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Тараненко 305 лаб1(часть 1)

Тараненко 305 лаб1(часть 1)

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ɆȱɇȱɋɌȿɊɋɌȼɈ ɈɋȼȱɌɂ ȱ ɇȺɍɄɂ ɍɄɊȺȲɇɂ

ɑɨɪɧɨɦɨɪɫɶɤɢɣ ɞɟɪɠɚɜɧɢɣ ɭɧɿɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ
ɿɦɟɧɿ ɉɟɬɪɚ Ɇɨɝɢɥɢ
Ɏɚɤɭɥɶɬɟɬ ɤɨɦɩ¶ɸɬɟɪɧɢɯ ɧɚɭɤ
Ʉɚɮɟɞɪɚ ɿɧɬɟɥɟɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɿɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɿɣɧɢɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ




ɁȼȱɌ
ɡ ɥɚɛɨɪɚɬɨɪɧɨʀ ɪɨɛɨɬɢ ʋ1
³Ɉɛɫɬɟɠɟɧɧɹ ɡɨɜɧɿɲɧɿɯ ɩɨɪɬɿɜɉɄ ɡɚɝɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɹ ´

Ⱦɢɫɰɢɩɥɿɧɚ ³Ɇɟɬɨɞɢ ɬɚ ɡɚɫɨɛɢ ɤɨɦɩ¶ɸɬɟɪɧɢɯ ɿɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɿɣɧɢɯ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɿɣ´
ɋɩɟɰɿɚɥɶɧɿɫɬɶ ³ɋɢɫɬɟɦɧɟ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɭɜɚɧɧɹ´

6.050101±ɅɊ.ɉɁ.01±305.2920524







ɋɬɭɞɟɧɬɤɚ_________Ɇ. ȼ. Ɍɚɪɚɧɟɧɤɨ
(ɩɿɞɩɢɫ)
_________
(ɞɚɬɚ)

ȼɢɤɥɚɞɚɱ ___________ ȱ. Ɇ. ɀɭɪɚɜɫɶɤɚ
(ɩɿɞɩɢɫ)
____________
(ɞɚɬɚ)

Ɇɢɤɨɥɚʀɜ ± 2011
ʖʛʶʠʡ
1 ɏȺɊȺɄɌȿɊɂɋɌɂɄɂ ɉɈɊɌȱȼ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 3
1.1Ʉɚɛɟɥɶɧɿ ɩɨɪɬɢ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 3
1.2Ȼɟɡɞɪɨɬɨɜɿ ɩɨɪɬɢ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 5
2 ɈȻɑɂɋɅȿɇɇə ɊȿȺɅɖɇɈȲ ɉɊɈɉɍɋɄɇɈȲ ɋɉɊɈɆɈɀɇɈɋɌȱ ................................ .......... 15
2.1Ɋɨɡɪɚɯɭɧɨɤ ɩɪɚɤɬɿɱɧɨʀ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɿ Buetooth ................................ ..................... 15
2.2Ɋɨɡɪɚɯɭɧɨɤ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɧɨʀ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɿ Ethernet ................................ ..................... 15
3 ɇɈȼȱɌɇȱ ɌȿɏɇɈɅɈȽȱȲ ................................ ............................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
ȼɂɋɇɈȼɄɂ ................................ ................................ ................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
ȼɂɄɈɊɂɋɌȺɇȱ ɉɈɋɂɅȺɇɇə ................................ ................................ ................................ 20

2
1 ɏȺɊȺɄɌȿɊɂɋɌɂɄɂ ɉɈɊɌȱȼ
ȼ ɡɚɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɿ ɜɿɞ ɪɿɡɧɢɯ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɿʀɜ ɩɨɪɬɢ ɪɨɡɞɿɥɹɸɬɶɫɹ ɧɚ ɬɚɤɿ ɝɪɭɩɢ:
ɚ) ɤɚɛɟɥɶɧɿ ɬɚ ɛɟɡɞɪɨɬɨɜɿ;
ɛ) ɩɚɪɚɥɟɥɶɧɿ ɬɚ ɩɨɫɥɿɞɨɜɧɿ;
ɜ) ɨɞɧɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɿ ɬɚ ɞɜɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɿ.
1.1 Ʉɚɛɟɥɶɧɿ ɩɨɪɬɢ
Ʉɨɪɨɬɤɚ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɚ ɤɚɛɟɥɶɧɢɯ ɩɨɪɬɿɜ (ɞɢɜ. ɬɚɛɥ 1):
COM ± ɞɜɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɩɨɫɥɿɞɨɜɧɢɣ ɿɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ, ɩɪɢɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɞɥɹ
ɨɛɦɿɧɭ ɩɨɛɚɣɬɨɜɨʀ ɿɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɿʀ.
LPT( IEEE 1284)- ɩɚɪɚɥɟɥɶɧɢɣ ɿɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɞɥɹ ɩɿɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɹ
ɩɟɪɢɮɟɪɿɣɧɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨʀɜ ɉɄ. ɇɚɡɜɚ ³LPT´ ɭɬɜɨɪɟɧɨ ɜɿɞ ɧɚɡɜɢ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɝɨ
ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɸ ɩɪɢɧɬɟɪɚ ³LPT1´ (LinePrinter Terminal ɚɛɨ LinePrinTer) .
USB ± (1.x, 2.x, 3.0, 4.0) ± ɭɧɿɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɚ ɩɨɫɥɿɞɨɜɧɚ ɲɢɧɚ, ɩɪɢɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ
ɞɥɹ ɡ'ɽɞɧɚɧɧɹ ɩɟɪɢɮɟɪɿɣɧɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨʀɜ.
ȱɫɧɭɽ ɩ¶ɹɬɶ ɜɢɞɿɜ USB ± ɪɨɡ¶ɽɦɿɜ:
ɚ) microUSB ± ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɨɜɭɽɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɞɭɠɟ ɦɚɥɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɹɯ (ɬɟɥɟɮɨɧɢ,
ɩɥɟɽɪɢ);
ɛ) miniUSB ± ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɨɜɭɸɬɶɫɹ ɬɚɤɨɠ ɧɚ ɦɚɥɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɹ, ɚ ɬɚɤɨɠ ɜ
ɰɢɮɪɨɜɢɯ ɮɨɬɨɚɩɚɪɚɬɚɤ ɬɚ ɄɉɄ;
ɜ) B-type ± ɩɨɜɧɨɪɨɦɿɪɧɢɣ ɪɨɡ¶ɽɦ, ɳɨ ɜɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɸɽɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɩɪɢɧɬɟɪɚɯ,
ɫɤɚɧɟɪɚɯ ɿ ɿɧɲɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɹɯ, ɞɟ ɪɨɡɦɿɪɢ ɧɟ ɦɚɸɬɶ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɹ ;
ɝ) A-type(ɩɪɢɣɦɚɱ) ± ɪɨɡ¶ɽɦ, ɳɨ ɜɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɸɽɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɤɨɦɩ¶ɸɬɟɪɚɯ,
ɤɭɞɢ ɩɿɞɤɥɸɱɚɽɬɶɫɹ ɤɨɧɟɤɬɨɪ ɬɢɩɭ Ⱥ-type;
ɞ) A-type(ɜɢɥɤɚ) ±ɤɨɧɧɟɤɬɨɪ, ɳɨ ɩɿɞɤɥɸɱɚɽɬɶɫɹ ɛɟɡɩɨɫɟɪɟɞɧɶɨ ɞɨ
ɤɨɦɩ¶ɸɬɟɪɚ ɭ ɜɿɞɩɨɜɿɞɧɢɣ ɪɨɡ¶ɽɦ;

4
3
FireWire (IEEE 1394)± ɩɨɫɥɿɞɨɜɧɚ ɜɢɫɨɤɨɲɜɢɞɤɿɫɧɚ ɲɢɧɚ, ɩɪɢɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ
ɞɥɹ ɨɛɦɿɧɭ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɨɸ ɿɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɿɽɸ ɦɿɠ ɤɨɦɩ'ɸɬɟɪɨɦ ɿ ɿɧɲɢɦɢ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɢɦɢ
ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɹɦɢ.
Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)± ɛɚɡɨɜɚ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɿɹ ɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɨɛɱɢɫɥɸɜɚɥɶɧɢɯ
(ɤɨɦɩ'ɸɬɟɪɧɢɯ) ɦɟɪɟɠ ɡ ɤɨɦɭɬɚɰɿɽɸ ɩɚɤɟɬɿɜ, ɳɨ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɨɜɭɽ ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥ
CSMA/CD (ɦɧɨɠɢɧɧɢɣ ɞɨɫɬɭɩ ɡ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɟɦ ɧɟɫɭɱɨʀ ɬɚ ɜɢɹɜɥɟɧɧɹɦ ɤɨɥɿɡɿɣ).
ɐɟɣ ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥ ɞɨɡɜɨɥɹɽ ɜ ɤɨɠɧɢɣ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɱɚɫɭ ɥɢɲɟ ɨɞɢɧ ɫɟɚɧɫ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ ɜ
ɥɨɝɿɱɧɨɦɭ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɿ ɦɟɪɟɠɿ. ɉɪɢ ɩɨɹɜɿ ɞɜɨɯ ɿ ɛɿɥɶɲɟ ɫɟɚɧɫɿɜ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ
ɨɞɧɨɱɚɫɧɨ ɜɢɧɢɤɚɽ ɤɨɥɿɡɿɹ, ɹɤɚ ɮɿɤɫɭɽɬɶɫɹ ɫɬɚɧɰɿɽɸ, ɳɨ ɿɧɿɰɿɸɽ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɭ.
ɋɬɚɧɰɿɹ ɚɜɚɪɿɣɧɨ ɡɭɩɢɧɹɽ ɩɪɨɰɟɫ ɿ ɨɱɿɤɭɽ ɡɚɤɿɧɱɟɧɧɹ ɩɨɬɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɫɟɚɧɫɭ
ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ, ɚ ɩɨɬɿɦ ɡɧɨɜɭ ɧɚɦɚɝɚɽɬɶɫɹ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɢɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɭ. Ethernet-ɦɟɪɟɠɿ
ɮɭɧɤɰɿɨɧɭɸɬɶ ɧɚ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɹɯ 10Ɇɛɿɬ/ɫ, FastEthernet² ɧɚ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɹɯ
100Ɇɛɿɬ/ɫ, GigabitEthernet² ɧɚ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɹɯ 1000Ɇɛɿɬ/ɫ, 10 GigabitEthernet ²
ɧɚ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɹɯ 10Ƚɛɿɬ/ɫ. ȼ ɤɿɧɰɿ ɥɢɫɬɨɩɚɞɚ 2006 ɪɨɤɭ ɛɭɥɨ ɩɪɢɣɧɹɬɟ ɪɿɲɟɧɧɹ
ɩɪɨ ɩɨɱɚɬɨɤ ɪɨɡɪɨɛɨɤ ɧɚɫɬɭɩɧɨʀ ɜɟɪɫɿʀ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɭ ɡ ɞɨɫɹɝɧɟɧɧɹɦ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɿ
100Ƚɛɿɬ/ɫ (100 GigabitEthernet).
HDMI (High-Definition MultimediaInterface) - ɦɭɥɶɬɢɦɟɞɿɣɧɢɣ
ɿɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɜɢɫɨɤɨʀ ɱɿɬɤɨɫɬɿ, ɞɨɡɜɨɥɹɽ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɢ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɿ ɜɿɞɟɨɞɚɧɿ ɜɢɫɨɤɨɝɨ
ɪɨɡɲɢɪɟɧɧɹ ɬɚ ɛɚɝɚɬɨɤɚɧɚɥɶɧɿ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɿ ɚɭɞɿɨ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɢ ɡ ɡɚɯɢɫɬɨɦ ɜɿɞ
ɤɨɩɿɸɜɚɧɧɹ.
SecureDigitalMemoryCard (SD) ± ɮɨɪɦɚɬ ɤɚɪɬɢ ɮɥɟɲ-ɩɚɦ'ɹɬɿ,
ɪɨɡɪɨɛɥɟɧɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɚɧɧɹ ɜ ɩɨɪɬɚɬɢɜɧɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɹɯ. ɇɚ ɫɶɨɝɨɞɧɿɲɧɿɣ
ɞɟɧɶ ɲɢɪɨɤɨ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɨɜɭɽɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɢɯ ɮɨɬɨɚɩɚɪɚɬɚɯ, ɦɨɛɿɥɶɧɢɯ
ɬɟɥɟɮɨɧɚɯ, ɄɉɄ, ɤɨɦɭɧɿɤɚɬɨɪɚɯ, GPS-ɧɚɜɿɝɚɬɨɪɚɯ ɿ ɜ ɿɝɪɨɜɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɚɜɤɚɯ.
SATA ² ɩɨɫɥɿɞɨɜɧɢɣ ɿɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɨɛɦɿɧɭ ɞɚɧɢɦɢ ɡ ɧɚɤɨɩɢɱɭɜɚɱɚɦɢ
ɿɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɿʀ.
eSATA ² ɿɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɩɿɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɹ ɡɨɜɧɿɲɧɿɯ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨʀɜ, ɳɨ
ɩɿɞɬɪɢɦɭɸɬɶ ɪɟɠɢɦ «ɝɚɪɹɱɨʀ ɡɚɦɿɧɢ».
4
SerialAttached SCSI (SAS) ²ɤɨɦɩ¶ɸɬɟɪɧɢɣ ɿɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ, ɪɨɡɪɨɛɥɟɧɢɣ
ɞɥɹ ɨɛɦɿɧɭ ɞɚɧɢɦɢ ɡ ɬɚɤɢɦɢ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɹɦɢ, ɹɤ ɠɨɪɫɬɤɿ ɞɢɫɤɢ, ɧɚɤɨɩɢɱɭɜɚɱɿ ɧɚ
ɨɩɬɢɱɧɨɦɭ ɞɢɫɤɭ ɿ ɬ. ɞ.
1.2 Ȼɟɡɞɪɨɬɨɜɿ ɩɨɪɬɢ
Ʉɨɪɨɬɤɚ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɚ ɛɟɡɞɪɨɬɨɜɢɯɩɨɪɬɿɜ (ɞɢɜ. ɬɚɛɥ 2):
Bluetooth ² ɜɢɪɨɛɧɢɱɚ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɿɤɚɰɿɹ ɛɟɡɞɪɨɬɨɜɢɯ ɩɟɪɫɨɧɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɦɟɪɟɠ
(PAN).ɐɟ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɿɹ ɛɟɡɞɪɨɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɡɜ¶ɹɡɤɭ, ɫɬɜɨɪɟɧɚ ɭ 1998 ɪɨɰɿ ɝɪɭɩɨɸ
ɤɨɦɩɚɧɿɣ: IBM, Intel, Toshiba, Nokia, Ericsson
IrDA ɜɢɡɧɚɱɚɽ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢ ɮɿɡɢɱɧɢɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɿɜ ɬɚ ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥɿɜ
ɿɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫɭ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ ɞɚɧɢɯ ɿɡ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɚɧɧɹɦ ɿɧɮɪɚɱɟɪɜɨɧɨɝɨ
ɜɢɩɪɨɦɿɧɸɜɚɧɧɹ (ɞɨɜɠɢɧɚ ɯɜɢɥɿ ɜɿɞ 850 ɞɨ 900 ɧɦ) ɧɚ ɦɚɥɿ ɜɿɞɫɬɚɧɿ,
ɧɚɩɪɢɤɥɚɞ, ɞɥɹ ɡɚɫɬɨɫɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɜ PAN (ɩɟɪɫɨɧɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɦɟɪɟɠɚɯ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ ɞɚɧɢɯ).
Wi-Fi, WiFi - ɬɨɪɝɨɜɚ ɦɚɪɤɚ, ɳɨ ɧɚɥɟɠɢɬɶ Wi -Fi Alliance.
Ɂɚɝɚɥɶɧɨɜɠɢɜɚɧɚ ɧɚɡɜɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɭ ɛɟɡɞɪɨɬɨɜɨɝɨ (ɪɚɞɿɨ) ɡɜ'ɹɡɤɭ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ
ɞɚɧɢɯ, ɹɤɢɣ ɨɛ¶ɽɞɧɭɽ ɞɟɤɿɥɶɤɚ ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥɿɜ ɬɚ ʉɪɭɧɬɭɽɬɶɫɹ ɧɚ ɫɿɦɟɣɫɬɜɿ
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɿɜ IEEE 802.11 (InstituteofElectricalandElectronicEngineers -
ɦɿɠɧɚɪɨɞɧɚ ɨɪɝɚɧɿɡɚɰɿɹ, ɳɨ ɡɚɣɦɚɽɬɶɫɹ ɪɨɡɪɨɛɤɨɸ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɿɜ ɭ ɫɮɟɪɿ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɢɯ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɿɣ).
WiMAX ɜɿɞ ɚɧɝɥ.WorldwideInteroperabilityforMicrowaveAccess
ɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬIEEE 802.16 ² ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬ ɛɟɡɩɪɨɜɿɞɧɨɝɨ ɡɜɹɡɤɭ, ɳɨ ɡɚɛɟɡɩɟɱɭɽ
ɲɢɪɨɤɨɫɦɭɝɨɜɢɣ ɡɜ'ɹɡɨɤ ɧɚ ɡɧɚɱɧɿ ɜɿɞɫɬɚɧɿ ɡɿ ɲɜɢɞɤɿɫɬɸ, ɩɨɪɿɜɧɹɧɨɸ ɡ
ɤɚɛɟɥɶɧɢɦɢ ɡ'ɽɞɧɚɧɧɹɦɢ.
GPRS (ɚɧɝɥ.GeneralPacketRadioService - ɩɚɤɟɬɧɚ ɪɚɞɿɨɡɜ'ɹɡɨɤ
ɡɚɝɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɤɨɪɢɫɬɭɜɚɧɧɹ) - ɧɚɞɛɭɞɨɜɚ ɧɚɞ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɿɽɸ ɦɨɛɿɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɜ'ɹɡɤɭ
GSM, ɳɨ ɡɞɿɣɫɧɸɽ ɩɚɤɟɬɧɭ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɭ ɞɚɧɢɯ. GPRS ɞɨɡɜɨɥɹɽ ɤɨɪɢɫɬɭɜɚɱɟɜɿ
ɦɟɪɟɠɿ ɫɬɿɥɶɧɢɤɨɜɨɝɨ ɡɜ'ɹɡɤɭ ɪɨɛɢɬɢ ɨɛɦɿɧ ɞɚɧɢɦɢ ɡ ɿɧɲɢɦɢ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨɹɦɢ ɜ
ɦɟɪɟɠɿ GSM ɬɚ ɿɡ ɡɨɜɧɿɲɧɿɦɢ ɦɟɪɟɠɚɦɢ, ɜ ɬɨɦɭ ɱɢɫɥɿ ȱɧɬɟɪɧɟɬ.
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3G (ɚɧɝɥ.3rdGeneration) ² «ɬɪɟɬɽ ɩɨɤɨɥɿɧɧɹ», ɧɚɛɿɪ ɩɨɫɥɭɝ, ɤɨɬɪɢɣ
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɽ ɞɨ ɫɟɛɟ ɹɤ ɜɢɫɨɤɨɲɜɢɞɤɿɫɧɢɣ ɦɨɛɿɥɶɧɢɣ ɞɨɫɬɭɩ ɞɨ ɩɨɫɥɭɝ ɦɟɪɟɠɿ
ȱɧɬɟɪɧɟɬ, ɬɚɤ ɿ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɿɸ ɪɚɞɿɨɡɜ'ɹɡɤɭ.
4G (ɚɧɝɥ.4thGeneration) ² ɱɟɬɜɟɪɬɟ ɩɨɤɨɥɿɧɧɹ ɩɟɪɟɫɭɜɧɨɝɨ (ɦɨɛɿɥɶɧɨɝɨ)
ɪɚɞɿɨɡɜ'ɹɡɤɭ, ɧɚɫɬɭɩɧɢɤ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɿɜ, ɹɤɿ ɜɿɞɧɨɫɹɬɶɫɹ ɞɨ 3G ɬɚ 2G. ɉɟɪɲɢɣ
ɩɪɢɯɿɞ ɩɨɤɨɥɿɧɶ ɜɿɞɛɭɜɚɜɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞɿ ɡ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɢɯ (1G) ɞɨ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɢɯ
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɿɜ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ ɧɚ ɩɨɱɚɬɤɭ 1990 -ɯ. ɇɚɫɬɭɩɧɢɣ ɤɪɨɤ (3G) ɩɪɢɧɿɫ
ɩɿɞɬɪɢɦɤɭ ɦɭɥɶɬɢɦɟɞɿɚ, ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɭ ɡ ɪɨɡɲɢɪɟɧɢɦ ɫɩɟɤɬɨɪɨɦ. Ɉɱɿɤɭɜɚɧɢɣ
ɩɟɪɟɯɿɞ ɞɨ 4G ɩɪɢɧɟɫɟ All -IP ɿɡ ɤɨɦɭɬɚɰɿɽɸ ɩɚɤɟɬɿɜ, ɦɨɛɿɥɶɧɢɣ
ɲɢɪɨɤɨɫɦɭɝɨɜɢɣ ɞɨɫɬɭɩ ɿɡ ɲɜɢɞɤɨɫɬɹɦɢ ɞɨ ɝɿɝɚɛɿɬɭ ɡɚ ɫɟɤɭɧɞɭ ɩɪɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɿ
ɿɡ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɚɧɧɹɦ ɞɟɤɿɥɶɤɨɯ ɧɟɫɭɱɢɯ.
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