This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
• • • • Idle mode Connected mode Camping on a cell Idle mode tasks – PLMN selection – Cell selection and reselection
References: • 3GPP TS 25.301-4.1.0: overview on UE modes • 3GPP TS 25.304 and 25.122: details on idle mode • 3GPP TS 25.303: details on connected mode
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 1
connected) RNC Signaling connection RRC connection UE mode PMM: Packet Mode Mobility Management (also ( l GMM – GPRS Mobility M M bilit Management) t) SM: Session Management Andreas Mitschele-Thiel. idle.Overview on Modes and States (PS mode) UE SGSN SM: SM PDP context ( t t (active. Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 2 GGSN UMTS Networks . inactive) ) HLR PMM state (detached.
Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 3 GMSC HLR . connected) RNC Signaling connection RRC connection UE mode MM: Mobility Management CM: Connection Management UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel. idle. ll) VLR MM state (detached.Overview on Modes and States (CS mode) UE MSC CM: CM call state ( ti null) (active.
SGSN. MM/PMM and RRC States CM/SM state(s) Subscription (UE-SGSN-GGSN) Core Network MM/PMM state (UE. HLR) ( ) Signaling connection (UE-SGSN) RRC state (UE-RNC) PDCP address inactive active detached idle connected none yes UTRAN idle Paging using TMSI/P-TMSI connected Addressing using RNTI UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel. Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 4 .Relations between CM/SM.
all UEs in a cell or all UEs monitoring a l dd ll UE i ll ll UE it i specific paging occasion Connected mode (cell or URA is known.UE Modes Idle mode (paging area is known. FACH. PCH) – connected mode does not require assignment of physical channel resources UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel. paging needed) – UE is identified by non-access stratum identities such as IMSI. Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 5 . TMSI and P-TMSI – UTRAN has no own information about the individual UEs in idle mode (no RRC connection) – UTRAN can only address e.g. RRC connection) – connected mode is entered when the UTRAN establishes and maintains information about the individual UE (RRC connection) – RRC connection is established between UE and Serving RNC – UE is assigned a radio network temporary identity (U-RNTI and possibly a C RNTI) to be used as UE identity on common transport C-RNTI) channels (RACH.
304 UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel. Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 6 .UE Idle Mode – Camping on a cell Purpose of camping on a cell in idle mode: • UE receives system information from the PLMN (BCH) • UE is able to establish an RRC connection (access of the network on the control channel of the cell on which it is camped – RACH/FACH) • PLMN knows (in most cases) the registration area of UE => paging on control channels within the registration area (PCH) • UE may receive cell broadcast services (BCH) y ( ) „ „Limited service“ state: If – UE is unable to find a suitable cell to camp on. UE attempts to camp on a cell irrespective of the PLMN identity. or – USIM is not inserted or inserted. and enters a "limited service" state in which only emergency calls are possible limited service Source: 3GPP 25. – location registration failed.
e. UE is in idle mode and has chosen a cell) – UE monitors system information – UE monitors paging information (PLMN is not aware of the cell chosen by the UE.UE Idle Mode – Camping on a cell UE is switched on – a PLMN is selected and – UE searches for a suitable cell of this PLMN to camp on Functions executed when camped on a cell (i. Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 7 . PLMN is not aware of the UE in „limited service state“) state ) – UE executes a cell reselection if it finds a more suitable cell to camp on – UE executes a location registration to register its presence in the registration area by means of a NAS registration procedure if the new cell is in a different registration area (LA or RA) Source: 3GPP 25.304 UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel.
Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 8 .304 UMTS Networks Location Registration Andreas Mitschele-Thiel.UE Idle Mode – Tasks Manual Mode Automatic mode Indication to user PLMN Selection and Reselection d R l ti Location Registration response PLMNs available registration with UMTS network no exchange of signaling with UMTS network NAS Control PLMN selected Cell Selection and Reselection Radio R di measurements t Registration R i t ti Area changes CM requests location registration g with UMTS network Source: 3GPP 25.
Michael Söllner C e ll R e s e le c t io n E v a lu a t io n P ro c e s s n o a c c e p ta b le c e ll fo u n d 12-Nov-08 9 .UE Idle Mode – States and Transitions n o s u it a b l e c e ll fo u n d C e ll S e le c tio n w h e n le a v in g c o n n e c te d m ode g o h e re w h e n e v e r a n e w P L M N is s e le c t e d c e ll in f o rm a t io n s to re d fo r th e P L M N 1 n o c e ll in f o rm a t io n s to re d fo r th e P L M N S to re d in f o rm a t io n C e ll S e le c tio n n o s u it a b l e c e l l f o u n d In itia l C e ll S e le c tio n s u it a b le c e ll f o u n d 2 s u it a b le c e ll f o u n d n o s u it a b l e c e ll fo u n d s u it a b le c e ll f o u n d C am ped n o r m a lly N A S in d ic a t e s t h a t r e g is t r a t io n o n s e le c t e d P L M N is r e je c te d ( e x c e p t w ith c a u s e # 1 4 o r # 1 5 [5 ][1 6 ]) re tu rn to id le m o d e le a v e id le m o d e tr ig g e r s u it a b le c e ll f o u n d C o n n e c te d m ode C e ll R e s e le c tio n E v a lu a tio n P ro c e s s n o s u it a b l e c e ll f o u n d g o h e re when no U S IM in th e U E n o a c c e p ta b le c e ll fo u n d A n y C e ll S e le c t io n Limit servic state ted ce U S IM in s e r te d a c c e p t a b le c e ll f o u n d 1 C e ll S e le c tio n w h e n le a v in g c o n n e c te d m ode a c c e p t a b le c e ll fo u n d Cam ped on a n y c e ll s u it a b le c e ll f o u n d 2 re tu rn to id le m o d e le a v e id le m o d e t r ig g e r a c c e p ta b le c e ll fo u n d C o n n e c te d m ode (E m e rg e n c y c a l ls o n l y ) UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel.
Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 10 . cell selection. cell reselection and handover PLMN reselection: if necessary.304 UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel. the UE will look for more suitable cells on other PLMNs at regular time intervals g If the UE loses coverage of the registered PLMN.UE Idle Mode – PLMN reselection The NAS provides a list of equivalent PLMNs that the AS uses for PLMN selection. – either a new PLMN is selected automatically (automatic mode) – or an indication of which PLMNs are available is given to the user (manual selection) Registration is not performed by UEs only capable of services that need no registration (emergency call) Source: 3GPP 25.
UE Idle Mode – Cell Selection and Reselection When camped on a cell. e. e. Michael Söllner 12-Nov-08 11 . LA or RA – receive other AS and NAS information If registered: – receive paging and notification messages from the PLMN and – initiate call setup for outgoing calls or other actions from the UE UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel. the UE shall regularly search for a better cell according to the cell reselection criteria If a better cell is found.g. that cell is selected The change of cell may imply a change of radio access technology (RAT). tune to that cell's control channel(s) so that the UE can: – receive system information from the PLMN – receive registration area information from the PLMN. from UMTS to GSM The NAS is informed if the cell selection and reselection results in changes in the received system information For normal service.g. the UE has to camp on a suitable cell.