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Hence ‘something to be scoffed at’ would mean ‘something to be devalued’. Choice (3) 2. Flamboyant means ‘brightly coloured and showy’. Hence flamboyance here can mean ostentation (pretentious display of wealth, skill or knowledge, designed to impress). Choice (4) 3. Reiterate means to say something again. Choice (1) 4. Corroborate means to confirm or give support to. Hence corroborative evidence would mean confirmative evience. Choice (4) 5. Jaundiced means bitter or resentful. Choice (2) puerile means childish. Choice (2) 6. Desecrated means treated with disrespect. Choice (4) impaired means weaken. Choice (4) 7. Winding means twisting and turning, while Choice (2) aligned means straight. Choice (2) 8. Straitened implies poverty stricken while Choice (3) dire implies dreadful or awful or grim. The other three choices refer to the financial aspect while Choice (3) refers to something terrible or frightful. Choice (3) 9. Of the given sentences, shadow is not appropriate in sentence 2. In the context of the sentence, the word is shade not shadow. “To put something in the shade” means ‘to be much better or more impressive’. Choice (2) 10. Of the given choices, choice 2 is the sentence where the word is inappropriately used. “bill” means account, note, poster, announcement, etc. In the context of the sentence, it must be "prescription" not bill. Choice (2) 11. Concerned is wrongly used in sentence 4. While concerned means involved, worried or interested (as in sentence 1, 2 and 3), the appropriate word in sentence 4 is concerted (done in a planned or determined way). Choice (4)
12. Choice (1) is the sentence where flag is inappropriately used. "Flag" has as one of its meanings – to become tired, or weaker; but in the context of the sentence it is not applicable. Choice (1) 13. Propitious (favourable) is the most appropriate word which goes into the blank – because according to the context she intended to wait for a more favourable occasion before she announced her plans. Choice (1) 14. Germane is the appropriate word which goes into the blank (germane : relevant to a subject under consideration). The sentence says that the judge ruled that the evidence was inadmissible on the grounds that it was not germane (relevant) to the issue at hand. Choice (2) 15. To seek respite (a short period of rest) from the scorching (burn or become burnt) summer of the plains …. Choice (3) 16. The columnist was almost reverential (showing reverence) when he ……. but he was unpleasant and even acrimonious (bitter and angry) when he discussed people who irritated him. Choice (2) 17. When Mauritius became independent, unemployment was chronic (long-lasting, bad). It was not lingering (reluctant to leave) lingering implies something that was already there and continuing. Nor was it characteristic (distinctive) or incessant (continual). Incessant is not used with unemployment. Choice (1) 18. With chronic unemployment, and an increasing population, it appeared that Mauritius was heading for disaster. How? Irretrievably (not able to be improved or set right). It is not irrefutably (impossible to deny) or irresistibly (too strong to be resisted - implying an attraction) or irrationally (not logical). Choice (4) 19. Since the earlier part of the sentence says that Mauritius is a success, democracy there must be functioning (operating in a proper or particular way) not malfunctioning (not operating in a proper way) or performing (enacting) or far fetched (unlikely, far from reality). Choice (3) 20. The word in the blank is used with cliched (over used or hackeneyed). Hence it is originality (little originality means no originality). The other words are not similar in meaning to cliched. Choice (2) 21. The paragraph already says that there is no originality in news agency writing. So the writing skill is killed by a thorough (complete with regard to every detail) news agency training. The training is thorough, not superficial (on the surface) or widespread (spread over a large area or among a large number) or thoughtful (showing careful consideration). Choice (4)
22. The meaning implied in ‘A’ is stated in ‘H’, thus choices (2) and (4) can be ruled out. ‘BG’ is the right combination and ‘F’ matches ‘C’. Choice (3) 23. The meaning implied in ‘A’ is stated in ‘H’. ‘BG’ is the right combination. ‘E’ matches ‘C’, thus (1) is the answer. Choice (4) 24. The meaning implied in ‘A’ is stated in ‘H’ (used as noun). Thus choices (2) and (3) can be ruled out. ‘BG’ is the right combination (since it is a verb here) ‘E’ matches ‘C’, thus (1) is the answer. Choice (1) 25. The meaning implied in ‘A’ is stated in ‘F’. ‘BE’ is the right combination. Thus choices (3) and (4) can be ruled out. ‘H’ matches ‘C’, thus (2) is the answer. Choice (2) 26. The subject in the subordinate clause is ‘the stature of music’. The stature of music must be such that it liberates one…. not them (we are talking in general about any one not any specific group – them). Further the sentence is in the active voice and so should continue in the same (in choice 3 it becomes passive). Choice (2) 27. The structure used here is not…. but…. And choice 4 conforms to this. The other sentences do not make complete sense. Choice (4) 28. The courts are coming in the way of …… what? The nation (doing something). Choice 3 fits this structure. In choice 4 we have two prepositions coming together (of and to). Choice 1 suddenly becomes passive. In choice 2 the possessive (apostrophe s) is used wrongly. Choice (3) 29. We are comparing Sachin’s way with Bradman’s. Hence in the second part of the sentence the apostrophe s must be used. In choice 4 we have ‘the’ – the definite article is wrongly used before the name of a person. Choice (3) 30. B follows D as the word ‘metaphor’ refers to the images used to describe Wall Street in D. So choices 1 and 4 are ruled out. We have to choose between 2 and 3, whether DB comes in the beginning or the end of the paragraph. DB is better at the beginning – from an image we come to more specific facts. Choice (3)
31. C is the first sentence of the paragraph – we land in Tashkent and the remaining sentences are about the place. B follows C – ‘at the airport itself’ links it to ‘the Tashkent international airport’ in C. A follows B – from the airport we come out and see the roads, trams, buses etc. D concludes with a remark about the feelings of the people. Choice (1) 32. C follows A – ‘This field’ in C refers to the fields (pilots, airhostesses etc) mentioned in A. B must follow C – ‘Aviation academies in the twin cities now offer ……. in B logically follows …… the aviation academies in Hyderabad ….. in C. So, ACB go together. D is the opening statement since it states the subject. Choice (2) 33. Statement A cannot start the paragraph because it starts with ‘but’ Choice 3 is wrong because A cannot follow C (these in A has no precedent in C). Choice (1) 34. It is not ‘much’ fee regulation but too much fee regulation (rules out 1 and 4). ‘Condemned to’ means doomed or assigned to something unwelcome. The students are condemned to second rate institutions not condemned in (rules out 2 and 4). Choice (3) 35. ‘Reserves’ means a reserved supply of a commodity, funds kept available whereas reserve means retain for future use. Here it is foreign exchange reserves (rules out 2 and 4). The exports are ‘growing at a reasonably fast pace’ reasonably qualifies fast pace not growing. Hence reasonably growing (choice 3 and 4) is wrong. Choice (1) 36. The state was convulsed in violent conflict not into (rules out choice 1 and 3). The subject is ‘years’ hence it should be ‘took their toll’ not ‘its toll’ (rules out 1 and 2). Choice (4) 37. Since the sentence already has ‘while’, the use of ‘but’ is wrong (rules out choice 1 and 3). When we use ‘both’ we must use ‘and’ not ‘as well as’. (rules out choice 1 and 4). Choice (2) 38. Incipient is the beginning stage and fledgling is a beginner. A fledgling is the one who is in the incipient stage. We have to select the pair which shows the same relationship. Young and old do not bear the same relationship, gerontology is the study of old age and pediatrics is the branch of medical science which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of ailments in children; A permutation is the different ways in which a set of things can be ordered; a combination is using up of two or more things. The choice which bears the same relationship is mendacious (untruthful) and deceitful (behaving in a dishonest way). A mendacious person is deceitful. Choice (4)
39. Filly is a young female horse and colt is a young male horse. (It is a gender relationship). Boy and girl bear the same relationship but the order is reversed. Grist is the corn for grinding and mill is the machinery for grinding; child and adult are of neuter gender. Hence sow (a female pig) and pig, bear the same relationship. Choice (3) 40. Uxoricide refers to the killing of one’s wife. Similarly, ‘sororicide’ refers to the killing of one’s sister. Hence choice (3) is the answer. Homicide is a synonym for ‘murder’, filicide refers to the killing of a friend and genocide refers to the systematic elimination of a race. Choice (1) 41. Encomium is a high flown expression of praise. Panegyric is a eulogy. Encomium and panegyric are synonyms. Sorrow is the state of the mind and dirge is a sorrowful song sung for a dead person. Insult is to offend a person and honour is to respect. They are antonyms. Acerbity is bitterness in speech and equanimity is evenness in temper. The only choice which bears relationship similar to the given pair is urbane and sophisticated. Urbane means elegant or refined. Sophisticated also means refined. Choice (1) 42. The relationship between the original pair of words is synonymous. Options 1, 2 and 3 also suggest a synonymous relationship. Only in option 4, is the relationship between the two words antonymous. Choice (4) 43. Conjecture is a guess. Prediction is a forecast. Suspicion is doubt. Dogma is a principle, but an opinion is not an ideal. Choice (2) 44. A skinflint lacks magnanimity, a profligate lacks morality, a quisling lacks patriotism, a rookie lacks experience. However, an altruist does not lack compassion. Choice (1) 45. Option (1) captures the essence by including the three important ideas. It mentions the distrust and hurt that is created, how marginalisation shapes the relationships between the settler and the marginalised and also states why reconciliation becomes tough. The paragraph says that the reality is a constant remainder of the injustice meted out to the Aborigines and a confrontation of the ‘other’ history creates new hurts. Since the focus of the passage is not on what actually happened and since it is not the lack of choice in resettlement that led to two histories being written in parallel, option (2) can be eliminated. Option (3) can be ruled out for the obvious reason that the paragraph does not say that the Aborigines try to be treated as equals. The paragraph does not say that it is the distrust and fear that makes it impossible for them to exist in a society where they are marginalised. ‘Fear’ is not mentioned in the given paragraph. Choice (1)
46. In sentence B we are comparing agriculture in India to that in western Europe. Hence ‘than’, not ‘to’, should be used. In sentence C, the productivity is ‘comparable’ (able to be likened, similar) not comparative (relative). In sentence D, ‘the’ subsistence oriented peasant got a good return; the article is essential. Choice (3) 47. In sentence C it must be ‘parlours’ (plural) since we are talking of ‘several’. In sentence D it must be ‘contrast with’. Choice (2) 48. In sentence B the word is ‘leaning’ (partiality) not ‘learning’. In sentence D, it should be ‘the history’ – the article should be repeated because we are talking of two different aspects of the people. Choice (4) 49. Sentence B should be ‘designed for’ not to. Sentence D should be ‘wants to’. Choice (1) 50. Choice (1) is the odd man. The other words are emotions whereas “sobbing” is not. Choice (1) 51. Options 2, 3 and 4 relate to the monetary aspect of a motorcycle. Option 1 talks of the performance of a motorcycle. Choice (1) 52. Options 1, 2 and 4 indicate that the person is heading North. Option 3 indicates that the person is going South. Choice (3) 53. ‘Thud’, ‘hiss’ and ‘click’ are words containing sounds similar to the sounds they describe, i.e. onomatopoeic words. ‘Shout’ is not an onomatopoeic word. Choice (4) 54. A follows the given sentence 1 – ‘These countries’ in A refers to the countries named in 1. B flows A – ‘these J.Vs’ in B linking it to ‘a variety of J.Vs’ in A. C follows B – ‘motivations’ in C linking to ‘motivated’ in B. Choice (2) 55. A follows the given sentence 1 – ‘They have moved mountains ….’ In A logically follows ‘Men have cleared away forests…..’ in 1. C follows A – ‘the progress’ in C refers to the progress mentioned in A (roads, dams, dykes etc). B follows C – gives an example for what is stated inn C. D follows B – elaborating the idea. Choice (4)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
3 4 1 4 2 4 2 3 2 2 4
12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.
1 1 2 3 2 1 4 3 2 4 3
23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.
4 1 2 2 4 3 3 3 1 2 1
34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44.
3 1 4 2 4 3 1 1 4 2 1
45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.
1 3 2 4 1 1 1 3 4 2 4
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