Civil Air Patrol Historical Monograph

NUMBER ONE .

1984

DUCK CLUB

NATIONAL HISTOR ICAl COMMITTEE Headquarters CA P

DUCK CLUB

AN IN-DEPTH

STUDY OF CIVIL AIR PATROL'S

DUCK CLUB MEMBERSHIP

BY

COLONEL

LESTER

E. HOPPER,

CAP

CAP NATIONAL

HISTORICAL

COMMITTEE

MONOGRAPH

SERIES

NUMBER

ONE

1984

CIVIL

AIR PATROL

DUCK CLUB EMBLEM

PREFACE

Survival

is one of man's

strongest

instincts.

When the need for voluntarily exposwe en-

survival is the direct result of individuals ing themselves to situations valor. where survival

is paramount

counter uncommon undertakes volunteered

It is in this light that the author special tribute to those who safety in jeopardy in order

this means of paying

to place their personal

to serve their country

in time of its need.

Insofar as practical plete. Any omissions

after forty years the compilat~on are purely

is com-

the result of the author's On some individuals selected are in order

limited ability to be complete. information is not available..

Therefore,

apologies

in the event that someone has been overlooked, is not included. The important

or that some data

thing is that over a hundred of and several of their

these, true patriots

have been identified

stories told in some detail.

L. E. Hopper COL CAP National Historian March 1984

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Primary work

credit

for much of the unglamorous
goes to fellow

portion

of this of in the bases so that

justifiably

CAPer G. Jude Miller contribution has been

Lafayette, taking

Louisiana.

Miller's

of many

list$ of names,

rank, serial numbers,
presented

and the like and organizing they are more useable. proficient generation

in the manner

A product

of the current his personal analysis.

technically computer his in

he programmed

such a manner

as to afford various

Without

help this work would

not have been possible.

special

thanks

are certainly

due to fellow members Committee, recounted as well

of the Civil as those

Air Patrol's individuals author.

National

Historical

who have personally

their

story to the

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter Uncommon Valor 1
2

The Duck Club Duck Club Membership Active List

3
4

Duty Base of Members

Home State of Members Footnotes

5

CHAPTER

1

UNCOMMON

VALOR

All who have acquainted

flown single

engine

land based

aircraft

are well

with the phenomenon to begin

of a normally
rough when unreliability

smooth running
flown over open of aircraft and throw in by less than

engine appearing water.

running

Add to this the relative of the late 1930rs under, many civilian begin times,

power plants maintenance

and early 1940rs primative

conditions

fully trained appreciation have been Coastal 1943.

volunteers.

Only now can some small the thoughts that must

to develop

as regards

in mind of the aircrews operations between

who flew Civil Air Patrol's March

Patrol

5, 1942 and August
basis

31,

To fly under these conditions
an act of heroism. constitutes

on an infrequent To do it almost valor

would be in itself 17 months certainly

daily

for

uncommon

on the part of in

these civilian

flyers who rushed

to the aid of their country

its time of great need.

The fact that they flew 86,6851 missions hours is well documented. aircraft

for a total of 244,6002 903 in-

In the course of this operation,
in 264 fatalities

were lost resulting

and 75 serious

juries were sustained.

Of the 90 aircraft 1497 aircrew

it is estimated These

that 746 re-

were lost at sea involving

men.

statistics

veal that 123 air crew men survived
forced landing at sea.

the harrowing their

experience

of a

Most all continued

flight activities

1

In at least the threeS DiCarlo

cases of Lieutenants some survived

H. A. Coller,

L. J.

and R. L. Wagstaff

a second time.

Probably

not the first of these are9:

survivors,

but certainly

numbered C. L.

among the earliest

First Lieutenants

J. R. Schlager,

Savage and J. L. Fletcher. flying routine Parksley, patrol

In the first week of June Patrol

1942 while 4 at

from CAP Coastal Schlager's

Base Number

Virginia,

Pilot

personally

owned Fairchild at sea.

had an engine

failure

due to vapor

lock and was ditched

After two hours of flight

the aircraft's

left tank was completely Thus a hard earned lesson be required to fly from

dry and the right tank refused to flow.
was learned. alternating Another shortly In the future, tanks rather than pilots would

from both tanks

simultaneously. exposure. Rules were such

lesson learned

was one of minimizing the inclusion

issued prohibiting Fletcher

of student

observers

as Lieutenant Fortunately,

as aircrew members rescued within

on actual missions.

all three were

an

hour and a half.

"On July 21, 1942 at approximately Mission at position NCl9l44 latitude

16:50 while

on regular

Patrol

3806 - longitude Shelfus

7455 in a Warner we crashed

Fairchild at sea.

with

Lt. Charles consciousness

as observer

On regaining

in the water

I found the ship is not told by

had sunk and I could not find Lt. Shelfuslt•10 the writer, several Lieutenant Henry T. Cross,

What

is that he had suffered in itself Rehoboth, Crewed. Edmonu re-

fractured

vertebrae effort

and that his rescue would Within 55 minutes

sult in a heroic Delaware

by others.

Base 2's Sikorsky Major

Amphibian

arrived

on the scene.

by Base Commander,

Hugh R. Sharp, Jr. and Lieutenant 2

Edwards this venerable its landing

old aircraft

encountered

difficulty

in

in 8 to 10 foot swells. left pontoon

Due to a rough and begin
by Major

landing,

the Sikorsky's water. What

was damaged

to fill with Sharp.

followed

is best described

"After landing was unable on account of rough sea.

to locate Finally

survivor

for several minutes Cross at several

sighted

Pilot

hundred yards distance waves. Encountered

while

he and 'Amphibian were on crests 'of
in making the downwind turns

sorn~ difficulty

to reach the victim,

but this was finally accomplished,

and a first

attempt was made to taxi the ship up to victim. attempt, however, we misjudged the strength we were

On this first

of the wind and were On

blown away from the victim second try, however, victim who was unable

before

able to grasp him.

we were

successful

in grabbing

ahold of the was thrown to

to hold on to the rope which The observer,

him because of his injury. lifted Pilot Cross

Lt. Edwards,

however,

from the water

and helped

him into the ship, and the violent

which was no easy task because pitching of the Amphibiann•l1

of the rough water

"Remained til 18:20.

in water

at location

searching

for Observer and with

Shelfus Cross in

un-

There being no signs of Shelfus

serious conditionl possible.

it was deemed wise to get to shore as soon as
for takeoff, we started taxi-

As the sea was too rough course at 18:20. Edwards

ing on westerly float sank.

At upproximately

18:25 port wing bomb rack for

Observer

went out to starboard

balance, where he stayed uncomplainingly at Chincoteague at about

until the ship was beached morning. This was no

01:30 the following
3

eas¥ task for Observer of his clothing

Edwards

for he had stripped

off almost all At intervals

in order

to give them to Pilot Cross. immersed

all during the night, which waves

he was completely

in the sea during

flowed over the starboard

wing

float to which the bomb

rack was attached,

and to say the least, he was far from comfortable down".12

from cold after the sun went

"Laid course

for coastal

buoy No. 3 planning

to tie up to it for the

the night, not having nearest harbor. ported by radio

sufficient

gas to taxi to Chincoteague,

By tieing

to the buoy, our position

could be re-

so that fast Coast Guard boat could rush Cross to aid".l3

shore for medical

liOnapproaching

No.3

buoy, we were met by Coast Guard picket

boatll•14

"Condition of sea made

transfer

of Cross unwise".lS

"Seaplane was taken Chincoteague,

in tow by picket

boat at 19:50 and towed

to

arriving

about 23:45".16

Uncommon valor? posing himself,

Certainly

on the part of Lieutenant so for Major

Cross

for ex-

but even more

Sharp and Lieutenant were later

Edwards for their heroic

rescue.

Sharp and Edwards

awarded CAP 1 s Blue Mer it.Emblem of President 1943. Roosevelt·at

and the Air Meda 1 from the hands House ceremony in February of

a White

Roosevelt's

comments

to Sharp that this was the first time is fitti.ng tribute in itself.17 for service

that he had awarded Certainly

this medal

it was the first such award to civilians
4

with the armed additional

forces.

These

two were not the last in that an awarded to other Coastal Patrol-

824 Air MedalslB country

were

men by a grateful

in mid 1948~

At this time Sharp and Cluster19 although for their preunable to fly to Civil

Edwards were awarded viously

the First Oak-Leaf As a postscript, Cross

awarded Medal.

due to his injuries, Air Patrol's Coastal

Lieutenant Patrol

later transferred 14 at Panama

Base Number

City, Florida

as its operation

officer.

The fact that many other continued to expose

survivors

of forced

landings

at sea supported stationed 20 crashes. Frank

themselves involving

to further

risk is well

by the two crashes

Lieutenant

Louis J. DiCarlo

at Base 9 on Grand Lieutenant DiCarlo

Isle, Louisiana. suffered

On September

17, 1942

the first of his two hazardous

Flying the dusk patrol Serwich detected

on that date Pilot DiCarlo

and Observed Rearwin of the

oil corning from the firewall lets tUrn to a contemporary understand

of their account

Cloudster. incident

Again,

so that we may better

the happenings

of the day.

"Several minutes noticed

after DiCarlo through

had been

separated

from Sutton, headed

he

oil coming

the firewall.

He immediately Serwich

the ship toward mike, yelled position.

the nearest

point on land, while times,

grabbed

the

"MAYDAY"

several

and gave their to sink slowly

approximate as DiCarlo tried

The oil pressure

started

to climb the ship. to zero. Serwich

He reached continued

1000 feet when

the pressure

dropped got

to try to reach the base, but never later parts started

a IIROGER" on his r~port. from under the cowling

A few seconds

to fly DiCarlo

and then the engine 5

flew to pieces.

glided down toward up and made a tail a terrific

the water,

levelled

off, then brought They

the nose

first landing

on the waves. jug which

struck with

impact and the glass at once,

held the silver marker
and observer

slick fluid broke bright

splattering

the pilot

with

silver paint.

At the same time the antenna around

wire whipped neck,

around the front of the ship, and caught momentarily strangling him. Serwich

DiCarlo's

quickly

pulled

out his huntbetween the

ing knife anq severed

the wire.

In the 35 seconds and the time that

time that the ship hit the water the waves,

it sunk beneath

both men fought their way out of the ship and inflated dragging along the canvas motor They each hood which clenched them had

their Mae Wests, been laying

in the back of the plane. between their

opposite from being the

ends of this canvas separated

teeth, which

kept

as they swam clear of the wreckage. of the muddy Mississippi

DiCarlo water,

guided

pair on the outside the current would

because

he knew swelling

carry

them out to sea.

Through

the dark,

waters the two men swam, tying their Mae Wests become separated".2l

together

so as not to

"Back at the base, Joe sat thinking certain were down somewhere old, a thin, almost sickly

of the two men

that he was now 38 years 37 years old, that these

in the Gulf; Louis looking man; Frank Pretty

DiCarlo, Serwich,

a 6 footer who weighed two could last a night felt an overpowering

only 150 lbs_ in the water

slim chance

or make their

way to land: Joe at

urge to do something,

but there was nothing

all that he could do".22

"DiCarlo and Serwich were

in the water 6

two hours

now,

still moving

toward land and steering men were weakening,

clear

of the Mississippi

current.

Both and As

but continued toward

to lie on their Mae Wests

paddle with their hands time wore on Serwich, hausted, and DiCarlo up right

shore in the complete of the two, became

darkness. nearly exto keep him

the weaker

had to pull and shove him along there. Just about when DiCarlo

from giving

was ready to

give up, they sighted strength they hoisted swimming

the seawall themselves

and with what was more guts than onto land and lay there exhausted. hours. As they lay their shouts.

They had been

for four and one-half small boats passed,

on the seawall, Finally

several

not hearing

they were able to attract flashed

the attention

of a small Coast

Guard boat, which As the searchlight silver objects two men were

its searchlights

up and down the seawall. hit two bright The

swung up and down,

it suddenly

that shone like Greek gods in the black night. by the marker fluid, which

still covered

they can
23

thank for saving them from cold and exposure

on the seawall".

liThe two men were picked where because

up by the Coast Guard

and taken to Burwood, they were placed soon verified amidst great

they had lost all identification, arrest. and that
A

under technical who they were, jubilation

telephone

call to the base

same phone

call was received 24

by the members

of the base".

Thus goes the story of DiCarlo's quite as dramatic, tainly demonstrates h era. DiCarlors

first

"dunking".

Although

not

actions

during

his second one cerof a true bl ra d i t rOll e 10 Michael

that he had all of the ingredients
.. 194225 a f ter exper~enc~ng

Ear 1y on D ecem b er 18, NC29013

in Fairchild

Pilot DiCarlo 7

accompanied

by Observed

L. Heim found it necessary Subsequent to the necessary a rough

to return repairs

to Grand to their

Isle for repairs. radio DiCarlo and

Heim encountered They returned for flight. taxied

engine while

attempting

to take off.

to the hangar where

the engine

was found to be safe day DiCarlo

So for the third time on that fateful This time he made over the Gulf, to make water

for departure.

it, but not for long.
the Fairchild's engine

At about 200 feet, already stopped completely. skillfully craft effected unable another

it back to land, DiCarlo Upon impact the airhimself re-

ditching.

flipped over trapping

both he and Heim.

Freeing

from his seat belt he noticed leasing his seat belt.

that Heim was having Heim

difficulty

Only after assisting

in the removal

of his seat belt did DiCarlo surface and safety.

leave the aircraft

and swim to the

Cool thinking between

has long been accepted

among pilots

as the difference disastera Cool on

survival

and death at the time of impending R. Reynolds certainly

action on the part of Wiley

was evident

July 11, 1943:60n
Reynolds patrol

that date. at about two in the afternoon Lieutenant NC39496.

Pilot

and his observer,

R. J. Cohn, were on routine Reynolds' first person

from Base

3 in Stinson

description

of the disaster

is as follows:

"Engine started missing a couple of smoke low and circled

and losing power

at about

1500 ft.

Dropped

flares to get wind direction. Occupants safe. of craft

Saw small craft beus to drop our I

near. bomb

signaled

100 lb. demolition

As I got close

to the water

8

pulled on full flaps, troIs.

shut off ignition

and hauled

back on conback to Landwho did

Ocean was calm.

Plane nosed over, then sinking

settled

float about 8 minutes ing craft picked

before

in 150 ft. of water.

us up in about

5 minutes. inflated I opened

My observer,

not know how to swim, kept cool, held on to plane wing and raft.

his one man raft and door on left side and

swam around to my observer.
and Alex Thomson was circling

All this time my cousin,

Harry Bassett
base but We

in a companion

plane

calling

could not be heard at Lantana arrived in Fort Pierce about

due to local thunderstorms. an hour later".27

Worthy

of note is the last crash in Coastal Patrol

at sea of a Civil operations. Just

Air Patrol thirty

Air-

craft engaged

days short 31, 1943 31, 1943 28

of the termination an aircrew

of coastal

patrol

operations

on August of July

took a dunking. W. L. Grier,

Late

in the afternoon

with Lieutenant Fullerton, occurred.

Jr. as pilot and Flight Officer W. A.
74 crashes were rescued returned at sea by a small unhurt to

Jr. as observer Fortunately,

the last of CAP's and Fullerton

Grier

navy craft within Cape May.

an hour and a half.

Both were

9

------~_

.... __

.

__

..

-.

__ ._

CHAPTER

2

THE DUCK CLUB

Long a tradition viduals Military

in European

armies

the recognition

of ,indiStates

for special

acts had its beginning for MilitarYMerit.~ Merit were

in the United

with The Badge

-Orders creating

the Badge for Military Army on August it was awarded 7, 1782.

issued by the Continental shaped piece of cloth, gallantry.

A simple heart involved

to all ranks

in acts of unusual

George Washington liTheroad to glory alln• Certainly,

wrote when he established in a patriot

this first award, is open to some 160 be a

army and free country

it is then fitting

that the form taken patriots

years later to recognize simple cloth device.

Civil Air Pat~olls

would

Some form of recognition morale of the civilian Submarine

was badly needed airmen so valiantly Waters.

to help

the sagging the Axis of

fighting

fleet in our Coastal

Already,

by March

1943, some 512 aircraft fatalities perience

had been

lost at sea resulting the harrowing

in 163 ex-

and 874 aircrew

men surviving

of a crash on water. (Jack) Vilas

It was at that time that Lieutenant the award to be presented to

Colonel L. A.

conceived

all who survived. the Army Air Corps designer

Designated

the "Duck Club" Club.

the idea paralleled

famed Caterpillar

The name of the actual of history, but

of the award has been thought

lost in the pages

it has been commonly

that Colonel

Vilas was the designer.

10

Utilizing

the prevailing

Blue Civil Air Patrol Disc as a backa red duck sitting on the water which Civil Air Patrol that it

ground, the emblem portrays is represented

by a series of blue wavy lines. II, Number

Bulletin, Volume

15 of April 9, 1943 specifies

is to be worn below the flap of the left pocket of the shirt or blouse. Subsequently, CAP RulesS specified both the 2~ inch version. The metallic silver

diameter cloth badge and a 1 inch metallic version was produced
by Bastian

in blue and red enamel over sterling of Rochester, New York.

Brothers

Indications controlled

are that the distribution by Headquarters

of the award was carefully

Civil Air Patrol using a handwritten forwarded to individuals

and typed listing.6

They were generally

in care of their respective were transmitted active duty.

Base Commanders.

In some cases, they

direct to individuals

who were no longer on of the typical military

Quoted below is the content the emblem.

style letter which transmitted

11

1.

It is recorded

at National

Headquarters

that in the service

of the Civil Air Patrol you were in an airplane which had a forced landing on water while on an active duty missionl,.7

..2.

Just as everyone

who has ever bailed out of an airplane of the Caterpillar

is

one of the fellowship of the Duck Club".8

Club, it is our thought shall be a member

that every member who shares your experience

II

3.

In token of your membership
11

in this select fraternity,

I

inclose here~ith the left pocket

an emblem which of your uniform,

you are entitled

to wear on

half an inch below the flap. that you are still with us to it to show that

With it goes my congratulations talk about the Patrol

it and the hope that you will wear is proud of you"
9

Because

of cost considerations surviving more

and the wartime

scarcity

of only

silver, members one award.

than one crash received

"1.

The records

at National

Headquarters

now indicate

tha~

while on active Patrol, you were two-time member

duty mission forced

for Civil Air Patrol

- Coastal

down at sea and this has made you a We can't send you another on becoming a

of the Duck Club.

emblem, but we can and do send our greetings select member of this fraternity".lO

II

2.

This time, we are twice Patrol yarn".

as glad that you are with us to

swap another

11

In both cases, National

the letter was signed by Civil Air Patrol's Lieutenant Colonel Earle L. Johnson.

Commander,

12

CHAPTER

3

DUCK CLUB MEMBERSHIP

LIST

The following listing

pages

contain

a computer

generated

alphabetical

of all known Duck Club Members.

13

MARCH

1984

e.A.p.

DUCK CLUB STUDY HISTORICAL COt-1M TTEE I COL. L. E. HOPPER

PAGE

1

NAME

SORTED

BY NAME

RANK liLT FlO CAPT liLT FlO CAPT
1 fLT

SERIAL NUMBER
5-3-48 2-1-106 6-3-47 4-1-722 2-1-209 4-1-776 6-3-1432 4-1-432

BASE NUMBER
13 17
11

ACKLEY, H. B. ALLEN, E. T. ANDERSON, D. R. ATLASS, J. N. BAGON, J. E. BANER, C. A. BENDER, L. D. BILLET, A. 8, BINDER, R. BOZARTH, E. N. BRYSON, J. E. BUSH, J. W. CANNON, H. P. CARTER, H. T. CARTIER, R. W. CHALOW, R. CHEW, J. W. I JR. CLARK, C. S. CLAY, A. G. COHEN, B. R. COHN, R. J. COLLER, H. A. CONNER, T. V. ,JR. COOPER, R. E. CRABTREE, A. fI.1. CROSS, H. T. CUSHMAN, H. 8. DAMMEYER, J. E. DICARLO, L. J. DICKSON, G. E. DIMITRY, E. A. DUBOSE, T. J. EASTMAN, T. C. EGBERT, E. H. EGGENWEILER, F. E. EVANS, s. C. FARR, w. G. FAULKNER, R. A. FLETCHER, J. L. FLINT, W. F. FULLETON, IN. A. ,JR. GARVIN, M. M. GASTON, 1'-1- E. GRIER, W. l. ,JR. GROTH, W. H. GROVE, G. IN. GRUBB, J. R. I JR. HARRIS, H. R. HEALEY, J. J. HEH1, M. L. JENKINS, E. J. JEN~·:INS, w. K.

07 01 07 01
11

CAPT
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zt.r :

liLT liLT liLT CAPT liLT liLT lILT liLT
liLT liLT

4-4-752
4-5-47 2-1-155 2-3-95 4-4--169 2-2-1017 3-1-192·5 5-1-1755 4-1-246 5-1-1755 4-1-34 4-1-1339 8-1-3278 7-5-416 4-1-245 5-1-1443 4-1-420 6-3-59 4-9-11 3-1-1816

01 07
21

11 02 02 ' 01
02 21

14 05
14

03
07 10 04 05 02 07 11 09 06 09

liLT lILT liLT liLT liLT lILT l/L T lILT C~PT liLT liLT CAPT
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4-8-94

4-3-692 2-1-427 4-2-885 3-1-222 8-1-26

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2/lT liLT CAPT FlO l/L T liLT liLT liLT FlO lILT
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2-1-45
4-4-469 3-2-465

3-1-1'19
2-3-79 4-2-818

2-3-177
4-1-515 4-4-72 3-1-1239

4-2-551
4-4-770 7-4-201 4-2-613 4-8-1084

liLT l/L T 14

01 06 01 10 01 21 04 06 02 09 06 02 07 21 17 06 16 09 06 09

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

MARCH

1984

OUCI< CLUB STUDY C.A.P. HISTORICAL COMMITTEE COL. L. E. HOPPER

PAGE

2

NAME

SORTED

BY NAME

RANK
CAPT CAPT 2/LT lilT 2/lT lilT lilT lilT lILT liLT
l/L T

SERIAL
NUMBER

BASE
06 10 07 09 06 01 17 17 07 07 21 10 09 05 08 11

NUMBE"R

JOHNSON, C. E. KEHOE, C. F. dI. KEYS, T. F. KING, D. l. KNOTT, J. P. KNOX, J. P. LANCASTER, R. T. lEAS, D. S., JR. MANNING, T. C. MARVEL, C. l. MASHBURN, M. F. f-olCCAUlEY A. J. , MCCLAIN, R. 8. MCLAUGHLIN, F. C. MILLER, R. H. t-10SKOW I , S. IT MYERS, A. R. NEEL, R. F. PALMER, T. PEARSON, C. M. PENN, E. E. PERMENTER, J. B. PILGRIN, S. W. ,JR. POLEY, C. PROKOPOVITS, T. R. REYNOLDS, W. R. ,JR. RHODES, J. l. RICKSEN, R. E. RIDGLEY, H. E. ROYCE, R. 6. RUBIN, H. SALTER, W. H. SANDERS, W. H. SANSCHAGRIN, T. J. SAVAGE, C. L. SCHLAGER, J. R. SCHOLZE, R. E. SCHUCHTER, J. R. W. SCOTT, W. A. SERWICH, F. J. SHIELDS, G. H. SMITH, W.O. SPEllERBERG, J. P. STEPHENSON, R. E. STORY, R. L. STOWE, S. P. I JR. STUBBINS, 1<. F. SWAH1, C. S. UIlAS, W. A. WAGSTAFF, R. L. WAllACE, H. (WESLEY C? ) WEAKLAND, J. R. ,JR.

4-2-738
8-2-1732 4-1-100 4-3-491 4-2-18 3-1-2711 3-1-2711 4-1-43 4-4-488 8-1-2934 5-2-464 4-1-645 4-3-732 6-3-232 3-1-969 8-1-1251 4-1-812 8-1-718

lilT lILT

Z/lT

04

2/lT lilT FlO lilT lilT
2/lT

10 17
07

4-4-822
4-3-33 2-1-142 3-1-2057 4-1-89 4-1-365 2-1-750 4-1-356

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4-1-540

07 21 08 01 17 03 05 17 07 07
06

4-2-1117 4-1-1375 3-1-397 3-2-70B 3-1-905 4-1-1053 4-1-567 3-3-181 4-8-272 4-4-439 1-4-1213 5-1-2763

06
07
01

04 04 07
07

5-3-237
4-4-429 4-4-433 4-4-12 4-1-300 4-4-847 4-1-1751 2-1-1701

4-4-335

01 09 16 01 14 01 16 21
16

21 07
02

l/L T

0506

..

15

MARCH

1984

C.A.P.

DUCK CLUB STUDY HISTORICAL COMMITTEE COL. L. E. HOPPER

PAGE

3

NAtvlE
WEST
1

SORTED
..J. 1<.

BY NAME

RANK
lILT lILT

SERIAL NUMBER
8-1-686 5-1-933 4-4-.2364-5-86.9 7-4-349 6-3-961

BASE
10 14
21

NUMBER

WETZEL, B. B. W]LLIAMS, 8. l. WIMP, R. E. WINFIELD, J. H.tJR. WOOD, F. R. WOODHAUS, E. J. ZIMMERMAN, C. B.

liLT 2/LT FlO lilT
2/LT

05 10 11

4-2-44

13
06

~ECOROS SELECTED

112

16

CHAPTER

4

ACTIVE

DUTY BASE OF MEMBERS

The following pages are a computer generated listing of all known Duck Club Members arranged by their Civil Air Patrol Base Number.

A total by Base Number is shown below:

BASE

LOCATION

NO. OF MEMBERS

1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
4

14

15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Atlantic City, New Jersey Rehoboth, Delaware Lantana, Florida Parksley, Virginia Flagler Beach, Florida St. Simons Island, Georgia Miami, Florida James Island, Charleston, South Carolina Grand Isle, Louisiana Beaumont, Texas Pascagoula, Mississippi Brownsville, Texas Sarasota, Florida Panama City, Florida Corpus Christi, Texas Manteo, North Carolina Suffolk, Riverhead, Long Island, New York Falmouth, Massachusetts Portland, Maine Bar Harbor, Maine Beaufort, North Carolina

13 7 2

6 12 17 4 7 7 6 0 2

5.

4

0 4 7 0 0 0 9

112

17

t·1ARCH

1984

DUCK CLUB STUDY C.A.P. HISTORICAL COMMITTEE COL. L. E. HOPPER

PAGE

1

NAME

SORTED BY BASE NO. RANK

SERIAL NUMBER

BASE
01

NUMBER
01

EGGENWEIlER, F. E. CHALOIJ, R. SANSCHAGRIN, T. J. SMITH, W.O. STEPHENSON, R. E.
BAGON, SCOTT, J. E.

BENDER, l. O. f<NOX, J. P.

lILT CAPT lILT
Z/LT

2/lT
FlO

POLEY, C. BINDER, R. EASTMAN, T. C. FARR, W. G. CROSS, H. T. CHEW, J. W. ,JR.
CARTER,
GRIER,

W. A.

lILT lilT

3-1-222 2-2-1017 3-1-397 1-4-1213 5-3-237 2-1-209 3-3-181 2-1-142 2-1-427 2-1-45
:;)-1-1443

01 01
01

01 01
01

MAJ

CAPT lILT lILT liLT lILT

W. t.. ,JR. FULlETON, W. A. ,JR. REYNOLDS, W. R., JR. COHN, R. J. SAVAGE, C. l. SCHLAGER, J. R. FLETCHER, J. L. MYERS, A. R. COOPER, R. E. CRABTREE, A. ~1. fvlCLAUGHLN 1 F. C. I CLAY, A. G. WIMP, R. E. C?) WALLACE, H. (\,lESLEY JOHNSON, C. E. EGBERT, E. H.
RHODES,
J. l.

WAGSTAFF,

CANNON, H. P.

H. T.

R. l.

lilT FlO

lILT
lilT

lILT lILT lILT lilT liLT lilT lILT
lilT lilT lilT

3-1-1925 2-3-95 2-1-155 4-4-947 2-3-177 2-3-79 4-1-89 4-1-34 3-2-708 3-1-805 3-2-465 3-1-968 7-5-416
4--1-245

01 01 01 01 01 02 02 02 02
02

2/lT

liLT
1/l T 2/LT

ZIMMERMAN, C. B. KNOTT, J. P. FLINT, W. F. GASTON, M. E. JENKINS, E. J. WEAKLAND, J. R. ,JR. HARRIS, H. R.
RUBIN,

lilT CAPT
lILT
lilT

4-1-645 4-1-365 4-1-246 4-5-869 4-1-1751 4-2-738 4-2-885 4-2-44 4-2-18 3-1-149 4-2-818 4-2-613 4-2-551

2-1-1701
3-1-Hn6 4-2-1117 4-1-420 4-1-100 4-1-43 4-1-812 4-1-432 4-1-540

FlO III T

n ICI<SON, G. E. SALTER) W. H. CUSHI'1AN,H. 8.
KEYS, T. F.

H.

FlO

02 02 03 03 04 04 04 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 05 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06

Os.
07

CAPT
lILT

lilT

PEARSON,
BOZARTH,
ROYCE,

"'lANNING,

MARVEL, C.

R. G.

C. N. E. M.
L.

T.

C.

2JLT CAPT
lilT

07 07
07

07 07 07

18

tvlARCH

1994

C.A.P.

DUCK CLUB STUDY HISTORiCAL COMMITTEE COL. L. E. HOPPER

PAGE

2

NAME

SORTED BY BASE NO.

RANK CAPT CAPT lILT lilT lILT CAPT CAPT
FlO

SER1AL NUMBER
4-1-300 4-1-776 4-1-1339 8-1-71B

BASE NUMBE·R
07 07 07
07

UILAS, W. A. SANER, C. A. COLLER, H. A. PENN, E. E. ATLASS, J. N. SCHUCHTER,·J. R. W. RIDGLEY, H. E. SANDERS, W. H. GROTH, W. H. SCHOLZE, R. E. MILLER, R. H. PIlGRIN, S. W. I JR. OUBOSE, T. J. KING, D. L. DICARLO, L. J. SERWICH, F. J. MCCLAIN, R. B. GARVIN, M. M. JENKINS, W. K. DIMITRY, E. A. HEIIVl, M. L. NEEl, R. F. WEST, J. K. CONNER, T. V. ,JR. KEHOE, C. F.tlI. EVANS, S. C. WINFIELD, J. H. ,JR. t-ICCAULEY A. J. , OAMMEYER, J. E. BILLET, A. 8. ANDERSON, D. R. 'WOOD, F. R. BUSH, J. W. MOSKOWITZ, S. WOODHAUS, E. J. ACKLEY, H. B. SPELlERBERG, J. P. COHEN, 8. R. CLARK, C. S. WETZEL, B. 8. STORY, R. l. STUBBINS, 1<' F. SHIELDS, G. H. HEALEY, J. J. Rln~SEN, R. E. LANCASTER, R. T. ALLEN, E. T. GRUBB, J. R. , JR. LEAS, D. S. ,JR. PROKOPOVITS, T. R. PAU·1ER, T. MASHBURN, t-1. F.

07

4-1-722 4-1-567

lILT
2/LT

lilT 2/lT lilT lilT lILT FlO
lILT lILT

llLT

lILT lILT lILT

4-1-35; 4-1-1375 4-1-515 4-1-1053 4-3-732 4-3-33 4-3-692 4-3-481 4-8-11

07 07 07 07 07

OS
08 09 08 09 09

4-8-272 5-2-464
4-8-1084 4-8-94

09

7-4-201

CAPT CAPT FlO lilT lilT lILT CAPT lilT lilT
2/lT

8-1-26 7-4-349

8-1-1251 8-1-686 8-1-3278 S-2-1732

09 09 09 09 10 10 10 10
10 10

8-1-2834 6-3-59 6-3-1432 6-3-47

10 11 11 11

6-3-961 4-5-47
6-3-232 5-3-49 5-1-2763 5-1-1755 5-1-1755 5-1-933 4-4-429

11
11 11 13 13
14

lILT lILT Z/lT lilT lILT liLT lilT liLT lilT lilT 2JlT
FlO

14 14
14

4-4-433
4-4-439

16 16
16

4-4-770
2-1-750 3-1-2711 2-1-106 3-1-1239 3-1-2711 3-1-2057

lILT
l/L T

16 17 17 17 17 17
17

2/lT

4-4-488 19

17 21

MARCH

1984

DUCK CLUB STUDY C .A. P. HI STOR ICAL COj\'IJvII TTEE
COL. L. E. HOPPER NO.

PAGE

3

NAME

SORTED

BY BASE

RANK

SERIAL NUMBER
4-4-12 4-4-72 4-4-752
4-4-469 4-4-335 4-4-236

BASE

NUMBER
21
21

SWAIM, C. S. GROVE, G. W. BRYSON, J. E.

CARTIER,

STOWE, S. P., JR • PERMENTER, J. 8. WILLIAMS, B. L.

FAULKNER,

R. A.

R. W.

lILT liLT 2/LT lILT FlO liLT liLT

21 ' 21
21 21

4-4-822 4-4-169

21
21

ECORDS SELECTED

112

20

CHAPTER

5

HOME STATE OF MEMBERS

The following

pages

are a computer arranged

generated

listing

of all

known Duck Club Members on the individual's tially by the Wing Civil Air Patrol. assumed

by home

state.

It is based sequen-

serial number (state) where

which was assigned the member first

joined

For the purposes

of this study it is state and

that members

joined CAP in their home prefix number

therefore,

the serial number home states.

is used as a means whose serial number

of identifying

Those members

could not be located

are tabulated

as unknown.

Tabled

below

are the Wing Prefix Numbers CAP membership

used to determine of Duck Club

the state of initial Members identified:

and the number

STATE Unknown Alabama Arizona Arkansas California Colorado connecticut Delaware

PREFIX
None

NO.

OF MEMBERS
8

4-6
8-5 7-4 9-1 8-3 1-5 2-3

0
0 2 0 0 0

3

21

STATE

PREFIX

NO. OF MEMBERS 22
8

Florida
Georgia

4-1
4-2 9-4 6-1 5-2

Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana
Maine

0 0 1
0

7-2
7-5 5-3 4-8 1-1 3-3

1 2 4
0

Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota
Mississippi

1 1 5
0

1-4
6-3 7-1

4-7 7-3
9-5 7-6 9-6 1-2

0 0 0
0 0

Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada
New Hampshire

0 1 0
8

New Jersey

2-2
8-4 2-1 4-4 7-8

New Mexico
New York

North Carolina North Dakota Ohio

14
0

5-1

5

22

STATE Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania

PREFIX 8-2 9-2 3-1 1-6 4-3

NO. OF MEMBERS 1
0

11
0

Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota
Tennessee Texas

4

7-7
4-5 8-1 9-7 1-3 3-2 9-3 5-4 6-2 7-9

0
2

6
0

Utah
Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

0 2 0 0
0

0

TOTAL

112

23

t-IARCH

1984

C.A.P.

CLUB STUDY HISTORICAL COr-.-IM I TTEE COL. L. E. HOPPER
OUCK

PAGE

NAME

SORTED

BY CAP SERIAL

NO. RANK.

SERIAL

NUMBER

BASE NUMBER
01 01

BENDER, L. O. I<NOX, J. P. MARVEL, C. L. RUBIN, H. GARVIN, ~1. M. WOOOHAUS, E. J. PALMER, T. BINDER, R. SMITH, W.O. ALLEN, E. T. POLEY, C. CANNON, H. P. 'WEAKLAND, J. R. ,JR. BAGON, J. E. EASTMAN, T. C. FARR, 'W. G. RICKSEN, R. E. CHALO'W, R. GRIER, W. L. ,JR. FULlETON, W. A. ,JR. CARTER, H. T. GRU8B, J. R. ,JR. FLINT, W. F. DICKSON, G. E. CHEW, J. W. ,JR. PROKOPOVITS, T. R. EGGENWEIlER, F. E. LANCASTER, R. T. LEAS, D. S. ,JR. SANSCHAGRIN, T. J. SCHLAGER, J. R. MYERS, A. R. FLETCHER, J. L. SAVAGE, C. l. SCOTT, W. A. KEYS, T. F. SCHOLZE, R. E. COLLER, H. A. SANDERS, w. H. WALLACE, H. (WESLEY C?) CRABTREE, A. M. CLAY, A. G. UILAS, W. A. COHN, R. J. RIDGLEY, H. E. RHODES, J. L. CUSHfvlAN H. B. 1 MANNING, T. C. BOZARTH, E. 1'>'1. GROTH, W. H. ROYCE, R. G. SCHUCHTER, J. R. W.

07 06
09 . 13

MAJ

2/lT FlO lilT lilT lilT FlO CAPT lilT CAPT

1-4-1213 2-1-106 2-1-142 2-1-155 2-1-1701 2-1-209 2-1-427 2-1-45 2-1-750
2-2-1017

01

17 01
01 02

17

06 01 01
01 17 01 02

11L T

FlO lilT lilT CAPT lilT lilT lILT lilT lilT lilT lilT lilT 2/lT lilT lilT lilT CAPT lilT liLT FlO lILT lilT CAPT
lilT

2-3-177 2-3-79 2-3-95 3-1-1239 3-1-149 3-1-2057
3-1-222 3-1-2711 3-1-2711 3-1-1816 3-1-1925

02 17 06 06

02

02
17
01

3-1-397
3-1-905 3-:2-708

3-1-968 3-2-465

17 17 01 04 04 04 01

3-3-181 4-1-100 4-1-1053
4-1-1339

04 07

07 07

4-1-1375
4-1-1751

07
05

CAPT

CAPT lilT lilT liLT CAPT lilT lilT

llL T

4-1-245 4-1-246 4-1-300 4-1-34 4-1-356 4-1-365 4-1-420 4-1-432
4-1-515 4-1-43

05
05 07 03
07

05 07 07 07
07

4-1-540
4-1-567

07 07

24

MARCH

1984

C.A.P.

CLLlB STUDY HISTORICAL COMMITTEE COL. L. E. HOPPER
DUCI<

PAGE

2

NAME

SORTEO 8Y CAP SERIAL

RANK
lilT lILT CAPT

NO.

SERIAL NUMBER
4-1-645 4-1-722 4-1-776 4-1-812 4-1-89 4-2-1117 4-2-18 4-2-44 4-2-551 4-2-613 4-2-738 4-2-818 4-2-885 4-3;-33 4-3-481 4-3-692 4-3-732

NUMBER
05 07 07 07 03 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 08 08 08 08

BASE.

MCLAUGHLIN, F. C. ATLASS, J. N. BANER, C. A. PEARSON, C. M. REYNOLDS, W. R. ,JR. SALTER, W. H. KNOTT 1 J. P. ZIMMERMAN, C. 8. HARRIS, H. R. JENkINS, E. J. JOHNSON, C. E. GASTON, M. E. EGBERT, E. H. PILGRIN, S. W. ,jR. I<lNG, D. L. DUBOSE, T. J. MILLER, R. H. SWAIM, C. S. CARTIER, R. WILLIAMS, B. L. STOWE, s. P. ,JR. STORY, R. L. STUBBINS, K. F. SHIELDS, G. H. FAULKNER, R. A. MASHBURN, M. F. GROVE, G. W. BRYSON, J. E. HEALEY, J. J. PERMENTER, J. B. WAGSTAFF, R. L. BUSH, J. W. WIMP, R. E. JENKINS, W. K. DICARLO, l. J. SERWICH, F. J. DIMITRY, E. A. CROSS, H. T. COHEN, 8. R. CLARK, C. S. SPELlERBERG, ~1. P. WETZEL, B. 8. MCCLAIN, R. B. STEPHENSON, R. E. ACKLEY, H. 8. BILLET, A. 8. MOSKOWITZ, S. ANDERSON, D. R. DAMNEYER, J. E. WOOD, F. R.

2/LT

FlO

lILT lILT liLT lILT lILT 2/lT lILT lILT lILT lILT lILT lILT lILT lILT
2/LT

2/lT FlO

"".

4-4-12

21

4-4-169 4-4-236 4-4-335 4-4-433

2) 21

4-4-429 4-4-439
4-4-469 4-4-488 4-4-72 4-4-752 4-4-770 4-4-822 4-4-847

21
16 16 16 21 21

lILT lILT lILT FlO
2/lT

21
21 16

21

2/LT lILT
2/LT

liLT lILT
lILT

4-5-47

02

4-5-869

4-3-1084

11 05
09 09 09 09 02 14

lILT
2/lT

lILT lilT lILT lilT
2/lT

4-8-11 4-8-272 4-8-94 5-1-1443 5-1-1755

5-1-1755

14

lilT liLT CAPT lILT liLT
FlO FlO liLT

5-1-2763 5-1-933 5-2-464 5-3-237

14 14 09

5-3-48
6-3-1432 6-3-232

01

13

6-3-47
6-3-59 6-3-961 7-4-201 7-4-349

11 11
11
11 11 09 10

HEIr-1,

".1.

WINFIELD,

L.

J. H. ,JR.

25
-._"----..

-_ ........

--_

..-

--

MARCH

1984

C.A.P.

DUCK CLUB STUDY HISTORICAL COMMITTEE COL. L. E. HOPPER

PAGE

3

NAME COOPER,

SORTED R. E.

BY CAP SERIAL NO. RANK lilT lILT CAPT liLT liLT lILT CAPT

SERIAL
NUMBER

BASE

NUMB~R
04
10

EVANS, S. C. MCCAULEY, A. J. CONNER, T. V.,JR. WEST, J. K. PENN, E. E. KEHOE, C. F., II •

NEEL, R. F.

8-1-1251

7-5-416

8-1-26 8-1-2834 8-1-3278 8-1-686 8-1-718 8-2-1732

10 10 10 10 07 10

RECORDS

SELECTED

112

26

FOOTNOTES

CHAPTER 1

1 Civil Air Patrol Headquarters, September 1943 Operations Report, National 3

Civil Air Patrol,

dated

2

ibid

3

ibid

4

ibid

5

ibid

6

Based on statistical Reports, Accident

analysis

of CAP Operations data in

Reports Archives

and related

the CAP National

7

ibid

8

ibid

9

Contemporary Number

History

of CAP Coastal

Patrol

4 by Major

I. W. Burnham

II, CAP

10

Letter

from Lt. Henry T. Cross

to Major

Earle

27

FOOTNOTES

(CONT'D)

CHAPTER

1 (CONT'D) Johnson Major dated October 10, 1942 recommending Jr. and Lt~ Edmond for bravery

Hugh R. Sharp,

Edwards

for citation

11

statement

dated July

21, 1942 by Major Hugh to incident, Paragraph

R. Sharp, Jr. relating 5

12

ibid, Paragraph

6

13

ibid, Paragraph

7

14

ibid, Paragraph

8

15

ibid, Paragraph

9

16

ibid, Paragraph

10

17

Oral History Jr. conducted

Interview

of Colonel

Hugh R. Sharp, on October

in Wilmington,

Delaware

17, 1983

18

Civil Air Patrol National Monograph Series, Number

Historical

Committee Roll"

2, "Air Medal

28


r r
CHAPTER 19 1 (CONTID) Paragraph
31

FOOTNOTES

(CONTID)

r

General

Order Number 14 April

12, Depart-

ment of the Air Force,

1948

20

"Joe -- Sub Hunterll

a contemporary

History

of

Base 9 by Stuart M. Speiser

21

ibid, Page 14, Paragraph

3

22

ibid., Page 15, Paragraph

1

23

ibid, Page 15, Paragraph

2

24

ibid, Page

15, Paragraph

3

25

Civil Air Patrol Accident

Board

report

Number

6, dated May 221

1943

26

1983 personal .Reynolds

correspondence

with Mr. Wiley

R.

of Palm Beach, Florida

27

ibid

28

Operations Wing USAAF

Report

7/31/43 of 25th Antisubmarine

29

FOOTNOTES

(CONT'D)

CHAPTER 1

2

Kerrigan,

Evans E, American War Medals
The Viking Press,

and

Decorations,

New York '1964

2

Analysis

of Civil Air Patrol

Operations

Re-

ports on Coastal

Patrol Activities

3

ibid

4

ibid

5

CAP Rules,

62 Insignia,

paragraph

7 dated

28

October

1943

6

List of Duck Club Members National

contained

in CAP

Archives

7

Letter, Headquarters
October

Civil Air Patrol,

22

1943

8

ibid

9

ibid

10

Draft of letter in CAP National

to Duck Club Members Archives 30

contained

FOOTNOTES

(CONT'D)

CHAPTER 11

2 (CONT'D) ibid

31

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