Learn to Speak Hebrew Lessons i II | Grammatical Gender | Orthography

Learn to Speak Hebrew

Hebrew Podcasts
Lessons 1-2 Introduction
Learning a new language requires work and commitment, but the unique dialog format of Hebrew Podcasts makes it easy and fun. You can play each lesson multiple times to internalize the material, and you can repeat each line out loud to practice pronunciation and memorize expressions. The lessons are packed with tidbits of information about the features of the Hebrew language including idiomatic and colloquial expressions and grammar rules. The lessons also touch on Israeli cultural and geographical topics that you'll find useful especially if you plan to visit Israel. This electronic book contains the first two lesson in the Hebrew Podcasts Learn to Speak Hebrew series. You can find all the lessons at http://HebrewPodcasts.com/

The audio files for these lessons are available as a free download at http://HebrewPodcasts.com/

The Hebrew Podcasts web site provides additional resources for Hebrew learners by membership. These includes video versions of each lesson that you can watch online or on an iPhone or iPod. They also include flashcards to practice the vocabulary and expressions in each lesson. You can try the flashcards for lesson 1 at http://hebrewpodcasts.com/cards/flashcards1.php

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© Yedwab, 2009. All rights reserved.

1

Hebrew Podcasts
Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1
Easy Level

Hello and welcome to Hebrew Podcasts. If you are just starting to learn Hebrew and find that our lesson 1 goes too fast, then this easy-level lesson is for you. It’s designed to prepare you for lesson 1 by covering the basic vocabulary that you’ll need in that lesson. Before we begin, I’d like to encourage you to download the readalong lesson guide that goes together with this lesson. You can download it from our web site at http://hebrewpodcasts.com. And please let us know what you think about our podcast and give us any suggestions that you may have for how we can improve it. You can contact us by e-mail at learn@hebrewpodcasts.com or using the Feedback form on our web site. I’m Danny and Noa is here to help me. !‫שלום נועה‬ !‫שלום דני‬ Let’s begin. A great way to learn a language is to speak it out loud. So don’t be shy! Repeat after us. Let’s give it a try. I’ll greet Noa Shalom and you repeat after me: !‫שלום נועה‬ Shà-lom No-à ►the clock indicates that we pause here for you to repeat !‫שלום נועה‬ Very good! Now let’s see how to introduce ourselves. Now suppose that I wish to say “I’m Danny”. First, let’s hear how to say “I”. Let’s repeat after Noa ‫אני‬ À-ni ‫אני‬ Excellent! Now I’m ready to say “I’m Danny” ‫אני דני‬ À-ni Dà-ni ‫אני דני‬ Noa, now it’s your turn ‫אני נועה‬ À-ni No-à ‫אני נועה‬ Well done!

Transcription
We’ll use transcription in our lesson guides to help you read Hebrew. You should read the transcription as if it was English. We’ll use hyphens to help the pronunciation. We’ll use é and à to better approximate the Hebrew sounds. Are you familiar with the expression déjà vu, or the word résumé? If so, then you should pronounce these two accents accordingly. Otherwise, pronounce é like the e in let and pronounce à like the a in bark. Finally we’ll use h (the letter h with an underscore) to denote the sound of the letter Het (‫ .)ח‬You should refer to lesson 2 to learn more about this sound. You’ll see transcription in green. Here are a couple of examples: Shà-lom À-ni ‫שלום‬ ‫אני‬

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© Yedwab, 2009. All rights reserved.

2

Timna Valley Park is a National Park in the Negev desert near Eilat. The cave was discovered in 1968 near Bet Shemesh. “You can” ‫אתה יכול‬ À-tà yà-hol ‫אתה יכול‬ Soreq Cave is an active cave with a uniquely dense concentration of stalactites. Noa. It includes what are believed to be the oldest Copper mines in the world. Repeat after Noa. All rights reserved. Let’s start with the nouns. This is the feminine form. I’ll say “You’re Noa” ‫את נועה‬ Àt No-à ‫את נועה‬ ‫ את‬means you. It is 83 meters long. Noa will say “You’re Danny” ‫אתה דני‬ À-tà Dà-ni ‫אתה דני‬ ‫ אתה‬mean you when speaking to a male. 3 . 60 meters wide and 15 meters high. so we’ll hear the masculine form.com © Yedwab. Next.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level Now let’s use the second person. 2009. We say these verbs differently depending on the gender of their subject. Noa will speak about me. let’s learn a few nouns and a few verbs. Repeat after Noa. In the following examples. let’s learn how to say thank you. a book is ‫ספר‬ Sé-fér ‫ספר‬ Hebrew is ‫עברית‬ Iv-rit ‫עברית‬ A teacher is ‫מורה‬ Mo-ré ‫מורה‬ And a house or a home is ‫בית‬ Bà-yit ‫בית‬ Great! Now for the verbs. To do that. Some of the stalactites have been dated as 300. The Park is noted for its natural sandstone formations. dating back to at least 4000 BC and worked almost continuously by many civilizations including the Egyptians and Romans. Let’s hear the masculine form.000 years old. let’s say some really simple sentences. Repeat after Noa ‫תודה‬ To-dà ‫תודה‬ Wonderful! Okay. Postcard from Israel Postcard from Israel learn@hebrewpodcasts. The following verbs are all in the present tense.

So “to the house” is ‫ .לַ בית‬and “to the city” is ‫. where the municipality facilitated the exhibition on Safra Square right in front of the town hall and in close proximity to the Old City. how do we say “Danny is going to the house”? ‫דני הולך לבית‬ Dà-ni ho-léh là-bà-it ‫דני הולך לבית‬ Bravo! And “Danny is going to the city”. In summer. or “Danny is going to town”? ‫דני הולך לעיר‬ Dà-ni ho-léh là-ir ‫דני הולך לעיר‬ Nice! United Buddy Bears in Jerusalem In 2007. 2009. 4 .לַ עיר‬ So.com © Yedwab. We want to use the words “to the”. Noa. Postcard from Israel learn@hebrewpodcasts. in Hebrew we simply add ַ‫ ל‬in front of the word. we’re ready for a simple sentence.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level You go ‫אתה הולך‬ À-tà ho-léh ‫אתה הולך‬ You love ‫אתה אוהב‬ À-tà o-hév ‫אתה אוהב‬ You play ‫אתה משחק‬ À-tà mé-sà-hék ‫אתה משחק‬ You learn or you study ‫אתה לומד‬ À-tà lo-méd ‫אתה לומד‬ Outstanding! Okay. The Buddy Bears advocate living together in peace and harmony. they arrived in Jerusalem. All rights reserved. the “United Buddy Bears“ stood hand in hand in Cairo along the River Nile. for the first time promoting their international unifying message in an Arab country. How would we say “Danny is learning Hebrew”? ‫דני לומד עברית‬ Dà-ni lo-méd iv-rit ‫דני לומד עברית‬ Fantastic! And “Danny loves Hebrew”? ‫דני אוהב עברית‬ Dà-ni o-hév iv-rit ‫דני אוהב עברית‬ Good job! For the next two sentences we need a preposition.

we say ?‫מה חדש‬ Mà hà-dàsh? ?‫מה חדש‬ learn@hebrewpodcasts.com © Yedwab. 5 . let’s learn how to ask a question. Those are words that describe a noun. Noa. it’s ‫נחמד‬ Néh-màd ‫נחמד‬ Awesome! So now let’s add some words together. To say “new”. it’s ‫חדש‬ Hà-dàsh ‫חדש‬ And to say “nice”. a couple of adjectives. All rights reserved. A simple question word that means what is ‫מה‬ So I’ll call Noa and she’ll respond with what? Noa? ?‫מה‬ Mà? ?‫מה‬ We already know how to say new. how about “a new house” ‫בית חדש‬ Bà-yit hà-dàsh ‫בית חדש‬ “A new teacher” ‫מורה חדש‬ Mo-ré hà-dàsh ‫מורה חדש‬ “A new book” ‫ספר חדש‬ Sé-fér hà-dàsh ‫ספר חדש‬ “A nice teacher” ‫מורה נחמד‬ Mo-ré néh-màd ‫מורה נחמד‬ And “a nice house” ‫בית נחמד‬ Bà-yit néh-màd ‫בית נחמד‬ That’s grand! Next. so to ask what’s new. 2009.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level Now.

Noa. thank you! You’re doing really well. You’ll get the hang of it. All rights reserved. how would you say that you love Hebrew? ‫אני אוהבת עברית‬ À-ni o-hé-vét iv-rit ‫אני אוהבת עברית‬ We see ‫ אוהב‬turns into ‫. Now let’s go back and change some of our examples to their feminine form by having Noa speak of herself. I promise. So let’s practice ?‫מה שלומך‬ Mà shlom-hà? ?‫מה שלומך‬ And I answer !‫טוב תודה‬ Tov to-dà! !‫טוב תודה‬ That’s good.com © Yedwab. let’s learn the word for “good” ‫טוב‬ Tov ‫טוב‬ And we already know how to say thank you. At this point it’s a good time to mention that in Hebrew nouns have a gender and other parts of the sentence such as verbs and adjectives also change form to agree with the gender of the subject.חדשה‬That’s because the word for city. This concept of all nouns having gender feels very strange to English speakers and makes learning Hebrew harder. So far we’ve heard a lot of the masculine form because Noa was talking about me or to me.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level Good! Now let’s learn to ask “How are you?” ?‫מה שלומך‬ Mà shlom-hà? ?‫מה שלומך‬ ?‫ מה שלומך‬that's “how are you”? And to answer. But don’t be discouraged. How do you say “a new city”? ‫עיר חדשה‬ Ir hà-dà-shà ‫עיר חדשה‬ We see ‫ חדש‬turns into ‫ . 6 . learn@hebrewpodcasts. and recitation. repetition. 2009. ‫. Learning a language is all about practice.עיר‬ is a feminine noun. It helps consolidate all these new words in the brain.אוהבת‬ Let’s see another example.

“he is learning Hebrew” ‫הוא לומד עברית‬ Hoo lo-méd iv-rit ‫הוא לומד עברית‬ And “she is learning Hebrew” ‫היא לומדת עברית‬ Hee lo-mé-dét iv-rit ‫היא לומדת עברית‬ Well done! Now let’s see a couple of verbs in the infinitive. For a female teacher the word is ‫מורה‬ Mo-rà ‫מורה‬ And to say “new teacher” speaking of a female teacher ‫מורה חדשה‬ Mo-rà hà-dà-shà ‫מורה חדשה‬ And to say “nice teacher” speaking of a female teacher ‫מורה נחמדה‬ Mo-rà néh-mà-dà ‫מורה נחמדה‬ Very good! Let’s look at another example. we learned how to say a teacher.מורה‬Well. The infinitive is the form of the verb that describes the action: to tell and to sing. I learn Hebrew. There are examples of that in English too. like an actor and an actress and a rooster and a hen. like animals or professions have two forms.com © Yedwab. I hope you’re not tired yet because we have some more words to learn so we can make some more sentences. All rights reserved. one for male and one for female. 7 . Let’s repeat after Noa. when spoken by a woman. Let’s hear these two verbs in the infinitive. that was the word for a male teacher.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level Some nouns. 2009. ‫ . it’s ‫אני לומדת עברית‬ À-ni lo-mé-dét iv-rit ‫אני לומדת עברית‬ Excellent! Noa. To tell is ‫לספר‬ Lé-sà-pér ‫לספר‬ learn@hebrewpodcasts. Let’s learn how to say he and she. In our lesson.

To say “She can tell” or “she is able to tell” is ‫היא יכולה לספר‬ Hee yé-ho-là lé-sà-pér ‫היא יכולה לספר‬ Fantastic! Noa.שירים‬ So to say “she can sing songs”.בא‬let’s see how to say “He is coming with us” ‫הוא בא איתנו‬ Hoo bà i-tà-noo ‫הוא בא איתנו‬ Super! learn@hebrewpodcasts. It’s the feminine form. To hear the masculine form. 8 .Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level And to sing is ‫לשיר‬ Là-shir ‫לשיר‬ Wonderful! Now let’s see two examples with these two verbs. All rights reserved. how do you say “with us”? ‫איתנו‬ Ee-tà-noo ‫איתנו‬ So “she is learning with us” or “she is studying with us” would be ‫היא לומדת איתנו‬ Hee lo-mé-dét ee-tà-noo ‫היא לומדת איתנו‬ Very good! Let’s see a variation. how would you say “she can sing”? ‫היא יכולה לשיר‬ Hee yé-ho-là là-shir ‫היא יכולה לשיר‬ Good job! The word for a song is ‫ . the word for songs is ‫.שיר‬In plural. 2009.com © Yedwab. “She is coming with us” ‫היא באה איתנו‬ Hee bà-à i-tà-noo ‫היא באה איתנו‬ ‫ באה‬that's the verb for coming. which is ‫ . we would say ‫היא יכולה לשיר שירים‬ Hee yé-ho-là là-shir shi-rim ‫היא יכולה לשיר שירים‬ Nice! Noa.

Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level That’s it for today.להתראות‬that’s goodbye. ‫ . Until then !‫שלום ולהתראות‬ Oh. 9 . We’ll practice some greetings and learn some new words. She’ll tell us about her school and about her teacher.com © Yedwab. Now you’re ready for lesson 1 where we’ll meet Rina. All rights reserved. !‫שלום ולהתראות‬ learn@hebrewpodcasts. yes. Please remember that learning to speak a new language requires practice. I hope that this lesson will make lesson 1 easier to learn and more enjoyable. 2009. You need to speak out loud and repeatedly.

10 .Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1A – Prelude to Lesson 1 Easy Level Lesson 1A – Exercise Match each picture with the correct Hebrew word.pdf © Both the podcast and this accompanying lesson guide are copyrighted material. All rights reserved.com © Yedwab. Draw a line between the word and the picture. All rights reserved. 2009.com/pdf/Answers_001A. learn@hebrewpodcasts.hebrewpodcasts. ‫ מורה‬mo-rà ‫ ספר‬sé-fér ‫ בית‬bà-yit ‫ עיר‬eer ‫ לשיר‬là-shir ‫ חדש‬hà-dàsh ‫ לומדת‬lo-mé-dét ‫ מה‬mà ‫ הולכת‬ho-lé-hét The answers to this exercise are available online at http://www. You may not distribute these materials without permission from the copyright owner.

שלום‬can also mean peace or well being. thank you. Let’s begin. We’ll use hyphens to help the pronunciation.שלום‬This is the most common greeting in Hebrew and it can mean either hello or goodbye. For example. Hello Rina! Hello Danny. You’ll see transcription in green. Today’s podcast is our first lesson. Let’s listen to this short dialog again. but when you get to the Hebrew words. How are you? Hello Danny.שלום של‬This is what we say to a male person.)כ‬You should refer to lesson 2 to hear this sound. pronounce é like the e in let and pronounce à like the a in bark or the u in up. get additional information. see the full translation. Rina. Here are a couple of examples: Shà-lom Bé-sé-dér gà-moor ‫שלום‬ ‫בסדר גמור‬ I greeted Rina by saying ‫ . Rina. you said: Bé-sé-dér gà-moor ‫בסדר גמור‬ !‫תודה רבה‬ That means all right. Mà shlom-hà? Right-to-left Hebrew is written right-to-left.שלום של‬which is what we say to a female person. How are you? Great. then read the text as you would read any English text. Are you familiar with the expression déjà vu. Finally we’ll use h (the letter h with an underscore) to denote the sound of the letter Het (‫ )ח‬or the loose version of the letter Kaf (‫ . and idioms. תודה‬Great. מה שלומ‬ Shà-lom Ri-nà. You can download the lesson guide from our web site at http://hebrewpodcasts. Let’s practice: Hello Rina. In this lesson you’ll learn spoken Hebrew by listening to a dialog and a discussion of vocabulary. In this first beginner-level lesson we’ll meet Rina. Transcription We’ll use transcription in our lesson guides to help you read new Hebrew words. to-dà. ‫ . מה שלומך‬ Né-hé-dàr.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1 – Introduction Beginner Level Hello and welcome to Hebrew Podcasts. Mà shlo-méh? ? ‫שלום דני. ‫ שלומ‬is a combination of the words: ‫ . You should read the transcription as if it was English. Rina. follow the arrows: Rina said ‫ בסדר גמור‬which means “all 1 2 3 right”. !‫שלום רינה‬ Shà-lom Ri-nà! ?‫שלום דני. Hello Rina! !‫שלום רינה‬ Shà-lom Ri-nà! The word.com © Yedwab. ‫ בסדר גמור‬emphasizes that it’s completely all right. Mà shlo-méh? . How are you? All right. All rights reserved. ‫ בסדר‬means all right. grammar. Otherwise. We’ll use é and à to better approximate the Hebrew sounds. How are you? ? ‫שלום רינה. Mà shlom-hà? ?‫נהדר.נהדר. תודה. 2008. מה שלומ‬ Shà-lom Dà-ni. 11 . 4 I answered you.‫בסדר גמור‬ Bé-sé-dér gà-moor. We see it used next when Rina asks me “How are you?” How are you? ?‫מה שלומך‬ Mà shlom-hà? In Hebrew. then you should pronounce these two accents accordingly. if we include some Hebrew words. You should pronounce those as you would in French. and do a few exercises to reinforce the lesson. In our English text. or the word résumé? If so. line by line going down the page. with ‫ . מה שלומך‬ Shà-lom Dà-ni. This time we’ll pause after each line so that you can practice by repeating out loud: learn@hebrewpodcasts. thank you.com. ‫ שלומ‬is a single-word combination of the words: ‫ . With each podcast there’s a lesson guide where you can read the transcript. then read them from right to the left. if I wanted to say ‘thank you very much!’ I would say: To-dà rà-bà When I asked you how you are. She’ll help us practice some greetings and learn some new words.

the word ‫ שלומך‬is written identically in its masculine ‫ שְ ל מ‬and feminine ֶ‫שְ ל מ‬ forms. ‫ נעים מאוד‬is an expression that means ‘Pleased to meet you!’. Nikkud ִ ‫נ ד‬ Okay. à-ni ho-lé-hét lé-béit hà-sé-fér kid-mà.? How are you? How do you do? How are you? What’s up? How are you feeling? What’s new? ? ‫מה שלומ‬ Mà shlom-hà? ?‫מה נשמע‬ Mà nish-mà? ?‫איך המרגש‬ Éyh hà-màr-gàsh? ?‫מה חדש‬ Mà hà-dàsh? In Hebrew. Rina. They read whole words rather than phonetically and they can resolve ambiguity from the context.. מה שלומך‬ Shà-lom Dà-ni. How are you? All right. a question is often formed simply by the way we emphasize and without changing word order. Rina. את הולכת לבית ספר‬ Ri-nà. They tell you how to pronounce and let you distinguish between words that are otherwise spelled the same.‫נעים מאוד! אני רינה‬ Nà-im mé-od! à-ni Ri-nà. now suppose I wanted to introduce myself to you Rina.לבית ספר‬to school. and ‫ בית ספר‬literally means book house. verb forms change based on the gender and plurality of the subject. the statement: you go.בית ספר‬school. אני הולכת לבית הספר קידמה‬ Kén. or nikkud. learn@hebrewpodcasts. For example. we heard ‫ . it means ‘very pleasant’. but when Rina answered. the subject is Rina. . ‫ . How are you. àt ho-lé-hét lé-béit sé-fér? !‫נעים מאוד‬ Nà-im mé-od! Hebrew vowel marks. ‫ לבית ספר‬means to school. I’m Danny. In our lessons guides we will have Hebrew text typed without nikkud.com © Yedwab. to-dà. hello. . תודה. do you go to school? ?‫רינה. In my question.‫שלום.‫בסדר גמור‬ Bé-sé-dér gà-moor. You said yes. ‫ .‫כן. .. without nikkud. I’m Danny.לבית הספר‬to the school. newspapers and web sites do not provide nikkud. is ‫ את הולכת‬and when we turn it into a question: do you go? It simply becomes ?‫את הולכת‬ Finally. Modern Hebrew books. אני דני‬ Shà-lom. How are you? Great. Mà shlom-hà? ?‫נהדר. Mà shlo-méh? . I’m going to ask Rina if she goes to school.בית ספר‬ ‫ ספר‬means a book. That’s a very useful expression. Literally. is composed of two words.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1 – Introduction Beginner Level Hello Rina! Hello Danny. we heard ‫ . thank you. however. Rina. à-ni dà-ni. 12 . Let’s consider some variations. you go to the school named Kidmah. מה שלומך‬ Né-hé-dàr. For example. don’t rely on nikkud. ‫. are useful for beginner readers. In Hebrew. you would then respond with: Pleased to meet you! I’m Rina. !‫שלום רינה‬ Shà-lom Ri-nà! ?‫שלום דני. You can read more about nikkud on Wikipedia. Pleased to meet you! Next. I go to the school Kidmah. All rights reserved.הולכת‬that’s a verb that means go. let’s listen to your answer Yes. 2008. Experienced readers. In our case. ‫ הולכת‬is therefore the feminine form of the verb to go. This means. I would say: Hello.

he would say. The English Teacher ‫המורה לאנגלית‬ Hà-mo-ré lé-àn-glit Present Tense to love ‫לאהוב‬ Lé-é-hov ‫אני/אתה/הוא‬ ‫אוהב‬ À-ni/À-tà/Hoo o-hév ‫אני/את/היא‬ ‫אוהבת‬ À-ni/Àt/Hee o-hé-vét And to speak about both teachers ‘my teachers’.. 2008. if you and Noa. ‫אנחנו הולכות לעיר‬ À-nàh-noo hol-hot là-ir Let’s hear my question and Rina’s answer again. .‫מתל אביב‬ mi-tél à-viv. ‫היא מורה חדשה‬ Hee mo-rà hà-dà-shà . à-ni ho-lé-hét lé-béit hà-sé-fér kid-mà.. ‫ לעברית‬means of Hebrew – the teacher of Hebrew. ‫היא נחמדה מאוד‬ Hee néh-mà-dà mé-od ‫והיא משחקת איתנו‬ vé-hee mé-sà-hé-két ee-tà-noo .. אני הולכת לבית הספר קידמה‬ Kén. . then you would say. Hee mo-rà hà-dà-shà.com © Yedwab... ‫. Let’s examine what we heard: Rina. ?‫רינה. Rina. if you were speaking about a male English teacher. 13 .אוהבת‬which is the feminine form of the verb to love. Rina. you would say. do you go to school? So.‫אני אוהבת את המורה לעברית‬ À-ni o-hé-vét ét hà-mo-rà lé-iv-rit.המורה לעברית‬ I love the Hebrew teacher. wanted to say ‘we go to the city’. Rina. two girls. please tell us about your Hebrew Teacher. I go to the school Kidmah. She is very nice and she plays with us and sings songs with us.. wanted to say ‘I go to school’.‫ושרה איתנו שירים‬ vé-shà-rà ee-tà-noo shi-rim. you would say.. את הולכת לבית ספר‬ Ri-nà. ‫ עברית‬is Hebrew. learn@hebrewpodcasts. we heard quite a bit here. àt ho-lé-hét lé-béit sé-fér? Yes.‫כן. . היא מורה חדשה‬ Kén. She is a new teacher.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1 – Introduction Beginner Level If Avi. All rights reserved. ‫אני הולך לבית הספר‬ À-ni ho-léh lé-béit hà-sé-fér Rina. ‫המורים שלי‬ Hà-mo-rim shé-li I/you/he love/loves (male singular) I/you/she love/loves (female singular) ‫אנחנו/אתם/הם‬ we/you/they love ‫אוהבים‬ (male plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tém/Hém o-hà-vim ‫אנחנו/אתן/הן‬ we/you/they love ‫אוהבות‬ (female plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tén/Hén o-hà-vot ‫דני אוהב לשיר‬ Dà-ni o-hév là-shir Danny loves to sing Okay.‫כן. my teachers Okay. a man. you said that your Hebrew teacher is new Yes. Let’s try some variations Rina. We hear ‫ . tell us more about your Hebrew teacher: She is a new teacher from Tel-Aviv.. I/you/she go/goes (female singular) Present Tense to go ‫ללכת‬ Là-lé-hét ‫אני/אתה/הוא‬ ‫הולך‬ À-ni/À-tà/Hoo ho-léh ‫אני/את/היא‬ ‫הולכת‬ À-ni/Àt/Hee ho-lé-hét I/you/he go/goes (male singular) ‫אנחנו/אתם/הם‬ we/you/they go ‫הולכים‬ (male plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tém/Hém hol-him ‫אנחנו/אתן/הן‬ we/you/they go ‫הולכות‬ (female plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tén/Hén hol-hot ‫דני ורינה הולכים לתל אביב‬ Dà-ni vé-ri-nà hol-him lé-tél à-viv Danny and Rina go to Tel Aviv (Danny and Rina are going to Tel Aviv) Rina loves her Hebrew teacher.

. and from. Let’s listen to that again in the dialog: She is a new teacher from Tel-Aviv. New teachers ‫מורים חדשים‬ Mo-rim hà-dà-shim Present Tense to play ‫לשחק‬ Lé-sà-hék Rina’s teacher is from Tel-Aviv.‫"מעוז צור ישועתי‬ “mà-oz tsoor yé-shoo-à-ti…” ‫ . I’m learning to sing Hanukkah songs..לשיר‬is nice. She is very nice is She is very nice ‫היא נחמדה מאוד‬ Hee néh-mà-dà mé-od She is very nice and she plays with us.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1 – Introduction Beginner Level ‫ חדשה‬is the feminine singular form of the Hebrew adjective ‫ . .‫"מעוז צור ישועתי‬ “mà-oz tsoor yé-shoo-à-ti…” To sing.מתל אביב‬Those prefixes are the prepositions of. ‫אני/אתה/הוא‬ I/you/he play/plays ‫משחק‬ (male singular) À-ni/À-tà/Hoo mé-sà-hék ‫אני/את/היא‬ I/you/she play/plays ‫משחקת‬ (female singular) À-ni/Àt/Hee mé-sà-hé-két ‫אנחנו/אתם/הם‬ we/you/they play ‫משחקים‬ (male plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tém/Hém mé-sàh-kim ‫אנחנו/אתן/הן‬ we/you/they play ‫משחקות‬ (female plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tén/Hén mé-sàh-kot ‫ילדות משחקות בבית הספר‬ Hà-yé-là-dot mé-sàh-kot bé-béit hà-sé-fér The girls play at school Hebrew uses prefixes like ‫ ל‬in ‫ . respectively. Next Rina told us that her teacher is very nice. ‫אני לומדת לשיר‬ À-ni lo-mé-dét là-shir . it’s nice. Let’s listen to how Rina said that: ‫היא נחמדה מאוד והיא משחקת איתנו‬ Hee néh-mà-dà mé-od vé-hee mé-sà-hé-két ee-tà-noo Let’s hear that again ‫היא נחמדה מאוד והיא משחקת איתנו‬ Hee néh-mà-dà mé-od vé-hee mé-sà-hé-két ee-tà-noo Rina’s new teacher also sings with the kids.משחקת‬ Before we conclude our lesson.לעברית‬or ‫ מ‬in ‫ . Like for example “Ma'oz Tzur Y'shu'ati ” ?‫את אוהבת לשיר‬ Àt o-hé-vét là-shir? .‫היא מורה חדשה מתל אביב‬ Hee mo-rà hà-dà-shà mi-tél à-viv.חדש‬If you were talking about your teachers—in plural—you would say...לומדת‬that’s another verb in its feminine singular present tense.. ‫ . what song are you learning now for Hanukkah? I’m learning to sing “Ma'oz Tzur Y'shu'ati ” ‫אני לומדת לשיר‬ À-ni lo-mé-dét là-shir ". ‫. ‫כמו למשל‬ Kmo lé-mà-shàl ". All rights reserved.. 14 .‫שירים של חנוכה‬ shi-rim shél hà-noo-kà. We’ll pause after each line for you to repeat it out loud. Do you like to sing? Yes. just like ‫ הולכת‬and ‫. זה נחמד‬ Kén. learn@hebrewpodcasts. 2008.‫כן. Zé néh-màd.com © Yedwab. let’s listen again to the entire dialog.זה נחמד‬ So Rina. So Rina.

She is very nice and she plays with us and sings with us. à-ni ho-lé-hét . Zé néh-màd. All rights reserved. Until then !‫שלום ולהתראות‬ learn@hebrewpodcasts.” I’m learning to sing Hanukkah songs. In our next lesson we’ll meet Noa and we’ll review the twenty-two letters of the Hebrew alphabet. ‫אני אוהבת‬ À-ni o-hé-vét . which may fall anytime from late November to late December.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1 – Introduction Beginner Level Hello Rina! Hello Danny. the Festival of Lights. singular) À-ni/Àt/Hee néh-mà-dà ‫אנחנו/אתם/הם‬ we are/you are/they ‫נחמדים‬ are nice (m. 2008. 15 . ‫אני לומדת לשיר‬ À-ni lo-mé-dét là-shir . How are you? Great. תודה. That’s it for today. I love the Hebrew teacher. plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tén/Hén néh-mà-dot ‫מורים נחמדים‬ Mo-rim néh-mà-dim Nice teachers ‫מורות נחמדות‬ Mo-rot néh-mà-dot Nice teachers (referring to a group of allfemale teachers) Hanukkah ‫חנוכה‬ Hanukkah. מה שלומך‬ Shà-lom Dà-ni.‫ושרה איתנו שירים‬ vé-shà-rà ee-tà-noo shi-rim. Do you like to sing? Yes. ‫היא נחמדה מאוד‬ Hee néh-mà-dà mé-od ‫והיא משחקת איתנו‬ vé-hee mé-sà-hé-két ee-tà-noo .‫שירים של חנוכה‬ shi-rim shél hà-noo-kà.. How are you? All right. Mà shlo-méh? . I go to the school Kidmah.com © Yedwab. Mà shlom-hà? ?‫נהדר. it’s nice. àt ho-lé-hét lé-béit sé-fér? ‫כן. ?‫רינה. thank you. את הולכת לבית ספר‬ Ri-nà. ?‫את אוהבת לשיר‬ Àt o-hé-vét là-shir? . to-dà.‫בסדר גמור‬ Bé-sé-dér gà-moor. מה שלומך‬ Né-hé-dàr. She is a new teacher from Tel-Aviv.‫לבית הספר קידמה‬ lé-béit hà-sé-fér kid-mà. singular) ‫אני/את/היא‬ I am/you are/she is ‫נחמדה‬ nice (f. זה נחמד‬ Kén. אני הולכת‬ Kén. plural) À-nàh-noo/À-tém/Hém néh-mà-dim ‫אנחנו/אתן/הן‬ we are/you are/they ‫נחמדות‬ are nice (f. It is an eight-day Jewish holiday beginning on the 25th day of the month of Kislev.. ‫היא מורה חדשה‬ Hee mo-rà hà-dà-shà . ‫כמו למשל‬ Kmo lé-mà-shàl ". celebrates the re-kindling of the Temple menorah at the time of the Maccabee rebellion. do you go to school? Yes.‫"מעוז צור ישועתי‬ “mà-oz tsoor yé-shoo-à-ti…” Adjective Nice ‫נחמד‬ Néh-màd ‫אני/אתה/הוא‬ ‫נחמד‬ À-ni/À-tà/Hoo néh-màd I am/you are/he is nice (m.‫כן. Like for example “Ma'oz Tzur Y'shu'ati ” !‫שלום רינה‬ Shà-lom Ri-nà! ?‫שלום דני. Rina.‫מתל אביב‬ mi-tél à-viv.‫את המורה לעברית‬ ét hà-mo-rà lé-iv-rit.

‫2.‫1. Pay attention to gender and plurality. Mé-sà-hé-két Mé-sà-hék Mé-sàh-kim 5. אנחנו‬ ‫א( משחקת‬ ‫ב( משחק‬ ‫ג( משחקים‬ . learn@hebrewpodcasts.‫5.com/pdf/Answers_001. All rights reserved. הם ________ שירים של חנוכה‬ ‫א( למד‬ ‫ב( לומדים‬ ‫ג( לומדת‬ The answers to this exercise are available online at http://www. All rights reserved. Néh-màd Néh-mà-dim Néh-mà-dà 4. Là-màd Lom-dim Lo-mé-dét . You may not distribute these materials without permission from the copyright owner. Hém __________ shi-rim shél hà-noo-kà.hebrewpodcasts.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 1 – Introduction Beginner Level Lesson 1 – Exercises Match each sentence with its Hebrew translation.pdf © Both the podcast and this accompanying lesson guide are copyrighted material. Hà-mo-rim __________. I am going to school I love the teacher The teacher is nice I am learning to sing The teacher plays with us ‫אני אוהבת את המורה‬ À-ni o-hé-vét ét hà-mo-rà ‫אני לומדת לשיר‬ À-ni lo-mé-dét là-shir ‫אני הולכת לבית ספר‬ À-ni ho-lé-hét lé-béit sé-fér ‫המורה משחקת איתנו‬ Hà-mo-rà mé-sà-hé-két ee-tà-noo ‫המורה נחמדה‬ Hà-mo-rà néh-mà-dà Select the correct form of the verb and write it in the space.________ ‫3. 16 . Hol-him Ho-léh Ho-lé-hét 2. המורים‬ ‫א( נחמד‬ ‫ב( נחמדים‬ ‫ג( נחמדה‬ . 1. 2008. רינה ________ לבית ספר‬ ‫א( הולכים‬ ‫ב( הולך‬ ‫ג( הולכת‬ . Ri-nà __________ lé-béit sé-fér. O-hév O-hà-vim O-hà-vot 3. Then draw a line to connect them. הוא ________ את המורה‬ ‫א( אוהב‬ ‫ב( אוהבים‬ ‫ג( אוהבות‬ . Hoo __________ ét hà-mo-rà. A-nàh-noo __________.com © Yedwab.________ ‫4.

17 . We’ll use é and à to better approximate the Hebrew sounds. ִ‫( א‬EE).)כ‬You should refer to lesson 2 to hear this sound. Alef (À-léf) ‫אלף‬ .com © Yedwab. It has two possible sounds.‫שלום נועה‬ Shà-lom no-à !‫שלום‬ Transcription We’ll use transcription in our lesson guides to help you read new Hebrew words. We’ll use hyphens to help the pronunciation. You can here the V sound in ‫. and ֻ‫( א‬OO). some of their sounds are not found in English. It sounds like the u in up. ֵ‫( א‬É). or the word résumé? If so.. This is useful for spelling words borrowed from other languages. They are in the same order in Hebrew as their equivalent sounding letters in English.אוהבת‬which means ‘loves’. In modern Hebrew we use an apostrophe on the letter ‫ גימל‬to make this sound. ‫ת ש ר ק פ נ מ ל כ ד ב א‬ A B D K L MN P Q R S T ‫ב‬ The letter ‫ בית‬has an interesting quality. When there’s an apostrophe on the letter ‫ . Are you familiar with the expression déjà vu. We’ll say the name of each letter and hear a word or two that begin with that letter. There are five basic sounds in Hebrew: ַ‫( א‬À). ‫ אלף‬and ‫ . Hebrew uses accents called Nikkud rather than vowel letters to indicate the sound. Let’s see an example of the former. The first is a stressed sound that’s similar to the letter B. learn@hebrewpodcasts.אריה‬The ַ‫ א‬sound comes from the throat. ‫א‬ This letter.ברווז‬We hear the B sound in ‫ . ‫ . Noa. You’ll need to read whole words and remember how to pronounce them. Hello.גמל‬This letter also has an interesting feature.אוהבת‬ Gimel (Gi-mél) ‫גימל‬ ‫ג‬ ‫גמל‬ The letter ‫ גימל‬is pronounced like G in go. A duck Bàr-vàz ‫ברווז‬ That’s a duck – ‫ . For starters. 2008.. In this beginner-level lesson we’ll review the twenty-two letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Consider the following 12 consonants.. You should read the transcription as if it was English. Old Hebrew doesn’t have this sound.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level Hello. So ‫ אלף‬is mostly used as a consonant. the Nikkud is simply omitted. and they are written from right to left. then you should pronounce these two accents accordingly.. We’ll then discuss pronunciation.. Noa. Here to help us is Noa. pronounce é like the e in let and pronounce à like the a in bark or the u in up. but a bit more from the throat..אלף‬is one of a few letters in Hebrew that can serve as either a consonant or a vowel. ֹ ‫( א‬O).. even the word alphabet is similar to the Hebrew ‫ . and welcome to Lesson 2 of Hebrew Podcasts.גימל‬it’s pronounced like G in George. nevertheless. Hello Noa. A camel Gà-màl A camel is ‫ .. what’s the second letter in Hebrew? Bet (Bét) ‫בית‬ The Hebrew Alphabet Hebrew letters look quite different than English.בית‬as well as the Greek alpha and beta. We should mention that in modern Hebrew writing. and the second is a loose sound similar to the letter V. the two alphabets are not as different as it first appears.אלפבית‬Alphabet originates from the first two letters in Hebrew. All rights reserved. Otherwise. A lion Àr-yé ‫אריה‬ That’s a lion – ‫ . Finally we’ll use h (the letter h with an underscore) to denote the sound of the letter Het (‫ )ח‬or the loose version of the letter Kaf (‫ . Let’s see an example. let’s begin with the first letter of the alphabet.ברווז‬For an example of the V sound of ‫ בית‬you may remember that in our previous lesson we learned the word ‫ . You should pronounce those as you would in French. Let’s see an example.

והדוב‬ Hà-àr-yé. The letter ‫ וו‬has another function. which is the third day of the week. moving on He (Héy) ‫הא‬ Dov ‫ה‬ The letter ‫ הא‬sounds like H in English. the camel.אלף‬can also function as a vowel. with ‫ א‬being 1. Instead it’s attached as a prefix to the word that follows. the word for a bear is. ‫ ב‬being 2. Let’s see an example. Noa. the duck. The letter ‫ הא‬has an important use. often at the end of a word. Vav (Vàv) ‫וו‬ Terminal Letters ‫ו‬ ‫שלומך‬ Shlom-hà ‫שלום‬ Shà-lom ‫מצוין‬ Mé-tsoo-yàn ‫ינשוף‬ Yàn-shoof ‫עץ‬ Éts ‫אותיות סופיות‬ O-ti-yot so-fi-yot There are five Hebrew letters that are written differently when they are at the end of a word.. All rights reserved. in the word ‫ . These are: ‫כף סופית‬ Kàf so-fit ‫מם סופית‬ Mém so-fit ‫נון סופית‬ Noon so-fit ‫פא סופית‬ Pé so-fit ‫צדי סופית‬ Tsà-di so-fit ‫ וו‬is often used as a vowel.‫האריה.הא הידיעה‬It is not a separate word like ‘the’. This usage is typically for words that were borrowed from another language.בסדר גמור‬ ‫ וו‬can also be used as a consonant and sound like the letter V. it uses two consecutive ‫ וו‬to make this sound. This word is obviously borrowed from another language. '‫ יום ו‬is Friday. let’s hear an example of a word like that. Because Hebrew does not have a letter that sounds like W. For example. Since we’re using animals as examples.יום שבת‬ The following table shows the value of each letter. How do you say a virus? A virus Vi-roos ‫וירוס‬ ‫ וירוס‬means a virus. words like virus. serves as a vowel.com © Yedwab. It can sound like O. For example. '‫ יום ג‬means Tuesday. hà-gà-màl.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level Dalet (Dà-lét) ‫דלת‬ ‫ד‬ ‫דוב‬ Letters as Numbers Hebrew letters can also be used as numbers.. and we don’t hear any H sound. the letter ‫ הא‬can be silent. ‫טח ז ו הד ג ב א‬ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ‫צ פ ע ס נ מ ל כ י‬ 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 ‫ת ש ר ק‬ 100 200 300 400 For example.אוהבת‬It can also sound like the double O in book.. respectively. הברווז. vé-hà-dov This means the lion. A bear Okay. הגמל. Numbers are written by stringing letters so that their values add up to the number. It’s used for the definite article. Like ‫ הא . Next. It’s called ‫ . For example. 18 . It has a name in Hebrew. the second ‫ הא‬in the word ‫ . it’s ‫). hà-bàr-vàz. At the end of a word. 2008. ‫ ל"ג‬is 33. in the word ‫ גמור‬that we heard in our previous lesson when Rina said ‫. we come to the sixth letter which is. ‫ך‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ן‬ ‫ף‬ ‫ץ‬ ‫ עץ‬means a tree or wood. For example the word ‫ וולבי‬which means a wallaby.אהבה‬which means love.. Hebrew is an ancient language that has been revived around the end of the nineteenth century. what animal begins with ‫?הא‬ A hippo Hi-po-po-tàm ‫היפופוטם‬ ‫ היפופוטם‬as you probably guessed means a hippo. Therefore. and the bear. atom. Let’s look at a few examples: . The letter ‫ דלת‬sounds like the letter D. and telephone were brought into Hebrew from other languages. (Saturday however is special. learn@hebrewpodcasts. Noa. For example. and ‫ג‬ being 3.

. then the letter is always stressed.חמור‬This word. Okay. vàv. then the letter is never stressed. הא. When a word ends with one of these letters..חמור‬is also used for name calling. it is pronounced like the letter J in French. וו. noon.. 2008. vàv. Bét. פא‬ When a word begins with one of these letters. let’s spell the word ‫. Het (Hét) ‫חית‬ Dàg too-nà Tuna fish ‫ינשוף עצים‬ Yàn-shoof éts-im Long-eared owl (literally trees owl) ‫זין‬ ‫ז‬ Examples ‫דוב חום‬ Dov hoom A fly is ‫ .. נון.זבוב‬ ‫ח‬ ‫חית‬ Now that’s a hard one to pronounce. Okay Noa. Let’s go on.חזיר‬And. let’s go on. let’s do a couple of examples with ‫.. bét. ‫ יוד‬sounds like the letter Y. A donkey Hà-mor ‫חמור‬ Hà-zir ‫חזיר‬ Stressed and Loose There are six letters in Hebrew that can be “stressed”. It sounds similar to J in Spanish like in the name José.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level Okay Noa. héy. meaning an idiot.זין‬In that case. let’s spell ‫. Let’s hear that again.חית‬ A pig That means a pig – ‫ . When used as a vowel. except when there’s an apostrophe on the letter ‫ . For example in the French name '‫. זבוב‬ Zà-yin. and it’s a rather mild expletive.ז'ורז‬ Noa. Too-nà Okay Noa. learn@hebrewpodcasts. ‫ . z-voov. ‫ חית‬is pronounced from the throat. what’s the next letter? Yud (Yood) ‫יוד‬ ‫י‬ When used as a consonant. וו. בית. but in modern Hebrew you can only hear the difference with three of these letters: . Now. כף.. All rights reserved. how about an example? A fly Z-voov ‫זבוב‬ Brown bear ‫החמור והחזיר‬ Hà-hà-mor vé-hà-hà-zir The donkey and the pig ‫דג טונה‬ .com © Yedwab. 19 .‫בית. Examples: Instead of ‫( הספר‬the book) ‫( ואני‬and me) ‫( שבאה‬that came) ‫( לעיר‬to the city) Look up ‫( ספר‬book) ‫( אני‬me) ‫( באה‬came) ‫( עיר‬city) ‫ טונה‬mean tuna as in tuna fish. remember to strip any prefixes. Het Hét ‫ חית‬really doesn’t have an equivalent sound in English. like the sound made when you’re clearing your throat.‫טית. For example A tuna Too-nà ‫טונה‬ ‫טית‬ ‫ט‬ Hebrew Dictionary Lookup When you look up Hebrew words in the dictionary.זבוב‬So ‫ זין‬sounds like Z. ‫ יוד‬sounds like I in pig. בית. Tet (Tét) The letter ‫ טית‬sounds like the letter T.‫זין. what’s next? Zayin (Zà-yin) The letter ‫ זין‬sounds like Z. טונה‬ Tét. Noa.טונה‬ . A donkey is ‫ . Let’s see an example of ‫ יוד‬as a consonant.

מם סופית‬at the end of a word is ‫. And how do you say fossil in Hebrew? A fossil Mé-oo-bàn A fossil is ‫ .אבן‬a word that means rock.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level An owl Yàn-shoof ‫ינשוף‬ An owl is ‫ .חית‬In our previous lesson we saw an example of the soft sounding ‫ כף‬in the word ‫. אלף. Next we come to another interesting letter. we have the word ‫ מאובן‬which is derived from the root ‫.אבן‬ Let’s see some other words derived from ‫.‫למד.בית‬the letter ‫ כף‬has also two possible sounds..כלב‬ a dog—and a loose sound similar to the Hebrew letter ‫ . Any animal beginning with ‫?למד‬ A lizard A lizard is ‫ . Mem (Mém) ‫מם‬ Lé-tà-à ‫מ‬ ‫מאובן‬ ‫ מם‬sounds like the letter M. héy. The letter ‫ מם‬turns into ‫ מם סופית‬when it’s at the end of a word. à-léf. Like ‫ כף סופית‬and ‫ נון . because ‫ מאובן‬describes something that turned into a rock. Lé-tà-à. לטאה‬ Là-méd. טית.com © Yedwab.יכולה‬ Another interesting feature of the letter ‫ כף‬is that it is written differently at the end of a word.מאובן‬The word is derived from ‫ . 20 . A stressed sound similar to K—for example. Nun (Noon) ‫נון‬ ‫נ‬ ‫ נון‬sounds like the letter N. ‫... In our example here. 2008.לטאה‬Noa.נון סופית‬ And an animal starting with ‫ נון‬is learn@hebrewpodcasts. let’s spell ‫. The next letter is.לטאה‬ .כף סופית‬ Let’s see a couple of examples of animals that begin with ‫ . I just mentioned: A dog ‫ – כלב‬that’s a dog. Kaf (Kàf) ‫כף‬ Morphology ‫כ‬ Like we saw before with the letter ‫ . Let’s continue..כריש‬ Ready for the next letter? Lamed (Là-méd) ‫למד‬ Kà-rish ‫כריש‬ Ké-lév ‫כלב‬ A characteristic of the Hebrew language is that most words are derived from a root of 3-4 consonants. It’s called ‫. Tét. All rights reserved.כף‬The first. Multiple words with similar meaning are derived from the same root. הא.אבן‬ Stone Fossil Tartar (as in teeth) ‫אבן‬ é-vén ‫מאובן‬ mé-oo-bàn ‫אבנית‬ àv-nit ‫ל‬ ‫לטאה‬ Examples ‫כלב נחמד‬ Ké-lév néh-màd Nice dog ‫כריש לבן‬ Kà-rish là-vàn White shark ‫לטאה זריזה‬ Lé-tà-à zri-zà Literally nimble lizard (Lacerta laevis – a lizard native to Israel) ‫מאובנים‬ Mé-oo-bà-nim Fossils ‫קן נשרים‬ Kén né-shà-rim Eagles nest ‫ למד‬sounds like the letter L. And another example A shark That’s a shark – ‫.ינשוף‬Another word that begins with ‫ יוד‬is ‫ ילד‬which means a child.

‫ צדי סופית‬is the fifth and last of the ‫ . All rights reserved. Noa.צפרדע‬There’s no equivalent in English for the sound of ‫ .Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level A vulture A vulture or eagle – ‫. respectively. it makes the sound '‫ .צדי‬This sound is approximated by the letter combination TS like in the word pets. an elephant ‫פא. Nevertheless.פיל‬The letter ‫ פא‬has two possible sounds.פיל‬ The loose sound is similar to F like we heard in the word ‫. 21 . a frog ‫צדי.. tsi-por. פיל‬ ‫פ‬ Péy.ינשוף‬ Here ‫ פא‬is at the end of the word and. How do you say a horse? A horse And a crab? A crab Noa.סופית‬ Tsadi (Tsà-di). what’s the next letter? learn@hebrewpodcasts. tét. It’s the sound that the doctor wants you to make when she examines your throat with a tongue depressor. in modern Hebrew you will rarely hear the difference between ‫ אלף‬and ‫. it’s ‫פא‬ ‫.צ‬For example. noon so-fit. The stressed sound is similar to P like we just heard in the word ‫.עכביש‬sounds like the letter ‫ אלף‬but comes from even deeper in the throat. can you spell ‫ סרטן‬for us? . ‫ צ'כיה‬and ‫ צ'ילה‬which means the Czech Republic and Chile.אותיות סופיות‬or terminal letters—those letters that are written differently when they are the last letter of a word. ריש. צפרדע‬ Tsà-di. ‫ צדי‬has another feature. tsfàr-dé-à ‫צ‬ A bird is ‫ ציפור‬and a frog is ‫ . Sameh (Sà-méh) Né-shér ‫נשר‬ ‫סמך‬ ‫ס‬ ‫סוס‬ This letter sounds like S. עכביש‬ À-yin. Sàr-tàn. a bird. a spider ‫עין. טית. 2008. pil An elephant is ‫ ..‫סמך. If written with an apostrophe. you guessed it.com © Yedwab. Ayin (À-yin). réish.נשר‬ Next. à-kà-vish Goat’s milk ‫פיל אפריקני‬ Pil àf-ri-kà-ni African elephant ‫צפרדע ירוקה‬ Tsfar-dé-à yé-roo-kà Green frog ‫קיפוד מצוי‬ Ki-pod mà-tsooy Common hedgehog ‫מראשן לצפרדע‬ Mi-ro-shàn lé-tsfàr-dé-à From tadpole to frog ‫שועל אדום‬ Shoo-àl à-dom Red fox ‫תנין היאור‬ Tà-nin hà-yé-or Nile crocodile Sàr-tàn ‫סרטן‬ Soos ‫ע‬ Examples ‫חלב של עז‬ Hà-làv shél éz A goat is ‫ עז‬and a spider is ‫ עין . עז. éz. Let’s go on. a goat. נון סופית. Let’s hear a couple of examples. ציפור. yes. סרטן‬ Sà-méh.עין‬ Pe (Péy).

The second sounds like S in snake.קוף‬Noa? A hedgehog A hedgehog. Okay Noa. ‫ . Shin (Shin) ‫שין‬ Ro-shàn ‫ראשן‬ ‫ ימנית‬and ‫ שמאלית‬are the feminine form of the adjective. is feminine. How about an animal that starts with ‫ .. you’re probably wondering why there are two letters that sound pretty much the same. this is a bit strange because we already encountered a letter that sounds like that. 22 . and even C. we’re almost done.שין ימנית‬The second form of ‫ . For example. just like it’s really hard for Hebrew speakers to pronounce the English R correctly. like in shush. we just saw an example of ‫ שין שמאלית‬in the word ‫ .) Left (m. like the name of the Israeli town of ‫ טבריה‬which was named after the roman emperor Tiberius.שין שמאלית‬and ‫.. ‫ ריש‬is rolled in the back of the throat like when you gargle salt water. So. Now. ‫. We use the feminine form for ‫ שי"ן ימנית‬and ‫ שי"ן שמאלית‬because the letter ‫ .ישראל‬Let’s listen to an example of ‫ . So.שין ימנית‬How do we say a fox? A fox A fox is ‫. 2008. is called ‫ ימנית . Below are their adjective forms Right (m.) ‫ימני‬ Yé-mà-ni ‫ימנית‬ Yé-mà-nit ‫שמאלי‬ Smà-li ‫שמאלית‬ Smà-lit The letter ‫ קוף‬sounds like Q or K. This one is really hard to pronounce for English speakers. learn@hebrewpodcasts. It also sounds a lot like the Hebrew letter ‫ .Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level Kuf (Koof) ‫קוף‬ ‫ק‬ Left and Right Right Left ‫ ימין‬and ‫ שמאל‬are the nouns. how do you say tadpole in Hebrew? A tadpole A tadpole. K. But this is no different than English with Q. is called ‫ .ראשן‬ Let’s move on.ישראל‬ The first form of ‫ .טית‬This makes spelling hard. How can you tell whether to use ‫ טית‬or ‫ ?תו‬One clue is that ‫ טית‬is more often used in words borrowed from other languages. Noa.לשיר‬to sing) look for ‫שר‬ (sang). ‫ שין‬has two possible sounds. The first and more common sound is like the letter combination SH. respectively.) Left (f. all sounding the same. Let’s see an example. although it sounds quite a bit different. ‫ש‬ Hebrew Dictionary Lookup When you look up verbs in a Hebrew dictionary you should use the past tense of the verb in the first-person singular. Instead of ‫( .שין‬pronounced . ‫ ריש‬is approximated by the letter R.שין‬pronounced . It was the letter ‫ כף‬in its stressed form. Unlike some other languages.קיפוד‬That’s a prickly animal. instead of looking for ‫( .שועל‬ We come to the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Resh (Réish) ‫ריש‬ Ki-pod ‫קיפוד‬ ‫ימין‬ Yà-min ‫שמאל‬ Smol ‫ר‬ Right (f.שי"ן‬itself being a noun. the twentieth letter is. Tav (Tàf) ‫תו‬ Shoo-àl ‫שועל‬ ‫ת‬ This letter sounds like the letter T. All rights reserved.שמאלית‬ are the adjectives right and left. you should not lookup the infinitive.לשחק‬to play) look for ‫( שיחק‬played). You can hear this form in the word ‫.com © Yedwab.) ‫ ריש‬has no identical sound in English.

תנין‬which means an alligator.com © Yedwab.com. ‫ . 23 . You can download the lesson guide from our web site at http://hebrewpodcasts. to finish off. Until then !‫שלום ולהתראות‬ Tà-nin ‫תנין‬ learn@hebrewpodcasts. 2008. We’ll learn some new vocabulary related to school and we’ll touch on the subject of counting and ordinal numbers. In our next lesson Noa will be back. how about an animal that begins in ‫?תו‬ An alligator That’s right. You can find more information in the lesson guide that goes together with this podcast. Noa.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level So. All rights reserved. That’s it for today. And with ‫ תו‬we come to the end of this lesson that was entirely dedicated to the Hebrew alphabet.

learn@hebrewpodcasts. 24 . ‫ זבוב‬z-voov ‫ אריה‬ar-yé ‫ כלב‬ké-lév ‫ תנין‬tà-nin ‫ קיפוד‬ki-pod ‫ גמל‬gà-màl ‫ ברוז‬bar-vàz ‫ סוס‬soos ‫ צפרדע‬tsfàr-dé-à ‫ פיל‬pil The answers to this exercise are available online at http://www. Draw a line between the word and the picture.Hebrew Podcasts Lesson 2 – Alphabet Beginner Level Lesson 2 – Exercise Match each animal with its Hebrew name. You may not distribute these materials without permission from the copyright owner.com/pdf/Answers_002.pdf © Both the podcast and this accompanying lesson guide are copyrighted material.com © Yedwab. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.hebrewpodcasts. 2008.

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