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It is known that each of the Tom, Jerry and Donald is an alternator. As 3 statements are given by each of them, hence there are only two possible combinations, viz True – False – True, or False – True – False. Assume the first and 3rd statement of Tom as “False” and 2nd statement as True. Hence, conclude that the 3 statements of Tom follow the order False - True - False. Tom Jerry Donald Cat Dog Bear X milk meat X honey X milk meat X honey X meat Xhoney milk FTF TFT FTF [14 9 13 10 13] If the building with 10 floors is not in the middle of the buildings which have 13 floors each, then these two buildings [with 13 floors] must be adjacent to each other. But it is contradictory to the given condition. Therefore, the building with 9 floors is not next to Tatatel. In this case, the order of the number of floors from left to right is as below. 14 13 10 13 9 Neither Hutch nor BSNL is at the extreme right end and Airtel is between them. ⇒ Airtel is in the building which has 10 floors, as can be observed in the following arrangement. Tatatel Hutch/BSNL Airtel BSNL/Hutch BPL 14 13 10 13 9 Choice (3) 5. In race I, either A or D was first. In race II, either B or C was first. One person was 1st and 4th in the two races. In the following arrangement, @ means that exactly one person finished 1st and 4th in the two races. Case I Race I Race II A or D 1 4 @ B or C 3 1 Case II Race I Race II A or D 1 3@ B or C 4 1 In case I, either A or D is 1st. Out of B or C, whoever is 1st in Race II cannot be the 4th in race I. This person's position is not 1st and this person's position is worse than the other person between B and C. The same reason is applicable to case II also. Now the person, who stood in the same position, must be 2nd in both races. Case I Race I Race II A or D 1 4 B or C 3 1 ? 2 2 ? 4 3 Case II Race I Race II A or D 1 3 B or C 4 1 ? 2 2 ? 4 3 If A is not 1st in race I, he must be 2nd in both the races, because in exactly one of the races B was ahead of A. But this is not possible, as it is given that A was not in the same position in both the races. ⇒ A was 1st in race I. Choice (1)

Hence, the cat had the honey, the dog ate the meat and the bear drank the milk. If we had the TFT arrangement would give rise to an inconsistency. Choice (1) 2. From the information given, we can deduce the following: (1) Ranjeet is Puja's husband and owns the Yellow car. (2) Radha owns a Blue car. (3) Leena owns a Green car. (4) Rama owns a Red car. (5) Pradeep is not Rama's husband. (6) Pavan is not Radha's husband. The information given in choice (1) and (2) are known to us. Choice (3): Leena is Kamal's wife. ⇒ Pavan is Rama's husband. Pradeep is Radha's husband and colours of their cars is also known along with this information. Choice (4): Pradeep is Radha's husband. We cannot know the names of respective husbands of Leena and Rama with this information. Hence, the answer is (3). Choice (3) 3. Assume that John is to the right of Krishna. ⇒ Ram is to the right of John. ⇒ John is exactly between Rahim and Joseph. ⇒ Ram is to the left of Rahim. This is not possible. ⇒ John is to the left of Krishna and Ram is to the left of John. Rahim and Joseph cannot be next to Krishna. Rahim is at one of the ends. ⇒ The order is Rahim, Joseph, Ram, John, Krishna. Therefore, all the 3 statements are true. Choice (4) 4. It is given that "Tatatel, which has 14 floors, is at the extreme left end" Let us assume that the adjacent building to Tatatel has 9 floors. In this case, the building with 10 floors cannot be in the middle of the buildings with 13 floors each, since, in this case, there will be three instances in which the sum of the floors of the adjacent buildings is 23.

6. It is given that Vikas owns the Green car but does not own Matiz. This implies that Matiz is not the Green car. It is given that Matiz is neither the Yellow car nor the Red car. It is also given that Indica is the Black car. From all these statements, we can infer that Matiz is the Blue car (Since Matiz is not Yellow, Red, Green and Black). Vijay owns the Red car. This implies that Vijay does not own Matiz (since Matiz is Blue). It is given that Venkat owns Uno and Matiz is not owned by Vinay and Vikas. From this we can infer that Matiz is owned by Vikas. This implies that Vilas owns the Blue car. Venkat owns Uno. Uno is not the Black car. Venkat does not own the Blue car, the Green car and the Red car as these are owned by Vilas, Vikas and Vijay respectively. This implies that Venkat owns the Yellow car. This implies that Vinay owns the Black car [as we know that Vinay does not own any of the Blue, Green, Yellow and Red cars]. Vinay owns the Black car. This implies that Vinay owns Indica. It is given that Vikas does not own Maruti. We know that Uno, Indica and Matiz are owned by Venkat, Vinay and Vilas respectively. This implies that Vilas owns Santro, which in turn implies that Vijay owns Maruti [as he does not own any of the other cars]. Let us show the above deductions with the help of the following table. Name of Name of Car Colour of Car the person Vijay Maruti Red Vinay Indica Black Vikas Santro Green Vilas Matiz Blue Venkat Uno Yellow Now by examining the statements given in the choices, we can say that statements in choices (1), (2) and (3) are true but that in choice (4) is false and hence this is the answer. Choice (4) 7. P is the starting point and R is point when Grant hears the sixth whistle.

W5

•

**8. The relationship can be observed clearly with the help of the following diagrammatic representation:
**

Mother B Father Only D-I-L Sister C D Brother Uncle Only Son F

E

Son Husband Father A Wife

Me (nephew or niece)

Since the gender of the author itself is not specified, hence the author is either the nephew or the niece of the person in question. Choice (4) 9. Here, assumption is the second premise (i) All dogs are cats. Assumption : All cats are rats. Choice (1) Conclusion : Some dogs are rats. (ii) (∼ p ⇒ q : ∼ q ⇒ p) Using the second implication, we get: No cats are rats. Assumption : All dogs are rats .Choice (3) Conclusion: No dog is cat. Hence, choice (2) cannot be used as an assumption in any of the given cases. Choice (2) (iii) (q ⇒ p ; ∼ p ⇒ ∼ q) Some dogs are rats. Assumption : All dogs are cats. Choice (4) Conclusion : Some cats are rats. Hence, choice (2) cannot be used as an assumption in any of the given cases. Choice (2) 10. As per the given information, we get the following arrangement : Name TTT H & S PP Kabaddi Tendu x1, x4 x2, x4 Gangu x2, x4 x1, x3 Dravid x1, x3 x1, x4 Dravid >Tendu Viru x1, x4 x1, x4 Winner = 1st rank; 1st runner up = 2nd rank; 2nd runner up = 3rd rank; 3rd runner up = 4th rank. As Dravid’s rank is better than Tendu’s in Kabbadi; Tendu cannot be the winner and Dravid cannot be the 3rd runner up in Kabbadi. Hence, Tendu must be ranked 3rd (2nd runner up) in Kabbadi, hence ranked 2nd (i.e. 1st runner up) in H & S and Viru is ranked 2nd in Kabbadi. Likewise we can complete the arrangement as shown below: Name Tendu Gangu Dravid Viru TTT 4 1 2 3 H&S 2 3 4 1 PP 4 2 3 4 Kabbadi 3 4 1 2 Choice (4)

32Km

R

•

W6

16Km

1Km

**W1 •2Km •W2 P
**

4Km

Q

•

W4

•

8Km

W3

PQ = 32 − 8 + 2 = 26 QR = 1 − 4 + 16 = 13

Choice (2)

All the first three choices are true.

Solutions for questions 11 and 12: After filling the entire grid with the given data, we get the following. Manufacturer Geyser Cooking Range Fridge Washing Machine AC Godrej LG Videocon Samsung Hitachi Warranty Price (in years) (in Rs.) 4 8000 2 6000 1 – 3 – 5 –

14. If Praful is lying, then I is a lie ⇒ today is a Monday. II is a lie ⇒ today is a Wednesday. I and II cannot be lies simultaneously. Let Praful be speaking the truth. I is true ⇒ today is Thursday. II is true ⇒ today is Sunday. I and II cannot be simultaneously true. ∴ such a case is not possible. Choice (4) 15. If it is any day from Monday to Saturday, then exactly one out of Archana and Rachana is lying while the other is speaking the truth. For the given statements, it is required that both be lying OR both be speaking the truth. (Failing which the statements are clearly inconsistent). But as mentioned today cannot be a day from Monday to Saturday, since both cannot lie or speak the truth simultaneously. Therefore, the only possibility being that today is a Friday and both are speaking the truth. ∴ the first one is Archana. Choice (1) Solutions for questions 16 to 18: 16. Choice (3) P and S cannot be tested on rats. S and P cannot be tested on rabbits. ⇒ Q / R can be tested on either rats or rabbits, but exactly which medicine is used to test on exactly which animal, these combinations cannot be found out. Choice (3) 17. As per the instructions, we get the following table: Medicines that can be used: Rat P Q R Rabbit Q R S Cat S P Q Monkey R S P

It is given that Geyser (Rs.8,000) costs the average of all the items. ∴Total cost of all items = 8,000 x 5 = 40,000 ∴Price of Fridge + Washing Machine (WM) + AC = 40,000 – (Geyser + Cooking Range) ∴Fridge + WM + AC = 40,000 – 14,000 = 26,000 Let us assume the price of the Fridge = 10x ⇒ Washing Machine = 9x AC = 7x ∴ 10x + 9x + 7x = 26,000 26x = 26,000 ⇒ x = 1,000 ∴Fridge = 10,000 Washing Machine = 9,000, AC = 7,000 11. Godrej manufactures Geyser. Choice (1) 12. Item with the least warranty is Fridge and it is priced at Rs.10,000. Choice (1) Solutions for questions 13 to 15: On Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays: – Praful tells lies and Karan speaks the truth. On Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays: – Karan tells lies and Praful speaks the truth. On Sundays: – Both Praful and Karan speak the truth. 13. Assume that on the given day Praful is lying. I is a lie ⇒ Praful spoke the truth yesterday. ⇒ Today is a Monday. II is a lie ⇒ Today is a Monday or a Tuesday or a Wednesday (since then two days after tomorrow could be Thursday, Friday or Saturday and he will be speaking the truths). II and I ⇒ Today is a Monday. Now, assume that Praful is not lying. I is true ⇒ Today is Thursday. II is true ⇒ Praful will lie on Sunday. But this is not possible. ∴ Our assumption that Praful was lying is correct and hence the conclusion that today is Monday. Choice (1)

Now in the question it is given that Rat ≠ Q Rat ≠ S ⇒ Rat = P or Rat = R Similarly, Cat ≠ Q Cat ≠ S. ⇒ Cat = P (Since, Cat ≠ R) Then, we get the following table: Rat X P

X Q

Rabbit

X

Cat

X S

Monkey

X R

R X S

X Q

X P

To test on rabbit or cat we know that P is tested on cats and Q is tested on rabbits. Hence, choices (1), (2) and (3) cannot be our answer. S cannot be tested on rabbit or cat, hence choice (4) is our answer, out of the given choices. Choice (4) 18. Rat P Q R Rabbit Q R S Cat S P Q Monkey R S P

21.

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

. . . . . . . . . M . . . . . . .

**If R and Q is used to test on cat and rabbit, then we get the following combination: Rat
**

X Q X R X S

. . . . . . . . . . S . . . . . . .

. . A . . . . . . . M . . . . . S .

. M . A . S

. S

Saturday

. S

Monday

. . . . S . . . . . A .

M . A M S . . A . M S . . A . M S

S S S S . S S Sx . . Sx S S

Mx M✓ M✓ M✓ . . . M✓ M✓ . . . . . M✓ M✓

Rabbit X Q

Cat X S

X P

Monkey X R

X P

From the above table (drawn using the fact that on Monday, Tuesday and Saturday she used Maruti, Scooter and Scooter respectively), get only seven possible ways of choosing the conveyance schedule. Choice (1) Solutions for questions 22 and 23:

Here, Cat = Q. Now, in second case, if P and R are used to test on cat and rabbit, then we get the following arrangement. Rat X P

X R

We have the following data: (a) The first to marry was Gabbar, who got married in Feb, 2000. (b) Basanti got married 6 months after Dhanno got married. (c) Tapori is the youngest.

Rabbit X Q

X S

Cat X S

X Q

Monkey X R

X P

(d) Bachhu was born after 16 months of his parents’ marriage, but not to Basanti. Choice (4) (e) Mogambo was the last man to get married, (in Sept, 2000) and was blessed with a son after 16 months of marriage. (f) Mehbooba gave birth to a child after 2 years of marriage. (g) Chaanta was born in January, 2002. (h) No boy was born within one year of his parents’ marriage or between Aug and Dec, (both included). From the given information, we get the following initial arrangement: Marrie d X Basanti Feb, 1. Gabbar (from (a) 2000 and (b)) (a) Husband Wife 2. Shakaal X Jan, Sept, Chaanta 3. Mogambo Mehboob 2000 2000 (g) and (e) a (e) Child Born on

Here, Cat = P. Hence, Cat = either P or Q. Solutions for questions 19 to 21:

Monday - Maruti Tuesday - Scooter Saturday - Scooter (Since Ambassador is not available and since M is used on Monday it could not have been used on Saturday (Maruti has to be followed by Scooter)). 19. Ambassador - Thursday Scooter - Friday Tuesday & Friday she cannot use Scooter if Wednesday & Thursday she uses Ambassador. Choice (3) 20. (S & M not possible) Scooter - Friday => Wed : Scooter Thur : Ambassador Fri : Scooter Sat : Scooter In any other sequence, at least one condition will be violated. Choice (2)

Now Basanti could have got married in Aug 2000, which is six months from Feb, 2000. But 16 months from Aug is Dec and 2 years from Aug is Aug, that is when her son would be born, but this violates condition (h). Hence, Basanti must have married in Sept, 2000, i.e 6 months from Mar, 2000 in which Shakaal got married to Dhanno. Hence, Mehbooba got married to Gabbar and gave birth to a child after 2 years, who is also the youngest i.e, Tapori, then, Bachhu must have been born to Shakaal & Dhanno after 16 months of their marriage i.e. in July, 2002. Hence, the final arrangement is as given below: Married in 1. Gabbar Mehbooba Feb, 2000 Mar, 2. Shakaal Dhanno 2000 Sept, 3. Mogambo Basanti 2000 Husband Wife Born in Tapori Feb, 2002 Bachhu July, 2002 Chaanta Jan, 2002 Child

25. We need to calculate the number of children reading exactly two first. We get adding up all the rows, as shown below. 20 + 20 + 20 = 20 + 1 + (b + j + d + l + 9) + m + o ⇒ 60 = 30 + (b + j + d + l) + m + o ---- (1) Similarly adding the values 60 = 30 + (b + j + d + l) + a + i ---- (2) From (1) + (2) 120 = 60 + 2 (b + j + d + l) + 20 ⇒ (b + j + d + l) = 20 (... m + o + a + i = 1 = 20) ⇒ (2) = b + j + d + l + e + n = 38 Those reading at least one = 1 + 20 + 38 + 20 = 79. Choice (2) Solutions for questions 26 and 27: For solving these questions, the symbol ‘–’means ‘married’ and ‘x’ means ‘did not marry’. Let us take down the information as given below. (a) Either Laila Romeo or Ranjha Heer (b) Farhad (Paaro or Heer) (c) Devdas Juliet, only if Paaro Farhad (d) Majnu x Juliet We get the following initial arrangements: Heer x x x • (d) x x x Laila • (d) x Juliet x x (e) x x Siri • (d) x • (d) x x Paaro x x x • (d) x

22. Gabbar, Mehbooba & Tapori form a correct family. Choice (3) 23. Bacchu was born in July 2002. Choice (3) Solutions for questions 24 and 25:

HB 40 1 a 20 2 b 20 4 3 c 20 2 d 1 20 2 3 4 3 h 1 g 2 l 3 k 2 3 f 9 e 2 j 9 n 2 1 o ND 40 1 i 1 FF 40

m

40 SS

Ranjha Majnu Romeo Farhad Devdas

→ exactly one novel 20 20 → exactly two novels → exactly three novels → exactly four novels

From the above, we conclude that Devdas marries Juliet, and hence Paaro marries Farhad (c). This means that Majnu marries Heer. Now, Ranjha is not married to Heer. Hence, Romeo must be married to Laila; hence, Ranjha must be married to Siri (d). We get the following pairs of married couples. Ranjha – Siri Majnu – Heer Romeo – Laila Farhad – Paaro Devdas – Juliet 26. Farhaad and Paaro form the correct married couple. Choice (2) 27. We know that Ranjha and Romeo must marry Siri and Laila (not necessarily in that order). But now owing to the new condition, we get only the following additional implication “If Laila did not marry Ranjha, then Heer did not marry Romeo”, which still is not enough to determine who among Romeo and Ranjha marries Siri. Hence, the correct choice “connot be determined”. Choice (4)

From given information, e = n = 9, and g = 1. Also since the number of children reading any novel is same = x, say, and total number of children = y, then given number of children who do not read Nancy Drew = y – x = 40, and this = number of children who read Hardy boys = 40 = x. ⇒ y – x = x ⇒ x = 40, and y = 80 Hence as seen in the Venn diagram we get the values shown. 24. We get e + f + g + h = 20 and e + g = 10 ⇒ f + h = 10 Similarly c + k = 10 ⇒ f + c + k + h = 20, which is children reading exactly three novels. Choice (2)

Solutions for questions 28 and 29: It is known that: (a) Batman neither sits adjacent nor sits opposite to Robin. (b) Superman sits between flash Gordon and Phantom (this will give rise to two arrangements) (c) Heman sits opposite Superman and adjacent to Mandrake, who sat directly opposite Phantom. Hence, we get the following arrangements: Case – I Flash sits to the left of Superman

Heman Mandrake Batman /Robin Flash Gordon Batman/Robin Spiderman Phantom Superman

As there are two ties they must be between A, NZ, I and P, but not SA. Now we can have the following possibilities of ties: Case I: I ties with A, then NZ ties with P. Team A SA I NZ P Win (SA/NZ), P Lose (SA or NZ) Tie I – A P NZ

(A or NZ), P (A or NZ), I SA, NZ, P (A or SA) – – (A or SA), I A, SA, I

Case II: I ties with NZ, A ties with P. Team A SA I Win SA,NZ NZ, P A, SA, P P – Lose I A,I – A, SA I, SA, NZ Tie P – NZ I A

**Case – II Phantom sits to the left of Superman
**

Heman Batman/Robbin Mandrake Batman/Robbin Flash Superman

NZ P

Spiderman Phantom

Case III: I ties with P, A ties with NZ. Team A SA I NZ P Win SA, P NZ, P A, SA, NZ P – Lose I A, I – SA, I A, SA, NZ Tie NZ – P A I

28. As can be observed in the above possibilities, the Spiderman must be seated adjacent to the Phantom. Choice (3) 29. The position of Batman and Robin are not fixed, hence choices (1) and (2) cannot be correct. As in case II, Spiderman sits to the left of the Phantom; hence even choice (3) is incorrect. Choice (4) Solutions for questions 30 and 31: Let us take the first letter of the name of each team to represent its name. Now, it is given that (i) A + I = 12 (ii) I + SA = 11 (iii) NZ + I = 10 (iv) I + P = 8 Adding the above four equations, we get: A+ SA + 4I + NZ + P = 41 ………. (1) The total number of games played is = 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 10. Each game is worth two points, hence total points = 10 x 2 = 20 or A + SA + I + NZ + P = 20 ……….. (2) Comparing with equation (1) and (2), we get: 3I = 21 or I = 7 (3 wins, 1 tie) ⇒ A = 5, SA = 4, NZ = 3, P=1 (2 win, 1tie) (2 wins) (1 win, 1 tie) (1 tie)

30. SA wins against A only in Case I, in which NZ ties with P. Choice (3) Alternate Solutions 30. Since SA won against A and also against P (since has only one tie i.e., lost 4 matches and further SA has no ties), SA has 4 points from these two wins. Now SA could not have any more victories, hence it must have lost to I and NZ. But now NZ has won only one match (which we have just proved is one SA) ⇒ NZ, which could have either won or tied with P, must have tied with P. Choice (3) 31. Total number of arrangements Case I =2 Case II =1 Case III =1 -------4 --------

Choice (3)

Alternate solution 31. Following the same line of reasoning as the above solution, SA won two matches one of which is definitely over P, the other could be over: A → then P ties with Z (others can be determined uniquely). → I then P ties with Z (others can be determined uniquely). NZ, then i) P ties with Z (others can be determined uniquely), OR ii) P loses with Z (others can be determined uniquely). ∴ Totally 1 + 1 + 2 = 4 Choice (3) Solutions for questions 32 and 33: The given statements are: A : B has the apple. B has the banana. B : A doesn’t have the banana. A has the apple.

Solutions for questions 34 and 35: Let us note the information as shown below: (a) Four friends, Andy (A), Brandy (B), Candy (C) and Dandy (D), are compared in terms of their heights, weights, ages and richness. (b) All of them are alternators (TF or FT). (c) A = richest, but A ≠ youngest. (d) B = shortest, but B ≠ heaviest. (e) Poorest ≠ 3rd Eldest. (f) 2nd richest = 2nd shortest. (g) A ≠ Liar and D ≠ TT. From (c), we find that the second statement made by Brandy is true, which means that Brandy’s first statement is false. As A is the richest, A cannot be the eldest (every person gets different ranks in all comparisons), hence D’s first statement is true and the second statement is false. Hence, D is the poorest. From (d) and (f), B the shortest, is not the 2nd richest, which must be C, who is also the second shortest or the third tallest. This means that D is taller than C, hence B’s statement is false. As A can’t be the tallest (he is already the richest), hence D must be the tallest and A is the 2nd tallest. From (c), C is the youngest and A is the lightest and the third eldest. Similarly, D is not the eldest, hence B is the eldest and C is the heaviest. We get the following arrangements: Ranks 1 2 Age B D A C Weight C B D A Height D A C B Richness A C B D Choice (1)

Let us study the choices and eliminate the incorrect choices: 32. (1) We can have an arrangement in which A’s statements are true and false in that order, and B’s statement are both false, which defers the statements given in choice (1). (2) Both A and B cannot be liars as the first statement of A is the same as the second statement given by B, and one of them must have the banana. Hence, at least one of A and B tells at least one truth. (3) This means that both A and B are liars, which is not possible. (4) This suggests that both A and B are alternators (i.e., one truth and one lie), which defies the arrangement mentioned in (1). Hence, only choice (2) is correct. Choice (2) 33. (1) Defies the initial condition. (2) Is correct as either A’s both statements are true and B’s statements are true and false, in that order, or both of B’s statements are true and A’s statements are false and true, in that order. (3) Is incorrect as per the arrangement given above. Is incorrect as in the second arrangement mentioned in (2). Choice (2)

3 4

34. Andy is the second tallest.

35. The correct order from heaviest to the lightest is: Candy, Brandy, Dandy and Andy. Choice (4) Solutions for question 36 and 37: 36. There are five possibilities 2 Blue + 0 Red + 4 Green → say a ways 2 Blue + 1 Red + 3 Green → say b ways 2 Blue + 2 Red + 2 Green → say c ways 2 Blue + 3 Red + 1 Green → (from symmetry) b ways 5. 2 Blue + 4 Red + 0 Green → (from symmetry) a ways ⇒ Total number of ways = a + b + c + b + a Consider 1. 2. 3. 4.

1.

(i) G G G B B G

(ii) B G G B G G

→ 2 ways

Blue adjacent

+

(ii) R

Blue opposite

(iii) B R G B G

2.

(i) G

Let the actual time on Tuesday be 6 pm, which is 3½ days from 6 a.m. Saturday. Hence, 7 days → 42 min gain 3½ days → 21 min gain Overall gain = 21 − 14 = 7 min i.e. 6:07 pm, which is given in the question. Hence, our initial assumption i.e., 6 pm was correct. Choice (2) 40. 1st August, 2018 – Wednesday. 26th January, 1997 ------- ? Working out backwards, the no. of years from 15th Aug, 2008 to 15th August, 1977 = 2018 − 1977 = 41 years. No. of leap years = 41/4 = 10. No. of non-leap years = 41 − 10 = 31. Total no. of odd days in these 41 years = 10 × 2 + 3 × 1 = 20 + 31 = 51 ≡ 2 odd days. Now, working out the no. of odd days backwards from 15th August to 26th January of 1977. Aug Jul Jun May Apr Mar Feb Jan 0 3 2 3 2 3 0 6 ↑ (14 days from 15th August to 1st August) (6 days from 31st January to 26th January) = 10 ≡ 5 odd days. Total odd days = 2 + 5 = 7 ≡ 0 Hence, 26th January, 1977 was a Wednesday. Choice (2) Solutions for questions 41 and 42: From the given instructions, we get the following arrangements. Name Colour Smoke Pet Religion Alfa Blue Beta Bidis (A) (A) Gamma Delta Theta Pipe (A) Non-smoker (H)

R G G B B + G B B G G

→ 3 ways

Blue adjacent

+

(ii) G B

G

Blue opposite

(iii) R B

3.

+ R B R

G

+ G B G

R

Blue adjacent

(iv) B R G B G R (v) B R G B R G

+

+

→ 5 ways

∴Total = 2 + 3 + 5 + 3 + 2 = 15 ways Choice (3) Note : Configuration 3(i) and 3 (ii) though almost similar are not so as they can be distinguished from one another. (How?) 37. For three faces painted blue the following are the possibilities. 1. 3 Blue + 0 Red + 3 Green → a ways 2. 3 Blue + 1 Red + 2 Green → b ways (where a =d 3. 3 Blue + 2 Red + 1 Green → b ways and b = c) 4. 3 Blue + 3 Red + 0 Green → a ways From earlier solution we get b = 3 ways and for cases:

G B G B B G B B G B G G

Blue opposite

→ 2 ways

3 Blue adjacent

+

3 Blue in a row

∴Total number of ways = 2 + 3 + 3 + 2 = 10 ways ∴ for exactly 2 Blue → 15 ways ∴ for exactly 3 Blue → 10 ways -------------for either 2 or 3 Blue → 25 ways Choice (4) -------------Solutions for questions 38 to 40: 38. Let the edge of the big cube = a units. Then the edge of each small cube = a/4 units. Comparing the surface areas 6a2 = 5(a/4)2 × 64 ⇒ 3 : 10 3 × 2.5 = 7.5 litres. ∴ 10 × 2.5 = 25 litres. Choice (2) 39. The time gained by the watch in one week = 14 + 28 = 42 min.

Further: (1) Green ↔ Cigar ↔ Dino ↔ Hindu (2) White ↔ Rhino ↔ Sikh (3) Non-Smoker ↔ Ant ↔ Jain (4) Yellow ↔ Cigarette ↔ Christian Since Delta is not a Hindu we get Alpha is the Hindu and thus the final arrangement looks like Name Colour Smokes Pet Religion Alfa Green Cigar Dinosaur Hindu Beta Blue Bidis Muslim White Pipe Rhino Sikh Gamma Delta Yellow Cigarette Christian Theta Red Non-smoker Ant Jain 41. Since the Rhino owner does not smoke bidis, Delta cannot own the Anaconda, hence he owns the Tyrannosaur. Choice (2) 42. From the above table. Choice (1)

Solutions for questions 43 to 46: 43. The given paragraph says that in India the state has a monopoly over roads and politicians have the power to allocate resources for the development of roads. Politicians act according to the public choice theory, that is, they are interested only in re-election and will spend resources to draw the maximum electoral mileage. Now let us look at the choices. Choice (1) is the right answer. By allowing private sector into highway construction we are ending the state monopoly and thereby a development of roads is possible without catering to the self-interest of politicians. Choice (2) is wrong because equitable distribution of funds will not prevent politicians from using funds to their benefit. Choice (3) is incorrect because even if we give the power of fund allocation to bureaucrats, politicians have a control over them and thus it will not solve the problem. Choice (4) is no solution because increasing the quantum of funds will not ensure its proper utilization. Choice (1) 44. As per the given paragraph good ideas are in plenty. The challenge for companies is to retain talented people who can stay ‘at the forefront of new paradigms and techniques that affect their clients’ business’. In other words they must be able to implement the ideas. Thus choice (3) is right. Choice (1) is wrong because it is not sufficient to keep pace with developments but to be able to use them. Choice (2) is not the right answer because we are not considering whether an idea is original or copied. Choice (4) is incorrect because there is no comparison between the present and the past. Choice (3) 45. The paragraph says that any fiscal deficit is met through a cut in the plan investment. It goes on to say that pruning plan investment for the third consecutive year is remote. This implies that there were deficits and plan investments were cut the last two years. Hence choice (2) is the right inference. Choice (1) cannot be inferred because nothing has been said about the government’s commitment to economic growth or recovery. Choice (3) is wrong because the paragraph only says pessimists have linked fiscal deficit with plan investment – they have not predicted anything. Choice (4) is incorrect because higher plan investment is not given as the reason for fiscal deficit. Choice (2) 46. The given paragraph says Marxists believe that the nature of man is determined by how the necessities of life are produced. His consciousness and mentality is linked to social situation and economic relation. Choice (1) is wrong because nothing is said about religion.

Choice (2) is wrong because ‘economic relation’ is mentioned in the paragraph. So we can’t say economic transactions have no place. Choice (3) is right. Choice (4) can be ruled out because God has not been mentioned in the passage. Choice (3) Solutions for question 47 to 50: 47. It is given that A wears Black shirt means A cannot wear black trouser, blue trouser, white trouser. Hence he wears either Red or Green trouser. Similarly, D wears Green shirt means he cannot wear green trouser, black trouser, white trouser. Hence, he wears either Red or Black trouser. It is also given that D does not wear Black trouser. Hence, D wears Red trouser and A wears Green trouser. It was also given that neither B nor E wears the Blue trouser. Hence, C wears the Blue trouser. Choice (2) 48. To find the date on which the second Sunday of December 5002 will fall we need to know the day of the week for some date in December 5002 (take 1st December). From 24/11/2002 to 24/11/5002 we have 3000 years = 7 x 400 + 2 x 100 ⇒ 3 odd days. i.e., 24/11/5002 is a Wednesday. Hence, December 1st 5002 will be a Wednesday and December 5th is the first Sunday Choice (1) and 12th the second. 49. Dardedil → DD Dardejigar → DJ From (a), we come to know that DD does not have a heart-pain, as each person suffers from a different ailment. From (b), we find that as DD does not have heartpain, DJ will not have a stomach-ache. From (c), we find that DD does not got a heart-pain, hence DJ will got a headache. Choice (3) 50. Cow boys Dardnaak District Weapon Title X The Good (b)

Khaufnaak X Shaanpur(b) Khatarnaak X Nanchak(a) X Aanpur (a) X Rampuri X Shaanpur (e) Chakku (c)

From the above information, we find that Khatarnak uses Desi Katta, is from Baanpur and Khaufnaak is from Aanpur, uses Rampuri Chakku and is “The Ugly”. Hence, we complete the arrangement, as given below: Cowboys District Dardnaak Shaanpur Khaufnaak Aanpur Khatarnaak Baanpur Weapon Nanchak Rampuri Chakku Desi Katta Title The Bad The Ugly The Good Choice (2)

Key

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1 3 4 3 1 4 2 4 1 4 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 1 1 1 4 1 3 4 4 3 2 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 1 3 3 2 2 2 4 3 4 3 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 3 2 2 1 4 3 4 2 2 3 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 2 1 1 3 2 3 2 1 3 2

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