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Lesson 1 –
اﻟ ﱠرس اﻷ ﱠل ُﺪْ ُ و ...هـٰ َا َﺬ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ٌ َ َُﱢ
This is… -
Please read the sentences below. After completing the sentences we shall go over the rules for this lesson.
In Part 1 of Lesson 1 we learn how to use the pronoun
هـٰ َاwhich means 'This' َﺬ َﺎ َاbut is هذ
(called the demonstrative pronoun in grammar). /Hādhā/ is pronounced
written without the first /alif/. The second word is the noun (object) being referred to, e.g.:
ﺑﻴﺖmeans house. ٌ َْ
.هـٰ َا آ َﺎب ٌ َ ﺬ ِﺘ
.هـٰ َا ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ٌِ ْ َ َ ﺬ
.هـٰ َا َﺎب ٌ َﺬ ﺑ
.هـٰ َا ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ َ ﺬ
This is a book
This is a mosque
This is a door
This is a house
2 . We can see this rule demonstrated above where we see the words for هـٰ َا َﺬ and the noun/predicate ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ٌِ ْ َ being referred to without any copula.e.هـٰ َا ﻣﻔ َﺎح ٌ َ ﺬ ِ ْﺘ This is a pen. we will continue practicing with some more examples of using the phrase /hādhā/ هـٰ َاwhich means 'This is'. This is a chair. The n-sound. the /tanwīn/ (doubled vowel sign) at the end of the Arabic noun (kitābu-n.com/ • Arabic has no word which is equal to the English word "is" which is referred to as a “copula” in grammar. • In-Shā’-Allâh (God-willing).هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ ٌ ََ َ ﺬ . • There is no word in Arabic corresponding to "a" in English as in: "This is a book". i. baitu-n. َﺬ . i.http://www. This is a key.e. masĴidu-n) is the Arabic indefinite article corresponding to the English "a/an". هـٰ َا ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ٌِ ْ َ َ ﺬ If read literally this sentence would read "This a mosque".madinaharabic. the word "is" can be implied in this sentence so that it reads "This is a mosque".هـٰ َا آﺮﺳﻰ َﺬ ُ ْ ِ ﱞ . however.
for example َ َﺬ • We will also learn the phrase أهـٰ َا ﺑﻴ ٌ؟which means "Is this a house?”.هـٰ َا ﺳ ِﻳﺮ ٌ َ ﺬ َﺮ ... /hādhā/ ..؟which means "Is this. The word for Yes in Arabic is . Please click on part 3 below to proceed. i.madinaharabic. َ َ ﺬ َ ْﺖ • In addition. Now.. This is a desk. we will learn the words for Yes and No in Arabic to answer these questions.هـٰ َا َﺬ أهـٰ َا. • We have learnt how to say 'This is' using the phrase /hādhā/. We shall then answer the questions with the phrase we learnt in the earlier parts.com/ .. we will learn how to say 'What is this?' to ask a question followed by the answers to the questions InShā’-Allâh (God-willing).هـٰ َا ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ٌ َْ َ َ ﺬ This is a bed.http://www.e.ﻻ ََْ 3 .ﻧﻌﻢand the word for No in Arabic is .?".. • In this part of lesson 1 we will learn the phrase َﺎ هـٰ َا؟which means "What's ﻣ َﺬ this".
http://www. this is a house. the Arabic script is read from right to left.هـٰ َا ﻗ ِﻴﺺ ٌ َ ﺬ َﻤ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a shirt.ﻧﻌﻢْ، هـٰ َا ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ َ َ َ ﺬ أهـٰ َا ﺑﻴ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ َ ْﺖ Yes. What is this? .madinaharabic.com/ • As we have already learnt. What is this? . please read the sentences below from right to left. Is this a house? 4 .هـٰ َا ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ َ ﺬ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a house.ﻻ، هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ ٌ ََ َ ﺬ أهـٰ َا ﻣﻔ َﺎ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ ِ ْﺘ ح No. Picture Answer Question . this is a pen. Is this a key? .
Exercise – ﺗﺪ ِﻳﺐ ٌ َ ْر • • In this part of the lesson.هـٰ َا ﻧﺠﻢ ٌْ َ َ ﺬ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a star. What is this? • In the next parts we will learn the phrase ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟which means "Who is this?" َ ْ َﺬ followed by some more sentences to revise what we have learnt in this lesson. click on the Mark button to see the correct answers and to obtain your mark. Is this a bed? .http://www.madinaharabic. 5 . • In this exercise you will not be given the meaning of sentences.com/ . Choose the correct answer for each of the following questions.ﻻ، هـٰ َا آﺮﺳﻲ َﺬ ُ ْ ِ ﱞ أهـٰ َا ﺳ ِﻳ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ َﺮ ﺮ No. InShā’-Allâh (God willing). please visit the earlier parts of lesson 1 to learn the meanings if necessary. we will test the knowledge that we have learnt in this lesson so far. Upon completion. this is a chair. Please click on the correct option for each question below.
/http://www.madinaharabic.com • – Exercise ﺗﺪ ِﻳﺐ َ ْر ٌ 2 Question 1 Question هـٰ َا آ َﺎب َ ﺬ ِﺘ ٌ هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ َ ﺬ ََ ٌ هـٰ َا آﺮﺳﻲ َﺬ ُ ْ ِ ﱞ هـٰ َا ﺑﻴﺖ َ ﺬ َْ ٌ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ َ ﺬ ََ ٌ هـٰ َا ﻧﺠﻢ َ ﺬ َ ٌْ هـٰ َا ﻣﻔ َﺎح َ ﺬ ِ ْﺘ ٌ آﺮﺳﻲ هـٰ َا ُ ْ ِ ﱞ َﺬ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ 3 Question 4 Question هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ َ ﺬ ََ ٌ هـٰ َا ﻧﺠﻢ َ ﺬ َ ٌْ هـٰ َا َﺎب َﺬ ﺑ ٌ هـٰ َا آﺮﺳﻲ َﺬ ُ ْ ِ ﱞ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ هـٰ َا ﻧﺠﻢ َ ﺬ َ ٌْ هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ َ ﺬ ََ ٌ هـٰ َا َﺎب َﺬ ﺑ ٌ هـٰ َا ُﺮﺳﻲ َﺬ آ ِ ﱞ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ 5 Question 6 Question هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ َ ﺬ ََ ٌ هـٰ َا ﺳ ِﻳﺮ َ ﺬ َﺮ ٌ هـٰ َا ﺑﻴﺖ َ ﺬ َْ ٌ هـٰ َا آﺮﺳﻲ َﺬ ُ ْ ِ ﱞ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ هـٰ َا ﺳ ِﻳﺮ َ ﺬ َﺮ ٌ هـٰ َا ﻧﺠﻢ َ ﺬ َ ٌْ هـٰ َا آﺮﺳﻲ َﺬ ُ ْ ِ ﱞ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ 6 .
com/ • • We will continue to test the knowledge that we have learnt so far in this part of the lesson In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). Choose the correct answer for each of the following questions. • In this exercise you will not be given the meaning of sentences. please visit the earlier parts of lesson 1 to learn the meanings if necessary. Upon completion. Please click on the correct option for each question below. click on the Mark button to see the correct answers and to obtain your mark.http://www.madinaharabic. Question 2 Question 1 ﻻ، هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ ٌ ََ َ ﺬ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ ﻧﺠﻢ ٌْ َ ﻧﻌﻢْ، هـٰ َا ََ َﺬ ﻗ ِﻴﺺ ٌ َﻤ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ٌِ ْ َ ﻻ، هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ ٌ ََ َ ﺬ ،ْهـٰ َا ﻧﻌﻢ ََ َﺬ ﻣﻔ َﺎح ٌ ِ ْﺘ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ أهـٰ َا ﻗ ِﻴ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ َﻤ ﺺ ﻧﻌﻢْ، هـٰ َا ََ َﺬ ﻧﺠﻢ ٌْ َ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ ﻗ ِﻴﺺ ٌ َﻤ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ آﺮﺳﻲ ُْ ِ ﱞ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ ﻻ، هـٰ َا ﻗﻠﻢ ٌ ََ َ ﺬ ﻧﻌﻢْ، هـٰ َا ََ َﺬ ﻴﺖﺑ ٌَ ْ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ آﺮﺳﻲ ُْ ِ ﱞ ﻻ، هـٰ َا َﺬ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ٌِ ْ َ أهـٰ َا ﻧﺠ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ َ ْﻢ Question 3 Question 4 أهـٰ َا ﻣﻔ َﺎ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ ِ ْﺘ ح أهـٰ َا ﺑﻴ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ َ ْﺖ 7 .
more experienced readers do not require the vowel-marks or diacritical marks to read the word. we know from a combination of the letters used and the context of the sentence what the word actually means.e.هـٰﺬا ﻗﻠﻢ . We have started lesson 1 showing all the vowel-marks. You have already learnt what the sentences below mean in the earlier parts of the lesson so try to remember what they mean also.هـٰﺬا ﺳﺮﻳﺮ . with experience. how the words should be pronounced. Please read the sentences below and write them down on a piece of paper. i. for example ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ (house) where we can see the /fatħah/. Hence. the words will appear without vowel-marks or diacritical marks (e.com/ • We have practiced reading words and learning phrases and grammar. However. However. Read and Write :اﻗﺮأ َاآﺘﺐ ْ ُْ ِ ْ َْ و . it is very important to learn how to write Arabic while you are learning the language.madinaharabic.ﺑﻴﺖ Please click on the words to hear speech. • In Arabic.هـٰﺬا آﺮﺳﻲ .هـٰﺬا ﻣﻜﺘﺐ .هـٰﺬا ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﻣﺎ هـٰﺬا؟ 8 .g. the word will be written in Arabic as . /sukūn/ and /đammah/.http://www. Below. /kasrah/ etc). /fatħah/. /sukūn/.
ﻻ، هـٰﺬا ﻣﺴﺠﺪ .com/ ﻣﺎ هـٰﺬا؟ . In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing Who is this? - ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟ َ ْ َﺬ ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟which means 'Who is this?'. Who is this? 9 . In-Shā'-Allâh (God willing). We َ ْ َﺬ • In this section we shall cover the phrase shall then answer the questions and learn some more words.هـٰﺬا ﻣﻔﺘﺎح أهـٰﺬا ﺑﻴﺖ؟ • In the next part of this lesson we will learn the phrase ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟which means َ ْ َﺬ "Who is this?" followed by some more sentences to revise what we have learnt in this lesson.هـٰ َا ﻃ ِﻴﺐ ٌ َ ﺬ َﺒ ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟ َ ْ َﺬ This is a doctor.madinaharabic. Picture Answer Question .http://www.
Who is this? . Who is this? .هـٰ َا وﻟﺪ ٌ ََ َ ﺬ ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟ َ ْ َﺬ This is a boy. Who is this? . 10 .http://www.هـٰ َا َﺎﻟﺐ ٌ ِ َﺬ ﻃ ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟ َ ْ َﺬ This is a student.com/ .madinaharabic. Who is this? .هـٰ َا َﺎﺟﺮ ٌِ َﺬ ﺗ ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟ َ ْ َﺬ This is a merchant.هـٰ َا رﺟﻞ ٌُ َ َﺬ ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟ َ ْ َﺬ This is a man.
هـٰ َا ﻗﻂ َﺬ ِ ﱞ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a cat.com/ Picture Answer Question . What is this? . What is this? .madinaharabic. What is this? . What is this? 11 .http://www.هـٰ َا آﻠﺐ ٌ َْ َ ﺬ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a dog.هـٰ َا ﺣ َﺎر ٌ َ ﺬ ِﻤ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a donkey.هـٰ َا ﺣ َﺎن ٌ َ ﺬ ِﺼ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a horse.
com/ . Who is This? 12 .هـٰ َا ﻣﺪرس ٌ َ َُ َ ﺬ ّ Low Bandwidth ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟ َ ْ َﺬ This is a teacher.هـٰ َا ِﻳﻚ ٌ َﺬ د َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a rooster.http://www.madinaharabic. What is this? .هـٰ َا ﺟﻤﻞ ٌََ َﺬ َﺎ هـٰ َا؟ ﻣ َﺬ This is a camel. What is this? Revision – ﻣ َاﺟﻌﺔ ٌ َ َ ُﺮ Question Picture Answer .
this is a toilet paper (handkerchief).ﻻ، هـٰ َا ﻣﻨ ِﻳﻞ ٌ َ ﺬ ِ ْﺪ Low Bandwidth أهـٰ َا ﻗ ِﻴ ٌ؟ َ َ ﺬ َﻤ ﺺ No. Please write out the following words below including their translation. The context and your experience of words will enable you to read the word properly. It is important to practice writing in the duration of this course and to be able to read without translations. In-Shā'Allâh (God willing). The words below should be apparent without the vowel-marks as we have covered them several times already 13 .http://www. /đammah/. If you are unsure what the words below mean. all the words below have already been covered earlier.e. vowel-marks are seldom used. /kasrah/ and /fatħah/. Is this a shirt? • In the next part of this lesson we will practice writing and reading skills. The vowel-marks have been deliberately omitted because when you read Arabic in normal literature. please revisit the previous sections of this lesson.com/ .madinaharabic. i. • You will also notice that the words below do not have vowel-marks.
هـٰﺬا ﻃﺒﻴﺐ. /http://www. 41 . )٦( أهـٰﺬا دﻳﻚ؟ )٥( أهـٰﺬا آﻠﺐ؟ ﻧﻌﻢ. هـٰﺬا ﻗﻠﻢ.madinaharabic. ﻻ،هـٰﺬا ﻗﻂ.com Read and Write اﻗﺮأ َاآﺘﺐ: ِ ْ َْ و ُْ ْ )١( ﻣﺎ هـٰﺬا؟ )٢( هـٰﺬا آﻠﺐ. )٣( ﻣﻦ هـٰﺬا؟ )٤( هـٰﺬا ﺟﻤﻞ.
http://www.ﻧﻌﻢ • You have now completed lesson 1..madinaharabic.e.. To summarise.؟i..ﻻ هـٰﺬا ﺣﻤﺎر )٠١( ﻣﻦ هـٰﺬا؟ )٩( أهـٰﺬا وﻟﺪ؟ .com/ )٧( أهـٰﺬا ﺣﺼﺎن؟ .َﺎ هـٰ َا؟What is this?' ﻣ ﻣ َﺬ ﻣﻦwhich means 'who' as in ' .ﻣﻦ هـٰ َا؟Who is this?' َْ َ ْ َﺬ o The words for Yes and No - o The word 15 ..)٨( هـٰﺬا ﻣﻨﺪﻳﻞ .هﺬا رﺟﻞ . ََْ o The word َﺎwhich means 'what' as in ' . the areas we have covered are: o The Demonstrative Pronoun - ' هـٰ َاThis is…' َﺬ o The particle أas in أهـٰ َا. 'Is This a.?' َ َ َﺬ ﻧﻌﻢand ﻻrespectively.
http://www.com/ o Several new words .these have to be memorised as vocabulary is very important to learn the Arabic language.madinaharabic. The following table shows the new words that we learnt so far in this lesson: Vocabulary Revision – ﻣ َاﺟﻌﺔ اﻟﻤﻔﺮ َات ِ ُﺮ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ َد ﺑﻴﺖ ٌ َْ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ٌِ ْ َ ﻣﻔ َﺎح ٌ ِ ْﺘ ﻗﻠﻢ ٌ ََ ﺳ ِﻳﺮ ٌ َﺮ This (this is…) هـٰ َا َﺬ َﺎب ٌ ﺑ آ َﺎب ٌ ِﺘ آﺮﺳﻰ ُْ ِﱞ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ٌ َْ َ Home Door Mosque Book Key Chair Pen Desk Bed 16 .
http://www.madinaharabic.com/ Shirt ﻗ ِﻴﺺ ٌ َﻤ ﻃ ِﻴﺐ ٌ َﺒ َﺎﻟﺐ ٌ ِﻃ َﺎﺟﺮ ٌِ ﺗ ﻣﻨ ِﻳﻞ ٌ ِ ْﺪ ﻗﻂ ِﱞ ﺣ َﺎن ٌ ِﺼ ﺟﻤﻞ ٌََ Star ﻧﺠﻢ ٌْ َ وﻟﺪ ٌ ََ رﺟﻞ ٌُ َ ﻣﺪرس ٌ َ َُ ّ آﻠﺐ ٌ َْ ﺣ َﺎر ٌ ِﻤ ِﻳﻚ ٌ د ﻧﻌﻢ ََْ Doctor Boy Student Man Merchant Teacher Handkerchief Dog Cat (masculine) Donkey Horse Rooster Camel Yes 17 .
madinaharabic. In-Shā'-Allâh (God willing). Please click on next lesson button below to go to lesson two. o Vocabulary Flashcards– Practice your vocabulary by category. • Now that you have covered this lesson. please also try some of the additional features we have including: o Discussion Forum– Discuss the grammatical topics learnt and any areas of confusion. 18 .http://www. please move on to the next lesson where we will cover the Demonstrative Pronoun – ذﻟﻚwhich means 'That is…’.com/ No ﻻ ۱ • If you feel confident with the lesson covered. o Questions Flashcards– Practice questions related to the grammatical topics covered in the lessons. The َ َِ next lesson is a short and relatively straightforward lesson.
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