Business Plan for Basic Pig Husbandry Introduction This Business Plan is in respect of an existing Private Pig Husbandry
at Oke Aro pig farm, in Ifo Local Government Area, Ogun State. The investor is interested in expanding the l evel of returns on the pig Husbandry The Project. The Pig Farm Estate was acquired from Ogun State Government for onward allocatio n to would be farmers by the Lagos State Government. The private Pig Husbandry is within th e Oke-Aro Pig Farm on a site of 30 X 120 with twenty one standard rooms and two stores for food storage and an office for administrative duties. We have also acquired the adjoining pen with nineteen standard rooms and a store which need to be renovated and dedicated to farrowing . Business Plan / Operation Concept Pig farming has two major concepts; breeding and production of pigs for slaughte r. We intend to acquire thirty gilts (about to cross) for breeding and fifty grower s to be fattened for sale in the fourth month. We will carefully cross the gilts on heat and must be taken care of because we w ould have carefully selected them for breeding. One of the greatest effects on profitability is the number of piglets reared per sow per year. As well as possessing the genetic potential to improve the production characteristi cs of her progeny, the sow must have the ability to rear large, healthy litters. Breeding We will select animals that are proven superior to their contemporaries because we know that if gilts are not managed properly when they arrive, wastage can be high, which c an be expensive and disrupt breeding programs. We propose a max of 30 Gilts 50 Growers sourced from a genetically superior stoc k at take off time. The boars among the growers will be castrated and separated from the sows. However, three boars from our present stock will be used for crossing the gilts as soon a s they come on heat. Grower Phase: 20 50 kg
Management practices during this period are aimed at fast economical growth of p igs and for this reason feeding is on a generous scale to achieve quite heavy weights in pig s. Page 1 of 5
limit growth rate and cause unevenness of growth. piglets weaned at less than 28 days are at risk because their ability to resist a disease challenge is at its lowest. This immunity las ts for 10 14 days. These gilts. Finisher Stage: 50 -75 Kg When growers attain 50kg live weight. Weaning is a stressful experience for young piglets. Therefore. the more sophisticated the housing. pi gs weaned after 28 days of age are more capable of handling non-milk carbohydrate and protein. It
. Though. affecting them both sociall y and physiologically.Reducing stress during this period is critical. the gilts would have come on heat the seco nd time at which stage they can be crossed/mated with a boar. We project that at the end of the first four months 50 Castrates/Sows at a targe ted weight of 75kg should be offered for sale. At this age. s to farrow. high standards of management can dramatically reduce p ost-weaning losses and improve growth rates by moderating the stress of weaning. three weeks and thr ee days.
However. Therefore. they when mated with the boars available. 30 inpigs should farrow an average of 180 piglets considerin normally farrow between 5 and 12 piglets. pigs are of a size and age to fend for themselves under average far m conditions. the baby pig s digestive system is geared to handle a milk-based diet . Therefore. However. As the piglet matures so does its enzyme system. but the piglet s own system does not start to develop until it is 21 28 days o f age during this period. we will keep fattening the other growers for sale in the week we expect the inpigs to begin farrowing. Overcrowding in particular cause s high stress factors. The shorter the suckling period. during the inpigs gestation period of three months. we adopt Conventional weaning: 5 10 kg liveweight (LW) (5 6 weeks of age) . feeding and management skills requir ed to raise the piglets. This is to create room for the inpigs to farrow. which depress the efficiency of food utilization. Piglets The newborn piglets have no protective immunity at birth and it relies on the in take of colostrums for the transfer of passive immunity from the sows. will take 114 days for the sow All equal. things being g mortality.
However. However. Fortunately. pigs are becoming accustomed to dry feed an d can better adjust to temperature changes and stress. by this age and weight. a high standard of hygiene mu st still be Page 2 of 5
. in order to maintain piglet growth rates.must be known that age of weaning is an integral part of the breeding program an d to reduce weaning age will involve changes in the mating and farrowing programs. It is une conomical to feed the piglets via the sow s milk beyond six weeks. they must receive additional feed.
000.000. Nutrient requirements vary according to the genetic quality and s ex of the pig and the surrounding environment. We have two competent and dedicated staff.00 ii) Feeding 30 sows and 3 boars for the next 2 months 205. during the inpigs gestation period of three months.00 20kg of Bread 400.800. the additional 50 growers acquired will be fattened and sold in the week we expect t he inpigs to begin farrowing.00 iv) Feeding 30 sows.00 Monthly Feeding/Medical Expenses N102.00 Blood meal 300.00 Cost of 50 growers @ N5.00 However.200.400. 3 boars & 30 growers for the next 6 months 617.00 1.00 B FEEDING/DAY FOR 80 PIGS PARTICULARS/FOOD ITEMS DAILY MONTHLY 50kg of PKC /days @N18.00 Premix 100.400.00 3.235.00 10 bags of Brewery waste 1.00 9. 300. they can progressively reduce the weaning age to a point where they f eel they can still gain the necessary benefit of the pigs undergoing an earlier weaning.000. Staffing.00 Vet attendant Salary/Medication monthly 10.785.000.000.00 i) Feeding and medication for the first 4 months 411.maintained.00 Bone Meal 40.00 27.00 each 250. three weeks and thr ee days.000.900.000. 925.00 C MEDICATION/SALARIES Salary for one attendant 10. Feeding Diets fed during this period are termed medium density .700.750. Page 3 of 5
.000.000. Pigs differ widely in thei r response to various diets and general recommendations are inappropriate for any individual s et of circumstances. Where a suitable environment can be maintained and producers have th e expertise.000. RECURRENT EXPENDITURE FOR THE FIRST SEVENTEEN MONTHS A PURCHASE OF GROWERS AMOUNT N Cost of initial 30 Gilts @ N10.500 p/ton.950.00 1.00 30. a pen attendant and a vet attendant w ith knowledge of pig husbandry.00 Total Expenditure For 12 Months 1. This is to create room for the inpigs to farrow.00 each.000.00 12. Their emoluments are detailed below.
N 690.000.000.000. N862.000. N450.00 1.00 per weaner.00 7-12 Feeding & medication for next 6 months 617.00 per kg.00 The sale of weaners will continue for as long as we continue to cross the existi ng sows.00 977. However.00 450.00 12th Sales of 150 weaners 450.500.700.00 6th Sales of 150 weaners 450.000.900. the stock of 30 sows with an average weight of about 100kg each will be sold after farrowing twice @ N230.000.00 38.200.100.00 Sixth Month 150 weaners @ sales price of N3.000.00 4th Sales of 50 pigs N862.800. to prove the point that the piggery Page 4 of 5
.00 Please note that a further analysis into the successive months will show a huge increase in the income over expenditure. This will be the practice on a continuous basis until probably a new pen is purchased for expansion.000.00 527.000.500.800. weaned in the twelfth month of operation.100.700.00 5 -6 Feeding & medication for next 2 months 205.00 per kg = N690.INCOME ANALYSIS FOR TWELVE MONTHS Fourth Month 50 pigs at a targeted weight of 75 kg each=3750kg Sales price is N230.00. Meanwhile.000.00 12th Sales of 30 pigs 690.00 1.000.00 1 -4 Feeding & medication for first 4 months 411.00 per kg.000.00 *30 pigs at a targeted weight of 100 kg each=3000kg Sales price is N230.00 1 Cost of initial 30 Gilts 300.000. the thirty weaners set aside from the initial 180 weaner farrowed.452.000. SENSITIVITY TEST AND RISK ANALYSIS General Our projections are based on estimates and forecasts.000. we have deliberat ely built up our expenditure estimates far ahead of income estimates.00 per weaner.800.00 700. SUMMARY OF INCOME & EXPENDITURE FOR THE FIRST TWELVE MONTHS MONTH DESCRIPTION EXPENDITURE INCOME BALANCE 0 Initial Capital outlay 1. will be groomed for breeding to replace the old sows sold while yet having additional thirty wea ners.00 900. N450.00 N2. However.667.500.100.144.00 Twelfth Month *150 weaners @ sales price of N3.00 694.00 1 Cost of 50 Growers 250.
By adopting these rather cautionary measures. analysis. we aver that our survey. Despite the above precautions. projections and calculati ons indicate that this investment promises to be remarkably rewarding to the financiers/investor. Generally. our aim is to ensure that the reve nue receipts will eventually match or surpass the projections. the projected returns would have been much higher progressively for succeeding month s. Cash surpluses (Curr ent and cumulative) still show good returns on investment. We must however point out tha t if expenditure growth rate had been slightly lower or pegged to the growth rate in income.project is actually very reliable and worthy. Finally. we h ave tried as much as possible to be conservative in our estimation of income and generous wit h our expenditure. the Actual Profits. while actual expenditure will also be at par or below our projected figures. therefore. The results of our analysis show t hat despite our generosity with regards to expenditure. we have still though t it necessary to further adjust our projections for unexpected setbacks. Page 5 of 5
. in order to prevent a situation where serious losses can result.