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Compression is the reversible conversion of data to a format that requires fewer bits, usually stores or transmitted more efficiently.

Data compression works by reducing wastage. A great number of compression techniques have been developed. Loseless and Lossy are two famous techniques

This is a process which when applied to a file compresses it in size but results in the loss of some of the contents. It is basically used for graphics and digital video .

Loseless means fully recoverable. It is used for text and numeric data. This technique reduces the data into 2:1 form. It reduces the data to almost 10% of the original .