „ -- 0. add 50% to the above man hours.04 2.78 0.55 0.D.30 1..74 2.75 .51 0.02 0.58 1.39 20 30 40 60 ..51 0.77 .35 - -- 0.68 1.30 - 0.77 1.11 1.16 -- 0.22 0. 1.D.40 1.95 2.51 0.51 0. 0.60 0.22 5 0.88 - -- -- -- -- - 0-22 - For mitre bevels add 50% to the above man hours.02 1.37 0.95 12 0. For beveling on the ends of bends or shop trimmed fittings. Sizes O.51 0.86 0.11 1.26 0..28 6 0.18 - - 14O.112 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION FLAME BEVELING PIPE FOR WELDING "V" Type Bevels Labor for Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Standard Extra Hvy.. Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2 "Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 80 100 120 140 160 „ - 0.. 1.09 0.46 0.08 1.

68 5. add 50% to the above man hours.500 .375 .47 40 6.79 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES For Mitre Bevels add 50% to the above man hours.66 8.87 28 3.85 8.18 42 7.D.63 10.41 10.80 7.17 7.59 8.750 26 3. D.95 6.45 11.27 4.25 12.31 4.89 11.00 5. For beveling on the ends of bends or shop trimmed fittings.48 9.95 34 4.24 30 4.05 5. Above man hours are for flame "V" beveling only and do not include cutting or internal machining.47 6.89 46 9.69 32 4.84 5.96 44 8. .39 6.43 36 5.10 7.39 5.43 5. See respective man hour tables for these charges. PIPE FOR WELDING Labor For Straight Pipe Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH 0.87 13.89 48 10.91 38 6.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 113 FLAME BEVELING LABGE O.82 54 12.75 4.31 60 13. Pipe Size Inches .31 14.62 14.59 9.

42 0.D.93 -- -- 0.04 2.72 3.14 ­ 2.37 -- -- Above man hours are for die cut IPS pipe threads only.44 2.11 2..89 5. Sizes 1/2" Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2 "or Less 2-1/2" 0.D.20 0.71 4.18 7.78 -- -- 0. For threading the ends of bends.20 0.14 20O.45 3.14 4.53 2.84 1.47 3 0. 0. add 100% to the above man hours.08 3.97 0.68 6.18 „ 1.97 1.95 3.D.49 -- -­ 6.83 2.40 — ~ 0.38 1.44 1.17 3.84 12 1.38 4.90 3.54 4.14 4.30 0.35 10 1.07 2.53 1.67 7.35 0.58 0.54 24 0.D.35 1.37 18O.78 6 0. - - .07 1.84 0.38 2.27 0.14 4.40 -- -- .16 6.58 5 0.97 0.42 -- 4.37 3.91 -- 1.90 0.97 1.07 2.75 2.26 1.87 -• 2. 2.85 4.37 3. .42 0.42 0.54 0.23 7.42 4 0.65 4.67 2.70 0.70 -- 0.18 Pipe Size Inches SCHEDULE NUMBERS 0 58 0.87 5. 5..D.38 2.D.45 2. Sizes 3/8" Thick Extra Hvy.38 1. 3.95 3. Pipe& O.38 4.07 16 O. 2. 2.38 1.72 5.58 3.114 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION THREADING PIPE—INCLUDING CUT Labor For Cut and Thread Only Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Standard Pipe& O.30 0.67 2.65 2.93 8 0.64 1.30 0.93 8.65 4.53 2.D.30 0.27 -- 0.42 0.07 140.95 4.38 1.54 0.39 3.

09 . supports. . . .. .07 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 1-3/4 0. .05 . 0. 05 0.08 .07 0.05 0. lugs.09 0. .Inches Fillet Welding Per Lineal Inch Layout & Flame Cutting Per Lineal Inch 1/2 or less 3/4 0. Unlisted thickness take the next higher listing. . If preheating is required.10 0. add 100% to the above man hours. anchors. etc. . 10 0. .20 Figure labor on basis of total lineal inches to be cut and fillet welded.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 115 WELDED CARBON STEEL ATTACHMENTS NET MAN HOURS PER LINEAL FOOT Thickness of Plate Etc. .05 0. . . 0.07 0. . 0. should be charged as an extra.20 2 0. Any machining of bases. . . .

67 0.00 1.73 2.64 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 1-3/4 0.29 0. perpendicular to contoured surface.91 1. 1-1/2" and 2" 2-1/4" and 2.82 0.116 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION DRILLING HOLES IN WELDED ATTACHMENTS Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Thickness of Plates.82 0.52 1. in Inches 3/4 "and smaller 7/8".34 0. Etc.12 1. . If holes are to be tapped—Add 33-1/3%. For drilling holes in pipe or other contoured objects.05 man hours each net.55 0.62 3 3-1/2 0.14 4 1. Drilling of sentinel safety or tell tale holes should be charged at .40 0.44 HOLE SIZE Unlisted thickness of plate or size of holes take the next higher listing.43 0.12 1.91 1.49 0.55 0.40 0. The above man hours are for drilling holes in flat carbon steel plate and structural shapes only.12 2 2-1/2 0.32 1.21 1.71 0. For drilling holes in pipe or other contoured objects.34 0.86 0.29 0.71 0.42 1.55 0.71 0.49 0. oblique to contoured surface.31 0.71 0.82 2. add 175% to above man hours. add 100% to above man hours.47 0.49 0.21 1.1/2" 1/2 "or less 3/4 0.01 1.91 1. Angles.32 1.24 0. 1" and 1-1/8" 1-1/4".

3 1.5 0.7 0.5 3. to 100 Inclusive Double Extra Strong & Sch.5 16 3.5 0.3 8 1.7 0.5 0.4 4.4 Machining: Man hours for machining the inside of straight pipe are for any taper bore from 10° through 30 included angle.6 20 OD 2. Nos.7 18 OD 2.7 0.5 10 2.7 2 or less 2-1/2 0. For machining the ends of bends add 100% to the above man hours.5 24 OD 3.8 3 3-1/2 0. For counterboring (up to a maximum of 2" in length).1 16 OD 1.2 1. 120. of straight pipe.0 1.8 4 0.0 12 1.8 12 2. add 30% to the above man hours.7 4 0.4 20 5.0 8 1.5 2.Nos.8 18 4.7 0.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 117 MACHDOTSTG INSIDE OF PIPE Built-Up-Ends Carbon Materials Only Built Up Ends on Inside Diameter of Pipe and Fittings with Weld Metal to Provide for Specified Outside Diameter of Machined Kicking Ring Machining Inside of Pipe Net Man Hours per End Size Inches Standard Extra Strong & Sen. at the ends with weld metal and grinding where it is necessary for proper fit of backing rings.5 HOD 1.0 0.8 0.9 5 0.1 2.0 6 1.5 0.1 14 3.9 6 0.5 24 8.140 & 160 Size Inches Net Man Hours per End 2 or less 2-1/2 0. . add 225% to the above man hours. Built-Up Ends: Man hours for built-up ends are for building up the ID.4 10 1. bends or fittings.8 5 0.8 3 3-1/2 0. Cutting and Beveling: Man hours do not include cutting and beveling.8 2. See respective tables for these charges. For machining to a controlled "C" dimension (as required for power piping critical systems).8 1.

at the ends with weld metal and grinding where it is necessary for proper fit of backing rings.25 15.61 16.16 10.D.25 2.40 8.49 87.D.98 22.28 9.73 27.79 7. Built-Up Ends: Man hours for built-up ends are for building up the I.00 3.r WlltJu O.30 14.26 to 3.79 20.D.70 6.80 12.10 9. See respective tables for these charges. For counterboring (up to a maximum of 2" in length).31 6. For machining to a controlled "C" dimension (as required for power piping critical systems). .30 5.20 17.76 5.27 12.67 17.27 12.85 57.56 9.50 1.38 11.12 16.50 4.66 11. of straight pipe. add 225% to the above man hours.18 11.75 123. Built-up WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES Weld Material • j.24 11.44 14.07 6.23 10.01 41.00 11.46 16.500 to 1.92 23. 13ivm ripe Size Inches .44 14.60 20.30 14.26 7.28 13.07 8.57 18.118 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION MACHINING INSIDE OF LABGE O.63 13.51 to 6.00 Man Hours Per End 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 4.01 to 4.67 8.51 to 2.06 Machining: Man hours for machining the inside of straight pipe are for any taper bore from 10° through 30° included angle.56 17.70 18.63 19.06 12.74 16. bends or fittings.28 13. add 30% to the above man hours.01 12.79 7.04 14.80 5.35 13.70 10.63 13.58 15.11 6.D.11 10.41 4.84 6.06 66. For machining the ends of bends add 100% to the above man hours.58 7. Cutting and Beveling: Man hours do not include cutting and beveling.41 9.91 77.44 15.67 48.82 35.30 5.20 12.18 11.40 8. PIPE Built-Up Ends Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS— PER END Machining Inside of Straight Pipe Only I.86 15.87 10.32 98.45 110.59 8.28 9.23 10.26 18.46 15.

5 18 44.3 10.7 13.8 89.7 140.D.9 12 25. of pipe is not required.7 Man hours for boring I. Man hours for installing straightening vanes are baaed on installing vanes in pipe where boring the I.1 33.5 19.8 37.6 26.7 14 29.6 18.5 12.1 6 13.D.8 32 -- 53.7 8. of pipe is required or specified. If boring I.9 36 -- 68.3 5 11.3 16 35.0 28 -- 39.3 38 -- 76.2 45.5 29.9 115.2 8 17.8 103.0 22.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 119 BORING INSffiE DIAMETER OF PIPE AND mSTALLOTO STRAIGHTENING VANES NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Pipe Size Inches Boring I.0 20 57.7 24.5 17.6 23.9 10 20.9 54.9 20. .4 26 -- 35.8 7.8 30 - 45.7 42 -- 93.9 68.1 30.6 59. of Pipe Carbon Steel Installing Straightening Vanes Carbon Steel Alloy 4 9. of pipe include boring for a length of four times nominal pipe size.9 34 -- 59.9 13.2 24 79. add boring man hours as shown above.6 11.7 15.D.8 40 „ 85.6 15.D.1 79.2 127.

6 103. 240.D.3 10 63. 77. butt weld.0 6 45.D.7 -- .4 14O.3 28 189.3 170.5 32 248.9 8 55.D.6 198.0 82.5 18O. Inches 4 37.5 282. butt weld preheat.8 44.0 30 217. 111. For installing welding type flow nozzles.8 117.D.D.0 20O..2 12 71. add for the bevels.7 34 283.4 249.5 456.2 42 448. 140.8 53. and any other labor operation or non-destructive testing operation required for the butt weld.0 72.7 -- - -- Carbon Steel Alloy Man hours include internal machining and nozzle installation. 87.6 222.5 404.0 133.0 16O. .2 62.2 26 165.D.1 47.6 91.7 5 41.4 40 400. 98.1 357.120 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION INSTALLING FLOW NOZZLES Holding Ring Type Carbon Steel and Alloy Materials NET MAN HOURS EACH FLOW NOZZLES FLOW NOZZLES Pipe Size Inches Carbon Steel Alloy Pipe O.2 38 357.7 316. See respective tables for these charges.6 36 319.5 516.

8 0.1 4.9 — 2. For preheating of double extra strong material.5 2.5 5.3 1. 1. add 100% to the above man hours.5 0.8 1.5 3.7 0.4 8.3 10.9 .3 0.2 2.2 3.6 0.3 1.8 6.7 9.5 1.6 — 0.6 — 4 0. — — 1. Standard Extra Pipe Heavy Pipe Si OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 2 2-1/2 0.8 1.5 14 OO 1. use schedule 160 man hours.6 20 OD 24 OD 1.9 0. Man Hours: Man hours for preheating are additional to charges for welding operations.4 2.5 __ — -- 0.5 3.5 Pipe Thickness: The wall thickness of the material determines the man hours that will apply.0 — 30 40 60 80 100 __ 0.3 — 1.0 _.3 0.7 0..8 1.2 8 0.0 1.3 3.0 3.0 6.1 12.9 1.7 0.3 0.1 5.5 — 3 3-1/2 0.9 2.3 0.0 3.3 12 1.3 8.9 16 OD 2.3 1.1 5.9 8.0 7.9 0.2 2. but not exceeding 600°F. Mitre Welds: For preheating of mitre welds. 3 15.3 0.3 — 0.7 3.4 2.9 2.7 5.4 5.9 .3 7.5 .8 2.0 7.4 7.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 121 PREHEATING Butt Welds and Any Type of Flange Welds Carbon Steel. Preheating: For preheating to temperatures above 400°F.5 0.5 1.3 18 OO 2.7 — .6 0.6 0.8 1.. 0.2 3. or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up to 400 °F NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.3 6.5 0.9 0. add 50% to above man hours.0 5.3 1.0 3.8 11.9 2.5 10.2 0.5 2.9 1.7 5 8 0.9 — 1.4 11.1 4.0 7.7 13.5 4.2 6. .. — — — 0.5 1.3 3.9 10 1.5 0.6 3.4 5.8 4.2 0.6 0.6 2.8 3.1 4..9 0.3 1.1 3.8 -- -- 0.0 120 140 160 »- 0.8 4.2 3.9 3.0 2..7 5.8 9._ 0.4 6.

8 18.1 3.8 7.8 7. - „ „ .75 3.7 29...7 33.6 19.0 8. .8 21.8 21. .5 32.. -- „ „ 2..4 6.50 7.00 5.1 10.9 2. -- .7 6.0 15.8 11. .50 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 1..750 1.6 2.8 3..8 23. 2..1 .2 4..25 5.75 6.00 4.4 25.1 34. 10.8 „ 14. For General Notes..5 3. • .0 16.3 8..7 15.50 5.7 16.7 30.6 28.0 30.1 10.7 36.4 29.8 17.1 28.5 39.25 3. . 24..00 1.7 4.3 27..9 25.4 9..5 13..5 22.0 3.6 10.0 1.4 7.75 5.9 9. - „ .00 2.1 8.6 13.9 13.25 4.75 2.2 .4 2.3 24. . .2 .8 2.3 .0 2.3 32.3 12.0 38. .3 32. -- .4 4..3 14.7 36.0 12.7 33.8 .0 .1 35..00 26.6 9.8 25. -- „ 1.6 13.9 22..75 4.2 19.1 2.00 3..6 11.3 14.4 19.4 12.25 2.2 1.4 10. 3..5 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 .. see the bottom of page 1'21.6 17..5 30._ 2.0 „ ..0 15.. .5 3..1 .5 5.0 26.7 4.8 19. .9 4.4 4.0 9. 4.122 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION PREHEATING HEAVY WALL PIPE BUTT WELDS Carbon Steel or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up to 400 °F NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES r*p6 IXffcCi Size ..4 .7 20.2 18..7 3.4 5.. .5 1.50 3..6 7.8 6. „ .0 33. 13.4 . - 1.1 7. -- „ .25 1. 9.2 .4 20.9 17.8 22.d 18.0 15.0 18.1 27.3 14.50 1.

6 20.8 50.00 2.0 58.00 4.00 3.75 6.1 30.9 23.5 22.0 34.5 22.2 38.3 49.8 55.6 10.0 13.3 28.50 2.9 26.3 44.3 10.9 33.8 21.1 33.3 46.4 56.4 16.7 49.8 24.0 29.6 41.9 11.4 30.6 55.6 53.2 18.9 38.0 26.7 35.6 29.5 21.4 17.3 28.1 29.0 37.5 59.8 15.1 18.9 53.5 27.3 31.3 28.6 33.4 15.0 33.4 60.2 44.3 31.4 36.7 51.750 1.50 3.9 36. .7 28.0 16.3 47.0 13.7 44.0 29.6 19.5 39.5 9.2 39.9 35.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 123 PREHEATING LABGE O.6 42.5 15.6 8.5 35.3 19.8 4.9 10.0 53.6 19.8 26.8 46.0 17.5 42.8 28.1 35.8 15.6 14.0 34.5 13.500 Or Less .0 51.25 3.9 31.3 16.8 21.8 17.0 31.0 43.6 32.2 23.00 1.9 11.1 33.0 24.8 8.2 25.3 13.1 19.D.2 18.0 32.1 42.1 20.! Notes.0 39.3 10.3 37.8 12.3 44.1 55.8 32.3 50.00 40.0 30. PIPE BUTT WELDS AND ANY TYPE FLANGE WELDS Carbon Steel Or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up To 400 °F NET MAN HOURS EACH O.8 42.2 62.5 46.8 12.9 9.8 37.6 43.5 24.1 20.0 25.5 21.5 36.8 49.8 38.2 25.5 14.1 50.50 4.5 33.1 39.0 14.5 24.7 27.3 8.9 11.3 10.8 12.50 1.8 48.4 44.2 9.5 50.5 62.3 46.0 42.8 57.25 5.8 41.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 7.75 2.3 36.75 4.7 57.8 27.75 5.3 40.3 19.3 56.1 42.00 5.3 17.25 1.5 47. nee the bottom of page 121.1 29.2 24.D.S 2.1 44.6 40.0 28.9 18.1 14.9 15.1 37.1 50. Pipe Inches .7 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES For Genera.75 3.6 46.8 30.3 16.0 16.50 5.0 18.6 38.4 49.9 23.3 55.0 54.3 53.5 20.0 45.7 10.0 10.5 44.0 57.5 13.2 12.8 25.5 21.3 31.9 53.25 22.3 17.7 52.0 51.0 13.5 35.3 31.1 48.

5 1.3 10.0 6. For preheating to temperatures above 400°F. add 100% to the above man hours. 8.0 3.1 1..0 6.3 12.0 8.4 -- 1.4 18 OD 4.7 -- 1.9 1.1 11.0 1.9 -- — .3 -- 1.0 2.7 3.9 4.5 13.3 1.9 6.2 6.0 7.7 -- 0..8 — -- 8 1.8 2.2 8.0 _.7 0.7 -- 3 3-1/2 0.5 15.9 7.8 3. 1.7 10 2.5 14 OD 3.7 15. add 50% to the above man hours.7 .9 30 40 60 80 100 .5 2.5 0. add 100% to the above man hours.9 0.5 4.3 4.0 -- 1.8 — .0 1. Preheating of coupling.5 12.7 .2 20 OD 5.0 2.6 10.7 -- 0. For preheating of double extra strong thickness use schedule 160 man hours.8 13. Standard Extra Pipe Heavy Pipe & OD Sizes & OD Sizes 3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick SCHEDULE NUMBERS 20 120 140 160 — 0.5 4. For 45° nozzle welds.7 — Pipe Thickness: The size of the nozzle and the wall thickness of the header or nozzle (whichever is greater) determines the man hours to be used.5 0.6 0. threadolet or socket welds should be charged at the same man hours as shown for the same size and schedule nozzle.124 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION PREHEATING 90° NOZZLE WELDS Carbon Steel. add 150% to the above man hours.6 0._ 0. 0. weldolet.0 2.6 .1 3.5 2.7 1.0 2.6 0. . 5 3.0 5.5 9.5 5.5 -- 5.2 5.1 — 3._ 4.6 5.8 4.8 -__ 2.6 3.5 18.6 -- 0.7 1. or Alloy Materials For Temperatures Up To 400"F NET MAN HOURS EACH Size Ins.6 0. Man hours for preheating are additional to man hours for welding operations.0 3.9 .4 -- 1.1 16.6 0. but not exceeding 600°F.8 -- 1. 1.6 5._ -- 6.3 2.4 4.8 -- 2 2-1/2 0.5 8.4 3.0 2.0 _.5 10. For reinforced 45"nozzle welds.9 -- 4 0.1 12 2.8 6.7 2. Time: For reinforced 90° nozzle welds.3 7.4 3.0 3.7 0.6 7.0 2...0 -- 1.1 — 2.9 -- 10.5 24 OD 6.9 9.8 4._ 17.5 16 OD 3.8 3.9 0.7 2.4 6 1.

Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION

125

PREHEATING LARGE O.D. 00° NOZZLE WELDS
Carbon Steel or Alloy Materials
For Temperatures Up To 400 °F
NET MAN HOURS EACH

O.D.
Pipe
Sizes

.500

.750

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
48
54
60

9.7
10.3
10.9
11.6
12.6
13.5
14.3
15.3
16.2
18.5
20.8
23.1

10.7
11.4
12.2
12.9
13.8
14.8
15.8
17.0
18.1
20.7
23.2
25.8

12.9
13.8
14.8
15.5
16.3
17.5
18.9
20.2
21.8
24.9
28.1
31.2

15.6
16.6
17.6
18.5
19.9
21.6
23.0
24.5
26.3
30.1
33.9
37.6

18.3
19.2
20.5
21.6
23.2
25.7
28.6
31.7
34.0
38.8
43.7
48.5

20.1
21.2
22.8
24.0
25.7
28.2
31.0
34.2
37.8
43.2
48.5
53.9

23.0
24.4
26.1
27.5
29.3
32.2
35.5
39.1
43.0
49.1
55.2
61.4

25.8
27.7
29.5
31.0
33.4
36.5
40,1
44.1
48.5
55.5
62.3
69.3

WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES

Pipe Thickness: The size of the nozzle and the wall thickness of the header or nozzle (whichever is greater)
determines the man hours to be used. For preheating of double extra strong thickness use schedule 160
man hours.
Time: For reinforced 90° nozzle welds, add 100% to the above man hours.
For 45° nozzle welds, add 50% to the above man hours.
For reinforced 45" nozzle welds, add 150% to the above man hours.
For preheating to temperatures above 400°F. but not exceeding 600°F., add 100% to the above man hours.
Preheating of coupling, weldolet, threadolet or socket welds should be charged at the same man hours as
shown for the same size and schedule nozzle.
Man hours for preheating are additional to man hours for welding operations.

126

Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION

LOCAL STRESS RELIEVING
Butt Welds, Nozzle Welds or Any Type of Flange Welds
Carbon Steel Material
Temperatures To 1400°F
NET MAN HOURS EACH

Size
Ins.

Standard
Extra
Pipe
Heavy Pipe
&OD Sizes ft ODSizes
3/8" Thick 1/2" Thick 20

SCHEDULE NUMBERS
30

40

60

80

100

2.6
2.8

_.

2.8
2.9

..

_.

2.9
3.0

--

3.0
3.1

--

--

3.0

3.5

..

3.7

..

2
2-1/2

2.6
2.8

2.8
2.9

3
3-1/2

2.9
3.0

3.0
3.1

4

3.0

3.5

5

3.5

3.7

8

3.7

4.1

8

4.2

4.7

4.2

4.2

4.2

4.4

4.7

10

4.6

5.1

4.6

4.6

4.6

5.1

12

5.1

5.5

5.1

5.1

5.3

14 OD

5.5

5.9

5.5

5.5

16 OD

5.9

6.4

5.9

18 OD

3.4

6.8

20 OD

6.6

24 OD

7.1




3.5


120

140

160

~

--

3.0
3.1



3.6
4.1

3.5
3.8
3.9
4.3

4.3


...

5.1

5.3

5.5

5.9

5.3

5.7

5.9

6.3

6.7

5.8

6.0

6.5

6.8

7.1

7.4

5.9

6.3

6.7

7.1

7.6

7.9

8.3

5.9

6.4

6.8

7.2

7.8

8.0

8.5

9.2

6.4

6.6

6.8

7.3

7.8

8.3

8.7

9.2

10.1

7.0

6.6

6.8

7.3

7.8

8.3

9.2

9.6

10.0

11.1

7.3

7.1

7.6

8.0

8.5

9.2

10.1

10.5

11.2

12.5

3.7

4.1

4,9

Pipe Tkickness: For stress relieving butt welds and flange welds, the wall thickness of the pipe
determines the man hours that will apply. For stress relieving nozzle welds, the size and
thickness of the header to which the nozzle is attached determines the man hours that will
apply. For local stress relieving of double extra strong material, use schedule 160 man
hours.
Code Requirements: All welds in piping materials having a wall thickness of 3/4" or greater
must be stress relieved to comply with the requirements of the A. S. A. Code for pressure
piping. Man hours shown below the ruled line in the above schedule cover sizes having a
wall thickness of 3/4" or greater.

Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION

127

HEAVY WALL LOCAL STEESS BELIEVING
Butt Welds
Carbon Steel Material
Temperatures To 1400°F
NET MAN HOURS EACH
Nominal
Pipe
Size

3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24

10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24

20
22
24

WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES

2.00

2.25

2.50

..
7.6
8.2
8.9
9.2
9.6
10.3
10.8
..
...
,_
--


8.2
9.0
9.5
9.8
10.3
11.2
11.6
12.3
13.3
-


--9.7
10.1
10.3
10.8
11.6
12.3
13.1
14.3
_
--

..
,.
.,
10.8
11.2
11.5
12.3
13.1
14.0
15.2
16.4
17.7

3.50

3.75

4.00

4.25

4.50


14.0
15.0
16.0
16.9
18.4
20.0
21.5

..
15.0
16.1
16.9
18.3
19.6
21.3
22.9


..
16.9
18.1
19.4
21.2
22.8
24.5

..
18.1
19.3
20.6
22.7
24.3
26.0

..
..
..
..
..
24.3
25.9
27.6

..
_-

5.00

5.25

5.50

5.75

6.00

29.0
30.6
32.2

30.5
32.1
33.7

32.1
33.7
35.3

33.7
35.3
36.8

35.3
36.9
38.4

.750

1.00

1.25

1.50

5,1
5.4
-..
--

5.4
5.9
6.3
6.7
7.4
..
--

..
6.4
6.7
7.2
7.8
8.1
..
..
..
--


6.8
7.2
7.8
8.4
8.8
9.0
9.6
..
..
..
--

2.75

3.00

3.25

11.9
12.3
13.2
14.0
15.0
16.2
17.4
18.9

12.5
13.2
14.1
15.0
16.0
17.4
19.2
20.1

4.75
27.4
29.0
30.6

For General Note/*, see the bottom of page 126.

1.75
_

..
..
25.9
27.4
29.1

128

Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION

LARGE O.D. LOCAL STRESS RELIEVING
Butt Welds, Nozzle Welds or Any Type Flange Weld
Carbon Steel Material
Temperatures To 1400°F
NET MAN HOURS EACH

O.D.
Pipe
Size

.375

.500

.750

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.25

26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
54
60

9.1
9.5
10.4
11.2
12.4
13.6
14.7
16.1
17.8
19.9
21.9
24.4
28.5
30.4

9.8
10.5
11.3
12.3
13.5
14.7
16.1
17.6
19.4
21.5
23.6
26.0
29.2
32.4

11.3
12.2
13.1
14.3
15.5
17.0
18.7
20.6
22.7
24.7
26.9
29.2
32.9
36.6

11.8
12.7
13.9
15.0
16.2
18.1
20.0
22.3
24.6
27.0
29.9
32.7
36.8
41.9

12.7
13.8
14.7
15.8
17.1
19.3
21.6
24.3
27.3
29.7
32.7
35.8
40.3
44.7

14.1
15.2
16.7
18.1
19.6
21.5
23.9
26.6
29.6
32.5
36.0
39.3
45.4
49.2

16.3
17.7
19.2
20.8
22.5
24.5
27.0
29.7
32.5
35.8
39.3
42.9
49.6
53.6

18.5
20.0
21.5
23.2
24.8
27.0
29.3
32.0
35.0
39.2
42.8
46.3
53.5
58.0

21.3
22.9
24.6
26.5
28.2
30.6
33.5
36.5
39.7
42.8
46.5
49.8
57.5
63.6

2.50

2.75

3.00

3.25

3.50

3.75

4.00

4.25

4.50

23.8
25.5
27.3
29.1
30.8
33.2

26.5
28.2
29.9
31.7
33.5
35.9

29.1
30.8
32.5
34.3
36.1
37.3

31.7
33.5
35.2
36.9
38.0
40.4

34.4
36.1
37.8
39.6
41.4
43.8

37.0
38.8
40.4
42.2
44.0
46.5

39.7
41.4
43.0
44.9
46.7
49.1

42.3
44.0
45.7
47.5
49.3
51.8

45.0
46.6
48.3
50.1
52.0
54.4

4.75

5.00

5.25

5.50

5.75

6.00

47.6
49.2
50.9
52.8
54.6
56.9

50.3
51.9
53.6
55.4
57.3
59.6

52.8
54.5
56.2
58.1
59.9
62.2

55.4
57.2
58.8
60.6
62.4
64.9

58.1
59.8
61.4
63.3
65.1
67.5

60.7
62.4
64.1
65.9
67.7
70.2

26
28
30
32
34
36

26
28
30
32
34
36

WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES

For General Notes, see the bottom of page 126.

Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION

129

RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTION
Field X-Ray Of Butt Welds
Carbon Steel Material
NET MAN HOURS EACH

Wall Thickness
Thru Extra Strong

Wall Thickness
Greater Than
Extra Strong
Thru Schedule 120

Wall Thickness
Greater Than
Schedule 120 Thru
Double Extra Strong

2 Or Less

0.86

--

1.13

3

0.86

--

1.13

4

0.98

1.13

1.27

5

1.07

1.23

1.40

6

1.20

1.40

1.56

8

1.35

1.54

1.75

10

1.51

1.73

1.97

12

1.71

1,97

2.23

14

1.86

2.14

2.42

16

2.08

2.39

2.70

18

2.32

2.67

3.01

20

2.55

2.94

3.34

24

3.15

3.62

4.08

Nominal
Pipe
Size

Man hours listed above cover radiographic inspection of butt welded joints by x-raying.
For radiographic inspection of mitre butt welds, add 50% to above man hours.
For radiographic inspection of slip-on flange welds, add 100% to above man hours.
For radiographic inspection of nozzle welds add 200% to above man hours.

11 5.44 7..65 1.33 3. see the bottom of-page 129.81 1.24 1. . 6.80 4.50 1.75 5.90 5.10 4. 3.62 .87 -- .04 9.81 2.76 .00 2.78 3.04 6..50 2..59 1.00 7.97 2.87 4.54 9.12 3.01 9.65 6.87 7.58 6.40 4.25 2.68 5.03 11. .51 .00 .00 5.59 3.97 6.62 4.41 5.38 2.95 9.06 4.21 5.16 2.. 1..68 5.97 4.00 5.50 3.69 4.33 3.58 9.60 9.25 1. -4...59 2...46 1.24 3. 4.45 8..62 5..41 3. 2.74 7.. . -­ .50 1.83 10.97 2.00 2.58 6.53 3. -- „ 7.21 4.81 5. ..40 3.50 3.46 2.74 . .49 For General Notes. -­ 5.75 3.87 2..72 1.75 2. ..44 3.69 2..37 1.28 8.40 4.10 ­ - .40 2.43 1.28 2.00 3.130 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION HEAVY WALL RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTION Field X-Ray Of Butt Welds Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal D*»A Fipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .50 5. ..46 4.94 3.33 4. ­ 2.93 5.25 5. .02 3.25 3.16 3.13 9. „ .00 4..19 2.40 10.21 3. -- „ .73 8.59 1.25 ! 2. „ - . .72 1.96 3.50 1. - 2.00 5.73 8. -- 1..750 1.81 2..75 4.98 6..37 „ .25 4.11 . .00 1.61 11.75 — 1.31 5.01 ..02 4..63 3.33 7.20 9.22 5..08 - — .77 10..36 10. ­ 1.20 .77 8..17 8.74 3. 1.75 6.24 8.80 4.09 2.03 „ „ -- .

D.66 7.57 10.27 22.33 11.65 11.93 24.85 17.83 15.11 16. the bottom of page 129.26 14.12 8.31 20.75 5.35 11. RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTION Field X-Ray Of Butt Welds Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES O.00 10.75 3.61 9.79 11. see.36 15.28 12.91 5.53 17.85 13.61 17.25 29.95 11.50 1.05 8.26 24.34 12.08 14.65 21.15 9.54 3.96 28.55 18.08 21.88 8.62 4.68 13.16 4.42 13.95 11.40 14.86 27.50 16.14 12.72 19.12 16.34 13.25 3.78 13. - 2.62 15.13 15.06 20.22 30.67 10.39 6.96 4.81 4.68 7.48 16.25 9.97 14.00 5.84 25.50 6.57 5.75 4.61 5. .62 10.83 6.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 131 LARGE O.83 12..97 18.50 3.56 .62 4.20 5.23 7..18 15.59 10.02 12.52 9.06 6.27 14.56 8.88 11.89 11.69 28.72 9.29 13.35 10.27 4.76 18.53 11.50 27.750 Or Less 1.00 10.80 22.33 7.50 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 3.57 13.75 9.24 6.00 3.46 21.94 9.24 5. „ .20 17.16 23.52 23.13 7.11 8..41 11.68 18.25 5.D. .02 10.02 10.15 11.90 7.71 12.32 18.12 13.80 8.95 4. .66 29.71 10.64 15.41 19.25 1.19 12.07 25.54 8.00 1.19 13.07 12.85 14..73 12.75 6.41 7.82 9. .24 12.46 6.21 8.83 12.33 26.79 23.05 6.32 10.64 6..20 27.70 26.54 8.53 17.56 15.65 9.99 12.19 11.68 6.04 19.11 6.25 4.07 5.25 2.51 12.18 13.55 30.52 8.81 16.23 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 For General Notes.25 4.35 5.19 11.60 11.31 10.53 5.53 10.07 16.59 24.00 4.98 15.78 11.40 10.58 14.37 13.47 12.82 5.78 11.26 7.75 2.83 3.75 13.71 15.97 31.13 6.44 12.01 7.72 14.09 15.49 8.15 7.57 11.72 7.07 9.00 2.56 12.66 9. . Pipe Size ..43 9.87 20.50 5.

046 0..049 0.132 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION HYDROSTATIC TESTING For Pressures Not Exceeding 4.038 0. .034 0.039 0.049 0.034 0.028 3 0.038 0.076 0.055 0.031 0. .029 0..095 0.106 0.D.015 „ .068 0.044 0..050 0.017 „ -- . Pipe& O. 0. 20 O.. If individual segments or spools are to be tested separately multiply above man hours by a factor often (10). 18O.057 0.057 0.172 0.062 0.OOO P.025 0.052 0.019 — .020 „ 0.049 0.141 0.230 0.038 0.D. 0.024 0.086 0. 7) Drain lines after testing.091 0. 24O.051 0. Sizes 3/8" Thick Extra Hvy.027 0.022 .063 0.058 0.087 „ 0.024 0. Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER LINEAR FOOT Pipe Size Inches Standard Pipe& O..095 0. -- „_ -- 0.014 0.077 0.017 „ -- „ -- 0.304 Above man hours are average for testing completed process systems.115 0.D.108 0.044 0. _ .032 0.123 0.064 0.027 0.067 0. and include time for the following operations when required: 1) Place and remove blinds and blanks as required.086 .062 0..078 0.D.041 0.114 0.034 0.044 0.039 0.055 0.061 0.032 0.087 0.025 0.027 0. 3) Removal and replacement of valves. 2) Opening and closing of valves.133 0.020 0.029 0. Sizes 1/2" Thick 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2 "Or Less 2-1/2" 0.038 0.036 0. 0.141 .022 0. 16O.035 0.015 0.047 0. orifice plates. -0.053 0.151 0.077 0. for a maximum holding time of one hour.S.057 0..D.016 0.075 0.067 0. 4) Block up and block removal of spring-supported or counterweight-supported lines.069 t).035 0.D.044 0.044 0.031 0.025 0.014 0. 6) Soap testing joints where required.134 0.016 0. and short pieces of pipe as may be required.026 0. 5) Air purging of lines before hydro-test.041 0. SCHEDULE NUMBERS — .097 0.031 0..051 0.031 0.031 0.017 0.030 0. expansion joints.076 4 5 6 8 10 12 14O.041 0.070 0.032 0..265 0.019 0. 0.200 0. „ „ 0.078 0.027 0.I.039 0.D.164 0.203 0.017 0.115 0.175 0.026 0.035 0.

.094 ..149 1.049 0.411 — - .394 0. .286 „ -- —­ 0.649 0..256 0.00 2..078 0.623 0.75 5.442 0.542 1.076 0. .122 0.060 0.497 0.224 0.381 0. -.191 0.068 0...062 1.506 0..494 0.160 0.260 0.770 . 0.736 0.75 4.289 0.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 133 HYDROSTATIC TESTING—HEAYY WALL PIPE For Pressures Not Exceeding.567 0.076 .805 0. 0.905 1.242 0.834 0.064 .50 5. .I.374 1.039 0.046 0.00 5..913 0..059 0.053 0.4.00 0.476 0.242 „ -- .. 0..446 1.052 0. -- „ .320 1.163 0.113 0.00 3.430 0.598 — 0.290 0.133 1. Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER LINEAR FOOT Nominal Pipe Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES .666 For General Notes.294 0.750 1.192 0..50 .346 0. ..186 0.378 0.25 5.372 0.091 0.168 1.010 1.­ .433 0.220 0..649 0.139 0.048 0. .040 ~ „ „ „ .118 0.25 2.440 1._ .035 0. see the bottom of page 132. 0... .563 0..208 0.328 0. 4. 0.468 0.25 1.042 0.170 0. „ 0. 0. 0.070 1.225 0.133 0.097 0.433 0.143 0. .552 0. .257 1.044 0.381 0.709 0..00 4.058 0.00 1. .676 „ . 0.OOO P.338 0.485 0.330 0.992 1.286 0.25 4.156 ..50 3.103 0.196 0.188 0.571 0._ .160 0.106 0.329 0.314 1.875 -.424 0.75 3..75 6.. .25 3.257 0.517 .217 0...257 1. 0. - 2.072 0.180 1.S..095 0. - 2. -- 0.50 1.50 0... ..558 1.75 0.992 .400 1.117 ..136 0.

523 0.492 0.617 0.50 3.414 0.642 0.75 4.595 0.25 1.423 0.50 5.735 0.203 1.208 1.487 0.726 1.914 1.485 0.032 1.50 2.980 1.25 0.806 2.185 0.456 1.852 1.787 0.299 0.770 1.690 0.326 0.344 0.383 1.577 1.996 3.277 0.810 1. PIPE For Pressures Not Exceeding 4.146 1.601 0.913 1.368 0.501 1.841 1.666 1. .162 0.135 1.396 0.00 2.693 1.208 1.741 0.038 2.319 0.597 1.809 0.257 0.780 0.165 1.597 3.281 0.715 2.562 0.459 1.161 0.331 1.178 1.283 2.051 1.716 0.75 3.75 5.389 1.650 0.305 1.073 1.214 0.711 4.985 2.260 1.684 0.712 2.916 0.081 2.00 1.509 0.945 2.469 3.365 1.241 0.265 2.580 0.112 0.691 0.00 5.213 0.377 1.504 0.340 0.188 1.914 2.575 26 28 30 32 34 36 26 28 30 32 34 36 WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES For General Notes.431 0.802 1.853 0.206 2.782 2.097 2.800 3. see the bottom of page 132.00 1.906 1.666 0.25 3.541 1.75 2.882 1.794 0.050 1.127 0.033 1. Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS PER LINEAR FOOT O.925 1.767 0.408 1.375 0.296 0.422 0.197 1.344 2.134 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION HYDROSTATIC TESTING—LARGE O.881 0.50 4.922 1.438 0.644 0.389 0.245 0.75 6.772 1.468 4.041 1.OOO P.223 0.050 1.25 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 0.750 1.194 0.570 1.667 0.500 or Less .518 0.551 0.905 1.447 0.366 1.801 2.640 0.276 1.561 0.329 1.517 0.573 2.799 1.795 0.502 1.721 4.014 1.565 1.367 0.897 1.738 0.391 0.593 3.058 3.187 1.078 1.456 2.560 0.389 1.340 1.597 1.690 0.013 1.925 2.534 0.587 1.805 3.628 0.283 0.960 2.837 2.348 1.D.959 1.427 2.269 1.D.361 1.450 0.I.493 1.794 0.50 1.189 1.00 4.285 0.246 0.323 0. Pipe Inches .186 0.25 5.993 1.558 0.140 0.211 3.913 1.952 2.213 1.203 0.042 1.166 1.S.837 0.626 2.455 0.096 0.260 0.951 1.987 1.691 0.077 2.449 0.600 0.00 3.

3 3.4 6.4 44. 36 3.7 4.3 2.8 7.0 2.4 2.0 „ -- 5.8 2..5 Nominal Pipe Size OVER 4" to 6" Man hours include access holes through 1" diameter (drilled and tapped) for radiographic inspection of welds when specified or required.0 4.0 5.5 6. 30 2. 10.75 man hours each.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 135 ACCESS HOLES Carbon Steel Material NET MAN HOURS EACH UpTol " OVER I"to2 " WALL THICKNESS OVER 2 "to 2. If plugs are to be included and seal welded.6 4.9 4. 24 2.9 5.9 3.60 4.3 3.1/2" OVER 2-1/2" to 4" 2-1/2.2 32.2 2. 22. 28.3 12. 42 3. add 0.6 . For openings larger than 1" in diameter. 48 3. 16.2 2.6.3 4.7 5.0 ~ 14.4 8. 46.8 2.8 26.12 2. 3. 40.1 4.1 3. 34. add 25% to the above man hours for each V4" increase in diameter.5 2.6 8.6 38.5 3.0 4.7 4.7 10. 4 1.1 54. 18 2.2 3.1 7. .9 3.3 ­ 20.

28 .63 1.44 2.10 3 1. handling.91 1.4 Man hours per foot of length Asbestos wrap pipe before tracing 0.80 .28 .65 . steel piping.80 2.16 .40 2.17 .75 1.32 .43 .42 .75 .05 Man hours per foot SOLDERED NON-FERROUS FITTINGS NET MAN HOURS EACH Nominal Size—Ins.95 2.14 .00 3. for all in­ strument and control piping up to and including one (1) inch. whether on panel board.15 2 2-1/2 .40 .90 .35 1.44 .22 .85 .96 1.75 1.00 1.40 .80 .15 1.25 .50 . alloy tubing and capillary tubing used for tracing or for interconnecting all instruments and control devices.25 .0 Man hours total Runs over 10 feet 0. Man hours include the labor of installing all connections.136 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PIPING TRACING Man hours are for all fabrication and installation or erection of all copper tubing.42 .64 .40 .60 1.90 1.90 . Runs up to 10 feet 5. the installation labor of such casings or channels are extra.55 1.00 1.90 2.29 .20 1.25 .22 .00 Man hours include procuring.55 .00 2. instruments or scaffold­ ing.32 .85 .90 1. supports.15 .18 . regardless of location.11 .23 .35 .25 2.35 .50 1. fittings.15 1.00 2.00 1. piping or equipment.50 4 2.92 1.50 .00 1.16 . See respective tables for these charges.24 . .85 .00 1. Couplings 1/8-3/8 1/2 3/4 ReFlanges ducers Adapters Unions Caps 8s Plugs Valves Ells Tees .22 .15 1.85 .70 .18 .25 .26 .65 2.33 .00 . and complete jointing or making on of solder-type cast and wrought pressure type brass or copper fittings.25 .45 1" 1-1/4 1-1/2 . and supporting clips or hangers. Should the lines be group installed and protected by casings or channels.95 2.20 . Man hours do not include installation of tubing or pipe.25 3.08 .

25 2 2-1/2 . Units are for all wall thickness. hauling and positioning of valve only.58 3 . F.29 .73 1.00 1.11 . .25 6 .50 .55 . 1/2 3/4 .95 10 .20 2.25 .70 .35 .20 . Saddles Each Handle Valves PCV Body . See respective table for this charge.09 . square.17 . drill hole in header and cement saddle to header.55 . Cemented Socket Joints — Ea. Saddle Units: Man hours include fit-up. The size of the header not the size of the saddle determines the man hours that apply. Maximum hole size is assumed to be l'/2 inch.14 .00 1.10 .20 .27 .20 1. Handle Pipe Units: Man hours include handling. hauling rigging and aligning in place.22 .38 .07 .45 . ream.17 1.12 .08 .39 .Ea.85 4 .13 .45 . Units do not include scaffolding.33 .40 .50 12 . For larger branch lines the use of tees should be estimated. Cement Socket Joint Units: Man hours include cut. Handle Valve Units: Man hours include handling.38 .16 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 .43 .00 Size Ins.07 .08 .25 1.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 137 PVC-PLASTIC PIPE MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Handle Pipe Per L.60 8 . Connections of the type as required must be added.40 3. fit-up and make joint.07 .90 1.09 .63 .80 1.

Pipe is normally furnished in 10-foot lengths..10 .40 -- -- 1.20 . See respective tables for these charges.70 .27 .40 .20 .16 .80 3 .60 .65 2 2-1/2 .15 .25 . with ends threaded and flanges installed at the factory.50 . Bolt-Up Units: Bolt-up units include bolting together of flanged connections.138 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Size Inches Pipe Per L. tees = three make-ons.35 . erecting and aligning of pipe.F.50 8 . All Units: All units include unloading. add 15 percent to above pipe man hours for handling additional weight.25 . .20 6 .35 -- - 1. If this is the case. etc. Man hours do not include supports or scaffolding.23 . 2. Ells .52 - .22 .30 .30 -- -- .two make-ons. Make-On Units: Make-on units include making on of screwed type fittings. handling and hauling to storage and erection site. Cut & Thread Each Make-On s Each BolM Eac 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 .85 4 .10 Pipe Units: Pipe units include rigging.

F. Pipe Per L. Bolt-Up Units: Bolt-up units include bolting together of flanged connections.30 . 2. . All Units: All units include unloading.32 . See respective tables for these charges.Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 139 SCHEDULE 3O OB 4O RUBBER LINED STEEL PIPE AND FITTINGS MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Size Ins.22 .23 .30 .33 . etc..50 .45 . Man hours do not include supports or scaffolding.25 .35 .60 -- - 2.35 . handling and hauling to storage and erection site.30 .75 -- .40 .25 .80 3 3-1/2 .38 -- -- 1.65 2 2-1/2 .16 . If pipe is received from factory in flanged 20 foot lengths add 10 percent to pipe handling manhours for handling of additional weight. Ells = two raake-ons. tees = three make-ons.30 6 .50 8 .10 10 .50 .15 .40 -- - 1.60 1.70 . Make-On Units: Make-on units include making on of screwed type fittings.55 .52 -- .. Cut & Thread Each Make-On s Each 1-1/4 1-1/2 .70 12 .85 LOO 4 . 3. Cut Thread Units: Cut and thread units include hand cutting and threading of pipe two inches and smaller and machine cutting and threading of size two and one half inches and larger.20 5 .35 .40 Bolt-Ups Each Pipe Units: Pipe units include rigging.27 .60 . erecting and aligning of pipe.

handling and hauling to storage and erection site.47 1.55 1.20 .55 3.16 . It is customary to order this type piping prefabricated with lead lined fittings in place.22 .00 4 .85 1.30 .90 1.60 .50 .40 2. tees = three make-ons. Should this be the case add 20 percent to handling pipe units for elimination of field make-ons and handling of additional weight.70 12 2.70 . etc.45 . -- 3.20 5 .25 .40 1.65 -- - 2.30 2.10 10 1.35 .40 Bolt-Ups Each Pipe Units: Pipe units include rigging. Cut and Thread Units: Cut and thread units include hand cutting and threading of pipe two inches and smaller and machine cutting and threading of sizes two and one half inches and larger.65 2 2-1/2 . F.140 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION SCHEDULE 4O LEAD LINED STEEL PIPE AND FITTINGS MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Pipe Size Handle Pipe Per L.85 1. See respective tables for these charges.33 .35 .80 1. Bolt-Up Units: Bolt-up units include bolting together of flanged connections.35 .30 1.30 .80 3 3-1/2 .10 .65 .33 .50 . Ells = two make-ons. Butt Welds: Butt welds including lead burning units include circumferntial manual elec­ tric weld and fusing together of lead at joint. All Units: All units include unloading.80 -- -- 2.45 .15 .55 1.. Lead Burning Each 1-1/4 1-1/2 . Man hours do not include supports or scaffolding.45 .50 8 1.25 .60 - -- 4. Make-On Units: Make-on units include making on of screwed type fittings.35 6 . Cut and Thread Each Make-Ons Each Butt Welds Incl.40 .38 . erecting and aligning of pipe.20 1.25 -- -- 5. .

20 2.Up Each 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 . hauling to storage and erection sites.80 4. unloading. fittings.(55 . On sleepers 2'0" high In enclosed passage way Inside buildings (horizontal or vertical) In battery limits of process area Deduct 12% Add 80% Add 60% Add 150% .61 .40 .27 . and valve units include handling'. Bolt-up man hours include bolting up of flanged joints.30 5.30 1.60 4. Above man hours are for installation on pipe racks to 20'0" high.79 1. and setting and aligning.12 1.43 .Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 141 FLANGED CAST IRON CEMENT LINED PIPE AND FITTINGS MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Pipe Size Ins.40 Pipe.80 .20 .00 1.10 2.55 1.25 .20 1. For other installation conditions add or deduct the following percentage.95 1.80 1.70 3.40 3.90 . Handle Pipe Per Foot Handle Fittings Each Handle Valves Each Flange Bolt.20 1.84 2.50 2.10 5.70 2.80 8.50 .

hauling to storage and erec­ tion site and setting and aligning. unloading.45 4.40 26.60 1.75 4.6 4.142 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION SCHEDULE 4O CEMENT LINED CARBON STEEL PIPE WITH STANDARD FITTINGS MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Pipe Size Ins.6 9.30 5.70 8.90 . Lining to be cut square and flush with ends.10 20 1.30 .30 .20 3.65 9.0 7.95 2.95 18 1.95 1.80 1.80 16 1.20 5. aligning and welding at both ends.65 1.80 1. # Cutting Pipe Units: Man hours include cutting pipe and lining.65 14 .60 7.50 Handle Pipe Units: Man hours include handling.40 22.4 12.90 11.95 6.00 2.50 10 .15 .65 2. Cement lining should be wet with water around welding area.25 2.30 6.40 3. Man hours do not include excavation or racks or supports. See respective these charges.1 6.40 .35 .6 10.3 15.25 24 2. Handle Pipe Per Foot Cutting Pipe Per Cut Butt Welds Each Sleeve Joint 90° Welded With Two Nozzle Welds Each Each Smooth On Cement Per Joint 6 .70 8.60 12 . Smooth on Cement Units: Man hours include mixing and patching weld joints with cement. Sleeve Joint Units: Man hours include slipping on of sleeve.50 1. 90° Welded Nozzle Units: Man hours include complete operations for welding nozzle.0 3.20 18.90 13.35 8 .50 33.90 13. tables for .05 . Butt Weld Units: Man hours include making complete electric weld.1 5.

Spool Piece Units: Spool piece units include rigging.95 1.35 .50 8 1.45 . See respective tables for these charges.00 Pyrex pipe is usually ordered from factory prefabricated into spool pieces with all necessary fittings and standard flanges in place.35 . Should pipe be ordered without factory installed flanges it is good practice to install split type flanges in the field. in the field and include all handling. unloading and hauling to storage and erection site.40 . Standard Bolt-Up Each Split Flange Bolt-Up Each I 1-1/2 .Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION 143 DOUBLE TOUGH FYKEX FIFE AND FITTINGS • MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Pipe Size Erect Spool Piece Pipe Per L. Split Flan&e Bolt-Up Units: Split flange bolt-up units include all operations necessary for the slipping on of flanges and gaskets and bolting-up. . Above man hours are based on installing factory fabricated spool pieces.80 3 .45 .55 .90 4 .00 2.55 .30 1. erecting and aligning. up to 10 feet long.50 . F.70 2 .75 .33 6 1. Standard Bolt-Up Units: Standard bolt-up units include bolting up of factory furnished fabricated flanges. Man hours do not include installation of hangers or supports or the erection of scaffold­ ing.66 .00 .85 1.

aligning pouring joint. It is usually supplied in standard 13-foot lengths.D. Make-On Units: Make-on units include erecting.70 1.75 1. Man hours do not include supports or scaffolding.50 1. tees = three make-ons.60 1.5 8 .50 3.25 . Make-Ons Each Bolt-Ups Each 4 . F.25 3. Transite pipe = 4 inches I.85 2.40 1. erecting and aligning of pipe.50 1. Bolt-Up Units: Bolt-up units include bolting together of flanged connections.30 .00 2.1 10 . handling and hauling to storage and erection site.144 Section Two-FIELD FABRICATION OVERHEAD TRANSITE PRESSURE PIPE-CLASS 15O NET MAN HOURS PER UNITS LISTED Size Inches Pipe Per L.2 6 . See respective tables for these charges. Ells = two makeon s.7 12 . and above. etc.4 14 .20 .8 16 .75 4.4 Pipe Units: Pipe units include rigging. All Units: All units include unloading. .

145 .FERROUS FABRICATION This section is intended to cover the complete shop fabrication and field fabrication and erection of alloy and non-ferrous piping.plus the percentage given in the following tables applicable to the carbon steel man hours listed in sections one and two. Alloy and non-ferrous piping operations are to be man houred on the same basis as corresponding carbon steel materials.Section Three ALLOY AND NON.

0 61.0 108.5 49.00% Chr.0 82.5 146. ASTM A335-P3 1.0 39.70% Chr.4 157.0 88.0 101.50% Chr. PERCENT ADDITIVE MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 17. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.5 30. ASTM A335-P22 2.0 55.0 64.0 83.0 70.0 67.0 78.1.5 47.7 46.0 40. Inconel.2 101.0 93.9 139.0 41.00% Chr.5 117. ASTM A335-P9 8.0 59.0 21.50-2.0 57. Cu-Ni.0 100.2 163.5 107.4 73.0 35.5 50.5 30.5 43. .8 154.Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.6 169.0 78.7 213.0 53.4 102.45% Chr.0 41.00-8.9 109.0 72.0 33.25% Chr.0 58. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.2 131.0 42.3 141.5 _ 36.0 115.0 67.5 77.5 88..0 113.0 90.3 69.0 38.0 135.0 28.0 58.0 27.5 57.0 41.0 62..5 178.2 236.0 77.4 202.0 18.85-1.05.0 93.0 89.0 36.4 124.0 13. 309.0 50.0 86.0 94.0 31.0 71.00% Chr.0 62. 99% Ni. ASTM A335-P12 .0 156.0 92.0 116.0 42.25% Chr.5 120. Incoloy.0 20.5 20.0 53.0 78.0 127.8 164. Ferritic Chromes 10. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum Stainless Steels GROUP 4 GROUP 5 Types 304.0 104.5 81.0 33. ASTM A335-P3b 1.b.00-2.0 95. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.0 26.0 97.7 151.0 23. ASTM A335-P21 2.6 116.0 100.0 17.4 77.8 110.0 87.0 74.0 43.0 93.75-3.4 155.8 142. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTMA-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTMA333Gr.0 134.0 33..1 149.00-10.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .0 63.0 59.0 38.4 124.10%Chr.5 25.0 35.1 108.0 77.3 84.0 65.6 125.0 49.00-15.0 64.0 105.9 133.0 54.0 39.0 129.0 28.00-6.5 46.6 160.0 83.0 96.8 35.0 54. _ .0 121.0 84. Titanium.3 3.0 64.0 83.4 133.9 225.0 38.5 99. ASTMA335-P11 1.0 40.50% Nickel .6 39.50-. _ — _ _ _ _ _ _ — ASTM A335-P1 .00% Chr.6 168.0 31.3 137. Brass.4 153.0 _.0 82.0 71.c 4.8 132.0 18.0 58.0 54.0 44.0 75.8 117.0 100.5 GROUP 1 94.0 45. ASTM A335-P5. ASTM A335-P7 6.0 15.5 48.0 66. Monel. 310.6 85. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.0 139.0 51.0 47.0 124.5 161.6 169.0 88.7 22.75-2.9 180.0 90.5 110.0 88.0 146.0 117.5 49.0 67.4 187.4 145.7 147.00% Chr.0 103.0 51.

ASTM A335-P12 ..0 115.5 110.2 2.0 15.00.3 69.9 225.0 51.0 89.8 117.0 103.00-2.5 88.0 77.b.0 100.5 120.0 64.16.0 28.0 93. HANDLE AND ERECT FABRICATED SPOOL PIECES PERCENT ADDITIVE MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 17.8 142.7 46.2 191.0 58.5 30. ASTM A335-P5.00-10.0 90.4 124.4 157.0 88.0 47.3 137.6 168..0 90.4 187.0 66.00% Chr.0 36.0 97.0 75.0 62.00% Chr. ASTM A335-P3 1.6 169.6 85.3 141.8 132. ASTM A335-P9 8.8 164.00-8.0 38.5 146. Incoloy.0 57. ASTM A335-P11 1.0 71.7 147.0 93.0 74.50-.5 178.5 _ 36.8 35.0 124.0 127.0 .85-1.0 53.5 77.2 163.5 48.0 100. Monel.0 59. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum GROUP 5 Ty^s 304. 99% Ni.5 47. Cu-Ni.0 31.0 44.5 50.0 64.0 39.0 59.0 100.5 30.6 125.0 62.0 88.5 49.0 21.05.0 104.Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 41.4 77.0 105.0 86.0 108.5 46.4 145.0 67.0 58.0 78.0 146. .75-3.0 28.6 39.0 64. ASTM A335-P21 2.0 156.5 107.0 40.9 139.0 134.0 27.25% Chr.5 99.7 151.0 84.0 41.0 42.5 43. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.7 213.4 153.9 180.4 102.50% Nickel .00% Chr.75-2.5 117.0 72.2 131.0 95.4 155.00% Chr.0 23.0 135.4 202.5 20.50% Moly 94.0 49.0 35. „ .4 73.0 88.7 22.0 33. 3 3.0 121.0 53.10% Chr.6 116.0 129.50% Chr.5 81.8 154. Ferritic Chromes 10.0 70.0 45. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.6 169.0 54.00-6.0 117.0 13.0 33.0 38.0 39.0 83.0 65..0 38.6 160.0 83.0 63. ASTM A335-P7 6.0 58.45% Chr.0 33.25% Chr.8 110.0 49.0 61. Titanium.0 40.4 133.0 42.0 67.0 83.0 87.3 84.0 113. .0 18.0 18.0 67. _ _ — _ — — _ — — Stainless Steels GROUP 4 ASTM A335-P2 .0 35.0 78.50-2. Brass.5 161. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr.0 31.0 96.0 50.0 77.0 55.0 26.0 71.c 4.5 57.0 54.5 | ASTMA335-P1 GROUP 1 .5 25. .9 133.0 139.1 108.4 124.15.0 94.0 54.0 78.9 109. ASTM A335-P22 2. GROUP 7 Hastelloy. 310.0 116.0 82.0 82...0 92.0 101. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347. Inconel.0 93. 70% Chr.0 51.1.1 149.0 43.00% Chr.0 20. 309.0 41. ASTM A335-P3b 1.0 17.

Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on
carbon steel materials, plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.

HANDLE AND ERECT STRAIGHT RUN PIPE (PERCENT ADDITIVE)
MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES
Nominal
Pipe
Size

Group
1

Group
2

Group
3

Group
4

Group
5

Group
6

Group
7

Group
8

Group
9

2 or less
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42

17.0
18.5
20,0
21.0
23.0
26.0
28.5
30.0
33.0
35.0
39.5
43.5
46.0
49.0
53.0
57.0
61.0
65.3
69.4
73.4
77.5
81.6
85.7

22.5
25.0
27.0
28.0
31.0
35.0
38.0
40.0
44.0
47.0
53.0
58.0
62.0
66.0
71.5
77.0
82.5
88.0
93.5
99.0
104.5
110.0
115.5

30.0
33.0
36.0
38.0
41.5
47'.0
51.0
54.0
59.0
63.0
71.0
78.0
83.0
88.0
95.4
102.8
110.0
117.4
124.8
132.0
139.5
146.8
154.0

31.8
35.0
38.0
40.0
42.5
48.0
54.0
58.0
62.0
67.0
75.0
83.0
88.0
93.0
100.1
108.6
116.4
124.2
131.9
139.7
147.4
155.2
163.0

13.0
15.0
17.0
18.0
20.0
33.5
50.0
54.0
67.0
74.0
77.0
84.0
89.0
94.0
101.9
109.8
117.6
125.4
133.3
141.1
149.0
156.8
164.6

39.0
41.0
45.5
49.0
50.0
59.0
64.0
70.0
78.0
86.0
92.0
100.0
103.5
107.0
116.0
124.9
133.8
142.7
151.6
160.6
169.5
178.4
187.3

84.0
88.0
90.5
..
94.0
100.5
117.0
134.0
..
..
,.
,.
..
_
_
__

_
_

36.0
39.0
41.0
42.0
43.5
49.5
57.0
64.0
67.0
77.0
82.0
87.0
93.0
97.0
105.0
113.0
121.0
129.3
137.4
145.4
153.5
161.6
169.7

46.0
51.0
55.0
58.0
64.0
72.0
78.0
83.0
90.0
96.0
108.5
120.0
127.0
135.0
146.4
157.6
168.9
180.2
191,4
202.7
213.9
225.2
236.5

GROUP


_

ASTM A335-P1

.50% Moly

ASTM A335-P2

.50-.70% Chr.

ASTMA335-P12

.85-1.10% Chr.

ASTMA335-P11

1.05- 1.45% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3

1.50-2.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3b

1.75-2.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P22

2.00-2.50% Chr.

ASTMA335-P21

2.75-3.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P5,b,c

4.00-6.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P7

6.00-8.00% Chr.

GROUP
7

Hastelloy, Titanium, 99^r Ni.

ASTM A335-P9

8.00-10.00% Chr.

Ferritk Chromes

10.00-15.00% Chr.

GROUP
8

Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347, Cu-Ni,
Monel, Inconel, Incoloy, Alloy 20

GROUP
9

Aluminum

Stainless Steels
GROUP
4

Types 304, 309, 310, 316
(including "L" & "H" Grades)

1

GROUP
5

Copper, Brass, Everdur

ASTMA-333-GR-1
GROUP
2

GROUP
6

ASTM A-333-GR4
ASTM A-333-GR9

GROUP
3

ASTM A333 Gr. 3

3.50% Nickel

Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION

149

Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on
carbon steel materials, plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.

PIPE BENDS
PERCENT ADDITIVE
MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES
XT wt'-fc,.!
IN
O oilHal

Pipe
Size

Group
1

Group
2

Group
3

Group
4

Group
5

Group
6

Group
7

Group
8

Group
9

2 or less
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24

10.0
12,5
15.0
16.5
19.5
24.0
27.5
30.0
34.0
36.5
40.0
46.0
51.5
54.0

13.0
17.0
20.0
22.0
26.0
32.0
37.0
40.0
45.5
49.0
33.5
61.5
69.0
72.0

18.0
22.5
27.0
30.0
35.0
43.0
49.5
54.0
61.0
66.0
72.0
83.0
93.0
97.0

19.0
24.0
28.5
31.0
37.0
46.0
52.0
57.0
64.5
69.0
76.0
87.0
98.0
103.0

6.0
9.0
12.0
15.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
..
..
..
..
-

13.5
17.0
20.0
22.0
23.0
27.0
37.0
39.0

50.0
65.0
75.0
90.0
120.0
150.0
165.0
..
-

15.0
19.0
22.0
24.0
26.0
30.0
41.0
43.0
46.0
49.0
50.0
52.0
54.0
56.0

27.5
34.0
41.0
45.0
53.5
66.0
69.0
82.5

..
.,
..
,_
..

GROUP
1

..
..
..
-


--

ASTM A335-P1

.50%Moly

ASTM A335-P2

.50-.70% Chr.

ASTM A335-P12

.85-1.10%Chr.

ASTMA335-P11

1.05- 1.45% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3

1.50-2.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3b

1.75-2.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P22

2.00-2.50% Chr.

ASTM A335-P21

2.75-3.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P5,b,e

4.00-6.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P7

6.00-8.00% Chr.

GROUP
7

Hastelloy, Titanium, 99% Ni,

ASTM A335-P9

8.00- 10.00% Chr.

Ferritic Chromes

10.00-15.00% Chr.

GROUP
8

Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347, Cu-Ni,
Monel, Inconel, Incoloy, Alloy 20

GROUP
9

Aluminum

Stainless Steels
GROUP
4

GROUP
5

Types 304, 309, 310,316
(including "L" & "H" Grades)

Copper, Brass, Everdur

ASTMA-333-GR-1
GROUP
2

GROUP
6

ASTM A-333-GR4
ASTM A-333-GR9

GROUP
3

ASTM A333 Gr. 3

3.50% Nickel

150

Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION

Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on
carbon steel materials, plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.

ATTACHING FLANGES (PERCENT ADDITIVE)
MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES
Nominal
Pipe
Size

Group
1

Group
2

Group
3

Group
4

Group
5

Group
6

Group
7

Group
8

Group
9

2 or less
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42

25.0
27.5
30,0
31.5
34.5
39.0
42.5
45.0
49.0
52.5
59.0
65.0
69.0
73.0
79.0
85.0
91.2
97.3
103.4
109.4
115.5
121.6
127.7

33.5
37.0
40.0
42.0
46.0
52.0
57.0
60.0
65.5
70.0
79.0
87.0
92.9
98.0
106.0
114.2
122.4
130.6
138.7
146,9
155.0
163.2
171.4

45.0
49.5
54.0
57.0
62.0
70.0
76.5
81.0
88.0
94.5
106.0
117.0
124.0
131.0
142.0
152.9
163.8
174.7
185.6
196.6
207.5
218.4
229.3

47.5
52.0
57.0
60.0
63.5
72.0
81.0
86.0
93.0
100.0
112.0
123.5
131.0
139.0
150.4
162.0
173.7
185.3
196.9
208.4
220.0
231.6
243.2

20.0
23.0
25.0
27.5
30.0
50.0
75.0
80.0
100.0
110.0
115.0
125.0
133.0
140.0
151.6
163.2
174.9
186.6
198.2
209.9
221.5
233.2
244.9

58.0
61.0
68.0
73.0
75.0
87.5
95.0
104.0
117.0
128.0
138.0
149.0
154.5
160.0
173.4
186.8
200.0
213.4
226.8
240.0
253.5
266.8
280.0

125.0
132.0
135.0

140.0
150.0
175.0
200.0
_„

54.0
58.0
61.0
63.0
65.0
74.0
85.0
95.0
100.0
115.0
123.0
130.0
139.0
145.0
157.0
169.0
181.2
193.3
205.4
217.4
229.5
241.6
253.7

69.0
76.0
82.5
87.0
95.0
107.0
117.0
124.0
135.0
144.0
162.0
179.0
190.0
201.0
217.9
234.6
251.4
268.2
284.9
301.7
318.4
335.2
352.0

GROUP
1

ASTM A335-P1

.50%

ASTM A335-P2

.50-.70% Chr.

ASTMA335-P12

.85- 1.10% Chr.

ASTMA335-P11

1.05-1.45% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3

1.50-2.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3b

1.75-2.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P22

2.00-2.50% Chr.

ASTMA335-P21

2.75-3.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P5,b,c

4.00-6.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P7

6.00-8.00% Chr.

GROUP
7

ASTM A335-P9

8.00-10.00% Chr.

GROUP

Ferritic Chromes

10.00- 15.00% Chr.

Moly

..
..
..
-_.
__
_


_
_

Stainless Steels
GROUP
4

GROUP
5

Types 304, 309, 310, 316
(including "L" & "H" Grades)

Copper, Brass, Everdur

ASTMA-333-GR-1
GROUP
2

GROUP
6

ASTM A-333-GR4
ASTM A-333-GR9

GROUP
3

ASTM A333 Gr. 3

3.50%

Nickel

8
GROUP
9

Hastelloy, Titanium, 99% Ni.
Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347, Cu-Ni,
Monel, Inconel, Incoloy, Alloy 20
Aluminum

Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION

151

Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on
carbon steel materials, plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.

MAKE ONS THROUGH 12 IN.
HANDLE VALVES THROUGH 42-IN.
PERCENT ADDITIVE
MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES
Nominal
Size
Inches

Group
1

Group
2

Group
3

Group
4

Group
5

Group
6

Group
7

Group
8

Group
9

1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1-1/4
1-1/2
2
2-1/2
3
3-1/2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42

9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.5
15.0
17.0
19.0
20.5
21.0
22.5
23.0
24.2
32.2
40.3
48.4
56.4
64.5
72.5
80.1
88.7
96.7
104.8
112.8
120.9
129.0
137.0
145.0
153.0
161.2
169.3

11.0
12.5
14.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.5
25.0
27.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.6
42.2
52.7
63.2
73.8
84.3
94.9
105.4
115.9
126.5
137.0
147.6
158.0
168.6
179.2
189.7
200.3
210.8
221.3

16.0
18.0
20.0
22.5
25.0
27.5
30.5
34.0
35.5
37.0
39.5
41.0
43.3
57.8
72.2
86.6
101.0
115.5
130.0
158.8
173.3
187.7
187.7
202.2
216.6
231.0
245.5
259.9
274.4
288.8
303.2

17.0
19.0
21.0
23.0
26.0
29.0
32.0
36.0
37.5
39.0
42.0
43.0
45.5
60.7
75.9
91.1
106.3
121.4
136.6
151.8
167.0
182.2
197.3
212.5
227.7
242.9
258.1
273.2
288.4
303.6
318.8

7.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.5
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
19.4
25.9
32.4
38.9
45.4
51.8
58.3
64.8
71.3
77.8
84.2
90.7
97.2
103.7
110.2
116.6
123.0
129.6
136.0

21.0
23.0
26.0
29.0
32.0
36.0
40.0
44.0
45.5
46.0
49.5
51.0
55.3
73.8
92.2
110.6
129.0
147.5
166.0
184.4
202.8
221.3
239.7
258.2
276.6
295.0
313.5
331.9
350.4
368.8
387.2

45.0
50.0
56.0
62.0
69.0
76.5
85.0
94.0
97.0
99.0
100.0
101.0
105.0
140.0
175.0
210.0

20.0
22.0
24.0
27.0
30.0
33.0
37.0
41.0
42.5
44.0
45.0
46.0
51.4
68.6
85.7
102.8
120.0
137.0
154.3
171.4
188.5
205.7
222.8
240.0
257.0
274.2
291.4
308.5
325.6
342.8
359.9

25.0
28.0
31.0
34.0
38.0
42.0
47.0
52.0
55.0
57.0
60.5
62.0
66,0
88.0
110.0
132.0
154.0
176.0
198.0
220.0
242.0
264.0
286.0
308.0
330.0
352.0
374.0
396.0
418.0
440.0
462.0

.






_
_



_

_
_

152

Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION

MAKE-QMS THROUGH 12-IN.
HANDLE VALVES THROUGH 42-IN.
(CONTINUED)

GROUP
1

ASTM A335-P1

.50% Moly

ASTM A335-P2

.50-.70% Chr.

ASTM A335-P12

,85-1.10%Chr.

ASTMA335-P11

1.05- 1.45% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3

1.50-2.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P3b

1,75-2.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P22

2.00-2.50% Chr.

ASTMA335-P21

2.75-3.25% Chr.

ASTM A335-P5,b,c

4.00-6.00% Chr.

ASTM A335-P7

6.00-8.00% Chr.

GROUP
7

Haatelloy, Titanium, 99%. Ni.

ASTM A335-P9

8.00- 10.00% Chr.

Ferritic Chromes

10.00-15.00% Chr.

GROUP
8

Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347, Cu-Ni,
Monel, Inconel, Incoloy, Alloy 20

GROUP
9

Aluminum

Stainless Steels
GROUP
4

GROUP
5

Types 304, 309, 310, 316
(including "L" & "H" Grades)

Copper, Brass, Everdur

ASTMA-333-GR-1
GROUP
2

GROUP
6

ASTM A-333-GR4
ASTM A-333-GR9

GROUP
3

ASTM A333 Gr. 3

3.50% Nickel

0 82.5 71.0 143.0 49.Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 124. ASTMA335-P21 2.0 24.50% Nickel .05-1.2 163.0 56.0 76.3 188.4 155.0 101.0 155.0 128.0 68.0 57.2 121.0 95. 45% Chr.5 73.4 124.5 75.4 334. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.t5 286.00%= Chr.6 86.0 170.0 132. 50-2.0 220..4 210.0 117.8 254. Brass.0 70.25% Chr.0 28.4 115. 99% Ni. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum Stainless Steels GROUP 4 GROUP 5 Types 304.0 62.0 144. Titanium.0 32.0 95. Monel.0 105.0 152.9 80.0 187.0 59. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.8 155.8 217.0 77.0 143.25% Chr.6 177.0 241.0 .0 109.0 Sl. ASTMA335-P12 .0 165.0 77.0 118.6 215..2 265.0 60.0 102.0 124.0 95. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Or.0 55..0 26.9 240.7 147.0 66.0 50.4 92.5 184.0 118..5 206.4 144.0 57.0 65.0 191.00%: Chr.0 190..75-2.0 58. ASTM A335-P7 6.5 253.5 47.4 175. ASTM A335-P5.0 88.50-.0 106. 310..2 131.0 35.0 44.00% Chr.0 62.0 164.00-6.0 93.0 165.0 134.0 124. Cu-Ni. ASTM A335-P9 8.0 90.0 207.0 54. .0 133.0 60.0 166.0 147.9 103.3 GROUP 1 .0 90.O 54.0 65.0 83.0 100.00-2.0 198.5 207. Inconel.c 4.0 90. Ferritic Chromes 10. 133.00% Chr.0 47.6 232. . 70% Chr.8 186.2 227. _ ASTM A335-P1 .0 83.0 .0 83.0 176. ASTMA335-P11 1.0 126.6 116. 3 3.0 218.1 196.0 62.b.0 196.4 199.0 66.0 128.0 38.5 318.0 231.0 28.75-3..0 45.0 209.10%Chr.0 99.1 108. 309.2 177.7 270.00-8.0 142.0 125.0 69.00-15.0 119.5 221.0 33.0 131.0 19.0 72.0 26.0 166.0 222.0 111.0 54.5 161. Incoloy.0 138. ASTM A335-P3 1.0 137.0 40. ASTM A335-P22 2. _ 51.0 84.0 69.9 119.0 164.0 181.5 30.0 81.5 230.0 22.50% Chr. ASTM A335-P3b 1.2 97.6 302.2 189.0 49.0 149.7 109..0 71.0 117.5 66. FIELD ERECTION BOLT-UPS (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 24.0 78.0 111.85-1.0 40. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.0 74.0 43.0 122.10.0 154.0 109.0 88.9 238. .00% Chr.7 55.00.0 172.0 90.9 139.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 . GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.0 43.0 132.9 202.0 111.0 58.0 37.0 47.

0 69.2 174.50-2.4 .6 127. 54.0 23.0 173.0 49.0 133.2 352. _.0 154. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum Stainless Steels GROUP 4 Types 304.00% Chr.0 57. 140.5 241.0 52. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) 1 GROUP 5 Copper.1.0 100.9 208.0 92.0 74.9 163.0 123.2 209.0 75.5 266.6 138.0 65.0 125.0 73.c 4.0 149.0 190.4 217.0 115.0 81.5 37.0 57.4 130.7 318.10.4 115.50% Chr.5 162.5 131.9 155.0 117.4 109. ASTM A335-P22 2.0 231.. ASTM A335-P5.25% Chr.3 103.0 27.0 60.6 163. Brass.0 40.0 150.0 150.0 117.9 186.4 229.3 196.5 52. ASTMA335-P12 .5 72.0 181.10% Chr.b. ASTM A335-P7 6.4 229.3 47.5 98.0 46.00-6.6 251.5 160.0 79.6 198.0 114.0 73.0 95.0 117.00% Chr.05.4 186. 70% Chr.. ASTM A335-P3 1.0 128.0 50.0 80.5 70.0 57. .0 75.0 253. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.0 144.0 62.0 88.9 301.7 185.0 31.0 25. ASTM A335-P9 8.0 169. Cu-Ni.0 95. 309.0 60.0 130.0 91.0 76.9 221.0 123.2 193.0 68..0 142.154 Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same baais as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 87.0 112.0 82. 99% Ni.45% Chr.0 85.5 34.0 42.0 201.6 253.8 240.7 185.0 52.0 94.8 200. Everdur ASTM A-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.7 69.0 87.50-.0 85.0 70.2 284.0 125.0 86.5 95. 310.4 45.0 138.5 87.50% Nickel .0 140.85.5 45. Ferritic Chromes 10.0 100.0 175.2 97.25% Chr.5 30.0 200.00.0 65.5 39.75-2. 3 3.0 65.6 243.5 218. ASTM A335-P3b 1.00-8.00-2.0 27.0 100.9 234.2 20.0 76.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .2 122.0 61.5 59. Titanium.268. ASTMA335-P11 1.3 205.8 280.0 157.00% Chr. Monel.5 81.0 107.0 124.00-15.5 121.00% Chr..4 226.0 42.0 163.0 131.0 49.4 335.2 244.0 93.0 106.0 .0 63.75-3.6 196.1.0 217.4 220.00% Chr.0 63.0 .0 139.0 173.9 58. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.5 54.0 152.0 179.0 162.6 207.0 135.0 115.7 33.7 146.0 124.0 151.0 79.2 171. Inconel.0 139.5 233. ALL WELDED FABRICATION (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 1.8 174.0 58.0 61.0 110.0 104.0 213. ASTM A335-P21 2. Incoloy.0 GROUP _ — _ _ _ _ — _ — ASTM A335-P1 .5 30.0 132.0 145.0 135.5 106.0 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 25.

50-2.4 77.c 4.0 78. Incoloy.00% Chr.5 30. 309.45% Chr. Monel.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .0 116.05.0 31.0 93.0 82. 310.0 38.0 35.6 85. GROUP ASTM A335-P1 . Ferritic Chromes 10.75-2. — GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.00% Chr.0 50.0 53. ASTM A335-P9 8.0 86.0 44. 99%* Ni.75-3.0 47.5 110.5 43.0 53.00-8. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules. ASTM A335-P5.5 20.00-10.6 169. ASTMA335-P11 1.0 70.0 26.50-.00% Chr.0 27.2 and 6 only will flame cut. AH others are to be machine cut.0 92.9 133.1.0 104.0 115. See respective percentage tables for others. ASTM A335-P7 6. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum Stainless Steels GROUP 4 GROUP 5 Types 304.4 187.5 81.0 61.0 35.4 73.25% Chr.50% Chr.0 103.0 58.3 69..00. CLASSIFICATION Nominal Pipe Size 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 Group 1 Group 2 Group 6 ' 17.0 45.70% Chr. ASTM A335-P3 1.0 33. FLAME CUTTING OR BEVELING (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MTR'L. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.00% Chr. ASTM A335-P22 2. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper. 3 3.85-1.0 40. ASTMA335-P12 . Cu-Ni.0 64.5 88.5 49. 10% Chr.0 65.0 124.7 22.0 59.0 66.0 100.6 160.5 25.15.0 23.0 28.0 28.00-6.5 39.0 39. Brass.5 46.00-2.5 178.0 57. ASTMA335-P21 2.00% Chr. Inconel.7 151. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 .25% Chr. ASTM A335-P3b 1.0 41.5 77.b.5 107. Titanium.50% Nickel .8 142.0 18.Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 62.5 99.0 71.0 49.3 Material in Groups 1.0 21.

0 50.0 64. . Brass. ASTMA335-P3b 1.00% Chr.0 54.0 129.9 109.5 117.0 121.0 39.8 35.0 104. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.5 88.00.00-15.0 59.5 49.0 40.0 75.5 49.0 15.00-6.9 133.5 99.25% Chr.0 74.8 142.b.0 87.5 110. ASTM A335-P7 6.0 28.7 147.4 124. ASTM A335-P9 8.5 107.0 135.0 13..3 84.0 59.0 93.75-3. ASTMA335-P21 2.5 30. Titanium.1 108.0 88.0 49.0 134. GROUP ASTM A335-P12 1 | | ASTMA335-P11 .0 40.10.4 187. 3.0 71.00% Chr.0 28.0 78.0 38.. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 Per ri tic Chromes ASTM A333 Gr.0 90.0 100.50-2.0 55.00% Chr.75-2.0 42.5 57.0 83.0 77..8 132.00-2.6 125.. Monel.5 20.4 133.5 50.0 35.0 100.0 .0 35.0 139. 309. 94.4 77.0 67.0 18.0 31.3 69.3 137.0 20.0 38.0 62.5 43. 70% Chr. _ _ _ - Stainless Steels GROUP 4 .0 94.0 53.0 127. GROUP 5 Copper.0 115.0 116.7 46.7 213.4 153.0 124..4 155.0 96.0 64.6 168.5 77.5 47.2 191.0 54.0 54.0 51.0 53.0 47.0 70..0 156.0 62.3 141.0 100. ASTM A335-P22 2.4 145.0 86.4 157.0 97.0 43.4 73.5 25.0 78.0 41.6 169.0 72.5 178.4 124.0 51. Types 304. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.6 116.5 ASTMA335-P1 .9 180.0 27.0 67.0 82.0 21.2 131.8 164. 3 10.0 67.0 33.0 23.5 48.9 225.0 66.7 22.0 17.0 42.5 81.50% Chr.0 146.0 58.6 169.0 26. Cu-Ni.5 36.0 41.0 58.0 71.0 36.0 117.0 93.8 110.0 63.0 88.0 44.5 146.0 88.0 95.6 160.0 84.0 39. MACHINE CUTTING AND BEVELING PIPE (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES XT • 1 IMOHtlTUal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 88 40 42 17.10% Chr.7 151.1 149.0 41.05-1.c 4. .0 103.00% Chr.00% Chr.0 61.. 310.0 101.0 90.0 108.5 30. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.8 117. 99% Ni.6 39.45% Chr.85-1.0 33.156 Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.2 236.0 89. ASTM A335-P5.0 92.0 58.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .0 113.0 83.5 161.0 45.5 46.0 33. Incoloy.25% Chr.6 85.0 105.0 77. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) 1. Inconel.0 18.8 154. .50-.0 78.50% Nickel .0 65.4 102.9 139.0 64.0 57. .0 38.0 83.0 82.4 202.00-8.0 93. Everdur ASTMA335-P3 1.2 163..0 31.5 120.

00-2.0 61.0 38.0 42. ASTM A335-P22 2.0 36.0 46.0 16. Incoloy.0 54.25% Chr.0 50. GROUP 7 Hastelloy. Ferritic Chromes 10.0 76.0 34.0 49. Cu-Ni.0 64.00-8. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) ASTM A335-P12 .0 58.0 68.0 50.0 1 ASTMA335-P1 I ASTM A335-P2 GROUP 1 .50% Moly .0 66. Titanium.50-2.0 40.1.0 60.0 46.0 43.0 46.0 52. 112.0 48.0 31.00% Chr. ASTMA335-P21 2.0 37.b.0 46.0 28.0 60.75-3.0 76.0 76.0 65.00% Chr.0 120.0 108. 3 3.0 30. THREADING PIPE PERCENT ADDITIVE UlALCiKlALi ^Jb/USDlJ* 1UA1 lUlN-UKUUr IN U IVlBHiKO AIVIJ r&R^BIN I AVjrCi Nominal Size Inches Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 20.70%.0 34.0 43.0 106.0 160.45% Chr.0 100.0 32. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules..0 61. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr.0 56.0 83.0 69.0 70. Inconel.00% Chr.0 59.0 65.0 46.50% Nickel .0 24.c 4.00% Chr.0 70. ASTM A335-P9 8.00-15.0 48.310.50-. Chr.0 86.0 .1.0 140.50% Chr. 309.0 18. Brass.0 42.0 24.0 36.0 49.0 04. Monel.0 22.0 99.25% Chr.0 27.00% Chr. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.0 40. ASTM A335-P3 1. Stainless Steels GROUP 4 Types 304. 99% Ni. ASTM A335-P7 6.85.Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION 157 Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 22.0 58.75-2.00-10. ASTM A335-P3b 1.0 55.0 25. ASTM A335-P5.0 20.0 51.05.10% Chr ASTMA335-P11 1.00-6. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum GROUP 5 Copper.

75-2.0 17.0 49.0 55.5 54.0 47. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347. 99% Ni.00% Chr.0 62.5 76.5 55.0 49. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr.1. Cu-Ni.0 29.85-1.5 45.0 20.0 19. 3 3.00-2.5 18.00% Chr.0 16.5 50.0 125.0 106.0 63.0 50.0 46.5 61.5 51.0 47.0 37. Ferritic Chromes 10.0 66.05.c 4.5 54.5 GROUP 1 ASTM A335-P1 .0 52..5 63.5 52.0 24.5 52.50% Nickel .0 32. ASTMA335-P21 2.0 98.00-6.00% Chr.0 58. ASTM A335-P3b 1.0 59.5 22.0 40.0 41.0 58.0 82.0 40. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum Stainless Steels GROUP 4 GROUP 5 Types 304. Angle Etc. ASTM A335-P9 8.00-8. ASTM A335-P12 .25% Chr.0 49.5 50.5 42.0 54.0 54.0 21.75-3.0 62. Brass.5 25.5 23. ASTM A335-P3 1.5 30.5 27.0 102.0 69.158 Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 23.5 44. Inches Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 1/2 or less 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 1-3/4 2 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 4 21.50-2. ASTM A335-P7 6.50-.0 73.0 44. Titanium.5 17.5 31.5 41.0 59.0 16.0 45. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.0 65.0 43. ASTM A335-P22 2.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .0 56.50% Chr.0 68.00-15.0 40. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.0 134.0 22.0 22.70% Chr.5 35.0 30.0 29. WELDED ATTACHMENTS AND DBILLING HOLES IN WELDED ATTACHMENTS MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION-GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES mi ' I f i nicKness 01 Plate.b.0 53. 310.0 115.0 39.0 25. ASTM A335-P5.5 64.0 53.0 26.10%Chr. Incoloy.0 24.5 29. Monel.0 61.0 33.00% Chr.10.0 56.25% Chr.0 120. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.0 57.0 79.00% Chr.45% Chr.0 129.0 110.0 43.0 43.0 30. 309.00.0 132. Inconel.0 135. ASTMA335-P11 1.

ASTM A335-P3b 1.0 64. 310.00% Chr.0 97.75-3.Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.85-1.0 20.0 42.4 157.0 53.6 116.00.7 151.5 50.0 28. Titanium.0 124.10.5 99.0 92.00% Chr. Monel.0 36. Incoloy.10%Chr.0 93.2 131.0 33.0 21.00-6.0 59.0 129.4 133.0 64.5 81.4 124.5 49.8 154.0 62.5 110.0 58.00% Chr.0 .5 47.5 48.0 51.0 54.b.0 38.0 43. Inconel.00-2.0 70.0 26.0 72.00% Chr.0 90.5 49.4 77.0 83.0 156.4 153. .0 100.6 39.0 15.0 58.0 38.6 125.8 35.5 -94.0 35.7 46.7 147.0 116.0 113. Brass.2 236.0 82.3 84.0 78. 99* Ni.c 4.0 57.0 88.0 41.0 33. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum GROUP 5 Types 304.50% Nickel .0 90.0 83.9 225.8 164.0 83..4 187.8 110.0 31.0 77.0 67.0 94.0 40.0 51.6 169.5 146. ASTM A335-P9 8.6 168.0 105.0 89.9 139.0 93.4 102.6 160. .0 146.5 ASTM A335-P1 GROUP 1 .25% Chr.0 44.8 132.0 55.0 134.1 108. — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 36.5 25.0 117. LOCAL STRESS RELIEVING (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MATJiiJtUALi U-UABairiijAiiUiN-unuur i\uivmatto AWIJ rEini/c/r* itvjr&o Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 28 23 80 32 34 36 38 40 42 17. 309. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.5 120.0 63. ASTM A335-P12 .50%Moly ~ | Stainless Steels GROUP 4 ASTM A335-P2 ..5 178.0 93.0 27.0 13.0 58.9 180.0 39.0 33.0 88.0 104..5 30.0 64.0 67.0 75.50-2.7 22.0 17.50% Chr.0 139.3 69.25% Chr.0 49.0 18.0 86.0 31..70% Chr. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.0 41.8 117. ASTM A335-P5.00% Chr.50-. ASTM A335-P7 6.0 71.0 65.7 213.0 67.1 149.4 202.0 23.2 163.5 77.0 54.5 30.5 20. ASTMA335-P21 2.0 45.0 135.0 47.5 46.00-8.0 39.3 141.0 38.0 84. ASTM A335-P3 1.0 87.5 88.4 78.0 71.0 59.0 121.6 85.0 103.0 62.0 88.0 100.4 155.0 127.5 117.45% Chr.4 124. .5 43.2 191.9 133.4 145.0 18.6 169.0 66.0 115. 3 3.0 74.. ASTMA335-P11 1. ASTM A335-P22 2.5 57.75-2.5 107.00-15.0 82'.0 77.0 108. Cu-Ni.0 40.0 61.0 53. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr.0 54.0 101.0 96.0 28.9 109. Ferritic Chromes 10.0 35.8 142.0 100.5 161.0 42.0 50. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.0 95.3 137. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.05-1.0 41.0 78.0 78.

7 23.8 55..8 151.0 23.00-15. 3. Monel. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum i GROUP Group 5 Stainless Steels GROUP 4 Types 304.6 45. ASTM A335-P9 8.1 37.5 4.5 12.5 5.0 12.0 20. .0 10.2 55.5 53.0 24.5 81.0 10.5 12.0 31.4 77.5 20. 310.00% Chr.5 7.0 15.4 j 47.4 22.5 68.0 29.0 27.0 25.0 36.5 15.1 37.5 19. ASTM A335-P12 .0 17.0 18.0 18.85.0 77.0 67.0 53.8 35.00% Chr.5 72.0 28.0 4.8 42.316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) 1 GROUP 5 Copper.3 69.9 26. -_ _ _ _ _ — _ _ — ASTMA335-P1 .0 17.00% Chr. ASTM A335-P3 1.0 47.8 35.0 15.6 168.50% Nickel .5 46.5 6.10% Chr.0 11. Titanium.0 17. Inconel.5 51.50% Chr.5 53.25% Chr. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.b.0 18.0 17.00-2.4 73.0 21.5 95.8 49. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 Ferritic Chromes ASTM A333 Gr.00% Chr.5 58.0 101. ASTM A335-P3b 1.5 22.5 62.0 40.50-.0 20.3 74. Incoloy.5 70.0 8.0 20.0 28..0 25.50%Moly ASTM A335-P2 .6 23.0 16.5 48.5 14.0 21. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.0 14.0 176.2 39.0 44.0 25.0 43.5 12.0 30.0 13.0 8.1 9.5 46.1 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 11.0 16.0 16.0 109.8 42.0 7.2 29.16O Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 32.5 27.75-2.0 32.0 32.6 85.50-2.0 6.2 26.9 20.9 50.6 37.2 21.0 8. 309.0 11.0 57.1.9 31.9 25.0 134. ASTM A335-P22 2.25% Chr.0 21.4 32.5 38.9 42.0 65. .0 30.10.c 4.0 13.0 .2 24.0 34.9 42.9 Group 3 Group 4 15.0 46.4 17.0 23.0 34.4 32.0 22.75-3.9 66.00-6.5 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 10.00-8.0 59.0 25.0 10..5 30.0 42.7 10.5 9.1 51.0 5.7 34.0 61.5 6.0 5.0 49.4 142.5 45.00% Chr.0 81.1 44.6 126.5 59. ASTMA335-P7 6. 3 10.5 Group 2 7.0 27.0 26. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.0 44. ASTMA335-P21 2. ASTM A335-P1 1 1. Brass.2 34.0 22.0 16.6 18.8 49.2 62. ASTM A335-P5.4 39.5 30.2 117.0 39. 45% Chr.2 47.0 26.1 44.5 47. Cu-Ni.0 41.00.0 13.1.5 33.4 39.0 19.0 21.0 21. 99% Ni..0 89.0 9.0 19.2 159.0 13. 70% Chr.05.0 42.0 14.0 9.0 14.6 28. (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION­GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 5.

5 46.0 21.8 42. -.0 25.0 14.05.2 45. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum Stainless Steels GROUP 4 GROUP 5 Types 304.4 14.0 30.0 12.0 20.5 17.0 10.0 13.0 14.5 5.5 30. ASTMA335-P9 8.0 14.75-3.0 25. 3.1 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group & 11.0 11.6 48.4 39.25% Chr.0 38.0 10.1 44.0 43.75-2. ASTMA335-P21 2.5 46. Cu-NL Monel.0 30.0 4.Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION 161 Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 22.5 53.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .0 9. Brass.00% Chr. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules.1 .0 6.0 28.0 16.5 19.0 19.4 22.0 5.8 50.00% Chr.0 23. 309.8 60.0 23.5 14.1 37.5 6. GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.4 46. ASTM A335-P3 1 .0 13.2 29.4 32.0 11.c 4.0 8.0 12.2 55.0 40.5 7.0 29.0 5.0 8.0 43.0 15.0 30.4 10.50% Chr.7 23.0 15.0 7.00-10.00% Chr.5 9.50-.5 26.00-6.0 16.7 38.310.1 .0 40.6 37.8 35.2 24.0 34. 28.4 40.0 38.0 23. ASTMA335-P12 .0 17.0 16. 99% Ni.0 17. _ _ _ _ _ - ASTM A335-P1 .2 45.5 66.2 21.2 32. ASTM A335-P7 6.0 17.5 10.5 20. .6 23.0 11.0 17.0 16.0 31.5 19.5 13..85-1.0 15.0 17.6 36.1 Group 5 4.0 22.0 31. Inconel.8 49.316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.5 10.0 14.4 39.4 56.0 35.0 26.0 16.8 49.1 37.5 6.9 42.2 33.6 18.0 18.5 7.00-2.9 31.00% Chr.2 39.0 23.5 15.9 20.0 11.2 47.50% Nickel . 70% Chr.0 25.0 24. ASTM A335-P5.25% Chr.6 36.5 12.0 26.00-15..8 35.0 29.0 19. ASTM A335-P22 2.0 27.5 12.5 12.0 15.. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 Ferritic Chromes ASTM A333 Gr.5 33. ASTM A335-P11 1 .0 36.0 32. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.45% Chr.0 .0 27.8 70.10% Chr.0 21.0 21.9 26.0 32.1 63. 3 10.0 8.9 50.9 Group 3 Group 4 9.9 25.0 25.0 9.8 43.0 23.00% Chr.0 13.1 53.6 28.4 34.0 10.2 26.0 13.6 45.0 28. Titanium.0 9. MAGNETIC OR DYE PENETRANT INSPECTION (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION— GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES NomiRs! Pipe Size 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 86 38 40 42 GROUP 1 Group 1 Group 2 5.0 27.50-2.0 28.1 44. ASTM A335-P3b 1.00-8.2 34.5 12.0 28.0 19. Incoloy.4 32.5 27.0 21.9 41.b.5 12.8 42.0 11.0 26.0 16.0 25.1 30.0 50.0 20.9 25.0 11.0 15.0 20.4 17.

Alloy 20 Aluminum .0 23. Incoloy.5 13.10%Chr.0 35. 3 3.0 15.5 10. GROUP ASTM A335-P9 8.0 30. 3 10.0 15.2 39.10.0 10.8 43. ASTM A335-P7 6.9 25.0 11.0 29.0 12..5 33.0 34.. Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347. GROUP Ferritic Chromes 10.5 7.0 36.2 26.0 19.5 12.0 29.0 26.0 21.0 18.50-2..0 31.8 49.5 30.1 37.5 14.0 21.5 20.7 23. ASTMA335-P11 1.0 13.0 28.2 47.0 17.0 9.0 8.0 32.8 49.0 6.4 34. Monel.1 44.0 16.0 14. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.0 25.00-8.0 26. ASTM: A335-P12 .00% Chr.5 17.0 23.5 10.5 6.8 70.4 9.0 11.2 45.0 32.5 15.4 56.0 4.9 20.2 45.0 20.5 12.00% Chr.05-1.0 31.4 32.5 19.5 19.2 29.5 66.9 31.00-2.0 21.4 14.0 10.0 27.0 11.0 50.0 5.50-.b. 99% Ni.1 37.0 28.5 12.0 11.0 23. ASTMA335-P21 2.0 14.0 11.6 28.85-1.0 40. ASTM A335-P5.9 42.0 10.5 5. ASTM A335-P3b 1.0 „ .8 35.50% Nickel 7 8 GROUP 9 Hastelloy. Cu-Ni.6 36.5 53.0 13.2 24.0 20. ASTM A335-P3 1.0 5.4 39.0 22.50% Chr.25% Chr.0 30.0 15. .0 19.6 37.4 32.8 42. — — 11.1 53.8 42.0 13.0 28.0 23.0 16.0 7.1.25% Chr.0 25.2 21.0 30.6 18.0 28.0 26.5 9. _ — _ _ — — — Stainless Steels GROUP 4 GROUP 5 Types 304.0 20.0 27.1 30.7 38. Titanium.70% Chr. ASTM A335-P22 2.00% Chr.5 6.0 25.0 15.0 25.8 60.0 16. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules. Brass.0 8.0 38.0 24. .0 15.0 13.0 16.4 46.0 27. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr. Inconel.9 50. 309. GROUP ASTMA335-P1 .00% Chr.00-15. .5 12.0 23. -.0 43.5 12.4 39.9 26.0 14.0 25.0 8..0 16.0 17.2 33.0 10.c 4.0 12.9 41.9 25.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .5 46.5 27.00-6.2 34.0 14.5 7.1 11.6 23.6 45.1 4.162 Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 22.00.8 35.8 60.0 17.6 36.00% Chr.6 48.5 26.5 46.0 16.75-3. HYDROSTATIC TESTING (PERCENT ADDITIVE) MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION— GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 2 or less 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 5.0 9.0 38.2 32.0 17.0 21.0 28.75-2.1 44.4 22.0 17.0 19.2 55. 45% Chr.9 9.1 63.4 40.0 43.0 40.4 17.

99% Ni.00-15.0 26.5 14.5 12.0 10.0 25.00-10. ASTM A335-P3 1. Incoloy.0 22. ASTM A335-P3b 1. 3 3.0 20.5 27. 8 10. ASTMA335-P11 1.. ASTM A335-P9 8.0 40.50% Moly ASTM A335-P2 .0 16. ASTM A335-P5. 310.3. 29.0 21.0 13. Ferritic Chromes 10.0 23.00-6.0 12. 6.50-.25% Chr.0 11.0 14. GROUP 7 Hastelloy.75-2.05.0 11. Titanium.75-3.0 21. Inconel. 22.12 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 5.00% Chr.5 32. ACCESS HOLES Percent Additive MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION— GROUP NUMBERS AND PERCENTAGES Nominal Pipe Size Group 1 Group 2 2-1/2.0 Group 3 Group 4 8. Cu-Ni.5 8. 24 15.0 17.0 28.0 5.0 16. ASTM A335-P12 . Brass.00% Chr.18 12.0 21. Alloy 20 GROUP 9 Aluminum Stainless Steels GROUP 4 GROUP 5 Types 304.0 19.00% Chr.0 20.00-8. ASTM A335-P7 6. plus the percentage given below applicable to the carbon steel man hour schedules. ASTM A335-P21 2.c 4.0 16.85.4 6.00% Chr.Section Three-ALLOY AND NON-FERROUS FABRICATION 163 Fabrication of alloy and non-ferrous piping is to be figured on the same basis as for corresponding operation on carbon steel materials.0 17.0 10. Monel. 309.1.0 9.50-2.0 27.50% Nickel .16. ASTM A335-P22 2. Everdur ASTMA-333-GR-1 GROUP 2 GROUP 6 ASTM A-333-GR4 ASTM A-333-GR9 GROUP 3 ASTM A333 Gr.70% Chr.0 32. 316 (including "L" & "H" Grades) Copper.0 16.0 GROUP 1 Group 5 ASTM A335-P1 .0 40.10% Chr.1.45% Chr.0 15.00-2.00% Chr.b.0 14.5 30.25% Chr.0 28.50% Chr.5 -- 24.0 . GROUP 8 Stainless Steels Types 321 & 347.

The man hours listed are for labor only and do not have any bearing on material or equipment cost. hauling from storage to erection site. and final check. All labor man hours are included for unloading. testing. as may be required for the monitor­ ing of various process systems. hauling to and unload­ ing at job storage facilities.Section Four PNEUMATIC MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION This section is included to cover the complete man hours required for installing pneumatic mechanical instrumentation. calibrating when necessary. from railroad cars or trucks. 164 . position­ ing in place.

or any electrical installation.62 8. Man hours do not include valve.99 6.93 7.91 9.000 psi @ 100° P to 375 psi @ 600° F. SS = stainless steel Above rating 2.29 7.80 10. Man hours include checking out of storage.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 165 LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Transparent Type MAN HOURS EACH Visible Length Inches CS 316SS 10-1/4 12-5/8 19-3/4 26-3/4 33-3/4 45-1/2 55 65-3/8 78-3/4 5.0 man hours per pair. Man hours are based on Penberthy TL Series.18 Man Hours Bach Note: CS = carbon steel.59 7.85 13.34 8. If liquid level gauge valves are required.40 11.25 8. calibrating if necessary.47 9. use 2.72 6.78 11.07 9. piping. hauling to location and installing.46 10.70 8. .

Man hours do not include valve. .59 8.56 6.97 5.06 5. calibrating if' necessary.65 13.80 11.166 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Transparent Type MAN FIOURS EACH Visible Man Hours Each Length Inches CS 316SS 6-3/4 5.72 6. SS = stainless steel Above rating 800 psi @ 100° F to 450 psi @ 600° F.93 7.0 man hours per pair.91 15. use 2.12 11.13 13.25 8. piping. If liquid level gauge valves are required.18 13.62 8.07 9.29 7. hauling to location and installing. Man hours include checking out of storage.91 10. Man hours are based on Penberthy TLC Series.99 12.34 9.36 10-1/4 12-5/8 19-3/4 26-3/4 33-3/4 45-1/2 55 65-3/8 78-3/4 Note: CS = carbon steel. or any electrical installation.

34 9.25 8. SS = stainless steel Above rating 2.36 10-1/4 12-5/8 19-3/4 26-3/4 33-3/4 45-1/2 55 65-3/8 78-3/4 Note: CS = carbon steel.56 6.72 6.18 13.59 8. .500 psi @ 100° F to 750 psi @ 600° F.99 12.93 7. or any electrical installation.07 9.91 10.06 5.65 13.29 7.80 11. If liquid level gauge valves are required.0 man hours per pair.97 5.12 11.13 13. calibrating if necessary.62 8.91 15. hauling to location and installing. Man hours are based on Penberthy TM Series.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 167 LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Transparent Type MAN HOURS EACH Visible Man Hours Each Length Inches CS 316SS 6-3/4 5. Man hours do not include valve. piping. use 2. Man hours include checking out of storage.

000 psi @ 100° F to 1. .34 9. SS = stainless steel Above rating 3.80 11.67 8. piping. calibrating if necessary.01 7.0 man hours per pair.13 12.44 4.56 7. If liquid level gauge valves are required. Man hours do not include valve.98 7.91 10.58 10-1/4 12-5/8 19-3/4 26-3/4 33-1/4 45-1/2 55 65-3/8 78-3/4 Note: CS = carbon steel.62 7. hauling to location and installing.84 5.38 6.07 9.500 psi @ 600° F.06 6. Man hours are based on Penberthy TH Series.25 8. use 2.93 6.12 11.168 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Transparent Type MAN HOURS EACH Visible Man Hours Each Length Inches CS 316SS 6-3/4 4.59 8. or any electrical installation.40 5. Man hours include checking out of storage.

67 8.07 9.98 7.93 6. hauling to location and installing.59 8. Mass hours are based on Penberthy RL Series.62 7.25 8.80 11.91 10.06 6.400 psi @ 100° F to 1.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 169 LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Reflex Type MAN HOURS EACH Visible Man Hours Each Length Inches CS 316SS 10-1/4 5.56 7.38 6. Man hours do not include valve.01 7. If liquid level gauge valves are required. calibrating if necessary.0 man hours per pair.13 12.34 9.300 psi @ 600° F. use 2. Man hours include checking out of storage.58 12-5/8 19-3/4 26-3/4 33-3/4 45-1/2 55 65-3/8 78-3/4 Note: CS = carbon steel. piping. or any electrical installation.12 11.44 5. . SS = stainless steel Above rating 2.

67 8. SS = stainless steel Above rating 2.80 11.59 8. Man hours are based on Penberthy RLC Series.84 5.44 4. or any electrical installation.400 psi @ 100° F to 550 psi @ 600° F.40 5. use 2.38 6.170 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Reflex Type MAN HOURS EACH Visible Man Hours Each Length Inches CS 316SS 6-3/4 4.93 6. piping.06 6. If liquid level gauge valves are required. hauling to location and installing.91 10.12 11.98 7. .13 12.01 7. Man hours include checking out of storage. calibrating if necessary. Man hours do not include valve.0 man hours per pair.34 9.25 8.56 7.58 10-1/4 12-5/8 19-3/4 26-3/4 33-3/4 45-1/2 55 65-3/8 78-3/4 Note: CS = carbon steel.07 9.62 7.

44 4.85 5.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 171 LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Reflex Type MAN HOURS EACH Visible Man Hours Each Length Inches CS 316SS 6-3/4 4. Man hours include checking out of storage.000 psi @ 100° F to 1.17 12. use 2. piping.40 6.700 psi @ 600° F.37 9. If liquid level gauge valves are required.43 5.00 8.04 7. SS = stainless steel Above rating 8. include valve.85 11.95 7. or any electrical installation. .00 7.30 8. Man hours do not. hauling to location and installing..63 8.60 7.10 6.62 10-1/4 12-5/8 19-3/4 26-3/4 33-3/4 45-1/4 55 65-3/8 78-3/4 Note: CS = carbon steel. calibrating if necessary.10 9.91 10.12 11. Man hours are based on Penberthy RM Series.0 man hours per pair.65 8.

SS = stainless steel Above rating 4. Man hours do not include valve. If liquid level gauge valves are required.85 10-1/4 5.200 psi @ 600° F.10 6.85 65-3/8 10. hauling to location and installing.0 man hours per pair.95 7. piping.44 12.62 19-3/4 26-3/4 55 Note: CS = carbon steel.10 9.12 11.30 8.04 33-3/4 7. Man hours are based on Penberthy RH Series.40 5.91 9.63 7.37 45-1/2 8.172 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATK^ LIQUID LEVEL GAUGE GLASSES Reflex Type MAN HOURS EACH Visible Man Hours Each Length Inches CS 316SS 6-3/4 4. Man hours include checking out of storage.00 12-5/8 7.17 78-3/4 11. or any electrical installation. use 2.65 8.00 8.60 6. calibrating if necessary. .000 psi @ 100° F to 2.43 4.

92 1. testing.000 psi range. . Man hours do not include installation of piping. and final check. Accuracy % of 1%. stainless movement.000 through 0-10. 0-15 through 0-1. installing. hauling to erection site.000 psi range. Type 3: Drawn stainless steel bourdon tube. 0-30 through 0-600 psi range. black finish.66 0. W bottom connection.84 0.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 173 Pressure Gauges MAN HOURS EACH Pressure Dial Size Inches Man Hours Each For Typel Type 2 Type 3 Type 4 21A 3l/> 4[/2 0. V" bottom connection. Accuracy 1% of scale.20 1. Accuracy: middle half of scale 2% of scale range. Accuracy 1%. See piping section for these charges. Man hours include checking out of storage.45 Type 1: Brass bourdon tube. Type 4: Alloy steel bourdon tube.000 psi range. phenol turret case.55 0.19 1. 1A" bottom connection. phenol turret case. cast aluminum case. drawn steel case. black enamel finish. bronze rotary movement. 0-1.92 0.55 — _ — — _ 8'/2 — 0. 54" bottom connection. calibrating. remainder 3%. 0-15 through 0-1. Type 2: Brass bourdon tube.32 1.

9 5.1 11.9 10.1 6. pneumatic. See other piping accounts for these man hours. proportional band adjustment. fabricated steel cage.4 12. fabricated steel cage.3 14.1 6. testing. Man hours do not include installation of air supply and air signal lines or bolt-up or make-on of flanges.9 5.4 12.Vote. K-Monel torque tube. 1W or 2".1 6.3 14. Type I: 600# screwed connection.6 8. fabricated steel cage.9 10. Type 2:600# flanged connections. top and bottom connections.174 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION PNEUMATIC LIQUID LEVEL INSTRUMENTS Local Mounted MAN HOURS EACH Man Hours Each Displacer Length Inches Type 1 Type 2 Type 14 32 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 3. and final checking of the level transmitters or controllers complete with air supply filter-regulator supply and output gauges.1 11. VA" or 2". top and bottom connections. top and bottom connections.4 7.4 7.0 3. external displacement type. Fisher Type 2500 pneumatic controller direct or reverse acting. 304 SS displacer. installing.6 8. Fisher Type 249A.4 12.6 8.9 5. Fabricated steel cage.9 10. Fisher Type 249A.3 14. Above man hours include checking out of storage.4 7.0 3.0 3 . two 2" cj> 30 psi gauges with airset mounted on a fabricated steel displacer cage. Fisher Type 249A. 11A" or 2". . Type 3:300# flanged connections. hauling to erection site. 316 SS trim. calibrating. side mounted.LT or LC: Level transmitter or controller.1 11.

Note: LT or LC: Level transmitter or controller.2 5. cast iron head. two 2" $ 80 psi gauges with airset mounted on a top mounted displacer assembly. cast iron head.9 6.6 8. testing. hauling to erection site.6 8. and final checking of the level transmitters or controllers complete with air supply filter-regulator supply and output gauges. See other piping accounts for these man hours.1 5. Type Type Type Type Type 1:4" 125# flanged.2 5. Fisher Type 249A.6 8.7 6. Man hours do not include installation of air supply and air signal lines or bolt-up of flanges. cast iron head.4 - 60 thru 96 108 120 . calibrating. internal displacer. Above man hours include checking out of storage.4 8.7 6. Fisher Type 2500 pneumatic controller direct or reverse acting.2 5.7 9.2 8. Fisher Type 249A. 2: 4" 250# flanged.4 8.3 9.0 5. 5: 4" 900# flanged. K-Monel torque tube.6 8. Fisher Type 249A.9 6. 804 SS displacer. cast iron head.1 5.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 175 PNEUMATIC LIQUID LEVEL INSTRUMENTS Local Mounted MAN HOURS EACH Man Hours Each Displacer Length Inches Type Type Type Type Type 1 2 3 4 5 14 32 48 5. installing. cast steel head.2 5.7 9.3 9. 3: 8" 125# flanged. 4: 8" 250# flanged. pneumatic.7 6. 316 SS trim. top mounted. proportional band adjustment.0 5. Fisher Type 249P.2 8. Fisher Type 249A. .

Output Gauge: 0-30 psi. Range: 0-10 to 0-2. maximum overrange 350 psi. Scale: Eccentric. Materials: 316 SS. 115 volts. pneumatic. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. See Electrical Man Hour Manual for this charge. Process Connection: 1A" or /£* NPT female. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. direct connected. Set Point Knob: Internal. Mounting: Bracket for 2" pipe. Pressure Element: Cu-Ni-Mn. See piping accounts for these charges.000 psi. adjustable span.6 PT absolute pressure transmitter. pneumatic. 6-/6" length. Diaphragm. Band: 4-400%. Mounting: Bracket for 2" pipe.. PR pressure recorder direct connected. With mounting yoke. installing. 24-hour. Scale: Eccentric. testing. Mounting: Bracket for 2" pipe. Range Capsule: 20-200 psi. Range: spans from 10-2. hauling to erection site.176 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION Local Mounted MAN HOURS EACH Man Hours Each FT gauge pressure transmitter. Foxboro Model: 40PR. Foxboro Model: 11GM. Chart Drive: Electric. Range: 0-10 to 0-2. Pressure Element: Cu-Ni-Mn. Control Function: Proportional plus reset.000 psi with maximum range of 3. Man hours do not include connections to process and air signal lines.000 psi. Foxboro Model: HAH. calibrating. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. Prop. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. PC pressure controller. include wiring for recorder electric charge drive. Process Connection: l/i' NPT female.000 psi.2 Above man hours include checking out of storage.5-25 minutes. 60 Hz. pneumatic indicating. Man hours do not. . 15. Reset Time: 0. Element: Cu-Ni-Mn. Diaphragm. FoxboroModel: 45P. and final checkout. Body Material: 316 SS.000 psi within limits of range capsule. Relay Action: Reversible.000 psi. Mounting: Yoke. Range: 0-10 to 0-2. diaphragm. Case: Rectangular. Case: Rectangular. Foxboro Model: 43AP-FA4. PTI pressure indicating transmitter. 7. pneumatic. maximum overrange 4. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. Pen: One. With air filter-regulator set and mounting yoke.

8-21". Control Function: Proportional plus reset. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. gas pressure.6 TTI temperature transmitter. pneumatic indicating. Tubing: &'%" OD 316 SS. fixed union with 8" bendable extension.6 TT temperature transmitter. and final check. See other piping accounts for these time frames. Mounting: Bracket for surface or 2" pipe. direct connected. Gas Pressure. Tubing: 5'!4" OD. include electrical installation for electrical hook-up required for chart driver on the recorders. Tubing: 5'1A" OD. Thermal System: Gas pressure. Bulb: 316 SS. Bushing: Plain. Thermal System: Class III. Bulb: 316 SS. 3A NPT. Thermal System: Class III. Case: Rectangular.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 177 PNEUMATIC TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTS Local Mounted MAN HOURS EACH Item Mail Hours Eacli TT temperature transmitter. Case: Rectangular. insertion adjustable. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. TS temperature recorder. Reset Time: 0. Bulb: 316 SS. with mounting yoke. Range: -100 to +1. 316 SS. Connections: Bottom. adjustable union with bendable 18" extension'%" diameter. fixed union with 8" bendable extension.5-25 minutes. Connection: Bottom. Pen: One. fixed union with 8" bendable extension.000° F. Tubing: 5'-1/8" OD. Above man hours include checking out of storage. V-type. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. pneumatic non-indicating. With air filter-regulator set and mounting yoke.2 TC temperature controller. Man hours do not. pneumatic. Foxboro Model: 43AP-FA4. 24-hour. SS. Foxboro Model: 12A. Tubing: 31A" vinyl-covered flexible SS protection over SS capillary. Bulb: 316 SS. pneumatic. Foxboro Model: 44BT. 3A" NPT. gas pressure. calibrating. Range: -300 to +600° F. 316 SS. Bushing: 34" NPT. Range: -100 to +1. including connect­ ing capillary bulb to process. plain bulb. Bushing: Plain. 7. . Band: 4-400%. Prop. direct connected. Man hours do not include installing air supply or air signal lines. 60 Hz. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. Bulb: 316 SS. Foxboro Model: 40 PR. Thermal System: Class IIIB. 7. Mounting: Universal bracket for surface or 2" pipe. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. With air filter-regulator set and mounting yoke. 17.000° F. Class IIIB. installing. Scale: Eccentric 6-1/8" length. See Electiicnl Man Hour Manual for these time frames. gas pressure. 115 volts. 15. Thermal System: Class IIIB. 316 SS. Chart Drive: Electric. Mounting: Yoke. hauling to erection site. SS. testing. Foxboro Model: 45P.

3'/£" stem Every angle adjustable. 12" stem Angle form 7" scale. 12" scale. Man hours do not include pipe or pipe fittings. 6" stem Straight form 12" scale.84 0.77 0. 6" stem Every angle a4justable. hauling to erection site. See piping tables for these man hours. checking.92 0. Man hours include checking out of storage.84 0. -40° F minimum to 750" F maximum range (600° F maximum temperature differential span). 6" stem Angle form 12" scale..92 0. red-reading mercury.92 Man hours are for thennometers.77 0. 9" scale. 12" stem Man Hour Each 0. 31A" stem Straight form 9" scale.178 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION THERMOMETERS AND THERMOWELLS MAN HOURS EACH . 12" stem Every angle acjjustable. and testing. 3l/t" stem Angle form 9" scale. 7" scale. installing. mercury in glass type. stainless steel stem and including separable 316 stainless steel well with %" NPT (external thread). ­ Thermometer Description Straight form 7" scale. epoxy-coated aluminum case.77 0.84 0. .

10 1. 12" Stem Back Connection. 4" Stem Bottom Connection. checking. 4" Stem Back Connection.77 0. mercury actuated.000° F maximum range. 12" Stem Every Angle Adjustable. 12" Immersion on Bulb 1. checking. 6" Stem Back Connection. 5" Dial.84 0. and including separable 316 stainless steel well with /4" NPT (external thread). 3" Dial. 6" Immersion on Bulb 8" Dial.84 0. See piping tables for these man hours. 5" Dial. See piping tables for these man hours.80° F minimum to 500° F maximum (500° F maximum temperature differential span). installing.30 Above man hours are for thermometers. hauling to erection site. remote reading. 12" Stem Man hours are for thermometers. hauling to erection site.84 0. 4" Stem Every Angle Adjustable. flexible extension and 5 lineal feet of copper capillary. MAN HOURS EACH r Thermometer Description Man Hours Each 4/£" Dial.84 0. Man hours include checking out of storage. 3%" Immersion on Bulb 6" Dial.20 1. (800° F maximum temperature differential span). 5" Dial. 18-8 stainless steel case and stem. 3" Dial.84 0. . filled system type. lower or back connected phenolic case for wall or flush mounting.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 179 THERMOMETERS AND THERMOWELLS MAN HOURS EACH Man Hour Each Thermometer Description 0. 5" Dial. dial type. 6" Stem Bottom Connection. installing. 5" Dial. Man hours include checking out of storage. and testing. . Man hours do not include pipe or pipe fittings. 5" Dial. Man hours do not include pipe or pipe fittings. 3" Dial.77 0. bi-metal. scale length approximately two times dial diameter. 6" Stem Every Angle Adjustable.84 Bottom Connection. stainless steel movement.77 0. complete with 18-8 stainless steel bulb. and testing. dial type. -20° F minimum to 1.'%" NIP union connection including 316 stainless steel well with %" NPT (external thread).

180 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION THERMOWELLS AND THERMOCOUPLES MAN HOURS EACH Thermowells and Thermocouples Man Hours Each Thermowells: 3/4" x W NPT 304 SS Thermowell Length— 31//' 6" 8" 10" 12" 18" 24" 0.9 0.7 Thermowells: 1" x W NPT 304 SS Thermowell Length— 3/S" 6" 8" 10" 12" 18" 24" 0.9 0. hauling to erection site. i .7 0.9 0.9 0.0 1.9 0.7 Note: SS -• stainless steel For 300# flanged add 15% to above mail hours Man hours include checking out of storage.0 1. and installing.7 0.7 0.9 Thermowells: 150# Flanged 304 SS Thermowell Length— 6" 8" 10" 12" 18" 1.7 0.0 Thermocouple head 1A" NPT 304 SS 6" long 0.0 1.0 1.7 0.9 0.7 0.

testing.9 13 B % X1 1.0 1x1 1.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 181 RELIEF VALVES MAN HOURS EACH TVpe Size Man Hour Inches Each A l /i X 1 0. installing. and checking. pressure limit 2.000#. carbon steel spring. pressure limit 2.0 1. maximum temperature 600° F. . alloy steel spring. hauling to erection site. Type B: Screwed relief valve.0 Type A: Screwed relief valve. carbon steel body. carbon steel body.0 '/2X 1 0.000#. Man hours do not include piping to or from the valve or supports if required. maximum temperature 750° F.9 A A B %x 1 Ix 1 1. Mart hours include checking out of storage. See other piping tables for these requirements.

182 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION FLANGED RELIEF VALVES MAN HOURS EACH Man Hours Each Inlet and Outlet Flange Rating Size Inches 150# 300# 600# 1x2 1. . closed bonnet with screwed cap. testing.0 2. hauling to erection site.6 1.5 2.1 4.7 2.6 1.8 Above are standard relief valves A-216 grade WCB carbon steel body.1 4. See other piping tables for thesf requirements. Man hours do not include piping to or from the valve or supports if required. Man hours include checking out of storage.4 5.5 1.4 1.9 1.7 5.3 3.8 1.0 5. and checking out. Maximum temperature 450° F. installing.5 1.4 1.8 Ik:x2 1^x2'^ T/jx3 2x3 2!4 x 4 3 x4 4x6 6x8 6 x 10 8x10 — 2.5 1.3 4.3 2. carbon steel spring.6 1.8 1.9 2.7 3.6 — 4.7 _ 1.5 3.

1 4.4 Man Hour Each Flange Rating 600# 1.9 2.7 1.6 1. Man hours include checking out of storage.7 2.5 3.3 2. testing.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 183 FLANGED RELIEF VALVES MAN HOURS EACH Inlet and Outlet Size Inches 1x2 lV>x2 l>2X2 1 /2 2x3 2'/> x 4 3x4 4x6 6x8 6 x 10 8x1 0 300# 1. See other piping tables for these requirements. closed bonnet with screwed cap.3 3.3 — 5. A-216 grade WCB carbon steel body. Man hours do not include piping to or from the valve or supports if required.7 5.5 2. Maximum temperature 800° F.6 1. and checking. tungsten steel spring.8 1.8 1. .1 4. hauling to erection site.0 _ Above are standard relief valves.9 1. installing.

calibrating. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. adjustable span. . See piping accounts for these man hours. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. Process Connection: W NPT or l/>" NPT female. Body Material: Cadmium-plated carbon steel. pneumatic. Mounting: Direct to process or by bracket for 2" pipe. 80 welding neck. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. Mounting: Direct to process or by bracket for 2" pipe. adjustable span.500 psig. Process Connection: 1 A" NPT or W NPT female of 1A" Sch. Range Capsule: 20-205" water or 200-850" water. D/P cell.6 FT flow transmitter.6 FT flow transmitter. Foxboro Model: 15-A1— for static pressure to 500 psig. Process Connection: !4" NPT or '/£" NPT female of 1A" Sch.184 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION PNEUMATIC FLOW TRANSMITTERS MAN HOURS EACH Item Man Hours Each FT flow transmitter. Body Material: Cadmium-plated carbon steel. Range Capsule: 5-25" water. D/P cell. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. 7. D/P cell. testing. With air filter-regulator set and mounting bracket. adjustable span. pneumatic. Range Capsule: 20-205" water or 200-850" water. 7. pneumatic. Man hours do not include connections to process supply and air signal lines.6 Above man hours include checking out of storage. 7.000 psig. Mounting: Direct to process or by bracket for 2" pipe. and final check. 80 welding neck. installing. Body Material: Cadmium-plated carbon steel. hauling to erection site. Foxboro Model: 13H-A1— for static pressure to 6. Foxboro Model: 13-A1— for static pressure to 1.

Differential Range: 0-50" to 0-200" of water. Mounting: Yoke. See piping account for mechanical man hours. Foxboro Model: 43AP-FA 4. 115 volts. Meter Body & Covers: Type 37 forged steel. FLOW RECORDERS. Scale: Eccentric. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. See Electrical Man Hour Manual for electrical charges. Reset Time: 0. Scale: Eccentric. Connections: 1A" or '//'. Case: Rectangular. Foxboro Model: 45P. Direct Connected. cadmium-plated. Above man hours include checking out of storage. Direct Connected. Differential Range: 0-50" to 0-200" of water. D/P cell type. AND FLOW CONTROLLERS MAN HOURS EACH Item Mail Hours Each FTI Flow Indicating Transmitter (mercury-less type). D/P Cell Type. V-type. Case: Rectangular. Chart Drive: Electric. 60 Hz. FC Flow Indicating Controller. cadmium-plated. forged steel. Foxboro Model: 40PR. Connections: 1A" or W. . Set Point Knob: Internal. Mounting: Yoke. Meter Body & Covers: Type 37. installing. calibrating. With air filter-regulator set and mounting yoke. top or bottom. Diaphragm: Stainless steel. D/P Cell Type. hauling to erection site. Ready Action: Reversible. PR Flow Recorder. Differential Range: 0-50" to 0-200" of water. Connections: 54" or W. Output Gauge: 0-30 psi. cadmium-plated. Prop. Man hours do not include connections to process air supply and air signal lines. top or bottom with mounting yoke. Pen: One. Mounting: Yoke. 6-lA" length. Meter Body & Covers: Type 37. Band: 4-400%.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 185 FLOW INDICATING TRANSMITTERS. testing and final check. With air filter-regulator set and mounting yoke. Control Function: Proportional plus reset. forged steel. top or bottom.5-25 minutes. 24-hour.

hauling to erection site. Range Capsule: 5-25" water. . Foxboro Model: 13FA1./£ NPT. Output Signal: 3-15 psi. LT Liquid Level Transmitter. 150-lb with 5" flange extension. Pneumatic. Body & Flange: Cadmium-plated carbon steel. Mounting: By flange process connection. Pneumatic. calibrating. 150-lb with 5" flange extension. Above man hours include checking out of storage. adjustable span. adjustable span. supply. Low pressure . testing and final checking of the level transmitters or controllers complete with air supply filter-regulator. Flange: 6".186 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION PNEUMATIC LIQUID LEVEL TRANSMITTERS Local Mounted MAN HOURS EACH Man Hours Each LT Liquid Level Transmitter. installing. Flange: 3". Output Signal: 3-15 psi. Mounting: By flange process connection.k» NPT. Process Connection: High pressure-ANSI raised face modified flange. and output gauges. See other piping accounts for these man hours. Process Connection: High pressureANSI raised face modified flange. With air filter-regulator set. Low pressure . Foxboro Model: 15FA1. D/P Cell. With air filter-regulator set. Body & Flange: Cadmium-plated carbon steel. Man hours do not include installation of air supply and air signal lines or bolt-up of flanges. D/P Cell. Range Capsule: 20-205" water or 200-850" water.

The instruments that are to be installed on the panel board or cabinet are usually furnished to the sub-contractor by the general contractor. and set on foun­ dation. add an additional time for each connection 2.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 187 Control Panel Installation Control panels are usually fabricated by a sub-contractor who specializes in this type of work. Panel boards are usually fabricated in sections up to approxi mately 12'Q" in length. To unload control panel from carrier.5 man hours .5 man hours If more than one section of control panel is required. move into position. Per linear foot of control board length 1.

two controllers three pens. one controller two pens.3 5.2 3.3 5. one pointer two peris two pens.4 Above man hours include making tubing terminal connections. and commis­ sioning pneumatic instruments. for two variables 1.0 2.4 5.8 8. 4" strip chart:. one pointer three pens Controller—Shelf Mounting: proportional control proportional control plus derivative control proportional control plus reset control proportional control plus reset plus derivative control 2.8 11. two controlling. .7 3.4 8. No manufacturer's representatives are included in the above man hours. unit Recorder — 7-W x 7-lA".3 4. with automatic reset.3 Manual Loading Station—6" x 5-14" with circular dial and horizontal output indicator: one pointer diaphragm element two pointers diaphragm element two pointers diaphragm element with set point regulator two pointers diaphragm element with set point regulator and auto . one pen. one recording only Man Hours Each 4./man. testing. checking.0 Receiving Indicator—concentric dial 3-/£" circular case ribbon type. horizontal or vertical 4" scale ribbon type. Mail hours for installation of air supply piping and air signal lines from control panel to remote instruments are not included. adjusting.4 4. one pen two pens three pens Recording Control Station—7-W x 7-/4".4 4.3 4. calibrating. one controlling.0 Receiving Recorder—large case 12" circular chart. 4" strip chart and vertical output gauge: one pen one pen.7 3. one recording only two pens.4 4.2 "" 3.4 6.6 8.0 4.188 Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION CONNECTING PNEUMATIC PANEL BOARD INSTRUMENTS MAN HOURS EACH Description Recording Controller—large case 12" circular chart. See other accounts for these man hours. one pen two pens three pens 2.2 3.8 13.

high limit 1. Rear of Panel Mounting: Analog computer for multiplying two variables. High or Low of 2 Pressures 1.0 5. roll or scan-fold one pen chart: two pens three pens four pens 2.3 1./Manual Switching Station—shelf-mounted with input and output indication Ratio Station—shelf-mounted with manual ratio setting add for input indication 22 3.2 1. 2 units wide.2 Auto. .1 Above man hours include making tubing terminal connections.3 5.3 Square Root Extractor. per pt. Input . or dividing one variable by a second one.1 Selector Relay.6 Flow Integrator—6-digit actual flow indicator Multipoint Temperature Recorder. or extracting square root of one variable.0 5. testing and commis­ sioning pneumatic instruments.0 Manual Loading Stations—shelf-mounted with output indication shelf-mounted with input and output indication 2. or squaring one variable 3. Man hours for installation of air supply piping and air signal lines from control panel to remote instruments is not included.1 Booster Relay. 1:1 Ratio 1. 2.0 6.3-15 psi 2.2 Reversing Relay.1 Limit Relay.1 Limit Relay. Multipoint Temperature Indicator.9 5. low limit 1.1 Miscellaneous Pneumatic Panel Instruments. per pt.2 2.2 8. adjusting.Section Four—MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTATION 189 MAN HOURS EACH Description Man Hours Each Controller with Local/Remote Set Point—shelf mounting. See other accounts for these man hours. proportional control proportional control plus derivative control proportional control plus reset control proportional control plus reset plus derivative control 3.1 Receiver Recorder—shelf-mounted. No manufacturers representatives are included in the above man hours. 1:1 Ratio 1. calibrating. checking.

It may be ex­ cavated by sturdy power shovels without preliminary loosening. HARD PAN OR SHALE — A soil that has hardened and is very difficult to loosen with picks. Preliminary loosening is not required when power excavating equipment such as shovels. LIGHT SOIL •— Earth which can be shoveled easily and requires no loosening! such as sand. Light blasting is often required when excavating with power equipment. stiff clay or compacted gravel are good examples of this type. soft. Before an estimate is made on this item it is well to know the kind of soil that may be encountered. (May be divided into different grades such as hard. For carbon steel pipe installation man hours refer to section two of this manual. small stones and boulders. Group 4. This earth is usually classified as ordinary soil and loam. Hard and compacted loam containing gravel. Group 3: HEAVY OR HARD SOIL — This type of soil can be loosened by pick but this loosening is sometimes very hard to do. dragline scrapers and backhoes are used. Group 2: MEDIUM OR ORDINARY SOILS — Type of earth easily loosened by pick. has been covered with a table listing the direct man hours that are required for coating and wrapping various sizes of pipe. we have divided soil into five groups according to the difficulty experienced in excavating it.) For pipe installation we have included man hour tables covering cast iron. Group 5: ROCK — Requires blasting before removal and transporting. In many instances specifications may call for the coating and wrapping of under­ ground pipe. For this reason. 190 . or medium. the area in which the pipe is to be installed must be excavated. Soils vary greatly in character and no two are exactly alike. First of all. This too. Group 1.Section Five UNDERGROUND PIPING In this section we have tried to cover all labor items related to a complete Installation of underground piping. con­ crete and vitrified clay under this section.

7 4.7 2.0 1.1 2.4 Trenching Machine 3.8 — NET MAN HOURS PER 100 CUBIC YARDS ROCK HARD PAN EQUIPMENT Power Shovel 1 cubic yard Dipper 3/4 cubic yard Dipper 1/2 cubic yard Dipper Backhoe 1 cubic yard Bucket 3/4 cubic yard Bucket 1/2 cubic yard Bucket Op.1 4.6 6. Engr.9 1.7 4.0 3. Engr.4 1.6 4. Oiler Labor HEAVY SOIL Op.9 3.0 0.4 4.S 3. Engr.7 2.4 4.1 3.1 1.5 2.4 4.6 6.7 2.4 4.8 6.0 2.6 6.7 2.5 3.7 1.4 1.1 3.9 Dragline 2 cubic yard Bucket 1 cubic yard Bucket 1/2 cubic yard Bucket 0.7 1.0 1.Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING 191 MACHINE EXCAVATION NET MAN HOURS PER 100 CUBIC YARDS EQUIPMENT Power Shovel 1 cubic yard Dipper 3/4 cubic yard Dipper 1/2 cubic yard Dipper LIGHT SOIL Op.1 1.7 2.1 3.3 2.8 -- 9.8 2.1 6.6 6.7 4.4 4.8 2.0 2.0 1.7 3. See pages on hauling for this charge.6 6.7 4.6 6. Engr.7 1.7 4.0 2.5 3.6 3.4 1.8 3.5 2.4 4.1 3.5 2.6 6.4 4.9 — — — 7.5 4.4 4.5 2.1 4.5 2.7 3.6 3.1 1.7 2.3 2. Operation includes excavation and dumping on side line or into trucks for hauling but does not include hauling.4 4.0 1.4 4. This must be added in all cases.1 3.1 2.1 4.0 3.7 2.1 4.0 Backhoe 1 cubic yard Bucket 3/4 Cubic yard Bucket 1/2 cubic yard Bucket 1. .6 6.1 2.8 2.1 4. Engr.7 4. Oiler Labor 3.4 4.1 3.0 1. Oiler Labor Op.7 1.6 6.5 2.8 3.9 1.6 6.4 4.7 3.5 3.7 4. Oiler Labor 1. Oiler Labor MEDIUM SOIL Op.1 1.0 2.7 1.9 3.3 2.8 3.0 0.1 Man hours are for operational procedures only and do not include equipment rental or depre­ ciation.0 3.0 2. For excavations greater than 5*6" add 25% to above man hours.

74 4.60 2.94 3.97 6.192 Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING HAND EXCAVATION NET LABORER MAN HOURS PER CUBIC YARD Soil Light Medium Hard or Heavy Hard Pan Excavation First Lift Second Lift Third Lift General Dry 1.07 1.09 Man hours include picking and loosening where necessary and placing on bank out of way of ex­ cavation or loading into trucks or wagons for hauling away.14 2.21 4.91 5.37 General Dry 1.31 General Dry 2.01 5.89 General Wet 1.67 3.20 General Dry 3.13 2. . Man hours do not include hauling or unloading.27 5.42 1.85 3.60 2.28 5.33 7.72 General Wet 3.55 4.57 Special Dry 4.07 2.34 1.69 7.83 Special Dry 1.13 2.68 Special Dry 2.61 General Wet 4.49 3.78 2.83 General Wet 2.79 Special Dry 1.

0 11.0 3.0 0. Blasting 13.0 7. — 0.Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING 193 ROCK EXCAVATION Labor Hours per Cubic Yard Soft Medium Hard Hand Drill.0 6. For hauling see respective man hour page.0 21.5 Operation Man hours include hauling. erecting and stripping.0 16. Equipment and materials must be added in all cases.0 22.0 Hand Drill. Plug and Feathers 8.0 30.0 Machine Drill.0 14.0 Operation Man hours are for above described operations only.0 Machine Drill. Laborers Carpenters Truck Drivers Placing 3.4 Removing 2. Blasting 4.4 . Plug and Feathers 15.

Truck Driver Laborer Truck Driver Laborer Truck Driver 11.2 2.8 3.0 6.7 __ 2.8 12.P.8 9.2 36.0 1.8 __ 2.7 7.6 —~ 2.3 16.5 4 cubic yard Truck: One Mile Haul Two Mile Haul Three Mile Haul Four Mile Haul Five Mile Haul 11.7 1.0 1.8 Laborer 3 cubic yard Truck: One Mile Haul Two Mile Haul Three Mile Haul Four Mile Haul Five Mile Haul 28.7 1.8 3.0 41.3 2.4 13. unloading and labor for minor re­ pairs and maintenance to vehicle.2 6.3 8.3 15. Man hours do not include equipment rental or depreciation.3 8.0 1.0 1.5 7.0 0.0 25.0 4.0 15.6 26.0 2.3 10.6 **""• 8 cubic yard Truck: One Mile Haul Two Mile Haul Three Mile Haul Four Mile Haul Five Mile Haul 5.7 1.4 31.7 2.0 "- —~ 1.2 tO. Average Speed 15 M.6 1.2 20.194 Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING DISPOSAL OF EXCAVATED MATERIAL NET MAN HOURS PER 100 CUBIC YARDS Length of Haul and Truck Capacity Average Speed 10 M.0 5. 5 13.0 9.7 1.0 ~~ Man hours include round trip for truck.0 1.6 16.6 1.0 „_ 10.0 1.2 1.9 1.0 1.6 26.0 •" 5 cubic yard Truck: One Mile Haul Two Mile Haul Three Mile Haul Four Mile Haul Five Mile Haul 9.2 21.0 3. P.0 1.7 1.0 2.1 2.0 2.7 1.8 2.0 1.0 4.8 2.1 2. .8 2.0 13.6 8.1 21.7 1.1 2.0 3. H.4 *"""" 1.5 14.8 2.8 2.0 3.0 21.H. spotting at both ends. Average Speed 20 M. P.0 0.0 15.3 21.4 12.0 **~ 7.3 2. This must be added in all cases.9 1.0 17.0 17.8 6.7 12.0 _„ 2.2 15. For loading and excavating see respective man hour listings.2 15.8 18.1 2.3 2.9 10. H.0 7.8 3.

Man hours for bulldozer placing is that of operating engineer.23 0.79 4..04 . B.. See respective pages for this charge. Fitting man hours includes one make-on. set and align in trench.25 6 0.00 Pipe man hours includes handle.07 1.80 0.60 0.50 0.53 2.37 0. Cement Joint Joint Sulphur Joint 4 0.70 0.62 14 0.59 24 0.09 0.43 12 0.Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING Hand Shovel Placed Bulldoze Placed Tamped 6" Layers Light 0.35 10 0.00 Heavy 1.85 0.io Soil 195 Man hours for hand shoveling and tamping is that of common labor.35 1.63 3. haul. & S.95 0.50 0.00 2. B & S Fittings Lead & Mech.57 0. UNDERGROUND ISO LBS.34 20 0.89 16 0.10 i.24 1.60 0.11 0.17 0.25 0. All man hours are based on backfill materials being located within shoveling distance of exca­ vated area. CAST IRON PIPE LABOR m MAN HOURS MAN HOURS PER FOOT Size Inches Pipe Set & Align PER MAKE-ON 150 Lb.89 1.68 1.24 1.45 2.78 1.60 1.00 0.14 0.28 1. Medium 0.35 0.29 8 0.81 2.19 2.14 18 0. Man hours must be added for excavation. .

82 15 0.19 0.32 0.80 3.50 3.15 0.50 0.25 0.95 0.56 0.56 2.40 1.25 8 0.196 Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING UNDERGROUND VITRIFIED CLAY AND CONCRETE PIPE LABOR IN MAN HOURS Size Inches CONCRETE PIPE (Not Reinforced) Set & Align Cement Pipe Poured Per Foot Joint Each VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE Set & Align Pipe Poured Joint Each Per Foot 4 0.43 12 0.29 8 0.75 0.19 1.10 0.0? Man hours includes handle.29 1.50 0.19 0.85 48 0.31 2.25 0.20 0.15 0.07 0.35 10 0.32 1.13 0.28 0. For reinforced concrete pipe add 5% to man hours listed for concrete pipe.08 0.44 2.26 60 0.11 0.62 4.39 0.04 36 0.64 2.14 21 0.63 30 0.10 0. No labor for excavation or backfill is included. Man hours for joint or connection of fittings is for one make-up only.25 1.48 1.07 0. haul.07 0.38 24 0.37 2.08 0. . set in trench and align.11 0.44 42 0.14 1. Add from respective pages for these charges.89 18 0.88 0.07 0.

.87 0.33 8 0. 0 95 24 0.25 0.52 0. .04 0.38 0.82 0.96 1. .33 0. .08 0.12 0. 197 0.54 0.38 10 0.78 0.45 Man hours include: Sandblast commercially Apply one prime coat of pipeline primer Apply 3/32" pipeline enamel Apply two ply of 15# tarred felt Apply one seal coat of pipeline enamel For hand coating and wrapping add 100% to above man hours.60 0.68 0.52 .30 6 0.85 20 0 75 . .43 12 0. .59 0. hauling and the complete installation in all cases.32 0. .10 1.62 Man hours are for labor only and include handling. 14 0. .63 0. . 16 0. 88 .00 1. . Man Hours Per Foot 0. .05 1.91 0.09 0.06 0. PIPE COATED WITH TAR AND FIELD WRAPPED BY MACHINE NET MAN HOURS PER LINEAL FOOT Nominal Pipe Size 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Nominal Pipe Size Man Hours Per Foot 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 0.38 .Section Five—UNDERGROUND PIPING Friction Clamps Complete Positive Clamps Complete 4 0.13 0. .20 0. .45 ..16 0. .24 1.28 0.41 0.07 0.05 0.73 0.04 0.50 0.75 18 0. . 1 10 Pipe Size Inches .68 0.25 0.37 0.28 0.

ring. formulas and solutions as to how a process piping system should be hung and/or supported. band. the drawings will not show hangers and supports but the specifications will state that they are to be furnished and installed by the contrac­ tor. this becomes the estimator's problem for the purpose of bidding the job. It includes labor man hours for the installation of patented clevis. 198 . etc.Section Six The following table is intended to cover labor in man hours for the hanging and/or supporting of a process piping system. diagrams. channels. You will find under Section Ten entitled "Technical Information" on pages 214 through 221. Thus. tables. In many cases. expansion and trapeze types as well as fabricated hangers and supports made from structural angles.

20 man hours 8" — 1. . — — *The patent hanger allowances are for supporting pipe through 4" size.00 Female Stud or Male _ Stud 6 Coupling ~~ ™mset ..00 — . The following factors should be applied for sizes over 4": 6" —. 20 man hours ._ — 4. 1.Section Six—HANGERS AND SUPPORTS 199 HANGERS AND SUPPORTS Fabrication: Labor only for fabrication of other than standard manufactured hangers and sup­ ports can be performed at 0. Fabricated Hangers (Angles.60 — Bolt or Strap -- 1.. Etc.60 — 1.. 08 man hours per pound with a minimum time of 1 man hour regardless of weight. — — — — »_ _„ Female Stud or Male r»Q.50 Clip Angle — Ramset 1. 50 man hours 10" — 1.1.80 man hours 12" — 2. Channels..50 Beam Clamp or Corn Clamp -­ — Clip Angle — Ramset w — — 2.07 man hours per pound. ): 0.20 Cinch Anchor .60 — — — .30 Welded Clip Angles Female Stud or Male _ Stud fi Coupling . Field Erection: Type of Hanger PATENT Man Hours Per Hanger41 Hanger Fastened To ExistConcrete or ing Steel Masonry Wood Pipe Hanger Suspended From Welded Clip Angle 1.4' Bar) — — 2.woo» Stud & Coupling "" RamS6t 1.20 2.00 — .00 — — 1.00 — — 1.00 Nelgon g d — .60 Clevis Hanger Female Stud or Male _ Nelson stud Welder Band Hanger Stud & Coupling Ring Hanger Expansion Hanger Beam Clamp or Corn Clamp Cinch Anchor Band and Rod PATENT Trapeze Hanger (!' .

on the other hand the same set-up maybe required to band one line. 200 . As an example. we feel that this operation must be looked at individually accord­ ing to piping specifications and locations. Therefore.Section Seven PAINTINO This section deals solely with the sandblasting and painting of a piping system and is so ar­ ranged as to include the direct man hours by pipe size for six (6) different types or speci­ fications. We have not covered color coding under this section due to the fact that the scope of the work involved in this operation can vary so greatly.you maybe able to set-up in one location and band as many as a dozen lines.

42 9.57 14.PerL.24 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 8.PerL.456 1.32 3-1/2 0.258 2.81 7.753 26 28 6.52 12.734 2.75 6.38 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 1.71 5.03 12. 0.28 0.13 15.F.F.344 0.916 1.F.96 10.497 22 24 5. Nominal Size Inches Surface Area S.810 3.142 3.178 1.46 11.047 30 32 7.F.85 8.Section Seven—PAINTING SURFACE AREA OF PIPE FOR PAINTING Surface Area S.00 11.71 Nominal Size Inches 1 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 201 .622 0.67 4.89 9.19 4.

65 0.19 0.88 0.59 0.93 0.75 0.15 0.10 0.34 0.08 0.85 0.21 0.09 0.19 0.32 0.83 0.13 0.07 0.59 0.08 0.43 0.24 0.74 0.40 0.62 0.08 0.24 0.72 0.08 0.35 1.18 0.27 0. .46 0.05 0.35 0.20 0.71 0.43 0.05 0.73 0.64 0.31 0.15 1.44 0.67 0.59 0. Labor for scaffolding must be added.77 0.87 0.42 0.47 0.40 0.10 0.76 0.17 0.31 0.60 0.08 0.64 0.08 1.06 0.46 0.10 0.07 0.52 0.11 0.50 0.35 0.04 0.31 0.25 0.05 0.29 0.49 0.08 0.05 0.45 0.56 0.37 0.68 0.24 0.40 0.05 0.40 0.42 0.52 0.24 0.20 1.06 0.53 0.62 0.72 0.21 0.71 0.80 0.48 0.12 0.12 0.18 0.64 0.27 0.05 0.92 0.56 0.37 0.16 0.34 0.10 0.95 1.56 0.53 0.34 0.45 0.96 1.80 Nominal Size Inches 4-Coats Conventional Paint 4-Coats Chlorinated Rubber 2 2-1/2 0.10 0.85 • Man hours for painting pipe only.22 0.06 1.84 0.06 3 8-1/2 0.38 0. Man hours to galvanize exterior and interior of pipe is approximately the same as dimetcote.29 0.59 0.61 0.63 0.60 0.26 0.40 0.202 Section Seven--PAINTING SAND BLAST AND PAINT PIPE COMMERCIAL BLAST NET MAN HOURS PER LINEAL FOOT 4-Coats Vinyl Paint 1-Coat Dimetcote #3 5-Coats Epoxy Paint 1/16" Barretts 10-70 0.08 0.13 0.19 0.15 0.95 1.15 0.14 0.09 0.65 0.65 0.13 0.13 0.06 0.07 0.31 0.19 0.56 0.50 0.56 0.25 0.07 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 0.37 0.80 0.10 0.23 0.21 0.18 0.52 0.27 0.70 0.07 0.28 0.10 1.35 0.90 0.81 0.19 0.09 0.68 0.51 0.55 0.49 0.13 0.48 0.32 0.16 0.10 0.51 0. Man hours for galvanizing exterior of pipe only is approximately 80% of conventional paint.45 0.00 1.17 0.70 0.

Section Eight PATENT SCAFFOLDINO This section covers labor in man hours for the erection and dismantling of patent tubular steel type scaffolding. We have not attempted to cover job fabricated homemade scaffolding due to the fact that this type of scaffolding for a piping job is so out­ rageously high.. If this type of scaffolding is de­ sired. etc. 203 . In the process of making the piping material take-off. the estimator should give due consider­ ation to the lengths of run. the height. so that the number and height of sections of scaf­ folding may be determined for the entire piping job. you must look elsewhere or draw from your past experience.

90 0.40 . MAN HOURS PER SECTION One or Two Sections High More than Two Sections High Erect Dismantle Total Erect Dismantle Total One to two sections long 1.50 1. Sections — 7' L x 5' W x 5' H Includes: Transporting scaffolding and materials from storage.20 2.40 1.00 0.90 Three to five sections long 0.70 0.60 1.00 2. Transporting scaffolding and materials to storage.70 1.70 1.40 1. Installation of 2" planking.70 Six sections and more long 0.50 1.204 Section Eight—PATENT SCAFFOLDING ERECT AND DISMANTLE DIRECT LABOR — MAN HOURS PER SECTION Patent Tubular Steel Scaffolding — 2" Planking Top.40 1.90 0.10 0. Erection of scaffolding including leveling and securing. Dismantling of scaffolding.

"Do I want or need this job. is the job large or small.Section Nine INSULATION The hardest of all piping items for which to try to set a standard man hour rate is insulation. etc. This is due largely to the fact that this is a very special item which is usually subcontracted to an organization who specializes in this field. Too. an insulation contractor will consider many factors before he submits his bid — such as. we believe that for projects where much and varied insulation is to be used a contractor who specializes in this type of work should be consulted on this matter. The man hours which appear in the following tables are the average of many jobs and we believe they will work fine for the types of in­ sulation they cover." The cost of moving in and setting up is just as great regardless of the size of the job. However. 205 .

84 .20 1.06 4.80 .73 2. perEa.66 1.74 .57 4.37 .76 .20 2.07 4.80 .29 1.02 1.99 3.74 .04 2.65 4.14 9.88 4.31 .72 U 2.92 2.57 .86 .81 6.28 .21 6.90 .91 7.86 .88 4.49 1.45 1.58 .76 .53 .57 .5 2 3 4 6 8 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/2 2 3 4 6 8 Straight Bent Flanges Valves Valves.41 4.91 1.80 4. Foamgtoss: Use same man hours as appear above for this type insulation.65 5.35 . This will include labor for butter joints with "Seal Koat" and secure with 16 and 14 gauge galvanized wire on 9" centers.82 .86 .32 8.28 .37 .58 2.53 .15 1.99 3.24 .66 .43 1.59 .47 .52 1.97 .45 .74 2.17 11.72 .56 .71 .31 .30 2. Finish with one coat "Seal Koat" for indoor piping and 55# asbestos roofing felt secured with 16 gauge wire 6" on center over the layer of "Seal Koat" on outside piping.76 .79 .56 .43 .35 6.31 .13 12.30 .18 1.66 4.01 1.54 2.33 2.84 3.25 .48 7. Each .73 3.39 1.88 7.74 3.39 1.22 8.71 .91 1.30 .91 7.30 .99 3.35 .17 4.52 1. troweling or palming.78 .32 8.34 3. brush­ ing.04 2.48 7.03 2.63 .86 .5 14 18 18 20 24 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/2 3.48 .72 .50 .41 4.79 3.59 2.31 6.50 .30 2.19 .12 1.84 5.00 6.37 1.06 1.01 1.28 .43 .79 3.74 .24 .94 1.05 3.56 6. perEa.62 .57 .12 1.80 .75 .55 1.58 1.48 .28 .47 .30 8.18 .69 10.86 .12 1.15 10.30 8.43 6.28 .21 6.32 2.84 .42 3.93 2.87 1.37 .50 .54 2. coating with vinyl emulsion.47 .43 .03 2.30 6.23 2.18 .63 5.87 1.36 2. per Ea.50 1.06 4.71 1.02 1.52 1.11 1.21 1.15 3.57 5.06 1.01 1.42 6.91 1.54 1.10 3.65 1.31 6.44 .08 2.91 .36 1.18 .35 Thermal Insulation: Consists of applying hydraulic setting.78 .50 .37 1.04 2. Fittings Fittings Hangers Nozzles Pipe Pipe Pipe per Line Flgd.96 1.67 1.62 .72 3.21 3.42 2.52 2.29 1.76 .80 .02 2.94 2.31 .58 .5 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/2 2 3 4 6 8 10 12 2.0 Pipe Size 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/2 2 3 4 6 1.67 .11 4.01 1.69 1.44 3.47 .43 .63 4.72 .62 .97 .47 .56 .29 .46 1.00 6.67 .02 1.44 .31 2.69 10.52 2.01 1.21 . double wrapping with glass fiber cloth and coating with vinyl emulsion seal coat.50 1.43 3.57 4.08 3.47 .43 .21 .58 .93 9.13 1.78 2.44 .81 2.78 .00 3.71 3.37 .45 2.35 1.21 .35 1.54 2.49 1.01 3.78 .15 10.63 5.55 .37 .14 1. per Ea.87 1.13 12.36 .72 1.17 11.06 4.42 1.34 1.20 1.42 1.50 .27 1.43 6.206 Section Nine—INSULATION INDOOR THERMAL TYPE NET MAN HOURS Thickness Inches 1.95 1.29 .78 .86 .37 .27 1.25 .36 .19 .42 2.02 1.45 .11 1.38 .65 5.47 .39 1.81 6.19 .55 .14 9.01 3.29 .31 .92 2.69 1. Note: S & W denotes screwed and welded.68 .78 .08 5.58 1.05 4.82 .97 .50 1.40 2.50 .93 9.69 2. Outside Use: Add 10% to above man hours.91 1.02 1.86 .18 1.38 .31 .21 1.26 1.21 1.15 1. .31 .25 .91 .24 .27 1.84 3.43 2.28 1. perEa.43 . S& W Flanged S & W perLF perLF per Ea.46 4.86 1.64 .94 9.80 .21 1.31 .56 6.30 6.73 3.67 .68 .48 .84 .16 1.35 .03 2.45 2.90 3.74 .42 1.89 1.02 1.74 .42 6.14 1.24 2.80 .86 .27 1.45 3.38 .88 7.90 2.56 .03 .14 1.22 8. insulating cement by spraying.24 3.06 4.21 1.11 1.99 3.68 .55 .

Above thicknesses and man hours are for all hot services.18 1.11 .14 .93 .72 2.74 .5 x straight pipe of like size and thickness measured along outside radius.41 . 1.22 .27 . Fittings: To be built-up with insulating cement or sectional pipe covering pointed up with asbestos cement.65 1. 4.83 2 1" thick Calsilite .14 .12 .65 5 1" thick Calsilite .74 .96 2. f. .54 1.36 .05 6 1" thick Calsilite .52 . Pipe Covering: Molded sections secured with 16 ga. finish: In­ doors with 6 ounce canvas with laps sealed with Arabol lagging adhesive.18 .96 8 1-1/2" thick Calsilite .74 1 1-1/2 1" thick Calsilite 1" thick Calsilite . Method of Measurement: Straight pipe to be determined by measuring along approximate center line over the exterior of the insulation from center line to center line of change of direction. 6.36 .44 .61 .11 . Steam Traced Piping: To be man houred at size of pipe covering required to fit over pipe and tracer line.36 1. galvanized tie wire 6" o.21 . c. b.15 7 1-1/2" thick Calsilite .25 .Section Nine—INSULATION 207 INSULATION HOT PIPING — MAN HOURS Flanged Valves fc Fittings each Straight Pipe per 1. Bent Pipe: 1. The above man hours are for either indoor or outdoor service.36 .13 . except bent pipe.37 4 1" thick Calsilite . 5.77 2.39 Pipe Size Inches Thickness and Type 1/2 3/4 Flanges per pair Man Hour.10 3.33 . galvanized tie wire. 2.21 . Screwed & Weld Fittings per each 1" thick Calsilite 1" thick Calsilite . Specifications: a. if calcium silicate is used.88 3 1" thick Calsilite . 3.25 .15 . finished with 6 ounce canvas and Arabel for indoor service and "Seal Perm" for outdoor service. Finish: Outdoors with 55# Fiberock Asbestos Roofing felt secured with 16 ga. Measurement shall be made through all valves and fittings.34 .18 .

Simply by multiply­ ing this composite rate by the total man hours involved. As is stated in the Preface of this manual. you will find ample space provided for this item. We do not show in this sample estimate any material cost. nevertheless. equipment usage. arrived at as out­ lined in the Introduction of this manual. miscellaneous supplies. equipment usage and fabrication shop set-up. We feel that this item has much value such as an estimate check using the weight method. We purposely have not included material.Section Ten This section is presented for the purpose of showing the work ability of a few of the man hour charts as appear throughout this manual. 208 .a total estimated direct labor dollar value can be easily and accurately obtained. It is merely a suggested method. It does not mean that a take-off must be made in this manner before the man hour charts will work. overhead and profit in this esti­ mate. or for the estimation of warehousing. its sole purpose is for the estimation of direct labor in man hours only. You will also find space provided for both unit and total weights of pipe and fittings. You will note on the following take-off sheets at the top of the page a predetermined composite rate.

TION Of WORK Dwcnption Unrt Quantity Total T ^ i ~ . T O . .. i i 1 f L_ J~ Unit W.ight i Unit I i j j Man-Houn j LOCATION Mon-Houri Total JOB ESTIMATING FORM Unit labor Coil Unit Material Cost CHECKED «V RATE CHEW CO»PO«ITE labor " T__ ! i ! 1 1 Material Total Cotf DATE DUE DATE IN ^ 1 | L j ESTIMATE NO SHEET NO .

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t . . Jfl • +> SB ^ f t t-* +s ! to ! tj ° > I. in in Oi: .' ' '» rH •H rH C. ' i •• • : ' j CD '•X) vC^ ^£S \Oj i r ' : 1 I* if*^^~. . 1 ( i "'-' o ? C^ CJ i-H| 0 .C tC \OICC «N vC rH' rv ) |Et . '' j ^H B] M 4J _ CD t^ > " _p.'-3 ^ & ^*c O K o S *> C -*l Oj • ^ i t . rH \D I . «i • TJ MtcH «. .' : i • l l i 3? c . I 1 1 1 I ) ! ' 11 1 i 1 11 I I I t I I I l. 1 .D | ^ Iu" ! u 5 ^ O K * ! ' c' *'c '- = £'£' • ' * *K 1 : : 1 0 i ? ffl < tso «* ^ r 5S . c m •rlL. « « = r C . o 1 HO ^)»H ^^x~i a> g d •& o "d jj -H r-i "v rH -4 = -^ f-i CO 1 i << ' '«IOTfH rH CV .__ . b(J c r " o o t> a. ^ .! t loV i t 1 rH CM r^J i i • i t rH Mi. : i W i H r-l ES O jH 4J ' ' ' " :ca ito ft. . S. «fH K C| ' «:. *-H 85 O M § f3 w : *> <ri .. C.<n i l l ike C' O O. »7 ica IH in »H iss a> e « 3-. ) ' I I i l I l .t-JE- ' 1 vC * \I Id QQ 0 -) OJ rH I I I i in '^\ ' f 5. _ * . . c * i«-J e « ix X JH f t«a ti. . i-3i (S. t C » 1 1 . . t 1 pe i Z t" o X C C «n. . BS m . t< 1 (C +3 ff CU o " O O O as «j c «> o' tj y) "t^ . . . rv rv ^ j d » Jf-< c\ff «S rv rv o I :rH - *M <-> d i $ r Utn . » . i ! : . . 1• c^SI j ff ! c^' C|rv tc \q cv- ~j! C . . •§0 Set > £2: *<e o ft. ^: i8S . 5 "* 1 1 O 1 1 r^N. IO O tC mi r^uSr-l! iOC'! :rH & = = O ! " T3 © 1 13 S 1 tx. 1 ! . i H M: .H ' (x^| BJ | ^ " *" oJ. H^C. « 'D T3 C ! ^ G c ^H ft.B| ^ a< i . : ptf ' • u. "- ofe Z f< « O : CO :j S u i i !• { 1 jrHCVlcJ^ l i l l I t + * 4T . m X I Z 03 Jgw . ! • (D g *J H-t S o <D +J O °!riuJ rH CM Mfjl <D C «: ! •a BI 3 - ' IK r t"1 ' ' ! C "c o i to e-< eg ' ' rH^ u> E 5 fe o o * > y ' 83-|dB • ^r & a <D J3 1 t ' M 1 M ' e . (fi W £3 C = . : ' m «o >3 «8 TJ tj —• • C ! - '—•'*«' OJ aO % j o O "*fl tC 1 !«* !pC ' : • ^ ' * ^ " C O ^ t-~3 T: «* ! > O -H -H '«* CJ H 1 J* Vj b. .'j I I il I I t I I I I «n. ! Z r tOr^-KtxD. OSf-" | I ^ T c C ! 0) Ik. M C _ : ** ID. a eie ' f i . »H cu --1 rHi a>| r.

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We wish to acknowledge and to express our appreciation to the Grinnell Company.Section Eleven TECHNICAL INFORMATION As we stated in the Preface of this book. the amount of materials needed for insulation. this section has been held to a minimum and includes only information that we feel will benefit the estimator in the preparation of his estimate. Included in this section are tables showing the circumferences of pipes for welding purposes.. fittings and valves and methods of hanging and supporting pipe and fittings. of Providence. 217 . Inc. Rhode Island. Therefore. who has so graciously allowed us to reproduce the following tables. the weights of pipe. its intention is solely for the estimation of labor and is not intended for the design of piping.

40 65.61 8 - 26.97 66._ - 4.31 70.34 33.. _..90 -- 17.81 5.56 35.88 72.19 66.27 28.29 60.62 .68 28. - .78 88.92 59. .34 46.82 16 51.94 14 45.99 33.47 -- - 7.84 52.77 40.97 .73 47.23 52.94 46.56 67.44 -- 1. ..31 - 15.71 37.71 5.23 42.02 4300 43..02 86.62 53.83 10 .25 .48 12 -- 39.. 18.81 65.26 73.70 38.82 55..54 79.38 2 3 4 „ 5 -- 6 - -- -- 20.218 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION CIRCUMFERENCE OF PIPE IN INCHES Nominal Pipe Size 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 Schedule Numbers 10 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 - .56 - 22.85 51. .93 36.64 30.12 58.65 .25 41.23 30.87 27. - 3.74 57.84 52..27 39.31 -- 12.14 35. .87 50.20 24 76.19 65.98 44.71 34.27 5.71 48.06 „ 14.35 90..71 81.93 69.12 -- 22.16 27.83 75.. - 8.13 5.97 77.17 -- 14.74 20 64.. 32.70 26.05 85.06 „ 18.09 61.27 18 58.36 67.41 53.75 78.55 45.33 .44 .69 49.44 63.26 62.48 83.86 29..64 21.0. .77 45.85 -- 19.56 56..98 4.50 6.68 - 15. 4.78 -- 11...29 60. ..51 59. 7..

81 113.96 56.97 72.50 2.39 92.56 40.39 103.96 94.00 1.750 1.99 25.69 54.70 29.70 29.83 69.25 3.00 5.67 92.25 100.41 48.68 98.75 5.12 64.85 21.42 23.27 56.24 111.81 95.11 86.10 .500 .11 15.68 87.56 26.83 69.40 70.42 23.83 69.85 36.27 56.96 23.83 80.50 4.50 3.82 20.39 21.98 61.13 28.67 109.85 3299 39.55 62.96 94.56 40.40 7069 7697 83.00 3.26 67.00 425 47.2fi 8954 9582 102.99 25.25 12.75 6.55 62.83 80.26 67.25 5.25 89.11 48.82 53.85 36.4C 81.26 67.99 28.39 92.96 98.69 76.56 29.00 2.70 43.84 58.68 17.54 73.27 34.70 43.25 1.69 76.27 31.54 84.70 32.12 64.11 86.24 94.39 54.96 105.75 3.69 76.68 87.14 17.12 75.27 45.13 42.11 97.54 84.85 21.54 95.84 58.54 14.40 70.68 50.12 75.28 20.27 56.41 48.10 108.71 18.56 26.83 80.75 2.53 100.53 58.25 100.13 28.97 83.11 97.40 81.98 61.55 51.40 81.42 23.26 78.54 73.37 83.54 2.85 21.69 65.12 53.82 102.12 64.28 20.42 37.96 105.25 18.39 97.84 47.69 65.25 51.55 62.69 65.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 219 CIRCUMFERENCES OF HEAVY WALL PIPE FOR COMPUTING WELDING MATERIAL CIRCUMFERENCE OF PIPE IN INCHES Nominal Size 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 20 22 24 Wall Thickness in Inches .41 59.83 69.26 78.53 106.97 72.82 91.40 70.98 61.26 78.12 64.69 54.41 59.71 18.84 47.50 5.98 50.41 59.10 4.97 72.54 73.84 58.27 34.13 31.69 54.99 39.97 83.53 106.25 89.12 53.99 25.40 81.39 103.75 4.55 51.27 45.83 80.12 53.13 42.82 91.56 26.12 75.97 72.68 87.57 15.54 84.68 98.98 61.50 1.55 62.41 59.42 37.98 50.26 67.26 78.00 91.54 73.69 65.11 86.12 75.

24 111.51 174.51 161.96 105.67 109.75 2.38 136.81 98.81 113.00 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 54 60 84.95 127.24 122.00 95.59 146.38 125.09 130.15 172.38 136.23 4.500 .24 122.95 127.37 147.67 120.38 125.17 115.36 182.82 84.82 102.67 109.75 6.37 147.23 144.80 109.96 116.50 196.81 124.00 5.23 155.24 122.39 114.10 119.92 92.81 124.25 4.81 113.87 153.52 128.94 149.75 3.66 142.64 199.09 141.95 138.24 122.53 117.24 111.24 122.67 109.52 139.66 142.08 152.95 127.81 135.74 128.95 138.52 128.24 111.21 201.66 142.53 117.66 131.95 138.80 146.10 119.81 135.52 139.53 117.82 102.52 128.10 108.23 155.07 197.67 120.49 94.38 136.51 150.95 138.23 133.39 92.09 141.39 114.81 124.52 139.23 133.38 125.53 117.02 134.25 3.11 97.10 1 19.53 117.75 5.39 103.66 131.79 191.80 146.39 114.66 106.52 103.50 2.39 103.80 157.23 133.09 130.94 160.10 108.81 113.53 106.21 87.09 130.51 150.22 179.06 2.66 131.09 105.66 153.52 128.50 3.94 172.23 144.66 131.68 98.66 117.96 105.D.25 5.00 1.66 153.94 113.09 141.96 116.81 124.39 103.10 119.94 138.93 194.96 116.94 149.00 190.96 94.09 141.52 128.66 142.08 175.80 26 28 30 32 34 36 1 1 26 28 30 32 34 36 .80 157.82 91.66 131.81 135.94 149.25 100.36 193.53 106.89 109.53 106.00 108.38 136.81 135.375 .23 133.81 135.45 121.37 147.81 124.96 105.08 163.32 96.51 114.30 140.52 128.25 2.11 97.50 4.81 113.00 3.23 97.64 131.08 116.35 91.220 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION CIRCUMFERENCES OF LARGE O.09 130.54 95.65 177.67 120.68 98.81 124.96 116.23 144.09 130.60 102.95 127.25 1.51 150.38 100.10 108.38 125.67 120.67 109.79 180.37 111.50 1.04 90.10 119.36 158.64 86.75 4.95 102.39 114.38 125.23 119.38 125.09 130.750 1. PIPE FOR COMPUTING WELDING MATERIAL CIRCUMFERENCE OF PIPE IN INCHES WALL THICKNESS IN INCHES Nominal Pipe Size .23 144.96 116.24 122.78 89.95 127.24 111.50 5.38 136.67 120.25 100.

.M. and is approximately correct for other reductions. Pipe should be measured from the face of the Mange All Flanged Fitting weights include the proportional weight of bolts or studs required to make up all joints. such weights should be used.5% -3.Tube Wall Thickness.. A-280 12" and under +6.A-33 A.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 221 WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS The weight per foot of steel pipe is subject to the following tolerances: (Weight of Contents of a Tube = 0 X 0.outside diameter in inches F = relative weight factor The weight of tube furnished in this piping data is based on low carbon steel weighing 0. -3. To find the approximate weight of Reducing Flanged Fittings.M.S. and use the weight for the nearest tabulated thickness.wall thickness in inches D -.M.93 Wrought Iron = 0. add the weight of two Slip-On Flanges of the same size and series to the weight of the corresponding Welding End Valves.2833 pounds per cubic inch. The weight of Welding Reducers is for one size reduction. The listed thicknesses of combination covering is the sum of the inner and the outer layer thickness. bands. Weights of valves of the same type may vary because of individual Manufacturer's design. multiply the weight.5%. The weight of reducing fittings is approximately the same as for full size fittings.91 Copper = 1.T. Pipe Covering temperature ranges are intended as a guide only and do not constitute a recommendation for specific thickness of material. subtract the weight of a full size Slip-On Flange and add the weight of reduced size Slip-On Flange. Pipe Covering thicknesses and weights indicate average conditions and include all allowance for wire. . Valves. To obtain the approximate weight of Flanged End Steel Valves.3405 X (/) .S.35 Brass =1.44 Ferritic Stainless Steel = 0. add them.5% A.5% API 5L AH sizes +6. or Flanges. These pa^es reproduced through the courtesy of Gritmell Co.14 Lead = 1.5%. A-120 /> = Tube Outside Diameter.98 The weight of Welding Tees and Laterals is for full size fittings. inches STD WT + 5%.S. Lap Joint Flange weights include the weight of the lap.M. canvas. A-206 A. . A-158 A. factor (light faced sub script) by the weight per foot of covering used on straight pipe.T.S. -5% -3. All Flange weights include the proportional weight of bolts or studs required to make up ail joints.5%.IT)'2 pounds per foot) G — Specific Gravity of Contents TOLERANCE SPECIFICATION T .95 Austenitic Stainless Steel = 1. Listed valve weights are approximate only.M. Relative Weight Factor F of various metals Aluminum = 0. When it is possible to obtain specific weights from the Manufacturer.T.6802 X 7' X (D . over 12" +10%. -3.T. and paint.5% XXSWT +10%.T.12 Cast iron =0. -10% A.S. When specific inner and outer layer thicknesses are known.02 Steel =1. Welding Neck Flange weights are compinsated to allow for the weight of pipe displaced by th( flange. SCH 140-160 +10%. A-106 SCH 10-120 +6. cement.T) pounds foot T -. To find the weight of covering on Fittings. inches A.T.S.M.5% XS WT + 5%. . Inc.5% Weight of Tube = F X 10.00 Tin = 0.

5 1.2 3 .250 2.5 1.5 2.3 .3 .2 Cap .7 Thickness In 1 1 1 1 Calcium 1 ?4 j 2 IM .5 1.5 4 5 12 15 1.5 1.68 .2 .Thickness In 2 2 Lbs 'Ft 37 ^ lion 3.4 1.5 4 2. canvas.7 31 0.4 . .2 . \ gives.i^_ t .R.5 1.1 Steel Cast Iron Pressure Rating 125 250 150 400 600 psi 300 1500 2500 900 Strewed or 2. add the w Jight of water to the weight of steel pipe The pipe covering thicknesses and weights indicate the averagf conditions per linear foot an d include all allowances for wir B| cement.75 .6 .2 Tee 11 5.17 31 .5 1.3 4 (Reducer 3 .358 i 4 1 1 ' t J : t ! ' 1 .27 1 27 1.75 Kihcate I bs I.6 20 5._ .R.37 .8 45° Klhow 5 3. .6 39 5.9 Pressure Sc al Bonnet— Globe 3 'One Complete Flanged Joint 1 2 i 2 2 6 6 900-1000 j 2 3.5 1.8 .7 67 4.3 80 160 xxs xs 1 — 1 .5 1.84 23 366 12 L. Wall Designation Thickness— In.2 .4 Tee .3 __ Flanged Bonnet Globe or Angle i .5 2.27 1 1 94 . 4- LI _ i __! . 45" Klbow .1 4 1.3 .5 1.4 . .3 . or Flii ges. Pipe— Lbe/Ft Water— Lbs/ Ft 40 Std.5 4 5 25 5 12 15 Blind 1.4 .3 .2 . Flanged \alvea nd Flange w eights i ru ] ude the pro portioiia! weight of holts or stud s required to make up all joints **Cast Iron Valve »eight«i are fo • flanged valves Steel \ alve weights are for welding end valves.5 4 5 12 15 Lap Joint 1.2 .7 28 3.6 L R 90° Klbow S 3.3 .75 1.2 .5 1. 1 1 Flanged Bonnet Check Pressure Seal Bonnet -Gate 31 1.2 4 .5 1.R. .9 .5 1.4 ! 1 Flanged Bonnet Gate i o 15 3. 1 aWral Temperature Range 'F to 260° 1 00-360 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 Thickness In 2 I's-it H H 1H — —Z Magnesia Lbs/ Ft 65 1 45 2 25 .5 1.179 2.3 I 8. .3 4 .4 . 90° Klbow 2 .7 2 1 94 ~1 SEE GENERAL NOTES F OR MATERIALS NOT SHOWTV All »weights are shown in tvjid type The weight oi steel pn>e »a per bnf ar foot For Boiler Feed Piping.5 1.133 1.4 .4 26 3.8 14 3.5 1.5 1.222 s o Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION Schedule No. 90° Elbow .5 1.5 Shp-On 1.3 4.75 .5 15 2. b^in is and p iint The hited thiikness of combination covenriR >s the su •a of the inner anrt the outer Ittyer thickness Pipe covering temiieratuw ranges are intended as a guide only t nd do not constitute a reco mmendation for spt-< me ss of materials To ft nd the weight of covering on Flanged Fittings.5 1. multiply tht weight factor (lightface subscript l by the we ght per foot of covering u>>ed or straight pipe •All Flanged Fitting.5 FLANGES m n a 1& 8 R 90° Klbow 6 3.8 7 11 Welding Neck 1.2 L.5 1.65 220 _____ 2 (Jombma.

. canvas.8 .77 46 XX8 .5 3. VaKes.5 All weights are shown in bold 5.3 S.9 S.3 Cap Temperature Range °F to 260" 3•60-360 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 900-1000 ! 2 ( Thickness — In 8S% 1'i l's/w H X 1 60 245 2 25 .__! ~ [ ! 4.5 1. cemen t.Thickness—In.8 . Wall Designation Thickness— In.5 3.4 .4 5. 5 7 7 13 23 35 3.4 1.ion for specific thickness of materials.R.5 6 .5 1.80 .4 .2 5 . Pipe—Lbs/Ft Water—Lbs/ Ft lj> Tee Lateral Reducer .5 Lap Joint 1..5 1.5 weight of steel P'P*1 .R.9 .5 . 34 95 Flanged Bonnet To find the weight of cover3.1 Q won Lbs/ Ft 1 1 1 2 1 2 Calcium Thickness— In . mu tiply the weight Flanged Bonnet factor (lightfai » subscript) by Globe or Angle the weight per foot of covering H used on straigh tpipe.5 Slip-On 1.5 1.3 80 160 xs .6 .5 1.9 3. 21 Flanged Bonn<.7 6. Pressure Seal **C»st Iron Valve weights Bonnet—Globe are for flanged valves.5 5 23 Screwed or 5 2.2 1 I i .3 .4 45° Elbow 3.5 1. l'-j 2}i 14 1. T ie listed thick13 10 ness of combin ition covering is L.1 joints.50 400 I 600 psi 125 250 FOR MA TERIALS NOT SSHOWN 7 13 3. or Flanges.68 Lbs/Ft Steel Cast Iron Pressure Rating SEE GENE RAL NOTES 900 1500 2500 300 1. 1 2 1 2 2 6 9 Flanged Joint g&e£sa *68Lm Jr^-llnA ii J/? 1 Q f<3 KC i .8 1.87 .7 3.5 The pipe covering thicki^B^|i-Sj( ji Blind 1. 90' Elbow 3.9 .5 1.8 4.5 1.2 .R.4 . For Boiler F eed Piping. 41 4.2 1. 45° Klbow .4 Gate ing on Flanged Fittings.3 .t •All Flanefd Fitting.5 1.2 1. 90° Elbow 3.3 1. Steel Valve weights are for welding 3 "One Complete end valves.2 16 .7 3. add 7 13 22 5 35 the weight ol water to the 1.3 . bands and paint.00 .5 1.5 . 90° Elbow .68 Silicate .5 1.21 27 L.3 .5 1.5 2.2 6 .5 The weight of steei pipe is 1. 90" Elbow .9 the sum of th a inner and the 31 16 7 15 outer layer thic kness.5 1.3 . Flanged 4 Check Valve and Flan| e weights include 38 38 the proportion) 1 weight of bolts Pressure Seal or studs requireid to make up all Bonnet—Gate 1.6 3.3 Pipe coveri ng temperature ranges are tntended as a guide 49 28 23 13 only and do not constitute 5.140 227 .2 8 .6 .5 1.8 for wire.5 1.80 z Magnesia Lbs/Ft 2 2 2 2 8 Combina.1 4.5 .Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 223 WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—1%" PIPE SIZE 1 40 Std.56 .R.382 5.65 .6 T«e a recommenda . 12 7 23 33 6.191 3.250 3.19 2.5 type.2 .3 .2 L.2 Schedule No.87 1.2 .5 1.68 .5 Welding Neck 1.5 per linear foot. 3.5 nesses and wei{ hts indicate the average condit ions per linear g 33 17 18 foot and indue « all allowances 3.68 68 1 19 1.2 .4 .1 4.5 1.5 1.R.9 5.

3 .5 .4 .2 4.88 1. The listed thick12 24 13 ness o ' combination covering is 4 L.2 ___1 zj j j | 1_±_ ~ ~j" j 1 . . Valves.5 3.7 .5 nesses and weights indicate the averag e conditions per linear 10 12 26 23 46 foot a nd include all allowance* 3. J-j 2 H 1'% o 85% .200 3..9 .3 .5 type.88 Silicate Lbs/Ft .3 .85 Z Magnesia Lbs/Ft 1. 9 11 4 17 32 The weight of steel pipe is Welding Neck 1. Steel Valve weights are for welding *One Complete end va Ives.41 .7 .3 Tempera1 ure Range *F to 200° iJ60-360 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 900-1000 f 1 Thickness—In.7 .3 .5 per linear foot.5 jght per foot of covering used on straight pipe. 'multiply the weight Flanged Bonnet 40 46 111 factor (lightface subscript) by Globe or Angle 4.2 4.2 .145 2.2 1. 45° Elbow 3.1 4.2 . 46° Elbow j Lateral 160 40 Std.2 4.6 4. 90° Elbow la . 1 1 1 2 2U 2H 1H Ui .5 1. Pressure Seal **C ast Iron Valve weight* Bonnet—Globe are fc r flanged valves.7 Pip* covering temperature are intended as a guide 17 20 30 37 70 only and do not constitute 5.5 1 3.Thickness.5 1.6 .5 1.281 4. 90° Klbow 3.5 uid Flange weights include Pressure Seal 42 42 the pr nportional weight of bolt* Bonnet—Gate 1. add 9 g 3. Pipe— Lb»/Ft Water—Lbi/Ft L.77 .7 5.4S .4 1. 2 2 2 2 Lbs/Ft £3 tion 4.88 2.5 1.-In.9 1. 90° Klbow 4 4 m of the inner and the 9 11 21 23 39 outer ayer thickness.7 .75 2.85 .5 ing on Flanged Fittings. 30° Klbow 8. 1 Flanged Joint 2.R.2 or stut a required to make up all jointa.4 .5 1.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—1V2" PIPE SIZE 1 & Schedule No. or Flu nges. 7 3.5 1.5 9 t2 Cap m H FLANGED FITTINGS OONVU fO K) f i 1 .I .5 1.5 weigh of steel pipe.8 6 a recc mmendation for specific ess of materials.5 Blip-On 1.2 1 Calcium Thickness.8 4.1 .4 3.6 3.6 5.2 4.5 9 3. Flanged Bonnet 32 33 81 •All Flanged Fitting.4 35 3.2 L.65 2.7 3. Flanged Check 4.-In.6 3.7 .1 42 4.400 6.63 .72 .R.82 263 Cast Iron Steel Pressure Rating SEE GENERAL NOTES p« 150 250 125 400 600 900 1500 2500 300 FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN Screwed or 9 19 8 3.8 .8 4 re.R.41 .88 1. Flanged Bonnet 27 51 71 114 To ind the weight of coverGate 4 6.5 1.4 I. cement.8 1.5 1.63 .5 1.5 19 31 the w eight of water to the Lap Joint 1.8 .6 Tee 6.5 31 All weights are shown in hold 1.2 4.5 10 19 31 The pipe covering thickBlind 1.8 .2 !a Reducer 80 xs .7 S.61 XX8 .3 .7 .86 .5 1. Wall Designation Thickness— In.R.5 3.2 5.88 - | _ .5 1.5 1.4 6 .5 1.5 1.5 1. bands and r >aint.R.9 3. canvas.5 1.2 .45 u Combina.5 1.45 1.4 1.5 7 3.5 1.3 Tee 2 6 .3 1. For Boiler Feed Piping.

44 1 28 97 .I n .4 or studs squired to make tp all 2.8 27 4. 45" F. 5 .|_Tr.5 S.1 i joints 135 **C'ast Iron Valvr weights 2.6 '-> 1 8 .- -I 1 ti 1 [ 1 ~ ._l .i<m Lbs/Ft 1 1 1 C'aleium ^Thickness— In.'onibma.1l S.9 i sj Flanged Bonnet Globe or Angle 30 64 7.2 3.225 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—2" PIPE SIZE Schedule No.3 L.5 .6 Uteral Reducer li12 16 .1 ! 3.2 ''a! L ~ P 1 1.4 .4 1 4.5 1 5 weight o steel pipe ——*•49 10 31 The pipe mvenng thjik1.4 Tee 23 5.5 For B »iler Feed I tpmg.4 V^tot** Cap : Temperature Range 'F |to 2(iO° 2BO-300 1 3 W-440 Thickness .3 9 .7 1.4 ! 4. or Flang •^.3 27 4 /> »s£ Pressure Seal Bonnet—Gate I Pressure Seal Bonnet --Globe 5 ^ 1 'One Complete Flanged Joint 4 1.9 .f.-•.5 11 .5 L .1 22 4. W Elbow Tee .01 Lhs/i''t I 1.4 i 1 - 1- .ht of water to the 1.1 mg on F anged F«ttirig<! \ then.1 t hi sum of the inner and the 73 24 out. I 01 1.8 \ a l v e a m ^ Ltnge wi l(i.5 16 3.R.8 18 1.ht^ inrlude 75 the propcirtionul weight of holts 75 1.3 13 .5 1.8 4 I 4.5 1. r lay er tht< knehs 3.5 1.3 a rei om nendation fur specific thickness of materials 154 83 [ 65 To fin J the weight of (over| 4.50 1 69 3 38 j 3 38 Steel SEE GENERAL NOTES 1500 I 2500 400 600 900 300 FO R MATERIALS 'VOT SHOWN 9 48 11 All we ghta are ihown in bold 1.5 1 '. i 2'!-4 23-«.ti 5.8 24 19 3.25 j 2. '»" Elbow X l**^*.05 SE Mrtgnrsia Lhs/Ft g (.8 1. 90° Klbow 1 .3 42 Flanged Bonnet Check 26 7 51 7. [ 5.8 1 4.2 I 2 1 i }-i l'-i 2 2 1.25 1.3 .2 .5 1. 3' t t 35.5 1.5 1.7 6 6.3 l .3 the weig it per foot of i o \ > ring used on s tralght pipe 59 47 | 106 •All F tinged Fitting Hinged 4. bands ind pal it The listed thick31 ombttutrion covering is 4..I - 6. 1.50 2.R.5 type ^ 48" 13 10 The « eight of stetl pipe is 1.5 P.7 . 40 Wall Designation std Thickness— Tn .5 Blind 1.r> _ i j .5 21 s 5 ' _i_ .2 1. 90" Elbow 16 3.8 7.'i _3:_!_i_l: _Ll L i*. multiph the weight 58 157 78 factor (1 giitface lubsiript 1 !>y 4.5 i 1.5 6 10 4.3 4.pe covering temperature 337 I range-.i 1 440-525 526-KOO rtOO-700 700-800 800-900(900-1000 1 2 2-^2 "~3~i!T~" 3 40 .5 i^sisS 0 / .5 _ per hnea r foot L J 1.irk!ies«~In.5 1.R.lbow Z 29 . ] l'.9 3.02 7.4 .2 for wire. "•ights are for welding end valvt38.01 Silicate Cast Iron Pressure Rating 125 250 J 150 6 6 1 M 1.8 5.5 d weights uulieate the ! a v erage conditions {tor linear 29 35 83 foot and include all allowances 3.55 2 .4 45" Elbow 14 3.H.5 " " '" 6 Lap Joint 1.4 1 9.7 ti '.3 1 12 . ^ • •. add 32 48 the weif .5 1.1 43 3. a a z fc i /:! L.1 are for flanged vaKee Steel Valve v.77 WJ^J 3 J^\ *5 . § t.9 52 7.7 i£ 5 KlQ Flanged Bonnet Gate ' 37 6.a e intended as a guide 41 129 52 i do not constitute 5. 12. . H . 1 54 Pipe—Lbs/Ft j ? 65 1 46 Water--Lb*/n H £ 0 ~~v 80 j 160 1 \'S \XS 218 343 9 03 5.69 2.1 22 3. cement canvas.5 1 Slip-On ° " " 6 Welding Neck 1.

5 1.6 .15 1.4 25 A 1.4 32 4.1 43 7 1 87 7.5 1.22 | 3..23 i 1_ L - _.5 1. Flanged Valve and Flange weights include the proportional weight of boite or studs required to make up ai joints.9 .6 8.30 p Conibina.8 9. 15 6 1.7 61 5.70 1.5 1.8 . 2 2 Hi 2 t~2H '' +__ 1.8 7.6 6.4 1.3 2.35 Z Magnesia Lbs Ft 3.8 KO Hanged Bonnet Gate 50 7 I landed Bonnet Globe or Angle Hanged Bonnet < he<!< AH** -Hf W *i°A L R 90° Elbow 25 42 0 '"MtO NO » LM 42 3. Valves or Flanges.2 30 4. canvas.6 46 3.5 Bhnd 1.»l Bonnet ( ! il* •One Complete i J Unged Joint _ 4.5 .3 2.Thicknoss -In 2% 2% 3% 6.3 2.1 68 4.0 2 2% IHi \Yt z 1.79 208 .5 1.226 Section Eleven—-TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS. ! f 1 ! 1 _.5 Lbvft § tion Thickm-sh— In 1 1 1 Call mm.6 4. ark the weight of water to the weight of steel pipe The pipe covering thicknesses and weights indicate th« a\erage conditions per lineal foot and include all allowances for wire.34 3.ate r Pressure Sf.R.90° Elbow 2.75 3.15 1.1 40 4.2 8 64 . multiply thf wt'ighl factor (lightface subscript) bj the weight per foot of covering used on straight pipe * \11 Flanged Ftttme.6 242 5.6 S.3 3..22 Lbs/ Ft 1.5 67 9 18 46 14 1.9 .40 2.5 15 1.5 59 20 9 42 14 1.53 Silicate Steel fast Iron Pressure Rating 600 900 1500 2500 250 300 150 400 psi 125 9 68 14 17 46 Screwed or 14 8 1.4 98 4.15 1.8 99 39 42 5.3 3. 1 i 900-1000 m 35 3.1 .2l/2" PIPE SIZE H fc £ 80 160 S< hedule No.9 ..3 i 100 1.9 n&Q s 50 4.35 1.2 45° Klbow 19 3.3 .4 xs xxs le£) Vis 8 L—P Cap r —\.5 Slip-On 1.203 5. . .1 108 4.7 55 5.07 L R .1 .5 15 1.9 . i j j 21 3.8 Lateral 11 1.5 1 ap Joint 69 19 9 45 15 16 8 1. 45° Elbow 5.1 Hft>^t\ FLANGED FITTINGS FLANGES m 27 3.01 1 54 .R. 1 . fneei Valve weight* are for welding end valves.552 13.1 36 71 71 7.53 2.7 .9 77 (i. cement.5 j 7 *j " f j t f i to 260° 260-360 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 Temperature Range °F Thickness —In ot> .6 221 5.1 84 4.5 Reducer 16 .6 6.4 2.6 22 3.7 .9 . *' 27 1 T m 8.2 47 4.3 21 .5 L.5 1. bauda and paint The listed thickness of combination cohering it the sum of the inner and the outer laver thickness Fipe covering temperature ranges are intended as a guid« onl> and do not constitute a recommenddtiun for speufir thickness of materials To find the weight of covering on Flanged Fitting.3 S R 90° Elbow i > 1 Q Tee ' [.3 8 4 1 .4 2 .84 .4 68 4.4 .5 1. SEE GENERAL NOTES FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN All weights are shown in bok type The weight of ate* 1 pipe u> per linear foot For Boiler Feed Piping.66 1.375 10..8 1'ressure Sea! Bonnet < .4 50 4.5 3 4.5 1.1 -~ri I ! 1 I [ I T .7 180 2.5 Welding Ne<k 1.276 7.5 36 39 .5 1.4 106 2.5 Tee 32 5.2 169 6.5 34 3.5 14.5 1.6 3.8 1 * . "Cast Iron Valve weights are for flanged valves. 90° Elbow 1.5 1.*.5 1.6 175 5.5 1. Wall OfMgnation Ihxkness In Pipe LWH Water Lbs Ft 40 Std.6 82 ~1 53 4 83 4.

5 .5 1.5 t.5 5 3.8 .R.216 7.kI 5 1.6 3.5 3. 90" Elbow 4 3. Valves.5 per In ear foot.6 4.5 7.5 Bonnet-—C lobe are f< T flanged valves.8 10.5 1.3 32 .a required to make up ai! 2. 90° Elbow 4.86 437 1432 2 35 46 . The listed thick40 30 50 63 ' combination covering is 4.7 L .6 42 7.8 .20 .3 5. band* .6 4.3 4.5 1.4 .3 4.6 4.9 5.5 Weigh of ->teel pipe.2 a rect mmendation for specific thickr ess of materials. canvas.5 2.6 4.4 4.5 80 xs XX s iiOO 18.3 4. 66 77 119 112 225 338 Flanged Bonnet 153 To ind the weight of cover4 4.Thickness— In. cement.58 3.4 7.300 10. Flanged 7. Steel weights are for nclJmg Valve 8 *One Complete end va Ivea. R . 1. For Boiler Peed Piping.9 4.5 1. Wall Designation Thickness—-In.3 Check Valve ind Flange weights include 140 the pr oportional weight of bolts 140 Pressure Seal or stu< '.3 29 .Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 227 WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—3" PIPE SIZE s £ LL) U»0 Schedule No.3 the si m of the inner and the 41 22 28 46 93 outer ayer thickness.8 Lateral 17 1.9 4.8 61 .5 1. 90" Klbow S.5 nesses and weights indicate the averae e conditions per linear 46 26 32 53 98 67 <ti x-f 150 foot a nil include all allowances Q / j! S.5 1 5 1. Pipe— Lbs/Ft Water— Lbs/Ft 40 Std.8 12 2 .2 4.5 Bonnet —Gate joints.3 Gate 4.8 14.4 .80 -1 I - _ _ | _- — [ T«?mp«rat ure Range "F to 260° 260-360 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-90C 90O-IOOO] 1 85% 2 Thickness— In 1!^ Ufts l'i 25*2 -I Z Magnesia Lbs/Ft 1 265 3.9 Pipt covering temperature 4 45" Elbow 3.2 .5 1.5 3.5 L.5 1.5 Blind 1.5 6 1.uide 39 67 52 81 151 238 ^102 only and do not constitute 6 5.5 type 10 101 24 35 17 54 The weight of steel pipe is Welding Neck 1.8 9. 90° Elbow 3 .2 5.9 4.95 425 1. 3% 3Ks 3!4 3% g tion 10 7 83 107 8.28 1 28 Cas>t Iruif Steel Pressure Rating SE E GENERAL NOTES p&i 250 300 125 150 600 1500 2500 900 400 FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN 9 Screw ed or 10 17 101 38 61 20 All weights are shown m bold 1.9 5.4 . 135 60 3.7 . 45° Klbow 2.58 1.5 4 .4 .3 Globe or Angle the w( ight per foot of covering used on straight pipe. 19 11 10 20 39 24 61 104 The pipe covering thic.5 2.8 ing on Flanged Fittings.3 Tee 7.5 Slip-On 1 5 1.8 7.8 ranges are intended as a j.5 1.5 Lap Joint 1.5 6.3 Cap 1.25 2.5 1.5 1.7 .9 Tee 6.3 4.8 24 1.09 1 28 209 298 398 398 5 11 Lbs/Ft 1.4 .3 3. ! ' FLANGES ! wQ !o NO i r:z: ~ . 91 100 46 101 146 51 Flanged Bonnet 233 *A11 Flanged Fitting. add 10 17 100 21 38 62 the M •eight of water to the 1.9 6 6.R.8 8.8 5.2 4.5 25 8 Flanged Joint.5 1.5 1 5 1.55 1 55 p Combina.3 Lbs/Ft 1 Calcium 1 2 2'u 3 2>'S Thickness— In. .4 .7 .5 1. or Fla nges.1 for wi re.8 Reducer 2.9 4 3.5 1.3 43 L.5 1.5 3.5 12.R. I 1 Ha 1H Silicate 2. 160 260 Pressure Seal **(" ast Iron Valve weights 2.uid iMint. multiply the weight 121 80 56 102 341 132 242 Flanged Bonnet factor (lightface subscript} by 7.5 1.R.6 3.

3 1y I aterul 22 1.5 1.6 1i i .28 xs xxs .06 Silicate 4. 71 125 54 123 Flanged Bonnet •All Flanged Fitting.in.11 4.3 2. 2 2J4 Thickness In. t -i J f i .1 4.4 I R 90 Elbow the sum of the inner and the aM *s 39 51 31 75 outer layer thickness 7%^ a / > 3.1 .7 3. bands and paint.7 7.75 4.8 Redtu <-r 31 3 <'ap 21 6 - i 5.3V2" PIPE SIZE 1 <fl CJ t.3 4. Valves or Flanges. tlon 7.4 4.5 12.70 i .06 Lbi.2 6 Tee a recommendation for spei-ifu thickness of materials.9 3.t-' Schedule No Wall IV-.9 s R «»0 i Ibow 43 .86 2.9 .90 2 Magnesia Lbs/ Ft J . Ft .5 1.9 5.75 1. Stee Valve weights are for welding *( )ne Complete end valves.3 1 R 45' 1 Ibow Fee 3. 'H -i t 1 3 1 3 1 | Thicknejss.5 Welding Neck per linear foot.3 for wire.5 nesses and weights indicate the average conditions per linear 49 56 82 35 3:5 /d] foot arid include all allowances 4 S R 90° rClbow 4.7 .9 Check Valve arid Flange weights inrinde w •L~~' ""fi i Pressure Seal the proportional weight of bolts l^^~4& / FSonnet 4 fate or studs required to make up al joints. l!^j 85% 15£ 425 4. •" . multiply the weight 137 99 Flanged Bonnet 160 74 factor (lightface subscript) bv 7.85 .5 Blind 1.86 1.9 Gate 4. 2% 2'»f6 *« 1 1 1 .9 Globe or Angle 4.8 7.4 7. Flangw 7.5 . canvas.4 .5 1.318 12.88 1. Pressure Sea! "Cast Iron Valve weights Bonnet —Globe are for flanged valves.5 1.6 Pipe covering temperature 5 «e4 45 Elbow ranges are intended as a guide 86 54 70 133 only and do not constitute 6 6.5 Lap Joint 1 weight of steel pipe.88f "1""" Steel Cast Iron Pressure Rating SEE GENERAL NOTES 250 150 1500 j 2500 300 400 600 125 900 pai FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN 21 13 27 13 Screwed or All weights are shown in bok 1.5 65 3.4 .t>36 22.65 1.3 4. 15 35 23 14 The pipe covering thick1.8 .6 44 .6 t) 20 9 4.Ft 1.1 ing on Flanged Fittings.9 15.3 4.5 1.53 1 R <WJ 1-lbott 6. cement.6 6. In Pipe— I bs Ft Water -Lbs Ft 40 80 Std.6 8.5 7. I1 j-i ji i.4 4.ANGES V- i ! i KD m~ i .85 2. 3. adt 14 28 the weight of water to the 1.8 102 Lbb.5 1.5 Slip-On 12 28 The weight of steel pipe is 1.226 9. _ J . . T 1 1 i ! ] i } Temperature Range °F to 260* J60-360 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 [900-1000 .4 6.ignation Thi< kru'st. 1 Calcium l?/ 2 2 2 2A 1H 3.3 the weight per foot of covering used on straight pipe. 143 82 88 201 Flanged Bonnet To find the weight of cover7.70 2.51 3. .6 3.1 4 4.228 Section Eleven-^TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS.7 7. The listed thick 40 54 62 ness of combination covering ia 4.8 .75 2.Thickness In. For Boiler Feed Piping.5 Flange Joint i IH 3 H.5 1. 1 3 2f Combma.

ow L R 4V Kllwm r UraLoJ i Kjb Tee Kedu. i Cast Iron Steel SE E GENERAL NOTES 2500 000 400 1500 (>00 psi 300 250 150 125 1FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN 66 158 94 43 32 26 26 15 Screwed or 16 All weights are shown in bold 1.8 3. 159 81 57 37 26 43 14 " The weight of steel p.6 ti 531 22 51 402 17. .4 7.1 4.7 38 ranges are intended as a guide 386 262 187 153 121 86 70 109 only and do not constitute 6..03 249 2 49 349 603 Silicate 349 462 1 60 Uw Ft 1 60 i . T 260 375 Pressure .5 1.4 4. 90 164 47 66 39 31 29 19 18 The pipe covering thiclc15 15 1.4 10 1 .1 ll'iO \\s d71 27 54 338 11 9 I ft Lateral 1.'heck 5. 237 10 79 5.5 Lap Joint weight of steel pipe. . t 79 .6 1 21 1 5.5 the su ra of the inner and the outer ayer thickness. 344 256 159 180 146 104 Kiait&ud Bonnet SO 146 •All Flanged Fitting. !I i .8 5.7 43 * 126 30 2.7 5.1 5. in i'UM 1 bs r t \\aU-r -I lis/Ft S£ 40 Std.5 1.2 6.3 Cap 2.5 1 5 15 Welding Neck per lin ear foot l For Boiler Feed Piping.5 1* 1. canvas bamto and j amt.5 4.5 7.15 210 * Combma.5 7.7 b 337 1498 4 98 437 1896 4 48 - _ 1 i. „ 5 10 4 75 Magtipsia Ibs/Ft 2.5 ing on Flanged Fittings.3 5 4.3 4. 34 61 12.5 1. The !H>ted thickC /•" is 98 79 52 72 ness o combination covering is 4 T 4.1 7.Schedule No \Vlll I)<»»Kii'itloii H I M knev. add 94 45 ~ 67 33 27 155 16 the » eight of water to the 1.4 4.5 1.6 3 8.4 7.10 3. Steel weights are for welding Valve 'One Complete end vaJve*. or Fla nges.5 25 12 Flanged Joint 6.5 1.51 8.3 6.1 6.4 7.3 a recc mmendation for specific thickn ess of materials.— |1 j1 - FLANGES Ternperat ure Hnuge °F to 260° 5860-3ttO 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 900-1000 21.5 15 15 15 1. 2 Tin.Thw knees— In 39-l8 3s/Ui 3'ii 3' it 12.5 1.4 85* ( IV.5 Khp-On tvpe.5 L R 90° Elbow 45 4.5 1. multiply the weight 546 168 222 383 194 Flanged Bonnet 127 97 177 farter (lightface subscript) by 5.7 L H 00 1" llMm S K 10 I lt.6 T ' " J Jj 1 - .8 Valve ind Flange weights include the pr uportional weight of bolts 235 230 Pressure Sea! or stuc s required to make up all 2.4 (.2 4.5 15 1.7 5.5 15 15 Blind 15 ne&ses and weights mdleat* the average conditions per hnear 254 128 99 85 185 45 72 59 foot a nd inelude all allowances 4.2 7.8 3 Bonnet.3 5 4.8 3 Bonnet.8 6.Globe are fc r flanged valves.-Gate joints.5 1.2 9 8 122 9 8 Lbs. Flanged 5.20 HO \^ i - 45 21 *39 34 .5 15 1.5 I5 1.5 .pe is 1. ct 36 .9 4 8.S 7.2 3 65 6 6. Valves.1 Tee 6. km 88— In l> 8 1>2 af.2 for wt rer cement.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 229 WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS-4" PIPE SIZE . Ft 8 *«>» 3 3 2 Calcium 1 2 2»4 Thickness —In 1 I'/ 1'i 6. 214 78 51 170 82 40 65 O / Tlfe* 4 41 37 16° Elbow Pipe covering temperature 42 39 3.4 16 4 1 23 1 27 1 6.7 4. i . i — .5 4 4 1 r ••VALVES ^ 5 ! •»c . 566 274 378 213 173 114 109 Flanged Bonnet 188 To ind the weipht of rover5.S< al ast Iron Valve weights 2.5 1.2 41 48 41 S R 90° Flbow 4.6 6.3 5 Globe or Angle 5.8 the wt ight per foot of covering used o n straight pine.__:.i L 4 1 i l l ! ] i ! t ~ r.

8 13.3 J 5. 3 1 16.26 10.8 5.. .5 1.1 joints 500 395 "Cast Iron Valve weights 3.6 210 8 141 4.75 3.2 1 1 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 1 800-900 j 900-1000 .2 3.6 .5 8 98 7" sTL-JL .7 .5 1.3 4.7 11 .4 14 2 . Valves. Pipe— Lbs/Ft Water— I. bands and aamt.5 6. 3 2 ''2 I 7. cement.5 4.R. > tkra Lbs/Ft 1 8 Calcium Thickness— In. 45° Klbow Tee Lateral '/TV.1 2.5 1. of steel pipe.9 1 3 .7 34.R.62 32 1.8 5. add 171 257 39 101 75 33 the * 'eight of water to the 1. For Boiler Feed Piping.2 70 2.8 90 145 119 6.5 8.5 1.89 21 1. 90° Elbow 14.6 10.5 1.258 14 62 8 66 80 120 IhO .37 I 6.3 .. 309 257 841 508 386 To find the weight of cover6.7 1.5 19 8 1.5 the w ?ight per foot of covering used o n straight pipe.7 L.5 1.75 Steel SE E GENERAL NOTES 1500 2500 900 400 600 300 FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN 259 100 172 37 32 73 weights are shown in bold All 1.R.40 9 30 6 31 3 4 » i i 5 f *' 4 .5 1.8 Reducer 7. 60 33 12. hs/ Ft £ & 0 Q L.7 15.5 weigh .5 5.375 20 78 7.3 4.60 360-440 Thickness—In.5 nesses and weights indicate the e conditions per linear averaj 43* 268 113 123 205 foot a nd include all allowances 4.3 6.5 1. or Fla nges.5 1.6 247 8 172 4.7 "tod i j I ^ |3 £ i " i t t Flanged Bonnet Gate 138 7.7 .5 58 94 80 S.84 3.2 49 2.2 6.7 4.5 1.1 20.7 12.5 1. 39 104 172 78 50 272 The pipe covering thiek1.5 37 23 23 ^S£p2O Blind 1.7 4.5 1.5 6 .5 26 1.5 per lir ear foot.6 6 6. Flanged 5.3 5.4 3. 4 Pip<s covering temperature ranges are intended as a guide 304 415 179 665 1 172 only and do not constitute 6.5 1.97 12.___ f 43 1.97 5.3 5-8 5 Valve and Flange weights include 378 the pr oportional weight of bolts 350 or stu 4s required to make up all 3.7 51 83 66 45° Elbow 3.5 1.8 3. multiply the weight 658 237 277 274 factor (lightfaoe subscript) by 5 5.8 7.4 7.50 5.5 1.4 Cap 42 .5 1.5 1. canvas. I'-i 85% 2 Hi tj Magnesia Lbs/Ft 2.84 2.5 6 __ t - f | [• i Temperature flange °F to 260° 260-3.84 Cost Iron Pressure Rating psi 125 250 150 Screwed or 20 32 18 gfcta* Slip-On 1.4 11 . 90° Klbow S. C-4—J 40 Std.7 4.9 5.3 43 105 68 91 L.5 1.5 5.75 a Combina.3 9.2 43 4.3 6.5 18 Welding Neck 1.8 . .4 3.Gate Pressure Seal Bonnet Globe 'One Complete Flanged Joint 138 7.4 5.3 xs .8 10 2 .5 1.i 4 25.84 Silicate 1.3 37 1. 239 98 350 180 123 4.60 3.5 145 94 263 70 42 31 'The weight of steel pipe is 1.5 1.5 19.R.5 39 1.2 17.7 the siim of the inner and the outer ayer thickness.1 are f ar flanged valves. The listed thiek128 ness o f combination covering is 4.4 6.8 ing on Flanged Fittings.3 .6 29.1 21 3 2 2 l'/2 3?* _J_ 4'i 8. 90° FJbow 4. 90° Elbow 43 4.500 2704 7 09 »>25 *2 % 6« \\S 750 18 55 5.8 a rec<mimendation for spec-ifie thirkn ess of materials.6 118 7.5 1.8 .K.Thickness— In. 1 I~~TH Lbs/Ft 1.3 264 7. Wall Designation Thickness—In. Steel Valve weights are lot welding end viilve«.5 1.9 151 43 Flanged Bonnet Globe 01 Angle Flanged Bonnet Check Pressure Seal Bonnet.5 19 Lap Joint 1.230 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS 5" PIPE SIZE Schedule No.4 . 531 326 198 249 244 *A1 Flanged Fitting.8 3.5 for wi re.5 1.4 Tee Q i<0 wO a f 0 [ T ~J i __ T .5 1.

2 5.5 1.3 9. .280 18.1 3. Flanged Joint 10 6 40 6 11. 1H 24 3H Ik *H 1H 1« 9.864 53.5 19 30 76 145 w% .5 1.2 5.6 29.R.9 Temperatiire Range °F 85% g Magnesia 5 Combinaft tion Calcium Silicate 120 xs . 95 395 128 iSorewed or 45 54 202 25 22 All weighta are shown in bold Slip-On 1.562 36.97 12.8 3.8 the weight per foot of covering used on straight j)ip«. I T> «">* Q K3 p^O r 0 f^0 K) i i 160 xxs .5 1.4 5.4 60 1.5 1.13 Lbs/Ft Steel Caat Iron Pressure Rating SEE GENERAL NOTES 300 400 600 900 150 1500 2500 125 250 psi FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN .5 1.5 1.40 4.9 29 126 .6 Tee Schedule No.5 1.30 _ L 1 ! i I _ T 1[ j j > A i.5 1.5 1.4 Globe or Angle 4. For Boiler Feed Piping.9 Pipe covering temperature 45" Elbow 4.5 1.40 6.2 Lbs/Ft jj 4 2 2 3 Thiekness—In .5 1.54 4.5 9.5 Welding Neck 1.42 11.3 14.5 Cap 6.2 8.-Hi _4~ .5 6.5 Valve and Flange weights include Pressure Seal 600 540 the proportional weight of bolts Bonnet—Gate or studs required to make up all 3.9 4.3 3.4 18.3 5 for wire: cement.9 4.5 1.2 5.8 joints.2 53 1.8 5.3 8 4.5 per linear foot.5 62 1. 90° Elbow 15.8 4.51 .5 1.5 1.9 17..5 21 . to 260° 260-360 360-44C 440-525 S26-600 600-700 *W-800 800-900 900-100 3 2 Thickness— In. 56 28 51 29 71 417 101 133 197 The pipe covering thickBlind 1.8 7. 90° Elbow 23 1.9 17.5 1.5 S.9 7.54 7.2 1 23 1 L.6 30 .5 » type. 90° Elbow 4.92 3. 90° Elbow 4.2 24. The listed thick126 145 91 182 ness of combination covering is 4.2 13.718 45. 1H Wt 10.6 6.6 6.5 16.5 3. 45° Elbow 11.8 .R. add 24 47 56 98 131 213 393 the weight of water to the Lap Joint 1.15 2.42 7.5 6.3 5 Gate 5.5 .5 1.9 4.8 6.5 1.432 28.9 L.90 Lba/Ft 3 3^ 4 5 6 Thickness—-In .8 6. 22 42 56 85 116 176 402 The weight of ateel pipe is 1.3 4.5 1.57 11.7 .5 1. 115 132 149 66 240 320 476 3.2 32.4 .29 L.6 ranges are intended as a guide 149 195 114 217 279 400 565 839 only and do not constitute Tee 6.4 42 1.6 ing on Flanged Fittings.2 . canvas. 5H 4H 12.3 1.5 34 1. flanged Check 8.K.8 4.R. Pipe—Lbs/Ft Water—Lbs/ Ft FLANGES 1 & § » Z 1 A.5 nesses and weight* indicate the average conditions per linear 147 125 90 184 275 375 74 566 foot and include all allowance* S.8 6 7.8 5.4 6 4.4 68 1.5 8 a recommendation for specific thickness of material*.5 1.47 4. Steel Valve weighis are for welding •One Complete end valves.5 1.0 8.13 3. Flanged Bonnet 154 176 286 272 341 335 459 877 "All Flanged Fitting.7 . multiply the wekht Flanged Bonnet 345 184 238 333 366 465 844 factor (lightface subscript) by 8.8 are for flanged valves.4 79 2.5 3.9 101 Lateral Reducer 8.5 weight of steel pipe.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 231 WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—«" PIPE SIZE S E .5 1.6 37.6 26 . bands and paint.S 6 5.5 1.13 3.3 4.5 1.R.9 28. or Flanges. '& 0 E. Flanged Bonnet 359 409 172 210 367 553 784 1227 To find the weight of cover7.2 5._1 I e^ /A 1—i —5 80 40 Std.39 10.3 4.2 . Pnssuure Seal 600 709 "Cast Iron Valve weights Bonnet—Globe 3. Valves.6 4.13 5.4 4.2 7. Wall Designation Thickness— In.5 18.5 1.5 1.3 .1 3.5 .9 the sum of the inner and the 82 outer layer thickness.J.

64 20.4 509 56 576 5. 20 rfihedule No Wail l>esif.5 Pressure Seal Bonnet — (tlohe tooo 4.7 15.5 159 1. The listed thickneos of oombiimtion covering is the sui•n of the inner and the outer lilyer thickness.5 66 1. or Flartges.8 304 7.3 Flanged Bonnet Check 302 8.4 554 86 408 5.9 171 4 127 3.3 45 lOi 3.5 20 .5 18 30 40 2500 601 1.5 354 1.«) 1 o ! Klt>.3 1332 6.5. w 835 4.5 238 4.7 23.3 12.1 32.5 613 1.5 362 1.5 310 5 435 5.56 Llw.6 Pressure Seal Bonnet -Gate *One Complete Flanged Joint 9.5 231 1.p 54 1.3 23 .8 1 ateral 1 55 3.7 157 4.6 Flanged Bonnet Gate 2SI 75 583 8.2 639 5.06 4.5 70 1.8 56 .4 4« 154 17.7 7.3 46 1.1 727 6 1008 6.3 _L4 .18 21 69 s Q~3 -Ctt^ ** ^ 100 80 120 140 xs 500 434 19.5 S K 40 " h Ibuw 117 4. **Caat Iron Valve weight* are fo r flanged valve*.5 677 6.4 467 5.9 563 6.4 995 5. canvas.6 26. multiply the weight factor (lightface subscript) by the we ight per foot of covering used or straight pipe. cement.5 150 33 1.8 Reducer U. a«k the w sight of water to the of steel pipe.5 16 6.79 593 509 IS. Pipe covering temperature ranges are intended as a guide only imd do not constitute a reco rmnendation for specific thickneas of materials.3 236 53 202 5.5 69 121 6.9 .5 Slip-On iy 4.232 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—S" PIPE SIZE .38 232 11.5 610 7.1 .70 2855 22.8 j (.6 Flanged Bonnet Globe or Angle 317 8.3 6 43.8 216 3.3 1115 4. Steel Valve weights are for welding end va ves.5 139 1.5 Cap 11. To fi nd the weight. Flanged Valve »nd Flange weights include the pro portions! weight of bolts or stud t required to make up ai! joints.of covering on Flanged Fittings. .8 34 .9 203 4 215 4.6 561 5.7 I K <K) 1 Ibow 152 .5 227 1.8 978 8.6 301 5.5 48 1.5 115 1.70 10.5 O ^ f^\ L~LJ 24.5 117 1. Ft 4. •AM Flanged Fitting.3 1 16.9 19.5 595 1.5 86 1.3 1 31 1 32 1 S R MO" I'lhow 1 1 r XV o 1*3 60 46 2 L R 'tO 1 Ihovv I R 45 Llbow 0 £ 277 40 Htd 322 30 i i uT~T m 4.5 549 5.06 5.5 36 1.5 600 135 1.56 5.3 Dfc^fc FLANCF0 FITTINGS ItCfe KQ .5 280 1.5 201 4.5 33 . W 1t pipe covering thicknesses and weight* indicate the average conditions per linear foot an d include all allowances for wir B.5 87 1.5 1500 319 1.8 Tte 175 6. For Boiler Feed Piping.8 Lbs.05 g Magnesia U»/Ft 3 5 4 3 * ^onibina.8 120 !8 69 2 31 1.9 1200 6.5 S3 1.5 5 30 4.8 76 1.8 118 1.1 230 6.5 649 1.5 870 4. 8 812 678 16 7 718 606 176 160 XXS .1 1465 8.5 90 1.61 Steel ttift Lap Joint cfci^^ Blind 45 1. IVt 2»/i 1H ^% 7.1 360 44 507 4.8 337 7. —j Tcmperature Range °F to 260° 460^60 360-440 44<W2fi 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 900-100« 3 2 Thickness In.906 74.06 Cast Iron Pressure Hating 125 psi 250 34 64 f!<r<"we<f or 1.1 329 4.8 114 2 117 2 55 .5 400 82 1.5 33 1.5 900 206 1.06 Welding Nock 300 67 1.875 724 16.1 445 7.6 5 SEE GENERAL NOTES FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN All vreighte are shown in bale 'The weight of steel pipe b per lin«JMT foot. Valves.5 32 .4 454 8.5 1.nati^i 1 hit kne-« In z 250 22 36 2248 Pipe ~Ibs Ft \\atcr Ltw Ft /? (if .3 975 4.8 406 35. Ft g tion 2 4 3 Cali'ium Thickness— In 2 2H 3H 1H t Silicate _ 4 _ 1 133 I 5H 38. bands and p sunt.3 283 5.Thickness lu 4H 3H 16.5 193 1.

'2 1>2 L.2 200 5 10 i b-.'A the HUHa of the inner and the 572 160 185 288 332 732 273 outer layer thickness.m In HO r»0 Ru'iirer 26 20 54 1.1 Gate 7.8 ^ Z.8 4.5 1.5 1.5 1.1Kn . 146 136 71 78 267 337 599 1248 180 The pipe coYeriaz thick Ifczid?) Blind 1.7 7.5 per line ir foot. ade 143 236 332 114 589 1131 54 the we ight of water to th« L.5 1.1 91 6.5 1.8 33 3 C tion Lb. bands and pa int.2 7. Valves or Flan .7 5.6 4. . H 5 10 10. 5 4I2 S' 3 * ( ombirui.9 5 10 6.3 6..n.~ ' 64 .233 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS 10" PIPE SIZE Sl.3 i 1 800-900 J!KX>1000 3MM40 440-525 lompi-riit uro Hone*' °V to 2«0° "260-360 525-600 |_«pO-700 706~80( .5 49.k 1..9 5.l>s 1 t \\ t t t r l.5 1.il or Allw eights are shown in buk 1.3 5 20 6. 4 I .9 the wei| {ht per foot of covering used on straight pipe...9 5.nt 1.' Di 1'2 Siln ate 175 12. 586 Flanged Bonnet 413 751 453 718 746 *AH1'Tsra^d Fittiag.. ki os.S 5...R 58 5. canvas..es.2 4.8 7.5 1. s Pl|W> I.1 6.i 1 hi.5 1...2 4.No \\.2 4.4 8..8 5 10 Cast Iron Stt <•! SEE GENERAL NOTES I>s 1 1500 2500 600 400 900 250 300 125 150 FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN too 117 213 292 528 1148 97 53 51 CGIEft S rcw.8 8.* 40 1 54 1 91 118 2. 1'rehsure Seal 1800 1910 "Cat t Iron Valve weights Bonnet —f!tob<> 4.3 4. In u a. lo. Ui •*'.tll l)i -.5 1._ .3 1.87 8.4 7.3 1. Fkoged ( 'heck 6.5 nesses iuid weights indicate th< average conditions per lineai 462 747 995 190 246 343 323 foot an d include all ailowanc-M S K <K) ribow 4.1 9.5 28 0 23.5 20.5 1.3 6. multiply the weigh' 943 r lauged Bonnet 993 1346 2586 541 1068 factor lightface subscript) by 6. 45" Klbow 4. i Thl-krt-ss In 1>£ 3 2 2.76 15.2 7.5 1. _ ._ : T 222 ~t 2 1 f - - .7 4.5 W.3 6.5 1..5 1. JO 2V) 28.04 35.J 6 9.bs 1 t /*'} Lf 0 Z ^^"v JE •«„.307 34 24 34 98 | 40 t -Ml \-s *>") 40 5 i4 1 >00 54. ! f 54 1 7 I R n° Fib.. ra) .4 a rectanmendation for specific thicknesm <A materials. Steel Valve *weight* are for welding *()]ie Complete a end vahres. 9 50 12.9 Valve aiid Flange weigh te include 1400 the pro aortional weight of bolt« 1650 or stud! required to nwke up al Bonnet Gate 4.Uil.8 5.5 1129 128 196 267 46 447 95 weight of steel pipe u 1.8 for wi« 2 cement.77 *!> .M.9 8.5 1. u» 1 (WO 104 1 26 I -• 1 ' 24 6 226 l 1 — .5 Mil On 1.4 I it.1 238 4.60 14 2 i Mtin^. 1 | t S.I h i i k i t e s s In I'-lfi 439 38.87 6. For toiler Feed Piping. 15 33 ...2 joints.t. Flanged Bonnet 888 471 513 1193 1571 2511 899 To fi nd the weight of cover4.4 335 4.2 are for flanged valves. '.1 91 6.5 1.1 Pipe covering terupexaum Z ^oj"A ranges are intended as a guide 527 1007 293 578 353 1417 479 only and do not constitute lee 7..i Lbv H t.5 weight of steel pipe.5 1.5 1..-Kr>P~< 1.1 4.. 58 31 rrj i 1 J_ 71S T S I H 76 9 89 2 2** S 2n 0 73 1 7 s K <«) I !b. U't 2 5 3'.5 1.5 38 52 72 Ftanm'd Joint 95 184 445 VsfcK^ (a.' 2 f>/4.7 7.3 ing on ?langed Fittinpi.9 5.7 *2 3 82 2 r> 109 2 . M I ItiO i . The listed thick 438 383 245 290 ness of combination covering it 1 R 10° Flhow 5. 1 I o K) .1't 4 Ci!< mm 3 2 2'i 1hl.

4()(> 53.5 1..5 43 4.j .5 1.5 44 0 .8 6.5 1.2 5 h K <i(> Llbow for w i re.5 1. b s / r t W a t e r LbvH g£ 20 .5 337 5.7 8. 90" Elbow Z h*A the M ni of th f inner an ! t IP outer a>er tin kness 414 469 r 705 1124 282 383 235 O j % Pips cover ng temjuTiturp 4.2 L.In _ tiim 49 5 55 8~1 43.5 C'lobe or Angle 9.4 6. 69 91 306 622 44 49 134 .375 49.2 6.5 1.5 1.250 3338 51 10 •40 30 Std.5 Bonnet—( !Sobe are f<>r flang.5 5.3 4. s s -!„ Hi j 11.5 IS Flanged Joint I J FLANGES 3 i ^ KO 1 0 K) .5 Slip On 1.8 Z &Mf*> raiges are mt niled a1.S .5 Hpe 181 1671 233 361 691 142 69 The weight of stiil pipe is 1.5 and wei ghts imlxati the e cotidi ions per in i ir a\ era* 669 345 509 1474 453 815 265 /oot a nd m r l u i lil ail.000 1 100 10DO 1 hi< km s&--In 1 \-'2 3 3 1 2' 2 18.087 88.60 18.8 49. ! 3 J'.% 5.2 6. or 33 .3 f 12.2 5 5.5 1.5 1..5 1.6 [ 33.5 9.3 7. .R.234 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—12" PIPE SIZE (Mhedule N.5 1.8 7. 'I he !Med tin k1598 553 624 485 375 MOSS O f tombir 6.5 1.500 654 47. cerne it ( uivas Hint's and .2 46 0 .5 Tie a rec. 4 Caioum 1 .8 Flanged nges mtJtiph the weiglit or^la 1409 1493 1200 Flanged Bonnet 808 factor (lightfa e subscript i bv 6.5 1.3 45° Elbow 4.5 X.4 S.8 6.3 7.5 1.0 1 r> '" 1 J j ~ - " 181 1 { I 160 .5 Bonnet ( Sate joints.8 6.6 49. 1 5 i 1 ? 17 2 5.5 1.7 Cap 30 1 5 j Tee | E~~J Literal I 60 80 100 120 502 73.3 ( 1 4 7 Ibs'H 5.5 _ 2 Combma.5 1. W all DIK ^nation Thickness In Pipe l .5 1.ItT I h K k n .5 Check Valve ami I Ian rp wpighH IIK lud«* 2080 2400 the pr jportion il weight of bolt i Pressure .5 1.8 7.0 | 140 1 125 1397 160 * ) 34 0 375 3 ' 3 I. a guide 1361 1928 943 684 754 513 403 onh and do not (onMitute 8.5 7.8 9.3 [ 36 5" "ib.9 5.5 7 MignMU 1 1)8 I t 15.5 1.91 [ 7.m in fs 5.5 7.5 1.8 4.5 1.91 19 8 | 22 5 | 5. r I>ed I'iping a Id 193 1591 293 445 920 77 169 the w l i g h t 0 f water to thi 1..5 167 2.jaint. 2ight per foot of .5 pt r hn ear foot For Boil.1 5.330 43.5 Lap Toint w r l g i l of steel pipe 475 341 209 928 118 177 260 1775 I h e pipe rowing th'r!-1..2 41 6 1 000 125 5 W3 [ 't.5 9.ovenng used o n straigt t pipe 1118 1168 701 1160 Flanged Bonnet 874 674 *A1 Flanget Fitting Hanged 6.5 1.5 Blind 1.5 1.5 Welding Neck 1. I? 45 Klbow ^ .(rnmenda (ion for <iji«mc thickn ess of mitteniK 687 1611 2283 3248 1337 726 1298 Flanged Bonnet To find the weight of r<j\ir 6.91 feiluate Steel Cast Iron Pressure Rating SE E GfcNF RAJ NOTES psi 600 400 900 1500 2500 250 300 125 150 FOR MlVTERJKIS NOT SHOWS' 1611 163 261 388 ^820 72 137 140 Hirewid or 71 All weights i re shown in bold 1.3 4.Sea! 5.0 .7 L R 90' Flbow in i lLd/ | ~ _L —1 0 jf^) T 157 80 104 2 S R <X) ' Flbow 78 3 132 2.4 27 i f 31.92 5.5 1. .1 j 12. d valves Stitl Valve weights are for wf Idmg a *0ne Complete end va Ives.2 6.843 107..8 8.8 12. 2500 2150 J ressure Seal •*Cast Iror \ a l \ p weights 5.5 48.7 4. 1 I r 1 Temperature Range °F to 260" 260-360 300-440 440 525 525 hOO 1)00 700 700 SOO 800..1 6.5 1.5 Gate 7.2 6.4 the v.4 44 Redu.I h i r kms* .5 9. _ _ ..91 10.2 5.9 or stu Is requir ?d to maki up ill 5.5 1.8 7.

4 4.89 8.7 Lbs/Ft 1 1 2 4 3 Calcium Thickness— In.7 58.0 1.5 per linear foot. Pressure Seal "Cast Iron Valve weight* Bonnet—Globe are for flanged valves. 2 24 1.3 5.90 3.9 55.8 Lateral 495 5.6 6.5 Slip-On 1.R.3 8. canvas.7 3.1 426 XS IStrt " " _ '" 1 ! -.5 1. Valves.8 203 2..5 5.4 6.1 39. Flanged Bonnet 921 1762 830 1872 2018 3082 3989 To find the weight of coverGate 7. or Flanges. 90° Elbow 6.5 1.8 Reducer 63 1.4 46.4 44 5.250 36.4 16.5 102 2.5 1.4 72. 3.1 83 1.5 1.89 10.5 nesses and weights indicate the average conditions per linear 617 497 372 664 632 918 1549 foot and include all allowances S.6 63.71 62.5 weight of steel pipe.7 60.4 28.1 53. s Pipe— Lbs/Ft Water— Lbs/Ft 30 40 .1 233 I Silicate Lbs/Ft 12.6 8 8 8.9 .437 . _ FLANGES i ' Temperature Range °F to 260° 260-360 360-440 140-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-90C 9oo-iooo{ 3 3 85% Thickness— In.5 1.3 4.5 1. Hanged Joint 57 22 22 62 88 118 159 8 /^l c X«4 1 El So HO 1 _ J .3 17.5 202 3.4 ^ lion 53 0 59.5 5.1 ing on Flanged Fitting*.5 1.4 4.5 1. 45° Elbow 1 _.7 5.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 235 WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—14" PIPE SIZE !0 Schedule No. add 491 261 226 35S 116 the weight of water to the 1.5 1.3 4 4 6 5 * Combina.5 1.4 5.5 1._.9 7. 126 239 142 437 648 267 354 The pipe covering thickBlind 1.7 50.1 33.093 150.5 154 3.Thickness—In .937 130.4 9.3 4.R.312 45.R.9 for wire. Id /^\ 45° Elbow 4.593 84.8 Pipe covering temperature ranges are intended as a guide 563 956 683 1652 2318 968 1131 only and do not constitute Tee 8. 90 240 192 358 473 The weight of steel pipe is 1.500 54. 20 Wall Designation A.9 a recommendation for specific thickness of material*. 90° Elbow 5.5 1.6 Cast Iron r Steel Pressure Rating SEE GENERAL NOTES 300 600 900 250 125 400 150 1500 2500 pel FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN 235 195 318 96 460 184 Screwed or 93 All weights are shown in bold 1.3 8. 60 80 100 120 140 160 .06 Thickness — In.6 8.750 106.5 Welding Neck 1.5 type. Flanged Bonnet 885 •All Fknged Fitting.9 8.1 7. .3 135 2. steel Valve weights are for welding *One Complete end valves.6 6.1 59.4 134 20. Flanged Check 9.250 170.5 15.92 . 90° Elbow S.6 the gum of the inner and the 497 377 292 883 1246 587 638 outer layer thickness.3 Z Magnesia Lbs/Ft 10. 5 14 14 24 34 4hz 5.8 4.7 33.2 45.7 57.5 100 .9 the weight per foot of covering used on straight pipe.7 46 1.375 . For Boiler Feed Piping.1 Cap 35 1.5 1.5 1.6 4.5 1. cement. 90° Elbow L.R.8 588 5.406 189.8 20.90 20.5 1.9 Valve and Flange weights include Pressure Seal the proportional weight of bolt* Bonnet—Gate or studs required to make up ail joints.5 Lap Joint 1._ . multiply toe weight Flanged Bonnet 1171 factor (lightfaee subscript) by Globe or Angle 9.R.03 5.5 1.3 77 1.6 L.2 .5 Tee 159 2. The listed thick492 767 772 622 ness of combination covering is 6.3 6.9 4.0 1.7 L.7 475 1. bands and paint.

For Boiler Feed Piping. Steel Valve weights are for welding *On«s Complete end valves.5 too 1.5 1.5 177 2.7 8.6 5 5 Pipe covering temperature 3 **«€ ranges are intended as ft guide 1263 746 961 1404 1671 2128 3054 only and do not constitute 8. 5 I 2 3 4 414 U-i 2.5 weight of steel pipe.5 1.5 1. 90° HI bow 201 4 265 4 S It W Klbow 135 2.5 1.8 6. Magnesia Lbs 'Ft 22.5 19 7 22.4 I 65.8 11. cement.5 1. i i .U 45 Kll>ow ' '!>< Lateral Reducer Cap 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 l.3 8.500 828 765 L .8 6 6.|1 .3 g ZJ f«»M for wire.5 1.fomt 1. Flanged Check 10.7 202 3.2 44 1.40 11.7 78 102 1.Thickness —In.5 1.6 4.8 58 1.5 nesses and weights indicate the average conditions per linear «i x-i(l 826 501 656 1014 958 1402 1886 foot and include all allowances S H.4 3'/2 1H Silicate 4.7 32.5 1.1 16.5 5. R .236 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—16" PIPE SIZE Schedule No Wall Designation Thickness -In Pipe—Lbfv/Ft \\uter-~ LW Ft e E « (J-f 10 30 Std 375 626 79 1 .OSt 164 8 66 1 1.5 1.7 4. multiply the weight Flanged Bonnet ie~"'~1ir factor (lightface subscript) by I**W.9 7. Pressure Seal **Cast Iron Valve weights Bonnet^-Olobe are for flanged valves.65 9.218 192 3 62.3 VT K!b<>» 43 4. . 1 .1 7. or Flanges.5 1.5 1.5 1.In.6 18.5 per linear foot.8 25. canvas.7 132 1.1 226 * Combma.1~| ~~~1 Oast Iron Steel I'tpssure Rating SEE GENERAL NOTES 125 250 400 150 300 1500 2500 900 600 FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN Screwed or 108 233 120 310 442 ""559 261 All weights are shown in bold 1.8 250 42 t 81 8 20 . Valves.2 650 774 6.5 1. 90° Klbow 5. Flanged Joint 76 31 83 114 31 199 152 S A r J l-v~-f t ~t j .5 1. 116 257 308 564 492 The weight of stee! pipe is Welding Ne<k 1.5 5. 185 308 175 809 M8 455 603 The pipe covering thickBlind 1.2 43.5 _ Valve and Flange weights include Pressure Seal the proportional weight of bolts Bonnet—Gate or studs required to make up all joints._i ——j.5 1.2 257 3.5 Slip-On 1.5 1.3 Tee 8. Flanged Bonnet 1166 •All Flanged Fitting.7 5.312 52 4 805 L.6 15.2 Calcium 1 1 Thnkriobs.—— FLANGES Temperature Range "V to 260° I 60-360 360-440 140-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-90C 5(00-1000 I'hii'kni-* -In 859<2 3 24 3 Ui f. I __.6 9 10 9.5 5 i"""-Ui/ ing on Flanged Fittings.4 a recommendation for speciric thickness of materials.«$L /] Crlobc or Angle the weight per foot of covering used on straight pipe.5 type.5 1.0 37.02 14. Flanged Bonnet 1254 2321 1315 2511 2694 3668 To find the weight of coverGate 9 8 7.5 1. 1212 481 1586 4.. add 289 151 347 607 the weight of water to the Lap . 3Ji 4 4 4H 5 O tlon Lbs Ft 58.5 1.7 6.6 51 4 37. The listed thick1036 701 781 1058 ness of combination covering is 7 7 L R 90" Klbow 7 7 the sum of the inner and the 696 391 839 708 outer layer thickness.65 FbVFt 4. bands and paint.6 1 437 223 6 586 \ 5'« 245 1 -' i XS 565 i 843 1075 136 5 69 7 73 4 559 .40 6.

Thickness — In.R. Steel Valve weighte are for welding end valves. cement. multiply Use weight factor (lightface subscript) by the weight per foot of covering used on straight pipe.H Lateral 7<>8 7. i 100 120 1 !5li 2080 837 I 375 1 . bands and paint.9 20 8 2 Magnesia Lbs H 16 0 250 25 0 & 140 41 299 1500 2. 0 tmn Lbs 'Ft < 'ali-mm Thickne>is . or Flanges.91 1 491 Cast Iron 125 250 140 1.2.9 168 I .3 Blind S.4 90J 4.S 128 1..5 L H <XT Elbow I l 40 W) 80 :»i.5 786 572 1. . 1 t \Vatcr 1043 Lbs/ Ft ) -I' 312 590 1028 .100!) Temperat ire Range °F 3 l'<2 ThirkneKs— In 2 3 2'j 'J . Hanged Valve and Flange weights include the proportional weight of bolts or studs required to make up all joints.5 380 1.8 225 . The weight of steel pipe ia per linear foot.WO.5 229 1.1 _J . Valves. 12.8 1126 ti 1340 6.1 Cap 2.5 331 1.8 1543 5 2252 5. To find the weight bl covering on Flanged Fittings.8 5647 8.7 '•Steel 150 Welding Neck z 71 0 — Pressure Rating psi /I *w" IrtO „ ™ Reducer * Combina.t> 328 3. 54 ^~ fi ' 640 717 5 28 2 SEE GENERAL NOTES FOR MATERIALS NOT SHOWN All weights are shown in bold type.3 1.6 21.17 'i 437 706 82 1 V1">00 935 101 2 99.40 2 2'i 10 0 12 7 300 400 140 1.5 569 900 797 1. canvas. For Boiler Feed Piping.2 1010 8.I 256 4 5 338 4. **Cast Iron Valve weights are for flanged valveg.o S H 90° Elhow 171 2. In a5 Pipe •r>o 474 Lbk. . Pipe covering temperature ranges are intended as a guide only and do not constitute a recommendation for specific thickness of materials.4 Tee 921 8. W Klbow i *y* A fiOO 573 1.6 1625 9 Flanged Bonnet Gate 1629 8. 45" Kllmw Tee 258 3.5 762 1.5 3189 7.3 57 75 •2.5 984 7. 90° Elbow L R.18" PIPE SIZE 10 .5 428 1.237 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS.5 1' _• 740 1!2 7.5 584 1.2 1350 7.%<! 1 7»l 244 1 2742 753 308 5 79 2 _ FLANGES Screwed or Shp-On 31 j 35 3 1 4.5 2817 7 Flanged Bonnet S Globe or Angle 1 0 Flanged Bonnet Check '•HO HO Pressure Seal Bonnet—Globe 3 1 *One Complete Flanged Joint 137t 10. R . Schedule No Wall Designatiot I'hu'knes.5 T..1 j tio2tW 2 (10-3tiO 3«0-44<) 440-525 525-iiOO 1100-700 "00-800 800-900 '.4 461 4. •All Flanged Fitting.6 850 1.7 1040 4.4 870 4.5 1060 6 711 5.'iO 104 8 138 2 «)37 170 8 •)7 0 42 7 88 .5 3580 7.">00 j 56.5 128 316 377 176 1.'> 98 4 M.5 621 5.4 941 7.2 2578 9.9 4327 10.7 521 4.6 1602 9 1909 93 2640 9.In Silicate Lbh Ft ss i : 94 123 1. The listed thickness of combination covering ia the sura of the inner »nd the outer layer thickness.4 101 139 193 Lap Joint 45" Rlbow 210 1.5 365 1.5 1793 6. The pipe covering thieknesses and weighte indicate the average conditions per linear foot and include all allowances for wire.4 1426 7. .. add the weight of water to the weight of steel pipe.5 396 1.9 3 156 34 480 4 18.3 4'* 259 -.8 881 7.5 Pressure Seal Bonnet-— Gate 41 93 40 9 40.5 441 1.5 1152 1.

5 Flanged Bonnet Globe or Angle i *One Complete Flanged Joint KO 1680 6.5 Blind i a 8 .500 104.250 52.9 922 6 1375 6. bands and p aint The listed tlni-kness -oi (ombmation covering is the su 11 of the inner ami the outer Itiy< r thickness.5 1.6 126. 3ii 44.R.3 3823 9. The weight of steel pipe k per hn« ar foot For Boiler Fe< d Piping.3 Reducer 142 1.7 186 1.4 27.5 1. Steel ViiKe weights are for weldmg end va.15 8.5 1.500 296.5 1.9 109.2 2848 5.031 208.1 5520 11 4449 7. 22.750 341 1 92.9 L. 90° Elbow & i ^ 1 .2 4 236 5 61 2 4"'2 54 __. 90" Elbow 317 5 419 5 S.5 1. C 694 5 27 0 30 6 — SEE GENERAL NOTES f OR MATERIAI S NOT SHOWN All v/eights are shown ni bok type. **Cast Iron Valve weights are fo " flanged valves.R.968 379.375 78.3 1 .6 Lbs/Ft tion 3'/2 Calcium Thickness — In i 1 2 2H 3 Hi IJ-i 8.9 4744 8.0 87. .15 LbR/Ft 539 5.5 1. ad< the w pight of water to th« weight of steel pipe.5 Slip-On 1.39 Silicate 20.4 L.0 14.R. \li 2 2J-S ».5 Lap Joint 1.5 1.281 256. 1 " { 2314 6.1 j Temperature Range "? to 260° 260-360 360-440 440-525 >25-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 3 3 85% Thickness— In.5 Welding Neck 1. 90° Elbow 212 3. f Umged \alvea id Flaiigi' weight" include t h e prc portional weight of bolts or >>tuda required &> make up ull joints.d Bonnet.4 .4 1150 1 .KO — - 1 . Pipe— Lbs/Ft Water—Lbs/Ft WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—20" PIPE SIZE !& FLANGES 9 Z 8 fa 8 60 80 100 120 140 160 .812 166. canvas.2 Magnesia Lbs/Ft 4 4 Oombina.238 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION s Schedule No. multiply the weight factor dightface subscript) by the we ght per foot of f « \ u m g used or straight pipe.. Wai! Designation ThickmsM— In. .1 Cast Iron Steel Pressure Rating 300 400 600 250 900 125 psi 150 1500 1 2500 Screwed or 468 733 973 176 378 181 1. The pipe covering thick nesses and weights indicate the averagf conditions per hneai foot ar d include all allow. .5 1.5 1. Valvi-s or Fiar ge-s.3 94 2.9 1917 5.3 1221 8.1 Tee 321 4 407 4 Lateral 1024 8.mcts for wir e.5 1315 6.7 38.6 1055 4.6 Tee 1178 9 2022 9.5 1.5 1378 9 Flangt.9 120.6 1 .2 18.R. Gate 1934 8.5 1.4 98.0 10 105 180 242 361 i ~ ' 900-100 0 4>2 52.5 1.Thickness—In.2 14.4 1.5 1.3 11.7 129.5 438 524 222 748 1085 1.2 647b S.593 122.1 208 2.3 Flanged Bonnet Check Pressure Seal Bonnet. ves.3 xs jj. Pl[W> covering tpmpeintnre ranges are intended as a guide onlv f nd do not con-titute a reto nmendah'm for si«-nfic thickne ss of materials To fi nd the weight of < overmg on Hanged Fittings.5 40 30 20 Htd. 90' Flbow 1132 7.7 3463 10. *U1 Hanged Fitting.4 1908 9.8 652 4.8 27.7 44.1 103.3 L.0 17.1 122 8 .5 1.5 1. cement. 792 6 Ir ID ^O —1 j 1 j S.8 45" Elbow 592 4.8 1330 4.5 1.8 1725 7.Gate P 1772 11 L 1 Pressure Heal Bonnet—Globe 52 95 52 4 .8 1705 7.8 1352 7.R.5 _j_ 389 475 159 704 952 1.9 3610 7.7 Cap 72 2.5 276 545 711 976 1438 487 298 1.4 278 3.3 1105 4. 45° Elbow 158 2.5 2370 9.4 1.

0 16.7 8. bands 1711 2644 1821 2874 and paint.5 302 2.4 52.6 6.5 the weight of water to the 1.2 10 10.562 140. 405 757 841 446 1073 1354 2715 The pipe covering thkkBlind 1.0 32.5 2 r-H.5 1.9 Lateral 1482 10 1769 10 Reducer 167 1.2 45.8 8.5 1.9 ing on Flanged Fittings.5 1.7 L.1 4.5 Tee 445 4. 90" Elbow 305 3.812 2.last Iron Steel Pressure Rating SEE GENERAL NOTES psi 250 150 400 600 300 125 1500 2500 900 FOR MATERIALS Screwed or NOT SHOWN 255 245 577 676 1055 1823 Slip-On All weights are shown in bolt 1. canvas.5 1. Wall Designation Thickness— In.7 7.R. 90° Elbow 8. Pressure Seal **Cast Iron Valve weight) Bonnet—Globe are for flanged valves. 45° Elbow 229 2.1 a reeonuneadation for specific thickness of materials. Check 12 •All Ftanged Fitting.5 weight of Hteel pipe.4 149.8 16.5 per linear foot.7 404 3.8 1.5 31. l'/2 2 3 3 2M £ Magnesia Lbs/Ft 21.250 63.5 1.5 nesses and weights indicate the average conditions per linear at Xjj 1231 2014 1671 2174 2474 3506 6155 O £.7 8. Pipe— Lbs/Ft Water— Lbs/Ft 'o! 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 .5 1.8 .7 32. Flanged Bonnet 3062 6484 6920 7122 9246 To find the weight of coverGate 8.Thickness—In.5 1.7 8.2 10.£« S.218 296. Valves or Flanges.5 1.3 1.44 9.062 2.5 1.8 71.9 563 4.R.375 94.3 .1 .343 429 141 484 134 541 127 _ _ XS 1— Temperature Range °F to 260° 'S60-360 360-440 440-525 525-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 900-1000 Thickness— In.0 (.4 27 .5 1.44 9.5 1.1 9.5 6 1 £ 45° Elbow Pipe covering tewpernture ranges are intended as a guide 1836 3061 2276 3161 3811 5184 9387 only and do not constitute Te« 10 10. multiply the weigh! Flanged Bonnet factor (lightface subscript) by Globe or Angle the weight per foot of covering Flanged Bonnet 2956 used on straight pipe.500 125.2 174. 90° Elbow foot and include all allowances 6.7 6. For Boiler Feed Piping.531 367.4 12.0 60.0 26.6 11.8 178.8 M Combina.3 1. 314 4 4 6 41A 5 SH o tion 90.0 Std.7 Cap 102 2.968 238. Staw Valve weights tan for welding 'One Complete end valves.1 165.6 183.2 52.R.5 1.8 5.7 220 1.687 171.8 Schedule No.1 L.R.1 for wirCj cement. Flanged Valve and Flange weights include Pressure Seal the proportional weight of bolts Bonnet— Gate or studs required to nuke up aJ joints.2 80. 4.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 239 WEIGHTS OF PIPING MATERIALS—24" PIPE SIZE 1 10 20 .5 1.R.65 6.8 7.8 134 2.5 1.4 158.5 180.5 1. typ?248 702 998 580 1793 The weight ol steel pipe IB Welding Neck 1.7 ness of combination covering is Sfe fl*P» the sum of the inner and the 871 1604 1121 1634 1974 2831 5124 outer layer thickness.5 20.5 9. Flanged Joint 174 71 174 274 71 360 687 m | 0 NO i .5 1.8 5 5 5.8 8.4 188. adc 309 770 1080 2058 631 Lap Joint 1.4 3S.5 1. 1 2 4 3 V4 IJi 4H 5 Silicate Lba/Ft 6.1 6.2 Lbs/Ft Calcium 1 Thickness — In.5 1. 90° Elbow 458 6 606 6 S.65 13.7 9. The listed thickL. .

it is quite evident that the pipe support engineer has need for a method of calculating the supports that will be clear.240 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION HANGER LOAD CALCULATIONS The thermal deflection of piping in modern high pressure and high temperature power stations has made it necessary to specify flexible supports. Section 1 Draw a single line sketch. The approach and the assumptions made in solving a hanger load problem could be numerous. Piping engineers are interested in knowing the proper procedure to follow in calculating the loads at various points of support on a pipe line and also to determine the position of support on a pipe line where the pipe load at the anchor or terminal point is limited. Figure 1 illustrates a pipe line drawn in isometric with all the necessary dimensions shown in the same plane as the related section of pipe. The type of support.. Such a table. valve or fitting. and (3) Risers. This will provide a clearer picture of the steps involved in the solution. Inc. Most manufacturers of power station equipment place limitations on the allowable loads at terminal points. Calculation of loads is accomplished by taking moments about an unknown value and solving for a second unknown value. Pipe lines should be supported so that the load on the terminal points is not greater than the allowable load throughout the full range of thermal expansion. Therefore. it is desirable to know the supporting force at each pipe suspension point and to have the total supporting forces equal to the calculated weight of the piping system. for the pipe line shown in Figure 1.) Thme t>*tf* reproduced through the courtesy of Grinnell Co. is not covered here as this is a function of the piping system's thermal deflection and should be treated as a separate study. The calculation of loads for hangers of a piping system involves first dividing the system into convenient sections at the following points in the system and the order of preference is as listed: (1) Hangers. The first step in the solution of a problem of this kind is to prepare a table of weights. A well balanced suspension system will result in values for the loads on the hangers to be in close proximity to one another provided all pipe is of the same size or there are no highly concentrated loads located near a hanger. summation of the individual loads will produce the unknown load. In the example problems to follow it is assumed that the hangers have been located. thereby requiring the designer to give considerable thought to the calculations of hanger loads for the steam pipe lines. With these conditions in mind. spring or rigid. concise and easily understood. as in Figure 2. is given on the following page. The solution that follows is not intended as being the only method but rather as a method of producing a good balanced system for the problem under consideration. Of the approaches that could be made in the solution of any problem there will be one solution that produces the best balanced system. (2) Bends (either vertical or horizontal). Boiler and turbine manufacturers are especially concerned about the pipe weight on their equipment and sometimes specify that the reactions at pipe connections shall be zero. or if all loads except one are known. where there are concentrated loads within the system the supporting forces required of the adjacent hangers will be correspondingly large. This illustration is limited to as few pipe sections as possible but incorporates most of the problems commonly encountered in power station piping support. depending on the designer. It is preferred in this explanation that the summation method be used as check method on the accuracy of the computations made in the moment method. Individual loads will very likely be different but the total of each combination of hanger loads plus reactions obtained should be approximately the same in every case. (The weight should be shown at the center of gravity of each piece of pipe. and show all dimensions and weights. preferably to scale. . The solution of each section should be prefaced by the drawing of a free body diagram. The next step is to isolate each section for study beginning with the section of pipe supported fay hangers H-l and H-2.

6 69.N.0 Each 500.3 1824.0 Each 12"-Sehedulp IfiO Weld K1I 460 109 5 569 5 570 0 Each 6*-W.3 18240 Each . 900ttv Flange 116 36.0 Each 1100 217.0 4354 0 4354.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 241 Figure 1 NOTE. Maximum Allowable Load at B = 650tb Table of Weights Description 12*-Schedule 160 Pipe 6*-Schedule 160 Pipe 12*-900Jb Stop and Check Valve 12*-900tt> Lap Flange Weight in Pounds 161 45.S.5 197 5 Per Ft 24 2 69. 12" X 12" Xfi"-<K)OltiFlanged Tee 1683 321 0 2004 0 2004.75 499 75 Weight Used in Calculations .0 Each 12*-900ft» Flanged (lute Valve 4024 394.3 3960 445 Insulation Weight in Pounds Total Weight 36.0 441H 0 4418..0 Each 54.F. . 394.5 197.8 1317 S 13180 Each 1598 226.5 Per Ft.3 152 3 1520 Each 6*-Sch«lulft 160 \V<-1<1 ICI1 6*-90011j Flanged Globe Valve 12"-900!b Flanged Elbow 59 3fi 3 95 3 95.

The load and the imaginary beam reactions for the 45° bend are calculated as in Section 1.15 + 1410.5(tf-3)' = -477(9) + 790(2) + 1550(7.437) + 146(1.75 (H-2)" « 3835ft Section 3 The section of pipe between H-4 and H-5 has an imposed load of the 6' line through the flanged tee.637 = 3.65 + 17.55. The load due to line (H-6)-Rn-7 results in the reaction RH-T which is to be carried by H-7.1268 = 4224ft Totai load on H-l = (H-l)' + (H-l)" = 841 + 4224= 5065ft Section 2 Consider next the section of pipe between H-2 and H-3.187) + 3173(9) + 1550(10. 14. Figure 5 shows the section in elevation with the loads indicated as in Figure 2. the load on #-3 due to the line (H-2)-(H-3). The weight of the vertical bend is considered as acting at the center of gravity of the bend.683) + 3173(5.79 (//-!}" = 4224ft or (//-I)" = 4354 + 500 + 638 .-4293 + 1580 + 11.5) .209.5(ff-2)" •= 99(0. Figure 4 force on H-l due to the line A-(H-l) plus /2#-i reacting at 0.5+7123. See Figure 6.557 + 16.208) = 27. The load due to line Rn-»-(H-7) results in the reaction RH-» which is to be carried by H-6.3804 = 38351b * .5) + 1550(7. the load on H-2 due to line (H-2) to (H-S).242 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 4354 (H-2)" = 99 + 1550 + 3173 + 1550 + 790 + 477 . solve for (H-3)'.708(/M)" = 4354(1.25) + 1550(3. 3.5 .341.75 + 5708. In this section we will consider Ra-2.139.75 (H-S)' = 3804ft Take moments about H-3 to solve for (H-2)". This load must now be detennined and at the same time solve for loads on Hangers //-6 and H-7.7 = 1021b .760.183) + 99(14. Take moments about H-2.382+1645. 2Ra.317) + 790(12.291)+638(11.5) + 477(23.908 = 15. !4.5 + 11.368 = 203.MSB' Total load on H-2 = (H-2)' + (H-2)" = 927 + 3835 = 4762ft.183' = 3'-2j* All forces are in the vertical plane.462 Ra.75 -= 55.094 + 176.610.*83)+500(3. Figure 5 C = 5 X 0.25) .35 + 9875 + 11. see Figure 7.166) = 6892. -X2Q11 .154.451. which as yet has not been balanced. Figure 3 can be used to determine this location.1 = 62(0.661.24. Taking moments about H-G solve for RS-I.85 + 28.

Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 243 6 IN DEGREES 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 190 140 ISO 160 170 If CALCULATED ARC DISTANCES FOR USE WITH HORIZONTAL BENDS AND WELDING ELBOWS D*R(TAN| +1 -zcsce) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 KX> 110 120 130 140 150 160 !70 180 CENTER OF GRAVITY OF AN ARC FOR USE WITH VERTICAL BENDS AND WELDING ELBOWS 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 KX) 6 IN DEGREES Figure 3 MO 120 130 HO ISO 160 S70 180 .

J. 9(H-2)' = 775(3. This imaginary beam is shown resting on the tangents at a distance D of l'-4^" and the load on each end of the beam is one half the total load or 775fc.273 .1.625 6270 84 lib or (H-l)' = 543 + 775 .1. z'-o" SL T.I = 790(2) + 775(5.2 = = = Rn-2 '--- 543(1.375 + 5530 = 8339.244 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION The weight of the 90° bend is shown as 1550lb at the center of gravity of the bend.083) -f 775(3.- 5jsr5l 4'_ Horizontal Bend—Plan View The distance D is determined trigonometrically or from Figure 3 which has been drawn for convenience. section (H-l )-0 is considered weightless. which results in reaction RH. the . Conversely. it consists of the sum of the loads minus the reaction.375) 2809. this means that this section is to be balanced by the section between H-2 and H-Z so that in calculating the load on A.l ) ' . the (H-2)' = 775 + 790 .I = = = = 84 lib 0271b 638ft 477 fe We must now determine the load on H-l due to the forces between H-l and A. section 0~(//-2).375 + 3460.\ at 0." .417) . There will be two reactions at 0 which are designated as RH-I and Rn-2RH-I is the reaction of line Q~(H-2) to be carried on Hanger H-l and RH-Z is the reaction of line (H-l) -0 to be carried on Hanger H-2.708A = 4354(2.575 3558.» I \t . we have reactions as follows: (H-l)' (H-2)' KH-\ RH.625) -f 543(6.^ Figure 2.458(//-l)' = = = (H-l}' = 775(3.458) = 9252.638 = 927tb For the section of pipe considered. By definition we said that the force resulting from (H-l )-0 was to be carried by H-2.375 (H-2)' = 9271b J'-l'^. Consider line (H-l)~Q as a free body and by taking moments about H-l solve for RH-I7.l ) ' ' . Transpose the feet and inches to their decimal equivalent in feet.204 = 4702.i = = = RH.638(7.25 -f 208.-J-I D s'-«'/z" '. is to be carried by H-l and therefore balanced by section A-(H-l).5 .375) 1580 + 4165.664 4771t> By taking moments about /?//-a solve for ( H . Consider line 0-(W-2) as a free body and by taking moments about H-2 solve for RH-I9/?w. 3. H-l to H-2.625 G38tb By taking moments about RH-I solve for (H-2)'t the force on H-2 due to the line 0-(//-2).365' or l'-4|" Now consider the forces between H-l and H-2 acting in two planes which intersect at 0.833) 588.625) + 790(7) = 2809. 7. Consider this bend as supported on a beam which passes through the center of gravity and rests on the extensions of the tangents to the bend.625 5745.546 A — 1268tb which is below the allowable load at A of 1500tb Taking moments about A solve for ( H .069 + 2970. force on H-l due to the line (H-l)--Q.458/iw. Section A-0 in this case is a simple beam and is solved by taking moments about //-! to find the reaction at A.25) + 500(0. D = 5 X 0.477 = 84lib This latter method of calculating (H-l)' can be used as a check on the work of calculating the loads by taking moments.4758.

? solvefor (H-6)'. H-7 = (H-7)' + (H-7)" = 441 + Section 4 Figure 10 is an elevation view of the section of 6* pipe tetween H-& and the flanged tee with the reaction RH-R. H.074 + 1533 5120. Take moments about H-7 to solve for Figure 9 It is necessary to treat this section as a cantilever beam.44ltb Next consider the section between H-7 and B plus the reaction RH-T.458) + 146(10.7.()32 + 96.3«H.102 = 106ft Figure 8 is a free body diagram of section R«-6~(//-7)..906 = 212.« = 245 95(0.3(//-7)' = = = (H-7)' = 146(0. h- Figure 6 Taking moments about /?«.75 1976. which is the load on H-% due to the line Figure 8 .800) + (>53(5.453 .Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION 11.»5(ll.538 (tf-6)' = 146 + 62 .(H-7)..824 453tb Taking moments about RH-K solve for (//-?)'.f>50 = 13591b Total load on 1359 = 18001ti. the load on H-Q due to the line (//-(>)-]?w. 1J2M ° 792 ' ' = !4f>(0.834) 4. (H-7)" = 102 + 437 4.05) 116.25) + 653(5.5) 23. the load on W-7 due to the line KH-&.792) + (12(1. see Figure 9.602 + 1049. r H-6 t LcLfUZL* *- j^^ «LZlil L.75 + 3564.152 44 lib (//-')' = 146 -f 653 + 95 .8 + 3809.6 = = = /?/. The load on H-7 caused by this section is (//-7) and can be solved for by summing the forces.563) = !I5.152 + 1318 .

5875m. //-6 = (//-6)' + (//-6)" = 106 17(//-4)'= 148(0.279.125 ft . 15.417)4-148(16.375 Total load on 1050 = 115(ilb.5 = 26.654.292)+3667(14.75) = 308.5) = 23.1050 = 663Jb Section 5 Figure 11 shows the pipe section (//-3).5) -463(2) = 7559.724 (//-4)" = 37471b Total load on H-4 ..504 = 36.1025(8.583)42488(10.125) 45418(4. Take moments about H-3 and solve for (H-4)'.4175 = 21.28Ib Section 6 Referring to Figure 1 it will be noted that it is required that there he zero reaction at point marked C.541.083)4247 (2.083(JI/-4)" = 285(1.=663 H-4>f— = 140 4 95 4 1025 4 453 .5 4 9472. the 7.6554-524.135 (ff-3)"==4175lb Total load on H-3 = (H-3)' + (H-3)" = 3804 + 4175 = 7979lb. I5.375)495( 15.5 = 16. I * 6 6 3 (FIGURE 10) 2004 IOOO 663 Figure 11 Figure 12 -3)" = 2488(6.37541448.246 Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION Taking moments about K\ solve for (//-6)".830.25) 4.7542170-906 ==10.75 + 8328. Solve for the reaction (H-3)" by taking moments about HA. Consider the forces as acting in two planes which intersect at 0.982. the load on the flanged tee.641.8754-24. Calculate the load (H-4)" on H-4 due to the section (H-4) to 0 by taking moments about 0.272.(//-4) as a simple team.375)+3667 (2.708) = 55.496+52. Draw a sketch to scale as in Figure 12 showing loads and dimensions.25)4 140(15.5fti = 1025(7.5 = 70.861 +26.694 4-877. load on H-4 due to the 7/-3-//-4 line. . Taking moments about (//-('>)" solve for /f].13942460.583)4130(6.(H-4)' + (H-4)" = 2128 + 3747.125) + 453(17.867.5C//-6)" = 95(0.625) = 15.125 + 7927.169-865 (//-4>'=-2l28ft> or (//-4)' = 148 4 3667 4 2488 .

333}+5418(2.522. 2333 (1.937 Location of ff-5 is tf-l\* + l'-l' or 3'-2f from 0.875)+500(10.792 -X) +500(4. 3.288 500(7.5 = 15. 7.576+2250+2396 -2526.146) .155 H-5 = 4846ft H-5 = 2333 + 285 + 1728 + 500 .639+2333Z+285X -8280.083+Z) +285(Jf ) .646) = 4572.294-13.083K2»130(Q.648.867 ft ft 1728(2.375) = 308.3747 .43.257 247 285(2.146) = 3573.2333ft Solve for load and location of H-5 by taking moments about H-5.7533.229) .152+5187.639 4846X = 10.399.626+1710 = 16.000 8145.1728(4.Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION Calculate the reaction at R% due to loads in the plane H-4 to 0 by taking moments about H-4.083)+1728(5.610 8144.4846ft Summary: The loads to be supported by each of the seven hangers as determined in the foregoing calculations are as follows: H-l = 5065ft H-2 = 4762ft H-3 = 7979ft H-4 = 5875ft H-5 = 4846ft H-6 = 1156ft H-7 = 1800ft .5)+247(4.792 -X) 2526.545+1224.288 ft ft Take moments about RI to solve for H-S.655+10.958)+285(6) .611.916 Ra=2333ft Bz = 130 + 5418 + 247 + 285 .229H-5 = 285( 1. Check 2333(3.576 -1728X+2250+2396 -500X 2333Z+285X+ 1728X+500JS: =8280.5+4.

634 .248 |.200 .300 .384 . 584 .017 .100 .334 .232 .484 .067 .284 .217 .517 .184 .135 .000 ! .500 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 .034 .167 .600 .900 .800 .050 .850 .734 .368 .984 1.950 .700 .784 . 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Hours Minutes Hours .117 .834 .667 .767 .350 .917 .400 .867 .884 .650 .267 .150 .084 .567 .550 .317 .250 .434 . _ Minutes Section Eleven—TECHNICAL INFORMATION __ .934 .417 .967 .817 .450 .684 .534 .750 .617 .467 .717 .

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