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• Definition:
▫ Process of wrapping yarn on suitable package is called winding.

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• Definition:
▫ Yarn wound on formers which facilitate convenient handling and withdrawal. ▫ is a device that facilitates yarn storage in a suitable from that can be retrieved later as needed / required.

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1. 2. 3.

Change of Form of yarn package
i. i. i.

For short or long time storage For transportation
i. ii. iii. iv. v. Sizing beams

From ring bobbins to other packages as required by customers/usage

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Required by some process

Bobbins to Cones or other packages Yarn clearing and splicing in Yarn spinning Doubling/Plying of yarn Change of cone weight as required in warping Change of cone to pirn/quill as required in shuttle weaving Change from one page to loose wound cone packages fro yarn dyeing/chemical processing

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• Rule of winding:
▫ One end is fixed on a package and other end is rotated w.r.t. fixed end around the package axis to impart coils parallel or at angle to the diametrical plan of the package.

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• Angle of Wind
▫ The angle contained between a warp of yarn on the surface of a package and the diametrical plane of the package.

• Angle of Crossing
▫ The angle between two coils on the surface of package.

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• Angle of Reversal
▫ Angle made by same coil after reversal at edge of yarn package.

• Taper angle
▫ Angle made between surface of the package to the diametrical plane of the package.
Taper Angle

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Winding Types
Drive Traversing Packages

Positive

Negative

Inertial

Grooved Drum

Traversing Guide

Pirn Winding

Cone Winding

Precision Winding

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Cross Wound Metal

Parallel Wound Angle of Wind Near Parallel Wound Cop Build Material

Wood

Synthetic

Package Types Core

Cored

Paper

Core-less Shape

Flanged/Flangeless

One Yarn Yarn Multiple Yarns

Parallel/Taper Side

Porous

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Pirn/quill Beam with flanges

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Angle of Wind

Core Type
Paper, Flangeless, Taper Side

# of Yarns
Single Single Multiple Multiple

Package Name

Cross Wound

Synthetic, Porous, Flangeless, Taper Side Wood, Flangeless , Parallel Side Metal, Flanged, Parallel Side

Parallel Wound

Metal, Porous, Flanged, Parallel Side
Wood/Synthetic, Flanged, Parallel Side Core-less Synthetic, Flangeless, Parallel Side Cop Build Wood, Flangeless, Taper Side

Multiple
Single Single Single Single

Near Parallel Wound

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Over-end Withdrawal

Side end Withdrawal

Types of Unwinding

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• Benefits:
▫ Quick withdrawal ▫ No rotation is required i.e. Package can be stationary ▫ Supports Flangeless Packages

• Drawbacks:
▫ Twist may be effected ▫ Balloon formation ▫ Flanged Packages are not supported ▫ Only feasible for single yarn packages

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• Twist Change:
▫ Twist will be added if the yarn’s twist direction is same as direction of unwinding ▫ Twist will be removed if the yarn’s twist direction is different w.r.t. unwinding direction. ▫ The amount of twist effected will be equal to the number of coils removed from the package to the diameter of the coil.

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• Benefits:
▫ Relatively Slow withdrawal ▫ Rotation is required i.e. Package must be rotating ▫ Supports Flanged Packages ▫ Can be for single and multiyarn packages

• Drawbacks:
▫ Twist will not be effected ▫ No balloon formation ▫ Flangeless Packages are not supported ▫ Unwinding can only be done in one direction

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Different Zones of a winding machine

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• Responsible for unwinding of package • Unwinding is possible by either
▫ Side end withdrawal ▫ Over end withdrawal

• But generally over end withdrawal is done

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• Region 2: yarn is subjected to tension and yarn clearers • Tension device:
▫ provides tension ▫ detects weak places that break under tension
 Multiplicative (Capstan): output tension dependant on the input tension  Additive: dead weight or springs are used  Combined: a capstan tensioner and a disc are used

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• Clearing device
▫ To remove thick and thin places ▫ Latest systems can also detect foreign fibers
 Mechanical yarn clearer  Electronic yarn clearer

• Stop motion
▫ To stop the machine in case of breakage or supply depletion
 Mechanical stop assembly  Electronic stop assembly

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• Responsible for uniform winding of package • Only the package is rotated by either:
▫ Spindle drive (Reciprocating Traverse) ▫ Friction drive (Groove Cut in Friction Drum causes traverse)

• Traversing mechanism is used for distribution of yarn along the package • Contains piecing unit for joining of broken ends
▫ Manual knotting, Automatic knotting & Splicers

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• Transferring of yarns from larger to smaller package • Pirn/quill is used • Pirn/quill: a filling bobbin placed in a shuttle for shuttle weaving • No yarn clearing zone hence no inspection of yarn

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