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A Journey of one Decade
1993 2003
(1986 - 1995 EC)

Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs
(Amhara Region of Ethiopia)




ffairs (Amhara)
An Illustrative
Issue


Produced By: Mesfin Raji
2004





Pictures tells
more than words
An illustrative
issue




/ // / !! !! !! !!
































Awareness raising Programme for Employers & trade unions leaders on HIV/AIDS prevention
/

















































Capacity building Programme for labour inspectors on workplace hazards monitoring equipments
()



























Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 1 -








f ff f f ff fz zz z z zz z ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^Y YY Y Y YY Y r rr r r rr r. .. . . .. . + ++ + + ++ +V VV V V VV V . .. . . .. .+ ++ + + ++ +. .. . . .. . Y YY Y Y YY Y. .. . . .. .u uu u u uu u / // / / // / . .. . . .. . n nn n n nn n
( (( ( ( (( (f ff f f ff fz zz z z zz z 0 00 0 0 00 00 00 0 0 00 0. .. . . .. . 0 00 0 0 00 0. .. . . .. . 0 00 0 0 00 0 Y YY Y Y YY Y ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ + ++ + + ++ +) )) ) ) )) )







E Em mp pl lo oy ym me en nt t A Ac cc ci id de en nt t & & H HI IV V/ /A AI ID DS S
( (c ch ha al ll le en ng ge es s a at t a a w wo or rk kp pl la ac ce e) )




















Amhara National Regional
State
Bureau of Labour & Social
Affairs
Department of Labour
Bahirdar
October 2004

0 m. A^ 0 m. A^ 0 m. A^ 0 m. A^
m7nd m7nd m7nd m7nd
4V u0 18Y 0.C 4V u0 18Y 0.C 4V u0 18Y 0.C 4V u0 18Y 0.C
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0ut8t 0ut8t 0ut8t 0ut8t
T19d |007 T19d |007 T19d |007 T19d |007 .9 .9 .9 .9
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 2 -






Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 3 -



Contents Contents Contents Contents/

Order/
1r9 1r9 1r9 1r9
44A 44A 44A 44A
Title/tn tn tn tn Page
Preface 1
m19

4
Introduction 5 2
m0.! 6
Regional trend of employment accidents 3
(Chart 1) A^ fz ^Y r. n4d /0T1A/

7
Annual trend of regional Employment Accident for all registration 4
(Chart 2) A^V m^ fz ^Y r. n4d /0P^ 66A

8
Number of Reporting Undertakings Annually 5
(Chart 3) 0fm4 fz ^Y r. 2td !r1 t?4+ d

9
Annual Employment Accident trend of selected six Undertakings based on
their report regularity
6
(Chart 4)
0fm4 fz ^Y r. f4n40T nnd t?4+ 0mr0uYd
2td r.T


10
Accident Frequency and Severity Rates from 1986-1995 Ec. 7
(Chart 5) fr. 1AV rd 9Y |08-|00 .9

11
Employment Accidents by Age group 8
(Chart 6) fz ^Y r. 0 66A

12
Gender aspect for all registered accidents 9
(Chart 7) f4m10 z ^Y r.+ P^ 1^

13
Working days lost due to Employment Accidents 10
(Chart 8) 0z ^Y r.+ 97!d f0Y fz 1V4+

14
Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings (in Birr) 11
(Chart 9) 0z ^Y r.+ 97!d 08 t?4+ f0Y f17 mm7 /0t/

15
Employment Accident by their causes 12
(Chart 10) fz ^Y r.+V m7n.T

16
Annual Expenditure of 2 major industries due to Employment Accidents(in Birr)
[Combolcha & Bahirdar textiles]
13
(Chart 11)
0z ^Y r. 97!d 02 d^A1 t?4+ ^Y f4n4 m^ fm mm7
/fl9PAV 0ut 8t mt" mt1 4+/


17
Annual Expenditure of 2 major industries due to Employment Accidents (in Birr)
[Shoa robit tobacco & Debre birhan blanket factories]
14
(Chart 12)
0z ^Y r. 97!d 02 d^A1 t?4+ ^Y f4n4 m^ fm mm7
/hC0.d d90u 152AV r t77 t An 4+/

18
Annual Expenditure of 2 major industries due to Employment Accidents ( in Birr)
(Combolcha Tannery & Moha pepsi (Dessie) factories)
15
(Chart 13)
0z ^Y r. 97!d 02 d^A1 t?4+ ^Y f4n4 m^ fm mm7
/l9PA 48 V 1m T +n. /rn./ 4+/


19



Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 4 -







Order Title/tn tn tn tn Page
Combolcha Textiles Annual Trend of Emploment Accident 16
(Chart 14) fl9PA mt" mt1 4 m^ fz ^Y r. n4d

20
Bahir dar Textiles Annual Trend of Employment Accident 17
(Chart 15) f0ut 8t mt" mt1 4 m^ fz ^Y r. n4d

21
Shoarobit Tobaccos Annual Trend of Employment Accident 18
(Chart 16) fhC0.d d90u 152A m^ fz ^Y r. n4d

22
Debrebirhan Blankets Annual Trend of Employment Accident 19
(Chart 17) r t77 t An 4 m^ fz ^Y r. n4d

23
Combolcha Tannerys Annual Trend of Employment Accident 20
(Chart 18) fl9PA 48 4 m^ fz ^Y r. n4d

24
Moha Dessie Pepsi Colas Annual Trend of Employment Accident 21
(Chart 19) f1m rn. T+n. 4 m^ fz ^Y r. n4d

25
Impacts of HIV/HIDS at workplaces 22
.+.Y.u/.n 0z P^+ ^Y f!nd^T 45+

26
Challenges 23
0t?4+ .+.Y.u/.n7 nm^A ^ fuY 0Y^+

27
Responses 24
fm6dm. 1+

28
References 25
0.
29

APPENDIXES

26
APPENDIX-1
Regional Employment Accidents Registered from 1986EC to 1995EC 30-31
27
APPENDIX-2
Magnitude of Employment Accidents by their causes(Annual & Total) 32
28
APPENDIX-3
Magnitude of Employment Accidents by age groups(Annual & Total) 32
29
APPENDIX-4
Currently Employed Population aged ten years and above by sex and major
occupational groups

33
30
APPENDIX-5
Total Expenditure & lost working days by each undertaking 34-35
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 5 -

Preface
I
t is a message that cannot be repeated too often: there is no cure for
AIDS. A cheap effective vaccine is years away. The only way to stop the
spread of HIV infection is through prevention. HIV is a fragile virus.
The ways it is spread are well known, as are the ways to prevent
transmission.

It is therefore vital to
Constantly reinforce the simple facts about HIV infection, how it
is spread and not spread, and how to prevent it;
Contradict the persisting myths about HIV and AIDS;
Combat the superstitions and taboos related to sexual behavior;
Promote and support behavioral change.
The above remark is adapted from ILOs work place Programmes on HIV/AIDS
prevention. This bilingual publication is produced in the notion that it
will reinforce the campaign against HIV/AIDS with special emphasis given
at workplaces.
Any comment is acknowledged to enrich our subsequent issues.
























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00.+ Ar dd 0mnmd nm .6 nmnmd Y
1Y ?4+77 n80t fnm77 VT79 n4!f4+ 0rn^ 710^n7
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 6 -





Introduction

he Amhara National Regional state covers an area of 170,150 square
kilometers and has a projected population number of about 18,153,786 out of
which male are 50.13% and females are 49.87 %(-regional BoFED).

According to the 1999G.C National Labour Force Survey by CSA, 6,645,587(92.3%)
people [ 58.3%male & 41.7% female] are employed out of Economically active
population of 7,196,115. 95% of the employed people are mainly engaged on three
occupational groups; Elementary occupation(41%), skilled agricultural and
fishery(37.8%), and Crafts & Related trades(16.2%). The remaining 5% constitute
other major occupational groups (see APPENDIX-4).

Currently no official & reliable record was available about the number of
industries that are operational in the region.

Most workplaces lack information and training on occupational health and safety,
as well as how HIV/AIDS affect the productivity and deteriorate the motto decent
work for all. As professor Jorma Rantanen, president of the International
commission on occupational Health, has pointed out still 20% to 30% of the
workers in the industrialized countries, and up to 50% to 70% of the working
people in developing countries are exposed to the traditional physico-chemical,
ergonomic and safety hazards, and up to 70% of workers in many sectors, such as
health care services, report unreasonable time pressure at work leading to
stress.

That is the reason why we prompted to provide as a means of feed back mechanism
the current situation of workplaces with regard to employment accidents
registered during the past ten years. The presentation fully aided by
statistical data and interpreted charts to simplify understanding.

It is a great concern also to give a special emphasis to HIV/AIDS in relation to
its impacts, challenges and response strategies to minimize the effects on
productivity of the business sector in work places.

We are very optimistic that employers and trade unions as well as any affiliated
practitioners will give due attention to bring about hazard free & safe working
environment supported by the information given in this text.
T
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 7 -




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[ 7P+ 8.8% V n.4+4|.7%] mA4A

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Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 8 -



N
F
A

W
L
N
F
A

W
O
L
F
a
t
a
l
1
9
8
6
1
9
8
7
1
9
8
8
1
9
8
9
1
9
9
0
1
9
9
1
1
9
9
2
1
9
9
3
1
9
9
4
1
9
9
5
825
171
3
683
2
2
649
223
3
608
258
2
398
205
2
280
164
4
358
214
1
372
92
0
529
189
0
254
235
2
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
Value
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t

t
y
p
e
y
e
a
r
Regional trend of employment Accidents
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
N
F
A

W
L
N
F
A

W
O
L
F
a
t
a
l
1
9
8
6
1
9
8
7
1
9
8
8
1
9
8
9
1
9
9
0
1
9
9
1
1
9
9
2
1
9
9
3
1
9
9
4
1
9
9
5
825
171
3
683
2
2
649
223
3
608
258
2
398
205
2
280
164
4
358
214
1
372
92
0
529
189
0
254
235
2
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
Value
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t

t
y
p
e
y
e
a
r
Regional trend of employment Accidents
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995




































- NFA WL Non-fatal accidents
with Leave

- NFAWOL-Non-fatal accidents
without Leave.
NFAWL (Total) =4956(72.2%)
NFAWOL(Total)=1858(27.5%)
Fatal (Total) = 19 (0.3%)

- 6" !nm r.+(NFA
WL) m"^r r.
647 A f!
0muVT frtn
r.+ fnYd r87
!"!A 0n.^ 0A9
.+.Y.u/.n fmnd
197 0?1 nnhAt
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r8 u9V t8^ 1
mr0 z YnY
z7 m1mn7
Y1AA

What actions should be taken to
reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS
at workplaces?

.+.Y.u/.n 0z 00.+
f!rtn7 45 nm1Yn 97
YYd fm^A t98 mn
n0d?



HIV AIDS
REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 9 -

Annual t re nd of r egi onal Empl oyme nt


Acci de nt f or al l r egi s t e rat i on
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear
(total)
Annual t re nd of r egi onal Empl oyme nt
Acci de nt f or al l r egi s t e rat i on
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear
(total)



































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Total reported accidents (ten
years)-6863

Annual rate 686/Year (for
NFA) of employment 2/Year
(for Fatal) accident
NB: since the registration is based
on voluntary basis, the actual
figure is more than the current
registration

fr. mm7 0f1..
!410 f1 n.u7 t?4+
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0?1 7rm9t Y1m^A



Fighting the culture of
denial


0nYn m!7 00.
m10A




HIV AIDS
1


Attention
dd dd dd dd
More data:
inAPPENDIX-1
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 10 -



No.of Reporting Undertakings Annualy
0
5
10
15
20
25
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
U
n
d
e
r
t
a
k
i
n
g
s
report
No.of Reporting Undertakings Annualy
0
5
10
15
20
25
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
U
n
d
e
r
t
a
k
i
n
g
s
report




































REMARK
mn mn mn mn

Total Reporting = 53 Undertakings
Regular Reporting= 6 Undertakings

Combolcha textile
Bahir Dar textile
Combolcha Tannery
Shoa robit tobaco
Moha pepsi Soft drink (dessie)
Debre birhan blanket factory

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m"^Y fz ^Y r.
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d 8 n.u7 nn4
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muY7 0m8d !A44m0
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Attention
dd dd dd dd
HIV AIDS 2
Raising National awareness
of the incidence and import
of the pandemic through
among other things,
information, education and
communication.
nn 0A^ ztdV
mn44d m.
70. nm6mt fm8
d9utdV m1V
z+7 mVt
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 11 -


Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir
re port regularity re port regularity re port regularity re port regularity
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
year
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)
Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir Annual Employment Accide nt tre nd of Se lecte d Six Undertakings base d on the ir
re port regularity re port regularity re port regularity re port regularity
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
year
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)


































REMARK
mn mn mn mn

81.39% of all registered
employment accidents were
reported from the six undertakings
listed on the previous page.
Even if the Net result is stepping
up, during the first seven years in
which efforts had been done
intensively by the Bureau, it
evidently seen a declining trend if
due attention is given
m"^Y 4m10 fz
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0n+d zt m^d fmm
m947 m8+
0.!m^49 n18r dd
0mnmd m7C 4711n
m1Yn 7rA Ts 9"n.
fuY0mm!T n0d
m^d 0.C 0T7
f4711n0T m^d
0muVT fr.9 mm7
0.! A n.17n mn
4m0 .1 Y

Building capacity to address the
Dilemma facing AIDS orphans
and children exposed infection
or forced into child Labour.


n.nV n1A0d 0
f4.nm ^? A0
u9VdV n.n-+ u9Vd7
nm^r f!n+A 19
m170d



HIV
AIDS
3


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 12 -


1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
FR
SR(min)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Value
Year
Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C
FR
SR(min)
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
FR
SR(min)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Value
Year
Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C Accide nt Freque ncy and Severity Rate s from 1986-1995E. C
FR
SR(min)





































HIV AIDS
Documenting and
disseminating
information and
statistical data through
effective labour market
information systems.
fz 10! m8 zt fz 10! m8 zt fz 10! m8 zt fz 10! m8 zt d7 d7 d7 d7
0mt.dV 0mVt 0mt.dV 0mVt 0mt.dV 0mVt 0mt.dV 0mVt
0mn n^dn4 0mn n^dn4 0mn n^dn4 0mn n^dn4
m8+7 r?4 m8+7 r?4 m8+7 r?4 m8+7 r?4
n4m"+ md n4m"+ md n4m"+ md n4m"+ md
4


REMARK
mn mn mn mn

Frequency rate (FR) is the number of
injuries for each one million man-
hours of exposure. And calculated
by;
FR = Total N
o
. of accidents *10
6

Total no. of man-hours worked
Severity rate (SR) is the working
time lost in days/min for each one
thousand man-hours exposure and
calculated by:-
SR= Working days lostx1, 000
Total No of man-hours worked
fr. 1A (FR) nd 07
n.r7 fz n d nT
04+ ^Y frtn r.+
d Y
fr. rd (SR) nd r1
07 hu fz nd nT
04+ ^Y 0rtn r.+
97!d f0Y fz nd
Y





Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 13 -


Employment Accidents by Age group Employment Accidents by Age group Employment Accidents by Age group Employment Accidents by Age group
0%
2%
15%
22%
18%
17% 10%
9%
7%
0%
below 14
14-18
19-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-55
above 55
Employment Accidents by Age group Employment Accidents by Age group Employment Accidents by Age group Employment Accidents by Age group
0%
2%
15%
22%
18%
17% 10%
9%
7%
0%
below 14
14-18
19-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-55
above 55



































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Youngsters (less than 35 age) =
57%
0.12% is the smallest recorded
accident for the age group
above 55. However, no accident
recorded for the age group
below 14.
nz ^Y r. 0
4.^ fuY f AA
fdYd (8 0^+) n.u7
014 mm7 910
f4r10d f AA
0^Y (0.|2%) V f
AA |4 md 0^+
979 910 A4r10d9
Yu9 f!m^4
0dYd AA
04nY9 !T 2-20
0zT ^Y TA4Yd
n.!9 mm7 !n 0n
fm4m7 nd n.^10
7r10 !m^^A



Strengthening the capacity of
the social partners to
address the pandemic
f0A^7 ztdV
mn44d nm^d
f.C+7 19 m170dV
mVt
HIV AIDS
5


Attention
dd dd dd dd
More data:
inAPPENDIX-3
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 14 -

Gender aspect for all registerd


accidents
male, 78%
female,
22%
Gender aspect for all registerd
accidents
male, 78%
female,
22%



































REMARK
mn mn mn mn

Statistics shows Womens
are around two fifth of the
total workforce.
Womens are as half as
more cautious than their
proportion with the total
workforce.
fn^dn4n m8+
7r!m^4d n.4+
m"^r 9+ :YA
ft0 0m4 t4
^T u59 0r.
n4d ^Y 7P+ YA1
n.4+ ^T t4 nT
n A 0m1Yn
m7"" muVT7
nmnA nn.u
fn.4+7 fT7"1 t
nAd n7P+ n4^n6
Y10A



HIV AIDS
Empowering Women
economically, socially
and politically in order
to reduce their
Vulnerability to
HIV/AIDS.
n.4+ n.+.Y.u/.n
!^T7 4.^Yd
nm1Yn .l5!
0V 2n4
4"dtT7 1A0d

6


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 15 -

Working days lost due to Employment Accident Working days lost due to Employment Accident Working days lost due to Employment Accident Working days lost due to Employment Accident
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994
y
e
a
r
Days
lost days
Working days lost due to Employment Accident Working days lost due to Employment Accident Working days lost due to Employment Accident Working days lost due to Employment Accident
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994
y
e
a
r
Days
lost days
































REMARK
mn mn mn mn

The gross working time lost by
44 undertakings is 29,102 days,
which means an average of 66
days (greater than 2 months)
per year per undertaking, if we
assume that effective working
days are 6 days/Week or 300
days/Year. The Remaining 9
undertakings did not give any
leave days.
The great proportion of the lost
working days, above 75%,
contributed by; combolcha &
Bahirdar textiles, Shoarobit
tobacco, and D/birhan blanket
factories. That implies the lost
working days shot up to 546 per
year per undertakings.
0r. 97!d m"^Y 0444
t?4+ 0zt m^d
1.. nT f0Y fz 1.. 20,
|02 1Vd n.uY fz 1V4+7
0"97d nnd Y9 0md 800
1V4+7 ^"0. 0 f0Y
1.. 0Y 0!7878 t?d
1Vd(2 d 0^Y) 0md
muY7 78n7 f41sd m
t?4+ 979 YYd 6"
Anm9
0Yd fz 1V4+ nT
7 t4 7% 0^Y
!nm10d d t?4+ n.uY
Yn9 l9PA V 0/8t
mt"mt1 4+ hC0.d
d90uV r/t77 t An
4+ VTYu9 nd
0ft?4T 0md f0Yd
fz 1V4+ 4 frt"n
nd Y




HIV AIDS
Promoting transformation
of gender roles, norms and
Social structures.
fzt4 P^ V
fu/n0 m1A1!
r7P+7 V u0
491+7 n44d
7


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 16 -

0
10000
20000
30000
40000
50000
60000
70000
M
o
n
e
y
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings
( in Birr) ( in Birr) ( in Birr) ( in Birr)
amount
0
10000
20000
30000
40000
50000
60000
70000
M
o
n
e
y
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings Money spent due to Employment Accident by 53 Undertakings
( in Birr) ( in Birr) ( in Birr) ( in Birr)
amount

































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


The gross amount of
Money spent by 44
undertakings is 306, 050
Birr. Which shows an
average of 10.52 Birr, has
been paid freely for every
lost day due to accidents, in
the form of salary. That is
as proportional as hiring
two daily laborers per day
for about two months.
m"^Y 044 t?4+
0z ^Y r. 97!d
t 80.00 0rm
mA ^A40d
z m t1A
Yu9 0Y
n!7878 ^A40d
17 t |0.2 m
mmf17 !mn^A
Yu9 0nd f17
4+7
nnnd d nm1mt
f!n+A m Y



HIV AIDS
8
Integrating HIV/AIDS
in existing Social
Security schemes and
developing new ones to
ensure coverage for all.
f0n79 4
4m"Yd n.1T
78.A.+.Y.u/.n7
f4r1nf0
ndV "+ .t
1VdV 88.n
"+79 m1fn


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 17 -

Empoyment Accident by thier Causes Empoyment Accident by thier Causes Empoyment Accident by thier Causes Empoyment Accident by thier Causes
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
M
a
c
h
i
n
e
O
t
h
e
r
s
F
a
l
li
n
g

&

S
l
ip
p
i
n
g
H
a
n
d

t
o
o
ls
C
o
l
l
is
i
o
n
M
i
s
h
a
n
d
l
i
n
g
S
p
li
n
t
e
r
F
a
l
li
n
g

O
b
je
c
t
s
T
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t
A
c
i
d
s
I
m
p
r
o
p
e
r

u
s
a
g
e
E
l
e
c
t
r
ic
E
x
p
lo
s
i
v
e
s
A
n
im
a
l
s
S
l
id
e
Causes
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
magnitude
Empoyment Accident by thier Causes Empoyment Accident by thier Causes Empoyment Accident by thier Causes Empoyment Accident by thier Causes
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
M
a
c
h
i
n
e
O
t
h
e
r
s
F
a
l
li
n
g

&

S
l
ip
p
i
n
g
H
a
n
d

t
o
o
ls
C
o
l
l
is
i
o
n
M
i
s
h
a
n
d
l
i
n
g
S
p
li
n
t
e
r
F
a
l
li
n
g

O
b
je
c
t
s
T
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t
A
c
i
d
s
I
m
p
r
o
p
e
r

u
s
a
g
e
E
l
e
c
t
r
ic
E
x
p
lo
s
i
v
e
s
A
n
im
a
l
s
S
l
id
e
Causes
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
magnitude



































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


The first three major causes
are:-
Machine 28.26%
Other causes other than
listed-16.11%
Falling & slipping-
13.43%
NB
Machines are very prone for
HIV/AIDS transmission.
0A5+ YYd
frtn r.+
18Y47 z6 f!
n.uY Yu9
!rtn 18d 79t
nr9 m6nn f.nT
n n 0muY f.!Y
!uA n.+.Y.u/.n
mn44d mT A
Y5A nn.u dd
0A5+ !!V
m"19 ^Y n.5t
Y10A





HIV
AIDS
9
Eliminating the stigma and
discrimination attached to
HIV/AIDS by adopting and
applying the ILOs
international Labour
standards and national
Labour legistation.
fn9 z t?d
0.+.Y.u/.n 97!d
frtn7 m1nAV
mA nn1d
!T7 fz r8+V
0714 z ^Y fn7
fV 4 18Y u
40

Attention
dd dd dd dd
More data:
InAPPENDIX-2
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 18 -

Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt
Acci de nts(i n Bi r r ) Acci de nts(i n Bi r r ) Acci de nts(i n Bi r r ) Acci de nts(i n Bi r r )
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
35000
40000
45000
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
m
o
u
n
t
Comb tex
Bdr tex
Linear
(Comb tex)
Linear (Bdr
tex)
Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt Annual Expe di tur e of 2 major i ndustr i e s due to Empl oyme nt
Acci de nts(i n Bi r r ) Acci de nts(i n Bi r r ) Acci de nts(i n Bi r r ) Acci de nts(i n Bi r r )
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
35000
40000
45000
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
m
o
u
n
t
Comb tex
Bdr tex
Linear
(Comb tex)
Linear (Bdr
tex)




































REMARK
mn mn mn mn

Combolcha and Bahirdar textiles
contribute 56.62% out of the total
accidents registered in 53
undertakings. Both have identical
size.
The gross expenditures of each
undertakings amounts (in terms
of salary only)
- Combolcha textile - 147,965 (48.35%)
-B/dar textile - 40,437 (13.21%)
fl9PAV 0ut 8t mt"
mt1 4+ ^T
4m""Y ft?d n4d
79t m"^r 910
4r10T8 t?4+ nT
.2% t4 f0n4
4+ Y
f0n4 4+ m"^Y
m (0rm mA)
-l9PA - |47.0 (48.8%)
-0ut 8t - 40.487 (|8.2|%)
n.u7 l/ mt" mt1
.74t+Y 0/8t
mt"mt1 YA1
m^ m 64 muY7
!"!A u59 fm mVt
rtn r. .t 4!!mYd
0.59 0|08. |087. |080.
|000 V |002 l9PA YA1
0/8t mt"mt1 64 r.
!nm10 0muY 6!
4!!mYd 7rn.n
!mn^A m^ 19 Y1s
18d nrn0d 4 01
f11! 1.. mnm4
^Y Y



HIV AIDS 10
Incorporating
HIV/AIDS
considerations into
the development
agenda and budget
allocations.
0t?4+ fAd
78 V 0d
9r0 1d
.+.Y.u/.n79
78.4d


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 19 -


Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt
Ac c ide nts(in Birr) Ac c ide nts(in Birr) Ac c ide nts(in Birr) Ac c ide nts(in Birr)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
m
o
u
n
t
ShoRob
D/bir blan
Linear
(ShoRob)
Linear (D/bir
blan)
Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt Annual Ex p e nditure o f 2 majo r indus trie s due to Emp lo yme nt
Ac c ide nts(in Birr) Ac c ide nts(in Birr) Ac c ide nts(in Birr) Ac c ide nts(in Birr)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
m
o
u
n
t
ShoRob
D/bir blan
Linear
(ShoRob)
Linear (D/bir
blan)


































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Shoa Robit tobacco and Debre
birhan Blanket factories contribute
21% out of the total accidents
registered in 53 undertakings.
The gross expenditure of each
undertakings amounts (in terms of
salary only)
- Shoa Robit 22,814 (7.45%)
-D/Birhan- 35,568 (11.62%)
hC0.d d90u t4 AdV
r/t77 t An 4+
0T9t m"^r 910
4r10T 8 t?4+ nT
2|% t4 ^T
f0n4 4+ m"^Y m
(0rm mA)
-hC0.d ------- 22.8|4 (7.4%)
-r/t77 -------- 8.8 (||.2%)
n.u7 r/t77 t An
m^ m fmm 0.u79
|00| .9 8.u 0m1Yn ^Y
7r1 n.m19 04Y99Yd
hC0.d d90u m^ m
04^^YYd f1Yn m947
m8 Ym1A



HIV AIDS
11
Creating a rapid
response
mechanism to
mitigate against the
implication of the
pandemic.
nn 0A^
mn44dV ztd
dt19 7 9^A
0mnmd m1Yn
f!n+n "+7
m1fn


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 20 -

AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment
Accidents(in Birr) Accidents(in Birr) Accidents(in Birr) Accidents(in Birr)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
m
o
u
n
t
Comb tan
Moha(Dessie)
Linear (Moha(Dessie))
Linear (Comb tan)
AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment AnnualExpenditure of2majorindustries due toEmployment
Accidents(in Birr) Accidents(in Birr) Accidents(in Birr) Accidents(in Birr)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
m
o
u
n
t
Comb tan
Moha(Dessie)
Linear (Moha(Dessie))
Linear (Comb tan)


































REMARK
mn mn mn mn

Combolcha Tannery and Moha
Soft drinks (dessie) factories
contribute 3.77% out of the total
accidents registered in 53
undertakings.
The gross expenditure of each
undertakings amounts (in terms
of salary only)
- Combolcha 1,562 (0.51%)
- Moha (Dessie) 6,885(2.25%)

l9PA 48 4V 1m
T+n. nn^" mmu+
.78nd /rn./ 0T9d
m"^r 910 4r10T
8 t?4+ nT 8.77% t4
^T
f0n4 4+ m"^Y
m (0rm mA)
-l9PA -----|.2 (0.|%)
-1m ------------ .88 (2.2%)
n.u7 f1m T+n. m^ m
l9PA 48 4 .t
n.Y90t 64V 0mmmt ^Y
f1 muY7 n.m19
l9PA 48 070s
f1Yn m947 Ym1A
u59 fm1Yn 0Y^ z
m11 .t n.!! nn+A
98 ^Y mn !nTA




HIV
AIDS
12
Promoting income
and employment
opportunities for
PLWHA and their
families through, for
example, informal
sector and small
enterprise
development
nYn .t
n5s 15+ f10.
n1 fz
n-+7 m6mt

Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 21 -

Combolcha Textile's Annual Trend of Employment Accident


0
100
200
300
400
500
600
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
id
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Combolcha Textile's Annual Trend of Employment Accident
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
id
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female


































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Combolcha textile exclusively
contributing 34.37% stands
first out of the total accidents
registered.
Up to 1992E.C, the progress
was almost constant but from
1992 onwards, the trend
started to step up.
l9PA mt" mt1
7 m"^r 910
4r1 r. nT
84.87% 0nm1
18Y47 z6 YA
n |002 .9 n
04 ^Y Ym1
fY0 fr. mm7
04m""Y r8 0.u79
|002 .9 8.u f41
0Y^ ^Y40^A Yu9
0PY 00nm! nm5t
0mn Yr Y0
f48m 71n"n. .t
n.!! 7r+A
Y1m^A



HIV AIDS
13
Strengthening
occupational safety
and health systems to
protect groups at risk.
fm! ru7YdV
m.7Yd T0"
z+7 mVt


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 22 -


Bahirdar Textile's Annual Trend of Emploment Accident
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)
Bahirdar Textile's Annual Trend of Emploment Accident
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)





























REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Bahir dar textile exclusively
contributing 22.25% stands
second out of the total accidents
registered.
Throughout the years, the
registered accident shows
inconsistency, attributing a
descending trend that might be
associated with unavailability of
record in 1994.
0ut 8t mt"mt1 7
m"^r 910 4r1
fr. mm7 22.2%
0nm1 00n4 r8 ^Y
Y1A
00n9 m^d f4m10d
r.+ TYd fn.^T
n.u7 Y1t 7 fm1Yn
! Y4A Yu9
9VA0d 0|004 .9 0t?4
nnrnd r.+ 910
0nmr1 n.u7 7r+A
Y1m^A



HIV AIDS
14
Formulating and
implementing Social and
Labour policies and
programmes that
mitigate the effect of
AIDS.
f.n 18d7 m1Yn
f!n+n 0V
f4 n48rt
2n.n.+7V +C1+7
m1V m40t

Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 23 -

Shoarobit Tobacco's Annual Trend of Employment Accident


0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)
Shoarobit Tobacco's Annual Trend of Employment Accident
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Year
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Shoarobit tobacco exclusively
contributing 11.75% stands
third out of the total accidents
registered.
Surprisingly, the registered
accidents show a drastic
decline throughout the years
under report.
hC0.d d90u 7
m"^r 910 4r1
fr. mm7 ||.7%
0nm1 9n4 r8
^Y Y1A
f4m10d r.+
00n9 f2td m^d
0n1 0Y^
fA4A4A 0uY
Y4A 97!47
m1md9 nT. u5
414A 9VA0d9
z 0uY n.!9
f4mV fr. m^A
ztd mt.d7 m470Y
0.A9 0TVd n..1T
Y10A


Attention
dd dd dd dd


HIV AIDS 15
Effectively mobilizing
resources
m.^ f7d
m"19 ztd
m6mt
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 24 -

Debrebirihan Blanket's Annual Trend of Employment


Accident
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)

































REMARK
mn mn mn mn


Debrebirhan blanket exclusively
contributing 9.25% stands
fourth out of the total accidents
registered.

The occurrence of the accidents
shows inconsistency throughout
the years under report but
encouraging result seem to be
obtained from 1986-1990 and
1991 on wards. However the net
effect is ascending up ward.

r t77 t An
4 7 m"^r
910 4r1 fr.
mm7 0.2% 0nm1
4 r8 ^Y Y1A

f4m10d r.+
fm71 0Y^
0.^Y0T9 |08-|000 V
|00| .9 8.u fm1Yn
0Y^ Y4A u59
m"^r 910 f41
0Y^ Y^Y0^A


Attention
dd dd dd dd



HIV AIDS
16
Improving
availability and
affordability of
drugs.
fm7Yd 1tPd7V
4mYd 44A
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 25 -

Combolcha Tannery's Annual Trend of Employment


Accident
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)
Combolcha Tannery's Annual Trend of Employment
Accident
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)


































HIV AIDS
17
In corporating
HIV/AIDS in
collective
bargaining
agreements.
.+.Y.u/.n7
0d n99Yd
tt nT 4d


Attention
dd dd dd dd


REMARK
mn mn mn mn

Combolcha Tannery exclusively
contributing 2.53% stands
seventh out of the total
accidents registered. In which
in between there are, (Both are
reporting from 1991 E.C on
wards)
-Ayeu (Ethio) farm Dev.- 5.01% (5
th
)
-B.G.I beer factory- 4.09%(6
th
)

The trend shows a gradual
decline for unidentified reason.
However, it was assumed that it
is associated with the decline of
the business activity.

l9PA 48 4 7
m"^r 910 4r1
fr. mm7 2.8%
0nm1 n04 r8 ^Y
n.1 0m7n f4m10d
/0n49 910 fmsd
|00| 8.u Y/
-f0 /.dr/ t4 Ad- .0|%
/9n4/
-0..8.Y 0. 4- 4.00%
/nn4/ VT

fr. n4d 0m"^r
f910 m^d nT 0A
0A^1 97!d 064
6TYd fm1Yn !
f^f0d n.u7 9VA0d9
9td m11 .t n.!!
7r+A Y1m^A
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 26 -

Moha Dessie Pepsi Cola's Annual Trend of Employment Accident


0
5
10
15
20
25
30
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)
Moha Dessie Pepsi Cola's Annual Trend of Employment Accident
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Years
A
c
c
i
d
e
n
t
s
(
N
F
A
)
total
male
female
Linear (total)



































HIV AIDS 18
Undertake research and
surveys to determine the
implications of
HIV/AIDS for the world
of work.
0z n9
.+.Y.u/.n nn10d
0Y^ TVdV 9t9C+7
7


REMARK
mn mn mn mn

Moha pepsi cola (Dessie)
exclusively contributing 1.24%
stands Ninth out of the total
accidents registered. In which,
Bahirdar Edible oil factory
exhibiting 1.81% stands eighth
(regularly reporting up to 1993
E.C).

The trend shows almost an
average of six accidents per
year except that of 1994E.C
which, escalate more than four
times.

1m T+n. /rn./ 7
m"^r 910 4r1
fr. mm7 |.24%
0nm1 mY r8 ^Y
n.u7 0n974 r8 ^Y
f4m10 0ut 8t 9
Yd 4 n |008 .9
0mr0Yd 0nm10
A7 YA /|.8|%/

fr. n4d |004 .9
910 0n41t 0m
m^d 0Y 0md
r.+ f4m10 n.u7
0|004 .9 d T6
0^Y A Y0


Attention
dd dd dd dd
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 27 -





















































f :YA 1tPd Td
fnnmYV A9 !^T 0nm!+
ud
z m1dV !n1.. 0m^ m1nA
00A^ 04m1 4+ ^Y 0rtn
AV m1nA "0.! z7 0"d
md nmA
f1A0d . mmmt
n.7h7n fA +f9 mmmt
fzAmV m mVt
14 9t^Yd 0.u9 "0.! z
fm0t n.d nT mr1
0tV f4ns 4+ 0n4d
mm"dV f9 ndV n.d
f9tdV 1An-d 6^1d A4A4A
f.7undm7d nm0^^d 0.u9
97!d f.78nd Ad mn4+1A
f0 ndV 49dV m.V
1An-4+ V nT mr1
n.4+ 00.d nTV 09td 40t !^T
V f0r m7
f0.4n 10. m1YnV fuYd m00n
A+ !n"81. m1dV n18V uYd
m.nT
A+ n1A0d 0 m8
n.4+ 0md 40t ^Y 0n4d
mnd
0n0 9n1A1A mmt









Reduced supply of Labour and
High turnover
Loss of skilled and experienced
workers
Absenteeism and early
retirement
Productivity suffers due to
stigma & Discrimination
Increased Labour cost,
insurance premium and training
cost
Lower productivity as a result
frustration and fear of
redundancy
Food insecurity in agricultural
sector
Declining of supply and demand
Discouragement of investment
An increased pressure on Social
security and health institution
An increased pressure on women
to earn income as well as care
for the sick
Decrease of household income
and poverty aggravation
Increase of orphans, street
children, and prostitution
Increase child Labour
Bringing chaos in the community
Impacts of
HIV/AIDS
at workplaces

.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n 0z 0z 0z 0z
P^+ ^Y f!nd^T P^+ ^Y f!nd^T P^+ ^Y f!nd^T P^+ ^Y f!nd^T
4Z5+ 4Z5+ 4Z5+ 4Z5+

Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 28 -


















































1. Convincing businesses to set
up comprehensive, sustained
progremmes
2. Getting businesses to adopt
relevant policies
3. Obtaining management
commitment
4. Ensuring confidentiality and
Non-discrimination
5. Supporting staff with
HIV/AIDS
6. Dealing with attitudes of co-
workers
7. Sustaining involvement





|. f4^ f41VV 1YYd !n +C9 Yt
0m711n ! +7 f"m7 "d
nm1A0d
t?4+ n.u 40t fA 7d
nmmr Y9 410. 1d nm5t
TA4Yd nT m0d
Y9 18r7 19 0^Y t1 ffd
Y9 u/n0 .t !^T 7Yd f^^ mu7 1
n.!1 f+n0d7 . !n

2. 40V 410YYd !^T 2n.n.+7 Yt
f711n t?d !nd
AYdV 49 mnYd f1^T
71 2n.n. .t fYV0
0Y^T m0V ft 1.. mu7 /n9"n.
f7 1.. zAmV +C9/

8. fY?m747 1tmYd nd
m.^V 40 fu7 2n.n. 1t
nm71"1n fY?m74 Y4 4"dtV d.d
YmY"A
fY?m7d 4"dt fn.^79 fz 6^1d
!".A
4. nm.Yd7 .1T A7 0n1
Y.u 1A6 18r+ ^Y 4 Tt n
n.+.Y.u/.n m^A 7r Y mA+
0uY f0nt 0A^+ u9V nmm19
77 r t?4 n.Y Y79

. n0A^ 4m1+ 410.7 .6 m7
+ t?4+ n.n um7 n^1.
1An-4+ n1 TA4Yd !"!n
/fu9VV f9t 1An-4+/
1An-4 0.5t9 r1 ft?4 fnT t
fY1!ftV dt 0muY 09tm m.d ^Y
f4m4 fz P^ mTd 40t
Y099 / fz P^ ^Y fmmr/

. fn.n-+ fz 0ArP+7 f40 mnd fn4A
4^^YYd !n d9utdV zAmV+ nn
.+.Y.u/.n n4+ A4nm 4m1+
fm1nA 0Y^ Yrtn0TA
07r.u !n 0Y^ nT 4+ 0.n
f4!7 Yu7 4YA 4n- f^n
4 9t f+s 0n0.d YuVA n7
n.nT f1r7 Y1t fT^^dV fnA
0Y^+ Yn^n

7. f0n0.dYd nd fn
0z 00.+ f1 T +C1+
f4 f0n0.dYd m7n A470010T
mY Y1n
f n m9u7 4n4 m1T r.9
n+C1+ ml^hd 64 n4 n


Challenges
0t?4+ 0t?4+ 0t?4+ 0t?4+ .+.Y.u/.n7 .+.Y.u/.n7 .+.Y.u/.n7 .+.Y.u/.n7 nm^A nm^A nm^A nm^A
^ fuY 0Y^+ ^ fuY 0Y^+ ^ fuY 0Y^+ ^ fuY 0Y^+
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 29 -






















































1. Policy formulation and
implementation.
2. Multi-sectoral involvement in
planning programmes.
3. Special Occupations.
4. Broadening the scope of formal
and informal education.
5. Condom availability.
6. Provision of STD treatment,
and other care.
7. Counseling, care and support
for employees with HIV.
8. HIV testing.
9. Monitoring and evaluating
programmes.
10. Alliance building with the wider
community.




|. f2n.n. 19V d0
VT9 0z P^ ^Y f1 .+.Y.u/.n
2n.n.+ A fY9 AYd7 nm.Yd7V
fu9V dnYd7 ff.m mu7 Y10TA
2. 01 T f0n79 fz 6n-+ 4"dt 4d
4 Y?m7d t?4 m.V 499
.7h7nV 4n9 fm 0n07 044
mA f7 1 T m.^ YuVA
8. nAr fz mrP+ dd mnmd
fr9 .t 7. fm6mt .!T fn4 0uY
fz mnl+ ^Y 410. fT7"1 7rd m4n7
.1T
4. fmr0V mr0 !AuY fd9utd nT n7
n4d
fz 00.+ 0VT9 mA d9utd
nm1n9 9T z6+ 0muVT fnmd
d9ut4+ f47 A9 0uAV n0A^
fm.nT !+7 044 mA m.d
n0T
. fl7P9 ztd
fl7P9 ntd 04m . /4n9 0Y9/
04! A5+ 0t?4 7d n48rt Y9
n.Y Yd n4 f^rA0d 0Y^7
m6mt
n4Y^T f4.1m mu7 Y10A
. n0nt 0A^+ u9V mn 49d7 rd
f0^t 0A^ 014 u9V f!1 uY f.n
ztd7 0?1 !0A
7. f9t/70.V .6 1An-4+7 mVt
00A^ f4m1 4+ f9t 1An-d 1V
410. 70.V .6 4r1^T f"T7V
f0.4n0T7 uYd ..d A 9t^
.. mu7 Y+^n
8. f.+.Y.u/.n fr9 9tm
1+ f.+.Y.u/.n 9tm7 7r "d
mn.! f1Tt mntd mn fn0T9 0u9
f4nn Y 97!49 fr1 9tm fz
00. nYn Y9 muY7 fndV .1
YnT9V Y
06"rYd ^Y f4m4 fr9 9tm
n.0^^V 9T 0Y^+ 4A4 n.1 Y10A
0. 010 +C1+ ^Y fddAV f91 zt4+7
mt.d
f^18 +C1+ 041mm^T 0
md m.d !n1 muVTV nmuVT
0f1.. n.4A Y10A
mA+ 0Y^+7 0mnfd n9"n. f0nt
0A^+ m1Yn fAlAV nn 9m
m"19 m1Yn f4+ 4"dt
fr... 4 m.47 mnd
n4n4 +C+ 7 m6dm. 0m4d fn4!
t98+7 mn
|0. m 0n .t !n7 dnnt 0T01 7Yd
m6mt
fz 00. 0n0 fVVtV fz
71n"n. .t f41V0 A7r 4YTn-
f1 m.d n1^Yd Y59
Responses

fm6dm. 1+ fm6dm. 1+ fm6dm. 1+ fm6dm. 1+

Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 30 -
























































HIV/AIDS and the workplace: forging innovative business
responses (UNAIDS Best practice collection)
Implementing the ILO code of practice on HIV/AIDS and the
world of work an education and training manual
How to deal with HIV/AIDS in the workplace: ILO Programme
on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (CD-Rom)
African News letter on occupational Health and safety, Volume
14, number 2, August 2004
Statistical Report on the 1999 National Labour Force Survey,
CSA, March 1999, Addis Ababa.
0 m. A^ m7zd f17V .l5 0.C
0Ym^ V 0 0Ym^ V 0 0Ym^ V 0 0Ym^ V 0 md f 66A 08V 0P7 md f 66A 08V 0P7 md f 66A 08V 0P7 md f 66A 08V 0P7
f44Y0f fu d f44Y0f fu d f44Y0f fu d f44Y0f fu d7Pd |00 .90ut8t
References/0. 0. 0. 0.
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 31 -

APPENDIX-1:REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT ACCIDENTS REGISTERD FROM 1986EC TO 1995EC


NUMBER OF NON FATAL ACCIDENTS
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 TOTAL %
N
O
NAME
N
O

O
F

E
M
P
L
O
Y
E
E
S

M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T

1
Combolcha
Textile 2155 78 10 88 106 18 124 143 24 167 110 10 120 88 14 102 102 19 121 131 24 155 340 80 420 455 114 569 377 109 486 1930 422 2352 34.37
2
Baihr Dar
Textile 1689 177 66 243 96 35 131 54 18 72 129 76 205 101 41 142 45 27 72 159 101 260 72 46 118 0 0 0 197 83 280 1030 493 1523 22.25
3
Shoarobit
Tobaco 999 0 0 0 252 60 312 62 6 68 93 24 117 57 18 75 24 2 26 53 47 100 26 8 34 9 4 13 46 13 59 622 182 804 11.75
4
D/birhan
Blanket 910 64 15 79 21 10 31 16 7 23 45 19 64 11 3 14 83 30 113 46 19 65 78 29 107 65 18 83 39 15 54 468 165 633 9.25
5
Ayu(Ethio) farm
dev 2569 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 60 37 97 55 55 110 56 30 86 36 14 50 0 0 0 207 136 343 5.01
6
B.G.I beer
factory 160 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 70 14 84 84 6 90 40 4 44 45 0 45 16 1 17 255 25 280 4.09
7
Combolcha
Tannery 117 14 0 14 34 0 34 26 2 28 23 0 23 29 3 32 19 0 19 5 0 5 1 0 1 3 0 3 14 0 14 168 5 173 2.53
8
Bahir Dar
Edibel oil 126 25 0 25 37 2 39 19 1 20 0 0 0 12 0 12 5 1 6 9 3 12 9 1 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 116 8 124 1.81
9
Moha soft
drinks(Gonder) 145 13 4 17 3 0 3 5 8 13 2 4 6 12 3 15 21 4 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 57 23 80 1.17
10
ERA
combolcha
ditrict 352 0 0 0 31 0 31 15 0 15 9 0 9 9 0 9 2 0 2 4 0 4 3 0 3 6 0 6 0 0 0 79 0 79 1.15
11
ELFORA meat
combolcha 430 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 1 3 1 2 3 4 1 5 30 8 38 8 3 11 0 0 0 4 0 4 51 15 66 0.96
12
Moha soft
drinks(Dessie) 151 13 1 14 10 0 10 1 0 1 5 0 5 6 0 6 5 0 5 4 0 4 7 0 7 28 0 28 5 0 5 84 1 85 1.24
13
ALMESH farm
dev 83 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 0 19 3 0 3 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 24 0 24 0.35
14
OXFAM joint
transport 68 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 3 8 12 0 12 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 3 21 0.31
15
ABU Road
costraction 655 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 0 19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 0 19 0.28
16 Mersa Tannery 54 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 1 10 2 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 1 5 0 5 0 0 0 18 1 19 0.28
17

EWWCA(comb
olcha) 152 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 7 7 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 14 0.20
18 Dashen Beer 200 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 2 14 11 2 13 0 0 0 23 4 27 0.39
19 Gonder printing 91 6 3 9 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 4 11 0.16
20
Gonder
Ginnery 113 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 5 0 2 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 4 10 0.15
21
ELFORA chefa
Agri. Dev. 152 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 2 7 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 2 10 2 12 0.18
22
Wello Rural
Road 263 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 3 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 1 7 0.10
23
Lay Ber Agri.
Dev. 4123 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 3 8 0.12
24
Hamusit Este
Rural Road 238 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 7 0.10
25
Gonder Edibel
Oil 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 6 0.09
26
Kemisse Bora
Rural Road 45 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 0.06

TOTAL
16160 390 99 489 593 125 718 385 72 457 430 139 569 351 85 436 462 135 597 595 266 861 662 203 865 666 152 818 700 221 921 5234 1497 6731 98.35
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 32 -

NUMBER OF NON FATAL ACCIDENTS


1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
TOTAL
N
O

NAME NO OF
EMPL
OYEE
S
M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T
%
27 KOSPI 54 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 6 0 6 0.09
28 Woldia Tele 56 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 0.06
29 Tach Ber Agri. Dev. 435 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 0.04
30 Debre Berhan Tannery 49 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 0.04
31 Des Ginnery(Gonder) 203 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0.03
32 Tekur Abay Transport S.Co. 291 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0.03
33 ELFORA meat Gonder 110 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0.03
34 Spi Enertrans Electrical Inst. 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0.03
35
Yshewatsehai berhanu
Furniture 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0.03
36 Worku Husen Furniture 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0.03
37
Aycheluem Yredaw
Furniture 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0.03
38 Woldia Rural Road 198 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
39 Debre Tabor Rural Road 89 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
40 Auto Parko Furniture 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
41
Mesay Andarge Metal
Works 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
42
Mahteme Mengesha Wood
Works 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
43
Arefeayne Mesgana Wood
Works 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
44
Workeneh G/ab Wood
Works 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
45 Esleman Ahemed Edibel Oil 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
46 China Wanbo road Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
47 Japan Garage 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.01
48 SATCON Construction 740 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 8 17 9 8 17 0.25
49 Alemayeu Ketema G/Cons. 383 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 4 15 11 4 15 0.22
50 Nayl Indu.Engeenering 19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0.01
51 Century 21 Construction 675 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 9 30 21 9 30 0.44
52 Dragados J & P road Cons. 1100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 10 10 0 10 0.15
53 EEPCO B/dar Regional Off. 455 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00
TOTAL 6904 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 7 3 0 3 8 0 8 6 0 6 4 1 5 6 1 7 2 0 2 54 21 75 86 27 113 1.65
GRAND TOTAL 23064 390 99 489 593 125 718 388 76 464 433 139 572 359 85 444 468 135 603 599 267 866 668 204 872 668 152 820 754 242 996
53
20
15
24 6844 100.00
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional
State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 33 -




APPENDIX-2: Magnitude of employment accidents by their causes (Annual and Total)



APPENDIX-3: Magnitude of employment accidents by age group (Annual and Total)
Number of Accidents
Ser.No. Age group
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Total %
1 below 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 14-18 10 37 6 17 8 18 23 20 4 17 160 2.32
3 19-24 60 181 96 69 47 101 187 113 85 126 1065 15.4
4 25-29 81 145 117 101 94 134 182 214 231 153 1452 21.1
5 30-34 77 102 86 72 73 125 152 167 197 215 1266 18.4
6 35-39 79 93 60 86 60 86 135 174 176 216 1165 16.9
7 40-44 57 62 38 63 50 54 86 95 72 115 692 10
8 45-49 85 63 46 92 56 39 71 47 28 96 623 9.03
9 50-55 39 34 19 67 60 48 31 44 30 93 465 6.74
10 above 55 3 1 0 1 0 2 0 1 0 0 8 0.12
Total 491 718 468 568 448 607 867 875 823 1031 6896 100




Number of all Accidents
ser.
N
o
.
Cause of
Accidents
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Total %
1 Machine
165
101 116 157 103 138 220 209 210 530 1949 28.26
2 Others 77 81 67 90 75 106 143 197 181 94 1111 16.11
3 Falling & Slipping 92 109 45 81 60 71 101 122 133 112 926 13.43
4 Hand tools 32 60 35 45 43 86 118 96 72 59 646 9.37
5 Collision 32 72 51 72 64 50 47 64 53 65 570 8.27
6 Mishandling 14 52 22 28 28 58 69 70 52 49 442 6.41
7 Splinter 23 99 38 22 22 40 36 35 38 26 379 5.50
8 Falling Objects 30 75 22 25 21 23 47 15 11 19 288 4.18
9 Transport 6 19 33 19 9 15 14 27 34 18 194 2.81
10 Acids 11 27 20 9 11 10 14 8 17 13 140 2.03
11 Improper usage 1 3 0 10 0 1 40 0 10 38 103 1.49
12 Electric 1 6 7 4 5 4 11 11 4 0 53 0.77
13 Explosives 2 3 6 1 4 2 4 9 7 1 39 0.57
14 Animals 1 9 4 3 0 1 2 5 1 6 32 0.46
15 Slide 4 2 2 2 3 2 1 7 0 1 24 0.35
Total 491 718 468 568 448 607 867 875 823 1031 6896 100
% 7.12 10.41 6.79 8.24 6.50 8.80 12.57 12.69 11.93 14.95 100
Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional
State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 34 -




APPENDIX-4: Currently Employed Population aged ten years and above by sex and Major
occupational groups.


URBAN RURAL URBAN+ RURAL
Major
occupation
M F T M F T M F T
Total employed
persons
205025 228422 433447 3670329 2541811 6212140 3875354 2770233 6645587
Legislator ,senior
officials and
managers
5703 1028 6731 2233 494 2727 7936 1522 9458
Professionals
5531 937 6468 399 - 399 5930 937 6867
Technicians &
Associate
professionals
17934 7974 25908 13395 3697 17092 31329 11671 43000
Clerks
6720 7534 14254 4149 - 4149 10869 7534 18403
Service, shop &
market sales
workers
44239 60060 104299 33171 87793 120964 77410 147853 225263
Skilled
Agricultural and
fishery
22250 4432 26682 2218649 269595 2488244 2240899 274027 2514926
Crafts & Related
trades
42631 104863 147494 78765 850133 928898 121396 954996 1076392
Plant, machine
operators &
Assemblers
8417 1146 9563 2951 2203 5154 11368 3349 14717
Elementary
occupations
50557 39994 90551 1310649 1321661 2632310 1361206 1361655 2722861
Not stated
1043 454 1497 5968 6235 12203 7011 6689 13700
Source: Statistical report on the 1999 National labour force survey, CSA, march1999.











Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional
State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 35 -


APPENDIX-5: Total Expenditure & lost working days by each undertaking.


NO NAME Leave
Days
% Spent
Money
% FATAL
ACCIDENTS
1
Combolcha Textile
12,013.00 41.28 147,964.46 48.35 1(93)
2
Baihr Dar Textile
2,779.00 9.55 40,436.36 13.21 1(86),1(89)
3
Shoarobit Tobaco
3,936.00 13.52 22,813.72 7.45 1(90),1(91),1(93)
4
D/birhan Blanket
3,262.00 11.21 35,567.27 11.62 1(93)
5
Ayu(Ethio) farm dev
1,362.00 4.68 6,519.75 2.13 2(94)
6
B.G.I beer factory
939.00 3.23 4,965.12 1.62 1(92)
7
Combolcha Tannery
153.50 0.53 1,561.42 0.51 1(90)
8
Bahir Dar Edibel oil
524.00 1.80 4,586.03 1.50 1(86)
9
Moha soft drinks(Gonder)
425.00 1.46 4,009.47 1.31 0(0)
10
ERA combolcha ditrict
371.00 1.27 2,227.90 0.73 0(0)
11
ELFORA meat combolcha
288.00 0.99 2,805.71 0.92 0(0)
12
Moha soft drinks(Dessie)
614.00 2.11 6,884.50 2.25 0(0)
13
ALMESH farm dev
197.00 0.68 2,261.50 0.74 0(0)
14
OXFAM joint transport
34.00 0.12 1,446.87 0.47 1(90)
15
ABU Road costraction
183.00 0.63 2,760.85 0.90 0(0)
16
Mersa Tannery
137.00 0.47 1,598.91 0.52 0(0)
17
EWWCA(combolcha)
116.50 0.40 797.71 0.26 0(0)
18
Dashen Beer
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0(0)
19
Gonder printing
10.00 0.03 108.37 0.04 0(0)
20
Gonder Ginnery
39.00 0.13 164.00 0.05 0(0)
21
ELFORA chefa Agri. Dev.
429.00 1.47 1,877.21 0.61 0(0)
22
Wello Rural Road
78.00 0.27 932.17 0.30 1(90),1(91)
23
Lay Ber Agri. Dev.
72.00 0.25 271.00 0.09 0(0)
24
Hamusit Este Rural Road
65.00 0.22 227.50 0.07 0(0)
25
Gonder Edibel Oil
79.00 0.27 384.17 0.13 0(0)
26
Kemisse Bora Rural Road
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1(92)
TOTAL 28,106.00 96.58 293,171.97 95.79 16(86-94)











Employment Accident -Bureau of Labour & Social Affairs (Amhara National Regional
State)

Fighting HIV/AIDS at Workplaces
.+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n .+.Y.u/.n7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A 7 0z 00.+ m^A - 36 -




NO NAME Leave
Days
% Spent
Money
% FATAL
ACCIDENT
27
KOSPI
144.00 0.49 2,941.73 0.96 0(0)
28
Woldia Tele
45.00 0.15 1,316.67 0.43 0(0)
29
Tach Ber Agri. Dev.
15.00 0.05 52.50 0.02 0(0)
30
Debre Berhan Tannery
2.00 0.01 19.33 0.01 0(0)
31
Des Ginnery(Gonder)
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0(0)
32
Tekur Abay Transport S.Co.
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0(0)
33
ELFORA meat Gonder
60.00 0.21 415.00 0.14 0(0)
34
Spi Enertrans Electrical Inst.
180.00 0.62 3,055.00 1.00 0(0)
35
Yshewatsehai berhanu Furniture
9.00 0.03 60.00 0.02 0(0)
36
Worku Husen Furniture
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0(0)
37
Aycheluem Yredaw Furniture
4.00 0.01 79.60 0.03 0(0)
38
Woldia Rural Road
180.00 0.62 762.00 0.25 0(0)
39
Debre Tabor Rural Road
2.00 0.01 9.00 0.00 0(0)
40
Auto Parko Furniture
60.00 0.21 160.00 0.05 0(0)
41
Mesay Andarge Metal Works
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0(0)
42
Mahteme Mengesha Wood Works
9.00 0.03 90.00 0.03 0(0)
43
Arefeayne Mesgana Wood Works
4.00 0.01 40.00 0.01 0(0)
44
Workeneh G/ab Wood Works
3.00 0.01 25.00 0.01 0(0)
45
Esleman Ahemed Edibel Oil
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0(0)
46
China Wanbo road Cons.
15.00 0.05 300.00 0.10 0(0)
47
Japan Garage
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0(0)
48
SATCON Construction
27.00 0.09 257.00 0.08 0(0)
49
Alemayeu Ketema G/Cons.
23.00 0.08 257.00 0.08 0(0)
50
Nayl Indu.Engeenering
12.00 0.04 75.50 0.02 0(0)
51
Century 21 Construction
27.00 0.09 337.15 0.11 0(0)
52
Dragados J & P road Cons.
175.00 0.60 2,625.00 0.86 2(95)
53
EEPCO B/dar Regional Off.
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1(95)
TOTAL 996 3.42 12877.48 4.21 3(95)
GRAND TOTAL 29,102.00 100.00 306,049.45 100.00 19(86-95)